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0EACE "RIGADES )NTERNATIONAL

IN-EXICO

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.OTESONTHE#URRENT3ITUATION ,OUISE!RBOUR6ISITS-EXICO 3TERILIZED)NDIGENOUS0EOPLE$EMAND#OMPLIANCEWITHTHE#.$(|S2ECOMMENDATIONS 4HE)!#(23ENDS2OSENDO2ADILLA|S#ASETOTHE)NTER !MERICAN#OURTOF(UMAN2IGHTS #ONCERNABOUT-ILITARIZATIONIN)NDIGENOUS2EGIONSOF'UERRERO 02/$%3# $EFENDING#OLLECTIVE2IGHTS-INING#OMPANIESIN-EXICO

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.OTESONTHE#URRENT3ITUATION 2EFORMSTOTHE*USTICE3YSTEM

/AXACA

/N &EBRUARY  #ONGRESS APPROVED REFORMS TO THE JUSTICE SYSTEM SUPPORTED BY LEGISLATORS FROM ALL POLITICAL PARTIES "EFORE THESE REFORMS BECOME LAW THEYMUSTBERATIFIEDBYSTATECONGRESSES7HILETHE NEED FOR JUDICIAL REFORMS IN -EXICO IS CLEAR THE REFORM THAT WAS APPROVED CONTAINS MANY CONTRADICTIONS AND DISCREPANCIES IN ITS ARTICLES 3ERGIO 'ARCÓA 2AMÓREZ PRESIDENT OF THE )NTER !MERICAN #OURT OF (UMAN 2IGHTS CONSIDERS THESEREFORMSASETBACKINTERMSOFHUMANRIGHTS

4HE HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION IN /AXACA IS STILL hIN AN EXTREMELY CRITICAL STATEv ACCORDING TO THE )NTERNATIONAL #IVIL #OMMISSION FOR THE /BSERVATION OF(UMAN2IGHTS##)/$( AFTERTHEIRSECONDVISITTO /AXACAIN&EBRUARY4HE##)/$(HADALREADY DOCUMENTED HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS AGAINST THE TEACHERSIN/AXACAANDTHE0OPULAR!SSEMBLYOFTHE 0EOPLE OF /AXACA !00/ DURING MOBILIZATIONS IN 

!MONG THE ARTICLES THAT WERE PUT INTO QUESTION BY LAWYERS HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS AND THE .ATIONAL(UMAN2IGHTS#OMMISSION#.$( WASAN ARTICLEAUTHORIZINGRAIDSONPRIVATEHOMESWITHOUTA WARRANT n HOWEVER THIS WAS NOT APPROVED /THER ARTICLES SUCHASONETHATALLOWSFORhARRAIGOvPRE TRIAL DETENTION FOR UP TO  DAYS ARE CONSIDERED UNCONSTITUTIONAL PUTTINGFUNDAMENTALGUARANTEESAT RISK AND CREATING AN ENVIRONMENT THAT ALLOWS FOR ABUSEOFAUTHORITY4HE5NITED.ATIONS7ORK'ROUP ON!RBITRARY$ETENTIONSHASSTATEDTHATTHE-EXICAN ARRAIGOISAFORMOFARBITRARYDETENTION 4HIS REFORM MAKES THE REQUIREMENTS FOR ARREST WARRANTSMUCHMOREFLEXIBLEANDCREATESTWOJUSTICE SYSTEMS ONE FOR COMMON CRIMES AND ANOTHER FOR ORGANIZED CRIME 4HIS SECOND JUSTICE SYSTEM WOULD TAKE THE FORM OF A SUB SYSTEM THAT ALLOWS FOR EXCEPTIONS WITH FEWER RIGHTS A COMPLETE LACK OF PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE AND THE POSSIBILITY OF BEING CONFINED WITHOUT A TRIAL FOR UP TO TWO YEARS !CCORDING TO !MNESTY )NTERNATIONAL THE AMBIGUITY INWHICHORGANIZEDCRIMEHASBEENDEFINEDINTHESE REFORMS MEANS THAT THIS DEFINITION COULD BE USED IMPROPERLY TO DETAIN AND PROCESS PEOPLE WITHOUT APPROPRIATELYPROTECTINGTHEIRRIGHTS !TTORNEY'ENERAL%DUARDO-EDINA-ORASTATEDTHAT THIS REFORM IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CONSTITUTIONALREFORMSSINCETHE#ONSTITUTIONOF WASAPPROVED ANDTHATTHESEREFORMSARENECESSARY TO FIGHT ORGANIZED CRIME (UMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS RECOGNIZE THAT THE REFORM CONTAINS POSITIVE ASPECTS BUT THEY ALSO INSIST THAT THE MOST CRITICIZEDASPECTSREPRESENTSETBACKSINTERMSOFTHE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS /RGANIZATIONS ARE WORKING ON KEEPING THE DEBATE ALIVE SO THAT RECOMMENDATIONS FROM INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS CAN BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT BY THE STATES n THEY ARE WORKINGTOASSURETHATTHEREFORMISNOTAPPROVEDIN STATE CONGRESSES AND IS SENT BACK TO THE .ATIONAL #ONGRESSFORREVIEW!CCORDINGTOTHE#.$( OTHER IMPORTANT ISSUES HAVE BEEN LEFT OUT OF THE REFORMS INCLUDING IMPUNITY AMONGST GOVERNMENT WORKERS CORRUPTION INEFFICIENCYINTHEJUSTICESYSTEM ANDAN INCREASEDCONTROLOVERPOLICEFORCES

4HE #.$( ALSO PUT TOGETHER A 3PECIAL 2EPORT ON HUMANRIGHTSVIOLATIONSIN/AXACATHATINCLUDETHE RIGHTTOFREEDOM PROPERTY INTEGRITY ANDTHERIGHTTO LIFE AND RECOGNIZED THAT CIVIL SOCIETY SUFFERED FROM THREATS PERSECUTIONS AND PHYSICAL AGGRESSIONS /RGANIZATIONSREPORTTHATTHE/AXACANGOVERNMENT HAS NOT COMPLIED WITH THE #.$(|S RECOMMENDATIONS 4HERE HAVE ALSO BEEN MANY REPORTS OF INCREASING MILITARIZATION IN DIFFERENT REGIONS IN /AXACA AS WELL ASREPORTSOFARBITRARYDETENTIONS ABUSEOFAUTHORITY AND THREATS BY STATE AND FEDERAL POLICE FORCES DIRECTED TOWARDS ACTIVISTS AND THEIR FAMILIES !00/ LEADER &LAVIO 3OSA WAS DETAINED WITHOUT AN ARREST WARRANT IN  AND HE IS SEEN AS AN EMBLEMATIC EXAMPLEOFTHECRIMINALIZATIONOFSOCIALPROTESTSINCE AUTHORITIESHAVEUSEDLEGALMANEUVERSTOKEEPHIM IMPRISONED /F THE  SYMPATHIZERS OF THE !00/ THAT WERE ORIGINALLY DETAINED SEVEN REMAIN IN PRISON )N THE INTERNATIONAL ARENA THE )NTERNATIONAL *URIST #OMMISSION AND !MNESTY )NTERNATIONAL HAVE PUBLISHEDREPORTSABOUTTHESITUATIONIN/AXACATHAT POINT OUT THE IMPUNITY THAT PREVAILS IN REGARDS TO AGGRESSIONS SUFFERED BY PARTICIPANTS IN THE 0OPULAR 'UELAGUETZA ON *ULY   4HE POLITICAL AND ECONOMICDEMANDSHAVETURNEDINTOAFIGHTFORTHE MOSTBASICHUMANRIGHTSANDAFIGHTFORTHEFREEDOM OF THE LEADERS AND FAMILIES IN A CONTEXT IN WHICH THOSERESPONSIBLEHAVEYETTOBEPUNISHED

.!&4!|S!GRICULTURAL#HAPTERTAKES EFFECT /N*ANUARY THEAGRARIANCHAPTEROFTHE.ORTH !MERICAN&REE4RADE!GREEMENT.!&4! SIGNEDBY -EXICO THE5NITED3TATESAND#ANADAINTOOK EFFECT A CHAPTER THAT ALLOWS FOR THE COMPLETE OPENING OF THE AGRICULTURAL MARKET AND TAKES AWAY TAXES ON THE IMPORTATION OF BA SIC GRAINS SUCH AS BEANSANDRICEANDONMILK

7IDESPREADOPPOSITIONTOTHEOPENINGOFTHEMARKET BEGANTOFIGHTFORTHERENEGOTIATIONOF.!&4! CLOSE TO  THOUSAND APPEALS WERE PRESENTED IN SEVERAL DIFFERENTCOURTSTHROUGHOUT*ANUARY&ELIPE#ALDERØN|S GOVERNMENTHASSAIDTHATARENEGOTIATIONISUNVIABLE SINCEITCOULDMEANALOSSOFCONFIDENCEWITHTHE53 AND #ANADA &EDERAL AUTHORITIES MADE RECOMMENDATIONSTOTHEONEJUDGETHATACCEPTEDTHE APPEALSAYINGTHATHESHOULDDENYTHEAPPEAL GIVEN THATEVENONEAPPEALCOULDPROVOKEhLEGALCONFUSIONv AND hSOCIAL INSTABILITYv 4HE -EXICAN GOVERNMENT CONTINUES TO DEFEND .!&4! SAYING THAT ITS EFFECTS HAVEBEENPOSITIVE ANDTHATTHECOMPLETEOPENINGOF THE MARKET WILL BRING MORE BENEFITS TO THE ECONOMY ANDTO-EXICANSOCIETY "OTH THE OPPOSITION MOVEMENT AS WELL AS SEVERAL INTELLECTUALSHAVEWARNEDTHAT-EXICANAGRICULTUREIS STILL NOT PREPARED TO FACE COMPETITION WITH 53 PRODUCERS IN TERMS OF PRICE AND VOLUME ESPECIALLY WHEN FACED WITH LARGE DIFFERENCES IN SUBSIDIES BETWEENTHETWOCOUNTRIES#RUZ,ØPEZ!GUILAR LEADER OF THE .ATIONAL &ARMERS #ONFEDERATION #.# STATED THATMILLIONJOBSWERELOSTINTHECOUNTRYSIDEDURING THEYEARSINWHICH.!&4!HASBEENINEFFECT AND THAT MORE THAN  MILLION PEOPLE EMMIGRATE FROM THECOUNTRYSIDEANNUALLY(EALSOSTATEDTHATATLEAST THOUSANDPRODUCERSOFCORN BEANSANDMILKAREAT RISK DUE TO THE COMPLETE OPENING OF THE MARKET TO IMPORTS%XPERTS!RMANDO"ARTAAND!LEJANDRO.ADAL HAVE STATED THAT .!&4! HAS BEEN A FIASCO THAT HAS CAUSEDACOMPLETEBREAK UPOFRURALCOMMUNITIESAND MASS MIGRATION)NADDITION PROBLEMSRELATEDTODRUG TRAFFICKINGARETAKINGOVERTHECOUNTRYSIDEGIVENTHAT GROWING NARCOTICS IS NOW MORE PROFITABLE FOR FARMERS  ,A*ORNADA &EBRUARY   %L5NIVERSAL &EBRUARY   !RRAIGOISATYPEOFINFORMALDETENTIONAPPLIEDTOSUSPECTSSO THATJUDICIALPOLICEANDPROSECUTORSHAVETIMETOBUILDTHEIR CASEAGAINSTTHESUSPECTINORDERTOBRINGOFFICIALCHARGES  ,A*ORNADA &EBRUARY AND%L5NIVERSAL &EBRURAY   2EPORTBYTHE7ORK'ROUPON!RBITRARY$ENTENTIONSONTHEIR VISITTO-EXICO $ECEMBER  -IGUEL!GUSTÓN0RO*UÉREZ(UMAN2IGHTS#ENTERANDOTHERS  2EFORMAJUDICIALz5NOSDERECHOSHUMANOSMÉS IMPORTANTESQUEOTROS &EBRUARY   !MNESTY)NTERNATIONAL 0UBLIC3TATEMENT &EBRUARY   ,A*ORNADA -ARCH   0ROCESO -ARCH  P  ,A*ORNADA -ARCH   ,A*ORNADA &EBRUARY  .OVEMBERTH#OMMITTEE z#UMPLEEL'OBIERNODE/AXACA  LAS2ECOMENDACIONESDELA#.$( &EBRUARY   0ROCESO *ANUARY  !MNESTY)NTERNATIONAL -%8)#//AXACA *ULYHUMAN  RIGHTSVIOLATIONSSTILLWAITINGFORJUSTICE -ARCH   ,A*ORNADA &EBRUARY   )DEM  #.# 0RESS2ELEASE *ANUARY   0ROCESO *ANUARY  P 

#OVER0HOTO,OUISE!RBOUR 5.(IGH#OMMISSIONERFOR(UMAN2IGHTS AND!MERIGO)NCALCATERRA 2EPRESENTATIVEIN-EXICO LISTENINGTOTESTIMONIESOFINDIGENOUSORGANIZATIONS IN'UERRERO




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,OUISE!RBOUR6ISITS-EXICO ,OUISE !RBOUR 5NITED .ATIONS (IGH #OMMISSIONER FOR (UMAN 2IGHTS 5.(#(2 VISITED-EXICOON&EBRUARY  $URINGHER VISIT !RBOUR MET WITH 0RESIDENT &ELIPE #ALDERØN AND WITH DIFFERENT REPRESENTATIVES FROM THE GOVERNMENT CULMINATINGINTHESIGNINGOFANEW AGREEMENT THAT WOULD ALLOW THE /FFICE OF THE 5.(#(2IN-EXICOTOCONTINUEITSACTIVITIES4HE /FFICEBEGANWORKIN-EXICOINWHENITWAS INVITED BY 0RESIDENT 6ICENTE &OX AND WAS GIVEN THETASKOFELABORATINGADIAGNOSISOFTHEHUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION IN -EXICO 4HIS DOCUMENT WAS PUBLISHEDIN $UETOTHEIMPORTANCEOFTHENEWAGREEMENTAND OF RECOGNIZING THE hLEADERSHIPv ROLE THAT -EXICO HASTAKENINTHE5.(UMAN2IGHTS#OUNCILMOST IMPORTANTLYDURINGTHETIMEINWHICH-EXICOWAS INTHEPRESIDENCY !RBOUREXPRESSEDCONCERNSTO 0RESIDENT #ALDERØN ABOUT THE HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION REFERRING TO HER MEETINGS WITH SEVERAL ORGANIZATIONSFROMCIVILSOCIETY3HEPOINTEDOUT THE DANGER GENERATED FOR HUMAN RIGHTS WHEN ARMED FORCES PARTICIPATE IN PUBLIC SECURITY TASKS EVEN IF IT IS JUSTIFIED BY THE FIGHT AGAINST DRUG TRAFFICKING  AND ASSERTED THAT THE FIGHT AGAINST IMPUNITYISTHEBIGGESTCHALLENGEFORTHECOUNTRY 3HE ALSO POINTED OUT THE CASES OF FEMICIDES IN #IUDAD *UAREZ THE SCARCE ADVANCES IN CLARIFYING THECASESOFDISAPPEARANCESDURINGTHE$IRTY7AR AND THE INCREASING DANGER TO FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION DUETOTHEEXCESSIVECONCENTRATIONOF THE MEDIA IN THE HANDS OF VERY FEW 2EGARDING REFORMS TO THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM RECENTLY APPROVEDBYTHEFEDERAL#ONGRESS SHEINSISTEDON THEIMPORTANCEOFMAINTAININGANOPENDIALOGTO ENSURE THAT HUMAN RIGHTS ARE PROTECTED 3HE POINTEDOUTTHEDANGEROFINCLUDINGTHEPRACTICE OF hARRAIGOv IN THESE REFORMS A PRACTICE THAT CAN BECONVERTEDINTOARBITRARYDETENTIONBEFORETHE VICTIMFACESATRIAL &ELIPE #ALDERØN DEFENDED THE PRESENCE OF THE ARMY IN PUBLIC SECURITY EFFORTS WHILE HE ALSO STATED THAT THE ARMY|S PRESENCE WILL BE hSUPPLEMENTARYv AND SPORADIC !CCORDING TO &ELIPE #ALDERØN ORGANIZED CRIME REPRESENTS THE BIGGEST THREAT TO -EXICAN CITIZENS AND SECURITY CONTINUESTOBEAPRIORITYFORTHISADMINISTRATION (EALSOPOINTEDOUTGOVERNMENTALINITIATIVESSUCH AS THE CREATION OF THE 'ENERAL $IRECTION FOR (UMAN 2IGHTS IN THE $EPARTMENT FOR .ATIONAL $EFENSE THE3PECIAL0ROSECUTORFOR#RIMESRELATED TO !CTS OF 6IOLENCE AGAINST 7OMEN AND THE .ATIONAL #OMMISSION FOR THE $EVELOPMENT OF )NDIGENOUS 0EOPLE ALL OF WHICH HAVE BEEN CREATEDTOIMPROVETHEHUMANRIGHTSSITUATIONIN

!BEL "ARRERA $IRECTOR OF 4LACHINOLLAN PRESENTS TESTIMONIES FROM ORGANIZATIONS IN 'UERRERO TO ,OUISE !RBOUR 0HOTO0")

-EXICO ASWELLASTHECONTINUOUSSUPPORTGIVEN TOTHE.ATIONAL(UMAN2IGHTS#OMMISSION $URING HER STAY IN -EXICO THE ONLY STATE ,OUISE !RBOURVISITEDOUTSIDE-EXICO#ITYWAS'UERRERO /N&EBRUARYSHETRAVELEDTOTHEMUNICIPALITYOF (UAMUXTITLÉNINTHE-ONTA×AREGION WHERESHE COLLECTED TESTIMONIES FROM CASES THAT REPRESENT DIFFERENT HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN THE STATE 4HESECASESINCLUDED6ALENTINA2OSENDO#ANTÞ A -E|PHAA INDIGNEOUS WOMAN WHO HAS DENOUNCED SEXUAL ASSAULT BEFORE THE )NTER !MERICAN#OMMISSIONON(UMAN2IGHTSBY MEMBERSOFTHEARMYTHE#%#/0 THEOPPOSITION MOVEMENT TO THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE HYDROELECTRIC DAM ,A 0AROTA THE 2EGIONAL #OUNCILFORTHE$EVELOPMENTOFTHE)NDIGENOUS -E|PHAA 0EOPLE OF THE "ATHAA ,INGUISTIC 6ARIETY WHO DEFEND THE RIGHT TO BILINGUAL EDUCATION IN  COMMUNITIES n THEY EXPLAINED THATTHERESPONSEFROMTHEGOVERNMENTHASBEEN  ARREST WARRANTS AGAINST MEMBERS OF THE ORGANIZATION THE /RGANIZATION OF )NDIGENOUS -E|PHAA0EOPLE/0)- WHODEMANDEDRESPECT FOR INDIGENOUS PEOPLE AND AN END TO THE hEXTERMINATION STRATEGYv FROM THE MILITARY THE CASEOFTHE.ASAVICOMMUNITY-INI.UMA WHO HAS REPORTED THE LACK OF MEDICAL AND SANITATION ATTENTIONINTHECOMMUNITY ANDREPORTEDDEATHS DUE TO COMMON SICKNESSES THE  INDIGENOUS MEN THAT REPORT BEING FORCIBLY STERILIZED IN THE COMMUNITY%L#AMALOTETHE#OMMUNITY0OLICE WHO STATE THAT THE GOVERNMENT DOES NOT RECOGNIZETHE3YSTEMFOR*USTICEAND#OMMUNITY

3ECURITY THAT THEY ESTABLISHED IN THEIR COMMUNITIES  YEARS AGO AND THE COMMUNITY RADIO 2ADIO ™OMNDAA IN THE !MUZGO MUNICIPALITYOF8OCHISTLAHUACA WHOSESTAFFHAVE BEEN HARASSED FOR DEFENDING COMMUNICATION BETWEENPEOPLETHROUGHTHEIRCOMMUNITYRADIO )N THE STATE CAPITAL #HILPANCINGO THE (IGH #OMMISSIONER MET WITH THE #OORDINATING #OMMITTEE FOR !NALYSIS AND 0ARTICIPATION IN (UMAN2IGHTS WHICHISINCHARGEOFELABORATING ONE OF THE FIRST STATE DIAGNOSES ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION 2EPRESENTATIVES FROM THE EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE AND JUDICIAL BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT THE 3TATE #OMMISSION FOR THE $EFENSE OF (UMAN 2IGHTS PUBLIC AND PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES THE 5NIT FOR THE $EFENSE AND 0ROMOTION OF (UMAN 2IGHTS FROM THE $EPARTMENT OF THE )NTERIOR AND HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONSFROMCIVILSOCIETYWILLPARTICIPATEIN THE DIAGNOSIS UNDER THE OBSERVATION OF THE /#(#(2 0") WAS PRESENT IN THE MEETING WITH ,OUISE !RBOUR IN (UAMUXTITLÉN AND ACCOMPANIED THE /RGANIZATIONOF)NDIGENOUS-E|PHAAPEOPLE

   

,A*ORNADA &EBRUARY  2EFORMA &EBRUARY  ,A*ORNADA &EBRUARY  4LACHINOLLAN(UMAN2IGHTS#ENTER )NDIGENOUSPEOPLE FROMTHE-ONTA×AOF'UERREROMEETWITH5.(IGH #OMMISSIONER &EBRUARY   #OMMITTEEWEBPAGE WWWDIAGNOSTICO GUERRERO MEXICOORGMX




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2IGHTSOFTHE)NDIGENOUS0OPULATIONAND0ROPOSALSFOR!UTONOMY 3TERILIZED)NDIGENOUS0EOPLE$EMAND#OMPLIANCEWITHTHE#.$(S2ECOMMENDATIONS )NAND INDIGENOUS-E|PHAAPEOPLEFROM%L#AMALOTEACOMMUNITYINTHE#OSTA#HICAREGIONOF'UERRERO WERESTERILIZEDBYTHE(EALTH $EPARTMENTINEXCHANGEFORSOCIALBENEFITSFORTHEIRCOMMUNITY  4HE AFFECTED INDIVIDUALS BELONG TO THE /RGANIZATION OF )NDIGENOUS -E|PHAA 0EOPLE /0)- ANDHAVEFILEDCOMPLAINTSABOUTTHISCASE WITH THE 3TATE #OMMISSION FOR THE $EFENSE OF (UMAN 2IGHTS IN 'UERRERO #ODDEHUM  4HE #ODDEHUM EMITTED A RECOMMENDATION TO THE GOVERNMENT LEDBY2ENÏ*UÉREZ#ISNEROS IN 4HIS RECOMMENDATION WAS REJECTED )N  THE .ATIONAL (UMAN 2IGHTS #OMMISSION #.$( EMITTEDANEWRECOMMENDATION REAFFIRMINGWHAT THE #ODDEHUM HAD ALREADY SUSTAINED 4HIS RECOMMENDATION WAS BASED ON THE -EXICAN #ONSTITUTION THE )NTERNATIONAL ,ABOR /RGANIZATIONS#ONVENTION#ONCERNING)NDIGENOUS AND4RIBAL0EOPLES AND-EXICANNORMSTHATSTATE THAT INDIGENOUS PEOPLE HAVE THE RIGHT TO MAKE CHOICESABOUTTHEIRSEXUALREPRODUCTIVERIGHTS4HE #.$( EXPRESSED CONCERN ABOUT THE RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN 'UERRERO AND ASKED :EFERINO 4ORREBLANCA|S GOVERNMENT TO TAKE RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE CASE ADOPT THE NECESSARY MEASURES TO ENSURE A PROPER INVESTIGATION AND PROVIDE REPARATIONSOFTWOHUNDREDTHOUSANDPESOSABOUT TWENTYTHOUSANDDOLLARS TOEACHAFFECTEDINDIVIDUAL

4HE4LACHINOLLAN(UMAN2IGHTS#ENTERSTATESTHAT THECONSENTOFTHEINDIGENOUSPEOPLEINORDERTO BEOPERATEDONWASMANIPULATEDINEXCHANGEFOR SOCIALBENEFITSTHISISNOThINFORMEDCONSENTvBUT IS INSTEAD hUNINFORMED CONSENTv 4HE CURRENT (EALTH 3ECRETARY ,UÓS "ARRERA 2ÓOS CONTINUES TO DEFEND THE ARGUMENT THAT THE INDIVIDUALS WERE COMPLETELY AWARE OF THE OPERATION hWE HAVE CONFIRMED THAT THEY UNDERSTAND AND SPEAK 3PANISHv 4HE (EALTH $EPARTMENT ESTABLISHED REPARATIONS THAT WERE LESS THAN WHAT WAS ALLOTTED IN THE RECOMMENDATION4HESEREPARATIONSWEREREJECTED BYTHEVICTIMS 7HILE THE ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESS AGAINST THOSE RESPONSIBLE REMAINS OPEN THE GOVERNMENT CONTINUES TO ARGUE THAT hANY ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESS SHOULD BE GIVEN TIME TO BE APPLIED COMPLAINTSABOUTTHISRECOMMENDATIONHAVEBEEN MADE AT THE WRONG TIMEv :EFERINO 4ORREBLANCA HAD ALREADY STATED THAT hHIS GOVERNMENTS OBLIGATIONSAREONLYMORALANDNOTLEGALv

4HE /0)- AND 4LACHINOLLAN DEMAND THAT THE GOVERNMENT COMPLY WITH THE #.$({S RECOMMENDATION WHICH INCLUDES ADEQUATE HOUSING FOR THE PEOPLE IN %L #AMALOTE AND THE CONSTRUCTIONOFANAPPROPRIATELYEQUIPPEDHEALTH CENTER !CCORDING TO !BEL "ARRERA $IRECTOR OF 4LACHINOLLAN THISCASEhISANOTHERSIGNOFTHEWAY INWHICHTHENEWGOVERNMENTCONTINUESTOTREAT THEINDIGENOUSPOPULATION WITHDISCRIMINATION DESPOTISM AND A LACK OF INTEREST ;= %VERYTHING WASFORGOTTEN WITHTHEIDEATHATIFTHEPEOPLEARE ILLITERATE THEY WILL NOT REMEMBER AND HAVE NO DIGNITYv

 4LACHINOLLAN(UMAN2IGHTS#ENTER 3TERILIZED)NDIGENOUS -ENDEMAND#OMPLIANCEWITH#.$(2ECOMMENDATION *ANUARY   )DEM  ,A*ORNADA'UERRERO -ARCH   )DEM  %L3UR *ANUARY   4LACHINOLLAN(UMAN2IGHTS#ENTER )N STANDSTILLAND REGRESSIONINTHEHUMANRIGHTSFIELD *ANUARY 

)MPUNITYAND!CCESSTO*USTICE 4HE)!#(23ENDS2OSENDO2ADILLA|S#ASETOTHE)NTER !MERICAN#OURTOF(UMAN2IGHTS )NTHEMOSTRECENT"ULLETIN.UMBER WESPOKEOFTHECASESOFHUMANRIGHTSVIOLATIONSIN'UERREROTHATARECURRENTLYUNDERREVIEWBYTHE)NTER !MERICAN#OMMISSION ON(UMAN2IGHTS)!#(2 /NEOFTHESEWASTHATOFTHEFORCEDDISAPPEARANCEOF2OSENDO2ADILLA0ACHECO COMMUNITYLEADERANDMUNICIPALPRESIDENTOF!TOYACDE £LVAREZDURINGTHE|S!FTERBEINGDETAINEDINBYTHEMILITARY HEWASSEENFORTHELASTTIMEINTHEMILITARYBARRACKSIN!TOYAC(ISDAUGHTER 4ITA2ADILLA VICE PRESIDENTOF!&!$%- TOOKHISCASETO-EXICANJUDICIALAUTHORITIESANDWASUNSUCCESSFULUNTILTHECASEWASADMITTEDBYTHE)!#(2.OW AFTERYEARSOFIMPUNITY -EXICOWILLBEJUDGEDBYTHE)NTER !MERICAN#OURTOF(UMAN2IGHTSFORTHEFIRSTTIMEONCRIMESOFTHEPAST

/N *ANUARY  THE .ATIONAL !TTORNEY 'ENERAL|S /FFICE 0'2 ANNOUNCED WITHOUT PRIOR NOTIFICATION THAT IT WOULD BEGIN SCANNING THE LAND IN SEVERAL AREAS WHERE THE TOWN HALL IN !TOYAC IS CURRENTLY LOCATED AND WHERE THE MILITARYBARRACKSWEREONCELOCATED TOSEARCHFOR IRREGULARITIES IN THE SOIL THAT WOULD INDICATE THE EXISTENCE OF HIDDEN GRAVES THAT COULD CONTAIN THE REMAINS OF THE DISAPPEARED AMONG THESE 2OSENDO 2ADILLA 4HE INVESTIGATION BEGAN ON &EBRUARY  AND  AND FAMILY MEMBERS FROM !&!$%- THE -EXICAN #OMMISSION FOR THE $EFENSE AND 0ROMOTION OF (UMAN 2IGHTS #-$0$( AND TWO INDEPENDENT FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGISTSWEREPRESENT&ORTHEFAMILIES THE SCAN IS AN ACCOMPLISHMENT IN THEIR  YEAR STRUGGLETOFINDTHEWHEREABOUTSOFTHEIRFAMILY MEMBERS (OWEVER THERE ARE MANY QUESTIONS ABOUT THE POLITICAL WILL OF THE GOVERNMENT TO INVESTIGATETHESECRIMESANDCOMBATTHEFORCED DISAPPEARANCESOFTODAY ASWASEXPRESSEDINTHE .ATIONAL 0OPULAR 4RIAL IN !CAPULCO ON &EBRUARY  ANDINANACTBYTHE'UERRERO&RONTAGAINST



2EPRESSIONAND)MPUNITYON-ARCH )NAPRESSRELEASE THE)!#(2ANNOUNCEDTHATON -ARCH  THIS ENTITY FILED A COMPLAINT AGAINST -EXICOWITHTHE)NTER !MERICAN#OURTINTHECASE OF 2OSENDO 2ADILLA DUE TO THE hLACK OF CLARIFICATION AS TO HIS WHEREABOUTS THE STATE OF IMPUNITYSURROUNDINGTHEFACTS ANDTHELACKOF REPARATIONS TO MEMBERS OF HIS FAMILY FOR DAMAGES INCURRED AS A RESULT OF THE LOSS OF SOMEONE WHO WAS DEAR TO THEM AND THE PROLONGEDDENIALOFJUSTICEv!CCORDINGTOTHE )!#(2 -EXICO DID NOT COMPLY WITH RECOMMENDATIONS DETAILED IN THE REPORT APPROVEDBYTHE)!#(2IN!UGUST DESPITE THE FACT THAT THE RESULTS FROM THE SCAN SHOWED IRREGULARITIES IN THE TERRITORY THAT COULD INDICATE THE EXISTENCE OF GRAVES &OR !&!$%- THIS DECISION HAS SYMBOLIC VALUE FOR THE  OTHER CASES OF FORCED DISAPPEARANCE REGISTERED IN !TOYAC AND FOR THEIR DEMANDS FOR TRUTH AND JUSTICE 4HEY HOPE THAT THE INVESTIGATIONS CONTINUEINDEPENDENTOFTHE#OURT|SDECISION

3CANNINGOFTHETERRITORYWHERETHE-UNICIPAL4OWN(ALL IN!TOYACISLOCATED0HOTO0")  %L3UR &EBRUARYAND   ,A*ORNADA'UERRERO &EBRUARY AND%L3UR -ARCH   )!#(2 0RESS2ELEASENUMBER !PRIL   %L3UR -ARCH   0ROCESO -ARCH  P


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LOGGING AND THE LACK OF TEACHERS SCHOOLS DOCTORS ANDHOSPITALS(OWEVER SOMEPEOPLE REPORTED THAT THIS ANNOUNCEMENT WAS SUSPICIOUS AND HAVE INTERPRETED THIS ACT AS A STATE MANEUVER TO JUSTIFY FUTURE ACTIONS BY SECURITYFORCESINTHEREGION

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0RODESCgSLEGALWORKTODEFENDCOLLECTIVERIGHTSIS ACCOMPANIED BY WORK TO STRENGTHEN ORGANIZING PROCESSES COMBINED WITH POLITICAL AND MEDIA IMPACT STRATEGIES 0RODESC HAS ALSO WORKED TO INVOLVE COMMUNITY STATE FEDERAL AND INTERNATIONAL ACTORS TO GENERATE SUPPORT FOR ITS WORKANDMAKEITMOREEFFECTIVE i/UR SUBJECTS ARE ALWAYS COMMUNITIES OR FARMING SETTLEMENTSORGROUPSOFWORKERS SUCHASUNIONSOR COALITIONS THIS IS THE ONLY WAY TO TALK ABOUT COLLECTIVE RIGHTS WORK 7E WORK ON LABOR RIGHTS MIGRATION RIGHT TO THE LAND TERRITORY AND NATURAL RESOURCES WITH THE PERSPECTIVE OF WORKING WITH COMMUNITIES THEGOVERNMENTANDCOMPANIESw (UMAN2IGHTSANDTHE%XTRACTION)NDUSTRY )N $URANGO 0RODESC ACCOMPANIES LANDOWNERS FROMLA3IERRITA INTHEMUNICIPALITYOF4LAHUALILO IN THEIR NEGOTIATIONS WITH -INERA %XCELLON -EXICO A SUBSIDIARY OF THE #ANADIAN COMPANY %XCELON2ESOURCES)NC$URINGTHELASTTHREEYEARS THE MINING COMPANY CARRIED OUT EXPLORATION ACTIVITIESONLANDRENTEDATAVERYLOWPRICE ANDIN  THE COMPANY WANTED TO BUY ABOUT   HECTARES TO EXPLOIT THE SUBSOIL RESOURCES 7HILE LANDOWNERS WERE AGAINST SELLING THE LAND THEY WEREOPENTONEGOTIATINGARENTALFEE(OWEVER THELACKOFVALIDNEGOTIATIONSLEDTHEMTOGOON STRIKE!FTERDAYSONSTRIKE THEYWEREABLETO ESTABLISH A NEGOTIATING TABLE WITH THE #ANADIAN VICE PRESIDENTOFTHECOMPANY4HERESULTWASAN AGREEMENT SIGNED ON -ARCH  THAT INCLUDED



LANDRENTALATAFAVORABLEPRICE THECREATIONOFA FUND FOR PUBLIC WORKS SERVICES AND PROJECTS THAT PROVIDE SOCIAL BENEFITS CONCESSIONS TO LANDOWNERS FOR TRANSPORTING WORKERS A DINING HALL A SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM AND A WATER TREATMENTPLANTFORAGRICULTURALUSE ,ABOR2IGHTS ,ASTYEARTHECASEOF#ARRIZALILLOWASWELL KNOWNIN 'UERRERO ,ANDOWNERS ORGANIZED THEMSELVES AGAINST ,UISMIN A COMPANY THAT IS PART OF THE #ANADIAN GOLD EXTRACTION COMPANY 'OLD #ORP ANDFOUGHTFORTHERIGHTTOEXERCISETHEIRRIGHTSTO LANDANDTERRITORY3OMEWORKERSFROMTHE,OS &ILOS n %L "ERMEJAL MINE BEGAN TO ORGANIZE THEMSELVES WITH THE SUPPORT OF 0RODESC !FTER A TECHNICALSTRIKETHATLASTEDHOURS THECOMPANY DECIDEDTONEGOTIATE i.OWTHEYHAVEWORKCONDITIONSTHATAREABOVETHE NATIONAL AVERAGE AND THEY HAVE THE POSSIBILITY OF DOINGPREVENTATIVEWORK7HENWESAYTHATWEHAVE A GROUP OF WORKERS WHO ARE INFORMED AND ORGANIZED WE MEAN THAT THEY CAN EXERCISE THEIR COLLECTIVE RIGHTS IN AN INDUSTRY THAT CAN BE TREMENDOUS 4HERE IS AN ORGANIZING PROCESS HERE THAT PREVENTS SERIOUS VIOLATIONS OF THEIR COLLECTIVE RIGHTS ENSURES SATISFACTORY WORK CONDITIONS EMPLOYMENT STABILITY GENDER EQUALITY AND COLLECTIVECONTRACTS4HISALSOHASACLEARANDEVIDENT REPERCUSSION NOT ONLY ON THE WORKERS BUT ALSO ON FAMILYANDCOMMUNITYLIFEw

i7E ARE TALKING ABOUT LAND THAT IS NO LONGER PRODUCTIVE DUE TO THE EFFECTS OF THE &REE 4RADE !GREEMENT 4HE PEOPLE ONCE USED THE LAND FOR DEVELOPING THEIR COMMUNITIES AND FOR LOCAL DEVELOPMENT BUTTHEYNOLONGERHAVETHERESOURCES NEEDEDTOINVESTINTHISLANDSOTHATTHECOUNTRYSIDE CAN BE PRODUCTIVE 4HE TRANSNATIONAL COMPANY COMES IN AND IS SEEN AS A WAY TO RECUPERATE THE POSSIBILITY OF REMAINING IN THEIR COMMUNITIES IN COMMUNITIES THAT ARE SUBJECT TO MIGRATION 7ITH THESE TRANSNATIONAL COMPANIES COMMUNITIES NOW HAVETHEPOSSIBILITYOFMAKINGTHISLANDPRODUCTIVE -ANYWORKERSHAVETHISPOSSIBILITYANDHAVEDECIDED TORETURNTOTHEIRCOMMUNITIESw 4HIS IS ALSO DUE TO THE PRECEDENT ACHIEVED WITH ,UISMIN IN #ARRIZALILLO IN WHICH THE WORK CONDITIONSTHATWEREATTAINEDAREBETTERTHANTHE CONDITIONSOFIMMIGRANTSINTHE53 4HE%NVIRONMENTAL)MPACT i7E HAVE BEEN CAREFUL TO DO THE WORK WITH THE ENVIRONMENTINMIND.OCONTRACTISSIGNEDIFTHEREIS NOCOMPENSATIONFORTHEENVIRONMENT0ARTOFWHAT WE HAVE ACHIEVED IS THE COMMITMENT THAT ALL PROJECTS HAVE TO COMPLY WITH STANDARDS TO PROTECT THEENVIRONMENT4HEPROBLEMISNOTTHESTANDARDS THE PROBLEM IS THAT THE COMPANIES DO NOT COMPLY WITHTHESTANDARDSw #OMPANIES TEND TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF POVERTY AND MARGINALIZATION IN ORDER TO WORK IN A REGION 3TATE GOVERNMENTS PROVIDE CONCESSIONS FOR THE EXPLOITATION OF THE SUBSOIL BUT THEY DO NOT ENSURE THAT COMPANIES COMPLY WITH CONSULTATION MECHANISMSWITHCOMMUNITIESANDLANDOWNERS AND WITHENVIRONMENTALSTANDARDSANDLABORLEGISLATION i4HE STATES HAVE ORDERS TO BE COMPLETELY OPEN TO INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT !LL FACILITIES SHOULD BE GIVEN SO THAT COMPANIES CAN COME IN AND EXPLOIT LABOR AND NATURAL RESOURCES 7E HAVE MAINTAINED PROCESSES WITH THE COMMUNITIES WITH FEDERAL AND INTERNATIONAL ACCOMPANIMENT AND WE HAVE MADE THE GOVERNMENT GET INVOLVED AND COMPLY WITH LEGISLATIONANDWORKERSRIGHTSw


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)NTERVIEWSWITHNON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS ACADEMICS ANDTHE CHURCH )NTERNATIONAL -ISEREOR'LOBAL%XCHANGE)NTERNATIONAL3ERVICEFOR 0EACE 3)0!:  'ERMAN #OORDINATION FOR (UMAN 2IGHTS IN -EXICO +ONRAD !DENAUER &OUNDATION -EXICO#ITY -EXICAN#OMMISSIONFORTHE$EFENSEAND0ROMOTION OF(UMAN2IGHTS-EXICAN,EAGUEFORTHE$EFENSEOF (UMAN2IGHTS,IMEDDH )NFANCIA#OMÞN "OCADE 0OLÏN !CCESSFOR#OMMUNITY$EVELOPMENT!DECO  !RTÓCLE.ATIONAL#ENTERFOR3OCIAL#OMMUNICATION 3IN &RONTERAS %CONOMIC 3OCIAL AND #ULTURAL 2IGHTS 0ROJECT 'UERRERO h4LACHINOLLANv (UMAN 2IGHTS #ENTER !SSOCIATION OF 2ELATIVES OF THE $ETAINED $ISAPPEARED AND 6ICTIMS OF (UMAN 2IGHTS !BUSES IN -EXICO !&!$%-  'UERRERO (UMAN 2IGHTS .ETWORK h*OSÏ -ARÓA -ORELOS Y 0AVØNv 2EGIONAL (UMAN 2IGHTS #ENTER #OLLECTIVE AGAINST 4ORTURE AND )MPUNITY ##4)  /AXACA .OVEMBER TH #OMMITTEE h"ARTOLOMÏ #ARRASCO "ISE×Ov 2EGIONAL (UMAN 2IGHTS #ENTER "!2#!  #ENTER FOR #OMMUNITY 3UPPORT 7ORKING 4OGETHER #!#453  (IDALGO (UMAN 2IGHTS #OMMITTEE OF THE (UASTECA AND 3IERRA /RIENTAL #/$((3/ 

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0")-EXICOATTHE5NITED .ATIONS(UMAN2IGHTS #OUNCIL -ARIELLE 4ONOSSI AND 3USANA .ISTAL REPRESENTING 0") -EXICO PARTICIPATED IN A SERIES OF MEETINGS IN -ARCH  IN THE 5NITED.ATIONS(UMAN2IGHTS#OUNCIL AND MET WITH DIVERSE HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONSTHATWORKIN'ENEVA 4HE DUAL GOAL OF THE MEETINGS WAS TO PRESENT HUMAN RIGHTS PROBLEMS FACED BY ORGANIZATIONS ACCOMPANIED BY 0") AND TO EXPLORE POSSIBLE MECHANISMS WITH 5NITED .ATIONS ENTITIES IN 'ENEVA TO WORK FOR POSITIVECHANGE )NTHISTOUR0")-EXICOMETWITHPERMANENT DELEGATIONS FROM -EXICO AND 3WITZERLAND IN THE 5NITED .ATIONS AND EXCHANGED INFORMATION WITH REPRESENTATIVES FROM ENTITIES SUCH AS THE /FFICE OF THE (IGH #OMMISSIONER FOR (UMAN 2IGHTS THE 3PECIAL2APPORTEURON)NDIGENOUS0EOPLES AND THE 7ORKING 'ROUP ON %NFORCED OR )NVOLUNTARY $ISAPPEARANCES 0") ALSO SOUGHT POSSIBLE COLLABORATION WITH OTHER NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS THAT DO ADVOCACY WORK IN 'ENEVA SUCH AS THE !SSOCIATION FOR THE 0REVENTION OF 4ORTURE 'ENEVAFOR(UMAN2IGHTS THE)NTERNATIONAL *URIST #OMMISSION 0ROMOTING (UMAN 2IGHTS AND $OMINICANS FOR 0EACE AND *USTICE ,OOKING TOWARDS THE FUTURE 0") -EXICO IS WORKING TO PROVIDE INFORMATION TO THE HUMANRIGHTSENTITIESOFTHE5NITED.ATIONS ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS SUFFERED BY THOSE ORGANIZATIONS THAT RECEIVE 0") ACCOMPANIMENT!TTHESAMETIME THEREIS THE POSSIBILITY OF COLLABORATING WITH INTERNATIONAL NETWORKS THAT WORK ON THE DEFENSEANDPROMOTIONOFTHERIGHTSOFTHE INDIGENOUS POPULATION THE ERADICATION OF FORCED DISAPPEARANCES AND THE PROTECTION OFHUMANRIGHTSDEFENDERS -ARIELLE 4ONOSSI AND 3USANA .ISTAL WERE RECEIVED WITH GREAT INTEREST FOR 0")gS WORK IN -EXICO )N ALL MEETINGS THERE WAS AN OVERALL CONCERN ABOUT THE HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION IN -EXICO AND AN INTEREST IN PROVIDINGGREATERVISIBILITYTOTHEPROBLEMS IN -EXICO SO THAT 5. ENTITIES ARE MORE EFFECTIVEINADDRESSINGTHESEPROBLEMS



#AROLA (AUSOTTER FROM THE 'ERMAN #OORDINATION VISITS WITH 4ITA 2ADILLA FROM !FADEM AND /BTILIA %UGENIO -ANUEL #UAUHTÏMOC2AMÓREZ2ODRÓGUEZAND/RLANDO-ANZANARESFROMTHE/0)-

0EACE"RIGADES)NTERNATIONAL 0")ISANON GOVERNMENTALORGANIZATIONTHAT UPON REQUEST MAINTAINS INTERNATIONAL ACCOMPANIMENTTEAMSINCONFLICTAREAS4HE ORGANIZATIONS OBJECTIVE IS THE PROTECTION OF THE POLITICAL SPACE FOR INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS THAT PROMOTE HUMAN RIGHTS AND WHICH IN TURN ARE UNDER THREAT OF PERSECUTION AND REPRESSION AS A CONSEQUENCE OF THEIR WORK )NTERNATIONAL ACCOMPANIMENT IS IN THIS WAY A CONFLICT TRANSFORMATION TOOL THROUGH WHICH THIRD PARTIES CAN CONTRIBUTE IN CREATING THE CONDITIONS NECESSARY TO RESOLVE A CONFLICT PEACEFULLY !T NO TIME DOES 0") ATTEMPT TO REPLACE-EXICANINITIATIVESTHATPROMOTETHE RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS BUT RATHER LIMITS ITSELFTOSUPPORTINGSUCHINITIATIVESWITHTHE PRESENCE OF INTERNATIONAL ACCOMPANIMENT VOLUNTEERS 4O ACHIEVE THIS GOAL 0") TEAMS WORK IN COUNTRY ACCOMPANYING THOSE PEOPLE OR ORGANIZATIONS UNDER THREAT MAKING PERIODIC VISITS TO CONFLICT ZONES DISTRIBUTING INFORMATION ON THE CONFLICTS DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTAINING DIALOGUE WITHCIVILANDMILITARYAUTHORITIESINANEFFORT TORAISEINTERNATIONALAWARENESS

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Bulletin 24 - April 2008  

Notes on the Current Situation – Louise Arbour visits Mexico – Sterilized indigenous people demand Compliance with the CNDH´s Recommendation...

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