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0EACE "RIGADES )NTERNATIONAL "ULLETINFORTHE0")-EXICO0ROJECT

IN-ÏXICO .O8)83EPTEMBER

.OTESONTHE #URRENT3ITUATION 0ABLO!LVARADO &LORESRELEASED 4HE#EREZOSRECEIVE DEATHTHREATS )NTERVIEWWITH/BTILIA %UGENIO-ANUELFROM THE/RGANIZATIONOFTHE )NDIGENOUS0EOPLE -EPHAA 2ADIO™OMNDAA 4HEFIRSTCOMMUNITY RADIOSTATIONIN'UERRERO 4HE/RGANIZATION OF7OMEN%COLOGISTS OFTHE3IERRADE0ETATLÉN CONTINUESTOGROW #IVILIAN/BSERVATION -ISSIONIN/AXACA

A BRIENDOESPACIOSPARALAPAZ


"ULLETINFORTHE0")-EXICO0ROJECT

.OTESONTHE#URRENT3ITUATION !NNIVERSARY OF CIVIL RESISTANCE AGAINST THEDAMh,A0AROTAv *ULY WASTHETHREEYEARANNIVERSARYOFTHE CIVIL RESISTANCE MOVEMENT AGAINST THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE HYDROELECTIRIC PROJECT ,A 0AROTA$URINGTHECELEBRATION ORGANIZEDIN!GUA #ALIENTE BY THE #OUNCIL OF %JIDOS AND #OMMUNITIES/PPOSEDTO,A0AROTA#%#/0 THE ATTORNEY FOR THE OPPOSITION MOVEMENT 6IDULFO -ORALESFROMTHE#ENTERFOR(UMAN2IGHTSDELA -ONTA×A h4LACHINOLLANv INDICATED THAT WHILE COURT CASES ARE A TOOL hTHE CIVIL RESISTANCE MOVEMENT OF THE COMMUNITIES IS LEGITIMATE WHEN FACEDWITHTHEILLEGALCONDUCTOFTHECOURTSv !LETTERPROCLAIMINGSOLIDARITYFROMTHE%MERITUS "ISHOPOF3AN#RISTØBALDE,AS#ASAS 3AMUEL2UIZ 'ARCIA WASREAD4HELETTEREMPHASIZEDTHATTHE COMMUNITIES hHAVE WITNESSED A GROWING NATIONAL ANDINTERNATIONALSOLIDARITYTHATHASBEENGIVENAND RECEIVEDINMANYWAYS FROMACTIVITIESDEVELOPEDBY THECOORDINATORSOF#%#/0 WHICHHAVEINFLUENCED HISTORY FROM THE RESISTANCE AND SURVIVAL OF THEIR SMALL COMMUNITIES AND FROM THEIR LOCAL CHURCHES AND ORGANIZED GROUPS THAT MAINTAIN A GENUINE OPTIONFORLIFEv $URING THE CELEBRATION AT WHICH MORE THAN  PEOPLE ATTENDED SPOKESMAN &ELIPE &LORES REMINDED PEOPLE THAT ON *ULY  THE!RROYO6ERDE 'ARRAPATASAND3AN*OSÏ COMMUNITIES SET UP THE FIRST SIT IN IN %L &RAILE TO OPPOSETHE0AROTAPROJECT

5. RAPPORTEUR 2ODOLFO 3TAVENHAGEN VISITS'UERRERO 4HE5.3PECIAL2APPORTEURONTHESITUATIONOFTHE HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE 2ODOLFO 3TAVENHAGEN PARTICIPATED IN THE )NTERNATIONAL 3EMINAR ON (UMAN2IGHTSOF)NDIGENOUS0EOPLEINTHECITYOF )GUALA&OLLOWINGTHESEMINAR HEVISITEDDIFFERENT REGIONSOF'UERRERO /N !UGUST TH HE MET WITH COMMUNITY MEMBERSOPPOSINGTHEDAMh,A0AROTAv /N !UGUST TH IN 3AN ,UIS !CATLÉN HE ACKNOWLEDGED THAT THERE IS TACIT RECOGNITION OF THETOWNS#OMMUNITY0OLICEANDPROPOSEDTHAT THEY WORK VERY CLOSELY WITH LOCAL MEMBERS OF CONGRESSTOCREATEALAWWHICHRECOGNIZESTHEMAS THEY WERE CREATED hA LAW THAT IN ONE WAY OR ANOTHERGIVESOFFICIALSTATUSTOTHE#OMMUNITY0OLICE ANDINTEGRATESTHEMINTOEXISTINGJUDICIALSTRUCTURES ORALAWWHICHRESPONDSTOTHEPLANSANDNEEDSOF THE COMMUNITIES AND WHICH RECOGNIZES THE A UT O NO MY O F TH E COM MUN I T IE S IN J USTI CE ANDCRIMEPREVENTIONv

4HE3PECIAL2APPORTEURALSOMETWITHMEMBERSOF THE3ULJAA#OLLECTIVEIN2EBELLION8OCHISTLAHUACA WHO WORK AT THE ™OMNDAA COMMUNITY RADIO STATION,A0ALABRADEL!GUAn4HE7ORDOF7ATER WHOHAVEREPORTEDSUFFERINGCONSTANTHARASSMENT BY THE -EXICAN ARMY SINCE GOING ON AIR IN $ECEMBER  2ODOLFO 3TAVENHAGEN SAID h) DONT KNOW WHAT THE ARMY HAS TO DO WITH COMMUNITY RADIO THIS ALL SEEMS TO BE VERY PROBLEMATICTOMEANDCREATESAPICTUREOFHUMAN RIGHTSVIOLATIONSx v &INALLYON!UGUSTTH ADISCUSSIONWASHELDWITH MEMBERS OF THE 2EGIONAL #OORDINATION OF #OMMUNITY !UTHORITIES AND WITH INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF THE !YUTLA MUNICIPALITY WHO EXPOUNDEDDIVERSEHUMANRIGHTSABUSES/RLANDO -ANZANARES FROM THE COMMUNITY %L #AMALOTE SPOKEOFTHESTERILIZATIONOFINDIGENOUSPEOPLE IN HIS COMMUNITY IN !PRIL  !NDREA %UGENIO -ANUEL REPORTED THAT HER SISTER /BTILIA HAS RECEIVEDDEATHTHREATSFORSUPPORTINGINDIGENOUS PEOPLEWHOSEHUMANRIGHTSHAVEBEENVIOLATED AND ALSO SAID THAT IN THE 4LAPANECA ZONE WHERE SHELIVESTHE-EXICANARMYARRIVESANDESTABLISHES CAMPS STEALINGFROMTHEINDIGENOUSPEOPLEWHAT LITTLE FOOD THEY HAVE #UAUHTÏMOC 2AMÓREZ 2ODRÓGUEZ INDICATED THAT REPORTS HAVE BEEN LODGEDCOMPLAINTSHAVEBEENFILEDWITHBOTHTHE STATEANDFEDERALHUMANRIGHTSCOMMISSIONS BUT THATINMANYCASESTHEYDONOTRESPONDBECAUSE THEGOVERNMENTDOESNOTRECOGNIZETHATTHEARMY HASVIOLATEDHUMANRIGHTS

)NTERNATIONAL$AYOFTHE$ISAPPEARED /N!UGUST THE!SSOCIATIONOF2ELATIVESOF THE$ETAINED $ISAPPEAREDAND6ICTIMSOF(UMAN 2IGHTS !BUSES IN -EXICO !&!$%- COMMEMORATED THE .ATIONAL AND )NTERNATIONAL $AYOFTHE$ISAPPEAREDIN!TOYACDE£LVAREZAND IN !CAPULCO $URING THE FORUM ORGANIZED IN !TOYAC THEATTORNEYOFTHE02/$(#ENTER ,UISA 0ÏREZ SAID THAT FORCED DISAPPEARANCES HAVE CONTINUED TO PERSIST IN RECENT YEARS AS A CONSEQUENCE OF THE IMPUNITY IN CASES THAT OCCURREDINTHESEVENTIES4HATIMPUNITYHASLED TO NEW CASES OF DISAPPEARANCES 3HE SAID THAT REGARDING THE MILITARY THE 3PECIAL 0ROSECUTORS /FFICE FOR 3OCIAL AND 0OLITICAL -OVEMENTS OF THE 0AST hDID NOT TAKE ON THE RESPONSIBILITY TO PROSECUTE THE MILITARY SOMETHING THAT CAN BE DONEv -ARIO 3OLØRZANO SPEAKER FROM THE -EXICAN #OMMISSION FOR THE $EFENSE AND 0ROMOTIONOF(UMAN2IGHTSINDICATEDTHATONEOF THECASESEXPOUNDEDTOINTERNATIONALAUTHORITIES AFTER EXHAUSTING ALL INTERNAL AUTHORITIES WAS THE CASE OF 2OSENDO 2ADILLA FATHER OF THE VICE PRESIDENTOF!&!$%- 4ITA2ADILLA

0RESIDENTIAL%LECTIONS /N 3EPTEMBER TH THE &EDERAL %LECTORAL 4RIBUNAL APPROVED THE @2ELATIVE 2EPORT ON THE &INAL #ALCULATIONOFTHE%LECTIONOFTHE5NITED3TATESOF -EXICO AND THE $ECLARATION OF 6ALIDITY OF THE %LECTION AND THE 0RESIDENT %LECT DECLARING 0!. CANDIDATE&ELIPE#ALDERØN(INOJOSAPRESIDENT )N LIGHT OF THIS THE .ATIONAL #IVIL /RGANIZATIONS .ETWORK h4ODOS ,OS $ERECHOS 0ARA 4ODOSv 4$4 WHICHCOORDINATESHUMANRIGHTSORGANIZATIONS IN THE COUNTRY DECLARED THE FOLLOWING h0REVIOUSLY THE 4$4 .ETWORK PROPOSED THAT THE %LECTORAL 4RIBUNAL EXERCISE ITS POWERS TO GIVE CERTAINTYTOTHEELECTORALRESULTSAND INVIEWOFTHE CLOSERESULTSANDTHEDOUBTSTHATWEREHELDBYA SIGNIFICANT PORTION OF THE ELECTORATE THAT THERE SHOULDBEATOTALRECOUNTOFTHEVOTES WHICHDID NOT OCCUR x 4O GUARANTEE THE ACCURACY AND CONFIDENCEINTHEOUTCOME THE%LECTORAL4RIBUNAL HAD THE DUTY TO NOT LIMIT ITSELF TO THE MERE hSYMBOLIC APPLICATION OF RESOURCESv RATHER IT SHOULD HAVE INVESTIGATED hWHAT IMPLIES POSITIVE CONDUCT IN THE LEGISLATION AND TO PRACTICE THE NECESSARY DILIGENCE IN CLARIFYING THE DENOUNCED ANOMALIESv WHICH IT DID NOT DO THUS FAILING TO ACHIEVETHEOBLIGATIONSOFTHE3TATEINRELATIONTO POLITICAL RIGHTS 4HE REPORT APPROVED BY THE %LECTORAL 4RIBUNAL DESPITE DETERMINING THAT THE IMPACTOFTHEDIFFERENTIRREGULARITIESANDUNLAWFUL EVENTS IS UNKNOWN DOES NOT TAKE INTO ACCOUNT HOW CLOSE THE VOTE WAS  AND THE PROBABILITYOFAREALEFFECTONTHEELECTORALRESULTS .ATIONAL #IVIL /RGANIZATIONS .ETWORK h4ODOS ,OS $ERECHOS 0ARA 4ODOSv 4$4 LAMENTS THAT THE FAILURE OF THE &EDERAL %LECTORAL 4RIBUNAL HAS NOT GIVENTOTALCERTAINTYTO-EXICANCITIZENS7HATWE HAVE EXPERIENCED DURING THIS ELECTORAL PROCESS RAISES THE NEED FOR THE NEW LEGISLATURE TO TAKE IMMEDIATE MEASURES TO CARRY OUT REFORMS IN ELECTORAL MATTERS THAT WHOLLY GUARANTEE THE POLITICALRIGHTSOFALL-EXICANSv

        

!NEJIDOISACOOPERATIVEFARMINGCOMMUNITY %L3UR *ULY  %L3UR !UGUST  %L3UR !UGUST  %L3UR !UGUST  %L3UR !UGUST  %L3UR !UGUST  HTTPWWWREDTDTORGMXHOMEINDEX?HTM )NTER !MERICAN(UMAN2IGHTS#OMMISSION#ASE -EXICO

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"ULLETINFORTHE0")-EXICO0ROJECT

0ABLO!LVARADO&LORES2ELEASED )AMANINDIGENOUS.AHUATLANDDIDNOTKNOWMYRIGHTS4HANKSTOTHE#EREZOBROTHERSWHOEXPLAINEDTHEMTOME)BEGANTOUNDERSTANDWHATWASHAPPENING&ROMTHEBEGINNINGTHE#EREZO #OMMITTEEWASFORMEDBYFRIENDSANDFAMILYWHOTOOKONMYCASEANDBEGANTODENOUNCETHESITUATIONANDFIGHTFORMYFREEDOM GIVENTHAT)WASAVICTIMOFANUNJUSTDETENTIONANDFIVEYEARSOF IMPRISONMENT4HE#OMMITTEEMANAGEDTOTAKEMYCASEALONGWITHTHATOFTHEIRBROTHERS4HANKSTOTHEWORKOFTHE#OMMITTEEAMINIMUMPENALTYWASACHIEVED 0ABLO!LVARADO

0ABLO!LVARADO&LORESWASARRESTEDINHISHOUSE ON !UGUST   IN THE SAME OPERATION IN WHICH THE BROTHERS !LEJANDRO (ÏCTOR AND !NTONIO #EREZO #ONTRERAS WERE ARRESTED !T FIRST HIS ARREST SEEMED INEXPLICABLE TO HIM GIVEN THAT HIS MAIN OCCUPATION WAS SELLING CLOTHESINAMARKETINTHE3TATEOF-EXICO THAT HE DIDNT HAVE ANY PREVIOUS CRIMINAL RECORD ANDTHATHEWASNOTINVOLVEDINANYACTIVITIESOF A POLITICAL NATURE 3UBSEQUENTLY HE WAS INFORMED THAT HE WAS ACCUSED OF BEING AN ACCOMPLICETOTHE#EREZOBROTHERSINTHEATTACK ON THREE "ANAMEX BRANCHES IN -EXICO #ITY USINGSMALLEXPLOSIVEDEVICES(OWEVER 0ABLO DID NOT KNOW THE BROTHERS PRIOR TO HIS ARREST AND SAW THEM FOR THE FIRST TIME WHEN THEY ARRIVED AT THE INSTALLATIONS OF THE .ATIONAL !TTORNEY 'ENERALS /FFICE 0'2  -ONTHS LATER ALL OF THEM WERE SENTENCED FOR ORGANIZED CRIME 0ABLO !LVARADO WAS SENTENCED TO FIVE YEARS OF IMPRISONMENT AND THE THREE #EREZO BROTHERSTOSEVENANDAHALFYEARS!LLOFTHEM WERE EXONERATED OF THE ACCUSATIONS THAT RESULTEDINTHEIRARREST WHICHWASTHEPLANTING OF THE EXPLOSIVE DEVICES 0ABLO STATES THAT HIS ARRESTTOOKPLACETOJUSTIFYTHECRIMESFORWHICH THE BROTHERS !LEJANDRO (ÏCTOR AND !NTONIO WERE ACCUSED h4HIS CRIME CANT BE LEGALLY PROVED WITH PEOPLE WHO ARE OF THE SAME FAMILY SOTHEYNEEDEDANOUTSIDERTOKEEPTHE BROTHERSINPRISONLONGERv )N -ARCH  !LEJANDRO #EREZO WAS RELEASED FROMPRISONANDACQUITTEDOFALLCHARGES0ABLO SPENT FOUR YEARS AND ELEVEN MONTHS IN h%L !LTIPLANOvMAXIMUM SECURITYPRISONUNTIL*ULY  WHEN HE WAS TRANSFERRED FOR GOOD CONDUCT TO THE #EFERESO .UMBER  IN 4EPIC .AYARIT 4HIS PRISON IS LOCATED  KILOMETERS FROM -EXICO #ITY WHERE HIS FAMILY LIVES AND MEANT IT WAS IMPOSSIBLE FOR HIS FAMILY TO VISIT HIMDURINGHISLASTMONTHOFIMPRISONMENT /N THE DAY OF 0ABLOS RELEASE FROM PRISON !UGUSTTH THE#EREZO#OMMITTEEATTENDED HIS LIBERATION AND 0") ACCOMPANIED %MILIANA AND !LEJANDRO #EREZO TOGETHER WITH 9OLANDA -ARTÓNEZAND!ZUCENA!LVARADO-ARTÓNEZ WIFE AND DAUGHTER OF 0ABLO IN 4EPIC .AYARIT TO WELCOME HIM 4HE FOLLOWING DAY THERE WAS A MARCH IN 4EPIC ORGANIZED BY THE .AYARIT 3TUDENTS &EDERATION IN WHICH 0ABLO PARTICIPATED 4HE #EREZO #OMMITTEE ALSO UNDERTOOK VARIOUS ACTIVITIES IN -EXICO #ITY AMONG THEM A MARCH COMMEMORATING THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE #EREZO BROTHERS

IMPRISONMENT AND AFTERWARDS A PRESS CONFERENCE IN THE INSTALLATIONS OF THE h-IGUEL !GUSTÓN 0RO *UÉREZv (UMAN 2IGHTS #ENTER #URRENTLY 0ABLO IS LIVING WITH HIS FAMILY h.OW)MUSTSTARTFROMZEROAGAIN GIVENTHAT ITISNOTECONOMICALLYPOSSIBLETODOWHAT) WASDOINGBEFOREBEINGIMPRISONED&URTHER AHEAD)WILLSEEWHAT)CANDOv

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&RANCISCOAND%MILIANA#EREZO 2ECEIVE$EATH4HREATS /N 3EPTEMBER   &RANCISCO #EREZO #ONTRERASWASHOMEALONEWHENHERECEIVEDA DEATH THREAT VIA EMAIL ADDRESSED TO HIM AND SEPARATELY ADDRESSED TO %MILIANA AND THEIR BROTHERS IN PRISON 4HE TEXT OF THE EMAIL ADDRESSED TO HIM SAID h&2!.#)3#/ 4(% /,$%34"!34!2$)&(%#/.4).5%37)4(()3 4().'3 )43 '/).' 4/ '/ "!$,9 &/2 ()- 3).#% (% (!3 !,2%!$9 "%%. !,,/7%$ 4/ $/!,/4/&3450)$4().'3"544(!47),, 34/0)&(%,%!6%34()3#25%,7/2,$3/(% ./ ,/.'%2 (!3 4/ 35&&%2v 4HE STREET IN WHICH &RANCISCO AND OTHER MEMBERS OF THE #EREZO#OMMITTEELIVEWASALSOMENTIONED !S A RESULT OF THIS THREAT 0") INCREASED THE INTENSITY OF &RANCISCO AND %MILIANAS ACCOMPANIMENT AND ACTIVATED ITS SUPPORT NETWORK IN -EXICO BY MEANS OF A ROUND OF URGENTMEETINGSWITH-EXICANAUTHORITIES THE (IGH#OMMISSIONEROFTHE5NITED.ATIONSAND EMBASSIES PRESENT IN -EXICO FROM %UROPE .ORTH!MERICAAND!USTRALIA 0") CONSIDERS THESE THREATS TO BE VERY SERIOUS ANDISCONCERNEDFORTHESAFETYOF%MILIANAAND &RANCISCO#EREZO GIVENTHATTHISISTHESECOND CRITICAL SITUATION THAT HAS OCCURRED THIS YEAR 4HEFIRSTSITUATIONTOOKPLACEIN-AYWHEN &RANCISCO #EREZO REALIZED THAT HE WAS BEING FILMED AND WATCHED BY AGENTS WHO WERE CARRYING DOCUMENTS FROM THE 3ECRETARY OF .ATIONAL $EFENSE /N 3EPTEMBER TH !MNESTY )NTERNATIONAL TRANSMITTED AN URGENT ACTION IN WHICH IT WAS REQUESTED THAT APPEALS BE MADE TO THE -EXICAN GOVERNMENT %L

/BSERVATORIO 4HE /BSERVATORY A PROGRAM IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE )NTERNATIONAL &EDERATION OF (UMAN 2IGHTS &)$( AND THE 7ORLD /RGANIZATION !GAINST 4ORTURE /-#4 ALSO TRANSMITTEDANURGENTACTION h)T IS OBVIOUS THAT THERE IS A CAMPAIGN TO DISCREDIT THE WORK WE UNDERTAKE TO DEFEND HUMAN RIGHTS WICH BEGAN IN -AY WHEN WE WEREFILMEDBYAMILITARYAGENTCOMMISSIONED BY THE 0&0 &EDERAL 0REVENTATIVE 0OLICE AND NOW NOT ONLY WITH THIS DEATH THREAT BUT ALSO WITH THE PRESS ONCE AGAIN ACCUSING MY BROTHERS IN PRISON OF BEING IN CHARGE OF THE 0OPULAR!SSEMBLYOFTHE0EOPLEOF/AXACA AS LEADERS OF THE %02 0OPULAR 2EVOLUTIONARY !RMY WHICHISABSURDGIVENTHATINPRISONTHEY CONTINUE TO BE HELD INCOMMUNICADOv SAYS &RANCISCO 0") IS FOLLOWING THE SITUATION VERY CLOSELY AND REMAINS CONCERNED ABOUT THE SAFETY OF &RANCISCOAND%MILIANA#EREZO

        

)NTERVIEWWITH0ABLO!LVARADO 0") 3EPTEMBER  ,A*ORNADA !UGUST  %XCELSIOR !UGUST  )NTERVIEWWITH&RANCISCO#EREZO 0") 3EPTEMBER  0REVIOUSLYKNOWNASh,A0ALMAv 5RGENT !CTION OF THE -EXICAN ,EAGUE FOR THE $EFENSE OF (UMAN2IGHTS *ULY  )NTERVIEWWITH0ABLO!LVARADO 0") 3EPTEMBER  5RGENT !CTION OF THE -EXICAN ,EAGUE FOR THE $EFENSE OF (UMAN2IGHTS,IMEDDH !5   #%2%:/ 5RGENT !CTION !5   OF THE -EXICAN ,EAGUE FOR THE $EFENSEOF(UMAN2IGHTS,IMEDDH -AY  )NTERVIEWWITH&RANCISCO#EREZO0") 3EPTEMBER 




"ULLETINFORTHE0")-EXICO0ROJECT

)NTERVIEWWITH/"4),)!%5'%.)/-!.5%,FROMTHE/RGANIZATIONOFTHE )NDIGENOUS0EOPLE-EPHAAIN!YUTLA/0)- 3INCE&EBRUARY0")HASACCOMPANIED/BTILIA %UGENIO -ANUEL SECRETARY OF THE /0)- HER HUSBAND #UAUHTÏMOC 2AMÓREZ 2ODRÓGUEZ AND HER SISTER !NDREA %UGENIO -ANUEL IN !YUTLA DE ,OS ,IBRES AND IN TRIPS THEY MAKE TO VARIOUS COMMUNITIES %L #AMALOTE "ARRANCA DE 'UADALUPE ETC  4HEIR ACCOMPANIMENT BEGAN FOLLOWING A DEATH THREAT AND HARASSMENT THEY RECEIVEDFORTHEIRWORKINHUMANRIGHTS 2ECENTLY WE SPOKE WITH /BTILIA %UGENIO -ANUEL TO HEAR MORE ABOUT THE CURRENT SITUATIONOFHUMANRIGHTSVIOLATIONSANDTHE/0)- 7HAT ARE THE PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES OF THE ORGANIZATIONATPRESENT 4HE ORGANIZATION HAS RECENTLY INITIATED A PROGRAMINWHICHFOURPROMOTERSVISIT-E|PHAA COMMUNITIESTODISCUSSTHERIGHTSOFEACHONE OF US FOR EXAMPLE THE RIGHT TO STUDY AND THE RIGHTTOLIVE&IRSTTHEPROMOTERSCOMEHERETO !YUTLA TO RECEIVE TRAINING IN HOW TO EXPLAIN THESETHINGSTOTHEPEOPLEOFTHEVILLAGESAND THEN THEY VISIT EACH VILLAGE #UAUHTÏMOC !NDREAAND)DOTHETRAININGIN!YUTLA7ETHINK ABOUTWHATTRAININGWENEEDTOGIVETHEM4HE PROMOTERSGOTOTHECOMMUNITIES RETURNWITH INFORMATION ANDTHENWEMEETHEREANDTALK 4HE FOUR PROMOTERS ARE FROM %L #AMOLOTE "ARRANCA DE 'UADALUPE FROM LA #OLONIA 0ROGRESO AND LA #OLONIA %L 0ARAÓSO 4HEY HAVE BEEN WORKING FOR A YEAR AND THEY DO NOT RECEIVEANYPAYMENTFORTHEIRWORK 7EALSOACCOMPANYPEOPLETOTHECITYHALLHERE IN!YUTLA7EDOTRANSLATIONSINTHEMUNICIPAL SEAT OF GOVERNMENT IN THE PROSECUTION DEPARTMENT AND IN COURT 7E FOLLOW UP APPLICATIONSINCITYHALLTOSEEIFTHEYHAVEBEEN APPROVED !LSO INTHECOMMUNITIESWEAREASKEDFORALOT OF INFORMATION ABOUT DOMESTIC VIOLENCE )NDIGENOUS WOMEN OFTEN DO NOT KNOW THEIR RIGHTS



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4ELL US ABOUT THE SITUATION IN THE INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIESANDTHECURRENTPROBLEMS /NEOFTHEMOSTSERIOUSPROBLEMSISHAPPENING IN THE COMMUNAL LANDS 4HE LAND IS NOT MEASURED OR MARKED BUT EACH PERSON KNOWS THEIR LAND AND WHERE THEY PLANT .OW THE GOVERNMENT SAYS THAT EACH PERSON MUST MEASUREANDDIVIDETHEIRLANDINORDERTOHAVE OWNERSHIP 7HEN THEY BEGAN TO DIVIDE THE LANDPROBLEMSSTARTEDANDTHEREWEREDEATHS 0EOPLE BELIEVE THAT THE GOVERNMENT WANTED THESE PROBLEMS AND WANTED US TO FIGHT AMONGST OURSELVES 4HEY SAY THAT WE ARE THE ONES FIGHTING BUT IT IS THE GOVERNMENT WHO PROVOKESTHECONFRONTATIONS 4HE GOVERNMENT DOES NOT RESPECT THE NEEDS AND PLEAS OF INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES &OR EXAMPLE THERE ARE NOT ENOUGH DOCTORS )N 4ECRUZAND"ARRANCADE'UADALUPEYOUHAVETO WALKFORTWOHOURSTOREACHADOCTOR4HEREARE MANYILLNESSES FEVERSANDSOMETIMESONECANT GET TO A DOCTOR 7E HAVE THE RIGHT TO HEALTH SERVICESBUTTHATSNOGOODIFTHEDOCTORISFAR AWAYANDTHEREISNOMEDICINE!LSOTHEREARE

NO TEACHERS &OR EXAMPLE IN "ARRANCA DE 'UADALUPETHEREISONLYONETEACHERFORTHREE GROUPS OF STUDENTS )N TOTAL THERE ARE TWO TEACHERS FOR SIX GROUPS /THER PROBLEMS WE HAVE ARE INADEQUATE HOUSING A LACK OF PUBLIC WORKS AND OUR RIGHTS IN GENERAL ARE NOT RESPECTED !NOTHER MAJOR PROBLEM THAT WE HAVE IS THAT THERE ARE MILITARY PERSONNEL EVERYWHERE WHO SET UP CHECKPOINTS ON THE ROADS AND SEARCH PICK UPS AND ASK TO SEE IDENTIFICATION 4HEY SCARE US BECAUSE THEY KNOW THAT WE CANT DEMAND OUR RIGHTS THAT WE ARE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE AND SOMETIMES WE DONT KNOW OUR RIGHTS 4HEY ALSO SCARE US BECAUSE THEY CARRY WEAPONS !TTHEMOMENTHASTHEORGANIZATION ORYOU BEEN RECEIVING THREATS OR OTHER KINDS OF HARASSMENT 9ES THEYARESTILLFOLLOWING SPYINGONMEAND MY CHILDREN AND HARRASSING INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES)AMAFRAIDBUT)AMNOTGOINGTO LEAVETHEORGANIZATION )HAVETOKEEPGOINGSO THATTHEYRESPECTUSASINDIGENOUSPEOPLE7E AREGOINGTOCARRYON


"ULLETINFORTHE0")-EXICO0ROJECT

2ADIO™OMNDAA THEFIRSTCOMMUNITYRADIOSTATIONIN'UERRERO ABOUTTHEIREXPERIENCES

)N *ULY  TWO MEMBERS OF THE 0") TEAM IN #HILPANCINGO VISITED 8OCHISTLAHUACA TO MEET WITH MEMBERS OF2ADIO™OMNDAA4HE MUNICIPALITY IS LOCATED IN ,A #OSTA #HICA -ONTA×A REGION IN THE SOUTHWEST OF THE STATE OF'UERRERO CLOSETOTHE NORTHERN BORDER OF THE STATEOF/AXACA /N $ECEMBER   2ADIO™OMNDAA THE FIRST COMMUNITY RADIO STATION IN THE STATE OF 'UERRERO BEGAN BROADCASTING !S WELL AS BEING THE FIRST COMMUNITY RADIO STATION 2ADIO ™OMNDAA OR @4HE 7ORD OF 7ATER IS THE FIRST RADIO STATION IN -EXICO THAT BROADCASTS IN THE !MUZGOLANGUAGE 4HEPROJECTISTHERESULTOFMORETHANTWOYEARS OF EFFORTS )T WAS CREATED WHEN THE !MUZGO INDIGENOUS PEOPLE FROM THE 8OCHISTLAHUACA MUNICIPALITY OR 3ULJAA IN THEIR LANGUAGE DECLARED THEIR MUNICIPALITY AUTONOMOUS IN  IN ORDER TO BE GOVERNED BY THEIR OWN TRADITIONAL AUTHORITIES 4HE MEMBERS OF THE 3ULJAA #OLLECTIVE IN 2EBELLION SAW A RADIO PROJECTASANIMPORTANTWAYOFPRESERVINGTHEIR EXISTENCE AS AN INDIGENOUS VILLAGE IN THE REGION AS A SPACE IN WHICH TO PRESERVE THEIR OWNIDENTITY CULTUREANDTRADITIONS )NITSTWOYEARS@4HE7ORDOF7ATERHASGROWN TOSUCHANEXTENTTHATITNOWPLAYSAVITALROLEIN THE COMMUNITY )N THE MUNICIPALITY OF 8OCHISTLAHUACA OFTHEPOPULATIONSPEAKS !MUZGO AS THEIR MOTHER TONGUE AND  OF THEPOPULATIONONLYSPEAKSTHISLANGUAGE4HE RADIO IS hFOR THEM WITHOUT A DOUBT AN IMPORTANT ACHIEVEMENT BY THE !MUZGO COMMUNITIESv (OWEVER IT IS NOT ONLY THE !MUZGO COMMUNITY THAT LISTENS BUT ALSO -IXTECA MESTIZO AND AFRO MEXICAN COMMUNITIESTHROUGHOUTTHEREGION4HERADIO STATION HAS DIVERSE PROGRAMS AND AS WELL AS BROADCASTING IN !MUZGO SOME OF THE PROGRAMS ARE TRANSLATED INTO 3PANISH !S IN MANY REGIONS OF -EXICO IN 8OCHISTLAHUACA WHERETHE02)HASGOVERNEDFORDECADES THERE ARE PEOPLE FROMTHEDIFFERENT POLITICALPARTIES $AVID 6ALTIERRA ONE OF THE RADIO COMMITTEE MEMBERS AFFIRMED THAT THE STATES POLITICAL PARTIES HAVE DIVIDED THE COMMUNITY AND FOR THIS REASON ONE OF THE GOALS OF h4HE 7ORD OF 7ATERv IS TO UNITE THE PEOPLE (E ADDED THAT MANY PEOPLE WHO LISTEN TO THE PROGRAMS BELONG TO DIFFERENT PARTIES AND

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ABOVE ALL ARE VERY POOR INDIVIDUALS -ANY OF THEMCANNOTREADORWRITE BUTBYLISTENINGTO THE RADIO THEY CAN BE INFORMED AND COMMUNICATE WITH OTHERS 7ITH ITS PROGRAMS THE RADIO STATION WANTS TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE IMPROVEMENTOFCOMMUNITYLIFE "ROADCASTING BEGINS AT  IN THE MORNING AND ENDSATPMORLATER DEPENDINGONTHESEASON 4HESTATIONFEATURESMANYPROGRAMSCOVERINGA WIDERANGEOFTHEMESAMONGOTHERS THEREARE PROGRAMSAIMEDATYOUNGPEOPLE CHILDRENAND WOMEN h,OOKING !FTER THE ,ANDv h3TORIES "IOGRAPHIES AND ,EGENDSv h/UR (EALTHv AND h&OR THE 6ILLAGES AND 2OADS OF THE 3OUTHv ARE SOME OF THE PROGRAMS THAT ARE TRANSMITTED EVERYWEEK4HETWOMEMBERSRESPONSIBLEFOR THE PROGRAM h7OMEN FOR 8OCHISTLAHUACAv SPOKE ABOUT THEIR BROADCAST 4HE PROGRAM FOCUSSES ON ISSUES FOR WOMEN ALTHOUGH IT IS ALSOINTERESTINGFORTHEMENOFTHECOMMUNITY )T ATTEMPTS TO REMEMBER TRADITIONAL !MUZGO CUSTOMS HOW THEY LIVED IN THE PAST AND TO TRACETHEEVOLUTIONOFTHEIRCUSTOMSANDOTHER CHANGES WHICH HAVE OCCURRED IN ORDER TO PRESERVE THEIR CULTURE AND LANGUAGE 4HE COMMUNITY IS VERY CONCERNED BECAUSE IT IS LOSINGITSCUSTOMSBETWEENTHEYOUNGANDOLD THERE ARE MANY DIFFERENCES AND THE PROGRAM ATTEMPTS TO POINT OUT THESE DIFFERENCES 4HEMESSUCHASCLOTHING FOOD ANDTRADITIONAL BELIEFSAREPRESENTED ASWELLASSPEAKINGABOUT ILLNESSES LIVING CONDITIONS AND THE MARGINALIZATION OF WOMEN AND HOW THEIR CONDITIONSCANBEIMPROVED4HOSERESPONSIBLE FOR THE PROGRAM EXPLAINED HOW IT HAS HELPED THECOMMUNITY&OREXAMPLE MANYWOMEN NOW KNOW THEIR RIGHTS AND CAN SPEAK OPENLY

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Bulletin 19 - September 2006