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‘average’ high or high-ish note which emerges as the one most often achieved at the end of the glissando. Rest for 30 secs and try to remember what that ‘average ‘ note was. E.g. Top A, Bb etc. Maybe high C! Even if you were only getting up to a G this exercise is worthwhile. 3) Do the glissandi again, maybe 5 - 10 times, but this time, really aim for the ‘average’ note that you were getting/ achieving with some consistency in part 2. When it feels secure, sustain it for 3 - 5 secs (longer if you wish). Try to get a strong sensation, while sustaining that note, of exactly how firm your abdominal area is. It should be ‘set’ as if to protect from injury by e.g., a punch. 4) Glissando to that high note, sustain it for 2 - 3 secs and then, without any valve change try to move (slur) up just one more step; this will probably be a semitone. E.g. if the glissando has been on the F horn, 1st valve, and if the sustained note has been high A (15th harmonic of the Bb/concert- Eb series) the next note will be high Bb (16th harmonic). If you have been using the Bb horn for the glissando, e.g., 4th valve plus e.g. valves 2 and 3, and the high sustained note was high G# (12th harmonic of the C#/ concert F# series) the next note will be a rather sharp high A (13th harmonic). When moving up to that next higher note, try to make the abdomen even firmer, and don’t press any harder with the mouthpiece; raise the tongue even higher and the Next note WILL come out! Be happy enough if you get it a few times, if only for ½ a second. If you feel strong and secure on it, sustain it for a few seconds. NB Important: Rest for at least 2 to 3 minutes! #4: Studies (‘Etudes’) Having played any of the above exercises, #3B, #3C and especially #3D which is (and should be) quite strenuous, now is a good time to practise (initially in short sections before attempting a performance) a ‘low-register’ study. Good ones are:  

Tony Halstead horn warm up