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53 Yearling Charolais Bulls Sell

3RD GEN PLD HTA ACHIEVE 404B • REMINGTON x BRAVIA BW 96 Adj 205 709 Adj 365 1475 BW 2.8 WW 52.2 YW 97.7 M 43.2 TM 17.1

3RD GEN PLD HTA TABASCO 411B • ICE x NOBLEMAN BW 114 Adj 205 761 Adj 365 1484 BW 5.1 WW 39 YW 83 M 43 TM 23

!

Proven Performance

!

Quality

!

Customer Satisfaction

3RD GEN PLD

3RD GEN PLD

HTA MAXIMIZE 435B • SCORPIO x MERIT COBB BW 99 Adj 205 669 Adj 365 1389 BW 2.3 WW 47 YW 93 M 43 TM 19

HTA COMMITMENT 4104B • CHALLENGE x RIO BLANCO BW 92 Adj 205 633 Adj 365 1353 BW -.2 WW 39.5 YW 79.1 M 42.4 TM 22.6

Come early to choose your bull and join us for lunch Contact us for a free catalogue or more information 3RD GEN PLD WMM BIG CUT 429B • HTA CONRAD x JSR EQUITY BW 104 Act WW 700 BW 1.8 WW 47 YW 86 M 15.5 TM 39 Guest Consignor

RAMMER CHAROLAIS ONLINE SALE WITH:

www.htacharolais.com Shawn & Tanya Airey & family

Sarah Buchanan 1.888.554.VIDS WWW.CATTLEINMOTION.COM

Harry & Joan Airey

PO Box 639, Rivers, MB R0K 1X0 T: 204-328-7704 • Shawn’s cell: call or text 204-724-8823 htacharolais@hotmail.com • Follow us on twitter @htacharolais Charolais Connection • March 2015

Box 73, Cardale, MB R0K 0J0 Wayne & Melva Ramsey 204-566-2314 204-764-0386 Matthew & Sarah Ramsey 204-365-2729 204-365-0976 Sale Manager

306-584-7937 Helge By 306-536-4261 Candace By 306-536-3374 charolaisbanner@gmail.com

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contents

The Charolais Connection 124 Shannon Road Regina, Saskatchewan S4S 5B1 Ph. (306) 546-3940 • Fax (306) 546-3942 Home Page: http://www.charolaisbanner.com Email: charolaisbanner@sasktel.net ISSN 0824-1767 Manager/Publisher Helge By Managing Editor Candace By charolaisbanner@gmail.com @ByCandace

MARCH 2015 • VOL. XXXII, NO. 2

From the Field ............................................................................................8 Du champ .................................................................................................10 Canadian Charolais Association..............................................................12 De L’Association de Charolais Canadien ................................................14 Profile – Fahlman Cattle Co. ....................................................................21 Herd Health– Hands On Synchronization Programs..............................34 Industry Info.............................................................................................36 Canadian Charolais Youth Association News ........................................40 Cattle Handling Pointers .........................................................................44 Does Cow Nutrition During Pregnancy Affect Gene Expression..........54 Time to Cull ..............................................................................................55 Developments in BIXS .............................................................................58 Public Wants Trust in Animal Welfare ....................................................60 Environmental Footprint of Beef Production ........................................62 Free Expert Advice at Home....................................................................66 Calendar of Events...................................................................................74 Index of Advertisers ................................................................................78

Production/Graphic Design Susan Penner charolais.susan@sasktel.net Web Design Dalyse Robertson pdmrobertson@gmail.com FIELDMEN: Alberta & British Columbia Craig Scott 5107 Shannon Drive, Olds, AB T4H 1X3 Res. (403) 507-2258 Fax (403) 507-2268 Cell (403) 651-9441 sbanner@telusplanet.net @craigscott222 Saskatchewan, Manitoba, USA & Eastern Canada Helge By 124 Shannon Rd., Regina, SK S4S 5B1 Office (306) 546-3940 Office Fax (306) 546-3942 Res. (306) 584-7937 Cell (306) 536-4261 charolaisbanner@gmail.com @CharolaisBanner SUBSCRIPTIONS: $6.30 per year $16.80 – 3 years (Prices include 5% GST) The Charolais Connection is mailed to over 13,000 cattlemen nationwide. Those cattlemen include all purebred Charolais breeders, buyers of purebred Charolais bulls from the past six years and all subscribers to the Charolais Banner. No material contained in the Charolais Connection may be reprinted without the permission of the Charolais Banner. The publishers reserve the right to refuse any advertisements. The material produced in this publication is done so with the highest integrity, however, we assume no responsibility for errors or omissions. We are responsible for only the value of the advertisement. Animals in the photographs in the Connection have not been altered by computer enhancement or mechanical methods according to the knowledge of the publisher.

on the cover… Stout silver heifer at Fahlman Cattle Co., profile starts on page 21 Photo: Helge By Design: Susan Penner

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Charolais Connection • March 2015

Printed by Print West, Regina, Saskatchewan Publications Mail Agreement No. 40047726 Postage paid at Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada Postmaster: Please return undeliverable publications (covers only) to: Charolais Banner, 124 Shannon Road, Regina, Saskatchewan S4S 5B1, Canada. Published by the Charolais Banner, Regina, SK (3 times per year - February, March and Fall)


Charolais Connection • March 2015

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SKW 8B • Steppler 83U x Vision

SKW 32B • Canyon x Steppler 83U

Stephen & Kristin Wielgosz • Yellow Creek, SK

T 306.279.2033 C 306.279.7709 wielgoszsk@gmail.com Follow us on twitter! @Wielgoszsk SKW 21B • Steppler 83U x Junction 6

SKW 122B • Steppler 83U x New Trend Charolais Connection • March 2015

Located just over an hour northeast of Saskatoon


CEDARLEA CANNON 16B Red Factor, 3rd Gen Pld • BW 94 SRK Canyon x SOS Pld Detonator CE 95 BW -.5 WW 53 YW 106 M 25.2 TM 52

CEDARLEA DEACON 30B Dbl Pld • BW 108 VFF Time Out x CSS Sir Gridmaker CE 74 BW 3.6 WW 44 YW 86 M 22.7 TM 45

CEDARLEA JUAREZ 47B Dbl Pld • BW 90 Sparrows Reno x CSS Sir Gridmaker CE 97 BW -2.2 WW 41 YW 78 M 27.3 TM 48

CEDARLEA PATRON 74B 3rd Gen Pld • BW 108 Gerrard Pastor x CSS Sir Gridmaker CE 63 BW 2.7 WW 55 YW 99 M 24.2 TM 52

CEDARLEA FRIAR TUCK 83B 3rd Gen Pld • BW 105 Gerrard Pastor x CSS Show Boat CE 82 BW .9 WW 58 YW 103 M 26.9 TM 56

CEDARLEA BOURBON 93B Dbl Pld • BW 100 Gerrard Pastor x LT Unlimited Ease CE 79 BW .3 WW 57 YW 96 M 28.5 TM 57

WINDY WILLOWS FARMS featuring: • 60 Black Angus and 15 Red Angus Yearling Bulls • Select Group of Open Heifers Contact: Collin & Michelle Sauder 306-677-2507 Collin’s cell 306-677-7544

VOLUME DISCOUNT • DELIVERY AVAILABLE • FREE BOARD UNTIL MAY 1 • ALL BULLS SEMEN TESTED Videos available online at www.cattleinmotion.com

Garner & Lori Deobald 306-677-2589 Cell 306-677-7777 Kylie & Brian Hawkins Cell 306-650-7766 g.deobald@sasktel.net www.cedarleafarms.com

Sale Manager:

306-584-7937 Helge By 306-536-4261 Candace By 306-536-3374 charolaisbanner@gmail.com

Catalogue online at www.bylivestock.com and www.cattlemanagement.ca Charolais Connection • March 2015

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POINTS TO PONDER

From the Field Helge By

Welcome to the last Charolais Connection of the spring and for those of you who have started calving, I hope it is going well and if you haven’t started yet, that the weather co-operates to give you a stress free season. This past month there has been some interesting data coming from the USA. The first is that as of January 1st the inventory of all cattle and calves was up 1.4 percent from one year ago but, except for last year, it is still the smallest total herd inventory since 1952. U.S. beef cow inventory increased 2.1 percent from a year ago, signaling expansion among herds across the nation, according to the latest U.S. Department of Agriculture-National Agricultural Statistics Service cattle report. Though beef cow herd expansion was anticipated, this was a larger than expected increase. The largest increases were in Texas and Oklahoma. I know a lot of bred cows went out of western Canada, in the past year, down to the southern states and this probably shows a bit of the number increase they did not account for. In Canada, we haven’t seen the rebuilding process start yet, as many producers I talked to are planning to cash in for a couple of years before they start retaining heifers. After many years of tight margins, the producers like the results of the present market. Also with cull cow prices paying out over $2,000 on many, it is tempting to clean up the herd. Record high prices and record profits are the markets incentive to increase production, so I am sure we will see expansion begin in Canada as well. At the recent 2015 Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade Show in San Antonio, Texas the CattleFax

Outlook session was very optimistic. They are expecting fed cattle prices averaging in the mid-$150s, slightly higher than last year. They also project the range of trade will be from $140 to near $170 at the highs this year. Analysts cited the improved forage situation, lower grain prices and record margins in 2014 for feeders and stockers as the primary reason cow-calf producers will remain in the driver’s seat for the year ahead. Despite exceptional prices in 2014, CattleFax CEO Randy Blach said he expects the market peak is past in the cattle industry now. “We put the top in the market in the past year and the signal for expansion has been transmitted,” he said. “We will begin to see some modest expansion in herd numbers now and that will cause prices to trend lower in the years ahead, than what we saw in 2014.” He explained that growing supplies of cattle and beef over the next several years will rebalance the normal price and margin environment among industry segments. “Prices will then retreat back to the lower end of the new trading range,” said Blach. Despite the adjustment, he explained that cow-calf producers will continue to see relatively strong returns over the next four to five years. The feeling is that market prices should remain historically high in 2015 as tight supplies of cattle continue along with good consumer demand for beef. That’s despite record retail prices for beef. This is information out of the US, but is always relevant to Canada with an open border. With our lower dollar, we have seen and are seeing many feeder cattle continue to move south which makes it tough on our feeders and gives me fear for our packers. If

Follow me on Twitter! @CharolaisBanner 8

Charolais Connection • March 2015

our packers become unprofitable and close one of the plants, it will really have us at the mercy of the market to the south. Another topic that I want to touch on isn’t relevant to all in Canada, but in Western Canada the Livestock Price Insurance program needs to be looked at by all producers. Although it hasn’t paid out recently, don’t overlook the protection that this provides for not a big investment. Hopefully you never have to use it, but if something does cause the wheels to fall off the train, you can at this point protect a very good return for your calves in the upcoming year. I have said it before, but if producers don’t use it and something happens, governments could say we gave you a program and you didn’t use it, so sorry there isn’t anything else we will do. The first bull sales have been extremely good with solid demand and high prices. Most markets are quoting well over $1.50 on slaughter bulls with reports of some bulls commanding over $4,000. There are producers selling a bull they have used for a number of years for more than they paid for him. Good time to freshen up the bull battery. Going through this issue you will see the high quality of bulls available in many sales across the country. As always I encourage you to purchase the best quality you can afford to improve your program and profitability for many years to come. So as we continue on with the bull sales, if Craig Scott or I can be of any assistance, please don’t hesitate to give us a call. We are always happy to help in any way we can. Until next time, Helge


HERDBULL ALERT!

HERDBULL ALERT!

PALE 18B • M6 Gridmaker x CSS Show Boat • Polled, Leptin CT Top Gainer, Feb 4th 1503 lb. • Highest WW and YW of all 2014 calves, Top 1% milk, TM 57 PALE 2B Roundup x No Doubt, Polled, Calving Ease, TM 48 PALE 3B Roundup x No Doubt, Polled, Calving Ease, TM 47, Leptin CT PALE 5B M6 Gridmaker x Rancard, Top Gainer, Feb 4th 1467 lb., Polled, Calving Ease, TM 52 PALE 7B LAE Juice Box x Palestro, Polled, Top 1% WW and YW PALE 8B Pure Power x Whitewater Premium, Leptin TT PALE 9B Sparrows Panama x Rio Blanco, Top Gainer, Feb 4th 1346 lb., ET, Leptin TT

HERDBULL ALERT! PALE 35B • Sparrows Panama x LT Rio Blanco Top Gainer, Feb 4th 1503 lb. • Polled, ET, Leptin TT

PALE 33B • Unibloc x CSS Sir Gridmaker 2W • Scurred Outcross Pedigree, Top Gainer, Feb 4th 1472 lb. • ET, Leptin TT PALE 17B Roundup x Nelson, Top Gainer, Feb 4th 1507 lb., Polled, Leptin CT PALE 19B TR PZC Mr Turton x CSS Sir Gridmaker 2W, Polled, Family of Champions PALE 20B Hicks Remington x Sisteron, Polled, Leptin CT PALE 23B Tri-N Prefix x High Bluff Hank, Top 5% Milk, Polled PALE 25B Tri-N Prefix x SOS Detonator, Top 3% Milk, Polled, Leptin CT PALE 43B Tri-N Prefix x LT Rio Blanco, Polled, Top 1% Milk, TM 52 PALE 52B Rio Blanco x Iroy, Very Strong Pedigree, Polled

HERDBULL ALERT! PALE 40B • Tri-N Prefix x PCC Balistik • Polled, TM 49 Very Fancy & Stout • Dam is a No Miss foundation cow

All bulls will be semen tested, ultrasounded (carcass data), certified BVD-PI free and examined by a licensed veterinarian Etienne Palerme DVM 819-210-7210 Mathieu Palerme 819-213-3143 epalerme@hotmail.com 257 Perry, Gatineau, QC J9J 3A1 Jesse Milne Smith • 613-229-1073

“At the forefront of tomorrow's genetics”

View the catalogue online at www.charolaisbanner.com or www.cattleinmotion.com Charolais Connection • March 2015

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POINT A SURVEILLER

Du champ Helge By

Bienvenue à cette dernière édition soit l’édition printanière, pour ceux qui ont commencé leur vêlage j’espère que tout va bien, et pour ceux qui n’ont pas encore commencé j’espère que la température sera de votre côté pour éviter un peu de stress. Le mois dernier quelques données très intéressantes nous sont parvenues des USA. L’inventaire de tous les bovins y compris les veaux a augmenté de 1.4% il y a 1 an à l’exception de l’année dernière, et ceci est le plus petit inventaire de bovins depuis 1952. Le nombre de vaches de boucherie a augmenté de 2.1% depuis 1 an selon le dernier rapport du US Departement of Agriculture-National Statistics Service. Bien que l’expansion était prévue elle est plus importante que prévu. Les plus fortes hausses ont été observées au Texas et en Oklahoma. Plusieurs vaches en provenance de l’ouest canadien ont été vendues dans les états du sud américain, ce qui fait augmenter le nombre quelque peu. Au Canada nous n’avons pas vu encore de signe nous indiquant que le processus de reconstruction est débuté, de nombreux producteurs veulent profiter du marché lucratif pour quelques années encore avant de commencer à garder leurs génisses, après de nombreuses années de marge de profits serrés ils profitent des prix du marché actuel. Avec les prix pour les vaches de réforme à $2000.00 et plus, plusieurs veulent faire un bon ménage des vaches moins productives. Avec des prix records et de bons bénéfices l’incitation à augmenter la production est très tentante… donc bien sûr nous verrons de l’expansion de nos

troupeaux très bientôt. Lors de la récente convention sur l’industrie bovine au NCBA Trade Show à San Antonio au Texas les participants étaient très optimistes. Ils s’attendent à des prix $150.00 plus élevés que l’an passé et ils se situeront entre $140.00 et $170.00, des sommets pour cette année. Les analystes prévoient une amélioration du côté fourrage, et le prix des céréales à la baisse contribuerons à garder les producteurs vache-veau dans le siège du conducteur. Malgré des prix exceptionnels en 2014, le PDG de Cattle Fax Randy Black, prétend que le pic du marché est passé. Avec la hausse des marchés de l’an passé le signal a été donné pour la reconstruction des troupeaux. Nous allons commencer à voir une expansion modeste des troupeaux, ce qui provoquera une tendance des prix à la baisse pour les prochaines années. Il a de plus expliqué que les intrants utilisés en production bovine devront se rééquilibrer au prix du marché normal pour permettre une meilleur négociation a mentionné Black. Malgré l’ajustement il a expliqué que les producteurs vacheveau pourront profiter de solides rendements pour les 4 à 5 prochaines années. Il va de soi que les prix du marché pour 2015 demeureront élevés dû au fait qu’il y a une forte demande des consommateurs pour la viande bovine. Ceci en dépit des prix élevés. Ce sont des informations qui nous parviennent des USA mais toujours pertinentes, vu que nos frontières sont ouvertes. Avec la faiblesse de notre dollar, nous voyons beaucoup de bouvillons traverser la frontière, ce qui rend les choses plus difficiles pour nos abattoirs. Si nos transformateurs ne deviennent plus

Suivez, moi sur Twitter! @CharolaisBanner 10

Charolais Connection • March 2015

rentables ils devront fermer des usines de transformation et alors nous deviendrons à la merci des marchés du sud (USA) Un autre sujet que je veux aborder et qui n’est pas pertinent pour tout le Canada, le programme d’assurance pour l’ouest canadien doit être regardé attentivement par tous les producteurs. Ce n’est pas un gros investissement. J’espère que vous n’aurez jamais à l’utiliser mais s’ils vous arrivent un pépin vous serez protégés pour vos veaux. Si vous n’y adhérez pas les gouvernements pourraient dire, nous avons instauré un programme et ils ne s’en servent pas, nous allons l’enlever. Les premières ventes de taureaux vont extrêmement bien, il y a une forte demande et les prix sont élevés. La plupart des marchés pour les taureaux de boucherie sont très bons avec des prix de $1.50, des taureaux ont rapporté jusqu’à $4000.00. Il y a des producteurs qui ont utilisé des taureaux plusieurs années et les vendent plus cher qu’ils les avaient payés. Avec ces prix, c’est le temps de renouveler votre batterie de taureau. En feuilletant ce numéro vous verrez la qualité de taureaux disponible dans les nombreuses ventes à travers le pays. Comme toujours je vous encourage à acheter la meilleure qualité possible, car il y a toujours place pour l’amélioration et par le fait même à augmenter votre rentabilité pour les prochaines années à venir. Craig et moi seront dans plusieurs ventes de taureaux et il nous fera toujours plaisir de vous aider. N’hésitez pas à nous contacter. À la prochaine, Helge


Charolais Connection • March 2015

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FROM THE CANADIAN CHAROLAIS ASSOCIATION

CANADIAN CHAROLAIS ASSOCIATION 2320, 41st Avenue NE, Calgary, AB T2E 6W8 403.250.9242 F 403.291.9324 www.charolais.com @canCharolais www.facebook.com/cdncharolais PROVINCIAL REPRESENTATIVES: ALBERTA President: Lyle Bignell, Stettler Secretary: Kristina Prokuda, Glenevis SASKATCHEWAN President: Greg Gilliland, Carievale Secretary: Dave Blechinger, Rosetown MANITOBA President: Shawn Airey, Rivers Secretary: Rae Trimble, Portage la Prairie ONTARIO President: Brad Buchanan, Victoria Harbour Secretary: Doris Aitken, Mount Forest QUEBEC President: Mathieu Palerme, Gatineau Secretary: Laurent Jourdain, Saint-Hyacinthe MARITIMES President: Ricky Milton, Cornwall, PE Secretary: Jennifer MacDonald, St. Mary’s, Kent Co., NB STAFF: General Manager: MEL REEKIE Registry Manager: LOIS CHIVILO Registry: JUDY CUMMER French Membership: ANNE BRUNET CharolaisEnFrancais@gmail.com EXECUTIVE: PRESIDENT: BRENT SAUNDERS RR 3, Markdale, ON N0C 1H0 519.986.4165 C 519-372-6196 F 519.986.4273 email: saunders@bmts.com 1st VICE-PRESIDENT: BRIAN COUGHLIN RR3 1012 Snake River Line, Cobden, ON K0J 1K0 613.646.9741 C 613.312.0270 email: bh.cornerview@gmail.com 2nd VICE-PRES: ROD McLEOD 293113 Twp Rd 263, Rockyview County, AB T4A 0N5 403.932.4622 C 403.540.7986 F 403.250.8928 rodmcl@telus.net PAST PRESIDENT: WADE BECK Box 5, Lang, SK S0G 2W0 306.436.4564 C 306.436.7458 F 306.436.4553 email: wcbeck@sasktel.net DIRECTORS: RICKY MILTON 4558 Route 19, Nine Mile Creek, PEI C0A 1H2 902.675.3091 C 902.393.8699 email: rmilton@upei.ca BERNARD BEGIN 1630 Rg St-Martin, Ste-Marie, PQ G6E 3A8 418.387.7514 C 418.389.7181 F 418.387.5623 email: louberfarm@hotmail.com ANDRE STEPPLER Box 248, Miami, MB R0G 1H0 204.435.2463 C 204.750.1951 F 204-435-2021 steppleran@hotmail.com DARWIN ROSSO 78 325 4th Ave SW, Moose Jaw, SK S6H 5V2 306.693.2384 rosso.c@sasktel.net DORY GERRARD RR 2, Innisfail, AB T4G 1T7 403.227.5632 C 403.302.1016 F 403.227.2583 email: gerrardcattle@gmail.com

Does your bull come with a Registration Certificate? Mel Reekie, General Manager

When you look around to replace and improve your bull battery, you seek a bull that is going to mate well with your cows and please your marketplace by providing a sound product. When you’re selling, a good bull is a SOLD bull. However, when you are buying you’ll probably look at calving ease, semen quality, sound feet and legs, performance (the list goes on) but do you also consider a Purebred Registration Certificate? Did your last bull purchase come with a Registration paper? The Animal Pedigree Act creates discipline and allows only one association to represent breeders of a breed, set rules for the registrations and certify the animals of said breed. The Canadian Charolais Association (CCA) is incorporated under the Animal Pedigree Act (APA) and represents breeders throughout the country as the official breed registry for Charolais cattle in Canada. The APA provides the enabling legal framework ensuring that: • The Association verifies the correct pedigree information by applying consistent rules for all members • The breed association and breeder stand behind the quality of information represented on the certificate • An animal with a registration paper is genetically stable • Breed improvement measures are being completed providing sustainability and value • Those who raise and purchase purebred stock are protected As such, the CCA administers their own business and affairs but are bound by their by-laws as approved by the

members; in doing so the CCA also respects the APA by abiding and seeking ministerial approval. What’s the significance of the Registration Certificate? A Registration paper from the Canadian Charolais Association provides value; it’s recognized around the globe as representing integrity, traceability and a guarantee of the product. Registration and identification are cornerstones to the association. The CCA collects performance data and monitors desirable traits for overall breed improvement made possible through maintained and detailed pedigrees. Breeders and Purchasers are protected. The public cannot legally be deceived with a false registration paper [APA Section 63 (2)]. As well, it is an offence and legal action can be pursued for any person who knowingly sells an animal in a manner that creates an erroneous impression that the animal is registered or is eligible to be registered [APA Section 64 (g)]. The old adage Knowledge is Power certainly applies to the purebred breeder. As a breeder and member of the breed association they have contributed a lot of time, effort and information leading to genetic progress to not only their own herd but also the Canadian herd. Without data there’s no comparison, without comparison there’s no improvement and ultimately without improvement the future isn’t so bright when you’re not optimizing genetic potential. Before you sign the cheque, ask for that Registration Certificate and ensure that your herd will benefit. For more information contact the Canadian Charolais Association 403.250.9242 or www.charolais.com

TRAVIS FOOT Box 414, Esther, AB T0J 1H0 403.664.3167 C 403.664.0961 Travis@bigskyrealestate.ca

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Charolais Connection • March 2015


JSR 40B • Revelation x PCFL Ultimate

JSR 23B • ABC Ultro Mahomet x Freedom

Dehorned | BW 79 WW 767 | BW .5 WW 41 YW 71 TM 43

Smooth Polled | BW 98 WW 920 | BW 1.4 WW 45 YW 81 TM 40

JSR 38B • Roundup x JSR Knockout

JSR 62B • Made Easy x Cigar

2012 National Champion Female by Freedom Smooth Polled | BW 89 WW 750 | BW -.3 WW 45 YW 86 TM 43

Smooth Polled | BW 90 WW 750 | BW -.2 WW 48 YW 82 TM 43

JSR 11B • HTA Vegas x Freedom

JSR 73B • Trophy x Pistol

Smooth Polled | BW 91 WW 875 | BW 2.1 WW 45 YW 86 TM 49

Smooth Polled | BW 98 WW 720 | BW 3.8 WW 42 YW 80 TM 43

Videos of all bulls available at

RR 3, Markdale, ON N0C 1H0

Brent Saunders 519-372-6196 Darrell Saunders 519-373-6788 saunders@bmts.com

Sarah Buchanan 1.888.554.VIDS WWW.CATTLEINMOTION.COM

Charolais Connection • March 2015

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DE L’ASSOCIATION DE CHAROLAIS CANADIEN

ASSOCIATION CANADIENNE CHAROLAIS 2320, 41st Avenue NE, Calgary, AB T2E 6W8 403.250.9242 F 403.291.9324 www.charolais.com @canCharolais

Votre taureau est-il enregistré? Mel Reekie, Directeur Général

www.facebook.com/cdncharolais REPRÉSENTANTS PROVINCIAUX: ALBERTA President: Lyle Bignell, Stettler Secretary: Kristina Prokuda, Glenevis SASKATCHEWAN President: Greg Gilliland, Carievale Secretary: Dave Blechinger, Rosetown MANITOBA President: Shawn Airey, Rivers Secretary: Rae Trimble, Portage la Prairie ONTARIO President: Brad Buchanan, Victoria Harbour Secretary: Doris Aitken, Mount Forest QUEBEC President: Mathieu Palerme, Gatineau Secretary: Laurent Jourdain, Saint-Hyacinthe MARITIMES President: Ricky Milton, Cornwall, PE Secretary: Jennifer MacDonald, St. Mary’s, Kent Co., NB PERSONNEL: General Manager: MEL REEKIE Registry Manager: LOIS CHIVILO Registry: JUDY CUMMER French Membership: ANNE BRUNET CharolaisEnFrancais@gmail.com EXÉCUTIF: PRESIDENT: BRENT SAUNDERS RR 3, Markdale, ON N0C 1H0 519.986.4165 C 519-372-6196 F 519.986.4273 email: saunders@bmts.com 1st VICE-PRESIDENT: BRIAN COUGHLIN RR3 1012 Snake River Line, Cobden, ON K0J 1K0 613.646.9741 C 613.312.0270 email: bh.cornerview@gmail.com 2nd VICE-PRES: ROD McLEOD 293113 Twp Rd 263, Rockyview County, AB T4A 0N5 403.932.4622 C 403.540.7986 F 403.250.8928 rodmcl@telus.net PAST PRESIDENT: WADE BECK Box 5, Lang, SK S0G 2W0 306.436.4564 C 306.436.7458 F 306.436.4553 email: wcbeck@sasktel.net DIRECTEURS: RICKY MILTON 4558 Route 19, Nine Mile Creek, PEI C0A 1H2 902.675.3091 C 902.393.8699 email: rmilton@upei.ca BERNARD BEGIN 1630 Rg St-Martin, Ste-Marie, PQ G6E 3A8 418.387.7514 C 418.389.7181 F 418.387.5623 email: louberfarm@hotmail.com ANDRE STEPPLER Box 248, Miami, MB R0G 1H0 204.435.2463 C 204.750.1951 F 204-435-2021 steppleran@hotmail.com DARWIN ROSSO 78 325 4th Ave SW, Moose Jaw, SK S6H 5V2 306.693.2384 rosso.c@sasktel.net DORY GERRARD RR 2, Innisfail, AB T4G 1T7 403.227.5632 C 403.302.1016 F 403.227.2583 email: gerrardcattle@gmail.com TRAVIS FOOT Box 414, Esther, AB T0J 1H0 403.664.3167 C 403.664.0961 Travis@bigskyrealestate.ca

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Lorsque vous êtes à la recherche d’un taureau, certainement que vous cherchez un géniteur qui améliora votre cheptel et produira des veaux qui répondent à la demande du marché. Vous considérez aussi une longue liste d’attributs tels que la facilité de vêlage, la qualité de la semence, la conformation, la performance etc., mais est-ce que votre liste de demandes inclus également un certificat d’enregistrement? Achetez-vous des taureaux avec ou sans un papier d’enregistrement? La Loi sur la généalogie des animaux (LGA) crée la discipline et ne permet qu’une seule association par race pour représenter les éleveurs. L’association de race a le pouvoir de définir ses règles d’enregistrements et certifier les animaux de sa race respective selon les directives de ses membres. L’Association canadienne Charolais (ACC) est constituée en vertu de La Loi sur la généalogie des animaux et représente tous les éleveurs du pays en tant que le registre officiel de la race charolaise au Canada. La Loi sur la généalogie des animaux fournit le cadre juridique propice afin de veiller à ce que: • L’Association vérifie l’information généalogique correcte en appliquant des règles cohérentes pour tous les membres • L’association de race et l’éleveur de l’animal garantissent la qualité de l’information représentée sur le certificat • L’animal muni d’un papier d’enregistrement est génétiquement stable. • Des mesures d’amélioration de race sont entreprises assurant une préservation • Les éleveurs d’animaux pur-sang sont protégés Par conséquent, l’ACC administre ses propres activités et ses affaires, mais est liée par des règlements tels qu’approuvés par ses membres tout en respectant également la Loi sur la généalogie des

animaux selon l’approbation ministérielle. Quelle est la signification du certificat d’enregistrement? Un papier d’enregistrement émis par l’Association Canadienne Charolais fournit de la valeur ; le papier confirme une intégrité qui est reconnu dans le monde entier, pour sa traçabilité et une garantie du produit. L’enregistrement et l’identification de nos animaux sont les fondations de l’association. L’ACC recueille des données de performance afin que les caractères désirables soient maintenus et certains d’autres soient améliorés pour l’avancement global de la race grâce à la connaissance des lignées généalogiques du herdbook. Ainsi les éleveurs et les acheteurs sont protégés. Le public ne peut légalement être trompé avec un papier de fausse inscription [LGA Section 63 (2)]. Il est un délit pouvant enchainer une action justicière envers toute personne qui délibérément, vend un animal d’une manière qui crée une fausse impression que l’animal est enregistré ou est susceptible d’être enregistré [LGA Section 64 (g)]. Le vieil adage Le vrai pouvoir, c’est la connaissance s’applique certainement à l’éleveur de pur-sang. Les éleveurs membre de l’association de race, ont contribué beaucoup de temps et d’efforts ainsi que des informations conduisant à des progrès génétiques non seulement bénéficiant leur propre troupeau, mais le cheptel canadien en général. Sans données, il n’y a aucune comparaison, sans comparaison il n’y a aucune amélioration et sans amélioration quel avenir avons-nous sur le plan de potentiel génétique? Avant de signer le chèque pour payer votre nouveau taureau, exigez son certificat d’enregistrement et faites en sorte que votre troupeau en bénéficiera. Pour plus d’informations, veuillez contacter l’Association Charolais 403.250.9242 or www.charolais.com.

Charolais Connection • March 2015


Charolais Connection • March 2015

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Winn Mans 9104A

Sparrows Birmingham x Winn Mans Lanza BW 90, Adj 205 wt 809

Winn Mans 780A

Winn Mans 635A

Winn Mans 662A

BHD Stout x Winn Mans Riata BW 100, Adj 205 wt 727

BHD Stout x Sparrows Durango BW 95, Adj 205 wt 694

MD Ontop x Sparrows Cajun BW 90, Adj 205 wt 834

Winn Mans 8103A

Winn Mans 244A

Winn Mans Lanza 610S

Sparrows Birmingham x Sparrows Durango BW 101, Adj 205 wt 712

Sparrows Birmingham x Sparrows Talisman BW 100, Adj 205 wt 754

A semen interest in this legend sells!

Winn Mans 988A

Winn Mans 1414A

Special Lot!

MD Ontop x Merit 7329T BW 89, Adj 205 wt 716

Winn Mans Marquez x MD Ali Trade BW 90, Adj 205 wt 699

Selling choice of our entire purebred cowherd. Over 150 cows to choose from!

Longest running One-Iron Charolais Bull Sale in Manitoba To receive a free detailed catalogue call, email or text: 16

JEFF, ASHLEY & KASSI BEYAK Ph: 204.656.4991 Cell: 204.648.6443

KEVIN & SHERRY BEYAK and Sons Box 487, Winnipegosis, MB R0L 2G0 Ph: 204.656.4689 • beyak@hotmail.ca

Charolais Connection • March 2015

SALES CONSULTANTS Kim Crandall 204.657.2267 Myles Masson 204.447.2266


QUALITY BULLS that will add the PERFORMANCE you want and the RETURN you need

On Offer: Elder’s Star Buck 284B • 3rd Gen Pld Elder’s Zeus x SVY Ad Invincible BW 104, Adj 205 764, Adj 365 1338 CE 82 BW 1.4 WW 46 YW 79 M 20 TM 43

39 Yearling Charolais Bulls

Elder’s Baltista 348B • Polled Sparrows Nixon x Bar J Silverado BW 104, Adj 205 731, Adj 365 1475 CE 64 BW 2.2 WW 44 YW 89 M 24.8 TM 47

• Many Polled • Some Red Factor • Guaranteed • Free delivery up to 200 km before May 1 or take them home sale day and deduct $100 from your total purchase Elder’s Bingo 294B • Red Factor, 3rd Gen Pld SRK Canyon x Elder’s Lil Boogie BW 90, Adj 205 717, Adj 365 1498 CE 100 BW -3.3 WW 43 YW 90 M 21.7 TM 43

Elder’s Buck 308B • 4th Gen Pld Elder’s Zeus x Sparrows Alliance BW 102, Adj 205 688, Adj 365 1448 CE 96 BW .1 WW 39 YW 64 M 14.6 TM 34

Thank you to all our previous buyers for supporting and believing in our program!

Call for a catalogue or view it and videos of the bulls online at www.eldercharolais.com Elder’s Banadero 321B • Polled Sparrows Nixon x JWX Silver Buckle BW 103, Adj 205 DW 728, Adj 365 DW 1322 CE 53 BW 2.8 WW 40 YW 87 M 27.3 TM 47

Elder’s Balboa 297B • Dbl Pld LAE Land of Plenty x MXS Mersyndol BW 106, Adj 205 834, Adj 365 1536 CE 72 BW 1.6 WW 54 YW 101 M 25.8 TM 53

Mel Elder Ron & Donna Elder 306-267-4986 Michael & Judy Elder 306-267-5655 Box 81 Coronach, SK S0H 0Z0 • relder@sasktel.net Visitors Welcome

Sale Manager

Feel free to stop by, have a coffee and view the bulls.

Charolais Connection • March 2015

306-584-7937 Helge By 306-536-4261 Candace By 306-536-3374 charolaisbanner@gmail.com 17


Selling: 66 Yearlings • 16 Two Year Olds A sample of the 16 two year olds on offer

DSY 351A • SEMINOLE x SANCHEZ CE 85 BW -1 WW 43 YW 86 M 27.5 TM 49 BW 84, Adj WW 791 DSY 92B • COPENHAGEN x SANTIAGO CE 75 BW .8 WW 43 YW 74 M 29.1 TM 45 BW 96, Adj WW 824, Adj YW 1438

DSY 212B • Seminole x Berlin CE 37 BW 3.7 WW 47 YW 100 M 24.5 TM 48 BW 110, Adj WW 793, Adj YW 1259

DSY 61B • COPENHAGEN x SANCHEZ CE 84 BW -.4 WW 39 YW 87 M 28.1 TM 48 BW 89, Adj WW 805, Adj YW 1525

DSY 182B • SEMINOLE x OAKRIDGE CE 34 BW 3.6 WW 57 YW 108 M 22.6 TM 51 • BW 109, Adj WW 841, Adj YW 1313

18

DSY 236B • ZIP LOCK x SANTIAGO CE 77 BW -.1 WW 43 YW 90 M 27 TM 49 BW 88, Adj WW 783, Adj YW 1429

Charolais Connection • March 2015


Join us for a presale lunch in our heated sale barn

DSY 124B • SEMINOLE x BERLIN CE 72 BW 1.3 WW 43 YW 89 M 24.6 TM 46 BW 97, Adj WW 841, Adj YW 1403 DSY 179B • SEMINOLE x SANCHEZ CE 63 BW 1.8 WW 47 YW 94 M 29.9 TM 53 BW 105, Adj WW 859, Adj YW 1521

DSY 156B • COPENHAGEN x BERLIN CE 60 BW 2 WW 39 YW 88 M 25 TM 45 BW 101, Adj WW 763, Adj YW 1395

ONLINE SALE WITH: Cattle in Motion, LLC Sarah Buchanan 1.888.554.VIDS

DSY 82B • COPENHAGEN x OAKRIDGE CE 93 BW -1.2 WW 37 YW 79 M 25.7 TM 44 BW 82, Adj WW 892, Adj YW 1558

WWW.CATTLEINMOTION.COM

Call for more information or view the catalogue and videos online at www.bylivestock.com Sale Manager:

Box 7, Miami, MB R0G 1H0

Dan & Pat Steppler • T 204-435-2021 Andre & Katie Steppler • T 204-435-2463 C 204-750-1951 @steppler_andre • stepplerfarms@hotmail.com www.stepplerfarms.com Charolais Connection • March 2015

306-584-7937 Helge By 306-536-4261 Candace By 306-536-3374 charolaisbanner@gmail.com 19


Most are Polled • Some Red Factor

HC BASKER 408B CE 73 BW 2.3 WW 42 YW 84 M 26.2 TM 47 SVY Northstar x HTA Crown Prince Polled • BW 102, Adj 205 651

BULLS 40 YEARLING TWO YEAR OLD BULLS 5

HC BARCELONA 477B CE 46 BW 4.2 WW 53 YW 90 M 21.1 TM 48 Elder’s Zeus 22Z x MXS Montana 4th Gen Pld • BW 106, Adj 205 811

HC BRANT 482B CE 67 BW 2.5 WW 46 YW 83 M 21 TM 44 Elder’s Zeus 22Z x Sparrows Sanchez Polled • BW 100, Adj 205 774

• Complete Performance Data Available • Bulls can be viewed any time • Video sale, come early to inspect the bulls and join us for lunch

HC BARON 409B CE 99 BW -3.6 WW 28 YW 69 M 27.5 TM 41 JWX Silver Bullet x Sparrows Sanchez Polled • BW 79, Adj 205 718

HC BROWNING 439B CE 96 BW -2.3 WW 62 YW 110 M 24.1 TM 55 SRK Canyon x Sparrows Alcatraz Red Factor, 3rd Gen Pld • BW 92, Adj 205 855

HC BORDEAUX 485B BW 4.6 WW 46 YW 79 M 14.9 TM 38 KCM Ultimate x PCFL Prince BW 100, Adj 205 656

Contact us for more information or view the videos and catalogue online at www.huntercharolais.com

Hunter Charolais Box 569, Roblin, MB R0L 1P0 Doug & Marianne Hunter 204-937-2531 C 204-937-7737 Jimmy & Amy Hunter 204-937-0219 Michael Hunter 204-247-0301 @HunterCharolais • huntchar@mymts.net 20

Charolais Connection • March 2015

Sale Manager:

306-584-7937 Helge By 306-536-4261 Candace By 306-536-3374 charolaisbanner@gmail.com www.bylivestock.com


Profile ~ Fahlman Cattle Co.

K

erry Fahlman may have made his money in the service industry of the oil business, but his heart has always been in the cow business. He was raised in Griffin, Saskatchewan, with baseball and purebred Angus cows. Kerry grew up being very active in sports but the farm just wasn’t big enough for everyone. He left to work as a welder in the oilfields of Alberta in 1974. He started his own business and a family in the Medicine Hat area. As we were doing this interview, a Saskatchewan Roughrider game was playing in the background and Kerry explained he still takes his Rider cup to the coffee shop every morning. Some parts of his Saskatchewan roots still remain. A member of the Soo Line Boxing Club in Weyburn growing up, Kerry was the Western Canadian Champion and won a bronze medal at Canada Winter Games in 1975. He was ranked third in Canada as a middle weight. When he moved he was still training out of a guy’s basement in Medicine Hat until he started a boxing club that is still running. He

Candace By

was a Boxing Alberta Director of Coaching for 5 years and is head coach in Medicine Hat. “No one else wants to travel with the team and it is hard to keep competitors if you don’t travel,” Kerry explains. “Normally we have 15-20 members in the club, with eight or nine serious about the sport. I became an official to Level 4

of 5 levels after I quit boxing. I was the most qualified official in Alberta for a few years and did quite a bit of officiating in the eighties. Then when our son Kody started competing, I gave that up and just kept coaching.” Kerry and Sandy have raised a family of five children, all very involved in sports. At one point,

Sage, Chad, Sandy, Kerry, Tyler, Kody and Skye Fahlman

Charolais Connection • March 2015

21


Sandy was in California for a never changed anything. We needed volleyball event and Kerry was in that first cross, it just wasn’t working Ireland for boxing. They were very for us, we sell pounds of beef. So I busy going many directions at the started to investigate cross-breeding same time. Hockey took them too with Hereford or Charolais. I talked many places to mention. Now they to the feedlots and they were travel to watch impressed with the Skye play hockey way the silvers feed, for the Red Deer the heifers were c I talked to the College team. feeding the same as Kody went the the steers. I feedlots and they longest in boxing, contacted our were impressed with achieving the rank buyers to see if they of third in Canada would bid on silvers the way the silvers for three years as a and they were really heavy weight. pumped about it. feed, the heifers Now Porter and Kerry also were feeding the McLean has bought volunteered as a our calves two years 4-H leader for d same as the steers. in a row and they 7 years and served are pretty happy on the 4-H District with them. I also ran Council. Now he into Gerry Bowes, the Charolais serves as the chairman of the Coach Kerry with three belt winners fieldman, at the market and had a big Southeast Livestock Feeders visit about the industry before the P Association. with an 85-95 pound birthweight to Bar 3 sale and he helped convince me breed our cows which are between Kerry works as a consultant in the it was the thing to do.” industry, as a liaison between the 1400-1500 pounds.” “We bought our first ten Charolais contractor and the land owner where “The first calving season with some bulls from P Bar 3 at their dispersal power lines are being built in Charolais sired calves was in the and three from the Bar Punch southern Alberta. It is a job he enjoys spring of 2013 with four feet of heavy dispersal held in conjunction with it. as he gets to look after the land and snowfall and serious windchill. We We gathered up a couple of other understands the importance of were trying to bring in 800 cows at groups and started the first year with night in corrals and just didn’t have protecting the environment. “These 26 Charolais bulls. Now we are up to people just don’t know you can’t the shelter we needed. That is all we 42 Charolais bulls. We select bulls clean up ruts in native grass.” It continued on page 24 allows him to share his passion and connection to the land in a role of positive stewardship. In the eighties, he started buying cattle while keeping them at other places. In the beginning he only bought yearlings so never had to worry about wintering anything. In the nineties he started buying cows and keeping some of his own cattle and really got into the cattle business. They had a closed black herd of Angus at that time. “Black got to be so popular, that Angus breeders started to keep everything instead of culling. They had the market to sell and sold everything they could. Our weaning weight started to drop but it might have been because we had a closed herd. With mid-April calving we were getting weaning weights of The Grand Champion Female purchased at the Regina Winter Fair in 1963, left to right: 625 lb. and they had dropped down Donald Fahlman (Kerry’s father), Holly (sister), Kerry, Memory (sister), Gary Pettit (cousin), Art Beach (breeder) and the herdsman to 550 on steers in a few years and we 22

Charolais Connection • March 2015


Charolais Connection • March 2015

23


could handle in the corrals. We had they were in good shape going into six people working around the clock. the winter. We weren’t alone and we We went through 600 round straw weren’t the worst hit in that difficult bales that spring. We couldn’t push spring, but we didn’t want to go snow anymore, we had to blow the through that again. We backed off snow and put straw out, only to turn the calving season a bit to the end of around and do it all again the next April to avoid the late winter storms. day. We tried to keep an area clear to Calving went considerably better calve in but it was an uphill battle. this year. We did it virtually every day We also changed the feed ration. throughout calving for almost a We feed tested and tested the water month. We lost and found we some calves and weren’t lacking in we had some large c We lost some any minerals. calves. DNA When the cows testing showed were grazing on calves and we had that it was in the free choice, just some large calves. cows and we standing around couldn’t blame it eating, the calves DNA testing showed on the bulls. For got bigger than years we had been they should have, that it was in keeping our so we changed our the cows and we biggest heifers as feed ration. We replacements and feed 20 lb. of hay, couldn’t blame it the birth weight 10 lb. of straw and had to have been 10 lb. of rolled on the bulls. d mostly from them. barley and natural Every bull we kelate minerals. We tested had one large try to graze into calf and only a couple had two big November and feel it makes a birth weight calves. Only half of the difference when the cows are moving herd was our breeding program. The around grazing. We mouthed rest of them were from reputation everything and culled 200 cows on herds at dispersals.” feet, bags, teeth, late breeding and “We had cows calve and just walk dry cows. Some just didn’t breed away from their calves. It was selfback after the tough winter. We kept preservation. We lost 125 calves and the younger end of the cows that lost 30 cows in that brutal spring and their calves because it really wasn’t their fault. We kept the bulls out a little longer because the calf prices were so good. We normally leave the bulls out 60-70 days and try to keep a bull for every 20 cows. So we had some late calves that were only around 350 lb. at weaning, but this year that was still $1200. We will work on tightening the calving interval back to where we want it.” “We ultrasound a week after weaning. New cows in the herd get IBR if we don’t know anything about them. We try not to needle anything, only as a last resort. The calves get nasal pneumonia spray at birth and Vitamin E. We have a health protocol, but we try to raise healthy cattle with stamina that don’t need a lot of attention.” 24

Charolais Connection • March 2015

continued on page 26


MXS 404B Craftsman x Revalation BW 81, 205 DW 750, 365 DW 1257

MXS 443B Roundup x Deliverance BW 97, 205 DW 868, 365 DW 1375

MXS 446B Landmark x Deliverance BW 104, 205 DW 844, 365 DW 1311

MXS 453B Spitfire x Detonator BW 110, 205 DW 837, 365 DW 1425

MXS 464B Northstar x Spitfire BW 104, 205 DW 930, 365 DW 1285

Charolais Connection • March 2015

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“The weaning weights have come up considerably by crossbreeding with Charolais. The first year they weren’t sorted separate from the Angus calves, so we weren’t sure what we gained in weaning. We had no rattails.” This past September, Kerry was nervous about the market and put his calf crop out for tender for November 10th delivery.The bids on the calves came based on pictures.The steers were contracted for $2.9425/lb for 550 weights and heifers at $2.95/lb for 500 weights with a .0035 slide to the order buying firm of Porter and McLean Livestock Management Inc. “We had 850 to calve last spring and have expanded to 900 cows this year, after culling 200 cows in 2013.This past fall we did get some black heifers bought and some good older black baldie cows. Breeding Charolais, I am prepared to buy my own replacements, although I may just breed these baldies I just bought to Angus and raise some of my own. I bought 75 baldies at the One-Four Research Herd dispersal a few years ago, but there were about 350 more 1400-1450 pound straight black cows and should have bought more.” He has 200 cows in Alberta on fifteen quarters of deeded grassland and 300 acres of irrigation. They could keep more cows in this space, but it would require more help. The majority of the cowherd is kept on share arrangements in Saskatchewan. They put up 4000 bales and buy the grain they require for feed. “We would like to get up to 1500 cows and keep leasing or renting land if we can get more. conclusion on page 28

Sandy & Kerry Fahlman

26

Charolais Connection • March 2015


Charolais Connection • March 2015

27


c The weaning weights have come up considerably by crossbreeding with Charolais. d

This year we are doing a lot more grazing on rented grass with grain pellets spread on top of processed grass-alfalfa mix along with free choice mineral.” “We want all black or black baldie cows and are considering supplying replacements for our Saskatchewan herd out of our Alberta herd. I found a good set of Herefords cows, and plan to breed them Angus to produce my own replacements. I prefer black on

Hereford as opposed to Hereford on Angus cows. It would be nice to buy them all locally according to where they are going to be kept. Avoiding the adjustment time to get into peak production would be optimum.” The cattle business is always a learning process and being adaptable is necessary. Kerry has proven that being adaptable can also be profitable and switching to Charolais bulls on his black cows has proven to be just that.

Left: Charolais bulls going out for the first time with the herd

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Charolais Connection • March 2015


ON OFFER: Charolais and Black Angus Yearling and Two Year Old Bulls and Open Commercial Replacement Heifers

• All bulls are ranch raised and performance tested • Delivery available • Free board until May 1

CWC 47B • SPARROWS ELDORADO 361L x LAE X-PLOSIVE 29X

CWC 65B • IMPAIR x BORDERLANDS ICON 153N

CWC 1B • IMPAIR x WCR SIR FA MAC 2244

CWC 117B • BORDERLANDS TRUE BLUE 65Z x MVX COUGARHILL HANK 720G

Thank you to our 2014 supporters! CWC 113B • LAE X-PLOSIVE 29X x MVX COUGARHILL HANK 720G

Find us on Facebook ~ Borderland Cattle Company

Rockglen, SK

Glenn, Wendy & Wyatt Ching • 306-476-2439 View the catalogue online at: www.borderlandcattleco.com Charolais Connection • March 2015

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Charolais Connection • March 2015


Charolais Connection • March 2015

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Charolais Connection • March 2015


Charolais Connection • March 2015

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HERD HEALTH

Hands on Synchronization Programs Roy Lewis, DVM

We have come a long way from the synchronization programs of one shot of prostaglandins observation and breeding according to heat. Prostaglandins are still a very useful tool in combination with other drugs and the intravaginal devices containing progesterone. Many of you will have seen the numerous protocols put out for synchronization. ABS (American breeders Service) had this nice summary in one of their catalogues. The only problem with so many choices it might become confusing and if protocols are changed or times are not strictly adhered to disastrous conception rates follow. In my experience the best protocol for a number of reasons is the COSynch plus Intravaginal progesterone-releasing device (CIDRs). First off, if this is the program which is decided, get the flow sheets laminated and put up on the fridge or someplace else so it can easily be followed. With this program there is a slight difference in the time period after the prostaglandin shot that being six hours shorter for heifers so please note that before proceeding. Keep in mind this program is really good for allowing full synchronization so all cattle are bred at the same time. Some producers do AI a few if they come into heat early but the rest are AIed at once. There is no need for heat detection. Cattle are run through the chute a total of three times including when they are AIed over a ten day period so your handling set up must be decent. Good facilities reduce labor and decrease stress on the cattle which all helps get higher conception rates. As with handling of any of the medicines keep them from freezing or getting too hot. A very important point shots are intramuscular so 34

make sure and use at least a 1.5 inch needle and give the injections in the neck where you can get into the muscle. Because the dosages of both the GNRH and Prostaglandin are smaller it is critical to get them all into a site where they will be absorbed quickly. Fertagyl, Fertiline Cystorelin and Factrel are the GNRH products used and efficacy is good on all. As far as the prostaglandins are concerned the two oldest ones are lutalyse and estrumate but there are also several generic products licensed. Estrumate has a 2cc dose whereas lutalyse is 5cc. A very common mistake is changing products but not changing the dosage so underdosing or overdosing is the result. Both mistakes especially the undersdosing can greatly mess with any synchronization program so follow the label closely. We always hear about the high and low pregnancy rates but a good average on a timed AI program is 50%. The time frames are critical and don’t synchronize more than you can possibly A.I. in three hours. Semen must be placed at the ideal time and of course follow all the artificial insemination protocols for handling thawing and placing the semen. Keep the area clean and use a good absorbent towel to clean the vulvar area. The following chart has been adapted from the ABS catalogue so follow it and good conception should follow using the intravaginal device.

As with any breeding program cattle must be cycling be in good nutrition with an adequate body condition score (2.5-3.5), and have a sound mineral program. Cows should be 60 days from calving so their uterus has fully involuted (contracted down) and they are ready to rebreed. Cattle on a rising plane of nutrition so they are gaining weight will also have a better conception rate. The demands of a calf sucking milk on the cow needs to be replaced by good quality feed in the cows diet otherwise cycling will not happen. For heifers you can use a program using MGA (Megesterol Acetate) that keeps the heifers from cycling. This is fed for fourteen days and is then removed. The heifers come into heat but it is not a fertile heat so they are given a shot of prostaglandins to complete the synchronization and the heifers are then bred according to detected heat. The majority will be in heat over about a three-day window. All synchronization programs require a strict adherence to detail and timing. There are many different protocols out there so work with your veterinarian to determine which ones they have had the best success with. Another good reference will be your semen sales rep as they usually have experience with AI and often work with the local veterinarian to implement synchronization programs. If in doubt about any of the details ask questions. Ideally it is best if men do the handling of the continued on page 36

Charolais Connection • March 2015


ll dbu Her ect p To rosp P

TTSS 1A 3rd Gen Pld

TTSS 23A

Actd. BW 93

Act BW 108

BW -.2 WW 38.9 YW 68.9 M 17.5

BW 2.3 WW 48.7 YW 88.4 M 16.8

Dbl Pld

LAE Eldorado x Westdale Lariat

Cedarlea Gridmaker x LAE Eldorado TSS 13A 3rd Gen Pld Act BW 88 BW .7 WW 41.7 YW 72.4 M 17.2

June Rose Charolais Box 321, Simpson, SK S0G 4M0 Peter, Lynne and Shannon Stewart

T 306-836-4613 Trevor & Tammy Stewart & family

T 306-946-2456 • C 306-946-8474 junerose@sasktel.net •

@junerosechar

Cedarlea Gridmaker x LAE Eldorado

DPS 2B • Merit Roundup x 4-G Fireball BW 97, 205 DW 743, 365 DW 1289 CE 84 BW -2.5 WW 43 YW 80 M 24.1 TM 45

DPS 4B • SVS Nobleman x SVY Focus Pld BW 99, 205 DW 799, 365 DW 1458 CE 95 BW .6 WW 38 YW 74 M 26.6 TM 46

DPS 6B • Merit Roundup x Whitecap Trilogy BW 89, 205 DW 791, 365 DW 1485 CE 94 BW -3.6 WW 48 YW 93 M 23 TM 47

Donnie & Heather Swistun RR 1, North Battleford, SK S9A 2X3

306.445.9868 • C 306.481.6680 Charolais Connection • March 2015

DPS 11B • SVY Focus Pld x HTA Whitehot BW 107, 205 DW 767, 365 DW 1479 CE 75 BW 2.9 WW 44 YW 81 M 20.4 TM 42

35


NEWS

Industry Info Harris-Teeter Offers Very Tender Beef The Harris-Teeter grocery chain is the first retailer in the United States to offer USDA Certified Very Tender beef. The new certification guarantees consumers the highest-quality tender tasting experience, according to a company press release. Cargill Meat Solutions, which is the major supplier of beef for HarrisTeeter, was the first processor to have its tender program certified by USDA. Cuts eligible for certification include: ribeye, striploin, sirloin, tenderloin and top blade. Taco Bell Joins Paleo Diet Fast food giant Taco Bell has joined the popular Paleo or Paleolithic diet – the all new protein-crammed craze so named after what some believe that cavemen consumed. Taco Bell has introduced their new Cantina Power menu, led by its steak Power Bowl. Also included on the company’s menu is a steak Power Burito with a double servicing of meat and 29 grains of protein, plus a chicken Power Bowl with 28 grams of protein and Power Greek Yogurt, which contains 17 grams of protein. Livestock Manure an Asset Livestock manure is a nutrientpacked resource that should not be regulated in the same way as human waste, according to Washington State University researchers, who say that human waste often contains pathogenic organisms and heavy metals that are not found in livestock waste. Also, nutrients are more dispersed in manure than in conventional fertilizers. Typically, larger volumes of manure are utilized compared to that of synthetic or chemical

fertilizers. Nitrogen, mostly in ammonium and organic forms in manure, is taken up by crops at much higher rates. Methane Reduction Methods Australian researchers have discovered that supplementing cattle diets with nitrates works effectively to reduce the emission of methane. Researchers believe that the discovery has a significant impact on the environment and may also have beneficial marketing opportunities. Major supermarkets in Australia already require their suppliers to measure emissions so it is probable that those retailers will utilize the emission reduction methods as a marketing tool in appealing to their environmentally inclined customers. Compensation for Russian Import Ban European farmers are being compensated in the wake of Russia’s ban on importation of fruits and vegetables. Farmers complained that they were shouldering an unfair share of costs associated with sanctions put in place against Russia after the Kremlin’s aggression against Ukraine. The European Commission is compensating farmers for perishable crops such as tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers. Prices had dropped dramatically after the loss of EU farmers largest outside market. Children Need Meat According to a new study first published in the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, children need to eat more meat as early as 12-16 months of age. Researchers cautioned that inadequate meat consumption compromises iron levels

of youngsters in a period of crucial growth. What has been called the current world wide “low meat trend” has been linked to an increase in the use of infant formula instead of meat, eliminating a natural source of iron and other nutrients. It was determined that as many as one in five children is not receiving any meat and almost half were receiving inadequate amounts. USDA Proposing Ground Beef Regulations USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service is proposimg a requirement that all makers of raw ground beef products keep records to further protect consumers from foodborne illnesses, by ensuring that retailers can trace products to their sources. Retail outlets routinely make ground beef by mixing cuts of beef that are derived from various sources. If the USDA proposal is finalized, it will require retailers to keep clear records identifying sources, suppliers and names of all materials used in the preparation of raw, ground beef products. Misleading Organic Claims Blocked Misleading language in organic packaging, that has all too often served only to confuse consumers, is being reined in by USDA. Specifically, the agency is addressing companies that market food products that have the word “organic” or “organics” in their brand name. Some companies have been selling products that do not qualify for use of the word and have been getting away with misleading messaging to consumers because they have used it in their trade name.

HERD HEALTH, CONTINUED FROM PAGE 34 prostaglandin, as there is a huge safety factor if women are handling it as on the label it has not to be handled by women of child bearing age If you implement a 36

synchronization program you can cut down on bull power and can utilize the best genetics in the industry. Your calving interval can be shortened as well. It all can work well and a Charolais Connection • March 2015

desirable conception rate achieved as long as all the steps are followed in order of sequence and at the proper times. May the conception rate be high this spring!


SELLING: 30 Yearling Charolais Bulls 8 Two Year Old Charolais Bulls 20 Yearling Red Angus Bulls 1 Two Year Old Red Angus Bull

HMG 8B Sparrows Richmond x Chardel 206M BW -.7 WW 25 YW 57 M 25.6 TM 38

2 Yearling Black Angus Bulls

 BUYER’S DRAW

HMG 45B

25% OFF

Wood River Country Boy x P-3 Perfect Lad BW 2.1 WW 40 YW 71 M 17.3 TM 37

purchase of a bull

HMG 54B

HMG 60B CSS Sir Gridmaker x Sparrows Richmond BW 4.7 WW 46 YW 83 M 20.9 TM 44

HMG 52B SAV Pioneer x Red Howe Finest Tradition BW 1.4 WW 72 YW 126 M 22 TM 58

HMG 56B

CSS Sir Gridmaker x Wood River Country Boy BW -1.7 WW 38 YW 67 M 20.9 TM 40

Red Wilbar Colossus x Red Howe Finest Tradition BW .2 WW 47 YW 70 M 11 TM 34

Murray & Nicole Blake & family Box 86, McCord, SK S0H 2T0

306-478-2520 C 306-478-7088 Shane 306-301-9140 woodrivercharolais@sasktel.net Charolais Connection • March 2015

37


C2 BROADWAY 2B KCM Ultimate x PCFL Prince

C2 BROCK 31B C2 BAUER 16B

3rd Gen Pld • HTA Senator x High Bluff Hank

3rd Gen Pld • HTA Urban Legend x JWX Quiksilver

C2 BEASLEY 72B C2 BOISE 19B

4th Gen Pld • Soder Rhapsody x LEK Ease

Red Factor, Dbl Pld • KEYS All State x Steppler Red Baron 1

38

Charolais Connection • March 2015


17 Two Year Olds • 39 Yearlings • Most are Polled • Some Red Factor

YEARLINGS that will add the PERFORMANCE YOU WANT TWO YEAR OLD BULLS that aren’t leftovers, but DEVELOPED TO SERVE MORE COWS Sale Manager

Consignors C2 CHAROLAIS Jeff & Jackie Cavers 204-242-3467 C 204-242-4448

R & G MCDONALD LIVESTOCK Ron & Gail McDonald 204-466-2883 C 204-724-2811

HAPPY HAVEN CHAROLAIS Kevin & Crystal Stebeleski 204-234-5425 C 204-365-6010

DOUBLE P STOCK FARMS Jared Preston 204-732-2054 C 204-647-5416

JOHNSTON CHAROLAIS Scott & Shelley Johnston 204-749-2247 C 204-723-5030

BURNSIDE CHAROLAIS Cory Burnside 204-385-2473 C 204-841-0018

SUNBLADE CHAROLAIS Tyler Stewart 204-847-2213 C 204-847-0612

CATTLE LAC CHAROLAIS Tyler Wilkinson 204-448-2181 C 204-447-0284

306-584-7937 Helge By 306-536-4261 Candace By 306-536-3374 charolaisbanner@gmail.com

View the catalogue online at www.bylivestock.com Charolais Connection • March 2015

39


CANADIAN CHAROLAIS YOUTH ASSOCIATION NEWS

Selling Your 4H Steer Luke Marshall, National Board President

I guess it’s true that time really does fly. Already the middle of February and I still find myself writing 2014 on things. It’s exciting though, getting to see the new calf crop and what each bull continues to offer as well as the excitement and anticipation for the first calves out of new bulls and how they will grow and turnout. Also exciting about this time of year is scouting catalogues for the next possible herdsire. Making a decision that you won’t have the final result on for almost two years is a bit of a daunting yet exciting task. But it’s also a bit of a daunting task being on the other side of it when trying to CCYA NATIONAL BOARD charolaisyouth@gmail.com President: Sarah Weinbender sarah.weinbender@gmail.com Vice-President: Shae-Lynn Evans evans32s@uregina.ca Treasurer: Courtney Black petunia-101@hotmail.com Secretary: Tomina Jackson tomi_j_@hotmail.com

sell your 4H steer. When I was in 4H it was one of the best days of the year when I got to tell my steer. However, I always found the time leading up to the sale a little bit nerve wracking as the anticipation built and I wanted to make sure I had everything right to maximize the price I sold my steer for. So let me pass on a few tips that I wish I would have figured out earlier. The first thing to remember is that most all of the buyers are not there with the primary objective to buy a steer for the purpose of beef, but rather to invest in you. It is important to remember this when buyers come by, don’t be afraid to be the one to say hi first, even if the buyer seems intimidating. You never know who

Director: Luke Marshall lsm742@mail.usask.ca Director: Megan McLeod rmeganmcleod@rvschools.ab.ca Director: Wyatt Ching gw.ching@sasktel.net Director: Rachael Verwey verweyr@myumanitoba.ca

2015 CCYA Conference & Show Exec. President: Sarah Weinbender sarah.weinbender@gmail.com Vice-President: Wyatt Ching jppreston223@gmail.com Sec-Treas: Laura Weinbender

ON: Billie-Jo Saunders dbjsaunders@gmail.com MB: Donna Jackson Jackson7@mymts.net AB: Kasey Phillips kphillips@mcsnet.ca

CCYA Provincial Advisors SK: Suzanne Smyth suzannetylersmyth@gmail.com

Youth Coordinator: Kirstin Sparrow kp.sparrow@hotmail.com

Shown at the National

KTS 4B • Polled • Cougarhill Hank son BW 100, 205 DW 781, 365 DW 1279

might be the one to buy your steer or rather to invest in your future. It is also important to do a good job of promoting yourself and your sale. The more buyers that you attract to the sale will help you out even if they don’t all bid on or buy your steer directly, so by going to local businesses and spreading posters you will not only help yourself, but your whole sale. Remember that you don’t have anything to lose, and even if they don’t buy your steer, they definitely wouldn’t have if you didn’t pay them a visit or let them know. So don’t be afraid to get out there and sell yourself and talk to as many buyers as you can. And remember to SMILE, it’s an exciting day so have fun with it.

Herdbull Prospect

RED 211A • Dbl Pld • FFBB Red Buckle Pld son DST 28B • XAL Firestruck son shown in Brandon BW 82, 205 DW 701, Feb 9 1850 BW 104, 205 DW 840, 365 DW 1531

HAPPY HAVEN CHAROLAIS

Kevin & Crystal Stebeleski • Box 266, Oakburn, MB R0J 1L0 • 204-234-5425 C 204-365-6010 • happyhaven@goinet.ca

40

Charolais Connection • March 2015


Watch for ou r consignmen ts in the

RAMM 10B • Sire: Merit Roundup BW 100, Sept 21 WW 820, Jan 24 1280 BW 2 WW 53 YW 100 M 23 TM 50

in Neepawa , March 31 or privately at the farm

JFC 301A • 3rd Gen Pld • No Doubt x Specialist 81 lb BW – Recommended for heifers

RAMM 26B • Sire KEYS All State BW 105, Sept 21 WW 780, Jan 24 1180 BW 2.2 WW 46 YW 90 M 15 TM 38

• Summer calved • Designed to produce two-year olds

cD O N A L D L I V E S T

O

CK

RAMM 12B • Sire: SRK Canyon BW 92, Sept 21 WW 810, Jan 24 1265 BW -.6 WW 53 YW 100 M 22 TM 48

M &G

Ron & Gail McDonald Box 85, Sidney, MB R0H 1L0 H 204-466-2883 C 204-724-2811 rgmcdonaldlivestock@inethome.ca

R

RAMM 8B • Sire: Merit Roundup BW 80, Sept 21 WW 785, Jan 24 1240 BW -4.2 WW 41 YW 79 M 24 TM 44

JFC 315A • Polled, Red Factor • Nobleman x Uncas 103 lb BW • Feb 11 1935 lb.

Where quality and value meet

Johnston Charolais JFC 320A • 3rd Gen Pld • All State x Kokanee 93 lb BW – Extra hair

Scott & Shelley Johnston Box 123, Rathwell, MB R0G 1S0 204.749.2247 C 204.723.5030 h.scott.johnston@gmail.com Charolais Connection • March 2015

JFC 331A • All State x Kokanee 106 lb BW – Lots of meat

41


TWN BULLET PROOF 18B • 3rd Gen Pld LAE Wichita x Pleasant Dawn Volcano

TWN BULLSEYE 8B Merit Roundup x LAE Wichita

View the catalogue online at

www.charolaisbanner.com

BULLS also FOR SALE by private treaty AT THE FARM

Tyler & Nicole Stewart Box 26, Foxwarren, MB R0J 0R0 TWN BLOCKBUSTER 7B • Red Factor, 4th Gen Pld Pleasant Dawn Volcano x LAE Wichita

JTA Diamond CHAROLAIS BULL SALE On the farm • Saturday, March 28, 2015 • 1:00 PM Two Year Olds & Yearlings All Semen Tested • Red & Whites Contact: Jerome & Cindy Tremblay 306-394-4406 • Courval, SK

FOR SALE  SEMEN TANK AND SEMEN • 18XT tank, stored inside and not transported • Semen includes 250 straws Ernmore Trooper 8U (Dempsey son, Mac236 grandson) 7 straws Roxy’s Jack Dempsey 63R Small quantity of various Ernmore bulls • Also AI kit in stainless tool box

Ernmore Trooper 8U

Taking Offers: ROYAL OAK CHAROLAIS • Tom Carruthers • Morden MB 204-822-1398 • carrut@mymts.net

42

Charolais Connection • March 2015

204-847-0612 sunbladecharolais@hotmail.com


G LIN L E S

4R0LING

YEA ULLS B

11TH ANNUAL BULL SALE March 28, 2015, 1:00 p.m. Ashern Auction Mart, Ashern, MB

TMJF Backtrack 325B • 3rd Gen Pld Merit Roundup x Baldridge Fasttrack CE 97 BW -1.9 WW 55 YW 102 M 23 TM 51 BW 104, Sept 30 WW 897

TMJF Brayshaw 339B • 3rd Gen Pld Merit Roundup x LT Western Edge CE 99 BW -5.3 WW 43 YW 82 M 21.9 TM 44 BW 86, Sept 30 WW 748

TMJF Bradshaw 336B • Dbl Pld EC/CY Millionaire x LT Bluegrass CE 97 BW -1.6 WW 39 YW 70 M 19.2 TM 39 BW 105, Sept 30 WW 734

TMJF Bowso 335B • 3rd Gen Pld HBSF Zorro x Bar J Silverado CE 70 BW 1.3 WW 37 YW 73 M 20.3 TM 39 BW 108, Sept 30 WW 768

TMFJ Bradley 352B • 4th Gen Pld Winn Mans Bonita x TMJF Tomson CE 97 BW -.2 WW 55 YW 103 M 23.3 TM 51 BW 108, Sept 30 WW 698

TMJF Barkley 315B • 3rd Gen Pld LT Bluegrass x HTA Hotsy CE 100 BW -4.4 WW 37 YW 71 M 23.7 TM 42 BW 95, Sept 30 WW 790

All Bulls Semen Tested We will keep them until May 1 View the sale catalogue online at www.charolaisbanner.com • Many A.I. sired and all of the sires have been used on our own heifers.

For catalogues or information contact:

• Most bulls have below breed average Birth Weight EPD and above breed average Weaning Weight EPD

Terry & Marilyn Johnson Box 206, Ashern, MB R0C 0E0

Tee M Jay Charolais Ph: 204.768.2819

Charolais Connection • March 2015

tmjfarm@mts.net

43


MANAGEMENT

Cattle Handling Pointers – Stockmanship and Low Stress Handling Ron Gill, PhD, Rick Machen, PhD, Professor and Extension Specialists, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Understanding Cattle Behavior

There are three basic means of communicating with livestock. Very simply they are: • Sight • Sound • Touch Cattle prefer to communicate through line of sight. Good stockmanship and low-stress handling can only be accomplished when a complete understanding of how a prey animal responds to line of sight and adoption of these in livestock handling are in place. Understanding the link between cattle’s eyesight and their movement and behavior is critical in handling and in facility design. Noise of any kind, but in particular the human voice, is usually stressful and marginally successful in getting the desired result. Sound should be used as a secondary method of communication and preferably only used when sight and position is not adequate. Distracting sounds shift cattle’s focus away from the desired direction. Touch is really only useful in situations where animals are confined and additional stimulus is needed to get cattle to move or respond. Effective touch does not include the use of driving aids such as hotshots or sorting sticks or paddles. There are five basic principles of cattle behavior that when used properly can improve the ease and speed of working cattle while reducing stress and increasing efficiency. Those principles are: 1. Cattle want to see you. Understanding vision is foundational to handler positioning and cattle response. Cattle have excellent peripheral vision with the exceptions of blind spots directly behind (large) and in front of (small) them. When working from behind and to keep cattle from turning, it is important to stay in their sight by

moving from side to side. 2. Cattle want to go around you. This is also related to the desire to maintain visual contact allowing the handler to get in a position such that, when cattle do go around them, the cattle are pointed directly at the intended gate or destination. They’ll think it was their idea to go there. 3. Cattle want to be with and will go to other cattle. A herding instinct is natural among ‘prey’ animals. Stockmen can take advantage of this natural instinct as they work from the front of cattle. Start the front – the back will follow. 4. Cattle want to remove pressure. The natural instinct of a cow is to return to the last known safe or comfortable place. This behavior is in response to pressure and their desire to remove pressure. Handlers use this to their advantage when sorting and moving cattle from one corral to another. The simple principle of the return box or “Bud Box” takes advantage of this instinct. 5. Cattle can only process one main thought at a time. If cattle are thinking about anything other than what you are asking them to do, change their focus before putting pressure on them.

Handling Cattle In Corrals Handling cattle in corrals is somewhat different than handling cattle in open pastures or large feeding pens. The main difference is the cattle’s inability to remove pressure by moving away from human pressure. Because the entire basis of stockmanship and low-stress handling is pressure and release the handler must be aware that cattle confined in corrals may not be able to move far enough away from the handler to completely remove pressure. If they cannot then the

stress level increases in the cattle. Effective stockmanship skills are based on pressure and release. An animal will quickly learn to tolerate pressure and not develop stress if they perceive a way for pressure to be released. It is critical that cattle are trained while in a pasture setting or at least in a large corral until the flight zone is reduced to a point the cattle can become content while confined in a corral. Cattle are intelligent and usually do what they are asked to do. However, if asked incorrectly cattle will likely not respond as the handler intended. When this happens we have come to rely on facilities, equipment or manpower to force cattle to do what is needed. This results in increased stress on cattle and handlers and results in cattle becoming more and more difficult to handle. The job of a handler is to teach an animal to tolerate pressure and stress for short periods of time. The role of a handler in stockmanship is to create movement in cattle and then use position to control and manage that movement to the desired result. When cattle loose movement they become reluctant to work. When movement is lost, excessive pressure, force and driving aids are more likely to be used. Creating and managing movement is key to achieving effective stockmanship. However, when cattle are confined into crowded corrals there is an inherent loss in movement that makes stockmanship and handling somewhat more difficult. Although working pens are smaller there is more than adequate room to get cattle to establish some movement as a group. It is important to not overcrowd any corral, pen, or crowding area with too many cattle. continued on page 46

44

Charolais Connection • March 2015


Box 73, Cardale, MB R0K 0J0 Wayne & Melva Ramsey 204-566-2314 C204-764-0386 Matthew & Sarah Ramsey 204-365-2729 C204-365-0976 lazyjranch.mb@hotmail.com

WMM Brock 431B • 4th Gen Pld HTA Conrad x HTA Hunter Polled BW 108, Sept 10 690, Feb 11 1310

15 BULLS SELL at Chopper K Red Angus & guest Campbells Charolais Bull Sale • 2:00 April 1st, 2015 Alameda, SK

Janelle Campbell Box 93, Griffin, SK S0C 1G0 ccfarms@sdcwireless.com

306-842-6231

A sample of our 10 bulls to HTA & Guests Bull Sale Nine sired by our herdsire HTA CONRAD 248Z

WMM Builder 406B • 3rd Gen Pld HBSF Zorro x Whitecap Domination BW 106, Sept 10 685, Feb 11 1280

Campbells Charolais CAMPBELLS BAM BAM 217B

CAMPBELLS BUSY BOY 381B

CAMPBELLS BUSINESS 425B

Pleasant Dawn 601Z x Pleasant Dawn Arkay 41W • BW 104, 3rd Gen Pld BW 2.1 WW 47 YW 89 M 26 TM 49 Powerful and complete

Pleasant Dawn Magnum 26T x DBLG’s Champ 9J • BW 105, 3rd Gen Pld BW 1.8 WW 43 YW 84 M 27 TM 49 Performance, length and hair

Pleasant Dawn Magnum 26T x Granada’s Red Ace • BW 91, Red Factor, 3rd Gen Pld BW .3 WW 38 YW 76 M 28 TM 47 Thick, deep and quiet

Also selling Red Angus Bulls from Chopper K Thank you to all our past, present and future customers for their support Charolais Connection • March 2015

45


The key will be to work cattle in smaller groups as you get into smaller pens and processing areas. Understanding behavior and handler position can make this much less of a problem when moving cattle out of holding pens and to processing and shipping facilities. These same principles apply when pulling one animal from the pen or when sorting cattle out of pens. The entire premise of low-stress handling is keeping stress to a minimum. In a very simple explanation of stress... If you decide to do something it is not stressful; if you are forced to do something it will be stressful. Sound stockmanship involves convincing an animal the intended movement is their idea. Force is avoided and stress is reduced. The handler has to understand behavior before this can work. To understand behavior a sound understanding of flight zone and point of balance is needed.

Flight zone The flight zone or “pressure zone” refers to the area around an animal where it begins to feel uncomfortable and perceives pressure. Movement by animal or human into that zone will elicit a response away from that intrusion. Use of the zone allows humans to manage movement in cattle. The most common figure depicting the concept of flight zone and point of balance is shown below. The most important point to remember about the flight zone is not the zone; it is the area immediately outside the flight zone. Stockmen must learn to anticipate, read and manage this ‘boundary’ area. When approaching an animal it is important to predict the response to your approaching the flight zone. If the desired movement is not going to occur, the handler should retreat, reposition and return from a different angle.

Point of Balance Another key part of effective stockmanship is understanding and manipulating the point of balance. The diagram above indicates the point of balance to be the point of the shoulder. Point of balance varies greatly among animals and is influenced by pressure from front or behind, draw of cattle ahead, push of cattle behind and whether or not they are comfortable going by the handler. Suffice it to say that the point of balance on any given 46

animal is not necessarily where it is drawn on the diagram above. The point of balance is not static and is actually related to handler position relative to the animal’s eye. Flight zone and point of balance are not static and can be manipulated and changed by human management. Flight zones need to be reduced on wild or nervous cattle and point of balance needs to be moved forward. Both can and should be done with proper handling.

Handling Pointers Keeping these behavioral principles and methods of communicating in mind, following is a list of ten handling pointers to keep in mind and a few suggestions that will improve the ease of handling cattle, whether they are being gathered from the pasture or processed through the corrals. 1. Slow down so you can be fast. “Never mistake motion for accomplishment” Patience is a great virtue when moving or working cattle. When handlers get in a hurry, inevitably excessive or incorrect pressure is placed on cattle, which usually results in an unintended reaction from the cattle that must be corrected before work can continue. Most handlers have the mind set that as they go to a pen they are going through the gate and to the back of the pen to push the cattle out. Often little attention is paid as they enter the gate or move to the back of the pen. Nothing could be further from what needs to be done when handling cattle effectively. It is critical that handlers slow down as they approach cattle. Pay attention to cattle’s reaction to your presence and use that to set up the next move. 2. Work from the front to draw cattle to you. This goes back to the basic principle #1. Cattle can be easily controlled from the front if they are not afraid of a human. (If they are afraid you are a long way from being able to handle cattle using low stress principles). Working from the front maintains their focus on the intended direction of movement. By moving in and out of the flight zone and across the point of balance, cattle can be easily drawn forward and past the handler. This is a key point in working with cattle in confinement. Pushing cattle out of confinement pens can be difficult and stressful on cattle and handlers. When moving cattle from a pen work from the front and draw the cattle toward the gate or opening. Start flow out into the alleyway and then work from the side of the group to keep flow going out the gate. 3. Cattle must be comfortable to go by you and stay straight. If cattle are not comfortable going by the handler, they will not work very well. Working from the front requires cattle to be comfortable passing by without balking or spooking. This simple principle facilitates penning, sorting and processing cattle. As point of balance moves forward (with training), moving, sorting and working cattle gets easier. Thus

Charolais Connection • March 2015


using the draw of other cattle makes it easier to work and sort cattle in an alley or from one corral to another. 4. Apply pressure when cattle have a place to go. Success of handling cattle depends on knowing when and where to apply pressure and how much pressure to apply. The other key component to effective stockmanship is setting the cattle up to go where you want them to go before you apply pressure. Equally important is the release of pressure as soon as the desired result is achieved. Low stress livestock handling is not about handling cattle without pressure. I reality it often requires a lot of pressure for a short period of time. 5. Pressure cattle from behind only when absolutely necessary. Like any ‘prey’ animal, cattle cannot see directly behind. If you assume a position directly behind cattle (in their blind spot), they will turn to one side or the other in order to see you. To ‘drive’ cattle in a straight line, assume a position behind their point of balance (shoulder) and off to either side. You can also work in a zigzag fashion behind the cattle causing them to switch eyes and move straight forward. Note: Move cattle in smaller groups. Larger groups are difficult to drive behind when motion is lost in the front of the cattle. Excess pressure has to be place on the cattle in the rear in order to force movement to resume throughout the group. 6. Pressure from the side. This relates back to working from the front and down the side of an animal and not working from directly behind (in their largest blind spot). By working from the side the eye can be manipulated as needed to move an animal in any direction 7.Going with the flow of cattle slows them down or stops their movement. It’s all about that point of balance – as you move in the same direction cattle are traveling, when you approach a position parallel to their point of balance, they will slow down, and as you pass the point of balance they will stop. The important part in this process is to get the cattle to stop without reversing their direction. Teach them to stop and stay pointed in the direction they were headed. 8. Going against the flow of cattle initiates or accelerates their movement. Using the point of balance as the tool to initiate movement passing from the front to the back signals an animal to move forward. Once movement is initiated it will normally continue until it is stopped by someone passing the point of balance by moving in front of the point of balance. The ability to start and stop movement works whether in a pasture setting or in the confinement of a crowd alley. 9. When working cattle, move in triangles. Working in an arch pattern around cattle will simulate movements of a predator, which will elicit a response of fight or flight. Move in straight lines when asking for a response from cattle. Move straight toward a point on an

animal to get a response. Once movement is initiated, the handlers’ next movement is to reposition needs to be in a straight line at an angle away from the movement. Handler movement in the same direction as cattle flow will stop the movement just gained. Once repositioned, the handler can then take a straight direct path back to the cattle to change movement. Move into their flight zone to create or correct movement. Retreating straight away from the flight zone slows or stops movement. 10. Cattle work best when they are ready – You have to get them there. Cattle have to be taught, conditioned and prepared to work. Unfortunately, today’s cattle owners are short on time and experienced labor, and consequently, don’t spend time acclimating cattle to new production settings. It is a process that will pay dividends for those who do spend the time. Numerous others will handle your cattle after they have left your care. Bad habits and unruly behavior in cattle and humans is learned. Shouting, whistling, poking and prodding cattle is unnecessary and counterproductive. In fact, they distract cattle from the intended movement. Development of effective stockmanship skills improves worker safety, animal performance and potentially increases income on each individual operation.

Facilities In working cattle in any processing facility it is important to keep the principles of behavior in mind as facilities are designed. Anytime we can create cattle flow where they can go past where we need them to end up it will make handling and processing easier. Also remember cattle do not like being moved toward a solid sided or closed in area, as they do not perceive a way out. If it is necessary or desirable to use closed sided processing areas then the design must be large enough for cattle to go past where they need to come back to without putting too much pressure on the cattle. Many current designs have short changed that last requirement and simply try to rely on forcing cattle to enter the crowding area and using a forcing gate to push Figure 1. There are several designs that work well. Below are some that should be considered if designing a facility from scratch or redesigning an existing working facility. The Forcing Pen below was developed by Dr. Temple Grandin. Processing area for handling a large number of cattle.

Charolais Connection • March 2015

47


Figure 2. Modified tub design for operations requiring less volume of cattle into the crowd alley. This commonly referred to as a 135o Sweep System. The one shown is available through Priefert Mfg. but is also available through other companies

them around to the opening into the processing lead up. There are two basic designs that allow cattle flow to work correctly into the processing area. One is designed using a forcing pen (see figures 1 and 2) commonly called a circular tub or simply “Tub” design. There are literally dozens of variations of tub designs however few work as smoothly as the two below. The other design is a “Bud Box” (see figure 3). The Bud Box is the simplest to design but requires the better understanding of cattle behavior because there is no way to force an animal out of the Box and into the crowd alley.

Figure 3. Bud Box design works when the handlers understand cattle behavior and understand how to position themselves inside or outside of the box, depending on cattle disposition, to create flow...

If handlers/processors of cattle are unwilling or unable to develop and adopt this understanding they should not 48

build or try to use a Bud Box. They should stick to the more expensive designs that will allow people who do not completely understand behavior to get cattle through the facility. There is nothing magical or mystical about a Bud Box. It is a facility design that allows the handlers to position themselves correctly to facilitate cattle flow out of the box into either the crowd alley leading to a chute or to a trailer load out. Dimensions are important to successful use of a Box but not as critical as handler position in relation to the stock leaving the Box. Without proper position and attention to detail a Box will only confuse the stock and frustrate the handler. Always keep in mind that the Tub and Box are a flowthrough part of the facility. Cattle should never be stored in a Tub or Box waiting to be sent into the crowd alley or to a trailer. Bring them in and let them flow back out immediately. The Tub or Box should be large enough to accommodate a volume of cattle adequate to fill the crowd alley or fill a trailer compartment. A crowd alley to a squeeze chute should hold a minimum of 4 cows and might need to hold 20 head depending on the speed of processing. Crowd alleys on cow-calf operations will typically hold 5 to 6 cows. Facilities working calves or yearlings routinely need crowd alleys for 12 to 20 head of cattle. Remember, the crowd alley will normally not be empty when additional cattle are brought through the Tub or Box. To maintain flow, it will be necessary to add additional cattle while one or two still stand in the crowd alley waiting processing. Consequently the length of the crowd alley is important. Ideally the crowd alley would be long enough to hold an adequate number of cattle for processing while more cattle are brought through the Tub or Box – without disrupting flow. A short crowd alley may result in frequent interruptions of cattle flow and processing. For some reason the industry has migrated toward the crowd alley starting to curve at the entrance from the Tub or Box. The exit from a Tub or a Box and entrance into the crowd alley should be straight for at least two mature cow body lengths. This allows flow to become established without the appearance of entering a dead end crowd alley. Keep it straight for at least 12 feet and then start a curve if warranted (ex. space is limited). Otherwise a long straight crowd alley works very well for processing cattle. Most operations will need a Box that is at least 12 feet wide and 20 feet deep. It can be 14 feet wide and should be if the handler will be horseback. Depending on the size of the cattle being worked it could be 16 feet wide if the handler in the Box will always be horseback. Both the 14 and 16-foot widths are too wide for comfortably working most stock on foot. A Box can certainly be wider than an alley leading up to it. In fact, going from a 10 or 12-foot alleyway into a wider Box will normally allow the cattle entering the Box to do so faster setting up the transition even better. Do

Charolais Connection • March 2015

conclusion on page 50


9th Annual

Size Matters

Weinbender and Mangels

Selling: 33 Yearling Bulls All Polled

CHAROLAIS BULL SALE Thursday, April 9 TH , 2015 • 1:30 PM At the Weinbender farm, Canora, SK (5.5 miles S on Hwy 9 and 1 mile E at Burgis Beach sign)

WE STRESS

Performance • Calving Ease • Fertility • Hair We know you sell your calves by the pound, so SIZE MATTERS to us.

• Cash rebate of $75 per buyer if you take your bull/bulls home sale day. • Free board until June 1st GLM 11B • HC Exempt 20X x ZDM Mac 21K BW 105 • Oct 9 WW 860 BW 2.4 WW 49 YW 98 M 20 TM 44 SHSH 408B • Merit 9809W x Sparrows Serengeti BW 106 • Sept 13 WW 775 BW .8 WW 51 YW 88 M 19.5 TM 45

• $75.00 charge per buyer for delivery after May 1, at sellers convenience

Join us for lunch sale day. For information or a catalogue contact:

GLM 28B • SKW Parnder 78Y x Belmonts Red Mist 27R BW 98 • Oct 9 WW 660 BW 2.9 WW 51 YW 95 M 17 TM 43

Carey & Lee Ann Weinbender Box 1809, Canora, SK S0A 0L0 SHSH 33B • EC No Doubt x Sparrows Birmingham BW 100 • Sept 13 WW 720 BW 1.0 WW 53 YW 101 M 22 TM 49

306-563-6678 Cell 306-571-9035 clweinbender@gmail.com

View videos at www.slidinghillscharolais.com River Ch dan GLM arolais r o J

Glen & Lori Mangels Box 423, Carrot River, SK S0E 0L0 • glen@sasktel.net

306-769-4132 GLM 34B SKW Pardner 78Y x LT Wyoming Wind 4020 Pld BW 100 • Oct 9 WW 740 BW 2.2 WW 48 YW 85 M 17 TM 41

Registered Purebred Charolais Covering the Bases from Birth to Beef SHSH 52B • RGP Corporal 1100Z x LT Wyoming Wind 4020 BW 111 • Sept 13 WW 715 BW 2.4 WW 48 YW 89 M 23.8 TM 48

Bull pictures & video available at grantspix.com

View the catalogue and videos online at www.charolaisbanner.com Charolais Connection • March 2015

49


not let the width of an alley dictate the width of the Box. The length/depth needed is determined by the size of the group handled. Again, group size is dictated by the capacity of the crowd alley or trailer compartment being loaded. The Box needs to be deep enough to allow the cattle to flow to the back of the Box, let the handler close the gate and get in position before the cattle transition out of the back of the Box. Just like a tub system never overfill the Box. Success depends on the flow into, transition, and flow out of the Box. For most crowd alleys a 20 to 24 foot Box is adequate depth. Any deeper may force the handler working in the Box to move too deep in the Box to initiate flow. As the handler returns to the correct position, their movement with the cattle will stop flow and turn the cattle back. Going with movement slows it or stops it. Neither response is desirable in getting cattle to flow out of the Box. Other aspects of a Box design that are critical to success relate to whether or not the sides are enclosed. It is absolutely essential to have the end of the Box open sided so cattle are going to light and will build speed as they enter the Box. Entry speed facilitates the transition and correct flow out of the box. Solid (opaque) panels should be limited to the Box’s entry gate and the sides of the box closest to the crowd alley and load out exits. Note - solid sides in these areas are not required but may minimize distractions. Load out and crowd alley exit gates must open back flat against the sides of the Box. A Box used in loading semi-trailers may require additional depth (30 feet maximum) to facilitate filling compartments quickly. If using this same large box for a crowd alley, the addition of a block gate in the Box to shorten it might be a good solution. In summary, a Box needs to be 12 to 14 feet wide for most operations and 20 to 30 feet deep depending on the

number of cattle needed to flow through the system at any given time. Leave the back open (translucent); cover the sides and entrance gate if necessary. Figure 4 is a corral design utilizing the bud box processing area. Figure 4. Corral design layout utilizing a Bud Box concept for use in processing cattle and sorting cattle in a confinement feeding operation. Processing areas should not be inside the confinement feeding area but rather located outside the feeding facility.

Continually look for ways and opportunities to improve your skills as a stockman. For more information and additional training opportunities go to: Hands on and live demonstrations and trainings at http:// www.effectivestockmanship.com Videos demonstrating these principles found on at: https:// www.youtube.com/user/ronaldjgill - on the Stockmanship Playlist. Publications can be found on Resource page of www.effectivestockmanship.com – Designing a Bud Box – Cattle Handling Pointers Contact information: Ron Gill, Ph.D., College Station, Texas: Email: effectivestockmanship@gmail.com or rgill@ag.tamu.edu; Rick Machen, PhD, Uvalde, Texas, Email rmachen@ag.tamu.edu

Sunny Ridge Stock Farm offers Purebred Charolais & French Influence bulls at the

15TH ANNUAL CATTLEMANS CLASSIC MULTI BREED BULL SALE April 4, 2015 • 1:00 pm • Heartland Livestock, Virden, MB

Sunny Ridge Stock Farm SRS 6A JR SUPER CADET x STEPPLER KABOOM 60Y

50

Ken & Vonda Hopcraft • RR #1, Box 5, Wawanesa, MB R0K 2G0 Res 204-824-2115 • Ken cell 204-725-6213 Adam cell 204-761-3313 • khopcraft@mynetset.ca

Registered Charolais. Full French. French Influence

Charolais Connection • March 2015


RED Mature Herd Bull SELLS! LEJ 411B XCALIBRE x SILVER BUCKLE BW 3.7 WW 46 YW 86 M 17 TM 40 BW 120 February 24, 2014

RED FACTOR Two Year Old SELLS! Call for more information or stop by to preview the bulls!

LEJ 404B BLUEGRASS x BIRMINGHAM BW -1.7 WW 47 YW 80 M 19 TM 43 BW 86 January 30, 2014

Jim, Rae, Kiernan and Erik Olson Box 882 Portage la Prairie, MB R1N 3C3 LEJ 410B LEJ ZANDER 203Z x PRIVATE RYAN BW -3.2 WW 40 YW 76 M 23 TM 42 BW 84 February 20, 2014

204-252-3115 lejcharolais@gmail.com Jim 204.856.6357 Rae 204.871.1063

MRT 435B HC XPEDITION x WAT-CHA N’TH DEGREE BW 4.3 WW 50 YW 90 M22 TM 47 BW 116 February 16, 2014

15th Annual Cattleman’s Classic Multi-Breed Bull Sale Saturday, April 4th, 2015, 1:30 PM Heartland Livestock Yards Virden, Manitoba NMF 67B • MVY Xplorer x SOS Crimson Tide

NMF 409B • MVY Xplorer x Tri-N Super Jammer

BW 93, Adj 205 981 • CE 95 BW -2.3 WW 67 YW 120 M 20.6 TM 54 Powerful red outcross with extreme thickness and style

BW 88, Adj 205 783 • CE 99 BW -5.4 WW 46 YW 78 M 20.2 TM 43 Calving ease with performance out of one of our strongest cow families

Watch & bid online at www.DLMS.ca

TRI-N CHAROLAIS Merv, Joanne, Jesse & Brittni Nykoliation Box 899, Lenore, MB R0M 1E0 NMF 593B • MVY Xplorer x SDC Laredo

NMF 453B • MVY Xplorer x Tri-N Super Jammer

204-838-2107

BW 86, Adj 205 835 • CE 99 BW -7.0 WW 54 YW 89 M 22.7 TM 50 Calving ease specialist with hair and style. Maternal brother was 2nd high seller to La Ferme Patry de Weedon, QC

BW 85, Adj 205 829 • CE 99 BW -7.2 WW 50 YW 81 M 19.5 TM 45 Hair, thickness and calving ease out of a 12 year old cow

Merv 204-838-2107 • Jesse 204-851-3391 merv1@prairie.ca

Charolais Connection • March 2015

51


Have all of the Charolais news at your fingertips with a Charolais Banner subscription

Stay informed on Canadian genetics 8 times per year with the 124 Shannon Road, Regina, SK S4S 5B1 Canada Tel: 1.306.546.3940 Fax: 1.306.546.3942 email: charolaisbanner@gmail.com

Subscription Order Form Name: _________________________________________ Address: _______________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Tel: __________________________________ Email: __________________________________________________ Please check the term you prefer & send payment by cheque, or choose to pay by faxing or phoning in your credit card information.

CANADA

K 1 Year - $42.00 K 3 Year - $105.00

(Canadian funds, 5% gst included, #R106126014)

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K 1 Year - $75.00 CDN K 1 Year 1st class - $115.00 CDN K 3 Year - $200.00 CDN K 3 Year 1st class - $320.00 CDN

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K 1 Year - $80.00 CDN K 1 Year 1st class - $120.00 CDN K 3 Year - $210.00 CDN K 3 Year 1st class - $330.00 CDN

MC or VISA#: _____________________________________________ Expiry: _______________________________ Signature: ________________________________________________

52

Charolais Connection • March 2015


MUTRIE FARMS BAR H CHAROLAIS

Bull Sale

with guests Hawken Shorthorns and Black Ridge Angus

Wednesday, April 8th, 2015 1:00 p.m. • Candiac (SK) Auction Mart 1 hour SE of Regina off Hwy 48

Offering 1 18 18 2

Mature Bull Two Year Olds Yearlings Black Angus Two Year Olds 3 Black Angus Yearlings 5 Shorthorn Open Heifers

BAR H 142B • 3rd Gen Polled Good haired son of Merit Roundup with a -1 BW EPD

SWR 49A • 4th Gen Polled Quality two year old son of JWX Silver Bullet with calving ease and performance

• Most are Polled • Many Red Factor • Easy calving • Structurally sound • Not over fat bulls

BAR H 149B • 3rd Gen Polled Correct, good volume son of TR PZC Mr Turton

• Industry leading genetics

SWR 30A • Homozygous Red • 3rd Gen Pld Sired by our powerful herdsire JWX Wadsworth

For more information or to receive a catalogue, give us a call, or view the catalogue online at www.bylivestock.com

BAR H 88A • Red Factor • Dbl Pld Easy doing, tan son of Pleasant Dawn Bonus

Sale Manager

BAR H CHAROLAIS

BLACK RIDGE Kevin & Donna Haylock & family ANGUS FARM Lawrence & Joan Haylock 306-697-2901 grenlock@sasktel.net Box 459, Grenfell, SK S0G 2B0 Conveniently located 3/4 mile off Hwy 1

SWR 28B • Dbl Pld Correct, volume & hair • Son of Stepplers Diligence

HAWKEN SHORTHORNS

Box 114, Dysart, SK S0G 1H0

John & Bonnie Moleski 306-432-4832 C 306-331-8787 blackridge.angus@sasktel.net

306-584-7937 Helge By 306-536-3374 Candace By 306-536-3374 charolaisbanner@gmail.com

MUTRIE FARMS

Jodi Hawken 306-429-2737

Richard & Helen Sydorko 306-429-2711 Wade Sydorko 306-529-6268

Box 239, Glenavon, SK S0G 1Y0

Box 57, Glenavon, SK S0G 1Y0

jodihawken@sasktel.net

mutriefarms@gmail.com

Charolais Connection • March 2015

53


RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

Does Cow Nutrition During Pregnancy Affect Gene Expression in the Calf? Carolyn Fitzsimmons

Beef Cattle Research Council

The Impact of Nutrition and Residual Feed Intake on Tissue and Molecular Characterization, Manipulation of Maintenance Energy Costs, and Fetal Growth and Programming in Wintering Pregnant Beef Cows Researchers: Carolyn Fitzsimmons, Ph.D. (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada), Kendall Swanson, Ph.D. (North Dakota State University), Katie Wood, M.Sc. and Brian McBride, Ph.D. (University of Guelph).

Traditional wisdom holds that an animal’s genetics and the environment it lives in can both affect feed efficiency (and other traits). In contrast, an animal’s genes do not directly influence the environment, and the environment does not directly influence an individual’s genes. Genetic influences are passed on from parents to offspring, while environmental influences are not. There is growing evidence that the situation is not that straightforward; in some cases the environment may have a direct impact on the expression of an individual’s genes. This environmental impact might also be inherited, and is called epigenetics. “Fetal programming” is a particular type of epigenetics. For example, extreme malnutrition during pregnancy may permanently affect the offspring’s metabolism, and this change may continue to be passed down for several generations. This has been shown in other mammals (including humans after World War II), and may also occur in cattle. Severe environmental conditions can affect whether (or which) sites on the animals DNA are modified by the addition of methyl groups. The addition (or loss) of these methyl groups may either increase or decrease gene expression in those regions of the DNA. These methylation patterns can be passed

on for a generation or more. Epigenetic effects have seldom been considered in nutritional studies involving pregnant cows and the post-natal growth and development of their calves. This may be important, given the wide year-toyear variations in feed quality and weather conditions that are experienced by beef cows from one year to the next. Objective Examine how the pregnant cow’s energy intake during the wintering feeding period affects fetal development and fetal programming, as well as post-natal calf growth and development. What they did Pregnant mature beef cows were fed either 85% (LOW) or 140% (HIGH) of net energy requirements during the second half of pregnancy. Two-thirds of these cows (48; 24 LOW and 24 HIGH) calved naturally and raised their calves within the same environment until weaning. Cow weights and intakes were recorded during the trial, and calf weights were measured at birth and weaning. The other 24 cows (12 LOW and 12 HIGH) were slaughtered 4 weeks prior to parturition. Cow carcass data, fetal weight and other measurements were collected. Several fetal tissue samples were collected to measure gene expression and methylation in genes related to muscle growth and proliferation, fat deposition, nutrient transport and blood vessel formation. What they learned Cows fed the HIGH diet ate more, grew more and weighed more than LOW cows, but there were no significant differences in carcass weight, fat depth, ribeye area or marbling score. Maternal dietary treatment did not affect placental

weight or fetal weight, length, circumference or any fetal organ weights. Birth and weaning weights did not differ among dietary treatments in the remaining cows. There were differences in gene expression in some important cell growth and proliferation genes related to fat deposition and muscle development in the fetal ribeye muscle. These differences in gene expression were less obvious in the eye of round and heart muscle. This means that the pregnant cow’s diet might affect the calf’s gene expression or the timing of fetal muscle formation. It could also mean that the fetus can control which tissues get priority and which tissues are restricted when nutrients are limited. Significant correlations between gene expression and fetal weight were found in both fetal ribeye and eye of round muscles, pointing to the importance of these genes in pre-natal growth and development. DNA near the IGF2 (insulin-like growth factor 2) gene was more highly methylated in fetuses from cows fed the HIGH diet. This was more evident in the ribeye than in the eye of round muscle. In both muscles, increases in DNA methylation was associated with increased expression of the IGF2 gene. What it means The results of this study suggest that maternal nutrition during pregnancy can result in changes in the methylation and expression of genes that regulate cell growth and differentiation in their fetuses, although no obvious effects were seen in fetal body size or dimensions. The next steps are to determine whether pre-natal nutrition also affects economically important beef production traits. concludes on page 55

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Charolais Connection • March 2015


MANAGEMENT

Time to Cull www.Beeftalk.com

Today, with an aggressive bidding for weigh-up cows and market bulls, why take the risk of pushing a cow an extra year? As condition and body weight decline, so does value, but managerial inputs and labor increase. The bottom line: Cows need to survive, produce and repeat the cycle yearly, with no additional pampering. No exceptions. Part of cattle work is culling cows, which is not fun. The cows have dedicated their lives to the operation, but there is no reward. The cows must produce or move to the pen destined for market. Even though cow numbers are down, keeping cows that are not likely to produce a worthy calf next year is fruitless. Culling really is a process of drawing a line in the sand, and those cows that cannot cross the line are sent to market. At the Dickinson Research Extension Center, the line is a combination of managerial chuteside judgments and data. On the judgment side, cows without teeth and/or low body condition are culled. One asks: Is that one tooth, two teeth, three teeth or no teeth? Is a body condition score of 1 or 2 too low or maybe even a 3? Oh, don’t forget to check the udder, as well as limbs, joints, bumps, lump jaw, eye health and any other notable problem, including temperament. In reality, the chute operator has just a few seconds to determine which pen the cow goes to. The secret of good culling is in knowing and understanding cattle and assessing the potential of integrating that cow back into the operation. It only takes seconds, but the fate of the cow

hangs in the balance. “Out the door,” says the chute boss only to see the next cow cut off to the holding pen. Cows are seldom, if ever, cut back out of the main group. However, cows in the holding pen get another once-over as well as verification of the tag number. Because the decision is final and mistakes are not appreciated, a second look is appropriate. More than anything, visually reviewing those cows that no longer will be in the herd certainly begs the question of why they won’t be. A little more feed here, a timely rain there or maybe just age: This is the time for the manager to ask questions. We often talk about developing numeric systems to evaluate and score cows for all the numerous problems. The challenge with that is that cows generally are seen and worked only once in the fall. The next opportunity to reassess the cow may be when the cow receives her precalving shots. However, from a ranch perspective, once that cow returns to the main herd at weaning, there is little incentive to cull her. Each day, she is one day closer to calving, and unless she does not have a calf to turn out for grazing, she is good to go until next year. The only time judgment culls are skipped is when the cow is pregnancy checked as open. In that case, the cull is automatic. Sometimes, when those good cows come down the chute and the call is open, the heart sinks just a little. Again, it may not have been the cow’s fault, but the bottom line is that open cows are market beef.

DOES COW NUTRITION…, CONTINUED FROM PAGE 54 The Beef Cattle Industry Science Cluster is funded by the Beef Cattle Research Council, a division of the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association,

and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada to advance research and technology transfer supporting the Canadian beef industry’s vision to Charolais Connection • March 2015

So where does the data fit in? Data is critical, but during the work day, its use is not always obvious. Granted, the chute-side evaluator needs to make a keep-or-market decision, but reviewing the previous year’s data is critical to guiding the operation. Did those changes get made the previous year? Did one see a change in cow longevity? Will a change be seen in this year’s data? Actually, given all the activity, the majority of culls are determined chute-side, so a lot, if not most, of the culling is done before the data sheets are reviewed. A pondering point: I occasionally hear the comment that a producer does not keep any performance data. Performance data is key to moving a herd forward. However, in reality, for many reasons, performance data tends to be a long way down the priority list. Although the actual work is done at the same time, the total number of culls is not known until the end of the day. How many cows can a producer afford to sell? Many times, by the time all the chute-side calls are made, the list already has met the needed criteria for the herd. That being said, cows that do not produce are just one notch above those cows that are open. Some pressure needs to be maintained to allow the good looking, nonperforming cows (free loaders) a chance at the market gate. As a thought for the day: Why not spend a little time finding the “freeloaders” and use the funds they chew up to give the help a raise?

be recognized as a preferred supplier of healthy, high quality beef, cattle and genetics. 55


14 SONS OF BAR J TROJAN 68X

WRAZ 12B BW -.5 WW 54 YW 88 M 15 TM 42 76 lb BW son of Red Brylor JKC Ghost Rider 108Y

GBR 3B CE 98 BW -3.4 WW 33 YW 65 M 21.9 TM 38

WRAZ 24B BW -.5 WW 56 YW 87 M 20 TM 48 Another of the 10 sons of Red Brylor JKC Ghost Rider 108Y

GBR 20B CE 84 BW -2.1 WW 36 YW 67 M 24.4 TM 42

WRAZ 53B BW .9 WW 63 YW 99 M 20 TM 51 Top 8% for performance in this sample of the sons of Red VRRA Top Star Y236

GBR 35B CE 67 BW -1.2 WW 32 YW 62 M 23 TM 39

Phil Birnie, Lana Kormos & Family Box 461, Wawota, SK S0G 5A0 T 306-739-2988 • C 306-577-7440 “The program you Info@wraz.ca • Gordon Murray can count on” T 306-739-2177 • C 306-646-7980

56

OPEN HOUSE at WRAZ Saturday, April 4, starting at 1:30 p.m. Presale viewing of the bulls, their sires, dams and siblings with calves at foot.

Charolais Connection • March 2015


2 SONS OF McTAVISH TUFF GBR 42B CE 73 BW -.5 WW 36 YW 70 M 21.5 TM 40

GBR 61B CE 47 BW 3.3 WW 46 YW 93 M 22.9 TM 46

GBR 79B CE 61 BW -.4 WW 43 YW 83 M 25 TM 46

GBR 117B CE 60 BW 1.8 WW 49 YW 98 M 25.2 TM 50

7 SONS OF G. BROS CREW

GBR 83B CE 84 BW -1.4 WW 37 YW 73 M 19.6 TM 38

GBR 100B GBR 96B

CE 89 BW -.2 WW 36 YW 69 M 24.5 TM 42

CE 57 BW -.3 WW 43 YW 84 M 23.5 TM 45 Sale Manager

306-584-7937 Helge By 306-536-4261 Candace By 306-536-3374 charolaisbanner@gmail.com

View the catalogue online at www.bylivestock.com

Kelly, Tracy, William & Wyatt Brimner Box 93, Manor, SK S0C 1R0 T 306-448-2028 • C 306-577-7698

Charolais Connection • March 2015

57


INDUSTRY NEWS

Developments in BIXS Hubert Lau

My guess is there isn’t a producer out there who hasn’t heard that there’s a growing need to respond to consumer demand for more information about the history of beef. And I’ll also bet that most producers know another thing: That they’ve been asked to shoulder much of the burden of change, without any proof they’re going to make more money in the process. A lot of observers tell producers what they should do, where there should do it, when they should do it, and why. But very few—if any—have talked about the how. How can we make the cattle industry more profitable and competitive by sharing information through the supply chain? And how will information help producers put more money in their pockets at the end of the day? To answer those questions, the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association and ViewTrak Technologies formed a partnership with one purpose: To enhance and expand the Beef Information Exchange System (BIXS). Under the partnership, a new privately-held company will take ownership of BIXS, with the CCA and ViewTrak as initial shareholders. I will lead the company as President and Chief Executive Officer and my partner Ted Power will take on the role of Executive Vice-President. The new company will be stewards of the BIXS database, collecting and sharing valuable information for the benefit of the whole industry—and for consumers who want to know more about how their beef was raised. The CCA has known for years that information sharing will enhance the competitiveness of the industry, and allow Canadian beef to dominate world markets. And if we don’t do it, another country will. That’s why the CCA has asked us to partner with them to help take BIXS to the next level—by making it more effective and providing added value the the 58

whole industry. So, what is the new BIXS going to do to answer the how? First, we will focus on the concept of “Collaborative Economics.” We believe there is enormous value in collaborating while remaining fiercely competitive with one another—and that is what we mean by Collaborative Economics. The best illustration I can give you of Collaborative Economics comes from Japan. After World War II, nobody wanted to buy Japanese products. So Japanese companies got together to influence what the world thought about Japanese products. In time, the world responded: People started to see that the best cars and electronics came from Japan. That small country went on to dominate the electronics and automotive industries for decades. We are only now starting to catch up with them. To this day, Japanese CEOs from competing companies sit down regularly around the table – together – to develop strategies to propel Japanese industries forward. Even though they compete fiercely, they share ideas and concerns about how their industries need to operate so they can protect themselves from foreign competitors and create best practices. They understand the dynamic between collaboration and competition. In the same way that Japanese auto and electronic companies benefited greatly by working together, and dominated world markets, we need to show everyone in the cattle industry how they can also benefit by embracing Collaborative Economics, and likewise dominate world markets. But first, we have to show everyone what’s in it for them—and how everyone can profit by sharing information through the supply chain. There are four specific outcomes we’re focused on achieving through the new BIXS: • Better outcomes for producers, who will be able to better manage Charolais Connection • March 2015

their businesses, enhance their breeding and marketing programs, and increasing the overall value of their product—leading to increased profits and competitiveness. • Better sharing of information that benefits the entire supply chain. • The ability to respond more effectively to food safety emergencies, reduce market disruptions, and protect bottom lines. • Satisfied consumers who are more confident in their beef supply, more interested in buying beef, and who have more choices about how much they pay for their beef according to the characteristics they value. And here’s where we can begin to show the value of information sharing: It’s only a short matter of time before all retailers demand the full history of birth and care from producers through to processors and packers before they will sell your beef. We are already seeing that with A&W and Loblaws, who are advertising heavily about the full traceability of their products and getting premium pricing for them. Costco sells grass fed, hormone free beef for more than regular beef. McDonald’s, Canada’s largest retailer of beef recently announced it has chosen Canada, over Australia and Europe, to launch a pilot project to meet their end goal of serving only “sustainable beef” across their entire global empire. The lesson is, the more information you can provide about cattle genetics, feed management, and medical treatment to consumers, the more in demand your beef will be, and the more producers through to retailers will be able to demand for beef—based on the qualities consumers value. Still, to make the Collaborative Economics model successful in the cattle industry, we need to admit one important thing: That we don’t have all the answers. Our first job out of concludes on page 59


BIXS, CONTINUED FROM PAGE 58

the gate is to listen to industry players from all parts of the supply chain and address everyone’s needs and interests going forward. In order to make that happen, we need everyone to participate in the conversation and be willing to come to the table. That’s our first step—to listen and engage so that we can get more people through the chain participating in BIXS. This is the key to building value. Information is currency, and the more we can get people providing information to and through BIXS, the more value we can provide. Just like the power of the Internet, the value of technology grows many times over when shared. Information that is used cooperatively among all the members of the sector will benefit everyone. And we have no time to waste. So, let’s lock arms, work together, and get ‘er done!

Hubert Lau is President & CEO of BIXS. With 3 million detailed carcass records and 3.4 million animal birthdate records in the system BIXS is the largest database of its kind in Canada. For more go to http://www.bixs.cattle.ca

Consigned to Vanderhoof Bull Sale Saturday, April 11th, Vanderhoof, BC TWO FULL FRENCH POLLED CHAROLAIS BULLS

• Southside Uno 29A, 2nd Gen Pld • 2014 Charolais Champion and Reserve All Breeds Champion at Lakes District Fall Fair • Southside Uno 31A, 3rd Gen Pld Thick  Long  Big Butted  Lots of Hair Phone Bids – Al Smith 250-570-2143 Thanks to our 2014 Buyers: Valanjou Charolais, Clyde, AB (2); Bar Punch Ranch, Medicine Hat, AB (2); Gordon & Joan McFee, Burns Lake (2); Stuart McFee, Burns Lake; Alex Kulchar, Vanderhoof

SOUTHSIDE CHAROLAIS Full French Polled Ken Rose  25476 Keefes Ld. Rd., Burns Lake, BC V0J 1E4 250-694-3500  krose@lakescom.net

CHECK OUT THE CALENDAR FOR CHAROLAIS EVENTS IN YOUR AREA There is lots going on! We hope to see you there! If you’re interested in becoming a Charolais breeder we would love to talk to you. Give us a call anytime.

Helge By 306.546.3940 C 306.536.4261

Craig Scott 403.507.2258 C 403.651.9441

Charolais Connection • March 2015

59


ASSOCIATION NEWS

Public Wants Trust in Animal Welfare, Not Data David Cooper, News Release

The ag industry has reason to rely on science to find its solutions for production, but don’t expect the public to always trust that research. Speaking at the fourth International Cattle Welfare Symposium in Ames, Iowa, David Daley, dean of the College of Agriculture at California State University – Chico, said today’s consumers want to know they’re buying meat, milk and eggs from producers taking care of their animals, but their concerns aren’t resolved by science. “Most of you are science-based,” Daley said to the symposium attendees. “You want to solve things analytically. I’m the same. I believe in the data and the scientific method. But the public doesn’t trust us. “People say we need good research. We do; we need good information. But that’s not going to change the public’s perception. They want trust, not science.” Teaching at a California campus made up mostly of students from California’s urban cities, Daley said today’s generation and many food consumers have a growing distrust in research data, thinking the results can be bought, and students saying they can tell the results of a study by who published it. “That’s a little frightening,” Daley explained. “That’s not the way it was 30 years ago when there was scientific literature. And the public picks up on that.” Daley suggested ways to respond to animal welfare critics without breaking into debate or confrontation. That path resolves nothing and puts producers into a bad light. Instead, today’s producers need to take different paths. Don’t use profit as a welfare motive Producers who say they treat animals well because they need animals to make money, are not 60

winning over critics, said Daley. “Just think how stupid that sounds to the general public. Even if it’s factually accurate, it’s such a poor argument. Take it out of your discussion.” Defend other industries… carefully “The ag industries are waging a cause all together,” Daley said, “but that doesn’t mean producers have to defend bad methods in the dairy, pork or poultry industries if they are indefensible.” “I think we need to admit we can do better in animal welfare. You get this approach, ‘We’re doing all we can.’ It should be, ‘We will continue to improve.’” Don’t argue with the completely disagreeable Waging a discussion of fervor with those who oppose you entirely won’t bear fruit, Daley said. More critical is to find the people somewhere near the center. Recalling a conversation with a London banker, Daley said he was told American farming producers “are just too defensive. You just react too strongly. You focus on PETA and HSUS so much, you forget most of the people just want to make sure you’re doing it right.” But Daley added that ag supporters lose some credibility when they assume someone they disagree with is “stupid, evil or both.” When animal rights speakers come to his school and the young cattlemen groups want to go engage a debate, Daley counsels them to just listen and hear the concerns. Don’t criticize non-conventional production There’s room for all methods of beef production, said Daley, who’s a fifth-generation stocker operator, who grazes public acres in summer and then moves herds into the Sacramento Valley. But the voices in the beef industry Charolais Connection • March 2015

throw criticisms at organic, grass-fed or natural systems – and vice versa. “We don’t have to say grass-fed won’t work, or organic won’t work, or feedyards are bad. Let the market sort itself out, otherwise it looks like we’re defensive or have things to hide.” Use solutions that producers can buy Many of the industry’s changing practices on welfare and animal handling come from academia and research. But they won’t progress unless there is investment and support from producers. Daley showed recent data and surveys revealing the evolving ideas from producers on animal welfare. When asked about adopting alternatives to branding, 15 percent said absolutely not, 43 percent said they would approach it cautiously, but 28 percent said they would consider it strongly and 14 percent said they would implement it immediately. A similar survey showed somewhat more acceptance of economically viable alternatives to castration. Don’t be afraid to engage the public Producers and the public are responding to more public concerns about animal welfare. Sixty-five percent of respondents in a recent survey said they believed animals have rights. Producers were also asked if they were working cattle along a highway and someone took a picture, how would they would respond. Eightyfive percent said they would engage in a conversation, 6 percent would tell the visitor to leave and 9 percent said they would ignore them. And when asked if the industry should engage in discussions with animal rights groups, 43 percent said it depends and 55 percent said yes. “Remember,” Daley said. “They don't care how much you know until they know how much you care. They want trust, that’s what they expect.”


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RESEARCH

Environmental Footprint of Beef Cattle Beef Cattle Research Council

Grazing cattle are an integral part of the grassland ecosystem and play an important role in nutrient recycling. Pasture lands are important stores of carbon and provide habitat to many species at risk as well as preservation of wetlands that otherwise may be subject to cultivation. Production of cattle in feedlots lowers the carbon footprint of beef and increases the efficiency of beef production. As with any food production system, there is an environmental footprint associated with beef production. The beef footprint has implications for greenhouse gas emissions, nutrient cycling, water and air quality, carbon stores, and preservation of grassland ecosystems. News related to the beef industry and its impact on the environment in the popular press is often about instances when production has not followed best management practices, however some components of the footprint such as the production of greenhouse gases are unavoidable. Carbon Sequestration in Seeded and Native Grasslands Over the last century, the majority of prairie grasslands were plowed for crop production with less than 20% of this ecosystem remaining intact.

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Native grasslands represent an important storage of carbon and may contain up to 200 tonnes of carbon per hectare. Much of this carbon is stored in the roots of grasses and shrubs, explaining why so much more carbon is released by plowing as compared to that released by natural fire. Carbon storage can be increased if cropland is planted back to perennial pasture, with sequestration initially occurring rapidly and gradually plateauing over a 20 to 25 year period. In fact, models have shown that if beef cattle are switched from a grain- to perennial forages-based production system, and the forage associated from this transition is derived from newly seeded cropland, the entire beef production cycle becomes a net sink of carbon. As with most biological systems, grasslands eventually revert to a steady state where if left undisturbed, carbon sequestration is balanced with carbon emissions. Overgrazing or drought can increase carbon losses. The ability to further sequester additional carbon in properly managed grasslands is questionable, but levels may increase further as atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide continue to rise. However, it is clear

Charolais Connection • March 2015

Dr. John Basarab, researcher on Residual Feed Intake studies

that any increased sequestration as a result of increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide will not be sufficient to offset ongoing emissions related to the burning of fossil fuels. Preservation of Grassland Ecosystems Grazing ruminants are a natural component of grasslands and play a critical role in the recycling of nutrients within these ecosystems. Grasslands are richly biodiverse and harbor many of Canada’s most endangered or threatened species (e.g., burrowing owl, black footed ferret, swift fox, prairie chicken). Plant communities depend on grazing for removal of aftermath, the distribution of seeds, and the provision of open niches that can increase sward biodiversity. Establishment of perennial forages reduces the disturbance of prairie bird habitats of and, if near surface water, provides nesting sites for ducks and geese. In many instances, land owners control access to these rangelands, preventing the damage that is readily evident in areas where off road recreational vehicles and other activities have degraded grassland habitat. Beef Cattle and Greenhouse Gas Emission Cattle production contributes to the emission of three greenhouse gases (GHG); • carbon dioxide • methane • nitrous oxide


Carbon Dioxide Carbon dioxide accounts for a small portion of emissions (5%) from Canadian beef production and arises primarily from the burning of fossil fuels. In the beef industry, the use fossil fuels is primarily associated with crop production (fertilizer and fuel) and the transport of feed, cattle and beef to markets. Because beef is produced outdoors, emissions associated with the heating of production facilities are miniscule. Grasslands on which cattle graze contribute to carbon sequestration, or the capture of carbon dioxide. Methane Methane is produced by methanogens under anaerobic conditions (without oxygen) in both the animal and manure. However, as beef manure is typically applied to the land fresh, the anaerobic conditions necessary for methane production are impaired. Therefore, beef manure only accounts for approximately 5% of emissions. The largest source of GHG in beef production comes from the methane produced in the gastrointestinal tract, accounting for over 60% of total emissions. Methane is a natural by-product of feed digestion in the intestinal tract and is produced by the reduction of carbon dioxide via the addition of hydrogen. If methane production is inhibited without an alternative hydrogen disposal, efficiency of beef production can be impaired. Identifying technologies that lower

methane production without adverse impacts on efficiency has proven to be a significant challenge for the scientific community. However, enteric methane emissions can be reduced by the addition of certain feeds, including grain or oils, to the diet. A global research effort has identified technologies that can reduce methane emissions from cattle. Increasing the value of carbon would increase the use of these technologies in beef production. Nitrous Oxide Nitrous oxide has a much higher global warming potential than either methane or carbon dioxide. Nitrous oxide emissions arise from manure and cropland and account for approximately 25% of total GHG emissions from Canadian beef production. Emissions of nitrous oxide are increased if the level of protein in the diet exceeds the animal’s nutritional requirements or if the amount of nitrogen applied to land exceeds what is required for the crop. Balancing of the diet to meet protein requirements and soil tests to ensure that manure application does not exceed crop nitrogen requirements, are two of the most effective methods of reducing nitrous oxide emissions from beef production systems. Impact of Beef Cattle on Air Quality A common environmental footprint concern raised during beef production is the negative impact that intensive feedlot operations have on air quality through the generation of dust and odors. Issues often arise

from acreages or towns that reside downwind of feedlots. Dust can arise from pen surfaces, alleys and roads and is influenced by humidity, temperature and wind speed. Secondary emissions in the form of ammonia and odoriferous organic compounds such as amines, sufides, phenols and volatile fatty acids may also occur. Depending on the compound, they can be transported several kilometers from the feedlot. Long term health consequences associated with exposure to particulate matter from feedlots are largely unknown, but its impact on individuals suffering from chronic respiratory disease can be severe. Deposition of ammonia and organics may adversely impact water quality. Ammonia can also contribute to indirect nitrous oxide emissions. Mitigation As with nitrous oxide, ammonia emissions from feedlots can be reduced by balancing diets so as not to exceed protein requirements of the animal. Urease inhibitors which inhibit the hydrolysis of urea in urine may also reduce ammonia voltalization, but are expensive and may only delay rather than reduce total ammonia emissions. Provision of fresh bedding in pens, frequent cleaning of pens, planting of shelter belts and the construction of wind breaks may all reduce the movement of dust and odors associated with the feedlot. Proper drainage of pens can also prevent the

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development of the anaerobic conditions that promote such odors. Under arid conditions, sprinklers and water trucks can be used to reduce dust emissions from pen floors, alleys and roads. Many of these practices have the added benefit of improving animal health and housing conditions. Proper manure management practices can also reduce nuisance odors by incorporating manure immediately after land application. This may also help conserve nutrients for crop growth and increase the organic matter content of soil. Impact of Beef Cattle on Nutrient Cycles On Grassland Nutrients are largely cycled within grassland ecosystems without reaching high concentrations or leaving the system. Nutrients in feces and urine are dispersed as cattle move throughout the pasture seeking new forage stands to graze. Fecal pats provide nutrients to insect communities such as dung beetles and the readily available nitrogen in urine is quickly utilized by plants. For optimal production, cattle require an array of nutrients including protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals. Under grazing conditions, most of these nutrients are acquired directly from forages and cattle require minimal supplementation with trace minerals and salt. In Feedlots In intensive feedlot systems, feed is transported to the cattle and

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placed in feed bunks once or twice daily. Diets have a greater energy density as a result of the inclusion of grains increasing the efficiency of beef production. However, in this system some dietary nutrients such as phosphorus exceed requirements, even though diets are not supplemented with this mineral. Because the only component that leaves this system is the cattle when they are shipped to market, other nutrients also accumulate. Most nutrients are in the manure with the exception of the gaseous emissions described above. Manure is a valuable source of fertilizer and is applied to surrounding farmland, reducing the reliance on chemical fertilizers and increasing the organic matter content of soils. However, due to its high water content, manure is economical as fertilizer only if it is transported within a radius of 20 - 30 km of the feedlot. Furthermore, manure is usually applied to cropland based on the nitrogen requirements of the crop. This leads to excess application of other nutrients such as phosphorus and potassium, which accumulate in the soil. To date, there is little evidence that the accumulation of nutrients in cropland adversely impacts the surrounding environment or crop production. This is likely due to the fact that much of the phosphorus is in an insoluble form. In regions where livestock production systems are more intensive than in Canada, such as Denmark and the

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Netherlands, the long term impacts of using livestock manure as fertilizer has become an important issue. Areas adjacent to intensive feedlot operations need to implement rotational cropping systems or increase manure transport distances to slow the rate of nutrient accumulation in soils. Impact of Beef Cattle on Water Use and Quality Estimates of the amount of water needed to produce 1 kg of beef range from 3700 L to 20,000 L. The majority of water used in beef production is for crop production. The large variation in estimates reflect differences in the assumptions in water use prediction models, such as the inclusion of natural rain fall, wastage during irrigation, and the degree to which recycling of water is considered (e.g., irrigation from catch basins). Water plays a critical role in beef cattle production. Many of Canada’s largest feedlots depend on irrigation water during arid periods. The impact of climate change on water availability in these areas remains unknown, but many models predict an increase in rainfall in the prairie regions where the majority of beef cattle production occurs. Cattle can also contribute to the conservation of wetlands as these surface waters are not drained as they are for cropping systems. Many of these areas serve as important habitat for aquatic birds and mammals. Pathogens Beef cattle can carry protozoa (e.g., Giardia, Cryptosporidium) and bacteria (e.g.,, Escherichia coli O157, Campylobacter) that cause disease in humans. Water can serve as a vector for these microbes and steps are commonly taken to reduce the risk of manure coming in direct contact with surface water. Modern feedlots are designed with slopped pens and ditches that drain into catch basins with a capacity to hold the precipitation from an extremely intense 24-hour storm. This prevents water from the feedlot directly entering surface streams and


creeks. Numbers of pathogens in this water decreases with time and water from catch basins is used in feed crop production. Use of this water to irrigate vegetable crops that are not cooked prior to consumption should be avoided. Sensitive riparian areas along streams and rivers are often fenced or lined with buffer strips to reduce the access of cattle to surface water whereas the access of cattle to irrigation canals is restricted. Completely limiting the access of cattle to surface water on grazing lands is impractical and cattle can defecate while drinking and crossing streams. Likewise, wild ruminants (deer, moose) aquatic mammals (beavers, musk rats) and birds (geese, ducks) which can also carry human pathogens, occupy this ecosystem and defecate in the surrounding water. Consequently, when a pathogen does cause disease, its true point of origin is often difficult to determine. The majority of the risk associated with acquiring pathogens can be eliminated by filtering or treating surface water prior to consumption. Beef Cattle Production in a Larger Context Indirectly, the environmental

Dr. Tom Flesch a Meterologist explains how they measure Methane gas from cattle on grass. He is demonstrating it at the Roy Berg Kinsella Ranch open house in August 2014

footprint of beef is a reflection of mankind’s demand for high quality protein in their diet. In North America, grains represent a significant proportion of the diets of feedlot cattle and contribute to the efficiency of this production system. Even in this case, grains are often initially grown for more value-added markets (e.g., brewing, distilleries, flour), and only end up as feed after they fail to make the grade for human consumption. By 2050, as the human population reaches 9 billion and the average household income continues to rise, meat consumption is predicted to double. Consequently, it is important that environmental footprints are assessed from the standpoint of the efficiencies of meat

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production or expressed on impact per kg of meat produced. Livestock production systems are complex and improvements in an area of production can lead to deficiencies or degradation in other areas. Presently, the economic conditions are favorable for the production of beef from grain in many regions of the world, largely because of the availability of inexpensive fossil fuels. As the price of fossil fuels increase, beef production may revert entirely to relying on what ruminants do best – the conversion of forages into high quality protein. It is important to keep in mind that as one drives through the country side and sees the fields of hay and hills of native pasture, that ruminants are the only livestock that can effectively convert this biomass into high quality protein for human consumption. Feedback and questions on the content of this page are welcome. Please email us at info@beefresearch.ca. Thanks to Dr. Tim McAllister, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Principal Research Scientist for contributing his time and expertise in writing this page.

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MANAGEMENT

Free Expert Advice At Home That’s Not Too Good To Be True: Webinars for Beef Producers Tracy Herbert, Beef Extension Coordinator, Beef Cattle Research Council

Going to conferences and field days are some of the best ways to learn and think more about new ideas and tools that could make things easier or more profitable on your ranch. It’s also an opportunity to ask experts questions, and get advice that helps you make informed decisions for your operation. If you hear about a conference you’re interested in, I certainly recommend making the effort to attend it if you can. But often times, you just can’t get to seminars. Sometimes there’s too much work to be done at home, it’s too far or pricey to make the trip, the weather is bad, or an unexpected breakdown, cow trouble or something else causes you to miss out. Rather than having to spend the time and money to go to the conference, it would be nice if a seminar came to you once in a while, wouldn’t it? That’s what a ‘webinar’ is – a seminar delivered over the internet. On webinars, you listen to a live presentation on your computer, tablet or smartphone, and can ask the person questions, all without ever having to leave the yard. There’s lots of webinars available for beef producers, and nearly all of them are free. The Beef Cattle Research Council (BCRC) hosts one webinar per month from November to April with an interesting speaker that covers a different topic each time. For example, a past webinar was “Boosting the calf-crop percentage in your beef herd” with Dr. John Campbell from the Western College of Veterinary Medicine. Each BCRC webinar lasts about an hour, is held during the evenings, and is free of charge thanks to guest speakers who volunteer their time

and expertise, and with funding by the National Check-off and Canada’s Beef Science Cluster. The webinars are also recorded, so if you register but happen to miss it, you’ll get an email a couple of days later with a link to watch the recording, plus links to good resources you can use to learn even more about the topic. Webinars are very easy to register for, join and participate in. You will need access to a fast and reliable internet connection to see and hear the presentation. For audio, you’re given the choice between using speakers or listening over the phone. Keep an eye out for webinars this winter and give one a try. You’ll get free, credible information from a beef industry expert on animal health, feed efficiency, genomics, forages, food safety or environmental stewardship. There’s no sense in passing that up. To find the details on BCRC’s next webinar, and recordings of past BCRC webinars, visit www.beefresearch.ca and look under ‘Resources’. Actual feedback after a BCRC webinar: • I find these webinars very good. I don’t have to waste time travelling to seminars. Saves on fuel and time. I can be involved on my time after chores are done. I don't have to leave home when I need to be close by to look after things. Always willing to learn more. This is a great way to make it happen. - Jason, producer from SK • Thank you for the wonderful presentation of information. As a first time webinar attendee, you made the process to attend very easy and simple to follow. - Teresa, producer from SK • I came into webinar late but found the information very good and

to the lay person’s level. I got a good understanding of minerals and uses in the herd, how to feed loose and block minerals and what to look for to determine what minerals maybe deficient. A very useful and informative session. – Debbie, producer from AB 5 things to know about BCRC webinars 1. No one can see or hear you. When you log into a webinar for the first time, you might be surprised to see the presenter’s face on your screen in addition to hearing his or her voice. That might make you wonder, can they see me? Should I be quiet? No. By default, audience members’ webcams are not turned on, microphones are on mute, and other audience members don’t know that you’re signed on. If you’d like to make a comment or ask a question, there is a chat box to type into. 2. Interested in the presentation but aren’t available at the time it’s being held? Register anyway! Webinars are often recorded. By registering, you will receive an email with the link you need to watch it on your own time. Attending the live event is more interesting because it gives you the opportunity to interact and ask questions. 3. Sign in 5 10 minutes early. Your computer might need to download some software before it can open the webinar. That can take a few minutes, so it’s best to sign in early so you don’t miss a thing. 4. Don’t have high speed internet? Don’t let that stop you. Consider calling a neighbor that does and watch the webinar together, or call your regional ag office to ask whether arranging a group viewing concludes on page 67

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WEBINARS, CONTINUED FROM PAGE 66 is possible. That way you’ll have the added bonus of being able to chat with your friends and neighbors about what you heard after the presentation too. 5. Share your feedback and what you want to learn about next. Most webinars, including BCRC’s, will ask you to fill out a short survey afterward. That feedback is very helpful to the organizer. It helps them to do an even better job of the next one, and to choose the topics that are most meaningful and useful to you. Charolais Connection • March 2015

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Services

Your ad should be here. 306.546.3940 68

Charolais Connection • March 2015


Alberta Breeders

Kasey, Arlana, Kord & Peri Phillips Box 420, Waskatenau, AB T0A 3P0

T 780.358.2360 • C 780.656.6400 • kphillips@mcsnet.ca KREATING KONFIDENCE

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British Columbia Breeders

Manitoba Breeders

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Ontario Breeders

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Saskatchewan Breeders

Quebec Breeders

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USA Breeders

BREEDING SEASON WILL SOON BE HERE Many superb herdbulls will be on offer this spring Know what you need and take advantage of the tremendous offering If you need assistance with your purchases, give us a call

Helge By 306-536-4261 Charolais Connection • March 2015

Craig Scott 403-651-9441 73


DIAMOND W CHAROLAIS & RED ANGUS

13th Annual Thursday, March 19, 2015 • 1:30 PM Bull Sale VALLEY LIVESTOCK SALES, MINITONAS, MB

WOB 31B • Eatons Royal Dynasty x Winn Mans JD BW ???, Adj WW ???, Adj YW ???, ADG ??? CE 97 BW -2.4 WW 31 YW 63 M 14.6 TM 30

Orland, Ivan & Ethel Walker Box 235, Hudson Bay, SK S0E 0Y0 T 306-865-3953 C 306-865-6539 diamondw@sasktel.net

Selling:

57 BULLS

CHAROLAIS 40 Yearlings RED & BLACK ANGUS 12 Yearlings • 5 Two Year Olds

Our bulls will work for you: • Big, solid bulls that can cover pastures • Lot of Hair – Full of Meat • Big Testicles, Good Feet, Easy Fleshing • Structurally sound • Performance Tested • Semen Tested, Measured and Ready to Work!

WOB 30B • Merit Roundup x Sparrows Bolivar BW 100, Adj WW 747, Adj YW 1357, ADG 3.81 CE 81 BW 1.1 WW 49 YW 21.8 TM 47

WIO 11B • Red 6 Mile Full Throttle x Red T-K Duster BW 75, Act WW 725, Act YW 1125 BW -2.2 WW 44 YW 76 M 11 TM 34 CE -1.9 SALE MANAGER

Commercial Consultant:

306-584-7937 Helge By 306-536-4261 Candace By 306-536-3374 charolaisbanner@gmail.com

Clayton Hawreluik, Heartland Livestock, Yorkton, SK 306-621-3824 (cell)

Valley Livestock Sales: Randy Hart, 204-734-8624 (cell)

View the catalogue online at www.bylivestock

IMPORTANT ACTIVITIES IN OUR INDUSTRY

Calendar of Events March 6 South Central Charolais Breeders Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Innisfail (AB) Auction Mart March 7 Wrangler Made 3rd Annual Bull Sale, 1 p.m , Sekura-Triple J Livestock, Westlock, AB March 7 Chomiak Charolais 11th Annual Bull & Female Sale, 1:00 p.m., Viking (AB) Auction Market March 7 High Country Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Pincher Creek (AB) Ag Grounds March 7 Ferme Louber Annual Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., at the farm, Ste-Marie de Beauce, QC 74

March 8-9 96th Pride of the Prairies Bull Show & Sale, Lloydminster (SK) Exhibition Grounds March 10 McTavish Charolais 4th Annual Charolais & Red Angus Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., at the farm, Moosomin, SK March 10 Valley Charolais Bull Sale, 12:30 p.m., BC Livestock Co-op, Kamloops, BC March 10 Harvie Ranching Bull Sale, at the ranch, Olds, AB March 11 Built Right Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Provost (AB) Livestock Exchange March 12 Footprint Farms Charolais Power Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Dryland Cattle Trading Corp., Veteran, AB Charolais Connection • March 2015

March 13 A. Sparrow Farms Bull Sale, 2:00 p.m., at the farm, Vanscoy, SK March 13 Neilson Cattle Co. 25th Annual Bull Sale, at the farm, Willowbrook, SK March 13 11th Annual Northern Classic Bull Sale, Grand Prairie, AB March 14 Horseshoe E Charolais Annual Bull Sale, 2:00 p.m., Johnstone Auction Mart, Moose Jaw, SK March 14 Vente Synergie, 12:30 p.m., SteSophie de Levard, QC March 17 Gilliland Bros. Charolais Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., at the farm, Carievale, SK


March 18 McKeary Charolais Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Bow Slope Shipping, Brooks, AB

March 21 Sandan Charolais Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., at the farm, Erskine, AB

March 19 13th Annual Diamond W Charolais, Red & Black Angus Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Minitonas, MB

March 21 Ferme Palerme Charolais Bull Sale, Vinoy Test Station, 1:00 p.m., at Ferme Gagnon, Cheneville, QC

March 19 Buffalo Lake Charolais and Shorthorns Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Stettler (AB) Auction Mart

March 21 Northern Impact II Charolais Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., North Central Livestock, Clyde, AB

March 20 12th Annual Family Tradition Bull Sale, 2:00 p.m., at Rolling D Charolais, Dropmore, MB

March 21 Rollin’ Acres/Patton/Whiskey Hollow & Guests 5th Annual Bull Sale, 2:00 p.m., Maple Hill Auctions, Hanover, ON

March 20 Reese Cattle Co. Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Innisfail (AB) Auction Mart March 21 Canada’s Red , White and Black Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Johnstone Auction Mart, Moose Jaw, SK March 21 Pleasant Dawn Charolais 13th Annual Bull Sale, 2:00 p.m., Heartland Livestock, Virden, MB

March 23 White is Right Bull Sale, Balog Auction Mart, Lethbridge, AB March 23 North West Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Kramer’s Big Bid Barn, North Battleford, SK March 24 Steppler Farms 4th Annual Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., at the farm, Miami, MB

March 25 HTA Charolais & Guests Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Beautiful Plains Ag Complex, Neepawa, MB March 25 Transcon’s 20th Annual Advantage Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Saskatoon (SK) Livestock Sales March 26 Elder Charolais 5th Annual Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., at the farm, Coronach, SK March 27 Winn Man Farms 14th Annual Bull Sale, 2:00 p.m., at the farm, Winnipegosis, MB March 27 Thistle Ridge Ranch Bull Sale, Taber Agriplex, AB March 27 K-Cow Ranch Family Bull Sale, at the ranch, Elk Point, AB March 28 Impact Angus & Charolais Bull & Female Sale, 1:00 p.m., Saskatoon (SK) Livestock Sales

MCL PD Who Make Who 8124B 4th Gen Polled • National Junior Bull Calf Champion at Brandon last fall He and 2 half brothers by JWX Maverick 630Z sell

Grant’s Anchor 311A National Reserve Grand Champion Bull • Watch for progeny from our new herdsire who is a polled son of Pleasant Dawn Spawn

Colin, Jen & Wacey McCaw Whitewood, SK

306-735-7020 colinmccawlivestock@gmail.com

Charolais Connection • March 2015

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You Betcha x Casoar

Genk x Dragon

These bulls used on our own large commercial herd give us the meat, hair and performance that tops the market STEPHEN CHAROLAIS FARM Home of Full French Charolais

Impair x Jezabel

Sydney x Impair Granddaughter

Kelly Stephen Box 26, Moosomin, SK S0G 3N0 (W) 306-435-3548 (H) 306-435-2087 (C) 306-435-7383 kellyandpam@rfnow.com

Give us a call and let us help you muscle up your herd

March 28 PIC Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Carson Sales Arena, Listowel, ON

March 28 Transcon’s Mountainview Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Innisfail (AB) Auction Mart

March 28 Borderland Cattle Company Bull Sale, 1:30 p.m, at the ranch, Rockglen, SK

March 29 Best of the Breeds Bull Sale, 2:00 p.m., Heartland Livestock, Yorkton, SK

March 28 4th Annual High Point Charolais Breeders Bull Sale, 6:00 p.m., Carmarthen Lake Farms, Singhampton, ON March 28 Quebec Select Bull Sale, Ferme A.R.F. Champagne, St-Sylvestre, QC March 28 Benchmark Charolais Bull Sale, 1:30 p.m., Renfrew Pontiac Livestock Facility, Cobden, ON March 28 JTA Diamond Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., at the farm, Courval, SK March 28 Source for Success Bull Sale, Elmlodge Herefords, Indian River, ON 76

March 31 Prairie Distinction Charolais Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Beautiful Plains Ag Complex, Neepawa, MB April 1 White Cap/Rosso Charolais & Howe Red Angus Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., at White Cap Charolais, Moose Jaw, SK April 1 Chopper K & Guests Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Alameda (SK) Auction Mart April 2 Hunter Charolais Bull Sale, 1:30 p.m., DST, at the farm, Roblin, MB April 2 Desertland Cattle Co. Charolais Bull Sale, Dryland Trading Corp., Veteran, AB Charolais Connection • March 2015

April 4 Cattleman’s Classic Multi-Breed Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Heartland Livestock, Virden, MB April 4 Vermilion Charolais Group 29th Annual Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Nilsson Bros. Livestock Exchange, Vermilion, AB April 4 Maritime Bull Test Station Sale, at the test station, Nappan, NS April 4 N.E. Source Bull Sale, 1:30 p.m., Edwards Livestock Centre, Tisdale, SK April 4 Saunders Charolais 10th Annual Bull Sale, 2:00 p.m., Keady (ON) Livestock Market April 6 Wilgenbusch Charolais 12th Annual North of the 49th Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., at the farm, Halbrite, SK


April 7 Cedarlea Charolais & Windy Willows Angus Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Windy Willows Farm, Hodgeville, SK April 8 Mutrie Farms/Bar H Charolais Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Candiac (SK) Auction Market April 9 9th Annual Size Matters Bull Sale, 1:30 p.m., at Sliding Hills Charolais, Canora, SK April 11 Branding the Best Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Spiritwood (SK) Stockyards April 11 Eastern Select Bull & Female Sale, 1:00 p.m., Hoards Station Sale Barn, Campbellford, ON

April 11 Saint-Hyacinthe (QC) Test Station Sale April 11 40th Annual Vanderhoof All Breeds Bull Sale, 12 noon, BC Livestock Coop, Vanderhoof, BC April 13 10th Annual Select Genetics Bull Sale, 1:00 p.m., Heartland Livestock, Swift Current, SK

April 18 Cedardale Charolais 12th Annual Bull & Select Female Sale, 1:00 p.m., at the farm, Nestleton, ON April 18 Lindskov-Thiel Bull Sale, at the ranch, Isabel, SD June 11 – 13 Canadian Charolais Association Annual General Meeting, Brandon, MB

April 14 Top Cut Bull Sale, 2:00 p.m., Stockman’s Weigh Co., Mankota, SK

June 22 – 30 World Charolais Technical Conference, Saskatchewan & Alberta

April 18 Cornerstone Bull & Female Sale, 1:30 p.m., Whitewood (SK) Auction Mart

July 22 – 25 Canadian Charolais Youth Association Conference & Show, Yorkton (SK) Exhibition Grounds

www.charolaisbanner.com PRAIRIE GOLD BULLS

FOR

SALE

Good Selection of Two Year Old and Yearling Bulls • Most are Polled • Some Red Factor

SB FERNANDO 33X • POLLED

CEDARLEA BATALLION 65Y • HOMOZYGOUS PLD

FERNANDO

BATALLION

Easy doing, meat machine who is doing a great job here. Calving ease & performance. Winn Mans Lanza x Sparrows Matador CE 83 BW 1.2 WW 44 YW 104 M 34.3 TM 56

Great set of calves on the ground from this son of CSS Sir Gridmaker 2W. Calving ease with meat and growth. CE 83 BW .2 WW 45 YW 85 M 26.4 TM 49

Thank you to our many past customers. We invite your inspection anytime.

GMC TNT 5T • HOMOZYGOUS POLLED

TNT Great heifer bull for years. This No Doubt son has been very consistent for us. CE 84 BW .7 WW 52 YW 103 M 25.9 TM 52

Charolais Connection • March 2015

PRAIRIE GOLD CHAROLAIS Dave & Alva Blechinger Box 6, Rosetown, SK S0L 2V0 306.882.4081 Charolais – as Good as Gold

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LOOKING TO FIND SOMEONE?

Advertisers Index Amabec Charolais ........................................71 Anchor J Charolais ......................................69 Annuroc Charolais........................................71 B Bar D Charolais..........................................71 Baker Charolais ............................................71 Bar H Charolais........................................53,72 Bar Punch Ranch ..........................................69 Beck Farms....................................................72 Be-Rich Farms ..............................................69 Blackbern Charolais ................................15,71 Black Ridge Angus Farm ..............................53 Bo-Jan Enterprises........................................72 Borderland Cattle Co. ..................................29 Bova-Tech Ltd. ..............................................68 Bow Valley Genetics Ltd. ............................68 Bricney Stock Farms ....................................72 Bridor Charolais............................................71 Brimner Cattle Company ..................56,57,72 Buffalo Lake Charolais ................................69 Burnside Charolais ......................................39 By Livestock ..........3,7,17-20,39,53,56,57,OBC Campbells Charolais ....................................45 Carey, Brent ..................................................68 Cattle Creek Ranching ................................42 Cattle In Motion ..........................13,18,19,IBC Cattle Lac Charolais......................................39 Cedardale Charolais ..............................71,IBC Cedarlea Farms ..............................................7 Charla Moore Farms ....................................72 Char-Maine Ranching ..................................69 Charolais Journal..........................................68 Charworth Charolais Farms ........................69 Chomiak Charolais ......................................69 Circle Cee Charolais Farms ..........................69 Cornerview Charolais ..................................15 Cougar Hill Ranch ........................................72 Creek's Edge Land & Cattle Co.................6,72 C2 Charolais........................................38,39,70 Davis-Rairdan ..............................................68 Defoort Stock Farm......................................70 Demarah Farms ............................................31 Diamond W Charolais ............................72,74 Dog Patch Acres ......................................32,33 Dorran, Ryan ................................................68 Double L Ranch ............................................69 Double P Stock Farms ............................39,70 Dubuc Charolais ..........................................72 Dudgeon-Snobelen Land & Cattle ..............71 Eaton Charolais ............................................73 Elder Charolais Farms..............................17,72 Ericson Livestock Services ............................68 Ferme Palerme ..........................................9,72 Fischer Charolais ..........................................69 Fleury, Michael ............................................68 Foat Valley Stock Farm ......................30,31,69 Footprint Farms ..........................................69 4-G Charolais Ranch ....................................72 Future Farms ................................................69 Gerrard Cattle Co. ..................................31,69 Gilliland Bros. Charolais ..............................72

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Good Anchor Charolais................................69 GRP Ltd. ........................................................68 H.S. Knill Company Ltd. ..............................68 Happy Haven Charolais......................39,40,70 Harcourt Charolais ..................................32,33 Hard Rock Land & Cattle Co. ......................70 Harvie Ranching ..........................................69 Hawken Shorthorns ....................................53 HEJ Charolais ..............................................69 Hicks Charolais ............................................71 High Bluff Stock Farm ..............................5,70 Holk Charolais ..............................................69 Horseshoe E Charolais..................................72 Howe Family Farm ......................................27 HTA Charolais Farm ..................................3,70 Hunter Charolais ....................................20,70 JMB Charolais ..............................................70 Johnson Charolais ........................................69 Johnston Charolais..................................39,41 Johnstone Auction ......................................68 Jordan River Charolais ............................49,72 JTA Diamond Charolais................................42 June Rose Charolais ....................................35 Kaiser Charolais Farm ..................................69 Kanewischer, Jerry........................................68 Kay-R Land & Cattle Ltd...............................69 KCH Charolais ..............................................70 Kirlene Cattle ..............................................71 La Ferme Patry de Weedon ........................72 Land O' Lakes Charolais ..............................71 Langstaff Charolais ......................................71 Laurel Creek Ranch ......................................73 Leemar Charolais..........................................69 Legacy Charolais ..........................................31 LEJ Charolais............................................51,70 Lindskov-Thiel Charolais Ranch ..................73 Live Auctions TV ............................................9 M & L Cattle Co. ..........................................71 Mack's Charolais ..........................................71 Maple Leaf Charolais ..................................69 Martens Cattle Co. ..................................25,73 Martens Charolais ........................................70 McAvoy Charolais Farm ..........................23,73 McCaw Livestock ..........................................75 McKay Charolais ..........................................70 McKeary Charolais ......................................69 McLeod Livestock ........................................68 McTavish Charolais ......................................73 Medonte Charolais ......................................71 Miller Land & Livestock ..........................45,71 Murphy Livestock ........................................69 Mutrie Farms ..........................................53,73 Myhre Land and Cattle ................................71 Nahachewsky Charolais ..............................73 Norheim Ranching ......................................68 Ossim Livestock ............................................31 P & H Ranching Co. ......................................70 Packer Charolais ..........................................71 Palmer Charolais ..........................................73 Parklane Charolais ......................................70

Charolais Connection • March 2015

Patton Charolais ..........................................71 Phillips Farms................................................73 Pleasant Dawn Charolais ............................71 Poley, Chris ..................................................68 Potter Charolais............................................71 Prairie Cove Consulting ..............................68 Prairie Gold Charolais ............................73,77 Prairie View Charolais..................................71 Pro-Char Charolais ......................................70 Qualman Charolais ......................................73 R & G McDonald Livestock......................39,41 Rammer Charolais ....................................3,45 Rawes Ranches ............................................70 Rebuild with Steel........................................68 Reykdal Farms Charolais ..............................71 Rollin' Acres Charolais ................................72 Rosso Charolais ............................................27 Royal Oak Charolais ....................................42 Royale Charolais ..........................................72 RRTS Charolais..............................................70 Saddleridge Charolais ..................................70 Sandan Charolais Farms..........................11,70 Saunders Charolais..................................13,72 Scarth Cattle Co. ..........................................71 Serhienko/Voegeli Cattle Co. ......................73 Sharodon Farms ..........................................72 Skeels, Danny ..............................................68 Sliding Hills Charolais..............................49,73 Southside Charolais......................................59 A. Sparrow Farms ........................................IFC Springside Farms ..........................................11 Spruceview Charolais ..................................70 Stephen Charolais Farm..........................73,76 Steppler Farms Ltd. ..........................18,19,71 Stock, Mark ..................................................68 Stockmen’s Insurance ..................................68 Sunblade Charolais ................................39,42 Sunny Ridge Stock Farm ..............................50 Sunrise Charolais ..........................................72 Swiston Charolais ........................................35 T Bar C Cattle Co. ..........................11,23,32,33 Tee M Jay Charolais......................................43 Temple Farms ..............................................73 Thistle Ridge Ranch......................................70 Transcon Livestock Corp. ........................31,68 Tri-N Charolais ........................................51,71 Turnbull Charolais ........................................70 Vermillion Charolais Group ........................30 Western Litho ..............................................69 Whiskey Hollow Cattle Company................72 White Cap Charolais ..............................27,73 WhiteWater Livestock ............................15,72 Wilgenbusch Charolais ........................73,OBC Wilkie Ranch ................................................70 Winn Man Farms ..........................................16 Winters Charolais ........................................72 Wood River Charolais ..................................37 Wrangler Charolais ......................................70 WRAZ Red Angus ....................................56,57


CED 47B

CED 85B

Blueblood 85B • Double Polled Keys All State 149X x LHD Cigar E46 DOB: Jan22/14 • BW 98 WW 885 YT 1381 BW 2.3 WW 49 YW 90 TM 39

Bentley 47B • Polled Merit Roundup 9508W x HFCC Calypso 1N DOB: Jan 12/14 • BW 91 WW 902 YW 1498 BW .3 WW 46 YW 89 TM 41 CED 63B

Berkley 63B • Double Polled Keys All State 149X x LT Wyoming Wind 4020 DOB: Jan 16/14 • BW 96 WW 832 YT 1505 BW 1.2 WW 47 YW 82 TM 38

CED 104B

CED 127B

Bizmark 104B • Polled/Scurred Merit Roundup 9508W x Sparrows Alliance 513G DOB: Feb 8/14 • BW 93 WW 818 YW 1346 BW 1.1 WW 45 YW 83 TM 37

Bando 127B • Double Polled Cedardale Winchester 70W x Sparrows Alliance DOB: March 4/14 • BW 92 WW 894 YW 1421 BW .2 WW 46 YW 78 TM 39 CED 119B

Brilliance 119B • Double Polled Keys All State 149X X SHX 26K DOB: Feb 22/14 • BW 96 WW 943 YT 1487 BW 0.9 WW 51 YW 87 TM 41

Trevor, Scott & Ryan Nesbitt • 17100 Cedardale Road, Nestleton, ON L0B 1L0

Tel: (905) 986-4608 • info@cedardalefarms.ca • www.cedardalefarms.ca Follow Hwy 7A E of Port Perry 3 km E of Nestleton. Turn N onto Johns Rd., E onto Malcolm Rd., N onto Cedardale Rd. First farm on left.

Sarah Buchanan 1.888.554.VIDS

WWW.CATTLEINMOTION.COM

To view videos and pictures of the bulls please visit our website at www.cedardalefarms.ca


Bigger and better than ever is this year’s offering of white and red factor bulls JWX 65B

3rd Gen Pld • Gerrard Pastor x CSS Sir Navigator CE 46 BW 4.4 WW 52 YW 94 M 20.6 TM 47 BW 98 205 DW 756 365 DW 1434

JWX 90B

• Semen Tested • Ultrasound Data • Leptin Tested

Dbl Pld • CSS Sir Navigator x CS Pld Junction CE 83 BW 1.5 WW 39 YW 68 M 19.9 TM 39 BW 92 205 DW 680 365 DW 1240

• All Bulls Guaranteed Will keep bulls for FREE until you need them in the pasture. Delivery & Terms Available – Contact Us Sight Unseen Program Available JWX 904B

JWX 223B

Polled • HTA Tautus x CSS Sir Navigator CE 79 BW 3.6 WW 54 YW 102 M 20.7 TM 48 BW 96 205 DW 791 365 DW 1525

3rd Gen Pld • Gerrard Pastor x HBSF Express CE 51 BW 3.2 WW 56 YW 107 M 24.5 TM 53 BW 74 205 DW 749 365 DW 1467

JWX 2B

Dbl Pld • LAE Juice Box x Lang’s Red Soldier CE 84 BW 1.2 WW 60 YW 113 M 23 TM 53 BW 95 205 DW 833 365 DW 1585

Plan to join us on Sunday, April 5th: 1:00-5:00 PM Bull Viewing 5:30 PM Prime Rib Supper and Social

JWX 154A

Dbl Pld • RPJ Carrera x KAYR Tex CE 64 BW 2.7 WW 58 YW 89 M 22.3 TM 51

Contact us for more information or a catalogue, or view the catalogue & videos online at www.wilgenbuschcharolais.com John & Brenda 306-458-2688 C 306-458-7873 wilgenbusch@sasktel.net Craig & Tricia 306-458-7482 ctwilgenbusch@hotmail.com @WilgenbuschChar

Sale Manager

306-584-7937 Helge By 306-536-4261 Candace By 306-536-3374 charolaisbanner@gmail.com www.bylivestock.com

Profile for Charolais Banner

March 2015 charolais connection  

March 2015 charolais connection