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OCTOBER- DECEMBER 2020

A QUARTERLY PUBLICATION OF LBEF GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS

VOLUME 02, ISSUE: 4

PAST NEWSLETTERS

ISSN 2705-4721 (PRINT) AND 2705-473X (ONLINE)

CONTAINERIZATION OF APPLICATIONS

PCPS Connect Volume 02, Issue: 01

Mr. Deepak Kumar Karna- Program Coordinator

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PCPS Connect Volume 02, Issue: 02

PCPS Connect Volume 02, Issue: 03

n the current real world, all the modern applications created are being pushed into the virtualized environment rather than using the real environment. Most of the applications are even pushed to the cloud instead of the on-premises infrastructure. The concept of virtualization came brought the concept of virtual machines. A virtual machine is an infrastructure which contains virtualization on the top of a real operating system. It refers to running multiple operating systems on a computer system simultaneously. To the applications running on top of the virtualized machine, it appears as if they are on their own dedicated machine,

Fig 1. Virtualization (source: howvirtualization-works-400x217.png (400×217) (redhat.com))

where the operating system, libraries and other programs are unique to the guest virtualized system and unconnected to the host operating system which sits below it. Some examples of virtualization software are VMWare, VirtualBox, etc. Though, there are lots of advantages in terms of user’s usability of a common infrastructure for multiple environments (if the user has good number of resources in his/her infrastructure), in the long run, creation of lots of applications consumes lots of resources as their deployment requires separate operating systems configuration. Another concept of virtualization came with the concept of containerization which do not require the configuration of separate virtual machines. These are also referred to as the lightweight. These do not require the overhead of associating an operating system within each application. The containers are inherently less in capacity than any virtual machines and it also requires a very less time to start-up. Another benefit of using containers is that it allows far more containers to run PCPS COLLEGE


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on the same compute capacity as a single Virtual Machine. This drives higher server efficiencies and in turn, reduces server and licensing costs. The concept of containerization allows applications to be developed once and run anywhere in any environment supporting containerization This gives the concept of portability. It allows other benefits like fault isolation, ease of management and security. Containers bundles application together with all the related configuration files, libraries and dependencies required to run it. Containerized applications are isolated which runs with the help of containerization engine in a layer below it. As mentioned above, the containers do not need to bundle the guest operating systems as the virtual machines do. The containerization engine (like Docker) becomes the channel for containers to share an operating system with other containers on the same computing system. The other container layers like common bins and libraries can also be shared among the containers which eliminates the overhead of running the separate OS within each application making the containers small in capacity and faster to startup. This adds another layer of security between the separate container environments as if any malicious script affects one containerized application, it will not impact the other containerized applications. Containers can also be run on the Virtual machines, i.e., many containers inside a virtual

Fig 3. User Containerization technology flow (Source: google)

Fig 4. Docker as a renowned containerization system (Source: google) machine can be deployed. Due to portability, the containers can be ported from an on-premises infrastructure to a cloud environment easily.

Fig 2. Containerization of multiple applications (Docker) (Source: google)

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Due to the various benefits of containerization, enterprises are adopting it quickly and easily. The common benefits are Portability, Agility, Speed, Fault Isolation, Efficiency, Ease of Management and Security. Agility process is important to the developers who develop the application and need to port in different environment for testing. Any changes should be quickly ported and tested in the environment. The universal packaging of the containerization technique to run in different OS environment helps the user in rapid application development and testing. Due to sharing of the same operating system, the time to start the different OS for different environments are saved along with the resource management time for them. This leads to the good speed of containers. Virtual segregation of the containers from the real environment real environment and from similar other environments prevents the error on one affect others which is one good way of isolation of issues within the containers.


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Lots of options are available for scaling, managing, logging, and debugging of the containers which helps in its management easily. Introduction to some other cloudbased services like Microservices helps the breaking of the complex software into simple modules and containerize them in separate containers. One of the common containerization techniques is Dockers, which is widely accepted. Fig 5. Theme of containerization (Source: google)

Why study BBA?

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he moment you finish high school, there are several forces that are pulling you, it is generally a confusing but critical moment as an informed decision has to be made that will determine future prospects. Choosing your stream of focus area after grade 10 and 12 is a difficult choice to make. With the traditional areas of medicines, law and engineering are among the choices of few, likewise some would choose computers or management programs. The field of management has been popular due to its versatility of job prospects, but job market has always room for individuals with professionalism. Only an undergraduate degree from globally ranked college in Business Administration can open doors for specialized as well as general management roles. Some of the perspective jobs after BBA are Accountant, Financial Advisor, Marketer, Commodities Trader, Human Resource, Loan officers, Managers, and Entrepreneur. BBA is believed to the foundation for learners who are seeking career in business or corporate job market as it helps to understand and develop management processes and objectives in

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a shorter time frame. The other business areas that are focused on during this course are leadership, critical thinking and profitable decisionmaking. For a dynamic manager to operate in globally competitive business landscape, the courses like business law, intercultural competencies in business, entrepreneurship and leadership of business ventures, business research methods and corporate finance helps enhance their capabilities. With the successful completion of the course once can easily find a lucrative job, opportunities in local as well as global market as the learner will be able to understand the dynamics of an organization and their interconnections. The wider scope of job opportunity available makes the BBA a perfect business decision that ensures more ROI for lesser investment. The objective of Management Studies is to understand and equip the learners with organizational and managerial skills required to get people working together in achieving desired outcome, utilizing the available resources efficiently and effectively. Bachelor of Business Administration is a professional degree that blends liberal arts

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and business administration courses. BBA is a highly specialized course focusing on general as well as concentrations on management functional areas. The course helps the learners to develop and enhance their managerial & communication skills and business decision-making capabilities throughout the duration of their course. The course requirement are met through globally designed and updated curriculum, business analysis, marketing planning, financial analysis, strategic analysis, case studies, presentations, interactions with experts and industrial visits. Not all BBA curriculum are designed and updated as per the job requirement of global standards, which is why the perspective learners have to be very careful in choosing the right college and university. The University of Bedfordshire is ranked in 601-800th World University ranking by Times Higher Education and has recently been awarded as 151-200th in young university rankings 2018. -The author is Saurav Satyal, Head of Department for School of Business at Patan College for Professional Studies an Academic Partner for University of Bedfordshire, UK.


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FROM THE DESK OF EDITOR Dear Readers, It gives me immense pleasure to welcome you all on this quarter issue (Volume 2, Issue 4) of our newsletter the “PCPS Connect”. Dear Readers, Greetings from LBEF Campus! Hope you are healthy and safe. I believe all of us will be happy to see the end of AY2020, as this has been a year of extra ordinary hurdles and never seen challenges to entire human society. But in the midst of all negatives, we have to remember for those silver linings which enabled us in broadening our pedagogical skills and increased our educational and technological horizons along with the dealing of all the uncertainties of the past nine months. We are all set to launch our new academic program in the fleet of our undergraduate programs i.e. B.Sc. IT with specialism in Cloud Computing. As the “First IT College of Nepal”, we are committed to produce and develop industry ready professionals and our new B.Sc. IT program will be contributing in the same directions. The passed 3 months, not only offered testing and further enhancement of our organizational skills but also brought few new horizons in the form of the Agreement/MOU signed with Genese Cloud Academy, Nepal Chamber of Commerce and Articulation agreement signed with Western Sydney University, Australia. These agreements/ tieups/MOUs will help the LBEF students in exploring better opportunities in the field of technology and management. LBEF Campus by following strict physical distancing and hygiene procedures tried their best in showing remarkable strength, compassion, and resilience by working together, supporting each other and our students. A big thanks to all the students, academic and non-academic staff for their continuous patience and cooperation during this particularly difficult year. I would like to conclude by saying that I wish and welcome the new academic year 2021 with new hopes and enter this fresh year leaving aside all your worries and sorrows. Looking forward to 2021!

I hope you, and your loved ones, are safe and healthy during this unpresidential times of uncertainty and chaos due to the Novel virus Covid-19. As we have just got use to living with precautions, a new strain of Virus has been deducted and is said to be 50% stronger than the older one. We at PCPS have also began to normalize the work conditions by adopting various safety protocols for the safety of us and our loved ones at home and also starting face to face learning for the upcoming session commencing from Jan 25, 2021 onwards. The popularity of the micro degree and internship in Artificial Intelligence has gained a huge popularity among the audience, thank you for the continuous support towards PCPS. The learners will also be directed towards the physical labs from the virtual labs as at PCPS we have state of art infrastructure to cater the needs of the university of Bedfordshire standards. The ECA team at PCPS college is also excited to meet and greet the students face to face, also the calendar planner for the semester is all set for our students to add celebration, learning, bonding among each other. The webinar series featured learning and perspectives on Citations and Referencing for Harvard Referencing, Use of IOT in our daily lives and Business Ecosystem for startups in Nepal by Dr. Sandeep Kautish (Dean Academics, LBEF), Jyotir Moy Chatterjee and Rohit Tiwari respectively on their knowledge sharing sessions. With the major highlights of collaboration, technological adaptation, learning conducive events and students engagement events, PCPS Connect also would like to wish all the +2 results awaiting students best of luck.

Stay Safe and Healthy!

Institutions are the backbone of the country and the team at PCPS, in fact, entire LBEF group stands with you to face the challenges together. There will be a time when we will rebuild and there will be a call to action, but at the moment we still need to be extremely careful about COVID-19, and what it can do. I urge you all to stay healthy and keep practicing social distancing seriously.

God Bless You All! P. Kejriwal, Founder LBEF Group of Institutions

Thanking You, Mr. Saurav Satyal saurav.satyal@patancollege.org

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EVENTS Photography Challenge A

s a part of our fun photography challenge, students took part in ‘Tihar Artwork’ and ‘Christmas Delight’. As a part of ‘Tihar Artwork’ challenge, our students splashed us with beautiful colors of Rangoli and some really beautiful designs of Rangoli. Our talented girls Yajju Karmacharya and Anugraha Ghale made beautiful rangolis with diyas and lights. In December, we celebrated the Christmas vibes with ‘Christmas Delight’ theme for our last photography challenge. The students who took part in this challenge shared some really beautiful Christmas pictures of their own Christmas decorations as well as some outdoor Christmas pictures.

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OCTOBER- DECEMBER 2020 / VOLUME 02 / ISSUE 04

Admission Week 3rd December, 2020

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CPS College hosted its first Admissions Week from Dec 3, 2020 to Dec 8, 2020. This event welcomed students to enroll themselves and get a 20% scholarship* upfront with a partial enrollment and they could even be eligible for up to 100% scholarship*. The students could connect to the admission counselor by selecting any date and time during the week and get one to one counseling on either call, Zoom, WhatsApp, Viber or visit the campus. Student’s flooded with appointments and one student was even able to get a 100% scholarship during this event for BSc. Computer Science and Software Engineering.

Webinar Series: 29th November & 6th December 2020

Crossword Challenges 11th October, 2019

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s a part of PCPC college’s Webinar series 1.0, two major topics were discussed this time. IOT and its future: Mr. Jyotir Moy Chatterjee, Assistant Professor at Lord Buddha Education Foundation, discussed about ‘Internet of Things and its future. During this event, he discussed how interrelation of devices makes our life easy and how it is used in almost every sector today. Mr. Chatterjee, explained to all the attendees how data can be

transferred with IOT without human – to - human or human – to – computer interaction. Referencing using ‘ Harvard Reference System’: Prof. (Dr.) Sandeep Kautish, Dean (Academics), LBEF Campus, guided everyone through the steps of using and intricacies of Harvard Reference System. This webinar was conducted on Dec 6, 2020 facilitating the students with extra help to prepare for their reports. https:// patancollege.edu.np/webinar-series-1-0

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PCPS College organized virtual crossword challenge via E – Jaanch for Business, IT and Crossword whizz. The crosswords were easy breezy for those with a quick minds in IT and Business. This 45 minutes quiz was loved by all and not just the PCPS students, but others whoever came across these on our Facebook page attempted it. The winners were gifted gift vouchers from a popular supermarket so that they can treat themselves with the things they need. The winners of the competition for IT and business were Sarthak Tibrewal and Niraj Chudali respectively.


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Business Boot Camp 23rd December, 2020

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CPS College started with the Business Boot camp to organize interactive sessions with successful entrepreneurs in Nepal. As a start to this session on 23rd Dec,

Mr. Rohit Tiwari the CEO/ Co – founder of the online food delivery company, Foodmario joined us for the session to share success story with us.

TESTIMONIALS

Foodmario is Nepal’s first and only platform that connects home chefs with customers all over Kathmandu Valley. The man behind this successful business was there to discuss about branding of startups in Nepal. Nepal is an emerging market for bussing entrepreneurs. Mr. Tiwari had some really great tips that he shared regarding the importance of branding in today's market in Nepal. Especially, when the business is an online business and the age group using the platform are mostly either teenagers or mid – age working people. This event was open to all and the participation was overwhelming. Our Head of the Department (School of Business), Mr. Saurav Satyal moderated the event. Our students from School of Business had a lot of interesting questions for Mr. Tiwari and he gave them some really interesting ideas on business. https://patancollege.edu.np/webinarseries-1-0

Editorial Board Chief Patron Mr. P. Kejriwal Patron Er. Pankaj Jalan

Name: Bipul Chachan BBA, Level 4

Name: Anjan Singh Basnet BSc. CS&SE, Level 5

“All of us do not have equal talent. But, all of us have an equal opportunity to develop our talents” -APJ ABDUL KALAM

Choosing PCPS College was one of the best decisions of my life with regards to my education. I chose PCPS College not only because of its world – class UK degree in Nepal but also because of its teaching quality. I have been thoroughly enjoying my time studying and engaging myself in extracurricular activities at the college. The independence that the college gives me when it comes to studying has enabled me to understand how UK education system works and how important it is to understand the value to time and deadlines.

As a new student of PCPS College, the journey has just begun for me, to explore and know more about the college. PCPS College has been nourishing me with ample amount of opportunities and support to grow and realize my career and life goals. The quote above fits well in my case as the college provides equal opportunity for each individual to explore their set of talents and supports each and every student equally for not only their academics but also for their overall development. I can confidently say that the faculty is exceptionally energetic and showcases genuine desire to assist students which has made my academic journey at PCPS College very enjoyable.

Advisory Board Er. Prakash Kumar Kejriwal Dr. Sandeep Kautish Er. Ajaya Sharma Editor- in- Chief Mr. Saurav Satyal Special Thanks To Ms. Sarita Pundir Publication Committee Mr. Jasbir Singh Makkar Mr. Binson Thapa- (Level 6, BBA) Creative Team Ms. Ashmin Maharjan

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