PCPS Connect Vol-1 Issue-1

Page 1

ISSN: 2705-473X




Page: 04 Introducing Brand Ambassador



Page: 05 Open House Event

Page: 06 Final UG- Project Viva Exam

P Page: 08 Experience Story

atan College for Professional Studies (PCPS) organised practical hands-on workshop on “Building a Chatbot using IBM Watson" so that anyone with basic computer skills would be able to learn to create a chatbot. The only prerequisite for this course is your desire to learn.

of the workshop, students had better understanding of: • Introduction to chatbots • Working with intent. • Working with Entities. • Deploying your chat bot

The workshop started with the IBM Watson Assistant to build chatbots. As an outcome

The workshop was done by Dr. Swati Sah and Mr Devashish Kumar. LBEF GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS



THE FOUNDER Dear Readers, Being a part of the LBEF Group of Institutions, Lord Buddha Education Foundation, has over a decade, established as a prominent teaching and research institution in the country. The country has witnessed the achievements of the thousands of graduates produced through the years, symbolizing the quality standards maintained by the Institution. Teaching and learning at this Institution is ascertained by a combination of theoretical aspects with hands on practical experience through workshops, laboratory work, emphasizing on team- building activities, leadership and communication skills. To accomplish the desired results to this end, we have at our disposal, a team of eminent faculty with in-depth knowledge, academic prowess and industrial experience. The primary aim of the Institute has always been to produce an adequately skilled manpower, having the appropriate knowledge, skills and attitude for industry, research and to provide a backbone for the public sector. Professionally trained and equipped graduates is the key driver of human development. I welcome all prospective students to become responsible citizens and make their parents, institute and the country proud of their achievements. God Bless You! P. Kejriwal Founder, LBEF Group of Institutions



FROM THE DESK OF EDITOR- IN- CHIEF Opening Message, Welcome to the Volume 01, Issue: 1 Dear Readers, The quotation from Marc Benioff “Nothing is more important, certainly during these times of artificial intelligence, than our public education. And as it continues to grow and evolve, I think you and I know this is going to be critical that we are constantly training and retraining and creating these next-generation jobs.” Continue to our journey of sharing glimpses of Patan College for Professional Studies (PCPS) time to time, I am feeling honoured to share the first volume of “PCPS Connect” for your consideration. It is another feather of success in the glorious crown of PCPS, which our efforts and best practices adopted towards the holistic development of our students. PCPS is a constituent unit of Lord Buddha Education Foundation (LBEF) Group of Institutions. LBEF has a long-standing history in the field of education and academics in Nepal, being established in 1998 as the first IT College in Nepal. More than 7000 students have over the years graduated from LBEF Group of Institutions and today, have established their career as bankers, IT experts, entrepreneurs, managers, leaders in their chosen area of work. The inception of Patan College for Professional Studies (PCPS) began with this very simple thought, the desire to provide a globally accredited degree from a renowned UK university at our own backyard. Under the visionary leadership of our founder Hon’ble Mr. P. Kejriwal, a well-known social transformer in the country, and his dynamic family members led by Er. Pankaj Jalan and Er. Prakash Kumar, visualizes its sustainable development as an academy of excellence in professional education by adopting best innovative practices in teaching & learning. PCPS is religiously transforming the student’s future through innovative and world class education facilities to promote technological and business entrepreneurship in Nepal. The affection and the dedication of the team leads the PCPS as one of the best institutions in the country. The newsletter covers key developments in the institute spanning across the last three months, both within academics as well as beyond the academic fronts which kept the campus life abuzz with enthusiasm. I heartily thankful to our management for putting faith on me. I am also thankful to the esteemed members of the advisory board, editorial board, faculty, students and staff of PCPS for their co-operation & support in bringing out this first issue of PCPS Connect. As the festive season is on , I wish All of you a very Happy Dussehra and Tihar. Thanking You, Dr. Swati Sah swati.sah@patancollege.org



EVENTS Introducing Brand Ambassador 28th July, 2019


ord Buddha Education Foundation (LBEF), the first IT College of Nepal, was established in 1998 with a motive of providing quality education. From its humble beginnings, the college has made steady progress and today stands as one of the leading educational group in Nepal with currently over 1,000 students and above 8000 alumni. Currently, LBEF campus offers UG and PG programmes in IT & Management in academic collaboration with Asia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation, Malaysia. Patan College of Professional Studies (PCPS), a Constituent member of LBEF Group of Institutions, has been established to serve the motive of building better tomorrow by providing internationally recognized degree in Nepal. PCPS is currently running BBA and BSc. Computer Science and Software Engineering program in partnership with University of Bedfordshire, UK (A World ranked UK University). LBEF Group of Institutions proudly announce Mr. Pradeep Khadka, youth icon and leading actor, as a brand ambassador of LBEF Group of Institutions and the embodiment of which means encouraging youths to achieve what they dream of. He is an award-winning Nepali actor, filmmaker and a model based in Kathmandu, Nepal. Moreover, Mr. Pradeep Khakda is an alumnus of LBEF Group of Institutions and he has completed his Bachelor’s and Master’s degree from our institution. He is honored to represent the institutions in all its aspects.

PCPS is also organizing Open House event on 10th August, 2019 at Patan College for Professional Studies where the participants will get to experience musical shows, various games and competitions, Stand-up comedy, Career guidance by professionals and many more. LBEF Campus offers B.Sc. (Hons.) in Information Technology in academic collaboration with Asia Pacific University since 2015. Seeing the current industry demands and job requirements we are pleased to introduce specializations in Network Computing, Cloud Computing, Mobile Technology & Internet of Things (IoT). To enhance the learning experience, LBEF CAMPUS provides access to more than 10 online libraries. To bridge the gap between academia and


industry, LBEF group of institutions has collaborated with Manipal Pro-Learn to offer more than 50 online industry relevant courses. All the students joining the courses at LBEF group of institutions will be able to join these courses at no additional cost. These courses are offered in the field of Big Data using Hadoop, MongoDb etc. Lastly, LBEF Group of Institutions is also pleased to announce the Computer based career assessment test. It is a scientific test of the fingerprint patterns that helps in understanding individual’s potential and personality type. It has been formulated by scientists and medical experts based on understanding from Neuroscience, Genetics, Dermatoglyphics, Psychology and Embryology.



OPEN HOUSE 10th August, 2019


atan College for Professional Studies organized its second Open House festival on Saturday 10th August, 2019. Open House is an annual festival of Patan College where all the students, faculties and participants from other colleges come together to celebrate the event. Open House 2019 was a grand carnival where 1000s of participants

from different parts of Kathmandu visited the event. Main objective of organizing the event was to give the students an opportunity to spend their day in a fun and relaxing environment. The event was packed with amazing live band performances, dance performances, stand-up comedy, beat boxing, B-Boying, game stalls, food stalls, lucky draw and

many more. The major attraction of the event was Mr. Pradeep Khadka, Alumni and Brand Ambassador of LBEF Group of Institutions. During the event, Mr. Pradeep Khadka shared his experience of studying in the college and how the college management had supported him during his starting phase of acting career. Mr. Khadka also announced the winner of Bumper Lucky Draw where winner received the latest VIVO Y17 smartphone. Along with that Mr. Apoorva Kshitiz Singh and Mr. Aayush Shrestha made the audience laugh their heads off with their stand-up comedy. Where the national artists were the limelight, students of PCPS also had an outstanding contribution to make the event a grand success. Musical performances of our students kept it lively for the whole day. Apart from the live performances there was PUBG Tournament, Chrome Dinosaur Tournament, and Student Project Exhibition. Patan College for Professional Studies wants to build a fun learning environment where the students get varied opportunities to showcase their talents and learn beyond their class.

Happy Birthday!! 29th August, 2019


ontinuing with the tradition of celebrating Birthdays of staff members, birthday of Ms. Pratichhya Shrestha was celebrated on Thursday, August 29 2019. We wish her a Very Happy Birthday and happy & Healthy Life in coming years.




TOASTMASTERS CLUB 10th September, 2019

TVS-PCPS Brand Ambassador 19th September, 2019


n event for Initiation of Toastmasters Club was held at Patan College for Professional Studies on 8th September, 2019.The Stakeholders, Faculty members and full time employees of the college attended this session. The event was initiated with the Presentation by the members of BODHI Toastmasters Club and Everest Toastmasters Club. Toastmaster Moon Pradhan explained about the mission of Toastmasters club that will provide a supportive and positive learning experience where members are empowered to develop communication and leadership skills resulting in greater self-confidence and personal growth. Toastmaster Sonali and Toastmaster Chandrayan also shared their journey

of Toastmasters club. They also briefed about the Pathways of Toastmasters Club and encouraged to develop public speaking and leadership skills along with mentoring from senior members .Along with that the Toastmasters Mr.Yogesh Chettri and Mr. Dinesh, objective of charter of a new club will be a learning experience for personal and professional growth,opportunity to develop many skills relevant to an evolving global market placement technological resources to improve speeches and support meeting roles etc. The session ended with the closing remarks by Mr.Prakash Kumar,Executive Director of LBEF Group of Institutions.

Final UG- Project Viva Exam 18th September, 2019

For the final year Top-Up students UG- Project Viva Exam was held on 18 September 2019. The Presentation was conducted by Dr. Eliaz from University of Bedfordshire (U.K).



VS organized an activation programme for College Brand Ambassador at Patan College for Professional Studies. More than 70 students participated in the initial round, from which 25 students were selected for the second round followed; by Interview round. Representatives from the college and TVS took interview and selected 10 finalist out of the 25. The finalist then had a photoshoot which they have to share in social media and generate as much likes as possible. Students with maximum likes in their photo win the College Brand Ambassador title and prize worth Rs.10, 000. The motto of this program is to empower the youth and support on their education via TVS College Brand Ambassador Scholarship Scheme to the winner. TVS College Brand Ambassador Program is a leadership opportunity for students who are dedicated to serve and represent entire college with enthusiasm to positively represent the respective college.



International Conference (ICAETCMT-19) 20th September, 2019

For the overall benefit the academic fraternity of Nepal, LBEF Group of Institutions (1st IT College of Nepal) organized the “1st International Conference on Advances in Engineering, Technology and Contemporary Management Trends (ICAETCMT-19)� on 20th September at Hotel Annapurna

Kathmandu which attracted researchers, academicians and industry experts of Nepal and worldwide to join a collaborative forum for discussions and exchanges of ideas and recent innovations. The 39 conference submissions consisted Conference Proceeding with

ISBN was inaugurated by all the guests which contains research findings of various research papers submitted by participants. Also, Ms. Astha Shrestha, student of B.Sc. (CS&SE) Patan College For Professional Studies presented her paper in the Conference on Agriculture Analytics.

TRAINING SESSION ON CYBER- SECURITY AND CYBER-LAW 24th September, 2019 Training session on Cyber-Security and Cyber-Law was conducted at Patan College for Professional Studies, Nepal. This session was organized by Lord Buddha Education Foundation in association with Nepal Association of Financial Journalists (NAFIJ). Er. Nabinda Aryal, SSP, Cyber Bureau, Nepal Police and Er. Ajaya Kumar Sharma, Dean(Academics), Patan College for Professional Studies, trained the journalists. Er. Pankaj Jalan, Chairman, LBEF group of Institutions welcomed Er. Nabinda Aryal, SSP, Cyber Bureau, Nepal Police & Sri Sitaram Bhattarai, President, NAFIJ. During the program, SSP Aryal spoke about various type of cyber crime and explained about national and international cyber laws. Talking about cyber-law incidents in different countries of the world, he

explained the causes of cyber crime and how to prevent it. Er. Ajaya Kumar Sharma talked about cyber security, Cyber Crime- How can this be prevented? He also talked about the email attack and how to avoid it. How do viruses attack and how to resolve on computers and mobiles? Speaking on the occasion, Er.Prakash


Kumar Kejriwal, Executive Director, LBEF group of Institutions said that such training, in coordination with NAFIJ, would facilitate the use of caution by journalists on issues related to cyber law, cybercrime. President of NAFIJ Sri Sitaram Bhattarai thanked Lord Buddha Education Foundation for conducting training on various aspects of cybersecurity and crime.


Experience Story

Aastha Pandey Student, (Level 5 BSc.)

“Be the Change”, the phrase that changed my entire way of living. So, this summer I went to an exchange to Thailand for 6 weeks as an AIESEC Global Volunteer representing Nepal as an ambassador. AIESEC is world’s largest youth led organization present in 120+ countries where we can have Global Volunteering and Internship opportunities. Sawasdee English Teaching Project 34 – hosted by AIESEC in Assumption University, Thailand – one of the best experiences of my life where I culturally exchanged myself with the Thai natives and taught students English too. I got a new Thai family who were always


there to push me during hard times and make sure I had best local experience during my stay. I earned friends from various countries who are always ready to welcome and host me in their home country. Those relation earnings made me realize that world is your home and every person are your well wisher. I came out of my comfort zone and explored the outer world. Then I got to know that the world has so much to offer, you just need to step out. Thank you PCPS and AIESEC in Kathmandu-South for this wonderful journey.




n Nepal, Dashain is the most important festival even with all the diversity in Culture and Religion this festival is celebrated by people of all the ethnic regions with equal enthusiasm. Dashain is a festival where Goddess Navadurga along with her nine illustrations of goddesses is worshipped as a symbol of power for nine day. Dashain is a ten days long festival with each day having its distinct meaning and rituals. It starts with Ghatasthapana when people all around the Nepal sow seeds of corn and barley in sand for ten days to grow it into green-yellowish sprouts which is called Jamara. On the seventh day, people celebrate it as “Phulpati” and the Eighth day as “Astami” which is the day when animals such as buffaloes, goats, chickens etc are sacrifice to the goddess in different temples of Goddess Durga. Nawami which is the ninth day of the festival when people worship their vehicles, work

equipments etc and scarifies animals to honor it. The Tenth day which is the “Dashami” also regarded as day of Tika is the most important day of this whole festival as in this day the eldest member of every household hold puts Tika (mixture of Rice yoghurt and Vermilion) in their forehead along with Jamara and grace the younger ones with blessing and gifts. This ritual of Tika lasts for about 5 days after Dashami so that the people can go around to relatives for Tika and Blessings. Apart from the religious values Dashain is a long vacation for people when all the offices, schools any other organizations are closed and people get to enjoy the beautiful weather of autumn with their friends and family. Those who are far from home for work or education mostly return to their home for this festival which makes it much more special for people as this festival is a reason for their loved ones to get back to them.

Dashain is a reason for people to get new things; it is a tradition for people to buy new things for their families and themselves which are mostly clothes and other accessories but people can go as far as buying vehicles. Gambling and Linge ping (swing made of bamboo and Rope) are the most popular festival activities, where gambling is an unspoken tradition and the linge ping has religious values to it. (The Kathmandu Post, 3rd October,2019 ) Dashain starts with the beautiful fragrance of incense and peaceful melody of Mangal Dhun which binds the people together with their belief in power of goddess. It spreads happiness among the people as they take a break from their hustling life and spend time of joy, blessing with their friends and family that is why Dashain is the biggest and the most important festival for the people of Nepal.

Congratulations! 1.


Mr. Saurav Satyal is a PhD scholar in Sustainable Management from the Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai Thailand. Currently he is researching on consumer analysis and buying behavior towards plug in Electric consumer analysis and buying behavior towards plug in evs vehicles in Nepal.


Dr. Swati Sah has completed an online course on Data Science authoriesd by IBM and offered through coursera on 24/09/2019.




hite box testing also refer clear, structured testing deals with programs and coding. This is the testing of the source code of the application for the syntax logics which will be done by the tester and developer. In this testing method the internal structure or implementation of the program will be tested by the tester. The main objective of white box testing is to verify the working flow of an application by testing a series of predefined inputs against expected output. Here testing is performed with seeing the internal system code. Why we need to perform white box testing? White box testing is performed to ensure that all the independent paths within the software program have been tested at least once, all the logical decisions should be verified with their values and all the loops are executed at their boundaries. By performing white box testing we can discovers various types of bugs related to logical faults, design faults and syntax faults. White box testing is done at low level design and implementable code. It can be applied at all levels of system development especially Unit, system and integration testing. White box testing can be used for other development artifacts like requirements analysis, designing and test cases (Nidhra, 2012).

Testing Strategies: There various white box testing strategies are • Unit Testing: Unit testing is the testing of the smallest testable part of the software to ensure that the code is working as intended. This testing comes at the very basic level as a particular functionality is built. • Static and Dynamic Analysis: Testing of the software without executing the program is termed as static analysis. Static analysis involves going through the code in order to find out any possible defect in the code (Ghahrai, 2018). Where white box tester will analyze the written code one by one and find the errors if it have. In dynamic analysis the tester will run the code and at the time of execution they will find the error. • Statement Coverage: In this white box testing strategy tester will check each and every line of the program to find whether they get executed at least once in the source code. The main motive of doing this is to remove unused and unwanted code. • Branch Coverage: This testing strategy is deals with branch of code used in program. It covers testing of all the possible outcomes of each condition of decision point at least once. This testing is done to ensure that every branch of each decision


point must be executed. Security Testing: Security testing is done to find out how well the system can protect itself from unauthorized access, any code damage, hacking which deals with the code of application. Mutation Testing: Whenever developer change or update anything in the code, mutation testing is done to check whether that change affect other parts of the program or not. This involves testing of the whole modules after that change.

Testing Techniques: • Dataflow Analysis: Data flow analysis is used to analyze the flow of data in the program. This testing technique is focused on data variables and their values. The main goal of this testing is to find out coding errors and mistakes which may results in to improper implementation. • Abuse Cases Testing: Abuse Case in white box testing refers to without given access to the application if someone is trying to access the details of that application. We can try those cases by checking whether the application is accessible by other or not. Here tester will test the difficulty level of the program code by using hacking and cracking tools

Faculty Articles

or methods to the application Code based fault injection: In this testing the tester will check, whether the software application accepts new modification or not. This testing will be done by changing the code multiple times and testing each build. Code coverage analysis: This is the process of finding areas of a program which are not handled by test case. With this test we can measure how many lines of code are executed to perform the given operation. This type of testing is done to find number of statements, decisions, conditions, branches and paths used in the given program. This is also used to find function coverage, call coverage, linear code sequence and jump


coverage, dataflow coverage, object code branch coverage, loop coverage, race coverage etc. Code coverage for an operation can be calculate as: Code Coverage = Where, coverage items refer as numbers of statements, decisions outcomes, conditions, paths and branches. Consider an example: Read A, B IF A>B Print “A is Larger” Else Print “B is Larger” End if Set: If Value of A= 10, B=15 Here numbers of statement executed are: 6 Total Number of statements in source code: 7

Statement Coverage = 6/7*100= 85.20% References: Nidhra, S. 2012. Black Box and White Box Testing Techniques - A Literature Review. International Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications. [Online]. 02(2), 2950. [30 September 2019]. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/ publication/276198111_Black_Box_ and_White_Box_Testing_Techniques__A_Literature_Review Ghahrai. 2018. White-boxtesting. [Online]. [30 September 2019]. Available from: https://www. test ingexcel lence.com/w hite-b oxtesting Beizer (1990). Software Testing Techniques. (2nd ed.). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.



Editorial Board Chief Patron Mr. P. Kejriwal


Er. Pankaj Jalan

Advisory Board Er. Prakash Kumar Dr. Sandeep Kautish Er. Ajaya Sharma

Editor- in- Chief Dr. Swati Sah


Mr. Saurav Satyal

Special Thanks To Ms. Sarita Pundir

Publication Committee Mr. Jasbir Singh Makkar Suman Gautam, B.Sc Level 5

Creative Team

Ms. Ashmin Maharjan

Patan College for Professional Studies, Nepal Behind Kandevatasthan, Kupondole, Lalitpur Tel: 01-5181033/ 5181198 Web: www.patancollege.edu.np