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Você sabe a diferença entre os números cardinais e ordinais em inglês? Os números cardinais demonstram uma numeração, enquanto que os ordinais, como seu próprio nome diz, nos dizem uma ordem a ser seguida CARDINAIS

Para a formação dos números ordinais, basta acrescentar a terminação tha os números que vão de 4 a 0; Somente os números com finais 1,2 e 3 é que são diferentes. No entanto, tome cuidado pois alguns números mudam a grafia: Exemplos twenty – twelfth nine – ninth

Seguem algumas dicas para a formação:

veja a tabela abaixo:

* As dezenas são sempre terminadas em ty: Exemplos: 20 - twenty, 30 - thirty, 40 - forty, 50 - fifty, etc.

* As centenas são escritas da forma "uma centena" e não "cem", como no português, acrescentando hundred: Exemplos: 100 - One hundred, 200 - Two hundred, etc.

* Para a formação dos milhares, segue-se a regra da dezena, apenas trocando "hundred" por "thousand": Exemplos: 1000 = One thousand, 2000 = Two thousand, etc * Os milhões funcionam da mesma maneira, só trocando por "million": Exemplos: 1,000,000 = One million, 2,000,000 = two million, etc Notas: 1.Diferentemente da língua portuguesa, o divisor de milhar é uma vírgula (,) e não o ponto. Exemplos: 1,730,014 - One million seven hundred thirty thousand and fourteen 2.Para hundred, thousand e million, billion use sempreaouoneantes. Exemplos: 100 - a hundred / one hundred 1,000 - a thousand / one Thousand 201,000 - two hundred and one Thousand 3.Separação do cardinal entre a centena e dezena: São geralmente separados pela preposiçãoand, mas esta regra não é necessariamente seguida no inglês americano. Exemplos: 110 - one hundred and ten 1,250 - one thousand, two hundred and fifty 2,001 - two thousand and one 4. São escritos Exemplos: two hundred Euros several thousand light years




O plural é usado somente para hundred, thousand, million, billion se não estiver modificado por outro número ou outra expressão: Exemplos: hundreds of Euros thousands of light years



Até o número 20, os números têm denominação própria. A partir do número 20, a parte da dezena é representada pela dezena em número cardinal e a parte da unidade representada pelo número ordinal de 1 a 9 Exemplo: 66th sixty-sixth (sixty = 60, sixth = 6º).


EXERCÍCIOS DE SALA ANOTAÇÕES Em várias frases da história de hoje encontramos expressões que indicam tempo. Na aula de hoje, veremos como falar as horas em inglês.

a)Dez horas. b)Dez e quinze. c)Dez e meia. d)Dez e quarenta.

Muito bem! Agora veremos como dizemos essas horas em inglês: a)Ten o‘clock. b)Ten fifteen. c)Ten thirty. d)Ten forty. Para lermos as horas em inglês, precisamos saber os números: Sabendo os números fica fácil. Lemos a parte antes dos dois pontos e, a seguir, a parte que vem depois. Por exemplo: ten thirty-five 10 - ten 11 - eleven 12 - twelve 13 - thirteen 14 - fourteen 15 - fifteen 16 - sixteen 17 - seventeen 18 – 19 – 20 – 21 – 22 – 23 – 24 –





AULA 02: TEXT COMPREHENSION TEXT 1 Every generation thinks the weather isn't what it used to be. Maybe the climate is really changing. The last seasons have brought a winter or a summer that belongs to the record books. There has been record snow in Japan, record heat in Argentina, record cold in Scotland. For some, the weather is pure joy, providing a midwinter sunbath or a once-in-a-lifetime glimpse of snow. For others, the extremes of global climate are annoying, expensive or tragic. A growing body of scientific evidence suggests that weird weather is a result of global warming, itself a consequence of air pollution. If so, global warming has a lot to answer for disasters like the drought that has parched northeastern Brazil and the rain now lashing the south of the same country. (Newsweek, January 22, 1996.) 01. The appropriate title for the text is: a) Record Books b) A Midwinter Sunbath c) Weird Weather d) Pure Joy e) Glimpse of Snow

06. The table above shows______________________ I. information about a sophisticated club in the countryside. II. the facilities of a hotel in a marvelous beach in Venice. III. a sunny place where people may spend their holidays. The correct answer is only: a) I b) II c) III d) I and II e) I and III TEXT 2 A doctor, an engineer and a lawyer were arguing over whose profession was the oldest. ―On the sixth day, God took one of Adam's ribs and created Eve,‖ said the doctor. ―So that makes him a surgeon first.‖ ―Please,‖ said the engineer. ―Before that, God created the world from chaos and confusion, so he was first an engineer.‖ ―Interesting,‖ said the lawyer smugly, ―but who do you think created the chaos and confusion?‖ (Reader’s Digest, August 1998.)

02. Read the following statements: I. At present people observe strange phenomena are happening in nature. II. Scientific studies prove that the climate has always been unchangeable. III. Global warming may cause catastrophes.

07. Based on the text, the oldest professional was the __________________ a) doctor who operated Adam‘s ribs. b) lawyer that solved the problems Eve created. c) engineer that had already constructed the world. d) lawyer who originated the chaos. e) engineer that created the earth. 08. Number each profession according to its correspondent labor: ( ) Medicine ( 1 ) advising and representing people in court. ( ) Engineering ( 2 ) planning and making buildings. ( ) Law ( 3 ) studying human behavior in groups. ( 4 ) treating and understanding disease.

According to the text, the correct answer is only: a) I b) II c) III d) I and II e) I and III 03. The text says that the extremes of global climate_____________ a) are always harmful. b) never raise economic problems. c) may be delightful. d) provoke disasters everywhere except in Brazil. e) only bring unhappiness to all generations. 04. According to the text, the pair of words with equivalent meaning is: a) every - some b) maybe - for c) seasons - extremes d) growing - warming e) result - consequence

The right order is: a) 1, 3, 4 d) 4, 2, 1

b) 2, 1, 3 e) 4, 1, 3

c) 3, 2, 4

09. Complete the following sequence: first / ____ / ____ / ____ / ____ / sixth. a) two / three / four / five b) twice / third / fourth / fifth c) second / three times / four times / five times d) twice / three times / four times / five times e) second / third / fourth / fifth

05. The table on the right is: a) an advertisement b) a menu c) a recipe d) a prescription e) a roll





14. Look at the table: NOUNS – ADJECTIVES - VERBS - ADVERBS I. mysteries – inscrutable- glimpsed uncomprehendingly II. endless – vastness – understanding - unraveled III. children – biochemistry – given - staring IV. predicament – planetary – shown - fundamentally The correct items are only: a) I and II b) I and IV c) II and III d) II and IV e) III and IV Look at the illustrations below:

10. This picture shows the edge where________ a) TV serials deny angels‘ existence. b) people do not believe in heaven. c) fantasy meets technology. d) women ignore small screens. e) science keeps imagination away. (Newsweek, July 13, 1998.)

TEXT 3 We humans have probed the heart of the atom, unraveled the mysteries of DNA, glimpsed the edges of space and time. Yet when it comes to understanding life's place in the universe, we are mere children, standing on a beach, staring uncomprehendingly at a vast, inscrutable ocean. Our predicament is not that we know nothing about life; it is rather that nothing we know can be compared with anything anywhere else. All the creatures of the earth — from worms to whales — are fundamentally cousins, linked by the same biochemistry, sharing the same planetary home. But is the earth's biosphere the only one there is? So far none of the other planets or moons in our solar system has been shown to harbor life. However given the vastness of the universe, the possibilities are endless.

(Newsweek, July 28 & August 18, 1997.)

15. Analysing both of them one may conclude that ______________________ a) there is no relationship between them. b) the way that leads to peace is hard to follow. c) all bridges towards peace have disappeared. d) war is something impossible to happen. e) a powerful system separates war from peace. Gabarito: 14. b 15. b

(The Sciences, July/August,1998.)

11. The text says we humans _____________________ a) have found out everything about the universe. b) just believe in the possibilities of life during our childhood. c) are not aware of anything concerning space and time. d) have unveiled many mysteries but are not sure about life in other planets. e) are the most important creatures on earth. 12. Read the following sentences: I. We humans have probed the heart of the atom, __________? II. All the creatures of the earth are fundamentally cousins, _________? Fill in the gaps with the correct sequence: a) haven‘t we – aren‘t they b) we don't – they aren‘t c) did we – are they d) we haven‘t – they aren‘t e) have we – are they 13. In the text, the words in italics suggest the idea of: a) contrast b) time c) consequence d) condition e) sequence




AULA 03: ALSO, TOO, EITHER, NEITHER Existem várias maneiras de se dizer ―TAMBÉM‖ e nós vamos ver a diferença de uso entre as principais delas e expressões decorrentes destas mesmas palavras. • A começar por ALSO, que significa ―TAMBÉM‖ e deve ser usado antes dos verbos principais e depois dos verbos auxiliares. Quando usado em tempos compostos (contínuos, perfeitos, etc.), estes detalhes são de extrema importância. É usado em frases afirmativas. (John is a very good Singer. Mary also sings very well.). • TOO significa ―TAMBÉM‖ também e deve ser, com este sentido, usado ao final de frases afirmativas e interrogativas/afirmativas. Não confundir com o TOO usado no meio da frase (antes de advérbios e adjetivos) e que significa ―demais‖, ―em demasia‖ e pode der usado também em frases negativas. (Kate is 92 years old. Cathy is 92 years too. They too old to get married). Há duas expressões que vêm de EITHER e NEITHER e que são comumente usados em inglês e, por isso, é muito importante que passemos uma vistinha nelas EITHER tem o significado de ―TAMBÉM‖, sendo apenas usado em frases negativas e no final das frases (we didn‘t watch that movie and they didn‘t watch it either). Não confundir com EITHER no sentido de qualquer um(a) (de dois) ou nenhum(a) (de dois)(em frases negativas) sempre dando sentido de escolha (You will find two English books in my bedroom. You can take either of them). • NEITHER vem de EITHER no sentido de algum, só que na negativa (nenhum). (neither of them was intelligent). • EITHER ... OR ... significa ―OU... OU...‖ em frases afirmativas e ―NEM ... NEM...‖ em frases negativas. Não esquecer que em inglês não pode haver duas negativas numa mesma oração. O sentido é sempre de escolha entre dois. (Either Phill or Paul studied in Germany). • NEITHER ... NOR ... significa ―NEM ... NEM‖ em frases com estrutura afirmativa mas com sentido negativa. (Neither Phill nor Paul studied in Germany)

01. The text presents a) a debate on leaders‘ methodology. b) a viewpoint on youth‘s career paths. c) a discussion about modern poetry. d) an interview for a profitable job. e) an invitation for a TV program. 02. The objective of the text is a) to improve experts‘ suggestions on career choices. b) to make young people interact with the TV world. c) to announce business leaders‘ visits to the campus. d) to discuss new methods for business community. e) to train young people to choose their future careers 03. In the sentence ―[...] as well as on television or in movies.‖ (lines 1-2), the expression as well as introduces the idea of a) consequence. b) condition. c) purpose. d) contrast. e) addition. 04. According to the first paragraph, it is correct to say that a) relatives influence their children‘s career less than friends or parents. b) young students think their parents need help in their career choice. c) parents impose what television programs their children should see. d) people and the media influence young people in their career choices. e) young people dislike preparing themselves for the jobs of tomorrow. 05. The appropriate title for the text is: a) How to Help Young People Choose the Right Career b) How to Grow up an Expert on Business Community c) How to Guide Children to Read Poetry and Art d) How to Motivate Young People to Become Good Neighbors e) How to Discredit Career Analyze the cartoon and answer questions 06 to 07 according to it. 06. Identify the statements which represent Henry‘s reaction to his friend‘s words:

Read Text I and answer questions 01 to 05, according to it. TEXT I Young people are influenced by what they see around them – family, friends, and neighbors – as well as on television or in movies. While they may think they know what career they want to pursue when they grow up, much of what they know comes from misconceptions of what they see or is influenced by what their parents or relatives do. That is why experts suggest that children need to become aware of themselves and the world around them in order to fully understand and digest information about their individual interests and what exists beyond just their immediate world. This means working with young people to explore their likes and dislikes, expand their understanding of the world at large, and enhance their knowledge of how business works. This can be accomplished through discussions, question and answer exercises, reading, research, interaction with the business community and any method that allows a young student to discover new ideas. The whole idea is to provide young people with the broadest opportunity to learn and grow: whether that means reading about technology and science or poetry and art, or whether that means visiting businesses or having business leaders come to campus. The only way to gain the full measure of what is ahead of them and the career options that are available is to build good learning habits when they are young. That is the best way to prepare the youth of today for the jobs of tomorrow.

I. He looks nervous. II. He sounds competitive. III. He becomes upset. IV. He seems miserable. V. He gets concerned 07. Consider the cartoon and choose the correct statements: I. Henry is as interested as his friend in the jobs of tomorrow. II. Henry is more interested in using the computer than his friend. III. Henry‘s friend is less interested in developing his instincts. IV. Henry is far more interested in eating as much food as possible. V. Henry‘s friend is most interested in enhancing his knowledge

Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 14 set. 2009. (Adaptado






Questões: 07. They may come with us, __________. 01. Passe para o inglês: a) also b) too c) either d) "a" e "b" são corretas e) neither

a) Eles fazem Matemática, também. (2 formas) b) Os dois lutadores se insultaram.

02. You may answer __________ this __________ that letter. 08. ___________should learn how to drive a car.

a) either / or b) neither / nor c) either / nor d) neither / or e) ―a‖ e ―b‖ corretas

a) Everybody b) Every c) Everything d) Also e) Too

03. __________ of our promises is false. 09. We believe that ____________ they need now is some peace of mind.

a) Each b) All c) Every d) Either or e) ―a‖ e ―b‖ corretas

a) everybody b) every c) also d) each e) all

04. She ____________ makes mistakes. a) also b) too c) all d) each e) either

10. The two parrots looked at ______________. a) each b) every c) either d) each other e) every other

05. ____________ of them is nervous. a) all b) each c) every d) Everybody e) Also

Resolução: 01. a) They take Math, too. They also take Math. b) The two fighters insulted each other.

06. ______ you ______ I am disturbing them. 02. E 06. A 10. D

a) Neither / nor b) Neither / or c) Or / or d) Either / or e) Either / either



03. A 07. B

04. A 08. A

05. B 09. E


AULA 04: INTERPRETAÇÃO TEXTUAL TEXT 1 Angels are part of the religious tradition of Jews, Muslims and Christians. The word angel appears nearly 300 times in the Bible, from the Cherubim who guards Eden to the angel who attests to the Apocalypse. But it was not until the Middle Ages that scholars listed most of our beliefs about angels. According to Saint Augustine, every visible thing in this world is under the charge of an angel that, as Thomas Aquinas states, is pure intellect, neither male nor female. (Adapted from LIFE, December, 1995)

01. Read these sentences:

04. Read the sentences: _________ are angels made of? _________ big are they? _________ is their purpose? _________ are they? The CORRECT sequence that completes the questions are: a) What / Which / Where / How much b) When / What / What / Where c) Whose / How / Which / Who d) What / How / What / How many e) How / How / Whose / What 05. Read this sentence:

I - Only religious people believe in angels. II - There has always been a written list of beliefs about angels. III - Angels appear not only in the Bible, but also in the culture of Jews and Muslims. IV - There hasn‘t been much interest in angels before the Middle Ages.

Angels make you feel good. The SIMPLE PAST TENSE and the FUTURE of this sentence are respectively: a) Angels had made you feel good. / Angels will make you feel good. b) Angels made you feel good. / Angels will make you feel good. c) Angels made you feel good. / Angels would make you feel good. d) Angels were making you feel good. / Angels would make you feel good. e) Angels have made you feel good. / Angels will make you feel good.

According to the text, the CORRECT statem ents are only: a) I and II b) II, III and IV c) II and IV d) I, II and III e) III and IV


02. The text says: a) All the angels are visible creatures. b) Angels are both male and female. c) There are angels that protect men and others that protect women. d) In Saint Augustine‘s opinion, everybody has a guardian angel. e) Angels are pure sex and intellect.

Brazilian cooking is exuberant and varied, reflecting the history and geography of this big country. In the northeast, there is an exciting mixture of the food of the Guarani Indians, the colonizing Portuguese and African slaves. The ―Moqueca de Camarão‖, for example, shows the influences of the local indians and of the Africans who were brought in by the Portuguese to work on the sugar plantations. The easiest method of cooking this dish is described below: - Press the garlic with the salt and add to the shrimp. Heat the oil in a frying pan and add the onion, tomatoes, coriander, pepper, and lemon juice and cook for 5 minutes. Add the coconut milk and cook again for 5 minutes. Serve with rice. (Adapted from ORTIZ, Elisabeth Lambert, A Little Brazilian Cookbook. San Francisco, Chronicle Books, 1992).

06. Based on the text, the northeastern food was_____________________ a) not influenced by the indians. b) just a result of the Portuguese colonization. c) a combination of various cultures. d) exclusively imported from Africa. e) brought only by the slaves. “ He persuade me to let American companies manufacture our wings and halos…”

07. The second paragraph of the text is: a) an invitation b) a prescription c) a recipe d) a letter e) an advertisement

03. This charge shows that the world is becoming too a) commercial b) faithful c) religious d) angelical e) communicative

08 In the text, the verbs in italics show: a) a purely hypothetical situation. b) that the author is giving some advice. c) the narrator is expressing a deep emotion. d) a sequence of instructions. e) a large number of strict conditions.





a) The Portuguese brought in the Africans. b) The Portuguese had brought in the Africans. c) The Portuguese were brought in by the Africans. d) The Africans had brought in the Portuguese. e) The Africans bring in the Portuguese.

Brazilian cinema had to wait until the late ‗60s for women to begin to gain their own space. The first short film by Ana Carolina dates from 1968. Tizuka Yamasaki would make her name with ―Gaijin‖(1979), by exploring the problems of Japanese immigrants in Brazil, but her fame would be consolidated with a movie on feminism, ―Parahyba Mulher Macho‖, exhibited in 1982. After a period of stagnation in the early ‗90s, Brazilian cinema has been reinvigorated by the portrait of a woman: ―Carlota Joaquina‖ (1994), the feature – length debut of director –actress Carla Camurati, who composed a penetrating satire of the legendary wife of D. João VI. Thanks to these directors , our movie-making women came out of the beauty salon and into the world.

10. Look at the table:

12. The main idea about the text is:

9). Read this sentence: The Africans were brought in by the Portuguese. The ACTIVE VOICE is:

Simple form I – exuberant II III – exciting IV – easier

Comparative of Superiority more exuberant big – bigger the most exciting easy

a) Japanese cinema under the women‘s point of view. b) The important role of the Brazilian women filmmakers. c) Feminine intellectuals and the international cinema‘s evolution. d) The financial suicide of Brazilian feature -length directors. e) The brilliance of contemporary short films.

Superlative the most exuberant the biggest more exciting

13. Match the subject with its correspondent film, according to the text: ( 1 ) An acute satire ( ) ―Gaijin‖ ( 2 ) Facts about immigration ( ) ―Parahyba Mulher Macho‖ ( 3 ) Brazilian women directors ( ) ―Carlota Joaquina‖ ( 4 ) A plot based on feminism

the easiest

The CORRECT items are only:

The right order is

a) I and IV b) I and II c) II and III d) II and IV e) III and IV

a) 1, 2, 3 b) 1, 3, 4 c) 2, 4, 1 d) 3, 4, 2 e) 4, 2, 1

cartoon: (I)


14. The words until, but and and suggest respectively: a) time, contrast, addition b) result, concession, conclusion c) result, consequence, conclusion d) time, condition, addition e) reason, purpose, alternative 15. Read these words underlined in the text: I - exploring, consolidated, exhibited II - Brazilian, penetrating, legendary III - stagnation, directors, beauty


The sequence that contains only NOUNS is: a) I b) II c) III d) All of them e) None of them

(IV) (From FORUM, April, 1994)

11. The pictures of this story are out of order: The CORRECT sequence is: a) I, IV, II, III b) III, II, I, IV c) IV, III, II, I d) I, II, III, IV e) IV, I, III, II


GABARITO: 12. B 13. C


14. A 15. C


AULA 05 : INTERPRETAÇÃO TEXTUAL TEXT 2 TEXT 1 If artificial intelligence says that the mind is a kind of machine, then the mind of the artists is a machine that produces art. The computer is fast becoming the theater, the canvas, the page, the brush, the pen, the piano, the instrument of all art forms. Art is being sent to cyberia. Digitization, say technicians, is democratization. Computer programs like AARON will enable the eletronic Everyman to produce works of visual art.

The problems in our fast-changing world require a new paradigm of social policy, transcending all ―identity politics‖ ¾ women, blacks, gays, the disabled. Pursuing the separate interests of women isn‘t adequate. Instead, there has to be some new vision of community. We need to campaign ¾ men and women, whites and blacks ¾ for a shorter workweek, a higher minimum wage, an end to the war against social-welfare programs. ―Women‘s issues‖ are symptoms of problems that affect everyone.

(Adapted from NEWSWEEK, February, 27, 1995)

(Adapted from Betty Friedan’s article in NEWSWEEK, September, 4,1995)

01. The best title for the text is:

06. The text says that we should ________________


a) overcome a narrow view by fighting for human being‘s social problems in general. b) be worried just about the social minorities. c) pursue nothing, except a higher minimum wage. d) maintain only women‘s gains concerning equal rights. e) work for women‘s interests as a separate matter.

02. Read these statements: I. Nowadays all forms of art are computerized. II. It is possible to produce art through eletronic machines. III. The computer can be a democratic instrument for creativity. IV. Democratization is only achieved through artificial intelligence. According to the text, the correct ones are: a) all of them. b) only I and IV. c) none of them. d) only II and III. e) only II and IV.

07. Based on the text, ―women‘s issues‖ are symptoms of problems that: a) concern only their fight for equality. b) can be a matter of political campaigns. c) should be viewed as a subject of racism. d) are never related to economic insecurity. e) none of them. 08. No texto, os pronomes indefinidos all e some referem-se, respectivamente, a:

03. O plural das palavras ¾ canvas, page, brush, pen, piano ¾ é: a) canvases, pages, brushes, pens, pianos. b) canvas, pages, brushies, pens, pianoes. c) canvasies, pagies, brushoes, pennies, pianoes. d) canvases, pages, brushoes, pen, piano. e) canvas, pages, brushes, pens, pianos.

a) social policy - new vision. b) social policy - community. c) identity politics - new vision. d) women - men and women. e) identity politics - community. 09. Na frase: ―Sexual politics can‘t solve the problem and may even exacerbate it.‖ existe, na seqüência, uma:

04. A forma genitiva do fragmento ¾ the mind of the artists ¾ é a seguinte: a) the mind‘s artists b) the mind artists‘s c) the artists‘s mind d) the mind artists‘ e) the artists‘ mind

a) inability - permission. b) impossibility - probability. c) incapacity - advice. d) prohibition - capacity. e) condition - necessity.

05. A frase: ―The book written by Lanham is ________________ for the interactive use of computers‖, será completada com: a) more important guide b) the more important guide c) the most important guide d) the guide most important e) the guide more important






14. Numerando-se adequadamente a segunda coluna, completa-se a frase iniciada na primeira:


( 1 ) He told ( ) that the E.U.A. is putting on weight. ( 2 ) It is said ( ) by their grandmother. ( 3 ) A fairy tale was told ( ) her that his problem was genetic. ( 4 ) Peter says: A sequência correta é: a) 3, 4, 1 b) 1, 2, 3 c) 2, 3, 4 d) 2, 3, 1 e) 2, 4, 1

(NEWSWEEK, September, 11, 1995)

10. This picture about the conference in China shows ____________ women. a) disabled b) unemployed c) oppressed d) unpunished e) powerful

15. As lacunas abaixo: I. People avoid calories, _____________ ? II. You will not go on a diet, _____________ ? III. Fatness is dangerous, _____________ ? são preenchidas, respectivamente, por:

TEXT 3 A research project in Philadelphia is close to establishing a definite connection between genetics, metabolism and weight gain. If the project‘s findings are proved right, then fat people will no longer have to spend their lives being criticised for eating too much or not getting enough exercise. Instead, the world will have to accept that some people have a greater tendency to put on weight than others. However, nobody can deny that the more you eat, the fatter you become. The reverse is also true, as it is demonstrated so horribly when we see children from Ethiopia and Somalia.

a) don‘t they / will you / isn‘t he b) don‘t they / won‘t you / isn‘t he c) doesn‘t he / won‘t you / isn‘t it d) does he / will you / is it e) don‘t they / will you / isn‘t it GABARITO: 14. D 15. E

(Adapted from SPEAK UP, nº 103, October, 1995)

11. According to the text, a research states that: a) people from Ethiopia and Somalia are gaining weight. b) there is an increasing number of fit people all over the world. c) the Americans should be criticised for eating too much. d) most exercises are harmful to health. e) Nowadays fatness can‘t be treated as an isolated problem. 12. The main information about the first and second paragraphs are respectively: a) a survey about weight gain / tendency for fatness. b) eating without exercise / truth about children. c) diet and performance / acceptance of fatness. d) genetics, metabolism and weight gain / negation of the body. e) fatness in Philadelphia / eating and putting on weight. 13. No texto, as expressões em negrito instead e however podem ser substituídas, respectivamente, por: a) in the same way / also. b) on the other hand / thus. c) on the contrary / but. d) for that reason / yet. e) in conclusion / though.




AULA 06:



The Mexican crisis has been shaking the foreign investors‘ reliance on emerging markets, especially the Latin American. Brazilian answer to the new international situation brought up by the Mexican crisis is already being established by the Economic Team. Frightened, these economists have chosen the recessive adjustment. In fact, recession is an old phenomenon of the Brazilian economy. The problem is that Brazilian history shows that recession causes inflation. In addition to this, it may also lead the country into a superinflation, like the one that was present in the last year of the past decade.

If a travel companion seems to have stopped breathing because of a heart attack, a stroke, or drowning, act immediately. First of all, lay the patient on a hard level surface and ask somebody to call for professional medical help. Then, kneel beside the patient and blow twice into the patient‘s mouth. Finally, check the side of the patient‘s neck for a pulse. If there is none, begin administering cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a simple combination of chest compression and mouth-to-mouth breathing. (Adapted from TRAVEL, February, 1995)

(Adapted from BRAZIL OUTLOOK, March, 1995)

06. The CORRECT sentence about the text is: a) Brazil is the only country that is not included in the group of the emerging markets. b) The Economic Team is self-confident about the Brazilian economy. c) Brazilian economy was affected by the Mexican crisis. d) Recession never occured in Brazilian economy. e) Recession can‘t bring superinflation.

01. Which is the best title for the text? a) A TRAVEL COMPANION b)LIFE-SAVING PROCEDURES c)PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL HELP d) MEDICAL SUPPLY KITS e) PREVENTIVE CARE 02. According to the text, when somebody seems to have stopped breathing ________________ a) only professionals can help the patient. b) everybody is able to act without asking for medical help. c) the patient may be placed on a comfortable chair. d) a cardiopulmonary resuscitation must be started immediately. e) a mouth-to-mouth breathing must be tried.

07. Number the topics according to the order they appear in the text: ( ) Recession - an ancient Brazilian reality ( ) The consequences of a country‘s problems on emerging markets ( ) The measures taken by the Economic Team The correct sequence is: a) 3 - 1 - 2 b) 2 - 1 - 3 c) 1 - 2 - 3 d) 3 - 2 - 1 e) 2 - 3 – 1

03. Based on the text, the expressions first of all / then / finally suggest: a) addition b) sequence c) emphasis d) contrast e) conclusion

08. Das formas verbais abaixo a que se encontra na voz passiva é:

04. As formas verbais act - lay - ask - kneel - blow - check - begin indicam, no texto, uma: a) condição b) ordem c) hipótese d) dúvida e) possibilidade

a) has been shaking b) have chosen c) may lead d) is being established e) shows 09. As expressões em negrito These - an old phenomenon - the one referem-se, respectivamente, a: a) the Economic Team - recession - the past decade. b) the Mexican crisis - the Brazilian economy - the country. c) economists - the problem - superinflation. d) economists - recession - superinflation. e) the Economic Team - recession - the last year.

05. As expressões sublinhadas no texto podem ser substituídas, respectivamente, por: a) he / he / his / his / they. b) he / him / her / her / they. c) him / him / his / his / it. d) her / her / his / his / it. e) him / he / his / his / it.

10. As lacunas da frase abaixo: ―The problem that happened ______ 1995 is a result ______ the Mexican crisis and the economists will try ______ solve it ______ introducing recession.‖, são preenchidas na seguinte seqüência: a) in / of / to / by b) on / at / for / from c) on / after / from / from d) in / from / to / at e) at / from / to / by




EXERCÍCIOS DE SALA / CASA ANOTAÇÕES TEXT 3 British cosmologist Stephen Hawking ended his 1988 book ―A Brief History of Time‖ with the hope that through science, we may one day know the mind of God. Among researchers as well as laypeople, discoveries in physics, biology and astronomy are inspiring a sense of cosmic piety, of serene holism and even a moral code, in which several scientists are saying we can integrate science into an existing religion, a personal philosophy of life, or New Age beliefs. To offer meaning and purpose, any creation theory must first evoke wonder and reverence, which underlie a sense of the sacred. (Adapted from NEWSWEEK, November, 1994)

11. The MAIN information about the text is: a) British cosmologist Stephen Hawking ended his 1988 book. b) There have been many scientific discoveries. c) We must develop a personal philosophy of life. d) Several scientists state that we can integrate science into an existing religion. e) There are many important researches in physics, biology and astronomy. 12. Read these statements: I. Stephen Hawking discovered the mind of God. II. It is impossible for any creation theory to evoke a sense of the sacred. III. In the last century, scientists searched the relationship between science and religion. IV. Scientific discoveries contradict religion. According to the text, the correct ones are: a) only I and II. b) only II and III. c) none of them. d) only II and IV. e) all of them.

13. O plural do fragmento an existing religion é: a) a existing religions. b) existing religions. c) an existing religions. d) the existings religions. e) existings religions. 14. As lacunas da frase ―For _______ cosmologists _______ discoveries are _______ important.‖, são preenchidas, respectivamente, por: a) few / this / little b) many / that / much c) many / these / very d) few / these/ many e) much / those/ very 15. A lacuna da frase ―If Copernicus returned to life, ____________ used to the new discoveries?‖, é completada por: a) he would ever be b) would he ever be c) was he ever d) will he ever be e) he will be ever





Poems for the People - Poems by the People We all build up a fantasy of what the perfect person should be. As time goes on we realize that we live in a fantasy. Some are luckier than others to at least get a glimpse of their fantasy. I've been fortunate to get that glimpse. Fantasy by Virgo All my life I had built up a fantasy of the perfect man. Countless romance stories and fables helped make that fantasy a reality in my mind. Searching for that fantasy leads to many disappointments. Reality made it clear that there was no such man. And as the years went by, the fantasy started to fade away - until I met you. I had almost given up on the fantasy until my fantasy became reality, that reality became you.

Visitor Comments It is so true, In my point of view too!

Patrick I loved this poem. It tells that we all have a fantasy waiting to come true.

sweetness This is such a good poem! It deeply touched me.

Bernie I love this poem. It explains exactly how I feel about my husband. I thought I would never find that special him, until He found Me.

Maria oh how I wish I could say the same. but I will remember this poem, that's for sure.


There are 46 Additional Visitor Comments (click to read them) Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 21 jun. 2010. (Texto adaptado.)

01. Considering the characteristics of the whole text, it is correct say that it is from a) a teen fashion magazine. b) a fantastic modern tale. c) a romantic short story. d) an interactive virtual site. e) a formal business e-mail. 02. It is correct to say that the message in Virgo‘s poem is: a) Fantasy may become reality. b) Fantasies need be perfect. c) Ideal men have to be real. d) Disappointment might cause fantasy. e) Dreams must come true




03. According to the story in the poem, it is correct to say: a) Virgo gave up dreaming about the perfect man. b) Virgo disappointed the perfect man. c) Virgo has already found the perfect man. d) Virgo stopped to look at the perfect man. e) Virgo designed a fantasy for the perfect man.


04. The verses 3 and 4 ―Countless romance stories and fables / helped make that fantasy a reality in my mind.‖ mean that a) just a few stories and fables helped with Virgo‘s fantasy. b) only some stories and fables helped with Virgo‘s fantasy. c) hardly any stories and fables helped with Virgo‘s fantasy. d) all of the stories and fables helped with Virgo‘s fantasy. e) too many stories and fables helped with Virgo‘s fantasy. 05. Virgo‘s poem states that a) a special man wrote countless stories based on the search. b) the ideal man became real by the end of the search. c) romance stories frustrated many women after the search. d) the perfect man and woman were objects of the search. e) fantasy became disappointment at the very end of the search. AS QUESTÕES DE 06 A 08 TÊM MAIS DE UMA ASSERTIVA CORRETA: 06. Considering the visitors‘ comments on Virgo‘s poem, identify the correct statements: I. One of them says she won‘t forget Virgo‘s poem. II. Both Maria and Lena are happy about their husbands. III. Some of them said they really enjoyed the poem. IV. Every one of them had a personal response to the poem. V. None of them explains their point of view about the poem. 07. Considering the visitors‘ comments on Virgo‘s poem, identify the correct propositions: I. Patrick agrees with Virgo‘s fantasy of the perfect man. II. Sweetness‘ fantasy of the perfect man became reality too. III. Bernie felt really moved by the message in Virgo‘s poem. IV. Lena predicts she will meet the perfect man one day. V. Maria had a similar experience as the one in Virgo‘s poem. 08. Considering Maria‘s words in the Visitor Comments, identify the correct statements: I. She said she met her husband. II. She said she hated the poem. III. She said her husband was special. IV. She said her fantasy came true. V. She said her husband found her.






ANOTAÇÕES TEXTO N° 1 While mayors around the world spend their time making excuses for crime, drugs and urban decline, Jaime Lerner of Curitiba, Brazil, tries to be modest about his city's success. In 1970, he started low-cost programs to build parks, control garbage, house the poor and develop a mass-transit system. "Services like parks and high-quality public transportation give dignity to the citizen, and if people feel respected, they will assume responsibility to help solve other problems", says Lerner. (Adapted from TIME January 11, 1993.)

COMPREENSÃO 01. De acordo com o texto, a) Curitiba's success has not made Lerner wordly known. b) Lerner has not been able to solve crime and drug problems. c) Lerner does not care for the poor. d) A mass-transit-system can only be developed by means of a high cost program. e) Lerner's success is attributed to his low-cost programs. 02. Conforme o texto, "...mayors around the world..." a) try to justify crime, drugs and urban decline. b) agree with Jaime Lerner. c) are equal to Jaime Lerner. d) do not worry about crime, drugs and urban decline. e) are afraid of Jaime Lerner. GRAMÁTICA 03. Nas frases I. Lerner does not ____________ promises. II. Curitiba tries to ____________ an effort to be different. III. Citizens will ______________ their best to help the program. as lacunas devem ser preenchidas, respectivamente, por a) do - make - do b) make - make - do c) make - do – do d) do - do - make e) make - do – make 04. No fragmento "... his city's success.", o pronome his refere-se a a) mayors around the world b) city c) success d) Jaime Lerner e) Curitiba 05. Nas frases I. You do not have to waste a generation building a subway, ___________? II. Curitiba has multiplied the chances for encounters,________________? as lacunas são preenchidas, respectivamente, por a) don't you - haven't you b) don't you - hasn't it c) do you - haven't it d) do you - has it e) do you - hasn't it




06. Curitiba's public transportation uses platforms _______________ passengers pay the ride before ___________ the bus.


a) what - board b) who - boarding c) where - board d) where - boarding e) when - boarding TEXTO N° 2 Millions of Americans are living on line - looking for love and therapy, among other services, on computer networks. Actually, more than 20 million friendly users around the world are already out there, crossing continents and cultures through telephone lines connected to computers. (Adapted from NEWSWEEK September 6, 1993)

COMPREENSÃO 07. De acordo com o texto, a) Americans find nothing on line. b) Twelve million people are crossing continents and cultures. c) Love and therapy are never found on line. d) Computer users are unfriendly. e) More than twenty million users have their telephone lines connected to computers. 08. When the author says "Millions of Americans are living on line", he means that millions of Americans a) are living abroad. b) intend to deal with computers. c) usually watch TV. d) are looking forward to buying a computer. e) are operating computers. GRAMÁTICA 09. Na frase "Actually, more than 20 million...", a palavra ACTUALLY significa a) seriously b) presently c) completely d) suddenly e) in fact 10. Americans look both for love __________ therapy on computer networks. a) and b) nor c) or d) either e) also