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PORT FOLIO OF PEIQING WA NG Selected Work | 2012-2019


PEIQING WANG pw2483@columbia.edu | 646-573-5166 | 157W 106TH St, Apt 5B, NY, NY, 10025 https://issuu.com/payching

EDUCATION GSAPP, Columbia University, New York City, US M.S. Architecture and Urban Design (Candidate)

2018.06 - 2019.05

Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi'an City, CN Bachelors of Engineering | Landscape Architecture (3yr Arch+2yr LA)

2012.09 - 2017.07

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Architecture Design&Research Institution of Xiamen University Research Assistant

2017.09 - 2017.11

Architecture Design&Research Institution of Xiamen University Design Assistant

2015.06 - 2015.09

Drafted survey questions about residents attitude toward urban village living environment Field research and documentation Drew typology of historic building and courtyard Attended a seminar with local Planning Department officials

Collected data and writing a report Collaborated with one designer to make presentation files; One individual landscape design at the entrance of a commercial street, this included detail, sketch, 3D model and collage Drew typology of historic building and courtyard Attended a seminar with local Planning Department officials

NON-PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Xizhang Primary School Volunteer

2014 .05

Temporaray English teacher in rural area

Jinqiu Geracomium Volunteer

2013.01

Nurse and delivered performance

HONORS School of Architecture, Xi'an University of Arch and Tech Merit-based Scholarship | Second Class

2014.09

School of Architecture, Xi'an University of Arch and Tech Merit-based Scholarship | First Class

2013.09

PUBLICATION Visualization of the Principle of Landscape Ecological Planning

Research | Concept Visualization | Drafted the Chapter of Scale Effect

2017.11

SKILLS AutoCAD | Rhinoceros | Adobe Suite | ArcGIS | V-Ray | SketchUp | Grasshopper | Artlantis | Lazer Cutting LANGUAGES Mandarin Chinese (native) | English (fluent) | Japanese (limited)


CONTENTS

01 A FROZEN MOMENT OF TANG

01

02 APPLETOPIA

19

03 WASTE TO SPACE

29

04 INTERRUPTED FLOW

35

05 DRAWING A TEMPLE

39

06 QINGXIN GARDEN

51

07 WALK ON WATER

65

08 REBORN

75

Urban Design | Coexisting of World Cultural Heritage

Urban Design | Revitalizing Hudson Valley's Apple Industry

Urban Design | Integrating Waste System and Public Space

Urban Design Research | Flows Acrossing US-Mexico Border

Architecture Design | Modern Sacrificial Space

Landscape Design | Classical Chinese Garden

Architecture Design | Archeological Site Museum

Landscape Design | Turning an Abandoned Park to a Truly Urban Park

-09 INHERITANCE

83

10 LINKNYC SUTURE

87

Urban Design Practice | Preservation and Development of Old Town

GIS Research | Spatial Data Analysis


1


01 A FROZEN MOMENT OF TANG

COEXISTING WITH WORLD CULTURAL HERITAGE Urban Design Studio, Spring 2016 Site: Xi'an, CN Instructor: Haiqing Chang, Baoju Shen, Yani Fan Collaborator: Jingyi Wang, Lichen Wang, Xinran Li, Lan Yang, Yizhen Wang

This project aims at addressing the issue of ever-increasingly drastic conflicts and incompatibility between the rapidly developing modern city and a world cultural heritage within it. The Small Wild Goose Pagoda, a world cultural heritage is the core in this project. Right now, it is confronted with great threats and challenges in today's urban development. It does not received enough attention as it deserves. In order to emphasize Tang's culture, improve the environment and enhance the connection within heritage garden and its surrounding areas, the new design introduces new circulation to strengthen cultural axis, various spatial form to reinterpret Tang's city mode, and new functions to activate the area. Hopefully, all the people could celebrate old Tang's culture in this city.

2


WORLD CULTURAL HERITAGE DISTRIBUTION

SEARCHED TIMES ON GOOGLE Average Times 100

75

the Small Wild Goose Pagoda

50

25

0 2000/01/01

world cultural heritage

world cultural heritage

2005/01/01

the Small WIld Goose Pag

The map illustrates the distribution of world cultural heritage. As we can see, globally, most of them are located in Eurasian continent. Domestically, many world cultural heritages are centralized in MidChina and the Small Wild Goose Pagoda is one of them.

The line graph clearly shows that people with world cultural heritage. However, whe Pagoda, the seached times approximately this world cultural heritage does not receive

SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT OF XI'AN CITY

SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE GOOSE PAGODA

City ] Tang's city mode has[ Spatial exerted Development great influenceofonXi’an today's Xi'an city.

The Small Wild Goose Pagoda has been s firstly built in Tang dynasty. The postion o time. But the space of Jianfu Temple chang 618-907AD,Tang firstly built pray, recreation

— Tang Dynasty

— Yuan Dynasty

— The Republican Period

907-1 war destro

— Now

3


goda

HERITAGE DISTRIBUTION IN XI'AN CITY

[ Tang ] 618 - 907 AD site of Daminggong Palace

[ Han ] 206 BC - 220 AD site of Han Chang’an City the 2nd Ring Road

[ Qin ] 221 BC - 206 BC site of Epang Palace

downtown

[ Tang ] 618 - 907 AD West Market [ Tang ] 618 - 907 AD The Small Wild Goose Pagoda

the 3rd Ring Road

Tang

2010/01/01

2015/01/01 2016/01/01

Today National Key Cultural Protection

Xi’an city’s central axis

[ Ming ] 1368 - 1644 AD site of Ming Chang’an City [ Tang ] 618 - 907 AD site of Xingqing Palace [ Tang ] 618 - 907 AD East Market [ Tang ] 618 - 907 AD Qujiang Pool [ Han ] 206 BC - 220 AD Du Mausoleum cultural site region

movie

have gradually show more concern en it comes to the Small Wild Goose y remain stable which indicates that ed enough attention as it deserves.

The Small Wild Goose Pagoda is located right beside the central axis of Tang's and today's city. In today, it has great accessibiity since it is near the 2nd ring road.

E SMALL WILD

situated in Jianfu Temple since it was of the pagoda has not changed over ged in each dynasty. 2014-Now world culture heritage 1368-1644AD, Ming renovation after1949AD, New PRC renovation 1644-1912AD, Qing renovation prosperous

1912-1949AD,Republican Period war destroyed

1367AD, Song&Yuan

oyed

4


EXISTING CONDITION OF THE SITE

DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE

The diagram below shows the current condition of the site and its surrounding area. The site is located in a area where there are many cultural nodes of the city.

The diagram below illustrates the development of the site in each dynasty and an overall condition. The site had experienced a rapid development in 1980s-1990s.

Road

Site

Road

N

Xi'an Bowu Yuan Potential Cultural Axis Cultural site of Zhuque Street

West

Youyi

Road

Subway Entrance Chengguan Village Primary School

the Small Wild Goose Pagoda

Seed Wholesale Company

Zhuque

Chang'an

Residential Quarter

Xi’an City Museum

Hotel Residential Quarter Constructioning Area Xia Village

North

Ring

Road

2nd

Road

Road

Shaanxi Province Library Xi’an Art Museum

Road

North

North

Shaanxi Province Stadium

Tiyu

Zhuque

Chang'an

Xi’an School of Music

Daxingshan Temple

Site the Small Wild Goose Pagoda Square Wall in Tang dynasty 5

Road South

Xingshan South

Da

This picture is the result of superimposing Tang's city pattern with current site. It is clear that the Tang's square and current site are not completely overlapping with each other.


SITE ANALYSIS Solid and Void

Building Storey

Buildings Greening Water Construction Area Road

>30m 21-30m 9-21m ≤9m

Building are centered at the east of the site.

Most buildings in the site are under 21 meters.

Historical Site of Tang

Height Limitation

Pagoda Courtyard of Pagoda Anren Square Jianfu Temple Zhuque Road the 7th Street the 8th Street Historical Site

prohibited ≤9m ≤12m ≤18m ≤24m ≤36m ≤60m

Historical site does not completely overlap with the current site.

The highest building in the site should not exceed 24 meters.

Road System

Green Space

Main Road Secondary Road Internal Road

Green Area Linear Green Space Green Spot

Lacking access to the south.

The green takes up more than half of the site and is valuable to the site and its surrounding area.

Public Facilities

Industry

Green Space Education Recreational and Sports Commercial Health Care Transport Infrastructure Management of Public Facilities

Retail Catering Finance Service Recreation

Comparably sound public facilities.

Most industry are centered at east of the site.

Parking Lot

Public Transportation

Ground Underground Vertical Parking Tower

Bus Station Bicycle Rental Station Subway Station

Lacking parking space at the site garden.

Good accessibility. 6


7


EXISTING SITE ANALYSIS This map shows the result of the site research by applying the latest theory of Place Maker from the Italian Professor Marichela Sepe, Planning and Place in the City-Mapping Place Identity.

It is clear that the site has strengths in accessbility, historical background and the benign environment in garden of the Small Wild Goose Pagoda. But when it comes to the areas outside the garden, it is far beyond people's satisfaction. 8


CONCEPT OF CONCEPT OF DESIGN URBAN DESIGN

×

×

Theme

Cultural Axis

Node

Frozening the time of Tang: exhibiting the history and culture of Tang

Connecting the southern cultural sites and forming a cultural axis

Bringing in more public space to satisfy people’s need

INTRODUCING NEW PATTERN SPATIAL STRATEGY Wall and Building

Building Module

5.4m

Wall Space Building

Public Space

1

Reusing indoor tree pools to create outdoor public space

5.4m The Small Wild Goose Pagoda

1

Elevation

INTRODU

Wall and

2

New buildings enclosing the wall space

More facilities for recreation 54m

Wa 54m

2

Xi’an City Museum

Elevation

Bu

3

More green to beautify the ambience

A new building includes the wall space

1 540m

Eleva

4

Space under trees to chat

540m

3

Elevation Lifting the wall space

Anren Square

New building the wal

5

Positive space to assemble people To better displaying the Tang’s culture and complying with the existing structures, all the new buildings,structures and squares are designed on a scale of 5.4 meters.

4

Plan Marking the wall space on the ground

2

Eleva 6

Various space to explore

A new build the wal

3

TANG’S CITY MODE INTRODUCING TANG'S CITY MODE

Eleva Lifting the

Plan

The 7th Side Street

45m 30steps

Square Gate

Zhuque Street

63m 42steps

9

Street

Square Wall

Section

150m 100step

72m 48step

Trench

540m 350steps

The 8th Side Street

4

Pl step: unit of measurement in Tang 1 step ≈ 1.514 meters Tang’s city featured its square. The whole city was divided into couples of similar square. Each square had its own square wall, square gate and side street within it. The street between the adjacent square was extremely wide compared with today’s scale, because the main vehicle was carriage.

Marking the on the


PHASES

Step 1 Phase 1 2017-2019

Demolishing the urban village and constructing new residential areas

Step 2 Phase 2 2019-2022

Recognizing Tang’s city pattern Establishing

Step 3 Phase 3 2022-2024

Introducing new axis

Step 4 Phase 4 2017-2022

Aggregating density to define the edge of public space

10


PLAN North West

Youyi

9

1

19

2 10 N

0

25

50

75

2

100M

20

Pedestrian Entrance Vehicle Entrance Historic Sites

2

Primary School

3

Square Wall

4

Plaza of Zhuque Street

5

Square Gate

6

Xi’an City Museum

7

Underground Parking Lot Entrance

8

Sculpture

9

Exhibition Hall

11

3

21 5

4 Zhuque

1

22

25

10 Traditional Culture Exchange Center 11 Small Wild Goose Pagoda 12 Nanshan Gate 13 Traditional Handicraft Studio

6

14 Folk Music Studio 15 Square of the 8th Side Street

23 12

16 Shopping Mall of the 8th Side Street 17 Retail Shop 18 South Entrance Square 19 Commercial Pedestrian of the 7th Side Street

7

13

24

14

20 Exhibition Square 21 Exhibition Center 22 Recreational Square 23 International Culture Exchange Center

16

8

24 Calligraphy Studio

15

16

25 Residential RArea 26 Garden

17

27 Commercial Pedestrian of One Side Street 29 Main Entrance Square 30 Mark of Square on the Ground 11

North Road

28 Hotel

18

17 Tiyu

To the province stadium, province library and city gallery


SYSTEMS North

Different systems are integrated in this new plan. They can work both individually and collectively.

Road

30

25

Functional System Site touring area of Small Wild Goose Pagoda Public touring area Characteristic commercial area Exhibition area of Tang’s culture

Road System Roadway Pedestrian Ground parking lot Entrance of undergroung parking lot City road

25

26

27

5 Chang’an

Landscape System Green land

Node of Publc Space Main lnode Secondary node Main laxis Secondary axis

28 25

28

Planning Structure

29

17 Road Road

Landscape node Square wall Property line City road Cutural axis Roadway Historical and cultural exhibition area Primary school Cultural square Civic culture experienc area Heritage reservation area of Small Wild Goose Pagoda Commercial area Residential area 12


PHYSICAL MODEL 1:1000 This model is made by Jingyi Wang, Lichen Wang, Xinran Li, Lan Yang, Yizhen Wang and me.

West

Youyi

Pedestrian of the 7th Street Traditional Culture Exchange Center

Plaza of Zhuque Street

Primary School

Baiyi Pavilion

Exhibition

Ro

ad

the Small Wild Goose Pagoda Cangjing Hall

Exhibition Square Gate

Zh

uq

ue

the Great Buddha's Hall

King Hall Bell Tower

Inte Xi'an city Museum

No

rth

Nanshan Gate

Plaza of Zhuque Street

Traditional Handicraft Studio

Folk Music Studio

Plaza

Lifted Square Wall Square Gate

Shopping Mall of the 8th Street

Plaza of the 8th Street

Lifted Square Wall Square Gate

Tiyu

Way to S tadium

North

13

Retail Shop

Road


Road Subwary

Recreational Square

n Plaza No rth

One Side Street

n Center

Retail Shop

Square Gate

Recreational Square Ch an g' an

ernational Culture Exchange Center

Ro ad

Caligraphy Studio

o

Lifted Square Wall Corridor

Corridor Shopping Mall of the 8th Street

Corridor

Lifted 8th Street

Plaza of the 8th Street

Corridor Lifted Square Wall

14


INDIVIDUAL DESIGN

COURTYARD FORM

The huge scale of the 8th Street is quite incompatible with today's urban city. Based on the previous research about people's need and infrastructure about the area, I decide to redefine this circulation by adding a shopping mall and several public plaza, which would vitalize this circulation. Since current area has poor cultural service, the north area of my design are served as folk art studio, that aims at providing more cultural experience for tourists and local people.

To be consistent with the theme, exhibiting Tang's culture, I decide to use traditional courtyard to a c c e n t u a t e t h e Ta n g ' s atmosphere. These typical courtyards are originated f ro m Ta n g ' s t y p e a n d I revised some of them to satisfy special needs.

design area

yard: 36m2 arch: 310m2 funcďźšcraft

yard: 72m2 arch: 580m2 func: music

yard: 60m2 arch: 300m2 func: craft

yard: 48m2 arch: 280m2 func: music

yard: 60m2 arch: 340m2 func: craft

yard: 84m2 arch: 620m2 func: cali

SCENARIO Bes t

Sta ge Ev

er!

Ca

nd ic r a f t Fes t i va

n

w it h f o l k m

l

ic us

ia

Caligraphy Studio

ee

g!

fu n

M

Ha

n

itio

ti n

rn

in

a

ng

p hy Exhi b

s!

H

vi

ligra

g t he

d tale nts a n

lea

Elevated 8th Side Street

Folk Music Studio

Bout i ques

p

ie

ue

s!

Ex

er

Shopping Mall

Plaza

nc

in g

Ta n g ’s t

n ech

iq

Plaza

Traditional Handicraft Studio The 8th Pedestrian Street

G Retail Shop

15

et

tin

g so nir me souve

s!


CIRCULATION DIAGRAM

SHOPPING MALL CONCEPT

The diagram shows the tight connection within the site and with its surrounding area. The new circulation is a fusion of Tang's culture and modern life. It not only addresses the problem of super scale by adding new function, but also provides the space with more vigor.

1. Splitting the 8th Street into several mass, using the mode 54m*54m as a unit.

Pedestrian Interior Circulation Roadway

3. Connecting the roof surface of the shopping mall making it as an elevated 8th Street.

Plaza

Square Wall

Food

2. Removing and pushing backward the mass in front of the square gate and that at the east side to create a plaza which enables people to experience the authentic scale of 8th street.

& Dr i nk s

4. Lifting part of the square which would enable people walking on the roof feel like they are on the real 8th Street.

H

av

e

a n ic e

fri e c h a t w it h

nd

s!

5. Adding mini corridor on the roof to connect the roof surface and the square wall that would provide a special perspective to experience the real Tang's scale of 8th Street.

16


viewing shopping mall and plaza from the Square Wall

viewing the Small Wild Goose Pagoda and Nanshan Gate from Square Gate 17


east-side Entrance Plaza

walking on the elevated 8th Street to experience the real Tang's scale 18


SCENARIO AT TRAIL The scenario shows people celebrating apple festival on Mid-Hudson Bridge.

19


02 APPLETOPIA

REVITALIZING HUDSON VALLEY'S APPLE INDUSTRY Urban Design Studio II, Fall 2018 Site: Ulster County, NY Instructor: Lee Altman, Wendy Adringa, Jerome Haferd, Justin Moore, Michael Murphy, Christopher Kroner, David Smiley Collaborator: Dian Yu, Shuyuan Li, Yingzhe Zhang Apples form one of the most iconic industries of the Hudson Valley. However, apple orchards have experienced a drastic decrease of 26% in the past 20 years due to increasingly unaffordable operating costs, labor shortage, a lack of facilities, waste disposal, etc. For the remaining orchards in the valley, two existing models promise economic sustainability: “pickyour-own” farms and hard cider tours. Based on these trends, we propose to build upon the apple industry’s more public aspects, taking advantage of existing infrastructures. Our proposal consists of (a) a series of multi-functional “hubs”, constructing for making apple processing and added value products and providing professional training; (b) an expanded hard cider company allowing the apple picking participates the public in the cider making process; (c) a trail system tying together these two components plus apple follies celebrating the apple culture. By adapting to contemporary models that combine agricultural production with experiential participation and recreation, the Hudson Valley’s iconic apple industry can reinvent itself as an economically viable, environmentally sustainable, and socially engaging, while remaining an integral part of the valley’s identity.

20


CURRENT APPLE INDUSTRY CONDITION IN NEW YORK STATE Apple farms are mostly in northwestern state and Hudson Valley, while HARD CIDERY IS CENTERED AT HUDSON VALLEY.

CURRENT APPLE INDUSTRY OPERATION MODE Producing

Large Farm 91% farms in New York State are small farms.

91%

The average acre of farms in Hudson Valley is 1/8 of the USA.

1/8

-% Cultivation

21

-26.7

Processor

Warehouse Storage Sorting Packing Distributing Grow Advising

Sale

Export

Wholesaler M

Pink Lady

Retailer

Broker

56%

seassonal employee

H-2A Workers

“Expensive, Time Consuming, Bureaucratic”

-30.7 Labor

Wholesaler Farm Expenses ($)

38%

small farms are hiring H-2A workers

Golden Delicious

Spectialty Restaurant

Processor

26.9 Red Gala Delicious

Honey- -4.9 scrip

Distributing

Small Farm

Apple Sales % Change vs. 3 Years Ago % 37.4

Processing

Consumer

601,032,000 482,421,000

0.69 Fresh Apple to Wholesale

388,186,000 349,236,000 1997

2002

Operation

2007

Pick Your Own

Farmer Market

0.41

1 1.69

Hard Cider

0.28 2+

2012

Market

Sell to Processor

Processed Apple


APPLE REGION IN HUDSON VALLEY

HARD CIDER only 22% raw ingredient are purchased from local farms.

+

PICK YOUR OWN

Wage Rates for Apple Picking Fresh Apples

$11.00/hr

Drop Apples

$10.70/hr

++

Apples which hav fallen to the ground are only suitable for the juice or cider.

+ HUDSON CITY

+

BY-PRODUCT

+

+

By-products of Hard Cider Making 1 ton Apples

0.25 ton (500 lbs) Pomace

331 lbs Compost

=

+ KINGSTON

+

++

100 lbs Apple Flour

LEGEND

Apple Region

69 hds Feed Animals

+

+

Urban Area City Railway Station

+

+

Railway

POUGHKEEPSIE

Highway Road Fruit Farm 0.00 - 19.50 19.51 - 63.14 63.15 - 136.40 136.41 - 471.50

Based on the distribution of apple farms, cideries and hard cideries, we define an apple region in Hudson Valley. As it is shown in this mapping, apple farms and hard cideries are centered in Ulster County.

NEWBURGH

+

Pick Your Own Cidery Hard Cidery Fruit Processor 22


PROPOSED OPERATION MODE

PHASE Criteria 1: 1000 acres of apple farms need 1 hub. Criteria 2: A trail incorporates and connects at least one hub, several apple farms, hard cideries and other existing tourism assets. Hub Hub Network Trail Columbia County

Ulster County

Phase 1 Build hub system and trails in Ulster County.

PARTNERSHIP

23

Columbia County

Ulster County

Phase 2 Add hub systems in other counties in Hudson Valley Region.

Columbia County

Ulster County

Phase 3 Build trail system in Hudson Valley Region.


CORE TRAIL IN ULSTER COUNTY In Ulster County, we design trails as an outward strategy of boosting apple industry. Each trail consists of one hub, several cideries and a series of follies and orchards along it.

+

+

Bad Seed Cider Co.

+

+

+

+

+

+ + +

+

+

DuBios Farm

+ +

+ +

+ +

Hub

+

Prospect Hill Orchard Trail Folly

TYPOGRAPHY OF FOLLY Each folly is designed with its specific environmental context and tells a story of one type of apple.

24


HUB

LEVEL 2 Visitor Center + Exhibition + Education Center

LEVEL 1 Factory

Hub is a shared facility for local farmers. Farmers could use equipment to make apple products such as juice, sauce and sell them to local cideries and retails. It is a multi-functional. The essential functions are storage, processing, packaging, and distribution. As the center of this core trail, we propose new functions. First, a waste disposal infrastructure, which expands the life circle of apple products, and makes the whole industry sustainable. Waste will be transformed to compost and then be delivered to a compost site which is also located at our trail. 25

Second, an education center to address the labor shortage issue. Education center provides professional training for labors. Some of them will work at farms, others may work at cideries or just in the hub. When farms and cideries need more workers in busy seasons, they could send a request to the hub. Third, recreational space includes a tour path, an exhibition, and a small retail shop to make this hub public-facing. After visitors finish their tour, they will walk through this glass box which directly connects to our trail.


HUB

Outside the hub is a transfer station, where visitors could choose different modes of transportation.They could walk, bike or take golf car.

CIDER RENOVATION

The renovation for cider company aims at making hard cider industry more public-facing by introducing a glass shed to seasonably expand its space and also adding functional grids in its room. Potential activities in cider company include cider tour, tap room, make-your-own cider, exhibition and entertainment show.

26


SCENARIOS ALONG THE TRAIL The trail is designed with the seasonal landscape that provides different views all year round. And tourists can experience different stages of apple product making process

HUB

27

throughout the year. Folly along the trail is a not only a recreational space but also a tap room which allows tourists to explore a variety of apples.

FOLLY


CIDERY

28


Not only will the door assist in giving community garden a greater street presence and drawing in the community, but also provide every resident of East Harlem an opportunity to drop-off their organic waste within a 5-minute was of their residence.

29


03 WASTE TO SPACE

INTEGRATING WASTE SYSTEM AND PUBLIC SPACE Urban Design Studio, Summer 2018 Site: East Harlem, NYC Instructor: Kaja Kühl,Brian Baldor, Hayley Eber, Sagi Golan, Tricia Martin, Shachi Pandey, Austin Sakong Collaborator: Alexandra Burkhardt, Jinsook Lee

East Harlem generates over 10,000 tons of organic waste per year; however, as a borough, Manhattan does not offer curbside collection of organic waste. As a result, residents are limited to three drop-off sites for three hours a week to dispose of their organic waste. East Harlem has one of the highest concentrations of community gardens of any neighborhood in New York City. These gardens are a tremendous asset to the urban fabric of East Harlem; however, as they stand, many are fronted with chainlink fences and remain primarily inaccessible to the public. Our proposal is to utilize community gardens as a tool for organic waste collection in East Harlem. Each garden’s fence will be transformed into a 24/7 food scrap drop-off site through the use of “door.” However, because community gardens are only capable of composting 5% of East Harlem’s organic waste, the remaining 95% must be addressed at a community-scale. We propose to use the EL, one of East Harlem’s most unique, accessible and underutilized spaces, as the site for an integrated system that celebrates East Harlem’s identity by transforming it into an experimental, multi-programmatic space accessible to all residents of East Harlem. From 115th to 118th, the space under the El will be transformed into an experimental production line utilizing three blocks as a compost hub, urban gardening lab and community market with each block serving a particular role in the transformation of organic waste.

30


EXISTING FOOD-SCRAP DROP OFF IN EAST HARLEM

PROPOSED FOOD-SCRAP DROP OFF VIA COMMUNITY GARDENS IN EAST HARLEM

31


DESIGN PROPOSAL-- SPACE+NETWORK

DESIGN PROPOSAL -- AGENCIES

32


PHYSICAL MODEL

LA MARQUETA

COMMUNITY M COMMUNITY MARKET

115TH ST

URBAN GARDENING LAB

116TH ST

From the harvested communi will be a workshop business responsive culture of compone community

URBAN GARD

COMPOST HUB

117TH ST

118TH ST

PARK AVE

33

From here to the urb as sold to will have th rainwater hydroponic

COMPOST HU

The first b will collec off from around Ea transferred modules waste int process.


SECTION PERSPECTIVE

MARKET

greenhouse, the produce will be transferred to the ity market, where there green market, cooking p and spaces for smalls chefs. Each block is e to the urban fabric and f East Harlem, integrating ents like public artwork, y gardens and playscapes.

DENING LAB

e, the soil will be transferred ban gardening lab, as well regional nurseries. The lab hree areas: an insectarium, r harvesting system and cs greenhouse.

UB

block, the compost hub, ct organic waste droppedm community gardens ast Harlem. Waste will be d to industrial composting which will convert the to rich soil in a 24 hour

34


35


04 INTERRUPTED FLOW

FLOWS ACROSSING US-MEXICO BORDER

Urban Design Studio II, Fall 2018 Site: Coachella Valley, CA Instructor: Lee Altman, Wendy Adringa, Jerome Haferd, Justin Moore, Michael Murphy, Christopher Kroner, David Smiley Collaborator: Adi Laho, Bohong Zhang No matter what the physical barrier may be, scale or bounds, the polar shift in contrast is distinct in each of the communal sections of this Coachella – Mexicali region that we have defined and zoomed-in on. This definition helps to better understand this particular region of Southwestern United States in order to additionally understand the mechanism at large. We see the Salton Sea, California’s largest and ever-changing saline lake, and the ever thin politically charged border of United States and Mexico also as two physical features that are vastly different in nature; natural and man-made, flowing barriers that divide this site. We ask, if a thin border wall between nations and a dynamically shifting lake equally effect the barred off areas they touch adjacent to them, then is it possible that factors outside of these drastically different geographic features are strongly manipulating how this region and others like it are formed? In our research, a recurring theme we kept being routed back into was water. It is as abundantly clear in aerial views of the vast canal systems and lush agricultural fields as it drawing a section of the powerful Colorado River that so much of the region is dependent on as their prime resource. Infrastructure, production, partnerships or companies; they are all dependent on this element. Water is constantly flowing, as are many layers of systems in this region. These systems are all extremely connected with each other in very apparent ways and are super divisive resources that shape a community or help manifest disparity in another. Factors that indefinitely decide the health of a specific area and a plethora of other factors inside of that community. As much as this flow of resources strengthens a region, it also is a major factor in the inequality it creates through layers of unseen connection amid the directions a particular flow takes; who get what and how much…

36


37


38


AERIAL VIEW 39


05 DRAWING A TEMPLE SACRIFICIAL SPACE DESIGN

Competition, Summer 2016 Site: Fujian, CN Individual Work

“Without the influence of Cubism and Abstract art, the architecture of the twenties would probably have been very different”. —William J. R . Curtis This work discusses how painting and architectural design influence each other and collectively create a new design. In this work, I draw a cubism painting to record and present my concept and ideas about the new space firstly. Then let this abstract painting to guide me further design spatial form, circulation, etc. I think a design is an interweaving of sense and sensibility. This work demonstrates this process explicitly. Hopefully, this work would bring new inspirations for the relation of painting and architectural design.

40


CULTURAL BACKGROUND Sense In China, every village has at least one temple. The temple is the main public space in the village where people hold big events and perform daily routine. The god in the temple is people’s emotional and spiritual sustenance. Villagers piously pray for good harvest and auspiciousness monthly.

Hall of Sanshan King

N

(Buddha)

Sp

ac

e

3

M

ed

d

i ta

tio

n

Space

1 Ince n Bur n se er

Sense This diagram illustrates the sequence of traditional sacrifice and the form of typical sacrifical space. 39

e2

SACRIFICE SEQUENCE EXPERIENCE

Spac

Spa

ce 4

(Buddha)

(Buddha)

Right Dharmapalas

Left Dharmapalas

Me d

ita

tio

t ion

n

ita

Me

Main Entrance


SITE ANALYSIS sense N harbor Chen village

farmland

10 min’s walk

South China Sea

7 min’s walk

Chen village pond

SITE: SANSHANG KING TEMPLE 4 min’s walk

8 min’s walk

Fu village

farmland

west

east

farmland

Buddha

Sanshan King Temple

Buddha

farmland

sea 40


BRAINSTORM ABOUT TEMPLE sense This diagram mainly consists of basic elements and features of a traditional Chinese temple. Listing all these factors is a preliminary process of my design which facilitates grasping the main focus of a sacrificial space design. 41


LAYOUT AND CIRCULATION ANALYSIS sense

circulation/total

20%

21%

27%

22%

30%

spatial diversity

6%

12%

62%

68%

62%

spatial transparency

13%

25%

40%

55%

72%

circulation/total

27%

27%

28%

26%

25%

spatial diversity

38%

56%

78%

90%

94%

spatial transparency

65%

70%

68%

80%

96%

SPATIAL IDEAS sense The drawing below combines elevation, section and perspective, it records my fragmented thoughts about space , including its form, function and possible view.

low wall at the main entrance space

suspended Incense Burner space

top lighting for Sanshang King figure

cantilever makes gray space

open suqare semi-open courtyard

SKETCHES OF PAINTING sensibility The sketch below uses the concept of Spatial Tranparency in Cubism Painting to illustrate the spatial form of my designed temple. It is expressed by various techniques, including elevation, section, plan and axonometric within

expressing main space form

adding exterior space

one drawing.This drawing is conducted in a comparably emotional way which helps record my feeling and cognition of my design.

enriching spatial language

recomposing

enriching exterior space 42


Incense

left Buddha

square

courtyard courtyard

Incense Burner

gate

slope

King

start end

CUBISM PAINTING AND TRANSLATION sensibility and sense Inspired by Robert Delaunay’ s series work of the Eiffel Tower and the concept of Spatial Transparency in art, I draw a cubism painting to record and present my concept. The painting is a set of my cognition of different space. When people "walking" in this drawing, the four important sacrificial scenes would appear continuously which would definitely provide people with a strong sacrificial atmosphere. 43


SCENE AND SPATIAL FORM sensibility and sense According to the painting, I reconsider the possible scenarios. Then, based on the new scenarios, I redesign the sacrificial spatial form. The new spatial form includes the basic spatial elements of sacrificial architecture and other new space which facilitates enriching spatial experience. 44


N 0

5

10

15

20m

SITE PLAN

14

13

15

16

12 4 A

A 5

7

3

1

6

11

2

8 4

10

9

Buddha

main entrance

pond

square

9

Incense Burner space

1 square 2 pond 3 main entrance 4 secondary entrance 5 courtyard 6 corridor 7 window 8 small mound 9 Fu‘s house 10 Lin‘s house 11 Huang‘s house 12 Chen‘s house 13 Wang‘s house 14 Fang‘s house 15 Li’s house 16 farmland

5

12.000 10.200

5.100

4.200 12.000

±0.000

0

5

10m

0 -2.000

45

5

10m


9

3

4

2

10

1

13

14

12

5

6

6 8

7

6

8

3

7

7

11

7

9

GROUND FLOOR 0

5

form

10m

scene

SECOND FLOOR 0

5

form

2

11

1 Main Entrance

10

Void over Sanshang King Hall

2 Right Dharmapalas Hall

11

Left Dharmapalas Hall

3 Courtyard

12

Void over Right Dharmapals Hall

13

Void over Courtyard

14

Incense Burner Sacrificial Hall

4 Sanshan King Hall

scene

10m

3

5 Storeroom 6 Office Room

14

7 Activity Room 4

15

Sanshan King

corridor

couryyard

9 Secondary Entrance

skylight

8 Restroom

10.800

8.400

4.200

SECTION A 0

5m

10m

-1.500

46


WEST ELEVATION day scene During the day, the temple is a sacred and pure place for people to pray for goodness. The sea at the background would make people feel more peaceful in mind after finishing sacrificial process. 47


NORTH ELEVATION night scene In the evening, the square of the temple become a place for social and recreation. Villagers could meet their friends and neighbors at the square, kids could have fun playing with each other after dinner. 48


1 2

1

2

49


3

INTERIOR PERSPECTIVE

1 Incense Burner space This picture is a conceptual perspective of the Incense Burner space, which is the last step of Chinese sacrifice.

2 Entrance space This picture is a conceptual perspective viewing from the entrance space toward the farmland and sea.

3 Corridor People would experience a series of different and intriguing space through the corridor. 50


51


06

QINGXIN GARDEN

CLASSICAL CHINESE GARDEN Landscape Design Studio, Fall 2015 Site: Xi'an, CN Instructor: Yuan Lin Collaborator: Jingyi Wang

This project about designing a classical Chinese garden for a hypothetical user at a given site, the Master of Nets Garden. I designed a new garden for a female from Qing dynasty called Qingzi Lu and her family. Mrs. Lu was a great female in history but was treated miserably. The purpose of this design is to build a better living environment for Mrs. Lu and her family and commemorate the emergence of feminist consciousness. The designed garden is a fusion of artificial beauty and natural beauty. Ancient Chinese philosophy and aesthetics concept are extensively applied in this design and could be shown by its special layout, permeability of interior and exterior space, and basic elements of classical garden such as classical Chinese architecture, water, artificial hills, and plants.

52


WHAT IS YINER?

yǐn

WHY DESIGN FOR MRS LU?

Yin is a kind of ancient Chinese culture which means politicians or intellectuals decided to stay out of politics because they were tired of the political conspiracy and corruption or they did not gained due respect by the emperor and other politicians as they had expected. Yi is word often accompanying Ying, which means cozy and comfort. Yiners usually led a cozy life in remote places or quiet places in town after giving up political power. They barely connected with the society and some of them only social with their closest friends. Yiners stayed most of their time at home, entertaining themselves by writing poem, playing the instrument, drinking, etc.

Mrs. Lu was a female representative of Yiner, which was very rare to see in Chinese history. She was a comparably well-educated female at that time. With an insightful and fearless mind, she encouraged her husband, who had an unsuccessful political career, to be a Yiner with her together. Mrs Lu and her husband led an impoverished life later on. Out of respect and sympathy for Mrs Lu, I decide to design a garden for Mrs Lu and her husband to help them better enjoy their life as Yiners. Moreover, there was another famous Yiner, poet Deqian Shen, living next to the site. Since Mrs. Lu and Mr. Shen both loved peom and had similar experience, they would become spiritual confidants and would not feel lonely.

SITE ANALYSIS This map illustrates the site’s location in Qing dynasty. China Zhuozheng Garden

Lion Grove Suzhou

Garden of Cultivation

Yi Garden

Feng City Gate

Suzhou River

Shiquan Street

Ke Garden

0m 90 Gentle Waves Pavilion

N

53

900m Site: Master Nets Garden Mr. Shen’s House

Villages

Suzhou River


PROTOTYPE RESEARCH In order to keep consistency between the new garden and existing gardens in suzhou in aspect of form and space, I choose five classical gardens which are located close to

N

Master of Nets Garden Area: 0.67 ha

the site and have similar area with the site to analyse the form of the typical elements in classical gardens, namely architecture, water, artificial hills and plants.

Ke Garden Area: 0.5 ha

Gentle Waves Pavilion Area: 1.08 ha

Yi Garden Area: 0.53 ha

Area: 0.15 ha Distribution: mainly north-west

Area: 0.4 ha Distribution: mainly south

Area: 0.18 ha Distribution: mainly east

Garden of Cultivation Area: 0.4 ha

Architecture

Area: 0.27 ha Distribution: mainly east

Area: 0.18 ha Distribution: mainly east

It is evident that the layout of architecture are mainly aggregated at one side, with landscape situated at the other side. The total area of architecture takes up approximately 1/2 of the whole garden.

Water

Area: 0.12 ha Distribution: center Form: regular+winding

Area: 0.12 ha Distribution: south-east Form: regular+winding

Area: 0.23 ha Distribution: north Form: winding

Area: 0.13 ha Distribution: center Form: winding

Area: 0.11 ha Distribution: center Form: regular+winding

In most classical Chinese gardens, water is located at the center of the garden, functioning as a major scenic spot. The area of water usually consists of 1/5~1/4 of the total area. Its form features delicated twists and turns, which is a simulation of natural form of water.

Artificial Hills

Area: 0.10 ha Distribution: scattering in whole garden, centered at south water side Form: irregular

Area: 0.12 ha Distribution: scattering in whole garden, centered at north side Form: irregular

Area: 0.25 ha Distribution: scattering in whole garden, centered at south river side Form: irregular

Area: 0.18 ha Distribution: centered at north river side and south boundary Form: irregular

Area: 0.10 ha Distribution: scattering in whole garden, centered at south river side Form: irregular

The majority of artificial hills are located around water side. A small portion of artificial hills scatter at small courtyard.

Plants

Area: 0.09 ha Distribution: scattering in whole garden, centered at the boundary and water side Planting Form: single+group

Area: 0.12 ha Distribution: scattering in whole garden, centered at boundary and artificial hills Planting Form: single+group+row

Area: 0.15 ha Distribution: scattering in whole garden, centered at south river side and artificial hills Planting Form: single+group+row

Area: 0.10ha Distribution: scattering in whole garden, centered at artificial hills Form: single+group

Area: 0.10 ha Distribution: scattering in whole garden, centered at artificial hills Form: single+group

It is explict that plants are distributed irregularly and flexibly. Most of plants are planted as a group,with different sizes in it, making the group looks layered and contrastive. Some of plants are single planted so as to be a main scene.

54


ANCIENT CHINESE PHYLOSOPHY AND AESTHETICS Chinese philosophy believes that MAN and NATURE unites as ONE, which has exerted huge influence on classicial garden design. Even though PHYLOSOPHY the landscape in AND gardens are ANCIENT CHINESE AESTHETICS created by human, they should be look like it is nature itself. Chinese aesthetic thinks highly of implicity and elegance. The diagram below shows the influence of Chinese philosophy and aesthetic on classical garden.

Layout

Water

Stone

Circulation

Scene

X

X

X

X

X

O

O

O

O

O

Various,flexible and balanced layout makes it more interesting.

Winding circulation embodies oriental implicit beauty.

Slightly twists and turns makes water look more natural.

Hiddening some part of the scene arouses people’s curiosity.

Stones are supposed to be slim and permeable.

STRATEGY Tíng

Combining classical Chinese architecture (artificial) and Láng (natural) to create a new Táng garden. typicial lanscpae elements

Láng

Tíng

Táng

Láng

Táng

Pavilion Corridor Hall User: all User: all User: Mrs.Lu+guest tion: recreation Function: Function: social orridor Hall circulation Corridor Pavilion Hall User: all User: all User: Mrs.Lu+guest User: all User: Mrs.Lu+guest n: circulationFunction: recreation Function: social Function: circulation Function: social

Xiè

Lóu

Lóu

Xiè

Shuǐ

Shuǐ Lóu

Shuǐ artificial artificial

Architecture

artificial

Architecture

+

Architecture

Landscape

+

“natural”

Landscape

+

terside Pavilion Two-Storeys Pavilion Water User: all User: family members User: all Landscape ction: Pavilion recreation Function: rest Function: landscape oreys Waterside Pavilion Water Two-Storeys Pavilion Water “natural” mily members User: all User: all User: family members User: all ction: rest Function: recreation Function: landscape Function: rest Function: landscape Shí

Jiǎ Shān

Shān

Shí

Zhí Wù

Zhí Wù Jiǎ Shān

Zhí Wù

Stone Artificial Hills Plants User: all User: all User: all ction:landscape Function:landscape Function:landscape cial Hills Plants Stone Artificial Hills Plants ser: all User: all User: all User: all User: all n:landscape Function:landscape Function:landscape Function:landscape Function:landscape 55

Materiality

“natural”

X

+

O

White walls and black tiles represent elegance.


ROOF PLAN 0

5

4

6

10m 5

1 Main Entrance

C

2

2 Secondary Entrance 3 Mr. Shen's Garden 4 Shiquan Street 5 Lin's Home 6 Wang's Home 7 Qian's Garden 8 Farmland

B

A A

B

3 1

Layout Layout Layout Layout open space open space openopen space space semi-private semi-private space space semi-private semi-private space space private space private space private private space space major node major node major major node node minor node minor node minor minor node node

Function Function Function Function study study studystudy recreation recreation room (chess room (chess recreation recreation room room (chess (chess game and game music) and music) game game and music) and music) collection collection room room collection collection roomroom living area living area living living area area private backyard private backyard private private backyard backyard main landscape main landscape garden garden main main landscape landscape garden garden

Layout LayoutLayout Layout open open open space space open space space semi-private semi-private space semi-private semi-private space 7space space privateprivate space space private private space space major major C node major node major node node minor node minor minor node minor node node 8

Circulation Circulation Circulation Circulation indoor indoor circulation indoor circulation indoor circulation circulation outdoor outdoor circulation circulation outdoor outdoor circulation circulation The corridor corridor The enablesenables peoplepeople to to The enables people to The corridor corridor enables people to get to to every every get room every without room going going get going get to toroom everywithout room without without going outside outside which is which convenient is convenient in in outsideoutside which iswhich convenient in is convenient in rainy and and rainy snowy and days. rainy snowy days. rainy and snowy snowy days. days.

Function Function Function Function study study study study recreation recreation room room recreation recreation room (chess (chess room (chess (chess game game music) and game and and game music) and music) music) collection collection room room collection collection room room living living living area area living area area private backyard backyard privateprivate private backyard backyard main landscape landscape main gardengarden main main landscape landscape garden garden

View View View View horizon horizonhorizon horizon viewpoint viewpoint viewpoint viewpoint People would see PeoplePeople would would see People would see see different scenary even ifif even different scenary different scenary even different scenary even ifif they move they just move they just just move forward they justforward move forward forward only step. only one only one one step. only one step. step. 56


Main Entrance

57


N

GROUND FLOOR PLAN 0

5

10m

1 Zhenyi Hall (1F) Zhenwu Hall (2F) 2 Dianxiang Hall (1F) Jiexiu House (2F) 3 Jude Hall (1F) Juwen Pavilion (2F) 4 Pin Xuan 5 Jingxiang Pavilion 6 Fuxiang Pavilion 7 Cold Spring 8 Bu'er Palace 9 Zhongmiao Yi 10 Yiliang Pavilion 11 Stepping Hall 12 Xiaoyao Room 13 Zhi Garden 14 Yizhi Yuan 15 Zizai Room 16 Miaoxianxiang Xuan 17 Shengyou Old Trail 18 Ke Pavilion 19 Duyi Pavilion 20 Wander Palace 21 Cloud Cave 22 Puzzle Pavilion 23 Ye Pavilion 24 Qingxin Pavilion 25 Banjing Xuan 26 Aiyue Pavilion 27 Wuguoyunkai Xuan

Secondary Entrance

Note: This plan was done in collaboration with Jingyi Wang. 58


SECTION A-A

SECTION B-B

SECTION C-C 59

0

5m

0

5m

0

5m


Chinese gardens features its landscape diversity. The three section diagrams explictly illustrate the multiple layers of landscape, the density of landscape and architecture, and the permeability of landscape. When people wandering in this garden, the scenery they see keeps changing as every step they move on. The artificial hills not only function as landscape but also a "playground" for people to have fun. When people reach the top and look back, the scenic beauty of the whole garden will be a feast of eyes.

Corridor in classical Chinese gardens plays an important role especially in rainy and snowy days. It enables people to go outdoor conveniently. Plus, it also provides space for appreciating landscape from different angles as it twists a little bit and goes ups and downs.

60


PLANTING DESIGN PLAN 0

5

10m

PLANTING DIAGRAM

N

BLOOM SCHEDULE Ever-green Deciduous Semi-evergreen Woody Plant 1 Pinus bungeana Zucc. 2 Salix babylonica 3 Acer 4 Magnolia grandiflora Linn. 5 Albizia julibrissin Durazz. 6 Taxus chinensis (Pilger) Rehd. 7 Ginkgo biloba L. 8 Cinnamomum camphora 9 Cerasus jamasakura

61

Chimonanthus praecox Pinus tabulaeformis Carr. Cercis chinensis Bunge Magnolia liliflora Desr. Punica granatum L. var.nana Pers 15 Hibiscus syriacus   Linn. Pers Pers 16 Eriobotrya japonica

10 11 12 13 14

1

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep

Herbaceous Plant

Oct

17 Phyllostachys Viridis 18 Indocalamus tessellatus 19 Musa basjoo Siebold 

Dec

Nov

2

3

4

5

6

7

Planting Form Function

single accentuating architecture

single landscpae

Planting Form Function

single landscape

row+cluster limiting boundary

Planting Form Function

cluster softening boundary

cluster improving water

Planting Form Function

group landscape

cluster blocking sight

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19


SCENARIOS

A

B

viewing from ornamental perforated window to outside

C

viewing from hollow-out window

D

having fun in artificial hills

E

backyard scenary

F

viewing from interior to outside

G

viewing Ke Pavilion from waterside

strolling between water and "mountain"

H

viewing Duyi Pavilion from artificial hills 62


AERIAL VIEW

Note: This perpective was done in collaboration with Jingyi Wang. 63


64


65


07 WALK ON WATER

ARCHEOLOGICAL SITE MUSEUM Architecture Design Studio, Spring 2017 Site: Xi'an, CN Instructor: Haiqing Chang Individual Work

This newly designed museum is for a historical site called Wei Bridge, an important node of the Silk Road in Han dynasty. The design aims at strengthening the existing cultural axis of Han dynasty and propogating Han’s culture and history. The museum features not only its exhibits but also its special architectural form. It is a combination of architectural space, bridge, and historical sites. Two paths are designed to help people understand the site. One is a new Wei Bridge, which provides people with a modern perspective to see the current condition of the historical site; the other one path is located right below the bridge deck, in the “water”, the exhibition of ancient bridge piles enables people to understand the relics from a historical perspective. If people want to know Chinese culture in Tang dynasty, then there are many places they can visit in Xi’an. However, if people want to know something about Han dynasty, especially Han’ Silk Road, unfortunately, there is nowhere to go. By designing such a special museum, I hope that it would provide a new perspective for the culture and history of Han’s Silk Road.

66


NEW WONDER! This map illustrates the travel route of Silk Road in China Han dynasty (500-300BC). The newly-discovered historical site,the site of Wei Bridge, was the start of this route.

S pian Cas

Black Sea

ea

Mediterranean Sea

To R

om

e

Tyre Dura-Europos Ceesiphon

Lake Balkhash

Hecatompyous

Samarkand

Merv Bactra

Kuldja Kokand Kashgar

Turfan Aksu

Anxi Dunhuang

Chang'an

d Re

Ara

Khoan

Se

bia

a

nS

ea

Bou 0

Wooden Bridge Piles 6.2-8m

Wei Bridge Site No.2

>1m

Wei Bridge Site No.1

ndar

e y Lin

Wei Bridge Site No.3

No.1&2 Wooden Bridge Piles

Site Pit

Construction River Bank Ancient Boat

Wei Bridge Site No.4

No.3 RIver Banks, Ancient Boat

312m

The boat was made by Roman Techniques which shows the relation with Europe.

15.7m

Road rd Ring 3 h rt o N

ay High W

Stone Water

880m Cit

all yW

1730m

All Pits Other Relics (stones,tiles)

The stone was used to directing the water flow so as to Protect Wooden Piles from being eroded too fast.

Heng Gate

Chucheng Gate

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE ANALYSIS Note: This mapping is not to scale. 65

Historical Site of Han Chang'an City


EXISTING CONDITION ANALYSIS EXISTING CONDITION ANALYSIS Site Current Wei River

Wei Bridge Ancient Wei River

Zhou

Current Wei River

Qin

Imperial Bomb

Han Suitang

Xianyang Palace Changle Palace

Mingqing

Historical Sites Distribution

Han’s historcial sites are centered around the site.

Other bridge Han Chang’an City Wei Bridge was the main access to Qin’s Palace. Han’s Spatial Form

Site Downtown

Site Downtown Railway Village Path

Railway Depot Airport

Secondary Urban Road Highway Main Urban Road

Railway 2nd Ring Road 3rd Ring Road Highway

The next road quite

Even though the site is located far away from downtown, it has many accesses.

site is located to main urban which makes it accessible.

Accessibility site scale

Accessibility city scale Site Construction Boundary

Site Area Historical Sites Protection Zone Construction Boundary

Protection Zone

The site is of limited extension. Low quality buildings in within the boundary are allowed to be demolished. Boundary and Limitation

Site pits mainly concentrated around the site Site Pits Distribution Site Education Transportation Health Care

Site Architecture Protection Zone Railway Village Industry Zone

This region lacks recreational and commercial infrastructure.

The north area is u n d e r- d e v e l o p e d which is a chance for the site. Solid and Void

Public Infrastructure Distribution Site Low Quality

Site ≤ 9m

Medium Quality

>9m

High Quality

The height of most buildings are under 9 meters.

Most buildings are of low quality. Quality of Building

Height of Building 66


PRESERVATION STRATEGY Stie Type

Bridge Piles Ancient Boat Other

[ Protection Strategy ]

Distribution

Solution

Centralized Scattered

Reason

Marking Display

Authenticity Principle

Exhibiting on Spot

Integrity Principle

Protecting on Spot

Reversibility Principle

Backfill Protection

Identifiability Principle

Window Display

Dynamism Principle

Virtual Experience

More Space Availability

Specimen Display

Different Perspective

Multi-Media Display

More Interaction

CONCEPT

DESIGN PROCESS

Existing Proposal

1. existing wooden piles

2. imaging the form of ancient Wei Bridge

Museum and bridge are apart. People only pay attention to a bridge when they are not on the bridge. However, when they are on the bridge, they tend to focus more on the scenary around the bridge.

3. creating underwater space

Introducing a New Form

4. simulating water erosion process From my perspective, when a museum and a bridge are jointed together, the new structure not merely provides people with a closer look to the relics, but offer them a space with more diversity and possibility. The former space taken up by the museum could be used for creating open space.

5. creating two axises

[ Spatial and Functional Analysis ]

SPATIAL AND FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS Observation Area

Special Sculpture

Plant Growth Plant Specimen DIsplay RIng Display

Piles Position Mark

Viewing Platform

Bridge Deck Modern Axis

Observation Room

Underground Corridor

Exhibition Room

Water

Office Area

Exhibition of Site of Wooden Bridge Piles

Multi-Media Room

History Axis

Soil

This diagram shows the space, function and circulation on two paths. The space form is different but has same theme, exhibiting the history and culture of Han dynasty. 67

Exhibition of Site of Wooden Bridge Piles


N

SITE [ SitePLAN Plan ] 0

15

30m Boat-Building Experience Center

Sunken Plaza

Viewing Platform

River Bank Site Exhibition

Secondary Entrance

Piles Mark Display

Plant Specimen Display

Archeological Experience Center

Leisure Plaza Secondary Entrance Plant Growth Ring Display Water Drop Plaza

Observation Area

Water&Stone Plaza Rest Space

Museum Main Entrance

No.4 Piles Site Plaza

Event Plaza

Sculpture

Cafe

Ripple Plaza New Bridge

Parking Lot

Parking Lot Entrance Plaza

North

3rd

Main Entrance

Ring

Road 68


AXONOMETRIC DIAGRAM This diagram is a decomposition of the museum. Its materiality, constructure, spatial form, circulation and the relics are clearly illustrated in this diagram. 69


A

2

B

14

10

11

11

2

15

B

Second Floor

8

13 2

Basement

8

Ground Floor

10

12

10

10

8 N

10 11

2 8

10

PLAN 0

5m

9 10m

1

Main Entrance

2

Lobby

3

Meeting Room

4

Office1

5

Office 2

6

Office 3

7

Hanging Corridor

8

Site of Wooden Bridge Piles

9

Observation Room

8

2 3

10 Secondary Entrance 11 Restroom

4

12 Exhibition Hall

5

13 Sunken Corridor

6

14 Plaza 15 Multi-Media Room

7

1

A 70


0

71

5

10m

SECTION A-A

Âą0.000

-4.500

3.500

-1.000

secondary entrance

window display

lounge

observation room

observation cell

observation cell

hanging corridor

site pit

bridge pile

lounge

office

office

office

office

office

bridge

Looking back toward Han Chang'an City Wall from the new bridge.

PERSPECTIVE


6.000

8.000

2.000

3.000

-1.000

-4.500

-1.500

72

sunken plaza

lampstand

restroom

multi-media room

viewing platform

sunken corridor

bridge pile

lounge

window display

secondary entrance

exhibition room

exhibition cell


Section B SECTION B-B Ceramic Tile Mortar Protection Layer Water Proof Layer Cement Mortar Leveling Cement Insulation Layer Cement Mortar Leveling Structural Slab Plastering Layer

Brick Red Ceramic Panel

8.000

2.000

Viewing Platform

Multi-Media Room

Corridor

Archeological Site -1.000

-2.000

Sunken Corridor

Base

INTERIOR PERSPECTIVE

Boat-Building Experience Center

Exhibition Room 73

Observation Room

Relics Exhibition Room


PERSPECTIVE This is a conceptual perspecitve of the newlydesigned bridge, which clearly shows its form and relation with the designed landscape.

74


AERIAL VIEW

This aerial view rendering shows the designed park grounded in its existing urban context. The new design is fully accessible inside the park and outside to its surrounding assets.

CENTRAL ST SQUARE YINGBIN STREET XIBEI STREET

DAYUN TEMPLE

CHENGHUANG TEMPLE HISTORICAL SITE OF CITY WALL LIANHU HISTORICAL SITE

CENTRAL STREET

75


08 REBORN

TURNING AN ABANDONED PARK INTO A TRULY URBAN PARK Landscape Design Studio, Fall 2015 Site: Shangluo, CN Instructor: Lei Chen, Yani Fan, Baoju Shen Collaborator: Xinran Li, Jingyi Wang, Lichen Wang, Lan Yang

This project is a large-scale open space design which seeks to tie the renovation seamless into the surrounding urban fabric and character. The site Lianhu Park is in poor conditions in terms of amenity, inner accessibility, waterfront landscape, etc. Over the years, several renovation projects have taken place here but none of them have improved the park into a better place but make it gradually loses its own identity. As a result, it has become an abandoned place in the city even though it is located in the city center. We see the existing lake and the special historical city wall within the park, and commercial and historical streets surrounding the park as key assets to develop this park. Our design is based on these assets and our study of people's behavior. The goal is to transform this park into a truly urban park that not only provides inviting open space and infrastructures to local people all year round but also works as an ecological and sustainable back garden of citizens.

76


AERIAL VIEW OF THE DESIGNED PARK

B

C

A

SECTION

A

Entrance Lotus Lake

City Wa

B Outside Commercial Street

Zhi Garden

Yong Lake

Stream City Wall

Mufu Lake

C

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Outside Commercial Street

Lotus Lake

City Wall

Folk Museum

Is


B

C

A

Access To Residence

Children Recreational Space

all

sland

Open Grassland

Mufu Lake

Mufu Lake

Island

Mufu Lake

Viewing Platform

Waterfront Space

Commercial Space

Tranquil Touring Space 78


SEASONALITY & ACTIVITIES

SPRING & SUMMER Feb - Jul Drama Performance | Temple Fair | Lantern Festival | Spring Outing

appreciation chatting touring workout

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FALL (day) Aug - Oct Dating | Mid-Autum Festival | Camping

FALL (night) All year round Jogging | Walking dogs | Chatting

WINTER Nov - Jan Assembly | Appreciation For Landscape

picnic performance fishing picking lotus

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ECOLOGICAL DESIGN Rainwater collection is designed in the park, and natural slopes are used in conjunction with the city walls around Lianhu Lake. Part of the water flow uses surface runoff and a part of it flows into the lower part of the soil. The surface runoff rainwater finally flows into the Lianhu Lake, and then through the infiltration and the aquifer flowing in the soil, eventually flowing into the Danjiang River.

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Main Entrance Plaza

Parking Lot

Flower Garden

Flowerbed

Lake

Stream

Hydrophytes

Hygrophytes

The main entrance plaza is paved with permeable surface. The rainwater penetrates through the square masonry and is filtered through the three-layer gravel cushion. The filtered rainwater is recycled through the rainwater collection pipeline.

Rainwater flows into the flowerbed through natural landing and slope of road. Some rainwater is absorbed by the plant roots and then infiltrated into the bottom layer.

During the rainy season, rainwater is collected through the rainwater collection box on the shore, while keeping the water surface does not exceed the critical value.

Rainwater is absorbed by the shore hydrophytes through the gentle slope. As more rainwater gathering together, it provides a better growth space for the hydrophytes.

The parking lot plaza has a gentle slope and is paved with permeable pavement. Rainwater seeps through the permeable pavement, be filtered to the water-bearing cushion, and then penetrated into the bottom layer.

The rainwater at commercial entrance plaza flows to the outside through designed slope. The rainwater is absorbed into the bottom layer through the roots of the plant in the flower bed.

Rainwater slowly flows into the shore through the grass slope, and near the shore the terrain has a slower slope. Some of the rainwater is absorbed by the shore plants and filtered into the water.

The shore of the stream is a gentle slope, and the rainwater is absorbed and filtered by the shore plants and then be infiltrated into the bottom layer. 82


PERSPECTIVE

PERSPECTIVE

83


09 INHERITANCE

PRESERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF OLD TOWN Urban Design Practice, Summer 2015 Site: Zhangzhou, CN Organization: Architecture Design&Research Institution of Xiamen University Job: Design Assistant Individual Work: 3D modeling, Photoshop for perspective rendering, sketch, writing paper for presentation

This is an urban renewal project aiming at revitalizing historical town by preserving old spatial pattern, improving the quality of existing architecture and landscape and introducing new tourism industry. The existing conditions of the old town is quite messy: illegally constructed and extended buildings are everywhere; many paths are dead end; open space are small and occupied by motorbikes randomly, etc. The study investigates the well-preserved courtyard street pattern and focused on protecting these remains. On this basis, we redesign the road system to make it efficiently connecting the every site. The street facades are renovated based on the characteristics of Minnan architecture to attract commercial development. The public space is considered to be a spatial carrier for cultural heritage, which combines the locals' daily social needs and special cultural celebrations. The project has won China Living Environment Example Prize in 2017.

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AERIAL VIEW

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DATA SOURCE: 1) Poverty Status in The Past Months of Families U.S. Census Bureau, 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. POVERTY STATUS IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS OF FAMILIES. Retrieved November 11, 2018, from https:// factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_16_5YR_S1702&prodType=table 2) LinkNYC Locations Department of Information Technology & Telecommunications. (2018, October 25). LinkNYC Locations. Retrieved November 11, 2018, from https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Social-Services/ LinkNYC-Locations/s4kf-3yrf 3) Street Crime Data New York City Police Department. Street Crime Location. Retrieved November 11, 2018, from https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Public-Safety/NYPD-Complaint-Data-Current-Year-To-Date/5uac-w243/data 4) NYC Wi-Fi Hotspot Locations NYC Wi-Fi Hotspot Locations Wi-Fi Providers. (2016, October 25). NYC Wi-Fi Hotspot Locations. Retrieved November 11, 2018, from https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Social-Services/NYC-WiFi-Hotspot-Locations/a9we-mtpn 5) Bus Stop Shelters NYC Department of Transportation. Bus Stop Shelters. )(2018, September 10). Retrieved November 29, 2018, from https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Transportation/Bus-Stop-Shelters/qafz-7myz 6) Health and Hospitals Corporation (HHC) Facilities Health and Hospitals Corporation (HHC). (2018, September 10). Health and Hospitals Corporation (HHC) Facilities. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Health/ Health-and-Hospitals-Corporation-HHC-Facilities/f7b6-v6v3 7) Tourism Grants Manhattan Borough President (MBP). (2018, September 10). Tourism Grants . Retrieved November 29, 2018, from https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Health/Health-and-Hospitals-Corporation-HHC-Facilities/f7b6-v6v3 87


10 LINKNYC SUTURE SPATIAL DATA ANALYSIS

GIS Lab, Fall 2018 Site: NYC Instructor: Leah Meisterlin, Grga Basic Collaborator: Haoting Pang, Huang Qiu

LinkNYC kiosk is part of an international organization which is established to provide free wi-fi to everybody in New York City. It was first raised in 2014 by the office of New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio , then it developed gradually. Until now, the LinkNYC kiosk has multiple functions except for the free wi-fi. There are free phone call which is what payphone mainly provided, emergency button, community service, map information service and so on. The company is dedicated to developing new and potential functions of these kiosks. They claimed that it will be the fastest and most widely spreading system all over the world. However, the distribution of these kiosks does not make it work efficiently. Our work is to find out the conflicts of the functions and distributions, and then propose new functions and potential sites to add more kiosks as a way of implementation.

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METHODOLOGY

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This diagram shows the flow of our analysis. We use four criteria (street crime points, free Wi-Fi coverage area, population density, density of people below the poverty line) to find out the potential places to add new kiosks. Apart from existing functions of LinkNYC kiosks, we also analyze service area of healthcare&hospital, bus shelter and tourism grants and propose LinkNYC 2.0 to new places.

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LINKNYC 1.0 Based on statistic study on currentKiosks LinkNYC Location distribution,Points we define that Newly Created LinkNYC Map new LinkNYC points number = score * area(US acre) / 200

Legend Previous LinkNYC Location Point New LinkNYC Location Point NYC Boundary 0 1.25 2.5

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Newly Created LinkNYC Kiosks Location Points Map Newly Created LinkNYC Kiosks Location Points Map Legend Previous LinkNYC Location Point New LinkNYC Location Point NYC Boundary 0 1.25 2.5

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LINKNYC 2.0 -- AED EQUIPMENTS

Priority Locations for LinkNYC with AED Equipments AED, or automated external defibrillator, is well known for saving people’d life when Legend

LinkNYC with AED LinkNYC Road Centerline NYC Boundary Service Area / 5280 feet 0 1.25 2.5

5

a suddenly heart arrest happens. It can give the patients electrical shock to evoke the heart beating rhythm.

According to the American Red cross statistics, “ Sudden cardiac arrest is among the leading causes of death in the United States. In fact, more than 350,000 people will suffer a cardiac arrest this year. Currently, the only way to restore a regular heart rhythm during cardiac arrest is to use an AED.” Of course, we can call 911 for help. The ambulance need 4-12 minutes for arriving based on different distance. However, the first 4 minute is the golden time for life saving. So the best way to help people who has the arrest is to use this equipment immediately.

Miles

Priority Locations for LinkNYC with AED Equipments

Priority Locations for LinkNYC with AED Equipments Legend LinkNYC with AED LinkNYC Road Centerline NYC Boundary Service Area / 5280 feet 0 1.25 2.5

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LINKNYC 2.0 -- DRINKING FOUNTAIN Drinking water fountain is a quite common public infrastructure in NYC. It’s designed to provide all people with clean water. What’s more, it can also shrink the waste bottle problem. However, the sanitarium of these fountains now become a serious issue. Without being cleaned in a specific sequence, there are lots of water incrustation and rust near the fountain mouth. These things do harm users’ health. The number of water fountains in NYC is numerable. Most of them scatter Priority Locations for LinkNYC with Drinking Fountain around the city which make the cleaning work even harder.

Legend

LinkNYC with Drinking Fountain So we want to set new water fountains attached to the kiosks. These new drinking LinkNYC

water fountains are not only easily found by the citizens and tourists , but also easily cleaned, which may repair this broken drinking water system in the future.

Tourism Service Area (328 feet) NYC Boundary Road Centerline

Priority Locations for LinkNYC with Drinking Fountain Miles Legend Priority Locations for LinkNYC with Drinking Fountain 0 1.25 2.5 5 LinkNYC with Drinking Fountain LinkNYC Tourism Service Area (328 feet) NYC Boundary Road Centerline 0 1.25 2.5

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Legend2.0 -- BENCHES LINKNYC

LinkNYC with Benches LinkNYC

Road Centerline NYC Boundary 0 1.25 2.5

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Priority Locations for LinkNYC with Benches Almost every bus stop shelter is built with a bench affording at least 3 people in NYC. However, some bus stops are quite popular, considering there always more than 7 people in the shelter at the same time, a 3-people-siting bench is not appropriate. After overlapping LinkNYC location points with bus stops shelter points in NYC, we found 2two facts. One is the distances between LinkNYC kiosks and bus stop shelters are quite interesting. Except for those are much far away or overlapped completely, most kiosks are actually in the walkable radius from at least one bus stop shelter. The other one is, some of these kiosks have enough public space.

Priority Locations for LinkNYC with Benches Legend

Priority Locations for LinkNYC with Benches

LinkNYC with Benches LinkNYC Road Centerline NYC Boundary 0 1.25 2.5

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