Magazine Australia STRATA PAWS
Would you know what to do in an emergency?
signs your dog is
PLUS TIPS TO BOOST THEIR MOOD
Living in apartments with pets
Turn your dog into the Paw-fect Running Partner
How to avoid heat stroke
Toilet Training Your Puppy
Your No Fuss Guide
Home pick up just $5 Hanrob Pet Hotels now offer home pick ups and drop offs for their doggy daycare service. At $5 each way and with picks ups from 6am, there’s no longer any reason to leave your dog home alone! LIMITED SPACES AVAILABLE To book call 1300 426 762
Secure, grassy play yards
Professionally trained staff
Socialise with other dogs
Calming rest time
Treats and cuddles
Home pick up and drop off
Welcome to pawprint When we set out to create Pawprint magazine, we set out to make a magazine that meets the needs of Aussie Pet Owners. So, who are you – and what is it that you want? The latest research into Australian pet owners, which was published in late 2016, clearly shows the shift in how we, as pet owners, perceive our pets. They’re no longer mere companions, and our ‘fur-babies’ have well and truly become part of the family. Whether dogs, cats, rabbits, birds, or any other domestic pet (and, by the way, we know the most popular pet in Australia is the dog, with more than 38% of households owning a canine companion) we’re spending more money on them, including them in more activities, taking them more places. Ultimately, we want the best for our pets – just like any other member of the family. We want the best for our pets, and yet how many of you can hold your hand up and say you’d know exactly what to do in an emergency? On page 30 you’ll find an introduction to pet first aid – with tips on what to put in your pet first aid kit, and details of where you can learn more.
We want to involve our pets in more activities, so, on page 18 you’ll find five steps to turning your dog into the pawfect running partner. Not only will you improve your own health, your dog will love the extra exercise, too. We’ve also given you a run down of pet-friendly events in the coming months. Turn to page 20 and start filling out your calendar. Plus, for those wanting to spend big, our test-dog Erik spent a happy half hour road-testing the latest enrichment products on the market. Turn to page 28 to find out which ones are worth your hard-earned bucks. Ultimately, we hope we’ve created a magazine that brings education and enjoyment to the many thousands of pet owners in Australia. Of course, we welcome your feedback and letters, so please address them to me at firstname.lastname@example.org. Lizzy Fowler Editor, Pawprint Magazine
Contributors Dr Melissa Starling
Melissa Starling holds a BSc (Hons) in zoology and a PhD on dog behaviour, personality, emotions and cognition. She has long had a passion for animal behaviour and animal training that has only intensified the more she learns. She has experience training flighty prey animals as well as bold, opportunistic dogs.
Kylie is a writer of all things health, fitness and wellness. Her two children attest to the treasured family Shih Tzu ‘Jaws’ being the third child. Kylie maintains a regular running routine, often taking Jaws running along the beach or in the park in search of the perfect Instagram pic!
Contents 06 3 essential commands to teach your new puppy
Teach your puppy a few simple commands and improve your relationship long term
Summer is sticking around. Swot up on the symptoms of heat stroke and learn how to prevent it
18 5 steps to the Paw-fect
20 Pet-friendly events, 2019
Your no-fuss guide to toilet training your puppy Toilet training your new puppy doesn’t have to be a stressful, messy or lengthy affair. We promise!
Running Partner Four legs are better than two when it comes to running buddies. Here’s how to make it happen.
10 signs your dog is happy (plus expert tips to boost their mood) Have you ever wondered if your dog is truly happy? Here are the signs.
Tried and tested (by pets) Erik put his paws and jaws to testing toys designed to stimulate your pet’s body and mind.
08 How to avoid heat stroke
Essential Guide to Pet Boarding When we have to travel, what do we do with our pets? We run through the options
Stick these pages to your fridge – it’s our run down of pet friendly events and cafes in your local hood.
Strata Paws – Living in Apartments with pets Relaxed rules mean it’s getting easier for us to live in apartments with pets. But that doesn’t mean it’s always easy.
Putting pets first+ With more of us owning pets, the responsibility to learn pet first aid and improve outcomes in an emergency is on us.
Pawprint Australia Magazine is printed and distributed by Hanrob Pty Ltd. Hanrob Pty Ltd has taken all reasonable care to ensure that the information contained in this publication is accurate on the stated date of publication or last modification. It is possible that the information may be out of date, incomplete or the opinion of the author. Copyright Hanrob Pty Ltd 2019.
Commands To Teach Your New Puppy
Basic dog training skills are crucial to a happy life for both you and your dog, and teaching your puppy just a few simple commands from an early age can dramatically improve your relationship in the long term. Start your pup off on the right paw by teaching them these three basic commands.
1 How to teach your puppy to sit
WORDS BY LIZZY FOWLER
Correction and Reward
Training your puppy can be rewarding for both you and your puppy – literally in their case, as most basic dog training revolves around the concept of correction and reward. “This simply means correcting the behaviour you don’t want to encourage, and rewarding the behaviour you do,” explains dog trainer and educator, Jenn Bennett. “Of course, correction should never be physically enforced or even dealt with an angry tone – your puppy will respond best to a firm ‘No’.” When it comes to rewarding your pet’s good behaviour, Jenn says to begin by offering them a tasty dog treat alongside lots of praise. “Puppies don’t necessarily understand praise on its own – they actually need to learn to associate praise with good behaviour,” she explains. “If your puppy does something well, you want to lavish them with praise and offer them a yummy treat at the same time, so they realise both the behaviour and praise were a good thing. Eventually, praise on its own will be enough to reward your puppy.” So, what should you be teaching your puppy, and when? According to Jenn, you can start teaching basic commands to your puppy by the time they reach around 12 weeks of age. “If you can, it’s great to start teaching these commands from around 12 to 16 weeks of age,” she says. “But it’s important to bear in mind your puppy is still so little and will get tired easily so keep your training sessions short!”
You want to make sure your puppy won’t be distracted during your training session, so choose a confined area either indoors or outside in your secure back yard to conduct your training. “You want your puppy to be away from furniture, toys, other animals and people, and ideally on a level surface,” says Jenn. “Then you want to get your dog’s attention and ensure they focus on you throughout the training exercise.” To do this, Jenn recommends having your puppy’s favourite treat to hand. “Start by calling your puppy’s name and stand them directly in front of you. Then, take the treat and hold it directly above your puppy’s nose at eye level – this is so that they can clearly see and smell the treat.” “Next, give the ‘Sit’ command whilst slowly raising the treat to just above your dog’s head.” According to Jenn, your dog will follow the treat with their eyes, which in turn will make them sit. “If your puppy doesn’t sit, carry on holding the treat above their head with one hand and gently use the other to encourage them to the sit position,” says Jenn. “Once your dog is sitting, repeat the command and then give them the treat with praise.” Repetition is key so, after a brief walk around the room, it’s best to try the exercise again. “As your dog gets better at this command, you can move the treat further away from them while giving the commands,” says Jenn. “If they ever try to jump for the treat, remove it from sight, regain your dog’s focus, and begin again. Eventually, your dog will not need a treat to obey the command, but they should always be rewarded with praise.”
How to Teach Your Puppy to Come When Called
To begin teaching your puppy to come when called, you will need to begin your training in a secure outdoor area, such as your back yard. “Begin by asking your dog to sit, and remember to praise them once they have done so – patting your dog helps them understand that they’re doing the right thing,” Jenn says. “Next, tell your dog to ‘stay’ and use the ‘stop sign’ hand signal then walk away slowly.” While your puppy is still new to this exercise, it’s best to walk backwards so you’re still facing your dog. “You may need to repeat the ‘stay’ command as you walk away from your puppy – make sure you maintain eye contact as this will help keep your dog focused.”
Only reward them for completing the task once they are sitting.” Again, repetition is key, and you want to ensure your puppy has learned this command in a controlled – secure – environment prior to trying in more adventurous environments, such as the local park, bushland or a friend’s house. “The presence of other dogs or people nearby may be challenging for your dog, so keep sessions brief, to ensure they are effective and successful. Patience and consistency are the keys to getting your dog to return on command.”
Once you’re a few metres from your dog, stop and call their name, followed by the command ‘Come’ or ‘Here’. “To perform the signal for this command, bring a flat hand to your upper chest as you give the verbal instruction,” says Jenn. Then, when your dog reaches you, command them to sit.
How to Teach Your Puppy to Stay
Teaching your dog to stay can be one of the most valuable commands they will learn and is typically used for your dog’s safety and comfort. However, it’s not a simple command for your dog to learn so – as with each of these training exercises - patience and persistence are key. “There are four simple steps involved in teaching your dog to stay on command,” says Jenn. “As with the other exercises, before you start training, find a confined area of your backyard or a large room in your home with little or no distractions. This will help your puppy concentrate and ensure they are safe during the exercise.” To start, get your dog’s attention by having them on a loose leash, and walk them around, calling their name. “If your dog looks at you when you call them you’ll know you have their attention. Motivate your dog by showing them a treat, which will be their reward for staying focused.” Next, bring your dog to a halt and give the ‘sit’ command. “Once your dog is sitting, reward them immediately with a treat. Then, tell your dog to ‘stay’ and use
a ‘stop’ hand signal. As you do this, slowly move away from your dog. Initially, only take one or two steps back and show the reward to them from this distance. With each step away, repeat the command ‘stay’ with the hand signal. Once you’re two or three metres away from your dog, repeat the command then leave your dog in their fixed position for at least five seconds.” After the pause, walk back to your dog and reward them immediately at the spot where they have remained seated. “If your dog jumps on you as you approach don’t give them a treat, as this would be rewarding bad behaviour,” warns Jenn. “If your dog breaks focus at any time, simply ignore their behaviour, regain their focus and start from the beginning.” As your dog improves, move further away or leave them to sit for longer before giving a reward. Once your dog is ready, practice the command in an area with more distractions such as your local park or friend’s house. Eventually your dog will be able to obey the command without a treat, just praise, in any location.
Top Tips Training your puppy in each of these commands will have long lasting and far reaching benefits. During each training session, remember: 1.
Come into each training session with lots of patience, and plenty of rewards
Repetition is key – after all, practice makes perfect
Combine rewards with praise, so that your puppy associates praise as a positive
4. Remember to choose a quiet area, free of distractions, to conduct your training 5.
Keep your sessions short while your puppy is young
Ultimately, your dog’s underlying motivation during obedience training is pleasing you. Always give a treat and praise immediately after your dog obeys your instruction. Over time you will be able to reduce your use of treats and use praise alone to get good results.
How to avoid
Heat Stroke Summer may be on its way out but as the temperatures continue to climb into the high 20s, it’s imperative we keep our cats and dogs cool in the heat. As pet owners, heat stroke is something we should all be aware of, and learn to recognise and respond to. Here, we take a look at what heat stroke is, which pets are most at risk, and what you can do to keep your dog or cat safe this summer.
What is heat stroke? While heat stroke is more common in the warmer months of the year, it can happen at any time, and refers to a significant increase in body temperature in your pet. For dogs, this means an elevated body temperature of up to between 40.5 degrees C and 43 degrees C, and, in cats, a temperature of over 40 degrees C will require medical evaluation. Heat stroke is also known as heat stress or by it's technical name, hypothermia. The reason dogs and cats are susceptible to heat stress is because they do not respond to increases in temperature in the same way we do - for example by sweating . Most animals rely on panting and external cooling in order to keep their body temperature down and, as owners, we therefore have to be mindful of providing them with a shady, well ventilated environment with plenty of fresh drinking water. Heat stroke is primarily caused by prolonged exposure to a warm, hot or humid environment, without adequate ventilation - animals left in a car, for example, will quickly suffer heat stroke - and without access to shade or drinking water.
Unfortunately, because of the impact heat stroke can have on a dog or cat's internal organs, it can be fatal. The symptoms of heat stroke There are a couple of symptoms you can look out for that may indicate heat stress. In cats, these are: •
Restless behaviour as they seek out a cooler spot
Panting, drooling, excessive grooming and sweaty paws
Elevated rectal temperature.
Rapid pulse, vomiting, lethargy, stumbling and staggering
Red tongue and mouth
In dogs, you need to look out for: •
Dark red tongue and gums
Sticky or dry tongue
Frothing at mouth
Unwilling to get up
Vomiting and diarrhea
Little to no urine production
Which pets are most at risk? Some pets are more at risk of heat stress than others. Elderly pets, for example, or those who are on medication, are more at risk of heat stroke, as are those who have
suffered heat stroke in the past, or who have a heart condition. Pets that are overweight are more at risk, as are certain breeds - dogs with short snouts such as Pugs and Bulldogs, and cats with shortened faces such as the Persian. Finally, pets with very thick coats are more at risk unless they have a hair cut in time for summer!
How to prevent heat stroke There are plenty of things you can do to help prevent heat stroke in your pet. The first is being aware that heat stroke can affect your dog or cat, and to understand the severity. If you recognise the symptoms, make sure you seek medical help for your pet as soon as possible! Here are some other easy ways to minimise the risk to your pet this summer.
What to do if you suspect heat stroke As well seeking immediate medical help, there are a few steps you can take to help your pet if you suspect heat stroke: â&#x20AC;˘
Remove your dog or cat from the hot environment immediately and apply tepid or cool water to their fur.
To maximise their cooling, seek out a fan or use something stiff to fan their body.
1. Provide your pet with a cool, well ventilated space to inhabit. Ventilation is crucial as pets rely on panting to cool their body temperature and this evaporative cooling relies on good air flow. 2. If your pet is outdoors, ensure there is sufficient shade for them to shelter under 3. Always supply plenty of fresh, clean water - do not use icy-cold water or ice 4. Avoid exercise during periods of hot weather and during the peak hours of sun shine. 5. Minimise your pet's access to reflective surfaces such as concrete, sand and asphalt. 6. Never leave your pet in a car. 7. Be aware of the symptoms of heat stroke and take action promptly if you suspect heat stroke.
ID U G S S O FU
To Toilet Training your Puppy Any kind of toilet training can be intimidating if you don’t know what you’re doing. When’s best to start? What equipment will you need? What if you don’t have a garden? The good news is, toilet training your new puppy doesn’t have to be a stressful, messy - or indeed lengthy affair.
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Why is toilet training your puppy important? Just like a newborn baby, puppies have no control over when, or indeed where, they go to the toilet. And, just like babies, they need some guidance when it comes to learning this brand new skill – and your house rules (i.e. where it’s acceptable to go to the toilet in and around your home). Guiding your puppy from a young age is important because 1. It will allow you to trust your puppy to spend relaxing time inside the house with you and your family 2. Your puppy will quickly learn where it’s OK – and not so OK – to go to the toilet 3. Your puppy will be able to travel without soiling your car or their crate 4. You will have the confidence to take your puppy with you when you visit other homes and shops 5. Knowing that your puppy knows where to toilet correctly will alert you to potential health issues if they have an accident
When they are born, the puppies’ mum will lick them to encourage the puppy to go to the toilet... As they get older, the puppy then copies its mum by going to the toilet outside of the den.
What is the best age to toilet train your puppy? According to dog trainer at Hanrob, Rebekah Bentley, toilet training your new puppy should begin as soon as you bring your new puppy home. “The best time to start is between the ages of eight and 17 weeks,” she says. “Most puppies are introduced into their new furever home from eight weeks of age, so this coincides perfectly with the early stages of toilet training for your puppy.” According to Rebekah, puppies born into a litter will receive their very first lessons in hygiene from their mother. “When they are born, the puppies’ mum will lick them to encourage the puppy to go to the toilet, and then clean it away for them. This keeps them nice and clean. As they get older, the puppy then copies its mum by going to the toilet outside of the den. Of course, some puppies are separated from their mums and little buddies, and in this case it may take longer to train your puppy.”
How long will it take to toilet train a new puppy?
To toilet train your puppy in a home with a garden
The time it takes to train your puppy will vary and, according to Rebekah, consistency is key. “If you follow the steps in this guide, are patient and are consistent in your commands, then you should be able to toilet train your puppy by the time they are between four and six months old,” she says. “It’s good to give yourself time, so that you don’t put extra pressure on yourself or your puppy,” she adds. Of course, sometimes things take longer. If your puppy was orphaned, for example, they will not have received the early guidance from their mother or litter pups, that facilitates toilet training, but this doesn’t mean you won’t be able to train your puppy.
1. Feed your puppy at regular times and keep an eye on when they drink water. Small breeds of dogs have smaller bladders than large breeds, and will therefore need to empty their bladders more frequently. 2. Proactively take your puppy to their indoor dog toilet every half an hour to an hour, as well as immediately after playing or eating. 3. Place your dog onto the dog toilet, pointing at the toileting area and say the words “Go Toilet” or “Toilet” to your puppy when you place them on the toilet. Be careful not to play with your puppy or give them any form of attention other than saying this command whilst they are in the designated toilet spot. 4. When they do go to the toilet, immediately praise your puppy, using a gentle tone. It’s appropriate to give them a treat for successfully going to the toilet in the correct place. 5. Take your puppy off the dog toilet.
What will I need to buy to toilet train my new puppy? It pays to be prepared and you can buy everything you will need even before you bring your new puppy home. Of course, the equipment you need depends on whether you will be training your puppy to go to the toilet outside in your garden or, if you live in an apartment or home with no garden, then you will be encouraging them to toilet in your indoor doggy toilet:
6. Encourage your puppy if they show signs of sniffing the indoor dog toilet, but do not allow them to sleep on it or play with it.
If you don’t have a patch of grass outside to use as your puppy’s toilet, you will need to invest in an indoor dog toilet in order to toilet train your puppy. If you have a balcony or courtyard, you can position the toilet here, otherwise they are designed to be used indoors.
puppy toilet training equipment
1 Puppy Pad Holder
4 Stain and Odour Cleaner
2 Puppy Toilet Training Pads
5 Puppy training crate
3 Poop Scoop
6 Pet Toilet
(if puppy toilet training in a home with no garden)
To toilet train your puppy in a home with NO garden 1. Feed your puppy at regular times and keep an eye on when they drink water. Small breeds of dogs have smaller bladders than large breeds, and will therefore need to empty their bladders more frequently. 2. Proactively take your puppy to their indoor dog toilet every half an hour to an hour, as well as immediately after playing or eating. 3. Place your dog onto the dog toilet, pointing at the toileting area and say the words “Go Toilet” or “Toilet” to your puppy when you place them on the toilet. Be careful not to play with your puppy or give them any form of attention other than saying this command whilst they are in the designated toilet spot. 4. When they do go to the toilet, immediately praise your puppy, using a gentle tone. It’s appropriate to give them a treat for successfully going to the toilet in the correct place. 5. Take your puppy off the dog toilet. 6. Encourage your puppy if they show signs of sniffing the indoor dog toilet, but do not allow them to sleep on it or play with it.
How to deal with your puppy’s toilet training accidents Accidents can, and will happen, but there’s no need to be hard on yourself or your puppy! “It’s so important to deal with accidents in the right way, and don’t punish your puppy,” says Rebekah. “If you punish your puppy, it will take your puppy much longer to successfully toilet train, and the whole event will be stressful for both you and the puppy.” According to Rebekah, puppies will see the following as punishment: •
Shouting at or scaring the puppy
Rubbing the puppy’s nose in their accident (a vastly outdated method)
Correcting their behaviour after the accident, rather than at the time of the accident
“Reprimanding toileting accidents (whether they’re caught in the act or not) can create anxiety for the puppy,” says Rebekah. “The puppy may associate the
reprimand with the act of toileting, thus creating the puppy to hide from you when toileting. This can result in more accidents that you’ll find later, as the puppy may now hide from you to toilet, and not want to toilet in front of you in fear of getting reprimanded again.” Instead, Rebekah recommends the following steps when dealing with your puppy’s accidents: •
If you see your puppy have an accident, take them to the designated toilet spot – either outside in the garden or inside on a dog toilet – immediately. They may be part way through or complete, but it will still instil the message that this is the correct place to toilet.
Clean up the accident immediately, ideally using an enzymatic cleaner to eradicate all odours and ensure your puppy doesn’t think it’s OK to toilet in this place in the future.
Toilet training and leaving your puppy alone You will have to leave your dog alone at some stage during their toilet training, but this is fine so long as you’re prepared. “If you’re leaving your puppy just for an hour, then you can leave them with a puppy pad, toys and bedding, either in a crate if you’re crate training them, or in a confined area of the home such as a laundry room,” says Rebekah. “They will slowly learn to hold their bladder until you get back but you should expect accidents. If you’re going to be out of the house for longer than an hour, again you will need to leave them with a clean puppy pad or indoor pet toilet, as well as some water to keep them going until you get back.”
Final Tips 1.
Don’t forget to continue helping your puppy at night – you can set an alarm to take your puppy out to toilet up to three times per night until they’re old enough to hold it in until morning.
Uric acid crystals in dog urine can only be removed with an enzymatic cleaner so make sure you have a specially formulated cleaner to remove all traces of accidents in the early days.
Watch your pet for signals that they want to toilet – this may include sniffing, wandering off or walking in circles
4. Puppy pads are great for times when you leave your pet alone or at night. However, providing two places to go to the toilet can introduce confusion.
Guide to Pet Boarding We’d all love to be with our pets 24/7, but the reality is, sometimes we have to travel, sometimes for work, and other times for family holidays and weekend escapes. But, while increasingly hotels and accommodation are providing pet friendly options, it’s not always possible to take our dogs or cats with us –especially when we travel overseas. Words by Lizzy Fowler.
What are my pet boarding options? According to the Animal Medicines Australia 2016 Report on Pet Ownership in Australia, only 19% of dog owners and 2% of cat owners take their pet on holiday with them, leaving the vast majority in need of care for their pets. Thankfully there are a number of options available to you and there is no reason why your dog can’t be well cared for while you’re away. The most popular pet boarding options for your pet are: •
Take your pet with you
Trusted family member, friend or neighbour
In-home pet boarding
Traditional boarding (dog kennels and catteries)
Luxury Pet Hotel
If not taking their pets with them, most pet owners choose to leave their fur-babies with someone with whom they have a trusted personal relationship while they are away. This includes family (57%), friends (28%) or neighbours (15%)
Trusted Family member, friend or neighbour For short trips, trusting your pet to a neighbour or family friend can be a convenient and cost-effective means of caring for your pet and it often means your pet can stay in their home environment, with your neighbour visiting to feed, exercise and check on your pet. However, there are risks. You will need to ensure your outdoor area is secure, with no risk of escape or injury to your pet, and that your friend, family member or neighbour visits at least twice a day to feed your dog or cat and check on their welfare. Your pet will also be alone for significant periods, so should be left with enrichment toys that can be circulated while you’re away. It’s for this reason trusting your pet’s welfare to a family member, friend or neighbour should only be considered for short trips.
Pet-sitter If you don’t have a trusted friend, family-member or neighbour to care for your pet while you’re away another option is to employ a professional pet sitter. The pet sitter will visit your property on an agreed schedule, to care for your pet in the same way your family member, friend or neighbour would. Again, employing a pet sitter means your pet can stay in their home environment while you’re away, so long as dogs have access to your safe and secure outdoor area.
However, trusting your pet to a pet sitter carries the same risks as asking your family member, friend or neighbour to care for them in that your pet will spend significant portions of the day alone, whilst also opening up your home to a stranger. Ideally, you want to look for someone who has been recommended to your by a friend or colleague. Always check their reviews on Google, for example, and ensure your pet sitter has been police checked. To guard against boredom, leave your dog or cat with enrichment toys that can be circulated while you’re away and ensure any food is locked away, well out of reach from curious paws.
In-home pet boarding Another option is to book your pet in to stay at a petsitter’s home, or book a pet sitter to stay in your own home whilst you’re away. In this way, your dog will have more company and will have someone on hand in case anything goes wrong.
Traditional Pet Boarding Kennels and catteries are designed to offer your pet a safe and secure environment during times they can’t be housed at home and there are a number of advantages. Traditional kennels offer plenty of socialisation both with people and other dogs while you’re away. Typically located on acreage, kennels will have many outdoor and indoor yards for your dog to play in safely with other dogs where
appropriate, and are staffed throughout the day, meaning your dog has access to loving care around the clock, with no means of escape. Plus, if anything happens to your pet while you’re away, there is a trained professional on hand to tend to your pet. Traditional dopet boarding facilities also employ staff who are experienced and trained in companion animal handling and safety, which your typical pet sitter, family member, friend or neighbour is not (unless you’re lucky enough to be related to a vet!). For this reason, kennels are able to offer specialist care, for example to aged care pets and those requiring medication and a little extra TLC.
Luxury Pet Hotels Luxury pet accommodation has become increasingly popular in the last few years, with many pet owners choosing to accommodate their dog, cat or pet family in luxury suites when they have to travel. Choosing a Pet Hotel means you have the benefits of a kennel – with qualified staff and plenty of socialisation for your dog – whilst also affording your dog a luxurious homestyle environment to stay in while you’re away. Typically, pet hotels will also offer added luxuries, such as grooming, pet postcards and additional daily exercise for your dog.
How do I choose the best pet boarding option for my pet?
Questions to ask your pet sitter If you’ve decided to find a pet sitter to care for your fur-baby, it’s important you ask a few important questions:
1 Have you been police vetted?
Don’t give access to your property or your pet without a police check.
It’s important to consider a number of factors before settling on which pet boarding option is right for you:
How long will you be away?
For short trips, you may be able to trust your pet care to a neighbour, friend or relative, but for longer trips you need to ensure your pet has sufficient company and interaction with other people and pets.
Consider your pet’s individual needs
Does your pet like (and need) lots of activity? Are they likely to try and escape your yard if they’re not engaged on a daily basis? Do they have special requirements such as a feeding schedule or medication?
Do you get on with my pet?
Do you have references?
Before you go away, give them a trial! Your dog may not like your chosen pet sitter as much as you do! If your pet sitter hasn’t been recommended to you, ensure you ask for at least two references and give them a call to check them out!
4 What will you do in an emergency?
Make sure your pet sitter is connected with your local vet and knows exactly what to do if anything goes wrong.
Questions to ask your pet hotel You’re going to book your pet in to a pet hotel. Before you decide on your pet’s hotel, ensure you ask the following questions:
1 How much supervision will my pet receive?
Most kennels and catteries should provide consistent care for your pet throughout the daylight hours, and settle pets overnight for their sleep
2 How much space is there for my pet to exercise and to rest?
Most kennels and pet hotels will have many indoor and outdoor yards, ideally grassy, which your dog will be able to play in with other dogs at certain times during the day. Depending on the size and breed of your dog, you also want to ensure the accommodation they sleep and rest
in is sufficient. Catteries should have a spacious, well ventilated play area with interactive toys and scratching posts for your cat to enjoy, as well as quiet, comfortable areas to sleep.
3 Is veterinary care readily available and what happens if something goes wrong?
You want to ensure your pet has access to veterinary care and that you or an emergency contact will be informed if anything does go wrong.
4 How sanitary is the facility?
If you can’t visit the kennel or pet hotel for a tour, make sure you ask about cleanliness regimes and vaccination requirements. All kennels should require pets to be fully vaccinated in order to board.
Of course, no matter what option you choose for pet boarding, ensure you leave your contact details – as well as your regular veterinarian’s details and those of an emergency contact who can be trusted if you’re unable to be contacted – to ensure your peace of mind while you’re away. Ultimately, no matter what you choose, everyone’s priority will be to keep your pet happy and healthy when you’re not there to care for them.
The Pawfect Running Partner
Kylie McCorquodale discovers four legs are better than two when it comes to running partners: with your dog, there is no waiting around for late arrivals, they never complain of the route or the weather and allow you to set the pace and distance.
Just the mere mention of the word ‘run’ or the lacing up of joggers causes a flurry of furry pandemonium in our household. Not only is ‘Jaws’ the Shih Tzu keenly attuned to the queues of running, he is seriously the most motivated running partner a best friend could have! Yes, I know, a black and white ball of fluff doesn’t exactly conjure up the ideal running partner, but like anything in life, with practice, perseverance and consistency almost any dog can offer you running company. So, how exactly can your furry friend be your best training partner?
1 Consider your pooch’s physical maturity for running
Just like you should check with your doctor prior to starting an exercise regime, so too should your dog. Generally, a dog’s bone growth plates should be closed before it starts regular rigorous activity. Some breeds mature more slowly than others. For example, large breeds like Great Danes may need up to 2 years before undergoing a routine running regime. While finer boned dogs like Whippets may be ready to run regularly at eight months. Conversely, older dogs may need to reduce their running load, have longer walk breaks and plenty of recovery time. Be safe and check with your vet.
2 Know your dog’s limitations
It didn’t take me long to workout that Jaws was more of a sprinter than an endurance runner. Given his small breed, this seems rather obvious, but it was made more so when we hit the 2.5km mark of our run where he plopped his hind to the ground and wouldn’t budge. Needless to say, I got a bonus arm workout having to carry him back! While you can slowly build up to longer distances, just like humans, not all dogs were meant for long distance running. Short leg dogs, especially those that may have breathing difficulties such as bulldogs or pugs may need regular rest breaks. Choose the types of runs you take your dog on to maximise both of your strengths.
4 What’s good for you is good for your dog
All the advice you get when starting a run program applies to your dog too! Ease into running with your dog by initially alternating running and walking. You can gradually build the running component while reducing the walking part. Eventually working your way to a three complete 20-minute runs per week. Two to three weeks of doing this will set you up for increasing the distance. Remember, try to avoid sudden increases in distance or volume of running, sticking to the rule of 10 percent ‘extra’ mileage per week. Just like you, rest days are also important. It gives your dogs body time to recover and repair muscle.
5 Get the right equipment
3 Doggy running etiquette
Your dog should be ‘well behaved’ when out and about to ensure safety for the both of you. Your best friend needs to be able to walk before he runs. It’s important that your dog responds well to basic training cues and commands. Your dog should be able to walk beside you without tugging forward or dashing away and be able to stop and wait by your side upon command. Remember that when you’re running you only have one foot on the ground at a time, so your balance can be compromised further with a tugging dog. Also, a walking warm-up is often a good idea to get the inevitable ‘toilet stop’ out of the way!
A good collar and suitable lead are important for your dog’s comfort while running. Definitely avoid retractable leads for running as this sends the wrong message to your dog and can be a safety issue for you both. Speaking of safety, reflective gear is always a bonus! A regular collar is fine, but just like there are specialised running shoes, there are also run specific collars or harnesses that can offer less chafing for your furry friend, especially for long runs. You also don’t want a collar that will tighten as you run, so steer clear of slip, choke or prong collars. Everyone knows dogs love to run. Their unwavering excitement and wondrous ability to lap up the world through running is motivation enough for you to get moving. Not to mention the guilt trip they lay on you with those expectant eyes as you laze on the couch! The benefits of regular running for your dog are similar to those for you with maintenance of a healthy weight, improved muscle tone and a strong cardiovascular system. Plus, you get to share the ‘runner’s high’ with your furry friend, with the bonus of improved mental health for you both. We have reaped the benefit with Jaws releasing his energy with regular runs, he is far less likely to vent his energy in destructive ways, that is, our shoes and sofa cushions are now safe!
Essential running tips to remember! We all need water – ensure your running route has a water stop or teach your dog to drink from a bottle (it’s a cool trick anyways!)
Be wary of hot pavements – their paws are resilient but sensitive Park Run encourages dog runners – try for a PB
Check their paws for grass seeds after a run – these can become painful cysts Stay alert – keep an eye on your dog’s behaviour and condition during running
Pet friendly e From festivals to expos, charity fundraisers and doggy days out – there’s plenty of opportunity in the year ahead to get out and about with your canine companion.
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ur choose between yo ’t on D ? ch oo p r ou p spot for you and y run down of our to r ou s e’ er H ! h ot Looking for a brunch b ave ! t friend – you can h es b r u yo d an o kk sbane and Canberra bre ri B e, rn ou b el M , in Sydney dog-friendly cafes
1. ATTICUS FINCH CAFÉ – This café offers good company,
good food & even better coffee. That’s as good as it can get, right? Wrong! This coffee not only is pet-friendly they have taken it a step further and even created a puppy model search. So, look for further, you and pooch will be nothing be appreciated it. You can find this puppy haven at Shop 2 83 Latrobe Terrace, Paddington. Open every day!
2. GOODNESS GRACIOUS – Goodness gracious me how
have I never been here before!?! You’ll ask yourself after your first visit. While you’re inside upsizing your breakfast (Yes, that’s a real service they offer) your pup will be making millions of friends in their pooch parking area. And they’ve thought of everything with the area being decked out with water bowls and hooks for your lead. You can find this wonderful café at 250 Oxley Road, Graceville.
3. BROWN DOG CAFÉ – if the name didn’t give it away,
the friendly welcoming you’ll receive when you and your pooch rock up will seal the deal. With outdoor sitting on astro turf you and your dog will feel at home. They offer a great selection from breakfast and lunch to cold beverages and coffee. You can find them at 54 Logan Rd, Woolloongabba.
4. TODD & PUP – Hidden in the leafy streets of Moorooka,
you can find this spacious café with an outside deck perfect your yourself but more importantly your pup. While you sip on a hot coffee, your pup will be able to enjoy the all the pats in the world! Check them out at 398 Tarragindi Rd, Moorooka.
5. OUR HAUS CAFÉ – When you come to Haus Café
for brunch don’t worry about making sure your pup is fed beforehand, they’ve got delicious meaty treats and pupachinos waiting to go! And if that doesn’t seal the deal their human food is spectacular as well. Your pup can enjoy the love at 95 Riding Rd, Hawthorne.
1. MILLHOUSE CAFÉ – You can pop in and find this café at 57 Collet Street Queanbeyan. It may be a little drive from Canberra but most tables are located within the large garden area, giving your pooch more than enough room to lounge around and have a sniff! They offer a great breakfast and lunch for those humans who also enjoy a nice brunch in the garden!
2. THE KNOX - this groovy café can be found at Shop 1 13
Watson Place Canberra, is known by the locals as a dog hot spot. They’re open for breakfast and lunch every day. They will love your pooch almost as much as they love delivering healthy fresh food to all their beloved customers.
3. WILBUR’S CAFÉ - when you and your pooch arrive at 14
Hackett Pl Canberra you’ll feel the vibe that your pet is not being tolerated but welcomed with open arms. The owners love their own pooch so much they named the café after him! You can enjoy breakfast through to dinner while your pooch enjoys nothing but pats, love & a nap. What a winning combo!
4. THE DECK AT REGATTA POINT – if the fantastic views of the Lake Burley Griffin aren’t enough to get you to visit this café. Maybe the knowledge that they will happily provide dog water for your pooch after a big day of walking and exploring. You’ll find this café at Barrine Drive, Parkes.
5. EAT ME DRINK ME – it has the perfect set up for you and pooch. It’s located Shop 1, Kaleen Plaza, Georgina Cres, Kaleen. You can enjoy your perfect coffee and a little treat while your pooch can enjoy the comfy couches. Your little pooch may even look the café more than you after it makes so many new furry friends! w
1. PATCH CAFÉ - can be found in Richmond at 32 Bendigo
Street 3121 VIC. If you’re looking for a paleo option that doesn’t compromise on taste you’ve come to the right place. And they would love to for you to enjoy their guilt goodness with your pooch being welcomed just as much as you!
2. PRISCILLA JONES – You’ll find this delightful café at 21
Graham Street, Albert Park. This café is your one stop shop for everything from Big Breakfast to luscious lunches, but don’t forget to involve your four-legged bestie, because it’s not a real brunch without them! Priscilla Jones serves house made doggy treats for $2.50 and puppycinos for $3.
3. THE PALACE HOTEL - you can find this doggy haven at 505 City Road South Melbourne. It’s the perfect spot for a late lunch on a nice Sunday arvo. With a great friendly pub vibe, your dog will feel right at home in the beer garden. Especially, thanks to the resident pooch called Billy the Staffy who loves making new friends.
4. LEROY’S - is the perfect café for your whole family, and yes that includes your fur baby! They actively welcome young families and their four-legged friends, rather than just putting up with them. You will find this gem at 5 Mason street Newport 3015 and if you venture out the back you’ll see why it’s built for kids and dogs. There is a sandpit, blackboard and playground just waiting to be explored!
5. DISH & SPOON - when the sun is shining head out to the
courtyard or the selection of outdoor tables near the front of the café. And you may be pleasantly surprised by the furry-tailed, very friendly & pat loving creatures that may be hanging around to brighten your morning with the irresistible magic of puppy love. But why leave it up to chance, bring your own puppy to guarantee a good time! You can find this café at 122 Highfield Road, Camberwell
1. THE GROUNDS OF ALEXANDRIA CAFÉ – You’ll find
this marvellous wonderland at 7A 2 Huntley Street Alexandria 2015. Open every day, your pet won’t feel like they’re the only fourlegged animal in the room as The Grounds offers a selection of farm animals including everyone’s favourite pig, Kevin Bacon.
2. SKIPTON’S CAFÉ - can be found at 541 High Street, Penrith.
Skipton’s offers food and drink to suit all tastebuds and appetite’s. This café is perfect for your pooch as it has a lovely outside courtyard with a bowl of water and some treats.
3. STOREHOUSE ON THE PARK - 100 Bayswater Rd,
Rushcutters Bay NSW 2011. They’re taken pet friendly to a new level with a Dogstation Menu. This menu includes items such as puppycinos, Pawtein balls and Sesame Pup Wafers. The menu was designed by an animal nutritionist Anna Felton so you know the food is nothing but yummy and healthy for your pup! And don’t worry, they have a delightful menu for humans too!
4. THE REVOLUTION CAFÉ COMO - This hidden little gem found in the Shire, in Como at 72 Wolger St, Como 2226. This beautiful café offers a delish menu catering to dietary requirement with paleo muffins, gluten free and vegetarian options it’s got something for everyone! With a lovely outdoor area with enough room for you and your pooch with bowls filled with cold water to refresh your pooch and hot roasted coffee for you!
5. DACHSHUND COFFEE – every day 64-66 Gladesville Road Hunters Hill 2110. If the name doesn’t give it away that they love dogs their maxim ‘Come, sit, stay’ will confirm any doubts. Their menu is seasonal but their love for wholefoods never changes. They use local suppliers like egganic eggs and Brickfields Bakery to ensure top quality food. With outdoor sitting area perfect for you and your pup to enjoy a Sunday brunch!
Signs your dog is
HAPPY 0 1
+ expert tips to boost their mood! 1 She eats well
Much like humans, a happy, healthy dog tends to have a healthy, consistent appetite. “A drop inappetite is a definite sign something is up with your dog,” says Rebekah Bentley, dog trainer at Hanrob Dog Training Academy who, with daily one-on-one training lessons is fluent when it comes to speaking canine. “You should alsobe alert if your dog experiences a sudden increase in appetite, as this can also indicate disease,” she adds.
2 She’s happy socialising “Happy dogs will enjoy socialising -both with humans and other dogs,” says Rebekah. If they’re happy and confident, they will enjoy walk time, playtime and engaging with other dogs. At Hanrob Dog Training Academy we work with a lot of dogs who may be shy around other dogs, and it’s incredible to see the impact this skill can have the dog’s overall happiness -not to mentionits owner’s!”
She doesn’t dig up the garden (or any other destructive behaviour)
According to Rebekah, happy dogs are unlikely to destroy your home. “Excessive chewing and other unwanted behaviour can be a sign of stress and boredom,” she explains. “If your dog isn’t getting enough stimulation or interaction with other humans and dogs, or if they are suffering from separation anxiety, then your home may suffer. This is one of the reasons doggy daycare is becoming increasingly popular. You can also easily add mental stimulation to your dog’s day with some simple enrichment tools.”
4 She’s excited when you get home “Happy dogs will enjoy socialising -both with humans and other dogs,” says Rebekah. If they’re happy and confident, theywill enjoy walk time, playtime and engaging with other dogs. At Hanrob Dog Training Academy we work with a lot of dogs who may be shy around other dogs, and it’s incredible to see the impact this skill can have the dog’s overall happiness -not to mentionits owner’s!”if your dog experiences a sudden increase in appetite, as this can also indicate disease,” she adds.
5 She has ‘puppy-dog’ eyes
“While narrowed eyes may suggest aggression and wide eyes fear, relaxed eyes and eyelids, with a soft gaze indicates a happy dog,” says Rebekah.
6 Her ears, body and mouth are relaxed
Just like a human, if you’re unhappy, you’re ususally tense. “If a dog is tense or stiff in their body, it usually indicates they are uncomfortable in some way,” says Rebekah. “A loose body with an open, relaxed mouth and loose floppy ears generally suggests a happy, healthy dog.”
She uses her whole
7 body when she wags her tail
“When a dog is checking out a new environment, or on high alert, they will wag their tail, but in this situation it’s usually stiff and the body won’t move,” says Rebekah. “When your dog uses their whole body to wag their tail, then you know they’re telling you they’re happy and relaxed.”
8 You’re jealous of her hair
“Happy, healthy dogs tend to have a shiny coat,” says Rebekah. “On the other hand, if your dog is stressed, they may shed their fur excessively.”
She’s a good sleeper 9 (and sometimes sticks her tongue out!)
“Happy dogs sleep heaps,” says Rebekah. “They will sleep for around 16 hours a day. If your dog isn’t sleeping that much or is finding it hard to sleep, they could be distressed. A happy dog will also tend to let his tongue roll out of the mouth during a good sleep - a sure sign your dog is truly relaxed and happy!”
She has a high pitched
According to Rebekah, you can tell a lot about your dog’s state of mind by their bark. “If the bark is short lived and high pitched it tends to indicate a happy dog,” she says. “If your dog is agitated, the barking would tend to be longer, and lower. Of course, you need to weigh this up with all the other signals your dog is giving you, rather than judging the bark alone!”
10 signs your dog is happy: 1.
She eats well
2. She’s happy socialising 3. She doesn’t dig up the garden (or any other destructive behaviour) 4. She’s excited when you get home 5. She has ‘puppy-dog’ eyes 6. Her ears, body and mouth are relaxed 7. She uses her whole body when she wags her tail 8. You’re jealous of her hair 9. She’s a good sleeper (and sometimes sticks her tongue out!) 10. She has a high pitched bark 3 ways to ensure you have a happy dog: 1.
Commit to ongoing dog training
2. Provide your dog with enrichment 3. Enrol your dog in daycare
How to boost the mood of your Dog 1. Commit to ongoing dog training “At Hanrob Dog Training Academy we believe that a well trained dog is a happier dog,” says Rebekah. “It makes perfect sense that a well trained dog has fewer restrictions imposed on him, and enjoys interacting with more people and other dogs than a dog who isn’t trained and can’t be allowed to socialise. “New dog owners need to realise their commitment to the ongoing training of their dog and, after puppy school, invest in ongoing obedience classes, to reinforce good behaviour and provide mental stimulation to the dog,” she adds. “Many dog owners have good intentions, but lack the dog handling experience to enforce good training. In this scenario, regular training also gives the dog owner confidence in what they’re doing.”
2. Provide enrichment “Enrichment provides mental stimulation to a dog and guards against boredom and destructive behaviours,” explains Rebekah. “It’s more than simply taking them for a walk each day - it’s about giving them something new to discover or play with.” An easy way to enrich your dog’s environment is to give them different toys to play with each day, reintroducing them five days later and offering others in between. “By using different
shapes, textures and colours you can ensure your dog is engaged and that they don’t lose interest in their toys after just a few days.”
3. Enrol them in daycare According to Rebekah, some dogs simply don’t like being alone, which many are during the working week. “Research shows dogs can spend up to half an hour howling after we leave the house and up to several hours pacing up and down,” she says. “This is exactly why daycarehas become popular - we work longer hours, so it makes sense to offer our dogs some form of socialisation when we’re out of the house, rather than leave them to fend for themselves.” Rebekah recommends looking for a daycare that is not only convenient, but which has outdoor, grassy play areas for your dog to enjoy each day, and which matches dogs according to their breed, size and temperment. “Just like Hanrob Doggy Daycare Centres, most daycare centres should asses your dog’s behaviour on the first day, before allowing them to interact with the other daycare dogs.”
Living in Apartments with Pets Relaxed rules means it’s getting easier for us to live in apartments alongside our fur-babies, but that doesn’t mean it’s always easy. Dog trainer and author Dr Melissa Starling looks at some of the considerations when apartment living with pets.
Top tips for living in apartments with pets • • • •
Check your strata rules before purchasing an apartment or the rules for renting before purchasing a pet Select a pet that suits your apartment living, paying attention to breed and personality Iron out behavioural problems such as barking with the support of a professional dog trainer Provide daily enrichment for your dog or research local daycare facilities for their mental stimulation
Find the right fit
Top Dogs for Apartment Living
Choosing the right breed for apartment living is critical. Firstly - the physical size of your dog will dictate how easily you can transport your pet in and out of your apartment – up and down stairs or into lifts. Stairs can be difficult, for example, for breeds with long bodies and short legs. The breed of dog will also dictate its exercise requirements. Apartments are small spaces where it is difficult to play boisterous and active games with dogs. As such, they will need to go out at least once a day to somewhere they can run safely off leash, and be taken for walks. Some breeds were bred to be active for most of the day, like hunting, gundog, herding breeds and sledding breeds, and therefore are simply not suited to predominantly indoor life. When choosing a dog for apartment life it’s important to realise that there are always exceptions within breeds. Some individuals are very laid back and tolerant and others are alert spitfires. So once you have settled on a breed, you may wish to look for an adult that is already showing their adult personality, or find a breeder you trust to select a suitable puppy from a litter. If you wish to adopt a dog, go through a rescue organisation that allows a generous settling in period during which you can return the dog if they turn out to be unhappy in an apartment environment.
• • • • • • •
Bulldog Boston Terrier Bichon Frise Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Chihuahua Dachshund French Bulldog
• • • • • • •
Greyhound Maltese Poodle Pomeranian Pug Shih Tzu Silky Terriers
Be a good neighbour
Good relations between you and your neighbours won’t last long if your dog is noisy or disruptive, so it’s worth remembering that dogs are very much like people: we deeply hate to be bored, and so do animals. If they can’t find things to engage them around the apartment, they will make their own fun - think chewing furniture, breaking into kitchen cupboards or counter-surfing for food, barking at everything they happen to notice and digging at the carpet. Of course, when living in an apartment, behaviours such as these – especially barking – are much less tolerable to neighbours because more people will be impacted by it. To guard against this disruptive behaviour, it’s important to provide your dog with mental stimulation throughout the day. An easy way to do this is to leave food puzzle toys for your dog while you’re at work, or create scent trails around the apartment with goodies hidden at the end. Rotate the toys you leave out for your dog each day, to ensure they have something new to explore, and consider your local doggy daycare centre, which will offer a stimulating mix of social playtime, puzzle time and rest time to keep them engaged throughout the day.
N A D TRIE
D E T S E T D
We all know dogs need exercise, but what about mental stimulation? Your dog actually needs physical and mental stimulation at home, to ensure they are happy and have a healthy, balanced lifestyle, full of enrichment. Failing to stimulate their mind can result in your dog becoming bored, destructive, noisy and excitable. Fortunately, these days there is a wide range of interactive products on the market designed to stimulate your dog’s mind – and we’re not just talking squeaky toys. Interactive toys make your dog work for rewards and are ideal if your dog is left home alone for long periods of time. Resident product tester, Erik, enjoyed testing out a few of the products currently available.
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It’s not just dogs who benefit from mental stimulation – cats do too. Play to their natural instincts and invest in one of these two cat toys!
Kmart Action $9.00 Teaser Cat Toy
A battery operated, rotating teaser toy with random speed modes to stimulate your cat to play and catch.
Kong Cat Wobbler
Designed for indoor cats, this toy makes play time rewarding by dispensing small treats when your cat interacts with It.
Putting Pets First
With more and more of us owning pets, the responsibility to learn pet first aid and improve outcomes in an emergency is on us. Educator and breeder, Kylie Gilbert, reports. We all love our pets, and diligently take them for their annual check ups and injections, administer flea and tick prevention whilst paying insurance to guard against accidents and illness. But what if something happened – an allergic reaction, or choking, for example – and we didn’t know what to do to help our loved one? Other than call a vet or animal hospital and wait agonisingly for assistance, we’d be powerless to help our furry friend in a real-life emergency.
It’s a chilling scenario, but one that presents itself to a surprising number of Australian pet owners each year – owners who may be presented with emergencies in which companion animals stop breathing or suffer trauma and who may lack the basic knowledge that allows them to improve their pet’s outcome. In 2016, for example, as many as 20% of Australian dog owners and 19% of cat owners report taking their pet to the vet for an emergency accident or illness – and with a dog population of 4.8 million and a cat population hitting 3.9 million that same year, well, you can work out the numbers.
Enter pet first aid
For those working in the animal industry as veterinary nurses or kennel and shelter staff, a knowledge of basic pet first aid has become an expectation, and can mean the difference between life and death for the pets entrusted into others’ care. But what about in your own home? Would you know what to do to control bleeding while you sought veterinary attention or if your puppy ingested something that it shouldn’t have and began to choke?
What is Pet First Aid?
Just as it can refer to humans, first aid for pets refers to the immediate care given to a pet who has been injured or is suddenly taken ill. And, with more than 24 million pets in Australia today, there’s never been more need for responsible pet owners to equip themselves with the skills and knowledge they need to recognise an emergency and to stabilise an animal in order to safely get it to a vet for medical treatment. As with anything in life, it pays to be prepared and preparing for a medical emergency involving your pet is always best accomplished before the event takes place. Pet first aid, like human first aid, is not about medical diagnosis or treatment - it is about being able to make an animal comfortable and identifying signs of a potential emergency whilst keeping yourself safe. Simply having this extra level of knowledge allows you to stay calm and in control, which minimises stress in the injured animal. Animals sense when we are stressed and may get increasingly agitated if we are not able to take control of a situation. Of course, in an emergency situation every moment is critical so if you can start first aid before you get to the vets it can really help.
Fortunately, an increasing number of providers now offer Pet First Aid courses that will afford you confidence when it comes to dealing with an emergency situation. When researching your provider, ensure your course is both certified and provided by a trusted educator. Registered Training Academy Hanrob Training Academy have recently launched a Pet First Aid course perfect for pet professionals and owners and, delivered online, you’ll be able to complete the course in your own time and at your own pace with a certificate of attainment on completion. Of course, the most rewarding outcome will be peace of mind your pet will be in safe hands if an emergency does ever take place.
WHAT TO DO IN AN
Primary Survey and Resuscitation The primary survey is the first impression the first aid provider has of the situation, and the immediate action that is taken. A well-informed owner will be able to make a quick assessment of the scene and a quick examination of the victim. Secondary Survey and Definitive First Aid The secondary survey consists of an examination and assessment of the animal’s eyes, ears, nose, neck, chest, abdomen, back, extremities and rectal temperature and the procedures to stabilise and protect the animal from further harm. Transport Many emergencies will require professional help. Knowledge of the proper way to transport the pet to a veterinary medical facility for professional care can prevent further injury, protect the owner from dangerous situations and allow for timely care. Muzzling When attending a dog that has been injured, it is important that the first aid provider takes steps to prevent bite wounds inflicted by the animal being treated. Many dogs, even the family pet, may bite when hurt or frightened. A muzzle is an excellent way to prevent being bitten while rendering first aid.
Preparedness Phone Numbers
In a convenient location, make a list of important phone numbers that includes the phone numbers of the following:
Basic Pet First Aid Kit Emergency supplies are a necessity. The following list will help you assemble the resources you need. • 1” And 2” Adhesive Tape • 2” Roll Gauze (For Muzzle) • Newspaper • Rectal Thermometer • Chlorhexidine Or Povidone Iodine (Antiseptic) • Elizabethan Collar • Eye Wash (Saline In A Squirt Bottle) • Isopropyl Alcohol 3% Hydrogen Peroxide • 2” And 4” Gauze • 3” X 3” Or 4” X 4” Gauze Pads • Scissors - Cotton Balls And Pledgets • Blanket With Heat Pack
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• Flat Transport Surface • Plastic Food Wrap (E.g., SaranWrap) • Petroleum Or K-Y Jelly • Ice Pack • Activated Charcoal • Tweezers • Bulb Syringe
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