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XL scale territorial

samaritana_04 creativity incubator for starters

1.2km

1.2km

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2.0km 1.7km 1.2km

1.8km

2.0km 1.7km 1.2km

1.8km

1.2km

1.2km 1.0km 3.1km

4.0km

1.5km

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2.4km

1.6km existing metro stops existing train stops new train stop Samaritana Factory

Lisbon looks like a brain x-ray. Terrain elevation analysis. Valley Chelas marked to vusiualise tectonic diversity.

existing metro stops existing train stops new train stop Samaritana Factory

Rapid public transport analysis. Neccesity in providing new train stop to minimise irregularity of distances between stops and providing connection to new focal point which is Samaritana.

New trains stop has been design and balance in distances restored.

Now: Areas of geological pits, water containers in flood case. Water imprisoned, in case of overfill unpredicted spill.

Design: Water pits connection with ditches to control the water flow. Cascade system with absorptive ground to let the water irrigate.

Geology.

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History. Factory Samaritana used to be a cutting edge technology cotton wiring manufacture. Established by Scot Mr Black, was one of few with two steam engines and two majestic chimneys stating importance of the industry. Fires has burnt buildings twice, giving the factory the name of survivor. Inspired by the factory, Abel Bothelo located his novel plot here.

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Valley Chelas is one of the two ecological corridors of Lisbon. It is an important greenery chain leading from the highest parts /120 AMSL / to Tagus River, providing fresh air droughts, greenery and wild animals accessibility. Few times a year intensive rain flows the Valley causing temporary river. Flow of the water is improved by chain river and lake-mix solution proposed by geologists. Moreover, the tunnel in rail bridge is designed to ease the water flow.

Time to get to Samaritana Factory from different places in Lisbon. In minutes.

Pragmatic evolution. Continuous changes had been applied gradually. Extension doubled area. New business approach reasoned social workers houses and rental properties. Used to be one of the best prospering factories in Lisbon at the time. There was an idea to extend factory vertically with two levels but never happened. Borders. Natural borders put massive impact on connections. As Valley is articulated strongly, extreme dips create unmovable borders. Lack of road continuity is observed. Cementary is another function unmovable border which stopped city development in the direction.

IN S

Services analysis: lack of activities in the center of the Valley. Potential for new services marked with saturated circles.

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Now: Borders and discontinuities.

Design: Street connection and train stop added. car

TR A

TOP

NE W

pedestrian

Paweł Unger


evolution stages 01 1854 - 1877

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03

1877 - 1947

04

1947 - now

design

horizontal evolution

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0 10

50m

50m

Intensive development stage. Doubbling factory with second steam engine and another majestic chimney. New water sources built. Creating socal district for workers. Providing rail system.

0 10

50m

0 10

New industry businesses moved in surrounding. Samaritana is slowly getting into ruin to become a waste with one metal company inside.

50m

Future design has to answer deep analytic research to combine accessible and attractive complex. Rethink stage.

function

vertical evolution

Xabregas wiring factory established near Convento de Xabregas

0 10

wiring company

small businesses

mixed use

activity graph

wiring company

2018 1854

1877

1888

1934

1854 wiring factory established

1934 owner change to “South Textile Company, LTD” 1877 first fire, second chimney installed, 531 workers 1947 second fire, small businesses moved in 1888 social district opened, 66% of children working process of negligence 1890 Poet Abel Bothelo placed his novel in Samaritana

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1947

future

L scale surrounding historical value analysis

Evolutionary approach.

pedestrain activity analysis

pedestrain activity prediction

Process of the factory’s growth is strongly visible. Next step is to preserve not only the physical expression of the structure but evolutionary character of the function and architecture as well. Idea approaches ruin state as the step of transformation, not useless destruction. Necessity for vibrant focal point in the surrounding has been considered. New proposal is based on mixed-use program. After 1947’s the second fire has demolished entire factory. Small businesses moved into Samaritana. Samaritana 04 wants to welcome micro companies, artists, adventure enthusiasts, small services of any kind and activities to grow and develop here as it has already started in ‘47. high medium

0 10

low

50m

All the high historical importance buildings has to be preserved.

public transport design

analysis and proposals

public transport now

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bus stops

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train stops

0 10

50m

Area is well communicated with buses but there is lack of rapid transport system connection like train or metro.

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bus stops

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train stops

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50m

border There is just one access gate to the site.

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0 10

50m

new connection border

50m

before

high medium

Erase of no value buildings which were disconnecting site of intervention. 6 new connections created.

50m

50m

greenery

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greenery and water absorption ability design

50m

There is basically no greenery. If there is the quality is poor. Surface is mostly paved - low ground absorption.

new greenery

culture/education business housing waste

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50m

New greenery places created to provide psychological factor and functional - water soaking ground abilities.

usage analysis

0 10

0 10

low design prediction

accessibility

connection connection

0 10

low

greenery and water absorption ability now

Area is well comunicated with buses but there is lack of rapid transport system connection like train or metro.

accessibility

high medium

usage analysis

0 10

50m

Samaritana is placed between art school on the north-west side and Theather Iberico on the south-east side.

culture/education/service business housing waste

0 10

50m

Samaritana is placed between art school on the north-west side and Theather Iberico on the south-east side.

Paweł Unger


L scale surrounding

masterplan 3

0

30m

Paweł Unger


M scale architecture Possibility for the real mixed use.

The common space challange.

Business strategy is based on designing cubes of volume with construction and all the equipment with media and pipings included - excluding walls, floor, roofing. Investor is obliged to describe type of business he is planning to erect and amount of boxes to buy. Administration of the building is approving the submission if they meet demand and buyer commisions another architect to design interior and elevation. Effect? Democratic and diversed choice of program inside the building. Mixed aesthetic of the building. Style-less or style-full architecture? Vibrant for sure.

Concept can work only when common space as public, semi public and shared space is interesting, diversed and practical. Corridors, interior streets, interior plaza, stairs has to be multi use thought. Exposition of elevation is important to let the true eclectism outburst - or coherency design miracle if Co-Design workshop will state so. Respectfully new architecture does not fight with exterior walls of Samaritana, but interior is another approach. Typology of circulation has to be varied and multi-use as possible inspiration for the program to be introduced.

Co-Design.

Spaces.

While boxes are sold, workshops for architects will be set to provide sort of conversation. The output of Collective-Design workshop is unpredictable and approach is experimental. Agreement on debate or disagreement are both accepted and compatible with the idea. It is exceptional and rare for architect to work in such a minimum proximity to the neighbour architect (0.00m distance). Sometimes architects share one wall.

Samaritana is a XIXth century architecture. Sense of regularity and modularity is dominating. To preserve modularity the structure is modular as well. 6x5m rectangular grid has been applied. It gives ease of construction and emphasize industrial fashion. Space diversity has been challanged. Opened, closed, terrace, moving elevator platform.

OUTSIDE functions

MIDDLE functions

INSIDE functions

all together

OUTSIDE functions

1st type: directional and rational stairs

2nd type: cascade stairs with different size terraces

3rd type: atrium-like, circural stairs with leisure micro interiors

Construction made from steel beams, pillars and cantilevers

Circulation implementation

matching construction with communication

all together

ANSPORT T Y TR A L BU K R L E A RN

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ART N AI FOCUS D P EE

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K FOCU

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Uncontrolled architectural style by various architects who create authentic image of Samaritana.

O U T MI I NS

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E EAT RE D I L E E XE L A RC S D D DE W I I

PEOPLE ENT E EE T R T M HE A L R ACH EA TE

to provide a vibrant circulation typology

direct translation of old modular to new modular architecture

creating passage from cental square to the merchant street

optimising sun exposition

adding connections

As shown in historical evolution, the internal wall used to be external before extention of Factory. Similarly, in Roman Theatres they build “exterior” facade as the scene background. This was inspiration for providing performative arts into hearth of Samaritana. Once the performance start, terraces are converted into audience with good visibility towards scene. As music is absolute, everybody inside Samaritana’s public space become spectators.

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Paweł Unger


M scale architecture

east elevation 1:200

section A-A 1:200 N B 42

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1

A

3D View 8

floor plan 00 1:200

UP

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A

floor plan 01 1:200

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A

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B

floor plan 02 1:200

Paweł Unger


M scale architecture

1:500

north elevation

south elevation

west elevation

section B-B

B

A

A

floor plan 04 1:200

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A

B

floor plan 03 1:200 roof 1:200

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Paweł Unger


Perspective from the 4th floor terrace.

S scale detail Project in numbers: 50 rental sapaces: 00 floor 1110 m2 01 floor 780 m2 02 floor 690 m2 03 floor 210 m2 total rental area: 2790 m2 steel construction 1:20 connection between old and new

No intervention in the old structure has been designed. Respectful structure works as a box in the box logic.

piping

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Each column is equipped in all the media needed for a service building. Water, electricity, sanitary piping and Internet light cable is easily accessible for each of box space to develop.

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The diversity of volumes and circulation.

Paweł Unger

Samaritana 04 by Paweł Unger  
Samaritana 04 by Paweł Unger  
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