Born: 25th February 1841, Limoges, France Died: 3rd December 1919, Cagnes-‐sur-‐Mer, France. Aged 78 Nationality: French Spouse(s): Aline Charigot (married 1890-‐1915) Children: 3. Claude, Pierre and Jean Renoir. Father: Leonard Renoir Mother: Marguerite Renoir Siblings: 2. Edmond and Lisa Renoir. 1. Renoir’s father was a tailor. 2. As a child he used to draw on the floor with his father’s tailor chalk. 3. At the age of 13, he began working as a porcelain painter and earned good money as he could paint quickly. 4. In 1862, he began studying at Gleyre’s art school where he met Monet, Sisley and Bazille. 5. In 1863 he had his first painting accepted into The Salon. 6. In the Franco-‐Prussian war he was placed under the staff of General du Barrail and was sent to Bordeaux to train horses even though he had never worked with horses before. 7. He admitted to never knowing how to ride and was referred to the captain of his regiment. He made a deal that if he taught the captains daughter to paint, in exchange, Renoir would be taught to ride. 8. During the war Renoir developed dysentery. 9. In 1871, Renoir was painting by the Seine and he was arrested and accused of spying as it was thought he was painting images for the Communards. He was taken to be shot and at the door of execution he recognised a general of the National Guard and grabbed his attention. Renoir was set free as on a previous occasion, he helped the general escape the authorities as he was on the run for being a revolutionary. 10. In 1974, he exhibited in the first Impressionist exhibition. All the artists were crticised, however, Renoir nominated himself for the worst insult in the fact that the critics ignored him. He sold painting but made less that 200 francs. 11. Renoir loved the Opera. Not necessarily for the shows but for watching the people. He hated when the lights went off, as he couldn’t see the people. 12. Renoir was poor most of the time although he never complained. 13. In 1876 he moved to Montmartre where he wanted to paint the working class. 14. He was a regular at the Moulin de la Galette, an outdoor bar where people would go to dance on sunny days as dancing became fashionable. In 1876, Renoir painted it. The painting hangs in the Musee D’Orsay today. 15. Renoir never really had a political opinion. His stance was, “Whoever you vote for gets in.” 16. In 1878, Renoir defects from the group by submitting work to The Salon. He has no choice in his eyes, as he needs the money.
17. By 1880, Renoir was a regular Salon exhibitor. He was still living in Montmartre and frequently visited the cremerie across the street. This is where he met his future wife Aline Charigot. 18. Renoir was generally well liked. By the people he came across. 19. Renoir had nervous habits of stroking his nose and pulling his moustache. 20. Also in 1880, Renoir became anxious about his work and argued with Aline. She took her leave to Essoyes in Burgundy and he made a drastic move by going to Algeria. 21. In 1881 he returns to Paris and settles with Aline and soon takes off for Italy. He sees Raphael’s legendary work. 22. Renoir was among those following Manet’s coffin in the funeral procession in 1883. 23. In 1892 Renoir developed Rheumatoid Arthritis. However, it did not stop him painting in the years to come. 24. In his final years, Renoir had to be lifted by servants into his chair in order for him to paint. He had to have his paintbrush put between his fingers. 25. On the day Renoir died in 1919, he was still painting. He gave up his paintbrush saying, “I think I’m beginning to understand something about it.” Fine final words.