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Pierre-­Auguste  Renoir  

  Born:  25th  February  1841,  Limoges,  France   Died:  3rd  December  1919,  Cagnes-­‐sur-­‐Mer,  France.  Aged  78   Nationality:  French   Spouse(s):  Aline  Charigot  (married  1890-­‐1915)   Children:  3.  Claude,  Pierre  and  Jean  Renoir.   Father:  Leonard  Renoir   Mother:  Marguerite  Renoir Siblings:  2.  Edmond  and  Lisa  Renoir.     1. Renoir’s  father  was  a  tailor.   2. As  a  child  he  used  to  draw  on  the  floor  with  his  father’s  tailor  chalk.   3. At  the  age  of  13,  he  began  working  as  a  porcelain  painter  and  earned  good   money  as  he  could  paint  quickly.   4. In  1862,  he  began  studying  at  Gleyre’s  art  school  where  he  met  Monet,   Sisley  and  Bazille.   5. In  1863  he  had  his  first  painting  accepted  into  The  Salon.   6. In  the  Franco-­‐Prussian  war  he  was  placed  under  the  staff  of  General  du   Barrail  and  was  sent  to  Bordeaux  to  train  horses  even  though  he  had   never  worked  with  horses  before.   7. He  admitted  to  never  knowing  how  to  ride  and  was  referred  to  the   captain  of  his  regiment.  He  made  a  deal  that  if  he  taught  the  captains   daughter  to  paint,  in  exchange,  Renoir  would  be  taught  to  ride.   8. During  the  war  Renoir  developed  dysentery.   9. In  1871,  Renoir  was  painting  by  the  Seine  and  he  was  arrested  and   accused  of  spying  as  it  was  thought  he  was  painting  images  for  the   Communards.  He  was  taken  to  be  shot  and  at  the  door  of  execution  he   recognised  a  general  of  the  National  Guard  and  grabbed  his  attention.   Renoir  was  set  free  as  on  a  previous  occasion,  he  helped  the  general   escape  the  authorities  as  he  was  on  the  run  for  being  a  revolutionary.   10. In  1974,  he  exhibited  in  the  first  Impressionist  exhibition.  All  the  artists   were  crticised,  however,  Renoir  nominated  himself  for  the  worst  insult  in   the  fact  that  the  critics  ignored  him.  He  sold  painting  but  made  less  that   200  francs.   11. Renoir  loved  the  Opera.  Not  necessarily  for  the  shows  but  for  watching   the  people.  He  hated  when  the  lights  went  off,  as  he  couldn’t  see  the   people.   12. Renoir  was  poor  most  of  the  time  although  he  never  complained.   13. In  1876  he  moved  to  Montmartre  where  he  wanted  to  paint  the  working   class.   14. He  was  a  regular  at  the  Moulin  de  la  Galette,  an  outdoor  bar  where  people   would  go  to  dance  on  sunny  days  as  dancing  became  fashionable.  In  1876,   Renoir  painted  it.  The  painting  hangs  in  the  Musee  D’Orsay  today.   15. Renoir  never  really  had  a  political  opinion.  His  stance  was,  “Whoever  you   vote  for  gets  in.”   16. In  1878,  Renoir  defects  from  the  group  by  submitting  work  to  The  Salon.   He  has  no  choice  in  his  eyes,  as  he  needs  the  money.  

17. By  1880,  Renoir  was  a  regular  Salon  exhibitor.  He  was  still  living  in   Montmartre  and  frequently  visited  the  cremerie  across  the  street.  This  is   where  he  met  his  future  wife  Aline  Charigot.   18. Renoir  was  generally  well  liked.  By  the  people  he  came  across.   19. Renoir  had  nervous  habits  of  stroking  his  nose  and  pulling  his  moustache.   20. Also  in  1880,  Renoir  became  anxious  about  his  work  and  argued  with   Aline.  She  took  her  leave  to  Essoyes  in  Burgundy  and  he  made  a  drastic   move  by  going  to  Algeria.   21. In  1881  he  returns  to  Paris  and  settles  with  Aline  and  soon  takes  off  for   Italy.  He  sees  Raphael’s  legendary  work.   22. Renoir  was  among  those  following  Manet’s  coffin  in  the  funeral   procession  in  1883.   23. In  1892  Renoir  developed  Rheumatoid  Arthritis.  However,  it  did  not  stop   him  painting  in  the  years  to  come.   24. In  his  final  years,  Renoir  had  to  be  lifted  by  servants  into  his  chair  in  order   for  him  to  paint.  He  had  to  have  his  paintbrush  put  between  his  fingers.   25. On  the  day  Renoir  died  in  1919,  he  was  still  painting.  He  gave  up  his   paintbrush  saying,  “I  think  I’m  beginning  to  understand  something  about   it.”  Fine  final  words.  

Pierre-Auguste Renoir