ARCHITECTURAL URBAN DESIGN PORTFOLIO
Graduate Student 2018. Paúl Moscoso Riofrío.
2018 MUD Thesis
2017 STUDIO GRUBER: Hiding in Plain Sight
2016 Boris Albornoz Arquitectos: Parque La Libertad Cultural Center
2016 Moscoso Arquitectos: Villa Elena
2012 Boris Albornoz Arquitectos: Social Development Ministry.
2017 Research: Atlas of the commoning. 2017 Systems Wilkinsburg
2017 Funktown Market
2017 City within the City
2017 Miscellaneous Projects
B. ARCH PROJECTS
2014 Thesis: Chipipe Waterfront
2014 Workshop Pampa Tukuyninpa
2014 CLEA activities and involvements
2014 Workshop Up To Date
2017 Research: Historic Urban Landscape, Cuenca. 2018 San Roque: analysis and study
PAUL MOSCOSO RIOFRĂ?O
Date of birth Place of birth Nationality Phone Number E-mail address Address
May 22, 1988 Cuenca - Ecuador. Ecuadorian. +1 (412) 417 3820 email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org 341 South Highland Ave. Pittsburgh PA 15206.
EDUCATION the organization (October 2014 - October 2015).
2016 - 2018
2011 - 2015
Pittsburgh - USA. Carnegie Mellon University, School of Architecture. Master of Urban Design.
Tarija - Bolivia, Cuenca - Ecuador, Granada Nicaragua. Latin American Council of Students of Architecture. Workshop tutor. Design-built projects in communities.
2011 - 2012
Cuenca - Ecuador. Universidad de Cuenca, School of Architecture and Urbanism. Diploma on Built Heritage Management and Preservation.
Heidelberg - Germany. Ruprecht-Karls Universität DAAD scholarship for a linguistic and culture summer course.
2007 - 2014
Cuenca - Ecuador. Universidad de Cuenca, School of Architecture and Urbanism. Bachelor of Architecture.
AWARDS January 2017
Pittsburgh - USA George W. Anderson, Jr. Award 1st place and certi cate “an exceptional level of attention to detail and dedication to bene cially impacting the community.”
Pittsburgh - USA. Fulbright Program. Academic excellence scholarship to study a 4th level US degree.
Cuenca - Ecuador Urban spaces renewal. 1st place and certi cate “best design.”
Pittsburgh - USA. Carnegie Mellon University, School of Architecture. Teaching assistant. 4th/5th Year Studio: Acupuncture Urbanism.
Cuenca - Ecuador Studio project: restaurant 1st place and certi cate “best design.”
2016 - 2017
Pittsburgh - USA. Carnegie Mellon University, School of Architecture. Research assistant. Outreach program for 8-12 grades.
SKILLS Adobe Photoshop (12 years), Adobe Illustrator (12 years).
2014 - 2016
Adobe In-design (10 years), Adobe Premier and After effects (2 years).
Cuenca - Ecuador. University research project: Historic Urban Landscape. Research assistant. In charge of the application of the methodology as a sustainable development tool for the city of Cuenca.
AutoCAD (12 years), ArchiCAD (6 years), Vectorworks (10 years). Rhinoceros 3D (2 years), 3DS Studio Max (10 years).
Cuenca - Ecuador. Universidad de Cuenca, School of Architecture and Urbanism. Students representative. Address student issues at council meetings.
ArcMAP (6 years), ArcGIS Pro (1 year), Carto (1 year).
2014 - 2016
CNC Milling (2 years), Laser cutting (2 years).
Microsoft Of ce Excel, Power Point, Word (15 years).
Latin America various locations. Latin American Council of Students of Architecture Coordinator and representative. Ecuador´s delegate and president of
Hand drawing (12 years), woodworking (5 yers), model building (12 years).
tarting in August 2016 the Master of Urban Design (MUD) at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), School of Architecture (SoA) has been an opportunity to push the limits of my understanding in urban and architectural issues, constructing knowledge from various disciplines throughout the campus and experience a world-class educational platform. Given SoA´s deeply compromised with the postindustrial legacy of the city and the recovery efforts after the steel industry collapse that push half of the population out of Pittsburgh`s city limit in the 1980s. The MUD program has institutionalized on this basis and proposes a master program linked with communities and bottom-up initiatives while having an eye open to relevant world trends in the fields of architecture, urbanism, and social and environmental developments. The MUD ’18 cohort has also been another opportunity to have a multicultural and diverse input given the variety of nations and fields represent among my peers.
position my design practice in a broader societal context that is theoretically informed and politically aware. The first-semester site was East Liberty, a neighborhood that has experienced tremendous real estate pressure and face issues of gentrification and displacement of a low-income Afro American and working-class community. The idea was to contain growth inside a medium density core of the neighborhood, while mega parcels and big boxes infrastructure turned into a low-density redevelopment. The second semester centered in Wilkinsburg, PA, a struggling community facing major problems of vacancy, blight, and traffic. The idea was to propose an alternative short, medium and long-term scenarios where the community can sustain growth from within while acknowledging external forces by taking strategical decisions in a new TOD development. My first-year advisor, Don Carter, a retired urban designer principal at Urban Design Associates Pittsburgh-based firm, told me on the first week at the school; “university is a playground for adults.” After going through three and a half semesters, I couldn’t agree more with his words. I have encountered several different courses besides the studios that gave the chances to test my understanding and ideas with classmates and professors that have diverse backgrounds. Thus the outcomes have been enormously beneficial for me. I have participated in international competitions like the Hines Competition organized by the Urban Land Institute, plus other works in different areas like urban nature, data analysis, GIS research, planning, management, real estate, art, and philosophy.
Taking advantage of this studio-based master program, I have gravitated myself in different aspects of contemporary urban design praxis and thinking. The second year of the MUD program is a research-based studio and thesis sequence focusing on the bottom-up transformation of cities. This positioning has unfolded from case study research and the articulation of a hypothesis culminating in an individual design project that acknowledges the balancing act of negotiating top-down planning and the self-organizing behavior of cities. The first and second studios were foundational Pittsburgh-based design studios in place making and urban systems that helped me to
2018 MUD Thesis 2017 Research: Atlas of the commoning. 2017 Systems Wilkinsburg 2017 Funktown Market 2017 City within the City
Public Spaces in Contested Spaces: tying loosed ends in the Estero Salado to access the waterfront. Period: September 2017 May 2018. Location: Pittsburgh, PA and Guayaquil, Ecuador. Main academic areas: research and concept design, 3D and 2D drawings, diagrams, boards. Position: Urban designer. Team: Paul Moscoso. Coordinator: Stefan Gruber and Jonathan Kline.
Public and private realms dominate the control and development of space in urban areas since the growth of cities in the first industrial revolution, but since the late 1990s and especially throughout the twenty-first century, the crisis of the neoliberal model has challenged our perception of space. In the Global North, a third space has emerged apart from the public-private dichotomy, acting as an opportunity to counterbalance the aggressive over-control of space and the dismantling of the welfare state. In the Global South, a third space acts as a form of sharing and togetherness in communities where the state apparatus or the rampant privatization of land and resources don`t benefit a vast majority and put many in a condition of having to fight for survival and self-protection. From unconventional conceptual positions, I am proposing a thesis that can help understand the limits of designing over urban space and how to design space accessible to all. If this space can be reactivated, it could become a triggering statement for a new attitude towards urban development. After all, it should be a goal that sewing the urban fabric can become permanent. This project is seen in the context of global crises and the moment in urbanity that an alternative image of the city and a construction of social space is challenged the most and needs a proper reflection. Thesis questions: How to design space rethinking the boundaries of common-public / common-private space? How to adapt know-how practices into distinct contested spaces where realities and conditions change? How to design, in the urban realm, thinking in the ability to access to produce a trigger in how society recognizes space as a game changer equation? The first attempt to respond these questions is by looking a the Campo de la Cebada case study. There is a process of participation, transparency, and solidarity join forces, in the plaza, for a radical change in the public institutions from within. Its role as the venue for the meetings and leisure changes the landscape of the revindication for power and reform. It becomes a domestic space far from a violent one. “Public space is a space constituted by collective performance, made so by the way it is experienced, and it is always in transition. Architectural practices are always political, no less the ones that feign political naïveté. It is in associations like the one that brings together people of all kinds that the resistance to dominant powers is embodied, and that a contemporary form of public space is possible.” Andrés Jaque – Office for Political Innovation
City of Guayaquil, Ecuador, South America
Estero Salado current conditions and theoretical approach
Urban Milieu The milieu chosen is in the city of Guayaquil, largest city and chief port of Ecuador. This city has three million inhabitants, concentrating 20% Ecuador’s total population. In the city of Guayaquil there are 120,000 families living in slums, 600,000 people live in poverty. The city has 5.4 sq ft green space per inhabitant when the World Health Organization recommends minimum 96 sq ft of green space. Finally, according to the World Bank, in research about the highest risk cities of damaging floods, Guayaquil is the third city most vulnerable when measured as the percentage of GDP, and 46% population under threat for climate change. Situated on the west bank of the Guayas River, is a low-lying settlement with a hot and humid climate. Industrial development has resulted in population growth and wealth accumulation while large-scale immigration of rural workers confronts the city with the problem of growing slum areas. Estero Salado is part of the estuarine system of the Guayas River. It is composed of natural canals and is located in the center of the city. It has three segments; - Upstream is middle and high-income residential, institutions. - Center is lower income residential and some green remnants. - Downstream is port logistics, industrial – and natural landscape. Severe social and environmental problems. Efforts to recover the site has proved to be inconsistent with the context or expensive and practically unrealistic. Challenges with accessibility to the waterfront of the Estero Salado The questions and the milieu have raised in me the possibility to envision a design approach that will tackle the following main characteristics that I believe are fundamental issues to think if a proper accomplishment of my interrogations is pertinent; these are Isolation, delusional planning, vulnerability, and scarcity and informality. Isolation: The Same global trend to privatize and develop gated communities is disconnecting patches from the rest of the city. This situation has transform areas of the city in a successive assemble of fences and security controls. Affluent people walled themselves inside residential developments, malls, and office towers. The city official investment is concentrated in the formal city. The informal city settles down over hills and swaps areas which are notable exposed to physical inaccessibility too. The agro-industrial development along the estuary turn green areas into shrimp farms that constraint the access to resources for endemic animals and plants. Vulnerability: The coastal city face a set of uncertainties in the near future because of sea level rise, change in climate patterns and other environmental issues that threaten to put in risk thousands of lives. The majority of them would be the poor as rapid urbanization has pushed them into the most vulnerable neighborhoods. Minimum precaution measures have not been taken yet or merely any fundamental safety normative is ignored or lack of control. The city is considered the third most vulnerable city by climate change in the world.
Delusional planning: The government considers that the ideal development to defeat the necessity of impoverished families must come from a top-down strategy. The term “delusional planning” comes from the images of the chaotic state propaganda that is always trying to picture an ideal future for communities, but communities are not even asking for their basic uncovered services. A lot of money is invested in specific “emblematic” projects that, due to their unique characteristics, are expensive and decontextualized. By trying to achieve some of these projects, sometimes entire generations and communities are displays. The use of police and even military forces are common. Kotti & Co., my second case study at the Atlas of the Commoning, becomes a great way to rethink the ways communication and information are understood and shared. Digital access is evident in thriving communities, which is not the case in areas where an underwater economy works with different mechanisms and forces. Synthesize both sides and produce a communication wire, have the potential to help prevent, promote, cooperate. Scarcity and informality: Of all the citizens in Guayaquil, people with extreme limits to afford an improving way of life. That means families who lack access to education, health, parks, public transportation, clean water. These are the primary groups to experience the sum of the previous challenges. To be more specific, inside these circles. There are many homelessness, recent rural immigrant, indigenous groups, disabled, young kids and elderly. People who have few options to find a meal or a roof to sleep. For them, any informal way of life represents their only income. Thinking about circles is another way of thinking about La Torre David, in Caracas, Venezuela. The understanding of the circles of power inside the occupation of the tower provides the notion of transfer control and power. The tower as an association from the bottom-up can accomplish to claim their presence in the city. Their non-academic training and teaching one another, inside the built environment, challenge the orthodoxy of the planning process, succeeding in provides the basic of all needs, shelter. The case study of Prinzessinen Garten helps me conclude the present thesis proposal because of the dynamism of such place in Berlin where the community learns and put their own skills and abilities in. The garden proves that hands-on activities and a self-organized platform can turn a community for an emancipatory power determination. The site offers everyone the chance to interpret their way to achieve the idea of food production and gardening. The Laube becomes a beacon in the process as a built element that invites everyone in the community to question about social and ecological issues in their territory. Lastly, even though the final view of the thesis is not possible to understand without extensive work on the site and more specific research, the idea of a series of proposals that can tide loose ends throughout the Estero Salado becomes the start of the subsequent semester and the foundational thinking process for acting in the access of public spaces in contested spaces.
Privatization, urban renewal style, gated commubities, gentrification.
Forced evictions, polluting industry, environmental disintegration.
Informal- illegal settlement, no public assets or services, some efforts recently.
Guayaquil AND suburb.
Research: Atlas of the Commoning. Period: September 2017 March 2018. Location: Pittsburgh, PA and Berlin, Germany. Main academic areas: Research and visualization design, 3D and 2D drawings, diagrams, boards. Position: Urban designer, research. Team: Paul Moscoso and five others. Coordinator: Stefan Gruber and ARCH+ Magazine.
The last year of the MUD programs is a research team working, publication and traveling exhibition that sheds light onto citizens’ initiatives that collectively reclaim urban spaces and redefine the city as commons beyond the dichotomy of private versus public. Entitled “An Atlas of Commoning” the exhibition is co-curated and produced with ARCH+ and the IFA. After opening in Berlin at the Kunstraum Bethanien Kreuzberg in August 2018, the exhibition will travel to Pittsburgh and beyond for 5 to 10 years. As the core exhibition travels, it will expand to be complemented by local examples of commoning from the respective city. These local cases will be integrated into a growing Atlas of practices of commoning, forming a rhizomatic network of seemingly marginal practices that promise to add up to the promise of an alternative city of commons. The exhibit will feature selected historic, and contemporary citizen’s initiatives from across the world organized around three axes of tension defining the contested terrain of the commons: From Access to Shared Ownership, From Cooperative Production to Collective Reproductive Labor, From Solidarity to Collective Rule. Three Axes of Tensions The atlas is defined by three axes of tensions, Access/ Collective Ownership, P2P Production/ Reproduction Labor, and Right to the World, which are colored in different colors. They underline the context nature of practice of commonings. The following case studies are colored correspondingly to the tension which they belong to. Access / Collective Ownership On one hand, the so-called sharing economy is currently redefining our relation to ownership away from possession to access to things according to our need and demand. On the other hand, more and more collective alternative forms of ownership are emerging, such as cooperative housing, Community Land Trust, etc. P2P Production / Reproduction Labor P2P Production is a form of an economy is viewed as an alternative to traditional capitalism, whereby business owners own the means of production and also the finished product, hiring labor to carry out the production process. Reproduction Labor is often associated with care giving and domestic roles including cleaning, cooking, child care, and the paid domestic labor force. Solidarity / Right to the World How much regulation do we need? How much can we rely on solidarity? Especially when we oppose issues of global commons, economy, migration, etc.
The overall question facing this research projects project are: 1. In this Fall’s Master of Urban Design Studio, we have explored the Commons as an alternative model, beyond the State or Market, in which citizens self-organize and begin to transform cities from the bottom-up. On the one hand, these practices of commoning bring about an architecture and urban design that tend to operates outside of conventional market logics as they question the role of buildings as mere commodity and focus on use value instead of exchange value. On the other hand, these initiative also challenge the role of the architect as singular author and engage in more collective decision making and distributed power. How do you see the potential and agency of such radical redefinition of architecture today and in the future? 2. Never before last Friday, Dec. 2, has it been more blatant that the State and Market work hand in hand in replacing a redistributive mode of governing that acts in the name of the common good, for an entrepreneurial mode that serves the private interests of the privileged few. It is in this context the notion of what it means to act or design for the public interest needs scrutiny. How can we rethink the binary opposition of public versus private? And how can we move beyond an essentializing notion of “the public”? How can we acknowledge the controversial and conflicting nature of living in common, without erasing differences and diversity? 3. In his lecture Aaron Betsky advocated for a shift of paradigm, in which architects should increasingly be concerned with RE-design, RE-development, RE-programming, RE-cycling etc. This resonates with the contemporary discourse on the commons and increasing evidence that more localized and cyclical economies and ecologies give rise to more resilient communities and neighborhoods. Taking this idea to its logical extreme however leads to the notion of prosperity without growth. And this presents architecture with a fundamental challenge, given that architecture and urbanization since the industrial revolution have been defined by growth. How do you begin tackling this dilemma? What practical and conceptual implications does the idea of design beyond growth has for the future of the discipline? The particular research in the Atlas of the Commoning has centered on the axis of Solidarity and Right to the World and Access and Collective Ownership. Working with case studies that transverse these lines has helped him gravitate in a thesis project that seeks to understand the conditions that push communities to negotiate their resources and even challenge our perception of the use of space in cities. These ideas can be studied as tools and with that, he aims to demonstrate the ability of a contested urban space in the Global South to be reactivated by designing using some of these cases. Two goals can be possible; a practical response to a specific milieu and a starting point to reflect the attitude for prosperous living conditions in the cities of our era.
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND WORK DOCUMENTATION 1968
“As of today, 25th May (2015), we have to change how we do politics, starting
with complete openness, so we can know everything, absolutely everything going on in administration, everything that was stolen, all the high positions in the civil service controlled by the political parties. All of that must be put in order.
Construction of the Sport Complex next to the Cebada Market.
Restoration of democracy in Spain after the death of Francisco Franco, and Spanish Constitution of 1978
Start of the financial crisis; housing bubble, austerity, recession, public debt and high unemployment. Demolition of the Sport Complex for a new building and construction halt due the financial struggles in the City Hall.
- Ada Colau, Mayor of Barcelona
Sept, 2010 Oct, 2010
I hear the days of Campo de la Cebada are numbered – though the city is threatening a garish, unwelcome shopping mall in place of that much-needed swimming pool. With neighbors as organised, ambitious and community-minded as this, I hope they’re ready for a fight.
La Noche en Blanco event take place through the city. Temporary occupation of the construction site, and first transformation into a public space. Establishment of a collective to operate the site and a web page platform for new installation and ideas. The city lets the group use the site for free indeterminate.
Economic reforms are criticized by several social sectors. The beginning of the digital platform ¡Democracia Real YA! (Real Democracy NOW!) using social networks as the basis to organize and fight those reforms.
- Martha Sprackland, journalist
“The Campo de la Cebada can not be defined easily, you have to live it!
And if you come, enjoy it, look at it and take care of it, do not leave trash, cigarette butts, or pipe shells, there are trash cans! Remember, it is a space that is shared!
Massive demonstrations throughout Spain. Indignados Movement also knows as 15-M arise of the clamor of the protests.
In the aftermath of the 15-M Movement against inequality and corruption, the left-wing populist party Podemos is founding
Local elections and winning candidates aligned with left ideals, specially the radical municipalism ideology. Notoriously, Ada Colau in Bercelona, Manuela Carmena in Madrid, Valencia, Galicia, and others.
Gathering for for a pop-up improv theater Gathering a pop-up improv theater 2018
- Flavia Totoro, resident and eyekeeper
Announcement of the return of the work of the Sports Complex. Notification of the eviction of space for December 2017.
Campo de la Cebada
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Campo de la Cebada
onstruction of the Sport Complex ext to the Cebada Market.
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Neighborhood general meeting
Neighborhood general meeting
Gathering for a pop-up improv theater Gathering for a pop-up improv theater
Gathering for a pop-up improv theater
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Announcement of the return of the work of the Sports Complex. Notification of the eviction of space for December 2017.
People of all ages take the plaza,
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People of all ages take the plaza, graffiti and lounging at the same place.
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Campo de la Cebada
FROM OFFICIAL WE
Of Campo de la Cebada, Madrid, Spain. 2010 - 2017
01. Rehabilitation of a city
FROM OFFICIAL Cebada is WEB born asPAGE a positiv
Of Campo de la Cebada, Madrid, Spain. 2010 - 2017
and constructing proposal
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de la Cebada is born as a c
management that The is made 02. Need to inhabit the conflict. Cam Instead of an eli de la Cebadatois simplify born as ait.controversy to inhabit them. t managementpropose that is made of it without to simplify it. Instead of eliminating confl propose to inhabit them. 03. Mind the gap. Campo
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with the success and the institutionalization of practices of commoning, as they move beyond temporary experiments and the ambition to change the systems in favor of the common good.
The particular circumstances for starting and managing the community space are several The particular circumstances for starting and and closely linked to the history and context managing the community space are several of theand specific thehistory peopleand involved closelyplace linkedand to the context in its of management. The and site the haspeople been a space the specific place involved dedicated to different public activities since its in its management. The site has been a space layout, from 1968 until 2009, an indoor dedicated to different public activitiespool since its and sports place. makepool layout, complex from 1968was untilin2009, anTo indoor roomand for sports a better business that complex wasmodel, in place. To is make for amarket better business model, that is from room farmers’ to shopping center, the from farmers’ market to shopping the municipal government who owns thecenter, site started municipal ownsofthe site started to demolish thegovernment complex inwho August 2009. to demolish the complex in August of 2009. Unfortunately, the city council is unable to raise Unfortunately, council is unable to the raise enough money for the thecity new equipment, and enough money for the new equipment, the construction has been delayed ever since.and The construction has been delayed ever since. The site turns into a bare cement fenced site leaving site turns into a bare cement fenced site leaving the neighborhood with an impenetrable square the neighborhood with an impenetrable square for anforundetermined time. an undetermined time. AfterAfter one one yearyear of muteness, thethe empty space of muteness, empty space suddenly comes back to life by by self-organizing suddenly comes back to life self-organizing the residents tiredtired not not to have a solution and the residents to have a solution and empowered by the social changes that would empowered by the social changes that would be forged in the social movements be forged timetime laterlater in the social movements of 15M. intervention took place ten of 15M. The The first first intervention took place forfor ten in form the form a temporary occupations daysdays in the of aoftemporary artart occupations of public space. As the event was coming of public space. As the event was coming toto anan end, various discussions rose not to lose the end, various discussions rose not to lose the space again, pending postponement space again, pending for for thethe postponement ofof a vague promise to fulfill with new a vague promise to fulfill thethe sitesite with thethe new equipment. After that, the engine of enthusiasm equipment. After that, the engine of enthusiasm and inspiration does not stop until the neighbors and inspiration does not stop of until neighbors get the official permission thethe place as a get the official permission of the place as a common. common.
of cultural, social, artistic or sportive nature, as well as, any social purpose and the opportunity of cultural, social, artistic or sportive nature, as to become a platform for political activities. well as, any social purpose and the opportunity Basic utilities, such asfor anpolitical electrical input and a to become a platform activities. multi-sport game court forelectrical local tournaments Basic utilities, such as an input and a are quickly provided. Smallfor chalkboards are placed multi-sport game court local tournaments are atquickly the entrance, to catch ideas passing by and provided. Small chalkboards are placed communicate upcoming events. Competitions at the entrance, to catch ideas passing by and and workshopsupcoming to createevents. urban Competitions furniture and communicate and workshops to create urban furniture and from public art have been a constant motivation public art haveand been a constant motivation from the architects artist communities.
Cebada is understood as a
04. Put doors to the field. The Campo de We design processes Cebada is understood asopen a complex publ withprocesses this complexity. We design open that allow us with this complexity.
05. Equipped square and c
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the architects and artist communities.
But more than a place, or the climax of more claim, than a El place, or the of aBut specific Campo declimax Cebada claim, El Campo de Cebada isa aspecific process committed to participation, is a process committed to participation, transparency and sociability, an experiment transparency and sociability, an experiment of placemaking between the citizens, local of placemaking between the citizens, local associations politicalinstitutions. institutions.From From associations and and political seeding desires,and andexpectations, expectations, seeding hopes, hopes, desires, ititisisnow the results resultsofofaacollective collective now bearing bearing the mobilization. the economy economyofofSpain Spainrecovers recovers mobilization. As As the from crisis,the thesite siteisis fromthe the last last economic economic crisis, scheduled theoriginal originalrenovation renovation scheduled to to restart restart the in in December 2017. 2017. Certainly, December Certainly,this thiswill willcompromise compromise theentire entire site site in favor what the favor of ofaaformal formalstructure, structure, what expected from the and isisexpected the commons commonsmovement movement and socialexperiences experiences are social are yet yettotobe beseen. seen.
06. Hybrid City, Transmedi
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07. Critical participatory 07. Critical participatory space. Citizen sp empowerment a place t empowerment in a place thatinallows to b bottom-up transformed transformed by bottom-upby processes, wh unplanned evolutions wor unplanned evolutions works.
08. Ephemeral Contemplate 08.Urbanism. Ephemeral Urbanism.th C as a great vessel cultural practices, and as a of great vessel of cultura practices as social relationships practices as social activator relation citizen empowerment. citizen empowerment.
09. The Campo la Campo Cebada de waslanever 09.de The Ceba inaugurated.inaugurated. And it’s neverAnd going be e it’stoneve Processes of transformation are propose Processes of transformatio contemplate other temporary margins.
contemplate other tempor
10. Commons Sense. Recovery of everyd 10. Commons Sense. Recoa qualitative principles of common sense qualitative principles of co neighborhood scale.
Keys of the fence are distributed among Keysneighbors, of the fence are distributed among members of local associations, neighbors, members local market, associations, stallholders of theof nearby people of all ages and and a basic set of stallholders ofbackground, the nearby market, people ofrules all in order to maintain the site agesare andplaced background, and a basicand setkeep of rules running. organizers of keep El Campo de are placed inSuddenly, order to maintain and the site Cebada start collecting ideas becoming running. Suddenly, organizers ofand El Campo de the place for any proposal for an activity or project Cebada start collecting ideas and becoming the
place for any proposal for an activity or project
11. Open Source City. A place with assem instructions with Creative Commons 11. Open Source City. Alicen pl open source,instructions evolvable and replicable. with Creative C
Barcelona En Comu hosted an International Municipalist Summit to work on the coming out party a newhosted global social movement.Municipalist Summit to work on the Barcelona EnforComu an International
coming out party for a new global social movement.
Campo de la Cebada
Campo de la Cebada
open source, evolvable an
Campo de la Cebada
Campo de la Cebada
SOCIAL CONTRACT FROM OFFICIAL WEB PAGE
01. Rehabilitation of a city. The Campo de la Cebada is born as a positive reaction, designing and constructing proposals that allow to rethink and rehabilitate the city model.
mand a radical change in Spanish is referred to as the municipalist media, the occupation of public space and the re-appropriating public is the citizens’ occupation of a d one of the epicenters of the Spanish space into a self-organized city the path to power and the attempts to d many of the challenges that come commoning, as they move beyond tems in favor of the common good.
02. Need to inhabit the conflict. The Campo de la Cebada is born as a controversy and the management that is made of it without trying to simplify it. Instead of eliminating conflicts, we propose to inhabit them. 03. Mind the gap. Campo de la Cebada seeks to build management mechanisms that allow the inclusion of as many agents as possible in decision-making.
al, social, artistic or sportive nature, as any social purpose and the opportunity me a platform for political activities. ilities, such as an electrical input and a ort game court for local tournaments are provided. Small chalkboards are placed ntrance, to catch ideas passing by and nicate upcoming events. Competitions kshops to create urban furniture and rt have been a constant motivation from hitects and artist communities.
04. Put doors to the field. The Campo de la Cebada is understood as a complex public space. We design open processes that allow us to work with this complexity. 05. Equipped square and citizens autonomy. The Campo de la Cebada is understood as an open citizen infrastructure. It allows access to water and light, but also to storage, space, tools and facilities.
e than a place, or the climax of fic claim, El Campo de Cebada cess committed to participation, rency and sociability, an experiment making between the citizens, local tions and political institutions. From hopes, desires, and expectations, w bearing the results of a collective ation. As the economy of Spain recovers e last economic crisis, the site is ed to restart the original renovation in ber 2017. Certainly, this will compromise re site in favor of a formal structure, what cted from the commons movement and xperiences are yet to be seen.
06. Hybrid City, Transmedia city and multiformat city. The digital context also allows the construction of public spaces, which favor communication, participation and even management and financing. 07. Critical participatory space. Citizen empowerment in a place that allows to be transformed by bottom-up processes, where unplanned evolutions works. 08. Ephemeral Urbanism. Contemplate the city as a great vessel of cultural practices, and these practices as social relationships activator and citizen empowerment.
12. Hand Made Urbanism. Construction of space through direct processes and pedagogical environments. 13. Transparency and Open data. Explicit and transparent communication of all the processes that happen and how they happen in the Campo de la Cebada. 14. New Governance. Space of communication between citizens and the government that facilitates the investment in the construction of the city. 15. Review of authorship. The author of The Campo de la Cebada is the Campo de la Cebada itself. 16. Infrastructure for the rest of the city. The Campo de la Cebada becomes a useful space to raise possible new processes in different parts of the city. 17. Custom furniture for the citizen / caretaker. Designing supports for new ways of using the city and allowing to establish citizen roles based on the self maintain of the urban. 18. Optimization of material resources. Campo de la Cebada makes it possible to plan the city by maximizing resources through second life policies. 19. The new contracts of the architect. New spaces of architectural participation that transform the city collaboratively, architects as designers of services and not just products. 20. Speaker tool. Space for the construction of networks in internal and external contexts that allow the amplification of citizen opinions to train their ideas and thoughts.
09. The Campo de la Cebada was never inaugurated. And it’s never going to be ended. Processes of transformation are proposed that contemplate other temporary margins. 10. Commons Sense. Recovery of everyday life, qualitative principles of common sense and neighborhood scale. 11. Open Source City. A place with assembly instructions with Creative Commons licenses and open source, evolvable and replicable.
Barcelona En Comu hosted an International Municipalist Summit to work on the coming out party for a new global social movement.
Campo de la Cebada
Campo de la Cebada
Campo de la Cebada
COLLABORATION WITH ARCH + AND RESEARCH IN BERLIN
Period: January 2017 May 2017. Location: Pittsburgh, PA. Main academic areas: Research and concept design, 3D and 2D drawings, diagrams, boards. Position: Urban designer. Team: Paul Moscoso and five others. Coordinator: Stefan Gruber and Steve Quick. Link: https://issuu.com/t. maraariel/docs/wilkinsburgreport_combined6
The Urban Systems Studio is the result of a semester long studio project at the Carnegie Mellon’s School of Architecture, MUD (Master of Urban Design) program. The studio introduces the role of urban systems and systems processes in the context of a large portion of a city, a full town or borough, or a significant component of regional infrastructure. During this second of two fundamental urban design studios, elements of sustainability are introduced as are methods of evaluating their performance. The project began with the premise of envisioning Penn Avenue, the local main street corridor of Wilkinsburg, as the catalyst for regenerating this independent borough of 15,000 residents located at the edge of the City of Pittsburgh. Wilkinsburg has been undergoing a continuous disinvestment since 1960 and today is one-half the population of its heyday. The scale of the project quickly expanded to include the full borough to understand the Avenue’s broader context as well as the effects and causes of the disinvestment process. Through analysis of the Borough’s attributes and present-day situation, the studio began to see that the problems were not merely physical, but also a combination of social, economic, and environmental factors that led to the Borough’s current condition. From this basis, the studio envisioned a robust series of actions to bring back this community. Rather than starting from the typical streetscape beautification scenario, the students developed a four-sequence strategy that begins with building the sense of community for all of its stakeholders before introducing strategic and catalytic actions that range from placemaking to create identity to a network of resident-led programs that strengthen community relationships. The studio experience was designed to also engage the graduate students in a variety of realistic project situations, from working individually to small teams to the entire studio functioning as a single team. Urban design was approached from different perspectives of observation, emotional response, data analytics, acupuncture and tactical urbanism, and holistic sequential strategies which provided the studio with a range of design tools to approach complex situations. The borough’s decline Wilkinsburg grew non-stop until late the 1950s, when it reached a population of more than 30,000 residents. After the completion of the Parkway East (I-376), a limited-access freeway, the area’s commuters began taking the new, faster artery into and out of the city, significantly reducing the traffic flow on Penn Avenue through Wilkinsburg. With better transportation and access and relatively new and inexpensive real estate development catering to the middle class began to occur in the eastern suburbs of Pittsburgh. At this same time Wilkinsburg’s white working class also began buying new homes in the suburbs, this marked the beginning of Wilkinsburg’s population decline which continues today. Pittsburgh’s economic foundation based mostly on heavy manufacturing was significantly eroded, and the Pittsburgh area witnessed a 25 percent loss of its population, particularly after the 1982 collapse of Pittsburgh’s steel
industry. Residential settlement patterns shifted as well. The population of Wilkinsburg was hit harder than most communities as its residential population decreased by more than a half. And along with the flight to the suburbs, Wilkinsburg’s demographics changed from majority white to 2/3 Black. Voices of Wilkinsburg At the beginning of the Wilkinsburg Urban Design Strategies planning process, the studio visited the borough, walked around the neighborhood and talked with a number of residents and shop owners for their opinions on the borough. Through these observations and conversations, the studio learned about the boroughs’ strengthens and challenges. Most of them were individuals who invested in the community or were local residents.
The studio heard the voices of local residents talking about “lots of vacant properties in the main street district”, “high taxation”, “not enough supportive room for children to grow in the borough”, “limited amenities to support vibrant community life within the borough.” Auto-Centric Uses However, the Studio felt that Wilkinsburg’s newer commercial developments on Penn Avenue are more auto-centric and less vibrant with respect to creating an active street life on many weekdays, with the exception of the 700 block of Penn Avenue. As the photographs tell, many auto-oriented businesses, such as the fast food drive-through businesses, face this regional corridor having replaced former street and pedestrian-oriented storefronts. Unlike the vibrant street life of the 1960s, today’s Penn Avenue main street corridor is now marked with many vacant lots and long blocks that are much less attractive for pedestrian foot traffic. Vacancy
Due to impacts of freeway construction and suburbanization, depopulation within the Borough led to the lack of commercial investment. This process of commercial disinvestment paired with population loss compounded to leave many vacant commercial properties, residential lots, and homes in the borough. Interpretations of Wilkinsburg With an initial understanding of Penn Avenue and its surrounding area through listening to individuals and site observations, the studio also researched demographic, economic, and ecological data to better understand the neighborhood context before developing a framework for several redevelo-
.K M.L Bus way
pment strategies.To facilitate the creation of a vision, the studio produced a series of diagrams which paired our analysis of the borough with other systems based analytics (social, economic, environmental), in order to reveal deeper understandings to the challenges the borough has and continues to face. From these diagrams, the studio identified key factors that were not so apparent at first glimpse, that stood out as a means to forge a holistic concept moving forward. Segregation The borough has an assortment of ethnicities. The boroughâ€™s two most dominant ethnic groups are blacks and whites, comprising of 67% and 28% of the population respectively, per 2010 U.S.. census data. These two groups are disassociated with one another due to physical boundaries such as the busway, and economic disparities. Phase 3.
Opportunities of Wilkinsburg From the data analysis of the borough, the studio saw a lot of opportunities and identified a series of goals to assist with creating different design approaches to form the strategies and vision of the community. For the overall concept, two general nodes and an overall strategic pattern became apparent for the Wilkinsburg Community; Civic Commons, Strategic Development, and the Neighborhood Network. In the following are listed a few observations and strategies to support design goals, sorted into triple bottom line social, economic, and environmental categories. Phases: Building the Community
While existing assets within the borough are robust, they have been underutilized for decades resulting in a decreasing of quality of life. Beginning with these assets as the foundation for eventual revitalization, the first intervention begins by capturing and developing the nearby social services to create synergies among them as the means to accentuate the vibrancy of the borough. While the Borough views vacant building demolition as means of ending blight and providing property for future development, the studio perceives it differently as the loss of sound housing stock that can eventually be saved. The Studio suggests discontinuing the vacant building demolition program unless there is the possibility of structural collapse.
Axonometric civic center.
Vacant Buildings and Lots already cleared of derelict buildings will fall into the ownership of the newly minted Wilkinsburg community Lank Bank & Trust, a dual agency capable of preserving lands and offering lands for development with these agencies in place current residents can have the ability to claim ownership of vacant parcels adjacent to their lot, adding equity to their home, and neighborhood by having the power to maintain or develop more land. In a partnership between Schools and Churches, near adjacent vacant lots can be put into community use, such as community gardens. In utilizing existing infrastructure of the Elementary Schools, Wilkinsburg can provide the community skills training by transforming them into community schools, capable of educating the public after the traditional school hours. In doing so, residents can learn about options for maintaining lots via urban farming or skill build entrepreneurial talents into new formalized jobs. A concluding gesture will provide a Community Center at the former High School. Opening up this strategically located space allows us the opportunity for expanded and complementary services next door at the adjacent Hosanna House open to all of the community year-round and capable of services all age ranges Strategic Interventions Diverse housing strategies will be introduced during this sequence. With a focus on an overall reuse of existing assets, a focus on strengthening the businesses along the 800 block of Penn Avenue will occur through incentivizing new businesses to enter the borough while also offering tax breaks to those small business owners from the borough, to make informal business activities formal with a storefront shop. Churches and schools continue to utilize vacant lots surrounding them, growing their urban farm and activated community spaces as needed. The new Community Center, at the former Wilkinsburg High School, gains more social services Churches, start to allow supplementary use of the religious buildings available within the borough for reuse during non-service days and hours, for community meetings, event rental space, co-working, and more. The Port Authority starts to get engaged in the renewed measures in the borough And works with the Borough Parking Authority to strategically relocate parking to existing borough lots, allowing for the development of the Port Authorityâ€™s park and ride lot. Given this incentive the Port Authority pursues relocating their Busway stop to Penn Avenue and capping off the Busway Station with a Pavilion. This new development will allow for redevelopment of the area of the station, opening up the viaduct to allow for a more porous and welcoming experience for all passengers to enjoy. Building New With the repositioning of resources and growing identities taking foot, new investment in the vision forward commences with new construction and programming Within the neighborhoods of the Borough Co-Housing pilot projects begin across a demonstrative blocks, infi lling blocks primed for redevelopment with affordable and market rate homes. Valuable development land for mixed use and diverse residential homes, commences around the TOD development. Further development of lands happen as the market fi nds them suitable. The creation of a secondary daycare and constructing a parking garage to service all the new destinations within the TOD area happen as relationships with the existing co-working and light manufacturing spaces begin to be created. Market Established As the market begins to understand the catalyst effect and the borough starts to grow by itself, the business climate starts to re-engage the borough,
redevelopment of other open parcels will commence With lands head in the stewardship of the Land Bankand Trust start to attract development attention, further infi lling of homes via Co-Housing takes off across the borough. Existing buildings primed for renovation and conversion take off. Notably the former Allison School is converted into mixed income housing and the 900 Block of Penn begins to redevelop into mix-use as well. With interest for development fervent, the 700 Block begins to fi ll in its gaps with new development while supporting services for all the new businesses and residents take off borough-wide. From an extensive bike lane network to pedestrian trails and a system of community farm plots across the borough. The last portions of the Port Authority lands infi ll with new development as a defi ned industrial/offi ce corridor takes shape in and around the TOD. Associations across the Busway to the existing co-working space available within the Susquehanna Building and the Western light Industrial spaces of the borough begin to dissolve the physicalbarriers between them. Elements Civic Center The section from Hosanna House to the South Avenue United Methodist Church (South Ave UMC) has the most gathering spaces and has the best visibility of the Civic Center area along Penn Avenue north and south. The tactical changes begin within this space. The streets are painted and temporary planter boxes are placed along new bike lanes. As a result of the added amenities more residents start to use low-cost materials and tools to make subtle interventions. People acquire all kinds of information and share resources by engaging in community events hosted in newly activated vacant lots. Civic center begins using spaces in unique ways to create more flexible program space, and improving civic presence. The community and social programs housed within the former Wilkinsburg High School complement the array housed in Hosanna House. Both centers work in hand with the adjacent religious institutions to provide safe indoor activity spaces to kids and
adequate outdoor space by using the vacant lots, with flexible programming such as outdoor classrooms, playgrounds, basketball fields and street chess games. The existing schools expand their service to support the whole person and engage a broader audience. With the story of Jennifer, who is a single mother living in the neighborhood, we can have a sense of the life experienced by residents utilizing the City Center. Jennifer’s morning starts from dropping off her oldest son, Kevin, at Turner Elementary School. She then drives down to the former high school which is now repurposed and programmed with a daycare center on the first floor. Her youngest son, Chris, spends the day here with other kids and the church next to the high school serves as indoor playground for kids so the younger kids won’t need to cross the busy street for playgrounds. Jennifer parks for free in the parking lot in front of the high school, then walks through the pocket garden cleaned and greened from it’s former disuse as a vacant lot. She grabs her breakfast at the restaurant next to the garden and walks along Penn Avenue to the bus station to take the bus to downtown. Later in the afternoon, after dismissal Kevin leaves Turner School and takes the bus circulator to Hosanna House for after-school programs. Jennifer comes back from work to either coteach the kids or take further education courses via adult education classes . With the knowledge gain within the borough’s expanded educational offerings, Jennifer is able to apply new skills first hand managing the community kitchen and farm next to the South Ave UMC. By attending the events in the church, Jennifer has the chance to meet another single mom and they makes an agreement to rotate babysitting their kids so that they both have free time to run errands and shop at the new Market along Penn Avenue.
Strategic Transit-Oriented development The new mixed-income residential section within the strategic development area is a place where new residents, families, and existing Wilkinsburgers can engage with the borough. Taking advantage of the location of the station, and the services and amenities that the station has to offer, residents in the new areas of the strategic development can benefi t from living within walking distance of multiple options for commuting to work. The new iconic station with it’s accentuated canopy, will heighten the highly used station and signify a new plaza surrounding it. The plaza will help facilitate the capacity for increased ridership as the neighborhood grows. Within the plaza will be support services like a daycare, and breakout space for food trucks and cafes to service the scores of people crossing paths from business to home. Working with developers, the acquisition and repurposing of the 401 Penn Avenue building, adjacent to the busway, into a mixed industries building with a new market as its anchor tenant will create a destination point along the busway to travel to, for those in search for fresh food options within the East End. Within the Plaza space for the TOD station, the opening up of the viaduct of the busway and rail line allows for more visual and physical spatial connections to other sides of the busway feel more natural. Thanks to the porousness, the plaza will inspire an atmosphere that invites commuters and locals to linger and interact. The renovated historic train station and the western edge of the CBD become capable of blending seamlessly with the new busway station, ensuring the sites are connected with several points of attractions and serves as a model for the development of the whole area. With the story of Thomas, who is a younger adult living with his family in one of the new residential developments we have a sense of the typical life of a resident within the strategic development site. Thomas works nearby and usually walks his kids to school before continuing on to work, while his wife commutes downtown from the station. The busway station becomes the fi nal gathering point for the family as they grab breakfast before continuing on their daily routines. During the afternoon or weekend, the station is again the spot of interactions where ones can meet friends, or make new connections. Envision The Way forward for Wilkinsburg is through it’s Community. Using the community as a Catalyst for change to occur will always be pivotal for any future development. In recognizing, respecting, and rejuvenating the community, a change in the dynamics of what Wilkinsburg is will come. Wilkinsburg has the potential to be… A community of urban farms which will feed 10% of the population. The next community to house tech startups and maker spaces The community with strong community centers capable of reeducating the population at every stage of their lives. A community that takes care of seniors and provides a welcoming atmosphere for them to thrive. The Borough known for the a Great Marketplace. The Borough known for an active civic life. The Borough where you’d want to live, work, and play.
Funktown Market. “Food to a large extent is what holds a society together and eating is closely linked to deep spiritual experiences”. - Peter Farb and George Armelagos
Period: January 2017. Location: Chicago, Il. Main academic areas: research and concept design, 3D and 2D drawings, diagrams, boards, competition leadership. Position: Urban designer. Team: Paul Moscoso and four others. Coordinator: Paul Moscoso.
Chicago’s industry has had a long-standing relationship with food. The FunkTown Market is an intervention that considers this rich food history and oers a holistic experience to all aspects related. The strategy is to boost the industrial – commercial north branch of the Chicago River corridor, along with the addition of institutions and residential units to the site. In today’s culture, cities and food are exponentially expanding and transforming. People are becoming ignorant of the methods involved in what they consume, leading to unhealthy habits. Along with this, food is being wasted at enormous levels. Socially and economically we need to address certain questions; are we aware of the value of food? From an urban perspective, are people conscious of the risks involved? Can we propose a new way of thinking? Consequently, the intent of the scheme is to strengthen the relation between three facets of food that are essential: Product, Process, and People. A city is symbolized by its energetic music and food identity. The design synthesizes this idea and proposes a site where Chicagoans will not only awake their consciousness on food, but also, work, live and enjoy the space. The Funktown Market is the focal and central point of the project, linking all the other parts of the scheme. The market extends itself into an open plaza as a platform to exchange, expand and engage. The proposal offers office spaces for enterprises within the food industry. Laboratories and Research and Development Centers are provided which would work in collaboration with universities. Also, a Convention Center offers space for a variety of uses such as Community Kitchens and Practice Restaurants both open to public and to the advantage of the private tenants. Likewise, the project intends to revive jobs with Manufacturing Facilities. By providing amenities like microbreweries and apiaries, people have the opportunity to engage in food production as well. In addition, mixed income residential units, a business hotel and a SOHO district (small-office-home-office) will encompass the proposal. Ultimately, the fundamental idea is to bring together the food producer, the seller, and the consumer. The Waterfront is entirely designed for public use to welcome residents and visitors with an array of integrated spaces such as Open theaters, phytoremediation islands, energy farms, community gardens, as well as public promenades, bike paths, and two pedestrian bridges to promote integrity with the rest of the city. Green spaces include innovative concepts like edible landscapes where anyone can hand pick fresh products and learn about local food. The Home Depot has been retained and reconditioned. A partnership with them will provide shared space for parking. Using the market would be beneficial to their business by increase in revenues by their own sales. Fur-
thermore, the FunkTown Market is strongly focused on building a green and healthy environment to cater to its growing ecosystems. Storm water management, energy production, and waste management center are part of this. Financials The area around Chicago River has been transforming over the last decade, increasing its value and the demand for residential, commercial and office projects. The project has the vision of maintaining Chicagoâ€™s manufacturing heritage and food history, in conjunction with offices, a hotel, an innovation center, and mixed-income residences that will provide employment, entertainment, and housing in an environment that promotes innovation while maintaining and respecting the cityâ€™s traditions. The total investment is $648 M, which will be financed 24.5% with equity, 40% with debt and the remaining portion with the reinvestment of cash flows. The project will be developed in three phases. The project has an unlevered IRR of 16.91% and a levered IRR of 28.38%, both before taxes. Site A will be used for two five-floor premium office buildings (the first floor will be designated for retail), a five-floor innovation center, a mix of residence buildings and startup offices, a hotel, and a one-floor market. Site B and a portion of Site A will be used for manufacturing facilities. Finally, Site C will consist of six residence buildings of four to six stories height. Partnerships and Acquisitions The project acquires Site A for $125 M, considering precedent transactions around the area. Additionally, it requires an acquisition of 0.53 acres of the Home Depot parking. In exchange, the project offers Home Depot an equity investment of 3.8% and the redevelopment of the current parking lot and the waterfront around the store. Phase I Phase I will require an investment of $253 M for the development of three residential buildings, one office building, a retail market, three manufacturing facilities, a leasable area for an institution with a convention center and four underground parking lots, together with the development of a waterfront and landscape.
This phase will be financed by $224 M in loan proceeds payable in 15 years with a 4.5% interest rate, initially representing an LTV of 43%, and by $159 M in equity investments from the developer, Home Depot, and outside investors. Phase II Phase II will consist of five office buildings, five residential buildings, two manufacturing facilities, a waste treatment facility, a hotel, and three underground parking lots, along with further development of the waterfront and common areas. This phase will be fully financed by $101 M in loan proceeds payable in 15 years with a 4.5% interest rate. Phase III The final phase will consist of an office building, three residential buildings, and an underground parking. It will be fully financed by project reinvestment proceeds. Future development The anticipated value of the project in 2028 is $1.2 billion. This calculation does not consider the potential value increase due to the development of surrounding areas such as the Finkl Steel site or the lots next to site C. It is recommended to collaborate with future developers to provide river and road access to the area and to ensure that the project and their plans are aligned to provide value to all the investors.
City within the City. Period: September 2016 December 2016. Location: Pittsburgh, PA. Main academic areas: Research and concept design, 3D and 2D drawings, diagrams, boards. Position: Urban designer. Team: Paul Moscoso and Chun Zheng. Coordinator: Stefan Gruber and Stefani Danes.
Introduction The proposal “the City within the City” recognizes the diversity of uses, building types and densities within East Liberty and along the Penn Avenue corridor, as one of the neighborhoods essential characteristics. Meanwhile, the distinct qualities of the respective urban conditions are at risk of being diluted as the neighborhood develops without comprehensive vision. Thus, this project aims at preserving and strengthening the unique characteristics of the different urban fabrics by pursuing a strategy of defragmentation. It suggests consolidating a medium dense mixed-used urban core around the historic center of East Liberty while maintaining the low density of the residential neighborhood around it. The contrasting between these two sections could it be seen as city walls contained and densified the urbanization of medieval city. This scheme envisions populating with a new denser mixed-use development along Euclid Avenue and Station Street that marks a distinction to a green redeveloped low-rise neighborhood around it, where isolated residential units mix with open spaces. In “the City Within the City” scheme we propose to distinguish between two unique elements. Based on the distinctive commercial and cultural vocation of East Liberty’s historic center and taking advantage of its excellent regional connectivity, we propose to fill in existing gaps with more ground floor retail, complemented with offices and housing on the upper four-to-five levels. This medium density, but deliberately urban mix of uses, will be anchored by existing big-box retailers, which we propose to relocate to the corners of the central core. In contrast, the prevailing fine grain residential urban fabric should be maintained and redeveloped to connect existing neighborhood fragments. These neighborhoods are organized around existing parks with distinct identities creating meaningful public places, and ultimately, providing a familiar and intimate environment. The two areas meet in Euclid Avenue and Station Street, which means a contrasting change of scale in the urban fabric, to lessen the abrupt change, we propose mid-rise units with green balconies that bring the horizontal greenery to the vertical level. The proposal is directly related to the area and population we projected. A low-density neighborhood expected a third of the total population, while the medium-density zone has the majority of people within the less area. Concept Three main organizational concepts define our scheme “The City within the City.” Diversity Along Penn Avenue: Coming from downtown Pittsburgh, along Penn Avenue, an observer experiences a great diversity of neighborhoods and urban morphologies. Our proposal embraces and underlines this diversity by means of juxtaposition and treating each segment according to their own logic. The distinct neighborhoods compose an “exquisite corpse” that one experiences moving along Penn Avenue. By observing the diverse environments along Penn Avenue, like the photos, there are local business districts, medium density commercial areas and also quiet neighborhoods. We want for our scheme to strengthen the characteristic of each neighborhood, and to follow this pattern of diversity.
Containing Density: Based on the condition of the historic center of East Liberty before the 1950s, a bustling neighborhood with many cultural and commercial activities, the scheme aims to revitalize the downtown. Therefore, the proposal addresses not only the physical form but also the uses and attractions of the neighborhood. Thus, the low-density neighborhood wrapping up the medium-density city core also ensures the future urban pattern of East Liberty. For this, it is necessary to sort the existing Target, Whole Foods, and Home Depot, consequently, we propose to redefine the boundary of downtown East Liberty with big box retails. Contrasting Density: By tracing back to the history of East Liberty, we find these two urban patterns always present in the neighborhood. First, the low-rise blocks, as of the rest of Pittsburgh, with a considerable expansion at the end of the XIX century and early twentieth century. Next, the vertical development of the central core until the 1950s, then again during the urban renewal era, and ultimately with the new constructions of the current times. Our scheme low-density neighborhood reintegrates the residential spaces into the widespread areas already existing. And lastly, the medium-density core encompass the unique mix-uses values of the historic center. Open Space Open spaces are divided into five categories. Green spaces are used as parks with distinct characters and considerations. Pedestrian friendly zones can be accessed by car, but pedestrians are prioritized. Centralized parking are spaces used for parking during regular working hours but that be used for leisure activities during off hours and could be transformed into public spaces in the future. Points of Attraction The central core of East Liberty has many points of attractions directly related to the main roads. The historic center has preserved or revitalized many
Concept diagrams and exquisite corpse idea
1. Enright Parklet • Size: 0,92 acre • Features: PreK, Rain Garden
2. Garland Park • Size: 2,77 acres • Features: Cover deck - Pavilion, Community Center (Old Fire Department Building), Multi-purpose field
3. Highland-Liberty Park • Size: 1,14 acre • Features: Shelters, Community Garden, Rain Garden
of the original cultural uses. Nonetheless, commercial retail in the form of big boxes are scattered in the residential zones. To solve this issues, we are proposing resorting the commercial buildings within the central core with big city boxes on the central core of the scheme. Housing We suggest mixing affordable and market-rate housing keep the neighborhood socially and economically diversity and accessible for all. In the low-den-
sity, the typologies follow the principle of single units with yards, while on the medium-density mix of uses developments over the ground floor retail. Medium-Density statement This typical section through the medium-density area illustrates our approach to the typology of mixed-use residential and commercial buildings, including parking and the transition to the low-rise residential area. The mixed-use buildings consist of ground-floor retail and apartment housing on the upper floors. Shop windows and entrances face Euclid Avenue and Beatty Street concentrating activities and public life. Traffic is reorganized and parking arranged along streets for short term customers, as well as in the back alleys for residents. The double-loaded apartment housing features smaller affordable units, as well as market rate duplex units with rooftop gardens. The rooftop gardens and vertical green vegetation can still maintain the housing quality in a medium-density area. Low-Density statement The low-rise zoom-in section is taken at Enright Park; it follows the same principles as the entire scheme. Here public space is given priority over car traffic and parking, despite the assumption of car ownership. Hence, by sorting parking more efficiently, we aim at liberating space for public use and leisure activities of residents and visitors. Moreover, by clustering parking in groups, we turn the alleys into a green network for pedestrian movement, which renders the blocks more permeable and increases connectivity throughout.
Perspective Street Life.
Perspective Neighborhood life.
BuildUP 2018 the city as festival.
Architecture Exploration (AE): Saturday Sequence.
Urban design intro media.
Urbanbench 3D Print.
ractical work as a professional architect brings different perspectives that throughout university life are not easily understood. Students are not necessarily called to comprehend that, but outside the classroom, architecture can have many di erent facets, which may even be contradictory to what we used in school.
students cannot apply theory without understanding real practice. The two projects presented are examples of this at- tempt to learn and discover. The rst is my rst venture into the world of scienti c research, a project that studies the landscape, urban planning, architecture and heritage of Cuenca, and seeks to understand the city under the Historic Urban Landscape model, which en- compasses the aforementioned perspectives. It’s been a learning experience to nd that the city of Cuenca faces major challenges but is able to bear and empow- er them positively after seeing through experts and citizens that the city can propose more human spaces, preserve their heritage, safeguard their environment, and cooperate among its inhabitants.
For me, professional work is a way to understand soci- ety. Ecuador is a country in the process of radical social and cultural changes, which have transformed the lives of its inhabitants, the physiognomy of cities and how people live, work, have fun, or study in them. Another motivation for professional work has been to under- stand the convoluted set of existing labor relations between private rms, clients, customers, and the state. Understanding that the designer cannot conceive projects on a whim, and that workplace decisions should be made between the architect and the othr actors to set a successful project.
The second is a consultancy project that resulted from a national design competition where I was part of the projection of the proposal and the work of drawing. This is a project that tries to revalue a very important place in southern Quito with an idea to implement various government agencies in a single site. The criteria was radically transformed by proposing a single building for o ces while the bulk of the available space is given to the city as parks, squares, and public space in general.
As a young professional, my motivation has been to learn and discover how projects should be understood according to conventional practices and how what I’ve learned in my student years is applicable. There is a phrase in Spanish that says, “the blueprints hold every- thing”. For me, this means that
2017 STUDIO GRUBER: Hiding in Plain Sight 2016 Boris Albornoz Arquitectos: Parque La Libertad 2016 Moscoso Arquitectos: Villa Elena 2012 Boris Albornoz Arquitectos: Ministry of social development.
STUDIO GRUBER: HIDING IN PLAIN SIGHT.
Period: May 2017 – October 2017. Location: Pittsburgh, PA. Main academic areas: 3D model, wood/aluminum assembling, logistics and programming. Position: Junior designer. Team: Paul Moscoso and four others. Coordinator: Stefan Gruber. Link: http://www.betaburgh. com/studiogruber.html
“Hiding in Plain Sight,”, a project by STUDIOGRUBER, is a pedal-powered pop-up movie theater. Citizens Visitors are invited to climb onto a bike and pedal in order to see view unique short films, including several historic Pittsburgh-themed pieces. Rather than passively consuming moving images from ubiquitous media one must work out and engage. But in order to generate sufficient electric power and to activate the projection, participants need to cooperate and become team players. Thus, the idea is that “Hiding in Plain Sight” is a public performance that turns passers-by into actors and a necessary piece of the show. The purpose of the piece is to encourage, strangers into team players encouraging casual encounters and playful interaction among passers-by strangers, while raising thought provoking questions about the nature of public space, our health, and energy consumption. “Hiding in Plain Sight” will activate the Four Gateway Center Plaza for two weeks as a project of BetaBurgh and is free and open to the public. STUDIOGRUBER is an architecture and urbanism office with a specific expertise in the design and activation of public space. Our services encompass master plans, building and streetscape design to temporary interventions in public space. All our projects seek civic engagement and community participation. The installation “Hiding in Plain Sight” invites you to climb onto a bike and pedal into another reality. Here, rather than passively consuming moving images from the ubiquitous media that is at your fingertips, you need to work out and participate. Pedaling will generate electric power and activate the projection. The movie theater, doubling as a bike trailer, will pop-up in Pittsburgh to activate public space, inciting casual encounters among strangers.
IN THE PUBLIC SPACE
BORIS ALBORNOZ ARQUITECTOS: PARQUE LA LIBERTAD CULTURAL CENTER. Period: May 2015 – April 2016. Location: Cuenca - Ecuador. Main academic areas: 3D model, 2D plans and technical details, coordination of design team. Position: Junior designer. Team: Paul Moscoso and four others. Coordinator: PhD. Boris Albornoz. Link: http://www.borisalbornoz.com/
The project “Parque La Libertad” is located in the north of the city of Cuenca, in the Bellavista neighborhood. It is located in the grounds of the old men’s prison, which was transferred in 2014 to a new location, and the municipal warehouses. In total, the space is approximately 1.5 hectares. When the prison was still in use, these spaces had a feeling of insecurity among the residents of the neighborhood. The Municipality of Cuenca, with the purpose of generating a space of use and enjoyment for all citizens, proposed the design of a park and new multipurpose buildings. The name of “La Libertad” (Liberty) comes in contrast to the imprisonment that represented this space. The intervention tries to balance the inequality of public space in the city, which in the case of Cuenca currently privileges the center and south areas, without having a significant civic space in the north. Additionally, the location is strategic since it is close to a university and a school, so it becomes a new centrality for the city, generating a space of cohesion and encounter, both for residents of the neighborhood and for the inhabitants of the city. This building of the former prison, demands a deep understanding of the context, the history, and a process to renovate from its current condition. When we first visited the building, it was in a high state of deterioration due to the massive and continuous overcrowding. The City of Cuenca has proposed to recover the structure as a way to preserved the legacy of such important architecture structure and show the original brick building. The idea is to change its repressive and restricted use to an open and free building for all artistic and cultural expressions of citizens. For this, a study was carried out consolidating its structure, eliminating the attached buildings and releasing the elements that harm its structure. This building has a “U” type, with a central patio and with portals around it. It shows a symmetry that orders the space and makes it a building that can receive different uses. For the renovation process, it has been considered to reinforce its lime and brick walls to the interior, to change all the floors and the roof. Likewise, the current roof of the patio is modified by an inclined roof that allows connecting this building with the Parque La Libertad. One main idea that drives the design proposal is that the closed structure of the building (characteristic of the use given as a jail) is transformed into an open structure towards the city, opening all the facades with spaces that allow connecting with the exterior. With the intervention of the park, a building that was considered by the residents in the adjacent community as insecure and dangerous is substantially improved, and at the same time, an existing building is re-used, adapting it to the new needs of the sector and providing a service to the citizens. The proposal is to turn it into a center of municipal services. All the new spaces have the intentions to be a hub for public events, such as free internet room, music room, multimedia and cinema room, games room, offices for public attendance, pharmacy, cafeteria, among others.
Landscape plant project.
Landscape plant project.
CONSTRUCTIVE PROCESS / JANUARY 2018.
MOSCOSO ARQUITECTOS: HACIENDA ELENA. Period: January 2015 – December 2016. Location: Santa Ana, Ecuador. Main academic areas: research and concept design, 3D and 2D drawings, construccion coordination. Position: Architect designer and construction. Team: Paul Moscoso and three others. Coordinator: Paul Moscoso and Miguel Moscoso (father) Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BaP0HRWkqWM
This project is located in the rural parish of Santa Ana, Cuenca, Ecuador. It was a hacienda-type abandoned house for decades, and once the intervention was made, it obtained a radical transformation. The property that has belonged for several generations in the family, it was once sustenance of grains (corn) and fruits (capulí, nuts, peaches, and apples), sheep wool and milk for the family based in the city. The house as such was never permanently inhabited, and if it was, it must have been in a very modest way since it lacked bathrooms and kitchen in its modern conception. Of grandparents and other relatives who were once in the place when it still functions as an active asset, remember the times of sowing and harvest, the family meetings and celebrations, or the sporadic walks for which the house served as shelter against the outer elements, granary or cellar. The real use of housing had a small construction adjacent to the hacienda house, a small structure for an indigenous family, who resided on the site to guard the property and take care of plants and animals. In 2015, the reconstruction of the hacienda began with the purpose to create a new residence. To this year due to the lack of maintenance and overuse, its physical structure and stability were in dire condition. The big house had severe stability problems, leaks of rainwater that caused the walls to lose their verticality, the whole house was crooked, and its wooden roof had signs of being very moth-eaten and damaged. There were break walls, uneven floors, the added bathrooms no longer work. While in the small house, the roof was about to fall, in fact, while the cleaning task was carried out, it collapsed without causing harm to anyone. Its earth block walls exposed were in seriously poor condition. Due to the rainy season, and, even without definitive designs, many cleaning and removal tasks were initiated with the aim of protecting the original structures while the designs and drawings were being made. The initial design approach is to reinforce and maintain the physical integrity of the hacienda and respect the preexisting conditions of vernacular architecture. Subject to a self-criticism as intervenors in the built heritage, it was decided that every new addition should show the contemporaneity of the materials and forms. Thus, for the new use of housing, it was decided that the wet spaces are located on the outer sides of the original structure. In this way, kitchen and bathrooms are part of the house but not inside it. Another challenge is to link the two plants that have never been connected. Under the initial criteria, when making a connection it must be exempt from the original structure. This idea was an opportunity to treat the sloping outer walls and with clear signs of unprotection. The need to reinforce the walls and create a vertical connection generate the idea of the glass cube and steel frame. This element fulfills its connecting function with a spiral staircase and becomes a buttress of the original earth walls. As a design fashion, it was proposed to respect the existing trees, so this cube is cantilevered two meters to save a tree of capulí. On the upper floor, the granary barn is replaced by a library and reading space. By not needing to preserve the original area, it is decided to release the ceilings over the dining room, the hall, and living rooms. This opening generates a double height that serves as a visual connection between several levels of the house. The Hacienda Elena witnesses the desire for architectural design to be respectful of the context and history. As a space with heavily emotional weight, it’s recovery serves as a mechanism to see architecture as a pursue for revive old family life. Traditional techniques are rescued when applied in original spaces, while contemporary technical and aesthetic demands respond to new additions. The project unifies and harmonizes spaces and uses, and tries to generate a dialogue between the past and the present.
Axonometric Hacienda Elena.
Lower level Hacienda Elena.
Project Built./ Photo: By Nicolรกs Provoste.
DESIGN OF THE HEADQUARTERS BUILDING FOR THE MINISTRY OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT.
Period: September 2010 February 2011. Location: Quito - Ecuador. Main academic areas: Urban design, architecture design. Position: Architecture junior designer. Team: Paul Moscoso, and six others. Coordinator: PhD. Boris Albornoz. Link: http://arquitecturacomunidad.blogspot. com/2012/08/blogpost.htmlGenda cor minumet molorem ius dusandis expernam fugit et fug
The project aims to solve the problems of poor dispersion and inadequacy of many of the physical spaces in which ministries and public entities currently operate in Quito. The study area is 5.6 hectares and is located South of the city of Quito. The project will contain ministries, departments, institutes and common areas. The main building area is around 80,000 sqm with a public space area of almost 40,000 sqm. An important development is the concept of a distinctly space; most of its areas are given to users and residents of the surrounding neighborhoods. Thus, the proposed designed space offers pedestrians and employees generous green areas to enjoy. This verdant comfortable recreational atmosphere is replete with water fountains, park fixtures, and walking paths, all located in the middle of a metropolitan area. The work process was carried out through an office of architects, designers and several engineers. For a work of this scale, technical studies were developed in great detail and precision. Which impacted on training for us as architect junior designer. Studies on structural, electrical, plumbing, mechanical, electronics and automation were among the fields of work covered. Finally the great contribution of the team was the implementation of an integral landscape and urban design study for the project site and surrounding areas. This gave an enhancement to the work in order to allowe and explode the intervening areas for communal use. Thus, the future project could become a particular highlight of coexistence for the neighborhood, and workers in the government project.
B. Arch Projects
onto the public space, in order to evaluate the concepts learned in the School of Architecture. Thus, the two projects submitted are a palpable vision of the public space and its rehabilita- tion in seeking results that meet the needs of the site, which also serves as a mechanism to reverse weakening threats and challenges. This rehabilitation is capable of integrating opportu- nities for development, and strengthening the degraded space for all its users, pedestrians, and citizens.
he University of Cuenca proposed a variety of tasks that I, as a student, should face using di erent strategies and tools in order to con- ceive a project. The themes and applications of urban-architectural methodologies implementation in the public space of cities and urban environments are varied and complex. The rehabilitation of degraded public space takes on a special hue, since the action lends itself to countless debates and di erent conceptions that somehow always look to improve the places to act.
These two projects were the main focus of my studies. The rst one is my thesis for my bachelor degree as an architect. It consists of an intervention in Salinas - coastal city of Ecuador whose waterfront has been seen seriously degraded, but it remains as one of the most important tourist destinations of the country; thus, the potential and the repercussions of its rehabilitation are signi cant. The second project is the intervention into a traditional historic neighborhood which has been severely com- promised by high vehicular tra c, pollution, the obsolete use of the plaza and park, and the lack of security for its inhabitants. The project aims to address the problems and assess the space not only as a social and cultural activator, but as a new attraction for the city.
It is how we understand di erent aspects like the space in the cities, the connection to the people who use the space, the activities taking place in it, the perspective of the place in the future when new applications or enhancements are conceived, among several other factors that lead to results which are considered satisfacto- ry. We cannot forget the cultural background of the designer and their working environment. Urban design has the potential to formulate and answer many of the questions that urban realities face right now. The projects presented are an attempt to understand and project
2014 Thesis: Chipipe Waterfront 2017 Research: Historic Urban Landscape, Cuenca. 2018 San Roque analysis and study
ARCHITECTURAL AND URBAN DESIGN PROJECT FOR THE REHABILITATION OF THE WATERFRONT OF CHIPIPE - SALINAS, ECUADOR.
Period: November 2012 December 2014. Location: Salinas - Ecuador. Main academic areas: urban design, urban planning. Position: Author. Team: Paul Moscoso Pedro Moncayo. Institution: Universidad de Cuenca, School of Architecture. Coordinator: PhD. Boris Albornoz. Link: http://dspace. ucuenca.edu.ec/handle/123456789/20972
The following work is the result of an extensive analysis and diagnosis of elements in the neighborhood of Chipipe, Salinas- a place that easily welcomes new and innovative academic debates about their future projects and design, making it an appropriate and dynamic choice for a thesis projects. The project was drawn by building a theoretical framework, studying the historical context and delimitation of space for a comprehensive diagnosis, and giving a range of strategies for a preliminary design, accompanied by user and residents reviews to have an integral nal design vision. The proposal works around a longitudinal axis which converts the waterfront from a simple border to a travelling medium to different parts of the area. It aims to break the discontinuity of access that forms in between the extremes of Chipipe from the city to the beach so a pedestrian can easily move from one point to another without any physical obstacles and with all the freedom to use paths at different levels. Complementary to the selected site, a variety of facilities for commercial activities and services have also been taken into consideration and proposed. At the end of the waterfront, two large urban facilities are suggested to be implemented to diversify and enrich the life of the city. To complete the design, two tourist areas will seek to attract people that will be able to enjoy the trans guration of the city and its natural space and create/ instill a sense of recovery and positive experience of public spaces. The project must be conceived with various stages of work. The rst being collecting information and relevant literature, urban analysis, and historical study. The design stages of the proposal resulted in mapping techniques and diagrams. To display the nal result, extensive plans, sections, facades, construction details, and 3D modeling for visual perspectives were necessary. Finally, a model and a video animation of the route were created.
Restrictions on public use of the areas of salinas.
Santa Elena Peninsula, the city of Salinas and surrounding areas.
Urban: Linking the waterfront with the entire region.
Urban: New communication of different waterfronts.
Urban: Integration of waterfronts and city.
Land use, socio economic activities and facilities.
Santa Elena Peninsula, the city of Salinas and surrounding areas.
Proposed urban â€œImage of the Cityâ€? with the waterfront as the core development.
Boardwalk: free spaces and pedestrian priority.
Boardwalk: transverse and longitudinal section.
Naval base: Section: the educational axis and the hill viewpoint.
HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE, CUENCA. Period: November 2014-Now. Location: Cuenca - Ecuador. Main academic areas: Historic Urban Land- scape. Position: Research assistant. Institution: Universidad de Cuenca, School of Architecture and Urban Planning. Team: Paul Moscoso, and four others. Coordinator: PhD. Julia Rey. Link: http://www.historicurbanlandscape. com/index.php?classid=6043&id=38&t=show
The objective of this project is the application of the model of the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL), considered an innovative modality of heritage conservation. This is understood more as a management tool than a new protection model. And it is in this new need to work in the city as a whole where our project works with the objective of applying to the city of Cuenca. Since the definition of HUL forces us to work on the project with all those disciplines that have something to contribute in the construction of the city. But, we not only need different disciplines to study the city, its HUL, and its heritage, we need the contribution of the citizen that inhabits it. So we have the consideration of the citizen as the main protagonist of this project. From this, the three objectives or characteristics thatdefine the research are established: the new heritage view, the interdisciplinary work, and the prominence of the citizen. The condition of conservation of the tangible cultural heritage of the city, which is seriously deteriorated, along with the international intervention policies in urban complexes beginning with sustainable measures, has been what has revealed the need to delineate a research methodology that allows the application of the HUL paradigm and which would be able to: 1. Evaluate Cuencaâ€™s state of preservation, 2. Define the cultural values of the city beyond the ones identified in the UNESCO declaration of 1999, 3. Identify the urban, architectural, tourism, landscape, economic, social, and spatial impacts that affect the heritage values of the whole, 4. Prepare a Manual of Good Practices that, starting from the heritage values of the city help in defining the intervention strategies in the historic city, and of urban growth in the city proper. Finally, the project will persue the elaboration of a series of Urban Indicators that make it possible to evaluate, monitor, and control those heritage values that included Cuenca in the category of World Heritage City. Currently, the HUL_Cuenca Project has completed most phases, which apart from contributing to a deeper knowledge of the city, contributes to a more precise definition of the landscape units through the overlap of a series of value layers. The information obtained from the different sectorial studies is abundant, and in fact, unique, considering information that has never before been studied in the case of Cuenca. Recapitulating the project work, the team started with ideas over the landscape of Cuenca reflected in drawings on planes (see figure 1). Then, by adding the theoretical framework of HUL, it was possible to continue collecting information in the field and later mapping it in digital systems using GIS software to the next study and reflection (see figure 2-5). Two pilot units were defined for in-depth study, with the criteria of their uniqueness in the city (see figure 6). Finally, with all the plethora of information, we are currently at the stage of determining the causes of these two outstanding units (see figure 7-10) for subsequent production of a final proposal for action on the landscape and conclusions.
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Convento de San Francisco 0
Patrimonial Área Verde
Tramos Plazas Pertenece
Convento de El Carmen
SIMBOLOGÍA Las Herrerías
ANALYSIS AND STUDY OF THE SAN ROQUE NEIGHBORHOOD. Period: March 2012 â€“ August 2012. Location: Cuenca - Ecuador. Main academic areas: Urban design, urban renewal, heritage. Position: B. Arch Team: Paul Moscoso, and six other students. Institution: Universidad de Cuenca, School of Architecture and Urban Planning. Coordinator: Soledad Moscoso, Fausto Cardoso, Jaime Guerra, Gustavo Lloret
The proposalâ€™s main objective was to activate and regenerate the activities that take place in the central plaza of the San Roque neighborhood. The proposal intended to provide a dynamic public space that residents and visitors are part of and feel is their space. The proposal also sought to create an urban space that can generate one of identity. This was achieved by juxtaposing existing design elements with new ones. The scope of this proposal was directly related to the radical importance of public space in the neighborhood. Likewise, it was projected in the urban context in which the area is located. As this is a site that has great historical value for the city, any intervention must respect the cultural and architectural heritage that are part of the city of Cuenca. Thus, the context transcendentally marks the design. The reason for the action is that the square is the focal point within the neighborhood. Its relationship with the church and the city makes the space a landmark or reference. Its main religious, cultural, and recreational activities are what give life to this space. From this initial reflection, we conclude that the place will always have a considerable number of people occupying the site or passing through it. The Loja Avenue, the main street passing through the immediate project, is a road with several problems that have not been resolved. The high speed of the cars, congestion during rush hour traffic, and pollution are the main problems. The architectural design project applied is the result of the study of the historical site, the urban analysis of the present state, and participation of citizen opinion surveys. The presence of elements in the center of the square, like a monument, fountain, and small trees, limit the integral reading of the site. It was proposed to free the central atrium, and limit its edges by furniture and vegetation. The green areas were respected. It was implemented a protective barrier with vegetation on Loja Ave. The team worked to achieve an appropriate balance between rigid limestone and soft grass surfaces with adequate degradation. Unifying levels across the square will make the place accessible to everyone. The surrounding streets were designed at the same level as the plaza. The intention of this system is to reduce vehicle speeds and configure the entire neighborhood with the same spatial unity. A modulation of the limestones, which is intended to continue in the direction of the church was chosen as a key element of the place. Finally, we decided to make a detailed design exercise on the most appropriate fixtures. In developing the project, we worked in several phases. The first phase consisted of an analysis of site conditions and outline of ideas that would generate future proposals. The sketches were a useful tool at this stage, as seen in the top left figure. The second phase of work consisted of zoning the initial ideas. The third phase was a realization of the second phase but at the level of precise detail, which scaled the work properly. The upper right and lower right figures show this development. Finally, the work focused on drawing architectural blueprints. In addition to the urban and architectural work, an important annex was the design of urban fixtures that were able to give an additional aspect that enriched the final project and created a rewarding experience for all team members.
1st phase: draft of project ideas.
2nd phase: outline zoning proposal.
3rd phase: drawing and final sizing.
VOLUNTARY PROJECTS & EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
olunteering is one of the most bene tial experience to me, and I think that architecture enables people to nd ways to support the future. Volunteering allows you to set yourself free of mental ties produced by stress. It also draws you closer to people from di erent walks of life, and maybe these people are much more valuable than you thought and really need support. You can not know much about them but getting out of your comfort zone and confronting various places and situations can help you to mature and grow as a human being. Finally, architecture should serve everyone, but, unfortunately, the service is focused on certain actors. Often by economic power, volunteering can open access to other realities.
king group to brainstorm a possible solution for a more accessible and free city - rethinking its waterfront as a place of destination and the relocation of their economic activities. Furthermore, the support of the local university and other organizations involved allowed the mayor to access the pro- posal and consider our ideas. The second project was the opportunity to lead my rst workshop abroad in a community in southern Bolivia. The workshop consisted of a multinational group of people proposing and constructing a public space for the town of Villa Abecia. The space given was located between a school and a cemetery. The main consider- ations were the views of the mountains from the site and the absence of places for children and the elderly, to the point that children used graves as places to play and study tables while the elders had no choice but to sit on the ground without protection from the intense sun. The work took place between volunteers and the villagers. First, to plan the development of the area. Then, to start the construction of unoccupied areas surrounding the cemetery. Finally, with the appropriation of the space for the local people and the transformation into new places where they gradually may become more useful for the whole community, our work was complete.
The projects presented are examples of the experience o ered freely to two di erent groups. The rst project was a workshop where we o ered our help to study and propose a change for the waterfront of the city of Manta. The area of study is part of the port, industrial and transportation areas concentrated in the downtown, to the detriment of pedestrians and people who use the waterfront to pass be- tween points. It also create a coast blocked by construction, and minimum public open space. As tutor to the workshop, I was presented the opportunity to lead a wor-
2014 Huasipichanga 2014 Workshop Pampa Tukuyninpa 2014 Workshop Up To Date 2014 CLEA activities and involvements
HUASIPICHANGA: SOCIAL WORK COLLECTIVE Period: November 2014-Now. Location: di erent locations Ecuador. Main academic areas: Collective of Social . Position: Founding member and team leader. Team: Paul Moscoso, and ten members. Link: http://issuu.com/huasipichanga/docs/colectivo_huasipichanga
Huasipichanga is a transdisciplinary collective formed by young people with a university education who are proactive and concerned about social issues with the desire of prompting changes. Our intention is to create social awareness and promote proactiveness through acts that inspire others to replicate the actions that will meet the needs of people who coexist in a particular space. Although many young people dream of working on di erent projects, stereotypes pressure them to work in an established system, without the opportunity to choose their own guidelines and working methodologies. So, we want to break the mold and open minds. Stop thinking, “How much am I going to earn in my work?” Start thinking, “How much can I contribute to society with my work? Do I really like what I do? What results do I want to achieve?” Thinking beyond ourselves requires rst knowing what others need; then thinking what can you do for them and how. Each person lives totally di erent experiences and sharing them is what creates true knowledge! That’s why Huasipichanga is a space to exchange and change! - Why did we choose that name? It comes from the words in Quechua HUASIPICHAI: “housewarming”, and Spanish slang PACHANGA: “Party”. - What do we do? We seek to achieve two kinds of objectives: those speci c to each of the projects that we set and these general objectives: Create awareness in youth demonstrating the national reality and social inequality through projects that link us with the community to create interaction between both parties. Remove the indi erent attitude and lack of initiative of young people in terms of social issues. Promote the integral formation of young people by identifying and strengthening their skills, eliminating common stereotypes, and encouraging them to create their own work guidelines and entrepreneurship. Promote pro-activity and self- management for problem-solving. - How do we do that? Under a methodology based on our experiences and specially created under the concept of transdisciplinarity, which will be re ected in each of the following step: 1. Diagnosis: Conduct eldwork to demostrate the existing problems and get to know the community organization. 2. Project: Validate possible solutions and determine a project with direct participation of the community. 3. Traning volunteers: People who participate in the development of the project take part in every implementation and execution of activities and will are trained with lectures, workshops, and seminars in accordance to the relevant topic. 4. Project execution: All players part of the project implementation depending on its schedule. 5. Conclusions: The results of the project are evaluated for their impact on the di erent actors and seek optimal strategies for dissemination (publications, exhibitions, etc.)
Huasipichanga 01: work with children and citizens.
Huasipichanga 01: completion of the intervention.
Huasipichanga 02: Shaggli playground.
Huasipichanga 02: child using one of the games facilities.
Huasipichanga 02: child using one of the games facilities.
Huasipichanga 03: ephemeral spaces.
Huasipichanga 03: improvisational theater.
Huasipichanga 03: improvisational theater.
WORKSHOP PAMPA TUKUYNINPA: LOCAL IDENTITY, CLIMATE CONSTRUCTION, AUTHENTIC CONSTRUCTION. Period: April 2015. Location: Tarija- Bolivia. Main academic areas: Workshop, social urban design. Position: Tutor. Team: Paul Moscoso, 6 co-tutors, and 20 students from schools of architectura of Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador. Coordinator: Universidad Catolica Boliviana San Pablo, School of Architecture. Link: http://clealatinoamerica.com/evento. php?Evento=2
The Latin American Social Workshop (TSL in Spanish), is an event organized by CLEA, a non-pro t organization formed by architecture students from throughout Latin America that year after year look to encounter and address di erent problems of planning, design, and landscaping, in various parts of Latin America in order to build awareness of commitment to their culture and social work. The workshop was held during the month of April 2015 in the Valley of Cinti in southern Bolivia. The vinery landscape and the local community of the Cinti Valley inspire and motivate the global community to act and speak in this sociocultural context. Our work in Villa Abecia began with a tour and analisis of the site where team members from Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia were able interact directly with the enviroment and the community. Finally, it was identi ed that all positive factors for an intervention matched on one point: the cemetery. A highly spiritual place, seated on a natural slope that frames the best views and captures the uniqueness of the landscape, the cemetery is surrounded by areas of importance to the community. Through various participative design processes, we were able to conceive a project where free space is the leading aspect. Two points of intervention were established: the main access to the cemetery and subsequent spaces next to the stone walls of the lateral side of the cemetery. Design guidelines proposed areas of better accessibility, transit, and rest. Stone and guadua bamboo, local materials easy to obtain and inexpensive, would identify the design concept. Their use demonstrated their versatility of application. The entrance to the cemetery, is marked by a cross. Its location served to create a space of a very interesting symbolic complexity. It was understood that the entrance was marked out in an east-west axis that might have special spiritual considerations at some time during the year. For that reason, the design put the cross on this axis to mark an imaginary center to create concentric circles showing a geometric arrengement as the main feature of the place. The other point of intervention had two main elements: the stone wall of the cemetery and the view to the South Cinti Valley, creating a place with a highly signi cant visual impact. Adding new elements would have been detrimental. Thus, the design reinforces this visual property and is completed with the demarcation of the site. Seating, using the wall as support, complements this natural setting. As work progressed, there was a parallel project working with children from the village, which was based on creating a sense of belonging to the area of intervention. Through games the kids were tasked with jobs that had not been achieved before,like cleaning the area and educating people about the importance of taking care of common spaces. As part of the project, the towns people were asked to choose a name for the new park. After much consideration, there was a consensus to call the place, “Everyone’s Park”, or in Quechua, “Panpa Tukuyninpa”.
Constructive process TSL workshop (Latin American Social Workshop).
Sketch of the project in local stone.
Original condition of the place.
Storing construction materials.
Construction of the central square
Construction of the central square
People in the community working.
Square after finishing work.
Lateral square along the cemetery wall.
Bench to the square.
Square viewpoint of the valley.
CLEA ACTIVITIES AND INVOLVEMENTS
Period: September 2014 October 2015. Location: Different locations, Latin America. Main academic areas: Coordination, management, leadership. Position: Delegate and coordinator. Team: Paul Moscoso and four others. Coordinatior: Paul Moscoso. Link: https://www.facebook. com/CLEA.Latinoamerica/
CLEA (Spanish for Latin-American Architecture Students Assembly) is a non-profit organization comprised of 18 countries in Latin America. It started in the city of Maracaibo, Venezuela, when local students decided to group with the intention of channeling concerns about Latin American cities and architecture. The assembly of CLEA, is composed of two delegates from each member country, the work is done weekly virtually and physically twice a year in the Consultative Meetings that take place in different cities of the continent. The main events developed are the ELEA (Latin American Meeting of Architecture Students), and the TSL (Latin American Social Workshop). The Board of Directors of this organization is democratically elected for a one year term. For the electing term 2014-2015, I was elected president of the organization. During this year of work some of the questions that stood out when making decisions, coordinating an event or working in the organization, were: Why today’s architecture has not achieved constructive processes more respectful of nature and the environment? Why today’s architecture does not solve problems of urban habitability or provides public spaces where citizenship is fully exercised? Why our architecture has not solved the spatial problems caused by natural disasters and wars? Why do not you recognize the dignity of immigrants and immigrants, or respect the beauty and fragility of our indigenous communities? Why today’s architecture has not yet helped to solve human problems such as fear, loneliness, selfishness, and failure? Integrating into the discussion a real urban - architectural theme from the different venues of the events that took place, it was possible to enrich and enhance the perspectives of the students. The same year of work, CLEA celebrated 30 years of creation, thus the commitment was even more significant. The events that I directly participated managing where: a general meeting of coordinators in Ponce, Puerto Rico, the XXX Latin American Meeting of Architecture Students in Arequipa, Peru, and the XII Latin American Social Workshop in Tarija, Bolivia. Representing the flagship organization of Latin American architecture students was a learning experience that gave me the potential to be a leader for a large group of people and institutions that unite their efforts for untapped ends and for the common good. It was a position that stood out from the individualism that spreads today’s society for a collective benefit.
ELEA Arequipa, PerĂş. (Latin American Meeting of Architecture Students).
TSL Nicaragua (LatinAmerican Social Workshop).
TSL Nicaragua (LatinAmerican Social Workshop).
TSL Bolivia (LatinAmerican Social Workshop).
ELEA Arequipa, PerĂş. (Latin American Meeting of Architecture Students).
WORKSHOP: UP TO DATE
Period: August 2017. Location: Fredericia, Denmark. Main academic areas: Concept design, construction. Position: Urban designer, architect. Team: Paul Moscoso and Rita GorjĂŁo Henriques. Coordinator: Denis Plancque and Elena Sofia . Link: https://www.instagram.com/uptodate_easa17/
The house we were born in is an embodiment of a dream. All the other houses are but variations of that primordial memory. It exists for each one of us a oneiric house, a house of dreams, that is lost in the shadow. I must now show that the house has the greatest potential for the integration of the thoughts, memories, and dreams of mankind. By representing the archetypes of the traditional house. Living room, kitchen, garden, foyer, etc., we will place them around the town. Not as a room but as wallsâ€Śas frames. The goal of the workshop is to produce urban furniture that would add a domestical sense to a chosen public space. You will recognize domestic spaces in load-bearing walls, spread in the city, these walls bear, human memories and dreams. Each wall has its own attitude. Each frame represents an archetype, able to incubate and to hold different activities: living, connecting, producing, disclosing, informing, playing. The project starts with a pre-designed metal frame. Each frame hosts a function and a program decided by the participants. After studying the city of Fredericia, participants analyzed necessities and possibilities for the city and its population. In two weeks tutors and participants, have created these frames that gather functions in order to optimize the potential of each spot.
Workshop Up Date, EASA Denmark (European Assembly Students Architecture).
Constructive Process project.
Graduate Student 2018 Paul Moscoso Riofrio