José María Bonilla (1889–1957) Was a Guatemalan writer. He started his studies in Jalapa, he graduate of arts and sciences, he was a teacher of many classes in High School and then he became a famous writer.
La feria de Jocotenango (1944)
Efigies Líricas (1953)
Curso didáctico y razonado de gramática castellana (1923)
Mosaico de voces y locuciones viciosas (1930) Anotaciones crítico - didácticas sobre el poema del himno nacional de Guatemala (1935) Jalapa, emporio cultular de oriente (1943) Snobismo y psitacismo (1946) Acontencimiento bibliográfico (1956) Reseña Lexicográfica (1957) Nociones prácticas de lengua castellana y corrección del lenguaje (1957) Humo y humoradas
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Luis Alfredo Arango (1889–1957) Luis Alfredo Arango Enriquez is one of the most important poets in Guatemalan literature. He was born in 1935 in Totonicapán, located in the highlands of Guatemala situated 180 km from Guatemala City. The Arangos were part of the "ladino" circle of Totonicapán. They held important positions in the public administration and, while not rich, in relation to the Mayan population his family had more privileges than others. Luis Alfredo had access to elementary and high school studies. Arango, emigrated to the capital city to obtain the Teaching Certificate at Instituto Nacional Central para Varones. His first teaching experience was in San José Nacahuil, an indigenous town 20 km from the city. That experience changed his life. Nacahuil was a sample of the miserable conditions of the Guatemalan indigenous people. After a year of teaching, Arango witnessed death, illness, starvation, a long list of adversities the rural population experience. Arango died on 3 November 2001 • • • • •
Diálogo donde me sincero El andalón El tiempo (II) El tiempo (IV) Elegía
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Poesía lunática y chingona Relieves de memoria Sobreviviente Verdadera Historia
Andrew Alford (Last Century) Born in Samara, Russia, Alford graduated from the University of California in 1924 with an A.B. and received the honorary title of D.S. from Ohio University in 1975. He was employed with the Harvard University Radio Research Lab from 1943 to 1945; was division head, Direction Finder and Antenna Division, ITT, from 1943 to 1945; was head, Air Navigation Lab, International Telegraph Development Corporation, 1938-41; was with Mackay Radio and Telegraph Company, 1934-41; did engineering work for Fox Film Corporation, 1929-31; and was on the sound lab staff at California Institute of Technology, 192728. He later founded the Alford Manufacturing Company. In 1965, the first Master FM Antenna system in the world designed to allow individual FM stations to broadcast simultaneously from one source was erected on the Empire State Building in NYC. The original system was coinvented by Dr. Frank Kear of Kear & Kennedy and Andrew Alford of Alford Manufacturing Co. Alford also fabricated the antenna that was later installed by Gunnar A. Olsen of the Belmont Electric Corp. in New York City. Andrew Alford invented the localizer antenna system for radio navigation systems - National Inventors Hall of Fame.
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John Paul II (Biography) •
NAME: John Paul II
BIRTH DATE: May 18, 1920
DEATH DATE: April 02, 2005
EDUCATION: Jagiellonian University, Krakow seminary
PLACE OF BIRTH: Wadowice, Poland
PLACE OF DEATH: Vatican City, Italy
Pope John Paul II was born Karol Józef Wojtyla on May 18, 1920, in Wadowice, Poland. He was ordained in 1946, became the bishop of Ombi in 1958, and became the archbishop of Krakow in 1964. He was made a cardinal by Pope Paul VI in 1967, and in 1978 became the first non-Italian pope in more than 400 years. He was a vocal advocate for human rights and used his influence to effect political change. His mother died when he was 9 years old, and his older brother Edmund died when he was 12. John Paul was athletic and enjoyed skiing and swimming. John Paul began studying at a secret seminary run by the archbishop of Krakow. After World War II ended, he finished his religious studies at a Krakow seminary and was ordained in 1946.
Becoming Pope: In 1978, John Paul made history by becoming the first non-Italian pope in more than four hundred years. He traveled the world, visiting more than 100 countries to spread his message of faith and peace.
Legacy: A charismatic figure, John Paul used his influence to bring about political change and is credited with the fall of communism in his native Poland . In his later years, John Paul's health appeared to be failing. At public appearances, moved slowly and seemed unsteady on his feet.
John Paul II died on April 2, 2005, at the age of 84, at his Vatican City residence. More than 3 million people waited in line to say good-bye to their beloved religious leader at St. Peter's Basilica before his funeral on April 8.
"Anything done for another is done for oneself." -Pope John Paul
"An excuse is worse and more terrible than a lie, for an excuse is a lie guarded." -Pope John Paul
Mother Teresa Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation, which in 2012 consisted of over 4,500 sisters and is active in 133 countries. They run hospices and homes for people with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis. Mother Teresa was the recipient of numerous honours including the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. In late 2003, she was beatified, the third step toward possible sainthood, giving her the title "Blessed Teresa of Calcutta". A second miracle credited to her intercession is required before she can be recognized as a saint by the Catholic Church. Admired and respected by many, she has also been accused of failing to provide medical care or painkillers, misusing charitable money, and maintaining positive relationships with dictators.
Early Life She was born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu on 26 August 1910. She considered 27 August, the day she was baptised, to be her "true birthday". Her birthplace was Skopje, now capital of the Republic of Macedonia, but at the time part of the Ottoman Empire. She took her first religious vows as a nun on 24 May 1931. At that time she chose to be named after Thérèse de Lisieux, the patron saint of missionaries, but because one nun in the convent had already chosen that name, Agnes opted for the Spanish spelling Teresa. She took her solemn vows on 14 May 1937, while serving as a teacher at the Loreto convent school in Entally, eastern Calcutta. Teresa served there for almost twenty years and in 1944 was appointed headmistress
Spiritual Life: Analyzing her deeds and achievements, John Paul II asked: "Where did Mother Teresa find the strength and perseverance to place herself completely at the service of others? She found it in prayer and in the silent contemplation of Jesus Christ, his Holy Face, his Sacred Heart." Privately, Mother Teresa experienced doubts and struggles over her religious beliefs
which lasted nearly 50 years until the end of her life, during which "she felt no presence of God whatsoever", "neither in her heart or in the eucharist" as put by her postulator Rev. Brian Kolodiejchuk. Mother Teresa expressed grave doubts about God's existence and pain over her lack of faith: Where is my faith? Even deep down ... there is nothing but emptiness and darkness ... If there be Godâ€”please forgive me. When I try to raise my thoughts to Heaven, there is such convicting emptiness that those very thoughts return like sharp knives and hurt my very soul ... How painful is this unknown painâ€”I have no Faith. Repulsed, empty, no faith, no love, no zeal, ... What do I labor for? If there be no God, there can be no soul. If there be no soul then, Jesus, You also are not true. Mother Teresa described, after ten years of doubt, a short period of renewed faith. At the time of the death of Pope Pius XII in the fall of 1958, praying for him at a requiem mass, she said she had been relieved of "the long darkness: that strange suffering." However, five weeks later, she described returning to her difficulties in believing.
Quotes: "If you judge people, you have no time to love them." mother Teresa "God has no called me to be SUCCESFUL, he called me to be FAITHFUL." -mother Teresa
FRIDA KAHLO • • • • • • •
NAME: Frida Kahlo OCCUPATION: Painter BIRTH DATE: July 06, 1907 DEATH DATE: July 13, 1954 EDUCATION: National Preparatory School PLACE OF BIRTH: Mexico City, Mexico PLACE OF DEATH: Mexico City, Mexico
BEST KNOWN FOR Painter Frida Kahlo was a Mexican self-portrait artist who was married to Diego Rivera and is still admired as a feminist icon.
Artist Frida Kahlo was born on July 6, 1907, in Coyocoán, Mexico City, Mexico. Considered one of Mexico's greatest artists, Frida Kahlo began painting after she was severely injured in a bus accident. Kahlo later became politically active and married fellow communist artist Diego Rivera in 1929. She exhibited her paintings in Paris and Mexico before her death in 1954. Around the age of 6, she contracted polio, which caused her to be bedridden for nine months. While she did recover from the illness, she limped when she walked because the disease had damaged her right leg and foot. Her father encouraged her to play soccer, go swimming, and even wrestle -- highly unusual moves for a girl at the time -- to help aid in her recovery.
Tumultuous Marriage Kahlo reconnected with Rivera in 1928. He encouraged her artwork, and the two began a relationship. The couple married the next year.
They then went to New York City for Riveraâ€™s show at the Museum of Modern Art and later moved to Detroit for Riveraâ€™s commission with the Detroit Institute of Arts. In 1932, Kahlo incorporated more graphic and surrealistic elements in her work. In her painting, Henry Ford Hospital (1932), a naked Kahlo appears on a hospital bed with several items -- a fetus, a snail, a flower, a pelvis and others -- floating around her connected to her by red.
Ambrogio Lorenzetti Ambrogio Lorenzetti was an Italian painter of the Sienese school. He was active between approximately 1317 to 1348. His elder brother was the painter Pietro Lorenzetti. Ambrogio Lorenzetti was highly influenced by both Byzantine art and classical art forms, and used these to create a unique and individualistic style of painting. His work was exceptionally original. Individuality at this time was unusual due to the influence of patronage on art. Because paintings were often commissioned, individualism in art was infrequently seen. It is known that Lorenzetti engaged in artistic pursuits that were thought to have their origins during the Renaissance, such as experimenting with perspective and physiognomy, and studying classical antiquity. His body of work clearly shows the innovativeness that subsequent artists chose to emulate. His work shows the influence of Simone Martini, although more naturalistic. The earliest dated work of the Sienese painter is a Madonna and Child. His presence was documented in Florence up until 1321. He would return there after spending a number of years in Siena.
Egraphy: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luis_Alfre do_Arango http://www.poemas-delalma.com/luis-alfredo-arango.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3% A9_Mar%C3%ADa_Bonilla