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Martin Luther King Jr.

31/01/14

– How Did His Early Life and Christianity Shape His Beliefs? Key word spelling test.


Spelling Check 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Justice Equality Community Stereotype Prejudice Discrimination Ku Klux Klan Caricature Segregation Samaritan


Objectives • to be able to identify Sit ins and Freedom Riders. • to be able to identify key Christian teachings on

racism & non-violence. • to be able to examine Martin Luther Kings Christian beliefs and similarities to Jesus’ teachings.


ď‚— How did King believe black people should get equal

rights?


Video  Sit ins – Woolworths

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xbbcjn4d1cE  Freedom Riders  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zBY6gkpbTg


Sit-ins and Freedom Riders  Why did they protest in these ways?

 Which do you think would be the most effective?

Ensure you give reasons.  Why did they choose to use not violent methods of protest? (key Words; direct/pacifist/teaching)


How did Christianity influence Martin Luther King’s non-violent fight against racism? The first question which the priest and the Levite asked was: "If I stop to help this man, what will happen to me?" But... the Good Samaritan reversed the question: "If I do not stop to help this man, what will happen to him?"

Parable of the Good Samaritan – Luke 10:25-37 Jesus taught that Christians should love their neighbours and that neighbour means people of all races. Jews and Samaritans were different races who hated each other. In the parable, Jesus taught that the Good Samaritan treated the Jew who was attacked as his neighbour, so showing that Christians have to treat people of every race as their neighbour who they have to love.


How did Christianity influence Martin Luther King’s non-violent fight against racism? That old law about 'an eye for an eye' leaves everybody blind. The time is always right to do the right thing.

In Matthew 5:38-39 Jesus said:

You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.' But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.


How did Christianity influence Martin Luther King’s non-violent fight against racism? Non-violence is a powerful and just weapon, which cuts without wounding and ennobles the man who wields it. It is a sword that heals.

Put your sword back in its place...for all who draw the sword will die by the sword. (Matt. 26:52)


How did Christianity influence Martin Luther King’s nonviolent fight against racism? Luke 23:26 Jesus had a black African helping him to carry his cross

Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you. (Matt. 5:43-48, Luke 6:27-28)

Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God. (Matt. 5:9)


Why is Martin Luther King sometimes compared to Jesus? Jesus

Martin Luther King

Fought against injustice through his teachings

Fought against racism

Lived in a war torn country where his people where being oppressed

Lived in a country where blacks and whites were segregated

Received threats by the authorities

Received threats from racists, police officers and local government

Had hundreds of followers

Had thousands of followers

Was arrested for standing up against the Romans and the Jewish authorities

Was arrested for campaigning against racism

Was crucified

Was assassinated in 1968

Was resurrected

His legacy lives on after death – people still remember him and his fight

Teacher

Preacher of Christianity

Taught his followers to turn the other cheek rather than fight with violence

Told his followers never to use violence, even when they being attacked


Explain why the sit protest was “Christian in nature”. (4) “Turn the other cheek”. Also, you MUST use the following words; pacifist/Christian/violence Martin Luther King was a __________________ (1) He was a ________________, which means someone who doesn’t __________________(1) A teaching that they followed was______________________________________(1) This means that____________________________________(1)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Justice Equality Non-Violent Segregation Prejudice Discrimination Advocating Sit-ins Boycott Pacifist


 Martin Luther King strongly believed the only way to

achieve equality for black people in America was through non-violent means and peaceful forms of protest because he was a pacifist and a Christian.  In the bible it says “You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.' But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.” This means that Christians should not fight their enemies with force but by advocating peace.  His Christian beliefs told him that violence and hatred could only be conquered by love and forgiveness and therefore promoted sit-ins and boycotts as a way to protest peacefully


Objectives • to be able to identify Sit ins and Freedom Riders. • to be able to identify key Christian teachings on

racism & non-violence. • to be able to examine Martin Luther Kings Christian beliefs and similarities to Jesus’ teachings.

Mlk 2 (3)