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Student´s book Page 66 miracle Milagro amazing Sorprendente siblings Hermanos y hermanas mind Importar lot Descampado beloved Adorado pretend Fingir amazed Sorprendido trick Engañar, burlar fool Engañar Join Unirse stunned Sorprendido Page 67 argue Discutir useless Inútil chance Oportunidad remind Recordar algo a alguien painful Doloroso promote Promocionar aware Seguro, consciente land Terreno Page 68 appointment Cita formal Pirueta, truco trick crowd Multitud amazement Sorpresa peaceful Tranquilo homeless Sin hogar gossip Cotilleo succeed Tener éxito spill Derramar Page 69 1


helpful huge Harmless colourful Climb luxurious Determined Page 70 Coach Page 71 Wish Disagree pleasure prove beat To be in a hurry upset Page 74 clever effort apologise To be keen on Page 75 issue support Fox hunting pass agree farm Page 76 guilty Release Wedding Privacy Reporter Healthy Farther

De gran ayuda Enorme Inofensivo Colorido Escalar Lujoso Decidido Entrenador Desear Estar en desacuerdo Placer Demostrar Vencer, batir Tener prisa Molesto Listo Esfuerzo Disculparse Gustar mucho Tema Apoyar CacerĂ­a del zorro Aprobar Estar de acuerdo Granja Culpable Liberar Boda Intimidad Periodista Sano MĂĄs lejos

Workbook Page 34 neighbourhood

barrio environment Ambiente 2


wish useful together useless top wheelchair racer speed race demand claim Page 35 shocking disappointing

pool dive thoughtful harmful tasteless soft firefighter Burning predictable Page 36 luckily deserve Throw out Page 37 succeed excited scare perform season move agreement Look out Page 39 Fit whale Fulfilling care develop

Deseo Útil Juntos Inútil Mejor Silla de ruedas Corredor Velocidad Carrera Exigir Afirmación Sorprendente Desagradable Piscina Bucear Considerado Dañino Insípida Suave Bombero Ardiendo Predecible afortunadamente

Merecer Deshacerse Tener éxito Emocionado Asustar Actuar Temporada Mudarse Acuerdo Tener cuidado sentar bien Ballena satisfactorio Cuidar Desarrollar

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ADJECTIVE SUFFIXES amazed fascinating famous hopeless peaceful national confusing useless admirable colourless

harmful frustrating amazing active helpful interested dangerous homeless talented original

interesting harmless predictable exciting painful attractive frustrated helpless luxurious determined

embarrassed careful successful personal pleased bored believable thoughtfull stunned painless

Place the adjectives above in the corresponding column: -ed -ing -ful -less -ous -al

shocked boring native thoughtless careless acceptable embarrasing endless pleasing

-able

hopeful comfortable colourful useful confused shocking protective fascinated

-ive

1.Choose the correct answer. 1.The boys were shocked/shocking when they found out that Maribel was a girl. 2.Are you pleased/pleasing with the presents you got? 3.I don´´t find gossip very interested/interesting. 4.I have got some fascinated/fascinating news for you. 5.I am bored/boring let´s do something fun! 6.It is frustrating/frustrated when you try and don´t succeed. 7.These grammar rules are a bit confused/confusing. Could you explain them? 8.Sam spilled coffee all over the table. He was so embarrassed/embarrassing! 2.Add the suffix –ful or –less to the nouns in brackets to complete the sentences below. 1.This machine is .............................because it doesn´´t work. (use) 2.John has never been in an accident. He´s a very .............................driver. (care) 3Thank you for your assistance. You´´ve been very...................... (help) 4.Sri Lanka is usually a tranquil, ................................ place. (peace) 5.Nothing can help us. The situation is .................................. (hope) 6.Why didn´´t you wait for me? That was extremely ................of you. (thought) 7.Don´´t be afraid of my dog. She´´s huge but.......................... (harm) 8.Lisa likes to wear bright, .........................clothes. (colour)

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3.Complete the following sentences by adding a suitable suffix (-ous, -al, -able or –ive) to the words in brackets to form adjectives. 1.I guessed the ending of the story because it was so ..................(predict) 2.You look very .................................in that dress. (attract) 3.What is the ..................................meaning of that word? (origin) 4.It´s ......................... to climb mountains without the right equipment. (danger) 5.I think his story is quite........................... (believe) 6.John does well in art lessons because he´s very...................................(create) 7.Many celebrities live in..................................houses. (luxury) 4.Complete the text by adding a suitable suffix to the words in brackets.

WOMEN ON MEN´S TEAMS We all know that there are many 1..........................(talent) women athletes, and that women´s sports can be 2......................................(excite) to watch. But the question is: Is it 3...............................(accept) for women to play in men´s sports teams? It´s an 4............................(end) debate, without simple answers. Many people feel that because of physical differences, women wouldn´t be 5..........................(success) competing with men – and it could even be 6.....................................(danger) for them. Others feel that there is no need to be so 7..................................(protect). If a woman is 8............... (determine) enough to compete with men, it´s her 9...................................... (person) choice. Perhaps, they say, men just aren´t 10......................(comfort) with the idea of playing sport with, or maybe losing to, a woman. 5. Complete the dialogue by adding –ed or –ing to the words in brackets. 1.A: Ellie came to the party with Paul, danced with Michael and left with Allen. Her behaviour was absolutely...............................! (shock) B: Now I´m completely..................................(confuse) Who did she dance with? A: Never mind. Let´´s just say that the party was quite ......................(disappoint) for Paul, but Allen was very ........................... (please) 2.A:Isn´t this the most peaceful, ............................ (relax) holiday you´ve ever had? B:Actually I´´ve been feeling a bit ........................(bore) lying by the pool all day. A:OK, so let´´s do something more....................(excite)tomorrow. We can go diving! B:That would be fantastic, I´´m ..........................(fascinate) by corals. 6. Complete the sentences for each picture. Use a word from the box and add the suffix -ful or –less Taste, thought, success, harm, home, help 1.Gloria´s friend is quite......................................................................... 2.Billy is totally........................................................without his glasses. 3.Taking too many vitamins can be ........................................................ 4.Frances is a .................................................................businesswoman. 5.We ought to help the ................................................people in our city. 6.This soup is completely......................................................................... 7.Complete the sentences by adding –ous, -al, -able, -ful or –ive to the correct word in the list. Courage, origin, peace, danger, comfort, create, predict, act, protect, person 1.Thomas is a very ………………..person. He is on the basketball team and on three

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school committees. 2.You can keep the……………………..document and bive me the copy. 3.Extreme sports can be…………………….People are sometimes killed doing them. 4.We had a nice,…………………….weekend at home. 5.This bed isn´t ……………….. It is much too soft. 6.Our parents ought to give us more independence. They shouldn´t be so ………….. 7.Can you think of any……………………..ideas for our project? 8.I don´´t like telling people about my………………..problems. 9.The………………………firefighters ran into the burning building.

Modal verbs Use

Modal

Example

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Modal Perfect verbs Use

Modal perfect

Example

1.Complete the sentences using the modals below. might not

can´t

have to

shouldn´t

could

should

mustn´t

is able to

must

1.Mary is terribly late. Her mother.........................................be so worried. 2.I think you..............................get more exercise. It´s very good for you. 3.Today is Monday. We.............................get up early for school. 4.That old man............................be our new coach. They said they were sending someone young. 5.I can´t find my football. ....................I borrow yours? 6.Rule number one: you........................be late for basketball practice. 7.He isn´´t good at basketball, but he..............................swim well. 8.I don´t want to promise you that I´ll come tonight because I.........................have time 9.You...........................talk so quickly. It´´s hard to understand you. 2.Write what you would say in the following situations. Use at least one modal in each answer. 1.Your friend wants you to go to a film with him, but you´ve got an exam tomorrow. (obligation) ........................................................................................................................................... 2.Your friend wants to bring food to the party, but there is no need for him to do that. (lack of obligation) ......................................................................................................................................... 3.You want to listen to your friend´s CD. (permission) ......................................................................................................................................... 4. Your friend has been getting low marks lately. (advice) ......................................................................................................................................... 5.Your friends are at your house, but your parents are sleeping and don´t want any noise. (prohibition) ......................................................................................................................................... 6.Your friend has been accepted for the football team, and you are sure he is very happy. (certainty that something is true) ......................................................................................................................................... 7.Your friend tells you a story, but you don´t believe it. (certainty that something is impossible) ......................................................................................................................................... 8.Your friend things she won´t succeed in the fame but you´re convinced she will. (ability)

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......................................................................................................................................... 3.Choose the correct answer. 1.I´m angry because Peggy took my bike without asking. She should have/might have asked me 2.We´ve got a car, but we decided to walk. We must have/could have driven 3.John is late. I don´t know what happened to him. He may have/would have missed his bus. 4.Sara didn´´t wish me a happy birthday. She must have/should have forgotten my birthday. 5.Why didn´t you ask me? I should have/would have helped you. 6.Now John is angry with me. I shouldn´t have/might not have told everyone his secret.

4.Complete the dialogues below with a suitable form of the modal perfect and the verb in brackets. 1.”We´ve got no money left!” “Yes, we.................................(not buy) so many things.” 2.”How did the robber escape?” “No one is sure, but the police think he .........................(climb) through the window.” 3.”Thomas did his best.” “I disagree. I think he...........................(do) better.” 4.”The team lost all the matches.” “They............................(practise) more.” 5.”Didn´t you know I was ill?” “Of course not. I .......................... call you!”

5.Complete the sentences using the modals and modal perfects below and the correct form of the verb in brackets. Should * must * may * don´t have to *shouldn´t have * might not have * must have * couldn´t have

1.This book is great. You ................................(read) it. 2.It was a perfect holiday. It..............................(be) better. 3.We haven´t decided, but we...........................(go) to Italy this summer. 4.Tom didn´t answer. He.....................................(hear) me. 5.That firm was very frightening. I .......................(watch) it. 6.You´ve worked very hard. You............................(be) tired. 7.Paula isn´t here. She......................................(forget) about the meeting again. 8.It´s my pleasure. You...............................(thank) me.

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6.choose the correct answer. Bobby Riggs was a 55-year-old former tennis champion who believed that women should/may stay in the kitchen and out of sport. In 1973, he decided to show that women couldn´t play/couldn´t have played as well as men. He asked Billie Jean King, the world´s greatest female champion, to play against him. It must take/must have taken a lot of courage for Billie Jean to compete with a man, but she knew she might /has to do it. In one of the most famous matches of the century, known as the Battle of the Sexes, she proved she was able to play/ought to play better than a man, beating Bobby 6-4 6-3 6-3. Bobby shouldn´t be/shouldn´t have been so sure that he would win! After this match, people began to take women´s sport more seriously. Today, most people realise that everyone can/has to develop their athletic skills, whether they are a man or a woman. This might never happen/might never have happened without the Battle of the Sexes. 7.Complete the sentences with the correct modal perfect. Couldn´t have

Ought to have

Might not have

Shouldn´t have

Would have

Must have

1.Valerie went to bed early last night. She ……………………..…………..very tired. 2.You´´ve failed the exam. You …………………………………..……studied harder. 3.The hotel we stayed at was perfectly clean. It…………………………..been cleaner. 4.Why didn´´t you call me? I………………………………taken you home in the car! 5.That man deserves to be in jail. He…………………………….tried to steal money. 6.I think you should check your list again. You……………..remembered everything. 8.Write a sentence for what you might say in the following situations. Try to use a different modal perfect in each sentence. 1. You are sorry that you threw out your old jeans. 2.You go to meet a friend. You arrive very late, and your friend isn´t there any more. 3.You left a message for your mother to pick you up, but she hasn´t come. 4.You are quite angry at your friends because they went to the cinema without you. 5.You offered to help your friend study for an exam, but she didn´t want your help. 9.Complete the sentences with either a modal or a modal perfect, using the correct form of the words in brackets. 1.I can´t find my sunglasses. I …………………….(may/leave)them in the car. 2.What career is Philip planning to have? I think he………………….(should/be) a teacher because he explains things so well. 3.Jack ……………………….(could/come) with us. I don´´t know why he didn´t. 4.I´m going to do my best but I know that I………….(might/not) succeed. 5.Melissa didn´´t sing that well. She ………………..(should not/win) first prize. 6.Vicky lives quite far from school, so she……………..(cannot/walk) 7.You look tired. You................................(must/have) a hard day. 8.Tomorrow is your first match. You.............................(must/be) excited.

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10.Choose the correct answer.

RED IS FOR WINNERS Research done at the 2004 Athens Olympics shows that teams and Athletes with red shirts often win competitions. Apparently, wearing red may be/may have been a great advantage in sport. The reason? In the animal kingdom, red is often a sign of male dominance. Perhaps for humans too, a bright red shirt has to / can scare an opponent. Or it could be/could have been that wearing aggressive, optimistic red actually helps athletes perform better. So, if your school team lost all its matches last season, it might not have / should not have been only because you didn´t practise enough. Perhaps you simply must have worn/should have worn a different colour! Of course, a very weak team won´t be able to /won´t have to win just by wearing red. And a very strong team mustn´t/needn´t wear red to win – but on the other hand, it still might help/might have helped! 11.Choose the correct answer. 1.Is that the man..............................son was in your class? a.who b.that c.whose 2.Sally´s book is here. She..........................to take it. a.must have forgotten b.would have forgotten c.must forget 3.I´m sorry! I didn´t look for you. I was sure that you.............. a.already left b.had already left c.have already left 4.Look out! That dog on .............................you! a.is going to jump b.will be jumping c.will jump 5.It............................. three o´clock already. It seems like the day has just begun! a.coldn´t have been b.mustn´t be c.can´t be 6.This is the most fantastic show I ................................ a.have ever seen b.ever saw c.had ever seen 7.He...........................this novel when he was only 21. a.has written b.wrote c.was writing

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An Opinion Essay -Connector Describing Wheel: Reason

Expressing an opinion

To make general statements

Connectors

To add points (addition)

To give examples

To express a contrast

Conclussion

Result Reality

1.Choose the correct connector. 1.Patricia seems to be quite clever........................................,she often gets low marks. a.Nevertheless b.Furthermore 2.The service at this restaurant is excellent. ..................., the food is delicious. a.however b.in addition 3.I have never been to England,..........................having cousins there. a.as well as b.despite 4.Nigel is a careful driver..........................he has had several accidents. a.Moreover b.However 5.Marcy loves playing sport, ...........................she´s not very good at it. a.and b.but 6.Fiona is a talente at music........................art. a.as well as b.in spite of 2.Choose the correct connector. 1.We are studying now despite / even though there´s an important match on TV. 2.I´d like to talk to you although / in spite of I know you are busy. 11


3.Despite /although her efforts, she failed the exam. 4.Even though / in spite of we were having difficulties, we felt optimistic. 5.We didn´t win the game although / in spite of all our hard work. 3.Rewrite the following sentences using the connector in brackets. 1.Laura apologised several times. Nevertheless, Jason wouldn´t speak to her. (but) ........................................................................................................................................... 2.We decide to walk even though it was raining. (in spite of) ........................................................................................................................................... 3.George works very hard to help his parents. He´s also a good student. (In addition) ........................................................................................................................................... 4.I´m keen on ice cream. In addition, I´m keen on chocolate. (as well as) ........................................................................................................................................... 5.You are late again. Furthermore, you have not brought your books. (and) ........................................................................................................................................... 6.On the one hand, I´d love to come. On the other hand, I really haven´t got the time. (However).......................................................................................................................... 7.Rome is a great place to visit, but it has got terrible traffic problems. (despite) ........................................................................................................................................... 4.Complete the passage with the connectors from the list. despite also On the other nevertheless moreover As well On the one as

hand

hand

Even though

My mother´s career was always important to her. 1..........................., the money she made helped our family live well.She always made certain that we had what we needed 2..............................the fact that she was hardly ever home.3...................., I sometimes wonder what it would have been like if she had stayed home for a few years while we were small. Could she have been happy, 4...........................she would have missed her job? And what about me, now that I´m an adult? 5.................................I want to see my children growing up 6.............................., I want a fulfilling job. Will I be able to find a way of caring for my children 7..................................developing a career? I´m sure that may young women besides muyself are 8 .........................dealing with these difficult issues.

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A FOR AND AGAINST ESSAY BRAINSTORMING: ARGUMENTS FOR ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ......................................................

ARGUMENTS AGAINST .................................................................... .................................................................... .................................................................... .................................................................... .................................................................... .................................................................... .................................................................... ....................................................................

Structure Paragraph one: one Introduce the issue

Paragraph two: two Give arguments for supporting your opinion with reasons, facts, examples

Paragraph three: three Give arguments against supporting your opinion with reasons, facts, examples

Paragraph four: four State and support your opinion.

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1ºBach unit 6  

Exercises and theory

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