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1.Match the words in bold to their definitions below. Rewrite the sentence with the new word To a foreign Fell almost distant burning Two decision country heavily weeks 1.I love visiting faraway countries. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 2.It´s virtually impossible to beat him at chess. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3.The rain poured down all day. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 4.We´ll be moving abroad next year. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 5.The school holidays begin in a fortnight. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 6.We tried to enjoy our holiday, despite the roasting heat. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 7.Do you think you´ve mad the right choice? ………………………………………………………………………………………… 2.Complete the sentences according to the meaning of the words in bold and rewrite the sentence. 1.I went to the docks and boarded a... a.plane b.ship ………………………………………………………………………………………… 2.The film was terrific. We were... a.frightened b.thrilled ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3.It´s stifling in here! I can´t breathe! Please.... a.open the window b.turn on the heat. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 4.Sara has a slight accent- ... a.It´s very obvious. b.You can hardly hear it. …………………………………………………………………………………………

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5.All the passengers got off the plane. Then they... a.went to get their suitcases. b.sat in their seats. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 6.Most countries use oil as their main source of.... a.energy b.food ………………………………………………………………………………………… 7.I´m in my last term at.... a.work b.school ………………………………………………………………………………………… 8.They sailed away yesterday. I´m going to... a.miss them b.see them tonight. …………………………………………………………………………………………

3.Complete the passage with words or phrases from the list below. Make any necessary changes. Come A good regret summon Turn out Above all Apply for straight along

deal

TEMPORARY JOBS

Even if you are going to go 1............................ from school to university, there´s a good chance you´ll want a job, at least for the summer. If you do, remember that jobs don´t just 2............................-you have to go out and look for them. Don´t ask at only one place- 3.............................several jobs at once until you get a positive answer. When an employer finally 4............................you to begin work, You´ll probably be quite excited. However, the job may be 5.............................more boring and annoying than you had expected. What´s important is that you do your best despite this.6............................... 6...............................you need to remember that there´s something to be learned from everything you do. Then you´ll have no 7........................... about the experience, even if it isn’t exactly fun. As with most things in life, the way it 8.....................depends a lot on you!

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British American English

Fortnight Trousers Chemist´s Chips Handbag Garden Pavement Biscuit Post Underground Wardrobe Tap trolley Post Underground Wardrobe Tap Trolley Hire Car park Nappy Pushchair Mum Mobile phone Return single

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Turn

See

5.Complete the sentences with phrasal verbs from the upper spidergrams Make any necessary changes. 1.I was afraid this would be a difficult task, but it ......................to be easy. 2.O´ll take care of the food for the party. Will you the drinks? 3.When I refused to help him, he suddenly..................me and began to shout.

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4.Jenny likes to...................early and get plenty of sleep. 5.All my friends came to...............me...............when I left for Thailand. 6.Nigel.............................at the party even thogh we hadn´t invited him. 7.She´s acting as if she´s innocent, but you can ................right................her. 8.A servant took my coat and ...................me...............the gentleman´s study. 9.The mayor has ..................our city......................a wonderful place to live. 10.If I ........................the volume, the neighbours will complain. . 6.Match the beginning of each sentence in I with its ending in II. Add a word between the two parts. I 1.Things have turned ........................................... 2.I´ve learned a lot. Above .................................. 3.Where do we get ............................................... 4. The rain is pouring ........................................... 5.Are you going to apply ..................................... 6. I would love to sail .......................................... II ......a. outside my window. ......b.to distant lands. ......c.much better than we had expected. ......d.the bus? ......e.I´ve become more independent. ......f.the job you told me about? 7.Complete the passage with a suitable word or expression below. A good abroad Came virtually Far terrific regret deal along away

stifling

Travel writing – a Dream Job? Many people think that if their dream job 1.........................they´d accept it immediately. For example, there are those who would give anything to be a travel writer, thinking that it means lying on exotic 2.........................beaches, enjoying gourmet foods and trying out all the best hotels. Well, as a travel writer I can tell you that my job is 3.............................More difficult than this fantasy. When I´m 4.............................., I´m always rushing from place to place, so I have 5........................... no time to relax. I have to get to where I´m going whether it´s freezing cold or 6........................... hot, and I´m often hungry, tired, and uncomfortable. But I have got no 7........................In spite of all, this type of work is 8............................for me. 8.Are the speakers in the following dialogues British or American? 1.a:”We´d like to hire a car, please. B:”OK. Sign these papers and let’s go out to the car park.................................... 2.a:”I´ve changed the baby’s diaper. B:”Good. Now put her in the stroller, please......................................... 3.a.:”My mom must be worried about me. b.:”Why don´t you ring her on your cellphone?.............................................. 4.a:”Would you like a return ticket, sir?” b.”No, I’ll like a single ticket, please..........................................................

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9.Write the American words above with British words and vice versa. Nappy........................ one-way............................mobile phone................................ Parking lot..................round trip..............................mum.......................................... Pushchair.................................rent........................................ 10.Choose the correct answer and rewrite the new sentence 1.If you turn in, you are probably tired/hungry. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 2.If you can see through someone, you understand/don´t understand their intentions. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3.If someone turns on you, they are happy/angry. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 4.If you see someone off, they are leaving/arriving ………………………………………………………………………………………… 5.If you see to something, it becomes your/someone else’s ……………………………………………………………………………… 6.If you are turned away, then you must enter/leave ………………………………………………………………………………………… 11.Match the phrasal verbs in I in bold with their meanings in II. Use your dictionary to help you, the write the 5 full sentences I 1.Why do you always show off when you meet someone new? 2.We haven´t got much money, but we get by. 3.You can always count on me. I´ll be there for you. 4.These trousers look like they would fit you. Why don´t you try them on? 5.Please don´t use up all the butter. I also need some. II .......a.finish all of something .......b.try to impress people .......c.manage .......d.rely on .......e.see if clothes fit 1………………………………………………………………………………………… 2………………………………………………………………………………………… 3………………………………………………………………………………………… 4………………………………………………………………………………………… 5………………………………………………………………………………………… 12.Complete the sentences with the correct form of phrasal verbs with turn or see or from other exercises. 1.We waited for her all evening. It was after midnight when she finally......................... 2.Just act natural and stop................................. 3.As soon as we arrived, we had to............................................ 4.I´d like to ........................this shirt, please. Have you got it in my size? 5.You´ve...........................used up all the paper. Now we have to buy some more. 6.Don´t worry about all the work. I´ll .......................it that it gets done. 7.The empty lot ahs been .............................. a lovely park. 8.I don´t know how she ......................on her salary.

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CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

1ST CONDITIONAL: POSSIBLE If + present simple + future simple or modal simple (oración subordinada) (oración principal)

If it rains, If you get lost,

I will take my umbrella you can phone me

If + present simple + presente simple (oración subordinada) (oración principal)

If you heat water at 100ºC, it boils (Se utiliza para hechos científicos o verdades universales) If + present simple + imperativo (oración subordinada) (oración principal)

If you want to stay here, shut up. (Se utiliza para consejos o amenazas) 2ND CONDITIONAL: HYPOTHETICAL If + past simple + conditional simple (oración sub.) (oración principal)

If it rained, I would take my umbrella  No se utiliza “was” en este tipo de condicionales, sólo “were” If I were you….

3RD CONDITIONAL: IMPOSSIBLE If + past perfect + conditional perfect/modal perfect

If it had rained, If you had got lost,

I would have taken my umbrella you could have phoned me

TIME CLAUSES

Unless=if not

If you didn´t come, I would stay here= =Unless you came, I would stay here

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Time Clauses

When As soon as+ Present simp present perfect, + fut simp Before .+ . . After (oraci贸n subordinada) (or principal)

When Jane arrives,

we will leave.

WISH CLAUSES -past perfect: I wish I had studied in Xmas. I wish / If only +

-past simple: I wish I were taller -Could/would(if different subject):I wish you would pass in May.

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13.Choose the correct answer and rewrite it. 1.If you put/will put/had put more pepper in the soup, you´ll ruin it. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 2.I would read/read/would have read you e-mail if I had received it. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3.I can´t /couldn´t/can drive unless my parents lend me the car. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 4.If I had been /were /am taller, I could reach that shelf. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 5.Call me if you heard/hear/will hear any news. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 6.Dave won´t work /wouldn’t have worked/wouldn’t work so hard if he didn´t enjoy his job. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 7.We´ll leave as soon as it will stop/stops/would stop raining…………………………………………………………………………………… …… 8.If you hadn’t locked/didn’t lock/wouldn´t have locked your bicycle, it might have been stolen. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 14.Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. 1.I´m a terrible singer. If I ...........................(have) a better voice, I....................................(try) karaoke. 2.I´m expecting an e-mail from my boyfriend. If it............................(arrive) today, I...............................................(answer) it. 3.I´m glad I read the book before seeing the film. I.................................(not enjoy) the film so much last night if I............................... (not read) the book. 4.The teacher didn´t agree to let them hand in their work late. She .............................. (might agree) if they ...........................(ask) politely. 5.Martine´s hair is too short. She....................(look) better if it...........(be) longer. 6.Jason is a very sensitive child. He .......................(cry) if you..........................(yell) At him. 15.Write conditional sentences. Use the words in brackets. 1.I´m sure they like us. (not like/not invite/their house every week) ............................................................................................................................................. 2.You didn´t listen to the instructions before the exam. (listen/know what to do) ........................................................................................................................................... 3.He hasn´t got a mobile phone. (unless/buy one/not be able/get in touch) ........................................................................................................................................... 4.Sheila´s got earache. (go to/doctor/may/ give/medicine) ........................................................................................................................................... 5.We´ve run out of milk.(you go out/please buy some/supermarket) ........................................................................................................................................... 6.It´s lucky I jumped out of the way. (not jump/be knocked over/lorry) ...........................................................................................................................................

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16.Choose the correct answer and rewrite the sentence 1.I didn´t know about the party. If only someone told/had told me. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 2.My grandmother is getting old. She wishes she had been/were younger. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3.We don´t like living in a flat. We wish we have/had a garden. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 4.I have to work this summer. I wish I could/would travel somewhere exciting. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 5.Alex hardly ever calls me. I wish he had called/would call more often. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 17.Complete the passage with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

The Senior Prom. The Senior Prom is a formal dance that takes place at the end of the senior (final) year of high school in the USA and Canada. If you 1......................(be) a senior, then you´ll probably go to the Prom this year – and if all goes well, it 2......................(turn out) to be the most romantic night of your life. But me? I´m not feeling romantic- I´m feeling desperate. If I had a boyfriend, then I 3............................(have) someone to go with, but I´ve just broken up with my boyfriend, Sam. I wish I4................................(know) a boy who would go with me. If I 5. ..........................(not be) so shy, I would ask Calvin, but I´m sure he´s not interested. Anyway, he´s probably going with Marlene. If only I6..............................(not break up) with Sam! And the worst part is, I´ve already bought a dress. If I had known that I might not go, I 7.....................(not spend) all that money! Well, the Prom will probably be over by the time I 8......................I (decide) what to do – which is fine with me. 18.Rewrite the sentences with the words in brackets. Do not change the original meaning of the sentences. 1.I won´t go if you don´t come along . (unless) ........................................................................................................................................... 2.I don´t travel because I haven´t got enough money. (if) ........................................................................................................................................... 3.She didn´t buy the jeans because they weren´t the right size. ........................................................................................................................................... 4.It´s a pity we didn’t find the correct information. (wish) ........................................................................................................................................... 5.I´m sorry I can´t tell you the whole story. (wish) ........................................................................................................................................... 6.What a pity that I don´t speak Italian. (wish) ...........................................................................................................................................

19.Rewrite the sentences starting with the words given. Do not change the original meaning of the sentences. 1.”I won´t be here tonight,” Josh told me. Josh told me............................................................................................................. 2.I can´t drive you to the shops because my car is in the garage.

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If............................................................................................................................... 3.We should have finished this project yesterday. This project .............................................................................................................. 4.We gave all the children Christmas presents. All the children.................................................................................................................... 5.I´ll get my marks, then I´ll apply to university. As soon as............................................................................................................................ 6. It´s a pity I didn´t ask Paul out. I wish........................................................................................................................

20Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. 1.I´m thirsty! I wish the waiter.....................................(bring) me my cola. 2.Shelly is angry with me. I wish you ............................(not tell) her what I said. 3.I have to leave now. I wish I ...................................(stay) 4.I wish I ...........................................(take) more photographs when I was abroad. 5.I´m having a great time. I wish you................................(be) here. 6.You were right. If only I.............................(listen) to you! 7.I miss you. If only you .....................................(not live) so far away! 8.The baby is still crying. If only he .........................(let) us sleep! 21.Choose the correct answer and rewrite the sentence 1.We ……………………..more work done if it were quieter here. a.can get b.could get c.could have got ………………………………………………………………………………………… 2…………….if you hadn´t hurt your back? a.would you have danced b.would you dance c.will you dance ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3.I wish I………………smokng a.would stop b.will stop c.could stop ………………………………………………………………………………………… 4.I heard the concert was great. If oly we……………………! a.could go b.had gone c.went ………………………………………………………………………………………… 5.Unless his behaviour…………………., he´ll be expelled from school. a.improves b.has improved c.will improve ………………………………………………………………………………………… 6Michael isn´t here yet, but i´ll tell you as soon as I…………………..him. a.will see b.would see

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c.see ………………………………………………………………………………………… 7.If I were you, I…………….to a different area. a.would move b.move. c.moved ………………………………………………………………………………………… 8.I hate wearing glasses. I wish I………………them. a.didn´t need b.wouldn´t need c.don´t need ………………………………………………………………………………………… 9.If Theresa comes in, ……………her these papers, please. a.You will give b.you would give c.give ………………………………………………………………………………………… 10.If I hadn´t been so tired, I………………..the film. a.would enjoy b.might have enjoyed c.might enjoy ………………………………………………………………………………………… 22.Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets. 1…………………..you ………………(help) me tonight if I ……………(need you? 2.I wish I ………………..(speak) English better. 3.He…………….(be) hungry when he ………………….(return), so let´s have the meal ready. 4.I´d love to have a car. I wish I …………………….(get) my licence this year. 5.I…………………..(translate) the speech if I ………………(can/understand) it, but the speaker is speaking too fast. 6………………you ……………….. (go) with them yesterday if they …………(ask) you? 7.This place is so messy. I wish you………………(clean) it before the guests come. 8.If you …………………(arrive) before me, please………………….(save) me a seat. 9.Our hokiday was too short. I wish it …………………….(be) longer. 10.I failed the exam. I …………………..(can/pass) if I……………(not be) so nervous. 23.Complete the passage with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. HOW NOT TO GET ACCEPTED “I wish I 1………………..(get) into Harvard next year. If only I 2………………..(get) better marks in high school!” Say many university candidates in the United States. Indeed, being accepted into the best US universities is very difficult. If you have got perfect marks, you 3………………(may/get) in, but usually that isn´t enough. Places like Harvard 4…………………(not accept) you unless you also have got other talents. Athletic ability or are active in yhour community. Some desperate candidates send cakes and chocolates to the Harvard admissions office. They think that if they do this, it 5……………..(impress) the professors. “I wish people 6……………..(not send) sweets, because It won´t help them get in” sais one admissions officer. “On the contrary, if

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these candidates actually had a good chance, they 7………………..(not feel) the need to stand out. “. One dandidate sent a shoe, explaining that this was her “foot at the door”. Asmissions staff weren´t impressed and they rejected her. Who knows? She 8……………(might/get/in) if she hadn´t tried to play tricks. 24.Rewrite the following sentences using the verbs in brackets. Do not change the original meaning of the sentences. 1.It´s a pity that we didn´t take some food with us. (wish) ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2.I´d love to go for a walk with you, but it´s so hot. (if) ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3.I´m sorry I can´t go out with you tonight. (wish) ………………………………………………………………………………………… 4.Jim couldn´t play because he was ill. (if) ………………………………………………………………………………………… 5.Driving slowly preventes us from having an accident. (if) ………………………………………………………………………………………… 6.It´s too bad we have to stop now. (wish) ………………………………………………………………………………………… (From the workbook) 1.”I´ve heard of this illness” said the nurse. (that) ………………………………………………………………………………………… 2.He realised he was wrong, so he apologised. (hadn´t) ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3.They sell the ice cream here. I love it. ( which) ………………………………………………………………………………………… 4.What a pity that i´m not old enough to vote. (I wish) ………………………………………………………………………………………… 5.Money is lent to students by the university. (are) ………………………………………………………………………………………… 6.It´s too bak you didn´t come to the concert. (I wish) ………………………………………………………………………………………… 7.I can´t take the test because I´m not ready for it. (if) …………………………………………………………………………………………

IMPROVING YOUR STYLE Remember that adjectives describe nouns and adverbs can modify either a verb, an adjective or another adverb

25.Complete the sentences with the adjectives below. There may be more than one correct answer. Do not use the same adjective twice. breathtaking relaxing fascinating picturesque crowded entertaining ancient lively glorious thrilling majestic sandy noisy tranquil modern Fabulous 1.The region is known for its white,…………………….beaches and…………..surfing.

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2.You´ll enjoy walking sown the narrow streets of this………..village and learning about the area´s……………………….history. 3.Tourists can go for a……………..ride in a speedboat or just have a…………….. massage at the spa. 4.This city, with its……………….architecture and busy streets is famous for its……… Atmosphere and great entertainment. 5.The cable car takes you up to the top, where you can enjoy a………..view of the …… mountains all around. 26.For each sentence find the adjective that does not have a meaning similar to the adjective in bold.. 1.The palace is full of beautiful furniture. a.exquisite b.typical c.elegant d.magnificent 2.Everyone agreed that the tour was great. a.delightful b.horrible c.terrific d.outstanding 3.Every dish we oredered was good. Adelicious b.mouth-watering c.tasty d.charming 4.It was very hot. a.roasting b.scorching c.superb d.stifling 5.The street is famous for its fashionable boutiques. a. trendy b.stylish c.chic d.graceful 27.Copy the chart below in your notebook. Then write the adverbs in the correct category in the chart. Absolutely, seldom, extremely, frequently, occasionally, often, fairly, pretty, rarely, rather, completely, usually, quite. Adverbs of frequency Adverbs of degree

28.Add two adverbs, one from each category in the chart above, to each of the sentences below. Do not use the same adverb more than once. 1.Our local museum has some interesting exhibits. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 2.I go shopping at the shopping centre despite the fact that it´s expensive. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3.That disco is popular and students from our school go there. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 4.We were shocked to find out that restaurants closed their doors between two and seven o´clock. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 5.Although the sea in the area is stormy, on that day it was calm. …………………………………………………………………………………………

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Description of a place 1st paragraph: General introduction, name and location of the place. Useful language: in the south…, on the coast, on the ………river. It is located…, 2nd paragraph: write about the history of the place and the physical characteristics of the place. Useful language: The scenery is…, it offers…, most people work as…, The first thing people notice… 3rd paragraph: Write a recommendation Useful language: I can recommend…., You shouldn´t miss…, in short…

AVOID USING COMMON ADJECTIVES, TRY MORE INTERESTING ONES INSTEAD.

29.Complete the sentences with a suitable word or expression from the unit. Make any necessary changes. 1.I didn´t know why the headmistress had………………………….me. 2.John went ……………………..home after school. 3.The job was……………………………….easier than I had thought it would be. 4.Which universities have you…………………………? 5.I´ve got no…………………………about leaving my job. 6.Students at our school study biology for at least two……………………….. 7.He´s always dreaming of holidays in……………………….places. 8.I´m going to Paris for a ………………………….. 9.I was worried about the trip, but in the end, it……………………well. 10.Yesterday, I…………………..the bus in the wrong place. 30.Replace the British words with American words and vice versa. 1.Would you like a biscuit with your tea? 2.We filled our shopping cart with food for the party. 3.I´d like a hamburger and French fries, please. 4.Why do you carry such a heavy handbag? 5.I mailed the letter about three days ago.

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6.I think you can buy a thermometer at the chemist´s. 31.Choose the correct particle. 1.I´m going to see my friend on/off at the airport. 2.Please see to/from it that our guests are happy. 3.Nothing has turned out/in right today. 4.I think this meeting is over. Allow me to see you down/out 5.He tried to find a gob, but he was constantly turned back/away. 6.I could see through/over her tricks from the start. 32.Complete the passage with the correct form of the verbs or the modals + verbs in brackets. Living with mum and dad My 28-year-old son Ian 1………………….(live) at home for the past two years, despite the fact that he has got a good job. I love Ian very much, but sometimes I wish he2……………………… (find) his own place. If only he 3…………………..(be) more independent! However, if he had his own flat, he 4………………..(have to/spend) his entire salary on rent, food and electricity. Living with us he 5……………..(be able to/ use) his money for holidays and expensive clothes. My wife says he 6…………..(should/tell) years ago that it was time to move out. Personally, I would feel differently if he7…………………(help) more around the house, but he doesn’t do a thing! If we had brought him up differently, perhaps, he 8……………….(not turn out) to be so immature. The other day he told me that he 9………………… (appreciate) our help. But he didn´t say what I wanted to hear – that he 10……………………(do) the washing-up or cook dinner the following day! 33.Choose the correct answer. 1.We´ve got enough people, so you………………..come to work tomorrow. a.needn´t to b.needn´t c.needn´t have 2.He´ll tell me if he………………..tickets. a.can get b.could get c.could have got 3.I´ll move out as soon as I…………………….a job. a.will find b.find c.found 4.Aunt Lucy should…………………….invited to the wedding last night. a.have b.be c.have been 5.I wish I……………., but I´ve got a terrible voice. a.could sing b.would sing c.sang 6……………………believed that all the tourists are safe. a.They are b.they have been c.it is

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Unit 6 2º Bachillerato  

Grammar, notes

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