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1 Jamaica…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….2 Flag of Jamaica………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….3 Shield of jamaica…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...4-5 History of Jamaica…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6 Economy…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..7 Currency of Jamaica………………………………………………………………………………………………………………8-9 Politics in Jamaica…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..10 Religion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..11 Educational system of Jamaica……………………………………………………………………………………………….12 Music………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………13 Dance……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..14 Health……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….......15 Transport………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….......16 Flora and fauna………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………17


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Jamaica Jamaica is an island belonging to the Greater Antilles, relies on 240 km from length and a maximum of 80 km from width, placed in the Caribbean Sea. The capital: Kingston Currency: Jamaican Dollar national Anthem: Jamaica, Land We Love Continent: North America Official Language: Jamaican Englishman I Govern: parliamentary Monarchy, Democracy, and Parlamentarismo


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The national flag of Jamaica was adopted on August 6, 1962, the day of the independence of the country. It is composed by the colors green, yellow (gold) and black. The black symbolizes the force and creativity of the Jamaican people, the yellow one the light of the Sun and the natural wealth of the country. The green one represents the hope in the future and the agricultural wealth.


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Shield of weapon of Jamaica Entity: Jamaica Adopted 1962 Heraldry Of silver, a cross of gules loaded with five golden pineapples Cimera Crocodile Burelete Of silver and gules Golden helmet Indian Tenanted Dos that represent a woman and a male arawak Motto Out of many, one people (Of many, a people).


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Before his discovery for Christopher Col贸n in 1494 the island of Jamaica was occupied and lived by diverse emigrant tribes of the zone of the Caribbean. The last native inhabitants were the Indians Arawak or Arawak. These settlers were coming from great part of the race Arawak it had been exterminated fundamentally for two motives: the conditions of slavery that imposed the Spanish colonists and the diseases that they brought with it. The first inhabitants of Jamaica were the Arawak, also called ta铆nos. They gave to them to the island Xaymaca's name that means "land of wood and water ". The Arawak lived in a pacific way until they were annihilated for the Spanish years after Christopher Col贸n was discovering the island in 1494. Jamaica served principally as source of supplies in the conquest of the American continent. Later, in 1509, the first Spanish settlers came. On May 10, 1655 the English men attacked successfully the island. The Spanish gave up themselves before the assault English. It was this group slaves and his descendants who turned into the "Maroons". The slaves' trade turned into a popular and profitable crusade for the settlers. The slaves, nevertheless, were feeling spoilt by his situation so that they were revealed. The "Maroons" supported several wars in opposition to the English men.


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In 1740, an agreement was signed by the English men where it was found that the land and his rights were returned to them as freemen. In exchange they were offering to stop peeling and help to re-capture the fugitive slaves, but this originated a conflict because some of the "Maroons" did not agree in delivering the fugitive slaves. On January 1, 1808, the Law of Abolition was approved. The trade of African slaves was cancelled in a definitive way and one declared an illegal activity. The emancipation and the period of learning had effect in 1834 and the freedom was granted completely in 1838. On August 6, 1962, Jamaica obtained his independence of England. Now, the country has his own constitution where there have been established the laws that govern his people. The modern history of Jamaica has been characterized by one to be going and to come between the Party of the Work of Jamaica and the National Party of the People. The beginning of these two parties has changed across the years.


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Jamaica is an important tourist regional center, which economic weight grew in the 90s with the help of substantial foreign investments. His economy centers besides on the tourism, in the production of sugar and in the extraction of bauxite, industry that already does not feed exclusively of the foreign capital. It is necessary to add the business that was created about Bob Marley's image, used both for the tourism and for the exploitation of the music reggae and everything related to this one. The agrarian activity devotes itself to the culture of products for the export, as the coffee, the tobacco, the banana and the sugar cane; and for the autochthonous consumption. In addition he is a traditional producer of pepper. Between the industrial activities it predominates over the transformation of agrarian products, the manufacture of cement, of fertilizers, of derivatives of the oil and the textile industry. Nevertheless, all these wealth’s do not revert egalitarian on the population, since Jamaica is historically dominated by a few wealthy families. Likewise, the commercialization of products related to the marijuana in which it appears the flag of Jamaica generates a wide source of income in this country


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ISO code JMD Area Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica Symbol: $ Fraction Hundred cents Tickets 50, 100, 500 and 1.000 $ You Coin 1, 10 and 25 ¢, 1,5,10 and 20 $ Issuing I pay of Jamaica

On January 30, 1968, the Representatives' Chamber of Jamaica was voting for the introduction of the dollar, which would substitute the Jamaican pound. The new dollar was not used only by Jamaica but also by the Cayman Islands, former Jamaican dependence, until May, 1972. In this date, the British territory stopped using the Jamaican dollar and began to use his own currency, the dollar of the Cayman Islands. They circulate coins of 1, 10 and 25 cents and of 1, 5, 10 and 20 dollars, and tickets of 50, 100, 500 and 1.000 dollars, issued by the Bank of Jamaica (Bank of Jamaica),


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Jamaica is a constitutional monarchy Executive Is able: Exercised by the queen Isabel II of England, the General Governor, the Prime minister Bruce Golging (2007) and his office of 16 secretaries. Legislative power: The bicameral parliament consists of the Senate (a body of 21 members named by the General Governor with the recommendations of the Prime minister and the chief of the party of opposition; and of the Representatives' Chamber (60 benches; whose members are chosen by popular vote. Judicial power: The maximum organism is the Supreme Court (judges named by the General Governor with the advising of the Prime minister); Court of Appeals.


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The parliamentary system of Jamaica is based on the British model of Westminster and shares many of his fundamental characteristics. The legislator who obtains the support of the majority of the Lower house that is invariably the leader of the majority party - is invited by the General Governor to occupy the prime minister's position and, in turn, to the secretaries of the office name. The legislator who obtains the support of the majority of the Lower house - that is invariably the leader of the majority party - is invited by the General Governor to occupy the prime minister's position and, in turn, to the secretaries of the office name. It must be summoned for choices in a term of five years from the previous choice, but the determination of the exact date stays to discretion of the prime minister, with the approval of the General Governor who, as the Queen in Great Britain, recovers principally a ceremonial paper. The electoral system of majority, so called first-past-the-post, that appellant result in form in majority’s unipartidarias in the Representatives' Chamber, favors the concentration of the authority of decision in the Executive Power, since in the British system. The prime minister, beside naming the secretaries of the office, "names" of fact the majority of the senators (though formally the General Governor does it), as well as the civil servants who will occupy the highest charges in the public administration and in other special organs of the government. From 1962 the power has alternated between two parties - the National Popular Party (PNP) and the Labor party of Jamaica (JLP), but every instance of change has been followed by a minimum of two successive periods. In consequence, the secretaries of the office and other civil servants tend to be kept in his charges greatly more time that his counterparts in the Latin-American countries.


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The majority religion in Jamaica is the Protestant Christianity divided in his different churches: Church of God of Prophecy, Adventists of the Seventh Day, Pentecostal, Baptist, Anglican, Catholic Roman, Iglesias Unida of Christ), Methodist, Jehovah's Witnesses, Church of Moravia and Plymouth Brethren The second major religion after the Christianity is the Rastafarian movement with approximately 24,020 medical instructors. Also there is Baha’is, Buddhists, Hindus and Jews. The Muslims assure to be about 5,000 persons in Jamaica. Jamaica is the country with major quantity of rastafaris, a religion that recognizes Haile Selassie I, last emperor of Ethiopia (of iure: 1930-1974; of fact: 1916-1936 and 1941-1975), as the Christ's second coming. One of the icons of the above mentioned belief, was the same Singer Bob Marley; which is estimated as a prophet for the Jamaican people and is the person in charge of the great growth of the religion for his world reputation.


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The Educational Jamaican System is administered by the Department of Education; composed by a head office and 6 field units. The committee of education consists of officials in Education that they take charge monitoring, supervising and elaborating the educational programs, to check the fulfillment of the educational procedure, to stimulate the educational activities and of formation abroad as well as; to plan the location of the educational institutions according to the needs and population growth.


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The music of Jamaica includes the music folkloric Jamaican as well as multitude of kinds of popular music, since I mention, ska, rock steady, reggae, dub, dancehall, reggae merger and other related styles. The musical Jamaican culture is the result of the merger of American elements (rhythm and blues, rock and roll, soul), Africans and of Caribbean

nearby islands as Trinidad and Tobago (calypso and soca). The reggae is especially popular thanks to the artists' international reputation as Bob Marley. The Jamaican music has exercised an important influence on other styles of different countries. Especially, the practice of the toasting for Jamaican immigrants in New York evolved up to turning into the origin of the rap. Other kinds that have received the influence Jamaican they are the lover’s rock and the jungle.


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You dance The Jamaican dances, mixture of European and African influences, they are a fruit of a long evolution. From the steps of the "jonkonnu" that the slaves were practicing in Christmas, the "bruckins" arisen after the Emancipation, and the liberating "ska" of a recently freed nation, up to the vibrant one, and sometimes complicated, choreography of the dancehall, our legacy in the dance reflects the evolution of our cultural identity. Both in the track and in the scene, the street styles give place to elaborated contortions and intelligent choreographies. The School of Dance Edna Manley, the National Company of Dance, and other recognized companies also keep alive the tradition of the Jamaican dance with habitual spectacles. The subject matter of these representations sometimes treats questions related to the nation, or reflects the artistic expressions of the interpreters with tested well and synchronized formations. These Jamaican companies have been acclaimed national and internationally and have showed our dances to our people and to the rest of the world.


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Jamaica has 26 public hospitals and 7 private, with a total capacity of 5.308 beds. These hospitals are located in the big urban centers. Nowadays, the private hospitals are confronting severe financial problems. Only two private hospitals, of the 7, it provides a service of 24 hours and none is equipped to answer large-scale interventions. Only one of these hospitals obtains earnings. An inadequate management, old technology, high costs of the equipments and of the medicines and low rates of occupation, are some of the big problems that concern the private hospitals.


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There exists in the island a railroad that crosses for five hours the distance between Kingston and Montego Bay. In Jamaica rum it is possible to displace easily, air service exists between the principal cities. The tour in taxi they do not possess taximeter, so it is necessary to to agree on the rate before be raising. In the whole island cars are obtained in rent, taking special care that one leads as the left side. Also bicycles or motorcycles can be rented, to walk along the city. The people of the village moves in bus. It is possible to accede to almost all the points of the island by means of the public buses. A line of regular and punctual bus is the one that joins Kingston and Montego Bay. The hotels and travel agencies are in the habit of having minibuses and minibuses to facilitate the mobility to the tourists. In addition vehicles can be rented. There are approximately 17.000 km from roads, of which a third they are asfaltadas. The speed limit is of 48 km/h in the cities and 80 km/h in the highways.


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The flora of the island is rich in plants with flower; of fact, of 3.000 registered species, 827 only are here. There is 500 varieties of ferns and an enormous assortment of orchids, buganvilias, hibiscuses and other tropical flowers. With regard to the fauna, it is possible to emphasize that Jamaica is the favorite place of the butterflies, the colibris and the marine seals.

Unlike other islands of the Caribbean, in this one if one finds cattle. With regard to the birds, it is necessary to emphasize the stationary populations of the forest fields, as well as to the migratory ones that in his trip of north to south do his stop in this zone.


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The gastronomy of Jamaica differs for his flavor and variety, besides his autochthonous products, since they are the quibombo, the callaloo (similar to the spinach), the ackee (a fruit of Jamaica) and the pepper of Jamaica, besides other spices as the curry and products like the fish, shellfish, fruits and vegetables, with that succulent plates are elaborated. It is a kitchen with influences of the African and English kitchen, but with the personal Jamaican touch, where the piquant thing and the intense flavor, they prevail in his plates. In what concerns the drinks, it is necessary to emphasize the traditional Jamaican rum and the cocktails prepared with him, the liquor Aunt Maria (liquor of coffee elaborated with rum and Jamaican spices), and the Caribbean beer. In addition there can be tasted rich juices and batters of exotic fruits.


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JAMAICA

Luna Sofía Duque Peña. Laura Dayanna Pineda Coy.

Fifth grade 2013

Jamaica  
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