Page 1

EL CLASICO IN DELHI & MUMBAI >> pg 24

patriot NEW DELHI, THURSDAY 8-14 DECEMBER 2016 | PRICE:

showcase patriot

CITIZEN: PATRIOTISM AND THE NATIONAL ANTHEM >> pg 04

10 | PAGES: 24 VOL. 1 ISSUE 47

ADIEU, AMMA

THE IRON LADY DIES. TAMIL NADU MOURNS. AN ERA ENDS

GLOBE: RECOUNT BID pg 05

BUSINESS: MOSCOW RISING >> pg 08

TECHNOLOGY: WHO IS WATCHING YOU AND ME? >> pg 10 ART&CULTURE: EPHEMERAL ELEGANCE >> pg 12 details on governance >> pg 2, 3

EMOTIONAL CROWD: In loving memory of ‘Puratchi Thalaivi’ (Revolutionary Leader), the men shaved off their heads, women lamented, and a dozen people died of shock. The state announced a seven-day mourning, and schools were closed for three days. At the moment, the political transition seems smooth, but PHOTO: PTI the return of Sasikala, her close aide, may create a long-lasting churn. Amma’s final resting place is beside MGR’s memorial in Marina Beach

BEAUTY: A SPECIAL RETREAT >> pg 16

WELLNESS: FINDING FIT FROM FAD >> pg 19

SPORT: ROMANCE OF TESTS >> pg 22


governance patriot

02

NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

Home Alone

JAYALALITHAA WAS THE MASTER OF HER OWN LIFE. IN HER SHY, CARING PERSONA, SHE FOUND THE STRENGTH TO BECOME A LEADER SHE DID IT THE HARD WAY: POLITICS, A HEGEMONY OF THE MEN, WAS NO BED OF ROSES FOR HER. SHE WAS ACUTELY MADE CONSCIOUS OF THE FACT THAT SHE WAS A WOMAN. GAINING CONTROL OF AIADMK WAS ONE OF THE MOST ARDOUS CHALLENGES

PHOTO: AFP

Mihir Srivastava

THE PASSING of Jayalalithaa is the end of an era. A politician who has been written about a lot, she courted controversies, and was sent to jail. She remained imperturbable through the ups and down of her life and political career. Her emotions were not for public display. In the end, while she was alive, she was known as an arrogant ‘political dictator’, who was surrounded by sycophants. The demi-godly aura around the lady is a misrepresentation of who she was. Although she was a fiercely private person, behind her strong persona was an amenable heart, a malleable and caring woman who was in love with the ordinary. Destiny made her tryst with life extraordinary in several ironical twists. The two high-profile careers — cinema and politics — were thrust upon her, and weren’t by choice. She owed her actress’ avatar to mother, Sandhya, and her politics t o m ov i e c o - s t a r, M G Ramachandran, the former chief minister of Tamil Nadu. These were the two people who had the most profound impact on her life. They dominated her and made crucial decisions on her behalf. But, there was no regret. Ones she took the plunge, she excelled and registered

her name in the annals of history. She was an achiever from the day one. A brilliant student, she grew up in Bangalore under the care of maternal grandparents. Her father died when she was young; so, her mother, a character artist in Tamil cinema, who lived in Chennai, fended for the family. A responsible girl, Jayalalithaa, was blessed with high emotional quotient, and grew up missing the comforting presence of a mother. A shy girl, she existed in the backdrop, in the security of anonymity. She was never on the frontline, never was out there to face the brunt. She was a girl who loved her company. And most of it was spent reading books. Still, after lifetime of accomplishments, she considers her greatest triumph was when she

won the first prize for an English essay writing competition at the age of 10. She waited for hours, well past midnight, to show her prize to her mother. She was barely 17 when she started working in films to provide for the family. In a successful career that spanned two decades, she acted in 300 films. The girl in her was still alive. She aspired for a prince charming and a home of her own. She was not averse to being a housewife with a family. But that was not to be. If she had a professional choice, she would have been an academician or a lawyer. A multilingual, she was a fast learner, voracious reader, and had a good understanding of the law and administrative process. The transformation that her life

saw over the past few decades was a matter of amazement, even to her. It was beyond recognition, almost surreal. She put up a brave front. Almost impregnable. There’s an enigma about her, for she is reserved in public. “I only speak when I’m spoken to,” she said. However, her emotional sensitivity was perhaps her life force. A contemporary cine-star, Simi Garewal, charmed her to speak about the Jayalalithaa we didn’t know about. She had a crush on Shammi Kapoor, but they never met. Simi cajoled Jayalalithaa to sing. Jayalalithaa admitted that she was close to MGR, and enamoured by his wit and intelligence, and that he held sway over her. Life bared itself rudimentarily — no ignis

fatuus for her. “True love doesn’t exist in real life,” she said without betraying emotion. According to her, true love lived in books and played out in cinema. “At least I haven’t experienced it,” she added. An extensive part of her life was dominated by two strong personalities. After their deaths, some thirty years ago, she was left alone, an eventuality, she felt, she wasn’t prepared for. Politics, a hegemony of the men, was no bed of roses for her. She was acutely made conscious of the fact that she was a woman. MGR didn’t pave her way for a smooth succession as the leader of AIADMK. Gaining control of the party was one of the most arduous challenges. She was assaulted by the DMK MLAs on the floor of the assembly in 1998. She felt cornered, but gained strength from it. A desexualized persona emerged, she draped her body in full, stopped wearing jewellery. Ammu became Amma. In the latter part of her life, she didn’t do things to please others. She was her own master. She didn’t enjoy being a politician, it was more of a commitment, a duty towards her party and the people. It’s lonely at the top. Her relationship with Sasikala — a friend and more — was not dependent on the electoral fortunes. Jayalalithaa described her as one who “replaced her mother”. She was not particularly happy with how life panned out. But she wasn’t bitter either. There was no time to crib, work kept her busy till the end. In her early years, when cornered by peers, she’d bow out, go back home and cry in private. “That Jayalalithaa is dead,” she declared. She looked into people’s eyes when she spoke. It was the others who shuddered. She didn’t hide her displeasure in the way Karan Thapar interviewed her in 1999. He was, at that point in time, a manifestation of the bias she accused the media of harbouring against her. Thapar concluded the interview by an observation, “You’re a tough person, chief minister.” She didn’t take it as a compliment. Anger glowed on her face. After a pause, she retorted, “People like you have made me so.” American author, Norman Cousins, wrote, “Death is not the greatest loss in life. The greatest loss is what dies inside us while we live.” Long live Jayalalithaa!

PHOTOS: FACEBOOK


governance

|NEW DELHI|II|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

03

Tearful tributes to Thalaivi

SHE WAS UNCOMPROMISING IN GOVERNANCE. SHE WAS CONTROVERSIAL. SHE WON PRAISE AND CRITICISM

In her passing away, the nation has lost an icon who was loved and admired by millions. Her contribution to the progress and development of Tamil Nadu will be long remembered Pranab Mukherjee President I will always cherish the innumerable occasions when I had the opportunity to interact with Jayalalithaa ji. May her soul rest in peace. Narendra Modi Prime Minister I offer deep condolences on the passing away of Jayalalithaa. Wishes of lakhs of her followers will make her immortal. M Karunanidhi DMK Leader

We lost a great leader today. Women, farmers, fishermen and the marginalised dreamt through her eyes. We will miss Jayalalithaa ji, Amma to millions Rahul Gandhi VP, Congress Jayalalithaa was most dominant political personality of Tamil Nadu in last 25 years. She acquired large loyal following that equalled that of her mentor MGR. She brought a hard uncompromising style to politics and governance that won praise and criticism. Tamil Nadu was regarded as among the better governed states. AIADMK must carry on and provide a government for remaining over 4 years P Chidambaram Congress Leader

Jayalalitha ji the only CM of a State that celebrated 100 years of Indian Cinema from all regions. Most admirable Amitabh Bachchan Film Star

Respect and condolences to all the people who love Puratchi Thalaivi Jayalalitha...We will miss her forever A R Rahman Music Composer

In her passing, the nation has lost a prominent leaders, distinguished parliamentarian and able leader Hamid Ansari Vice President

Not just Tamil Nadu but the entire India has lost its warrior daughter. I pray the almighty for the honourable CM’s soul to Rest in Peace. Rajinikanth Film Star

A great leader who drew respect, love, adulation & worshiped by millions of followers. The country will miss Jayalalithaa Amma Sridevi Actress

Selvi Jayalalithaa was one of the most iconic political figures of India who had an enormous impact Rajnath Singh Home Minister

It is tragic. It is painful. She was a woman of dignity and self respect. We shared a warm personal relationship Sushma Swaraj Foreign Minister

Popular, strong, bold, efficient, peoplefriendly, charismatic leader, Amma. Always at the heart of people. Big loss. I am shocked, saddened. I humbly urge the people of Tamil Nadu and AIADMK to face this big loss with courage and greatness Mamata Banerjee CM West Bengal

Jayalalitha’s demise is a big loss to country and Tamil Nadu’s politics. Sharad Yadav Janta Dal (U) Leader

It’s a loss not only for Tamil Nadu politics but also for rest of the country; All of Bihar is in mourning today Nitish Kumar CM Bihar Very sad to hear the demise of Amma. A very very popular leader. Aam Admi’s leader. May her soul rest in peace Arvind Kejriwal CM Delhi

PHOTOS: AFP / PTI


citizen patriot

04

IGNORANCE & LEARNING

I HAVE TAKEN ALL KNOWLEDGE TO BE MY PROVINCE FRANCIS BACON, Philosopher & Essayist

NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

False Notes THE FOUNDING FATHERS OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION WERE RESPECTFULL OF THE NATIONAL ANTHEM BUT THEY DID NOT INCLUDE IT IN THE CONSTITUTION Charu Soni

THE 30 November, 2016 Supreme Court order on National Anthem is likely to be challenged legally. It is not clear if this will happen after the court’s winter recess since the further hearing on the matter is set for 14 February, 2016. However, one thing is sure: the court’s directive raised critical questions about citizen’s fundamental rights and the promulgation of the apex court’s interim order, as an immediate ‘law’. In their order, Justices Deepak Misra and Amitava Roy asserted the need to stop exploitation of national anthem for commercial or any other benefit; disallow any dramatisation of the anthem; prohibit printing of the anthem on any object or its display in a manner that may be disgraceful to its status; play it in cinema halls before the start of a film with the national flag displayed prominently on the screen; and, prevent the playing or displaying of an abridged version of the anthem. To support their view the court quoted Ar ticle 51 A of the Constitution, which was introduced during the Emergency. The article states that “It shall be the duty of every citizen of India to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.” The order, which was issued in the name of “Constitutional Patriotism”, and its insistence on implementing it within 10 days, raises question about what was the tearing hurry, if the hearings were yet to be completed. The courts said that Constitutional Patriotism “does not allow any different notion or perception of individual rights” and that such an “idea is constitutionally impermissible”. This comes in conflict with the fundamental rights, especially the right to freedom of speech and expression.

ANTHEM IN HISTORY

The members of the Constituent Assembly, had they been alive today, would be surprised by the order’s rigid and non-negotiable idea of patriotism. In its debates between 1946 to 1950, when the Constitution was adopted, the debate about the national anthem centred around the choice of the song. Some members wanted ‘Vande Mataram’ to be the anthem, others ‘Jana Gana Mana’. There were those who felt that a new song should be composed. For instance, on October 13, 1949, K Santhanam of Madras Presidency, stated that “in other countries they generally don’t adopt the National Anthem as part of the Constitution and they call upon expert musicians to create it and even offer prizes.” Given the differing opinions, the question was deliberated by a separate committee. But it could not reach a decision. It was left to the then President, Rajendra Prasad, to decide. On 24 January, 1950, when the Constituent Assembly met to sign the Constitution, Dr Prasad said, “The composition consisting of the words and music known as ‘Jana Gana Mana’ is the National Anthem of India, subject to such alterations in the words as the government may authorise…; and ‘Vande Mataram’ shall be honoured equally with ‘Jana Gana Mana’ and shall have equal status with it.” This statement wasn’t made a part of the Constitution. Incidentally, the historic August 14, 1947, midnight session, when Jawaharlal Nehru made the ‘Tryst with Destiny’ speech, ended with singing of a few lines of ‘Sare Jahan Se Achcha Hindustan Humara’ and the first verse of ‘Jana Gana Mana’. Clearly, a multiplicity of national songs reflected the unity-in-diversity idea of India, as enshrined in the opening lines the Constitution. An abridged version of nationallyloved songs was not held abhorrent.

JANA GANA MANA: The opening lines of the national anthem hold an answer

ANTHEM IN CINEMA

The practice of playing the national anthem in cinema halls began during the British Raj. The imperial directive was to play ‘God save the King’ at the end of each screening to inculcate patriotism t ow a rd s t h e E m p i re. A f t e r Independence, ‘Jana Gana Mana’ continued to be played at the end of each film screening. However, when it was observed that viewers started walking out of the halls when the anthem was on, it was stopped. Over years, the states reacted differently to the issue. In 2003, Maharashtra brought back the anthem to the cinemas through a legislation, asking the theatres to play it at the beginning of the screenings. In 2015, a Maduraibased lawyer, R Pundit sought directions of the Madras High Court

to stop playing the anthem before the screenings as most people remained sitting. The High Court dismissed the petition, and ruled that “the nature of disrespect alleged is vague”. Similarly, earlier this year, the Kerala police slapped a sedition case against seven people, including two women, after they failed to stand up when the anthem was played in a Thiruvananthapuram theatre. The state’s High Court observed that there was no offence amounting to “security of the

RIGID PATRIOTISM: AN ABRIDGED VERSION OF NATIONALLY-LOVED SONGS SUCH AS VANDE MATARAM AND JANA GANA MANA WAS NOT HELD ABHORENT BY THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY

TALE OF AN ANTHEM: (L) Tagore wrote 'Jana Gana Mana' in 1911, (R) the first English translation of the hymn appeared in 1942 without a title

PHOTO: HYDERABADONLINE.COM

nation” against the accused and there was no criminality. Now with the latest order, it will be a crime to remain sitting or loitering while the anthem is played in the theatres. For the apex court’s two-judge bench asserted, “Constitutional Patriotism does not allow any different notion or perception of individual rights.” The last word on the issue, perhaps, belongs to the writer of the anthem, the celebrated Rabindranath Tagore. In response to those who accused him of composing the song (now national anthem) for King George V, he said, “I pronounced the victory ‘Jana Gana Mana’ of the Bhagya Vidhata (God of Destiny) of India who has from age to age held steadfast the reins of India’s chariot through rise and fall, through the straight path and the curved.”

PHOTO: WIKI


globe patriot

HE SAID IT

THE PEOPLE WHO CAST THE VOTES DON'T DECIDE AN ELECTION, THE PEOPLE WHO COUNT THE VOTES DO JOSEPH STALIN, Dictator of the Soviet Union

NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

TWO STATES WILL FACE A RECOUNT, WHILE THE THIRD LIES IN A LIMBO. BUT CLINTON'S FUTURE IS UNLIKELY TO CHANGE

05

PURSUIT OF EVERY COUNT

Sashikala VP

ON 8 NOVEMBER, Jill Stein, who is the leader of America’s Green Party, was badly defeated in the country’s presidential elections for the second time. But this time, she won a minor victory — a possible recount of the votes in the three states of Wisconsin, Michigan and Pennsylvania. While Stein is unlikely to gain from the exercise — it may just help her gain some popular votes — it will in some unexpected, inexplicable manner help the other loser, the Democrat Hillary Clinton. The fact is that Republican Donald Trump won by wafer-thin margins in two of the three states — 27,000 in Wisconsin, 12,000 in Michigan, and 68,000 in Pennsylvania. Given the fact that Hillary won the overall popular vote by 2.1 million ballots, and she was defeated in all the three states, there may be an unlikely surprise for her after the recounts. The three states account for 46 seats, and if the tables are turned, it’ll be enough to make Trump the loser, and Hillary the victor. Not surprisingly, the Democrats were thrilled, although the chances of the results changing in Hillary’s favour are slim, almost non-existent according to experts. However,

Bush vs Al Gore The most talked-about recount was between George Bush and Al Gore. In 2000, Florida was the bone of contention, when it was alleged that irregularities favoured Bush. Eventually, the case reached the Supreme Court. On 12 December, the SC ruled to stop the count. It cited constitutional problems — that the recount would violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment — and voted 5-4, to stop the recount. Studies conducted after this decision showed that Gore would have won in the recount, and become the US President.

HER CHOICE: Jill Stein's decision has divided her party, with many shocked by the recount which seems as a support for Clinton

they enthusiastically backed Stein’s efforts and bid. Remember, after the results were announced, Hillary had conceded defeat, and requested the citizens to support Trump and “give him a chance.”

We are well aware of the undemocratic actions taken during the primaries by the DNC (Democrats) and the Clinton campaign. Greens cannot be perceived to be allied with such a party.”

STEIN’S MOTIVES

TRUMP'S REACTION

As a part of her endeavour, Stein raised $9.5 million in donations to pay for the filing and legal fees for the recounts. But many members of her party were taken aback by her mission, which was akin to helping Clinton; the Green Party is latter’s staunch critic. A Green Party senate candidate, Margaret Flowers, led a group of the members, who had rebelled against their leader. Their logic was that “as a candidate, Dr. Stein has the right to call for a recount. However, we urge the GPUS (Party) to distance itself from any appearance of support for either Democrats or Republicans.

The president-elect reacted like many would have guessed. He accused Clinton’s popular vote to unregistered voters in anger-filled tweets. “In addition to winning the Electoral College in a landslide, I won the popular vote if you deduct the millions of people who voted illegally,” he wrote. He went on to question Clinton’s criticism against Trump’s belief in the electoral college during the elections and how she and her campaign had done a complete turnaround. During the campaign, Trump had talked about the illegal voters, who may help defeat him.

PHOTO: AFP

Trump’s supporters moved the courts with lawsuits against the recount bid. On 2 December, a federal judge refused to halt the vote count in Wisconsin. The case filed by Political Action Committee was deferred till 9 December. In its petition, it said that the recount was u n c o n s t i t u t i o n a l . How e v e r, Wisconsin has a week to do the recount, before the hearing.

ther scrutiny — and could be a sign the vote totals were altered.” Stein, however, lost the case asking the Wisconsin’s election committee to count only by hand, as automatic recounting through a machine “risks tainting the recount process”. The recount, which began on December 1, has to be completed within two weeks.

WISCONSIN FIRST

Stein’s bid for Pennsylvania suffered a setback, after the party said it couldn’t afford the required $1 million bond demanded by the state courts. Stein called the demand as “outrageous” and a “shameful, unacceptable barrier to democratic participation”. She has decided to take the case to the federal court. But the Republicans are not giving up; Michigan state’s attorney general filed a case to stop the recount in Pennsylvania.

A state, which like many others, was predicted to go Hillary’s way, accepted the request of a recount, as it was paid about $3.5 million in costs. Stein’s campaign had cited a University of Michigan professor's statistical analysis of vote totals from the small wards that used optical-scan machines to count the votes. Walter Mebane said that “the totals from those wards exhibit numerical anomalies that bear fur-

PENNSYLVANIA HITCH

How it works The rules for whether a recount can be asked for, and who can do it, differ from state to state. Some allow recounts if there is a prima facie case of fraud, and others if the winning margins is too close — less than 2,000. In some states, the citizens can ask for recounts; in others, the candidates need to make the request. Here are how the three states differ:

WISCONSIN

THREE TO TANGO: Trump has to wait for a recount in three states

Only a candidate can request a recount. This happens if a petitioner “believes that a mistake or fraud was committed… or more specific grounds, such as a particular defect, irregularity, or illegality.” PHOTO: AFP

MICHIGAN

There are three reasons for a recount in this state. It can be initiated by a close margin, candidate, or voter. Only the first two apply for the presidential elections. In the first case, the margin has to be 2,000 votes or less, regardless of the number of votes cast in the particular election. In the second, any candidate at the county, city, township or village level “who believes he or she is aggrieved on account of fraud or mistake in the canvass or returns of the votes” may apply for a recount.

PENNSYLVANIA

Here too, the reasons are threefold

— close margin, voter initiated, and those initiated by the election officials. In the third case, it activates if a discrepancy is found in the reconciliation of the number of registered electors and the total votes. The county board is then authorised to “recount the ballots.” While the candidates cannot file a direct request, they can appeal to the “order or decision of any county board regarding the computation or canvassing of the returns of any primary or election, or regarding any recount or re-canvass thereof.” During the appeal process, a court may determine that a recount is necessary or not. HTTP://WWW.CEIMN.ORG


edit 06

THOUGHT OF THE DAY

A REVOLUTION IS A STRUGGLE TO THE DEATH BETWEEN THE FUTURE AND THE PAST

patriot

FIDEL CASTRO, Politician, Revolutionary

NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

Madness of crowd

P

eople cried, people died. Individuals were in a state of emotional frenzy, they were in a phase of dervish whirls. In Tamil Nadu, after Jayalalithaa’s death, people went mad. All forms of expressive intensities were visible, which only a True Leader can extract from her followers. The obvious questions were: what makes a crowd embrace a Leader, and how to deal with the challenges such events throw up in a democracy, both matured like the US or emerging like India? The Jayalalithaa-kind of sensational, charismatic individuals have emerged across the world in the form of politicians and saints. But do they form a cult for the same reasons, or different ones? In a 1938 interview to the Cosmopolitan, Carl Jung described them as “mystic medicine” persons. Talking about the cult around Adolf Hitler, he said, “This markedly mystic characteristic of Hitler is what makes him do things which seem to us illogical, inexplicable, curious and unreasonable…” KEY ELEMENT: But the crowds, THE CROWDS, believers, and BELIEVERS, AND followers see only FOLLOWERS SEE what they wish to ONLY WHAT THEY see, hear what they WISH TO SEE, wish to hear, and HEAR WHAT THEY trust what they wish WISH TO HEAR, to trust. In a crowd, AND TRUST WHAT as Jung explained, THEY WISH TO where millions of TRUST people are present, “the qualities which everybody possesses multiply, pile up, and become the dominant characteristics of the whole crowd.” They end up revering their leader, treating her as God. In his seminal book, Memoirs of Popular Delusions and the Madness of the Crowd, Charles Mackay said nations, individuals and communities have their “whims and peculiarities; their seasons of excitement and recklessness, when they care not what they do. We find whole communities suddenly fix their minds upon one object, and go mad in its pursuit; that millions of people become simultaneously impressed with one delusion, and run after it, till their attention is caught by some new folly more captivating than the first.” Such madness is defined by two factors – hope and despair. The people hope that things will change, and the society will undergo a positive Tsunami. And there is despair. Before Donald Trump became the president-elect, Stephen M Walt wrote in Foreign Policy that the people are fed up of the existing leaders. They abhor “a political class that repeatedly engages in self-serving misconduct yet walks away unscathed...” He concludes, “Might that explain the willingness to put one’s trust in people who don’t look or sound like a responsible leader…” Is this why a former actor became a chief minister?

Goodbye, EL COMANDANTE CUBA UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OF FIDEL CASTRO CREATED THE MOST OPEN SOCIALIST STATE IN THE ANNALS OF MARXISM, AND THE WORLD

Prof Dipak Malik DIRECTOR EMERITUS GANDHIAN INSTITUTE OF STUDIES

W

ith the death of Fidel Castro, the curtains finally came down on the builders and shakers of the 20th century. He started as a student leader, and turned to Partido Ortodoxo, a progressive antiFINAL GOOD BYE: Castro on his final journey from Havana to Santiago PHOTO: PTI corruption and anti-American political outfit. But he incrementally moved towards Marxism and the revolutionary Communist Party of Cuba along the Comandante, Fidel. Today, a huge swathe of Latin America creed, which brought him nearer to the Marxist-Leninist lines by combining the Popular Socialist Party, a rather three forces mentioned above. This is stands against the US hegemony and its sectarian Marxist formation in Cuba what distinguishes the Cuban model of neo-colonialism ideals and ideas. The which had to revise its approach later socialism; it was quite different from the former stand for the defence of national on to adjust to Latin American reality Soviet and East European models. The sovereignty, toiling and aboriginal peoand tenor. Cuban socialism was perhaps the excep- ple’s rights and struggles, thanks to the Ultimately by 1965, a Communist Party tional human-faced socialism with Latin internationalist stand that Fidel took during his lifetime. Fidel not only inspired was formed as an alliance between three American warmth and colour. the political changes in streams – MR-26-7, Popular Socialist Socialist Cuba’s arrival on favour of the masses, but also Party and the revolutionary directorate the world stage was as INSPIRATIONAL: influenced the world of Latin in the country. As a matter of fact, Castro miraculous as its guerrilla FIDEL NOT American literature, along camouflaged his identity; even the US warfare to defeat the Batista ONLY INSPIRED with a strong influence on took him at face value. The New York regime. This further con- THE POLITICAL the progressive intelligentsia Times correspondent, Herbert Matthews, founded the US State CHANGES IN globally. Casa de la Americas wrote that Castro was fighting the exist- Department. Cuba emerged FAVOUR OF THE is a home for the literature of ing dictator, Fulgencio Batista, which as the biggest champion of MASSES, BUT suited the US as it was against a dictator the marginalised, poor and ALSO INFLUENCED hope for the marginalised people and communities. who had no popular support and subjugated people in the THE WORLD OF Gabriel Garcia Marquez depended on support from the self-exiled world without any explicit LATIN AMERICAN got patronage from this litermafias of America, local casino owners or implicit tag attached. It LITERATURE ary organisation. Cuba under and the Latifundias (landed elite). was indeed the David the leadership of Castro created the most Fidel was a picture-perfect modern standing up to the US Goliath. guerrilla in Latin and Central American The Cuban Communist Party also open socialist state in the annals of colours. It goes to his credit that with a emerged as a new type of a revolutionary Marxism. The education and health care tiny force of guerrilla fighters party under the deft leader- were areas of distinction in its revolutionof two hundred, he could A DICTATOR: ship of Fidel. In the non- ary life-changing agenda. So was the volfight against the govern- CASTRO WAS aligned world, it found itself untary cooperativisation in agriculture. ment army of 10,000. He FIGHTING closely tied to Jawaharlal After the dissolution of the socialist and stood his ground even as the FULGENCIO Nehru and particularly communist regimes, including the USSR, Cuban air force pounded his BATISTA, A Indira Gandhi’s India. Its Castro’s Cuba was the load star of struggle Sierra Maestro base. He DICTATOR WHO copious interventions and and change for the better of the masses commanded such great DEPENDED ON solidarity actions in Africa in Latin America and the world. The movement and mindset was respect that the commander SUPPORT FROM and Latin America made it a of the Batista’s forces, SELF-EXILED champion of the Third World joined in by Chavez’s Bolivarian revoluGeneral Eulogio Contillo, MAFIAS OF liberation. The radical sway tion, and the progressive politics in a entered into secret deal of AMERICA of Latin America, right from number of Latin American nations. A ceasefire with him. t h e Hu g o C h a v e z - l e d sustainable model and practice of proThe US State Department was also Bolivarian revolution, Luiz Inacio Lula da people regime is emerging from this confused. Thus, an all-guerrilla manoeu- Silva of Brazil, Evo Morales and a number region, thanks to Fidel Castro. This itself vre brought a successful culmination of of past and current Latin American is a feat and achievement that will keep Cuban revolution by December 31, 1957. leaders and regimes drew their Fidel’s memories in our hearts for It took another 10 years to form the inspiration from the legendary El several decades.

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 1. Select an article or publication. Scan your local paper, follow writers or editorial boards that cover prison, jail or budget issues, or respond to a current event. Remember that the more popular and widely read publications receive hundred of letters. You have a better chance of getting your letter published in a smaller publication. 2. Respond in a timely fashion. If you are responding to a current event or article you’ve read, be prompt. Try and get your letter submitted within 24 hours. Don’t wait a few days or your topic will be old news. 3. Read other letters that the paper

has selected: Each paper’s letters will differ slightly in form, style, tone, and even in length, so you should read those letters to get a better idea of how to phrase your letters and to see what appeals to the editors of that paper. 4. Read the instructions. Most publications provide clear guidelines, including total word count, where to submit the final letter, and what other important information to include. You will have fierce competition and you don’t want your letter to get disqualified just because you forgot to write your email address or didn’t submit it in the proper format.

5. Include your name, address, email address and phone number. Editors often require this information, so they can verify your identity and get your consent prior to printing. If you don’t want your name or other information published, state so clearly. Include these directions in a separate paragraph. For example, you can say “Please note: I do not want my full name published with this letter.” 6. Decide on your angle. The most common types of letters either refute an issue or make a clarification of an issue, but there are other types of positions that you can take on the topic. Here are a few more:

• Praise an article. You can write a letter praising how a certain issue was presented and showing why it was important. • Appeal to your expertise. Use your position and experience to take issue with an article. • The informational letter. Use the article as a reason to provide more information to readers, such as sending them to a website or organization to get involved with an issue. • Set the record straight. If you think information in an article is incorrect, provide fact-based information to oppose it. Add some information of

your own to further your point. 7. Be concise and focused. Most letters are 150-300 words long, so remember to be as concise as possible. Write your letter in pithy, clever, and simple to understand statements. The paper can edit your letter, so you should get to the point early. Don’t bury your point inside a lengthy argument. Remember that short, concise letters sound confident. Long, wordy letters give the impression that you might be trying too hard to make a point. 8. Write a simple salutation. There’s no need to be fancy here. HTTP://CURBPRISONSPENDING.ORG/


op-ed

PATRIOT|NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

07

POLITICS OF DEMONETISATION THE COUNTRY NEEDS LOWER TAXES, STAMP DUTY AND CAPITAL GAINS; EVERYONE SHOULD BE TAXED

POLITICAL RIVALS: I&B Minister M Venkaiah Naidu and Congress Vice President Rahul Gandhi after another tumultous Parliament session

KR SUDHAMAN

best withdraw 10% of the total cash, which is around R17 lakh crore, of EVERY ECONOMIC theory is based which 86% is in R500 and R1000 on ‘ceteris paribus’ — a Latin notes. The process of demonetisaphrase meaning ‘with other things tion will cost the exchequer over being equal’. This assumption is R10,000 crore. Is it worth it? The crucial in economic study on cause answer is certainly a big ‘no’. and effect relationship. That’s why, The belief that this measure sometimes common sense is non- would help in withdrawing, say sense in economics, because, there around R1 lakh crore illicit money is always a difference between from circulation is irrational. The theory and practice. Prime minister, market has seen a spike in hawala Narendra Modi’s promise of ‘mini- transaction where money is being mum government and changed into dollars, maximum governance’ pounds and Euros. The IRRATIONAL: is at odds with the way THIS WILL NOT dollar-rupee rate has the move to demone- HELP COUNTER shot up in the informal tise 86% of nation’s sector to as high R130, ILLICIT MONEY. liquidity is being car- MARKET HAS which indicates that ried out. the money that had SEEN A SPIKE On the face of it, IN HAWALA been kept in cash is demonetisation being converted into TRANSACTION appears to be a laud- WITH MONEY foreign currency on a able move. However, BEING CHANGED large scale. And it’s not fact is, that currency INTO DOLLARS, coming to the governhas no colour — black POUNDS, EUROS ment. or white. All currency Why is it that hawala notes are legal tender and hence, is thriving? It is because, even 25 white in nature. It is the illicit pro- years after liberalisation process set cess of acquiring wealth, which in, we are still pursuing capital conneeds to be tackled. Unaccounted trols. If rupee is fully convertible in or ill-gotten money may be used for capital account just as it is current various economic activities but it is account, hawala business will totalnever stored or stock-piled in cash ly disappear just as gold smuggling except for temporary period, just did in the 1990s. But for that to hapahead of a major transaction. pen we need to do away with laws, Various studies have indicated that not bring in new currency. not more than 5-8% of cash could Though bilateral treaties and be black. information agreements are being PM’s move to demonetise can at signed with various countries, tax

havens continue to flourish. Money laundering is still rampant. The only positive aspect of the demonetisation is the setback to terrorists, Naxalites and other insurgents, whose funding might have been temporarily hit. Studies show that counterfeit notes do not amount to more than R400 crore. Meanwhile, terror funding is pegged at a few thousand crores of rupees. It is obvious that demonetisation by itself cannot tackle the issue of black money. Follow-up steps are required if the government is serious about dealing with the problem. To do that it needs to recognise that corruption is written into our everyday life from registering for birth and deaths certificates to paying for licences to conduct business, run restaurants and so on. Land and real estate are commonly used to generate unaccounte d c a s h a n d p a r k m o n e y. Investments in farmland are particularly tricky, since the country has land-holding strictures in various states. As a result, benami transactions are an entrenched practice. This is further made worse by rent seeking in tax exemptions. Gold is another commodity used for ‘investing’ black money. The fact that India loses R5.75 lakh crore annually in parallel economy, which is larger than the fiscal deficit of the country, speaks for itself. Implementation of stringent provisions in ‘benami’ transactions

PHOTO: PTI

amendment bill will only lead to more corruption and more black money generation as no draconian law can work as long as there is no effective implementation. Gold smuggling in India came to a grinding halt because of first lowering of duty, and then, its abolishment in 1991. Late C Rajagopalachari, India’s first Indian governor-gener-

al, said the more the laws and licenses, the country will move towards inspector-license-permit Raj. That’s what’s happened to India, before it was dismantled in 1991, when a move to liberalise the economy was taken. As far as election funding is concerned, no party is above board. If prime minister is serious about curbing black money, he should have cleansed his party first and made funding of his party transparent, so that other political parties could have followed suit. Instead through demonetisation, what he has attempted is to disarm all other political parties by starving them of cash. There are already allegations that BJP’s money bags were informed ahead of demonetisation to help them save their money. The body language of the political leaders does not suggest that they have been really hit by the move. If India has to deal with black money generation it would have to lower tax rates and do away with tax exemptions so that there are no discretionary powers with the government to freely indulge in corruption and black money generation. The purchase of flats in secondary markets includes a “cash component” due to high stamp duty. Phasing out the stamp duty, a relic of colonial tax, could help curb illegal transactions. There is need to have proper land title system to minimise corruption, which leads to generation of illicit wealth. Just as the roll out of Goods and Services Tax (GST) will help in eliminating black money in indirect taxes, government should lower capital gains tax if not abolish it in real estate. All people should pay tax including farmers (beyond a reasonable threshold) so that there is equity and no incentive and loopholes to evade tax. India has the dubious distinction of top 1% of population accounting for 58% of wealth, which means inequality is widening year after year. The government needs to seriously look at major systemic reforms like those mentioned above so that poor and downtrodden benefit and the country is able to stamp out corruption. Above all, it must carry out police, electoral, administrative and judiciary reforms. Black money generation will automatically get minimised and ease of doing business will improve and the country will automatically move toward “minimum government, maximum governance”.

HIS PLAN: PM delivering a speech backing his move

PHOTO: PTI


business patriot

08

QUOTE

THERE IS SO MUCH OIL, ALL OVER THE WORLD, THEY DON’T KNOW WHERE TO DUMP IT. THEY WANT TO REDUCE PRODUCTION ARE THEY OUR FRIENDS? DONALD TRUMP, President-elect, US

NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

The Oil Swings

Russia, real beneficiary RIYADH WAS FORCED, TEHARAN SEDUCED, BUT MOSCOW WILL BE THE BIG WINNER

EARLY SHOCKS Possibly, the first oil shock (1862-64) began with the onset of the US civil war as prices rose 10 times to $2 a gallon. In the 1920s, the American west coast areas witnessed huge shortages, which was followed by the slump during the Great Depression (1930s).

MODERN SHOCKS During the first Gulf War in the 1990s, oil prices peaked at $65 a barrel, but hit a low of $15 due to the subsequent period of global recessions. Then it went up to $45 on September 11, 2001, but dropped to $26 in mid-2003. The second Gulf War saw the prices zoom to $80; it never rested there, and went up to over $100. Only after the 2008 financial crises did prices slump by over 60%. Now with Russia having joined OPEC to slash production, experts feel $80 is a possibility.

REAL SHOCKING CRISES When Egypt nationalised the Suez Canal, and as Israel invaded the former, oil production fell by over 10% or 1.7 million barrels per day (mb/d). In October 1973, Syria and Egypt invaded Israel, followed by OPEC’s decision to severely cut production. On January 1, 1974, OPEC doubled oil prices. The Iranian Revolution (1978-79) knocked out 4.8 mb/d of Iran’s production or 7% of the world’s output. The Iran-Iraq war (1980) had a similar impact. But by the mid-1980s, prices crashed from $27 per barrel in 1985 to $12 the next year.

IN THE SHADOWS: OPEC’s bid to hike oil prices has the blessing of powerful non-OPEC nations, but it’s a difficult road ahead

Business Desk

EVERYONE THOUGHT the battle was between Saudi Arabia, which wanted a cut in global oil production, and Iran, which has come out of international sanctions and wishes to produce more to earn more. As OPEC (Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries) decided to reduce overall output in a bid to bump up the low oil prices, it was Russia, which played the major role. In fact, after OPEC’s decision to cut production by 1.2 million barrels per day (mb/d), Moscow said it would trim its own by 300,000 barrels per day. Even as OPEC debated for months, from the first day, Riyadh insisted that there would be no deal unless Moscow was on board. While cajoling the Saudis to force a decision, Russia waited for the Organisation to come to a decision. Iran stalled it for weeks, but in the end got the best option it could. Teharan has to reduce its output by a mere 90,000 barrels per day. In comparison, Saudi’s output will fall by 486,000 barrels, Iraq’s by 210,000, Kuwait’s by 131,000 and United Arab Emirates’ by 139,000 barrels.

MOSCOW’S GAME PLAN

With Donald Trump in power in the US, and his alleged proximity to Vladimir Putin of Russia, there’s a feeling that the era of Cold War, and subsequent tensions between the two nations will be finally over. In fact, the two leaders may work out an informal or formal agreement that can prove to be a win-win for both. A rise in global crude prices is one such deal, albeit an unspoken one. If crude prices rise by $20 or so, or remain around the $60 mark, it helps both the Russian energy

cutbacks, which impacted its econfirms and those in the US. With 12% share of global produc- omies. Its cuts are the largest; in the tion, and similar share of oil exports, 1980s, as other members flouted Russia will be one of the key benefi- the reductions, Riyadh lost reveciaries of a price rise, along with the nues and market shares, as others other major producers such as reaped the benefits. However, the world has changed Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq and Kuwait. A boom in the Russian economy in the past two years, at least from will be critical for Putin, who has Riyadh’s perspective. The US is no ambitious plans to play a pivotal longer a trustworthy ally; America and major role in global politics and passed the 9/11 law, despite the diplomacy. Over the past few years, objections of the former president, he has shown this streak, as he did Barack Obama, to convict the Saudi with the OPEC’s decision to cut oil royal family members, if they are production in 2017, along with a found to be involved in the collapse of the twin towers on September 11, few non-OPEC nations. As oil prices slumped nearer to 2001. In addition, the Saudi econo$30, and hovered around the $40 my was hurting. According to anamark for years, the US oil industry lysts, the country has “burned was in shambles. As the cost of through more than $100 billion exploration is higher in America, worth of foreign exchange reserves and has been forced to the entire ‘fracking’ OIL THEATRICS: cut social services and segment was shut BOTH THE US AND government salaries to down. Shale oil proRUSSIA CAN GAIN compensate for lower duction, which is profFROM A SPIKE oil revenues, threatenitable only at the highIN OIL PRICES. ing stability in the er prices, suffered. THE FORMER’S region.” In the recent Thus, the US became FRACKING past, Riyadh in fact has more dependent on SECTOR WILL inched a bit closer to imports, rather than GET A BOOST; Moscow, as it remains domestic production. THE LATTER WILL unsure of Washington. Most experts are conEARN PRECIOUS This is the reason vinced that higher FOREIGN MONEY why the Saudis tried to prices will rejuvenate prevail over Iran, and the fracking segment initially, and if prices go up further, emphasised that cutbacks will be relevant if the non-OPEC nations energise the shale oil segment. agreed to do the same. However, the RIYADH’S HEADACHE key problems will remain: OPEC Ever since oil prices slumped over and non-OPEC countries may the past few years, Saudi Arabia renege on their promises, as has refused to cut output in a bid to happened regularly in the past, and bump up the prices. There were higher production in other counseveral reasons for it. One, Riyadh tries, especially the US. wanted the US fracking industry to suffer, which the latter did. Two, the MYSTERY BEHIND PRICES West Asian nation didn’t wish to In a recent study, Christiane repeat historical mistakes. In the Baumeister and Lutz Kilian 1980s, it had agreed to production explored the reasons why the “mar-

PHOTO: AFP

ket expectations” of global oil prices are frequently proved wrong. According to them, and others, future prediction will invariably remain elusive, faulty, and grossly wrong because of four reasons. First, any demand forecast is fraught with dangers because it is pegged on economic growths. Most economists realise that GDPs are tough nuts to crack. In the past, the International Monetary Fund has time and again forecasted that oil demand will rise. It hasn’t till now; in fact, oil demand slumped almost consistently in the past six years. Second, new technology can wreck estimates about production, supply and prices. An article gave this example: “In the 2000s, when oil prices were rising worldwide, a small company named EOG was tinkering with fracking and horizontal drilling techniques to get at oil trapped underground in Texas (US) shale rock formations. At the time, most industry experts thought it was impossible to extract this oil… But EOG persisted and persisted... That helped lead the massive shale oil boom in the United States, which later caused the prices to plummet starting in 2014.” Third, there is a risk element attached to the oil prices. According to the two authors, “Thus, most oil price predictions simply ignore the possibility of future political or economic crises.... Because crises are rare, this strategy usually works, but occasionally it may result in spectacular predictive failures.” Timothy Taylor, an economist, feels that we think that future mirrors the past. Hence, we believe what happened in the past will happen again. It will be exciting to watch the interplay between Riyadh, Teharan, Moscow, and Washington.


business

PATRIOT|NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

HIGH RISE: All the industries are hit for two basic reasons — they use cash to buy raw materials, and pay temporary workers in cash

Who wins, loses, or cares?

09

PHOTO: WIKI

HERE IS A LOOK AT HOW VARIOUS SECTORS ARE IMPACTED DUE TO MODI’S DEMONETISATION MOVE Business Desk

FARMERS, MANDIS AND BANKS

gold prices slumped and slipped below Rs 30,000. However, over the next few months and years, people may wish to keep their money in gold and jewellery, and not in cash, as is the case now. Bullion is as good as cash as it can easily be converted into money or loans. But then this trend will be balanced by the shortage of cash and, in December, gold imports may be 50 tonnes.

For the farmers, it’s a double whammy. They need cash for their produce from the previous season, so that they can use it to buy seeds and fertilisers to sow and reap for the next one. Demonetisation has hampered both – they get 20% less for existing crops and are unable to invest for the future. Media quoted Bhimsen Mahadev Ghuge, a MANUFACTURING WOES 50-year-old cotton farmer in Almost all the industries are hit for Maharashtra, who lost 15% on a two basic reasons – they do use cash cotton deal. He did not want the to buy raw materials, and pay a money in old notes, so he sold his huge chunk of temporary workers produce to an unregistered trader. or small and medium outsourcers. “I have to manage my expenses and The export-oriented segments, like textiles, jewellery, leathpay wages in Rs 100 EAGLE EYE : er, and others are the notes,” he said. JEWELLERY More importantly, worst affected. “The SALES JUMPED, the mandis and other labour-oriented export UP TO 80% IN buyers have no cash to industry is the worst hit SOME CITIES, pay; they insist on where daily wages are to AS PEOPLE cheques or bank transbe paid and cash purCONVERGED fers, which the farmers chases are involved. The TO CONVERT don’t like. For one, government must take THE HIGH many don’t have bank immediate steps and DENOMINATION accounts, and even if raise waiver cap on NOTES INTO they have, the branches repayment of loans to SAFER BULLION are located far away the MSME industry from their homes. In from Rs 1 crore working addition, there is a lending issue. As limit to Rs 5 crore,” Sandeep Verma, per media reports, Sanjay Patil from president, Himachal Pradesh Maharashtra explained, “In my vil- Export Council, told a newspaper. lage, there is no bank… (and) I can- Former prime minister, Manmohan not afford to go to town and stand Singh, said in Parliament that the in queue to open an account….” He GDP growth may come down by added, “Those with accounts say if 2%; other analysts feel that the the money is deposited in the bank, impact will be higher – a dip of the bank will deduct their loan almost 4% to 3.5% growth. Either amount… first.” way, the next three quarters will be critical.

GOLD MAY BE KING, NOT CASH

In the initial days, jewellery sales jumped, up to 80% in some cities, as people converged to convert the high denomination notes into safer bullion. Hours after prime minister Narendra Modi’s announcement on 8 November, unofficial gold prices jumped 100% to Rs 60,000. In November, gold imports of 100 tonnes accounted for a fifth of the total imports in this fiscal. However, when the government announced restrictions on new gold and jewellery that can be kept by individuals,

the truckers refuse to accept the old notes as their wages or expenses because they don’t wish to stand in queues to deposit them, and dhabas and hotels don’t accept them. In its press release, the All India Motor Transport Congress, the apex body for transporters, said that the move has paralysed the segment, affected supplies, and led to acute financial crunch as 80% of the operational costs are cash-based.

INFORMALLY CASHLESS

India’s unorganised and informal economy employs over 80% of the workforce. It includes workers in small and medium industries, grocers, barbers, maids, construction workers and others. Construction is one of the most labour-intensive sectors. These employees’ lives are in disarray. They don’t know what to do with their high denomination notes – till recently, a family on a construction site earned its com-

bined daily wages in Rs 500 notes. According to Deloitte report, such people, who have no access to cards, mobile payments and e-wallets are the worst hit. In the case of construction, work has dried up as contractors cannot pay in cash. This has hit the families, an example being the naka in Bhandup. “From nake ke mazdoor (labourers), we have become nake ke bhikari (beggars),” says Sanjay Kumar, a mason helper who managed to get five days’ work in the three weeks since the note ban. Lahu Suradkar, whose wife is three months pregnant, has spent several days without food. “I can only afford to spend Rs 20 a day to buy grains,” he says. Such migrants from Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh survive on langars.

REALITY STRIKES REALTY

Everyone agrees that the real estate sector is the biggest generator of

black money. Despite the builders’ insistence on cheque payments or through bank loans, there are hordes of deals where up to 50-60% of the amount is paid in cash. Within a week of demonetisation, property prices, at least in metros and cities, crashed by 15-20%. Experts feel that the sector will be down by 30-40% across the country. But, on a positive note, the cashdriven deals are out, so in this case the sector will emerge in a new, white-washed form. In addition, the decrease in deposits’ rate will be followed by those in the lending rates, including on car and home loans. So, there may be a revival in the last quarter of this fiscal (2016-17). Banks may also be more willing to extend loans to genuine home and property buyers. More properties will come into the market, if demonetisation is followed by a crackdown on benami properties.

VEGETABLES, TRUCKS AND DRIVERS

About 200 million people are employed in road transportation, which ensures that households get their regular supplies, and so does industry. This system is at a standstill. On a normal route, say, between Delhi and Mumbai, a truck spends around Rs 50,000 in cash – to pay for diesel, food, stay, taxes, and bribes – on a one-way trip. With lack of cash, this has become tough. The owners don’t have the smaller denominations or new notes to pay;

GOLDEN TIMES: Bullion is as good as cash as it can easily be converted into money or loans

PHOTO: AFP


technology patriot

10

NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

‘Big Brother’ is watching you! INFORMATION PROVIDED VIRTUALLY IS CONTROLLED BY INDIVIDUALS. BUT POWERFUL INTERESTS CAN USE IT Mihir Srivastava

RAHUL GANDHI was in news for an awkward reason. The twitter account of the Congress vice-president was hacked into and series of offensive tweets put out. The same happened with the Congress Party twitter account. Now, if Rahul and his party aren’t safe from the online onslaught, and privacy-related issues, no one is. But what we see is only the tip of an iceberg. Not just the social networking sites, our presence on the Internet is all-pervasive, multifaceted. Consider this, the recent demonetisation is the first decisive step towards cashless economy. If this happens, the Internet will provide the technology platform for most of the future transactions. The whole financial network, the banking system — individuals and corporate — will be linked through the Internet. The Aadhar card will become an instrument that’ll provide all the necessary details about a person at the click of a button. There are multiple ways in which people will be under the scanner. The government will know everything about you. Information is the key. And this will rest with the government and its various agencies. For the individual, there will be no hiding place, no safe havens — like the Swiss Banks to park the illegitimate wealth. Internet is not constrained by the physical boundaries of a nation-state. The very essence of the Internet is that it’s a public domain. It’s a platform where people do business, carry out various personal transactions, interact and communicate. The privacy issues come into play for the simple reason that the audience is bigger than a user can ever imagine or can ever control. Rahul’s twitter account being hacked is just one example of what can happen. Simply said, compromising privacy is an essential condition to be on the Internet. It’s like while commuting on a bus, a passenger can’t demand the privileges of travelling in a cab, or her own car. One is present on the Internet in various forms and manifestation

FREE INFORMATION: For individuals, there will be no hiding places, no safe havens

MAKE IN INDIA

CENTRE

ALLOWANCE

MASTERCARD

E-COMMERCE

TWITTER RATE

IMPACT

DEBIT CARD RBI

JAN-DHAN YOJNA

INTERNET

WIKILEAKS MEDIA PAYTM FREEDOM QUEUES

CREDIT CARD METRO DIGITAL INDIA GDP

GST SBI VISA

DEMAND TERROR LOK SABHA CURRENCY

PETITION

LEAKED

MARKET POLICY

CONTROL

LAUNDERING

BANKS INFORMATION ATM PRIVATE ACCOUNT SCHEME VIRTUAL COOKIES

LOGJAM

PROFIT SKILL

SOCIAL MEDIA

control and own their privileged personal information put out on the Internet is legitimate and crucial. Some have begun to act on it. Skeptics say, much is being made out of nothing in the name of individual privacy. An identity theft of an individual by another at some far-flung place is unlikely to serve any meaningful purpose. Given that one-third of the humanity is hooked on the Internet, in different measures, all over the world. There’s a plethora of information generated in real-time, all the time. Even the most advanced of supercomputers will find it next to impossible to decipher meaning out of it. However, there are new algorithms which can make sense of some of the data that’s floating in the virtual world. The virtual life on the Internet has real repercussions. Russians are

CORPORATIONS

GROWTH EMERGING

FACEBOOK

— through pictures, videos, geolocation, blogs, microblogs, profile, both past and present. A person’s financial and professional details are there for anyone to hack and see. The information emanating from various sources can be codified into meaningful data. That’s critical information, and the governments have access to it. This information can also be made available to the corporate and other agencies to help them formulate informed marketing strategies. For them, of course, big data is a major money spinner. Then, there’re online stalkers who derive sadistic pleasure in hacking into people’s life, which can have serious repercussions. Identity theft is a distinct possibility, a crime without even the victim knowing that s/ he’s a victim. Given these circumstances, the people’s concern to

GROWTH CASHLESS AADHAR KYC PUBLIC

GRAPHIC: RN SINHA

being accused of having sabotaged the US presidential elections. Perhaps a major reason why Hillary Clinton lost to Donald Trump in the recently-concluded election was the news that she used a private server for classified and top secret documents while she was the secretary of the state. There were charges that these email records were leaked by Moscow in a bid to help Trump’s campaign. The US Today gives an example of how compromised one is on the Internet. Microsoft, for example, identified women at the risk of postpartum depression. Or for that matter, Facebook — which is now reduced to a behavioural laboratory — allowed a study on how parents and kids interact with each other. The tax authorities have the information to literally control the lives of the citizens, especially the tax-payers. WikiLeaks is a glowing example of what wrong can happen if the facts and figures gets leaked to the people it’s not meant to be shared with, or when classified/secret information comes out in the public domain. The long-trusted relationship between nations, institutions and individuals can get sour, if it doesn’t abrogate acrimoniously. The German establishment now knows for sure that their trustworthy-ally, America, was spying on it, thanks to WikiLeaks. It caused a furore, and the trust-deficit will remain high for a long time between the two leading economies. Not just nation-states and organisation, the collective behaviour of humanity is under the scrutiny all the time, facilitated by the Internet. Jeff Clark in his article, “Privacy concerns a Threat to Social Media”, sheds light on the business model of Facebook as a representative of a larger malice. Facebook makes more money because its users value their personal data less than the services they receive. The greater is the premium on data, greater is the

PHOTO: MEDIASHIFT / DRISHTI

SOCIAL THEFT: IDENTITY THEFT IS EASY GIVEN THAT THERE ARE NOW A BILLION PEOPLE HOOKED ON TO SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES GLOBALLY, THERE’S A PLETHORA OF INFORMATION GENERATED IN REAL-TIME, ALL THE TIME risk to ‘privacy’. People fail to distinguish between information they voluntarily shared and systematic monitoring by governments, corporate or individuals. Only a small minority is apprehensive. Many of the surveys carried out in the US, and elsewhere in the West, confirm that people are more than willing to get off the virtual space as their own emissaries, if they could withdraw what’s already there in terms of their personal detail. Once on a network, the information footprints never get erased. It’s like losing virginity. For instance, the terms and conditions to be on a social networking site is so convoluted that the user doesn’t even know what s/he is handing over to them on a platter. The situation is highly skewed against the user. Pew Research Center — a nonpartisan think tank that studies attitudes and trends shaping America — found that the young are vulnerable, teenagers in particular, as they don’t care much about the third-party access to their information. A whole new generation will grow up afflicted by this invisible, yet debilitating, trap. There are lessons for us, countries like India, that’s adopting Internet as some sort of a panacea. It’s so true. Writes Robert A. Heinlein in his seminal book Stranger in the Strange Land, “Most neuroses and some psychoses can be traced to the unnecessary and unhealthy habit of daily wallowing in the troubles and sins of five billion strangers.” Though, much more is at stake.


technology

PATRIOT|NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

11

Style and power AUDI RS7 COMES WITH A GREAT EXTERIOR, SUPER COMFORT AND A BEAST OF AN ENGINE, GIVING TOP SPEED OF 305 KM/HR MotorBeam

WE HAVE driven the Audi RS7 many times in the past and the car has always left us impressed. It looks killer, has a great amount of features, boasts of good comfort and comes with a beast of an engine. The 550 horses from the earlier RS7 were enough to beat most supercars on our roads but then the guys at Audi decided to add some more power to an already powerful car and what we have here now is the Audi RS7 Performance.

EXTERIORS

The Audi RS7 is quite a looker and if we must add, it is the perfect combination of class and sport. The styling is very appealing and the body line is clean, no unnecessary curves or lines. The Audi A7 itself has a pleasing design and the RS7 comes with many sporty bits on it. There are no changes to the Performance edition and it looks largely the same as the regular RS7. The dark green colour on our test car, coupled with the low profile tyres and sexy alloy wheels, made sure our car attracted way too many eyeballs wherever we went.

INTERIORS

The interiors of the RS7 are again very similar to the A7 but come with a lot of sporty additions. You get carbon fibre inlays on the dashboard and on the centre console. The layout is clean and all controls fall within easy reach. The steering wheel feels amazing to hold and so does the chunky gear knob. The MMI system comes with a retractable screen and you get features like service details, Bluetooth connectivity, navigation, etc. The MMI also displays a variety of information related to the car including various settings. The front seats are just superb and very comfortable. You get good support from the ample cushioning. Space at the rear is a bit limited while headroom is also less due to the roof line of the car.

PERFORMANCE

Here is a fun fact, the last generation Audi RS7 actually had more power than the current generation model whose 4.0-litre twin-turbo V8 engine outputs 560 PS of power and 700 Nm of torque. When Audi launched the facelift, the engine’s

output numbers weren’t increased because this vehicle was already too quick with a claimed 0-100 km/hr time of 3.9 seconds. But out of the blue, Audi has decided to bring in the RS7 Performance, which as the name suggest, boasts even more performance, the TFSI mill being uprated by 45 BHP to 605 BHP of power. Torque output remains the same at 700 Nm but the overboost function gives a 50 Nm increase of torque to 750 Nm for a short span of time. The result is the Audi RS7 Performance is 0.2 seconds quicker than the standard model in doing the 0-100 km/hr sprint, at 3.7 seconds, is blisteringly quick. We recorded a time of 3.69 seconds on our VBOX. Top speed is 305 km/hr so there is ample grunt. How does the car feel? Not very different from the standard as both are seriously fast coupes. There is no launch control but left foot on the brake, right foot on the accelerator, hold the revs till 2500 RPM and leave the brake pedal, the result is a launch with such amazing thrust that you feel like you are strapped on a javelin. The best part is, it reaches the double ton so quickly that before you make up your mind to start braking, it is also nudged past 200 km/hr, there is absolutely no let go from the motor which has just so much punch to keep pulling this vehicle. There is the usual Audi modes for driving, so you can get into sports mode on the gear lever or shift to tiptronic while also taking control of cogs via the steering mounted paddle shifters. You can also up the level of mental by choosing Dynamic in the Audi Drive Select which just firms up the suspension, increases the thrust from the engine, sharpens the steering and also quickens the shifts. 100 km/hr comes up in third gear and the Audi RS7 can turn from Hyde to Jekyll in a split second, the

DRIVING GEAR: THERE IS THE USUAL MODES FOR DRIVING, SO YOU CAN GET INTO SPORTS MODE ON THE GEAT LEVER OR SHIFT TO TIPTRONIC WHILE ALSO TAKING CONTROL OF COGS VIA THE STEERING MOUNTED PADDLE SHIFTERS

motor spinning at just 1600 RPM in top gear while to boost efficiency, the cylinder on demand tech shuts 4-cylinders. We do wish the motor would be more vocal near the 6500 RPM redline. Our test car was returning 3 km/l while the claimed mileage is a respectable and rather unachievable 10.5 km/l. The 8-speed gearbox is quick with shifts and the car is a supercar slayer with terrific in-gear acceleration numbers.

DRIVING DYNAMICS

Being equipped with quattro, power is channeled smoothly at all times, no wheelspins, no drama and even if you are very aggressive on the throttle, the Audi RS7 behaves itself. The massive 275/35/20 sized tyres offer leech like grip and you can enter corners at insane speeds and come out on the other side without wetting your pants. But the massive rims also mean you have to be supremely careful on Indian roads which throw out a big bump or two unannounced. Ride quality is very good by the low profile tyres standard. Ground clearance is low but we did not face any issues with the underbelly although to be brutally honest, we were super careful over speed bumps. The RS7 has good body control but it isn’t a sharp handler due to the heavy two tonnes of weight it

EVERYDAY MACHINE: The current batch of RS cars from Audi’s stable provide excellent performance and dynamics and yet they are very PHOTOS: AUDI practical compared to many other sports cars.

carries. The steering has good feedback but isn’t the sharpest and lacks a bit of feel. Understeer kicks in when you corner very hard and the RS7 doesn’t wag its tail out. The carbon ceramic brakes result in stupendous stopping power.

VERDICT

There are many 600 HP sports cars in the Indian market today but not all of them are practical enough to be used on a daily basis. The RS7 Performance is one of those few performance cars that you can drive everyday. The car feels easy to drive in city traffic and the pleasure it gives on open roads is u n b e a t a b l e. T h e Au d i R S 7 Performance makes for an excellent

buy if you want a sports car that can be used on your daily drive to work as well as your weekend outings on long stretches of highways. While its actual competitor is the BMW M6, the RS7 Performance will also give a tough fight to the Lamborghini Huracan, Jaguar F-Type and Audi’s own R8 V10 since it produces equal amounts of power as these supercars. Price OTR Mumbai: R2,08,54,276

WHAT’S COOL

l Engine is an absolute beast l Practical enough to be used everyday

WHAT’S NOT SO COOL

l Quattro steals some amount of drama

Nissan High Performance Centre Nissan has inaugurated the NHPC (Nissan High Performance Centre) in Noida. It is a point where all the offerings from Nissan are available for sale, along with the service facility. Moreover, it is the only centre in India where Nissan’s flagship supercar, the GT-R is available for consumer display and sale. Apart from this, the centre will also provide after-sales service for the supercar by Nissan. At the centre, all the crucial equipment and trained professionals are available to look after the repairing and servicing of the GT-R. Starting from the wheel alignment machine to various repairing instruments all are available at this centre. The technicians who will be handling the high-tech setup are trained from Japan exclusively for

such high-end supercars. Nissan also provides the “flying doctors” who will be just a call away if a GT-R owner faces any problem regarding the vehicle across India. These technicians will troubleshoot the faults and will suggest the necessary solution. Recently, the company launched the 2017 model of the GT-R in India. Under the hood, the GT-R carries a 3.8-litre V6 engine which pumps out 565 HP of power and 633 Nm of

torque. It comes at a price tag of R1.99 crores (ex-showroom, New Delhi).

WHAT YOU GET

l All the offerings from Nissan, including GT-R will be sold and serviced at the Noida centre l The technicians in the NHPC have received training from Japan l Specially trained experts will be available on a phone call for GT-R owners across the country


art&culture patriot

12

NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

EPHEMERAL ELEGANCE

FASHION AND ART CAN BRING EXCITING DYNAMICS TO THE TABLE, ESPECIALLY WHEN THEIR ORIGINATIVE VISIONS ALIGN HARMONIOUSLY TOGETHER. BLURRING THE LINES BETWEEN THE TWO DISCPLINES, HERE ARE SOME CREATIVE RELATIONSHIPS LUXURY BRANDS HAVE SHARED WITH FEMALE ARTISTS OVER THE YEARS Shefali Jauhar

TARUN TAHILIANI X SINGH TWINS INDIA’S GRANDMASTER of drapes and couture presented wearable works of art in his spring-summer 2015 collection in collaboration with the Singh Twins. Pursuing a ‘Past-Modern’ aesthetic, the UK-based sisters are known for blending Western and Eastern styles by rekindling traditional Indian miniature paintings in their very own contemporary renditions. The collection featured bursts of unapologetically bright colours in the shades of sunset and blue in the designer’s signature drapes and silhouettes. Accessories followed suit in vibrant tones and patterns to accompany the ultra modern prints.

TRACEY EMIN X LONGCHAMP

The British modern artist known for her versatality in art mediums, often used as her canvas of confessional artwork, collaborated with the French handbag-maker on its 10th anniversary with the Le Pliage bag. Some of the artist’s techniques on the nylon accessory featured patchwork, painting and embroidery. The special collaboration was a limited edition of 200 pieces that were inspired by Emin’s narrative. It was about an “International Woman”, where she embroidered the bag with the name of the hotel, city or street she had fallen in love with. Her sense of expression always convey a personal touch, something luxury brands try narrating through their identities.

YAYOI KUSAMA X LOUIS VUITTON The Japanese art extraordinaire spread her pointillistic vision to perhaps the most collaborativeforward brand, Louis Vuitton, in 2012. Having previously associated with other Japanese artists like Takashi Murakami, Louis Vuitton got together with the versatile female artist, to produce an exclusive line of leather goods and accessories. Merging her visual aesthetic with the French brand, window displays from all its stores in 64 countries were hypnotised with dots. Despite having battled mental health issues for over 30 years, yet to have immersed herself in art for over seven decades, surely proves that age is merely a n number.

ART ENCOUNTERS: Designer Tarun Tahiliani collaborated with the Singh Twins for his 2015 collection

PHOTOS: TARUN TAHILIANI, LONGCHAMP & LOUIS VUITTON

BLIND FOR LOVE: Gucci’s new book celebrates Cruise’17

Blind For Love, a new limited-edition publication by Gucci, showcases a collection of images taken by British artist and photographer Nick Waplington. The book documents Gucci’s Cruise 2017 fashion show that took place in London, inside the cloisters at Westminster Abbey this year. Waplington, whose photography is an unapologetic rendition of British life, captures candid moments in the lead-up to the show, as well as behind-the-scenes images during and after the main event. The book is published by the luxury brand, Assouline and, will be limited to 1,000 copies. Priced at $95, €90 and £60, the title was published on December 1 and will be available at Assouline boutiques around the world, as well as, Assouline.com. Specialty stores like Dover Street Market in London, New York and Tokyo, Colette in Paris, along with selected bookstores like the Palais de Tokyo in Paris, will also retail the book. n


entertainment patriot

NEW DELHI | THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

13

Abandonment and the city DEAR ZINDAGI IS GAURI SHINDE’S LOVE LETTER TO LIFE WITH A SMATTERING OF EVERYDAY HUMAN STRIFE Matinée NIRAJA RAO IN 1999, Aishwarya Rai playing Nandini in Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam ate a plate full of green chillis, eyes streaming with tears, to show her spite at lost love. Almost two decades later in 2016, Alia Bhat pays homage to that scene as she eats a green chilli to spite a similar lost love in Dear Zindagi. In these two decades Hindi cinema has undergone a monumental change. Farah Khan broke a few glass ceilings with Main Hoon Na in 2004 and was soon followed by Zoya Akhtar with Luck by Chance in 2009 and Nandita Das with Firaq, 2009. Then came Gauri Shinde with English Vinglish in 2012 and Reema Kagti with Talaash also in 2012. Of all these women directors, Gauri Shinde was the only one who focused on a woman protagonist. She made her debut with a film about a simple housewife, who struggles with English. With her second feature film, Dear Zindagi, Shinde has become the poster girl for women-centric films and thought-provoking characters. Funnily though Gauri Shinde has always shied away from tags like feminism or activism. Talking to Seema Sinha (Firstpost), she says, “I don’t know if I am more pulled towards women’s emotions and struggles... It was not conscious. These are the stories that come out of me.” Shinde says about the original idea of Dear Zindagi. “Every story is your imagination and your wishful thinking. I have had therapy myself, which is why I can speak about this. I wished for someone, who would be like Jehangir Khan, and that is how the character was created.” Earlier talking about her motivation in making a film like English Vinglish, Shinde had told Piyashree Dasgupta, (Firstpost), “The film is inspired by and draws from the experience of my mother. She had struggled with the language (English) for quite some time.” Based on her small, but important and increasingly popular body of work what may one assume is

OPEN APPEAL: Shah Rukh Khan, Alia Bhatt and director Gauri Shinde shooting for Dear Zindagi, where the protagonist learns to deal with life and all its PHOTO: DEAR ZINDAGI complexities with a little help from therapist Jehangir Khan

Gauri Shinde’s oeuvre as a Hindi film director? From her press interviews, Gauri Shinde is clear on the films she wants to make. Her stories originate in something intimate and personal, like her mother’s discomfort with English or her own therapy sessions. This intimacy is then fictionalised to address a real issue that the audience can both identify with and relate to. English Vinglish is about homemaker (played by Sridevi) Shashi’s limited knowledge of English. This leads to a lot mocking and unconscious ridicule by her family. Suddenly Shashi is invited to travel to America alone to help with her niece’s wedding and this trip proves to be life altering. In America, Shashi enrolls in an English language class where she not only feels wanted and

appreciated, but also regains her self- views. Thrown out of her flat by the confidence. Shashi gives a speech in landlord for being single, Kiara goes fluent English on the day of the wed- home to Goa to live with her parents. ding and her shocked family Unable to handle their conventional responds with contriworld views, Kiara tion and a whole-heartfinds solace in theraWELLBEING: ed embrace of her as a pist Jehangir Khan, “HER STORIES woman and mother. who has a wonderORIGINATE IN On the other hand, fully individualistic SOMETHING Dear Zindagi is a comstyle of engaging his INTIMATE AND ing of age film. Kiara, patients in therapy. PERSONAL, LIKE played by Alia Bhat, is a Kiara eventually HER MOTHER’S cinematographer, batunderstands and DISCOMFORT tling professional chalappreciates her own WITH ENGLISH lenges and ambition personality and works OR HER OWN amidst the usual perout her problems. THERAPY sonal conundrum of a Both films have two SESSIONS” interconnected young woman living themes. The first one alone in a big city, trying to have it all. Kiara’s character is is of a sense of abandonment of the caught on the cusp of being her own protagonists, their crisis of self-conwoman and being beholden to a con- fidence and their inability to deal ventional society and its traditional with their immediate surroundings

without external intervention. Eventually, they rise above their limitations and are ready to re-engage with the world around them. A second connected theme is the notion of love and duty. Both Shashi and Kiara have an intense chemistry with their interlocutors — the French chef Laurent in the case of Shashi and the therapist, Jehangir Khan in the case of Kiara. However, they are restrained and come back from the brink of being inappropriate by a sense of duty. The films raise important issues. English Vinglish asks us to relook at our families and Dear Zindagi highlights on the importance of mental well-being. This is the unique voice that Gauri Shinde brings to Hindi cinema — women protagonists at the centre of the narrative, holding a mirror to society without preaching. n

Now, viewers can choose ending to give a twist WE OBSERVE THE UNIQUE FUTURE OF DIGITAL CONTENT WITH FIRST ONLINE FILM OYE KUCH KAR GUZAR WITH THE advent of YouTube and many other digital platforms, people have now found multiple sources to showcase their audio-visual content. Gone are the days when the makers of a show had to run after satellite channels to put their show on air. Now, all you need is a kickass story, a good team and decent production. Of late, there have been an uncountable number of web series that are available for the audiences to watch in the comfort of their homes. A latest example of this is the Urdu-Pakistani film Oye Kuch Kar Guzar which is Pakistan’s first online film. Pakistan’s Telenor brand Djuice which is quite youth-centric in its

approach, partnered with YouTube to bring out this film that has been released online and will be treated as mini episodes. The unique part about this series is that each episode (total five) except the first one, has an alternate ending to it. This means that from episode two to five, the viewer has a choice to select the end of his or her preference and the story goes forward accordingly. This not only gives the narrative a twist, but also gives the viewer a major sense of involvement in it. The film has Ali Safina, Uzair Jasmal, Mahajabeen Habib, Nayyar Ezaz and Ushma Shah as the core characters. It begins with the film’s lead Sherry (played by Ali Safina), expressing his desire to become a singer rather than working as a

mechanic like his father. Hence, he decides to head to Karachi along with his friend Jango (played by Uzair Jasmal) to fulfil his lifelong dream of becoming a rockstar. But before that, he makes a deal with his father that he shall join his auto shop as a mechanic, if he returns unsuccessful. Thus begins their train journey from Lahore to Karachi which turns into an adventure as they meet some people along the way, a young and beautiful girl whom Sherry falls for and another young woman who’s a literary fanatic. Many unexpected things happen along the way, most of which they are not prepared for. Will they be able to reach Karachi in time? Most importantly, will Sherry be able to follow his passion? All this is for the viewers to decide. The plot

PHOTO: OYE KUCH KAR GUZAR

Vanshika Sethi

is simple and relatable. The extensive use of background narrative to a point where it becomes a character in itself provides the film with a burst of humour. ‘Awaaz’ as they call him, takes the cake in the entire film as he rolls out some hard-core Urdu along with his witty punches.

Overall, the film is a light watch if you’re looking for something to enjoy with your friends. With this, we’re hoping to see an influx of Pakistani digital content over the World Wide Web. The film is a promising beginning for Pakistani content creators. n


fashion patriot

14

COLOUR CO-ORDINATED

VICTORIA’S SECRET SHOW IN 2016 WITNESSED JASMINE TOOKES, THE FIRST WOMAN OF COLOUR TO SPORT THE BRIGHT NIGHT FANTASY BRA IN ALMOST A DECADE. THE BRA WAS ESTIMATED TO BE WORTH $3 MILLION

NEW DELHI | THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

Weaving a sublime reflection RUBBING SHOULDERS WITH MARC JACOBS, PRABAL GURUNG AND DKNY, VAISHALI S, WHO IS BACK AFTER SHOWING AT THE NEW YORK FASHION WEEK 2016, BELIEVES THE FUTURE LIES IN PRESERVING TRADITIONAL INDIAN TEXTILES Asmita Aggarwal

promoting Indian art, culture and tradition in the world will add YOU HAVE been a proponent of respect and glory to the mission. handlooms since you started, how Every designer plays a key role and did the West perceive this? adds certain value and dimension Handloom fabrics are naturally to the trend and market. Such conbeautiful to touch and feel. I have tributions indirectly decide the been working with them since I futuristic shape and growth of the started, so I have a personal con- industry. It is difficult to say how my nect with them. I wasn’t surprised, efforts will contribute in the Make but was in fact glad that the in India initiative, but it will cerresponse to my collection, to the tainly add value, if it becomes a part fabrics I used was exceptional and of collective and consistent effort encouraging. Indian hand-woven made by the fashion fraternity. textiles have adaptability and the How can designers like you take appeal to match the expectations India global? of the audience. The feel of the fabDesigners who are working with rics on the body and human traditional weaves are aware about involvement in making the fabric the limitations and advantages of brings a certain emotional value hand-woven textiles. So an opporand warmth, which makes the col- tunity like NYFW is the place where lection more appealing. the step towards building a global Tell us a bit about your NYFW line market for Indian weaves and and how is it Indian yet interna- strengthen the Indian handloom tional in its essence? industry can be taken. My collection ‘And The contribution ROOTED Quiet Flows the designers like me can DESIGN: thread…’ talks about make is to create a col“BEING the journey of a thread lection which portrays a AN INDIAN till it becomes a part of true and appealing picDESIGNER THE the fabric. It has an t u re o f t ra d i t i o n a l ESSENCE AND Indian soul with a weaves. Once the interELEMENTS modern sensibility. It is est and demand is genOF INDIAN Indian in terms of the erated, the developSENSIBILITY aesthetic, approach ment of supply mechaINHERENTLY and choice of weaves, nism will easily take BECOMES but international in the place which will ultiPART OF THE geometry of the garmately lead to restoraCOLLECTION” ments and silhouettes. tion and revival of the Being an Indian designhandloom weave. It will er, the essence and elements of surely not happen overnight, but Indian sensibility inherently such efforts will certainly help in becomes part of the collection building the bridge, which will crewithout making a conscious effort. ate an access for Indian art and Our weaves have a strong character, culture for the world. which I have used as an asset by What kind of fabrics have you used modernising it through interesting and how have you made your silconcepts, various designing ele- houettes contemporary? ments and unusual silhouettes. The I have used khadi, jamdani, colours have been carefully chosen chanderi and silk. My brand resoaccording to international sensi- nates with the concept of handbilities. The textures and overall looms fused with contemporary appeal of the collection is con- silhouettes. The colours and texceived to suit Western perception. tures have been carefully chosen to I have kept the approach intuitive suit Western perception. and spontaneous. How do you think the West looks How can we Make in India respect- at us, when we showcase on an able? international platform? I feel any honest effort towards I feel anything which is innovative, creative, mature and global in its appeal is well-received. A platform like the NYFW is meant for bringing good work from various countries under one roof. Despite being my first show it received a lot of appreciation and encouragement. What is your biggest strength as a designer and also your weakness? Definitely my understanding of hand woven textiles and ability to contemporise them as per the modern sensibility and requirement is my strength. What made you decide to show at NYFW and how did the opportunity come about? I feel proud to be a part of the Fashion Design Council of India MY BRAND (FDCI), which is the biggest platRESONATES WITH form for any Indian fashion designTHE CONCEPT OF er. In fact, my grooming as a designINDIAN HANDLOOM er happened during the collections FABRICS I showcased at fashion weeks in FUSED WITH India. Everyone liked my work and CONTEMPORARY since I had expressed interest in SILHOUETTES taking my collection to an internaVaishali tional platform, probably the word Shadangule, reached the right place and the FTL Designer MODA NYFW team contacted me.

STAR-STRUCK: Vaishali S is reviving khadi through her designs

They gave me a direct entry to the fashion week. I think, I was very fortunate to receive this opportunity at the right time. What are the innovative fabric manipulations you used? I have tried to bring about different thread innovations in embroidery, weave and texturing of the garments. To suit the Western market, I have adapted their colours and the geometry and silhouettes in my garments. What are your thoughts about the

latest textile craze in the country with khadi becoming the fabric of the future? I feel the timing and intentions are good and we just need to increase the momentum and include constructive ideas in our efforts. Our Prime Minister joining the initiative as brand ambassador has added national and international pride and seriousness to the move. Since khadi holds a strong historic significance, I feel, it is the best fabric to become the face of the

PHOTOS: VAISHALI S.

rich handloom tradition we have. What are your plans for the future? Will your brand ever venture into home, interiors, and accessories? Before preparing for the NYFW collection, I was working on two more collections. Once I am through with my current engagements, I will resume working on the same collections. Right now, I am only concentrating on my clothing line, but starting a separate line for handloom upholstery in the future tempts me. n


luxury patriot

THE EXIT STRATEGY CHIEF EXECUTIVE CAROLINE BROWN AND CREATIVE DIRECTORS MAXWELL OSBORNE AND DAO-YI CHOW WILL EXIT DKNY BEFORE THE END OF YEAR

NEW DELHI | THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

15

Rebel with a cause

FROM ITS FRAGRANCE THAT EPITOMISED THE SPIRIT OF THE MYSTICS SURROUNDING CATHEDRALS TO ITS TRANSPARENT CUBE-SHAPED BOTTLE THAT BECAME THE SYMBOL OF MINIMALISM, CHANEL NO. 5 IS ICONIC. BUT, A NEW RAIL-PLAN BY SNCF MIGHT UPROOT ITS TRADITIONAL HOME IN GRASSE, SOUTH OF FRANCE Drishti Vij

ONCE A peasant, a flapper and a chanteuse, there are several reasons why Coco was able to revolutionise not just her life, but the way we look at fashion. She had a gift for both — the gab and the garb. And, her rebellion against confining corsets, ironically, became an institution for unostentatious and liberating luxury; one that we know even today as — The House of Chanel. In 1921, Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel’s unorthodox sense of style presented Chanel No. 5 to the world. This mosaic of scent became one of the best-selling perfumes of the world. It carved out several stories for itself, just like its maker, one of them emanating from its famous nightcaps with the timeless seductress and actress, Marilyn Monroe, as she said, “What do I wear in bed? Why, Chanel No. 5, of course.” Recently, The Telegraph reported the brand stating in an open letter, “The construction of a viaduct and the regular passage of high-speed trains over these fields of flowers would force Chanel to cease supporting its artisanal activities in the region.” Thus, the plans for a highspeed train in Grasse might force No. 5 out of its traditional home. The French perfume maker grows as many as 12 hectares (30 acres) of flowers at the historic Provence site. SNCF (Société nationale des chemins de fer français or French National Railway Company), which manages the rail traffic in France and the Principality of Monaco, maintains that the new 6.7-billionEuro rail line would reduce travel times from Marseille to Nice along

FLOWER POWER: Chanel may close its perfumery in Grasse over plans for a high-speed rail line which threatens the flowers used to make Chanel No 5.

the Riviera by an hour. The Rail Company also claims that Cote d’Azur (known as the French Riviera), is one of the most congested rail networks in France, and has not been well-assisted by France’s famed high-speed rail network due to which the journey time from Paris to Nice is around six hours.

GARDEN OF EDEN: The historic Chanel No. 5

PHOTOS: CHANEL

The French luxury label, with the help of the Mayor of Cannes, are now lobbying for the line to take an alternative route near his town. The judgement on the final route is due at the end of this month, after which the final decision will be taken by the transport ministry. If the judgement is passed against Chanel, its efforts to re-introduce flowers, that had almost disappeared from the region, furthering Grasse’s prospect to be recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage treasure, will prove to be futile. Nachiket Barve, previously nominated for the Woolmark Prize, has admired Chanel as an icon, like many of his contemporaries. He believes that No. 5 has reached its iconic status not just because of its notorious attachment with Monroe, but also because of Chanel’s inspiring story. He says, “With rapid modernisation, we need to think of ourselves as a part of the ecological system. We must think about the larger picture, when talking about progress and development. And, if there’s an alternative route that can be taken, then the judgement should be made in favour of the luxury house.” Rina Singh of Eka says, “Chanel was able to come up with the luxury product at a time when the world had just come out of the Great Depression. And, the feelgood factor of the perfume and its unique scent made it very iconic.” She adds, “No. 5 is a classic perfume. Something I would remember my grandmother wearing. And, if the brand is lobbying for its place of origin then it’s right. If I had to relocate my production, I would question the authorities as well. Why would I go and make something in China, if my origin is here

Brief History of Chanel No. 5 The classic perfume was born due to the death of Coco’s mother, following which, she was sent to the Cistern convent at Aubazine. Her teenage years were spent at the convent, and the smell of soap and freshly scrubbed skin remained fresh in her memory. As she started working among the mistresses of the rich, their stink of musk and body odour displeased her. And, when the time had come for her to commission a perfume, she wanted to invoke the same kind of freshness she remembered from days spent at the convent. During the late summer of 1920, Chanel went on holiday to Cote d’Azur with her lover, the Grand Duke Dimtri Pavlovich. She learned of a perfumer, who had worked for the Russian royal family and lived close by in Grasse, Ernest Beaux. Curious to take up her challenge, it took him several months to perfect a new fragrance. Eventually, he came up with 10

in Delhi?” Aniket Satam, who recently made his debut at India Fashion Week, also believes that No. 5 transcended time, making it globally recognised. He further says, “As a creative person, you have a certain vision for the brand, which might not merge with the larger picture of the state. Luxury brands, just like Chanel, are often rooted in a culture or place so much so that it might become the identity of the brand itself. And, hampering with that can hinder the exclusivity of the product.” Grasse, known as the perfume capital of the world, is now also being viewed as a lucrative site by the LVMH-owned brand, Louis Vuitton. Venturing into scents for

samples and presented them to Chanel. They were numbered 1 to 5 and 20 to 24. She picked number 5. It is rumoured that the concoction was actually the result of a laboratory mistake, which led to the addition of aldehyde (which can smell like soap) in a quantity never used before.

the first time, the luxury label will be setting up its perfume-making centre, in a 17th century bastide. Looking back, the heartening story of Chanel No.5, that came to life in the fields of Jasmine and May roses in Grasse, is unforgettable. The woman behind No. 5 was loved — as she was hated. Her ways could’ve been questionable, but her ambition was sovereign. Part of her spirit, which is similar to the emotion invoked by Billie Holiday’s “I’m a fool to want you”, resides in each one of us. And, as Holiday’s impassioned voice serenades the Audrey Tautou-starring campaign for Chanel No. 5, one cannot help but remember Coco — the dreamer, the rebel, the legend. n


beauty patriot

16

THE SKIN WE LIVE IN THERE ARE APPROXIMATELY FIVE MILLION TOUCH RECEPTORS IN OUR SKIN WITH 3,000 ON A FINGER TIP, AND A MASSAGE CAN REDUCE THE HEART RATE AND LOWER BLOOD PRESSURE

NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

REJUVENATING RETREAT

THE FOUNDATION OF A GOOD MASSAGE, AROMATHERAPY OR SWEDISH, LIES IN ENERGISING YOUR BLOOD CIRCULATION Simal Soin

DEEP TISSUE IT IS a type of therapy that focuses on deeper layers of muscles. It is used for chronic pain and aches in areas such as upper back, low back pain, sore shoulders and leg muscle tightness. It is a deep pressure massage and concentrated on area of tension, in order to reach the sublayer of muscles. Bands of rigid, painful tissue in muscles and tendons, also called adhesions, can disrupt circulation and cause inflammation. Deep tissue massage is especially beneficial in breaking down these adhesions. There is usually some stiffness or pain after a deep tissue massage, but it subsides within a day or so. Price -`3,600 Duration of massage is 60 minutes.

AROMATHERAPY

SERENITY: An aromatherapy massage PHOTOS: AAYNA

FRAGRANT OILS extracted from herbs, flowers and fruits are used in Aromatherapy to naturally enhance the benefits of massage. There are about 400 essential oils, but only about 40 are commonly used in aromatherapy. This massage is known to have many advantages. It can be used beneficially in two main ways — inhalation and massage. The inhalation of aromatherapy oils affects the nervous system, changes heart rate, breathing, reduces stress levels, improves sleep and aids in digestion.

Aromatherapy essential oils, when applied to the skin in a massage, travel through the skin into the blood vessels and directly into the blood stream. They can purify the blood, increase digestion and induce a state of well-being while having an energising or a relaxing effect. An aromatherapy massage uses gentle, but firm strokes and is recommended for people, who are having body massage experience for the first time. The effects of having a treatment can last up to 48 hours, depending on the oils used. The skin may feel slightly oily, but the overall effect is one of deep calm and relaxation. Price- `3,600 Duration of massage is 60 minutes.

SWEDISH MASSAGE SWEDISH MASSAGE is the most popular kind of massage worldwide. It was created back in 1812 at the University of Stockholm by a physiologist named Henri Peter Ling. One of the prime goals of the Swedish massage technique is to relax the entire body. Swedish massage uses long gliding strokes in the direction of blood returning to the heart. It is exceptionally beneficial for increasing the level of oxygen in the blood, improving circulation and flexibility while decreasing muscle toxins. A variety of studies have linked Swedish massage to a number of benefits, such as

reduction in knee arthritis, lowering blood pressure, improving immune system, reducing headaches and helping to elevate the symptoms of fibromyalgia.

Price: `3,600 Duration of massage is 60 minutes. The writer is a Delhi-based dermatologist and owner of the clinic Aayna.

WHITE IS THE NEW BLACK

JOHN GALLIANO REPLACED THE QUINTESSENTIAL BLACK LINER OVER THE EYELID AND MOSCHINO CREATED DRAMA BY APPLYING IT AROUND THE EYE. MAKEUP ARTIST SHAAN MUTTATHIL TEACHES US TO ROCK IT!

PEEP-ER TALK / Trishla Chadha

WHITE IS RIGHT: Cara Delevingne sporting the white liner at the Moschino show

A P P LY I N G I T O N Y O U R WATERLINE What’s great about this milkywhite pigment is that applying it on your waterline can brighten your eyes, while making them look bigger. In India, actress Sonakshi Sinha is also seen flaunting the whiteeyed look for several magazine covers and red carpet appearances. GIVE AN ARTY TWIST TO IT Go unruly with this colour and paint your eyelids like a painter would on the canvas. Lady Gaga, who is known for her dauntless fashion choices, is one of the many celebrities, who swears by the white liner trend. GO GRAPHIC Layer your white-liner over a black cat-eye and layer it further with a thin black line. Shaan says, “The new generation can start viral

trends. Loud pink lips with white kohl is inspired by the 1990s.” PRIME YOUR EYES White liners can change colour during the day. Avoid that by using a primer before applying this colour on your eyelids. T RY A M AT T E LINER Shaan recommends the matte kajal white eyeliner ‘Fascinating’ eye kohl from M.A.C. Cosmetics. If you a re o n e o f t h e adventurous few add white liner on top eylid and use kajal on the bottom giving it a monochromatic look!


patriot

food&travel DEMYSTIFYING MISO-LAND NEW DELHI | THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

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JAPAN FLAUNTS INNUMERABLE ATTRACTIONS AND ACTIVITIES THAT INCLUDE NATURAL SCENIC SPOTS, HOT SPRINGS, MT. FUJI, FLORA AND FAUNA AND MUCH MORE. BUT, AMIDST ALL THESE ALREADY FAMOUS WHEREABOUTS, JAPAN ALSO HAS SOME LOW-PROFILE MUST-EXPERIENCE SPOTS. PLAN A TRIP!

Team Patriot

RAINBOW BRIDGE LOST BEHIND the world-known attractions of Tokyo, the Rainbow Bridge features a stretched and beautiful shape like a rainbow over Tokyo Bay, as its name suggests. It is a 798-meter suspension bridge spanning from Shibaura Pier and the Odaiba waterfront development in Minato Ward. While drivers can enjoy the beautiful scenery of Tokyo’s waterfront area and the night scene, people can cross the bridge on the walkways open to the public for free. The distance between the Shibaura and Odaiba gates is 1.7 km and can be covered on foot in 20 to 30 minutes. As benches are placed near the towers supporting the bridge, walkers sit on them to watch ships sailing in Tokyo Bay or Mt. Fuji making for that perfect romantic getaway.

ISLAND OF SHIKOKU Shikoku, one of Japan’s four main island, is enriched with nature, history, indigenous culture and cuisine. The area consists of Matsuyama City and a castle town of Ehime Prefecture, Miyaura Harbour, and many beautiful attractions. The area features Dogo Hot-spring, Japan’s oldest spa dating back 3,000 years, the unusual Nakashima Shrine, which is home to the god of confectionery, Matsuyama h i k i n g , c y c l i n g , t ra m r i d e s, Oyamazumi Shrine, famous for its mystical energy and powers, and much more. A stay at YamatoyaHonten, a long standing Japanese architectural-style spa-cum-hotel is also recommended. The hotel’s fullscale stage is used for performances of Noh, which is one of the oldest Japanese performing arts.

A TOKYO STORY: Rainbow Bridge is shaped like a rainbow over the Tokyo Bay

PHOTOS: JAPAN TOURISM

WASHOKU Overshadowed by Sushi and Ramen, Washoku from Japan is categorised under World Heritage for its exquisite taste and health benefits. It is a form of Kaiseki cuisine with almost 400-year-old rich history, wherein its roots are in the food offered to guests at a formally conducted tea ceremony. The basic structure is “One Soup and Three Dishes” (one soup dish, one main dish, two side dishes), however, in the modern day, restaurants that specialise in Kaiseki cuisine, offer much richer and many more dishes. For example, an appetizer of salted salmon roe, and shellfish, all with individual dressings, thin slices of sea bream sashimi, and deep-fried monkfish nuggets. The dishes come to the table one after the other, gracing it with their brilliance, and testifying to the diversity of this cuisine, and the extensive skill and effort that goes into its preparation. Washuko is salty, sweet, sour, slightly bitter and full of umami flavours.

SASEBO AREA Sasebo is the second largest city next to Nagasaki in the prefecture, and located less than two hours from both JR Nagasaki and Hakata (Fukuoka Prefecture) stations.

The second largest city in Japan, Sasebo area has beautiful seashores

A World Heritage cuisine, Washuko has a 400-year-old history behind it

With beautiful ocean scenery, the port town has a bright and hospitable atmosphere. Since a US military base is located in Sasebo, there are a lot of Americanised shops found there. Sasebo Seaside Park, located at the Kujirase-futo Pier behind JR Sasebo Station, is a place where tourists can take a closer look at the beautiful harbour. You can sit on a bench in the promenade along the seashore or simply take a walk while enjoying the fresh sea breeze. From the

for the Sanno-machi historic district and the bi-annual Takayama Festival, which has been designated as one of Japan’s most beautiful festivals. During the festival, intricately crafted festival floats are displayed in the city. The floats are testament to the region’s history and are a chance to see the culmination of hundreds of years worth of artistry and craftsmanship. The Takayama Festival is held in the spring and fall every year and is

Yumiharidake Observatory in the north-western part of the city, visitors can savour a panoramic view of the nearby scenic Kujukushima Islands, and also the Gotoretto Islands in the distance. Huis Ten Bosch, a major theme park, is located about 30 minutes by bus or train from downtown Sasebo.

TAKAYAMA AREA Takayama is located in northern Gifu Prefecture. It is most famous

attended by thousands of visitors from all over Japan and the world. Takayama Jinya is a historic government house that was built by the central government in the 17th century. It is the only remaining office of its kind in Japan which is open for tourists Hida Takayama Matsuri noMori and the Yatai Kaikan are two recommended museums that visitors interested in the Takayama Festival and local artistry will surely enjoy. n


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leisure

PATRIOT | NEW DELHI | THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

EVERYMAN CROSSWORD NO. 3489

Sudoku ACROSS

DOWN

1 Ring about the lot (4) 3 Arrived, carrying Oxford University banner, in disguise (10) 9 Role revers al in carriage (4) 10 Director with firm, obstinately selfwilled (10) 11 One employed at a cemetery, perhapsenormous chap, so restrained (10,5) 13 Unnecessary to sound off about daughter with nothing on, on reflection (9) 15 Clear, the Queen’s jockey (5) 17 Bly ton creation having crackers in New York (5) 19 Plant in European river duck ignored (9) 21 Soporific drug helps eating disorder (8,7) 23 See butterfly in Real Madrid ground? (3,7) 24 Heads turned in shock (4) 25 Great fear harboured by collier? I know what you’re thinking (4-6) 26 Girl rejecting male in song (4)

1 Vessel can crossing a Plymouth river (9) 2 Erudite king, Edward (7) 4 Had something at home from a can full of energy (3,2) 5 Early teacher, great artist (3,6) 6 A frogman at a resort pointing to a mirage (4,7) 7 Inspired employment in a bar (7) 8 Some tunnel GI negotiated leading to a Scottish town (5) 12 I may bring one luck, having one in my carriage (5.6) 14 Conductor blowing top in a South American country (9) 16 Girl receiving education in race, one over a fictional kingdom (9) 18 German city doctor needs to relax (7) 20 Night light southern sailor has to follow at first (3,4) 21 Go away spades and stuff (5) 22 Bird close to red gardening implement (5)

DIFFICULTY LEVEL

Fill in all the squares in the grid so that each row, column and each of the 9X9 squares contains all the digits from 1 to 9.

EVERYMAN SOLUTION NO. 3488

SOLUTIONS SUDOKU FROM LAST WEEK

Solutions for Sudoku and Everyman crossword will be printed in next week’s issue.

EVENTS n

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SKYLIGHT AT ODDBIRD THEATRE, NEW DELHI: December 7-9; 7 pm to 10 pm; An Indian revival of Sir David Hare’s blockbuster play, Skylight. FROZEN WORLD OF THE FAMILIAR STRANGER AT KHOJ INTERNATIONAL ARTISTS ASSOCIATION, NEW DELHI: December 8; 6 pm to 9 pm; Opening performance by Himali Singh Soin with Niranjani Iyer at 8 pm. The performance continues on December 10,

n

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17 and January 11 at 5 pm. THE BEAUTIFUL INDIAN HOLIDAY SHOW AT THE LODHI, NEW DELHI. December 9; 2 pm to 8 pm; Shop saris by Smriti Morarka, gotta by Nidhi Tholia, chikankari by Anju and Narain and Ambreen Khan, Soham Dave, Sartorial and more. ANOUSHKA SHANKAR LIVE IN DELHI: December 9; 7pm to 10 pm.

HOROSCOPE Astro advice ARIES (March 21-April 19): Self-improvement projects launched on the 11th and 12th will turn out well. Physical changes or attending a seminar geared towards self-help will be pleasing. Keep your emotions under control on the 13th and 14th when dealing with matters that can cause problems at home or at work.

LEO (July 23-Aug. 22): Participate in community events on the 11th and 12th. Join in the fun and socialise with people who tend to be game-changers. Romance is highlighted and will stabilise your personal life. Someone you know through work or through dealings with institutional environments will leave you feeling uncertain on the 13th and 14th regarding your position or your personal security. Don’t allow anyone but you to take care of your affairs.

SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): Be point-blank when discussing personal matters on the 11th and 12th. Having ulterior motives will end up working against you. Be willing to compromise. Get to the bottom of any issue that may cause a problem with someone you are in a personal or professional partnership with on the 13th and 14th. A change in the dynamics will alter the way you move forward with future projects, contracts or joint ventures. Don’t feel you have to make a snap decision on the 15th and 16th.

TAURUS (April 20-May 20): Think outside the box on the 11th and 12th, and you will bring clarity to situations that have been convoluted in the past. Draw on experience and information contributed by knowledgeable people. Reconnect with people you have worked with in the past on the 13th and 14th, and you will be made aware of some changes and opportunities that interest you. Share an innovative idea with someone creative.

VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): Take one step at a time on the 11th and 12th when dealing with situations that have the potential to spin out of control. Emotional manipulation is apparent and is best put to rest before it takes hold. Discuss your concerns with someone you feel you can trust on the 13th and 14th. A partnership will improve if you can iron out any differences you face. Work-related events should be handled with care on the 15th.

CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): Someone will withhold feelings and motives on the 11th and 12th. Do your best to be open without divulging information that someone can use against you or to manipulate a situation. You’ll receive pertinent information regarding an emotional situation on the 13th and 14th that will set a standard for the way you deal with future partnerships. Don’t jump into a situation on the 15th and 16th without looking at all the facts first.

GEMINI (May 21-June 20): Let your emotions lead the way on the 11th and 12th when dealing with affairs of the heart and making personal changes to your looks, profession or important relationships. Keeping an eye on money matters will be essential on the 13th and 14th. It’s good to help others, but don’t go overboard. Put a limit on how much you spend, donate or lend. Make special plans on the 15th and 16th.

LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): Take care of matters pertaining to your home and personal finances on the 11th and 12th to ensure that you aren’t left with an unnecessary expense. Get approval before moving forward. Taking action and following through is key on the 13th and 14th. You’ll be looked up to for your ability to be diverse. Romance is highlighted. You’ll face emotional turmoil on the 15th and 16th, if you cannot handle money matters.

AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): Share your feelings on the 11th and 12th, and express the changes you want to see happen in your personal life and within your relationships. Physical improvements will exceed your expectations. On the 13th and 14th, choose to work on a creative endeavour or to sign up for something you can do with children, and you’ll have a great experience. Your instincts will be bang-on. The excitement is building on the 15th and 16th.

CANCER (June 21-July 22): Don’t share your secrets on the 11th and 12th — even if you feel a special attachment to someone. A surprise will be ruined if you are too vocal. Emotional situations will surface on the 13th and 14th. Do your best to spin situations to suit everyone, not just you, and you will avoid backlash that could end up being costly. On the 15th and 16th, don’t feel you have to follow someone who is taking a risk or making snap decisions that can have lasting effect.

SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): Listen to what others have to contribute on the 11th and 12th, and make adjustments to your living space that will please the people you care about most. Compromise now will be rewarded later. A financial investment will have a sensitive time limit on the 13th and 14th. Don’t lose because you didn’t act quickly. Take care of year-end deadlines, and you’ll ease your stress. Travel plans made on the 15th and 16th will brighten up your day.

PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): Don’t venture too far from the truth on the 11th and 12th, or someone will question you. It’s good to add flair to your story as long as no one gets hurt or misled. Open your doors to friends and relatives on the 13th and 14th, or offer assistance to an organisation that helps those less fortunate during the festive season. A change of scenery will do you good on the 15th and 16th. Sign up for a seminar or a shopping spree with someone, who enjoys the same things you do.

EUGENIA LAST


wellness patriot

TOAST OF THE TOWN

MULTIGRAIN BREAD CONTAINS HEALTHY FIBER, VITAMINS AND MINERALS, PARTICULARLY MANGANESE AND SELENIUM

Finding fit from fad REMEMBER WHEN RACHEL’S SISTER, AMY, TELLS JOEY IN FRIENDS – “A MOMENT ON THE LIPS, FOREVER ON THE HIPS”? WE GIVE YOU A GUIDE TO AVOID BLIND-EATING BY NOT INDULGING IN NIBBLES IN THE GUISE OF DIET FOOD HIPS DON’T LIE / Tyesha Kohli FRUIT JUICES OR JUST LIQUID SUGAR

HAVE YOU ever wondered why storebought fruit juices taste so good? That’s because, mostly, there isn’t any real fruits in them at all. It’s often just a mix of chemicals that taste like the fruit, but only bet-

ter. That being said, even if you do get 100% quality fruit juice, it’s still just fruit juice without the fibre. FIX: Munch on 2-3 servings of wholefruit a day.

SALAD DRESSINGS

NO ONE likes to eat raw vegetables without any flavour on top. Which is why we prefer common salad dressings, right? But to our surprise, we realised that most salad dressings are actually loaded with unhealthy ingredients like artificial chemicals, sugar

and trans-fat. The unhealthy salad dressing totally negates any health benefits that are supposed to come your way. FIX: Sprinkle some extra virgin oil and balsamic vinegar, and avoid the preservatives and sodium-filled dressings.

OFTEN CONSIDERED the very image of a healthy breakfast, most cereals and granola bars are full of sugar (in sneaky forms that you’d never suspect). In fact, we tend to skip a meal and have a Granola bar

instead. This is not a smart move as these bars are packed with sugar, sodium and saturated fat. FIX: Add fresh fruits and berries to regular old oats or make your own granola bar.

SMOOTHIES

so. They’re definitely not suitable for short indoor workouts. FIX: It is extremely important to stay hydrated during workouts, but you will be much better off sticking to plain water.

FROZEN YOGHURT

NO MATTER what flavour you choose, there is often more sugar in frozen yoghurt than in real ice-cream. The freezing process used to make your dessert may kill some of the healthy gut bacteria found in

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CEREALS & GRANOLA

COMMERCIAL SPORTS DRINKS

LET THE labels not fool you! Sports drinks were put together, keeping athletes in mind. The electrolytes, sugar and flavoured water only helps during workouts that usually last longer than an hour or

NEW DELHI | THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

WHO DOESN’T love a cold, delicious smoothie on a sunny day? But sadly, when you’re on the road to becoming healthy, it’s not such a good idea. Yes, they seem like they’re packed with whole fruits, but

they’re not good for our blood sugar levels or our belt sizes. FIX: Make one at home so that you know exactly what’s in it! Use only whole fruits, Greek yoghurt, and water to make it.

“DIET” SODA

regular yoghurt. To compensate, some manufacturers add extra probiotics (that contain sugar) after production, that alters its taste. FIX: Use ice-cream — half a cup.

AS MUCH as we wish, the word “diet” doesn’t always mean healthy, and it’s the absolute truth in the case of diet soda. It’s not only made with artificial ingredients and flavourings, it also has a very high

sodium content. People who opt for diet soda regularly tend to consume more calories after drinking it. FIX: There isn’t a healthy alternative to n soda, your best bet is to avoid them.

PHOTOS: URBAN CLAP

THE WRITER WORKS WITH URBAN CLAP


interiors patriot

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DOWN MEMORY LANE SHABNAM GUPTA, THE FORCE BEHIND PARINEETI CHOPRA AND IRRFAN KHAN’S STYLISH HOMES, HAS OPENED A NEW STORE IN MUMBAI, THE PEACOCK LIFE

NEW DELHI | THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

TACTILE TRANQUILITY

CHINAR FAROOQUI’S UNDYING LOVE FOR TEXTILES STEMS FROM HER ENVIRONMENTALLY CONSCIOUS DESIGN AESTHETICS, GERMINATED DURING HER TRAVELS TO VARIOUS CRAFT VILLAGES IN HER CHILDHOOD

TOUCH AND GO: Chinar’s home line is made of organic fabrics letting regional Indian crafts stand out

Drishti Vij THE STORY of Indian textiles in the

realm of our fashion and design industry is like that of an overseas child, engulfed in the mysteries of a foreign land, yet missing the love of a simple, home-cooked meal. The diversity of our textiles, however, has not been swallowed by history, and a heartening testament

AT INJIRI, WE ARE DEDICATED TO USING LOCAL ARTISAN TECHNIQUES AND WISDOM TO CREATE CLASSIC AND TIMELESS PRODUCTS Chinar Farooqui, Designer

to that is Chinar Farooqui’s Jaipurbased brand, Injiri. A colloquial pronunciation of the word, ‘India’, the name of the brand was historically used to describe real Madras checkered textiles, that were exported from South India to West Africa in the 18th century, and were treated as prized family heirlooms until the mid 20th century. Looking back, times have changed tremendously; but Farooqui’s love for design only knows hand-spun textiles or does not know at all. A graduate from NID Ahmedabad, Farooqui’s work is influenced by folk sensibilities in Indian textiles and techniques. She says, “At Injiri, we are dedicated to using local artisan techniques and wisdom to create classic and timeless products. We believe in the faculty of textiles that do not follow seasonal fashion, but are always loved for their inherent beauty, which mainly lies in traditional techniques.” Inspired by the textiles of Rabari and Ahir communites in Gujarat (likely to be seen in a Steve McCurry photo), her home collection is an ode to the elegance of Indian textiles. An eclectic mix of cushions, rugs, floor-runners, quilts, table linens and bags, Injiri’s home line came to life after Farooqui collaborated with weavers from Kuchch, who are producing organic cotton or locally called ‘kala cotton’, that is grown and hand-spun in Gujarat. While the ‘handspun versus machine-made’ is a conversation we’ve been trying to have for some

time now, Injiri’s classic yet urbane collection will remind you why we shouldn’t stop. “Kala cotton is a short staple cotton species indigenous to Kuchch. The crop is grown in Rapar and Bhachau areas of eastern Kuchch. This variety of cotton is pest and disease proof, and it does not require much water. Thus, it is organic by default, as it’s a rain-fed crop. Farmers have never used pesticides or fertilizers on it. It is one of the original species grown in India before hybridisation became common,” adds Farooqui. Her masters in Textile Design ensures that all her products explore elements such as kor (borders) and kanni (selvedge), that are used as important details to celebrate the entire process of handweaving. Each Injiri product passes through the hands of several karigars (crafts people) from different parts of India before reaching the market, including spinners, rangrez (dyers), bunkars (weavers), darzis (tailors) and dastakars (finishing crafts people). Retailing from over 200 outlets all over the world, Injiri’s dedication to textiles goes back to Farooqui’s childhood. Growing up in Rajasthan, she would visit various craft villages along with her mother, who deeply influenced her interest in traditional textiles. The story of the loom is as much hers as it is of the weavers. Farooqui describes her own home as “simple and sparse”, an extension of her brand sensibili-

PHOTOS: INJIRI

ties. She says, “I like empty spaces, along with the use of special pieces of furniture. My own home is not as beautiful as I would like, because I am always travelling and yet to make my own house.” Her advice is to use natural materials, local textiles, interesting mats and floor runners for harmonious home interiors, and emphasises on using green plants to make it more lively. She further talks about the importance of fabrics. “The fabrics reflect the aesthetic of materials and speak about a person’s love for colour, pattern, textures, their appreciation for nature and good design. Fabrics add a lot

of soul to the interiors.” She suggests to not clutter walls and use space carefully. Adding to this, she believes that lighting design can really make a big difference in spatial aesthetics, making it interesting yet subtle. n

Restructuring Novelty LOUIS VUITTON enriches its Objets Nomades, a collection of furniture that reinvents the art of travelling, with two new items presented as a preview during the Design Miami 2016 (taking place from November 30 to December 4): the Blossom Stool by Tokujin Yoshioka and the Fur Cocoon by the Campana Brothers. The Objets Nomades range now includes 18 items — from a hammock to a foldable stool, all in noble materials and sold in limited

editions. Conceived in collaboration with some of the most creative contemporary designers: Atelier Oï, Maarten Baas, Barber and Osgerby, the Campana Brothers, Damien LangloisMeurinne, Nendo, Gwenaël Nicolas, Raw Edges, Patricia Urquiola, Marcel Wanders and Tokujin Yoshioka, the collection pays homage to the label’s special orders of the past. These include the iconic Bed Trunk or Wardrobe Trunk and adds a modern twist to the long-held heritage of n the brand.


sport patriot

TESTING TEST MATCHES >> pg 22

NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

INDIA IS THE TEAM TO BEAT

21

ALMOST EVERY INDIAN PLAYER HAS PLAYED THE HIL WHICH HELPS HIM A LOT TO UNDERSTAND THE HIGHEST LEVEL OF HOCKEY, SAYS ALTENBURG Press Trust of India

GERMANY’S JUNIOR hockey team coach Valentin Altenburg said that hosts India will be one of the contenders to win the FIH Junior World Cup set to begin in Luck on December 8. “India is going to be a big favourite this World Cup and I know they have been working hard for more than two years. Harendra is doing a great job with the team spirit they have,” Altenburg said here on arrival. The coach believes that most of them having played HIL has given them exposure for big ticket events. “And all the players are individually strong and almost everyone has played the HIL which helps them a lot to understand the highest level of hockey as they have played with or against some of the finest players in the world. I think if any team wants to be World Champions then

A NEW BELIEF: DEFENDING CHAMPIONS GERMANY HAD LOST TO INDIA IN THE FINAL OF THE FOUR NATIONS HOCKEY TOURNAMENT HELD IN VALENCIA (SPAIN) IN OCTOBER THIS YEAR

WINNING MOMENT: India’s junior men’s hockey team in the 8th Junior Men’s Asia Cup in 2015

they have to beat India,” Altenburg said. Two-time consecutive winners of the Junior World Cup (2009 and 2013), the German national squad descended on Lucknow city hoping to bag a hat-trick of titles. For the record, Germany has won the Junior World Cup six times in the past making them the most decorated team participating in the marquee event for the youth teams across the globe. “Yes, we have won the World Cup six times and we are here for a hattrick. The World Cup happens once in four years and for many players it’s a one-time opportunity to play

and win the World Cup. So it’s not too difficult to motivate the team to do it again and this time they are chasing the goal of a hat-trick,” stated the team’s Head coach Altenburg, who was also the Head coach for the senior men’s squad that won the Bronze at Rio Olympics. Altenburg has been closely working with this junior team for three-and-a-half years and he believes this World Cup will be a stepping stone towards spotting players who will go on to play for the senior squad. “We already have a couple of Under-21 players who have played

for the senior team and Timm Herzbruch played at the Olympics too. We see this as the stepping stone towards being on top of the world in hockey and Junior World Cup is the stage where you can see who can be your future,” he added. The 34-year-old German coach also pointed out that India will be a team to beat at this World Cup. Germany had lost to India in the final of the Four Nations Hockey Tournament held in Valencia (Spain) in October this year. Germany are grouped in Pool C with Japan, New Zealand and Spain.

PHOTO: HOCKEY INDIA

Pakistan omitted A week after the newlyappointed International Hockey Federation (FIH) president Narinder Batra confirmed their participation, the world body said they had ‘withdrawn Pakistan’s invitation’ to the junior World Cup, which begins in Lucknow this week. Malaysia have been named as the replacement side for the 16-team event that will be held from December 8 to 18. Germany are the defending champions

Tiger out of the woods again Press Trust of India

THE WEEKEND was all about Tiger Woods’ much-anticipated return to a course but it was Japanese Hideki Matsuyuma who clinched the 2016 Hero World Challenge Golf title in Nassau and immediately conceded that he was honoured to win a t o u r n a m e n t h o s t e d by t h e legendary golfer. Returning from a 15-month layoff, the longest of his illustrious career, Woods wrapped up his campaign with a four over 76 at the Albany Golf Club and finished 15th in a 17-man field. Woods was four-under for the tournament with rounds of 73, a stunning 65 on the second day, 70 and 76. The American had quite a few positives from the tournament and his back seemed to have held up well after undergoing two surgeries. “As I said, I made some birdies this week, which is nice. I was playing aggressive. This golf course allows one to be aggressive, but I also made some bad mistakes. For instance, today I had two 7s. You can’t make two 7s. And 18, another double there. Three doubles today

just adds up to a pretty high number,” Woods said after the event. “The flip side is that I was able to be aggressive and made some birdies, made some putts and just need to balance it out,” he added. Woods hit three consecutive birdies starting on the seventh hole in the final round, but followed up with two bogeys and a double bogey. The 24-year-old Matsuyuma finished at 18 under after a 73 on the final day of this unofficial PGA Tour event. For Matsuyuma, it was his fourth win in his last five outings, including the WGC-HSBC Champions in China. He saw off the challenge of Sweden’s Rio Olympics silver medallist, Henrik Stenson by two

COMEBACK TRAIL: WOODS WAS FOUR-UNDER FOR THE TOURNAMENT WITH ROUNDS OF 73, A STUNNING 65 ON THE SECOND DAY. HE HAD QUITE A FEW POSITIVES AND HIS BACK SEEMED TO HAVE HELD UP WELL

strokes despite shooting a poor 39 on the back nine, on the final day. Matsuyama dominated the event throughout with rounds of 65, 67, 65 and 73, his worst of the tournament. He led both Dustin Johnson and Henrik Stenson by seven strokes going into the final day’s play. “I can’t say that I played well today, but I did win Tiger’s tournament and what a great honour that is,” Matsuyuma told reporters after his triumph. He added, “At the turn I was hoping to make some more birdies, and then I doubled 10 and then it got difficult, especially when I bogeyed 14. After that it was a real struggle.” On Woods, Matsuyuma said, “I first heard the name of Tiger Woods at the ‘97 Masters. I videotaped it and I watched that video over and over and over again. “Unfortunately, I was not able to see all those wins (by Tiger) because they didn’t have the broadcast in Japan, but I knew Tiger was winning and I knew he was very good and I almost expected him to in almost every tournament,” said the Japanese.

BACK IN ACTION: Woods returned after a 15-month layoff

PHOTO: AFP


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sport

PATRIOT|NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

Testing times for testy tests ALTHOUGH THE FIVE DAYS IT TAKES IS A VALID AND IMPORTANT REASON FOR THE DECLINE OF TESTS, ANOTHER REASON IS THE EMERGENCE OF TV TELECAST, AND DECLINE OF RADIO Sports Desk

REMEMBER THOSE days, when our fathers would wake up at 5.15 AM, sit in front of the old radios that we had, and tinker with the dials to catch the short-wave commentary of a test that their favourite teams played. It took about 10-15 minutes to tune in, and they had to do so every 20-30 minutes. They were ardent fans, and never missed any tests, wherever and whenever they were played. Of course, they had to be home, and not in office. That’s how a lot of us got glued to radio commentary, and test matches. In those glorious days, fans across the world used to queue up hours before the test began. People carried transistors to their offices, even schools, to catch the latest scores, or simply to hear the commentaries. Fortunately, ear phones had entered the market; so, as students, we kept the radio under the desk, slipped the ear phone cord through the coat or shirt sleeves, put our palm over the ear, and listen to not the teacher, but the commentary. Of course, we wore long sleeves, even in hot summers, when the tests were on. Tests had a following then. Well, there were no shorter formats of cricket. All of us remember former Australian cricketer Richie Benaud in commentary box, beginning with “Good morning and welcome to the coverage” in his Aussie drawl. Or another former cricketer, Bill Lawry, whose “played and missed” was better than anyone else in the commentary box. Or former English cricketer, Tony Greig who said in the way he saw it. Sadly, today, the tests’ fans, listeners and commentators are gone. During most tests, except in India, and in Australia and England during the Ashes series, there are a handful of people in the stadium and front of the TV. Radio seems like

FULL HOUSE: The Melbourne Cricket Ground is renowned for its capacity, which is over 100,000

PHOTO: ESPN CRICINFO

This was why Daniel Norcross and Tom Clark experimented with Internet-based audio commentary to bring back the excitement in test matches. They lived in South London, and were bored to death with the TV test commentary, which is dull and drab, and unlike the past radio ones. They decided to start an online live commentary, which was educational, gave the match report,

MASSIVE CROWD AT THE MELBOURNE CRICKET GROUND: THE MCG IS ONE OF THE LARGEST STADIUMS IN THE WORLD. ON DECEMBER 26, 2013, IT RECORDED THE HIGHEST ATTENDANCE — 91,112 PEOPLE — DURING ASHES a relic. Time and again, as T20s and ODIs became a hit, the same question was asked: is this the end of test cricket? Fortunately, over the past few years, T20 and ODIs have had a positive impact on tests’ popularity. As batsmen go for the kill, scoring has hastened in tests with 300 runs a day being the norm. This has led to exciting matches, and more results. Although the pace of the match, and the five days it takes, are valid and important reasons for the

and was also fun and frolic. Their venture, Test Match Sofa , was dubbed as the “alternative cricket commentary”, and cricket fans loved it. Talking to ESPN Cricinfo, Clark explained that he was sick of former cricketers-turned-TV commentators. “I appreciate if you’ve played 80 times for England you’re very qualified to talk about cricket, but why does that make you the best cricket commentator? When you’re young and outrageously talented,

LOVE OF KOLKATA — THE BEAUTIFUL EDEN GARDENS: IN 1998-99 THE TEST BETWEEN INDIA AND PAKISTAN ATTRACTED A TOTAL OF 465,000 PEOPLE AT THE EDEN GARDEN. SADLY, IT HAS REDUCED TO 66,000 NOW decline of tests, another reason is the emergence of TV telecast. As Will Holder wrote, “Somehow test match cricket and the radio were made for each other. … (it) made the BBC’s Test Match Special, an institution… for cricket lovers around the world.” TV is a ‘cold’ medium that requires action, which can be provided by T20s and ODIs.

you’re likely to spend all your time honing your own (cricketing) skills… You’re unlikely to waste your youth in the way I did – by either watching or reading or talking in abstract about cricket.” In 2009, the ‘Sofa’, which was literally a commentary from the sofa in a house as the commentators ate, drank, and watched live coverage

JAM-PACKED: Eden Gardens at its best can host up to 66,000 people

on TV, began with the first Ashes test. Despite the technical glitches, 5,000 listeners tuned in on the very first day. The ‘Sofa’ was irreverent, yet quite relevant to bring back the excitement of test cricket. The commentators mocked the most renowned players. They did have their bias – they wanted the Australians to lose every test that they played, in England or outside. Take the example when Sachin Tendulkar got out against Australia in a test in Mohali, India, in 2010. “A terrible shot from Tendulkar! The great man has failed. That one was

short and at the body, and he’s cut it straight to (Michael) Hussey. It was too close to cut, really, he had enough time just to drop his wrists and let it go, but it has unnecessar-

PHOTO: DIEHARDCRICKETFANS.IN

tator. “We don’t have to interview these players at the end of the day, so we don’t have to respect them in the same way,” explained Clark. However, the ‘Sofa’ didn’t survive. It

SACHIN’S LAST — AND THE FIRST FOR TV BROADCASTING: THE LAST TEST THAT SACHIN TENDULKAR PLAYED GARNERED 1,739 AVERAGE TVTs; IT IMPLIED THAT OVER 1.7 MILLION PEOPLE WERE GLUED TO THEIR TV SETS ON A DAY ily brought Australia back into the game... and that’s what really pisses me off – whenever Australia win. Someone always makes a f*****g stupid mistake and lets them back into the game,” yelled the commen-

was sold to The Cricketer; in 2014, it was taken off air because of the pressure from the England and Wales Cricket Board. But, at its peak, the commentary attracted 10,000 listeners a day.


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PATRIOT|NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016

23

MIT’s tech, ultra edge to DRS

THE INDIAN CRICKET TEAM SHOULD AT LEAST TRY THE DECISION REVIEW SYSTEM FOR SOME MATCHES BEFORE ONE CAN REALLY POINT OUT ITS PROS AND CONS

made or not.” “I think we need to have a bit more patience with that particular aspect… It’s not something that’s going to drastically change, something that’s going to keep going on in one direction. We will analyse

over a period of 12 months as to some of the concerns they have had how we have used it,” the Indian around performance of the technologies, particularly in the area of captain said. Cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar ball tracking. “The two of note which you will feels BCCI can adopt it on permanent basis if it is convinced with the have seen are the increased frame modified review system. Former rate of the cameras, obviously puts opener Sunil Gavaskar, however, more information into each calcuremains unconvinced about the lation of a predicted path and produces a more accurate result, and rules that govern DRS. According to him, the ‘umpire’s the location of the point of impact call’ component of the system is now has the ultra edge or the sound somewhat confusing. If a batsman based system helping them getting had been given out on the field and the right frame of impact. “They are two improvements in reviewed the decision, the ‘umpire’s call’ would then have sent him the last couple of years that have certainly improved the packing. “So a batsperformance of ball man can be both out or TICK LIST: tracking since the BCCI not out by an ‘umpire’s HAWKEYE HAS call’. I find that a bit DEVELOPED THE originally took its position a few years ago,” he strange,” says former TECHNOLOGY said. According to captain Gavaskar. TO RECORD Allardice, ICC would According to ICC’s AND SAVE ALL want the “same techGeneral Manager of IMAGES SO nology” to be used for cricket affairs Geoff THAT THEY CAN each Test match. Allardice, Kumble’s BE REPLAYED “I think when I say role was “instrumenFOR BETTER ‘more consistent use of tal” in assessing the REVIEWS technology,’ I think havupgraded DRS and his ing the same type of support proved to be pivotal in using the technology in technology at each match; not the same provider at each match. the India-England series. “I know that he’s (Kumble) been Because one of the things about part of the precommittee for I think technology is that there’s always four years now, and one of the development going into it, and the things that he was keen to do when more people you’ve got involved, he came on as chairman was to the more ideas that get advanced.” He admits that Ultra Edge, and make sure that the technologies that were used as part of DRS were real-time snicko are some of the assessed independently and he’s mandatory tools required, but havdriven a lot of that project and it’s ing Hot Spot for each series is still a taken a while to get to the stage logistical challenge. “It certainly has a lot to add to a where we have got the results of DRS system, but there are some testing, etc. “But he (Kumble) has been very logistical challenges around making supportive of the project. He was it available for every match at the also in the pre - committee meeting moment. But that’s something we in May last year when the results want to think through a little bit when the majority of the tests were further and have further discuspresented. He was aware of the pre sions with the provider. Ball trackcommittee’s position, which was ing is standard in DRS at the that they wanted a more consistent moment and we wouldn’t see that use of technology across interna- changing.” In the first Test match against England in Vizag which it tional matches,” Allardice stated. Allardice said that the upgraded won by 246 runs, India got six of system has certainly convinced the eight reviews wrong. It is therefore BCCI to use it in Test series. “I think important that the team reviews it was an opportunity to talk to the decisions with some rational thinkBCCI about what some of those ing. The Indian cricket team should developments have been, and at least try the DRS for some more about how some of those develop- matches before one can really point ments have probably appeased out its pros and cons.

THE ‘UMPIRE’S CALL’ IS CONFUSING. IF A BATSMAN HAD BEEN GIVEN OUT AND HE REVIEWS, THE ‘UMPIRE’S CALL’ WOULD THEN HAVE SENT HIM PACKING. SO A BATSMAN CAN BE BOTH OUT OR NOT OUT BY AN ‘UMPIRE’S CALL Sunil Gavaskar, ex-captain

IT JUST CONFIRMS THE DECISION. AND IF YOU WANT TO CHALLENGE THE UMPIRE, IT’S NOT JUST YOU TELLING HIM THAT HE COULD HAVE MADE A DIFFERENT DECISION, YOU HAVE THE OPTION OF CHECKING IT AGAIN AND FIGURE OUT Virat Kohli, India captain

UMPIRE’S CALL: India’s dismal record with DRS continued as Kohli got six of his eight reviews wrong

Press Trust of India

AFTER OPPOSING it for long, the Indian cricket board has finally relented and said yes to the Decision Review System (DRS). The system is being used on a trial basis in the ongoing home Test series against England. The Board of Control for Cricket in India decided to deploy the DRS to “evaluate the improvements made to the system, over a period of time”. Though the BCCI and limited-overs skipper Mahendra Singh Dhoni have been opposing the system, Test captain Virat Kohli and coach Anil Kumble’s openness to experiment with the technology led the Board to soften its stance. Kumble, who heads the ICC Cricket Committee, visited the MIT Laboratory last year to assess the upgraded research on ball tracking technology and the contentious Hot Spot, which had been called unreliable by the BCCI in the past. India last played a Test series with DRS in use was way back in 2008 when they played an away series against Sri Lanka but refused to accept it saying it was not hundred per cent. Over a period of time, there have been significant changes in the DRS like introduction of ultra-motion cameras to address issues on calculating the predictive path which

allows the ball tracking, to be more accurate. Another change is manual intervention to set the impact point that has been controlled by the introduction of the ‘Ultra edge’, which has been approved by MIT and will help in determining the frame of impact. “‘Ultra edge’ also ensures that post impact, balls do not affect the predicted path or impact point and hence the accuracy has been improved,” according to BCCI. “Earlier, there was a possibility that the operator would have missed a delivery and hence a LBW appeal could have been missed. Now, Hawkeye has developed the technology to record and save all images so that in case an operator fails to arm the tracking system, the images can be rewound and replayed,” was BCCI’s contention. Kohli seems to be pretty happy with DRS and also used it pretty well at times in the on-going series. “It just confirms the decision that’s been made on the field. And if you want to challenge the umpire, it’s not just you telling him that he could have made a different decision, you have the option of checking it again and figure out if it is wrong or right. I think it is pretty fair for the game. I think it is just one way to make sure that everyone knows the correct decision has been

PHOTO: AFP

THEY ARE TWO IMPROVEMENTS IN THE LAST COUPLE OF YEARS IN DRS THAT HAVE CERTAINLY IMPROVED THE PERFORMANCE OF BALL TRACKING SINCE THE BCCI ORIGINALLY TOOK ITS POSITION A FEW YEARS AGO Geoff Allardice, ICC Manager


24

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PATRIOT|NEW DELHI|THURSDAY|8-14 DECEMBER|2016 DL(C)-01/1400/2016-2018

Real, Barca garner eyeballs AT THE NEHRU STADIUM, A ‘THEATRE-SIZE’ SCREEN ALONG WITH A SET OF SMALLER ONES ENSURED VISIBILITY FROM ALL ANGLES FOR THE FANS WHO GATHERED TO WATCH THE EL CLASICO

KICKOFF: Real Madrid and Barcelona enjoy huge popularity in India, and La Liga wanted to give the passionate fans a chance to enjoy El Clasico

Swati Dey

IT WAS a historic moment for the football fanatic fans. For the first time, the Spanish league, La Liga, advanced El Clasico, the famed matches played between two ageold rivals, Barcelona and Real Madrid, by a few hours to woo and wow Indians. The December 3 game began at 8.45 PM, India time, rather than 12.30 AM. To top it all, the league’s local office organised giant screenings in Delhi and Mumbai which were attended by 14,000 and 6,000 folks, respectively. For two hours, people partied non-stop with football, food and booze at the capital’s Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium. “Both Real Madrid and Barcelona enjoy huge popularity in India and we feel that we owe the passionate fans a chance to experience such an event,” said Javier Tebas, president, La Liga. Added Luis Garcia, who has played for Spain’s Barcelona and Atletico de Madrid, “It was a fantastic atmosphere at the screening and it was wonderful to see such enthusiasm from the crowd. It was a high

intensity match and all the fans who music accompanied it. For the fans turned out will be happy.” Tanishk, like Kushagra Jain, who came with a Real Madrid fan, said that the his friends from the Galgotia “energy and ambience is worth the University, it was “a match between pain.” (Cristiano) Ronaldo (Real Madrid) At the Nehru Stadium, a ‘theatre- and (Lionel) Messi (Barcelona)”. For size’ LED screen (38’x18’), along the organisers, it was a tussle with a set of smaller ones (8’x4’), between the celebrity quotient of La ensured visibility from Liga and EPL (English all angles. Still, there STAR WARS: Premier League). La w e re d oz e n s w h o LA LIGA BELIEVES Liga believes that its climbed the trees to get THAT ITS LEAGUE league has the more a better view. No one HAS THE MORE renowned players — was unhappy that they RENOWNED Ronaldo, Messi, Neymar had to stand the entire PLAYERS — (Brazil), Luis Suarez time as there were no RONALDO, (Uruguay), and Karim seats. In fact, the MESSI, NEYMAR Benzema (France) — it 14,000-plus fans were (BRAZIL), SUAREZ is the EPL, and its teams elated that there was a (URUGUAY), AND like Arsenal, Chelsea, food court and also a KARIM BENZEMA Manchester United and bar. Tebas seemed sat- (FRANCE) Manchester City, which isfied: “This is a big has a higher following step, and what we believe will be a among the Indians. This is why great start to our journey in India.” Tebas wants to “take La Liga across Apart from El Clasico, the evening the world”, establish it as a “global was attended by Kunal Kapoor of the and inclusive” league, get closer to Dear Zindagi and Rang de Basanti the fans and provide them with movies’ fame and video jockey, “newer, more exciting experiences”. Anusha. A mini-football game was La Liga wants to be the most skilled held before the ‘Match’, and loud and popular league.

Before the match began, the opposing fans seemed confident about their teams. “Barcelona is perhaps playing better, but not up to its mark,” felt Prasun Shome. Retorted Adhar Sharma, “Barcelona is out of form, so Real Madrid will win.” It was only ironical that it ended in a 1-1 draw with both teams frittering away easy chances to score a winning goal. However, the comments and analyses didn’t stop after the match. “Benzema came in the way, otherwise Ronaldo would have scored with his bicycle kick,” said Saif Sami, obviously reminded of the move in the second half. It was a near-perfect shot, minus the French star. Saif’s younger brother, Ajmal, who is an encyclopaedia of sports and has facts on his fingertips, was there too. So were two friends, who are football rivals – Gunjun Motiramani, who supports Barcelona and madly follows the exploits of the famous trio of Neymar-Messi-Suarez, and Neda Hashimi, a Real Madrid admirer whose football God is, obviously, Ronaldo. Motiramani said

PHOTOS:SWATI DEY/ MRINAL KISHORE

that her team should have won. Former La Liga player, Frederic Kanoute, thought that it was an “evenly-fought match” and was a “treat” for those who saw it live. Kanoute was present at the screening in Mumbai’s Khar Stadium. The final words came from Rajesh Kaul, president (distribution and sports), Sony Pictures, which is the league’s Indian broadcaster, and which earned millions of dollars from the preponement and screenings. “El Clasico is among the most viewed annual sporting events in the world and we are enabling football fans… an opportunity to experience one of the most heavily-anticipated games of the season with the football legends,” he said. Printed and Published by Ajai Chandra Upadhyay on behalf of United India Periodicals Pvt. Ltd. (Owner) and Printed at The Indian Express, A-8, Sector – 7, NOIDA, U.P and Published at 3, Link House, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi – 110002. EDITOR – AJAI CHANDRA UPADHYAY RNI NO: 7094/16

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