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issue 7

Quarterly Publication of the International Chiropractic Pediatric Association

Autism and Vaccines Fevers: A Source of Strength The Real Dangers of Soda Chiropractic & Athletes A Timely Birth {Part Three} Homebirth: A Mainstream Alternative Costs of Breastfeeding Dad’s Role in Play Who’s in Control? Being Child-Centered brought to you courtesy of:


International Chiropractic Pediatric Association

issue 7

Chiropractic Family Wellness Lifestyle LETTERS FROM READERS


International Chiropractic Pediatric Association

ABOUT ICPA The ICPA values and respects parents’ rights to make informed health care decisions for their children. Through education, training and research in the care of children and pregnant women, the ICPA is advancing awareness of the chiropractic family wellness lifestyle. PathWAYS is a quarterly publication of the International Chiropractic Pediatric Association Editorial Board of Advisors Bruce Lipton, Ph.D. Stephen Marini, Ph.D., D.C. Randall Neustaedter, O.M.D. Jeanne Ohm, D.C. Larry Palevsky, M.D. Jane Sheppard ICPA 327 N Middletown Rd Media, PA 19063 1 800-670-KIDS © 2005-2006 Design by Tina Aitala Engblom

The individual articles and links to health care information in Pathways are based upon the opinions of the respective author, who retains copyright as marked. The information provided is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of knowledge and information. The ICPA encourages you to make informed health care decisions based upon your researched knowledge and in partnership with a qualified health care provider.









3 You Wrote…We Listened 4 Autism: Is There a Vaccine Connection? 12 Fevers: A Source of Strength 16 The Real Dangers of Soda 19 Chiropractic & Athletes 22 A Timely Birth {Part Three} 24 Homebirth: A Mainstream Alternative 26 Cost of Breastfeeding 30 Dad’s Role in Play


32 Who’s in Control? Being Child-Centered


36 Early Bedtime Means Better Baby Sleep





38 Back Packs: What the Experts Say 40 News to Know & Share 42 Benjamin’s Story: Night Terrors 44 Parental Back Stress

from the editor

jeanne ohm,d.c.

On September 18, 2005, the profession of chiropractic is celebrating its 110th birthday. Chiropractic was founded in 1895 by D.D. Palmer and then developed by his son, BJ Palmer into what is now the largest drug-free healing profession in the world.

Since its beginnings, chiropractic has embraced the importance of the adjustment for family health. In 1910,

Through its 110 year evolution, chiropractic has been

D.D. Palmer published his book, “The Chiropractor’s

embraced as a safe, effective and vitalistic choice for well-

Adjustor”. Along with numerous other statements on

ness. Its unique approach to health has brought the profes-

vitalism and wellness, Palmer wrote,

sion forward as leaders in lifestyle solutions to wellness

“The principles of chiropractic should

including nutrition, exercise, posture and most importantly

be known and utilized in the growth of

proper nerve system function.

the infant and continue as a safeguard

The major emphasis of chiropractic care has always been to respect and enhance normal body function. Although many other health providers today are now also recognizing the importance of nutrition, exercise and posture, the chiropractic emphasis on nerve system function gives chiropractic patients a unique advantage. Chiropractic is founded on the vitalistic principle that the body is a self healing organism. The principles of chiropractic acknowledge that a healthy nerve system is imperative for normal body function, healing and repair. The objective of the chiropractic adjustment is to reduce stress to the nerve system so that the body can regain optimal performance and therefore improve its potential for healing and wellness.

throughout life”. His emphasis for improving nerve system function from birth and throughout life reveals the core relationship between chiropractic and the family wellness lifestyle. This month, the members of the International Chiropractic Pediatric Association proudly celebrate the unique approach to wellness the chiropractic adjustment offers humanity. Pathways magazine provides you, the parent, with articles and resources consistent with our founder’s mission. It is our hope that the information provided to you in Pathways will encourage you to make essential, lifetime choices for your family. Our purpose is for your whole family to experience a new level of health and also to celebrate our passion for greater life expression.

Many Blessings, Jeanne Ohm, DC

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Conver ts to changer or free-standing unit

letters from our readers Mercury Rising: Warnings in Pregnancy and Infancy (Issue # 5: Winter)

T Patient Subscription Service


received the Pathways magazine along with some other information recently from you. I found Pathways very interesting and informative and most of all POSITIVE on raising kids healthy and naturally and it did not “cut” down the medical profession. I find this good because I believe in accentuating the positive and the negative will go away or be over-ridden. Excellent job! I was wondering if you all did a subscription service to patients. Instead of buying them in bundles we, chiropractors, could buy a subscription for our patients and they would receive one each quarter. As you know not all patients keep coming back but if they received this magazine quarterly it would keep them informed and I believe they would read it. We could even send it to OB/GYN offices and Pediatrics offices and they may put it in their reception rooms. ICPA does a GREAT job and I look forward to the e-mails and materials I receive. Thank you for promoting chiropractic! J.M., D.C. We have just started a subscription service and there are special tear outs in this issue so you can subscribe others to our magazine. You can always call in subscription orders at 1-800-670-5437 or sign up on line at Thanks for your enthusiasm and support! – JO



am really enjoying Pathways. At first I was reading them at my chiropractor’s office and then I decided to subscribe directly. I have a request and hope you consider it. As a parent, I would appreciate a section in Pathways to ask family health questions. Is that possible? M.P., Parent We have gotten several requests and even health questions that have come in. This issue begins our new section: Questions and Answers: Family Wellness Forum. Enjoy! – JO

o the author,

You are an idiot. I read your misinformation about Rhogam. How dare you? As a chiropractor, you have no real medical training or knowledge. Rhogam has saved thousands of babies. Thimerosol has not been shown in any scientific study to cause autism. SMS, M.D.

I didn't know that it required an MD degree to read the literature and medical commentary about a relevant issue, and then compile the information into an informative, well-referenced article. I would think that as an MD who made an oath “First Do No Harm” you would be concerned with the known toxin, thimerosal, in the rhogam shot being given to pregnant women and would appreciate articles that suggested parents choose shots without this toxin.

It is well documented that mercury is most damaging to developing nerve tissue of fetuses and infants.

Thimerosal is a chemical compound that contains 49.6 percent mercury as a preservative. Mercury is one of the most dangerous toxins known to scientists. This is 100 times the exposure that the Environmental Protection Agency's Poison Control Center guidelines consider safe for the average-sized infant, as mercury is known to cause neurotoxicity and brain damage that mirrors the symptoms of autism. As the article also points out, it is well documented that mercury is most damaging to the developing nerve tissue of fetuses and infants. Maybe it causes autism, maybe it does not, but until we know for sure, I consider it prudent for women who choose the Rhogam shot during pregnancy to ask for thimerosalfree vaccines! My article offered them resources to do so. – Jeanne Ohm, D.C., Pathways Editor, Article Author

A Thank You


hank you for your magazine! I learned another reason why I should discourage the regular Rhogam prenatally! I have a wonderful chiropractor who has helped many babies with colic. Thanks again!

We would like to hear from you!


Send your letters to ICPA, 327 N Middletown Rd, Media, PA

Thanks for your work as a midwife honoring the natural processes of pregnancy and birth and striving to guide parents to safer, easier births. – JO

19063 or via e-mail: Letters become the property of Pathways and may be edited for clarity and length.

pathways | issue 7


f e at u r e

Is there a vaccine


pathways | issue 7

According to the California Department of Developmental Services, the rate of children diagnosed with full-syndrome autism between 1999 and 2002 nearly doubled from 10,360 to 20,377. The report further revealed that “between Dec. 31, 1987, and Dec. 31, 2002, the population of persons with full-syndrome autism has increased by 634 percent.” That is a doubling of autism cases every four years, and the staggering increases are not limited to California. According to data provided by the U.S. Department of Education, in 1992 Ohio reported 22 cases. A decade later the number had increased by 13,895 percent to 3,057. In Illinois the rate of autism cases climbed from just five in 1992 to 3,802—an increase of 76,040 percent. Only Puerto Rico can claim to have an increase of less than 100 percent, with the remaining states reporting increases of at least 500 percent during the same period. Although once considered rare, during the last two decades the chance of a child being diagnosed with autism has skyrocketed from one in 10,000 to one in 150.



So what could be leading to the disastrous decline in our children’s health potential? From my research, I believe the dramatic increase in the number of vaccines children receive plays a big role. I am not saying that vaccines are the only cause, but that they play a key role in the increase. No one wants to believe such a horrendous reaction, like regressive autism, can occur as a result of vaccination processes, especially in the United States. When Dr. Andrew Wakefield, a gastroenterologist, previous surgeon, and research fellow at the Royal Free medical school in London, published his findings linking the MMR vaccine to inflammatory

pathways | issue 7


In theory there are several mechanisms whereby the MMR vaccine could have increased potency to induce harmful autoantibodies (antibodies which attack the body’s own tissues and organs, including the myelin sheaths), once injected into the human system.


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bowel diseases in the Lancet in February 1998, he was fired. The paper was based on 12 children. In eight cases, parents or doctors reported that symptoms of autism developed after the MMR shot. In one case, they were said to have developed after the child had had measles. The team at the Royal Free hypothesized that the measles virus could conceivably be the link between the gut problems and the autism. Dr. Kawashima from Japan has confirmed that the virus found does indeed come from the MMR vaccine. Dr. Wakefield cites Dr. John O’Leary, professor of pathology at Trinity College, Dublin, who says he has found vaccine strain measles virus in samples from the gut tissue of the 12 children initially studied and over 75 other children studied since then.(1, 2) The paper projected Dr. Wakefield into the limelight. He was the only one of the 12 authors to suggest that the MMR should be given as separate vaccines, instead of the tri-valent single shot. These findings and his urgent suggestions for the future safety of our children lost him his job. Since this time he has studied hundreds more children including nearly 200 previously normal children who apparently developed the combined autistic behavior and digestive problems after receiving the three-in-one MMR vaccine. 170 of these had the measles virus isolated from their intestine and verified by Dr. Kawashima. Dr. Arthur Krigsman, from New York University School of Medicine, reported the first independent corroboration of the research findings of Dr. Wakefield. Dr. Krigsman observes serious intestinal inflammation in autistic children identical to that described by Wakefield. This is extremely significant because it independently supports Wakefield’s conclusion that a previously unidentified and devastating combination of bowel and brain disease is afflicting young children. Dawbarns Law Firm of England published a paper reporting on over 600 instances of side effects

following the MMR vaccination including 202 cases of autism, 97 of epilepsy, 40 hearing and vision problems, and 41 with 100 behavioral and learning problems.(3) The hypothetical model for MMR vaccine as a cause of autism is as follows. Nerve cells of the brain function by conducting nerve impulses, much like electrical wiring. These cells require insulation to function normally. This insulation is provided by myelin sheaths, made up largely of fatty material. For the most part myelination of nerve cells of the brain does not commence until after birth. Most is laid down during the first 5 years of normal development. It is now generally thought that the process of encephalitis, whether from wild viruses or live-virus vaccines, is associated with an interference with the myelination process brought about by the development of antibodies against myelin basic protein, a constituent of the myelin sheaths.(4) In theory there are several mechanisms whereby the MMR vaccine could have increased potency to induce harmful autoantibodies (antibodies which attack the body’s own tissues and organs, including the myelin sheaths), once injected into the human system. First and perhaps foremost, MMR is incubated in chick embryo culture medium, which necessarily includes precursors of all the organ systems of the chick, including myelin basic protein. The human body recognizes the chick protein and launches an attack, unfortunately destroying both the human and the chick myelin basic protein. The second theoretical reason is that the MMR vaccine is injected by needle directly into the system. This differs from the natural infections, which are “cushioned” or buffered by the mucosal immune system (Secretary IgA) of the respiratory tract. By passing this mucosal immune system, the injection may carry greater potency for harmful autoantibody formation. Third, measles virus carries

CAUSE FOR CONCERN If an average five kilogram (11 lb) infant received all thimerosalcontaining vaccines at a two-month visit, his or her exposure that day would be 62.5 mcg— 125 times the EPA guidelines.

protein similar to those found in myelin sheaths(5) so that antibodies induced by the measles vaccine may cross-react harmfully with myelin. Furthermore, in 1993 Vijendra Singh, PhD University of Illinois, published a study in which they found antibodies to myelin basic protein in 50 to 60% of autistic children tested.(3) Recently at a public meeting Dr. Singh presented information on an unpublished, preliminary study of 27 autistic children in which he found a nearly 50% correlation between MMR antibodies and antibodies to myelin basic protein in serum drawn from the children.(6) Additionally, in a study published in 2002, Dr. Singh of Utah State University found more than 80% of 52 children with autism had measles antibodies when compared to 30 normal children and 15 siblings showing no antibodies. Singh believes the presence of antibodies shows that these kids suffered an abnormal response to the measles element of the MMR causing them to develop inappropriate antibodies. This study, published in the online version of the Journal of International Pediatrics, found children were five times more likely to develop neurological diseases after receiving the MMR shot than they were after receiving the DTP. So the

next question is, what is the rate of neurological disease correlation with the DTP? There has been increased raised awareness about the preservative thimerosal, which is 49.5% ethyl mercury by weight formerly in most vaccines. Mercury is a potent human toxicant, especially harmful to the rapidly developing fetal and infant brain. Federal agencies have published acceptable levels for exposure, but in actual fact, mercury is a poison at any level. Following the vaccination schedule recommended by the CDC, infants studied were exposed to between 0.0 to 187.5 mcg of mercury, depending on the vaccine manufacturer, and total exposure over 18 months could be as high as 237.5 mcg. The dose the EPA deems allowable is 0.1 mcg per kilogram per day. If an average five kilogram (11 lb) infant received all thimerosal-containing vaccines at a two-month visit, his or her exposure that day would be 62.5 mcg—125 times the EPA guidelines. Exposure in utero should also be of concern. One study of children with autism found that 50% of their mothers had received thimerosal-containing Rhogam, whereas only 9% of mothers of non-autistic children had received Rhogam. F. Edward Yazbak, M.D. collected 240

questionnaires to determine if there is a connection between vaccination during or shortly after pregnancy and autism. His results were alarming. Included in the 240 responses were 20 out of 25 women who were vaccinated with MMR shortly after delivery, breast-fed their babies and sadly had children who developed autism. Of the remaining five, three of the children have allergies, and one has cerebral palsy. Another subgroup from the 240 included 7 women who were vaccinated during pregnancy. Six of the seven children born to these mothers were diagnosed with autism, and the seventh with an autism spectrum disorder. The last child was one of twins. The other twin was stillborn. Subsequent to this study, Dr. Yazbak received 22 more reports from women who were vaccinated either shortly before, during or immediately after pregnancy and all of them had at least one child with autism.(7) Another study found that 1 in 175 children who completed the full DPT series suffered “severe reactions” and a Dr. report for attorneys stating that one in 300 DPT immunizations resulted in seizures.(8) The FDA estimates that as few as 1% of serious adverse reactions to vaccines are reported(9, 10) and the CDC admits that pathways | issue 7


We can hypothesize again that having an inflammatory response happen in the intestines may make children more susceptible to mercury toxicity because of the lowered health of the intestinal walls.

only about 10% of such events are reported.(11) In fact, Congress has heard testimony that medical students are told not to report suspected adverse events.(12) Despite the astounding amount of studies stating information similar to that stated above, the FDA has only “encouraged” vaccine manufacturers to reduce or eliminate thimerosal. Numerous vaccine products containing the neurotoxic substance are still on the market. Awareness of the availability of vaccine products without thimerosal is of utmost importance for the consumer. Parents research the safest car seats and toys for their children but don’t realize they need to research vaccines as well. Parents must be given the necessary knowledge to make informed decisions about vaccination. What conclusions can we draw? We can hypothesize again that having an inflammatory response happen in the intestines may make children more susceptible to mercury toxicity because of the lowered health of the intestinal walls. Whether that mercury comes from vaccines, fish, dental fillings, paint, or over-the-counter nose and eyedrops, it has more of an ability to negatively affect our system because of the auto-immune responses in the gut and myelin sheaths as we have described. From my research on the available studies, I know each of the possibilities mentioned have a negative affect on our children’s health. Should we stop vaccinating our children? Many feel this is a dangerous approach to stopping the autism epidemic but here are some pertinent facts: From 1911 to 1935 the 4 leading causes of death among those aged 1 to 14 years, covered by Metropolitan Life Insurance policies, were diphtheria, measles, scarlet fever and whooping cough.(13) By 1945 the combined rates from these 4 diseases had declined by 95%, before mass vaccine programs began in the United States.(14) By far the greatest factors in the decline were


pathways | issue 7

better housing with less crowded conditions, better nutrition, and other public health, hygienic, and medical measures. In 1979 Sweden banned the pertussis (whooping cough) vaccine, considering it both ineffective and dangerous. In spite of the banning, or perhaps because of it, Sweden maintains one of the lowest infant mortality rates in the world. In 1975 Japan raised the age of pertussis vaccine to 2 years of age, considering it dangerous in infancy. Since that time, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has largely disappeared in Japan.(15) Other nations with either voluntary vaccine programs, such as England, or less stringently enforced programs have lower infant mortality rates than the US. With few exceptions, they have not had a return of deadly epidemics (with high mortality). The bottom line is that autism is a complex disorder, and pinpointing the cause may be even more complex. Whether it’s the MMR vaccine, the mercury in the DTaP, Hepatitis B, Hib, Flu shot, Rhogam, mercury exposure through environment or diet, a combination of all or a factor yet to be uncovered, a link between vaccines and autism seems to grow clearer and clearer as the evidence surfaces. Whatever your personal vaccination decision, make it an informed one: you have that right and responsibility. It is a difficult issue, but there is more than enough at stake to justify whatever time and energy it takes. Melissa Millner, D.C., has been awarded Diplomate status for successful completion of the ICPA’s 360 hour post-graduate Diplomate program. She is a 1998 graduate of Northwestern Health Sciences University and practices in Hastings, Minnesota. References available for review at:

a letter Date: May 19, 2005 Harvey V. Fineberg, MD, PhD President, Institute of Medicine 500 Fifth Street NW Washington DC 20001 Dear Doctor Fineberg: I am writing you as a fellow physician to ask you to withdraw the conclusion you and your committee made in February 2004 that there is no connection between autism and childhood vaccines and all further research efforts should go in other directions. Eight years ago I would have agreed with you; now I believe wholeheartedly that you are holding a position that is no longer tenable by any scientific or humanitarian or truthful standards. This kind of faulty judgment stands to make the American people begin to lose faith in our governing health agencies. You, as the currently residing president, have the power to correct a terrible wrong and help reinstate this faith by looking at the present scientific evidence that cannot be denied and encourage even more research in this area. I beg you to have the courage and honesty to retract that conclusion which was not based on science but on epidemiological studies that were proven to be manipulated and diluted by those actually employed by the vaccine makers. These “researchers” finally managed to change and dilute their own original findings that there was indeed an obvious connection between vaccines and the autism epidemic that is now upon us. We are living in an age where information is available to the masses. Hundreds of thousands of parents of stricken children have shared how certain they are that they had normal children until vaccines changed them. For those with immunologically genetic predispositions to be unable to excrete toxins as neurotypical children do (and this is a sizeable number of children, especially boys), receiving the mercury-laden hepatitis B vaccination at birth was a “neurofatal” blow. The mandate requiring this toxin-laden vaccine for every newborn, rather than just the relatively rare infant who had a mother with active hepatitis B (which could have been easily checked), was obviously a huge and blatant error in judgment. An error is one thing; the ensuing decade where literally hundreds of thousands of children became autistic while our governing health agencies led by IOM’s denial and avoidance of the truth is already a dark stain in the history of American medicine and will show its devastation for many decades. These injured children’s families have films and testimonies from many observers that their child became lost to them following vaccines. The destruction inflicted by the newborn vaccines rendered many children unable to withstand the insult of triple live viruses in the form of the MMR, and many toddlers clearly succumbed to autism following the MMR. Repeatedly, laboratory examination of these stricken children reveals damage to their immune and gastrointestinal systems

consonant with the damage known to be inflicted by exposure to toxic metals, including the thimerosal in vaccines. As a physician, I have evaluated many hundreds of autistic children with thorough laboratory examinations of their blood, urine, stool and hair. Most such children improve when toxic metals are removed. I can assure you that the disorders shown by these children compared to neurotypical children are caused by toxins. It is difficult to believe that you have spent any time with the families and clinicians out there in the fields caring for these children and hearing their histories and seeing the incredible clinical and laboratory pictures they present. I must presume that you are accepting reports written and manipulated by persons hired by the very pharmaceutical companies who made millions off these neurotoxic vaccines which they created. You and they are in a position to admit the truth, and the literally billions of dollars pharmaceutical companies will spend to defend themselves or pay injured families could be used to set up badly needed clinics throughout the country where these stricken children could be treated. Your and their denial of thimerosal’s adverse effects is delaying this help. With proper biomedical evaluation and treatment, most of these children can be helped to lead better lives. It is criminal to be a force denying thimerosal’s increasingly documented effects and thus—by the IOM’s anti-science thimerosal decree (2004) the IOM’s stance is helping delay biomedical help for these metal-injured children. The care of an autistic child’s medical and educational needs costs from 2-3 million dollars for their lifetime; the consequences of this upcoming burden on our families, communities, and nation are incomprehensible. The IOM’s untenable position supports individuals, including many physicians, who do choose to remain under the comfortable sway of the enormous power of the pharmaceutical companies who have gained so much from these mandated vaccine programs. I am asking you, Doctor Harvey Fineberg, to look into your soul, your heart, your compassion, and your honor as a physician to be truthful and “not harm.” TRUTH WILL WIN OUT; it is just a question of time. Will you be that rare person—like the FDA’s David Graham, M.D., who has the courage to bring it out sooner? I beg you to do so for the injured children, the heartbroken families, your own conscience, and our country.

Sincerely Yours, Jaquelyn McCandless, M.D. Autism Evaluation and Treatment Specialist Author, Children with Starving Brains, a Medical Treatment Guide for Autism Spectrum Disorder Originator, Autism Research Institute’s Physician Autism Evaluation and Treatment Training Course Grandmother, Autistic Child Reprinted with permission by Jaquelyn McCandless, M.D.

pathways | issue 7


Autism: The Silent Enemy “…Despite overwhelming evidence that MERCURY in vaccines containing thimerosal contributes largely to neurodevelopmental disorders in children, health authorities and medical specialty societies (such as the CDC, FDA, Public Health Department, American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Academy of Family Physicians) continue to promote vaccines that use thimerosal. “The flu vaccine still contains a FULL QUANTITY OF MERCURY—12.5 ug for the pediatric dose and 25.5 ug for the adult dose. Yet health authorities have promoted flu vaccination for all children between the ages of 6 and 18 months—and they recently included all children between 5 and 18 years old. Worse still, they are pushing heavily for flu vaccination for all pregnant women.” “Studies show that MERCURY in a pregnant woman’s blood is concentrated in the placenta, leaving the baby’s level 70% higher than that of the mother. We know the mother is getting a full adult dose of 25.5 ug of MERCURY from the vaccine. But remember: Manufacturers recommend that first-time recipients of the flu vaccine get TWO doses—that’s 51 ug of MERCURY for the mother and EVEN MORE for her tiny baby.” “The real shock comes when you hear the EPA announcing how studies from 1999 through 2000 found that some 630,000 newborn babies had unsafe MERCURY levels in their blood. While researchers blame coal-burning power plants, studies show that the top three sources are dental amalgam, contaminated seafoods and ? VACCINATIONS. “While they draft plans to reduce mercury emissions from coal-burning plants, they nullify any good it might do as they simultaneously promote pumping millions of children full of MERCURY-containing flu vaccines every year.”

Aluminum and the Brain “MERCURY might get more attention, but another metal found in most vaccines is getting much deserved consideration from researchers. It’s ALUMINUM. And it is added to vaccines as an adjuvant—an additive used to boost immune reactions… Like mercury, ALUMINUM is known to be a powerful brain toxin, especially during this vital organ’s initial development. And its link to Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Lou Gehrig’s disease continues to gain credence.”


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“ALUMINUM appears to poison a number of critical enzymes in cells by: • INTERFERING WITH BRAIN CELL NEUROTUBULE (structural) FUNCTION • TRIGGERING EXCITOTOXICITY (as with mercury it causes overstimulation of brain cells resulting in cell death) AND CHRONICALLY ACTIVATING THE BRAIN’S IMMUNE SYSTEM (as does mercury), WHICH CAUSES DAMAGE.” “Like MERCURY, ALUMINUM tends to accumulate in the brain after long periods of time. French physician Dr. R.K. Gherardi discovered other neurological effects, including difficulty thinking, memory loss, nerve damage, loss of vision and full-blown multiple sclerosis. The hepatitis B vaccine was most often associated with the condition. And the disorder was progressive—30% developed symptoms within three months, 61% within one year and 80% within two years.” “Similar cases are being seen in the United States, including that of a small child suffering severe neurological damage. This could explain the recent report in the journal Neurology reporting the 300% increase in multiple sclerosis risk within three years of receiving the hepatitis B vaccine. Subsequent studies have shown that these ALUMINUM adjuvants create prolonged immune activation that can last years, even decades.” “As I explained in my newsletter VACCINATIONS: THE HIDDEN DANGER, excessive stimulation of the brain’s immune system as a result of too many vaccinations can destroy mass quantities of brain cells and connections, leading to severe diseases—and even Alzheimer’s. Since thousands of newborn babies have gotten this vaccine at birth, the question is: What will these children face ten or even twenty years from now? The fear is that we could witness a multiple sclerosis explosion in teens and young adults. And the vaccine police don’t seem to care.” Dr. Blaylock also demonstrates the evidence that MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine has not only been linked to AUTISM, but also to LOU GEHRIG’S, MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS AND SUB-ACUTE SCLEROSIS PANENCEPHALITIS. May 2005 Issue, THE BLAYLOCK WELLNESS REPORT. Subscriptions are available at

wellness lifestyle

9 FEVERS A Source of Strength

STRENGTH by Rahima Baldwin

Most childhood illnesses are characterized by fever. It is widely known that fever activates the immune system in a natural way. It is less widely known that fever can strengthen the immune system, help prevent susceptibility to other illnesses in later life, and confer developmental benefits as well.1

Pediatrician Uwe Stave reports: “Fever attacks can affect children in quite a positive way. Even though his physical strength is reduced, the child may disclose a wealth of new interests and skills. He may find new and advanced ways to communicate, think, and handle situations, or display a refinement of his motor skills. In short, after a fever, the child reveals a spurt of development and maturation.”2

Dr. Stave explains this observation by referring to the effect of warmth on the physical organism: “Fever acts by shaking and loosening up the physical body. Activation by heat can


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help the Ego form and reshape the physical organization of the young child. In addition, the physiological and biochemical functions of organs and systems are assisted in the maturation process through febrile illness, and inner forces gain strength and become more differentiated. Although the pediatrician often shares parental concern that repeated feverous infections overstress the young child’s fragile organism, fever most often supports development and individualization, although it is sometimes a warning signal, indicating weakness in the child’s defense against his environment. As children grow older and learn how to control the will, gradually an “inner fire” replaces the “developmental fever” of a young child.3

The Vaccine Factor Many of the childhood illnesses that involve fever, such as measles, chickenpox, and mumps, have nearly become anachronisms due to the routine vaccination of infants. Parents who choose not to have their children vaccinated for some or all of these illnesses need to appreciate the seriousness of the diseases and the child’s special need for strict home care and medical help in mustering the forces to overcome the illness. Measles cannot be treated like a common cold or flu. Whooping cough requires weeks of convalescence and may require medicine to help fight the illness successfully.4

and the Committee on Infectious Diseases of the American Academy of Pediatrics now warn against giving aspirin to children. The approved choice, acetaminophen, as well as antibiotics, work to suppress fever “safely.” But when a fever is artificially suppressed in this way, the body’s defense system remains inactive. Fever needs to be monitored, not suppressed. This allows the fever to mobilize the body’s immune system, which helps fight the disease at hand and is of possible long-range value in a world with immune-deficiency diseases. Monitoring the course of a fever is also a valuable diagnostic tool. Because certain illnesses have characteristic fever patterns, observing your child’s fever will help in a diagnosis. If your doctor advises bringing down the fever or you decide to do so, consider using some of the nonsuppressant therapies discussed later in this article.

98.6˚F On the other hand, if you do vaccinate your child, you need to recognize that introducing the illness through the vaccine is a powerful shock to the body. Dr. Wilhelm zur Linden states that the reason vaccinations are given to babies and infants is because older children can react with cramps, fever, vomiting, and confusion. He states, “It is now known that small children react so mildly because they do not yet possess sufficient strength with which to counteract the vaccination.”5 Dr. zur Linden suggests giving the homeopathic remedy Thuja 30x morning and evening, starting on the day of vaccination, to help protect the child from the effects of the vaccine-induced illness. Whether or not to vaccinate a child, for which illnesses, and at what age are individual decisions that parents must make for their children, weighing the pros and cons as best they can.

Fevers Are for Monitoring, Not Suppressing Hippocrates taught that fever is the helpful response of the body to the disease process—the body’s way of overcoming disease. About 150 years ago, this theory was replaced by the still prevalent opinion that fever itself is a disease and needs to be treated as such. The tendency today is to give antibiotics, or at least aspirin or acetaminophen, at the first sign of fever. However, recent studies show a strong connection between taking aspirin for viral illnesses, such as chickenpox or influenza, and the subsequent development of Reye’s syndrome. As a result, the Centers for Disease Control

Treating Febrile Seizures

What if the fever gets “too high”? When fever runs high, it can sometimes lead to a febrile seizure, or convulsion. Dr. Alvin N. Eden, whose point of view is representative of sound mainstream medical thinking, explains that a “simple febrile seizure” is a convulsion caused by a high fever from an infection anywhere in the body that does not primarily involve the brain. He notes, “Therefore, by definition, a child who has a fever during a seizure does not have epilepsy. Furthermore, simple febrile seizures do not lead to mental retardation.”6 He suggests that if a child has a febrile seizure, the parents consult with the physician to make sure the child does not have a “complex febrile seizure” which stems from infection in the brain.

What usually happens is that a healthy one or two year old becomes ill, often with a sore throat or ear infection, and starts to run a high fever. If the temperature reaches the child’s particular threshold for convulsions, it produces a seizure. The child may start to twitch and then shake violently all over. He or she loses consciousness, the eyes roll back, and often the child foams from the mouth. “These generalized convulsions, called simple febrile convulsions, rarely last longer than five minutes and stop by themselves without specific treatment. After it is over, the child frequently goes to sleep, and when he wakes up, he is fine. The first seizure is always a harrowing experience for parents, but no permanent damage results, and the baby will be fine.”7 In almost all cases, the convulsion occurs during the first day of the child’s illness and does not recur during the same illness. It is important to know what the child’s temperature is at the time of a convulsion, for this is the “threshold convulsion temperature”—the temperature that you want to avoid in future illnesses! One child might have a convulsion at 103°F, while another might be fine until 106°F. The great majority of

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infants and children never have a febrile seizure. If your child does have a febrile convulsion, Dr. Eden advises keeping calm, putting the child on his or her stomach, turning the head to one side, and making sure the mouth is empty. Once the seizure is over, you will want to start bringing down the temperature by giving the child a “sponge bath” with lukewarm water or by putting the child into a cool bath. The evaporation of the water causes the body to cool; however, if the water is too cold, shivering may occur, which increases muscular activity and raises the temperature. Dr. Eden then suggests having the illness diagnosed. He warns that “some doctors recommend that a child who has had a simple febrile seizure should be kept on daily doses of Phenobarbital for a period of two seizure-free years to help prevent any further trouble. If the child is under three years of age at the onset, these doctors recommend that Phenobarbital should be given until he is five years old. Most physicians do not agree with this approach, however.”

the lemon, and then squeeze it by pressing it against the bottom of the bowl. Roll up the cotton strips and soak them in the lemon water. Now, place a towel under each of your child's legs. Remove one of the strips from the water, squeeze hard, and begin wrapping the first leg starting at the foot and wrapping from the inside of the arch to the outside of the foot. Continue with additional wraps working all the way up to just above the knee. Be sure to cover the entire foot and leg, without leaving any gaps. Immediately wrap the towel up around the foot and leg to prevent too-rapid chilling. (If you do not have a towel handy, wrap a wool shawl or strips of wool fabric over the wet cotton strips.)

A familiar setting and

If your physician advises Phenobarbital for fever convulsions, seek a second lots of quiet time can opinion and research the matter yourself, rather than accepting a course of optimize the ability action on which even conventional physicians do not agree. My own experito regroup the inner ence with young children on Phenobarbital suggests that the drug’s forces needed to heal. effect is almost like a veil, keeping children from really being “present” in their bodies. As always, the decision and responsibility for your child rest with you. So, become informed of your options and the potential Repeat the entire process on the second leg, working careresults of various courses of action. fully but quickly. Immediately replace the covers. Leave the wraps on until the cotton strips dry. This may take about Drawing Out the Fever 20 to 25 minutes. If the fever is still high after half an hour, Several techniques are available that do not suppress fever repeat the procedure. but rather draw heat from the body. To help keep a fever In the absence of the materials described above, others will from becoming too high, doctors recommend giving the do. If cotton strips are unavailable when your child produces child plenty of fluids (such as water, tea, or juice), keeping a high fever, you can substitute a pair of adult cotton tube the child’s room relatively cool, and giving a sponge bath as socks or a pair of your own knee socks that can reach well mentioned above. Alcohol should not be used in a sponge up your child's legs. In lieu of towels, simply cover your bath for babies, because it is absorbed through the skin and 9 child's wrapped legs and feet with a blanket to prevent toocan cause neurological damage. rapid cooling. If you do not have a fresh lemon, try adding A lemon wrap. This technique, described in the useful book, vinegar to the water instead. Caring for the Sick at Home, is designed to draw heat away from the head and out the feet. It should be used only if Caring for a Sick Child the feet are very hot. Gather long strips of cotton cloth for More important than how you care for a sick child is that wrapping the legs. Then, cut a lemon in half and place it in you care for a sick child. Children need time and rest to fight a bowl of warm water. Reach into the water to make slits in


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off illness and to consolidate the physical and developmental changes that may be occurring. If given insufficient time to recuperate, their immune systems can weaken and become more prone to complications or future infections. Many busy mothers are so harried that they do not think to call everything to a halt so they can keep their sick child at home and attend to his or her needs; they do not think to get help with the shopping or driving of other children or managing the many errands that arise each day. Mothers who work away from home are often tempted to give antibiotics immediately (suppressing symptoms) so that their children can be back in school or daycare within 24 hours. Those who cannot use their own sick days to stay home with a sick child are expected to take their children to unfamiliar daycare “infirmaries.” Clearly, our culture is not set up to meet the needs of children and working parents. When a child is sick, one important principle must be kept in mind: the child needs reduced stimulation. A familiar setting and lots of quiet time can optimize the ability to regroup the inner forces needed to heal. This means quiet play, staying in bed if necessary, and eating lighter foods (usually less meat or egg, which most sick children desire less of instinctively). Television, because of the quality of stimulation it produces, is best avoided during an illness. The importance of home care for a sick child cannot be overestimated. But what can you do at home? For one thing, you can observe your child, both physically and intuitively. With infants, note how they hold their body when they cry, observe the breathing and the nature of the cough, and note the eyes and facial expression. Try to feel what is happening and whether your child is getting better or worse. All good pediatricians ask parents for their observations and intuitions about a sick child and take this information seriously. So be alert, and develop a relationship of trust with your child’s doctor, a feeling that you are both working toward healing of the whole person. Paracelsus, the renowned 16th-century healer, said, “Nature heals, the doctor nurses… Like each plant and metallic remedy, the doctor, too, must have a special virtue. He must be intimate with Nature. He must have the intuition which is necessary to understand the patient, his body, his disease. He must have the ‘feel’ and ‘touch’ which make it possible for him to be in sympathetic communication with the patient’s spirits.” As parents, we too must develop the intuition and powers of observation that will help us see our children as more than machines that require a quick fix. You can do much to help your child’s comfort and recovery at home. First, recognize the value of your care and love. All children, particularly when ill, need to be surrounded by warmth and love; but love and connectedness often tip the scales in the cases of seriously ill infants or premature babies. There is real healing power in love.

Next, look at your child’s surroundings. Putting the room in order, fluffing the pillows, and placing fresh flowers in a vase will enhance the impressions your child is taking in. Consider the air in the room and the amount of light coming through the curtains, and make adjustments that feel “right.” A bowl of water with a few aromatic drops of rosemary or other oil can add freshness to the air. Apply compresses and poultices, prepare special herbal teas, and offer therapeutic touch. If your child is well enough to sit up, try setting a straightbacked chair upside down at the head of the bed to make a backrest. And maybe make a small lap table out of a cardboard box. Once your child is nearly recovered and eager to do things, you can provide quiet activities. Coloring or playing with small figures in the covers is engaging yet not over-stimulating. If at all possible, do not send your child back to school or the usual routine until he or she has regained full strength. The old adage recommending one day of rest afterward for each day of fever is sound advice—even when your child is symptom-free. Children sometimes become ill because they need time to be quiet at home, time to “reorganize” before making the next developmental move forward. One boy in my kindergarten, for example, tested positive for strep throat but had no symptoms. By law, he was not allowed back in school until he had a negative throat culture. I had a sense that this particular child had gone through some “stretching” to be at kindergarten and to adapt to all the children and activity, and that he was telling us he had had enough for a while and needed 10 days at home with no discomfort! The health and vitality of our children are our responsibility. Our children will benefit as we learn to view childhood illnesses as a developmental necessity and to regard fever as a serious but essential strengthening process. We can assist in this process by reaching out to healthcare providers and integrating their expertise with our own. Healing is a joint effort, combining the child’s inherent immune response, sensitive diagnosis, careful monitoring, and therapeutic home care. References available for review at: This article was excerpted and adapted with permission from a prepublication copy of You Are Your Child’s First Teacher (Berkeley, CA: Celestial Arts). Copyright © 1989 by Rahima Baldwin. Reprinted with permission by the author. Please visit Waldorf in the Home: for additional articles.

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nutritional nuggets By Dr. Joseph Mercola with Rachael Droege

The Real Dangers of Soda to You and Your Children How many sodas have you had today? How about your kids? The average American drinks an estimated 56 gallons of soft drinks each year, but before you grab that next can of soda, consider this: one can of soda has about 10 teaspoons of sugar, 150 calories, 30 to 55 mg of caffeine, and is loaded with artificial food colors and sulphites. This is an alarming amount of sugar, calories and harmful additives in a product that has absolutely no nutritional value. Plus, studies have linked soda to osteoporosis, obesity, tooth decay and heart disease. Despite this, soda accounts for more than one-quarter of all drinks consumed in the United States. Teenagers and children, who many soft drinks are marketed toward, are among the largest consumers. In the past 10 years, soft drink consumption among children has almost doubled in the United States. Teenage boys now drink, on average, three or more cans of soda per day, and 10 percent drink seven or more cans a day. The average for teenage girls is more than two cans a day, and 10 percent drink more than five cans a day. While these numbers may sound high, they’re not surprising considering that most school hallways are lined with vending machines that sell, of course, soft drinks. It’s not uncommon for schools to make marketing deals with leading soft drink companies such as Coca-Cola from which they receive commissions—based on a percentage of sales at each school—and sometimes a lump-sum payment. The revenues are used for various academic and after-school activities, but what activity could be worth devastating the students’ health, which is exactly what consuming all that soda is doing? Getting rid of vending machines in schools— or replacing their contents with pure water and healthy snacks—could make a big difference, as vending machines can increase the consumption of sweetened beverages by up to 50 or more cans of soda per student per year. Let’s take a look at some of the major components of a can of soda: •


Phosphoric Acid: May interfere with the body’s ability to use calcium, which can lead to osteoporosis or softening

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of the teeth and bones. Phosphoric acid also neutralizes the hydrochloric acid in your stomach, which can interfere with digestion, making it difficult to utilize nutrients. •

Sugar: Soft drink manufacturers are the largest single user of refined sugar in the United States. It is a proven fact that sugar increases insulin levels, which can lead to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, diabetes, weight gain, premature aging and many more negative side effects. Most sodas include over 100 percent of the RDA of sugar.

Aspartame: This chemical is used as a sugar substitute in diet soda. There are over 92 different health side effects associated with aspartame consumption including brain tumors, birth defects, diabetes, emotional disorders and epilepsy/seizures. Further, when aspartame is stored for long periods of time or kept in warm areas it changes to methanol, an alcohol that converts to formaldehyde and formic acid, which are known carcinogens.

Caffeine: Caffeinated drinks cause jitters, insomnia, high blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, elevated blood cholesterol levels, vitamin and mineral depletion, breast lumps, birth defects, and perhaps some forms of cancer.

Tap Water: I recommend that everyone avoid drinking tap water because it can carry any number of chemicals including chlorine, trihalomethanes, lead, cadmium, and various organic pollutants. Tap water is the main ingredient in bottled soft drinks.

Soda is one of the main reasons, nutritionally speaking, why many people suffer health problems. Aside from the negative effects of the soda itself, drinking a lot of soda is likely to leave you with little appetite for vegetables, protein and other food that your body needs.

If you are still drinking soda, stopping the habit is an easy way to improve your health. Pure water is a much better choice. If you must drink a carbonated beverage, try sparkling mineral water. © Copyright 2005, Dr. Joseph Mercola. All Rights Reserved. Reprinted with permission. Please visit Dr Mercola’s site for additional information and to subscribe to his free Natural Health Newsletter:

Soda Causing Nutritional Deficiencies Children and adolescents who drink soda may be depriving themselves of several important vitamins and minerals, results of a new survey suggest. The researchers note that soda consumption among children and adolescents rose 41% between 1989–1991 and 1994–1995, mostly displacing milk and juice, the leading sources of many vitamins and minerals in the American diet. The results are based on data from more than 4,000 children aged 2 to 17 years. Among children aged 2 to 5: • • •

75% drank milk 53% drank juice 34% drank soda

In those aged 12 to 17: • • •

63% of boys and 49% of girls drank milk 34% drank juice 68% of boys and 63% of girls drank soda

Soda drinkers were less likely to get the recommended levels of: • • •

vitamin A calcium magnesium

Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine November, 2000; 154: 1148-1152

Try an alternative to soda such as pure water or sparkling mineral water. You’ll save more than just calories.

Media Review: What Babies Want: An exploration of the consciousness of infants on DVD Narrated by Noah Wyle, What Babies Want is a documentary that revolutionizes how we perceive the beginning of life. The documentary vividly illustrates the effects that environment and early experiences have on a baby’s physical and mental health, and how those experiences reverberate into adulthood and affect our society and culture as well. Through the insights of early development experts, case studies, and multicultural customs we come to learn not only What Babies Want, but what people want and need. The film What Babies Want makes a social statement. Although this documentary is filled with information about the consciousness of infants, it also shows how what happens to us as infants is reflected throughout our lives. As Joseph Chilton Pearce says, we have an opportunity to put an end to violence just in the way that we treat our mothers and infants during the pregnancy and first 3 years of that infant’s life. Research into bioneurology is converging with research into the field of psychology. What this means is that we finally have scientific evidence that the brain and in fact the entire body of the infant forms, develops and grows in response to the environment. If the environment is hostile the person forms in a defensive way and develops a defensive hypervigilant nervous system and endocrine system so that it can survive the environment it finds itself in.

Baby Matters: What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Caring for Your Baby by Linda Folden-Palmer, D.C. The absolute necessity to complete your parenting library, this book is an informative resource for you to make health care choices for your family. Written by Dr. Linda Folden-Palmer, chiropractor, this book provides practical, documented information.


Order by calling 1-800-670-5437

If the environment is loving then the person has the opportunity to form and develop a more flexible and creatively open nervous system. To quote Joe Pearce again, at every developmental point, the infant asks, “Can we go for more intelligence, or do we have to defend ourselves again?” We believe that the way we bring our babies into the world from preconception on, makes a huge difference in the way they will be able to access their authentic selves. If a person is met with love and is acknowledged as a person with legitimate feelings and needs, that person will be able to respond with a sense of good self-esteem, and an ability to care for self and others.

Debby Takikawa, Director, graduated from Life Chiropractic College in 1985, and practiced family chiropractic with an emphasis on infant attachment issues for 18 years. In 2000 Debby founded the non-profit organization, Beginnings Inc., A Resource Center for Children and Families, in order to further her work with infants and educate others. She also set out on a project to make a short educational video to help families understand the issues involved with infant relationship development. Four years later she has produced and directed not a short educational video, but rather a film of great power and consequence. Debby states, “I started out on a little walk and ended up in a spellbinding flight into the human psyche.” Read more at:

chiropractic for life Keith Wassung

Chir practic & Athletes Athletes have been benefiting from Chiropractic care for many years; however, it has only recently been receiving attention from the media. Athletes of all types, from the weekend warrior to the world-class athlete, utilize Chiropractic because it is a drug-free way to better health and performance. Chiropractic adjustments help ensure that the body functions as efficiently as possible, which can maximize healing and recovery from all types of injuries. “I would estimate that in excess of 90% of all world-class athletes use Chiropractic care to prevent injuries and to increase their performance potential.” Sean Atkins, PhD, Exercise Physiologist The science of Chiropractic is founded on the premise that a proper nerve supply is essential to controlling and regulating the functioning of the human body. The nervous system controls every activity in the body by sending and receiving nerve messages and is protected by the bones of the spine called vertebrae. When the spine is in its optimal structural position, the nerves are protected and optimal communication exists between the central nervous system and the rest of the body. The vertebra of the spine are susceptible to certain stresses and forces, which can cause them to lose their proper position. These minor misalignments of the spine, which are known as “vertebral subluxations,” cause nerve interference and weaken the entire structure of the spine. Athletic training can often jar and misalign the spinal column, because the spine is at the center of the body. Impact to the legs, feet, head, shoulders and torso often radiates to the spine. Doctors of Chiropractic detect and correct vertebral subluxations by physically adjusting the spine. This restores the spine and nervous system to a more optimal level of function, which maximizes the body’s performance and healing potential. Anyone who engages in athletics can benefit from regular Chiropractic checkups to ensure that their spine is balanced and free from structural stress and subluxations. When the spinal column is brought into balance and alignment, the body’s nervous

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More sports-related non-fatal injuries are treated in hospital emergency departments than any other type of unintentional injury. Standard medical procedures may be necessary when an athlete is injured. Traditional medical professionals specialize in the management and care of fractures, dislocations, lacerations and damaged tendons and ligaments. However, many athletes leave the hospital with as much spinal stress (subluxations) as they were suffering from when they entered.

system and body biomechanics (movement and posture) are maximized. “Changes in the optimal spinal position produce spinal pathologies and loss of function. Spinal pathologies destroy joint reflexes, arc fibers and cause nerve impedance.” 2 “Postural strength and coordination are essential for injury prevention and sports performance.” 3 Thomas Harris, MD, The Sports Medicine Guide

“Posture affects and moderates every physiological function, from breathing to nervous system function, and despite the considerable evidence that posture affects physiology and function, the significant influence of posture on health is not addressed by most physicians.” 4

Doctors of Chiropractic focus on the entire structure of the body rather than just the obviously injured part. For this reason, they can often detect and help to prevent an injury that might normally be overlooked or ignored. Because Doctors of Chiropractic are experts in the field of human biomechanics, they are very aware of proper posture and movement. By observing an athlete in action, a Chiropractor can often detect and prevent a structural problem that can lead to injury or poor performance. Athletic injuries are often caused by improper biomechanics or muscle imbalances within the spine. “Chiropractic has helped thousands of athletes, professional and amateur, overcome an injury without resorting to surgery.” 9


American Journal of Pain Management

Chiropractic’s focus on the nervous system and postural biomechanics allows the body to function properly and to heal itself. The healing process always occurs from within the body, but research has shown that Chiropractic has an amazing potential to assist the body in the recovery process. “The quality of healing is directly proportional to the functional capability of the nervous system to send and receive nerve messages.” 8 Journal of Neurological Science

Athletes have also discovered that Chiropractic care allows them to achieve an optimal level of performance when training and competing in their respective sporting event. A proper biomechanical structure allows athletes to achieve and maintain their optimal level of performance—safely and naturally. There is a growing body of research and case studies which clearly show the relationship between Chiropractic care and athletic performance. A Canadian research team included Chiropractic care in the rehabilitation

program of sixteen injured female long distance runners. Not only did these runners recover quickly, seven of them actually scored “personal best” performances while under Chiropractic care.10 The extent of Chiropractic’s “winning edge” was tested on fifty athletes who were divided into a control group and a group which added Chiropractic care to their usual training procedures. After six weeks, the group under Chiropractic care scored significantly better on standard tests of athletic ability. When tested on their reaction time, the control group demonstrated less than one percent improvement, while the Chiropractic group achieved reaction times more than eighteen percent faster than their initial scores.11 A landmark research effort from the New Zealand School of Chiropractic and the University of Auckland, has evaluated the effects Chiropractic adjustments may have on reaction times. Two groups were tested to study variations in reaction times: one group received spinal adjustments, while the other group, only receiving a short period of rest, acted as a control group for comparison. There was a marked improvement for the group that received an adjustment over the group that got nothing but rest. The group that got only a rest period did show an average decrease in reaction time: 58 milliseconds, an 8% faster reaction time. The group that received the Chiropractic adjustment showed a decrease in reaction time of 97 milliseconds, representing a 14.8% faster reaction time.12 The implications for these findings are far reaching for any activity in the “game of life,” and the data can objectively support anecdotal evidence of enhanced athletic performance under Chiropractic care. The ability to react more quickly to any of the demands life can impose provides added performance enhancement benefits for athletes, who continued on page 45


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The following is just a partial list of athletes who use Chiropractic care: Joe Montana Roger Craig Keith Jackson Emmit Smith Chris Carter Evander Holyfield Sugar Ray Leonard Roy Jones, Jr. Wade Boggs Penny Hardaway Jon Smoltz Ken Griffey, Jr. Mark McGwire Ryne Sandberg

Ricky Bell Brett Butler Dominique Wilkins Michael Jordan Scottie Pippin Charles Barkley John Stockton Robert Parish Gerald Wilkins Lee Haney Arnold Schwarzenegger Dr. Frank Columbu Irving Fryar Brett Hall

Tiger Woods Roberto Clemente Michael Carbajol Bob Hayes Muhammad Ali Ed “Too Tall” Jones Alex Karras Gary Clark Mark May Charles Haley Bill Fralic Dan Marino Warren Moon Tim Dwight Jack Dempsey Fred Funk Beth Daniel Mary Lou Retton

Olga Korbut Wayne Gretzky Rocky Marciano Dan O’Brien Bruce Jenner Donovan Bailey Mac Wilkins Dwight Stones Mary Decker Willie Banks Nancy Ditz Gregg Blasingame Billy Jean King Tracy Austin John McEnroe Ivan Lendl Jim Connors Jan Stephenson

Top Athletes Utilize Chiropractic Care for Better Performance “Athletes are always looking for ways to improve their performances on the field; Chiropractic is one of the best ways to accomplish this.”

helps my performance. The majority of boxers go to Chiropractors to get that extra edge.” Evander Holyfield, Heavyweight Boxing Champion

Dr. Nick Athens, Team DC, San Francisco 49ers “I definitely try to get on a basis where I use Chiropractic at least twice a week. I would definitely say that it helps me to perform at a higher level.” Emmit Smith, Dallas Cowboys

31 percent of NFL teams use chiropractors in an official capacity as part of their staffs and a full 77 percent of the trainers have referred a player to a chiropractor for evaluation or treatment. A survey of certified NFL trainers revealed that 100 percent of them agree that players will use Chiropractic care without referral from the team medical staff.

“My shooting has improved because of Chiropractic. I feel more balanced and have more coordination and control. Since I have been under Chiropractic care, I have improved by leaps and bounds.”

“You obviously cannot compete at your fullest if you are not in alignment and your body cannot heal itself properly if your spine is not in alignment.”

Gerald Wilkins, New York Knicks

Dan O’Brien, Olympic Decathlete

“Chiropractic is essential for running. If I could put a percentage value on it, I would say that I compete 8-10% better from regular Chiropractic care.”

“Chiropractic has really helped me to keep my body in line to help my body recover.” Chris Carter, Minnesota Vikings

Dan O’Brien, Olympic Decathlete “Chiropractic helps athletes win without pain and aids in enhancing performance naturally.”

“Chiropractic has helped keep me injury free—that is half the trick to staying in competition.” Lee Labrada, Mr. Universe

Tonya Knight, Professional Bodybuilder “I have to have an adjustment before I go into the ring. I found that going to a chiropractor three times a week

“The best way to use Chiropractic is not only after injuries, but before they occur.” Arnold Schwarzenegger, 7 time Mr. Olympia

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p r e g n a n c y m at t e r s

A Timely Birth [part three] Lactobacilli inhibit the growth of Mobiluncus, Gardnerella vaginalis, Bacteroides and anaerobic cocci even in a Petri dish.(11) Colonizing (or recolonizing) with Lactobacilli is key to vaginal health. According to Skarin and Sylvan, “The paucity of vaginal Lactobacilli is pivotal in allowing overgrowth of many other organisms of the vagina.”(12) Lactobacilli grow best in an acidic environment. A healthy vagina is acidic and naturally resists infection by “bad” bacteria—including strep.

by Gail Hart

Bacterial Vaginosis Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) has been associated with a two or three times increased rate of preterm labor and delivery, urinary tract infections (UTIs), premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) and endometritis.(10) Because about 50% of women show no symptoms, universal screening for BV was proposed over a decade ago. (Screening and treatment is a current World Health Organization recommendation.) Screening is simple and there are several effective prescription treatments. But BV has a tendency to recur and is sometimes resistant to chemical treatment. However, women may be able to discourage BV with some simple home methods. Numerous studies have shown that when natural vaginal Lactobacilli levels drop, BV invades.


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In fact, pH alone—the acid/alkaline level measured by nitrazine or litmus paper—is a marker for prematurity risk. Retrospective and prospective studies show that high vaginal pH (a low acid, or alkaline, state) is predictive of preterm labor and preterm rupture of membranes. Viehweg, et al. state: “Measurements of the vaginal pH value are able to verify an alkalization of the vagina caused by atypical vaginal flora…In contrast to normal pregnancies there is a relation between a pathological pH value > 4.5 and consequent preterm birth in pregnancies with preterm labor.”(13) In the Multicenter Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) Trial—a prospective study—21,554 women were screened for vaginal pH and outcome. Women with a vaginal pH of 5.0 or greater had a significantly increased risk of preterm birth and/or low birth weight.(14) Several alkaline organisms other than Gardnerella (BV) are implicated in PROM. Women with high levels of these alkaline-producing bacteria had over 300% increases in rate of PROM. In an article on pPROM, Ernest, et al. note: “Numerous infectious organisms that change the normal vaginal milieu have been associated with preterm

PROM. Because these organisms alter vaginal pH, the use of pH was evaluated as a potential marker for women at increased risk for preterm PROM… Those with a mean vaginal pH above 4.5 had a three-fold increased risk of preterm PROM as compared with those with a mean pH of 4.5 or lower.”(15) Testing pH level is simple, fast, inexpensive and non-intrusive. Women can do it themselves by touching a strip of nitrazine paper to their vaginal walls. Nitrazine or litmus paper is available at most drug stores. The urine test strips used by most midwives also assess pH.

Cultivating Good Bacteria How can a woman GET an acidic vagina? The old time vinegar douche is an acidic wash and effective treatment for BV and yeast. Vinegar’s mild cleansing action is stronger against undesirable bacteria than against Lactobacilli, and it has a short residual effect, which helps encourage rapid regrowth of Lactobacilli. (In pregnancy, a woman should seek her caregiver’s advice and use only a low-pressure, low-level douche.) An infusion of two tablespoons of hydrogen peroxide kills BV and helps Lactobacilli colonize. But recent research shows that Lactobacilli themselves are the source of most of the acid produced in a healthy vagina! They create their own optimum growth pH. “Lactobacilli bacteria, not epithelial cells, are the primary source of lactic acid in the vagina,” according to an article in Human Reproduction(16) So…a woman can get an acidic vagina by GROWING the Lactobacilli. How? By planting them—just like any good gardener!

Researchers are working on a twopronged approach to using Lactobacilli as a natural antibiotic. Some are trying to analyze, isolate and replicate the effective ingredient, while others are working on methods to establish optimum vaginal growth. Pharmaceutical companies want to create a Lactobacilli super pill, but I think we women should do our own home gardening!

Yogurt—Vaginal Application Many methods have been advised for colonizing the vagina directly. Wearing a tampon soaked in yogurt is an old folk remedy used for yeast infections (it works!). The yogurt can be used like a cream gently squeezed in with a bulb syringe. Many strains of Lactobacilli exist. You can purchase acidophilus compounds and special “probiotics” at some pharmacies and most health food stores. But good yogurt contains live cultures, is readily available, inexpensive and proven to be effective. In the Tasdemir study, pregnant women with bacterial vaginosis were treated with commercial yogurt. The yogurt was administered daily with a 10 ml syringe for seven days and then was repeated after a one-week interval. All the women showed clinical improvement on the third day of treatment. A month after the second treatment, 90% of the women had no signs or symptoms of bacterial vaginosis. The researchers concluded: “Commercially available yogurt may restore the microenvironment and pH of the vagina,” cure BV and “prevent prematurity.”(17) In another study, from Japan, women with BV were treated with intravaginal application of 5 ml of commercial yogurt. In the initial cultures, 29 strains of bacteria were detected. The women were evaluated and recultured three days later. There was significant decrease in discharge and vaginal redness, and the vaginal pH was lowered significantly (acidified). All 14 strains of Gram-negative bacteria disappeared! The researchers concluded that “the

Lactobacilli therapy was effective in both clinical and bacteriological responses.” (18) In other words, improvement occurred in both the SYMPTOMS and the cultures.

Yogurt—Oral Introduction But yogurt doesn’t need to be planted directly into the vagina, in order to grow there. Several studies have shown that simply EATING it will result in increased vaginal Lactobacilli! The Lactobacilli colonize the intestinal tract and migrate to the vagina and urinary tract system. (Urinary tract infection is also risk factors for preterm labor and newborn infections.) Researchers say: “The installation of Lactobacillus GR-1 and B-54 or RC-14 strains into the vagina has been shown to reduce the risk of urinary tract infection and improve the maintenance of normal flora. Ingestion of these strains in to the gut has also been shown to modify the vaginal flora to a more healthy state. In addition, these strains inhibit the growth of intestinal, as well as urogenital, pathogens, colonize the gut and protect against infections.”(19) In one study, ten women with a history of BV, yeast and urinary infections, drank a Lactobacilli solution in milk twice daily. The Lactobacilli were molecularly typed for identity. One week later, the researchers were able to culture the tagged Lactobacilli from the vaginas of every participant. (And six of the cases of BV were resolved within the week.) This is one of several studies that have been proven that the oral route can seed the vagina.(20) Of course, the quality of the yogurt is crucial. If it doesn’t contain live cultures, it’s useless! Make sure it’s really yogurt and not simply a form of milk pudding! These once-alternative ideas have become mainstream. The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology published an article in March 2003 stating, “Certain Lactobacilli strains can safely colonize the vagina after oral and vaginal administration,

displace and kill pathogens including Gardnerella vaginalis and Escherichia coli and modulate the immune system response to interfere with the inflammatory cascade that leads to Pre-term Birth.”(21) In sum, cultivating a healthy vaginal “floriculture” can reduce the incidence of preterm birth and lower the rate of bladder infection and UTIs.(22) A healthy colony of Lactobacilli guards the mother and baby against yeast and E. coli infections.(23) It also may offer protection against Group B Strep. Adding live-culture yogurt to the diet—or treating with “probiotics”—is an effective natural method to treat sub-clinical vaginal infections. It can also treat intestinal infections, which may trigger preterm birth. I agree with the conclusion of these researchers: “The lack of systemic side effects makes it a drug of choice in the treatment of pregnant women.” No magic pill exists to assure a timely birth—a baby is born at its healthiest point in gestation, neither too soon nor too late. Born ready to breathe, eager to nurse, primed to learn and love. Good health, good nutrition, good living habits and the avoidance of stress go far to ensure the baby will thrive until his birth date. As we learn more about normal pregnancy, we gain new tools to help both mother and baby achieve optimum health. This new research may help tip the balance in favor of better health—and a timely birth. References available for review at:

Excerpted from “A Timely Birth,” by Gail Hart, Midwifery Today Issue 72 Copyright ©2004, Midwifery Today, Inc. All rights reserved. Reprinted with permission from Midwifery Today, Winter 2004, No. 72. Phone + 1 541 344 7438


Homebirth A Mainstream Alternative By Kelly Olmstead For many people, the term “homebirth” conjures images of earth mammas in handmade dresses with flowers in their hair. No offense, but I prefer Calvin Klein for my attire and professional highlights in my hair. When preparing for my first birth, I read best-selling pregnancy books, doctor’s handouts and parenting magazines, and I took the hospital birthing class. I was good to go. At 39 weeks, my partner and I opted for the elective induction my doctor offered. I was given cervical ripening gel, an IV, Pitocin and continuous monitoring in bed. Contractions became unbearable. Breathe through them? What kind of cruel joke was that? All our preparation went flying out the window. I got Stadol. I felt drunk. I got an epidural. I slept. I watched television. I saw my doctor for 4 minutes of my labor.


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I was coached during pushing like I was trying to win a wrestling match. Forty-five minutes and a catheter and episiotomy later, I gave birth to our daughter. We were thrilled! Our second daughter’s birth was much the same, but included, among its cast, a surly on-call doctor who refused to let me watch the birth in a mirror. Even so, we were thrilled. After this birth, I was searching for nursing clothes online. I happened upon a small discussion board with a bunch of bright, funny women. We discussed current events, nursing, books, motherhood, home decorating, politics…the works. As happens when you get moms talking, birth stories were shared. Many of these women had given birth not only without medication, but at home. I thought they must be insane. Still, I was intrigued by the way they described their births; they were so different from mine. For them, the birth wasn’t just a means to an end, but an event worth fully experiencing. Come

again? My goal was just to get through it with a healthy baby. But these women said homebirth was as safe as hospital birth for most moms-to-be. Nowhere had I heard or read this before. Or had I not been paying attention? I did my own research, venturing past Borders’ pregnancy book recommendations. And yep, a planned, attended homebirth would be even safer for me than a hospital birth since I was lowrisk and had already had two babies. I read about the cascade of interventions typical in hospital births, where each intervention adds risks and increases the need for more intervention. It was an “Aha!” moment for me.

Laboring at home with candles and soft music rather than fluorescent lights and beeping machines, I moved freely as my midwife followed me to listen to the baby. Her assistant rubbed my back, whispered in my ear, brought me water, acknowledged how much contractions hurt. I was comfortable being loud, being sad, being scared. I was made to feel that my body was beautiful in labor. And I could feel everything! Amazingly, it was worth the pain. I’d read that when you don’t block labor pain with medication, your body produces endorphins that cause an intense “runner’s high.” It does! At my son’s

Laboring at home with candles and soft music rather than fluorescent lights and beeping machines, I moved freely as my midwife followed me to listen to the baby. Pregnant with our third child but still leery, my partner and I met with a certified nurse midwife. She addressed our “what ifs” and explained that she brings nearly “a Level 1 hospital delivery room” to each birth. She said that a midwife, with you through your entire labor, is trained to catch potential complications and correct them early on. She confirmed that leaving Mother Nature alone if possible means a much-reduced chance of complications and that some homebirths do transport to the hospital, but rarely due to emergency. We came away confident that this was the right choice for us. Hour-long prenatal visits helped me explore my hopes and fears as my midwife and I got to know one another deeply. I charted my own weight, protein and sugar. I even did my own group B strep swab. As unpleasant as those are, at least I wasn’t in stirrups for it.

birth, I experienced exhilaration one hundred times more powerful than what I had felt at my other children’s births. And I’d been damn exhilarated then. The real shocker was how much better this birth was for my son. Besides not having any contraction-inducing drugs or pain relievers in his system, he was born into a warm, dim, quiet environment and place naked and slippery on my body. It was a holy time. He didn’t leave my arms for a full hour. He wasn’t weighed or given a shot or eyedrops until he had nursed and was sleepy. In the meantime, my midwife cleaned up. Giving birth this way opened my eyes to an inner strength as a woman. I wish I had known this before my other births. Still, as changed as I am by my homebirth, I didn’t trade my minivan for a VW bus or start wearing dreadlocks. I am, however, most definitely due for a trip to the salon.


Cost Benefits of Breastfeeding Karen M. Zeretzke, MEd, IBCLC

Asked at a Blue Cross/Blue Shield health care cost containment in Minot, North Dakota: “What helps reduce the incidence of ear and respiratory infections, intestinal disease, pneumonia, meningitis, Crohn’s disease, colitis, diabetes, childhood cancers, allergies, constipation, urinary tract infections, tooth decay and obesity? It also increases intelligence and reduces the incidence of breast cancer for the mother.” No one knew the answer was breastfeeding… Today I would add that breastfeeding reduces ovarian and cervical cancer, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, bacterial and viral infections of all types and increases visual acuity, optimal neurological and social and oral development, as well as saves money for health care providers and families.


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Cost Benefits of Breastfeeding Medical costs for breastfed infants were ~$200 less per child for the first 12 months of life than those for formula-fed infants; extrapolating this to the Healthy People 2000 goal of 50% of infants breastfed could save this HMO up to $140,000 annually. This study included office visits, drug prescriptions and hospitalizations (Hoey and Ware, 1997). Infant diarrhea in non-breastfed infants costs $291.3 million in annual health care costs. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) costs $225 million in annual health care costs. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus costs from $9.6 to $124.8 million in annual health care costs. Otitis media costs $660 million in annual health care costs. total annual cost of not breastfeeding:

$1.186 to $1.301 billion

THE MOTHER SHORT-TERM BENEFITS Pitocin, usually administered to newly postpartum mothers to prevent hemorrhage, costs about $4.49/patient for supplies: ($0.84 18 French angiocath; $1.40 IV tubing; $0.76 saline IV fluid; $0.30 one ampule pitocin; $1.10 syringe). Babies breastfed immediately postpartum make this process unnecessary, saving $4.49/patient x ?? patients/year = LONG-TERM BENEFITS

Additionally, formula provided by WIC program to non-breastfeeding mothers costs $2,665,715 annually. (Riordan, 1997) Increasing breastfeeding in Australia could add A$3.4 billion to the national food output (equal to an extra 0.7% of the GNP). (Smith, 1997) • • • • • •

Reduction in childhood cancer saves $10 million Reduction in childhood diarrhea $100 million Reduction in ear infections $500 million Reduction in tympanosomies $500 million Reduction in juvenile onset diabetes $2.6 billion Reduction in hospitalization for RSV $225 million

total conservative estimate of cost savings nationally for 1 year:

$4.18 billion (Lee, 1997) • • • •

Cost savings in disease: $3.689 billion Cost savings in health expenditures: $3.96 billion Cost savings in household expenses: $2.835 billion Breastfeeding Support costs (1 LC/1000; additional training; direct support): $360 million

Cost/benefit ratio of 0.7—over $1 billion would be saved by providing Lactation Consultant Support (Labbok, 1995) Annual reduction in Maternal Medicals at delivery (Philadelphia-based): $91,650. Annual reduction in premenopausal cancer: $202 million. Annual reduction in domestic violence: $42.5 million. (Lee, 1997) Overall estimated savings of $459–$808 per family enrolled in four social service programs: Medi-Cal, WIC, AFDC, Food Stamps. (Tuttle and Dewey 1996) Overall estimated savings of $112 for the first six months of life per infant enrolled in Medicaid; pharmacy coasts were one-half the amount of formulafed infants—infants were breastfed exclusively for a minimum of three months. (Montgomery and Splett 1997) Overall a minimum of A$115 million could be saved/year in Australia by increasing breastfeeding rates to 80% at three months calculating savings only in otitis media, IDDM, gastrointestinal illness and eczema. (Drane 1997)

Breast Cancer Treatment of breast cancer is approximately $30,000 annually/ patient. Breastfeeding reduces the incidence of breast cancer. (Lee 1997) Diabetes Breastfeeding reduces a diabetic mother’s need for insulin and a two-fold reduction or delay in the onset of subsequent diabetes for a gestational diabetic. Treatment of diabetes takes one of every $7 of health care dollars, and costs the US $130 billion annually. This is for direct treatment and does not factor in the high incidence of kidney disease, peripheral vascular disease and blindness which accompany diabetes. Emotional Stability Oxytocin, a hormone released each time a mother breastfeeds, decreases blood pressure, stress hormone level and calms the mother. A 38-fold difference in the frequency of domestic violence and sexual abuse was found between the group that breastfed and the group which did not. (Acheston 1995) Infertility Breastfed women were 25% less likely to have hyperprolactinemia, galactorrhea and menstrual disturbances according to Dr. Shafig Rahimova. He also feels that males not breastfed are at greater risk of developing genito-urinary difficulties. Ovarian and Endometrial Cancer A WHO Collaborative Study found the relative risk of endometrial cancer decreased significantly with increased duration of breastfeeding; women whose lifetime lactation was 72 months or greater had the greatest

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protection. Those breastfeeding for less than one year did not accrue this benefit. (Rosenblatt, 1995) Lactation has a preventative effect on ovarian cancer; the ACS estimates 26,888 new cases of ovarian cancer will be diagnosed this year. For every 1.6 women who did not lactate, only one woman who did developed ovarian cancer. (Gwinn, 1990) Osteoporosis Lactating protects women against osteoporosis; not breastfeeding is a risk factor in its development. Bone mineral density decreases during lactation but after weaning showed higher bone mineral density than those who did not breastfeed. A mother’s bone mineral density increases with each child breastfed; lumbar spine density increased 1.5% per child breastfed. Thus a decrease in the risk of a fracture of the hip, vertebrae, humerus or pelvis. (Kalwart and Specker 1995; Hreschyshyn 1988) In 1983 osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures cost an estimated $6.1 billion; an adult white woman who lives to the age of 80 has a 15% lifetime risk of a hip fracture. (Cummings 1985) Rheumatoid Arthritis In Norway, 63,090 women with rheumatoid arthritis were followed for 28 years. The total time of lactation was associated with reduced mortality; the protective effects of breastfeeding appear dose related. (Brun 1995) Weight Loss During the first year postpartum, lactating women lose an average of 2 kg more than nonbreastfeeding women, with no return of weight once weaning occurs. The impact of overweight impacts health by increasing chances of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. (Dewey 1993)

THE BABY SHORT-TERM (UP TO ONE YEAR) Allergies Allergy protection is one of the most frequently cited reasons mothers choose to breastfeed. Premature infants are also protected from allergies; breastfed preemies had less than one-third of the allergies, particularly atopic disease, in the first 18 months of life. (Lucas 1990) There has not been a documented case of anaphylaxis to human milk. (Baylor, 1991; Ellis 1991) Estimated treatment cost of allergy diagnosis and treatment is $400; acute reaction treatment costs about $80-100 per episode. (Hoey at 1996 ILCA Conference) Anemia Piscante 1995 reports that “none of the infants who were exclusively breastfed for 7 months or more…were anemic.”

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one-fifth to one-third less likely to die of SIDS.

Communicable Childhood Diseases Antibody response to oral and parenteral vaccines is higher in the breastfed infant. Formula feeding, particularly soy formula, may interfere with the immunization process. (Zoppie 1989; Hahn-Soric 1990)

Breastfed infants are protected against salmonellosis; breastfed infants are one-fifth less likely to develop this. (Stigman-Grant 1995) Breastfed babies are also protected from giardiasis. (Nayak 1987)

Death Breastfeeding protects against sudden death from botulism. In one study, all of the infants who died were not breastfed. (Arnon 1982)

Gastrointestinal Disease Children with acute appendicitis are less likely to have been breastfed for a prolonged time. (Piscante 1995)

Globally, breastfeeding has been identified as one element of protection against SIDS. (Mitchell, 1991) One study identified the risk of SIDS increasing by 1.19 for every month the infant is not breastfed. (McKenna 1995) Breastfed infants are one-fifth to onethird less likely to die of SIDS. SIDS is a leading cause of US infant death, impacting nearly 7,000 families per year. (Goyco 1990)

Breastfeeding may reduce the risk of pyloric stenosis. (Habbick, 1989)

Diarrhea Breastfeeding for 13 weeks has been shown to reduce the rate of vomiting and diarrhea by one-third and reduce the rate of hospital admissions from GI diseases. (Howie 1990)


Breastfed infants are

Hospitalization Breastfed infants are less likely to be hospitalized if they become ill and were hospitalized for respiratory infections less than half as much as formula-fed infants. (Chen 1988) Cunningham 1986 reports that formula-fed infants are 10-15 times more likely to become hospitalized when ill. Breastfed babies are half as likely to be hospitalized for RSV infections; in 1993 about 90,000 babies with RSV were admitted to hospitals at a cost of about $450 million. (Riordan, 1997)

Breastfeeding reduced re-hospitalizations in very low birth weight babies. (Malloy 1993)

Breastfed babies were less than half as likely to be hospitalized with pneumonia or bronchiolitis.

In a Honolulu hospital, readmission rates were reduced 90% following the initiation of a lactation program. The drop was seen in dehydration, hyperbilirubinemia and infection. (Lee, 1997) Necrotizing Enterocolitis Premature infants fed their own mother’s milk or banked human milk were one-sixth to one-tenth as likely to develop NEC, which is potentially fatal. The incidence of NEC in breastfed infants is 0.012; in formula-fed infants it is .072. In Australia, one study has calculated that 83% of NEC cases may be attributed to lack of breastfeeding. (Drane 1997) NEC adds between one and four weeks to the NICU hospital stay of a preemie. At a cost of $2000/day, this translates to $14,000 to $120,000 per infant. (Lee 1997) Even when infants survive NEC, the disease can leave life-long costs via the development of short-gut syndrome and chronic malabsorption syndromes. A Pennsylvania physician has estimated the cost of one year’s at-home IV nutritional support treatment for a child with chronic malabsorption to be $50–100,000. (Lee 1997) Otitis Media Conservative estimates of savings for this disease alone range from one-half to two-thirds of a billion dollars if women were to breastfeed for 4 months. The savings estimate for Ohio if half of the mothers on WIC were to breastfeed was $1 million. (Riordan, 1997) Based on these figures, health care provider agencies could, conservatively, save two-thirds of what it spends to treat otitis media.

Respiratory Infections Breastfeeding protects against respiratory infections, including those caused by rotaviruses and respiratory syncytial viruses. (Grover 1997) Breastfed babies were less than half as likely to be hospitalized with pneumonia or bronchiolitis. (Pisacane 1994) Breastfed infants had one-fifth the lower respiratory tract infections when compared to formula-fed infants. (Cunningham 1988) Sepsis Infants receiving human milk while patients in the intensive care nursery were half as likely to develop sepsis, a reason for increased length of hospital stays and provider expenditure. (El-Mohandes 1997) Urinary Tract Infections Breastfeeding protects babies against UTIs and subsequent hospitalization. (Pisacane 1992) LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF BREASTFEEDING Breastfeeding prevents or lessens the severity of the following conditions. • • • • • • • • •

Allergies Asthma Childhood Cancer Diabetes Gastrointestinal Disease Heart Disease Inguinal Hernia Multiple Sclerosis Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

References available for review at:

Karen M. Zeretzke, MEd, IBCLC lives in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and can be reached at:

More than one million tympanosomies are performed yearly in the US at a cost of $2 million. By reducing the ear infections which cause the need for tubes for ear drainage, $2/3 to $1 billion could be saved.

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pa r e n t i n g

Dad’s Role in Play “Dad’s role in child play key to later development,” Gottman says. Today’s fathers want to be more involved with their babies than their own fathers were, and their involvement can play a critical role in a child’s future. That’s the message delivered by John Gottman, Ph.D., professor of psychology at the University of Washington, and co-founder of the Gottman Institute, to those attending a recent Dads Breakfast sponsored by PEPS (Program for Early Parenthood Support). “Study after study after study is showing that father involvement and warmth and emotional availability to young children predict intellectual functioning and emotional functioning in both sons and daughters,” Gottman told the group. Dads inherently tend to interact differently with their children, Gottman says. On the playground, for instance, moms tend to voice concern as their children climb higher on the jungle gym, while the dads tend to encourage them to keep going. At home, moms typically take on a teacher type of role as their children grow, while dads often act more as peers or playmates. Moms tend to play more visual games with their children, while dads are far more likely to engage in high-energy play such as tickle fights and roughhousing. Dads are also more likely than moms to abandon a game the child does not find immediately interesting. These differences play very important roles in child development. For example, Gottman says, “People find that the physical rough-and-tumble play that dads engage in with infants predicts the ability of the infants to control their own impulses.” According to Gottman, the significance of impulse control was demonstrated through research first conducted by Walter Mischel during the 1960s. In Mischel’s study, preschoolers were offered the choice between receiving one marshmallow immediately or two marshmallows in 20


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…studies have shown that the high-energy play that dads engage in is one of the best predictors for how kids get along with other kids, which is itself one of the best predictors of adult development… minutes. Mischel later tracked down the study participants as young adults and tested them again. He found that those who were able to delay gratification as preschoolers were more socially competent, personally effective, self-assertive adults who were better able to cope with frustration, were more self-reliant and confident, and less likely to crumble under stress. They embraced challenges and pursued them without getting sidetracked by difficulties. Even more remarkable, those who were able to wait for the marshmallows when they were in preschool scored on average 200 points higher on the SAT than those who couldn’t wait. The results were true for both boys and girls. Other studies have shown that the high-energy play that dads engage in is one of the best predictors for how kids get along with other kids, which is itself one of the best predictors of adult development, much more so than things like IQ scores or GPA. One of the keys to father involvement, Gottman concludes, is the quality of the relationship between parents and whether conflict is dealt with in a constructive manner. It’s difficult to be warm and emotionally available when the relationship between the parents is strained. When there’s a lot of conflict between parents, fathers withdraw not only from their partner, but from their infants as well, Gottman adds. Research has shown that, during a process called social referencing, “Babies will look at their moms when they approach something dangerous to see if it’s OK to proceed, and their happily married dads,” Gottman says, “but they no longer look back at their unhappily married fathers.”

The benefits of how dads play with their kids may be most effective in younger children, although Gottman notes that there has not been enough research in this area. At the same time, he suspects that the benefits of emotion coaching can be effective for essentially any age child, from infants to adolescents. With this in mind, Gottman offers some advice for how parents, and dads in particular, can try to offer more of the paternal warmth and emotional availability that seems to make such a difference for children down the road: Create “love maps.” Make a point of knowing your child’s interests, stresses and dreams, Gottman says. Ask your children open-ended questions and actively listen to the answers. If you don’t know what your child is currently studying in school, or what his or her favorite subjects or hobbies are, this is an area to focus on. Work toward a daily climate of respect and affection. “Catch” your children and your partner doing things right and let them know it. Avoid a constantly critical state of mind. If you find yourself always wanting to offer advice, try praise instead. Stay involved. Fathers should cultivate time alone with their children. It doesn’t need to be elaborate outings. Regular everyday activities, like bath time, changing diapers and reading, are the secret to making paternal involvement part of your routine. Turn toward bids for emotional connection, whether from your partner or your child. If one of them says he or she needs to talk, say, “OK, let’s talk.” Move from “me” to “we.” Couples where the members think of themselves as partners have a much better chance of providing an atmosphere that will encourage paternal warmth and availability, Gottman notes. Josh Parks is a Seattle-based freelance writer and editor and father of two. He also regularly contributes articles on fantasy baseball for Reprinted with permission from the March 2005 issue of ParentMap Magazine (

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m i n d — b o dy

It appears that many parents of toddlers, in their anxiety to be neither negligent nor disrespectful, have gone overboard in what may seem to be the other direction.

Who’s in Control? The Unhappy Consequences of Being Child-Centered by Jean Liedloff It took some time before the significance of what I was looking at sank into my “civilized” mind. I had spent more than two years living in the jungles of South America with Stone Age Indians. Little boys traveled with us when we enlisted their fathers as guides and crew, and we often stayed for days or weeks in the villages of the Yequana Indians where the children played all day unsupervised by adults or adoles-


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cents. It only struck me after the fourth of my five expeditions that I had never seen a conflict either between two children or between a child and an adult. Not only did the children not hit one another, they did not even argue. They obeyed their elders instantly and cheerfully, and often carried babies around with them while playing or helping with the work. Where were the “terrible twos”? Where were the tantrums, the struggle to “get

their own way,” the selfishness, the destructiveness and carelessness of their own safety that we call normal? Where was the nagging, the discipline, the “boundaries” needed to curb their contrariness? Where, indeed, was the adversarial relationship we take for granted between parent and child? Where was the blaming, the punishing, or for that matter, where was any sign of permissiveness?

The Yequana Way There is a Yequana expression equivalent to “Boys will be boys”; it has a positive connotation, however, and refers to the boys’ high spirits as they run about and whoop and swim in the river or play Yequana badminton (a noncompetitive game in which all players keep the cornhusk shuttlecock in the air as long as possible by batting it with open hands). I heard many shouts and much laughter when the boys played outdoors, yet the moment they were inside the huts, they lowered their voices to maintain the reigning quiet. They never interrupted an adult conversation. In fact, they rarely spoke at all in the company of adults, confining themselves to listening and performing little services such as passing around food or drink. Far from being disciplined or suppressed into compliant behavior, these little angels are relaxed and cheerful. And they grow up to be happy, confident, cooperative adults! How do they do it? What do the Yequana know about human nature that we do not? What can we do to attain non-adversarial relationships with our children in toddlerhood, or later if they have gotten off to a bad start?

The “Civilized” Experience In my private practice, people consult me to overcome the deleterious effects of beliefs about themselves formed in childhood.1 Many of these people are parents, keen not to subject their offspring to the kind of alienation they suffered at the hands of their own usually well-meaning parents. They would like to know how they can rear their children happily and painlessly. Most of these parents have taken my advice and, following the Yequana example, kept their babies in physical contact all day and night until they began to crawl.2 Some, however, are surprised and dismayed to find their tots becoming “demanding” or angry— often toward their most caretaking

parent. No amount of dedication or selfsacrifice improves the babies’ disposition. Increased efforts to placate them do nothing but augment frustration in both parent and child. Why, then, do the Yequana not have the same experience? The crucial difference is that the Yequana are not child-centered. They may occasionally nuzzle their babies affectionately, play peek-a-boo, or sing to them, yet the great majority of the caretaker’s time is spent paying attention to something else...not the baby! Children taking care of babies also regard baby care as a non-activity and, although they carry them everywhere, rarely give them direct attention. Thus, Yequana babies find themselves in the midst of activities they will later join as they proceed through the stages of creeping, crawling, walking, and talking. The panoramic view of their future life’s experiences, behavior, pace, and language provides a rich basis for their developing participation. Being played with, talked to, or admired all day deprives the babe of this in-arms spectator phase that would feel right to him. Unable to say what he needs, he will act out his discontentment. He is trying to get his caretaker’s attention, yet—and here is the cause of the understandable confusion—his purpose is to get the caretaker to change his unsatisfactory experience, to go about her own business with confidence and without seeming to ask his permission. Once the situation is corrected, the attention-getting behavior we mistake for a permanent impulse can subside. The same principle applies in the stages following the in-arms phase. One devoted mother on the East Coast, when beginning sessions with me on the telephone, was near the end of her tether. She was at war with her beloved three-year-old son, who was often barging into her, sometimes hitting her, and shouting, “Shut up!” among other distressing expressions of anger and disrespect. She had tried

reasoning with him, asking him what he wanted her to do, bribing him, and speaking sweetly as long as she could before losing her patience and shouting at him. Afterward, she would be consumed with guilt and try to “make it up to him” with apologies, explanations, hugs, or special treats to prove her love—whereupon her precious little boy would respond by issuing new ill-tempered demands. Sometimes she would stop trying to please him and go tight-lipped about her own activities, despite his howls and protestations. If she finally managed to hold out long enough for him to give up trying to control her and calm down, he might gaze up at her out of his meltingly beautiful eyes and say, “I love you, Mommy!” and she, almost abject in her gratitude for this momentary reprieve from the leaden guilt in her bosom, would soon be eating out of his dimpled, jam-stained little hand again. He would become bossy, then angry and rude, and the whole heartbreaking scenario would be replayed, whereupon my client’s despair would deepen. I hear many similar stories from clients in the United States, Canada, Germany, and England, so I believe it is fair to say that this trouble is prevalent among the most well-educated, wellmeaning parents in Western societies. They are struggling with children who seem to want to keep their adults under their control and obedient to their every whim. To make matters worse, many people believe that this phenomenon bears witness to the widely held notion that our species, alone among all creatures, is by nature antisocial and requires years of opposition (“discipline,” “socializing”) to become viable, or “good.” As the Yequana, the Balinese, and numerous other peoples outside our cultural orbit reveal, however, such a notion is utterly erroneous. Members of one society respond to the conditioning of their culture like the members of any other.

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about who is in charge. He may continue to draw pictures on the wall after his mother has pleaded with him to desist, in an apologetic voice that lets him know she does not believe he will obey. When she then takes away his markers, all the while showing fear of his wrath, he—as surely as he is a social creature—meets her expectations and flies into a screaming rage. If misreading his anger, she tries even harder to ascertain what he wants,

When this is understood, the parents’ fear of imposing upon their child is allayed, and they see that there is no call for adversariality. By maintaining control, they are fulfilling their beloved child’s needs, rather than acting in opposition to them. It took my East Coast client a week or two to see the first results of this new understanding. After that, generations of misunderstanding and the force of old habits rendered the family’s transi-

By maintaining control, parents are fulfilling their child’s needs The Way to Harmony What, then, is causing this unhappiness? What have we misunderstood about our human nature? And what can we do to approach the harmony the Yequana enjoy with their children? It appears that many parents of toddlers, in their anxiety to be neither negligent nor disrespectful, have gone overboard in what may seem to be the other direction. Like the thankless martyrs of the in-arms stage, they have become centered upon their children instead of being occupied by adult activities that the children can watch, follow, imitate, and assist in as is their natural tendency. In other words, because a toddler wants to learn what his people do, he expects to be able to center his attention on an adult who is centered on her own business. An adult who stops whatever she is doing and tries to ascertain what her child wants her to do is short-circuiting this expectation. Just as significantly, she appears to the tot not to know how to behave, to be lacking in confidence and, even more alarmingly, looking for guidance from him, a two or three year old who is relying on her to be calm, competent, and sure of herself. A toddler’s fairly predictable reaction to parental uncertainty is to push his parents even further off-balance, testing for a place where they will stand firm and thus allay his anxiety


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pleads, explains, and appears ever more desperate to placate him, the child will be impelled to make more outrageous, more unacceptable demands. This he must continue to do until at last she does take overleadership and he can feel that order is restored. He may still not have a calm, confident, reliable authority figure to learn from, as his mother is now moving from the point of losing her temper to the point at which guilt and doubts about her competence are again rearing their wobbly heads. Nevertheless, he will have the meager reassurance of seeing that when the chips were down, she did relieve him of command and of his panicky feeling that he should somehow know what she should do. Put simply, when a child is impelled to try to control the behavior of an adult, it is not because the child wants to succeed, but because the child needs to be certain that the adult knows what he or she is doing. Furthermore, the child cannot resist such testing until the adult stands firm and the child can have that certainty. No child would dream of trying to take over the initiative from an adult unless that child receives a clear message that such action is expected—not wanted, but expected! Moreover, once the child feels he has attained control, he becomes confused and frightened and must go to any extreme to compel the adult to take the leadership back where it belongs.

tion to non-adversarial ways somewhat uneven. Today, she and her husband, as well as many of my other clients similarly afflicted, are happily convinced by their own experience that children, far from being contrary, are by nature profoundly social. Expecting them to be so is what allows them to be so. As the parents’ expectation of sociality in the child is perceived by the child, she or he meets that expectation; likewise, the parents’ experience of sociality in the child reinforces their expectation of it. That is how it works. In a gracious letter to me, the husband of my East Coast client wrote, of his wife, their son, and himself: “[We] have grown and learned and loved together in a miraculous way. Our relationships continue to evolve in a totally positive and loving direction.” References available for review at:

Jean Liedloff’s work includes speaking engagements and consulting with people to help them apply the principles of The Continuum Concept—not only for parenting, but also for recovering from the adverse effects of a modern, “non-continuum” upbringing. She authored the highly acclaimed book, The Continuum. Copyright © 1991 by Jean Liedloff. This article first appeared in Mothering magazine, Winter 1994. Reprinted with permission of the author.

International Chiropractic Pediatric Association


Association for Prenatal and Perinatal Health and Psychology


12th International APPPAH Conference in Sunny San Diego THE conference for parents and professionals dedicated to Opportunities and Challenges from Conception through Infancy November 16th–21st, 2005 Town and Country Hotel and Conference Center San Diego, California

~ f e at u r i n g ~

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Conscious Parenting and Family Wellness Become better parents, become better family practitioners, through education and experiential programs that will provide… • Professional resources for making informed health care choices • Leading edge information enhancing health in pregnancy, birth and childhood

special chiropractic seminars and technique workshops with CEUs p r e s e n tat i o n s b y

Jeanne Ohm, DC • Stephen Marini, DC • Deborah Peters, DC For conference details and program information, visit or call 707-887-2838

What’s r u o y n o mind? edback, Share your fe ations, ideas, stories, inspirquestions, experiences, ways… etc., with Pathsee it in an and you may ue! upcoming iss

e to We’d lovm you. o r f r a he il us at a m e e s a Ple 4 a p c i @ r edito

fa m i ly l i f e

Early Bedtime Means Better Baby Sleep Elizabeth Pantley

In their efforts to encourage their baby to sleep better, one approach that many parents use is to put their baby to bed later in the evening. They think, “If he’s “really tired” he’ll sleep better, right?” Wrong! This often backfires because Baby becomes overtired, and chronically sleep-deprived. In the majority of cases, a baby’s biological clock is preset for an early bedtime. When parents work with that time, a baby falls asleep more easily and stays asleep more peacefully. Most babies are primed to go to sleep for the night as early as 6:30 or 7:00 p.m. I often hear about how babies and toddlers have a “melt down” period at the end of the day, when they get fussy, whiny and out of sorts. I suspect that it’s simply a sign of over-tired children longing for sleep.

Early to bed, early to rise? For babies, early to bed does not mean early to rise! Most babies sleep longer with an earlier bedtime. Many parents are afraid to put their baby to bed so early, thinking that they will then face a 5 a.m. wake up call. But keeping your little one up too late backfires, and more often, a late night is the one followed by that early morning awakening. My youngest child, two-year-old Coleton, used to go to bed at 9:30, the time when my three older children went to bed, because it was convenient for me. At that time in the evening, it would take him a long time to get settled. I never connected his inability to settle with his late bedtime. When I started putting him to bed at 7:00, he fell asleep much more quickly and slept more soundly.

What About Working Parents? If you are a working parent, and your evening with your little one begins at 6:30 or 7:00, you may find yourself torn between keeping your baby up for some playtime and getting him right to bed. You may find, though, that when your baby goes to sleep earlier, and sleeps better, he awakens in


pathways | issue 7

a pleasant mood, eager to play. Because you have gotten a good night’s sleep, you can consider getting up earlier in the morning and saving some time before work to play with your baby, as an alternative to that late-evening play session. You’ll both enjoy that special morning time. Later, when your baby is consistently sleeping all night, every night, you can move bedtime a little later and judge whether the difference affects your baby’s sleep.

Finding Your Baby’s Best Bedtime It can take some experimentation to find your baby’s best bedtime. If you have been putting your baby to bed too late in the evening, you can approach this adjustment in one of two different ways: Adjust your baby’s bedtime to be earlier by fifteen to thirty minutes every two or three nights. Pay attention to how easily your baby falls asleep as well as his awakening time and mood to gauge the effectiveness of the changes until you settle on his best bedtime, or Beginning at around 6:30 p.m., watch your baby closely. As soon as he exhibits any signs of tiredness (fussing, losing interest in toys, looking glazed, yawning) put him right to bed, even if his previous bedtime has been 11:00 p.m. When you do this, keep your home quiet and the baby’s room dark so that it resembles his usual environment in the middle of the night. If this bedtime is substantially earlier than usual, your baby may think he’s going down for a nap and awaken after a short snooze. If he does this, respond very quickly so that he doesn’t fully awaken. Follow your usual method for helping him fall back to sleep, such as rocking or nursing; keep the room dark and as quiet as you do during the middle of the night. Here’s what Tammy, mother of seven-month-old Brooklyn, had to say about changing her baby’s bedtime, “I had been waiting until 10:00 to put Brooklyn to bed because that’s when I go to sleep. But your suggestion made so much sense that last night I put her down at 8:00. I loved having the evening to spend with my husband. We haven’t spent that much time alone together in months! And the baby actually had a better night’s sleep. I’m happy that all our needs can be met in such a pleasant way.” It may take a week or more of adjustment to settle into a new bedtime, but once you do, you’ll find that both you and your baby are happier. Excerpted with permission by McGraw-Hill/Contemporary Publishing from The No-Cry Sleep Solution: Gentle Ways to Help Your Baby Sleep Through the Night by Elizabeth Pantley, copyright 2002 Website:

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Is your child’s backpack a source of spinal stress? Doctors of Chiropractic offer these tips for safe backpack use:

Jeanne Ohm, DC While backpacks are one of the most convenient and frequently used ways to carry books and school supplies, there are numerous precautions for selection and use. Doctors of Chiropractic have been offering constructive suggestions about this issue for many years. Wearing backpacks improperly or carrying ones that are too heavy put children at increased risk for spinal injury. Postural compensations carrying the heavy loads are causing what chiropractors term repetitive stress injury to many children. The postural imbalances appear to be most significant with prepubescent female students because of the heavy load required to carry at their ages and the sensitivity of their developing spines at this time of life. We know that back pain is the most common ailment among working Americans adults. Even more significant than back pain and associated injury is the implications that postural distortions have on nerve system function. These postural adaptations can cause spinal nerve stress. Stress to the nervous system can adversely affect numerous functions in the body leading to a wide array of health concerns.

• Wear both straps and avoid the one-strap styled back packs. Uneven distribution of the load causes postural compensations and spinal stress. • When putting on and removing backpacks, bend at the knees or have the pack at a higher level such as on a desk or table. Sudden twisting motion adds to the potential of injury. • Arrange the backpack so it rests evenly in the middle of the back. Shoulder straps should be adjusted to allow the child to put on and take off the backpack without difficulty and permit free movement of the arms. Straps should not be too loose, and the backpack should not extend below the lower back. • Keep the load at 10-15% or less of the student’s bodyweight. Carry only those items that are required for the day. Request additional textbooks to be kept at home instead of hauling heavy books to and from school. • Organize the contents of the backpack by placing the heaviest items closest to the back.

There are some ergonomically designed features in backpacks that enhance safety and comfort: • A padded back and shoulder straps will reduce pressure on the back, shoulders, and underarm regions, and enhance comfort. • Hip and chest belts help to transfer some of the backpack weight from the back and shoulders to the hips and torso. • Reflective material enhances visibility of the child to drivers in the evening hours.

The following signs may indicate that the pack is too heavy or not positioned correctly on the back: • Postural adaptations when wearing the backpack such as: excessive leaning forward, spinal tilt to one side or an elevated hip supporting the excess weight

Make sure your child

• Difficulty when putting on or taking off the backpack • Pain or discomfort when wearing the backpack

is wearing their backpack properly.

• Tingling or numbness in arms and even into fingers • Redness or soreness in neck, upper back and shoulder muscles. • Lower back pain with either gradual or sudden onset


pathways | issue 7

International Chiropractic Pediatric Association Seek health care options which support your children’s own natural ability to be healthy‌

Get Online! Be Informed Stay Connected Share the Wealth Get the Facts

Make knowledgeable health care choices for your family. Sign up for our free e-newsletter: Family Wellness First.

Refer other families to discover chiropractic.

Review the most current research and articles.

! Get Onlineds. org www.icpa4ki

family. Be Informed: choices for your ble health care Make knowledgea

parents: Ask your ICPA Doctor for copies of these cards so you can bring

: s. Get the Facts ch and article current resear Review the most : First. Stay Connected Family Wellness free newsletter: Sign up for our lth: ractic. Share the Wea s to discover chirop Refer other familie

them to your health care providers, local family oriented meetings (breastfeeding, birth classes, ADHD support groups, etc.) in your communities.

ic Association iropractic Pediatr International Ch

research review

FDA Warning on Drugs for ADHD The FDA is requiring new labeling changes for stimulant drugs used to treat ADHD. Most, it appears, are variations on methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, etc.). The drugs have produced side-effects including, according to the FDA, events such as visual hallucinations, suicidal ideation, psychotic behavior, as well as aggression or violent behavior. The FDA is seeking the panel’s advice on what information it should provide to

Have you heard? Ear infections don’t need antibiotics.

the public about the ADHD drugs that are widely used in children

Ear Infections: Antibiotics Not Necessary

while it’s collecting information on the number of types of psychiatric events possibly associated with ADHD drugs along with possible cardiovascular risks. The FDA is concerned with possible cardiovascular events in people using the drugs. Earlier this year Health Canada ordered Adderall off the market after reports of sudden death in 20 patients, including 12 reports of stroke.

A landmark study published in Pediatrics has shown that treating ear infections with antibiotics has no benefit when compared to doing nothing (McCormick 2005). In this study 223 children were divided into two groups. One group received antibiotics, the other group received only medicines for symptom relief. The study sought to evaluate several outcomes including (1) parent satisfaction with their child’s care, (2) resolution of symptoms, and (3) failure and recurrence rate. The study was limited to nonsevere ear infections. The severity was determined by parents' perception of the severity and by examination of the eardrum. Results of the study were dramatic. Parent satisfaction was equal in the two groups at both 12 days and 30 days after treatment. No difference was observed between the two groups in days of work or school missed, visits to doctors’ offices or emergency rooms, or number of phone calls. There was no difference in the recurrence rate by day 30, and no difference in the clinical examination of the children's eardrums at day 30.

Some ADHD drugs are now being implicated as possible causes for liver cancer. Scientists report that incidents of liver cancer in children have roughly doubled over the past two decades.

This study should finally prove that antibiotics are not necessary or beneficial in the management of nonsevere ear infections. Even when no treatment was utilized there was no significant difference in outcome.

Ice for Pain Relief during Birth A study to determine the potential pain-reducing effects of ice massage applied to various acupuncture points during labor included 49 pregnant women between the ages of 16 and 38 years. Ice massage, administered by way of crushed ice in a hand towel, was applied for 20 minutes or until the fourth contraction, whichever came first, to Large Intestine 4 (LI-4), located on the hand. The women rated intensity of pain during each contraction while the ice was applied; on a scale of 1 to 5, 1 indicated mild discomfort and 5 indicated extreme pain. A postpartum questionnaire revealed that pain had been decreased by 19% after ice massage was applied to the right hand and by nearly 50% to the left hand. LI-4 is located in the webbing between thumb and index finger on the back of the hand. Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health 2003; 48:317–21 Eur. J. Oncol., vol. 10, n. 2, pp. 00-00, 2005 IN PRESS


pathways | issue 7

Ice massage is a cool way to help reduce pain during labor!

Children May Not Need Antibiotics for Acute Infective Conjunctivitis Antibiotics are not necessary for most children with acute infective conjunctivitis, according to the results of a randomized, double-blind trial published in the June 22 Early Online Publication issue of The Lancet. “We have shown that symptoms resolve without antibiotics in most children with acute infective conjunctivitis,” lead author Peter W. Rose, from the University of Oxford, England, said in a news release. “The health economic argument against antibiotic prescription for acute conjunctivitis is compelling.” The authors note that each year, one in eight schoolchildren has an episode of acute infective conjunctivitis annually, and that standard clinical practice is to prescribe a topical antibiotic. However, there is little evidence to support this practice. “Parents should be encouraged to cleanse their children's eyes if an antibiotic is not prescribed,” the authors conclude. “Parents should be encouraged to treat children themselves without medical consultation, unless their child develops unusual symptoms or the symptoms persist for more than a week.” Lancet. Posted online June 22, 2005.

1 in 8 schoolchildren has an episode of acute infective conjunctivitis annually, and that standard clinical practice is to prescribe a topical antibiotic. However, there is little evidence to support this practice.

Giving birth: home can be better than hospital For women with low risk pregnancies in North America, giving birth at home bears similar risks of intrapartum and neonatal mortality as giving birth in hospital, but planned home births are associated with lower rates of medical interventions. In a prospective cohort study, Johnson and Daviss evaluated the safety of home births involving certified midwives in 5418 women who intended to give birth at home when labour began. The study participants experienced substantially lower rates of epidurals, episiotomies, forceps deliveries, vacuum extractions, and caesarean sections than women with low risk pregnancies who gave birth in hospital. BMJ 2005 330: 1416.

Aspartame induces lymphomas and leukaemias in rats Videotaping of Births No Longer Allowed Aspartame, a widely used artificial sweetener, was administered with feed to male and female Sprague-Dawley rats (100–150/sex/group), 8 weeks-old at the start of the experiment, at concentrations of 100,000; 50,000; 10,000; 2,000; 400; 80 and 0 ppm. Treatment lasted until spontaneous death of the animals. In this report we present the first results showing that aspartame, in our experimental conditions, causes a statistically significant, dose-related increase in lymphomas and leukaemias in females. No statistically significant increase in malignant brain tumors was observed among animals from the treated groups as compared to controls.

“Concerned that family videos of the birth of a child could be used against them in medical malpractice cases, doctors and hospitals are limiting videotaping in delivery rooms. ‘What once used to be really fun and warm and cozy and so forth is now a potential nail in the coffin from a liability perspective,’ said Dr. John Nelson, the president of the American Medical Association and an obstetrician. Dr. Nelson does not allow families to videotape the birth itself, but they are free to record other events, such as the mother’s first moments with the child.” Pediatrics, June 2005.

Eur. J. Oncol., 10 (2), 00-00, 2005 pathways | issue 7



Benjamin’s Story When we first started chiropractic care for our family, I didn’t know the link between chiropractic and the nervous system. I pretty much viewed it as a skeletal-structural field of care for

terrors are a neurological disorder, but there isn’t a recom-

pain relief. I am glad that we stumbled across the neurological

mended treatment for them and children tend to outgrow them.

aspect of chiropractic, though, because of the tremendous

I didn’t notice exactly when his night terrors started becoming

difference it has made in the life of our child.

less frequent and finally stopped, but it was after Benjamin

When my husband started seeing Dr. Spear, he brought with

started chiropractic care. For about four solid months he didn’t

him our three-year-old son, Benjamin. Dr. Spear knew that Benjamin had a difficult birth and asked if he could examine

For about four solid months he didn’t have

him. We agreed, and we learned that his upper neck vertebrae

any night terrors. We learned to enjoy sleep.

were out of place. The adjustments Dr. Spear did were very

Benjamin had always fought sleep. Now he

gentle, but frequent. I wasn’t expecting any results from the

would actually say “I’m sleepy” and look

adjustments, I was just glad to have the last vestiges of

forward to bedtime.

Benjamin’s difficult birth erased. In fact I didn’t even think to observe my son to see if there were any changes. It turns out

have any night terrors. We learned to enjoy sleep. Benjamin

there were big changes. I just didn’t notice it until much later.

had always fought sleep. Now he would actually say “I’m sleepy” and look forward to bedtime. I wondered if he had “outgrown” the sleep terrors. At some point, Benjamin’s adjust-

Benjamin has had night terrors almost every night for at least two years. He would sit up

ments were holding well and he stopped receiving regular care. And then one night the screaming, trembling and clawing

in bed screaming, trembling, grinding his teeth

returned. For three consecutive nights they occurred. Then

and clawing, all with a wild expression on his face.

we went to Dr. Spear for a scheduled appointment. Benjamin’s upper neck vertebrae were way out of place and he had an

Benjamin has had night terrors almost every night for at least

adjustment. That night and the following nights there were

two years. He would sit up in bed screaming, trembling, grind-

no sleep terrors and I finally made the connection between

ing his teeth and clawing, all with a wild expression on his face. his misaligned neck vertebrae and his sleep terrors. He was asleep for much of this but towards the end of each

Benjamin’s adjustments are holding well now, and there have

episode he would wake up terrified by himself. Needless to say, been virtually no sleep terrors (one night during a high fever sleep was something the whole family dreaded. I knew night

he had terrors, but also with hallucinations). I highly recommend Dr. Spear as a chiropractor, especially

Do you have a chiropractic story about yourself or a family member that you want to share with us?

with children. He is gentle, patient, and encouraging. I found that he explained things very well and answered all my

Send it to: and we will use it in an upcoming issue in Pathways to allow more parents to understand the many benefits of family chiropractic care.


pathways | issue 7

questions thoroughly. M.E.

As The Twig Is Bent, So Grows The Tree By Kevin Donka, D.C. This is a phrase that can be heard or read on a poster in nearly every chiropractic office on any given day. We have used this example in nature to describe to parents what can (and probably will) happen to their children’s posture if a spinal distortion in childhood is not corrected as they grow. Many children have benefited from the care they have received as a result of chiropractors telling their practice members these words. Indeed, many lives have probably been saved. At the very least, the quality of these kids’ lives has been improved. Having recognized the important physical benefits many have realized from hearing this phrase and following up with a program of regular chiropractic check-ups, I would now like to take a deeper look at the meaning behind the author’s words. When Emerson first wrote these words, he was actually referring to how a child sees the world. He was attempting to convey the fact that the thoughts, beliefs and attitudes we develop in childhood determine, in large part, how we see the world and how we respond to it as adults. In relation to our health, we see that children who believe that a drug, remedy, surgery or any other kind of treatment from the outside is necessary to heal will continually look outside themselves for help, and they will live in a world where they are constantly trying to eliminate or prevent something they don’t want in their lives. At first, this doesn’t seem like a bad thing. But, if all our time is spent working on getting rid of what we don’t want, we have very little time or energy left to give to creating what we do want! This attitude toward health is just the tip of the iceberg as far as the kind of thinking that develops in individuals who are brought up in the current medical mindset. Not only do they think this way as far as their health is concerned, they also learn to see themselves as imperfect and incapable of being everything they were meant to be! Since we all learn at a very early age to identify ourselves with our bodies, being told how imperfect our bodies are on a regular basis (i.e., you need these shots, this medicine, this operation, etc.) causes many of us to develop and carry over these attitudes into every aspect of our lives. In contrast, kids raised in the chiropractic wellness lifestyle grow up understanding that we all have within us a magnificent force called “innate intelligence” that runs, regulates, heals and grows our bodies. They are taught that we have God-given perfection within us just waiting to be fully expressed. Once again, because we identify who we are with our bodies, these kids grow up believing that we all have a vital purpose. And, more importantly, we have everything we need already inside of us to actualize that potential!

There is yet another aspect of chiropractic that is of supreme importance in understanding what Emerson was saying. We perceive everything as a result of impulses we receive through our nerve systems. And, our responses come as a result of our interpretations of the information received. If we have any nerve interference, we may not interpret the information we receive from our senses in a way that is most useful to us. In other words, our view of the world and how we fit into it will be distorted! And, as a result, we will not respond in the way that will best support our own growth or the growth of those around us. You see, it’s not the amount of interference that is a problem. ANY interference has the effect of distorting our view of the world! Understanding this is critical! This means that even if someone is brought up with empowering belief systems, he or she may not be able to gain the desired lessons and therefore will not benefit the way someone with a fully functioning nerve system will. The result will be the same as if that child were brought up in the opposite belief system! It is also vital to recognize that we are all growing and unfolding, even as adults! Most adults don’t recognize this because the overwhelming majority of growth after age 20 is mental and spiritual. The main thing to be aware of is that the same nerve interference that causes a child to grow up with a distorted view of the world will cause an adult to begin to misinterpret the world too! Will this affect your performance at work? Can you be the parent you want to be and teach the lessons you want your children to learn if you aren’t at 100% yourself? So I ask you, how important is it for everyone to be checked for the presence of nerve interference on a regular basis? Well, the way I see it, without chiropractic care and a fully functioning nerve system, the world will end up with an awful lot of crooked trees! Dr. Kevin Donka is a 1987 graduate of the National Chiropractic College and has been in private practice for 17 years. He has a large family practice that consists of 70% whole families and 80%new practice members who have no initial complaint, but come instead for what he calls “Wholeness-based” care. Dr. Donka was voted “Family Practice Chiropractor of the Year” in 2001 by a group of his peers and he is a frequent contributor to the ICPA newsletter and Pathways. Kevin lives in the Northwest suburbs of Chicago with his wife of 20 years, Cristine, and his five children. He has black belts in both Tae kwon do and hapkido, is an avid reader and plays twentytwo different musical instruments.

fa m i ly w e l l n e s s f o r u m I am trying to provide parents of young children with some suggestions of how to take care of their own backs given the physical stresses of caring for young ones. What would you recommend as basic strategies to help parents, especially in relation to all the carrying, lifting, and transferring of young children? The carrying of young children can surely take its toll on parents. Some practical advice is to use our legs to lift with as opposed to bending over with our backs. It is important to bring our bodies to the level of the child before we do any lifting. Many injuries to the spine occur from lifting while stooping forward. Another critical factor to avoid injury in lifting is to face the child/car seat straight on. Any twist or rotation in our spine while trying to lift significantly increases our susceptibility for injury. Beyond lifting is the seemingly relentless (yet vital) need of the child to be carried. Although sometimes almost exhausting for the parent, I am a strong advocate of continued carrying of our children. Carrying our infants can be honored with the potential of minimal stress to the parents. The main advice here is to vary the positions we carry our infants in and the carriers we use to do so. Continuously propping a child on one hip will stress the parent’s spine. Although it usually seems easier for the parent to carry on one side or the other, it is best to alternate sides and positions frequently. There are numerous carriers designed to make life easier for us as parents and they all have their effects on both the parent's and the infant's spine. Truly the most common and least desirable for body mechanics is the “car seat.” This is being used more and more by parents as a carrier outside of the car. When the parent tries to walk carrying the baby in one of these, their whole spine becomes distorted and the potential for injury is increased... Mothers who have just

given birth and have relatively unstable joints in their pelvis from the hormone relaxin are at even greater risk for injury. Additionally, the Back to Sleep program for infants has them spending far too much time on their backs and the car seat is just more time spent this way as well. Car seats as infant carriers, therefore, are not the best choice for either parents or babies. There are many baby wearers available today: wraps, slings, sacks. There are numerous benefits to wearing a baby—particularly for the baby. However, your question is addressing postural concerns and recommendations for the parent, so here they are: It is the author’s recommendation that parents look at the pros and cons of each carrier and choose a few, rather than one select carrier for their children. Incorporating various carrying styles for the babies and alternating the stress load to the parent’s spines are ideal ways to utilize these carriers to everyone’s advantage. The various carriers are designed to hold the baby in different positions. Variety seems to offer both the mother and baby the greatest advantage in postural adaptations and therefore decreases the potential for injury.

Front carriers, slings, wraps, back carriers all have their benefits and distribute the baby’s weight differently for the parent. Alternating carriers helps the parents offer the benefits of wearing their babies without causing a repetitive type stress injury to the parents’ spines. In the course of a day, depending on how long they wear their babies, it is advisable to switch carriers so parents will need to have several to choose from. Slings should be alternated from side to side and such type carriers, be they front or back, should be comfortably arranged on the parents’ shoulders to avoid undue stress. Parents should also take note of their upright posture while they are wearing the carrier. If it forces them to distribute their weight unevenly from side to side or front to back, then they need to either readjust the carrier or use a different style. Finally, carrying the baby right from birth allows the parents’ spines to adapt to the rapid weight gain of the baby. It is much harder to start using a baby wearer once the baby is a few months old. Both parent and baby will find it more difficult to adapt. All in all, parents are on the move and babies need to be carried. Our website has an extensive list of the more common baby wearers to choose from. Visit this link:

There are many types of carriers available today. Try several and use various types for you and your baby.


pathways | issue 7

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Chiropractic and Athletes continued from page 20 rely on optimum reaction reflexes to perform at their maximum competitive capacity. Field-based practice experiences indicate that Chiropractic care appears to both enhance an athlete’s ability to perform and to recover from injuries when they occur; this study provides objective evidence that a vital component of athletic performance—rapid reaction time—is markedly improved through the Chiropractic adjustment.

CHILDREN AND SPORTS It is estimated that 30 million children now participate in organized sports including soccer, football, swimming, gymnastics, hockey, skating and baseball. Correspondingly, as participation increases, injuries increase. Sports injuries to young people now exceed the occurrence of infectious disease.13 More than 700,000 children under the age of 15 are taken to the hospital

emergency room for treatment of sports-related injuries. In fact, children between the ages 11-15 account for 55% of all sports-related injuries that require hospitalization.14 Sports and recreational activities account for 4.3 million or 36% of all injuries to children in the United States.15 AMERICAN FAMILY PHYSICIAN

The increase in emergency-related injuries for children includes well-known injuries such as broken arms and twisted ankles—these injuries are certainly not new. What is new, however, are the types of children’s sports injuries seldom seen in past generations. They are overuse injuries caused by small, but repetitive injuries to the body’s tissues, joints and spinal columns resulting in chronic health conditions. Chiropractic adjustments for children of all ages are of tremendous benefit for the treatment and prevention of injuries

and to maximize performance potential. Chiropractic’s focus on the spine and nervous system is also important for children, since it is their nervous system which controls their entire growth and development. This fall as your child returns to school and participates in the many athletic opportunities offered, be sure to follow the example of the professionals and have his/her spine checked regularly, both after sporting events to minimize the effects of trauma, and before the competitions to enhance athletic performance. Keith Wassung is a nationally known author and speaker in the field of health education and research. The author of over 60 articles on health education and research, Keith makes his home in Goose Creek, SC. He can be reached at:

“All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Finally, it is accepted as being self-evident.” Arthur Schopenhauer (1788–1860)


International Chiropractic Pediatric Association

327 N. Middletown Rd. Media, PA 19063

Pathways to Family Wellness - Issue #07  

Pathways Magazine provides vital resources for family wellness. Our articles give parents the necessary information to actively participate...

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