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issue 14

New Approaches to Health Care “Alternative” therapies now mainstream for many families The Value of Authentic Vinegar Mom’s Weekend Pass The Webster Technique Re-Valuing Free Play Keeping Our Babies Safe in Motion Sun Exposure Increases Survival brought to you courtesy of:


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Executive Editor Jeanne Ohm, D.C. Editorial Board of Advisors Sarah Buckley, M.D. Bruce Lipton, Ph.D. Stephen Marini, Ph.D., D.C. Larry Palevsky, M.D. Lisa Reagan Assistant Editors Tracey Beck-Campbell Alissa Pond Creative Director Tina Aitala Engblom

Family Wellness Lifestyle Pathways magazine is a quarterly publication offering parents articles and resources to make informed health care choices for their families. Pathways provides thought provoking information from the holistic health perspective and invites parents to explore options for family wellness. The individual articles and links to health care information in Pathways are based upon the opinions of the respective author, who retains copyright as marked. The information provided is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of knowledge and information. The publisher of Pathways encourages you to make informed health care decisions based upon your researched knowledge and in partnership with a qualified health care provider. Pathways is provided to you by the International Chiropractic Pediatric Association in collaboration with the Alliance for Holistic Family Health and Wellness. © 2005–2007 Pathways, Issue 14, May 2007

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CREDITS On the Cover: © Photographer: Pascale Wowak Agency: Dreamstime.com Images used are for illustrative purposes only.


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contents FEATURE 6

New Approaches to Health Care ‘Alternative’ therapies now mainstream for many families by Jolene Gensheimer

LETTER FROM THE EDITOR 4

PARENTING 26

When Consequences Don’t Work WELLNESS LIFESTYLE 12

by Judy Arnell

Mom’s Weekend Pass by Amy Tiemann, PhD

MIND—BODY 28

Re-Valuing Free Play NUTRITIONAL NUGGETS 14

by Cynthia Aldinger

The Value of Authentic Vinegar by Cheryl Player

FA M I LY L I F E 3 2

CHIROPRACTIC FOR LIFE 18

Keeping Our Babies Safe in Motion

Nerve System Function and Wellness

by Bridget Horan, DC, DACCP

by Jeanne Ohm, DC

SEASONAL SECTION 36

PREGNANCY & BIRTH 20

Sun Exposure Increases Survival of Melanoma

The Webster Technique

by Van D. Merkle, DC, CCN DABCI

by Nicole A. Whitehead, DC RESEARCH REVIEW 40 BREASTFEEDING 24

News to Know and Share

Why is Your Kid Purple? by Jack Newman, MD, FRCPC

PARENTS PERSPECTIVE 43

Chiropractic Comforts Baby FA M I LY W E L L N E S S F O R U M 4 4

Adjusting an Infant MARKETPLACE 45


Nurturing the Family Wellness Lifestyle

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letter from the editor, jeanne ohm, dc

A current topic of concern

with many parents is the exclusion of chiropractic and other vitalistic types of care under their insurance policies. It seems to make no sense when parents are choosing safe options for their children that support healing without invasive and risky procedures and insurance companies are refusing to support their choices. This is a pertinent and legitimate concern on the part of parents and I will try to answer it from a perspective that will once again lead us back to core beliefs and paradigms about health and wellness. First and foremost, “health insurance” has been misnamed. Most coverage is about crisis care, not true wellness. In order for coverage to be considered, there needs to be a diagnosed symptom or condition recognized by the insurance industry. Since the insurance industry bases its reference point of “health” from the medical allopathic model, most holistic forms of care are not even considered. Secondly, there appears to be a double standard of coverage. Insurance companies are insisting that holistic providers offer substantial “evidenced based research” to be included in their policies and yet they are accepting numerous allopathic treatments that are not consistent with evidence based research. For example, the scientific literature has shown that antibiotics are not effective for ear infections for many years now and that their use actually increases the likelihood of repeated ear infection. Even so, insurance companies have continued to cover the administration of antibiotics. Ritalin and all psychotropic drugs when prescribed to children are considered “off label” and therefore are not evidenced based. Regardless, insurance companies continue to cover their administration. Too numerous to expound are the procedures practiced in obstetrics that are not evidenced based at all, and yet full coverage for these procedures (and the complications they cause!) are never questioned for coverage. In my naiveté, I used to wonder why insurance companies did not embrace the coverage of holistic care. After all, holistic care is safer and works with the natural “prevention” of conditions and disorders. Parents value the safer options of care and continued “maintenance” care because they see overall improvements in their families well-being. They become baffled when their insurance company does not cover services that are safer and have lasting effects on their families’ health. Surely it is less expensive for the insurance company to cover safe and natural care for a family than to pay the costly expenses of questionable drugs and risky procedures which just lead to future health crisis and costs. Then one day it dawned on me. Of course their motive is profit and continued growth of their huge industry. I was just looking at it from a completely erroneous perspective.

Vitalistic/holistic care, on the other hand, directs our attention back to the purpose of the body to self heal, regenerate, be well with assistance and support in that natural, inborn process. Vitalistic care orients people to rely on a greater, inborn intelligence. Vitalistic care takes people out of the fear model and into a healing paradigm of trust. Fear thoughts and attitudes by their very nature shut down healing and inhibit wellness. Trust and confidence in our body’s ability to be well sets the ground for healing to occur. One only needs to read some of the outstanding literature being published in the Psychoneuroimmunolgy scientific journals to discover the direct relationship between our beliefs, our feelings and our health outcome.

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© Photographer: Showface | Agency: Dreamstime.com

Health insurance companies support mechanistic/reductionistic care because, like the whole concept of mechanistic care, the health insurance industry thrives on fear and despair: fear of sickness, fear of disease, despair with inadequate body function. Mechanistic care and the insurance that covers it depends on people’s feelings of despair, hopelessness, doom and failure for its very existence! It is the fear factor that motivates people to renew their insurance policies covering modes of treatment they will never use.


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So, if you are waiting for the insurance industry to shift its core value from profit to human concern, don’t hold your breath. They have obviously been successful in creating the perceived need for their services based on a skillful and successful marketing plan which feeds off of the very easily stimulated human emotion, fear. To embrace healing arts that practice from and reposition people into an entirely different paradigm: trust, would be suicide for their very existence. During times of social transition it takes our individual initiatives to bring about the changes we want to see. In order to initiate change in a mechanistic system diametrically opposed to our holistic choices as parents, here are my suggestions: Look for insurance policies that offer “catastrophic/crisis” care with high deductibles and avoid spending unnecessary dollars on needless coverage that you may never use. Take the money you save on monthly premiums and put it towards paying for true wellness services for your families. Receiving these services may also significantly reduce the need for mechanistic treatments. Opt into “health saving plans” offered by your employees that put aside funds to be used for the type of care you really want. Choose providers based on their care, not your insurance

coverage. Remember you always have the choice. Rather than staying with a provider, “because he is covered” we need to proactively initiate change and utilize our right for safer, vitalistic care regardless of coverage Finally, change your lifestyle choices to incorporate healthier options. Find providers that offer supportive vitalistic care and participate in their family wellness programs. Surround yourself with information and opinions of wellness. Above all, shift your consciousness about health and begin to respect and trust in your body’s innate purpose for well-being.

It’s your family, it’s your life, it’s your choice! Many Blessings, Jeanne Ohm, DC

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new approaches to health care

“Alternative” Therapies Now Mainstream for Many Families Jolene Gensheimer

After enduring 50 hours in labor and the Caesarean Section birth of her son Anson, Kim Pham of Seattle did not head straight home from the hospital to rest. She took her 3-day-old son directly to a chiropractor because she was concerned about the effects of the difficult labor and the unnatural tugging and pulling from the C-section on her new baby’s spine. Inna Garkavi of Bellevue regularly takes her 6-year-old son Benji to an acupuncturist to strengthen his immune system and reduce the effects of his asthma. Since beginning acupuncture, Benji has had fewer colds and has not had an asthma attack, allowing him to avoid the steroids commonly used to treat asthma. Garkavi also gives him herbal supplements such as astragalus and elderberry to boost his immune system. Last spring, now 3-year-old Caden Ward of Seattle was hospitalized three times due to his asthma and suffers from severe food allergies to wheat, oats, soy, peanuts, chocolate and eggs. His mom, Jennifer, sought advice from a registered dietitian. Through diet and the use of supplements such as cod liver oil and acidophilus, Caden has not had another asthma attack and has been able to re-introduce some foods with no allergic reactions.

news about antibiotic overuse and side effects of various drugs, many parents are incorporating both traditional and holistic health care practitioners into their family’s health care routine. “There is a lot of concern about very young people becoming increasingly medicated,” says Bruce Milliman, ND, a naturopathic physician at Seattle Healing Arts, who has been practicing for 25 years. “Parents ask, ‘Is it really possible that my child needs to be medicated before 5 years old?’ In the past, that would be unusual, and now it is more commonplace. I think it is disturbing to parents who might be more thoughtful or better educated.” “On average, about 40 percent of Americans use complementary therapies,” adds Anjana Kundu, an MD and acupuncturist who is the director of Complementary and Integrative Medicine (CIM) at Children’s Hospital and Regional Medical Center in Seattle. Recognizing the public’s strong interest in holistic health care, the US federal government in 1998 created the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (replacing the Office of Alternative Medicine, founded in 1992) and is pouring $123 million into complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) research this year alone.

“I feel it is an important part of parenting to seek out the best treatment for your child. If conventional medicine isn’t giving us the answers we need, then it is our job to seek out as much information as possible and make the best choices for our kids,” Ward says.

Given the increasing number of adults now using a variety of health care, it is not surprising that parents are also choosing those options for their children. A study recently conducted in Boston indicates that about 42 percent of children in that city use complementary or alternative medicine. Although a study of children using CAM has not yet been conducted here, local providers suspect that the numbers could be even higher in the Seattle area.

Ward and other parents are among a growing number of parents branching out from traditional medicine and approaching health in a more holistic manner. With disturbing questions raised in the

“Seattle is a hotbed for alternative practitioners,” says Fernando Vega, MD, a founder of Seattle Healing Arts, an integrative health care practice in Seattle’s Green Lake neighborhood. One

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f e at u r e reason, he says, is the proximity of internationally recognized Bastyr University in Kenmore, a major training and research center for the natural health sciences. “It is also the culture, the demographics,” Vega adds. “We have young people here who may be from somewhere else and have had a larger world experience.” In addition, experts say that complementary therapies dovetail with the philosophy of many Seattle-area parents proactively seeking providers who help their families stay well, rather than waiting to see a doctor after illness strikes.

approach, a growing number of Seattle-area practices are becoming more integrated. Carol Doroshow, an MD and Board-certified pediatrician and homeopathic physician in Seattle, partners with a pediatric chiropractor, Gita Vasudeva, DC, FICPA, who has her own flourishing nearby practice and comes into Doroshow’s office once a week. Doroshow also refers patients to naturopaths and acupuncturists. “It is so important to have a team working for your kids. It is about having the right combination of things. We look at the individual and come up with a plan,” Vasudeva says.

At Children’s Hospital, for example, acupuncture has been so Doroshow notes that her methodology is different from successful that the hospital has hired a second full-time MD traditional medical doctors. Her goal is for her clients to be acupuncturist to start in September. Children’s offers an array of “educated consumers of health,” and she complementary practices including acupuncencourages an open, dynamic dialogue ture, acupressure, massage therapy, yoga, Studies indicate regarding health choices. For instance, music therapy, and biofeedback. parents are encouraged to bring in any literathat more medical “We’re very dedicated to developing both ture they have read regarding health and she the clinical and research aspects of compledoctors are now will take time to discuss her view of various mentary and integrative medicine,” Kundu studies and approaches to the issue. open to hearing says. “We want to put this on the big map and we want to be one of the well-known institutes offering CIM, but it takes time to develop.” According to Kundu, Children’s has chosen the term integrative medicine as opposed to alternative because they want to incorporate it with traditional therapy.

about alternatives and collaborating with alternative practitioners.

“My experience has taught me to be very open-minded. There are many ways to look at disease and health based on your perspective,” explains Doroshow, who has lived and worked in Ethiopia, Canada and various parts of the US.

The variety of options available can be overwhelming to parents trying to decide how best to help their children. Cora Collette Breuner, MD, MPH, director of the Outpatient Adolescent Medicine Clinic at Children’s Hospital and the liaison between Children’s Hospital and Bastyr University, recommends parents do their research and communicate with their primary health care practitioner.

Doroshow also encourages a healthy skepticism in all patients, saying, “When they take the advice of a physician, I think they need to be encouraged to ask questions. They need to say, ‘Do I have any other options? Why are we using antibiotics? Do I have any other choices?’ And physicians need to be willing to discuss in an open way what they are thinking about.”

“I have a lot of respect for my alternative medical colleagues,” Breuner says, but adds, “I give my support to those treatments where there are some safety standards or some compelling thoughtful scientific data supporting their efficacy.”

Jaimie Edidin of Seattle, who takes his two daughters to Drs. Doroshow and Vasudeva, believes this is a powerful approach and appreciates the open dialogue. “They listen to the parents. It is not the traditional thing where, as a parent, you listen to the doctor and say, OK, I will do whatever you tell me to do. It is not your typical ‘Take these five pills and you will feel better in the morning.’ They are open. They see the big picture and work for the betterment of your child.”

Patients are generally wary of speaking to their primary health care provider about alternative therapies—expecting a negative reaction—but Breuner says studies indicate that more medical doctors are now open to hearing about alternatives and collaborating as an integrated team with alternative practitioners. Such communication is vital, she says, noting as an example that some herbal remedies can have harmful interactions with antibiotics or medications. As a number of parents step away from the idea of having one primary caregiver for their children and look for a holistic team

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Edidin’s 4-year-old daughter Kaela sees a number of health care providers. Born with a rare infantile epileptic disorder, Kaela requires 24-hour nursing and a ventilator. She suffers from limited mobility and low energy.


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“Prior to seeing my kids go through this, I thought chiropractic was just a bunch of bunk. No way. Now I go,” Edidin says. Kaela used to have about 1,000 seizures a day and is now down to 10–15, he adds, and they have weaned her off her seizure medication. He also notices that she has increased mobility and more energy after every chiropractic adjustment. The entire family now receives regular chiropractic care and says it has helped lower their stress levels and boost immune function. Seattle Healing Arts, where Drs. Vega and Milliman both practice, has another unique approach to integrative health care. A variety of independent health care providers are housed in one building and share a common waiting room and front office. The providers, including medical doctors, naturopathic doctors, acupuncturists, chiropractors and licensed massage practitioners, also share office space.

fatty acids such as high quality fish oil supplements that are mercury-free. Acupuncture’s popularity is clearly growing, too. “Acupuncture is basically a therapy where you are using the stimulation of specific points in your body which are located on meridians, or channels, that run throughout your body,” Kundu explains. It is most commonly used and studied as acupuncture analgesia, or pain relief, and she is able to replace or reduce the amount of external substances needed to fight pain, such as morphine. People choose acupuncture for a wide variety of reasons, including pain management, postoperative nausea and vomiting, asthma, allergies, sinusitis, medical illness, irritable bowel syndrome, insomnia, bedwetting and to fight side effects of cancer or medications.

She says the term needle is really a misnomer and compares it to “The concept of collaboration is a theme in the clinic. With the a tiny, flexible toothpick. For wiggly little kids terrified of needles, desks in one place, we hear each other’s conversations, we hear Kundu has plenty of tricks up her sleeve. “I do how each other talks to patients, and we have acupuncture on myself, the parents or even on daily consultations together,” Vega says. It is not your typical their favorite toy. I let them feel the needle and Providers discuss new things they have ask me questions, so there is a lot of prepara“Take these five learned and pool their knowledge when sometion and creativity that goes into it,” she says, one has a “clinical conundrum” such as a mysadding that distractions such as blowing bubpills and you will terious rash, he adds. bles sometimes work.

feel better in the

A practitioner’s specific health care training Studies of chiropractic care—which stereousually means a different approach to the morning.” They are typically is considered a treatment for adults same medical problem, something parents with back pain but more broadly addresses open. They see the may want to keep in mind when choosing an the nervous system and its role in overall big picture... alternative provider. “The standard of care in health—are also showing impressive results the conventional world of pediatrics might be for children, including treatment for asthma, to use an antibiotic in the first instance, where respiratory infections, colic, ear infections and ADHD. a naturopathic doctor might try to find an alternative for that,” Vasudeva points out that the way a child receives a spinal adjustexplains Milliman, a family practice naturopath and an adjunct ment is very different from an adult adjustment. It looks more like associate professor at Bastyr. a massage, and she compares the amount of pressure to the For example, the conventional standard with an ear infection amount you would use checking to see if a tomato is ripe. And if is still to use antibiotics, but Milliman says that standard ear her young patients are nervous, her pediatric chiropractic table infections can be cured just as effectively and quickly without shaped like a bus with an enticing net of sea creatures hanging antibiotics. In the case of eczema, “Instead of first resorting to above helps encourage the youngsters to relax topical steroids, which we all prescribe, we might look at proba“In this society we base so much on symptoms,” Vasudeva says. ble causalities for the eczema,” he explains. “When we are in pain we are not well, and if we are not having “Naturopathic doctors prescribe antibiotics in Washington, pain we seem to think we are OK—but that is where we are lagand we are not averse to using them. However, if we do use ging and have to think more progressively.” them, we give the patient something like acidophilus to protect the digestive tract,” he adds. Using food and diet to heal the body is another growing trend. Eating more whole foods as opposed to heavily processed foods gives the body more vital nutrients. “Food is more than fuel; it is information,” explains Kelly Morrow, a registered dietitian with a master’s degree from Bastyr. She notes that diseases of inflammation such as allergies, eczema and asthma can be eased with essential

Jolene Gensheimer is a Bellevue-based freelance writer and mother of two. Reprinted with permission from the May 2005 issue of ParentMap magazine (www.parentmap.com). For references and additional information about the author and topic, please visit: www.pathwaystofamilywellness.org/references

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wellness lifestyle

Mom’s Weekend Pass: Amy Tiemann, PhD Let’s be honest, whether we are at home with the kids or employed while mothering, the daily demands of family life take their toll on our minds and bodies. All moms need a break from time to time—it makes me think of the mythical country song “How Can I Miss You if You Never Go Away?” When we take a break from our family responsibilities, we gain the perspective that distance brings, as well as a very important opportunity to recharge our batteries. This is not selfishness, it is self-preservation. My personal guideline is that every mother deserves to go away at least twice a year for a long weekend of personal renewal, in addition to any work travel or family trips she takes. This doesn’t have to be an expensive getaway. It can mean staying at a retreat center, booking a value-priced spa package, or renting a mountain cabin or beach cottage in the off-season with friends. My own moms’ group has done this several years for a reasonable cost. We always have a blast and strengthen our friendships in a way that can only be done by spending an extended amount of time together. When I look back on what is special about those weekends, it’s not a fancy setting that matters. Sometimes the conversations during the car ride up and back are the most fun. So is the chance to hang out in our pajamas and talk over coffee until noon.

Mojo Mom’s Tips for a Relaxing Moms’ Weekend Away: Scheduling at least two nights away will let you catch up on your sleep, and will give you a full “day away” that is not a travel day.

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Don’t over-schedule your weekend. Think about which activities will truly lead to a feeling of renewal. You don’t want to come home feeling more tired than when you left. It’s a true luxury to have the time to spend a day without much to do, to remember what free time feels like, and to let your mind roam. When I am away, I enjoy being as lazy as a lizard basking in the sun. As a writer, I have found these breaks to be key to my work productivity when I return. Treat yourself to some nice meals out or enjoy cooking together. Watch your alcohol consumption—overindulgence never feels good the next day and can undo the rejuvenating effects of your time away. Your idea of a fun weekend might be to go shopping and catch a show in the city, but even if you create an urban getaway, set aside some time where you can visit a natural setting to reconnect with natural beauty and walk outside. Use this getaway as a chance for your husband to run the household his way for a change. As long as he has the principles of basic safety covered, let the rest go. If the kids leave the house with their shirts on inside out, it really doesn’t matter. There is a fine line between leaving the house in decent order so that your partner doesn’t run out of food and essentials on your first day away, and running around like a madwoman for a whole week cleaning the house and cooking so that he


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Two nights away to recharge your batteries doesn’t have to. Find your comfort level in this arena and remember that it’s healthy for your family to carry the household load on their own from time to time. This is a chance to make the invisible work you do become visible. When your family does the work by themselves they’ll better appreciate how well you keep things running on a daily basis. Believe me, I’ve been there myself!

If you feel guilty about getting away, remember that being rested will recharge your parenting reserves as well. Time away renews perspective. I am so excited to see my daughter and husband when I get home. I love the initial rush of freedom that comes with getting away, and having someone else cook and make the beds for a change, but I also love coming back to my own home and reconnecting with my family. As the author of Mojo Mom: Nurturing Your Self While Raising a Family, Amy Tiemann helps women create a new sense of identity when entering motherhood. Getting in touch with your true ‘self’ while raising your baby is not only possible, it’s being done in “Mojo Mom Circles” around the country. See why women are joining the revolution and downloading their own “Mojo Mom Party Kits” from www.MojoMom.com. Contact Amy at amy@mojomom.com For references and additional information about the author and topic, please visit: www.pathwaystofamilywellness.org /reference

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nutritional nuggets

The

Value of Authentic Vinegar Cheryl Player

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V

inegar has long had its place in the household kitchen cupboard. Unfortunately, the most commonly used vinegar is white distilled vinegar. The process of distillation renders it nutrition-less, removing minerals such as potassium and important acids which ward off bodily toxins and unfriendly bacteria. This highly processed vinegar can be demineralizing when ingested; therefore, it should not be used internally. It does however work well in all kinds of household cleaning chores. There are much better choices of vinegar which meet culinary approval and have medicinal integrity. One that has gained in popularity over the years is apple cider vinegar. The taste is tart and fruity and complements many dishes. The best choice would be an organic, naturally brewed, unfiltered and unpasteurized apple cider vinegar made with whole crushed apples, especially freshly picked apples instead of the typical windfall apples. It is the apple cider vinegar made without heat or preservatives. Folklore has it that it can be taken with water as a restorative tonic. Because of the concern people may have about E. coli due to the outbreak in unpasteurized apple juice, I was able to find out from the Vinegar Institute that “E. coli cannot survive in the low

(acidic) pH of vinegar” and test results were negative. If it contains “mother,” then all the better. Mother is the name for the stringy protein molecules that form in authentic vinegar. If this is unappealing to you, it can be removed by gently filtering through an unbleached coffee filter or other appropriate method. Apple cider vinegar has long been used in folk remedies. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, used it in 400 BC to treat his patients. Dr. Jarvis, the author of Folk Medicine, states “One reason for

This constant state of renewal is indicative of the body’s fight to stay young, healthy, and full of life... the versatility of apple cider vinegar as a remedy in Vermont folk medicine is that it associates minerals with potassium. These are phosphorous, chlorine, sodium, magnesium, calcium, sulfur, iron, fluorine, silicon and many trace minerals.” He also stresses the importance of the mineral potassium in particular as he states “potassium is to soft tissues what calcium is to hard tissues.”

Another illustration of the importance of potassium is stated by Paul Bragg, ND, PhD in his book Apple Cider Vinegar, about an experiment conducted in 1912. He states “Research scientist Dr. Alexis Carrel kept the cells of an embryo chicken heart alive and healthy for over 30 years by daily monitoring its complete nutrition, cleansing and elimination. The normal life span of an average chicken is 7–8 years.” The chicken embryo was given apple cider vinegar daily for its supply of potassium. Dr. Carrel could have gone on with the experiment, but he felt he had proved his point that healthy cells can continue to rejuvenate with proper maintenance. Also explained by Dr. Paul Bragg is the body’s amazing ability to constantly rejuvenate itself. He explains that every three months a new bloodstream is built, every eleven months we build a new set of billions of body cells, and every two years new sets of bones and hard tissues are built. This constant state of renewal is indicative of the body’s fight to stay young, healthy, and full of life with proper nutrition, minerals, and elimination of toxins. Apple cider vinegar provides important minerals and also has a detoxifying effect on the liver. Brown rice vinegar has been called the eastern version of apple cider vinegar.

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The flavor has about half the sharpness and a subtle sweetness. When shopping for brown rice vinegar, Kyushu is a particular type that stands out from the rest. It accounts for less than one percent of Japan’s annual 100 million gallon production of vinegar. Unlike other brown rice vinegars, Kyushu is buried in the ground outdoors in glazed crocks where it is allowed to ferment. This keeps the temperature constant which is very important because variations in temperature can ruin a batch very quickly. This process includes high quality ingredients and is much more tedious than conventional brown rice vinegar, but the end result yields superior flavor and five times the amount of amino acids. Organic brown rice vinegar can be used in place of apple cider vinegar in various folklore remedies. Authentic vinegar is very useful to the body and research suggests the amino acids are partly responsible for the medicinal effect. John and Jan Belleme, authors of Culinary Treasures of Japan, state in their book “Dr. Yoshio Takino

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The twenty amino acids and sixteen organic acids found in authentic rice vinegar help prevent toxic fat peroxides. of Shizuka University, Japan, has confirmed the importance of vinegar’s amino acids. According to Takino, the twenty amino acids and sixteen organic acids found in authentic rice vinegar help prevent the formation of toxic fat peroxides. He explains that when unsaturated fatty acids from vegetable oils and other foods are heated and exposed to light in cooking or oxidized during metabolism, fat peroxides can form, which contribute to aging and to cholesterol formation on blood vessel walls.” Both apple cider vinegar and brown rice vinegar are used medicinally for various ailments. There are, however, other types of vinegar which are used

all around the world to add taste and appeal to all types of dishes. Modena, Italy is known for its great tasting balsamic vinegar. It is made by gently crushing wine grapes and then boiling the juice in a vat. After several more steps it is poured into wooden casts to ferment. The method of making tradizional or the “real thing” takes years and is very expensive. The end product is a nice balance of sweet and sour and lends full, rich flavor to all it is sprinkled on. Balsamic vinegar is high in health-promoting resveratrol, an antioxidant found in red grape skins. Wine vinegar differs according to the source of wine. Red wine vinegar adds a robust flavor and goes well with pungent greens, as well as meats and cheese, much like red wine itself. White wine vinegar has a more delicate flavor and is excellent with tender, young greens and pasta dishes. The research that has been done on apple cider vinegar and brown rice vinegar speaks for itself concerning the health benefits. I was unable to find health-related information support-


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Nurturing Life®

Celebrating 17 years of Nurturing Life® with Pure and Effective Products for Pregnancy, Breastfeeding and Babies • Recommended by health professionals and lactation consultants. • Sold in hospitals, natural food stores, and natural pharmacies nationwide, as well as in Europe, Asia, and Canada. • Made with certified organic ingredients. • Free of preservatives, artificial dyes and fragrances. ing other vinegar types. This is not to say, however, that this research is not in the works. Something to look for when shopping for either wine vinegar or balsamic vinegar is a type of preservative called sulfites. Marcio Bontempo, a medical doctor in Brazil has stated “one in five people are sulfite-sensitive,” and that “five percent of those who have asthma are also at risk of suffering an adverse reaction to the substance.” Whichever types of vinegars you decide to experiment with, by all means add them to your dishes to impart fresh, zingy flair to all your culinary creations. This article was contributed by Cheryl Player. Please visit www.leaflady.org

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chiropractic for life

Nerve System Function and Wellness Jeanne Ohm, DC The term “wellness” is becoming common and being used by many holistic care groups to describe the type of care they are offering. In an effort to better understand its definition, I looked it up in various dictionaries. Merriam Webster defines wellness as “the quality or state of being in good health especially as an actively sought goal.” From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, I read, “Wellness is generally used to mean a healthy balance of the mind-body and spirit that results in an overall feeling of well-being…In other words, wellness is a view of health that emphasizes the state of the entire being and its ongoing development.” The ICPA recently sent out a survey to its members asking for the reasons why parents bring their children in for chiropractic care. The number one reason reported was “wellness.” Parents are recognizing the importance of chiropractic care and the significant role it plays in the family wellness lifestyle. Let’s look more closely how your doctor of chiropractic contributes to your family wellness. Back to basic chiropractic science, the adjustment reduces nerve system stress and allows the body to function in a greater state of health. As the nerve system regains proper function, all systems of the body are improved. This is because the nerve system is the master control system of the entire body. It orchestrates and regulates all other body systems. There is no question that health in the body is dependent on a healthy nerve system function. Additionally, doctors of chiropractic offer their patients lifestyle options that contribute to their well-being. Improved posture, suggestions for body movement and exercise significantly contribute towards our overall health by their affect on nerve system function. Awareness of chemical toxicities and their effect on the nerve system are another way that doctors of chiropractic guide their patients to a healthier lifestyle. Chiropractors have always offered these suggestions to their

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patients, even before other professions saw the importance of these factors in health. These physical components are vital components for healthy nerve system function and therefore well-being. We also know that when our nerve system is healthier our minds function more efficiently as well. In chiropractic, our specific work with the nerve system has a significant effect on our ability to affect the way we think and behave. An overloaded, ill functioning nerve system cannot handle additional physical or emotional stress overload. Pathways has frequently published articles and testimonials supporting the positive effect the chiropractic adjustment has had on people’s thoughts and feelings. In one issue, a young boy diagnosed with ADHD said this to his mother about the adjustment, “it takes the noise out of my head.” How profound is his statement in realizing the direct correlation between nerve system function and the ability to think and feel clearly. So too, our feelings and attitudes have a direct correlation to our nerve system. Current science is demonstrating the direct relationship between our thoughts and feelings and our nerve system function. In other words feelings of despair and hopelessness create a stress overload on our nerve system and once again, an overloaded nerve system creates malfunction in our bodies. What chiropractic offers is the physical adjustment to reduce nerve system stress and a complimentary philosophy to support nerve system function as well. In this way it is uniquely affecting nerve system function from two perspectives and therefore offering a deeper level of health and wellness. The chiropractic philosophy of health is: recognition, respect and trust in the body’s innate purpose to heal and be well. Understanding this empowering view of health is a huge benefit to reducing nerve system stress as feelings of despair and fear about healing are replaced with hope and confidence. Current scientific studies are showing us that those two feelings are essential for true and lasting healing and wellness. Chiropractic care is pioneering the wellness movement because of its unique ability to enhance nerve system function on both of these levels. Join the many families who have made chiropractic care the largest natural healing movement today.


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The chiropractic philosophy of health is:

recognition, respect and trust in the body’s innate purpose

to heal and be well.

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pregnancy & birth

For Many Pregnant Moms,

webster technique is the Key to a Safer Birth Nicole A. Whitehead, DC

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As a mom navigating her way through a high-risk pregnancy, news of one more complication just leaves you with more questions and concerns. When the news is that your baby is not in the head down (or vertex) position, your questions go something like this: Will my baby turn on its own? Will I need external cephalic version? Can I even have that? Is it safe? Will I need to have a C-section? If your particular high-risk situation doesn’t automatically require Cesarean, a breech (or transverse or oblique) presentation greatly increases that chance. Even in the case of low-risk pregnancies, abnormal position near the end of term commonly results in surgical birth. In fact, 2003 data from the National Center for Health Statistics shows that 87.2% of all breech presentations were delivered by Cesarean. If your baby has not turned head-down by approximately 36–37 weeks, your doctor may suggest attempting external cephalic version. In this procedure, your doctor tries to turn your baby while still in the uterus by pushing on the baby with his or her hands through your abdomen. This procedure can bring about complications for any mom, including vaginal bleeding, premature rupture of membranes, fetal distress and premature labor. For many high-risk pregnancy situations, external cephalic version would not be recommended due to these possible complications. For some high-risk pregnancies, external cephalic version is contraindicated, meaning it is not even considered as a possible option due to the high likelihood that it would cause serious problems. So, once you and your doctor realize that your baby is not positioned head-down, the most likely approach in a highrisk pregnancy is to wait and see if your baby will spontaneously turn. If your doctor is comfortable with the idea of external cephalic version in your case, you may weigh the pros and cons and decide to give it a try. Unfortunately, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2000), external version only has a 58% success rate. If you cannot try, or are not comfortable trying, external cephalic version, or if it is unsuccessful, you are usually left waiting again for your baby to turn on his or her own. At this point, you will be well aware that if your baby has not turned head-down by the time you begin labor, you will need a C-section. What else can you possibly do other

than just wait? What other options do you, as a concerned mother, have to attempt to prevent this scenario? Let’s take a step back and talk about the “why’s” of abnormal presentation. Remember that your baby has innate programming that helps him or her know what to do during growth and development. Most babies do assume a vertex position before labor, because their instincts direct them to. This is the same way they innately know to push with their feet off the top of the uterus during contractions or to latch on to a breast even when they have never before seen one. So why hasn’t your baby turned vertex? Because your baby didn’t get the programming to know to do that? Of course not. Something is preventing the natural process from occurring in your situation. In some cases, it can be a structural issue within the womb, such as a fibroid or other space occupying presence. Often, pre-term labor is accompanied by abnormal presentation because the “time to turn” in the baby’s programming had not yet occurred. However, according to Danforth’s Obstetrics and Gynecology, there is no apparent cause for the failure to go vertex over 50% of the time. It would be ludicrous to assume that over 50% of the fetuses in abnormal position simply “didn’t get the memo” about turning head-down. So, it logically follows that something is preventing the baby from turning. In the late seventies, Larry Webster, DC, founder of the International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, noted a connection between misalignments of the sacral and pelvic bones and abnormal fetal positioning. He developed a gentle chiropractic adjusting technique (called the Webster Technique) to restore movement and alignment in the pelvic region and saw that babies would regularly turn to the vertex position on their own after the adjustment. During his career, Dr. Webster himself had a success rate over 90% (within three adjustments), working with approximately 1,000 pregnant moms with babies in compromised positions. The key to this approach is simple anatomy. The uterus is physically attached to the pelvis and sacrum by way of the uterosacral ligaments behind the uterus and the round ligaments in front and the broad ligament on each side. During pregnancy, the increased physical loads on the skeleton and the presence of the hormone relaxin in soft tissues make it easy for the sacrum and pelvic bones to shift and become

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misaligned. Extended bed rest can also contribute to sacral misalignment, as can improper postures and minor traumas. When this occurs, the two ligaments described above are pulled into tension. The pull of these uneven ligaments on the uterus causes torsion to the uterus and creates a condition referred to as intra-uterine constraint for the baby. Imagine pulling on two sides of a balloon. The balloon shortens and becomes rigid in response to the pulling forces. The same thing occurs with the uterus, essentially trapping the baby in whatever position it was in at the time of constraint. Until the pull on the uterus can be removed, the constraint will remain and the baby may not be able to force its way into the vertex position. Moms experiencing intra-uterine constraint will often report a decrease in the baby’s movement, or a development of jerky, tense movements, indicating that the baby’s ability to move is restricted. The Webster chiropractic adjustment begins the process of realigning the sacrum, thus relieving the pull that creates the intra-uterine constraint. Once that constraint is removed, your baby is then free to follow its instincts and assume a vertex position. This technique involves no external forces on the baby directly, and it is very comfortable and extremely safe. According to the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics (2002), an 82% success rate is seen by chiropractors using this technique on mothers with abnormal presentations. Although most pregnant moms can receive chiropractic care at any point in their pregnancies, a mother specifically concerned with an abnormal presentation can benefit from the Webster technique beginning in the seventh or eighth month. Because several adjustments are sometimes needed to facilitate optimal baby positioning, starting this care at the “eleventh hour,” after nothing else has worked, is not the best approach. It is always worth the attempt at the last minute to try to prevent a Cesarean, and the effort may result in a success, but having a week or two to administer several adjustments, if necessary, will greatly increase the likelihood of the baby going head down. Even once the baby has turned to the correct position, continued adjustments right up until birth can help create a safer and easier birth for the mother and baby. Due to its high success rate and non-invasive nature, the Webster Technique should be the logical first choice for

mothers and birth practitioners who are concerned with a possible C-section or a complex vaginal delivery due to abnormal presentation. The Webster technique requires no medication and has virtually no negative side effects, making it a prudent step before attempting external version. In fact, there are often positive side effects to removing intra-uterine constraint for the baby besides the potential for vertex positioning. Without intra-uterine constraint, your baby has more room for movement and proper in-utero development. Free of pelvic and sacral misalignments, the birth canal diameter is maximized, thus decreasing your chances for difficult labor and additional complications during delivery. Due to the gentle nature of the Webster technique, it is a safe approach for almost all pregnancies, including many high-risk situations. When you find a Webster practitioner, discuss the particulars of your situation with him or her to confirm that the approach is in your and your baby’s best interests. How do you find a chiropractor who is trained and experienced in the Webster Technique? The best resource is the “Find a Doctor” search on the website of the International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, www.icpa4kids.org. All the doctors listed have special interest and training in the care of pregnant mothers, infants and children. The directory shows clearly which doctors have received extensive advanced training and certification specifically in the Webster technique. When you find a Webster doctor, you can be sure that you are taking the safest, most effective steps toward helping your baby achieve optimal fetal positioning for a safer and easier birth. Nicole A. Whitehead, DC is a family chiropractor in Mooresville, NC. She has extensive post-graduate training and experience in the care of pregnant moms, infants and children. She is a member of the International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, and is, of course, Webster Technique certified. Her private practice, Advanced Spinal Fitness, is a diverse community where infants and kids achieve maximum health alongside “grown-ups,” including racecar drivers and crew members— Dr. Whitehead’s other specialized patient population. Visit Advanced Spinal Fitness online at www.DrNicole.net. Photo Courtesy of Westwood Family Chiropractic. For references and additional information about the author and topic, please visit: www.pathwaystofamilywellness.org/references


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August 1-7, 2007 As La Leche League celebrates its 50th Anniversary with World Breastfeeding Week Celebrations all across America, you can take the opportunity to thank this nonprofit organization for 50 years of mothering wisdom, information and support.

Attend the La Leche League International Conference, Chicago, July 20-23, 2007, or a World Breastfeeding Week Celebration, May 1 – September 30, 2007 listed at: http://www.lllusa.org/wbw/calendar.php.

Donate to your local La Leche League Group, http://www.llli.org/WebIndex.html in honor of World Breastfeeding Week.

Sponsor World Breastfeeding Week Celebrations on the local or national level. Have your business or Web site featured on the WBW pages as a Platinum, Diamond, or Gold Prize Sponsor. See http://www.lllusa.org/wbw/sponsors.php for more information.

Contribute online to World Breastfeeding Week at https://donate2lll.org/indexSecure.htm. It’s a generous way to thank the seven Founders of La Leche League—the women who held that first breastfeeding meeting 50 years ago!

Become a member of La Leche League,

http://www.llli.org/membership.html.

La Leche League needs your interest and support.

Thank you to the 2007 Platinum Level Prize Sponsors: ERGO Baby Carrier, Inc., Mothering Magazine, and Medela, Inc. We also want to thank the International Chiropractic Pediatric Association.

1-800 LALECHE www.llli.org


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breastfeeding

Why is Your Kid Purple? Using Gentian Violet Gentian violet (1% solution in water) is an excellent treatment

Nipple pain caused by Candida albicans

for Candida albicans. Candida

The pain caused by a yeast infection is generally different from the pain caused by poor positioning and/or ineffective suckling. The pain caused by a yeast infection is often burning in nature, rather than the sharp, stabbing, or pinching pain associated with other causes. Not uncommonly, the pain will begin after a period of pain-free nursing. This characteristic alone is reason enough to try treatment for yeast. However, milk blisters on the nipple also may cause nipple pain after a period of painfree nursing. The pain frequently lasts throughout the feeding, and occasionally continues after the feeding has ended. This is in contrast to the pain due to other causes which usually hurts most as feeding begins, and gradually improves as the baby nurses. Also, the pain may radiate into the mother’s armpit or into her back. For some women, the pain is worse at night.

albicans is a type of yeast that may cause an infection of skin and/or mucous membranes in both children and adults. In small children, this yeast may cause white patches in the mouth (thrush), or diaper rash. When the nursing mother has a yeast infection of the nipple, she may experience severe nipple pain as well as deep breast pain. Jack Newman, MD, FRCPC

A yeast infection may be associated with recent use of antibiotics by the baby or mother, but not necessarily. It may cause no change in the appearance of the mother’s nipples or areolas, though there may be redness or some scaling, or the skin of the areola may be smooth and shiny. The infection may be


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quite severe and may or may not be itchy. Sometimes, the infection may occur only in the breast. At the same time, the breast appears or feels normal. This is not mastitis and there is no reason to treat with antibiotics. On the contrary, antibiotics may make the problem worse.

Using Gentian Violet We believe that gentian violet is the best treatment of nipple soreness due to Candida albicans for the breastfeeding mother. This is because it almost always works and relief is rapid. It is messy and will stain clothing, but not skin. The baby’s lips will turn purple, but the purple will disappear after a few days. Gentian violet is available without prescription but is not available at all pharmacies. Call before going out to get it. Use the following steps to aid in treating a yeast infection with Gentian violet: About 10 ml (two teaspoons) of gentian violet is more than enough for an entire treatment. Many mothers prefer doing the treatment just before bed so that they can keep their nipples exposed and not worry about staining their clothing. The baby should be undressed to his diaper, and the mother should be uncovered from the waist up. Gentian violet is messy. Dip an ear swab (Q-tip) into the gentian violet. Put the purple end of the ear swab into the baby’s mouth and let him suck on the swab for a few seconds. The gentian violet usually spreads around the mouth quickly. If it does not, paint the inside of the mouth to cover as much of the inside of the cheeks and tongue as possible. Put the baby to the breast. In this way, both the baby’s mouth and your nipple are treated. If, at the end of the feeding, you have a baby with a purple mouth, and two purple nipples, there is nothing more to do. If only one nipple is purple, paint the other one with the ear swab and the gentian violet. In this way, the treatment is finished in one go. Repeat the treatment each day for three or four days. There is often some relief within hours of the first treatment, and the pain is usually gone or virtually gone by the third day. If it is not, it is unlikely that Candida was the problem, though it seems Candida albicans is starting to show some resistance to gentian violet, as it is to other antifungal agents. Of course there may be more than one cause of nipple pain, but after three days the contribution to your pain caused by Candida albicans should be gone. Do not continue the gentian violet if

A few notes about Candida albicans: • The baby does not have to have thrush in his mouth. • A yeast infection of the nipple may be combined with other causes of soreness. • Burning pain may be due to other causes, and pain due to a yeast infection does not necessarily burn.

no relief occurs after 3–4 days of treatment. Instead, get more information. There is no need to treat just because the baby has thrush in his mouth. The reason to treat is the mother’s and/or baby’s discomfort. Babies, however, do not commonly seem to be bothered by thrush. Uncommonly, babies who are treated with gentian violet develop sores in the mouth which may cause them to reject the breast. If this occurs, or if the baby is irritable while nursing, stop the gentian violet immediately, and contact the clinic. The sores clear up within 24 hours and the baby returns to feeding. All artificial nipples that the baby uses should be boiled daily during the treatment, or well covered with gentian violet. Consider stopping the use of artificial nipples. If the infection recurs, treatment can be repeated as above. But if the infection recurs a third time, a source of reinfection should be sought out. The source may be the mother who is a carrier for the yeast (but may have no sign of infection elsewhere), or from artificial nipples the baby puts in his mouth. Treatment of the mother (usually with a medication other than gentian violet) at the same time as treatment is repeated for the nipples will usually eliminate reinfection. Contact your doctor. For references and additional information about the author and topic, please visit: www.pathwaystofamilywellness.org/references Photo Courtesy of Evan Long

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pa r e n t i n g

When Consequences Don’t Work Judy Arnall

Your son rides his bike without a helmet. Again. You’ve nagged, begged, pleaded, and informed him of the dangers of riding without one. Next, you’ve issued Consequences! You’ve taken the bike away and put it in the garage for a day, then a week, and then, a whole month. You’ve done everything the parenting books say for a consequence to work. It’s reasonable. Anyone can live a day without a bike. It’s respectful. You’re not hitting or calling him names. And it’s related. No helmet, no bike. It’s simple to understand. But the problem is that he is still riding a bike without a helmet! And the situation could turn into a huge power struggle every time you take the bike away. Clearly, the Consequence has not worked. Why not? Often, consequences are disguised as punishments. They do not help in making amends, cleaning up, fixing things, nor do they solve problems. Children really need to see the purpose in logical consequences and very often, there is no real purpose, other then to inflict pain and inconvenience for the child until they change their behaviour. However, children will not change their behaviour until the underlying feeling or need has been addressed and a solution found.

What to do? Sit down with your son and probe why he doesn’t like the bike helmet. Perhaps it’s

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So, make sure that the consequences are solutionfocused rather than pain-focused. A common concern is, “Won’t my child ever learn the consequences of his actions if I don’t set up logical consequences?” Of course he will. The rest of the world will be happy to teach your child the logical consequences of his actions and sometimes it will be painful and inconvenient for him, but only you, the parent, can provide the safe haven of your loving relationship to teach him how to solve problems, make restitution, and make amends. That’s the harder job. But the bonus is that you’ll enjoy less power struggles and more connection, teaching, and learning in your relationship.

Judy Arnall is a 10-year veteran parent educator, award-winning speaker, and mother of five children. She is the author of Discipline Without Distress: 135 Tools For Raising Caring, Responsible Children Without Time-out, Spanking, Punishment or Bribes. Email jarnall@shaw.ca or visit www.attachmentparenting.ca for more information. For references and additional information about the author and topic, please visit: www.pathwaystofamilywellness.org/references

Photo on this page: © Photographer: Jelena Popiç | Agency: Dreamstime.com

In this instance, the consequence was issued as more of a punishment then a solution. Taking the bike away does nothing to solve the problem of why the helmet is unacceptable to the child. How to tell the difference between consequences as a solution and consequences as a punishment? If you are threatening a consequence, it’s probably more of a punishment, and not a workable solution, and even with the three R’s, (respectful, related, reasonable) it won’t work to bring about a positive change of behaviour.

in an inconvenient place to access. He needs a solution to make it handier to use. Perhaps he just never can remember. He needs solutions to help him remember. Perhaps a visual picture on the door might work. Perhaps the helmet doesn’t fit right or looks goofy. He needs to obtain a different helmet. This isn’t all on the parent’s shoulder to fix. Involving the child in finding a solution is essential in developing their problem-solving skills, creativity, and teamwork, as well as making it more likely they will accept the solution chosen.


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Children will not change their behaviour until the underlying feeling or need has been addressed and a solution found.

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m i n d — b o dy

Re-Valuing

Free PlAy Cynthia Aldinger

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Many parents don’t realize that

imaginative free play has been squeezed out of our children’s lives, and what a tremendous loss this is.

© Photographer: Marzanna Syncerz | Agency: Dreamstime.com

The majority of preschool programs today emphasize early learning, computer literacy, or using the materials in just one way rather than being play-centered. Some public elementary schools provide no recess or physical education time at all. The highly structured time a child spends in preschool, daycare, school, or aftercare is usually supplemented by a daily dose of enrichment classes and adult-led sports. These activities are sandwiched in between the three to four hours a day the average child spends watching television, movies, or playing with video games. The old refrain from my childhood, “What’ll I do?” is rarely heard today as children have almost no time in which they are not being instructed or entertained. Neighborhood play has all but disappeared along with our neighborhoods. Many parents fearfully keep their children indoors or under constant supervision, and children frequently must be driven to friends’ houses. Spontaneous activities such as bike riding, outdoor skating, or ball games have for the most part been replaced by soccer, hockey, or other leagues which often place tremendous pressure on the child to compete or perform. All children need “off time” in which they can be the initiators of their own activity, whether that involves making something, reading, writing, or just daydreaming. It is important for the development of the will, for the development of the ability to take initiative, that children have unstructured time in environments which encourIt is important for age creative activity. For the young child, imaginative free play is especially important because it nurtures the kind of creativity which will be transformed into creative thinking. The young child’s ability to pretend that a basket of pinecones is baby chicks one moment and apples the next reflects the child’s fluid consciousness and is excellent preparation for reading, where written symbols represent something else. When young children are using their imaginations in play, their brains are working and developing in a much healthier way than when they are being made to sit and do pages from workbooks. The saying “play is the work of childhood” reflects the importance which free play holds in the healthy development of the child.

the devel-

opment of the will, for the development of the ability to take initiative, that children have unstructured time in environments which encourage creative activity.

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Creative free play engages

children completely: their bodies are in movement, their minds and imagination are lightening-quick, they are able to act out roles and situations...and they are often interacting socially with one or more other children.

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Activities which are child-directed are like an “out breath” through which he or she can relax and release energy. When parents or teachers create the space for free artistic activities or when toys encourage the child’s imagination, the child can be active and express everything from life which he or she has taken in so eagerly. Creative free play engages children completely: their bodies are in movement, their minds and imaginations are lightning-quick, they are able to act out roles and situations which they have experienced around them, and they are often interacting socially with one or more other children. When I was teaching in a Waldorf (Rudolf Steiner) preschool, the most frequently heard comment at the November parent evening was, “Ryan is so much more imaginative now” or “Heather plays so much better with her brother. There’s so much less fighting now, and they always seem to have something to do.” How can you encourage your child’s healthy free play? Here are some practical suggestions:

Value unstructured time for your child. Look at your child’s schedule and see if it needs simplifying.

Limit or switch off the media. Children should be playing with puppets, not watching them on television. Movement is the lifeblood of childhood.

Read and tell stories to your child. Images formed through listening involve entirely different parts of the brain than those received from television.

Provide simple costumes and toys which encourage imagination. Toys which aren’t very detailed such as cloth dolls without expressions and items found in nature engage active imagination better than cartoons or plastic action figures.

Arrange toys so the child is “drawn in.” Put the dolls to bed or arrange figures in a scene rather than having everything thrown together in a basket.

Provide time in nature and interaction with the four elements.

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The World Patient Association for Natural Health Invites You…

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Choose play-based programs for preschool and daycare.

Let your child help you with real work. “Helping” rinse the dishes, fold the laundry, or fix a bicycle is quality time, especially if you enjoy one another and don’t expect them to “get results” (being goaldirected makes it adult work, not child’s play).

Provide smaller-sized tools so your child can play out the things he has seen you doing—woodworking, cooking, etc. Children cannot help but imitate the world around them.

Encourage artistic activities which allow free expression: coloring on blank paper, painting, modeling with colored beeswax, etc.

When our children are adults, most of the jobs available will not even have been thought of today. And the world they will be inheriting will demand adults who can think creatively and who are able to act with courage and initiative. By putting your attention on the value and quality of free play, you will be helping your child reclaim his or her natural birth right, creative imagination, and you will be giving him or her important preparation for adult life. For references and additional information about the author and topic, please visit: www.pathwaystofamilywellness.org/references


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fa m i ly l i f e

Bridget Horan, DC, DACCP

Keeping our Babies Safe in Motion

Well actually, my son, Xander, and I usually have to venture out everyday. The one thing I can count on is that when I put Xander in his car seat I have done everything possible to make him safe on our journey. When I was pregnant, I went to register for my baby shower. What a confusing and overwhelming experience to say the least. You have the list of “necessities” and the little sensor gun. Of course, once you got started, the things like bedding, towels, and clothes were easy. You just picked the color scheme you wanted. Then, it was time to pick out the stroller and high chair. These items were also based on the look, color, and ease of setting up and taking down. Now, I was almost done. I had only the car seat left. I remember standing there in the aisle just staring. I had no idea what I needed. There were infant-only seats, toddler seats, convertible seats, and booster seats. There were instructions on them regarding forward facing and rear facing. Did they all fit in every car? Will my baby need the same seat or different seats? Was it based on age or weight? I had to stop

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© Photographer: Mathieu Viennet | Agency: Dreamstime.com

Although I would love to stay at home all day with my baby, my life requires me to leave home on occasion.


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and think a minute. I then decided to call a few friends who already have children. After those phone calls, I didn’t know if I felt any better. Each friend had a different brand and style. Each friend had different advice on why their seat was the best. I decided to start with the one that was made for the smallest baby. I chose an infant seat. That seems like so long ago. I made a very good choice that day but I have definitely learned a lot since then. I have learned that the best seat for your child is the one that fits your child the best, is used properly, and is used every time you drive. The American Academy of Pediatrics has issued some basic guidelines for Car Seat Safety. There are as follows: Always use a car seat. Read the car seat manufacturer’s instructions and keep them with the car seat. Read your vehicle owner’s manual for important information on how to install the car seat correctly for your specific vehicle. The safest place for all children is in the back seat. Never place a child in a rear-facing car seat in the front seat of a vehicle with an active passenger airbag. The harness system holds your child in the car safety seat. The seat belt or lower anchors and tethers for children (LATCH) system hold the car seat in the car. All of these may sound like common sense, but many children are unnecessarily injured in car accidents because car seats are used incorrectly or not at all. Children are improperly placed in them or are in a car seat not right for their size. Many safety experts believe that 80–90% of car seats are not installed and/or used properly.1 Nationally, motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for children ages 1 to 14 years. We can take steps to change these statistics.2 In my state, Illinois, the law requires that a child from birth to 8 years of age be transported in an appropriate child safety seat or booster seat when traveling in a vehicle. Children between the ages of 8 and 16 must be secured in a seatbelt.2 There are different types of seats for the different ages and weights your child will grow through. There are infant seats, which your baby should be in from birth until one year of age and 20 pounds. There are convertible safety seats, which should be used rear-facing prior to your child’s first birthday and until your child reaches 20 pounds. Some rear-facing seats may allow your child to remain rearfacing until 30 pounds. The convertible seat should be utilized forward-facing when your child weighs between 20 to 40 pounds and is at least one year old. Most forward-facing child seats have an upper weight limit of 40 pounds and should not be used if your child weighs more than 40 pounds. A belt-positioning booster seat should be utilized if your child weighs approximately 40 to 80 pounds. Some booster seats have upper weight limits of 100 pounds. These are general guidelines, so always check the weight and height limits for the seat that you purchase.2 If you are using a used car seat the American Academy of Pediatrics strongly suggests, be sure to keep a few things in mind. How old is your car seat? Check with the manufacturer for recommendations regarding how long a seat is usable.3 Most seats come with an expiration date. Most guidelines indicate a child safety seat should only be used for 6 years from its manufacture date.2 Has the car seat

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ever been in a crash? If so, it should not be used. Are there manufacturer labels with the seat name or model number? If not, you should not use it because you will not be able to keep current with recalls. Are there instructions with the car seat? If not, you need to get them from the manufacturer before you use the car seat. Don’t use if the frame has any cracks or is missing parts.3 Now, your next step is to learn how to use the seat you picked out. One of my biggest inspirations for writing this article is that I commonly hear mother’s talk about how excited they are to finally have their children forward facing now because they are twenty pounds. I am very concerned because these children have not reached the age of one year yet. Carefully read the instructions that came with the car seat and the owner’s manual for your specific vehicle when installing the car seat. Fill out and mail the owner’s card that came with the seat. This is how you will be notified if there is ever a safety recall on the seat. If you still have problems getting the child seat to fit properly in your vehicle, you can have your seat checked by a Certified Child Safety Seat Technician. Many police departments, fire departments, and hospitals have trained Technicians to assist in getting the seat installed properly. To locate a technician in your area, go to www.nhtsa.dot.gov and click on “Locate a Child Safety Seat Inspection Station” in the Child Passenger Safety section. You can also have your child seat installation checked at a local Car Seat Checkup Event. A list of events can be obtained on the Internet by conducting a search of “Car Seat Checkup Event [your state].” You can also find additional information on child seat safety and laws at the NHTSA website.2 The placement and fitting of the belts on your child in the seat is so important. Please read the manual of the seat and the car to determine where the belts go. The car seat harness should be adjusted so you can only slip one finger underneath the strap at your child’s chest. The harness retainer clip should be positioned across the chest at the armpit level.4 These guidelines are in place to keep your children safe. My frustration regarding the mothers who have turned their infants’ car seats forward too early, is that, although their children may weigh 20 pounds it does not mean they have the musculoskeletal system of a one-year old. The forward direction dramatically increases the probability of serious cervical spine fractures and neurological deficits.5 This is all the more reason to leave your infant rear facing as long as possible. Infants are not necessarily “little adults.” Their skulls are more fragile, their heads are proportionately larger, and their rib cage is thinner. Because they have small stature and their musculoskeletal system is not fully developed, they need the added protection of the car safety seats. According to the National Safety Belt Coalition, car seat restraints provide a “ride-down” benefit during rapid deceleration which works to allow the child’s body to stop as the vehicle is slowing, reducing the forces on the child’s body and preventing contact with hard surfaces inside the vehicle, with other occupants, the road, or other vehicles. They also act to spread crash forces over the broad area of the body, thereby reducing forces on any particular part of the body, and distributing these forces to the strongest parts of the skeleton such as the hips, back, and shoulders.1 Even our bigger children need special accommodations when riding in our cars. According to SafetyBeltSafe USA, young children who are placed in vehicle belts rather than booster seats are 59% more likely to suffer devastating injuries, including severe damage to the brain, liver, spleen, and spinal cord. Most children need to use a booster seat from about age 4 until at least age 8–10 for maximum protection and improved comfort in the car. Answer this 5-step test the next time you and your child ride together in the car to determine if he or she should still be in a booster seat.6

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The 5-Step Safety Belt Test Does the child sit all the way back against the auto seat? Do the child’s knees bend comfortably at the edge of the auto seat? Does the belt cross the shoulder between the neck and arm? Is the lap belt as low as possible, touching the thighs? Can the child stay seated like this for the whole trip? If you answered “no” to any of these questions, your child needs a booster seat to make both the shoulder and lap belt right for the best crash protection. You can also find additional information at www.boosterseat.gov. After reading this, there is no reason not to have your child in their car seat every time they are in a vehicle. It does require extra planning sometimes. You have to think ahead when you are traveling. You need to decide if you are going to take your child’s car seat on the plane with you, or are you going to arrange for a car seat for the rental car. I have never had a problem getting a car seat, both an infant and a toddler seat, when I have rented a car. In my experience, limo and taxi services don’t have car seats available because they are not legally obligated to. It is necessary to bring your own. Hopefully, after reading this article, you will take the time to do the extra planning. Another tempting scenario occurs when your baby is crying too hard in the car seat while you are traveling and you don’t think you can stop anywhere. It really isn’t worth it to take your child out of his seat. Your child is safer crying in the seat than out of the seat. I can’t begin to count the amount of times I pulled over into a parking lot to take care of my crying infant. I would just jump in the back seat and nurse him. It usually didn’t take longer than 10–15 minutes. He was soothed and ready to ride again. Some other helpful tools for the fussy car rider are to be sure he is comfortable in his seat and that nothing is pinching or too tight. Have some car toys handy, play soothing music, use a window shade if the sun is a problem, and sometimes even a window slightly open to allow a little airflow will calm your baby down. You can try to plan your car rides during naptime, and if all else fails, plan your trips when someone else is home to watch your child. No matter how careful we are and how well we plan, accidents happen. Although accidents can be devastating for the whole family, our small children are especially at risk. According to the American Chiropractic Association Council on Occupational Health, the weight of the head of a child makes the cervical spine much more vulnerable to injury. The infant has little control in the muscles of the neck, and the head can bounce from side to side and fall forward, which can cause serious spine and neck injury.7 Children have more flexible upper bodies and shoulders. This is why it is so important to have the belts fastened correctly. Consequently, the head and cervical spine

of a newborn are the most likely to be injured.8 Be sure the harness comes all the way up, over the shoulders. This is also why there is a need for these specially designed child safety seats. A study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Kentucky and reported in Nation’s Health found a 37% drop in infant fatalities since 1982, ever since the state law mandated the use of child car seats.7 Of course, these fatal injuries are the ones we want to protect our children from the most. It has been noted that some soft tissue injuries and strains to the neck and low back may be caused by the seat belts themselves. Even though these spinal injuries can be very serious, a child under the age of 4 is still 10 times more likely to be killed if they are unrestrained.9 Because of these injuries, it is important to have any injury, no matter how small you think it is, assessed by your chiropractor. Your chiropractor can examine your child and determine the extent of the injury along with developing a treatment plan for the resolution of such injury. Injuries can even occur when there is no collision. It has been found that sudden swerves, stops, and turning corners cause movements of children in a vehicle and subsequent injury.9 Even though your child may not complain of pain, he may have other symptoms indicative of cervical spine injury. A wide range of pediatric symptomatology may result from a suboccipital strain including fever of unknown origin, loss of appetite, sleeping disorders, asymmetric motor patterns, and alterations of posture.10 Your chiropractor can determine if any of these symptoms may be caused by injury to your child’s spine. So, if you were ever in an accident, it would be in the best interest of your family to have everyone in the car get their spine checked as soon as possible. The qualities of our child safety seats are constantly improving, as are the vehicles we ride in. This article is not meant to scare you from ever taking your child in the car, but to educate you on how to keep your children securely fastened and protected in the car as possible. I hope when you are finished with this magazine, you will find the manual to your car and car seat and be sure your seat is properly installed. Buckle up and set a good example for your children by using your seat belt every time you drive. Happy travels to you and your family.

For references and additional information about the author and topic, please visit: www.pathwaystofamilywellness.org/references

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seasonal

Sun Exposure Increases Survival of Melanoma Van D. Merkle, DC, CCN, DABCI, DACBN

We’ve been told for many years that the sun is bad! According to the Mayo Clinic, all forms of skin cancer have been on the rise. The greatest rise has been in melanoma, which is the most serious and most deadly type of skin cancer. Even with our sun-phobic, sunscreen-wearing society, the percentage of people with melanoma has more than doubled over the last 30 years.

Š Photographer: Alex Bramwell | Agency: Dreamstime.com

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In contradiction to the “typical” skin cancer prevention advice, the journal Cancer in March 2002, did an examination of 506 regions and found a close inverse correlation between cancer mortality and levels of ultraviolet B light. The likeliest mechanism for a protective effect of sunlight is vitamin D, which is synthesized by the body in the presence of ultraviolet B. In a more recent study in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute [February 2, 2005], 528 melanoma patients were assessed. It was found that self-reported skin awareness, high intermittent sun exposure, and even sunburn were all linked to improved survival from melanoma. Attempting to explain their findings, the authors note that sun exposure is essential for the skin to make vitamin D3. Vitamin D has anticancer properties and therefore could explain the beneficial association between sun exposure and survival from melanoma. So, where does this leave our devotion to sunscreen? According to a researcher from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York, sunscreen does not protect against melanoma. However, interestingly enough, octyl methoxycinnamate (OMC), which is present in 90% of sunscreen brands, was found to kill mouse skin cells even at low doses in a study by Norwegian scientists. There are also many other chemicals in sunscreens to be concerned about. According to the National Institute of Health, sunscreens with a sun protection factor of 8 or greater will block UV rays that produce vitamin D. Along with increased risk of cancer, Vitamin D deficiency is associated with weakened bones, osteoporosis in elderly individuals, in post-menopausal women, and in individuals on chronic steroid therapy; insulin deficiency and insulin resistance; progression of degenerative arthritis of the knee and hip; infertility; PMS; fatigue and depression; auto immune disorders; obesity; and Syndrome X. We have been told the sun is bad and we should limit our sun exposure. So, we did as we always do…we went overboard. We slather on the sunscreen and we work indoors so much that we hardly get ANY full spectrum sun exposure. Another component to this puzzle is the attack on Vitamin D

supplementation. So now, we’re not making vitamin D the way we should from the sun exposure and the fear stories in the media have us scared to take even 400IU of Vitamin D. This has obviously created a problem. It’s easy to blame everything on the sun when you don’t have good science. None of these studies on skin cancer even mention or consider high consumption of raw, fresh fruits and vegetables, antioxidant supplementation or consumption of good quality, natural fats. In addition, look at all of the chemicals we are putting on our skin on a day-to-day basis. Read the ingredient labels on your skin care products and cosmetics. Take some time to find out what those ingredients are and any potential side effects they may have. I think you will be quite surprised and have some great ammunition to prevent skin cancer. If you are interested in findings good quality skin care products, refer to your local health food store or go online to www.allnaturalcosmetics.com Even though the above-mentioned study suggests that sunburn may play a positive factor in survival from skin cancer, we still suggest you use caution in regard to burning the skin. To avoid a sunburn, slowly work yourself into exposing your skin to the sun in the early season. Optimal hours of sun exposure are morning hours until noon and evening hours, 3:00 p.m. to dark. Instead of toxic chemical sunscreens, use clothing and hats to shelter your skin when you must be outside for longer periods of time. Or try one of the natural sunscreens by Aubrey Organics or allnaturalcosmetics.com. For light skinned people, about 10–20 minutes of exposure is enough to increase you natural vitamin D production. For the darker skinned people, 20-30 minutes may be necessary. During the winter, if you have problems with seasonal depression due to Vitamin D deficiency, you can try supplementing your diet or going to a tanning bed for 8-10 minutes per session, once or twice per week. Getting a blood test will help determine how much you need; contact our office for more details.

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Make an Impression Should you get burned, we recommend the following regimen to help the skin to heal and repair:

Donate to Chiropractic Research For over 100 years, families have enjoyed the benefits of chiropractic care for their overall health and well-being. Many of these people see ways to give back to the source which improved their overall quality of life.

A 150-pound adult, should take 6000–10,000mg Vitamin C, 1200IU Vitamin E ,100,000–150,000mg Beta Carotene ,3000mg EPA/DHA , and 240mg GLA for a few days. Be sure to drink lots of clean water and apply cool aloe vera gel to the affected area. A 50-pound child should be given 500–1000mg Vitamin C, 400IU Vitamin E, 25,000mg Beta Carotene, and 1000mg EPA/DHA and drink lots of clean water (no juice, pop, milk, etc.). Apply cool aloe vera gel to the affected area. Federal Law requires that we warn you of the following: 1. The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only. 2. Your individual health status and any required health care treatments can only be properly addressed by a professional healthcare provider of your choice. Remember: There is no adequate substitution for a personal consultation with your chosen health care provider. Therefore, we encourage you to make your own health care decisions based upon your research and in partnership with a qualified health care professional. Dr. Merkle is a Certified Clinical Nutritionist and has two Diplomate Degrees in nutrition. He has a private nutrition and chiropractic practice in Dayton, Ohio. Please visit his website at www.Bk2Health.com. For additional information about science-based nutrition visit www.sciencebasednutrition.com

For references and additional information about the author and topic, please visit: www.pathwaystofamilywellness.org/references

Donate today! Donate $100 or more and receive a free subscription to Pathways!

With your donation we are able to… • Conduct research relevant to health in pregnancy, birth and childhood • Promote family wellness lifestyles • Offer parents resources to make informed health care choices • Keep the public informed about advances in chiropractic care

www.icpa4kids.org 610-565-2360 As a nonprofit, 501(c)(3) organization, the ICPA depends on our members to help fund our work. Whether you are a practitioner or layperson, we welcome your support and are grateful for your generosity.

Inspiring the creation of communities seeking wholeness locally and globally. We welcome all who wish to make informed choices, for holistic health care, birthing, breastfeeding, attachment parenting, schooling, nutritious whole foods, and environmentally conscious living.

www.familiesfornaturalliving.org


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research review How Hugs Can Aid Women’s Hearts The study showed hugs increased levels of oxytocin, a “bonding” hormone, and reduced blood pressure—which cuts the risk of heart disease. Writing in the Psychosomatic Medicine, the researchers reported women recorded greater reductions in blood pressure than men after their hugs. During the study, the men and women were taken to separate rooms to test their blood pressure and levels of oxytocin, which is released during childbirth and breastfeeding, and cortisol, a stress hormone. The couples were then reunited and asked to sit together and talk about a time when they were particularly happy. They then watched five minutes of a romantic film before being left to talk to each other for a further 10 minutes. Next, the couples were asked to hug for 20 seconds. Both men and women were seen to have higher levels of oxytocin after the hug. People in loving relationships were found to have higher levels of the hormone than others. But the study also found all women had reduced levels of cortisol following the hug, as well as reporting the blood pressure benefits. The researchers, led by psychologist Dr. Karen Grewen, wrote in Psychosomatic Medicine, “Greater partner support is linked to higher oxytocin levels for both men and women. “However, the importance of oxytocin and its potentially cardioprotective effects may be greater for women Dr. Charmaine Griffiths, spokesperson for the British Heart Foundation, said, “Scientists are increasingly interested in the possibility that positive emotions can be good for your health. This study has reinforced research findings that support from a partner, in this case a hug from a loved one, can have beneficial effects on heart health.” She added, “British Heart Foundation researchers have already demonstrated links between a positive emotional state, such as happiness, and low levels of the stress hormone, cortisol.”

Sunshine Prevents Cancer The increase of Vitamin D through sunlight, diet or supplements may decrease the risk of breast cancer by 50 percent and colorectal cancer by more than 65 percent, according to two recent studies conducted at the University of San Diego. The breast cancer study was published online in the most recent issue of the Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. The colorectal cancer study was published online in the February 6 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

© Photographer: Mihaicalin | Agency: Dreamstime.com

The studies used meta-analysis to pool data from multiple previous studies, in order to increase precision and be able to draw conclusions that the original data did not allow. Researchers divided subjects into groups based on their blood levels of vitamin D, and compared the incidence of cancer between groups. “The data were very clear, showing that individuals in the group with the lowest blood levels had the highest rates of breast cancer, and the breast cancer rates dropped as the blood levels...increased,” said Cedric Garland, co-author of one of the studies.

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Breastfeeding Protects Mother from Heart Attacks Breastfeeding is known to boost an infant’s health— and now it seems it may be good for the mother as well. In a study of 96,648 nurses who gave birth between 1986 and 2002, those who had spent at least two years breastfeeding were 19% less likely to suffer a heart attack than those who had not breastfed at all. The leader of the study in New Scientist journal, Alison Steube of the Harvard Medical School, said that nursing a newborn may help a mother’s metabolism © Photographer: Maja Schon | Agency: Dreamstime.com

switch from pregnancy mode back to normal. “Ultimately, when you decide to breastfeed your baby, what’s foremost in your mind is not whether it will prevent you having a heart attack, but that it will be the best nutritional choice for your baby and an incredible bonding experience.”

New Zealand SIDS Death Rate Decreases

A NZ scientist showed a link between SIDS and the toxic fumes emitted by mattresses.

New statistics released by the New Zealand Ministry of Health show that the national rate of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) fell by 70% after an educational campaign in wrapping mattresses with special polyethelene covers was begun. The program began after research by a NZ scientist showed a link between SIDS and the toxic fumes emitted by mattresses. According to the statistics, NZ Maori babies are 10 times more likely than NZ European (Pakeha) babies to die of SIDS.2 Following the implementation of mattress-wrapping by the Pakeha community over the last eleven years (with an 85% reduction in their SIDS rate), New Zealand has the highest inter-ethnic SIDS disparity of any country in the world. In contrast to the US and UK, where back sleeping has been adopted as a method to prevent crib death, New Zealand began to publicize mattress-wrapping in 1994, with the practice widely adopted. Since then, the rate of deaths on unwrapped mattresses has continued to increase, while no deaths have been reported for babies sleeping on wrapped mattresses. Another advantage to this solution is that babies can sleep in a variety of positions and not suffer from plagiocephaly, or flattened heads. The results of the New Zealand mattress-wrapping program have been published in two peer-reviewed journals of environmental medicine3 and far exceed the results of any other SIDS prevention program in the world. For references and additional information about the author and topic, please visit: www.icpa4kids.org/research/wellness.htm pathways | issue 14

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research review The Rotavirus Vaccine is Back—Including its Risk of Severe Injury. to cause intussusception in pediatric patients who received the live, oral, vaccine. Results of injuries from the vaccine included emergency surgery and even death. The vaccine was taken off the market. Now in 2007, the new improved rotavirus vaccine has been reintroduced. Twenty-eight reported cases of injury related to the vaccine occurred during and after the 3-dose vaccine regimen, and almost half occurred within 21 days of vaccination (range, 0–73

© Photographer: Chris Townsend | Agency: Dreamstime.com

Back in 1998, the FDA first approved of the Rotavirus vaccine. It was taken off the market when it was shown

days). Fortunately, no deaths resulted, 16 infants required hospitalization and intestinal surgery; the remaining 12 had reduction of the intussusception by contrast or air enema. As with all vaccine reactions, healthcare professionals and parents are encouraged to report cases vaccine adverse events to VAERS at www.vaers.hhs.gov or by calling 1-800-822-7967 for a report form.

Additional Dangers of Fluoridated Water Confirmed

Now comes a report from the CDC stating that trace amounts of arsenic are found in fluoride chemicals added to drinking water supplies. Trace levels of arsenic in drinking water increase a person’s risk of developing cancer, according to a report from the prestigious US National Academy of Sciences. “People drinking water containing just one part per billion of arsenic have

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“We’re glad the CDC finally admits that arsenic can be found in fluoridation chemicals. But CDC should go further and list all undesirable chemicals and impurities allowed in the fluoridation chemicals, and make it publicly known so consumers truly can make an informed choice,” says Beeber. Paul S. Beeber, Esq., is President and General Counsel, of New York State Coalition Opposed to Fluoridation, Inc. “Modern science establishes that fluoridation is ineffective at reducing tooth decay, harmful to health and a waste of taxpayer money,” says Beeber. New York State Coalition Opposed to Fluoridation, Inc. nyscof@aol.com The Lillie Center, Inc. www.thelilliecenter.com Contact: Daniel G. Stockin Organic Consumers: alerts.organicconsumers.org/trk/ click?ref=zqtbkk3um_0-60x3c6x3176152&

© Photographer: Ieva Geneviciene | Agency: Dreamstime.com

On November 9, the American Dental Association (ADA) finally admitted that fluoride levels in common tap water could be dangerous for infants. The ADA recommended that fluoridated water should NOT be mixed into concentrated formula or foods intended for babies. The ADA’s announcement comes on the heels of a National Research Council report that revealed fluoridation’s adverse effects to the thyroid gland and to diabetics, kidney patients, high water drinkers and others. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has added to the debate with a new report showing that fluoride absorbs into enamel topically. However, adverse effects occur upon ingestion.

an increased risk of developing bladder or lung cancer of one in 1,000,” reports New Scientist magazine.


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pa r e n t s p e r s p e c t i v e

Chiropractic Comforts Baby We sought out chiropractic care because our 6-month-old son, Rex, was very colicky, gassy and suffered from a stuffy nose. Rex couldn’t sleep well at all either. Chiropractic has changed our lives. It is so unbelievable to see my baby do “normal” things without crying in constant pain. He is able to lay in his car seat and make it down the road in the car without crying because of painful gas. He can now sleep through the night without waking every 20 minutes to an hour because of painful gas.

He is a completely changed baby and we’ve only been under care for three weeks! Rex is now rolling over and enjoying his tummy time without pain. He is a completely changed baby and we’ve only been under care for three weeks! Rex is finally on the road to a healthy and happy life thanks to chiropractic care! Mother of Rex L. Minnesota, USA

© Photographer: Ieva Geneviciene | Agency: Dreamstime.com

Both Rex and his mother are under care with Andrew Kuecher, DC, FICPA. He is an active ICPA member and supporter and has earned his 120 Hour Pediatric Certification with the ICPA.

Do you have a chiropractic story about yourself or a family member that you want to share with us? Send it to: info@pathwaystofamilywellness.org and we will use it in an upcoming issue in Pathways to allow more parents to understand the many benefits of family chiropractic care. pathways pathways | | issue 11 14

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fa m i ly w e l l n e s s f o r u m

Adjusting Infants? Certainly! I have heard that even babies should see a chiropractor to ensure they are aligned, especially after birth. My son is seven weeks old and was born via cesarean. I don’t know what you advocate in regards to infant chiropractic care or if you recommend it at all. Please advise.

My husband and I have been seeing infants in my practice since 1981 and all six of our children (even though they had natural home births) were checked immediately after birth. This is because as doctors of chiropractic who read the literature on birth and have also witnessed numerous births, we can say that the birth process even under normal, natural circumstances can be traumatic to the infant’s spine and cranium. This trauma may adversely affect the infant’s nerve system function and therefore affect the infant’s future health potential. Most hospital births include unnecessary trauma. The routine procedures of technological birth (anesthesia, maternal positions, a fearful environment) all contribute to increases in complications and often result in invasive, traumatic births. As we are seeing in the US, the startling rise in c-section deliveries is a good indication that these routine procedures are not leading to safer more natural births but rather to the practice of more invasive, unnatural procedures. Infant and maternal mortality rates are rising, not declining. Technology is not necessarily providing safer care. A c-section delivery has as much, if not more, trauma than a vaginal birth. The pull force on the baby’s head and neck during the c-section may be considerably greater than a regular vaginal birth because the uterine muscles of the mother are not assisting the delivery process. Most moms who have had a c-section describe a pulling and tugging sensation as the baby was being taken out of the belly. This pulling (which sometimes even lifts the mother from the table) is the amount of force that is pulling on the baby’s fragile spine. Pulling, stretching, twisting the baby’s spine during delivery is known to cause nerve system stress. Mechanical devises such as forceps and vacuum contribute excessive stresses to the baby’s cranium, spine and nerve system. Additionally in a c-section, the baby’s cranium does not experience the passage through the birth canal where the cranial bones naturally overlap each other in the vaginal birth process. This overlapping, passage through

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Immediately after birth, a newborn is adjusted. Photo courtesy of Pam Stone, DC.

the canal and birthing through the perineum allows the cranial bones to experience a natural cranial bone reset. For infants born c-section, we have found that cranial care right after birth is essential as they have not had the opportunity to experience the natural cranial molding. It is my suggestion for you to check out www.icpa4kids.org to find a Doctor of Chiropractic in your area who cares for infants. I believe all babies should be checked by a qualified chiropractor right after birth, especially c-section babies who may need additional cranial care. Also, for future pregnancies, you may want to get under regular chiropractic care as well—it will help restore normal biomechanical function to your pelvis throughout pregnancy and facilitate a safer, easier birth in the future. You can find a chiropractor on the ICPA website qualified to care for you throughout pregnancy as well. Finally, please check out the International Cesarean Awareness Network: www.ican-online.org for additional information in regards to your c-section. They, too will offer you options for greater support in future pregnancies and births.

Email your questions to Dr. Ohm at info@icpa4kids.com pathways | issue 14


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The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift. —Albert Einstein

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Pathways to Family Wellness - Issue #14