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In an anarchic world, state sovereignty or the respected authority for a given territory, is necessary for stability. The forms of this authority nevertheless, have become rather ambiguous with the emerging consequences of the modern era. Firstly the effects of globalisation have encouraged not only liberalised economic dealings worldwide, but increased public expectations of accountability with state actions. Secondly, the influence of non-state actors in global governance may also challenge traditional state authority in providing alternative modes of representation for citizen interests. At first, it may seem as though globalisation has swept over geographical boundaries with liberalised markets. To look further, however, suggests an alternate explanation. The financial crisis of 2008 exposed the dangers of economic integration yet government responses to the event may well demonstrate the continued importance of the state. While there continues to be a ‘crisis of neoliberalism’- the extent to which governments should intervene- nonetheless, it was only with government action could the financial crisis begin to slow (Dean 2010). One notable consequence of globalisation is the increased opportunities for government transparency, as recently highlighted by the Wikileaks website. A new form of publishing is occurring . This is a continuation of a phenomenon. In 1989, the media coverage of the Republic of China’s handling of student protests in Beijing was brought to light the extent to which globalised communications had advanced. It also highlighted the significance of communications technology as a tool for government accountability to the external world. It is important to remember that globalisation is an ongoing process and hence its effects are not fully predictable or wholly realised. New forms of global authority by non-state entities have provided citizens and groups with alternate political, economic and social expression. Our understanding of state sovereignty may need to be updated in context of globalisation and the interplay of state and non-state actors in global governance. Dean, M 2010, ‘Power at the heart of the present: Exception, risk and sovereignty’, European Journal of Cultural Studies, vol. 13, no.4, pp.459-475, Sage Journals Online.


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