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Drug-trafficking: FARC v. Paramilitaries A report by the Council on Hemispheric Affairs found no evidence of the FARC's export of drugs to the USA FARC operate a taxation system on the coca trade; it controls certain areas of Colombia, and in these regions generate revenue by “taxing” local drug related activities (Stokes, 2005)

http://www.coha.org/PressReleases/99.14 Colombia.html http://www.usdoj.gov/dea/pubs/cngrtest/c t970716.htm

Eextensive drug smuggling to the USA by right-wing paramilitary groups James Milfard, the former Deputy Administrator with the USA's central drug eradication body, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) : Carlos Castaño, the head of the paramilitary umbrella group AUC (United-Self Defence Forces of Colombia) is a major cocaine trafficker


Human Rights Abuses: FARC v. Paramilitaries In 2002 Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and the Washington Office on Latin America report evidence of human rights abuses by the Colombian army and support for paramilitary groups (http://www.hrw.org/press/2002/02/colombia0205.htm)

..paramilitaries have been by a wide margin the biggest killers of Colombian civilians. They have killed roughly five times as many civilians as have the guerillas http://www.rhul.ac.uk/economics/research/conflict/ US Department of State has consistently reported over a number of years that the paramilitaries are responsible for over 80 per cent of all recorded human rights abuses in Colombia http://www.stat.gov/www/global/human_rights/1999_hrp_report/colombia.html http://www.stat.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2000/why/8326.htm


Study of Restrepo and Spagat: The Colombian ConflictWhere is it Heading? Professor Jorge A. Restrepo Javeriana University and CERAC and Professor Michael Spagat Royal Holloway College-University of London and CERAC; CERAC Colombian conflict Database, 2005 Portfolio of Attacks by Guerrilla Groups 1988-2004 8%

2% 22%

20% 3%

8% 1%

9%

15% Source: CERAC Colombian Conflict Database, 2005

12%

Massacres 2% Incursion 8% Check point 20% Mass Kidnapping 1% Infrastructure 15% Means of Transport 12% Bombing 9% Ambush 8% Mine explosion 3% Other 22%


Study of Restrepo and Spagat: The Colombian ConflictWhere is it Heading? Professor Jorge A. Restrepo Javeriana University and CERAC and Professor Michael Spagat Royal Holloway College-University of London and CERAC; CERAC Colombian conflict Database, 2005 Portfolio of Attacks by Paramilitaries 1988-2004 5% 9%

16%

70%

Source: CERAC Colombian Conflict Database, 2005

Massacres 70% Incursion 16% Check point 9% Mass Kidnapping 5%


Drug-trafficking  

FARC operate a taxation system on the coca trade; it controls certain areas of Colombia, and in these regions generate revenue by “taxing” l...

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