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Azores NaturaL parks


TABLE OF CONTENTS WELCOME TO AZORES NATURAL PARKS // 4

Code of Conduct and Good Practice of the Natural Park // 6

FLORES NATURAL PARK // 8

Environmental Centres // 12 Walking Trails // 14 Points of Interest // 18

CORVO NATURAL PARK // 20

Environmental Centres // 24 Walking Trails // 26 Points of Interest // 28

FAIAL NATURAL PARK // 30

Environmental Centres // 34 Walking Trails // 40 Circuits // 44 Points of Interest // 46

PICO NATURAL PARK // 48

Environmental Centres // 52 Walking Trails // 56 Points of Interest // 64

Azores Natural Parks

ICONS

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Ticket office

Restrooms

Cark park

Shop

Adapted restrooms

Permanent exhibition

Cafeteria

Auditorium

Wine tasting

Card payment accepted

Film projection

Registration required


SÃO JORGE NATURAL PARK // 66 Environmental Centres // 70 Walking Trails // 72 Fajãs of São Jorge // 76 Points of Interest // 78

GRACIOSA NATURAL PARK // 80 Environmental Centres // 84 Walking Trails // 86 Points of Interest // 88

TERCEIRA NATURAL PARK // 90 Environmental Centres // 94 Circuits // 96 Walking Trails // 98 Points of Interest // 102

SÃO MIGUEL NATURAL PARK // 106 Environmental Centres // 110 Walking Trails // 114 Points of Interest // 122

SANTA MARIA NATURAL PARK // 126 Environmental Centres // 130 Walking Trails // 132 Circuits // 136 Points of Interest // 138

Guided Tours

Guide book

Waterproof clothing Hat Sunscreen

Multimedia kiosk

Water Hiking shoes

Azores Natural Parks

Play area

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Forget-me-not (Myosotis azorica) //©NRodrigues

The Azores archipelago is the westernmost

the strong influence of the Gulf Stream, haven

part of Europe, located roughly at one third

given it a wide variety of geologic landscapes,

of the way between the west coast of Europe

derived from different types of volcanism and

(1 600km) and the eastern coast of North America

subsequent dynamics of several modeling agents.

(3 900km). The nine islands are divided in three

Thus, 121 geosites were identified in the archipelago

groups: western (Flores and Corvo), central

and are included in the Azores Geopark.

(Faial, Pico, São Jorge, Graciosa and Terceira) and eastern (São Miguel and Santa Maria). Each

The natural vegetation of the Azores is composed of

island presents a distinct physiography and

one of the last and oldest virgin forests of Europe:

dimension, totaling an area of approximately 2

the laurifolia rainforest, or as it is commonly known,

333km2 and a length of about 600km.

laurel forest. The geodiversity and biodiversity of the

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This extremely complex geological area has

conditions of the area. In fact, in the archipelago

unique characteristics in terms of geodynamics,

were identified 958 species of vascular flora, of which

which gives the Azorean islands an active nature,

about 75 are endemic, i.e., are found spontaneously

particularly in regards to volcanism and seismicity.

nowhere else in the world. The introduction of

The Azores are the emerged part of a submarine

species that have become invasive over the years and

elevation, formed by the accumulation of volcanic

overexploitation of certain indigenous species, as a

deposits laid on the seabed. The morphological

result of the settlement, have harmed a part of this

origin, remote location, relative young nature and

biodiversity. However, much of this precious natural

Balea heydeni maltzan //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Azores Natural Parks

islands are closely linked to the various ecological


Great Crested Newt (Triturus cristatus) //ŠPauloHSilva/siaram

Dicranocephalus agilis //ŠPauloHSilva/siaram

treasure has survived to this day, reflection of the

development, and although integrating one single

lush beauty from times past.

archipelago, have specific characteristics that make each one unique. Their bio and geodiversity

The faunal richness of the Azores is also to be

are elements of our identity, a heritage that

noted.

requires

Regarding

invertebrates,

arthropods

careful,

ongoing

and

sustainable

(insects, spiders, mites, crustaceans, millipedes

management so that nothing is lost and and this

and centipedes) are the most diverse group and

legacy can be fruitful for future generations.

are abundant in native habitats. In a total of 2 298 species and subspecies, 266 are exclusively

In order to preserve this precious natural world,

found on these islands. Of the 70 species of

regional legislative decrees created the Azores

terrestrial vertebrates, 38 are breeding birds, of

Natural Parks that constitute the Protected Areas

which we highlight the Common Wood Pigeon

Management Unit. This structure integrates all

(Columba palumbus azorica) and the Common

classified areas and allows the management of the

Buzzard (Buteo buteo rothschildi), the latter seen

territory, oriented towards diversity conservation

as a symbol of the archipelago. Mammals present

and sustainable use of natural resources, in order to

low diversity, however, one endemic species

promote tourism and the welfare of our population.

deserves special highlight: the Azorean Bat (Nyctalus azoreum).

Welcome to the Azores Natural Parks.

The nine islands are truly a living specimen

Spergularia azorica//ŠPauloHSilva/siaram

Archipelago of the Azores

of the past, mixed with human presence and


CODE OF CONDUCT AND GOOD PRACTICE OF THE NATURAL PARK The important natural, cultural and visual values of the protected areas and the increasing demand of leisure activities in direct contact with nature and Holcus rigidus //©PauloHSilva/siaram

local cultures have been transforming these sites into new touristic destinations. When you visit the Natural Park note a set of rules of conduct essential not only for your safety, but also for the preservation and sustainable development of the protected areas, allowing everyone to enjoy this natural heritage.

HELP PRESERVING THE PROTECTED AREAS > Respect the ways of life and local traditions; > Respect private property; close the gates you cross during the trails; > The trails must be conducted in small groups. The excess of visitors can cause soil erosion and destruction of vegetation; > Do not make noises that might disturb the peace of the place; enjoy the sounds of nature; > Observe the wildlife from a distance with binoculars or other appropriate optical equipment, especially during periods of mating and nesting; > Do not start bonfires, opt for flashlights and proper warm clothing; > Do not pick plants or collect geological samples. Allow other visitors to also admire the richness of the different sites. Take photographs: they provide the memories of good moments and record the beauty of the landscape;

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Landscape of Terceira island //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Azores Natural Parks

> Do not leave your waste. Take it to a collection service. As an old maxim says: “Leave nothing but footprints, take nothing more than memories and photographs”; > If you witness situations that violate the rules of environmental protection, report it immediately to local authorities.


FOR YOUR SAFETY > Never conduct a trail alone. Communicate to a person you trust the route you intend to follow as well as when you intend to conduct it; > Follow only the marked paths and do not take short cuts. Respect the signs; > Keep a distance from the domestic cattle. Although tame, they do not like the approach of strangers, especially to their offsprings; > Observe the traffic rules. A group going uphill has Levada //ŠPauloHSilva/siaram

the priority over the one going downhill; > Keep a steady speed. Do not rush or trail behind. If you feel too tired alert the rest of the group. If you are part of a guided tour, never outrun the guide. Do not endanger your safety or the one of other walkers; > Make sure that you have the proper equipment. We suggest that you take comfortable footwear

IF YOU ARE LOST

and clothing as well as a backpack that allows the

> Keep calm, panic is your worst enemy. Do not run

distribution of weight, containing water, snacks, a

frantically looking for the trail or walk randomly. The

waste bag, sunscreen, the map of the protected

first thing that rescuers do is position themselves

area, a compass, a whistle, a waterproof jacket and

where you were last seen;

the contacts of local authorities.

> Use your cell phone to warn the authorities. If this does not work, yell for help or whistle to signal your location. Repeat the call in different directions or use the whistle; > Never leave the trail. If you have left it and are alone, it is advisable to try and find the way back to the trail; > Use a compass or map to get to a place where you can be found more easily. If you do not have a compass but have an idea of the position and apparent motion of the sun, find the direction East - West. In some places the bark of trees facing North may be more humid (observe various species in order to detect a pattern); exhausted, or if the weather is bad, save your energy and protect yourself from the cold. In this case, a fire may be crucial: in addition to providing heat, it will help the rescuers to locate you.

Azores Natural Parks

Scabiosa nitens //ŠPauloHSilva/siaram

> If you have to stay overnight and are wounded,

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Flores Natural park


Poço das Patas //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Flores Natural Park, established in 2011, presents notable aspects as the biggest and best conserve wooded peatlands in the North Atlantic and a considerable amount of lagoons. Here it is also possible to find two of the rarest plants of the world, the Veronica dabneyi and the forget-me-not (Myosotis azorica). Flores Island includes several areas classified in Natura 2000

Grey Triggerfish (Balistes capriscus) // ©JGoçalves/Image DOP

Network, one Ramsar Site and six priority geosites. The Park has several classified protected areas that cover a third of the total area of the island and distributed by three Nature Reserves, one Natural Monument, three Habitat/Species Management Protected Areas, one Protected Landscape Area and two Resource Management Protected Areas. There available to its visitors the Boqueirão Environmental Interpretation Centre and four walking trails that go through several protected areas. Flores Island entered the World Network of Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO in May 27, 2009, joining Corvo and

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Lagoa da Lomba //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Flores Natural Park

Graciosa Islands.


Fetterbush Butterfly (Pieris brassicae azorensis) //©PBorges

Poço da Alagoínha //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Azores Ivy (Hedera azorica) //©PauloHSilva/siaram


ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRES BOQUEIRÃO ENVIRONMENTAL INTERPRETATION CENTRE The Boqueirão Environmental Interpretation Centre (CIAB) was created in the tanks where the whale oil, melted in the Boqueirão Whaling Station, was stored. It is a space dedicated to the promotion and knowledge of the most interesting environmental places of the island, with highlight to the marine environments. Here you can learn about resident and migratory birds, living beings that live in the intertidal zone and water column, cetaceans and hydrothermal vents. It is a privileged place for the promotion of scientific knowledge, enriching the experience of those who visit the Natural Park. The CIAB was chosen to integrate the “Architecture Guide – South and Islands of Portugal” in 2011; it also integrated the “Mostra Ibérica de Património Arquitéctonico – La MIPA” project, within the Lisbon Architecture Triennale 2013 “Close, Closer”; and it was referenced / published in several websites and trade magazines.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may tue to fri: 10h00 - 17h00 sat: 14h00 - 17h30 closed: sun | mon | holidays1 | Mardi Gras | 24 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00 The management company reserves the right to close the establishment, according to the weather conditions.

GUIDED TOURS

01 oct to 31 may: tue to fri: 10h30 | 14h30 | 16h00 sat: 14h30 | 16h00 01 jun to 30 sep: 10h30 | 15h00 | 16h30 Visit duration: 60 minutes Maximum number of people per visit: 20

LOCATION

Rua do Boqueirão, 2-A 9970 - 390 Santa Cruz das Flores GPS: 39°27’46,419”N ; 31°07’46,5”W

CONTACTS

Tlf: (+351) 292 542 447 - Email: pnflores.boqueirao@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Full ticket: 2,50€ Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 4€ Whaling Station Ticket2: 2,50€ Combined Ticket (Boqueirão Environmental Interpretation Centre + Whaling Station)2: 4€ Combined Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old)2: 6,50€

DISCOUNTS

Children (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13-17 years old): 1,25€ Senior (> 65 years old): 1,25€ Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership card: Free Children up to 12 years old need adult supervision.

HOW TO GET THERE

Leaving from the airport, located in the center of Santa Cruz village, turn left on Rua da Esperança (street) towards the Campo de Futebol Municipal (football municipal field). Take the Regional Road until you reach a junction where you must turn right to the Rua do Boqueirão (street). Go straight until you find the Boqueirão Whaling Station, enter the main gate, turn left and go down the ramp towards the harbor. Halfway through the ramp you will find the Centre´s entrance door on the right. 1

Flores Natural Park

Open during the following holidays: Good Friday, 25 April and 1 May > 14h00 - 17h30, except if these days are Sundays or Mondays 2 Any other type of discounts, campaigns or promotions aren’t applied.

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Flores Natural Park

Imagens do interior CIAB //ŠAna Vasconcelos


WALKING TRAILS FAJÃ DE LOPO VAZ

Azevinho (Ilex azorica) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Fajã Lopo Vaz //PNFlores

Go down from the Fajã de Lopo Vaz Viewpoint and after the first slope, you will arrive to a place where water runs between the Japanese cedars (Cryptomeria japonica). Below, go down the sea cliff along a stone staircase and, just in front, you can see the Ponta da Rocha Alta. On your right side sprout small waterfalls where bloom watercress (Nasturtium officinale). In the distance, you can observe the Fajã de Lopo Vaz (cove) and start the final descent towards the sand area, where you can find a beach. To explore the Fajã, reaching the first house, instead of going to the sand area, you can go on the old track, which divides the Fajã almost in half. Passing through small houses that come up in surprising places, continue along the path until it gets lost in the lands of the west border of the Fajã. The return has to be done in the same road until you get back to the entry of the trail, in the Fajã de Lopo Vaz Viewpoint. A revealing aspect of anthropogenic action on this site is its microclimate, reputed as the hottest of Flores Island. In fact, are produced here the biggest bananas of the island (Musa sp.), as well as figs (Ficus sp.), grapes (Vitis sp.) and “araçás” (Psidium littorale).

Juniper (Juniperus brevifolia) // ©PauloHSilva/siaram

[PR4FLO]

Extension 4km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 2h Max. Alt. 220m | Min. Alt. 2,5m

Flores Natural Park

How to get there Leaving from the Church of Nossa Senhora dos Milagres, in Lajedo, Lajes county, turn right next to the empire (a small hermitage) of Espírito Santo and climb up to the viewpoint where you can find the beginning of the trail sign.

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Recommended equipment

Euphorbia stygiana // ©PauloHSilva/siaram

GPS Starting point: Fajã Lopo Vaz Viewpoint (39º22’29,92’’N ; 31º11’44,39’’W) Finishing point: Fajã Lopo Vaz Viewpoint (39º22’29,92’’N ; 31º11’44,39’’W)


LAJEDO

FAJÃ GRANDE

Begin the trail by a foot path, next to the viewpoint overlooking the Ilhéu do Cartário (islet). Go straight until you find an asphalt road on Mosteiro. Turn left, pass the church square and proceed along the road to find another cement road. Cross a small bridge over the Ribeira do Mosteiro (stream). Proceed forward on a dirt path until you reach the road and continue along this one to the place where the road draws a harsh right curve. At the end of the curve is the path that goes down the center of the Caldeira. Proceed for a climb that will take you back to the paved road. Then head to the first harsh curve in the road, turn left to by the signaling arrow and proceed down the path toward Fajãzinha. Arriving at the parish, proceed by the paved road, pass in front of the church and you will reach the central small square of the village, Rossio. Cross the town following the signs, turn left by a foot path and proceed forward. At the end of the path, already in the Regional Road, find an old water mill and cross the bridge over the Ribeira Grande (stream). On the right find a paved path that will take you to the Poço da Ribeira do Ferreiro (pond), one of the most beautiful places of the archipelago. Returning the same way cross over the bridge of Ribeira do Ferreiro. Immediately after, turn right to a paved road. After 700 m, enter a traditional cobblestone path and follow between small terrains of grassland to Fajã Grande. At Rua Senador André de Freitas (street) go through the last meters of the trail to the bathing area of the Fajã Grande. Along the trail are several species of Laurel Forest and various species of birds.

Fajã Grande //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Common Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs moreletti) //©JMelo

Azorean Blueberry (Vaccinium cylindraceum) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

[PR2FLO]

Extension 10km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 3h30 Max. Alt. 293m | Min. Alt. 23m

How to get there Leaving from the Church of Nossa Senhora dos Milagres, in Lajedo, Lajes county, turn right next to the empire (a small hermitage) of Espírito Santo and climb up to the viewpoint where you can find the beginning of the trail sign. Recommended equipment

Flores Natural Park

Laurustinus (Viburnum treleasei) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

GPS Starting point: Lajedo - Igreja (39º23’37,575’’N ; 31º15’4,398’’W) Finishing point: Fajã Grande - Porto (39º27’29,00’’N ; 31º15’4811’’W)

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MIRADOURO DAS LAGOAS

POÇO DO BACALHAU [PR3FLO]

Poço //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Follow by a foot path along an extensive peatland mat (Sphagnum spp.). Walk about 1 km and find the Caldeira Seca. Continue a few meters on the road to climb until you find marked the entrance to the foot path on the left. This area may have some zones of stopped water and mud, it is recommended to have some caution. After a few meters you will find the Lagoa Branca (lagoon), excellent place for birdwatching. Continuing on the trail, you will come to a dirt path. Turn right and go straight across the bridge of Ribeira do Ferreiro (stream). Walk over 1 km and turn left onto a new dirt path that goes towards the sea cliffs. Then proceed down the pasture by your right. To your left you see the Fajãzinha and in front Fajã Grande. A little further ahead you will find, on the left, a wooden gate that gives access to an old stone staircase. Transpose the gate and go down the steps towards the pastures of Fajã Grande. Continue the path along the Ribeira das Casas to the Poço do Bacalhau. Along the way there are several species of flora of the Laurel Forest, as well as several species of avifauna.

Extension 7 km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 3h Max. Alt. 637m | Min. Alt. 22m

Flores Natural Park

How to get there Leaving from Santa Cruz, take the Regional Road 1-2 towards the area of Matosa and turn right at the junction. Go through the Regional Road 2-2, on the interior of the island, and follow the detour to the Lagoas Negra e Comprida Viewpoint, clearly marked, between km 8 and 9.

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Recommended equipment

Azorean Bellflower (Azorina vidalii) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

GPS Starting point: Miradouro das Lagoas Negra e Comprida (39º26’23,67’’N ; 31º13’26,89’’W) Finishing point: Fajã Grande - Poço do Bacalhau (39º27’31,54’’N ; 31º15’22,25’’W)


Start the trail in Ponta Delgada, next to the hermitage of Nossa Senhora da Guia. Follow the asphalt path and at the fork near the Albarnaz Lighthouse, turn left and go up the cement road to find an old path on your right. Proceed through this one until a climb on the left. Continue until you reach the edge of the sea cliff where you can find some wooden stairs and then start the descent on a sloped floor with steps in natural stone. After the accentuated decline, you will find again the path that will take you for a traditional cobblestone path to Ponta da Fajã. The trail is crossed by several streams, and the floor is uneven. Sometimes, becomes slippery in these places, so it is not advisable to effectuate it after periods of heavy rainfall. Arriving at Ponta da Fajã, you find the traditional stone houses and yards with typical “inhames” (taros) (Colocasia esculenta). Continue down the road toward Fajã Grande where you can find a bathing area, picnic park, bars and restaurants. Here you can regain strength enjoying the landscape. Along the way, you will find endemic flora specimens, as well as various species of birds.

Extension 12km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 3h Max. Alt. 382m | Min. Alt. 5m GPS Starting point: Ponta Delgada - Capela Nª Srª Guia (39º31’12,07’’N ; 31º12’46,79’’W) Finishing point: Fajã Grande - merendário (39º27’29,46’’N ; 31º15’48,35’’W) How to get there Head towards Ponta Delgada parish, in Santa Cruz county. Take the road towards Albarnaz Lighthouse. Enter the detour (cement path that goes up a hill just before the lighthouse). Advancing about 1,5 km you will find the beginning of the trail. Recommended equipment

Fajã Grande //©PauloHSilva/siaram

[PR1FLO]

Flores Natural Park

FAJÃ GRANDE

Fajã Grande //©PauloHSilva/siaram

PONTA DELGADA

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POÇO DO BACALHAU NATURAL HERITAGE

It is located in the Protected Landscape Area of Zona Central e Falésias da Costa Oeste. It presents as a waterfall located in Ribeira das Casa (stream) that falls from around 90 m of altitude, falling in a natural pond surrounded by endemic and introduced vegetation. The waters of this waterfall are from springs located in the zones of high altitude of the island that catch the humidity of the dense clouds that accumulate above the Laurel Forest and the extensive layer of peat moss (Sphagnum spp.). This layer works as regulator and distributor of the amount of the water received, slowly and steadily. GPS: 39º27’31,143’’N ; 31º15’19,573’’W

VIEWPOINT

Located in the climb to the highest point of the island (Morro Alto), this viewpoint has a privilege view over the Lagoa Branca. This lagoon is cover by an extensive layer of peat moss (Sphagnum spp.) that works as regulator of the water flow. This is also an important place for birdwatching. Activities: Nature Contemplation // Birdwatching GPS: 39º26’54,8’’N ; 31º13’16,484’’W

Lagoa Branca //©PauloHSilva/siaram

POINTS OF INTEREST

LAGOA BRANCA

ALAGOA

VIEWPOINT

From here you can observe the Ilhéus da Alagoa (islets), geological formations important for the nest of several birds as the terns (Sterna spp.). Activities: Nature Contemplation GPS: 39º28’28,819’’N ; 31º08’56,033’’W

CRAVEIRO LOPES

LAGOA COMPRIDA VIEWPOINT

You can enjoy a view over the Lagoa Comprida (lagoon) with a depth of around 18 m. Activities: Nature Contemplation GPS: 39º26’16,919’’N ; 31º13’21,798’’W

VIEWPOINT

Lagoa Comprida // ©PauloHSilva/siaram

Located in one of the slopes of the Protected Landscape Area of Zona Central e Falésias da Costa Oeste. From here it is possible to observe several waterfalls that falls down the sea cliffs, from an affluent of Ribeira do Ferreiro (stream) and other springs that supply the Poço da Ribeira do Ferreiro (pond). Here you can observe two of the rarest plants of the Azores, the Veronica dabneyi and the forget-me-not (Myosotis azorica). Activities: Nature Contemplation GPS: 39º25’36,234’’N ; 31º14’17,829’’W

ILHÉU MARIA VAZ VIEWPOINT

Flores Natural Park

This islet is a Nature Reserve and is also known as Ilhéu da Gadellha. It is the biggest of the island (9,79 ha), is covered by vegetation and is very frequented by seabirds, which stands out in greater quantity, the yellow legged gull (Larus michahellis atlantis). Activities: Nature Contemplation // Birdwatching GPS: 39º30’55,91’’N ; 31º13’54,56’’W

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LAGOA NEGRA VIEWPOINT

Offers a view over the Lagoa Negra (lagoon) with a depth of about 115 m. Activities: Nature Contemplation GPS: 39º26’24,623’’N ; 31º13’25,527’’W


LAGOAS FUNDA E RASA VIEWPOINT

From here you have an excellent view over the Lagoa Funda (lagoon) with a depth of around 26,9 m, has a waterfall and very high margins, where you can find a great variety of endemic flora of the Azores. In this caldera it is also possible to observe several resident birds. Lagoa Rasa (lagoon) has a depth of 17,5 m and very high margins. Here you can observe several endemic flora of the Azores. Activities: Nature Contemplation // Birdwatching GPS: 39º24’25,772’’N ; 31º13’25,834’’W

MORRO ALTO VIEWPOINT

From here you can observe all the island, from its highest point with 911 m of altitude, being the volcanic set designated as Testa da Igreja. It has an excellent view to Pico da Sé. Activities: Nature Contemplation GPS: 39º27’18,899’’N ; 31º13’59,17’’W

PICO DA SÉ VIEWPOINT

From here you can observe the important trachyte relief known as Pico da Sé, forming an imposing volcanic set that fits between two deep erosion valleys, digged by the Ribeiras da Badanela and Fazenda (streams). Activities: Nature Contemplation GPS: 39º28’28,162’’N ; 31º12’03,67’’W

POÇO DA ALAGOÍNHA Lagoa Funda //©PauloHSilva/siaram

VIEWPOINT

LAGOAS NEGRA E COMPRIDA

It is located in the Protected Landscape Area of Zona Central e Falésias da Costa Oeste. It has a privileged view over the lagoon. From this place you can see numerous waterfalls that flow down the hill, from the affluent of Ribeira do Ferreiro (stream) and others springs. The water of the lagoon continues through Ribeira do Ferreiro. This is a place of extreme natural beauty, almost intact where silence prevails. Activities: Nature Contemplation GPS: 39º26’11,065’’N ; 31º14’19,713’’W

VIEWPOINT

Poço da Alagoínha //©PauloHSilva/siaram

You can enjoy the silence of a breathtaking view over the Lagoas Negra and Comprida (lagoons). Activities: Nature Contemplation GPS: 39º26’24,609’’N ; 31º13’25,452’’W

ROCHA DOS BORDÕES From here you can observe the Rocha dos Bordões (rock), showing the abrupt slops of rocky prisms which give it unique beauty. The outcrops are of mugearite nature as a result of the solidification of lava in high vertical columns of prismatic disjunction type. Activities: Nature Contemplation GPS: 39º24’35,717’’N ; 31º14’41,931’’W

Flores Natural Park

Lagoa Negra //©PauloHSilva/siaram

VIEWPOINT

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Corvo Natural park


Vila do Corvo //©PauloHSilva/siaram

In 2007, the smallest island of the archipelago became part of

Lava Fajã of Vila do Corvo and Ponta do Marco. 2 Protected Areas

the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, an international

cover a large part of its territory, including a percentage of the

recognition

coastal cliffs and the Caldeirão.

which

reflects

its

ecological,

geological,

environmental and cultural singular values. With the exception of the south end, where drained lava generated a rocky platform,

Corvo Natural Park is recognized for its significant natural

Corvo is surrounded by cliffs that reach, on the west coast, 700m

richness, unique natural landscape and exceptional beauty,

of altitude. These, the highest in the Azores, harbor wide bays

with special highlight to the wide range of species of European

with reefs and islets, where the passage of cetaceans and turtles is

importance and is considered a prime location for birdwatching.

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thanks to both its geological features and unique biodiversity,

The coastal and marine habitats host a wide variety of birdlife and

enclosing 3 geosites of remarkable geodiversity: Caldeirão, the

flora. The high wetlands house the oldest and largest peatlands

//©PauloHSilva/siaram

Corvo Natural Park

not uncommon. The island is, by nature, a global laboratory,


Habitat / Species Management Area of Costa and Caldeirão do

lakes), which provides a habitat for the resting and feeding of

Corvo and the Azorean Grayling Butterfly (Azorina Hipparchia),

various American and European migratory birds, the reefs of

endangered species that only exist in the western group. Among

Boqueirão and Areia, the sea caves of Fajã da Madeira and the

the bird species, we highlight the Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris

cove of Porto Novo.

diomedea borealis), the Common Tern (Sterna dougallii) and

European robin (Erithacus rubecula) //©WMedeiros

Caldeirão //©PauloHSilva/siaram

in the country. Visitors can contemplate the Caldeirão (and its

the Common Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus azorica). The island has 59 endemic species of vascular flora and houses, per square kilometer, the highest number of endemic vascular plant species of the archipelago. With regard to terrestrial fauna, special highlight is given to two important endemic species: the

Caldeirão //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Azorean buckthorn //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Tree Lacehopper (Cixius azofloresi), which can be found in the


ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRES SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may tue to fri: 10h00 - 17h00 sat: 14h00 - 17h30 closed: sun | mon | holidays1 | Mardi Gras | 24 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00

GUIDED TOURS By appointment

Visit duration: 30 to 45 minutes Maximum number of people per visit: 30

Corvo Natural Park

The Corvo Cultural and Environmental Interpretation Centre (CIACC), opened in 2007, consists of two buildings, where two complementary ambitions meet - environmental awareness and cultural events. The building destined to cultural activities offers an versatile exhibition space, while the second one is allocated to the environmental field and all related activities. In this space you can attend a briefing and view a short film about the Biosphere Reserve. You can also get information about the Wild Birds Recovery Centre, interpretive trails and activities scheduled for the Natural Park and finally, get one or two souvenirs. The centre is located in Canada do Graciosa, about 100m from the centre of the vilage.

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LOCATION

Canada do Graciosa s/n, 9980-031 Corvo GPS: 39º40’26,339”N ; 31º6’42,779”W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 292 596 051 - Email: pncorvo.centroambiental@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Free entrance

HOW TO GET THERE

Head to the historic centre of the village. Go to “Casa do Espírito Santo”, located in Largo do Outeiro. Facing this building, go left, up Rua do Outeiro for about 30m. Reaching the place locally known as Canada do Graciosa, you will see a sign for the Centre. 1 Open during the following holidays: Good Friday, 25 April and 1 May > 14h00 - 17h30, except if these days are Sundays or Mondays

Interior of CIACC //©PauloHSilva/siaram

CORVO CULTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL INTERPRETATION CENTRE


HOW TO GET THERE

Follow the road to the Caldeirão and at the first intersection on the right, enter the Largo do Maranhão. There you can find a staircase to the left, which leads to the Centre.

The building where the Wild Birds Rehabilitation Centre (CERAS) is settled was recovered by the Azores Regional Government in 2010, through restoration and rehabilitation works. Its main objectives are the recovery of wild birds injured or debilitated, and environmental awareness of the population about the key role of biodiversity. For more information and visit appointments, please go to the Corvo Cultural and Environmental Interpretation Centre. With the creation of this Centre, the Azores have now an innovative structure in the archipelago, which comprises the conditions for treatment of birds, as well as an outdoor space, where the transition between captivity and freedom takes place. By appointment, visitors can make a guided visit of the Centre’s facilities and may possibly observe the species in recovery at that time.

Corvo Natural Park

CONTACTS

Tlf: (+351) 292 596 051 - Email: parque.natural.corvo@azores.gov.pt

CORVO WILD BIRDS REHABILITATION CENTRE (CERAS)

Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris borealis) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

LOCATION

Largo do Maranhão GPS: 39º40’40,698’’N ; 31º06’7,059’’W

SUPPORT HOUSE

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WALKING TRAILS CARA DO ÍNDIO

[PR1COR]

Cara do Índio //©RenéeRita

The route follows ancient “canadas” flanked by stone walls and towards the shore. Upon reaching the cliff, it turns right to a detour where you can observe «Cara do Índio», the face of an indian, on the rock. After walking through pastures, it follows the canadas the access road to the village.

Extension 3,9km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 2h Max. Alt. 387m | Min. Alt. 13m GPS Starting point: Cova Vermelha (39°41’05,79’’N ; 31°06’39,83’’W) Finishing point: Praia (39°40’20,48’’N ; 31°07’16,01’’W)

Corvo Natural Park

How to get there Follow the Road to Caldeirão until Zimbral, at the first junction turn left to Pias da Canada, towards the “Lagos” and up to the “Cova Vermelha”, the entrance to the trail is.

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Recommended equipment


PERIMETER OF CALDEIRÃO [PR2COR]

Lagoas do Caldeirão //©PauloHSilva/siaram

This route begins and ends at the Caldeirão viewpoint and goes down the caldera, skirting the lakes anticlockwise and follows back up by the same path.

Extension 4,8km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 2h30 Max. Alt. 558m | Min. Alt. 401m

How to get there To reach the starting point of the trail, follow the road to Caldeirão (about 8km) to it’s viewpoint. Then go down the Caldeira. Follow the signs along the way. The viewpoint is accessible on foot or by car. Recommended equipment

Corvo Natural Park

Lagoas do Caldeirão //©PauloHSilva/siaram

GPS Starting point: Caldeirão Viewpoint (39°42’29,91’’N ; 31°05’54,52’’W) Finishing point: Caldeirão Viewpoint (39°42’29,91’’N ; 31°05’54,52’’W)

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POINTS OF INTEREST MOINHOS VIEWPOINT

From this point you can see Vila. Ahead the old town that overlooks Cais do Porto da Casa and to the right the typical windmills of Corvo. This whole area extends by the Lava Fajã of Vila do Corvo. This place features an information panel, with some photos that help locate the sites of interest. GPS: 39°40’29,98’’N ; 31°06’31,77’’W

CALDEIRÃO VIEWPOINT Overlooking the caldera, it offers a magnificent view over the whole area surrounding the Caldeirão, the crown jewel of Corvo. It was created in the mid 90s along with the construction of the road to Caldeirão. GPS: 39°42’29,91’’N ; 31°05’54,52’’W

Moinho //©

Observe the width of the channel that separates the Corvo and Flores islands and admire the silhouette of Flores island on the Atlantic. Here, notice a set of three mills which remain in operation, although they are no longer used for the purpose for which they were built. Corvo windmills are different from the other islands, being more similar to those left by the Arabs in the Portuguese mainland. These constructions date back to the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. They are classified as public interest. GPS: 39°40’13,02’’N ; 31°06’50,33’’W

PORTÃO VIEWPOINT

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Located on the hillside overlooking Porto da Casa, this viewpoint faces the commercial pier and to the right the lookout area. Place of contemplation and favored by the elders who can spend long periods of the day in mild chats. From here you can see the entire bay of Cais do Porto da Casa, where the boats arrive and depart from Corvo. GPS: 39°40’19,00’’N ; 31°06’40,26’’W

Caldeirão //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Corvo Natural Park

CANADA DA ROCHA VIEWPOINT


Little Shearwater (Puffinus assimilis baroli) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

In 2009, under the project “Sanctuary Islands for Seabirds”, was created the Corvo Biological Reserve, located in Topo area. Its creation was an important step in the process of flora and fauna conservation in the island. This area also serves to test different theories on seabirds, including their susceptibility to predators such as cats and rats. This sanctuary is crucial, not only for the Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis), but also for the Storm Petrel (Oceanodroma castro), the Manx Shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) and the Little Shearwater (Puffinus assimilis baroli), birds of great importance in the history of Flores and Corvo. Beyond its important scientific role, the Reserve proposes visitors an interpretive circuit that passes through the places of highest scenic value.

Monteiro’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma castro) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Monteiro’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma castro) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Little Shearwater (Puffinus assimilis baroli) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

CORVO BIOLOGICAL RESERVE


faial Natural Park


Faial Natural Park

Manta ray (Manta birostris) //©FCardigos

32 Azorean Speedwell (Veronica dabneyi) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

//©PauloHSilva/siaram

Capelo Peninsula //©JoséGarcia


The diversity of the Faial Natural Park is object of admiration and contemplation of all visitors. Considered by the European Commission as a European Destination of Excellence (EDEN), the Natural Park is filled with sweeping landscapes, unique birds and plants and iconic geological formations, all of them

Created in 2008, the mission of the Natural Park is the preservation of this magnificent natural heritage and of the cultural heritage received from a long history of coexistence between man and nature, based on a sustainable and lasting development. In order to provide a quality visit to each visitor, the Natural Park includes four environmental centers (Capelinhos Volcano

Plutonia brumalis //©PauloHSilva/siaram

surrounded by a magnificent blue, pure and alive sea.

Interpretation Centre, Faial Botanical Garden, Porto Pim Aquarium - Live Fish Station and Dabney’s House) and a support house (Roadman’s House), nine walking trails, two walking circuits and one mountain bike circuit. There is also a wide range of activities and products offered by the Park partners. The biodiversity of Faial is evident through the 855 vascular plant species that can be found throughout the island, 57 of which are endemic, i.e. that exist only in the Azores. The ecosystems, specially the Laurel Forest are precious nowhere else in the world, such as birds, bats, arthropods, etc. The sea of Faial is an extraordinary mosaic of colors, shadows, smells, sounds, silences and emotions, and is emblematic in the life forms it holds, such as cetaceans, seabirds, sharks and all other inhabitants. Faial still has six geosites of remarkable geodiversity: Caldeira, Graben of Pedro Miguel, Monte da Guia, Morro de Castelo

Vulcão dos Capelinhos //©PauloHSilva/siaram

habitats - associated with species of fauna and flora found

Branco, Capelo Peninsula and Capelinhos - Costado da Nau. All and each of these elements are good reasons to enjoy and

Charcos de Pedro Miguel //©PauloHSilva/siaram

fall in love. Adventure yourself!


ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRES DABNEY’S HOUSE The Dabney family settled on Faial island in 1806 when John Bass Dabney was appointed Consul General of United States in the Azores by President Jefferson. Three members of the Dabney family (John, Charles and Samuel) successively exercised this position over a century. In 1854, Charles William Dabney acquired a summer house, built in the unique landscape of Monte da Guia and included in a residential complex consisting of a house with cistern, a pier and shelter for two boats, a viewpoint, a small vineyard area stretching downhill towards Porto Pim bay and a cellar, that currently hosts an exhibition on the journey of three generations of this family in Faial, a cultural, historical and scientific heritage still visible and recognized on the island. During the nineteenth century, the Dabneys were the main entrepreneurs of Azores.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may tue to fri: 10h00 - 17h00 sat: 14h00 - 17h30 closed: sun | mon | holidays1 | Mardi Gras | 24 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00

GUIDED TOURS

01 oct to 31 may: tue to fri: 10h30 | 15h00 sat: 15h00 01 oct to 31 may: 10h30 | 15h00 Visit duration: 30 minutes Maximum number of people per visit: 20

LOCATION

Monte da Guia, 9900-124 Horta GPS: 38º31’23,187”N ; 28º37’39,014”W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 292 240 685 - Email: pnfaial.casadosdabney@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Monte da Guia Complex Ticket (Dabney’s House and Porto Pim Aquarium): 3,50€ Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 6€ Faial All-in-one Ticket: - Adult: 15€ - Junior (13-17 years old): 7,50€ - Senior (+ 65 years old): 7,50€ - Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership card: 12€ - Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 25€

DISCOUNTS

Children (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13-17 years old): 1,75€ Senior (+ 65 years old): 1,75€ Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership card: 2,80€

Faial Natural Park

HOW TO GET THERE

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Located 700 m from the center of Horta. Go south, towards the beach of Porto Pim. At Hotel do canal, turn left following the signs to Monte da Guia. 1

Open during the following holidays: Good Friday, 25 April and 1 May > 14h00 - 17h30, except if these days are Sundays or Mondays


Interior of the Dabney’s House//©PauloHSilva/siara Interior of the Dabney’s House //©PauloHSilva/siaram

PORTO PIM AQUARIUM // LIVE FISH STATION This truly historical building was originally built as a cod drying station, later becoming the first whale oil extraction factory and today housing Porto Pim Aquarium – Live Fish Station. This station includes an aquarium with the most common coastal species of the Azores, two sets of three tanks, a central tank, a display on the Azores Marine Park and a film about the deep sea of the continental shelf contiguous to the archipelago. The main objectives of this centre, and through it of Faial Natural Park, are the promotion of knowledge on the Azorean biodiversity, education and environmental awareness and recovery of sensible marine animals.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may tue to fri: 10h00 - 17h002 sat: 14h00 - 17h002 closed: sun | mon | holidays1 | Mardi Gras | 24 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september tue to sun: 10h00 - 17h002 closed: mon

GUIDED TOURS

01 oct to 31 may: tue to fri: 11h00 | 14h00 | 15h30 sat: 15h30 01 jun to 30 sep: 11h00 | 14h00 | 15h30

Porto Pim Aquarium //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Visit duration: 60 minutes Maximum number of people per visit: 10

LOCATION

Monte da Guia, 9900-124 Horta GPS: 38º31’21,733”N ; 28º37’46,262”W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 292 240 385 / 292 207 382 - Email: pnfaial.aquarioportopim@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Monte da Guia Complex Ticket (Dabney’s House and Porto Pim Aquarium): 3,50€ Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17): 6€ Faial All-in-one Ticket: - Adult: 15€ - Junior (13-17 years old): 7,50€ - Senior (+ 65 years old): 7,50€ - Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership card: 12€ - Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 25€

HOW TO GET THERE

Located 700m from the center of Horta. Go south, towards the beach of Porto Pim. At Hotel do Canal turn left following the signs to Monte da Guia. 1

Open during the following holidays: Good Friday, 25 April and 1 May > 14h00 - 17h00, except if these days are Sundays or Mondays Last admission 30 minutes before the Centre closes 2

Faial Natural Park

Thornback Ray (Raja clavata) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

DISCOUNTS

Children (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13-17 years old): 1,75€ Senior (+ 65 years old): 1,75€ Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership card: 2,80€

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FAIAL BOTANICAL GARDEN Faial Botanical Garden enchants visitors since 1986 thanks to its exceptional beauty thus being considered a mandatory visit. With a main garden in the district of Flamengos and an altitude garden in Pedro Miguel, it aims for the conservation and study of the Azorean natural flora, science dissemination and environmental education. The Garden houses Azores rarest plants, historical agricultural crops, a beautiful orchid greenhouse, a collection of medicinal and aromatic plants, as well samples of the main invasive species in the archipelago. The rehabilitation works of the Garden received an honorable mention in the awards of Portugal Tourism.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00

GUIDED TOURS

01 oct to 31 may: tue to fri: 10h30 | 14h30 sat: 14h30 01 jun to 30 sep: 10h30 | 14h30 Duração da visita: 60 a 90 minutos Número máximo de pessoas por visita: 25

LOCATION

Rua de S. Lourenço, Flamengos 9900 - 401 Horta GPS: 38º33’3,178’’N ; 28º38’26,064’’W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 292 948 140 - Email: pnfaial.jardimbotanico@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Full Ticket: 3,50€ Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 6€ Faial All-in-one Ticket: - Adult: 15€ - Junior (13-17 years old): 7,50€ - Senior (+ 65 years old): 7,50€ - Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership card: 12€ - Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 25€

DISCOUNTS

Children (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13-17 years old): 1,75€ Senior (+ 65 years old): 1,75€ Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership card: 2,80€

HOW TO GET THERE

Faial Natural Park

Located 2.5km from the center of Horta, district of Flamengos, near Quinta de São Lourenço. Accessible by car, bicycle or on foot.

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1

Open during the following holidays: Good Friday, 25 April and 1 May > 14h00 - 17h30, except if these days are Sundays or Mondays

Forget-me-not (Myosotis azorica) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

01 october to 31 may tue to fri: 10h00 - 17h00 sat: 14h00 - 17h30 closed: mon | sun | holidays1 | Mardi Gras | 24 and 31 dec


Orchids //siaram.azores.gov.pt

Gardens //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Sanicle (Sanicula azorica) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Orchids //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Lichens //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Greenhouse //©PauloHSilva/siaram


CAPELINHOS VOLCANO INTERPRETATION CENTRE The Capelinhos Volcano Interpretation Centre (CIVC) has an informative, educational and scientific scope. The building is buried in the ground, in order to respect the scenic value of this recent volcanic landscape formed by the 1957/58 eruption. The Centre hosts a series of exhibitions focusing not only on the Capelinhos eruption and formation of the archipelago, but also on the major types of volcanic activity in the world and on the history of the Azorean lighthouses. The Centre is complemented by an auditorium and a temporary exhibition of geological samples. This visit ends with a climb to the lighthouse, where you can enjoy the fantastic landscape from a unique point of view. The CIVC was nominated for best museum in Europe in 2012.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may tue to fri: 10h00 - 17h001 sat | sun | holidays: 14h00 - 17h301 closed: mon | 1 jan | Mardi Gras | Easter sun | 24, 25 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h001

GUIDED TOURS

01 oct to 31 may tue to fri: 11h00 | 15h00 sat | sun | holidays: 14h30 | 16h00 01 jun to 30 sep 11h00 | 13h00 | 15h00 | 16h30 Visit duration: 60 minutes Maximum number of people per visit: 30

LOCATION

Farol dos Capelinhos, Capelo 9900 Horta GPS: 38º35’48,791’’N ; 28º49’36,169’’W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 292 200 470 - Email: pnfaial.vulcaodoscapelinhos@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Full Ticket: 10€ Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 17€ Interpretive Exhibition: 6€ Temporary Exhibition: 3€ Stereoscopic Film: 3€ Top of the Lighthouse: 1€ Faial All-in-one Ticket: - Adult: 15€ - Junior (13-17 years old): 7,50€ - Senior (+ 65 years old): 7,50€ - Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership card: 12€ - Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 25€

DISCOUNTS

Children (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13-17 years old): 5€ Senior (+ 65 years old): 5€ Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership card: 8€

HOW TO GET THERE

The Centre is about 25Km from Horta, a trip of about 30min. From Horta airport is about 18km, in a trip of about 15min. You can rent a car or go by taxi.

Last admission 30 minutes before the Centre closes.

Interior of Centre //©PauloHSilva/siaram

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Foyer of CIVC //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Faial Natural Park

1


Lighthouse of the Capelinhos Volcano //©PauloHSilva/siaram

SUPPORT HOUSE ROADMAN’S HOUSE This restored house was formerly intended to function as a warehouse for road construction and cleaning equipment. It also provided shelter for workers caught in unexpected storms. Today, it functions as a support house to the interpretation of the Caldeira of Faial, presenting multiple information about flora, fauna and geology, as well as a model of the Natural Park with its various walking trails and viewpoints.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 july to 31 august tue to sat: 10h00 - 18h00 closed: mon

LOCATION

Casa do Cantoneiro Interior of the Caldeira //©NRodrigues //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Estrada da Caldeira s/n, 9900 Horta GPS: 38º37’17,114’’N ; 28º41’36,287’’W

CONTATOS

Tlf: 292 207 382 - Email: parque.natural.faial@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Free entrance

HOW TO GET THERE

Located on the Regional Road that gives access to the Nature Reserve of Caldeira, about 3km of the contemplation area.


CAMINHOS VELHOS [PR7FAI]

Cross an immemorial path, once used by the inhabitants of the northeastern part of Faial to transport cattle, timber and goods to be traded in Horta. The trail starts at Porto da Boca da Ribeira, in Ribeirinha, where we find the oldest rock outcrops of the island, with about 800,000 years, and ends at the Nature Reserve of Caldeira.

FAIAL COAST TO COAST

[GR1FAI]

Faial Natural Park

This great route was created from the union of the trails “Caminhos Velhos” and “10 Volcanos” and crosses the island of Faial at its greatest extent. It takes us to the age of formation of the island, passing along volcanic cones, craters, caves and grottos - mysterious locations characteristic of the beautiful Azorean volcanic landscapes. With its 35km and a maximum altitude of 1 000m, this trail starts at level 0 right next to the Atlantic Ocean, at Porto da Boca da Ribeira, district of Ribeirinha and ends also at level 0, near Porto do Comprido, surrounded by the landscape of Capelinhos Volcano. It takes you through historical paths as well as to the Caldeira of Faial.

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Extension 16km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 6h Max. Alt. 897m | Min. Alt. 0m GPS Starting point: Porto da Boca da Ribeira - Ribeirinha (38°35’30,417”N ; 28°36’3,695”W) Finishing point: Caldeira Viewpoint (38º35’12,263”N ; 28°42’6,49”W) How to get there Starts in Porto da Boca da Ribeira, Ribeirinha, 10km from Horta; ends in the Nature Reserve of Caldeira. Accessible by car, bicycle or on foot. Recommended equipment

Extension 35km Level of difficulty Difficult Duration 12h Max. Alt. 1041m | Min. Alt. 0m GPS Starting point: Porto da Boca da Ribeira - Ribeirinha (38°35’30,417”N ; 28°36’3,695”W) Finishing point: Porto do Comprido (38º35’30,965’’N ; 28º49’43,667’’W) How to get there Starts near Porto da Boca da Ribeira, Ribeirinha, 10 km from Horta, ending at Porto Comprido, situated in the area of the Capelinhos Volcano. Accessible by car, bicycle or on foot. Recommended equipment

View to the CIVC and Capelhinhos Lighthouse //©PauloHSilva/siaram

WALKING TRAILS


PERIMETER OF THE CALDEIRA

[PRC4FAI]

[PR3FAI]

“The biggest engineering project of the Azores”, so qualified when it opened in 1964, after seven years of planning and four of construction. The Levada, is a 10km long channel (currently only 8km are accessible), built at 680m altitude, whose main function was the production of hydroelectric power in the small hydro plant of Varadouro.

Extension 6,7km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 3h30 Max. Alt. 1037m | Min. Alt. 856m

Extension 8km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 3h30 Max. Alt. 752m | Min. Alt. 648m

GPS Starting point: Caldeira Viewpoint (38°33’54,694”N ; 28°42’19,19”W) Finishing point: Caldeira Viewpoint (38°33’54,694”N ; 28°42’19,19”W)

GPS Starting point: Canada Larga - Cedros (38º35’,155”N ; 28º42’,622”W) Finishing point: Reservatório de Água (38°33’58,954”N ; 28°44’40,628”W)

How to get there The Caldeira of Faial is located in the center of the island, 16km from Horta and is accessible by car, bicycle or on foot.

How to get there From Horta to the district of Cedros, you will find the respective road sign at km 24. Follow the dirt road until you reach Levada. Accessible by car or bicycle.

Recommended equipment

Recommended equipment

Faial Natural Park

Walking trail of Perimeter of the Caldeira //©JMelo

Walking trail of Levada //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Walking trail of Levada //©NRodrigues

Located in the central part of Faial, the Caldeira has a diameter of about 2km and an average depth of 400m, revealing the lush laurel forest. In the bottom, notice a volcanic cone whose shape resembles the Faial island. The formation of the caldera resulted from a long process that started about 550 thousand years ago. The latest event took place about 1 200 years ago.

LEVADA

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RUMO AO MORRO DE CASTELO BRANCO

View of the volcanic complex of Capelo //©JoséGarcia

[PRC5FAI]

CAPELINHOS [PRC1FAI]

Morro de Castelo Branco //©PauloHSilva/siaram

CAPELO

Small circular trail that starts and ends in Lombega, district of Castelo Branco. The main appeal of this trail is the contemplation of Morro de Castelo Branco, one trachyte promontory, classified as a Nature Reserve. Enjoy the tranquility to observe the seabirds, notably Cory’s Shearwaters (Calonectris diomedea borealis) and Common Terns (Sterna dougallii ontagu, Sterna hirundo linnaeus).

Runs through some of the oldest volcanic cones responsible for formation of the Capelo peninsula, clearly visible in the alignment Caldeira – Capelinhos, in the Volcanic Complex of Capelo. At the beginning of the trail enjoy the panorama over Cabeço do Fogo (East), the central volcano of the Caldeira and Morro de Castelo Branco. At North, are the areas of Norte Pequeno, Fajã and Praia do Norte.

Extension 4km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 2h Max. Alt. 488m | Min. Alt. 253m

Extension 4km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 1h30 Max. Alt. 197m | Min. Alt. 40m

GPS Starting point: Cabeço Verde (38°35’36,974’’N ; 28°48’10,11’’W) Finishing point: Cabeço Verde (38°35’36,974’’N ; 28°48’10,11’’W)

GPS Starting point: Lombega (38°32’7,349”N ; 28°44’33,722”W) Finishing point: Lombega (38°32’7,349”N ; 28°44’33,722”W)

How to get there From Horta to Capelo, follow the identification sign “CF Ribeira do Cabo”. Follow the lapilli path and find Levada. Accessible by car, bicycle or on foot.

How to get there It begins and ends in Lombega, district of Castelo Branco. From Horta, head west by the Regional Road for 10km and find the indication to the beginning of the trail.

Recommended equipment

Recommended equipment

10 VOLCANOS

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Alignment of the volcanic complex of Capelo //©NRodrigues

Faial Natural Park

[PR6FAI]

This trail combines three segments of other trails: Caldeira, Levada and Capelo-Capelinhos. It starts at the Caldeira and follows the 10 main volcanos of the fissural alignment of Capelo. The biodiversity and geodiversity are omnipresent throughout the trail, with special highlight to the sweeping landscapes of the Capelo peninsula. The trail’s approximate high variation is 1 000m, covering much of the Azorean endemic flora and fauna.


[PRC2FAI]

Small circular trail that follows down to the fajã of Praia do Norte, fajã of mixed genesis, which began with accumulation of residues from the surrounding high cliffs, finally, imposing to the sea through a beautiful drained lava flow from the historic eruption of Cabeço do Fogo. This drained lava flow hides true natural treasures, such as olivinic xenoliths, rocks pulled from the deep Earth and exposed thanks to erosion.

DESCENT TO CALDEIRA (ACCOMPANIED GUIDE)

The trail begins and ends at the Caldeira Viewpoint. Goes down to the bottom of one of the most spectacular and largest volcanic calderas in the archipelago, where you can find, in perfect condition, the natural vegetation of the Azores. View of the interior of the Caldeira //©NRodrigues

ROCHA DA FAJÃ

Extension 5,5km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 2h30 Max. Alt. 282m | Min. Alt. 17m GPS Starting point: Rua da Arramada (38°36’21,971”N ; 28°45’8,669”W) Finishing point: Rua da Arramada (38°36’21,971”N ; 28°45’8,669”W)

GPS Starting point: Caldeira Viewpoint (38°33’54,855”N ; 28°42’19,443”W) Finishing point: Caldeira Viewpoint (38°33’54,855”N ; 28°42’19,443”W) How to get there Starts at the tunnel of the Nature Reserve of Caldeira, 16km from Horta ending at the same point. Accessible by car, bicycle or on foot. Recommended equipment

ENTRE MONTES [PRC8FAI]

The trail starts and ends at the old whale factory of Porto Pim. The path takes place between two volcanoes responsible for the formation of Horta platform with 11 thousand years old.

Vista da Baía de Porto Pim //©PauloHSilva/siaram

How to get there Begins and ends on Rua da Arramada. From Horta, follow West by the Regional Road. Follow the road signs towards Fajã do Norte. Recommended equipment

Extension 20km Level of difficulty Difficult Duration 6h Max. Alt. 1041m | Min. Alt. 0m GPS Starting point: Caldeira Viewpoint (38°33’54,694”N ; 28°42’19,19”W) Finishing point: Porto do Comprido (38º35’30,965’’N ; 28º49’43,667’’W) How to get there Starts at the Caldeira of Faial, 16km from Horta, ending at the Porto do Comprido. Accessible by car, bicycle or on foot. Recommended equipment

Extension 3,3km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 1h30 Max. Alt. 85m | Min. Alt. 1m How to get there A partir do Jardim da Praça do Infante (extremidade sul da Avenida Marginal), frente à Marina da Horta, desloque-se para sul, pelo caminho de calçada, em direção à Praia de Porto Pim. Após passar o Hotel Canal à sua direita, no entroncamento vire à esquerda e percorra cerca de 600 m, até chegar ao parque de estacionamento à esquerda da fábrica da baleia. Recommended equipment

Faial Natural Park

Fajã da Praia do Norte // ©PauloHSilva/siaram

Extension 1,5km Level of difficulty Difficult Duration 3h30 Max. Alt. 908m | Min. Alt. 574m

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CIRCUITS INTERPRETIVE CIRCUIT ROTEIRO DOS DABNEY

Monte da Guia Circuit //©PauloHSilva/siaram

The Dabney’s Circuit takes us to one of the periods of greater economic prosperity of Faial. The Dabney family, who lived on this island from 1806 to 1894, transformed the architectural, cultural, commercial and social structure of Horta city. The Circuit starts in the Dabney’s House, in Monte da Guia.

Extension 6km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 4h Max. Alt. 250m | Min. Alt. 6m

Faial Natural Park

How to get there From the Garden of Praça do Infante (south end of the city’s Main Avenue), in front of Marina of Horta, go down to the south, through the traditional cobblestone path towards the Porto Pim Beach. After passing the Hotel Canal on your right, turn left at the next intersection and walk about 600 m until you reach the parking lot. Then, turn right towards the beach and follow the path next to it. You will find the Dabney’s House on your left.

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Recommended equipment


MTB TRAIL CAPELO FOREST PARK

Interior da Casa dos Dabney //©PauloHSilva/siaram

An old walking trail was recovered in order to design this circuit, as well as a section of a dirt road once used by the farmers of the island. This MTB trail is entirely inserted in the Capelo Forest Park, where various Azorean species can be observed, notably the ones associated with coastal laurel forest, such as Azorean Candleberry Tree (Myrica faya), Laurel (Laurus azorica), Heather (Erica azorica), Cape Myrtle (Myrsine retusa) or even Picconia azorica.

WHALERS CIRCUIT

Costado da Nau //©JMelo

GPS Starting point: Cark Park of Capelinhos Volcano Interpretation Centre (38°34’52,275”N ; 28°49’17,978”W) Finishing point: Capelinhos Volcano Interpretation Centre (38°34’53,712”N ; 28°49’29,575”W) How to get there From Horta go west by the Regional Road for about 25km, until you find the indication to the Capelinhos volcano.

Extension 2,1km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 1h Max. Alt. 253m | Min. Alt. 223m GPS Starting point: 38°33’47,336”N ; 28°46’23,297”W Finishing point: 38°33’47,336”N ; 28°46’23,297”W How to get there From Horta to the western part of the island, the trail starts at the Capelo Forest Park. Recommended equipment

Recommended equipment

Faial Natural Park

Extension 4,1km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 2h Max. Alt. 170m | Min. Alt. 5m

//LOliveira

This trail symbolizes a past of great meaning and importance to the inhabitants of these islands, a tribute to the fearless whalers that in the past defied all odds for something that was more than mere commercial activity. Each time the whaling boats left to sea, the community and families huddled on the pier to see the men off, maybe for the last time. The real battles for survival that were fought against these giants creatures in fragile open boats originated many legends perpetuated to the present day, honoring the bravery of these men. Along this trail you can feel the meaning of “whaling soul” and the strong bond that existed between these men, the sea and its “Leviathans”.

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POINTS OF INTEREST LIRA VIEWPOINT

This laurel forest area has been the object of habitat and species restoration, working as a microreserve of Azorean flora. In addition to its important scientific value, this zone also presents high scenic value and is accessible to all interested visitors. GPS: 38°34’58,332”N ; 28°39’18,857”W

NOSSA SENHORA DA GUIA VIEWPOINT

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View of the Nossa Senhora da Guia viewpoint //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Faial Natural Park

From this point, you can see the city of Horta, the Protected Landscape of Monte da Guia and the Graben of Pedro Miguel (subsident formation resulting from ground settlement between faults with opposite movement). GPS: 38°31’16,252”N ; 28°37’41,782”W

CHARCOS DE PEDRO MIGUEL Located at the southern slope of Lomba Grande, in the district of Pedro Miguel. The relevance of these ponds is due to the biodiversity in terms of fauna and flora typical of wetlands, also being an excellent location for birdwatching. GPS: 38°35’23,598”N ; 28°38’39,647”W

CABOUCO VIEWPOINT It is possible to observe the Graben of Pedro Miguel, the best example of this type of formation in the archipelago and also the districts of Pedro Miguel and Ribeirinha, the city of Horta, Monte da Guia, the islands of Pico, São Jorge and Graciosa. GPS: 38°34’59,83”N ; 28°42’6,246”W

View of the Cabouco viewpoint //©NRodrigues

View of the Lira viewpoint //©NRodrigues

Charcos de Pedro Miguel //©PauloHSilva/siaram

This XIX century viewpoint is inserted in the Protected Landscape of Monte da Guia, on the hillside facing the city of Horta and owes its name to its curious shape. GPS: 38°31’19,97”N ; 28°37’41,732”W

PEDRO MIGUEL BOTANICAL GARDEN


CALDEIRA OF FAIAL VIEWPOINT

This is a magnificent geological formation of utmost importance for the nesting of a number of birds, including the Cory’s Shearwater (Diomedea calonectris borealis), the Little Shearwater (Pufinus baroli) and the Common Tern (Sterna hirundo). GPS: 38°31’28,199”N ; 28°44’56,437”W

Caldeira of Faial //©PauloHSilva/siaram

The most emblematic viewpoint of Faial. This breathtaking landscape is one of the most precious strongholds of the archipelago’s natural flora, highlighting all the exuberance of the laurel forest. GPS: 38°34’50,568”N ; 28°42’27,567”W

MORRO DE CASTELO BRANCO

RIBEIRA DAS CABRAS VIEWPOINT

PONTA FURADA VIEWPOINT This authentic lava tongue forms a basalt tip that plunges into the sea. From here most of Monte da Guia can be seen as well as its Protected Landscape. GPS: 38°31’24,712”N ; 28°39’31,384”W

Faial Natural Park

Ribeira das Cabras viewpoint //PNFaial

View to Morro do Castelo Branco //©PauloHSilva/siaram

From this viewpoint we can observe the alignment of the Volcanic Complex of Capelo and Mistério do Cabeço do Fogo. GPS: 38°36’29,231”N ; 28°45’4,007”W

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Pico Natural Park


Vila das Lajes //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Pico, the youngest island of the archipelago with

relevant geodiversity, 8 high-priority geosites integrate

approximately 300 000 years, was formed by numerous

Azores Geopark: the fossil cliff of Santo António - São

volcanic eruptions, which stretch to the present. The

Roque, the lava fajã of Lajes do Pico, Gruta das Torres, the

landscape is marked by major geological structures, such as

islets of Madalena, Lajido de Santa Luzia, Pico Mountain,

the shield volcano of Topo, which initiated the formation of

Achada Plateau and Ponta da Ilha.

the island, the stratovolcano of Pico Mountain (highest point of Portugal and one of the largest active volcanoes in the

Pico Natural Park, the largest Natural Park of Azores,

Atlantic Ocean, with 2 351m altitude, rising 3 500m from

covers 22 Protected Areas, a land territory of approximately

the seabed) and the central mountain range, formed by an

156km 2 - 35% of the island’s land surface - and 79km 2

alignment of about 200 volcanoes of predominant WNW-

of marine area. It is composed of 4 Nature Reserves,

ESE orientation.

1 Natural Monument, 8 Habitat / Species Management

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with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources, aside from

gave birth to “Mistério da Prainha”, between 1562 and

several classified areas, with special focus on Pico Island

1564 (the longest historical eruption of the Azores),

Vineyard Culture - classified as World Heritage by UNESCO

“Mistério de Santa Luzia” and “Mistério de São João”

since 2004, the Natura 2000 network and RAMSAR

in 1718 and “Mistério da Silveira” in 1720. Given their

Convention areas and the geosites of Azores Geopark.

Landscape of Pico island //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Pico Natural Park

Areas, 6 Protected Landscape Areas, 3 Protected Areas The island was shaped by four historical eruptions that


Azorean Blueberry (Vaccinium cylindraceum) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Landscape of the island of Pico //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Visitors are invited to discover 3 Interpretation Centres,

The landscape of the Natural Park is extremely varied,

each with their specific assets and products, as well as

composed of autochthonous formations / habitats with

6 walking trails that cross the Protected Landscape of Pico

good conservation status and populations of most species

Island Vineyard Culture and the Nature Reserve of Mistério

and sub-species of the Azorean flora (620 and 280

da Prainha.

species and subspecies of vascular plants and bryophytes, respectively). There are 65 species and subspecies of endemic

The unique features of Pico Natural Park have earned it

flora in the Azores (61 vascular plants and 4 bryophytes),

a number of awards. In 2010, the Volcanic Landscape of

of which we can highlight the rare subspecies Silene

Pico Island was chosen as one of the 7 Wonders of Portugal

uniflora Roth ssp. cratericola (Franco), found exclusively

in the category Great Reliefs, including among other

on Pico Mountain. There are also endemic cave insects,

geological structures: Pico Mountain, Gruta das Torres,

among which three beetles species of the genus Trechus

lajidos, volcanic cones and craters of the central plateau.

that inhabit Gruta dos Montanheiros.

In 2010, the Park was finalist for the EDEN National Destination Award. The British magazine BootsnAll elected the walking trail of Criação Velha as one of the top eight tracks in the world and BBC Travel referenced Pico

Aerial view //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Portugal Laurel (Prunus azorica) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

as one of the five best secret islands in the world.


ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRES MOUNTAIN’S HOUSE The Mountain’s House is the mandatory stop of Pico Mountain. Its main function is the registration and control of visitors through an authorization request, according to current regulation. Situated at the end of the road, it provides information about the geology, biology, history, climate and legal framework of the Nature Reserve of Montanha do Pico through info panels or film, which can be viewed in the House’s auditorium. The Mountain’s House is complemented by a bar and its panoramic view, where you can recover from the efforts of the climb while discovering local products or simply listening to the stillness of nature and enjoy the magnificent view over Pico’s entire west coast and the island of Faial.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

16 october to 30 april everyday: 08h00 - 18h00 1 to 31 may and 1 to 15 october mon to thu: 08h00 - 20h00 08h00 fri - 20h00 sun: owithout interruption 1 june to 30 september every day: 24h

LOCATION

Caminho Florestal 9 9950 Madalena GPS: 38º28’13,89”N ; 28º25’35,33”W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 967 303 519 - Email: pnpico.casadamontanha@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Climb: with tourist companies: 2,50€ by yourself: 10€

HOW TO GET THERE

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Mountain’s House //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Pico Natural Park

The Mountain’s House is located at the foot of Pico mountain at an altitude of 1 100m. Head to the interior of the island, following the direction of Madalena to the properly indicated access road.


Gruta das Torres Visitors Centre //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Gruta das Torres is the largest lava tube in Portugal, with 5 150m in extention, integrating the Lajidos - Gruta das Torres formation, which is inserted in the Mountain’s Volcanic Complex. It is estimated to be formed about 1 500 years ago during an eruption that initially took place in Cabeço Bravo. The visit circuit is absolutely pioneer in Portugal, following the cavity while preserving almost totally the original cave. Since 2005, Gruta das Torres has already been visited by thousands of people and is a notable example of dissemination, education and preservation of the natural heritage of Pico and of Azores in general. The visit begins at the Centre, where the guide provides basic information, before entering the cave, and has an average duration of 1h along 450m. During this visit you will experience a unique “exploration type” visit for which necessary equipment is supplied to enable you to discover the cave in its natural state and observe various lava stalactites and stalagmites, side benches, lava balls, striated walls and pahoehoe lava.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may tue to fri: 10h00 - 17h00 sat: 14h00 - 17h30 closed: mon | sun | holidays1 | Mardi Gras | 24 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00

GUIDED TOURS

01 oct to 31 may: tue to fri: 10h30 | 12h00 | 14h00 | 15h30 sat: 14h00 | 15h30 01 jun to 30 sep: 10h30 | 12h00 | 13h30 | 15h00 | 16h30 Held according to safety criteria. All visits are guided. It is advisable previous reservation. Visit duration: 60 to 90 minutes Maximum number of people per visit: 15

LOCATION

Caminho da Gruta das Torres, Criação Velha, 9950 Madalena GPS: 38º29’39,51”N ; 28º30’08,63”W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 924 403 921 - Email: pnpico.grutadastorres@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Full Ticket: 7€ Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 13€

DISCOUNTS

Children (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13-17 years old): 3,50€ Senior (+ 65 years old): 3,50€ Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership card: 5,50€

HOW TO GET THERE

Gruta das Torres is located in the district of Criação Velha, 5km from district of Madalena and takes about 10min by car to arrive to the Centre. Follow the direction towards Madalena until you see the indication signs. 1

Open during the following holidays: Good Friday, 25 April and 1 May > 14h00 - 17h30, except if these days are Sundays or Mondays

Pico Natural Park

GRUTA DAS TORRES VISITORS CENTRE

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LANDSCAPE OF THE PICO ISLAND VINEYARD CULTURE INTERPRETATION CENTRE The Centre is located inside an old manor house, in one of the most peculiar parts of the Protected Landscape of Pico Island Vineyard Culture – Lajido of Santa Luzia. Here, a short film about the vineyard culture is presented so the visitors can collect information about the inherent values of this landscape. The guided tour will take you through the traditional cultures of vine and fig, called currais, to the interior of a warehouse and a traditional alembic, still in operation, as well as a path to the centre of Lajido that will enable you to understand how this building is closely linked to the culture of vine and fig. Along the way, you will also have the chance to visit lava fields, locally called lajidos, and follow paths carved in the rock by lava in times past and marked by micro reliefs of uncommon beauty, where several species of endemic flora have settled over time. The Centre was inaugurated on June 29, 2010 and has already been nominated for a National Specialty Award. Beyond the special features of this classified area, the Centre also provides general information on all areas of the Natural Park.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may tue to fri: 10h00 - 17h00 sat | sun: 14h00 - 17h30 closed: mon | holidays1 | Mardi Gras | Easter sun | 24 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00

GUIDED TOURS Por marcação

Duração da visita: 30 a 45 minutos Número máximo de pessoas por visita: 20

LOCATION

Rua do Lajido de Santa Luzia, 9940-108 São Roque do Pico GPS: 38º33’24,66”N ; 28º25’40,15”W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 292 207 375 - Email: pnpico.culturadavinha@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

- Visit to the Interpretation Centre (includes tasting of 1 liqueur wine): 2€ - Family Ticket (includes the visit to 2 adults with children up to 17 years old + tasting of 2 wines): 3€ - Knowing Lajido’s Heart (includes the visit to the centre + tasting of 1 liqueur wine + guided tour to Lajido de Santa Luzia): - Full Ticket: 7€ - Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 10€ - Scents and Flavours of the White Wines (tasting of 4 white wines)2: 7 € - Scents and Flavours on the Diversity of Wines (tasting of 4 wines: 1 white, 1 red, 1 rosé and 1 liqueur)2: 7 €

DISCOUNTS

Children (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13 - 17 years old): - Visit to the centre: 1€ - Knowing Lajido’s Heart: 3,50€ Senior (> 65 years old): - Visit to the centre: 1,50€ - Knowing Lajido’s Heart: 3,50€ - Scents and Flavours: 6€ Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership Card: - Visit to the centre: 1,80€ - Knowing Lajido’s Heart: 5,60€ - Scents and Flavours: 6,50€

HOW TO GET THERE

The Interpretation Centre is located near the coast in the heart of Lajido of Santa Luzia, district of Santa Luzia, municipality of São Roque do Pico. It is situated roughly 11km from the villages of São Roque do Pico and Madalena. The access from Madalena is possible either through the Regional Road or the road along the coast, following the signs to Lajido. The access from São Roque do Pico, is possible through the Regional Road, following the signs indicating to Lajido. From the airport is 5min to the centre of the city. 1

// ©PauloHSilva/siaram

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// ©PauloHSilva/siaram

Pico Natural Park

Open during the following holidays: Good Friday, 25 April and 1 May > 14h00 to 17h30, except if these days are Mondays 2 Not subject to discounts and only to people over 18 years old. During the low season, it is only by reservation and to groups of 12 persons (minimum).


SUPPORT HOUSE PICO WILD BIRDS REHABILITATION CENTRE (CERAS)

Images of Pico CERAS //©PauloHSilva/siaram

The Pico Wild Bird Rehabilitation Centre (CERAS) has as main objective the recovery of wild birds injured or debilitated in order to return them safety into nature. The Centre also functions as a point of environmental promotion and awareness to population, warning to the good practices of wounded animal handling and letting know about the birds of the region as well as those that pass through the archipelago. By appointment, visitors can make a guided visit of the Centre’s facilities and may possibly observe the species in recovery at that time.

LOCATION

Parque Florestal de Santa Luzia, Estrada Regional, s/n, Santa Luzia 9940 - 128 São Roque GPS: 38º32’31,00’’N ; 28º25’42,66’’W

CONTACTS

Tlf: (+351) 292 644 278 - Email: parque.natural.pico@azores.gov.pt

Leaving from Madalena Municipal Council and going around the building by the right, procced about 150m until you reach a roundabout in which you should come out in the third exit. Follow more 100m until a junction where you must turn right, go on by 500m to a roundabout and go straight on the third exit for the Regional Road Madalena - São Roque. Follow the road for 8km until the signaling Santa Luzia parish and 400m to the right is the CERAS, in the Forest Reserve of Santa Luzia.

Pico Natural Park

Cellar //©PauloHSilva/siaram

HOW TO GET THERE

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VINEYARDS OF CRIAÇÃO VELHA

[PR5PIC]

Pico Natural Park

The trail starts at the tide well of Porto do Calhau, district of Candelária. It was distinguished by BootsnAll magazine as one of the 8 most unique trails in the world in 2010, thanks to the scenic and cultural diversity it provides. The trail is fully inserted in cultural landscape, classified by UNESCO as World Heritage, where the vast lush green of vineyards is striated by the contrasting rough black of stone walls and lajidos. This trail is rich in elements associated with the culture of vine, such as “rola-pipas” (carved ramps for the transportation of barrels), relheiras (bare basalt tracks where the wheels of oxcarts loaded with produce ground out permanent ruts), shelter houses, cellars and tide wells. An old manor house, called “Solar dos Salemas” marks the end section of this trail, where you can rest at the sound of sea and seabirds while observing the islets of Madalena, remains of a submarine volcano, crown jewel of the region.

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GPS Starting point: Porto do Calhau (38º48’50,348”N ; 28º53’89,239”W) Finishing point: Solar dos Salemas (38º31’16,15”N ; 28º32’15,75”W) How to get there Take the Regional Road towards Monte (district of Candelária). Near km 97, follow the signs to “Porto do Calhau”. It starts at the tide well of Porto do Calhau, district of Candelária, municipality of Madalena. Recommended equipment

Vineyards of Criação Velha //©PauloHSilva/siaram

WALKING TRAILS

Extension 8km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 2h Max. Alt. 45m | Min. Alt. 3m


Landscape of Santa Luzia //siaram.azores.gov.pt Basaltic formations (detail) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Traditional well //©PauloHSilva/siaram Basaltic formations (detail) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

[PR1PIC]

This trail begins in the district of Santa Luzia, next to the Regional Road, continues down towards the sea through the Landscape of Pico Island Vineyard Culture, where you will discorver centenarian paths once used by the inhabitants of this island. In some sections of these old paths, it is still possible to see the relheiras, carved in natural rough rock, with small stone slabs flanked by high walls of dry stone masonry. Further south, from the church of Santa Luzia, the trail becomes circular, entering a dirt road that leads to a canada flanked by stone walls and dense vegetation and bringing us back to that church.

Extension 10,5km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 3h Max. Alt. 330m | Min. Alt. 3m GPS Starting point: Santa Luzia (38º54’16,068”N ; 28º41’65,760”W) Finishing point: Church of Santa Luzia (38º32’46,58”N ; 28º24’161”W) How to get there The route begins in the district of Santa Luzia, municipality of São Roque do Pico, along the Regional Road (10 km). Recommended equipment

Pico Natural Park

ROADS OF SANTA LUZIA

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Lava formations //©PauloHSilva/siaram

LAJIDO

This trail begins on the whaling lookout in Sant’Ana, district of Santo António. It crosses a rural location, follows the coast, inside the area classified by UNESCO as World Heritage. You will cross the coastal villages of Sant’Ana, Cabrito, Arcos and Lajido, with their cellars, warehouses, chapels, stills, wells tides and a number of old manor houses. The trail is dominated by lava fields where various volcanic formations can be observed, such as pahoehoe lava and tumuli. It is also marked by an extensive «net» of stone walls called “currais” for the cultivation of vine (rectangular and quadrangular) and fig (semicircular). Reaching the end of the trail, do not miss the chance to visit the Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Interpretation Centre in Lajido of Santa Luzia.

Extension 8,7km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 2h30 Max. Alt. 180m | Min. Alt. 3m GPS Starting point: Vigia da Baleia in Sant’Ana (38º54’51,880”N ; 28º36’47,120”W) Finishing point: Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Interpretation Centre (38º55’69,94”N ; 28º42’78,11”W) How to get there Head towards the village of Sant’Ana, district of Santo António until you find the trail sign.

Pico Natural Park

Recommended equipment

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Lava formations //©PauloHSilva/siaram

[PR10PIC]

Lava formations //©PauloHSilva/siaram

SANT’ANA


Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea patriciae) //©WMedeiros

LAGOA DO CAPITÃO [PR13PIC]

The trail starts in the central plateau of Pico, in Lagoa do Capitão and offers natural habitats of various species of endemic flora, many with special protected status: Platanthera micrantha, Daisy (Bellis azorica) and Sanicle (Sanicula azorica). This extremely interesting trail, offers not only a magnificent scenary but also the possibility to listen to the song or even spot bird species such as the Canary (Serinus canaria), the Blackbird (Turdus merula azorensis), the Common Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs moreletti), the Goldcrest (Regulus regulus), the Blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla atlantias) and the Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea patriciae).

GPS Starting point: Lagoa do Capitão (38º48’18,210”N ; 28º31”94,170”W) Finishing point: Convent of São Pedro de Alcântara (38º31’24,50”N ; 28º19’6,36”W) How to get there Follow toward the center of the island by the Longitudinal Road. Near km 21 follow the signs to Lagoa do Capitão. Recommended equipment

Pico Natural Park

Lagoa do Capitão //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Sanicle (Sanicula azorica) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Extension 9,2km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 3h Max. Alt. 770m | Min. Alt. 20m

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Caminho dos Burros //©

CAMINHO DOS BURROS: NORTH SIDE

Pico Natural Park

[PR2PIC]

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The trail starts at the central plateau and follows an old communication road once used by the inhabitants of the north and south coasts of the island. It crosses the Nature Reserve of Mistério da Prainha, ending at Baía de Canas and provides stunning natural landscapes, dominated by rare endemic habitats and species of flora and fauna that present a community interest, notably Euphorbia stygiana, Frangula azorica, Heather (Erica azorica), Azorean Blueberry (Vaccynium cylindraceum), Holly (Ilex azorica), Arceuthobium azoricum and Juniper (Juniperus brevifolia). The landscape is also strongly marked by typical structures of effusive volcanism. These lava flows were issued by Cabeços do Mistério during the historical eruption of 1562 - 64 (the longest historical eruption of the Azores).

Extension 12km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 3h20 Max. Alt. 830m | Min. Alt. 3m GPS Starting point: Caminho das lagoas (38º46’23,200”N ; 28º27’63,840”W) Finishing point: Baía de Canas (38º29’22,15”N ; 28º14’9,54”W) How to get there Follow the Transversal Road until the junction of Caminho das Lagoas and after about 2 400m you will find the direction signs to the trail. Recommended equipment


Ponta da ilha //©PauloHSilva/siaram

PONTA DA ILHA

[PR3PIC]

The trail starts at Porto do Calhau, district of Piedade. It follows mainly old paths along the coast, once used by fishermen and crosses the Protected Landscape of Pico Island Vineyard Culture, ending at the lighthouse, in Manhenha. A section of the trail is located in a nesting area for Terns (Sterna hirunda and Sterna dougallii), which is why, between May and July, an alternative path is clearly marked. At the end of the trail, before reaching Baía da Manhenha, you will see the lighthouse of Ponta da Ilha, standing on one of the richest coastal habitats in regards to the diversity of endemic species, most with the protection status, notably the Azorean Trefoil (Lotus azoricus) and the Forget-me-not (Myosotis maritima).

Extension 10km Level of difficulty Difficult Duration 3h Max. Alt. 38m | Min. Alt. 3m GPS Starting point: Porto do Calhau (38º43’92,166”N ; 28º05’61,282”W) Finishing point: Manhenha Lighthouse ( 38º24’45,55”N ; 28º15’09,6”W) How to get there Follow towards the district of Piedade, municipality of Lajes do Pico, pass the church of Nossa Senhora da Piedade, direction of Calhau.

Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Forget-me-not (Myosotis maritima) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii ) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Recommended equipment


PICO MOUNTAIN LIMITED ACCESS

Pico Mountain is the highest point in Portugal, with 2 351m of altitude. Currently classified as Nature Reserve, it is one of the oldest Protected Areas in Portugal, created in 1972 as Strict Nature Reserve. Although not a technical climb, it is considered to be a trail of high difficulty. Along the way you will see natural habitats of rare endemism, as Pico Mountain is the only place in Azores that includes alpine and sub - alpine habitats, subject to prolonged snow deposits. Geological formations of great importance are abundant throughout the trail: pyroclastic deposits, lava toes, grottos and lava tunnels, hornitos, driblet cones, plagioclase rosette and panahoe lava. At 2 050m altitude lies a fossil crater and on the summit, a pit crater, the lava cone of Piquinho and an eruptive fissure. The presence of the Catchfy (Silene uniflora ssp. Cratericola) also deserves special highlight, as this endemic sub - species only exist in the crater of Pico Mountain. Add the stunning view offered throughout the trail, reaching its climax at the mountain top. According to the Regulation of Access to Pico Mountain, visitors can make this trail in two ways: autonomously or through a tourist company. The permission to climb is provided at the Mountain’s House (see the schedule), headquarters of Pico National Park, located on Rua do Lajido, Santa Luzia, or by completing the form on the official website of the Regional Government of Azores (www.azores.gov.pt).

Extension 7,6km (3,8km from the base to the summit) Level of difficulty Difficult Duration 7h Max. Alt. 2 351m | Min. Alt. 1 230m GPS Starting point: Mountain’s House (38º28’13,89”N ; 28º25’35,33”W) Finishing point: Mountain’s House (38º28’13,89”N ; 28º25’35,33”W) How to get there Follow towards the center of the island by the Longitudinal Road. Between km 12 and 13 follow the indication to the Nature Reserve of Pico Mountain until you reach the Mountain’s House.

Pico Natural Park

Pico Mountain //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Recommended equipment

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POINTS OF INTEREST It is the viewpoint of excellence of Lajido of Criação Velha. It offers a panoramic view over the tracery formed by the currais of Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This magnificent landscape of unmatched features, marked by the blackness of basalt stones is always beautiful. During winter the sea spray is palpable; during summer and on stormy days the landscape is punctuated by the green leaves. From here, you can still admire the Pico - Faial channel and Pico Mountain. GPS: 38º51’42,35”N ; 28º53’40,85”W

View from the Pico da Urze viewpoint // PNPico

WINDMILL OF FRADE

LAGOA DO CAPITÃO The access to the lake is possible through the Longitudinal Road and from Cabeço dos Piquinhos. The viewpoint offers a panorama over the municipality of São Roque do Pico, the northern slopes of Pico Mountain, often mirrored in the calm waters of the lake, and the Pico - Sao Jorge channel. GPS: 38º48’68,18”N ; 28º31’83,21”W

CORRE ÁGUA VIEWPOINT

View from the Corre Água viewpoint // PNPico

Windmill of Frade // PNPico

Located on the northern slope, on the Transversal Road (connects São Roque to Lajes do Pico), this viewpoint offers a beautiful panorama over the municipality of São Roque, the Mistério da Prainha, Pico - São Jorge channel and part of Pico Mountain. GPS: 38º48’22,48”N ; 28º29’0,883”W

Pico Natural Park

PICO DA URZE VIEWPOINT

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Located 899m above sea level in the heart of the island of Pico, is a true natural viewpoint that presents its visitors with a stunning 360 degree view over the whole island. Contemplate Pico Mountain, the central plateau, Mistério da Prainha, Topo volcano and the mosaics of semi-natural vegetation that serve as shelter for local livestock. The crater of this volcano is coated with various species of endemic flora. GPS: 38º45’36,15”N ; 28º35’0,320”W

SÃO MIGUEL ARCANJO VIEWPOINT Located on the Regional Road, São Miguel Arcanjo, municipality of São Roque. From here, you can enjoy a panoramic view over the northwest coast of the island: the village, commercial docks and bay of São Roque. GPS: 38º50’30,87”N ; 28º28’56,12”W


FOREST RESERVE OF RECREIO DA PRAINHA VIEWPOINT

MEIA ENCOSTA VIEWPOINT It is situated on a path known as Meia Encosta that crosses the central plateau towards the village of Prainha, on the northern slopes of the island. Contemplate the beauty of this vast landscape, from the districts of Santo Amaro and Prainha to the São Jorge island. GPS: 38º44’55,21”N ; 28º19’88,89”W

View from the Alto dos Cedros viewpoint // PNPico

Forest Reserve of Recreio da Prainha viewpoint // PNPico

From this viewpoint, situated in the Forest Reserve of Recreio da Prainha, you have a broad panorama that stretches from the coastline, Baía das Canas and Ponta do Mistério to the island of São Jorge. It is possible to see the Protected Landscape of the Ponta do Mistério Vineyard Culture with its currais hidden under dense vegetation. This zone hosts the largest colony of seagulls on the island of Pico, and is also a nesting area for the Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis). GPS: 38º49’10,81”N ; 28º24’83,63”W

ALTO DOS CEDROS VIEWPOINT Located in the district of Ribeirinha, on an ancient path of access to the vineyards, this viewpoint is integrated in a walking trail managed by the municipality of Lajes do Pico, offering a unique panoramic view over this area of cliffs with the various lava fajãs of the northern coast of the island. GPS: 38º44’68,89”N ; 28º10’56,33”W

CABEÇO DA HERA VIEWPOINT Situated in Cabeço da Hera, near the Park of Matos Souto, in the district of Piedade, it is a privileged location to contemplate the eastern part of the island. You will have the chance to observe some of the areas that integrate the Natura 2000 network of Ponta da Ilha, inside Pico Natural Park, the rocky formation of Castelete da Piedade, the Pico – São Jorge channel, part of the district of Piedade and with favorable weather conditions, the Terceira island. GPS: 38º41’88,46”N ; 28º05’04,86”W

View from the Meia Encosta viewpoint // PNPico

ARRIFE VIEWPOINT Situated by the Regional Road, in Ponta do Arrife, district of Ribeiras, this viewpoint offers a broad panorama of the south coast of the island between the districts of Ribeiras, Calheta de Nesquim and at north, the Topo volcano, the oldest volcano of the island. GPS: 38º38’91,31”N ; 28º22’18,42”W

Pico Natural Park

Located on the northeastern part of the island, in the district of Ribeirinha, on the highest point of the cliff, at 415m above sea level. It offers a panoramic view of São Jorge island and of Pico - São Jorge channel. With favorable weather, you can see the Terceira island, the northeast coast of São Jorge island and, west, Pico Mountain. GPS: 38º44’52,93”N ; 28º11’90,16”W

View from the viewpoint of Arrife // PNPico

TERRA ALTA VIEWPOINT

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SĂŁo Jorge Natural park


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São Jorge Natural Park

Bryophyte //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Bryophyte //©PauloHSilva/siaram


elongated shape of the island with numerous peaks aligned. Unlike the other Azorean islands the singularity of its coastline is attributed to the peculiar fajãs.

//©PauloHSilva/siaram

Fajã dos Cubres //©PauloHSilva/siaram

São Jorge resulted from a fissural volcanic activity hence the

São Jorge Natural Park was created in 2011 to protect the island’s natural heritage, covering about 15% of its total territory. These

Trail to Fajã do Mero //©PauloHSilva/siaram

areas are classified according to four categories established by the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) and integrate important interpretation and contemplation points. The Park has great prospects of promoting São Jorge. Thus, in addition to nature conservation aspects, it aims to promote tourism excellence, notably through the development of attractive visiting conditions to the areas of greatest interest for eco and rural tourism, highlighting the fajãs and walking trails. 8 geosites were ranked on the island and 6 inserted are inserted in the Natural Park area: Central Volcanic Mountain Range; Morro de Velas and Morro de Lemos, Fajã dos Cubres and Santo and the islet of Topo. The biodiversity and geodiversity of São Jorge are unique in the world. About 54 species endemic to the Azores are distributed throughout the island, such as communities of

//©PauloHSilva/siaram

Cristo caldera; Ponta dos Rosais; Mistério da Urzelina; and Ponta

Juniper (Juniperus brevifolia), Heather (Erica azorica) and Laurel (Laurus azorica). Among the arthropods, two species are endemic: Tree Lacehopper (Cixius azopifajo azojo), common in the canopy of several endemic trees and shrubs; São Jorge canopy of Laurel (Laurus azorica) and Holly (Ilex perado azorica), and Ground Beetle (Trechus jorgensis).

Myosotella myosotis //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Leafhopper (Megamelodes quadrimaculatus) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

//©PauloHSilva/siaram

Sac Spider (Cheiracanthium jorgeense), associated with the


ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRES SÃO JORGE PARK’S HOUSE São Jorge Park’s House was created by the Natural Park with the aim of promoting its various assets. At the reception / shop you can purchase souvenirs and watch a promotional video about the Park. In the main room, the permanent exhibition “Treasures of the Park” displays a map of the island with the identification of the areas classified by IUCN, photographs relating to each one and the location of the three classified trails of the Natural Park. You will also find a children’s play area equipped with educational games on the Azores and environmental education. Arranged around the room are informative panels about the geology, biodiversity and heritage of the island, the Natural Park and the genesis of the São Jorge Ecomuseum. Notice the layout and graphic footer of the panels, evoking the motives used in São Jorge traditional woven quilts. Furthermore, a tree trunk displays and identifies a number of endemic plants and the multimedia area provides you with information on the RAMSAR areas and sounds of nature. Further on, you will find an exhibition of black and white photographs of the Protected Areas of São Jorge by Paulo Henrique Silva. Finish your visit with the documentary projected in the auditorium. Temporary exhibitions and workshops are organized regularly.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may tue to fri: 10h00 - 17h00 sat: 14h00 - 17h30 closed: sun | mon | holidays1 | Mardi Gras | 24 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00

GUIDED TOURS

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Interior of the Park House and Ecomuseum of the island of São Jorge //PNSãoJorge

São Jorge Natural Park

By appointment

Visit duration: 45 to 60 minutes Maximum number of people per visit: 12

LOCATION

Estrada Regional - Norte Grande, 9800-132 Velas GPS: 38º40’12,853’’N ; 28º03’34,502’’W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 295 417 018 / 295 403 860 - Email: pnsjorge.casadoparque@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Free entrance

HOW TO GET THERE

Accessible on any vehicle or on foot, at the beginning of the descent to Fajã do Ouvidor, in Norte Grande. 17km from Vila de Velas.

¹Open during the following holidays: Good Friday, 25 April and 1 May > 14h00 - 17h30, except if these days are Sundays or Mondays


FAJÃ DA CALDEIRA DE SANTO CRISTO INTERPRETATION CENTRE The Fajã da Caldeira de Santo Cristo Interpretation Centre was designed to provide tools that allow the visitor to learn about the geological, biological and human history of São Jorge’s fajãs, in particular Fajã da Caldeira de Santo Cristo and Fajã dos Cubres. The Centre was inaugurated inside a reconstructed dwelling house and its respective support annex, maintaining the traditional original facade. The main building consists of the ground floor with the reception area, and the first floor with the exhibition room. In the reception area you can purchase the exhibition tickets, as well as souvenirs related to the island’s natural heritage, acquire technical information in the multimedia kiosk, enjoy a leisure area and visit the space where a traditional oven is displayed along with replicas of utensils and a brief description. In the exhibition room, the visitor is taken back to the history of formation of the fajãs up to today, passing through various areas. You will also have the opportunity to view several documentaries on the Fajã da Caldeira de Santo Cristo and on ethnographic subjects. To complete the uncovering of the Natural Park and understand the close relation between geodiversity and biodiversity on the island, cover the walking trails and viewpoints and contemplate the rich landscape. SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 30 november and 01 april to 31 may sat | sun: 10h00 - 12h00 | 13h00 - 16h00 closed: mon to fri | holidays | Easter sun 01 december to 31 march sat: 10h00 - 12h00 | 13h00 - 16h00 closed: sun to fri | holidays | 24 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september wed to sun | holidays: 10h00 - 12h00 | 13h00 - 16h00 closed: mon | tue

GUIDED TOURS By appointment

Visit duration: 45 to 60 minutes Maximum number of people per visit: 15

CONTACTS

Tlf: 295 403 860 - Email: pnsjorge.fajasantocristo@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Full Ticket: 2,50€ Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 4€

DISCOUNTS

Children (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13-17 years old): 1,25€ Senior (+ 65 years old): 1,25€ Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership Card: 2€

HOW TO GET THERE

On foot, from the trail of Serra do Topo or from Fajã dos Cubres. 1

Open during the following holidays: Good Friday, 25 April and 1 May > 14h00 - 17h30, except if these days are Sundays or Mondays

São Jorge Natural Park

Interior of the Fajã da Caldeira de Santo Cristo Interpretation Centre //©PauloHSilva/siaram

LOCATION

Caldeira de Santo Cristo, 9850 Calheta GPS: 38º37’26,644’’N ; 27º55’48,266’’W

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WALKING TRAILS PICO DO PICO DA PEDRO ESPERANÇA

FAJÃ DO OUVIDOR [PR4SJO]

Throughout this trail you will be able to observe a wide variety of endemic flora, such as Tolpis azorica, Frangula azorica, Holly (Ilex azorica) and Heather (Erica azorica), among others. It crosses areas of high geological importance. In addition to passing by the highest point of the island, Pico da Esperança, with 1 053m, you will have a view over the entire central mountain range, with its alignment of volcanic cones, as well as Algar do Montoso, the largest grotto in the Azores. Visits are possible with a certified guide. The trail ends at a place of great geological importance: Fajã do Ouvidor, the largest lava fajã of the island, with its natural pools where you can refresh yourself. Towards the ending point, before following down to Fajã do Ouvidor, don’t miss a visit to São Jorge Park’s House, where you can discover more about the island’s biodiversity, geology and heritage, as well as São Jorge Natural Park.

Extension 17km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 4h Max. Alt. 1013m | Min. Alt. 50m GPS Starting point: Pico do Pedro (38º40’05,816’’N ; 28º07’05,268’’W) Finishing point: Fajã do Ouvidor (38º40’34,280’’N ; 28º03’11,062’’W) How to get there The trails starts at the Transversal Road, between Urzelina and Santo António. Accessible by any motor vehicule or on foot.

São Jorge Natural Park

Recommended equipment

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NORTE PEQUENO [PR6SJO]

Pico da Esperança //PNSãoJorge

The circular trail of Norte Pequeno offers a great diversity of flora species, among which Daisy (Bellis azorica), Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica), Azorean Blueberry (Vaccinium cylindraceum) and Azorina vidalii. You will be able to see some of the Northern fajãs: Mero, Penedia and Pontas, as well as the neighboring islands of Graciosa and Terceira. Along the descent notice several water courses, conducive to cultivation of yams, as well as several wires that were used to transport firewood and food for the animals. The fajãs present different cultures and traditional architecture. The trail ends at the starting point, after a section through the center of the district that offers a contact with today’s rural life.

GPS Starting point: Dairy Factory of Norte Pequeno (38º38’45,869’’N ; 28º00’21,163’’W) Finishing point: Dairy Factory of Norte Pequeno (38º38’45,869’’N ; 28º00’21,163’’W) How to get there The trail starts next to the dairy factory of Norte Pequeno. Accessible by any motor vehicule or on foot.

São Jorge Natural Park

Recommended equipment

Daisy (Bellis azorica) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Norte Pequeno //PNSãoJorge

Azorean Holly (Ilex azorica) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

n

Extension 11km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 3h Max. Alt. 480m | Min. Alt. 0m

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SERRA DO TOPO [PR1SJO]

FAJÃ DA CALDEIRA DE SANTO CRISTO

The trail passes by iconic locations of the São Jorge island, allowing close contact with a wide diversity of fauna and flora, as well as a unique natural landscape. In terms of fauna, you will be able to spot a number of bird species, such as the Common Chaffinch (Frangilla coelebs moreletti), the Goldcrest (Regulus regulus), the Blackbird (Turdus merula azorensis) and seabirds such as the Common Tern (Sterna hirundo), the Roseate Tern (Sterna dougalli), among others. Species such as the Hard Fern (Blechnum spicant), the Saint-John’s Wort (Hypericum foliosum), the Tolpis (Tolips azorica), the Azorean Blueberry (Vaccinium cylindraceum), among others, are common throughout the trail. You will have the opportunity to bathe in the cascade of Fajã da Caldeira de Cima or in the lake of Fajã da Caldeira de Santo Cristo, a unique location conducive for the development of a unique species in the Azores, the clams. Before resuming the trail, visit the Fajã da Caldeira de Santo Cristo Interpretation Centre that will provide you with information to better understand this nook of nature. You will also pass by Fajã dos Tijolos and Fajã dos Belos, ending at Fajã dos Cubres, named after the flower species that grows abundantly on this location, Cubres or Salt Marsh Goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens). Fajã da Caldeira de Santo Cristo and Fajã dos Cubres, filled with their lakes, are important classified RAMSAR areas and prime locations for relaxation.

Extension 10km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 2h30 Max. Alt. 690m | Min. Alt. 45m GPS Starting point: Serra do Topo (38º35’51,192’’N ; 27º55’37,157’’W) Finishing point: Fajã dos Cubres (27º57’47,998’’38º38’24,243’’N ; 27º57’47,998’’W) How to get there The trail starts at the wind farm of Serra do Topo. Accessible by any motor vehicule or on foot.

São Jorge Natural Park

Recommended equipment

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FAJÃ DOS CUBRE


Common Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs moreletti) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

View to Fajã dos Cubres //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Ruditapes decussatus //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Euphorbia azorica //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Ponds of Fajã dos Cubres //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Waterfall of Fajã da Caldeira de Santo Cristo //©PauloHSilva/siaram

ES


FAJÃS OF SÃO JORGE

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Typical houses of the fajãs //©PauloHSilva/siaram

São Jorge Natural Park

The fajãs can be detrital or of escarpment, like Fajãs dos Cubres and Caldeira de Santo Cristo, or lava fajã, like Fajã do Ouvidor. The detrital fajãs result from mass movements from the upper slopes, while the lava fajãs result of a drained lava advancing on the sea, spreading at the base of the cliff. The number of fajãs is not registered however, it is possible to identify several along the coast, notalby on the northern coast, where the cliffs are steeper. The estuarine systems present in each of these coves are unique not only in the archipelago but also in the biogeographic region of Macaronesia. They are of great ecological importance, baring major conservation interest due to the biological diversity and the existence of protected habitats. The human occupation of fajãs dates back from the beginning of settlement, especially in the larger coves of the southern coast, extremely fertile areas with favorable weather conditions. Wich are optimal for the cultivation of fruits and vegetables, such as vine, yam or maize.

The fajãs are coastal coves that corre to accommodate constructions and caused by earthquakes, either by lav


Serra de São Jorge //©PauloHSilva/siaram

espond to platforms located at the base of towering cliffs and are likely crops. They are formed either by the collapse of surrouding cliffs, va flows.

The following list covers the main fajãs of São Jorge, categorized by the district: ROSAIS: Fajã Mata Sete, Fajã Fernando Afonso, Fajã do Pedregalo, Fajã Amaro da Cunha, Fajã da Erida, Fajã Maria Pereira, Fajã do Boi, Fajã de João Dias, Fajã do Centeio, Fajã do Valado, Fajã das Feteiras VELAS: Fajã de Entre Poios, Fajã Pelada, Fajã Cerrado das Silvas, Fajã da Choupana, Fajã do Lemos. MANADAS: Fajã das Almas, Fajã do Negro SANTO AMARO: Fajã do Canto, Fajã Vereda Vermelha, Fajã de Vasco Martins, Fajã Rasa, Fajã de Manuel Teixeira, Fajã das Fajanetas, Fajã da Ponta Furada, Fajã da Queimada NORTE GRANDE: Fajã Rasa, Fajã do Caminho do Meio, Fajã da Ponta Nova, Fajã de Além, Fajã da Fajãnzinha, Fajã do Ouvidor, Fajã Isabel Pereira, Fajã da Ribeira da Areia, Fajã Chã NORTE PEQUENO: Fajã dos Azevinhos, Fajã do Mero, Fajã da Abelheira, Fajã das Funduras, Fajã da Penedia, Fajã das Pontas, Fajã da Neca, Fajã da Betesga RIBEIRA SECA: Fajã dos Cubres, Fajã do Belo, Fajã dos Tijolos, Fajã de Santo Cristo, Fajã da Caldeira de Cima, Fajã Redonda, Fajã Sanguinhal, Fajã de Entre Ribeiras, Fajã de Além, Fajã do Ginjal, Fajã das Barreiras, Fajã do Cavalete, Fajã dos Bodes, Fajã da Fonte do Nicalau, Fajã dos Vimes, Fajã da Fragueira CALHETA: Fajã Grande

TOPO: Fajã dos Cubres, Fajã das Cubas ou Baleia, Fajã da Fajãzinha

São Jorge Natural Park

Typical houses of the fajãs //©PauloHSilva/siaram

SANTO ANTÃO: Fajã do Castelhano, Fajã do Salto Verde, Fajã do Norte das Fajãs, Fajã da Ribeira Funda, Fajã do Norte Estreito, Fajã do Nortezinho, Fajã do Labaçal, Fajã ou Rocha da Coqueira, Fajã do Cruzal, Fajã do Cardoso, Fajã da Saramagueira, Fajã de São João

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POINTS OF INTEREST VIGIA DA BALEIA VIEWPOINT

From here you can see the geological formation of Morro de Lemos and Morro Grande, both extremely important for the nesting of a number of birds, notably the Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis). GPS: 38°41’317”N ; 28°12’823”W

View from the viewpoint to the bay of Entre Morros //PNSãoJorge

From this viewpoint, it is possible to contemplate the entire Protected Area, the lighthouse of Rosais, as well as the islands of Graciosa, Faial and Pico. GPS: 38°45’08,2”N ; 28°18’31,6”W

VIEWPOINT TO THE BAY OF ENTRE MORROS

View from the Vigia da Baleia viewpoint //PNSãoJorge

VELAS VIEWPOINT This viewpoint is located on the steep cliffs of Costa de Velas, in front of the Habitat / Species Management Area of Costa das Velas. The high cliffs are an extremely important area for the nesting of seabirds, such as the Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis) and the Common Tern (Sterna hirundo). Regarding the flora, notice the specimens of Azorean Candleberry Tree (Morella faya), Heather (Erica azorica) and Picconia azorica. GPS: 38°40’849”N ; 28°11’843”W

FERNANDO AFONSO VIEWPOINT

São Jorge Natural Park

PICO DA VELHA VIEWPOINT

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Contemplate the entire coast of the Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources of Entre Morros. GPS: 38°43’848”N ; 28°15’758”W

View from the Velas viewpoint //PNSãoJorge

This viewpoint offers a panorama over the northwestern coast, the steep cliff, its fauna and flora. GPS: 38º44’26,72”N ; 28º15’49,77”W


QUEIMADA VIEWPOINT

This viewpoint is a prime observation spot to the entire Fajã das Almas and the Habitat / Species Management Area of Fajã das Almas. In this area you can see specimens of marine birds, such as the Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii) and the Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis), and flora such as the Heather (Erica azorica) and the Azorean Candleberry Tree (Morella faya). GPS: 38°37’074”N ; 28°04’922”W

View from the Fajã das Almas viewpoint //PNSãoJorge

View from the Queimada viewpoint //PNSãoJorge

The Queimada viewpoint is located within the Habitat / Species Management Area of Costa das Velas and offers a wonderful view of the village of Velas and its steep slope. GPS: 38°40’381”N ; 28°11’672”W

FAJÃ DAS ALMAS VIEWPOINT

PICO DA ESPERANÇA VIEWPOINT Pico da Esperança is the highest point on the island, with about 1 053m, located in the Habitat / Species Management Area of Pico da Esperança e Planalto Central. From this viewpoint you can see, with favorable weather, the alignment of volcanic cones and the four neighboring islands: north, Graciosa and Terceira; south, Pico and Faial. This site is a prime habitat for wildlife such as the Common Snipe (Gallinago Gallinago galinago), and endemic flora, such as Tolpis azorica, Saint-John’s Wort (Hyperium foliosum) and Pericallis malviflora. GPS: 38°38’36,6”N ; 28°04’36,6”W

FAJÃ DOS CUBRES VIEWPOINTS On the way down to Fajã dos Cubres, located within the Protected Landscape of Fajãs do Norte, you will find two viewpoints. One at the beginning of the slope, where you can admire the entire slope of Fajãs of Cubres, Caldeira de Santo Cristo and Caldeira do Belo, and a second viewpoint halfway down, where you can see the entire area of the Fajã dos Cubres. GPS: 38°38’845”N ; 27°59’291”W / 38°38’507”N ; 27°58’541”W

PONTINHA DO TOPO VIEWPOINT

São Jorge Natural Park

View from the viewpoint of Topo //PNSãoJorge

View from the Pico da Esperança viewpoint //PNSãoJorge

This viewpoint is part of the Habitat / Species Management Area of Topo and is located in Ponta do Topo. From here you can admire the Habitat / Species Management Area of Ilhéu do Topo and the Protected Area with sustainable use of natural resources of Costa Nordeste. This area hosts a wide variety of seabirds, such as the Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) and the Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis). As for the flora, you can easily see specimens of Fescue (Festuca petraea). GPS: 38°32’887”N ; 27°45’172”W

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Graciosa Natural Park


Graciosa Natural Park

Monteiro’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma monteiroi)//©PauloHSilva/siaram

Vineyard landscape //©PauloHSilva/siaram

82 Rock formation //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Village of Santa Cruz da Graciosa //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Azorean Bellflower (Azorina vidalii) //©PauloHSilva/siaram


group, has always been noted for its smooth and low relief. This is also the reason why the island presents the lowest levels of rainfall in the archipelago. The scenic, geological, environmental and cultural values of ​​

Furna d’Água //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Graciosa, the smallest and northernmost island of the central

Graciosa are singular: Furna do Enxofre, a cave which bears the largest volcanic dome of Europe, and Ilhéu da Praia, islet where the most important and diverse colony of seabirds in the Azores nest. These features have earned the island to join UNESCO’s World Network of Biosphere Reserves in 2007 and, in 2008, Graciosa Parque Natural was born. To achieve the goals of the Azores Natural Parks, the Furna do Enxofre Visitors Centre was created inside the caldera and a house was recovered on Ilhéu da Praia where scientists and researchers can study the rich fauna. The following places are noted for their geological-geosites interest: Caldeira and Furna do Enxofre; Caldeirinha de Carapacho; Ponta da Restinga and Ilhéu de Baixo; Porto Afonso and Redondo; Baía da Vitória; Santa Cruz da Graciosa; Erupção do Pico Timão; Arribas da Serra Branca and Baía do Filipe. The flora of the island and its islets is represented by 437 vascular plants (endemic and exotic), 34 of which are endemic to the archipelago. Among the marine species, particularly birds, one has earned international recognition due to its rarity and recent

“Burra de Milho” //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Pêro Botelho; Ponta da Barca and Ilhéu da Baleia; Ponta do

discovery: Monteiro’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma monteiroi),

Orquídea-dos-Açores (Platanthera micrantha) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

the island’s only endemic seabird that only nests in its islets.


ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRES FURNA DO ENXOFRE VISITORS CENTRE

Graciosa Natural Park

Located in the Natural Monument of Caldeira da Graciosa, the Furna do Enxofre Visitors Centre (CVFE) is the core of the Biosphere Reserve, of Graciosa Natural Park and, since April 5, 2010, the entrance to Furna do Enxofre. This two floor building safeguards environmental quality, strict respect for the values of geodiversity and biodiversity, as well as the balance between scenic and aesthetic quality. The lower floor is buried in the platform and houses the exhibition area, where as on the top floor you will find the reception area, the entrance to the cavern and an area dedicated to dissemination, awareness and landscape observation. For a better understanding of the volcanic processes that gave birth to the island and, in particular, to Furna do Enxofre and the caldera, several informative pannels and monitors showing the levels of CO2 recorded inside the cavern are displayed, as well as images and films about the natural and cultural values ​​of Graciosa.

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SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00

GUIDED TOURS

01 oct to 31 may: tue to fri: 10h30 | 14h30 | 15h30 sat: 14h30 | 15h30 01 jun to 30 sep: 11h30 | 15h00 | 16h30 Held according to safety criteria. Visit duration: 40 to 60 minutes. Maximum number of people per visit: 30

LOCATION

Caldeira da Graciosa, 9980 Santa Cruz da Graciosa GPS: 39º01’29,95’’N ; 27º58’16,30’’W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 295 714 009 - Email: pngraciosa.furnadoenxofre@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Full Ticket: 3,50€ Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 6€

DISCOUNTS

Children (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13-17 years old): 1,75€ Senior (+ 65 years old): 1,75€ Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership Card: 2,80€

HOW TO GET THERE

From the village of Santa Cruz da Graciosa, if you choose to go by car or bike, follow the direction towards Guadalupe, to Pedras Brancas, where you will continue towards the caldera. You can also use public transportation (taxis and buses). The taxi stop is located in Praça Fontes Pereira de Melo, in the center, and the central bus station, at Rua da Boavista (then follow part of the trail Volta à Caldeira - Furna do Enxofre, through approximately 2km). 1

Open during the following holidays: Good Friday, 25 April, 1 May and 10 June > 14h00 - 17h30, except if these days are Sundays or Mondays

Graciosa Natural Park

Furnas do Enxofre Visitors Centre //©PauloHSilva/siaram

01 october to 31 may tue to fri: 10h00 - 17h00 sat: 14h00 - 17h30 closed: sun | mon | holydays1 | Mardi Gras | 24 and 31 dec

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Graciosa Natural Park


WALKING TRAILS VOLTA À CALDEIRA [PRC2GRA]

FURNA DO ENXOFRE

This trail begins and ends at Canada das Furnas (access road to Caldeira and Furna do Enxofre). Start by climbing up to the tunnel that leads to Furna do Enxofre. After visiting the centre (where you will find specific information), return to the track down the same road and turn left, following the sign. After about 150m you will find and can visit a cave / lava tube, known as Furna do Abel. Continue up to the junction that circles the entire caldera. 150m to the left, a wooden staircase leads you to Furna da Maria Encantada. Notice the various geological formations and enjoy the beautiful view of the caldera. Resume the circling trail with its panoramic view over almost the entire southern coast of Graciosa and the other islands of the central group.

Extension 10,8km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 3h30 Max. Alt. 303m | Min. Alt. 65m

How to get there From the village of Santa Cruz da Graciosa, if you choose to go by car or bike, follow the direction towards Guadalupe, to Pedras Brancas, where you will continue towards the caldera. You can also use public transportation (taxis and buses). The taxi stop is located in Praça Fontes Pereira de Melo, in the center, and the central bus station, at Rua da Boavista (then follow part of the trail Volta à Caldeira - Furna do Enxofre, through approximately 2km). Recommended equipment

Graciosa Natural Park

Interior of Furna do Enxofre //©PauloHSilva/siaram

GPS Starting point: Canada das Furnas (39º02’08,85’’N ; 27º59’13,81’’W) Finishing point: Canada das Furnas (39º02’08,85’’N ; 27º59’13,81’’W)

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POINTS OF INTEREST PONTA DA BARCA LIGHTHOUSE

Geological formations //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Located on the northwest coast of Graciosa, with more than 80 years, Ponta da Barca lighthouse has the tallest tower among all the Azorean lighthouses, surrounded by the islet of Baleia and numerous sea birds. GPS: 39º05’36,56’’N ; 28º02’57’’W

VIEWPOINT OF CARAPACHO LIGHTHOUSE

Islet of Baixo //©PauloHSilva/siaram

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Islet of Baleia //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Graciosa Natural Park

Located in Ponta da Restinga, next to Carapacho lighthouse. From this viewpoint you can enjoy a breathtaking view of the southern coast of the island and of the islet of Baixo, Carapacho with its thermal baths, and the other islands of the central group. GPS: 39º00’51,39’’N ; 27º57’18,18’’W


VIEWPOINT OF CALDEIRINHA DE PÊRO BOTELHO

Guadalupe //©PauloHSilva/siaram

It is possible to observe, to the northwest, the gentle slope of the district of Guadalupe sprinkled with cinder cones and afar, the historic village of Santa Cruz with its white houses. To the southeast, notice the three volcanic massifs that integrate the most mountainous part of the island, namely Serra das Fontes, Serra Dormida and Caldeira of Graciosa. GPS: 39º02’22,27”N ; 28º01’50,80”W

FURNA DA MARIA ENCANTADA

Luz //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Accessible through the trail Volta à Caldeira - Furna do Enxofre. From the cave of Maria Encantada one can worthily observe the entire interior of the Caldeira da Graciosa. GPS: 39º01’46,78”N ; 27º58’50,60”W

Located on the road that surrounds the Caldeira of Graciosa, this viewpoint is part of the trail Volta à Caldeira - Furna do Enxofre. It offers a privileged view over the village of Luz and the volcanic massif formed by the mountain ranges and Dormida and Branca, with special highlight to Pico Timão and the coastal escarpment of Ponta Branca. It is also possible to see the islands of São Jorge and Faial and Pico Mountain. GPS: 39º01’37,34”N ; 27º58’56,50”W

Graciosa Natural Park

Interior of the Caldeira of Graciosa //©PauloHSilva/siaram

VIEWPOINT OF THE CALDEIRA TRAIL

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TERCEIRA Natural PArk


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Terceira Natural Park

//ŠPauloHSilva/siaram


eruptive styles, Terceira is distinguished from the other islands by the remarkable variety of its volcanic structures, particularly

Canary (Serinus canaria) //©WMedeiros

With a very complex eruptive history, presenting a wide range of

Algar do Carvão //©PauloHSilva/siaram

the abundance of trachytic nature lavas. The island has 7 geosites of marked geodiversity: Algar do Carvão; Caldeira de Guilherme Moniz; Caldeira da Serra de Santa Bárbara and Mistérios Negros; Furnas do Enxofre; Monte Brasil; Pico Alto; Biscoito Rachado and Biscoito da Ferraria; Ponta da Serreta and trachytic lava flows. Terceira presents, with the Pico island, the biggest area of natural vegetation with little or no human intervention, for example Reserve of Terceira Natural Park. 674 vascular plants are designated for the island of Terceira, 58 of which are endemic to the Azores. The diversity of bryophytes is extremely high, being the first island as to the number of known species in the Azores, 363, 5 of which are endemic. With regard to the arthropods, we can highlight two species of Ground Beetles, Trechus terrabravensis and Cedrorum azoricus, that occupy exclusively well preserved sites of the Terceira’s natural forest.

Caldeira Guilherme Moniz //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Caldeira da Serra de Santa Bárbara, classified as Strict Nature

Among the land birds that live and nest annually in the Azores, Terceira hosts a number of endemic species and subspecies Buzzard (Buteo buteo rothschildi), the Common Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus azorica) and many passerines, such as the Goldcrest (Regulus regulus), the Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea patriciae), the Common Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs moreletti), the Blackbird (Turdus merula azorensis), the Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris granti), the Blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla gularis , sin . S. a. atlantis) and the Canary (Serinus canaria). The coastline of the island and adjacent islets are important habitats for some of the most significant sea birds in Europe, which each year land in the Azores to nest or rest. Among these, the Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis), the

Azorean Nursery-web Spider (Pisaura acoreensis) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

with high ecological and social interest, such as the Common

Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) and the Roseate Tern (Sterna

Landscape //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Landscapes //©PauloHSilva/siaram

dougallii), are regularly seen Terceira.


ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRES SERRA DE SANTA BÁRBARA INTERPRETATION CENTRE The Serra de Santa Bárbara Interpretation Centre (CISSB) is integrated in the network of environmental centres of the Azores Natural Parks. It is part of Terceira Natural Park, having been built with the aim of supporting the visits. It includes an exhibition on Terceira Natural Park and a shop with products related to the environmental topic.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may tue to fri: 10h00 - 17h00 sat: 14h00 - 17h30 closed: sun | mon | holidays1 | Mardi Gras | 24 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00

GUIDED TOURS

01 oct to 31 may: tue to fri: 11h00 | 13h00 | 15h00 sat: 15h00 01 jun to 30 sep: 11h00 | 13h00 | 15h00 | 17h00 Visit duration: 30 to 60 minutes Maximum number of people per visit: 10

LOCATION

Regional Road ER5, 2.ª (“Estrada das Doze”) 9700 Santa Bárbara GPS: 38°42’45,24”N ; 27°19’32,03”W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 295 403 800 / 924 403 957 - Email: pnterceira.cisantabarbara@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Full Ticket: 2, 50€ Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 4€

DISCOUNTS

Children (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13-17 years old): 1,25€ Senior (+ 65 years old): 1,25€ Youth Card; InterJovem Card; Student Card; Partnership Card: 2€

Terceira Natural Park

HOW TO GET THERE

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The Serra de Santa Bárbara Interpretation Centre is located in the centre of the island, 16km from Angra do Heroismo and about 3,5km from Santa Barbara, at the base of the southern slope of Serra de Santa Bárbara, on the regional road ER5, 2ª (“Estrada das Doze”). On this road, near the ascent to the mountain you will find signs indicating the Centre. 1

Open during the following holidays: Good Friday, 25 April and 1 May > 14h00 - 17h30, except if these days are Sundays or Mondays


The Park’s Shop is installed in the Historic Center of the city of Angra do Heroísmo, constituting a privileged point for obtaining information on the Azores Natural Parks, and more specifically on the Terceira Natural Park and its valuable heritage. Besides being a selling point where visitors can purchase some products related to the environmental theme and tickets to visit the Serra de Santa Bárbara Interpretation Centre, this space also intends to be a dissemination of knowledge and tourism promotion. The Shop is provided with a multipurpose multimedia space where is possible to watch some documentaries and also to support educational activities in the environmental awareness area.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may mon to fri: 10h00 - 17h00 sat: 09h30 - 13h00 closed: sun | holidays1 | Mardi Gras | 24 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00

LOCATION

Rua do Galo, nº 112 9700-091 Angra do Heroísmo GPS: 38°39’21,42”N ; 27°12’57,85”W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 295 403 800 - Email: pnterceira.lojadoparque@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Free Entrance

HOW TO GET THERE

Go to the center of Angra do Heroísmo city and proceed to the Praça Velha (square). Facing the City Hall, take the right going up the Rua do Galo (street) until you find the Park’s Shop on the left. 1

Open during the following holidays: 25 April and 1 May > 09h30 - 13h00, except if these days are Sundays

Terceira Natural Park

CISSB Images //©PauloHSilva/siaram

ANGRA DO HEROÍSMO PARK’S SHOP

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Sphagnum //©PauloHSilva/siaram

CIRCUITS

VISITATION CIRCUIT OF FURNAS DO ENXOFRE The visitation circuit of Furnas do Enxofre was designed to secure the visitation of this natural monument, allowing on one hand, safe access to all visitors, and on the other, protection of the habitats through the use of rustic material, integrated into the landscape. The circuit through the fumaroles and northern slope zone was adapted to existing paths and complemented with facilitated access. A set of informational panels support the interpretation of natural elements present.

Extension 570m Level of difficulty Easy Duration 40min GPS Starting point: 38°43’44,81”N ; 27°13’50,78”W Finishing point: 38°43’44,81”N ; 27°13’50,78”W How to get there The Visitation Circuit of Furnas do Enxofre is located roughly in the middle of the island, north of Angra do Heroísmo, at 12km by road.

Terceira Natural Park

Recommended equipment

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Sphagnum //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Furnas do Enxofre //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Visitation Circuit of Furnas do Enxofre//©FCorreia


Lagoinha //©PauloHSilva/siaram

WALKING TRAILS

SERRETA

LAGOÍNHA

[PRC3TER]

This trail crosses the Habitat / Species Management Area of Planalto Central and Costa Noroeste and the Nature Reserve of Serra de Santa Bárbara and Mistérios Negros. Along the way, you can see a very varied vegetation, including specimens of endemic flora such as Heather (Erica azorica), Picconia azorica and Azorean Candleberry Tree (Morella faya), but also some Victorian Laurel (Pittosporum undulatum) and Australian Blackwood (Acacia sp.). At approximately half the way, you reach Lagoínha, a small lake surrounded by a grove of Japanese Cedars (Cryptomeria japónica). At the end of the trail, there is Ribeira do Além, located in an embedded and deep valley, with its embankments filled by natural vegetation.

Extension 7km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 2h30 Max. Alt. 784m | Min. Alt. 203m GPS Starting point: 38°45’23,35”N ; 27°21’19,90”W Finishing point: 38°45’23,35”N ; 27°21’19,90”W How to get there Access by Canada da Fonte from the Regional Road ER1, 1.ª, district of Serreta, and starting point at farming paved path along the trail’s identification sign. About 21km by road from the center of Angra do Heroísmo.

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//©PauloHSilva/siaram

Terceira Natural Park

Recommended equipment


//©PauloHSilva/siaram

//©PauloHSilva/siaram

[PRC1TER]

Integrated in the Nature Reserve of Serra de Santa Bárbara and Mistérios Negros, this trail starts and ends at Gruta do Natal, near Lagoa do Negro. Along the way you can observe diverse endemic flora, such as Juniper (Juniperus brevifolia), Azorean Blueberry (Vaccinium cylindraceum), Laurel (Laurus sp.), Laurustinus (Viburnum tinus), Holly (Ilex perado azorica), among others. Another highlight is Mistérios Negros, that give the name to this path and consisting of trachytic domes formed by accumulations of recent lava flows that are not yet fully covered with vegetation. Near the end of the trail, to the right, is Pico Gaspar. Follow up to have a view over this rich in endemic flora.

Extension 5km Level of difficulty Difficult Duration 2h30 Max. Alt. 649m | Min. Alt. 516m GPS Starting point: 38°44’14,10”N ; 27°16’9,72”W Finishing point: 38°44’14,10”N ; 27°16’9,72”W How to get there The trail is located along Lagoa do Negro and Gruta do Natal. Access through the Regional Road ER3, 1. ª, to the crossroad with the Forest Road 24, which you should follow. Approximately 12km by road from the center of Angra do Heroísmo.

Terceira Natural Park

Recommended equipment

Lagoa do Negro //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Picconia azorica //©PauloHSilva/siaram

//©PauloHSilva/siaram

MISTÉRIOS NEGROS

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Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

BAÍAS DA AGUALVA

[PR2TER]

RELHEIRAS DE SÃO BRÁS [PRC8TER]

The trail is partially inserted into the Habitat / Species Management Area of Biscoito das Fontinhas. It starts and ends in the picnic area of São Brás. Following the designated path, notice the basalt marked by ox-carts, which transported firewood to supply the population in the past. The main reason for the classification of this trail as a Protected Area is the presence of a forest area located in the oldest volcanic complex of the island, with a large number of endemic species of arthropod, such as Ironclad Beetle (Tarphius azoricus) and the Tree Lacehopper (Cixius azoterceirae). Along the way, you can see some of the species of Azorean endemic and native flora, such as Heather (Erica azorica), Laurel (Laurus azorica) or Azorean Candleberry Tree (Morella faya).

Ironclad Beetle (Tarphius azoricus) //©PauloAVBorges

Integrated in the Habitat / Species Management Area of Costa das Quatro Ribeiras, this trail follows the northern coast of Terceira, between Agualva and Quatro Ribeiras, beginning in Canada da Alagoa, along the Regional Road. Along the way do not miss Alagoa of Fajãzinha, which is one of the best examples of a filling fajã in the Azores. The trails also passes through Macaronesian coastal scrubland, where you can see rare specimens of low altitude such as Juniper (Juniperus brevifolia). At the top of the cliff, a stone viewpoint offers a panorama over Alagoa da Fajãzinha and Ponta da Alagoa. Along the bays, large cliffs are visible, presenting areas of basaltic prismatic disjunction phenomena. In the summer, it is possible to spot Common Terns (Sterna hirundo) and throughout the year, Rock Doves (Columba livia) and Common Wood Pigeons (Columba palumbus azorica).

Extension 4km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 2h Max. Alt. 124m | Min. Alt. 0m GPS Starting point: Canada da Alagoa (38°47’11,75”N ; 27°11’29,15”W) Finishing point: Canada dos Baleeiros (38°47’30,34”N ; 27°12’12,77”W)

Relheiras //©HerbertoAlves

How to get there Starting point at Canada da Alagoa (district of Agualva) at the junction with the regional road ER1, 1. ª. It follows along the northern coast of the island of Terceira, between Agualva and Quatro Ribeiras. About 24 km, by road, from the center of Angra do Heroísmo.

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Juniper (Juniperus brevifolia) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Terceira Natural Park

Recommended equipment

Extension 5km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 2h Max. Alt. 276m | Min. Alt. 190m GPS Starting point: Picnic Area of São Brás (38°44’47,98”N ; 27°7’49,29”W) Finishing point: Picnic Area of São Brás (38°44’47,98”N ; 27°7’49,29”W) How to get there Starting point at the picnic area of São Brás (district of São Brás). About 17km by road from the center of Angra do Heroísmo. Recommended equipment


VINHAS DOS BISCOITOS ROCHA DO CHAMBRE This trail is mostly inserted in the Habitat/Species Management Protected Area of Planalto Central and Costa Noroeste, and makes an incursion into the Nature Reserve of Biscoito da Ferraria e do Pico Alto. Along the trail are different environments where you will the opportunity to contemplate the impressive landscape of the Nature Reserve from the topo of Rocha do Chambre. The trail begins and ends in a dirt path on the Malha Grande zone, at the intersection with the Regional Road 3-1, on the descent that takes us to the center of Biscoitos parish. It follows by a section flanked by copies of native flora, such as juniper (Juniperus brevifolia), tree heath (Erica azorica) and cape myrtle (Myrsine africana). Further you will find a fork road, you should follow the left. Reaching a T-junction, take a right, walking in a forest of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica), following a torrential watercourse where some birds can appear such as the Azores blackbird (Turdus merula azorensis), the golscrest (Regulus regulus inermis) and the common chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs moreletti).

Extension 9,3km Level of difficulty Média Duration 2h30 Max Alt 704m | Min Alt 485m GPS Starting point: Malha Grande - Biscoitos (38°44’54,61”N ; 27°15’47,56”O) Finishing point: Malha Grande - Biscoitos (38°44’54,61”N ; 27°15’47,56”O) How to get there The trail begins in dirt path in Malha Grande zone, at the intersection with the Regional Road 3-1, on the descent that leads to the center of Biscoitos parish. It is located about 13km by road from the center of Angra do Heroísmo. Recommended equipment

This trail crosses the Protected Landscape of Vinhas dos Biscoitos. Starts and ends at the intersection of the Regional Road No. 1-1 with Rua Longa, district of Biscoitos. Verdelho wine is produced in this area since the sixteenth century, a wine with singular and exclusive characteristics resulting from the adaptation of the vine to rough conditions, including wet climate, proximity to the sea and rocky basalt soil. The need to adapt to these conditions resulted in a very characteristic landscape where vineyards, with which the trail allows direct contact, predominate. It is possible to visit three wineries, each with a different production processes. The rich history of Biscoitos also left other marks on the landscape, which can be observed in areas surrounding vineyards. Examples of these marks are: the turrets, Forte do Porto (St. Peter), Forte da Rua Longa and Baía do Rolo, the Bullring and traces of whaling activity.

Extension 7,5km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 2h Max Alt 276m | Min Alt 190m GPS Starting point: Intersection of the Regional Road (38°47’45,12”N ; 27°14’49,30”W) Finishing point: Intersection of the Regional Road (38°47’45,12”N ; 27°14’49,30”W) How to get there The trail begins at the fountain and public washing, at the intersection of Regional Road No. 1-1th with Rua Longa (distict of Biscoitos). About 19km by road from the center of Angra do Heroísmo. Recommended equipment


Wild cattle //©PauloHSilva/siaram

POINTS OF INTEREST PONTA DAS CONTENDAS

Terceira Natural Park

PLANALTO CENTRAL

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In the district of Porto Santo, on the Regional Road no. 3-1, in the zone called Três Cantos, is located the Habitat / Species Management Area of the Planalto Central and Costa Noroeste. With nearly 3 933ha, this area has a great diversity of ecosystems, habitats and species of interest for nature conservation, extending from sea level in the west to the central area of the island. In the central plateau, one can see a humanized landscape with agricultural and farmed wild cattle activities, alternating with wetlands. GPS: 38°43’6,79”N ; 27°14’54,18”W

CALDEIRA GUILHERME MONIZ

Caldeira Guilherme Moniz //©PauloHSilva/siaram

On Regional Road no. 5-2 between the districts of Porto Judeu and Posto Santo, one can observe the Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources of Caldeira de Guilherme Moniz. With 1216ha and an altitude between 300m and 650m, this Protected Area incorporates a large collapse caldera with 15km perimeter. You can appreciate the coexistence of the natural landscape, characterized by the presence of rocky outcrops from the natural woods and wetlands, with a humanized landscape, where wild cattle, such as Touro de Lide, finds its highest expression. GPS: 38°42’51,20”N ; 27°12’48,74”W

TERRA BRAVA The Nature Reserve of Terra Brava and Criação das Lagoas is located in the forest path in Algar do Carvão - Agualva, at the junction with access to Lagoínhas do Pico do Boi. This is an area of chaotic relief, with limited human action, where natural plant communities grow in almost pure state. Birds are also easily observable. GPS: 38°44’16,85”N ; 27°11’54,12”W

Nature Reserve of Terra Brava //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Landscape of Ponta das Contendas (detail) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

In the district of São Sebastião, from Municipal Road 509, you can contemplate the well-known Baía da Mina or Baía das Mós, flanked by Ponta das Contendas. The islets harbor one of the largest colonies of Roseate Terns (Sterna dougallii) in the Azores, a threatened European migratory seabird. Habitat / Species Management Area of Ponta das Contendas also offers a number of specimens of Azorean and Macaronesian endemic flora. GPS: 38°38’52,54”N ; 27°4’46,03”W


PICO ALTO

Landscape of Pico Alto (detail) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

From the forest path of Algar do Carvão (CF31) - Agualva, you can contemplate Pico Alto, with an altitude of 808m, inserted in the Nature Reserve of Biscoito da Ferraria and Pico Alto. The natural flora communities occupy large areas of the Reserve and are mostly endemic to the Azores, where forests, peatlands and shrublands dominate the landscape. The faunal species observed are most often birds, among which endemic subspecies, such as the Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo rothschildi). GPS: 38°44’57,42”N ; 27°12’6,16”W

COSTA DAS QUATRO RIBEIRAS

Landscape //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Coast of Quatro Ribeiras //©PauloHSilva/siaram

From the parking lot of the bathing area of the district of Quatro Ribeiras, inserted in the Habitat / Species Management Area of Costa das Quatro Ribeiras one can observe the coast which is a great representative of the complexity of the Azorean coastline, with several protected natural habitats associated with high biodiversity. GPS: 38°47’30,58”N ; 27°13’29,29”W


VINHAS DOS BISCOITOS This viewpoint overlooks the Regional Road no. 1-1st, at the junction with Rua Longa, in the district of Biscoitos. You can contemplate the exuberant traditional landscape of Vinhas dos Biscoitos distinguished by its high scenic, cultural and productive value. This coastal area with partitioned by vineyards consists of small parcels bounded by stone walls, for the cultivation of the vine. GPS: 38°47’45,41”N ; 27°14’47,98”W

LAGOA DO NEGRO - MISTÉRIOS NEGROS

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Lagoa do Negro //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Terceira Natural Park

Along Lagoa do Negro, you can contemplate the trachytic domes, dome shaped, resulting from the historical eruption of 1761. These domes, called Mistérios Negros, host still incipient vegetation denoting their extreme youth. For this small lake are referenced about 150 species of birds. You can still choose to walk the trail Mistérios Negros and / or visit Gruta do Natal, also inserted in the Nature Reserve of Santa Bárbara and Mistérios Negros. GPS: 38°44’17,22”N ; 27°16’4,56”W


Serra de Santa Bárbara //©PauloHSilva/siaram

From the top of Serra de Santa Bárbara, surrounded by the Nature Reserve, you can contemplate a fair part of Terceira Natural Park, as well as the pristine natural landscape of Azorean forest-clouds, one of the rarest and most valuable plant formations, dominated by Azorean endemic Junipers (Juniperus brevifolia). This Nature Reserve occupies 1 863,40 ha of the massif of Serra de Santa Bárbara and integrates the highest point of the island, situated at an altitude of 1 021m. You can also see a good part of the island, as well as other islands of the central group. GPS: 38°43’49,21”N ; 27°19’22,43”W

PONTA DA SERRETA

Terceira Natural Park

Located on the westernmost zone of the island, in the surroundings of the Serreta lighthouse in the Habitat / Species Management Area of Planalto Central and Costa Noroeste, is located Ponta da Serreta with 600m long and 400m wide. Here you can view the process of colonization of lava fields through coastal populations of Heather (Erica azorica). The most abundant marine birds in the Azores, the Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis) finds in these cliffs the ideal reproduction spot. You can contemplate the ocean and admire the Graciosa island. GPS: 38°46’1,35”N ; 27°22’28,54”W

Ponta da Serreta //©HerbertoAlves

Vineyard landscape //©PauloHSilva/siaram

SERRA DE SANTA BÁRBARA

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SĂŁo Miguel Natural Park


Angelica lignescens //©PauloHSilva/siaram

The formation of São Miguel island, as we know it today, was a phased process that began nearly 4 million years ago, with the emergence of the volcanic complex of Nordeste, and ended with the formation of the fissure volcanic system of Picos, approximately 50 thousand years ago. As a consequence of their explosive volcanic nature, the various morphological units that form the island, translated into a mountainous relief of stratovolcanoes with large calderas, such as Fogo, Sete Cidades, Furnas and Povoação. The only exception is the morphological unit located between Sete Cidades and Serra de Água de Pau, known as Região dos Picos, whose basaltic lava flows originated a territory of low relief. The interaction of different types of volcanism and erosion, which continue to shape the island to this day, resulted in places of high geological interest, characterized by their scientific, educational and touristic value, with emphasis on the calderas

Lagoa rasa //©PauloHSilva/siaram

of Fogo volcano, Furnas volcano, Sete Cidades volcano, Caldeira Velha, Gruta do Carvão and the islet of Vila Franca do Campo. The volcanic origin of the Archipelago, remote location, relative youth and strong influence of the Gulf Strem, give this place the conditions for an unique biodiversity and an interesting model for study of biogeography, ecology and evolution. In Azores, São Miguel island is the richest in biodiversity, where is possible to find most of th 6 164 taxa (species and subspecies) that are in nature. Among the uncommon species, the Azores Bullfinch (Pyrrhula murina) deserves special highlight, being one of the rarest passerine birds in Europe, with a geographical distribution currently limited

to the municipalities of the Nordeste and

Povoação, and the Thalassophilus azoricus, an arthropod found

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Landscape //©PauloHSilva/siaram

São Miguel Natural Park

only in Gruta da Água de Pau.


Caldeira Velha //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Muro das Nove Janelas //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Terra Nostra Park //©PauloHSilva/siaram


ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRES FURNAS MONITORING AND RESEARCH CENTRE The Furnas Monitoring and Research Centre (CMIF) was created with the purpose of disseminating the history and evolution of the Furnas Volcano and the intervention of the Landscape Laboratory in the protection and recovery of ecosystems in the protected landscape area. It won the “Premio Internazionale di Pietra Architetture 2011 XII edizione” award and it was finalist of SECIL Prize in 2013. It was the cover of the Spanish publication “El Croquis” and prominent target in some architectural websites. In 2016, won the “Tour Operator of the Year for São Miguel” in the “Holiday & Tour Specialist Awards” category of the Luxury Guide Awards. CMIF functions as an observatory and integrated centre for knowledge dissemination, playing an important role in the translation of scientific information to a language able of captivating visitors for a better understanding of the particularities of local geodiversity, biodiversity, hydrology and culture. It includes an auditorium for workshops and seminars and a large covered area used for exhibitions that, through interactive mechanisms, tools, multimedia platforms and guided visits, allows visitors to discover the history of the Furnas Volcano, the lagoon ecosystem and the Landscape Laboratory. In addition, there are adjacent outdoor areas, including picnic and contemplation areas and a large green space with a privileged view over the lagoon, where visitors can enjoy the scenery and perform leisure activities.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may

tue to sun | holidays: 10h00 - 17h00 closed: mon | 1 jan | Mardi Gras | Easter sun | 24, 25 e 31 dec 01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00 The management company reserves the right to close the establishment, according to the weather conditions.

GUIDED TOURS

01 oct to 31 may: 11h00 | 13h30 | 15h00 01 jun to 30 sep: 11h00 | 12h00 |14h00 | 15h00 | 16h30 Visit duration: 30 minutes Maximum number of people per visit: 25 Recomenda-se a marcação prévia

LOCATION

Rua Lagoa das Furnas (lagoon south margin) n.º 1489, 9675-090 Furnas GPS: 37º45’4,822’’N ; 25º20’15,806’’W

CONTACTS

Tlf: (+351) 296 584 436 - Email: pnsmiguel.cmif@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Centre Ticket (Furnas Research and Monitoring Centre): 3€ Garden Ticket (José do Canto Garden): 3€ Combined Ticket (Furnas Research and Monitoring Centre + José do Canto Garden)1: 4,50€ Centre Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 5€ Combined Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old)1: 7€

DISCOUNTS

Children (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13 to 17 years old): 1,50€ Senior (> 65 years old): 1,50€ Youth, Interjovem and Student cardholders: Free Children up to 12 years old need adult supervision.

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//©Ana Vasconcelos

São Miguel Natural Park

HOW TO GET THERE

Arriving at Lagoa das Furnas, in Povoação county, stop at the parking lot near the south edge next to the Regional Road. Walk about 10 minutes on the traditional cobblestone path, with the lagoon on your right, and pass by the chapel, the old houses and the garden, until you find a slight detour to the right where you will find the Centre. 1

Any other type of discounts, campaigns or promotions are not applied.


PINEAPPLE CULTURE INTERPRETATION CENTRE The Pineapple Culture Interpretation Centre (CICA), located in the heart of Fajã de Baixo parish - considered the “Azores pineapple capital “ – come from the need to establish the memory of the pineapple culture activity, as well as the promotion of the touristic use of its unique characteristics, allowing the visitation of its permanent exhibition and plantations. It is a place that tells the story of the pineapple culture in an interesting way and promotes the local values and traditions. In the exhibition space the visitors can “travel” through the history of the pineapple, and learn about the facts and technical evolution that allowed the creation of the “world’s best pineapple”. There is available information about the knowledge of the pineapple’s productive cycle, the business environment that characterized its economy, the historical figures, the gastronomy, among others. SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may tue to sat: 10h00 - 17h00 closed: sun | mon | holidays1 | Mardi Gras | 24 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00 The management company reserves the right to close the establishment, according to the weather conditions.

GUIDED TOURS By appointment.

Visit duration: 30 minutes Maximum number of people per visit: 10

LOCATION

Rua Direita 124, Fajã de Baixo, 9500-448 Ponta Delgada GPS: 37º45’27,152’’N ; 25º38’56,91’’W

CONTACTS

Tlf: (+351) 296 383 026 - Email: pnsmiguel.centroananas@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Full Ticket: 2,50€ Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 4€

Pineapple Culture Interpretation Centre //©Ana Laura Vasconcelos

DISCOUNTS

Child (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13 to 17 years old): 1,25€ Senior (> 65 years old): 1,25€ Youth, Interjovem and Student cardholders: Free Children up to 12 years old need adult supervision.

HOW TO GET THERE

Leaving from Portas do Mar, in the city of Ponta Delgada, with the marine on your left, head north to Rua de São Pedro (street) and turn right at the Rua dos Clérigos. Continue straight through Rua Doutor José Bruno Tavares Carreiro and Rua Eng.º José Cordeiro (previously known as Calheta). Here turn left towards Av. D. João III (avenue) and then turn right towards Rua das Laranjeiras. At the roundabout, take the first exit and turn left towards Rua Direita da Fajã. At the end of this street is the Pineapple Culture Interpretation Centre, opposite the Church of Nossa Senhora dos Anjos.

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Open during the holidays: Good Friday, 25 April and 1 May > 10h00 - 17h00, except if these days are Sundays or Mondays.


LAGOA DAS SETE CIDADES PARK’S SHOP

Interior da Loja do Parque //©PauloHSilva/siaram

The Park’s Shop is a focal point for the promotion of São Miguel Natural Park, in particular for the Lagoa das Sete Cidades (lagoon), classified as one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Portugal. You can get several information about the Natural Park’s protected areas, including walking trails, geology, flora, fauna, water resources, classified heritage, among others. Inserted in the redevelopment project of the margins of the Lagoa das Sete Cidades, this visitor support house aims to be both a space of knowledge and a tourism promoter, as well as site to the interpretation of the surrounding area, and performance of educational activities within the Natural Park education service.

SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 january to 31 december every day: 9h00 - 16h00 closed: 1 jan | Mardi Gras | Easter sun | 24, 25 and 31 dec

LOCATION

Street along the margin of the lake of Sete Cidades, Module No. 5 9500-204 Sete Cidades - Ponta Delgada GPS: 37º51’46,40’’N ; 25º47’32,20’’W

CONTACTS

Tlf: 296 249 016 - Email: pnsmiguel.setecidades@azores.gov.pt

PRECES

São Miguel Natural Park

Free Entrance

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HOW TO GET THERE

Arriving at Sete Cidades parish from the south side of the island, continue along the Ponte dos Rêgos and follow the main road for about 1 km. At this point you will find signs indicating the location of Park’s Shop (previous Parks’s House), situated on the margin of the lagoon. 


SUPPORT HOUSE

São Miguel Wild Birds Rehabilitation Centre (CERAS), integrates the Azores Wild Birds Rehabilitation Centres Network, which includes two more Centres, one in Corvo and the other in Pico Island. CERAS is directly linked to nature conservation, through the rescue and rehabilitation of wounded and debilitated wild birds, and returning them to their natural habitat. The Centre also contributes to the environmental awareness, involving the community, and focusing on the promotion of the work done as well as the information about resident and migratory wild birds of the archipelago and its importance to the ecosystems balance. Another of the Centre’s goals is participating in the study of the Azores birds’ population, collaborating on scientific investigation projects, by the registration of biometric data and by collecting biologic material.

Paínho-de-Monteiro (Hydrobates monteiroi) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Vista para a Loja do Parque da Lagoa das Sete Cidades //©PauloHSilva/siaram

SÃO MIGUEL WILD BIRDS REHABILITATION CENTRE (CERAS)

GPS: 37º44’57,857’’N ; 25º39’52,672’’W

CONTACTS

Tlf: (+351) 296 654 173 - Email: parque.natural.smiguel@azores.gov.pt

HOW TO GET THERE

Leaving from São Gonçalo roundabout, exit to the São Gonçalo street (west side) and proceed ahead. After passing the Universidade dos Açores (University of the Azores - on the opposite side of the road), enter, on your right, into the Serviços de Desenvolvimento Agrário de São Miguel (São Miguel Agriculture Development Services), inside Quinta de São Gonçalo and go forward about 150 m, where you will find the Centre on your right.

São Miguel Natural Park

Vista da Lagoa das Sete Cidades //©PauloHSilva/siaram

LOCATION

Quinta de São Gonçalo 9500-343 Ponta Delgada

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WALKING TRAILS VISTA DO REI

SETE CIDADES

[PR3SMI]

One of the best ways to enjoy the São from the coast to the summit of the that color the landscape.

The trail starts at the Vista do Rei viewpoint, named in honor of King Don Carlos and Queen Dona Amália, that visited this site on July 6, 1901, and ends in the urban zone of the district of Sete Cidades. Along the way, you can admire the magnificente caldera of Sete Cidades, with special highlight to the lakes Verde and Azul, as well as calderas Seca and Alferes.

Extension 6km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 2h Max. Alt. 560m | Min. Alt. 265m GPS Starting point: Vista do Rei Viewpoint (37°50’22,57”N ; 25°47’45,67”W) Finishing point: Cerrado da Ladeira (37°51’58,03”N ; 25°47’40,32”W) How to get there Take the Regional Road towards Feteiras. Take the detour to Sete Cidades and continue until you find the Vista do Rei viewpoint where you can park your car.

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Saint-John’s Wort (Hypericum foliosum) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

São Miguel Natural Park

Recommended equipment


Sete Cidades //©PauloGarcia

o Miguel Natural Park is on foot, covering a variety of walking trails, e great volcanoes where you can often contemplate the many lakes

SETE CIDADES [PR4SMI]

This trail begins near the “Muro das Nove Janelas”, a stone aqueduct formerly intended for the supply of water from the public standpipes of Ponta Delgada. Along this path you can see wide panoramic views of the north and south coasts of São Miguel and the caves of Sete Cidades and Santiago. You can observe, along the trail, several species of endemic flora, such as Holly (Ilex spp pected. Azorica), Heather (Erica azorica), Angelica lignescens, Saint-John’s Wort (Hypericum foliosum) and Leontodon Filii.

Extension 11km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 3h Max. Alt. 800m | Min. Alt. 265m GPS Starting point: Near to “Muro das Nove Janelas” (37°50’03,44”N ; 25°45’08,09”W) Finishing point: Cerrado da Ladeira (37°51’58,03”N ; 25°47’40,32”W) How to get there Take the Regional Road towards Feteiras. Take the detour to Sete Cidades. Pass by Lagoa do Carvão, which is visible from the road, and immediately take the entrance that gives access to Lagoa das Empadadas. Continue until you find the old stone aqueduct called the “Muro das Nove Janelas”. Find a small square where you can park your car. Recommended equipment

São Miguel Natural Park

MATA DO CANÁRIO

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SERRA DEVASSA

This trail begins and ends near the Forest Park of Mata do Canário. It crosses the entire mountain area southwest of the caldera of Sete Cidades, known as Serra Devassa, where it is possible to observe a fair number of lakes, such as Lagoa das Éguas Norte, Lagoa das Éguas Sul and Lagoa Rasa.

Lactuca watsoniana //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Near Lagoa do Canário, you can observe serveral endemic species such as the Saint-John’s Wort (Hypericum foliosum), Lactuca watsoniana, Leontodon filii and Angelica lignescens.

Lagoa Rasa //©PauloHSilva/siaram

[PRC5SMI]

São Miguel Natural Park

GPS Starting point: Next to the Forest Park of Mata do Canário (37°50’5,04”N ; 25°45’30,85”W) Finishing point: Next to the Forest Park of Mata do Canário (37°50’5,04”N ; 25°45’30,85”W)

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How to get there Take the Regional Road, pass through Relva and follow the deviation towards Sete Cidades. Continue until you find the sign indicating Lagoa do Canário. Find the small square where you can park your car. Recommended equipment

Lagoa das Éguas Norte //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Extension 4,2km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 2h Max. Alt. 864m | Min. Alt. 765m


LAGOA DO FOGO [PRC2SMI]

This trail begins at Lugar da Praia, follows a dirt road, and ends on the shores of Lagoa do Fogo when you arrive to a water tank, follow the road at the right through a forest area. Along the trail there are the ruins of an old Phormium tenax mill, plant whose leaves were used both in cordage and in the manufacture of woven fabric, and an area with several structures for water abstraction. You can also enjoy wide panoramic views of Água d’Alto, Vila Franca and its islet.

Extension 12km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 4h Max. Alt. 581m | Min. Alt. 201m GPS Starting point: Lugar da Praia (37°50’03,44”N ; 25°45’08,09”W) Finishing point: Shore of Lagoa do Fogo (37°45’38,34”N ; 25°28’50,87”W) How to get there Take the Regional Road, passing by the beach of Água d’Alto and find a car park. You can leave your car here or park it at the beginning of the trail, by the cement path. Recommended equipment

Lagoa do Fogo //©PauloHSilva/siaram

PRAIA


Nest of Cory’s Shearwater //©PauloHSilva/siaram

VILA FRANCA DO CAMPO

[PR32SMI]

This trail begins near Monte Escuro, a cinder cone of 890m altitude, and ends in the center of Vila Franca do Campo. During the walk you can enjoy one of the most beautiful views over Lagoa do Fogo and Vila Franca do Campo. In regards to the built heritage, you will pass by the Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Paz, built on the XVI century in honor of Virgin Mary.

Extension 4,8km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 2h30 Max. Alt. 563m | Min. Alt. 395m

São Miguel Natural Park

GPS Starting point: Monte Escuro (37°47’05,92”N ; 25°26’21,03”W) Finishing point: Praça da República of Vila Franca do Campo (37°42’54,00”N ; 25°26’09,12”W)

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How to get there After passing Vila Franca do Campo follow the Regional Road until you find the sign indicating Lagoa do Congro. Continue until you reach the turnoff to the Monte Escuro. Follow this road and find the trail sign, where you can park your car. Recommended equipment

Uva-da-serra (Vaccinium cylindraceum) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Ilhéu de Vila Franca do Campo //©PauloHSilva/siaram

MONTE ESCURO


PICO DO FERRO CALDEIRA DA [PR22SMI] LAGOA DAS FURNAS

Laurustinus (Viburnum treleasei) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Caldeira da Lagoa das Furnas //©PauloHSilva/siaram

The trail starts at the viewpoint of Pico do Ferro and ends on the banks of Lagoa das Furnas. This track offers the possibility of getting in touch with a number of typical elements of the Azorean native biodiversity. Notice the fumarolic field on the banks of the Lagoa das Furnas, one of the most important manifestations of secondary volcanism in the Azores.

GPS Starting point: Miradouro do Pico do Ferro (37°46’18,44”N ; 25°20’02,99”W) Finishing point: Banks of Lagoa das Furnas (37°46’04,09”N ; 25°19’54,26”W) How to get there Arriving at Achada das Furnas, follow the road until you find the sign that indicates the Pico do Ferro viewpoint, where you can park your car. Recommended equipment

São Miguel Natural Park

Vista do Trlho Monte Escuro - Vila Franca do Campo //©PauloGarcia

Extension 2km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 45min Max. Alt. 509m | Min. Alt. 280m

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[PRC6SMI]

Furnas //©PauloGarcia

Azorean Holly (Ilex azorica) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

//©PauloHSilva/siaram

The trail begins and ends near the Terra Nostra Park, the most important Botanical Park of São Miguel and one of the biggest of Azores, dating back to the XVIII century. Along this trail, that skirts Lagoa das Furnas, besides the beauty of the lake itself, you can admire the area of calderas and the Chapel of Nossa Senhora das Vitórias, mausoleum for the couple José do Canto and Maria Guilhermina do Canto. The shores of the lake, often serve as resting place for migratory birds, including the Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) and the Common Tern (Sterna hirundo). The trail continues through the Regional Road until the entrance to Lagoa Seca. There you can see Pico do Gaspar, a trachytic dome formed in the historical eruption of 1444 and several volcanic deposits.

Azorean Wild Carrot (Daucus carota) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

FURNAS

Extension 9,2km Level of difficulty Easy Duration 2h50 Max. Alt. 373m | Min. Alt. 283m

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How to get there Arriving at Furnas Park, find the car park near Terra Nostra Park, starting point of the trail. Recommended equipment //©PauloHSilva/siaram

São Miguel Natural Park

GPS Starting point: Near Terra Nostra Park (37°46’23,45”N ; 25°18’57,89”W) Finishing point: Near Terra Nostra Park (37°46’23,45”N ; 25°18’57,89”W)


[PR7SMI]

This trail begins at the area of Bardinho, in the district of Achada and ends at Pico da Vara. Along the trail you will find a wide variety of native flora species, such as the Tolpis azorica, Juniper (Juniperus brevifolia), Ling (Calluna vulgaris) and Hard Fern (Blechnum spicant). You may also spot a rare endemic land bird of São Miguel, the Azores Bullfinch (Pyrrhula murine), unique in the Azores.

Extension 3,5km Level of difficulty Difficult Duration 5h Max. Alt. 1105m | Min. Alt. 680m GPS Starting point: Zona do Bardinho (37°48’58,01”N ; 25°13’54,23”W) Finishing point: Pico da Vara (37°48’34,31”N ; 25°12’40,13”W) How to get there To get here, we advise you to rent a car or a taxi. Reaching the Algarvia, take the round about at the exit towards Pico da Vara. Follow the dirt road until you reach a fork. The trail begins here and you can park the car on the roadside. Recommended equipment

São Miguel Natural Park

PICO DA VARA

Pico da Vara //©PauloGarcia

ALGARVIA

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POINTS OF INTEREST ILHA DE SABRINA VIEWPOINT Located on the top of the cliff, next to Pico das Camarinhas, this viewpoint offers an excellent panoramic view over the Natural Monument of Pico das Camarinhas – Ponta da Ferraria, where you will have the chance to observe several geological structures, notably a cinder cone, a lava fajã, a fossil cliff, a pseudocrater, a trachytic dome located upstream, and thermal springs. You can still spot the Thermal Spa of Ferraria, which combines the traditional concept of spa, with therapeutic and medicinal purposes, with a more modern aspect of health, through water and physiotherapy, as well as other diversified treatments and exclusive services. GPS: 37°51’28”N ; 25°51’02,56”W

CERRADO DAS FREIRAS VIEWPOINT Next to the Regional Road, this viewpoint offers an excellent panorama of the Lagoa das Sete Cidades and, in particular, on the peninsula of Lagoa Azul. GPS: 37°51’14,25’’N ; 25°46’34,56’’W

LAGOA DE SANTIAGO VIEWPOINT Located next to the Cerrado das Freiras viewpoint, this viewpoint allows you to contemplate the beauty of Lagoa de Santiago, as well as the surrounding areas, occupied primarily by plantations of Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica). Although this species is dominant, many elements of the natural vegetation can still be found, such as Azorean Candleberry Tree (Morella faya) and Laurel (Laurus azorica), among others. GPS: 37°51’5,87”N ; 25°46’38,89”W

ESCALVADO VIEWPOINT On the cliff top of the Habitats / Species Management Area of Ponta do Escalvado lies the viewpoint bearing the same name. From this site you can enjoy a magnificent view of the lava fajã of Mosteiros and the four islets, as well as the tip of Ponta da Ferraria. The small building located at the viewpoint is an old lookout, once used in whaling. GPS: 37°52’16,7”N ; 25°50’29,5”W

VISTA DO REI VIEWPOINT View from Lagoa de Santiago viewpoint //©PauloGarcia

The “King’s viewpoint”, named in honor of King Don Carlos and Queen Dona Amélia, that visited this site on July 6, 1901, is situated on the ridge of Sete Cidades, south of Lagoa Verde and offers an overview over the entire volcanic depression formed by the caldera of Sete Cidades, with special highlight to the lakes, Lagoa Verde and Lagoa Azul, located inside the crater, the district of Sete Cidades and Caldera of Alferes (a pumice cone inside which sometimes a small lake is formed by rainfall). GPS: 37°50’21,4”N ; 25°47’41,5”W

LOMBA DO VASCO VIEWPOINT

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Lomba viewpoint //©PauloGarcia

São Miguel Natural Park

From this viewpoint you can enjoy a beautiful panorama of the entire caldera of Sete Cidades and its two lakes: in the foreground, Lagoa Azul, of greater dimensions, and across the bridge of Regos, Lagoa Verde. On the western bank of Lagoa Azul, you can see the district of Sete Cidades and on the eastern bank, Península and Cerrado das Freiras. GPS: 37°52’48,6’’N ; 25°46’36,0’’W

GROTA DO INFERNO VIEWPOINT From this viewpoint, located at Mata de Recreio da Lagoa do Canário, in the vicinity of Lagoa do Canário, you can enjoy a wide panorama over three lakes: Lagoa Azul, Lagoa Rasa and Lagoa de Santiago. GPS: 37°50’32,74”N ; 25°45’38,99”W

FETEIRAS VIEWPOINT Also known as the Vigia da Baleia viewpoint (“Whale Watcher”), for in the past it served as a whaling lookout. It offers a wide view of the island’s southern coast. GPS: 37°47’18,46”N ; 25°46’17,14”W


From this site enjoy wide panoramic views over the north and south coast of the island and, in the background, the volcanic massif of Água de Pau. This viewpoint is inserted in Mata de Recreio da Lagoa das Empadadas, landscaped woods, where you will discover Lagoa das Empadadas, a lake surrounded by azaleas (Rhododendron spp.). GPS: 37°49’35,97”N ; 25°44’48,43”W

Pico do Carvão viewpoint //©PauloGarcia

View from Lagoa das Empadadas //©PauloHSilva/siaram

PICO DO PAUL VIEWPOINT

MORRO DAS CAPELAS VIEWPOINT This viewpoint offers a panorama over the entire Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources of Porto das Capelas - Ponta das Calhetas. The coastline includes many interesting geological formations, such as Morro das Capelas, a tuff cone formed during a submarine eruption, as well as drained lava flows with columnar disjunctions. GPS: 37°50’26,88”N ; 25°41’6,51”W

PEDRA NEGRA VIEWPOINT From here, envoy a panorama over a fair part of the north coast of the island and the Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources of Porto das Capelas - Ponta das Calhetas. GPS: 37°50’8,09”N ; 25°40’21,17”O

PONTA DO CINTRÃO VIEWPOINT

PICO DO CARVÃO VIEWPOINT Enjoy a wide view of the volcanic cones extending from Ponta Delgada to Ribeira Grande, with several lakes on the background. In the vicinity, you can still contemplate Pico do Boi, Pico das Éguas and Pico do Carvão. GPS: 37°49’28,15”N ; 25°44’11,50”W

SANTA IRIA VIEWPOINT This viewpoint offers a wide panorama over the north coast of São Miguel. At a distance, you will notice Ponta do Cintrão and Ponta Formosa, as well as the ruins of the old spa of Ladeira da Velha, where the thermal spring was used for therapeutic purposes. Here, the battle of Ladeira Velha was fought in 1831, during the Portuguese Civil War. GPS: 37°49’25,93’’N ; 25°27’44,59’’W

BELA VISTA VIEWPOINT Located on the northern slope of the Fogo volcano, this viewpoint offers a wide view over the island’s north coast, from Ribeira Grande to the volcanic massif of Sete Cidades, with the city of Ribeira Grande in the foreground and west, the Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources of Porto das Capelas – Ponta das Calhetas. GPS: 37°46’41,04’’N ; 25°29’44,39’’W

São Miguel Natural Park

View of Lagoa das Éguas Norte //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Contemplates a large extension of the steep coast of the Habitat / Species Management Area of Ponta do Cintrão. This is an important nesting area for the Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis) and the Little Shearwater (Puffinus assimilis), which are easily spotted and heard during summer. GPS: 37°50’35,90”N ; 25°29’24,70”W

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View from the Lagoa do Fogo viewppoint //©PauloHSilva/siaram

MONTE SANTO VIEWPOINT

LAGOA DO FOGO VIEWPOINT

At the summit of the crater of Monte Santo, two viewpoints accessible exclusively on foot, allow you to contemplate Vila de Água de Pau, a part of the Habitat / Species Management Area of Serra de Água de Pau, as well as the jagged coastline with its shallow bays. GPS: 37°43’4,29”N ; 25°30’39,16”W

CERCO VIEWPOINT Located in the lava fajã of Ponta da Galera, this viewpoint opens to the sea. Enjoy the beautiful natural pools surrounded by pebbles and observe the large colony of Roseate Terns (Sterna dougallii) and Common Terns (Sterna hirundo) that nest in this area. GPS: 37°42’29,55”N ; 25°30’38,73”W

Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Along the Regional Road several viewpoints offer various panoramas over the caldera of the Fogo volcano, and within it one lake, Lagoa do Fogo, surrounded by very steep and jagged slopes, covered with natural bush and abundant diverse endemic flora. GPS: 37°46’9,74”N ; 25°29’18,92”W

PISÃO VIEWPOINT

São Miguel Natural Park

BARROSA VIEWPOINT

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Located near Regional Road, this viewpoint offers an excellent overview of the Habitat / Species Management Area Serra de Água de Pau, as well as part of the Nature Reserve of Lagoa do Fogo and the north coast of São Miguel. GPS: 37°45’49,79”N ; 25°29’43,19”W

View from the Pisão viewpoint //©NunoLoura

View from the Barrrosa viewpoint //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Admire some of the natural habitats of the Special Area of Conservation (SAC) of Caloura – Ponta da Galera, including underwater caves of great scientific value. This viewpoint offers the wider and best view over fajã da Caloura, as well as a view over the islet of Vila Franca do Campo. GPS: 37°42’53,22”N ; 25°29’40,39”W

ALDEAMENTO VIEWPOINT In front of the village of Vila Franca do Campo, this viewpoint offers a wide panoramic view over the islet, classified as Habitat / Species Management Area, inside São Miguel Natural Park, for its geological, biological, historical-cultural and scenic values and, in particular, due to the importance in preserving the species and habitats found within it. GPS: 37°42’47,77’’N ; 25°26’30,85’’W


Located in Algarvia, this viewpoint offers you a panorama over the highest elevation of São Miguel, Pico da Vara, with its great botanical and scenic variety. From this delightful picnic area you also have an interesting view over the sea and the hillside. GPS: 37°51’12,03’’N ; 25°13’29,03’’W

TRONQUEIRA VIEWPOINT Located in the Nature Reserve of Pico da Vara, this location provides an imposing view of Serra da Tronqueira, Pico da Vara and Pico Verde. Around the viewpoint is the island’s most important area of laurel forest. GPS: 37°47’47,09’’N ; 25°11’5,24’’W

Tronqueira viewpoint //©PauloGarcia

View from the Nossa Senhora da Paz viewpoint //©NunoLoura

Located next to hermitage of Nossa Senhora da Paz, this viewpoint offers a wide panorama of Vila Franca do Campo and, in the background, of its islet, “the most beautiful of the islands” (in “Gaspar Fructuoso, Saudades da Terra”). GPS: 37°43’40,47’’N ; 25°25’53,31’’W

DESPE-TE QUE SUAS VIEWPOINT

PICO DO FERRO VIEWPOINT

View from Pico do Ferro viewpoint //©PauloGarcia

From this viewpoint, on the top of Pico do Ferro, you can admire a fair part of the Protected Landscape Area of Furnas, notably Lagoa das Furnas with its geysers and calderas, as well as the picturesque district of Furnas. GPS: 37°46’18,11’’N ; 25°20’3,27’’W

SALTO DO CAVALO VIEWPOINT

Salto do Cavalo viewpoint //©PauloGarcia

Situated on Salga, this viewpoint offers a stunning view of Vale das Furnas, and of the northern and southern coasts of the island. Around the viewpoint, notice a number of endemic species typical to the laurel forest. GPS: 37°47’14,53’’N 25°17’1,32’’W

PICO DOS BODES VIEWPOINT Admire a panoramic view of the southern slope of the Habitat / Species Management Area of Tronqueira – Planalto dos Graminhais and of the south coast of the island, notably Vila da Povoação. GPS: 37°44’50,03’’N ; 25°13’10,86’’W

PONTA DA MADRUGADA VIEWPOINT Situated in Pedreira, this viewpoint opens to a breathtaking view of Serra da Tronqueira, Graminhais. It’s a great spot to watch the sunrise, as it is situated on the east coast of the island. GPS: 37°47’23,10”N ; 25°8’46,48”W

PONTA DO SOSSEGO VIEWPOINT Located in Pedreira, this viewpoint offers a panorama over Ponta da Marquesa as well as the Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources of Costa Este. GPS: 37°47’58,94”N ; 25°8’44,11”W

VISTA DO BARCO VIEWPOINT From this viewpoint, located in Pedreira, you can spot the Ponta do Arnel lighthouse, the first to be built in the archipelago, and the fishing port of Vila do Nordeste. Also enjoy a panoramic view over the Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources of Costa Este. GPS: 37°49’10,19”N ; 25°8’22,76”W

São Miguel Natural Park

NOSSA SENHORA DA PAZ VIEWPOINT

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SAnta M


aria Natural park


Santa Maria Natural Park

Fossils //©PauloHSilva/siaram

//©PauloHSilva/siaram

128 Barreiro da Faneca //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Fossils //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Maia //©PauloHSilva/siaram


Santa Maria is marked by rare and distinct characteristics, with eight units responsible for its appearance. These volcanostratigraphic units correspond to different volcanic phases, the first being Formação dos Cabrestantes, characterized by an underwater activity, which probably began during the emergence of the island. The remaining formation periods of submarine and subaerial nature alternate with sedimentary formations corresponding to periods of volcanic lull, which

Lightouse of Maia //©PauloHSilva/siaram

presenting the oldest geological formations of the archipelago,

are associated with many marine fossil sediments. The genesis of the island allowed it to treasure various elements witnessing the formation of the archipelago. With deposits dating from the Miocene - early Pliocene - 7-5 million years - and Pleistocene – 130 000-117 000 years, it is possible to observe marine fossils such as bivalves, whelks (gastropods), sea urchins or even shark teeth, associated with alternated volcanic sediments. This paleodiversity makes the island of Santa Maria one of its kind in the Azores. Santa Maria island is home to 15 geosites: Barreiro da Faneca, Pedreira do Campo, Poço da Pedreira, Ponta do Castelo, Ribeira do Maloás, Baía da Cré, Baía de São Lourenço, Baía do Raposo, Barreiro da Malbusca, Cascata do Aveiro, Figueiral, Porto de Vila do Porto and Praia Formosa and Prainha, first five being classified as priority geosites. Santa Maria Natural Park is a fusion of natural history, traditions

//©PauloHSilva/siaram

Baía do Tagarete and Ponta do Norte, Baía dos Cabrestantes,

and customs, flavors and colors. The classified areas that compose it are characterized by so unique elements ranging from paleontology to geology, flora fauna, landscape to cultural heritage. In total, the Natural Park consists of 13 Protected Areas, assembled in 5 different categories. Of the 647 vascular plants species found on the island, 36 are endemic to the archipelago. With regards to terrestrial fauna, particularly the arthropods, among the eight species of beetles (Tharphius) endemic Azores currently known, three endemic to Santa Maria: Tarphius rufonodulosus, Tarphius pomboi and Tarphius serranoi. The latter two are restricted to the Habitat / Species Management Area of Pico Alto, one of the largest

Ilhéu da Vila //©PauloHSilva/siaram

classified areas in the Azores whose biodiversity is truly unique.


Santa Maria Natural Park

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The Dalberto Pombo Environmental Interpretation Centre (CIADP) resulted of the reconstruction of an old historic building in Vila do Porto. This Centre houses the collections of the naturalist Dalberto Pombo, true pioneer in the study of the geological and biological diversity of Santa Maria and aims to promote the natural heritage in a dynamic and interactive way, with educational and scientific approach. To know more about the marine fossils, unique in the Azores and of international importance, a new space was created in the Centre, the House of Fossils, where the visitor can observe several examples of the naturalist’s collection and of the University of the Azores’ reference collection. At the Centre, visitors have the opportunity to establish direct contact with real stuffed animals, such as butterflies and beetles of the Azores and of the world, migratory birds with stops on the island, and learn about the journey of the loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta). In the House of Fossils, there is a 3D video about the geologic formation of the island with focus on the paleontological richness importance in the international context. It also gives the opportunity to learn about some of the world prestigious investigators on the areas of geology, paleontology, biogeography and stratigraphy. This space also has an educational game where the visitors have the experience to be paleontologists.

Images of the centre //©Joana Tavares

DALBERTO POMBO ENVIRONMENTAL INTERPRETATION CENTRE // FOSSILS’ HOUSE

Images of the centre //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Images of the centre //©Joana Tavares

ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRES


SERVICES

OPENING TIMES

01 october to 31 may tue to fri: 10h00 - 17h00 sat: 14h00 - 17h30 closed: sun | mon | holidays1 | Mardi Gras | 24 and 31 dec 01 june to 30 september every day: 10h00 - 18h00 The management company reserves the right to close the establishment, according to the weather conditions.

Images of the centre //©Joana Tavares

GUIDED TOURS

01 oct to 31 may: tue to fri: 11h00 | 14h30 | 16h00 sat: 14h30 | 16h00 01 jun to 30 sep: 10h30 | 12h00 | 15h00 | 16h30 Visit duration: 45 to 60 minutes Maximum number of people per visit: 15 Previous reservation is recommended

LOCATION

Rua Dr. Teófilo Braga, Nº 10/12/14, 9580-535 Vila do Porto GPS: 36º57’4,06’’N ; 25º8’38,05’’W

CONTACTS

Tlf: (+351) 296 206 798 - Email: pnstmaria.dalbertopombo@azores.gov.pt

PRICES

Full Ticket: 2,50€ Family Ticket (2 adults with children up to 17 years old): 4€

DISCOUNTS:

Child (up to 12 years old): Free Junior (13 to 17 years old): 1,25€ Senior (> 65 years old): 1,25€ Youth, Interjovem and Student cardholders: Free Children up to 12 years old need adult supervision.

HOW TO GET THERE

Located in Vila do Porto. Leaving from the Cais da Vila (pier), follow the signs towards Vila do Porto, coursing the main road. After about 930 m you will find the Matriz da Vila do Porto church on your right, go straight ahead about 120 m and on the Rua Teófilo Braga (street) the CIADP is on your left. 1

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Imagens do Centro de Interpretação Ambiental Dalberto Pombo //©PauloHSilva/

Santa Maria Natural Park

Images of the centre //©PauloHSilva/siaramsiaram

Open during the following holidays: Good Friday, 25 April and 1 May > 14h00 to 17h30, except if these days are Sundays or Mondays


COSTA NORTE

[PR1SMA]

PICO ALTO [PR2SMA]

ANJOS

The trail Pico Alto - Anjos, begins on forest road of Pico Alto. It discloses the enormous wealth of natural flora, particularly with species of the laurel forest. The endemic fauna is also highlighted, with the presence of arthropods and molluscs in the Habitat / Species Management Area of Pico Alto, a true biodiversity heaven. Carefully observe and listen to the various birds, many of them being endemic subspecies of the Azorean archipelago. Mountain biking is also a good alternative to discover this trail.

Extension 6,5km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 3h Max. Alt. 205m | Min. Alt. 5m

Santa Maria Natural Park

GPS Starting point: Lugar das Feteiras (36°59’47,524”N ; 25°6’31,589”W) Finishing point: Baía dos Anjos (37°0’17,698”N ; 25°9’13,755”W)

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How to get there Follow the Regional Road towards sitio das Bananeiras, Feteiras de Baixo, district of São Pedro. Recommended equipment

//©PauloHSilva/siaram

Barreiro da Faneca //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Along this trail, starting at Feteiras de Baixo, in the district of São Pedro, you can admire the geological treasures of Baía do Raposo and Barreiro da Faneca, both considered sites of high geological interest. Another good example of the island’s paleodiversity is the fossiliferous deposits found in Baía da Cré. Finish the journey in the clear waters of Baía dos Anjos, ending point of this trail.

Pico Alto //©PauloBorges

Barreiro da Faneca //©PauloHSilva/siaram

WALKING TRAILS

Extension 14km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 4h Max. Alt. 587m | Min. Alt. 5m GPS Starting point: Estrada Florestal do Pico Alto (36°58’12,96”N ; 25°5’0,547”W) Finishing point: Baía dos Anjos (37°0’12,184”N ; 25°9’31,323”W) How to get there Follow the Regional Road until the entrance to Pico Alto. Recommended equipment


[PR4SMA]

[PR5SMA]

The trail starts at the Dalberto Pombo Environmental Interpretation Centre (CIADP), follows to Natural Monument of Pedreira do Campo, Figueiral and Prainha, offering the visitor a direct contact with the geological history of the island, notably through submarine volcanic rocks and fossiliferous conglomerates. At the end of the trail, enjoy the relaxing Praia Formosa, a beach of fine and clear sand, where the limpid blue contrasts with the surrounding green.

Maia //©PNSantaMaria

This trail, which starts in the centre of the district of Santo Espírito, is present the island’s tradition of cultivation of terraced vineyards in basaltic rock. Admire the beautiful cascade of Aveiro, with about 80m in height, one of the highest in the country. The route ends at Ponta do Castelo, an old whaling site of geological priority interest.

COSTA DO SUL

Costa Sul //©PNSantaMaria

MAIA

Extension 6,8km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 3h Max. Alt. 317m | Min. Alt. 5m GPS Starting point: Center of the district of Santo Espírito (36°57’17,871”N ; 25°2’31,57”W) Finishing point: Ponta do Castelo (36°55’40,293”N ; 25°1’4,018”W) How to get there Follow the Regional Road torwards the center of the district of Santo Espirito. Recommended equipment

Extension 8,5km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 3h Max. Alt. 107m | Min. Alt. 0m GPS Starting point: CIADP (36°57’0,352”N ; 25°8’39,721”W) Finishing point: Praia Formosa (36°57’2,31”N ; 25°6’6,056”W) How to get there Starting point of the trail at the Dalberto Pombo Environmental Interpretation Centre. Recommended equipment

Santa Maria Natural Park

SANTO ESPÍRITO

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The Santa Maria Grand Rout

Santa Maria Natural Park

Pedreira do Campo //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Start the route in Forte de São Brás (fortress) and go down to Ribeira de São Francisco (stream). The path continues towards east to the Pedreira do Campo, geosite aimed at preserving and promoting this geological, paleontological and volcanology uniqueness. Seize this place to rest and enjoy the view of the southern coast of the island. From here the route continues by farmlands, towards Prainha and Praia Formosa, passing by the Forno and Gruta do Figueiral. When leaving the beach area you will pass the hermitage of Nossa Senhora dos Remédios and from here the route follows the old beach path. This ancient ascending passage connects the bay to the Santo Espírito parish. The track to Malbusca, passes along rural paths and some sections in Regional Roads, so we advise caution. From this rural center, follow along the shoreline toward the Barreiro da Piedade. Go to the Ponta da Malbusca, with a privileged view over the southwest coast. The route descends through the stream of Maloás, a geosite with an impressive geological formation. Continue by agricultural paths and as it approximates the end of the stage it is possible to make a detour to sight the hermitage of Nossa Senhora da Boa Morte. Follow the signs by dirt paths, scrublands and farmlands to get to Cardal.

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Ponta do Castelo //©PauloHSilva/siaram

GRAND ROUT - STAGE 1 VILA DO PORTO CARDAL

GRAND ROUT - STAGE 2 CARDAL NORTE Leaving from the end of stage one, follow towards the Ponta do Castelo, passing by the Tia Raulinha Viewpoint. Proceed down the dirt path that leads to the fork road for Gonçalo Velho Lighthouse in Ponta do Castelo. Besides the possibility to visit the lighthouse (by appointment), in this place you can observe several species of endemic flora and geological phenomena. From here the path goes towards north, passing through the area of the natural pools of Maia and continues to Lapa de Baixo, through a detour to the Cascata do Aveiro. After visiting this waterfall, continue until you find an agricultural road. At the sight of the ruins of a mill, you will be in the surroundings of the Espírito Santo parish. Inside the parish, you should seek the Rua do Museu (street) and here you will find a dirt passage to the Caminho do Pico (path). The route continues north through the parishes of Santo António, Azenha de Cima and Azenha de Baixo. The path to the Espigão Viewpoint is made of traditional cobblestone and dirt paths. At this viewpoint you can enjoy stunning views of the Baía de São Lourenço (bay). On the Viewpoint’s exit, the path continues through agricultural pastures, crossing the Ribeira do Salto (stream) towards the Baía de São Lourenço (bay). Go down the staircase through vineyards and across all the bay until you find the access path to the Fajãzinha towards Barreiro. After the climb, turn right and continue the track in the Regional Road, heading north. Get out of the Regional Road, by your right, to the access path to the Pias Viewpoint (overlooking the Baía de São Lourenço) and proceed through this section, towards LOURAN Station. In this phase of the route you can see the entire north coast, along with the islet of Lagoinhas. Here the path reaches the end of stage, at Norte.

Extension 16,5km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 6h30 Max. Alt. 270m | Min. Alt. 15m

Extension 21,5km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 7h30 Max. Alt. 310m | Min. Alt. 40m

GPS Starting point: 36°56’44,918”N ; 25°8’50,654”W Finishing point: 36°56’44,918”N ; 25°8’50,654”W

GPS Starting point: 36°56’25,923”N ; 25°2’33,704”W Finishing point: 36°56’25,923”N ; 25°2’33,704”W

How to get there Leaving from the airport, head towards Vila do Porto. Coming to an intersection, turn left into the Avenida de Santa Maria (avenue). At the end of the avenue, turn right to the center of Vila do Porto. Walk down the main road of the village, to find in front the Forte of São Brás (fortress).

How to get there Leaving from the center of Vila do Porto, head towards the Quatro Canadas roundabout, getting out on the exit to Santo Espírito parish. Following the Regional Road, you will reach the place of Terras do Raposo where you should make the detour to the right towards the Cardal.

Recommended equipment

Recommended equipment


From the end of the previous stage, in the center of Norte, follow the signs towards the parish of Santa Bárbara, passing by the places of Lagos, Poço Grande and Boavista. Once inside the parish and after passing the Church of the Sagrado Coração de Jesus, turn left to find the primary school. Here choose the road that goes up until you find a dirt path that will take the Regional Road. From here, turn right towards the Poço da Pedreira, a geosite classified as priority by the Azores Geopark. Following the signs heading south, pass by location of Arrebentão and enter the place of Forno, go down by a footpath to Ribeira do Salto (stream), where it can be seen the Cai’Água waterfall. When you find a fountain, follow toward the west by a dirt path that connects to the place of the Cruz dos Picos. Go north on the Regional Road until you reach the Pico Alto, the highest point of the island with 587 m of altitude and rich in endemic vegetation. At this point you will find a dirt staircase that descends toward the area of the Caldeira. This part of the route runs through a forested area where there is a geodesic mark with a privileged view of São Pedro parish. The track descends towards the Regional Road and when it reaches the junction, you should choose the path on your right. This final section passes through agricultural and forest lands, ending on a fountain next to the road that leads to the place of Bananeiras, where ends the stage.

Extension 16,5km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 6h30 Max. Alt. 587m | Min. Alt. 160m GPS Starting point: 36°0’17,939”N ; 25°4’0,441”W Finishing point: 36°0’17,939”N ; 25°4’0,441”W How to get there Leaving from the center of Vila do Porto, head towards the Quatro Canadas roundabout, getting out on the exit to Santa Bárbara parish, following the Regional Road to the center of the parish. There go by the path of Barreiro to the housing center of Norte place. Recommended equipment

Ilhéu de Vila do Porto //©PNSantaMaria

GRAND ROUT - STAGE 3 NORTE BANANEIRAS

Leave Bananeiras toward Baía do Raposo. In this geosite you can visit the ruins of two watermills, the ditch feeding the mill and a treading tank belonging to the vineyard culture of the place. Continuing west, you will find another geosite, the Barreiro da Faneca, a result of the last eruptive phase of the island and dominated by clays of reddish color. At this phase of the route on arid land, there are several detours with accesses to viewpoints of the northern coast, highlighting the Ponta do Pinheiro and the Baía da Cré Viewpoints. On the end of this arid region, the route leads you to climb the Monte Gordo, where there is a “vigia da baleia” (whale lookout). From here go up to the Ponta dos Frades, then continue towards Anjos. At this phase walk parallel to the Ribeira dos Lemos (stream), until you reach the statue of Christovão Colombo, in the center of location. Go around the Baía dos Anjos (bay) by the surrounding agricultural fields and start the descent to the stone beach. Head towards the fishing port and continue to Ribeira do Capitão. Along a dirt path you will reach the Cabestrantes bay and as you progress, the airport it will appear on the horizon. This part of the section is made in a surrounding path between the coastline and the fencing of the airport. Upon reaching the end of the airport, go to the stream mouth of Ribeira Seca, in which you will enter a protected area with privileged view over the Ilhéu da Vila (islet). From here follow along the coastline to Ponta do Malmerendo. The final part of the route is made contouring the slope, from where you can see the commercial port and the village center. The dirt path continues, being interrupted by the access road to the industrial zone, continuing towards the historical center of the village.

Extension 23,5km Level of difficulty Medium Duration 8h Max. Alt. 220m | Min. Alt. 5m GPS Starting point: 36°59’47,667”N ; 25°6’31,52”W Finishing point: 36°59’47,667”N ; 25°6’31,52”W How to get there Follow by the Regional Road towards the Bananeiras site, in the place of Feteiras de Baixo, in São Pedro parish. Recommended equipment

Santa Maria Natural Park

Poço da Pedreira //©PauloHSilva/siaram

GRAND ROUT - STAGE 4 BANANEIRAS VILA DO PORTO

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CIRCUITS INTERPRETIVE CIRCUIT OF PEDREIRA DO CAMPO

Interpretive Circuit of Pedreira do Campo //PNSantaMaria

The Interpretive Circuit of Pedreira do Campo is a walkway of unique architecture, along which the visitor can collect selected information on geological and paleontological heritage of this site. Pedreira do Campo, classified as Regional Natural Monument, is an old mineral exploration site, with about 260m, carved in basaltic, submarine lava flows (pillow lava), unique in the regional context. Here, abundant and diverse marine fossil, at an altitude of 180m witness the island’s geological history and marine regression, which occurred about 5 million years ago.

Extension 160m Level of difficulty Easy Duration 30min GPS 36°56’46,743”N ; 25°8’11,945”W

Santa Maria Natural Park

How to get there Follow the Municipal Road of Valverde, right at caminho do Facho, towards lugar do Brasil, or by the Costa Sul walking trails (PR5SMA).

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Recommended equipment


Fossils //PNSantaMaria

Interpretive Circuit of Pedreira do Campo //PNSantaMaria


POINTS OF INTEREST With about 587m altitude, Pico Alto is the highest point of Santa Maria and the ideal place to have a great panorama over the entire island. Apart from Pico Alto (Habitat / Species Management Area) this viewpoint is ideal to fauna and flora observation. At the top, notice the contrast between the western and eastern part of the island. The first part is lower, flat, of yellow-brown color, while the eastern part is more humid and wooded, covered with green highlands. GPS: 36°58’56,12”N ; 25°5’27,19”W

Macela viewpoint //©Parque Natural de Santa Maria

PICO ALTO VIEWPOINT

ESPIGÃO VIEWPOINT

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Espigão viewpoint //©RitaCâmara

Santa Maria Natural Park

From this viewpoint you can see one of the most popular views of the island: Baía de São Lourenço, a well-trimmed semicircular bay, where the terraces of vines are arranged in a natural amphitheater. The viewpoint also allows to contemplate Ilhéu do Romeiro, a nesting site for many seabirds. The shady area and tables allow visitors to enjoy a moment of leisure. GPS: 36°58’56,11”N ; 25°2’53,37”W

Located on the top of Baía da Praia Formosa, this viewpoint allows visitors to contemplate a unique landscape shaped by intense marine erosive action. Praia Formosa, characterized by its clear sand deposits, is one of the most appreciated bathing areas of the island. GPS: 35°57’13,56”N ; 25°6’12,47”W

VIGIA DA BALEIA VIEWPOINT From this viewpoint, situated on the southeastern coast of the island, enjoy a privileged view of Ponta do Castelo, one of the most important geolandscapes of the island, distinguished by the beauty of its coastline, where several species of endemic flora predominate. Ponta do Castelo was once a lookout for whaling activity. GPS: 36°55’49,34”N ; 25°1’08,11”W

Vigia da Baleia viewpoint //©Parque Natural de Santa Maria

Pico Alto viewpoint //©Parque Natural de Santa Maria

MACELA VIEWPOINT


TIA RAULINHA VIEWPOINT This small viewpoint located on the side of the Regional Road that gives access to Baía da Maia, offers a panorama over the Protected Landscape of Baía da Maia. This bay is an example of the joint work between nature and Man: the terraced vineyards, where prime grapes, called “uva-de-cheiro”, are still cultivated. Moreover, the shallow areas of Maia offer pleasant shades of blue. GPS: 36°56’09,86”N ; 25°1’14,28”W

PEDRA RIJA VIEWPOINT This viewpoint is located on the Regional Road that leads to the district of Santa Bárbara. After climbing a flight of basalt stairs, you can admire the district of Santa Barbara, often called “Manger Town” given the dispersion of the houses and architectural features true to the typical features brought by settlers. GPS: 36°58’32,67”N ; 25°4’33,65”W

PICOS VIEWPOINT This viewpoint, situated on the Regional Road that leads to Pico Alto offers a privileged view over the district, that serves as the county seat, Vila do Porto, and the entire southwestern area of the island. At a distance one can also see the Nature Reserve of Ilhéu da Vila, Pico do Facho and the Natural Monument of Pedreira do Campo. GPS: 36°58’21,05”N ; 25°5’19,30”W

BIRDWATCHING AREA SURROUNDING THE AIRPORT The area surrounding the airport includes the entire west coast of the island of Santa Maria, between Ponta do Malmerendo and Baía dos Cabrestantes. In this vast area of clay soil populated by woody vegetation, beyond the airport runway (which is prohibited), the best areas for birdwatching are the lighthouse of Ponta do Malmerendo (as a viewpoint of Ilhéu da Vila), Ribeira Seca, south of the airport, west of the airport, Lagoa do Ginjal, Abegoaria Grande and Cova Areão. All these sites are accessible by car and require short walks. GPS: 36°56’34,39”N ; 25°9’36,16”W (Ponta do Malmerendo) 36°58’40,46”N ; 25°9’43,09”W (Lagoa do Ginjal) 36°58’54,90”N ; 25°10’36,08”W (Abegoaria Grande) 36°57’26,97”N ; 25°10’09,37”W (Campo Pequeno)

RIBEIRA DE SÃO FRANCISCO Foz da Ribeira de São Francisco, commonly called “Calhau da Roupa”, is located on the southern coast of the island, on the outskirts of Vila do Porto, near the port area. It is the entrance for many tourists that come to visit the “Island of the Sun”, as it is for some migratory birds that rest and search food by the river and marina. GPS: 25°8’43,45”W ; 36°56’46,15”N

ANJOS (BEACH OF LOBOS)

Beach of Lobos //©Parque Natural de Santa Maria Tern’s nest //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Common Stern (Sterna dougallii) //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Ilhéu da Vila //©PauloHSilva/siaram

Along the coast, mostly of pebbles, from Ponta dos Frades to Ponta da Restinga, apart from direct contact with the sea, you can spot birds that regularly come to this area: seabirds, herons, waders, passerines and falcons, specially on the upper slopes. GPS: 25°9’53,73”W ; 37°00’19,99”N


Detailed information about geodiversity and biodiversity of the islands are available in Guides of the Natural Parks, especially the Field Guide, which allows an easy identification of fauna and flora species of the archipelago. For more general information and activities: parquesnaturais.azores.gov.pt, on Facebook page or portal.sraa.azores.gov.pt. You can also view and download photos and multimedia content in: siaram.azores.gov.pt and consult marine images in www.horta.uac.pt/imagdop.

COVER AND TABS PHOTOGRAPHIES BY (TOP TO BOTTOM, LEFT TO RIGHT): COVER: 1. Caldeirão of Corvo //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 2. Porto do Comprido, Faial //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 3. Rocha dos Bordões, Flores //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 4. Caldeira of Graciosa //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 5. Pico Mountain//©PauloHSilva/siaram; 6. Barreiro d Faneca, Santa Maria //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 7. Caldeira da Fajã de Santo Cristo, São Jorge //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 8. Lakes of Sete Cidades, São Miguel //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 9. Landscape, Terceira //©PauloHSilva/siaram. FLORES: 1. Angelica lignescens //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 2. Rocha dos Bordões //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 3. Lagoas Negra e Comprida //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 4. //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 5. Napaeus delibutus //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 6. //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 7. Trachurus picturatus //©FCardigos/ImagDOP; 8. Cubres (Solidago sempervirens) //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 9. Costa da ilha //©PauloHSilva/siaram. CORVO: 1. Mero (Epinephelus marginatus)//©FCardigos/ImagDOP; 2. Caldeirão //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 3. Paisagem do Corvo //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 4. View of Corvo with the island of Flores in the background //©PauloHSilva/ siaram; 5. Traditional windmill //©; 6. Vila do Corvo //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 7. Huperzia dentata //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 8. Vila do Corvo //©PauloHSilva/siaram ; 9. Veronica dabneyi //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 10. Myosotis maritima //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 11. View of Corvo //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 12. View of Corvo //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 13. Caldeirão //©PauloHSilva/siaram. FAIAL: 1. Charcos de Pedro Miguel //©JoséGarcia ; 2. Capelinhos Volcano //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 3. Blue Shark (Prionace glauca) //©MarcoAurélio/ImagDRAM; 4. Panoramic view of the city, Monte da Guia, with the islands of Pico and São Jorge in the background //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 5. Heather (Calluna vulgaris) //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 6. Caldeira //©JoséGarcia; 7. Caminho da levada //©PauloHSilva/siaram. PICO: 1. Vila da Madalena //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 2. Typical Azorean house //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 3. Vila das Lajes //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 4. Catchfly (Silene uniflora) //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 5. Lajidos //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 6. Lighthouse of São Mateus //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 7. Vineyards //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 8. Traditional fishing boats //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 9. Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus) //©JFontes; 10. Pico Mountain //©PauloHSilva/siaram. SÃO JORGE: 1. Landscape //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 2. Serra do Topo //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 3. Typical boats //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 4. Guellyjack (Pseudocaranx dentex) //©MarcoAurélio/ImagDRAM; 5. //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 6. Traditional house //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 7. Blackbird (Turdus merula azorensis) //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 8. Landscape //©PauloHSilva/siaram. GRACIOSA: 1. Mystery Blenny (Parablennius incognitus) //©MarcoAurélio/ImagDRAM; 2. Sulfur crystals //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 3. Traditional windmill //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 4. Furna do Enxofre //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 5. Anaspis proteus //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 6. Furna da Maria Encantada //PNGraciosa; 7. Carapacho //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 8. Landscape //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 9. Ilhéu da Praia //©PauloHSilva/siaram. TERCEIRA: 1. Caldeira Guilherme Moniz //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 2. Furnas do Enxofre //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 3. Algar do Carvão //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 4. Angra do Heroísmo //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 5. Ilhéu das Cabras //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 6. Heather (Calluna vulgaris) //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 7. Thalassoma pavo //©FCardigos; 8. Lagoa da Serra de Santa Bárbara //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 9. Bull //©PauloHSilva/siaram. SÃO MIGUEL: 1. Landscape //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 2. Black Moray (Enchelycore anatina) //©MarcoAurélio/ImagDRAM; 3. Ilhéu de Vila Franca //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 4. Lakes of Sete Cidades //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 5. Terra Nostra Park //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 6. Aqueduct of Algar do Carvão //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 7. Gruta do Carvão //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 8. Lagoa Rasa //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 9. Saint Dabeoc’s Heath (Daboecia azorica) //©PauloHSilva/ siaram; 10. Sete Cidades Lakes //©PauloHSilva/siaram. SANTA MARIA: 1. Lighthouse of Ilhéu das Formigas //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 2. Ribeira do Engenho //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 3. Pedra-que-pica //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 4. Coast of Santa Maria //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 5. Líquen //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 6. Spergularia azorica //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 7. Fossils //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 8. Lighthouse of Ilhéu das Formigas // ©PauloHSilva/siaram; 9. Landscape //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 10. Landscape //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 11. Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta caretta) //©JFontes/ImagDOP. BACK-COVER: 1. Angra do Heroísmo //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 2. Bay of the city of Horta //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 3. Lagoa Negra e Lagoa Comprida //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 4. Landscape of Ferraria //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 5. Vineyards of Pico //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 6. Lighthouse of Ilhéu das Formigas //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 7. Fajãs of São Jorge //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 8. View of Graciosa //©PauloHSilva/siaram; 9. Vila do Corvo //©PauloHSilva/siaram. //©PauloHSilva/siaram


CONTACTS FLORES NATURAL PARK

Environmental Service of Flores Rua João Augusto Silveira 9960-440 Lajes das Flores 292 207 390 parque.natural.flores@azores.gov.pt

CORVO NATURAL PARK

Environmental Service of Corvo Canada do Graciosa,s/n 9980 - 031 Corvo 292 596 051 parque.natural.corvo@azores.gov.pt

FAIAL NATURAL PARK

Environmental Service of Faial Monte da Guia 9900-401 Horta 292 207 382 parque.natural.faial@azores.gov.pt

PICO NATURAL PARK

Environmental Service of Pico Rua do Lajido de Santa Luzia 9940-108 S. Roque do Pico 292 207 375 parque.natural.pico@azores.gov.pt

SÃO JORGE NATURAL PARK

Environmental Service of São Jorge Rua Nova - Relvinha 9850-042 Calheta 296 403 860 parque.natural.sjorge@azores.gov.pt

GRACIOSA NATURAL PARK

Environmental Service of Graciosa Rua Victor Cordon, n.º 11 9880-390 Santa Cruz Graciosa 295 403 870 parque.natural.graciosa@azores.gov.pt

TERCEIRA NATURAL PARK

Environmental Service of Terceira Rua do Galo, nº 118 9700-091 Angra do Heroísmo 295 403 800 parque.natural.terceira@azores.gov.pt

SÃO MIGUEL NATURAL PARK

Environmental Service of São Miguel Edifício dos CTT - Av. Antero de Quental, nº 9C - 2º Andar 9500-160 Ponta Delgada 296 206 700 parque.natural.smiguel@azores.gov.pt

SANTA MARIA NATURAL PARK

Environmental Service of Santa Maria Rua Dr. Teófilo Braga nº 10/12/14 9580-535 Vila do Porto 296 206 790 parque.natural.stmaria@azores.gov.pt


Guidebook Azores Natural Parks  
Guidebook Azores Natural Parks  
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