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Title: Saltwater Marine Fishes

Species #: 1

Common Name: Clown Goby, Yellow Scientific Name: (Gobiodon okinawae) Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterypii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Gobiidae

Geography / Habitat: The yellow clown goby inhabits the coral reefs of sheltered lagoons. Unlike most gobies, which are burrowers, Gobiodon sp. roost in the outer branches of Acropora (staghorn) corals, in groups of five to fifteen individuals.[

Life Strategy: Gobiodon start life as females, and are bi-directional protogynous hermaphrodites, meaning that when paired up, if necessary, one changes sex to form a breeding pair. In the case of two females forming a pair, the larger of the two becomes male, and in the case of two males, the smaller changes sex to become female. The only time a male is smaller than a female is when a small male is placed in the same coral as a large female. Food / Feed Strategy: Most gobies are carnivores, and the yellow clown goby is further subcategorized as a planktivore. Given their small size, their diet consists mainly of mesoplankton. They are opportunistic feeders, not hunters. The typical eating behavior is to wait for food to come into range, at which point they dart out to grab it and then immediately return to their roost.


Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style:

Title: Saltwater Marine Fishes

Species #:

Common Name: Alaska blackfish Scientific Name: Dallia pectoralis Kingdom: ANIMALIA

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Esociformes

Family: Umbridae

Geography / Habitat: The Alaska blackfish, Dallia pectoralis, is a fish that grows to 7 in in length. It is elongate and cylindrical, with a dark olive-brown coloration. Four to six dark blotches run vertically along the sides, and the belly is white. The fins have reddish-brown speckles. Life Strategy: The fish survives the cold winters by moving to a depth of 7–8 meters when the surface becomes solid ice. Large gills protected by gill covers help them to survive the winters where the water temperatures drop to 0 °C (32 °F), including tales of reviving fish after they are frozen solid. Food / Feed Strategy: Once thought to be herbivores, their primary diet is larvae of insects such as midges and mosquitos.


Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Terminal position Citation:


Mouth Position: Terminal Mouth Position Citation:


Title: Saltwater Marine Fishes

Species #: 3

Common Name: Clownfish Scientific Name: Ocellaris clownfish, Amphiprion ocellaris Kingdom: ANIMALIA

Phylum: chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: Clownfish are native to warmer waters of the Indian and Pacific oceans, including the Great Barrier Reef and the Red Sea. While most species have restricted distributions, others are widespread. Clownfish live at the bottom of the sea in sheltered reefs or in shallow lagoons. There are absolutely no clownfish in the Atlantic. Life Strategy: In a group of clownfish, there is a strict dominance hierarchy. The largest and most aggressive female is found at the top. Only two clownfish, a male and a female, in a group reproduce through external fertilization. Clownfish are sequential hermaphrodites, meaning that they develop into males first, and when they mature, they become females. If the female clownfish is removed from the group, such as by death, one of the largest and most dominant males will become a female. The remaining males will move up a rank in the hierarchy. Food / Feed Strategy: Clownfish feed on small invertebrates which otherwise potentially could harm the sea anemone, and the fecal matter from the clownfish provides nutrients to the sea anemone. Clownfish are omnivorous: in the wild they eat live food such as algae, plankton, mollusks, and crustacea; in captivity they can survive on live food, fish flakes, and fish pellets.


Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: terminal position Citation:


Title: Saltwater Marine Fishes

Species #: 4

Common Name: Horseshoe Crab Scientific Name: Limulus polyphemus Kingdom: ANIMALIA

Phylum: Arthropada

Class: Merostomata

Order: Xiphosurida

Family: Limulidae

Geography / Habitat: Horseshoe crabs are arthropods that live primarily in shallow ocean waters on soft sandy or muddy bottoms. They will occasionally come on shore for mating. Life Strategy: During the breeding season, horseshoe crabs migrate to shallow coastal waters. Males select a female and cling onto her back. The female digs a hole in the sand and lays her eggs while the male fertilizes them. The female can lay between 60,000–120,000 eggs in batches of a few thousand at a time. Many shore birds eat the eggs before they hatch. The eggs take about 2 weeks to hatch. The larvae molt six times during the first year. Food / Feed Strategy: While they can swim upside down, they usually are found on the ocean floor searching for worms and mollusks, which are their main food. They may also feed on crustaceans and even small fish.

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Citation:


Title: Saltwater Marine Fishes

Species #:

Common Name: Scientific Name: Kingdom: ANIMALIA

Phylum: Dissostichus mawsoni

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Nototheniidae

Geography / Habitat: These large fish are probably mesopelagic and have been caught in waters deeper than 2000 metres. Fully grown, these grayish fish are among the biggest in the Antarctic; adults of more than 2 metres in length and weighing over 135 kg (298 lbs) have been recorded during New Zealand research work carried out in the Ross Sea. The flesh is white with a high oil content. The taste is said to be similar to cod, which led to species sometimes being called Antarctic cod. Life Strategy: Antarctic cod have a lightweight, cartilaginous skeleton, lack a swim bladder, and have fatty deposits which may act as a stored energy source, particularly during spawning.They also have retinas well adapted to the low light levels. Since snow and ice cover the surface of the ocean even in summer, their specialized eyes are evolved to work in the reduced light levels found in the great depths of the Antarctic ocean. Food / Feed Strategy: They are generally piscivorous (fish-eaters), but are known to eat almost anything, including the remains of penguins caught by seals and orca on the surface.


Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: dorsal fin Mouth Position: terminal position Citation:


Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Coral Beauty Angelfish Scientific Name: Centropyge bispinosa

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Centropyge

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates form Fiji, Indonesia and Vanuatu and prefer to live in a 20 gallon tank. This is one of the best angelfish to care for. Life Strategy: Not a good reef dweller, the Coral Beauty Angelfish is prone to nip at stony and soft corals. Food / Feed Strategy: The diet if the Coral Beauty Angelfish should consist of Spirulina, Marine algae high quality angelfish preparations of mysis or frozen shrimp, and other quality meaty food.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: liveaquaria.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine

Fish Species #:


Common Name: Banana Wrasse Scientific Name: Thalassoma lutescens

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Thalassoma

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from Fiji and Vanuatu and prefers to live in a 125 gallon tank. Both sexes of this fish have facial markings in green and fine vertical striping along the body. Life Strategy: They are active fish and require plenty of rocks for hiding and a tight fitting lid. It will become territorial and harass any new additions to the community. Food / Feed Strategy: The banana Wrasse diet should consist of vitamin enriched frozen mysis shrimp, frozen brine shrimp and other meaty foods along with a high quality marine flake and marine pellet food.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/aquarium-fish-supplies

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Flame Hawkfish

Fish Species #:


Scientific Name: Neocirrhitus armatus

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Neocirrhitus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cirrhitidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish originate from Fiji and prefer to live in a 30 gallon tank. They are a very personable fish, and are great for reef tanks as long as there is no small shrimp maintained in the aquarium. Life Strategy: They are bottom dwellers and tend to hangout on rock perches waiting and readying themselves for food or come by. They are mostly a peaceful fish that spends most of its time perching and swimming within the branches of hard corals. Food / Feed Strategy: The Flame Hawkfish diet should consist of a verity of marine meats, frozen preparations and live feeder fish.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: http://liveaquaria.com


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Coral Hogfish Scientific Name: Bodianus mesothorax

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Bodianus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originated from the Indo-Pacific Sumatra and Vanuatu and prefers to live in a tank between 50- 70 gallon tank. It has a burgundy face with a rosy yellow posterior, separated by a black stripe. Life Strategy: The reef becomes this fish’s buffet. This fish is aggressive toward small, docile fish that are easily bullied. Food / Feed Strategy: The mature adult Coral Hogfish will eat snails, worms, mussels, small fish, shrimp and squid.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://liveaquaria.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine

Fish Species #:


Common Name: Catalina Coby Scientific Name: Lythrypnus dalli Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Lythrypnus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Gobiidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from the USA. Off the Eastern Pacific to be more precise and prefers to live in a 10 gallon tank with a water temperature. It has a bright red body, and the tail has a yellowish tint. Life Strategy: When ready to breed, a behavioral male chooses a cave in which to care from his brood. He lured the female inside when she will attach her eggs to the wall of the cave. He will care for the eggs until they are hatched. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is very hardy and easy to feed in captivity. It will accept almost any size meat. Body Form or Style: Fusiform

Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Chalk Bass Scientific Name: Serranus tortugarum Kingdom: Animilia

Species #:

Phylum: Serranus


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography / Habitat: Originated Caribbean and the Tropical Western Atlantic and prefers to live in a 30 gallon tank, with the water temperature to be around 72-78 degrees. It is one of the smaller bass within this family, and is a great fish for beginners. The body is orange in color with a purple mid-section. Life Strategy: They are not aggressive towards other fish, and multiple specimens can be added to the tank, and long as it is at the same time. They will not pick at corals or sessile. Food / Feed Strategy: An extremely hardy fish the Chalk Bass requires a diet consist of a variety of chopped meaty items brine shrimp and Mysis shrimp

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://liveaquaria.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Convict Tang Scientific Name: Acanthurus triostegus Kingdom: Animilia

Species #:

Phylum: Acanthurus


Class: Actinopeterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acnthuridae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originate from the Indo- Pacific, Solomon Islands and Tahiti and prefer to live in a 70 gallon tank with water temperature of 72-78 degrees with a pH level between 8.1ppm. Life Strategy: Convict Tangs have no distinguishing characteristics which help differentiate males from females, which make these fish very hard to breed in an aquarium setting because they remain in plank tonic stage for months, and are in constant danger from filters. Food / Feed Strategy: Although this fish will eat meaty foods along with the other fish in the tank, it is important that they are offered plenty of marine based seaweed and algae. This will strengthen their immune system, reduce aggression and improve their overall health.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Catangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://liveaquaria.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine fish Common Name: Popeye Catalufa Soldierfish Scientific Name: Pristigenys serrula

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Pristigenys

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciforms


Family: Pristigenys serrula

Geography / Habitat: This Fish originates from Costa Rica and prefers to live in a 70 gallon tank with the temperature to be 72- 78 degrees. It is a burnt orange color with several white highlights. Life Strategy: Gives these fish generous amounts of live rock, hiding places and swimming room it will do well with other of its own species as long as there are adequate hiding locations and plenty of space. Food / Feed Strategy: When first introduced into the rank, live saltwater feeder shrimp should be used to entice this fish to eat. The diet should vary between live feeder shrimps; freeze dried shrimp and chopped marine meats.

Body Form or Style: Deoressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: : http://liveaquaria.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Emperor Anglefish Scientific Name: Pomacanthus imperator

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Pomacanthus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes


Family: Pomacanthidae

Geography / Habitat:This fish originates from Fiji Indonesia the Maldives and prefers to live in a 100 gallon tank with a water temperature of 72- 78 degrees. This is a striking blue black mask covers the eyes ans a similar colored vertical band extends from the pectoral fin two thirds of the way up the body. Life Strategy: It will nip at stony and soft corals and clam mantles, but may be kept with small polyped stony corals and somewhat noxious soft corals. Food / Feed Strategy: It should be fed a diet of Spirulina, Marine Algae or frozen shrimp and other meaty items.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: http:// liveaquaria.com Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Leaf Fish Scientific Name: Taenianotus triacanthus Kingdom: Animilia Class: Actinopterygii

Fish Species #:

Phylum: Taenianotus Order: Perciformes

Family: Scropaenidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from Hawii and Indonesia and prefers to live in a 30 gallon tank with a


water temperature of 72- 78 degrees. Their body color varies between red, yellow, brown or blue. Life Strategy: It uses the live rock for hiding as well as for perching while looking for food. It has poison glands attached to the dorsal anal and pelvis spines. Food / Feed Strategy: When first introduced into the tank, live saltwater feeder shrimp should be used to entice this fish to eat. The leaf diet consists of live foods such as feeder fish or small shrimp.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Superterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html http://www.freshmarine.com/leaf-fish-scorpion.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Red/Orange Angler Scientific Name: Antennarius sp.

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Actinopterygii

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Antennarius

Family: Antennariidae

Geography / Habitat: Originates from Africa, Indonesia and South Asia and prefer to live in a 20 gallon or larger tank


with a water temperature of 72-78 degrees F with a pH of 8.1 The colored Anglers can range in color from vivid red to deep orange coloration. Life Strategy: No breeding habits were mentioned because of not being able to exactly determine the sex between female and male colored Anglers. Food / Feed Strategy: It will accept most meaty meal including feeder fish. An angler may eat any small inhabitant of the tank. That looks like a small fish.

Body Form or Style: Deppressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Caraniform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://liveaquaria.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Kaudern’s Cardinal Scientific Name: Pterapogon

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Pterapogon

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Apongonidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish originate from Indonesia and prefer to live in a 30 gallon tank with a water temperature of 72-78 degrees. This fish is metallic silver highlighted Cardinal with black and white stripes Life Strategy: Thus fish is relatively easy to breed in an aquarium setting. Once spawning has occurred, the male


carries the eggs in his mouth to protect them. Food / Feed Strategy: The Kaudern’s Cardinal should be fed a well balanced diet of meaty foods such as a feeder shrimp, marine flesh, bloodworms and depending on its size a live feeder fish.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.liveaquaria.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Orbiculate Batfish Scientific Name: Platax orbicularis

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Platax

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Ephippididae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates form Indonesia, South Asia and Tihiti and prefers to live in a 180 gallon tank with a water temperature of 72- 78 degrees. Life Strategy: Not a good reef dweller, it will eat many types of sessile invertebrates including coral and anemones.


This fish is susceptible to ich just like many Batfish. Food / Feed Strategy: When first introduced into a tank, live saltwater feeder shrimp should be used to entice this fish to eat. A varied diet of meaty foods such as brine shrimp and frozen herbivore preparations will help the Orbiculate to thrive, especially when fed three times a day.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.liveaquaria.com Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Longhorn Cowfish Scientific Name: Lactoria cornuta

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Lactoria

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Ostraciidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish originate form the Indo- Pacific and prefer to live in a 125 gallon tank with a water temperature of 72- 78 degrees. Life Strategy: These fish are turn poisonous when under stress and they could possibly die. Use caution when placing these fish in a reef tank as it may nibble of tubeworms. When housed correctly, the Cowfish Longhorn is long lived.


Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are omnivores the Longhorn Cowfish should be offered a variety of meaty foods and vegetables. They are slow eaters, and should not be housed with aggressive eaters.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: Carnagiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: http://www.liveaquaria.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Matted Filefish Scientific Name: Acreichthys tomentosus

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Acreichthys

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Monacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from Indonesia and prefers to live in a 30 gallon tank, with a water temperature of 72-78 degrees. Life Strategy: These fish have been known to only spawn in captivity and males are normally larger than the males, having fine bristle like hairs on each side of their body down the caudal peduncle or base of the tail. Food / Feed Strategy: Their diet should include shave shrimp, squid, scallops, Mysis shrimp, freeze, dries krill soaked


in a vitamin supplement, and frozen marine algae. They should be fed small quantities of food several times a day.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: http://www.liveaquaria.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: PurpleTilefish Scientific Name: Hoploltilus purpureus

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Hoplolatilus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Persiformes

Family: Malacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from Indonesia and Vanuatu and prefers to live in a 50 gallon tank, with the


temperature to be around 72-78 degrees. This fish also has an attractive sold lilac- purple body color with darker crimson red markings highlighting a v- shaped. Life Strategy: The Purple Tilefish is known to spawn successfully in a tank. It may be aggressive towards members of its own species but is peaceful with other fish. Food / Feed Strategy: The diet should include a variety of marine fish, crustacean flesh and Mysis shrimp, and it should be fed at least twice a day.

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation:http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Snowflake Eel Scientific Name: Echidna nebulosa Kingdom: Animilia Class: Actinopterygii

Species #:

Phylum: Echidna Order: Percitformes

Family: Muaenidae

Geography / Habitat: Originate from the Indo- Pacific and Vanuatu and prefer to live in a 50 gallon tank with the temperature tobe around 72- 78 degrees. It is one of the most beautiful morays, and inhabits caves and crevices throughout the Indo- Pacific reeds. Life Strategy: The Snowflake Eel is safe to house with any fish it cannot easily swallow. It can be housed with some invertebrates, like anemones and corals but not crustaceans. Food / Feed Strategy: The Snowflake Eel is a nocturnal predator, ambushing fish and crustaceans.


Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Round Stingray Scientific Name: Urobatis halleri

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Urobatis

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Percitformes

Family: Urolophidae

Geography / Habitat: This stingray originated from the Eastern Pacific and prefers to live in a 180 gallon tank with a water temperature of 72-78 degrees. Caution should be taken when netting this fish, or when it is not visible and maintenance is preformed in the tank.


Life Strategy: It likes to cover itself on the soft substrate as camouflage. It will eat any crustacean or mollusk in the aquarium. Food / Feed Strategy: Feeding may be difficult in the beginning. When first introduced into the aquarium, small pieces of cleaned squid or live saltwater feeder shrimp should be used to entice this fish to eat. Then it may be fed shrimp, scallops or pieces of fresh marine fish.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Purple Firefish Scientific Name: Nemateleotris decora

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Nemateleotris

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Gobiidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from Indonesia and the Maldives and prefers to live in a 10 gallon tank. It was first discovered in the Indo- west Pacific Ocean in 1973 by Randall and Allen. Life Strategy: It will rarely territorial, and will fight with

become aggressive towards other fish, but is its own kind unless they are a mated pair

Food / Feed Strategy: This fish seafood. The vibrant coloring

diet should consist of chopped or shaved will fade if not fed a vitamin enriched diet.


Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/ Marine Fish Common Name: Shark Egg Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium sp.

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Chiloscyllium

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Orectolobidae

Geography / Habitat: Originate from the Indo- Pacific and prefer to live in a 180 gallon tank with water temperature of 72-78 degrees with a pH level between 8.1-8.4 ppm. It is very hardy fish and is the most common shark kept in an aquarium. Life Strategy: The hatching of the egg will be anywhere from 1 to 6 weeks depending on the stage of development and the environmental conditions in the tank. Food / Feed Strategy: When the egg is hatched offer small pieces of cleaned squid or live saltwater feed shrimp in order to entice this fish to eat. Then it may be fed shrimp, scallops or pieces of fresh marine fish.


Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Maroon Clownfish Scientific Name: Premnas biaculeatus

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Premnas

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: This Fish originates from Australia and Papus. This dish has a bold, red body with abroad white stripe on it or head and stripes down its midsection in front of the anal fin. Life Strategy: It is difficult to maintain more than one maroon clown in the tank unless they are a pair. So you can see how breeding could become an issue. If they are already in a pair then breeding is recommended. This fish is aggressive towards other clown fish and they are difficult to maintain together. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish’s diet consists of meaty items such as frozen shrimp.


Body Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Form or Style:

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Spotted Sweetlips Scientific Name: Plectorhinchus chaetodonoides

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Plectorhinchus

Class: Acinopreygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Haemulidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from Indonesia and Vanuatu and prefers to live in a 150 gallon tank with a water temperature of 72- 78 degrees. It grows at a rapid pace to almost 3 feet in length. Life Strategy: No breeding habitats were mentioned Food / Feed Strategy: When first introduced into a tank, live saltwater feeder shrimp should be used to entice this fish to eat. Once it had acclimated, most marine carnivore preparations will be acceptable. They will also eat smaller shrimp, smaller fire worms and small snails.


Body Form or Style: Compresiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Tassle Filefish Scientific Name: Chaetodermis pencilligerus

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Chaetodermis

Class: Actinppterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Monacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originated form the Indo- Pacific and prefers to live in a 70 gallon tank with a water temperature of 72- 78 degrees. This fish is camouflaged by its light body with dark horizontal stripes. Life Strategy: It is very peaceful fish that does not bother its tank mates, with the exception of members of its own family or related kinds. Food / Feed Strategy: The Tassel Filefish feeds on a diet of meaty foods including chopped up shrimp, squid and frozen fish. It should be fed no fewer than three times per day.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Two spot Goby Scientific Name: Signigobius biocellatus

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Signigobius

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Gobiidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish originate from Indonesia and Vanuatu and prefer to live in a 10 gallon tank. It will rarely act aggressively towards other fish, but it is territorial, and will fight with its own kind unless they are a mated pair. Life Strategy: Under correct conditions, the Two Spot Goby will spawn successfully in an aquarium. Food / Feed Strategy: Usually the Two Spot Goby feeds off the bottom sifting through the sand for food, It should be fed a variety of either live or vitamin enriched frozen brine shrimp.


Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation:

http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html http://www.freshmarine.com/two-spot-goby.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Spotted Grouper Scientific Name: Epinephelus summana

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Epinephelus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originated in the Indo- Pacific and prefers to live in a 70 gallon tank of water, with a temperature of 72-78 degrees. This fish is known and located by its dark brown to black body marked by white polkadots. Life Strategy: It is an extremely aggressive fish and may eat its tank mates as well as many types of crustaceans. Food / Feed Strategy: The Spotted Grouper prefers a diet of meaty foods such as krill, shrimp and other small fish.


Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.htm Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Yellow Goatfish Scientific Name: Parupeneus cyclostoma

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Parupeneus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Mullidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish come from Fiji and Malanesia and prefer to live in a 125 gallon tank. Life Strategy: The young Yellow Goatfish may be sifting the sandy bottom of the tank in search of invertebrates to eat. They are prone to eat small crustacean’s fish and worms. Food / Feed Strategy: The diet should consist of a variety of meaty items fed at least four times a day.


Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Black Seahorse (Tank Bred) Scientific Name: Hippocampus erectus

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Hippocampus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Syngnathidae

Geography / Habitat: This is a tank bred seahorse and prefers to live in a 30 gallon tank with a water temperature of 72-78 degrees. Seahorses are probably the most recognizable fish in the world due to their unusual appearance and habits. Life Strategy: During the descent of Seahorse breeding the pair will line up face to face, and the female will deposit her eggs into the males pouch (filled with sperm). In like 20 days the male seahorse gives birth to an average of 300 demersal fry that are able to swim around birth. Food / Feed Strategy: These tank bred seahorses eat frozen shrimp, making them a smart alternative to their wild caught counterparts. They will also feed upon amphipods and other small crustaceans found in live rock. They will also accept vitamin enriched adult brine shrimp, but it should not make up their diet alone.


Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Black Cap Jawfish Scientific Name: Opistognathus randalli

Fish Species #:

Kingdom:Animilia

Phylum: Opistognathidae

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciforms

Family: Opistognathidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from the Indo- Pacific and prefers to live in a 30 gallon tank with a water temperature of 72-78 degrees. They are green with faint orange stripes. Life Strategy: The Black Cap Jawfish is hardy and will spawn successfully in an aquarium. It poses a possible threat to small shrimp. Food / Feed Strategy: The Diet should consist of a variety of marine fish, crustacean flesh and Mysis shrimp. It


prefers to be fed at least three times per day.

Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish Scientific Name: Dendrochirus Brachyterus

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Dendrochirus Brachyterus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scorpaenidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish originate from the Indo- Pacific and prefer to live in a 30 gallon take of water with a temperature of 72- 78 degrees. This is a personable fish that quickly recognizes and responds to its owners’ presences. Life Strategy: It will hide while acclimating to its new environment. The top spines are venomous, causing reactions similar to a bee sting. You can see how this might affect someone. Food / Feed Strategy: When first introduced into the aquarium, live saltwater feeder shrimp should be used to entice this fish to eat. The Dwarf Lionfish diet consists of meaty foods such as live shrimp, live fish and sometimes crustacean flesh.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Yellow Longnose Butterflyfish Scientific Name: Forcipiger flavissimus

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Forcipiger

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Chaetodontidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from Hawaii. This fish has a long snout that resembles a pair of needle nose pliers for picking food out of creviced and between coral heads. They also have a beautiful body color of black, and yellow and white. Life Strategy: This is a vey peaceful fish and when acclimated properly, they are a wonderful hardy addition to and fish only saltwater tank. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish should be fed a varied diet of meaty foods like mysis shrimp meat and frozen preparations.


Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: N/A Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Spotted Sweetlips Scientific Name: Plectorhinchus chaetodonoides Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Plectorhinchus

Class: Acinopreygii

Order: Perciformes

Fish Species #:

Family: Haemulidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from Indonesia and Vanuatu and prefers to live in a 150 gallon tank with a water temperature of 72- 78 degrees. It grows at a rapid pace to almost 3 feet in length. Life Strategy: No breeding habitats were mentioned Food / Feed Strategy: When first introduced into a tank, live saltwater feeder shrimp should be used to entice this fish to eat. Once it had acclimated, most marine carnivore preparations will be acceptable. They will also eat smaller shrimp, smaller fire worms and small snails.


Body Form or Style: Compresiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Bicolor Blenny Scientific Name: Ecsenius biocolor

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Ecsenius

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Blenniidae

Geography / Habitat: Originates from Fiji Indonesia and Sri Lank and prefers to live in a 30 gallon tanks with a temperature of 72-78 degrees. Generally found amid crevices and rocks on the bottom of its environment, the Bicolor Blenny needs a tank of at least 30 gallons with scattered rocks for perching and hiding. Life Strategy: These fish are normally peaceful tank members, but have been known to pick at other blennies smaller gobies and dartfish. Food / Feed Strategy: The diet of the Bicolor Blenny should include vegetable matter including frozen and dried foods containing marine and blue green algae.


Body Swim /

Form or Style: Fusiform Locomotion Style: Carangiform Position: Terminal

Mouth Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Bicolor Foxface Scientific Name: Lo uspi

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Lo

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Siganidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from Fiji and prefers to live in a 70 gallon tank. This fish has a very unique body and coloration of the body. Life Strategy: Rabbitfish are generally reef safe if they are well fed, if not It is possible for them to nip at and consume some species of LPS and soft corals. Food / Feed Strategy: Its diet consists of a variety of fresh vegetables and algae. It doe nip and possibly eat some soft and hard coral polyps.


Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Spiny Box Puffer Scientific Name: Chilomycterus antillarium Kingdom: Animilia Class: Actinopterygii

Species #:

Phylum: Serranus Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography / Habitat: The Spiny Box Puffer is also known as the Web Burrfish. It has a tan to yellow body with dark spots, and short, fixed spines which help protect it from larger, more aggressive fish. Its teeth are actually a fused beak-like structure. Life Strategy: It is known to nip at slow-moving fish and long-finned fish, but is not aggressive with others in its own family. It will eat invertebrates found in the reef. Food / Feed Strategy: The Spiny Box Puffer needs a varied diet of meaty foods including; squid, krill, clams, and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.


Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://liveaquaria.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Clown Triggerfish Scientific Name: Balistoides conspicillum

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Order: Perciformes

Phylum: Balistoides

Family: Balistidae

Class: Actinopterygii

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from Indonesia and Sumatra and prefers to live in a 125 gallon tank. This fish has a dramatic coloration making this species a most sought after addition to the home tank. Life Strategy: These are very aggressive fish and are semi easy to take care of. Food / Feed Strategy: The Clown Triggerfish needs a varied diet of meaty foods including; squid, krill, clams, small fish and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teethe.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Queen Anglefish Scientific Name: Holacanthus ciliaris

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: The adult queen angelfish overall body color can be described as blue to bluegreen with yellow rims on its scales. Their pectoral fins and ventral fins are also yellow but their lips and the edges of their dorsal fins and anal fins are dark blue. Queen angelfish are also known to have blue markings around each gill cover. Life Strategy: The adults are found in pairs year round, perhaps suggesting a long-term monogamous bond. The pairs reproduce by rising up in the water, bringing their bellies close together, and release clouds of sperm and eggs. The female can release anywhere from 25 to 75 thousand eggs each evening and as many as ten million eggs during each spawning cycle. Food / Feed Strategy: It should be fed a diet of Spirulina, Marine Algae or frozen shrimp and other meaty items.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Green Mandarin Scientific Name: Synchiropus splendidus

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Synchiropus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Callionymidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish originate from Indonesia and prefer to live in a 30 gallon tank with the water temperature of 72.78 degrees. It is moderately hardy in reef tanks if given the right and special care. They look like a mazelike combination of blue, orange and green colorations. Life Strategy: The Green Mandarin has been known to spawn successfully in an aquarium. It is not overly aggressive towards other fish, except for conspecifics. Food / Feed Strategy: It feeds on a variety of vitamin enriched live brine shrimp, live black worms, and natural prey on live rock and live sand.


Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html


Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Horseface Blenny Scientific Name: Ophioblennius atlanticus

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Ophioblennius

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Blenniidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from the Caribbean and prefers to live in a 30 gallon tank with a water temperature of 72- 78 degrees. The head of this fish carries 4 small branching horns and the nose is very blunt, which gives this species a unique horse like appearance. Life Strategy: It tends to perch and hop from rock to rock, looking from microalgae to graze on. It is known to nip at small polyped stony coral and clam mates and it is semi aggressive unless the tank mates appear to have it same shape. Feed Strategy: This fish does well in established tanks with large amounts of natural algae to feed on. The diet can be supplemented with vegetable matter.

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.fishbase.org/summary/speciessummary.php?id=3768 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Starcki Damsel Scientific Name: Chrysiptera starcki

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Chrysiptera

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originated from Australia Java and Vanuatu and prefers to live in a 30 gallon tank with water temperature 72-78 degrees. Comes from the reefs of the Coral Sea. This is a very active fish that will ass movement to any marine tank. Life Strategy: It will ignore invertebrate in the tank and feeds on zooplankton and algae, which makes it a good fish for a reef aquarium. These damsels are aggressive towards their own kind and only one per aquarium should be kept unless the tank is very large. Food / Feed Strategy: A varied diet of meaty items such as Mysis shrimp and vitamin enriched brine shrimp should be offered.


Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: : http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Saltwater/Marine Common Name: Red Hawkfish Scientific Name: Cyprinocirrhites polyactus

Fish Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Cyprinocirrhites

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Periformes

Family: Cirrhitidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish originates from the Indo- Pacific and prefers to live in a 30 gallon tank. This fish has a mottled orange to red body. Its lyre shaped tails sets it apart from most of the other hawkfish in appearance. Life Strategy: It may be grouped with other Red Hawkfish If all are introduced to the tank at the same time.. Although it eats small fish and shrimp. Food / Feed Strategy: This fishes’ diet consists of a variety of marine meats, frozen shrimp.


Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Columbia Shark Scientific Name: Arius jordani

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Arius

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Ariidae

Geography / Habitat: Also known as the Black Fin Shark, The Columbia Shark is a catfish which will grow quite large in an aquarium. It may be referred to as Jordan’s Catfish or the West American Cat Shark. The Columbian shark has a high fin and long, whisker� that gives it a classify catfish appearance. Life Strategy: Setting up a tank to match its natural environment will require plenty of plants and rocks, starting with a minimum tank size of 70 gallons are recommended. These fish can live in both freshwater and saltwater during different times of their lives. Food / Feed Strategy: Feed this fish sinking catfish pellets, bloodworms, or a high quality algae food.


Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #:

Common Name: Badis Scientific Name: Badis badis Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Badis

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Badidae

Geography / Habitat: Originated from India, and is one fish in which color changes are considerable. Predominantly brown with patterned black or red bars, males will change to a bluish black pattern. These fish do well in a planted tank with caves, rocks and driftwood. Life Strategy: This fish will do well in an established aquarium with caves, rocks and driftwood. The Badis is a very territorial fish in a species tank, but is more peaceful in a community tank. Family groups are forms and are headed by the male. Theses fish will breed in caves scattering the eggs which become attached to cave walls and the substrate. The male guards and defends the eggs, and after about 3 days the fry hatch and are fed infusoria. Food / Feed Strategy: Carnivores, the Badis will consume live and frozen foods, as well as freeze dries, bloodworms


and tubifex, and small pieces of meat.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Bala Shark Scientific Name: Balantiocheilus melanopterus

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Balantiocheilus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cyrinidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish is also known as the Silver Shark and is great for the semi aggressive community aquarium. This is one of the more passive freshwater sharks, and they are an active fish that will be visible during the day. The Bala Shark is a beautiful fish with a metallic body with a yellow and black dorsal and caudal fin. Life Strategy: It requires a large tank with driftwood, rocks and spots of dense vegetation. This shark does best in small groups of 3 or more as they prefer to school in an aquarium. Unfortunately, the breeding habits of the Bala Shark have not been documented. Food / Feed Strategy: An omnivore, the Bala Shark is not particularly finicky eater. Flake food; freeze dried bloodworms and tubifex, as well as vegetable based foods should be fed to these fish daily.


Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Madagascan Rainbow Scientific Name: Bedotia gaegi

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Bedotia

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Atheriniformes

Family: Bedotiidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish was identified in 1907 and is a member of the Silverside group. Rainbow fish are known for their characteristic large eyes, black or silver band, which runs through the middle scales row, deeply forked mouth, and two dorsal fins. Life Strategy: The peaceful fish is a schooling fish that should be housed in a planted aquarium with plenty of room to swim as they are very active. Madagascan Rainbows do best with a gravel substrate and its colors may intensify with dark colored gravel; When maintaining a school of these fish, an aquarium that is at least 4 ft in length should be used. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish have a large mouth, but their throat tends to be narrow. With this in mind, foods should not be too large for your fish. A good diet for these fish should consist of flake foods.


Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html


Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Turquoise Danio Scientific Name: Brachydanio kerri

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Brachydanio

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Periformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: Native to streams and pools. These fish do well with other Danio species and other peaceful fish of familiar size. Kept with others in a school, this fish will be very active. This fish prefer a planted aquarium with plenty of swimming space available. Life Strategy: These fish scatter their eggs in shallow water over a substrate of coarse gravel. After hatching, usually within 36 hours after spawning, the fry should be fed fine pieces of live foods. Sunlight may trigger spawning. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are omnivores and should be fed a diet of flake foods with plenty of vegetable matter, as well as freeze- dries bloodworms and tubifex.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fishes Common Name: Goldfish

Species #:


Scientific Name: Carassius auratus Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Carassius

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: Originated in China, and spread worldwide in aquariums pools and into the wild. These fish can be found in slow moving, freshwater bodies of water. Goldfish can survive temperatures ranging from freezing to thirty degrees centigrade. Life Strategy: There are over a hundred varieties of goldfish, coloration and physical characteristics greatly vary. The common goldfish has 2 sets of paired fins and three single fins. They lack barbells on the upper jaw and lack scales on their head. They have large eyes and acute senses of smell and hearing. They can grow to be 3 kg and 45 cm long but usually much smaller than this. Food / Feed Strategy: In the wild, these fish are omnivores. They eat plants, insects such as mosquito larvae, small crustaceans, zooplankton and detritus.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Marble Hatchet

Species #:


Scientific Name: Carnegiella strigata Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Carnegiella

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gasteropeliformes

Family: Gasteropelecidae

Geography / Habitat: Native to the rivers of South America, the Marble Hatchet prefers a heavily planted aquarium. It also requires a few floating plants. Beneath which the Marble Hatchet can hide. Active schoolers, this member of the Gasteropelecidae family does best when kept in groups of 6 or more. But since the Marble Hatchet will jump out of water. Life Strategy: These fish breed in soft water about 5 degrees and a low pH of about 6.0. A diet of fresh mosquito larvae and fruit flies may trigger spawning about the depositing of eggs on floating plants. Food / Feed Strategy: A carnivore, the Marble Hatchet will eat floating foods such as freeze- dries bloodworms and tubifex high quality flake food. And some other meaty live or frozen food, such as brine shrimp.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Cichlids

Species #:


Scientific Name: Cichlidae Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Cichlidae

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat: Most cichlids inhabit lakes or the sluggish areas of rivers, but there are few species adapted to swift flowing stream. Most cichlids are distinguished from all other freshwater fish by the existence of two unique features; a single opening of the nostrils and an interrupted lateral line. Life Strategy: As family, cichlids display complex behaviors in feeding, reproduction and orientate care. The exploratory behavior of cichlids is also very important because this is what initially encouraged and later refined speciation. Food / Feed Strategy: They eat algae, zooplankton, phytoplankton, whole fish, larvae or eggs of mouth brooding species.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #:


Common Name: Splashing Tetra Scientific Name: Copella arnoldia Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Copella

Class: Actinopyerygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Lebiasinidae

Geography / Habitat: The Splashing Tetra is a peaceful fish that can be housed in any community aquarium. The body is long and slender and is gold/silver in color. The males of this species have longer fins and are slightly larger than their female counterpart. The fins of the male also exhibit more color with red and black outlines. This fish gets its name from their breeding behavior. Life Strategy: The Splashing Tetra can be housed in a community aquarium with soft or brackish water. Plants, rocks, and driftwood help to enhance its natural habitat and provide hiding places. This is a peaceful fish that the beginner to the expert aquarist would benefit from having. A tight sealed top is a must with these fish, as they do jump. Food / Feed Strategy: The Splashing Tetra will accept many small foods such as brine shrimp or daphnia, freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex, micro pellet food, and a high quality flake food.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Trinidad Pleco

Species #:


Scientific Name: Hypostomus punctatus Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Hypostomus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Loricariformes

Family: Loricariidae

Geography / Habitat: This nocturnal Trinidad Plecostomus is a great candidate for the community aquarium. Usually greenish yellow in color, its patterned fins camouflage it well in planted tank. It comes from the Amazon region of South America from fast flowing rivers to flood plains. Life Strategy: In the wind this fish is an egg layer, but breeding in an aquarium setting had not been as successful. Food / Feed Strategy: A useful herbivore in an aquarium with algae, this fish will keep algae under control under normal tank conditions. Of not algae are present, supplement with algae wafers and other herbivore preparations.

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Channel Catfish Scientific Name: Ictalurus punctuates

Species #:


Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Ictalurus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictalurus punctatus

Geography / Habitat: Channel Catfish have been introuduced in the Paleractic in Cyprus, Czech Republic. This fish can live in both fresh and saltwater and brackish eater yet they are generally found in freshwater environments. They are found in moving waters such as streams, creeks and rivers and well as lakes, reservoirs and ponds. Life Strategy: The male and female in the summer but the relationship is established earlier in the year. Mating takes place when the male swims along the female in the opposite direction. Their tails wrap around the others head to being mating. When the male’s body shivers the female is stimulated and the eggs and sperm are released. The mass of eggs is deposited in a nest built by the female of by both. After mating has occurred the male chases away the female and guards the eggs until they hatch. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish consumes yellow perch, sunfish, snails, algae, snakes, frogs, insects, aquatic plants and even birds on some occasion. Younger channel catfish are more consistently omnivorous, eating large amounts and varieties of plant and animals.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Black Shark

Species #:


Scientific Name: Labeo chrysophekadion Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Labeo

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: The Black Shark, also called the Black Labeo, is uniformly black or dark brown in color. In some countries it is an important food source. The Black Shark is a very active, somewhat aggressive fish that is not suitable for the community aquarium. A large aquarium is necessary for this shark as it may reach two feet in length. The Black Shark is one of the only sharks that should not be kept in a planted aquarium because plants are a large part of its diet. A hood on the aquarium is also recommended, as the Black Shark is an accomplished jumper. Life Strategy: Unfortunately, the breeding habits of Labeo chrysophekadion have not been documented. Food / Feed Strategy: An omnivore, the Black Shark is not a particularly finicky eater. Flake food, freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex, as well as vegetable-based foods should be fed.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Loricaria Cat Scientific Name: Loricaria Kingdom: Animilia

Species #:

Phylum: Loricaria


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Loricaria

Family: Loricariidae

Geography / Habitat: The Loricaria Cat has a slender body with a camouflage color pattern that covers the entire fish. Because this species come from the tropic waters of South America, a neutral pH is recommended. Life Strategy: They should be in at least a 30 gallon tank with a high filtration system and plenty of aeration. These fish breed by laying their eggs on plants or rocks, and breeding in the aquarium stetting is not usual. Food / Feed Strategy: A planted tank with high vegetation and some algae will sustain this fish. However, if algae are not present, a supplement with a vegetable based flake food or algae wafers will provide the fish with a balanced diet.

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Superminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Korthausae Killifish Scientific Name: Nothobranchius korthausae

Species #:


Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Nothobranchius

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Aplocheifromes

Family: Aplochilidae

Geography / Habitat: The Korthausae Killifish is a beautiful and easy-to-care-for killifish. The distinct banding on the Korthausae Killifish gives it an interesting, tiger-striped appearance that accentuates its bold and vibrant color pattern. The name "Killifish" is derived from the Dutch word meaning ditch or channel, where these brilliantly colored fish are found in the wild. Life Strategy: This species of Killifish is an annual species. A breeding tank is ideal with a 2-3 inch layer of peat at the bottom. The Korthausae Killifish will bury the eggs in the peat. After spawning, remove the peat that contain the eggs and press out any excess water. Place the moist peat with the eggs in a plastic bag or sealed jar for 3 to 4 months at room temperature. After that time period, add aquarium water back to the peat to hatch the fry. Food / Feed Strategy: The Korthausae Killifish will accept most live foods such as brine shrimp, white worms, tubifex, and some commercially prepared flake and frozen foods.

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Caramgiform Mouth Position: N/A Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Tilapia Scientific Name: Oreochromis niloticus

Species #:

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Oreochromis

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes


Family: Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat: Also known as mudfish and kurper in South Africa, the Tilapia is one of the hardiest fish. Is Tilapia primarily cultured because of its high adaptability. Tilapia can be raised in fresh or brackish water. Also favoring cultivation is tilapia’s high growth rate and frequent spawning tendencies. Life Strategy: True tilapias are nest brooders, but species of the other general incubate their eggs orally, one or both parents carry them in their mouths until the young hatch. They have literally compressed bodies like the type of called sunfish; they are fast growing and tolerate brackish water. Food / Feed Strategy: Tilapia eats plants, love protein rich duckweed and also filter algae from the water using tiny combs in their gills. Combining duck weed and commercial fish feed is good, but tilapia will grow ok on duckweed alone.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html


Title: Saltwater Marine Fishes

Species #:

Common Name: Clown Goby, Yellow Scientific Name: (Gobiodon okinawae) Kingdom: ANIMALIA

Phylum:

Class:

Order:

Family:

Geography / Habitat:

Life Strategy:

Food / Feed Strategy:

Attach Picture Here Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Citation:


Fish Identification Project  

Fish Taxonomy Project

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