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OCTOBeR 24, 2013
The official campus newspaper of Swarthmore College since 1881
Free speech group criticizes Swarthmore
College left unsealed sensitive files in open student storage room for weeks
Chopp defends sanctions on Phi Psi By DANIEL BLOCK News Editor
Many students cheered the college administration’s decision to impose sanctions on Phi Psi after a photo of the fraternity’s bid invitations, which was set on a background of images of naked and near-naked women, surfaced on campus. The Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE), a national non-profit that advocates for free speech and other individual rights on college campuses, was less enthusiastic. On October 8, the organization sent the college a lengthy letter accusing the school of violating Phi Psi’s right to free speech, right to freedom of conscience and right to due process in punishing the fraternity for its fliers. The school, according to FIRE, acted improperly by punishing Phi Psi without charging the group with any violation of school policy. “FIRE asks that Swarthmore College rescind the sanctions imposed upon Phi Psi,” FIRE wrote. “We request a reply by October 23, 2013.” On October 21, they received one. In a letter to the organization, Chopp said that the school would not reverse its decision, which mandated that Phi Psi suspend pledging Continued on Page 4
Files included hundreds of students’ social security numbers By TOBY LEVY Assistant News Editor
Unsealed boxes containing confidential information in the Parrish student storage room last week
Chopp announces Community Development Fund By LINDSAY HOLCOMB News Writer
On Friday October 11, the Dean’s Office sent out an email to the student body introducing the establishment of the Community Development Fund (CDF), a reserve of $150,000 to be spent evenly over the next three years on 15 student projects. The money for the fund will come directly from the budget of the President’s Office as part of an initiative that has been cultivated since last spring. In order to be eligible for each $10,000 grant, student projects must focus on promoting inclusivity on campus, ideally by bringing together a multifaceted cross-section of the campus community. “The fund was created to be both a vehicle and incentive for innovative thinking related to building a diverse and inclusive
community,” said Dean of Diversity, Inclusion and Community Development Lili Rodriguez. “We know that good ideas most often come when diverse groups work together.” To that end, as a baseline, projects funded by college grants should enable a conversation between individuals and organizations not regularly in contact. The idea is to promote inclusivity in discussions that pertain to the entire community instead of alienating certain groups. The perceived exclusivity of discussions regarding campuswide issues seems to be what many believe to be a major detriment to recent attempts to foster communication at the college. “When you say okay, we’re going to talk about diversity, some people automatically feel excluded because they feel that their own experiences don’t have anything to bring to Continued on Page 2
Students checking on their belongings in Parrish basement storage last week made a surprising discovery: piles of open and sealed boxes containing various school files and records, many of which contain sensitive information about former and some current students. It is unclear if the files were placed in the storage room after Parrish basement flooded in early September or if they had been there before it, but some of them did appeared to have suffered water damage. Many of the boxes did not have lids and were brimming with files. Records found inside, which went at least up until 2010, included monthly payment plans (including financial aid information), home addresses and phone numbers, bank routing and account numbers, health insurance information and social security numbers, along with other personal student information. “The covers weren’t on the boxes, meaning someone’s social security number was in plain sight,” said Chris*, one of the stu-
dents who discovered the boxes. Some of the files displaying social security numbers sat at the top of boxes without lids, facing up. In total, hundreds of students’ social security numbers were discovered on various documents, including lists of them in printed confidential emails among school officials discussing financial aid and health insurance. Additionally, tuition statements and records of student fines were found, as was information marked “confidential” about potential endowment investments. Several of the boxes had “toss” or “shred” labels on them. Some records found went as far back as the 1960s. Laura* saw the boxes while helping a friend move her belongings from storage in Parrish Hall. While looking around the room to find her things, she noticed some open boxes near one of the shelves. When she glanced inside, she saw Continued on Page 3
*The following are pseudonyms for stu-
dents contacted by The Phoenix who spoke on the condition of anonymity given the confidential nature of what they discovered.
Anti-sexism activist Jackson Katz speaks on campus By SARAH COE-ODESS Assistant News Editor
With the pervasiveness of discussion about sexual misconduct on campus during the past few semesters, much of the conversation has focused on victims and perpetrators. Few people, however, have focused on the bystanders in these situations. In his visit to campus on Wednesday, though, guest lecturer and anti-sexism activist Jackson Katz presented strategies and techniques for being an effective bystander in sexist or misogynistic scenarios. A former high school football player, Katz has worked extensively with groups like college football teams and the military to discuss such issues and ways to handle them. Creator of the
Mentors in Violence Prevention (MVP) Model, Katz specializes in bystander intervention workshops and presented a TED Talk, entitled “Violence and Silence,” on the subject this past February. Katz’s website describes this
model as “a gender violence, bullying, and school violence prevention approach that encourages young men and women from all socioeconomic, racial and
Katz at Swarthmore on Wednesday
Continued on Page 3
Juliana Gutierrez / The Phoenix
OCTOBER 24, 2013
KOBY LEVIN Editor-in-Chief PARKER MURRAY Editor-in-Chief AMANDA EPSTEIN Managing Editor STEVEN HAZEL Managing Editor
Copy ELLE LARSEN Writer MARINA MARTINEZ Writer VICTOR GOMES Writer ANNA LEE Writer YENNY CHEUNG Artist MARTIN FROGER-SILVA Artist The Opinions Section
IZZY KORNBLATT Page One Editor
AARON KROEBER Editor Nehmat Kaur Assistant Editor TYLER BECKER Columnist BRIANNA COX Columnist DANIEL HIRSCHEL-BURNS Columnist AMY KIM Columnist GURREIN KAUR MADAN Columnist GREG NISBET Columnist
The News Section DANIEL BLOCK Editor SARAH COE-ODESS Assistant Editor TOBY LEVY Assistant Editor LINDSAY HOLCOMB Writer JOHN PROIOS Writer LILY TYSON Writer CLAIRE YANG Writer
The Sports Section
The Living & Arts Section ANNA GONZALES Editor IAN HOFFMAN Editor ALLI SHULTES Editor at Large LAINA CHIN Columnist TOM CORBANI Columnist JOSH GREGORY Columnist CECILIA PAASCHE Columnist PHILLIP HARRIS Columnist DEBORAH KRIEGER Columnist ALLISON HRABAR Columnist COLE TURNER Columnist NITHYA SWAMINATHAN Columnist ZOE WRAY Columnist
ALEC PILLSBURY Editor JAMES IVEY Columnist EMMA KEEFE Writer Photography SADIE RITTMAN Editor MARTIN FROGER-SILVA Photographer JULIANA GUTIERREZ Photographer HAOYU JASPER WANG Photographer ZHENGLONG ZHOU Photographer IAN HOLLOWAY Photographer TYLER ALEXANDER Photographer HAZLETT HENDERSON Photographer
JOYCE WU Chief Copy Editor SOPHIE DIAMOND Editor ADRIANA OBIOLS Editor Business JERRY YU QIN Business Manager HEITOR GERALDO SANTOS Business Manager KEVIN MOJICA Business Manager JI HO JANG Business Manager DANIEL BLOCK Webmaster KAT GALVIS Social Media Coordinator BRIANA COX Social Media Coordinator KATHERIN LIN Circulation Manager Parrish Hall Offices 470-472 Swarthmore College 500 College Ave Swarthmore, PA 19081 Tel 610.328.7362 Email firstname.lastname@example.org Web swarthmorephoenix.com Please direct advertising requests to advertising@ swarthmorephoenix.com. The Phoenix reserves the right to refuse any advertising. Advertising rates subject to change. Mail subscriptions are available for $60 a year or $35 a semester. Please direct subscription requests to aepstei1@ swarthmore.edu. The Phoenix is printed at Bartash Printing, Inc. The Phoenix is a member of the Associated College Press and the Pennsylvania Newspaper Association. CORRECTION In the last issue, Ian Holloway and Sadie Rittman’s photo credits were switched in the Living & Arts section.
College will not postpone Common Application due date By LILY TYSON News Writer
Recently, the Common Application has been malfunctioning, causing many schools to extend application deadlines. As of now, however, the Swarthmore Fall Early Decision deadline remains November 15. The Common Application, which over 500 member colleges use, updated to the Fourth Generation of the Common Application over the summer. In the past students have been able to print parts of the application to edit it or submit by mail, but this is no longer possible. In addition, the format was changed so that the application changes based on how each question is answered. When the Common App, updated all of the member colleges also had to update their applications. However, the Common App did not leave enough time for colleges to adjust to the new system. “When they changed that system, they did not think through how long that would take for the testing and the beta testing,” said Vice President and Dean of Admission James Block. “They went
live on August 1, but colleges didn’t have any of the data they needed to make those changes until July 27th.” While Swarthmore’s application was available on August 1, when the application went live, other colleges’ applications were not. University of Chicago, Duke, Columbia and Northwestern, are among the colleges that have extended their deadlines for students. Although Swarthmore has not extended the application deadline, the college has committed itself to helping students through the application malfunctions. “The Admissions Office is carefully monitoring the challenges that high school seniors and school counselors are facing with the Common Application and supporting credential submisJuliana Gutierrez/The Phoenix sions,” said the college’s Admis- In spite of Common App malfunctions, the Admissions Office will not postpone the early decision deadline sions Office said in a statement to prospective students, parents and In addition to creating chal- little time to devote to college as completed can prevent students college counselors. “We underlenges for admissions offices, the apps on top of all of their other from going on to the next step, for stand their frustration and anxirecent malfunctions have caused obligations,” said Catherine Ga- instance.” ety, and we stand ready to work Despite not extending the difficulties for students and college nung, associate director of college with all...We are monitoring the counseling, at the Taft School in deadline, Bock said the college will counselors. situation on a daily basis, and we “There are times when students Watertown, Connecticut. “There continue to work individually with will update this announcement as cannot log-in, which always wor- are several other little quirks -- prospective students as the applineeded as we approach this first ries anxious students who have completed tasks that do not show cation process continues. application deadline.”
‘Parrish storage,’ continued from page 1 that there were thick stacks of paper rubber-banded together. “I realized that all the papers had information for individual students on them: names, expected graduation years, social security numbers,” she said. “At first, I thought the papers were related to student payroll but then I saw that they were actually details of monthly payment plans. It was pretty shocking, especially since the papers I saw were for students who had presumably graduated in 2006 or earlier.”
While Parrish student storage is typically locked, the room became accessible after the flooding damaged Parrish basement, leading the school to remove the bottom several feet of the plaster walls, potentially allowing students to crawl in. Even so, according to Chris, the room is not always locked, including on the weekend he went down. Mark* was one student who crawled under the wall. He discovered that there were boxes with social security numbers and payroll information. He was disturbed by
the accessibility of the files and immediately left. Similarly, upon this discovery, Laura expressed disappointment, noting that she could not believe documents containing such sensitive student information were left in the open, mentioning how scared she would be if her personal information were left out. “It takes a special kind of carelessness to leave so much information, on what looked like hundreds of students, lying around. If I found out that the college left my
social security number and the details of my payment plan out like that, I would be pretty upset,” she said. “I don’t want some random students to have access to that, especially not a decade later.” Dean of Students Liz Braun and Assistant Dean of Residential Life Rachel Head both declined to comment, referring instead to Sharmaine LaMar, assistant vicepresident for risk management and legal affairs. Lamar stated that it at the moment it appeared that no information was taken or used
improperly. “In an abundance of caution,” Lamar said, “the college is investigating the matter to ensure that no one’s information is in jeopardy of being misused.” Lamar further noted that the administration takes issues of this nature seriously. “We take very seriously our responsibility to protect and maintain the privacy of educational records and personal information of all members of the college community,” she said.
OCTOBER 24, 2013 PAGE 3
Anti-sexism activist Jackson Katz gives lecture and workshop
ethnic backgrounds to take on leadership roles in their schools and communities.” “We thought he would be a good person to bring to campus in a completely non-divisive, community kind of way — especially after the spring,” said Brennan Klein ’14, one of the students who was heavily involved in planning the event. Klein, along with Eve DiMagno ’15, Callen Rain ’15, and Jason Hua ’15, began discussions about getting Katz to speak on campus last spring after watching his TED talk. “We all watched his TED talk, and he was really passionate and powerful when he delivered it,” Klein said. “It was a lecture that you can’t walk away from and not be affected by.” These students, together with Coordinator of Student Activities Mike Elias, organized the event on their own. With the support of the President’s Office, the offices of Diversity, Inclusion and Community Development and Residential Life, CAPS/Worth, the psychology department, the history department, the educational studies department, the gender and sexuality studies department, the Title IX office, the Lang Center for Civic and Social Responsibility and the Women’s Resource Center, discussions continued over the summer on how to have Katz effectively send a message to the college community. Katz ran two events on Wednesday. The first, a closed event, was a workshop with 82 student leaders on campus. These leaders included Residential Advisors, Student-Athlete Advisory Committee representatives, members from Intercultural Center groups, Acquaintance Sexual Assault Prevention (ASAP) members, members from the two fraternities and the sorority, and Student Council leaders. The college’s athletic teams were each also invited to send a couple of representatives to the workshop. “The intention was that the representatives would go and get this bystander training, and they would bring it back to their groups,” Elias said. “We [invited] a lot of voices to this conversation.” Primarily a lecture format, this event began by discussing the Halloween party and by asking its attendees what they wanted to focus on. Katz then discussed that men are overwhelmingly perpetrators in violence and, except for in sexual violence, are often usually the victims, too. Katz then conducted a modified version of his MVP training, in which he presented hypothetical scenarios and suggested how a subsequent conversation would and should follow. By comparing violence against women to a pyramid, Katz suggested that the pyramid’s tip is a specific violent act, while the base is a culture’s attitudes. Through this perspective, he said, the bystander can
be viewed outside of specific situations. As a bystander, he explained, silence implies consent and complicity. Katz’ takeaway message, he said, was “If I walk away and don’t act, won’t I be part of the problem?” The second event was a public lecture in the Lang Concert Hall, which was full of students and faculty. “I always thought my life wasn’t complete until I visited Swarthmore,” Katz joked to break the ice and start off the lecture. “I have a problem with the term ‘women’s issues’ to explain gender violence,” he said to introduce the lecture’s focus. “I’m here to say that’s a problematic frame and here to argue that these are men’s issues.” Alerting the audience that most of the lecture would concern reframing the paradigm of gender violence, Katz asserted that many males do not pay attention to “women’s issues” because they disregard any relevance to their lives. Equating the word “gender” to “race,” he suggested that dominant groups do not regard such terms with their own lives. Along these lines, Katz followed up by discussing men’s defensiveness on such issues and explained the political effects of such defensiveness. “Awareness is only a meaningful word if it’s directed towards taking action,” he said after mentioning that October is Domestic Violence Awareness Month. By writing simple sentences on a white board, Katz demonstrated how use of the passive voice — rather than the active voice — can completely alter the a sentence’s subject. What he also attempted to alter was the focus from individual perpetrators to their implications about their respective cultures. “What is going on in US culture that is conditioning so many boys and men to act these ways?” Katz asked. Katz shifted his talk to discussion of the word “victim” and the phrase “alleged victim.” He asserted that sexual assault and domestic violence are among the few crimes where an allegation is not immediately believed. Calling these two phrases obsolete, Katz then said that, in journalistic discourse and mainstream conversation, the word “accuser” has taken over, something that Katz called “a huge leap backwards.” The reason for this, he explained, was that the focus shifts from the man’s action to the woman’s action. “I valued Katz’s discussion on the language that we use to discuss men’s violence against women,” Elle Larsen ’15 said. “I feel that it was a strong point to make that we take men out of the language when it comes to these issues, and I am glad that he brought this to our attention.” The second half of Katz’s lecture focused on bystander intervention. For Hua, Elias and Klein, Katz’s coming was a way to facilitate fur-
Juliana Gutierrez/The Phoenix
Yesterday evening Jackson Katz, above, delivered a lecture in Swarthmore’s Lang Concert Hall. ther conversation on the issues that arose last spring. Because of this, Elias told Katz in advance that this topic has been the focus of constant discussion on campus recently. “We [wanted] him to be a catalyst to continue this conversation on a large scale,” Elias said. “We’re hoping that he can ... bridge some larger conversation among the community.” Although Klein agrees that Katz’s workshop and lecture were essential to continuing last spring’s discussion in a productive way, he does not think that Wednesday’s events alone will be the solution. “This isn’t a vaccine for campus unrest, but if everyone involved in this tension goes to the event, it gives everyone a common ground to figure out how to move forward in a responsible and compassionate way,” he said. “If it can be a platform for discussion, that is very beneficial. [...] I think getting a foot in the door is huge in terms of having people reflect on their own lives and what they can do,” Klein said. For DiMagno, Katz is more than just an expert in the field; he is also a voice that the college has not considered thus far. “His approach is very much
that we talk about [sexual violence] as a women’s issue, but it’s not,” she said. “He focuses on men’s violence. He talks about interrupting that culture, challenging each other on a small scale. And I think that’s just a different approach, because it’s a very, ‘Here’s what you can do’ idea, […] which I think has been floating around more recently but that I haven’t seen take center stage.” Hua agrees that Katz’s perspective is an important yet overshadowed one. “I think Jackson [has] a fresh view on the issues of gender violence and discrimination that were raised last spring, from the male perspective,” he said. “Jackson’s work focuses on the characteristics and behaviors that make up a healthy masculinity and what men, being in a position of privilege, can do to prevent gender-based violence. Which is a lot more nuanced than just ‘don’t rape anyone.’” While Katz’s relevance to the college is undeniable, DiMagno does not see his coming as a direct response to any specific event on campus that has transpired. “A lot of things happen in reaction to crisis here,” she said. “When we were thinking about [Katz’s coming], the idea was to
bring this in not as a response to a crisis, but to […] provide a new perspective and a new voice. […] I’m hoping that people who haven’t been listening will hear this and say, ‘This does apply to me, and it is a problem, and now I have concrete things to do.’” Consistent with the idea that anyone can be a bystander in everyday situations, DiMagno, as well as Rain and Hua, feel like Katz’s wisdom extends to more than just the people who have been most heavily engrossed in the campus conversation this far. “By being a part of this community, we all have a responsibility to prevent sexual violence,” Rain said. “Unfortunately, I believe that many of us don’t always know what that responsibility looks like in practice and what behaviors we can change to avoid perpetuating a serious problem.” Hua agreed. “His work is relevant to everyone on campus, especially as a call to action for men to be proactive and examine the way we conduct ourselves and the behaviors we engage in on a dayto-day basis.” Elle Larsen is a member of the Phoenix staff. She played no role in the production of this article.
OCTOBER 24, 2013
“Community Development Fund” announced the discussion,” A’Dorian MurrayThomas ’16, programming intern at the Black Cultural Center, said. “If certain people feel like their voices can’t be heard or valued, then we have a problem.” Murray-Thomas and others noted that the attendance at community discussions facilitated by the college this semester has often been representative of only a narrow demographic. Without the participation of multiple campus groups, many students worry that the conversations taking place will not resonate deeply enough with the entire community. “The community is divided on a number of issues, and so far, the conversations that have been taking place have, to a certain extent, made the divides deeper,” Aya Ibrahim ’15 said, student intern for the student activities office. Rodriguez and the rest of the organizers of the Community Development Fund hope to change this. “We hope students will work
with faculty and staff or that student groups that don’t typically interact come together to design a transformative experience,” she said. According to Rodriguez, there is no ideal project. “We didn’t narrow the potential ideas. We only stipulated that the effort lead to meaningful interactions,” Rodriguez said. While the email sent to the community suggests that projects could include field trips, courses or community service projects, any project that inspires cross-campus communication would be well-received by the committee. Though no project proposals have been submitted yet, according to Rodriguez, there appears to be extensive interest on campus. “We’ve already received lots of questions from potential grant applicants, so it’s clear many members of the community had been thinking about ideas for some time,” she said. For these individuals, the community development fund
founder of Allyship in Action, a group that also strives to encourage the interactions of diverse interests
on campus, said that the Community Development Fund provided much-needed support for student projects. “I think this is an excellent opportunity to give passionate students the resources they need to bring their ideas to life,” she said. Boas-Hayes is considering applying for the grant with her idea of a “Speak Week” where community members can “focus on concepts like ability, religion, and class that are often overlooked on a campus that prides itself on its diversity.” Despite the positive interest from most individuals interviewed, it seems that many students are concerned with the timing of the project. “Some people find it problematic,” Murray-Thomas said. “It could be perceived as a pacifier for everything that happened last year.” Others agreed. Another concern is that it gives the impression of a short-lived reform. According to the email, there will only be grants given out for the next three years, so some are con-
cerned that the impacts of these projects will not be seen by anyone who facilitated their creation. Dean Rodriguez denied that this is the case, saying “If it works well, it may become a part of the yearly operations.” She explained that if the goals of the fund are met, and various segments of the community are brought together in innovative ways, the project would be considered a success. In this event, it is highly likely that the college will invest more in continuing the development of such initiatives. The due date for applications for the grant is November 27, so some of the student initiatives financed by the Community Development Fund might have a presence on campus as early as the spring semester. Until then, the effects of the initiative remain to be seen. “I’m not sure the fund will solve all of the problems in our community,” said Ibrahim, “but it can help provide different platforms to start conversations in a different way.”
Rodriguez, who in her letter to Phi Psi outlined the reasons the organization would face these suspensions, briefly mentioned that the fraternity “has not not abided by party registration policies, dismissing Party Associates (PAs) before parties have ended this year and treating PAs in an unprofessional manner.” The end of the suspension is tied to the completion of the educational training session and proposal of a community event “that displays a genuine appreciation of what you have learned.” FIRE asserts that the educational component goes beyond just learning, claiming that by asking Phi Psi to show a “genuine appreciation” for the campus’ viewpoint, the school “crosses the boundary from education into unconscionably arrogant, invasive and immoral thought reform.” Rodriguez disagreed, saying that the school is not mandating fraternity members to think in any particular way. “We’re saying take a moment to reflect on this and see where you come out,” she said. “Where they come out of that is based on their own lives and thoughts and ideologies and values and all the things that individuals put into their education.” She said that this process of reflection has been going on since the school became aware of the bids. Contrary to the claims of some, Rodriguez says that Phi Psi members did meet with her and Mike Elias, the student activities coordinator and Greek life liaison, and were given a chance to explain themselves before the letter was sent. Zach Schaffer ’14, president of Phi Psi, told The Phoenix he would provide comment, but did not. In their letter, FIRE accused the school of taking action against Phi Psi because they found the flier to be in “poor taste.” But some students say the bids are more than just raunchy or in “poor taste.” “I would definitely qualify them under sexual harassment. It’s sexually explicit material that objectifies women,” said Yana List ’14, who felt the school was justified in taking ac-
tion. “Your free speech ends where it impedes someone else’s life.” List is not the only student who feels that what Phi Psi did goes beyond what should be protected. “There’s a line between free speech and harassment,” said Allison Hrabar ’16. “When there’s something clearly demeaning to women coming from a house that has raped people and beat up people for being queer, it stops being speech and starts being harassment.” According to a 2010 Dear Colleague Letter by the Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR), harassment “creates a hostile environment when the conduct is sufficiently severe, pervasive, or persistent so as to interfere with or limit a student’s ability to participate in or benefit from the services, activities, or opportunities offered by a school.” It does not, however, “have to include intent to harm, be directed at a specific target, or involve repeated incidents.” In the student handbook, Swarthmore defines harassment as “unwelcome conduct” based on any legally protected status. “Harassment,” it says, “can occur in any form and can be directed at individuals or groups.” Not everyone agrees that the fliers meet these standards. “People have tried to argue that it was an example of harassment, but that doesn’t doesn’t hold up against what the Supreme Court says or even what Swarthmore’s handbook says,” said Charette. “I think it’s telling that the administration didn’t label the fliers as harassment. Instead, they attempted to placate the controversy by forcing Phi Psi into reeducation workshops and hoping no one would notice that the College was denying Phi Psi members due process.” Harris agreed. “Harassment has to be severe, pervasive, and objectively offensive. One flier distributed to fraternity members on campus is never going to meet those thresholds.” As List pointed out, however, private institutions can go beyond the First Amendment in deciding
what is or is not permissible. “Within a private organization, the norms can be different and the rules can be stricter,” she said. Given the context of the circumstances surrounding the bids, List argues that the administration’s actions were acceptable. “Some cultures are just bad and their accusation that this is impeding their free speech completely ignores the larger issue of rape culture and rape in the frats,” she said. “[FIRE is] focusing on the free speech issue when the larger issue is violence.” Cooper disagreed that the administration should limit the First Amendment. “You could argue that yes, it made people uncomfortable. But there’s a lot of things on campus that make us uncomfortable,” he said. “It really shouldn’t be up to Swarthmore administration to say which kinds of discomfort are or are not okay, unless something is directed at a particular individual or group of individuals or is threatening in some way.” And even so, Cooper said, the school needed to be clear about what was punishable and what was not. “The administration never defined what parts of the handbook were broken,” Cooper said. “How are people supposed to follow the rules if they don’t know what the rules are?” There was a consensus among students contacted by The Phoenix, regardless of their opinions on what happened to Phi Psi, that the handbook was too vague. “Our college handbook needs to be made more clear,” List said. Rodriguez said the school was aware of this perception and will try and make the handbook more explicit. The administration, for example, has considered adding a section to the handbook on student organizations that can articulate the differences between individual student conduct issues and organization conduct issues. FIRE, for its part, is not sure what its next steps will be. “That’s not something I have an answer to right now,” Harris said.
appears to provide the resources needed to advance their project. Christen Boas-Hayes ’16, co-
The fund was created to be both a vehicle and incentive for innovative thinking related to building a diverse and inclusive community.
‘FIRE letter,’ continued from page 1 and social activity until it undergoes an educational training session and develops new recruitment and social hosting plans. Chopp further argued that the administration’s actions should not be interpreted as punishment. Thus, the school did not need to formally charge Phi Psi of breaching any policy. “The College did not discipline Phi Psi for their distribution of the publication in question, nor did it charge them with violating any of Swarthmore’s policies,” wrote Chopp. “Rather, in the context of what many of our community members viewed as an example of the fraternity’s lack of understanding about how such images may be perceived by the community — and women in particular — the college believed it appropriate that the fraternity learn more about the college’s policies and procedures concerning sexual harassment and sexual violence.” Samantha Harris, FIRE’s director of speech code research and the author of the organization’s letter to Swarthmore, was dissatisfied with Chopp’s response. “It really didn’t address the issues that we raised. She says that the college did not discipline Phi Psi or charge them with violating any of Swarthmore’s policies,” Harris said in an interview with The Phoenix. “It didn’t charge them with violating any of Swarthmore’s policies but according to Swarthmore’s own policy guidelines, educational sanctions are a form of sanctions.” Danielle Charette ’15, a member of the Swarthmore Independent, a conservative and libertarian campus magazine and blog that informed FIRE about the school’s decision to reprimand Phi Psi, was also unconvinced. “She confirms FIRE’s accusations that Phi Psi has broken no policy but must be educated about college policies anyway,” Charette said. “She argues that Phi Psi failed to consider how others would interpret the flyers. Suddenly, speech on campus is subject to others’ subjective interpretation, which sets a dangerous precedent.”
Administrators insist that this is not a disciplinary action. “We’re not seeing this as punishment,” said Lili Rodriguez, the dean of diversity, inclusivity, and community development, who oversees Greek life. Dean of Students Liz Braun agreed with Chopp that the school’s response was meant to be educational in nature. “The educational process is about the students’ total experience here on campus. It’s not just in the classroom,” she said. “I see what’s happening here as an extension of that.” In the Judicial Policies and Procedures chapter of the student handbook, the school has a “disciplinary sanctions” section. “Educational requirements” are included in that section. But Rodriguez said that what Phi Psi is undergoing is better thought of in the same way that the school would approach a conflict between two roommates who have a heated discussion in which one student made a stereotypical comment about a marginalized group. Rodriguez said the school would call those students in and “ask them to meet with a mediator so that they continue to live together peacefully.” “Would that be considered a punishment?” she said. But Preston Cooper ’15, who also writes for the Swarthmore Independent, argued that what the administration did goes beyond the educational approach administrators profess to be following, citing the school’s decision to suspend the organization’s ability to recruit or host events as evidence. “If the administration came forward with something like, ‘Okay Phi Psi, we want you to attend some sensitivity training,’ then I think that would be okay,” Cooper said. “But the severity of the sanctions taken against them really necessitates the administration pointing to a concrete breach in policy.” In her response letter, Chopp tied the decision to suspend recruitment activity and event hosting to “multiple concerns,” though she declined to delve into specific details.
LIVING & ARTS
OCTOBER 24, 2013 PAGE 5
Taking the trophy wife back off the shelf
Modern masculinity in crisis was all the rage with networks last season (“Work It” followed men who dressed as women to get jobs, “Guys with Kids” featured guys with kids), and this year studios didn’t buck the trend, implementing another round of ensemble comedies about the struggles of be-
ALLISON HRABAR AMPERSAND CULTURE ing a middle class man in America (“We Are Men” centers on a group of divorced men, “Dads” on racist and unemployed fathers moving in with their younger sons). Having seen some of those shows, and having read much of their scathing press coverage, I was not optimistic about ABC’s new show “Trophy Wife.” I knew nothing about the show, but the title was more than enough to turn me off. “Trophy Wife” sounded like it would be yet another show about a man in the midst of a mid-life crisis. The show might be called “Trophy Wife,” but instinct told me it would follow the lead of past sitcoms and focus on the husband as his new wife clashed with his catty and bitter exes in the background. You can imagine my surprise when I sat down to watch “Trophy Wife” and discovered that the show is almost as good as its title is terrible. It has a winning cast, with romantic comedy staple Malin Akerman (“The Proposal”, “27 Dresses”) bringing some genuine charm as the titular trophy wife, and Bradley Whitford (“The West Wing”, “Cabin in the Woods”) conquering the Herculean task of
Courtesy of glamour.com
making husband Pete seem like he’s not a total slime ball. The show made the smart choice to make Pete a well-adjusted and charming man who happens to have some ex-wives and children, rather than a man in a crisis that can only be solved by a young blonde. It also swiftly introduces those wives and children to Kate rather than drawing out the reveal: she meets Pete when she breaks his nose at a karaoke bar and is greeted by the entire family when she escorts him to the hospital. The show also challenges typical portrayals of young women maturing into adults. The first
two episodes center on Kate’s attempts to become an active part of the family, and she succeeds and fails in ways you wouldn’t expect. While trying to bond with teenage stepdaughter Hillary, she unwittingly provides a tip on how to smuggle vodka past adults, and disastrously attempts to hide her mistake from Pete’s first wife while still playing the parent. Kate’s continuing struggle to act like a parent instead of a beloved babysitter is at the center of the show, and it’s delightful to watch this bubbly and smart woman try to adjust, at the drop of a hat, to her newfound responsibility for a husband and his three children.
So, yes, I enjoyed a television show called “Trophy Wife” and plan to continue watching it. I expected to have exactly the opposite reaction, since my main criticisms of popular media are often centered on didactic and damaging portrayals of women. I fully expected “Trophy Wife” to be yet another show which used an attractive young woman as a prop in order to tell the story of an older man’s struggles. But like the similarly unfortunately titled “Cougar Town” before it, “Trophy Wife” seems determined to undermine audience expectations, and chooses to focus on the relationships between its three female
Shutdown panic sweeps campus, newspapers spared
bWith furloughed employees recently returning to their jobs now that the shutdown has come to an end, and America struggling to return to a semblance of normality, few would expect a new shutdown to be looming on the horizon. But in December, what will be the winter of our discontent, the Swarthmore
VICTOR GOMES THE SALTY SWATTIE Board of Directors will reconvene to discuss divestment. Mountain Justice, the student group leading the divestment campaign and the campaign against mountaintop removal, has been pressuring the board to divest. If the two cannot reach a compromise, then an emergency order goes into effect: funding will be pulled from different groups and services, especially those deemed non-essential. Although speculations run rampant, no one knows for sure what services will be pulled if the shutdown goes into effect. Most students seem to suspect that shuttle funding will be pulled first, leaving residents of Mary Lyon, PPR, and Strath Haven to their own devices. The residents of those dorms had little to say, only that they wouldn’t stand, much
less walk, for it. “If the shuttles are cancelled, then it can be fully expected that many of the residents will develop an usversus-them mentality in respect to non-residents, due to a psychological process known as cognitive disso-
Opponents of defunding sports team argue that it would leave the fencing, rugby, and ultimate Frisbee teams with nothing to do except hook up at Paces. nance,” said a freshman who scored a three on the AP Psych exam. What can be expected with absolute certainty is that ML and PPR residents
are going to get shit about it all week, as though the residents don’t already know that living in those dorms is bad enough. There is also speculation that the sports programs will be shut down, about which most students seem to be apathetic. This would also close Ware Pool, which would mean an end to the swimming test requirement, making the upcoming freshman classes more susceptible to drowning in their own tears. Proponents of defunding sports teams argue that they are an unnecessary expenditure for a college such as Swarthmore, while opponents argue against defunding on the grounds that it would leave the fencing, rugby, and ultimate Frisbee teams with nothing to do except hook up at Paces. The student radio station, WSRN, is also likely to be affected, as they haven’t reported more than a single listener since they instituted their no hotboxing rule. There is no word as of yet on whether the fraternities and sororities will be defunded, because no
leads rather than on the man they have in common. If I had done my research before watching, I would have known that “Trophy Wife” was going to defy expectations. It was cocreated by Sarah Haskins, a selfdescribed feminist who drew from her own experience of marrying a man two decades older than herself. Haskins and co-creator Emily Halpern have repeatedly said that they want “Trophy Wife” to challenge expectations and ideas of what a show with that title — and of what trophy wives themselves — can be. And if the first episodes are any indication, they’re succeeding.
Photo Illustration by Parker Murray
one in the administration possesses the tri-co student IDs required to get inside the frats and shut them down. It has been suggested that a student lackey of the administration could go in first to see what mark the frats are using that night, and then meet up with an administrator and copy that mark onto his or her hand. But the last time this plan was attempted Rebecca Chop ended up waiting outside the frat houses all night, only to see the lowly student she had hired leave drunkenly with a Bryn
Mawr girl. Insiders claim that Sharples is also likely to be defunded, although they made it clear that this was not due to the budget problem but to an overall lack of interest. Luckily for truth and journalism, the Phoenix and Daily Gazette are not under threat of being shut down, partially due to the immvense distractions they serve to the community at large, but mostly due to the fact that their writers, reporters, photographers, and editors aren’t paid.
LIVING & ARTS
OCTOBER 24, 2013
SWAT STYLE SNAPSHOT I wanted to take the opportunity to try something a little different this week, and get out of my comfort zone. Typically, I tend to focus on women’s fashion, but there are quite a few fashionable men around campus, and it is time that they get recognized! This week, I spotted Alex Jimenez, a sophomore from California, rocking a particularly striking look on his way to class. I am always taken aback when I see a Swattie who is dressed up for class, so I had to get the scoop on his fashion inspiration.
ELLE LARSEN OVERDRESSED ELLE Elle Larsen: How would you describe your style in 3 words? Alex Jimenez: Preppy, spontaneous, clean-cut. EL: Do you have a favorite trend at the moment? AJ: The shawl collar sweater is really trendy right now, and I think it is perfect for the fall. EL: What is one fashion faux pas that you hate? AJ: White socks. Unless I’m lounging around my house or running cross country, I’ve always had an aversion to white socks. I find them tacky. And neon colors. EL: What are your fall staple items? AJ: Hmm...The aforementioned shawl collar sweater is widespread in my fall wardrobe, with slight variations depending on the ensemble. However, I usually have a few staple colors during the fall: wines, oranges, and Fair Isle print. EL: What style advice would you give to other guys at Swarthmore? AJ: Try. I think Swarthmore values the “I have so much work and no time for anything else” look, and I’ve definitely seen guys sport the occasional trendy sweater. Tapered jeans and the occasional collared shirt or polo is all it takes.
Alex Jimenez ’16
Preppy, spontaneous, clean-cut
What caught my eye about Jimenez’s look was his bold pairing of a lavender shirt and maroon chinos. It is not a color combination that I see often, but it was refreshing and eye-catching. It reminded me of a take on the color-blocking trend. I also love this fashionisto’s addition of the blazer. The structure of the piece lends itself well to an academic setting, and there is something to be said for a student who dresses up for class. A blazer makes a great impression, and demonstrates that he takes his academic pursuits seriously. However, the lavender plaid print of the blazer keeps it from feeling stuffy, and balances the look out with cool vibes. Although they are available at many major department stores, the best blazers I have seen are in local thrift shops. They are often funkier and have more character. I have also seen great blazers for men at J. Crew for a bit more money, but they are well-made and wear well. Jimenez carries the “academic look” through with the addition of the thick-rimmed glasses. Not only do the glasses add to the studious look, but they are so on-trend right now. This demonstrates Jimenez’s ability to keep his look current while still staying true to his personal style. Jimenez rounds out his classy look with a pair of neutral oxfords. They are simple yet sophisticated, and pull this outfit together flawlessly. My final bit of fashion advice to Swatties this week echoes the sentiments of my friend, Jimenez. It is so easy to get sucked into the cycle of “eat, class, sleep, repeat” here at Swarthmore, and we tend to neglect ourselves, especially on the fashion front. I swear by the mantra of “look good, feel good.” Take a little extra time this week to put on something special, and let it set the tone for your day. ONE SIMPLE CHANGE
Sadie Rittman / The Phoenix
To take this look from the classroom to a night on the town, simply swap out the blazer and glasses, which give off an academic vibe, for something more playful, like a fedora. One of my favorite fedoras is by Tommy Bahama and can be found at Nordstom.
OCTOBER 24, 2013
THE PHOENIX LIVING & ARTS
HUMANS OF SWAT SINAN KAZAKLAR
Coining culture By NITHYA SWAMINATHAN Living & Arts Writer
Earlier this week, I walked into a busy, bustling Paces Café to chat with Sinan Kazaklar ’14. Sitting at a booth, he looked like he was in his element, comfortable and self-possessed. You may know him for his Turkish coffee nights, which take place every Tuesday at Paces, but Kazaklar is also intensely involved at the cafe as Financial Director this year. When Kazaklar first came to Swarthmore from Istanbul, he did not expect finance to be in his future. “When I was in high school, I wanted to study medicine,” he explained. “So when I got to Swarthmore, I took a bunch of natural science classes and was pre-med. In my freshman year, I took Introduction to Economics and really liked it, and then decided to continue with that. I finished all my requirements for pre-med by the end of sophomore year but decided not to apply to medical school.” Having abandoned the prospect of medical school, Kazaklar chose to escape the Swarthmore bubble for a year at the London School of Economics, where he studied finance and economics. Although Swat’s collaborative atmosphere marked a positive change from his competitive high school, he missed the bustle and accessibility of a large city like Istanbul. After serving as Student Academic Mentor in his sophomore year and feeling the pressure of serving an entire hall, Kazaklar decided to spend a year abroad so that he could really appreciate his last year on campus. Now back on campus, he is able to appreciate the slightly more relaxed atmosphere that differentiates Swarthmore from a large city. “I missed the bar culture and the accessibility of a city that I really enjoyed in London,” he said. “I thought London would be like New York, but it was so different — much more European, eclectic and historic. I enjoyed living in a cosmopolitan city and meeting people from all over the continent. Being from Istanbul, it wasn’t very hard for me to adapt to the European culture, which is sort of universal. Of course, it’s always hard to go to a new place and make new friends, but I got used to it fairly quickly.” Indeed, Kazaklar himself exerts an air of internationality, having spent his time in a variety of places. A year in London allowed him to travel around Europe occasionally while getting accustomed to being a Londoner. He has also spent summers doing research at Swarthmore as well as working back home in Istanbul. Last year, he spent his summer at Goldman Sachs in London, interning with sales and training. Despite the long hours and rigorous schedule, the experience was intensely challenging and Kazaklar had a rewarding time. Working in investment banking allowed him to keep up with markets around the world, work on his interpersonal skills and keep his technical skills up to par. “Part of why I chose Swarthmore was the challenge, and that’s what I really liked about my internship. In the ten weeks I worked at Goldman Sachs, I learned more than I did at my finance class at LSE,” he said. Next year, Kazaklar is ready to return to the world of investment banking at Goldman Sachs and is going to work at the Emerging Markets Sales desk in London. As a confused sophomore, I asked Kazaklar how he made the transition from pre-med to finance, and how he decided what to major in. “What I found out through my career search and my internships is that it doesn’t matter what you major in,” he reassured me. “What counts is how open you are to different experiences and how well you deal with the responsibilities you are given. The way I see it, higher education is meant to teach you how to learn, and you can learn the actual material you need to at your job.” Kazaklar also recalled what Paces Café was like his freshman year, when not as many people frequented the space. As part of a five-person team, he has watched Paces grow and transform from a space that was totally dependent on school funding to a business that now makes a profit on food every week. Having established a presence at Paces, he thought Turkish coffee would be an interesting addition to the menu, especially since he used to casually make coffee for his friends. For now, you can find Kazaklar there every Tuesday, or at the Admissions Office where he works as an International Recruitment Intern.
From top to bottom, Jasper Haoyu Wang, Tyler Alexander, Jasper Haoyu Wang / The Phoenix
LIVING & ARTS
OCTOBER 24, 2013
Demystifying the facts and myths of scissoring
Courtesy of Politiken.dk
This one time at Pub Nite, I was playing Kings with the women’s rugby team. Someone pulled the card where we had to do a mini version of “Never Have I Ever” and one
LAINA CHIN Sex and the Swattiie girl said something about sex. “How do you define sex?” I asked. Her response? “Like all the way.” “No, but what does that mean? Like—” “Oh, scissoring counts!” WOAH. I was slightly baffled, but pretty amused at the same time. “Scissoring is NOT a thing,” I tipsily shouted across the table, “It’s a myth!” I’m not even sure how scissoring would work. I mean, I think scissoring, I think … two pairs of scissors … perpendicularly trying to cut each other...and then the scissor blades are supposed to be the … legs and … it just doesn’t sound appealing (or comfortable!) at all. It’s kind of like in the fourth grade when I tried to make my Barbie dolls have sex with each other and their parts didn’t fit. The only way I could make Ken’s smooth, subtle bulge even
close to coming in contact with the impressively flat space between Barbie’s legs was if I turned one of them sideways. But that’s not how sex works … is it? To be fair, Barbie’s permanently etched-on panties and Ken’s lack of manhood (so to speak) make it rather difficult for them to have sex. Also, it must be incredibly complicated to fuck someone when both parties involved are incapable of bending (or, for that matter, spreading) their legs. Just saying. Anyway, what am I trying to explain here? Oh right! Scissoring isn’t real. Except then something happened that made me question my previous stance on the supposed (or not so supposed) sex act. I was flying back after spending my fall break at home, and in the midst of pretending to do my Poli Sci reading, I heard one of the flight attendants tell the penis next to me that the satellite was broken so the penis couldn’t watch some sports game, but that to compensate all of the movies would be free. Now obviously I had to take advantage of this opportunity and decided to give The Real L Word a try.
Surprisingly, there wasn’t a whole lot of nudity/sex. I probably would have been slightly more disappoint-
I was ready to write about how not real scissoring was. But if the lesbians on The Real L Word do it...Maybe I had the wrong idea. Maybe it wasn’t like two Barbies attempting sex after all. ed about that were I not on an airplane sitting next to a complete and utter stranger, accompanied by his
girlfriend. Gross. Anyway, maybe that was just the less inappropriate, less awkward airplane cut. ANYWAY, I got pretty into it. And then, what do ya know! They started talking about scissoring. This one girl, Lauren (she was really pretty and had pink-ish blonde hair...kind of), was saying that she loooved it, and then I believe it was Kiyomi (the quintessence of lesbian beauty, if I do say so myself) who was not as big a fan. (Side note: they were also super attracted to each other … I wonder, if they ended up fucking, do you think they scissored?) I gotta say, it was pretty frickin’ convenient that the satellite wasn’t working. And that they had The Real L Word. And that I watched it. What a relevant coincidence! It’s funny, because I was so ready to write about how not real scissoring was. But like, if the lesbians on TRLW do it … I decided to take another gander at the idea of scissoring not being a myth. Because, you know, maybe I had the wrong idea. Maybe it wasn’t like two Barbies attempting sex after all. And I was pretty surprised at what I found …
Apparently, scissoring is sometimes used as an umbrella term for all forms of “tribadism” or “tribbing”, which is basically one chick rubbing her vulva against some part of the other person’s body, according to Wikipedia. But it may also involve fingering or some sort of dildo. Also the chick can rub her vulva against inanimate objects too and it’s still scissoring, as long as it’s to receive sexual pleasure. By these generous standards, a lot of innocent people out there, lesbians or not, have scissored unknowingly. But there is also a scissoring position. And that is the awkward Barbie-and-Ken, two-pairs-of-scissors, one-person-lying-awkwardly-onher-side sort of deal. Sooo what does this all mean? Is there a happy medium between the sweeping generalization of scissoring and the scissoring position? Is scissoring, in fact, something that people do? Is it exclusive to lesbians? I personally hold my stance that scissoring isn’t real. Now obviously I can’t make a huge sweeping generalization and say that nobody scissors, because that’s just as bad as the sweeping generalization that everybody does.
As Britney flops, waiting and hoping for Lady Gaga I’m people-watching from the window of a Starbucks in Center City Philadelphia. After seeing some of the stylistic choices of Philadelphia’s residents, I figured
COLE TURNER On the Top 40 I had two choices: gag myself with my teabag to prevent making a show of my laughter, or complain about Lorde’s inability to spell despite her superior New Zealander education. She just doesn’t seem to want to stop. It’s almost as if she’s taking a hint from Miley Cyrus. The more I hear “Royals,” the more it annoys me. Lorde isn’t even old enough to rent a hotel room, let alone trash it. The only buzz she’s ever experienced is the field trip she took last week to visit beekeepers. You know you’re a poser in the music industry when your mother has to hand you your fanmail to alleviate your bad grade
in your literature class. Miley Cryus’s “Wrecking Ball” has remained in the top two. I can tolerate that only based on my desire to take a wrecking ball to the Sharples configuration. The pileups in the ice cream line, like the “bomb shelter” signs scattered about Philadelphia’s city hall— left over from the Cold War Era— are reminders of our recent past. The rest of the top ten has, for the most part, remained the same since the last time I made my way to the Billboard chart’s website. So, I’ll comment on a few other goings-on in the music industry. “Work Bitch” STILL hasn’t hit the top ten. It’s been a while since you’ve flopped this hard, Britney. The fact that “Hold It Against Me” debuted at number 1 while “Work Bitch” died outside the top ten vine makes less sense than Kate Winslet doing glamor photography for Vogue magazine. “Do What U Want” restored my faith in Lady Gaga more than
Courtesy of Billboard.com
the album tracks on “Born This Way.” When my boyfriend played “Applause” for me, we laughed in unison and held a moment of
silence to reflect on the eminent death of Gaga’s career. Her new album, due to drop on 11/11, might just transform from “Chartflop”
to “Artpop” at this rate. Let’s just hope that “Venus,” the upcoming promotional single, is the fire of our desires.
And the Nobel Prize goes to...
“The journeys that have brought each of us here have been long and varied.” - Ada Yonath (2009, Chemistry) This article is not about the challenges that women face when pursuing elite STEM (Science Technology Engineering and Math) careers. This article is about remembering
KAILYN WITONSKY xx ON SCIENCE some of the words spoken by women whose stories seem forgotten, or simply untold. This article patches together snippets of conversation and quotation, rooted ultimately in voice. That is, fifteen voices. The fifteen voices of the fifteen women to ever win a Nobel Prize in a science field. Every story needs a background, and the background for this one lies in statistics. There have been 566 Nobel Laureates to win in a science division (physics, chemistry, or medicine/physiology), and 16 have been women (Marie Curie has been awarded twice). In the 21st century 5 women have won a Nobel Prize in a science field. And while we know these women by their accomplishments, or perhaps not at all, they are not defined by their work or their words.
THE PHOENIX LIVING & ARTS
OCTOBER 24, 2013
Because a complete understanding of who each of these women was is not possible in this column, we will have to suffice with a small collection of what they said and did. These winners were tough, they were resilient, and they were passionate. Before WWII Maria Goeppert Mayer (1963, Physics) took an unpaid position at Columbia University after being rejected from paying jobs elsewhere. Irene Joliot Curie (1935, Chemistry) died from leukemia, like her mother. Gertrude Elion (1988, Medicine) graduated from her undergraduate college when she was 19. Gerty Theresa Cori (1947, Medicine) refused to give up her research until the last few months of her life. Neither of Rosalyn Yalow’s (1977, Medicine) parents attended high school. Ada Yonath (2009, Chemistry) began working to feed her family when she was eleven. Rita LeviMontalcini (1986, Medicine), after being turned away from medicine for her Jewish heritage in 1938, created her own lab in her bedroom, adapting household tools for use as lab equipment. Two of the more recent winners were Francoise Barre-Sinoussi (2008) and Elizabeth H. Blackburn (2009) both winning the Nobel
Prize for Medicine. There was no lack of challenge for these winners, and some of their words about these challenges can accompany us on our day-today routines. To the Swattie taking a class in a field they have never before explored: “Nothing in life is to be feared. It is only to be understood” (Curie). When the night transitions from late to early as you pull your first all-nighter: “I never see what has been done; I only see what remains to be done” (Curie). Marie Curie was the first and second woman to receive a Nobel Prize, earning it in Physics in 1903 and in Chemistry eight years later. She literally gave her life to her work, dying from exposure to radioactivity. It is rumored that the lab notebooks she used remain radioactive to this day. In her banquet speech, Linda B. Buck (2004, Medicine) recognized her desire to overcome a challenge of her gender: “As a woman in science, I sincerely hope that my receiving a Nobel Prize will send a message to young women everywhere…” Barbara McClintock finally won a Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1983 after a long period during which
she did not receive the recognition she deserved. Referring to this oversight in her banquet speech, she said: “Instead of causing personal difficulties, this long interval proved to be a delight. It allowed complete freedom to continue investigations without interruption, and for the pure joy they provided.” McClintock found beauty in her challenge, and similarly, while difficulties may have marked the lives of these Nobel Award winners, the most abundant quotations are those that ring of the importance of acting, and not simply applying or using knowledge. To the Swattie who has worked with another, taught another, and attended a Collection: “The ideas generated are not always the result of one person’s thoughts but of the interaction between people; new ideas quickly become part of collective consciousness. This is how science moves forward and we generate new knowledge.” — Carol Greider (2009, Medicine) To the Swattie who has had a rewarding and difficult class: “Another thing I would like to say: although the work we did was often tedious and sometimes frustrating, it was generally great fun and a deep pleasure and joy to get an understanding to what seemed initially to
be a great mystery.” — Christiane Nusslein-Volhard (1995, Medicine) Rosalyn Yalow in her banquet speech suggested something that may resonate with a Swattie dedicated to social justice issues: “Even as we envision and solve scientific problems — and put men on the moon — we appear ill-equipped to provide solutions for the social ills that beset us. We bequeath to you, the next generation, our knowledge but also our problems.” But, even amid work, sometimes we need to occasionally stop and smell the roses. To the Swattie taking a pseudo-spare second to take a walk through the Crum: “My breath is quite taken away by the succession of impressions, this beautiful city and this beautiful golden byzantine hall, the meeting with very many old friends, and the making of very many new ones, […] all of this makes it difficult for me to stop and be serious at all.” - Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1964, Chemistry) On this campus, writing papers and taking tests, we learn to use and apply the knowledge we obtain, and as we begin to act on this knowledge we can remember the words of Gertrude Elion (1988, Medicine): “The world was not waiting for me.”
35. Big name coming to campus in April 37. First name of “Pink Friday” rapper/singer 38. Amanda Bynes’ current state 41. Great Phi Psi party, Swat _____ 42. How one might describe the weather in Pennsylvania 43. Sandy or Rita, en Français 46. Like a peach in Sharples, perhaps 52. Omnipresent name on campus 55. Disease you might acquire from a walk in the Crum 57. With double, blind, or Sharples 58. Emergent or budding
61. “Hella thick I wanna smash ‘em all, now speed up, ____ pedal” 62. To whom you pay a visit when your macbook isn’t working 63. Arboreal pride of Lebanon, or tree that makes great planks for cooking salmon 64. Small liberal arts college in PDX 65. How one might describe white pants, late dinners, and calling soccer “football” 66. What one might don at the Yule Ball 67. Apple pie à la ______ 68. West of Danawell 69. Everyone’s seem to be tearing
this semester, especially among the soccer and rugby teams 72. You won’t get much this winter if you’re living in the dorms 73. Range that stretches across eight European countries 75. How one might describe his or her memories from pass-fail semester 78. Takes longer to say than does “world wide web” 82. Home of Ben 10 and the Powerpuff Girls 83. “Next time that _____ cheats… Oh, you know it won’t be on me” 84. One of a sixpack, if you work out
BY ZOË FRANK
ACROSS 2. With, in Marseille 5. White House canine 8. What one Swarthmore men’s basketball player might pass to another 10. Worth diagnosis, informally 14. Auditing agency 15. One cycle is never enough 18. Host of superior parties, until recently 20. Some get it in mad quantities 22. FAO Schwarz purchases 24. Not quite Las Vegas, but close 25. Something to attach to 7-down 27. O. Ebose, for example 28. Game caller 30. Requires an alumnus and a minor, among others 32. What one might find in Beardsley 35. High lottery number consequence, perhaps 36. Doesn’t want to bond 38. Famous redheaded sidekick 39. “____ long as you love me” 40. Cheated us out of an hour last year 44. Container for ashes 45. Preliminary submission in Bio 1 or Intro to Ed 47. Former resident of Krypton, first name 48. Rath 49. First name of american environmentalist and former politician who invented the internet 50. Eastman _______ 51. Willy-_____ 53. Form of communication alternative to SMS, IM, or email 54. The Hoyt Arboretum has the world’s largest collection of it 56. The kind of discomfort Sharples so often causes 57. The happiest face in Sharples 59. Wore a towel and some duct tape to last year’s toga party 60. An old horse, or my grandmother asking me to do anything 62. The real reason you’ve put on those 20 pounds since move in day 68. Eloquent Swarthmore conser-
vative 70. Successor of the lira 71. Cranberry juice for some, beer for others 74. Concept you might have learned about from Steve Wavng 75. Ruthless Roman client king of Judea sometimes called Great 76. Basis of the Carnegie fortune 77. Web address 79. Illustrator, Bridge, and Dreamweaver, for example. 80. Often accompanied by Agent Orange 81. King of Papazian 85. Newton meters per second 86. What a certain mustachioed Chem 10 professor asks not to be called DOWN 1. What one does on Cornell 3rd 3. Nissan _____ 4. Rocks a pixie cut around Parrish 5. One of a north African, traditionally-nomadic ethnic group 6. Channing Tatum’s character in the actual 12th Night, with Duke 7. So dorky, but so convenient 9. It’s always single at Swarthmore 11. They’re not here to clean up your shit 12. Bill that provided a range of benefits to WWII vets 13. Spike Magazine genre 16. Does anyone read this? 17. Disorientation beverage 19. Wednesday night disappointment 21. Martin’s resident badass 23. __ to Joy or to a Nightingale 24. Initials of a certain dean with an office in Parrish 1st east 26. You certainly won’t find it in Sharples anymore 27. London gallery, with Modern 29. Material many people wear to Sharples on Sunday morning 31. Younger sister of Khloe, Kim, and Kourtney 33. Circuits with resistors and conductors 34. The perpetual state of the tables in Sharples
Punishment is punishment
We are not arguing that what the administration has done in punishing Phi Psi is wrong. But it is unclear what rule, exactly, they are accusing the fraternity of breaking. Did their actions break standing anti-harrassment policies, which require that harrassment be “directed at individuals or groups?” Or was Phi Psi’s punishment warranted by the catchall hidden at the end of the student handbook, which says that an “unreasonably offensive behavior does not need to be expressly prohibited in this policy” to be punishable? The administration should be up-front with the student body about its policies. These policies should be clearly articulated. Actions taken by the administration, such as punishments, should also be made clear. The administration is doing basically the right thing, but we worry that they have been insufficiently transparent. It is deceptive to reprimand an organization and claim that it is not punishment. College policy can shape our community only if our community understands college policy. If the administration wants to punish organizations, if it wants to mandate educational workshops, it is fully within its rights to do so. But its reasons for taking these actions should be clear. The administration should solidify its policies, and stand by them.
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Sean Langberg and Katy Lindquist contributed to the production of this piece.
RM EFO R D LAN
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the Kivus, while also pressuring the Congolese government to cooperate with international courts and participate in good-faith regional negotiations. Advocacy on the DRC has traditionally orbited between two primary entry points: conflict minerals and sexual violence. Though minerals and sexual violence are parts of the equation in DRC, they by no means constitute a holistic picture. We must ask ourselves, then, why these two narratives of the violence in DRC continue to persist? There are of course many answers to consider, but perhaps the driving motivation for the prevalence of these narratives is their relatability to our daily lives. The challenges of DRC advocacy in the future then becomes making the complex roots of violence relatable to advocates, and broadening the policy scope while focusing on targeted results. To be clear, there are numerous laudable advocacy organizations and initiatives that are already advancing an agenda that will benefit DRC and civilians targeted by violence. Incorporating these initiatives into the mainstream, diversifying media coverage, and prioritizing expert voices are potential next steps. There are no easy answers, but continuing to ignore deep forces at work in DRC in favor of simple narratives of violence will not only fail to improve the situation in eastern DRC, but risks making the realities on the ground worse.
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minerals mined in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) make their way into our electronics. Drawing on personal experience in DRC, Gettleman paints a vivid picture of what he perceives violence to look like on the ground, while simultaneously offering a history of Congo since King Leopold and an overview of conflict mineral legislation in the United States — all in less than 1000 words. The article adopts an all too familiar “Western explorer in Africa” narrative. As an intrepid outsider, Gettleman is shocked by the danger and chaos. Based on the article, Congolese are mere stereotypes: helpless villagers, brainwashed child soldiers, or greedy opportunists. However, Gettleman’s position as a Westerner allows him to (supposedly) see the reality hidden from the ignorant Congolese. The first half of the article reads like an adventure story in order for the reader to fully appreciate the danger Gettleman faces. He goes out of his way to describe the utter poverty and hopelessness of the situation. Gettleman then extrapolates from his experiences with a few child soldiers and a corrupt mining official over the course of a day that minerals must be the most important cause of conflict in a homogenous eastern DRC.
Letters should be a minimum of 250 words and may not exceed 500 words. Op-eds are a minimum of 500 words and may not exceed 750. Letters and op-eds must be submitted by 10 p.m. on Monday, and The Phoenix reserves the right to withhold letters and op-eds received after that time from publication.
DANIEL HIRSCHEL-BURNS THE WIDENING LENS
“The Price of Precious” is just one link in a long chain of simplistic understandings of Africa. Unlike Gettleman and many others who write about DRC, we take a different approach. While so-called “conflict minerals” certainly play a role in the conflict and grassroots advocacy efforts are morally commendable, a broader strategy is needed. For years, academics and other experts have rightly pushed a multiscale agenda that addresses primary, secondary, and tertiary conflict drivers under the umbrellas of governance, security, sovereignty, and justice. Conceptually, there exists a dynamic and intersectional pyramid of violence. At the local level, land conflicts and equitable access to resources must be prioritized alongside the expansion of mobile courts and local reconciliation projects to address injustices and sexual violence perpetrated within communities. At the regional level, the dozens of armed groups operating in eastern DRC must be addressed separately, attending to the specific grievances and histories of each group. Specifically, the M23 rebellion must be addressed through sustained diplomacy, economic pressure, and smart peacekeeping. At the national level, President Kabila and his administration must increase their accountability by facilitating free and fair elections and drastically reforming the security sector to improve the command and control of state soldiers and police. At the international level, immense pressure must be put on Rwanda to end its support of all armed groups in
All comments posted online and all op-eds and letters must be signed and should include the writer’s full name.
In his article “The Price of Precious,” which recently appeared in National Geographic’s October issue, Jeffrey Gettleman attempts to tell the story of how
Letters, opinion pieces and online comments represent the views of their writers and not those of The Phoenix staff or Editorial Board. The Phoenix reserves the right to edit all pieces submitted for print publication for content, length and clarity. The Phoenix also reserves the right to withhold any letters, op-eds or comments from publication.
Understanding the Democratic Republic of the Congo
RE GI O
With her October 21 response letter, President Chopp made it clear that the college would not be pushed by FIRE to change its policies or reconsider its actions with regards to Phi Psi. While we commend her decision to defend Swarthmore’s policies, we believe that her administration could do so more clearly and more emphatically. The administration has been sending mixed messages to students. In her October 8 letter to Phi Psi Members, Associate Dean for Diversity, Inclusion, and Community Development Liliana Rodriguez made it quite clear that the administration has elected to punish Phi Psi for various reasons. Despite this, Dean Rodriguez, in an interview with the Phoenix, says that “we are not seeing this as punishment.” Regardless of how it is spun, suspension of privileges is a form of punishment. Any claim to the contrary is false. This punishment is also explicitly linked to educational workshops. Phi Psi may only regain its lost privileges once it has attended these sessions, which are mandatory. Making education a condition of ending punishment makes it a part of the punishment. In denying that, the administration is, at the very least, sending mixed messages to the student body, and at worst lying outright.
OCTOBER 24, 2013 PAGE 10
RO DG E M AR
IT Y A BIL T N OU ACC
THE PHOENIX OPINIONS
OCTOBER 24, 2013
The case for a negative income tax In the current system, it is possible to be disqualified from assistance programs like Medicaid by virtue of being slightly
GREG NISBET HAVERBOY SPEAKS too rich. Since many benefits are lost completely instead of being gradually tapered down as income increases, earning an additional dollar can hurt people living near the poverty line, thus making poverty more difficult to escape overall. This phenomenon is called the poverty trap. I argue that these sorts of undesirable consequences can be avoided by combining transfer payments, entitlement programs and the income tax into a single system that pays households below the poverty line, and taxes households above it in a coherent fashion. If such a tax is flat, then we create an even more robust system that cannot be gamed by finding clever ways to postpone income into the future, even though we lose some of the benefits of progressivity. (We could also defeat such schemes by making the tax rate a function of net lifetime income, but that’s outside the scope of this article.) A negative income tax would
work by first adjusting a worker’s income by some allowance (the amount of income at which they owe nothing). A household owing a negative amount would receive money and a household owing a positive amount would pay it. There is some scope for making the system more progressive and aggressively subsidizing more extreme levels of poverty, but the core idea is simply to make redistribution of wealth more efficient, transparent, and measurable. Such a system makes it possible to redistribute wealth with lower tax rates than would otherwise be required, since money is never collected from and then returned to the same people, i.e. every household either pays into the system or collects from it. Collecting taxes at all distorts economic incentives and results in lost productivity roughly proportional to the amount of tax revenue collected. If we combine funding the government and subsidizing poverty into a single step, we can avoid unnecessary losses in productivity. There are other benefits as well. The poor are not divided into “deserving” and “undeserving”. Simply by virtue of being American, a poor person would
receive a subsidy sufficient to improve their standard of living. There would be no enrollment criteria, no enrollment process, and no lifetime caps on benefits. And since the form the system can take is more constrained, estimating the effects of policy changes would be much easier. The administrative benefits of a negative income tax come from merging the processes of determining income for tax purposes and for benefits purposes. This also makes benefits more accessible since there is no application process for receiving benefits. An applicant typically either qualifies or does not, without gradient degrees of qualification. Or the benefits might taper down, but be computed on the basis of pre-tax income, thus further discouraging an individual from earning slightly more (or perhaps encouraging fraud). If incremental progress is discouraged, it can be hard for people to escape poverty. If we use a negative income tax to redistribute large amounts of money in place of or in addition to in-kind benefits like medicine or food stamps, we enable recipients of government to spend the money on whatever benefits them the most without dividing
The challenge of the ‘real world’ As everyone piles back into Swat after Fall Break, one of the most common conversation topics, apart from how nobody got
NEHMAT KAUR DUNIYA SHUNIYA any work done, is how offensive people in the ‘real world’ can be. Stepping out of the Swat Bubble can be a relaxing as well as challenging experience. Every time I’ve ventured out, I’ve been served a rude reminder of the casual insensitivity and offensiveness that friends, family, and strangers exhibit on a daily basis. It’s not that Swarthmore is perfect; we’ve all had experiences that have proven that Swarthmore is not a haven safe from all social problems to ever exist. But one of the best things about Swarthmore is that it is an environment where you can feel entitled to call someone out for a problematic statement or opinion. In the real world though, we have to measure our words with more care, and take social context into account before we raise our voices. We’ve all been there, sitting in the living room when a family member or friend spurts out something homophobic or racist with no thought. If I were at Swarthmore, I wouldn’t think twice about correcting the person. But when I’m home or with a group of people I’ve just met, it is a harder decision to make. At Swarthmore, I know that I’m speaking to a pair of willing ears, but outside I may very well end up yelling at the human equiva-
lent of a wall, ultimately only succeeding in upsetting myself. If someone says something that directly applies to me, I usually speak up. This break, someone who knows that I’m Indian complimented me for my Middle Eastern hair, to which I replied that India is not in the Middle East. It was a simple, inoffensive interaction but also a tiny reminder of how I don’t, generally, need to correct simple geographic facts at Swarthmore. Later, I found myself in an uncomfortable social situation with a group of people who threw around homophobic and racist comments without pausing to think about what their words actually meant. Not only was it an uncomfortable experience for me, but I was genuinely surprised that one of this group was a gay man who was happy to play along with his straight friend’s homophobia. While I may have taken the liberty to point out something as problematic otherwise, this situation confused me because I knew the retort would inevitably be, “If my gay friend doesn’t have a problem with it, then why do you?” And then we’d get into an argument, and I’d find that I’d ruined my last few hours of fall break. At the time, the rational thing to do seemed to be to let it go and find a less offensive person to be around because I knew my words wouldn’t make any difference. I could let it go in that instance because I was comfortable in the knowledge that I’d soon return
to Swarthmore, and engaging in one argument right before I left would not change anything. But would the story have been any different if this group was a constant fixture of my life? I’m afraid that even then I would be forced to pick my battles, choosing to address blatantly problematic statements and letting the ‘small’ stuff go. How many minds could I possibly change with impassioned spiels and naggy whining? One of the things I love about Swarthmore is that it has taught me to speak up if I’m offended by someone’s actions or words, it has taught me that I have the right to do so. Another thing I love about Swarthmore is that when I’m here, I don’t need to exercise this right often. But when I spend time in the real world, with people who fling their words around, not necessarily realizing that what they’re saying has negative meaning for others, I find it hard to navigate the path between educating them and letting it go as a lost battle. Swarthmore has taught me how to explain to someone that a rape joke is unacceptable, but it has also made me forget what it’s like to deal with a man who won’t stop staring at you on the Delhi Metro. I don’t yet know how to get a friend to understand that he has no right to comment on a woman’s decision to stop shaving her legs. I can talk at him and give him a list of reasons but I also know that the things I say don’t get through to him and he thinks my words are a result of my “silly liberal arts education.”
food, medicine, transportation, gas, student loans, and heating into separate categories that are partially reimbursed separately if at all. Giving people highly restricted forms of pseudo-money, student aid for example, can lead
Giving money with no strings attached is a very effective way to redistribute power to the poor and increase their influence in the marketplace. to a huge price increase for that commodity since the recipients of aid cannot decide to use the income for a more productive purpose. If we make demand for certain commodities artificially high through subsidies, eventually price will start increasing faster than quantity.
There’s also the issue of power. For better or for worse, in a capitalist society money gives you the ability to shape, in some small way, how society is structured and encourages other people to care about your preferences. Giving highly restricted forms of money does not give people the ability to defer consumption, except to the extent that it allows them to substitute benefits for more liquid forms of income. In short, giving money with no strings attached is a very effective way to redistribute power to the poor and increase their influence in the marketplace. Certain forms of in-kind benefits we may wish to keep. Restricting the flexibility of certain benefits can result in economies of scale, as may be the case with socialized medicine or mandating particular kinds of insurance. Education should probably not be replaced with a transfer payment, since the parents’ and kids’ incentives do not always align. But, in general, we should be highly suspect of restrictive forms of government assistance, price controls, minimum wages, and other measures meant to benefit the poor without actually giving them cash unconditionally.
COVER THE ACTION The Phoenix is looking for sports writers! Sports reporters write weekly or bi-weekly stories or features about sports on and around campus. Contact Sports Editor Alec Pillsbury for more information at firstname.lastname@example.org
Photo courtesy of Swarthmore Athletics
OCTOBER 24, 2013 PAGE 12
SCOREBOARD Women’s Soccer Date
Goal by Emma Sindelar. Close game ultimately decided in overtime Goals by Emma Sindelar and Mele Johnson cinch win over tough league opponent A goal within the first five minutes set the pace for this strong showing by Swarthmore
#18 Men’s soccer Date
Courtesy of Swarthmore Athletics
Swim team cruises into season By EMMA KEEFE Sports Writer
With all the people-watching opportunities Sharples has to offer, one can’t help but recognize the swim team, even from a mile away. Adorned with wet hair and the occasional bloodshot eye or two, the men’s and women’s swim teams have eaten dinner together every weeknight since their season officially started in early October. During these group dinners the team not only bonds but also discusses the new strategies they hope to implement this season. Now that captain’s practices have concluded and coach’s practices have begun, the team is focusing on getting back in shape for the upcoming dual meets that start on October 30. With new administrative leadership and a clear understanding of what they need to focus on, the swim team is already off to a great start. As with other sports, the first few weeks of their season are geared toward getting the swimmers back in shape. Although this process can be lengthy for swim, the addition of their new assistant coach, Meredith Lange, has guided the team in the right direction. “Meredith brings a lot of expertise to the team because she’s been
a coach for long enough to know how to push us in the areas we’re weak in” Women’s captain, Eva Winter ’16 said. “Meredith writes most of the sets we do during the week, so it’s really her vision going into all of our practices.” In addition, Briana Shoenek ’17 commented on the new assistant coach’s approach toward strengthening their team. “Meredith is tough and assertive but in a good way. She doesn’t yell at you during practice, but she gives you constructive criticism on your stroke and tells you what to change in order to get better. She’s really helpful,” she said. Alongside these practices the team engages in inner-squad meets where the team captains split the men’s and women’s teams into two groups that race one another in particular events. “The inner squad meets give us a chance to see where everyone is at this point in our season,” Men’s captain John Flaherty said. “Although it’s important for the upperclassmen to try their best at these inner-squad events, it’s especially important for our freshman. We really want to see how they start off when they first come into college.” From these inner-squad scrimmages and during practices in
general, the swim team has seen the freshman class perform very well. Stan Le ’14 is excited about his team’s prospective performance for this season. “We have a strong core of freshmen and they’ve taken our team spirit very seriously.” He said. “More so than any other year, I feel like our freshmen are really involved with the team.” With dual meets right around the corner, the swim team hopes to outdo last year’s commendable performance of only losing 2 out of the 7 total meets. But more specifically, the team hopes to improve their placement in this year’s conference meet as opposed to last year’s in which they placed 5th out of 7 schools. “It’s all about working hard during the season now to be stronger later for conference meets” Flaherty said. “I think we slacked off a little bit which might not hurt us in the short run during dual meets, but hurts us in the long run for conferences.” When asked what could help his team’s performance, he concluded it was all about mindset. “As a swimmer, you should have the right mindset in yourself but you should also encourage your teammates not to slack off. If we stay focused during sets we should have a great season,” he said.
Jamie IvEY OUT OF LEFT FIELD Cup in Brazil have been chosen with the final places being filled up by the European play offs and a match between the Oceanic group and the North American/ Caribbean region. There is a brief chance right now to examine the teams that have gotten to the finals and to discuss their chances. What next year’s tournament is telling us already is that there are a number of dark horse teams that should be recognised as possible finalists. There will always be the obvious teams that will be given short odds to win: Spain as the current holders of the World Cup and Eu-
ropean Cup have to been seen as favourites with Germany close behind them, then there is the host Brazil that has an array of talent and home field advantage, while the traditional giants of Argentina, Holland and Italy will always be considered possible contenders for various reasons. England will be called a potential champion only by its own fans and press before being dumped out in the quarterfinals on a penalty shoot out yet again. There are teams that have qualified for this tournament that should be given more respect than they are currently. My favorite for the coming tournament is a team that has been climbing the rankings for the past three years and have been my go to team on FIFA for a while now: Belgium. Looking at Belgium there are a number
of world class players that could prove difficult for opposing teams to manage: Hazard, Benteke, Lukaku, Dembele, Chadli, Mertens… The list goes on to include a number of tall, athletic defenders and dangerous central midfielders including Fellaini and Witsel. This is a team that seems to have matured into a legitimate challenger for the World Cup with their individual talents combining into a decent team. The other European team I really like but don’t see going far is Switzerland. Switzerland has a lot of positives and in the last few years has produced a number of talented and physically impressive footballers. Their star is obviously Xherdan Shaqiri but there are many other players in the team that should be considered when thinking about their team. Half of
Goals from Jack Momeyer and David Geschwind
Women’s field hockey Date
Score Highlights L 1-6
Strong goal by Nia Jones with assist from Julia Thomas
Swarthmore kept McDaniel scoreless in the first half
Shots on goal from Aarti Rao, Anne Rosenblatt and Erin Gluck Goal from Erin Gluck
Women’s Volleyball Date
Franklin and L 0-3 Marshall
8 kills from Brone Lobichusky
Extremely close game decided by a 3 point margin
Exceptional win over nonleague rival
Great showing against a league opponent
What have we learned from the World Cup? So most of the teams that will be competing at next years World
Close game unfortunately decided by an early penalty kick Goals from Jack Momeyer, Mcwelling Trodman and Chris Lynn Goals from Jack Momeyer and Alec McClean
the Napoli midfield plays for Switzerland as well as Juventus’ right midfielder/right back Lichtsteiner and a number of distinctly average defenders. But they work well together as a team and managed to go undefeated in their group conceding just 6 goals in 10 games (4 of those against Iceland in one match). Switzerland might just stand a chance of getting out of the group stages and could prove to be a fun and interesting team to watch play. The last two teams I want to do well out of the teams that we know are qualified (therefore it is impossible to talk about the African teams) are the two South American nations of Chile and Colombia. Both of these teams like to attack and their primary tactic is to outscore the opposition. With players like Falcao, James Rodriquez, Vi-
Strong performance from Danielle Sullivan
dal and Sanchez on both of these teams there should be a number of goals in the games they will be involved in. One of these teams might do well enough to get to the semi-finals as Uruguay did at the last World Cup. Though there are a number of good teams already qualified for the Brazilian World Cup next summer there are a few that have been unfairly written off already because they don’t have the historical pedigree of some of the nations generally associated with football. But some of these nations genuinely stand a chance at doing something in this next competition and Belgium at the very least should be considered among the front runners while Chile and Colombia should be thought of as among the better teams plus if they get a bit of luck then anything could happen.