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Parivartan May 2014


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Indian Politicos with Criminal History

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Publisher & Managing Editor : Kulmit Singh Sangha

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Indian Elections

Editor (Canada) : Jasbeer Singh

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Editor (India): Prof. Kanwaljit Singh Dhudike √Î≈ BD, BE, BF”Â∂

Co-Editor (India) Amrit Kaur Ludhiana Special Thanks : Dr. Surjit Patar Baldev Singh ‘Sadaknama’ Jagroop Singh Jarkhar Design & Layout : Ravinder Kaur Sarghi Auvis Pro Printer : PRINTWELL OFFSET

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The Idea of India & Cry India Cry A Soldier’s Father

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Parivartan December 2013 Parivartan May 2014


A few years back, we learnt of many Canadians with origins in Lebanon, travelling to their motherland, only to cast their votes in the general elections taking place there. Some further exploration revealed that their airfare was being paid by one of political parties contesting elections. In other words, Jasbeer Singh

the cost of a return ticket to Lebanon was deemed a reasonable price of a vote.

We have also heard of many tales of electoral corruption in many parts of the world where façade of democracy is still main-

audio-visual media (TV) for their daily staple of news entertainment.

tained, but votes are paid for in cash or kind. In some places it

In order to cash in on this opportunity, India’s creative political

could be small amounts of money, bottles of liquor, drugs or a

and mediaschemers came out with a bold new strategy known as

promise of employment, business contract or some other accept-

‘Paid News’. One can have the news of one’s choice or slant,

able inducement. Such societies used to be looked down upon as

broadcast or published at any time, including the prime time, by

making a mockery of democracy.

paying the necessary price. Although it may not seem much differ-

With investments of a billion dollars or more, by each major

ent from very lucrative advertisement deals in popular sporting

party in the US presidential elections, it seemed that bombarding

telecasts but there is a crucial difference. In the case of advertise-

peoples’ minds with emotion-charged slogans or political mes-

ments, a business entity is seeking to attract the viewers’ atten-

sages was the latest electioneering tool in the hands of party strat-

tion to the corporate image or its products and induce the target

egists. Similar activities in Communist China, in Russia, in Iran or

audience to buy their goods or services. On the other hand, the

in Egypt, were often ridiculed and decried by the western leaders

political parties or the candidates are engaged in inducingand

and the media.

manipulating the viewers to vote for the party’s candidates, with-

India is in the midst of its national general elections and it seems

out doing due diligence as to their policies, priorities or programs.

all previous records of election spending, anywhere, will be

If one doesn’t like a brand of ‘cola’, one can easily switch to an-

eclipsed. It has been publicly stated that one of the best funded

other brand at the next shopping trip; but the same doesn’t hold

parties has spent as much as eight million dollars on setting and

true for a wrong choice on the ballot paper, one has to pay dearly

decorating a venue for its leader’s public address, and the num-

over the coming four or five year tenure of the government.

ber of such election theatres runs into hundreds. Perhaps, all such

It’s not without reason that the focus is on slogans and emo-

venues did not receive the same elaborate and regal arrange-

tionalism rather than on information, education, analysis and con-

ments but it’s not hard to visualize the level of extravagance and

sensus building. Such an approach cannot possibly be deemed

mass manipulation taking place in a country that is still struggling

consistent with the oft repeated simplistic definition of democracy

to provide clean and safe drinking water to its people.

– government of the people, for the people and by the people;

With hundreds of millions of the voters, unable to read or com-

because ‘the people’ are being induced to vote for money, other

prehend the coverage in the newspapers, it is understandable

material inducements, phoney promises, criticism of other par-

that large public gatherings may serve a useful purpose of reach-

ties and candidates or other forms of misinformation and ma-

ing out to the electorate and acquainting them with the party lead-


ership. However, at the end of the day, the people attending such

If ‘public service’ was the biggest motivating factor, the candi-

gatherings or rallies are not any better informed about the party

dates seeking elected offices would not pay unbelievably large

policies, priorities or how these may impact an average person in

sums of money to the party brass to be anointed or appointed as

terms of employment, clean administration, access to good edu-

candidates from any area. Such candidates could make much

cation, healthcare, justice, affordable housing or escape from hun-

stronger contributions towards public good by investing the same

ger and poverty; because nothing of substance is ever said.One

funds towards benevolent or philanthropic initiatives. The political

suspects, the main objective of such rallies is to build a momen-

parties could, in turn, invest such funds for programs or projects in

tum in favour of the party or its candidates. It is not in the interest of

public interest. Instead, the parties, seem focused on maximizing

the party or its leaders to inform or educate the masses, because

their income or revenue, and virtually auction the opportunities to

that could lead to people asking difficult and ticklish questions and

be MLAs or MPs, to the highest bidders, unmindful of their ques-

that may not be in the best interests of the party.

tionable background or antecedents. With the result, nearly a third

Lavish expenditure on such public gatherings is certainly very effective in mobilizing the masses but equally necessary is the manipulation of the largely urban voters that rely more on print or

of sitting MPs and MLAs of India were said to have been convicted of criminal offences. Not accused, but convicted. To be Continued page on 06


Parivartan May 2014

Sikh Com Stamps

The Uganda postal service Posta Uganda has commemorated 100 years of Sikh presence in the country by issuing four postage stamps releasing a book titled ‘The Human Rights of Women in Sikhism’, by Justice AS Choudry, in a function held at Resort Beach Hotel, Entebbe, recently. The four stamps depicted the gurdwara on Sikh Road, Kampala; the Khanda, the Nishan Sahib and the Golden Temple in Amritsar. This is the first time that a country has issued four triangular stamps in recognition of the contribution of the Sikh community. The stamps were released jointly by Posta Uganda and invited members of the Sikh community, with high court judge Lady Justice Catherine Bagumeriere as the chief guest. Chief of Posta Uganda Emmanuel Okurt said the triangular stamps would market Uganda to Asians. Justice Choudry said, “I am thrilled and humbled to see these stamps, as they mark our existence in Uganda over the last 100 years, and recognise the contribution of our forefathers, who were the pillars of the economic and social development of Uganda, which we enjoy today.” He has also edited the Sikh Centenary Magazine. Pastor Bosco Odiro said the Sikh history and contribution should be reflected in the curriculum of school history books. In reply, Lady Justice Catherine described the Sikhs as a “meek, humble and peaceful” community, which has existed alongside Ugandans without any conflict, adding that their character should be emulated by all foreigners in Uganda. she assured the audience that she would present the concern raised by Pastor Bosco to the ministry of education. The names of nearly 40 people were announced as winners of the Sikh Centenary Gold medals, which would be awarded at a function at the end of this year Participants included Gurmel Singh, secretary general of the UK Sikh Council, and Baldev Singh Bains, a member of the Sikh Council. The Sikhs came to East Africa in the 1880s as soldiers who offered skilled and semi-skilled labour at a time when the region had no infrastructure, and curbed Kabaka’s mutiny in 1899.

These practices set a high standard for young people . . . . . Japanese children clean their schools every day for a quarter of an hour with teachers. This led to the emergence of a Japanese generation who is modest and keen on cleanliness. Any Japanese citizen who has a dog must carry special bags to pick up dog droppings. Hygiene and their eagerness to address cleanliness is part of Japanese ethics. A hygiene worker in Japan is called “health engineer” and can command salary of USD 5000 to 8000 per month, and a cleaner is subjected to written and oral tests!! Japan does not have any natural resources, and they are exposed to hundreds of earthquakes a year, but this has not prevented its becoming the second largest economy in the world. In just ten years Hiroshima returned to what it was: economically vibrant before the fall of the atomic bomb. Japan prevents the use of mobile phones in trains, restaurants and indoors. For first to sixth primary year Japanese students must learn ethics in dealing with people. Even though one of the richest people in the world, the Japanese do not have servants. The parents are responsible for the house and children. There is no examination from the first to the third primary level because the goal of education is to instil concepts and character building. If you go to a buffet restaurant in Japan you will notice people only eat as much as they need without any waste because food must not be wasted. The rate of delayed trains in Japan is about 7 seconds per year!! The Japanese appreciate the value of time and are very punctual to minutes and seconds. Children in schools brush their teeth (sterile) and clean their teeth after a

An opportunity for good governance in India Is it reasonable to expect a convicted criminal to deliver good governance to the people or act in the best interests of the country or the public? Can we honestly say that such people, with criminal backgrounds, are not seeking to ‘buy’ an opportunity to rob the public exchequer? Is it not obvious that by accepting a price - any price, for our vote, we become accomplices in betrayal of public trust on a national scale? In a democracy, the media is supposed to play the role of an unelected opposition, by keeping a watch on the goings on, informing the public of the dangers to the national or collective interests and mobilizing the masses to stand on guard for their own and nation’s interests. Can we trust a media group that has sold its soul and conscience to the highest bidder; to uphold public interest against the interests of its masters who have bought media’s loyalty and allegiance with stolen or ill-gotten resources? There may not be any opportunity at this stage to do any course correction for this round of elections in India, but, if the public can hold the newly elected representatives and the government accountable for their actions and effectively frustrate their designs to rob the public purse, candidates and the political parties may act more responsibly and honestly in any future elections. Team-Parivartan hopes that AamAadmi Party (AAP) will stick to their stated goal of ridding India’s government and administration of most serious forms and levels of corruption and bring a sense of honesty, duty, responsibility and conscience to India’s corridors of power. We wish them success!

meal at school, teaching them to maintain their health from an early age. Japanese students take half an hour to finish their meals to ensure proper digestion.


Parivartan May 2014

Feature Aricle

Wrapped in shiny paper or embellished with silk or satin ribbon and bows, gift wrapping is an art which lends a personal touch to a gift. Gifting, which need not always be a material thing, is being explored with new age styles and methods these days. Amrit Ammu talks about the evolution of gifting and the latest in exchanging gifts with all the unique art and dÊcor they come with. Since time immemorial gifts have been part and parcel of human life. At all times, in all cultures, presents have served to express thanks, to demonstrate wealth, to show submission or also, quite simply, to give someone pleasure. Gifts are exchanged on umpteen occasions – birthdays, anniversaries, Valentine’s Day, Christmas, New year, Diwali, and so on. During the middle ages, gift giving remained the prerogative of the upper class. Even in the 17th century, Christmas and New Year Gifts were officially banned in many parts of the World. It was only with industrialization and the rise of the middle classes that the private exchange of gifts developed as a social norm. All of us, right from the young to the elderly, like to receive gifts, big or small. I still remember the pleasure with which I used to open my birthday gifts after my birthday party was over. A little bit of thought before buying a gift, speaks volumes for the sentiments of the sender. If you choose a gift with care, it shows a lot of affection for the other person. Most of us have darted into a gift shop on the way to a wedding reception and picked up the first thing that caught our eye. And as a result the newly-weds are swamped with 4 identical lemonade sets, 3 similar ice cream bowl sets, 5 lampshades and so on! Children believe that anything they like is bound to be a wonderful gift for anyone else. Many of us grow up without losing this illusion, which may explain why we give and receive the gifts we do. But what one needs to remember is that however unappealing a present or a treat is, what makes it attractive is the generosity and affection it stems from. If your friend is an avid lover of ghazals, probably the best birthday gift you can give her is he latest ghazal album of her favourite singer. If your nephew is fond of reading, a collection of short stories and not a toy car, would

Feature Aricle

Parivartan May 2014


have given him the best years of my life and look what I get in return. If you bestow a gift or favour and expect a return, it is not a gift but a trade. The latest trend these days for the bridle couples is to have their own website on the Internet, to which their guests are directed. Apart from other details, also included is a bridal registry, from which guests can buy their gifts online. The result is practical suggestions for gifts! These could range from mortgage payments to foreign trips! Now enterprising retailers have begun to offer incentives to a couple registering on a website. There is so much variety in the ultra-modern hi-tech style of gifting. During the festive season or marriages, people often hire professionals to do the job. But, with a little bit of imagination appeal to him. Such gifts clearly show that a certain amount of

and creativity, one can wrap gifts imaginatively using the wide range

thought and time have gone into choosing the gift, and this makes

of papers, ribbons and

gifting even dearer.

decorative accessories

I still remember how thrilled my cousin (an expert in stitching

available in the market.

and embroidery) was when I presented her with a set of embroi-

Bamboo, wire and

dery design books, along with a collection of threads in different

cane baskets are being


increasingly used to

An annual subscription for Reader’s Digest or any another well-

contain gifts. Used in

known magazine for an old widowed aunt who is lonely and fond

combination with tissue

of reading is a much more thoughtful gift than sending her a card

or brocade, embellished

and a box of sweets at Diwali.

with zari, flowers, ribbon,

People often drop hints about things they would like to have.

threads, beads, se-

For Example, you may have noticed a friend sighting over a

quins, etc- they look

particular dress or a bag in a shop. If her birthday is approaching,


you can take the initiative and get common friends to pool money

A round object like a

to buy her that particular thing. By pooling cash one can get a

ball can be wrapped like

wonderful gift which the person will cherish. It is far better than

a toffee, with coloured

giving small individual gifts.

satin ribbons at the two

The Value of hand-made gifts far outweighs that of readymade

ends in a bow. A pretty

ones. A hand knitted sweater for your friend’s newborn baby, a

crystal object can be

hand crafted wooden knick-knack or a freshly baked home-made

wrapped in transparent cellophane paper or in net cloth and tied

cake are wonderful gifts.

with a decorative ribbon so that it is visible.

An aunt of mine uses her spare time to make small hand-

Chocolates can be attractively arranged on a tray or plate or in a

made items like embroidered hankies, crochet doilies, cross stitch

cane bowl or basket and covered with transparent cellophane,

mats, antique motifs and other unusual items- which she stores

embellished with ribbons, sequins etc. A potted plant can be gifted

in a box and then gives as gifts her friends and family. Needless to

as such with a big ribbon tied around it with a decorative bow on

say, her gifts are treasured by one and all.

top. One should

Another medium which is fast becoming popular – and is envi-

not give a gift

ronment friendly too, is recycled paper in the shape of bags and

hoping for re-

boxes. The best thing about these is that they are very easy to

turns. We often

embellish. You can scribble over them with glitter pens, stick small

hear people

bows or dried flowers on them, paint a motif or simply tie them up

saying, ‘I have

with multi coloured threads. Let us strive to make our gifts mean-

done so much

ingful so that the recipients look forward to receive them. As the

for him, but he

saying goes, “Goodness in words creates trust, goodness in think-

doesn’t care

ing creates depth and goodness in giving creates love.”

for me!’ or “I

By Amrit Ammu

Parivartan May 2014


India View

I’ve been asked to speak on ‘The Idea of India’. I’d like to begin with a sher of my father-in-law the noted Urdu poet Jan Nisar Akhtar.

dren living next to warehouses with rotting food. But India offers hope with Democracy, a Constitution and a Justice System. To me the idea of India is simple. She is a Secular Democratic

Tu is qadar mujhe apne qareeb lagta hai.

Republic and her greatest strength is her composite culture – her

Tujhe alag sey jo sochoon ajeeb lagta hai


India is in the air I breathe. India is in the fragrance of the

I was raised in a commune like flat of the Communist party

mogra, India is in the poetry of Kabir, Ghalib and

which was

Tagore, in the strains of Pt. Ravi Shankar’s sitar.

called not

India is the silence of meditation in the muted se-


renity of the Himalayas. India is


also a cacophony – loud

Flag Hall.


weddings, louder prayers,

Comrades like the

honking horns and shout-

great Urdu poet Ali

ing TV anchors.

Sardar Jafri, my father

India is a country that lives

KaifiAzmi and eight

in several centuries simulta-



neously – She lives back to back in the 17th , 18th, 19th , 20th

had just one

and 21st centuries and her

sq. ft. room


people at any given


each with a

time and place

strip of a bal-

encapsulate all

cony that was

the contradic-

converted into the

tions that come

kitchen. Eight fami-

from being a

lies lived together


with just one bath-

gious, multi-

room and one toilet. My father


was a whole timer and would get only


40 rupees to look after my mother, my brother

gual and multi-

and me. So there was never any money but it

ethnic society. Her diver-

didn’t seem to matter at all because the residents

sity makes her unique but it also makes her seemingly impossible to govern. India exudes beauty : the white symmetry of the TajMahal, the vibrancy of Madhubani, the col-

of Red Flag Hall were tuned to the sound of a different drummer, they were committed to a larger goal. They were determined to struggle for social justice, gender sensitivity and celebration of India’s composite culture. All festivals were celebrated with much fanfare – Holi, Diwali, Eid, Christmas. As kids we were taken to the Sarvajanik Ganesh Pandals. On 26th

ors of Kutch, the carvings of Konarak.

January we would be put in a truck and taken to see the lights at

Yet India is a visual sore: garbage

Chowpatty – we imbibed India’s pluralism almost by a process of

mounds, discarded plastic bags and


open gutters. India is an olfactory assault : Smoky air,

Today however that pluralism seems to be under threat. Communalism is raising its ugly head and permeating into all stratas

putrid drains, and burning cow dung. Yet In-

of society. Religion is being used by Fundamentalists of all hues

dia floats the fragrance of agarbatti, the smell

to divide people for vote bank political mobilization. Mobocracy is

of coconut and the seduction of Itr.

threatening the very tenets of Democracy and much more needs

India is a story of lost opportunities, unresponsive governance;

to be done to stem the rot. We need to recognize the signs of

the abode of illiterate, poor, blind and the sick. But India is dreams

danger around us. It is said that if you put a frog in a cauldron of

and soaring aspirations of the young the energy of entrepreneurs,

boiling water it jumps out and saves itself. But if you put it in tepid

and feisty spirit of voluntary organizations.

water and gradually turn the temperature on the frog doesn’t real-

India assaults sensibility with its women abusers walking with

ize it till it is too late and dies. We are like the frogs who do not

impunity amongst the goddess worshippers; with starving chil-

realize that the temperature around us is being heated up and very

India View soon it might become too late. If you ask me who I am I will say I am a woman, an Indian, a daughter, wife, actor, Muslim, Mumbaikar etc… my being Muslim is only one aspect of my identity and yet in India today it seems as though a concerted effort is being made to compress identity only into the narrow confines of the religion one was born into at the cost of all other identities! But this is a construct; it is not the truth of India – India’s greatest identity is her composite culture. If you look at a Kashmiri Hindu and a Kashmiri Muslim they have much more in common with each other because of their cultural identity their Kashmiriyat – than a Kashmiri Muslim and a Muslim from Tamil Nadu inspite of the fact that they share a common religion. There is much that needs our attention if we want the Idea of India to flourish. As India seeks to become a global power we must also pause to ask which model of development needs to be pursued. Who’s development and at who’s cost is a question that begs to be answered. It cannot be the progress of a few at the cost of many. One of India’s greatest challenges to me is that large infrastructure projects need to be put in place to drive the engine of growth but this will necessarily lead to displacement of large numbers of people. Unless the principle of social justice is applied to resettling the displaced no genuine development will be possible; in fact there will be social unrest and chaos as has been witnessed in Nandigram and other places. The project affected person asks “If I am displaced from the land of my birth for ‘the greater common good’ then surely I have a right to demand that I am the first beneficiary of that project or at least one of the beneficiaries”. Alas! such is not the case as experience shows. We need economic progress without doubt but the benefits also need to reach those sections of India where ‘the sun is not shining’. The vision of Rahul Bose’s ‘The Foundation’ is to see a world free of discrimination of all forms. We know that in India all kinds of discrimination exist but what is heartening is that a robust civil society and hundreds of NGOs are putting up stiff resistance to work against discrimination of all kinds particularly discrimination against women. Women are breaking their silence, women are speaking the language of rights. Women are saying don’t call us Goddesses, treat us as equal human beings and the change is perceptible. In Mijwan a tiny village in UP Azamgarh where I work, girls as young as 8 and women as old as 80 are saying girls are equal to boys. Girls are refusing to be pushed into marriage before the age of 18 and are aspiring to work and become self-sufficient. There are also our artists, some of them present here today who are fighting for the right to freedom of expression and through their work have demonstrated that Art knows no boundaries; Art soothes, Art excites, Art provokes. I believe Art has the possibility of creating a climate of sensivity in which it is possible for change to occur. The major idea of India is inclusion – men and women, poor and rich, old and young, tribal and urban all must become active participants in the polity who strive for Equity, Justice, Agency and Empowerment. India is not a melting pot in which individual identities are submerged. Instead India is a colourful mosaic in which individual identities are retained whilst contributing to a larger whole. India will always remain more than the sum of its parts. The long and the short of it is simply this – I am proud to be an Indian. Thank you. Excerpts from a speech at ‘The Foundation’ (February 2014) by Shabana Azmiat

Parivartan May 2014



Parivartan May 2014

India View

This is a true Story :

evening talking to the Squadron Pilots. Vikram’s roommate took

The helicopter appeared over the late morning horizon. We were

him to see Vikram’s room. Lachhman Singh desired to spend the

to receive Mr.Lachhman Singh Rathore who was visiting our Flight

night in his son’s room instead of the guest house we had re-

Unit to perform the last rites of his son, Flying Officer Vikram Singh.

served for him. Early next morning after a tour of the squadron

Only the day before, I had sent the telegram, “Deeply regret to inform that your son Flying Officer Vikram Singh lost his life in a flying accident early this morning. Death was instantaneous.” It was the first time for me to meet and manage the bereaved next of kin, in this case the Father of the brave officer.

area, my boss took him to his office. A while later, the staff car took Lachhman Singh to the civil airfield two hours away. As the car disappeared round the corner, I remarked to my Boss, “A brave man he is. Spoke to me like a General when he told me

While most of the desolate family members insist on seeing

exactly what he expected from us during his stay here. I have never

the body, many a time there isn’t a body to show!! Flying Officer

seen a more composed man on such an occasion. I admire him.”

Vikram Singh’s remains were only a few kilos – scrapped from

“Yes, MrLachhman Singh Rathore is a warrior in his own way.

what was left in the cockpit. We had to weigh the wooden coffin with wood and earth.

He sired three sons and has laid to rest all three of them. His first son Captain Ghanshyam Singh of the Gurkha Rifles

The pilot brought the helicopter to a perfect touchdown. Soon

was killed in Ladakh in 1962 War. His second son, Major Bir Singh,

MrLachhman Singh Rathor was helped down the ladder. A small

died along the Ichogil Canal in 1965 in an ambush. His youngest,

and frail man he was, maybe of 80 years, clad in an immaculate

Vikram Singh, who had the courage to join the Air Force, is also


gone now. This simple farmer has contributed more to our country’s

As I approached him, he asked in a quiet and dignified whis-

defence than All of us combined.”

per, “Are you Venki, the Flight Commander?” “Yes Sir.” “Vikram had

Yes, he is indeed a brave Indian ; in fact HE is MORE INDIAN

spoken to me about you. I would like to speak to you alone for a

than anyone else - His sacrifice can never ever be repaid by


the Country !! He is almost a Martyr himself !!

We walked to the edge of the concrete apron. ‘I have lost a son,

But our Great Nation doesnot know this simple Giant - India

and you have lost a friend. I am sure that you have taken great care

only knows that Super Rich Cricketers need to be conferred

in arranging the funeral. Please tell me when and where you want

BHARAT RATNA while a bunch of actors and actresses need

my presence and what you want me to do. I’ll be there for every-

to be conferred PADMA VIBHUSHANs and PADAMSHREEs !!

thing. Later, I would like to meet Vikram’s friends, see his room and, if

Yes, they are so called ‘Achievers’. Achieved Fame Fortunes mostly for themselves and a wee bit for the country.(Ever

it is permitted, visit his work place. I then

wondered as to HOW on earth do ac-

would like to return home tomorrow

tresses bring glory to the Nation?)

morning.” A commander couldn’t have given me clearer instructions. The funeral, with full military honours,

But what about the ‘Losers’??Those who



Father of Three Brave Soldiers.

was concluded by late afternoon. After


the final echoes of the ‘Last Post’ faded

for - the great soldiers.

away, Lachhman Singh spent the


theirEVERYTHING to the Nation. Like this



Parivartan May 2014

È≈∆ √ß√≈

‘ ¿πÓ «Úæ⁄ ‘ ¡Ω ω-·‰ ’∂ «‘‰≈ ⁄≈‘ßπÁ∆ ˛, Í «¬√ Á≈ ÓÂÒÏ «¬‘ È‘∆∫ ‘πßÁ≈ «’ Ï‘π √≈∂ ÍÀ√∂ ÷⁄ ’∂ Ó«‘ß◊∂ ’æÍÛ∂ Í≈ ’∂ ‘∆ √Ø‘‰∂ ¡Â∂ ÎÀÙÈ∂ÏÒ Ò«◊¡≈ ‹≈ √’Á≈ ˛Õ ’æÍ«Û¡ª Á∆ √‘∆ ⁄؉ Âπ‘≈‚∂ ¡≈ÂÓ «ÚÙÚ≈√ «Úæ⁄ ’¬∆ ◊π‰≈ Ú≈Ë≈ ’ √’Á∆ ˛Õ ¡≈͉∂ «‘‰ √«‘‰ Á∂ „ß◊ ’’∂ ‹ª ’πÁÂ��� ÂΩ ”Â∂ Âπ√∆∫ Ó؇∂ ‹ª ÍÂÒ∂ ‘Ø √’Á∂ ‘Ø, Í ’πfi ◊æÒª Á≈ «Ë¡≈È æ÷Ø◊∂ ª ‘ Îß’ÙÈ ‹ª Í≈‡∆ «Úæ⁄ √≈«¡ª Á∆¡ª Șª Á∂ Í≈Â ˜± ω √’Á∂ ‘ØÕ ß◊ «Ïß◊∂ È≈ Ï‰Ø : Ì≈Ú∂∫ Ò≈Ò, ◊πÒ≈Ï∆, È∆Ò≈ Â∂ ‘≈ ’≈Î∆ ÷±Ï√± ß◊ ‘È, Í «¬È∑ª ˘ ÿæ‡ ÂØ∫ ÿæ‡ «¬æ’ Ú≈∆ ”’æ·∂ È≈ Í≈˙Õ Ô≈«È «¬‘ √≈∂ ß◊ «¬æ’ ‘∆ √≈Û∆ ‹ª ‚zÀ√ «Úæ⁄ È≈ ‘؉ ª Âπ√∆∫ «˜¡≈Á≈ ÎÀÙÈ∂ÏÒ «Á÷Ø◊∂Õ Âπ√∆∫ «‹‘Û≈ ß◊ Í≈ ‘∂ ‘Ø, ¿π√ ˘ ‘∆ ‘≈¬∆Ò≈¬∆‡ ’ØÕ ¡À‚‹√‡ ’Ø «Î«‡ß◊ : «˜ßÁ◊∆ «Úæ⁄ ¡À‚‹À√‡ÓÀ∫‡ ª ⁄ÒÁ∆ ‘∆ «‘ßÁ∆ ˛, Í ‹ÁØ∫ ◊æÒ ‡z≈¿±˜√ Á∆ ‘ØÚ∂, ª «¬Ê∂ ¡À‚‹À√‡ÓÀ∫‡ È‘∆∫ «¬’ÁÓ «Î«‡ß◊ ‘∆ ’ßÓ ¡≈¿π∫Á∆ ˛Õ «¬æ’ ÁÓ √«ÒÓ Â∂ «‡zÓ Òæ◊‰ Á∂ ⁄æ’ «Úæ⁄ ¡≈͉∂ ÂØ∫ B È≈Í ¤Ø‡∂ ‡z≈¿±˜√ È≈ Í≈˙Õ √‡zÀ⁄∂ÏÒ ‡z≈¿±˜ Ú∆ ‘∂’ Á∂ È‘∆∫ ‹æ⁄Á∂Õ ‘≈¬∆ Ú∂√‡ ‹ª ÒØ Ú∂√‡ : ‘≈¬∆ Ú∂√‡ ‹∆È√ ¶Ó∆¡ª ’πÛ∆¡ª Â∂ ‘∆ ‹æ⁄Á∆ ˛Õ «Ú⁄Ò∆ ‘≈¬∆‡ ‹ª ÒØ Ú∂√‡ ‹∆È√ Ì≈∂ √∆ Ú≈√Â∂ ·∆’ «‘ßÁ∆ ˛Õ ‹∂ ’æÁ ¶Ï≈ ˛ ª ‘≈¬∆ Ú∂√‡ ‹∆È√ Âπ‘≈˘ ı±Ï ÚË∆¡≈ Ò◊∂◊∆Õ ∂‡zØ ´’ : Íπ≈‰∂ ˜Ó≈È∂ Á∂ ÎÀÙÈ ˘ ∂‡zØ ÎÀÙÈ ’«‘ßÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ AIE@ ÂØ∫ AIG@ Âæ’ ÎÀÙÈ «Úæ⁄ ¡≈¬∂ ’æÍÛ∂ ‘π‰ ∂‡Øz ÎÀÙÈ ’‘∂ ‹≈‰◊∂Õ «¬√ Â∑ª Á∂ ’æÍÛ∂ Í≈¿π‰ «Úæ⁄ ’ج∆ ‘‹ È‘∆∫, Í ÒØÛ ÂØ∫ ÚæË ∂‡zØ ´’ È≈ ¡Í‰≈˙Õ «Ó’√ ¡À∫‚ ÓÀ⁄ ¡‹Ó≈ √’Á∂ ‘ØÕ ¿π⁄∆ ’Ó∆˜ Â∂ Í«‡¡≈Ò≈ √ÒÚ≈ : «ÎÒÓ “Ï߇∆ ¡Â∂ ÏÏÒ∆” ¡≈¿π‰ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á ≈‰∆ Óπ÷‹∆ Ú≈Ò≈ ÎÀÙÈ ÓÙ‘± ‘Ø«¬¡≈ ˛Õ √±‡ Â∂ Ò«◊¡≈ ◊؇≈-Íæ‡∆, √∆’ÚÀ∫√ Â∂ ß◊ª Á∆ Ú≈¤ÛÕ Ì≈Ú∂∫ ’æÁ ¶Ï≈ ‘ØÚ∂ ‹ª ¤Ø‡≈, √∆ ÍÂÒ≈ ‘Ø Ú ∂ ‹ª ÓØ ‡ ≈Õ «¬Ú∂ ∫ ‘∆ ‘Ø  «ÎÒÓª Ú≈Ò∂ ‡À z ∫ ‚ª ˘ ¡ÍÈ≈¿π‰ «Úæ⁄ ’ج∆ ‘˜ È‘∆∫, Í «¯ÒÓ∆ ¡Â∂ ¡≈Ó «˜ßÁ◊∆ «Úæ⁄ Ï‘π Î’ ‘πßÁ≈ ˛ ! ÍÒ∂È √ÒÚ≈ Á∂ È≈Ò ’πfi ⁄Ó’ Ú≈Ò∆ ’Ó∆˜ Ú∆ ¡’√ ‹⁄Á∆ ˛Õ Ôß◊ «Á√Ø, Í √ßÌÒ ’∂ : ‘ √Ó∂∫ ‹Ú≈È «Áæ√‰ «Úæ⁄ ’ج∆ ‘˜ È‘∆∫, Í «¬√Á≈ ÓÂÒÏ «¬‘ È‘∆∫ «’ ‹∂ Âπ‘≈‚∆ ¿πÓ «˜¡≈Á≈ ˛ ª Âπ√∆∫ ÷≈‘-Ó÷≈‘ ‘∆ ’≈Ò‹ ‹≈‰ Ú≈Ò∆¡ª ’πÛ∆¡ª Úª◊ «Áæ√‰ Á∆ ’Ø«ÙÙ ’ØÕ ‹∆È√ Í«‘‰Ø Í ÒØ Ú∂√‡ È‘∆∫Õ ‘∂¡ ’Ò Îß‚≈ : ¡≈͉∂ Ú≈Òª ˘ ß◊ ’È Ú∂Ò∂ ‘Ó∂Ù≈ «Ë¡≈È æ÷Ø «’ ß◊ Âπ‘≈‚∂ Ú≈Òª Á∂ ’πÁÂ∆ ß◊ ÂØ∫ Ò◊Ì◊ C Ù∂‚ Î’ ‘ØÚ∂Õ «¬’ÁÓ Ï◊À∫‚∆ ‹ª Ò≈Ò∆ Ú≈Ò≈ ß◊ ¤Ø‡∆ ¿πÓ «Úæ⁄ ‘∆ ‹⁄Á∂ ‡z≈¿±˜ Ú∆ Í≈ √’Á∂ ‘Ø, Í «¬‘ Ò≈¬∆’≈ Á∂ ‘؉ ª

‘ÈÕ ’πæfi ‘Ø Èπ’Â∂ : ‹∂’ Âπ√∆∫ Ó؇∂ ‘Ø Âª √«’È ‡≈¬∆‡ ‹∆È√ ‹ª Ù≈‡ √’‡ È≈ Í≈˙Õ ‹∂’ ÍÂÒ∂ ‘Ø Âª Ú∆ √«’È ‡≈¬∆‡ ‹∆È√ ÂØ∫

Âπ√∆∫ ’πfi ÍÂÒ∂ «Á÷Ø◊∂Õ ’πfi Ò±˜ «Î«‡ß◊ Á∂ ’æÍÛ∂ ‘ Ì≈ Ú◊ Ò¬∆ ·∆’ ‘∆ Ò◊Á∂ ‘ÈÕ ÓØ‡Ø ‘Ø Âª ’πfi ÍÂÒ≈ «Áæ√‰ Ú≈√Â∂ Ù∆Î≈È ‹ª ‹≈‹À‡, √≈‡È, «√Ò’, ¡≈æ◊∂∫‹≈ Ú◊∂ ÎÀÏ«’ ÎÀÙÈ∂ÏÒ «Áæ√‰

Ï⁄ØÕ Ó؇∂ ‘Ø Âª «¬æ’ ‘∆ ß◊ Á∂ ’æÍÛ∂ Í«‘ȉ Á∆ ʪ B ß◊ª Á∂ ’æÍÛ∂ Í≈˙Õ ÏÒÀ’ ß◊ Á∂

Ò¬∆ ÚÂ∂ ‹≈ √’Á∂ ‘ÈÕ ÍÂÒ∂ ‘Ø Âª ’≈‡È Á∆¡ª √≈Û∆¡ª ‹ª √±‡ Âπ‘≈‚∆ ÷±Ï√±Â∆ ˘ ⁄≈ ⁄ßÁ Ò◊≈¿π‰◊∂Õ

ÿ «Ú⁄ ’∂’ «’Ú∂∫ ω≈¬∆¬∂?


Parivartan May 2014

È≈∆ √ß√≈ √Ó≈È : B ÍÀ’‡ ◊Ò±’ؘ «Ï√’π‡, A ’æÍ ’Ø’Ø Í≈¿±‚, A ’æÍ ⁄∆È∆, A ¤Ø‡≈ ˙ÚÈ Á∆ ¿πÍÒÏËÂ≈ È∂ ÿ «Ú⁄ ’∂’ ω≈¿π‰ Á≈ ’ßÓ Ï‘π ¡√≈È ’ «ÁæÂ≈ ⁄Ó⁄ «ÿ˙, A ¤Ø‡≈ ⁄Ó⁄ ’≈Î∆, ¡æË≈ ˛Õ «Î Ú∆ √≈˘ «ÈÓÈ ◊æÒª Á≈ «Ë¡≈È æ÷‰≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ˛ ª «’ ÿ «Ú⁄ ’æÍ Í≈‰∆Õ Ï‰≈«¬¡≈ «◊¡≈ ’∂’ ⁄ß◊≈ Â∂ √π¡≈Á∆ ‘ØÚ∂ ¡Â∂ «‹√ ˘ ÷≈ ’∂ ÿ Á∂ ÓÀ∫Ï Â∂ Â∆’≈ : ’Ø’Ø, ⁄∆È∆, «ÿ˙ ¡Â∂ Í≈‰∆ Ó«‘Ó≈È Ú≈‘ Ú≈‘ ’ ¿π·‰Õ «¬ßÈ∆ Á∂ Âæ’ «ÓÒ≈ ’∂ ÎÀ∫‡Ø «’ ⁄∆È∆ Á∂ ’∂’ ω≈¿π‰ Ò¬∆ Ú«Â¡≈ ‹≈‰ Ú≈Ò≈ ÓÀÁ≈ «¬’ÁÓ √πæ’≈ ‘؉≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ˛ Á≈‰∂ È≈ «‘‰Õ Î∂ ¡æË≈ ’æÍ Í≈‰∆ «Ú⁄ «’¿π∫«’ ‹∂ ¿π√ «Ú⁄ ÈÓ∆ ‘ØÚ∂ ª ’∂’ ⁄ß◊≈ È‘∆∫ ω∂◊≈Õ ’≈Î∆ Í≈¿±‚ Í≈ ’∂ ◊πÒ±’ؘ «Ï√’π‡ «Ì¿π∫ ’∂’ ω≈¿π‰ Ò¬∆ ÒØÛ∆∫Á∆¡ª ⁄∆˜ª Á∆ Á∂‰ Ú∆ √≈ÚË≈È∆ È≈Ò ’È∆ ÒÚØÕ Î∂ ÍÒ∂‡ «Ú⁄ «‹ßÈ≈ Úæ‚≈ ’∂’ ⁄≈‘∆Á∆ ˛ ª «’ √≈‚∆ «Ó‘È ÎÒ∆̱ ‘Ø √’∂Õ Ï‰≈¿π‰≈ ˛Õ ¿π√ «‘√≈Ï È≈Ò «¬’ «¬’ ’∂’ «Ú⁄ «ÓÒ≈¿π‰ Ú≈Ò≈ «ÿ˙, Óæ÷‰, ·ß„≈ ‹ª ·Ø√ ‘؉≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ˛Õ «¬√ «Ï√’π‡ æ÷ØÕ «¬√ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á «¬È∑ª ¿πÍ Ò¬∆ ˜±∆ ˛ «’ «ÿ˙/Óæ÷‰ Ϋ‹ «Ú⁄ æ«÷¡≈ ‹≈Ú∂Õ «¬√ Á∂ «ÍÿÒ‰ Â∂ ¡√ ‘Ø ⁄≈’Ò∂ ‡ Í∂ √ ‡ Ò◊≈˙Õ Î∂  «Ï√’π ‡ ‘ØÚ∂◊≈Õ

Ò◊≈˙ Â∂ Î∂ Í∂√‡ Ò◊≈˙Õ «¬√∂ Â∑ª «‹ßÈ≈ Ó؇≈ ’È≈ ‘ØÚ∂ ’ Ò˙Õ Î∂ ‹∂ ’∂’ «Ú⁄ √πæ’∂ Ó∂Ú∂, Í≈¿π‰∂ ‘؉ ª «¬√ ◊æÒ Á≈ «Ë¡≈È æ«÷¡≈ ‹≈Ú∂ «’ È≈∆¡Ò Á≈ ϱ≈ «¤Û’ ’∂ Ϋ˜ «Ú⁄ ‹Ó≈˙Õ ‹ßÓ‰ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á ¡≈¬∆«Ùß◊ ’ØÕ Ó∂Ú∂ «¬’ÁÓ √πæ’∂ ‘؉ È≈ «’ ÈÓÕ ¡≈¬∆«Ùß◊ : Óæ÷‰ ¡Â∂ ¡≈¬∆«Ùß◊ Ù±◊ «ÓÒ≈ ’∂ ÊØÛ∑≈ ÊØÛ∑≈ Í∂√‡ ͱ∂ ’∂’ ”⁄ ’∂’ «Ú⁄ «ÓÒ≈¬∆¡ª ‹≈‰ Ú≈Ò∆¡ª ⁄∆˜ª Á≈ ¡ÈπÍ≈ «¬’ÁÓ ·∆’ ‘؉≈ Ò◊≈˙Õ Î∂ ’ج∆ Ú∆ ß◊ «ÓÒ≈ ’∂ ÓÈ⁄≈‘∂ «‚˜≈«¬È È≈Ò √‹≈˙Õ ‹∂’ «‚˜≈«¬È ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ˛ «’¿π∫«’ ⁄∆˜ª Á∆ Ó≈Â≈ ÿæ‡ ÚæË ‘؉ È≈Ò ’∂’ ·∆’ È‘∆∫ ω∂◊≈Õ ’È Ú≈Ò∆ ’ØÈ È≈ ‘ØÚ∂ ª Í∂√‡ Á∆ «‡¿±Ï ˘ ÒÀ ’∂ «Íæ¤Ø∫ ’æ‡ ’∂ ¿π√ «Ú⁄ «ÓÙÈ ’∂’ Î∂ ÎπæÒ‰ Ò¬∆ Ï∂«’ß◊ Í≈¿±‚ Á∆ Ó≈Â≈ ”Â∂ «ÚÙ∂Ù «Ë¡≈È «Á˙ «’¿π∫«’ Ì ’∂ ¿π√ È≈Ò Ú∆ √‹≈Ú‡ ’ √’Á∂ ‘ªÕ ¡Â∂ Ó˜∆ ÓπÂ≈«Ï’ Ó∂«Ú¡ª Á≈ ÍzÔØ◊ ‹∂ Ï∂«’ß◊ Í≈¿±‚ ÚæË ÍÀ «◊¡≈ ª ’∂’ «Ú⁄≈«Ò˙∫ · ‹ª ÁÏ √’Á≈ ˛Õ Ú∆ ’ √’Á∂ ‘ªÕ ’∂’ Ò¬∆ «Ó√‰ «Â¡≈ ’È √Ó∂∫ ÓÀÁ∂ Á∆ √≈∆ Ó≈Â≈ «¬’Ø √Ó∂∫ È‘∆∫ Í≈ Á∂‰∆ ⁄≈‘∆Á∆, «¬√ È≈Ò Íz∂Ù≈È∆ ÷Û∑∆ ‘Ø √’Á∆ ˛Õ ⁄ß◊≈ ‘ØÚ∂ ‹∂ ÓÀÁ∂ Á∂ ⁄≈ Ì≈◊

’≈ÏØ‘≈¬∆‚z∂‡√ Â∂ «’ßÈ≈ ’߇ØÒ

’’∂ æ÷ «Á˙ ¡Â∂ «¬’ «¬’ Ì≈◊ Í≈ ’∂ «ÓÙ‰ ω≈˙Õ «¬√ ˘ Ï≈Ï «ÓÒ≈¿π∫Á∂ ’≈ÏØ‘≈¬∆‚z∂‡√ «‹Ê∂ √∆ ˘ ⁄Ò≈¿π‰ Á∂ Ò¬∆ ˜±∆ ˛, ¿πÊ∂ «¬√ ˘ «˜¡≈Á≈ ‘Ø Âª «’ «ÓÙ‰ «¬’√≈ «Â¡≈ ‘ØÚ∂Õ ⁄ß◊≈ Â∂ «¬’√≈ «ÓÙ‰ ¿π‘ ‘πßÁ≈ ˛ ÒÀ‰ È≈Ò Ó؇≈Í≈ Ú∆ ÚËÁ≈ ˛Õ ȱ‚Ò√, ⁄≈ÚÒ Â∂ ÓÀÁ∂ ÂØ∫ ω∆¡ª ⁄∆˜ª «Úæ⁄ «‹‘Û≈ ’∂ ’ ÏÂÈ «Ú⁄ ’≈ÏØ‘≈¬∆‚z∂‡√ «˜¡≈Á≈ Ó≈Â≈ «Úæ⁄ ‘πßÁ≈ ˛Õ ‹ÁØ∫ ’≈ÏØ‘≈¬∆‚z∂‡√ ÒØÛ ÂØ∫ ÚæË Í≈¿π‰ √Ó∂∫ Ë≈ Á∆ Ù’Ò √∆ «Úæ⁄ «¬’æ·≈ ‘Ø ‹ªÁ≈ ˛, ª ÎÀ‡ Â∂ ◊Ò±’ؘ Á∂ ±Í «Úæ⁄ ÏÁÒ ’∂ Ù∆ «Úæ⁄ «Ú⁄ «‚æ◊∂ È≈ «’ Úæ÷Ø Úæ÷∆ «¬’æ·≈ ‘Ø ‹ªÁ≈ ˛Õ ÌØ‹È «Úæ⁄ «¬√ Á∆ Ó≈Â≈ «¬ßÈ∆ ‘؉∆ ⁄≈‘∆Á∆ ˛ «’ √∆ ˘± Ù’Ò «Ú⁄ «‚æ◊∂Õ ¿±‹≈ Ú∆ «ÓÒÁ∆ ‘∂ Â∂ Ó؇≈Í≈ Ú∆ È≈ ÚË∂Õ ‹∂ ’∂’ ω≈¿π‰ Ò¬∆ ’≈ÏØ‘≈¬∆‚z∂‡√ Á∆ √Âπß«Ò Ó≈Â≈ : ¡≈͉∂ ÷≈‰ Ú≈Ò∂ ÌØ‹È «Úæ⁄ √Ϙ∆¡ª, «Â¡≈ ’∆Â≈ «ÓÙ‰ ◊≈Û∑≈ √Ò≈Á, √±Í, Á≈Ò, Íπß◊«¡≈ ¡È≈‹, ÁπæË ¡Â∂ ÁπæË ÂØ∫ ω∆¡ª ⁄∆˜ª ˘ Ù≈«ÓÒ ’ØÕ ‘Ø «◊¡≈ ‘Ø Ú ∂ ª ¿π √ ˘ ¡≈Ò±, ¡Ï∆, «˜Ó∆’ßÁ, ’∂Ò≈, ⁄∆’±, ¡ßÏ Ú◊∆¡ª ⁄∆˜ª È≈ ÷≈˙Õ Í∂√‡z∆, ÍÀ‡∆‹, ÍÂÒ≈ ’È Ò¬∆ «¬√ «Ú⁄ ¤ØÒ∂-̇±∂, Í∆˜≈, √≈· «‚zß’ Ú∆ ÿæ‡ ÂØ∫ ÿæ‡ ÷≈‰∂-Í∆‰∂ ⁄≈‘∆Á∂ ‘ÈÕ «¬È∑ª Á∆ ʪ ÁπæË «ÓÒ≈˙ Â∂ «Î «¬√ ˘ Òæ√∆, «Èßϱ Í≈‰∆ Ú◊À≈ ˘ Â‹∆‘ Á∂‰∆ ⁄≈‘∆Á∆ ˛Õ ⁄ß◊∆ Â∑ª ÎÀ∫‡ Ò¿πÕ ’≈ÏØ‘≈¬∆‚z∂‡√ Â∂ ◊ÒÂΫ‘Ó∆¡ª : «¬‘ Ë≈È≈ ◊Ò ˛ «’ ’≈Ø‘≈¬∆‚z∂‡√ Á∆ √‡∆Ò Á∂ ÏÂÈ «Ú⁄ Ó≈Â≈ ÿ‡≈¿π‰ È≈Ò ÌØ‹È ÂØ∫ «ÓÒ‰ Ú≈Ò∆ ’ÀÒØ∆ ÿæ‡ ‘Ø ‹ªÁ∆ ˛Õ ’¬∆ ⁄∆˜ª «Úæ⁄ «ÓÙ‰ «Â¡≈ ’È≈ ‹ª ’≈ÏØ‘≈¬∆‚z∂‡√ ÿæ‡ ‘؉ Â∂ Ú∆, Íz؇∆È «˜¡≈Á≈ ‘πßÁ≈ ˛, «’¿π∫«’ Íz؇∆È ¡Â∂ ÎÀ∫‡‰≈ ·∆’ È‘∆∫ «‘ßÁ≈ ˛Õ ¡ÀÒ±Ó∆È∆¡Ó Á∂ ÏÂÈ «Ú⁄ «ÓÙ‰ «Â¡≈ ’È ’≈ÏØ‘≈¬∆‚z∂‡ ÁØÚª Á∆ ‘∆ A ◊z≈Ó Ó≈Â≈ ÂØ∫ D ’ÀÒØ∆ Ù∆ ˘ «ÓÒÁ∆ ˛Õ È≈Ò ’∂’ Á≈ «ÓÙ‰ ’≈Ò≈ ‘Ø ‹ªÁ≈ ˛Õ ’∂’ Á≈ «ÓÙ‰ «Â¡≈ ‘Ø ‹≈‰ Ó◊Ø∫ «¬√ ˘ Ï∂’ ’È Ò¬∆ ͱ∆ √≈ÚË≈È∆ Ú‰∆ ⁄≈‘∆Á∆ ˛Õ ’∂’ Á≈ «ÓÙ‰ √‡∆Ò ‹ª ’æ⁄ Á∂ ÏÂÈ «Ú⁄ «Â¡≈ ’∆Â≈ ‹ªÁ≈ ˛ ‹ÁØ∫«’ Ï∂’ ’È Ò¬∆ ¡ÀÒ∆Ó∆È∆¡Ó «¬‘ Ú∆ Á≈ ÏÂÈ ⁄ß◊≈ «‘ßÁ≈ ˛Õ ◊Ò ÂæÊ ˛ «’ ÎÀ‡ ˙ÚÈ «Ú⁄ ’∂’ æ÷ ’∂ ¿π√ ˘ ⁄≈Ò± «‘‰ «Á˙Õ ‘π‰ ÿæ‡Ø ÿæ‡

Ú≈Ò∂ ÌØ‹È Á∆ A@@

A@ «Ó߇ Âæ’ È≈ ˙ÚÈ ÷ØÒØ∑ ¡Â∂ È≈ ‘∆ ¿π√ «Ú⁄ ’πfi Í≈¿π‰ Á∆ ’Ø«ÙÙ

’À Ò Ø  ∆

’ØÕ «¬√ «Ú⁄≈Ò∂ ˙ÚÈ ÷ØÒ∑ È≈Ò ’∂’ Á≈ √πÌ≈«Ú’ ¿π·≈˙ È‘∆∫ ¡≈Ú∂◊≈Õ

Óπ ’ ≈ÏÒ∂ ,

’≈ÏØ‘≈¬∆‚z∂‡ Ú≈Ò∂ ÷≈‰∂ Á∆

˙ÚÈ «Ú⁄ ’∂’ æ÷‰ ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª ‘∆ «¬√ ˘ ’πfi ◊Ó ’ ÒÚØÕ «¬‘

A@@ ’À Ò Ø  ∆ ÷≈‰ È≈Ò Í∂ ‡

’∂’ ˘ ·∆’ Â∑ª Í’≈¿π‰ «Ú⁄ √‘≈¬∆ ‘∂◊≈Õ

‹ÒÁ∆ ÌÁ≈ ˛Õ «‹Ú∂∫ «’ «√Î

˙ÚÈ «Ú⁄Ø∫ ’∂’ ’æ„ ’∂ Âπß ’應≈ È‘∆∫ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈Õ ÿæ‡Ø ÿæ‡ ⁄≈ ÿø‡∂ ¿π√ ˘ ·ß„≈ ‘؉ ¡Â∂ √À‡ ‘؉ Ò¬∆ Òæ◊Á∂ ‘ÈÕ

AA ’≈‹± ÷≈‰ Â∂ A@@ ’ÀÒØ∆ Ù∆ ˘

’∂’ Á∂ ‡π’Û∂ √Ò∆’∂ È≈Ò ’æ‡Ø ¡Â∂ ÍÒ∂‡ «Ú⁄ Ò◊≈˙Õ

«ÓÒÁ∆ ˛, Í Í∂‡ È‘∆∫ ÌÁ≈Õ ¿πÊ∂ «¬æ’


Ò˙, ’∂’ «Â¡≈ ‘Ø «◊¡≈Õ ÿ Á∂ ÓÀ∫Ïª Â∂ Ó«‘Ó≈Ȫ ˘ ÍØ√ ’∂ æ÷ØÕ ¿π‘ ’∂’ ÷≈ ’∂ Âπ‘≈‚∆ ÷πÙ≈ÓÁ∆ ’∆Â∂ «ÏȪ È‘∆∫ «‘ √’‰◊∂Õ


¿πÍ’≈ ’Ω

˛, Âπ √ ∆∫

√∂Ï ÷≈‰ È≈Ò √∆ ˘ A@@ ’ÀÒØ∆ «ÓÒÁ∆

Í Ú∆

Î≈¬∆Ï Á∂ ’≈‰ Í∂‡ Ì ‹ªÁ≈ ˛Õ «¬√ Â∑ª ¡≈͉∂ √∆ ˘ ÂßÁπ√ æ÷ √’Á∂ ‘ØÕ


Parivartan May 2014

«‹¿±‰ ‹≈⁄

Ë∆ : «’√˘ ’ø‡ØÒ ’È≈ ¡Ω÷≈ ‘À ? Ë∆ ˘! «’√˘ ’ø‡ØÒ ’È≈ Ï‘π ¡Ω÷≈ ‘À? ÍπºÂ ˘! «’√˘ ’ø ‡ Ø Ò ’È≈ ¡«Â¡≥ ¡Ω÷≈ ‘À ? ÍÂÈ∆ ˘! «’√˘ ’ø‡ØÒ ’È≈ √Ì ÂØ∫ ÚºË ¡Ω÷≈ ‘À? ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈Í ˘! Â∞ √ ∆∫ ¡≈͉∆ Ï∂ ‡ ∆ ˘ ’ø‡ØÒ ’È Á∂ ’≈«ÏÒ Âª ‘∆ ‘Ø √’Á∂ ‘Ø ‹ÁØ ∫ Â∞ √ ∆∫ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈Í ¿∞Â∂ ¡Â∂ ¡≈͉∆ ÍÂÈ∆ ”Â∂ √‘∆ Â∑ª È≈Ò ’ø ‡ Ø Ò ’ Í≈¿∞ ◊ ∂ Õ «¬‘ Ï‘∞ ˜»∆ ‘ÀÕ ¡≈͉∆¡ª Ë∆¡ª ˘ «ÈÍπøÈ Ï‰≈¿∞‰ Ú≈√Â∂ √≈˘ Á»‹∂ «ÚÙÚÔ∞Ë º Á∆ «¬√ ÿ‡È≈ ˘ Ô≈Á º÷‰≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ‘ÀÕ

Ô≈Á º÷Ø «’ √≈‚∂ «Ú⁄Ø∫ ’¬∆ ¡«‹‘≈ ⁄≈‘øπÁ∂ ‘È «’ ¡√∆∫ ¡≈͉≈ ¡≈Í Á∆ «˜ß Á ◊∆ Ϻ « ⁄¡ª Á∂ Ì«Úº ÷ «Úº⁄ Ò≈ Á¬∆¬∂, Í ¡√∆∫ ’≈Î∆ Á∂ Ï≈¡Á «¬‘ ¡È∞ÌÚ ’Á∂ ‘ª «’ ¡√∆∫ «¬√ «ÚÙ∂ ˘ ‚∞øÿ≈¬∆ «Úº⁄ ÒÀ∫Á∂ ‘ج∂ ’≈Î∆ √Óª ÷≈Ï ’ «Ò¡≈ ‘À Õ ’Á∆ ’Á∆ Ó≈Â≈-«ÍÂ≈ ˘ «¬º ’ Á» ‹ ∂ Á≈ Ø Ò «ÈÌ≈¿∞‰≈ ÍÀ∫Á≈ ‘ÀÕ «¬√ Íπ≈‰∆ ’‘≈Ú ˘ Ô≈Á º÷Ø, ‹Ø √º⁄ ‘À : Â∞‘≈‚≈ Í��ºÂ «√Î ÂÁ º’ Â∞‘≈‚≈ ÍπºÂ ‘À, ‹ÁØ ∫ º ’ ¿∞ √ Á∆ ÍÂÈ∆ È‘∆∫ ¡≈ ‹ªÁ∆Õ Â∞‘≈‚∆ Ë∆, ‹ÁØ∫ Â’ Â∞‘≈‚∂ È≈Ò ‘À, ¿∞ÁØ∫ º’ Â∞‘≈‚∆ Ë∆ ‘ÀÕ

«¬‘ ‘≈Ï «Úº⁄ ¡Ó∆’È È∂Ú∆ Á∂ Ú≈Í√ ‘؉ ÂØ∫ «Í¤Ø∫ ’∞fi √≈Ò Ï≈¡Á Á∆ ◊ºÒ ‘ÀÕ «¬’ ÈÚª ‹‘≈˜∆ Ï∂Û≈ ‹Í≈È∆¡ª Á≈ √≈‘Ó‰≈ ’È Á∂ Ò¬∆ Ì∂«‹¡≈ «◊¡≈ ¡Â∂ ‹‘≈˜ Á≈ ¡À‚«ÓÒ ¡≈͉∆ “ÓÀ√” «Úº⁄ Ï‘π ‘∆ Ï∂ÍÚ≈‘ √∆Õ ÍºÂ’≈ª È∂ ¿∞√˘ Íπº«¤¡≈ «’ ‹ÁØ∫ ¿∞√Á∂ ¡≈ÁÓ∆ √ÓπøÁ∆ Ô∞ºË Á∂ Ú≈√Â∂ √ÓπøÁ «Úº⁄ ◊¬∂ ‘È Âª ¿∞‘ ¬∂È≈ Ï∂«Î’ «’Ú∂∫ ‘À? ¡À‚«ÓÒ È∂ ÙªÂ∆ È≈Ò ¿∞µÂ «ÁºÂ≈, “ÙÃ∆ Ó≈È, ÓÀ∫ ⁄ø◊∆ «√÷Ò≈¬∆ È≈Ò ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈ÁÓ∆¡ª ˘ «√÷≈«¬¡≈, ¿∞È∑ª ˘ √‹≈«¬¡≈ ‘À ¡Â∂ ¿∞È∑ª ˘ ÒÛ≈¬∆ √ÏøË∆ √≈∆¡ª √»⁄È≈Úª «ÁºÂ∆¡ªÕ ÓÀ∫ «‹È∆∫ «˜¡≈Á≈ ⁄ø◊∆ Â∑ª «√÷≈ √’Á≈ √∆ ¿∞È∑ª ˘ «√÷≈«¬¡≈Õ ‘π‰ ‹ÁØ∫ Ó∂∂ ¡≈ÁÓ∆ √ÓπøÁ «Úº⁄ ◊¬∂ ‘È, «¬√ √ø√≈ «Úº⁄ ’∞fi Ú∆ ¡«‹‘≈ È‘∆∫ ‘À ‹Ø «¬√ Á∂ Ï≈∂ «Úº⁄ ÓÀ∫ ‘Ø  ’ √’Á≈, «¬√ ÂØ ∫ «¬Ò≈Ú≈ ÓÀ∫ ‘π‰ «⁄øÂ≈ ’’∂ ¡ÀÚ∂∫ ¡≈͉∂ «ÁÓ≈◊ ”Â∂ ÏØfi Í≈ÚªÕ «¬√ Ò¬∆ √≈‚∆¡ª ’∞Û∆¡ª ‹‘≈˜ª Á∆ Â∑ª ‘πøÁ∆¡ª ‘È, «‹È∑ª ˘ «¬º’ Ú≈∆ √ÓπøÁ «Úº⁄ ‹≈‰≈ ÍÀ∫Á≈ ‘ÀÕ ¿∞È∑ª ˘ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈Í ˘ «˜ø Á ◊∆ «Úº ⁄ ¡≈¿∞‰ Ú≈Ò∆¡ª Óπ√∆Ϫ ÂØ ∫ Ï⁄‰≈ ‘Ø Ú ∂ ◊ ≈Õ ¡√∆∫ ‘Ó∂Ù≈ ¿∞È∑ª Á∂ È≈Ò È‘∆∫ «‘ √’Á∂Õ ‹ÁØ∫ º’ ¿∞‘ √≈‚∂ È≈Ò ‘È, √≈˘ ¿∞‘Ȫ ˘ ⁄ø◊∆ «√º«÷¡≈ Á∂‰∆ ⁄≈‘∆Á∆ ‘ÀÕ √≈˘ ¡«‹‘≈ ’∞ fi È‘∆∫ ’È≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ «‹√ Á∂

«‹¿±‰ ‹≈⁄

Parivartan May 2014


«ÈÌ≈¿∞‰≈ ÍÀ∫Á≈ ‘ÀÕ «¬√ Íπ≈‰∆ ’‘≈Ú ˘ Ô≈Á º÷Ø, ‹Ø √º⁄ ‘À : Â∞‘≈‚≈ ÍπºÂ «√Î ÂÁ º’ Â∞‘≈‚≈ ÍπºÂ ‘À, ‹ÁØ∫ º’ ¿∞√Á∆ ÍÂÈ∆ È‘∆∫ ¡≈ ‹ªÁ∆Õ Â∞‘≈‚∆ Ë∆, ‹ÁØ∫ Â’ Â∞‘≈‚∂ È≈Ò ‘À, ¿∞ÁØ∫ º’ Â∞‘≈‚∆ Ë∆ ‘ÀÕ

ÍπæÂ : ‹∂’ Â∞√∆∫ ¡≈͉∂ ÍπºÂ Á∆ “√πæ«÷¡≈” ¡≈͉∆ ‹≈«¬Á≈Á Á∆ Â∑ª È‘∆∫ ’Ø◊∂, ¿∞‘˘ ¡º◊∂ È‘∆∫ ÚË≈˙◊∂ ª ¿∞‘ Â∞‘≈‚∆ ‹≈«¬Á≈Á Á∆ ʪ Â∂ «√ÁÁ∆ ω ‹≈Ú∂◊≈Õ ¡≈͉∂ ÍπºÂ Á∆¡ª ‹πºÂ∆¡ª «Úº⁄ AD ’ÁÓ ⁄ÒØÕ Â∞‘≈‚≈ ÍπºÂ “‹≈«¬Á≈Á” ωÁ≈ ‘À ‹ª “«√ÁÁ∆” «¬‘Á∂ «Úº⁄ G@ ÍÃÂ∆Ù Â∞‘≈‚∂ ¿∞µÂ∂ ¡Â∂ C@ ÍÃÂ∆Ù Ì≈◊ª ”Â∂ «ÈÌ ’Á≈ ‘ÀÕ ’∆ Â∞√∆∫ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈Í ˘ ’Á∂ «Ù’≈«¬Â ’∆Â∆ ‘À ‹ª √Ú≈Ò ’∆Â≈ ‘À «’ Â∞‘≈‚≈ ÍπºÂ Â∞‘≈˘ È‘∆∫ √ÓfiÁ≈ «Í¡≈Õ ‹∂’ ¡«‹‘≈ ‘À ª «¬‘ √Ø⁄ ’∂ ‹ª «¬√Á∆ ’ÒÍÈ≈ ’’∂ Á∂÷Ø «’ Â∞‘≈‚≈ ÍπºÂ Ú∆ Â∞‘≈‚∂ Ú≈√Â∂ ¡«‹‘≈ ‘∆ √Ø⁄Á≈ ‘ÀÕ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ÁØÚª «Úº⁄ ◊ºÒÏ≈ Á∆ Á»∆ ‘À ¡Â∂ Â∞‘≈˘ «¬√ ˘ ‘∆ Á» ’È≈ ‘ØÚ∂◊≈Õ ‘π‰ √≈˘ «¬√∂ ◊ºÒÏ≈ Á∆ Á»∆ ÂØ∫ ÍÂ≈ Òº«◊¡≈ ‘À «’ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ÍπºÂ Á∂ √≈‘Ó‰∂ «’√∂ Ú∆ Â∑ª Á≈ ’ج∆ «ÈÙ≈È≈ È‘∆∫ ‘ÀÕ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ÍπºÂ Á∆¡ª ¡º÷ª «Úº⁄ ˙‘∆ ⁄Ó’ ¡Â∂ ˙‘∆ ‹ØÙ ÍÀÁ≈ ’È Ú≈√Â∂, ‹Ø «¬º’ ÈΩ‹Ú≈È Á∂ «Úº⁄ ‘؉≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ‘À, Â∞√∆∫ ‘∂·ª «Ò÷∂ ‘ج∂ AD ’ÁÓ ¿∞‘Á∆ ¡Â∂ ¡≈͉∆ ÌÒ≈¬∆ Á∂ Ò¬∆ ÍÛØ: A. ¿∞‘Á∂ «ÓºÂ ωØÕ B. ¿∞√ ˘ «˜øÁ◊∆ Á∂ ‹«Ï¡ª ˘ √Ófi‰ «Á˙Õ C. ¿∞√ ˘ Ï≈‘ Ì∂‹ØÕ D. ¿∞√ ˘ È≈«¬’ ω≈˙Õ E. ⁄ø◊∆¡ª «’Â≈Ϫ ÍÛ∑È Á∂ Ú≈√Â∂ Í∂Ã‰≈ «Á˙Õ F. ⁄ø◊∂ ÁØ√ ω≈˙Õ G. ¿∞‘Á∆¡ª ◊ÒÂ∆¡ª ˘ Ï÷Ù «Á˙Õ H. ¿∞√ ˘ ¡≈͉≈ «˜¡≈Á≈ √Óª «Á˙Õ I. Á»«‹¡ª Á∂ √≈‘Ó‰∂ ¿∞√Á∆ «Èß«Á¡≈ È≈ ’ØÕ A@. ¿∞√ ˘ «˜øÓ∂Á≈ ω≈¿∞‰ Á∂ Ú≈√Â∂ «√º«÷¡≈ «Á˙Õ ’≈‰ √≈‚∆¡ª Ë∆¡ª ˘ Ù«Ó≥Á≈ ‘؉≈ ÍÚ∂Õ ¡√∆∫ ‹Ø ’∞fi Ú∆ ÍÛ∑Á∂, «Ò÷Á∂ ¡Â∂ √Ø⁄Á∂ ‘ª √≈˘ ¿∞È∑ª AA. ¿∞√ ˘ ‘≈ ˘ Ó≥ȉ ¡Â∂ «‹ºÂ Á∆ ÷πÙ∆ ÓÈ≈¿∞‰ Á∂ Ò¬∆ √≈∂ «Ú⁄≈ª ˘ ¿∞È∑ª È≈Ò √ªfi∂ ’È≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ‘ÀÕ √≈˘ ¡≈͉∂ ÂØ∫ Úº«‚¡ª Á≈ ¡≈Á ’È≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ «√º«÷¡≈ «Á˙Õ ‘À ª «’ √≈‚∂ Ϻ⁄∂ Ú∆ «¬√∂ Â∑ª ’ÈÕ AB. ¿∞√ ˘ «˜¡≈Á≈ È≈ ‡Ø’ØÕ ÚÂÓ≈È «Úº⁄ ¡√∆∫ ‹Ø Ú∆ ’Á∂ ‘ª √≈˘ Ô≈Á º÷‰≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ‘À «’ √≈‚∆¡ª Ë∆¡ª √≈˘ Á∂÷ AC. ¿∞√Á∆ Â∞ÒÈ≈ È≈ ’ØÕ ‘∆¡ª ‘ÈÕ ‘Ø √’Á≈ ‘À ¡√∆∫ ’Á∆ ¤Ø‡∆¡ª ¡Â∂ ’Á∆ Úº‚∆¡ª ◊ÒÂ∆¡ª ’Á∂ ‘ج∆¬∂Õ Í √≈˘ “Ó∂∆ AD. ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈Í ˘ ¿∞√ Á∆ ʪ ”Â∂ º÷ ’∂ Á∂÷ØÕ ◊ÒÂ∆ ‘À” ’«‘‰ Á∂ Ú≈√Â∂ ‘Ó∂Ù≈ «Â¡≈ «‘‰≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ‘À, ÙÏÁª «Úº⁄ Ú∆ ¡Â∂ ’Ó «Úº⁄ Ú∆Õ Ô≈Á º÷Ø, Â∞‘≈‚∂ ÍπºÂ ˘ √≈∂ Í≈«√¡ª ÂØ∫ ⁄ø◊≈ ω≈¿∞‰ Á∂ √≈˘ «¬√ Ï≈∂ «Ú⁄ «⁄øÂ≈ È‘∆∫ ’È∆ ⁄≈‘∆Á∆ «’ ¡√∆∫ ‘Ø Ó≈Â≈-«ÍÂ≈ Á∆ Â∑ª ¿∞È∑ª ˘ ’ÙÓ∆ ‹ª Ú≈√Â∂ Ó≈Â≈ «ÍÂ≈ ÁØÚª Á≈ Ì≈◊ ‘πøÁ≈ ‘ÀÕ ◊Ø¡≈ Á∆ √À È‘∆∫ ’Ú≈ √’Á∂, Ï∆.¡ÀÓ.‚Ï«Ò¿± ’≈ «Úº⁄ ’≈Ò‹ ‹ª √’»Ò ¤º‚‰ È‘∆∫ ‹≈ √’Á∂Õ ‹∂’ ¿∞‘ ÍÀ√∂ ÿº‡ ‘؉ Á∆ «⁄øÂ≈ ’Á∆¡ª ‘È Âª √≈˘ ¿∞È∑ª ˘ «¬‘ ’«‘ ’∂ «⁄øÂ≈ ÂØ∫ «‘ ’È≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ‘À «’ Â∞‘≈˘ ºÏ Â∞‘≈‚∆ «˜øÁ◊∆ «Úº⁄ Ï∂‘ºÁ ÷πÙ∆¡ª Á∂Ú∂Õ ¿πÈ∑ª ˘ «¬‘ ¡«‘√≈√ ‘؉≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ‘À «’ ‹ÁØ∫ Ú∆ ¿∞È∑ª Á∆¡ª ¡º÷ª «Úº⁄ ‘øfi» ¡≈¿∞‰◊∂ ª ¿∞‘Ȫ ˘ √≈Î ’È Ú≈√Â∂ ¡√∆∫ ¿∞È∑ª Á∂ È≈Ò ‘ØÚª◊∂Õ Â∞√∆∫ ¿∞È∑ª «Ú⁄≈ª ÂØ∫ ¡≈Í ÈÂ∆‹≈ ’º„ √’Ø ¡Â∂ «¬‘ «Ú⁄≈ Âπ‘≈‚∆ ¡≈͉∆ √Ø⁄ Á∂ Ú≈√Â∂ Óπº÷ √Ø Á∆ Â∑ª ’øÓ ’È◊∂Õ Ô≈Á º÷Ø «’ √≈‚∂ «Ú⁄Ø∫ ’¬∆ ¡«‹‘≈ ⁄≈‘øπÁ∂ ‘È «’ ¡√∆∫ ¡≈͉≈ ¡≈Í Á∆ «˜ßÁ◊∆ Ϻ«⁄¡ª Á∂ Ì«Úº÷ «Úº⁄ Ò≈ Á¬∆¬∂, Í ¡√∆∫ ’≈Î∆ Á∂ Ï≈¡Á «¬‘ ¡È∞ÌÚ ’Á∂ ‘ª «’ ¡√∆∫ «¬√ «ÚÙ∂ ˘ ‚∞øÿ≈¬∆ «Úº⁄ ÒÀ∫Á∂ ‘ج∂ ’≈Î∆ √Óª ÷≈Ï ’ «Ò¡≈ ‘ÀÕ ’Á∆ ’Á∆ Ó≈Â≈-«ÍÂ≈ ˘ «¬º’ Á»‹∂ Á≈ ØÒ

Parivartan May 2014


√≈«‘Â’ √æÊ


ÍØz. ’ßÚÒ‹∆ «√ßÿ „πæ‚∆’∂ Á∆ «’Â≈Ï

‡∆.Ú∆. ”Â∂ ◊∆ª Á≈ ÍÃØ◊≈Ó ⁄Ò «‘≈ √∆Õ √≈≈ ‡ºÏ ÏÛ∂ ◊‘π



Ìπ÷ º ‹∂ È≈ ÓÈ «Ú⁄ ¡≈¿∞∫Á∆

È≈Ò ÍÃØ◊≈Ó Ú∂÷ «‘≈ √∆Õ ¡≥Ó≈ Íë√øÈ∆ Ú∆ ¡≥Á ¡≈ ’∂ ‚Ω ÌΩ


‘ج∆ Ú∂÷‰ Òº◊∆Õ ◊∆ «Ú⁄ Ó≈‚Ò ÒÛ’≈, Ó≈‚Ò ÒÛ’∆ ˘ √Ú∆«Ó≥◊


Í»Ò «Ú⁄Ø∫ ⁄πº’ ’∂ Ï≈‘ «Ò¡≈ «‘≈ √∆Õ ¡≥Ó≈ fiº‡ ÏØÒ∆ “Ú≈÷»”


«’øÈ≈ ‚±øÿ≈ Í≈‰∆ √∆Õ ‚∞ºÏ ⁄ºÒ∆ √∆ «Ú⁄≈∆ ¡ÀÈ≈ Â∂˜ Í≈‰∆ ª

Á∆ Ìπº÷,

«Ú⁄≈∆ Á∂ ’ºÍÛ∂ Ú∆ Ò≈‘ ’∂ ÒÀ «◊¡≈Õ ÌÒ≈ ‘ØÚ∂ Óπø‚∂ Á≈ ‹∆‘È∂ ‡≈¬∆Ó ”Â∂ ¡≈ ’∂ Ï⁄≈¡ «Ò¡≈Õ √≈∂ ’Á∂ È‘∆∫ ’∞ÒÁ∆Í Ì≈◊ «√øÿ Ú≈Ò≈

Óπ√’Û∆¬∂ ‘º√ ‘∂ √ÈÕ

Ï∂ÚÂÈ √∆ ‘؉≈

Ó≈‰ ¡ÍÓ≈È

¤º‚ ’∂

““Ë∆¬∂! ÂÀ˘ «’øÈ∆¡ª ∆fiª È≈Ò ÓÀ∫ Úº‚∂ ÿª Á∆¡ª ’∞Û∆¡ª Úª◊ ‘Ø√‡Ò


”⁄ Á≈÷Ò ’Ú≈«¬¡≈Õ ¡≈͉≈ Í∂‡ ’º‡ ’º‡ ÂÀ˘ ÍÛ∑≈«¬¡≈Õ Â±ø È‘∆∫ ‹≈‰Á∆Õ


¡Ó∆ ’∞Û∆¡ª Á∆ √ø◊ ”⁄ «‘ ’∂ ±≥ ÓΩ‚È Ï‰◊∆Õ ÓÀ˘ Áπº÷ È‘∆∫ √◊Ø∫


Ó≈‰ ¬∂∫Õ ÓÀ∫ ¡≈͉∆ ÓΩ‚È Ë∆ È≈Ò Â∞È≈ ¡≈͉≈ Ó≈‰ √ÓfiÁ∆ √ª, Í

Â∂ πº÷....

±.ø ...”” √π«øÁ √Ø‘Ò

““±ø ’∆ Ó...ª...”” ““Â±ß Óª ˘ Óª ’«‘‰ ÂØ∫ ’Â≈¿∞‰ Òº◊∆ ¬∂∫Õ ¡≈͉∆ ¡ÈÍÛ∑ ◊øÚ≈ Óª È≈Ò Â∞È≈ Âø» ¡≈͉≈ ¡ÍÓ≈È √Ófi‰ Òº◊∆ ¬∂∫Õ”” ““Óª Ó∂∆¡ª √‘∂Ò∆¡ª ’«‘øÁ∆¡ª È∂, Â∂∂ ◊øÁ∂ ’ºÍ«Û¡ª ”⁄Ø∫ ‘Ó∂Ù≈ Ï» ¡≈¿∞∫Á∆ ¬∂!”” ¡≈͉∆ Ú∆ √⁄Á∂Ú≈

Ë∆ Á∂ Ó»ø‘Ø∫ ¡«‹‘∂ ÏØÒ √π‰ Óª Á∂ ÍÀØ∫ ˜Ó∆È «È’Ò ◊¬∆Õ

«√ Á≈ √≈¬∆∫

ÓÀ∫ «Óº‡∆ ¡≈͉∂ ‘π‹∂ Á∆.....

ÿ «Ú¡≈‘ ’∂ ¡≈¬∆ √∆, Â’∆ÏÈ

ÓÀ∫ «Óº‡∆-¡≈͉∂ ‘π‹∂ Á∆....

¿∞√ «ÁÈ ÂØ∫ ‘∆ Ï√ø «√øÿ ؘ ≈Â

«¬√ «Óº‡∆ ˘ È∆∫ ’∆ ω∆¡ª

˘ Á≈» Í∆ ’∂ «¤øÁØ ˘ ’∞º‡Á≈ Ó≈Á≈

ÒØ’ ’‘∂ - ÓºÊ∂ Á∆¡ª Ò∆’ª

¡≈ «‘≈ √∆Õ ‘π‰ ª ÁØ Ïº⁄∂ Ú∆ A@-

Í «¬‘ Ò∆’ª «’√È∂ ÷π‰∆¡ª?

AB √≈Ò Á∂ ‘Ø ◊¬∂ √ÈÕ ÍÂ∆ Ï√øÂ

Í∆∫ÿ √øË»∆ ¿∞‘Á∂ Ú≈Òª ”⁄ È≈ ¡≈¬∆ Ș

ÓÀ∫ ⁄πºÍ ‘ª ¡≥Â È≈Á ‹‘∆

«√øÿ ÂØ∫ ؘ ’πº‡ ÷≈‰ Á∆ ‘π‰ «¤øÁØ ˘

¿∞√ Á∆¡ª Ï≈‘ª ”⁄ ¤‰-¤‰ È≈ «ÓÒ∆, ÓÀ∫ Ø «Í¡≈Õ

«¤øÁØ «‹√ «ÁÈ Á∆ Ï√ø «√øÿ Á∂

ËπºÍ ”⁄ √ÛÁ∂ ˘ ‹ÁØ∫ ¡º‹ ¤ª «ÓÒ∆, ÓÀ∫ Ø «Í¡≈Õ Ï≈¡Á ÓπºÁ Á∂ √∆ ÓÀ˘ Óª «ÓÒ∆, ÓÀ∫ Ø «Í¡≈Õ ˙‘∆ ◊ÒÚ’Û∆ √∆ ıÙÏ» ˙‘∆ «ÂzÍÂ≈ Á∆ fiÒ’ ؉ ˘ √∆ ‹Á ÓπÈ≈«√Ï Êª «ÓÒ∆, ÓÀ∫ Ø «Í¡≈Õ

ÓÀ∫ ˱È∆ ÓØ Á∂ Óπ‹∂ Á∆...

¡≈Á «‹‘∆ ÍÀ ◊¬∆ √∆Õ «‹√ «ÁÈ √∆ ¿∞Á∑∂ ÈÀ‰ª ”⁄ «⁄øÂ≈ fiØ«¡ª Á≈ ÓØÂ∆¡≈

ÓÀ∫ «Óº‡∆ - ¡≈͉∂ ‘π‹∂ Á∆....

‘π‰ ¿∞√ ˘ ÍÂ∆ Á∆ Ó≈ È≈ ÍÀ∫Á∆ ¿∞√ ˘ ¡≈͉≈ ’∞fi ◊π¡≈⁄≈ ◊π¡≈⁄≈

’≈«¬¡≈ ˘ ‹Á ’≈«¬¡≈ ‚ø◊∂

Ò◊Á≈ Í ¡⁄≈È’ «¬’ «ÁÈ Ï√ø «√øÿ Á≈ Á≈» Á∆ ÒØ «Ú⁄

«‹‘Û∆ ºÂ ◊ª «Úº⁄ Úº√∂

¡À’√∆‚À∫‡ ‘Ø «◊¡≈ Â∂ ¿∞√ Á∆ ÓΩ ‘Ø ◊¬∆Õ «¤øÁØ ÏÛ∆ ج∆ ’∞Ò≈¬∆,

‹Ø ’Á∂ Óπ√’≈È Á∂ ÎπºÒª Á∆ Ú≈Á∆ Úª◊ √È

¿∞‘∆¿∞ ºÂ «√ª ÂØ∫ ¶ÿ∂...

Á√ Ï≈ª «ÁÈ Âª ¿∞√ Á∂ Ø∫Á∂ ‘∆ «È’Ò ◊¬∂ Í ‘π‰ ‹ÁØ∫ Ú∆ Ù≈Ó

‘π‰ ¿∞È∑ª ÏπºÒ∑ª ”Â∂ ‹Á ⁄πºÍ-⁄ª «ÓÒ∆, ÓÀ∫ Ø «Í¡≈Õ

¿∞√ Á∂ Óπº÷ ”Â∂ √Á«Ó¡ª Á∆ ¤ª «ÓÒ∆, ÓÀ∫ Ø «Í¡≈Õ

Â∂ ‘ ’≈«¬¡≈ ˘ ÌπºÒ «◊¡≈

ÍÀ∫Á∆ ª ¿∞‘ Ú∂Ò≈ ‘πøÁ≈ ‹ÁØ∫ ¿π√ Á≈ ÍÂ∆ ¿π√ ˘ ’∞º‡Á≈ √∆ ¿∞√ Ú∂Ò∂

‘π‰ È‘∆∫ Ï⁄Á≈, √Ófi’∂, ‘º√ «Í¡≈ ’Óª ”Â∂ ÓÀ∫

ÓÀ∫ - Ò∆’ ºÏ Á∂ Ù‹∂ Á∆.....

¿π√ Á∂ √∆ «Ú⁄ ⁄∆√ª ÍÀ‰ Ò◊Á∆¡ª Â∂ ¿∞‘ ºÏ ˘ ¿∞Ò≈Ó≈ «ÁøÁ∆ «’

‚∞ºÏ ‘∂ ˘ ¡≈√∂ Á∆ Ϫ‘ «ÓÒ∆, ÓÀ∫ Ø «Í¡≈Õ

ÓÀ∫ «Óº‡∆ - ¡≈͉∂ ‘π‹∂ Á∆Õ

ºÏ≈ «’¿∞∫ ⁄º’ «Ò¡≈ Ó∂∂ «√ Á∂ √≈¬∆∫ ˘ Ì≈Ú∂∫ ¿∞‘ ؘ Á≈» Í∆ ’∂ Ó∂∆ ÌØ◊Á≈ Ï∂◊≈È◊∆ ͺÊ «‹‘≈ √ª ‘Ø «◊¡≈

¡ß«ÓzÂ≈ Íz∆ÂÓ

Áπ◊Â∆ ‘∆ ’Á≈ √∆ Í Ó∂∂ ’ØÒ Âª √∆Õ

◊πÈ≈Ó «√øÿ ⁄∆Ó≈ ¡‹ÈÏ∆ ≈‘ª ”⁄ Ó∂∆ Óª «ÓÒ∆, ÓÀ∫ Ø «Í¡≈Õ

⁄øÁ≈ ÷≈ÈÁ≈È Ù≈Ï∆

Ú˜∆ «√øÿ Â∂ Ï√ø ’Ω Á≈ «¬’Ø «¬’ ÍπºÂ √∆Õ ÏÛ∂ ⁄≈Úª ÓÒ≈ª È≈Ò Í≈Ò ÍØ√ ’∂ Úº‚≈ ’∆Â≈ √∆Õ ‘º‚ ÌøÈÚ∆∫ «Ó‘È ’’∂ ¿∞√ ˘ ÈΩ’∆ ÁÚ≈¬∆ √∆Õ ¿∞‘

√Û’ «Ú⁄’≈ «¬’ ÏøÁ≈ Ù≈Ï

√Ø⁄Á∂ √È «’ Óπø‚≈ ÈΩ’∆ Òº◊ «◊¡≈ ‘À Â∂ «Ú¡≈‘ ‘؉ ”Â∂ ⁄ÒØ «¬√ Á∆ ÿ Ú≈Ò∆

Á∂ ÈÙ∂ «Ú⁄ ‡πøÈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ «‚«◊¡≈

√≈‚∆ √∂Ú≈ ’∂◊∆Õ Í ¡‹∂ «Ú¡≈‘ ˘ Ó‘∆È≈ ‘∆ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ √∆ ª Ï‘» ≈‰∆ È∂ ≈Â

«Í¡≈ √∆Õ ’≈Î∆ Á∂ ’Ø«ÙÙ ’Á≈

˘ ‘∆ ¡≈͉≈ √≈Ó≈È Úº÷ ’ «Ò¡≈ Â∂ ’«‘øÁ∆ √∆ «’ ÓÀÊØ∫ È‘∆∫ ÏπÛ∂ ÏπÛ∆ Á∆¡ª

«‘≈ Í ÷Û∑≈ È≈ ‘Ø √«’¡≈Õ ¡≈Ò∂

؇∆¡ª ͺ’Á∆¡ª, «¬‘ √π‰ Ï√ø ’Ω √πøÈ ‘Ø ◊¬∆Õ ¡‹∂ ¿∞‘ ◊ºÒª ’ ‘∆ ‘∆ √∆

Áπ¡≈Ò∂ ÒØ’∆∫ ÷Û∑∂ Á∂÷ ‘∂ √∆, ÂÁ

«’ ‡ÀÒ∆ÎØÈ Á∆ ÿ≥‡∆ Úº‹∆, ÓÈ‹∆ Á∂ Í∂«’¡ª ÂØ∫ ÎØÈ √��� «’ ¿∞√ Á∂ Ì≈ Á∆ Ú‘π‡∆

¿∞È∑ª «Ú⁄Ø∫ «¬’ È∂ «’‘≈, ““«¬‘Á∆

«‹È∑ª Á≈ ¡‹∂ «Í¤Ò∂ ‘ÎÂ∂ ‘∆ «Ú¡≈‘ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ √∆ ¿∞‘ ¿∞√ Á∆ Óª ÂØ∫ Úº÷ ‘؉≈

‹∂Ï Á∂÷ Ò˙, ‹∂ ’ج∆ ÍÂ≈ «‡’≈‰≈

⁄≈‘øπÁ∂ √È «’¿∞∫«’ ¿∞‘ Óª Á≈ ÷⁄≈ ⁄πº’‰ Ò¬∆ «Â¡≈ È‘∆∫ √ÈÕ ÓÈ‹∆ ÎØÈ

ÒºÌÁ≈ ‘À ª «’Ù∂ ”⁄ ÿ∂ Ì∂‹ «ÁøÁ∂

√π‰ ’∂ ÏπÛÏπÛ≈¿∞∫Á∆ ‘ج∆ Ï≈‘ ¡≈ ◊¬∆ «’ «’‘Û∂ ⁄øÁ∂ ÷≈ÈÁ≈È Á∆ ¡≈¬∆ ‘À,

‘ªÕ ¡ÀÚ∂∫ √º‡ Î∂‡ ÷≈ ÏÀ·±◊≈Õ””

«‹‘Û∆ Ó∂∆ Óª Á∆ ؇∆ Ú∆ È‘∆∫ Í’≈ √’Á∆, ¡‹∂ «Ú¡≈‘ ˘ ‘ÎÂ≈ Ú∆ È‘∆∫ ‘Ø«¬¡≈, Úº÷ ‘؉ Á∆¡ª ◊ºÒª

ÂÁ Ïø«Á¡ª È∂ ¿∞√ Á∆¡ª ‹∂Ϫ ÎØÒ∆¡ª ª ¿∞√ «Ú⁄Ø∫

’È Òº◊ ͬ∆ ¬∂Õ ¿∞√ Á∆¡ª ◊ºÒª √π‰ ’∂ Ï√ø ’Ω ⁄øÁ∂ ÷≈ÈÁ≈È Ï≈∂ √Ø⁄ ‘∆ √∆ «’ ⁄øÁ≈ ÷≈ÈÁ≈È

«¬’ Í«‘⁄≈‰ ͺÂ «È’«Ò¡≈ «‹√ ÂØ∫ ÍÂ≈ Òº◊≈ «’ ¿∞‘

¿∞√ Á≈ ‘À ‹ª ¿∞√ Á∆ ˘‘ Á≈Õ

◊πÈ≈Ó «√øÿ ⁄∆Ó≈

«¬’ ÈÙ≈ ¤‚≈¿± ’∂∫Á Á≈ Óπ÷∆ ‘ÀÕ

«ÚÈØÁ «ÓºÂÒ √Ó≈‰≈

Long, long ago, a peasant lived in a village called

mongoose got the better

Madhopur. The peasant, named Banarsi, was just a

of him and killed the co-

simpleton. His family comprised only three persons

bra tearing its body. Puffed up at its tri-

- he himself, his wife Sharmili and their three-

umph, the mongoose

month son.

came out of the room

One day Banarsi was returning home after his day’s work in his fields. Suddenly he saw a little


mongoose lying on the wayside. Picking it up, he

threshold of the



brought it home.

doorway. Its mouth paws


“What is it?” asked Sharmili



“A small mongoose; I found it on the way and

smudged with the snake’s blood.

so I have brought it for our dear son to play with,”

When Sharmili re-

replied Banarsi.

turned from the market,

Days went by followed by weeks and months. The peasant’s son and the mongoose kept growing up side by

she saw the mongoose at the doorway.

side. His son was now eight months old.

Seeing its bloodstained mouth and paws,

One day Sharmili said her husband, “Darling! I am going to

she jumped to the conclusion that the mon-

market along with other ladies in order to buy articles of daily use.

goose had killed her son. She picked up the

Take care of the boy. He is sleeping soundly in the cradle.”

pitcher lying near by and flung it on the head

“Don’t worry, dear. Even if I have to be away, our mongoose is

of the mongoose shouting, “You wretch! Why have you killed my son? Is that the way to re-

there,” retorted Banarsi. “No, not at all. A wild animal is after all an animal. Finding our

pay what we did for you?” she cried. Then throwing her articles there on the

son alone, it may attack him,” said Sharmili thoughtfully. “Animals are far more faithful than human being, dear. How-

ground, she began to bewail bitterly and

ever, rest assured; I won’t leave the house until you return,” said

ran towards the cradle “Sonny, O my dear



Sharmili left for the market. A few minutes later, a messenger of

Great was Sharmili’s surprise when she saw her son sleeping

village sarpanch approached Banarsi and said “Banarsi, the

safely in the cradle and dead cobra lying by its side. She lost no

sarpanch has sent for you for some urgent work.”

time to follow what had actually happened. She now knew that

Banarsi said, “My wife has gone shopping. Let her come back;

mongoose had saved her son from the cobra. Sharmili ran back to the doorway but the mongoose had

I shall come then.”

breathed its last. She repented of what she had done in haste. She

“No, the sarpanch wants you immediately,” said the mes-

wailed mournfully. “What a grave sin I have done! I have killed the


saviour of my son. God will never pardon me. I must be punished

Banarsi was in a fix.


to offend the village-

severely for my misdeed.”

ance that he

Sharmili’s wails attracted a crowd. When the people heard the

But he did not want

story of the mongoose, they were all praise for it. Just then Banarsi

mindful of the assurhad given to her wife.


returned home too.

head either. sarpanch

Seeing his pet lying dead, he burst into tears. He said to Sharmili.

leaving his infant

son alone to be

It is true that mother loves her son, but you were a mother to mon-

looked after by the


goose too. You had brought it up with your hands. Why did you kill




it then?”

left, a black cobra



Sharmili folded her hands and said, “Forgive me, dear. I am a

crawl towards the

sinner. I suspected the pet for nothing and killed it in haste. I am a

He chose to go to


house. It began to


killer.” Saying so, she began to weep bitterly.

cradle slowly. The


goose, a sworn enemy

“It is no use crying now Sharmili. Learn a lesson from what you

of snakes, saw the co-

have done. Anything, done in haste without properly thinking over it,

bra in time and ran to-

always leads to bad results,” said Banarsi.

wards it. The snake put up fiery attacks on the

The couple then buried the dead mongoose. Banarsi prayed to God, “May the soul of my dear pet rest in peace!” he also begged his pardon for the sin committed by his wife.


Parivartan May 2014

New Government

The nation has nearly com-

With that preamble, let me

pleted the electoral process for

now come to the main focus

electing a new government.

of this article, viz. the security

This has undoubtedly been an

of the nation.

extremely important and in

As I mentioned earlier, it is

many ways a landmark elec-

‘change’ that is in the offing

tion. It has been the most hard-

and expected by the nation.

fought; the longest process in


terms of electoral phases; the

plethora of issues, but per-

highest number and percent-

haps the two most important

age of votes polled; the maxi-

are a ‘secure’ and an ‘eco-

mum number of first-time vot-

nomically robust’ nation. Other

ers; a highly charged process,

aspects will then fall automati-

characterized at times by ‘be-

cally in place. While I will leave

low the belt’ utterances; and a

the latter aspect to the econo-

polarizing election in every re-

mists and development gu-


rus, I do want to dilate on the



Why ?

security aspects, for which I do

The obvious reason is the

have some expertise.

disillusionment of the polity

There is no doubt that the

with the electoral system that

armed forces of India have

has over the last six decades

once again reached their low-

deteriorated and congealed to

est point since the major de-

such an extent that practically

bacle of 1962 that had brought

everyone except the die-hard

humiliation and shame to the

players themselves (who are

entire nation. The reasons are

derisively referred to as the

so similar that it is frightening

self-centered and the ‘loot &

to even contemplate the enor-

scoot’ politicos), have reached

mity of the situation. It was the

the proverbial last straw. Wit-

utter neglect of the Indian Mili-

ness the rapid and meteoric

tary; gross interference in its

rise of the AamAadmi Party

domestic affairs; forming a

(AAP), which signifies the

clique of loyalists and subvert-

yearning for ‘change’ and the

ing them; ignoring profes-

unacceptability of the political

sional advice and listening to

system that has rotted to the

generalists of many hues, who

core. The AAP has kindled a

lacked even basic knowledge

flame and brought hope to the

of ‘affairs military’; and starv-

polity and has scared the es-

ing it of much-needed funds

tablished parties witless! No

that the much vaunted and ex-

doubt AAP will need a lot more

perienced military machine of

time and a lot more experience

the nation crumbled when

to do another ‘Delhi’, but they

push came to shove in the

have served their purpose ef-

autumn of 1962.

fectively. Now, everyone is look-

It was the same military that

ing forward to the establishment of a new and accountable gov-

had done so much to staunch the blood flow brought about by the

ernment. One does not have to be a rocket scientist, a media

Partition of the country by self-serving politicians and the same

honcho, a futurologist or an election specialist to predict that later

military that had saved Kashmir for the nation from the marauding

this month, the much expected new government will be formed.

hordes unleashed by Pakistan. If the political leadership had lis-

Even an apolitical (not to be confused with politically naïve) person

tened to military advice, the Indian Military would have laid to rest

like me is sure of this!

the so-called Kashmir question. However, the political leadership

New Government

Parivartan May 2014


of the time had ignored military advice and instead listened to incompetent advisers, resulting in the continuing of this festering sore that seems to have no end in sight. Another action of the same advisers was to sow the seed of fear of ‘the man on horseback’. This scared the political leadership to such an extent that the Indian Military was allowed to be downgraded. The result is the steady deterioration of the nation’s military and hence its security. This must change, so that the symbiotic relationship between economic recovery and security issues is maintained. If the new government is serious about enhancing security of the nation, it needs to take initiatives on an urgent basis in a number of related fields. In this paper I intend to suggest measures only at the policy level. Once these are accepted and implemented, follow-up

ning is jointly by military officers and bureaucrats. This will ensure

actions can follow to complete the process.

that decisions are taken holistically, as opposed to the present

The first and the most important action the government needs to take is to roll-back the decision taken over five decades back

MoD manned exclusively by civil officials, which acts as a supra organization lording over the armed forces of the nation.

that placed the armed forces outside the government and made

The fifth is to initiate urgent measures for the simplification of

them into so-called ‘attached offices’ of the Ministry of Defence. A

financial vetting procedures; delegation of powers for capital pro-

few ministries do have such so-called ‘attached offices’, like the

curements; increasing the processing capacity of the procurement

Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has the ‘Dance & Drama

authorities; proceeding rapidly towards joint endeavours; placing

Division’, but it is simply preposterous and indeed blasphemous

professional experts in important positions; setting in motion the

to have the 1.3 million Indian Military equated in this fashion.

comprehensive restructuring of ordnance factories, defence PSUs

The second important action is to restore the standing and re-

and DRDO; and opening defence production to the trade.

spect that the armed forces had in the past, which has been steadily

It is no body’s case that all the above can and should be de-

and deliberately eroded over the decades by the self-centered

cided and implemented immediately and without due delibera-

bureaucracy and where the political leadership failed, either delib-

tions. However, the new government must set up at the earliest a

erately or by default, to apply its mind and stop the process.

Military Commission in the nature of a Blue Ribbon Commission

The third is to establish mechanisms and institutions that en-

like the British have done on more than one occasion, but ensur-

sure that the political leadership interacts directly and frequently

ing that it has military members along with civil officials and it is

with the military hierarchy and not through a generalist bureau-

chaired by a political leader of experience who understands ‘mat-

cracy that neither understands nor has a stake in the security of the

ters military’.

nation. The present archaic and peculiar system of interacting with

Such a Commission should be set up by an act of Parliament

the military hierarchy through middlemen like bureaucrats, diplo-

so that it has the necessary authority and has the power to get its

mats and other civil officials must be discarded forthwith.

recommendations implemented.

The fourth is to have a Department of Defence wherein the service headquarters and the MoD are fully integrated and its man-

Let me end this piece by stating that there are many other issues of importance that impinge on the security of the nation, but they will have to wait for the present so that the new government does not get saddled with too many suggestions/ recommendations, resulting in “missing


wood for the trees”!! Lt General Vijay Oberoi

Politics is indeed a strange affair. And we are not talking about politicians who make false promises to win votes here. What is more shocking is the fact that our so-called lawmakers are also seen as lawbreakers. With the election mania taking over our lives, we got thinking about those politicians who have criminal records against their names. Here are some prominent leaders who were accused of cheating, frauds et al. Name: Parkash Singh Badal Chief Minister of Punjab Party: Shiromani Akali Dal Charges: Cheating, possessing assets disproportionate to known sources of income. Trial result: Acquitted after witnesses turned hostile. Name: Ashok Chavan Chief Minister of Maharashtra Party: Indian National Congress Charges: Adarsh Housing Society Scam Trial Result: Accused by CBI, trial pending. Name: A. Raja Member of the 15th Lok Sabha representing the Nilgiris constituency of Tamil Nadu Party: Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) Charges: 2G spectrum scam Trial Result: Raja was arrested on February 2, 2011 and was in judicial custody for 15 months in Tihar Jail. Name: Lalu Prasad Yadav Former minister of railways Party: Rashtriya Janata Dal Charges: Fodder scam Trial Result: He was awarded a sentence of five years of rigorous imprisonment and Rs. 25 lakhs as fine. Name: Suresh Kalmadi Member of Parliament from Pune Party: Indian National Congress Charges: Criminal conspiracy and cheating related to 2010 Commonwealth Games Trial Result: Indicted and arrested, released on bail. To be continued page no 11

With the elections looming over

Mahendra Prasad

us, and the faces of Rahul Gandhi,

Believe it or not, the second richest politician of India hails from

Narendra Modi and Arvind Kejriwal

Bihar too. With a total asset of Rs.683 crore, Mahendra Prasad,

plastered about town, politics is on

who is also called King Mahendra in political circles, is currently

everybody's mind.

serving his sixth consecutive term in the Upper House. He has a

Paul Wellstone once said “Politics isn't about big money or power

pharmaceutical business and is raking in the big moolah because of that.

games; it's about the improvement

Vijay Mallya

of people's lives.”

In the third position is liquor baron, Vijay Mallya. Mallya, who has

But we couldn't help but wonder

numerous cars and houses all around the world along with nu-

how much money our Indian politi-

merous businesses, is a Rajya Sabha member and has assets

cians make.

worth Rs.615 crores. And he actually thought we'd believe he's

With measly salaries, how do they


they all have sprawling mansions

Jaya Bachchan

and cars you want to make your

The former actress and member of the Rajya Sabha from UP

own? Let’s take a look at their bank

has total assets of Rs. 484 crores. Phew! Jaya who along with

balances and find out the wealthi-

husband Amitabh Bachchan owns houses in all the posh locali-

est of them all.

ties in Mumbai along with many cars. She has Rs.344 crore mov-

Disclaimer: The facts and figures

able assets and Rs.140 crore immovable.

in the story might vary with time and

Jagan Mohan Reddy

may not be entirely accurate.

Jagan Mohan Reddy, the son of former Andhra Pradesh chief

Ravindra Kishore Sinha: Mr Sinha

minister YSR Reddy, is in the fifth position with a net worth of

is the richest politician in India.

Rs.446 crores. He is a member of the Lok Sabha and owns Rs.407

He started with a job that paid

crore of movable assets and Rs 39 crore of immovable assets.

Rs.230 a month as a reporter in

He was charged under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 for

Patna and today is the owner of Se-

amassing wealth at an enormous scale by providing favours to

curity and Intelligence Services (SIS)

businesses. Guess that’s where the money came from! He re-

India Private Ltd. With his personal

cently was released from jail on bail.

wealth pegged at Rs.857 crores he

T Subbarami Reddy

also owns a fleet of cars ranging

T Subbarami Reddy, a MP from Andhra Pradesh who is a mem-

from Mercedes, Land Rover and Audi

ber of the Rajya Sabha has a net worth of Rs.258 crores. The

to Innova etc. Hailing from one of the

politician who is also a producer and has received a national award

poorest states in the country, Bihar,

for his movies, owns Rs.207 crores of movable and Rs.51 crores

he is the richest politician around.

of immovable assets.


Parivartan May 2014


Abhishek Manu Singhvi A member of

Name: Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy Member of Parliament of India from Kadapa constituency

parliament and

Party: YSR Congress

former spokes-

Charges: Accumulating huge

person of the In-

wealth disproportionate to his known


sources of income.


Congress, the Harvard

Trial Result: From May 2012 till


September 2013, he was in jail but

cated Abhishek

after 16 months, a special CBI court

Manu Singhvi is

granted him bail. He is not permitted

seventh on this

to leave Andhra Pradesh.

list. He owns

Name: Madhu Koda

movable assets worth







crores and im-

Party: Independent member when convicted.

movable assets

Charges: Madhu Koda mining scam


Trial Result: In jail since 2009, investigation pending.


crores. He is

Name: Narendra Modi

also a senior ad-

Chief Minister of Gujarat


Party: Bharatiya Janata Party

Satyanarayana Chowdary

Trial Result: Acquitted

Satyanarayana Chowdary from the Desam

Telugu Party

represents Andhra Pradesh in Rajya Sabha. Chowdary has Rs.190 crore of assets


comes in eighth on the list of India's richest politicians. He has Rs. 178 crore of movable and Rs.12 crore of immovable assets. Anil H Lad A member of parliament Anil H Lad has Rs.179 crores of assets. He owns mining companies and has Rs.113 crores of movable and Rs. 66 crores of immovable assets. Nama Nageswara Rao Nama Nageswara Rao is a member of the Lok Sabha representing Andhra Pradesh and is 10th on this list. With total assets worth Rs.174 crore, out of which Rs.142 crore are movable and Rs.32 crore immovable, he is one of the richest politicians in the country.

Charges: The Gujarat riot cases of 2002 Name: Sonia Gandhi Party: Indian National Congress Charges: For shielding and protecting the leaders of her party who were allegedly involved in the anti-Sikh riots in India in 1984. Trial Result: Trial pending.


Parivartan May 2014

Indian Election

ÂÚ≈Ô¯ ’∆ Óª◊ Ó∂∫ «√ßÁ±, ¶◊± ’∂ ‘≈Ê Ó∂∫ ¡ß◊± Ï◊πÒ∂ ’∆ ⁄Ø∫⁄ Ó∂∫ ‘∆≈, ¿±∫‡ ’∂ Óß±‘ Ó∂∫ ‹∆≈Õ ÏßÁØ∫ ’∂ Í≈√ ’≈, ◊ËØ∫ ’∂ ‘≈Ê Ó∂∫ √’≈Õ .... ’À√∂ ’À√∂ ’≈È≈Ó∂ ‘Ø ‘∂ ˛∫, ¡Ω ¡≈Í ‹≈¬∆ ˙∫‚ ’∂ √Ø ‘∂ ˛∫Õ ≈‘πÒ ◊ªË∆ ¡≈‹ ‹Ø Ì∆ ˛ ÚØ ÍπÙØ∫ ’∆ Ú‹‘ √∂ ˛ ¡Ω ¡«ÚßÁ ’∂‹∆Ú≈Ò ‹Ø Ì∆ ˛ ÚØ Ó±÷Ø∫ ’∆ Ú‹‘ √∂ ˛Õ ¡‚Ú≈È∆ ¿π√ αÎ≈ ’∆ Â‘ È≈≈˜ ˛, «‹√ ’Ø Ï≈ Ó∂∫ ’≈ ’∆ ‹◊‘, Ï√ Ó∂∫ «Ï·≈ «Á¡≈ ◊Ô≈ ‘ØÕ «¬√ Á∂Ù Ó∂∫ ÁØ ⁄∆˜∂∫ ¡À√∆ ˛∫ «‹È ’Ø ¡≈‹’Ò ’ج∆ È‘∆∫ √πÈÂ≈ - ¬∂√ ¡≈’≈ÙÏ≈È∆ ¡Ω Á±√≈ ¡‚Ú≈È∆Õ ‹√Úß «√ßÿ ‹∆ ÈØ’∆¡≈ ’∂ ¿π√ ÓØÏ≈¬∆Ò ’∂ ‹À√∂ ˛∫ «‹√ ’∂ ˜Ó≈È∂ ÂØ ÒæÁ ◊¬∂ ˛∫, Í ¡ÍÈ∆ ÏÀ‡∆ Ò≈¬∆¯ ’∆ «Ó√≈Ò Á∂Â∂ ‘±¬∂ ÚØ ÓÀÁ≈È ¤ØÛÈ∂ ’Ø ≈˜∆ È‘∆∫ ˛Õ √≈Ê ‘∆ «¬È «ÁÈØ∫ ÓØÁ∆ ’Ø Î√≈È∂ ’∂ ⁄æ’ Ó∂∫ ’ª◊√ Á∆ ‘≈Ò ¿π√ Ï≈ÏπÒ∆ Ï‘± ‹À√∆ ‘Ø ◊¬∆ ˛ ‹Ø ¡ÍÈ∂ √√π √∂ ÍÁ≈ ’È∂ ’∆ ‹ÒÁÏ≈‹∆ Ó∂∫ ¸È∆ ’∆ ‹◊‘ ÿ≈ÿ∂ √∂ ¡ÍÈ≈ Óß±‘ „’ Ò∂Â∆ ˛Õ ’∂‹∆Ú≈Ò ’Ø ÔÁ∆ Ï≈Ê±Ó Ó∂∫ Ì∆ «˜¡≈Á≈ Á∂ Ò◊Â∆ ˛ ÂØ Ï≈‘ √∂ ÁÚ≈˜≈ ÷‡÷‡≈’ Ï∆Ï∆ ͱ¤Â∆ ˛, ÎzÀÙ ‘Ø ‘∂ ‘Ø Ô≈ ËÈ∂ Í ÏÀ·∂ ‘ØÕ ÏÒÀ’Ó∂Ò ’È∂ ’∆ ‘Á ÂØ Á∂÷∂∫.... ¬∂’ Ì∆÷≈∆ ¬∂’ ÏØ‚ Í’Û ’ ÏÀ·≈ Ê≈, «‹√ Í «Ò÷≈ Ê≈ “Óπfi∂ ÍÀ√∂ Á≈È ’∂∫, È‘∆∫ ÂØ ÓÀ∫ ’ª◊√ ’Ø Ú؇ ’ «Î «‹Â≈ Á±ß◊≈ ¡Ω «Î ¡≈Í’Ø Ì∆ Ó∂  ∂ √≈Ê Ô‘ª ÏÀ · ’ Ì∆÷ Óª◊È∆ ÍÛ∂◊∆Õ √Ø⁄ Ò∂∫, ÎÀ√Ò≈ ¡≈Í’∂ ‘≈Ê Ó∂∫ ˛Õ ¬∂’ ¡≈ÁÓ∆ ‹ß◊Ò √∂ Óπ◊≈ Í’Û ’ Ò≈Ô≈, √Ø⁄≈.... ¡≈‹ Ì Í∂‡ ÷≈È≈ ÷≈¿±∫◊≈....., ÿ ¡≈Ô≈.....Á∂÷≈.....

◊À√ È‘∆∫..... ’∂Ø«√È È‘∆∫.... «Î √Ø⁄≈.... ‘∆‡ Í ◊Ó ’ Ò±ß.... ÂØ «Ï‹Ò∆ È‘∆∫.... Ê’ ’ ÚØ Óπ◊∂ ’Ø ‹ß◊Ò Ó∂∫ ¤ØÛ ¡≈Ô≈....

Óπ  ◊≈ ≈ Ì.....‹ß ◊ Ò Ó∂∫....È≈∂ Ò◊≈Â≈ ‘≈.... ’ª◊√ Í≈‡∆..... «˜ßÁ≈Ï≈Á.... ’ª◊√ Í≈‡∆..... «‹ßÁ≈Ï≈Á....’ª◊√ Í≈‡∆.... «˜ßÁ≈Ï≈ÁÕ


Parivartan May 2014


South Asian migration to Aus-

beautiful clothes, goods, all things

tralia is a recent phenomenon,

exotic, and a fleeting glimpse of

spanning just the past few de-

the big wide world beyond their

cades. But not many of us know


that our Sikh forefathers first came

The Australian men liked the

to Australia more than 150 years

hawkers because they were tough

ago - at a time when the dust was

- they knew how to survive in diffi-

yet to settle from the fall of Ranjit

cult bush land and, more impor-

Singh’s empire.

tantly, they played cricket!

Displaying their true enterpris-

The Aussie kids adored the

ing spirit, they crossed the seven

hawkers because of the stories

seas to come to the land Down

they told of another world, because

Under, in search of a better

of their playful spirit and their won-

lifestyle and wages, and quickly

derfully aromatic curries.

endeared themselves to the local

Now meet Len Kenna, an Aus-

population here. Country towns all

tralian historian, playwright and

over Australia are dotted with

poet who has been commissioned

memories of these brave Punjabi

by the Victorian government to

migrants, who seem to have been

write the official history of Indian

welcomed by the locals despite

migration to Victoria (the south-

the official “White Australia” policy.

eastern state of Australia with

Sadly, they are also forgotten

Melbourne as its capital city). His

in the annals of history.

brief is to ‘research and preserve

Initially, the migrants from In-

anything of Indian cultural signifi-

dia were indentured labourers,

cance’ in Victoria. Although the

who worked on sheep stations

subject matter of his research can’t

and farms around Australia.

be released yet, he is convinced

Some adventurers followed dur-

that Indian migration to Australia

ing the gold rush of the 1850’s.

began a long time ago. He per-

A census from 1861 indicates

sonally remembers a hawker by

that there were around 200 Indi-

the name of Gunter Singh (prob-

ans in Victoria of whom 20 were

ably Ganda Singh), who came to

in Ballarat, the town which was at

his house in Hamilton (in county

the epicenter of the gold rush.

Victoria) where he grew up in the

Thereafter, many more came and


worked as hawkers - going from

Says Kenna: “The Indian hawk-

house to house, town to town, tra-

ers were better educated than

versing thousands of kilometers,

most others in those days, they

making a living by selling a variety

were polite and well-cultured. They

of products.

spoke English, so we had great

A record of shipping arrivals of the day shows that S.S Clitus

conversations. I used to hop into Gunter Singh’s horse wagon,

and S.S. Jullundur arrived in Melbourne in 1898 carrying many

marvel at his goods and listen to his stories all night. I shared

Punjabis, some of whom like Nutta Singh, Hurman Singh, Indur

some scones with him and he cooked absolutely wonderful cur-

Singh, Isur Singh, Sundi and Sunda Singh went on to become

ries for us. That smell is still fresh in my mind, so many decades

hawkers. (Please note that the names were written phonetically


by a clerk on arrival, so the spellings are as recorded, not necessarily as they are meant to be spelt).

Kenna says his mother and her friend used to take turns to wash Gunter Singh’s turbans and Singh cooked for them in return.

There is enough anecdotal evidence from local Australians

“I remember those bright turbans on our clothesline, flapping wildly

that the Sikh hawkers were much loved members of the commu-

in the wind,” recalls Kenna. He adds, “The country women loved

nity. The womenfolk loved them because they provided a wel-

the Sikh hawkers. They were such a wonderful change from the

come break from their mundane existence - the hawkers brought

Aussie farm men who were stuck knee-deep in cow manure for

Sikh History most of the day and


still treated their

ashes. Many death

women with an air

notices published

of Victorian superi-

in newspapers of

ority. The women

more than a cen-

loved the way the

tury ago indicate

hawkers respected

relocation of ashes

them and treated

to India, ‘to be dis-

them like ‘ladies’!”


As a tribute to these




Ganges’, or according to the last

Kenna penned a

wishes of the de-

play, ‘It happened

ceased. Hawking


has been staged in

those days was a







in Heywood’, which

Parivartan May 2014


many country towns

ness, but required

of Victoria. At the

a lot of grit and hard

end of many shows, people from the audience have come up and

work. The sheer distances between towns in Australia could prove

shared their own memories of the Sikh hawkers and Kenna is

prohibitive for some people, but Sikh hawkers seemed to thrive on

hoping to preserve all of these stories for posterity.

it. According to the records, 213 country licenses were issued for

‘It Happened in Heywood’ revolves around a true story of three

hawkers in Hamilton alone, which is just one of the country towns

Sikh brothers, who were all hawkers near the country town of

of Victoria. It is mind-boggling to think of what the actual population

Heywood around the year 1900. One of the brothers was burnt

of Sikh hawkers might have been Australia-wide, especially since

alive while sleeping in his wagon overnight - apparently these

there were many more Indians in New South Wales compared to

horse wagons were extremely flammable being made of wood


and canvas, and would burn down completely in a matter of sec-

According to the Register of Births, Deaths and Marriages, 377

onds, leaving someone sleeping inside with no possibility of es-

people with the name ‘Singh’ died in New South Wales during the


period 1898 - 1939. Therefore, it is anybody’s guess how many

The second brother Kahn Singh died in an accident when a

were alive and working in that same period.

tree-branch fell on his head. The third surviving brother Ganda

Typically a hawker would have to pay a bond of nearly $100

Singh wanted to cremate Kahn’s dead body. But cremation was

upon entering the country. Then, before they began hawking, they

illegal in those days (although it was legalized thereafter).

had to go to court to obtain a permit, had to prove that they were of

The play shows how the whole country town rallied together to

good character and needed to be debt-free. Then, they would ei-

make sure that Kahn Singh received a befitting funeral in accor-

ther begin hawking on foot or on horse-drawn carts and pay an

dance with his own traditions. The play essentially captures the

annual hawking fee.

spirit of the local Australians who almost felt a sense of camarade-

A wagon would have a large canvas hood, and the shelves

rie with Sikh hawkers, something that the Chinese and hawkers of

would be stacked with wares to sell. There would be an elevated

other nationalities rarely enjoyed.

bed right in the middle of the wagon and more goods were stored

The countryside of Victoria is now dotted with cremation sites

under it. Goods included

and headstones marking the spot where a hawker’s ashes were

dress material, laces, but-

buried after cremation.

tons, threads, perfumes,

(See photo of Gunga Singh’s headstone, which has a lengthy



inscription in Punjabi and, beneath it, the English portion reads:

jewellery boxes, spices,

“In loving memory of Gunga Singh, beloved son of Dava Singh,

utensils and even indig-

native of Poloolla, Punjab, India. Died 6th Sept 1901, aged 45

enous medicine.


If a buyer couldn’t get

Apparently, if a hawker died and had no other relatives here, his

what they wanted, they

horse, cart, goods and wagon were auctioned off. With the money

could place an order and

raised, the hawker would be cremated, the site marked with a

receive what they needed

memorial, and the remaining money would be sent back to India

within a day or two. Some


Parivartan May 2014

Sikh History

hawkers made so much money that they bought sheep stations, land and property, while others were content with sending the money back to Punjab.

finally won.” Lucca Singh spent his last days in a tent close to the Peach family of Edenhope around the end of the Second World War Says

But the hawkers led very lonely lives - tramping repetitively on

Tierney, “Lucca lived a very long life. I think he must have had a lot

country roads where the nearest town would be at least 100 kms

of herbal remedies to back up his health. He had a brother in India.

away. Hardly any of them had their family here and they rarely inter-

I can’t remember Lucca ever having to go to hospital until near the

married locals. Letters were their only source of contact with fam-

end of his life when he just became ill.”

ily back home and they could go for a long time without speaking or hearing their native language, since each hawker had a specifi-

He died in Casterton Hospital in 1943 and his ashes were spread in a nearby river on his request.

cally marked territory to work in. They tended to form friendships

Then there was Sunda Singh (probably Sunder), who started

with local country people and twice a year, all the hawkers con-

his hawking career on foot, with his goods strapped in a bundle on

verged at a pre-arranged spot where they spent a few weeks of

his back. Soon, he saved enough to buy a wagon and two horses,

holidays together, typically during Christmas and Easter.

which gave him greater reach. After many years, he bought a farm near Allestree. He paid for the local hospital at Portland to be painted, as a gesture of his gratitude to the people for the love they had given him. He died in Ballarat Hospital leaving behind his wife and family in Raipur in India. By all accounts, he was dearly loved in the whole of the district. Another hawker, IndarSondhu, was so wealthy that he donated land for the construction of Coleraine Shire offices - that was his way of saying thank you to the people of the area. He set up a business in Coleraine and later owned shops and a sheep station. There are also stories about a famous Punjabi wrestler by the name of Bagshot Singh. He wrestled at the Hotspur Show every year and it is said that he had a great rivalry with a local wrestler called Mr. Edge. Bagshot Singh died at the age of 39 at

Sadly, there are some records of hawkers being assaulted or

Hamilton Base Hospital and his ashes were sent to India.

murdered and also of some crimes committed by hawkers them-

So, as the stories and anecdotes abound, it’s truly amazing to

selves out of sheer frustration and loneliness. Many were even

sense the fondness with which these Sikh hawkers are remem-

admitted to institutions in later life since they had no immediate

bered, despite the deep-rooted racism that was intitutionalised in

family to take care of them.

Australian society during those days. The White Australia policy,

But happily, the personal anecdotes and memories of good

although prevalent in spirit during the late 19th century, was offi-

times with these Punjabi pioneers outnumber the sad ones. Lo-

cially adopted by the Australian government in 1901, which pre-

cals all over country towns recall innumerable stories about indi-

cluded migrants on the basis of their colour and race. Although the

vidual Sikh hawkers with great fondness.

basis for exclusion was more subtle - prospective migrants were

Eileen Tierney distinctly remembers Lucca Singh (probably

asked to take a language test and only those who passed were

Lakha), who had a very highly polished van, well fitted-out with

allowed to migrate - the idea was to stop the influx of Asian and

shelves along each side and along the back. One section was for

even central European migrants to Australia.

women’s wear exclusively, with a built-in, lift-out box for jewels and scents.

Despite this, hundreds of Sikh hawkers continued to operate all over Australia, providing essential services to many country towns.

Recalls Tierney, “I can remember Lucca coming to our home at

Their wagons carried goods both mundane and exotic; their con-

Wando Vale when I was a child - it was a red letter day as every-

versation carried the news of the day, both good and bad; their

body waited in great anticipation for Lucca to open his van on

hearts bore goodwill that created long lasting friendships and their

arrival. He was the bearer of good news and bad. He traveled

vibrant personalities brought colour into boring lives. Above all,

extensively and heard of all the district’s happenings. He would

they provided the country people a life-line as well as a dream of

stay some weeks in each district and always had his special

the mystique of lands far beyond the shores of Australia.

places where he would stay for up to a fortnight at a time. He was

We owe much to the enterprise and free spirit of these Sikh

a great old fellow and as children, we loved him. He loved to play

forefathers, and hope that they are accorded their rightful place in

cards, liked to win and would play all night if necessary until he


by Manpreet Kaur Singh

Beauty with brains might be a rare combination but this talented artist from Ludhiana stands at a step even higher!

ing, writing or even speaking in Punjabi. Surprisingly, even after I came to Ludhiana, for quite some time I only used to talk to people

Meet Calligraphy Artist Kamaljeet Kaur who is not only brainy

who were from other states as it made me feel more comfortable.

and beautiful but is also blessed with super flowing creativity,

It was only gradually that I developed an interest for the Punjabi

compassion and abundant amount of positive energy which

language and I got fascinated by the beauty of it that I started

reflects in her artworks and definitely makes her She - The

making efforts to learn it over a period of time.

complete all-rounder!

2. How did you start off your career?

A caring wife and a loving mother, she has successfully in-

I started off my career as a Lecturer in Fashion Designing which

stilled her sweet home with as much joy, art and positivity as

I did for 2 years till Sehaj, my daughter was born. I left that job to be

possible. Professionally, she is a calligraphy artist, a designer

with her and started doing all that I could do, from home. I always

and a photographer. Connect them all and you find a very unique

knew I wanted to do something creative so I started painting wall

combination which has only, but yes one thing in common – Her

pictures for my friends according to their home interiors. I used to

eye in selecting colours. That is one thing which definitely makes

paint landscapes, flowers or whatever people would like for their

her artworks a class apart.

houses. I would keenly go to their place, see the colour scheme of

Having two Calligraphy exhibitions in her name – ‘Aneeq’ in

their house, take measurements and suggest them what frames

Ludhiana (2011) and ‘Sadaf’ at Chandigarh (2012), she was also

would look good. Then slowly it got spread from my friends to their

awarded with the title of “Bhaskar woman of the year” in 2011

friends and so on. But then later when I started doing paintings

and presented with the “Naari shakti award” in the field of Art in

with Gurbani Calligraphy, that was the time when people started

2013 by Hind Samachar Group. With all these feathers in her

buying them and that’s how it all clicked.

cap, she has been featured in various print media articles for

3. So tell us how did you discover your path towards Gurbani

her divine Gurbani Calligraphy and her unique art style. She

Calligraphy, especially when you learnt Punjabi at much later

has a burning desire of taking Punjabi language and Gurmukhi

years in your life?

Calligraphy to new heights so as to make it reach to the masses.

I used to do Calligraphy from a very young age and I was al-

Amrit Ammu talked to Kamaljeet Kaur about her journey so far

ways very fond of fonts but I didn’t know at that time that this particu-

and her future projects.

lar art is called Calligraphy. I used to create cards, magazine cov-

1. Tell us something about your background and qualifications?

ers and write titles for my files and folders. I still have got that set of 8 nibs which one of my friends had gifted to me in class 12th.

I basically belong to Meerut in Uttar Pradesh and finished my

Fonts used to fascinate me a lot and in that fascination around 12

schooling from there. I did my graduation from Sophia College,

years back, one day I just calligraphed the Mool Mantra (The main

Ajmer and then went to Chandigarh for my post-graduation in Cloth-

chant of Sikhs) and later on tried to understand it. That was when

ing and textiles. Later I got married and came to Ludhiana in 1994.

I thought that I should also have the knowledge about the alpha-

That was the time when I was actually exposed to the Punjabi

bets and the Punjabi language. That is how I developed an urge to

culture as in Meerut it was all limited within our family. Despite of

learn it. Calligraphy was a dying art at the time when I discovered it,

belonging to a Sikh family, I was never actually interested in read-

so I felt that this should be revived and since I belong to a Sikh

Interview family, I felt that I should be doing it in Gurmukhi. Today I have

Parivartan May 2014


two extremes, how do you probably manage with these both?

become known for doing it in Punjabi language, although my work

My husband is taking care of all the administration work, which

is available in Hindi and English too. I really try that the colour

otherwise I couldn’t have handled. He is the one who is dealing

scheme of my artworks should be very soothing to the eyes. I want

with all of it while I focus on the creative tasks only. Doing it to-

to give that touch, that colour and style to this language that the

gether, we are also able to spend a lot of time together and every-

people should feel proud to display it in front of their rooms and

day seems like a Sunday to us! One more thing which is a bless-

offices. I have a desire that this art should reach to the international

ing is this that because it is my passion, so I don’t get tired. With

standards and it should have a class which other calligraphy works

this, I can really sit up late and then get up again to do it. The whole

have. That is my constant aim.

work process is so enjoyable for me that there is no stress in it and

4. As a novice calligraphy freelancer, you might also have had your struggle days in your career. Can you share some insights?

so there are no complaints. 9. In almost every profession, one also comes across certain tough times. How did you deal with them in your journey

I started working as a Calligraphy designer for a renowned

and what keeps you going?

brand in Delhi. I tied up with them as their concept was also very

I did have lows in my career but my family has been very sup-

new and since it was a brand promoting heritage, so they could

portive. My daughter, despite being so young, is very supportive

relate to me. I worked with them for around 10 years and made a

and adds to my inspiration. What keeps me going is the love of my

lot of Gurbani artworks and other designs for their store. And

family and the fire inside me that I want to do something.

struggle days- Yes, definitely I went through a lot of struggle as

10. What would you like to suggest to the upcoming artists?

whatever I earned, I used to invest back in my art and being a

Be honest, original and keep working hard. Honesty and sin-

housewife, I used

cerity will reflect

to invest in my

in your work au-

house also. I kept

tomatically and

circulating the

you will definitely

same thing while

get rewarded for

elaborating on it.

it. Never try to

5. Were there

adopt shortcuts

any Marketing


strategies that you embarked


member that the Amrit Ammu with Calligraphy Artist KamalaKaur at her residence (Right). The Artist doing work in her studio. (Left)

upon to commercialize your artwork?

world is watch-

ing you. So anything that is built on quick steps will not last for long.

There were no marketing strategies as such, that is the reason

Be ready to experiment and ready to accept failures. If you want to

why it took me so long. I evolved on Calligraphy art slowly and

achieve something, you will have to come across many kinds of

searched a lot to know various options and diverse scopes. Even

negative forces. Everything is going to be a part of that, so be ready.

today I start my day with an online search to know what’s new in calligraphy and what new can be done. My art just got spread through word of mouth and since it was a unique art so that really helped. 6. What are the challenges that you face as a female calligraphy artist?

11. Tell us something about your current projects and future plans? To keep exhibiting more work, to keep spreading this language and to keep adding more things so that I can relate to the youth and make them feel proud. That was the reason I introduced floor lamps, stoles, abstract

The biggest challenge is to make a balance between the house

paintings, mugs and wedding invites so as to give everything a

and work. There are many roles that a woman has to play as a

very modern touch. My upcoming artwork will be on women kurtis,

daughter or as a wife or as a mother and on that I think that I still did

silk cushions and calligraphy on old folk-instruments like Rabaab,


Taaus and Dilruba. In photography, I am focussing more on child

7. So how do you strike a chord to make a Work-life balance?

portraits and apart from that, I have g0ot a lot more things in my list

Time management is the key. I set a schedule for a day and

to do.

stick sincerely to it. I also did social Management and just dis-

12. How do you sum up your well spent day?

carded the people who were wasting time in my life. I limited my

I end my day with dreams for the next day. Excited about the new

friend circle and avoided all the negative elements. It happened

projects and dreaming about them. Thinking about the designs

slowly as I learnt with time. But this is what something that has

and then I don’t realise when I fall asleep with all that in mind. I

really helped me.

always wish I had some more hours in a day. My passion keeps

8. Creativity and administrating a work profession are like

me driven for doing better and better.

Amrit Ammu


Parivartan May 2014

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Í‘πø⁄≈Úª ª Â∞‘≈˘ ’‘ªÕ ’º⁄∂ ÓÈ È≈Ò ¡«‹‘≈

¡’√ ¡«‹‘≈ ‘πøÁ≈ ‘À «’ Ïπº„∂ ¡Â∂ ‹Ú≈È

’«‘‰≈ Ù≈«¬Á Â∞‘≈‚∂ Ò¬∆ È∞’√≈È Ú≈Ò≈ ‘ØÚ∂Õ

¡≈ÁÓ∆ «Ú⁄ ◊ºÒÏ≈ ȑ∆∫ ‘Ø √’Á∆, ÓπÙ’Ò ‘Ø

√ºÂÚ∂∫ ˘ √Ófi‰ Ò¬∆ «¬’ ◊ºÒ √π‰≈¿∞∫Á≈

‹ªÁ∆ ‘À «’¿∞∫«’ ‹Ú≈È ’∞fi ‘Ø Á∂÷Á≈ ‘À Â∂

‘ª, ‹Ø Â∞‘≈‚∂ ’øÓ ¡≈Ú∂◊∆Õ ¡Ó∆’≈ «Ú⁄

Ïπº„≈ ’∞fi ‘ØÕ ‹Ú≈È ’«‘øÁ≈ ‘À, ¡≈‘, «’øÈ∆

«‚˜È∆ÒÀ∫‚ «Ú⁄ ¿∞È∑ª È∂ Ï‘π √≈∆¡ª ÷∂‚ª

√Ø‘‰∆ ’∞Û∆ ‘À ‹Á«’ Ïπº„≈ ’«‘øÁ≈ ‘À ’∆ º«÷¡≈

ω≈¬∆¡ª ‘ÈÕ ¿π√ «Ú⁄ «¬’ ’Ó≈ Ï∂‘Á √Ø‘‰≈

‘À, ‘º‚∆-Ó≈√ «Ú⁄Õ ÁØ‘ª Á∂ «Ú⁄≈ Úº÷∂ ‘πøÁ∂

‘ÀÕ ¡Ó∆’≈ ’Á∂ ‹≈˙, «’Â∂∂ Ì≈Ú∂∫ ‹≈˙ ‹ª

‘ÈÕ ‹Ú≈È ’«‘øÁ≈ ‘À, “«’‘Ø ‹‘∆¡ª ◊ºÒª ’Á≈

È‘∆∫ Í «‚˜È∆ÒÀ∫‚ ˜» ‹≈‰≈Õ ¿∞‘ ’Ó≈

‘À, «¬øÈ∆ √Ø‘‰∆ ’∞Û∆ ÂÀ˘ ‘º‚∆ Ó≈√ Ș ¡≈¿∞∫Á∆

˜» Á∂÷‰≈ ‹Ø «’ «¬’ ¡ÈØ÷∆ Â∑ª Á≈ ‘À, ‹Ø

‘À?” Ïπº„≈ ’«‘øÁ≈ ‘À, “√Ø‘‰∂ÍÈ «Ú⁄ ’∞fi È‘∆∫

«Ú⁄ Ì«Úº÷ «Ú⁄ √≈∆ ÁπÈ∆¡≈ Á∂ ’øÓ ¡≈Ú∂◊≈Õ

º«÷¡≈, ‹Ø «√Î ⁄ÓÛ∆ º’ «√Ó ‘ÀÕ”

¿∞‘ ‘À, «¬’ ◊ØÒ Úº‚≈ ’Ó≈Õ ¿∞√ «Ú⁄ √≈∂

Ïπº„∂ Á∂ Á∂÷‰ Á≈ Â∆’≈ ÏÁÒ «◊¡≈ ‘ÀÕ

Í≈«√¡ª ”Â∂ ÍÃØ‹À’‡ Òº◊∂ ‘ج∂ ‘ÈÕ ¿∞√ «Ú⁄

¡√Ò «Ú⁄ Ïπº„∂ Á∆ ¡º÷ È∂ «¬’ ¡«‹‘≈ ÓÈ ÍÀÁ≈ ’ «Ò¡≈ ‘À, ‹Ø ‹Ú≈È Á∂ ’ØÒ

Â∞√∆∫ «ÎÒÓ Á∂÷‰ ‹≈˙ ª ‘ Í≈√∂ «‹Ë Ó˜∆ ÿπøÓ ‹≈˙ ¿∞‘∆ «ÎÒÓ ⁄ºÒ ‘∆

È‘∆∫ ‘ÀÕ

‘πøÁ∆ ‘À ¡Â∂ «¬ø˜≈Ó ¡«‹‘≈ ‘À «’ ’∞fi ÿ‡È≈Úª Ò¬∆ ¿∞È∑ª È∂ «ÎÒÓ Ï‰≈¬∆ ‘ÀÕ

Í≥‹ «¬øÁ∆¡ª ’ØÒ Í≥‹ ÓÈ ‘ÈÕ «¬È∑ª Í≥‹ª ˘ ‹ØÛÈ Ú≈Ò≈, «¬’Óπº· º÷‰

«‹Ú∂∫ Â∞√∆∫ ‘Ú≈¬∆ ‹‘≈˜ «Ú⁄ «È¡≈◊≈ Î≈Ò˜ Á∂ È∂Û∂ ¿∞µ‚ ‘∂ ‘Ø Â∂ Â∞‘≈˘

Ú≈Ò≈ ¤∂Úª ÓÈ Ú∆ ‘À, ‹Ø Â∞‘≈‚∂ ¡≥Á ‘À Â∂ Â∞√∆∫ ¿π√ ˘ ¡√Ò «Ú⁄ ÓÈ ’«‘øÁ∂ ‘ØÕ

Á√ «ÁºÂ≈ ‹≈Ú∂ «’ Â∞√∆∫ ‘Ú≈¬∆ ‹‘≈˜ «Ú⁄ ÏÀ·∂ ‘ØÕ Â∂ Â∞√∆∫ ‹ÁØ∫ √≈∂ Í≈«√¡ª ÚºÒ

¤∂Ú∂∫ ˘ Í«‘⁄≈‰Ø ‹Ø Í≥‹ ÓȪ ”Â∂ ’≈Ï» º÷Á≈ ‘ÀÕ ¿π√ ˘ Á∂÷Ø, ¿∞√Á∆¡ª Ì≈ÚÈ≈Úª

Á∂÷Á∂ ‘Ø Âª Â∞‘≈˘ Ò◊Á≈ ‘À «’ Â∞√∆∫ Ú≈«’¡≈ ‘∆ ‘Ú≈¬∆ ‹‘≈˜ «Ú⁄ ÏÀ·∂ ‘ØÕ ¬∂¡

˘ √ÓfiØ, Âø◊ª ˘, «Ú⁄≈ª ˘, Ò«‘ª ˘, Ô≈Áª ˘, ’ÒÍÈ≈Úª ˘, √πÍ«È¡ª ˘

‘Ø√‡√ ¡≈-‹≈ ‘∆ ‘ÀÕ «Íº¤∂ Ô≈Â∆ ÏÀ·∂ ‘È, ¡º◊∂ Í≈¬∆Ò‡ ‘À, «¬ø‹È Á∆ ¡Ú≈˜

‹ÁØ∫ Â∞√∆∫ Á∂÷‰≈ Ùπ» ’Á∂ ‘Ø Âª ‘ΩÒ∆ ‘ΩÒ∆ √ºÂÚª ¿∞Ì ’∂ √≈‘Ó‰∂ ¡≈¿∞‰≈ Ùπ»

¡≈ ‘∆ ‘ÀÕ ‘≈Òª«’ Â∞‘≈˘ ÍÂ≈ ‘πøÁ≈ ‘À «’ Â∞√∆∫ ’∞√∆ ”Â∂ ÏÀ·∂ ‘Ø, Í Î∂ «Ú⁄ ¿∞Ê∂

’Á≈ ‘ÀÕ ¿∞‘ «‹‘Û≈ ¤∂Ú∂∫ ˘ Ú∆ Á∂÷ «‘≈ ‘πøÁ≈ ‘À, ¿∞‘ √ºÂÚª ‘ÀÕ ‹ÁØ∫ Â∞‘≈‚∂

¡«‹‘≈ Ó≈‘ΩÒ «√«‹¡≈ «◊¡≈ ‘À «’ Â∞√∆∫ √Ø⁄ ‘∆ È‘∆∫ √’Á∂ «’ Â∞√∆∫ ‘Ú≈¬∆

¡≥Á ◊πº√≈ ¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ ‘À ª ¿∞‘ ¤∂Ú∂∫ Á≈ ’øÓ ‘ÀÕ ◊πº√≈ ¡º÷ª «Ú⁄ È‘∆∫ ¿∞·Á≈, ’øÈ

‹‘≈˜ «Ú⁄ È‘∆∫ ÏÀ·∂ ‘ØÕ

ÂØ∫ È‘∆∫ ¿∞·Á≈, Ô≈Á º÷‰≈Õ

«‹È∑ª ÒØ’ª È∂ «¬√ ’Ó∂ «Ú⁄ ÏÀ· ’∂ Á∂«÷¡≈ ‘À, ¿∞È∑ª Ò¬∆ Ú∆ ¡«‹‘≈ ÓΩ’≈

Â∞√∆∫ ‘À≈È ‘Ø ‹≈ÚØ◊∂ «¬‘ ‹≈‰ ’∂ «’ Ú≈√È≈ ’≈Ó ¡≥◊ª «Ú⁄Ø∫ È‘∆∫ ¿∞·Á∆Õ

¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ ‘À, ‹ÁØ∫ ¿∞‘ ÌπºÒ ‹ªÁ∂ ‘È! ¿∞È∑ª ˘ Ô≈Á ‘∆ È‘∆∫ «‘øÁ≈ «’ ¿∞‘ «√Î ÷∂‚

¿∞‘ ª ¤∂Ú∂∫ «Ú⁄ ¿∞µ·Á∆ ‘À, «‹‘Û∆ ’≈Ó ¡≥◊ª ˘ ‘’ «Ú⁄ «Ò¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ ‘ÀÕ ◊πº√≈

Á∂÷ ‘∂ ‘ÈÕ «ÏÒ’∞ºÒ ¡√Ò∆ Úª◊ Ò◊Á≈ ‘ÀÕ ‘≈Òª«’ ÓÈ Á∂ «’√∂ ’ØÈ∂ «Ú⁄ «¬‘

ª ¤∂Ú∂∫ «Ú⁄ ‘À, «Î ¡º÷ª º’ Ò≈Ò∆ ¤≈ ‹ªÁ∆ ‘À, ÷±È ¤≈ ‹ªÁ≈ ‘ÀÕ Ï≈‘Ø∫ ‹Ø Ú∆

Ô≈Á Ú∆ ω ‹ªÁ∆ ‘À «’ «¬‘ √Ì Á∆Ú≈ª ”Â∂ «ÎÒÓª ⁄ºÒ ‘∆¡ª ‘ÈÕ «¬‘ √ºÂÚ∆∫

¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ ‘À ¿∞‘ Í≥‹ª ÂØ∫ ‘Ø ’∂ ¤∂Ú∂∫ «Ú⁄ «¬’º·≈ ‘πøÁ≈ ‘À ¡Â∂ ¡≥ÁØ∫ Ú∆ «È’ÒÁ≈ ‘À

ÁÙ≈ ‘À, «‹√Á∂ ‘∂· ¤∂ ÓȪ Á≈ ÷∂‚ ⁄Ò «‘≈ ‘ÀÕ √ºÂÚ∆∫ «¬øÁ∆ º’ Í‘πø⁄‰ Ò¬∆

¿∞‘ ¤∂Ú∂∫ ÂØ∫ «È’ÒÁ≈ ‘À ¡Â∂ Í≥‹ª ÂØ∫ Ï≈‘ ¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ ‘ÀÕ Âª ‘π‰ «¬‘ Í≥‹ ÓÈ

√≈ËÈ≈, ÔØ◊, «Ë¡≈È, Í»‹≈, Ó≥Â, ÂøÂ √Ì Á∆ ÚÂØ∫ ’∆Â∆ ‹≈ √’Á∆ ‘À Â∂ √ºÂÚ∂∫

ÁØ‘∆¡ª Ì»«Ó’≈Úª «ÈÌ≈¿∞∫Á∂ ‘È, ÁÚ≈˜∂ Á≈ ’øÓ ’Á∂ ‘È, ‹Ø ¡≥ÁØ∫ Ï≈‘ Â∂

ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á √Ì ’∞fi ¤º‚ ’∂ ¡º·Ú∂∫ ÚºÒ «Ë¡≈È «Á˙Õ

˙ÙØ, ’≈ √ØÚÀ «ÁÈ ÀÈ

Ï≈Ï≈ ÏßÁ≈ «√ßÿ Ï‘≈Á Á∆ ’Ó≈È ‘∂· √ßÈ AGA@ «Ú⁄ «√æ÷ª ÚÒØ∫ √±Ï∂Á≈ Ú˜∆ ÷ª (√±Ï≈ √«‘ßÁ) ˘ ÓΩ Á∂ ÿ≈‡ ¿πÂ≈È ¡Â∂ √«‘ßÁ ”Â∂ ’Ϙ≈ ’È Á∆ ÿ‡È≈, Í≥‹≈Ï Á∂ «¬«Â‘≈√ «Ú⁄ «ÚÙ∂Ù Ó‘æÂÚ æ÷Á∆ ˛Õ «¬√ ÿ‡È≈ È∂ Óπ◊Òª ˘ Í«‘Ò∆ Ú≈ Ú∂ «√æ÷ Ù’Â∆ Á≈ ¡«‘√≈√ ’Ú≈«¬¡≈Õ ◊π± ◊Ø«ÏßÁ «√ßÿ Á∂ ¤Ø‡∂ √≈«‘Ϙ≈«Á¡ª ˘ √±Ï∂Á≈ Ú˜∆ ÷ª (√±Ï≈ √«‘ßÁ) ÚÒØ∫ √«‘ßÁ «Ú÷∂ BG Á√ßÏ, AG@D ¬∆. «˜ßÁ≈ Á∆Ú≈ «Ú⁄ «⁄‰Ú≈ Á∂ ’∂ Ù‘∆Á ’È Á∆ «ÁÒ ’ßÏ≈¿± ÿ‡È≈ È∂ «√æ÷ Ó≈È«√’Â≈ ”Â∂ ‚±ßÿ≈ Íæ¤ Ó≈«¡≈Õ «√æ÷ª Á∆ «‘ÈπÓ≈¬∆ ’È Ò¬∆ ◊π± √≈«‘Ï È∂ C Á√ßÏ, AG@H ¬∆. ˘ ◊ØÁ≈Ú∆ Á∂ ’ß„∂ ÈßÁ∂Û «Ú÷∂ È≈‡’∆ „ß◊ È≈Ò ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á Á∆ ⁄؉ ’∆Â∆Õ «√æ÷ ’ΩÓ Á∆ «’√Ó Á∆ Ú≈◊‚Ø √ßÌ≈Ò‰ Ú≈Ò∂ «¬√ «Ú¡’Â∆ Á∆ ¿πÓ ¿π√ Ú∂Ò∂ CH √≈Òª Á∆ √∆ ¡Â∂ ¿π‘ ◊π± ◊Ø«ÏßÁ «√ßÿ ÂØ∫ Ò◊Ì◊ ⁄≈ √≈Ò ¤Ø‡≈ √∆Õ ◊π± ◊Ø«ÏßÁ «√ßÿ È∂ ÏßÁ≈ «√ßÿ ˘ “Ï‘≈Á” Á≈ «÷Â≈Ï Á∂ ’∂, Í≥‹ «Í¡≈«¡ª Á∆ ¡◊Ú≈¬∆ ‘∂· Í≥‹≈Ï ÚæÒ ’±⁄ ’È Á≈ ‘π’Ó «ÁæÂ≈Õ ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á ¡’±Ï AG@H Á∂ ¡≈√ Í≈√ Í≥‹≈Ï Ò¬∆ Ú≈È≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈Õ «ÁæÒ∆ ‡æÍ«Á¡ª ‘∆ ÒØ’ ¿π√ Á∂ fiß‚∂ ‘∂· «¬’æ·∂ ‘؉ Òæ◊∂ ¡Â∂ ¤∂Â∆ ‘∆ D@,@@@ √À«È’ ¿π√ Á∂ ¡Ë∆È «¬’æ·∂ ‘Ø ◊¬∂Õ «‹æª Á∂ «¬’ ¶Ó∂ «√Ò«√Ò∂ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á «√æ÷ ¡≈͉∂ Óπæ÷ «ÈÙ≈È∂ √«‘ßÁ ”Â∂ ˜ØÁ≈ ‘æÒ≈ ÏØÒ‰ Ò¬∆ ’⁄∆⁄∆¡ª ÒÀ‰ Òæ◊∂Õ ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á Ò¬∆ «¬‘ «¬’ «¬Ó«Â‘≈È Á∆ ÿÛ∆ √∆Õ √Ø, ÓΩ’∂ Á∆ Ș≈’ ˘ Ú∂÷«Á¡ª ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á È∂ √«‘ßÁ ”Â∂ ‘æÒ≈ ’È ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª, ’∆ÂÍπ ÚÒØ∫ «‹æª Íz≈Í ’Á∂ ¡≈ ‘∂ «√æ÷ ‹Ê∂ Á∆ ¿π‚∆’ ’È∆ ·∆’ √Ófi∆Õ ‹ÒÁ∆ ‘∆ «¬‘ Ù’Â∆Ù≈Ò∆ ‹Ê≈ ÷Û Â∂ ÏÈ±Û «Ú⁄’≈ ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á Á∂ ÁÒ È≈Ò ¡≈ «Ò¡≈, «‹√ È≈Ò «√æ÷ª Á∆ ‹ß◊∆ Â≈’ «Ú⁄ ⁄Ø÷≈ Ú≈Ë≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈Õ ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á Á∆ ’Ó≈È ‘∂· ÷≈Ò√∂ Á∆ ⁄Û∑ ˘ Á∂÷ ’∂ √±Ï∂Á≈ Ú˜∆ ÷ª ˘ ’ªÏ≈ «¤Û «◊¡≈Õ ¿π√ È∂ ‹ß◊ Á∆ «Â¡≈∆ «Ú⁄ √≈∂ √≈ËÈ ‹π‡≈ «ÁæÂ≈Õ ¿π√ È∂ «√æ’∂ Â∂ Ï±Á Á∂ ’Ø·∂ Ì Ò¬∂Õ ‹ÁØ∫ Ú˜∆ ÷ª ˘ «¬‘ Ô’∆È ‘Ø «◊¡≈ «’ ¿π‘ «√æ÷ª Á∂ ‘ÓÒ∂ ˘ ͤ≈Û √’∂◊≈ ª ¿π‘ B@ ’π ‘˜≈ Ï’≈«¬Á≈ ÎΩ‹ ¡Â∂ ◊≈˜∆¡ª √Ó∂ «√æ÷ª Á∂ ±Î≈È ˘ Ø’‰ Ò¬∆ ¡æ◊∂ Ú«Ë¡≈Õ ‚≈. ◊ß‚≈ «√ßÿ ¡Â∂ ÂÈ «√ßÿ Ìß◊± ¡Èπ√≈ AB Ó¬∆, AGA@ ¬∆. ˘ √«‘ßÁ ÂØ∫ AB ’Ø‘ Á∆ «ÚæÊ ”Â∂ ⁄æÍÛ«⁄Û∆ Á∂ ÓÀÁ≈È «Ú⁄ ÔπæË ‘Ø«¬¡≈ (⁄æÍÛ«⁄Û∆, ÷Û Â∂ Òª‚ª «Ú⁄’≈ √«Ê «¬’ ¤Ø‡≈ «‹‘≈ «Í≥‚ ˛)Õ Íz«√æË «¬«Â‘≈√’≈ √Ø‘‰ «√ßÿ ¡Èπ√≈ «¬‘ ÔπæË C@ Ó¬∆, AGA@ ¬∆. ˘ ‘Ø«¬¡≈Õ ‹ÁØ∫ Ú˜∆ ÷ª Á∆¡ª ÎΩ‹ª ‡æ’ ÒÀ‰ Ò¬∆ ¡æ◊∂ ÚË∆¡ª ª ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á È∂ Ú∆ ¡≈͉∂ ’Óª‚ª ˘ ¡æ◊∂ Úˉ Á≈ ‘π’Ó «ÁæÂ≈ ¡Â∂ ¡≈Í, «¬√ ‹ß◊∆ ’≈Ú≈¬∆ ˘ √∂Ë Á∂‰ Ò¬∆ È∂Û∂ ‘∆ «¬’ ¿π⁄∆ ʪ ”Â∂ ÏÀ· «◊¡≈Õ ‹ß◊ Á∂ Í«‘Ò∂ ÍÛ≈¡ «Ú⁄ Ù≈‘∆ ÎΩ‹ª Á≈ ÍÒÛ≈ Ì≈∆ «‘≈ ¡Â∂ Ï∂È∂Ó∂ ‚≈’± ‘È ‘Ø ◊¬∂Õ Óπ◊Òª Á≈ ÍÒÛ≈ Ì≈∆ Ú∂÷ ’∂, «ÈÒæ◊ ÏÀ·≈ ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á fiæ‡ ¡≈͉∆ √ÀÈ≈ Á∆¡ª Ó±‘Ò∆¡ª ’Â≈ª «Ú⁄ ¡≈ «◊¡≈Õ ¿π√ Á∂ ¡≈◊ÓÈ È∂ «‹Ê∂ «√æ÷ª Á∂ ‘Ω∫√Ò∂ Ïπ¶Á ’ «ÁæÂ∂, ¿πÊ∂ ÁπÙÓ‰ª «Ú⁄ √Ì Í≈√∂ ÌÀ¡ ¤≈ «Í¡≈Õ ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á Á∆ «‘ßÓ Â∂ ‘Ω∫√Ò∂ ÂØ∫ ÍzÌ≈«Ú ‘ج∂ «√ßÿ, «¬’Óπæ· ‘Ø ’∂ ÚÀ∆¡ª ”Â∂ ‡πæ‡ Í¬∂Õ ‘ÓÒ≈ ¬∂È≈ ˜ØÁ≈ √∆ «’ ÁπÙÓ‰ ÷Û∑≈ È≈ «‘ √«’¡≈Õ ÷±È ‚ØÒÚ∆∫ ÒÛ≈¬∆ «Ú⁄ √±Ï∂Á≈ Ú˜∆

˘ “ÒØ‘◊Û∑” Á≈ Ȫ¡ «ÁæÂ≈Õ «¬√∂ ⁄Û∑ ÁΩ≈È ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á È∂

ʪ Ó≈«¡≈ «◊¡≈Õ ’πfi «¬«Â‘≈√’≈ª Á≈ Óæ ˛ «’ ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á ¡Â∂ Ú˜∆ ÷ª Á∆ ¡≈‘ÓØ √≈‘Ó‰∂

◊π± È≈È’, ◊π± ◊Ø«ÏßÁ «√ßÿ Á∂ Ȫ¡ ”Â∂ «√æ’≈ ‹≈∆ ’’∂ √πÂßÂ

‡æ’ ‘ج∆Õ «¬√ √ÏßË «Ú⁄ «√æ÷ª Á≈ ‘ÓÈ «Í¡≈≈ ¡ß◊∂˜ «¬«Â‘≈√’≈ ÓÀ’≈«ÒÎ «Ò÷Á≈ ˛, “‹ÁØ∫

«√æ÷ ≈‹ Á∆ ÿØÙ‰≈ ’∆Â∆ ¡Â∂ √æ √Ω √≈Ò ÂØ∫ ͬ∂ ◊πÒ≈Ó∆ Á∂ ‹±Ò∂

Ï‘π √≈∂ Óπ√ÒÓ≈È Ó≈∂ ◊¬∂, ÏßÁ≈ Â∂ Ú˜∆ ÷ª ¡≈Í√ «Ú⁄ ¿πÒfi∂Õ ...ÏßÁ∂ È∂ ÂÒÚ≈ Á∂ «¬’Ø Ú≈

˘ Í≥‹≈Ï Á∂ ◊ÒØ∫ Ò≈‘π‰ Á∆ Ùπ±¡≈ ’∆Â∆Õ «¬√ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á «¬«Â‘≈√

È≈Ò ¿π√ Á≈ «√ ËÛ È≈ÒØ∫ Úæ÷ ’ «ÁæÂ≈Õ”

’πfi √Ó∂∫ Ò¬∆ «√æ÷ª Á∂ ‘æʪ «Ú⁄ “Í≈Ò±” ω «◊¡≈ ¡Â∂ ¿π‘

ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á Á≈ √«‘ßÁ ”Â∂ ’Ϙ≈ : AD Ó¬∆, AGA@ ¬∆. ˘ «√æ÷, ‹∂±¡ª Á∆ Ù’Ò «Ú⁄ √«‘ßÁ «Ú⁄ Á≈÷Ò ‘ج∂Õ Ù≈‘∆ ¡Ó∆ª ˘ ´æ«‡¡≈ «◊¡≈ ¡Â∂ ÁØÙ∆¡ª ˘ ¸‰ ¸‰ ’∂ Ó≈«¡≈ «◊¡≈Õ √πæ⁄≈ ÈßÁ Á∆ ‘Ú∂Ò∆ Á∆ ÂÏ≈‘∆ Á≈ «˜’ ’«Á¡ª, Óπ‘ßÓÁ ’≈Ó√ «Ò÷Á≈ ‘À : “÷≈√ ’’∂ Ú˜∆ ÷ª Á∂ Í∂Ù’≈ √πæ⁄≈ ÈßÁ Á∆ ‘Ú∂Ò∆ ¡Â∂ Ó≈Ò ÁΩÒ «‹Ú∂∫ «¬√ «ÁÈ Ò¬∆ ‘∆ ω∂”Õ ´æ‡ Ó≈ Á≈ «˜’ ’«Á¡ª ÷Î∆ ÷≈È «Ò÷Á≈ ˛, “ËÈ Ó≈Ò, ÿØÛ∂, ‘≈Ê∆ ¡≈«Á Ï∂Á∆«È¡ª Á∂ ‘æÊ

¡≈͉∆ Ó˜∆ ¡Èπ√≈ «¬«Â‘≈√ Á∆ «√‹‰≈ ’È Òæ◊∂Õ «¬‘ √«‘ßÁ Á∆ «‹æ Á≈ ‘∆ «√æ‡≈ √∆ «’ ’ΩÓ È∂ ¡⁄≈È’ ’æÁ ’æ«„¡≈ ¡Â∂ Ì≈ Á∂ È’Ù∂ ”Â∂ Í«‘Ò∆ Ú∂ «Ú⁄ ≈‹√∆ Â≈’ Á∂ ±Í «Ú⁄ ¿πÌ ’∂ √≈‘Ó‰∂ ¡≈¬∆Õ «¬√ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á «√æ÷ «Ó√Òª ¡Â∂ Ó‘≈≈‹≈ ‰‹∆ «√ßÿ Á∆ «ÚÙ≈Ò √ÒÂÈ ‘Ø∫Á «Ú⁄ ¡≈¬∆Õ

¡≈¬∂Õ” AIÚ∆∫ √Á∆ Á≈ Íz«√æË «¬«Â‘≈√’≈ √æÔÁ Óπ‘ßÓÁ ÒÂ∆Î «Ò÷Á≈ ˛, “ÏßÁ≈ ‘π‰ √«‘ßÁ «Ú⁄

˛≈È∆ Á∆ ◊æÒ ˛ «’ √«‘ßÁ Á∆ «‹æ Á≈ «ÁÚ√ ¡‰◊Ω«Ò¡≈

Á≈÷Ò ‘Ø«¬¡≈ ¡Â∂ √≈∂ Ù«‘ ˘ ‹ß◊Ò∆ ¡Â∂ ÏÁÒ≈ Ò¿± „ß◊ È≈Ò √˜≈ «ÁæÂ∆Õ” ´æ‡ Ó≈ Á∂ √ÏßË

‘∆ ¶ÿ ‹ªÁ≈ ˛Õ Á±‹≈, ⁄æÍÛ«⁄Û∆ «Ú÷∂ «¬√ ◊���ÚÓ¬∆ ÿ‡È≈ ˘

«Ú⁄ ‚≈. ◊ß‚≈ «√ßÿ «Ò÷Á≈ ˛, “ÏßÁ∂ Á∂ ‘æÊ ¡≈¬∂ ´æ‡ Á∂ Ó≈Ò Á∆ ’∆Ó Á≈ ¡ßÁ≈˜≈ B ’ØÛ ‘ØÚ∂◊≈,

√Ó«Í «’√∂ „πæ’Ú∆∫ Ô≈Á◊≈ Á≈ È≈ ‘؉≈ Ú∆ Û’Á≈ ‘ÀÕ √ßÈ

‹Ø «’ Ú˜∆ ÷ª Á∆ ÓÒ’∆¡Â √∆ ¡Â∂ ’πfi Òæ÷, ‹Ø «’ √πæ⁄≈ ÈßÁ ¡Â∂ Á±√«¡ª Á∆ ÓÒ’∆¡Â √∆Õ”

B@A@ √«‘ßÁ Á∆ «‹æ Á∆ Â∆√∆ ÙÂ≈ÏÁ∆ Á≈ Ú∑≈ ˛Õ «’ßÈ≈

√«‘ßÁ ”Â∂ ’≈Ϙ ‘؉ ¿πÍß ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á È∂ ¡≈͉∂ «√’æ„ ‹ÈÀÒ Ì≈¬∆ Ï≈‹ «√ßÿ ˘ √«‘ßÁ Á≈ √±Ï∂Á≈ «ÈÔπ’ ’∆Â≈ ¡Â∂ Ì≈¬∆ ¡≈Ò∆ «√ßÿ ˘ ¿π√ Á≈ «‚͇∆ Ê≈«Í¡≈Õ ÏßÁ≈ Ï‘≈Á È∂ √„Ω≈ ¡Â∂ È≈‘È «Ú⁄’≈ Óπ÷«Ò√◊Û∑ ˘ ¡≈͉∆ ≈‹Ë≈È∆ ω≈«¬¡≈ ¡Â∂ «¬√

⁄ß◊≈ ‘ØÚ∂ ‹∂ «¬√ Ú∑∂ ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª Í«‘Òª ‘∆ ⁄æÍÛ«⁄Û∆ Á∆ «‘æ’ ”Â∂ „πæ’Ú∆∫ Ô≈Á◊≈ Á∆ ¿π√≈∆ ’ «ÁæÂ∆ ‹≈Ú∂Õ ‚≈. ‘⁄ßÁ «√ßÿ √«‘ßÁ∆

Boy lwo √ßod ⁄≈ ¥ªÂ∆ Á∂ ÁΩ ”⁄ «ÚÙÚ

‹ªÁ≈ ˛Õ ÓÀ˘ ÏΩ’«√≥◊ Á≈

«√È∂Ó≈ È≈Ò ÁÙ’ª Á≈ È≈Â≈ ‚±ßÿ≈

Ù≈‡ Á∂‰ Ò¬∆ AB-AB ÿø‡∂

‘πßÁ≈ ‹≈ «‘≈ ˛Õ ¿πÊØ∫ Á∆¡ª «ÎÒÓª

ÍÀz’«‡√ ’È∆ ÍÀ∫Á∆ ˛Õ ÒÛ«’¡ª

Á≈ ∆¡«Ò˜Ó ÁÙ’ª Á∆ ˜Ï≈È

Ò¬∆ Ó≈√Í∂Ù∆¡≈ ω≈¿π‰≈ Ï‘π ¡≈√≈È ‘πßÁ≈

¡Â∂ ˜«‘È ”Â∂ ⁄Û∑ Ú∆ «‘≈ ˛Õ ¿π√

˛ Í ÒÛ’∆¡ª Ò¬∆ ¡«‹‘≈ ’ √’‰≈ ÷≈√≈

È∂ «‘ßÁ∆ «ÎÒÓ’≈ª ¡Â∂ ’Ò≈’≈ª

ÓπÙ’ÒÕ ¡√∆∫ ’πfi √∆’ÚÀ∫√ Ó‰∆Íπ ”⁄ Ú∆

˘ Ú∆ ∆¡«Ò√«‡’ ‹ª «Î Ô’∆È∆

Ù±‡ ’∆Â∂ ‘ÈÕ Ï≈’∆ Í‘≈Û∆ «¬Ò≈’∂ Á≈

ÂΩ ”Â∂ “Ò≈‹ ÁÀÈ Ò≈¬∆È” «Á÷≈¿π‰

«Ó‹≈˜ ¡Â∂ Ó≈‘ΩÒ «Á÷≈¿π‰ Ò¬∆

˘ Íz∂« ’∆Â≈ ˛Õ ’Ò≈’≈ ¡Á≈’≈∆

È’Ò∆ √À‡ ”Â∂ Ù±«‡ß◊ ’∆Â∆ ◊¬∆

¡Â∂ √ßÚ≈Á ¡Á≈«¬◊∆ Á∂ È≈Ò È≈Ò «ÈæÂ

˛Õ «Íz¡ß’≈ «¬√ ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª Ú∆

ÈÚ∂∫ ’ΩÙÒ Ú∆ «√æ÷ ‘∂ ‘È ‹Ø ¿πÈ∑ª Á∂

¡≈͉∂ «’Á≈ª ˘ ‹∆Úß Â

«’Á≈ ˘ ‹∆Úß Â ¡Â∂ «ÚÙÚ≈√ÔØ ◊

ω≈¿π‰ Ò¬∆ ÈÚ∂∫ ◊π «√º÷Á∆

ω≈¿π∫Á≈ ˛Õ

‘∆ ˛Õ «¬√ ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª “Á؉”

¡√∆∫ ’ΩÙÒ Á∆ ◊æÒ ’∆¬∂ ª ¿πÈ∑ª ”⁄ ‹È∆’ªÂ, ¡≈«Ó ÷≈È, ««Â’

Ò¬∆ ¿π√ È∂ Íø‹≈Ï∆ ‘«Ê¡≈ ⁄Ò≈¿π‰≈ «√æ«÷¡≈ √∆Õ” Ò∆‹À∫‚ ‹È∆’ªÂ ¿πÓ Á∂

ØÙÈ, «Íz¡ß’≈ ⁄ØÍÛ≈, Á∆«Í’≈ Í≈Á±’؉,

Parivartan May 2014 BG Ó≈Ëπ∆ Á∆’ÙÂ, «¬Î≈È ÷≈È, Î‘≈È ¡ıÂ Ú◊∂ Ȫ ÍzÓπæ÷ ‘ÈÕ ¿π‘ «Èæ ÈÚ∂∫ ¤∂Ú∂∫ Á‘≈’∂ ”⁄ Á≈÷Ò ‘Ø ¸æ’∂ ‘ÈÕ ¿π√ Á∂ Ï≈Ú‹±Á ¿πÈ∑ª ”⁄ «√æ÷‰ Á∆ «⁄‰◊ ‹Ú≈È

’ΩÙÒ «√æ÷ ’∂ ¡≈͉∂ «’Á≈ ˘ ‘Ø ÌØ√∂ÓßÁ ω≈¿π‰ ”⁄ Òæ◊∂ «‘ßÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ «√æ÷‰

˛Õ ¡≈͉∆ ¡◊Ò∆ «ÎÒÓ “’Ø⁄≈‚≈«¬È” Ò¬∆ ª‚Ú «Èz «√æ«÷¡≈Õ ¡≈«Ó È∂ “Ë±Ó C” ”⁄ «‹ÓÈ≈√‡’ Á≈ ØÒ ’∆Â≈ √∆Õ √∆’ ÂΩ ”Â∂ ¿π‘

Ú≈«Ò¡ª Á∆ √±⁄∆ ”⁄ ÈÚª Ȫ √ØÈ≈’Ù∆ «√È∑≈ Á≈ ‹π«Û¡≈ ˛Õ “‘≈Ò∆‚∂” ”⁄ ÏΩ’«√≥◊

«’Á≈ Ï‘π ⁄ÀÒ∂«‹ß◊ √∆Õ Í«‘Òª ª ¿π‘Ø «‹‘∆ ’æÁ ’≈·∆ ‘≈√Ò ’È Ò¬∆ ¿πÈ∑ª

«√æ÷‰ Ò¬∆ ¿π√ È∂ «¬’ ‡z∂È Âæ’ ‘≈«¬ ’∆Â≈ ˛Õ Á∆«Í’≈ Í≈Á±’؉ È∂ “⁄ªÁÈ∆ ⁄Ω’ ‡± ⁄≈«¬È≈” Ò¬∆ ¤∂ Ó‘∆È∂ Âæ’ Ó≈ÙÒ ¡≈‡

È∂ Ó‘∆«È¡ª ÏæË∆ «‹Ó ”⁄ Í√∆È≈ Ú‘≈«¬¡≈Õ «Î ¡≈√‡z∂Ò∆¡≈ ¡Â∂ «¬ß◊ÒÀ∫‚ Á∂

Á∆ ‡∂«Èß◊ Ò¬∆ √∆Õ «¬≥È∆ «ÁÈ∆∫ ’πfi «¬‘Ø «‹‘≈ ‘∆ ’ßÓ «Íz¡ß’≈ ⁄ØÍÛ≈ ’ ‘∆ ˛Õ

‡∂È ÂØ∫ ‘Ú≈ ”⁄ Ò±Í Á∂ √‘≈∂ ’ÂæÚ ’È Á∆ ’¬∆ Ó‘∆È∂ ‡∂«Èß◊ ‘ج∆Õ Ï’ΩÒ

¡≈͉∆ ¡◊Ò∆ «ÎÒÓ “ÓÀ∆’≈Ó” Ò¬∆ ¿π‘ ÿø«‡¡ª ÏæË∆ «‹Ó ”⁄ Í√∆È≈ Ú‘≈ ‘∆ ˛Õ

¡≈«Ó, «ÎÒÓ Á∂ «˜¡≈Á≈Â √‡ß‡ ÓÀ∫ ÷πÁ ’∆Â∂Õ ˜Ó∆È ÂØ∫ H@ Îπæ‡ ¿πÍ Ò±Í ”Â∂ ÓÀ∫

ÏΩ’«√≥◊ «’‡ ”Â∂ √À∫’Û∂ Óπæ’∂ Ú∑≈¿π∫Á∆ «‘ßÁ∆ ˛Õ Ï’ΩÒ «Íz¡ß’≈, “Ï≈’√ ÓÀ∆’≈Ó Á∆

√«ÍÈ ’È≈ √∆Õ ¡«‹‘≈ ’Á∂ √Ó∂∫ «’√∂ ˘ Ú∆ ⁄æ’ ¡≈ √’Á∂ ‘ÈÕ ¿π√ ÂØ∫ Ï⁄‰

’‘≈‰∆ Ï∂‘Á Íz∂’ ˛Õ ÒÛ’∆¡ª √Ó∂ ‘ «’√∂ ˘ ¿πÈ∑ª Á∆

Ò¬∆ ÓÀ∫ ÓÀ‚∆’∂ÙÈ ”Â∂ Ú∆

«˜ßÁ◊∆ ÂØ∫ ’≈Î∆ ’πfi «√æ÷‰≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈

«ÎÒÓ ”⁄ ‡ÀÍ ‚ª√ Á≈ «¬’

˛Õ ÓÀ∫ ¿πÈ∑ª Á∂ «’Á≈ È≈Ò Í±≈

Á∆ ؘ≈È≈ ÍÀz’«‡√ ’«¡≈

’Á∂ √ÈÕ ¿π√ Ò¬∆ ¿π‘

«È¡ª ’ √’ª, ¿π√ ÷≈Â ¿πÈ∑ª

÷≈√ ÂΩ ”Â∂ ¡≈√‡z∂Ò∆¡≈

◊¬∂Õ «¬’ Ó‘∆È≈ ‡∂«Èß◊

Á∆ √∆’ Ì≈Ù≈ ÂØ∫ ÒÀ ’∂ ’æÁ ’≈·∆

’∆Â∆ ¿πÊ∂Õ Ï≈¡Á «Ú⁄

«√‚È∆ Á∂ ‡∂È ˘ ÓßπϬ∆

¡Â∂ ÏØÒ⁄≈Ò Á∂ «Ò‘≈˜ È≈Ò ’ßÓ ’


√≈Òª Òæ ◊ Á∂ ‘È, Í

‘ªÕ Ó∂∂ «’Á≈ Á∂ ¿π⁄≈‰

¡≈«Ó È∂ √Ó«ÍÂ

”⁄ Ó‰∆Íπ∆ Ò«‘‹∂ Á∆ Íπæ·

Ì≈ÚÈ≈ È≈Ò ¿π‘

‘Ø Ú ∂ ◊ ∆Õ ¡‹∂ ¡√∆∫

ͱ  ≈ ’∆Â≈ ˛Õ ÓÀ∆’≈Ó Á∆ Î≈¬∆‡ √≈∂

Úæ‚∆ √∆’ÚÀ∫√ ˛Õ ¡≈«Ó ¿π√

‡À Í ‚ª√ «√æ ÷ ‰ ”⁄

‘∆ ‘ªÕ ÓÀ∫ Ó‰∆Íπ∆ Ú∆ «√æ÷ ‘∆

«ÎÒÓ Á∆ Ù±«‡ß◊ Á≈

«‘≈Õ «¬È∑ª ’ÂϪ Á∂ «¬Ò≈Ú≈

’ß Ó

Í«‘Ò≈ Ù«‚¿±Ò ÏΩ’«√≥◊ «ß◊ ”⁄



”⁄ ‘∆ «√æ ÷

√∆’ÚÀ ∫ √ Ú≈Ò∂

« Ò ¡ ≈ Õ

Ù≈‡ «ÎÒÓ≈


Ò¬∂ ◊¬∂

◊æÒ «¬‘ ‘∆

‘ÈÕ Ó∂  ∂

«’ ÿ ”⁄ ¿π√

Ò¬∆ «¬‘

Á∆ Íz À ’ «‡√

Íz À ’ «‡√

«ÎÒÓ ’≈¯∆ ¸‰ΩÂ∆ ͱÈ ˛Õ ÏΩ’«√≥◊ Á∂ √∆’ÚÀ∫√ Ù±‡ ’Á∂ ’Á∂ Ó∂≈ √∆ Êæ’ ’∂ ⁄± ‘Ø

ÁΩ≈È ¿πÈ∑ª Á≈

Ï∂ ‡ ≈

’π fi


Parivartan May 2014


¡≈‹Á ¿π√ ˘ «Ë¡≈È

«‘ßÁ∆ √∆, “◊πÒ≈Ï ◊À∫◊” Á∂ √‡ß‡ ˘ ‹∆Úß ω≈¿π‰ Ò¬∆ ¿π√ È∂ Ï’≈«¬Á≈ Ó≈ÙÒ

È≈Ò Á∂ « ÷¡≈ ’Á≈

¡≈‡ Á∆ ‡∂«Èß◊ Ò¬∆Õ Ï’ΩÒ Ó≈Ëπ∆, Ó∂∂ «’Á≈ æ‹Ø Á≈ «ÎÒÓ ”⁄ È≈¡≈ √∆,

√∆Õ ¡≈«Ó «¬√ ÂØ ∫

≈‚ «¬ß˜ ◊≈‚Õ ‹∂ ’ج∆ √Ófi≈¿π‰ È≈Ò È≈ ÓßÈ∂ ª ¿π√ Ò¬∆ ‚ª◊ ¸æ’‰ ”⁄ Á∂

Í«‘Òª Ú∆ ¡≈͉∂

È‘∆∫ ’È∆ ⁄≈‘∆Á∆Õ ¿π‘ «’Á≈ ‘π‰ «’‘Ø «‹‘≈ ‘∂◊≈, ¿π√ Á≈ ¡ßÁ≈˜ √Ì ˘ √∆Õ


«Ò‘≈˜≈ ÓÀ∫ «ÏȪ «’√∂ Á∂∆ Á∂ ’«ÈÙ’ ÙÓ≈ ÂØ∫ ¿π√ Á∆ ‡∂«Èß◊ Ò¬∆Õ ’«ÈÙ’



Ù≈˙«ÒÈ Ó≈ÙÒ ¡≈‡ ”⁄ Ó≈«‘ ‘ÈÕ”

ω≈¿π‰ Ò¬∆ ıπÁ

¡≈͉∂ «’Á≈ ˘ ÷±È Í√∆È≈ Á∂‰ Ú≈«Ò¡ª ”⁄ «¬Î≈È Á≈ Ȫ Ú∆ ¡≈¿π∫Á≈ ˛Õ

”Â∂ Íz Ô Ø ◊ ’Á∂

«Â◊ÓªÙ± ˱Ò∆¡≈ ÓπÂ≈Ï’ “Í≈È «√ßÿ ÂØÓ” Ò¬∆ ÓÀ˘ ¡«‹‘∂ ’Ò≈’≈ Á∆ Ì≈Ò √∆

‘∂Õ ÎÈ≈ ”⁄ ⁄À√

‹Ø ÓÀ˘ ¡≈͉≈ ÷±È Í√∆È≈ Á∂ √’∂Õ ¿π‘ ÓÀ˘ «¬Î≈È ‘∆ Á∂ √’Á∂ √ÈÕ ¿π‘ «‘ßÁ∆ «ÎÒÓ ‹◊ ”⁄ «¬’Ø «¬’ ’Ò≈’≈ ‘È «‹È∑ª ˘ ‘≈Ò∆Úπæ‚ ”⁄ √Ì ÂØ∫ «˜¡≈Á≈ √ÍÀ’‡ «ÓÒ∆ ˛Õ ¿πÈ∑ª Á∆ ‚≈«¬Ò≈◊ ‚«ÒÚ∆ ’Ó≈Ò Á∆ ˛Õ Í≈È «√ßÿ ÂØÓ ÓÀ∫ ¿πÈ∑ª ˘ «Ë¡≈È ”⁄ æ÷ ’∂ ω≈¬∆Õ ¡ÊÒ∆È Á∆ ̱«Ó’≈ ˘ ‹∆Úß ’È Ò¬∆ ⁄ßÏÒ, ÊΩÒÍπ ¡Â∂ ‘Ø «¬Ò≈«’¡ª Á∆¡ª ¡√Ò∆ ÏÀ’ª ”⁄ ‘∂Õ ¿πÈ∑ª È∂ ’¬∆ Ó‘∆«È¡ª Âæ’ ÁΩÛ Á∆ «ÚË≈ √‡∂ÍÒ⁄∂√ ”⁄ Ó≈«‘ ‘؉ Ò¬∆ Ó‘∆«È¡ª Âæ’ ¿π√ Á∆ ‡∂«Èß◊ Ò¬∆Õ ¿±√ Á∂ ⁄æÒÁ∂ ¿πÈ∑ª Á∂ «◊æ‡∂ Ú∆ ‡πæ‡∂Õ √Ì È∂ ¿πÈ∑ª Á∂ ÍÀª ”Â∂ «Î ÂØ∫ ÷Û∑∂ ‘؉ Á∆ ¿πÓ∆Á Ú∆ ¤æ‚ «Áæ  ∆



√∆’ÚÀ∫√ ÁΩ≈È ËÛ’‰ª ˘ Â∂˜ ’È Ò¬∆ ¿π‘ Ù≈‡ ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª ¡√Ò ”⁄ ’¬∆ Ó∆Òª

«¬Î≈È È∂ ¿π√ ¡«Ûæ’∂

ÁΩÛ ’∂ «Î Ù≈‡ «ÁßÁ∂Õ

”Â∂ «‹æ Íz≈Í ’∆Â∆Õ

√ØÈ≈’Ù∆ «√È∑≈ “‘≈Ò∆‚∂ ”⁄ Ò∆‹À∫‚ Ï≈’√ Óπ‘ßÓÁ ¡Ò∆ Á∆ Ï∂‡∆ ÒÀÒ≈ ¡Ò∆ Á∂

’πfi Ó‘∆È∂ Ù±«‡ß◊ ÏßÁ

Â∂Ú ¡Â∂ ’Ò∂Ú ”⁄ ˛Õ ¿π‘ «’’ ÏΩ’«√≥◊ Á∆¡ª ’Ò≈√ª Ú∆ ÒÀ ‘∆ ˛Õ ¿π‘ ÓπßϬ∆

«‘‰ «Í¤Ø∫ «ÎÒÓ «Î

Á∆¡ª Úæ÷ Úæ÷ ÒØ’Ò ¡Ω Ï≈’√ª ˘ «ÓÒ∆ Ú∆ ˛Õ ‘∆ √‘∆ ’√ ¿π‘ «Íz¡ß’≈

ÂØ∫ Ù±‡ ‘ج∆ ¡Â∂ «ÎÒÓ

⁄ØÍÛ≈ ÂØ∫ ÏΩ’«√≥◊ Á∂ «‡Í√ ÒÀ ’∂ ͱ∆ ’ ‘∆ ˛Õ Ï’ΩÒ √ØÈ≈’Ù∆, “ÓÀ˘ Ï⁄ÍÈ ÂØ∫


‘∆ Óπ‘ßÓÁ ¡Ò∆ Á∆ Ï∂‡∆ ÒÀÒ≈ ¡Ò∆ Á≈ ◊À‡¡Í Ï‘π Í√ßÁ √∆Õ ÷≈√ ’ ¿πÈ∑ª Á∆


‘∂¡ √‡≈¬∆ÒÕ ÓÀ∫ ¡≈͉∂ Ó∂’¡Í



«¬Î≈È Úª◊ ‘∆

ÓÀÈ ˘ «’‘≈ ’Á∆ √∆ «’ Á∂÷‰≈

Î‘≈È ¡æ ÷ Â È∂

«¬’ È≈ «¬’ «ÁÈ ÓÀ˘ ¿π√

“Ì≈◊ «ÓÒ÷≈ Ì≈◊ ”⁄

¡ÚÂ≈ ”⁄ ¡≈¿π‰ Á≈ ÓΩ’≈

«ÓÒ÷≈ «√ßÿ ˘ ͱ∆

«ÓÒ∂◊≈Õ “‘≈Ò∆‚∂ È∂ Ó∂∆ ¿π‘

Â∑ ª

Óπ≈Á ¤∂Â∆ ͱ∆ ’ «ÁæÂ∆Õ”


¿πÓ Á∂ ⁄ΩÊ∂ Á‘≈’∂ ”⁄

ıπ Á

”⁄ ’

«Ò¡≈Õ Ï’ΩÒ Î‘≈È,

’ÁÓ æ ÷ ‘∆ Ó≈Ëπ  ∆

«ÓÒ÷≈ «√ßÿ È∂ ¡≈͉∆

Á∆’Ù Á≈ ‹˜Ï≈ ª

’‘≈‰∆ Ù∂¡ ’È Á∆

‘Ø Ú∆ Â≈∆¯ Á∂ ’≈ÏÒ

Î∆√ «√¯ «¬’ πͬ∂ Ò¬∆ ¡Â∂ ≈’∂Ù ”Â∂ Úæ‚∆ «˜ßÓ∂Ú≈∆ Í≈ «ÁæÂ∆Õ ’ØÛª Á∆ Î∆√


Á∂‰ «Í¤Ø∫ ≈’∂Ù ¿π√ ÁÏ≈¡ ”⁄ È‘∆∫ «‘ßÁ∂ ‹Ø «¬’ πͬ∂ Á∆ Ú‹∑ª È≈Ò ‘∆ ÍÀ «◊¡≈Õ


«Í¤Ò∆¡ª «ÎÒÓª

ØÓ ˙¶«Í’ Á∂ ¡≈͉∂ ϱ‡ ÓÀ˘ ÂØ‘¯∂ Ú‹Ø∫ Á∂ ’∂ ¿πÈ∑ª È∂ Ó∂∂ ”Â∂ Ú∆ «˜ßÓ∂Ú≈∆ Í≈




¿π ‘

’Ò≈«√’ ‚ª√ ”⁄


≈’∂Ù ˙Ó Íz’≈Ù Ó∂‘≈ ÓπÂ≈Ï’, ’Ò≈’≈ª Á∆ ◊æÒ ’∆¬∂ ª Ó∂∂ «÷¡≈Ò È≈Ò Î‘≈È Á∂ «¬Ò≈Ú≈ «¬√ ØÒ ˘ «√¯ «ÓÒ÷≈ «√ßÿ ‘∆ ÍÒ∂ ’ √’Á∂ √ÈÕ ¿π‘

È Ú ∆ ¡ ª

«’Á≈ ”⁄ ¡«‹‘∂ ß◊∂ «’ «Î ¿πÈ∑ª Á≈ ’ج∆ Á±‹≈ ÏÁÒ ‘∆ È‘∆∫ ‘Ø √’Á≈ √∆Õ

⁄∆˜ª «√æ÷

¿πÈ∑ª È∂ ¿π√ «’Á≈ ˘ «ÈÌ≈¿π‰ Ò¬∆ ÓÀ˘ ¤∂ Ó‘∆È∂ Á≈ √Óª Óß«◊¡≈Õ ¤∂ Ó‘∆È∂

’∂ Ú≈Ë≈ ’Á∆

Ï≈¡Á Î‘≈È ‹Á Ó∂∂ ’ØÒ ¡≈¬∂ ª ÓÀ∫ ¿π√ ÂØ∫ Áß◊ «‘ «◊¡≈Õ ¿π‘ ÙπæË ¡ÊÒ∆‡ Òæ◊ ‘∂ √ÈÕ Ï≈¡Á ”⁄ ÍÂ≈ Òæ◊≈ «’ ∂√ «√æ÷‰ Ò¬∆ ¿πÈ∑ª È∂ Ï’≈«¬Á≈ «¬˜∆’Ò ‡∂È ‘≈«¬ ’∆Â≈ √∆Õ ’Ò≈’≈ª Á∂ «¬È∑ª ’ÁÓª Á≈ ÓÂÒÏ «¬‘∆ ˛ «’ ÁÙ’ª ˘ ’Ú≈«Ò‡∆ «ÎÒÓ Á∂‰ ¡Â∂ «’Á≈ ˘ «ÚÙÚ≈√ÔØ◊ ω≈¿π‰ Á∆ ÷≈Â «’√∂ Ú∆ ‘æÁ Âæ’ ◊π˜ √’Á∂ ‘ÈÕ «¬È∑ª ’ÁÓª √Á’≈ «ÎÒÓ ˘ «¥‡∆’Ò ¡ÀÚ≈‚ Á∂ È≈Ò È≈Ò «Ú≈‚ Ú∆ «ÓÒ‰ Òæ◊∂ ‘ÈÕ

¡«Ó ’‰


Parivartan May 2014

«Èæ’∆ ◊æÒ Úæ‚∆ ◊æÒ

ÌÒ∆ ’∆∫ ’Â≈

Íæ’∂ ’∂Ò∂

◊Ó∆ ¡≈͉∂ ß◊ «Ú÷≈¿π‰ Òæ◊ ͬ∆ ¡≈Õ ÷∂ √πæ’ ‘∂ È∂, Ú≈„∆¡ª Ùπ± ‘Ø

’æÒ∑ ◊Ó∆ È∂ ÊØÛ∑∂ «‹‘∂ ß◊ «Ú÷≈¬∂, Ù«‘∆¬∂ ‘≈¬∂

◊¬∆¡ª È∂Õ Óß‚∆¡ª ”⁄ ’‰’ Ï∆‹‰ Ú≈Ò∂ ‹∂ È≈ πÒ‰ ª √±‹ Íπæ·∂ Í≈«√˙∫

ϱ ’Á∂ «Á√∂...., Óß‚∆¡ª Â∂ ÷∂ª ”⁄ πÒÁ∂ «’√≈È ÷πÙ

«È’Ò‰≈ Ùπ± ‘Ø ‹±Õ

«Á√∂...., Ϭ∆ æÏ≈ ‘Ø ◊Ó∆ Í≈, ’‰’ª Íæ’‰, ÷∂Â

Íß‹≈Ï ”⁄ ⁄؉ª Ìæ‹∆¡ª ¡≈ ‘∆¡ª....., C@ ˘ Ú؇ª ÍÀ‰∆¡ª, Ï≈’∆ ⁄؉ ’«ÓÙÈ ˘ Ú∆ ͱ∆ √Ófi ¡≈ Ϭ∆ «’Ú∂∫ ¡≈÷∆ «ÁȪ ”⁄ ÊØ’ Á∂ Ì≈¡ ”⁄ ÈÙ∂ Úß‚ Úß‚ Í≈‡∆¡ª Ú؇ª χØÁ∆¡ª....., ¿π‘˘ Ú∆ ͱ≈ «Î’ ¡≈ «¬‘Á≈ Â∂ ¿π‘ Â’Û∂ ÍzÏßË ’È ˘ ’«‘ «‘≈.....Õ

√πæ’‰, Ú≈„∆¡ª Ùπ± ‘؉...., ¡ÍzÀÒ Ó‘∆È≈ ª ‹≈‰ ˘ «ÎÁ≈Õ «¬Ú∂∫ ‘∆ Ú؇ª Á∆ Ú≈„∆ ’È Ú≈Ò∂ Ú∆ ‘Ò-‘Ò ’Á∂ «ÎÁ∂ ¡≈Õ ¡’≈Ò∆ ÁÒ È∂ ¡≈͉≈ ⁄؉ ÓÀÈ∆ÎÀ√‡Ø ÍzØ. ’ßÚÒ‹∆ «√ßÿ „πæ‚∆’∂

Ï≈Ï≈ ’«‘ßÁ≈ - Ï‘π ⁄ß◊∆ ◊æÒ ¡≈, ¡’√ ¬∆ ÁπæË Á∆ ≈÷∆ ‹ÁØ∫ «ÏæÒ∆¡ª ’Á∆¡ª ª ¿π‘Ȫ ÂØ∫ “ÏÛ∆¡ª ¡≈√ª” ‘∆ ‘πßÁ∆¡ª.....Õ”

‹≈∆ ’ «ÁæÂ≈ ¬∂Õ «¬‘Á∂ Ï≈∂ ’¬∆ ◊æÒª ‘ج∆¡ªÕ


Ó≈√‡ ‹∆ ’«‘ßÁ∂ -¿π‘∆ Íπ≈‰∂ ⁄ß‚∆◊Û∑, Í≈‰∆¡ª,

Ï≈’∆ Ó≈√‡ ‹∆ È∂ ’«Ïæ √π‰≈«¬¡≈, Âπ√∆∫ Ú∆ √π‰ Ò˙.... :

Ï∂ÿ«¡ª, √Ï«√‚∆¡ª Ú≈Ò∂ ÓπæÁ∂ ¡≈, ‹∆‘˘ È≈ ’ج∆ ÍÛ∑Á≈, È≈ «¬‘ ͱ∂ ‘؉∂...., Â∂

«‹Ê∂ ‹Ú≈È∆ Ï∂π˜◊≈, Ó«‘ß◊≈¬∆ Á∆ Ó≈,

ÍÂ≈ ¬∆ ¡≈ «’ ‹∂ ÓπæÁ∂ ͱ∂ ‘Ø ◊¬∂ ª ‘Ø «’ÊØ∫ «Ò¡≈Úª◊∂...., Í≈‰∆ ”⁄ ÓË≈‰∆ Í≈¬∆

ÁÒ≈Òª Á∆ ‘∆ ÌÓ≈, ’ج∆ È≈ ÒÚ∂ √≈Õ

‘∆ √±Â «‘ßÁ∆ ¡≈...., È≈ Óæ÷‰ «È’Ò∂, È≈ Í≈‰∆ √πæ’∂....Õ”

«√«Ú¡ª ”⁄ Òæª Ú≈«Ò¡ª Á∆ √’≈, ‹Ø È≈ Ó≈È ÈΩ √Ω ⁄±‘∂ ÷≈ ’∂ Ú∆ ‚’≈.....Õ ¿π√ ‹◊≈‘ Á≈ Ï∂Û≈ Í≈ ‘∆ Í≈, ÌÒ∆ ’∆∫ ’Â≈.....Õ” ’∂‘± È∂ È≈Ò ‘∆ ‹ØÛ ”Â≈ : ÌÒ∆ ’∆∫ ’Â≈..... , Ò∆‚ª ˘ ⁄≈‘∂ Á∂ Á∂ ’≈....., Í √≈˘ Á∂¬∆∫ ⁄æÒ∆∫ ؇∆ Â∂ ¡⁄≈....., È≈Ò∂ Ì≈¬∆ Ò∆‚≈.....,

’∂‘± ’«‘ßÁ≈ - ÓÂÒÏ ¡≈‘∆ ¡≈ «’ Í≈‰∆ ¿π‘∆ Íπ≈‰∆ ÷∂Ò Á≈ ¬∆ ¡≈...., Ïæ√ ‘ Ú≈, ÿÛ≈, ◊ÛÚ≈ ‹ª ÍÒ≈√‡’ Á∆ ÏØÂÒ ÈÚ∆∫ Ò≈ «ÁßÁ∂ ¡≈Õ” ◊æÒ ⁄æÒ∆ «’ ‹ÁØ∫ ÓπæÁ∂ ¿π‘∆ Ï≈Ï∂ Á∆ ¿πÓ «‹æ‚∂ ¡≈ ª «Î ⁄؉ª ÂØ∫ ‘¯Â≈ ’π Í«‘Òª ‘∆ «¬‘ ÍæÂ ’≈‘ÂØ∫ ‹≈∆ ’∆Â≈ «◊¡≈....Õ ’∂‘± ‹Á∂ ‘∆ ¿π«·¡≈ Â∂ ‘π‰∂ ¡≈«¬¡≈ ’«‘’∂ ¡æË∂ ÿø‡∂ «Í¤Ø∫ Óπ«Û¡≈Õ fiØÒ∂ ”⁄Ø∫ Á‹È Í∆Ò∂ Í∆Ò∂ ’∂Ò∂ ’æ„∂...., ’«‘ßÁ≈ ß◊ Ú∂÷Ø ÚË∆¡≈....? √≈∂ ’«‘ßÁ∂ - Ï‘π ÚË∆¡≈...., Î∂ ¿π‘È∂ ‘∂’ ˘ «¬’ «¬’ ’∂Ò≈ Úß‚ ”Â≈...., ’«‘ßÁ≈ ÷≈˙...., ‹ÁØ∫ ÷≈

ÓæÊ≈ ‡∂’ ÍÂ≈√≈ ÒÀ.....,

Ò∂ ª Íπæ¤∂ - «Óæ·∂ Òæ◊∂....? √≈∂ ’«‘‰, Ï‘π ÚË∆¡≈ «Óæ·∂ ¡≈...., È≈Ò∂ Î∆ Á∂

È‘∆∫ √æ⁄,

¡≈....Õ Â∂ Î∂ ‡Í±√∆ Ó≈ ’∂ ’«‘ßÁ≈ - ‘π‰ Áæ√Ø ÓÀ˘ Ú؇ Í≈˙∫◊∂....?”

ÏØÂÒ ‡∂’, Ú؇ ÒÀ.....,

’≈Ó∂‚ ’«‘ßÁ≈ -’‘≈‰∆¡ª «‹‘∆¡ª ’∆ Í≈¬∆ ‹≈Ȫ, «√æË≈ Áæ√....Õ”

Ú؇ª ”⁄ ª «ÁÈ «‘ ◊¬∂ ¡≈ Ó√ª ‘∆ ¤∂Õ”

ª ’«‘ßÁ≈ - «¬‘ ’∂Ò∂ ÓÀ∫ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈Û∆ «⁄Û∂ ¡ÓÒ∆ Á∆ ∂Û∑∆ ÂØ∫ «Ò¡ªÁ∂ ¡≈....,

¡≈͉∆ ‘∆ Í≈‡∆ ω≈¿π‰∆ ÍÀ‰∆

Í√Ø∫ ‹ÁØ∫ ¿π‘È∂ «Ò¡ªÁ∂ √∆ ª ‹Ó∑ª ¬∆ ÌÀÛ∂ «‹‘∂ √∆...., È≈Ò∂ Ï’Ï’∂ Â∂ È≈Ò∂

’æÒ∑ ◊Ó∆ È∂ ⁄ß◊∂ ß◊ «Ú÷≈¬∂Õ Áπ«Í‘Ø∫ Ï≈¡Á ÁØ ’π Ú≈ ¡√Ó≈È «‹‘≈ ª

’æ⁄∂....Õ ’æÒ∑ ¿π‘È∂ ÁÚ≈¬∆ Í≈ ’∂ æ÷ ”Â∂...., ≈ÂØ ≈ Í∆Ò∂ ̱’ ‘Ø ”◊∂...., Î∂ ‘∂’

’≈Ò≈ ’∆Â≈ Í Ó∆∫‘ ’‰∆ ÂØ∫ Ï⁄≈¡ «‘≈Õ ¿π∫‹ ‘≈Ò∂ ÷∂ ͱ∂ √πæ’∂ È‘∆∫, «’√≈È ¬∆

”⁄ √’∆È Á≈ ‡∆’≈ Ò≈«¬¡≈...., ¡ÀÈ «ÓÙ∆ Ú◊∂ «Óæ·∂ ‘Ø◊∂...., Í «¬‘ ÁÚ≈¬∆

√πæ’ ‘∂ ¡≈....., ’¬∆ Óß‚∆¡ª ”⁄, ’¬∆ ÷∂ª ”⁄ ⁄؉ ‹π◊≈Û ‘Ø Â∂˜ ‘Ø ‘∂ ¡≈Õ

È≈Ò Í’≈¬∂ ’∂Ò∂ ⁄æÒ‰∂ Í≈‡∆¡ª Á∂ ÓÀÈ∆ÎÀ√‡Ø Úª◊ «√¯ D-E «ÁÈ ¬∆ ‘πßÁ∂ ¡≈....,

’∂‘± ’æÒ∑ √æÊ ”⁄ ¡≈«¬¡≈, √≈¬∆’Ò ÂØ∫ ¿πÂÁ∂ √≈ ¬∆ «¤Û «Í¡≈ - ÓÀ∫ ª «¬Èª ’ß‹ª ˘ Í«‘Òª «’‘≈ √∆ «’ ¡≈ͪ Ú∆ Í≈‡∆ ω≈ Ò∆¬∂ È‘∆∫, ¡≈ͪ ˘ «’√∂ È∂ È∆ Íπ椉≈, ¿π‘∆ ◊æÒ ‘Ø◊∆.....Õ”

÷≈˙ Â∂ ’ßÓ ÈÏ∂ÛØ....Õ” Ó≈√‡ ‹∆ È∂ Èæ’ «‹‘≈ «⁄Û≈«¬¡≈, ’«‘ßÁ∂ - Í «¬‘ ª Èπ’√≈È ’È◊∂....?” ª ’∂‘± È∂ ¤æ‚∆ - Â∂ «Î ¡≈‘ «‹‘Û∆¡ª Í≈‡∆¡ª, ‘ Ú≈ ⁄؉ ÓÀÈ∆ÎÀ√‡Ø

Ó≈√‡ ‹∆ ’«‘ßÁ∂ - ’∆ ‘Ø «◊¡≈.....?”

E-G «ÁÈ Í«‘Òª ’æ„ ’∂ Óß±‘ «Óæ·≈ ’≈ ’∂ Ú؇ª ÒÀ ‹ªÁ∆¡ª, ˙Áß± ª ÿæ‡ ¬∆

ª ’«‘ßÁ≈ - ≈‹√Ê≈È ”⁄ Ìπæ’∆ ”Â∂ ÍÏßÁ∆ Ò≈ ”Â∆Õ E@@ πͬ∆¬∂ «’ÒØ Ú≈Ò∂ ‚Ø‚∂

Èπ’√≈È ’È◊∂....Õ” Ï≈’∆ Î≈«¬Á≈ Èπ’√≈È Âπ√∆∫ ¡≈Í∂ ¬∆ Ú∂÷ «Ò˙, ’∂‘± Á≈ ’ßÓ

‘π‰ B ÂØ∫ D ‘˜≈ Á∂ Ì≈¡ «Ú’Á∂ ¡≈Õ Íø‹≈Ï ”⁄ Á≈± ‘∂’ ÓØÛ ”Â∂ «ÓÒÁ∆ ¡≈.....,

ª ÂÛ’≈ Ò≈ ’∂ Í∂∑ ‘Ø ‹≈‰≈ ¬∆ ‘πßÁ≈ ¬∂Õ

«⁄æ‡≈ Ú∆ ÒØ’ª ˘ ¡≈Ó «ÓÒÁ≈....., Ïæ√ ‚Ø«‚¡ª ”Â∂ ¬∆ ÍÏßÁ∆ Ò≈ ’∂ ◊∆Ï Ó≈ ’

Í«‘Òª Ú؇ª Á≈, Î∂ Ï∂Ï∂ Á≈....!

”Â∆....., ’æÒ∑ √≈‚≈ «¬’ Ï≈¬∆ Ìπæ’∆ Óß◊Á≈ Óß◊Á≈ ¬∆ Ù‘∆Á ‘Ø «◊¡≈......, ‘π‰ √≈‚∂

ÁØ ’π «ÁÈ Á∆ Ó∆∫‘ ’‰∆ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á ’æÒ∑ ⁄ß◊∆ ’Û’Ú∆∫ ËπæÍ «È’Ò∆Õ ¿π∫‹ ‘≈Ò∂

Ï∂Ò∆¡ª ˘ √Û’ª ”Â∂ «Ò‡‰≈ ÍÀ‰≈........, «Ú¡≈‘ ‹Ø◊∂ ’∂ ¡≈, ¡Û≈‡ ÌØ◊∂ ’∂ ͬ∆

≈ ˘ ÷∂√ª Á∆ ÒØÛ ÍÀ∫Á∆ ¡≈, Íæ÷∂ Ú∆ «¬æ’ ÈßÏ ”Â∂ ⁄ÒÁ∂ ¡≈, ‡∂ÏÒ ÎÀÈ Ú∆ √ªÌ∂

‹ªÁ≈Õ «¬È∑ª È∂ ª «‹æ ’∂ ¿π‘ ‹≈‰≈....., √≈‚∂ Ï≈¬∆¡ª ˘ ‘π‰ Á≈± ”Â∂ «⁄æ‡∂ ”Â∂

È‘∆∫ ◊¬∂Õ ¿πË «Í¤Ò∂ «ÁȪ ”⁄ ¡≈¬∂ Ó∆∫‘ fiæ÷Û ’’∂ ’‰’ª Ú∆ «‚æ◊∆¡ª „æ·∆¡ª

Òæ◊‰≈ ÍÀ‰≈.....Õ”

÷∂ª ”⁄ ÷Û∑∆¡ª È∂Õ

Ó≈√‡ ‹∆ È∂ ¤∂Û ”Â≈ - Ϭ∆ ÂÀ˘ È∆ Î’ ÍÀ∫Á≈.....?”

⁄؉ª Ú≈Ò∆ Ú≈„∆ ’’∂ ¿πÓ∆ÁÚ≈ Ú∆ «‚æ◊∂ „æ·∂ ‚‡∂ ‘ج∂ ¡≈....., «’√∂ Á≈ ◊Ò≈

ª ’«‘ßÁ≈ - È≈ Ì≈Ú≈, √≈‚∂ Ú«◊¡ª ˘ ª ’∆ Î’ ÍÀ‰≈....., ¡≈͉∂ ª

÷≈Ï ‘Ø «◊¡≈...., «’√∂ Á∂ ◊Ø‚∂ ¡Û∑≈‡ Í≈¿π∫Á∂ ¡≈...., «’√∂ Á∂ ÓØ„∂ ◊Û’≈‘‡ Í≈¿π∫Á∂

Íø‹ √æ ÍπÒ√∆¬∂ Ô≈ ¡≈, ⁄≈ Íø‹ Ò∆‚ª Á∂ ⁄Ó⁄∂....., ¡≈ͪ ˘ ª «¬ÊØ∫ ¬∆ «√æË≈

¡≈...., Â∂¬∆¡≈ Ïπ÷≈ ª ıÀ ‘∂’ ˘ ¬∆ ⁄«Û∑¡≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈....Õ Í ‘∂’ ¬∆ ’‘∆

ÙπæË Ó≈Ò «ÓÒ ‹ªÁ≈Õ”

‹ªÁ≈ «’ ‘≈Ò∂ È∆ ‘√ÍÂ≈Ò ‹Ó∑ª ‘؉≈, C@ ¡ÍzÀÒ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á ”⁄ ¬∆ Á∂÷ª◊∂Õ

’≈Ó∂‚ È∂ Íπæ¤ «Ò¡≈ - ÙπæË Ó≈Ò Á≈ ’∆ ÓÂÒÏ.....?”

’∂‘± ’«‘ßÁ≈ - Ò◊Á≈ «¬‘Ø «‹‘∂ Ú∂Ò∂ ª «’√∂ Ò∆‚ Á∆ «’Â∂ Ó≈Â≈ Ú∆ ⁄Û∑≈¬∆

ª Áæ√∂ - ’Á∂ ’Á∂ Ï≈‘Ø∫ Ò¬∂ Ó≈Ò ”⁄, ◊Ò ÏßÁ∂ Òæ’Û Á≈ ϱ≈ «ÓÒ≈ «ÁßÁ∂

’ ”‹∂ ª ¿π‘ Ú∆ ‘√ÍÂ≈Ò ”⁄ ¬∆ æ÷±...., Ϭ∆ C@ Âæ’ Ú؇ª Á≈ ‹È≈‹≈ ’æ„

¡≈....., ¿πÁØ∫ ª ÍÂ≈ È∆ Ò◊Á≈, ϱ≈ «„æ‚ ”⁄ ÎπæÒ ‹ªÁ≈....., ÍÂ≈ ª «Î √Ú∂∂

Ò∆¬∂...., Ï≈¡Á ”⁄ Ï∂Ï∂ Á≈ ’愪◊∂....Õ” Ï≈Ï∂ È∂ «fiÛ’Â≈ Ϭ∆ ‹ÁØ∫ ’±, Íπæ·∆ ◊æÒ ¬∆

¬∆ Ò◊Á≈ ‹ÁØ∫.....!!”

’±Õ ª ’«‘ßÁ≈ - Ï≈Ï≈ ‹∆, ‹ß«Ó¡ª ª ÓÀ∫ «√æË≈ ¬∆ √∆ Í Òæ¤Ø Â≈¬∆ È∂ ◊πÛ∑Â∆ ”⁄

Ï≈Ï≈ ’«‘ßÁ≈ - Ïæ√ ’, √Ófi◊∂ Â∂∂ √≈∂ Áπæ÷ ˘.....,

◊ÒÂ∆ È≈Ò ◊πÛ Á∆ ʪ ”Â∂ «Ó⁄ª ÷Ú≈ ”Â∆¡ª √∆, «¬√∂ ’’∂ ÏØÒ Ï≈‰∆ ’πfi «Ó⁄ª

Âß± ¡◊Ò∆ Ú≈ ÂØ∫ ¡≈͉∆ Í≈‡∆ ‘∆ ω≈ Ò∆∫.....Õ”

«‹‘∆¡ª Ú≈Ò∆ ¡≈Í∂ ‘∆ ‘Ø ‹ªÁ∆ ¬∂Õ” ’∂‘± Á∂ «Ó⁄ª Ú≈Ò∂ ÂÛ’∂ ˘ «ÓÙ∆ ’’∂ ‘∆

Â∂ ¿π‘ ‡æÒ∆¡ª Ó≈Á≈ ¿π‘ «◊¡≈, ¿π‘ «◊¡≈Õ”

‹≈«‰˙, √Ú≈Á Òæ◊±◊≈Õ

Parivartan may 2014