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Parivartan December 2013


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Publisher & Managing Editor : Kulmit Singh Sangha Editor (Canada) : Jasbeer Singh

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Editor (India): Prof. Kanwaljit Singh Dhudike Co-Editor (India) Amrit Kaur Ludhiana Special Thanks : Dr. Surjit Patar Baldev Singh ‘Sadaknama’ Jagroop Singh Jarkhar Design & Layout : Ravinder Kaur Sarghi Auvis Pro Printer :

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Parivartan December 2013

Jasbeer Singh


On 26th November, India observed the

ment of India weakens its own argument

fifth anniversary of the 26/11 Mumbai attack

in the court of

world public opinion, as it pushes Pakistan to

that shook the entire nation as Pakistani terrorists stormed the

take action

against the master minds behind the Mumbai

city landmarks killing 166 innocent people.

massacre of 2008.

It was a solemn memorial service attended by the Chief Minis-

Is it not blatant hypocrisy to ask a foreign government to take

ter of the state and top Maharashtra Police officers, who paid hom-

stern action against alleged criminals roaming free in that country

age to the martyrs. Citizens praised Mumbai Police for its vigi-

while itself, not lifting a finger to punish worse criminal offenders

lance and security in the city.

who indulged in indescribable atrocities against fellow citizens of

No amount of weeping or wailing can bring the dead back to

your own city and the country? There is no other democratic coun-

life, but it is appropriately humanitarian to remember the innocent

try in the world that is harbouring such criminals within its political

victims of criminal actions and reassure the public of the state’s

fold and rewarding them with ministerial positions in the govern-

commitment to ensure safety and security for all.


However, it is ironic that the government of India, that is so

Is it not hypocritical to commemorate the tragedy of 2008 that

appropriately keen to remember the victims of the terror attack in

claimed 166 innocent lives and not remember 3,000 innocent citi-

Mumbai in 2008, seems equally keen to make the entire nation

zens of the country, who were subjected to far worse pain, suffer-

forget the victims of state or state-inspired and engineered terror-

ing and humiliation than death delivered by hot lead?

ism that left nearly 3,000 innocent citizens brutally massacred on

The constitution prescribes that the state shall not discriminate

the streets of its capital, in the same month, a mere 23 years

against any citizen but how is one expected to interpret the public

earlier, in 1984. Why double standards?

realities pertaining to the two very unfortunate and tragic occur-

Could it be that the 1984 victims were Sikhs? Or the fact that

rences in the country, that both claimed innocent lives at the hands

they had been raped, beaten, burnt alive and massacred by the

of criminals? In one case, the terrorist group was said to have

criminals organized, brought in, armed and directed by the power-

originated in a foreign country and the law enforcement took deci-

ful political elite? Were they not Indians? Were they not entitled to

sive action to eliminate this group and restore safety and security

the equal ‘protection of the laws within the territory of India’, as

for the people. In the other case, the perpetrators were your own

enshrined in the constitution?

fellow citizens who were mobilized, armed and inspired to kill in-

Any Indian should be proud of the fact that within hours of the

nocent citizens as the police watched the murder spree as it con-

tragic occurrences in Mumbai, India’s intelligence agencies pro-

tinued unabated for 72 hours, right in the streets of the nation’s

vided a detailed and graphic account of what happened; who the


culprits were; how and when they were recruited; where they were

With what logic can one reassure the victims of the home grown

trained and by whom; who was the criminal master mind who

terror, and make them believe that they can enjoy the same level of

funded, equipped and directed the perpetrators. India’s intelli-

safety and security as all other citizens of the country; when the

gence was also able to provide a blow-by-blow account of how

government chooses to turn a blind eye to their suffering and re-

these people travelled, over land, at sea and how they were re-

fuses to investigate, identify and punish the murderers in accor-

motely guided and controlled.

dance with the laws of the land?

While it is reasonable to expect the government of India to ask

Human body is an extremely resilient being. It can recover from

the neighboring Pakistan government to desist from such mur-

severe injuries. But if a sore limb or organ is not given due care, it

derous adventures in future, is it not equally pertinent to ask the

can result in unimaginable dire consequences. Human society is

government of India to hold its own machinery of the state, its

also a similar entity. It can also recover from serious trauma and

police, its judiciary and its politicians, accountable for their ac-

strain; but only if the sore or the suffering component is given due

tions that led to the gruesome murders of thousands of innocent

attention and care. If not, the long term consequences may well

citizens, for no fault of theirs.

be, beyond anyone’s imagination.

By not taking appropriate action in accordance with the provi-

We hope and wish that the government of India will take the

sions of the law, against the perpetrators of gross criminal ac-

necessary corrective steps to remedy a bad situation that has

tions, right under their noses, in the nation’s capital, the govern-

been left unattended for far too long.


Parivartan December 2013

Food Benefit

Traditional chicken, beef, and pork production de-

pects the global population to grow from the current 7.2

vours resources and creates waste. Meat-free meat

billion to 9.6 billion by 2050. Also, as countries such as

might be the solution.

Tom Foster

China and India continue to develop, their populations

On an ordinary spring morning in

are adopting more Western diets.

Columbia, Missouri, Ethan Brown

Worldwide the amount of meat eaten

stands in the middle of an or-

per person nearly doubled

dinary kitchen tearing apart a

from 1961 to 2007, and the

chicken fajita strip. “Look at

UN projects it will double

this,” he says. “It’s amazing!”

again by 2050.

Around him, a handful of stout

In other words, the planet

Midwestern food-factory workers lean in and nod ap-

needs to rethink how it gets its meat. Brown is ad-

provingly. “I’m just so proud of it.”

dressing the issue by supplying a near-perfect meat

The meat Brown is pulling apart looks normal

analogue, but he is not alone in reinventing animal

enough : beige flesh that separates into long strands.

products. Just across town, Modern Meadow uses 3-

It would not be out of place in a chicken salad or Cae-

D printers and tissue engineering to grow meat in a

sar wrap. Bob Prusha, a colleague of Brown’s, stands

lab. The company already has a refrigerator full of

over a stove sautéing a batch for us to eat. But the

lab-grown beef and pork; in fact, the company’s co-

meat Brown is fiddling with and Prusha is frying is

founder, Gabor Forgacs, fried and ate a piece of

far from ordinary. It’s actually not meat at all. Brown is the CEO of Beyond Meat, a four-year-

engineered pork onstage at a 2011 TED talk. Another scientist, Mark Post at Maastricht University

old company that manufactures a meat substi-

in the Netherlands, is also using tissue engi-

tute made mainly from soy and pea proteins

neering to produce meat in a lab. In August, he

and amaranth. Mock meat is not a new idea.

served an entire lab-grown burger to two diners

Grocery stores are full of plant-based substi-

on a London stage as a curious but skeptical

tutes-the Boca and Gardenburgers of the world, not to mention Asian staples like tofu and seitan. What sets Beyond Meat apart

crowd looked on. Chicken-Free Strips It took more than two decades to create

is how startlingly meat-like its product is.

a vegetable-based meat analogue with a

The “chicken” strips have the distinct fi-

consistency and texture similar to

brous structure of poultry, and they de-

chicken; Whole Foods began selling the

liver a similar nutritional profile. Each

packaged Beyond Meat product in

serving has about the same amount of protein as an equivalent portion of chicken, but with zero choles-

spring. Revolutions tend to appear revolutionary only from a distance, and

terol or saturated and trans fats.

as Brown walks me to the produc-

To Brown, there is little differ-

tion floor, I’m struck by how simi-

ence between his product and the real thing. Factory-farmed chickens


lar the Beyond Meat factory looks to any other.


Nondescript metal ma-

treated as animals, he says;

chinery churns away. Ingre-

they’re machines that trans-

dients sit in plastic bulk-

form vegetable inputs into chicken breasts. Beyond Meat

foods bins. We put on hairnets and white coats and walk over to

simply uses a more efficient production system. Where one pound

a small blue conveyor belt, where Brown’s chicken strips emerge

of cooked boneless chicken requires 7.5 pounds of dry feed and

from the machinery cooked and in oddly rectilinear form. They are

30 liters of water, the same amount of Beyond Meat requires only

not yet seasoned, he says, but they are ready to eat. At the end of

1.1 pound of ingredients and two liters of water.

the conveyor belt, the still-steaming strips fall unceremoniously

The ability to efficiently create meat, or something sufficiently

into a steel bucket, where they land with a dull thud.

meat-like, will become progressively more important in coming

Each year, Americans eat more than 200 pounds of meat per

years because humanity may be reaching a point when there’s

person. For example, a single pound of cooked beef, a family

not enough animal protein to go around. The United Nations ex-

meal’s worth of hamburgers, requires 298 square feet of land, 27

Food Benefit pounds of feed, and 211 gallons of water.

Parivartan December 2013


And yet to most people, meat tastes good. Studies suggest that

Supplying meat not only devours resources but also creates

eating meat activates the brain’s pleasure center in much the same

waste. That same pound of hamburger requires more than 4,000

way chocolate does. Even many vegetarians say bacon smells

Btu’s of fossil-fuel energy to get to the dinner table; something has

great when it’s cooking. For whatever reason, most people simply

to power the tractors, feedlots, slaughterhouses, and trucks. That

love to eat meat - myself included. And that makes re-creating it,

process, along with the methane the cows belch throughout their

whether from vegetables or cells in a lab, exceedingly difficult.

lives, contributes as much as 51 percent of all greenhouse gas produced in the world.

In the mid-1980s, a food scientist named Fu-hung Hsieh moved to Columbia, Missouri, to start a food-engineering program at the

To understand how humans developed such a reliance on meat,

University of Missouri. Hsieh was coming to academia from a

it’s useful to start at the beginning. Several million years ago, homi-

successful career in the processed-foods industry, at Quaker Oats,

nids had large guts and smaller brains. That began to reverse

and he convinced the university to buy him a commercial-grade

around two million years ago: Brains got bigger as guts got smaller.

extrusion machine, nearly unheard of in an academic setting.

The primary reason for the change, according to a seminal 1995

An extruder is one of the processed-food industry’s most im-

study by evolutionary anthropologist Leslie Aiello, then of the Uni-

portant and versatile pieces of equipment, the invention respon-

versity College London, is that our ancestors started eating meat,

sible for Froot Loops and Cheetos and premade cookie dough.

a compact, high-energy source of calories. With meat, hominids

Dry and wet ingredients are poured into a hopper on one end of the

did not need to maintain a large, energy-intense digestive system.

machine and a rotating auger pushes them through a long barrel,

Instead, they could divert energy elsewhere, namely to power big

where they are subjected to varying levels of heat and pressure. At

energy-hungry brains. And with those brains, they changed the

the barrel’s end, the ingredients pass through a die that forms


them into whatever shape and texture the machine has been pro-

As time progressed, meat became culturally important too. Hunt-

grammed to produce.

ing fostered cooperation; cooking and eating the kill brought com-

“We didn’t worry about flavor or anything else,” Hsieh tells me.

munities together over shared rituals-as it still does in backyard

“We wanted it to tear apart like chicken-it was all just about initial

barbecues. Neal Barnard, a nutrition author and physician at George

appearance.” They knew there wasn’t a single physical or chemi-

Washington University, argues that today the cultural appeal of

cal adjustment that would bring about a solution. They just had to

meat trumps any physiological benefits. “We have known for a

experiment. “You have to have the right ingredients, the right tem-

long time that people who don’t

perature, the right hardware,”

eat meat are thinner and

Huff says. “You try things, make

healthier and live longer than

observations, and make ad-

people who do,” he says. Nutri-

justments” for years, even de-

tionally, meat is a good source


of protein, iron, and vitamin B12,

“If we used too much soy, it

but, Barnard says, those nutri-

was too firm, and if we reduced

ents are easily available from

it too much, it became soft, like

other sources that aren’t also

tofu,” Brown remembers. “It

heavy in saturated fats. “For the

took us two years to figure that

millennia of our sojourn on

out, and it’s still not perfect.”

Earth, we have been getting

As Brown and Hsieh refined

more than enough protein from

the product, it began to gain no-

entirely plant-based sources.

tice. Bill Gates, who has

The cow gets its protein that

adopted the meat-production

way and simply rearranges it

crisis as one of his signature

into muscle. People say, ‘Gee

issues, published a report

if I don’t eat muscle, where will

about the issue on his blog,

I get protein?’ You get it from

The Gates Notes, in which he

the same place the cow got it.”

endorsed Beyond Meat as an

To Barnard, the simple con-

important innovation. “I couldn’t

clusion is that everyone should

tell the difference between Be-

stick to eating plants-and he’s

yond Meat and real chicken,” he

right that it would be a far more


efficient use of all that cropland.

Courtesy: Popular Science

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Óß È ‰≈ ÍÚ∂ ◊ ≈ «’ ¡æ ‹ «√º ÷ ‘∆ ¡≈͉∆ ÏØ Ò ∆, ¡≈͉∂ ËÓ, «Ú√∂ Â∂ «‘Â-ÓÔ≈Á≈ Á≈ ◊Ò ÿ∞ ‡ ‘∂ ‘È Èª «’ ’Ø ¬ ∆ Ï≈‘Ò∂ ‘∞’Ó≈È ‹ª Ë≈ÛÚ∆Õ ‹Ø AIHD «Ú⁄ √’≈ È∂ Â∂ ¯Ω ‹ ª È∂ , «√º ÷ ËÓ ¡√Ê≈Ȫ, «√º÷ª Â∂ «√º÷∆ È≈Ò ’∆Â≈, Ï‘∞ ں‚≈ ◊∞È≈‘ √∆, ˺’≈ √∆, ȪÓπ¡≈¯ ’È Ú≈Ò≈ ‹∞Ó √∆; Í, ÏØÒ∆, ËÓ, «Ú√∂ Â∂ ÓÔ≈Á≈ ˘ «Â¡≈◊‰ Á≈ ÿØ ‹∞Ó ‹Ø ¡√∆∫ «È «ÁÈ ’Á∂ ¡≈ ‘∂ ‘ª, ’∆ «¬‘ ’≈ÏÒ∂-Óπ¡≈¯∆ ‘À? Ù≈«¬Á, «¬‘ ¡Â’ÊÈ∆ È‘∆∫ ‘ØÚ∂◊∆ «’ «√º÷∆, «√º÷ ËÓ ‹ª √≥√’≈ª Á≈ «¬ÂÈ≈ È∞ ’ √≈È Óπ ◊ Òª Ú∂ Ò ∂ È‘∆∫ ‘Ø«¬¡≈, «‹ÂÈ≈ ¡√∆∫ ¡≈Í, ‘º√Á∂ ÷∂‚Á∂ ‘ج∂, Ù≈Ϫ, ‚º◊ª Á∂ ˜Ø Â∂ , ÷π Ù ∆¡ª ÓÈ≈¿∞ ∫ Á∂ ‘Ø ¬ ∂ , «È «ÁÈ ’ ‘∂ ‘ªÕ

’ «Ò¡≈, ª √≈Ë≈‰ ‹ÈÂ≈ Ú∆, ¡≈͉∂ Úº«‚¡ª Á∆ ∆√

«¬√Ò≈Ó Èª ’Ï»Ò ’È Ú≈Ò∂ ÒØ’ª ¿∞Í, √˜≈ Á∂ ÂΩ ”Â∂ «¬’ “‹˜∆¡≈” ‡À’√ Ú∆ Ò≈«¬¡≈ √∆Õ «¬È∑ª ‘≈Ò≈ª «Ú⁄, √Ó«fi¡≈ ‹≈ √’Á≈ ‘À «’ ≈‹ ‹ª ÍzÙ≈√È Á∆ ‘Ó≈«¬Â Á∂ ψÀ, ËÓ Á≈ Íz⁄≈ ‹ª Íz√≈, Ï‘∞ ¡Ω÷≈ ‹ª Â’∆ÏÈ È≈ÓπÓ’È ‹Ø √’Á≈ ‘ÀÕ ÷πÙ∆ Á∆ ◊æÒ ‘À «’ ¡æ‹ ’æÒ∑ Á∂ ˜Ó≈È∂ «Ú⁄, ÒØ’≈‹ Íz⁄Ò ‘À ¡Â∂ ¡≈Ú≈‹≈¬∆ Á∂ √≈ËȪ ”⁄ Âº’∆ ‘؉ ’≈È ‹ª «Â‹≈ Á∂ «ÚÙÚ∆’È ‘؉ ’≈È, Úº÷ Úº÷ ËÓª Á∂ ÒØ’ ÈÚ∂∫ ÈÚ∂∫ «¬Ò≈«’¡ª ”⁄ ‹≈ Ú√Á∂ ‘ÈÕ ¿∞È∑ª ˘ «ÚË≈«È’ Â∂ ’≈Èß»È∆ ÂΩ ”Â∂ ÷æπÒ∑ ‘À «’ ¿∞‘ ¡≈͉∂ ËÓ ‹ª √º«Ì¡≈⁄≈ Á≈, ¡≈˜≈Á∆ ¡Â∂ Ó≈‰ È≈Ò Íz◊‡≈Ú≈ ’ √’‰Õ ’È∂‚≈ «Ú⁄ «¬√ ˘ “ÓºÒ‡∆ ’Ò⁄«Ò˜Ó” ‹ª Ï‘∞-√«Ì¡≈⁄≈’ Í≈«Ò√∆ Á∂ ÂΩ Â∂ ‹≈«‰¡≈ ‹ªÁ≈ ‘À Â∂ «¬‘ Í≈«Ò√∆ √≈‚∂ «ÚË≈È Á≈ ¡«‘Ó «‘º√≈ ‘ÀÕ Ò◊Á≈ ‘À «’ ¡æ‹ ¡Ó∆’≈ «Ú⁄ «¬√Ò≈Ó ËÓ Á∂ ÒØ’ª ˘ Ùº’∆ Ș È≈Ò Á∂«÷¡≈ ‹≈ «‘≈ ‘À, Í ’∆ «¬‘ √’≈∆ Í≈«Ò√∆ ‘À ‹ª ’∞fi ÒØ’ª ˘ ◊∞Ó≈‘ ’’∂, √Ó≈‹ «Ú⁄ ‰≈¡ ÍÀÁ≈ ’È Á∆ ’Øfi∆ ‘’Â? Ì∞Ò‰≈ È‘∆∫ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ «’ ¡Ó∆’≈ Á∂ ÓΩ‹»Á≈ √ºÁ ‘Øª Á≈ «Ú⁄’≈Ò≈ Ȫ¡ “‘∞√ÀÈ” ñ «¬’ Óπ√ÒÓ≈È∆ Ȫ¡ ‘∆ ‘À Â∂ «Í¤Ò∂ Â∆‘ √≈Òª «Ú⁄, ¡Ó∆’≈ «Ú⁄, «‹ÂÈ≈ ÎÀÒ≈¡ «¬√Ò≈Ó Á≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ ‘À, ¿∞‘ «’√∂ Ú∆ ‘Ø ËÓ Á≈ È‘∆∫ ‘Ø«¬¡≈Õ ÏÂ≈È∆¡≈ Â∂ ͺ¤Ó∆ Ô»Í Á∂ ’¬∆ ÓπÒ’ª «Ú⁄ ÈÚ∆∫

’Á∂ ‘ج∂, ¿∞√ ËÓ ˘ ’Ï»Ò ’ «Ò¡≈ ’Á∂ √ÈÕ ÏπºË ËÓ Á≈ Â∂ «¬√≈¬∆ Ӻ Á≈

Óπ√ÒÓ≈È∆ ¡≈Ï≈Á∆ ”⁄ Ï‘∞ Ú≈Ë≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ ‘À Â∂ ÓπÓ’È ‘À «’ ’∞fi ÒØ’ª ˘ «¬‘

ÎÀÒ≈¡, «¬√ „≥◊ È≈Ò ‘∆ ‘Ø«¬¡≈Õ ‹∂ «√º÷ «¬«Â‘≈√ «Ú⁄, ◊∞» Â∂◊ Ï‘≈Á √≈«‘Ï

ÂÏÁ∆Ò∆ ⁄≥◊∆ È‘∆∫ Ò◊Á∆ Â∂ ¿∞‘ Ó«‘√»√ ’Á∂ ‘È «’ Úæ‚∆ «◊‰Â∆ «Ú⁄ ÈÚ∂∫

Á∆ Ù‘≈Á ÚæÒ È˜ Ó≈∆¬∂ ª «¬√ ÂºÊ Á∆ Â√Á∆’ «ÓÒÁ∆ ‘ÀÕ ¿∞È∑ª È∂ ÓπˆÒ

ÒØ’ª Á∂ ¡≈¿∞‰ È≈Ò ¿∞È∑ª Á∂ √«Ì¡≈⁄≈, ‹∆ÚÈ ÓÔ≈Á≈ ‹ª √Óª «Ú≈‹ª ”⁄,

‘∞’Ó≈Ȫ ˘ «¬‘∆ √πÈ∂‘≈ ÿº«Ò¡≈ √∆ «’ ‹∂ ’ÙÓ∆ Á∂ Í≥‚ª ‹ª Ë≈«Ó’ ⁄ΩË∆¡ª

¿∞È∑ª Á∆ Ó˜∆ Á∂ «ıÒ≈¯, ÏÁÒ≈¡ ¡≈Ú∂◊≈Õ ¯zª√ Â∂ ‘≈ÒÀ∫‚ «Ú⁄ «¬√ ‚ Á≈

ÚæÒØ∫ ’Ï»«Ò¡≈ Ë≈«Ó’ ¡≈◊» Ô≈È∆ «’ ◊∞» Â∂◊ Ï‘≈Á √≈«‘Ï, «¬√Ò≈Ó ’Ï»Ò

Íz◊‡≈Ú≈, «‘≥√’ „≥◊ È≈Ò Ú∆ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ ‘ÀÕ Áº«√¡≈ ‹ªÁ≈ ‘À «’ ¯zª√ Á∆ ≈‹Ë≈È∆

’È Ò¬∆ ˜≈Ó≥Á ‘Ø ‹≈‰◊∂ ª ’ÙÓ∆ Á∂ √≈∂ ÒØ’, «ÏÈ≈ Ø’ ‡Ø’, ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈◊»

ÍÀ«√ Á∂ ’∞fi «‘æ«√¡ª «Ú⁄ ÈÚ∆∫ Óπ√ÒÓ≈È∆ ¡≈Ï≈Á∆ «¬ÂÈ∆ √≥ÿ‰∆ ‘Ø ⁄πæ’∆ ‘À «’


Parivartan December 2013


Íπ≈‰≈ Ô»Í∆¡È Òº«Ì¡ª È‘∆∫ ÒºÌÁ≈Õ ’∞ÁÂ∆ ‘À «’ ¬∂‘Ø «‹‘∂ √Ó≈«‹’ ÏÁÒ≈¡

Íπº·∂ ‹ª ◊Ò √Â∂ Â∞ ÍÀ∫Á≈ ‘ÀÕ Â∂ ÓΩ‹»Á≈ ˜Ó≈È∂ Á∆ Â∂‹ ¯Â≈ ’≈È, ¡≈͉∂

¿∞Í ’∞fi ÍzÂ∆’Ó ‘ØÚ∂◊≈ Í ¡≈√ ’È∆ ⁄≈‘∆Á∆ ‘À «’ ¡≥ «Ú⁄ ÓÈ∞º÷∆ √ÁÌ≈ÚÈ≈

¡≈Í ˘ Ø’ ’∂, ≈‘ ÏÁÒÈ≈ Ï‘∞ ¡Ω÷≈ ‘Ø ‹ªÁ≈ ‘ÀÕ

‹∂± ‘ØÚ∂◊∆Õ

ÍÚ≈, √Ó≈‹ Á∆ √Ì ÂØ∫ ˜»∆ «¬’≈¬∆ ‘∞≥Á∆ ‘ÀÕ ¡æ‹ «√º÷ √Ó≈‹ «Ú⁄ ÁΩÛ Ò◊∆

ÁπÈ∆¡≈Ú∆ ͺË Â∂, «¬√ ÏÁÒ∂ ‘ج∂ √Ó≈«‹’ Ó≈‘ΩÒ ˘ «Ë¡≈È ”⁄ ÷Á∂ ‘ج∂, ◊∞±

‘ج∆ ‘À «’ «’‘Û≈ ¡≈͉≈ «Ú√≈ ◊º’ ’ ’∂ ¡≈Ê’ ÷∂Â «Ú⁄ ¡º◊∂ Òßÿ ‹ªÁ≈

√≈«‘Ï Á∂ ÎπÓ≈È, “≈‹ «ÏȪ Ȫ ËÓ ⁄Ò∂ ‘À”, «¬’ Úº÷∆ ØÙÈ∆ ”⁄ Á∂÷‰ Â∂

‘ÀÕ ÍÛ∑≈¬∆ «Ò÷≈¬∆ Á∂ Ï‘≈È∂, ’Áª ’∆Óª Á≈ ◊Ò ÿ∞«‡¡≈ ‹≈ «‘≈ ‘À; ÚÍ≈’

√Ófi‰ Á∆ ÒØÛ ‘ÀÕ ¡æ‹ ◊∞» Á∂ «√º÷, ÁπÈ∆¡≈ Á∂ Â’∆ÏÈ ‘ ÓπÒ’ «Ú⁄ ÓΩ‹»Á È∂Õ

Âº’∆ Ò¬∆, «¬÷Ò≈’ Ú∂«⁄¡≈ ‹≈ «‘≈ ‘À; «√¡≈√∆ ¯≈«¬Á∂ Ò¬∆, ËÓ ˘ È∆Ò≈Ó

’∆ ÓπÓ’È ‘À «’ ‘ ÓπÒ’ «Ú⁄ ‹ª Ï‘∞ √≈∂ ÓπÒ’ª «Ú⁄ “«√º÷ ≈‹” ’≈«¬Ó ’∆Â≈

’∆Â≈ ‹≈ «‘≈ ‘À; ¡Â∂ ⁄≥◊≈ «Áº√‰ Â∂ √Ófi∂ ‹≈‰ Ò¬∆, ’Áª ’∆Óª Â∂ Ú’≈ ˘

‹≈ √’∂? ’∆ «√º÷∆ ˘ √πº«÷¡Â º÷‰ Ò¬∆ «¬‘ ˜»∆ ‘À? ’∆ «¬≥‹ ’ ÒÀ‰ È≈Ò,

Ù∂∑-¡≈Ó ’∞⁄«Ò¡≈ ‹≈ «‘≈ ‘ÀÕ «’√∂ Á∆ ¡’Ò ‹ª √»fi-Ï»fi, Â’Û∆ Â∂ ÷ ’∂ ÂØÒ∆

«√º÷∆ √πº«÷¡Â ‘ØÚ∂◊∆? È‘∆∫! ÁπÈ∆¡≈ «Ú⁄ EG «¬√Ò≈Ó∆ ÓπÒ’ È∂, Í «Î Ú∆

È‘∆∫ ‹≈ √’Á∆, Í Í≈‡∆ «Ú⁄ «’ÂÈ∂ Ó«‘Ó≈È ¡≈¬∂, «◊‰∂ ‹≈ √’Á∂ ‘È; Óæπ÷-

¡Ó∆’≈, ÏÂ≈È∆¡≈, ¯zª√, ‘≈ÒÀ∫‚ Â∂ ‘Ø ÓπÒ’ª «Ú⁄ Óπ√ÒÓ≈È ¡≈Ï≈Á∆ Ó«‘√»√

Ó≥Â∆ ‹ª ¿∞È∑ª Á∂ √≈«‘Ϙ≈Á∂ ¡≈¬∂ ‹ª È‘∆∫ ¡≈¬∂, ¡ıÏ≈ª ÍÛ∑ ’∂ ÍÂ≈ Ò≈«¬¡≈

’Á∆ ‘À «’ ¿∞È∑ª È≈Ò Ëº’≈ ‘∞≥Á≈ ‘À, ¿∞È∑ª Á∆¡ª Ë≈«Ó’ ¡≈˜≈Á∆¡ª ¿∞Í

‹≈ √’Á≈ ‘À; «’‘Û∆-«’‘Û∆ ‹ª «’ÂÈ∆ Ù≈Ï ØÛ∑∆ ◊¬∆, ¡≥Á≈˜≈ Ò≈«¬¡≈ ‹≈

Í≈Ï≥Á∆¡ª Òº◊∆¡ª ‘ج∆¡ª ‘È, Ú◊À≈...Ú◊À≈Õ ‹∂ EG «¬√Ò≈Ó∆ ÓπÒ’ ‘∞≥Á∂ ‘ج∂ Ú∆

√’Á≈ ‘À; Â∂ «¬È∑ª ͺ÷ª ”⁄ Í≥‹≈Ï Á∂ ‹º‡ ÍÚ≈ª Á∆ ’ج∆ Ú∆ Â∆Ú∆∫ «’√∂ ÂØ∫ «Íº¤∂

«¬√Ò≈Ó Á∂ Ë≈È∆¡ª ˘ Ë≈«Ó’ «ÚÂ’∂ ‹ª ¡Ω«÷¡≈¬∆¡ª Á≈ √≈‘Ó‰≈ ’È≈

«‘‰ Ò¬∆ «Â¡≈ È‘∆∫ Ì≈Ú∂∫ ‹ºÁ∆ ‹≈«¬Á≈Á Á≈¡ Â∂ Ò◊ ‹≈Ú∂Õ

ÍÀ∫Á≈ ‘À ª √ͺه ‘À «’ ’ج∆ ‘Ø Ș∆¡≈ ¡Í‰≈¿π‰≈ Ú≈‹Ï ‘ØÚ∂◊≈Õ

«¬È∑ª Íz⁄Ò √Ó≈«‹’ Ú≈«¬Âª Á∂ ’∆ «√º‡∂ «È’Ò‰◊∂, √«‘‹∂ ‘∆ ¡≥Á≈˜≈

Ô‘»Á∆ ÒØ’ª È∂ «ÂßÈ-‘˜≈ √≈Ò ‹◊∑≈ ‹◊∑≈ ˺’∂ ÷≈ ÷≈ ’∂, Ï◊À ’ج∆ ‹≥◊ ÒÛ∂,

Ò≈«¬¡≈ ‹≈ √’Á≈ ‘ÀÕ ÁΩÒÂ, ÷⁄∂ Ï◊À ÚºË È‘∆∫ √’Á∆, Í ◊Ò ÷⁄∂ ’È

¡≈͉≈ ’ΩÓ∆ ÿ ‘≈√Ò ’∆Â≈Õ ‹∂ ¡æ‹ ÓºË-Í»Ï «Ú⁄ ¡ÓÈ È‘∆∫ ª «¬√Á∂

È≈Ò Òº÷ª Á∂ ’º÷ ω«Á¡ª Á∂ È‘∆∫ Ò◊Á∆Õ ‹∂ «’√∂ È∂ ’ج∆ √È¡Â ‹ª ÚÍ≈ Ù∞»

’≈È, «√¡≈√∆ ‹ª ≈‹√∆ È∂, Ȫ «’ Ë≈«Ó’Õ Ô‘»Á∆ ËÓ ˘ ’ج∆ ÷Â≈ È‘∆∫Õ

’È Ò¬∆ Ó≈«¬¡≈ Ò≈¬∆ ‘À ª ¡≈√ ’∆Â∆ ‹≈ √’Á∆ ‘À «’ ¡æ‹ È‘∆∫ ª ’æÒ∑, ’∞fi

ÁπÈ∆¡≈ Ì «Ú⁄, Ô‘»Á∆¡ª Á∆ «◊‰Â∆, «√º÷ª Á∂ Óπ’≈ÏÒ∂, ¡ºË∆ ÂØ∫ Ï‘∞Â≈ ÚºË

Ȫ ’∞fi Ú≈Ë≈ ‘ØÚ∂◊≈Õ Í, ‹∂ ¿∞‘∆ Ó≈«¬¡≈, ¡≈͉∆ ϺÒ∂-ϺÒ∂ ’≈¿∞‰ ÷≈Â,

È‘∆∫Õ «√º÷ ¡≈͉∆ Ó˜∆ È≈Ò, ÁπÈ∆¡≈ Á∂ Ï‘∞ √≈∂ ÓπÒ’ª ”⁄ ‹≈ Ú√∂ È∂, ¿∞È∑ª

Í≈‡∆¡ª, «¬Ù«Â‘≈ª, „ØÒ-„Óº«’¡ª, ’æÍ«Û¡ª ‹ª ’≈ª ¿∞Í ı⁄∆ ‹ªÁ∆ ‘À,

˘ Í≥‹≈Ï ”⁄Ø∫ ’º«„¡≈ È‘∆∫ «◊¡≈Õ Ï‘∞ ں‚≈ ¯’ «¬‘ ‘À «’ Ì≈Ú∂∫ Ô‘»Á∆¡ª ˘

ª «’√∂ Ú≈Ë∂ ‹ª ÓπÈ≈¯∂ Á∆ ¡≈√ ’È∆ Ï∂Ú’»¯∆ ‘ØÚ∂◊∆Õ ‹∂ ¡≈Ò∂ Áπ¡≈Ò∂ Ș Ó≈∆

¿∞È∑ª Á∂ ÿØ∫, ˺’∂ È≈Ò ’º«„¡≈ «◊¡≈ √∆, ¿∞È∑ª ˘ ÿ-ÿ≈‡, ˜Ó∆È-‹≈«¬Á≈Á

‹≈¬∂ ª Í≥‹≈Ï «Ú⁄ ‹ª Í≥‹≈Ï∆ Ì≈¬∆⁄≈∂ «Ú⁄, ÎØ’∆ ϺÒ∂-ϺÒ∂ ’≈¿∞‰ Á∆ ÷≈‘Ù

Ó‹Ï»È ¤º‚‰∂ ͬ∂ √∆; Í ¿∞È∑ª È∂ ¡≈͉≈ ËÓ, √«Ì¡≈⁄≈, ÏØÒ∆ Â∂ «‘Â-

«¬ÂÈ≈ ˜Ø ÎÛ ⁄πº’∆ ‘À «’ ‘Ø «’√∂ ◊Ò Á≈ «¯’ ‹ª ¡«‘√≈√ ‘∆ È‘∆∫Õ

ÓÔ≈Á≈, ’Á∂ Ú∆ È‘∆∫ ¤º‚∆Õ

¬∂‘Ø «‹‘∂ Ó≈‘ΩÒ «Ú⁄, ¡’Ò, ¡√»Ò, ’Áª-’∆Óª, ËÓ ‹ª «‘Â-ÓÔ≈Á≈

«¬√Á∂ «ÏÒ’∞Ò ¿∞Ò‡, «√º÷ª ˘ ¿∞È∑ª Á∂ ÿØ∫, ˺’∂ È≈Ò È‘∆∫ ’º«„¡≈ «◊¡≈, ¿∞‘

Á∆ ◊æÒ ’È∆, Â’∆ÏÈ È≈ÓπÓ’È ‘Ø ‹ªÁ∆ ‘ÀÕ «‹‘Û∆ √π¡≈‰∆ Á∆ Í«‘Ò∆ ÷≈‘Ù

¡≈͉∆ Ó˜∆ È≈Ò ÿØ∫ Ï≈‘ ◊¬∂; Í ¿∞È∑ª È∂ ¡≈͉≈ ËÓ, √«Ì¡≈⁄≈, ÏØÒ∆ Â∂

«¬‘ ‘ØÚ∂ «’ ¡◊Ò∆ Í≈‡∆ «Ú⁄ ¿∞‘ √Ì ÂØ∫ ÈÚ∂∫ ¯ÀÙÈ ‹ª «‚˜≈¬∆È Á∂ «ÒÏ≈√

«‘Â-ÓÔ≈Á≈ ˘ «Â¡≈◊‰ ”⁄ ’ج∆ «„ºÒ∑ È‘∆∫ Ò≈¬∆Õ

Í«‘ȉ Ú≈Ò∆ Í«‘Ò∆ ¡Ω ‘ØÚ∂, ª ¿∞√ ’ØÒ √Ø⁄‰ Á∆ «Ú‘Ò ‘∆ È‘∆∫ «‘≥Á∆ «’,

«Èº’∂ ‘∞≥«Á¡ª, √π‰Á∂ √ª «’ Í≥‹≈Ï Á∂ «√º÷ ◊æÌ», ÿØ∫ √≈Ï √» Â∞Á∂ È∂ Í

’∆ Á∂÷‰ Ú≈«Ò¡ª ‹ª ÂÓ≈ÙÏ∆È ÒØ’ª ˘ ÍzÌ≈Ú ’È Ò¬∆ ÿ λ’‰≈ ˜»∆ ‹ª

«ÁºÒ∆˙∫, «¬≥◊ÒÀ∫‚ Ò¬∆ ‹‘≈˜ ⁄Û∑È ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª, ’∂√ ’ÂÒ ’Ú≈ ÒÀ∫Á∂ È∂Õ ’∆ «¬‘

‹≈«¬˜ ‘À? ÓπÓ’È ‘À «’ «¯ÒÓª Á∆¡ª ‘∆Ø«¬Èª ‹ª ¡Á≈’≈ª Ò¬∆ «¬‘ ˜»∆

Ó‹Ï»∆ √∆ ‹ª ¡≈͉∆ Ë≈«Ó’ ‹ª √Ó≈«‹’ «‘Â-ÓÔ≈Á≈ ÂØ∫ ȯÂ?

‘ØÚ∂, Í ‘Øª Ò¬∆, «¬‘ «ÏÒ’∞Ò ¯≈Ò± ÷⁄ ‘ÀÕ ‘∞‰, ‹∂ «¬’ Óª, «¬√ ≈‘∂ Â∞

⁄∂Â≈ ¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ ‘À, ’∞fi √≈Ò Í«‘Òª, Ì≈ «Ú⁄, «¬’ Ï‘∞ «√¡≈‰∂, ◊∞«√º÷,

ÍÚ∂ ª ¿∞‘ ¡≈͉∂ Ϻ«⁄¡ª ˘ ÒØ’ª Á∆¡ª ∆√ª ”⁄ Ó≈«¬¡≈ ¿π‹≈ÛÈ ÂØ∫ «’Ú∂∫

Ϙ∞◊ Ì≈¬∆ √≈«‘Ï È≈Ò ◊æÒ-Ï≈ ’È Á≈ ÓΩ’≈ «Ó«Ò¡≈Õ ¿∞È∑ª È∂ «¬’ Ï‘∞Â

Ø’∂◊∆? ¡Â∂ «‹‘Û∂ ÿ «Ú⁄, Óπ’≈ÏÒ≈ Ù∞» ‘Ø ‹≈Ú∂ Ϭ∆ ’Ω‰, ‘Øª È≈ÒØ∫ Í«‘Òª

√πÒfi∆ ‘ج∆ Í Ï‘∞ ’ΩÛ∆ ◊æÒ ’‘∆Õ ¿∞È∑ª È∂ «’‘≈ «’ «√º÷, ¡≈Ê’, ÍÁ≈Ê’ ‹ª

ÈÚ∂∫ ¯ÀÙÈ ¡Í‰≈Ú∂◊≈, ª ¿∞√ ÿ «Ú⁄ √ÓØ-«Ú≈˜ª Á∆¡ª, «Ú√∂ Á∆¡ª,

«√¡≈√∆ Í«‘Ò»¡ª ”⁄ ˜» ¡º◊∂ ÚËÁ∂

Úº«‚¡ª Á∂ ¡≈Á √«Â’≈ Á∆¡ª, ¡≈÷≈ Ó≥ȉ Á∆¡ª, ◊∞» √≈«‘Ï≈È Â∂ Ù‘∆Áª Á∂

Ș ¡≈¿∞ ‰ ◊∂ Í √Ó≈«‹’,

Í»«È¡ª ”Â∂ ⁄ºÒ‰ Á∆¡ª ◊ºÒª «ÏÒ’∞Ò È‘∆∫ ‘Ø √’Á∆¡ªÕ

«¬÷Ò≈’∆, ¡«Ë¡≈ÂÓ’ Â∂ «Ú«Á¡’

Óßȉ≈ ÍÚ∂◊≈ «’ ¡æ‹ «√º÷ ‘∆ ¡≈͉∆ ÏØÒ∆, ¡≈͉∂ ËÓ, «Ú√∂ Â∂ «‘Â-

Í«‘Ò»¡ª ”⁄ «¬È∑ª Á≈ ÍÂÈ «ÈÙ⁄Â

ÓÔ≈Á≈ Á≈ ◊Ò ÿ∞‡ ‘∂ ‘È Èª «’ ’ج∆ Ï≈‘Ò∂ ‘∞’Ó≈È ‹ª Ë≈ÛÚ∆Õ ‹Ø AIHD

‘ÀÕ ¿∞È∑ª Á∂ ‹Ï∂ ‹ª ÷Ø‹ ÓπÂ≈Ï’,

«Ú⁄ √’≈ È∂ Â∂ ¯Ω‹ª È∂, «√º÷ ËÓ ¡√Ê≈Ȫ, «√º÷ª Â∂ «√º÷∆ È≈Ò ’∆Â≈, Ï‘∞Â

«¬√Á∆ Ú‹∑≈ «¬‘ ‘À «’ «√º÷ ÿª «Ú⁄

Úº‚≈ ◊∞È≈‘ √∆, ˺’≈ √∆, Ȫ-Óπ¡≈¯ ’È Ú≈Ò≈ ‹∞Ó √∆; Í, ÏØÒ∆, ËÓ, «Ú√∂

‹È≈È∆¡ª, Ó≈Úª, Ë∆¡ª, ÌÀ ‰ ª,

Â∂ ÓÔ≈Á≈ ˘ «Â¡≈◊‰ Á≈ ÿØ ‹∞Ó ‹Ø ¡√∆∫ «È «ÁÈ ’Á∂ ¡≈ ‘∂ ‘ª, ’∆ «¬‘

¡≈͉∆¡ª «˜≥Ó∂Ú≈∆¡ª Ì∞Ò≈ ÏÀ·∆¡ª ‘È

’≈ÏÒ∂-Óπ¡≈¯∆ ‘À? Ù≈«¬Á, «¬‘ ¡Â’ÊÈ∆ È‘∆∫ ‘ØÚ∂◊∆ «’ «√º÷∆, «√º÷ ËÓ ‹ª

Â∂ ¿∞È∑ª ˘ «√º÷∆ Á∂ ¡√»Òª, ÍÚ≈ ˘

√≥√’≈ª Á≈ «¬ÂÈ≈ È∞’√≈È Óπ◊Òª Ú∂Ò∂ È‘∆∫ ‘Ø«¬¡≈, «‹ÂÈ≈ ¡√∆∫ ¡≈Í, ‘º√Á∂

√≥Ì≈Ò‰, ¡≈⁄‰ ÏÈ≈¿∞‰ ‹ª √Ó≈‹’

÷∂‚Á∂ ‘ج∂, Ù≈Ϫ, ‚º◊ª Á∂ ˜Ø Â∂, ÷πÙ∆¡ª ÓÈ≈¿∞∫Á∂ ‘ج∂, «È «ÁÈ ’ ‘∂ ‘ªÕ

«˜ßÓ∂Ú≈∆ √≥Ì≈Ò‰ ”⁄ ’ج∆ «ÁÒ⁄√Í∆

ËÓ Â∂ «¬÷Ò≈’ Á∂ «¬√ ÍÂÈ Ò¬∆ ¡√∆∫ «’‘Û∆ «¬≥Á≈ ◊ªË∆ ‹ª «’‘Û∂ ÓπˆÒ

È‘∆∫Õ «¬«Â‘≈√’ ÂΩ Â∂, Ï∆Ï∆¡ª, √≈‚∂

Ë≈ÛÚ∆ ˘ «˜≥Ó∂Ú≈ ·«‘≈Úª◊∂? «√¡≈‰∂ ’«‘≥Á∂ È∂ Ϭ∆ «’√∂ Ú∆ «ÏÓ≈∆ Á≈ «¬Ò≈‹

√Ó≈‹ «Ú⁄ Ï‘∞ ں‚≈ ØÒ ¡Á≈ ’Á∆¡ª

’È ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª, ˜»∆ ‘À «’ ¡√∆∫ ¿∞√ «ÏÓ≈∆ ˘ Ó≥È∆¬∂ Â∂ √Ófi∆¬∂Õ ’∆ ¡√∆∫ ¡≈͉∂

‘∆¡ª È∂Õ ¿∞È∑ª Á∂ ¿∞µÁÓ È≈Ò ‘∆, «√º÷∆

ÚÒØ∫ ÍÀÁ≈ ’∆Â∆ ‘ج∆ «¬÷Ò≈’∆ ‹ª Ë≈«Ó’ ÍÂÈ Á∆ «ÏÓ≈∆ ˘ Ó≥ȉ Â∂ «¬√Á≈

ÍzÎÒ ∞º  ‘∞Á ≥ ∆ ‘∆ ‘À Â∂ ’Áª ’∆Óª ”⁄ «È÷≈

«¬Ò≈‹ ’È Ò¬∆ «Â¡≈ ‘ª? ¡≈͉∂ ‘∆ ÓÈ ÂØ∫ ‹Ú≈Ï Íπº¤‰ Á∆ ÒØÛ ‘ÀÕ ‹∂ ¡æ‹,

¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ «‘≈ ‘ÀÕ Ì≈Ú∂∫ ÿª «Ú⁄

¡≈͉∂ ËÓ ˘ √≥Ì≈Ò‰, Ï⁄≈¿∞‰ ‹ª Ízκ∞Ò ’È Ò¬∆ «’√∂ Ú∆ ‹◊∑≈ ¡≈͉≈

¿∞È∑ª Á≈ ÏØÒÏ≈Ò≈ ¡‹∂ Ú∆ ’≈«¬Ó

≈‹ ’≈«¬Ó ’È Á∆ ÒØÛ ‘À, ª ¿∞‘ ‹◊∑≈ ‘À, √≈‚≈ ¡≈͉≈ ÓÈÕ «¬≥‹ ’È Ò¬∆,

‘À, Í ‹∂ √∂Ë ‹ª «ÈÙ≈È≈ ‘∆

«’√∂ ÂØ∫ «¬‹≈˜Â ÒÀ‰ Á∆ ÒØÛ È‘∆∫ Â∂ Ȫ ‘∆ √≈˘ «¬≥‹ ’È ÂØ∫ ’ج∆ Ø’ √’Á≈ ‘ÀÕ

·∆’ È‘∆∫, ª √≈≈ ÍÚ≈ ‘∆

Í ’∆, ¡√∆∫ «¬‘ ’È Ò¬∆ «Â¡≈ ‘ª?

‹√Ï∆ «√ßÿ

26th December commemorates the Shaheedi divas (martyrdom day) of the younger Sahibzaadey (princes of Guru Gobind Singh jee), Baba Zoravar Singh (aged 7) and Baba Fateh Singh (aged 5), and the elderly mother of Guru Jee, Mata Gujjar Kaur Jee. In tribute to their shaheedi, a brief summary of the events leading up to their shaheedi and the great souls that risked their lives in doing their seva (service) is below. Dhan Guru, Dhan Guru Ke Pyaare. A BRIEF SUMMARY OF SAKA SIRHIND AND THE SUPREME SACRIFICE OF THE YOUNG SAHIBZAADEY Evacuation of Sri Anandpur Sahib On the night of 5-6 December 1705, Guru Gobind Singh jee and all the Sikhs had to evacuate the Fort of Anandpur Sahib after the Mughals and Hindu hill kings made false oaths stating that they would not attack the Sikhs. During the evacuation Mata Gujri Kaur jee, who had been caring for the younger two Sahibzaadey (princes), escorted them to the River Sirsa. While crossing the River Sarsa on a mule, in the darkness of the night and rush, Mata Gujjar Kaur jee and the two younger Sahibzaadey were separated from Guru Gobind Singh jee and the rest of the family. Crossing River Sirsa After crossing the River Sirsa, Mata Gujjar Kaur jee and youngest Sahibzaadey spent a night in the hut of Bhai Kumma jee Maashki (boatman), known also as Kareema Mallaah. He used to be a Hindu and was known by the name Karma Jheevar. He was forcibly converted to Islam, but still practised Hindu religious rites. Mata jee's mule had carried some important articles and ornaments. The Sikh accompanying them got separated from them due to floods and bad weather during darkness of night. Mata Gujjar Kaur jee stayed in his hut for two days. A Brahmin lady by the name of Bibi Lakshmi jee looked after them serving food and shelter. Meeting Gangu During this time Gangu Brahmin met them. Gangu used to be devotee of the Guru's House for 16 years. According to Principal Satbir Singh he was called "Gangu Rasoeeyaa" because he had a bad temper and was always irritated. A rasoyee (kitchen) is always hot when food is cooked. Since Gangu was always in bad mood, some started calling him Gangu Rasoee i.e. Gangu the kitchen. From this some historians misinterpreted that he was a Rasoeeyaa (cook) in the Guru's House. Gangu escorted Mata jee and the Sahibzaadey to his own house in the village of Kheri, now known as Saheri, near Morinda in present day Ropardistrict. While unsaddling the horse he saw that there was some gold coins in the saddlebag of Mata Gujri Kaur Ji. This tempted him to treachery and turning his back to Guru Sahib. He not only stole the saddlebag during the night, but also planned to betray the fugitives to the government in hope of a reward. Arrest & Detention On the morning of 7th December 1705, the day of the fateful battle of Chamkaur Sahib, Baba Zorawar Singh jee, along with Baba Fateh Singh jee and their grandmother, were taken into custody by Jani Khan and Mani Khan Ranghar, the police official of Morinda. They were despatched on the following day to Sirhind where they were detained and kept in in the Cold Tower (Thandda Burj) of the Fort. Mata jee and the Sahibzaadey stayed in the top of the Cold Tower, where there were no four walls to guard them from the winter cold and chill of December. The young children had no extra clothes or blankets to protect them from the winter chill, other than the warmth of listening to Gurbaani and the huddling around their beloved grandmother. Meeting Bhai Moti Raam jee One of Wazir Khan's kitchen staff was a Hindu man called Bhai Moti Raam 'Mehra' who was from Jheevar (waterman) family. His family had respect and devotion for Guru jee. Many Sikh travellers on their way to Anandpur Sahib used to take rest in his small hut. The Daroga (police

chief) asked Bhai Moti Raam jee to serve food the prisoners. Bhai Moti Raam jee paid his respects to Mata jee and the Sahibzaadey and explained he had brought them food. Mata jee refused to eat the food.

tion to convert. Punished


Death Baba


He fell at his feet and explained who he was. Mata jee calmly

Singh jee and his

explained that she would not eat the food from the kitchen of evil

brother spent another

people. The Daroga was informed and instead food was brought

two days of the severe

from the house of Sucha Nand (the Hindu courtier who hated Guru

winter in their old


grandmother's lap in

Mata jee refused the food again. The Nawab became angry and

the Cold Tower.

gave orders that no one should co-operate with these prisoners

Still adamant to

and anyone helping them from now would be severely punished.

live and die for the

Bhai Moti Raam jee discussed with his family that he would risk

Sikh faith and to never

his life to ensure that Guru jee's elderly mother and children do not

turn their back to Guru


Sahib, on 11th De-

The price of giving milk


Bhai Moti Raam jee milked his cow he had at home and filled a

'fatwa', religious edict,

bowl and brought it to drink for Mata jee and the Sahibzaadey.

was issued for the

Knowing that their would be high security around the Thandaa

Sahibzaadey to be

Burj he took whatever silver coins were available in his house in to

bricked and sealed

his pocket to pay the guards.

alive in a wall.



He assured Mata jee that as a sincere devotee of Guru jee he

According to Gur

had brought the milk from his own home and from his own in-

Bilaas Bhai Mani

come. Mata jee and the Sahibzaadey happily drank the milk and

Singh, one of the old-

thanked him for his seva (selfless service).

est written records,

This seva continued for number of days. Mata ji was so de-

Baba Zorawar Singh

lighted, that she showered blessings on him. After the Sahibzaadey

jee and Baba Fateh

were martyred, another worker called Pamma found out about


Bhai Moti Raam jee's seva and reported it to Divaan Such Nand.

bricked alive, tortured



Bhai Sahib was brought before Nawaab Wazir Khan and he

by having their liga-

was asked if he had served milk to Mata jee and the Sahibzaady.

ments cut where it

With high spirits, fearlessness and sincerity he replied, "I have

came in the way of the

nothing to hide. Yes! I have served milk to them. I have done no

wall, and then suffo-

crime in feeding hungry people."

cated in the sealed

Bhai Moti Raam jee and his whole family (elderly mother, wife -


Bibi Bholee jee, and baby son) were given the punishment of be-

The aged Mata

ing crushed in in Kohlu (a wooden mill used to extract oil from

Gujjar Kaur jee who

seeds). (Note: this was time after the Sahibzaadey attained

had all along been


kept in the Cold Tower,

Presented in Court

only a little distance

On 9th December 1705, Baba Zorawar Singh jee and Baba

away, breathed her

Fateh Singh jee were produced before the faujdaar, Nawaab Wazir

last while joined in the

Khan, who had just returned from Chamkaur Sahib with his feudal


ally, Nawab Sher Muhammad Khan of Malerkotla.

brance) of Waheguru,

Wazir Khan tried to lure the Sahibzaadey to embrace Islam with promises of riches and honours, but they spurned the suggestion. He then threatened them with death, but they remained undaunted. Death sentence was finally pronounced. Upon Sher Muhammad


as the news reached her ears. Sacrifice


Seva of Divaan Todar Mal jee

Khan's intercession for the innocent children to be spared their

Seth Todar Mal jee,

lives, they were given some more time to ponder over the sugges-

a wealthy merchant of

of the three dead bodies

Guru Gobind Singh & 4 Sahibzade Poem

of the great shaheeds

Poem depicts when Guru Gobind Singh

(martrys) the following

is measuring the 4 Sahibzade... and Mata

day. With Mata Gujjar Kaur

Gujri questions what he is doing... This is

jee and the Sahibzaadey

how Guru Gobind Singh responds :

Sirhind, risked his life by seeking permission for performing the cremation

(aged 5 and 7) shaheed

chati ajit di tan napaan

(martyred) the despicable

kiniya goliyan gawa sakda

Mughal authorities re-

tayion jism jujhar da jachda haan

fused their funeral rites on

kine phatt veriyan de kha sakda

government land, it was

jorawar di dhon nu tan napan

decreed that there funeral

kina teghan nu khundiyan bana sakda

rites could only be per-

fateh singh de jism nu tan naapan

formed on land bought

kinna ittan vich appa chinwa sakda

from Chaudhari Atta. Not

komal singh komal

only this, but the land could only be bought by laying gold coins (ashrifs) on the required area, vertically. Bhai Todar Mall jee did not shun his responsibility and laid down the required coins and made arrangements for the cremations and paid the heavy sum of 78,000 gold coins. His wife gave all her jewellery and ornaments to be sold for the cause. Maybe he had to also beg and borrow to raise the total amount, who knows, but the fact remains this was truly a noble deed. Bhai Todar Mal jee and his wife forsaked everything for his love of Guru jee, which is the reason why Sikhs hold Divaan Todar Mal jee in such high esteem. Bhai Todar Mal jee with the help of Bhai Moti Raam jee collected fire wood and cremated the three bodies. Conquering of Sirhind and delivering justice In 1710, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur jee conquered Sirhind and searched punished those responsible for committing atrocities.The murderers of the Sahibzaadey and Bhai Moti Raam jee's family were punished. Sucha Nand was beaten, had a bull's ring put in his nose and made to beg from house to house from the people he had robbed over so many years. He was later killed. Nawaab Wazir Khan was killed and his body was tied to a donkey and dragged across all of the Sirhind. Baba jee also searched for loyal people who tried to help Guru jee and done seva of Mata jee and the Sahibzaade. Bhai Kareem (the boatman), who later took Amrit and became Bhai Karam Singh jee, and Bibi Lakshmi jee (from a Brahmin family) were honoured by the Khalsa and given thanks. In Loving Memory: Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib The site of the fateful happenings, since named Fatehgarh Sahib, close to the old town of Sirhind, is now marked by four Sikh Gurdwara Sahibs. A Jorr-Mela, large religious fair, is held there from 25th to 28th December every year to honour the memory of these great martyrs.

T his set of inspirational thoughts will galvanize you into action. “Freedom, privileges, options, must constantly be exercised, even at the risk of inconvenience.” Jack Vance “You can have everything in life you want, if you will just help other people get what they want.” ZigZiglar “T he number of times I succeed is in direct proportion to the number of times I can fail and keep on trying.” Tom Hopkins “You have everything you need to build something far bigger than yourself.” Seth Godin.


Parivartan December 2013

È≈∆ √ß√≈

¡◊ ¡Ω ‘Ø∫Á «Ú⁄ È≈ ¡≈¿π∫Á∆ ª «¬√ √πßÁ «ÙzÙ‡∆ Á≈ √πÍÈ≈ ÒÀ‰≈ Ï∂’≈ √∆ Â∂ ˛Õ ¡Ω Á∆ Ó±Â∆ ω≈ ’∂ ’πÁ È∂ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈Í ˘ «¬’ √ÚÙz∂√· ÏπÂÿ≈Û≈ ‘؉ Á≈ √ϱ «ÁæÂ≈ ˛Õ «¬√ «√zÙ‡∆ Á∆ ’ÒÍÈ≈ ˘ ‘’∆’ «Ú⁄ ÏÁÒ‰ Á≈ «√‘≈ ’πÁ Á∂ Ï≈Ï ‘∆ ¡Ω Á∂ «√ ‘πßÁ≈ ˛Õ Í«‘Ò∆ ¡Ω ÓÁ ÂØ∫ ÏÀ◊ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈Í ˘ ¡Ë±≈ √ÓfiÁ∆ √∆Õ ¿π‘ ÿ Á∆ ⁄≈ «ÁÚ≈∆ «Ú⁄ ‘∆ ‹ßÓÁ∆ ¡Â∂ ⁄≈ «ÁÚ≈∆ «Ú⁄ ‘∆ ÁÓ ÂØÛ «ÁßÁ∆Õ Í....¡æ‹ Á∆ ¡Ω È∂ «√æË ’ «ÁæÂ≈ ˛ «’ ¡Ω Á≈ Î˜ «√¯ Ïæ⁄∂ ‹ßÓ‰≈ ‘∆ È‘∆∫ ÏÒ«’ ‘Ø Ú∆ ’¬∆ ¡«‹‘∂ ’ßÓ ‘È «‹È∑ª ˘ ’’∂ «¬‘ Ï‘≈Á∆ ¡Â∂ Â∂˜ ÏπæË∆ Á≈ ÍzÓ≈‰ Á∂ √’Á∆ ˛Õ ¡Ω ÓÓÂ≈ ¡Â∂ √«‘‰Ù∆ÒÂ≈ Á∆ ËÂ∆ ˛Õ «¬‘ ¸æÍ⁄≈Í √Ì ’πfi ÏÁ≈Ù ’ ÒÀ∫Á∆ ˛Õ ¡Ω ’Á∂ È‘∆∫ ⁄≈‘ßπÁ∆ «’ «‹È∑ª ‘æʪ È≈Ò ÓÀ∫ «¬‘ Ï≈◊ Ï∆«‹¡≈ ˛, ÂÈ Á≈ Í≈‰∆ Í≈ ’∂ «√ß«‹¡≈ ˛, ¿π√ ˘ ÓÀ∫ ¡≈͉∂ ‘æʪ È≈Ò ‘∆ ÏÏ≈Á ’ªÕ”

¡Ω Ï◊À, «‹Ê∂ ¡√∆∫ «‘ß Á ∂ ‘ª ¿π ‘ Ó’≈È Âª ‘Ø √’Á≈ ˛, «¬’ ÿ È‘∆∫ ωÁ≈Õ ÿ ª ¡Ω ‘∆ ω≈¿π∫‰∆ ˛Õ ÿ Á≈ ÁÚ≈˜≈ ª ¡Ω   Á∆ ‘Ø∫Á È≈Ò ‘∆ ÷πÒ∑Á≈ ˛Õ Ó’≈È Âª ÿ ¿π√ √Ó∂∫ ‘∆ ωÁ≈ ˛ ‹ÁØ∫ «¬√ Á≈ ÍzÏßË ¡Ω Á∂ ‘æʪ «Ú⁄ ¡≈¿π∫Á≈ ˛Õ ¡Ω ÂØ∫ Ï◊À ª ÿ ̱ª Á≈ ‚∂≈ ‘∆ ‘πßÁ≈ ˛Õ «¬√ Ò¬∆ ¡Ω ÿ Á∆ Ù≈È ‘πßÁ∆ ˛Õ ¿π√ ¿πÍ ‘æÊ ¿π·≈¿π‰≈ ‹πÓ ˛Õ ’«‘ßÁ∂ ‘È «’ «¬È√≈È Ì≈Ú∂∫ ’πfi Ú∆ ‘ØÚ∂ Í ˛ ª ¡Ω Á∆ √ßÂ≈È ‘∆Õ

¡‹Ø ’ ∆ ¡Ω   Íz ≈⁄∆È ’≈Ò Á∆ ¡Ω ڪ◊ ÓÁ Á∂ ÍÀª Á∆ ‹æπÂ∆ È‘∆∫ ÏÒ«’ ÓÁ Á∂ «√ Á≈ Â≈‹ ω ’∂ ˜Ó≈È∂ «Ú⁄Ø∫ Á∆ ◊π˜ ‘∆ ˛Õ ¡ÏÒ≈ ¡Ω  ˘ ÍÛ∑È «Ò÷‰, Ì≈Ù‰ Á∂‰, «Ú¡≈‘



ÓÈÓ˜∆ Á∂ ’ßÓ Á∆ ⁄؉ ’È Á∆ ͱ∆ ͱ∆ ¡≈˜≈Á∆ ˛Õ ¡Ω Ҭ∆ «˜ßÁ◊∆ Á∂ «Âß È ¡«‘Ó «È‰∂ ‘È, «Ú«Á¡≈ Á∆ ⁄؉, ‹∆ÚÈ √≈Ê∆ Á∆ ⁄؉ ¡Â∂ «’æÂ∂ Á∆ ⁄؉ ’È∆Õ ¡Ω Úæ‚∂ Úæ‚∂ «Ù∆¡ª, ÓπÈ∆¡ª, √±Ï∆ª, √Ó≈‹ √∂Ú’ª ˘ ‹ÈÓ «ÁßÁ∆ ˛Õ

«’‘≈ ‹ªÁ≈ ˛, “ÓÁ Á∆ ‘ ’≈ÓÔ≈Ï∆ «Ú⁄ ¡Ω Á≈ ‘æÊ ‘πßÁ≈ ˛Õ” ’ج∆ √Óª √∆ ‹Á ¡Ω ¡ÈÍÛ∑ ‘؉ ’’∂ ¡«◊¡≈ÈÂ≈ Á∂ ¸ß◊Ò «Ú⁄ Î√∆ ‘ج∆ √∆Õ Í ¡æ‹ Á∆ ¡Ω ˘ «√æ«÷¡≈ Á∂ √±‹ È∂ «¬’ ÈÚ∆∫ «’È ÍzÁ≈È ’∆Â∆ ˛Õ ¡ÏÒ≈ ¡Ω ¡«Ë¡≈Í’, ‚≈’‡, Í≈«¬Ò‡, «¬ß‹∆È∆¡, ‹æ‹, Ú’∆Ò, √Ó≈‹ √∂Ú’≈ ¡≈«Á ÍÁÚ∆¡ª ”Â∂ «Ï≈‹Ó≈È ˛Õ Í«‘Òª Í«‘Ò ¡Ω ‹ÈÓ ÂØ∫ ÒÀ ’∂ ÓÈ Âæ’ ÓÁ ˘ ¡≈͉≈ √‘≈≈ √ÓfiÁ∆ √∆Õ Ï⁄ÍÈ «Ú⁄ «Í˙, ‹Ú≈È∆ «Ú⁄ Ì≈ ¡Â∂ Ï≈’∆ √≈∆ «˜ßÁ◊∆ Ò¬∆ ¡≈͉∂ ÍÂ∆ ˘ ‘∆ √‘≈≈ √ÓfiÁ∆ √∆Õ Í ¡‹Ø’∆ ¡Ω «¬È∑ª √Ì ÏßËȪ ÂØ∫ Óπ’ ˛Õ ¡Ω Ï◊À, «‹Ê∂ ¡√∆∫ «‘ßÁ∂ ‘ª ¿π‘ Ó’≈È Âª ‘Ø √’Á≈ ˛, «¬’ ÿ È‘∆∫ ωÁ≈Õ ÿ ª ¡Ω ‘∆ ω≈¿π∫‰∆ ˛Õ ÿ Á≈ ÁÚ≈˜≈ ª ¡Ω Á∆ ‘Ø∫Á È≈Ò ‘∆ ÷πÒ∑Á≈ ˛Õ Ó’≈È Âª ÿ ¿π√ √Ó∂∫ ‘∆ ωÁ≈ ˛ ‹ÁØ∫ «¬√ Á≈ ÍzÏßË ¡Ω Á∂ ‘æʪ «Ú⁄ ¡≈¿π∫Á≈ ˛Õ ¡Ω ÂØ∫ Ï◊À ª ÿ ̱ª Á≈ ‚∂≈ ‘∆ ‘πßÁ≈ ˛Õ «¬√ Ò¬∆ ¡Ω ÿ Á∆ Ù≈È ‘πßÁ∆ ˛Õ ¿π√ ¿πÍ ‘æÊ ¿π·≈¿π‰≈ ‹πÓ ˛Õ ’«‘ßÁ∂ ‘È «’ «¬È√≈È Ì≈Ú∂∫ ’πfi Ú∆ ‘ØÚ∂ Í ˛ ª ¡Ω Á∆ √ßÂ≈È ‘∆Õ ¡Ω È∂ ‘∆ Ó‘ªÍπÙª ˘ ‹ÈÓ «ÁæÂ≈ ˛ ¡Â∂ ËÂ∆ ˘ «Ùß◊≈«¡≈ ˛Õ ¡Ω ÷±È ÷≈Ï≈ È‘∆∫ ⁄≈‘ßπÁ∆Õ ¡Ω ‹Á Ú∆ ‘«Ê¡≈ ¸æ’Á∆ ˛ ª ˜πÒÓ ‹Ï Á∂ «÷Ò≈¯ ‘∆ ¸æ’∆ ˛Õ ¡Ω È∂ ‘∆ ÓÁ ˘ «È¡ª Ú≈√Â∂ ÒÛÈ≈ ¡Â∂ ÓÈ≈ Áæ«√¡≈ ˛Õ “‹∂’ «ÚÙÚ Ì «Ú⁄ ‘ Á∂Ù Á∆ Ú≈◊‚Ø ¡Ω Á∂ ‘æʪ «Ú⁄ ‘ØÚ∂ ª “‹ß◊” Ȫ¡ Á≈ ÙÏÁ √Á≈ Ò¬∆ ¡ÒØÍ ‘Ø ‹≈Ú∂◊≈Õ”

◊π± È≈È’ Á∂Ú ‹∆ È∂ Ú∆ ¡Ω ˘ Ó‘≈È Áæ«√¡≈ ˛Õ ¿π‘ √æ⁄ ¡≈÷Á∂ √È, “¡Ω Á∂ ÍÀª «Ú⁄ ‘∆ ‹æÈ ˛Õ ¡Ω (Óª) ÂØ∫ «ÏȪ ª ‘æʪ «Ú⁄Ø∫ ‡πæ’ Ú∆ ’ª ’πæÂ∂ ÷Ø‘ ’∂ ÒÀ ‹ªÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ «¬‘ ͱ‹‰ÔØ◊ ˛Õ ¡’√, ¡√∆∫ ÎÀ√Ò∂ ÒÀ‰ ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª ÁÚßÁ Á∆ √«ÊÂ∆ «Ú⁄Ø∫ Á∆ «È’ÒÁ∂ ‘ªÕ √Óæ«√¡≈ ⁄≈‘∂ ‹«‡Ò ‘ØÚ∂ ‹ª √ÍæÙ‡, Ó‘æÂÚͱÈ ‘ØÚ∂ ‹ª √≈Ë≈È, «È‰≈ ⁄≈‘∂

È≈∆ √ß√≈

Parivartan December 2013


Úæ‚≈ ‘ØÚ∂ ‹ª ¤Ø‡≈,

«¬‘ “’≈” ‹ª “È≈ ’≈”, “‹≈Úª” ‹ª “È≈ ‹≈Úª”Õ “÷≈Úª ‹ª “È≈ ÷≈Úª” «¬‘ “√±‡”



Í≈Úª ‹ª “√≈Û∆”Õ “Ù◊È Á∂Úª” ‹ª “Ȫ Á∂Ú≈” “ÏπÒ≈Ú≈ Á∂Úª” ‹ª “È≈ Á∂Ú≈” ¡≈«Á

Á∂«÷¡≈ ‹≈ √’Á≈

«È‰∂ Áπ«⁄æÂ∆ ¡Â∂ ÂÈ≈¡ ˘ Í∂Ù ’Á∂ ‘ÈÕ ¡«‹‘∆ ¡Ω ‘≈Òª Ú∆ “’ª ‹ª È≈

˛Õ ¡√Ò «Ú⁄

’ª” Á≈ Ï∂√π≈ ≈◊ ¡Ò≈ÍÁ∆ ‘ج∆ Ș ¡≈¿π∫Á∆ ˛Õ

¡Ω   «Ú⁄ «¬‘

«¬‘ ·∆’ ˛ «’ ¡æ‹ Á∂ Ôπæ◊ «Ú⁄ ¡Ω È∂ ÿπ‡È Ì∆ «˜ßÁ◊∆ ÂØ∫ ¿πÁ≈√ ‘Ø ’∂

Ó≈È«√’ ÁπÎ≈Û Á∆

¡≈͉∆ ¡≈˜≈Á∆ ”Â∂ Í«‘⁄≈‰ √Ê≈Í ’È Ò¬∆ ¡≈͉∆ ¡≈Ú≈˜ Ïπ¶Á ’∆Â∆ ˛Õ

Ì≈ÚÈ≈ ÚË∂∂ Á∂÷‰

¡≈͉∂ ÍzßÍ≈◊ ÓπæÒª ˘ ÂØÛÈ Á∆ «ÁÙ≈ «Ú⁄ √ßÿÙ Â∂˜ ’∆Â≈ ˛Õ Ízß± √∆’ ±Í



«Ú⁄ ¡≈˜≈Á ‘؉ Â∂ ÿ Á∆ ⁄≈ «ÁÚ≈∆ ÂØ∫ «È’Ò ’∂ Ï≈‘ ¡≈¿π‰ ”Â∂ Ú∆ ¿π√Á∆

Ï≈˜≈ «Ú⁄ «¬’

Ó≈È«√’ ◊πÒ≈Ó∆ ÷ÂÓ È‘∆∫ ‘ج∆Õ ¡‹∂ Âæ’ ¿π√ ˘ Ï≈‘ ‘Ú≈ «Ú⁄ ÎÀÒ∂ ‘ج∂

√± ‡ ÷∆Á‰ Ò¬∆

ÂÈ≈Úª, ‹«‡ÒÂ≈Úª Â∂ √Óæ«√¡≈Úª È≈Ò ‹±fi‰ Á∆ «‘ßÓ ͱ∆ Â∑ª È‘∆∫ «ÓÒ∆Õ

¿π‘ Áπ’≈ÈÁ≈ Á∂

¡Ω È∂ ‹∂’ ¡≈͉∆ Óß«˜Ò Í≈¿π‰∆ ˛ ª ¿π√ ˘ ’∆ ’ª? ’∆ È≈ ’ª? Á∆

Ê≈Ȫ Á∂ Ê≈È „∂

Óπ‘≈È∆ ¤æ‚ ’∂ ¡≈͉∆ Ó≈È«√’Â≈ ”Â∂ Í≈¬∂ ‹≈Ò∂ Ò≈‘π‰∂ ‘؉◊∂Õ


Ò◊≈ ÒÀ∫Á∆ ˛Õ ¿π‘

Ù≈Ò≈! ¬∂È∆¡ª ÷±Ï∆¡ª Á∂ Ï≈Ú‹±Á Ú∆ ¡Ω ¡‹∂ Âæ’ “¡Ω” È‘∆∫ ω √’∆Õ √π‹∆ «√ßÿ “‘∂‘”

¡≈͉∂ ‹∆ÚÈ √≈Ê∆ ˘ Ú∆ «¬‘ ◊æ Ò

«Èßϱ Á∂ ◊π‰

Óß È ‰ ”Â∂ Әϱ  ’ «ÁßÁ∆ ˛ «’ ‹Ø

ÍÂÒ∂ Á√Â, ¿πÒ‡∆¡ª ‡æ‡∆¡ª ¡Â∂ Í∂‡

’πfi ¿π‘ ’«‘ ‘∆

Á∂ ’¬∆ Ø◊ª Ò¬∆ «¬√ Á∆ ÚÂØ∫ Î≈«¬Á∂ÓßÁ

˛ ·∆’ ‘∆ ’«‘ ‘∆

˛Õ «¬√



√Ø ‚ ∆¡Ó,

ÍØ ‡ ≈Ù∆¡Ó,

Í ‹∂’ ¡Ω Á∆ Ș ÏÁÒ ‹≈Ú∂ ª ¿π‘ «¬’ ÍzÓ≈‰± ÏßÏ Ú∆ ˛ ¡Â∂ ‹∂’

ÓÀ◊È∆Ù∆¡Ó, ÒØ‘≈, ªÏ≈, Î≈√ÎØ√ ¡Â∂

«Ó‘Ï≈È ‘Ø ‹≈Ú∂ ª ◊πÒØ ◊πÒ˜≈ Ú∆ ’ «ÁßÁ∆ ˛Õ ÍæÊ ˘ ÓØÓ Ï‰≈ «ÁßÁ∆, √ÓπßÁ

’ÒØ∆È ¡≈«Á Âæ Ù≈«ÓÒ ‘ÈÕ «Ú‡≈«ÓÈ

˘ √Ó∂‡ ÒÀ∫Á∆ ˛Õ ¡Ω ‹Á ‘√Á∆ ˛ ª √≈∆ ’≈«¬È≈ «÷Û ‹ªÁ∆ ˛Õ ¡Ω ‹Á

“Ï∆” ¡Â∂ √∆” Ú∆ «¬√ «Ú⁄ ÓΩ‹±Á ‘πßÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ

«‘ß◊ Á∂ ◊π‰

Ø∫Á∆ ˛ ª √≈∆ ’πÁ ¡Â∂ ¡Ù Óπfi≈ ‹ªÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ ¡Ω ‹Á Á∂÷Á∆ ˛ ª √ÓπßÁ «Ú⁄Ø∫ ‘∆∂ Á∂÷ ÒÀ∫Á∆ ˛Õ ¡Ω ◊πÒ√Â≈È Ú∆ ˛, Ï∆¡≈Ï≈È Ú∆Õ ÎπæÒ Ú∆ ˛, ıπÙϱ Ú∆

«‘ß◊ Ó√≈Ò∂ Á∂ ±Í «Ú⁄ ÚÂ∆ ‹≈‰ ÂØ∫ «¬Ò≈Ú≈ Íπ≈ÂÈ √Ó∂∫ ÂØ∫ Úæ÷-Úæ÷

˛Õ √πÍÈ≈ Ú∆ ˛, «÷¡≈Ò Ú∆Õ ◊∆ Ú∆ ˛, √ß◊∆ Ú∆Õ ˜ß‹∆ Ú∆ ˛, ◊Ò∂ Á≈ ‘≈ Ú∆Õ

«¬Ò≈‹ Íz‰≈Ò∆¡ª «Ú⁄ Ú∆ «¬’ ÁÚ≈¬∆ Á∂

Á∆Ú≈È∆ ˛, Ó√Â≈È∆ ˛Õ Â≈‰≈ Ú∆ ˛, Í∂‡≈ Ú∆ ˛Õ ◊πÛ Ú∆ ˛, «Ó·≈√ Ú∆Õ ‹æ◊ ‹È‰∆ ±Í «Ú⁄ ÚÂ∆ ‹≈ ‘∆ ˛Õ fi≈Û∆Á≈ ÍΩÁ∂ Ú∆ ˛, Ò’ÙÓ∆ Ú∆ ˛Õ Á∂Ú∆ Ú∆ ˛, ͱ‹≈ Ú∆Õ √Ì ÂØ∫ ÚæË ¡Ω «¬’ Óª ˛ Â∂ “ÓÓÂ≈”

ÂØ∫ Íz≈Í «‘ß◊ ÌØ‹È ˘ √π¡≈ÁÒ≈ ¡Â∂


Í⁄‰ÔØ ◊ ω≈¿π ∫ Á∆ ˛Õ «‘ß ◊ Á∆ ÚË∂  ∂ ¡Ω «¬’ ¡«‹‘≈ ÷πÙϱÁ≈ ÎπæÒ ˛ «‹‘Û≈ Óª Ï≈Í Á∂ «Ú‘Û∂ «Ú⁄ «÷ÛÁ≈ ˛Õ ÍÀÁ≈Ú≈ ’≈ÏπÒ, ¡Î◊≈«È√Â≈È, Íø‹≈Ï ¡≈÷ «¬’ «ÁÈ ¡≈͉∆

¡Â∂ ’ÙÓ∆ «Ú⁄ ‘πßÁ∆ ˛Õ «‘ß◊ Á∂ ‘∂· «Ò÷∂

√π◊ßË ÒÀ ’∂ Óª Ï≈Í ÂØ∫ Á±,

¿πÍÔØ◊ ÁÚ≈¬∆ Á∂ ±Í «Ú⁄ ’∆Â∂ ‹≈ √’Á∂

’Ø‘ª Á± ⁄«Ò¡≈ ‹ªÁ≈ ˛Õ ‘ÈÕ ¿π Ê ∂ ‘∆ ¡≈͉∆ ıπ ٠ϱ Úß ‚ Á≈ Úß ‚ Á≈ Óπ  fi≈

«‘ß◊ ÌØ‹È Í⁄≈¿π∫Á∆ ˛, È≈Ò ‘∆ Ìπæ÷ Ú∆ ÚË≈¿π∫Á∆ ˛Õ Í∂‡ ”⁄ ◊À√ ωÁ∆ ‘ØÚ∂ ª Á≈Ò ‹ª √Ϙ∆ ˘ «‘ß◊ Á≈ ÂÛ’≈ Ò≈ ’∂ ÷≈‰

‹ªÁ≈ ˛Õ ¡≈÷ ‘Ó∂ Ù ≈ È≈Ò ◊À√ È‘∆∫ ωÁ∆Õ Ò¬∆ «¬√ ÁπÈ∆¡≈ ÂØ∫ ¡ÒØÍ ‘Ø ‹ªÁ≈ ˛Õ

√Ó≈È : F Úæ‚∂ ⁄Ó⁄ ÓÀÁ≈, D Úæ‚∂

Í ¡‹Ø ’ ∆ ¡Ω  Â

⁄Ó⁄ «ÿ˙, D Úæ‚∂ ⁄Ó⁄ ÷ø‚, B ¡ß‚∂, C

«ÚÙ∂Ù ÂΩ ”Â∂ ¡«È‰∂ Á∆

Úæ‚∂ ⁄Ó⁄ ’Ø’Ø Í≈¿±‚, C/D ¤Ø‡≈ ⁄Ó⁄

‚≈Úª‚ØÒ Ï∂Û∆ ”Â∂ √Ú≈

Ï∂«’ß◊ Í≈¿±‚, ’πfi Ïß±Áª ÚÈ∆Ò≈ ¬∂√À∫√Õ

‘Ø ’∂ «‘⁄’ØÒ∂ ÷ªÁ∆ ˛Õ ‘

Â∆’≈ : ÷ø‚ ¡Â∂ «ÿ¿π ˘ ⁄ß◊∆ Â∑ª

ÍÒ ¿π√ È∂ ’ج∆ «È‰≈

ÎÀ∫‡ Ò˙Õ ÓÀÁ∂ «Ú⁄ Ï∂«’ß◊ Í≈¿±‚ ¡Â∂

ÒÀ‰≈ ‘πßÁ≈ ˛ ª ÷πÁ Ú∆

’Ø’Ø Í≈¿±‚ Í≈ ’∂ ¤≈‰ Ò¿πÕ ¡ß«‚¡ª ˘

¿π‘ Áπ«⁄æÂ∆ Á≈ «Ù’≈ ‘Ø

ÎÀ∫‡ ÒÚØÕ ÷ø‚ ¡Â∂ «ÿ¿π Á∂ «ÓÙ‰ «Ú⁄

‹ªÁ∆ ˛Õ «¬√ Íz ’ ≈

ÊØÛ∑≈ ÊØÛ∑≈ ÓÀÁ≈ ¡Â∂ ¡ß‚∂ Á≈ ÿØÒ Í≈ ’∂

ÂÈ≈¡ «Ú⁄ Î√ ‹ªÁ∆ ˛Õ

ÎÀ∫‡ØÕ ‹ÁØ∫ √≈≈ ÿØÒ «Â¡≈ ‘Ø ‹≈Ú∂ ª

“‘ª” ’’∂ ¿π‘ √Ø⁄Á∆ ˛

⁄Ó⁄ «Ú⁄ ÊØÛ∑≈ «ÓÙ‰ Í≈ ’∂ Á∂÷Ø «’

«’ “Ȫ‘” «’¿π∫ È≈ ’∆Â∆Õ

ÿØÒ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈Í ‘∆ ⁄Ó⁄ «Ú⁄Ø∫ «‚æ◊∂ ª

Â∂ “Ȫ‘”, ’’∂ √Ø⁄Á∆ ˛

√ÓfiØ ’∂’ Á≈ ÿØÒ «Â¡≈ ˛Õ ‘π‰ «ÓÙ‰ ˘ ˙ÚÈ «Ú⁄ Í≈ ’∂ A@-AE «Ó߇ Ò¬∆

«’ “‘ª” «’¿∫π È≈ ’∆Â∆Õ

Ï∂’ ’ØÕ ’∂’ «Â¡≈ ˛, ¡≈Í ÷≈˙ È≈Ò ‘Øª ˘ ÷π¡≈˙Õ


Parivartan July 20122013 Parivartan December

Í≈«’√Â≈È∆ Íø‹≈Ï∆ ’‘≈‰∆

““√π«‰¡≈ ‘ØÚ∂◊≈ ̬∆ È≈◊, √Ø Ú«∑¡ª Á≈ ‘Ø ‹≈¬∂ Â∂

““’∆ ¡≈«÷¡≈ ‹∂ Ï≈Ï≈ ‹∆ ?”” ÂÍ∂

¿∞‘ Ú∆ ÍÒ‡ ’∂ ‹Ø ⁄≈‘∂ ω ‹ªÁ≈ ¬∂Õ ‹∂ ¿∞‘ ÏøÁ≈ ω ‹≈¬∂

‘ج∂ ´‘≈, Í≈‘π‰∂ Á∆ «⁄º·∆ Á≈Û∑∆,

Â∂ ¿∞‘Á∆ «ÈÙ≈È∆ «¬‘ ‘πøÁ∆ ¬∂ ͬ∆ ¿∞‘Á∆¡ª ¡º÷ª ◊ØÒ

ÈÚ∂∫ Ò∆Û∂ Â∂ π¡Ï Á≈Ï Ú≈Ò≈ «⁄‘≈

‘πøÁ∆¡ª È∂, Â∂ ¿∞‘ ¡º÷ª È‘∆∫ fiÓ’Á≈Õ ¿∞‘Á∆¡ª ¿∞∫◊Òª

Ú∂÷ ’∂ ‘º√«Á¡ª ‘Ø«¬¡≈ Íπº«¤¡≈Õ ’ØÒ

«Ú⁄ Í؇∂ Ú∆ È‘∆∫ ‘πøÁ∂Õ ¿∞‘ ˜Ó∆È Á∆ ’∞º÷ «Ú⁄

ÏÀ·∂ Óπø‚∂ ˘ ¡≈÷‰ Òº◊≈ :

´’∆ ‘ج∆ ‘ ÙÀ Ú∂÷ √’Á≈ ¬∂, ‹Ø ÏøÁ≈

““’∞Û∑ ”⁄Ø∫ Ó≥‹∆ ’º„ ’∂ Í≈‘π‰∂

È‘∆∫ Ú∂÷ √’Á≈Õ Â∂ ‘ ’øÓ ’ √’Á≈

˘Õ È≈Ò∂ ‘πº’∂ ¿∞Â∂ ¡º◊ º÷ Á∂, Í≈‰∆

¬∂, ‹Ø ÏøÁ≈ È‘∆∫ ’ √’Á≈Õ ¿∞‘Á∂ «Ú⁄

Í≈ Á∂Õ””

⁄ø ◊ ∂ Â’Û∂ «‹ø È «‹ø È ∆ Â≈’ Â∂

““È≈ Ì≈¬∆, Ï«‘‰≈ Â∂ ¡√ª ’ج∆

¿∞√Â≈Á∆ ‘πøÁ∆ ¬∂Õ √ºÍ ÂØ∫ Á∂‘ ÍÒ‡ ’∂

È‘∆∫, ÍÀ∫‚≈ ¶Ó≈ ¬∂Õ Âø» ̺·∆ ”⁄Ø∫ ÒØ‘≈

Ï«‰¡≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ ÏøÁ≈ Â∂ «‹øÈ ‘∆ ÁØ

’º„Õ ¡√∆∫ ÂÀ˘ Î≈Ò≈ ω≈ ’∂ Á∂∫Á∂

¡«‹‘∆¡ª «Ëª È∂, «‹‘Û∆¡ª ¿∞√ Ï»‡∆

‹≈¬∆¬∂Õ”” Í«‘Ò∆ Ú≈ Â∂ ´‘≈ Ï≈Ï∂

Á∆ Áº√ Í≈ √’Á∆¡ª È∂, «‹‘Á∂ È≈Ò

Á∆ ◊ºÒ ˘ ÓıΩÒ ‘∆ ‹≈Â≈ Â∂ ‹≈Â≈

Òº◊ ’∂ ’ج∆ Ú∆ ÙÀ √ØÈ≈ ω ‹ªÁ∆ ¬∂Õ””

¿∞√ Á»‹∆ Ú≈ Ú∆ «¬øfi ‘∆Õ Í ¿∞√

Í«‘Ò≈ ÏøÁ≈, «‹‘Á∆¡ª ¡º÷ª ◊ØÒ

√øÈ∑∆ È≈Ò ÒØ‘≈ ÎÛ ’∂ ̺·∆ ”⁄Ø∫ ’º«„¡≈ Â∂ Ò≈◊∂

√È Â∂ «‹‘Û≈ ¡º÷ª È‘∆∫ √∆ fiÓ’Á≈,

÷ÒØÂ∂ Ï≈Ï∂ ÚºÒ ’ «ÁºÂ≈Õ

◊ºÒ ’«Á¡ª ⁄πºÍ ‘Ø «◊¡≈Õ ¿∞√ ·ø‚∆ ‘πøÁ∆ ‹ªÁ∆ ⁄≈‘ ÁØ ÿπº‡ª «Úº⁄

““ÒÀ Ï≈Ï≈Õ Â±ø ω≈ ÒÀ Î≈Ò≈! «◊º· ‚∂„ «◊º·

¡≥Á √ºπ‡∆, «√◊‡ Ò≈ ’∂ È≈√ª ≈‘∆∫ Ë»ø¡ª ’º«„¡≈ Â∂ ÏØ«Ò¡≈, ““«¬‘Ȫ

¶Ó≈ Â∂ Í؇≈ ’∞ ⁄ΩÛ≈, ÂÍÁ∂ ‘ج∂ Ò≈Ò ÒØ‘∂ Á≈ ‡Ø‡≈

ÁØ «Ëª ÂØ∫ Úº÷ «¬’ ‘Ø «Ë Ú∆ ¬∂, Â∆‹∆ «Ë.....¡ºÒ∑≈ Á∂ ÏøÁ∂, «‹‘Û∆ ÙÀ

´‘≈ È∂ ÓıΩÒ È≈Ò Ï≈Ï∂ ÚºÒ «¬øfi ÚË≈«¬¡≈,

˘ ‘ºÊ Ò≈ Á∂‰, √ØÈ≈ ω ‹≈¬∂Õ Í «¬‘ ’øÓ ¿∞‘ ’Á∂ È‘∆∫Õ ÁπÈ∆¡≈Á≈∆

«‹ºÁª ¿∞‘ Ï≈Ï∂ ˘ ‚≈¿∞‰≈ ⁄≈‘øπÁ≈ √∆Õ

‹Ø È‘∆∫ ‘πøÁ∂Õ ¡√∆∫ ¬∂√ «Ë Á∆ Â∂ ◊ºÒ ‘∆ È‘∆∫ ’ ‘∂Õ”” ¿∞‘ Î∂ ⁄πºÍ ‘Ø

Í È≈ Ï≈Ï≈ ‚ ’∂ «Í¤ª‘ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ Â∂

«◊¡≈Õ Óπº’Á∂ ‘ج∂ «√◊‡ È≈Ò ÈÚª «√◊‡ Ò≈ ’∂ ¿∞√ ’‘≈‰∆ Î∂ ¤Ø‘∆ :

È≈ ¿∞ √ ´‘≈ Á∆ ’∆Â∆ Á≈ Ïπ  ≈ Ó≥«È¡≈Õ ¿∞√ ‘ºÊ ¡◊ª‘ ÚË≈ ’∂

““‘≈Û ‹∂· Á∂ «ÁȪ «Ú⁄ «¬’ ´‘≈ ÂÍÁ∆ ̺·∆ ¡º◊∂ ÏÀ·≈, ÓπÛ∑’Ø

¡‚ØÒ ‘∆ ÂÍÁ≈ √ÛÁ≈ Ò≈Ò ÒØ‘≈

ÓπÛ∑’∆ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ √øÈ∑∆ È≈Ò ÂÍ∂ ‘ج∂ Ò≈Ò ÒØ‘∂ Á∂ ‡Ø‡∂ ˘ ÎÛ∆, ¡≈«¬È ¿∞µÂ∂

‘ºÊ «Ú⁄ ÎÛ «Ò¡≈Õ ‚ Â∂ Á«‘ÙÂ

º÷∆, ‘ÊΩÛ∂ È≈Ò ’∞º‡ ’∞º‡ ’∂ ¿∞‘Á∆ Ù’Ò ˘ √» È≈Ò „≈Ò «‘≈ √∆Õ

È≈Ò ´‘≈ Á∂ ‘ºÊ∫Ø √øÈ∆∑ ¤∞‡ º ◊¬∆Õ ‘À≈È◊∆

´‘≈ «‹Ê∂ ‘ÊΩÛ∂ Á∆ √º‡ Ó≈Á≈, Óπø‚∂ Á≈ ÚÁ≈‰ ¿∞Ê∂ ‘∆ ¡≈ ’∂ Úº‹Á≈Õ

È≈Ò ¿∞‘Á∂ ‚∂Ò∂ Ï≈‘ «‚º◊‰ Á∂ È∂Û∂ ¡≈

ÂÍÁ∂ ÒØ‘∂ Á∂ ⁄ø«◊¡≈Û∂ ‘ √º‡ È≈Ò ¿∞µ‚Á∂ Â∂ ´‘≈ ¿∞Â∂ ¡≈ ’∂ «‚º◊Á∂ Í ¿∞‘ Ï∂ÍÃÚ≈‘ ·ß‚∂ ‘πøÁ∂ ‹ªÁ∂ ÒØ‘∂ ˘ ’∞º‡∆

◊¬∂Õ ¿∞√ ÏØÒ‰≈ ⁄≈«‘¡≈ Í ◊ºÒ ¿∞‘Á∂ √øÿ «Ú⁄ Î√ ◊¬∆Õ Ï≈Ï∂ ´‘≈ Á≈ Ó≥Á≈ ‘≈Ò «‚º·≈

‹ªÁ≈Õ ¿∞‘ Î∂ ¿∞‘˘ ̺·∆ «Ú⁄ ÏÁÒ∂ ‹◊Á∂,

Ú∆ Â∂ ¿∞‘Á∂ Â∂ ˜≈«‘ È≈ ‘؉ «ÁºÂ≈Õ ÂÍÁ≈

‹∆¿±∫Á∂ ’Ø«Ò¡ª ¿∞µÂ∂ º÷Á≈Õ Óπø‚≈ ÚÁ≈‰

ÒØ‘≈ ¿∞√ Á»»‹∆ ÂÒ∆ ¿∞Â∂ º«÷¡≈ Â∂ ’∞ÛÂ∂

√πº‡ ’∂ ̺·∆ ˘ ‘Ú≈ Á∂‰ Ú≈Ò≈ Í‘∆¡≈

Á∂ ◊ÒÓ∂∫ Á∂ ¡≥Á ‘ºÊ Í≈ ’∂ ¡≥ÁØ∫ ÷∆√∂

Î∂È ‚«‘ ÍÀ∫Á≈.....Î∂ ‹ÁØ∫ ÒØ‘≈ ÂÍ ’∂

”⁄Ø∫ ’∞fi ’º«„¡≈ Â∂ ⁄π‡’∆ Ë»Û≈ ÂÍÁ∂ ÒØ‘∂

Ò≈Ò ‘Ø ‹ªÁ≈ ¿∞‘ ¿∞‘˘ √øÈ∑∆ È≈Ò ’∞º‡‰ Òº◊ ‹ªÁ≈Õ

¿∞Â∂ Ë»Û «ÁºÂ≈Õ Ë»Û∂ È≈Ò ÒØ‘∂ ”⁄Ø∫ «¬øfi Ë»ø¡ª «È’«Ò¡≈ «‹Ú∂∫ ÂÍÁ∂ ÒØ‘∂ ¿∞Â∂ Í≈‰∆ √πº‡ «ÁºÂ≈

¶ÿÁ≈ ‹ªÁ≈ «¬’ ˙Í≈ ÏøÁ≈,

«◊¡≈ ‘ØÚ∂Õ Î»’ Ó≈, Ï≈Ï∂ ÒØ‘∂ ÂØ∫ Ë»ø¡ª ¿∞‚≈«¬¡≈

⁄ø◊∆ ÿÛ∆, ÓπÛ∑’Ø ÓπÛ∑’∆ ‘ج∂ Òπ‘≈ ˘

Â∂ «Í¡≈ È≈Ò ¿∞‘Á∂ Â∂ ‘ºÊ Î∂ ’∂ ’«‘‰ Òº◊≈:

ÒØ‘∂ È≈Ò ÿπÒ«Á¡ª Ú∂÷Á≈ «‘≈Õ «‘

““ÒÀ Ì«Ò¡≈! Â∂≈ ÂÍÁ≈ ÒØ‘≈ ·ß‚≈ ‘Ø «◊¡≈

È≈ √«’¡≈Õ Íπº¤‰ Òº◊≈ :

¬∆ Â∂ √ØÈ≈ Ú∆ ω «◊¡≈ ¬∆Õ ¡√∆∫

““Ì«Ò¡≈Õ ’∆ ω≈¿∞‰≈ ¬∂∫ «Í¡≈ ?””

Â∂ Â∂≈ Î≈Ò≈ ‘∆ ω≈¿∞‰≈ ⁄≈‘øπÁ∂

““ÒºÌÁ≈ È‘∆∫ ¿±?”” ´‘≈ «Ú⁄Ò∂ ‘ºÊ Á∆

√ª Í ÂÀ˘ √≈‚∆ ◊ºÒ Â∂ «Ë¡≈È ‘∆

Í«‘Ò∆ ¿∞∫◊Ò∆ ÓºÊ∂ ÂØ∫ Á∆ Î∂∆, ÓπÛ∑’∂ Á∆ «¬’ ¤ºÒ, ¿∞∫◊Ò ¿∞Â∂ ⁄Û∑ Â∞∆Õ ¿∞∫◊Ò fi‡’ ’∂ ¿∞√ ÓπÛ∑’≈ ÌØ«¬ø ¿∞Â∂ √πº‡«Á¡ª ‘Ø«¬¡ª Íπº¤‰ Ú≈Ò∂ ÚºÒ Ú∂«÷˙∫ «ÏȪ «’‘≈ : ““Á∂√∆ ‘Ò Á≈ Î≈Ò≈Õ”” Â∂ ¿∞‘ √øÈ∑∆ È≈Ò ’Ø«Ò¡ª ¿∞Â∂ ÒØ‘∂ Á∂ ‡π’Û∂ Á≈ Í≈√≈ ÍÂÁ≈, ¡≈͉∂ ’øÓ «Ú⁄ Ó√ «‘≈Õ ““ÂÀÊØ∫ Â∂ Î≈Ò≈ Âz’≈Òª º’ È‘∆∫ ωÈ≈ Ì«Ò¡≈Õ ˜≈ ’º„ ÒØ‘≈ ̺·∆ «Ú⁄Ø∫ Ï≈‘Õ ¡√∆∫ ÂÀ˘ Î≈Ò≈ ω≈ ’∂ «Ú÷≈¿∞È∂ ¡ªÕ””

È‘∆∫ ¡≈«¬¡≈ ‘π‰ Î≈Ò≈ ±ø ¡≈Í Ï‰≈ ÒÀ””, Â∂ ‘º√ ’∂ Ï≈Ï∂ È∂ ⁄Ó’Á∂ «Èº◊ √ØÈ∂ Á≈ «◊º· ‚∂„ «◊º· ¶Ó≈ Â∂ Í؇≈ ’∞ ⁄ΩÛ≈ ‚Ò≈, «‹‘Û≈ ’Á∂ ÒØ‘≈ √∆, ‘À≈È∆ Í∂Ù≈È∆ È≈Ò ◊πø◊-ͺÊ ‘ج∂ ´‘≈ ¡º◊∂ √πº«‡¡≈ Â∂ ⁄ÒÁ≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈Õ ⁄ø◊∆ ÿÛ∆ «Í¤Ø∫ ´‘≈ Á∆ «‹Ú∂∫ ‹≈◊ ÷πºÒ∑∆Õ ˙√ ‚«Á¡ª ‚«Á¡ª √≈‘Ó‰∂ ͬ∂ ‘ج∂ √ØÈ∂ Á∂ ‚Ò∂ ˘ ‘ºÊ Ò≈«¬¡≈Õ ¿π‘ √ØÈ≈ √∆ √º⁄∆ Óπº⁄∆ Á≈Õ ‚Ò≈ ˙√ ⁄≈Á Á∂ ‚ºÏ «Ú⁄ «ÁºÂ≈Õ Ï≈Ï∂ Á≈ «’Ë∂ ’ج∆ «ÈÙ≈È È≈ ÒºÌ≈Õ ÓÈ Â∆’ ´‘≈ ˘ «¬‘∆ «‘÷ «‘≈

Í«‘Ò∆ Ú≈ ´‘≈ È∂ ¡º÷ª ¿∞ª‘ ⁄πº’ ’∂ ÏØÒ‰ Ú≈Ò∂ ˘ Ú∂«÷¡≈Õ ¶Ó≈ ⁄ΩÛ≈ «⁄º‡

ͬ∆ ˙√ Ï≈Ï∂ È≈Ò ·º·≈ ’È Á∆ ʪ ˙‘Á∆ √∂Ú≈ «’¿∞∫ È≈ ’∆Â∆Õ ıΩ∂ ÷πÙ ‘Ø ’∂ Ï≈Ï≈

Á≈Û∑∆¡≈, È‘≈Â≈ ËØÂ≈, ÈÚ∂∫ È’Ø Ò∆«Û¡ª «Ú⁄ ¿∞‘ ˙Í≈ ÏøÁ≈ ´‘≈ ˘ «’√∂ √Ω÷∂

¿∞‘Á∆¡ª ¤À‰∆¡ª, √øÈ∑∆¡ª, ‘ÊΩÛ∂, ÚÁ≈‰ Â∂ ¡≈«¬È Ú∆ √ØÈ∂ Á∆ ω≈ ‹ªÁ≈Õ «¬’

ÏøÁ∂ Á≈ Í≈‘π‰≈ Òº◊≈Õ

◊ºÒ ‘Ø ´‘≈ ÓÈ Â∆’ È≈ Ìπº«Ò¡≈ ͬ∆ Ï≈Ï∂ Á∆¡ª ¡º÷ª ◊ØÒ √È Â∂ ¿∞‘ ¡º÷ª

Í≈«’√Â≈È∆ Íø‹≈Ï∆ ’‘≈‰∆ È‘∆∫ √∆ fiÓ’Á≈Õ ¿∞‘ «‹‘Û≈ ¡º÷ª È‘∆∫ √∆ fiÓ’Á≈ Â∂ «‹√ Á∆¡ª ¡º÷ª ◊ØÒ √È, «√◊‡ Á≈ ¤∂’ÛÒ≈ √»‡≈ Ó≈ ’∂ ’«‘‰ Òº◊≈, ““Ó∂∆ ’‘≈‰∆ Óπº’ ◊¬∆ ‹∂ Ì≈¬∆˙Õ”” ““Ó≥ȉ Ú≈Ò∆ ◊ºÒ ¬∂ !”” √π‰È Ú≈«Ò¡ª ⁄‘ø㭦 «¬’º«·¡ª «¬’ ˜Ï≈È ‘Ø ’∂ «’‘≈Õ

Parivartan December 2013


““«‹‘Û∆ ’‘≈‰∆ ÓÀ∫ Â∞‘≈˘ √π‰≈¿∞‰ Òº◊≈ ‘ª, ¿∞‘ «Èº’∆ «‹‘∆ ¬∂ ! .....«¬’ È≈¬∆ Á∆ Áπ’≈È «Ú⁄ ÏøÁ≈ ¡≈ ’∂ ’øÿ∆ Ó≥◊Á≈ ¬∂ ª ‹Ø ¿∞‘ ¡≈͉∂ «÷ºÒ∂ ‘ج∂ ÏØÁ∂ Ú≈‘ √’∂Õ È≈¬∆ È∂ ¡≥Á ¡≈¿∞‰ Ú≈Ò∂ ˘ ’øÿ∆ Á∂ «ÁºÂ∆ Í ’∞fi Ó»ø‘ Úº‡ ’∂ Â∂ Ù∆Ù∂ ¡º◊∂ ͬ∆ ‘ج∆ ’∞√∆ ¿∞Â∂ Һ º÷ ’∂, ¿∞√ Íª‘ ͬ∆ ‘ج∆ ’∞√∆ ÚæÒ «¬Ù≈≈ ’∆Â≈Õ ÓÂÒÏ √∆ ͬ∆ ¿∞Ê∂ Ï«‘ ’∂ Ú≈Ò Ú≈‘ ÒÀÕ ¿∞√ ’π√∆ ÂØ∫ Ù∆Ù≈ È‘∆∫ √∆ ÒºÌÁ≈Õ ı≈Ò∆

Á»‹∂ ’‘≈‰∆ «¬øfi ¤Ø‘∆ :

’øÿ∆ Ú≈‘ ’∂ Â∞ ‹≈‰ Ú≈Ò∂ «’‘Û≈ ’ج∆ ÍÀ√≈ Á∂‰≈ √∆? ’øÿ∆ Ú≈‘π‰ Ú≈Ò∂ È≈¬∆ ˘

Ï»‡∆¡ª ÚøÈ √πÚøÈ∆¡ª Â∂ ÁπÈ∆¡ª ÌÒØ-ÌÒ∆Õ ....Ï»‡∆¡ª ÚøÈ √πÚøÈ∆¡ª...... ’ج∆

Áº«√¡≈ ͬ∆ ¿∞‘ «ÏȪ Ù∆Ù∂ Á∂ ‘∆ ÏØÁ∂ Ú≈‘ Ò¬∂◊≈Õ ¿∞√ ’∞√∆ ¿∞Â∂ Ï«‘ ’∂ ¡≈≈Ó

«Óº‡∆ ˘ √ØÈ≈ ’ Á∂‰ Ú≈Ò∆, ’ج∆ ¡≥È∑∂ ˘ √π‹≈«÷¡ª, ’Ø‘Û∂ ˘ ÏÒÚ≈È, Ïπº„∂ ˘

È≈Ò ‘∆ ¡≈͉≈ «√ ÓØ«„¡ª ÂØ∫ Ò≈«‘¡≈, ◊ØÁ∆ «Ú⁄ º«÷¡≈, Â√ºÒ∆ È≈Ò ÏØÁ∂

‹Ú≈È Â∂ ‹Ú≈È ˘ Ù«‘ ˜Ø ω≈ Á∂‰ Ú≈Ò∆Õ ÏøÁ≈ √Á≈ ÂØ∫ «‘√ Á≈ ÏøÁ≈ ¬∂Õ Â∂

Ú≈‘∂, «√ Î∂ ÓØ«„¡ª Â∂ º«÷¡≈, ’øÿ∆ ◊πø◊ ‘ج∂ È≈¬∆ Á∆ √π ’≈«¬Ó ‘ج∆ ¿∞‘ ÁΩÛ

√≈∆ ‘Ô≈Â∆ «‘√ Á∂ ‹≈Ò «Ú⁄ ÂÛ«Á¡ª Úøfi≈ ¤º‚Á≈ ¬∂Õ ’Á∂ √ØÈ≈ ω≈¿∞‰ Á∆

’∂ ◊π¡ª„∆ Á∆ ‘º‡∆ ¿∞Â∂ «◊¡≈ ¡Â∂ ¿∞‘˘ ¡≈͉∆ ¡º÷∆∫ Ú∂÷∆ √∞‰≈¬∆Õ È≈¬∆ ˘ √≈‘

«‘√, ’Á∂ ¡≥È∑∂ ÂØ∫ √π‹≈÷∂ ‘؉ Á≈ ÂÓ≈Ó Â∂ ’Á∂ ’Ø‘Û∂ ÂØ∫ ÏÒÚ≈È Â∂ Ïπº„∂ ÂØ∫ ‹Ú≈È

⁄«Û∑¡≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ √∆, ‹ÁØ∫ ‘º‡∆ Ú≈Ò∂ «ÈßÓ∑≈ «‹‘≈ ‘º√ ’∂ ÁØ Ú≈Ò ‘ºÊª È≈ÒØ∫ ¿∞ª‘ ‘∆

Ï‰È Á≈ ÙπÁ≈¡.....

¡≈͉≈ «√ ÓØ«„¡ª ÂØ∫ Ò≈‘ ’∂ È≈¬∆ ¡º◊∂ ’∆Â≈ Â∂ «’‘≈ : ““ÌÒ≈ «¬øfi ‘∆ Â∂∂

’‘≈‰∆ «¬øfi ¬∂ «’ ͬ∆ «¬’ ÏÛ≈ Ù«‘ ˜Ø Í«‘ÒÚ≈È √∆Õ ¿∞‘ √ºÂ± ͺÒ∂ ÏøÈ∑ ’∂

◊≈‘’ È∂ ¡≈͉≈ «√ ÓØ«„¡ª ÂØ∫ Ò≈«‘¡≈ √∆ È≈ ?””

Á» Á∂ «¬’ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È È≈Ò ÿπÒ‰ Ò¬∆ ÿØ∫ «È’Ò Â∞«¡≈Õ Ú≈‡ ¶Ó∆ √∆ Â∂ ≈‘

““Ó≥È ÒÀ‰ Ú≈Ò∆ ◊ºÒ ¬∂ !”” ⁄≈∂ √π‰È Ú≈Ò∂ «¬’ ˜Ï≈È ‘Ø ’∂ ÏØÒ∂Õ

¡◊Ò∂ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È Á∆ Â∑ª ¡‰«‚º·≈Õ ¿∞‘ ≈ «ÁÈ ‹ø◊ Ï∂Ò∂, º’Û, ÓÀÁ≈È,

⁄ΩÊ∂ «¬’ ¿∞µÌ≈ «‹‘≈ √≈‘ ÒÀ ’∂ ¡≈͉∆ ◊ºÒ ¤∂Û∆Õ ˙√ È◊∆ ”⁄ ÒØ’ Â∂ √ØÈ∂ Á∆

ÈÁ∆¡ª È≈Ò∂, Á«¡≈, Í‘≈Û ÍπÒªÿÁ≈ ¿πÂÁ≈ «‘≈Õ Ìπº÷ Òº◊∆ Â∂ √ºÂ± Í≈‰∆ «Ú⁄

ÂÓ¡ (Ò≈Ò⁄) «Ú⁄ ¿∞µ’∂ ¡≥È∑∂ ¬∆ ‘Ø ◊¬∂Õ È≈ ¿∞‘Ȫ ˘ «٫¡ª Á∆ ͤ≈‰ ‘∆ Â∂

ÿØÒ ’∂ Í∆ «◊¡≈ √≈∆ ¬∆ ¤ºÍÛ∆Õ Â∂ Ò∂‡ ’∂ √Ω∫ «◊¡≈ ¿∞Ê∂ ‘∆Õ ¤ºÍÛ∆ Áπ¡≈Ò∂ ’ج∆

È≈ ¡≈͉∂ ‘º’ª Â∂ Î˜ª Á∆ «√¡≈‰.....È≈ ¿∞‘Ȫ Á∂ ͺÒ∂ ’ج∆ √º⁄ «‘≈ Â∂ È≈ ’ج∆

Ï»‡∆ ¿∞µ◊∆ ‘ج∆ √∆ Â∂ ˙√ Ï»‡∆ Á∂ ͺÂ «’ «’ ’∂ «‚º◊Á∂ ‘؉◊∂ ¤ºÍÛ∆ «Ú⁄ ˜»Õ

¡√»ÒÕ ¿∞‘ Ì∂‚ª Á∂ «¬º‹Û Úª◊ √ØÈ∂ Á∆ ºÂ∆ ºÂ∆ «Í¤∂ «¬’ Á»‹∂ ÂØ∫ ÚË ÚË ’∂ ÓÀ∫ ÓÀ∫

√πºÂ∂ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È È∂ Í≈√≈ Í«Â¡≈ Â∂ ¿∞‘Á≈ ‘ºÊ Ò≈◊∂ ⁄π◊Á∂ ¿±· ˘ ‹≈ Úº‹≈ Â∂ ¿±·

’Á∂ Â∂ ¿∞√Á∂ Ó≈√∂ Ó≈√∂ ÂØ∫ Ï«ÿ¡≈Ûª «Ú⁄ ¿∞Ë∂ÛÁ∂ ‘≈’Ó∂-’√Ï≈ ¬∆ ω ◊¬∂ Â∂

ÎπÛ’ ’∂ «‚º◊ «Í¡≈Õ ÷Û≈’ È≈Ò Í«‘ÒÚ≈È Á∆ ‹≈◊ ÷πÒ∑∆Õ ¿∞«·¡≈ Â∂ Ó∂ ‘ج∂ ¿±·

«¬È√≈¯ ¿∞√ È◊∆ ”⁄Ø∫ ÷≥Ì Ò≈ ’∂ ¿∞µ‚ «◊¡≈Õ Úº‚≈ ¤Ø‡∂ ˘ ÷≈‰ ‚«‘ «Í¡≈ Â∂

˘ ÓØ„∂ Ú≈Ò∆ ⁄≈Á «Ú⁄ Í≈ ’∂ Ó◊ «Íº¤∂ Í≈ «Ò˙ √»Õ Â∂ ¡◊Ò∂ «Í≥‚ Á»‹∂ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È

Â◊Û≈ Ó≈Û∂ ˘Õ Ó≈Úª ÍπºÂª ¡º◊∂ ¡≈͉≈ ÁπºË Ú∂⁄‰ Òº◊ ͬ∆¡ª Â∂ Ì≈ ÌÀ‰ª Á∂

Á∂ «Ú‘Û∂ «Ú⁄ ‹≈ √πº«‡¡≈ √»Õ √Ø«⁄¡≈ √» ¡◊Ò≈ Á«‘Ù È≈Ò ‘ºÊ ÷Û∂ ’ ‹≈¬∂◊≈

Ⱥ’ª «Ú⁄ √ØÈ∂ Á∆¡ª Â∆Ò∆¡ª Ë»‘‰ ‚«‘ ͬ∂Õ «Í¿∞ ÍπºÂª ˘ ºÂ∆ ºÂ∆ √ØÈ∂ Úº‡∂

Í Í«‘ÒÚ≈È Â∂ ¿∞√ Ú∂Ò∂ ÿ ¬∆ È‘∆∫ √∆Õ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È Á∆ ÿ Ú≈Ò∆ Â∂ Ï»‘∂ ¡º◊∂ ÷Ω»

Ú∂÷‰ ⁄Û∑ ͬ∂ Â∂ ÍπºÂ «Í¿±¡ª ˘ Ó≈√≈ Ó≈√≈ √ØÈ∂ ˘ Ú‡≈¿∞∫Á∂ «ÎÁ∂Õ «„º‚ «„º‚ ˘

Í≈¿∞∫Á∂ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È Á∂ ’øË ÂØ∫ Á∆ «Ú‘Û∂ «Ú⁄ Ú◊≈‘∂, «Ìº◊∂ ‘ج∂, Ó∂ ‘ج∂, ¿±· ÚºÒ

÷≈‰ ‚«‘ «Í¡≈ Â∂ ¡≥◊ ¡≥◊ ˘Õ È◊∆ Á∂ ÒØ’ª √ØÈ∂ ˘ ‘∆ ¡≈͉≈ √Ì ’∞fi «ÓºÊ

Ú∂«÷¡≈ Â∂ ¡≈͉∆ Í≥‹ª Ú«∑¡ª Á∆ Ë∆ ˘ ÏØÒ∆, ¬∂‚∆ ¿∞µ⁄∆ Ú≈‹ «Ú⁄ ͬ∆ Ï≈‘

«Ò¡≈Õ ÁπÈ∆¡ª Ú∆, Á∆È Ú∆ Â∂ ºÏ Ú∆Õ «Î «Í¤ª‘ Ï≈’∆ «’‘Û∂ √≈’ Â∂ «’‘Û∂

÷ÒØÂ≈ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È Ú∆ √π‰ ÒÚ∂Õ

«ÙÂ∂ «‘ ◊¬∂ Â∂ «’‘Û∆¡ª ◊ºÒª? ¿∞∫fl ¿∞√ È◊∆ Á∂ ÒØ’ª ˘ √ØÈ∂ ÂØ∫ Á» «‘‰

““’∞Û∆¬∂, Ú∂÷ ’ج∆ «⁄Û∆ Á≈ Ϻ⁄≈ «Ú‘Û∂ «Ú⁄ ¡≈ «‚º◊ Ó«¡≈ ¬∂Õ √πº‡ «¬‘˘ Ï≈‘!””

Ò¬∆ ¡≈«÷¡≈ «◊¡≈ √∆.......Õ ÓÁª ˘ Â∂ √ØÈ≈ Í≈¿∞‰ Á∆ «√ºË∆ ÓÈ≈‘∆ √∆ Â∂ √Ú≈‰∆¡ª ˘ √≈Á≈ «‘‰ Á≈ ‘π’Ó √∆ Í ¿∞‘ ÌπºÒ ◊¬∂Õ ‘ ÙÀ¡ ıπÁ≈ Ú≈Ò∆Õ ‹ÁØ∫

’∞Û∆ È∂ Ï‘π’ ¿∞Â∂ Ó«¡≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ ¿±· º«÷¡≈ Â∂ Ï≈‘ ÷ÒØÂ∂ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È ’ØÒ

ÏøÁ≈ ÏøÁ≈ ‘∆ È≈ ‘∂ Â∂ Î∂ ¡√Ó≈Ȫ ÚºÒ ’Ω‰ Ú∂÷Á≈ ¬∂ Â∂ ‘Á≈«¬Âª ‘π’Ó ’Ω‰

√π«‡¡≈Õ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈¿∞‰ Á≈ ’≈È Áº«√¡≈ Â∂ ¡◊Ò∂ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È Á∆

√π‰Á≈ ¬∂? Í ¿∞‘ Â∂ Ï ‘º’ (√º⁄Ø √º⁄) ¬∂ Â∂ ¿∞‘Á∆ Í’Û Ú∆ Ï ‘º’!!! ¬∂Ê∂ Ú∆ Â∂

ÿÚ≈Ò∆ È∂ ¡≥ÁØ∫ ¡≈«÷¡≈ :

¡≈ı «Ú⁄ Ú∆.....

““Ú∆≈! ‹ø◊Ò «Ú⁄ Ï≈Ò‰ ÒÀ‰ «◊¡≈ ¬∆, Í«‘ÒÚ≈ÈÕ ؘ ¡≈͉∂ ¤≈‘ Ú∂Ò∂ Ò¬∆ Áº√ ◊º‚∂ Ï≈Ò‰ «Ò¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ ¬∂Õ Â±ø Ï«‘ ‹≈, Òº√∆ Í≈‰∆ Í∆, Í ‹∂ ’ج∆ ’≈‘Ò

¿∞‘Ȫ ˘ ¡≈«÷¡≈ «◊¡≈Õ «’¿∞∫ È≈ «¬‘ √ØÈ≈ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ’ØÒØ∫ ÷Ø‘ «Ò¡≈ ‹≈Ú∂, «‹‘Û≈ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ’ØÒØ∫ Ïø«Á¡≈¬∆ ÷Ø‘∆ Â∞«¡≈ ‹ªÁ≈ ¬∂Õ

Á≈ ’øÓ ¬∂ Â∂ ¿∞‘˘ «ÓÒ ÒÀ, ‹ø◊Ò «Ú⁄ ‹≈ ’∂Õ ¿∞∫fi ¿∞‘ ¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ ¬∆ ‘؉≈ ¬∂Õ «‹‘Û≈

¿∞‘ «ÚÒ’∂-√≈ÊØ∫ ¬∂È≈ È≈ ÷Ø‘ØÕ «¬‘Á∂ «ÏȪ ¡√∆∫ «‹¿±∫Á∂ È‘∆∫ «‘ √’Á∂ Â∂

ÏøÁ≈ Á√ ◊º‚∂ Ï≈Ò‰ «÷º⁄∆ «Ò¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ ‘ج∂◊≈, ¿∞‘ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È ¬∆ ‘ج∂◊≈, «‹√ ˘ ±ø

Ïø«Á¡≈¬∆ Á∆ √≈˘ ÒØÛ ’ج∆ È‘∆∫; Ï∂Ùº’ √≈∆ Á∆ √≈∆ ÷Ø‘ ÒÀÕ Â∂ «¬‘ ¡≈÷«Á¡ª

ÒºÌÁ≈ «ÎÁ≈ ¬∂∫!””

¿∞‘ ¡≈͉∂ fi»· Â∂ ¡≈͉∆ ÓÈ≈¯’ ¿∞Â∂ ¡≈͉∂ «ÁÒª «Ú⁄ ‘º√∂Õ «’¿∞∫ ‹∂ Ïø«Á¡≈¬∆

Í«‘ÒÚ≈È ‹ø◊Ò ˘ Â∞ «Í¡≈Õ ¡º◊Ø∫ Á√ ◊º‚∂ Ï≈Ò‰ Á∂ ÒºÁ∂, «¬’ Á»‹∂ È≈Ò ÏºË∂ «÷º⁄∆ «Ò¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ Á»‹≈ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È Â∞«¡≈ ¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ «Ó«Ò¡≈ √»Õ ÁØÚ∂∫ ¿∞Ê∂ ‘∆ ÿπÒ‰

Á≈ ÌØ≈ Â∂ ¿∞‘Ȫ «Ú⁄ ‘À ‘∆ È‘∆∫ √∆ Â∂ ¿∞‘Ȫ ÂØ∫ ÷ºπ√‰≈ ’∆ √∆ ? «È∆ ÏøÁ∂ Ú≈Ò∆ Ù’Ò √»Â!! √ØÈ≈ ͺÒ∂ ‘ØÚ∂ Â∂ Ù’Ò Ú∂÷Á≈ ¬∆ ’Ω‰ ¬∂Õ

‚«‘ ͬ∂Õ ’ØÒ Á∆ «¬’ Ï∆Ï∆ ¤≈‘ Ú∂Ò≈ Ò¬∆ Â∞∆ ‹ªÁ∆ √∆Õ ¿∞‘˘ Í«‘ÒÚ≈È ¡≈÷‰

¿∞‘Ȫ ˘ Î∂ Íπº«¤¡≈ «◊¡≈, ““’∆ ‹Ø Â∞‘≈‚∂ ’ØÒ Â∞‘≈‚≈ √≈≈ √ØÈ≈ «‘‰ «ÁºÂ≈

Òº◊∂ : Ï∆Ï∆! ÌÀ‰ª ˜≈ ÷ÒØ ’∂ √≈‚≈ ÿØÒ Ú∂÷ Â∂ √≈‚∆ ÓπÈ√¯∆ ’Á∆ ‹≈Õ ¡≈Ò∂

‹≈Ú∂ Â∂ Â∞‘≈˘ ϪÁ, √», «◊ºÁÛ, ’∞ºÂ≈, «ÏºÒ≈, ÷ØÂ≈ ’∞fi Ú∆ ω≈ «ÁºÂ≈ ‹≈Ú∂ ?””

Áπ¡≈Ò∂ ‘Ø ’ج∆ ÏøÁ≈ Í«øÁ≈ Â∂ ‘À È‘∆∫ !”” Ï∆Ï∆ ’«‘‰ Òº◊∆ :

““’∞fi Ú∆ ω≈ «ÁºÂ≈ ‹≈¬∂ !”” ¿∞‘Ȫ ÁøÁ∆¡ª «ÚÒ∑’∆¡ªÕ ““Í √≈ÊØ∫ √≈‚≈ √ØÈ≈ È≈ ÷Ø«‘¡≈ ‹≈Ú∂Õ””

““Ú∆Ø! ÓÀ∫ Â∂ ¡º◊∂ ¬∆ ¡≈͉∂ ÿÚ≈Ò∂ Á≈ ¤≈‘ Ú∂Ò≈ «⁄’∆ Ò¬∆ ͬ∆ ‹≈È∆ ¡ªÕ

Â∂ ¿∞‘Ȫ ˘ ÷ØÂ∂ ω≈ «ÁºÂ≈ «◊¡≈Õ Ïø«Á¡ª ÂØ∫ ÷ØÂ∂ ω ‹≈‰ Â∂ ¿∞‘ È≈ ج∂, È≈

Ó∂∂ ’ØÒ ÷Ò؉ Á≈ Ú’Â Â∂ «Ú‘Ò È‘∆∫ Í Â∞‘≈‚∆ «Ó≥È Ú∆ ÓÀ∫ Ó≥ȉØ∫ «ÏȪ «‘

«ÚÒ’∂, È≈ ¿∞‘Ȫ Óπ¡≈Î∆ Ó≥◊∆Õ È≈ ÂΩÏ≈ «ÂºÒ∆ ’∆Â∆ √◊Ø∫ ¿∞‘ ÷ØÂ∂ Ï‰È Â∂ Ï‘πÂ

È‘∆∫ √’Á∆Õ Â∞√∆∫ ÿπÒØ∫ ÓÀ∫ Â∞‘≈‚∆ ÓπÈ≈«√¯∆ ˜»∆ ’ª◊∆!”” Â∂ ˙√ ÁØÚ∂∫ ÿπÒÁ∂

÷πÙ √ÈÕ ¿∞‘Ȫ Á≈ √ØÈ≈ Â∂ ¿∞‘Ȫ Á∂ ’ØÒ «‘ «◊¡≈, ÷»È Í√∆È∂ Á∆ ¿∞È∑ª Á∆

Í«‘ÒÚ≈È ¡≈͉∆ ÂÒ∆ ¿∞Â∂ ⁄≈Û∑ Ò¬∂ Â∂ ¡≈͉∂ ≈‘ Â∞ ͬ∆.....Õ

’Ó≈¬∆Õ ¿∞‘ ¡º◊∂ Úª◊ √Ú∂∂ ¿∞µ· ’∂ Óº÷‰, ‹ÀÓ, ‡Ø√‡ Â∂ Î≈¬∆ ¡º«‚¡ª Á≈

’‘≈‰∆ Â∂ ¡◊ª‘ Ú∆ ⁄ÒÁ∆ ¬∂ Í ÓÀ∫ ¬∂Ê∂ ¬∆ Óπ’≈¿∞È≈ ¡ª, «’¿∞∫ ‹Ø ¡√Ò ◊ºÒ

È≈ÙÂ≈ ’Á∂Õ Ó√‚∆˜ ’≈ª «Ú⁄ ⁄Û∑Á∂ ....∂ÙÓ Â∂ ’∆Óı≈Ï ‘ø„≈¿∞∫Á∂.....≈ª ˘

Â∂ √≈‘Ó‰∂ ¡≈¬∆ ¬∂Õ”” ’‘≈‰∆ √π‰≈¿∞‰ Ú≈Ò∂ ’‘≈‰∆ Óπ’≈¿∞∫«Á¡ª ⁄‘πø¡ª √π‰È

¬∂¡ ’ø‚∆ÙÈ‚ ’Ó«¡ª «Ú⁄ ¯ØÓ Á∂ «Ï√«¡ª ¿∞Â∂ √Ω∫Á∂.....¡º· ¡º· ’È≈Ò

Ú≈«Ò¡ª ÚºÒ Ú∂÷ ’∂ ¡≈«÷¡≈Õ

Á∆¡ª ’Ø·∆¡ª «Ú⁄ «‘øÁ∂Õ ‘ª ¿∞È∑ª ¡≈͉∆¡ª Ò◊≈Óª Â∂ ÍÒ≈‰∂ √ØÈ∂ Á∂ Â∂ fiØÒª

““Ó≥È ÒÀ‰ Ú≈Ò∆ ◊ºÒ ¬∂ !”” ⁄‘ø㭦 √π‰È Ú≈«Ò¡ª «¬’ ˜Ï≈È ‘Ø ’∂ «’‘≈Õ

∂ÙÓ Á∆¡ª ω≈ Ò¬∆¡ª √È...Â∂ Ïø«Á¡≈¬∆ ◊Ú≈ ’∂ ¿∞‘Ȫ ˘ ÌØ≈ Ú∆ «‘ı È‘∆∫

Â∆‹∂ ¡≈«÷¡≈ :

√∆, Ó≈√≈ Ú∆ ¡¯√Ø√ È‘∆∫ √∆Õ

Ï≈’∆ √¯≈ AI ”Â∂


Parivartan December 2013


““±ø ◊ºÒ Ìπø‹∂ ¬∆ Ȭ∑∆∫ «‚º◊‰ «ÁøÁ∆Õ ¡ÀÚ∂∫ «’√∂ Ó≈√‰ Úª◊ ÚÀ‰ ’≈‘˘ Í≈¬∆ ‹≈È∆∫ ¬∂∫?”” ““ÓÀ∫ ÚÀ‰ È≈ Í≈Úª ª ‘Ø ’∆ «Ú¡≈‘ Á∂ ◊∆ ◊≈Úª? Â∂∂ ’≈«¡ª ’’∂ ÿ ”⁄ Ìø◊ Ìπº‹Á∆ ͬ∆ ¬∂Õ ¡À∫ Áº√, Ò≈‡∆¡ª Í≈ ’∂ «’øÈ∂ ’∞ ÒØ’ Â’ ◊¬∂? «¬‘ ª ⁄ø◊∂ ÌÒ∂ ¡≈ÁÓ∆ ˘ «È’øÓ≈ ω≈¿∞‰ Ú≈Ò∆ ◊ºÒ ¬∂Õ ÒØ’ª ˘ √πÍÈ∂ «Ú÷≈¿∞‰∂ √’≈ª Á∂ ’øÓ ‘πøÁ∂ È∂Õ ÂÀ˘ Ú∆ ÍÂ≈ ¬∂, Ò≈‡∆¡ª Í≈¿∞‰ Ú≈«Ò¡ª Á∂ ’¬∆ ÿ, ’≈ØÏ≈ ÂÏ≈‘ ‘Ø ⁄πº’∂ È∂Õ ÓÀ∫ Â∂∂ ¡º◊∂ ‘ºÊ ‹ØÛÁ∆ ¡ª «’ ±ø «¬‘ ’øÓ È≈ ’«¡≈ ’Õ”” ““¿∞È∑ª ÒØ’ª Á∂ ÿ Â∂ ’≈ØÏ≈ ÏÏ≈Á ‘πøÁ∂ È∂, «‹‘Û∂ «ÈºÂ Ò≈‡∆¡ª Í≈¿π∫Á∂ È∂Õ ’Á∂ ’Á≈¬∆∫ ’ج∆ «‡’‡ ı∆Á‰ È≈Ò ’ج∆ ¯’ È‘∆∫ ÍÀ∫Á≈Õ”” ““«¬‘ ª ¿∞‘∆ ◊ºÒ ‘ج∆ «’ ’Á∂ ’Á∂ Ù≈Ï Á≈ ÍÀµ◊ Í∆‰ È≈Ò ’ج∆ ¯’ È‘∆∫ ÍÀ∫Á≈Õ «Î «¬’ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á Á»‹≈, «Î Â∆‹≈, ⁄ΩÊ≈ ....Â∂ «Î ÍÀµ◊ ”Â∂ ÍÀµ◊Õ «¬√ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á Í‹≈Ó≈ «’Â∂, ͺ◊ «’Â∂Õ ÓÀ∫ √‘∂ ˘ È‘∆∫ Ø∫Á∆, Í‘∂ ˘ Ø∫Á∆ ¡ªÕ”” ““ÓÀ˘ ¡º‹ Â’ √Ófi È‘∆∫ ¡≈¬∆ «’ Âø» Ó∂∂ ÚÒØ∫ ’∆Â∂ «’√∂ ’øÓ Á∆ Â≈∆¯ «’¿∞∫ È‘∆∫ ’Á∆?”” ËøÈ ’Ω È∂ È«‘Ò∂ ”Â∂ Á«‘Ò≈ Ë«Á¡ª «’‘≈, ““±ø ’Á∂ ’ج∆ Â≈∆¯ Ú≈Ò≈ ’øÓ Ú∆ ’∆Â≈ ¬∂Õ ÓÀ∫ ª ’«‘øÈ∆ ¡ª, Ï∂Û∆ Ï«‘ ‹≈¬∂ «Ú⁄ØÒ∂ Á∆, «‹‘È∂ ¡ÀÈ∂ «Ú⁄ ˙‘Ò∂ º÷∂Õ ¡÷∂, Óπø‚≈ ª ÏÛ≈ Ï∆Ï≈ ¬∂Õ ‘ºÁ Á‹∂ Á≈ √≈¿± ¬∂Õ ÍÂ≈ ¬∆ ¿∞ÁØ∫ Òº«◊¡≈ , ‹ÁØ∫ ÓÀ∫ Èß◊ª Á∂ ÿ∂ «Ú¡≈‘∆ ¡≈¬∆ «’ Óπø‚≈ Ìø◊ Ú∆ Í∆∫Á≈ ¬∂ Â∂ Ù≈Ï Ú∆Õ Ì¬∆¡ª Úª◊» ÂÓ≈’± ⁄»È∂ È≈Ò Ó»ø‘ Ú∆ Ì∆ º÷Á≈ ¬∂Õ ‹»¡≈ Ú∆ ÷∂‚Á≈ ¬∂Õ Ú∂ πÛ∑ ‹≈«‰¡≈Õ ˜Ó≈È∂ Ì Á∂ √≈∂ ¡ÀÏ Â∂∂ ”⁄ √ÈÕ ‹∂’ ÓÀ∫ √ıÂ≈¬∆ È≈ ÚÂÁ∆ ª ÍÂ≈ È‘∆∫ ÿ ”⁄ ̪‚∂ Â∂ Ó≥‹∂ «Ï√Â∂ Ú∆ Ï⁄‰∂ √È ‹ª È‘∆∫? ±ø ª ˜Ó∆È Ú∂⁄ Ú∂⁄ ’∂ ¡≈͉∂ ¡ÀÏ Í»∂ ’ Ò¬∂Õ”” Â≈» ÓºÒ ÓºÒ Ú∆∫ «‹‘∆ ‹∆Ì ÏπºÒ∑ª ”Â∂ Î∂ ’∂ ÏØ«Ò¡≈, ““ËøÈ ’∞∂, ±ø ’ج∆ «¯’ È≈ ’Õ Ï√ «¬’ Ú∂ª ¡≈͉∆ Ò≈‡∆ ÷πºÒ∑ ‹≈‰ Á∂Õ «Î ËøÈ ËøÈ ‘Ø ‹≈¿±◊∆Õ ¡≈ͪ «¬’ Ù≈ÈÁ≈ Úº‚≈ √≈≈ Ó’≈È ¤ºÂª◊∂Õ «¬’ ÚË∆¡≈ ’≈ ÒÚª◊∂Õ «¬’ ÓØÏ≈¬∆Ò ÎØÈ Â∂∂ ’ØÒ ‘ØÚ∂◊≈, Á»‹≈ Ó∂∂ ’ØÒÕ ¡≈͉∂ «È¡≈‰∂ ÚË∆¡≈ «‹‘∂ √’±Ò ”⁄ ÍÛ∑È◊∂Õ”” ““Ï√, Ï√ «‘‰ Á∂ Ù∂÷ «⁄ºÒ∆¡≈Õ ÓÀ∫ ª ’«‘øÈ∆ ¡ª √≈‚∆ √’≈∆ ‹»¡≈ ÷∂‚‰ Ú≈Ò∆ Ó≈ÈÂ≈ ÍÃ≈Í Í⁄∆ Ì≈Ú Ò≈‡∆ Á∆ «‡’‡ ‹ÁØ∫ ËøÈ ’Ω Á∂ ‘ºÊ ¡≈¬∆ ª ¿∞√ È∂ ÿ «Ú⁄ «Íº‡ «√¡≈Í≈ Í≈ «ÁºÂ≈Õ ¿∞‘ ¡≈͉∂ ÿÚ≈Ò∂

Ò≈‡∆ È≈ ‘∆ ÷πºÒ∑∂ ª ⁄ø◊≈ ¬∂Õ”” ““Áπ «Îº‡∂ Ó»ø‘ Â∂∂ ‹øÓ‰ Á∂Õ ¿∞‘ «’¿∞∫?””

˘ «ÚØË∆ «Ë Á∂ È∂Â≈ Úª◊ ◊≈Ò∑ª ’º„‰ Òº◊ ͬ∆, ““Ú∂ ‚∞ºÏ ‹≈«‰¡≈! ±ø ¡≈‘ ’∆

““Ú∂ ‚∞ºÏ ‹≈«‰¡≈, ±ø ¿∞‘ ıÏ È‘∆∫ ÍÛ∑∆ ¡ıÏ≈ «Ú⁄? «¬’ ¡≈ÁÓ∆ Á∆ Òº÷ª

’≈∂ ’È Òº◊ «Í¡≈ ¬∂∫? «‹‘Û∂ ÒØ’ Ò≈‡∆¡ª Í≈¿∞∫Á∂ È∂, ¿∞‘ ¡º‹ Ú∆ ‚∞ºÏ∂, ’µÒ

π«Í¡ª Á∆ Ò≈‡∆ «È’Ò ¡≈¬∆Õ ¿∞√ È∂ √≈∂ πͬ∆¬∂ ’ØÒ È≈ º÷ ’∂, √◊Ø∫ ¡≈͉∂

Ú∆ ‚∞ºÏ∂Õ Ú∂ πÛ∑ ‹≈«‰¡ªÕ ¡’Ò ÂØ∫ ’øÓ ÒÀÕ Â∂∂ È«Ù¡ª È∂ ª Í«‘Òª ¬∆ ÿ Á≈

⁄≈⁄∂ Â≈«¬¡ª ˘ Ú∆ ’¬∆ ‘˜≈ πͬ∆¬∂ Á∂ «ÁºÂ∂Õ””

Ï∂Û≈ ◊◊ ’ ”Â≈Õ ‘π‰ Ò≈‡∆¡ª Í≈ ’∂ «‘øÁ∆ ÷»‘øÁ∆ ’√ Ú∆ Í»∆ ’È∆ ¬∂∫?””

““«Î ’∆ ‘Ø«¬¡≈?””

¿∞‘ ÿ Ú≈Ò∂ Â≈» ÓºÒ È∂ ¿∞‘Á∂ ‘ºÊØ∫ Ò≈‡∆ Á∆ «‡’‡ ÷Ø‘«Á¡ª «’‘≈, ““±ø ’Á∂

““’∞fi «ÁȪ Ï≈¡Á ¿∞‘∆ «ÙÂ∂Á≈ ¿∞‘Á∂ ÿ ¡≈‰ ÚÛ∂ Â∂ ’«‘‰ Òº◊∂ «’ √≈˘

ÓÀ˘ ⁄º‹ Á∆ ◊≈Ò∑ ª ’º«„¡≈ ’, ‘ Ú∂Ò∂ “‚∞ºÏ ‹≈‰≈”, “πÛ∑ ‹≈‰≈” ’«‘øÁ∆ «‘øÈ∆

’≈ª, Ó؇√≈¬∆’Ò, ÓØÏ≈¬∆Ò ÎØÈ ÒÀ ’∂ Á∂Õ «¬√ ◊ºÒ ÂØ∫ ¿∞È∑ª Á∆ ÒÛ≈¬∆ ‘Ø Í¬∆ Â∂

¬∂∫Õ √Ì ÒØ’ª ˘ ÍÂ≈ ¬∂ «’ Ó∂≈ Ȫ ‚∞ºÏ ‹ª πÛ∑ ‹≈‰≈ È‘∆∫Õ Ó∂≈ Ȫ Â≈» ¬∂ Â≈»Õ

¿∞È∑ª «ÙÂ∂Á≈ª È∂ ¡≈ÁÓ∆ Â∂ ¿∞√ Á∆ ÿÚ≈Ò∆ ˘ ¡ÀÈ≈ ’∞ø«‡¡≈, ¡ÀÈ≈ ’∞º«‡¡≈ «’

ͺ‰ª Á≈ Â≈»Õ Â∂ ±ø......?””

ÁØ‘ª ˘ ‘√ÍÂ≈Ò ”⁄ ÌÂ∆ ’≈¿∞‰≈ ÍÀ «◊¡≈Õ ’¬∆ ‘º‚∆¡ª ‡πº‡ ◊¬∆¡ªÕ

““‘ø».....! ͺ‰ª Á≈ Â≈»? ¡≈͉∆ ◊Ò∆ Ú≈Ò∆ È≈Ò∆ ÂÀÊØ∫ ‡ºÍ Ȭ∑∆∫ ‘πøÁ∆Õ Îº‡≈ º÷ ’∂ ¶ÿÁ≈ ¬∂∫Õ”” ““±ø Ó∂∆ ◊ºÒ «Ë¡≈È È≈Ò √π‰Õ √’≈ È∂ ’ØÛÍÂ∆ ω≈¿∞‰ Á≈ Ú≈¡Á≈ ’∆Â≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈Õ «¬√ ’’∂ ÓÀ∫ «¬‘ Ò≈‡∆ Á∆ «‡’‡ ı∆Á∆ ¬∂Õ”” ““Â∂∂ ”’ºÒ∂ È≈Ò ¬∆ Ú≈¡Á≈ ’∆Â≈ √’≈ È∂ «’ ‘Ø ÒØ’ª È≈Ò Ú∆ «¬‘ Ú≈¡Á≈ ’∆Â≈?””

““ËøÈ ’∞∂, ’∆ «¬‘ √º⁄ ¬∂?”” ““ÒÀ, ÓÀ∫ ’ج∆ fi»· ’«‘øÈ∆ ¡ª? ¡≈͉∂ ’ØÒØ∫ È‘∆∫ ’∞º‡ ÷≈ ‘؉∆Õ”” ““ËøÈ ’∞∂, «Î ª √’≈ ˘ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ¬∂ «’ «‹Ú∂∫ Ù≈Ï Á∆ ‘∂’ ÏØÂÒ ¿∞Í «Ò«÷¡≈ ‘πøÁÀ, Ù≈Ï Í∆‰∆ «√‘ Ҭ∆ ‘≈È∆’≈’ ¬∂, ¿±Ú∂∫ ‘∆ Ò≈‡∆ Á∆ ‘∂’ «‡’‡ ¿∞Í «Ò÷Ú≈ Á∂Ú∂, Ò≈‡∆ Á∆ «‡’‡ ı∆Á‰∆ «√‘ Ҭ∆ ‘≈È∆’≈’ ‘Ø √’Á∆ ‘ÀÕ Ï∂Ùº’ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ÿ ”⁄ ÷πÙ‘≈Ò∆ ¡≈Ú∂ ‹ª È≈ ¡≈Ú∂Õ””

ȱ √øÂØ÷Íπ∆


Parivartan December 2013


THOUGH Prime Minister

neously organised hot tea

Jawaharlal Nehru was not in-

and snacks at the work site

clined to state patronage to any

every mid-morning as also in

religious observances, some

the afternoons.

of his chief ministers held

Shortly, the Chief Minister

strong views to the contrary. So

also shifted to Allahabad to

when it was time for the first

personally oversee the prepa-

MahaKumbh of Independent

rations. And one fine morning,

India in the late 1950s,

the Chief Minister spoke to the

DrSampurananand, the Chief

Army Commander and re-

Minister of UP pleaded with

quested him to meet him at

and persuaded the PM to en-

Allahabad. After exchanging

trust the Indian Army with the

pleasantries, the CM’s tenor

cleaning up of the river bed at

suddenly turned grave and he

the Sangam-confluence and


especially for the ShahiSnaan,

hamean khubar milee hay ka

during the grand finale. And

jawan sharaab peeta hayn

thus the dice was cast and the

aur bakra ka mass bhi khate

custom prevails to this day, I

hayn. Is pavittar asthan par



In those days, the head-





bardasht naheen kar saktay”.

quarters of the Eastern Army

Naturally, the General was

Command was located at

taken aback but gaining his

Lucknow and Lieut General

composure, he sent for the

Sant Singh was the GOC-in-C.

Subedar Major. And that vet-

The General belonged to the

eran of WW II and of the 1947-

Sikh Regiment and in keeping

48 war in J&K stood his

with the Army traditions, the

ground and replied, “Regi-

security, ceremonial and ad-

mental Medical Officer kah

ministrative needs of the GOC-

ukam hay Sahib kay jo Jawan

in-C were entrusted to one of

ek ghantay se ziyada daryaa

the Sikh Battalions. As a bulk

kay paani maen rehta hay,

of the Eastern Army was opera-

oos ko har roz, 6 ounce rum

tionally deployed in countering

pilayi jayegi. Aur bakra ka

insurgency in Nagaland, so the

maas, har haftay maen do

MahaKumbh task was as-

bar jawano kay ration me

signed to two companies of

authorised hay aur zaroor

the Sikh Battalion at Lucknow.

peeta aur khatay hain,

Not leaving anything to


chance, the Commanding Of-

General Sant Singh sug-

ficer with the Subedar Major

gested to the Chief Minister

moved to Allahabad and

that it will neither be appropri-

camped under tents, close to

ate to countermand medical

their work site. The task was

advice nor deny jawans legiti-

not limited to the mere cleaning of the site but also putting in place

mate ration. And thus ended once of a kind confabulation between

a fail-safe, safety and rescue regime. And all of this in about ten

a General and anHon’ble Chief Minister.

days flat. As always, the jawans took up the challenge with gusto, strip-

“Sow a thought, reap an action; sow an action, reap a habit;

ping down to their drawers and wading chest-deep in icy-cold

sow a habit, reap a character;

waters, in mid-winter. Citizens of Allahabad were most apprecia-

sow a character, reap a destiny.”

tive of the jawans dedication to the job-in-hand and they sponta-

byLieut Gen (retd) Baljit Singh


Parivartan December 2013

«‹¿±‰ ‹≈⁄

’ج∆ Ú∆ ÓÈ∞º÷ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈Í «Úº⁄ Í»È È‘∆∫ ‘πøÁ≈Õ Úº‚∂ ÂØ∫ Úº‚∂ «ÁÓ≈◊ Á∆¡ª Ú∆ √∆Ó≈Úª ‘πøÁ∆¡ª ‘ÈÕ ‘ÎÈÓΩÒ≈ ’∂ÚÒ ÙÏÁ’ØÙ «Ú⁄ «ÓÒ‰ Ú≈Ò≈ «¬’ ÙÏÁ ‘À, ‹∆ÚÈ Á≈ ÔÊ≈Ê È‘∆∫Õ «¬‘ ‘Ø ‘∆ È‘∆∫ √’Á≈ «’ ’ج∆ «Ú¡’Â∆ «ÏȪ «’√∂ Á∆ √Ò≈‘ Ò¬∂ ‘ √Ó∂∫ ¡Â∂ ‘ ÍÃ√«ÊÂ∆ «Ú⁄ √‘∆ ÎÀ√Ò≈ ÒÀ √’∂Õ ⁄Ø÷∆ ϺπË∆ ¡Â∂ ¡È∞ÌÚ Á∂ Ó≈Ò’ Ú∆ ‹Á «’√∂ Á∆ √Ò≈‘ Á∆ ÍÃÚ≈‘ È‘∆∫ ’Á∂ ¡Â∂ ¡≈Í‘πÁ∂ ‘Ø ‹ªÁ∂ ‘È Âª ’¬∆ Ú≈ ¿∞‘ ¡«‹‘∂ ◊Ò ÎÀ√Ò∂ ÒÀ ÏÀ·Á∂ ‘È «’ ¿∞È∑ª Á∆ √≈Ë≈È √»fi Ï»fi ”Â∂ Ú∆ Ùº’ ‘؉ Òº◊ ÍÀ∫Á≈ ‘ÀÕ √Ò≈‘ ÓÙÚ∂ È≈Ò «Ò¡≈ «◊¡≈ ’ج∆ Ú∆ ÎÀ√Ò≈ ‘Ó∂Ù≈ ‘∆ «¬’ Íπ÷∆ ¡Â∂ √Ò≈‘ «‘ ÎÀ√Ò∂ È≈ÒØ∫ ÚË∂∂ Â’√ø◊ ¡Â∂ √‘∆ ‘؉ Á∆ √øÌ≈ÚÈ≈ º÷Á≈ ‘ÀÕ Ì≈Ú∂∫ √»‹ Á∆ ΩÙÈ∆ Úª◊ √Ò≈‘ ¡’√ ÓπΠ«ÓÒ √’Á∆ ‘À Í ’∞fi ¡«ÌÓ≈È∆ ¡Â∂ ¡’Ò «Ú‘»‰∂ ÒØ’ ¡≈͉∂ ÓÈ Á∂ Ï»‘∂ Ï≈∆¡ª ÏøÁ º÷’∂ «¬√ ÂØ∫ «ÚÚ∂ «‘ ‹ªÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ Á≈«ÈÙÓ≥Á ‘Ó∂Ù≈ ‘∆ √Ò≈‘ ÒÀ∫Á∂ ¡Â∂ «ÁøÁ∂ «‘øÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ «¬‘ ‘∆ ¿∞È∑ª Á∆ Á≈«ÈÙÓ≥Á∆ ¡Â∂ ÏπºË∆Ó≈È∆ Á≈ ≈‹ ‘πøÁ≈ ‘ÀÕ √Ò≈‘’≈ ¡Â∂ √Ò≈‘∆¬∂ √Ò≈‘ Á∂ ÁØ ÍÃÓπº÷ √ØÓ∂ Ó≥È∂ ‹≈ √’Á∂ ‘È ¡Â∂ ÒØÛ ¡È∞√≈ «’√∂ ÂØ∫ √Ò≈‘ ÍÃ≈Í ’∆Â∆ ‹≈ √’Á∆ ‘ÀÕ √Ò≈‘∆¬∂ ¡Â∂ √Ò≈‘’≈ª «Ú⁄ ’∞fi √πÌ≈«Ú’ ¡≥Â ‘πøÁ∂ ‘È «‹Ú∂∫ «’ √Ò≈‘∆¬∂

√Ó≈‹ «Ú⁄ «Ú⁄Á∂ ÓÈ∞º÷ ˘ ’ÁÓ ’ÁÓ ”Â∂ √Ò≈‘∆¡ª Á∆ ÒØ Û Ó«‘√»√ ‘πøÁ∆ ‘ÀÕ ⁄ø◊≈ √Ò≈‘∆¡≈ ÒºÌ ‹≈Ú∂ ª ϺÒ∂ ϺÒ∂ ‘Ø ‹ªÁ∆ ‘ÀÕ Ó≈Û≈ √Ò≈‘∆¡≈ ÒºÌ ‹≈Ú∂ ª È∞’√≈È Ú∆ ‘Ø √’Á≈ ‘ÀÕ «’√∂ ˘ Óª‘ Ï≈Á∆ Â∂ «’√∂ ˘ √Ú≈Á∆ Á∆ ’‘≈Ú ¡È∞√≈ «’√∂ √Ò≈‘ ˘ ¡ÓÒ «Úº⁄ «Ò¡≈¿∞‰ ÂØ∫ Í«‘Ò≈ √Ófi ÒÀ‰≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ‘À «’ «’√∂ È∂ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ÂØ∫ Î≈«¬Á≈ ÒÀ‰ Ò¬∆ ª È‘∆∫ √Ò≈‘ «ÁºÂ∆ ¡Â∂ «¬‘ Ú∆ Ô≈Á º÷Ø «’ ¡√∆∫ √Ò≈‘ ÒÀ‰∆ ‘À Í ¡ø « ÂÓ ÎÀ √ Ò≈ ÷π Á ÒÀ‰≈Õ

Ó∞ Î Â √∂ Ú ≈ ’Á∂ ‘È ‹Á «’ √Ò≈‘’≈ ¡≈͉∆ √Ò≈‘ Ò¬∆ «¬Ú˜≈È≈ ⁄≈‘ø π Á ∂ ‘ÈÕ √Ò≈‘’≈ «ÚÙ∂Ù ÷∂Â «Úº⁄ ÔØ◊Â≈ ¡Â∂ Óπ‘≈ º÷‰ Ú≈Ò∂ «Ú¡’Â∆ ‘πøÁ∂ ‘È ‹Á «’ √Ò≈‘∆¬∂ «’√∂ ¡«‹‘∆ ÔØ◊Â≈ ¡Â∂ Óπ‘≈ Á∂ «ÏȪ ‘∆ ‘ «ÚÙ∂ ”Â∂ √Ò≈‘ Á∂ √’Á∂ ‘ÈÕ √Ò≈‘’≈ª Á∆ √Ò≈‘ √Ó∆, Â’ Ú≈Ò∆ ¡Â∂ ÂºÊ ¡≈Ë≈ ‘πøÁ∆ ‘À ‹Á «’ √Ò≈‘∆¬∂ √Ò≈‘ «ÁøÁ∂ √Ó∂∫ ¡’√ ◊À √Ó∆ ¡Â∂ ‹˜Ï≈Â∆ ‘Ø ’∂ «Ú⁄Á∂ ‘ÈÕ Í∂ Ù ≈Ú √Ò≈‘’≈ª È∂ ʪ ʪ ”Â∂ ¡≈͉∂ √Ò≈‘ ÁÎÂ ÷Ø Ò ∑ ∂ ‘Ø ¬ ∂ ‘ÈÕ «¬‘ ‹≈«¬Á≈Á, ’≈ØÏ≈, π˜◊≈, «√‘Â, √π‘ºÍ‰, «’√ÓÂ, «Ú¡≈‘ Ù≈Á∆ ¡≈«Á «Ú«Ù¡ª Á∂ √Ïø Ë «Ú⁄ ¡≈͉∆ «ÈË≈« Î∆√ ÒÀ ’∂ Ó≈«‘ª Ú‹Ø∫ √Ò≈‘ Óπ‘º¬∆¡≈ ’Ú≈¿∞∫Á∂ ‘ÈÕ «‹È∑ª ˘ «¬È∑ª Á∆ √Ò≈‘ ≈√ ¡≈ ‹ªÁ∆ ‘À

¿∞È∑ª Á∂ ÍΩ Ï≈ª ‘Ø ‹ªÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ √Ò≈‘’≈ª Á∆ √Ì ÂØ∫ ÚºË ÒØÛ, «√¡≈√ÂÁ≈Ȫ ¡Â∂ ¿∞µ⁄ ¡«Ë’≈∆¡ª ˘ ‘πøÁ∆ ‘À «’¿∞∫«’ ¿∞È∑ª Áπ¡≈≈ Ò¬∂ ◊¬∂ ÎÀ√Ò∂ √Ó≈‹ Á∂ «’√∂ È≈ «’√∂ Ú◊ ˘ ÍÃÌ≈«Ú ’Á∂ ‘ÈÕ ’¬∆ Ú≈ √Óπº⁄∂ √Ó≈‹ Á∆ ‘؉∆ Ú∆ ¿∞È∑ª Á∂ ÎÀ√«Ò¡ª È≈Ò ‹πÛ∆ ‘Ø √’Á∆ ‘ÀÕ «¬‘∆ ’≈È ‘À «’ ‘ È∂Â≈ ¡Â∂ ¿∞µ⁄ ¡«Ë’≈∆ È∂ ¡≈͉∆ Áπ¡≈Ò∂ √Ò≈‘’≈ª Á∆ Ì∆Û «¬’º·∆ ’∆Â∆ ‘ج∆ ‘πøÁ∆ ‘ÀÕ «¬‘ Úº÷∆ ◊ºÒ ‘À «’ «¬È∑ª «Ú⁄Ø∫ Ï‘π «◊‰Â∆ √Ò≈‘’≈ ⁄≈ͨ√ ¡Â∂ ‹∆ ‘˜»∆¬∂ ‘∆ «√ºË ‘πøÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ ¡«‹‘∂ √Ú≈Ê∆ √Ò≈‘’≈ª È∂ ÏÊ∂«¡ª Á∆ ͺ ´‘≈¬∆ ‘À ¡Â∂ ̺·≈ «Ï·≈«¬¡≈ ‘ÀÕ “√≈‚≈ √Ì ÂØ∫ ÚºË Ú≈‘ √≈‚∂ √Ò≈‘∆¡ª È≈Ò ÍÀ∫Á≈ ‘ÀÕ «¬‘ √Ò≈‘∆¬∂ √≈‚≈ √Ó≈«‹’ √‘≈≈ ωÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ ¡≈͉∆ ÏπºË∆, ¡È∞ÌÚ ¡Â∂ √≈ËȪ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á «¬‘ Ú∆ √≈‚∂ ÎÀ√«Ò¡ª ˘ «ÈË≈« ’Á∂ ‘ÈÕ «¬’ √»fiÚ≈È ¡Â∂ Á» ¡≥Á∂Ù «ÓºÂ ¡ÊÚ≈ «ÙÂ∂Á≈ ¡≈͉∆ √π⁄º‹∆, √π«‘Á ¡Â∂ √ø‹∆Á≈ √Ò≈‘ Áπ¡≈≈ √≈‚∆ √Ø⁄ ˘ «ÚÚ‘≈«’, √≈‚∂ ÎÀ√Ò∂ ˘ √≈«Ê’, √≈‚∂ ’≈‹ ˘ √π‘∂ÒÛ≈ ¡Â∂ ‹∆ÚÈ ˘ ÷πÙ◊Ú≈ ω≈ √’Á≈ ‘ÀÕ √≈‚∆ ‘ ‘ª «Ú⁄ ‘ª «ÓÒ≈¿∞‰ Ú≈Ò≈ «Ú¡’Â∆ √≈‚≈ √º⁄≈ «‘ÂÀÙ∆ È‘∆∫ ‘Ø √’Á≈Õ ¿∞‘ ⁄ø◊≈ √Ò≈‘∆¡≈ Ú∆ «√ºË È‘∆∫ ‘Ø √’Á≈Õ ⁄ø◊≈ √Ò≈‘∆¡≈ ⁄ø◊∂ ’øÓ «Ú⁄

Í≈«’√Â≈È∆ Íø‹≈Ï∆ ’‘≈‰∆

Parivartan December 2013


’‘≈‰∆ “Ó≈⁄≈” Í∂‹ AE Á≈ Ï≈’∆ «‘æ√≈ : ¿∞‘ ¡º◊∂ Úª◊ ‡∆‡‰∂ Ó≈Á∂ «ÎÁ∂.....Ïø«Á¡≈¬∆ ¿∞‘Ȫ ’ØÒ ¡º◊∂ ‘À Ú∆ «’ßÈ∆ ’∞ √∆? «¬’ Ù’ÒØ √» ¬∆ Ïø«Á¡ª Ú≈Ò∆ √∆ Â∂ √ØÈ≈ ‹∂ ͺÒ∂ ‘ØÚ∂ ª Ù’Ò √» Á≈ ’∆ ‘πøÁ≈ ¬∂ ? Â∂ Ú∂÷Á≈ ’Ω‰ ¬∂, ¿∞‘ √Ø⁄ ’∂ ÷πÙ ‘πøÁ∂ ͬ∆ ¿∞‘Ȫ ¯≈«¬Á∂ Á≈ √ΩÁ≈ ’∆Â≈ Â∂ √√Â∂ ¤∞º‡ ◊¬∂ !”” ’‘≈‰∆ √π‰≈¿∞‰ Ú≈Ò∂ È∂ ’‘≈‰∆ Óπ’≈¬∆ Â∂ ‘¿∞’≈ Ì«¡≈Õ ¿∞‘Á∆¡ª ¡º÷ª «Ú⁄ ¡ºÊ» «ÒÙ’Á∂ √È !!! ⁄≈∂ √π‰È Ú≈Ò∂ ’‘≈‰∆ Á∆ ◊øÌ∆Â≈ Á∂ ’Ò≈Ú∂ ”⁄Ø∫ «¬’º·∂ ‘∆ «È’Ò∂ Â∂ Ï∂ Ô’∆È∆ «Ú⁄ «¬’º·∂ ‘∆ ‚«‚¡≈ ͬ∂Õ ““Ó≥ȉ Ú≈Ò∆ ◊ºÒ È‘∆∫Õ”” ““«’‘Û∆ ◊ºÒ Ó≥ȉ Ú≈Ò∆ È‘∆∫ ?”” ’‘≈‰∆ √π‰≈¿∞‰ Ú≈Ò≈ ◊πº√∂ «Ú⁄ ’«‘‰ Òº◊≈ : ““ ’∆ ¿∞‘ ‹˜≈ Â∂ √˜≈ Á≈ Ó≈«Ò’ È‘∆∫ ?”” ““Ï∂Ùº’ ¿∞‘ ‹˜≈ Â∂ √˜≈ Á≈ Ó≈Ò’ ¬∂! ¿∞‘ ‘ ÙÀ¡ Á≈ Ó≈Ò’ ¬∂! ¿∞‘ ‹Ø ⁄≈‘Ú∂ ’ √’Á≈ ¬∂Õ «‹‘˘ ⁄≈‘Ú∂ Óπ¡≈¯ ’ Á∂Ú∂, «‹‘˘ ⁄≈‘Ú∂ √˜≈ Á∂Ú∂Õ”” ““Î∂ ’∆ «Í¤Ò∆¡ª ¿∞Ӻª ˘ È≈ ÎπÓ≈È∆ ¿∞Â∂ √˜≈Úª È‘∆∫ «ÁºÂ∆¡ª ◊¬∆¡ª ?”” ““Ï∂Ùº’ «ÁºÂ∆¡ª ◊¬∆¡ª È∂ !”” ““Î∂ ’∆ «¬‘ √˜≈ ¿∞√ È◊∆ Á∂ ÒØ’ª Á∆¡ª ÏÁ’≈∆¡ª ÂØ∫ ÚºË ¬∂ ?”” ÚºË ÿº‡ Á≈ ¿∞‘ ¡≈Í Ó≈Ò’ ¬∂Õ ‹Ø ⁄≈‘Ú∂ ¯À√Ò≈ ’∂Õ ¡√∆∫ ¡≈÷‰ Ú≈Ò∂ ’Ω‰ ¡≈Õ?”” ““Î∂ ¬∂√ ’‘≈‰∆ «Ú⁄ «’‘Û∆ Ï≈ ¬∂ ‹Ø Ó≥ȉ Ú≈Ò∆ È‘∆∫ ¡≈¬∆ ?”” ““Ϻ√ ¬∂È∆ ’∞ ◊ºÒ «’ Ïø«Á¡ª ÂØ∫ ÷ØÂ∂ ω ‹≈‰ ¿∞Â∂ ¿∞√ È◊∆ Á∂ ÒØ’ª ˘ Ó≈√≈ Ú∆ «‘÷ √≈‚∆ ‘Ω√Ò≈ ¡Î˜≈¬∆ ’Á≈ ‘À ¡Â∂ ◊Ò ’øÓ ’È ÂØ∫ ◊π∂˜ ’È Á∆

È‘∆∫ ‘Ø«¬¡≈Õ Â≈ Ú∆ ¡¯√Ø√ È‘∆∫ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ !”” ⁄≈∂ «¬’º·∂ «ÚÒ’∂Õ

√Ò≈‘ «ÁøÁ≈ ‘ÀÕ ¡«‹‘∂ «Ú¡’Â∆ Áπ¡≈≈ ’‘∆ ◊¬∆ ’ج∆ Ú∆ ’ΩÛ∆ ◊ºÒ

““Ó≈√≈ Ú∆ «‘÷ È‘∆∫ ‘Ø«¬¡≈, Â≈ Ú∆ ¡Î√Ø√ È‘∆∫ ‘Ø«¬¡≈!” ’‘≈‰∆ √π‰≈¿∞‰ Ú≈Ò∂

‹ª «ÁºÂ∆ ◊¬∆ «fiÛ’ Ó»÷ «Ú¡’Â∆ Áπ¡≈≈ ’∆Â∆ ◊¬∆ ÍÃ≤ø√√≈ È≈ÒØ∫

«¬’ ¶Ó≈ ‘Ω’≈ Ì ’∂ «’‘≈ : ““È≈ ¿∞ÁØ∫ √∆, È≈ ‘π‰ ¬∂Õ ‘≈’Ó, ¬∆¡Â, ¡¯√, Ó≈«‘Â,

«’Â∂ ÚºË Ò≈Ì’≈∆ ‘πøÁ∆ ‘ÀÕ «¬’ Ϻ⁄∂ Ò¬∆ ¿∞√ Á∂ Ó≈Â≈ «ÍÂ≈, «¬’

√ΩÁ≈◊, Ú≈‘∆Ú≈È, Ù≈«¬, ¡Á∆Ï, Á≈«ÈÙÚ, Ú’∆Ò, ÓπÈ«√¯, Ó˜Á» ‘ ’ج∆ ıπÙ √∆

«Ú«Á¡≈Ê∆ Ò¬∆ ¿∞√ Á∂ ¡«Ë¡≈Í’ ¡Â∂ «¬’ Ó∆˜ Ò¬∆ ¿∞√ Á∂ ‚≈’‡

Â∂ ÷πÙ ¬∂Õ ¡‹∂ Ú∆ Â∂ ‡∆‡‰∂ Ó≈Á≈ «ÎÁ≈ ¬∂, Ïø«Á¡≈¬∆ ◊Ú≈ ’∂Õ ÏøÁ∂ Á∆ ‹»È ”⁄Ø∫ «È’Ò

√Ì ÂØ∫ ÚË∆¡≈ √Ò≈‘’≈ ‘πøÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ

’∂ ÷ØÂ≈ ω ‹≈‰ Â∂ «’√∂ ˘ Ú∆ Ó≈√≈ ¡¯√Ø√ È‘∆∫Õ √ØÈ≈ ¡‹∂ Ú∆ ¿∞‘Ȫ Á≈ Á∆È ¬∆Ó≈Ó ¬∂,

⁄ø◊∂ «¬È√≈È ¡≈͉∆ ÏπºË∆ ¡Â∂ √Ófi ¡È∞√≈ ‘Ó∂Ù≈ È∂’ √Ò≈‘ ‘∆

√Ì ’∞fi ¬∂Õ””

«ÁøÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ ¿∞È∑ª Á≈ ¿∞Á∂Ù ’∞fi √øÚ≈È≈ ‘πøÁ≈ ‘À, ’∞fi «Ú◊≈ÛÈ≈ È‘∆∫Õ

⁄‘ø㭦 ’‘≈‰∆ √π‰È Ú≈«Ò¡ª Á∆¡ª ¡º÷ª ‘π‰ ⁄Û∑Á∆¡ª ÈÁ∆¡ª Òº◊Á∆¡ª √ÈÕ ÏÛ≈

¿∞‘ ‘ª ͺ÷∆ ¡Â∂ Ï≈ÁÒ∆Ò √Ò≈‘ Á∂ ’∂ «¬’ Ó≈◊ ÁÙ’ Á∆ Ì»«Ó’≈

«⁄ ⁄πºÍ «‘‰ «Í¤Ø∫ ¿∞‘ ⁄≈∂ «¬’º·∂ «¬’ ˜Ï≈È ‘Ø ’∂ ÏØÒ∂ : ““¡¯√Ø√ ÏøÁ∂ Á∆ Ïø«Á¡≈¬∆ Â∂

«ÈÌ≈¿∞∫Á∂ ‘ÈÕ «’¿∞∫«’ √Ò≈‘ Á∂‰ «Ú⁄ ¿∞È∑ª Á≈ ’ج∆ √Ú≈Ê È‘∆∫ ‘πøÁ≈

ÏøÁ∂ Á∂ ¬∂È≈ ʺÒ∂ «‚º◊ ÍÀ‰ Â∂ !””

«¬√ Ò¬∆ ¿∞‘ «’√∂ ˘ ÷πÙ ’È Á∂ ÓÈØÊ È≈Ò √Ò≈‘ È‘∆∫ «ÁøÁ∂Õ ¡√Ò «Ú⁄ √ÎÒÂ≈, √øÂ∞Ù‡∆ ¡Â∂ √«‘‹Â≈ Á≈ ¡«‘√≈√ º÷‰ Ú≈Ò∂ «Ú¡’Â∆ ‘∆ ÚË∆¡≈ √Ò≈‘ Á∂‰ Á∆ √ÓºÊ≈ º÷Á∂ ‘ÈÕ ¿∞È∑ª ˘ «’√∂ È≈Ò √≈Û≈ ‹ª ’∆È≈ È‘∆∫ ‘πøÁ≈Õ ¿∞‘ Á»√«¡ª Á∆ √ÎÒÂ≈˘ ¡≈͉∆

√≈Ú‰ Ì≈ÁØ∫ Á∆ ÁπÍ«‘ ‘؉ ’’∂ ‘Ø‡Ò Á∂ ¬∂¡ ’ø‚∆ÙÈ‚ ‘≈Ò «Ú⁄ Ù Â∂ ΩÒ≈ ÚËÁ≈ ‹ªÁ≈Õ Í≥‹Ú∂∫ πÓ≈Ò È≈Ò ¡º÷ª Í≥»fi ’∂ ¡≈«÷¡≈ : ““¬∂√ ’‘≈‰∆ Ó◊Ø∫ Â∂ ‘π‰ ÓÀ∫ ¡≈͉∆ ’‘≈‰∆ √π‰≈¿∞‰ ‹Ø◊≈ ‘∆ È‘∆∫ Í Â∞‘≈‚∂ ”⁄Ø∫ «’√∂ ’ØÒ «¬’ ÂØÒ≈ √ØÈ≈ ‘À ¬∂ ?””

√ÎÒÂ≈ √ÓfiÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ ¡«‹‘∂ «Ú¡’Â∆ Á∆ «Èͺ÷, Ï∂Ï≈’ ¡Â∂ √π⁄º‹∆

““«¬’ ÂØÒ≈ √ØÈ≈-¿∞‘Á∂ ’≈‘Á∂ Ò¬∆ ?”” ⁄≈ª «¬’ ˜Ï≈È ‘Ø ’∂ Íπº«¤¡≈Õ

√Ò≈‘ «’√∂ «Ú¡’Â∆ Á∂ √Óπº⁄∂ ‹∆ÚÈ ¡ÊÚ≈ ‹∆ÚÈ «ÚÚ‘≈ ˘ ‘∆ ÏÁÒ

““Á√ «Í¡≈Ò∆¡ª ⁄≈‘ Á≈ «ÏºÒ Á∂‰ Ò¬∆Õ””

√’Á∆ ‘ÀÕ

““√≈‚≈ √ØÈ∂ È≈Ò ’∆ ’øÓ ?””

¿∞Á≈‘‰ Ú‹Ø∫ ÓÀ∫ Á√Ú∆∫ Í≈√ ’È ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á «‘√≈ ¡≈¬∆.‡∆.¡≈¬∆. «Ú⁄ Ó∂‡ Ó’À«È’ Á∆ ‡z∂«Èß◊ Ò¬∆ Á≈÷Ò≈ ÒÀ‰ Á≈ Í»≈ ÎÀ√Ò≈ ’ «Ò¡≈ √∆Õ «¬øÈ∂ «Ú⁄ «¬’ ÍÛ∑∂ «Ò÷∂ ¡Â∂ √»fiÚ≈È «Ú¡’Â∆ Á∆ √Ò≈‘ ÒÀ Ò¬∆Õ

““ÁπÈ∆¡ª Á∆ ¬∂√ «Óº‡∆ È≈Ò √≈‚≈ ’∆ ’øÓ ?”” ““·∆’ ¬∂ !”” ¿∞√ ÏÀ∂ ˘ «ÏºÒ «Ò¡≈¿π‰ Á≈ «¬Ù≈≈ ’∆Â∂ Â∂ ¡≈͉∂ ⁄‘ø㭦 √ø◊∆¡ª ˘ «’‘≈ : ““Â∞√∆∫ ⁄ºÒØ ÓÀ∫ «ÏºÒ Á∂ Â∞‘≈˘ ¡≈ Ò‰≈ Úª!””

¿∞√ Á∆ √Ò≈‘ È∂ ÓÀ˘ ¡Â∂ Ó∂∂ Ó≈Â≈ «ÍÂ≈ ˘ «¬øÈ≈ ÍÃÌ≈«Ú ’∆Â≈ «’

¿∞‘Ȫ ”⁄Ø∫ «‹‘Û≈ ¡º÷ª È‘∆∫ √∆ fiÓ’Á≈ Â∂ «‹‘Á∆¡ª ¡º÷ª ◊ØÒ √È, ’«‘‰ Òº◊≈ :

¡√∆∫ ¡≈͉∂ ÎÀ√Ò≈ ÏÁÒ‰ Ò¬∆ Әϻ ‘Ø ◊¬∂Õ

““«ÏºÒ «Áº«Â˙∫ «ÏȪ ‘∆ «÷√’ ⁄ÒÁ∂ ¡ª √≈˘ «’‘Û≈ «’√∂ ÎÛ ÒÀ‰≈ ¬∂ ?””

ÈÂ∆‹∂ Ú‹Ø∫ ¡º‹ ÓÀ∫ «¬’ Ó؇ Ó’À«È’ ‹ª ’≈ ‚≈¬∆Ú ‘؉ Á∆ Ï‹≈¬∂ ’≈Ò‹ «Ú⁄ ¡≥◊∂˜∆ Á≈ ÍÃØÎÀ√ Òº«◊¡≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ ‘ªÕ ¡«‹‘∆ ‘πøÁ∆ ‘À ⁄ø◊∂ √Ò≈‘∆¬∂ Á∆ √Ò≈‘Õ √Ó≈‹ «Ú⁄ «Ú⁄Á∂ ÓÈ∞º÷ ˘ ’ÁÓ ’ÁÓ ”Â∂ √Ò≈‘∆¡ª Á∆ ÒØÛ Ó«‘√»√ ‘πøÁ∆ ‘ÀÕ ⁄ø◊≈ √Ò≈‘∆¡≈ ÒºÌ ‹≈Ú∂ ª ϺÒ∂ ϺÒ∂ ‘Ø ‹ªÁ∆ ‘ÀÕ Ó≈Û≈

Í≥‹Ú∂∫ Á∂ ÓºÊ��� ¿∞µÂ∂ «¬’ Úº‡ «Í¡≈ Í ¿∞√ ÈÓ ”Ú≈‹ «Ú⁄ «’‘≈ : ““¡«‹‘∂ ˺’∂ ËØ‘ Â∂ ‘∂≈ Î∂∆¡ª ¡≈ÁÓ ˜≈«Á¡ª Á≈ ’øÓ ¬∂ √≈‚≈ È‘∆∫Õ”” Î∂ ¿∞‘ ⁄‘ø㭦 ˘ ’«‘‰ Òº◊≈, ““Â∞√∆∫ ⁄ºÒØ Â∂ ÓÀ∫ ¡≈«¬¡≈Õ”” ¿∞‘ ⁄≈∂ ¡º÷ fiÓ’‰ «‹øÈ «⁄ «Ú⁄ ˆ≈«¬Ï ‘Ø ◊¬∂Õ ÏÀ≈ «ÏºÒ ÒÀ ’∂ ¡≈«¬¡≈ ª Í≥‹ª Á∆ ʪ ”’ºÒ≈ ÏÀ·≈ √∆Õ

√Ò≈‘∆¡≈ ÒºÌ ‹≈Ú∂ ª È∞’√≈È Ú∆ ‘Ø √’Á≈ ‘ÀÕ «’√∂ ˘ Óª‘ Ï≈Á∆ Â∂

““«¬’ ÂØÒ≈ √ØÈ≈!”” ÏÀ∂ ⁄∆È∆ Á∆ Úº‚∂ ÍÒ∂‡ «Ú⁄ «ÏºÒ ¿∞‘Á∂ ¡º◊∂ º«÷¡≈Õ ““«¬‘ ÍÒ∂‡

«’√∂ ˘ √Ú≈Á∆ Á∆ ’‘≈Ú ¡È∞√≈ «’√∂ √Ò≈‘ ˘ ¡ÓÒ «Úº⁄ «Ò¡≈¿∞‰

‘ØÚ∂◊∆ ’ج∆ Í≈ ͺ’∂ ’∞ Á∆ ?”” ÏÀ∂ ˘ ◊≈‘’ Á≈ √π¡≈Ò ¡‹∆Ï Òº«◊¡≈Õ «√ «‘Ò≈ ’∂ ’«‘‰

ÂØ∫ Í«‘Ò≈ √Ófi ÒÀ‰≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ‘À «’ «’√∂ È∂ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ÂØ∫ Î≈«¬Á≈ ÒÀ‰ Ò¬∆

Òº◊≈ : ““Í≈ ÂØ∫ ÚË ‘ØÚ∂◊∆ ‹È≈ÏÕ””

ª È‘∆∫ √Ò≈‘ «ÁºÂ∆ ¡Â∂ «¬‘ Ú∆ Ô≈Á º÷Ø «’ ¡√∆∫ √Ò≈‘ ÒÀ‰∆ ‘À Í ¡ø«ÂÓ ÎÀ√Ò≈ ÷πÁ ÒÀ‰≈Õ ÍÃØ: ‘ÍÃ∆ ’Ω, CH, ‹∆. ¡ÀÈ. ¬∆. ’≈Ò‹, ´«Ë¡≈‰≈Õ

““ÒÀ Î∂ !”” ◊≈‘’ ÍÒ∂‡ ÏÀ∂ ˘ ÍÂ≈ «ÁºÂ∆, ÏØ«Ò¡≈, ““⁄∆È∆ Á∆ ÍÒ∂‡ Á≈ ÓπºÒ Â∂ ⁄≈‘ Á≈ «ÏºÒ ‘Ø‡Ò ˘ Á∂ ’∂ Ï≈’∆ ¡≈Í º÷ ÒÚ∆∫Õ”” ‘À≈È ÏÀ∂ Á∂ ‘ºÊ «Ú⁄ «¬’ Í≈√∂ Á∂ √ØÈ∂ Á∆ ÍÒ∂‡ ÎÛ∆ √∆ Â∂ ◊≈‘’ ˆ≈«¬Ï √∆Õ

¡¯˜Ò ¡«‘√È øË≈Ú≈


Parivartan December 2013

Tid Bits

Poems written by WIFE and HUSBAND WIFE I wrote your name on sand it got washed.. I wrote your name in air, it was blown away. Then I wrote your name on my heart & I got Heart Attack. HUSBAND

It’s only humour….. Position of a Husband Is just like a Split AC No matter however Loud he is in the Outdoor He is designed to remain Silent indoor.... “Husband is one who is the head of the family, but his wife is the neck, and whichever way she turns, he goes.”

God saw me hungry, he created pizza.

A man in Hell asked Devil :

He saw me thirsty, he created Pepsi.

Can I make a call to my Wife?

He saw me in the dark, he created light. He saw me without problems, he created YOU. WIFE Twinkle twinkle little star You should know what you are And once you know what you are Mental hospital is not so far HUSBAND The rain makes all things beautiful. The grass and flowers too. If rain makes all things beautiful Why doesn’t it rain on you? WIFE Roses are red; Violets are blue Monkeys like u should be kept in zoo. Don’t feel so angry you will find me there too Not in cage but outside, laughing at you

AND THE SAGA CONTINUES..................... making the life that much colourful!!!!!!!!!

After making call he asked how much to pay. Devil : Nothing, Hell to hell is Free. Husband: Do you know the meaning of WIFE? It means; Without Information, Fighting Every time! Wife: No darling, it means - With Idiot For Ever Wife: I wish I was a newspaper, So I’d be in your hands all day. Husband: I too wish that you were a newspaper, So I could have a new one every day. Doctor : Your husband needs rest and peace. Here are some sleeping Pills. Wife : When must I give them to him? Doctor : They are for you! Wife: I had to marry you to find out how stupid you are. Husband: You should have known it the minute I asked you to marry me. Wife: What will you give me if I climb the great Mount Everest ? Husband: a gentle push!

About Politics and Politicians Politics is the gentle art of getting votesfrom the poor and campaign funds from the rich,by promising to protect each from the other. Oscar Ameringer, “the Mark Twain of American Socialism.” I offered my opponents a deal:”if they stop telling lies about me, I will stop telling the truth about them”. Adlai Stevenson, campaign speech, 1952. A politician is a fellow who will lay downyour life for his country. Texas Guinan. 19th century American businessman I have come to the conclusion that politics is too serious a matter to be left to the politicians. Charles de Gaulle, French general & politician.

Kids Corner

Parivartan December 2013


(Taken from papers written by a class of 8-year-olds) Grandparents are a lady and a man who have no little children of their own. They like other people’s. A grandfather is a man, & a grandmother is a lady! Grandparents don’t have to do anything except be there when we come to see them… They are so old they shouldn’t play hard or run. It is good if they drive us to the shops and give us money. When they take us for walks, they slow down past things like pretty leaves and caterpillars. They show us and talk to us about the colors of the flowers. They don’t say, ‘Hurry up.’ Usually grandmothers are fat but not too fat to tie your shoes. They wear glasses and funny underwear. They can take their teeth and gums out. Grandparents don’t have to be smart. They have to answer questions like ‘Why isn’t God married?’ and ‘How come dogs chase cats?’ When they read to us, they don’t skip. They don’t mind if we ask for the same story over again. Everybody should try to have a grandmother, especially if you don’t have television because they are the only grownups who like to spend time with us. They know we should have a snack time before bed time, and they say prayers with us and kiss us even when we’ve acted bad. Grandpa is the smartest man on earth! He teaches me good things, but I don’t get to see him enough to get as smart as him! It’s funny when they bend over; you hear gas leaks, and they blame their dog.

GRANDPARENTS’ ANSWERING MACHINE Good morning! At present we are not home but, please Leave your message after you hear the beep. Beeeeeppp ... If you are one of our children; dial 1 and then select the option from 1 to 5 in order of “arrival” so we know who it is. If you need us to stay with the children, press 2. If you want to borrow the car, press 3. If you want us to wash your clothes and ironing, press 4. If you want the grandchildren to sleep here tonight, press 5. If you want us to pick up the kids at school, press 6. If you want us to prepare a meal for Sunday or to have it delivered to your home,press 7. If you want to come to eat here, press 8. If you need money,press 9. If you are going to invite us to dinner, or, taking us to the theater,start talking we




The difference between the almost right word and the right word

versus complaining, or worse, passively whining.” Instead, docu-

is really a large matter - ’tis the difference between the lightning-

ment the facts, build a case, and present an intelligent argument

bug and the lightning. - Mark Twain

to the person or group who can help you.

Darlene Price, author of Well Said! Presentations and Conversations That Get Results, concurs. “Words matter,” she

“That’s not my problem,” “That’s not my job,” or “I don’t get paid enough for this.”

says. “They are a key component of persuasive communication.

If you asked someone for help, and the person replied with one

Regardless of the audience, topic, or industry, or whether the setting

of the above phrases, how would you feel? “As importantly, what

is a stand-up presentation, sit-down conversation, telephone

would it say about him or her?” Price says. “Regardless of how

discussion, or an online meeting, a leader uses language to

inconvenient or inappropriate a request may be, it is likely impor-

influence someone’s mind in order to achieve a certain result.

tant to the other person or they would not have asked. Therefore,

That’s one reason they’re seen as leaders; their words compel

as a contributing member of the team, a top priority is to care about

people to follow.”

the success of others (or at least act as though you do).” An un-

Therefore, if you want to be perceived as a leader in the workplace, a great place to start is by deliberately choosing to speak

concerned, detached and self-serving attitude quickly limits career advancement.

words and phrases that are empowering to yourself and others; to

“This doesn’t mean you have to say yes; it does mean you need

use language that captivates, motivates, and inspires; and to com-

to be articulate and thoughtful when saying no,” she adds. “For

municate a vocal image that conveys clarity, confidence, and cred-

example, if your boss issues an unreasonable request, rather

ibility, she adds.

than saying, ‘You’ve got to be kidding me. I don’t get paid enough

“In speaking with hundreds of executives and senior leaders

for this,’ instead say, ‘I’ll be glad to help. Given my current tasks of

over the past twenty years, certain phrases consistently come up

A, B, and C, which one of these shall I place on hold while I work on

as career-limiting phrases that jeopardize one’s professional im-

this new assignment?’ This clearly communicates teamwork and

age and potential for promotion,” Price says. “To the speaker they

helpfulness, while reminding your boss of your current work load

may seem like harmless words, however, to the listener they re-

and the need to set realistic expectations.”

veal a more critical issue: In a workplace where employers must

“I think…”

be cutting-edge, competitive, and cost-effective, employees who

Which of these two statements sounds more authoritative?: “I

use these phrases will likely be replaced with those who convey a

think our company might be a good partner for you.” Or, “I be-

more positive attitude, collaborative spirit, proactive behavior and

lieve…” “I know…” or “I am confident that our company will be a

professional demeanor.”

good partner for you.”

“It’s not fair.”

“There is a slight difference in the wording, however the convic-

She got a raise, you didn’t. He was recognized, you weren’t.

tion communicated to your customer is profound,” she says. “You

“Some people have food to eat while others starve,” Price says.

may have noticed, the first phrase contains two weak words, ‘think’

“Injustices happen on the job and in the world every day. Whether

and ‘might.’ They risk making you sound unsure or insecure about

it’s a troubling issue at work or a serious problem for the planet,

the message. Conversely, the second sentence is assertive and

the point in avoiding this phrase is to be proactive about the issues

certain. To convey a command of content and passion for your

Better things

Parivartan December 2013


subject, substitute the word ‘think’ with ‘believe’ and replace ‘might’

harder.” “Chances are, these fault-finding words inflict feelings of

with ‘will.’”

blame and finger-pointing,” Price says. “Ideally, the workplace fos-

“No problem.”

ters equality, collaboration and teamwork. Instead of making some-

When someone thanks you, the courteous and polite reply is,

one feel guilty (even if they are), take a more productive non-judg-

“You’re welcome.” “The meaning implies that it was a pleasure for you to help the

mental approach.” Say, “Next time, to ensure proper planning, please bring this to my attention immediately.” Or, “In the future, I

person, and that you receive their appreciation,” Price says.


“Though the casual laid-back phrase, ‘no problem’ may intend to

“You guys.”

communicate this, it falls short. It actually negates the person’s

Reserve the phrase “you guys” for friendly casual conversa-

appreciation and implies the situation could have been a problem

tions and avoid using it in business. “Referring to a group of people

under other circumstances.” In business and social situations, if

as ‘you guys’ is not only inaccurate if women are present, it is

you want to be perceived as well-mannered and considerate, re-

slang and lowers your level of professionalism,” Price explains.

spond to thank you’s with, “You’re welcome.”

With fellow professionals such as your boss, co-workers and cli-

“I’ll try.”

ents, substitute “you guys” with terms such as “your organization”

“Imagine it’s April 15th and you ask a friend to mail your tax

or “your team” or simply “you.”

returns before 5pm on his way to the post office,” Price says. “If he

“I may be wrong, but…” or “This may be a silly idea, but…”

replies, ‘Okay, I’ll try,’ you’ll likely feel the need to mail them your-

These phrases are known as discounting, Price explains. They

self.” Why?Because that phrase implies the possibility of failure.

diminish the impact of what follows and reduce your credibility.

“In your speech, especially with senior leaders, replace the word

“Remember that your spoken words reveal to the world how much

‘try’ with the word and intention of ‘will.’ This seemingly small

value you place on yourself and your message. For this reason,

change speaks volumes,” she adds.

eliminate any prefacing phrase that demeans the importance of

“He’s a jerk,” or “She’s lazy,” or “My job stinks,” or “I hate this company.”

who you are or lessens the significance of what you contribute.” Don’t say, “This may be a silly idea, but I was thinking that maybe

Nothing tanks a career faster than name-calling, Price says.

we might conduct the quarterly meeting online instead, okay?”

“Not only does it reveal juvenile school-yard immaturity, it’s lan-

Instead, assert your recommendation: “To reduce travel costs and

guage that is liable and fire-able.”

increase time efficiency, I recommend we conduct the quarterly

Avoid making unkind, judgmental statements that will inevitably reflect poorly on you. If you have a genuine complaint about someone or something, communicate the issue with tact, consideration and neutrality.

meeting online.” “Don’t you think?” or “Okay?” These phrases are commonly known as hedging-seeking validation through the use of overly cautious or non-committal words,

“But we’ve always done it that way.”

she says. “If you truly are seeking approval or looking for validation,

“The most effective leaders value innovation, creative thinking

these phrases may well apply. However, if your goal is to commu-

and problem solving skills in their employees,” Price says. In one

nicate a confident commanding message and persuade people

fell swoop, this phrase reveals you are the opposite: stuck in the

to see it your way, instead of hedging make your statement or

past, inflexible, and closed-minded. “Instead say, ‘Wow, that’s an

recommendation with certainty.”

interesting idea. How would that work?’ Or, ‘That’s a different approach. Let’s discuss the pros and cons.’”

Imagine an investment banker saying, “This is a good way to invest your money, don’t you think? I’ll proceed, if that’s okay with

“That’s impossible” or “There’s nothing I can do.”

you.” Instead, you’d probably want to hear something like: “This

Really? Are you sure you’ve considered every single possible

strategy is a wise investment that provides long-term benefits.

solution and the list is now exhausted? “When you make the mis-

With your approval, I’ll wire the money by 5pm today.”

take of saying these negative phrases, your words convey a pessi-

“I don’t have time for this right now,” or “I’m too busy.”

mistic, passive, even hopeless outlook,” Price says. “This approach

“Even if these statements are true, no one wants to feel less

is seldom valued in the workplace. Employers notice, recognize

important than something or someone else,” Price says. To foster

and promote a can-do attitude. Despite the glum circumstances,

positive relations and convey empathy, say instead: I’d be happy to

communicate through your words what you can contribute to the

discuss this with you after my morning meetings. May I stop by

situation.” Instead, try something like, “I’ll be glad to check on it

your office around 1pm?”

again,” “Let’s discuss what’s possible under these circumstances,” or, “What I can do is this.”

These are common phrases that might be difficult to eliminate completely from your everyday conversations - but the trick is to

“You should have…” or “You could have…”

gain awareness of the language you’re using. “As is often the

You probably wouldn’t be thrilled if someone said: “You should

case with bad habits, we are unconscious of the fact we’re saying

have told me about this sooner!” Or, “You could have tried a little

career-limiting words and phrases,” Price says.

There’s a golden rule in the

crimes. However, it is unlikely he

Mafia: “Never rat on your friends

will hound any of the Congress

and always keep your mouth

“family” members and relatives


and gently allow law to prevail. The

This is one reason why many

disadvantage for Congress if

mafia guys couldn’t be put away

NaMo becomes PM is that he

because no member would tes-

never talks about fallen oppo-

tify against each other. Still, when

nents. Thus, they may not gener-

honest law officers started going

ate any sympathy for themselves

after them they did manage to find

like IndiraG did. The fallen ones

some “rats” and offer them deals

will have to do it for themselves.

to testify against others. We have

In particular, the life of the Gandhis

many mafias in India too; oil

which has been like “there is no

mafia, coal mafia, betting mafia,

law for us, we do what we want”

NGO mafia, political mafia, legal

may come to an end. I can’t pre-

mafia and, of course, the media

dict what the extended family of

mafia. There might be some

Vadra will do but they have much


to fear too. Sonia Gandhi will be

Here are the Top 10 groups

spared but I don’t see any luck for

that I estimate fear the rise of

RahulG. The added problem for

NaMo (Narendra Modi) to PM the

Congress is that they don’t have

most. This is not a prediction.

any other leader worth the name.

This is an estimate based on an

Not at the Centre, not at the State.

analysis of facts already in the

Regional parties will score at their

public domain. In some of the


groups it may be a few control-


ling individuals who may face the

The term Establishment covers

heat more than the group itself.

a very vast group of people who

There is no ranking, these are

are usually the foot-soldiers of a

listed alphabetically.

govt. However, in this list we will

Central Bureau of Investiga-

limit our understanding of it to

tion (CBI)

mean the ‘Babus’ and assorted

What does it say about the

‘Top cops’. I have seen some of

supposedly premier investigative

the men and women of this Es-

organisation in the country when

tablishment in action. Err... no, not

the highest court in the land calls

at their offices but at other privi-

it a “caged parrot”? There may be many officers in CBI who will feel

leged places. Some of them sit around and gossip and constantly

happy if NaMo becomes PM. It’s the rogues and doormats who

plot their next haul of the “loot” or “luxuries”. These are the crimi-

have the most to fear. Who will nail those rogues? It will probably

nals who delay files, manipulate files and even make files disap-

be the good guys who will come forward to speak and testify. Along

pear. You know, like the ones in Coalgate or the CWG scam. The

with them there will be “rats” who will testify against criminal offi-

honest ones (who are rare) who are suffocating under the current

cials who used fake testimonies and witnesses to witch-hunt their

Congress govt will be happy. The rest will find the life they knew is

targets. The criminals among the officers are also those who let


off other criminals either through political favours to their masters or monetary favours.

Lobbyists/Power Brokers: NiiraRadia was probably the tip of the iceberg. Since lobbying

Congress Party:

is not legal in India these “pimps” parade as PR agents. Deals like

No single political group has more to fear than this one.NaMo

Agusta Westland may not go the Bofors way. Deals like Jet-Etihad

doesn’t appear to be stupid. I imagine he would have learned

will come under renewed scrutiny. All the brokers may not face

lessons from the Janata govt of 1977 who botched up the pros-

prosecution but their business will be dented in a big way. They

ecution of IndiraG for the crimes of Emergency. He is also not

will not go out of business either because no govt survives without

going to be an appeaser like AB Vajpayee of the NDA and overlook

these lobbyists. The visibly illegitimate deals will face a threat,

Indian Politics

Parivartan December 2013


including some brokers who are in the news media. The only


difference between now and if NaMo becomes PM is that national

Certain organisations in the public sector will have to shape up

interests will acquire priority and not private coffers.

or get out to make way for new management. This is not only a fear


that PSUs have but also an economic necessity. Air India may not

These criminals and their “useful idiots” face a grave threat

continue to get the doles for non-performance. That Ratan Tata

if NaMo becomes PM.My estimate is most of the groups will be

has already made statements showing willingness to take up Air

wiped out. It is essential. Under NaMo the govt may not pussy-foot

India should be an indication. And people are aware what Ratan

on action against them. At best, there may be one last option for

Tata thinks of Modi. Insurance and oil companies will be under

dialogue and that’s all. NaMo will perhaps not hesitate to use the

greater scrutiny on their pricing and spending. The CEOs of PSUs

full force of the Army all the might of the State to end this nuisance.

who used their companies as “private yachts” will have to un-

Of course, the Maoist sympathisers will run all over crying “hu-

dergo some weight-reducing exercises. There are those who

man rights” but it’s not going to deter NaMo. It has never been the

have funded “private parties” like the Hindustan Times Summit

case that the State doesn’t know who these groups are, where

or the “Indian of the year” nonsense on some channels. These

they operate, who their leaders are and how they get their weap-

CEOs may be spending time in some rural areas doing some

ons. The IB officers will certainly not be talking to some Pappu

more constructive work. Reforms and disinvestment may re-

types in changed circumstances. The Maoists have survived only


because of foreign funding, supply of weapons and exceptional

Scam-accused politicians:

sympathy of the Commies within India. Most of this menace will

This is a group that is not going to be “targeted” as such. Not


one bit! Remember, after all NaMo too is a politician and no matter

News Media:

what, sharks don’t eat sharks (except Congress). However, those

This group need not fear for survival and overall can expect

already in the dock and named in scams will be investigated and

prosperity. But there are definitely certain criminal elements that

prosecuted faster. This is one group that should not only fear NaMo

have been protected by the govt so far who will face the music.

but this is a case where NaMo should fear people as well. If NaMo

Collectively, the criminal elements in this group have hounded

does not bring certain scam-accused politicians to justice it would

NaMo for over a decade but they can rest assured there will be no

be a major failure in the fight against corruption. The “go slow”

witch-hunt and no actions for “revenge”. The few things that will

agitation by CBI and other investigators will end and accused like

definitely happen are new regulations on transparency in report-

Raja, Kanimozhi, Marans, Kalmadis and the whole gang will face

ing, funding and such rules will come up. Ownership patterns of

justice faster. I guarantee, no matter what Manmohan Singh will

media outlets will have to be disclosed.Some media celebs who

not be prosecuted for Coalgate or any other scam although he

have so far lived the life of “power brokers” may have to find

may have fears. MMS will be allowed to lead a peaceful life as a

new avenues to earn their luxuries. Those involved in power-

former PM.

broking and lobbying will face prosecution as the SC has al-

Terrorists & their sympathisers:

ready taken up the case and CBI will not be allowed to issue

This is one group that has the most to fear NaMo. It is ironical

“clean chits” without fair action. The life that some scumbags

to say that terrorists have “sympathisers” but it’s an unfortunate

and scumbaginis lived in the last decade may be over. Some

fact. The terrorists on the borders, especially J&K and some NE

may even retire or leave the country. Expect some mergers and

States, will have the most to fear because NaMo is almost cer-

divorces too.

tain to give the Army a completely free hand to deal with the


menace.The other “verbal terrorists” who act as sympathisers

Without the slightest doubt a large number of spurious “busi-

may also fear NaMo because he may bring in new laws that will

nesses” under this category will wind up. Not just because of

prevent the kind of speeches that Genocide Suzy and her types

NaMo but changed govts usually dry up funding for many. It is quite

indulge in. The separatists in Kashmir will not be molly-coddled

possible that temples which were being looted by govts so far may

as they have been in the past. Men and women in the in the Anti-

benefit by a certain level of freedom to be managed by Apex bodies

terror squads may find greater protection under new laws that

of Trusts rather than govt. The most worried of this lot would cer-

safeguard them from wanton slandering and court cases. Cases

tainly be the missionaries funded by vested interests from abroad.

already in the courts may see a faster closure one way or another.

They will be hit not only for stricter funding laws but some of the

For some members of the groups I’ve listed, the life they knew

“religion-businesses” may suffer because NaMo may bring about

will be over. Some will disappear. Some will turn rats and receive

an anti-conversion law that he has already enacted in Gujarat.

mercy as State approvers. Many will become average nobodies

There is a definite threat to operators like Teesta, Shabnam,

like you and me. They will have to wait in lines like you and me.

Harsh Mandar and the like not only for sources and use of funds

Some will end up in prison. But most of the crooks are guaranteed

but also for certain other activities.

to live the life of a Schnook.

Here in Australia, “Kirpan” issue has been arising in each State and accordingly, tackled by the Sikhs. By and large the State Governments have been resolvingthe issue amicably but in so far as I recollect there is no uniformity on ourpart because most of the Sikh well-wishers remain divided. Since most of the Sikhs have migrated from Punjab-India, we can explain that according to Explanation I under Article 25 to The Constitution of India:“The wearing and carrying of Kirpans shall be deemed to be includedin the profession of the Sikh religion.” I recollect that when I was in Punjab, till 1956, Sikhs used to carry three feetsword while visiting their relatives in far off villages or going to cities. Butthen practice started to wear small Kirpan in baldric by the Amrit initiatedSikhs while undertaking ceremony of “Khanday Dee Pahul”. As some Sikhs were encountering difficulty while boarding domestic flightsin India, Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (Ministry of Civil Aviation) Govt. ofIndia had issued Circular No. 34 / 2002 on 31.10.2002 clarifying that..... “Sikh passengers are allowed to carry Kirpan with them on board domestic flights. The total length of the ‘Kirpan’ should not exceed 22.86 CMs (9 inches) and the length of the blade should not exceed 15.24 CMs (6 inches). It is being reiterated that these instructions should be fully implemented by concerned security personnel so that religious sentiments of the Sikh passengers are not hurt.” In 1996 while delivering Judgment, Judge J. Painter of the Court of Appeals, HamiltonCounty, Ohio (USA) said: “To be a Sikh is to wear a Kirpan – it is that simple.” (The Sikh Review, April 1997, pages 83-84 & Sikh Marg, Vancouver, Canada) I am not fully aware but there was some discussion as to whether a School student of age 5 – 10, could be allowed to undertake “Khanday Dee Pahul” when s/he could hardly take care of all the Five Kakaars as well as to recite Nitnem ? The Guidelines issued by the SGPC in 1945 says: “...The person to be baptised shouldnot be of very young age; he or she should have attained a plausible degree ofdiscretion...” It would thus reflect that boy or girl should be adult or say not less than 18 years because any student of tender age can’t take care of all the Five Articles of Faith, or even he may not be in a position of tying Turban. At the same time, Kirpan blade should not be less than six inches, but it should notbe blunt or merely replica or as some ladies wear around their neck in a thread.


Parivartan December 2013


Deepika Padukone's name is one of Bollywood's top Aktreses. Deepika in the film means that you will get glam, as well as acting guarantee full. Deepika's acting like his personal life is also well-known. It is already clear to us that we Ranbir again - are not going to listen melody. In fact, Deepika's first name was associated with model Nihar Pandya. Allegedly, not only Deepika's boyfriend were really admire. But as soon Deepika became famous, the big banner and big star - cast films began to receive admiring moved back to Karachi. If it be said that it was released, it would be more accurate. Well let us tell you that this story is not the only one Bollywood Famous after the second dump a partner, but also in the industry, so hundreds tales. It's interesting that so little work - coarse stars, not big - big stars have done. Deepika Padukone : Deepika's really only the first name on the list now will connect. Deepika and Nihar's boyfriend was a model by profession. Nihar Pandya Deepika than her modeling was known about the relationship. Pacific admiring himself as the lead actor of the film were seeking. Well Deepika Like were found fame, his relationship with Nihar has also dropped.‘Om Shanti Om', Deepika has since then come to admire Nkarni with the idea that their relationship had begun. After a few more films with Ranbir Kapoor, Deepika was the relationship. Well this time with Deepika Ranbir Singh is dating his film Ram - Leela has come. Freida Pinto : Freida Pinto's relationship made headlines in newspapers at the time when he was in his movie 'Slumdog Millionaire' at the - star Dev Patel had also Ingej. Indeed, the relationship of Frida his fiancee (according to some newspapers, X - Husband) Rohan Antao were nervous. So then, the success of Frida, who have the same standing in the line of sight regardless of past relationships drunk. Buklaht of Rohan Antao was going to see it. Frida in her life when she returned, the engagement of Rohan and Freida many of his pictures were leaked to the media. Anushka Sharma : In his debut film industry through the rock sensational Anushka Sharma is also not the past. Anushka Sharma, Ranveer Singh's name even came to be associated with industry, but they had nothing to do with Bollywood, then in Bangalore Joheb she had been dating a model of Joseph. Anushka came to Mumbai with her boyfriend and was looking for the opportunity to work here. Now it will only say that luck had returned to Bangalore Joheb disappointed, but Anushka were engaged in their work. Anushka Sharma in Yash Raj banner as it was found that the "wedding band" got kind of picture. Now that was a long distance relationship can not go on like this. Happened there. Like - Anushka ladder of success were late, Joheb have also increased the distance. Anushka because of her looks, Preity had no problems in moving forward. She has already worked with SRK and Aamir have been cast in a movie. So now who will remember Joheb. Aishwarya Rai Bachchan : Aishwarya's name will read to you the feeling that we Salman again, and Akshay Khanna discretion're going to talk about, but it's not. Now that Ash had it made such a relationship does not have time to become stories. Ash's well-known love story was at the time of their debut. The modeling industry as soon met Rajeev Mulchandani name of the ash was from a

Bollywood man, so that they were in the proximity. But - as Ash were moving in modeling and became Miss Universe, then Rajiv had lost in the dark not knowing what to oblivion. Aishwarya stepped into the film industry and also Broach. The practices to be accepted as an actress. Names associated with Salman Khan and Vivek Oberoi. Today is Ash Bachchan bahu. Seeing their story so no one can say that Rajiv had been dumped long ago. Lara Dutta : 8 years after a very long stay in a relationship Lara Dutta, Deepika and Anushka as also did the same thing later Aktreses has done it. Lara Dutta was in relationship with Kelly Dorjee, Lara Kelly but those relationships were very upset and frightened, which was extended with Lara Bollywood stars. The Lara chose to extricate himself from Kelly. The ego had been moving between the two so that no one was willing to budge. It was found that Lara movies with full freedom and his life began to leaf Kelly was very clean. Famous tennis star Mahesh Bhupathi and Lara Today, Kelly's wife are happy in your life. Ranbir Kapoor : Please collect it now, do not even read the name of Ranbir Deepika Padukone that we are going to talk. Imran Khan's wife Avantika Malik fact that Ranbir were dating and they were in Rileshinship. Their relationship lasted five years, but both had something else in store. Now if these two are talking about the relationship these two - the other trowel deduct them as good friends. Where Imran Avantika are done now, there are busy with Katrina Kaif Ranbir Kapoor. Well, now you must have understood why Ranbir Kapoor and Imran Khan's marriage to his best friend, why did Avoid. 'X' to be confronted with what feels good. Neil Nitin Mukesh : Neil Nitin Mukesh even today are totally single, but his luck was not always so bad. Neil designer Priyanka Bhatia is very long run relationship. Their relationship had reached this level were going to get married soon. Well Nitin's Bollywood career is not very special, but then I wonder what Neil had struck him that he had broken his relation with Priyanka. Both for the isolation of his - of his profession, individually described to be. Actor Neil and Priyanka designer. Both gained much longer because of this decision, it awakened - obviously. After the break-up with Priyanka, Asin and Neil's name associated with Sonal Chauhan, of course, but these two did not like Priyanka Nile. Finally, Neil is still single. Abhishek Bachchan : Abhishek Bachchan and Aishwarya Rai Bachchan Happy Married Life really are having these days, but it also has a history of Abhishek Bachchan. Well one thing is already clear to us that we Karisma and Abhishek are not going to speak of the relationship. But the film "GURU" 10 months after the success of her relationship with Abhishek Deepanita was scrapped. ‘Guru' trend after the success of Abhishek and Ash's side was too much for the Deepanita proved wrong. As is evident now that the wife would a girl like Aishwarya Rai, she is ill will. Aamir Khan : Aamir Khan's personal life and you know all about the story of their Partners. After nearly 15 years of married life Tkrain Aamir Khan Kiran Rao's eyes so she could not take care of his wife Reena Dutta. The film Lagaan, Aamir and Kiran on the sets of eyes - there were four, after which the beam isolation from Aamir married Reena Dutta. Lagaan, Aamir is the same film from India had the distinction of being at the Oscars. The addition of Reena Dutta and Kiran Rao Aamir's name was also associated with Preity Zinta. However, this relationship did not run too much. Reena it still appears to be Aamir's film premieres are Vgahr.

Parivartan December 2013



Parivartan December 2013

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ÍzØ. ’ßÚÒ‹∆ «√ßÿ „πæ‚∆’∂ @IHADA-CEAEA

Á±‹≈ ÏÛ≈ «√¡≈‰≈ «Ï¡≈È ’æÒ∑ √ßÈ∆ «Á˙Ò Á∆ «ÎÒÓ «√ßÿ √≈«‘Ï Á∆ ◊z∂‡ Ï≈∂ ¡≈«¬¡≈ «’ È≈Ó «√ßÿ √≈«‘Ï Á∆ ʪ ”Â∂ «√ßÿ √≈Ï∑ Á∆ ◊z∂‡ ’ «Á˙, «Î ¸æ’ «Á˙ Îæ‡∂Õ ’ ÁØ «Ò∆˜Õ √Ø √≈«‘Ï Á∆ ʪ √≈Ï∑ ’’∂ ÍÂ≈ È‘∆∫ ’∆ Î’ ÍÀ ‹ªÁ≈, «¬√ Ï≈∂ Ú∆ ¡≈Í∂ ‘∆ √Ø«⁄˙Õ

ÍÀ∫Á∂ ¡≈Õ √Ø ’ª◊√ Á∆ √’≈ È∂ Ï≈Ï∂ «÷Ò≈¯ «¬’, ÁØ, Íø‹, √æÂ, Á√, Ú∆‘, Íø‹≈‘ È‘∆∫ ÏÒ«’ HA «¬’æ·∂ ’∂√ Á‹ ’ «ÁæÂ∂ Ϭ∆ ‘π‰ Ó≈ ÏÛ∑’ªÕ ’∂‘± ’«‘ßÁ≈ - «ÂßÈ ’∂√ ‘Ø Í≈ «ÁßÁ∂ HD ω ‹≈‰∂ √∆, Ï≈Ï∂ Á∆ ¸≈√∆ ’æ‡∆ ‹ªÁ∆....Õ”

‘Ø √π‰ Ò˙ - ÍzË≈È ÓßÂ∆ ‹∆ Á≈ «Ï¡≈È ¡≈ Ϭ∆ ÍÀ√∂ Ë∂Ò∂ ÿæ‡ ¡≈, æ«÷¡≈

¿πË ÓπÒ’ Ì «Ú⁄ «⁄æ‡∆¡ª ’≈Ò∆¡ª «√¡≈√∆ ⁄؉ ÀÒ∆¡ª ‘Ø ‘∆¡ª, Ú؇ª ˘

Ï拇 ‘∆ ÿ‡≈ ”Â≈Õ Á±‹∂ Í≈√∂ ⁄∆È Í≈«’√Â≈È æ«÷¡≈ Ï‹‡ ÚË≈¬∆ ‹ªÁ∂ ¡≈,

√Ϙ Ï≈◊ «Á÷≈¬∂ ‹≈ ‘∂ È∂Õ Í≈‡∆¡ª «¬’ Á±‹∂ ”Â∂ ·Ø’ ’∂ ÂÚ∂ Ò≈ ‘∆¡ª Â∂ ÒØ’ª

Á±«‹¡ª ˘ ‚≈¬∆ ‹ªÁ∂ ¡≈.... ¡≈͉∂ «¬‘ Ï‹‡ ÿ‡≈¬∆ ‹ªÁ∂ ¡≈Õ «¬√ Ï≈∂ Ú∆

˘ «¬’ Á±¬∂ Á∂ ’æ⁄∂ «⁄æ·∂ ’æ„-’æ„ «Á÷≈ ‘∆¡ª È∂Õ ÒØ’∆ Â≈Û∆¡ª Ó≈∆ ‹ªÁ∂ ¡≈....

¡≈Í∂ ‘∆ √Ø⁄ «Ú⁄≈ ’’∂ ÂÛ’≈ Ò≈ «Ò˙ ‹∆Õ

«‹ßÁ≈Ï≈Á-ÓπÁ≈Ï≈Á ’∆ ‹ªÁ∂ ¡≈Õ

Í ’∂‘± ’«‘ßÁ≈ - ÓÀ˘ ª ¡≈‘ √π‰ ’∂ √Ú≈Á ¬∆ ¡≈ «◊¡≈, «¬’ ◊æÒ Ô≈Á ¡≈ ”◊∆Õ”

Ï≈¡Á ”⁄ «‹‘Û∂ «‹æ ”◊∂, ¿π‘Ȫ È∂ Íø‹ √≈Ò ¡À∫ ◊≈«¬Ï ‘Ø ‹≈‰≈ «‹Ú∂∫ ¶‚∂ ’πæÂ∂ Á∆ ͱ¤ ◊≈«¬Ï ‘ج∆ ‘πßÁ∆ ¡≈Õ

Ó≈√‡ ‹∆ ’«‘ßÁ∂ -’∆?” ª ’«‘ßÁ≈ -√≈‚∂ Ï≈¬∆ ÂØÂ∆ ¡ÓÒ∆ Á≈ ÎπæÎÛ ÎΩ‹∆ «‡≈«¬ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ √∆, ÏÛ≈ ¡Ω÷≈ «‘≈ ’∂Õ ¿π‘Á∂ ÿ∂ ’∂ª ⁄Ø ¡≈ ”◊∂Õ ⁄πæÍ ’’∂ Ó⁄Ò≈ ω ’∂ √πæÂ≈ «‘≈, ‹ÁØ∫ ⁄Ø ‹≈‰ Òæ◊∂ ª ’«‘ßÁ≈ - «¬’ «Ó߇ Ì≈ÚØ, ¡≈‘ ÏßÁ±’ ÒÀ ‹Ø Í ̪‚∂ ‡∆∫‚∂ ¤æ‚ ‹ØÕ”

‘∂’ Í≈‡∆ ‘∆ Ú؇ª ˘ ’ج∆ È≈ ’ج∆ ⁄∆˜ Óπ¯Â ’È Á∂ È≈Ó ”Â∂ Ú؇ª Í應 «Ú⁄ Òæ◊∆ ‘ج∆ ¡≈, «‹Èª ˘ √Ófi È∆ Òæ◊Á≈, Ú؇ª ¿π‘Ȫ È∂ ‘∆ Í≈¿π‰∆¡ª ‘πßÁ∆¡ª, «‹ßÈ∑ª ˘ «¬‘ ⁄≈Òª √Ófi Òæ◊ ‘∆¡ª, ¿π‘Ȫ Á∆¡ª Ú؇ª ‘∆ ÊØÛ∑∆¡ªÕ Ó≈√‡ ‹∆ Áæ√‰, ’«‘ßÁ∂ -√≈‚∂ √Î≈¬∆ √∂Ú’ Á∂ ÿ Á∆¡ª ‘∆ ¡æ· Ú؇ª, ’«‘ßÁ≈ √∆ «’ ¡ÀÂ’∆∫ ÁØ-ÁØ ‘˜≈ ÂØ∫ ÿæ‡ È‘∆∫ ÒÀ‰≈Õ √≈‚∂ «¬’Ø ‘∆ Óπß‚≈, ÓÂÒÏ

⁄Ø Í«‘Òª ª ‚ «◊¡≈ Í Î∂ ’«‘ßÁ≈ - ‹∂ Â∂∂ ’ØÒ ÏßÁ±’ √∆ ª ⁄Ò≈¬∆

«ÂßÈ ‘∆ Ú؇ªÕ ’∆ ’ Òª ◊∂ Óπ’≈ÏÒ≈Õ” Ï≈’∆ Á≈ ÂÛ’≈ Âπ√∆∫ ¡≈Í∂ Ò≈ ¤æ«‚˙Õ

¸æ«’¡≈ «◊¡≈ ÿÛ∂ ÂØ∫ ’ΩÒ≈

«’¿π∫ È∆.... ÎΩ‹∆ ’«‘ßÁ≈ - Ì≈Ú≈, „≈¬∆ √Ω Á∆ ◊ØÒ∆ ÍÀ∫Á∆ ¡≈, Âß± „≈¬∆ √Ω Á∂ ̪‚∂ È∆ ¸æ’∂ ‘؉∂.... √Ø Ìª‚∂ ¤æ‚ ‹≈, «¬‘˘ ÒÀ ‹≈Õ”

‹ÁØ∫ Á∆Ú≈Ò∆ ÓΩ’∂ ͇≈’∂ ÙπÒ∆¡ª ·≈‘-·≈‘ ’Á∆¡ª ‘πßÁ∆¡ª ª «⁄Û∆¡ª √Ø ‘«Ê¡≈ ‘π‰ Ì≈Â∆ ÎΩ‹ ’ØÒ∂ ‘؉◊∂, Í Ò◊Á≈ ÓßÁ∂ ’’∂ «Ú⁄ Í≈¿π‰ ˘ ‹ÈΩ «Ú⁄≈∂ ’ßÈ «‹‘∂ ÒÍ∂‡ ’∂ ’±«¡ª Úª◊ Òæª ”⁄ «√ Á∂ ’∂ ◊ß„ «‹‘∂ ω ’∂ ◊ØÒ∆-Ï±Á ÷∆Á‰ ˘ Â√‰◊∂....Õ √Ω∫ ‹ªÁ∂ ‘πßÁ∂ ¡≈Õ

æÏ≈ «Ó‘ ’∆∫ ÓΩ√Ó ”⁄ ·ß„ ÏßÁ∂ ˘ ‹±Û Í≈¬∆ ‹ªÁ∆ ¬∂ Â∂ Ó‘ΩÒ ”⁄ «√¡≈√ Á∆¡ª ÎπÒfiÛ∆¡ª ÏßÁ∂ ˘ ÌÓ≈¬∆ ‹ªÁ∆¡ªÕ

¿πÚ∂∫ ¬∆ ¡æ‹-’æÒ∑ ÒØ’ √Ì≈ ⁄؉ª ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª ¬∂È∂ Á±Ù‰Ï≈˜∆ Á∂ «√¡≈√∆ ͇≈’∂ ÍÀ ‘∂ È∂ «’ ¡≈Ó ¡≈ÁÓ∆ ¡≈͉∂ √≈∂ Áπæ÷ ÌπæÒ ’∂ ¡æ÷ª, ’ßÈ ÏßÁ ’∆ ’πß◊«Û¡≈ «Í¡≈Õ Ò∆‚ª ˘ È≈ Ï∂π˜◊≈∆ Á≈ «Î’ ¡≈, È≈ ´æ‡ª ÷Ø‘ª Á≈, È≈ Ó«‘ß◊≈¬∆ Á≈, ¿π‘

‚æ◊ Â√’∆ Â∂ «√ßÊÀ«‡’ ‚æ◊ ω≈¿π‰ Á∂ Ó≈ÓÒ∂ ”⁄ √≈Ï’≈ «√Í≈‘∆ ‹◊Á∆Ù

ª Ïæ√ ’πæ„ Â∆Ú∆¡ª Úª◊ - È∆ Â∂≈ ’æ÷ È≈ ‘∂, È∆ Â∂∂ ‡æÏ Á≈ ’æ÷ È≈ ‘∂ Ú≈Ò≈

ÌØÒ≈ Ϋۡ≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈Õ ¿π‘Á∂ ≈‘∆∫ ‘π‰ ’¬∆ ‘Øª ’¬∆ ‹«‰¡ª Á∂ ͇≈’∂ ͬ∆ ‹ªÁ∂

≈◊ ‘∆ ¡Ò≈Í∆ ‹ªÁ∆¡ªÕ ¿πË √≈Ï’≈ ÌÒÚ≈È ‹◊Á∆Ù ÌØÒ∂ Á∂ ’æ⁄∂ «⁄æ·∂ ÷πÒ∑ ‘∂

¡≈Õ ¡‹È≈Ò∂ Ú≈Ò∂ ¡’≈Ò∆ ÁÒ Á∂ ÂÈ «√ß‘π Â∂ ¿π‘Á∂ Óπß‚∂ ¡ÓÍ≈Ò ÏØÈ∆ Ú∆

È∂, ’¬∆ Úæ‚∂ ÒØ’ª Á∂ È≈Ó Ú∆ ¡≈ ‘∂ È∂Õ Ó≈√‡ ‹∆ ’«‘ßÁ∂ :

’π«Ûæ’∆ ”⁄ Î√Á∂ «Á√ ‘∂ È∂, ¿π‘ ¡æ‹ ’æÒ∑ «ÏÒ’πÒ ¸æÍ ÏÀ·∂ ¡≈...., ¸æÍ Á∆ ◊ÛπæÍ,

Ú≈‘ Ì≈¬∆ ‹◊Á∆Ù ÌØÒ≈

ÿπæ◊∆ «⁄æ‡∂ ¡ª‚∂ Á∂¿±◊∆....Õ

Â∂≈ ª ÷≈√≈ ¬∆ Úæ‚≈ ‡ØÒ≈,

¿πË ’ª◊√ Á∂ ÍÀª ‘∂·ª ⁄؉ª ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª ÏÛ≈ ÚË∆¡≈ χ∂≈ ª ¡≈«¬¡≈ Í

‘π‰ ⁄æ«’¡≈ «◊¡≈ ÿÛ∂ ÂØ∫ ’ΩÒ≈,

¿π‘Á∂ √≈∂ Ò∆‚ «¬’ Á±¬∂ ”Â∂ «·æÏ∆ Ó≈È Á≈ ‹π◊≈Û ‘∆ ’ ‘∂ È∂, «‹Ê∂ «¬’

«¬‘È∂ «‘Ò≈ ”Â≈ ¬∂ ¡’≈Ò∆¡ª Á≈ ‚ØÒ≈

Ò∆‚ ‹ªÁ≈ Á±¬∂ ◊≈«¬Ï ‘∆ ‘Ø ‹ªÁ∂ ¡≈Õ

Ϭ∆ «ÏæÒ∆ √≈‘Ó‰∂ ÷Û∑∆ ¡≈

Ó≈√‡ ‹∆ ’«‘ßÁ∂ - Ò◊Á≈, ¿π‘Ȫ Á≈ «¬’Ø ‘∆ ¬∂‹ß‚≈ ¬∂..... Ϭ∆ «’Â∂ ¿π‘Ȫ

¿π‘˘ Á∂÷ ’∂ ¡æ÷ª Ó∆⁄ ω ‹Ø ’ϱÂ ◊ØÒ≈

Á∆ ¡≈͉∆ Í≈‡∆ «‹æ È≈ ‹≈Ú∂ Â∂ ÎÒ≈È≈ Óπæ÷ ÓßÂ∆ È≈ ω ‹∂....Õ ÒÛ≈¬∆ ⁄ΩËª

’∂‘± È∂ Ú∆ È≈Ò ‘∆ ¡≈͉≈ ’«Ïæ ‹ØÛ ”Â≈ -

Á∆ ¬∂.... Ϭ∆ ‹∂ ÎÒ≈È∂ Á∆ ⁄ΩË «Ú⁄ ’ª◊√ «‹æ ”◊∆ ª ‘≈¬∆ ’Ó≈È ”⁄ Ï≈’∆¡ª

¬∂‘Ø «‹‘∂ ˘ √≈∂ Ϙ≈ Ó≈Ø ÍΩÒ≈

Á∆ Òæ√∆ ‘Ø‹±Õ”

Í Á∂÷ «Ò˙ ‘؉≈ ‘±‰≈ ’πæfi È∆∫,

’∂‘± ’«‘ßÁ≈ - ¡≈ ”◊∆ «‘√≈Ï ”⁄ ◊æÒÕ”

٪ ‘Ø ‹≈‰≈ ⁄≈ ’π «ÁȪ ˘ ΩÒ≈,

Ó≈√‡ ‹∆ ’«‘ßÁ∂ - ’∆ ¡≈ ”◊∆?”

‹∂ ÿ ÿ Í‘πß⁄ «◊¡≈

’«‘ßÁ≈ - ¿π‘∆ «‹‘Û≈ ¡≈͉≈ ’Â≈≈ ‚ÀÚ Ï≈¬∆ ◊æ‚∆ «Íæ¤∂ «Ò÷≈ ’∂

È؇ª Ú≈Ò≈ fiØÒ≈....Õ

«Ò¡≈«¬¡≈, “Ϭ∆ æÏ≈ Ó∂‘ ’∆∫, Í Ùπ± Ó∂∂ ÂØ∫ ’∆∫ Â∂ ÷ÂÓ Ú∆ Ó∂∂ ”Â∂ ¬∆

«’¿π∫«’ ¡≈͉≈ ’˘È Ú∆ ˛.... ¡ßÈ≈, ◊ß±◊≈, ÏØÒ≈


Ï≈Ï∂ È∂ Ó√ª ¸æÍ ’≈«¬¡≈ «’ «¬‘Ø «‹‘≈ È‘∆∫ Í≈¬∆Á≈ ΩÒ≈....Õ

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