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AP Plastic Times Vol 5

August-September 2010


No.2 Dear Members


Development is a never ending process. And the same is visible all around us. It is said that a wheel is probably the most important invention of all time. Well looking at the world today, we can say polymer is the best creation of mankind so far. It is a material which is just indispensable for anything and everything happening today. It is hard to imagine any lifestyle system that would be possible without the use of polymers today.



ANDHRA PRADESH PLASTICS MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION 304, Raghavaratna Towers, Chirag Ali Lane, HYDERABAD 500 001 Phone: 23203191 Fax: 040-23204211 Email: Web:

Lately positive signs are visible regarding the growth in the Indian manufacturing sector. Development creates growth, and India is continuously on the growth path and consistent on development. The World is looking towards India and China as they are growing at a pace different than the rest of the world. It is heartening news and encouraging for the Industry in general and Plastics Processing sector in particular. Indian Plastics industry seems prepared to meet the challenges of future. Our state of Andhra Pradesh has also witnessed impressive growth in plastics processing sector, and many first generation entrepreneurs are entering this sector along with established industrialists in other sectors diversifying into plastics processing. The new Industrial policy of AP is out and this issue is carrying it in detail.

OFFICE BEARERS: Green Building is a very interesting and promising concept and our association has attempted to explore and educate the members on this very new sector. Bio-Plastics is also gaining popularity and it is heartening to know that dedicated fair for Bio-Plastic is being held in China. In future issues, we will try to bring more information on these subjects.

President M. JAYADEV Vice President - I SURESH SOMANI Vice President (Rural) DAYAKAR A.

It may be Green, it may be Bio‌ but it will be plastics, because plastic is indispensable.

Hon. Secretary J. VENUGOPAL

Arun Lahoti Chairman-Website & Bulletin Committee

Joint Secretary K. NARAYAN REDDY Joint Secratary (Rural) V. SRINIVAS Treasurer NARENDRA BALDWA

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All payments should be made by cheque/draft drawn favouring the A.P. Plastic Manufacturers Association, payable at Hyderabad. Service Tax will be charged extra as applicable. Cash will not be accepted.

DISCLAIMER All the information published in this issue has been collected/gathered from various sources. APPMA does not hold responsibility for any error or omission and is not liable for any legal consequences.

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Contents :

Editorial President writes Secretary's Report APPMA at Work - Seminar on Plastics for Green Building Press Releases New Industrial Policy by Government of A.P. Bio Plastics-Need of the Time Classified Advertisements New Members List APPMA at Work - Design Sensitization Seminar Government Order (Municipal Administration and Urban Development)


President Writes... Dear Members, An entrepreneurs’ religion and his temple is his enterprise. For him work is worship. Winners take time to relish their work, knowing that scaling the mountain is what makes the view from the top so exhilarating. We at APPMA are striving to scale the mountain called achievement. What an association has to achieve is the approval and satisfaction of its members in seeing their representative body’s progress on the path towards its aims and objective. I am happy that with a vibrant membership and efficient & dedicated managing committee members, your association will perform to its optimum. Apart from all the routine work an association is supposed to do, our association is working on the ambitious projects of acquiring a new and more spacious office for the association. With tremendous growth witnessed in the plastic processing sector and with more stringent pollution control guidelines for running an industry, it is imperative now that Industries operate in clusters in dedicated sector specific industrial estates. Our association is working on this concept project since past few years and we wish to accelerate on this front. Our idea has found encouraging support from the government and the Dept. of Industries is providing all the needed help in the establishing of an exclusive Plastic Park (Exclusive Industrial Estate for plastic industries). Favourable development on this front is expected shortly and members will be kept informed about the progress. The new industrial policy and the incentive scheme for new industries is announced and members will take advantage of this and expand their industrial activity. Andhra Pradesh is making fast strides in the plastic processing sector and our entrepreneurs are now producing global standard products and making inroads into the national market. Innovation is the key to progress and my fellow industrialists are always in the forefront to adapt to innovation and modernization. New concepts like Green Building Material and Design Sensitizing in mold making have found acceptance with our entrepreneurs and they have made impressive head start in adopting them as commercial ventures. We will always offer our resources in this regard for the guidance and benefit of entrepreneurs. Here, I wish to thankfully acknowledge and appreciate the co-operation and expert guidance of Sri Kamal Nanavati, President – Polymers, Reliance Industries Ltd., whose encouraging advice led to the successful organizing of a National Seminar on “Plastics for Green Buildings”. The department of MSME is also supportive to the activities of the association and I see a more vital and bigger role for them in the progress and welfare of our industries and look forward to their patronage to this growing sector. This year we will see the happening of K Fair at Germany, and I am sure large number of our members will travel to visit K 2010 and utilize this opportunity and derive immense benefit from the tremendous growth opportunities offered by the World’s biggest plastic fair.

M. Jayadev President

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Secretary Report ... Dear Members, Once again I am here to appraise you about the important events and activities taken up and successfully accomplished by the office bearers with active support from all the working committee members of the Association. On August 9th, 2010, APPMA organized a seminar on Design Sensitization in NKM’s Grand Hotel, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, which was funded by the National Institute of Design. Basically, this was a sensitization seminar on designs which will be followed by a series of follow up seminars which will help members to finally develop the moulds. The guest of Honor Mr.N.T.Naidu, Deputy Director MSME, Hyderabad informed the members, present at the seminar, that financial assistance schemes were available for entrepreneurs’ benefit. A detailed report has been incorporated in this bulletin for the benefit of members. Another seminar, Plastics for Green Buildings, was conducted by APPMA on September 24, 2010 at HICC. The sponsors of this seminar were Reliance Industries, Indofil Chemicals, Gruber Extrusions and Battenfeld Cincinnati, NCL Wintech and Sudhakar PVC and Elumatec India. The technical sessions were very informative and interesting. The question answer session also helped the members to clear their doubts. I am sure that many members might have benefited by attending this seminar. APPMA has started the exercise of taking a delegation, comprising of 40 members, to the K2010 exhibition at Dusseldorf, Germany, from 27th October to 3rd November, 2010. Friends, we have been receiving complaints from members from Tenali, Guntur, Eluru, Kurnool, Kakinada and Srikakulam regarding harassment and burning of plastic articles. We have taken this issue with the concerned authorities in the government and they have assured us of all assistance. We have received an assurance from the Principal Secretary, Mr.Appa Rao, that he will circulate the letter regarding GO No.158 dated 4.4.2006 wherein as per the GO No.158 banning of plastics is below 20 microns only. Hence harassment from local authorities will be controlled as they have misread the GO. In this regard, on behalf of the Association, I once again request all our members to stick to rules laid down by the Government and do business as law provides and keep in mind the interest of their fellow manufacturers because due to a few illegal manufacturers the whole industry is suffering. Wishing you all the Best J. Venugopal Hon.Secretary

A request from Treasurer Dear members, Please remit the annual subscription fee of the association for the year 2010-2011 together with past dues if any, immediately to help the association to serve you better. Narendra Baldwa Treasurer 55 5

Seminar on Plastics for Green Buildings Organized By: APPMA, 24th September’10 The seeds for the event on Plastics for Green Buildings were sown in June when Sh. KPN visited HYD RO.

ordination with Reliance Industries Limited planned the seminar on “Plastics for Green Buildings” in order to

During his meet with APPMA, Sh. Amrit Patel, then President, APPMA made the point that there was a huge scope for developing the latent PVC profile market. Sh. KPN emphasized that plastics promote green buildings & also assured that RIL would provide all the requisite support with the involvement of the local HYD office.

highlight the various applications of plastics and how they are useful for Green Buildings. The event was organized on the 24th of Sep’10 at HICC, Novotel, Hyderabad and was sponsored by raw material manufacturers, machinery manufacturers, additive manufacturers & window/door profile manufacturers. The event was very well attended with a total of 170 people attending the seminar. The press covered the event extensively & lot of publicity was generated

The attendees were across a wide spectrum with people from the building/construction industry, government departments, infrastructure companies, plastic processors, fabricators all making their presence felt.

The event was covered in the following leading national/ vernacular newspapers – Sakshi – Vartha – The Hindu – Prajashakthi – Businessline – Andhra Jyoti – Hindi Milap

Out of the total attendees 25% were Builders & Architects Breakup of the attendees is given below:

The following TV channels covered the event and telecast the same – RK news – HMTV The event generated huge initial interest with major newspapers both English as well as regional covering the event extensively. Andhra Pradesh Plastic Manufacturers Association in co-

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The event was inaugurated by APPMA members and the Guest of Honor. Shri. D. Chandra Shekhar, Director, MSME – Development Institute by lighting the ceremonial lamp

Mr. Sunil Kadam & Mr. Sanjay Nawander gave an insight into the range of reliable additives which make uPVC processing easier, simpler & also impart adequate properties. It was highlighted in their speech that how regional climatic conditions could influence the profile formulations It would be worth mentioning that all the additives indicated by them are manufactured in India. The presentation from Elumatec was given by Mr. P.S. Satish Kumar The topic of the presentation was “New Technology Window Making” Fabrication is the heart of Window Door profile supply chain.

Guest of Honor, Shri D Chandrasekhar said that “Ministry provided funding support to MSME units that adopt energy efficient technologies. A grant of 25 per cent of the project cost subject to a ceiling of Rs 10 lakhs would be given to MSME units that adopt energy efficient technologies.”

The success of window market also depends on the degree of sophistication of fabrication lines. Mr. S. Kumar’s presentation gave an assurance that reliable, efficient and accurate fabrication lines are and will be made available in India.

He also said that “As per a study, green buildings can save 35 per cent of the carbon emissions, 40 per cent of water, 50 per cent of energy and 70 per cent solid waste during its lifetime”.

The presentation from NCL Wintech was given by Mr. Ashven Datla, Director.

The presentations from Gruber Battenfield were given by Mr. Gerhard Dunzinger from Gruber & Mr. Divyesh Shah from Cincinatti Battenfield.

The topic of the presentation was “uPVC doors & windows: How it works for Green”

The topic of their presentation was “ Green Machinery for Green Building Products” The presentations were on the latest extrusion technologies in pipe & profile extrusion. Mr. Divyesh Shah & Mr. Gruber Dunzinger took us through the entire cycle of uPVC profile extrusion machinery highlighting the energy efficient extrusion program. So new innovative machines are available for uPVC windows & pipes now. The presentations from Indofil were given by Mr. Sanjay Nawander & Mr. Sunil kadam. Mr. Ashven Datla in his presentation highlighted that the uPVC window market in India is on a very firm footing. Even though it is in nascent stage, it is all set to take off.

The topic of their presentation was “PVC additives for Green Building Products” The importance of additives in plastics processing is well recognized and well practiced

Mr Datla made a very valid point stating that air conditioned

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buildings in India consume four times energy compared to the developed world, due to inadequate attention given to the framing and sealing material used for windows and doors.

materials he gave a strong message that uPVC Windows are here in India to stay. Mr. Divyesh Shah & Mr. Gerhard Dunzinger of Battenfield & Gruber extrusion took us through the entire cycle of uPVC profile extrusion machinery highlighting the energy efficient extrusion program. So any one interested in entering into the profile extrusion business have very good options in terms of the machinery available.

In his presentation comparing uPVC with other traditional materials he gave a strong message that uPVC Windows are here in India to stay. The presentation from NCL Wintech was given by Mr. Ashven Datla, Director.

The importance of additives in plastics processing is well recognized and well practiced

The topic of the presentation was “uPVC doors & windows: How it works for Green”

Mr. Sunil Kadam & Mr. Sanjay Nawander of Indofil gave an insight into the ranges of reliable additives which make uPVC processing easier, simpler & also impart adequate properties. It nicely came out in his speech that how regional climatic conditions could influence the profile formulations. It would be worth mentioning that all the additives indicated by them are manufactured in India. .

Mr. Ashven Datla in his presentation highlighted that the uPVC window market in India is on a very firm footing. Even though it is in nascent stage, it is all set to take off. Mr Datla made a very valid point stating that air conditioned buildings in India consume four times energy compared to the developed world, due to inadequate attention given to the framing and sealing material used for windows and doors.

India, one of the fastest growing economies provides huge opportunities in the infrastructure sector. The world is awakening to the needs of energy efficient building solutions and energy saving windows play a very important role in making buildings energy efficient. Mr. Ashven Datla, Director, NCL Wintech in his presentation highlighted that the uPVC window market in India is on a strong footing. Even though it is in nascent stage, it is all set to take off.

In his presentation comparing uPVC with other traditional materials he gave a strong message that uPVC Windows are here in India to stay. The presentation from NCL Wintech was given by Mr. Ashven Datla, Director.

Mr. Datla made a very valid point that air conditioned buildings in India consume four times energy compared to the developed world, due to their inadequate attention to framing and sealing material used for windows and doors. In his presentation comparing uPVC with other traditional materials he gave strong message that uPVC Windows are here in India to stay.

The topic of the presentation was “uPVC doors & windows: How it works for Green” Mr. Ashven Datla in his presentation highlighted that the uPVC window market in India is on a very firm footing. Even though it is in nascent stage, it is all set to take off. Mr Datla made a very valid point stating that air conditioned buildings in India consume four times energy compared to the developed world, due to inadequate attention given to the framing and sealing material used for windows and doors. In his presentation comparing uPVC with other traditional

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Fabrication is the heart of Window Door profile supply chain. The success of window market also depends on the degree of sophistication of fabrication lines. More and more fabrication machinery should be made available in India for this industry to grow. Mr. S. Kumar’s presentation has given us assurance that reliable, efficient and accurate fabrication lines are and will be made available in India.

Mr. S.S. Naik gave the overview about PVC market in India. Strong message of PVC as sustainable material was given by them. Dr. Shreekanth Diwan took us through the entire life cycle of plastic products giving us the message that they are by all sense Green.

throughout their life-cycle, are light and hence easy to transport and install, are recyclable at the end of their useful life are reasons enough to consider them as an integral part of building & construction. From an environmental point of view plastics prevent deforestation.

A green building is an environmentally sustainable building designed, constructed & operated to minimize the total environmental impacts.

Plastics are employed in myriad building and construction applications in the form of windows & doors, pipes for water management, flooring & wall coverings, wires & cables, roofing, siding, decking, railings.

Well designed green buildings will save money, increase comfort & create healthier environments for people to live & work, using improved indoor air quality, natural daylight & thermal comfort.

The positive response generated from the seminar needs to be channeled to promote green building concepts. Builders & Architects to be followed up on continuous basis for conversion to usage of plastics instead of traditional materials

Buildings having the following parameters are rated as green – Siting and structure design efficiency – Energy Efficiency – Water Efficiency – Material Efficiency – Indoor environment quality enhancement – Operations and maintenance optimization – Waste Reduction

Develop new entrepreneurs/Increased focus on existing PVC profile manufacturers. Work closely with APPMA to highlight the benefits of plastics to various government bodies

Plastics in Building & Construction Plastics are Resource efficient, consume lower energies

To promote plastics as the ideal material for use in the B&C /Infrastructure sector.

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Press Releases

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News Update Green Brigade for Better Roads

Chapter 11 proceedings or stopped supplying their approved materials.

The Siliguri Municipal Corporation has planned to introduce Green Police to help clear encroachments from the pavements in town, guide the residents on parking rules and enforce plastic ban.”We are planning to introduce Green Police, a group of volunteers from NGOs, to help the residents get hassle-free footpaths and parking. They will also guide them to avoid using plastic bags,” said deputy mayor Nantu Pal.Pavements along Hill Cart Road, Sevoke Road and Bidhan Road, the three main roads in town, are mostly occupied by vendors. Often two-wheelers are parked on the footpaths forcing pedestrians to use the main roads. The civic body will hold a meeting with the trade bodies here.”I have already spoken to the Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industries, north Bengal, and requested them to urge the members to keep the footpaths free of goods,” said Pal.”It is not always possible for police or the councillors to remove the encroachers and keep tabs on them. Continuous monitoring is required, that is why we will take the help of the volunteers,” he said.Pal added that he will hold a meeting with the NGOs here. “After that we will approach the police for necessary guidelines.” According to the deputy mayor, the squad will have around 50 volunteers.

Vistakon, a supplier of contact lenses and part of the Johnson & Johnson group, is rigorous in its procurement of medical polymers. The company considers qualifying alternate suppliers in case of unexpected failure. One of the big issues is the cost of qualification and the company starts its process with a complete quality audit of a potential supplier. There is an FDA 30-day notice procedure for registering an Alternate Qualified Supplier of a Critical Material, however if the data submitted is incomplete this can be extended from six months onwards. Monitoring shelf-life of polymers is important for performance. Boston Scientific conducts a variety of tests to check materials for suitability for purpose, and puts safety measures in place. For example, there can be variations in molecular weight distribution affecting overall properties. Tests for material performance include gel permeation chromatography (GPC) for molecular weight, capillary rheometry for viscosity, melt flow index for ease of flow, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) for thermal transitions and qualitative analysis, and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR) for contamination and identification.

Medical polymers industry: money in, money out The medical plastics industry is set to expand rapidly over the next decade taking up increasing proportions of GDP, as countries provide healthcare to an ageing population, access to medicine expands in developing regions and new technology is developed, writes Dr Sally Humphreys.

Many factors can affect materials including transport and storage conditions: as one example, polyamide is moisture sensitive.

Some of the issues in using polymers in medicine were debated at the latest AMI conference on Medical Grade Polymers, which took place September 14-15, 2010 in Philadelphia, USA.

In another instance a warning was issued that handling the material with propane-powered forklifts could give it a pink colour. Boston Scientific puts patient safety at the top of design priorities, together with comfort and ease of use for physicians. Cost effectiveness is becoming a big factor in current development. In some company takeovers a legacy device, which is not going to be developed further, is bought as part of the deal so the existing materials will be kept in use.There is no value to the company in this instance in expensive validation of new suppliers.

The quality controls in place in the medical device industry are stringent for reasons of patient safety. The whole industry relies on timely communication between suppliers and manufacturers. For example, under FDA regulations if there is a change in manufacturing or polymer supplier then the situation must be notified and re-evaluated. If the change is regarded as significant then more testing may need to be undertaken, which can delay or halt production of a device.

Clariant International Masterbatch Business Unit has been reviewing its place in the healthcare markets due to the risks of brand damage if problems arise, and has moved to a more rigorous approach.

Most manufacturers require around a 2-year lead time for a change of polymer. Last years economic crisis left some companies in a difficult situation when suppliers entered

The specialist knowledge-base for this industry is now focused in three locations in USA, Europe and Asia, all of which are ISO13485 certified. Colour is being used in the 13 13 13

industry for aesthetic and safety purposes. For example, different doses or types of drug containers can be colorcoded. The home healthcare market is expanding as patients receive medical support locally for convenience and to relieve the load on the hospital system: this is leading to more stylish casings and visible components.

The Neuromodulation division at Boston Scientific is involved in production of stimulation leads, enclosures with feedthroughs, and biocompatibility analysis. Polyurethane is used in pacing and NeuroStim leads, based on polyether PU. In the 1980s there were problems with the PU insulation of pacing leads caused by giant cells in the body releasing lysozyme, which in turn gives rise to free radicals, causing environmental stress cracking. Since that time, PU chemistry for implants has been improved by reducing the amount of soft domain and cutting the potential for hydrolytic cleavage. However, if a device is improperly installed leading to tensile stress, for example by using a very tight suture, then issues can still arise: a suture sleeve can protect against this occurrence.

For commodity polymer companies such as Basell Polyolefins, a LyondellBasell company, the volumes required by the medical industry are very small so it is not practical to set aside whole plants just for that purpose. It would be impractical to set up clean room procedures for a site covering 3-4 square miles. There are variations in polyolefins from the use of different synthesis methods such as metallocene versus Ziegler-Natta catalysts, which give different grades with different molecular weight distribution and combination with different additives. All of these factors can significantly affect the properties of the polymers. Hence LyondellBasell has developed the Purell specialty healthcare grades.

Aortech Biomaterials supplies PU with polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) soft segments, which are more biostable and have good oxidative stability. This is currently in use in over 1 million pacemakers and defibrillators, as biliary and urinary stent coatings, and in cardiac and pulmonary cannula applications. Carbonate can be introduced into the PDMS to increase polarity and give lower hardness with high tensile properties.

Engineering and high performance plastics are supplied to the medical markets by companies like SABIC Innovative Plastics. In line with many other polymer suppliers, applications are limited to less than 29 days body exposure, because the long-term implant industry is relatively high risk in terms of liability. SABIC polycarbonate blends have been used in thin wall injection molded housings and polyetherimide in subcuticular skin staplers, as two examples. The European regulations on Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) are now affecting healthcare, for example where lead is used in radiation shielding. Specialty compounds can be used to replace lead.

Thermoplastic PU (TPU) is supplied by Lubrizol Advanced Materials: the business was acquired from BF Goodrich. The ISOPLAST grade has a flexural modulus up to 2,200,000psi and very good low temperature impact properties. It can be colored with masterbatch and is being used as metal replacement. It has excellent chemical resistance and has been tested with hospital disinfectants such as bleach and glutaraldehyde. It can be sterilized using ethylene oxide, gamma and electron beam irradiation. This TPU can be extruded into film with good barrier properties to oxygen. Impact modified ISOPLAST is being used in applications such as ultrasound paddle handles and flexible joints with thin walls. A glass-reinforced grade was used as metal replacement in an abdominal retractor where the number of parts was reduced from 49 to 8 and the risk of cuts from the sharp metal was eliminated.

Biodegradable plastics have a role in temporary medical devices providing a function until the body is able to recover, for example in tissue scaffolding. ELLA-CS in the Czech Republic is using polydioxanone in gastrointestinal and tracheobronchial stents to maintain a patent lumen: gradual hydrolysis of the device removes it without surgical intervention.

The body is one of the most hostile environments for materials and hence ultra high performance plastics have a role. Evonik Industries is producing new VESTAKEEP PEEK for medical devices, launched in 2009 for permanent implants. It has a Master File with the FDA for devices and will assist manufacturers.

Meditech Medical Polymers has been working with next generation UHMWPE. In the past the material did not contain stabilisers or processing aids. Now a few antioxidants have been approved for use including Vitamin E (alpha tocopherol). The stabilized material needs light barrier packaging and there is increased potential for inclusions, color variation and cross-contamination. However it offers reduced degradation and maintenance of mechanical properties. It is very expensive to change a material and the supplier and device manufacturer have to agree who is taking responsibility. Again, communication is key.

Oxford Performance Materials produces one of the ultimate performance plastics, polyether ketone ketone (PEKK), and production is planned to increase in the US and France as the company has been acquired by Arkema. PEKK can be amorphous or crystalline and has good chemical resistance, high mechanical properties and excellent electrical 14 14 14

resistance. Density is similar to cortical bone. In some situations it can be applied as a melt giving good adhesion. The amorphous material has been used in a cranial clip; it is also thermoformable. There are OsteoFab grades for digital manufacturing.

Sterilization procedures are designed to kill pathogens such as bacteria and fungi, however there can still be problems with chemical and particulate contaminants on medical devices, which are not removed by these methods. The Cambridge Polymer Group is working on such cleanliness issues for medical devices. The first case study was carried out for Sulzer Orthopedics, which noticed poor tissue ingrowth with a particular batch of titanium acetabular shell hip devices. The problem was tracked to a pyrogen contaminant, and after examining manufacturing facilities the source was found to be endotoxins in the sump water of a machine shop. Devices cleaned by nitric acid passivation did not show the same level of problems. Cambridge Polymer Group is now looking at methods of identifying substances on explants as a way of finding the sources of failure using techniques such as FTIR and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS).

DuPont Performance Polymers supplies polymers to the medical market for general healthcare applications and those involving brief or temporary (no more than 29 days) implantation.The companys healthcare products include PBT, PET, POM, polyamide, and some elastomers. The company is developing these materials from renewable sources as well. One example of use is the Niagara foot developed in Toronto for victims of landmines, which requires low flexural fatigue, high stress resistance, high flow for manufacturing thick parts, excellent impact properties, and storage and release of energy. Hytrel TPCET, a thermoplastic polyester elastomer, was used in this project and the device was tested to 2 million cycles (twice the strides of an average adult per year), over 3330N heel load and over 2790N for toe loads.

New materials can take a long time to develop. Altrika has adopted chemical synthesis technology from the pharmaceutical industry, High Throughput Combinatorial Chemistry, for rapid polymer research. The in-house library comprises over 2,000 polymers including blends of biodegradable plastics. Materials are formed and deposited in a microarray glass slide containing 100 different plastics. The slide is dried and tested, for example, for adhesion to different types of cell lines. The company has been involved in developing a corneal bandage to promote growth of replacement epithelial cells with Moorfields Eye Hospital. It is working on blood filtration polymer coatings to selectively remove white cells. A third product is Myskin, which is a proprietary cell delivery membrane for wound cover.

Tritan from Eastman Chemical has been tested for medical applications using a variety of procedures. It performs well under irradiation and ethylene oxide sterilization including good color stability. It is close to polycarbonate in toughness (Notched Izod test) and has been tested for chemical resistance to lipids and strong disinfectants. It is currently being tested for use in a new wireless monitoring device worn on the arm. Parylene coatings provide excellent chemical resistance and this is attracting attention from other industries including aerospace. Specialty Coating Systems provides these vapor phase polymers for medical devices. They are para-xylylene based molecules and provide a chemical, moisture and fluid barrier between the body and the device, as well as being biocompatible. The material is vaporized, pyrrolysed and deposited. In a new development, the company is also making tiny devices from this material by deposition, such as an intraocular pressure sensor based on a spiral tube, and micro cortical implants with a cable and shanks which are completely flexible.

The potential for polymers in the medical and pharmaceutical industries is endless as new materials come on stream. AMI is organizing two events in 2011 to discuss the new trends and offer networking opportunities. Medical Device Polymers 2011 will take place June 7-9 at the Maritim Hotel in Cologne, Germany and Medical Grade Polymers 2011 is situated at the Hilton City Avenue, Philadelphia from 1314 September 201.

The effects of gamma irradiation, electron beam and ethylene oxide sterilization on silicone rubber have been studied by Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics. It is widely used in medical devices due to its biocompatibility and purity. Liquid silicone rubber, platinum cured high consistency rubber (HCR) and the more rigid peroxide cured HCR were all examined. Both gamma and electron beam treatment lead to a rise in tensile modulus and a reduction in tensile elongation and tear strength. Ethylene oxide had minimal effects on the physical properties.

Europe needs new markets for exporting plastic scrap By Steve Toloken Europe’s plastic recycling industry is too dependent on China as a market and should work to open up scrap exports to places like India, the Middle East and Africa, according to the head of one of Europe’s plastics recycling trade groups. 15 15 15

China and Hong Kong together took 90 percent of Europe’s 7.3 billion pounds of plastic scrap exports in 2009, leading to a “serious” dependency for European recyclers, said Surendra Borad, chairman of the plastics committee of an industry trade group, the Bureau of International Recycling.

But Borad said BIR argues to European government agencies that they should not restrict free trade: “It is not possible to recycle all kinds of plastics scrap in Europe.” He said there should be more effort toward standardization of scrap.

“If the Chinese plastics market sneezes, we get a cold; if the Chinese get a cold, we develop fever; if the Chinese get a fever, then we develop pneumonia,” he said in a recent BIR statement.

Plastic scrap imports to China from all countries went up to 3.97 billion pounds from January to March of this year, but there has been slack in Chinese imports in the last three months.

In an Aug. 12 e-mail to Plastics News, he said Brusselsbased BIR is working to open markets in India, for example, and believes that country could easily import up to 2.2 billion pounds of plastic for recycling a year — five times current levels.

He said exports to the Middle East and Africa could be developed but will take more time. BIR represents 700 companies and 40 national associations involved in recycling many different materials.

Borad is also chairman of Gemini Corp. NV in Antwerp, Belgium.

Bilcare buying Ineos film unit By Dan Hockensmith

The difficulty with India, according to Borad, is that the government considers plastic scrap a waste, rather than a potential resource, so it limits imports. Only about 30 companies in Indiacan bring in plastic waste, other than PET, for recycling, he said.

Ineos Group has agreed to sell its global films business to India’s Bilcare Ltd. for about $132 million. The deal — which is to take place under German law between subsidiaries Ineos Films AG of Staufen, Germany, and newly formed Bilcare AG — will include only the films unit of Lyndhurst, England-based Ineos. The group’s PVC compounds and Barex resin units will continue to operate as part of Ineos, spokesman Richard Longden said in an Aug. 4 telephone interview. Barex has a plant in Lima, Ohio.

“BIR is regularly in contact with the environment ministry in India, for example, to ensure that there should not be fresh restrictions,” said Borad, who was re-elected as head of BIR’s plastics committee in June. “BIR was very successful in reducing the restrictions on imports of metal scrap.” Besides PET, India has strong demand now for clean low density polyethylene, he said.

“The Ineos Films business is no longer core to the Ineos Group as the company focuses its attention on its largescale petrochemicals businesses,” Ineos CEO Iain Hogan said in an Aug. 2 news release.

India’s position contrasts with China’s, where about 15.4 billion pounds of recycled plastic are imported each year because that country considers it a potential resource, Borad said.

Ineos Films manufactures products for pharmaceutical blister packaging; films for printing and decoration; films for thermoformed packaging; shrink film for sleeves, capsules and credit cards; and specialty films.

Chinese imports of plastic scrap from Europe hit 7.3 billion pounds last year, up from 4.94 billion pounds in 2008, as European consumption dropped and market dynamics pushed more exports to China, he said.

The business employs around 1,300 at manufacturing sites in Staufen, Bötzingen, and Weissandt-Gölzau, Germany; Castiglione Olona and Fucine di Ossana, Italy; Nasik and Thane,India; and Delaware City, Del.

Other plastics recycling groups in Europe have taken a different point of view than BIR’s, suggesting that European governments instead should limit exports of scrap to Asia. In a statement last year, the Brussels-based European Plastics Recyclers trade group said the increase in exports was hurting European recyclers, and it said Chinese and other Asian recyclers had an advantage because they operate with much weaker labor and social standards, including in some cases using child labor.

According to Longden, the unit produces around 120 tons of films annually and has yearly sales of about $316 million. Pune, India-based Bilcare offers pharmaceutical packaging, and research, global clinical-trial supplies and services, and anti-counterfeiting technology. Its facilities are in India, Singapore, the U.S. and the United Kingdom. 16 16 16

A source at Bilcare would not comment on whether there are any plans to downsize the North American workforce as a result of the Ineos acquisition. The source said that historically Bilcare has upgraded equipment and added personnel as it acquired properties, while leaving local management in place.

based Tata Group. Tata Technologies supplied engineering support to Tata Motors throughout the development of the car. To meet founder Ratan Tata’s promised price, Harris said the automaker and its suppliers kept in mind the car’s intended customers: motorcycle and scooter drivers who wanted an enclosed, safer vehicle but could not afford cars already on the market. The targeted drivers would not be looking for a conventional car, but very basic transportation at a low cost.

The Ineos-Bilcare deal is expected to be completed at the end of August, subject to necessary regulatory filings and approvals. Meanwhile, Heinz Gaertner has been appointed executive chairman of Bilcare AG in Germany.

After early discussions about whether to use plastic body panels, the company stuck with a steel body but minimized curves to reduce the number of dies needed to make each panel.

Ineos reported about $47 billion in 2009 sales. It employs about 16,000 at 64 plants in 14 countries. Founded in 1995, Bilcare has annual sales of about $62 million. It employs 500. Its Bilcare Inc. unit is based in Phoenixville, Pa.

The fuel-filler cap is under the hood, eliminating the cost of developing a separate access panel, and it is close to the fuel tank, reducing the amount of plastic tube and filler lines, Harris said.

Engineers’ radical thinking leads to Nano By Rhoda Miel When India’s Tata Motors Ltd. set out to make the world’s least-expensive passenger car, it knew it had to do more than simply remove parts from an existing vehicle.

The instrument panel is a one-piece, injection molded hard thermoplastic with no extra trim and no glove box, trimming part and tooling costs, he said. The same mold and parts can be used for both the left-hand- and right-hand-drive versions of the car.

It had to rethink every aspect of the car to meet a target of selling a complete vehicle for $2,500. That required what Warren Harris, president and chief operating officer of Tata Technologies Inc., calls “frugal engineering” — something traditional carmakers may not understand.

“In a conventional vehicle, seats are heavily sculpted, and they benefit from a tremendous amount of padding,” Harris said. “They also have a fairly sophisticated reclining and travel system. For aesthetics, there are a large number of plastic trim parts.”

“A low-cost mindset is part of the DNA of an Indian engineer,” Harris said Aug. 3, during the Center for Automotive Research’s Management Briefing Seminars in Traverse City. “If [a typical auto-maker] was challenged with the responsibility of coming up with a low-cost vehicle, what they would probably do is position a price point that was just below what was previously the lowest-priced vehicle in the market,” he said.

The Nano’s seats use minimal urethane foam padding. The car uses plastic trim only to cover metal gears that pose a safety issue because of sharp edges or spots where fingers can get caught. The headrest is part of the seat, saving the cost of an additional part.

They would then take out just a bit of the content — perhaps power windows or electronic locks — but still fill the car with enough high technology and aesthetics to compete with other cars on the market.

“What [Tata Motors] did was position the price because that was what the customer could afford,” Harris said. “Then they challenged themselves to take cost out.”

Shredding can reduce waste storage costs and generate additional revenue

“It would be very difficult for a Western [automaker] to come up with a type of disruptive innovation that delivered a vehicle at 50 percent of what was previously the cheapest vehicle in the market,” Harris said.

It is now more than ten years since the EU Landfill Directive set mandatory targets for the UK to cut landfill volumes or face hefty fines, and while some people face the deadlines with optimism, there is concern elsewhere that the UK’s overall approach to waste management is trailing behind continental Europe.

Tata Technologies, based in Novi, Mich., is a sister company to Tata Motors, the creator of the Nano, which went on sale in India in 2009. Both firms are part of Mumbai, India17 17 17

There was a time when the market for industrial waste shredding systems was limited to a specific range of companies with largely heavy duty waste disposal requirements. Technological innovation, landfill directive pressures and the drive for cost efficiencies have combined to make waste shredding an important consideration for companies that before didn’t even think it possible.

Last year the UK, with a population of 60.5 million, has only 24 EfW plants compared to environmentally conscious Denmark, which has 32 plants for a population of five million. A survey by international legal practice Norton Rose has also revealed that more than two thirds (69%) of senior waste sector stakeholders believe the UK will miss the 2013 landfill reduction target.

As waste technology becomes ever more innovative, revolutionary machines have the capability of shredding a diverse range of materials. Clients with confidential waste, for example, can now physically shred their hard drives rather than just wiping the information clean. Elsewhere, larger waste companies can now shred historically difficult household materials such as mattresses and carpets, with the same equipment to process their normal waste streams.

There is however still chance to catch up. News that France and Germany have already been able to meet their EU targets sends a clear message that it can be done – providing the UK embraces innovative waste processing technologies in the same way. And encouragingly, there are signs that this is beginning to happen. For example, the excitement surrounding Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) continues to grow, as evermore revolutionary ways to process Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) are sought by clients.

But technological advancement is not the only reason that shredders are being used in more and more varying scenarios.

The innovative composting process of anaerobic digestion (AD) also presents significant opportunities for businesses, especially as biogas fuels come into sharper focus as a potential contributor to the future energy mix. After placing used waste food products – that have been shredded and screened at pre-treatment stage – into vats for composting, the resulting rich biomass gas (methane and carbon dioxide) can be harvested for use as fuel.

An increasing number of companies are faced with the need to reduce waste storage costs and more importantly alleviate the pressures of landfill charges. So whilst the idea of shredding old wooden pallets perhaps doesn’t stand out as the most pioneering waste management development, when you consider that just 6 to 9 tonnes of shredded woodchip in a biomass burner generates enough energy to heat a 3000 sqm industrial unit for an entire week, the economic and environmental benefits take on a life of their own.

Clearly, initial capital expenditure on such waste management solutions is sizeable and a difficult cost to bear for a company that may already be struggling with the impact of the current economic downturn.

Wood is a non-hazardous material that should not – and cannot, by law – end up in the general waste stream. So rather than stockpiling pallets as a waste product, factories – armed with information like this – can begin to see the advantages of either creating their own ‘renewable’ energy source or supplying it to a third party as a reduced-size recyclable.

What many companies fail to realise however, is that potentially difficult waste sorting and segregation processes, such as picking out plastics, wood and metals that would have gone to landfill five years ago, can now be handled with relative ease. So a small skip company that sends its municipal solid waste (MSW), construction and demolition waste, and other commercial and industrial waste to a larger waste transfer processor, is effectively throwing money away.

Even where waste is approved for landfill, the associated charges are high. Therefore working towards 100% recyclability now, rather than waiting to be pushed by Government directive, is undoubtedly the cheaper option in the long run.

Even if the company picks out the ‘easy recyclables’ before sending it on, it is effectively turning its back on the possibility of extracting further recyclable materials. A small company could receive up to 40 tonnes of plastic waste a month for example, and with prices rising again, this would in fact provide a welcome additional revenue stream. This would easily cover the cost of the shredding equipment required to make this a profitable recyclable.

Of course ‘the long run’ is part of the issue, as it is very tempting to ignore EU landfill diversion initiatives while we struggle for economic stability. But whether or not businesses feel ready and able to exercise their corporate social responsibility and reduce their environmental impact, current unprecedented pressures on the Government and waste management industry to find alternative solutions for utilising waste are not about to disappear.

Education about the possibilities is crucial to moving 18 18 18

forward, yet Government assistance is sporadic – helpful schemes pop up but then quickly fall by the wayside. The responsibility perhaps therefore lies with the waste management and transfer industry, to promote the benefits of advanced technologies and be a constant source of information and advice.

carrybags will not be allowed. The Secretariate health inspector has been appointed as the nodal officer to oversee the implementation of the ban. “Taking a cue from the Environment Protection Act, 1986, a ban on the use of plastic has been imposed in the Secretariat. In fact, there should be a ban on the use of plastic in all public places, but a separate notification is needed from the government for that,” said the principal secretary of general administration (political), Mr R.M. Gonela. He asked ministers and their personal secretaries to follow the instructions.

The industry should not exist solely to supply and distribute machinery. Rather, we have a duty of care to share our insight and help clients design efficient and cost-effective waste management processes and solutions. Such advice will not only reap considerable rewards for clients, but it will enable the industry to stake a much deserved claim on the contribution it is making to environmental improvement.

The special protection force, which looks after the Secretariate security, has been asked to implement the ban and bring violators to the notice of the nodal officer. “No exceptions will be made even for higher officials and political leaders who visit the Secretariat. If anybody is found littering, he/she will be fined immediately,” said Mr Anwar Basha, the chief security officer of the Secretariat.

Recycle old or unwanted CDs, DVDs and games for cash It is estimated that 2500 tonnes of CDs are discarded and sent to landfill each year, with tens of millions more simply left lying around unplayed. gives people the opportunity to quickly and easily convert these unused CDs into hard cash instead of simply throwing them away, helping to reduce the overall number sent to landfill each year.

It was Chetana, a cultural organisation in the Secretariat, which took the initiative to convince the government to issue a notification making the Secretariat a plastic free zone.

Dirty money myth busted’ The ‘dirty money’ myth seems to have finally been dispelled, after a new study has revealed that banknotes don’t pick up enough bacteria to be dangerous. For the study, an international team, led by Ballarat University, has analysed banknotes from at least ten nations and found these are not contaminated with dangerous levels of bacteria, the ‘Foodborne Pathogens and Disease’ journal said. Lead researcher Dr Frank Vriesekoop said: “The richer and more developed countries had fewer bacteria on their money than poorer countries. “Importantly, nowhere in the world were alarming levels of pathogenic bacteria found on money. We also found the age of the banknotes, and the material of which they are made will affect the extend of contamination of that money.” The international study included researchers from ten universities and research institutes. A total of 1280 currency notes were collected from food outlets such as foodshops and cafeterias and screened to ascertain the presence of bacteria. The countries where the research was conducted include Australia, Burkina Faso, China, Ireland, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, the UK and the US. “The older notes are more wrinkled, so that dirt and bacteria can easily nestle in the folds of the notes. “The material the banknotes are made of was also found to be important. In most countries banknotes are made from a cotton based material; while in Australia, New Zealand, and Mexico the banknotes are made from a polymer, is urging people not to throw away their old or unwanted CDs, DVDs and games, but to recycle them for cash, encouraging consumers to take an ecofriendly approach to generating extra money. Rob Fox, Marketing Director for, said: “As more people move to digital music players more CDs will be thrown away, heavily impacting on the environment. Recycling old CDs can help reduce this impact, so rather than throw away old albums why not do the green thing and recycle them? “Even if the CDs aren’t in perfect condition they can be repaired – and even heavy scratches can be cleaned up. And if a CD is not reusable it is almost 100% recyclable. Musicmagpie gives music lovers a great way to get rid of all their old CDs, DVDs and games and make some extra cash, while doing their bit for the environment!”

Plastic ban at Secretariat The general administration department has declared the state Secretariat a “no plastic zone” and has issued orders to ban the use of any plastic items across the Secretariat premises. Anyone caught in violation of the order will be fined Rs 500. Even items like plastic tea glasses, tiffin packages and 19 19 19

material. “We found that notes made from polymer material carried significantly less bacteria compared to the notes based on cotton,” Dr Vriesekoop said.

“Our plastic polymer switches come in an easy-to-workwith liquid solution. Using a method called ‘stamping,’ almost any lab can make optical devices out of the silicon rubber mould we’ve developed.”

New fibre optics tech to speed up internet

His biggest hurdle, says Scheuer, is in convincing the communications industry that polymers are stable materials.

It may look like a piece of gel but it’s a new nano-based telecom technology “enabler” that can make computers and the internet hundreds of times faster.

“There is a lot of prejudice in this industry against plastics. But this approach could take us to a new level of communication,” the researcher says, according to a TAU release.

The technology, that may be in use only five or 10 years in the future, is being designed by Koby Scheuer of Tel Aviv University’s (TAU) School of Electrical Engineering.

He also notes that the process is not much different from the way that mass numbers of DVDs are produced in a factory - except Scheuer works on a nano, not a “giant” micro, scale.

Scheuer has developed a new plastic-based technology for the nano-photonics market, which manufactures optical devices and components. His plastic-based “filter” is made from nanometre (a billionth of a metre) sized grooves embedded into the plastic.

His device can also be used in the gyros of planes, ships and rockets; inserted into cell phones; and made a part of flexible virtual reality gloves so doctors could “operate” on computer networks over large distances.

When used in fibre optics cable switches, this new device will make our communication devices smaller, more flexible and more powerful, he says.

These findings were published in Optics Express.

“Once Americans have a fibre optics cable coming into every home, all communication will go through it - telephone, cable TV, the Internet,” adds Scheuer.

Device ready to fix broken heart Scientists have devised a new strategy to fix the broken heart — a tiny scaffold that they claim will repair damaged cardiac muscle cells and help prevent congestive heart failure.

“But to avoid bottlenecks of information, we need to separate the information coming through into different channels. Our polymeric devices can do that in the optical domain - at a speed, quality and cost that the semiconductor industry can’t even imagine,” Scheuer says.

The University of Washington researchers, who developed the scaffold, said the damage to heart muscle following a heart attack is irreversible and it leads to congestive heart failure — the most common cause of death in developed countries.

In the next decade, fibre optic cables that now run from city to city will feed directly into every individual home. When that technology comes to light, the new plastic-based switches could revolutionise the way we communicate.

But the scaffold, which supports the growth of cardiac cells and blood vessels in laboratory animals, can be a new strategy to prevent people dying from congestive heart failure, they said in a release.

“Right now, we could transmit all of the written text of the world though a single fibre in a fibre optics cable in just a few seconds,” says Scheuer.

“Today, if you have a heart attack there’s nothing that doctors can do to repair the damage,” said lead author Buddy Ratner, a professor of bioengineering at the university.

“But in order to handle these massive amounts of communication data, we need filters to make sense of the incoming information. Ours uses a plastic-based switch, replacing hard-to-fabricate and expensive semiconductors.”

“You are, in essence, sentenced to a downhill slide, developing congestive heart failure that greatly shortens your lifespan,” he said.

Semi-conductors, grown on crystals in sterile labs and processed in special ovens, take days and sometimes months to manufacture. They are delicate and inflexible as well, Scheuer explains. 20 20 20

“Your body can’t make new heart cells, but what if we can deliver vital new cells in that damaged portion of the heart?”

Polymers That get Smaller When Stretched May be Key to Plastic That Heals Itself...

The tiny tubular porous scaffold, made from a jelly-like hydrogel material, can be injected into a damaged heart, where it will foster cell growth and eventually dissolve away, the researchers said.

A CHEMISTRY team in the US may have found the key to producing a plastic that can heal itself.

It not only supports cardiac muscle growth, but also accelerates the body’s ability to supply oxygen and nutrients to the transplanted tissue.

Graduate student Jeremy Lenhardt was testing the limits of polymers - molecules that form the basis for materials in our daily lives such as silicon, rubber and neoprene - in the chemistry lab at Duke University in North Carolina.

The idea is, the scientists said, doctors can seed the scaffold with stem cells from either the patient or a donor, then implant it when the patient is treated for a heart attack, before scar tissue has formed.

Working his way through a “library” of polymers, Mr Lenhardt stumbled across one particular species that reacted bizarrely.

The scaffold, a flexible polymer with interconnected pores all of the same size, also includes channels to accommodate cardiac cells’ preference for fusing together in long chains.

The polymers contained ring-shaped molecules called gemdifluorocyclopropanes, which, when stretched, remained in that state for much longer than expected, before shrinking back to even smaller rings.

World’s smallest 3D map created Scientists claim to have created the world’s smallest three dimensional map, a map of the Earth, so small that 1,000 of them could fit on one grain of salt.

Yes, the more they were stretched, the smaller they got. “To come across this discovery was a bit like having Christmas in July. And then August. And then September,” Mr Lenhardt said.

A team at computer giant IBM accomplished this through a new, breakthrough technique which uses a tiny, silicon tip with a sharp apex,100,000 times smaller than a sharpened pencil,to create patterns and structures as small as 15 nanometers at greatly reduced cost and complexity.

I ran up to (collleague Stephen Craig’s) office (and said) ‘Steve, something funny is going on here. Look at this!’”

According to the scientists, this patterning technique opens new prospects for developing nanosised objects in fields such as electronics, future chip technology, medicine, life sciences, and optoelectronics.

Which is all well and good if you’ve got a chemistry degree and understand the importance of “transition states”, but all that comes later. For now, the important question is - will we ever suffer from flat tyres again?

The complete 3D map of the world measuring only 22 by 11 micrometers was “written” on a polymer. At this size, 1,000 world maps could fit on a grain of salt. It is composed of 500,000 pixels, each measuring 20 nm2, and was created in only 2 minutes and 23 seconds, the ‘Science and Advanced Materials’ journal reported.

What about mid-air explosions on planes? Will the hole disappear before we even see it? Military applications? Mr Craig said it was far too early to predict how the discovery would impact on our daily lives and was “reluctant to speculate” - but he did anyway.

The core component of the new technique, which was developed by a team of IBM scientists, is a tiny, very sharp silicon tip measuring 500 nanometers in length and only a few nanometers at its apex.

“Imagine that when small holes are formed in a piece of stretched plastic, the molecules in the plastic around it have gone into this “overstretched” state, so that once the stretching is over, they pull back even closer than before and help to mend the hole,” he told

“Advances in nanotechnology are intimately linked to the existence of high-quality methods and tools for producing nanoscale patterns and objects on surfaces,” said physicist, Dr Armin Knoll, of IBM Research in Zurich. “With its broad functionality and unique 3D patterning capability, this nanotip-based patterning methodology is a powerful tool for generating very small structures,” he added.

“Behaviour like this could be one piece (out of many) that could help to make something like that happen.”

21 21 21

He described the polymers’ behaviour as akin to what happens to a rope during a tug-of-war.

“The appreciation may marginalize the price competitiveness for Chinese products,” said Fu An, President of GDPIA, “Enterprises not possible to lower prices are urged to focus on brand building by leveraging technology innovations. Only through high product quality and popularity can their products win the market back.”

The rope is stretched and inside the rope, some of the strands break. When the game’s over, the threads that are broken find each other and reform in a different way to which they are formed, actually pulling the rope into a shorter length.

Jie Hongbo, an expert from the State-Owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, said the export-oriented plastic product industry is sensitive to currency appreciation. With most deals involving American and European buyers closed at the start of the year, Chinese product manufacturers have to bear huge risks of losing money in the event of RMB appreciation.

For all the chemists out there, it’s the length of the transition state in the polymers that causes the most excitement, because it’s by studying these that they can understand how products are formed from chemical reactions.

Haitian breaks records in 2010 first half

It’s the key to converting one type of substance into another, such as in the creation of a new drug or material.

Haitian International, China’s largest injection moulding machine maker, reported record-setting sales and profit for the first half of 2010 fuelled by strong demand in China and growth in emerging markets such as Brazil, the Middle East and Asia.

Normally, transition states occur in less than a tenth of a millionth of a millionth of second - far too quickly to study. The polymers that Mr Lenhardt studied held their transition states for much, much longer, Mr Craig said, opening up the possibility of forming entirely new materials in a crisis.

The company reported that first half sales hit 3.23bn yuan (€369m) with a net profit of 542m yuan (€61m), and said it plans to build another machinery factory, this time in the North China city of Dalian, that it aims to open in 2012.

“Perhaps these transition states that are trapped might be induced to form new bonds in a plastic right before it rips catastrophically,” he said.

The figures suggest Haitian was able to maintain its strong performance from the second half of 2009, its previous record six-month period, as the Chinese economy continued to expand. Haitian said both sales and profits were up 30% so far in 2010 over the previous high.

“Maybe the greatest contribution of this work is that it opens up new possibilities to consider. “I suspect that whatever impact Jeremy’s discovery has on future applications, it is most likely to be as a part of something that we haven’t considered yet.”

Whether they can keep that up, company officials said they could not be sure and noted some caution about the impact of the withdrawal of government stimulus spending around the world and the European debt crisis. But overall the tone at the company is bullish.

Chinese plastic products associations worry about RMB appreciation The appreciation of Chinese currency may lead to great loss of profit margins for plastic products export, warned China Plastics Processing Industry Association (CPPIA) and Guangdong Plastics Industry Association (GDPIA).

“Looking to the second half of this year and beyond, we are confident that China’s [plastic injection moulding machine] market will continue to enjoy healthy growth on the back of the sound economic development of the PRC,” Haitian said in a statement, arguing that demand from the building materials, home appliance and automobile markets remains solid in China.

In a feature story done recently by “China Petroleum”, the industry journal reported that the two associations estimated that export value would be down by RMB1.2 billion, leading to a profit loss of close to RMB300 million, if RMB is forced to have 1% appreciation.

The company said sales in the domestic China market in the first half of the year were 76% above the pre-crisis peak of 1.34bn yuan (€153m), in the first half of 2008. About 70% of Haitian’s sales are within China.

Based on the same calculation, the 3% or 5% appreciation would result in RMB3.6 billion and RMB6 billion loss in export value. The profits could be down by RMB800 million and RMB1.4 billion respectively.

While company officials acknowledged they are benefiting 22 22 22

from China’s overall economic growth, they also argue they are reaping benefits from decisions several years ago to focus research and development on energy saving machines, such as its Mars series. Chinese government policy now is very focused on energy efficiency, and that has forced companies to upgrade equipment, said executive director Helmar Franz.

to production, reinforce operational competitiveness, improve quality and cost competitiveness and enable innovative solutions to better meet customer needs and maximize overall corporate value. The domestic PET resin market has become increasingly competitive due to decreased demand for bottled beverages and growing imports of PET resin for bottles from other Asian countries. To respond to these tightening conditions, MCI and Teijin have been studying the potential advantages of integrating their PET resin operations and capitalizing on synergistic effects ranging from research and development to production and sales.

“The most help to us is this really strengthened [Chinese] government policy toward energy savings,” he said. “They will just close down companies. They have selected companies [in Ningbo, where Haitian is based] and they just won’t get the power. This is a big push for us.” Haitian said its energy savings Mars series grew to 65% of overall sales, up from 40% in the first half of 2009, as a result.

MCI has various PET-related operations, including the production of purified terephthalic acid (PTA), while Teijin produces paraxylene (PX), a raw material used in the production of PTA, as well as produces PET resin for bottles for distribution by Teijin Chemicals Ltd.

The company said it is now producing a faster version of its Mars machine, the Pallas series, and said sales of its allelectric Venus series, made in both Ningbo and at its Zhafir subsidiary in Germany, almost doubled in the first half of the year compared with all of 2009.

Under the newly announced agreement, the joint-venture company will integrate production, marketing and sales, and production technology. In particular, it will reinforce the total supply chain for PX and PTA production.

The Zhafir subsidiary plans to introduce its new Mercury series machines at the K 2010 Fair in Germany in October, as it tries to move into more expensive and more sophisticated machines.

The merger will provide MCI with stable, competitively priced supplies of PX and create a stable domestic purchaser for Teijinÿs PX.

Export sales also returned to pre-crisis levels for the first time, led by emerging economies, the firm said. Haitian said exports hit a historic high of 792.3m yuan (€60m), 17% above the previous high before the global economic crisis, with growth in particular coming from Brazil, where the company has an assembly plant, the Middle East including Iraq, other Asian markets, and Africa, Franz said.

The two companies will continue to pursue opportunities to maximize the synergistic effects of their collaboration and strengthen the cost advantages of their PET resin for bottles for enhanced corporate value and business sustainability.

The company also said it remains on track to open its new Vietnam plant in first half of 2011, with a capacity to produce about 1,000 machines a year initially. It will sell to the local market and to neighbouring countries such as Indonesia and Thailand.

Plastic recycling machine churns out plastic bricks from trash

Source :

Eco Factor: Machine recycles waste plastic by converting it into bricks. Dunedin man Peter Lewis has created a unique machine that transforms discarded plastic into building blocks of a multimillion-dollar business. Christened the Byfusion, the machine turns raw plastic into compacted bricks that can be used for garden retaining or landscaping walls.

Mitsui Chemicals and Teijin integrate domestic PET resin for bottles operation Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. and Teijin Limited, both Japanese chemical companies, announced earlier this month a basic agreement to form a joint-venture company that will integrate their domestic PET (polyethylene-terephthalate) resin for bottles operations.

The plastics from drink bottles and packaging boxes goes into the machine, which washes, dries and compacts the plastic to convert it into 10kg bricks in just 45 seconds. The developer is also considering using the bricks to build hurricane and tsunami shelters in the Pacific Islands or create cheaper sustainable housing in places where wood

The new company will optimize the synergistic effects of integrating their PET resin operations from supply chains 23 23 23

is scarce. Source :

bit of stench around the plant but that can be managed if the process is maintained properly. We distributed green and yellow baskets so that residents segregate waste before handing it over to us. The garbage is collected in covered autos and transported to the plant,’’ he said.

Bonaqua introduces “twistable” water bottle Bonaqua, a brand under global beverage group Coca-Cola, launched this month an extra-light, “twistable” water bottle. The innovative design allows the small bottle to be squeezed and disposed after consumption, contributed to much space-saving and convenience in recycling.

The plant generates manure and recycles plastic waste of around 250 to 260 kg. The organic manure is supplied to BBMP horticulture department and is used for various horticultural parks. The pellets from the recycled plastic are sold.

With storage of 500ml, the body, cap and bottle of the new bottle saves over 30% plastics material. The grip on the bottle body is suited for twisting the bottle.

SEGREGATION IS KEY Anil Derek, who was instrumental in developing the Malleswaram market organic waste-recycling unit, said a ward-wise recycling unit will have both advantages and disadvantages. These will be labour-intensive and maintenance costs can be high.

The new design encourages drinkers to keep the disposable bottle “handy” and save space of storing 86% in recycling.

Bangalore may have high-tech garbage recycling plants

“The idea sounds romantic but where is the space to develop these and who will maintain them? We should start with one or two pilot projects where residents are enthusiastic and see how they are being maintained,” he said.

Your city could soon have high-tech garbage recycling plants. But you may have to pay a garbage cess. Recycling plants, called waste convertors, will have twotonne capacity. It will be set up on the lines of a solid waste recycling plant in Yelahanka. BBMP commissioner Siddaiah said, “These plants will only come up in areas where land can be acquired without much hassle and residents do not object.”

According to former Karnataka Pollution Control Board chairman H C Sharathchandra, the law has a provision of levying a garbage management cess that can be used for maintenance of such plants. “If units in every ward are not maintained and waste is not segregated at source, then they will become dumpyards or breeding grounds for mosquitoes and strays,’’ he said.

He said: “It’s best to prepare citizens about paying garbage cess. However, a decision has to be taken up by the council and cleared by the government.’’ “We are recycling waste at two big plants near Hoskote and Doddaballapur. Now we plan to have at least two or three more,’’ he claimed.

S N Balasumramanium, president, Garbage Contractors Association, said the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules are not followed. “Some groups segregate waste but almost all households don’t know anything about segregation.’’

Experts say decentralized garbage management’s success lies in its implementation. The Yelahanka garbage recycling unit is facing issues for being labour-intensive and generating high power bills. The plant officials have to pay Rs 40,000 per month as electricity bill. It needs at least 10 to 15 people to segregate one tonne of waste.

RESIDENTSPEAK According to N Mukund of Citizen Action Forum and Jayanagar 5th Block Residents Welfare Association, “It is a great proposal but the government should make garbage segregation at source mandatory. It won’t be viable if people don’t maintain these plants. I think they should start it in some wards first on a pilot basis to check how it works. The idea should be presented to all corporators in detail and see how they can maintain it,” he said.

The Rs 1.74 crore-worth project can take a load of five tonnes but is facing problems as residents don’t segregate waste before sending it to the plant. “ Segregation has to be done at source, people have to co-operate with us, otherwise it will gradually become more labour-intensive,” said Shivkumar C M, BBMP environmental engineer, Yelahanka.

Residents such as Major Pramod Kumar of Koramangala Initiative are enthusiastic about the idea. “People don’t know much about these plants. I have seen these plants and I know that they don’t stink. It is only a matter of perception. These plants will be located closer to

Around 2,000 houses in Yelahanka are depending on this model. Since the plant is away from residential area, the stench doesn’t bother them much. “There will be a little 24 24 24

residential areas and the only problem I see is that the garbage collecting trucks are going to line up near the houses. These should be maintained regularly. We compost our waste regularly at home. Other residents can also try that and use the manure for gardens or at least segregate it before handing over,” he said.

pollution that inundates California rivers, storm drains, beaches and our offshore waters. However, the present legislative effort, Julia Brownley’s Assembly Bill 1998, is the first to attract the support of the California Grocers Association, labor unions, and a wide variety of businesses. EvenHollywood has voiced its support for the legislation. The ACC is spearheading opposition to the proposed legislation.

HOW IT’S DONE NOW * City generates more than 5,000 tonnes of garbage every day *

Of this, 600 tonnes is handled by Mandur landfill site, 105 tonnes by Seemasandra landfill, 350 at Mavallipura dumpyard and 30 tonnes by Terra firm unit


Nearly 4,000 tonnes of waste isn’t managed and is dumped at several open spaces in the city

The ACC advertisements are misleading in many ways, according to Assemblymember Brownley. The ads predict a loss of jobs when relatively few single-use plastic bags are made in California and there is the opportunity for new green jobs producing reusable bags in this state to meet a burgeoning need. In addition, the ads talk about a new bureaucracy when none is called for in this legislation. The ads suggest that California will be deforested because people will switch to paper bags when the impact of similar legislation in other jurisdictions has been a very successful switch to reusable bags, not paper bags. AB 1998 would also up the postconsumer recycled content of paper bags to save trees.

According to the latest study conducted by the department of environmental sciences, Bangalore University, the pollution in these landfills is way above tolerance levels. The physico-chemical analysis of leachate (any liquid material that drains from land or stockpiled material) sample at Mandur site shows the presence of microrganisms such as E.Coli, iron bacteria, Vibrio spp, Streptococcus spp is very high, which can make populations vulnerable to various diseases.

Despite claims made by the ACC, California will actually save money with this legislation as millions of dollars of our state and local budgets are currently used to fund park and beach clean-ups, to clean storm drains and roadways, and to landfill plastic bags. Finally, the ACC ads fail to note that provisions are made in AB 1998 to supply reusable bags to individuals who cannot afford them.

Lawmaker Blasts Plastics Trade Association for Falsities As the California Senate sits poised to vote on what could be game-changing legislation in the American battle to control plastic waste, the author of the Single-Use Bag Reduction Act (AB 1998), California Assemblymember Julia Brownley, delivered a blistering expose of the false figures being used by the plastics industry trade association, the American Chemistry Council (ACC), to oppose her bill.

The ACC used similar tactics, spending millions to kill an ordinance in Seattle, and the stakes for the plastics industry are much higher with the proposed statewide ban in California. However, California is already home to several local plastic bag bans, and many other jurisdictions plan to enact them in the near future after recovering from ACC lawsuits and ACC backed legislation prohibiting fees on plastic bags in California.

Assemblymember Brownley appeared at UCLA’s James Bridges Theater to address a crowd gathered for the Plastic Pollution Coalition’s screening of the documentary Bag It! and other short films concerning the environmental and economic impacts of single-use plastic bags.

Some jurisdictions have been sued by the ACC requiring them to produce Environmental Impact Reports (EIRs) evaluating any environmental impacts of banning plastic bags, a seemingly perverse use of the EIR requirement. Los Angeles County recently issued a draft EIR that finds positive environmental benefits by reducing plastic pollution through its proposed legislation. Many businesses support a statewide ordinance as more business-friendly than a patchwork of local regulations that are not uniform.

Brownley played radio ads, television ads and showed enlarged images of mailers all being employed by The ACC in an attempt to defeat the largest alliance of supporters ever amassed in California to support single-use bag reduction. Environmental groups like Heal the Bay, a Santa Monica based ocean protection non-profit that conducts volunteer beach clean-ups in the Los Angeles Area, have long been seeking legislative solutions to the plastic bag 25 25 25

Plastic Bags are the number one consumer product in America. Most were made in China until they werebanned in that country in 2008 for their costly environmental damage.

Mexico City also recently banned plastic bags joining more than 40 jurisdictions worldwide that ban single-use plastic bags, amounting to more than 25% of the world’s population.

The Plastiki In July, eco-adventurer David de Rothschild and his crew ended their 130-day voyage across the Pacific from San Francisco to Sydney in Plastiki, crafted from 12,500 plastic bottles. Their journey helped bring attention to the problem of plastics in the ocean, particularly the massive, swirling island of plastic in the Pacific called theGreat Pacific Garbage Patch.

The premature baby was in need of an incubator but the equipment is too large to be installed in most ambulances, reports the Telegraph. But paramedic Rob Dalziel, 37, was able to keep her moist by wrapping her in a yellow plastic bag usually used for disposing of hazardous medical supplies. He then used towels to cocoon the child and keep her body temperature at a safe level and forced air into her lungs to ensure she kept breathing as the ambulance continued on to Royal Berkshire Hospital in Reading. She spent two weeks in the hospital’s intensive treatment unit’s ‘Hot Room’ before being transferred to the High Dependency Unit at John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford. Four months later Sophie has been allowed home with her mother and father Peter Hazzard, 27, in Wheatley, Oxon. Emily said, “I was in a lot of pain and quite stressed not knowing what was going to happen. Giving birth 14 weeks premature is not ideal, especially on the side of the road.” “I was really worried and I did not know if Sophie would still be alive when we reached the hospital,” she added.

In a 1st, experts create plastic antibodies to fight antigens The adventurer and environmentalist David de Rothschild and a handpicked crew of leading scientists, adventurers and creatives are to set sail over 10,000 nautical miles across the Pacific from San Francisco to Sydney on a 60foot catamaran made from post consumer plastic water and soda bottles and self-reinforced PET. By undertaking this daring expedition over three months, David and his Plastiki crew are on a mission to inspire, educate and activate individuals, communities and business’s to start moving towards a smarter more sustainable planet 2.0 way of living. Its time to rethink waste as a resource.

Plastic bag ‘incubator’ saves preemie

In a breakthrough study, researchers at UC Irvine have developed the first “plastic antibodies” and successfully introduced them into the blood of mice to halt the spread of deadly bee venom. Researchers from the University of California at Irvine who worked on the project along with scientists from Stanford University and Japan’s University of Shizuoka, created nanoparticle-size plastic polymers to encase melittin, a toxic peptide in bee venom that causes cells to rupture. Large quantities of melittin can lead to organ failure and death. They injected one group of mice with a lethal dose of melittin, and then injected them with the plastic antibodies.

The nanoparticles succeeded in “capturing” the antigens before they could disperse, thus reducing deaths among the mice, which also fared well in the weeks following the jab, according to UCI professor Kenneth Shea. Mice in a control group injected with the toxin but not the antibodies Sophie Thomlinson weighed just about 600 grams when she did not survive. “Never before have synthetic antibodies was born in the back of an ambulance as her mother Emily, been shown to effectively function in the bloodstream of 29, was being driven to hospital during a blizzard earlier living animals,” Shea said. “This technique could be utilized this year. to make plastic nanoparticles designed to fight more lethal 26 26 26 A paramedic in Britain saved the life of a baby girl born 14 weeks ahead of schedule by building a makeshift incubator out of a plastic bag.

toxins and pathogens.”

An environment friendly regime will enable full exploration for benefit of public and environmental health. Till date India has a track record of only knee jerk actions.

Antibodies are the proteins produced by the immune system to neutralize foreign threats like infections, allergens, viruses and bacteria. In the case of allergies our immune systems can be unequipped to deal with certain antigens.

Political instability in Uttar Pradesh has stalled the World Bank sponsored de-pollution drive of the River Ganga. Dumping of solid and plastic waste in rivers remains unchecked.

To counter these shortcomings, the experts took plastic nanoparticles that had shown the ability to mimic antibodies. They used molecular imprinting to stamp the shape of the antigen melittin, the primary toxin in bee venom, onto the antibody. By imprinting tiny antigenshaped craters into the individual particles, the plastic antibodies were then finely tuned to attach themselves to those antigens in the blood.

With massive migrations, urbanization and rise in per capita income new consumption patters and social linkages are bound to emerge. The process has to start by viewing waste as a cycle of production-consumption-recovery. Varied responses and sustainable systems have to be built upon existing ones that will remain clued to local dynamics.Here composting and recycling plants could help conserve and re-fertilize the soil rather letting waste matter to pollute.

A Lucrative Clean-Up Act! Priyanka Bhardwaj No Indian is unaware of the displeasing sight and smells of plastic, polythene bags, paper, tetrapack and other waste stuff strewn all over.

The role and responsibility of various groups of urban planners, municipal agencies, environmental regulators, labor groups, citizens’ groups and non-governmental organizations will need to be incorporated by the sector and the government could play the role of an efficient regulator.

Such visuals are etched so firmly in our psyche that we associate any picture or image depicting a clean and hygienic landscape with a “foreign” country.

The idea is to exercise caution while pushing new, expensive and imported technologies as social and environmental risks could be too deep.

As our population multiplies and India trapezes up the graph of consumption and urbanization increasing heaps of waste lie littered along.

While working towards coordinated responses the informal sector that is involved in works like waste picking, sorting, recycling and at the organized level, door-to-door collection, composting and recycling recovery will have to be studied and not done away with.

About 142,000 tons/day of municipal solid waste are produced by the country and this is expected to grow by a 5 % every year. Not too long ago radioactive Cobalt 60, detected in the metal scarp yards of the capital, resulted in loss of lives.

Then there are issues of low-end technology being employed for recycling, poor occupational safety provisions and waste disposal being carried out in poorer neighborhoods, leading to groundwater and other types of contamination.

The gravity of the situation leaves scope for no more delays. Questions of how we handle our trash assume importance given the unhygienic, toxic and non-aesthete impact on health, environment and senses. Apart from a mass awareness at individual levels there is critical need for holistic policy making at the top end.

There has been positive news of late. The MCD has figured up as the world’s first civic agency to have gained Certified Emission Reduction credits. Kanpur is being touted as the first city in India to be on the way of developing Asia’s largest integrated waste management and power generation plant.

The plus side of waste management is that the sector holds tremendous potential for wealth generation besides employment opportunities for the urban poor. This will therefore require government encouragement and support of various ministries via regulations and subsidies to rope in private entities in the clean up act. The criticality of the issue calls for immediate action and a holistic policy as only government foresight will only help in tackling the problem. The political will for proper coordinated implementation will be a key ingredient.

Yet such “fell good” and fragmentary work is just not enough.

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A whole lot of work needs to be done for the sake of clean, healthy and beautiful India, one that will translate into huge national savings, employment to our urban poor and nurturing of a lucrative waste management sector.

Bolder, cooler, inspired by history India’s New, Technologically Superior Kit Made Of Plastic Bottles

KIT INNOVATIONS NEW MATERIAL Team India’s new ODI kit is made with a special material for superior moisture management.

When Team India take to the field in the upcoming ODI series against the visiting Australians next month, they will wear their hearts on sleeves made of space-age technology, as the official apparel sponsors of the Board of Control for Cricket in India on Wednesday unveiled the new team kit.

ENHANCED COOLING Aerographic prints on the back panel along high sweat zones enhances cooling while increasing aesthetics. LIGHT AS A FEATHER The fabric is also 13% lighter than its predecessor and helps keep players dry by drawing sweat to the outside of the garment where it can easily evaporate. Ventilation zones have been placed on each side of the jersey to enhance breathability. TNN

Brighter and bolder, the ecofriendly, performance enhancing technological marvel will be in use for the next two to three seasons. Chandigarh witnessed a grand official launch at the Parade Grounds on Wednesday when Team India stars Sachin Tendulkar, Virender Sehwag, Zaheer Khan, Harbhajan Singh, Pragyan Ojha and Gautam Gambhir walked the ramp to showcase the team’s new jersey.

IOC bets big on petrochem business 15-million tonnes Paradip facility to go on stream next fiscal Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) on Wednesday announced that its turnover from the petrochemical business was expected to more than double to Rs.15,000 crore next fiscal.

The colour — a vibrant blue with a hint of the national flag running along the side-chest — was certainly a shade better than the existing one and even the players sporting it looked convinced. “Wearing it feels very good but I’ll be able to know how effective it is only when I’m out on the field,’’ bowler Zaheer Khan said.

Addressing a press conference here to announce the launch of the ‘Propel’’ brand of petrochemical products here, IOC Chairman B. M. Bansal said the company clocked a turnover of Rs.3,000 crore from the petrochemical business in 200910 and this year it was expected to rise to Rs.6,000 crore.

Tendulkar and Harbhajan too were convinced and said they were comfortable with what has been dished out. However, the best reaction came from the fashion-conscious Chandigarh crowd which was convinced that the new colours were better than what was being used.

“Next fiscal, we hope to run our naphtha cracker plant at Panipat full stream that will see our turnover rising to Rs.15,000 crore,’’ he remarked.

Fionna Taylor, the designer of this new outfit, worked on the latest Indian team product for close to 18 months. An improvement from the team’s kit since the past two years, the design of the new Nike uniform draws inspiration from its predecessor, but is a shade brighter. History too makes a mark, as the new kit sports two gold stars on the left shoulder, signifying the two World Cups (including the T20 WC victory in 2007) that the team has won. The kit is made entirely from recycled polyester, each one produced from up to eight recycled plastic bottles and follows in the company’s efforts to make sporting kits more and more environmentally friendly, an effort they pioneered during the FIFA World Cup in South Africa.

Mr. Bansal said IOC was hoping to capture 20 per cent market share of the petrochemical business in India from the current 5 per cent. “Every segment that we operate in, whether it is lubricants, automotive fuels, LPG or aviation we have established ourselves as leaders. ‘Propel’ will be the latest in the bouquet of our brand offerings and is backed by the same intensity of passion that helped us capture the hearts and minds of our customers,’’ he said. Further, he said IOC had earmarked Rs.30,000-crore investments during 2007-12 for setting up world-class plants and nationwide marketing infrastructure.

Ten of the world’s top footballing nations, including the likes of Brazil, Portugal and the Netherlands, had advertised the kits then, the replicas of which became a collector’s item for several reasons. Team India will sport the newly launched Cricket Team Kit for both the ODI and T20 formats of the game from the forthcoming India Australia series beginning on October 17, 2010.

“These plants have been designed to use product streams from IOC’s own refineries, to produce a wide range of valueadded petrochemical products and intermediates for segments as diverse as detergents, polyesters and polymers/plastic,’’ he added. He said IOC had also laid out a web-based marketing strategy, showcasing its capability to manufacture and market the full range of petrochemicals. 28 28 28

IOC is setting up a petrochemicals complex at its upcoming grassroots refinery at Paradip in Orissa.

last 24 days, the farm has yielded 12 tonnes of ridge gourds, fetching me an income of Rs 1.08 lakh,” he said. The output had jumped more than 50 per cent, he added. Patil is expecting to harvest about 40 tonnes of ridge gourds which would earn him about Rs 3.06 lakh.

To be commissioned by 2011-12, the 15-million tonnes per annum refinery will have facilities for production of frontend petrochemicals, including paraxylene, polypropylene and styrene.

He said his neighbouring farmers, who had not used mulch cover were shocked at the yield and had now decided to use the technique. After ridge gourd crop, which will last for the next four to five months, he said he would grow tomatoes and expects to harvest a bumper crop of tomatoes too.

A state-of-the-art 1.20 lakh tonnes per annum styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) unit, the first in India, is under way at Panipat as a joint venture with TSRC Corporation of Taiwan and Marubeni Corporation of Japan to further strengthen IOC’s presence in specialty petrochemicals.

Roy said the price of a range of mulch cover from black and white embossed mulch to silver and yellow brown SLT to photo-selective mulch ranged from Rs 5 to Rs 22 per sq metre depending on the crop being produced on the farm. He said about 2,000 to 3,000 metres of mulch cover was needed to cover one acre of land depending on the type of crops cultivated.

Mulching – Israel’s cropping art a big hit in India Michael Gonsalves Mulching, an agricultural cropping technique from Israel involving placing organic or synthetic materials on the soil around plants, is yielding high growth in India. Agriplast, a pioneer in plastics in agriculture in India, has been popularising this technique with the Indian farmers.

Roy said mulching could be used in growing vegetables like chillies, egg plant, bell pepper and also fruits like strawberries, papaya, pomegranate, sweet lime, orange, guava and grapes, among other things.

“Mulching is a proven agricultural cropping technique that involves placing organic or synthetic materials on the soil around plants, which has provided high yield for the farmers,” Rajeeb Kumar Roy, director of Bangalore-based Agr iplast, said.

He said his firm with its network of 50 distributors and field workers has also introduced imported shade nets and high quality insect nets of different types for a variety of crops with a price range of Rs 18 to Rs 68 a sq meter with a five-year guarantee.

“It is a tool for the second green revolution in India,” he added. The firm imports mulching cover ma terials from Ginegar Pl astic Products, an Israel sto ck exchange listed company.

Plastic Surgery in Ancient India Our Scientific Heritage

“I used mulching cover to grow brinjal crop on one acre of land and I was thrilled to harvest a whopping 110 tonnes of brinjals and I earned Rs 9.90 lakh,” Kiran Pingley, a farmer from Nashik district in Maharashtra, told Financial Chronicle.

Gunakar Muley From 1769 AD to 1799 AD, in a period of thirty years, four Mysore Wars were fought between Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan and the British. As a result of these wars the British learnt two very important Indian techniques — rocketry and plastic surgery. Both these Indian techniques were further improved first in England and then in other European countries (see ‘Story of Indian Rockets’, DREAM, October 1999). How the British learnt the art of Indian plastic surgery is a fascinating story.

He said because of the use of mulch cover, there was a 3040 per cent more crop yield. He said he spent about a total of Rs 2.25 lakh on drip irrigation system, soil treatment and manure and pest control. “Mulch cover sign ificantly prevented water eva poration from the ground, growth of weeds and helped maintain soil temperature and insect attacks,” Pingley said.

A Maratha cart-driver, Kawasajee, who had served the British, and four tilanges (Indian soldiers of British army) had fallen into the hands of the Sultan of Srirangapattam. Their noses and right arms were cut off as a punishment for serving the enemy. Then they were sent back to the English command.

Another enterprising farmer in Sangli district in south Maharashtra has also earned good income due to the use of mulch technique. “On an experimental basis I covered my one acre of land with mulch cover and grew ridge gourds with an investment of Rs 13,000,” PR Patil said. “In the

After some days, when dealing with an Indian merchant, the English commanding officer noticed that he had a 29 29 29

peculiar nose and scar on his forehead. On inquiry, he learnt that the merchant’s nose had been cut off as a punishment for adultery and that he had a substitute nose made by a Maratha Vaidya of the kumhar (potter) caste. The commanding officer sent for the Vaidya and asked him to reconstruct the nose of Kawasajee and others.

Indian plastic surgery. Plastic surgery has little to do with plastics, the synthetic substances so common today. The term ‘plastic’, derived from the Greek plastikos, means to mould or shape. The task of plastic surgery is to restore the appearance and function of parts of the body destroyed or damaged by disease or injury. Contrary to popular belief, plastic or reconstructive surgery is not merely cosmetic surgery but an important discipline that aims at correcting all sorts of physical deformities. Though a very old technique, plastic surgery has made great strides only after the First World War.

The operation was performed near Pune in the presence of two English doctors, Thomas Cruso and James Findlay. An illustrated account of this operation, carried out by an unnamed Vaidya, appeared in the Madras Gazette. Subsequently, the article was reproduced in the Gentleman’s Magazine of London in October 1794. The operation is described as follows :

The Bible contains no reference of plastic operations. There is no mention of plastic surgery in the ancient Greek literature. Homer (9th century BC) has described various types of wounds and their treatments but did not mention the possibility of replacing parts of the nose or other features. Roman legends vaguely mention plastic surgery. Genuine records of plastic operations are not found in Europe until the middle of the fifteenth century. These come from Italy. Many European scholars are of the opinion that reports of Indian plastic operations reached Italy by way of seamen and merchants, who used to undertake long journeys to the Far East at the beginning of the Middle Ages. Like other methods Indian mathematics and medicine, the Italians might have learnt the techniques of Indian plastic surgery from the Arab Moors.

“A thin plate of wax is fitted to the stump of the nose so as to make a nose of good appearance; it is then flattened and laid on the forehead. A line is drawn around the wax, which is then of no further use, and the operator then dissects off as much skin as it had covered, living undivided a small slip between the eyes. This slip preserves the blood circulation till a union has taken place between the new and the old parts. “The cicatrix of the stump of the nose is next paired off, and immediately behind the new part, an incision is made through the skin which passes around both alae, and goes along the upper lip. The skin, now brought down from the forehead and being twisted half around, is inserted into this incision, so that a nose is formed with a double hold above and with its alae and septum below fixed in the incision. A little Terra Japonica (pale-catechu) is softened with water and being spread on slips of cloth, five or six of these are placed over each other to secure the joining. No other dressing but this cement is used for four days. It is then removed, and cloths dipped in ghee are applied. The connecting slip of skin is divided about the twentieth day, when a little more dissection is necessary to improve the appearance of the new nose. For five or six days after the operation, the patient is made to lie on his back, and on the tenth day, bits of soft cloth are put into the nostrils to keep them sufficiently open. This operation is always successful. The artificial nose is secured and looks nearly as well as the natural nose, nor is the scar on the forehead very observable after a length of time.” This description fired the imagination of the young English surgeon J.C. Carpue, who after gathering more information on the “Indian nose” performed two similar operations in 1814 with successful results. After Carpue published his account, Graefe, a German surgeon, performed similar plastic operations of the nose using skin from the arm. After this plastic surgery became popular throughout Europe. All replacement operations which use a flap of skin in the immediate vicinity of the loss are known as

From Italy we have the record that in 1442, Branca, a surgeon of Catania in Sicily, carried out plastic operations of the nose, using flap from the face. His son Antonio continued his work and was the first to use a flap from the arm for reconstructing the nose. The work was carried on by the Boinias, another Italian family. The plastic operations carried out by the Boinia brothers are described in a book published in 1568 by Fioravanti, a doctor of Bologna. However, it was in the hands of Gasparo Tagliacozzi (154699), a professor of surgery and of anatomy at the Bologna University, that plastic surgery attained wide fame in Europe. His book De curtorum chirurgia per insitionem (The surgery of defects by implantation), printed in 1597, was the first scientific treatise on plastic surgery. Tagliacozzi has described a method of plastic substitution of the nose by skin from the arm and of replacement of the ears and lips, demonstrating his work by a large number of illustrations.

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The Church dignitaries regarded plastic surgery as an interference in the affairs of the Almighty. They not only excommunicated Tagliacozzi but later got his corpse exhumed from its church grave and placed in an unconsecrated ground !

In the 17th and 18th century not much importance was attached to plastic surgery in Europe. The great Voltaire (1694-1778) wrote a satirical poem on Tagliacozzi and his operation on the nose, using flap from the buttocks. Many gentlemen who lost their nose in duel or through other misfortunes had substitutes made of gold, silver or ivory. The Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) once became involved in a dispute with another young Danish nobleman over who was the better mathematician. The dispute led to a duel in which Tycho lost part of his nose. This he replaced with a mixture of gold, silver, and wax, of which he was very proud.

described for piercing the ear-lobes of an infant which still is a widespread practice in India. Often these ear-lobes, due to the use of heavy ornaments, get considerably expanded and ultimately sunder. Sushruta has described 15 methods of joining these cut-up ear-lobes. For these plastic operations, called Karnabandha, a piece of skin was taken from the cheek, turned back, and suitably stitched on the lobules. Further treatment of the operation, periodic dressing of the wound and the use of various ointments is elaborately described. In describing the method of rhinoplasty (Karnabandha), Sushruta says that the portion of the nose to be covered should be first measured with a leaf . Then a piece of skin of the required size should be dissected from the living skin of the cheek, and turned back to cover the nose, keeping a small pedicle attached to the cheek. The part of the nose to which the skin is to be attached should be made raw by cutting of the nasal stump with a knife. The physician then should place the skin on the nose and stitch the two parts swiftly, keeping the skin properly elevated by inserting two tubes of eranda (the castor-oil plant) in the position of the nostrils, so that the new nose gets proper shape. The skin thus properly adjusted, it should then be sprinkled with a powder composed of liquorice, red sandalwood and barberry plant. Finally, it should be covered with cotton, and clean sesame oil should be constantly applied to it. After some days the wound heals up and the grafting is successful. Sushruta also mentions the reconstruction of the broken lip and hare-lip (Oshtha-sandhana).

In ancient Europe, as we have seen, there was no tradition of plastic operations. The plastic operation on nose done by Branca in 1442 was very similar to the one described in the Sushruta-Sanhita, an Ayurvedic compendium composed in the early centuries of the Christian era. In India, from ancient times to the early nineteenth century, we find a living tradition of plastic operations of the nose, ear and lip. The Kangra (correctly pronounced as ‘Kangada’) district in Himachal Pradesh was famous for its plastic surgeons. Some scholars are of the opinion that the word ‘Kangada’ is made from ‘Kana + gadha’ (ear repair). The British archaeologist Sir Alexander Cunningham (1814-93) has written about the tradition of Kangra plastic operations. We have information that in the reign of Akber a Vaidya named Bidha used to do plastic operations in Kangra. The Charaka-Sanhita and the Sushruta-Sanhita are among the oldest known treatise on Ayurveda (the Indian science of medicine). Chronologically, Charaka-Sanhita is believed to be an earlier work, and deals with medicine proper containing a few passages on surgery. The Sushruta-Sanhita, a work of the early centuries of the Christian era, mainly deals with surgical knowledge. The extant Sushruta-Sanhita is, according to its commentator Dalhanacharya (twelth century AD), a recension by Nagarjuna. The original Sushruta-Sanhita was based on a series of discourses of Kashiraj Divodas (or Dhanvantari) to his disciples, Sushruta and others.

Thus, plastic surgery is a very old science. It is, however, difficult to say when the first plastic operations on man were performed. Primitive man knew how to do grafting in plants. This might have given him the idea of transferring tissues in man and animals. The necessity arose when he lost such parts of his body as the nose, which has been a common form of injury in all periods of history. In olden days, removal of the nose was also one of the most common form of punishment. Manu, the famous lawgiver, mentions the ears and the nose among the ten parts of the body on which punishments are to be executed (Manusmruti : 8.125), Thus it became a social necessity to find a substitute for the lost nose. The development of plastic surgery is closely connected with the operative techniques used in the field known as rhinoplasty.

There has been a tradition to divide the Ayurveda works into 120 chapters. The Susruta Sanhita also contains 120 chapters, grouped into five sthanas (books): Sutrasthana, Nidanasthana, Sharirasthana, Chikitsashana and Kalpasthana. Besides, the compendium contains an appendix, called Uttaratantra, consisting of 66 chapters. The plastic operations of otoplasty (plastic surgery of the ear) and rhinoplasty (plastic surgery of the nose) are described in the 16th chapter of the first book (Sutrasthanam) of the compendium. First, methods are

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After getting fresh impetus from India, plastic surgery has made great progress in the past two hundred years. In 1933 the first international congress of plastic surgery was held in Paris. Basically, the task of plastic surgery is to restore the parts of the body destroyed or damaged by disease or injury. But in recent years “cosmetic surgery” as beauty treatment has become very fashionable. Anyway, we should always remember that the sources of modern plastic surgery

Additives for Transparent Plastic Packaging

are the Sushruta-Sanhita and it was from India the Europeans learnt the technique of rhinoplasty.

Jennifer Markarian Transparent plastics are certainly not new to packaging applications, and their use has continued to grow, as designers take advantage of clarity as yet another tool to differentiate their packaged goods. At the same time, use of clarified polypropylene (PP) in packaging is growing, driven by its reduced environmental footprint, cost, and functionality relative to many other transparent materials. Additives play the key role in enhancing clarity and protecting the contents of transparent packaging.

Illustrations : 1. In 1793, a Maratha Vaidya reconstructed the nose of a cart-driver. Illustration from “Gentleman’s Magazine” (London), Oct.1794. 2. Italian method of plastic surgery of the nose taking flap from the arm (two illustrations from Tagliacozzi’s work). 3. Present type of Indian flap from forehead used for nasal plastic surgery. 4. Sushruta doing plastic surgery of the ear. 5. Some surgical instruments (Yantra and Shastra) as described in the Sushruta-Sanhita.

Clarifiers and nucleating agents Clarifying or nucleating agents can now improve the clarity of polypropylene (PP) to a point where PP can compete with glass and with inherently clear polymers like polystyrene (PS), polycarbonate (PC) and poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). Designers can then take advantage of PP’s reduced environmental footprint. “Polypropylene scores well on environmental scorecards. PP is recyclable, and PP manufacturing is less energy-intensive and produces lower greenhouse gas emissions than some other polymers. PP has a lower density and corresponding lighter weight, so that even if you need a thicker wall the overall part weight can be less. This also means lower transportation and raw material costs (per part),” says Brian Burkhart, global marketing manager at Milliken Chemical. Removing the clarity barrier for PP opens up new design possibilities.

Toyota to use sugar cane-based PET in car interiors Rhoda Miel Toyota Motor Corp. will use a sugar cane-based PET in vehicle liners and other interior surfaces in what it calls the world’s first use of the material. Toyota Tsusho Corp., founded by the carmaker in the 1930s, developed the material with Toyota City-based Toyota. The bio-PET, called Ecological Plastic, offers improved performance in heat resistance and durability compared to other bio-based resins and can compete with standard PET, the company said in an Oct. 13 news release.

According to a SpecialChem online poll in September 2008, 41% of respondents said their biggest challenge with PP clarifiers was getting the desired clarity. Twenty percent ranked dispersion as the top concern and 15% chose organoleptics (taste and odor). Clarifiers introduced in the last few years claim to meet these challenges, offering better performance in PP than traditional sorbitol-based clarifiers (like DMDBS).

Toyota’s plans to use the PET extensively provides the volume production levels needed to improve the cost per part, while the material also can be used in both seats and carpeting in addition to standard plastic parts. Toyota Tsusho replaces standard monoethylene glycol in PET with a raw material made from sugar cane. Its first use will be in the 2011 Lexus CT200h compact hybrid, as the luggage compartment liner. The car will go on sale in early 2011. From there, the company said it will expand both the number of vehicles using Ecological Plastic as well as the extent of vehicle interior parts using it.

One of these is Irgaclear® XT 386 from Ciba, now part of BASF, which improves optical properties of PP using much lower additive levels than conventional clarifiers. The chemistry of the next-generation additive features high thermal and chemical stability, providing improved organoleptics and less plate-out during processing. The high stability of the clarifier allows it to be used as recyclate or regrind without impacting the final haze and clarity properties, says the company.

It will also introduce a vehicle in 2011 using the plastic in 80 percent of the interior. Toyota has used environmentally friendly plastics, with both bio-based resins and plastics with recycled content, since 2000. Its Japan-only Sai hybrid debuted in 2009 with 60 percent of its exposed interior surfaces made from bioplastics.

RiKA International’s RiKACLEAR PC1 is a non-sorbitol clarifier that provides low haze with robust thermal stability and a wide processing window, says the company. Milliken launched Millad® NX8000 at K2007 as a 32 32 32

“breakthrough in clarifier technology” that typically enables up to a 50 percent haze reduction compared to the current industry standard, reports the company. The new technology has food-contact regulatory approval and good organoleptics, allowing its use in food and beverage packaging. Millad NX8000 hassubstantially better dispersion characteristics than competitive clarifiers, says Mr. Burkhart, who comments, “Millad NX8000’s good dispersion allows reduced processing temperatures and maybe even reduced cycle times, which can lower energy costs. Millad NX8000 also shows good processing stability.”

automotive OEMs and tier-1 suppliers that are founded on trust, teamwork and co-development expertise. An important component of these relationships is our ability, as a leading global player, to ensure flexible and reliable supply and the capacity expansion of our key automotive materials in Bay St. Louis will help us respond quickly to the dynamic and changing needs of the industry.” High-performance products for diverse automotive applications SABIC PP compounds are the materials of choice for a growing number of global OEMs and tiers for producing bumper fascias, instrument panels (IPs), door panels, interior trims and other important automotive applications. The market demand for SABIC STAMAX composites is growing due to their outstanding combination of excellent strength, dimensional stability and high flow for thin-wall structural parts. SABIC STAMAX materials support the design of applications that combine lightweight with functional integration for such components as front-end modules, IP carriers, door modules, tailgates and seating systems.

Milliken also introduced Hyperform HPN-20E, a breakthrough nucleating agent for polyethylene (PE) that reduces haze and improves barrier of LLDPE and HDPE films without the addition of LDPE, and HPN-600ei, a nucleating agent for PP thermoforming applications that gives excellent clarity, mechanical properties, and productivity benefits.

SABIC to Expand Specialty Polypropylene Compounding at Bay St. Louis, Miss. By 2011

SABIC is Exhibiting at K 2010 in Düsseldorf, Germany in Hall 6, Stand D42.

MICHIGAN, USA — SABIC Innovative Plastics announced that it is adding specialty polypropylene (PP) compounding to its Bay St. Louis, Miss. site in the first quarter of 2011. The site will use its existing infrastructure and adopt new processes to produce SABIC® PP compounds and SABIC STAMAX® long glass fiber-reinforced PP composites.

About SABIC Innovative Plastics SABIC Innovative Plastics is a global supplier of engineering thermoplastics with a 75-year history of breakthrough solutions. Today, SABIC Innovative Plastics is a multi-billiondollar company with operations in more than 35 countries and approximately 9,000 employees worldwide. The company serve diverse markets such as automotive, electronics, building & construction, transportation, and healthcare. The company’s extensive product portfolio includes thermoplastic resins, coatings, specialty compounds, film, and sheet. SABIC Innovative Plastics is a wholly owned subsidiary of Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC), one of the world’s top six petrochemicals manufacturers.

Adding specialty PP to the site’s compounding capabilities enables the company to provide a broader range of highperformance materials to its customers in North America and to help satisfy demand for specialty compounds. Investment in this highly automated and technologically sophisticated process supports SABIC Innovative Plastics’ commitment to meeting both automotive OEM needs for lightweight, high-performance materials that can significantly reduce fuel consumption and emissions vs. competitive products, and non-automotive needs in key segments such as fluid handling and appliance.

Source: SABIC Innovative Plastics

GAIL Inks Pact with BCPL for Marketing Polymer Products

“Plastics are becoming more familiar to automotive designers and the percentage of PP compounds used in today’s cars is increasing,” said Gregory A. Adams, VP Automotive, SABIC Innovative Plastics. “The Bay St. Louis facility is ideally located to quickly supply our customers in the NAFTA countries. Our expanded compounding capabilities will strengthen our ability to deliver some of the most comprehensive and innovative material solutions to address the changing needs of today’s car designers.” “Our customers’ success is the linchpin of our success,” said Leon Jacobs, Global Business Director - PP, SABIC Innovative Plastics. “We have very strong relationships with

NEW DELHI, India — GAIL (India) Limited and Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited (BCPL) have initiated an agreement for marketing all the petrochemical products produced from BCPL at Lepetkata, Assam. The agreement was signed in presence of senior officials of both the organizations. According to the agreement, GAIL will market 220,000 tonnes of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and linear lowdensity polyethylene (LLDPE) along with 60,000 tonnes of 33 33 33

polypropylene produced annually from the at BCPL plant at Assam. With this development, GAIL will be marketing 780,000MT of polymers per annum by FY 2012-2013.

packaging materials, woven sacks for packaging of fertilizers and cement, containers for edible oil and chemicals in the North Eastern States. GAIL has a wide marketing network in the country today and holds approximately 21 percent share in polyethylene market.

Speaking on the occasion, Prabhat Singh, Director Marketing, GAIL said, “With marketing of BCPL products, GAIL would be adding more than 50 percent of the current volume and increase its spectrum of product offerings to customers by addition of polypropylene in its product portfolio.” Adding further on the aspect of licensor’s technology, Singh said that the manufacturing process of BCPL products will add gas-based process in polymer production, wherein GAIL Petrochemicals already use the slurry and the solution processes.

BCPL has already placed purchase orders and the contracts of value over Rs 3,540 crore and the placement of remaining orders and contracts are being expedited. Civil and structural works for the main process units namely Ethylene cracker unit, Polyethylene unit (HDPE/LLDPE), Polypropylene unit, C2+ extraction unit, Gas processing unit, Gas de-hydration unit and Gas sweetening unit have commenced. The total Capex incurred till the middle of July 2010 was about Rs 4,343 crore and total expenditure planned for FY 2010-11 is Rs 2,272.32 crore.

Shri JK Singh Teotia, MD, BPCL said that the plant will be commissioned in year 2012 and soon the products will cater to the North Eastern market, creating opportunities in downstream sector and will positively contribute in the socio economic development of the region. He said that GAIL’s petrochemical marketing network will definitely strengthen the market acceptability of BCPL products.

BCPL is a joint venture company (JVC) with GAIL as the lead promoter with 70% equity. The other joint venture partners are Oil India Limited (OIL), Numaligarh Refineries Limited (NRL) and Assam Government, each having 10% equity. The scope of business of the JVC includes investing, setting up and operation and maintenance of the facilities for integrated Petrochemical Complex at Lepetkata, District Dibrugarh, Assam, comprising of a cracker unit, downstream polymer and integrated off-site/utilities plants, facilities for Gas Sweetening and Ethane and Heavier Hydrocarbon Recovery Unit at Lakwa.

BCPL will produce various ranges of polymers for different applications in sectors such as packaging film, roto-, injection-, raffia-, and blow-molding. This will boost the supply of different end use products like water storage tanks, household items, house-wares, crates, buckets and

CHAMBER OF SMALL INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS TSSIA House, Plot P-26, Road No. 16-T, Wagle Estate, Thane -4 Phone – 25803536 / 25820429 Fax - 25823303

From the Desk of Secretary General Dear Sir/ Madam,

13th September 2010

Subject : Direct Taxes Code Bill, 2010 I am pleased to inform you that persistent efforts of COSIA has brought desire results as far as inclusion of disallowance of interest referred to in section 23 of MSMED Act, 2006 in DTC Bill, 2010. There was a clear omission of this inclusion in the primary DTC Bill and subsequent second discussion paper also. COSIA repeatedly followed this issue with the Union Ministry of Finance, CBDT, Union Ministry of MSME and other concerned Secretaries. Now the DTC Bill which is presented in LokSabha and has been referred to the Standing Committee of Parliament includes a clear provision that any amount of interest referred to in section 23 of MSMED Act, 2006 shall not be included in the Finance Charges. For details you may please referred to section 32 [3], 34 and 36 of the said bill. I would also like to draw your attention to the chapter IV pertaining to the computation of total income of non-profit organizations. Please go through section 90 to 103 of the said bill and let us have your suggestions if any on at the earliest. Dilip Salvekar

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Incentives for setting up of New Industrial Enterprises in Andhra Pradesh- Industrial Investment Promotion Policy (IIPP) 2010-2015 GOVERNMENT OF ANDHRA PRADESH INDUSTRIES AND COMMERCE (IP) DEPARTMENT G.O.Ms.No. 61 Dated: 29-06-2010 Read the following:1. G.O.Ms.No.108, Industries & Commerce (IP) Department, Dated 20-05-96. 2. G.O.Ms.No.241, Industries & Commerce (IP) Department, Dated:15.07.98 3. G.O.Ms.No.9, Industries & Commerce (IP) Department, Dated:05-01-2001 4. G.O.Ms.No.141, Industries & Commerce(IP) Department, Dated:03-07-2004 5. G.O.Ms.No.178, Industries & Commerce(IP) Department, Dated:21-06-2005 6. G.O.Ms.No.161, Industries & Commerce(IP) Department, Dated:22-06-2007 7. G.O.Ms.No.300 Industries & Commerce (Tex) Department, Dated:08-11-2005 8. G.O.Ms.No.267, Industries & Commerce(IP) Department, Dated:06-10-2007 9. G.O.Ms.No.149, Industries & Commerce(IP) Department, Dated:20-06-2008 10. G.O.Ms.No.105, Industries & Commerce(IP) Department, Dated:23-04-2008 11. G.O.Ms.No.274, Industries & Commerce(IP) Department, Dated:16-10-2008 12. G.O.Ms.No.333, Industries & Commerce (IP)Department, Dated:20-12-2008 13. G.O.Ms.No.50, Industries & Commerce(IP) Department, Dated:11-02-2009 14. G.O.Ms.No.32, Industries & Commerce(IP) Department, Dated:13-04-2010 15. From the Commissioner of Industries Single File.No.30/1/2010/0959, dated.23.06.2010. O R D E R: 1. Government is extending various Incentives for encouraging establishment of new industrial Enterprises in the State since 1961. In the reference 5th read above, Government have issued certain incentives to Tiny, SSI, Medium, Large & Mega industries under Industrial Investment Promotion Policy 2005- 2010, which was concluded by 31.03.2010. In respect of Mega projects which are under pipeline status, the date of commencement of commercial production was extended upto 31-032012 vide Government Order 13th read above. In the Government Order 14th read above, Government have accorded extension of the Industrial Investment Promotion Policy 2005-10 including policy for



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promotion of Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe entrepreneurs, Service Sector for Scheduled Caste / Scheduled Tribe entrepreneurs and Pavalavaddi Scheme etc., for a further period of three months i.e., upto 30.06.2010 or till new Industrial Policy 2010-2015 comes into force whichever is earlier. In order to bring out an attractive industrial policy by the Government for the next five years period, official teams from Industries Department were deputed to industrially developed States like Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra to study the policies and to identify the best practices. Extensive consultations were also held with Industrial Associations i.e., CII, FICCI, FAPSIA, FAPCCI, ALEAP, COWE, AP Spinning Mills Association, ASSOCHAM, etc to elicit their views in formulation of the New Industrial Policy. Series of meeting were conducted with number of industrial associations, line departments, Head of Departments concerned and finalised the draft Industrial Investment Promotion Policy 2010-15. A detailed study was made on the Draft Industrial Investment Promotion Policy 2010-15, covering the incentives being offered under the existing policy in comparison with industrial policies of other industrially developed states like Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamilnadu etc. and the incentives proposed to be included in the new industrial policy. After careful examination, the Government approved the New Industrial Policy “Industrial Investment Promotion Policy (IIPP) 2010-2015� giving major emphasis for Creation of Quality Infrastructure, promotion of Manufacturing Investment Zones and Industrial Corridors, special focus on MSMEs, growth enabling incentives to create a level playing field, to tap the potential of ever expanding service sector related to industrial activity, fostering industrial clusters, promotion of anchor industries for creation of ancillary base, Capacity building and skill upgradation, inclusive development to build competency in Women and Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribe Entrepreneurs, Quality Competitiveness, Export Promotion, promotion of cleaner technology, leveraging existing strengths for value addition, special focus on thrust sectors, revitalization of MSMEs. The detailed policy

document is appended at Annexure-I. 4.

Under the new “Industrial Investment Promotion Policy (IIPP) 2010-2015”, the Government approved the following fiscal benefits covering the categories of (a) Micro/Small Enterprises (b) Medium Enterprises & Large Industries (c) Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribe Entrepreneurs (d) Women Entrepreneurs and (e) Mega Projects.

4.1.0 Micro and Small Enterprises (MSE’s) Small Enterprise means a Unit having the investment on plant and machinery up to limit as defined by the Government of India from time to time. Micro Enterprise means a Unit in which Investment on plant and machinery up to limit as defined by the Government of India from time to time. 4.1.1 100% reimbursement of Stamp duty and transfer duty paid by the industry on purchase of land meant for industrial use. 4.1.2 100% reimbursement of Stamp duty for Lease of Land/Shed/ Buildings and also mortgages and hypothecations. 4.1.3 25% rebate in land cost limited to Rs.10.00 Lakhs in Industrial Estates/Industrial Parks. 4.1.4 25% Land conversion charges for industrial use limited to Rs.10.0 lakhs. 4.1.5 Fixed power cost reimbursement @ Rs.0.75 per unit (upper ceiling) on the proposed revised rates (201011) for 5 years from the date of commencement of commercial production. In case, decrease in Power Tariff, the reimbursement will be reduced proportionately. 4.1.6 15% investment subsidy on fixed capital investment subject to a maximum of Rs.20.00 lakhs. 4.1.7 Reimbursement of 100% VAT/CST or State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) for a period of 5 years from the date of commencement of commercial production to Micro Enterprises. 4.1.8 Reimbursement of 50% VAT/CST or State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) for a period of 5 years from the date of commencement of commercial production to Small Enterprises. 4.1.9 Interest subsidy under Pavala Vaddi Scheme on the term loan taken on the fixed capital investment by New Micro and Small Enterprises in excess of 3% per annum subject to a maximum reimbursement of 9% per annum for a period of 5 years from the date of commencement of commercial production. 4.1.10 Seed capital assistance to First Generation Entrepreneurs to set-up Micro Enterprises @10% of the Machinery cost, which will be deducted from the eligible investment subsidy. 4.1.11 50% Reimbursement of cost involved in skill

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upgradation and training the local manpower limited to Rs.2000 per person. 4.1.12 50% subsidy on the expenses incurred for quality certification/ patent registration limited to Rs. 2.00 Lakhs for MSE’s. 4.1.13 25% subsidy on specific cleaner production measures limited to Rs.5.00 Lakhs 4.1.14 To extend investment subsidy to the identified service activities related to industries setup in all Municipal Corporation limits in the state as per the list appended as Annexure - II. 4.2.0 Medium Enterprises & Large Industries Medium Enterprise means an industry in which Investment on plant and machinery up to limit as defined by the Government of India from time to time. Large Industry means an industry in which the investment on plant and machinery is less than Rs 250 crores except Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. 4.2.1 100% reimbursement of Stamp duty and transfer duty paid by the industry on purchase of land meant for industrial use. 4.2.2. 100% reimbursement of Stamp duty for Lease of Land/Shed/ Buildings and also mortgages and hypothecations. 4.2.3 25% rebate in land cost limited to Rs.10.00 Lakhs in Industrial Estates/Industrial Parks. 4.2.4 25% Land conversion charges for industrial use limited to Rs.10.0 lakhs only for Medium Enterprises. 4.2.5 Fixed power cost reimbursement @ Rs.0.75 per unit (upper ceiling) on the proposed revised rates (201011) for 5 years from the date of commencement of commercial production. In case, decrease in Power Tariff, the reimbursement will be reduced proportionately. 4.2.6 Reimbursement of 25% VAT/CST or State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) for a period of 5 years from the date of commencement of commercial production. 4.2.7 50% Reimbursement of cost involved in skill upgradation and training the local manpower limited to Rs.2000 per person. 4.2.8 50% subsidy on the expenses incurred for quality certification/patent registration limited to Rs. 2.00 Lakhs only for Medium Enterprises. 4.2.9 25% subsidy on specific cleaner production measures limited to Rs.5.00 Lakhs. 4.2.10 Infrastructure like roads, power and water will be provided at door step of the industry for standalone units by contributing 50% of the cost of infrastructure from IIDF with a ceiling of Rs.1.00 Crore, subject to (a) the location should be beyond 10 kms from the existing Industrial Estates/IDA’s having vacant land/ shed for allotment and (b) cost of the infrastructure limited to 15% of the eligible fixed capital investment made in the industry. 4.3.0 Scheduled Castes / Scheduled Tribe Entrepreneurs

SC/ST Entrepreneurs mean those units established as sole Proprietor or invariably having 100% share in Partnership/Private Limited Companies vide Government Order 10th read above. Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe entrepreneurs can also set up industries covered in the Annexure-III to avail incentives in this policy. 4.3.1 100% reimbursement of Stamp duty and transfer duty paid by the industry on purchase of land meant for industrial use. 4.3.2 100% reimbursement of Stamp duty for Lease of Land/ Shed/ Buildings and also mortgages and hypothecations. 4.3.3 33 1/3% rebate in land cost limited to Rs.10.00 Lakhs in Industrial Estates/Industrial Parks. 4.3.4 25% Land conversion charges for the industrial use limited to Rs.10.0 lakhs. 4.3.5 Fixed power cost reimbursement @ Rs.1.00 per unit (upper ceiling)on the proposed revised rates (201011) for 5 years from the date of commencement of commercial production. In case, decrease in Power Tariff, the reimbursement will be reduced proportionately. 4.3.6 Seed capital assistance to First Generation Entrepreneurs to set-up Micro Enterprises @10% of the Machinery cost, which will be deducted from the eligible investment subsidy. 4.3.7 35% investment subsidy on fixed capital Investment for Micro and Small Enterprises by SC and ST Entrepreneurs and additional 5% investment subsidy for SC Women and ST Women Entrepreneurs, with a maximum limit per unit is Rs.50.00 Lakhs (i.e. 35% for SC and ST Entrepreneurs and 40% for SC Women and ST Women entrepreneurs). Additional 5% investment subsidy for units set up in Scheduled Areas by ST entrepreneurs with a maximum limit per unit is Rs.50.00 Lakhs. 4.3.8 Reimbursement of 100% VAT/CST or State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) for a period of 5 years from the date of commencement of commercial production to Micro Enterprises. 4.3.9 Reimbursement of 50% VAT/CST or State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) for a period of 5 years from the date of commencement of commercial production to Small Enterprises. 4.3.10 Interest subsidy under Pavala Vaddi Scheme on the term loan taken on the fixed capital investment by Micro and Small Enterprises in excess of 3% per annum subject to a maximum reimbursement of 9% per annum for a period of 5 years from the date of commencement of commercial production. 4.3.11 50% Reimbursement of cost involved in skill upgradation and training the local manpower limited to Rs.2000 per person. 4.3.12 50% subsidy on the expenses incurred for quality

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certification/ patent registration limited to Rs. 2.00 Lakhs for Micro and Small Enterprises. 4.3.13 25% subsidy on specific cleaner production measures limited to Rs.5.00 Lakhs. 4.3.14 For Micro and Small Enterprises set up by Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe entrepreneurs, Infrastructure like roads, power and water will be provided at doorstep of the industry for stand alone units by contributing 50% of the cost of infrastructure from IIDF with a ceiling of Rs.1.00 Crore, subject to (a) the location should be beyond 10 kms from the existing Industrial Estates/IDAs having vacant land/ shed for allotment and (b) cost of the infrastructure limited to 15% of the eligible fixed capital investment made in the industry. 50% of the cost of infrastructure is raised to 75% in respect of units set up by ST entrepreneurs in Scheduled areas. 4.3.15 The line of activity of Proclainer is considered as eligible exclusively in case of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe entrepreneurs and incentive shall be extended under service activity. 4.3.16 Joint venture industries of Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe entrepreneurs should be owned 100% by Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe entrepreneurs or a combination of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe promoters. In case of combined ownership the incentives will be determined basing on majority holding by Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe promoters. Such majority Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe share holding should continue for at least six (6) years from the date of production, failing which the special incentives allowed to Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe entrepreneurs will be recovered. 4.4 Women Entrepreneurs Women entrepreneurs mean those units established as sole Proprietress or invariably having 100% share in Partnership/Private Limited Companies vide Government Order 11th read above. 4.4.1 Additional 5% investment subsidy on fixed capital investment subject to a maximum of Rs.5.00 lakhs to MSE’s. 4.4.2 All other benefits as per para No.4.1.0 (Micro & Small Enterprises under IIPP 2010-15). 4.5.0 Mega Projects Mega Project means the Industrial unit, which sets up with a capital investment of Rs.250 Crores and above or a project that creates employment to more than 2000 persons. 4.5.1 Mega projects i.e. projects with an investment of Rs.250 Crores and above or a project that creates employment to more than 2000 persons are eligible for all the incentives available for Large Industries and Medium Scale Enterprises. 4.5.2 Further, the Government will also extend tailor-made

benefits to suit to a particular investment requirements on case to case basis. 4.6.0 Existing Micro/Small/Medium Enterprises Industries 50% subsidy on the expenses incurred for quality certification limited to Rs. 2.00 Lakh. 4.7.0 Infrastructure support: 4.7.1 To provide Rs.100.00 crores of budget every year for promotion of quality infrastructure like roads, power, water, waste management etc. under Industrial Infrastructure Development Fund (IIDF) Scheme. 4.7.2 Promotion of National Manufacturing Investment Zone (NMIZ) along National Highways to capitalize the strengths in line with Government of India initiatives for value addition within the State. 4.7.3 Promotion of Industrial Corridors to leverage the existing strengths for optimum utilization of resources 4.7.4 Reservation of 30-40% of the land for MSMEs in the upcoming industrial estates developed by Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC). 4.7.5 APIIC shall allocate 16.2% of number of plots to Scheduled Caste Entrepreneurs and 6% of number of plots to Scheduled Tribe Entrepreneurs in new Industrial Estate and preferential allotment to SC/ ST entrepreneurs in Existing Industrial Estates 4.7.6 Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC) shall allocate 10% of number of plots to Women Entrepreneurs in the new Industrial Estates. 4.8.0 Other benefits (to all categories) Reservation of 10% of water for industrial use from the existing projects as well as future projects will continue. 4.9.0 Facilitation of Industries 4.9.1 Strengthening of existing Single Window System 4.9.2 Creation of “Investment Promotion Cell” A Cell would be created in the Commissionerate of Industries to facilitate the investors in effective manner with adequate infrastructure and outsourcing the support services to facilitate investors by providing preinvestment services and also to facilitate them to get requisite clearances under the Single Window Clearance System till the project is commissioned. 4.10.0 Textile Sector Government felt that there is a need for promotion of Textile industry in sustainable manner and also for value addition within the State for optimum utilization of the cotton available in the State. a. The eligibility period for Spinning/Weaving/ Garmenting units commissioned during IIPP 2005-10 period is extended by another 3 years, making total eligibility period as 8 years (2005-13). b. To continue the benefits of existing incentives under Textile and Apparel Policy 2005-10 [G.O.Ms.No.300 Industries & Commerce (Tex) Department, dated.08.11.2005] by another 5 years.



7. 8.

9. 10.

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To promote Andhra Pradesh as the best investment destination for investors in India, the State Government have offered various incentives/benefits to all eligible new industrial enterprises set up in the State except in the Municipal Corporation limits of Vijayawada, Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation and Grater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation excluding existing Industrial Estates/ Parks, Industrial Estates notified/ to be notified and commence commercial production on or after 1.7.2010 but before 31-3-2015. However, the Industrial Enterprises located in Sanathnagar, Azamabad, Chandulal Baradari and Kattedan Industrial Estates of Hyderabad and Rangareddy Districts are not eligible for any incentives/ concessions. However, the service activities set up in all Municipal Corporation limits as appended in Annexure–II are eligible only for investment subsidy and all other service / Business activities are not eligible for any incentives set up anywhere in the State. Projects involving substantial Expansion / Diversification of existing industries in the eligible lines of activities are also entitled for benefits offered under the policy. The list of ineligible Industries/ activities is appended to, as Annexure III. Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe entrepreneurs can set up projects covered in the line of activities in Annexure – III and Annexure – IV to avail the incentives under the Industrial Investment Promotion Policy (IIPP) 2010-2015 in the State, however projects proposed to be set up in the Municipal Corporation limits of Vijayawada, Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation and Grater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation shall obtain pollution clearances wherever necessary. Service Sector projects set up by the Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe entrepreneurs will be limited to 50% of the Budget provision in order to encourage the remaining 50% for the manufacturing sector. The activities indicated in the Annexure-II, AnnexureIII and Annexure-IV will be reviewed from time to time for any revisions required. Necessary amendments/ Orders will be issued by the concerned Departments. Detailed operational guidelines will be issued by the Commissioner of Industries separately. This order issues with the concurrence of Finance (Exp.I&C) Department, vide Peshi No.8440 of Principal Finance Secretary (FP) dated.26.6.2010. Copy of this order is available on Internet and can be accessed at address (BY ORDER AND IN THE NAME OF THE GOVERNOR OF ANDHRA PRADESH)

Bio-plastics - Need of the Time At present, the demand for bio-degradable materials is huge both in China and in the world. The quantity needed at home in the packing industry and catering industry alone totals more than 3million tons. The international market demands even more, with a 30-50% year-on-year increase, the domestic demand in 2010 is expected to reach 13.437million with a total market value of over 150 billion, while that of the world will be about 20million ton. Recent years, the biodegradable industry has witnessed a rapid development. National policies are made to escalate the industry to a highend one, which would hopefully be the key areas in bio-degradable and absorbable material industry by 2015. The 2009 Shenzhen China International Bio-plastic Exhibition, is the most time-honored and professional of its kind in China. It serves as a platform for trade and technology exchanges for business people from all over the world. In 2009, entrepreneurs from about 20 countries and areas participated in this fair, many of which were from the U.S.A., the U.K., Germany, Italy, Thailand, New Zealand, Singapore, Taiwan and Hong Kong. During the exhibition, world-renowned corporations like as BSF and INNOR had discussions on the application and future of biodegradable materials. To meet the demands of many bio-degradable enterprises, Second Shenzhen International Bio-plastic Exhibition will be held in Great China Exchange Plaza from 16th the 17th, November 2010. The fair invites business people in plastic manufacturing, catering, packaging, machine building, and top officials form star-rate hotels. Besides, officials from local government departments for economic development and International Investment Organization will also be invited to the fair. The fair is expected to be of high-level and distinctive feature with an influence on the world bio-degradable industry. Scope of Exhibits: Bio-plastic products: Biodegradable Bags, Biodegradable Bowls, Biodegradable Cups, Biodegradable Containers, Biodegradable Plates, Biodegradable Trays, Biodegradable Cutlery, Biodegradable Knives, Biodegradable Forks, Biodegradable Spoons, Biodegradable Sporks, Cornstarch tableware, Oxo-Biodegradable masterbatches, Bio-plastics additives, Corn Starch Bags, plastic container, Sugarcane Plates and Bowls, Biodegradable plastic bowl, Biodegradable Catering Serving Fork, Biodegradable Compostable Bagasse Plates, Biodegradable Forks, Biodegradable Heavy Duty Picnic Pack, Biodegradable Knives, Biodegradable Catering Salad Tongs, Biodegradable Catering Serving Fork, Biodegradable Catering Serving Spoon, Biodegradable Catering Small Tongs, Biodegradable Spoons, Biodegradable Cutlery, Biobased substitutes to traditional plastics, 100% Biodegradable,100% Compostable,100% Biodegradable Cardboard, Biodegradable shopping bag, Bio-degradable plastics, Biodegradable bags, Pulp environmental tableware, Molded Pulp, Molded Pulp Cup, Medical bio-plastic products, E-Bio Plastic Products, Plastic Food Biotechnology, Bio-plastic cell phone case, Bioplastic cartridges, Bio-plastic toothpaste box, Bio-plastic comb, Bio-plastic toothbrush, Bio-plastic toothpick, Bioplastics Cup, Bio-plastic products and other products. CONTACT: TEL: 86-755-28188469 13684940952 Liu Lu FAX: 86-755-83721979, WEB:

Classifieds Khan Die Works

For sale, blow moulding machines 2 litre capacity, fully automatic (Make Rana) 1 litre capacity, fully automatic (Make Vikum) Parmeshwari Industries IDA, Kattedan, Hyderabad. Cell 9291696100

(Since 1986)

Manufacturers of Blow and Injection moulds on latest CNC Techniques @ MJ Market Contact: MA Hakeem (Khan Saab) Cell : 09394700888

Classified Advertisements are being introduced for the benefit of members at very nominal cost & is only for the members

Imported used injection moulding machines for sale Contact

V. Suresh

Contact @ APPMA Office for details. Tel : 23203191

Cell : 9849022212 39 39 39

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PLASTOPACK: 4-1-10/1, Tilak Road, Opp. Posnett Bhavan, Hyderabad – 500 001,

N K Bothra

24750512 9346250888

Mfrs of Plastic containers in HDPE, Pet from 3ml to 20ltrs.


SHIVANANDA PLASTICS PVT LTD: Near Industrial Estate, Narkatpally – Villaga & Mandal, Nalgonda – Dist.;

P. Harinath & P. Prahlad

08682 – 272528 Mfrs of PVC Pipes. 9440622120 9440622121


S M ROTOFLEX PVT LTD: B-70, APIE Balanagar, Hyderabad -500 037,

B L Bhandari

23875550 23875551 9849055500

Polythene bags & Printed bags.


INNOVATIVE POLYMERS (P) LTD B-2, Phase –I, IDA., Jeedimetla, Hyderabad – 500 055

M. Surendernath (M.D) A. Chandra Sekhar Reddy

23096499 23093161 9849010377 9849422158

Injection Moulding Plastic Components.


S V POLYPACK INDSUTRIES Plot no 247, Silver Oak Bungalows, Phase -2, IDA Cherlapally, Hyderabad;

L Pratap Reddy

65356580 9949466073

Mfrs of L D Polyfilms.


MEENU PLAST (P) LTD Sy no 1361A, 1360, 1361E, Nandigama, Kothur – Mandal, Mahaboob Nagar – 509210


DUGAR POLYMERS LTD 1-11-240/5/1, 5th Floor, Shyamlal Building, Begumpet, Hyderabad – 500 016

Manoj Dugar (CMD) Dilip Surana (VP)

66311314 984905110 9849047968

Del Credre and Consignment Stockist for M/s. Indian Oil Corporation Ltd for their PE & PP Product.


AYUSHMAN MERCHANTS PVT LTD Plot no 35, D V Colony, 1st Floor, Minister Road, Secunderabad – 500 003

Manoj Dugar (CMD) Dilip Surana (VP)

27847821 27721360 9849051100 9849047968

Del Credre and Consignment Stockist for M/s. Chemplast Sanmar Ltd for their PVC Resin Product.


SAI POLY PACK 4-4-230 /232, Pan Bazar, Lala Temple Lane, Secunderabad – 500 003

P Srinivas Rao

66321525 9848456465

Poly bag, H M, LD, PP, Stretch Film, Air Bubble Film, With Flexo Printing & Roto Gravure Printing.


MONA ENTERPRISES H no. 16-2-281/14/A, Mathangi Complex, LB Nagar, Godavari Khanni, Dist. Karimnagar – 505209

D Mohan (Proprietor) K. Prabakar (Manager)

9848411108 9849413457

Manufacturer of Plastic Injuction Moulding items & Reprocessing Unit.

Disposable Containers.

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May this Diwali Light up new dreams, fresh hopes, undiscovered avenues, different perspectives, everything bright & beautifulfil and fill ur days with pleasant surprises and moments.

Happy Dasshera and Diwali ATTENTION

Mr. Kamal Rathi F.C.A. Dear members, Now you can ask your Income Tax related queries to Mr. Kamal Rathi, F.C.A. Kindly send all the enquires addressed to copy marked to All queries will be replied by Mr. Kamal Rathi and published in A.P. PLASTIC TIMES for benefit of other enterpruners ~Editor 43 43 43


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Design Sensitization Seminar 9 August, 2010 at Hotel NKM’s Grand, Hyderabad th

Mr. Jayadev Meela, President of Andhra Pradesh Plastic Manufacturers’ Association, welcomed the Chief Guest, Mr.B.Suresh Babu, Additional Director of Industries, Guests of Honor, Mr.K.Manoharan, Chief Manager Projects, CIPET, and Mr.N.T.Naidu, Deputy Director MSME, Hyderabad and all the members and Past Presidents of APPMA. On this occasion he thanked NID for taking the initiative of conducting the Design Sensitization Seminar. He hoped that the members would be benefited from this seminar.

After a short Tea Break, the seminar resumed with the technical sessions. The first technical session was presented by Mr.Arvind Dutta, on the topic Trends in Plastics. He explained in detail the importance of raw material selection in design of a new product. The second technical session was by Mr.Suresh Navandar. His topic was Importance of Product design for Plastic Industry. He enlightened the members as to how with a slight change in design of a product would change the economics of a company. He dealt in length on this subject by giving live case studies. His presentation was very informative and educative.

Prof. TV Prasad Chowdhry gave a brief on National Institute of Design.

The third Technical session came from Mr.VP Vijay Kumar. He spoke on the topic Forget Big Think Small. The relevancy of design clinics for the new and old entrepreneurs was explained. The process of mould creation needs an in-depth study and hence the precision with which a doctor does his work is equally importance while deciding the mould designs. An interactive session followed where the participants asked quite a few questions and the presenters clarified their doubts.

The Chief Guest, Mr.B.Suresh Babu, Additional Director of Industries informed the members about different schemes available with the Ministry of industries and asked the members to avail these schemes and improve their business. The Guest of Honor, Mr.K.Manoharan, Chief Manager Projects, CIPET enlightened the members of design facilities available with them and offered their services for the benefit of SMEs in plastic industry. He recommitted their cooperation for any program that APPMA forwards for the benefit of plastic industry.

The last presentation was from Mr.M.Ravikant, Technical Officer from CIPET, Hyderabad. He spoke on software available for Design Sensitization. Using CAD,CAM & CAE he explained how these software have revolutionized the new product design possibilities.

The second guest of Honor Mr.N.T.Naidu, Deputy Director MSME, Hyderabad explained in detail the process after design sensitization to finally develop the moulds and the MSME financial assistance schemes available for entrepreneurs benefits.

Mr. K.Narayana Reddy, Jt.Secretary, APPMA concluded the Seminar, with a vote of Thanks.

Mr.J.Venugopal, Hon.Secretary expressed Vote of Thanks. 45 45 45

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andhra pradesh plastics manufacturers association  
andhra pradesh plastics manufacturers association  

andhra pradesh plastics manufacturers association, august 2010 issue