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ISSUE 12

C A P E T OW N


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From the Editor John F. Kennedy once said that “Change is the law of life and those who look only to the past or present are certain to miss the future”.

L

Stefan Kemp Stefan Kemp Editor

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NORTHERN HILLS C A P E T OW N

NORTHERN HILLS #SUMMER 2016

ife is about constant, predictable patterns of change, and the only constant factor will be our feelings and attitudes toward life. We as human beings have the power of attitude and that attitude determines choice, and choice determines results. All that we are and all that we can become has indeed been left to us to decide and interpret through our attitude and choices. Guilty as charged, in fact let me rephrase, we are all guilty as charged ….. A big change, sadly, not for the better is the way we interact with friends and the way we build relationships. Social media has led us to have fewer interactions with the people that we associate with. Since it has become more prevalent, social media has made people have a tendency to want to interact with people online rather than in person because it has made the process simpler. Although some youngsters may view this as a positive change, as counterintuitive as that may sound, this has caused people to become more antisocial than ever before. The world has changed into a society that is complacent sitting behind computer screens. Social media is a leading cause of this complacency. The number of face-to-face interactions is not the only thing that has been negatively impacted. The quality of these decreasing interactions are suffering as well. People are not having these intimate conversations and personal interactions with each other anymore. People, instead, have turned to the Internet to take away some of the nervousness that some may find in trying to start a relationship with another person. Social media is a driving force behind these changes. These sites want people to use them as frequently as possible. Not only has the influx of social media been decreasing the quality of interactions, but it has also drastically changed the amount of relationships that people have in person as well. Maybe we should change, give a little more effort towards face to face interactions, but unlike online friendships, real-life relationships take time and effort. They help us learn about others and ultimately ourselves. Online friendships, while certainly valuable in many ways, lack the ability to provide us with opportunities for deep and lasting emotional closeness. So accept and seek out your online friends, rekindle lost connections, and revisit childhood friendships but most importantly let us cherish those face to face personal relationships we have .

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IN THIS ISSUE

13

16

22

30

35

38

42

44

47

5 REASONS MODERN-DAY PARENTING IS IN CRISIS

12

GROUNDS TO CHALLENGE A WILL

16

HALT CELEBRATING 16 YEARS OF SERVICE

20

DESIGN WITH A LOCAL PERSPECTIVE 

22

JUNK STATUS IS LIKE AN ICEBERG: EITHER GO AROUND OR GO DOWN!

31

10 REASONS GOLF WILL ALWAYS BE THE ULTIMATE BUSINESS TOOL! 

35

JAGUAR F-PACE REVIEW

39

10 NUTRITIONAL MYTHS MOST PEOPLE BELIEVE 

42

PREPARE YOUR SKIN FOR WINTER TREATMENTS!

44

CHILDHOOD OBESITY IN SOUTH AFRICA 

47

PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

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51

55

59

60

65

69

71

77

67

15 THINGS MEN SAY THAT GET ON WOMEN’S NERVES

50

“YES’’ AND “NO” ARE TWO ANSWERS YOU NEED TO LEARN AS SOON AS POSSIBLE

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ONE BEHAVIOUR SEPARATES THE SUCCESSFUL FROM THE AVERAGE 

65

5 DO-IT-YOURSELF TASKS THAT HELP SAVE ON VET BILLS

66

PREVENT CAT SCRATCHING WITH THE “3 D’S”

69

WATER SECURITY

71

SCIENCE EXPLAINS, WHY DO SHOELACES COME UNTIED 

75

UPCOMING EVENTS 

77

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5 REASONS MODERN-DAY PARENTING IS IN CRISIS, ACCORDING TO A BRITISH NANNY I generally am quite an optimistic person. I tend to believe that everything will work out for the best unless the evidence is overwhelmingly to the contrary, and anyone who knows me will tell you that I am not prone to drama.

T

hat’s why when I say that modern parenting is in serious trouble — crisis, even — I hope you’ll listen, and listen carefully. I’ve worked with children and their parents across two continents and two decades, and what I’ve seen in recent years alarms me. Here are the greatest problems, as I see them:

1. A fear of our children.

I have what I think of as “the sippy cup test,” wherein I will observe a parent getting her toddler a cup of milk in the morning. If the child says, “I want the pink sippy cup, not the blue!” yet the mum has already poured the milk into the blue sippy cup, I watch carefully to see how the parent reacts. More often than not, the mum’s face whitens and she rushes to get the preferred sippy cup before the child has a tantrum. Fail! What are you afraid of, mum? Who is in charge here? Let her have a tantrum, and remove yourself so you don’t have to hear it. But for goodness’ sake, don’t make extra work for yourself just to please her — and even more importantly, think about the lesson it teaches if you give her what she wants because she’s thrown a fit.

3. We’ve lost the village.

It used to be that bus drivers, teachers, shopkeepers and other parents had carte blanche to correct an unruly child. They would act as the mum and dad’s eyes and ears when their children were out of sight, and everyone worked towards the same shared interest: raising proper boys and girls. This village was one of support. Now, when someone who is not the child’s parent dares to correct him, the mum and dad get upset. They want their child to appear perfect, and so they often don’t accept teachers’ and others’ reports that he is not. They’ll storm in and have a go at a teacher rather than discipline their child for acting out in class. They feel the need to project a perfect picture to the world and unfortunately, their insecurity is reinforced because many parents do judge one another. If a child is having a tantrum, all eyes turn on the mum disapprovingly. Instead she should be supported, because chances are the tantrum occurred because she’s not giving in to one of her child’s demands. Those observers should instead be saying, “Hey, good work — I know setting limits is hard.”

Children are capable of much more than parents typically expect from them.

2. A lowered bar.

When children misbehave, whether it’s by way of public outburst or private surliness, parents are apt to shrug their shoulders as if to say, “That’s just the way it is with kids.” I assure you, it doesn’t have to be. Children are capable of much more than parents typically expect from them, whether it’s in the form of proper manners, respect for elders, chores, generosity or self-control. You don’t think a child can sit through dinner at a restaurant? Rubbish. You don’t think a child can clear the table without being asked? Rubbish again! The only reason they don’t behave is because you haven’t shown them how and you haven’t expected it! It’s that simple. Raise the bar and your child shall rise to the occasion.

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4. A reliance on shortcuts.

I think it’s wonderful that parents have all sorts of electronics to help them through airline flights and long waits at the doctor’s office. It’s equally fabulous that we can order our groceries online for delivery, and heat up healthy-ish food at the touch of a button on the microwave. Parents are busier than ever, and I’m all for taking the easy way when you need it. But shortcuts can be a slippery slope. When you see how wonderful it is that Caillou can entertain your child on a flight, don’t be tempted to put it on when you are at a restaurant. Children must still learn patience. They must still learn to entertain themselves. They must still learn that not all food comes out steaming hot and ready in three minutes or less, and ideally they will also learn to help prepare it. Babies must


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learn to self-soothe instead of sitting in a vibrating chair each time they’re fussy. Toddlers need to pick themselves up when they fall down instead of just raising their arms to mum and dad. Show children that shortcuts can be helpful, but that there is great satisfaction in doing things the slow way too.

5. Parents put their children’s needs ahead of their own.

There is nothing wrong with not going to your child when she wants yet another glass of water at night.

Naturally, parents are wired to take care of their children first, and this is a good thing for evolution! I am an advocate of adhering to a schedule that suits your child’s needs, and of practices like feeding and clothing your children first. But parents today have taken it too far, completely subsuming their own needs and mental health for the sake of their children. So often I see mums get up from bed again and again to fulfill the whims of their child. Or dads drop everything to run across the zoo to get their daughter a drink because she’s thirsty. There is nothing wrong with not going to your child when she wants yet another glass of water at night. There’s nothing wrong with that dad at the zoo saying, “Absolutely you can have something to drink, but you must wait until we pass the next drinking fountain.” There is nothing wrong with using the word “No” on occasion, nothing wrong with asking your child to entertain herself for a few minutes because mummy would like to use the toilet in private or flick through a magazine for that matter. I fear that if we don’t start to correct these five grave parenting mistakes, and soon, the children we are raising will grow up to be entitled, selfish, impatient and rude adults. It won’t be their fault — it will be ours. We never taught them any differently, we never expected any more of them. We never wanted them to feel any discomfort, and so when they inevitably do, they are woefully unprepared for it. So please, parents and caregivers from London to Los Angeles, and all over the world, ask more. Expect more. Share your struggles. Give less. And let’s straighten these children out, together, and prepare them for what they need to be successful in the real world and not the sheltered one we’ve made for them. NH

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GROUNDS TO CHALLENGE A WILL My dad married again and his children with his other wife inherited, but not us. On what grounds can we challenge his will?

I

n order to make a valid will, the testator must have the necessary testamentary capacity. A will is presumed to be valid until its invalidity has been established and the onus is on the person alleging the invalidity, to prove the allegation. No person in terms of the South African law has the right to inherit. However the freedom of a testator to dispose his estate as he wishes is not absolute, since the law can restrain testators in their exercise of their testamentary freedom.

Grounds to challenge a will Failure to comply with the formalities:

Section 2 of the Wills Act 7 of 1953 (“the Act”) determines the formalities for a valid will. However in terms of section 2(3) of the Act, if a court is satisfied that a document or an amendment, drafted or executed by a person who has since died, was intended to be that person’s will or an amendment thereto, the court shall order the Master of the High Court to accept that document as his will, despite it not complying with the prescribed formalities. Therefore courts have a general discretion to condone noncompliance with the prescribed formalities. In most case law courts use a strict application/approach of section 2(3) of the Act and always considers the surrounding circumstances to determine whether the testator intended the document to be his will.

Forgery:

A will can be challenged on the ground that it was forged. In other words the will looks genuine and complies with all the formalities, but the testator’s signature is forged. In this instance evidence such as statements made by the testator, the testator’s instructions and statements of testamentary intention are admissible. In Molefi v Nhlapo and Others the court allowed evidence of a handwriting expert and his evidence helped to determine that the will was a forgery. Another instance when a will can be challenged on the ground of forgery, would be when a person is disqualified to inherit or benefit from the will. Examples include: A person depriving his siblings of their share according to the estate; A person contributed or caused the death of the 16

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Eksekuteur aan te wys in sy Testament delg. (Let asseblief dat dit nie altyd die Sou Johan of Sandra sterf sonder wie sal toesien tot die administrasie geval is nie, maar wel ‘n moontlikheid om ‘n geldige testament na te laat, sal van sy boedel. Aangesien die afhangende van die omstandighede.) sy/haar boedel in terme van die Wet boedelproses ‘n gespesialiseerde taak Indien hulle ‘n Testament opstel, op Intestate Erfopvolging 81 van 1987 testator and;Wat A person and his spouse, who is ahulle witness to a stel om into considerationis, iscertain principle like dit wenslik om ‘ncircumstances, deskundige aan sal dit in staat hulle verdeel word. dit vir hulle gesin will, is signs of gade the testator or who writes out the the testator’s capacity; the testator’s ability to resist te stel. wense duidelik uit te spreek. Johan mental beteken dat on diebehalf nagelate in willvan in die his Intestate handwriting. However of sal thedus Actkan bepaal Dit is egter belangrik ‘n and the Sandra dat diethe relationship terme Erfreg slegs sectionen4A(2) influence; between the om testator thatofwhere a court watter is satisfied thatlangslewende the person orvan his hulle die deskundige te raadpleeg met die period oorledene R250states 000.00 ‘n kindsdeel, person responsible for the alleged influence and; the spouse notgrootste defraud is, or van unduly influence theboedel testatorerf. in Dit is belangrik opstel van ‘n Testament. Hy/sy sal jou se hele bedrag ookdid al die between the drafting of the will and the death of the testator. the makingse ofboedel his will,erf they receive a onder andere kan adviseer oor die omtoseker te maak dat daar geen die oorledene en would die be able Conduct similar to duress or fraud also required. kostes verbonde aan die is bereddering onduidelikheid oor jou wense ontstaan kinders elk ‘n kindsdeel. (Ter inligting benefit in terms of the will. key element to contest a willom on van ‘nthe boedel en die belangrikheid nie, jy sal nie meer hier wees om jou Therefore word ‘n kindsdeel bereken deur die the ground of undue influence is displacement voorsiening te maak dat voldoende ware bedoeling uit te spreek nie. waarde van die boedel te verdeel Testamentary capacity: die boedel betaal salexecution word deurSection die aantal nagelate ofkontant volition.in However if after the 4 ofkinders the Acten states that any personHulle voel dalk oor ‘n paar jaar om enige skuld af te los, asook kostes anders en wil hulle kinders insluit in gades. Veronderstel die waarde van of a will a period of time has lapsed, during who is sixteen years and older, and has the wat deur die loop van die boedel hulle testament. Hulle kan dan selfs ‘n die boedel beloop R5 100 000.00 sal which the testator could have changed his mental capacity to understand what he is proses betaalbaar is. Sodoende sal ‘n Testamentêre Trust in die Testament ‘n kindsdeel R5 100 000.00 ÷ 3 (twee doing, can execute a will. The problematic will and he gade did not, may be concluded nagelate nieit gedwing word omthat stig ten bate van hulle minderjarige kinders en die nagelate gade) = R1 requirement is whether the testator had hisbates will was not made against wishes. te verkoop om skuldhis te vereffen kinders. Die Testament kan onder 700 000.00 wees. Die nagelate gade sufficient capacitysal todus understand and Ifnie. in doubt whether you can contest a will, andere aandui wie as Trustees van die en elk van diemental twee kinders R1 testamentary v daarop Johan en Testamentêre Trust aangestel moet contact Let 700 appreciate 000.00 erf.his Sou die waardeact. vanIn Thirion yourasseblief legal advisor for dat clarification. Die Meester courtbeloop, held that Sandra ‘n gesamentlike Testament kan word om die trustbates namens hulle die boedel R300the 000.00 salthe consumption of alcoholgade is not a sufficient ground invalidate the kinders te behartig, opstel, maar dit staan hulle ook vry om die nagelate R250 000.00 erf en to minderjarige Information provided by MHI Attorneys – Contact elk individuele Testamente op te stel. asook die ouderdom waarop die die twee kinders R25 000.00 elk.) will. In Essop v Mustapha and Essop NNO and Others Jurgens Tubb for any Tel:‘n086 191 9070 Dit isinformation nooit maklik om geliefde aan kinders se erfl ating aan hulle oorbetaal Ten spyte van die feit dat hierdie the court held that the decisive moment for establishing the www. mhilaw.co.za die dood af te staan nie, daarom moet moet word. Verder kan hulle aandui omstandighede glad nie hulle wense competence of a testator is the time when the will was made jy alles in jou vermoë doen om die weerspieël bestaan daar verder ‘n to wie and notnie, when instructions were given draftasa voog will. van hulle minderjarige This article is a general information and should not be bereddering van sheet jou boedel so sorgvry kinders sal optree sou hulle gelyktydig moontlikheid dat die Eksekuteur van moontlik vir jou naasbestaandes te sterf. die boedelbates moet verkoop om used or relied on as legal or other professional advice. No Undue influence: NH maak. for Hulle sal ook in staat wees om ‘n die skuld en kostes van die boedel te liability can be accepted any errors or omissions nor for

No person in terms of the South African law has the right to inherit.

Every testator has testamentary freedom and discretion to divide his estate as he wishes. In the case where a testator’s testamentary freedom and discretion was infringed or impaired, his will is declared invalid. Courts have to take

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any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your legal adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE) NH

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SUMMER 2015 // www.northern hills.co.za // 00


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HALT CELEBRATING 16 YEARS OF SERVICE EXCLUSIVE TO DURBANVILLE, BELLVILLE, KRAAIFONTEIN & SURROUNDING AREAS “Good Security is about well trained staff, a clear objective, and above all, effective management”, says Lesley Kotze, CEO of HALT ALARMS (PTY) Ltd.

L

esley is the widow of the late Frans Kotze Senior, founder member of HALT, and a man who brought with him years of immeasurable experience. Backed by a very loyal HALT “A” TEAM, Lesley has been steering HALT after her husband’s passing on 31 March 2011. Reflecting on 16 years of success, Lesley says, “HALT was never meant to be an ordinary Armed Response Company, and certainly not one to stagnate”. She goes on to say that, “though having faced the sadness and tragedy of losing a husband and leader, we continued believing in the example he set, held onto our faith, followed a path of positive thinking, and remained results driven in combating crime. With this motto, the HALT “A” TEAM will serve the Durbanville Community for many more years to come.” Showing a commitment to HALT’s future, Lesley is bringing extra depth and experience into HALT’s management capabilities, and his name is well known to most of us in Durbanville. G e o r g e Conradie, former coowner of HALT is joining Lesley as a partner in HALT as of 3 April 2017. George has been living abroad

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since 2009. “I am excited to be back in South Africa and I applaud Lesley Kotze for her strength and insight over the years. I look forward to working together with Lesley & the HALT “A” TEAM, raising the bar for security service standards in Durbanville and surrounding, and to create tangible results and solutions for our clients and the community as a whole”. George is tight lipped about what exactly he means by that, but promises that Durbanville residents will experience it in the coming months. “HALT has been a leading security service provider in Durbanville for 16 years, and we intend to remain the service provider of choice with ground breaking service, cultivating a performance driven company culture, by providing well trained staff, and an overall well-managed security service which adds quality to life”, Says George. Under the wing of George Conradie will be the HALT’s Technical Department, Armed Response, and Social Media & Public Relations, while Lesley heads things up internally. George is a strong believer in maintaining direct involvement in the company’s day to day activities, and that top management should maintain a close relationship with their clients. George invites you to talk to him directly on telephone 0762289653, or e-mail george@haltsecurity.co.za. George says that “I will in any event be communicating with you and share important information on a regular basis via social media as well as in a monthly newsletter”. We urge you to go to our website (www.haltsecurity.co.za) to sign up and stay in the loop on relevant matters. You may also follow us on Facebook which is the platform we will use to get more urgent information to you faster.

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DESIGN WITH A LOCAL PERSPECTIVE

Brought to you from Louise Wileman Architecture and Design www.lwarch.co.za

Autumn is a time when nature slows down, becomes still and seems to look at itself, reflect and cast off excess.

C

olours, landscapes, the very feel of the air around our local creatives for high end design and products. us changes and even the passage of time seems to In my practice, we like to include our clients in our design slow down ever so slightly. It seems to inspire a time of team. We seek to establish a collaborative think space that introspection and contemplation in most of us. allows them access to the creative process, so that Taking stock before winter comes. A perfect time at the end of the project, they feel connected to to plan a new home, a renovation or an update their space from the get go. For that reason, we to an interior scheme. also love collaborating with and buying from As we enter a new era of uncertainty local designers. The community at work, so and restlessness in the world at large, our to speak. homes become more than ever our place of As South Africans, we are fortunate to physical and emotional refuge. This trend have access to a creative community of is very noticeable worldwide. Interiors have furniture designers, artists and craftspeople become more neutral, elegant and quiet, but at that are world class. Their products are the same time celebrating the often quirky and beautifully designed, innovative, of a high quality individualistic work of local designers, artists and and well-priced. The added benefits of buying local craftsmen. It is as if humankind is reverting to a tribalism is of course that we strengthen our local economy, help of sorts, where we speak a design language that resonate our create job opportunities and cut down dramatically on the local environment and aesthetic. carbon footprint of the products we acquire. To me this idea Louise Wileman architecture and interior design specialisestranslates in residential and corporate architecture and We still keenly look towards international trends to confirm, into completely guilt-free retail therapy andinterior the design. We are registered with SACAP, the Cape Institute of Architecture and the Green Building council. Our team slightly nervously that we are playing with the cool kids, but very best reason to buy that beautiful new dining room table comes with a wealth of knowledge and experience offer a full service from concept our confidence is growing and we turn without hesitation to and can you’ve been coveting for the past while. design to contract administration. We provide our clients with an excellent set of documentation to make the tender and construction phases as accurately and smoothly as possible and in provide 3D and models to make sure thatand clients visually connect Louiserun Wileman architecture and interior design specialises residential corporate architecture interior with the proposed design. with SACAP, the Cape Institute of Architecture and the Green Building council. Our team design. We are registered

In my practice, we like to include our clients in our design team.

Louise architecture and interior design specialises in residential corporate architecture interior comesWileman with a wealth of knowledge and experience and can offer a full and service from concept designand to contract

design. We intuitively are We registered with SACAP, the Cape Institute ofof Architecture and the Greenthe Building Our team administration. provide oursite, clients with an excellent documentation totimeless, make tendercouncil. and construction Responding to the the brief and theset context, we create nurturing spaces and implement comes with a wealth of knowledge and experience and can offer a full service from concept design to contract phases run as accurately and smoothly as possible and provide 3D models to make sure that clients visually connect sound design solutions based on age old knowledge and cutting edge technology. We lead our clients towards administration. We design. provide our clients with an excellent set of documentation to make the tender and construction with the proposed responsible and ethical product choices, dealing with environmental factors to lessen the load of our buildings phases run as accurately and smoothly as possible and provide 3D models to make sure that clients visually connect onwith scarce resources. the proposed design. Responding intuitively to the site, the brief and the context, we create timeless, nurturing spaces and implement sound design solutions based on age old knowledge and cutting edge technology. We lead our clients towards Your journey with us willtobe a mutually enriching experience, bytothe dedication our team. Responding intuitively the site, choices, the brief and the context, weguaranteed createfactors timeless, nurturing spaces and implement responsible and ethical product dealing with environmental lessen the loadof of our buildings sound design solutions based on age old knowledge and cutting edge technology. We lead our clients towards on scarce resources. responsible and ethical product choices, dealing with environmental factors to lessen the load of our buildings c.c. on scarce resources. Your journey with us will be a mutually enriching experience, guaranteed by the dedication of our team.

louise wileman architecture and interior design louise wileman architecture and interior design c.c. louise wileman architecture and interior design c.c.

Your journey with us will be a mutually enriching experience, guaranteed by the dedication of our team.

a 10 brink street Welgemoed t 021 9136200 c 082 5674102 e studio@lwarch.co.za w www.lwarch.co.za a 10 brink street Welgemoed t 021 9136200 c 082 5674102 e studio@lwarch.co.za w www.lwarch.co.za

a 10 brink street Welgemoed t 021 9136200 c 082 5674102 e studio@lwarch.co.za w www.lwarch.co.za


Our favourite local designers

Clinton has turned his passion for photography and the natural world into a dynamic and successful business selling homeware and now also clothing, of great quality and style. His work celebrates our link with nature and makes it easily accessible. Shop online at www. clintonfriedman.com

Natural curiosities wallpaper POA, Jungle cecropia serving tray R 360.00, African Orchid and St. Verde scatters from R 780.00

PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

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This multi-talented creative, with a love for timber has designed a range of lights that is hugely successful. Working in sustainable timber, Jacques new range, which was launched at Maison in September 2016, adds a twist to its classic design by integrating bamboo and FSC-certified (Forestry Stewardship Council) African Mahogany with birch ply-wood. The result is a range of so-called AfriScandi style light fittings. Jacques has also branched out into furniture recently. www.minima.co.za

Natalie, an interior designer by trade, comes from a diverse cultural background and has a wealth of experience in interior and product design. Her experience and passion for craft, underscored by her philosophy that design is a medium and outlet to create positive experiences in the world, has led to her opening Indigi designs, specialising in quirky stylised furniture, lighting and accessories. Shop online at www.indigidesigns.co.za

Fracture Armchair in Facet Teal – R 6995.00 Undu Stool in Bemba Blocks Black – R 1995.00 PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

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Manufacturers of quality furniture

Showroon direct to the Public Tel: 021 948 6911 | info@meyerandferreira.co.za | www.meyerandferreira.co.za | Fergusonstraat Nr. 1, Bellville

www.patiowarehouse.co.za


The phenomenally talented husband and wife team, that is Dark Horse has built an incredibly successful Furniture and accessory business in the space of five short years. Their attention to detail and quality has seen their brand go international making them a great local export. Shop online at www.dark-horse.co.za

Boss Armchair Retails - R13500 and Antique copper tray side table R 3850.00

Established in 2014 in Cape Town Bofred is an ever-evolving space of carefully curated contemporary design, setup to showcase home and decor items that are designed and manufactured in South Africa. At the core of their collective lies an appreciation for beautiful things, which is reflected in the workmanship and care that goes into creating and selecting their exclusive collection of interior items and furniture.  Shop online at www.bofred.co.za

PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

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Hoi P’loy creates a unique line of vintage revival lighting products. They offer retro inspired lighting products that appeal to a contemporary decor aesthetic. They’re passionate about bringing back the quality design aesthetics that were once evident in everyday objects. Based in Woodstock, the small studio works with various skilled artisans to offer a new take on lighting inspired from the past. Shop online at www. hoiploy.com

Mia is a talented designer, blogger and owner of the very successful Studio19, a young multidisciplinary design studio based in Johannesburg. Shop online at www.studio19.co.za

PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

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JUNK STATUS IS LIKE AN ICEBERG: EITHER GO AROUND OR GO DOWN! Let’s say that every year you went and purchased something new that you really needed or wanted (i.e. nuclear deal with Russia) and that purchase was always expensive and required longer than one year to pay off (1 trillion dollars) but that’s okay because every year you plan to make more money than you did the year before (taxes collected).

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o, the extra funds will easily pay for that new loan amount over a few years (bonds) and the loan is easily achieved because you have a healthy credit score (rating agency, Moody’s).

How does your entire life come crashing down?

You ask your accountant to buy something that someone you adore really wants. However, your accountant says that you can’t afford it and explains that it is more of a want than a need. You tell the person that you adore that the accountant said that you can’t have it but the adored won’t accept that and devises a plan to show you that it can be done. So, you comply, which entails firing your expert and hiring a puppet. Herein lies the consequence, the agency rating you and the running of your affairs regarding your creditworthiness, competency and affordability is an expert of experts and will work out that a muppet is now in charge of your affairs and rank you accordingly. In the real-world, rating agencies are absolute. Smoke and mirrors with double rainbows, the best sales pitch and promises, don’t account for anything because rating agencies are linked to a fixed legal barrier. Licensed investors, banks, mutual funds, hedge funds, pension funds and asset managers PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

are prevented by institutional guides and in most cases law in certain territories, especially first world countries from investing in junk status countries, be that with government or other businesses within that country. This extends to private investment clients too, as in many cases this policy is built into their internal disclaimer. So, let’s say that someone lives in London and has an investment account at Credit Suisse. This investor can lend about 80% of the value of their own money back that they have in the stock markets so long as their money is invested outside of junk status countries. As soon as a territory becomes junk status, that private client will be notified and told to either pull out from that country or be forced to settle their loan. There could be tens of millions of these people, which could have invested in their personal capacity into large corporates that issued bonds like public company mining houses. Reports show that about 40% of government bonds are funded by foreign institutional money and most of that money comes from countries that cannot invest in junk bonds. Those outside the junk status prohibition territory will still see our depreciating currency as unfavourable and want to exit, simply from a financial perspective. The quick and the short is that South Africa can’t now //ISSUE 12//www.northernhills.co.za

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WATERFRONT POOL RENOVATION Fibreglass linings | Re-marble | Structural repairs | New Copings Installed Weir, Light, Salt water chlorinator installations

P.O. Box 96, Maitland 7404 | Tel/Fax: 021 593 8063 | Mobile: 082 441 4696 Email: info@waterfrontpoolrenovations.co.za

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lend money where money is easily available because of laws regarding junk status and if we can manage to get around it, it will be more expensive, probably 3% more, meaning tax payers are going to have to contribute that shortfall. Just like any transaction where money is involved, there are agreements and clauses that last the lifetime of each loan. The consequences now in those clauses regarding junk status could be anything from higher interest to faster payment or calls on loans or auto transfers to other parties and so on. These triggers are all negative for South Africa but favourably designed to protect the investor. South Africa is not alone, the entire world is not doing well. President Trump has had great stock market rallies but in terms of their currency – unpredictable and volatile. Theresa May, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom triggered article 50 which will maintain the pounds downward spiral until real certainty regarding Brexit is contractually signed with each of the 27 countries – this is years away. Without these two countries experiencing their own volatility, the dollar to rand value would be well over 20 to 1 and the pound would be over somewhere north of 30 to 1, timing has been our saving grace but it’s far from over. In reality, all of our previous 2008 issues like unemployment and labour unrest has only escalated, which justified that we have periodically since 2009, suffered rating cuts by all three top ratings agencies. The big three credit rating agencies are Moody’s, Standard & Poors (S&P) which account for 80% of the market share and Fitch Ratings with the additional 15%, leaving 5% to a handful of smaller players. Credit ratings play a crucial role in determining bond risk and how much entities that issue debt, must pay. The quick and the short is that South Africa can’t now lend money where money is easily available because of laws regarding junk status and if we can manage to get around it, it will be more expensive, probably 3% more, meaning taxpayers are going to have to contribute that shortfall. Over the last 35 years these agencies have downgraded about 20 countries to junk status, only six have ever regained back into investment territory. The fastest was just under 1 year, the slowest was almost 12 years and the average was 7 years. It would take two of the three ratings agencies putting us into junk status to stamp our fate long-term but that’s being optimistic. In the same way that people ask for bank loans, PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

governments do. They go on road shows to source financing from international funds that have trillions to spend. Our finance minister is cap in hand several times a year, explaining what projects need funding and how these funds are going to grow the tax base and the economy. Our problem for almost a decade has primarily been corruption, from that we have a lack of prudent spending from tenders to ethical financial priority towards the poor. No one should really have an issue with tenders being won by friends and family. You often find the workplace is full of people that got their head start from a colleague. The issue lies in these people not doing the work, missing delivery deadlines and or costing more than the original tender winning costs but luckily our economy has had a healthily reserve so from that aspect we’ve never experienced a consequence. Experts, of which I am not, have suggested that it will take about 4 years to get out of junk status with very restricted spending but I feel that with the right captain and an entirely new top 6 dream team, it would take us 4 to 6 months from that first rating assessment of the new team. The only question is how long will it take for the right captain. If South Africa were to be downgraded to junk status by Moody’s on Friday‚ which would be the next grade down from where we are at, we would be in a freefall from day one. Certain spending can’t be put on hold and they always increase in costs. South Africa is facing congestion and structural issues that are only going to get worse, expanding roads, more electricity demands, with existing costs like paying government wages, 17 million people’s grants and tons of other commitments will still need to be funded somehow. Therefore, the prime lending rates will have to rise because government will need more money. Our national debt by in large takes the form of government bonds‚ which is a form of borrowing in foreign currency. The national current debt of South Africa is about R2 trillion, meaning that South Africa pays about $8,067,780,000 in interest per year, (per second $256). To break this down even further, the debt per citizen is $2,690 so our debt as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is about 45 percent. So how important is a successful vote of a motion of no confidence? It’s the only aspect that could change our junk status fate. To the poor, the 17 million people on government grants and most South African’s, it’s life-threateningly critic. NH //ISSUE 12//www.northernhills.co.za

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UNBEATABLE

VALUE Full Membership · Under 35 R585 (Monthly fee) · R435 (Montly fee)

ADVANTAGE S • • • • •

• •

Handicap, SAGA and WPGU Affiliation Card 20% Discount in Bar 10% Discount in Pro Shop (excluding promotions & specials) 35% discount on carts (R205) Two free weekday rounds per month (excluding competition days & public holidays) at a junior fund levy charge of R5 Unlimited 9-hole rounds at a junior fund levy charge of R5 during the week (Summer after 16h00, Winter after 15h30) Any of your children (who are scholars) receive free membership and only pay their Handicap, SAGA and WPGU Affiliation fee 10% Discount on green fees when having a corporate day at BGC Member’s Guest green fee rates (limited to 1 guest invite per month on Saturdays but no restriction on other days) (R235)

R380 (Monthly fee)

Weekday Membership

ADVANTAGE S

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• • • • •

Handicap, SAGA and WPGU Affiliation Card 10% Discount in Bar 10% Discount in Pro Shop (excluding promotions & specials) 20% discount on carts (R255) Can play on Saturday or Sunday at full affiliated visitor rates (subject to space in field. Booking opens on Wednesday before the weekend) One free Sunday afternoon round per month at a junior fund levy charge of R5


10 REASONS GOLF WILL ALWAYS BE THE ULTIMATE BUSINESS TOOL! Anyone reading the mainstream media and their constant efforts to trumpet the demise of golf could be forgiven for thinking that golf as a business tool is passé. Sure, participation is down, but over a million players in South Africa and 25 million players in the USA alone is not exactly small numbers.

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hen when you look at the number of top CEOs, sports stars, movie stars and entrepreneurs who are avid golfers, those numbers are actually pretty impressive. An estimated 90% of Fortune 500 CEOs play golf. And executives who play golf make an average of 17% more than those who don’t. Business golf is not just surviving; it’s thriving! For the sake of your business or career, here are 10 reasons you’d better get in on the action! FaceTime. Where else can you spend four quality hours with your company CEO or valued customers? With today’s busy schedules most of us are lucky if we can get five minutes! There is simply no other sport with the amount of quiet time between shots that allows for wide-ranging conversations and mutual interests to be discovered. Serene Surroundings. You can plan a client meeting in an office surrounded by water, nature, and sand instead of four white walls. This instantly creates a more relaxed and friendly environment in which to do business without the normal distractions. Business Intelligence. You can learn more about a person in four hours golfing than in a lifetime of meetings. Not just by what they say but by how they handle themselves on the course. Do they play by the rules and control their emotions? Or do they fudge and blow a fuse? Friendships Forged. An interest in golf alone can be enough to move your friendships several notches up the corporate ladder. Best of all, the friendships built around golf tend to last a lifetime so as people move around new opportunities will open up for you. Open Doors on the Road. When you travel, golf is a great way to open doors by letting prospects or business contacts know you are in the area and up for a game. I have built

many amazing relationships around the world by looking on LinkedIn for someone in the area I am planning to visit and suggesting a game. Perfect Gifting. When someone is a golfer it’s easy to give a small gift that makes an impact. A golf book or logoed hat or towel from St Andrews can quickly and inexpensively enhance a relationship. Game for Life. It’s a sport that suits all ages, backgrounds, and abilities. Thanks to the handicap system, people of widely different abilities can play So the 60-something CEO can still beat his 30-something prospect or employee, while the 30-something executive can look forward to decades of oncourse meetings and deals. Try doing that on the squash court! Advantage Women. If you are a businesswoman, playing golf is an even greater advantage. Adrienne Wax, co-author of Even Par: How Golf helps Women Gain the Upper Hand In Business, says, “Outside the office, you can communicate differently with your higher-level peers and get to know one another in a way that the office can’t provide. Being able to talk golf in the office gives you a chance to bond with the bigwigs. If you can talk about golf, suddenly you have reasons to talk with the CEO.” Networking. One of the great things about golf is you can just show up at a club and get a game. Depending on your business, you could be looking at three prospects each and every time you tee it up! Golf is the ultimate networking environment for all kinds of professionals and services. The 19th Hole. After your round, the 19th holes provides the perfect setting to take your newly enhanced relationship to the next level or, indeed, to go ahead and ask for the order! NH

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Landscape Turf • • • • • • • • • • • •

Direct Importers 7 Grass Types Latest Shaped Yarns Double Backing Joining Tape DIY Instructions Pet Friendly Residential Homes Balconies Play Areas Pet Areas Custom Installations

sales@synsport.co.za 083 236 1155 36

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UNBEATABLE

Thank you for your interest in having your conference at Bellville Golf Club Conference Centre. We at the conference centre will go to great lengths to make your experience a pleasant one, providing both professional service and excellent food.

VALUE

We are conveniently situated on the beautiful Bellville Golf Course with easy access from both the N1 and N2, 20 mins from Cape Town International Airport. Accommodation in the area is plentiful.

Full Membership · Under 35 R585 (Monthly fee) · R435 (Montly fee)

ADVANTAGE S

• • • • •

• •

Handicap, SAGA and WPGU Affiliation Card 20% Discount in Bar 10% Discount in Pro Shop (excluding promotions & specials) 35% discount on carts (R205) Two free weekday rounds per month (excluding competition days & public holidays) at a junior fund levy charge of R5 Unlimited 9-hole rounds at a junior fund levy charge of R5 during the week (Summer after 16h00, Winter after 15h30) Any of your children (who are scholars) receive free membership and only pay their Handicap, SAGA and WPGU Affiliation fee 10% Discount on green fees when having a corporate day at BGC Member’s Guest green fee rates (limited to 1 guest invite per month on Saturdays but no restriction on other days) (R235)

Centre

R380 (Monthly fee)

Weekday Membership

ADVANTAGE S

PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

• • • • •

Handicap, SAGA and WPGU Affiliation Card 10% Discount in Bar 10% Discount in Pro Shop (excluding promotions & specials) 20% discount on carts (R255) Can play on Saturday or Sunday at full affiliated visitor rates (subject to space in field. Booking opens on Wednesday before the weekend) One free Sunday afternoon round per month at a junior fund levy charge of R5

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JAGUAR F-PACE REVIEW

Car Review by Stefan Kemp

Jaguar has finally joined fellow luxury car makers Porsche, Maserati, BMW and Mercedes-Benz in building an SUV. And the result – the F-Pace.

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aguar is a brand which has gone through periods of varying image. During the 60’s and 70’s it was undeniably cool thanks to the success and desirability of the E Type and mk2. Less so in the 80’s and 90’s when their cars were more often perceived as a bit ‘pipe and slippers’ – with the exception of Edward Woodward aka The Equalizer of course, in his black XJ6! Quality and financial issues didn’t help their cause either. However, the last decade or so has seen Jaguar turn things around in a big way, both with the quality of their products, and the resultant sales. The second generation XK, XF, new XJ, F Type, XE and now the F-Pace – it’s an impressive résumé and Jaguar are undoubtedly back on form, possibly the best they’ve ever been? Is there a better looking SUV than the F-Pace? I don’t think so. Ian Callum has produced another cracking design. It’s hard not to be impressed by the looks, especially considering the F-Pace’s sizable dimensions, yet it still looks distinctively Jaguar. To put the F-PACE into perspective, it is 4731mm long, compared to 4880mm for the BMW X5, 4850mm for the Range Rover Sport and 4855mm for the Porsche Cayenne, so it’s a size down from those cars, more comparable to the BMW X3 at 4657mm and the Porsche Macan at 4697mm. The Jaguar F-Pace is the first Jaguar infused with a few drops of Land Rover DNA. Yes, Jag’s first SUV toes a very different line to its rough and tumble sister company. For example, a part-time four-wheel drive system means its rear-wheel drive in normal situations, only sending up to 50 per cent of the power to the front tyres when they’re scrabbling for grip. The Jaguar F-Pace has 213mm of ground clearance (the same as a Discovery Sport) and a wading depth of 525mm (175mm less than the Disco), so it’ll get you safely to your

PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

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country cottage in a storm, but the focus is very much on being practical, fun to drive and seductive to look at Inside, it’s business as usual if you’re familiar with the XE or XF, with a lot of shared switchgear and a simple, modern design. The infotainment system works well and is much improved over the previous generation with decent smart phone integration. There only negative, I thought are the window switches which in my opinion are placed too high and are awkward to use. Looking good, the interior is also practical, with plenty of interior storage, decent size door pockets, rear USB sockets & power points. The boot is a great size too with lashing points, hidden storage compartments etc. One of the best attributes is the driving position, you sit low and it feels much more like a saloon car rather than a typical lofty 4×4, which makes it feel much more of an involving drive.

It’s spacious too with a decent amount of room front and rear, despite the sporty lines. The F-Pace also shares its platform and some suspension components with its siblings, which is no bad thing and it is reflected in how it drives. On a spirted hoon along a twisty B road with Dynamic mode engaged and the gearbox in Sport mode, it was way more fun than I anticipated. I was genuinely surprised as to how fun and effective it was at making progress. It almost felt like a hot hatch on steroids. In short, Jag have nailed the handling. The steering is well weighted, turn in, balance and grip are all excellent. I fully expect the F-Pace to do for Jaguar what the Cayenne has done for Porsche. If you have a sizable bank balance, overall a great buy! NH

I was genuinely surprised as to how fun and effective it was at making progress.

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10 NUTRITIONAL MYTHS MOST PEOPLE BELIEVE 1. Can acidic food or drinks alter the body’s pH balance?

The human body’s acid-base balance is regulated by several complicated mechanisms, including our kidney and respiratory functions. Food, drinks and certain supplements can affect the acidity and alkalinity of our urine, but that’s where it ends. You can’t change the pH of your gut or prevent certain diseases like cancer by eating more or less acidic food. In fact, the pH of our stomach acid is between 1.5 and 3.5 — and it’s a good thing we can’t make it less acidic because then otherwise we wouldn’t be able to digest our food!

2. Taking diet pills, fat burners, metabolism boosters for weight loss

We know — taking a tablet every day seems far easier than changing our eating habits and fitting in exercise a few times a week. We tend to focus on the results without considering the possible effects these tablets may have on our health. A lot of these products contain ingredients that haven’t been scientifically proven or are a concoction of herbal remedies which again haven’t been studied in that specific combination — at the best you’re probably wasting your money, at the worst you could be harming your health. Some tablets have extremely high levels of caffeine or don’ even contain the ingredients listed at all! Rather consult with a healthcare practioner to properly understand the possible negative side-effects of using diet pills and supplements — never mind the impact of taking these socalled weight loss solutions long term. It might be more difficult in the beginning, but changing your diet and habits will have better and more long-term effects on your health.

3. Lemon juice, vinegar and hot water in the morning helps you lose weight

Although this combination contains hardly any calories and increases your overall water intake, this morning drink has not been shown to aid weight loss. It’s not all bad news though — this combination does contain antioxidants and trace micro-nutrients that can stimulate immune support, digestion enzymes and result in slight improvements in the functioning of our bodies.

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4. Energy bars or protein bars are good for weight loss

Rushing from home to school and work and back again (while somehow getting kids to activities in-between) is hectic! And a lot of us don’t have time to prepare nutritionally balanced meals every day. Quick meal replacement bars or snacks may seem like the solution, but beware! A lot of them are often high in sugar and fats and relying on them to replace meals often is not advised.

5. Carbohydrates after 6pm cause fat storage

This myth is just not true, as our guts secrete enzymes to break down carbohydrates whenever carbohydrate containing foods are consumed — whatever time of the day. For most of us, dinner is the largest meal of the day, and it’s when we eat most of our carbs and calories. This means that these calories are often not ‘burnt’ or used by our bodies before bedtime. Instead of avoiding carbs after 6pm, adjust your meal portions throughout the day and aim to eat fewer calories at dinner time.

6. Healthy food is more expensive

Eating carbohydrates won’t make you fat, but eating too many carbs (or too much fat or protein) will result in weight gain. Rather focus on the type of carbohydrates, as well as the amount you’re eating, if you want to lose weight or maintain a certain weight. Dietitians recommend choosing wholegrain, complex carbohydrates and starch-based vegetables like butternut or sweet potato instead of highly refined processed carbohydrates.

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The claim that these ‘teas’ will help us lose weight, burn calories, boost our metabolisms, suppress our appetites or even increase our energy levels, is unfortunately more often than not, not based on significant scientific research and there is limited evidence to support these claims. Also, some of the ingredients of these teas, are sometimes made of herbal laxatives that may increase the risk of certain gastric complications! Often, people who drink these teas lose weight because they’re eating fewer calories (because they’re drinking more water to fill up their stomachs, creating a sense of ‘fullness’ and reducing overall appetite). If you read the labels, most of these products state that drinking these teas should be combined with a healthy diet and of course exercise to result in weight loss.

9. The human body can’t digest gluten

Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, oats and rye. Gluten-free products are widely available in stores and a lot of people choose to follow gluten-free diets to feel healthier, or are eating gluten-free foods to help with weight loss. Unfortunately, there is a lot of anecdotal evidence available and many people have misguided perceptions of gluten. Don’t be fooled into thinking that you can eat a gluten-free cake guilt free, as the cake probably contains just as many calories as a slice of regular cake. Sometimes gluten-free products often contain higher amounts of sugar and salt to make the products taste better. Patients medically diagnosed and suffering from celiac disease or non-celiac gluten sensitivity as well as people diagnosed with certain medical conditions, like Hashimotos disease, are advised to follow a gluten-free diet and should definitely visit a registered dietitian for advice and nutritional guidance.

Quick meal replacement bars or snacks may seem like the solution, but beware!

When we’re at the shops, it might seem like healthy food and fresh produce may be more expensive when we compare them to conveniently prepared foods, ready-meals or even processed foods. But that price tag doesn’t take into account the negative side effects of eating calorie dense, processed meals too often. The cost of buying healthy food pales in comparison to the much higher medical costs people with things like diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure have to pay! Plus, healthy eating can be cost effective — it just takes some planning. Especially if you choose fresh produce that is sourced locally and in season and buy fresh veggies that aren’t already prepared for cooking.

7. Carbs make you fat

8. Drinking skinny or detox tea

10. Skipping meals may increase your rate of weight loss

Skipping meals will certainly reduce your overall calorie intake (to reduce weight), but it may in the end lead to an increased risk of being overweight. Scientific evidence and several studies published in medical psychology journals, show that skipping meals can make you feel hungrier and could potentially lead you to eating more than you normally would at your next meal! NH

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PREPARE YOUR SKIN FOR WINTER TREATMENTS! Winter months introduce the opportunity to explore an array of deeper, more aggressive treatments and now is the best time to start preparing your skin for deeper treatments, cooler weather is weeks away, and you can start scheduling your treatments now!

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f you are contemplating a more aggressive anti-ageing, pigmentation or sun damage treatment and you haven’t started preparing your skin - it’s not too late.

What Concerns Do Aggressive Treatments Address?

Most aggressive resurfacing treatments are done to improve conditions that affect both the upper (epidermal) and lower (dermal) layers of the skin. These concerns and conditions cannot simply be treated superficially as the chosen treatment must be able to remodel and recondition the deeper dermal layers as well. The most common concerns treated include: Advanced signs of ageing; deep lines and wrinkles; severe sun damage; acne scarring; stretch marks and deep pigmentation.

Why Do I Need To Prepare My Skin For Aggressive Treatments?

1) To ensure that your skin’s barrier is functioning correctly, allowing the skin to remain properly hydrated and reducing sensitivity. 2) To ensure than your skin cell turnover is optimal, facilitating faster healing and recovery. 3) To ensure that the pigment-producing cells in the skin have had a certain amount of suppression, preventing postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). PIH is often seen in patients who have not undergone sufficient skin preparation. 4) To ensure that the treatment you are preparing for works optimally and yields the best possible results.

Which Treatments Are Considered Aggressive Treatments?

1) Pearl Fusion - a combination of Pearl Fractional and Pearl Lasers2) CO2 Fractional Laser3) FraxelDUAL – deeper combination treatments 4) Deep Peels – 3D Peel; 35% TCA Peel; Obagi Blue Peel 5) Deep Skin Needling 6) Jett Plasma – Eyelid rejuvenating treatment

How Do I Prepare?

1) Repair and maintain the skin’s barrier function by using products that are specifically designed for this. 2) Ensure the skin is very well protected by using an excellent broad spectrum facial SPF that offers anti-oxidants, protection against UVA, UVB and IR radiation. This is vital when undergoing any skin treatments, mild or aggressive. 3) Suppress the pigment producing melanocytes so that you do not develop hyperpigmentation or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation after your treatments. Using products that help the skin control the amount of pigment it produces is of vital importance, especially if you have darker skin. 4) Speed up your skin cell turnover to promote healing and keep your skin well hydrated. This improves your skin tone and texture, maintains your treatment results for longer and minimises any possibility of complications. For more information or to book a consultation, please contact Skin Renewal Willowbridge where our qualified staff can assist you with prescribing customized treatments and product recommendations. NH 44

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‌for the unordinary


CHILDHOOD OBESITY IN SOUTH AFRICA According to the most recent national survey, 14.2% of primary school children are already overweight says the Heart and Stroke Foundation South Africa

I

f obesity in South African children continues to increase at the current rate, 3.91 million school children will be overweight or obese by 2025. On world Obesity Day, the Heart and Stroke Foundation South Africa (HSF), together with the World Obesity Federation, calls for decisive action from government, private sector and parents. 11 October, 2016 was World Obesity Day and the theme was Ending Childhood Obesity: Act today for a healthier future. HSF supports the World Obesity Federation (WOF) in the initiative to stimulate and support practical actions to address obesity. The population group that is most vulnerable to this ‘obesogenic’ environment is children. Both children of overweight parents and children subjected to malnutrition during pregnancy or infancy are likely to become obese later in life. Children are brought up in an era of energy dense foods, increasing screen time and sedentary behaviour. The World Health Organisation (WHO) reports the fastest growth of obesity in the African region, where childhood overweight and obesity has more than doubled from 1990 to 2013.

Childhood obesity in SA - our girls at greatest risk According to the most recent national survey, 14.2% of primary school children are already overweight 2. This prevalence is highest at 30% in girls living in urban areas. Being overweight as an infant increases the risk of being overweight as a child, which in turn increases the risk of being overweight as an adolescent and adult. Results from the Birth to Twenty study in Soweto recently showed that girls who were obese

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between the ages of 4 – 6 years, were 42 times more likely to be obese as teenagers compared to their normal-weight peers! 3 Clearly interventions should already be addressed at infants and toddlers. Cultural beliefs and poor knowledge of the consequences of obesity lulls many parents into inaction. Childhood obesity is not prevented, recognized or treated adequately. New figures from the World Obesity Federation estimate that by 2025, 3.91 million South African school children will be overweight or obese. This will result in 123 000 children with impaired glucose tolerance, 68 000 with overt diabetes, 460 000 with high blood pressure, and 637 000 with first stage fatty liver disease 4.

The global action plan

The complexity of the obesity epidemic is often cited to explain the little success in turning the tide and perhaps as an excuse not to make the changes we know are necessary. The 2016 WHO Report on Ending Childhood Obesity clearly outlines a comprehensive action plan. Recommendations include addressing norms, treating children who are already obese, promoting intake of healthy foods and physical activity, improved preconception and pregnancy care, healthier school environments, and curbing the marketing of unhealthy foods.

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The South African Department of Health have incorporated these guidelines in their own Strategy for the prevention and control in South Africa of obesity framework. Childhood obesity is singled out within this strategy as a specific area of focus, “given the large perceived benefit the interventions may yield”.

We can end obesity if we act now

Obesity is not a complex problem, for we have the tools to address it. We can end the childhood obesity epidemic if we act together. The President of the World Obesity Federation, Professor Ian Caterson, calls for decisive action “If governments hope to achieve the WHO target of keeping child obesity at 2010 levels, then the time to act is now.”

Government action

In the National Obesity Strategic Framework, Deputy Minister of Health Dr Joe Phaalhla writes “…It is our responsibility to empower people to make informed decisions and to ensure that they have access to healthy food by raising awareness and increasing the availability of effective initiatives and interventions.” The Government has shown intent by announcing tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, strategies to increase school sport, and draft legislation to restrict the advertising of unhealthy foods to children. Swift and effective implementation of these policies are vital. Professor Caterson from the WOF urges governments to act “Introducing tough regulations to protect children from the marketing of unhealthy food, ensuring schools promote healthy eating and physical activity, strengthening planning and building rules to provide safe neighbourhoods, and monitoring the impact of these policies.”

Private sector and in particular the food industry

There is no singular solution for obesity, and involvement of all sectors is needed. Food industry and especially fast food restaurants - still largely unregulated - needs to become part

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of the solution by producing healthier products and meals that are lower in added sugar, salt and fat, and by partnering with government and civil society to make healthy food choices more affordable. Collective advertising spend on unhealthy foods and meals are staggering, overpowering education efforts by government and NGOs. The HSFSA calls on the food industry to realise the vital role they play in South Africa’s obesity epidemic. It is time to make a choice to either help or hinder- practicing responsible marketing of foods aimed at children is a good place to start.

Parents and caregivers

Professor Pamela Naidoo, CEO of the HSFSA implores primary caregivers “Parents have the single biggest influence over their children’s risk of obesity. Mothers should aim for a normal weight before pregnancy, appropriate weight gain during pregnancy, and exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months. Parents should introduce healthy eating habits from six months onwards and lead by example to create an active lifestyle for the whole family.” Prof. Naidoo concludes “The HSFSA will continue its efforts to advocate for a healthier environment and create public awareness to prevent obesity as a major risk factor for heart diseases and strokes”. The Heart Mark is one such tool used to make it easier for consumers to make the healthier choice when faced with a variety of options at the supermarket. It helps consumers to identify healthier products that contain less added sugar, salt, and unhealthy fats, and more fibre compared to other similar products. Another initiative parents can advocate for within the schools their children attend is the Tuck Shop Programme, run by the HSFSA. The programme is free and offered to schools around the country. The programme aims to help schools offer healthier food options to their learners, enabling children to make healthier food choices. Schools are guided through the process of adapting their existing food offerings in a manner that is cost-effective and practical. For more information, call 08601 HEART. NH

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15 THINGS MEN SAY THAT GET ON WOMEN’S NERVES There is a communications gap between men and women at least as large, and vexing to women, as the pay gap.

W

hen it comes to communication between men and women there’s a lot of misunderstandings. Even if the right words are being used, the vocal cues aren’t. For example, forcing your child to apologize. Sure. They’ll angrily exclaim “I’m sorry,” but it’s definitely not sincere. Guys, even if you’re not trying to make women angry, embarrassed or uncomfortable, there’s a very good possibility that you will because men communicate differently than women. In most cases, I find that no matter the woman (my wife or women that I know) I’m making them uncomfortable without realizing it. However, if you’re aware of this fact, you can start correcting the problem so that there aren’t any misunderstandings. And, you can start by avoiding these words or phrases.

1. “Calm down.”

As most women will inform you, these are probably most condescending and anger-producing words in the English language. Truly, the worst that you can ever say. When a man says these words to a woman, it’s pretty much like adding fuel to the fire. You’re implying she’s not in control of her emotions, which in turn makes

the

her feel self-conscious and even more-enraged. Meanwhile, it shows that you are saying that you, the man, are the wise and rational one. Instead of telling a woman to “calm down,” ask her sincerely what’s going on.

2. “You look really tired today.”

I don’t care who you are, nobody looks their best when they’re tired, and they probably have the grouchy mood to go with their unkempt physical appearance. Pointing out that someone is tired is implying that they look awful. If you don’t know everything that’s going on in her life, ask her. It’s a better approach than making her feel uncomfortable about her physical appearance, and it demonstrates that you’re concerned.

3. “What is it now?”

“This conveys impatience and anger about what is probably her bid for connecting with you,” says John Gottman, Ph.D. “Every attempt she makes to connect with you is an opportunity to turn toward her need and connect emotionally.” Instead of being impatient or angry over her concerns or questions, ask her what’s on her mind.


4. “Wow! You look great. How much weight have you lost? This is a well-meaning comment which you probably meant as a compliment. However, it suggests that the woman was either unattractive or overweight in the past. Never make those implications by comparing a woman to how she looked in the past. Just simply tells her that it’s nice to see her.

5. “You ate that whole thing?”

When a man says these words to a woman, it’s pretty much like adding fuel to the fire.

This is a contender for most embarrassing statements that you can make to a woman, even if you’re just in awe because she weighs 110 pounds and ate more wings than you did. To her, she hears that you think she has a eating problem or should be ashamed in some way because she was hungry. On the flip side, also avoid, “Is that all you’re going to eat?”. You don’t control what and how much a woman should eat. (Or the amount or content of what anyone “should” eat.)

6. “Moist.”

According to a study conducted by an underwear company Knix Wear, “moist” is the most cringeworthy and disliked word to women. “People have a really visceral reaction” to the word, says Paul Thibodeau, PhD, a language psychologist at Oberlin College. “They cringe immediately, so they think it’s the sound of the word that’s triggering it.” However, the real source of people’s discomfort with this word may be because of the associations it has with sex and bodily functions. While women aren’t as

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grossed out when followed after food-related words, such as cake, people also dislike synonyms like “damp,” “wet,” and “sticky.” In short, avoid using this word as much as possible and use alternatives like “humid” or “watery.”

7. “You should smile more often.”

I’m sure that you’ve witnessed men say this to women, even if they’re total strangers. Let’s be honest here, a woman doesn’t owe you a smile whenever she’s in your presence. As Erika Henderson states perfectly, “The sexualization behind telling women to smile is alarming. It makes women feel that we are only meant to be happy and pretty and it’s a passive way to engage into an unwanted conversation.”

8. “That’s not very ladylike.”

Here’s the definition of “ladylike;” “appropriate for or typical of a well-bred, decorous woman or girl.” Do we apply Victorian standards to women these days? I don’t think so. Women don’t have to wear a dress to an interview or when in the workplace. Pantsuits are completely acceptable and professional. So are jeans and sneakers. Telling a woman that she’s not “ladylike” perpetuates sexist notions by playing into certain social

//ISSUE 12//www.northernhills.co.za

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rules and can lower their self-esteem. Don’t make anyone feel ashamed for who they are.

9. “You look great for your age.”

This is another statement that may have good intentions, but it comes across (and is) as condescending and rude. Just simply say that they “Look great.” Easy peasy. Remember, if you’re compliments are genuine, they won’t require a “for you” qualifier.

10. “Actually, that’s not a word” or “Actually, that’s now how that’s done.” Saying this a public setting is patronizing and embarrassing. That’s not to say that we can never joke around with a girlfriend or correct a colleague. There’s just a time and place for that and it’s not when you’re out to dinner with friends or during a meeting.

11. “Listen.”

13. “At least I never ____ .”

This is a phrase that we use to deflect attention from ourselves whenever we made a mistake. Instead of admitting and owning the mistake, we bring up the past -- which is completely irrelevant at this moment. We all make mistakes in our lives that we’re embarrassed about. But holding that over someone else’s head to make you feel less guilty is immature and just plain dirty.

According to 38 percent of Americans, “whatever” is the most annoying word or phrase used in conversations.

Starting your remarks off with “Listen” implies that she wasn’t listening and you’re now ordering her to pay attention to what you have to say, and her only role is to play the listener.

12. “That’s a man’s job, let me do that.”

First off, what exactly is a “man’s job?” Sure, there are jobs that have more men employees, like manual labor or entrepreneurship. But, if it’s acceptable for men to have jobs that were previously considered a “woman’s job,” like teaching or nursing, then the same can be true for women. It should be about talent, passion and experience, not gender. Outside of the workplace, does this mean moving furniture or fixing the toilet? I know lots of men who can’t do either job

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and plenty of women who can. Don’t assume that a woman is incapable of doing something because it’s perceived as a “man’s job.” Whoever can do the job, it’s their job to do.

her.

14. “Why do you always do that?”

No one “always” does anything. Suggesting they do puts them on the defensive because you’re defining them based on one instance. For example, “you always leave dirty dishes in the sink,” is defining her as messy or lazy. Even if that’s happened several times, or all the time, there’s no need to let that frustration build-up. Discuss these issues as they happen instead of making this habit a characterization of

15. “Whatever.”

According to 38 percent of Americans, “whatever” is the most annoying word or phrase used in conversations. Nothing gets me fired-up more than when someone tells me “whatever.” Even if you’re indifferent to a question, it’s important to the other party. If it wasn’t, you wouldn’t have been asked in the first place. Offer your opinion instead of completely dismissing the question. NH

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We spoke to experts to find out what, in their experience, added rand value to a home; which elements were worth investing in, either to recoup the money spent, or add rands and cents when you come to sell

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covered patio feeds into the South African psyche like nothing else. It provides outdoor living through rain and shine, allows you to furnish it as stylishly as you would an indoor space and provides you with another living area. Stackable glass doors manage the weather, and stylish security or wooden shutters add layers of functionality and security. Verandas that connect to living rooms can essentially add hundreds of square metres to a house. Designer, Michele Throssell, considers an extended veranda or patio off the main living area to be a huge plus from a resale perspective. She’s finding that, increasingly, clients are wooed by the addition of a contemporary bar in this area.

COOKING IS THE NEW COOL

When asked which elements of a home buyers are most swayed by, Chris Tyson, CEO of Tyson Properties, says kitchens and bathrooms. “But it’s not always about gutting them. Consider a good refresher, such as a coat of paint, new countertops, modern handles or cupboard doors. People don’t want grotty kitchens or bathrooms – these are the areas that put people off the most.” All our experts agree: a wonderful kitchen can have the wow first-impression factor, but for them it’s more about the flow of the kitchen to other rooms than about the kitchen itself. Michele says her ideal kitchen is a wellplanned, modern working area that’s sleek, contemporary, well-fitted and, ideally, with a tucked-away scullery. Undoubtedly, first-class, built-in appliances in a wellequipped, hi-tech kitchen could easily be a dealmaker for those who love to cook, and then you’d find yourself recouping those expenses. If the kitchen is literally sited in the heart of the home, it’s important it fits in visually with the overall style. A tired kitchen will drag down the adjacent areas. PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

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There’s something about a beautiful bathroom that speaks to women in particular. But to what extent do you need to enhance it? If you’re living there long term, you’ll want a functional, up-todate bathroom. If you’re spending the money, it’s the economical time to look at niceties, such as beautiful big showerheads, underfloor heating and heated towel rails. Will you recoup the expense? The jury’s out on that. Michele feels, “I’d rather buy a house with old bathrooms and renovate them to my taste because it’s such a personal space. I don’t want to pay for someone else’s renovation that wasn’t to my liking.” Chris’s opinion is to rather spruce it up with fresh grouting and paint.

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SAVE YOUR ENERGY

Given the spiralling costs of electricity, energy-saving elements are an attractive prospect for buyers. The concept also touches the green, sustainability buttons to which wiser consumers are increasingly sensitive. Architect Joy Brasler says, “Any newly constructed or altered home today is required to have some form of alternative energy system of water heating and, similarly, heating and cooling control via glazing. I think this is the next ‘frontier’ of the savvy home buyer: solar panels, heat pumps and rain water catchment or, in my opinion, the ultimate being entirely off the grid. These systems and installations are all currently very expensive and can cost upwards of R500 000 to install in a house. It’s very easy to be seduced by the apparent charms of a house, but as power and water costs spiral, these systems will definitely become more standard and prospective homeowners will seek them out.” They’ll also be prepared to pay for them. Deflecting heat and maximising air flow are all part and parcel of reducing our reliance on energy. Michele is a solid fan of shutters and blinds: “They don’t attract mildew and mould, are easy to maintain and keep clean, and are definitely preferable to heavy curtains.” In addition, if they’re contemporary security shutters, their multifaceted role is clearly a drawcard for buyers and a great value-added element to install in a home.

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OFFICE, COTTAGE OR STUDIO?

Building a granny flat is expensive and, according to Chris Tyson, finance unlikely to be recouped shortterm. But, if you have elderly parents to house, work from home or plan to rent it out, it’s a different scenario. In that case you’re either earning or saving money, so it’ll pay for itself and add substantial value to the home when you sell. Chris is certain that extra space is a major plus when selling. “But take care,” he says. “A buyer’s concept of a granny flat often differs substantially from that of a seller. We’re not talking about giving old-style staff quarters a lick of paint and a new carpet. Today, substantially renovated staff quarters are upgraded for staff. A granny flat is a modern, light, charming en suite bedsit or a one- or twobedroomed cottage leading onto a patio or garden. Somewhere you’d be happy for your parents to live, or a bright and light little unit ideal for a single person.” But whether it’s a flatlet or office, globally – and certainly in South Africa – they’re increasingly on home buyers’ wish lists. NH

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“YES’’ AND “NO” ARE TWO ANSWERS YOU NEED TO LEARN AS SOON AS POSSIBLE Time is the raw material of productivity and creativity. Time, not money, is your most valuable asset. Invest your asset.

T

here are 168 hours every week. Let that sink in for a moment. That is a monumental amount of time. Where could it possibly go? Or better still where are you spending all those hours? Ultra-productive people focus on getting a lot done with every minute they have at their disposal. Allocate time to each task you need to get done every day. And don’t get distracted by everything other’s expect you to do. Each task of the day should be attainable, realistic, and time-bound. And most importantly every task should advance your goals for the day, week or month. The time constraint will push you to focus and be more efficient. “Yes” and “No” are a negotiation of another person’s request. Both words a very powerful and have direct impact on your productivity and well-being. Each word has to be used wisely, judiciously, and with grace, with your innerharmony in mind. You always have a choice. “Choice” is a privilege and to harness choice empowers you. You have the freedom to choose and the freedom to change your mind. In terms of productivity, how you deal with this choice dictates whether or not you waste your time and the time of another person or people.

”Saying “No” means you have time to focus on your own creation, tasks and projects, rather than responding and reacting to requests. In the words of Paulo Coelho: “When you say YES to others, make sure you are not saying NO to yourself.” How is how Charles Dickens rejected an invitation from a friend: “‘It is only half an hour’ — ‘It is only an afternoon’ — ‘It is only an evening,’ people say to me over and over again; but they don’t know that it is impossible to command one’s self sometimes to any stipulated and set disposal of five minutes — or that the mere consciousness of an engagement will sometime worry a whole day … Who ever is devoted to an art must be content to deliver himself wholly up to it, and to find his recompense in it. I am grieved if you suspect me of not wanting to see you, but I can’t help it; I must go in my way whether or no.” Learn how to say ’’Yes’’ to situations and people in spite of the absence of guarantees, internal readiness, and changing circumstances. Learn how to say ’’No’’ first of all to yourself: to your weaknesses, your fears, and your selfishness. And only much later, learn how to say ’’No’’ to others. And don’t give too many damns about what people will think when you start saying “No”. Once you learn how to say No, your self-confidence will definitely shoot through the roof faster than you can ever imagine.

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You’ll start to believe in yourself and what you can offer the world, without letting outside influences stop you or sway your decisions. You will pay attention to what’s important and not necessarily urgent. Saying yes is easy: that’s the problem “Say no to everything, so you can say yes to the one thing.” — Richie Norton We say Yes to something because it doesn’t sound like much. Sure, I can have coffee with you! But that coffee also involves getting there and going back, and it involves a few more emails to coordinate day and time. Saying Yes is easy, because you think you can handle it, no problem. But suddenly things begin to pile up. You have to pay up for all the obligations accepted in the past. You begin to realise the huge debt of obligation to all the people you’ve said Yes to, one at a time. And it gets worse with time. Saying Yes is great, except when you never say No, and then everything is overwhelming. A strong Yes is hard. Say a strong Yes to the things that really matter is harder still. Stephen Covey says: “You have to decide what your highest priorities are and have the courage pleasantly, smilingly, and non-apologetically — to say “no” to other things. And the way to do that is by having a bigger yes burning inside.”

Stop saying yes to everything you hate

“It takes heart to say no when our heart and brains and guts and most important, pride are yearning to say yes, Practice.” — Cole Harmonson Life’s too short to say yes to things, activities, events, and tasks you hate. Saying YES is driving many people insane. Stop telling

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yourself you can’t help it. Yes, you can. Stop wasting your time and energy. Especially if you work for yourself. You always have a choice. Choose your work and projects cautiously. Of course, It’s not always easy to know if the activity or task in question is worthy of a yes. If what you are accepting to do won’t improve, enhance or make you a better person, just say NO and focus on projects that are mutually beneficial to you and the other party. Find tasks that energize you and light you up, and say yes to those instead. You will be a happy and better person in the end. You’d find complete focus and do one thing well. Start figuring out what the most important things in your life are, and cut out the rest. Be ruthless. Call or email or meet with them now, and tell them that you really want to help, but your plate is too full. You can’t serve them well, so you need to say No. These are Paul Jarvis’ internalization questions that can help you make the right choice about what you should be focusing you time and energy on, especially if you work for yourself: • Is this something I care about? • Does this conflict with my values, personality, or style? • Is this how I want to spend my day? • Will this light me up and want to keep me going? • Is this something I need in my life right now? Start saying no and create room in your life. Some breathing space. Some time for what’s most important — your important work, the things that you love, the people you love. Saying No is hard, but it means you say Yes to focus and sanity. Use your power of choice to say “Yes” or “No” when you mean it. NH

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ONE BEHAVIOUR SEPARATES THE SUCCESSFUL FROM THE AVERAGE A certain farmer had become old and ready to pass his farm down to one of his two sons. When he brought his sons together to speak about it, he told them: The farm will go to the younger son. The older son was furious! “What are you talking about?!” he fumed. The father sat patiently, thinking. “Okay,” the father said, “I need you to do something for me. We need more stocks. Will you go to Daniel’s farm and see if he has any cows for sale?” The older son shortly returned and reported, “Father, Daniel has 6 cows for sale.” The father graciously thanked the older son for his work. He then turned to the younger son and said, “I need you to do something for me. We need more stocks. Will you go to Daniel’s farm and see if he has any cows for sale?” The younger son did as he was asked. A short while later, he returned and reported, “Father, Daniel has 6 cows for sale. Each cow will cost R2, 000. If we are thinking about buying more than 6 cows, Daniel said he would be willing to reduce the price to R1800 per cow. Daniel also said they are getting special jersey cows next week if we aren’t in a hurry, it may be good to wait. However, if we need the cows urgently, Daniel said he could deliver the cows tomorrow.” The father graciously thanked the younger son for his work. He then turned to the older son and said, “That’s why your younger brother is getting the farm.”

Conversely, those who become successful are anxiously engaged in a good cause. They don’t need to be managed in all things. They don’t just do the job, they do it right and complete. They also influence the direction for how certain ideas and projects go. Most importantly, those who become successful initiate. They reach out to people, ask questions, make recommendations, offer to help, and pitch their ideas. Being successful requires being proactive and not waiting for life to come to you. It means you’re on offense, not defence. You’re active, not passive. In every organization, there are a select few employees who would be difficult to replace. For the most part, most people are like the older son in the story. Most people could be easily replaced. Most people are passive and reactive. They require specific instructions. They need to be governed and managed in all things. Initiation always involves some degree of risk. You’re putting yourself out there and there is a chance you could fail. Conversely, doing only what you’re told entails no risk and carries no responsibility. It’s playing safe.

Successful People Initiate

Conclusion

Most people only do what they are asked, doing only the minimum requirement. They need specific instructions on most things they do.

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Are you an initiator? You absolutely can be. But if not, one thing is for certain: Life isn’t going to wait for you. NH

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5 DO-IT-YOURSELF TASKS THAT HELP SAVE ON VET BILLS If you’re a pet parent, you know there are things only your veterinarian can do for your pet, for example, run diagnostic tests, check organ function, or perform necessary surgery.

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ut, there are other pet care tasks that can be handled at home. A growing number of dog and cat guardians are choosing the do-it-yourself route when it comes to routine care of their pets. This approach is not only easier on your bank account, but it also keeps your pet’s stress level much lower than it would be if you were shuttling him around town to professional appointments.

Five At-Home Do-It-Yourself Pet Care Tips

1. Dental care. Veterinary dental procedures are expensive, especially when tooth extractions are necessary. It’s also unnerving for many pet guardians to know their dog or cat must be anesthetized for the procedure. And the situation inside your pet’s mouth doesn’t improve with age. The older the animal, the more likely it is that he or she will have tooth and gum issues. The best way to help your pet avoid oral disease is to brush his teeth every day or several times a week at a minimum. If you can develop the habit when your pet is a puppy or kitten, it’s typically easier than training an adult dog or cat to accept tooth brushing.

include witch hazel, organic apple cider vinegar mixed with purified water, hydrogen peroxide, green tea infusion, and tea tree oil generously diluted with purified water (for dogs only – never cats). Use cotton balls only to clean the inside of the ear canal. You can use cotton swabs to clean the outer area of the ear, but never inside the canal, as they can damage the eardrums. The best method for cleaning a pet’s ears is to saturate a cotton ball with cleaning solution and swab out the inside of the ear. Use as many cotton balls as necessary until when you swab, there’s no longer any residue on the cotton ball. 3. Nail trims. Regularly trimming your dog’s or cat’s nails has many benefits. Most importantly, it prevents injury to your pet from a nail that catches on something or curls under and digs into her paw. Nail trims also keep human family members safe from pokes and scratches. In addition, when your pet’s nails are short, she’s less likely to damage your floors or furniture. It’s important to desensitize a pet who doesn’t like having his paws touched before you attempt a nail trim. Equally important is to err on the side of caution when deciding how close to clip the nails. You don’t want to create a painful experience for your pet, because he will forever associate the nail clipper with pain.

A growing number of dog and cat guardians are choosing the do-ityourself route.

2. Ear care. Ear problems are much more common in dogs than cats, but even kitty companions need their ears checked regularly and cleaned as needed. Some pets are much more prone to ear infections than others. If your dog has a tendency to have problems with her ears, I recommend checking them daily or every other day at a minimum. Wax or other debris that accumulates in the ear canal is the foundation for infection. A good rule of thumb is to simply clean your pet’s ears when they’re dirty. If there’s lots of wax accumulating every day, they need to be cleaned every day. If the ears don’t produce much wax or collect much crud, you can clean them less often. If you think your pet might already have an ear infection, it’s important to have your veterinarian check him out before you begin a cleaning regimen. Infections often lead to ruptured eardrums, in which case special cleaners and medications will be required. For taking care of canine ears, my favourite cleaning agents 66

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4. Healing baths and rinses. If your dog or cat develops a skin condition, irrigation therapy (rinsing with water) and frequent bathing can promote healing and provide immediate relief for itchy, irritated skin. When bathing your dog or cat, avoid oatmeal shampoos. Oatmeal may be a soothing ingredient, but grain-based shampoos are not a good idea for most dogs and cats. In fact, the only pets that truly benefit from oatmeal shampoos are those with poison oak or poison ivy reactions. Use an all-natural organic pet shampoo specifically formulated for dogs or cats.

Homemade healing rinses:

• Disinfecting Vinegar Rinse. Add one cup vinegar to one gallon water. Pour over your pet (from the neck down).


Massage into skin. Do not rinse off. Towel dry. • Deodorizing Lemon Rinse. Cut one lemon in thin slices and boil in one quart of water for 10 minutes. Cover and let stand for about three hours. • After shampooing, pour solution over your pet (from the neck down) and massage into skin, avoiding the eyes. Do not rinse off. Towel dry. Please note: applying lemon rinse to dark-coated pets can bleach their fur if they spend lots of time in the sun. • Povidone Iodine Rinse (for hotspots and bumpy or infected skin). Add one cup povidone iodine (also called Betadine or one percent iodine solution) to one gallon of water. • Pour over pet from the neck down. Do not rinse off. Towel dry. Please note: this solution is the color of iced tea and will turn white coats to an off-white color. • Herbal Tea Rinse (for generalized itchiness and restlessness). Add five green, chamomile, or Tulsi tea bags to two quarts of very hot water. Steep for about three hours to allow for the release of the maximum amount of polyphenols into the rinse. Remove tea bags and pour rinse over pet from the neck down. Massage into skin. Do not rinse off. 5. Hairball prevention. Long-haired cats, excessively clean short-haired cats, and kitties who like to groom all the other pets in the household are prime candidates for hairballs. Other common causes of trichobezoars (the scientific name for hairballs) are a moisture-deficient diet, or a problem with the GI tract. PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

Do-it-yourself hairball management:

Feed a moisture-rich, balanced, and species-appropriate diet. Add an omega-3 supplement. Sufficient omega-3 fatty acids in your cat’s diet can help improve the condition of his skin and fur, as well as the ability of his digestive system to manage the hair and debris he swallows while grooming himself. Never use petroleum jelly or mineral oil for hairballs. Brush or comb your cat. Set a goal of four to five minutes a day with a long-haired cat and three to four times a week for a kitty with short hair. You should notice a very quick improvement in the hairball situation, and regular grooming will also help improve the condition of your pet’s skin by removing debris and dead cells. Add a fiber source to your cat’s meals. Mix the contents of a capsule of psyllium seed husk powder with a tablespoon of water and stir it into the food, add a pinch of coconut fiber to each meal, or try a teaspoon of 100 percent canned pumpkin or freshly cooked mashed pumpkin. Add a good quality animal-sourced digestive enzyme to your cat’s diet. Put a dab of natural (petroleum free) hairball remedy on your fingertip or the tip of your cat’s nose. Look for an allnatural product made with slippery elm, marshmallow, or papaya. You can also try organic coconut oil. Your kitty will lick the jelly or oil, swallow it, and it will coat the hairball, allowing it to pass more easily through the GI tract. NH

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PREVENT CAT SCRATCHING WITH THE “3 D’S” If your cat is clawing away at your patience and leaving the edges of your furniture in tatters, follow the 3 D’s: Deter, Displace, and Dull.

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ETER scratching with unpleasant tape and sprays. First, you need to make the areas you don’t want your cat to scratch less inviting. The upholstered corners of couches and chairs are a scratching magnet, but you can make them less appealing by applying an herbal spray deterrent like No-Scratch or a double-sided tape like Sticky Paws. Herbal sprays replace the territorial “markers” left behind after scratching with an unpleasant scent to discourage repeat scratching. Sticky Strips reduce scratching another way. Cats’ paws are extremely sensitive to touch, having evolved to detect the slightest vibrations of prey rustling through leaves and brush. This acute sensitivity makes “sticky” surfaces exceptionally annoying, and cats will avoid scratching any place so uninviting. Both options are nearly invisible to the human eye or nose, yet they yield clearly visible results. DISPLACE where your cat scratches. If your feline doesn’t have a special scratching spot to call her own, it’s no wonder she claims the upholstery and wood of your furniture for her instinctive behaviour. If you provide more appealing alternatives - like posts, furniture, or boards - you’ll soon find your cat preferring to scratch elsewhere. If your problem scratching area is around doorframes and the wooden legs

of desks, consider a piece of cat furniture or post made of cedar. If your cat can’t resist the soft sides of your couch or the nap of your best rug, choose a carpeted cat tree or perch. Sisal, the rough and tough marine-grade rope that scratches back, is yet another feline favourite for many clawers. Try a vertical post or tree. No matter what tempting option you provide to replace your own furniture, a pinch or spray of catnip on the new scratching area will further encourage her to seek it out. DULL your cat’s claws to reduce damage. Trimming your cat’s nails as part of her regular grooming routine is one of the most effective ways to blunt the damage scratching can cause. Use a veterinary-quality clipper, gently squeezing each paw to expose the retractable claws. For cats who resist handling, try wrapping her in a soft towel for safe restraint. Another way to dull claws is by sheathing them with Soft Claws Nail Caps which glue on easily, last 4-6 weeks, and won’t interfere with normal claw retraction. These little miracles take the edge off scratching behaviour and help prevent injury to both your furniture and your family. If your nerves and furniture are frayed by nuisance scratching behaviour, remember the 3 D’s to curb the problem. Don’t hesitate to demonstrate to your copycat how to use her new scratching furniture, and reward with plenty of praise and treats when she follows your good example. NH

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WATER SECURITY In the event that you had been sleeping under a rock, blissfully unaware of life around you, South Africa is in the midst of a water crisis.

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n fact, it’s been in a calamity for a long time, being recognised as one of the most water-scarce countries in the world. Yet, it is only when we reach watershed that we appear to wake up and really start doing something about it. But is it too late or are there still ways we can all pull together to make better use of the resource we have? Is it a South African problem or a human condition that ignores what is right in front of us, making it someone else’s issue to resolve? Water restrictions are in place across the country. They are not enough and have come too late. They are also still not taken seriously with many South Africans adopting the attitude that they’ll ‘save’ water at home, by happily splashing under the shower at gym, or even continuing to flout the rules, watering their indigenous gardens and being prepared to pay any fine because they can afford it—and it’s borehole water anyway. Aside from this

alarmingly high sector of society who believe they march to a different beat, industry is one of the biggest culprits of failing to provision for water shortages and, for the most part, continuing with business as usual. Wake up, people—what if there is no water…at all? The past months have seen the country nervously watch dam levels as they shrink daily. Gauteng experienced a near miss in the last months of 2016, with the Vaal system only being saved from collapse by last-minute water transfers. The Western Cape is now also watching it’s lifeblood—the Theewaterskloof Dam—as it depletes day by day, with less than 100 days of water left for all its citizens, pets, livestock, agriculture and industry. “This is a tangible lesson of a long known truth: our ability to sustain our societies and economies relies on the availability of water. Yet, our historical response has never matched the severity of running dry. There are a number

Water restrictions are in place across the country.

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most part, however, South African companies are generally of reasons for this, not least that water in South Africa has not applying sufficient resources to understanding the risks been too cheap. It seems that because we’ve been spoilt, we associated with this reality. In this context, business leaders— have an innate assumption that water will be on demand at a through regulatory, investor, and consumer channels—are given quality, quantity, and price. This assumption simply no being called on to develop informed and engaged response longer holds,” states Lise Pretorius, Sustainability Consultant strategies to the risks that they both impact on and are at consulting firm GCX Exchange. impacted by. In 2016, The World Economic Forum (WEF) identified Roy Henderson, CEO of Green Cell Technologies agrees the Global Water Crisis as a top risk facing humanity for the it currently takes significant amounts of water to produce next decade. Now, in 2017, there is a stark realisation that in human and animal sustenance, and although he and business order to meet our human needs—let alone economic growth partner Jan Vlok, did not set out to specifically invent a aspirations—we need a lot more water than is available. way to save water in the food manufacturing industry, their Furthermore, shortages and compromised quality of water patented technology is doing just that. The Disruptor™ will exacerbate all other major risks, such as unemployment, and the Dynamic Cellular Disruption® (DCD) process are food security, poverty, inequality and energy shortages. These revolutionising the way in which food stuffs and beverages risks can, therefore, aggravate each other’s effects, making are made. Processing the whole plant (skin, seeds, pips, stalks their consequences difficult to predict and navigate. and all), and releasing up to 99.99998% of the available Pretorius elaborates on South Africa’s added challenges: nutrients, DCD does away with waste to landfill and has a “Climate change will make the country drier. Add to this the host of other benefits too. One of these is the reduction crumbling state of infrastructure, a lack of financial resources, of reliance on water to process the material, requiring little deteriorating water quality, skills shortages and lack of political to none (dependent on the source material), save for in the will to authentically address these issues, and it becomes clear preparation phase where washing is required, but that it is up to a business to future proof themselves.” even this is reduced as DCD also inhibits micro. Pretorius and her colleagues at GCX Exchange The actual amount of processing equipment (GCX) raise a very important point, in that In 2016, The and machinery is also lessened, so there is understanding water as a business risk could World Economic a corresponding decrease in the amount be the solution to convincing corporates Forum (WEF) identified of water required to clean equipment. and industry to kerb their often excessive water usage. “It is about more than the Global Water Crisis Henderson comments that it has taken the world reaching the brink of disaster and planning for expensive water bills. Water as a top risk facing staring into the abyss to start appreciating is embedded in everything we produce and humanity. the urgent need to modernise attitudes and consume—from the simple fruit we eat to processes, yet the company still meets with the clothes we wear and the technology we use. resistance to change from large manufacturers, as Every product, company, and industry, therefore, it’s easier for the incumbent old guard to stick with what has a water footprint, which can be understood either as its they know. However, they may soon not have a choice, as impact on this resource or as its vulnerability to shocks in the ‘expense’ of manufacturing using traditional methods is supply, quality, or price.” starting to dictate alternatives. With our coastline, South Africa should be taking GCX and Green Cell Technologies are both of the opinion desalination a little more seriously. Not only to power that business and industry need to see water saving as a bottom electricity but also for drinking water. line item. Utilising water more effectively and planning upfront for how it is deployed, and adjusting how they operate can Putting it into context, Pretorius says the Water Footprint increase profit margins in the short and long term. Network has calculated the volume of water it takes over a There are a number of tools or strategies that companies can product’s entire lifecycle, to produce simple, everyday items. use to start this process, but almost all will start with getting On average: accurate data. Companies should be able to answer questions One apple costs 125 litres of water such as how and where they use water, what the external A pair of jeans costs 11 litres of water physical or institutional risks are in the areas they do business, A 250ml glass of beer (from barley) costs 74 litres of water and where changes in water quality, availability, or price would A kilogramme of beef costs 15415 litres most materially affect the business. Through initiatives like A kilogramme of chocolate costs 17196 litres CDP Water, through which companies disclose and reduce GCX says these figures suggest it is the quality, availability their water-related risks, investors are starting to factor this sort and price of water that can shift entire industries, affect their of information into their investment decision-making. global competitiveness and disrupt supply chains. For the PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

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Tackling the crisis from the other end, Hendrik Kuhn, Managing Director at Enviro Conscious Technologies© is working to manage wastewater and sanitation infrastructure, as it is not only how we use our fresh and potable water that matters, but also what happens to it after it has been exploited. Until now, installing wastewater management and sanitation infrastructure required massive scale and huge investment. However, strides in technology have facilitated a wave of custom built, fully scalable wastewater and sanitation solutions that are cost effective, quick to implement and most importantly, require no pre-existing wastewater infrastructure. Examples of where these systems can have a huge effect include rural schools, communities and even domestic households, but especially businesses with a direct saving on both Capex and Opex budgets. Construction of traditional sewer infrastructure at a base rate of R3-million per km and escalating connection fees for example, is negated when installing a decentralised wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). There is also a 50% saving on fresh water usage by reusing the treated wastewater for flushing toilets and irrigation et cetera, which, again, translates back into greater margins. These types of systems also allow for rapid scaling and continued development across the board where existing Municipal infrastructure cannot support future growth of hotels, housing developments, schools, shopping centres, hospitals and office buildings, for example. The same can be said for mines, whose toxic waste is well-documented for poisoning our precious ground water systems. Add to that the benefits of water conservation through the biological recycling of wastewater and independence of existing municipal infrastructures, it’s difficult to understand why we are still considering outdated methods when planning for construction. There are also other less costly and even more practical and immediate solutions at hand, like waterless bathing products. DryBath, developed in 2012 by 22-year-old South African college student Ludwick Marishane, is a waterless shower gel rubbed onto the skin. In addition to its water saving properties, DryBath kills bacteria, cutting down on germs and the disease rate caused by poor hygiene in rural areas. It also moisturises the skin, leaves a fresh scent and is extremely affordable, although not as widely available as it could be. Other cost-effective measures include installing rainwater tanks, which is now mandatory for all new builds in places like Kenton-on-Sea, although, of course, this depends on there being rain in the first place. But, in the absence of rain, other possible answers to better use water include desalination. This is not an immediate fix but one that must be considered. A study in 2006 by the United Nation’s International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) showed that 2.3 billion people on the planet lived in water-stressed areas, 1.7 billion

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of them having access to less than 1000 m3 of potable water per year. With an ever-increasing population, these figures will worsen. While water (if we have it) can be stored, electricity at utility scale cannot. According to an article on the World Nuclear Association’s website, World Energy Outlook 2016 reported that in 2015, there were about 19 000 desalination plants worldwide, with an available production capacity of about 15 billion cubic metres per year to provide water to both municipal and industrial users. Almost half of global installed desalination capacity was in the Middle East, followed by the European Union with 13%, the USA with 9% and North Africa with 8%. Southern Africa did not feature. Globally, seawater is the most common feed water type, supplying about 60% of installed capacity, followed by brackish water at over 20%. With our coastline, South Africa should be taking desalination a little more seriously. Not only to power electricity but also for drinking water, such as happens in the Mossel Bay project, SA’s largest seawater desalination plant. Built in record time because of the severe drought conditions experienced in the Southern Cape, the plant has an output of 10 megalitres of potable water per day for domestic and other uses and diverts 5 megalitres to PetroSA’s refinery. While a shining example, it was, nevertheless, a reactive measure. One of the reasons why desalination has not been given too much serious thought is the debate around the cost of running costs of operating the plants (either fixed or mobile), such as the expense attached to reverse osmosis. But now, faced with the very real prospect of not having any useable water at all, this cost is academic. However, before the water runs off into to the sea where it will need to be converted again, how about building more dams or raising the walls of existing ones? How about not cutting down our trees “because they take up too much water”, when that water is flowing out to sea because there is nowhere else for it to go and we need trees in the first place, to help generate the life-saving rain (as it doesn’t make itself). Our forests and rivers are an integral and vital part of this planet’s entire sustenance system. If we fail to look after any one aspect of this life-dependent covenant, it will no longer be able to look after us. Right now, though, there are more questions than answers to the water crisis. Water is a great leveller—it doesn’t matter how rich or poor we are, without it, we won’t exist. While changing consumption habits of all products—from clothes to our food, our transport habits and how we clean ourselves may help but, in the end, though, it comes down to our attitudes—how seriously do we want there to be a tomorrow? NH


SCIENCE EXPLAINS, WHY DO SHOELACES COME UNTIED Scientists have unravelled a knotty problem: the forces behind the accidental untying of shoelaces.

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or the first time, researchers documented the mechanics of shoelace knots in motion, to understand what makes them loosen and ultimately fall apart. They discovered that walking and running produce unexpectedly powerful forces — stronger than the most powerful roller coaster — that act upon both the shoelaces’ knot and the bows and loose ends. First, the knot begins to loosen. Once that happens, the action of the flapping ends escalates the unravelling until the knot unravels, which happens very suddenly, the scientists wrote in a new study.

Knots in motion

O’Reilly and his colleagues borrowed a high-speed camera and filmed the shoe-clad feet of coauthor and avid runner Christine Gregg, a researcher and doctoral candidate at UC Berkeley, as she ran on a treadmill. “Nothing happened for a really long time, and then, all of a sudden, everything happened — the shoelace unravelled really quickly. This unravelling and how fast it happened really surprised us, and we set about trying to find out how it happened,” he explained To see how running deformed the knot, they used an accelerometer — a device that measures motion — and discovered that the gravitational force, or g-force, acting on the shoelace knot was surprisingly high: up to 7 G, O’Reilly said. To put that into perspective, the most powerful roller coaster in the world — the Tower of Terror in Johannesburg, South Africa — produces a g-force of 6.3 G, O’Reilly said. “And your shoelaces are subjected to this force with every running step,” he said. As running action repeats, the knot begins to deform and loosen. At the same time, the bows and ends of the lace are flapping back and forth, and they begin to slip through the knot, much as they do when you deliberately untie a bow. “The flapping motions back and forth actually increase inertial forces on the free ends,” O’Reilly said. “That exacerbates the imbalance. Then they pull through, and then the shoelace has failed.” PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

Strong versus weak

Next, the scientists repeatedly tested two of the most commonly used shoelace knots — both are variations of the double slipknot, but one has proven to be more robust than the other — using dress shoelaces and a pendulum that mimicked the action of a human stride. For 15 minutes at a stretch, the pendulum rocked weighted laces back and forth, with the rocking motion simulating a leg’s swing and the weights simulating the impact of a foot hitting the ground. They found that within the 15-minute periods, all of the weak knots failed. Some of the strong knots failed as well, and more of them came undone when more weight was added to the laces. So, while some types of knots may hold longer than others, the forces that are at work eventually cause an “avalanche effect” that will likely tease out even the most tenacious knot, Gregg said in a statement. These findings resolve a mystery that may date back to when the first primitive shoe was laced up, thousands of years ago. Though it is not known exactly when people first discovered that they could secure shoes with strips of leather or with string crafted from plant material or other fibers, one of the earliest known examples of a type of shoelace is about 5,300 years old, and was part of the shoes found with the remains of the mummified man known as Ötzi. Questions remain about why some shoelace knots are more secure than others, and future studies could explore the mechanics of weak versus strong knots to better unravel what makes some fail more quickly than others But until science figures that out, everyone will just have to keep re-tying their shoelaces when the knots fall apart — except, of course, 89 lucky people who, in October 2016, managed to snag a pair of Nike’s self-lacing shoes, which were based on the sneakers worn by actor Michael J. Fox in 1989, as Marty McFly in “Back to the Future Part II.” NH //ISSUE 12//www.northernhills.co.za

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- Northern Hills


Decorex Cape Town 27 – 30 April 2017 ( CTICC )

food, organic soaps and gifts are but a few of the treasures they have to offer. Taste buds can be tantalized with some of the Swartland’s finest food and wine. A choice of live music, kids’ entertainment, tractor rides, colourful local culture and family fun will enhance the belief that this is no ordinary festival, this is pure Riebeek magic at its best. R80 gets you a welcoming glass of wine and access to our superb olive venues, farms, wineries and wherever there’s a buzz. Ticket available at www.riebeekvalleyolivefestival.co.za General Enquiries: Yvette Puchert 083 441 2083 • admin@riebeekvalleyolivefestival.co.za

The Cape’s leading décor, design and lifestyle exhibition once again promises to be the destination of choice for those intent on turning house into home. Decorex Cape Town 2017 – a comprehensive showcase of the latest décor and design trends, products and services. TICKET PRICES Adults: R95 | Pensioners: R85 | Children under 12: R20

Riebeek Valley Olive Festival 6-7 May 2017

The ever-popular annual Riebeek Valley Olive Festival takes place on 6 and 7 May in celebration of a successful olive harvest. This is when the towns of Riebeek Kasteel and Riebeek West open their doors and hearts to visitors by showcasing their finest produce: olives, wine, craft beer, PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

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021 434 7597 | info@coastandkoi.com

www.coastandkoi.com

Buy a New, Pre-owned or Demo vehicle from us in April, May or June and stand a chance of winning R30 000 Cash in the month of your purchase. T’ and C’s apply. For more information

021 596 3200

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The Franschhoek Literary Festival 19 - 21 May 2017 (10:00-17:00)

The Festival runs from Friday to Sunday during the third weekend in May, preceded by the Book Week for Young Readers. The events take place in village venues within a few minutes’ walk of each other, which creates a vibrant ambience in streets buzzing with book-loversThe emphasis is on informal discussions and spirited debates between several writers with a chairperson, or one-on-one conversations, and occasional talks. Starting at 10am and ending at 5pm, up to nine one-hour events run concurrently with half an hour between each (except where otherwise stated). Fringe events include literary and publishers’ dinners, book launches, writing workshops, a school spelling bee, and classical music concerts. The FLF is honoured to host the shortlist announcements of the annual Sunday Times Literary Awards - the non-fiction Alan Paton Award and the newly named Barry Ronge Fiction Prize.

Wacky Wine Weekend 1 - 4 June 2017

What does my weekend passport include? Access to all participating wineries from Thursday to Sunday, complimentary wine glass, 6 wine tasting coupons per winery’s, a wristband as well as a bottle of Healthy Mineral Water. What can I expect at the Wacky Wine Weekend? Fun-filled activities, food-and wine-tourism offerings, outdoor adventures, live music, fine dining and a myriad of entertainment for the kids. What are the logistics of the festival? The festival does not take place at a centralised venue. Festival goers drive from venue to venue (or make use of a shuttle or cab service). This offers each festival goer the opportunity to experience the unique, authentic character and country charm that the Robertson Wine Valley has to offer first-hand. PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1

The Good Food and Wine Show 2-4 June 2017 at the CTICC

The Good Food & Wine Show (GF&WS) is the longstanding most prominent event in South Africa. Our main objective is to provide sponsors, exhibitors, and partners with a valuable and unique marketing platform, allowing them to communicate directly to their target audience by showcasing their products. Last year we delivered over 60 000 visitors to our clients over the three shows. A high standard of content is the primary focus of our new investments, as it is the best way to offer sponsors, exhibitors, and visitors the greatest value. We also introduced a new direction by dividing the show into nine areas – Market, Street Food, Gourmet, Baking, Kids, Wellness, Lifestyle, Wine and Beer & Alcohol. In addition to the nine exhibition areas and themes, there is a cross cutting theme throughout the entire show. For 2017 we chose Food Waste as it is one of the major challenges for sustainability and social growth.

Justin Bieber Purpose World Tour Cape Town Wednesday 17 May 2017 17H00 Cape Town Stadium

With worldwide album sales in excess of 100 million units, Justin Bieber dominates pop culture and social media. With 3.1 million sales worldwide for his latest album `Purpose` Justin Bieber`s current global tour has smashed box office records. Hit singles include `What Do you Mean`, `Sorry`, `Love Yourself` which all peaked at number one on the Billboard Top 200 making Bieber the first male artist in almost a decade to have three number ones from an album. “and NOW, Justin Bieber brings his Purpose World Tour to South Africa with two stadium shows”” Big Concerts Terms and Conditions apply. For more information visit http://www.bigconcerts.co.za/

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Discount Voucher

15%

DESIGNER INDOOR & OUTDOOR LIGHTING SOLUTIONS www.aroralights.co.za

BELLVILLE MONTAGUE GARDENS PROUDLY SPONSORED BY MHI AND REALTY 1 NORTHGATE ESTATE

021 949 2520 021 551 5556 021 511 0170

12 La Belle Park, La Belle Rd, Stikland John Montague Centre //ISSUE 12//www.northernhills.co.za Unit 1, Gold Street, Ysterplaat

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‌for the unordinary

Northern Hills Magazine 2017 Issue 12  

Northern Hills is a quarterly magazine, delivered to upmarket areas of the Northern Suburbs, Kanonberg Estate the rest include Welgedacht Es...

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