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{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

Iq´n¬ apl-Ω-Zen

Ckvem-anIv ]ªn-jnwKv lukv tImgn-t°mSv


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

"KoXm-⁄en' t]mse Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS Hc-\p-Km-Xm-h√ Rm≥. F∂m¬ B {]ÿm\-sØ-°p-dn®v kmam\yw \∂m-b-dn-bpw F∂mWv hnizm-kw. AXp-sIm≠mhmw, Pam-A-sØ Ckvem-an-bp-ambn kq£va-amb Hcp am\-knI _‘ap-s≠-\n-°v. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-s°-Xnsc `c-W-IqSw \ntcm-[-\-ap-b¿Øn-b-t∏mƒ, c≠v kµ¿`-ß-fnepw Rm\-Xn-s\-Xnsc {]XnI-cn-®Xpw \ntcm[w \o°n-b-t∏mƒ kt¥m-j-tØmsS {]kvXm-h-\-bn-d°n-b-Xpw. IqSp-X¬ ]Tn-°m≥ {ian-®-t∏mƒ aXn∏pw aa-Xbpw IqSn-bn-t´bp-≈q. Xpd-∂-a-\-t msS Imcy-߃ I≠-dn™v hne-bn-cp-Øm-\p≈ a\ pw Ignhpw \ap°v ssItamiw h∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. CXp-≠m-°p∂ hn]-Øp-Iƒ, Zp¿hn-\-Iƒ Zp -l-am-Wn-∂v. CXp-h-gn-bp-≠m-Ip∂ kmaqly \jvS-߃ A]-cn-lm-cy-ß-fp-am-Wv. Adn-bm≥ {ian-°p-I, Adn-™-Xn-\ptijw AwKo-I-cn-°p-Itbm Ah-K-Wn-°p-Itbm sNøp-I˛ AXmWv am\yam-b-k-ao-]-\w, am\p-jn-Ihpw AXm-Wv˛ \Ωp-tSXv A\y-am-bn-°q-Sm. ap≥[m-c-W-I-sfm-∂p-an-√m-Ø, em`-tN-X-ß-sfm∂pw kzm[o-\n-°m-\nS-bn-√m-Ø, sXfn™ a\-t m-sS-bmWv Rm≥ Pam-AsØ Ckvem-ansb Adn-bm≥ {ian-®-Xv. Fs‚ [mc-W-Iƒ ChnsS hmb-\-°m-cp-ambn ]¶psh-°p-∂Xv Akw-K-X-am-Im≥ km[y-X-bn-√. Pam-AsØ Ckveman kXy-th-Z-hn-izm-k-Øns‚ hf-°q-dp≈ aÆnemWv thtcm´n \n¬°p-∂-Xv. Jp¿-B≥ hnfn-®-dn-bn-°p∂ kXy-Zo-\ns‚ kwÿm-]-\-amWv AXns‚ hn`m-hn-X-e-£yw. aXhpw ssZhhpw Ign™ \q‰m-≠ns‚ a\w aSp-∏n® ]Z-ß-fm-sW¶nepw ]pXnb \q‰m-≠n¬ Ahbv°v {]nb-ta-dn-h-cp-∂p. At∏mƒ AXo-XIm-esØ ]ng-hp-Ifpw Zpc-\p-`-h-ß-fp-am-h¿Øn-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ ip≤-amb a\ pw kXy-amb ssZhhpw ]pXnb Ime-Øn-s‚bpw temI-Øn-s‚bpw ap∂n¬ {]Xyp-≤-cn-°-s∏-S-Ww. D¬J-\\w Akm-[y-am-°n-Øo¿°p-amdv Bg-°-b-ß-fp≈ \nKq-V-X-Iƒ AS-bn´v InS-°p∂ Poh-{]-]-©-sØ-°pdn®v sF{µnb hym]m-c-P-\y-amb imkv{X-߃°pw Ah hnc¬Nq-≠p∂ tIhew _mly-amb hnIm-c{- ]-]© - Ø - n¬ DWv¿∂p-hf - ¿∂v Ahsb sXm´pcp-Ωn-°-gn-bp∂ Iem-˛-km-ln-Xy-˛-ku-µ-tcym-]m-[n-Iƒ°pw kq£va-am-sbm∂p-a-dn-bn√ F∂-XmWv kXyw. C{µn-b-P-\y-amb hnNmc {]]-©-Ønse


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w k¿hm-[n-Im-cn-bmWv imkv{X-⁄≥. hnImc km{am-Py-Øns‚ sNt¶m¬ Iem-Im-cs‚ ssIbn-ep-am-Wp-≈X - v. At∏mƒ \nKq-VX - I - f - n-eq-∂p-\n-ev°p∂ kq£vahpw ka-{K-hp-amb Pohn-X-sØ-°p-dn-®-dn-bm≥ AXo-{µn-b-amb am¿KsØ B{i-bn-°p-I-bm-W-`n-Im-ayw. {]hm-N-I-am¿K-a-XmWv; sXfn-hp‰ B am¿Kw hnc¬ Nq≠p-∂Xv k¿hi-‡-\mb ssZh-k-∂n-[n-bn-te-°pw. ssZh \ntbmKw sIm≠v {]]-©sØbpw Pohn-X-sØbpw kw_-‘n®v AKm-[-am-b-dn-™, B kq£va⁄m\w a\p-jy\v ap∂n¬ Xpd-∂p-Im-´n, Ah-\nse ssZh-Z-Ø-amb hntij-_p-≤n-sb-bp-W¿Øn, `mh-tIm-i-ßsf hnI-kz-c-am°n kXy-Øn-te°v \bn-°p-I-bmWv {]hm-N-I-Zu-Xyw. Ckvem-ans‚ [¿ahpw {]Ir-X-hp-a-Xm-sW-¶n¬, AXn-eq∂n AXns‚ {]Nm-cWw \n¿h-ln-°m\pw {]tbm-K-h¬°-cWw km[n-°m\pw {]Xn⁄m-_-≤-amb Pam-AsØ Ckveman F∂ {]ÿm-\-Øn\v aX-˛-cm-jv{Sob-ß-fpsS ]cn-th-j-a-Wn-bn-°p-∂Xv A\p-Nn-X-am-Wv. GI-ssZ-h-Ønepw a\p-jy-km-tlm-Z-cy-Ønepw \nc-¶p-i-hn-izmkw kq£n-°p∂ kXy-thZ kwkvIr-Xn-bpsS temI ho£Ww AYhm hn`m-hn-X-e£yw ssZh-Øns‚ temIw ]p\x-kr-jvSn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Hcp tπt‰m-WnIv k¶-ev]-ambn Cu \htemIw hnti-jn-∏n-°s - ∏-t´-°m-sa-¶nepw AXmWv a\p-jy\v hn`mh sNømhp∂ BZ¿i-am{X {]`m-kn-X-amb Htc-sbmcp \temIw AYhm ssZhcm-Pyw. a‰v aX Z¿i-\-ß-fn¬\n∂v Xo¿Øpw hyXy-kvX-amb Cu Pohn-X-thZm-¥-Øns‚ abq-J-am-e-Iƒ BZy-Ime apkvenw Pohn-X-Øn¬ A`n-Z¿in°m≥ Ncn-{X-Øn\v Ign-™n-´p-s≠-¶nepw a\p-jy-Iq-e-Øn-t\‰ alm-im]w t]mse B aXm-Xo-X-aXw C∂v ]e aX-ß-fn-sem-∂p-am-{X-ambn hnh¿Wambn h¿Øn-°p∂p F∂-XmWv kXyw. F∂m¬ kXy-th-Z-Øns‚ k¿hmXn-im-bn-Øs - ∂-°p-dn®v {KŸ-Im-c≥ {io. Iq´n¬ apl-ΩZ- en "apkvenw PohnX-Øns‚ D]-cn-X-e-Øn¬\n∂v Cu khn-ti-jX a\- n-em-hn-√, F∂m¬ Bg-ß-fn-te-°n-d-ßn-s®-∂m¬ Xo¿®-bmbpw a\- n-em-Ipw˛ C∂sØ apkvenw Pohn-XØ - n¬ F∂p t]mepw a\- n-emIpw' F∂v ChnsS {]kvXmhn-®n-´p-≠v. {KŸ-Im-cs‚ AXn-`m-hp-I-XzsØ AwKo-I-cn-®m¬t]mepw hkvXp-Xm-]-c-ambn AXv icn-b-s√∂v kuay-ambn kqNn-∏n-°-s´. thZ-{KŸ-Øns‚ lrZ-b-`m-h-apƒs°m-≈m≥ C∂p-t]mepw apkvenw kmam-\yØn\v km[n-®n-´pt≠m? JpXp-_bpw hbZpw aX-`m-j-W-ßfpw ]Xn-hmbn tIƒ°m≥ Ah-k-c-ap-≠m-bn´pw kmam-\y-P-\-Øns‚ ssIbn-en∂pw aZvdk-bnse HmØp ]mT-ß-f-h-ti-jn-∏n® Jp¿-B-\n-Im-i-b-ß-fn¬ Ihn™v Imcy-am-sbm-∂p-an√ F∂-Xt√ kXyw? tXmSv s]m´n-°m-sX, tI´v hngpßn ad- ° pI F∂ tIh- e - s amcp NS- ß mbn Ah- b - ß s\ \n w- K - a mbn Bh¿Øn-°-s∏-Sp∂p F∂Xt√ kXyw? Xulo-Zp-W¿Øp∂ alnX kwkvIm-chpw \ncp-]m-[n-I-amb a\p-jy-km-tlm-Z-cyhpw C…mw kwkvIr-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w Xn-bpsS Kncn inJ-c-ß-fm-sW∂p IcpXn apt∂-dp∂ "amXr-Im-k-apZmb'ambn Ckvemw hnizm-kn-Iƒ cq]-s∏-´p-I-gn™p F∂v C∂sØ apkvenw Pohn-X-Øn¬\n∂v Is≠-Øm≥ Ign-bptam? temI-sØ-hn-sS-sb¶nepw Aß-s\-sbmcp P\-]-Z-ap-s≠-¶n¬ AhnSw {]Im-i-Øns‚ A\p{K-lo-Xo-c-ambn temI-{i-≤bv°v hnt[-b-am-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂nt√? Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS {iaw h¿≤n-X-ho-cy-tØmsS iX-Kp-Wo-`-hn®p ImWWw F∂ taml-am-Wn-hn-sS. Ckvemw C∂v hym]-I-ambn N¿® sNø-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v. Fs∂mcp tXm∂¬ F∂n-ep-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. henb {]Xo-£-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWv ]e]e Ckvem-anI ktΩ-f-\-ß-fnepw skan-\m-dp-I-fnepw Rm\p-g-dn-sb-Øm-dp-≈Xv. XncnsI t]mcp-tºmƒ a\ v \ndsb ZpxJhpw \ncm-i-bp-am-bn-cn-°pw. Ign-hp-≈-h¿t]mepw Ckvem-ans‚ ASn-ÿm\ Z¿i-\-ß-sf-°p-dn®v hniI-e\w sNøp-∂Xpw hnen-bn-cp-Øp-∂-Xpw- tIƒ°m-dn√. BNm-c-ßfpw NSßp-Ifpw h¿Wn-°m\pw IY-Iƒ ]d™p ckn-∏n-°m-\p-a-√msX ASn-ÿm\m-i-b-ßsf A]-{K-Yn-°m≥ ]ecpw apXn¿∂p ImWp-∂n-√. kXy-th-Z-Øns‚ k¿hm-Xn-im-bn-bmb ktµ-i-amWv "XuloZv'. "Imhyw IWs° \obm-tem-N-\m-arXw' F∂v Hcp Ihn ]mSn-b-Xp-t]mse "Ak-Zr-ihpw Ahm-Nyhpw Ahym-tJy-bhpw A\¥ km[y-X-I-fpsS Ah¿Wy kuµcy kt¶-X-hpw˛ F√mw F√m-am-W-Xv. Xulo-Zns‚ ]oen hnS-cp-tºmƒ k¿th-iz-cs‚ {]`m-h-a-hnsS {]Im-in-X-am-Ipw, {]]© clky-ß-fpsS s]m∂-d-b-hnsS ]Xps° Xpd-°-s∏-Spw, hniz-am-\-h-Ip-Spw-_Øns‚ Zf-]p-S-߃ hnS¿Ø-s∏-Spw, a\pjy kmtlm-Z-cy-Øns‚ ssXaWn-°m-‰p-d-s™-Øpw, s\m¥p ]pf-bp∂ a\p-jy-a-\- p-I-fpsS Nnc-¥\ kz]v\-ß-fpsS hn`m-X-Im¥n Bbn-c-Øn-cn-I-fp-W¿Øpw! ssZh-Øns‚ GI-Xz-sØ-°p-dn®v am\p-jy-I-Øns‚ AJ-WvU-X-sb-°p-dn®v a\p-jys‚ ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-amb al-Xz-sØ-°p-dn®v kv{XoI-fpsS kap-∂-X-amb kmaqly ]Z-hn-sb-°p-dn®v ASn-a-Xz-Øn¬\n-∂p≈ tamN-\-sØ-°p-dn®v A[z-\-Øns‚ al-Xz-sØ-°p-dn®v a\p-jy-h¿K-Øns‚ sshIm-cn-tIm¬{K-Y-\-sØ-°p-dn®v ]q¿h-{]-hm-N-I≥am-cp-sSbpw thZ-ß-fp-sSbpw AwKo-Im-c-sØ-°p-dn®v ssZhhpw a\p-jycpw XΩn¬ ]ptcm-ln-X-cn-eq-sS-b-√mØ {]Xy-£amb kº¿°-sØ-°p-dn®v sFlnI-Po-hn-X-Øn\v ]mc-{Xn-I-Po-hn-X-Øn\v ]mc-{Xn-I-Po-hn-X-tØmSp≈ kw_-‘-sØ-°p-dn®v IpSpw_w kaqlw F∂n-hsb kw_-‘n-®p≈ sXfn™ ImgvN-∏mSn-s\-°p-dn®v Bfl-kw-b-a-\-Øns‚ Bh-iy-I-X-sb-°p-dn®v


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w ka-kr-jvS-ß-tfm-Sp≈ klm-\p-`q-Xn-sb-°p-dn®v a\p-jys‚ hrØn-I-tfSpw kq£va-ambn hne-bn-cp-Ø-s∏-Sp∂p F∂Xn-s\-°p-dn®v lrZ-b-hn-ip-≤n-bpsS k¿thm¬Ir-jvS-X-sb-°p-dn®v a\p-jy-Po-hn-XsØ Ah-ew-_-am-°n-bp≈ kI-e-Xn-s\bpw Ipdn®v kq£va-ambn hne-bn-cp-Øn-s°m≠v Cl-]-c-ß-fnse kakvX kw{Xm-kßfpw a\p-jy-Po-hn-Xh - p-ambn At`-ZyX kq£n-°p∂p F∂ kXy-ap-ZvtLmjn®t∏mƒ Ckvemw tIh-e-samcp aX-a-√, aXm-Xo-X-a-X-ambn (Super Religion) kzbw {]Jym-]n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ch-sb√mw ktΩ-f-\ß-fn-epw-kw-hm-Z-th-Zn-I-fnepw A\m-h-cWw sNø-s∏-´n-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Ckvemw C{X-tbsd sX‰n-≤-cn-°-s∏-Sp-am-bn-cp-∂n-s√∂pw BZy-Im-e-sØ∂-t]mse Ckvemw sImSp-¶m-‰p-t]m-se-P-\-a-\- p-Isf Iogvs∏-Sp-Øp-ambn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw Rm≥ Icp-Xp-∂p. hmfns‚ QW¬°m-c-a-√,-k-a-Xz-Z¿i\w-t]m-ep≈ kXy-th-Z-Øns‚ aln-Xm-i-b-ß-fmWv temI-a-\- ns\ Iogvs∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv. Ckvemw Z¿i-\-ß-fpsS {]t_m-[-\hpw {]Nm-c-Whpw {]tbm-K-h¬°c-Whpw as‰-s∂-sØ-°mfpw Hc-\n-hm-cy-X-bm-bn-tØm-∂n-b-t∏mƒ Ccp]Xmw \q‰m-≠nse \thm-∞m\ \mb-I-cn¬ H∂mw \nc-°m-c-\mb køZv A_p¬-A-Avem auZqZn Cßs\ hnfn®p ]d™p: ""kXy-th-Z-Øns‚ {]Imiw sIm≠v Pohn-X-sØ-{]`m ]qc-am-°pI'' F∂v. CsXmcp e£y-am-bn-°-≠v, AXns‚ \n¿h-l-W-Øn\v kzbw ka¿∏nX-cmb Hcp Iq´-amfpIsf kwL-Sn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v B {]Xn-`m-imen 1941-˛¬ Hcp kwL-S-\°v _oPm-hm]w \S-Øn. KXm-\p-K-Xn-I-Xz-Øns‚ Po¿WnX-amb hgn-bn¬\n∂v sX∂n-am-dn, Acp-Xm-bva-Iƒ°pw \njvS-{In-b-X-°psa-Xnsc i_vZ-ap-b¿Øn-s°m≠v Ah¿ apt∂m-´p-\oßn "ssZh-Øns‚ temIw' ]p\x-kr-jvSn-°p-hm≥ th≠n s]mcp-Xn-Po-hn-t°≠ Ckvemw hnizm-kn-Iƒ \njv{In-b-X-bnepw PUn-I-X-bnepw ASn-™p-IqSn°gnbp∂XpI-≠-t∏mƒ Ah¿ [¿a-cp-jvS-cm-bn.- ]m›mXy km{am-Py-Xz-i-‡nIfpw bmYm-ÿn-XnI apkvenw-Ifpw Ien-bp-d-™n-d-ßn. B\p-Im-en-I-ßfn-eqsS auZqZn sXmSp-Øp-hn´ Bi-b-i-c-߃ A{]-Xn-tcm-[y-ß-fmbn Ah¿°-\p-`-h-s∏-´p. C¥y-bnse bmYm-ÿn-Xn-Icpw ]m›m-Xy-i-‡n-Ifpw ssItIm¿Øp-\n-∂p-sIm-≠mWv Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-s°-Xnsc \nd-sbmgn-®-Xv. hntZ-im-[n-]-Xy-Øn-s\-Xnsc t]mcm-Sp-∂-Xn¬ ]¶m-fnØw hln-®psIm-≠p-Xs∂ Pam-AsØ Ckveman \ΩpsS kzmX{¥y ka-c-`q-an-bn¬ hf¿∂p-I≠ h¿Ko-b-X-s°-Xnsc i_vZ-ap-b¿Øn. Nn¥-bpsS Hcp \p≈v D∏p tN¿°msX F¥pw hmcn hen®p hngpßp∂ {]Ir-Xn-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂n√ auZq-Zn. A°m-e-Øn-hnsS apg-ßn-t°´ atX-X-c-Xz-sØbpw P\m-[n-]-Xy-sØbpw tZio-b-X-sbbpw ASn-ÿm-\-am-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w °n-bp≈ auZq-Zn-bpsS hni-I-e-\-߃ Xo¿Øpw bp‡n-`-{Zhpw BZ¿i]-c-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. At±lw Cßs\ ]d™p: aX-Øn¬\n∂v A\y-amb `mh-am-Wv, aX-\n-cm-k-amWv atX-X-c-Xz-sa-¶n¬ B atX-X-c-Xz-hp-ambn kl-h-kn-°m≥ Pam-AsØ Ckveman k∂-≤-a-√. bYm¿Y-Øn¬ atX-X-c-Xz-Øns‚ C¥y≥ hymJym-\hpw AXm-Wv. aX-k-ln-jvWp-X-bmWv C¥y-°m¿°v atX-X-c-hpw. Pam-AsØ Ckveman Hcn-°epw atX-X-c-Xz-tØm-Sp≈ C¥y≥ kao-]-\-tØmSv hnπ-Xn-]Øn Im´n-bn-´n-√. aX-cm-jv{So-b-ß-fpsS Ahn-—-∂-X-bmWv Pam-AsØ Ckveman-bpsS kzcw. Km‘nPn aX-t_m-[sØ ([¿a-t_m-[-sØ) cmjv{So-b-Ønte-°m-\-bn® B[p-\nI ImesØ {it≤-b-\mb a\p-jy-\m-bn-cp-∂p. aXsØ aln-X-aq-ey-ß-fm-bn, [¿a-t_m-[-ambn cmjv{So-b-Øn-te-°m-h-ln°m\pw atX-X-c-Xz-Øns‚ C¥y≥ apJw lrZ-bw-K-a-ambn kzoI-cn-°m\pw Pam-AsØ Ckveman k∂-≤-amWv F∂v Rm≥ a\- n-em-°p-∂p. kXythZ hnizm-k-Øns‚ kao-]-\-a-X-am-Wv, as‰mcp am¿K-a-h-ew-_n-°m≥ Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an°v km[y-a-√. Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS tZio-b-X-t]mepw tZi-kvt\-l-sØbpw kwi-bn-°m-\mWv Nne¿°n-hnsS _≤-∏m-Sp-≠m-b-Xv. Hcp Imcyw kXyw˛ tZio-b-Xsb, Xo{h-tZ-io-b-Xsb Pam-AsØ Ckveman AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂n√. F∂m¬ CXv cmPy-t{Zm-l-Øns‚ e£-W-amtbm tZi-kvt\-l-Øns‚ \ncm-k-amtbm hymJym-\n-°-s∏-´p-Iq-Sm. CXv Bib ]c-amb AYhm BZ¿i-]-c-amb kXy-k-‘-X-bpsS {]iv\-am-Wv. Ckvemw aX Z¿i-\Øns‚ ASn-ÿm\ \b-ß-fn¬ Bflm¿Y-ambpw kXy-k-‘-ambpw Du∂n\n¬°p∂ Hcp kXy-thZ hnizm-kn°v Xo{h-tZ-iob-Xbm¬ hnizm-k-a¿∏n°m≥ km[y-a-√. Xo{h-tZ-io-b-Xsb AwKo-I-cn-°m≥ auZq-Zn°pw PamAsØ Ckvem-an°pw km[n-°msX hcp-∂Xv Ah-cpƒs°m-≈p∂Xmbmtcm-]n-°s - ∏-Sp∂ cmPy-t{Zm-lh - n-Im-cØ - ns‚ Nqcpw NqSpw sIm≠p-a√ - , kXythZw AXw-Ko-I-cn-°p-∂n√ F∂-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v Xo{h-tZio-b-X-s°-Xn-sc-bp≈ kzcw Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bp-tSXv am{X-a-√, kXyth-Z-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-\-b-ß-fn-eq∂n {]h¿Øn-°p∂ kI-e-cp-tS-Xp-amWv. GI-ssZ-h-Ønepw a\p-jy-km-tlm-Z-cy-Ønepw Ah-ew-_n-X-am-b- Hcp [¿a-im-kv{X-Øn\v CSp-ßnb Xmev]-cy-ß-f-Xn-cn-´-tZ-io-b-X-Isf AwKoI-cn-°m-\m-hp-I-bn-√. IpSpw-_w-t]mse kaqlw t]mse hyh-lmc kuIcy-Øn-\p-th≠n AXn¿Øn-I-fn´ cmjv{S k¶-ev]-sØbpw Xm¬°m-enIhpw hymh-lm-cn-I-hp-amb A¿Yu-Nn-Xy-X-e-ß-fn¬ am{Xta AwKo-I-cn°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bp-≈q-sh-\v#p#w A¥na hni-I-e-\-Øn¬ temI-Øns‚ AXn-cp-I-fm¬ he-bn-X-amb Hcp hniz IpSpw-_-Øn-emWv Ckvemw AYhm


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w Pam-AsØ Ckveman Du∂p-∂-sX∂pw \ma-dn-bp-I. km¿h-tZ-io-b-X-bnepw hniz-am-\-hn-I-X-bn-ep-amWv Ckvemw hniz-kn°p-∂-Xv. km¿h-tZ-io-b-X-sb-∂-Xv tZ-io-b-X-bpsS \ntj-[-a√ hn]p-e-\am-Wv. hymh-lm-cn-Ic - oXym tZio-bX AwKo-Ic - n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw A\ntj-[y-amb kXyw km¿h-tZ-io-b-X-bm-Wv. tZi-kvt\lw Hcp Acp-Xmbva-bm-sW∂v Ckvemw Icp-Xp-∂n-√. AXm-h-iy-am-sW∂v \njvI¿jn-°p∂p-ap-≠v. Km‘nPn ]d-™-Xp-t]mse tZi-kvt\lw {]^p-√-am-Ip-tºmƒ km¿h-tZ-iob kvt\lw ]qhn-cn-bpw. IpSpw-_sØ \ntj-[n-®p-sImt≠ kaq-l-kvt\lw km£m¬°-cn-°m-\mhq F∂ hmZw A]-Izhpw _meni-hp-am-Wv. tZi-kvt\-lsØ A√ tZio-b-X-bmWv ]c-aw, tZio-b-X-bmWv \nbm-aIw F∂ hmZsØ AYhm Xo{h-tZ-io-b-X-sb-bmWv Pam-AsØ Ckveman \ntj-[n-°p-∂-Xv. A‘hpw hn{`m-¥-hp-amb Af-hn¬ IpSpw-_kvt\lw Xo{hhpw cq£-hp-am-Ip-tºmƒ AhnsS BZyw \jvS-s∏-Sp-∂Xv Ab¬]-°-am-bn-cn-°pw. {Ia-Øn¬ kap-Zmb PohnXw Xs∂ Zp m-[y-ambn `hn-°pw. B[p-\n-I-tem-I-Øns‚ A`n-im]w ]e-bn-S-ß-fnepw {]I-S-am°-s∏-Sp∂ Xo{h-tZ-io-b-X-bm-sW∂v \ma-dn-bp-∂p. 1962-˛¬ Z¬ln-bn¬ Atim-Ivta-Ø-bpsS A[y-£-X-bn¬ tN¿∂ tZtim-b-Zv{K-Y\ Iu¨kn-en¬ Pam-AsØ Ckveman lnµns‚ AJnte¥ym Aao¿ kwi-b-t—-Zn-bmw-hn[w tZio-b-X-bpsS {]iv\sØ hniZo-Ic - n-®n-cp-∂p. Hcp Ckvem-anI cmjv{S-ambn ]m°n-ÿm≥ amdn-bm¬ GsX¶nepsamcp L´-Øn¬ C¥y-bp-ambn Ah¿ kwL¿j-Øn-s\m-cp-ßn-bm¬ A∂v Xm¶-fpsS {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ \ne-]m-sS-¥m-bn-cn°pw' F∂ Iu¨knens‚ tNmZy-Øn-\p-ap-∂n¬, Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-sb-°p-dn®v Iu¨kn¬ kq£n®p t]mcp∂ [mcW sX‰m-sW∂pw Xncp-Ø-s∏-tS-≠-Xm-sW∂pw hni-Zo-I-cn-®-t∏mƒ tNmZy-߃ ]n≥h-en-°-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. GI-ssZ-h-Ønepw hniz-km-tlm-Z-cy-Ønepw ASn-bp-d-®p- hnizkn°p∂ X߃ tZio-b-X-sb-b√ km¿h-tZ-io-b-X-sb-bmWv ]c-a-ambpw A¥na-ambpw ImWp-∂Xv F∂-dn-bn-°p-tºmƒ Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS cmPykvt\lw tNmZy-sN-øs - ∏-Sp-∂p! hymh-lm-cn-Ia- mb A¿Y-Xe - Ø - n¬ am{Xta tZio-b-X°v AkvXn-Xz-ap-≈q-sh∂pw km¿h-tZ-io-b-X-bmWv km£m¬°cn-°-s∏-tS≠ hniz-am-\h hn`m-h-\-sb∂pw Pam-AsØ Ckveman IcpXp-∂p. tZio-b-X, hniz-am-\-hn-I-X-bpsS kwÿm-]\w XpS-ßnb hnj-bßsf°pdn®v auen-I-am-bn, AXn-K-l-\-ambn Nn¥n® B[p-\n-I-\mb BZysØ {]Xn-`m-im-en-bmWv auem\m auZq-Zn. At±-l-Øns‚ hmZ-apJ-ß-fpsS auen-I-Xbpw bp‡n-`-{Z-Xbpw k¿hm-Zr-X-am-bn-cp-∂p. Jp¿-B≥ sXfn®p Im´p∂ kXy-Zo-\ns‚ kwÿm-]-\-Øn\v \ne-sIm≈p∂ Xs‚ {]ÿm\w Bbncw apJ-ß-fn-embn Pohn-°p-∂ kI-e-am\ ASn-aØ - ß - s - fbpw Adp-sØ-dn™v ssZh-Øns‚ ASn-aØw kzoI-cn-°m≥ \ne-sIm-≈p-I-bm-sW∂v auZqZn {]Jym-]n-®n-´p-≠v. Ckvem-an-I-\n-b-a{]am-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w W-߃°pw Xmev]-cy-߃°pw Xm≥ at‰X Xmev]-cy-ß-sf-°mfpw {]mapJy \evIp-∂p-sh∂pw Ah XΩn-en-S-tb-≠n-h-cp∂ kµ¿`ß-fn¬ Ckvem-ans‚ AWn-bn¬ \n∂p-sIm≠v s]mcp-Xm≥ aSn-°p-I-bn-s√∂pw Ah-sb√mw kXy-th-ZsØ km£m¬°-cn-°m-\p≈ Imem-hÿ hnc-Nn°m-\m-sW∂pw auZqZn hy‡-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. Zo\pw Zp\n-bm-hpw- A`n∂amsW∂pw aX-ap-‡-amb cmjv{Sobw tkzOm-[n-]-Xy-]-c-am-sW∂pw At±lw i‡n-bp‡w hmZn-°p-∂p. hn´p-ho-gvN-bn-√m-Ø, \nc-¶pi kz`m-h-an-b∂ Z¿i-\-]-c-X-bmWv auZq-Zn-bpsS apJ-ap{Z. `qcn-]£ - Ø - ns‚ `c-Wh - n-[m\w F∂ \ne-bn¬ P\m-[n-]X - ysØ kXyth-Za- w-Ko-Ic - n-°p-∂p. ssk\nI km{am-PyXz `c-Wc - o-Xn-Isf Ckvemw shdp°p-∂p. P\m-`n-{]m-b-amWv `c-W-Iq-SsØ cq]-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠Xv F∂ kao]-\-amWv Ckvem-an-t‚-Xv. `c-W-hn-[m-\-Øn¬ i_vZhpw kzm[o-\-X-bp-an√mØ Bcp-ap-≠m-h-cpXv F∂v Ckvemw \njvI¿jn-°p-∂p. kam-[m-\hpw sskzchpw ]pe-cp∂ kmaq-lym-¥-co£w km£m¬°-cn-°m≥ Bfl-XymK-Øns‚ Bg-ß-tfmfw Cd-ßn-s®∂ {]hm-N-I-s\-°mWmw lpssZ-_nb t]mep≈ hn{ip-X-k-‘n-I-fn¬. `qcn-]-£-Øns‚ `c-W-Iq-S-amWv P\m-[n-]Xyw F∂ \n¿h-N-\-tØmSv tbmPn-°p∂ Pam-AsØ Ckveman P\-ln-X-amWv \nbm-aIw F∂ Bib-Øns‚ A\p-Km-Xm-°ƒ Xs∂-bm-Wv. hyh-ÿm-]nX \nb-a-ß-fpsS `cW-amWv P\m-[n-]Xyw F∂-Xp-sIm≠v hy‡n-ln-X-Øm¬ hnI-e-am-°s∏-Sp∂ cmPm-[n-]-Xy-tØmSpw ]´m-f-`-c-W-tØmSpw Pam-AsØ Ckveman hn{]-Xn-]Øn Im´p-∂p. A`n-{]m-b-kzm-X{¥yw P\-ln-X-Øns‚ {]Xn-^e-\-hp-a-\p-`-h-s∏-SmØ tkzOm-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ `c-W-hn-[m-\-ß-fm-W-hsb∂pw Ckvemw \mK-cn-I-Xbv°v Ah-bp-ambn kl-h-kn-°m≥ hsø∂pw Pam-AsØ Ckveman hmZn-°p-∂p. `qcn-]-£-P-\-lnXw P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ Ah-ew-_-in-e-bm-sW∂pw \nb-a-ß-fpsS `c-W-amWv P\m-[n-]-Xy-sa∂pw kΩ-Xn-°p-tºmƒ Xs∂, \nb-a-amWv \nbm-a-I-sa-¶n¬ B ASn-ÿm-\-\n-b-a-ß-fpsS kwc-N-\m-[nImcw kI-e-⁄\pw kI-em-[n-\mY k¿hm-Zr-X-\p-amb ssZh-Øn\p≈XmsW∂v Pam-AsØ Ckveman Icp-Xp-∂p.-ssZ-h-ln-X-Øm¬ ]cnko-an-X-amWv a\p-jys‚ hnNm-c-ti-jnbpw hne-bn-cp-Øepw hn`m-h-\-I-fpsa-¶n¬ bYm¿Y-Øn-ep≈ icn-sX-‰p-Iƒ \n¿W-bn-°m-\p≈ Ah-Imiw Ah-∂p-≈-X-√. "\memƒ ]d-™m¬ \mSpw hg-ßWw' F∂Xv P\m-[n-]Xy-Ønse {]Np-c-amb Hcp sNm√m-sW-¶nepw `qcn-]-£-sa∂pw kXy-Ønt‚bpw \oXn-bp-sSbpw shfp-Ø-]-£-am-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂-h-Im-i-s∏-Sm≥ ]‰ptam? Bƒ°q-´-Øns‚ kzc-amWv P\m-[n-]-Xy-Ønse kXyw. ]n¥pW-°m-\m-fn-s√-¶n¬ kXy-ah - nsS ]cn-lm-kyamw hn[w ]c-Xy-Pn-°s - ∏-Sp∂p! CXv \oXn-bpsS hn[m-\-a-s√∂v Pam-AsØ Ckveman hmZn-°p-tºmƒ AXns‚ bp‡n]cX Ah-K-Wn-°-s∏-´p-Iq-Sm. kI-e-⁄\pw kI-em-[n-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w \m-Y\pw \oXn-⁄-\p-amb ssZh-Øns‚ lnX-am-bn-cn-°Ww \nb-a-߃°v \nbm-aIw F∂ at\m-`m-h-Øn\p ]n∂n¬ kXy-thZ kwkvIr-Xn-b-√msX as‰m-∂-√. hnizm-k-hn-ip-≤n-bn-eq-∂nb Hcp hnNm-c-in-ev]sØ bp‡y-\p-`-h-ßfpsS imW-L¿j-Øn\v hnt[-b-am-°n, kI-em¿Y-Ønepw ]cn-`-{Z-am°n Hcp {]Xy-bi - m-kv{X-Øns‚ ]cn-th-ja- W - n-bn®v Zo\n¬ \n¿_-‘a- n√ F∂ thZ-kq-‡-Øns‚ {]Xn-kv]-µ\w t]mse tXm∂n-°p∂ CjvS-ap-≈-h¿°v kzoI-cn-°mw, th≠m-Ø-h¿°v X≈mw' F∂ DZm-c-k-ao-]-\-tØmsS PamAsØ Ckveman temI-Øn-\p-ap-∂n¬, AYhm kXy-thZ hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v ap∂n¬ ka¿∏n-°p-∂p.-kX - y-thZ hnizm-ka- w-Ko-Ic - n-°pI F∂Xv AXns‚ ap∂p-]m-[n-bm-Wv. ImcWw AXns‚ {]t_m-[-\hpw {]Nm-c-Whpw {]tbmK-h¬°-c-W-hp-amWv {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ hn`m-hnX e£yhpw I¿a-X-e-hpw. Jnem-^-Øns‚ ImeØv Xo¿Øpw {]tbm-K-£aw F∂v t_m[y-s∏´ Hcp Z¿i\ kap-®-bsØ ]p\-cm-\-bn-®p-sIm≠v a\pjy kmam-\ysØ {]Imi-Øn-te°v \bn-°Ww F∂ Xo£vWamb A`n-\n-th-i-am-bn-cp∂p {]ÿm\ kmc-Yn-bmb A_p¬-A-Avem auZqZn {]I-Sn-∏n-®-Xv. ap≥hn-[n-bn-√m-sX, \ncp-]m-[nIw N¿® sNø-s∏-tS≠ hfsc Nnc-¥\-am-b, F∂m¬ \nXy-\q-X-\-Xz-a-h-Im-i-s∏-Sm≥ t]mcp∂ Hcp Z¿i-\-hnti-j-amWv Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-sa∂v Rm≥ IcpXp-∂p. Pam-AsØ Ckveman Hcp cmjv{Sob kwL-S-\tbm aX-ÿm-]\tam A√. (kq-£vam¿Y-Øn¬ Ckvem-anI Z¿i-\sØ Hcp aX-ambn ImWm≥ aSn-°p∂ Hcp a\- ns‚ hne-bn-cp-Ø-em-Wn-Xv˛ Ckvemw Hcp aXm-XoXaX-am-Wv.) A∂n-e-bn¬ GtI-iz-c-hn-izm-khpw hnizm-km-tlm-Zcyhpw AXn-eqsS cq]-s∏-Sp∂ hniz-am-\-hn-I-Ip-Spw-_hpw hn`m-hnX e£yam-bp≈ Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an°v Hu]-Nm-cnI kz`m-h-Øn-ep≈ kwLS\m kzqcq]w t]mepw A\p-Nn-X-am-sW-∂mWv Fs‚ hn\-b-]q¿h-I-amb tXm∂¬. kmt¶-Xn-Ihpw Hu]-Nm-cn-Ih - p-amb Hcp N´-°q-Sn-\p-≈n¬ Hcpßn \n¬°mØ Hcp {]Ir-X-a-Xn-\p-≠v. saº¿jn∏pw hcnkw-Jybpw Hu]-Nmcn-I-Xbpw hcp-tºmƒ Pam-AsØ Ckvem-anbpw Hcp "tImw{K- mIpw'. Ckvemw Z¿i-\sØ km¿h-P-\o-\-amb Hcp aXm-Xo-X-a-X-am-bn, am\-hZ¿i-\-am-bn-°m-Wm≥ sImXn-°p∂ Rm≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂Xpw {]m¿Yn-°p∂Xpw "Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an, AX¿ln-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse Fß-s\-sbmcp A\u-]-Nm-cnI hniz-am-\-hnI ÿm]-\-ambn amdpw ssZhta' F∂m-Wv.

{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w B {]ÿm\w {]k-cn-∏n-°p-∂Xv {]Im-i-am-Wv. ssZh-hn-izm-k-Øn-s‚bpw hniz-km-tlm-Z-cy-Øn-s‚bpw {]Imiw \ncm-i-X-bn¬\n∂v hnizm-ksØ hnf-bn-s®-Sp-°p∂ {]Xym-i-bpsS {]Im-iw. Hcp {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ {]Ir-Xhpw {]tbm-P-\hpw Io¿Øn-°p∂ Cu


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w Xe-°p-dn-Xs∂ kzbw {]Im-i-am-Wv. Iri-Km-{X-\mb Ip´n¬ apl-Ω-Zen hnNmc kº-∂-X-sIm≠v Icp-Ø-\m-Wv. {KŸhpw ImgvN-bn¬ sNdp-XmWv. F¶nepw thgvN-bn¬ t_m[y-s∏Spw CsXmcp Kuc-h-ap≈ inev]-amsW-∂v. BJym\ coXn Ihn-X-t]mse kpµ-cw, I¬°≠w t]mse B IWvTw a[p-cw. Nne kph¿W-_n-µp-°-fnXm: `qan-bn¬ Imeq-∂n- \-£-{X-ßfnte°v t\m°p-tºmƒ {]hm-N-I≥. aÆpw hnÆpw H∂n® k¶c krjvSn˛ a\p-jy≥ kz¥-c-amb Hcp kz]v\w t]mse˛ BImiw Oµ- m¿∂ Hcp Ihn-X-t]mse ˛ `qan P\n-ar-Xn-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ Hcp £Wn-I-Po-hnXw {]hm-N-I≥am¿ ]nd-°p-tºmƒ acp-`q-an-bn¬ ]q°p-∂p. CXp-t]m-se-{X-sb{X! Ckvem-anI kwkvIr-Xn-bpsS {]t_m-[-\-{]-ap-J-amb {]Nm-cWw {]tbm-K-h¬°-cWw F∂n-h-tbmSv {]Xn-⁄m-_-≤X kq£n-°p∂ PamAsØ Ckvem-ansb ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Xøm-dm-°nb Cu {KŸw {Ia]q¿h-I-amb hnNm-c-hn-\n-thiw sIm≠pw hmNw-b-anXzw sIm≠pw Hcp al-Zv{K-ŸØ - ns‚ em£-WnIu-∂X - y-Øn-te°v Ibdn \n¬°p-∂p. km[mcW \ne-bn¬ kwL-S-\m-]-cn-Nbw km[n-°p∂ hnc-k-amb Hcp eLp-IrXn-bmbn am{Xw Icp-Xm-hp∂ Hcp ]pkvX-IsØ C{X-ta¬ {]uVhpw Ia-\o-bhpw Imhy-kp-µ-c-hp-am°n am‰n cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-°≠ as‰m-c-\p-`hw Fs‚ Hm¿a-bn-en-√. Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS "KoXm-⁄en'bmbn Cu {KŸw Io¿Øn°-s∏Spw F∂v Rm≥ Icp-Xp-∂p. km`n-am\w A\p-hm-N-I-k-a£w AhX-cn-∏n-°p-∂p. hmWn-Zmkv Ff-bm-hqcv


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

`mKw H∂v

shfn®w H∂v "{]Imiw ]c-Øp-∂ -{]-ÿm\w' F∂ io¿j-I-Øn\v Sn. ]fl\m-`s‚ {]i-kvX-amb Hcp IY-tbmSv IS-∏m-Sp-≠v. Bfl-lXy sNøm≥ Xocp-am-\n® Hcmƒ \njvI-f-¶-bmb Hcp sIm®p s]¨Ip-´nsb bZr-›bm I≠p-ap-´p-∂Xpw Ahƒ Abmsf Pohn-X-Øn-te°v Xncn-®p-sIm-≠p-h-cp-∂-Xp-amWv Cu IY-bpsS CXn-hr-Øw. IYm-IrØv Ahsf "{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ s]¨Ip´n' F∂v hnfn-®p. Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bp-ambn Cu IY-bvs°¥v _‘-sa∂ tNmZy-Øn\v H‰-hm-°n¬ DØ-c-an-√. ]t£, H∂p≠v; Pam-AsØ Ckvem-ansb ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ IqSp-X¬ A\p-tbm-Py-amb as‰mcp {]tbmKw thsd-bn-√. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Cu IS-an-S-]m-Sv. bYm¿Y-Øn¬ ChnsS IS_m-[y-X-bpsS {]iv\-sam-∂p-an-√. hnip≤ {KŸ-ß-sfbpw {]hm-N-I≥am-scbpw ssZhw Aßs\ hnti-jn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. ssZhw Xs∂ `ph\˛-hm-\-ß-fpsS {]Im-i-am-W-t√m.1 Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an°v Cu hnti-jWw Hcp Btcm-]W-am-sW∂v Icp-Xp-∂-h-cp-≠m-Ipw. Btcm ]d-™p-tI-´-XmWv Pam-A-Øn-s\-∏‰n Ah¿°p≈ Adn-hv. Hcp kwL-S-\-sb-°pdn®v Cßs\ a\- n-em-°m≥ ]mSn-√m-Ø-XmWv; hy‡n-sb-°pdn®pw Cß-s\-b√ a\- n-em-t°-≠-Xv. t\cn´v Adn-bm≥ am¿Kß-fp-≈-t∏mƒ hnti-jn-®pw. \ΩpsS \mSv, ]t£, Cßs\ Bbn-t∏m-bn. A\p-`-h-ßsf \ntj-[n®pw Btcm-]-W-ßsf hniz-kn-°p∂p AXv!


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

c≠v shfn®w Huj-[-Kp-W-ap≈ Hcp hm°m-Wv. hnh-c-Wm-XoX-amb A\p-`-hw. kmc-Øns‚ kmchpw ssNX-\y-Øns‚ ssNX-\y-hp-am-W-Xv. shfn-®-Øn-s\-s¥mcp shfn-®-sa∂v _jo¿ ]d-™n-t√. shfn-®-Øn-\p-ta¬ shfn-®-sa∂v ssZhw Xs∂ ]d-™n-´p-≠-t√m. shfn®w ImWp-tºmƒ a\w Ipfn¿°p-∂p. shfn-®-Øns‚ hgn-Øm-c-bn-emWv hnth-Ihpw hnIm-k-hpw. AXns‚ ]qac-ØnemWv kvt\lhpw Imcp-Wy-hpw. AXns‚ \nd-hn-emWv bp‡nbpw `‡n-bpw. Pohn-X-Øn-s‚bpw {]]-©-Øn-s‚bpw \nKq-V-X-Iƒ A\m-h-cWw sNøp∂ IÆpw IÆmSn-bp-am-WXv. shfn-®-an-s√-¶n¬ ]ns∂ Ccp-´m-Wv. Ccp-´n¬ H∂p-an√; `oIc-X-am-{Xw. shfn-®-Øn-te-s°mcp hgn! AXn-te°v Nq≠p∂p hnip≤ {KŸ-߃; ]pWy-{]-hm-N-I≥am¿.2 CXv hnfn-®p-]dbp∂p PamAsØ Ckvem-an. AXp-sIm≠v Pam-AsØ Ckvem-ansb hmbn-°p-Ibpw tIƒ°p-Ibpw Bh-iy-am-bn-Øo-cp∂p \ap-°v.


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

aq∂v Pam-AsØ Ckveman Hcp aX-kw-L-S-\-bm-sW∂v cmjv{So-b-°mcpw cmjv{Sob kwL-S-bm-sW∂v Nne aX-hn-izmkn-Ifpw [cn-®p-sh-®n-´p-≠v. CXn\v Ahsc Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øn-°qSm. Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bn¬ aXhpw cmjv{So-b-hp-ap≠v. F∂m¬ Nnc-]-cn-Nn-X-amb A¿Y-Øn-ep≈ aX-kw-L-S\tbm cmjv{So-b-kw-L-S-\tbm A√ AXv. Hcp kwL-S-\sb C∂v th¿Xn-cn®p \n¿Øm-hp∂ Hcp I≈n-bnepw AXv HXpßn-√. Pohn-X-Øns‚ F√m I≈n-I-fnepw hym]-cn-°p∂p AXv. k¿h-kv]¿in-bmWv AXns‚ CS-s]-S-ep-Iƒ. {]hm-N-I≥am¿ Aß-s\-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Pohn-X-Øns‚ F√m Xpd-I-fnepw \nd-™p-\n-∂-h¿. `qan-bn¬ Imeq∂n \n£-{X-ßfn-te°v t\m°n-b-h¿. A[zm-\n-°p-Ibpw Bcm-[n-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-h¿. Pohn-X-Øns‚ Ccp-]p-d-ßfpw hmbn-®-h¿. thZ-{KŸhpw CXp-t]m-se. F√m-ap-≠-Xn¬˛ hy‡nbpw kaq-lhpw; Bflmhpw ico-chpw; A[zm-\hpw Bcm-[-\bpw; bp≤hpw kam-[m-\hpw; Cl-tem-Ihpw ]c-tem-I-hpw˛ PohnXw AXn¬ ]c∂p InS-°p-∂p. Pam-AsØ Ckveman \n¬°p-∂Xv hnip-≤-{K-Ÿ-Øns‚ XW-en¬; {]hm-N-I≥am-cpsS ]mX-bn¬. Ir{Xn-a-hn-`-P-\-߃s°m∂pw hg-ßpI-bn√ AXv.


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

\mev BZn-bn¬ A√mlp BZ-ans\ krjvSn-®p. aÆpw hnÆpw H∂n® k¶-c-kr-jvSn-bmWv a\p-jy≥.3 c≠n-s‚bpw e£Ww Ah≥ ImWn-°pw. arK-sØ-°mƒ Xmgm\pw amem-J-sb-°mƒ Db-cm\pw Ah\p km[n-°pw. Bflo-b-Xbpw `uXn-I-Xbpw IqSn-t®¿∂-t∏m-gp-≠mb at\m⁄ kwKo-X-amWv a\p-jy≥. "a\p-jy≥! F{X kpµ-c-amb ]Zw' F∂v tKm¿°n ]d-™n-´p≠v. _p≤nbpw `mh-\bpw CXc Pohn-I-fn¬ \n∂v a\p-jys\ th¿Xn-cn-°p-∂p. Ah≥ b{¥w I≠p-]n-Sn-®p. IhnX cNn-®p. imkv{Xhpw Iebpw Ahs‚ kw`m-h-\-Iƒ. aX-Øn-s‚tbm imkv{X-Øn-s‚tbm H‰-°-≈n-bn¬ HXp-ßp-∂-X√ Ahs‚ hy‡n-Xzw. aÆn¬ hncn™ Cu Iem-kr-jvSnsb ssZhw Bflmhv sIm≠v A\p-{K-ln-®n-cn-°p-∂p. Jp¿-B-\n¬ Cßs\ Hcp hN-\-ap≠v: "Bflm-sh-¥m-sW∂v Ah¿ tNmZn-°p∂p; ]d-bp-I: AXv ssZh-Øn-s‚ hnj-b-amWv'. ssZh-Øns‚ klm-b-an-√msX a\p-jys\ hmbn-°m-\m-hn-√. ""hmbn-°p-I, {kjvSm-hmb \ns‚ \mYs‚ \ma-Øn¬.''4 Cu {]]-©w˛ AdnbpwtXmdpw \ΩpsS Adn-hns\ sIm®m-°p∂p Cu AWvU-I-Smlw! \nKq-V-X-bn¬ s]mXn™ Cu Pohn-Xw. ssZh-Øns‚ shfn-®-an-s√-¶n¬ Chsb√mw Zp¿{Km-ly-am-Ipw.


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

A©v ko\mbv aebv°p apI-fn¬ tamkkv shfn®w I≠p. lndm-Kp-l-bn¬ aplΩZv \_n-bpw. t_m[n-hr-£-®p-h-´nepw shfn-®-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. shfn®w tXSn-bp≈ bm{X \sΩ {]hm-N-I-k-∂n-[n-I-fn-se-Øn-°p-∂p. AhnsS XW-ep≠v; sXfn\o-cp-≠v. Pohn-X-Øns‚ kmchpw kuµ-cy-hp-ap-≠v. DØ-c-an√mØ tNmZy-߃°v DØ-c-ap-≠v. F√m `mc-ßfpw Cd-°n-sh°m-\p≈ AØm-Wn-bpw.5 {]hm-N-I≥˛ ssZh-Øns‚ shfn-®-hm-l-I≥. ssZhw {]hm-N-I≥am-tcmSv kwh-Zn-®p. {]hm-N-I≥am¿ P\-ß-tfmSpw. Adn-hns‚ ]pXn-sbmcp hgn Ah-cn-eqsS \ap°p Xpd-∂p-In-´n. Cu Adnhv imkv{X-Øn\pw bp‡n-°p-sa-Xn-c-√. Ah-bv°-XoX-am-Wv. ]t©-{µn-b-ß-fpsS ]cn-an-Xn-Iƒ t`Zn-°p∂ ]c-a⁄m-\w. Ime-ßsf AXn-Pohn-°p∂ imiz-X-⁄m-\w. {]hm-N-I≥am¿ ]nd-°p-tºmƒ acp-`q-an-Iƒ ]q°p-∂p. AhnsS aqey-ß-fpsS tdmkm-Z-f-߃ hnS-cp-∂p. BImiw `qansb Npw_n-°p∂ A\¿L-\n-an-jw. lrZ-b-߃ IcpWm¿{Z-am-hp-Ibpw akvXnjvIw Iq¿a-am-hp-Ibpw sNøp∂ Imew. kwkvIm-chpw \mK-cn-I-Xbpw H∏-Øn-s\m∏w AhnsS NphSv shbv°p-∂p. hnI-k-\-Øn-s‚ k¥p-en-Xm-h-ÿ. Hcp kwKo-Xw-t]mse At∏mƒ temIw. {]hm-N-I-bp-K-ß-fne√msX hnI-k-\-Øn-s‚ Cu ebw kw`-hn-®n-´n-√.


Bdv BZn-a-a-\p-jys\ apX¬ B[p-\n-I-a-\p-jys\ hsc Aºc-∏n® `qanbpw hm\-hpw. {]]-©-sØ-∏-‰n-bp≈ Adn-hns‚ `mcw-sIm≠v hn\-bm-\zn-X-\mbn inc v \an-®Xv \yq´-\m-Wv. sF≥Ãn\pw AXv Xs∂ sNbvXp. Pnt\mw cl-ky-߃ \sΩ IqSp-X¬ \{a-in-c-kvI-cm-°p-∂p. ssZhta! F∂ hnfn Ct∏mƒ thsd FhnsS \n∂p-a√; \ΩpsS D≈n¬\n∂v Xs∂bm-Wv. {Kl-߃, D]-{K-l-߃, A\-¥-tImSn \£-{X-߃! kpµ-c-amb Hcp kz]v\w t]mse BIm-iw. ImSpw Bdpw ]¿h-Xhpw ka-X-ehpw acp-`q-anbpw ISepw! Oµ- m¿∂ Hcp Ihn-X-t]mse `qan. `qan BIm-iØv cNn® IhnX F∂v Jeo¬ Pn{_m≥ hnti-jn-∏n® Hcp acw aXn a\p-jys\ A¤p-X-s∏-Sp-Øm≥. lcn-Xm-`-amb Ce-Iƒ, h¿Wm-`-amb ]q°ƒ, tX\qdpw ]g-߃. ]ns∂ Cfw sX∂¬. Nn√-I-fpsS Nm©m-´hpw Infn-IfpsS IqP-\-hpw. aØv]nSn-∏n°p∂ at\mlm-cnX. CSn, an∂¬, sImSp-¶m-‰v, {]f-bw, hcƒ®, A·n-]¿hXw, `qIºw. CXv at\m-lm-cn-XbpsS adp-h-iw. P\-\w, ac-Ww. P\n-ar-Xn-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ Hcp £Wn-I-Po-hnXw. AXn¬ kt¥mjw, ZpxJw; a\p-jys‚ \nb-{¥-W-߃°Xo-X-amb [mcmfw Imcy-߃. F¥p-sIm≠v CsX√mw? CsX-°p-dn-s®√mw a\p-jy≥ Nn¥n-®n-´p-≠v. Pohn-X-Øns‚ \nKq-V-X-I-fn-te°v Ahs‚ Nn¥ B≠n-dßn-bn-´p-≠v. Iebpw imkv{Xhpw Z¿i-\-ß-fp-sa√mw Aßs\ D≠m-b-XmWv. Ch-sb√mw a\p-jy\v KpWw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. F∂m¬ Ahs‚ Pn⁄m-kbv°pw Akzm-ÿy-Øn\pw Adp-Xn-bm-bn-√. Ie-bn¬ AXyp-‡n-bp≠v. `mh-\-bpsS AXn-{]-k-cw. AXn¬ IrXy-amb icn-bn-√. Z¿i-\-߃ sX‰n-bn-´p-≠v. A\p-`h-߃ Ahsb tXmev]n-®p-I-f-™p. imkv{Xw Ch-bn¬ \n∂v `n∂-am-Wv. imkv{Xw kXy-am-Wv. ]t£, C∂sØ kXyw. \mfsØ kXyw CXm-bn-s°m-≈-W-sa-∂n-√. imkv{Xw \ΩpsS F√m tNmZy-߃°p-ap≈ adp-]-Sn-b-√. hfsc Ipd®p tNmZy-߃t° AXv kam-[m-\-am-Ip-∂p-≈q. {]]-©-Øns‚bpw Pohn-X-Øn-s‚bpw \nKq-V-X-Iƒ ]q¿W-ambn A\m-hcWw sNøm≥ AXn\p km[n-®n-√. IqSm-sX, imkv{X-Øns‚ Dt]m-ev]-∂w˛ kmt¶-Xn-I-hn-Zy˛ \sΩ \Sp-°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂p. Pohn-X-sØbpw {]]-©-sØbpw hne-bn-cp-Øn-b-Xn¬ \ap°v sX‰ntbm?


Ggv aXw Ign™ \q‰m-≠ns‚ a\w aSp-∏n® ]Z-am-Wv. ssZhhpw Aßs\ Xs∂. Ct∏mƒ aX-Øn\pw ssZh-Øn\pw {]nbw IqSn-h-cp-∂p≠v; icn-bmb Zni-bn-eq-sS-b√ Cu {]nbw h¿≤n-®-sX-¶n-epw. AXn-\m¬ ssZh-sØbpw aX-sØbpw ]‰nbp≈ GXv N¿®bpw Ime-Øn¬\n∂v thdn-´p-thWw; aXsØbpw ssZh-sØbpw kw_-‘n-®p≈ Bi-bsØ AXns‚ X\n-a-bn¬ \ndpØn thWw. GXmWv B X\na? ssZh-ZqX≥am¿ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Ønb ssZhw; Ah¿ {]t_m-[\w sNbvX aXw. Pohn-X-sØbpw {]]-©-sØbpw ]‰n Cu aX-Øn\v kz¥amb ImgvN-∏m-Sp-≠v. AXv Iem-˛-km-lnXy Z¿i-\-ß-fn¬\n∂v hyXy-kvX-am-Wv. imkv{Xw ImWp-∂-Xn\v A∏p-d-hp-am-Wv. aXw imkv{X-Øn\p ]n∂n-e√; ap∂n-em-Wv. {]hm-N-I≥am-¿ ]I¿∂ Adnhv ]t©-{µn-b-߃°-∏p-d-Øp-≈-Xm-Wv. AXv shfn-]m-SmWv. shfn-]m-Sp-sIm-≠-√msX Pohn-X-Øns‚ \nKq-V-X-Iƒ \o°m-\m-hn-√. ssZh-Zq-X≥am¿ hnfw-_cw sNbvX Adn-hp-Iƒ Kuc-h]q¿hw ]cn-tim-[n-°-s∏-tS-≠-Xp-≠v. ]mc-º-cy-ambn ]I¿∂p Int´-≠-X√ ssZh-hn-izm-kw. {]]-©-sØbpw Pohn-X-sØbpw kw_-‘n® AKm-[-⁄m-\-Øn¬\n∂v Dd-h-sb-Sp-t°-≠-XmW-Xv. Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS ZuXyw {][m-\-ambpw ChnsS tI{µo-I-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. AXv ssZh-Øn-te°v Nq≠p∂p. {]hm-N-I≥am-cpsS ktµiw {]N-cn-∏n®v Pohn-X-Øn\v kmchpw kuµ-cyhpw \evIm≥ {ian-°p-∂p. Hcp {]tXyI kap-Zm-b-Øns‚ h¿Ww \evIn Pam-AsØ Ckvemansb enan‰v sNøp-∂Xv icn-bm-bn-cn-°n-√.


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

F´v BcmWv ssZhw? Bscbpw DØcw ap´n-°p∂ tNmZyw. ssZhw ssZh-amWv F∂p ]d-bp-∂-XmIpw icn. D]-a-bn-√m-Øh≥. Ah\p tamU-en-√. C√mØ Ahs‚ tamU-en-\p-t]mepw Hcp tamU-en-√.6 {]]-©-Øns‚ A[n-]-Xn, cmPm-sh-s∂m-s°-∏-d™m¬ sNdp-Xm-bn-t∏m-Ipw. kuI-cy-Øn-\p-th≠n am{Xw cmPmsh∂pw A[n-]-Xn-sb∂psams° hnfn-°mw. a\p-jys‚ Hcp ]cnan-Xnbpw ssZh-Øn-\n-√. Ah≥ k¿h-i-‡≥; k¿h-⁄≥. Ahs\-∏‰n \ap-°-dn-bm-hp-∂Xv {]hm-N-I≥am¿ Adn-bn-®Xv am{Xw. {]]©w ssZhsØ A\p-k-cn-°p-∂p. hr£-˛-e-Xm-Zn-Ifpw ]£n-˛-ar-Km-Zn-Ifpw Ahs\ A\p-k-cn-°p-∂p. {Kl-߃, D]-{K-l߃, tImSm-\p-tImSn \£-{X-߃˛ F√mw Ahs\ A\p-k-cn°p-∂p. C°m-Wp∂ {Ia-Øns‚ clkyw Cu A\p-k-c-W-bm-Wv. {]]-©-Øns‚ \ne-\n¬]v A\p-k-c-W-bn-em-Wv. {]]-©-Øns‚ Hcp sNdnb `mKØv ˛`q-an-bn¬˛ a\pjy≥ F∂ Hcp {]tXyI Pohn am{Xw Cu s]mXp-X-Xz-Øn\v A]-hm-Z-am-Wv. A\p-k-cn°m\pw [n°-cn-°m-\p-ap≈ kzmX{¥yw Ah\v {]tXy-I-ambn \evI-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. CXns\ ]co-£-W-sa-∂mWv {]hm-N-I≥am¿ hnti-jn-∏n-®-Xv. ]co-£-W-Øn\v th≠n-bmWv Pohn-X-sa-∂mWv Ah¿ Adn-bn-®-Xv.8 CXn¬ Ig-ºpt≠m? Dt≠m F∂v ]cn-tim-[n°m≥ a\p-jy≥ _m[y-ÿ-\m-Wv. temIw I≠ G‰hpw kXy-k‘cpw k¬I¿an-I-fp-am-bn-cp∂p {]hm-N-I≥am¿. Ah-cpsS Adnbn-∏p-Isf ]cn-tim-[n-°msX X≈p-∂Xv Ahn-th-Ihpw A_-≤-hpam-bn-t∏m-Ipw. Hm¿a-sh® \mƒ apX¬ \sΩ Ae-´n-s°m-≠n-cn°p∂p ka-ky-I-fpsS Ipcp-°-gn-°m≥ {]hm-N-I≥am-cpsS ktµ-iØn\v km[n-°ptam F∂ ]cn-tim-[\ \ΩpsS Xs∂ Bh-iyat√? {]hm-N-I≥am¿ c≠v Imcyw sNbvXp. {]]-©-Øn-s‚bpw Pohn-X-Øn-s‚bpw cl-ky-߃ A\m-h-cWw sNøp∂ thZ-]pkvX-I-߃ ka¿∏n-®p. AXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ ka-{K-amb Hcp Pohn-X-{I-ahpw ]cn-N-b-s∏-SpØn Ah¿. aX-߃ D≠m-Ip∂Xv Aß-s\-bm-Wv. bYm¿Y-Øn¬ "aX-߃' C√. aXta D≈q. F√m aX-ß-fp-sSbpw A¥x-kØ H∂m-Wv. Imc-Ww, F√m {]hmN-I≥am-cp-sSbpw ktµiw H∂p Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.9 Ckvemw F∂Xv Cu ktµ-i-Øns‚ s]mXp-hmb t]cv. a‰p-a-X-߃ Cu auen-I-X-bn¬ \n∂p≈ hyXn-bm-\-߃.


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

`mKw c≠v

Ckvemw H∂v

Ckvemw ]T-\-Øn\v Hcp apJ-hpc c≠v

ssZhw aq∂v

shfn- ] mSv \mev

]c-temIw A©v

Ckvem-anI Pohn-X-]-≤Xn Bdv

ImcpWyw


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

H∂v

Ckvemw]T-\-Øn\v Hcp apJ-hpc Ckvemw Hcp hnhmZ hnj-b-am-Wn∂v; C¥y-bnepw ]pd-Øpw. C¥ybn¬ lnµpXz h¿Ko-b-hm-Zn-Ifpw C¥y°p ]pdØv apX-em-fnØ km{amPy-Ø-i-‡n-I-fp-am-Wv Cu hnhm-Z-Øn\p ]n∂n¬. lnµpXz h¿Kob hmZn-If - psS C‘\w apkvenw hntcm-[a - m-Wv. apX-em-fnØ km{am-PyØw t\cn-Sp∂ G‰hpw henb `ojWn Ckvem-am-sW-∂mWv Ata-cn-°-bpsS Is≠-ج. Iayq-Wn-k-Øns‚ ZuXyw Ckvemw Gs‰-Sp-Øn-´p-≠v t]m¬. Ckvem-ans\ c≠v Xc-Øn¬ Ch¿ t\cn-Sp-∂p˛ Imbn-I-ambpw _u≤n-I-am-bpw. BZy-tØ-Xn¬ Ah¿ hnP-bn-°p-∂p-≠v. c≠m-a-tØXn¬ Ah-cpsS i{Xp-hpw. {]Xn-tbm-Kn-I-fpsS _p≤n Ckvem-ans\ icnsh-°p-∂p. Iogm-f-cpsS Bibw taem-f-sc Bth-in-°pI! Cu AZv`pX-Øn\v Ckvemw apºpw hnt[-b-am-bn-´p-≠v. Xm¿Øm-cn-Iƒ apkvenwtemIw B{I-an®p Iog-S° - n-bt- ∏m-gm-bn-cp∂p AXv. ]cm-Pn-Xc - psS BZ¿iamWv A∂v Ah¿ kzoI-cn-®-Xv. apkvenw-I-fpsS icocw Xm¿Øm-cnIƒ°pw Xm¿Øm-cn-I-fpsS _p≤n apkvenw-Iƒ°pw Iogvs∏-´p. temIN-cn-{X-Øn¬ CXn\v thsd DZm-l-c-W-an-√. Ckvem-ans‚ hyXn-cn-‡X Chn-sS-\n∂v Bcw-`n-°p-∂p. aX-sØ-∏-‰nbp≈ ]c-º-cm-KX [mc-W-I-sf√mw Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn®m-Ip-tºmƒ sX‰p-∂p. aX-sa∂v tIƒ°p∂ am{X-bn¬ \mw a\- n-em°p∂ Xc-Øn-ep≈ Hcp aX-a√ Ckvemw. \nL≠phnen-√mØ A¿YØn-ep-≈Xv Hcp aX-am-W-Xv. aXm-XoX aX-sa-s∂ms° Nne alm-a-\ojn-Iƒ AXns\ hntijn-∏n-®Xv AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv. apkvenw Pohn-XØns‚ D]-cn-X-e-Øn¬ \n∂v Cu khn-ti-jX a\- n-em-hn-√. F∂m¬ Bg-ß-fn-te°v Cd-ßn-s®-∂m¬ Xo¿®-bmbpw a\- n-emIpw; C∂sØ apkvenw Pohn-X-Øn¬\n∂v t]mepw a\- n-em-Ipw. a‰p aX kaq-l-ßfn-en-√m-Ø-hn[w apkvenw-I-fpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ Ah-cpsS aXw CS-s]Sp-∂p. AXv Bcm-[-\m-e-b-Øn¬ NS-™n-cn-°p-I-b-√, P\-a-[y-Øn-endßn PohnXw \nb-{¥n-°p-I-bm-Wv. Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn® Kuc-h-X-c-amb


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w GXv ]T\hpw Cu [mc-W-tbmsS thWw. aX-Øns‚ k¶p-NnX ]cnt{]-£y-Øn-eqsS Ckvem-ans\ ImWm≥ Ign-bn-√. Pohn-X-Øns‚ apgp]-cn-t{]-£y-Øn-eqsS thWw AXns\ t\m°p-I.10 Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°m-s\m-cp-ßp-∂-h¿ ap≥[m-c-W-Ifpw am‰nsh-t°-≠X - p-≠v. kXy-k‘ - X - s - Im≠pw bp‡n-`{- Z-Xs - Im≠pw sXfn™ _p≤nt° Ckvem-ans‚ i‡nbpw kuµ-cyhpw a\- n-em-Iq. sI´p-IY-Iƒ tI´v sI´p-t]mb _p≤n°v Ckvem-ans\ ]Tn-°m-\m-hn-√. XmPval-ene√ Ckvem-ans‚ kuµ-cyw. sNt¶m-´-bn-e√ AXns‚ i‡n. APvao¿ ico-^n-e√ AXns‚ `‡n. IpØ-_van-\m-dn-e√ AXns‚ Hu∂Xyw. apl-ΩZv Kkv\n-b√ Ckvem-ans‚ ]S-\m-b-I≥. apKƒ `c-W-a√ Ckvem-ans‚ `c-Ww. CsXms° Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°m-s\m-cpßp∂ Hcp C¥y-°m-c≥ Adn-™n-cn-t°≠ {]mY-anI ]mT-߃. ]mXncn-am¿ ]Tn-∏n® A]-k¿∏I IY-Ifpw Ipcniv bp≤-ß-fpsS \ndw ]nSn∏n® Hm¿a-Ifpw am‰n-sh-®p-sIm-≠-√msX Hcp ]m›m-Xy\v Ckvem-ans\ kXy-k‘ - a - mbn kao-]n-°m-\m-hn-√. F¥n\v IqSpX¬ ]d-bp-∂p, C¥ymhn-`-P-\-Øn¬ t]mepw Ckvem-an-√; tasºm-Sn-°p-t]m-epw. sNKm-bn¬ AWp-t_mw_v s]m´p-tºmƒ Ckvem-an\p tcmam-©-an-√. s]m{Im-\nse -kvt^m-S\w tI´v AXv Ipep-ßp-∂n-√. Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°p∂ F{X t]¿°v CsXms° Adnbmw? Hcp sIm®p Ip´n-bpsS \njvI-f-¶X-tbmsS Ckvem-ans\ kao-]n°pI. Ffp-∏-am-bn-cn-°n√ CXv. ]t£, CX-√msX Ckvem-ans\ a\- n-em-°m≥ C∂v thsd hgn-bn-√. A¤p-X-I-c-am-bn-´p≈ Hcp Imcyw, Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn®v C∂v \SØ-s∏-Sp∂ N¿®-I-fn¬ AXns‚ ASn-ÿm\ kn-≤m-¥-߃ Xosc IS∂p-h-cp-∂n-√ F∂-Xm-Wv. ka-Im-enI cmjv{Sob kmaq-lnI {]iv-\-ßfn¬ N¿® DS-°n-\n¬°p-∂p. CXn\v Hcp ]cn[n hsc apkvenw kaq-lhpw DØ-ch - m-Zn-bmWv. Ckvem-ans‚ ASn-ÿm\ Bi-bß - f - n-te°v N¿® Xncn®p hnSp-∂-Xn¬ Ahcpw ]cm-P-b-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. i{Xp-°ƒ \n›bn-°p∂ AP-≠-bn¬\n∂v ]pd-Øp-I-S-°m≥ Ah¿°v km[n-°p-∂n√. ASn-ÿm-\-ßsf kv]¿in-°mØ N¿®bpw ]T-\hpw hy¿Y-am-Wv.

c≠v

ssZhw Ckvem-anI Z¿i-\-Øn-s‚bpw Pohn-X-{I-a-Øn-s‚bpw ASn-ÿm-\߃ aq∂m-Wv. ssZhsØ kw_-‘n® Ckvem-ans‚ ImgvN-∏m-SmWv CXn¬ {]Y-ahpw {][m-\-hpw. "em Ceml C√-√mlp' F∂ Ad_n hmIyw Ckvem-ans‚ ssZh-k¶ - ev]w IrXy-ambn hy‡-am-°p-∂p. "ssZha-√msX thsd ssZh-an√', "A√m-lp-h-√msX thsd ssZh-an√' Fs∂ms°-bp≈ AXns‚ `mjm-¥-co-I-c-W-Øn\v i‡n-t]m-cm. AXn\m¬


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w Ckvem-ans‚ aqe-in-esb \n¿h-Nn-°p∂ Cu Ad_n hmIyw Aev]w hni-Zo-I-c-W-a¿ln-°p-∂p. "A√mlp' F∂ ]Z-Øn\v Hcp `mj-bnepw Xpey-amb ]Z-an-√. ssZh-Øns‚ F√m KpW-ßfpw Dƒs°m-≈m≥ am{Xap≈ kmc-k-ºq¿WX Cu ]Z-Øn-\p-≠v. Bcm-[y≥, ]c-am-[n-Im-cn, {]]-©-Øns‚ {kjvSm-hv, \nb-¥mhv, \ncp-]m-[nIw A\p-k-cn-°-s∏tS-≠-h≥ XpSßn ssZhw Fs¥-√m-amtWm AsX√mw Cu ]Zw [z\n∏n-°p-∂p. "Cemln's‚ Hcp KpWhpw thsd B¿°p-an-√, Ah-sb√mw A√m-lphn\p am{Xta D≈q F∂-XmWv "em Ceml C√-√mlp' F∂ hmIy-Øns‚ cXv\-®p-cp-°w. Ckvem-an-I-ho-£-W-a-\p-k-cn®v ssZhw {]]-©-Øns‚ {kjvSmhv am{X-a√ ]c-am-[n-Imcn IqSn-bm-Wv. Bcm-[y≥ am{X-a√ Pohn-X-Øns‚ F√m taJ-e-I-fnepw A\p-k-cn-°-s∏-tS-≠-h-\p-am-Wv. {]]-©-Ønse apgp-h≥ hkvXp-°fpw ssZhsØ A\p-k-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. A\p-k-cWw {]]-©-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm\ kz`m-h-am-Wv. A\p-k-c-W-Øn-emWv AXns‚ \ne-\n¬]v. A\p-kc - Ww a\p-jy-s‚bpw KpW-am-Wv. F∂m¬ [n°cn-°m-\p≈ kzmX{¥yw IqSn Pohn-X-Øns‚ Nne {]tXyI taJ-e-Ifn¬ Ah\v \evIn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. CXv Htc kabw Ahs‚ al-Xzhpw A[-a-Øhpw hnfw-_cw sNøp-∂p. kzmX{¥yw Ahs‚ al-Xzhpw B kzmX{¥yw Zpcp-]-tbmKw sNbvXp-sIm-≠p≈ [n°mcw Ahs‚ A[a-Xzhpw kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. kzmX{¥yw \evI-s∏´ taJ-e-I-fn¬ k¿hmfl\m ssZhsØ A\p-k-cn-°p-∂-Xns‚ t]cmWv Ckvemw. A\p-kcWw F∂mWv "Ckvemw' F∂ ]Z-Øns‚ A¿Yw. PohnXw apgp-h≥, acWw t]mepw ssZh-Øn\v ka¿∏n-°m-\mWv Ckvemw Bh-iy-s∏-Sp∂-Xv. F∂p-sh-®m¬ ]≈nbpw ]m¿e-sa‚pw ssZh-Øn\v hg-ßW - s - a∂v; Bcm-[-\bpw A[zm-\hpw ssZh-Øn\p th≠n-bm-bn-cn-°-W-sa-∂v. GI-ssZ-hk - ¶ - e - v]a - mWv Ckvem-an-t‚-sX∂ kmam-\y-⁄m\w F√mh¿°p-ap-≠v. F∂m¬ CXns‚ s]mcp-f-dn-bp-∂-h¿ hnc-fw. ssZh-Øns‚ Hcp khn-ti-jX - bpw as‰m-∂n\v AwKo-Ic - n-®p-sIm-Sp-°m-Xn-cn-°pI F∂XmWv GI-ssZh hnizm-k-Øns‚ s]mcpƒ. AXm-bXv ]c-am-[n-Imcn thsd-bn-√, Bcm-[y≥ thsd-bn-√, A\p-k-cn-°-s∏-tS-≠-h≥ thsd-bn√. F√mw A√m-lp. A√mlp am{Xw. A√mlp GIm-[n-]-Xn-bm-Wv, Xo¿®-bmbpw. Ah≥ k¿hm-[n-]-Xnbpw k¿h-i-‡-\p-amWv \n w-ibw. Ahs‚ Adnhpw A\p-hm-Zhpw C√msX Hcp Ce-t]mepw s]mgnbp-∂n-√. cl-kyhpw ]c-kyhpw Ah≥ Adn-bp-∂p. `qXhpw `mhnbpw Ah≥ Adn-bp-∂p. F¥p-sIm≠v Cßs\? DØcw efn-Xw-˛-hm-kvXhw CXmWv! ssZhw Bcp-sSbpw krjvSn-b-√. Ah≥ F√m-‰n-s‚bpw {kjvSm-hm-Wv. kwlm-c-I-\pw. {]hm-N-I-t\mSv ssZhw {]Jym-]n-°m-\mh-iy-s∏-´Xv Cßs\: ""]d-bp-I, Ah≥ ssZhw. GI≥. Bscbpw B{ibn-°m-Ø-h≥. F√m-hcpw B{i-bn-°p-∂-h≥. Ah\p k¥m-\-ß-fn-√.


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w Ah≥ Bcp-sSbpw k¥-Xn-bp-a-√. Ah≥ AXp-ey≥.'' ssZhw FhnsS F∂v tNmZn-®-h-tcmSv Ah≥ Bh-iy-s∏-´Xv {]]©-Øn-te°v t\m°m-\m-Wv.11 {]]©w AXns‚ \mYs\ kZm \an-®psIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. IÆp-≈-h¿s°√mw CXv ImWm≥ Ign-bpw. _p≤nbp-≈h - ¿s°√mw a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bpw. ssZh-\n-tj-[n-Iƒ°pw IÆp≠v, ]t£, AXv D]-tbm-Kn®v Ah¿ t\m°p-∂n-√. Ah¿°v _p≤n-bpap-≠v, ]t£, Ah¿ Nn¥n-°p-∂n-√.12 ssZh-Øns‚ GI-Xz-Øn\pw ]c-am-[n-Im-c-Øn\pw Hcp adp-h-i-ap≠v. a\p-jy¿°n-S-bn¬ ssZh-an√ F∂v. ssZh-Øns‚ KpW-߃ a\pjy≥ Ah-Im-i-s∏-Smt\m Ah-\n¬ Btcm-]n-°mt\m ]mSn-√. ssZhw Na-bp-∂-h¿ kl-Xm-]-a¿ln-°p-∂p. ]cn-lm-kycpw ]m]n-I-fp-am-Im-\mWt√m Ah-cpsS hn[n. ZnhyXzw Btcm-]n-°-s∏-Sp∂ a‰p hkvXp-°fpsS Ahÿ CXn-s\-°mƒ ]cn-Xm-]-I-cw. Ckvem-ans‚ ssZh-imkv{Xw Htc kabw ssZh-Øns‚ ]c-am-[nIm-chpw a\p-jys‚ hntam-N-\hpw DZvtLm-jn-°p-∂p. ssZhw ]c-am-[nIm-cn. a\p-jy-sc√mw Ahs‚ Zmk≥am¿. Ah¿°n-S-bn¬ ASn-abpw DS-a-bp-an-√. F√m-hcpw Xpey¿, No¿∏ns‚ ]√p-Iƒ t]mse.13 ASn-aØ-Øns‚ ASn-th-cp-d-°p∂p Cu Z¿i-\w. ssZhw Ign-™m¬ a\pjy≥. a\p-jy\p _‘w t\sc ssZh-hp-am-bn. Cu kn≤m-¥-Øns‚ {]-Xym-LmXw Kpcp-X-c-am-Wv. cmPmhpw ]ptcm-ln-X\pw apX-em-fnØ Zpjv{]-`p-°≥amcpw AXns‚ Cc-I-fm-Wv. kmaq-ly-t{Zm-ln-Ifpw kzm¿Yw`-cn-Ifpw AXv CjvS-s∏-Sn-√. Imc-Ww, Ah-sc√mw ssZhw Na-™-h-cmWv.

aq∂v

shfn-]mSv shfn-]m-Sn-ep≈ hnizm-k-amWv Ckvem-ans‚ c≠m-asØ ASn-ÿm\w. Adn-hns‚ G‰hpw {][m-\-s∏´ Dd-hn-S-amWv shfn-]m-Sv˛ Znhy-t_m[-\w. G‰hpw B[n-Im-cn-I-amb Dd-hn-Shpw AXv Xs∂. ]t©-{µn-bß-fpsS ]cn-anXn t`Zn-°m≥ a\p-jys\ klm-bn-®Xv shfn-]m-Sm-Wv. AXn-`u-Xn-I-⁄m-\-am-Wv AXn-eqsS \ap°v e`n-®-Xv. shfn-]mSv \evIm≥th≠n a\p-jy-cn¬\n∂v ssZhw {]tXyIw sXc-s™-SpØ alm-a-\o-jn-I-fmWv {]hm-N-I≥am¿. {]hm-N-I-irw-J-e-bn¬ BZy-IÆn BZapw Ah-km-\-tØXv apl-Ω-Zp-am-Wv. apl-Ω-Zn\p tijw {]hm-NI≥am¿ h∂n-´n-√. a\p-jys‚ {]Xn-`bpw \mK-cn-I-Xbpw ]q¿W-h-f¿®bpsS L´-Øn-te°v {]th-in-®-t∏mƒ {]hm-N-I-\n-tbmKw Ah-km-\n∏n-°p-Ibpw apl-Ω-Zns‚ ktµiw temIm¥yw hsc \ne-\n¿Øp-sa∂v {]Jym-]n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp ssZhw. apl-Ω-Zns‚ ktµiw Xo¿Øpw ]pXnbX√. BZw apX¬ tbip hsc {]t_m-[\w sNbvX Znhy-k-tµ-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w i-Øns‚ XpS¿®bpw hf¿®-bp-am-W-Xv. ap≥{]-hm-N-I≥am-cpsS A[ym]-\-ßsf AXv icn-sh-®p. F∂m¬ AXn¬ a\p-jy-_p≤n Iq´nt®¿ØXv Xncp-Øp-Ibpw sNbvXp. apl-ΩZv ssZh-a-√. ssZh-Øns‚ {]Xn-\n-[n-bp-a-√, ZqX≥am-{Xw. At±lw a\p-jy-\m-Wv. a\p-jy¿°v ktµiw \evIm≥ th≠n ssZhw Ah-cn¬\n∂v sXc-s™-SpØ {]tXyI a\p-jy≥. Xs‚ ]Z-hn-°-\pk-cn® Pohn-X-amWv At±lw \bn-®-Xv. At±lw tIhe ssk≤m-¥nI-\m-bn-cp-∂n-√. {]tbm-‡m-hp-Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ckvem-ans‚ Pohn-°p∂ amXr-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Bcm-[-\m-e-b-Øns‚ AI-Ø-f-Øn-en-cp∂v A\pbm-bn-I-tfmSv B⁄m-]n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂n√ At±-lw. Pohn-X-Øns‚ \Sp-ap-‰Ø - mWv At±lw \ne-bp-d∏ - n-®X - v. I®-hS- Ø - n¬, Irjn-bn¬, ]≈nbn¬, ]m¿e-sa‚n¬, bp≤-°-f-Øn¬t]mepw At±lw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ssZh-Øns‚ shfn-]m-S-\p-k-cn-®mWv At±lw Pohn-®-Xv. ssZhw apl-Ω-Zns\ Adn-bn® shfn-]m-Sp-I-fmWv Jp¿-Bs‚ D≈-S°w. Jp¿-B≥ apl-Ω-Zns‚ hN-\-ß-f√; ssZh-Øns‚ hN-\-߃. ssZh-h-N-\-ß-fpsS hni-Zo-I-c-W-amWv apl-Ω-Zns‚ Pohn-Xw; apl-ΩZns‚ hm°pw {]hr-Øn-bpw. Chbpw t{ImUo-I-cn-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. CXns\ lZokv F∂v hnfn-°p-∂p. Ckvem-ans‚ ZznXob {]am-W-amWv lZokv. BZy-tØXv Jp¿-B≥. Jp¿-B\pw lZo-kp-amWv Ckvem-ans‚ B[nIm-cnI tcJ. Jp¿-B\pw lZokpw ]Tn-°msX Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn-®p-≈- ]-T\w ]q¿Øn-bm-hn-√. Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°p∂-h¿ Ch c≠pw ]Tn°m-dn√ F∂Xv C∂v ]cs° ImW-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp \yq\-Xb - m-Wv. sk°‚dn tkmgvkp-I-fmWv A[n-I-t]cpw B{i-bn-°p-∂-Xv. Ckvem-an-s\-∏-‰nbp≈ ]pkvX-I-߃ Hcn-°epw Jp¿-B-\n\pw lZo-kn\pw ]I-c-am-hn√. ssZhw a\p-jy-t\mSv t\cn´v kwh-Zn-°p-∂Xv Jp¿-B-\n-eq-sS-bm-Wv. ssZhsØ tIƒ°-W-sa-¶n¬ Jp¿-B≥ hmbn-°-Ww. {]hm-N-Is\ t\cn´v tIƒ°-W-sa-¶n¬ lZokv hmbn-°-Ww. Ad_n `mj-bn-ep≈ ]cn-⁄m-\-°pd-hmWv t\cn-´p≈ hmb-\°p A[nI t]¿°pw XS- w. Ad_n `mj ]Tn-®p-sIm≠v Nne¿ Cu XS w \o°m≥ {ian-®n-´p-≠v. Ah¿°v sk°‚dn tkmgvkp-I-fpsS ]cn-an-Xn-Iƒ t_m[y-am-hp-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p≠v. A[n-I-t]cpw ]cn-`m-j-I-fpsS klmbw tXSp-∂p. ]cn`m-j-Iƒ°v [mcmfw ]cn-an-Xn-I-fp-≠v. F∂mepw Ckvem-an-s\-∏‰n FgpX-s∏-Sp∂ ]pkvX-I-ß-sf-°mƒ sa®w Ah-bv°p-≠v. Ckvem-an-s\-°pdn-®p≈ ]pkvX-I-߃ hmbn-t°≠ F∂√; Jp¿-B\pw lZo-kp-amWv {][m\w F∂v kqNn-∏n-®Xm-Wv. Jp¿-B≥ hmbn-°p-I, km[n-°p-sa¶n¬ Ad-_n-bn¬ t\cn-´v. Jp¿-Bs‚ Bflm¿Y-X A-t∏mƒ t_m[yam-Ipw. Bflm¿Y-XbmWv Jp¿Bs‚ khn-tij KpW-sa∂v tXmakv Im¿sse¬ ]d-™n-´p-≠v.14 Hcp {]mh-iy-sa-¶nepw Jp¿-B≥ hmbn-°p-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w I, ]cn-`m-j-sb-¶nepw. Jp¿-B≥ Hcp Akm-[m-cW {KŸ-am-Wv.15 XpS-°tam HSp-°tam {Iam-\p-K-X-amb Btcm-l-Wm-h-tcm-l-Wtam AXn¬ A\p-`-h-s∏-Sn-√. CXn\v apºv Cßs\ Hcp {KŸw \n߃ hmbn-®n-´p-≠m-hn-√. Jp¿B≥ hmbn®p XpS-ßp-tºmƒ BZyw \ockw tXm∂p-sa∂v P¿a≥ Ihnbpw Zm¿i-\n-I-\p-amb sKtY A`n-{]m-b-s∏-´-Xn¬ Aev]w icn-bp≠v. F∂m¬ "apt∂m´v t]mIp-tºmƒ' At±lw ]d-bp-∂p, ""AXv \sΩ BI¿jn-°pw. AXn-i-bn-∏n-°pw. Ah-km\w \ΩpsS BZ-chv ]nSn-®p]-‰pw. hnj-b-Øns‚ kz`m-h-a-\p-k-cn®v AXns‚ ssien Kuc-ham¿∂Xpw `oXn-P-\-I-hp-am-Ipw. AXv BZy¥w DZm-Øhpw at\m-l-chp-am-Wv. AXn-\m¬ Cu {K-Ÿw F∂pw kzm[o\w sNep-Øn-s°m-≠ncn-°pw.''16 Jp¿-B-\nse Hmtcm hmIyhpw A\p-]-ahpw Akm-[m-c-Whp-am-Wv. tdmbvÃ≥ ss]Ins‚ \nco-£Ww Cßs\: Jp¿-B≥ Hcp AZv`p-X-am-Wv. AZv`p-X-ß-fpsS AZv`pXw!17 Jp¿-B-s\-t∏mse Bi-b-k-º-∂hpw hiy-a-t\m-l-c-hp-amWv \_nh-N-\-ß-fpw. \_n-h-N-\-ß-fn¬ \n∂mWv Xm≥ Ckvemw ]Tn-®-sX∂v {]i-kvX Fgp-Øp-Im-c≥ k°-dnb Hcn-°¬ ]d-™p. aq{Xw Hgn-°p∂Xv apX¬ \S-Øhpw Ccn-Øhpw Fß-s\-bm-bn-cn-°-W-sa∂v hsc lZo-kp-Iƒ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p-s≠∂v At±lw AZv`pXw Iqdp-∂p. a\p-jys‚ Pohm-ar-X-amWv Jp¿-B\pw lZo-kpw.18 Ch ]m\w-sNømsX Bflm-hns‚ Zmlw ian-°n-√, Xo¿®. Imcp-Wy-Øns‚ i‡amb ASn-sbm-gp-°mWv Jp¿-B\pw lZokpw hmbn-°p-tºmƒ A\p-`h-s∏-Sp-I.

\mev

]c-temIw ac-Wm-\-¥c Pohn-X-Øn-ep≈ hnizm-k-amWv Ckvem-ans‚ aq∂masØ ASn-ÿm-\w. acWw F∂pw a\p-jys\ Atem-k-c-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn´p≈ hnj-b-am-Wv. ac-W-tijw F¥v F∂-Xn-s\-∏‰n aq∂v {][m\ hnizm-k-߃ P\-߃°n-S-bn-ep-≠v. ac-W-tØmsS PohnXw Ah-km\n-®p, ]n∂oSv Hcp PohnXw Cu temItØm thsd GsX-¶nepw temItØm C√ F∂-XmWv Ch-bn¬ H∂m-a-tØXv. a\p-jy≥ Ahs‚ I¿a-^e - a - \ - p-kc - n®v ]p\¿P-\n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂mWv c≠m-asØ hnizm-kw. a\p-jy≥ am{X-a√ Cu temIw Xs∂ Hcn-°¬ ]q¿W-ambn \in-°p-sa∂pw A\-¥cw F√m-hcpw ssZh-k-∂n-[n-bn¬ ]p\-cp-÷ohn-∏n°-s∏-Sp-sa∂pw AhnsS Ah-cpsS Cl-tem-I-Po-hnXw hnNm-c-WsN-ø-s∏-Sp-sa∂pw kpIr-X-hm≥am¿°v kz¿K-Po-hn-Xhpw ]m]n-Iƒ°v \c-I-Po-hn-Xhpw hn[n-°-s∏-Sp-sa-∂p-amWv aq∂m-asØ hnizm-kw.19 CXv Ckvem-ans‚ hnizm-kw. F√m {]hm-NI - ≥amcpw {]N-cn-∏n® hnizm-khpw


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w CXp-X-s∂. Cu aq∂v hnizm-k-ßfpw imkv{Xo-b-ambn sXfn-bn-°-s∏-´n-´n-√. acWm-\¥ - c - P - o-hnXw C∂p-hsc imkv{X-Øns‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬ h∂n-´n√ F∂XmWv CXn\v Imc-Ww. imkv{X-Øns‚ At\Iw t]mcm-bva-I-fn¬ H∂mWv CXpw. Ch aq∂pw bp‡n-bpsS shfn-®-Øn¬ hni-Zo-I-cn-°m\p≈ {ia-߃ \S-∂n-´p-≠v. ac-W-s∏-´-h-cmcpw Xncn-®p-h-∂n-´n-√, AXn-\m¬ ac-Wm-\-¥cw Hcp Pohn-X-an√ F∂mWv H∂m-asØ hn`m-K-Øns‚ bp‡n-Nn-¥. ac-Wm-\¥cw Hcp Pohn-X-an√ F∂ \nK-a-\-Øn-se-Øm≥ am{Xw bp‡n Cu Nn¥-bn-en-s√-∂mWv a‰p c≠v hn`m-K-°m¿ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. acn-®p-t]m-b-h¿ Bcpw Xncn-®p-h-cm-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v ac-Wm-\-¥cw H∂p-an√ F∂ Xocp-am\-Øn-se-Øm≥ Ign-bn-√. acn-®p-t]m-b-h¿ Xncn-®p-h-cm-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v acWm-\-¥-c-Po-hn-X-sØ-∏‰n Fs¥-¶nepw ]d-bm≥ \ap°v Ign-bn√ F∂v am{Xta AXv kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p-≈. ac-Wm-\¥ - c - P - o-hn-XsØ \ntj-[n-°m≥ am{Xw i‡n Cu bp‡n-Nn-¥° - n-√. Pohn-XØ - ns‚ £W-`w-Kp-cX - bv°pw A]q¿W-Xbv°pw Xr]vXn-Ic - a - mb hni-Zo-Ic - Ww \evIm\pw Cu ho£mK-Xn-°m¿°v Ign-bp-∂n-√. bp‡n-bpsS `mKØv \n∂v hf-sc-b-[nIw tNmZyw sNø-s∏-´n-´p≈ ho£-W-amWv c≠m-a-tØ-Xv˛ ]p\¿P≥a ho£Ww. a\p-jy≥ Ahs‚ I¿a-^-e-a-\p-k-cn®v DXvIr-jvSt\m \nIrjvSt\m Bbn ]p\¿P-\n-®psIm-≠n-cn-°p-sa-∂mWv Cu ho£-W-°m¿ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. I¿a-^ew A\p`-hn-°-W-sa∂ bp‡n Xo¿®-bmbpw Cu ho£-W-Øn¬ A¥¿eo-\am-Wv. F∂m¬ aq∂v {][m\ t]mcm-bva-Iƒ Cu ho£-W-Øn-\p-≠v. H∂v: krjvSn BZn-bn¬ F¥m-bn-cp∂p F∂p hni-Zo-Ic - n-°m\p≈ {]bmkw. c≠v: I¿a-^ew A\p-`-hn-°p-∂-h\v Xs‚ ap÷≥a-sØ-°p-dn®v Hcp [mc-W-bp-an√ F∂ bmYm¿Yyw. sXs‰m∂pw sNømsX in£n-°s∏-Sp-∂-h-s\-t∏m-se-bm-W-h≥. As√-¶n¬, kpIr-X-sam∂pw sNømsX A\p-{K-ln-°-s∏-´-h-s\-t∏m-se. ap÷≥a-Øn¬ Xm≥ Bcm-bn-cp∂p F∂-dn-bmsX Cu P≥a-sa-ßs\ in£tbm ]mcn-tXm-jn-Itam BIpw? aq∂m-asØ \yq\X IqSp-X¬ A]-I-S-I-c-am-Wv. Pohn-X-Øns‚ Xmsg X´n-ep-≈-h-t\m-Sv, "CXv ap÷≥a-Øns‚ ]m]-^-e-am-Wv, kt¥m-jtØmsS A\p-`-hn-®p-sIm-≈pI' F∂mWv Cu ho£-W-Øns‚ Blzm\w. Db¿∂ X´n-encn-°p-∂-hs\ \ymbo-I-cn-°p-I-bmWv CXns‚ adp-hiw. D®-\o-N-Xz-߃ \oXn-a-Xv°-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂p Chn-sS. bp‡n-Nn-¥sb am{X-a√ kmam-\y-\o-Xn-sb-t∏mepw Cu ho£Ww tNmZyw sNøp-∂p. Pohn-X-Øns‚ £W-`w-Kp-c-Xbv°pw A]q¿W-Xbv°pw Xr]vXn-Ic-amb hni-Zo-I-c-W-amWv aq∂m-asØ ho£-Ww˛ PohnXw ac-W-tØmSp-IqSn Ah-km-\n-°p-∂n-√; Cl-tem-I-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ \njvIr-jvS-amb hnNm-c-W-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ ]c-tem-IØv AXv XpS-cpw. acn-®-h-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w cmcpw Xncn-®p-h-cp-∂n-√; temIw CXp-hsc Ah-km-\n-®n√ F∂sXm∂pw ac-Wm-\-¥cw H∂pw kw`-hn-°m≥ t]mIp-∂n√ F∂-Xn\v sXfn-hm-Ip-∂n-√. Cl-tem-I-Øns‚ k¿h-\m-ihpw ]c-tem-I-Po-hnXhpw kw`-hn-°m-\n-cn-°p-t∂-bp-≈q. F¥p-sIm≠v A¥y-Zn\w kw`hn-°p-∂n√ F∂v apl-ΩZv \_n-tbmSpw A∂sØ P\-߃ tNmZn-®ncp-∂p. AXns‚ ka-b-am-Ip-tºmƒ AXv kw`-hn-°p-sa∂v am{X-amWv A∂v ssZhw AXn-t\mSv {]Xn-I-cn-®-Xv.20 acn®v aÆm-b-Xn-\p tijw ]p\-cp-÷o-hn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-I-tbm F∂pw A∂sØ Bfp-Iƒ kwibw {]I-Sn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. C√m-bva-bn¬\n∂v a\p-jys\ krjvSn® ssZh-Øn\v AXv Bh¿Øn-°m≥ {]bm-k-an√ F∂mWv A∂v \evInb kam-[m\w.21 CXn-\-∏pdw bp‡n-t_m-[sØ sR°n-∏n-gn-bm-s\m∂pw ssZhw {ian-®n-´n-√. ]c-temIw kmam-\y-bp-‡n-bpsS tX´-am-b-Xp-sIm-≠mImw CXv. F¥mWv Cu kmam-\y-bp‡n? kpIrXw sNbvX-h\v DNn-Xamb {]Xn-^ew In´-Ww. ]m]w sNbvX-h\v in£-bpw. c≠p-t]-cpsSbpw ]cy-h-km\w Hcpt]mse-bm-bm¬ ]‰n-√. Cl-tem-IØv CXns\m∂pw kwhn-[m-\-an-√. ]c-tem-I-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ A`m-h-Øn¬ Cltem-I-Po-hnXw Xo¿Øpw Akw-_-‘-am-bn-Øo-cpw. temIm-h-km-\-Ø-s∏-‰nbpw ]p\-cp-÷o-h-\-sØ-∏-‰nbpw imkv{Xw ]g-b-t]mse A‘-a√ C∂v. ]pXnb Is≠-Ø-ep-Iƒ Ch-bpsS km[yX-bn-te°p kqN-\I - ƒ \evIn-bn-´p-≠v. \ntj-[sØ Hcp \ne°pw A\pIq-en-°p-∂n√ ]pXnb Is≠-Ø-ep-Iƒ. F∂mepw ac-Wm-¥-c-Po-hnXw imkv{X-Øn\p ]pd-Øp≈ Hcp hnj-b-ambn Ah-ti-jn-°p-I-bm-Wv. hnizm-k-ta-J-e-bn-emWv Ct∏mgpw AXns‚ ÿm\w. CXv ac-Wm-\-¥c Pohn-X-Øns‚ am{Xw {]iv\-a√; ssZh-hn-izmkw t]mepw Hc¿Y-Øn¬ Aß-s\-bm-Wv. imkv{X-Øns‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬ hcp-∂n√ ssZh-hpw. CsXms° Cß-s\-X-s∂-bmWv th≠Xv F∂-XmWv CXns‚ bp‡n-k-l-amb adp-h-iw. Nn¥-bp-sSbpw At\z-j-W-Øn-s‚bpw am\-h-]p-tcm-K-Xnbp-sSbpw \nan-Øß - f - mbn Cu \nKq-VX - I - ƒ \ne-\n-ev°W - s - a∂v ssZhw Dt±-in-®n-cn-°-Ww. AXpsIm≠v AXn-`u-Xn-I-ta-J-e-bn-emWv Cu hnjb-ß-fpsS ÿm\w. AXn-`u-Xn-I-⁄m\w ssZh-Øn\p am{Xta D≈q. imkv{X-Øn-s‚tbm bp‡n-Nn-¥-bp-sStbm ]cn-[n-bn¬ hcp-∂n√ AXv.22

A©v

Ckvem-anI Poh-X-]-≤Xn At∏mƒ ssZhw, {]hm-N-I≥, ]c-temIw Ch-bmWv Ckvem-an-IZ¿i-\-Øns‚ aqe-in-e-Iƒ. Chsb ASn-ÿm-\-am°n _rl-Ømb Hcp Pohn-X-]-≤-Xn-bpw Ckvemw cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. AXv hni-Zo-I-cn-°pI ChnsS kwK-X-a√; {][m-\-k-hn-ti-j-X-I-fn-te°v Hcp FØn-t\m´w


am{Xw. Bflo-b-X-sbbpw `uXn-I-X-sbbpw ka-\z-bn-∏n-°p∂p F∂-XmWv Ckvem-anI Pohn-X-hy-h-ÿn-Xn-bpsS G‰hpw henb {]tXy-I-X. Hcp ]t£, temIØv Ckvem-an\p am{Xw Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm-hp∂ Hcp khnti-j-X-bm-bn-cn°pw CsX∂v tXm∂p-∂p. a‰p Z¿i-\-߃ H∂p-In¬ Bflo-b-X-bn-te°v As√-¶n¬ `uXn-I-X-bn-te°v Nm™p InS-°p-∂p. a\p-jys\ Xr]vXn-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ahbv°v Ign-bn-√. ImcWw a\p-jy≥ Hcp Bflo-b-Po-hn-b√; `uXn-I-Po-hn-bp-a-√. Ah∂v Bflmhpw ico-chp-ap-≠v. ka-{Khpw kºq¿W-hp-amWv Ckvem-anI Pohn-X-hy-h-ÿ. Pohn-XØns‚ F√m taJ-e-I-sfbpw AXv kv]¿in-°p-∂p. hy‡n, kaq-lw, Bflo-bw, `uXn-Iw, kmº-Øn-Iw, cmjv{So-bw˛ F√mw. ssZh-Øns‚ ]c-am-[n-Im-c-amWv F√m taJ-e-bnepw Ckvemw DZvtLm-jn-°p-∂-Xv. Ckvem-ans‚ cmjv{So-b-Im-gvN-∏m-S-\p-k-cn®v `c-Wm-[n-Imcn shdpw tkhI-\m-Wv. km[m-cW {]P-Iƒ°n-√mØ B\p-Iq-ey-ßtfm Ah-Im-ißtfm Abmƒ°p-≠m-hn-√. GIm-[n-]-Xytam k¿hm-[n-]-Xytam \ncp]m-[nI P\m-[n-]-Xytam Ckvemw AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂n-√. ssZh-Øns‚ ]c-am-[n-Imcw AwKo-I-cn®v ssZh-I-ev]-\-Iƒ A\p-k-cn®v `cn-°p-∂Xn\p≈ P\-{]m-Xn-\n[y hyh-ÿ-bmWv Ckvem-ans‚ cmjv{S-k-¶-ev]Øn-ep-≈-Xv. CXv Xntbm-{I-kn-bn¬\n∂pw sUtam-{I-kn-bn¬\n∂pw `n∂-am-Wv. Ckvem-anI kº-Zvhy-h-ÿ-bn¬ kzØp-S-a -hy-‡ntbm kaq-ltam cmjv{Stam A√; ssZh-am-Wv.23 kq£n-∏p-Im-cs‚ Npa-X-e-bmWv a\pjy\p \n¿h-ln-°m-\p-≈-Xv. apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn¬\n∂pw tkmjy-en-kØn¬-\n∂pw `n∂-amWv Cu ho£-Ww. hy‡n-bpsS kmº-ØnI kzmX{¥yw Ckvemw XS-™n-´n-√. F∂m¬ AXv kaq-lØ - ns‚ hnime Xmev]-cy-Øn\p FXn-cm-h-cp-sX∂v \njvI¿jn-®n-´p-≠v. kzØn¬ Zcn{Z¿°v {]tXy-I Ah-Im-ihpw \n›-bn-®n-´p-≠v.24 Nqj-W-Øns‚ F√m hgn-Ifpw sIm´n-b-S-®n-´p-≠v. kº-Øns‚ {]tbm-P\w Ah-Im-i-Øn-eqsSbpw A\p-I-º-bn-eq-sSbpw F√m-h¿°pw Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øm≥ CkvemanI kº-Zvhy-hÿbv°v km[n-®n-´p-≠v.25 Ckvem-ans\ G‰hpw P\-{]n-b-am-°n-bXv AXns‚ kmaq-ly-hyhÿ-bm-Wv. a\p-jy-ka - Xzw ]q¿W-amb Af-hn¬ Dd-∏p-hc - p-Øp∂ as‰mcp hyhÿ temI-Øn-√. kºq¿W-k-aXzw Ckvemw hnfw-_cw sNbvXp; \S-∏nem-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. P≥awsIm≠pw h¿Ww-sIm≠pw D®-\oNXzw Iev]n-®p-t]m-cp∂ temIØv Ckvem-anI kaqlw Hcp hnkva-bam-Wv. kº-Øv, hnZym-`ym-kw, A[n-Imcw H∂pw D®-\o-N-Xz-Øn\v ]cnlm-c-am-bn-√. \nb-ahpw AXns‚ apºn¬ tXm‰p. F√m-hcpw tXm‰n-SØv H‰ {]Jym-]\w sIm≠v Ckvemw kaXzw km[n-®p. "a\p-jy-tc, Htc


amXm-]n-Xm-°-fpsS a°-fmWv \n߃.' Ct∏mƒ cmPm-hn\pw ASn-a°pw tXmtfmSv tXmƒ tN¿∂v \nev°m-sa-∂m-bn. cmPmhpw ASn-abpw Xs∂ C√m-Xmbn. c≠p-t]cpw Xpeym-h-Im-i-ß-fp≈ a\p-jy-cm-bn. Hcp Imcyw {]tXyIw Hm¿t°-≠X - p-≠v. Ckvem-ans‚ a‰p aqey-߃°v tim` \jvSs∏-´-t∏mgpw kaXzw Ckvem-anI kaq-l-Øn¬ Pzen®p \n∂p. C∂pw a‰p kap-Zm-b-ß-fpsS Akq-b°v ]m{X-ambn Hcp AZv`pXw t]mse AXv AacwsIm≈p-∂p. h¿Ww, tZiw, `mj, PmXn˛ F√m aXn-ep-Ifpw AXv CSn®p \nc-Øp-∂p. acn-®-hsc t]mepw Ckvemw shdpsX hnSp-∂n-√. I√-d-bpsS Dbcw \nP-s∏-Sp-Øn-°-f™p AXv! kaXzw am{X-a√ Ckvemw e`y-am-°n-b-Xv. ASn-®-a¿Ø-s∏-´-hcpw \ncm-ew-_-cp-amb P\-hn-`m-K-߃°v {]tXyI Ah-Im-i-ßfpw AXv Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øn. kv{XoIƒ, Ip´n-Iƒ, hr≤P-\-߃, tcmKn-Iƒ, Zcn-{Z¿, A\m-YIƒ, A`-bm¿Yn-Iƒ˛ Ch-cpsS ta¬ Ckvemw ImcpWyw sNmcnbp-∂p. IWn-i-am-Wv Ckvem-ans‚ \oXn-\ym-b-hy-h-ÿ. \nb-a-ew-L-\Øn\pw Ip‰-Ir-Xy-Øn-\p-ap≈ kml-Nc - y-߃ Hgn-hm-°p-Ib - mWv CkvemanI \nb-a-߃ \n¿h-ln-°p∂ {][m\ [¿aw. in£n-°p-hm-\-√, in£ Hgn-hm-°m-\mWv Ckvem-an\p Xmev]c - yw. F∂m¬ kml-Nc - y-߃ {]XnIq-e-am-bn-´pw, sX‰v Hgn-hm-°m≥ am¿K-ß-fp-≠m-bn´pw a\x-]q¿hw AXv sNøp-∂h - sc Ckvem-anI \oXn-]oTw in£n-°pI Xs∂ sNøpw. hy‡amb sXfn-hns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ \evI-s∏-Sp∂ Cu in£ amXr-Im]-c-am-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. Ip‰w sNbvX-hs\ in£n-°p-I, \oXn \ntj--[n-°-s∏-´-h\v AXv e`y-am-°pI XpS-ßnb hnj-b-ß-fn-sem∂pw Ckvemw Cfhv A\p-h-Zn-°p-∂n-√. ImcWw AXv kaq-l-Øn\v tZmjw sNøpw. apJw t\m°msX \oXn \S-∏m-°m-\mWv Ckvemw Bh-iy-s∏Sp-∂-Xv. Ckvem-anI hyh-ÿn-Xn-sb-°p-dn-®v, hninjym AXnse \nb-a-ßsf-°p-dn-®v, A[n-I-t]¿°pw Adn-bmØ Hcp hkvXp-X-bp-≠v. CkvemanI hyh-ÿn-Xn-bpsS hnIm-k-£-a-Xbpw \ho-I-c-W-kn-≤n-bp-am-W-Xv. \q‰m-≠p-Iƒ ]g-°-ap≈ Ckvem-anI \nb-a-߃ ]pXnb temI-hp-ambn Fßs\ s]mcp-Ø-s∏-Sp-sa∂v Nn¥n-°p∂ [mcmfw t]cp-≠v. CkvemanI \nb-a-hy-h-ÿ-bpsS \ho-I-cW tijn Adn-bmsX t]mb-XmWv Cu sX‰n-≤m-c-W-bpsS tlXp. Ckvem-anI hyh-ÿn-Xn-bpsS auen-IX-Xz-߃ am{X-amWv ssZhw \n›-bn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Cu auenI XXzß-fn¬ \n∂p-sIm≠v hyh-ÿsb Imtem-Nn-X-ambn hnI-kn-∏n-t°≠ Npa-Xe a\p-jys‚ Kth-jW - _ - p-≤n-°m-Wv. a\p-jy\p e`n® al-Ømb AwKo-Imcw IqSn-bm-Wn-Xv.


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

Bdv

ImcpWyw Imcp- W y- a mWv Ckv e m- a ns‚ Imem- h - ÿ - s b∂v tXm∂p- ∂ p. a™vt]m-se, Nne-t∏mƒ i‡n-bmb ag-t]mse AXv s]bvXn-d-ßp∂p. hni-°p-∂h∂v A∏-ambpw a¿±n-X∂v tamN-\-ambpw A\m-Ybv°v c£n-Xm-hmbpw tcmKn°v km¥z-\-ambpw AXv {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp-∂p. Zmln®p-he - b - p∂ \mb-bpsS hmbnepw hmSn-°c - n-bp∂ ]qs®-Sn-bpsS thcnepw AXv IpSn-\o-sc-Øn-°p-∂p. ITn-\-lr-Z-b-ß-fn¬ t]mepw I\hv ]I¿∂v PohnXw kvt\lm¿{Zam-°p∂p Ckvem-ans‚ Ir]m-Im-cp-Wyw. Zbm-]-c\pw Icp-Wm-a-b-\p-sa-∂mWv ssZhw kzbw hnti-jn-∏n-®Xv. hnip≤ Jp¿-B\ - nse \q‰n-∏X - n-\mev A[ym-bß - f - n¬ \q‰n-∏X - n-aq∂pw Bcw-`n-°p-∂Xv ssZh-Øns‚ Cu khn-ti-jX FSp-Øp-]-d-™p-sIm≠m-Wv. kz¥w knlm-k\ - Ø - n¬ Dt√-J\w sNøm≥ ssZhw sXc-s™SpØ hmIy-an-Xm-Wv˛ "Fs‚ ImcpWyw Fs‚ t{Im[sØ AXn-i-bn°p-∂p.' Xs‚ Imcp-Wy-sØ-s®m√n Hcn-°epw \ncm-i-cm-h-cp-sX-∂mWv Ah≥ a\p-jys\ Adn-bn-®n-cn-°p-∂X - v. ssZhw {]hm-NI - t- \mSv ]d-™Xv Cßs\: "Fs‚ ASna Hcp Nm¨ Ft∂mSv ASp-Øm¬ Hcp apgw Ah-t\mSv Rm≥ ASp°pw. Hcp apgw Ah≥ Ft∂mSv ASp-Øm¬ Hcp amdv Rm≥ Ah-t\m-S-Sp-°pw. Ah≥ F‚-Sp-tØ°v \S-∂p-h-cp-tºmƒ Ah‚-Sp-tØ°v Rm≥ HmSn-s®-√pw.' cm{Xn apgp-h≥ ssZhw ImØn-cn°p-I-bm-Ws{X ]I¬ ]m]w sNbvX-h-cpsS am∏-t]£ kzoI-cn-°m≥. ]Iepw Ah≥ ImØn-cn-°p-I-bm-Ws{X cm{Xn ]m]w sNbvX-h¿°v s]mdpØp sImSp-°m≥. {]hm-NI \ntbm-K-Øns‚ cl-kyhpw Imcp-Wy-a-s{X. kvt\lw, Zb, Imcp-Wyw˛ Ch-bmWv Hcp {]hm-N-Is‚ tNcp-h-Iƒ. P\-ß-fpsS h¿Ø-am-\-Ønepw `mhn-bnepw th]Yp ]q≠v Ahsc k≥am¿K-Ønte°pw t£a-Øn-te°pw \bn-°m≥ ITn-\-{]-bXv\w sNøp∂p ssZhZq-X≥. "Fs‚ P\-ß-tf,' F∂ kvt\l-a-krW-amb hnfn {]hm-N-Is‚ lrZ-b-Øn¬ \n∂mWv hcp-∂-Xv. ]I¬ P\-߃°p-th≠n A[zm-\n°p-Ibpw cm{Xn Ah¿°p-th≠n {]m¿Yn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ alm-a-\kvI-\mWv {]hm-N-I≥. acp-`q-an-bnse \ocpw XW-ep-am-bn, Imcp-WyØns‚ {]Im-i-tKm-]p-c-ambn am\-hN-cn-{XsØ btim-[-\y-am°n aplΩZv \_n. "`qan-bn-ep-≈-h-tcmSv Icp-W-bp-≈-h-cm-Iq, BIm-i-Øp-≈-h≥ \nß-tfmSv Icp-W-bp-≈-h-\m-Ip-'sa∂v At±lw DZvt_m-[n-∏n-®p-sIm-≠ncp-∂p. Hcmƒ Xs‚ kplr-Øn-\p-th≠n tkh-\-Øn-te¿s∏-´n-cn-°ptºmƒ ssZhw Ahs‚ tkh-\Ønte¿s∏-´n-cn-°p-I-bm-Ip-sa-∂mWv At±lw Adn-bn-®-Xv. Zcn-{Zs‚ hni∏v ssZh-Øns‚ hni-∏m-sW∂pw F∂m¬ Dut´-≠Xv ssZh-sØ-b√ hni-°p∂ a\p-jy-s\-bm-sW∂pw {]hm-N-I≥ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p.


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w "F¥mWv \nß-fpsS [\w?' F∂ {]hm-N-Is‚ tNmZyw tI´v, tXm´-ßf - n-te°pw sI´n-Sß - f - n-te°pw ZrjvSn-]m-bn® A\p-Nc - ≥am-tcmSv A-sXm∂pw \nß-fp-tS-X-s√∂pw F¥mtWm \n߃ CXp-hsc Zm\w sNbvXXv AXmWv \nß-fpsS [\-sa∂pw {]hm-N-I≥ {]Xn-h-Nn-°ptºmƒ PohnXw at\m-l-c-amb Hcp Ihn-X-bm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. "BSns\ Adp-Øn´v F¥v sNbvXp' F∂p tNmZn-®-t∏mƒ "F√mw Ab¬hm-knIƒ°v sImSp-Øp. tXmsf√v am{Xta C\n _m°n-bp≈q' F∂v adp]Sn \evInb kz¥w ho´p-Im-tcm-Sv, "tXmsf√v Hgn-®p-≈-sX√mw _m°nbps≠'∂v {]hm-N-I≥ ]d-bp-tºmƒ Cu IhnX Pohn-Xm-\p-`-h-am-bnØo-cp-∂p. Pohn-X-Øns‚ kmbw-k-‘y-bn¬ Ckvem-ans‚ ImcpWyw hr≤P\߃°v km¥z-\-hp-am-sb-Øp-∂p.- hn-ip≤bp≤-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂-Xn-s\-°mƒ al-Ø-c-amWv hr≤-cmb amXm-]n-Xm-°sf ip{iq-jn-°se∂pw Ah-tcmSv \ockw t]mepw {]I-Sn-∏n-°-cp-sX∂pw Imcp-WyØns‚ Nnd-Ip-Iƒ Ah¿°v hnS¿Øn sImSp-°-W-sa∂pw Ckvemw A\p-im-kn-°p-∂p.26 hn[-h-Iƒ°pw A\m-Y-Iƒ°pw A`-bm¿YnIƒ°pw Ckvem-ans‚ ImcpWyw Ah-Im-i-s∏´ A`-b-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. A_-e-I-fpsS _ehpw i_vZ-an-√m-Ø-h-cpsS i_vZ-hp-ambn `qansb Pohn-°m≥ sIm≈m-hp-∂-Xm-°n-Øo¿°p-∂p Ckvemw. ]d-™Xv Ckvem-ans‚ Zm¿i-\n-I-hpw {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-]-c-hp-amb Imcy-߃. Ckvem-ans‚ Ncn-{Xw-˛`- q-Xhpw h¿Ø-am-\h - pw˛ \ΩpsS apºnep-≠v. a\p-jys‚ \mK-cn-I-Xbpw kwkvIm-chpw cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xnepw hnI-kn-∏n-°p-∂-Xnepw Ckvemw hln® ]¶v \ap°v hne-bn-cp-Øm≥ km[n-°pw. AXn\v ChnsS apXn-cp-∂n-√. Ckvemw temI-Øn\v shfn®-am-bXv Fßs\ F∂-Xn\v Ncn-{X-Øns‚ km£y-ap-≠v.


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

`mKw aq∂v

Pam-AsØ Ckveman

H∂v

\thm- ∞ m\

{]ÿm\w

c≠v

XmXznI \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ aq∂v

I¿a-]Yw


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

H∂v

\thm- ∞ m- \ - { ]- ÿ m\w Ckvem-ans\ kw_-‘n® kmam\y hnh-c-W-Øn¬\n∂v Hcp Imcyw hmb-\° - m-c\v a\- n-em-bn-´p-≠m-Ipw. Ckvemw a\p-jys‚ Pohn-XØ - n¬ kPo-ha - mbn CS-s]-Sp-∂p. Hcp kaq-eh - n-πh - {- ]-ÿm-\Ø - ns‚ F√m e£W-ßfpw AXn-\p-≠v. Ne-\m-fl-Ihpw cN-\m-fl-I-hp-amWv AXv Ft∏mgpw. Cu kz`m-h-Øn\v aß-te-‰-t∏m-sg√mw IqSp-X¬ i‡n-tbmsS Ckvem-anI kaqlw AXn-te°v Xncn-®p-h-∂n-´p-≠v. \thm-∞m-\-Øns‚bpw \ho-I-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw aln-X-amb ]mc-ºcyw Ckvem-anI kaql-Øn\v Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm-\p-≠v. ssZhw Xs∂ \n›bn® Hcp kwhn-[m\-am-W-Xv. Nne-t∏mƒ Cu ZuXyw al-Zvhy-‡n-Iƒ \n¿h-ln-°pw; a‰p Nne Ah-k-c-ß-fn¬ kwL-S-\-Ifpw. Pam-AsØ Ckvem-anbpw Cu irwJ-e-bn¬ Hcp IÆn-bm-Wv. Ckvem-ans\ AXns‚ F√m khn-ti-j-X-I-tfm-sSbpw Dƒs°m≠ {]ÿm-\-amWv Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an. Ckvem-ans‚ \≥a-IƒsIm≠v PohnXw {]`m-]q-cn-X-am-°p-I-bmWv AXns‚ e£yw. Ckvem-ans‚ {]t_m-[-\hpw {]Nm-c-Whpw Pam-AsØ Ckveman apJy-Zu-Xy-ambn Gs‰-SpØXv CXn-\p-th-≠n-bm-Wv. Ckvemans‚ F√m e£-W-ßfpw PamAsØ Ckvem-an-°p-≠v. AXv tIhe aX-kw-L-S-\-b-√, cmjv{Sob kwL-S-\-bp-a√. kmwkvIm-cnI kwL-S-\tbm k∂≤ kwL-S-\tbm A√. ]ns∂tbm? CsX√mw IqSn-t®¿∂ H∂v. Pohn-X-Øns‚ k¿h K‘-ßfpw AXn-\p-≠v. 1941 BKkvXv 27-˛-mw-Xn-ø-Xn-bmWv Pam-AsØ Ckveman cq]-h-Xv°cn-°-s∏-´-Xv. Ccp-]Xmw \q‰m-≠nse Ckvem-anI \thm-∞m\ \mb-Icn¬ AZzn-Xo-b-\mb kønZv A_p¬-A-Avem auZq-Zn-bm-bn-cp∂p ÿm]I≥. tImf-\n-hm-gvN-bpsS ^e-ambn Znim-t_m[w \jvS-s∏´ apkvenw kaq-lsØ Ckvem-ans‚ A®p-X≠ - n-te°v Xncn-®p-sIm-≠p-h∂ D÷ze Nn¥-I-cmWv C¥ym D]-`q-J-WvU-Ønse kønZv auZq-Znbpw CuPn-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w ]vXnse lk-\p¬ _∂-bpw. ]c-º-cm-KX aX-Nn-¥-I-fm-bn-cp-∂n√ Chcp-tS-Xv. apkvenw kaq-l-Øns‚ Po¿W-X-Ifpw Ahsc Bth-in® ]m›mXy Z¿i-\-ß-fpsS s]mf-f-Ø-chpw Xpd∂p ImWn-°m≥ am{Xw i‡n kp`I-Xbpw bp‡n-`-{Z-Xbpw Ah-cpsS ]T-\-߃°p-≠m-bn-cp∂p. kmap-Zm-bnI hnIm-c-Øn-\√ Ckvem-anI Nn¥-bv°mWv Ah¿ Xo sImfp-Øn-b-Xv. apkvenw temI-Øn\p am{X-a√ aq∂mw temI-Øn\p s]mXpsh AXv Bth-i-ambn. ]m›mXyNn-¥-bpsS Ic-W-t؉ I\Ø-{]-l-c-am-bn-cp∂p auZq-Zn-bp-sSbpw lk-\p¬_-∂-bp-sSbpw CkvemanI Nn¥-Iƒ. 1928-˛¬ lk-\p¬_∂ CuPn-]vXn¬ cq]-h-Xv°-cn® CJvhm-\p¬ apkven-aq-s\bpw 1941-˛¬ auZqZn Ahn-`‡ C¥y-bn¬ cq]-h-XvI-cn® Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-sbbpw ]m›m-Xy-km-{am-PyØ i‡n-Iƒ i{Xp°-fmbn I≠Xv kzm`m-hn-Iw. apkvenw `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Ifpw Cu {]ÿm\-ß-tfmSv i{Xp-Xm-]-c-amb \ne-]m-SmWv kzoI-cn-®-Xv. apkvenw kap-Zmb-Ønse bmYm-ÿn-Xn-Ic - psS kao-]\ - hpw CXv Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kmapZm-bn-IX - sbbpw h¿Ko-bX - s - bbpw am{X-a√ Ah-tbmSv _‘-s∏´ kmaqlnI Po¿W-XI - s - fbpw Cu {]ÿm-\ß - ƒ FXn¿Øp F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p CXn\v Imc-Ww. apkvenw kaq-lØ - nse A`y-kvXh - n-Zy¿°n-Sb - n¬ am{XamWv Cu {]ÿm-\-߃°v BZy-Im-eØv thtcm´w e`n-®-Xv.

c≠v

XmXzn-I-\n-e-]m-Sp-Iƒ C¥ym D]-`q-J-WvU-Øn¬ kzmX{¥y kacw i‡n-{]m-]n® kab-ØmWv Pam-AsØ Ckveman {]h¿Ø\-am-cw-`n-°p-∂-Xv. hntZ-im[n-]X - ysØ BZ¿i-Øns‚ `mK-sa∂ \nebv°p Xs∂ Pam-AØv \ninX-ambn FXn¿Øp. tZio-b-{]-ÿm-\-Øn-\-IØv hf¿∂p h∂ h¿Kob [mc-I-sfbpw AXv ISpØ `mj-bn¬ hna¿in-®p. apkvenw tZio-bXbv°pw lnµp tZio-b-X-°p-sa-Xnsc Pam-AØv i‡n-bmbn B™-Sn®p. Cu \bw Imc-W-ambn ]m°n-ÿm≥ hmZn-Ifpw lnµp-Xz-hm-Zn-Ifpw Hcpt]mse Pam-AØ - ns‚ i{Xp-°f - mbn. tZio-bX - t- bm-Sp≈ Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS ImgvN-∏mSvt]mepw A∂v sX‰n-≤-cn-°-s∏-´p. F∂m¬ Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS BZ¿i-]-cX a\- n-em-°m≥ P\-߃°v e`n® BZysØ Ah-kcw IqSn-bmbn AXv. tZio-bX, atX-X-c-Xzw, P\m-[n-]Xyw F∂o aq∂p XØz-ß-tfmSp≈ kao-]\w hy‡-am°ns°m≠mWv Pam-AØv cwK-{]-thiw sNbvX-Xv. Ch aq∂pw Zu¿_-ey-ß-tf-Xp-an-√mØ GI Ah-ew-_-ambn IW-°m-°s - ∏´ ImeØv Ch-bn¬ Hfn-™n-cn-°p∂ A]-IS- ß - ƒ A\mh-cWw sNøm≥ Pam-AØv ImWn® ss[cyw Nn¥m-{]-ÿm-\-ß-fpsS


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w Ncn-{X-Øn¬ A\n-X-c-am-Wv. Chsb B[p-\nI A‘-hn-izm-k-߃ F∂v hnfn-°m≥ hsc Pam-AØv ss[cyw ImWn-®p. B[p-\nI \mK-cn-I-X-bpsS aqe-in-e-I-fmWv atX-Xc `uXn-I-hmZw ( Secularism) , tZio-bX ( Nationalism), P\m-[n-]Xyw ( Democracy). Cu aqe-in-e-Isf \mw Pohn-°p∂ Ime-Øns‚ aqe-tcm-K߃ F∂v hnfn-°m≥ am{X-ap≈ Nn¥m-]-c-amb IcpØv Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-°p-≠v. a\p-jy≥ C∂v A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°p∂ F√m {]iv\ß-fp-sSbpw ASn-ÿm\ Imc-W-߃ Pam-AØv Cu aq∂v XXz-ßfn¬ Btcm-]n-°p-∂p. skIyp-e-cnkw B[p-\nI Ime-Øns‚ Poh-\-a{¥w Xs∂-bm-Wv. AXns\ FXn¿°p-∂-Xn\p apºv \mev h´w Nn¥n-°-Ww. skIyp-e-cnksØ FXn¿°p-tºm-tf-ev°p∂ BZysØ ASn-bn¬ kaq-l-Øn¬ \nß-fpsS ÿm\w \n¿W-bn-°-s∏-Spw. bmYm-ÿn-Xn-I≥, ]p\-cp-∞m\-hm-Zn, ]tcm-Ka - \ - Ø - n\v FXncv \nev°p-∂h - ≥, IqsS tasºm-Sn°v h¿Kob-hm-Znbpw! Ign-™p, \nß-fpsS hmZw AtXmsS XI¿∂p. skIyp-ecnkw Pbn®p! Pam-AsØ Ckveman tXm‰Xpw "skIyp-e-cnÃp'IfpsS apºn-em-Wv. skIyp-e-cn-ksØ FXn¿Ø-Xp-sIm≠v Pam-A-Øn-\p-ta¬ h¿Kob ap{Z ]Xn-°m≥ AXns‚ i{Xp-°ƒ°v thK-Øn¬ km[n-®p. F¥mWv Pam-AØv ]d-™-sX∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°m≥ Ahtcm Ahsc ]n¥p-S¿∂v "Aß-s\-Xs∂' F∂v G‰p-]-d-™-htcm an\-s°-´n-√. C¥y≥ skIyp-e-cn-k-Øn\p t]mepw -P-am-AsØ Ckveman FXn-cmsW∂v hcpØn Xo¿°m-\p≈ lo\-{i-a-ßfpw NnecpsS `mK-Øp-\n∂p-≠m-bn. F¥mWv hmkvX-hw? skIyp-e-cn-k-Øn\v c≠v ]Xn-∏p-Ifp≠v. H∂v ]m›m-Xy≥, c≠ma-tØXv C¥y≥. c≠m-at- ØØv H∂m-at- Ø-Xn¬\n∂pw XnI®pw hyXykvXa - mb Hcp Bi-ba - m-Wv. s]mXpsh skIyp-ec - n-ks - a∂v ]d-bp-tºmƒ \mw A¿Yam°p-∂Xv ]m›mXy skIyp-e-cn-k-am-Wv. Pohn-XsØ aXØn¬\n-∂v Xo¿Øpw sh¿s]-Sp-Øp∂ Cu skIyp-ec - nkw Pam-AsØ Ckveman AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂n-√. a\p-jy\pw ssZhhpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘w cl-kyhpw kzIm-cy-hp-am-bn-cn-°-W-sa∂pw B _‘w Hcp Xc-Ønepw Pohn-XsØ _m[n-°m≥ ]mSn-s√∂pw A\p-im-kn-°p∂ Cu ImgvN∏m-SmWv temIsØ \in-∏n-®-sX-∂mWv Pam-AØv Icp-Xp-∂-Xv. aX{`m¥v t]mse h¿Py-amWv Cu aX-hn-cp-≤-X. c≠pw B]-Øm-Wv. PohnX-Øn¬\n∂v ssZhsØ am‰-\n¿Øp-tºmƒ AhnsS ]p\x-{]-Xn-jvTn°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv sNIp-Øm-\m-Wv. H∂p-In¬ aX-hn-cp-≤X As√-¶n¬ aX{`m-¥v. CXv c≠pw am{Xta \ap°v ImWm\pw k¶-ev]n-°m\pw Ign-bp∂p≈q F∂Xv IjvS-am-Wv. Chbv°p c≠n-\p-an-S-bn¬ Adn-b-s∏-SmsX t]mb aX-sØ-∏-‰n-bmWv Pam-AØv kwkm-cn-°p-∂-Xv. B aXw P\Po-hn-X-Øn¬ CS-s]-Spw. AXv ImgvN-∏-≠-a√ Hcn-°-epw.


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w Pohn-X-Øn¬ CS-s]-SmØ Hcp aXhpw ssZhhpw F¥n\v \ap°v? a\- ns‚ D≈-d-bn¬ Hcp ssZhsØ IpSn-bn-cp-Øn-bn-s√-¶n¬ t]Snbm-Iptam? aX-Øns‚ hmev Iq´n-t®¿Øn-s√-¶n¬ a\p-jy-\-√m-XmIptam? F¥n\v Cu kzIm-cy-a-Xhpw kzImcy ssZhhpw? bp‡n°v Xosc hg-ßp-∂-X√ Cu kzIm-cy-an-S-]m-Sv. H∂p-In¬ ssZhsØ ]q¿Wambn \ncm-I-cn-°p-I, As√-¶n¬ ]q¿W-ambn kzoI-cn-°p-I. "skIype¿ ssZhw' {]Y-a-ZrjvSym Xs∂ bp‡n-hn-cp-≤-am-Wv. Pam-AsØ Ckveman ]n¥p-S-cp-∂Xv Ckvem-ans‚ Bi-b-ß-fmWv. ssZh-sØ-°p-dn®pw aX-sØ-°p-dn-®p-ap≈ Ckvem-ans‚ ho£Ww Ign™ `mKØv hni-Zo-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v. skIyp-e-cn-khpw Ckvemapw ]q¿W-ambpw ]c-kv]-c-hn-cp-≤-ß-fmb c≠v Bi-b-ß-fm-Wv. Hcp aXØn\pw skIyp-e-cnkw AwKo-I-cn-°m-\m-hn-√. H∂p-In¬ ssZhw As√¶n¬ Xm≥. skIyp-e-cnkw c≠m-a-tØ-Xns\ {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNøp-∂p. tXm∂ymkw AXns‚ ]cn-WX - ^ - e - w. skIyp-e¿ temI-Øn\v Hcp A®pX-≠n√; Znim t_m[-an-√, \nbm-a-I-i-‡n-bn-√. A\n-›n-X-Xzhpw AcmP-I-Xzhpw AhnsS hnf-bm-Sp-∂p. F∂m¬ C¥y≥ skIyp-ec - nkw sIm≠v Dt±-in-°s - ∏-Sp-∂Xv CsXm∂pa√. aX-\n-c-t]-£X F∂v samgn-am‰w sNø-s∏-´n-´p≈ C¥y≥ skIyp-e-cnkw aX-hn-cp-≤-a-√. Pohn-X-Øn¬ aXhpw ssZhhpw CS-s]S-cp-sX∂v C¥y≥ skIyp-e-cnkw A\p-im-kn-°p-∂n-√. hyXykvX aXhn-`m-K-ß-tfmSv Xpey-amb ASp-∏hpw AI-ehpw ImØp-kq-£n-°p-sa∂ k¿°m-dns‚ aX-\n-ct- ]£ \ne-]m-Sn-\mWv ChnsS skIyp-ec - n-ks - a∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. aX-hn-cp-≤-X-b-√, aX-k-ln-jvWp-X-bmWv AXns‚ ImX¬. aX-kl - n-jvWp-Xbpw aX-ku-lm¿±hpw Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS IqSn Bi-b-ß-fm-Wv. AXn-\m¬ Cu kao-]-\sØ Pam-AsØv kzmKXw sNøpI am{X-a√ AXns\ ]cn-t]m-jn-∏n-°p∂ \ne-]m-Sp-Ifpw kzoIcn-°p-∂p. tZio-b-X˛cmjv{S-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´-Xm-bmepw kap-Zm-b-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´X - m-bm-epw˛ Pam-AsØ Ckveman AwKo-Ic - n-°p-∂n-√. km¿htZ-io-b-X-bnepw hniz-am-\-hn-I-X-bn-ep-amWv Pam-AØv hniz-kn-°p-∂Xv. `c-W-ku-I-cy-Øn-\p-th≠n cmjv{S-߃°v AXn¿Øn \n›-bn-°p∂-Xn-t\mSv Pam-A-Øn\p hntbm-Pn-∏n-√. F∂m¬ Cu AXn-c-S-bm-f߃ icn-bp-sSbpw sX‰n-s‚bpw am\-Z-WvU-ß-fm-Im≥ ]mSn-√. F∂ ImgvN-∏m-Sns\ Pam-AØv FXn¿°p-∂p. Xo{h-tZ-io-bX apkvenw-I-fp-tS-Xm-bmepw lnµp-°-fp-tS-Xm-bmepw C¥ybp-tS-Xm-bmepw ]m°n-ÿm-t‚-Xm-bmepw AXv AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂n-√. tZikvt\lw, ]t£, Cu FXn¿∏ns‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬ hcp-∂n-√. AXv XnI®pw hyXy-kvX-amb Hcp kwK-Xn-bm-Wv. ss\k¿Kn-Ihpw A`n-e-j-Wo-b-hpamWv B hnIm-cw. AXn¬ A]-I-S-an-√. F∂m¬ Xo{h-tZ-io-bX B[p-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w \nI cmjv{S-ßsf _m[n-®n-´p≈ A¿_p-Z-am-Wv. kzm¿Y-X-bmWv AXns‚ A¥¿[m-c. kzm¿YX hy‡n-bp-tS-Xm-bmepw IpSpw-_-Øn-s‚Xm-bmepw kap-Zm-b-Øn-s‚-Xm-bmepw cmjv{S-Øn-s‚-Xm-bmepw am\-hk-aq-l-Øn\v KpWw sNøn-√. kzm¿YX P\n-°p-tºmƒ acn-°p-∂Xv a\p-jy-Xz-am-Wv. am\-hn-I-X-bmWv tZio-b-X-bp-sS apJy-i-{Xp. B[p-\nI P\X hnhn[ tZio-b-X-I-fmbn hn`-Pn-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. Hmtcm tZio-b-Xbpw CXc tZio-b-X-I-fp-ambn im{X-h-Øn-em-Wv. NqjWhpw A{I-ahpw bp≤-ßf - p-amWv CXns‚ A\-¥c - ^ - e - w. h¿W-˛h - ¿K, tZi-˛-`mjm hyXym-k-߃°-Xo-X-amb hniz-am-\-hn-I-X-b-√msX Cu tcmK-Øn\p acp-∂n-√. H∂pw-c≠pw temI -bp-≤-ß-fp-sSbpw AXn\v apºpw tij-hp-ap-≠mb a‰p bp≤-ß-fp-sSbpw ]›m-Øew ]Tn-®m¬ tZio-b-X-bn¬ ]Xn-bn-cn-°p∂ A]-ISw a\- n-em-Ipw. Bbp-[-߃ Imh-en-cn-°p∂ tZio-bX sIm≠v a\p-jy\p {]tbm-P-\-sam-∂p-an-√. D]-{Z-h-߃ [mcm-f-ap≠v Xm\pw. Hcp {]tbm-P-\-hp-an-√mØ tZio-bXsb \ne-\n¿Øm≥ tImSn-Iƒ sNe-h-gn®v Bbp[w hmßp-∂-Xnse bp‡n-sb¥v? P\-ßsf ]´n-Wn-°n´pw \ne-\n¿Øm≥ am{Xw F¥v alXz-amWv tZio-b-X-bv°p-≈Xv? Nn¥n-®n-´pt≠m, tZio-bX XI¿∂m¬ ]ns∂ Bbp[w th≠ temI-Øn\v! ]c-kv]cw sIm∂pwsh∂pw Cu hn-{K-lsØ kwc-£n-°tWm \Ωƒ. P\m-[n-]-Xy-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS ImgvN∏mSpw kq£va-ambn hne-bn-cp-Ø-s∏-tS-≠-Xm-Wv. cmPm-°≥am-cp-sSbpw \mSp-hm-gn-If - p-sSbpw ]´m-f° - m-cp-sSbpw tkzOm-`c - W - I - q-Sß - ƒ°v ]Icw P\-ln-X-{]-Im-c-ap≈ P\-ß-fpsS `c-W-IqSw F∂ k¶-ev]-sØ-b√ Pam-AØv FXn¿°p∂-Xv. `qcn-]-£-Øns‚ lnX-a-\p-k-cn-®p-≈-Xm-bncn-°Ww `c-W-IqSw F∂Xv Xs∂-bmWv Pam-A-Øn-s‚bpw ImgvN-∏mSv. AXn-\m¬ cmPm-[n-]-Xy-sØbpw ]´m-f-`-c-W-sØbpw AXv FXn¿°p∂p. temI-Øns‚ hnhn[ `mK-ß-fn¬ \S-°p∂ P\m-[n-]Xy apt∂‰-ßsf ]n¥p-W-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. P\-lnXw `c-W-Iq-S-ßsf sXcs™-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ ASn-ÿm-\-am-Ip-∂-Xns\ Pam-AØv Hcn-°epw tNmZyw sNbvXn-´n-√. A`n-{]mb kzmX-{¥yhpw `qcn-]-£-Øns‚ Xmev]cy-ßfpw kz¥w ]m¿´n LS-\-bn¬t]mepw Pam-AØv IWn-i-ambn am\n-°p-∂p. kwL-S\m t\Xr-XzsØ sXc-s™-Sp-°m≥ Pam-AØv kzoI-cn® am¿Khpw CXp-X-s∂-bm-Wv. hntbm-Pn∏v InS-°p-∂Xv as‰mcp hi-Øm-Wv. \nb-a-\n¿am-Wm-[nIm-c-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´-Xm-W-Xv. `qcn-]-£-Øns‚ A`n-{]m-b-ßsf \nba-Øns‚ ]Z-hn-bn-te-°p-b¿Øp∂ P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ XØz-tØmSv Pam-A-Øn\v tbmPn-∏n-√. \nb-a-\n¿am-Wm-[n-Imcw a\p-jy-\n-√, D≠mIm≥ ]mSn√ F∂mWv Pam-A-Øns‚ \ne-]m-Sv. Cu A[n-Imcw ssZhØn¬ \n£n-]vX-am-Wv.28 \nbaw ssZh-Øn¬\n-∂v. a\p-jy≥ AX-\p-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w k-cn®v Imcy-߃ \n¿h-ln-°p-∂-h≥ am{Xw. \n¿hm-lnsb sXc-s™Sp-°p-∂Xv Xo¿®-bmbpw `qcn-]£ lnX-a-\p-k-cn®v Xs∂. F¥mWv a\p-jy≥ \nbaw \n¿an-®m-ep≈ Ipg∏w? F¥mWv \nbaw F∂-Xns\ B{i-bn-®n-cn-°p∂p Cu tNmZy-Øn-\p≈ DØ-cw. ]cn-]q¿W \oXnbpw \ymbhpw e`y-am-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ G¿∏m-Sm-W-Xv. F√m-h¿°pw {]tbm-P-\-ap-≈-Xm-bn-cn-°Ww Cu G¿∏m-Sv. F√m-hcpw AXv AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw thWw. Cßs\ Hcp G¿∏m-Sp-≠m-°m≥ a\p-jy\p Ign-bptam? a\p-jys‚ ⁄m\-]-cn-an-Xn-Ifpw ]£-]m-XnØ-ßfpw Xo¿®-bmbpw Ah-\p-≠m-°p-∂ -\n-b-asØ _m[n-°pw. As√-¶nepw `qcn-]-£-Øns‚ ]n¥p-W-bp-≠v F∂-Xp-sIm≠v am{Xw Hcp \nbaw \oXn-bp-‡-am-Ip-∂-sX-ßs\? icnbpw sX‰pw Xocp-am-\n°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ am\-ZWvUw `qcn-]-£-a√ Xs∂. B \ne-]m-Sn¬ bp‡nbpsS kv]¿iw t]mep-an-√. `qcn-]-£-Øns‚ A`ojvSw F¥p-am-Imw. AXns\ \nb-{¥n-°p∂ Hcp i‡n-bp-an-√. A\n-b-{¥n-X-amb Cu A`nem-j-߃°v \nb-a-Øns‚ ]Zhn \evIp-∂Xv A]-I-S-am-Wv. a‰p-≈h¿°v am{X-a√ Ah¿°p Xs∂bpw. Xo¿®-bmbpw P\m-[n-]Xyw hfb-an-√m-sX-bp≈ Nm´-am-Wv. ssZh-lnXw sIm≠v Ckvemw P\-ln-XØn\v hfbw Xo¿°p-∂p. ChnsS kzmX{¥yw \nb-{¥n-X-am-Wv. icn, ]t£, H∂p IqSn-bp≠v; AXv kpc-£n-X-hp-am-Wv. P\-{]n-b- \n-ba \n¿amW hyh-ÿ-bn¬ kzmX-{¥yw A]-I-S-I-c-amw-hn[w A\n-b-{¥nX-am-Wv. kpc-£nX kzmX{¥yw thtWm Ac-£nX kzmX{¥yw thtWm F∂-XmWv a\p-jys‚ apºn-ep≈ {]iv\w. Cu aq∂v Bi-b-߃°pw tim`-\-amb Hcp DZv`h Ncn-{X-ap-s≠∂ Imcyw ChnsS hnkva-cn-°p-∂n-√. ss{IkvXh ]ptcm-ln-X≥am-cpsS aXta-[m-hn-X-Ø-Øn-s\-Xn-cmb ka¿∞-amb \o°-am-bn-´mWv skIyp-ecnkw cwK-Øp-h-cp-∂-Xv. ]utcm-ln-Xy-tØm-Sp≈ AXns‚ FXn¿∏n¬ icn-bp-≠v. ]ptcm-ln-X-t\m-Sp≈ hntcm[w ssZh-hn-tcm-[-ambn ]cn-Wan-®-XmWv ]nev°m-eØv AXn\p kw`-hn® sX‰v. Fensb t]Sn®v C√w Np´p skIyp-e-cn-kw. t]m∏pw kokdpw tXmtfmSv tXmƒ tN¿∂v temI-cm-jv{S-ßsf Im¬Io-gn-e-a¿Øn-b-t∏m-gmWv tZiobt_m[w DS-se-Sp-°p-∂-Xv. Hcp cmjv{S-Øns‚ Xmev]-cy-߃ Xocp-am-\n-t°-≠Xv Ahn-SsØ P\-X-bmsW∂pw Ah¿ t]m∏n-k-Øn-s‚tbm Cw]o-cn-b-en-k-Øn-s‚tbm N´pI-ß-sf-√-∂p-ap≈ Xncn-®-dn-hmWv tZio-b-X-bpsS ASn-ÿm\ hnIm-cambn h¿Øn-®-Xv. F∂m¬ Cu tZio-b-hn-Imcw {ItaW Hcp Bi-bambn hf-cp-Ibpw P\-ß-fp-sSbpw cmjv{S-ß-fp-sSbpw \nbm-a-I-i-‡nbm-bn-Øo-cp-Ibpw sNbvXp. cmjv{S-߃ XΩn-ep≈ InS-a-’-c-Ønte°pw A{I-a-Øn-te°pw bp≤-ß-fn-te°pw AXv hyXn-N-en-®p-sIm≠n-cp-∂p. tZio-b-Xbv°v cq]-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ign-bp∂ DØ-a-]u-c-\mWv


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w ln‰ve¿. temIw CØcw DØ-a-]u-c≥am-sc-s°m≠v \nd-™m¬......... P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn\pw aln-X-amb DZv`h ]›m-Ø-e-ap-≠v. GIm-[n]XyØns‚bpw k¿hm-[n-]-Xy-Øn-s‚bpw Nße s]m´n-s®-dn-bpI F∂ P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ e£yw ]hn-{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. \nc-h[n P\-XXn-Isf kzmX-{¥y-Øn-s‚- ]p-e-cnbnte°v \bn-°m≥ AXn\v km[n®n-´p-≠v. F∂m¬ \nb-a-Øn-s‚bpw \oXn-bp-sSbpw ASn-ÿm\ t{kmX ns\ tNmZyw sNøp-∂n-S-tØmfw AXv hf¿∂Xv A]-ISw sNbvXp. skIyp-e-cn-khpw tZio-b-Xbpw P\m-[n-]-Xyhpw B[p\nI a\pjys‚ XmØznI ka-ky-I-fm-Wv. Ch Xs∂-bmWv Ahs‚ {]mtbmKnI {]iv\-ßfpw skIyp-e-cn-ksØ aX-k-ln-jvWp-X-bn-te°pw tZiob-Xsb tZi-kvt\-lØ - n-te°pw P\m-[n-]X - ysØ P\-ln-XØ - n-te°pw ]cn-an-X-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv hsc B[p-\nI a\p-jy\v c£-bn-√.

aq∂v

I¿a-]Yw Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS Pohn-X-ho-£Ww Ckvem-ans‚ PohnX-ho-£Ww Xs∂-bm-Wv. AXv c≠mw `mKØv hn-i-Zo-I-cn-°-s∏-´-Xn\m¬ ChnsS Bh¿Øn-°p-∂n-√. Ckvem-anI Z¿i-\-tØm-Sp≈ PamA-Øns‚ {]Xn-_-≤X hnIm-c-]-c-a-√. Pohn-X-sØbpw {]]-©-sØbpw kw_-‘n® Ckvem-ans‚ ho£-W-amWv icn F∂v Pam-AØv Dd-®phn-iz-kn-°p-∂p. {]hm-N-I≥am-cn-eqsS am\-h-k-aq-l-Øn-\p-]-I¿∂p In´nb Cu ho£Ww AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-emWv temI-Øns‚ \≥a F-∂pw Pam-AØv Icp-Xp-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v Cu ho£Ww {]N-cn-∏n°p-∂-Xn\pw AXv ap∂n-´n-d-ßp-∂p. Cu hnj-b-Øn¬ ]t£, Pam-AØn\v ]nSn-hm-in-tb-Xp-an-√. a\p-jys‚ _p≤n-tbmSpw bp‡n-tbmSpw kam-[m-\m-¥-co-£-Øn¬ kwh-Zn-°p∂ Pam-AØv AXns‚ hnizmkw Bscbpw ASn-t®-ev]n-°p-∂n-√. Bib taJ-e-bn¬ kºq¿W kzmX{¥yw AXv A\p-h-Zn-°p-∂p. "CjvS-ap-≈-h¿°v kzoI-cn-°mw. th≠mØ-h¿°v X≈mw' F∂mWv AXns‚ \ne-]m-Sv. Cu \ne-]mSpw Ckveman-t‚Xv Xs∂. {]hm-N-I≥am¿ A\p-h-Zn® hnizmk kzmX{¥yw A\p]-a-am-Wv. AXn¬\n∂v hyXn-N-en-°m≥ Pam-AØv CjvS-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. ImcWw Cu hyXn-bm\w Ckvem-an¬ \n∂p≈ hyXn-bm-\-am-bn-t∏m-Ipw. HcpXcw A°m-Z-anI kz`mhw Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS LS-\bn¬ Xs∂-bp-≠v. hmbn-°p-I, hmbn-∏n-°pI F∂Xv Pam-A-Øns‚ khn-tijX Xs∂-bm-Wv. {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-cw-KØv Pam-AØv anIhv sXfn-bn-®Xv bmZr-›n-I-a-√. _u≤n-I-amb AXns‚ ]cn-thjw PmS-bpa-√. Nn¥n-°p-Ibpw Nn¥n-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp A\p-bm-bn-hrµw Pam-A-Øn-\p-≠m-bXv XnI®pw kzm`m-hnIw. BZy-Ime Iayq-WnÃp


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w {]ÿm-\-ß-sf-t∏mepw AXn-i-bn-∏n°p∂p Pam-A-Øns‚ ]pkvX-I_-‘w. Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS {]Ya \mb-I-\m-bn-cp∂ kønZv auZqZn D÷ze Nn¥-I\pw Fgp-Øp-Im-c-\p-am-bn-cp-∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ temI\n-co-£-W-߃ C¥y-°-IØv am{X-a√ ]pdw-tem-IØpw {i≤n-°-s∏´p. B[p-\nI ]›m-Ø-e-Øn-ep≈ At±-l-Øns‚ Ckvem-anI ]T-\߃ N¿®-Iƒ°pw hne-bn-cp-Ø-ep-Iƒ°pw hnt[-b-ambn. B[p-\nI akvXnjvIw AXn¬ BIr-jvS-am-bn. ]m›mXy \mSp-I-fn¬t]mepw AXns‚ hiyX A\p-`-h-s∏-´p. {]apJ Nn¥-I-cpsS kΩ-Xnbpw AXv t\Sn. C∂pw AXns‚ i‡nbpw hiy-Xbpw A£-b-ambn \nev°p-∂p. {]uV-amb [mcmfw ]T-\-ßfpw \nco-£-W-ßfpw PamAsØ Ckveman temI-Øn\p ka¿∏n-®n-´p-≠v. Pohn-X-Øns‚ F√m hi-ßsf-∏-‰nbpw AXn¬ ]cm-a¿i-ß-fp-≠v. `mj-I-fp-sSbpw h¿K-ß-fp-sSbpw ]cn-an-Xn-Iƒ t`Zn®v Pam-AØv P\-ßf - psS Nn¥-bn-te°v sN∂p. kzoImchpw Xnc-kvIm-chpw Htc am\-kn-Im-h-ÿ-bn¬ kzoI-cn-°m≥ Pam-AØn\v Ign-™p. c≠pw aptº AXv hI-sh®p sImSp-Øn´p≠t√m. kmln-Xy-ßfpw B\p-Im-en-I-ßfpw F√m `mj-I-fnepw {]tZ-i-ßfnepw ˛ Cu cwKØv29 Pam-AØv ssIh-cn® t\´w AXns‚ _u≤nI ta≥a hnfn-t®m-Xp-∂p. Pam-A-Øns‚ an° B\p-Im-en-I-ßfpw Ac-\q‰m≠v ]n∂n-´p. Ime-Øns‚ kv]µ-\-ß-fp-ambn ]pd-Øn-d-ßp∂ Cu {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-߃ hnNm-c-hn-π-h-cw-KØv \evInb kw`m-h-\-Iƒ kvacWo-b-am-Wv. F∂pw P\-ß-fpsS Xmev]-cy-ß-tfm-sSm∏w \ne-bp-d-∏n® Cu Pnlz-Iƒ Xn≥a-bpsS i‡n-Isf Xpd-∂p-Im-´p-∂-Xn¬ henb ]¶p hln-°p-∂p. km{am-PyØ A[n-\n-th-i-sØbpw ^mjnÃv h¿Ko-b-Xsbbpw FXn¿°p-∂-Xn¬ F∂pw Ah ap≥]-¥n-bn-ep-≠v. \ΩpsS ImeØns‚ Zm¿i-\nI ka-ky-Ifpw Akzm-ÿy-ßfpw Xpd∂ a\-t msS hnen-bp-cp-Øp-Ibpw F√m hn`mKw Bfp-If - p-sSbpw A`n-{]m-bß - ƒ shfn®Øv sIm≠p-h-cn-Ibpw sNøp∂ Cu {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-߃ Fgp-ØpIm¿°v A\p-h-Zn-°p∂ kzmX{¥yw {]iw-k-\o-b-am-Wv. \Ωp-sS {]apJ Fgp-Øp-Im-sc√mw Cu kzmX{¥yw A\p-`-hn-®n-´p-≠v. Fgp-Øp-Im-cpsS ho£-Wß - ƒ ]{Xm-[n-]c - psS IØn-°n-cb - m-ImsX hmb-\° - m-cs‚ apºnse-Øp∂p F∂Xv \n mc kwK-Xn-b-√. Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-tbmSv B`n-ap-Jy-ap-≈-h¿ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p∂ "am[yaw' Zn\-]{Xw [ochpw kzX-{¥-hp-amb A`n-{]m-b-{]-I-S-\-߃ sIm≠v CXn-∂Iw {i≤n-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. ]{X-[¿a-Øns‚ DZmØ amXrI-bmbn AXv \ne-sIm-ff - p-∂p. X߃°v CjvSa - p≈ hm¿Ø-Iƒ am{Xw {]kn-≤o-Ic - n-°p-Ibpw A√m-Øh Xa-kvIc - n-°p-Ibpw tIc-fØ - nse ]{X߃ ]Xn-hm°nbn-cp∂ Ime-ØmWv tImgn-t°mSv sh≈n-am-SvIp∂n¬\n∂v am[yaw {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-am-cw-`n-®-Xv. "sh≈n-am-Sp-Ip-∂nse


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w sh≈n-\-£{Xw' F∂mWv ssh°w apl-ΩZv _jo¿ A∂v AXns\ hnti-jn-∏n-®-Xv. _jo-dns‚ A`n-{]mbw sX‰n-bn-√. ]{X-tem-IsØ hnkva-b-ambn am[yaw Pzen®p \n¬°p-∂p, IqSp-X¬ tim`-tbm-sS. Pam-AsØ Ckveman Ft∏mgpw a\p-jy-_p-≤n-tbmSv kwh-Zn-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p. ¢mkp-Iƒ, ao‰nw-Kp-Iƒ, ktΩ-f-\-߃, skan-\m-dp-Iƒ, kntºm-kn-b-߃ ˛ Bi-b-hn-\n-a-b-Øn-\p≈ F√m Ah-k-c-ßfpw AXv D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. GI apJ-ap-≈-X√ Cu ]cn-]m-Sn-I-fn¬ A[n-I-hpw. t{imXm-hn-\v, i{Xp-hn\v t]mepw Xs‚ ho£Ww Ah-Xcn-∏n-°m-\p≈ Xpd∂ Ah-kcw IqSn Ch-bn¬ \evI-s∏-Sp-∂p. kz¥w XmXzn-I-≥am-scbpw A\p-bm-bn-I-sfbpw am{Xw ]s¶-Sp-∏n®v kntºmkn-b-߃ \S-∂n-cp∂ ImeØv FXn-cm-fn-Iƒ°v Xpey Ah-k-c-߃ \evIn Pam-AØv kwL-Sn-∏n® kntºm-kn-b-߃ Hcp ImeØv tIc-fØn\v ]pXp-a-bm-bn-cp-∂p. FXn¿ ho£-W-°msc ktΩ-f-\-Øn-te°v £Wn-°p-Ibpw Ah¿°v ]d-bm-\p-≈Xv {i≤m-]q¿hw tIƒ°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ coXn°pw XpS°w Ipdn-®Xv Pam-AØv Xs∂. Ub-tem-Kn-t‚Xmb Hcp ]pXnb kwkvIrXn Xs∂ CbnsS AXv hnI-kn-∏n-s®-SpØp. hmZ-ßfpw {]Xn-hm-Z-ß-fp-ambn iWvT IqSp∂ ]gb ssien°p ]Icw Ub-temKv, C¥y t]mep≈ Hcp cmPy-Øn\v IqSp-X¬ DNn-X-amIpw. tbmPn-°m\pw hntbm-Pn-°m-\p-ap≈ kzmX-{¥y-tØmsS Bcw-`n°p∂ Ub-tem-Kp-Iƒ AtX kzmX-{¥y-tØmsS Ah-km-\n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. hnP-b-]-cm-P-b-ß-f-√, Adn-bm\pw Adn-bn-°m-\p-ap≈ kzmX{¥y-amWv ChnsS {][m-\w. Pam-AØv ]co-£n®v hnP-bn® Cu taJe-bn-te°v Ct∏mƒ a‰p-≈-hcpw IS-∂p-h-cp-∂Xv kt¥m-j-I-c-am-Wv. c≠p- hn-`m-K-Øns‚ ImcyØn¬ Pam-AsØ Ckveman {]tXyIw {i≤n-°p-∂p˛ h\n-X-Ifpw bphm-°-fpw. BZysØ hn`mKw ASn-®-a¿Øs∏-´-h-cmWv; c≠m-a-tØXv ]nSn-hn´v t]mb-h-cpw. t]‰v b{¥hpw ASp°f tPmen-°m-cn-bp-am-Im-\mWv \ΩpsS h\n-X-bpsS hn[n. ASp-°-fbn¬ am{X-a√ Aßm-Sn-bnepw Ahƒ ]oUn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p.- A-h-fpsS ico-chpw Bflmhpw NqjWw sNø-s∏-Sp-∂p. hnZym-`ym-kØ - n\pw DtZymK-Øn-\p-sam∂pw CXn\v Adp-Xn-hc - p-Øm-\m-bn-√. AΩbpw s]ß-fp-sa∂ ]hn{X ÿm\-w t]mepw Ahƒ°v \jvS-s∏-´p. c≠v Xcw kao-]-\w h\n-X-I-tfmSv \ΩpsS kaqlw ]pe¿Øn-t∏m-cp-∂p. H∂v bmYm-ÿnXn-Iw. at‰Xv AXn-cp-hn´ hnπ-hm-fl-Iw. H∂mw hn`mKw kv{Xo°v a\pjy-]-Zhn \ntj-[n-°p-∂p. c≠mw hn`mKw Ah-fn¬ ]pcpj ]Zhn ASnt®-ev]n-°p-∂p. H∂v ASn-a-Ø-Øns‚ `mc-am-sW-¶n¬ c≠m-a-tØXv "hntam-N\'Øns‚ `mcw! c≠p Iq´cpw sI´n-sh® `mc-Øns‚ ^eambn kv { Xo- b psS apXp- s Im- S n- ™ p. Akv X n- X zhpw hy‡n- X zhpw Ahƒ°v \jvS-s∏-´p. h\nXm hntam-N-\-sØ-∏‰n kz¥-amb ImgvN-∏m-Sp≠v Pam-A-sØ-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w C-kvem-an-°v. bmYm¿Yy-ß-fn-e-[n-jvTn-X-amWv Cu ImgvN-∏m-Sv. kv{Xo kv{Xobm-Wv. Ahƒ°v ]pcp-j-\m-Im≥ Ign-bn-√. ]pcp-j\v kv{XobmIm≥ Ign- b m- Ø - X p- t ]m- s e. kv { Xobpw ]pcp- j \pw hyXykv X bmYm¿Yy-ß-fm-Wv. H∂v at‰-Xn-t\-°mƒ tIa-a-√. F∂m¬ tIa-Øcw ]pcp-j\v Btcm-]n-®p-t]m-cp-∂p-≠v. CXv Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p-I-bmWv BZyw th≠-Xv. IpSpw-_-Ønepw kaq-l-Ønepw kv{XobpsS ]¶v sNdp- X mbn ImWpI F∂ sX‰v \ap°v ]‰n- b n- ´ p- ≠ v . Ah- f psS bYm¿Y Ah-Im-i-߃ \ntj-[n-°m\pw C√mØ `mcw Ah-fn¬ sI´nsh-°m-\p-ap≈ [m¿jvSyw \ΩpsS kaqlw ImWn-®n-´p-≠v. CXv XncpØp-hm≥ Pam-AsØ Ckveman {ian-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. h\n-X-Iƒ°v Db¿∂ hnZym-`ym-khpw kaq-l-Øn¬- A¿l-amb ÿm\hpw t\Sns°m-Sp-°p-I-sb∂ e£yw sh®v Ah-cpsS Iq´m-bva°pw Pam-AØv cq]w \evIn. Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS h\nXm hn`m-Khpw tKƒkv CkvemanIv Hm¿K-ss\-tk-j\pw h\n-X-I-fpsS hnj-b-Øn¬ {]tXyI Xmev]-cy-sa-SpØv {]h¿Øn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. \ΩpsS bphm-°-fpsS Imcyw alm-I-jvS-am-Wv. C¥y≥ ico-chpw ]m›mXy a\- p-ambn kzXz-t_m[w \jvS-s∏´v hoSn\pw \mSn\pw `mcambn Ae-bp-Ibpw Dg-ep-I-bp-amWv \ΩpsS bph-Xzw. kmwkvIm-cn-IX-\n-abpw hnπ-h-t_m-[hpw Ah¿°v \jvS-s∏-´p. bphm-°-fpsS I¿ati-jn-bpw k - ¿Ktijnbpw kaq-lØ - n\v {]tbm-P\ - s - ∏-Sp-∂n-√. buh\w \mSn\v \jvS-s∏Sp∂ Cu kml-N-cy-Øn-emWv ÃpU≥kv Ckvem-anIv Hm¿K-ss\-tk-j≥ F∂ hnZym¿Yn-˛-bp-h-P\ kwL-S-\°v Pam-AØv cq]w \evIn-b-Xv. sNdp-sX-¶nepw [m¿an-I-aq-ey-ßfpw Znim-t_m-[hpap≈ Hcp kwLw sNdp-∏-°msc kaq-l-Øn\v ka¿∏n-°m≥ Pam-AØn\v km[n-®n-´p-≠v. C¥y≥ bphXzw ]Sn-™m-d≥ {]f-b-Øn¬ BSn De-bp-tºmƒ am\-h-kw-kvIr-Xn-bpsS s\Spw-Xq-Wp-I-fn¬ ]nSn-®p-\n-ev°p-I-bmWv Cu sIm®p kwLw. ]Sn-™m-tdm-´p≈ Hgp°v AkvX - a - \ - Ø - n-te-°m-sW∂pw AkvX-a-\-Øn-\p-tijw Ccp-´m-sW∂pw Ccp-´n¬ s]ß-sfbpw ]Xv\nsbbpw Xncn-®-dn-bn-s√∂pw Xncn-®-dnhv \jvS-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ a\p-jy≥ arKambnØocp-sa-∂pw- tijw \ΩpsS \mSpw \K-chpw ISp-hbpw knwlhpw hnf-bm-Sp∂ tLmc-h-\-ß-fmbn amdp-sa∂pw Cu bphm-°ƒ ap∂-dn-bn∏v \evIp-∂p. tkh-\-cw-KØv ambmØ ap{Z-Iƒ ]Xn-∏n-®n-´p≠v Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an. P\-tk-h-\-Øn¬ ssZhm-cm-[-\-bp-s≠∂v Xncn-®-dn™ {]ÿm-\-am-W-Xv. Cu tkh-\-Øn\v AXn¿h-c-ºp-I-fn-√. P\-ß-fmWv AXns‚ e£yw; F√m hn`mKw P\-ßfpw. aXhpw PmXnbpw tZihpw GXm-bmepw P\-ß-fpsS Pohn-Xm-h-iy-߃ H∂m-Wv. hni-∏n\pw ZmlØn\pw PmXn-bn-√. F√m-h¿°pw `£-Ww, ]m¿∏n-Sw, hnZym-`ym-kw,


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w Btcm-Kyw˛ CXv Ckvem-ans‚ e£y-am-Wv. Ckvem-anI hyh-ÿn-Xnbn¬ AXn\v kwhn-[m-\-ap-≠v. Ckvem-anI hyh-ÿn-Xn-bpsS A`m-hØnepw Pam- A Øv AXns‚ ]cn- a n- X n- I ƒ°p- ≈ n¬\n∂v Cu I¿Øhyw \n¿h-ln-°p-∂p. F√m-hcpw ssZh-Øns‚ krjvSn-°-fmsW∂ t_m[-hpw AXv P\n-∏n-°p∂ Imcp-Wy-hp-amWv Pam-AØv sNøp∂ P\-tk-h-\-{]-h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS {]tNm-Z-\w. Iem-]-_m-[n-X-scbpw {]Ir-Xn-t£m-`-Øn\v Cc-bm-b-h-scbpw ]p\c-[n-hk - n-∏n-°p-∂X - n¬ Pam-AØv kvXpXy¿l-amb ]¶v hln-®p. Bkmanse s\√n, alm-cm-jv{S-bnse `oh-≠n, _olm-dnse `K¬]q¿˛ h¿KobX c‡Xm-WvU-h-am-Snb {]tZ-i-߃. a\p-jy-kvt\-l-Øns‚bpw Poh-Im-cp-Wy-Øn-s‚bpw A\p-]a amXr-I-bmWv Pam-AØv ChnsS ImgvN-sh-®-Xv. emØq-cnse `qIº _m[nX {]tZ-i-ßfpw B{‘-bn-sebpw Hdo-k-bn-sebpw {]f-b-_m-[nX {]tZ-i-ßfpw PamAsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS Ic-kv]¿i-Øns‚ km¥z-\-a-\p-`-hn-®p. tImgnt°m-s´bpw Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-c-sØbpw tNcn \nhm-kn-Ifpw Pam-A-Øns‚ tkh\w ad-°m-\n-S-bn-√. k¿°m-dns‚ JP-\mhv Xpd-°p-∂Xv ImØp-\n¬°msX X߃°mhp-∂Xv F√m taJ-e-bnepw sNøpI F∂ \b-amWv tkh-\-cw-KØv Pam-AØv kzoI-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. ]eni clnX hmbv] cwKØv PamAØv sNøp∂ tkh-\-߃ CXn\v Hcp sXfn-hm-Wv. hy‡n-I-fp-sSbpw cmjv{S-ß-fp-sSbpw \s´-s√m-Sn® alm-hn-]-ØmWv ]en-i. A[zm-\n°msX A\y-cp-sS-]Ww t]m°-‰n-em-°m-\p≈ [\n-Is‚ kmº-Øn-Ikq-{X-amWv ]en-i-bn-ep-≈-Xv. Nqj-W-Øns‚ G‰hpw {]mIr-Xhpw {Iqchp-amb cq]-am-Wn-Xv. B[p-\nI kºZv hyh-ÿ-bpsS s\Spw XqWmbn ]en-i- h-f¿∂p Ign-™n-cn-°p-∂p. Ckvemw ]en-isb \nbaw aqew \ntcm-[n-®n-´p-≠v. Hcp aXhpw AXns\ t{]m’m-ln-∏n-®n-´n-√. Zm¿i-\nI≥amcpw hnπ-h-Im-cn-Ifpw AXns\ FXn¿Øn-t´-bp-≈q. F∂n´pw ]eni \ΩpsS \nb-a-]p-kvX-I-Øn¬ ÿm\w ]nSn-®p. A[zm-\n-°p∂ P\-hn-`m-K-Øns‚ hnb¿∏pw c‡hpw Du‰n-°p-Sn-°p∂ Cu cm£-ks\-Xnsc XpS°w apXte Pam-AØv kac cwK-Øp-≠v. tIh-e-t_m-[h¬°-cWw sIm≠v aXn-bm-°msX ]en-i-c-lnX hmbv]-˛-\n-t£-]- cwKØv sIm®p-am-Xr-I-Iƒ krjvSn-°m≥ AXv {ian-°p-∂p. km[m-c-W°m-cs‚ AØm-Wn-bmbn C¥y-bpsS hnhn[ `mK-ß-fn¬ CØcw ÿm]-\-߃ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p. P\-ß-fpsS Bh-iy-Øn\v CXv aXnbm-hn-s√-¶nepw ]en-i-bpsS sImSpw Nqj-W-Øn-s\-Xn-sc-bp≈ {InbmflI {]Xn-Ic - W - Ø - ns‚ {]Xo-Ia - m-hpI F∂ ZuXy-sa-¶nepw Ch \n¿hln-°p-∂p. ]eni ap‡-amb hmbv]m-˛-\n-t£] k{º-Zmbw Bcw-`n°p-∂-Xn\v k¿°m-cn-t\mSv Pam-AØv ]e XhW A`y¿Yn-s®-¶nepw ^e-ap-≠m-bn-√. ]en-i-c-lnX _m¶v kz¥-ambn Bcw-`n-°m≥ t]mepw


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w k¿°m¿ A\p-aXn \evIn-bn-√. hntZi cmjv{S-ß-fn¬ hnP-b-I-c-ambn {]h¿Øn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ ]eni clnX _m¶nwMv k{º-Zmbw C¥y-bnepw hnP-bn-°p-sa∂v Pam-A-Øn\v ip`-{]-Xo-£-bp-≠v. kmaq-lnI {]h¿Ø-\-cw-KØv Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an°v D÷z-eamb ]mc-º-cy-ap-≠v. el-cn-]-Zm¿Y-ß-fpsS D¬]m-Z-\hpw D]-t`m-Khpw Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ t_m[-h¬°-cW {]h¿Ø-\-߃ F∂pw AXns‚ AP-≠-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. aZyh¿P-\hpw \ntcm-[-\-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v kz¥-ambpw kam-\-a-\-kvI-cp-ambn kl-I-cn®pw [mcmfw ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Pam-AØv kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. ]m›mXy kwkvIm-cØ - ns‚ A[n-\n-th-iØ - n-s\-Xnsc Pam-AsØ Ckveman F∂pw Pm{KX ]pe¿Øn-bn-´p-≠v. am\h kwkvIr-Xn°v \nc°mØ F√m ]cn-]m-Sn-I-sfbpw AXv tNmZyw sNbvXp. aqey-߃ Ipg adn-bp-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®pw a\p-jyXzw \jvS-am-Ip-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®pw AXv \nc-¥cw ap∂-dn-bn∏v \evIn. aqey-tim-j-W-sØ-∏‰n Pam-A-Øn-s\t∏mse Kuch]q¿hw Nn¥n® as‰mcp kwL-S\ C¥y-bn-en-√. am\ho-I-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw aqey-h-Xv°-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw hgn-Iƒ Is≠-Øm≥ AXv {ian-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. cmjv{So-b-cw-KsØ aqey-h-Xv°-c-W-Øn\v Pam-AØv {]tXyI Du∂¬ \evIn. aqeym-[n-jvTnX cmjv{Sobw F∂ k¶-ev]-Øn\v AXv {]Nmcw \evIn. Cu k¶-ev]sØ bmYm¿Yy-am-°m-\p-XI - p∂ cmjv{Sob \b-\n-e-]m-Sp-Ifpw Pam-AØv cq]s∏SpØn. PmXn, aX, ]m¿´n ]cn-KW-\-I-fn-√msX aqey-t_m-[-ap≈ ÿm\m¿Yn-Isf sXc-s™-Sp-°m≥ P\-ßsf AXv Blzm\w sNbvXp. h¿Ko-b-Xsb sNdp-°p-∂-Xn\pw ^e-{]-Z-am-b t_m[\ -]-≤-Xn-Iƒ Pam-AØv Bkq-{XWw sNbvXp. h¿Ko-b-X-tbmSv Pam-A-Øn\v BZ¿i-]-c-ambn Xs∂ FXn¿∏p-≠v. Ckvemw h¿Ko-b-Xsb AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂n-√. a\p-jysc H∂mbn ImWp∂p AXv. a\p-jy¿°n-Sb - n¬ C∂p ImWp∂ hn`-P\ - ß - s - fbpw AXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-ß-sfbpw AXp-aqew h∂p tNcp∂ D®-\o-N-Ø-ß-sfbpw Ckvemw AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂n-√. Pam-AsØ Ckveman XØz-Ønepw {]tbm-K-Ønepw Ckvem-ans‚ Cu \ne-]mSv A£-cw-{]Xn A\p-[mh\w sNøp-∂p. cmPyw h¿Ko-bm-·n-bn¬ Fcn-™-t∏mƒ t]mepw Cu \ne-]m-Sn¬ \n∂v AXv ]X-dn-bn-√. h¿Ko-b-Xsb aXhpw apJhpw t\m°msX AXv FXn¿Øp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p Ct∏m-gpw. hn[n ssh]-co-Xy-sa∂v ]d-b-s´, h¿Kob kwL-S\ F∂ Btcm]Ww Pam-A-Øn\p t\scbpw D≠m-bn-´p-≠v. CtX ImcWw ]d™v c≠v XhW ˛1975-˛¬ ASn-b-¥n-cm-h-ÿ-°m-eØpw 1992-˛¬ _m_cn akvPnZv XI¿°-s∏-´t- ∏mgpw ˛kwL-S\ \ntcm[n°s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXn´p-≠v. F∂m¬ P\-ßf - psS tImS-Xn-bn-tem, \oXn-\ymb tImS-Xn-If - ntem Cu Btcm-]Ww hne-t∏m-bn-√. P\-hn-[n-bn-eq-sSbpw tImS-Xn-hn-[n-bn-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w eq-sSbpw \ntcm-[sØ AXn-Po-hn®v Pam-AØv A·n ip≤n hcpØn. aX-k-ln-jvWp-X-bpsS G‰hpw \√ amXr-I-bm-Im-\mWv Pam-AØv F∂pw {ian-®n-´p-≈-Xv. CXc aX-hn-izm-kn-I-fp-ambn AXv D‰-_‘w ]pe¿Øp-∂p. aX-ku-lm¿Z-Øn\v lm\n-I-c-amb Hcp \o°hpw CXphsc AXns‚ `mKØv \n∂p-≠m-bn-´n-√. F∂n´pw Pam-AØ - ns‚ ]pdØv h¿Kob ap{Z IpØp-∂-sX-¥n-\m-sW∂v a\- n-em-Ip-∂n-√. "\n߃ ssZh-hn-izm-kn-If - mWv, AXp-sIm≠v h¿Ko-bh - m-Zn-If - m-Im-Xn-cn-°m≥ Xcan-√' F∂mWv Hcp {]apJ am¿IvknÃv t\Xmhv CtX-°p-dn®v ]d-™Xv. Cu Xam-it- bm-sSm∏w Iq´n-hm-bn-t°-≠X - mWv Cµn-cm-Km-‘n-bp-sSbpw \c-knw-l-dm-hp-hn-s‚bpw Pam-AØv \ntcm-[-hpw. B¿.-F-kv.-F-kns\ \ntcm-[n-°p-∂Xv aqe-ap-≠m-Ip∂ Ak-¥p-en-Xm-hÿ ]cn-l-cn-°m-\mWs{X Ah¿ Pam-AsØ Ckvem-ansb \ntcm-[n-®Xv! Cu Xam-i°pw tXm∂ym-k-Øn-\p-sam∂pw Pam-A-Øn¬ h¿Ko-bX IpØn-sh-°m-\mbn-√. Ah¿Ko-b-X-bpsS Aac-ØmWv C∂pw AXns‚ ÿm\w. P\߃ CXv Xncn-®-dn-™n-´p-≠v. AXv aXn Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an°v A`nam-\n-°m≥. h¿Ko-bh - m-Zhpw Xo{h-hm-Zhpw Hcp {]iv\Ø - n\pw ]cn-lm-ca - √ F∂v Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an°v \√- t_m-[y-ap-≠v. `oI-c-{]-h¿Ø-\-߃ G‰hpw henb ]m]-am-Wv. \nc-]c - m-[sc _en-sIm-Sp-°p∂ CØcw {]h¿Ø\-߃ bp≤-th-f-bn¬ t]mepw Ckvemw AwKo-I-cn-®n-´n-√. Ch-sb√mw amc-I-tcm-K-ß-fm-Wv, acp-∂√ Hcn-°-epw. {Iqc-amb A\o-Xn°v hnt[-bam-Ip-∂-h-tcmSv t]mepw Cu am¿K-߃ Ah-ew-_n-°-cp-sX-∂mWv PamAsØ Ckveman D]-tZ-in-®n-´p-≈-Xv. P\-ßf - psS `oI-cX - t- ]mse Xs∂-bmWv `c-WI - q-S`- o-Ic - X - b - pw. \ncmbp-[-cmb P\-ß-fpsS \oXn-°p-th-≠n-bp≈ apd-hn-fnsb Bbp[w sIm≠v ASn-®-a¿Øp-∂Xv icn-b-√. temI-Øns‚ hnhn[ `mK-ß-fn¬ CXv \S-°p-∂p-≠v. Poh≥ ]hn-{X-am-Wv, \nc-]-cm-[n-I-fp-tSXv hnti-jn-®pw. im¥nbpw \oXnbpw ]pe-cp∂ Hcp temI-amWv \ΩpsS Bh-iyw. AXn\p th≠n bXv\n-°m≥ Pam-AsØ Ckveman {]Xn-⁄m-_-≤-amWv. ]pXnb \q‰m-≠ns‚ hnti-j-߃ hne-bn-cp-Øp-tºmƒ Bim-h-la√ a\p-jys‚ `mhn. a\p-jy-Xz-Øn-s‚bpw aqey-ß-fp-sSbpw sImSpw Zmcn-{Zy-amWv temIw A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°m≥ t]mIp-∂-Xv. hb-dns‚ hni∏v \Ωƒ AXn-Po-hn-®n-´p-≠v. Bflm-hns‚ hni∏v Fßs\ AXn-Po-hn°pw? H‰-aq-enI BcpsS ]°-ep-an-√. Nn¥n®pw At\z-jn®pw Is≠-tØ-≠nbn-cn-°p∂p ]cn-lmcw. Bfl-lXym ap\-ºn¬ \n∂v Pohn-X-Øn-te°p aS-ßm≥ thsd hgn-bn-√. {]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ s]¨Ip-´nsb tXSn Xpd∂ a\- p-ambn kZm DW¿∂n-cn-t°≠ ka-b-am-Wn-t∏mƒ.


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

A\p-_‘w 1 1941 BKkvXv 26-˛\v emtlm-dn¬ Pam-AsØ Ckveman cq]-hXv ° - c W tbmK- Ø n¬ kønZv A_p¬- A - A v e m auZqZn sNbv X A[y£ {]kw-K-Ønse {]k‡ `mK-߃: apkvenw-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ \ne-hn-ep≈ kwL-S-\-Ifpw \mw cq]-h-Xv°cn-°m≥ t]mIp∂ kwL-S-\bpw XΩn¬ Nne auenI hyXym-k-ß-fp≠v. H∂v: Ckvem-ans‚ GsX-¶nepw imJtbm apkvenw-I-fpsS GsX¶nepw `uXnI Xmev]-cy-ßtfm BWv CXc kwL-S-\-Iƒ Db¿Øn∏n-Sn-°p-∂-Xv. \Ωƒ Ckvem-an-s\, kºq¿W Ckvem-ans\ am{X-amWv Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn-°p-∂-Xv. c≠v: Ah-bpsS ]m¿´n LS\ CXc kwL-S-\-I-fp-tSXv Xs∂-bmWv. F∂m¬ \Ωƒ {]hm-N-I≥ ÿm]n® kwL-Øns‚ LS-\-bmWv sXc-s™-Sp-°p-I. aq∂v : apkv e nw kaq- l - Ø n¬ P\n- ® - h - s cms° "apkv e nw- I ƒ' BsW∂ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬-F-√m-h-scbpw Cu kwL-S-\-I-fn¬ Dƒs∏Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\m¬ hnizm-k-tbm-Ky-c-√m-Ø-hcpw henb DØ-c-hm-Zn-Ø߃ hln-°m≥ tbmKy-c-√m-Ø-hcpw Xmsg X´v apX¬ t\Xr-cwKw hsc, Cu kwL-S-\-I-fn¬ \nd-™n-cn-°pw. F∂m¬ \Ωƒ kXy-hmIy-Øns‚ bYm¿Y hnh-£bpw Xm¬]-cy-ßfpw icn-bmw-hÆw a\- nem°n a\- -dn™v hnizmkw sIm≠-hsc am{X-amWv kwL-S-\-bn¬ tN¿°p-I. \mev: a‰p kwL-S-\-I-fpsS ho£Ww C¥y-bn¬, C¥y-bn¬ Xs∂ apkvenw kap-Zm-b-Øn¬ ]cn-an-X-am-Wv. IqSp-X¬ hnim-e-amb ho£W-ap-≈h - ¿°v t]mepw temI-Ønse apkvenw-If - n¬ ]cn-an-Xa - mb ho£W-ta-bp-≈q. apkvenw-k-ap-Zm-b-Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp∂ Bfp-I-fn¬ HXp-ßp∂-XmWv Ah-bpsS {]h¿Ø-\w. apkvenw-I-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´ {]iv\ß-fnte Ahbv°v Xmev]-cy-ap-≈q. apkvenw-I-f-√m-Ø-h-cp-ambn _‘s∏´ H∂pw-A-h-bpsS {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ C√. F∂m¬ Ckvemw Xs∂-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w bmWv \ΩpsS {]ÿm-\w. Ckvem-am-Is´ temI-Ønse apgp-h≥ a\pjy-cp-tS-Xp-am-Wv. AXn-\m¬ \ΩpsS ZrjvSn GsX-¶nepw {]tXyI cmPyØnse {]tXyI kap-Zm-b-Øns‚ Xmev°m-enI {]iv\-ß-fn¬ DS°n \n¬°p-∂-X-√. {]Xyp-X, a\p-jy-cm-in-tbm-fw, `qtKm-f-tØmfw hnim-eamWXv. F√m a\p-jy-cp-sSbpw Pohn-X-{]-iv\-߃ \ΩpsS IqSn PohnX-{]-iv\-ß-fm-Wv. ssZh-Øns‚ {KŸhpw {]hm-N-Is‚ Ncybpw aptJ\-bmWv B {]iv\-߃°v \mw ]cn-lmcw ka¿∏n-°p-I. AXn-\m¬ \ΩpsS kwL-S-\-bn¬ P≥a\m apkvenw-I-fm-b-h-cn¬ \n∂v \√ hy‡nIƒ h∂p tNcp-∂-Xvt]mse P≥a\m apkvenw-I-f-√m-Ø-h-cn¬ \n∂p≈ `mKy-im-en-Ifpw h∂p-tN-cp-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°pw. Cu khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ aqe-amWv \ΩpsS kwL-S-\sb \mw CkvemanI {]ÿm\w F∂p hnfn-°p-∂X - v. Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an°v temIØv sNøm-\p≈ {]h¿Øn-sb-°p-dn®v k¶p-Nn-X-amb Hcp k¶-ev]hpw a\ n¬ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øc - p-Xv. hmkvXh - Ø - n¬ CXn\v Hcp {]h¿Ø-\a - W - vUew am{X-a√ D≈-Xv. Pohn-X-am-k-I-ew, AXns‚ F√m hni-Zo-I-c-W-ß-tfmSp-IqSn Cukw-L-S-\-bpsS {]h¿Ø-\-ta-J-e-bm-Wv. Ckvemw F√m a\pjy¿°pw th≠n-bp-≈X - m-Wv. a\p-jy-\p-ambn _‘-ap≈ F√mw Ckvemap-ambn _‘-s∏-´-Xm-Wv.


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

A\p-_‘w 2 {]apJ Ata-cn-°≥ ]WvUn-X≥ tPm¨ F¬. Fkvt]m-kn-t‰mbpsS \nco-£Ww Ccp-]Xmw \q‰m-≠n¬ XpS-°-an´ B[p-\nI ]cn-jvI-cW kwcw-`߃°v kam-¥-c-ambn cq]w sIm≠ c≠v ]pXnb \thm-∞m\ {]ÿm\-ß-fmWv CuPn-]vXnse lk-\p¬_-∂-bpsS apkvenw {_Z¿lpÕpw C¥ym D]-`q-J-WvU-Ønse auem\m auZq-Zn-bpsS Pam-AsØ Ckveman-bpw. Ccp-]Xmw \q‰m-≠nse Ckvem-anI kaqlw \n¿Wm-b-I-amb Hcp hgn-Øn-cn-hn-seØn \n¬°p-I-bm-sW∂ bmYm¿Yyw Ccp {]ÿm-\ßfpw Xncn-®d - n-™p. atX-Xc - h - m-Zn-Ifpw tamtU-Wn-Ãp-If - p-amb apkvenw ]cn-jvI¿Øm-°-sf-t∏mse Ahcpw Ckvem-anI kaq-l-Øns‚ B¥cnI Zu¿_-ey-ßfpw AXv ]m›mXy km{am-Py-Xz-Øns‚ `mKØv \n∂v t\cn-Sp∂ `oj-Wn-bpw, kmaq-lnI ]ptcm-K-Xn-bn¬ imkv{Xw-˛-km-t¶XnI hnZy-bpsS {]m[m-\yhpw Xncn-®d - n-™h - c - m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Ah¿ atX-X-c-˛-tam-tU-WnÃv ]cn-jvI¿Øm-°-fn¬\n∂v hyXy-kvX-am-bn, ]Sn™m-d≥ Nn¥m-[m-c-Isf hna¿in-°p-∂-Xnepw Ckvem-ans‚ kzbw ]cym]vX t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xnepw Gsd apt∂m-´p-t]m-bn. atX-Xc - h - m-Zn-Iƒ ]Sn-™m-dns‚ cmjv{So-b\ - m-bI - Xzw AwKo-Ic - n-°phm≥ hnk-Ω-Xn-s®-¶nepw Xß-fpsS h¿Ø-am-\hpw `mhnbpw \n¿Wbn-°p-hm≥ ]Sn-™m-tdm´v Xs∂ t\m°n \n∂p. Ah¿ ]m›mXy hkv{X-[m-cW coXn, BNm-cw, kwKo-Xw, Ie XpS-ßn-bh kzoI-cn-°pIbpw bqtdm-∏ns‚ cmjv{Sob kmº-ØnI hnZym-`ymk \nba ÿm]\-ßsf Ah-ew-_n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. F∂m¬ Ckvem-anI ]cnjvI¿Øm-°ƒ ]Sn-™m-dp-\n∂v h√Xpw kzoI-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v Ckvem-anI-amb am\-ZWvUw \n›-bn-°m≥ {ian-®p. Npcp-°-Øn¬ {_Z¿lp-Õns‚bpw Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bp-sSbpw ImgvN-∏m-Sp-Iƒ°v hy‡-Xbpw emfn-Xyhpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Iayq-Wn-khpw apX-em-fn-Øhpw ssZhn-I-aX-amb Ckvem-an\v A\y-amb a\p-jy-\n¿anX kn≤m-¥ß - s - f-bmWv {]Xn\n-[o-I-cn-°p-∂-sX∂pw ssZh-ln-X-a-\p-k-cn®v Pohn-°m-\m-{K-ln-°p∂ apkvenw-Iƒ, ]m›mXy Dev]-∂-ß-fmb skIyp-e-dn-khpw `uXn-Ihm-Zhpw Dt]-£n®v ]q¿W-ambn Ckvem-an-te°v aS-ßntb Xocq F∂pw Cu \thm-∞m-\-{]-ÿm-\-߃ hy‡-am-°n. Chsb kw_-‘n-®n-StØmfw Ckvemw hy‡n-]-c-hpw kmaq-ln-I-hp-amb Pohn-X-Øns‚ ka{K-amb Hcp Z¿i-\-am-bn-cp-∂p. F√m-‰n\pw ]Sn-™m-tdm´v am{Xw t\m°p-Ibpw ]m›m-Xy-X-Øz-


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w ß-fpsS hn\n-tbm-K-Øn¬ Ckvem-an-I-amb km[q-I-cWw Is≠-ØpIbpw sNbvX tamtU-Wn-Ãp-I-en¬\n∂v hyXy-kvX-am-bn, Ckvem-anI ]cn-jvI¿Øm-°ƒ Ckvem-ans‚ ]q¿W-Xbpw ka-{K-Xbpw Db¿Øn∏n-Sn-®p. apkvenw-Iƒ°m-h-iy-ap≈sX√mw Ckvem-anI ss]Xr-I-Øn¬ ImWm-hp-∂tXm AXn¬\n∂v \njv]-Zn-°m-hp-∂tXm BsW∂v Ah¿ ka¿∏n-®p. imkv{X kmt¶-XnI hnZy-Isf kzmKXw sNbvX-tXm-sSm∏w Xs∂ k¿h Imcy-߃°pw ]Sn-™m-dns\ B{i-bn-°p∂ `c-W-Iq-Sß-sfbpw _p≤n-Po-hn-Is - fbpw Ah¿ hna¿in-®p. apkvenw-ka - q-lØ - ns‚ \ho-I-c-Whpw kmaq-ly-]-cn-h¿Ø-\hpw B[p-\nI h¬°-c-Whpw Ckvem-anI aqey-ß-fnepw XØz-ß-fnepw Dd®v \n∂p-sIm≠v Xs∂ thW-sa∂v Ah¿ hmZn-®p.

A\p-_‘w 3 1947 G{]n¬ 25, 26 Xnø-Xn-I-fn¬ ]m‰v\-bn¬ tN¿∂ Pam-AsØ Ckveman ]q¿h taJem ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ alm-flm-Km-‘nbpw Hcp t{imXm-hm-bn-cp-∂p. ]nt‰ Znhkw Km‘nPn ]{X-߃°p \evInb {]kvXm-h-\-bmWv NphsS: ""Rm≥ C∂se Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ kw_-‘n-®p. AXv km[p-°-fpsS ktΩ-f-\-am-bn-cp-∂p. `n£-sb-Sp°p∂ km[p-°-fp-tS-X√; \≥a {]N-cn-∏n-°p-Ibpw a\p-jysc tkhn°p-Ibpw D®-\o-NXzw XpS-®p-\o-°p-Ibpw, \n߃ ssZh-Zm-k≥amcm-sW-¶n¬ ssZh-Øns‚ Iev]-\-Iƒ A\p-k-cn°q F∂v P\-ßtfmSv ]d-bp-Ibpw sNøp∂ km[p-°-fpsS ktΩ-f-\w. Ah-cpsS ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Ø-Xn¬ F\n°v tJZ-an√; kt¥m-j-ta-bp≈q. Ah¿ C\nbpw Fs∂ £Wn-®m¬ Im¬\-S-bm-sb-¶nepw AhcpsS ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ Rm≥ kw_-‘n-°pw.'' "k¿®vsse‰v', ]m‰v\, 27 G{]n¬, 1946


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w

Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ 1. `ph-\-hm-\-ß-fpsS {]Im-i-am-Ip∂p A√m-lp. Ahs‚ {]Im-i-Øns‚ D]a Cßs\: Hcp hnf-°p-am-Sw. AXn¬ Hcp hnf-°v. hnf°v Hcp kv^Sn-I-Øn-\I-Øv. kv^SnIw sh´n-Øn-fß - p∂ \£{Xw t]mse-bpw. ]m›m-Xytam ]uckvXytam A√m-Ø, A\p-Kr-loX Henhv ac-Øns‚ FÆ-sIm≠v AXv IØn°-s∏-Sp-∂p. Xo sXm´n-s√-¶n¬t]mepw AXns‚ FÆ {]Im-in-X-am-Ip-∂p. {]Im-i-tØmSp {]Imiw! A√mlp Xm\n-—n-°p-∂-hsc Xs‚ {]Im-i-Ønte°v \bn-°p-∂p. A√mlp P\-߃°p-th≠n DZm-lc - n-°p-∂p. kIe kwKXn-Ifpw Adn-bp-∂-h-\m-W-√m-lp. (Jp¿-B≥ 24: 35) 2. Xo¿®, Cu Jp¿-B≥ IrXy-amb icn-bn-te°v am¿K-Z¿i\w sNøp-∂p. kpIrXw sNøp∂ kXy-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ°v al-Ømb {]Xn-^-e-ap-s≠∂v ip`hm¿Ø \evIp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. (Jp¿-B≥ 17: 9) Xs‚ Zmk\v hy‡-amb ZrjvSm-¥-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm-Sp-∂-h-\mW-h≥; AXp-hgn At±lw \nßsf Ccp-´n¬\n∂v shfn-®-Øn-te°v \bn°m≥. Xo¿®-bmbpw \nß-tfmSv Ir]bpw Icp-W-bp-ap-≈-h-\m-W-√m-lp. (Jp¿B≥ 57: 9) 3. Xm≥ krjvSn® F√mw \∂mbn krjvSn-®-h-\m-W-h≥. a\pjy krjvSn Ifna-Æn¬\n∂v Bcw-`n®p Ah≥. ]ns∂ Ahs‚ hwim-h-ensb tæO-amb Hcp {Zmh-I-Øn¬\n-∂m-°n. ]n∂oSv Ahs\ k¥p-en-X-am-°p-Ibpw AXn¬ Xs‚ Bflmhv DuXp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Ah≥ \n߃°v ImXpw IÆpw a\ pw \evIn. \n߃ ImWn-°p∂ \µn Xp—w. (Jp¿-B≥ 32: 7˛9) 4. hmbn-°p-I, {kjvSmhmb \ns‚ \mYs‚ \ma-Øn¬ H´n-∏n-Sn-°p∂ hkvXphn¬\n∂v a\p-jys\ krjvSn®p Ah≥. hmbn-°p-I, \ns‚ \mY≥ AXypZm-c≥. Xqen-I-bpsS D]-tbmKw ]Tn-∏n®p Ah≥. a\p-jy\v Adn-hn-√m-ØXv ]Tn-∏n®p Ah≥. (Jp¿-B≥ 96: 1˛5) 5. Xß-fpsS ]°-ep≈ Xudm-Ønepw C©o-enepw tcJ-s∏´p ImWp∂ \nc£-c-\mb {]hm-N-I-Zq-Xs\ ]n¥p-S-cp-∂-h¿ At±lw Ah¿°v \≥a hn[n°p∂p; Xn≥a hne-°p∂p; ip≤ hkvXp-°ƒ A\p-h-Zn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂p, Aip≤ hkvXp-°ƒ \ntcm-[n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Ahsc sRcn-®p-sIm-≠ncn-°p∂ `mcw Cd-°n-sh-°p-∂p. Ahsc hcn-™p-sI-´nb Nß-e-Iƒ s]m´ns®-dn-bp-∂p. AXn-\m¬ At±-l-Øn¬ hniz-kn-°p-Ibpw At±-lsØ i‡ns∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw klm-bn-°p-Ibpw At±-lt- Øm-sSm∏w Ah-Xo¿W-amb {]ImisØ ]n¥p-S-cp-Ibpw sNøp-∂-h¿˛ Ah¿ am{X-am-Ip∂p hnPbw {]m]n°p-∂-h¿. (Jp¿-B≥ 7: 157) 6. ]d-bp-I, Ah≥ A√mlp; GI≥. Bscbpw B{i-bn-t°-≠m-Ø-h≥; F√mh¿°pw B{i-bn-t°-≠-h≥. Ah≥ k¥-Xn-tb-Xp-an-√. Ah≥ Bcp-sSbpw k¥m-\-hp-a-√. Ah∂p Xpey-\mbn Bcp-an-√. (Jp¿-B≥ 112: 1˛4) hm\-ß-fp-sSbpw `qan-bp-sSbpw {kjvSm-hv. Ah≥ \n߃°v \nßfn¬\n∂v Xs∂ CW-Isf krjvSn-®p. Imen-I-fnepw CW-Isf krjvSn-®p. Aßs\ \nß-fpsS hwisØ Ah≥ h¿[n-∏n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Ahs‚ kmZriyw t]mse t]mepw H∂p-an√ Ah≥ F√mw tIƒ°p-∂-h\pw ImWp∂-h\pw. (Jp¿-B≥ 42: 11)


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w 7. hm\ `ph-\-ß-fn-ep-≈-sX√mw kzta-[-bmbpw A√m-sXbpw A√m-lp-hns\ A\p-k-cn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ, A√m-lp-hn-\p≈ A\p-k-c-W-Øns‚ am¿Kw shSn™v a‰p am¿K-߃ At\z-jn-°p-I-bmtWm Ah¿, aS-tß-≠Xv Ah-\n-te°v Xs∂ Bbn-cns°? (Jp¿-B≥ 3: 83) 8. ac-Whpw Pohn-Xhpw krjvSn-®-h-\m-W-h≥; \nß-fn¬ G‰hpw \√ I¿aw sNøp-∂-h≥ Bcm-sW∂v ]co-£n-®-dn-bp-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n; Ah≥ i‡≥; F√mw s]mdp-°p-∂-h-\pw. (Jp¿-B≥ 67: 2) 9. {]hm-N-I≥, Xs‚ \mY-\n¬ \n∂v X\n°v Ah-Xo¿W-am-b-Xn¬ hniz-kn®p; kXy-hn-izm-kn-Ifpw Ah-sc-√m-hcpw A√m-lp-hnepw Ahs‚ amem-Ja - m-cnepw thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-fnepw {]hm-N-I≥am-cnepw hniz-kn-°p-∂p. ""R߃ {]hm-NI≥am-cn¬ BtcmSpw hnth-N\w ImWn-°p-∂n-√. R߃ tI´p. R߃ A\p-k-cn-®p. \mYm R߃ \nt∂mSv ]m]-tam-N\w tXSp-∂-h-cm-Ip-∂p. R߃ \n∂n-te°v aS-tß-≠-h-c-t√m.'' (Jp¿-B≥ 2: 285) ]d-bpI: R߃ A√m-lp-hn¬ hniz-kn-°p∂p; R߃°v Ah-Xo¿Wam-b-Xn-epw. C_vdm-low, Ckvam-Cu¬, CkvlmJv, bA-vJq_v k¥-Xn-Iƒ Ch¿°-h-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xnepw aqkm, Cukm F∂n-h¿°pw CXc {]hm-NI≥am¿°pw Ah-cpsS \mY-\n¬\n∂v Ah-Xo¿W-am-b-Xnepw R߃ hnizkn-°p-∂p. Ah-cn¬ BtcmSpw R߃ hnth-N\w Iev]n-°p-∂n√; R߃ A√m-lp-hns\ A\p-k-cn-°p-∂-h-c-t√m. (Jp¿-B≥ 3: 84) 10. kºq¿W Pohn-X-hy-hÿ F∂ Ckvem-ans‚ khn-ti-jX Ct∏mƒ Xncn®-dn™p XpS-ßn-bn-´p-≠v. "anen-‰‚ v Ckvemw' F∂ IrXn-bn¬ {]apJ ]m›mXy Nn¥-I≥ Pn.-F®v Pm≥k≥ Fgp-Xn-bXv Cßs\: Islam is not a religion and Mohammed is not the founder of Islam. This may seem a statement of extreme ISlamic hersy. Yet this is not too far from what two fundamentalist Islamic Scholars and reformers have to say about the basic tenets of these faith, Islam is not a religion in the common, disforted meaning of the word continuing itself to the private life of man. It is a complete way of life, catering for all the fields of human existence. Islam provides quidence for all walks of life individual and moral, economic and political, legal and cultural, national and international'. These words are echoed by every writer, Muslim or non-Muslim, dealing with the most essential characteristic of this faith, a characteristic which it doesnot share with any of the other higher religions. Because of this, it cannot be repeated too often that Islam is not merely a religion'. It is a total and unified way of life, both religious and secular, it is a set of beliefs and a way of worship, it is a vast and integrated system of law, it is a culture and a civilization; it is an economic system and a way of doing busines, it is a polity and a method of governance; it is a special sort of society and a way of running a family; it prescribes for inheritance and divorce, dress and etiquette, food and personal hygiene. It is a spiritual and human totality, This worldly and other -worldly. (G.H. Jansen, Militant Islam, p. 17)

11. BIm-i`- q-an-If - psS krjvSn-bnepw Zn\-cm-{X-߃ amdn-amdn hcp-∂X - nepw [njWm-im-en-IƒIIv ZrjvSm-¥-ß-fp-≠v. (Jp¿-B≥ 3: 190) ZrV-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ°v `qan-bn¬ ZrjvSm-¥ß - f - p-≠v. \nß-fpsS kz¥w icoc-ß-fn-epw. \n߃ ImWp-∂nt√? (Jp¿-B≥ 51: 20-21)


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w ]d-bpI: BIm-i-tem-IØpw `qtem-I-Øp-ap-≈-Xns\ kq£n-®p-t\m-°pI. hniz-kn-°mt\ hnNm-c-an-√, P\-Øn\p ZrjvSm-¥-߃sIm≠pw Xm°oXv sIm≠pw F¥v {]tbm-P\w? (Jp¿-B≥ 10: 101) 12. \mw \c-I-Øn\p th≠n Xs∂ krjvSn-®n-´p≈ [mcmfw a\p-jycpw Pn∂pI-fp-ap-≠v. Ah¿°v lrZ-b-ß-fp-≠v, F∂m¬ AXp-]-tbm-Kn®v Ah¿ a\- nem-°p-∂n√: Ah¿°v IÆp-I-fp≠v; AXp sIm≠-h¿ ImWp-∂n-√. Ah¿°v sNhn-If - p≠v; AXp-sIm-≠h - ¿ tIƒ°p-∂n-√. Ah¿ Imen-Isft∏msebmIp∂p. A√, Ah-sb-°mƒ hgn-]n-g®hcm-Ip-∂p. Ah¿ A{i-≤-cm-Ip-∂p. (Jp¿B≥ 7: 179) 13. a\p-jy-tc, \nßsf \mw Htc BWn¬\n∂pw s]Æn¬\n∂pw krj-Sn-®p. \nßsf tKm{X-ßfpw h¿K-ß-fp-am-°n-bXv \n߃ ]c-kv]cw Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ th≠n-bm-Wv. Xo¿®-bmbpw A√m-lp-hns‚ ASp-°¬ \nß-fn¬ G‰w BZ-cWo-b≥ G‰-hp-a-[nIw kq£vaX ]pe¿Øp-∂h-cm-Wv. F√m Adn-bp-∂-h\pw kq£va-⁄-\p-am-W-√m-lp. (Jp¿-B≥ 49: 13) ""P\-ß-tf, Adn-™p-sIm-≈pI: \n›bw \nß-fpsS \mY≥ GI-\m-Ip∂p. Ad-_n°v A\-d-_n-sb-°mtfm A\-d-_n°v Ad-_n-sb-°mtfm shfpØ-h\v Idp-Ø-h-s\-°mtfm Idp-Ø-h\v shfn-Ø-h-s\-°mtfm Hcp t{ijvTX-bp-an-√, ssZh-`‡ - n-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n-e√ - m-sX. ssZh-Øn-¶¬ \nß-fn¬ G‰hpw BZ-c-Wo-b≥ G‰hpw kq£va-X-bp-≈-h-\-t{X.'' (\-_n-h-N-\w) "a\p-jy-sc√mw No¿∏ns‚ ]√p-Iƒt]mse ka≥am-cm-Wv.'(\-_n-h-N-\w) 14. Sincerity, in all senses, seems to me the merit of the Koran'- Thomas carlyle 15. It it is not poetry- and it is hard to say whether it be or not- it is more than peotry. It is not history, nor biography. It is not authology, like the sermon on the mount: nor metaphysical dialictics, like the budhist sutras; nor subline homilites like platos conferences of the wise and foolish teachers. It is a prophet's cry, semitic to the core; yet of a meaning so universal and so timely that all the voices of the age take it up, willing or unwilling, and it echoes over palaces and diserts, over cities and empires.' -Dr. Johnson 16. However often we turn to it..... It soon attracts, astounds and in the end enforces our reverence..... Its style in accordance with its contents and aim, is stern, grand, terrible- ever and anon truly subline- Thus this book will go on exercising through all ages, a most potent influence' -Goethe (West-Oestlicher Divan) 17. "So wonderful a work, written in beautiful language and expressing the most profound and majestic of religious truths, could surely not have been written by a mere man, most certaily not by such an unlettered man as he was himself. It was indeed a miracle, the miracleof miracles, this book that had come down from heaven' - E. Royston pike (The Koran)

18. "P\-ß-tf, \nß-fpsS \mYs‚ D]-tZiw h∂p Ign-™p. a\- n-ep≈ tcmK߃°v ia-\m-W-Xv.- k-Xy-hnizmkn-Iƒ°v k≥am¿Khpw A\p-{K-l-hp-amWXv. {]hm-N-I-tc, ]d-bpI: A√m-lp-hns‚ HuZm-cyhpw Imcp-Wyhpw sIm≠mWv Ah≥ CXv Ab-®p-X-∂-Xv. AsX-∏‰n P\w kt¥m-jn-t°-≠-Xm-Ip-∂p. Ah-cpsS kIe kºm-Zy-ßs - f-°mfpw D¬Ir-jvSa - m-WX - v. (Jp¿-B≥ 10:57˛58) hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v Bizm-khpw Imcp-Wy-hp-amb NneXv Jp¿-B-\n¬\n∂v \mw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. F∂m¬ A{I-an-Iƒ°v AXv \jvS-a-√msX


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w as‰m∂pw A[n-I-cn-∏n-°p-∂n-√. (Jp¿-B≥ 17: 82) 19. kakvX a\p-jycpw ac-W-am-kz-Zn-t°≠hcm-Ip-∂p. \nß-fpsS I¿a-^ew A¥y-\m-fn¬ ]q¿W-ambn \evI-s∏-Spw. AhnsS \c-Im-·n-bn¬\n∂v AI-‰s∏-Sp-Ibpw kz¿K-Øn¬ {]th-in-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvX-h-\m-tcm, Ah-\s{X bYm¿Y hnP-bn. Cl-tem-I-Po-hnXw h©-\m-fl-I-amb Nc°v am{Xw. (Jp¿B≥ 3: 185) 20. A¥y-\mƒ Ft∏m-gm-sW∂v Ah¿ Xm¶-tfmSv tNmZn-°p-∂p. AXv ]d-bm≥ Xm¶ƒs°¥v? AXns‚ hnhcw Xm¶-fpsS \mY≥ am{Xw. Xm¶ƒ, AXns\ `b-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿°p≈ ap∂-dn-bn-∏p-Im-c≥ am{X-hpw. (Jp¿-B≥ 42˛45) 21. a\p-jy≥ I≠n-√-tbm, \mw Ahs\ tcX-kvI-W-Øn¬\n-∂mWv krjvSn-®sX-∂v. F∂n-´-h-\nXm sXfn™ IpX¿°n-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Ah≥ \ap°v DZm-l-c-W-߃ Na-bv°p-∂p. Xs‚ P≥asØ Ah≥ ad∂p If-™p. {Zhn®p-Ig- n™ Aÿn-Isf Pohn-∏n-°p-∂X - mcv F∂-h≥ tNmZn-°p-∂p. Ah-t\mSv ]d-bpI: t\csØ Ahs\ krjvSn-®-h-\mtcm Ah≥ Xs∂ ]p\-cp-÷o-hn∏n-°pw. F√m-Xcw krjvSn-Ie - bpw \∂m-bd - n-bp-∂h - \ - s{X Ah≥. (Jp¿-B≥ 36: 77-˛79) `qtem-Is - Øbpw hm\-tem-Iß - s - fbpw krjvSn-®n-´p≈ A√m-lp-hn\v Chsc-t∏m-ep-≈-hsc krjvSn-°p-hm≥ Xo¿®-bmbpw Ign-hp-s≠∂v Ch¿°v a\ n-em-bn-´nt√? Ahsc Hcp-an®p Iq´p-∂-Xn\v Ah≥ Hcp kabw \n›-bn-®n´p-≠v. AXns‚ BK-a\w \n w-i-b-am-Ip-∂p. ]t£, AXv \ntj-[n-°pI Xs∂ thW-sa∂v [n°m-cn-Iƒ°v imTy-ap-≠v. (Jp¿-B≥ 17: 99) \mw hnÆn¬\n∂v A\p-Kr-lo-Xa - mb XÆo-cn-d° - n. AXp-hgn tXm´-ßfpw [m\y-hn-f-Ifpw apf-∏n-®p. ]g-߃ Xnßnb Ipe-Iƒ ASp-°-Sp-°mbn Xqßp∂, \o≠p-b¿∂ Cu¥∏-\-Ifpw hf¿Øn. ASn-a-Iƒ°v Blm-c-am-bn-´m-WnXv. AXp-hgn \n¿Po-h-amb `qan°v \mw Poh-\-cp-fn. C{]-Im-c-amWv ]p\-cp∞m\w (Jp¿-B≥ 50: 9˛11) 22. AXn-`u-Xn-I-Im-cy-߃ Adn-bp-∂Xv Ah-\m-Ip∂p. AXn-`u-XnI cl-ky߃ Ah≥ B¿°pw shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-sIm-Sp-°p-∂n-√, Ah≥ CjvS-s∏´ ZqXs\m-gn-sI. (Jp¿-B≥ 72: 26-˛27) 23. tNmZn-°pI: hm\-˛-`p-h-\-ß-fn-fp-≈-sX√mw Bcp-tS-XmWv? ]d-bpI: F√mw A√m-lp-hn-t‚Xv am{Xw (Jp¿-B≥ 6: 12) 24. Ah-cpsS kº-Øn¬ tNmZn®p hcp-∂-h∂pw Pohn-X-am¿K-߃ XS-b-s∏-´h∂pw Ah-Im-i-ß-fp≠v (\-_n-h-N-\w) 25. P\-߃ tNmZn-°p-∂p, Ah-sc-¥mWv sNe-h-gn-t°-≠-sX-∂v. ]d-bpI: \n߃ sNe-h-gn-°p∂ apX¬, amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ°pw ASpØ _‘p-°ƒ°pw A\m-Y-Iƒ°pw AK-Xn-Iƒ°pw hgn-t]m-°¿°pw th≠n-bm-bn-cn-°-s´. \n߃ F¥v \≥a sNbvXmepw A√mlp Adn-bp-∂p-≠v. (Jp¿-B≥ 2: 215) \n¿_‘ Zm\-߃ ]m]-߃, AK-Xn-Iƒ, kImØv tPmen-°m¿, a\ p-Iƒ CW-°-s∏-tS-≠-h¿, F∂n-h¿°pw ASn-a-Ø-tam-N-\-Øn∂pw IS-_m[n-Xsc klm-bn-°p-∂-Xn-∂pw-ssZ-hn-I-am¿K-Øn∂pw k©m-cn-Iƒ°pw am{Xap-≈-Xm-Ip-∂p. CXv A√mlp \n¿tZ-in® IS-a-bm-Ip-∂p. A√mlp F√mw Adn-bp-∂-h\pw bp‡n-am-\p-am-W-t√m. (Jp¿-B≥ 9: 60) 26. \ns‚ \mY≥ hn[n-®n-cn-°p∂p: \n߃ Ah∂v am{X-a-√msX a‰m¿°pw


{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ {]ÿm\w Io-gvs∏-S-cp-Xv. amXm-]n-Xm-°-tfmSv \√ \ne-bn¬ h¿Øn-t°-Ww. \nß-fpsS ASp-°¬ Ah-cn¬ Hcm-tfm, c≠p-t]-cptam hm¿[Iyw {]m]n-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬, Ah-tcmSv "sO' F∂p-t]mepw ]d-b-cp-Xv. Ah-tcmSv ]cp-j-ambn kwkm-cn-°bp-a-cp-Xv. BZ-c-thmsS Ah-tcmSv kwkm-cn-°p-I. Imcp-Wy-Øns‚ Nnd-IpIƒ Ah¿°p-th≠n XmgvØn sImSp-°p-I. Ah¿°p-th≠n Cßs\ {]m¿Yn°p-Ibpw sNøpI: \mYm, Fs‚ Ip´n-°m-eØv Ah¿ Fs∂ Fßs\ kvt\l-hm-’-ey-ß-tfmsS ]cn-]m-en-®pthm, A{]-Imcw \o Ah¿°v ImcpWyw Acp-tf-Wta! (Jp¿-B≥ 17: 23-˛24) 27. ]mc-{XnI c£m-in-£-Isf \ntj-[n-°p∂hs\ \o I≠n-´pt≠m? A\mYsb B´n-b-I-‰p-∂-h\pw AK-Xn-bpsS Blmcw sImSp-°m≥ t{]cn-∏n-°mØ-h-\p-am-W-h≥ (Jp¿-B≥ 107: 1˛3) Ahƒ \ns∂ A\m-Y-\mbn ImWp-Ibpw At∏mƒ A`-b-ta-Ip-Ibpw sNbvXn-√tbm? \ns∂ hgn-b-dn-bm-Ø-h-\mbn ImWp-Ibpw At∏mƒ t\¿hgn-b-cp-fp-Ibpw sNbvXn-√tbm? \ns∂ \n¿[-\-\mbn ImWp-Ibpw At∏mƒ kº-∂-\m-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-√tbm? AXn-\m¬, A\m-Y-tbmSv \o ]cp-jambn s]cp-am-dm-Xn-cn-°p-I. bmN-Is\ hnc-´m-Xn-cn-°p-I. \ns‚ \mYs‚ A\p{K-lsØ {]kvXm-hn-°p-I. (Jp¿-B≥ 93: 6˛11) 28. imk-\m-[n-Imcw A√m-lp-hn\v am{Xw. Ah-s∂m-gnsI a‰m¿°pw \n߃ ASn-a-s∏-S-cp-sX∂v Ah≥ Iev]n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. AXs{X G‰hpw icn-bmb am¿Kw. ]t£, A[n-I-am-fp-Ifpw Adn-bp-∂n-√. (Jp¿-B≥ 12: 40) 29. {]t_m-[\w˛ ae-bmf hmcn-I, t_m[-\w˛ ae-bmf ssZzam-kn-I, tdUnb≥kv-˛- Cw-•ojv hmcn-I, ZA-v-h-Øv˛ D¿Zp ss{XZn-\w, knµ-Kn-˛-D¿Zp amknI. Im¥n˛ lnµn amkn-I, Im¥n˛ lnµn hmcn-I, apPm-ln-Zv˛ Ak-aokv hmcn-I, aokm≥-˛-_w-Kmfn hmcn-I, ka-ckw ˛X-angv ssZzhm-cn-I, KoØp-dmbn ˛sXep¶p hmcn-I, KoØp-dm-bn˛ sXep-¶p-am-kn-I, im¥n-am¿Kv˛ admTn hmcn-I, jmlo≥˛ KpP-dmØn hmcn-I, k≥am¿K˛ I∂S hmcn-I.


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