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Affected horses become stiff and have diﬃculty by moving and eating. Neaera Fletcher Around 90% of those diagnosed with tetanus • Pregnant mares should do not survive. Tetanus A vaccination is an injection is easily prevented by which stimulates the immune be fully vaccinated and vaccination. boosted 4-6 weeks system to give protection against a disease. Every horse pre-foaling. should be given flu and tetanus • Tetanus booster can be vaccinations - but only 35% of given at the same time. horses in the UK are currently This will protect the foal through the colostrum. vaccinated. • Vaccination is safe; Flu (equine influenza) is caused by a virus which affects side effects are very rare (<1:1000). the respiratory tract. Signs of • Very small needles are • Tetanus vaccination infection include high fever, coughing and nasal discharge. used, and the vaccination is effective from four takes seconds to perform. months of age. Infected horses incubate the • Under Jockey club and • A tetanus anti-toxin disease for 1-3 days before given at birth can FEI regulations, showing signs. Secondary provide temporary injections can’t be given infections can occur causing in the 7 days immediately protection to the foal bronchitis and pneumonia. before this age. before a competition. Flu is highly contagious and • Protection is given by can cause severe disease 2 vaccinations 4-6 weeks Tetanus is caused by outbreak in unvaccinated bacteria found in the soil, apart, then boosters horses. The risk is highest every other year. among young horses mixing in It enters the body via • A booster is also wounds including foot larger groups. recommended if your abscesses and scratches • Vaccinations are horse is wounded, to in the mouth. Signs of recommended from 5-6 enhance protection disease show 7-21 days months of age. The primary against tetanus. after the wound has course involves 2 injections, occurred. The toxin 21-92 days apart, followed by the first booster 150-215 days affects the nervous 24 hour after the second injection, then system and paralyses the muscles. annual boosters (within 365 emergency service days).
PARAGON VETERINARY GROUP Visit us at: www.paragonvet.com and please ‘like’ us on our FACEBOOK page www.facebook.com/ParagonVets.Equine
Contact us: CALDEW VETERINARY HOSPITAL Carlisle House, Townhead Road, Dalston, Carlisle CA5 7JF Tel: 01228 710208 firstname.lastname@example.org TOWNHEAD VETERINARY CENTRE Newbiggin, Stainton, Penrith, CA11 0HT Tel: 01768 483789 email@example.com LONDON ROAD SURGERY 87 London Road Carlisle CA1 2LG Tel: 01228 591005
SPECIAL OFFERS Running till the end of November, Boehringer are offering FOC ACTH (Cushings) blood test lab fees for horses and ponies not previously tested. For more information and to download your voucher please visit
NURSE CLINIC EQUINE HERPES by Kelly Smith BSc (hons) Equine Sports Science
During October we have a
15% discount on all equine dentals. Why not get a FOC dental check to see
if your horse would benefit from a dental. For more information please give us a call. During November we will be running another equine vaccination amnesty. All horses or ponies who start a primary flu or flu/ tetanus vaccination course during November will receive the 2nd vaccination of the course FOC. This is a saving of up to £37.75 per horse.
CLIENT NEWS Despite the awful weather we’ve all been enduring this summer, many of our clients have excelled in equestrian competitions. Congratulations to: * Rachel Walker who won the Blue Riband final at Scope and came fifth in the National Grade C Championship. * Emma Williams, who came third in the Shearwater Potential International Dressage Horse 4 year old final with Ducon. * Sophie and Lucy Jones who did really well at Equifest. * Angela Scott, Beth Ion, Brian Williams, George Holder, Christine Richardson and Amy and Holly Wybergh who all qualified for HOYS. If you’ve been missed off the list - please don’t be cross! We’ll be delighted to include your equestrian news in our next newsletter - so just send it to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Equine Herpes Virus (EHV) is widespread in horse populations throughout the world including the UK. There are five strains but the 2 most commonly found in horses are EHV-1 and EHV-4. • EHV-1 causes respiratory problems, abortion in pregnant mares and occasionally neurological problems that lead to paralysis. • EHV-4 causes mainly respiratory problems but can also be responsible for abortion in pregnant mares. • The virus is spread via the respiratory tract and can survive in the environment for up to 35 days. • Early clinical signs of EHV include high temperatures, coughing, nasal discharge, depression, lethargy and reduced appetite. Horses can also carry the virus without showing clinical signs. • Blood tests can diagnose exposure to EHV. Once diagnosed it’s important to isolate the affected horse and those who have been in contact. • Competition horses are most likely to catch and spread the virus as they come into contact with lots of horses in different locations. The virus can also be spread by people on their clothes. At Paragon we use a combined EHV-1 and EHV-4 vaccination (Duvaxyn EHV 1, 4 soon to be re-named Equip EHV 1, 4). The vaccine is only effective for horses not already carrying the virus. It can be given at the same time as flu and tetanus vaccinations. • To effectively reduce the risk of EHV abortion, the vaccine is recommended at 5, 7 and 9 months. • To vaccinate against respiratory disease a primary course must be given with 4-6 weeks between the first and second injections followed by 6-monthly boosters. • The vaccinations can start from 5 months of age.
Equine newsletter for October 2012