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PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014 INNOVATION IN MOTION INNOVATION EN MOUVEMENT

Official Review /

Rétrospective officielle www.paperweekcanada.ca

Blair Rydberg, Mill Manager of the Year / Directeur d’usine de l’année Tolko Manitoba Kraft Paper Mill

With the collaboration of / en collaboration avec:

Daniel Archambault, PAPTAC Chairman, Président de PAPTAC, Executive VP / VP exécutif, Kruger Inc.


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©2012 Buckman Laboratories International, Inc.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS Table des matières EDITORIAL / Éditorial

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Once more this year, PAPTAC in collaboration with media partners Paper Advance and Le Maître papetier, offered extensive coverage of the event, providing exclusive material of the event’s highlights. Encore une fois cette année une couverture exhaustive de l’événement a été offerte par PAPTAC en collaboration avec Le Maître Papetier et Paper Advance, fournissant du matériel exclusif afin de souligner les aspects les plus saillants de PaperWeek Canada.

100TH ANNIVERSARY / 100e anniversaire

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Since the first meeting in 1915, the basic principles of PaperWeek still apply. Depuis le premier congrès en 1915, les principes de base de PaperWeek s’appliquent encore.

10 NATIONAL PAPTAC AWARDS / Prix nationaux PAPTAC The National Business Awards and life achievements ceremony. La cérémonie de remise des prix affaires et d’accomplissements.

RECEPTION & AWARDS / Réception & prix

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Before the bell: welcome message and awards

KEYNOTE SPEAKERS / Conférenciers invités

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Keynotes agree! Les conférenciers invités approuvent !

A CROWNING EVENT / 28 Un évènement couronné de succès The “Buzz” in the corridors. Ça discute dans les corridors !

FIBRE DAY / Journée FIBRE

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A full day devoted to FIBRE’s R&D networks. Une journée complète dédiée aux réseaux de FIBRE.

32 INTERNATIONAL FOREST BIOREFINERY SYMPOSIUM / Symposium international sur le bioraffinage forestier

The 4th edition of the International Forest Biorefinery Symposium. La 4e édition du Symposium sur le bioraffinage.

CONFERENCE TRACKS / 34 Les sessions Four very full days of sessions Quatre jours de sessions bien remplis

CAREER FAIR / Foire des carrières

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The 2nd Career Fair - A contact between industry and workforce. La 2e foire des carrières - Le contact entre l’industrie et la main d’oeuvre.

PAPTAC is a Canadian-based non-profit organization, dedicated to improving the technical and professional capabilities of its members worldwide, and to the advancement of the pulp and paper industry. PAPTAC est une organisation à but non lucratif établie au Canada et vouée à l’amélioration des compétences techniques et professionnelles de ses membres partout dans le monde, ainsi qu’à l’avancement de l’industrie des pâtes et papiers. Published by / publié par :

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PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

EDITORIAL Éditorial Once more this year PAPTAC, in collaboration with media partners Paper Advance and Le Maître papetier, offered extensive coverage of the event, providing exclusive material of the event’s highlights. Centered on the theme InnovaGreg Hay tion in Motion, which has charPAPTAC Executive acterized the value that this long Director standing event has brought to employees and companies of our industry, the 100th edition of PAPTAC’s Annual Meeting was a great success as demonstrated by the increased number of attendees (more than a 1100) as well as the several newly developed topics. New tracks were featured such as Reliability, Industry Workforce and Dissolving Pulp Advancements to respond to the interests and needs of the P&P industry. As well as a second Career Fair, some key subjects introduced last year were presented again, such as Tissue and Packaging, to which 3 entire sessions were dedicated.

Encore une fois cette année une couverture complète de l’événement a été offerte par PAPTAC en collaboration avec Le Maître Papetier et Paper Advance, fournissant du matériel exclusif afin de souligner les aspects les plus saillants de PaperWeek Canada. Centré autour de l’innovation en mouvement, leitmotiv de cet événement de longue date qui a apporté de la valeur aux employés et aux entreprises de notre industrie, la 100e édition du congrès annuel de PAPTAC a été un grand succès comme en témoigne l’augmentation du nombre de participants (plus de 1100), ainsi que les sujets davantage développés. De nouveaux programmes ont été présentés afin de répondre aux intérêts et aux besoins de l’industrie des P & P notamment sur la fiabilité, la main-d’œuvre de l’industrie et la pâte dissolvante. En plus d’n deuxième Salon de l’emploi, certains sujets clés introduits l’année dernière ont été approfondi tels que le tissu et l’emballage, auxquels 3 séances entières ont été consacrées.

PaperWeek Program Committee / Comité du programme PaperWeek

Yvon Pelletier Fortress Paper, President Program Chairman

Patrick Corriveau Resolute Forest Products Vice President Operations

Stéphane Lamoureux Kruger Products, Corporate VP Manufacturing

Benoît Painchaud Kruger Place Turcot Mill Manager

PAPTAC would like to thank the special guests who were PAPTAC aimerait remercier les invités spéciaux qui ont present at the Table of Honor for the Banquet organized to été présents à la table d’honneur du Banquet commémoratif du 100e Anniversaire de PaperWeek. celebrate the 100th Anniversary of PaperWeek Canada. Daniel Archambault, Executive VP, Kruger, PAPTAC Chairman Joseph Kruger II, Chairman & CEO, Kruger Inc. Pierre Lapointe, CEO, FPInnovations Chris Black, Senior VP, Tembec David Boles, President, Atlantic Packaging David Lindsay, CEO, FPAC Glenn Mason, Assistant Deputy Minister, CFS Daniel Burron, CFO, Domtar Yvon Pelletier, President, Fortress (Program Chair) Rodger Fuller, Group VP, Sonoco Brian Grantham, General Manager, West Fraser André Piché, VP Operations, Resolute Forest Products Blair Rydberg, Site Manager, Tolko Greg Hay, Executive Director, PAPTAC James D. Irving, Chairman & CEO, J.D. Irving Ltd. David Spraley, Executive VP & COO, Kruger Inc. Chad Wasilenkoff, CEO, Fortress Robert K. Irving, President, Irving Tissue

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PaperWeek Review / Rétrospective PaperWeek


WANNA LIVE THE GREEN DREAM AND GET PAID FOR IT? THE CANADIAN FOREST PRODUCTS INDUSTRY IS HIRING!

The 21st-century Canadian forest products industry requires savvy trailblazers who care about their future, the environment and quality of life. The industry is proud to be forging an innovative path to a green and growing future. To do so it needs 60,000 workers or more by 2020 to help fill a long list of jobs such as: millwrights, electricians, engineers, human resource specialists, sales staff, truck drivers, foresters, chemists, communicators and more.

/thegreenestworkforce 1913-2013 YEARS

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PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

PAPERWEEK’S 100TH ANNIVERSARY 100e Anniversaire de PaperWeek On the night of the 100th Anniversary Banquet, Dragons Den’s Mr. David Chilton addressed participants of the importance of financial restraint in our personal lives. Can parallels be made for an industry whose growth outlook seems unhurried and for an industry that is just coming out of a disruptive decade ? “Don’t try to make links between the Dragon’s presentation and the industry” is what a representative of PAPTAC told me during this special occasion. The Pulp and Paper Technical Association of Canada wanted participants to enjoy a good talk and to relax. A hundred years of hard work was worth it. Hard work and plenty of enjoyable editions of PaperWeek remembered PAPTAC’s Chair Daniel Archambault (Executive Vice-President at Kruger), who hosted am impressive headtable of industry CEOs gathered to celebrate the centennial.

Lors de la soirée du banquet du 100e Anniversaire, M. David Chilton de Dragons Den a averti les participants de l’importance des restrictions financières dans nos vies personnelles. Quels parallèles peut-on faire avec une industrie dont les prévisions de croissance semblent au ralenti et qui sort tout juste d’une décennie déstabilisante ? “N’essaye pas de faire des liens entre la présentation de Dragons Den et l’industrie” est ce qu’un représentant de PAPTAC m’a dit lors de cette occasion spéciale. PAPTAC tenait à ce que les participants profitent d’une bonne discussion et puissent relaxer. Cent ans de dur labeur en valait la peine. Dur labeur et bon nombre d’éditions de PaperWeek rappelait le Président du Conseil M. Daniel Archambault (Vice-Président Exécutif chez Kruger), l’hôte d’une table d’honneur comprenant un nombre important de PDG rassemblés pour l’évènement. Un nouveau comptoir de cuisine ? Granite ou cellulose nanocristalline ? Oui, Chilton est un conférencier inspirant et motivateur. Ses anecdotes, précédant les grands airs de Natalie Choquette, se voulaient tant éducatives que divertissantes ! Une des histoires classiques que David Chilton partage dans ses présentations concerne la taille de son domicile. Il s’agit d’un investissement petit, humble et intelligent. « Nous vivons dans une société ultra dépensière dit-il, dans laquelle si vous n’avez pas

New kitchen counter? Granite of nanocrystalline cellulose? Yes, Chilton is an inspirational and motivational speaker. His anecdotes, preceding Natalie Choquette’s arias were meant as edutainment! One of the stories repeated by David Chilton in his presentations concerns the size of his home. It’s small, humble and a wise investment. “We live in an overspending society” he says, “one in which if you don’t have a granite countertop you are missing something but look at what you have, not at what you don’t.” The problem is not the slick look of granite but the grim perspective or retirement

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without savings and maybe also what you cannot do with the granite money. Hard industrial assets are expensive too! The day before, participants heard consultant Sten Nilsson, CEO of Forest Sector Insights AB. No edutainment here but a real wake up call. The title of his presentation: “Transformation of the Canadian Forest Industry Sector, is Tabula Rasa required?” Still facing daunting challenges, the industry should replace Boards of Directors too focused on dividend with strategic thinkers. “Up to one third of margins” could be allocated to transformational technologies – not granite! After the large expenditures of the mid-1990s where competition appeared to be based on who had the largest and most expensive mill, consolidation and some Chilton like restraint may be the new buzzwords. But this will have little effect if it comes from insignificant investments on scientific and technological opportunities. Our advantage: “a long experience”. Our future: “it depends on the industry,” says Nilsson.

Keynotes agree! Brian McClay, Principal Consultant of Brian McClay and Associates, outlined the current global pulp markets and a glimpse into the future for pulp fiber. If the total world market for all pulp fiber types is about 59 million t/y it is a growing one and it is characterized by high volatility, fragmentation and vey long intercontinental shipping distances. He recalled Canada was the second largest producer after Brazil and that demand was driven in large parts by China (buying 30% of the world pulp supply).

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de comptoir en granite, vous manquez quelque chose, mais attardez-vous sur ce que vous avez, pas sur ce que vous n’avez pas. » Le problème n’est pas le côté superficiel du granite mais la triste perspective d’une retraite sans épargne et peut-être aussi ce que vous ne pouvez pas faire avec l’argent de ce granite. Les biens durables industriels sont couteux !

Le jour précédent, les participants ont pu entendre le consultant Sten Nilsson, PDG de Forest Sector Insights AB. Pas de divertissement ici mais bien un véritable signal d’alarme. Le titre de sa présentation : “Transformation of the Canadian Forest Industry Sector, is Tabula Rasa required ?” Faisant toujours face à des défis intimidants, l’industrie devrait remplacer les conseils de direction, trop axés sur les dividendes, par des penseurs stratégiques. « Jusqu’à un tiers des marges » pourraient être allouées aux technologies de transformation – pas dans du granite! Après les folles dépenses du milieu des années 90 où la compétition semblait être basée sur qui aurait l’usine la plus grosse et la plus chère, la consolidation et les restrictions « Chiltoniennes » sont peut-être les nouveaux mots d’ordre. Mais l’impact sera limité si cela provient d’investissements insignifiants dans des opportunités scientifiques et technologiques. Notre avantage : « une vaste expérience ». Notre futur : « cela dépend de l’industrie », dit Nilsson. Les conférenciers approuvent ! Brian McClay, Consultant Principal chez Brian McClay et Associés, a défini les marchés mondiaux actuels de With the collaboration of / en collaboration avec :

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PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

Richard Garneau, President and CEO of Resolute Forest Products (RFP), kicked-off PaperWeek 2014 with an address centered on the challenges facing the forest products industry today and its challenges to adjust to stiff competition and market conditions. “Costs must be squeezed to retain competitiveness with limited capital resources”, he says. For Garneau the future success of the forest products industry is driven by sustainability, diversification and workforce renewal. On this latter element of success, participants to Wednesday’s luncheon had the chance to hear an excellent presentation on social media recruiting by Ms. Mireille Couture, Talent Acquisition Specialist and Christiane Jacques, Human Resources Service Manager, Bombardier Recreational Products (BRP). Insights from the outside are always welcome! As if answering RFP’s preoccupations (renewing 40% of its workforce in less than five years is certainly a challenge), Ms Jacques stressed the importance of developing a tailored approach to attract candidates. Each company must thus build a plan adapted to its own situation. Four very full days PaperWeek 2014 showcased a wide variety of events - from the International Biorefinery Symposium, the tradeshow, the second edition of the National Career Fair, and, for a second year a full ‘FIBRE Day’. This is where Theo van de Ven, Director of the FIBRE Network reflected on the most recent work and technological advancements designed to transform the forest products industry before inviting participants to the 2nd FIBRE Conference that will be held from May 12th

la pâte et donné un aperçu du futur pour la fibre de pâte. Il a rappelé que le Canada était le deuxième producteur après le Brésil et que la demande provenait pour la majeure partie de Chine (achetant 30 % de la pâte mondiale).

Richard Garneau, PDG de Produits Forestiers Résolus (RFP), a donné le coup d’envoi de PaperWeek 2014 avec une allocution centrée sur les défis auxquels l’industrie des produits forestiers doit faire face aujourd’hui et les défis liés à l’ajustement à une compétition et des conditions de marchés difficiles. Les coûts doivent être compressés afin de demeurer compétitif avec des ressources en capital limitées dit-il. Pour Garneau le succès futur de l’industrie des produits forestiers est mené par le développement durable, la diversification et le renouvellement de la main d’oeuvre. Au sujet de ce dernier élément crucial, les participants au Lunch Conférence de mercredi ont eu la chance d’entendre une excellente présentation sur le recrutement et les réseaux sociaux par Mireille Couture, Spécialiste Acquisition Talents, et Christiane Jacques, Chef de Service Ressources Humaines, Bombardier Produits Récréatifs (BRP). Des idées de l’extérieur sont toujours les bienvenues ! Comme réponse aux préoccupations de PFR (renouveler 40 % de la main d’œuvre en moins de cinq ans est tout un défi), Mme Jacques a souligné l’importance de développer une approche sur mesure pour attirer les candidats. Chaque entreprise doit donc créer un plan adapté à sa propre situation. Quatre jours bien remplis PaperWeek 2014 a donné lieu a bon nombre d’évènements. Le Symposium international sur le

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-15th 2014 in Vancouver, British Columbia. This invitation is likely to be answered by many as a follow up to what constituted this centennial edition’s first day: discussions on the latest research and innovation. PaperWeek 2014 was organized along various thematic technical tracks. Mr. Greg Hay, PAPTAC’s Executive Director explains how this was planed “to attract the most multidisciplinary audience” by the Program Committee (Mr. Yvon Pelletier (Chair), Fortress Paper, Mr. Benoit Painchaud, Kruger, Mr. Patrick Corriveau, Resolute Forest Products and Mr. Stéphane Lamoureux, Kruger). Parallel sessions were held on packaging, reliability, tissue, industry workforce and bioenergy. According to Mr. Hay, the structure of the four-day conference probably led to this year’s record attendance: 1,117 delegates. Certainly the largest number over the past 6 years. Greg Hay is especially proud of the outstanding number of participants from mills (over 250) and of the tradeshow’s success. “Sold out he says! 47 exhibitors travelled from across the country and abroad for a chance to present their services and technology, if this is not ‘innovation in motion’ (the conference’s theme) in the literal sense of the term, I wonder what is,” says Greg Hay jokingly. The conference is one of the most respected in the world and, since its first meeting in 1915, most of the basic principles at its base are still applicable: stimulating interest in the science of paper and providing a forum to exchange ideas among members.

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Bioraffinage, le salon des exposants, la deuxième édition de la foire des carrières et pour une deuxième année une « journée FIBRE » complète. C’est là que Theo van de Ven, Directeur du réseau FIBRE a fait état des plus récents travaux et avancements technologiques conçus pour transformer l’industrie des produits forestiers avant d’inviter les participants à la 2e Conférence FIBRE qui aura lieu du 12 au 15 mai 2014 à Vancouver, C.-B. PaperWeek 2014 a été organisé autour de diverses sessions thématiques. M. Greg Hay, Directeur exécutif de PAPTAC explique que cette planification du Comité de programme (M. Yvon Pelletier (Président), FortressPaper, M. Benoit Painchaud, Kruger, M. Patrick Corriveau, Produits Forestiers Résolu et M. Stéphane Lamoureux, Produits Kruger) avait pour but « d’attirer un auditoire des plus multidisciplinaires ». Des sessions ont eu lieu en parallèle sur l’emballage, la fiabilité, le tissu, la main d’œuvre de l’industrie et la bioénergie. Selon M. Hay, la structure de cette conférence de quatre jours a probablement mené à ce record de participation : 1117 délégués. Assurément le plus grand nombre des 6 dernières années. Greg Hay est particulièrement fier du nombre exceptionnel de participants d’usines (plus de 250) et du succès du salon des exposants. « C’était complet ditil ! 47 exposants ont voyagé à travers le pays et de l’étranger pour avoir la chance de présenter leurs services et technologies, si cela n’est pas de ‘l’innovation en mouvement’ (le thème de la conférence) au sens littéral du terme, je me demande bien ce que c’est, » dit Greg Hay à la blague. Cette conférence est l’une des plus respectées à travers le monde et, depuis le premier congrès en 1915, la plupart de ses principes de base s’appliquent encore: stimuler l’intérêt dans la science du papier et fournir un forum d’échange d’idées entre les membres.

Published by / publié par :

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PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

NATIONAL PAPTAC AWARDS Prix nationaux PAPTAC National Awards for business leadership, research & technical papers,and for service to the Canadian pulp and paper industry were presented at PaperWeek Canada. John S. Bates Memorial Gold Medal Dr. Honghi Tran, Frank Dottori Professor of Pulp & Paper Engineering, Professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Director of the Pulp and Paper Centre at the University of Toronto, and Chief Editor of the Journal of Science and Technology for Forest Products & Processes (J-FOR), was presented the John S. Bates Memorial Gold Medal, one of PAPTAC’s highest individual honours, awarded to a member of the Association in recognition of their long-term contribution to the science and technology of the pulp and paper industry. Dr. Honghi Tran & Daniel Archambault

The PAPTAC National Business Awards, recognize mill leadership excellence in three specific management fields: Safety Leadership, Environmental Strategy and Mill Management.

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Winner of the Safety Leadership Award Gagnant du Prix du leadership en matière de sécurité

Winner of the Environmental Strategy of the Year Award Gagnant du Prix de la stratégie environnementale de l’année

Winner of the Mill Manager of the Year Award Gagnant du Prix du directeur d’usine de l’année

Robert Dufresne & Yvon Pelletier

Patsy Inglis & Glenn Mason

Blair Rydberg & Daniel Archambault

Resolute Forest Products St-Félicien Mill Produits forestiers Résolu Usine de St-Félicien

Domtar Windsor Mill Usine Domtar de Windsor

Blair Rydberg, Mill Manager Tolko Manitoba Kraft Paper Mill The Pas, Manitoba

PaperWeek Review / Rétrospective PaperWeek


PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

WELCOME RECEPTION & TECHNICAL AWARDS Réception de bienvenue et prix techniques Before the bell: welcome message and awards On the eve of the opening day of the historic 100th anniversary of PaperWeek Canada Greg Hay, Executive Director of PAPTAC, gave a hearty greeting to delegates and award recipients assembled at the Welcoming and Awards Reception. He thanked the staff of PAPTAC and the organizing committee for putting together an impressive program suitable for the occasion. In addition to the tracks featuring technical and business presentations and many keynote speakers he singled out the Career Fair on Tuesday and Wednesday that would bring together the industry’s leading companies and potential professional recruits. He stressed that this event would be important to the industry’s desire to renew its workforce. He also noted that all proceedings of the conference would be available online through delegates’ portable communications devices. Next, several awards of recognition were given to industry professionals for their contribution to the industry. The Howard Rapson Memorial Award for the Best Chemical Pulp Bleaching Paper was bestowed upon James Goldman and Michael Summerford of Metso. The award was received by Doug Reid of AkzoNobel. The F.G. Robinson Award for exceptional service by a Technical Community Chair was awarded to Paul Earl of Paul Earl Consulting for his work as the Chair of the Bleaching Community. The award was received by colleague Mike Schofield. Dr. Adriaan van Heiningen of the University of Maine was awarded the Distinction Award for his leadership in the advancement of the Forest Biorefinery. The award was received by Xuejun Zhou of FPInnovations. Finally, Dr. Derek Gray of McGill University received the I.H. Weldon Award for the Best Overall Paper for his presentation on Crystalline Nanocellulose. Doug Reid & Greg Hay

Patrice Mangin & Dr. Derek Gray

Xuejun Zhou & Paul Stuart

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PaperWeek Review / Rétrospective PaperWeek

Mike Schofield


Next-generation fibre and paper products. Today.

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PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

KEYNOTE SPEAKER Conférencier invité ‘’Richard Garneau keynote; challenges and adjustments’’ Richard Garneau, President and CEO of Resolute Forest Products, kicked-off PaperWeek 2014 with a keynote address, to an overflow crowd, about the challenges facing the forest products industry today and its challenges to adjust to market conditions and stiff competition, to squeeze out costs and to remain competitive in a difficult economic environment with limited capital resources. He also stressed the need to replenish a mature workforce and to ensure the company’s operations are sustainable. He emphasized that a successful forest products producer must make cost reduction initiatives, manage product inventory levels, make mill process innovations, adjust supply chain management with initiatives that customer want and make disciplined capital investments aimed at the future. A focus on safety was a top priority, as well. All of this requires some creative, innovative thinking, he says. He noted the need to get more value from fiber resources, producing sources of green energy to reduce costs and gain extra revenue. Protecting water resources was also a priority. New possibilities for extra revenues, as outlined in FPAC’s Vision2020 strategy, included stretching the value of harvested trees, developing new products from cellulose fibre and chemical by-products could generate some of the extra revenue projected. He states that the future success of the forest products industry is driven by diversification, workforce renewal and sustainability. He says that sustainability is a driving business force; in fact it is ingrained in business strategies. But it is more than a commitment to the environment, it includes social and economic priorities. That is to say, preserving jobs and social structures as well as the environment.

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PaperWeek Review / Rétrospective PaperWeek

Richard Garneau, President & CEO Resolute Forest Products

PaperWeek YouTube Channel Entrevue en français avec Richard Garneau : Les 3 clés du succès : diversification, recrutement et développement durable - Disponible sur youtube

Cliquez sur l’image pour accéder à l’entrevue avec Richard Garneau


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PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

KEYNOTE SPEAKER Conférencier invité ‘’Sobering thoughts on transformation’’ At the Tuesday luncheon, Sten Nilsson, CEO of Forest Sector Insights AB, gave a provocative presentation entitled “Transformation of the Canadian Forest Industry Sector, is Tabula Rasa (literally, a blank slate) required.” He takes a pessimistic view of how the complex global economy has dark clouds over it and we may be in for years of bubble-boom-bust cycles or low growth rates in our industry. He has seen a global shift of pulp and paper capacity form north to south hemispheres and lost capacity in pulp and paper that is gone forever. But he makes the point that 65 % of the NBSK capacity has a technological age of 30 years and that it will be very expensive to transform it. Moreover, embattled printing papers have not hit bottom yet, and Canada’s productive papermaking capacity is not in balance with supply. He says that only 10% of currently installed capacity has solid growth potential that the industry is looking for. The industry is not in line with the times and lacks a coordinated strategy, he says. Sobering thoughts, but what is the way out? Nilsson says that barriers must be removed since, in his words, “innovation is disfunctional and industry strategy is too small on a global scale”. Visionary leadership is needed and short-term, dividend-conscious Boards of Directors need to be replaced with more forward thinkers. Up to one third of margins could be allocated to transformational technologies. He says we need to take new directions to create value. This may involve collaboration with other industrial partners who have deep pockets. He sees a stronger role for governments, who must get engaged and encourage more long-term thinking, R&D and perhaps finance bio-economy projects with bonds. He sees, or industry should latch on to, transformational technologies like 3-D and 4-D and innovations like UPM’s bio-fibre automobile. He even speculates on a

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PaperWeek Review / Rétrospective PaperWeek

Sten Nilsson, CEO Forest Sector Insights AB wood products city that would be comprised of many parts which are made from fiber. Forward thinking, yes.

PaperWeek YouTube Channel Interview with Sten Nilsson : A Reality Check for the Industry? - Available on youtube

Click on the image to access the interview with Sten Nilsson


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PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

MARKET ANALYSIS WAS ALSO PART OF THE IMPRESSIVE KEYNOTE PROGRAM AT PAPERWEEK

L’analyse de marché faisait aussi partie de l’impressionnant programme

‘’World pulp markets: a detailed analysis’’ Brian McClay, Principal Consultant of Brian McClay and Associates, gave a Tuesday morning keynote address outlining the current global pulp markets and a glimpse into the future for pulp fiber. He says the total world market for all pulp fiber types is about 59 million t/y and growing. It is characterized by high volatility, fragmentation and vey long intercontinental shipping distances. Prices are subject to occasional large price shocks due to weather and other natural occurrences such as earthquakes. Pulp production and exports are extremely important to Canada as we are the number two producer in the world after Brazil. Market pulp demand is growing largely thanks to a burgeoning demand from China where 85% of pulp imports feed non-integrated mills. China , which buys 30% of the world pulp supply, is the largest part of Canada’s pulp export business. With large projects in Latin America and Southeast Asia just coming or about to come on line BEK capacity has been growing at an annual rate of 9 percent over the last ten years. Meanwhile NBSK, which is Canada’s flagship grade, checks in with a 1.3 % annual growth over the same period. McClay says there will be too much BEK for the market to absorb over the next few years so prices will soften. He says NBSK has room to grow in pricing and the spread between BEK and NBSK will widen. The unknown wild card is Russia which has vast softwood forest resources but questionable infrastructure. McClay says long term trends for pulp in printing and writing papers is flat but specialty papers and tissue will provide growth. China will continue to drive global fiber markets, and emerging economies will also provide good growth potential. Market pulp demand growth is expected to be 4% per year for bleached hardwood kraft and 2% for bleached softwood kraft.

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Brian McClay, Principal Consultant Brian McClay and Associates

PaperWeek YouTube Channel Interview with Brian McClay : An Insight into the Pulp and Paper Industry - Available on youtube

Click on the image to access the interview with Brian McClay


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PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

KEYNOTE SPEAKER Conférencier invité ‘’Domtar: accelerating and braking at the same time’’ John Williams, President and CEO of Domtar, opened Wednesday of PaperWeek with a keynote address that in many ways sets the tone for the transformational mode that the Canadian forest products industry is in right now, while still holding a strong position in its traditional pulp and paper markets. Williams points out that the industry and Domtar have a fine and proud legacy in Canada. As an example, Domtar, along with PAPTAC, is celebrating its centenary as Montreal-based organizations. But the winds of change have already taken hold at Domtar and Williams likens it to braking and accelerating at the same time. How so? While Domtar is the number one uncoated freesheet producer in North America and has the pulp fiber mills to support that position, the traditional markets are declining at a projected rate of 3 to 5% a year. That’s the breaking, or at least the slowing, part. But the acceleration part is in new ventures such as fiber-based personal care products. Transforming wood fiber into useful everyday products is Domtar’s transformational mode of operation these days, explains Williams. Nevertheless, Domtar is still committed to the traditional segment of its business. “Domtar is not moving away from our core business – it is essential,” says Williams. In fact the company is adjusting to new market demands such as credit card and debit card receipts. And it is promoting its core products through innovative and compelling product promotions under the “Paper Because” slogan, some of which were shown to the overflow audience. He explains that paper nowadays must have an appropriate use and it does have an emotional connection. Domtar walks the talk by investing in its core business. He says that the company is investing $300 million per year in capital equipment improvements and core asset maintenance. But the major changes are in the consumer product field that is the expected source of future growth. “We need this to offset the core product demand,”

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John Williams, President and CEO, Domtar says Williams. Indeed, the company has recently invested $1.5 billion in infant and adult incontinence diaper products as that is an $ 8 billion dollar a year business growing at a projected 5% per year until 2050. The company has also invested in fluff pulp production at its Plymouth, NC mill to provide some of the raw materials in a forward-integrated fashion. The aggressive investment strategy means that 20% of Domtar’s sales are from personal care products while it was zero just a few years ago. Domtar is also investing in forward looking innovations such as valued-added products from lignin nd nanocellulose. Williams says these products should be valuable in the future and are part of the company’s strategy to make small bets on the future without betting the farm. Domtar is firmly behind sustainable practices but the company must actually behave in such a way. “It is not just marketing, “adds Williams. “Customers must understand we are the stewards of the forest,” he concludes. PaperWeek YouTube Channel

Click on the image to access the interview with John Williams


PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

KEYNOTE SPEAKER Conférencier invité ‘’Greenpac machine on track for quality and productivity’’ In a Wednesday morning keynote address, Murray Hewitt, Mill Manger of the brand new Greenpac mill in Niagara Falls, NY, reports that the new 540,000 t/y mill is ahead of productivity targets just six months after its startup in July, 2013. The mill, constructed over a 22 month period, is operated by Norampac. The lightweight HP (high performance) linerboard it produces is a newly introduced product in North America. Hewitt reports that the product quality is being well received by box converting plants that include Norampac, partner plants and new customers. The mill processes were chosen from best available technologies evaluated in European mills. Voith was chosen for the recycled fiber plant and Valmet supplied the board machine. Siemens was the primary electrical and automation supplier. The highly automated warehouse has a capacity of 25,000 tons. An anaerobic water treatment plant, that has a small footprint, is shared with a corrugating medium mill already on the site. The new anaerobic treatment plant generates biogas as a source of supplementary energy. The simply designed recycled fiber plant is targeted for a high 93% yield and good furnish quality. The board machine is equipped with twin fourdriniers chosen for highly competitive sheet quality, a shoe press, a film size press and a highly automated OptiReel, which allows them to run jumbo reels right to the spool. The winder is a Valmet WinRoll. Hewitt reports that the board CD profiles are amazing with the dilution controlled headboxes. “The sheet has very good uniformity and we have very good customer feedback,” says Hewitt. He also notes that the sheet runnability is excellent. “The sheet doesn’t break for weeks,” he adds. The mill is designed for energy efficiency. Turbo blowers provide machine vacuum at 50% less energy.

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Murray Hewitt, Mill Manager, Greenpac mill, Niagara Falls, NY Variable speed pump drives also save energy compared to fixed speed pumps with throttling valves. Third party partnerships were also part of the company’s strategy. For instance, Valmet manages maintenance in the mill and Ryder manages all movement of materials to and from the site. The mill employs 114 people organized in what the mill calls a high performance organization. The daily operation is managed by shift teams who operate the equipment and contribute to committees that determine best operating procedures. In summary, Greenpac has established a successful track record for productivity and quality very early in its lifecycle. Selon Murray Hewitt, Norampac a choisi d’établir l’usine Greenpac à Niagara Falls afin de profiter des crédits de taxes de 50 M$ offerts par l’état de New York. Une usine de cogénération située à proximité, permet d’utiliser les rejets de chaleur nécessaire pour chauffer l’usine de Norampac. De plus, un bloc de 10 mW d’énergie à bon marché a été rendu disponible. Cascades, le leader nord-américain du papier recyclé, est le partenaire majoritaire dans ce projet avec des parts de près de 60 %, alors que la Caisse de dépôt et de placement possède 20 % des parts et le reste est réparti entre d’autres partenaires.


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PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

KEYNOTE SPEAKER Conférencier invité ‘’Nielson defines packaged goods trends and consumer buying influences’’ Carman Allison, VP Consumer Insights with Nielsen, gave a fascinating insight into the market trends, consumer demographics and buying influences for consumer packaged goods (CPGs). For the paper industry this includes tissue and toweling products and goods packaged in paper or board which also serve as an adverting medium. The market for CPGs has been flat since the 2008 recession and no large positive trends are foreseen in the near future. In Canada there are some regional differences with the prairie provinces leading the way with higher growth due to migration and immigration, growing disposable incomes and younger consumers. The USA is outperforming Canada. Buying decisions are significantly influenced by price and special offers. Allison says consumers often wait until a product goes on sale and then stock up the pantry. For instance, 53% of paper products are sold with a price reduction and this is the new normal. Volume is driven by price reduction. There are some significant demographic structural changes that influence who is buying CPGs. Consumer buying patterns change with age and downsizing of households. The growing influence of ethnic is also a

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Carman Allison, VP Consumer Insights Nielsen significant factor. He said that retailers must align with these sectors for sustainable growth. Online purchases are still small (1.5% of the Canadian market) but growing at 41% year over year. Other faster growing buying patterns are US cross-border purchases and ethnic stores. When questioned about the value of sustainable green labeling, Allison says it does not justify premium prices as it is expected to be a normal part of business and serves only to build the corporate image of responsibility . There must be some other differentiating factor. These are interesting statistics that tissue and packaging produces may use to target consumers.


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PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

KEYNOTE SPEAKERS Conférenciers invités ‘’CEPI’s Two Team winners to revolutionize industry technology’’ At the Business Awards Luncheon Teresa Presas and Bernard de Galembert of the Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI), outlined eight concepts for breakthrough technologies that can revolutionize the pulp and paper industry. Each solution offers the opportunity to create value, reduce costs, improve margins, radically change sector operations and allow massive decarbonization. The European Commission has set a challenging target of 80% CO2 reduction by 2050. Meanwhile, the paper industry launched its own 2050 roadmap that analyzed how to achieve this decarbonization target while increasing value in the sector by 50%. One year later, CEPI followed up by launching the Two Team Project which brought together the teams who have developed the eight concepts. In this year-long competition, two teams comprised of scientists, companies, suppliers and other industry experts worked to identify viable concepts that would help the industry achieve its objectives. The eight breakthrough technologies are a combination of new ideas and of ideas that work in other sectors, but have never been utilized for the paper and pulp sector before. They include some cutting edge research findings as well as innovations that have not yet made it to the market. The solutions are not only found in technology, but also in new ways of working and even changes to the way production is measured today. More importantly, they can open up entirely new product portfolios for the future. Deep Eutectic Solvents – the winner. Deep Eutectic Solvents (DES) produced by plants, opens the way to produce pulp at low temperatures and at atmospheric pressure. Using DES, any type of biomass could be dissolved into lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose with minimal energy, emissions and residues. They could also be used to recover cellulose from waste and dissolve ink residues in recovered paper. Flash condensing with steam-dry fibres would be blasted into a forming zone with agitated steam and

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Bernard de Galembert, Teresa Presas, Forest & Innovation Director, Director General, CEPI CEPI condensed into a web using one-thousandth the volume of water used today. Superheated steam. Using the full power of pure steam for superheated steam drying would save energy as most heat could be recovered and recycled. Steam will then be used as fibre carrier for making and forming paper. Supercritical CO2. Supercritical CO2 is widely used in many applications, to dry vegetable, fruits and flowers, extract essential oils or spices. Suppliers for large consumer items use it to dye textile. Coffee and tea have been decaffeinated since the early 80s. It could be used it to dry pulp and paper without the need for heat and steam, and why not dye paper or remove contaminants too, while we’re at it? 100% electricity. Shifting pulp and paper production to energy-efficient technologies using electricity rather than fossil fuel power to generate heat will cut all CO2 emissions as the power sector shifts to renewable energy. The sector would also provide a buffer and storage capacity for the grid, storing energy as hydrogen or pulp. Dry cure-formed paper. Fibres are treated to protect them from shear, and then suspended in a viscose solution at up to 40% concentration. The solution is then pressed out and the thin sheet cured with a choice of additives to deliver the end-product required. Functional surface. The key to unlocking greater added value from fewer resources depends on a shift to producing more lightweight products, and selling surface area and functionality rather than weight. Advances in sheet formation and new cocktails of raw materials will lead the way to the lightweight future.


Congratulations to PaperWeek Canada for its 100th Anniversary!


PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

A CROWNING EVENT Un évènement couronné de succès ‘’THE BUZZ IN THE CORRIDORS’’ PaperWeek is not just about panel discussions! There are other life forms out there! Life in the corridors! Participants gathered at the Fairmont Queen Elizabeth Hotel had plenty of opportunities for networking through various social events, a student poster session (26 in total), a trade and a career’s fair. Kick-starting the week-long event, a welcoming and awards reception was held on Monday night. The relaxed atmosphere of the evening was a first step towards an interesting week of networking for constructive exchanges between key players from pulp and paper mills and head offices, equipment and service suppliers, government, research institutes, universities, consulting firms, utility service providers, and allied industries. The tradeshow featured suppliers companies, which have the opportunity to display their products and network with clients and colleagues. Together, 47 exhibitors (PDF list available online) awaited participants close to the Grand Salon. All mill personnel could attend the tradeshow free of charge. The tradeshow is the perfect place to mingle during coffee breaks, after luncheons and at the receptions. One participant who seems to have a nice job is Domtar’s Mr. Dominique Huet. We met him in the Domtar “lounge” or “Domtar’s Paper HotSpot”. The lounge is designed as an inviting and relaxing space with very snug sofas and… mostly, varied printed publications from National Geographic to Paris Match; a good reminder of printing papers’ importance in today’s comfort.

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Mr. Fouad Moukannas is from Nalco, a subsidiary of Ecolab. The company specializes in “integrated water treatment and process improvement services, chemicals, and equipment programs for industrial and institutional applications”. Mr. Moukannas came to PaperWeek with colleagues some of which were presenting papers in the technical sessions”. They were here to present their work but also to get a grasp of scientific, technological and managerial developments. “We stopped coming to the event during the industry’s difficult years”, he says, “but we are back since 2010 and we notice a real momentum in attendance – of course, this is only positive for us since we can take the opportunity to organize meetings with existing and potential clients”.

Adjacent to the tradeshow, many key pulp and paper employers assemblee in the National Career Fair area. Not an employer per se but a real matchmaker between jobs and job seekers, the Forest Products Association of Canada (FPAC) displayed various publications and a very comprehensive USB key with information on the industry’s ambitious recruitment plan. “We direct visitors to our online tools and social media” says Communications Coordinator, Ms. Sol Inès Peca. Her colleague, Ms Annette Clemens, mentioned they received many questions from students but that visitors included young and old. Placed at the centre of the Career Fair area, FPAC’s own workforce awaited the visit of two large groups of students from the École de technologie supérieure (ÉTS) and Concordia University.


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“Both institutions are just a few blocks away,” says Ms Clemens who stood, very much ready to great them all. Gabriel Saint-Pierre-Lemieux is one of these a job seeker. He attends PaperWeek to meet employers (“there may be an interest on the side of FPInnovations” he says), to meet some teachers (“who knows, I may further my studies”) and to learn from the technical presentations. “As a biologist, I am especially interested in the bioenergy track.” Obviously passionate about the interlinkages between paper and biology, he explained his research work with Dr. Patrice Mangin from the Centre de recherche sur les matériaux lignocellulosiques at the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières. A few months ago, in the context of the 1st FIBRE Network Conference, he was one of the students who participated in a friendly contest between young researchers. As if in front of the Dragon’s Den (David Chilton, stand ready after your keynote address tomorrow night!). Gabriel Saint-Pierre-Lemieux had 5 minutes to make a sales pitch on a bioactive paper, the Lawn Bioshield – a fictive but very marketable name – with the potential to repel May bugs in our lawns. No wonder one of his highlight presentations was given by a representative of Sentinel Bioactive Paper Network. Participants passing by the Career Fair area were able to visit the PaperWeek stand where PaperAdvance’s cameras focused on attendees and most keynote speakers.

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Ça discute dans les corridors ! PaperWeek n’est pas seulement un lieu pour entendre des discussions de groupe ! Il y a plein d’autres formes d’interactions ! Il y a plein d’activités dans les couloirs ! Les participants qui se sont réunis à l’hôtel Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth ont eu l’occasion de réseauter en participant à divers événements sociaux, de visiter la salle des posters d’étudiants (26 au total), la foire des carrières, ainsi que le salon des exposants. L’événement a débuté avec une réception ainsi qu’une remise des prix techniques le lundi soir. L’atmosphère détendue de la soirée était une première étape vers une semaine intéressante pour entamer du réseautage, idéal pour construire ou bien renforcer les échanges entre les acteurs clés qui opèrent dans l’industrie des pâtes et papiers, notamment les travailleurs d’usine, fournisseurs de service, le gouvernement, les instituts de recherche, universités, des firmes de consultants, prestataires de services, et les industries connexes. Le salon (47 exposants au total) a mis en vedette en particulier les fournisseurs des usines, qui ont eu la possibilité de présenter leurs produits et réseauter avec les clients et les collègues. Endroit parfait pour cogiter pendant les pauses café, les déjeuners et les réceptions. Plusieurs exposants ont recréé des espaces uniques pour toutes sortes d’expériences. Dans l’espace ‘détente’ de Domtar nommé ‘The Paper HotSpot‘ on y a retrouvé M. Dominique Huet qui nous a fait apprécier ce lieu, idéal pour consulter différentes publications imprimées du National Geographic à Paris Match; un bon rappel de l’importance du papier d’impression.

The First Release of PaperWeek Access www.paperweekcanada.ca

PAPERWEEK ACCESS

ACCÈS PAPERWEEK FEBRUARY 3 - 6 FÉVRIER 2014 Fairmont Queen Elizabeth Hotel Montréal, Qc, Canada

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PAPTAC proudly released a special magazine for the 100th anniversary of PaperWeek, covering key elements of the conference and providing precious insights for all participants.

INNOVATION IN MOTION INNOVATION EN MOUVEMENT

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1915 - 2014 >

Le premier lancement de PaperWeek Access PAPTAC a eu le plaisr de lancer un magasine spécial pour le 100e anniversaire de PaperWeek, couvrant les éléments clés de la conférence et donnant de précieux aperçus à tous les participants.

Published by / publié par :

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FIBRE DAY Journée FIBRE ‘’Olympiques de la nouvelle économie’’ Pierre de Coubertin, père des Olympiques n’aurait apparemment jamais dit que l’important était de participer et non de gagner. C’est voilà qui a été repris par nos mères ! En 1908, Coubertin disait : «L’important dans la vie ce n’est pas le triomphe, mais le combat, l’essentiel ce n’est pas d’avoir vaincu, mais de s’être bien battu». Concevoir des produits innovants qui répondent aux besoins industriels et des consommateurs. Voilà tout un défi, tout un combat. Et ce combat, c’est en partie celui du réseau FIBRE ! Dans les mots du responsable de la session, Dr Roger Gaudreault de Cascades, le réseau FIBRE opère un peu comme les Jeux olympiques. Les Olympiques de l’innovation forestière ! 400 professeurs, experts et chercheurs se réunissent pour une grande rencontre de performance. Gaudreault a décidément de la suite dans les idées. Il voit les cinq lettres de « FIBRE » comme s’il s’agissait des cinq anneaux olympiques : chacun est relié et ne peut être séparé. Le message que retient Roger Gaudreault est que FIBRE a la responsabilité de faire des découvertes « alors que l’industrie a la responsabilité d’innover, c’est-àdire transformer ses découvertes en réussite commerciale ». Theo van de Ven, président du réseau à fibres optiques, a remercié les partenaires du réseau et souligné en quoi il représentait une chance pour l’industrie de renforcer ses liens avec les universités et d’orienter la recherche en fonction de ses objectifs commerciaux. Le réseau FIBRE soutient le renouvelle-ment et le perfectionnement de la main-d’œuvre. Dr. van de Ven est toujours particulièrement fier de con- stater le nombre élevé d’étudiants et de chercheurs universitaires présents à la conférence. La deuxième conférence mettra en vedette le travail le plus récent et les progrès générés par ce consortium de huit réseaux consacrés à l’innovation et la transformation de l’industrie des produits forestiers. L’objectif commun est d’accompagner l’industrie forestière canadienne sur la voie de la nouvelle

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bioéconomie. On le répète dans les corridors. L’ancien modèle (bois, pâte et papier) n’est pas durable et, dans le contexte d’une économie qui change, FIBRE est en bonne posture pour recevoir la médaille d’or en reconnaissance de sa contribution à la recherche de nouveaux usages pour la biomasse forestière. Bien entendu, c’est aussi important de participer !

Justement… Les organisateurs invitent les participants à la centième édition de PaperWeek à la deuxième conférence du réseau FIBRE qui se déroulera du 12 au 16 mai 2014 à Vancouver en Colombie-Britannique.

‘’Bridging the Gap Between Trees and the Building Code’’ ‘’How NEWBuildS research helps to make tall wood buildings a reality’’ is the title of Dr. Ying-Hei Chui, University of New Brunswick’s presentation in the afternoon session of PaperWeek 2014 FIBRE Day. Dr. Ying-Hei Chui, Scientific Director of the NEWBuildS Network presented research work ongoing in partnering academic institutions including University of British Columbia and Carleton University. NEWBuildS is self-described as a multi-disciplinary NSERC strategic research “Network for Engineered Wood-based Building Systems.” Research theme 2 of the network concerns investigation into, inter alia, “the use of traditional light-weight wood frame methods in mid-rise construction, heavier systems built with timber products and the development of innovative approaches that combine wood with other materials to create


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hybrid systems.” Among different research interests, Dr. Chui, works on an analytical approach for calculating deflection in mid-rise structures buildings. In relation to this are engineering design specifications for alternative bracing solutions for light wood-frame buildings. Dr. Chui reminded participants of Canada’s National Building Code, which allows for a maximum of four storeys for buildings made of combustible materials. Wood buildings that are taller are allowed if it can be proven through engineering design that the construction is safe and functional. In relation to these restrictions and NEWBuildS’ objective of using wood-based prodDr. Ying-Hei Chui ucts in mid-rise, non-residential buildings and high-rise, Dr. Chui described a few projects the network is working on including: • Rationalization of fire safety design of wood buildings; • Enhancement of a fire risk model for buildings; • Three-dimensional mechanics model to predict response of multi-storey wood building to seismic and wind load. In the end, such projects should encourage engineering design specifications for “wood-based portal frame that can be incorporated into wood design standards and building codes”. Through science, data and analysis tools, maybe we can hope for a review of a 73-yearold building code…

‘’The many qualities of a good liner… Now includes cellulose filaments ‘’ Dr. Makhlouf Laleg, ArboraNano and FPInnovations gave a presentation entitled ‘’Packaging products reinforced with cellulose/polymer compositions’’. Research undertaken by Dr. Laleg and his team explores the possibilities of using nanofibrillarcellulose or other cellulose fibrilar materials for the strengthening of cardboard packaging products. One aim of the research is to allow manufacturers to reduce weight and fiber consumption while retaining the mechanical

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properties that are required for final use. This can obviously be research of great value in the context of a global paper packaging industry in pretty good health. “Still a growing market” says Dr. Laleg who concentrates his presentation on the liner because… “without a good liner, the “medium” corDr. Makhlouf Laleg rugated section of boxes is jeopardized. On top of the importance of strength, the liner must display many other qualities. One must be able to print on its surface”, for example. Containerboard requires high compression strength (and box stacking strength) that is highly dependent on raw materials, corrugated board structure, box design, weight and environmental factors. As such, one objective of research presented is to develop methods for efficient application of additives (cellulose fibrils & selected polymers) to improve performance of paperboard products made from recycled fibers and, as such, consolidation of linerboard with fibrils is considered a potential means to enhance strength and eliminate delamination. Other opportunities for increasing strength include the enhancement of compression strength and humidity resistance of recycled paperboard through optimized use of cellulose fibrils and selected polymers. Confirmed results to date are positive. A successful trial using cellulose fibrils in old corrugated containers furnish confirmed lab scale results and this can only lead to a bright future for the packaging sector as recycled fibers usually produce low strength papers compared to kraft fibers and as the quality of fibers (length and surface) normally decreases with the number of times the paper is being recycled. Dr. Laleg summarizes this by reminding us as well that in comparison with the strength polymers conventionally used in mills, adding cellulose filaments to a recycled pulp furnish improves paperboard strength, and this, even in humid environments. This could match the European and Asian packaging standards. In the corridors, we heard some say it could even outperform them! With the collaboration of / en collaboration avec :

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INTERNATIONAL FOREST BIOREFINERY SYMPOSIUM Symposium international sur le bioraffinage forestier ‘’Biorefining at the crossroad between technology and renewable energy policy ‘’ “The fourth edition of the Biorefinery Symposium offered an impressive program this year” said session leader Dr. Mariya Marinova from the École Polytechnique de Montréal and “research activity is only part of what the organizing committee has prepared for participants to this hundredth anniversary edition of PaperWeek”. Dr. Marinova recalls that the symposium Dr. Mariya Marinova offers professionals and scientists a platform for the presentation of recent advancements and technological breakthroughs related to forest biomass applications. Dr. Warren Mabee of Queen’s Institute for Energy and Environmental Policy at Queen’s University presented one such technological breakthrough. In the context of the urgent need to develop sustainable and renewable energy sources that do not compete with food production nor harm the environment, Dr. Mabee’s presentation was timely. Entitled ‘’Linking Analyses of Material Flow and Markets to Inform Canadian Forest Biorefinery Development’’, this presentation recalled the two main policy push for biorefining: biofuels and bioenergy. Dr. Mabee’s research interests have long been the exploration of policy tools to evaluate the efficiency of new energy systems, and the deployment of associated technologies in commercial application. “Unfortunately, policies are not well linked between federal & provincial governments and this translates to much money going to other types of energy centered on fossil fuels.” As such, there is no drive for value added products – “a big problem”, says Mabee. His research shows there is little support for bioproducts, particularly when it comes to producer incentives

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or mandates. In turn, this leads to a slowdown in biofuels production. “Future demands for biofuels is controlled by policy; and here, no big increases are predicted.” After painting a picture of the demand for renewables across the OECD (IEA statistics) and of the main socioeconomic and scientific issues associated with forest feedstocks, Mabee describes the work of his research team on sawmill clusters in Eastern Canada. “Our goal is to identify clusters of sawmills that are geographically close together where a biorefinery can be integrated with existing infrastructure and feedstock cost is minimized.” Main conclusions include: Dr. Warren Mabee •Sites must build on existing forest sector capacity; • Sawmill clusters must be contained within 500km; •Combined capacity of sawmills within clusters must be minimum 1 million m3; • A single company must own clusters. Other conclusions communicated included the fact no big increases in biofuels production are expected so long as future demand is controlled by current policies. A blunt statement on a very straightforward situation.


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How Does the Forest Products Industry Consider Biorefinery? A presentation that followed was especially interesting in the context of Dr. Mabee’s reflections. In her presentation titled “Effective Decision-Making for Selecting Promising Biorefinery Pathways”, Ms. Virginie Chambost of the École Polytechnique discussed the results of workshops to better understand how forestry companies evaluate and establish biorefinery strategies and to explore how a Multi-Criteria-Decision Making (MCDM) methodMs. Virginie Chambost ology could potentially assist forest product companies in assessing these strategies. Their research team led by Dr. Paul Stuart found that up to two thirds of the forest products industry respondents’ seek to implement a biorefinery technology over the next 1 to 3 years while all companies recognized the importance to identify sustainable biorefinery strategies to mitigate business and technology risk. Biorefinery implementation is not a core business “concrete-and-steel” project points out Ms. Chambost; rather, it is a strategic investment in the near-term to improve long-term competitive position by entering new markets.

Using Forest Biomass. A Question of Timing Julie Barrette, of Natural Resources Canada’s Laurentian Forestry Centre presented work on the use of salvaged trees for the production of bioenergy. Recalling the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changes (IPCC) conclusions on forest biomass from trees killed by natural disturbances as a promising resource for bioenergy both in Canada and at the global scale, using salvaged trees for the production of bioenergy can certainly contribute to reducing the industry’s environmental footprint. Ms. Barrette reminded participants that, in Canada, the forest landbase is largely influenced by natural

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disturbances. This equates to a great proportion of available biomass. In fact, this brings more biomass than clear-cut harvesting residues for the production of bioenergy. But let’s not all rejoice too quickly! “Not all dead trees killed by natural disturbances can directly be used for bioenergy.” Usually, folJulie Barrette lowing natural disturbances, foresters aim to salvage affected trees promptly, for the production of traditional products such as lumber and pulp but after a few years, insect attacks and fungal infections become too important and salvaged trees may be better suited for bioenergy. “La quatrième édition du Symposium offre un programme impressionnant cette année” explique le leader de session Dr Mariya Marinova de l’École Polytechnique de Montréal et “L’activité de recherche est seulement une partie de ce que le comité organisationnel a préparé pour les participants du 100e anniversaire de PaperWeek”. Dr Marinova rappelle que le Symposium offre aux professionnels et scientifiques une plate-forme pour la présentation des progrès récents et des percées technologiques liées aux applications de la biomasse forestière. Dr Warren Mabee, Queen’s University, à travers sa présentation a rappelé les deux poussées principales de la politique du bioraffinage: biocarburants et bioénergie. Les intérêts de recherche du Dr Mabee ont longtemps été l’exploration des outils politiques pour évaluer l’efficacité de nouveaux systèmes d’énergie, et le déploiement associé aux technologies à des fins commerciales. Dans sa présentation Mme Virginie Chambost, École Polytechnique de Montréal, a examiné les résultats des ateliers pour mieux comprendre comment les entreprises forestières évaluent et établissent des stratégies de bioraffinage et explorent comment une méthodologie définie : multi-criteria decison making (MCDM) pourrait aider les entreprises de produits forestiers dans l’évaluation de ces stratégies . Published by / publié par :

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TECHNICAL TRACKS Sessions techniques ‘’Reliability Track aims for high productivity, lower costs’’ Tuesday morning’s Reliability Track presentations were given by representatives of Allied Reliability Group, explaining the business objectives of reliability best practices, predictive maintenance techniques and shutdown management. First, some benchmark maintenance costs and efficiency targets Keith Cross of RLG were established: maintenance costs at 1.5 to 2 % of RAV (replacement asset value), employees to maintenance planner ratio of 15 to 20, and a scheduling work load level of 90%. Next, some best practice guidelines for maintenance department activities were set at 25% for predictive maintenance (PM), 5% preventive maintenance, 33% detective maintenance of PM measurements, 33% run to failure and 4% mechanical modifications. The use of PF curves, MTBF statistics and criticality assessment were discussed as tools for predicting workloads for internal and outsourced maintenance. The final morning presenter discussed best shutdown management practices which may consume 40 to 50% of the annual maintenance budget. Shutdown preparation, workload assessment, technical and specialist support, planning activities and critical path management were discussed. In the afternoon, Keith Cross of RLG International discussed how to get sustainable results from process improvement efforts. He used analogous programs the company has established in the airline maintenance field to illustrate what results are possible. He concentrated on explaining the importance of establishing an operating rhythm in maintenance activities. It’s about how people, management, and hourly worker groups work together to maximize the effectiveness of the

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times when people are discussing issues and tasks. Are these people interactions getting results? A starting point for the evaluation is to define the gaps between historic, present and best ever business goals. A structured, positive interaction and collaboration plan can help to improve business productivity results and safety. Finally, Christer Idhammmar of IDCON gave a very entertaining presentation on how reliable production can be a major competitive advantage. He explained that maintenance concepts are quite simple and haven’t changed over the years, only the technology has. He pointed out that good reliability will drive costs down and it has to be in that order. The results of good maintenance practices are improved production. He asked the question: what is 1% in improved process reliability worth to your mill? In an example he explained it was up to $ 1.5 million per year in extra marginal revenue on a 420,000 t/y paper machine. This is followed by a reduction of 5 % to 30% in manufacturing costs. He makes the point that reliability through maintenance is 90% about people and 10% about technology tools. People cannot be more productive than the process they work in. The ideal is to have excellent management-supported work process and a high level of personal skills. Christer Idhammmar of IDCON

‘’BioFuelNet: 100 more partners against an unstable climate’’ The morning’s session of the Fourth International Biorefinery Symposium was dedicated to the work of BioFuelNet Canada. Session Leader Jean Paris, from the École Polytechnique, gives a short introduction to the work of network of centers of excellence that bring


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together the Canadian biofuels research community. Donald Smith, James McGill Professor and Director and CEO, BioFuelNet Canada gave the keynote presentation. Did you ever travel through the Rockies? I did, several times with my family. The two last times we were there we noticed a big difference in some of the glaciers’ extent. CliDonald Smith mate change is real. The cli- BioFuelNet Canada mate IS unstable and we have a role to play to develop sustainable and renewable energy sources that do not compete with food production and that do not harm the climate’s fragile equilibrium.

‘’Bioenergy’s political-bioeconomy’’

In his presentation titled ‘’BioFuelNet and the Conversion of the Forest Biomass’’, Donald Smith presented an overview of the institution. “We aim at addressing the challenges impeding the growth of an advanced biofuels industry.” Seen as a key component of the energy mix of the future, advanced biofuels can provide a sustainable source of energy, reduced greenhouse gas emissions and less reliance on food crops when produced from non-food materials, such as algae, agricultural waste, forestry by-products and municipal waste.

After an overview of “interacting megatrends” at the global level and a description of the state of the world renewable energy market, Sten B. Nilsson, CEO, Forest Sector Insights, explains there is a “new dark horse in the picture – that of shale oil and gas.” Shale changes the energy landscape all over the world but especially in North America due to an existing infrastructure in the United States that makes extraction more efficient technically and economically. In his presentation entitled “Bioeconomy and bioenergy”, Sten B. Nilsson explains why Sten B. Nilsson bioeconomy is at a critiForest Sector Insights cal juncture in Canada. But what is “bioeconomy”? What is a green economy? For Nilsson, despite many definitions, we could focus on the following: “The bioeconomy refers to economic activity based on the production of innovative (nonconventional) products, including bioenergy, from biomass (forest, agriculture, marine and waste) using novel technological processes.” In essence, it is about achieving social, economic and ecological sustainability through the use of a toolbox. “Bioeconomy is about political reorientation and fundamentally changed strategic thinking. It is also about integrated policy

Through a description of partnerships and projects uniting academia, industry and government (BioFuelNet funds approximately 65 collaborative research projects in Canada), Donald Smith explains how the network is in a unique position to harness Canadian biofuels expertise and this can benefit the pulp and paper industry in many ways. Just think of extracted lignin that can be used as a biofuel feedstock or as value added chemicals. In May 2013, BioFuelNet joined forces with Airbus and Air Canada to develop advanced biofuels for aviation. Think of this next time you fly in Montreal for PaperWeek. You won’t be seeing trees from the plane’s porthole the same way you used to!

The first session of the bioenergy program track was dedicated to biobusiness and moderated by Yvon Pelletier, Fortress Specialty Cellulose and PaperWeek’s Program Chairman. Introducing this exciting segment of Yvon Pelletier PaperWeek 2014, Yvon Fortress Specialty Cellulose Pelletier recalls that serious investment in bioeconomy has the potential to improve the environmental and economic sustainability of the Canadian industry.

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making and about a shift in thinking concerning growth and development.” Opportunities for Canada are manifold. Sten B. Nilsson lists, for example, the vast biomass resources available to producers, a good infrastructure and efficient logistics, “big customers of bio-products, bio-chemistry, energy, construction, packaging, automobile, aircraft, etc.” This, will in turn create new values to the conventional commodity industry. Moreover, Canada has an outstanding experience of being a game-changer. Drivers of investment in bioenergy described by Nilsson include the price of fossil fuels, the cost and quality of the resource (typically around 60% of variable cost for bioenergy that includes its location), efficiency of the conversion technology and public policy. In this context, he believes that in many cases, public support is needed. One of his conclusions is that achieving a transition to the bioeconomy will only be possible through a collective vision, creativity, action from a broad cross-section of the civil society, governments, business/industry and consumers.

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He says the industry should capitalize on focus, extension and adjacency. The last bioenergy revolution started with the high energy prices of the 1970s but, as Patterson remarked, “the next stage is beginning, growing from local to worldwide businesses.” Across Canada, it seems as though pulp and paper mills are just an investment away from becoming renewable energy outlets.

‘’Tissue machine technology: increased quality with lower operating costs’’

If there is one broad take-home message from the presentation on the biobusiness value chain by Dewitt Patterson, of AMEC, it is that “change is in the air and that it is inevitable in this business.” For DeWitt Patterson, who cumulates some 30 years of experience in the pulp and paper industry and now works as Senior Manager Forest Industry, Renewables and Bioprocess, “those who adopt and endorse change will be successful.” He provides an overview of the sector where nearly two-thirds of the Global 100 companies have set commitments to renewable energy, greenhouse gas reductions or both. He agrees with Sten B. Nilsson on what drives investments and adds interesting information on what the impediments to investments are. These include: low natural gas prices and policy uncertainty.

Wednesday’s first keynote given by Marco Marcheggiani, President of Valmet Tissue Mills Business, outlined the state of the art in tissue making technology. He said the tissue market is growing worldwide, driven mainly by consumer needs and incomes in developing countries. While tissue products are only 5% of world paper production, the market is growing in a healthy way; and there is no substitute for tissue as seen in other paper markets. Marco Marcheggiani Valmet Tissue Mills Business He said that tissue producers are looking at a few key parameters nowadays: high quality (bulk, softness, strength, and absorbency) and energy and water consumption. He says that great strides have been made in energy and water consumption. Valmet offers a variety of quality solutions and all of these can be demonstrated on Valmet’s pilot machines that can show the advantages of various technologies. These pilot machines plus Valmet expertise, is a strong point of the company.

Canada has many advantages for the implementation of bioenergy projects. Agreeing again with Sten B. Nilsson, Patterson’s presentation could perhaps be summarized by this quote from Theodore Roosevelt recently used by Program Chairman Yvon Pelletier: “Do what you can, with what you have, where you are.” This could also summarize one of his main conclusions.

He also said that tissue producers are now looking for a more consolidated product offering that includes project implementation services. Lifecycle maintenance services are more in demand as tissue producers with lean mill staffs are concentrating on tissue process operation, leaving the support to the supplier. Valmet offers these project and lifecycle services.

PaperWeek Review / Rétrospective PaperWeek


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‘’Transformation Track: Cellulose filaments show great promise’’ The overflow crowd at Wednesday’s Industry Transformation Track was eagerly waiting for details of the just announced cellulose fibril (CF) pre-commercial pilot plant to be Jean Hamel installed at Kruger’s Trois FPInnovations Rivières mill. Scheduled for start up next year, the 5 t/d plant started as an experiment in a laboratory blender at FPInnovations just four years ago. It has been a fast-track development as described by Jean Hamel, FPInnovations Vice President. He says that CF is aimed at sheet reinforcing applications for traditional paper products but it does have some potential and ground-breaking applications in thermoplastics, non- wovens, adhesives, coatings and composite materials. The multi-grade product and the unique mechanical process do have some inherent advantages according to Hamel. The CF process uses no chemicals or enzymes. It is water dispersible, making it ideal for papermaking applications, and it can be dried into rolls in a papermaking process. Because of its fiber structure the retention in papermaking processes is expected to be high. The process yield is 100%. Moreover, the process uses commercially available equipment so the scale-up capital costs are expected to be reasonable. Sounds like a winner technically and commercially. CF’s potential as a reinforcing agent is expected to be 100,000 t/y in North America alone. FPInnovations has partnered with Kruger in this development. Daniel Archambault of Kruger describes the development as a logical extension of Kruger’s business model. The company has set up a new subsidiary called Kruger Biomaterials Inc. to manage the product roll-out. Over three years 1800 tons of product will be used to support R&D efforts and used in trials on Kruger’s various paper, tissue and board machines. The product will also be available to Canadian forest products industry members.

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In the same session, Jean-François Levasseur of NR Canada’s IFIT program outlined some of the success stories aimed at industry transformation. The program will invest $100 million in forest products innovation and commercial product development over four years. The IFIT contribution has leverDaniel Archambault aged $1.82 in extra partKruger ner investments for every $1.00 of IFIT seed money. The program has initiated a portfolio of 14 unique projects in progress now. He boasts that 64% of these are world firsts and ten new patents have been initiated. End-use products include industrial biochemicals, solid wood products and biomaterials. The extra revenue generated by these developments is expected to be $66 million by 2020.

En décembre dernier, Kruger et FPInnovations ont fait l’annonce de la construction de la première usine de démonstration de filament de cellulose au monde. Ils ont livré quelques-uns de leurs secrets lors d’une séance technique à Paperweek Canada devant une salle remplie à craquer. Lorsqu’une innovation voit ainsi le jour, elle entre ensuite dans une course effrénée vers la commercialisation où deux vitesses sont possibles : rapides et plus rapide. «Et la première option n’est pas envisageable», note Jean Hamel. Plus de 14 M$ ont été investis dans cette aventure au cours des quatre dernières années alors que 30 tonnes de filaments de cellulose ont déjà été produits dans le laboratoire de FPInnovations à Pointe-Claire. « Le développement de ce produit ouvre de nouvelles opportunités, car les coûts pour le transformer sont intéressants et les propriétés sont uniques », ajoute Jean Hamel.

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MILL MANAGERS’ ROUNDTABLE BREAKFAST MEETINGS

Rencontre tables rondes des directeurs d’usine With the largest attendance in the last 6 years, over 20 mill managers from across the country participated at the roundtables organized by PAPTAC to discuss important issues where they could share their experiences and help each other. Four main topics were debated. First, Safety Best Practices were examined - a Roundtable on respective mill experiences & ideas, followed by a presentation about Domtar Windsor’s Mill experience: Windsor Kaizen way; then the mill managers talked over Best practices about continuous improvement programs, and lastly touched on a very current topic Workforce Renewal, hiring procedure, culture integration with incoming supervisors – How is this being handled at the mill level?

Avec le plus grand nombre de participants des 6 dernières années, plus de 20 directeurs d’usine de partout au pays se sont réunis pour discuter de questions importantes où ils ont pu partager leurs expériences et s’aider mutuellement. Quatre thèmes principaux ont été débattus. Tout d’abord, les meilleures pratiques sur le thème de la sécurité ont été examinées - une table ronde sur les expériences et les idées propres de chaque usine, suivie d’une présentation sur les expériences de l’usine Windsor: «Windsor Kaizen Way»; après les directeurs d’usine ont discuté des meilleures pratiques concernant les programmes d’amélioration continue et enfin ce fut le tour d’un sujet très actuel : le renouvellement du personnel, les procédures d’embauche, l’intégration de la culture d’entreprise chez les superviseurs – Comment ces questions sont -elles gérées au niveau de l’usine ?

PAPERWEEK TRADESHOW

Salon PaperWeek

The PaperWeek Tradeshow was sold out! A first in the past 6 years and welcomed a number of new exhibitors. The tradeshow featured 47 exhibitors who presented their most recent technologies and services available to manufacturers. The tradeshow continues to be an ideal networking and business development environment and an excellent complement to the conference.

SPONSORS

Le Salon d’exposants a affiché complet ! Une première dans les 6 dernières années et il a accueilli bon nombre de nouveaux exposants. Le Salon regroupait plus de 50 compagnies exposantes qui ont pu présenter leurs plus récentes technologies ainsi que la gamme de leurs services aux manufacturiers présents. Le Salon continue d’être un environnement de réseautage et de développement d’affaires idéal et s’avère un complément naturel à la conférence.

A special thanks to our centennial partners for a remarkable long-term collaboration!

Commanditaires

Un grand merci à nos partenaires pour leur remarquable collaboration de longue date !

PaperWeek Premier Partner Partenaire d’honneur de PaperWeek

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PAPERWEEK CANADA 2014

CAREER FAIR Foire des carrières ‘’Pulp and paper workforce needed’’ The Career Fair was back at Paperweek 2014 to address workforce renewal and present new job postings needed to assure the transformation towards the bioeconomy.

Domtar really believes this training can make a difference for kids looking for a challenging job in a green industry, by providing a wide range of opportunities going from the mill to the lab.

After being put aside for a few years, the Career Fair was reintroduced last year to look at the renewal of the aging workforce. At the Resolute Forest Products booth, they had more than 50 jobs to offer in Québec and Ontario. “From operators, to technicians and engineers, all kinds of competencies are sought by this forest product giant”, says Carolyn Pinto, Corporate Communications and Corporate Social Responsibility. Tembec, based in the Abitibi-Temiscamingue region, stresses more importance on the quality of life one can attain living in the rural areas where life is cheaper, and nature within reach. With all the opportunities arising these days, anybody can find a job that fits their aspirations.

At Kruger, Samantha Grégoire, the Human Ressource Coordinator, points out that Kruger is in need of many workers for the mills production. Kruger also wants to revitalize its image and show the different sectors they work in. By the way, did you know that Kruger also produces the Maple Syrup alcohol “Sortilège”? To make sure they find the workforce they need, Kruger, Domtar and Cascades, came out with a joint venture to offer a pulp and paper professional development activity (DEP) near Sherbrooke, where students could receive a 10-month training followed by internships.

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Dr. Omya COngratulates PaPerWeeK On its 100tH

anniVersary. Omya is proud to be a long time member of PAPTAC and supporter of PAPERWEEK and our commitment to the Canadian pulp and paper industry is unwavering. With major production facilities in St-Armand, Quebec, Perth, Ontario and Florence, Vermont, mills across Canada have relied on our innovative filling and coating pigments for over 35 years. Our R&D team is continuously developing new ways to help mills put their paper machines on higher carb, lower fiber diets that are environmentallyfriendly and meet their sustainability goals. Plus, we have new coating and filling technologies on the horizon for digital printing, tissue and packaging.

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