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Table of Contents Helping yourself...................................................................................... 1 what is asthma?................................................................................... 2 normal breathing.................................................................................. 2 asthma flare-ups and triggers............................................................. 3 triggers checklist.................................................................................. 4 avoiding triggers................................................................................... 5 exercise................................................................................................. 8 warning signs checklist.....................................................................10 peak flow meter.................................................................................11
Treating asthma....................................................................................14 long-term control medicines.............................................................15 quick-relief medicines........................................................................17 ways to take asthma medicines.......................................................20 prime your inhaler..............................................................................22
Using an asthma diary.........................................................................25 asthma diary.......................................................................................26
Working with your doctor...................................................................27 When to call your doctor....................................................................29 Asthma on the go.................................................................................30 Resources...............................................................................................32 Order this book from : PRITCHETT & HULL ASSOCIATES, INC. 3440 OAKCLIFF RD NE STE 110 ATLANTA GA 30340-3006
or call toll free: 800-241- 4925 This book is to help you learn and should not replace any advice or treatment from your health care team.
CopyrightÂŠ 1995, 2004, 2011, 2013, 2016 by Pritchett & Hull Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be photocopied, reprinted or otherwise reproduced without written permission from Pritchett & Hull Associates, Inc. Published and distributed by: Pritchett & Hull Associates, Inc. Printed in the U.S.A.
Helping yourself You are one of many people who have asthma. This book will help you take charge of your treatment and learn how to manage your asthma. The best way to do this is with an asthma action plan made just for you. This book will help you and your health care provider: know what triggers (causes) your asthma flare-ups learn how to prevent and treat your flare-ups set up an asthma action plan that works for you
What is asthma? Asthma is a chronic (long-term) disease of the airways in the lungs. Itâ€™s not catching, but it tends to run in families. You may go for several weeks, months or even years with no symptoms or signs of asthma. Then you may have a flare-up of coughing, wheezing or shortness of breath. Even when youâ€™re not having symptoms, you still have asthma. So continue to follow your treatment plan.
Normal breathing When you breathe, air flows through the windpipe (trachea) into large air tubes (bronchi), then into smaller tubes (bronchioles), then to tiny air sacs (alveoli) in your lungs.
Asthma flare-ups With asthma, your airways become bronchial inflamed and swollen and make extra mucus. These changes make tube your airways smaller. This makes it harder for air to flow in and out alveoli of your lungs. During a flare-up (attack or episode), you may:
mucus inflamed, swollen airway
cough be short of breath have chest tightness wheeze (make a high-pitched whistling sound caused by air trying to move in and out of your airways)
What causes a flare-up? Things that cause asthma flare-ups are called triggers.
Some triggers bother everyone who has asthma. These are called general irritants.
Other things, especially allergic triggers, bother some people and donâ€™t bother others. These are different for each person. Ask your doctor to help you find out what makes your asthma worse. This is not always easy, because a flare-up may be triggered hours or even days before you get symptoms. Use the checklist on page 4 to record your triggers.
My Triggers general irritants (should be avoided by everyone with asthma) tobacco smoke spray deodorants, hair sprays, insect sprays, cleaning sprays fragrances, perfume, cologne, scented candles, incense, PluginsÂŽ room freshener chalk dust, odors from markers car and truck exhaust smog and other air pollution changes in temperature, humidity or air pressure odors from cleaning fluids, paints, furniture polish smoke from burning wood or leaves
(avoid if you are allergic to them) dust mites (see pages 6â€“7) cats, dogs and other furry pets cockroaches mold, mildew some foods (rarely) sulfites (such as in wine) pollens, grass, trees, ragweed 4
others colds, flu, sinus problems exercise bursts of emotion that affect breathing (such as crying, laughing, etc.) some medicines
Avoiding triggers Avoid smoke and smoky places.
Do not smoke or let anyone else smoke in your home or car.
Avoid air pollution when you can. Use air-conditioning, not fans, at home. Keep your car windows closed when you can. If you have air-conditioning in your car, recirculate the air, especially during traffic rush hours. Try to avoid air that is very hot, cold or humid. Use unscented liquid or solid products, not sprays. Use a stove vent to get rid of cooking fumes. Keep your house as dust-free as you can. Use an air cleaning device with a HEPA filter in the bedroom. Avoid dust mites if you are allergic to them. (See pages 6â€“7.) If you are allergic to furry pets, try to keep them outdoors. Never let them in your bedroom. Wash bedding every week. Avoid mold (such as in wet leaves, damp basements and plant soil). Clean moldy surfaces with a cleaner that has bleach in it. Fix leaky faucets, pipes or other sources of water buildup. Use poison bait or traps to control roaches. Do not leave food or garbage out uncovered. Donâ€™t buy foods or over-the-counter medicines that may cause a flare-up for you. Read labels. Record your triggers in your asthma diary (page 26). This will help you know what to avoid. 5
dust mites Dust mites are tiny insects that live in house dust. They are very common, and are so small that you can’t see them. If you are allergic to them, they can trigger flare-ups when breathed into your lungs. It’s very important to control dust mites in your house (especially your bedroom). Make your house as dust-free as you can.
Make sure your house gets a good cleaning every three months. (It should be dusted with a damp mop or sponge.) Have someone else do the cleaning, and try to be out of the house during that time. If you must be there, wear a dust mask (the heavy-duty kind you can buy from a hardware store). Wash bed linens in hot water (130°F) each week. Make sure your bedroom is cleaned every week. If you are the person who cleans it, wear a dust mask.
Put airtight, allergy-proof, zippered covers on your pillow, box spring and mattress. Hardwood floors with rugs that can be washed are better for you than carpet. If you have carpet, vacuum each week, and shampoo or steam clean it every 3 to 4 months. Use shades instead of curtains, or wash curtains in hot water (130°F) every month. Use your bedroom closet only for shoes and clothes that you wear at least once a week. Move all other items to another closet.
other ways to avoid dust mites: Use a vacuum with one or more of the following: HEPA (high-efficiency particulate arrester) filter double-layered bag microfilter bag If possible, have someone else vacuum. Get rid of clutter that collects dust. Use a dehumidifier to keep indoor humidity below 50%. (Do not use a vaporizer daily. This will increase humidity.) Change furnace filters often (at least every three months). Change them every month during the winter. Cover heat vents with an air filter or cheese cloth.
shades instead of curtains plain lampshade (not pleated)
hot waterwashable bed linens hot waterwashable throw rugs airtight, allergy-proof pillow and mattress covers
exercise Exercise is important to your health. Even if exercise is a trigger for you, don’t avoid it. Being in good shape will help you manage your asthma. And if you are overweight, losing weight may make it easier to control your asthma.
To help prevent a flare-up: warm up for at least 5–10 minutes before you exercise in cold weather, cover your mouth and nose with a scarf, muffler or ski mask (helps warm the air before it reaches your lungs) if your doctor has said to, use quick-relief or other medicines before you exercise (see pages 17–18)
Walking is very good exercise. You may need to walk indoors (at a fitness center or mall) to avoid triggers such as cold and smog.
if you feel a flare-up coming on, stop and rest when air pollution levels are high, try not to exercise outside
allergens Over 80% of people with asthma also have allergies to things like dust mites, molds, pollen or animals (saliva and flaking skin). These things are called allergens. When a person is exposed to some allergens (especially dust mites), he may have an asthma flare-up. If you think you may be allergic to something, talk with your doctor.
germs and infections One of the most common triggers is an infection of the airwaysâ€” like a cold or the flu (influenza). Flu shots are recommended for people with asthma*. Ask your doctor if you should get a flu shot each year. People pass many germs to each other by coughing, sneezing and sharing things like spoons or cups. Wash your hands often
to avoid germs.
* Source: CDC, National Center for Infectious Diseases, ACIP.
My Warning Signs An asthma flare-up begins slowly. Most people feel warning signs when a flare-up is starting. But everyoneâ€™s warning signs are different. Learning yours can help you and your doctor make a plan to keep a flare-up from becoming severe. Check the
warning signs you have had before a flare-up: dry cough stuffy nose, runny nose, watery eyes sneezing, itchy throat feeling tired feeling sad, angry, moody
headache stomach ache ear pain tight chest wheezing shortness of breath or fast breathing trouble sleeping because of coughing,
wheezing or shortness of breath
drop in peak flow meter scores
Write in any signs you have had:
Help avoid flare-ups. Know your warning signs.
Peak flow meter Your doctor may want you to use a peak flow meter. This is a small device that lets you measure how well air is moving through your airways. Your peak flow meter scores may warn you of a flare-up before other symptoms occur. When an asthma flare-up begins, the tiny airways of your lungs slowly narrow. Changes in peak flow meter scores may help
you tell if your airways are narrowing hours or days before you begin to cough or wheeze. By taking medicines early (before other warning signs begin), you may be able to prevent the flare-up or make it less severe. You should use your peak flow meter: every morning when you wake up, before you take your medicines when you are having asthma symptoms or a flare-up, and then again after taking medicine for the flare-up any other time your doctor suggests Keeping track of your peak flow meter scores will help you manage your asthma. You can do this by writing them in your asthma diary (page 26).
To use a peak flow meter: 1. Stand. 2. Remove any gum or food. 3. Slide the arrow to the bottom of the numbered scale. 4. Take a slow, deep breath and blow into the peak flow meter as hard and fast as you can. (Stop if you begin
to cough or make a mistake. Do not write that number down. Try again in a few minutes.)
5. Write down the number reached by the arrow.
6. Repeat steps 3–5 two more times.
7. Write down your highest score in your asthma diary on page 26. (Don’t average the numbers.)
Make sure the peak flow meter is level. Don’t blow down.
personal best peak flow number To use daily peak flow meter scores to check your breathing, you need to have something to “check” them against. This “check” is your personal best peak flow number. This is the highest peak flow meter score you can reach when your asthma is under good control. For a 2–3 week period when your asthma is under good control, write down your peak flow score each day. To find your personal best peak flow number, take your score as close to these times
between noon and 2 pm each day any other time your doctor suggests Use the asthma diary on page 26 to record your scores. Your highest score during this period is your personal best peak flow number. Write this number on your asthma dairy and on your asthma action plan (page 28).
your breathing zones Using your warning signs and your personal best peak flow numbers, you will be able to tell what breathing zone you are in: green, yellow or red.
GREEN ZONE (all clear)
YELLOW ZONE (caution)
RED ZONE (emergency—time to call your doctor)
Treating asthma Asthma causes more hospital stays than any other chronic disease. It causes more visits to the emergency room than any other disease. You can prevent most of these scary events. Asthma does not have to cause you to miss activities. Work with your doctor to set up a written asthma action plan. This may include: learning your warning signs avoiding triggers (see pages 4â€“6) learning what medicines to take and how to take them With a good asthma action plan, you should: be able to keep up with your usual activities (including exercise, sports and work) be free of flare-ups sleep through the night without waking (due to asthma) use a quick-relief inhaler less than 2 times a week have no visits to the hospital or emergency room (due to asthma) have few side effects from asthma medicines
Medicines There are two main types of asthma medicines: long-term control (preventive) quick-relief (rescue)
long-term control medicines These are taken to prevent asthma flare-ups. You may have to take these for a long time. You will not become addicted even if you use them for several years.
anti-inflammatory medicines Most preventive medicines are anti-inflammatory. They help reduce swelling in the airways. Anti-inflammatories come in 2 forms: inhaled steroid
Take your medicine regularly even if you feel better.
Steroid medicines are the most common type of preventive medicine. These are not the muscle-building steroids taken by some athletes. Preventive steroids are taken as a fine mist from an inhaler or a nebulizer (pages 20 and 24). Inhaled steroids are strong medicines but are also the best medicines for long-term control of asthma. As a rule they are safe, but you should ask your childâ€™s doctor about the risk of side effects. Your childâ€™s doctor will closely watch the use
of these medicines.
To prevent side effects (such as a sore mouth and throat or bad taste), use with a spacer and rinse your mouth with water and spit after each use of the inhaler.
combination medicines Some drugs are a combination of a steroid and a long acting bronchodilator. These are usually given as an inhaler in cases of moderate to severe asthma. This medicine is NOT a rescue inhaler! Combination medicines include: Symbicort® Advair® Dulera® The non-steroid medicines include: cromolyn sodium leukotriene modifiers immunomodulators Some of these are used with an inhaler or a nebulizer and some come in pill or liquid form, or as a shot.
Make a note… 1. Long-term control medicines prevent symptoms or flare-ups by decreasing inflammation in the airways. They will not give relief for symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath) already showing. 2. You should continue taking long-term control medicines even when you have not had any signs of asthma for several weeks or months. After your asthma has been under control for a while, your doctor may have you slowly decrease the amount of these medicines. 3. Take your inhaler to each doctor visit. Ask the doctor or nurse to watch you use it and check your technique.
quick-relief medicines When you have an asthma flare-up, the muscle bands that open and close your airways tighten up. Quick-relief (rescue) medicines relax these
muscles so that air can move in and out easier.
quick-acting inhaled bronchodilators These are the medicines that work best for
relieving coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. You should begin to breathe easier within 10 - 30 minutes of taking quick-relief medicine.
Quick-acting bronchodilators are breathed in (inhaled) from a hand-held inhaler (page 20) or a nebulizer (page 24). They may cause a headache, fast heart rate, trouble sleeping or jittery feeling. Most of the time, these side effects go away or get better after you have been using the medicine for a while. If they bother you or donâ€™t improve, tell your doctor.
NOTE: There may be times when you will need to take these medicines every day for several days along with your preventive medicines.
If exercise is one of your triggers, your doctor may tell you to take one of these medicines 15 to 30 minutes before you start to exercise.
CAUTION: Never take any medicines (including over-the-counter medicines such as antihistamines, cough syrup and cold medicine) unless your doctor has told you itâ€™s OK.
Make a note... 1. Always keep your quick-relief medicines with you at work, at home and on vacations. 2. Wait at least 15 to 30 seconds between puffs. 3. If you have to use quick-relief medicine more than 2 times a week, your asthma is not in good control. Your asthma action plan is not working. Talk to your doctor about this.
steroids (taken by pill or liquid) Most steroids are inhaled as long-term medicines to prevent flare-ups. But if you are in your red breathing zone, the doctor may have you take steroids as pills or liquid for several days. These are very helpful in controlling a severe flare-up. They may take about 4â€“12 hours to begin working and should be taken with food. When taking steroids by pill or liquid, you should continue using your inhaled preventive medicines. You should also keep using your quick-relief medicines for fast relief of symptoms. You should never stop taking steroids without your doctorâ€™s advice.
Type (preventive or quick-relief) What it does
When to take How to take
How long to take
When you will feel it working
What to do if you forget to take
Side effects and what to do about them
Ask the doctor to help you fill in this chart.
This page may be copied for your use. ÂŠPritchett & Hull Associates, Inc.
Ways to take asthma medicines Your doctor may have you take your asthma medicine as a pill or liquid, by inhaling it or by injection.
inhaler A metered dose inhaler (MDI) is a small hand-held device that lets you breathe in a fine mist of medicine. The inhaler is set to give a pre-measured dose of medicine with each puff. Your doctor will tell you how many puffs you should take. Not all inhalers are the same. Read the instructions with your package to find out exactly how your inhaler works. To use an inhaler the right way, it is best to have a spacer/holding chamber. This will help you get the right amount of medicine into your lungs and not just into your mouth. A spacer/holding chamber can also help you avoid some side effects.
inhaler with spacer
medicine can mouthpiece
medicine can mouthpiece
cap holder holder
spacer/ holding chamber
Some asthma medicines come in a dry powder inhaler that releases the powder into your mouth. A deep breath pulls the medicine into your lungs. These medicines look just like an inhaler, but do not need a spacer. Ask your doctor which type of inhaler you have.
Not all inhalers or spacers are the same. Read the instructions with your package to find out exactly how your inhaler and spacer/holding chamber work. For all inhalers, make sure you:
1. Shake the inhaler well right before each puff. 2. Prime the inhaler before first use and if it’s not used every day. To prime the inhaler, hold the canister away from your face and press down to release one or more puffs.
3. Remove the caps. With the inhaler in the upright position, insert the mouthpiece of the inhaler into the spacer or holding chamber.
4. Stand or sit up straight and, when ready, gently breathe out.
5. Put the mouthpiece of the spacer/holding chamber into your mouth—over the tongue and between the teeth. Seal your lips around the mouthpiece.
6. Start to slowly breathe in, then press down on the metal can to release 1 puff of the medicine.
7. Breathe in slowly and deeply to fill the lungs. 8. Hold your breath for 10 seconds and then breathe out
slowly while keeping your lips sealed on the mouthpiece.
9. If you are supposed to take more than one puff, repeat steps 4–8. For the quick-relief meds, wait 15 to 30
seconds between puffs to let the first puff begin working.
10. When finished, rinse your mouth and spit (not needed when using quick-relief).
11. Follow the directions on the package to clean and store the inhaler and spacer.
CAUTION: The contents of an inhaler are under pressure. Don’t keep it or use it near an open flame. 21
Make sure you prime your inhaler the first time you use it and again if you havenâ€™t used it for several days.
To prime your inhaler: Take the cap off and shake the inhaler. Spray a puff of medicine away from your face. Shake and spray the inhaler like this 2-4 more times.
Different medicines have different priming instructions. Check with your pharmacist or on the package label for exact priming instructions for your device.
don’t run out It’s hard to tell when an inhaler is empty. All inhalers will continue to spray air (propellant) after the medicine is gone. If your inhaler does not have a counter, one way to tell if the inhaler is empty is to make a chart. Follow these steps:
1. Look at the number of puffs on the side of
the medicine can. (“Inhalations” means “puffs.”) Write that number down.
2. Write down the date and how many puffs you
take each time (include “puffs” used for priming).
3. Add the numbers in the total column each week to see how close you are to the total number of puffs in the inhaler.
If using a chart is not handy, you can make a mark on the medicine can or the inhaler box each time you take a puff. Then you can add up the marks at the end of each week. You can also use an inhaler counter to keep track of the number of puffs. You can find these at asthma and allergy supply centers.
With a nebulizer, you breathe a fine mist of medicine into your lungs. The medicine is breathed in through a mask or mouthpiece. A nebulizer may be used: during a severe flare-up
cup for medicine
when you have trouble using the inhaler
When you use a nebulizer: Make sure the doctor or company that supplies you with the nebulizer shows you how to use it. Follow the doctor’s orders when adding medicine. Clean the parts of the nebulizer according to the directions that come with the machine. Write down the name and phone number of the company that sold you the nebulizer in case you have problems.
CAUTION: • Medicine made for a nebulizer can be very harmful (even cause death) if someone drinks it. • Be careful with medicines around young children. • Take medicine only as your doctor tells you to.
Asthma diary: putting it all together The asthma diary on the next page will help you and your doctor: learn what makes your asthma worse decide if your asthma action plan is working know when to add or stop a medicine decide when to get emergency help
To make the diary most useful: 1. Fill it in every day. It’s hard to remember what happened if you skip 2 or 3 days.
2. Take it to every doctor visit. 3. Remind the doctor that you would like to talk about it. 4. Save the completed diaries for several months. These will
help you know what’s needed for long-term asthma control.
‘s Asthma Diary
How to use
Shortness of breath
Fill in the blocks under “Asthma Signs” by using numbers in the key at the bottom of this diary. Fill in the names of your child’s medicines, and write in the number of times a day he takes them. Date
Personal Best Peak
26 child’s name
= ______ green
= ______ yellow
= ______ red
Daily Peak Flow Scores AM
None = 0 Occasional = 1 Frequent = 2 Continuous = 3
Activity Normal = 0 Can run short distance = 1 Can walk only = 2 Missed school or stayed indoors = 3
Adapted with permission from National Asthma Education and Prevention Program, Expert Panel Report 2, National Institutes of Health.
None = 0 Occasional = 1 Frequent = 2 Continuous = 3
Fill in the blocks under “Asthma Signs” by using numbers in the key at the bottom of this diary. Fill in the names of your medicines, and write in the number of times a day you take them.
How to use Wheeze
‘s Asthma Diary
=0 =1 =2 =3
Fine Slept well, slight wheeze or cough Awake 2–3 times, wheeze or cough Bad night, awake most of the time
Shortness of Breath
Daily Peak Flow Scores
= ______ red
= ______ yellow
50-80% below 50%
= ______ green
Personal Best Peak
This page may be copied for your use. © Pritchett & Hull Associates, Inc.
=0 =1 =2 =3
Shortness of breath
Fine Slept well, slight wheeze or cough Awake 2–3 times, wheeze or cough Bad night, awake most of the time
Working with your doctor You and your doctor must work together to find the asthma action plan that is best for you. Ask your doctor how often you should visit. To get the most from these visits: Take your inhaler, peak flow
meter, spacer/holding chamber and asthma diary with you. Show the doctor how you use them.
Ask questions. Write down your questions before each visit. Be sure you understand your doctorâ€™s answers.
Give information. Tell your doctor
how youâ€™ve felt since your last visit. Share your diary and peak flow meter scores. Talk about how and when you take your medicines.
Follow directions. Write down everything your doctor tells you. Follow your written asthma action plan closely.
Questions for your doctor:
Personal Best Peak Flow Meter
‘s Asthma Action Plan Yellow Zone:
You are breathing your best.
You are not breathing your best.
You need help now.
ave peak flow meter scores h greater than _________ (80% of your personal best peak flow number)
h ave a peak flow meter score between ______–______ (50%–80% of your personal best peak flow number)
ave a peak flow meter h score less than_________ (50% of your personal best peak flow number)
s leep through the night without coughing or wheezing
e coughing or wheezing b at night
e coughing, short b of breath, wheezing
h ave early warning signs of a flare-up
s uck in skin between ribs, above your breastbone and collarbone when breathing
ave no early warning signs h of an asthma flare-up can do usual activities
h ave trouble doing your usual activities (work, exercise)
Take preventive medicines:
Take quick-relief medicines:
Continue to avoid triggers.
Take quick-relief medicines 15 minutes before exercise.
ave trouble walking h or talking
Emergency Medicine Plan:
Continue or increase preventive medicines. Call your doctor or emergency room and ask what to do. Call your doctor if:
Call 911 if:
y ou stay in the yellow zone for more than _________ hours
your nails or lips are blue
your symptoms are getting worse
y ou have trouble walking or talking
y ou use quick-relief medicine more often than every 4 hours or _________ times a day
Take the Asthma Control Test (ACT): Google “asthma control test” for various examples. 28
you cannot stop coughing
This page may be copied for your use. ©Pritchett & Hull Associates, Inc.
When to call your doctor Ask your doctor to check the signs below that tell you when to call him or her. low peak flow meter scores that do not improve after taking quick-relief medicine using quick-relief medicines more than every 4 hours or 4 times a day needing quick-relief medicines every day, or using more than 1 can a month wheezing that does not get better after using quick-relief medicines
Dr. _________________________â€™s phone number: _________________________
shortness of breath hard coughing, persistent coughing or too much mucus trouble exercising rapid breathing chest tightness missing sleep because of cough or asthma missing work often because of asthma medication side effects cannot stop coughing other:
Asthma on the go In your daily life, it’s important to keep your preventive inhaler and quick-relief medicines nearby. If you go on a trip, you must be even more prepared. If traveling by air, take medicines and supplies on the plane.
When to stay home It may not be a good idea to travel when you are having asthma problems. Stay home if you feel very tired or have: low peak flow meter readings trouble breathing, or other symptoms of a flare-up a fever over 100°F (38°C)
With asthma, you need a special plan for traveling. Use this checklist to be sure you are ready before you leave.
My Travel Checklist Medicines enough medicine for vacation, plus some extra a list of all medicines labels from pharmacy bottles (for emergency refills) medicines and inhalers with spacer and/or mask
Records asthma action plan asthma diary with peak flow meter numbers medical insurance card(s) your doctorâ€™s phone number the names of asthma specialists where you are going
Equipment peak flow meter nebulizer and supplies, if needed anti-dust mite items, if needed (pillow and mattress covers) medical alert bracelet or necklace, if needed ÂŠPritchett & Hull Associates, Inc. This page may be copied for your use.
Reserve non-smoking rooms at hotels.
Resources These groups want to help you manage your asthma. They can answer your questions and send you information. Most of the information is free. American Academy of Allergy,
Asthma and Immunology
The Asthma and Allergy
Foundation of America (AAFA) 1-800-7-ASTHMA aafa.org
American College of Allergy,
Lung Line, National Jewish
Asthma and Immunology
Medical & Research Center
American Lung Association 1-800-586-4872 lung.org
Asthma Control Test (ACT) Google â€œasthma control testâ€?
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Reviewers and contributors for this book: Current review: Amanda Clark, RRT Lexington, SC Previous reviewers: Jo Ann G. Bedore, RN, BS, AE-C Akron, OH Renee K. Bergner, MD Burlington, VT J. Michael Halwig, MD, FAAAI Atlanta, GA Sally Crim Tibbals, RN, MS, CS Oklahoma City, OK Marjan Torbati, BS, RRT, CPFT Norman, OK
Special thanks to A. A. Marie SingletarySchuster, RN, for her contributions to an earlier edition of this book.
3440 Oakcliff Road, NE, Suite 110 â€˘ Atlanta, GA 30340-3006 1-800-241-4925 â€˘ www.p-h.com
We believe that you have the right to know as much as you can about your health. Our goal is to give you enough facts to get the main points clearly in mind. We do this with medical accuracy, warmth and humor. The result for you: less tension, more healing and a good idea of what to ask your doctor, nurse or others.
Published on Dec 10, 2014
With this book, your patients can successfully manage their asthma. This colorful guide features numerous interactive charts, including a tr...