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Siege and liberation of Pamplona 1813-2013 Historical re-enactment 25-27 October 2013


Siege and liberation of Pamplona 1813-2013 Historical re-enactment

LD: 1660-2013

25-27 October 2013


The re-enactment of the bicentennial of the end of the Blockade of Pamplona (1813-2013) is part of the activities of the Spanish Napoleonic Association (ANE).

ORGANISED BY:

Pamplona City Council

Introduction

31 October 2013, marks the 200th anniversary of the Capitulation of Pamplona, a historic event of great importance in the history of our city and of Spain.

COORDINATION:

Javier Iriarte HISTORICAL ADVISORS:

Diego Peña José María Espinosa de los Monteros Pedro del Guayo SPONSORS:

Spanish Napoleonic Association [Asociación Napoleónica Española, ANE] Forum for the Study of Spanish Military History [Foro para el Estudio de la Historia Militar de España, FEHME] Navarre Society of Historical Studies [Sociedad de Estudios Históricos de Navarra, SEHN] Friends of Burgos Military Museum Cultural Association Arlanza Infantry Regiment, Lerma Friends of Valencia Military Museum Cultural Association Aragon Gunners Association, 1st Royal Artillery Regiment Belagua Cervecería La Estafeta La Granja Chupinazo Casino Eslava Niza Roncesvalles Gaucho Mandarra de la Ramos Cafés Barros Vinos Artajona París 365 Albergue de Jesús y María Casa de Misericordia Añezcar Riding Club

In 1813, the French military garrison in Pamplona entrenched itself, becoming isolated from the bulk of the Napoleonic troops crossing the Pyrenees. The city was besieged by Spanish and British troops for four months. A French attempt at helping the Pamplona garrison failed when they were defeated at the Battle of Sorauren (27 and 28 July) by the Duke of Wellington. This was the beginning of the end of the occupation of the city. The blockade by Spanish and allied troops lasted from 25 June to 31 October 1813, when the imperial troops surrendered. On 1 November the French came out through the New Gate, putting an end to a ruthless, five-year war. From 25 until 27 October 2013, there will be an international historical re-enactment with performers from those Nations present in the military events —the Battle of Sorauren and the siege and liberation of Pamplona.

By promoting this event, the Pamplona Town Council remembers this historical event from an educational viewpoint while fostering interest in the recently restored Pamplona city walls as a place for both residents and tourists to visit and enjoy. This re-enactment is part of the tourist and cultural activities focusing on the city’s ramparts promoted by the FORTIUS Cross-border Co-operation Project with the twinned city of Bayonne, which is part of the Spain – France – Andorra Territorial Operational Plan [POCTEFA] promoted by the Pyrenees Working Community [CTP] and financed by European Regional Development Funds [ERDF].


Re-enactment of Pamplona Programme Friday 25 October 2013 8.30 pm – 10.00 pm Edicts, rounds lit by oil lamps and skirmishes in the Plaza del Castillo, Bajada de Javier and calle Estafeta. The edicts remember the curfew orders issued by the commander of the stronghold to the city’s residents during the months of the blockade. Saturday 26 October 2013 11.00 am – 1.00 pm Camp activities in the Ciudadela. Guard shifts and changing of the guards at both gates. 1.00 pm Parade of troops from the Ciudadela to the Town Hall Square. Route: Avenida del Ejército, Yangüas y Miranda, Paseo de Sarasate, Plaza del Castillo, Chapitela, Mercaderes and Town Hall Square. 1.30 pm Welcome at the Town Hall Square. 5.00 pm –

TROOP MOVEMENTS DURING THE SKIRMISH OF SATURDAY, 26 OCTOBER

7.30 pm Fighting between allied and imperial troops. Counter-attack of the allied troops who manage to prevent an attempt to come out and pursue the imperial troops inside the city. This combat re-enactment will take place in the area of the Portal de Francia, where Cassan left the city. The troops enter the city through the Portal de Francia and split into blocks (see in the route map) and then reunite in Town Hall Square. 10.30 pm Edict requesting rendition and cannonade and salvo at the Ciudadela. Parliament outside of the Socorro Gate. Sunday 27 October 2013

L REDÍN CABALLO ABALLO LO BLANCO

PASEO DE P

DISTRIBUTION OF CAMPS IN THE INTERIOR OF THE CIUDADELA

9.00 am – 11.30 am Camp activities in the Ciudadela. 12.30 pm – 2.00 pm Final bout at the Ciudadela and its slopes. Final capitulation in the interior, across the Sala de Armas.

PUENTE DEL SOCORRO

(*) In 1813, the allied camp was some kilometres from the imperial camp, but for organisational reasons and to make it easier for visitors, both camps have been placed in a more convenient location.

PORTAL L DE FRANC CIA


Lectures on the Peninsular War 1813. End of the French invasion. Navarre in the liberal crossroads

The Pamplona Citadel during French Occupation Speaker: Juan José Martinena Ruiz. Doctor in History and expert in Navarre’s Fortifications. Thursday 24 October. 7.00 pm

Fire in the Palace of Olite set by Espoz troops Speaker: Javier Corcin Ortigosa. Teacher at the Public School of Olite and expert on Olite subjects. Friday 25 October. 7.00 pm

Civivox Condestable Free admission with invitation Places are limited CO-ORDINATED BY:

International Forum of the Navarre Society of Historical Studies [SEHN] Forum for the Study of Spanish Military History [FEHME]

The French decline, and Doceañismo at the end of the Peninsular War Speaker: Francisco Miranda Rubio. Member of the Navarre Society of Historical Studies SEHN and the Forum for the Study of Spanish Military History FEHME. UPNA Chair Monday 28 October. 7.00 pm

Spanish regular troops in Navarre. The blockade of Pamplona Speaker: José Manuel Guerrero Acosta. Member of the Forum for the Study of Spanish Military History [FEHME]. Lieutenant Colonel of Engineer Corps. Institute of Military History and Culture. Tuesday 29 October. 7.00 pm FUNDED BY:

Government of Navarre

Sorauren and Zabaldica Speaker: Luis Eduardo Oslé Guerendiain. Doctor in History. Member of the Navarre Society of Historical Studies SEHN and Army Colonel Tuesday 29 October. 8.00 pm

The Anglo-Portuguese campaign in the Navarrese Pyrenees Speaker: Nuño de Lemos. Member of the Forum for the Study of Spanish Military History [FEHME]. Lieutenant Colonel of the Portuguese Army.

Life in Pamplona in war time. 1808-1813 Guided tours

Wednesday 30 October. 7.00 pm

“C’est fini”. The final Soult actions in Spain Speaker: Gilbert Lledo. Member of the Forum for the Study of Spanish Military History [FEHME]. French Historian and former Professor of History at the French Lycée in Madrid.

The Historian Pedro de el Guayo takes visitors through the intricacies of a city under siege and pressure from guerrillas and occupants on the inhabitants. Route: Plaza del Castillo, Plaza del Ayuntamiento and Museo de Navarra, Palace of Count of Ezpeleta, Plaza of las Recoletas and convent, Walls on the Portal Nuevo.

Wednesday 30 October. 8.00 pm

The post-war in Navarre Speaker: Juan Luis Erce Eguaras. Member of the Forum for the Study of Spanish Military History [FEHME]. Doctor in History. Thursday 31 October. 7.00 pm

Exiles, grudges and approaches: the intellectual epilogue of war Speaker: Juan López Tabar. Member of the Navarre Society of Historical Studies SEHN and the Forum for the Study of Spanish Military History FEHME. Doctor in History. Thursday 31 October. 8.00 pm

Saturdays: 5, 12 and 19 October Sunday 20 October Meeting point: Plaza del Castillo band stand Time: 11 am Duration: 1-1/2 hours Adult price €5 Children under 15: €2 Registration telephone no.: 010


TROOP MOVEMENTS DURING THE SKIRMISH OF SUNDAY, 27 OCTOBER Blue: Napoleonic soldiers. Red: Spanish and allied soldiers. The red and blue dashed lines indicate movements of combatants during the course of the ďŹ ghting inside and outside the Citadel.

Siege and liberation of pamplona 1813 2013  

Siege and liberation of Pamplona 1813-2013 Historical re-enactment 25-27 October 2013

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