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Sickle Cell Anemia Nicole Townson & Pam McPheeters


What is Sickle Cell Anemia? What causes it?


Sickle Cell Anemia is... The most common genetic disorder in the U.S. • 1 in 375 African Americans affected • 1 in 1000 Hispanic Americans affected • Other nationalities affected by sickle cell: Africans, Arabs, Greeks, Italians, Latin Americans and Eastern Indians. • Can occur in people of all races


Sickle Cell Anemia is... • Sickle cell trait is an inherited condition from parents. • People who carry the sickle cell trait are generally healthy


What are the symptoms of SCA? • • • • • • • •

Anemia Jaundice Gallstones Pain episodes Acute Chest Syndrome Stroke Severe infection High blood pressure in the lungs


How is Sickle Cell Anemia diagnosed? • Newborn babies in the U.S. are tested • During pregnancy, amniotic fluid or tissue from the placenta can also be tested • Blood testing


What is the treatment? • For adults, Hydroxyurea is used to reduce: o severe pain o acute chest syndrome o need for blood transfusions • The FDA approved this drug in 1998 o for children, studies for proper dosage are currently being conducted


Conditions to watch for

• • • • •

Fever Chest pain Shortness of breath Swelling Sudden visual change


Guidelines to keep patients healthy • Take vitamin folic acid daily to help make new red blood cells • Avoid too hot or too cold temperatures • Blood transfusions • Antibiotics


How is the disorder treated? Sickle Cell Anemia

• • • •

Antibiotics Blood transfusions Bone marrow transplant Intravenous fluids


“As to diseases, make a habit of two things - to help, or at least, to do no harm.� ~Hippocrates


Sickle Cell Anemia  

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