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INTERNSHIP Fab Lab Peru

Student: Pamela Carrion - s081833 Company Coach: Benito Juarez Internship Coach: Piem Wirtz


INTRODUCTION

index

ECO FAB

Context Workshop Zero Material Iterations

TRANSITION: From ECO FAB to FAB DESIGN CHALLENGE FAB DESIGN CHALLENGE

Decription of the Project

Workshop Pilot The Challenge Process Stage 1: Categorization and Organization of Material Scraps Stage 2: Digital Design Stage 3: Prototyping Iterations Stage 4: Digital Manufacturing Stage 5: Assemblage


PROJECT CONCLUSIONS ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES

123D Catch Workshop UI Studio REFLECTIONS

index


introduction

Through these last 6 months I made an internship in the Fab Lab Peru. I was considered

to be part of a working group which was responsible to open a new Fab office oriented to create Eco friendly solutions for wood Manufacturing Industries inside the protected area Villa Swamps. Nevertheless, the planning evolved to become a Fab Design Challenge which is a consulting that provides design solutions to different sort of industries in order to enhance their manufacturing processes to reduce their levels of pollution and a propose design solution for the re usage of their material scraps. The Challenge will be presented by a company which will provide the working team with materials or services. The solutions will be delivered in sorts of workshops which will include technological and manufacturer associates, experts feedback and external participants who will register to be part of these working team. Therefore, multi-disciplinary participants will joint knowledge, tools and experience in order to deliver a design solution to the company. I participate actively through the entire process from the beginning, I coordinate together with an external partner the Workshop Pilot which not included external participants in order to test the efficiency of the planning. Thus, it allowed me to understood the problems which will present during the official workshop and the adjustments which were required. The first challenge was directed to a social project which was an interesting directions for my growth. I had the opportunity to assist to client meetings in order to make associations, I participate in the development of the project, its transitions and evolution, I understood different approaches to design and I was introduced to the parametric design which was a revolution for my design process, the importance of associations.


introduction

Moreover, I learned to be proactive instead of complaining; we were a very reduce group of people since the Fab Lab was re-structuring, this had a big impact in my attitude towards problem solving. Overall I consider I have developed as a professional and not only as a student.


The ECO FAB was created in order to

develop projects which would enhance manufacturing processes by combining Digital Design and Digital Manufacturing while reducing the pollution created by the companies inside the protected area Villa Swamps. The materials for these projects will be donated by the companies in forms of scraps of their production. Therefore, the expectation of the companies was the development of objects created with their wastes; reducing their waste amounts through innovative processes and fulfilling the requirements of the government.

The Villa Swamps It is one of the last intangible areas located in the middle of Lima. The swamps are the home fo diverse species of migratory birds that use this area like point of rest, fauna and flora species are characteristic of this ecosystem. Nowadays the Swamps are been threatened by the urban and industrail growth in the zone. Therefore, the Local governments established special rules for the companies inside the tangible area which included the reduction of the waste and energy in comparison with other industrial zones in Lima. Thus, two companies of the timber industry Arquitecma and Casa del Carpintero requested assitance from the Fab Lab to solve the problem of material scraps in order to fulfill the rules.


eco fab

We visited the swamps to understand their actual condition and the impact of pollution, urban and industrial growth. We understood the ecosystem organization. It is clear that society needs to be educated

about the importance of preservation; and see it as an oportunity of development; therefore, socio cultural issues are part of the problem to be solved.


The agreement between the technological partner MGP Institute, the Fab Lab Peru and Arquitecma (a timber company) allowed the plan for this introductory workshop. The plan consisted in a multi disciplinary team combining experts, lecturers and participants who would work together to achieve an Interactive Structure built with material scraps from Arquitecma combining Parametric Design and Digital Manufacturing. The structure would have been formed by assembly cells which would rotate in the axes allowing motion through interactivity.

Workshop Schedule 1. Context and Materiality: Introduction to the Ecological context, material selection an experimentation insights. 2. Material Creation and Parametric Design: Material iterations, introduction in parametric design and dynamic

3. Design and Digital Manufacturing: Final design proposal and prototype of one cell per participant in the Milling Machine. 4. Digital Manufacturing: One cell will be selected to be fabricated in the milling machine in order to develop a section in real scale. Each phase would be accompanied by the support of experts in the correspondence subjects; introductions on the context of each phase, as relevant software would be taught during the lectures in order to encourage participants to research and a self learning approach. The structure of the workshop was performed by me and a teammate under the supervision of the Fab Lab Director.


eco fab


The objective was to create new materiality based in the sawdust of the material scraps in order avoid the restrictions of the materials shape, having more design posibilities. Material experimentation was a combination of the sawdust of the material scraps with glue in order to create a manageable, flexible but yet resistant material for the cells. A teammate and myself were responsabile for this task; thus we seek the expert opinion of a local sculptor Carlos Pedreros to find the more eco friendly and efficient glues. He suggested us natural glues: Rabbit tail glue in tablet and minced Bull Paw glue; and Latex Mocdeo by TEKNO. The expert explained the differences: “Both types could add flexibility to the final results; however, each has its dissadvantage either in the process of dilution or in the level of toxicity�.

Characteristics of the additives The natural glues are prepared out of mammal parts and hardener after the dirtiness is filtered. To be used it is necessary to be diluted in water on fire until is liquid resulting in a gelatinous composition which becomes strong when is dried. Both natural glues needed the same process to be prepared. Therefore, kitchen and pans would be required for the preparation of the mixture; adding an additional process. Latex Mocdeo by TEKNO, was a synthetic additive which did not required additional process to be dilute. However, the smell was highly toxic; thus gloves and mask were required to prepare the mixture. Although additional processes were not required; an open space was necessary to avoid the toxicity levels. This represent an additional requirement for the logistic plan.


eco fab


Preparation Measurements We used proportional measurements for the three experiments to compare the final results with each other, analyze them and find the most efficient mixture. We used 4 spoons of sawdust for each experiment and we vary the measurements of the glue from 1 to 4 spoons each time. Therefore, we performed 12 iterations; 4 per each glue (See Diagram of Preparation)

Findings and Conclusions PROCESS Natural Glues: -Required an additional process for dilution which would add an extra cost for the workshop. -The dilution process required extra time, increasing the time period of the lecture.

-The danger of burning was present due to mistakes or imprudent behavior of participants. Therefore, extra people would be needed for this lecture to assist them and control the danger levels. Latex Mocdeo: -An open space was necessary due to the levels of toxicity of its fumes. Therefore, logistics would difficult preparations for the workshop. -Problems such as tearing and headaches presented after the iteration. Therefore, it was not an appropriate additive for the workshop considering that some participants might be more sensitive to this problems.


eco fab


Final Results of Iterations Natural Glues: + The Rabbit tail and the Bull paw had almost the same final result in the 4 iterations. The most efficient mixtures were found when the measurements were more even: 4 spoons of sawdust with 3 or 4 spoons of glue. + The most efficient mixtures were highly flexible but yet consistent. The resistance test was also optimal; therefore it was very manageable and moldable. + The drying process lasted from 2 to 5 minutes which was a positive aspect. However, in a bigger scale this might be a problem at the time to pour the mixture into the mold. - They required a smooth mold for unmolding; the piece would not come out complete. Therefore, an additional process.

Latex Mocdeo: + Additional process for unmolding was not required. - The mixtures required a long time to try from 1 to 24 hours according to the measurements of the glue in the preparation. - When it was dried it was easily breackable when manipulated. Therefore, it was not flexible neither moldable. - Although the resistance levels were optimal; they were similar to the natural glues. Thus, this was not an extra value for the mixture.


eco fab


Conclusions The latex was discarded due to its high levels of toxicity which were opposite to the project vision. Moreover, the drying process was longer which would have increased the time consumption of the process . The final results did not add extra value in comparison with the natural glues. The natural glues fit properly in the context of the workshop and the vision of the project. Although both glues had very similar final results; the rabbit tail glue added an extra level of flexibility making the preparation more manageable and moldable. Therefore it was selected to be used in the workshop.


Fab Design Once the planning of the vision, the workshop and the material iterations were finished; the Fab Lab presented the final proposal to the associates. The agreement was stated as: The technological associate MGP would provide its facilities for the lectures of the workshop including laptops for the software lectures. The company Arquitecma would donated its material scraps in forms of a kit per participant. It would also facilitated us with the extra materials required such tools, nails, screws, etc. The Fab Lab will be in charge of the lecturers, experts and it will provide the workshop with the milling machine for the preparation of the molds.

Although the agreement was made and preparations for the marketing of the workshop was planning; the associates started to make change in the program in order to obtain more profitability for themselves. Therefore, the structure of the agreement started to change and polarization feeling increased; leaving the Fab Lab in the middle of the interests conflict. This feeling discourage some of the team members of the Fab Lab whom decided to leave the project weakening the team. This was a great learning experience for me since I realized how the agreements and the associations worked in the real world. I realized the importance of making very specific agreements and that making meetings with all the involved companies was necessary to avoid this type of misunderstandings. It was nece-


transition

Fab Design ssary to avoid this type of misunderstandings. It was necessary to make an adjustment in the structure and vision of the new office in order to offer more benefits for the associates as for the participants. For the new working team I was selected as coordinator; and together with the Fab Lab Peru Director Benito Juarez we re-structure the proposal and find an optimal solution for everyone involve. Therefore, a new approach was found for the new Fab office: The Fab Design Challenge. The ECO FAB vision concentrated in the re usage and creation of materials out of material scraps to design products through the launch of workshops; however, the range of scope was limited. The new vision mutate from concentrate exclusively in the protected area inside the Villa Swamps ring to cover other potential industries which would required assistance to

solve design and processes problems outside the rigid zone. Moreover, I shared my concerns of profitability to the Director and the importance of the creation of fast courses in order to generate funds for the new workshop. Therefore, fast courses in forms of one day workshops were established beginning with 123D Catch workshop to generate additional funding and promote Fab Lab activities in Lima.


Fab Design The Fab Design Challenge was the new vision where the Fab Lab will work as a Consulting office. The Fab Lab will provide design solutions and enhancement of processes to the companies which will present a challenge/design problem that requires a solution. As in the previous project the Fab Lab in association with technological partner (MGP), manufacturing partners (Casa del Carpintero ) and a team of national and international experts and lecturers will design and fabricate a solution through the development of a workshop for external participants (innovators). The workshop will be oriented to the challenge presented by the company. Therefore, we have four actuators: 1. The Company will present the challenge to the teamwork in a clear presentation. It will also provide the group with tools and materials. The company will receive the design solution with the rights of it to manufacture it and sell it afterward; acquiring a new line.

2. The Technological Associates: MGP will provide software license and lectures; not only for the participants but also for everyone involve in the project. Therefore, it will provide software training to a determinate number of members of the other associates of the project besides the innovators (participants). They will receive a fee for their services. Casa del Carpintero will provide the machinery and expertise for the construction of the prototypes in addition it will allow the innovators to make their iterations. It will receive a fee for their services; however, this fee will be below the normal since they will receive software license and training. 3. The Experts and Lecturers will belong o the Fab Lab net. They will guide the innovators through each step; however, they will stimulate initiative, self-learning process and research. They will receive a fee for their services.


Fab Design will apply to participate in the teamwork, once they have been admitted they will pay a tuition fee for the participation. They will receive training, working experience, the right to use their design for marketing and portfolio as assistance for making a planning to participate in initiatives as “start ups� to start their own business. The objective is to promote innovation for companies processes, products and market launching, through the development of products under innovative processes within an transdisciplinary ecosystem; integrating the participation of Companies, Technological Associates, Innovation Experts and Participants.


Fab Design The pilot was launched in order to test the project with out the participation of external participants. Therefore, we could analyze the processes and make improvements before launching the workshops. The challenge was presented by one of the associates Arquitecma which is located inside the protected area of Villa Swamps. Therefore, they have to follow stricter regulations in comparison with other industrial areas in Lima; due to this issue they encounter their material scraps as a new opportunity for business. However, since they are manufacturers and not designers; they required assistance to solve this problematic. Moreover, it was decided to give the challenge an added value by involve social aspect to the project. It was known that a shelter between 5 and 15 years old with HIV required furniture for their

pilot computer room. Thus, it was decided that the final results of the challenge will be donate to implement this computer room. In conclusion the challenge was to create a design solutions in terms of optimal process, low costs and design to use the material scraps of Arquitecma in order to implement the computer room for the Shelter of children with HIV.


Fab Design The project was developed through associations, cooperation and teamwork: Arquitecma (The Company) donated material scraps. Casa del Carpintero (the technological associate) donated the use of machines for the manufacturing. Two Fab Lab members (including me) were responsible for the categorization and organization of materials by size and type; the design and manufacturing of the prototype; and to improve the manufacturing processes. International experts from the Fab Lab net gave us guidance and feedback in different steps of the innovative process.

pilot


Fab Design CATEGORIZATION AND ORGANIZATION Total duration of the task: 7 hours The material scraps were stored with out any type of categorization; therefore, it was very difficult to determinate the type and the quantity of materials which were available for the challenge.

stage 1:

The owner company introduce us to the 5s Method1 which included the Categorization and Organization of Materials in order to have an approximate amount and make an accurate material selection. We worked in a group of 5 people to bring out the materials of the shelf, categorize them by type and organize them in the shelf by size and type.

1 Japanese method which organizes a working space for efficiency and effectiveness

pilot • Categorization: We categorized the materials by type; and decided to separate in three types according to the most abundant materials. Therefore, the groups were: MDF, Melamine and Others (MDP, wood and plywood). Duration: 3 hours. • Organization: We realized that the most abundant size vary from 10 to 15 cms. width. And from 40 to 70 cms. lengt. Although there were longer and wider rest; the amount was reduced. Therefore, we re-organized the materials by size Duration: 3 hours.


after

Fab Design


Fab Design

pilot

Conclusions: • We concluded that the design should be oriented to the most abundant sizes to have an optimal manufacture process. The bigger sizes will consider to make the tabletops; however, the structure should be performed with the other rests. • The materials will be use in original form. Therefore, material creation was discarded in order to reduce the time consumption and to avoid an extra process to the manufacturing. • Melamine was selected for the challenge due to their regular thickness which was 18 mm in all pieces. This particularity vary from the other rests.

stage 1:

Duration of the meeting: 1 hour.


Fab Design pilot Considerations: The design proposal was performed by myself and a teammate. We realize that extra considerations were required:

stage 2:

• Due to the age variation (between 5 to 15 years old) there will be a difference in scale of the users; thus, the tables should be adaptable. The expert Fabio Lopez (architect and Fab Lab member) suggest us to avoid any type of fixation in order to make the table flexible. Moreover, it will reduce cost for extra materials.

• We decided to optimize the material amount by using pieces of 10cms width; thus, we could use most of the pieces. Since melamine was selected all pieces were 18 mm thickness which gave us more assemblage possibilities. • Press fit1 system was avoided due to melamine complexion. Since it is a porous material the perforations required for press fit would weakened the material and possibly break it in the future.

• It was necessary to have rounded edges due to the health of the users. Therefore, injuries should be avoid especially open wounds. 1 Press Fit is a type of fit for mating parts, usually tighter than a sliding fit, used when the parts do not have to move relative to each other


Fab Design DESIGN DECISIONS

Measurements:

1. Assemblage:

• Cell: Width 0 cm. per Length 32 cm. 2 Holes: 18 mm width per 10.1 cm

We decided to work with vertical and horizontal axis; therefore the pieces required from holes which will be parallel to each other. The pieces will be introduce inside each other in both axes giving structure to the pieces resulting in a strong and resistant table. The holes will exceed 1 mm to the width of the piece to make a stronger fitting. The holes will also enable future adaption of pieces in order to change the scale.

stage 2:

pilot

2. Master Pieces: We designed three master pieces (cells) which will assembly creating a skeleton resulting in the desk for the children. The holes were proportionally located in the pieces; thus, the holes will bealways at the same level facilitating the assemblage.

• Celluloid: Width 10 cm. Length 42 cm. 3 Holes: 18 mm width per 10.1 cm • Celula: Width 10 cm. Length 62 cm. 4 Holes: 18 mm width per 10.1 cm


Fab Design

stage 2:

workshop


Fab Design We decided to construct a cardboard prototype to test the assemblages of the pieces of the table sides as the assemblage of them with the tabletop. It was important to solve this problem before sending the pieces to cut in the CNC. The prototypes were performed by the Fab Lab Director and myself.

stage 3:

First Prototype: Sides and table top assemblage The table side was assembled first; it was capable to stand by itself without extra support. Some pieces of the structure for the tabletop were added to test the assemblage between both parts. The results were optimal.

pilot


Fab Design

pilot

Second Prototype: A coffee table

Third Prototype: Conceptual table

It was built using 16 pieces. It resulted to be functional and resistant. Although the language was predictable and massive; it was an important starting point to understand the assembly language and the structure of the table. As result of this prototype we decided to reduce the amount of pieces for future iterations.

The language was tested in this prototype and it was a challenge to establish the assemblage of the tabletop with the table sides due to the scale of the prototype. We encountered that the structure failed in the tabletop weakening the table. The structure was sufficient in the sides; however, it was not optimal for the final prototype. The amount of pieces (30) made the table massive and messy which was not the part of

Measurements: 30 cm x 40 cm. Height: 30 cm

Measurements: 60 cm x 60 cm. Height: 70 cm

stage 3:

the vision of the project.


stage 3:

Fab Design


Fab Design Fourth Prototype: Final Table with L pieces Measurements: 65 cm x 65 cm. Height: 70 cm

stage 3:

Since the previous prototype failed in tabletop a new sort of piece was designed: L piece. The L piece was the combination of Cell and Celluloid pieces. This addition did not only fixed the assemblage problematic encountered before but also reduced the amount of edges resulting in a smooth appearance. It was built with 16 pieces as the third iteration optimizing the material usage while the structural aspects were optimal. It was the suggested design for the final prototype.

pilot The prototypes were presented to the client whom agreed in the suggestion of the fourth iteration as the prototype to be constructed for the shelter. We realized that although the prototype developed is a table; bunches and chairs can also be performed following the same constructive language.


stage 3:

Fab Design


Fab Design The manufacturing process was in charge of two companies under the supervision of a teammate and myself: Arquitecma (the company) prepared the pieces, cutting the scraps into the established measurements. However, once the pieces were unpacked we encountered mistakes: • The pieces were made not only from melamine ; thus, the thickness vary from 18 to 20 mm.

stage 4:

• They were not cut appropriately, the width vary from 9.8 cm to 10.2 cm. • In some cases pieces were glued to each other; thus, once separated the surface was damaged. • Some pieces were bended and not straight which difficult the assemblage.

pilot


Fab Design

stage 4:

CDC (associate) was in charge of making the holes of the pieces in the CNC machine. Although we agreed on dates and schedule with the owner; we had to return in 3 opportunities to the company before the cuts were made. The operators were busy and reluctant to performed the work since it was highly time consuming because it needed to be done piece by piece. The cut process latest 4 hours for 30 pieces. It was performed with the CNC which worked with air pressure to make the drill rotate. We had to make adjustments to the original drawing in order to add the diameter of the drill (6mm) resulting in a playful shape. Afterward the pieces were taken to Arquitecma to make the holes for the dowel to make the assemblage of the L piece. It was also necessary to fill the edges.

pilot 1

2

3


stage 4:

Fab Design


Fab Design

pilot

Conclusions:

stage 4:

• The manufacturing process should be performed exclusively by ones company in order to optimize the process and reduce the possible mistakes and time consumption and transport costs. • Although at the moment it is necessary to perform the cutting process piece by piece due to the error of 1 mm per cut of the machine; the expert Jens Dyvik suggest a solution by making an external frame that will contain several pieces and located into the machine. Therefore, it is possible to establish the point 0.0 accurately and avoid the gab of 1 mm per cut of the machine. Thus, time consumption would be reduced.

• The It is important to establish proper schedules for cutting process which will be respected by the associate; otherwise the workshop would lose credibility. Therefore, the agreement should be should be definitive. • Although the L piece added an extra value to the aesthetics and structure, it required an additional process to perform this assemblage which made us reflect if the benefits validated the extra effort and costs.


Fab Design Assamblage The The assemblage was performed in Arquitecma. Although we had a selected proposal; we decided to make a coffee table with the simplest language in order to compare it with the final results in terms of structural aspects, aesthetics and flexibility.

stage 5:

The coffee table was assembled and disassemble in 2 minutes by one person. It was built with 11 pieces which made it light and easy to transport. The tabletop pieces could stand an approximate weight of 15 kg. The level of difficult of the assemblage was minimum.


Fab Design The final table – L shape pieces: • It was assembled in 20 minutes by two people. • It was built with 22 pieces (including the L shape pieces) which was the minimum required for this model. • It required from strength and – if possible – a rubber hummer to introduce the pieces to each other.

stage 5:

• The sides and the tabletop were assembled separately and once ready they were put together.


Fab Design Observations: • The fitting of the pieces became a problem due to the mistakes made during the preparations of the pieces. Some were smaller which did not adjust properly and some were bigger and a rubber hammer and effort was required for the assemblage. • The assemblage required two people which was not optimal for the vision of the project. The objective was that the table was easily assemblage. • Although the pieces were rounded the texture of the sides represented a minor danger for the children. • The width of the pieces could have been smaller since the final result was more massive than expected.


stage 5:

Fab Design


Fab Design


Fab Design pilot WORKSHOP CONCLUSIONS:

stage 5:

• In general the pilot was successful, the client was pleased with the final prototype. We were capable to make everyone involved to participate and understand their benefits and responsibilities. However, this required effort from our side due to cultural difference which included the policy “Tomorrow, tomorrow”. • Although we planned the most suitable process for the project; adjustments were required once the workshop was tested. We did not considered the cultural difference and extra costs due to the decision of building the prototype in two companies. Therefore, we failed in the logistic plan.

• The project vision and approach are interesting because it intends to innovate the manufacturing processes, re use materials in order to create profitability for the clients and a new commercial focus for the area, it intends to re educate industries about the importance of re usage of materials and environment issues which will represent benefits for themselves and society.


additional 123 D Catch Duration: 1 day Investment: 15 euros Difficulty level: Minimum

Fab Lab Peru

This was one of the fast courses proposed to generate funds and promote Fab Lab activities in Lima. The proposal use a open source software by Autodesk 123D Catch which consist in making 3D models by pictures taken from anything which is 3 dimensional; could be people, objects, animals, etc. The idea is to make between 20 to 40 shots at the same level in a range of 360 degrees in order to take the entire volume of the desire model . The model needs to have normal lighting and have a contrasting background in order to process correctly into a 3D image. Once the pictures are taken they can be processed and store in the software; after processing the shots it replicates the images into a 3D image which can be

The objective was to introduce open sources tools to participants in order to motivate their creativity and innovative behavior. The introductory workshop was performed in association with Escuelab1. I participated in the workshop planning and workshop pilot; assisting participants and giving them indications for taking pictures; it was a successful workshop in terms of generating 3D Models. However, the manufacturing stage failed due to the logistic planning mistakes such as material availability and tools for the participants. Afterward improvements were made and nowadays Escuelab launches this workshop in 3 sessions per month 1 Escuelab is a space in the center of a Latin American capital that seeks to encourage artists, theorists and young activists to project their ideas, born of this, to design and construct possible futures in which with imagination will address the gap between technology and society.


additional

underground innovation

UI I decided to associate with a Fab Lab Member to launch the pilot of a studio which we named Underground Innovation Studio – UI Studio in order to test the market possibilities for my professional future. This idea was also inspired due to the re structuring of the Fab Lab throughout my internship. Several projects were planned but not executed during that time. Thus, I decided to find an alternative plan in order to fulfill this gaps and complete my Competency Development. Objective We wanted to bring innovation in terms of artistic installations, design and interior architecture. We want to introduce interactivity and technology to simple aspects of life in order to learn to co-habitat with it making it a normal aspects of society. Peruvian market has not explore the interactive design properly.

PROCESS We wanted to launch the studio through an interactive installation together with two prototypes at an exhibition. The objective was to gain attention through the installation to show the objects which would be sold. The installation would be a real scale model of my project BIOTOPO which was exhibit in the ID’12 during the Dutch Design Week 2012. We have a magazine which is willing to make a publication and a space to exhibit it. BIOTOPO Installation • Test Prototype: We built a test prototype in order to test the strength of the servomotors. We used a frame 180 cm height and 100 cm width with a depth of 20 cm.


additional

underground innovation

UI The material was double corrugated cardboard since we were using servomotors with a torch of 3.5 Nm/Cm. The motors were located facing each other and we separate the axis in 2 parts to reduce the effort. The motors carried 8 cardboard slots of 160cm per 10 cms and the test was optimal. Each motor could carry til 5 slots with out extra effort. Design Decisions: • The double corrugated cardboard was not appropriate for an exhibition context. The material aesthetics were not appropriated, it tend to bend and was not long lasting. Therefore, we decided to use honeycomb cardboard which is lighter, stronger and more presentable since is covered with a white layer.


additional UI

underground innovation

• The axis will be made out of PVC tubes since they are light and resistant. • Additional axis were required to straighten the slots, this will reduce the motor effort and it will maintain the slots straight when they are static. • Programming: The face tracking was not sufficient for a real scale prototype. It presented failures due to lighting issues at the DDW; therefore, it was decided to change for motion tracking through frame rate in processing.


additional UI

underground innovatio

Logistic Problems: Unfortunately the process has delayed because the sponsor decided to change the sponsorship date for the middle 2013 which was a problem for me since I wanted to launch it before going back to Holland. We tried to built one part on our own funds nevertheless, this took longer. The owner of the gallery could not hold the space so our date was postponed until we could assure the construction of the installation and prototypes. At the moment we are still trying to built the installation to test it in a public space; we are starting the design stage within these days due to time and logistic issues.

Final Prototype: Costs: 150 euros The final prototype is being built with a section of 224 cm per 120 cm and a depth of 20 cm. The honeycomb cardboard for the frame was 13mm and for the slots was 6 mm we also have borders to make the construction more stable. We built an axis with drain tubes and adapters which growth in diameter from 0.5 inches to 4 inches giving as the necessary diameter changes for the rotation of the slots.


final prototype

additional UI


final prototype

additional UI


additional UI

underground innovation

Current Situation At the moment we are finishing the axis and starting with the programming changes. I considered this was a great learning experience for me since I learned about the impact of third parties in a project. The biggest issues was the sponsorship which delayed the entire process. I understand now that in reality all stages are related; if one fails it will affect the development of the rest. I do not perceive this as a failure more as an opportunity; we are still working on this project and we will continue until I go back to the Netherlands at the end of next month. Since my internship responsibilities are over I can concentrated in the development of this project.

I consider this as an investment for my future since I want to make a studio in Peru in 2014 I need investment which I can search once this project is proved and launched. Therefore, I will continue with it not only for my studies development but mostly for my future purposes.


reflections • My vision is to create sensorial experiences for users in order to deliver a feeling of relaxation and creativity into their daily life. Nevertheless, in my previous projects I was more poetical and less practical which concerned me deeply. Through my internship I was confronted with the real business and the professional life. I learned to oriented my vision into business aspects to make them profitable. This was a great learning experience for my future professional life and inspired me to consider opening my own studio in the future. • Teamwork and adaptability is vital for the success of a project. I learned to listen others vision and to express my ideas in a clear way in order to make improvements in the project. Since I was confronted with complains and concerns from clients my communication skills have improved substantially. • Cultural and social differences are relevant aspects to be considerate during meetings and agreements. It is important to find the correct approach with the business owners in order to make an agreement and with the operators and workers from the company. It is important to create a confident connection with both actors; nevertheless, the approach varies: Owners are business man worried about profitability and benefits for their business; having a clear and professional proposal is very important to make associations. Operators and workers need a less professional approach, they need to feel comfortable and relax in order to understand the task and create a bond. It was important for them to feel respected and not underestimate. • The user opinion was determinant for the project purposes. It was the first time I have into consideration the client requirements; I consider now that in the past I designed more for myself than for the users. I understand now that they are the center of the projects, they should be respected and considered from the beginning of the process; otherwise the design process failed.


reflections • Agreements and associations are very important in business world. It is vital to be clear and specific especially when more than one association is needed because everyone is concerned about their own interests. Association are stronger than sponsorship; the correct approach is to make an exchange ( knowledge, technology, facilities, machinery or resources) instead of requesting help. Is about the approach, if help is requested the companies more likely rejects; if exchange is offered more companies are interested because it is an investment. • Although we did not performed parametric design in the final process; I understand now its principals and advantages. Parametric Design will be add to my design process a variety of options in one drawing which can be adapted according to the needs and future developments optimizing the process. • Although I was supervised by the Fab Lab Director Benito Juarez; I was free to make proposals and participate beyond a merely intern. The policy was to be self directed and proactive; which I was a challenge at first but helped me to growth as a designer and as a professional. • Through the process people abandoned the project due to internal problems. At first I was negative about the Fab Lab situation and I could not find a solution to make the project continue; however, I changed my attitude and decided to be part of the solution and not the problem. I consider this attitude made me gain lot of learning and professional experience.


Internship Report by P. Carrion