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Circular debt clearance in time, reiterates Dar 1700 MW electricity to be added to national grid system Govt pays Rs 200b to IPPs 100,000 tons of sugar and the Speaking on a point of order, Trading Corporation of Pakistan the minister informed the house ISLAMABAD—Minister for Fi- (TCP) has been directed to pro- about the decisions made by ECC and said that the committee has nance and Revenue, Ishaq Dar on Friday reiterated that the governContinued on Page 6 ment would clear all the circular debt before the deadline of August 20 as the transaction of over 322 billion debt return to private companies was continuing. “Transaction of returning Circular Debt to the private sector companies is continuing and banks are paying off Rs.322 bilOBSERVER REPORT lion to these companies,” he told ISLAMABAD—Pakistan has the National Assembly. He expressed the hope that refused to accept any of the with this about 1700 megawatt conditions offered in the new electricity would come into the program by the International national grid system and help Monetary Fund (IMF). mitigate load-shedding immedi- cure and release the saidquantity Reasons for the refusal ately. The Minister apprised the of sugar to the Utility Stores Cor- were attributed to the harsh naNational Assembly that the Eco- poration (USC) to meet require- ture of the conditions proposed nomic CoordinationCommittee ment in the holy month of Continued on Page 6 has decided to procure another Ramadan.


UN aid bodies in Jalozai shut down amid threats TARIQ SAEED PESHAWAR—Uncertain situation and potential threats from the militants have ultimately forced large number of humanitarian aid organizations including UN bodies and NGOs to shut down their offices in the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) camps in Jalozai Noshehra district Friday causing a big blow to the aid and rehabilitation activities in the region. The Jalozai Refugees camp, once used to be a biggest

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Pakistan refuses to accept IMF conditions

Talks to resume after Pak govt settles down: Salman

Prayers as Some ‘unfortunate incidents’ dealt setback to dialogue Nelson Mandela S —India on Friday then we can resume it. However, will do that. There are some issaid the composite dialogue with there are some issues on which sues on which expecting some remains critical Pakistan will be resumed after the both the government and people quick progress is not possible,” RINAGAR

CAPE TOWN—South Africans prayed and waited as the condition of ailing antiapartheid leader Nelson Mandela continued to be critical, forcing President Jacob Zuma to cancel a trip to neighbouring Mozambique. Zuma had been due to attend a summit in Maputo of the Southern African Development Community to discuss regional infrastructure, but pulled out after visiting the 94year-old former president in hospital late on Wednesday. But a government statement Continued on Page 6

Cameron due today

new government in Pakistan settles down, and pending confidence building measures between the two countries are implemented. “It is not good that we say everything right at the outset. The atmosphere is good at the moment. Let it improve further to be conducive for talks,” External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid told reporters in Srinagar. “Let them (the new government in Pakistan) settle down and understand their job,

expect some progress, and we will get some satisfaction from it. Then things can move on smoothly from there,” he said. The focus of the Indian government, at present, is to resume sectoral dialogue, whereby progress can be made on certain issues, Khurshid said after addressing Congress workers at the PCC office in Srinagar. “Our formulation at the moment is to start a sectoral dialogue. The issues on which we can make forward movement, we

SC summons ex-PM in discretionary funds case

ISLAMABAD— The Supreme ISLAMABAD—British Prime Court has summoned former Minister David Cameron Prime Minister arrives here on an official visit Raja Pervez today to hold wide ranging Ashraf on 16th talks with Pakistani leadership. of next month During his stay, he will to explain his hold talks with Prime Minister position in the Muhammad Nawaz Sharif on discretionary funds case. the regional situation with Chief Justice Iftikhar particular reference to the Continued on Page 6 Muhammad Chaudhry headed a

3-member bench of Supreme Court (SC) during the course of hearing of case of misuse of development funds under discretionary powers here Friday During the course of hearing CJP remarked if the destiny of the country will never change and we will continue to pursue status quo. “Those pleading truth should block all the ways of cor-

Continued on Page 6

he said. The External Affairs Minister said there are some confidence building measures which are to be implemented by both the countries to further improve the atmosphere. “There are confidence building measures like the most favoured nation status (to India) which they had decided earlier, but has not been implemented yet and the new visa regime which we have announced and will en-

Continued on Page 6

Shah warns govt against using Swiss cases to ‘choke’ PPP OBSERVER REPORT ISLAMABAD —Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly Syed Khursheed Shah said on Friday that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has said several times that the cases against President Asif Ali Zardari had been created for political motives un-

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Poverty, maladministration, foreign interference main causes of unrest in Balochistan: Hamid Gul Geo-strategic location, minerals of the province invaluable assets Comment

province in particular and the country in general. He said, Balochistan has been a neglected ISLAMABAD—Former Director region over centuries and it could General, Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) and Ex-Corps Commander Quetta, Lt Gen (Retd) Hamid Gul says, the unrest in Balochistan has been mainly due to three factors namely acute poverty of the people, mal-administration and repeated foreign interference in the affairs of the province. He was expressing his views in an exclusive interview with Pakistan Observer over the issues relating to Balochistan

Ashraf Ansari

not attract due attention of the government and nation after Pakistan had come into being. Area wise Balochistan is the largest

province of the country. The province has extensive economic potential but its resources have remained untapped because of insufficient infrastructure like roads and other amenities of life. Had there been a real effort to buildup infrastructure in the province, there would have been economic development and prosperity all around. The General observed that Balochistan has been blessed by nature with precious minerals including gold, silver, copper, coal as well as vast reservoirs

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OGRA proposes petroleum products price hike ISLAMABAD—The Oil and Gas regulatory Authority has advised the Ministry of petroleum and Natural Resources to increase the price of petroleum products by Rs 3.66 per liter. Well informed sources said here on Friday that OGRA has recommended to increase the price of Petrol mostly used in transport by Rs 2.66 per liter, High Speed Diesel (HSD) used in agriculture and industrial sector Rs 3.66 per liter. Price of kerosene oil which is being used as alternate fuel in rural areas where LPG is not available has been recommended to increase by Rs 2.50 per liter. OGRA has also recommended increasing the price of light diesel oil (LDO) by Rs 3.04 per liter and High Octane Blended Compotent (HOBC) by Rs 2.36 per liter. The source told online that after the growing trend of petroleum prices in the global market the government has decided to increase the price of petroleum products. The new prices will be implemented from July 01.—Online

Beijing is PM’s first foreign destination

Nawaz embarks on ‘business for Pakistan’ trip on July 4 LIAQAT TOOR ISLAMABAD—China is the first destination of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif when he will reach there on July 4 to seek business and investment for Pakistan to energise its faltering economic order. Chinese Premier Li Keqiang was in Pakistan last month when Sharif had not yet sworn in as executive head of the country, but his crucial meeting with the Chinese leader paved the way for more understanding on working together in political and economic fields. Nawaz Sharif is undertaking visit on an invitation of the Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, from July 4 to 8. A high-level delegation will accompany with him. An official has described PM’s visit as ‘business for Pakistan’ trip. Prior to his visit, a task force led by Ahsan Iqbal, Minister for Planning and Development had visited Beijing from June 24 to 26 and laid foundation for developing strategic economic partnership, particularly initiating mega projects in con-

necting western province of proposals discussed by this task China to Gwadar through road force with Chinese leaders. As China has allowed Pakistan to use rupee component of its $ 1 bn Safe Deposits in the State Bank of Pakistan, which were placed for building up dollar reserves, Beijing will come up with more concessions to Pakistan, particularly in production of cheaper electricity by extending and rail links. Concrete shape financial and technical assistance will be given to initiatives and Continued on Page 6

PM to announce energy policy Pakistan’s energy ills. People and economy have suffered ISLAMABAD—Prime Minister badly at the hands of crippling Muhammad Nawaz Sharif has power crisis and it is high time said that New Energy Policy that prudent and consistent poliwill turn out to be panacea of Continued on Page 6


Governor restores Mawajab Allowance P E S H AWA R —Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor, Engineer Shaukatullah has restored the Mawajab Allowance of the Maliks of Darra Adamkhel and has advised the Commissioner, Kohat to ensure disbursement of the amount to the respective tribal elders at the earliest. It merits a mention here that the Mawajab Allowance of the tribal elders of Darra Adamkhel which falls in the jurisdiction of Frontier Region, Kohat remained suspended for quite some time. Meanwhile, the concerned authorities have also asked the respective tribal maliks to contact the Commissioner, Kohat Division for making disbursement of their Mawajab Allowance possible.—APP

No water scarcity Nanga Parbat attack cannot dent Pak-China ties in country: Ahsan PTDC tightens tourists’ security

ISLAMABAD—Pakistan Tour- Chitral,Kalash, Shandur and at holy month of Ramazan. Resources Shahid Khaqan Nanga Parbat mountain. ism Development Corporation (PTDC) General Manager Sheikh Fayyaz Ahmed on Friday said that PTDC has beefed up the security for its local and foreign tourists, after Nanga Parbat camp attak incident. Talking to APP Sheikh Fayyaz Ahmed said that despite the unfortunate attack event at Nanga Parbat base camp, an increase of more than 25 percent was witnessed by the fall of June. “Despite the negative media projection by the international media, PTDC achieved its targets to promote domestic tourism during the start of March to June”, Fayyaz added. He said that PTDC has increased security at all resorts including Murree, Galiyat, Ayubia, Kaghan, Swat

all other valley resorts. He said PTDC has re-launched summer tour packages and announced special rates for its hotels, motels and resorts situated in most attractive tourists place in the country. The GM said that PTDC will also welcome development and operation of tourism projects in different parts of the country under a public private partnership programme. To a question, he said PTDC has started its bus service each escorted with a guard for Naran to give an opportunity to people who want to enjoy summer vacations at hilly areas with their families. The PTDC GM announced 30% discount on accommodation in its Ayubia and Naran Resorts during the

Sheikh Fayyaz said that PTDC is promoting domestic tourism and ensuring that tourist sites are fully secured and taken care of so that if the security situation does improve we are in a better position to cash in. Pakistan Muslim League-N Gilgit-Baltistan leader Hafeez-ur-Rehman has strongly condemned Nanga Parbat attack on foreign tourists. Talking to VOA, he appreciated law enforcing agencies for identifying the culprits of the attack. He said that PakChina friendship can never be affected by such attacks. He informed that a mechanism was being evolved for effective security of foreign tourists. Earlier, Federal Minister for Petroleum and Natural

Abbasi has said the government was taking steps to revive confidence of tourists and restore the country’s image as a tourist friendly destination. Talking to APP, the federal minister said no doubt the killing of tourists in Northern Areas would affect tourism. Tourists are not prepared for acts of terrorism which happened in Gilgit Baltistan, he added. The incident has damaged the image of Pakistan, he said adding the government was taking all possible security measures to check recurrence of such heinous crimes and provide protection of life. The government has held non-state actors responsible for killing of tourists at base camp of

The government was making earnest efforts to trace out the culprits involved in the incident, the Minister said. Strongly condemned the murder of tourists in Nanga Parbat, PML(N) Leader, Dr. Nasir Jamal said the terrorist tried to tarnish the image of the country among comity of nations. He said that government was making earnest efforts to trace out culprits being this heinous crime. Dr. Nasir Jamal said that non state actor were primarily responsible for this incident who will be brought to book. He said that elaborate measures were being taken to provide security to the foreign tourists visiting different parts of Pakistan.—APP

I SLAMABAD —Minister for (ICIMOD). The minister Planning and Development Ahsan Iqbal said on Friday that there is no water scarcity in the country but water resources are not managed properly to overcome water related issues. “Pakistan has water storage capacity of only seven per cent of total available water in the country, which needs to be improved”, Ahsan Iqbal said while addressing a two-day International Conference on Water for Life and Development here on Friday. The conference is organized by Pakistan Water Partnership in collaboration with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), UNESCO and International Center for Integrated Mountain Development

said that Pakistan is going to face critical water management crisis.

He said when Pakistan was created, the per capita water availability in the country was 5000 cubic meters while in near future it would be as low as 800 cubic meters per capita.—APP

Minister outlines proposed education policy priority P ESHAWAR —The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister for Elementary and Secondary Education, Muhammad Atif has said that unified system, judicious distribution of authority and proper arrangements of training for the teachers is part of our education agenda. Talking to different delegations coming from various localities in his office, the minister said that a comprehensive policy to this effect will be chalked out in

CHAMAN: A large number of NATO trucks and trawlers are seen at Pak-Afghan border area.

35 passengers injured in accident BASHIR AHMAD RAHMANI HAFIZABAD—More than thirty passengers including 10 women and five children were seriously injured when recklessly driven Sargodha-bound bus skidded of the under-construction road near Rakh Branch Canal Bridge Chak Chatha on GujranwalaHafizabad Road, five kilometer off here Friday morning. The Rescue-1122 and police contingent rushed to the spot and removed the injured to the DHQ Hospital Hafizabad where condition of five of them is critical. According to passengers, ill-fated speeding bus No. JB2008 coming from Narowal and bound for Sargodha when reached near the place of occurrence it swerved off the road due to depressions resultantly it overturned. Most of the window panes of the bus were badly smashed. It is pertinent to mention that widening and carpeting of Gujranwala-Hafizabad Road has been started six month back but due to one or the other pretext its completion has not yet been made as a result of which several road mishaps had been taken place due to the presence of piles of stones and depressions.

Employees foundation, Kharri Varsity soon: PM STAFF REPORTER MUZAFFARABAD—The Prime Minister of AJK Chaudry Abdul Majeed has announced 30 percent cut on Prime Minister secretariat budget as an austerity measure. He announced it while addressing the House in concluding session of budget debate for fiscal 2013-14 here in AJ&K Legislative Assembly. Budget session started with Speaker Assembly Sardar Ghulam Sadiq Khan in

chair. AJ&K premier also announced the parent departments postings of all deputationists of AJ&K government posted in other departments saying all the austerity measures would be taken to save the resources and utilize maximum resources for prosperity and development of the people of the state. “We respect the mandate and the suggestions rendered by the opposition and will try

to have possible room for their proposals”, he added. The AJ&K premier also announced to establish Employees Foundation for all the servants of AJ&K government from grade one to twenty one. Elaborating further the austerity steps he announced to withdraw security from all the ministers. He also announced to shift contractual employees who have been working in Public Works Department, Public Health.

ECP directs political parties to remove flags, banners, hoardings within 15 days I SLAMABAD —The election commission of Pakistan (ECP) on Friday has asked all political parties to remove their Flags, Banners and hoardings from the cities/ towns within 15 days, failing which the removal charges will be recovered from respective party. According to a communique’ issued here, the ECP

authorities said that the Flags, Banners, Political hoardings displayed/fixed by the political parties in the cities/towns during the campaign of General Elections, 2013 have not so far been removed by them from the areas of the constituencies. It further said that the political parties are requested

to make necessary arrangements for removal of such material bearing all expenses on their behalf and restore the site into its original condition within 15 days. The ECP directed all the Chief Secretaries of the provinces to ensure compliance of the above-said directions of the ECP in letter and spirit.—APP

Book launched on population planning SALAHUDDIN HAIDER


comprehensive book o n population planning titled as “ Capturiing the demographic dividend in Pakistan” w a s launched in Karachi at a function yesterday. It contains valuable material with facts and figures, charts etc, the book is a joint attempt by the Population


Council, and the United Nations Population Fund and is worth reading as well as being a tremendous addition to the list of reference books. Its author Dr Zeba Sathar has injected life in it through hard work, comprehensive research, and commitment to the cause, to let the readers know that there is strong linkages between population growth and social sector problems like health, education, labour force, employment etc. A number of speakers like former State Bank governor Dr Ishrat Hussain, and population experts from

foreign countries like Dr John Bongaarts, Dr John May, and Dr David Bloom, professor of economic at the Harvard (who addressed the gathering through video conferencing), Dr Mushtaq Khan, chief economic adviser, State Bank of Pakistan, Prof Dr Khalida Ghous, Managing Director, Social Policy and Development, Centre, the Sindh Assembly member of MQM, Khawaja Izharul Hasan, and Mr Mohammad Saleem Raza, the additional chief secretary, planning and development in Sindh Arif Ansari, Secretary, depart-

ment of Population Welfare, Government of Sindh, expressed themselves. They all were unanimous that the book was a valuable contribution to create awareness that unchecked population growth might prove a bombshell for Pakistan one day and estimated that Pakistan’s population in a couple of decades will rise to 300 million. With progress in social sectors, and employment opportunities growing at a slower pace than anticipated the country will be under enormous pressure.

the elementary department very soon. He said, conducive atmosphere to the employees of education department is the top priority of the provincial government so that they could properly concentrate on their responsibilities in a better way. He said that we have budget allocation for education sector which will be utilized in the backward areas of the province that ig-

nored in the past by the previous governments so that they could be brought the developed ones. The minister further said that we were striving hard for the redressal of the problems of the masses especially economic one. He also stated that a transparent policy regarding postings/ transfers of teachers will be announced soon as teachers are most respectable for us as well as the whole nation.

The education minister informed that modern information technology will be utilized for close coordination among different parts of the province and the government machinery. He also said that peaceful and healthy atmosphere will be ensured for rendering best results in the education sector which was the only way to stimulate all segments of the society for better results.—APP

Steps to overcome crises LALAMUSA—Federal Minister for Railways Khawaja Saad Rafique said the PML-N government was initiating practical measures to overcome the crises facing the country and resolve masses problems. “People have mandated us to resolve their problems”, he said talking to mediamen at Lalamusa Railway Station while travelling by train from Lahore to Rawalpindi. He expressed the hope that Pakistan would be made prosperous as the government was sincerely making efforts for the uplift of the masses. On the occasion, the residents of Railway Colony complained the minister about the non availability of drinking water and other missing facilities in the colony. Earlier, chairing a high level meeting in Islamabad, Saad Rafique said that it was the government’s responsibility to provide lower-income people a decent travel facility at affordable price. “The role of Pakistan Railways in this regard is of pivotal importance,” he said adding that our government’s resolve is evident from the PSDP Allocation for the coming fiscal year. During the meeting, the Minister directed the concerned officers to ensure the optimal consumption of funds, allocated under Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP). He was of the opinion that prioritization of the projects should be done in order to determine the equitable utilization of funds. He said that since public money was a sacred trust so the top notch was responsible for each rupee spent out of that provision. Taking strict cognizance of the four defective Traction Motors, the minister instructed to call the supplier on one day’s notice so that the issue may be resolved and in future any such discrepancy in the good supplied in lieu of procurement may be avoided. The minister said that it was the prime duty of the top management to make sure that a reliable, competitive and economical service of recognized standards is provided to the organization’s customers. Arif Azeem, Chairman Pakistan Railways Corporation was also present on the occasion along with the other departmental heads.—APP

Inter-faith harmony ISLAMABAD —Federal Minister for Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony Sardar Muhammad Yousaf said necessary steps would be taken after consultation with the scholars of different schools of thought for promoting interfaith harmony. Speaking at a dinner reception hosted by Tehreek-e-Tamir-eMillat Pakistan at Aabpara Community Centre last night, he said” PML-N believes in interfaith harmony and it will try its level best to bridge the gap amongst all the sects and other religions in provision to ensure peace and security across the country.” He assured the scholars to be remain in touch with them from time to time.He also appreciated efforts of his voters and supporters of his constituency district Mansehra. Yousaf thanked Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif for reposing confidence in him and assigning him the portfolio of such an important ministry. The minister said he would try his best to imrove the working of the ministry.—APP

Timber mafia running illegal wood trade ISLAMABAD—Influential timber mafia is flouting laws to smuggle million cubic ft of precious wood from Northern Areas to other parts of the country causing irreparable loss to forests and environment, National Assembly was informed Friday. “A powerful mafia is involved in it. The wood purchased at Rs 200 per ft from Gilgit-Baltistan is sold at the rate of Rs 3000 per ft in Lahore,” Minister Incharge for Cabinet Division Aftab Sheikh told the House, in response a Calling Attention Notice. He requested the Deputy Speaker to constitute a committee to investigate the matter. But, the Deputy Speaker directed the Minister to write to Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and GB Government to know the actual position. MNAs Maryam Aurengzeb and Junaid Anwaar Chaudhry had SEHWAN: Governor Sindh Dr Ishrat-ul-Ebad distributing clothes among deserving people during 761st Urs celebra- drawn the attention of the tion of Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar (RA). Minister towards transporta-

tion of this precious wood to other parts of the country thus endangering the environment and ecosystem. In response, the minister informed that in 2008, the then Cabinet had decided that 3.324 million cubic ft wood that was already cut, could be transported to other parts of the country till September 30, 2008 while remaining wood will be confiscated. He said later a committee was constituted to know the estimated monetary value of the wood. But, the then Ministry of Kashmir Affairs ignored this decision. Then the Cabinet Division wrote that the matter should be brought to the Cabinet meeting. But, contrary to proposal of the Cabinet Division, the then Prime Minister permitted transportation of this wood and the matter was not brought to the notice of neither the Cabinet Division nor the then Federal Cabinet.”— APP

Tehmina upbeat on her new book T

EHMINA Durani who shot to fame with he maiden book ‘’My Feudal Lord’’ has by now established herself as a writer author, human right crusader and intellectual of note. Now after 15 years of confining her role to a quiet and thoughtful housewife of note she is upbeat about her new and fourth book to be launched in Islamabad today (Saturday). Tehmina Durrani, bestselling author and activist, launches her fourth book, ‘’Happy Things in Sorrow Times’’ at the Pakistan National Council of Arts in Islamabad on Saturday, June 29. Durrani’s latest thought-provoking book, published and distributed nationwide by Ferozsons, is

the story of Afghanistan’s long war experience. Set against the backdrop of the ongoing war, Happy Things in Sorrow Times is a delicately-wrought tale—told from the hopeful heart of an Afghan child—of love, hardship, separation, loss and fear. The book is a treatise against war and it emphasizes the importance of caring for Afghanistan’s damaged young citizens long after U.S.-led forces leave the country next year. The highly anticipated Happy Things in Sorrow Times is Ms. Durrani’s first book in 15 years. She has illustrated it herself, with 30 watercolor paintings based on her personal visits to refugee camps in both Afghanistan and Pakistan. These pic-

tures will also be exhibited at Ms. Durrani’s book launch the book launch in in Islamabad will be moderated Islamabad. Happy Things in by Rashed Rahman a local ediSorrow Times has been tor, Mr. Ahmed Rashid, the glo-

hailed by award-winning author Khaled Ahmed, who has likened it to Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, the Lewis Carroll classic.

bally-renowned authority on Afghanistan, and publisher Mr. Zaheer Salamat of Ferozsons are also scheduled to speak at this exclusive event. Her previ-

ous works include My Feudal Lord (1991); A Mirror to the Blind, the authorized biography of iconic social reformer Abdul Sattar Edhi published in 1995; and the novel Blasphemy, which was released in 1998. Her first book has been translated in 39 languages and sold in 72 countries. Ms.Durrani has undoubtedly established herself as a renowned writer, advocate of women’s rights, and a role model of courage and resilience for women across the globe. Through her works she has campaigned for women’s equality as it is guaranteed by Islam, exposed the hypocritical lives of feudal overlords and political clerics, critiqued the failure of the state to improve the lot of its citizens, and

mobilized funds and awareness about horrific crimes against women. Ms. Durrani faced resistance and death threats after she fought for Fakhra Yunus, a woman disfigured by an acid attack in 2000 and who committed suicide 12 years later. For her work for the internally-displaced people of Pakistan following the military operation in Swat in 2009, she was made an honorary Swati. In 2010, when Pakistan suffered from its worst ever floods, Ms. Durrani mobilized support and relief for those affected. Looking at her track record and her achievements one would be looking forward to her new book and her, views on a, crucial topical subject, with keen interest.

Tax collection should be hassle free


Libya’s dangerously inactive govt


HE National Assembly on Thursday stamped its approval to the budgetary proposals for the next financial year and with this the PML(N) Government has got legal cover to implement its economic and financial agenda, as envisioned by Prime Minister Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif and his economic wizard Ishaq Dar. Though opposition members, during discussion on the budget, had expressed serious reservations over increase in the rate of GST, upward revision in the rates of Income Tax, hike in the rate of withholding tax on cash withdrawal from banks, imposition of tax on intending pilgrims and unheard of access to FBR to bank accounts but as the majority rules in democracy, the Government got the budget approved easily. The budget, no doubt, contains bitter pills but given the declining economy and developmental needs of the country there was no escape from making unpopular decision. But the fact remains that someone will have to think for the future of the country and the process has to begin without wastage of further time. It is also encouraging that the Prime Minister and his economic team have not just asked the nation to make sacrifices. They themselves have surrendered many privileges and discretionary powers that their predecessors enjoyed. However, we expect the sacrifices of the people will not be allowed to go waste and the impact of the difficult decisions should be visible in the months ahead. If the economy improves, bringing a healthy change in the life of the common man and then he will definitely forget the negative impact of the budgetary proposals. But this will be possible only if the proposals are enforced rigidly without fear or favour and all those with the capacity to pay are made to pay. True that many tax exemptions have been withdrawn, still there are many loopholes in the system leading to leakages and corruption making the national kitty-suffer. Indirect taxes are ultimately paid by the consumers but it is sad that those who earn hundreds of thousands of rupees daily pay either nothing or negligible as Income Tax. There are countless businessmen who collect GST or withholding tax from customers and pocket these taxes besides huge profits. The country is facing challenges of terrorism, lawlessness, crime, poverty, unemployment, disease and ignorance and the Government has to be given necessary resources to take measures to address them squarely. It is duty of the industrialists, businessmen and feudal, not only to pay their due taxes themselves but also motivate their colleagues to do so, considering it a national duty.

LHC Vs IHC – How and why? T

HE Lahore High Court on Thursday suspended the Islamabad High Court’s verdict on the previous Government’s amnesty scheme for noncustoms paid vehicles. On June 19, the IHC had declared the scheme illegal and asked the FBR to seize fifty thousand vehicles sold under the scheme and auction them but LHC has suspended the verdict. Technically, the suspension would apply in the area of jurisdiction of the Lahore High Court i.e. Punjab while in Islamabad the judgement of the IHC would prevail until and unless the Supreme Court reverses it and therefore, the issue will be handled differently in two areas. The two courts might have their own logic and understanding of the issue but it is a strange phenomenon that one issue should be viewed so diametrically by the custodians of the law, which speaks volumes about flaws and ambiguities in our legal system and the laws themselves. In the first place, one would agree that there should have been no room for entrance or plying of non-customs paid vehicles and those responsible to check smuggling should have been taken to task for closing their eyes when such a huge number of vehicles were brought into the country through dubious means. Secondly, once that had happened, it was quite logical to regularize them and it is understood that the Government might have earned handsomely by way of taxes. Therefore, reversal of the process by IHC was somewhat not understandable despite the fact that such a harsh measure would discourage tendency of smuggling in future. But it is all the more interesting that LHC viewed the same issue in a different angle and that is why suspended the verdict of IHC. This is not the only case where one particular incident has been interpreted differently by two different courts. It happens almost daily and not only in Pakistan but in other countries as well and therefore, it is time jurists review all laws and remove drawbacks that lead courts to different interpretations.

Sectarianism may wreck Lebanon again T

HE recent killing of eighteen Lebanese army soldiers in violent clashes with Sunni militiamen has generated fears that the country might slide into chaos once again. With civil war still raging in neighbouring Syria, and over one million Syrian refugees now estimated to be residing in Lebanon, the risk of a spill-over of the conflict is also there. Lebanon, which became independent in 1944, has a long history of civil war and strife and the problem erupted in 1975 after a bus attack by Christian militia. In June 1976, Syrian troops entered Lebanon to restore peace and also to curb the Palestinians, thousands of whom were killed in a siege of the Tel al-Zaatar camp by Syrian-allied Christian militias in Beirut. Israel launched a major invasion of southern Lebanon in 1978 followed by a full-scale war in June 1982. In fact, Lebanon’s complex religious and ethnic make-up has led to ideological and political views becoming polarised and fragmented between alliances amongst the eighteen recognized sects, which escalated into a fifteen year-long civil war. In addition to this, Syria, the PLO and Israel have fought their own wars within the country. Beirut was once considered jewel of the Middle-East where foreigners preferred to spend their vacations but it fell into Karachi-like situation in seventies and eighties and there are fears of repetition of the history. It is high time that all stakeholders should sit together to find ways and means to prevent this from happening.

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A new dimension of terrorism members of the judiciary. The TTP’s spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan has claimed the responsibility for attack on Justice Mohammad Jamil Baqar, and threatened to target judiciary for delivEmail: ering verdicts to militants on the charges of terrorism. The security top echn Wednesday, a bomb at elons have been complaining for the tack in Karachi killed at holes in the existing anti-terrorism least ten people and injured law, as a result of which terrorism 15 including senior Sindh High Court suspects go scot-free from courts and judge Justice Maqbool Baqar, who then continue with the bloodletting was on his way to the court along with of the innocent. Thus the thugs have an escort of four Rangers personnel been slaughtering innocent citizens, on two motorbikes and two police ve- including children and women in terhicles. The convoy was near Burns rorist attacks on markets, shopping Road when the powerful bomb ex- plazas, school children buses and ploded. The blast also damaged places of worship. These merchants Rangers’ motorbikes, police vehicles, of death and destruction have been walls and windowpanes of a nearby targeting lethally as well our sensibuilding. Police officials said Justice tive security assets, including the Baqar had serious threats from mili- army GHQ, the ISI, navy and air tant outfits, including outlawed force establishments. Anyhow, many accused are reLashkar-e-Jhangvi. According to a TV report the spokesperson for the leased because of lack of evidence, banned TTP Ehsanullah Ehsan and there is a perception that in the claimed the responsibility for the at- absence of adequate security for wittack on the senior High Court judge nesses and judges, it is not possible for his anti-Taliban and anti- to take the terror-related cases to logimujahedeen verdicts. According to cal conclusion. In fact honorable another news report, the militants at- judges also made observations about tacked him because he had dropped the inefficiency of the judicial syscharges against Muntazir Imam, a tem. Sheikh Azmat Saeed while deShiite, in FIRs registered at the livering his address to the full court North Nazimabad, Shar-e-Faisal, reference given in his honor to bid Airport, Shah Faisal Colony and him farewell at his elevation as judge of the Supreme Court in May 2012, CID police stations. Justice Maqbool Baqar has a said: “Pakistan is perhaps one of the reputation for honesty and fairness most regulated countries in the world as a judge in special anti-terrorism with plethora of laws, yet the chercourts set up to hand down quick ished goal of providing justice to the judgments in terror cases. After at- people remains illusive. It is the intacking on law enforcing agencies, efficiency of our legal system which schools, shrines and mosques, ter- has compromised its effectiveness. rorists have now started targeting The procedures, rules, regulations

News & Views


and practices forming the basic fabric of the system were conceived in the 19th century and were perhaps best suited to the times”. Since the courts give their verdict on the basis of evidence, national assembly passed a fair trial legislative bill on 20th December. The act authorized the state to intercept private communications in order to apprehend terrorists. It has formally paved the way for the government to tap phones and use e-mails and text messages as proof in trials. But this law should be applicable from the retrospective effect to bring the terrorists to book. The existing laws neither comprehensively provide for nor specifically regulate use of advanced and modern investigative techniques such as covert surveillance and human intelligence, wire tapping and communication interception that are used extensively in other countries, including the US, the UK and India. The bill passed by the National Assembly in Pakistan will enable the security agencies to gather evidence against terrorists through modern techniques and devices and make it acceptable to the courts for bringing them to justice. The security agencies of Pakistan have been complaining that they catch the terrorists and terrorism suspects but those are let off the hook by the courts for want of evidence that could hold in the court. The problem is that human witnesses are loath to stand in the witness box to testify for the dread of terrorists and their ferocious sympathizers. Even the investigators shy away from collecting the hard evidence for fear of their own and their families’ lives. Coping up with such a multifaceted terrorism of huge enormity and dimensions decidedly requires extraordinary measures. The situation certainly demands serious

and unified action and crackdown to root out the terrorists and their backers so that innocent lives of Pakistani citizens are saved and peace is restored in the country. The nation must remain united against terrorist threat and show solidarity with the armed forces. The Parliament should not only condemn the acts of terrorism, but also against terrorist organizations. If members of the Parliament feel that by holding talks with them can bring peace, they should do it but should not confuse the nation with their arguments of ifs and buts. A unified and collective front will not only frustrate the anti-Pakistan forces but will also reduce the threat of terrorism. There is need to prepare counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism strategy, and there should be complete coordination between the law enforcing agencies to conduct operation against the terrorists whether they are religious fanatics or centrifugal forces that challenge the writ of the state. It is only the civilian and military leaderships that have to think out a strategy, which they indeed should have done long time ago, but apparently they have not done it as yet. Terrorism has another dimension, as there is an intrigue to get Pakistan declared as a state that sponsors terrorism; it is a corrupt state and, God forbid it is a failed state. There is a perception that Raw, Mossad and CIA have made inroads in militant organizations, and having sufficient clout in politicos and in a part of media to create chaos, confusion and clash of institutions. Our government and all the institutions should act in unison in frustrating the designs of enemies of Pakistan. —The writer is Lahore-based senior journalist.

Can PML-N alleviate poverty? cessities of life such as; clean water, food, shelter, livelisocial services, social Dr Ghayur Ayub hood, life, family planning, gency preparedness, and communications. The program had the potentials to ational social indicators in uplift the community and empower mid 1990s signalled a need people at both planning and execufor total development strategy tion stages as part of social and ecoin Pakistan as there was; a) poor ac- nomic integration by bringing emcess to appropriate technologies, ag- ployment and dignity to the people riculture, health, nutrition, family at gross root level. As pilot project planning, education; b) lack of access it proved to be successful in four to credit to the poor; c) lack of assets provinces and PML-N government such as skilled human resources; d) in 1997 decided to own it by incorlarge families and so high dependency porating it in 9th Five Year Plan in ratio. It was estimated that poverty in- 1998 as ‘Gharibi Mitao Scheme’. hibited development of 23-34% of the The decision was based on population and if not tackled prop- program’s principles of rationale, erly, it would lead to social costs in implementation ease, replication terms of; reducing living standards; flow, financial requirements and for high inflation; unemployment; and the fact that it had synergistic effect malnutrition. Statistics showed that on Quality Of Life (QOL) for it bepoverty was the key to ill health as it ing a bottom up integrated approach was associated with social indicators. in which community and other line So the focus was fixed on health sec- departments collaborated. In simple words the salient feator as an entry point in alleviating poverty because of; awareness about ef- tures of ‘Gharibi Mitao Scheme’ fects of poverty on health; large in- were; for people to recognize and frastructure of over 10,000 health fa- appreciate government’s role and cilities; extensive network of health partnership; to promote visible deprofessionals at all levels; having po- velopment at gross root level; to use tential to link health facilities with the existing resources (personnel/inother line departments to achieve frastructure/logistics) efficiently; to realize that benefits of scheme were Health For All (HFA) strategy. It was for these reasons, the gov- far greater than costs (covering both ernment started a WHO-sponsored social and economic sectors); to augpilot project titled Basic Develop- ment the ongoing government initiament Needs (BDN) program to as- tives; to promote financial self relisess how to alleviate poverty in Pa- ance after initial investment through kistan. The program was a socio- loan recovery process; to convince economic contract between the gov- community in sharing the cost (both ernment and the people, to bring the in cash and in kind); to ensure the weakest sector of the society to the community of proper utilization and forefront in a responsible manner in return of public money and its terms of self-reliance, self manage- sustainability under varying political ment and self-financing, in collabo- conditions. As part of ‘vision 2010’ ration with the line departments of a ten years master plan spreading government, the donor agencies and from 1998 to 2007 was prepared for the community. It covered nine ne- its implementation. According to the


scheme interest-free loans of Rs 15,000 per family were targeted to the lowest 40% of the community whilst the community was expected to contribute up to 30% to government in cash or in kind. By the 10th year of the scheme 85% of the loans were expected to be recovered at an average recovery rate of 30% per year with a default ratio of 10%. The figures were based on the recovery rate in the pilot areas of the BDN program in previous four years which had been 100%. In terms of population over a period of 10 years the program would cover: 20 Tehsils in the first 5 years covering 0.4 million families equivalent to 6 million. 54 Tehsils by the 6th year equivalent to 1 million families or 16 million for that year. 26 Tehsils, 0.5 million families and 7.0 millions population as yearly compound mathematical addups for the rest of the duration of the program. Thus at the end of 10 years, 341 Tehsils, 6 millions of families and over 100 million of population would have been covered. In financial terms of loans disbursement and recovery; the recovery would start in the second year, which was added to the disbursement of the following year, thus reducing the actual requirement of loan for that year. In this way after seven years the requirement would change to surplus as the amount of recovery would surpass the amount of disbursement. To Quantify this in figures, the forecast showed that from Rs 4.0 billions in 1998 it would climb up to Rs 10.840 billions in 2003 but would climb down to Rs 5.130 billions in 2007. Similarly from zero recovery in the first year it would climb up to Rs 9.105 billions in 2005 and would come down to Rs 6.330 billions in 2007. This uneven graph was indicative of the fact that from 2005 the actual requirement would go into surplus. Total financial requirement from 1998 to 2007 was calculated to be

Rs.71.12 billions based on; a) Rs 0.127 billions on training; b) RS 3.278 billions on personnel; c) Rs 0.584 billions on supplies and vehicles; d) Rs 0.798 billions on local cost; e) Rs 66.580 billions on loans. In this way, apart from achieving health and population targets Pakistan would have come out of the “Poverty Zone” through this program by improved micro-economy. The potential partners in this program were; the government; people; UN agencies, World Bank; Asian Development Bank; and bilateral donors. While government was in the process of its implementation, a few influential self-centred bureaucrats and economists grab the opportunity and initiated a poverty alleviation program on public-private partnership model under Companies Ordinance 1984. It was called Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund (PPAF) with completely different philosophy comparison of which with BDN is beyond the scope of this article. If the aim was to run a parallel project for the poor people it would have been considered a positive and competitive step. But its founders found their success in the failure of government-run ‘Gharibi Mitao Scheme’. The poverty statistics of Pakistan shows the country is still in ‘Poverty Zone’. It is shame that a real opportunity was lost to alleviate poverty in real terms by a government sponsored scheme. It would not only have alleviated poverty but would have given dignity to the deprived public. It was definitely better scheme than PPP’s Benazir Income Support Program which tended to encourage beggary and thus had potentials to create a beggarminded society. It is hoped that the PML-N government under the leadership of Mr Nawaz Sharif and economic team of Ishaq Dar, Sartaj Aziz and Ahsan Iqbal will revive this scheme of their past to alleviate poverty & give dignity to the poor people.

ibya has developed an alarm ing knack of taking two steps forward and one step back. The elections last July to choose a congress, whose job would be to oversee the drafting of a new constitution, were widely predicted to be massive failure. In the event they were a signal triumph, with little of the violence and vote-rigging that had been expected. Moreover the rules under which the election was conducted meant that the new congress was not split along party political lines, because around half the members had to be independents. Once again this was seen by outsiders as a recipe for chaos. But in the end, it worked very well, with the independents giving and withdrawing their support to different political blocs and even, to a degree, coming to constitute an un-rigid, nondoctrinaire bloc themselves. Then came a big step back when the first prime minister selected by legislators to form a government, had virtually all of his choice of ministers rejected by the General National Congress. When his second proposed Cabinet met with little better response, the GNC withdrew the mandate and passed it to Ali Zeidan, who successfully put together a government and began work with immensely high public expectations. To an extent, it was inevitable that these hopes would be dashed. The sheer quantity of political and institutional reform, which included the courts and the judiciary, would have been daunting enough, even had there been sufficient properly-qualified candidates to take on these important roles. Unfortunately, Qaddafi’s 43 years of neglect for the Libyan education system — to say nothing of its health service — meant that there simply were not enough of the right people to move into ministries and galvanize bureaucracies, long used to being told what to do by a few important individuals within the regime. An official who had been warned from the moment he or she arrived in a ministry, that it was tantamount to a crime to exercise any form of discretion or individual judgment, was not going to suddenly leap competently at the challenges of building a new Libya. Zeidan’s government has however been almost spectacular in its inability to get things done. Red tape has if anything actually increased, with unqualified jobsworths delaying or blocking important paperwork, for the lack of a piffling check or an all-important counter-signature. It has got so bad that ministries last year were unable to spend their allocated budgets. The constant refrain now heard in government circles is that the administration is still battling with the doleful Qaddafi political inheritance. This is entirely true, but where are the substantive moves to create streamlined procedures, using the limited cadres of competent officials to fast-track the most important projects, such as infrastructure, health and education? Instead Libya is becoming awash with committees that are looking into endless proposals, often advised by foreign governments and NGOs. While little changes and Zeidan seeks to advance at an extremely cautious snail’s pace, by understandably trying to seek consensus at every turn, the security situation appears to be deteriorating. Benghazi, where the US ambassador was murdered last September, has long been considered off limits to foreign business because of its volatile security. This has seen a series of murders of military and security personnel, the latest being on Tuesday. Ordinary Libyans are sick of the violence and want peace and normality to return, to the extent that some now even regret the passing of the Qaddafi dictatorship. At least in those days, everyone knew where the danger lines were drawn in the sand. The upshot of this is that the spirit of revolution that informed Libya’s Arab Spring and so united the country in a common cause is fading and fading fast. Libyans are once more turning in on themselves, as under the old regime. They are looking to their community leaders to guide them, and more and more, they are ignoring a government that unfortunately seems bent on making itself an irrelevancy.—Arab News Cynicism is an unpleasant way of saying the truth. Lillian Hellman —US dramatist

Pak-China rail link Dr Manzoor Afridi Email:


ak-China friendship is an ex emplary model of cordial bilat eral relations where the two countries have mainly consolidated their defense ties. The twenty first century’s globalized world has knocked doors of the nation-states to open themselves not only for strengthening military but also to secure trade and energy supplies. This demand of globalization, like others, pushed Pakistan and China further for joint ventures of economic and infrastructure development. Upon victory in recent elections, Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif expressed in his first speech about the foreign policy issues, particularly drone strikes to be discussed with the US and vowed for the construction of rail-road link with China which will be completed in next five years. A Pakistani delegation will leave for China on 24 June to discuss the said project in detail. The Nawaz’ commitment for a mega project of rail connection between the two countries acknowledged and confirmed by the Chinese Premier Li Keqiang in his recent visit to Pakistan, by saying ““our two sides should focus on carrying out priority projects in connectivity, energy development and power generation and promoting the building of a China-Pakistan economic corridor”. The plan is not a new proposal; to build the railway has been around since 2004, but there now seems to be some movement on going ahead with the project. A sixmember committee comprising equal number of experts from both China and Pakistan has been constituted to move forward with the project. China has already prepared a feasibility report of laying a railway track in the difficult terrain of

Karakoram linking both the states through Khunjarab Pass where Pakistan awarded an Rs72 million (US$1.2 million) contract to an international consortium to carry out a feasibility study for establishing a rail link with China to boost trade relations between the two countries. Pakistan Railways and China’s Dong Fang Electric Supply Corp signed an agreement for establishing a rail link between Havelian and Khunjerab. Pakistan Railways has recently entered several agreements with Chinese railway companies for its development. In 2001, Pakistan Railways signed a $91.89 million contract with China National Machinery Import and Export Corp for the manufacture of 175 new high-speed passenger coaches. The project was funded by Exim Bank China on a supplier credit basis. Forty completely built passenger coaches have been received and 105 will be assembled in Pakistan Railways’ carriage factory by next December. Beside the rail track, oil and gas pipeline and fiber-optic line are the additional supporting projects in future which will link Gawadar with Sinkiang. The project will not only be beneficial for China and Pakistan but also for the region. The proposed project will create thousands of jobs at Gwadar and railway which can also minimize the grievances of the Baloch population, particularly. Islamabad is very optimistic about the future mega project due to the reason that it can be one of the sources of transforming Pakistan into a regional hub of economic development, energy corridor and a meeting place among various regions. A large number of foreign investors can be attracted then to Pakistan and Islamabad will get a huge and easily-accessible market of China for her own products. On the other hand, China will get even more from the rail project. This project is

an important part of the Chinese “String of Pearls” policy which is a network of Chinese military and commercial facilities and relationships along its sea lines of communication, extending from the Chinese mainland to Port Sudan. The sea lines run through several major maritime choke points such as the Strait of Mandeb, the Strait of Malacca, the Strait of Hormuz and the Lombok Strait, as well as other strategic maritime centers in Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, the Maldives and Somalia. The construction of this railway track will minimize the distance of Chinese Western regions, especially Sinkiang, with sea-shore. The Sinkiang’s distance from Shanghai Port is about 4,000 KM while it will take only 2,400 KM to connect with Indian Ocean through Gwadar Port. It will also favor China as Indian Ocean is about 7,000 KM away from Shanghai to carry on energy supply from the Middle East and African continent. Although there is too much enthusiasm from both China and Pakistan for the proposed rail project but challenges are even more awaiting. On external front, the US and India are the states which view the project with great suspicions. The US will never welcome China’s presence in Indian Ocean as she views it a potential loss of her strategic vision. The growing physical closeness of China with Middle East, especially Iran, through the PakChina rail link will further strengthen the Beijing-Tehran ties. Also, Pakistan can curb its power crisis with Chinese help. So, Washington has already vowed for helping Islamabad in this regard. It is the US tactic to get away Pakistan from China in future. India is deeply concerned over a China-Pakistan pact to build a railway line through Pakistani Azad Kashmir that Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has agreed during his visit

to Islamabad. Soon after the announcement of Pak-China rail link, Indian foreign secretary Ranjan Mathai expressed that India has showed her views to China, and New Delhi has serious reservations against it. It is not new for India as she had already protested on the demarcation and signing of PakChina border agreement in 1963 and construction of the Karakorum Highway in 1970s. Like the US, India would too not be happy on Chinese easy access to the Indian Ocean, as it can hinder the Indian supremacy in the region. As long as there is instability in Afghanistan, there can be no peace in the region, so is a threat of the militants for jeopardizing the future’s rail link. Beijing and Islamabad has formed a taskforce to eliminate the menace. The disturbed Balochistan situation is an obstacle which hinders the project most. The Indian involvement in Balochistan and her support for Baluch separatists aim for keeping the province backward and blocking Chinese access to the Persian Gulf. Looking into the external and internal challenges, the Pak-China rail link is difficult to materialize but indeed, not impossible. There is a change of regime in Pakistan and China and now new leadership of both countries are determined to work hard, not only for their own people but also for better future of the region. Both the states should seriously think to devise a common strategy for the post US and NATO withdrawal from Afghanistan. Intelligence sharing, joint military exercises and training between Pak Army and PLA should be increased for the safety of Chinese workers in Pakistan. By assuring security to Chinese engineers, Islamabad should start developmental work on fast-track basis at Gwadar and Balochistan at large.

War on terror or terror of war? M Rehan Rasheed


he year 2014 is cut-off date for withdrawal of the US-led forces. We have seen that the US wants to exploit its position to use the Asian trade routes to her own advantage to fulfil its global designs. The importance of this region, especially the Indian Ocean, was narrated well by Admiral Robert Long in 1981 when he talked of its significance for the US and the Western world at large and put accent on “the will and resolve of US to protect vital interests there”. Viewed in this perspective, it is not the “End Game” in Afghanistan. It is rather the start of a “New Game” and the entire region has much on stake. Thus, rather than a War on Terror, it should be termed as a Terror of War. Terror of war and a response thereof are interconnected in all dimensions. Preparation for war leads to the better strategy that ultimately results in the victory. Formulation of strategy requires priorities. The best strategy, as Sun Tzu says, is to attack the enemy’s strategy. This is but a simple way to describe the warfare. Pax Americana – a global hegemony exercised by Americans, the term used to indicate the military and economic position of the US in relation to other nations requires enough resources to corroborate its global leadership syndrome. The world is al-

ready pluralized. The awakening of China, integration of Europe and revival of Russia make things difficult to support her supremacy therefore formulization of global strategy for supremacy in view of the emerging realities is always a top priority for the US. Inter alia, economic globalization today dominates strategic considerations. A successful economic development strategy focuses on making available the resources to compete and lead in today’s global economic structure. This has led to enhanced maritime security concerns as some 95% trade in the world is sea-borne. Asia-Pacific region is emerging as the theatre of growing US-China competition as China is asserting its claim over the South China and East China seas. China new strategy is to claim South China Sea as her “inviolable sovereignty” and to deflect the leaders of this region from “Dollar Diplomacy.” The Americans on the other hand have understood that China’s aggressive economic policies threaten to take over from the US the title of world’s leading economy. The US is now using both coercive and persuasive techniques in order to create a balance of power in this region, besides helping India to rise against China. The US has many good reasons to see India as a maritime strategic partner. The US has vital interest in a balance of power in Asia within the bounds of the US agenda. An old saying ‘the sea unites while the land divides’

well explained the US-India relationship. The US new strategic priorities are to develop long term maritime strategic partnership with India. Inside story is to contain the expanding Chinese influence not

In case of Pakistan, there is a need to formulate the foreign policy including the nature of relationship with the post-US Afghanistan and the post-Afghanistan US. All stakeholders need to play a role in such an endeavour. If we fail to take stock of the situation today, it may lead us to another sea of troubled waters in post-2014 SouthCentral Asia. only in South China Sea but also in Indian Ocean. This poses great security challenge to Pakistan when viewed in the Indian hegemonic perspective. Regarding Afghanistan, the role of India is already highlighted as the ‘economic linchpin’ after the withdrawal

of American troops. Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia Robert Blake stated that “any discussion of South Asia has to start with India.” A new ‘Great Game’ is ready to be implemented just after the withdrawal of US led forces from Afghanistan with a new name of ‘New Silk Road Strategy.’ Rather than pulling out, the US is actually strengthening its feet and roots in Asia. The game is on TAPI vs. IP (TurkmenistanAfghanistan-Pakistan-India Gas Pipeline Project versus Iran-Pakistan Gas Pipeline Project). India may better take a lesson. The US has a history of allying with the weaker nation to fulfill its own agenda of balance of power in a given region and later to abandon the allies. Pakistan, too, is a victim of the same US strategy. Pakistanis has a good experience of dealing with the US as an ‘ally’ and can thus opine better. The US may give some role to India in Afghanistan, which would be apparently lucrative but may become a strategic quagmire for India in the long run. In case of Pakistan, there is a need to formulate the foreign policy including the nature of relationship with the post-US Afghanistan and the post-Afghanistan US. All stakeholders need to play a role in such an endeavour. If we fail to take stock of the situation today, it may lead us to another sea of troubled waters in the post-2014 South-Central Asia.

Views From Abroad

Chasing shadows in Afghanistan Neil Berry


he first rule of politics, accord ing to the former British Con servative Prime Minister, Harold Macmillan, was: “Don’t invade Afghanistan.” It was a rule born of wit but also of wisdom. Wounded in the World War I and bitterly aware of the cost of combat, Macmillan, who fell from power 50 years ago this year, would be aghast at the cavalier fashion in which Labour prime minister Tony Blair led Britain to war in both Afghanistan and Iraq. Certainly, there is little appetite among the British public for fresh foreign entanglements of any kind. There would be less still if greater understanding existed of precisely what the British military has achieved, or rather signally failed to achieve, since 2001 when the UK joined the US and other NATO forces in a mission grandiosely named “Operation Enduring Freedom,” pledged to eradicate Al-Qaeda training camps in Af-

ghanistan and topple the Taleban regime that hosted them. In his rigorously well-documented new book, Investment in Blood: The True Cost of Britain’s Afghan War, Frank Ledwidge throws a flood of shaming light on Britain’s part in what has been a monumental act of Western folly. The work of former British naval reserve intelligence officer with experience of Afghanistan and Iraq, the book portrays a British governing elite with a penchant for espousing wrongheaded objectives and indicts politicians and generals alike for launching rash military ventures and justifying them in specious terms. The pious platitudes of British politicians mask the cynicism and poverty of motive from which the Afghan operation sprang. The truth is that Tony Blair sent British soldiers into Afghanistan and Iraq to prove his country’s fealty to the United States, to demonstrate to the world that Britain enjoyed a uniquely special relationship with the nation that in 2001 was projecting itself as an unchallengeable military titan. But this shallow-minded

British leader and his so-called “sofa government” were acting with fatal impetuosity, unwilling or unable to grasp that they were embracing openended commitments likely to place crippling pressures on the British Army’s resources. At the outset of the deployment in 2006, Britain’s the then Secretary for Defense, John Reid, appeared optimistic that the British Army could accomplish its Helmand mission “without a shot being fired.” Two years later, British soldiers had fired 4 million bullets. Ledwidge records that 542 non-combatants have been killed in Helmand by British and NATO forces, with countless more victims of life-changing injuries. Yet if Reid nursed absurdly inflated expectations, he has felt no obligation to revisit the issue, nor has he ever been called to account over what proved to be careless talk. On the contrary, “Dr. Reid” went on to become chairman of the Institute of Security and Resilience Studies at London University and continues to be much in evidence as a commentator on matters of national security. In

a television interview the other day, he registered satisfaction that the UK has achieved its Afghan objectives, with Al-Qaeda routed and the Taleban declaring its determination to prevent others using Afghanistan to threaten Western security. The reality is that the threat posed by Afghanistan as a base for Al-Qaeda was speedily dealt with in 2001 and that ever since the West has been embroiled in a neo-colonial enterprise, sponsoring the client government of Afghan President Hamid Karzai and orchestrating more or less efficacious development programs while fighting a Taleban insurgency that has had no real bearing on Western security. Al-Qaeda, meanwhile, remains at large in Pakistan’s tribal areas, indiscriminate US drone attacks notwithstanding. The message of Frank Ledwidge’s unforgivingly candid book is that in Afghanistan, at catastrophic cost in lives and resources, the UK has been helping the US to chase shadows. —Courtesy Arab News

Voice of the People Article-6 haunts Musharraf MALIK TARIQ ALI Former military dictator Musharraf would have done the institution of army, this country and its elected government a favour, if he had listened to good advice not to come back to Pakistan. Unfortunately this tin pot dictator seems to be living in a fool’s paradise, for he thought that people of Pakistan would welcome him back, not knowing that his illegitimate tenure was the worst of all military dictators. He chose to defy the constitution and writ of law by coming back and challenging the majesty of the Constitution of Pakistan, a document by virtue of which, every institution of the state derives its moral and legal authority to wield power within confines of law. It is strange that paid and unpaid apologists of Musharraf, few anchors, NRO beneficiaries, and the Land Mafia that gained from his unconstitutional rule, would like the constitution to be trampled by this man, who in his arrogance lacks basic common sense and logic. This was the trigger happy man, whose irrational antics have led to an insurgency in Balochistan, following unjustified brutal murder of an aged Baloch leader, Akbar Bugti, who all his life supported the federation. Pakistan today suffers a total breakdown of law and order, economic collapse, energy starvation and massive unrest, because instead of governance of laws, the state became slave to whims of individuals, some in uniform, others willing to serve the devil if the price is right. Musharraf who owns a huge hedge fund in Dubai, numerous villas and penthouses all over the world, would like us to believe that he is God’s gift to Pakistan, instead of an ugly sore and a cancer that came back to defy the constitution, the state and Quaid’s vision of a democratic welfare state, where the constitution was supreme. He has virtually forced the PM and SC to rein him in, under Article-6. —Lahore

Entrepreneurship in Pakistan MAHA AMER Entrepreneurship is all about undertaking risk and bearing risk. Innovation requires entrepreneurs to take calculated risks and with the help of this it is important to achieve economic growth in Pakistan. The nationalization period in Pakistan has affected innovation adversely and in subsequent years very little of it could place because the planning system has been unable to understand it. As a result, the entire essence and the spirit of innovation were strangled. Without the required educated and skilled workforce, Pakistan cannot attain innovation threshold and economic growth. It is not just a matter of insufficient resources or ill-conceived policies but more of an unsupported culture. Excessive government interventions have directed investment towards rent seeking rather than innovation. An examination of the Karachi Stock Exchange shows an insignificant number of listed entrepreneurship and in this age, Government enterprise remain among the largest listed companies. It is no wonder that Pakistan’s investment rate is low. Actually answer to these problems is not more regulations but deregulations. Government cannot produce entrepreneurs but provide a regulatory and policy framework. Not all the responsibility for economic success lies with changes in the Government, A change of business attitude is also needed for recognition that changes are expected and reliance on Government is minimal. Businesses must satisfy consumer preferences. There is a need of promoting youth entrepreneurship and self-employment is the key to deliver for young people as far as their livelihood is concerned. Rather than jumping onto country-wide innovation/entrepreneurship reform, such an exercise should be launched as pilot project. Students from Lums, IBA, LSE, University of the Punjab are very capable. We need to utilize their potential. It’s the time to invest on them to take Pakistan towards success. —Via email

Desperate for rain SAAD UDDIN KHAN A bird that is never being highlighted is “The Chataka Bird”. This noisy bird is famous in Indian ancient scriptures as ‘Chatak’. They say it waits for rains to fulfil its thirst. Because of their migration during monsoon they are considered as a

Democratisation of society HASHIM ABRO


t is an undeniable fact that ruling elite and the State institutions have not shown an iota of concrete commitment to the continuing democratization of society in Pakistan. That’s why; democracy is still a form of government but not a way of life in Pakistan. In this perspective, the challenge is to increase the participation of all groups in a representative and jealously safeguarded ordering of public life. It requires a constant improvement of the quality of education at all levels, especially, in the rural Pakistan, which will enable more and more people to play a responsible role in the socioeconomic, and cultural development of the country. It also entails the promotion of a clearer consciousness of human rights and human dignity. Dialogue and negotiation must replace conflict in the resolution of tensions and deadlocks. Until and unless there is no democratization of society in Pakistan we will not be in a position to take Pakistan to new horizons of peace, progress and prosperity. —Islamabad sign of rain. The Chataka is the Pied Crested Cuckoo bird. The poets describe it as being unable to drink water found on earth. It can only directly drink rainwater as it drops from the skies. It is a migratory bird that appears only in the rainy season. It has a shrill voice similar in pitch to the cuckoo. The chataka pleads with the clouds to bring in rain so that its thirst can be quenched. A bird smaller than the dove, it is described as having a long tail and is coloured black, yellow and white. It has a long crest on its head shaped like a bow with an arrow stretched tight on it that actually prevents it from drinking from the earth as this crest comes in the way. References to this bird are made in Kalidasa and Adi Shankaracharya. The chatakas and chakoras depend on natural resources — rainwater and moonlight. This is symbolic of the necessity to preserve nature in all its beauty and glory and make it an essential reason for our being. It is a lesson not to destroy, exploit and denude creation’s gifts to mankind. —Karachi

Rely on your own sources CHANGEZI SANDHU Pakistan is one of those countries who are full with natural resources. Most of the countries are making progress by leaps and bounds due to utilizing them but Unfortunately, the former governments of Pakistan couldn’t utilize them due to corruption, lack of sincerity and technical higher education. Our most of the governments depended on I.M.F loans to meet national needs. According to Ishaq Dar, the former governments have gotten the loan of 14 billion. The main reason of our economy crisis is to depend on loans. Our economy is vulnerable due to lack of economic reforms and heavy burden of loans. We are expecting, our new government will rely on its own resources. They will decrease the burden of loans by economic reforms, effective policies and good teamwork. I hope they will not put burden on our economy by taking loan. In a story ‘’China’s way to Progress’’, its writer Galeazzo Santini says, China has been making great strides for some decades by adopting their leader Mao’s saying, ‘’Rely on your own sources’’. So our government should rely on its own resources. It should stabilize economy by utilizing our national resources and concentrating on higher education. —Islamabad

NTS: Legality and utility? HASHIM ABRO It is attributed to Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States of America, who once said, “You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time” but this can be summarized and rephrased like this in our Pakistani society, “You can not fool some of the people all of the time but you can fool all the people in Pakistan all of the time.” Nowadays NTS tests have become talk of the town. Let it be the admission to any educational institution or employment in any public sector organization, one must have to pass the so-called NTS test. Whenever I reflect on this growing talent and creativity-killing trend of NTS tests, it agitates my mind and I often ask one question from myself. It is a general perception that ours is not a thinking nation but it is a good omen that nowadays a few thinking minds and intellectuals have started posing and discussing the following few questions about the NTS syndrome. The questions include: I) What is the legal validity of the National Testing Services? OR under what law this NTS is working? II) Are the NTS tests not in flagrant violation of the guidance enshrined in the ESTACODE for employment in the government from BPS- 1 to 16 and from BPS-17 to 22? III) If we have to totally rely on this NTS then what

is the utility of the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC), Provincial Public Service Commissions, why to waste huge national exchequer on the salaries, perks and privileges of highly experienced bureaucrats, interalia? IV) If our PhD, LLM, MPhil and other degree holders are not able to conduct the admission tests and they have to depend on this private sector entity, then, why to make investment for such high degree holders and why not shut varsities? V) Why should one believe that the NTS management is an unbiased and independent and the senior government employees of the public sector are not credible, competent and fair to conduct the tests and interviews for recruitment and admissions in different varsities? I have logically concluded that the NTS tests produce crammers and parrots, but not eligible in respective fields and the existence and working of the NTS can be summarized by the maxim: an unjust law is not a true law. However, I appeal to the Honorable Chief Justice of Pakistan to take notice of this talent –insulting and creativity- killing trend that have psychologically injured countless God – gifted students and youth talent of the nation and minted billions, not hyperbolic to say, trillions of rupees from this nation. —Islamabad

Attack on Pakistan MUKHTAR AHMED BUTT The news “Nine killed, SHC Judge Baqar Baqar among 15 injured”(Jun 27) shook the city with sorrow and anger on this tragic incident that took place in red zone and heavily guarded area due to location of sensitive institutions, the Sindh High Court, Sindh Assembly, Sindh Secretariat, Income Tax Building etc. After the murder of MPA Sajid Qureshi and his son it was hoped that security agencies would exercise more vigil especially on key personnel but all their security measures fell flat when the entourage of Justice Baqar was attacked. There is no doubt that adequate security cover was in place, but the area was vulnerable. So far no CCTV footage has been shown; sources disclosed that this area was without CCTV cameras. Is it not strange? A high red zone area with highly sensitive organisations without CCTV cameras shows complete negligence on the part of various functionaries and needs to be probed. After each incident as per SOP (standing operating procedure) various state functionaries starting from President, PM, Heads of political parties, governors, chief ministers start pouring in statements condemning the incident and offering condolences to the bereaved families and get ready for the action replay, and the duty ends. So far our law enforcement agencies have not been able to apprehend these terrorist, and this state of affairs is continuously worsening. These people do not arrive in special plane to carry out these heinous crimes but are living amongst us. The point to understand is that government has not taken the issue seriously nor has shown any resolve to tackle this situation. Karachi is economic hub of the country. If it remains disturbed it will have far reaching consequences. We have to seek permanent lasting solution instead of taking short term measures. There is only one solution to this problem and no other measure shall prove productive. Impose curfew in Karachi and start house to house search and this should continue till the last house is searched. To ensure success of this operation representatives of all political parties should remain with the LEA during the search operation. —Karachi

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Poverty, maladministration From Page 1 of oil and iron gas. These minerals have not been fully explored and utilized. The result is that the majority of people of Balochistan live a miserable life, deprived of amenities of life. He said, the people of Balochistan suffer worst type of deprivation and they are vulnerable to the antiPakistan propaganda and nefarious activities of certain elements trying to harm Pakistan and its Islamic basis. When asked about recent attack by anti-Pakistan elements on Quaid Residency at Ziarat, the general said, those who targeted the Ziarat Residency are the same elements who are engaged in activities against the solidarity and ideological moorings of the country. These are the elements who have been receiving training in an enemy country and receiving funds from outside. Such elements are a tiny minority while the bulk of Balochistan people are patriots who believe in the ideology of Pakistan. Lt. Gen (Retd) Hamid Gul said, there should be massive effort for development of Balochistan and steps should be taken to provide employment to the youths of the province. There should be crash training programmes in various skills and the skilled young people from Balochistan should not only be recruited for development projects of the province but they should also be facilitated to find jobs in foreign countries. He said, the new provincial government in Balochistan, headed by Dr. Abdul Malik, is in a position to start a new chapter of history in the Province on the basis of understanding among all sections of the Balochistan people. “There is urgent need to streamline administration in Balochistan”, he said. The General said, Baloch are honourable people inheriting centuries-old tradition of honour. He regretted that governments in the past did not treat Baloch people with due respect. “These governments repeatedly hurt Baloch sense of honour and climax came with what happened to Nawab Akbar Bugti,” he said. He said, Gwadar port could be linked with national road network as well as with also Central Asia and China. Gwadar alone has the potential to bring prosperity to the province and it can serve as a great commercial centre of the whole region. “The need is to take urgent measures to make this port functional in the real sense”, he said.

Cameron From Page 1 Afghan reconciliation process. Both the leaders will also discuss ways to further expand Pak-UK bilateral cooperation in various fields. David Cameron will call on President Asif Ali Zardari. British Prime Minister will also meet business leaders and discuss new avenues of bilateral cooperation for enhancing trade and investment. He will also have interaction with young students and discuss various regional and international issues with them.—Online

Nawaz embarks From Page 1 in converting furnace-based power production units to coal. Besides interaction with Chinese leadership, Nawaz Sharif has a long list of engagements with leaders of Chinese financial and industrial world. His visits to major industrial concerns and Special Economic Zones are part of his crucial trip. At present, 120 Chinese companies are working in Pakistan, trade volume has crossed figure of $ 12 billion and investment in 2012 was recorded at $ 2 billion. Due to complete understanding about their common enemies, Beijing and Pakistan have never allowed terror strikes on Chinese nationals in Pakistan to impede their ever growing strategic relationship. The traditionally close, cordial, cooperative and friendly ties between Pakistan and China are based on shared principles and mutual interests entailing cooperation in diverse fields. Economic cooperation between Pakistan and China has expanded significantly in recent years. Under a comprehensive framework Pakistan and China have bilateral economic cooperation in the form of Joint Economic Commission, Economic Cooperation Group, Joint Energy Working Group and a Joint Investment Company, besides several other mechanisms. A Free Trade Agreement as well is operational since 2008, covering trade in goods, investment and services.

Talks to resume after Pak From Page 1 able travel of more people across the border is to be implemented. We can move forward one step at a time,” he said. Khurshid said the composite dialogue with Pakistan made good progress and was successful, but some “unfortunate incidents” dealt a setback to the process. “Talks with Pakistan had progressed a long way and were successful. The composite dialogue that we had started had made good progress. Unfortunately, some incidents took place which became a setback to our efforts and under compulsion, the process stopped,” he added. The Minister said the government has positively viewed the statements made by Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif about relations with India during his election campaign, which he reiterated after assuming office. “Elections have taken place there under a democratic system and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, during his election cam-

paign gave statements and hints, and reiterated them after assuming office. We seen them in positive light and we have responded accordingly,” he said. On the fallout of the U.S. withdrawal next year from Afghanistan on India, Mr. Khurshid said Washington has assured assured that the talks with Taliban will stay within the “red lines” drawn for the purpose. “When (U.S. Secretary of State John) Kerry was in New Delhi, he told us that as far as our reservations are concerned, no step will be taken that will harm our interests. Red lines have been drawn and we agree with them. Those (Taliban) who come to talk will believe in the constitution, they will down their arms and snap ties with alQaeda, if they have any. “If they remain within these lines — the U.S. has time and again said they will — we think the talks can progress. The basic

thing which we have all agreed upon is that the talks should remain in control of Afghanistan as it is their internal matter,” he added. Salman Khurshid said the government has had detailed discussion with the U.S. and Afghan President Hamid Karzai on the issue of talks with Taliban. “We have had a detailed discussion with the U.S. on the issue. We also talked about it with Mr. Karzai when he was here. We have spoken to other countries as well, like Saudi Arabia and the U.K. “Right now, nobody knows whether the talks (between the US and Taliban) will succeed. Even the US has not expressed confidence that these talks will move forward. It is an attempt,” he said. Khurshid said some things happened during the inaugurating of the Taliban office in Qatar, which were not liked by some people. “We are (now) told these have been rectified,” he said.—NNI

Shah warns govt against using From Page 1 der pressure. In an informal conversation with reporters outside the Parliament House in Islamabad, the senior Pakistan People’s Party leader said that he was immensely disappointed by the formation of a two-member committee by the government to probe the Swiss cases against President Zardari. Shah hinted that using the Swiss cases as pressure tactics to “choke the PPP” may result in “dangerous” consequences. He said that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has himself accepted not once but several times in his television interviews that the cases against Asif Ali Zardari were created by him but by

former chairman of the Ehtesab Bureau Saifur Rehman under pressure. The senior PPP leader said that over the past 17 years, Pakistan had spent millions of rupees on the Swiss cases, but no evidence was revealed to incriminate Asif Ali Zardari. He said that the judiciary should act in such a manner that justice is served to everyone, and that only one political party does not have to bear the brunt of the court’s ire. He said that the ruling Pakistan Muslim League-N should now decide how to implement the verdict of the Asghar Khan case. The opposition leader said that no formal consultations had

been held over the name of the National Accountability Bureau chairman, and that he had only had an informal conversation with Finance Minister Ishaq Dar over the topic. Shah said he was of the view that Article 6, which speaks of treason, should be applied on all those who subverted the Constitution since October 12, 1999. However, he feared that it may be difficult to prove the treason charges on former military dictator General (Retd) Pervez Musharraf. “Will it really be possible to prove in court that Musharraf’s actions fall under the ambit of Article 6 of the Constitution?”

SC summons ex-PM in discretionary From Page 1 ruption. Law does not favor any one and it makes no distinction between rich and poor. Nothing is known about the schemes and money was distributed lavishly. Former Prime Minister (PM) included passers by in his charity. Had it been known to us we would have sent some persons. Releasing funds on the basis of acquaintance is discriminatory treatment. Persons who were favored in several programs were favored again. Senators and public representatives reaped their share generously. Wherever we touch, springs of corruption sprout. If fate of this country will never change and we continue to pursue one rut “, CJP remarked. Justice Ejaz Chaudhry remarked “ election commission was sleeping that government continued spending and providing billion of rupees to its candidates. This is deceit with democracy. Only one party was given benefit and loss was caused to all others. Money was provided to those who were to contest election and they even devoured the pension funds of

the poor people”. The concerned officers appeared before the court in the meantime. The CJP observed Khan Nawazish Khan spent the money in his respective constituency. Javed Malik Islamabad and Ghulam Murtaza Satti spent 30 million rupees. Justice Ejaz remarked this all was done on March, 13. CJP remarked “ tell us some standard, we will see its legal position. Law is enacted for such works. What course they are treading. Prime Minister order should not come. Justice Ejaz remarked “two XENs defied court’s orders. Case be sent to FIA. All wrong is done on one telephone call. If government does not want to save national wealth then you people should separate from it. CJP remarked “ we send the case to FIA and if its is proved then action will be initiated against all. Justice Ejaz observed” corruption amounting to Rs 43 billion was committed in EOBI. They devoured the pension funds of the poor people. The court ruled “ notice is

issued to former Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf. As far as other persons are concerned they will be seen on next hearing. Notices be issued to all these people and copy of the decision be sent to them. Notice be also issued to Auditor General Pakistan office. Court will issue orders in respect of those members of assembly who took advantage of prime minister discretionary funds, obtained money and spent it. Prior to it they and notables will be heard. No amount will be released under Peoples Works Program No 2 in the meantime. Attorney General should make complete review of the whole matter in terms of its back ground and file reply with court within two weeks. The court while seeking explanation from former prime minister Raja Pervez Ashraf summoned him on July, 16. Notices were also issued to all the members of parliament and notables who obtained funds . The hearing of the case was adjourned till July, 16.—Online

Kashmir: Pugwash 11 points 4) Improve drastically the circulation of goods across the LOC, allow joint investments, render the currencies exchangeable, devise proper tax exemption schemes for joint business initiatives; take profit of the MFN status between India and Pakistan; 5) Promote cooperation and agreements on the issue of availability of water and the management of the natural resources; 6) Promote cooperation among political institutions, such as [consultative] joint meetings of state assemblies, consultations between stakeholders of AJK and of JK, etc.; 7) Push for a progressive dedemilitarization of the region on both sides of the LOC; 8) Promote cooperation among the judicial structures across the LOC. Develop cooperation among the military and the intelligence structures, while respecting the individual rights of all citizens, including the right to have a pass-

From Back Page port and to move freely in the entire region; 9) As the season of violence across the LOC appears to be less relevant than in the past, engage all former militants who would like to go back to political activity and establish, in an unequivocal manner, an environment where confrontation is addressed in political terms and not by violent means; 10) Solve in a dignified way the issue of Siachen, stressing the respect for human lives and the environment; 11) Deal with the issues of religious differences in the same spirit of tolerance and reciprocal respect that is taught by the Holy Quran, by the Vedas, the Tripitaka, the Guru Granth Sahib, and the Gospels. It is a judgmental opportunity for Pakistani and Kashmiri panels around the conference table to have a pre-studied intellectual exercise. Sometimes opportunities slip away unnoticeably, and to be frank we have lost many

occasion of our favor in the past. In this connection I would refer to a secret Kashmir Pact between the United States and Pakistan in around 1951; I had read it on my Kashmir House Islamabad computer with a marginal leak-out: USA had promised to give whole of Jammu and Kashmir to Pakistan in bargaining that aimed at Pakistan to persuade Iran to hand over oil fields to the United States and like that. Now at this very moment I tried to locate in the computer the same reference to the Pact, but I could not; perhaps it has been removed. Nations live on the success strength of opportunities used at proper times. Pugwash has now opened its chapter on Kashmir. The passage of time has render the Kashmir issue somewhat complex. In early days there was no Siachen, Wullar, Kanjarwarah (occupied by India in upper Neelum valley) dam and many more.

Malik seeks PM’s advice on cabinet expansion maintained that when the present government stood fast to have corruption free cabinet why the differences. Parties are vying for the lucrative departments, political analysts said. Under the constitution the size of the cabinet shall not increase beyond fourteen ministers and five advisors. Still PML-N provincial leadership claim lion’s share in the cabinet

From Back Page leaving little room for equitable share of the other two coalition partners. Dr Malik is keen for the early expansion of the cabinet so that government could launch people oriented development programme under the new budget. At present there are one provincial minister from each of the three coalition partners beside the chief min-

ister. The political observers maintained that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif would certainly put an end to the existing deadlock by bringing some discipline in PML-N and also softening the attitude of the other two partners for amicable solution and active cooperation among the coalition partners for the good law and order and rapid economic uplift of the province.

Prayers From Page 1

3 extortionists arrested from Islamabad

said Mandela’s condition improved overnight and is now “stable” while still critical. The statement followed a visit by President Zuma — his second in the past 24 hours — to the anti-apartheid hero in a Pretoria hospital, where he is being treated for a lung infection. “He is much better today than he was when I saw him last night. The medical team continues to do a sterling job,” Zuma said in a statement released by his office. US President Barack Obama said Nelson Mandela was a “hero for the world” whose legacy would live on throughout the ages. “He is a personal hero. I think he is a hero for the world, and if and when he passes from this place, one thing I think we all know is that his legacy is one that will linger on throughout the ages,” Obama said in Senegal.—Agencies

ISLAMABAD—Crime Investigation Agency (CIA) of Islamabad police has arrested three persons involved in extortion activities. They are being suspected as activists of Taliban, police said. CIA Islamabad received information that a group of outlaws, claiming to be affiliated with TTP was carrying out extortion activities in Rawalpindi/ Islamabad and KP in order to arrange finances. It was also learnt that threat letters on TTP letterhead were being sent and phone calls from Waziristan were being made to

PM to announce

OSLO—President of Kashmir

From Page 1 cies were pursued to come out of this morass.The Prime Minister expressed these views while chairing a meeting to give final touches to the New Power Policy at the Prime Minister’s Office on Friday. The meeting not only discussed the broad contours of new energy policy but also analyzed the power crisis threadbare. The meeting decided that the new power policy would be announced shortly by the Prime Minister. Those who attended the meeting included Mr Muhammad Ishaq Dar Minister for Finance, Mr Pervez Rashid Minister Information & Broadcasting, Mr Shahid Khaqan Abbasi Minister for Petroleum, Khawaja Muhammad Asif Minister for Water & Water, Mr Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif, Chief Minister Punjab, Dr Musaddiq Malik SAPM, Mr Shaukat Fayaz A Tarin and other stakeholders from private and public sectors

various individuals by this group. On this information, Islamabad police launched a special operation to trace and arrest these outlaws. Latest techniques of Geo fencing and digital data analysis were employed for this purpose and after hectic efforts, backed by meticulous technical backup, Islamabad police arrested Malik Aalam Khan Wazir, resident of Razmak, North Waziristan. He is being told as the leader and mastermind involved in the heinous offence in Margall police area. He was doing business

as a contractor in Murree/ Islamabad area while other associates, Tahir and Mukammal Shah, were also arrested. The group had threatened various factory owners in KPK, hotel owners in Murree and had chalked out plans to extort money from business community of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Police has recovered three pistols and a list from their possession too. Further investigation is underway from them and police is hopeful to get further important information from them.—NNI

Delhi does not understand Kashmiris sentiments: KEA OBSERVER REPORT European Alliance Sardar Pervez Mehmood has said in a press statement that Delhi does not understand aspirations and sentiments of the people of Jammu and Kashmir. Sardar Pervez reacted to the statement of UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi Wednesday’s statement when she said that New Delhi

understood sentiments of the people of Jammu and Kashmir and democracy in India offered solution to all problems. Sardar Pervez Mehmood has said that India either does not understand or pretends to misunderstand the wishes and aspirations of the people in Jammu & Kashmir. People of Jammu & Kashmir seek right of self determination to decide their destiny. People of Jammu

& Kashmir are striving hard to get rid of Indian slavery. Economic packages are not an alternative to right of self determination, he said. Eight Indian troops were killed by freedom fighters just before the arrival of Indian Prime Minister in Srinagar and that was a clear message to Manmohan Singh and Sonia Gandhi that they are not welcome to Kashmir.

UN aid bodies in Jalozai From Page 1

enclave housing hundreds of thousands of Afghan refugees during occupation of Afghanistan first by the Russia and then America, it may be recalled, is also the biggest venue accommodating tens of thousands of locally displaced persons who were rendered homeless either by the militancy and infightings in the tribal belt or the natural calamities. “Foreign and local humanitarian aid bodies and Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have closed down their offices at the Jalozai IDP camp in Noshehra district of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa province on Friday after security agencies alerted From Page 1 them to a potential terrorist attack threat”. Officials confirmed. approved Ramadan Package A deadly explosion in the worth Rs.2 billion. He said that Khyber agency IDPs camp in essential items including flour, ghee, oil gram pulse, basin, dates, rice, sugar, pulses and other such items would be available at all From Page 1 outlets of utility stores on reduced rates. by IMF.Meanwhile, the govern“Ten per cent to 30 % conment on Friday paid $260 milcession would be provided on these products as compared to the lion to the International Monetary market prices,” he added. Mean- Fund as a part of loan repayment. while, the finance minister also The fresh payment was made to laid before the parliament the pa- return money Pakistan borrowed pers of schedule of authorized under a bailout package signed expenditure 2013-14, supplemen- in November 2008. The last IMF tary schedule of authorized expen- repayment of $391 million was diture 2012-13 and also laid ex- made at the end of May. Heavy debt repayments to cess schedule of Authorized Exthe IMF have been putting a dent penditure 1990-91, 1992-93, 1994,95, 1997-98 and 2001-02. in the central bank’s reserves, Meanwhile, The govern- which have declined by nearly ment has paid Rs200 billion to 20% in the current fiscal year, independent power producers putting pressure on the rupee. An (IPPS) in a bid to overcome cir- IMF mission is currently in Islamabad to review the county’s cular debt of Friday. The Nawaz Sharif govern- ability to pay back its money in ment had announced to end cir- addition to negotiating a fresh cular debt to overcome power bailout programme. crisis. The government was to pay Rs326 billion by June 30. Experts say electricity production will increase with the improvement of oil and gas supply to the power plants after the government pays dues to the IPPs STAFF REPORTER as part of its efforts to overcome loadshedding. The government is S INGAPORE —The King of likely to pay Rs60 to Rs70 bil- Fruits — Mangoes from Sindh, lion more to the IPPS shortly. Pakistan — arrived in Singapore for display and sampling, at four venues. The Sindh Board of Investment and Finance Department Government of Sindh in collaboration with Pakistan High Commission is organizing a Mango Festival in Singapore from 28 June to 1st July. The STAFF REPORTER Mango Mania 2013 started at different display and samISLAMABAD: Zulfiqar Ahmad four pling stalls. Cheema, Inspector General, NaHigh Commissioner for Pational Highways & Motorway kistan in Singapore, Syed Hasan Police, has asked the patrolling Javed and Chairman, Sindh Inofficers that helping the road us- vestment Board will inaugurate ers in distress is a real sacred job. the festival at Mustafa Centre and He advised patrolling officers to Usman Restaurant on Friday. The deal the road users with courtesy High Commissioner expressed and also warned that discourte- the hope that the event would ous officers would be punished. help introduce the Pakistani manHe said that honesty and goes in Singapore and will help courtesy is the identity of promote Pakistani exports in motorway police, therefore, al- Singapore. ways keep it up to strengthen the institution. He rewarded the patrolling officers on their good performance. SPO Ulfat Hussain and PO Ghulam Hussain were rewarded with 10,000 rupees and class-I commendation certificate, STAFF REPORTER as these officers reunited 2-year LAHORE—The Fourth Convocababy girl with their parents. IGP Zulfiqar Ahmad tion of Virtual University of PaCheema also rewarded SPO kistan will be held here on ThursSyed Baqir Shah and SPO Ashraf day July 4 for the graduating stuwith Rs.10,000 and class-I com- dents of central and southern mendation certificate for recov- Punjab. Degrees would be conering a stolen car alongwith ar- ferred upon about 3000 graduates resting a car lifter. Zulfiqar who have successfully completed Ahmad Cheema appreciated the their Bachelors and Masters performance of these officers and programme from the University. advised them to continue these Laptop, Gold medal and merit sacred helping work. SSP Nasir certificates will be awarded to Mehmood Satti was also present. outstanding graduates.

Circular debt

Pakistan refuses

Pakistan Mango Festival launched in Singapore

Honesty, courtesy identity of Motorway Police

Convocation of Virtual University

Jalozai Noshehra district in the third week of March, it may be recalled, had left at least 15 people including female and children dead and over three dozen other seriously wounded. The explosion had ripped through the IDPs camp some 25 kilometers from here, when a Non-Governmental Organization was distributing ration among the people displaced from Khyber agency in the wake of ongoing fighting between the Ansaar ul Islam and Lashker-e-Islam group as well military operation in the region. According to government officials, the offices were closed

down Friday morning due to threats of an attack targeting the aid organizations. Usman Khalid, the incharge at the Jalozai camp, confirmed that all offices, including those of the United Nation’s WFP, UNHCR, WHO, and all local civic and health providing NGOs were asked to be closed down due to the threat. The officials also said that all the offices will stay shut until further notice though the action is understood to cause big setback to the aid assistance activities in the camp where the dwellers are already confronting harsh living conditions.

Banned Butt apologizes for spot-fixing L AHORE —Former Pakistan cricket captain Salman Butt has for the first time publicly admitted to and apologized for spot-fixing, two years after he was found guilty of the offence. Butt, along with fast bowlers Mohammad Asif and Mohammad Aamer, was banned from the sport by the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 2011 after being found guilty of deliberately contriving no-balls in return for money during the Lord’s Test against England the previous year. The trio and their agent Mazhar Majeed were also jailed by an English court in 2011. The players were released last year. “I apologize to the nation and all the fans who have been hurt by the spot-fixing case,” Butt told a press conference in the eastern city of Lahore in his first public apology for the offence. Butt received a 10-year ban, with five years suspended, for his role in the

scam. Asif was barred for seven years, with two suspended, while Aamer got five years.

In April, Butt and Asif lost their appeals to the Swiss-based Court of Arbitration for Sport, and the ICC urged the players to accept their guilt and start rehabilitation. Aamer had not appealed after pleading guilty before the UK court in 2011. “I admit the ICC tribunal

decision and warn the future players to avoid the pitfalls of corruption because this is bad for the country and for the fans,” Butt, 28, said. He and Aamer have agreed to undergo rehabilitation through the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) and Butt’s public apology is seen as a step towards shortening the remaining period of suspension. Butt also appealed to the interim PCB chief Najam Sethi on Friday to reduce his ban and permit a return to domestic cricket, while indicating his ambition to play internationally in the future. “I request the interim chairman to request the ICC to reduce my and Asif ’s bans. I have two years ban left so if the ICC allows me to play domestic cricket then I will be ready for international matches once my ban ends. “I have enough cricket left in me and when my ban ends I am ready to play for the country again,” said ISLAMABAD: Former captain of Pakistan cricket team Director General PCB Javed Miandad and other notable sportspersons holding the 32nd Butt.—APP National Games torch during an impressive and colourful ceremony.

Brazil vs Spain: Best in world history L ONDON —And then there Wednesday evening. were two. The final game in the Confederations Cup on Sunday comes down to Spain, the best team in the world, against Brazil, the best in history, in the Maracanã, unquestionably one of the most evocative soccer stadiums on earth. Even if we separate the sport from the uprising in the streets, this World Cup rehearsal has been a tough tournament. And, as host nations invariably do in modern times, Brazil has made sure its most feared opponent took the long-

Then on Thursday, Italy switched its formation to three at the back, five in midfield, and not only did it deny Xavi Hernandez, Andrés Iniesta and company the freedom to express themselves, it was often Italy that sprang, and alas spurned, the greater scoring opportunities. On and on it went, this second semifinal. Italy’s game plan might well have broken the Spaniards’ world record run of 29 competitive matches without defeat. But Italy, with-

or, in this instance, simply unable to reach any of the first dozen kicks that were planted with remarkable consistency too high or too low to be saved. And then poor Leonardo Bonucci, a defender whose primary purpose is to keep the ball out of his net, had the misfortune to be 13th in line. His nerve failed, his aim was high and woeful and over the bar. After him, Jesús Navas stepped up with a forward’s aim to slot the ball low inside the post — game and semifinal to

years and counting, that Spain has lost a meaningful contest that it would be ludicrous to complain. Nevertheless, its journey to Sunday’s last game puts it at a disadvantage. Spain played its semifinal in Fortaleza, in the north of the country, a 2,200-kilometer, or 1,400-mile, flight to Rio de Janeiro, where the final is scheduled. Brazil’s match against Uruguay in Belo Horizonte was about a sixth of the distance away, and played 24 hours earlier, giving the host

‘Youngsters should be backed for better cricket’ ISLAMABAD—Former Captain

Inzamam-ul-Haq feels that young players like Umar Amin and Asad Shafiq should be backed and be given proper chance to improve batting side of Pakistan cricket. Talking to a private news channel, Inzamam-ul-Haq said that with the World Cup not too far away, Pakistan’s selectors must start making tough calls quickly if they want to avoid a repeat of the Champions Trophy debacle in future. To a question he said that young players should be given the full confidence and backing by coach and captain like I had with Imran Khan as skipper at the 1992 World Cup, and the youngsters will repay the faith shown in them. He said that his inclination before the Champions Trophy was that if the batsmen could give the bowlers some halfdecent scores of 220 or more, then the bowlers would do the rest but unfortunately the batting was an absolute BELO HORIZONTE: Brazil’s Neymar and Marcelo BRAZIL: Spain’s Sergio Ramos, front, and teammates dioppointment throughout the celebrate a goal by teammate Paulinho during their Sergio Busquets, left, Juan Mata, right, and Alvaro Arbeloa tournament.—APP Confederations Cup semi-final soccer match against , back, celebrate after defeating Italy in a penalty shootout Uruguay. during the soccer Confederations Cup semifinal. out the injured Mario Balotelli, the Spaniards. a full day extra to rest and reest and most tortuous road to ran out of steam in the equatoFrom that, we learned that cuperate. And time is of the the final. The semifinals — Brazil rial heat and humidity up in despite all it has won being essence, as everyone who world and European cham- plays in the real thing next year versus Uruguay, and Spain Fortaleza. The Italians wore black pion, Spain still has the deep will appreciate and learn. versus Italy — looked almost like exercises in organized ex- armbands, and most would desire to go all the way even Howard Webb, the English refhave known personally the in a hot climate in effectively a eree for the Spain vs. Italy haustion. Brazil’s winning goal came former national team player mere warmup for next year’s match, had shed three kilograms, or nearly seven KARACHI—Karachi Adminvery late, from the head of Stefano Borgonovo, who died World Cup. Brazilian fans jeered the pounds, in weight per game istration has given go ahead Paulinho following a corner earlier Thursday from motor kick in the final moments. The neuron disease at the age of Spanish on every field, which keeping up with the players. signal to Pakistan Cricket Weight loss and proper Board (PCB) for holding wily Uruguayan coach Óscar 49. But Italy gave everything, smacks of envy. When the Tabárez said he had listened the team running itself to a players’ rooms were entered scientific recovery is obvi- Ramadan Cup T20 Cricket some months ago to the Bra- standstill in a scoreless two and valuables stolen while ously part and parcel of a top Tournament being staged at zilian director of coaching, hours that, finally, had to be Spain played an earlier match, sportsman’s lot. The teams are National Stadium here from Carlos Alberto Parreira, lectur- settled by the excruciating the local media suggested that prepared for every eventual- July 6 to 25. the victims had made the whole ity, and, in Brazil’s case, this ing on how to frustrate the penalty shootout lottery. Commissioner Karachi Exhausted players step- thing up. The Spanish team rehearsal is the closest thing Shoaib Ahmed Siddiqui gave flow of Barcelona’s tika taka game by outnumbering its ping up one by one, holding under its experienced coach, to competitive circumstances the go ahead signal to a delpass masters in midfield. So nerve and sinew together for Vicente Del Bosque, is not that the players will experience egation of PCB which called Uruguay applied that pressure one last shot. Goalkeepers noted for seeking excuses. In- between now and their World on him in his office on Frito Brazil in Belo Horizonte on who could be hero or fall guy deed, it is so long now, three Cup.—AFP day. Delegation including Director Domestic Zakir Khan and Manager National Stadium Muhammad Arshad Khan. According to reports some teams and players have expressed their reservations over participation in the event because of law and order situation in the city. However, Commissioner assured the PCB delegation that all the concerned departments would be assisting them in the successful conduct of the event. Shoaib Siddiqui said all the security arrangements will be made for the holding of event in befitting, incident free and friendly environments. He said local administration will provide all cooperation in the holding of the event. Commissioner Karachi said to review the arrangements a ISLAMABAD: Sharat Sabharwal outgoing Indian High Commissioner arranged a farewell Golf tournament, at the meeting of the department Islamabad golf club. Ambassadors of Argentina, Turkey, Netherlands, Myanmar, Vietnam, Sri lanka and others will be held at National Stadium on July 2.—APP participated in the tournament.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir

Admin gives green signal for PCB Ramadan Cup T20

Set-back for Pak hockey as Rashid pulls a hamstring K ARACHI —Pakistan suf- will be fielded in the half line day. The green shirts will fered another set-back ahead of the World Hockey League when half back Rashid Mahmood pulled a hamstring muscle in the warm-up game against Germany. “It is big blow for us after veteran mid-fielder Waseem Ahmed was dropped due to dislocated shoulder”, manager-cum-chief coach Akhtar Rasool told APP from Ipoh on Friday where the 8-nation event opens on Saturday. Pakistan will take on host and tough Malaysian team in their opening match on Saturday. He said doctors are trying hard to make him fit but added Rashid Mahmood has been advised six days rest. “We may risk to field him in the quarter-finals to strengthen our half line.But it is wait and see situation because it depends on his recovery”, Olympian Akhtar Rasool a famous centre-half of yesteryears, said. He said now youngsters

in place of Waseem and Rashid. He said format of the event has been changed and teams first feature in the quarter-finals to make the last four grade. “Previously top two teams of each group were qualifying. Change has also toughened things for Pakistan”, he commented. Former Pakistan captain Akhtar Rasool keeping the situation in view said, he was expecting big contribution from the forwards like Shakeel Abbasi, Haseem Khan, Waqas Sharif, Shafqat Rasool, Muhammad Rizwan plus reasonable penalty corner conversion. Some days ago, Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) retained fullback Mohammad Imran as captain of the national team for the upcoming World Hockey League (WHL), a qualifying round for the 2014 World Cup, while naming the 18-member squad on Satur-

leave for Malaysia on Sunday to take part in the World Hockey League where England, South Africa and the host Malaysia are the other teams in their pool. The team was announced in Karachi after conclusion of the training camp at the Hockey Club of Pakistan. Seasoned campaigner Waseem Ahmed was a major omission from the team, mainly due to a shoulder injury. Waseem, who was part of the national training camp in Abbottabad, got injured in a road accident near Jehlum while coming back to Lahore after attending the camp. His absence was termed as a big loss to the national team by head coach Akhtar Rasool. “I am deeply disturbed by Waseem’s absence owing to an injury problem because he is a key player in the national side. We will miss him in Malaysia but we are praying for his early recovery,” Akhtar told Dawn from Karachi.—APP

Afghanistan granted ICC’s new Associate membership BIPIN DANI OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT M UMBAI —An ICC Associate Membership application from Afghanistan has been accepted by the International Cricket Council (ICC). This was revealed by Mohammad Nabi, the captain of the national team. Speaking from Kabul on Thursday evening, minutes after the decision was taken in ICC’s meeting in London, he said, “it

is a good and happy news for all of us. We are no more the affiliate member now. We have been playing ODIs’ and keen to play the Test matches. Hopefully, we will apply for the Test status post World Cup in 2015". “Be having the associate membership, we will get more fund from the ICC. It is a step forward. The additional fund will be utilised to improve the domestic cricket in our country”. “We hope to perform better and will draw more

recognition”, he added. Romania has been granted the affiliate membership on Thursday, it is also learnt. The announcement is likely to be made after the conclusion of ICC week in London. Sadly, there is no good news yet for the captain about his 60year-old father, who was kidnapped by gunmen in Kabul last month. “We are yet waiting for his return. Police is searching for the my father ’s kidnappers”, he signed off.

Evidence found against Sri Lanka’s two suspended umpires OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT MUMBAI—At least two out of three Sri Lankan umpires have been found guilty of accepting bribes from the Indian bookies, it is learnt here. According to the sources in Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC), no concrete evidence was found against Gamini Dissanayaka. However, the other two umpiresSagara Gallage and Maurice Winston de la Zilwa-were

found guilty of leaking information in the sting operation conducted by the India TV channel. “Maurice Winston de la Zilwa has accepted four out of eight charges”, the source added. “The charges accepted by him are to provide pitch information, weather report, taking on skype and disclosing the composition of team”, the source added. The probe was conducted by Sagara Kariyawasam, a renowned lawyer in Sri Lanka. “He has

submitted his report to the SLC board and the decision against these umpires will be taken in the Executive Committee meeting to be held soon”, the source further added. Gallage is reported to have accepted “most of the charges”, the source further added. “He is believed to have shown his bank account, where the sum of thousands of Indian rupees was transferred to his personal account”, the source added.

India, China hold border talks BEIJING—The 16th round of In-

Security of Faisal Raza Abdi withdrawn KARACHI—The government ISLAMABAD: CIA police showing arrested men, suspected as activists of Taliban, as they were involved in collecting has withdrawn security of Paki- extortion money from lawyers and business community, during a Press conference. (Story on Page 06) stan Peoples Party Senator Faisal Raza Abdi here on Friday. Talking on the issue of security threats, Senator Faisal Raza Abdi expressed his reservations and said that at present taking KARACHI—The price of gold back security by the government went down by Rs1,000 per tola means pushing us in the hands on Friday making it worth of banned organizations. He Rs46,550 per tola. strongly condemned the governThe price of 10 gram gold ments this inhuman act by withwent down Rs857, making it drawing security.—Online Rs39,900 per ten gram.—APP ISLAMABAD—Minister for In- fresh arms licences and only ments. The minister was inand Narcotics Control those cases would be processed formed that CDA and ICT adRangers kill gangster terior Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan on whose fee had been deposited ministration had set up joint teams to check food adulteraK A R A C H I —The Pakistan Friday reiterated that the gov- before June 20, 2013. He directed CDA and Chief tion. One bakery and a fake minRangers Sindh on Friday ernment was committed to enkilled a notorious gangster suring a culture of honesty and Commissioner Islamabad to en- eral water factory in the city had Saqib Boxer during a shootout hard work in all the attached sure removal of encroachments recently been seized while a in restive Lyari neighborhood departments and directed to set from Islamabad after forewarn- godown of adulterated spices of the metropolis. The para- up a hotline for public com- ing the residents, improvement sealed. He noted with satisfacmilitary force launched an plaints. The minister was chair- of roads, removal of profes- tion that action had been taken operation in Nayabad area of ing a meeting of attached depart- sional beggars and uplift of all against four drug stores selling expired and misbranded mediLyari where they faced armed ments of the Interior Ministry major parks. The minister said non-reg- cines. resistance from the gangsters. here. Ch Nisar directed the Rangers’ officials said that an Chaudhry Nisar said all the istered vehicles within the Fedaccused Saqib Boxer, wanted ministry officials were prohib- eral Capital should be totally Islamabad police to complete for his involvement in gang- ited from keeping linkages with prohibited and emphasized that the registration of domestic serland crimes, was killed in a foreigners unless with prior of- traffic rules strictly followed on vants and Katchi Abadis in the shootout. They said that Saqib ficial approval. He put a ban on the roads of Islamabad starting Capital and adjoining areas. He said the computerization was also involved in the kill- foreign tours by the ministry with the three model roads - Airing of three people including officials for the next six months port Expressway, Jinnah Avenue of police stations as well as revand Murree Road. enue record within the city be a woman in Kharadar area of unless highly obligatory. He also asked the ICT to completed in minimum possible the city on Friday.—INP The minister said there would be zero tolerance on open embark upon a massive drive time.The minister directed for display of arms within the against food and drug adultera- putting up feasibility for setting up e-toll system at major entry Capital Territory tion with media support. No need for governor Islamabad He said only officers with and exit points in Islamabad to (ICT). rule: Ishrat He said a ban had already good reputation be posted in the facilitate the commuting resiKARACHI—Sindh Governor Dr been imposed on issuance of ministry and its attached depart- dents of the twin cities.—APP Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan Friday said that terrorism is not only the problem of Karachi but of the whole country. While inaugurating the Urs of Sufi saint Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar in Sehwan Sharif, he said that there is no need to impose governor rule in Sindh. He appealed to the pilgrims to offer special prayers I SLAMABAD —The Govern- ter of States and Frontier Re- Proof of Registration (PoR) for peace in the city and in the ments of the Islamic Republic gions (SAFRON), Lt. Gen. (Re- cards and the Tripartite Agreecountry.—INP of Afghanistan, Pakistan and the tired) Abdul Qadir Baloch, reit- ment governing voluntary return UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) erated the country’s commit- of refugees.The Pakistani delon Friday in Kabul agreed to ment to continue adhering to its egation informed the meeting India holds 12 enhance their efforts and col- traditional hospitality when for- about proposals for the extenPakistani fishermen laborate in finding solutions for mulating a new policy for Af- sion of the stay of Afghans in refugees. Pakistan through a realistic and KUTCH—At least 12 Pakistani Afghan refugees in Pakistan be- ghanThe meeting focused on is- pragmatic strategy which is nationals were arrested along yond June 30, when Proof of sues related to the voluntary re- awaiting the Cabinet’s endorsewith their two boats by the In- Registration cards of the refu- patriation and reintegration of ment. The time frame for the dian Border Security Force for gees are due to expire. In an ‘Extraordinary Con- Afghans and Pakistan’s pro- strategy and other necessary illegally entering Indian waters sultations Meeting’ hosted by posed national policy on Afghan modalities would be discussed near Padala creek in Koteshwar refugees, including extension of at a later stage. —NNI off Kutch in Gujarat. According Afghanistan, Pakistan’s Ministo a BSF official, the 12 persons, who seemed to be fishermen, were nabbed during patrolling Thursday night. They will be brought to the Joint Interrogation Centre in Bhuj where they will be grilled. Nothing incriminating was recovered from their possession.—INP

Interior Ministry to set up hotline for public complaints

Officials restricted from foreign trips, links

Pakistan, UNHCR accord on Afghan refugees safety signed

Kashmir: Pugwash 11 points deliberations on Aug 17, 18

Sindh govt to ensure doctors in rural areas

HAMEED SHAHEEN I SLAMABAD —The global opinion and solution voluntary

KARACHI—Sindh government organization Pugwash is deadly as a policy has decided that all 400 doctors, including 99 lady doctors, hired only recently, through public service commission would be posted only in rural centres. Health Secretary for Sindh, Inamullah Khan Dharijo told APP Friday that the government fully conscious of the lopsided provision of human resource as well as relevant facilities in the rural areas has adopted a realistic approach.—APP

set to globally sensitize the old issue of Jammu and Kashmir. Kashmir is in the debating agenda of this global body for quite some time past. But this time its 2-day Islamabad conclave on August 17-18, 2013 would be sufficiently targettied. And it is the dispute of Jammu and Kashmir. The latest Pugwash initiative seems a sweeping diplomatic cut. How far our political intelligentsia is

prepared to face around the table the ‘toughest’ points will also judge their compatibility and grasp of vision. It is no mere talking session: it means much more. In all eleven core points relating to Kashmir issue have been set in the deliberation agenda: 1) Ease the exchange of people across the LOC.; reduce permit restrictions, and allow private vehicles to cross the LOC. Open more roads crossing the LOC and in general the border between India and Pakistan (including roads between Baltistan and Ladakh); 2) Im-

prove unconstrained phone communications in the entire JK; make TV reception possible across the LOC and in general across the Indo-Pakistani boundary. Allow the establishment of cooperative TV and radio stations. Improve access to internet in all areas of JK (both Pakistani- and India-administered); 3) Improve in all possible ways cultural exchanges (including collaboration among Universities and research institutes) across the LOC;

Continued on Page 6

Gold prices go down

dia-China border talks began in Beijing on Friday led by their special representatives - National Security Advisor Shivshankar Menon from India and State Councillor Yang Jiechi from China. This is the first meeting of the special representatives on border talks since the Chinese leadership took over in March and comes in the aftermath of the Chinese troop incursion in Ladakh that raised temperatures between the two neighbours. While Menon has helmed the border talks earlier, Yang, the former foreign minister, took over as state councillor and top diplomat in March. His predecessor, Dai Bingguo, had served as the special representative since the mechanism was introduced in 2003. The two-day talks are expected to be followed by the visit of Defence Minister A.K. Antony from July 4- 7. Menon is to also meet Chinese Premier Li Keqiang during his visit besides Foreign Minister Wang Yi, foreign ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying told the media in Beijing. Li, who had visited India last month, and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had said the festering boundary question is to be resolved through negotiations.—Agencies

Malik seeks PM’s advice on cabinet expansion GHULAM TAHIR Q UETTA —Chief Minister Balochistan Dr. Abdul Malik has gone to Islamabad for talks with PM Mian Nawaz Sharif to seek his cooperation for the expansion of provincial cabinet. The matter pends in the absence of consensus on the size of the cabinet and share of the coalition partners. He will apprise the PM of

the nature of differences regarding the formation of the cabinet which is creating unrest among the people. The political observers maintained that the three party coalition government comprising PML-N, Pashtoonkhawa Milli Awami Party (PKMAP) and NAP must show wisdom and gen-

Continued on Page 6

Most popular study strategies


TUDENTS everywhere, put down those highlighters and pick up some flash cards! Some of the most popular study strategies - such as highlighting and even rereading - don’t show much promise for improving student learning, according to a new report published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. In the report*, John Dunlosky of Kent State University and a team of distinguished psychological scientists review the scientific evidence for ten learning techniques commonly used by students. “Schools and parents spend a great deal of money on technology and programs to improve student achievement, even though evidence often isn’t available to firmly establish that they work,” says Dunlosky. “We wanted to take a comprehensive look at promising strategies now, in order to direct teachers, students and parents to the strategies that are effective, yet underused.” Based on the available evidence, the researchers provide recommendations about the applicability and usefulness of each technique. While the ten learning techniques vary widely in effectiveness, two strategies - practice testing and distributed practice - made the grade, receiving the highest overall utility rating. Most students are probably familiar with practice testing, having used flash cards or answered the questions at the end of a textbook chapter. Students who prefer last-minute cram sessions, however, may not be as famil-

iar with the idea of distributed practice. Dunlosky and colleagues report that spreading out your studying over time and quizzing yourself on material before the big test are highly effective learning strategies. Both techniques have been shown to boost students’ performance across many different kinds of tests, and their effectiveness has been repeatedly demonstrated for students of all ages. In contrast, five of the techniques received a low utility rating from the researchers. Notably, these techniques are some of the most common learning strategies used by students, including summarization, highlighting and underlining, and rereading. “I was shocked that some strategies that students use a lot - such as rereading and highlighting - seem to provide minimal benefits to their learning and performance. By just replacing rereading with delayed retrieval practice, students would benefit,” says Dunlosky. So why don’t they? Why aren’t students and teachers using the learning strategies that have been shown to be effective and inexpensive? Dunlosky and colleagues found that the answer may have to do with how future teachers are taught. “These strategies are largely overlooked in the educational psychology textbooks that beginning teachers read, so they don’t get a good introduction to them or how to use them while teaching,” Dunlosky explains. As a result, teachers are less likely to fully exploit some of these easy-to-use and effective techniques.

ISLAMABAD: Labourers busy in their work on expansion of Kashmir Road.

2013 quiz on Korea competition CITY REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The Embassy of

ISLAMABAD: Ambassador of People’s Republic of China, Sun Weidong called on Speaker National Assembly, Sardar Ayaz Sadiq at Parliament House.

Man arrested Hearts of Pakistani, Chinese for killing people beat together daughter rooted, all-weather strategic S R TAFF


partnership of cooperation for

ISLAMABAD—Margalla police I SLAMABAD — Speaker Na- mutual benefit of both the nahave arrested a person who clubbed to death his own daughter and tried to put the allegation of this murder against some unidentified persons to mislead the police. SP (Saddar) Jameel Ahmed Hashmi told media-men here on Friday that Ahmed Yar lodged the report with Margallah police station regarding missing of his daughter on June 5, 2013. He further stated in report that his daughter left the home situated in residential Colony, sector E-9 at 10 pm and did not return. He tried to search his daughter but could not trace her and found her dead body around 4: 30 pm lying in pool of blood in-front of residential block opposite to his home. Case (FIR 313) was registered against unidentified persons under section 302 PPC following this compliant.—NNI

tional Assembly Sardar Ayaz Sadiq has said that Pakistan and China were not only neighbours but time-tested and all-weather friends. He said that the hearts of both Pakistanis and Chinese people beat together and were truly proud to be such a devoted friends from generation to generation. The Speaker was talking to Mr. Sun Weidong, Ambassador of Peoples Republic of China who called on him in Parliament Houseon Friday. The Speaker said that friendship and cooperation between both the brotherly countries serve the fundamental interests of the two countries and peoples, and contribute to peace, stability and development in the region and beyond. He said that Pakistan strongly desire to further consolidate and deepen its deep-

tions. The Speaker said that Pakistan appreciates the strong support and selfless assistance from the Chinese government and people for its economic and social development. He expressed his sympathy over the ghastly terrorist attack on Chinese tourists in GilgitBaltistan. The Chinese Ambassador Mr. Sun Weidong said that Chinese government always regards Pakistan its closest friend and wants to further deepen China-Pakistan friendship and pass it on from generation to generation. He expressed his gratitude for Pakistan’s longstanding firm support on issues that concern China’s core interests. He conveyed best wishes of Chairman National Peoples Congress to Sardar Ayaz Sadiq on his election as the Speaker and smooth transition of power in the country.

the Republic of Korea has announced a quiz competition “Quiz on Korea 2013” contest in celebration of the 30th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Korea and Pakistan, with the sponsorship of the Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) testing individuals on the country of Korea and its culture. The final qualifier and the winner will be invited to Korea during August 23 – 30 August 2013 to participate in a final round in Seoul and will be provided a round-trip airfare and accommodation for the duration of the filming period in Korea during the final round. Lots of applications of the interested persons were received by the Embassy from throughout Pakistan. In this regard, the first test was taken placed on June 17th 2013 at PMI, Islamabad. After the successful test, now the shortlisted persons have been again called by the Embassy to appear for a final round Test/Interview on Wednesday, 3rd July, 2013 at 10.00 am at NUML (National University of the Modern Languages, Sector H – 9, Islamabad).

CDA Board approves Rs.33,984.33m Budget SHARAFAT KAZMI ISLAMABAD—Capital Development Authority (CDA) Board approved Rs.33,984.33 million Budget for the financial year 2013-14 in its meeting held on Friday presided over by the Chairman CDA, Nadeem Hassan Asif. Member Finance, Azher Ali Choudhry presented the budget to the CDA Board. The budget for the financial year 2013-14 is 20% higher than the current budget for 2012-13. According to details total receipts are estimated at Rs.37,389.25 million, which are 244% higher than the receipts of current financial year 2012-13. The development expenditure is estimated atRs.20,905.66 million, which is 62% of the total budget estimates for the year 2013-14, whereas in current financial year only 35% of bud-

Death of infant: Relatives hold protest RAWALPINDI—The parents and relatives of a new born baby, who died early in the morning due to alleged doctor’s negligence, held protest demonstration outside the Holy Family Hospital. The protesters claimed that the baby died due to the sheer negligence of hospital administration while the hospital staff sought police to handle the situation. The protestors snarled up the traffic on the road and the hospital staff had to seek police help to handle the situation Dr of Holy Family hospital (HFH) Tariq Niazi said that Mrs. Adil was brought to hospital on 16th of June and admitted in hospital and she delivered a premature baby boy on 17th of June weighing 1 kg. Due to premature delivery the baby had jaundice but the family took the baby and mother to their home.—Online

Research based posters/models competition at AIOU C ITY R EPORTER ISLAMABAD—”Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) has made a great progress towards promotion of science education and got good-name at international level during the last three years” This was stated by the Rector, Riphah International University Islamabad, Prof. Dr. G.A. Miana at the prize distribution ceremony of the Research-Based Posters/ Models Competition held at AIOU amongst the students of BS/M.Sc/M.Phil and Ph.D Chemistry students on

Friday. Prof. Dr. G.A. Miana (Sitara-e-Imtiaz), Rector Riphah International University, Prof. Dr. (Mrs) Mashooda Hassan, Ex-Member Federal Public Service Commission / former Professor of Quaid-e-Azam University and Prof. Dr. Shagufta Zulfiqar (Tamgha Imtiaz) former Professor of Quaid-eAzam University were judges of the competition. According to results announced by the judges, in the category of B.S and M.Sc for poster competition, Nadeem Afsar clinched first position, Ghulam Qasim got 2nd while

Syeda Bushra Rahat, Zartasha Naseem and Sidra Nawaz bagged third position. In the category of M.Phil and Ph.D for poster competition, Nadia Riaz and Sadia Iram grabbed the first; Shahid Farooqi attained the 2nd while Shaista Sabir achieved the third position. In Models competition, Sadia Abbas secured first position, Zil-e-Huma, Anum Ali and Saima Naz got 2nd and Syeda Atiqa Gilani secured third position. Addressing the function, Prof. Dr. G.A. Miana said setting-up a ‘Science Club’ to involve and encourage youth for

promotion of Science and Technology in the country is one of the most-productive project out of varied moves and initiatives undertaken by its Vice-Chancellor, Prof. Dr. Nazir Ahmed Sangi for facilitating the students. In her address on the occasion, The Chairperson, Department of Chemistry, AIOU Prof. Dr. Naghmana Rashid said that all the researchbased posters and models placed in the competition were prepared in the labs of the Department of Chemistry, AIOU. Prof. Dr. Naghmana Rashid, Dr. Uzma Yunus, Dr. Muazzam H Bhatti, Dr.

Muhammad Sher, Dr. Nasima Arshad and Dr. Muhammad Zaman Ashraf were the research supervisor of these research based posters and models. AIOU, Dr. Naghmana said was doing excellent work in promoting science and research-based education. She said the department of Chemistry was established in March 1998. The department offers Chemistry courses for FSc students, BS, MSc, M.Phil and Ph.D Chemistry. She said during the year 2012-13, 2 Ph.D, 21 M.Phil and 33 BS /M.Sc students had competed their degrees.

get was spent on development activities. The non-development expenses for the fiscal year 2013-14 are estimated to be Rs.13,078.67 million, which is 38% of the total budget as against 65% in the current budget 2013-14. Rs.3,632.89 million grant from the government would include Rs.1,777.96 million on account of PSDP andRs.1,854.93 million on account of maintenance grant for the fiscal year 2013-14. CDA has set a target of Rs.33,756.36 million on account of revenues from its resources for the fiscal year 201314 including Rs.5,682.10 million from revenue accounts and Rs.27,174.52million in terms of self-finance. As an austerity drive, a cut of 20% has been imposed on non-development expenditure of the office of Chairman, CDA and Members.

A sum of Rs.1.26 billion in the budget has been reserved to meet expected raise in pay and allowance, pension and utility charges. A revolving fund for grant of house building and other advances is proposed to be created. Estimated expenditures on PSDP schemes is Rs. 177.961 which include Rs.334.373 million for Kashmir Highway Project, Rs.780.00 million for construction of additional 104 family suits, Rs.416.908 million for construction of Chirah Dam and Rs.100.00 million for construction of additional block for Senate and National Assembly Secretariat. In financial year 2013-14 an amount of Rs.14,646.91 million has been allocated out of CDA sources for on-going works whereas a sum of Rs.4,480.79 million has been allocated for the new developmental projects.

ANF recovers 2kg heroin ISLAMABAD—The Anti-Narcotics Force (ANF) recovered two kilograms of heroin from a passenger at Benazir Bhutto International Airport, Islamabad. A passenger named Rahat Rehman was about to board a Jeddah bound flight when the authorities seized two kilograms of heroin from his luggage during checking.— Online

Continues THE Embassy of Brazil is to present the II Exhibition of Brazilian Documentaries in Pakistan, which will happen from June 27 to 30, starting at 6 pm at the Embassy (House 1, Street 72, F-8/3).

Briefs Conversion rates KARACHI—The following rates will be applicable for conversion into rupees of Foreign Currency Deposits, Dollar Bearer Certificates, Foreign Currency Bearer Certificates, Special U.S. Dollar Bonds and profits thereon by all banks and for providing Forward Cover on Foreign Currency Deposits (excluding F.E. 25 deposits) by the State Bank on July 2, 2013. The rates are U.S. Dollar Rs 99.5671, Japanese Yen Rs 1.0049, Pound Sterling Rs 151.6408 and Euro Rs 130.0347.—APP

Weekly inflation rises up STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The Sensitive

Price Indicator (SPI) for the week ended on June 27 for the lowest income group up to Rs.8,000 registered increase of 1.08 per cent as compared to the previous week. The SPI for the week under review in the above mentioned group was recorded at 193.86 points against 191.78 points registered in the previous week, according to data of Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS). The weekly SPI has been computed with base 20072008=100, covering 17 urban Bank holiday on centers and 53 essential items for all income groups and comJuly 1 bined. ISLAMABAD—The State Bank The SPI for the combined of Pakistan and all offices of group increased by 1.03 per cent SBP Banking Services as it went up from 197.41 points Corporation, inclusive of in the previous week to 199.44 Public Debt Offices, will remain closed for public dealing on Monday the July 1, which has been declared as Bank Holiday. All Banks/ DFIs shall, therefore, remain closed for public dealing on the above mentioned date. However, all officers/staff of STAFF REPORTER SBP, SBPBSC, Banks/ DFIs will attend the office as usual, a statement of SBP issued here ISLAMABAD—National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) has focused its fiFriday said.—APP nancing efforts towards implemenof Wind and Hydel projects EU bank deal gives tation in the past two years and such renewable energy projects shall reboost a major priority for the bank LONDON—Hard-fought deals main due to their positive contribution on the European Union budget towards Pakistan’s energy mix and and funding future bank long term sustainable electricity bailouts gave EU leaders a generation capacity. “The NBP has boost going into a summit on remained at the forefront of energy Thursday, injecting fresh sector project financing in Pakicredibility into their efforts to stan. This financing will continue end a spiral of financial and to be a priority sector for NBP over economic troubles. But other the coming years. challenges await the 27 EU leaders, who will hold talks in Brussels through today. Unemployment is at a record high across the bloc, particularly for the young, who have been disproportionately punished by years of crisis and recession. But Germany, Europe’s reluctant paymaster, has again dashed hopes of investing any new money to ease the problem. —Agencies

points in the week under review. As compared to the corresponding week of last year, the SPI for the combined group in the week under review witnessed increase of 5.66 percent. As compared to the last week, the SPI for the income groups from Rs.8001- 12,000, 12,001-18,000, 18001-35,000 and above Rs.35,000 increased by 1.07 percent, 1.09 percent, 1.08 and 0.95 percent respectively. During the week under review average prices of 7 items registered decrease, while that of 20 items increase with the remaining 26 items’ prices unchanged. The items which registered decrease in their prices during the week under review included diesel, LPG (11 KG Cylinder), petrol, onions, kerosene oil and garlic. The items which re-

corded increase in their average prices included tomatoes, chicken (farm), egg hen (farm), cigarettes, moong pulse (washed), wheat flour (bag), rice (irri-6), wheat, gas charges, bath soap, mash pulse (washed), beef, bananas, milk (fresh), vegetable ghee (loose), gur, mutton, sugar and red chillies (powder). The items with no change in their average prices during the week under review included rice basmati (broken), bread (plain), curd, milk (powdered), mustard oil, cooking oil (tin), vegetable ghee (tin), potatoes, salt (powdered), tea (packet), cooked beef, cooked dal, tea prepared, long cloth, shirting, lawn, LAHORE: Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif meeting with representatives of Turkish energy companies. georgette, sandal (gents), chappal, sandal (ladies) electric charges, firewood, energy savour, washing soap, match box and telephone local call.

NBP prioritises energy, agri financing To date, NBP’s total exposure to the energy sector stands in excess of Rs 160 Billion”, a statement of the Bank issued here Friday said. The National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) has taken pride in being the largest public sector commercial bank in the country and is ranked amongst the top 1,000 banks of the world, a statement of the Bank issued here Friday said. It added that the NBP is also the first bank in Pakistan to cross the highly coveted 1 Trillion mark in the year 2010. With one of the largest domestic branch networks across Pakistan as well as representation in 6 interna-

tional geographical areas ranging from North America to the Far East as well as a joint venture operating in the United Kingdom and a subsidiary in Kazakhstan, NBP can be termed Pakistan’s largest international commercial bank. The bank has focused its financing efforts towards implementation of Wind and Hydel projects in the past two years. Such renewable energy projects shall remain a major priority for the bank due to their positive contribution towards Pakistan’s energy mix and long term sustainable electricity generation capacity.

MULTAN—The centre of

Wise are those who learn that the bottom line doesn’t always have to be their top priority. —William Arthur Ward

Shahid Mahmood, PTCL Executive Vice President Business Zone North along with other senior officials at Retailers Conference held in Rawalpindi.

Pakistan provides grant for Sri Lanka handloom sector STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Pakistan through its High Commission is collaborating with the Government of Sri Lanka to revive the handloom sector in Mirigama district, aimed at strengthening this cottage industry and providing self-employment to people of the area. The cooperation envisages training of 75 individuals, providing them with handlooms, hand winders, accessories and raw material.

STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—SBP-BSC field offices and authorized branches of National Bank of Pakistan will remain open for extended hours on 28th and 29th June, 2013 and till 12:00 a.m. (midnight) on 30th June, 2013 (Sunday) for collection of taxes. Further NIFT will provide 02 (two) special clearing facilities on 30th June, 2013 i.e. 1st and 2nd clearing immediately after 1:30 p.m. and 12:00 a.m. midnight respectively in order to ensure that all tax receipts collected on 28th, 29th and 30th June are credited to the Government accounts in the month of June, 2013. In order to facilitate collection of taxes, banks are advised to open such branches and other offices on June 30, 2013 (Sunday) till such time that is necessary to facilitate special clearing by NIFT to be held after 1:30 p.m. and 12:00 a.m. Further with reference to the above special clearing arrangements, it is informed that State Bank of Pakistan will only accept credit receipts related to Federal and Provincial Tax.

Govt taking steps to provide relief to farmers: CM STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Punjab Chief Minister Mian Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said the PML-N government is taking steps to provide relief to small farmers. Addressing a review meeting for setting up bio-gas plant here on Friday, he said a comprehensive planning for setting up bio-gas plant should be submitted without any delay so

In addition to the direct beneficiaries, hundreds of people will gain indirect employment from the cottage industry, says a statement received here on Friday. In this regard, the High Commissioner of Pakistan, Major General (R) Qasim Qureshi met Basil Rajapaksa, Minister of Economic Development on Thursday, to present the instrument for US $ 72,000 grant, the statement added. During the meeting, the High Commissioner informed

Minister about the focus of Pakistan’s new government on deepening economic and commercial cooperation, especially with the regional countries. He reiterated Pakistan’s commitment towards further strengthening friendly bilateral ties with Sri Lanka. Pakistan has a strong, thriving and vibrant textile sector, with cotton production and entire value addition chain, including production of yarn, fabric, dyeing and printing, knitwear, and apparel.

that work should be started soon on it. He said energy crisis had badly affected the agriculture sector, adding that a plan had been made to provide tubewells to small farmers which will work with solar energy. He said such plan regarding installation of bio-gas should be made which could be implemented because the government wanted to provide bio-gas facility to maximum small

farmers. He said in Punjab there was great scope of getting energy from bio-gas and the Punjab government was formulating a comprehensive policy in this regard. Under this policy bio-gas plants would be installed in villages. Experts from Pakistan Domestic Bio-gas Programme and Agriculture University Faisalabad briefed the chief minister about the bio-gas plant.

‘Balance of land trade in favour of India’ STAFF REPORTER

at Wagha border, Lahore. He further said in view of above facts and figures, the balance of trade is straightaway five time in favour of India. Mr.Malik said that according to agreement, both countries can export to each other 137 items at zero duty except 5 % custom duty and 16 % sale tax on the poly propylene granules. He said that under Afghan transit trade to India, a total of 2425 trucks load of dry fruits, pulses crossed to India through Wagha border during the last nine month. Iftikhar said that Pakistan and India, with the support of their private sector, must take historic steps to normalize bilateral trade relations and fully ensure balance of trade. He said that South Asia is the fastest growing region in the world but also one of the least

integrated while the region’s trade with the rest of the world is growing rapidly, intra-regional trade is merely 5 per cent of its total trade. He said that despite being natural trade and investment partners, the volume of trade between Pakistan and India, the two largest economies of the region, has been extremely low. He said that for instance, total trade between Brazil and Argentina amount to US$33 billion in 2010,almost 15 time more than the current Pak-Indo trade of little over US$2 billion. He said that it is worth mentioning that Argentina and Brazil too have had similar turbulent past of war and fierce rivalry. He said that bilateral trade between Pak-Indo a couple of years ago stood at an estimated US$1.83 billion.

ISLAMABAD—India exported to Pakistan worth Rs 50,000 million, whereas exports from Pakistan to India stood at Rs 9000 during last five years. Vice President SAARC Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SCCI), Pakistan chapter, Iftikhar Ali Malik after reviewing the volume of Pak-Indo trade told APP on Friday that during the period 2007-2008 to 2012, India exported to Pakistan worth Rs 50,000 million newsprint, vegetables, soyabean, spcies etc while Pakistan exported dry fruit, cement, salt, rock salt, raw gypsum, soda ash STAFF REPORTER etc to India only valued at rupees 9000 million. He said that the land balance L AHORE —The Punjab Assembly demand to form a na- of trade was five times in favour tional commission on the con- of India during the last five year struction of Kalabagh Dam termed as welcome move because constructing this dam is the need of the hour. As Punjab population, agri and industrial sectors need water desperately, Kalabagh Dam not only would cater the needs of Punjab but it would prove to be a giant and permanent resource for the generation of cheap electricity in the country. These views were expressed by PML-N Trade Wing Lahore Senior Vice President Abuzar Ghaffari while addressing a traders’ meeting here yesterday in his office. Abuzar Ghaffari demanded the government to remove apprehensions of other provinces regarding construction of Kalabagh Dam, so that this ISLAMABAD: Ambassador of Argentina Rodolfo J. Martin Saravia meeting with Federal mega project could be initiated. Minister for Ports and Shipping Senator Kamran Michael.

Kalabagh Dam can mitigate energy woes

New Bt cotton variety in pipeline Excellence in Molecular Biology (CEMB) is just a few years away from developing a new Bt cotton variety involving double gene technology promising in- built defence mechanism against army worm in addition to bollworms besides high yield compared to other Bt varieties. Normally Bt varieties available in the market offer defence against American Bollworm and spotted bollworm, however, the new variety has another gene for defence against army worm attack.—APP

Banks branches to open for tax collection

KESC privatization

KESC rejects allegations of Senate’s committee AMANULLAH KHAN KARACHI—The Karachi Electric Supply Company has categorically termed allegations raised against it by Senate’s Standing Committee on Water and Power as completely baseless. The power utility has stated that all such allegations as reported in media are false propaganda and without any justification in fact or law. Such negative propaganda has a direct adverse impact on Pakistan’s attempts to woo foreign investors to come to Pakistan. KESC clarified that its privatization took place in accordance with all applicable laws on

November 29, 2005, after all relevant approvals were in place from the ECC, Cabinet and CCI. The subsequent induction of Abraaj Capital as new shareholder in KES power in 2009 after the lapse of 3 years from the date of privatization was legally in order. This was not a new privatization transaction as no fresh shareholding from GOP was transferred into private ownership and the existing privatized shareholding of KES Power in KESC remained unchanged and was therefore in compliance with all applicable laws. The new shareholder obtained a proportionate shareholding in KES Power to reflect their investment of fresh

equity and funds into KESC. It is relevant to point out that since May 2009, Abraaj Capital has already invested USD 361 Million for purposes of adding new generation capacity (1010 MWs) and rehabilitation of network infrastructure which complies with their obligations under the Amendment Agreement between the Government of Pakistan and KESC in April, 2009. Since that date, the overall investment in KESC through debt and equity is around USD 1 Billion. KESC also clarified that it was fully compliant with all commitments made to the Government of Pakistan under the Implementation Agreement and the

Amendment Agreement. It’s worth noting that to date not a single dollar has been paid out to its shareholders and all the capital has gone into improving the performance and financial health of the company. Also, since the new management has taken over control of KESC in 2009, it has never received a single rupee on account of “Subsidy” and never demanded the same from the Government. On the issue of 650 MW from NTDC, KESC clarified that its serves over 20 million consumers across 6500 square kilometers stretching from Gharo to Uthal, Bela, Vinder, Lasbela and Hub industrial zones in Balochistan. Contrary to popular misconcep-

tion, KESC does not have excess MW capacity to spare. The available dependable capacity is a function of forced & scheduled maintenance outages, gas pressure issues, fuel shortages, etc. To maintain the existing load-shedding regime in Karachi, KESC absolutely needs the 650 MW supply from NTDC, which is only 5% of the total generation capacity available to NTDC. KESC has entered into a binding legal agreement with NTDC after receiving appropriate approvals including the Economic Coordination Committee (ECC) approval in October 2008. This issue is also sub-judice in two cases pending before the Honorable Sindh High Court

where status quo orders have been made. Even the Sindh Provincial Assembly by its resolution dated June 11, 2013 has unanimous resolved against depriving the city of Karachi from electricity from the national grid. Similarly, the issue of sale of NTDC power at DISCO rates to KESC has been approved by all relevant stakeholders including NEPRA, ECC as well as the Cabinet. The beneficiary of DISCO rates is directly the consumers of KESC. It’s worth noting that since September 2008, KESC has purchased electricity worth Rs 210.3 billion from NTDC and made payment of Rs 223.9 billion under the payment mechanism/pro-

cedure specified in the PPA. At the time of signing PPA with NTDC in January 2010, outstanding arrears were Rs22.5 billion, which has been brought down to Rs 6.1 billion (as of June 2013) by paying regular installment of Rs 400 million every month as agreed in PPA. Last year, KESC’s turnaround management was praised in the State Bank of Pakistan annual report for having developed a sustainable performance structure. T&D losses which were around 40% at the time of privatization in 2005 have been brought down in 2013 to 28%. In this regard, the example of a privatized KESC is insightful: this utility has shed sur-

plus staff (despite stiff union opposition); has cut power supply on account of unpaid bills (even for high profile government agencies); has invested in more efficient generation units; and has formulated a commerciallydriven load-shedding schedule. As a result, the situation is quite different in Karachi compared to the rest of the country. KESC emphasized that the privatization of KESC in 2005 was in compliance with all local laws and the induction of a new shareholder after the lapse of 3 years from privatization in KES Power, which is the sponsor shareholder in KESC, was in accordance with all applicable laws.


Selling Buying


































Omani Riyal



Saudi Arabia



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Bullion Rates KARACHI—Following were the bullion rates in major cities yesterday. RS PER 10 GRAMS KARACHI: Gold Tezab Silver Tezabi

45000.00 737.14

MULTAN: Gold Tezabi (24-Ct) Gold 22 Ct SilverTezabi Silver Thobi

44580.00 40750.00 690.00 630.00

US economy, market now facing monetary cliff NEW YORK—Just when we were getting our heads around the idea that we’re speeding down Fiscal Street and about to go careening off of “fiscal cliff,” a new - and similar - risk has been added to the mix this morning. According to Goldman Sachs economist Jan Hatzius, the Federal Reserve is essentially driving down Monetary Road and there’s a good chance we’re about to also have an accident at “monetary cliff,” following the moves that slashed the growth target and extended the rate-rejigging plan called Operation Twist. What this means is, if there’s not an unexpected improvement in the jobs market and economy in the back half of the year, then come 2013, the Fed will have no choice but to lever up and undergo another round of quantitative easing or QE3. If true, it would be a move rife with political, economic and inflationary risks as well as one that might not even work.— Newswire

Deal inked for oil, gas potential development STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The UK Government has welcomed the signing of a Joint Study Agreement between Orion Energy plc and Pakistan Petroleum Limited (PPL) to develop the offshore oil and gas potential of Pakistan has wished for greater cooperation in the energy sector. To this effect a Joint Study Agreement between Orion Energy plc and Pakistan Petroleum Limited (PPL) was signed here on Friday which establishes a joint venture to develop the offshore oil and gas potential of Pakistan. The Joint Study will cover the entire Indus and Makran offshore areas. The British High Com-

missioner to Pakistan, Adam Thomson, along with Nadim Khan, Executive Director of the Pakistan Trade and Investment Forum, Asim Murtaza Khan, M.D. and CEO of Pakistani Petroleum Limited (PPL) and David M. Thomas, Director Orion Energy witnessed the signing ceremony at the Serena Hotel, Islamabad. Orion Energy Plc and the Pakistan Petroleum Limited also signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the Kandhkot gas to electric project currently operated by Pakistan Petroleum Limited. Orion Energy plc will fast track a gas based power project with PPL as a joint venture partner. Speaking on the occasion

Adam Thomson, the British High Commissioner to Pakistan said: “This is a clear signal by UK companies of their wish to do business in Pakistan with Pakistani partners in the energy sector. The Government of Pakistan has flagged as the development of the energy sector as crucial to the economy and future prosperity of Pakistan and all its people”, he said. The UK Government looks forward to greater co-operation in the energy sector and increased trade and investment for mutual benefit. Today’s signing is another step towards the UK and Pakistan’s ambitious, joint trade and investment targets, the ISLAMABAD: The British High Commissioner Adam Thomson with Nadim Khan, Executive Director of the Pakistan Trade and Investment Forum, Asim Murtaza Khan, MD and CEO PPL and David M. Thoma, Director Orion Energy High Commissioner said. witnessing signing ceremony between PPL and Orion Energy.

TDAP, FPCCI to jointly Steps to ensure Mobilink, Nokia to completion explore new export destinations timely of NHA projects launch Lumia 720, 520 AMANULLAH KHAN KARACHI —Trade Development Authority of Pakistan (TDAP) and the Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FPCCI) have agreed to make joint efforts for exploring the untapped markets of Afrfica, South America and Russia for export of Pakistan products. In this respect the FPCCI and TDAP will form overseas delegation to visit these markets and organized single country exhibitions. This was decided in a meeting held at FPCCI in Karachi. It was also pointed out that FPCCI was organizing solo exhibitions in Bombay, Bangalore and Chennai, due to impressive turnout at the Made in Pakistan

Mumbai 2012 exhibition and President FPCCI advised them to facilitate the FPCCI in this regard. During the meeting Mr.Gulzar Firoz raised some issues which are hampering closer coordination between TDAP & TDAP and spelt out the major issues such as pending subsidies related to TDAP, participation in spot selling exhibitions which are the exlusive domain of the FPCCI and support to exhibitors via subsidies and other incentives in FPCCI organized Fairs and Exhibitions. SM Muneer also raised the issue of subsidies pending on account of Pakistan Single Country Exhibitions organized in Toronto, Canada and said TDAP should streamline its working with FPCCI for ensur-

ing quick and prompt communication. It was crucial that both organizations work on same wavelength and we can hold a Solo Country Exhibition in Toronto next year in June. TDAP’s support will inevitably be required. Secretary TDAP in principle agreed on the proposals given by FPCCI, and gave the good news that under the new Economic Policy, requisitioning funds from EDF will become easier and this would lead to quicker facilitation. TDAP was committed to augmenting the efforts of FPCCI, but it itself was under a lot of financial burdens as the funds provided to TDAP were not increased since last many years. It was decided that FPCCI-TDAP should hold more meetings for closer coordination.

DUBAI: US Ambassador Richard Olson, Ambassador Robin Raphel, Ambassador Javed

put in a surprisingly strong performance in May, official data showed Friday, the latest good news for the world’s third-largest economy as Tokyo works to breathe new life into the perpetual laggard. The figures, which showed industrial production jumped 2.0 percent in May from a month earlier, come as Japan’s trade picture improves with exports rising as business with the United States and China soars. Markets had been expecting a monthly factory output rise around 0.2 percent. “Broadly speaking I believe this indicates a gradual recovery. But this month’s gains could be attributed to production of large machinery like turbines and boilers. So it could represent mainly temporary factors,” said Yasuo Yamamoto, senior economist, Mizuho Research Institute. And separate figures also published Friday painted a more mixed picture of an economy still struggling to reverse years of growth-crimping deflation. Consumer prices were flat in May, although there was a modest increase in the metropolitan Tokyo area and the results were better than a fall in the previous month. Household spending remained stubbornly weak, however, falling 1.6 percent from a year earlier. Those figures are a key signal for economists who have been trying to pin down whether a policy blitz from Japanese premier Shinzo Abe, dubbed “Abenomics”, is taking hold. “Deflationary pressure appears to be broadly weakening,”—AFP

Capital Markets Moot on July 3 STAFF REPORTER

area shut down AMANULLAH KHAN

KARACHI—The Korangi InLAHORE—Lahore Stock Ex- dustrial area was shut down due

change (LSE) has scheduled to hold Pakistan Capital Markets Conference in collaboration with Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE) and Islamabad Stock Exchange (ISE) on Wednesday (July 03) at Islamabad. The Federal Minister for Planning and Development Mr. Ahsan Iqbal has expressed his consent as the Chief Guest at the conference. The conference is being organized to help prepare a roadmap for the market based development agenda in support of the economic growth objectives of the newly established government. The idea behind the conference is that since the new Government is inclined to spur a culture of widespread investments.

to labour unrest following an incident cauising injury to a labour. The Members of Pakistan Tanners Association (S.Z) have highly protested over the closure of Tannery Zone in Korangi Industrial Area by a small group of labourers recently. The Chairman PTA (SZ), Amanullah Aftab said in a statement that on the pretext of an incident in a tannery in which temporary labourer got injured due to his own mistake. The management of said tannery spent Rs173,870 on his treatment at a reputed hospital and offered necessary further medical treatment as well. There was no reason for closing the entire

exporting leather industry for an incident in an individual tannery, Aftab said. “If unsatisfied with the efforts of medical help of the tannery concerned the Labour Department and court should have been approached for peaceful settlement as per law”, he maintained. He said that PTA has regretted the production loss of millions of rupees and loss of wages of Tannery Zone’s workers due to said illegal, forced closure of Tannery Zone for several hours. The members strongly protested the role and attitude of the area police and rangers which made no efforts to stop the protesting labourers from illegal closure of Tannery Zone. They regretted that it does not augur well for the smooth working of the industry.

TUSDEC Board meets SALIM AHMED L AHORE—At its 31st board meeting held on 28 June 2013, TUSDEC briefed the Secretary Ministry of Production Mr. Sajjad Saleem Hotiana about the company’s vision and its accomplishments over the years of its establishment, company’s spokesperson shared. Mr. Khalid Kifah, GM SMEDA and Mr. Basit Maqsood Abbasi, CEO TUSDEC attended the meeting alongside the top management of the company. The session was instigated with a brief presentation on TUSDEC projects in the pipeline and the broad- brimming array of those implemented by the company since its incorporation. Secretary endorsed

TUSDEC initiatives of TVET(Technical Vocational Education and Training) sector reform with notable international donors under implementation in KP, FATA, AJK and Sindh. Apprising the company’s venturing towards skill development, the BODs (Board of Directors) directed the top management to steer its focus more towards planning and implementing various programs of sophisticated technological assistance to support the key and emerging industrial clusters of Pakistan. The board was then reported on a recently initiated project under which TUSDEC intends to support the solar power industry of Pakistan with the availability of relevant technical workforce; the action was affirmatively rec-

ognized by the sojourning authorities. According to the company spokesperson, the BODs were also briefed on the various sectors (Surgical Instruments, Programmable Logical Controls, Renewable Energy, Material Testing) identified by TUSDEC R&D to be fostered in terms of common facilitation for technology enhancement and manpower training. Later on the board evaluated the company’s performance in the previous year; while assessing it positively the BODs encouraged the company’s management to strive further ahead to sustain its own running capital while augmenting the national economy through its large-scale interventions of technology upgradation and skill enhancement.


K ARACHI —Mobilink has ISLAMABAD—Chairman Na- launched Nokia Lumia 720 and tional Highway Authority (NHA) Hamid Ali Khan has said that steps were being taken to accelerate the pace of work on ongoing highway projects to ensure their earlier completion. While chairing a high-level meeting here at NHA head office he said that any negligence or carelessness on the part of the NHA officials will not be tolerated. The meeting was informed in a briefing that construction activities on 24 projects are in progress, which include Faisalabad-Gojra, GojraShorkot sections of Motorway (M-4) Sultan Bahu Bridge, Havelian Mansehra, Hassanabdal-Mansehra, Sukkur-Jacobabad, Qila Saifullah-Zhob, Kalat-Quetta, Pir Alizai-Chaman highways and new bridge of Lyari Expressway.

PQ shipping activity

Secretary Commerce Munir Qureshi and Secretary Board of Investment Kamran Japan’s factory Malik, Ali Qureshi at a reception to mark the successful conclusion of the Pakistan US Business output rises in Conference. May, prices flat LSE to hold Pakistan Korangi industrial

TOKYO—Japanese factories


K ARACHI —Two ships C.V Bux Contact and M.T Gas Serenity carrying containers and LPG were allotted berths at Qasim International Container Terminal and Engro Vopak Terminal respectively at Port Qasim on Thursday, Port sources said herwe on Friday. Berth occupancy was maintained at the Port at 36% on Thursday where five ships namely C.V Bux Contact, M.V Zea Hai-505, M.V Alitis, M.T Gas Serenity and Karachi are currently occupying berths to load/ offload containers, rice, soya bean seeds, LPG and furnace oil respectively. A cargo volume of 75,415 tonnes comprising 58,638 tonnes imports and 16,777 tonnes exports inclusive of containerised cargo carried in 1,340 containers (TEUs) (457 imports and 883 exports TEUs) were handled at the Port during the last 24 hours. Three ships Container Vessel, Bux Contact, LPG carrier Gas Serenity and Oil Tanker Karachi’ sailed out to sea on Friday morning. Four ships C.V MSC Levina, C.V Saigon Express, M.V Vindonissa and M.T AL-Salam-II scheduled to load/ offload containers, cement and diesel oil are expected to take berths at QICT, WM and FOTCO respectively on Friday while M.V Alliance Louis is due to arrive at Port Qasim on the same day and edile oil carrier Bunga Amelati Dua and chemicals carrier Stolt Heliulnad are due to arrive on Saturday.—APP

German key machine-tool sector stumbles F R A N K F U RT —Orders

Nokia Lumia 520 exclusively for its customers across Pakistan. This follows the success of Lumia 920, Lumia 820 and Lumia 620 launched by Mobilink earlier this year. Mobilink’s prepaid customers can also avail a package deal with the Nokia Lumia 720 and Lumia 520 phones, including free 2 GB internet for three months and exclusive 15 days free trial of Mobi Music. Farid Ahmed, Vice President, Marketing Mobilink highlighted, “The launch of Lumia 720 and Nokia 520 ensures that our customers have access to the latest cellular technology at competitive prices and bundled with the most attractive offers. The launch of the Nokia Lumia series with Mobilink’s Mobile

Internet confirms Mobilink’s leading position in bringing best value for money to our customers.” The Nokia Lumia 720 delivers a high-end camera performance at a mid-range price point. With a large f/1.9 aperture and exclusive Carl Zeiss optics, the 720’s camera is designed to deliver bright, clear pictures anytime of the day. There is also an option to add wireless charging with a snap on wireless charging cover. The Lumia 520 is Nokia’s most affordable Windows Phone 8 Smartphone, delivering experiences that match other highend smartphones. The phone is priced at Rs. 18,800 for Mobilink customers. Coming in multiple colors, Nokia Lumia 520 four-inch super sensitive touch screen makes for a more responsive and immersive content experience.

MoIT takes notice of pending audit paras STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Minister of State for Information Technology Ms Anusha Rahman has taken serious notice of the large number of pending audit paras of the attached departments and organizations working under the Ministry of Information Technology. The Chief Finance and Accounts Officer of the Ministry of Information Technology apprised the Minister that there are 583 pending audit para, including 313 paras of National Telecommunication Corporation (NTC), 79 paras of Special Communication Organization (SCO), 106 paras of Universal Services Fund (USF) and 26 paras of ICT Research and Development Fund.

However, there are no outstanding paras against the main ministry at DAC/PAC level due to the effective internal control and checks. The Minister desired that matter may be taken up with the Auditor General of Pakistan for immediate special audit of NTC, USF, ICT R&D and SCO for the year 2011-12 and 2012-13. She further desired that immediate measures may be taken for foolproof and effective financial discipline in all departments and organization working under Ministry. The Minister also desired to rationalize the salary packages of the employees of organizations/companies through their respective boards of the organizations in the light of the austerity measures initiated by the present government.

Indo-Pak trade roundtable in Karachi soon STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—The Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FPCCI) and the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER) will jointly organize a roundtable on IndoPakistan trade ties with an emphasis on non-tariff barriers to trade (NTBs) in September 2013 in Karachi. This was decided in a meeting held between FPCCI and a team from ICRIER comprising of Dr. Nisha Taneja, Sanjana Joshi and Samridhi Bimal who visited the FPCCI Head Office. It was further stated by the ICRIER team that this is the second event in the series of roundtables on Indo-Pakistan trade which was initiated last year, with the first roundtable

held in Lahore by ICRIER in partnership with the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) and the Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS). While welcoming the idea of the roundtable, Mr. Shaheen Ilyas Sarwana, Vice President of FPCCI and Mr. S.M. Muneer, President of the India Pakistan Chamber of Commerce and Industry said that this roundtable will provide opportunities to the business community of both countries to discuss Indo-Pak trade relations and non-tariff barriers to trade (NTBs) hampering the promotion of trade. It was further discussed that the representatives of regional chambers of commerce from India would also attend the roundtable to give their proposals and suggestions.

AMISP issues rates of commodities STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Agriculture Marketing Information Service Punjab (AMISP) issued rates of agriculture products in local market on Friday. As per details, following are the per 100 kg rates of different agriculture products in Lahore market: Maize minimum Rs 2500 and maximum 2700, Rice Super Basmati (New) minimum Rs 10000 and maximum Rs 11000, Rice Basmati (old) minimum Rs 12000 and maximum Rs 13000, white sugar minimum Rs 5180 and maximum Rs 5200, white gram (local) minimum Rs 6000 and maximum Rs 6200, Red Chili Whole (Dry) minimum Rs 13000 maximum Rs 14000, Cauliflower minimum Rs 5500 and maximum Rs 6000, Onion minimum Rs 2400 and maximum Rs 2600, Tomato minimum Rs 5500 and maximum Rs 6000, Ginger (china) minimum Rs 13000 and maximum Rs 13500, Peas minimum Rs 8000 and maximum Rs 8500, Brinjal minimum Rs 1400 and maximum Rs 1600,Potato Fresh minimum Rs 2000 and maximum Rs 2200, Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) minimum Rs 13000 and maximum Rs 14000, Banana (Dozen) minimum Rs 50 and maximum Rs 60, Mango (Desahri) minimum Rs 7000 and maximum Rs 8000, Mango (Anwer Ratol) minimum Rs 9000 and maximum Rs 9500.—APP

Hong Kong stocks close higher H ONG K ONG —Hong Kong shares rose 1.78 percent Friday after the US Federal Reserve moved to ease concerns over its stimulus programme, while China’s central bank pledged to improve liquidity in the country’s financial markets. The benchmark Hang Seng Index added 363.21 points to end at 20,803.29 on turnover of HK$68.98 billion ($8.90 billion). Hong Kong and Asia followed a rally on Wall Street after the Fed’s New York president William Dudley said an end to the bond-buying scheme that started in September “is very likely to be a long way off”. He said the bank’s policy deeply depends “on the progress we make towards our objectives” of pushing unemployment down to 6.5 percent and getting the economy back up to strength. “This means that the policy—including the pace of asset purchases—depends on the outlook rather than the calendar.” “If labour market conditions and the economy’s growth momentum were to be less favourable than in the (Fed policy committee’s) outlook... I would expect that the asset purchases would continue at a higher pace for longer.” —AFP

in Germany’s key mechanical engineering sector slipped in May after a surge in April due to declining demand at home, the industry federation said Friday. Last month, machine-tool orders in Europe’s top economy fell five percent in a year-onyear comparison due to a 14percent decline in domestic demand. Orders from abroad held steady, the VDMA association said. Germany las long been a leader in supplying world markets with precision engineered equipment and parts for industrial processes and products, and this activity is an important part LAHORE: Zong’s representative handing over the car key to the lucky winner. of its export prowess.—AFP

Most popular study strategies


TUDENTS everywhere, put down those highlighters and pick up some flashcards! Some of the most popular study strategies - such as highlighting and even rereading - don’t show much promise for improving student learning, according to a new report published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. In the report*, John Dunlosky of Kent State University and a team of distinguished psychological scientists review the scientific evidence for ten learning techniques commonly used by students. “Schools and parents spend a great deal of money on technology and programs to improve student achievement, even though evidence often isn’t available to firmly establish that they work,” says Dunlosky. “We wanted to take a comprehensive look at promising strategies now, in order to direct teachers, students and parents to the strategies that are effective, yet underused.” Based on the available evidence, the researchers provide recommendations about the applicability and usefulness of each technique. While the ten learning techniques vary widely in effectiveness, two strategies practice testing and distributed practice made the grade, receiving the highest overall utility rating. Most students are probably familiar with practice testing, having used flash

cards or answered the questions at the end of a textbook chapter. Students who prefer last-minute cram sessions, however, may not be as familiar with the idea of distributed practice. Dunlosky and colleagues report that spreading out your studying over time and quizzing yourself on material before the big test are highly effective learning strategies. Both techniques have been shown to boost students’ performance across many different kinds of tests, and their effectiveness has been repeatedly demonstrated for students of all ages. In contrast, five of the techniques received a low utility rating from the researchers. Notably, these techniques are some of the most common learning strategies used by students, including summarization, highlighting and underlining, and rereading. “I was shocked that some strategies that students use a lot such as rereading and highlighting seem to provide minimal benefits to their learning and performance. By just replacing rereading with delayed retrieval practice, students would benefit,” says Dunlosky. So why don’t they? Why aren’t students and teachers using the learning strategies that have been shown to be effective and inexpensive? Dunlosky and colleagues found that the answer may have to do with how future teachers are taught.

KARACHI: Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah speaks during the provincial assembly session in Karachi.

JI demands operation ‘cleanup’ against criminal elements without discrimination KARACHI —Jamaat-e Islami ceased Faisal was a senior and (JI) Karachi Chief Muhammad Hussain Mahenti has strongly condemned the target killing of party worker Faisal Lat in Kharadar area on Friday and demanded early arrest of the culprits involved into the crime and give them exemplary punishment. Talking to the media, JI Karachi Chief said that the de-

Altaf expresses grief on party workers’ killing STAFF REPORTER

active party man. He termed the killing of JI worker an open act of terrorism. Mahenti regretted that the government and LEAs officials have completely failed to restore law and order in the city, as innocent people are being targeted by the terrorists on daily basis, but no arrest has yet to be done by LEAs.

KARACHI: Relatives of a man who was killed in firing incident in Kala Pul area, block the main Korangi road.

Karachi faces a new form of terrorism STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—The outlaws have pioneered a new wave of terrorism in the port city under which the innocent civilians, pedestrians and passerbys are new targets. This sort of terrorism has led to creation of extreme level fear and sense of insecurity among the Karachiites. While, the countless pickets of the law enforcement agencies and escalated patrolling could not bear fruits. Friday was a fateful day for the people of the city as they were preparing for saying their Friday prayers amid large congregations, while others had returned from different mosques after they had said their Friday prayers and were sitting at shops, hotels and were on foot.

A gang of outlaws had arrived in Kharadar area and opened indiscriminate fire on the civilians, mostly, pedestrians. Subsequent to the sudden outburst of the incident of fire from automatic weapons, 5 were down while 7 were seriously injured. Bodies and the injured were taken to hospitals. A woman was among those died on the spot. The incident occurred in Khajoor Gali of densely populated Kharadar area. The area is already affected worst with the gang war, extortion and kidnapping for ransom. As usual, Rangers and Police arrived at the scene and cordoned off the affected area. Residents of Kharadar and adjoining areas staged a protest demonstration and they burnt

old tyres and blocked roads, which led to severe traffic gridlock. The protestors demanded the government of immediate arrest of the criminals. They alleged the LAEs for their failure to protecting the people. On the other hand, tortured bodies of 1 cop and 1 other from Mirza Adam Khan Road and Klakot in Lyari. Both were severely tortured and shot to death. In another incident occurred near National Stadium of Pakistan, Karachi, a dealer of Japanese cars, Naveed Raza was gunned down over refusing to the extortion. He was killed by armed men, who were on a motorcycle. The deceased was moving in his car along with his young son, who escaped any injury.

STAFF REPORTER human rights, labour rights and child protection said that the 18th Amendment a new Article 25-A was inserted in the Constitution, which pertains to the right to compulsory education to all. This article is now part of the Fundamental Rights portion of the Constitution. The Article 25A - Right to education states “The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such manner as may be determined by law.” Unfortunately, after the passage of 3 years no provincial government or federal government has taken any measure to implement that clause in practical terms. Except for the Sindh provincial government none of the provinces have made laws for sending all children to the schools. The previous Sindh Assembly before its dissolution, had passed the law “The Right of Child to Free and Compulsory Education (Sindh) Bill, 2013” on March 11, 2013. This piece of legislation was passed after the orders of the Sindh High Court on the petition of PILER and other civil society organisation seeking implementation of Article 25-A in Sindh. A Committee called Local Education Group was constituted to look into the matter.

Canada offers technical help to Pakistan K ARACHI —Canadian High pertise in agriculture to Pakistan, Commissioner to Pakistan Greg Giokas has said here that Canada can offer Pakistan locomotives for the railway besides technical help. The Canadian High Commissioner was exchanging views with President Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI) Muhammad Haroon Agar, according to a statement of KCCI on Friday. Greg Giokas who was accompanied by Honorary Consul General of Canada in Karachi Byram D. Avari, said the Canada Pacific Railway can tender for locomoKARACHI: Rangers soldiers standing alert at the site after firing by unknown motorcy- tives required by Pakistan Railclists in Kharadar area killing many people and injuring seven otehr in the incident. way. Canada can also provide ex-

peace in the city could not be restored”, Mahenti asserted. Earlier, the funeral prayers of the deceased JI worker Faisal Lat were performed after Asr prayers in Fazal Mosque, Kharadar. Large number of people including JI leaders and workers were also attended the funeral prayers. The deceased was laid to rest at local graveyard.

HRs NGOs call for free education to all children

KARACHI—Muttahida Qaumi KARACHI—Leaders of different Movement (MQM) Altaf Hussain expressed grief on the killing of a worker of Unit 132 Qasba Aligarh Sector Tariq Mustafa. He extended sympathies to the grieving family members and prayed Almighty Allah to bless the departed soul. Meanwhile, the Co-ordination Committee of the MQM strongly condemned the brutal killing of Tariq Mustafa in Sector 5–B of Surjani Town area where had gone for some personal work. Tariq Mustafa received bullet wounds in head, chest and neck. He was rushed to Abbasi Shaheed Hospital in a critical condition where he succumbed to his injuries. The Co-ordination Committee said that armed terrorists were killing MQM workers without any fear as the law-enforcing agencies were standing as silent spectators and not taking any action against terrorists and criminals involved in demand of extortion and bloodshed The Co-ordination Committee sympathized with the bereaved family members and demanded PM Nawaz Sharif, Federal Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan and Chief Minister Sindh to take serious notice of the killing of Tariq Mustafa.

He further said that the life and property of the common men were not safe and the terrorists are being conducted their criminal activities in broad day light without fear of any arrest. “If the operation cleanup would not be launched against the terrorists, target killers and extortionists regardless of any political reconciliation, then the

he said. He opined that regional trade is crucial to uplift economy and explore market access in the countries worldwide, Pakistan has to achieve a quantum leap in regional trade. He appreciated smooth and peaceful transition of government through elections and was of the view that the new Government should accord priority to economic development and revise its policies as per their commitments. A vibrant reciprocal trade is pre-requisite to Preferential or Free Trade Agreement without which such an arrangement is not possible, he said.—APP

The press conference was addressed by Karamat Ali, Executive Director, Pakistan Institute of Labour Education and Research (PILER); Nasir Mansoor of National Trade Union Federation (NTUF); Shamsuddin of Human Rights

Commission of Pakistan (HRCP); Saeed Baloch of Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum (PFF); Abdullah Langah of Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child (SPARC) and Senior journalist Ms. Zubaida Mustafa at Karachi Press Club Thursday.

PM’s advisor on aviation visits airports STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—On the direction of Prime Minister (PM), Capt. Shujaat Azeem, Advisor to the PM on Aviation, accompanied by Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) Director General (DG) visited civil airports.

Most popular study strategies


TUDENTS everywhere, put down those highlighters and pick up some flashcards! Some of the most popular study strategies - such as highlighting and even rereading - don’t show much promise for improving student learning, according to a new report published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. In the report*, John Dunlosky of Kent State University and a team of distinguished psychological scientists review the scientific evidence for ten learning techniques commonly used by students. “Schools and parents spend a great deal of money on technology and programs to improve student achievement, even though evidence often isn’t available to firmly establish that they work,” says Dunlosky. “We wanted to take a comprehensive look at promising strategies now, in order to direct teachers, students and parents to the strategies that are effective, yet underused.” Based on the available evidence, the researchers provide recommendations about the applicability and usefulness of each technique. While the ten learning techniques vary widely in effectiveness, two strategies - practice testing and distributed practice - made the grade, receiving the highest overall utility rating. Most students are probably familiar with practice testing, having used flash

cards or answered the questions at the end of a textbook chapter. Students who prefer last-minute cram sessions, however, may not be as familiar with the idea of distributed practice. Dunlosky and colleagues report that spreading out your studying over time and quizzing yourself on material before the big test are highly effective learning strategies. Both techniques have been shown to boost students’ performance across many different kinds of tests, and their effectiveness has been repeatedly demonstrated for students of all ages. In contrast, five of the techniques received a low utility rating from the researchers. Notably, these techniques are some of the most common learning strategies used by students, including summarization, highlighting and underlining, and rereading. “I was shocked that some strategies that students use a lot - such as rereading and highlighting - seem to provide minimal benefits to their learning and performance. By just replacing rereading with delayed retrieval practice, students would benefit,” says Dunlosky. So why don’t they? Why aren’t students and teachers using the learning strategies that have been shown to be effective and inexpensive? Dunlosky and colleagues found that the answer may have to do with how future teachers are taught.

Ombudsman takes notice of partial investigation SALIM AHMED LAHORE—Ombudsman Punjab Javed Mahmood has taken serious notice of poor and partial investigation of the case of an attempt to molest a three-year girl and summoned SP Investigation Gujranwala, SHO PS Sabzi Mandi, Investigation Officer and Moharar alongwith record on July 01. Ombudsman Punjab took notice on the complaint of Mr. Shahid, a resident of Bakhtay wala, Gujranwala stating that

his neighbor Nasir Tufail Butt tried to molest his three-year daughter. The locals immediately informed Police Station Sabzi Mandi and after a hectic effort, managed to get registered an FIR. According to complainant, Investigation Officer Sardar Naeem and SHO Police Station Sabzi Mandi, Akram Gill refused to arrest the accused and provided him full chance to flee from the area. Police took him in custody after 5 days after taking bribe and treated as

VIP by not obtaining physical remand. The SHO was provided a number of FIRs against accused, his father and brothers, registered in the same police Station but instead of acting as per law, he became angry and ordered the complainant to get out from his office. Police is trying to destroy the prime evidence just to save the accused and uptill now has shown partiality in the process of investigation.

Psychological problems on rise: PU VC STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Punjab University Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Mujahid Kamran has said that increase in difficulties of people is affecting their hearts and minds due to which psychological problems are on the rise. He was addressing the inaugural ceremony of new building of Centre for Clinical Psychology near Sheikh Zayed Islamic Centre, New Campus here on Friday. Centre for Clinical Psychology’s Director Prof Dr Rukhsana Kausar, former chairperson Prof Dr Rafia Hassan, Dean Prof Dr Liaqat Ali, President Pakistan Association for Clinical Psychologists Prof Dr Nashi Khan, Secretary Academic Staff Association Javed Sami, RO-II Malik Muhammad Zaheer, heads of various de- LAHORE: Punjab University VC Prof Dr Mujahid Kamran inaugurating new building for Centre of Clinical Psycholpartments, faculty members ogy near Sheikh Zayed Islamic Centre. and a large number of students were present on the occasion.

CM briefed on setting up Neurological, Spine Institute STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —World-renowned neurosurgeon Dr. Asif Bashir met Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif at Model Town. Provincial Health Minister Khalil Tahir Sindhu, Secretary Health and senior officers were also present on the occasion. Dr. Asif Bashir gave a briefing to the Chief Minister about the importance of establishment of neurological and spine institute. The Chief Minister directed the authorities concerned to consider establishment of a neurological and spine institute in Punjab. He said that Dr. Asif Bashir should formulate recommendations for a viable project with the consultation of Punjab Health Department. Shahbaz Sharif also directed that a report be presented to him after considering launching of Punjab Neurological and Spine Institute as a pilot project.

Modern floods warning system installed STAFF REPORTER LAHORE —Director General Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) Syed Mehboob Rizwan, while presiding over a high level meeting, has said that modern floods warning system has been installed at two places, at a cost of rupees one crore, in district DG Khan, for prevention of floods disaster. As a result of installation of this new flood alert system, flood warning could be issued 10 days before the possibility of floods, which will enable the authorities to take preventive steps in order to save a large area from devastation. He said DCOs of all districts have initiated implementation of floods plan, while emergency-based arrangements have been completed to ensure drainage of monsoon rain waters.

LHC calls report on measures for combating load-shedding during Ramazan STAFF REPORTER

LAHORE—The Lahore High Court on Friday has sought reply from the federal government on measures for controlling load shedding during holy month of Ramazan. Chief Justice of Lahore High Court Umar Ata Bandial heard the case. During case proceeding,

petitioner’s lawyer told court that government seems helpless to tackle electricity load shedding issue. Uniform load shedding isn’t being carried out in the country, the lawyer said. On this, Justice Umar Ata Bandial questioned that what measures have been taken to control load shedding during the holy month

of Ramzan. He stated that government should take practical steps to deal with the issue. In this regard, the court sought reply from the federal government and adjourned hearing of the till 11th of next month. Meanwhile, the Lahore High Court sought reply from Punjab government and sec-

retary Health on an application against deaths caused by measles. Justice Muhammad Khalid Mehmood Khan passed the orders on a civil miscellaneous application filed by Judicial Activism Panel, a public interest litigation firm, in a pending petition against measles outbreak.