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Month-long emergency in Egypt CAIRO—Egyptian President from protests and violence that on charges related to deadly riMohamed Mursi declared a month-long state of emergency in three cities on the Suez Canal, where dozens of people have been killed in protests that have swept the nation and deepened a political crisis facing the Islamist leader. Hundreds of demonstrators in Port Said, Suez and Ismailia turned out against the decision within moments of Mursi’s announcement late on Sunday, which came after the death toll

STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—President Asif

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Tehrik Hazara sit-in before parliament tomorrow ISLAMABAD—Tehrik Suba Hazara would hold a sit-in in front of Parliament House on January 30 (Wednesday). This was announced by Chairman of Tehrik Suba Hazara, Baba Haider Zaman while talking to the media. He asked the government to form a commission for Hazara province without wasting further time. “If government turns deaf ear to this genuine demand, then countrywide civil disobedience movement would be started”, Baba threatened. He said that a referendum might be conducted in Hazara, which would prove that 99 percent people of the region want their own province. He said that if the Tehrik launched long march towards Islamabad, he would not be seated in separate bomb proof bunker, but he would prefer to sit with the people.—Agencies

Pak to get US surveillance P3C Orion this year ISLAMABAD—Pakistan is expected to receive maritime surveillance P3C Orion aircraft from the United States this year. This has been stated by Pakistan’s ambassador to the United States Sherry Rehman‚ who has been meeting with top American officials in Washington as part of efforts to restore full range of bilateral ties. She said both the civil and defense cooperation between the two sides is gaining momentum. Sherry Rehman also held a meeting with visiting Vice Chief the Naval Staff Vice Admiral Muhammad Shafique in Washington. Pakistan’s Vice Chief of the Naval Staff Vice Admiral Muhammad Shafique discussed matters related to ongoing cooperation between Pakistani

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oting at a soccer match last year. Mourners at Sunday’s funerals in the port, where guns are common, directed their anger at Mursi. Violence in Egypt’s cities has extended to a fifth day. Police fired volleys of teargas at dozens of youths hurling stones on Monday near Cairo’s Tahrir Square, where opponents have camped for weeks to protest against Mursi, who they say betrayed the revolution

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NAB Chairman at threshold of resignation

President chairs PPP core body meeting Ali Zardari chaired a meeting of the core group of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) at the President House on Monday. The meeting was attended by Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf, former premier Yusuf Raza Gilani, Mian Manzoor Wattoo, PPP Punjab leadership and other senior leaders of the party. The meeting discussed key issues such as the resignation by NAB chairman, constitution of new provinces, the upcom-

erupted last week hit 49. Mursi also called for a national dialogue with his rivals for later on Monday, but the early response from members of the main opposition coalition suggested they saw little point, saying the president only seemed to listen to his allies. Most deaths have been in Port Said, where 40 were killed in just two days. Riots were sparked on Saturday when a court sentenced to death several people from the city

ISLAMABAD: Defence Minister of Afghanistan, General Bismillah Khan Mohammadi called on President Asif Ali Zardari at Aiwan-e-Sadr on Monday.

Memogate case: SC issues notice to Interior Secretary

Pak values its ties with Kabul: Zardari

Signals Haqqani to be forced on homecoming

Bismillah, Kayani discuss security issue

I SLAMABAD —The Supreme Jamali, Justice Khilji Arif US intervention to avert a pos- ISLAMABAD—Afghan Defence Court on Monday issued a notice to the Interior Secretary and directed him to explain why Husain Haqqani and his counsel had not been informed over security measures to be taken for the former ambassador. A nine-member bench of apex court headed by Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry and comprising Justice Nasirul Mulk, Justice Jawwad S. Khwaja, Justice Anwar Zaheer

Hussain, Justice Tariq Pervez, Justice Aijaz Afzal Khan, Justice Gulzar Ahmed and Justice Sheikh Azmat Saeed was hearing the case pertaining to controversy revolving around the memo scandal after the judicial commission constituted by the Supreme Court had held that Haqqani was the originator and architect of the memorandum sent to former US military chief Admiral Mike Mullen seeking

sible overthrow of the civilian government by the military. During the hearing, the chief justice said every Pakistani citizen was obligated to follow the directives issued by the country’s courts. Haqqani’s counsel, Asma Jahangir, said regardless of the court’s directives, she could not bring her client back to Pakistan. Responding to which, the

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Baldia fire case

Unconstitutional caretaker setup

SHC issues notices to PM’s PS, others

Senator Rabbani senses conspiracy STAFF REPORTER

STAFF REPORTER

ISLAMABAD—Pakistan People’s

KARACHI—The Sindh High Party (PPP) leader Senator Raza Court (SHC) on Monday issued notices to Ayub Qazi, the Principal Secretary to Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf, and others for Feb 14 for allegedly interfering in the Baldia factory fire case. A local NGO had filed a petition in the court requesting it to take notice of interference from Prime Minister Ashraf in the Baldia factory fire case and had asked the SHC to declare the alleged intrusion as illegal. The case filed against the owners of fire-struck garment factory in Karachi’s Baldia Town was withdrawn on the prime minister’s discretion, State Minister for Finance Salim Mandviwalla had said on Jan 23. The petitioner argued that the prime minister had acted in violation of the Constitution and the

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Rabbani alleged on Monday that a conspiracy was being hatched to set up an unconstitutional caretaker government for the next two to three years. He added that any steps taken to dissolve the

Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) would also be against the constitution. Speaking to reporters in Islamabad, Rabbani said that there was no other way to remove any member of the election commission other than through the process detailed in the Constitu-

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ECP to re-verify 45pc electoral lists 3-day sit-in ends OBSERVER REPORT K ARACHI —Chief Election Commissioner Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim Monday assured over half a dozen politico-religious parties demanding verification of the voter lists under Army’s vigil

that the 45 percent electoral rolls verified so far would be re-verified in the city. Also, he said the personnel from Pakistan Army would accompany the ECP officials in their door-to-door visit to verify

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Minister Bismillah Khan called on President Asif Ali Zardari in Islamabad Monday and discussed matters regarding defence cooperation and war on terror. Khan is leading a delegation from Afghanistan. Talking to him‚ President Zardari said Pakistan gives importance to its ties with Afghanistan. Bismillah Khan said his country wants to promote defence relations with Pakistan. Afghan delegation is on a fiveday official visit to boost counterterrorism cooperation between the two countries

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Justice (R) Javed Iqbal likely to be appointed Federal Ombudsman

ISLAMABAD—The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources is going to pitch summary in the ECC that is to meet with Dr Hafeez A Sheikh seeking the annulment of the bidding held so far for $ 24 billion project to import LNG of 400 mmcfd and the permission to start the bidding process afresh

2004, “bids submitted after the time prescribed shall be rejected and returned without being opened”, Dr Asim said. Likewise, the Pakistan Gas Port raised objections over bid bond submitted by Global Energy saying it was not in line exchange rules of the State Bank of Pakistan. The adviser said under section 30 of the PPRA rules, the rate of exchange shall be the

ISLAMABAD—Expressing reservations over the role of the Supreme Court, NAB Chairman Fasih Bukhari has said he would resign if his concerns were not addressed, according to a report by private television channel. The statement was made in a letter, sent to President Zardari. He said that pressure was built up on NAB by giving verbal orders and contempt notices, adding that the apex court didn’t even provide sufficient time to implement its orders. Fasih Bokhari further said that he cannot ensure impartiality under this constant pressure from the Supreme Court. He objected to the judicial proceedings into Kamran Faisal and tax defaulters’ cases while in

Ogra case, he termed the SC orders to file references against politicians as an act of pre-poll rigging. Bokhari’s letter came to fore over a week after one of NAB’s

NAB prosecutor general not satisfied with SC bench STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The National Accountability Bureau’s Prosecutor General, K K Agha, on Monday expressed his lack of confidence on the bench hearing the case concerning the death of NAB investigator

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PML-N to restore Bahawalpur province at any cost: Shahbaz, Nisar

investigators in the rental power projects case allegedly committed suicide. It further stated that a section of the media was trying to defame the bureau’s chairman, adding that this section may also have some relation to a stay order over its taxes. In the letter, Bokhari suggested that the so-called media campaign against him may be an attempt to please the apex court and alleged that it was resulting in pressurising him. The NAB is currently embroiled in the RPP case in which the prime minister is among the accused. The matter took on complications after Kamran Faisal, one of the bureau’s investigators delegated to the probe, allegedly committed suicide on

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Nawaz rejects provinces on ethnicity basis SALIM AHMED LAHORE—PML-N President

Nawaz Sharif Monday LAHORE—The Pakistan Mus- forthcoming elections. Chaudhry Mian said that his party would not Nisar Ali Khan said creation of

Javed Iqbal is likely to be appointed Federal Ombudsman. A summary in this regard has been forwarded to the President House. The federal govt has appointed Suleman Farooqi as Federal Ombudsman for two months and now his tenure has expired. The government is now mulling to appoint Justice (Retd) Javed Iqbal who had been chairman of the Abbottabad Commission, while he also had an active part in the commission formed for recovery of missing persons. In this regard a summary has been forwarded to the Presidency and after consultations with constitutional and legal experts President Asif Ali Zardari would make a final decision in this regard, sources said.—Online

Step aims at ensuring transparency as two of three bids were found non responsive and full of discrepancies. According to the officials at Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources, one of the bidders Pakistan Gas Port Limited had submitted the bid after the cutoff time that was objected to by another bidder Global Energy International. Under section 28 of the Public Procurement Rules

STAFF REPORTER

lim League-Nawaz (PML-N) ISLAMABAD —Justice (Retd) Monday pledged that it will re- new province is not only a joke accept the creation of new provinces in Punjab on the ba-

ECC likely to allow re-bidding for $ 24b project to import LNG ALI SYED

Officials facing pressure: Fasih to Zardari

selling rate, prevailing on the date of opening of bids specified in the bidding documents, as notified by the SBP on that day”. The third bidder Engro Terminal Pakistan Limited objected over both the bids coming from Pakistan Gas Port and Global Energy. Mainly because

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store the previous status of Bahawalpur province at any cost. This was stated during a joint press conference addressed by Chief Minister Punjab Shahbaz Sharif and opposition leader in the National Assembly Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan on Monday. Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif criticised the PPP-led coalition government on the issue of creation of new province. He said that Bahawalpur city would be the provincial capital of the province. Shahbaz Sharif said it is another trick of the PPP and ‘Zardari gang’ to postpone the

MPA disqualified over fake degree STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Lahore High Court (LHC) has declared Pakistan Muslim League- Q (Forward Bloc) member of Punjab Assembly, Khalid Mehmood Sargana disqualified for holding a fake degree. Khalid Mehmood was elected member provincial assembly from PP-78 (Jhang-VI). Muhammad Umer, a voter from his constituency, had challenged Sargana’s degree in LHC. The court declared him unqualified after the degree proved fake.

but would also disintegrate Punjab province. He recalled that the Parliamentary Commission on new provinces in Punjab was given a mandate to form two provinces and a resolution was also passed in the Provincial Assembly of Punjab unanimously in this regard. He said that the inclusion of Bhakkar and Mianawali cities are also unconstitutional. He strongly criticized the PPP government and President Asif Ali Zaradri and said Chairman of the Commission Senator Farhatullah Babar is the staff

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sis of ethnicity or hatred. Speaking at party’s consultative meeting here in Lahore, Nawaz Sharif backed the creation of new provinces in line with a resolution passed by the provincial assembly. He said that Punjab’s division should be carried out on administrative basis. The federal government, he felt, was chanting the slogan of Punjab’s division on political grounds. Bahawalpur province is the voice of people, he commented.

Imran dissatisfied with EC performance LAHORE—Chairman, Pakistan man said that Election CommisTehreek-e-Insaf (PTI), Imran sion should enforce electoral Khan says do not PPP and PML- laws uncompromisingly. He expressed dissatisfaction over the performance of the Election Commission. The PTI Chairman said the caretaker Prime Minister should not have any political affiliation. An impartial person enjoying a national consensus should be appointed as head of caretaker administration. Imran Khan said Asma Jahangir is not acceptable as caretaker Prime Minister to his party. Federal and provincial governments were indulging in prepoll rigging by allocating develN are two parties which follow opment funds to MNAs and MPAs. Rejecting the issue of new rules and regulations of ECP. Addressing a news confer- provinces as an election stunt ence in Lahore, the PTI ChairContinued on Page 7


Nephew kills aunt, 17 injured in bus overturn

S Korea, UoP ink MoU for students exchange STAFF REPORTER P E S H AWA R —Pyeongtaek University South Korea and University of Peshawar (UoP) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), on Monday, which will facilitate exchange of two students, at least from each university per academic year. The MoU to remain effective for five years was signed by Vice Chancellor UoP Prof Dr Muhammad Rasul Jan and Dr Yoon Jong Yoo, Dean of Pyeongtaek University on behalf of Dr Ki Hung Cho, the President Pyeongtaek University Korea. The agreement would take effect immediately and the first batch of two students from UoP will leave from next month to pursue their master degree program in the Korean University. The exchange of students under this agreement may

have duration of one academic year which can be extended up to two years if deemed necessary, reads the J HANG —A Nephew killed MoU. While during the time his aunt with a dagger over a this agreement is in force, domestic dispute in village both institutions agree to, Chanda on Monday. Accordreview annually, the number ing to police sources, the of students sent and redeceased was identified as ceived and will attempt to Subhan Khatoon. Police maintain a balanced number have registered a case against on both sides, said the visthe accused. iting Korean Dean on occaQuetta: At least 17 comsion. muters were injured when a The students would be speedy passenger coach provided with fee waiver in overturned near Bolan area tuition fee and free of cost of Kachhi district late Sunboarding facilties in the host day night. According to poUniversity, said the focal lice, Quetta-bound passenperson from UoP Dr. ger coach from Sadiqabad Badshah Munir on the ocwas on its way when it turned casion. The Vice Chancellor turtle due to over-speeding. appreciated the enhanced Resultantly, 17 passengers interactions and exchange received wounds. of students with Korean The injured were shifted Universities. He added the agreements would help in ISLAMABAD: Hiroshi OE, Ambassador of Japan to Pakistan exchanging documents after signing ceremony at the to Quetta based hospital. Police have registered a taking benefits from exper- Embassy of Japan. case. Meanwhile, unknown tise in research available in gunmen shot dead a man at both the countries. Alfaisal Chowk area of Khuzdar district on Mon-

EU provides Rs1.43 b for KP education

Cold, dry weather to continue

I SLAMABAD —Weather will sugarcane, corn, sunflower remain cold and dry during next 24 hours in most parts of the country, PTV reported quoting Meteorological Department. According to the report, although cold and dry weather will prevail in most parts of the country, the weather will be cloudy in upper areas of the country. It further said, at isolated places of Kashmir, GilgitBaltistan and Malakand Division, rain will fall and mountains will receive snowfall. Chief Meteorologist, Dr Ghulam Rasool said Monday that moderate rains would hit upper parts of the country in next month. Light to moderate rains are likely to start in the beginning of the month, especially February 3-4 in Upper Punjab, Upper Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit Baltistan and Kashmir. The westerly weather system will approach Balochistan on January 31 (Thursday) and extend to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab in the next few days and will bring good rains. He said January remained cold and dry which was good for the crops including wheat,

as it stopped the growth of these crops, giving these a sufficient time to spread roots and stems and increase pro-

I SLAMABAD —Japan is pro- grants will assist the Mater- hope that the provision of Euro, (equivalent to approxi-

duction. The consistent cold and dry spell stops the growth of the crops and the plants start spreading their roots, Dr Ghulam Rasool said. The wheat crop is at the stage of growing spikes when the crop required sufficient rain for growth and the rainy days of February will be blessing for the growth of the crops especially wheat, he said. Dr Ghulam Rasool said moderate snowfall is likely at the hilly areas in the next month. According to the Met Office, the weather will remain cold and dry in Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan, Sindh, gilgit Baltistan and Kashmir during the next 24 hours.—APP

Wedding turns into tragedy OUR CORRESPONDENT CHISHTIAN —A woman was killed when she tried to pacify a family dispute here Monday. According to details, during a wedding ceremony quarrel erupted between a husband and wife, Shameem Ijaz a relative of the couple interrupted to pacify the

Japan grants $245,833 for social uplift in Faisalabad

day. Police said that the victim identified as Muhammad Jamal was on way home when armed assailants riding a motorbike opened fire on him and fled from the scene. As a result, he received multiple bullet wounds and died on the spot. The body of the deceased was handed over to the heirs after legal formalities. The reason behind the killing could not be ascertained. Police have registered a case. Earlier, a 20-year-old person committed suicide after domestic dispute in Usta Muhammad area of Jaffarabad district. Police said on Monday that Qurban Siyal opened fire at himself with a pistol over domestic dispute. As a result, he died on the spot. Police handed over the body to the heirs after legal formalities.—APP

situation between her brother-in- law and his wife during which she was hit by a bullet, fired with the intention to kill the wife. She died on the spot, while the accused managed to escape from the spot. Police handed over the body to the family after medico-legal formalities and registered a case.

viding a financial support of $245,833 (approx. Rs. 24 million) to two Pakistani Non Government Organization (NGOs) to improve the quality of maternal health and social welfare services respectively in Faisalabad. The two NGOs include St Raphael’s Hospital (US$ 123,000) and Tanzeem-al-Lissan (US$ 122,833), said a statement issued by the Japan embassy here on Monday. The agreements in this regard were signed here on Monday between Hiroshi OE, Ambassador of Japan to Pakistan and the heads of the two organizations. The

nity Hospital and the intellectually challenged children Institution to expand their facilities and to equip themselves with essential furniture or medical equipment. It is expected that nearly 4,700 patients will receive improved medical care every year and nearly 250 intellectually challenged children will benefit from this assistance. At the signing ceremony, Ambassador Oe stressed that improving medical and health services, especially for women and children, is one of the priorities in Japan’s assistance policy towards Pakistan. He also expressed his

better medical services in the project areas would contribute to uplifting the health status of the communities in Faisalabad, and further strengthening the existing friendly relations between the people of Japan and Pakistan. Meanwhile, the European Union (EU) has released 11 million Euro (equivalent to PKR1.43 billion) to the government of Pakistan as the third tranche of its sector budget support for the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Education Sector Reforms Programme (KPESRP). The overall sector budget support for the KPK province amounts to 33 million

mately Rs4.28 billion) for a five year period ending in 2013. The KP-ESRP sector budget support is provided as part of the European Union’s contribution to the education sector in Pakistan. The overall objective of the European Union’s contribution to KPESRP is to contribute to the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Education Reforms agenda, aiming at accelerating human development by improving delivery of education services. The programme seeks to improve the capacity at school, district and provincial levels to deliver quality education services in an equitable way.—APP

39 killed, 21 injured in political violence in one week I SLAMABAD —Twenty-seven dent. Though the number of and an operative of a banned Balochistan, two militants political violence incidents between January 19 and 25 claimed 39 lives and injured 21 others across the country. Just as it was in the preceding week, civilians remained the major target constituting 63% of the total victims followed by security forces (30%) and militants (7%). The incidents showed a similar pattern as last week with Sindh reporting the most incidents (19) and KhyberPakhtunkhwa four. In addition, three incidents were reported in Balochistan and one from the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Punjab and GilgitBaltistan reported no inci-

incidents increased from last week’s 24 to 27, the death toll dropped from 45 to 39. Moreover, the number of injured also decreased from 74 to 21. Sindh saw the most killings (31) with Balochistan (5), FATA (2) and KhyberPakhtunkhwa (1) following. On the other hand nine people including three security personnel were injured in Sindh and another nine security men wounded in FATA. Three people also got injured in Balochistan, two of them reported to be militants. Most attacks (19) targeted civilians, followed by four aimed at security forces. In Balochistan, a commander

Swat linemen promoted

group were killed and two others wounded in a targeted operation conducted by security forces in Mastung. In Charsadda district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, a public school was blown up while three CD shops and two buses of a private school were destroyed in Peshawar and Swabi respectively. In the reporting week 10 target killing incidents claimed 16 lives while eight terrorism incidents left 10 people dead and 19 others injured. Those killed included seven security personnel and three civilians. Sectarian violence took another six lives. In

NAB distributes Rs 3.524 m among Hajj scam victims

STAFF REPORTER

STAFF REPORTER

P E S H AWA R —The

were killed and as many injured in a counter-terrorism incident. Moreover, in Karachi, five people including three MQM workers and two PML-N candidates were killed in three incidents. The most lethal tactic was the use of guns/firearms in 21 incidents that HYDERABAD: Peasants of Umerkot recovered from a private jail of their landlords sit on a truck outside High Court. killed 33 people.—INP

Pakistan on right track to get rid of polio virus type 3 I SLAMABAD —Head of the “Pakistan Polio Eradication Initiative at WHO Pakistan Dr Elias Durry has said that Pakistan is on the track to get rid of polio virus type 3 (P3), According to the WHO, type 2 strain of the polio virus (P2) has been eradicated globally since 1999, Radio Pakistan reported. He said all the provinces except Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have brought down the number of polio cases significantly. “We believe that Pakistan is on the right track to become free of poliovirus type P3, as the last P3 case was reported in the Bara Tehsil in Khyber Agency in the second week of April 2012, whereas all recent sewage samples show no active transmission of the P3 strain across the country,” Dr Elias Durry said.

successfully brought down the number of cases by 71 per cent in 2012 compared to 2011. All provinces except Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have brought down the number of cases from 66 per cent to 95 per cent,” says the official. Dr Durry said last year Balochistan brought down the number of polio cases by 95 per cent, Sindh by 88 per cent, Punjab by 78 per cent and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata) by 66 per cent. “The most promising sign for Pakistan during the last year was a massive decrease in the number of polio cases during the high transmission season,” he said. He said the last polio case of 2012 was reported on Nov 30 and a small number of samples from last year was still pending with

the polio virology lab for evaluation. “Most likely, Pakistan is going to close its tally of 2012 polio cases at 58,” Dr Durry said. UNICEF to spend $64 mln on children, women in Pakistan: The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) has launched $14 billion appeal for children in humanitarian crisis. Out of this amount, over $64 million would be spent on children and women affected by insecurity and floods in Pakistan, Radio Pakistan reported. The fund will reach out to some 831,000 children under five who are at risk of acute malnutrition besides 178,500 having no access to life-saving curative interventions from diarrhoea and 1.5 million without access to safe water.—APP

Pesco P ESHAWAR —NAB Khyber management has promoted Pakhtunkhwa has distributed 11 linemen as Line Superina total of Rs 3.524 million tendents who have cleared among 88 affected people of their departmental promoHajj scam and cheating pubtion examination, said a relic at large here at a ceremony lease of Pesco here on Monheld on Monday with Direcday. The 11 Linemen of BPStor General NAB Col (R) 09 have been promoted as Khurshid Alam in the chair. Line Superintendents in The director general NAB BPS-11 who have passed handed over cheques to the their departmental promovictims of Hajj scam and cheattion examination and were ing public at large. The case on top of seniority list and regarding cheating public at had shown good perforlarge was related to accused mance as well. According to Nasim Nadir, Ex-MD Overnotification the 11 Linemen seas Educational Promotion of Swat Circle who have Liaison (OEPL) Peshawar, been promoted are: who on the pretext of educaMuhammad Rahim S/o Mahmood Khan DERA GHAZI KHAN: A large number of PPP workers greeting Member of National tion and employment abroad lured a number of students Muhammad Israr S/o Firdus. Assembly Sardar Saif-ud-Din Khosa on arrival at Multan Bypass. and deprived them of their hard earned money. The NAB taking cognizance of public complaints arrested the accused and succeeded to recover the looted amount. Rs. 3.674 million have already been distributed among the affected people STAFF REPORTER OUR CORRESPONDENT keep abreast our generations Doctor Anees Ahmad said while Rs 0.7 million were disabout the ideology of Paki- that Seerat Tayyaba offers tributed today. In another P ESHAWA R —The Depart- W A H C ANTT —A Seerat stan that is why our country solution of all problems of case of Hajj scam, one acment of Archaeology and Conference titled ‘Present Era has fallen a prey to religious this era and by following it cused namely Muhammad we can find prosperity. The Ashfaq Khan looted pilgrims Museums, Khyber & Seerat-ul-Nabi’ held at POF hatred & sectarianism. He further remarked that purpose of Islamic economy on the pretext of sending them Pakhtunkhwa during excava- under the auspices of POF tion has discovered relics of administration in which it was the need of hour to tell is not to add wealth but it to perform Hajj on cheaper Buddhist era at Aziz Dheri, prominent religious scholars the youth about two-nation should be spent for the wel- rates, Rs 100,000 only. The of the country participated. theory & it should be dis- fare of human beings. district Swabi. NAB arrested the accused In the concluding remarks and distributed the recovered The important relic Lt Gen Muhammad Ahsan seminated through media & amongst the discoveries is Mahmood, HI (M) was the educational institutions. Ad- Lt Gen Muhammad Ahsan amount among 28 affected the Stupa of Buddhist era. chief guest while Maulana dressing the participants of Mahmood, HI (M) said that people. According to a press release Muhammad Rafi Usmani pre- conference Allama Kokab Seerat Tayyaba is the guideAddressing the cerof the Department of Archae- sided over the conference. Nourani said that the only line for us till the end of this emony DG NAB (KP) advised ology and Museums, the im- Addressing on this occasion solution for positive change world. POF Chairman further the affected people to be vigiportance of this Stupa is rec- Maulana Rafi Usmani said in the society rests upon remarked that Holy Quran and lant and check credentials of ognized as holy and respect- that Pakistan was achieved practical implementation of Sunnat Nabvi are complete such investment companies able in Buddhism. The Stupa on the name of Islam but it is Seerat-ul-Nabi, which is the codes of life and there would before handing over them ABBOTTABAD: Jeeps are on the way during 4th Commissioner Hazara Snow Adventure Cross Jeep Rally in Bakot. unfortunate that we failed to only source of our salvation. be no change in this theory. their hard earned money. is surrounded by statues.

KP discovers Buddhist era Stupa in Swabi

We failed to instil Pakistan ideology in youth: Usmani


CM to distribute solar lamps BAHAWALPUR —Chief Min- Hasilpur and Vocational

PTI demand unconstitutional I SLAMABAD —Pakistan People Party MNA, Mehreen Anwar Raja has said that PTI Chairman Imran Khan’s demand regarding the resignation of the President before the elections is unconstitutional. Talking to Radio Pakistan, she said that Asif Ali Zardari is a constitutional President, and the promoter of reconciliation policy, which has been observed by the whole world. Mehreen Anwar Raja said that these demands are unconstitutional during a time when the general elections are near and the government is completing its five years democratic term. Earlier, talking to a private television channel, she said that democratically elected government would not get any dictation from non political elements which hold the dual nationality. She commented that the people who attains dual nationality have no Constitutional right to criticize the democratically elected representatives. She said “It is due to the democratic governments that country acquired nuclear weapons, missile system and strong defence against the enemy. Replying to a query, she replied that election would be conducted in time. She added that conspiracy against the democratic process would not be accepted. She said that President Asif Ali Zardari has assured to conduct free, fair and transparent elections to strengthen democratic institutions in the country. Mehreen Anwar Raja viewed that the elements who are using religion for the sake of politics and holding the agenda of foreign forces wanted to de-stabilize the country. She said during war on terrorism, and natural catastrophes these people were not seen here who are now talking about welfare of the state. Replying to another question, she said that PPP government is not under pressure from public gathering.—APP

Bacha Khan devoted life to peace Staff Reporter

PESHAWAR—Federal Minister for Railways, Ghulam Ahmed Bilour, while paying tributes to Fakhr-e-Pakhtoons Khan Abdul Ghafar Khan alias Bacha Khan and ANP former President Abdul Wali Khan on their death anniversaries said their dynamic leadership had left lasting imprints on the country’s politics. Addressing a function of party workers on Monady at Town Hall in Mardan district organized in connection with death anniversaries of Bacha Khan and Wali Khan, Ghulam Ahmed Bilour said Bacha Khan was a towering personality of 20th Century who had not only saved Pakthoons nation during British Imperialism but also politically awakened them about their legal, constitutional and democratic rights. He said Bacha Khan was a great freedom fighter, hero of independence movement, Champions of Pakthoons rights and ambassador of peace. He said Bacha Khan had devoted his life for a peaceful society and socio-economic emancipation of people and Pakthoon nation. On the other hand, he said Rehbar e Tahrik, Abdul Wali Khan being a true follower had carried forward the legacy of his illustrious father Bacha Khan and devoted his life for socio-economic uplift of downtrodden and poor people and establishment of undiluted democracy in the country. He said the best tributes to these legendary leaders are to shun violence and stand united for restoration of durable peace, tolerance. He said Bacha Khan non violent philosophy was direly felt today than before. The Minister said no one can ignore the services and sacrifices rendered by Awami National Party leadership and workers for maintenance of peace and development of people of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

ister Punjab Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif will distribute solar lamps and laptops among students here today.

According to official sources, the Chief Minister will distribute laptops and solar lamps among students of various institutions of the district including The Islamia University Bahawalpur, Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Government Technology College, Danish School

Training Institute Ahmadpur East. Earlier, addressing the Toppers Convention-2012 at Alhamra Cultural Complex on December 19, the chief minister said that Punjab government was distributing free of cost solar lamps among boy and girl students at a cost of Rs4.5 billion to enable them continue their studies during power outages. He said that distribution of 250,000 solar lamps was a slap on the face of federal government which had pushed the nation into darkness. Shahbaz said that Punjab government had utilised unprecedented funds for the development of education sector and equipped the youth with the latest knowledge. Shahbaz said that for the first time in the 65 years’ history of the country, the Punjab government evolved a welfare programme like this for the talented students.—APP QUETTA: Activists of Teachers Rights Association stage a sit-in to press for of their demands at Hockey Chowk.

Governor awards PhD degrees to 200 graduates

Kausar: Modern education key to socio-economic uplift STAFF REPORTER PESHAWAR—The 14th Convocation of University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar was held on Monday here at the Convocation Hall of Peshawar University to commemorate the academic accomplishments of students of engineering and technology. Governor/ Chancellor Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, Barrister Masood Kausar graced the occasion with his presence and conferred degrees on graduating students of postgraduate (Ph.D. and Masters), and undergraduate

programs. In total, 750 students were awarded degrees. Under B.Sc. engineering programs; 650 students were awarded degrees while 97 M.Sc. while 3 Ph.D students were also awarded degrees in civil engineering and architecture. Eleven gold medals and two presidential awards were also conferred who achieved top positions. These included Mir Eitezaz Abbas, Electrical Engineering, Hazrat Bilal, Mining Engineering, Muhammad Fahad Khan, Mechanical Engineering, Khawar Naeem, Industrial Engineering, Farrukh

Shehzad, Chemical Engineering, Muhammad Umar, Civil Engineering, Aurangzeb, Computer Systems Engineering, Kausar Mahmoud, BS Computer Science, Muhammad Qasim Rauf, Electronic Engineering, Syed Zahid Shah, Computer Software Engineering and Maria Rehman, Telecommunication Engineering. While speaking as chief guest the Chancellor congratulated the graduates and their parents on their marvelous achievements and said that the future of our country is dependent the way we

educate and groom them to understand the real challenges of environment. He urged faculty and teachers to present practical ideas for effective roads and Flyover plan of Peshawar. The first three best ideas would be given cash award and submitted to legislative authorities for approval.” This is how your knowledge will be transferred into practice”. He also announced cash prize of Rs.10000/- to Asad Irfan, student of 4th Semester Electrical Engineering Department for reciting verses of Quran the occasion.

Practical cooperation inevitable for Swat peace STAFF REPORTER P E S H AWA R —Operational Commander Mingora Brig. Abid Latif Monday said peace has restored in Swat after great sacrifices and public cooperation with security forces and Pak Army is must to ensure it permanent. He said that Pak army is taking pragmatic measures to ensure peace and stability and committed to protecting “Village Defence Committees”. He urged the citizen to keep eye on suspicious persons as militants are trying to carry out activities in the area. Brig. Abid Latif said that Pak Army has time and again foiled malicious de-

signs of militants however, the citizens should have to cooperate with security forces to strengthen the security measures. On the occasion, he distributed Rs. 10,000 cheques each among 16 skilled persons who completed their technical training from Mishal. He also handed over Rs. 0.378 million cheque on behalf of GOC Swat Major General Ghulam Qamar to head of a Village Defence Committee for development work in Charbagh. He also gave Rs. 0.2 million cheques each among bereaved families of Shaheed Sardar Khan and Tajam Gul who were martyred in Tehsil Charbagh.

Methane gas leak claims 8 lives in Balochistan Q UETTA —A toxic methane were fell unconscious.

Bahawalpur province ahead before elections ISLAMABAD—Federal minister for political affairs senator Maula Bukhsh Chandio Monday assured Bhawalpur Janoobi Punjab (BJP) province would be created before general elections if the opposition did not hinder its creation. While criticizing the opposition, he told APP that PML (N) was trying to manipulate the situation for point-scoring and gaining political milage in coming general elections. That was why it was applying all possible delaying tactics on the issue and deprived the people of Southern Punjab of their legal rights. FAISALABAD: Member of National Assembly Begum Khalida Mansoor cutting ribbon Chandio reminded that Bhawalpur province was suggested to inaugurate PML-N women wing office at Manan Town. by the PML (N) while the people of Southern Punjab were talking about Seraiki province. At the moment, PML(N) was of the view that no more formation of provinces should be made on linguistic basis. When the issue is almost settled down by the Parliamentary Committee on the new provinces, PML (N) has come up with novel excuses to delay its implementaion. It has started defamation campaign against PPP government without any logical reasons. PPP led government sincerely wanted to fulfill demand of the people of Southern Punjab and was striving policy dialogue on “Peace Khan Trust Education FounSTAFF REPORTER hard to create BJP province before the general elections and Human Rights Educa- dation Khadim Hussain, Expolls, he said. He lauded the parliamentary commission on P ESHAWAR —The partici- tion” here on Monday. The ecutive Director PEAD Founnew provinces to take up the issue on priority and ex- pants of a policy dialogue event was organized by dation Sameena Imtiaz, relpected to finalize it as soon as possible. Pakistan People’s here Monday underlined the Peace Education and Devel- evant stakeholders and repParty leader and Peoples’ Youth Organisation Secretary need for re-shaping of edu- opment Foundation (PEAD) resentatives from minorities General Sheikh Abdul Hamid has said the party is hon- cational system by enabling in partnership with UNESCO and civil society also atestly working for “Bahawalpur Southern Punjab” prov- it to cater modern day needs as a part of the ongoing ad- tended the policy dialogue. ince and the PML- N is not sincere with people of the area. of the society. Realizing key vocacy campaign for educa- In her opening remarks In a statement on Sunday, he hoped the PPP would win issues of the area such as tion sector reforms. The event Sameena Imtiaz, Executive upcoming elections as they knew it respected the will of lack of cohesion, harmony was aimed to assist govern- Director PEAD, said it has the people. He said members of other political parties were and tolerance, the speakers ment to point out and elimi- been observed that inter and joining the PPP after realising the pro-people attitude of said it is the call of the day to nate the major shortcomings intra departmental coordinathe party, adding that more people were expected to join re-shape the education sys- in our education system. tion of relevant authorities is the party soon.—APP Deputy Director Elemen- too weak due to which major tem of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to enhance the quality of tary and Secondary Educa- issues could not be adlearning as well as turn it into tion Farid Khattak, Director dressed so far. Students character building must She said education a force for social cohesion Coordination ESRU Hamid Staff Reporter Navid, Deputy Director Dishould be directed towards and development. PESHAWAR—The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa These views were ex- rectorate of Education Fata full development of the huAssembly Speaker, Kirmatullah Khan Shehanshah, Director Bacha man personality. here Monday stressed on teachers com- pressed by participants at a munity to give special focus on character building of students and utilize all their energies to equip them with ornament of quality education. “Teaching is a highly respectable profession and is recognized is the most noble job in world over,” he said, adding teachers impart food items in addition to astraining to students on different spec- I SLAMABAD —World Food programme. It also includes vehicles, sisting the food insecure trum of life and great responsibilities lied on their shoul- Programme (WFP) has proders to work for establishment of a peaceful, progressive vided medical equipment laptop computers, scanners population. He said WFP has also and tolerant society. The Speaker expressed these views worth Rs. 16.2 million to and printers for health deduring a function organized by the recently promoted PST Balochistan to ensure partment staff, he said. The trained over 1,400 staff of teachers at ADO Matra Govt Primary School Darmangi on implementation of its nutri- official said food security health department and NGO Monday. ADO Circle Mathra Salim Aafaqi, Ex Nazim tion programme in letter and situation and malnutrition partners in managing supplechildren and mentary feeding under the Darmangi Shmas Albari and recently promoted teachers spirit. The current supply of amongst attended. He said PPP was the party of farmers, labourers, equipment includes blood women in particular is criti- ongoing Community based poor and downtrodden masses and was pursuing a vigor- pressure apparatus, deliv- cal in Pakistan and added Management of Acute Malous policy for their socio-economic uplift. Kirmatullah ery tables, oxygen cylin- during this year, the WFP nutrition (CMAM) intervenKhan said Benazir Bhutto Shaheed had devoted life for ders, infant scales, and fur- plans to invest in nutrition tion and in commodity maneconomic empowerment of women and girls education and niture for patients and staff. to help overcome the prob- agement. WFP’s nutrition asked teachers to focus on promotion of female educa- An official at WFP lem. He said as part of its activities are carried out in tion. He said the government takes special interest in pro- Islamabad on Monday said commitment to strengthen partnership with the Health motion girls education and established Benazir Ist Women the equipment will be used capacity of the government, Department of Balochistan, University, Girls Degree College, Girls Higher Secondary at basic health facilities in WFP has been supporting UNICEF and other NGOs institutions under the recovery phase of School, Girls Degree College Chagar Mati in PK-7 Peshawar the province where WFP national implements its nutrition through the supply of non- 2010 and 2012 floods.—APP reflecting our Pro-Govt education policies.

Re-shaping of educational system stressed

gas leakage on Monday killed eight coalminers and two others were fell unconscious in Duki area of Loralai district, Levies Forces sources said. Levy official said that 10 labourers were working on opening up space to reach a coal deposit inside the 1200 feet deep local coalmine in Duki area of Balochistan when methane gas accumulated. The accumulation of gas led to the killing of at least eight labourers while two others

Flu on rise OUR CORRESPONDENT SARGODHA—Flu related diseases including cough, soar throat, pneumonia and chest infection have affected a large number of people, espcially children as the ongoing cold and dry spell persists. Dr. Khalil Rana, ENT specialist at Divisional Teaching Hospital talking to APP said a large number of patients with flu related diseases were visiting the hospital every day. He said that parents should ensure that children wear warm clothes. However , he said , proper care should be taken ,particularly in case of children as sometimes over heating caused by excessive use of warm clothes also caused broblems for minors.

The local area people, soon after the incident rushed to the site, initiated rescue operation and retrieved the bodies of ill-fated miners. The injured were moved to nearby hospital. Levy official told that the deceased all belonged to Shangla area of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The names of miners included Bakht Munir, Hazrat Ali, Sameeullah, Khan Zaman, Shakir, Bakht Zaman, Hukumran and Sohrab Khan while injured as Ejaz Ali and

Sayed Mohammad. Reacting to the incident, large number of coalminers held protest against the owners of the coalminers.They alleged that despite the unabated incidents of deaths caused by the toxic gas, they did not provide safety equipment ensuring minimum life risks to the miners working in the coalmines. Later on the assurance of Assistant Commissioner Loralai, Aziz Khan Musa Khel, they dispersed. Bodies have been dispatched to the native towns of deceased.— APP

Preventive steps can help avoid migraine HYDERABAD—Eminent Neuro-physician Dr Syed Irfan Ali has underlined the need for adopting an effective strategy against increasing cases of migraine adding that the people could avoid the disease by adopting preventive measures. The migraine headache usually aggravated by daily activities such as walking upstairs leads to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, facial pallor, cold hands, cold feet, and sensitivity to light and sound commonly, he informed in a conversation here Monday. A typical attack lasts between 4 and 72 hours, he said and added that an estimated

40 percent to 60 percent of migraine attacks are preceded by warning symptoms lasting hours to days and the symptoms may include sleepiness, irritability, fatigue, depression or euphoria, yawning, and cravings for sweet or salty foods. Dr. Irfan Ali said migraine attacks commonly activate the sympathetic nervous system in the body and this system is often regarded as a part of the nervous system that controls primitive responses to stress and pain. According to Dr. Irfan the increased sympathetic nervous activity in the intestine causes nausea, vomiting.—APP

WFP to help implement Balochistan nutrition programme

SWAT: PML-N Leader Alhaj Neroz Mian speaks during a public meeting in Chaprial.


Strengthening ECP is answer

MEDIA WATCH

Spillover in Egypt

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T is a welcome development that at present all stakeholders are unani mous in their demand that the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) needs to be strengthened in every respect to fulfil its onerous responsibility of holding general elections in a genuinely free, fair and transparent manner. This resolve of the political parties, who are the main stakeholders, is manifest in the plan announced by leader of the opposition Ch Nisar Ali Khan and supported by other parties to hold a sit-in before Parliament House in Islamabad for necessary empowerment of the Commission. Fair elections mean every party gets level playing field in the process and this is possible only if the Commission has the necessary power, authority and autonomy to enforce what is envisaged in the law and the Constitution for the purpose. Credit must go to Dr Tahirul Qadri for raising awareness in this regard and now it is almost a universal demand that the ECP should be independent in the truest sense of the word. This cherished objective is deeply linked to the political and economic stability, future of democracy and peace and harmony in the country. Therefore, it is of utmost important that everything should be done to strengthen the Commission both in administrative and financial terms as well as through cooperation of the other institutions concerned. Though Dr Qadri is also talking about dissolution of the incumbent ECP and its reconstitution but this is not feasible in the constitutional scheme of things and therefore, focus should be on empowering the Commission so that it can carry out the electoral process strictly in accordance with the law and the Constitution. We are sure that if the Commission applied the relevant provisions in letter and spirit, we would have comparatively better lot in the Assemblies as against many of the corrupt, fake degree holders and dual national holders and defaulters of tax and loans and utility bills. As far as level playing field is concerned, the points raised by Ch Nisar Ali Khan on Sunday including replacement of heads of key organizations and institutions deserve to be implemented right from day one of the caretaker set up.

Right demand of separate Hazara Province W

ITH the passage of time, the demand for a separate Hazara prov ince is gaining momentum and hopefully this would culminate in realization of the legitimate aspirations of the people of the region. It augurs well that MQM Quaid Altaf Hussain has thrown his full weight behind the demand by reiterating his support for Hazara province when leader of the movement for Hazara province Baba Haider Zaman telephoned him on Sunday and sought his backing for practical steps for the purpose. The demand of people of Hazara is also supported by other mainstream political parties including PML-N, PML-Q and PPP but the most important is the 100% consensus in Hazara region for creation of a separate province. If practical moves can be initiated keeping in view the demand of people of South Punjab then there is no reason to deny the same right to people of Hazara. It is lamentable that though PPP acknowledges this right of people of Hazara but it is not willing to take concrete steps in this regard just to please the ANP that is otherwise ardent supporter of division of Punjab. Its opposition smacks of double standards, exposes its bias and makes mockery of its claims about democratic credentials. Hazara has a distinct identity in every respect and has almost nothing in common with the rest of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. Its history, culture, language and traditions are quite different to those of KPK and therefore, its people deserve to be given a separate identity as per their demand. We believe that instead of becoming Punjab-centric, the proponents of new provinces should give a sober and serious thinking to demands coming from people of other regions including Hazara, Dera Ismail Khan, Tank and Balochistan. Despite claims on the contrary, the Parliamentary Commission on new provinces in Punjab has also proceeded on linguistic and cultural basis by recommending inclusion of Mianwali and Bhakkar, bordering Attock district in the extreme corner of Punjab, in the new province. If people of South Punjab cannot access ‘Takht Lahore’ easily then how can people of Mianwali reach Multan or Bahawalpur. Shun prejudices and make decisions on merit including acceptance of the demand of people of Hazara.

Official recognition of Saffron terrorism! R

ECENT statement of Indian leaders including Home Minister, Ex ternal Affairs Minister and Home Secretary amount to official recognition of ‘Saffron Terrorism’ in that country but strangely enough the otherwise independent media of India is finding it hard to digest the reality of existence of terror camps being run by BJP and RSS. This attitude of the Indian press is quite contrary to what it has been demonstrating towards Pakistan not only on issues relating to incidents of terrorism like Mumbai attacks and so-called infiltration in Occupied Kashmir but also on the issue of rising tension on the Line of Control (LoC) that has been triggered by India itself. Indian media has all along been toeing their official line as far as ‘blackening’ the face of Pakistan is concerned but unfortunately it is not paying same heed to domestic black deeds. But this is nothing new as we have witnessed similar biased attitude of Indian media during large-scale butchering of Muslims in Gujarat and demolition of historic Babri Mosque by Hindu extremists. This also runs contrary to the ground realities in Pakistan where media has throughout supported efforts to address the challenge of extremism and terrorism. As against this, there is tendency in India to present Hindu extremist and terrorist as ‘heroes’ and training camps for terrorists as moves aimed at Hindu renaissance.

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Pakistan’s economic challenges However, the most serious aspect of our dire economic situation is the growing public debt, which is about 70 per cent Mohammad Jamil of the Gross Domestic Email: mjamil1938@hotmail.com Product. The question is how despite being a resourceful country, Pakiakistan is facing economic stan has been able to pile up such a challenges vis-a-vis fiscal huge public debt? The answer is deficit, trade deficit and cur- simple; we have been producing less rent account deficit. The list is rather and consuming more. The magnitude long. Deteriorating law and order of the public debt limits the fiscal situation, corruption, flawed deci- space to invest in human developsions of inept leadership, energy ment, in infrastructure and capacity shortfall and prohibitive cost of en- to build strong defence. The threats ergy have made many industries faced by Pakistan have to be underunviable. In the last budget, the gov- stood in the light of fast changing reernment reckoned 4.3 per cent eco- gional and international situation, nomic growth, but with extensive which add urgency to revive the gas and load shedding it was rather economy so that adequate resources naïve to set the unrealistic target. At could be allocated to defend the most it could be in the region of Pakistan’s integrity and sovereignty. Coming back to fiscal deficit, 2.2 per cent, whereas in real terms there will be almost no growth in Pakistan’s revenue is invariably much the current year because of esti- less than the expenses. But due to mated increase in population around accumulation of debt-mountain, Pa2 per cent. Of course, for higher kistan last year had to allocate around growth there has to be substantial Rs. 1000 billion for debt servicing increase in investment. The present alone. Yet Pakistan is obliged to seek rate of savings to GDP is around 14 a bailout package of $4 to 5 billion per cent, which is lower if compared from the IMF in order to bridge the with the developing countries and financing gap over the medium term emerging economies of the world. under the Extended Fund Facility To give a boost to the economy, in- (EFF) program. Major bilateral credivestment ratio of savings to GDP tors want Islamabad to come under should be at least 20 per cent, espe- the tight scrutiny of the IMF, which cially when foreign investment is is why all of them are pushing Pakistan to negotiate a fresh loan packnot forthcoming. Another challenge is inflation, age with the Fund to avoid crises which hinders the capacity to save. during the period of political transiInflation erodes the incomes of the tion in the country. The immediate target would be people, especially salaried class and fixed income groups. And secondly to avoid pressure on its exchange rate increase in indirect taxes leads to in the aftermath of the dwindling forincrease in the prices and further eign currency reserves that moved impoverishment of the people. below $9 billion despite getting $688

News & Views

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million from the US in respect of the Coalition Support Fund (CSF) in December. IMF conditionalities included that Pakistan has to narrow the fiscal deficit, increase the electricity charges and withdraw subsidies. In the past, IMF conditionalities aggravated the inequalities of income and wealth and resulted in more unemployment. These have caused more harm to us rather than doing anything really good. It is, therefore painful to note that every government in Pakistan continued to take loans by accepting and complying with harsh IMF conditionalities. Even at the time of negotiations for the previous loan, Pakistan was required to reduce its budget deficit to 4.2 per cent and also increase its capacity to generate revenue. It has to be mentioned that in the past the recipe of the IMF vis-à-vis downsizing, privatization and increase in the prices of utilities and increase in indirect taxes like General Sales Tax (GST) to balance the budget had proved disastrous. Firstly, people had to bear the additional burden due to increase in indirect tax like general sales tax because the GST is passed on to the consumers. The problem is that those in high income bracket groups resort to tax evasion, and many do not pay income tax, which is a direct tax. Income tax in essence is a social equalizer whereby tax is collected from the rich and spent on social sector to provide basic facilities to the poor masses. The IMF advises to balance the budgets by reducing current expenditure, but in the presence of alarming rate of unemployment it is undesirable to to resort to retrenchment. The axe, therefore, falls on capital expenditure or social sector programme. The depression caused

by the ‘austerity’ program then cuts deeply into the sales of domestically produced goods because they cannot compete with the Multinational Corporations (MNCs) that have lower cost of production due to the ‘economies of scale’. The liberalization of imports exposes the local producers to subsidized foreign competition, but on the other hand the governments of developing countries are not allowed to grant subsidies to the domestic producers. Utilities, such as electricity, gas and water is another area where IMF has been pushing to enhance rates to the detriment of common man. Increase in the rates of utilities produces ‘the multiplier effect’, leading to cost-push inflation; thus rendering it impossible for the local producers to compete with the MNCs in the local or world market. In the domestic market, people have to pay more for everything, which erodes the incomes of salaried class and fixed income groups, pushing more and more people below the poverty line. We are, indeed, caught in the tentacles of economic trans-nationalism, and our puny national economic base and an unstable polity can only exacerbate national problems. But the crisis is of our own making, as corruption has eaten into the vitals of the nation. The government should restructure the public sector enterprises because on the average these state enterprises are causing of loss of more than Rs 500 per year. There is also need to control wastages, corruption, loot and plunder, which is estimated around Rs.1000 billion per year. —The writer is Lahore-based senior journalist.

Mounting political temperature erals, but Islamists which are in great majority have clung their Islamic moorings and Asif Haroon Raja toIslam is spreading rather than Email: asifharoon7751@yahoo.com getting curtailed. The US sustained efforts to disable our nuclear program or force Pao far it was intensely debated kistan to roll it back and handover the whether India or religious ex manufactured bombs for safe custody tremism cum terrorism was elsewhere because of threat posed by the existential threat to Pakistan’s the militants have been foiled because security. It is now being said that of the dogged determination of the the biggest threat is posed by the armed forces. Pakistan military’s ruling coalition subservient to the nuclear deterrence has not been comwishes of Washington. In its near promised and its conventional capafive-year tenure, the PPP led regime bility is still strong and robust despite has left no stone unturned to destroy the decade old fatiguing war on tereach and every institution of Paki- ror. Our nuclear arsenal has been stan and to bring bad name to de- made secure through multi-layered mocracy. Gen Musharraf’s effort to security system meeting international promote secularism under the garb standards. Pakistan’s nuclear and misof enlightened moderation with the sile capabilities have an edge over help of expanded TV network was Indian wherewithal and are confurther promoted by PPP led lib- stantly being upgraded to meet the eral parties after they assumed Indian challenge. power in 2008. These efforts were Judiciary with a tainted past has reinforced by India and the west got fully reinvigorated and it is asthrough Indo-western cultural inva- serting its independence resolutely. sion to promote obscenity and vul- Wrongdoers irrespective of their sogarity with the help of foreign mov- cial status have been netted and the ies, X-rated CDs, NGOs. Propa- day is not far when each one would ganda war was launched on elec- be punished. A sensational beginning tronic and print media to undermine was made when former PM Gilani Islamic culture. The US and India was forced by Supreme Court (SC) financed TV channels and journal- to relinquish his charge. Despite the ists to sell their themes and manipu- fact that a segment of media has been late perceptions. bought by foreign powers, the media Madrassahs, mosques, religious is playing an important role in highscholars, ulemas and Islamists lighting the failings of the elites and dubbed as extremists and terrorists ills of the society boldly. The stagwere hit hard to undermine Islamic nant civil society and the youth got culture. All these efforts were made energized during the lawyer moveby Indo-US-Western-Jewish lobbies ment and are now endeavoring to with the help of liberal groups within bring a healthy change in our decayed Pakistan to soften the glue of Islam political system hinging on dynasties, which kept the federating units and Baradaries, power of wealth and the the people of differing cultures gun. Disillusioned people are abanunited and to transform the complex- doning the status quo lovers and ion of Pakistan to secularism. These flocking towards revisionists promsustained efforts have made seculars ising change. Gen Kayani has promand liberals in minority into ultra lib- ised to support democracy and to help

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in conducting free and fair elections. Tehrik-e-Insaf (TI) has emerged as a third political force to challenge the monopoly of status quo loving two mainstream parties. Dr Tahirul Qadri (TUQ) has also stepped in with his electoral reform program when elections are close by to add fuel to the rising political temperature. His detractors are frantically trying to besmirch his image by calling him a Canadian working on someone else’s agenda. Imran Khan sees the leaders of two mainstream parties as chips of the same block. His balloon of Tsunami to a large extent has been busted by TUQ, who has snatched the initiative from him. Imran could have gained politically had he stuck to his earlier inclination to participate in his long march. Opportunist MQM is supporting TUQ but must be ruing its decision of backing out from his long march. Altaf is facing scathing attacks of people of Pakistan on his imprudent utterances against Quaid-i-Azam. Two-time tried out PML-N under Nawaz Sharif is dejected that its dream of wearing the crown is being sabotaged by TUQ. He managed to assemble together the whole lot of opposition parties less TI at Raiwind to uphold the old order and condemn TUQ seeking a change. The government wishing to retain status quo also supported the stance of opposition. The ANP having lost many of its leaders and party activists at the hands of militants in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa want all political parties to get united and develop a consensus to take a decisive action against militancy. The PPP regime smug on having reached the tail-end of its fiveyear tenure was looking forward for a smooth transition of power, or preferably to win again. It was suddenly confronted with multi-dimensional threats as if the events had

been synchronized. On one hand, militants have stepped up their activities, and on the other Indian military have heated up the LoC. Drone strikes are continuing. MQM kicked up dust on the issue of delimitation of constituencies in Karachi. Zardari is pressured to relinquish one appointment. Carnage in Quetta on January 10, forced the Hazara community in Quetta to sitin for four days. Eventually, government was compelled to sack Aslam Raisani’s thoroughly corrupt, inept and insensitive government and impose Governor Rule for two months. Maulana Fazlur Rahman is however criticizing Governor Rule in Balochistan. TUQ added to the woes of PPP by staging a massive sit-in in Islamabad. While he was in the process of building pressure on the government to accept his demands of electoral reforms and dissolution of election commission, the Supreme Court directive to Chairman NAB to arrest PM Raja Ashraf and others on account of their involvement in Rental Power Plant (RPP) corruption case made the assembled crowd at D Chowk ecstatic. Beleaguered regime succumbed to the deadline given by Qadri and hastened to strike a deal by accepting most demands. Timely action averted a crisis situation but has made the position of opposition parties awkward. Election Commission has come under added pressure to stop pre-poll rigging. Mysterious death of NAB official Kamran Faisal investigating RPP case has heightened pressure on the government. In anticipation to elections, jockeying as well as prepoll rigging has started. As the political temperature is mounting, political horses are shifting to so-called greener pastures. —The writer is a retired Brig and a freelance columnist.

lashes in Cairo and Port Said, which led to the loss of at least 40 lives on Saturday, are snowballing. A glance at the trend of violence shows that Egyptians are restless, and any issue that is enough to spark volatility is seized in a political manner. So was the case on Saturday. As people at large were out to mark the second anniversary of former dictator Hosni Mubarak’s exit, the moment was used by both pro and anti-government supporters to vent their anger, and coincidentally was spurred with the judicial verdict against football fans of a last year match that had ended in a stampede. This points out that Egypt’s political fabric is too divisive, and people haven’t settled with the new equation of governance under President Mohammed Mursi. Reports of violence from Cairo to Alexandria and from Suez to Port Said are indicative of the fact that the gap between the people and the government is widening, and a structured dialogue is the need of the hour. Egyptians are in no joking mood, as they wish to see the objectives of the revolution that overthrew four decades of authoritarianism realise into a perfect democratic and accountable system. This is why they have been campaigning on the streets off and on in order to ensure that the elected dispensation doesn’t succumb to unpopular acts, and a broad-based system is not lost at the hands of people who nurse their own agenda in the corridors of power. This is the time for the government to reach out to the people and initiate a dialogue with forces that are not represented in Parliament. Morsi should hear out as to what ails these protesters who keep on returning on Tahrir Square and in the swatches as far as Suez. It is not enough for the government to say that it enjoys a mandate and thus would not be attentive any more to the demands on the streets. The point is Egypt is in a state of evolution and the revolution is yet to come full circle. Like the verdict against football match spectators that turned into acts of vandalism, Egypt should brace itself for many such upheavals, as the courts keep on pronouncing decisions in litigations against the former first family, and cases pertaining to the sitting members of the ruling elite. But once the people are assured that their point of view is taken on board and the new government is listening to their grievances, the volatility would subside with the passage of time.—Khaleej Times

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Too long a time frame for Britain to decide on EU

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N a widely anticipated speech last week by British Prime Min ister David Cameron, the UK government laid down its plans to hold a binding referendum on its future in Europe — by 2017, if his Conservative Party is still in power. Britain’s disillusionment with the European Union (EU) has been simmering for the past three years, particularly given the amount of administrative and financial resources within the 27member economic bloc to reform its euro. High sovereign-debt levels and an organisational failure by Eurocrats to have a European bond linked to the currency have resulted in the future of the 17-nation Eurozone being dominated by the affairs of the EU. While Britain is not a member of the Eurozone, its domestic financial and regulatory institutions have been sideswiped by the need for greater fiscal control — and for many eurosceptics, this is an affront to British sovereignty. Sadly though, since the days of Margaret Thatcher, every Conservative party leader who has had the keys to 10 Downing Street has faced a vociferous eurosceptic faction. It was they who brought about the fall of John Major — and Cameron is no different. With 50 per cent of British exports going to the EU, the UK simply cannot afford to remain outside the bloc. It was another British prime minister — Harold Wilson — who said that a week is a long time in politics.—Gulf News

Life begins at forty. —Proverb


The untouchables Shams-uz-Zaman Email:smszmn72@yahoo.com

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akistan is amongst few of the states where the ruling elite have become so strong and powerful over a period of time that they can do anything with complete impunity. Unchecked corruption, nepotism, violation of merit, dishonesty and fraud etc have just become business as usual across the state. Since last five years, the state of affairs has dramatically deteriorated in every private and public sector across the board. State institutions which once were the backbone of the national economy like Steel Mills, Pakistan Railways and Pakistan International Airlines etc are either crumbling or have crumbled under the weight of state corruption. While these leaders portray to each other as rivals and playing role of opposition, they are in fact so closely interwoven in a complex web of interests and shared values that whenever a situation arise they all unite together to

confront it. The united opposition against the recent long march thus making it a profound failure is just the case in point. Regardless of the personal character of the leader leading the long march, the demands made thereon were indeed the voice of the nation. A nation which was outraged over issues like mega corruption scams, price hike, joblessness, energy crisis, sectarian killings, nepotism, deteriorating law and order situation and state’s inability to cope with the crisis and situations like Osama’s raid and Salala attack. However, the united stand of the “so called” opposition parties whether religious or otherwise clearly demonstrated that all have deeply embedded stakes in this corrupt system and they would go out of their way to protect it. Interestingly, the newly emerging leader on the political scene promising a tsunami of change was also left dumbfounded and undecided on this critical moment whether to side with these political cartels or to show his support for the ‘voice of the people’. A change promised by him

is probably no more on the horizon as he also has joined this group of “untouchables” who remain above the law no matter what they do or how they act. It was also interesting to watch the media anchors and politicians to lecture the masses on the sanctity of the constitution as if all the acts being committed by the government (like corruption, nepotism and bad governance etc) is exactly according to constitution. The Supreme Court’s order to arrest the accused involved in the rental power corruption and NAB’s inability to arrest them profoundly illustrates that according to the practised law and practised constitutional norms, these powerful political bourgeoisies remain completely above the law and constitution and any attempt to bring them down would put up a united resistance even if these be the people’s demand. This was recently highlighted by Indian writer Arundhati Roy when she said, “All those who have tried to change the system via elections have ended up being changed by it.” This is the true reflection of state of democracies in

most Eastern societies where democracy has brought only deprivation and corruption because the political class assumes itself to be untouchables and above the law and any attempt to challenge it, is silenced. The suspicious death of the NAB official just illustrates this trend. The onus of responsibility of this failure also rests with the people as well as despite experiencing a brutal suffering for almost five years, most elected to remain at the sidelines of the procession refusing to join in. All those deprived of their basic rights and jobs should have joined in the attempt to get rid of the present incompetent and corrupt set up thus setting the course for a future change. What now they await is another brutal reign of possible five years led by the same untouchable political class giving us the same taste of governance which we have experienced so far. But let us have it because this is what we deserve. —The writer is an MPhil scholar at the NDU Islamabad.

Anti-corruption electoral process Heads of such corporations is that they bring with them some Ch Bashir Ahmad trusted persons and give them lucrative appointments in such Email:smzlaw@yahoo.com corporations. Such new entrants in collusion with some junior officers he evil of corruption has spread of that corporation who are won over so much in our beloved coun by giving them undue promotions and try that it has become very dif- senior appointments, ignoring senior ficult to count the corrupt government officers of that organizations, work departments/corporations/organiza- as front men of the political head of tions and it is easier to count the re- that organizations. Mostly the officmaining few which are not corrupt. ers who do not join hands with them Our country has reached at Sr. No. and do not comply with their verbal 33 of the list of corrupt nations and and illegal orders and demands at the at Sr. No. 8 of the bad countries. Dur- cost of their service of several years, ing the present democratic setup, the are subjected to frequent immature ruling party invented a new and transfers at difficult stations and such unique method of mass corruption by transfer orders are withdrawn after appointing defeated contestants in the few days when they fulfill their regeneral elections and other blue eyed quirements; are given unattractive politicians as Head of the statutory and junior appointments; are kept corporations/organizations to recover without any appointment for several the huge election expenses in crores months and years; are denied their of rupees which they had incurred and rights of promotion and other fringe to accumulate and heap up such funds benefits. When such politicians leave through massive corruption for the that organization at their sweet will, coming elections. their orders in writing are not availSome such like irregular appoint- able on the relevant office files and ments of politicians in statutory cor- actions have already been taken by porations like OGDC, OGRA, the officers under verbal orders. NICL,…etc. have already come to What needs to be done to detect light and the superior courts have and check the wrong doings of such taken notice of such appointments political heads of corporation before which were not merit based and the they disappear from the respective orproceedings have been taken in hand ganization and before they take part for the recovery of looted public in the coming general elections, is that money. The modus operandi adopted the Election Commission of Pakistan by such politicians appointed as should make an order and the respec-

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tive Administrative Department should ensure that hundred percent audit of accounts of such corporation is taken in hand and completed by the Auditor General of Pakistan before the elections; to find out that how much money has been looted and the ill gotten money may be recovered from them before they qualify for the coming elections under Article 62 and 63 of the Constitution of Pakistan. While undertaking the audit, the competent authority should inter-alia lay emphasis on the following issues; namely, (1) whether the expenditure made during the relevant year is within the sanctioned budgetary provision item-wise; (2) whether the grants in aid had been given in accordance with the rules and prescribed procedure; (3) whether the amount of discretionary grant was got enhanced by the competent authority and with justification; (4) whether the new posts were created in consonance with the additional work load or just to give employment to party workers as political bribe and for extraneous considerations;(5) whether the appointments against the newly created posts were made by the competent authority in accordance with the recruitment rules and were merit based; (6) whether the development work was done by inviting tenders in accordance with the rules from genuine contractors and was completed within the time limits under the supervision of qualified and competent staff and newly developed properties rented out/leased out through open auction in a trans-

parent manner and the rent/lease money was in consonance with the cost of the project including the cost of land; (7) whether the properties of the department sold/leased out at the market rate and not on throw away price and the new properties were purchased at the market rate and in a transparent manner and not at exorbitant rates to favor the seller and to share the profit; (8) whether surplus funds were invested in scheduled banks in accordance with the instructions of the relevant authority; (9) whether the new cars and other vehicles were purchased with the permission of the competent authority according to the genuine requirements of the organization and have been used by the officers of the department according to their entitlements and log books were duly maintained in accordance with the transport rules etc. Any expenditure incurred by such political appointee in violation of the relevant rules should be recovered from him and he should be disqualified for contesting election under Article 62 and 63 of the Constitution and other relevant laws and the looted public money be recovered from him as arrears of land revenue. Such methods, if adopted effectively, will ensure elimination of corruption in the society and only genuine persons with the spirit to serve the people will come forward to contest the elections and not those who have turned the politics into a regular business.

Views From Abroad

The looming currency war Nicholas Wapshott

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re we about to be sucked into a currency war? As the world economy continues to splutter, countries are looking for ways to break out of the mire. One way of gaining popularity is to promote growth through making exports cheap. The key to an export-led recovery is to devalue a national currency, thereby lowering the prices of exports. By allowing its currency price to slide, a nation can launch a surreptitious trade war against its commercial rivals. Western nations have for years accused China of taking an unfair trade advantage by keeping its currency, and therefore export prices, artificially low. By allowing their currencies to devalue, Western countries are fighting back. There are indications that the early skirmishes of a currency war have begun. This is a dangerous business. If countries undercut their competitors’ prices by devaluing their currencies, the stability of the world

economy is put at risk. A full-fledged currency war invites deflation, a ruinous downward spiral of prices that in turn invites a worldwide recession. The cause of the conflict lies in the failure of the chosen measure to offset a Great Recession since 2008: wave after wave of “quantitative easing” (QE) by central banks to beat stagnant growth. QE was intended to funnel cheap money into national economies to boost economic activity and increase aggregate demand, thereby creating growth and jobs. But persistent QE has had an important unintended consequence. It has removed a key measure by which traders judge sovereign interest, or the ability of a country to pay its way. Before the financial freeze of 2008-9, traders who worried about a country’s solvency would decline to buy government bonds or insist on a punishingly high return. That mechanism became confused when, to head off a precipitous Great Recession, finance ministers from the leading industrial nations agreed to pump vast amounts of newly minted money into their economies until the danger had

passed. QE, or the buying of government bonds by central banks, was intended to reduce general borrowing costs and allow businesses to borrow cheaply to invest, and thereby employ the jobless. That did not happen. Banks — fearful of making imprudent decisions similar to the ones they made on mortgage lending that plunged the world economy into a slump in the first place — have been hoarding money, have bought other banks with it, or have awarded it as bonuses to their executives. Meanwhile, traders have been deprived of the way they traditionally reflect their assessment of a nation’s economic worth. When central banks furiously buy government bonds to keep interest rates low, the bond price mechanism becomes redundant. But traders can continue to express their sovereign concerns via the currency market. Faced with this added pressure on its currency price, and unable to raise interest rates to maintain the price of their currency for fear of making the recession worse, what is a finance minister to do? The answer,

it appears, is to turn this dilemma into an advantage. Two major economies appear to be trying to break from the rest of the pack by slyly allowing their currencies to slide. The first is Japan, the world’s third-largest economy, which for decades has been lost in a deflationary economic labyrinth. Earlier this month, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe made a bolt for growth. He announced a classic Keynesian $117 billion public spending stimulus and ordered the Bank of Japan to double its conservative inflation target, to 2 per cent. Abe expects his policies will increase real growth by 2 percent and create 600,000 new jobs a year. All this is bad news for America. As the keeper of the world’s reserve currency, used by investors and businesses as a safe haven from the uncertainties of other currencies, the dollar’s value is not merely a reflection of what traders feel about the American economy. America is therefore unable to devalue and is prevented from competing in the looming currency war. —Courtesy: The Reuters

Called to the head table..!

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he other day I had been to a wedding. A man looking quite pompous and important entered the hall during one of the various family and friend’s functions and made his way to the seat at the front of the hall. Since the organizers didn’t know who he was they moved aside with reverence, seated the man comfortably on a chair. He looked around and called rather harshly to a waiter to get him a glass of water.

He then smiled to himself. “Someone important!” I thought to myself, “must be a close friend of the family” Later I watched as one by one people were called to the head table. They came from all corners of the hall. I realized that most of them had no idea they would be acknowledged, they appeared quite surprised and walked forward humbly yet happy. I waited to see when the important looking man would also be called to the table, but he never was! How often this happens, we feel it is our right to the head table. We try to lord over our family, act like bosses with our colleagues, thinking we have a right, till we find that actually we have no seat at the head

table. I enjoyed seeing the people who were called up: “Sir your name has just been announced, please walk up to the head table!” “Me, but I am a nobody, there are so many more important people here!” “No sir you are the important person, let us escort you!” And suddenly somebody humble stands and with the whole hall applauding makes his way to the table at the front. I watched the important looking man who had walked in so pompously, and wondered why he had not been called. I think he also wondered the same, I could see his mind working, “Why am I not being called up? Am I not important enough? I have been insulted!” Strangely we all have been in similar situations. Sometimes

we deserve to have been invited up to sit with the host, sometimes it was just a mistake we were not called, but this is the time to be gracious. This is the time that people watch to see how you react. When you react like a spoilt child who has not been given a favourite toy, when you react like someone who says that the acknowledgement is too late, then the world laughs at such pettiness. Learn to wait humbly till your turn comes and oh yes if that did not happen today, be gracious, be big to accept it, because you know who you are, and the world does too..! —Email:bobsbanter@gmail.com

Voice of the People Free & fair elections ASGHAR MAHMOOD

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haudhry Nisar Ali Khan, Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly, has demanded change of Provincial Governors before general elections to be held this year. President and Provincial Governors are only figure heads in a parliamentary democracy, therefore, they are not expected to influence free and fair elections in the presence of a vigilant media and invigorated Election Commission. However, highly politicised bureaucracy is a different story; they pose a real challenge for holding free and fair elections in Pakistan. I think Leader of the Opposition may ask for change of Chief Secretaries, Proivncial Police Chiefs, District Coordination Officers/ Deputy Commissioners, District Police Chiefs, Administrators of Baitul Mal and Benazir Bhutto Income Support Programme and officials holding crucial positions and controlling unlimited funds, who can directly influence free and fair elections by abusing their position. Honourable Chief Election Commissioner may also take notice of extensions in service of bureaucrats. All civil servants who have been re-employed after retirement in government departments, Corporations, Foundations, and Autonomous bodies, at the Federal and Provincial level, should be removed from their positions before general elections. Holding Free and fair elections in Pakistan is a great challenge for the Election Commission in the presence of highly poiticised bureaucracy. —Islamabad

Tribute to Saqib Zervi M S KHALID ‘The month of January reminds this scribe the passing away of one of the outstanding journalists, poet and the editor of weekly ‘Lahore’, Saqib Zervi, also author of seven books of lasting value, including ‘Shahab-eSaqib’, Mahay-kamil’, ‘Hamaray Naghme’, ‘Naveed-e-Manzil’, ‘Us Bazar Mein’, ‘Ahange-Hejaz’, ete. He started ‘The Lahore,’ weekly in 1951and continued to publish it on each Friday morning for full fifty years and believe it with sun-like regularity. And in January 2001, when Saqib Zervi had taken great pains to complete the compilation of the 50th Annual number of his ‘brain-child’ weekly of historic national importance, he breathed his last and passed away sliently into the world of Eternity. Thus the founding -father of the Lahore weekly left the responsibilty of the publication of this special 50th Annual numberin the hands of his sons, Yasir Zervi and Mansoor Zervi. And since Jan. 2001, both the elder and young Zervi, are doing their best as editor and publisher, to maintain the true chartacter, journalistic quality and the dignified lofty aims of this illustrated social, cultural, political, economical and literary magazine of lasting values during all this long period of 62 years of its continous publication, particularly during this age of cutthroat economic competition for survival. Really a great achievement by the two able sons of the founding-editor of the weekly and his heart and soul must be feeling happy and relieved. I congratulate both and all involved with the Lahore weekly. May his soul rest in peace, Ameen. —Jhang

Recreational spots for youth ABDULLAH IJAZ According to reports, the Defence Housing Authority (DHA) in Karachi has decided to impose a ban on shisha smoking in all cafés and eateries within its jurisdiction. Apparently, parents and other such authority figures were getting riled up on how easily shisha was available throughout trendy cafés frequented by youngsters. The DHA authorities took note of this and have acted upon the concerns of the complainants by completely banning shisha from their menus. I have just one thing to say: what are the young and restless supposed to do in this country? Why have we decided to make life so colourless for these young people? Why have we given them such few outlets and hangout spots that the biggest highlight of their meaningful lives is inhaling addictive smoke? If DHA has banned shisha, then it ought to open some more recreational activities for the youth. —Karachi

Bizarre fashion rigmarole MALIK AAMIR SALEEM They all were standing in a semicircle round and exchanging some pleasantries in a manner as if they had been there to attend some one’s marriage. They were eating peanuts, dry fruits, sweats and things which were available as per fashion of the season. They were appearing from no where bothered and fatigued rather their nonchalance and happy go lucky like manners were inviting others to join their middle of the road sun bath on a bright sunny day of a Sunday in the month of December. To my great surprise, one after another, somebody would purchase an eatable from a nearby vendor and bring it back to the group, he would distribute or offer it to all others and they all would enjoy it till the time some one else would move to purchase something else and this practice was going on and on with some short intervals. I preferred sitting back into my car and made use of

my mobile to while away the time but of no avail as within very short span of time I ended up ringing and chatting on purposeless issues with my friends, colleagues and acquaintances. After consuming my all those options of sitting within my car I suddenly felt a great urge to experience the sordid pleasure of which I was a mere spectator so far. Their sense of seeking pleasure out of this malicious rigmarole hadn’t faded away yet. They had parked their vehicles to one end of an unending queue which was moving ahead at the snail’s pace but they were contented with whatever little progress. I couldn’t help breaking this detachment from them and got off the car. I stretched my legs and made up my mind to join the pack of those easy goers standing one side of a very vibrant and busy road aka Murree Road of Rawalpindi. My suspense was getting untamed to know about their philosophy of eat, drink and be merry at a time when each one of us indebted not less than Rs 70000/- under the current regime of “Roti” “Kapra” “Makan”. In order to make a real life like entry, I bought a spicy radish from a vendor, and I extended the radish with an open offer to the inmates of the group whose members had now developed a deep intimacy with each other. Soon I felt they had also accepted my intrusion and now I was part of them. The group was comprising of people of different ages, classes and backgrounds and till that time they were one for all and all for one. All of sudden they all rushed towards their vehicles to fill the places in that nasty queue and so did I. It was the only sign to know that another person had got his car’s cylinder filled with CNG. After this clownish pushing and dragging, our conversation resumed from the same points. One of mate cracked joke that “the Govt has wisely devised this activity for us Pakistani as it will help a lot in controlling population, law and order, illnesses and feuds because they will be left with no time to be busy or preoccupied except following this demon miles long queue for the CNG”. It was no less than a treat and funfair for the people there when a government-owned CNG station, opposite to one we were queued for, stopped providing CNG and it sufficed to add fuel to the rage of vehicle owners waiting for their turns since morning. The people of this side of the queue also joined their cause and the traffic of both sides of the road was blocked to a stand still. My inquisitive sense made me to ask a young man why he was so active in blocking the road. His answer gave another shock. He said “he doesn’t know the reason but he has contributed as others are also doing the same and it was all fun”. To utter embarassement of many, supply of CNG and traffic resumed on the interference of a high official. —Via email

Hugging the condemned! MUHAMMAD AMIR KHAN Once again the nation has been fooled by our politicians. All those who participated in the long march with their families and stayed on the roads of Islamabad in the hope of changing the destiny of this country with their collective effort got nothing in the end. For four days we saw Dr Qadri and government leaders launching venomous attacks on each other and then we saw them hugging and congratulating each other like best friends. What happened to the demand of immediate dissolution of assemblies and the election commission? —Karachi

A little victory

should have been awarded maximum punishment, I am glad to see that something substantial has been done. We are so used to seeing the rich and powerful getting away with all sorts of crimes that even a halfhearted punishment seems to be a little victory. What a sorry state. —Lahore

President back DR IRFAN ZAFAR President Asif Ali Zardari returned to Islamabad after spending 49 days in Sindh. Do not underestimate the “fear” of Dr. Tahir-Ul-Qadri. —Islamabad

Fighting cancer DR HASSAN ANJUM SHAHID Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancerous cells are also called malignant cells. Normal cells multiply when the body needs them, and die when the body does not need them. Cancer appears to occur when the growth of cells in the body is out of control and cells divide too quickly. It can also occur when cells forget how to die. There are many different kinds of cancer. Cancer can develop in almost any organ or tissue, such as the lung, colon, breast, skin, bones, or nerve tissue. In developing countries like Pakistan, the ratio of cancer is very high with some 320,000 new cancer cases being reported in the country every year. Breast cancer is very common among women, while head, neck and throat cancer among men and leukemia and lymphoma among children. According to the Breast Cancer Awareness Programme (BCAP) National Coordinator Omer Aftab, presently, one out of eight women in the country is suffering from breast cancer, “Pakistan tops the Asian countries in terms of prevalence of breast cancer that stands for 38.5 percent of all female cancer patients. Young women are more vulnerable to this deadly disease.” There are only 20 cancer hospitals in the country. There are many suggestions to curtail the rates of these diseases, like cancer registry, national cancer policy based upon a health expert’s views and public awareness programmes about physical activity. Higher levels of fitness have had a profound impact on a human being’s quality of life and life span. Physical activity and cancer have a strong association with each other. There is convincing evidence that physical activity is correlated with a reduced risk of cancers of the colon and breast. Physical activity is any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles; such movements result in an expenditure of energy. Physical activity is a critical component of energy balance, a term used to describe how weight, diet and physical activity influence health, including cancer risk. Several studies also have reported links between physical activity and a reduced risk of cancers of the prostate, lung and lining of the uterus (endometrial cancer). Researchers have established that regular physical activity can improve health by: helping to control weight, maintaining healthy bones, muscles and joints, reducing the risk of developing high blood pressure and diabetes, promoting psychological well-being, reducing the risk of death from heart disease, reducing the risk of premature death. Now the question arises: how much physical activity is required? The simple regime is to engage in moderate intensity physical activity for at least 30 minutes on five or more days of the week, or to engage in vigorous-intensity physical activity for at least 20 minutes on three or more days of the week. —Lahore

FAROOQ SHAH Finally the Shahzeb Khan case seems to be gaining the attention that it deserves. Shahrukh Jatoi, the young man who shot dead Shahzeb after a very minor altercation, has been arrested and sent to juvenile prison after a ruling of the anti-terrorism court. It was argued that the boy is a minor and that he cannot be sent to a normal jail. While I personally think Jatoi

READERS are requested to type their letters legibly with double spacing and only on one side of the paper.

—Editor Email:editorial@pakobserver.net


West never tires of the ‘burden’ of baiting Iran HIROAKI SATO

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S the New York times inciting a U.S. war against Iran? As it did the war against Iraq? A decade ago, the paper’s Judith Miller, along with a few of her fellow reporters, so unabashedly agitated for President George W. Bush attacking Iraq that the daily was forced to fire her when things turned sour in short order. Take the large front-page article, on Jan. 12, with the headline “A Trail of Bullet Casings Leads From Africa’s Wars Back to Iran.” A photo of what appear to be the bottoms of two bullets topped it, with the caption “Iranian-made cartridges recovered from the northern Ivory Coast, of a type found in several African countries.” The photo looked innocuous to me, though it may have conveyed something ominous to many denizens of the gunladen United States. What was the story? Did the Times, after timeconsuming, painstaking investigations encompassing several countries, uncover that Iran is up to a vast scheme to endanger the U.S.? Well, no. In 2006, a British researcher in arms-trafficking noticed certain ammunition for Kalashnikov rifles “bore no factory code.” AK-47, which the Soviet gun designer Mikhail Kalashnikov first perfected in 1947, is reputed to be the most popular assault rifle ever, though for some decades now the great majority are counterfeit, produced as they are outside the USSR, now Russia. Anyway, James Bevan, until 2001 a U.N. investigator who now works for a private firm, collaborated with other arms-trafficking researchers and tracked down the source of the unmarked cartridges to the weapons manufacturer in Iran. These cartridges have been found in Guinea, Ivory Coast, the Congo, Niger, Sudan. Does that mean much of anything? No, Bevan says. The ammunition in question may have been made in Iran, “but a good portion of this, and in perhaps the majority of these

cases, the ammunition was transferred around Africa by African states,” the researcher says. He was annoyed, it appears, by the Times reporter’s “re-

25th. At $45 million, its export total was just about a seventh of Switzerland’s and a twelfth of the Netherlands’s and, yes, a 222th of the U.S. ex-

... from the Islamic group Movement for Oneness.... peated” question: Should somone take any “military action against Iran”? As the Times article itself noted, Iran is no rival of the U.S., Russia, China and others as an arms exporter. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, the U.S. was the top arms-exporting nation in 2011 (as in any other year) with sales of $10 billion, followed by Russia with $7.9 billion, France with $2.4 billion, and China with $1.4 billion. On this list Iran ranked

ports. Even if Iran produced and exported all those “mystery cartridges” found in some of the sites of “brutal” killings, Iran’s culpability would pale in comparison with the havoc that weapons originating in the U.S. have been bringing to the world. So, why showcase such an article? The reporter, C. J. Chivers, says that Iran’s choice of small-arms ammunition to export is “significant,” because it constitutes “a basic ingredient of organized violence,” and results “each year and at each war in

would end “1,000 years of history”. His successor Harold Wilson agreed but in office sought – unsuccessfully – to enter Europe. In opposition he veered again, opposing entry in 1973 on “Tory terms”, but uniting the party through the device of the referendum which, in 1975, yielded a two-to-one majority for Europe – the greatest triumph pro-Europeans have ever en-

uncertainty which is bad for investment. But without popular endorsement, Britain’s position in Europe is bound to be envelHE EU is an elite project with oped in permanent uncertainty, so weakout popular support. Labour can ening its chances of constructive engagebring it back to the people. Sur ment. vey evidence shows that a large The EU, moreover, is in flux. Britain minority, in some cases a majority, want cannot remain unaffected if the eurozone Britain to leave the EU. The constitutional moves towards banking union. The argument for a referendum on Europe is eurozone in any case remains highly unstable, and Greece, along with other Mediterranean member states, might well exit. Indeed, they would have a better chance of reaching the goals of social democracy if they did in fact leave the euro. Britain has, of course, always been the awkward partner. There are good reasons. They were summed up by President de Gaulle when, 50 years ago this month, he proclaimed his veto. De Gaulle declared that the Treaty of Rome had been signed by six “continental states ... which were of the same nature”. Britain, by contrast, was “insular, she is maritime, she is linked through her exchanges, her markets, her supply lines, to the most diverse and often the most distant countries; she pursues essentially industrial and commercial activities, and only slight agricultural ones”. That was why she was so opposed to the Common Agricultural Policy. De Gaulle concluded that “the nature, the structure, the very situation that are England’s differ profoundly from those of ... for a referendum on whether Britain should remain in the European Union ... the continentals”. But he accepted that Britclear. We elect MPs to make decisions in joyed. In opposition, however, Labour ain might, at some time in the future, perparliament on our behalf, but not to trans- swung again and, in 1981, proposed leav- haps evolve “little by little towards the confer the powers of parliament to other bod- ing Europe without a referendum – one of tinent”. The referendum will test whether ies. That is why the transfer of legislative the issues that led to the SDP breakaway, Britain has done so. There is a fundamenpowers downwards, through devolution, helping to put Labour in opposition for 18 tal decision to be made and only the Britrequires a referendum. So also, since the years. Michael Foot and Tony Benn put ish people can make it. Europe has for too European Union Act 2011, does the trans- their prejudices on Europe above the needs long been an elite project. The pro-Eurofer of powers upwards to the EU. But since of social democracy. Today pro-Europeans peans have been content to win the argument in the corridors of power. That is why, we entered the EU in 1973, numerous pow- must avoid doing the same. On no issue has there consistently been since 1975, the argument has been lost by ers have been transferred without our consent. And the referendum requirement a greater gap between the people and the default. But the Labour party was formed poses a particular dilemma for a party of political class than Europe. Survey evi- to combat the power of elites, not to yield to it. The eurozone in any case remains highly unstable, The constitutional argument for the referendum is based fundamentally on the and Greece, along with other Mediterranean member need for legitimacy. Some decisions are so states, might well exit. Indeed, they would have a better momentous that they cannot be decided by chance of reaching the goals of social democracy if they did MPs alone, but need popular endorsement. It is difficult to think of a more momenin fact leave the euro. Britain has, of course, always been tous issue than whether Britain should or not remain in the EU. Harold the awkward partner. There are good reasons. They were should Wilson’s policy adviser, Bernard summed up by President de Gaulle when, 50 years ago this Donoughue, said that, while Edward Heath took the British establishment into Europe, month, he proclaimed his veto. it needed Wilson to take the British people the left, which seeks to be both interna- dence shows that a large minority, and in into Europe. Today the political and finantionalist and sensitive to the demands of some polls a majority, want to leave the cial establishment remain committed to the people. That is why Labour has always EU; but, in the Commons, only a small Europe, but the people are leaving in minority of MPs favour exit. On Europe, droves. That is the basic case for the referhad a bad conscience about Europe. In 1962 its leader Hugh Gaitskell fa- parliament no longer represents the people. endum and the left should support it. —Courtesy Guardian mously declared that a federal Europe Critics say that the referendum will lead to

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MOHAMMAD MOHIUDDIN ABDULLAH

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OLITICS in our society is vibrant because almost every thinking man and woman takes interest in politics, whether it in volves the community, society or the nation. Our nation, since independence, has seen steady development of politics of many streams. There had been interruptions in the political development when it was stifled by coups d’etat. Coup leaders in Bangladesh innovated their own brand of politics, which people repudiated when the opportunity appeared. They even agitated violently for restoration of democracy. Finally, democracy was restored in early ’90s after nine years of “back seat” military rule in the garb of democracy, but political parties or party in power have not practiced democracy till date. Formal democracy is characterised by regular elections, a competitive system of political parties, and a system of separation and checks and balances between different components of government. Anyone desiring to understand the process of democracy will have to take these elements into cognisance. Transparency and accountability and the absence of partisanship will also have to be added, without which the democratic process loses its representativeness and legitimacy. The performance

weapons.” As for “regime change,” Kristof simply, blatantly, ignores what the U.S. and its “coalition of the willing” have brought about in Afghanistan and Iraq. The Nigerian American novelist Teju Cole rightly named Kristof part of “the fastest growth industry in the U.S. [that] is the White Sav-

“Then, in the Bush axis-of-evil years, our hardliners convinced their hardliners that nothing short of regime change would satisfy Washington.” Bush’s axis of evil consisted of Iran, Iraq and North Korea. “Add these understandable fears” that Iran has developed over the past half- century “to a long history of xenophobia and Persian status anxiety,” Keller said. But don’t xenophobia and status anxiety also apply to the United States?

Why the left should support a referendum on Europe VERNON BOGDANOR

uncountable deaths and crimes.” But for ammunition to have its effects, it requires small arms, on which Chivers has nothing to say. The Small Arms Survey, a research project in Geneva, says Iran is one of the “untransparent” countries in arms trade, but even if its figures are known, it is hard to imag-

ine that Iran would come anywhere near to the top exporters of small arms. The U.S. again tops the list, with $706 million in sales, followed by Italy, with $507 million, and Germany with $452 million. The figures are for 2009. Again, why showcase such an article? The answer: The New York Times supports the U.S.-led economic sanctions against Iran. For what? For preventing Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons. Nicholas Kristof, the Times’ “liberal interventionist” columnist, took a 2,700-km road trip through Iran last year to conclude: “with apologies to the many wonderful Iranians who showered me with hospitality, I favor sanctions … to pressure the regime” to relent on the nuclear issue and to ease its grip on power.” (“Pinched and Griping in Iran,” June 16, 2012.) What right do the U.S. and other Western nations have to gang up on Iran? The U.S. has 5,113 nuclear warheads, the United Kingdom 225, and France 300, according to the Arms Control Association, whereas Global Policy Forum has reported that the United Nations’ IAEA “provided no evidence that Iran is actually developing nuclear

Would China Block Korean Unification? MINXIN PEI

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ITH some arguing China is turning North Korea into a 21st-century tributary state, it can’t stop its reunification with the South. A recent research report on the growing economic integration between China and North Korea by the minority staff on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee has attracted a bit of media attention. Like most other government documents,this report—titled, “China’s Impact on Korean Peninsula Unification and Questions for the Senate”— languished in obscurity until The Washington Post wrote a story about it last week. The argument of the brief report is simple: China’s extensive growing economic interests in North Korea are effectively turning the Hermit Kingdom into a 21st-century “tributary province.” Consequently, Beijing will have both the incentive and capacity to block the future reunification of the two Koreas. While such an argument may grab headlines in a leading American newspaper, it falls apart under analytical scrutiny. The report not only misunderstands the fundamental Chinese rationale for maintaining a divided Korean peninsula, but also misses the three more likely scenarios that will make it almost impossible for China to stand in the way of Korean reunification. Economic interests may be critical for individual Chinese companies or private entrepreneurs but they are at best secondary considerations for the Chinese government in formulating Korea policy. The net economic return for Beijing from its Korea policy is almost certainly negative. Over the past two decades, China must have pumped tens of billions of dollars of aid into North Korea to prop up a bankrupt regime, and has got little to show for it economically. Anyone who knows a thing or two about the rationale behind Beijing’s support for Pyongyang understands that it is Chinese national security that is driving policy. To put it simply, the Chinese government views North Korea as a valuable security buffer against American forward deployment in East Asia and is willing to bear the enormous economic burden to sustain this buffer. However, even though the survival of the Kim family dynasty is viewed as vital to China’s national security and China’s current policy is an obstacle to Korean reunification, it would be an exaggeration to conclude that China has the ability to block the two Koreas from becoming one country. There are three potential scenarios under which China will not be able to exercise a veto over the reunification of the divided Korean peninsula. The first one is the repeat of a “Burma Scenario” North Korea-style. It is well known that North Koreans are fiercely nationalist and resent becoming a “tributary

province” of China. Just as China’s controversial commercial behavior in Burma alienated Burmese elites and the public alike, and was an important trigger of Burma’s political opening, the ongoing economic integration of China and North Korea, as described in the Senate minority report, could also drive Pyongyang away from Beijing. The

failed the former. The tendency to elicit favour from the leader by restoring to pampering leadership has been detrimental to the growth of healthy politics. The moral eclipse of the leadership has frustrated the people. Initiating and implementing the structural, economic, social and political reforms necessary to

Kim dynasty could easily sell out its Chinese patron and turn to the West in the same way the Burmese military regime has done. Of course, given the blood on its hand, the North Korean regime will have a harder time getting the West to embrace it. But North Korea also has more attractive bargaining chips, its nuclear arsenal and missiles, with which it can extract favorable terms in negotiations.

institutionalise democracy have to be undertaken. Sustainable democracy needs capacity building within and among state institutions. The challenges pertaining to integration and enhancement can be overcome through exercise of political will and availability of resources from public-private partnership, and also that made available by external institutions. Civil society can facilitate gender equality and help in the building of inclusive structures

is questionable. North Korea has nuclear weapons, a factor that is likely to deter China from sending the People’s Liberation Army across the Yalu River should the Kim dynasty be overthrown by an internal uprising. For all its analytical flaws, the Senate minority report does raise a valuable question, not for the U.S. Senate, as its title suggests, but for the Chinese government. Beijing needs to review – and completely

China may block Korean unification according to a US report… The second scenario is a democratic transition in China itself. This may not be a realistic possibility in the short-term (the next five years), but the probability of a democratic transition in China is non-trivial and is on the rise. The country has reached a level of socioeconomic development (about $U.S. 8,500 per capita in purchasing power parity) at which few non-oil producing autocracies can survive. Signs of political awakening, such as the recent anti-censorship protest, calls for democracy, and civic activism, have emerged in China. Endemic corruption inside the regime, loss of public credibility, and extreme income inequality have greatly undermined the legitimacy of the ruling Communist Party. The question of regime transition in China is a matter of when and how, not whether or not. Should such a political revolution occur, a new democratic regime in Beijing will most

of power in the production and distribution of goods and services, because we have problems of low absorption capacity, deep inequalities and developmental deficits. Until the time politicians seek the people’s welfare above everything we can not expect a quantum jump in the quality of our politics. Without doing

Shockingly, the weakening moral standard, politicisation of administration and ego of the politicians in total disregard of the people’s welfare and need only increase arbitrary power of officials at different tiers of administration. Institution building has to allow more equitable power relations, specially between different groups of citizens. Democracy has to follow the path of democratisation at all levels. have been increasing, which affects development. Politics and good governance complement each other. If one fails, the other is doomed to failure. Some politicians have been trying more for their personal gains than for their constituents and that is why they depend more on their leader’s charisma than their own ability to win an election. Mutual trust between electors and elected, which is imperative, is decreasing as most of the time the latter have

likely jettison Pyongyang and embrace a reunified democratic Korea. Even in the event of a rapid collapse of the North Korean regime, triggered most likely by a military coup or a popular uprising (or a combination of both) against the Kim dynasty, China’s capacity to intervene militarily in order to prevent reunification

A Chinese government with a modicum of strategic foresight must thus fundamentally alter its Korea policy. Instead of obstructing Korean reunification, Beijing must embrace it and place its chips on the side of Seoul. Only such a policy will serve China’s long-term interests.

Consolidate politics and democracy of democratic governments between 1991 to-date does not bear the testimony of the trust reposed in the politicians. Our politicians futilely try to distort history and divided the nation into pro-liberation and anti-liberation forces, so that their poor performance does not come to the fore in the next election. Recently, money laundering and corruption

ior Industrial Complex.” Kristof evidently is an ardent believer in Kipling’s “white man’s burden.” For him, the Iranians are “fluttered folk and wild — / Your new-caught, sullen peoples, / Half-devil and half-child.” Bill Keller, reviewing David Patrikarakos’ book, “Nuclear Iran: The Birth of an Atomic State,” for The New York Times (“Rethinking the Unthinkable,” Jan. 11), was compelled to remind himself: “Our present Iran problem … is partly of our own making.” Considering the U.S.-Iranian relationship is utterly one-sided, “partly” is a lame interjection to share the blame. “We installed the shah, who embraced nuclear power as a flag of Persian modernity,” Keller said. In 1953, the U.S., with the U.K., overthrew the democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh. “We indulged Saddam Hussein in his brutish attack on Iran,” Keller said. A war someone else wages is always “brutal,” “brutish.” The U.S. “invaded Afghanistan while paying court to terrorist-breeding (but nuclear) Pakistan.” —Courtesy Japan Times

them too much injustice, we may assume that the desire of many politicians to be elected takes precedence over policy preferences, ethical barriers and moral constraints. Politics in our country is dominated by strong personalities at the expense of substantive political dispensation. We must create a transparent political process with the help of civil society to pressure political parties to become more responsible to their constituencies. Politics requires

change – its Korea policy, which is based on erroneous and obsolete strategic assumptions that are driving away South Korea as a potential regional partner. The fundamental strategic rationale for Beijing to maintain the status quo on the Korean peninsula is to deny the U.S. a possible overland invasion route for the Chinese mainland. In the age when China’s weakest strategic link is the combination of its dependence on imported energy and its lack of capabilities to protect its sea lines of communication, such a rationale is obviously erroneous. Those with the faintest knowledge of American strategic thinking understand that in the event of a military conflict with China (an unthinkable scenario for two nuclear-armed great powers) a land invasion is the last option the Pentagon would pursue. —Courtesy Diplomat

prudence and judgement, which are what we need in life. We must understand that politics is not just about what happens between elections, it is also very important to culture free exercise to choose leaders who would give priority to the interest of the constituents over their own. Politics of the people should aim at feeding the hungry, clothing the unclothed and providing a roof for those that have the sky as their overhead cover; in other words, the welfare of the many who remain unseen, unheard and unsung, despite the sweat and blood with which they nourish the country and make it sustainable. Let politics be the domain of people who yearn to serve the people. If politics needs to grow for our sake then we must not allow the bad people to combine by pursuing the good people to associate with them lest we should fall one by one, a unitised sacrifice in a contemptible struggle. The majority of politician flaunts their wealth, no matter that they owe banks crores of taka as overdue loans. Maybe it is true that we are ruled not by people who fought for our freedom but by those who have the most money. And it does not matter where the money came from. The principle of responsiveness needs to range from the family to all state structures. —Courtesy Daily Star


Farzana Raja appreciates NADRA for facilitating BISP

Pak to get US From Page 1 and American navies and expressed satisfaction over senior level exchanges. The ambassador said Pakistan Navy’s key role in securing sea lanes in North Arabian Sea as part of the anti-piracy international coalition has been widely appreciated in the United States. The vice admiral briefed her on the contributions made by the Pakistan Navy towards multilateral efforts for strengthening of maritime security and counter piracy operations. He expressed the hope for early departure of P-3C maritime aircraft from the United States to Pakistan Pakistan had signed an agreement with the American defense manufacturer Lockheed Martin seven years ago, for the delivery of seven Orion aircrafts.—NNI

STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Federal Minister and Chairperson BISP Madame Farzana Raja has appreciated NADRA’s role in supporting BISP’s initiatives and facilitating the issuance of CNICs and Benazir Debit Cards (BDCs). In a meeting with Mr. Tariq Malik, Chairman NADRA, she said NADRA is playing a pivotal role in the implementation of

BISP’s technology based initiatives and its contribution at every stage of effective implementation of Pakistan’s largest social safety net programme is commendable. The minister praised NADRA’s vital partnership in BISP’s technology based payment mechanisms and issuance of BDCs. She lauded NADRA’s commitment to register poor people, especially marginalized women

from far-flung areas and appreciated its swift response in issuing CNICs to eligible BISP beneficiaries to enable them to benefit from BISP’s initiatives. Madame Farzana Raja also condemned the bomb attack on Benazir Debit Card Centre in Chaman district of Balochistan yesterday and said such malevolent acts can never deter our commitment to serve the poor peoples of Pakistan.

Month-long emergency From Page 1 that ousted Hosni Mubarak two years ago. “We want to bring down the regime and end the state that is run by the Muslim Brotherhood,” said Ibrahim Eissa, a 26-year-old cook, pro-

Senator Rabbani From Page 1 tion of Pakistan. He said that non-democratic forces wished to derail and delay the election process. He reiterated that efforts were being made to install an un- ISLAMABAD: Chairman NADRA, Tariq Malik called on Federal Minister and Chairperson BISP Farzana Raja at her constitutional setup for two to chamber. three years. Answering a question, the senior PPP leader said that efforts were being made to create conditions similar to the From Page 1 From Page 1 1977 general elections, and that member of President, who is not a ‘sword of Damocles’ was The delegation is meeting army’s General Ashfaq Parvez the destiny of the two countries acceptable. Ch. Nisar Ali Khan ‘hanging over democracy’. top Pakistani officials and mili- Kayani, the two sides discussed was shared. This makes it im- said that his party was also comtary leaders to discuss topics of matters of professional interest, perative for the two to move for- mitted to Hazara province. But national security, including coop- with particular focus on enhanc- ward with a joint approach on he added that PML-N would conFrom Page 1 eration on defence from insur- ing defense cooperation and mea- important national and regional sult with other parties on this ischief justice said the Interior gents and border coordination. sures that Afghan National Army issues, and have a joint strategy sue.The PML-N leader also anThe six-member delegation and Pakistan Army intend to take on security issues affecting either nounced that PML-N would Ministry had decided to provide table its own amendment bill for security to the former ambassa- will also visit various defence for an enduring training relation- of two countries, or both. ship. The Afghan Defence Minis- the creation of Bahawalpur and dor. Asma Jahangir said despite institutions. Pakistan army chief General A statement from the army ter thanked Pakistan on relentless South Punjab provinces in line her having written two letters to the Interior Ministry, she had not Ashfaq Parvez Kayani had ex- said that the operationalization of endeavours for peace and stabil- with the resolutions passed by the been contacted by the latter over tended the invitation to the min- the recent agreement on Tripar- ity in Afghanistan. He added that Punjab Assembly. ister during his visit to Kabul in tite Border Standing Operating the threats of extremism and ter“No senior member of the her request. Procedures was also discussed in rorism were faced by both coun- PML-N belonging to Punjab was The chief justice moreover November last year. The officials are expected to detail. tries and could best be combated consulted prior to the formation remarked that the bench wanted The agreement is aimed at with a joint approach. of parliamentary commission, to know why Haqqani had failed talk about recent cross-border attacks which have been a source improving existing security coHe appreciated General which was unlawfully named by to appear before it. Asma Jahangir said her cli- of tension between the two coun- operation and intelligence shar- Kayani for his vision of a peace- President Zardari,” he added. He said that if a resolution ent was not a fugitive, adding that tries in recent months, as well as ing mechanisms between the two ful, stable and united Afghanistan, which was not only in the would be presented regarding Haqqani did not want to take the a “roadmap” for security that countries. Sources said that the cross- interest of Pakistan but also of the BJP, the PML-N would bring risk of returning to Pakistan. She Afghanistan has already handed moreover presented Haqqani’s over to Pakistan about the future border attacks came under dis- region at large. He also thanked the Constitutional amendset-up after the Nato-led military cussion. Pakistan and its security forces ment.—Online letter before the bench. The two sides are likely to for the sacrifices made for the The bench then issued a no- forces withdrawal in 2014, they discuss a roadmap that Afghani- cause of peace in the region. He tice to the interior secretary and said. Visiting Afghan Defense stan has already handed over to extended condolence to the endirected him to explain why From Page 1 Haqqani and his counsel had not Minister General Bismillah Pakistan about the future set-up tire nation and prayed for the debeen informed over security mea- Khan Muhammadi on Monday after the 2014 NATO withdrawal, parted souls and bereaved fami- and re-verify the electoral rolls, lies, both civil and military. a process that might not be comsures to be taken for the former held talks with Pakistan army they said. Defence officials are exGeneral Bismillah particu- pleted on its scheduled time, Febambassador. The hearing was chief General Ashfaq Parvez subsequently adjourned till Feb- Kayani and discussed defense pected to discuss the proposed larly thanked Pakistan on release ruary 1 (2013), due to what ECP cooperation. Strategic Partnership Agreement of some important Taliban pris- insiders said poor law and order ruary 12.—INP On the first of official en- (SPA) between the two countries. oners, which is likely to help situation in the volatile city. gagement the Afghan delegation Pakistan had handed over a draft kicking off a broad-based intraFurther, in a rare developvisited the army’s headquarters of the SPA to Afghan foreign Afghan dialogue. General ment the Army has set up a ConFrom Page 1 in Rawalpindi and laid wreath a minister when he visited Kayani reiterated Pakistan’s trol Room here at the office of stance and desire for a peaceful, the Sindh Election CommisImran said two or three coalition ‘Yadgar-e-Shuhada’ or martyrs Islamabad last month. Military sources said both stable and united Afghanistan, sioner. parties cannot take such impor- memorial built to pay homage to those who sacrificed lives in the sides showed understanding for and the need for a successful AfThe Electoral Voter Verifitant decisions. the fact that not only the geogra- ghan-owned – Afghan-led peace cation Coordination Cell He also opposed the inclu- war on terror. During the meeting with the phy, history and culture, but also process for the purpose (EVVCC) would work under a sion of Mianwali district in the colonel level army officer at the Bahawalpur South Punjab provECP Sindh to what an on-duty ince. army man said coordinate with Imran said PTI would start a the ECP staff and address the protest movement, if PML-N and verification-related reservations PPP strike a deal over caretaker From Page 1 of the political parties and gensetup. He said people would take to of this controversy, the bid com- a Turkish bidder to the project ception amongst the ordinary eral public. “The Chief Election Comstreets if impartial caretaker setup mittee did not open the financial called it a foul to declare its bid public during an ongoing interwas not introduced, adding bids. And the section 33 of the as non-responsive only to facili- national tender process. We have missioner (CEC) said Army change should only come PPRA rules allowed rejection of tate Pakistan Gas Port even remained seriously committed would henceforth accompany the through elections, and not all bids to ensure fair competi- though its bid bond for $1 mil- and have proactively participated ECP verifiers,” said a participant lion was issued by the National in every apparent initiative by the of the meeting of political parthrough any unconstitutional tion. He said the ministry would Bank of Pakistan that even issued Government to import LNG into ties convened by CEC means. Meanwhile, talking to pri- seek guidelines from the ECC as certificates to confirm that the Pakistan in the last two years. Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim here at It says that M/S GEI Paki- ECP Sindh office on Monday. vate TV channel, PTI leader Aila to how to move ahead with the bond was of the required amount. The meeting was attended Malik said people of Mianwali project but it would recommend It also made a formal complaint stan (GEIP) is a company regiswould resist any attempt to in- fresh bidding to make the process to the Transparency International. tered in Pakistan, owned by for- by the representatives of over Global Energy said the rel- eign investors. GEIP has com- eight politico-religious parties clude the district in the new prov- transparent and avoid litigation. Global Energy International evant chapter III of the foreign pleted every requirement to de- which concluded their three-day ince.—Online exchange manual of the SBP re- liver LNG to Pakistan by suc- sit-in outside the ECP Sindh ofquired that except with the gen- cessfully including the most cred- fice Monday saying if their deeral or special permission of the ible international counterparties mands were not met they would SBP, all transactions in foreign to their project team. We have join the PML-N’s sit-in outside exchange shall be carried out at spent more than USD 17 million the Parliament House. rates authorised by the SBP. until today and completed of all Global Energy International required permits and licenses in in its statement said SSGC can- Pakistan, leased land from Port not validly and lawfully stipulate Qasim Authority (PQA), preany new conditions i.e. the for- pared Environmental and Social From Page 1 eign exchange rate applicable, at Impact Assessment on World the post-bidding stage with re- Bank standards, completed all Jan 18. Also last week, a petition spect to its right to determine the required field and navigation sur- was filed in the Supreme Court rate of exchange of US dollars veys in highest standards, com- requesting it to stop Bokhari from over and above a scheduled bank. pleted FEED study for LNG Ter- working as chairman of the buAll efforts to this effect are tan- minal prepared by Foster reau. The petitioner had argued tamount to a violation of PPRA Wheeler, World’s leading LNG Rules. terminal designer and construc- that in spite of rampant corrupSuch misinformation, once tor, recruited the most experi- tion in the country amounting to published in esteemed daily enced international EPC contrac- billions of rupees, the NAB chairnewspapers, has the potential to tors, secured a state of the art, man had failed to take necessary damage the reputation of our brand new technology, low cost, action. Moreover, in 2012, the company and create a biased per- environmentally friendly. apex court had issued a show cause notice to Bokhari seeking an explanation why he should not be arraigned under contempt charges for not implementing the court’s ruling in the RPP case. have been reported in Lahore most STAFF REPORTER of them in Lahore. LAHORE—Punjab Health DeFrom Page 1 partment has decided that children decision to withdraw the murder who have not been vaccinated for case was against provincial aumeasles, polio, hepatitis and TB tonomy. will not be issued their birth cerFrom Page 1 After hearing the petitioner’s tificates nor will they be allowed ing general elections, the arguments, Justice Maqbool admission in schools. These decisions were taken in dissolution of assemblies and the Baqir of the SHC issued notices to Qazi, the Sindh government, a meeting chaired by DCO Lahore caretaker setup, sources said. Other key matters, such as Inspector General Sindh Police following countless deaths due to measles, polio, hepatitis and TB. the demands of Pakistan Awam Fayyaz Leghari, the owners of Schools across the city will also Tehrik (PAT) chief Tahirul Qadri the fire-struck factory and others be informed that children without and a march in Islamabad to appear in court on Feb 14 and proper vaccinations should not be planned by the opposition Paki- submit their replies. The fire at the garment facadmitted under any circum- stan Muslim League–Nawaz (PML-N), were also discussed tory had claimed at least 258 lives stances. in September last year. Over 1,000 cases of measles during the meeting.

Pak values its ties with Kabul

PML-N

Memogate

ECP to re-verify

Imran

ECC likely to allow re-bidding

NAB Chairman

Child vaccination made mandatory

SHC issues

President chairs PPP core body

NAB prosecutor From Page 1 Kamran Faisal. Faisal, who was investigating the Rs22 billion rental power projects scam, was found hanging from a ceiling fan in his official residence in Federal Lodges, Islamabad, on Jan 18. His death came three days after the Supreme Court ordered the arrest of Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf and 15 others in connection with the scam. Voicing his objection during Monday’s hearing of the case over Faisal’s death, Agha said he was not satisfied with the constitution of the bench comprising Justice Jawwad S Khawaja and Justice Khilji Arif Hussain. The Supreme Court subsequently directed Agha to submit his reservations in writing. In his remarks, Justice Khilji said the Supreme Court wanted to examine the objections on the constitution of the bench. Moreover, Justice Khawaja said the court was focused on the connection that the investigator’s death may have had with the RPP case. Justice Khawaja said both the government and the court wanted to ensure rule of law in the country, adding that the government had also constituted a commission to probe the matter. Responding to which, the NAB’s prosecutor general said if the court ruled on the matter, the work done by the government-made commission would be of no consequence. Subsequently, the court designated Anwar Kamal as amicus curiae in the case and adjourned the hearing to Feb 1. Last week, the Supreme Court had decided to take up the case of the mysterious death and said it was probing the case as it wanted to ascertain the truth over the demise of the man who was investigating the high-profile scam involving the prime minister.

tecting his face from teargas wafting towards him from police lines near Tahrir, the cauldron of the 2011 revolt. Propelled to power in a June election by the Brotherhood, Mursi’s presidency has lurched through a series of political crises and violent demonstrations, compounding his task of shoring up a teetering economy and preparing for a parliamentary election to cement the new democracy in a few months. “The protection of the nation is the responsibility of everyone. We will confront any threat to its security with force and firmness within the remit of the law,” Mursi said, offering condolences to families of victims in the canal zone cities. WASTE: Appealing to his opponents, the president called for a national dialogue on Monday at 6 p.m. (1600 GMT), inviting a range of Islamist allies as well as liberal, leftist and other opposition groups and individuals to discuss the crisis. The main opposition National Salvation Front coalition gathered in Cairo to discuss a response, but several members have already suggested they do not expect much from the meeting, raising the prospect of poor attendance. “Unless the president takes responsibility for the bloody events and pledges to form a government of national salvation and a balanced committee to amend the constitution, any dialogue will be a waste of time,” Mohamed ElBaradei, a promi-

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nent politician who founded the Constitution Party, wrote on Twitter. Hamdeen Sabahy, a leftist politician and presidential candidate who is another leading member of the Front, said he would not attend Monday’s meeting “unless the bloodshed stops and the people’s demands are met”.—Reuters

COURT NOTICE In the Court of Syed Imam Ali Shah, Judge Banking Court No-II District Courts Gujranwala Suit No.47/2013 Silk Bank G.T Road Gujranwala —Plaintiff Versus Khalid Javed —Defendant Summons U/S 9 (5) of the Financial Institutions (Recovery of Finances) Ordinance; 2001 (Ordinance No.XLVI of 2001) Summons to: Khalid Javed S/ O Abdul Rashid R/O H NO363-A Model Town Gujranwala. WHEREAS the aforesaid plaintiff has instituted a suit against you and other for the recovery of Rs=25,671,165/ 68/- along with mark up/interest and cost etc, claimed to be payable by you A Summons u/s 9(5) Ordinance XIVI of 2001 referred to above is hereby issued requiring you to make within 30 days of the service of the Summon, an application for leave to defend the suit in the form of written statement U/ S 10 of the said ordinance. Take notice that on your failure to file such application within time specified above, the Banking Court shall pass a decree as prayed for in the plaint, in the favour of the plaintiff Banking Company. Next date for further proceedings, in the case has been fixed on 13.03.2013. Given under my hand and the seal of the court, this 24.01.2013 Seal of the Court Banking Court II Gujranwala


Hundreds of families displaced in 4 days of clashes Death toll in Khyber Agency rises to 81 TARIQ SAEED

Terror bid foiled Q UETTA —law enforcement agency on Monday foiled a terror bid by diffusing explosive material planted on a bicycle in Kaichi Beg area here. According to police sources, a suspicious bicycle, with 10 kg explosive material planted on it, parked near a petrol pump spread panic in Kaichi Beg area of Quetta. On getting information, police along with bomb disposal squad (BDS) reached the site and immediately sealed the entire area. The BSD diffused the bomb after a grueling effort and cleared the area. —INP

‘Avoid sin-in’ ISLAMABAD—Commerce Minister Makhdoom Amin Fahim has urged PML-N leadership to avoid staging a sit-in plan in front of the parliament. PML-N had announced to stage a sit-in in front of the Parliament House for a stronger and more independent Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP). In a statement issued on Monday, Amin Fahim said PML-N and PML-F should utilize the forum of parliament instead of staging the sit-in to get the issues resolved. —Online

Lawyers boycott courts Staff Reporter QUETTA—The lawyers continued the boycott of judicial proceedings in the entire province including its capital city on Monday against a murder attempt on Supreme Court’s senior lawyer. It should be mentioned here that a joint strike by Balochistan Bar Association, Balochistan Bar Council and High Court Bar Association is currently in progress in the city in protest against an attack on senior SC lawyer Riaz Advocate, who was stabbed in an ambush while he was on way to his office. He is being given medical treatment. The lawyers are boycotting the courts across the province in protest against the incident.

KARACHI: Central Secretary General of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-F Hafiz Hussain Ahmad, Muhammad Hussain Mehanti of Jamaat-e-Islami, Owais Noorani of Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan and other parties’ leaders joining hands to show solidarity at a sit-in staged for new constituencies and correction of voters’ lists outside Election Commission Sindh Office.

Fuel adjustment charges from consumers illegal: LHC STAFF R EPORTER LAHORE—The Lahore High Court (LHC) on Monday declared collection of fuel adjustment charges from consumers consuming up to 350 units per month as illegal while referred the case of those using more than 350 units to the National Electric Power Regularity Authority (Nepra). The court asked the Nepra to decide the matter according to the law. The petitioners submitted that the federal government was collecting bil-

Musharraf admits NRO a mistake

lions of rupees through fuel adjustment surcharges in electricity bills. They contended that the public was already paying different kinds of taxes in electricity bills and the said surcharge was adding to their problems. Earlier, the court had already issued stay order over collection of fuel adjustment charges from consumers using up to 350 units. But, instead of that the government was collecting the same which was violation of court order, the petitioners

Iran sends monkey into space TEHRAN—Iran

said Monday it

NEW YORK—Former military has successfully sent a monkey

ruler and All Pakistan Muslim League (APML) chief General (R) Pervez Musharraf on Monday admitted that the NRO was his mistake, but he claimed that no female students or girls were killed in the Lal Masjid tragedy. Talking to media on the sidelines of his party meeting, Musharraf said he had never claimed that he got Nawab Akbar Bugti murdered. “When the people talk of cessation, then the state will come into action,” Musharraf explained. Former president admitted that the National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO) was his mistake and on oath claimed that no girlstudents or girls were killed in the Lal Masjid tragedy. He said that back home he would neither seek mercy from anyone nor would beg for pardon. But, he again didn’t give any definite date of his return to the homeland.—INP

added. They requested the court to declare the fuel adjustment surcharges illegal. A federal government counsel appeared before the court and informed it that fuel adjustment surcharge was not a tax but it had been included in the cost of electricity. The counsel added that the government was already giving subsidy of Rs 300 million to the consumers. He said that a relief to the consumers could only be granted under the law.

into space, describing the launch as another step toward Tehran’s goal of a manned space flight. According to a brief report on state TV, the rocket dubbed Pishgam, or Pioneer in Farsi, reached a height of 120 kilometers (72 miles). The report gave no other details on the timing or location of the launch, but said the monkey safely returned to earth. Still images broadcast on state TV showed a small, gray-tufted monkey presumably being prepared for the flight, including wearing a type of body protection and being strapped tightly into a pod that resembled an infant’s car seat. The photos draw historical links to the earliest years of the space race in the 1950s when both the US and Soviet Union tested the boundaries of rocket flight with animals on board,

including American capsules carrying monkeys and Moscow’s crafts holding dogs. Many of the animals on the flights perished because of equipment failure or technology unable to cope with re-entry from orbit. Iran has long said it seeks to send an astronaut into space as part of its ambitious aerospace program, including plans for a new space center announced last year. In 2010, Iran said it launched an Explorer rocket into space carrying a mouse, a turtle and worms. The US and its allies worry that technology from the space program could also be used to develop long-range missiles that could potentially be armed with nuclear warheads. Iran denies it seeks atomic weapons and claims it is pursuing nuclear reactors only for energy and medical applications.—AP

HC judges appointed as appellate tribunals STAFF REPORTER

PESHAWAR—There was no letup in the bloody clashes between the Taliban militants and the those loyal to the Ansaar ul Islam, a progovernment banned religious outfit, in Khyber agency as dozens more have fallen prey to the infightings on Monday the fourth consecutive day taking the death toll to 81. In the meanwhile as the clashes spread to Tiraah, Bara and Jamrod Tehsils, the official forces came to the rescue of the Ansaar ul Islam men and the PAF jets pounded TTP positions in Tiraah valley. The bombings and the continued battle between the rival groups have forced hundreds of families to leave their homes and migrate to the comparatively safer places. Fierce clashes between the two militant groups, it may be recalled, started Friday early morning in the remote Tiraah valley near the Afghan border when the militants from TTP captured the base of Ansaar ul Islam, who tried to re-take the base and fighting. Scores of TTP militants armed with mortars and rockets reportedly launched an attack on the positions of the AI west and north of Maidan from Arghenjo in the Orakzai Agency and Kukkikhel area in Tiraah valley. After a brief fight, the TTP captured three hilltops from the Kukki Khel side, namely Kalawooch, Angori Sar and Drey Stanay, and two positions from the Arghenjo side named Qismat Sangar and Sengakh Sar in the AI-

I SLAMABAD —The Election Commission of Pakistan has nominated Judges of the High Court of Sindh as Appellate Tribunal for disposal of appeals against the decisions of the Returning Officers in respect of candidates, for bye-election to the Provincial Assembly of Sindh. The appellate tribunals will take appeals in respect of (i) PS73 Jamshoro-cum-Dadu, (ii) PS84 Thatta-I, (iii) PS-101 Karachi-XIII, (iv) PS-103 Karachi-XV, (v) PS-113 Karachi-XXV, and (vi) PS-115 Karachi-XXVII. The nominated judges of High Court of Sindh as Appellate Tribunal are as under: Justice Faisal Arab, and Justice Naimatullah Phulpoto. SRINAGAR—A cross-border bus service between India and Pakistan, suspended along with trade after deadly army clashes earlier this month, resumed on Monday in a sign of easing tension between the neighbours. Ismail Khan, director-general STAFF REPORTER of a government body that overL AHORE —US Ambassador to sees trade and travel in PakistaniPakistan, Richard Olson said a administered Kashmir, confirmed strong democratic system is im- that trade would resume Tuesday. perative for Pakistan and all the “We closed it because of direct political parties want to keep the firing from the Indian side on the democracy intact in the country. road where the goods trucks were He further said that the US does passing. Now the firing has not support any specific indi- stopped, we will resume it,” he vidual or political party in Paki- said. Talking to Radio Kashmir, stan. He was talking to the media Poonch-Rawalakot bus service representatives after visiting provider and trade custodian Badshahi Mosque and the poet of Lakshmana said that a total of 217 East Allama Iqbal’s mausoleum passengers including 109 from Indian-administered Kashmir and here on Monday. Security was beefed up on this 108 from Pakistani-administered occasion as a heavy contingent of Kashmir have already crossed the police and rangers was deployed border. Cross-border trade, on the adjacent areas to avert any which had been encouraged in recent years as a means to improve untoward incident. strained relations between New

controlled part of the valley, the sources said. Soon after the attack by the TTP, the head of the AI Qazi Mehboob informed his supporters through his FM broadcast about the situation and asked them to rush towards the losing positions to retake them from the enemy. Subsequently, hundreds of armed volunteers and local tribesmen assembled in Bagh, the AI headquarters, and marched towards the west and north and launched an attack on the TTP occupying positions on their area called Maidan. Sources in Bara Khyber agency told this Pakistan Observer that Monday also saw bloody clashes between the two groups in Tiraah, Bara and Jamrod Tehsils, which wore a view of battlefield, resulted in killing of around twenty more people from

LoC trade, bus services resume

US supports democratic system in Pakistan: Olson

Delhi and Islamabad, was also set to resume on Tuesday after being frozen for the last two weeks. “We are assessing losses the traders suffered because they could not send perishable items across on time,” Shant Manu, secretary for industries and commerce in Indian-administered Kashmir, told AFP. The recent flare-up along the Line of Control (LoC) that divides Kashmir between India and Pakistan saw a total of five soldiers killed earlier this month, with fears that tensions between the two countries could escalate. A ceasefire agreement on January 16 between commanders in both armies has held, however, with politicians on both sides seen as keen to avoid wrecking recent progress in their slow-moving peace process.The cross LoC bus service from Poonch in Indian-administered Kashmir to Rawalakot in the Pakistani administered side began in 2005 to enable members of divided families in the region to meet each other.. —AFP

both the sides and according to rough estimates more than 80 people have been killed in the four days of infighting with both the sides showing no signs of backing off. “At least 81 persons have been killed so far in clashes between the Tiraah-based banned organization Ansaar ul Islam (AI) and the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) that erupted on Friday and there are no signs of letup in the fighting as both the groups appear to be in no mood of giving up”. Official and independent local sources said. It was reported that the warring groups continue fighting with heavy and most sophisticated weapons all the day long and pause in the night as the clashes restart immediately after the dawn.

DPC demands consultation on interim set up STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Difa-e-Pakistan Council (DPC) chief Maulana Samiul Haq said no controversial or anti-Islamic caretaker setup would be acceptable and DPC, representing a large section of the society, should also be consulted for the nomination of the caretaker prime minister in the country. Talking to media representatives at Mansoora here on Monday, Maulana Samiul Haq said DPC was constituted purely on the ground to defend the country’s sovereignty and integrity but still they believed that fair and transparent elections were imperative for the security and progress of the country. He said DPC, comprising of 40 religious and political parties, have a right to be consulted to formulate any caretaker setup and if any controversial prime minister would be made against their wishes so they would on the roads against this unconstitutional act.


Car commuters gain more weight

P

EOPLE driving to work every day are packing on more pounds than their colleagues on trains, buses and bikes, according to a new study from Australia. “Even if you are efficiently active during leisure time, if you use a car for commuting daily then that has an impact on weight gain,” lead author Takemi Sugiyama of the Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute in Melbourne told Reuters Health. Among people in the study who got at least two and a half hours of weekly exercise, car commuters gained an average of four pounds over four years one pound more than people who got to work another way or worked from home. Of 822 study participants, only those who got enough weekly exercise and never drove to work managed to stave off any weight gain over the course of the study. Participants who didn’t get enough weekly exercise also gained weight, but how much they gained wasn’t tied to their mode of getting to work, according to results published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. “Simply achieving the amount of moderate physical activity otherwise recommended won’t provide enough compensation to overcome the effect of commuting for a long period of time,” said Lawrence Frank of the School of Community and Regional Planning at

the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. But there are probably other factors at work that were not considered in the study, noted Frank, who was not involved in the new research. “People who have longer commutes tend to purchase a lot of their food and run a lot of errands on their way to and from work,” which could influence weight gain, Frank told Reuters Health. And 80 percent of car trips are non-commuting, he points out. Previous studies that focused on total time spent in cars per day have also found a link to becoming overweight or obese. A 2004 study of adults in Atlanta, Georgia, found that each additional hour of time spent in a car each day was associated with a six percent increase in the chances of obesity. “Commuting is a truly important predictor of obesity,” Frank said. In Australia, about 80 percent of working adults take a car to work every day - similar to the 86 percent figure in the U.S. But many of those people don’t have another option, said Sugiyama, who researches health risks in daily life. “The message is, if possible try to avoid cars, but for many people that sort of choice isn’t available,” he said. That’s largely due to the layout of cities and suburban areas, according to Frank, a registered landscape architect.

ISLAMABAD: A view of long queue of vehicles outside a CNG station in federal Capital.

Mushtaq Yusufi appointed Deputy Chair of FUU Senate OBSERVER REPORT

Kamran Faisal case

Chemical, forensic report to reveal actual cause of death: IGP

Electricity facility in weekly bazaars demanded STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The weekly bazaar of the Capital Devel-

I S L A M A B A D — I n s p e c t o r taken all the evidences sent to Mian Chanu to meet opment Authority (CDA) loGeneral Police (IGP) Islamabad Bani Amin Khan Monday said that chemical examination and forensic report of postmortem would reveal the actual cause of death of NAB’s investigation officer Kamran Faisal. Talking to newsmen on the occasion of inauguration of a modern reporting center in Shalimar police station in F10 on Monday informed that 34 persons, including eight government officials have recorded their statements to the police in the case and no official of NAB refused to give his statement. According to initial investigation report of the police, Kamran Faisal committed suicide, he said, adding that police had

from the site in its custody. He further said that modern reporting centers would be formed in all police stations of the federal capital and well educated officials would be deployed their. He said that police was doing its best to resolve the mystery behind Kamran Faisal’s death and was investigating the case from all possible aspects. He said that a team of police officials was again being

Kamran’s parents to satisfy them about the investigations. Bani Amin said that forensic report of postmortem of the NAB investigation officers have yet not come and the reality would be revealed after the forensic and chemical report of the post mortem. To a question that how a waste-band can bear 80 kilograms weight, the IGP replied that police hang a person with the waste-band and it bore his weight.—INP

STAFF REPORTER

ISLAMABAD —The sub-comISLAMABAD—President Asif mittee of the National AsAli Zardari, Monday, appointed Mushtaq Ahmed Yusufi as Deputy Chair of the Senate of the Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology. The appointment has been made on the advice of the Higher Education Commission. Mushtaq Ahmed Yusufi has rich experience, background and knowledge of Urdu and has earned laurels nationally as well as internationally as a great Urdu literary personality. He has served as the President of the United Bank Limited, as well as the Chairman of the Pakistan Banking Council and was awarded Quaid-i-Azam Memorial Medal for distinguished services in Banking. He has also been awarded Sitara-e-Imtiaz and Hilal-e-Imtiaz by the Government of Pakistan.

ISLAMABAD: Inspector General Islamabad Police Bani Amin Khan cutting ribbon to inaugurate Modern Reporting Section in Shalimar Police Station.

CDA asked to remove Afghan Basti

cated at Peshawar Morr comprising over 2,700 stalls has been running without electricity facility despite passage of four years of its establishment. The weekly bazaars known as Peshawar Morr bazaar, was established in 2008 in order to facilitate and provide relief to middle class and poor segment of population in the federal capital but electricity in the bazaar could not be ensured so far due to which shoppers and stallholder face problems.

sembly Standing Committee on Cabinet Division Monday asked the Capital Development Authority to remove Afghan Basti located in sector I-11 or else the body would move the court. The committee met here at the Parliament House under the chair of Hameedullah Jan Afridi that was attended by the Special Secretary Cabinet Shahidullah Baig, Dr. Tariq Fazal Chaudhry, officers of the CDA and the Islamabad Police. The committee

convenor said the low-salaried employees had been allotted plots in the residential sector but they had been awaiting possession of their property. He said the CDA should immediately evacuate the land from clutches of the land grabbers and legal action would be recommended against the officer found involved in negligence in this regard. The committee members said the body would monitor the operation in the said sector. The meeting was told that some elements had been hindering the operation and the land

grabbers also comprised the drug peddlers and those having no registration in official record. The representative of the Ministry of States and Frontier Regions apprised the committee that the Afghan Basti consists of only a few Afghan Refugees those can be easily shifted to somewhere else but a lot of people had been illegally staying there. The committee members agreed that the evacuation should be made according to the set schedule and timely measures should be taken to improve administrative functioning.

Laghari demands withdrawal of HEC Amendment Bill STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The Higher Education Commission (HEC) Chairman Dr. Javaid R. Laghari has written a letter to Prime Minister Pervaiz Ashraf demanding withdrawal of the HEC Amendment Bill (2012) amid reports that the government was planning legislation which may affect the autonomous status of HEC. In the letter Javaid Laghari said the great advances that Pakistan has made under the HEC, under the PM’s guidance as the controlling authority, and is now the envy of most developing countries, will begin to fall apart if the private members HEC Amendment Bill 2012 is passed by the Parliament. The private members HEC amendment bill was moved by two MNAs and was discussed in the NA Standing Committee on Education and Training on January 23, 2013. “The amendment bill, if

passed, will take away the autonomy of the HEC, with the prime minister as the controlling authority, and place it under the Ministry of Education and Training as a division, much like the UGC of yesteryears. It will also take away the functions of the HEC which maintain quality at the universities. It will reduce the terms of the chairman, the board members and the executive director from four years to three, which does not conform to all appointments in the academic community and the universities, like the vice chancellors, members of the Senate and syndicate, board of governors, etc. which are all of four years,” the HEC chairman wrote in the letter, a copy of which is available with INP. The HEC position on the Private Members Bill was communicated to the NA Committee. The chairman HEC informed the committee that HEC Ordinance 2002 was created following a yearlong intense

review and debate of the higher education sector by a 17 member task force on higher education consisting of eminent academics and other personalities taken from across the country. The autonomy of the HEC was envisaged by the task force along the lines of similar higher education commissions functioning in other fast developing countries. The chairman HEC informed the committee that after 10 years of HEC, it is time to review the functioning of the HEC as the world has moved considerably forward. He informed the committee that HEC reforms are already becoming the envy of other countries in the region. “While Turkey already has a similar autonomous commission much like the HEC, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka are in the process of replicating the HEC model, and India is going a step further and establishing a supra-HEC with far reaching consequences to position itself as a regional leader,” he wrote.

Exhibition on disaster risk management STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD —National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) Monday arranged a 2-day exhibition of the IEC and promotional material on disaster risk management as well as an Innovative Initiative Conference. Minister for Science and Technology Changez Khan Jamali inaugurated the exhibition. The minister alongwith the Chairman NDMA Dr. Zafar Iqbal Qadir visited the stalls exhibiting the promotional material on DRM. In the exhibition Promotional Materials, Publications, including audios and videos have been placed.

Jamali said such events are the need of time to disseminate the public on endeavors undertaken by the NDMA in disaster management. He said such promotional activities should be organized at provincial and district levels. NDMA has taken substantial steps during disasters that have struck the nation in form of floods, earthquake, avalanches and cyclones and NDMA is playing vital part in enhancing the knowledge of the nation, he added. Dr. Zafar said that over the years NDMA has taken substantial steps in managISLAMABAD: Federal Minister for Science and Technology Mir. Changez Khan Jamali ing disasters and now the visiting different stalls during the 2 days exhibition and conference on IEC materials on model has evolved from disaster risk management. DRM to DRR. NDMA can

now proudly state that the main emphasis is on disaster mitigation and preparedness to reduce the risk of human and financial losses. However, DRM is also the priority. NDMA is complete institution supported by NIDM and NDMF that help the organization for effectively manage a wide array of disasters in Pakistan. The exhibition will help to develop a resource center at federal level that could serve with standardized material like publications, videos, audios. To be used by any institution and service provider under Public-Private Partnership Programme, he added.

Ambassadors designate call on PM I SLAMABAD —Mr A. B. K. Babar, Mr. Sajjad Kamran, Mr. Muhammad Saeed Khan, Mr. Riaz H. Bukhari and Syed Abrar Hussein, Ambassadors designate to Russia, Sweden, Maldives, Uzbekistan and Kuwait respectively, paid a courtesy call on Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf Monday. The Prime Minister expressed the hope that Ambassadors designate would devotedly work to take Pakistan’s relations with their accredited countries to new heights. The Prime Minister said that ambassadors designate must focus on economic diplomacy in view of the significance of economic ties with the countries to which they have been accredited. The Prime Minister urged the ambassadors designate to introduce the true image of Pakistan during their tenures in their accredited countries. The Prime Minister wished them success and hoped that their stay would be beneficial and fruitful for promoting Pakistan’s interests abroad. The Prime Minister congratulated the Ambassadors designate on their posting and expressed the confidence that given their experience they would work to further expand Pakistan’s relations with these countries.—NNI

SDPI, IDRC award fellowships to South Asian students STAFF REPORTER I S L A M A B A D —Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) and International Development Research Center (IDRC) award fellowship grants to students from South Asian countries to pursue higher education in social sciences. In the second round of fellowships grants, ten students were selected from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan to study Masters, M.Phil and Ph.D in the field of governance, security and justice in various universities across South Asia, said a press release here on Monday. The recipient of fellowships include Ranjini Basu, Piu Chatterjee and Barkha Sharda from India; Kausila Timsina from Bhutan; Bishal Kumar Bhandari from Nepal; Annesa Rahman from Bangladesh; Gullali Jogezai, Saeeda Khan, Amir Mustafa and Muhammad Usman from Pakistan. The fellowships program managed by SDPI and supported by IDRC Canada intend to address research gaps and produce skilled professionals, researchers and policy-makers in South Asian countries.


Abduction case

Zohr

06:20 01:30 04:15 07:30

January 29 MEHFIL-e-Milad will be held at Roots School System DHA-1 campus Islamabad at 3:30 p.m. February 01 THE Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabad is organizing a Public Talk on ‘Peacekeeping, Peace building and State4building in Afghanistan: Lessons from Liberia by Ms. Ellen Margrethe Loej, Chair of the International Board and Members of PLAN International and Former Special Representative of the UN, Secretary General for Liberia, at 1130 hrs at its premises. February 05 PRIME Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf to chair Kashmir Convention to mark the Kashmir Solidarity Day at the Auditorium Hall, Prime Minister Secretariat, Islamabad at 3:00 pm. Speakers include President AJK Sardar Muhammad Yaqub Khan, Prime Minister AJK Chaudhry Abdul Majeed and others.

NADRA to open computerized arms registration office

Maulana Aziz, Umme Hasaan acquitted STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The court has acquitted the Khateeb of Lal Masjid Maulana Abdul Aziz and his spouse Umme Hasaan alongwith four other accused in the case regarding abduction of Islamabad police personnel The hearing of the case was resumed on Monday in the court of Senior Civil Judge Islamabad Sheikh Muhammad Sohail on the occasion all the accused including Maulana Abdul Aziz, Umme Hasaan, Maulana Abdul Basir and Maulana Muhmmad Afzal were present in the court alongwith their counsel Wajih Ullah Khan Advocate,

whereas Raja Faisal Ghani and Inspector(Legal) Arshad Mehmood appeared in the court on behalf of Capital Territory Police. The court had reserved the decision of the case in the last proceeding on completion of arguments by the lawyers of both sides, which took place on 22 December last year, which was declared on Monday. The text of the verdict said that the court found difference in the statements of witness , meanwhile the police failed to produce any object which was snatched from the police officials at the time of abduction including official jeep and wireless set.

The prosecutors were unsuccessful to prove the accused persons guilty of any crime so the court acquits them honorably of all charges. After the hearing lawyer of Maulana Abdul Aziz, Wajih Ullah Khan while talking to Online outside the court said that the case was in the court since five and half years during that the prosecution failed to prove any charges against his clients . “We are thankful to the independent judiciary due to which renowned Islamic scholar Maulana Abdul Aziz and his cohorts got the justice in the case”, he added.

Workshop on conservation of paper art work I SLAMABAD —Pakistan Na- workshop

R AWALPINDI —Issuance of fitness certificates of vehicles by Motor Vehicle Examiner (MVE) office and driving licenses have been stopped as the government of Punjab did not issue revenue tickets for this year yet. According to the officials of traffic police, revenue tickets for the year 2013 have still not been issued, therefore the citizens were facing problems in getting new driving licenses and renewing old licenses. They said that hundreds of persons return from the office without taking their licenses daily. Meanwhile, officials of Motor Vehicle Examiner (MVE) office said also gave the same reason for not issuing fitness certificates to the vehicles.—INP

tional Council’s Art (PNCA) gallery has a rich collection objects which also are rich art heritage and national treasures. This was stated by Habib Ahmad Khan, Director General of National Archives of Pakistan (NAP) while giving away certificates to participants of two weeks workshop on restoration of art and its conservation arranged at the National Art Gallery conservation centre. Workshops of such kinds had become necessary to stop damages caused to art treasures through varied reasons, he said. At the end chief guest awarded certificates among the participants of the

Mr. Irshad Ahmed, a reprography expert at the NA, conducted this workshop at the NAG, between Jan 7 and 18. In the past PNCA has organized several workshops to train young aspirants and art stake holders for local (Pakistani) as well as foreign experts. Similar workshops in this series were conducted by several experts from Cuba, France, Germany, Italy, and Japan on variety of restoration subjects, in a number of media such as board, canvas, and paper. Art works required a good of time for maintenance and upkeep, said Irshad while speaking in the workshop.—DNA

ISLAMABAD—National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA) is going to open a computerized arms registration office in Sector G-8 of the federal capital today (Tuesday). Chairman NADRA, Tariq Malik said that 50,000 pending arms licenses are being issued on priority basis and the process would take two to three more weeks. He further said that the interior minister had directed the NADRA to issue the arms licenses and renewal of the arms licenses would also be done in two to three weeks. —INP

US to brace up police, help to crime victims STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The US government will support victims of crime and Islamabad Capital Territory Police to create special Police Reporting Rooms (PRRs) at areas adjacent to police stations in the federal capital. According to a press release of the US embassy i s s u e d h e r e M o n d a y, crimes in Pakistan often go unreported and victims of crime endure long delays and mandatory searches when entering police stations to file First Incident Reports (FIR). Many police stations also lack proper interview facilities, which further frustrates the process for both crime victims and police officers.

AEO’s education exhibition

ISLAMABAD: Journalists holding sit-in outside Parliament House against the killing of journalists in various

Citizens, transporters incidents in the country. demand issuance of Journalists stage revenue tickets sit-in outside

ISLAMABAD: Habib Ahmad Khan, DG National Archives of Pakistan being briefed by a participant of two weeks workshop of Restoration/Conservation of Paper Art Work about her work in closing ceremony at PNCA.

Eid Milad-un-Nabi (PBUH) global fest: Pir Naqib STAFF REPORTER RAWALPINDI—Eid Milad-unNabi (peace be upon him) is the biggest and most sacred festival in the universe and had there been not this festival, there would have been no other festival. Pir Muhammad Naqibur-Rehman, custodian of Eidgah shrine, stated this while addressing a large congregation in connection with the celebration of Eid Milad-un-Nabi (peace be upon him). “Celebration of Eid Milad-un-Nabi is sign of being faithful. Remembrance of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) on this auspicious occasion is extremely good act that is also joined by the angels and is forthwith accepted by Almighty Allah,” he said. The custodian of Eidgah

shrine said that remembrance of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) continues throughout the universe all the time. He said that no amount of celebration can suffice the occasion of Eid Milad-un-Nabi (peace be upon him). He said that while celebrating the occasion, the Muslims must renew their faith and pledge to make Medina Munawwara focus of their attention for solution of all their problems. Speaking on the occasion, MNA Hanif Abbasi said that he considers it a privilege to participate in the celebrations of Eid Milad-un-Nabi (peace be upon him). He said the occasion is celebrated in every nook and corner of Pakistan in particular and across the Islamic world in general. A large number of people

from various areas of the country as well as twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad attended the congregation. On the occasion, the venue was decorated with colourful buntings and lights. Sahibzada Pir Muhammad Hassan Hasib-ur-Rehman and several others recited Naats while MNA Malik Ibrar Ahmed, Allama Syed Arif Shah Gilani, Allama Ghulam Mustafa Rizvi, Maulana Faisal Mahmood Naqshbandi, Maulana GA Haq Chishti, Khawaja Wajahat Jamil and Bashir Ahmed Sialvi were prominent among others who spoke on the occasion. In the end, Pir Naqib-ur-Rehman prayed for the unity among Muslims; progress, prosperity and security of Pakistan and it was followed by distribution of sweets and food.

STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—AEO’s Australian Education Exhibition has catered hundreds of students across 5 major cities of Pakistan. More than 18 top ranked Australian Universities have participated in the event providing great prospects for Pakistani students to study in World renowned universities abroad. The series of expo started from Karachi on 20th -21st January, Lahore on 22nd - 23rd January, Islamabad on 25th & 26th January and today the last expo of this session is being conducted in RAWALPINDI: Pir Muhammad Naqib-ur-Rehman, custodian of Eidgah shrine, addressFaisalabad and Peshawar. ing a large congregation in connection with the celebration of Eid Milad-un-Nabi (PBUH).

Parliament House STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The journalist community staged a sit-in in front of the Parliament House on Monday demanding proper security and implementation of wage award. Representatives of different political parties also participated in the sit-in in support of the journalists’ demands. President Pakistan Federal Union of Journalists Pervaiz Shaukat expressed grave concern over killing of journalists and life threats. He demanded foolproof security for journalists so that they could work without pressures. He also demanded implementation of the wage award. Lawmakers in the Upper House of Parliament expressed solidarity with the journalists and announced to join them in sit-in outside the Parliament House.

RCB fails to shift Bhatta Chowk dumping point STAFF REPORTER R AWA L P I N D I—The Rawalpindi Cantonment Board (RCB) has failed to immediately remove dumping point from Bhatta Chowk as Civil Aviation Authority (CCA) has refused to grant no-objection certificate (NOC) to the civic authority for the development of dumping site on Chakri Road. It should be mentioned here that RCB authorities had planned to procure 180 kanals land at Chakri Road for shifting of dumping point outside residential areas following strong protest from residents of surrounding localities as the filth depot has been polluting the environment. RCB had applied for NOC from the CCA before procuring the land for dump-

ing site. The CAA has refused to allow RCB to establish the filth depot at Chakri Road because the area was located at the distance of just nine kilometres from under construction New Benazir Bhutto International Airport. When contacted, Rana Manzoor Ahmed Khan, Rawalpindi Cantonment Board Cantonment Executive Officer, confirmed that terming the dumping point dangerous for the new airport, CAA have rejected the request of the civic agency for NOC. He said that after the rejection of NOC to the authority, RCB is planning to procure land at Adiala Road but the proposed site is 22 kilometres and shifting solid waste to the site would increase transportation charges.

Courier companies to train staff to counter drugs smuggling RAWALPINDI—Anti-Narcotics Force (ANF) and courier companies of the country have expressed their willingness to counter drugs smuggling through courier services in the interest of the country. A meeting of ANF officials and representatives of different courier companies was held in this regard at the ANF Headquarters Rawalpindi the other day. The meeting discussed the increasing trend of drugs smuggling through courier and parcel services. All representatives of the courier companies agreed to organize trainings for their staffs to educate them about parcel checking and concealment methods commonly used for drugs smuggling. The participants also appreciated the efforts being put in by the ANF to curb the menace of drugs smuggling from the country.—INP


Geelani reiterates terms for talks with India on Kashmir Kashmiris’ inclusion in Pak-India talks process is must S RINAGAR — The veteran of a dialogue process. The vet- self-determination by the dint of Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Geelani has urged India to accept Kashmir as a dispute, announce demilitarization, revoke draconian Armed Forces Special Powers Act and release all illegally detained Kashmiris to pave the way for a negotiated settlement of the Kashmir dispute. Syed Ali Geelani, in response to the puppet Minister, Ali Mohammad Sagar’s speech on Indian Republic Day, said that a suitable ground should be prepared and certain conditions be fulfilled for the resumption MUZAFFARABAD: Muslim Conference leader Pir of Kashmir Ghulam Mustafa Lala called on party Chief Sardar Atique Ahmed Khan.

Govt violating human rights: Hurriyat (G) SRINAGAR—Criticizing the government for unleashing a spree of arrests of the youth, Hurriyat Conference (G) said Omer Abdullah led administration was involved in severe human rights violations in the Valley. In a statement issued here, Hurriyat (G) termed the arrests of the youth as “arbitrary and despotic measures” of the government. The statement said that despite court orders for the release of separatist leader Shakeel Ahmad Yatoo, the activist remains in custody. “Police has raided houses of scores of youth including Hurriyat leader Showkat Ahmad Hajam in Hajin Sonawari,” Hurriyat (G) statement said. Hurriyat (G) alleged the authorities of enforcing a graveyard-like silence in Kashmir by dint of gun. “The government is putting behind bars pro-freedom leaders and activists and imposing curbs on their political activities,” the statement said.Hurriyt (G) spokesman Ayaz Akbar said the health of Yatoo had deteriorated because of his continuous detention despite court orders for his release. “Police has ignored all these orders and rearrested him in cooked and fabricated cases,” Akbar said. He said Yatoo was presently lodged at Police Station Zainapora and despite his ailing health police had failed to provide him medical treatment. Terming his detention unconstitutional and unjustified, Hurriyat (G) demanded his immediate release.—NNI

New Delhi not sincere to solve K-issue: Inqilabi SRINAGAR—The chief patron Jammu Kashmir Mahaz-eAzadi (MeA) Muhammad Azam Inqilabi has said New Delhi was not sincere to solve Kashmir issue and it always wanted peace of graveyard here. “Our martyrs are our identity. It is necessary that we construct martyrs’ memorial in honour of our martyrs,” he said, appealing to the people of Gawkadal, Kupwara and Sopore to build two-storey buildings named as Awaan-eShohada- having a public library and an office and auditorium. Inqilabi castigated Pakistan for its ‘apologetic K-policy’ and said it won’t help in resolving this dispute.—NNI

Mirwaiz concerned over immorality in society Parental authority lost, social decline rapid SRINAGAR—In a stern mes- tionist dowry demands and pro- is because we have distanced sage, Kashmir’s chief cleric and the chairman of the Hurriyat (M), Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, underscored society’s ills, and voiced grave concern on weakening parental authority on the new generation. Speaking during a religious service on the eve of Eid-eMilad-un-Nabi (pbuh), the Mirwaiz made the startling revelation that over 30,000 young women in Srinagar alone were crossing the marrying age because of social evils like extor-

hibitive wedding expenditure their families could not afford. The Mirwaiz urged people to follow the teachings of the Holy Prophet (pbuh), and emulate his conduct to avoid trouble and pitfalls in personal, social and economic spheres. “The blessed life and conduct of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) are a perfect model for us,” he said at the function organised by the Masjid-e-Rahmat in Lal Bazaar. “But today, if we find ourselves in social and moral decline, it

ourselves from his teachings.” “Kashmir, the land of walis and reshis, which has been a symbol of amity, brotherhood, compassion and modesty, has now been reduced to a haven of social evils of the worst kind,” he said. “Waywardness and moral degradation are touching a new high, and the virtue of modesty (sharmo-haya) seems to have been given a burial,” he said. “A sanctified union like marriage has been turned into commerce and exchange of dowry,” he said.—NNI

40pc have no access to safe drinking water in Kashmir SRINAGAR—Kashmir is endowed with abundant water resources yet nearly half of its population has no access to safe drinking water. Admitting that 40 per cent population of the state is yet to have access to potable drinking water, Irrigation and Public Health Engineering Minister, Sham Lal Sharma has directed officers and engineers prioritize redressing people’s problems by improving work culture in the respective units. It is shameful to have 40 per cent population of our state without quality water resulting in spread of various diseases”, Sharma said while addressing executive engineers in a meeting. Sharma was appointed Public Health minister following a major ministerial shake-up last week to improve public image of the government as elections to the state assembly come closer. He said 70 per cent of the diseases in the state is resulted from non-availability of potable water.—NNI

Thousands participate in milad procession in Srinagar S RINAGAR — In occupied

MUZAFFARABAD: PPP Media Advisor Shoukat Javed, Administrator District Council Mir Mushtaq, Senior Vice President Syed Majaz Shah and Shoukat Rathore in a group photo.

Graveyards filled with youth, nothing achieved thru gun: Sagar SRINAGAR—The State Government has told the pro-freedom leadership that there was “no route except dialogue” to resolve Kashmir and they should present their viewpoint to New Delhi. “All issues of whatever nature can be resolved through dialogue and there is no route except dialogue,” said state Rural Development Minister Ali Muhammad Sagar after unfurling tri-color at Bakshi Stadium here. He said Kashmir has been witnessing destruction for past 20 years and the graveyards were filled with thousands of

youth. Sagar said this should stop and those who belong to “different ideology” should realize that nothing could be achieved through gun. The Government had put in stringent security measures to ensure smooth R-Day function at the Bakshi Stadium-main venue of the celebrations in the Valley. This morning authorities suspended mobile phone and internet services all across Kashmir as a security measure. All roads leading to the Stadium were closed and no traffic movement was allowed around it.

Sagar said Chief Minister Omar Abdullah has been reiterating to leadership in New Delhi that good relations between India and Pakistan would pave a way for resolution of Kashmir. He said there were moments like recent Indo-Pak skirmishes at LoC which threatened the relations between the two countries. “But our leadership didn’t allow the process to derail,” Sagar said. He said restoration of peace in Jammu and Kashmir was the “agenda” of the state government and it was a “key” for all activities like tourism and development.—INP

eran leader said that on one hand, Delhi was expecting the Kashmiri leadership to enter into dialogue, but on the other, the Indian troops were engaged in committing blatant violations of human rights in the occupied territory. Meanwhile, Syed Ali Geelani telephonically addressing a condolence reference orgainsed by the Jamaat-eIslami Pakistan in connection with the death of its former Amir, Qazi Hussain Ahmad in Lahore said that India had usurped the Kashmiris’ right to

Political issues can’t be resolved by gun or money JAMMU—Asserting that dia- State,” Omar said in his tele- with the rooting of peace in the logue is the only way forward to resolve issues, Chief Minister Omar Abdullah has asked the pro-freedom Kashmiri leaders to open channels of communication with New Delhi and discuss political issues threadbare to seek amicable solution. “When they can talk to the leadership of neighboring country (Pakistan) they should also talk to the political leadership of their own country and work for settlement of the basic political issues confronting Jammu and Kashmir for the larger interests of the people of the

him away from his family & two children on the basis of both conviction & interpretation of term “life imprisonment”. TADA court, which is a special court to try offences under that Act, has already acquitted him. If the State thought that it had committed an error in acquitting him, there is every possibility that Honorable Supreme court might have also erred in sentencing him. Day in & Day out we find judgments of session courts being reversed by High Courts, those of various High Courts by Supreme Court and it stands to reason that if there had been a court superior to Supreme Court, its decisions could also have been reversed by that superior court. By this logical argument I want to make the point that even our Apex Court can commit judicial errors. In fact in the past many

have been reversed by new judges or another benches of the same supreme court. There is another angle in his conviction which appears to have been ignored. After he was set free by TADA Court, Mr Qasim went abroad and visited Saudi Arabia and London to attend conferences. He was re-arrested at the Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi, on his return from London in 2002. Had he been involved in the heinous crime, he would have never returned to India but settled in any other country by seeking political asylum? After all during his stay abroad, he knew of the fact of State having gone in appeal to highest Court against his order of acquittal by TADA Court. A total miscarriage of justice is in the offing if the definition of life imprisonment”

vised address to the people on the eve of Republic Day. He said political issues cannot be resolved by gun or money but across the table through dialogue. Giving full credit to people of Jammu and Kashmir for helping the government to maintain peace and carry forward development activities to all regions and sub-regions, the Chief Minister said that peace could not have been possible without the active support of common people. He expressed gratitude to them and said that

State, people witnessed all round progress and development and added that the government would further upgrade this process. Omar Abdullah said that people are fountainhead of power and their representatives at grass roots are real agents of socio-economic transformation. He said that the State like Jammu and Kashmir cannot be governed from Srinagar and Jammu Secretariats for its geographical diversity, remoteness and area specific problems.—NNI

Omar’s UN remarks part of NC doublespeak: PDP SRINAGAR–Dismissing Chief mine its future”. Minister Omar Abdullah’s criticism of the UN role in monitoring ceasefire on the line of control (LoC) the PDP said it was typical of NC leadership’s tradition of speaking in different languages in order to play to galleries of different kinds. In a statement the party’s Chief Spokesperson Naeem Akhtar said the ruling party has converted double speak into a fine art and Chief Minister’s remarks are a typical sample of that having come as they did after the party called for “holding plebiscite in J&K to deter-

Akhtar said historically the tallest leader of the NC was known to speak different languages at different places and at different times. But, with diminishing stature of its leaders the party has assigned different roles to the top leaders coming from Abdullah family, he said. “ Under this division of labour strategy Dr Farooq Abdullah and Omar Abdullah keep the powers in New Delhi in good humour while the task of befooling Kashmiris has been assigned to Sheikh Nazir Ahmad and Dr Mustafa Kamal

who keep the separatist pot simmering” , Akhtar added. The PDP Spokesman said the forked tongue of the NC leadership has devastated the lives of many generations in the state and even contributed to hostilities between India and Pakistan. He said the NC leaders from Abdullah family like Sheikh Nazir Ahmad and Dr Mustafa Kamal have called for withdrawal of troops from the state and holding of plebiscite so that people of Jammu & Kashmir could determine whether to remain a party of India or accede to Pakistan.—Online

Kashmir, braving bone-chilling cold, thousands of devotees participated in processions organized in connection with the Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi (SAW) celebrations. The procession organized by Jammu and Kashmir Dawate-Minhaj-ul-Islam started from Eidgah Darbar-e-Bagdadiya Dharbagh Harwan passed through Theed Harwan, Chandpora, Arabal, Shalimar, Ishbar, Nishat, Syed Rehmaniya (RA) Bazar and culminated at Alamdar Park Brein Nishat in Srinagar. The other organizations which participated in the celebration included Hayat–unNabi (SAW) Trust, Zahoorul-Islam, Dawat-e-Islamiya, Imam-e-Hussain(AS) Blood Bank, Al Mehdi (AS) Trust, Al Zehra Trust, Lashker-eMedhi (AS) Barij Harwan, Idihara Auqaf Imamiya Aliabad Shalimar, Imamiya Trust Aliabad Shalimar and others organizations. Milad processions were also held in various areas of Srinagar including Barbarshah, Zadibal MUZAFFARABAD: ASI Traffic Raja Sajjad Khan briefing media about confiscated and Khayam.—KMS motorcycles.

ABDUL MAJID ZARGAR charges against Dr. Qasim . being done to him by keeping judgments of Supreme court hitherto meaning 14 or 20 convicted of life sentences Meanwhile the State appealed against his acquittal in the apex Court which sentenced him to life imprisonment on the basis of his earlier confessional statement with the important direction that he shall be given benefit of the period already undergone (Under trial period) by him. It is a common Knowledge as to how these confessional statements are procured from detenues through sheer coercion & torture which has even been acknowledged by the apex Court. Mr. Qasim has already served twenty years of imprisonment and is now running in the 21st year of incarceration. The review Board formed by the State and the Honorable High court also recommended his release but the State did not release him on one pretext or the other. There is a great injustice

A team of the High Court Bar Association of occupied Kashmir headed by Vice President, Aijaz Bedar, during its visit to various jails in Jammu was apprised of unfair attitude of courts towards the Kashmiri detainees. The team in a report released after the visit observed that most of the jail inmates were suffering from mental depression and skin diseases, as there were no proper medical facilities for them in jails. The report said that the prisoners were facing delay in trial due to non-production before courts on the dates of hearing.—KMS

Omar asks pro-freedom leadership to talk to Delhi

Dr Mohammad Qasim FAKTU deserves immediate release Dr Muhammad Qasim Faktu was arrested on fifth Feberuary 1993 on charges of involvement in murder of H.N.Wanchoo, a human rightist activist & a staunch supporter of Kashmir’s freedom movement. Without going into the merits of the case and not necessarily subscribing to his political ideology, there is a strong case for his release on legal and humanitarian grounds . Initially Dr. Qasim was booked under section 3 of Terrorist & Disruptive Act(TADA) read with section 302 IPC & 120B Ranbir penal code. After a prolonged trial which spread over almost eight years, the designated TADA Court acquitted him with the announcement that prosecution had miserably failed to prove the murder

gun. The APHC spokesman in a statement in Srinagar appreciated a statement of International Council for Human Development, Brussels, which protested against the disappearances of people during custody in occupied Kashmir. Senior APHC leader, Professor Abdul Ghani Butt in a media interview in Srinagar said that Kashmir was not a bilateral issue between Pakistan and India. He demanded that the APHC should be included in the Pak-India talks for finding out a lasting solution to the Kashmir dispute.

years in prison is reinterpreted to mean imprisonment till death and applied on Faktu and other detenues serving life imprisonment. It is a cardinal principal of criminal jurisprudence that law prevailing at the time of commission of offence should be applied on the convict. Such law cannot be reinterpreted retrospectively to increase the quantum of punishment to an existing detenue. This exercise is generally seen as a revengeful act and an afterthought to keep the political prisoners continuously incarcerated. It needs to be noted that prior to this reinterpretation, more than 19 persons undergoing life imprisonment were released after completion of only 14 years of imprisonment (Excluding remission earned).Even TADA detenues

have been released in other parts of the Country after completing 20 years in prison. Further the direction of the supreme court that Faktu shall get the benefit of undertrial period becomes redundant & meaningless if the fresh interpretation of rules is applied in his case. Last but not least- If the Govt in New-Delhi & Srinagar sincerely desire to engage in talks with profreedom leaders, it is incumbent then that political leaders of all shades and opinions are released and a conducive atmosphere generated for talks. If the State confines them to Jailswhom then it is going to talk to? In such circumstances, the invitation of talks by State appear a hollow rhetoric.—Kashmir Watch

Hurriyat (M) rejects Salman’s ‘bilateral issue’ remark SRINAGAR—Reacting sharply to the statement of External Affairs Minister Salman Khursheed that Kashmir issue was a bilateral issue between India and Pakistan, Hurriyat Conference (M) has said his statement was against international law and amounts to violation of resolution adopted by United Nations Organization (UNO). “It seems that Government of India does not respect and recognize the UN and is acting arbitrarily to suppress the movement of people in Kashmir,” Hurriyat (M) spokesman said in a statement. He said the resolutions adopted by the UN regarding Kashmir issue were binding on India, Pakistan and Kashmiris. “It is constitutional and moral duty of UNO to take appropriate and effective measures for its implementation,” he said. “Hurriyat wants to re-

solve Kashmir issue through tripartite dialogue and no resolution is possible without taking into consideration the wishes and aspirations of the people of Kashmir.”Meanwhile, Hurriyat (M) Chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq strongly condemned the arrest of Majlis Ittehadul Muslimin leader and Member of Parliament Asaduddin Owaisi. Hurriyat spokesman also condemned the harassment of Kashmiri students and traders in different Indian states and demanded such acts should be stopped immediately. Meanwhile, senior leader of Hurriyat (M) Mukhtar Ahmad Waza with some other members went to Kulgam to visit the family of two girls who were allegedly arrested by police. “They expressed sympathy and solidarity with the family,” the spokesman said.—KMS


SBP injects Rs 690.900b Staff Reporter KARACHI—State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) in its reverse repo open market operation (OMO) for 4 days in Treasury Bills and Pakistan Investment Bonds has injected Rs 690.900 billion. According to SBP here Monday, the offered amount was Rs 726.350 billion while the rate of return surged at 8.70 percent.

FDI surges by 6pc during July-Dec 2012 STAFF REPORTER

ISLAMABAD—Pakistan during July-December 2012 has attracted an Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) of US $ 562.8 million as against US $ 531.1 million received during the corresponding period last year. “The 6 percent increase in the FDI inflows during the first six Oilfields declares months is manifestation of inves200pc dividend tors confidence on the prudent ecoStaff Reporter nomic and investment friendly KARACHI—Pakistan Oilfields policies of the present democratic Ltd has posted a profit after government and would further tax of Rs 5.663 billion for the improve in the days to come” half year ending December 31, 2012 and announced an interim cash dividend of Rs 20 per share. According to financial results sent to KSE here Monday, the profit before tax has declined to Rs 7.609 billion compared to Rs 9.388 billion in 2011 and earning per AMANULLAH KHAN share also dropped to Rs 23.94 over last year’s Rs 26.08. K ARACHI —Bank Alfalah Limited (BAFL), and Warid Telecom, both owned and opLSE sheds erated by the Abu Dhabi Group 5.42 points have joined hands for their upStaff Reporter coming branchless banking services in Pakistan. LAHORE—Bearish trend The technological support prevailed in Lahore Stock for this collaboration is being Exchange (LSE) on Monday provided by Monet and the pias it shed 5.42 points, lot testing launch is currently following the LSE-25 index underway as approved by the opened with 4114.35 and closed at 4080.93 points. The State Bank of Pakistan. The two companies have been market’s overall situation working extensively to dealso did not correspond to an velop a branchless ecosystem upward trend as it remained which will offer a range of at 4.535 million shares to customized products and serclose against previous vices tailored to suit the evolvturnover of 4.634 million shares, showing an upward move of 98,700 shares. While, out of the total 98 active scrips 22 moved up, 18 shed values and 58 STAFF CORRESPONDENT remined equal. Engro Foods Limited, Engro Corporation PESHAWAR—Small and MeLimited and Netsol Techdium Enterprises Development nologies Limited were major Authority (Smeda) under the gainers of the day by multi-donor trust funded Ecorecording increase in their nomic Revitalization of Khyber per share value by Rs 4.67, Pakhtunkhwa and Fata (ERKF) Rs 1.77 and Re 1.00 project is focusing on the uprespectively. Pakistan gradation of mining sector in all Petroleum Limited, Attock districts of Hazara division. Refinery Limited and This was stated by ProvinD.G.Khan Cement Company cial Chief, Smeda, Khyber lost their per share value by Pakhtunkhwa, Javed Iqbal Rs 2.80, Re 0.55 and Re 0.46 Khattak during his visit to respectively. The Volume Smeda Abbottabad office. DurLeader of the day included ing the visit, the provincial chief Fauji Cement Company Smeda also held a meeting with Limited with 1.620 million stakeholders from both public share, Maple Leaf Cement and private sectors. The meetFactory with 669,000 shares ing was also attended by Sher and Byco Petroleum Pakistan with 352,500 shares.

Minister of State for Finance and Economic Affairs Saleem H Mandviwalla who retains the charge of Chairman, Board of Investment (BoI) told media here. He added that despite challenges has showed an increase in the FDI by 6 percent in the first six months of the current fiscal year. Pakistan, he said has attracted a total of $562.8 million foreign direct investment in July to December 2012, as against $531.1 million received during the corresponding period last year. “An improvement in the foreign direct inflows is mainly driven

by the investment in the oil and gas exploration and financial sectors by the global companies in the country”, he remarked. Saleem H Mandviwalla, who retains the charge of Chairman, Board of Investment, expressed satisfaction over the improvement in FDI inflows to the country during the first half this fiscal. “That improvement in the FDI inflows was mainly driven by the investments in the oil & gas exploration and financial sectors by the global companies in the country”, he remarked. This, he said was a sign of hope despite all the problems Pakistan is facing.

Bank Alflah, Warid Telecom to launch branchless banking ing needs of various stakeholders including consumers, institutions, SMEs and the government. ‘We are pleased that both companies have been working in conjunction to successfully execute our shared outlook on introducing our branchless banking services. Once launched in the market, we are optimistic that both telecom and banking customers will benefit hugely from the enhanced access and convenience provided by this innovative offering. We will continue to explore joint efforts in order to provide innovative, technology driven value-additional propositions that increase access to financial services and

hence reduce the gap between the ‘banked’ and ‘yet-to-bebanked’ in Pakistan,’ said Atif Bajwa, CEO Bank Alfalah. Muneer Farooqui, CEO Warid Telecom while commenting on the occasion said “The future of the telecom industry in Pakistan lies in providing technological solutions that cater to a wide range of customer requirements which are not necessarily linked to communication only. The synergistic relationship between Warid Telecom and Bank Alfalah is a natural fit and the launch of Mobile Financial Services is another step in the right direction, where we look

Continued on Page 14

Smeda upgrading mining sector

Attock Cement shows 30pc dividend K ARACHI —Attock Cement Company has posted a higher profit after tax of Rs 958.249 million for the half year ending December 31, 2012 and announced an interim cash dividend of Rs 3 per share. According to financial results sent to KSE here Wednesday, the profit before tax surged to Rs 1.198 billion compared to Rs 763.100 million in 2011 and earning per share improved to Rs 9.62 over last year’s Rs 5.10.

Rates for conversion KARACHI—The following rates will be applicable for conversion into rupees of Foreign Currency Deposits, Dollar Bearer Certificates, Foreign Currency Bearer Certificates, Special U.S. Dollar Bonds and profits thereon by all banks and for providing Forward Cover on Foreign Currency Deposits (excluding F.E.25 deposits) by the State Bank on January 29, 2013. The rates are U.S. Dollar Rs 97.7199, Japanese Yen Rs 1.0776, Pound Sterling Rs 153.7720 and Euro Rs 131.3746.—APP

The superior man understands what is right; the inferior man understands what will sell. — Confucius

Bandi Khan Marwat, president Frontier Mine Owners Association, Deputy Director, Mines & Mineral Department, Khyber Pakhtukhwa, Razaullah Khan and others. Provincial chief, Smeda briefed the participants on the salient features of Economic Revitalization of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Fata (ERKF) Project and responded the queries of participants regarding different issues related to application and approval procedures under ERKF project. He stressed Frontier Mines Owners Association to come forward and take lead for the development of mineral sector of Hazara division both in indi-

Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah presiding over a meeting on outstanding dues of electric connection of Sindh Government.

Punjab SEZs Committee constituted

KARACHI —Reacting on the debate ongoing all over the media/press and the Parliament of Pakistan on the incident of fire in the garment factory Ali Enterprises, in Baldia Town, Karachi on 11th September 2012 Karachi Chamber of Commerce & Industry reiterates its position on the matter for all the concerned. Karachi Chamber’s point of view is that it was undoubtedly a horrible incident of fire and the loss of 259 lives is a colossal tragedy and by all means it should be investigated fairly and the responsibility be fixed and whosoever is found at fault or negligence must be punished accordingly as per the law of the land and all such measures be taken to avoid such reoccurrence

in future. Karachi Chamber strongly believes that all the affected families must be compensated accordingly that is why Karachi Chamber had requested all the concerned to compensate the victim’s families including the owners. It is pertinent to mention here that Federal and Sindh Governments have already compensated. KCCI has also been able to get other garment factories to adjust the employees who have lost their jobs in the said incident. The employers are also providing ration and necessary medical help to the victim’s families and injured. KCCI will make sure that the owners compensate the victims adequately. Karachi Chamber and all the Business & Industrial Community of Karachi had reservations

STAFF REPORTER

STAFF REPORTER

L AHORE —Nigeria-Pakistan ISLAMABAD—In pursuance of Joint Commission would start Special Economic Zones (SEZs) Act 2012, the Punjab Special Economic Zones SEZs authority has been constituted compressing following:Chief Minister Punjab, Chairperson, Minister or Industries Commerce & Investment, Secretary IC&I, Secretary Finance, Secretary C&W, Secretary Livestock & Dairy Development, Secretary Agriculture, Secretary Planning & development, President Lahore Chamber of Commerce & Industry, two members to be appointed by the CM (to be notified later), two nominees of BOA (to be (Notified later), members, Vice Chairman PBIT/CEO PBIT, CEO/Secretary, BOI sources said. The Acting Secretary Board of Investment Sikandar Ahmed Rai, welcomed the initiative of the Punjab Government and expressed the hope that it would help boost investment in the province but also benefit the entire country. Similar ZEZ would follow in the other province as well.

vidual capacity and cluster based up-gradation grants under the project. He also briefed participants about the upcoming project of Competitive Industries of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (CIKP) Project. He said the main purpose of this initiative is to fill out the gaps that exist between the value chains in mining and horticulture sectors of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It has also been decided mutually during the meeting that Smeda will work out a development of project for phosphate up-gradation plant for Hazara division in consultation with stakeholders from both public ISLAMABAD—A one day semiand private sector. nar on “Nano technology and Stakeholders in Pakistan” commenced here on Monday where it was emphasized that Pakistan should seriously consider developing Nanotechnology manpower in the country. Secretary Ministry of Science and Technology Akhlaq from the day one in respect of Tarar made these remarks durhandling this Baldia fire tragedy, ing the inauguration session of instead of conducting fair and seminar jointly organized by impartial investigation and as a Preston Institute of Nano sciresult thereof fixing the respon- ence and Technology (PINSAT) sibility / charges, an FIR was and International Development lodged against the owners with Research Centre (IDRC), PPC 302 (Premeditated murder) Canada along with other clauses pertainHe said that by the year ing to negligence / accident etc. 2015 the products of etc. KCCI has been agitating the Nanotechnology will have a application of PPC302 in an in- market share of US $3 billion. dustrial accident case as KCCI The secretary pointed out that believes no industrialists or after initial period when the govbusinessmen would purposely ernment allocated a lot of fidestroy his own factory and nances toward developing Scicommit murder of his own ence & Technology in the counworkers and it is also not accord- try, presently there is a resource ing to the law. KCCI had taken constraint and the finances are up this matter at all the forums being diverted to other projects. including with the Prime Min- He said presently the governister of Pakistan at KCCI’s func- ment is spending only 0.6% of tion on 29th December 2012. the GDP on Science & TechnolThe Prime Minister did not ogy and this is an extremely Continued on Page 14 meager amount.—Online

Developing nanotech in country emphasized

KCCI advocates Baldia factory fire case AMANULLAH KHAN

Nigeria-Pakistan Commission to start working soon working soon to further strengthen bilateral trade and investment relations as all arrangements have been finalized to ink an agreement to this regard by the end of next month. This was stated by the Nigerian High Commissioner to Pakistan Dauda Danladi while speaking at the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry on Monday. The LCCI President Farooq Iftikhar, Senior Vice President Irfan Iqbal Sheikh, Vice President Mian Abuzar Shad, former Senior Vice President Tahir Javed Malik and Con-

vener LCCI Standing Committee on Pak-Africa Business Promotion Zafar Mahmood also spoke on the occasion. The High Commissioner said that the establishment of Joint Commission is a proof that the two sides are well on way to reap the economic potential in Pakistan and Nigeria. He said that this single step would help raise the volume of two-way trade to $1 billion by the end of next year. The High Commissioner said that Nigeria offers great investment opportunities to Pakistan in a number of areas including Oil and Gas, Minerals and Mining, Agriculture and Livestock, Poultry and Fisheries. He said that investments

Weekly inflation down by 0.36pc STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The Sensitive Price Indicator (SPI) for the week ended on January 24 for the lowest income group up to Rs 8,000 registered decrease of 0.36 per cent as compared to the previous week. The SPI for the week under review in the above mentioned group was recorded at 185.18 points against 185.84 points registered in the previous week, according to provisional figures of Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS). The weekly SPI has been computed with base 20072008=100, covering 17 urban centers and 53 essential items for all income groups and combined. The SPI for the combined group decreased by 0.21 per cent

as it went down from 191.01 points in the previous week to 190.6 points in the week under review. As compared to the corresponding week of last year, the SPI for the combined group in the week under review witnessed increase of 6.93 percent. As compared to the last week, the SPI for the income groups from Rs 8001-12,000, 12,001-18,000, 18001-35,000 and above Rs.35,000 decreased by 0.31 percent, 0.29 percent, 0.23 and 0.12 percent respectively. During the week under review average prices of 12 items registered decrease, while that of 14 items increase with the remaining 27 items’ prices unchanged. The items which registered decrease in their prices during

Monsanto introduces BT cotton at varsity STAFF CORRESPONDENT

Ahmad Khan described the event a wonderful beginning of University Industry Linkage. He said Monsanto had introduced BT cotton in the country adding that the cotton we are growing on the name of Bt is originally designed by Monsanto. He said Monsanto is doing business and UAF is also pursuing agenda of promoting opportunities that could benefit academia, industry and farming community at large. He said the law of the country had laid down some prerequisite of

ISLAMABAD—The Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) has established a task force to identify weaknesses and gaps in the current protection mechanism for the shareholders of the companies and suggest ways and means to overcome these through shareholder activism. The decision has come in the light of the prevalent international practices. In Malaysia, Minority Shareholder

Watchdog Group (MSWG) or Badan Pengawas Pemegang Saham Minoriti Berhad, was set up in 2000 as a government initiative to be part of a broader capital market framework to bring about awareness and help protect the interests of minority shareholders through shareholder activism. The MSWG is a professional body licensed under the 2007 Capital Markets and Services Act. It is a self-governing and non-profit body, funded predominantly by the Capital Mar-

ket Development. It is an important channel for market discipline, encouraging good governance among public listed companies with the objective of raising shareholder value overtime. In the UK, there is an organization called the International Shareholder Services (ISS). It is a leading provider of corporate governance solutions to the global financial community. Its services include objective governance research and analysis, end-to-end proxy voting and distribution solutions.

The task force consists of representatives of the SECP, three stock exchanges, and the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan, principally representing minority shareholders, institutional investors, nominees of professional accounting bodies and other stakeholders. It will consider establishing a permanent platform for dialogue and cooperation on minority shareholder issues. This will offer a unique opportunity to diverse stakeholders, including minority shareholders, represen-

the week under review included tomatoes, egg hen (farm), L.P.G. (11 kg cylinder), sugar, wheat flour bag, diesel, onions, red chilies powder (loose), garlic, potatoes, wheat and gur. The items which recorded increase in their average prices included chicken live (farm), petrol, masoor pulse (washed), rice IRRI-6, energy savor (14 watts), bread plain, kerosene oil, bananas, moong pulse (washed), gram pulse (washed), cooking oil (tin), mash pulse (washed), vegetable ghee (loose) and firewood The items with no change in their average prices during the week under review included rice basmati (broken), beef, mutton, milk fresh, curd, milk powdered, mustard oil, vegetable ghee (tin), salt powdered (loose).

Saudi Arabian Kingfor economic growth J EDDAH —Custodian of the

Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah’s initiatives at Riyadh national seed company Economic Summit will create Monsanto formally made an innew economic entities and tervention of showcasing its new projects worth $ 30 billion in the technology at farm land of the Arab world, a senior banker University of Agriculture said. Faisalabad to enable agricultural During the Jan. 21-22 constakeholders witness the upcomference that was held in the ing technology. Saudi capital, King Abdullah The event of sowing second urged Arab leaders to increase generation genetically modified the capitals of Arab joint comcorn at UAF was held at UAF panies and funds by 50 percent with UAF VC Prof. Dr. Iqrar A to speed up Arab economic reKhan as chief guest. Addressing covery. the participants, Prof. Dr. Iqrar Continued on Page 14 The proposal, which was to channel an additional $ 10 billion to Arab economies in new funds, was endorsed by the summit. The move has been welcomed by Arab businessmen, saying it would tatives of different companies, best practices, challenges, op- have a big impact on increasexperts on minority shareholder portunities and initiatives for ing inter-Arab trade and inissues, representative of govern- the further development. mental organizations, to come The SECP envisages that all vestment. “The king’s proposal will together in a spirit of coopera- shareholders should have the create economic entities and tion and constructive endeavour opportunity to obtain effective projects valued at $ 30 billion to address some of the key is- redress for violation of their in vital development sectors and sues that challenge minority rights. The 1984 Companies shareholders. Ordinance also strives to protect create more jobs for young ArThe forum will act as griev- the investors and the statutory abs,” said Adnan Yousuf, chairman of the Beirut-based Union ance handling and dispute reso- protection includes directors’ fi- of Arab Banks. lution platform for minority duciary duties, one share one Yousuf estimated the total shareholders and create aware- vote rule, shareholder rights at assets of Arab banks at $ 3.1 trilness among minority sharehold- annual general meeting, shareers regarding their rights. More- holder approval for transactions lion, adding that 25 percent of over, it will identify and analyze with the associated companies. their liquid money remains unused.

FAISALABAD—Leading inter-

SECP sets up task force for foolproof protection of minority shareholders TARIQ KHATTAK

made in Nigeria are not only fully guaranteed by the government but would also be earning rich dividends for the investors. He said that 100 per cent import and export exemption and 100 per cent repatriation of capital and profits is allowed on the investment made in four free trade zones in Nigeria. Speaking on the occasion, the LCCI President said that Pakistan does consider the value of strengthening the trade and economic relations with Nigeria keeping in view the big market of Africa. Referring to recently concluded D8 Summit, both the sides need to make all out efforts to increase mutual cooperation for each other’s benefits.


USA

97.60

97.40

UK

153.78

153.47

EURO

131.31

131.04

Canada

96.82

96.62

Rs12b for key water scheme approved STAFF REPORTER

Switzerland

105.16

104.94

LAHORE—The Punjab govern-

Australia

101.72

101.52

Sweden

15.10

15.07

Japan

1.0721

1.0699

Norway

17.64

17.61

Singapore

78.98

78.82

ment has approved an important scheme of Irrigation Sector with an estimated cost of Rs 12007.240 million for “Punjab Irrigation System Improvement Project (PISIP) PK-P59 (2nd Revised)”. Punjab Irrigation department sources said that the project envisages improved irrigation facilities to 655,240 hectares of selected areas in Bahawalpur, DG Khan and Faisalabad Irrigation Zones through: (a) Improvement and upgradation of Irrigation System for increased operational efficiency and better service delivery; (b) Mobilization and training of Farmers Organizations to develop their capability to manage water more efficiently; and (c) Involvement of farmers in

Denmark

17.60

17.56

Omani Riyal

257.00

255.00

Saudi Arabia

26.02

25.97

Hong Kong

12.58

12.56

Kuwait

346.82

346.11

Malaysia

32.06

31.99

Newzeland

81.60

81.44

Qatar

26.81

26.75

UAE

26.07

26.52

KR WON

0.0902

0.0900

Thailand

3.260

3.253

Gold Tezab Silver Tezabi Gold Tezabi (24-Ct) Gold 22 Ct SilverTezabi Silver Thobi

53485.00 960.00 53000.00 52800.00 830.00 800.00

Etihad Airways records profit for 2nd year running OBSERVER REPORT K ARACHI —Etihad Airways, the national airline of the United Arab Emirates, was profitable again in 2012. The airline’s President and Chief Executive, James Hogan, made the announcement during his keynote address at the Global Airfinance Conference in Dublin. The 2012 result follows Etihad Airways’ maiden profit in 2011 of USD14 million. During his speech to more than 1,000 delegates in the Irish capital, Hogan added that more details of the airline’s financial results would be released next month. The 15th Annual Global Airfinance Conference includes delegates from the world’s largest airlines, leasing companies, commercial banks, export credit agencies, private equity firms, investment banks, manufacturers, law firms and other aircraft financing organisations. Hogan said: “Etihad Airways has achieved doubledigit passenger and revenue growth in recent years and established world-class product and service. This could not have been achieved without the airline earning the confidence of the leading global financial institutions. We are set to post our second successive profit which is rare in the current uncertain economic climate and illustrates the impact and success that the Etihad Airways’ unique business model has made.”

Increase in export SALIM AHMED LAHORE—Trade Development Authority of Pakistan (TDAP) has worked out plan to ensure substantial increase in Pakistan’s exports as the country has the potential to cater to the world. This was stated by the Chief Executive Trade Development Authority of Pakistan Abid Javaid Akbar while speaking at the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry on Monday. LCCI President Farooq Iftikhar, Senior Vice President Irfan iqbal Sheikh, Vice President Mian Abuzar Shad, former President Mian Muzaffar Ali, former Senior Vice President Tahir Javaid malik and former Vice Presidents Aftab Ahmad Vohra and Saeeda Nazar also spoke on the occasion. Abid Javaid Akbar said that Pakistan’s exports could go up to $50 billion in coming years as the TDAP has adopted a focused approach on the basis of wealth of information it is receiving from 45 Pakistani missions abroad.

the ground water monitoring and management. The Provincial Development working party of current financial year 2012-13 in the 29th meeting of presided over by the Punjab Planning and Development Board Chairman, Javaid Aslam also eight other development schemes of various sectors of the economy were also approved worth Rs 3551.129 million. Secretary Planning and Development Punjab Arif Anwar Baloch, members of the Planning and Development Board and other senior representatives of the relevant Provincial Departments also participated in the meeting. The approved development schemes included: (1) Construction of Sewerage Scheme Renala City, District Okara at the cost of Rs. 314.972 million, (2) Punjab Water and Sanitation

Academy, Lahore (Revised) at the cost of Rs 421.885 million, (3) Geophysical Survey for Exploration of Metallic Minerals in the Pre-Cambrian Shield Rocks in Punjab (PC-II) at the cost of Rs 65.850 million,(4) Completion of Balance work of Package-A Part-A (Rehabilitating Lower Chenab Canal System) (Main Line Upper RD 0+000 to 69+000), District Gujranwala at the cost of Rs. 74.957 million, (5) Construction of the Punjab Judicial Academy at Lahore at the cost of Rs 743.758 million, (6) Installation of Weigh Bridge at Lahore Ring Road, Lahore at the cost of Rs 264.872 million, (7) Widening/Improvement of road from link Chiniot Jhang Road (Adda Chamra More) to Pull (8) Widening/Improvement of Bahawalnagar-Haroonabad Road length:53.00 km District Bahawalnagar (2nd Revised) at the cost of Rs. 1425.955 million.

Change of guards at NBP welcomed STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Change of guards at National Bank of Pakistan is warmly welcomed by the investors at the bourses. It has been witnessed at Karachi Stock Exchange where the share price of the NBP’s share has been increased by Rs 3 to Rs 51.50 within three days of the appointment of the new head of NBP.The NBP share was traded at Rs 51.50 on January 24, the last working day of the week as compared to the share price of Rs48.50 on January 18, 2013. Dr. Asif A. Brohi has been appointed as President/CEO of National Bank of Pakistan on January 18, 2013. A Master in Business Administration from Northrop, California and Doctorate in Public Administration,

Dr. Asif joined National Bank of Pakistan in 1984 as an Assistant Vice President. Prior to becoming President of the Bank, he was serving as Chief Operating Officer & Head of Commercial & Retail Banking Group of NBP, and carries rich experience in all spheres of banking spanning over almost three decades. He has in the past headed Bank’s Operations Group, Strategic Planning Group, Information Technology Group, Culture Change Programme Group and Training. He was also Regional Chief Executive, Karachi. Prior to joining NBP, he was Assistant Professor of Management, teaching in various Universities in the United States of America. Dr Asif A Brohi has also been serving on the Board of Director

of NBP Leasing Limited, The Hub Power Company, Fauji Oil Terminal & Distribution Co. Ltd, First Credit & Investment Bank Limited (FCIB), NBP Fullerton Asset Management Company Limited, NBP Modarba Management Co. Ltd, National Asset Insurance Company Limited and Close Joint Stock Subsidiary, Almaty Kazakhstan. Investors’ confidence is restored because they feel that a permanent employee has been made President of the bank after a very long time, this move will result in positive changes, Dr. Brohi being associated with National Bank for almost three decades, he has very good understanding of working of the bank as he has been associated with various important functions of the bank during his tenure.

CIIT to organize Pak-China Business Forum STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT) will organize 2nd Pak-China Business Forum here, from March 23-26, to promote University - Industry collaborations in business and economic sectors for the mutual benefit of both countries. CIIT introduced an academia driven model of Business Cooperation by establishing Pak-China Business Forum to promote academia-industry collaboration in business and economic sector for mutual ben-

efit of both the countries. The seminar will comprise project exhibition, seminars, workshops and industrial academic expo. Major Chinese and Pakistani companies, small and medium enterprises, entrepreneurs, universities, and research & development organizations will attend the forum activities. According to an official, the forum will provide an opportunity for commercialization of products and processes of the participating organizations. CIIT started its journey in 1998, and established its first campus at Islamabad in April 1998.

In August 2000, in recognition of CIIT’s achievements, the government granted it the status of a Degree Awarding Institute (DAI) through promulgation of its charter. The CIIT, besides its principal campus at Islamabad, has six other fully functional campuses at Lahore, Abbottabad, Wah, Attock, Sahiwal and Vehari, while six more campuses at Gujrat, Kotli, Karachi, Larkana, Quetta, and Peshawar are in the works. The CIIT is also exploring opportunity for opening an overseas campus in the Gulf region.

Gold imports grow by 29.15pc in first-half year STAFF REPORTER

I SLAMABAD —The gold imports during first half of current fiscal year grew by 29.15 percent as against the same period of last year. According to data revealed by Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS), the yellow metal weighing 2054 kilogram worth of $111.185 million was imported during the period under review as compared to the import of 1594 kg valuing $86.091 million during same period of last year (2011-12). On month on month basis the gold imports in December 2012 registered an increase of 85.56 percent and 121.96 percent when compared to the imports during the months of December 2011 and November 2012 respectively. Gold imports in December

2012 stood at $36.373 million against the imports of $19.602 million and $16.387 million in December 2011 and November 2012 respectively. The overall imports of metal group, registered an increase of 11.03 per cent during July-December (2012-13) against the same period of last year. The metal imports in to the country during the period under review were recorded at $1.529 billion against imports of $1.38 billion during same period of last year. Imports of iron and steel scrap registered a growth of 18.27 percent during July-December (2012-13) as compared to the imports during July-December (2011-12). Iron and steel scrap imports into the country were recorded at $336.839 million during the first six months of current fiscal year against imports of

$284.803 million during JulyDecember (2011-12). Imports of iron and steel edged up by 5.16 percent by growing from $653.196 million to $686.899 million whereas the imports of aluminum wrought and worked decreased by 7.24 percent by going down from $60.453 million to $56.074 million. The imports of all other metal and articles were recorded at $337.84 million during the period under review against the imports of $292.393 million in last year posting a growth of 15.54 percent. The overall imports into the country decreased by 3.33 percent during first six months of current financial year whereas exports from the country witnessed positive growth of 7.58 percent, indicating a positive trends in the overall trade volume of the country.

KCCI withdraw the cases but rightfully instructed the Chief Secretary of Sindh to revisit the case along with the Police and Home Department of Sindh and make sure whether the application of PPC302 which means premeditated murder was as per law and merit. Accordingly due legal process was carried out and the supplementary challan was submitted in the Court and this matter can and will only be settled by the Court as per the law of the land. Karachi Chamber and the Business & Industrial Community of Karachi would like to ask

From Page 13 from all the segments of the society who have indulged in this matter for whatever reasons. Where and in which country of the world, they have a law to apply murder charges against anybody in accidental cases? Where and in which country of the world, the law is applied differently on different segments of the society in the same cases, Why in case of a factory fire in Lahore around the same time PPC302 was not applied in the FIR where 24 lives were lost, KCCI would like to ask the NGO who have representation in 15 European countries, please let us know which of these coun-

tries have applied according to their law murder charges where accidents have taken place in their country, Has anybody considered the implications of comments by non judicial people/forums on this matter with regards to destroying the very fabric of the society, Being an Islamic country and being Muslims have we considered that we all will die one day and are answerable to Almighty Allah, Being Muslims have we considered that different segments of the society have been created by Allah and in the eyes of law as well as Almighty Allah all humans are equal.

AEO’s education exhibition OBSERVER REPORT ISLAMABAD—Australia being a hub of quality education abroad, Provides everything a student dreams of. From scenic beauty, wildlife safaris, and passion for sports; to most importantly universities that are ranked among top in the world. AEO Pakistan; Australian Education Specialist and IELTS Test Centre in Pakistan having presence nationwide, conducts education expos nationwide twice a year providing perfect opportunity to Pakistani students to “Study in Australia “. This January’s AEO’s Australian Education Exhibition began with much more exuberance and catered many hundreds of students across 5 major cities of Pakistan. More than 18 top ranked Australian Universities have participated in the event providing great prospects for Pakistani students to study in World renowned universities abroad. The series of expo started from Karachi on 20th -21st January, Lahore on 22nd - 23rd January, Islamabad on 25th & 26th January and today the last expo of this session is being conducted in Faisalabad and Peshawar. Peter Heyward, High Commissioner of Australia along with other delegates of Australian high commission also paid visit to AEO’s Islamabad expo held in Serena hotel on 25th January 2013.

ISLAMABAD: Federal Minister for Science and Technology Mir Changez Khan Jamali cutting ribbon on the opening ceremony of 2 days exhibition and conference on IEC materials.

Lucky Cement records Rs 4.29b half year profits STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —Lucky Cement

Limited has outperformed its competition by recording 42.15% rise in its half yearly profit for the year 2012-13. It has declared a profit for the half year ending 31st December 2012, of Rs. 4.29 billion which is 42.15% higher than the corresponding period last year. The earnings per share (EPS) for the corresponding period increased to Rs. 13.27 against an EPS of Rs. 9.33 of STAFF REPORTER corresponding period last year. company’s gross profit inISLAMABAD—One of the lead- The creased by 32.25% during the ing retail chains in Pakistan, Al- half year as its net sales revenue Fatah Super Store will be open- improved by 13.90% to Rs. ing its doors for the people of Islamabad on 17 February, 2013 at The Centaurus Mall. The Centaurus Mall entered into a paramount business venture with Al Fatah - one of the leading departmental store operators in Pakistan. IrfanIqbal OBSERVER REPORT Sheikh, Director of Al-Fatah said, “Al Fatah has emerged as one of the most admired retail LAHORE—The 5TH Pakistan chains which has revolutionized Oil & Gas Forum 2013 orgathe shopping dynamics by offer- nized annually by Shamrock ing a wide array of product lines Conferences International will on a convenient ‘one stop shop’ be held on 27th February 2013 at the Serena Hotel Islamabad. concept.” Al Fatah will bring signifi- The theme of this year’s premier cant value addition to this pres- oil & gas meeting is “Enhanctigious mall’s segmentation ing, Exploring and Sustaining where brands from all genres are Energy Needs - Searching now housed. The opening of Al- Pakistan’s Road to Economic Fatah departmental store will Development”. The Federal Minister for undeniably foster healthy foot traffic at all hours that will serve Petroleum & Natural Resources, as one of the vital factors in the Dr. Asim Hussain will be inaucommercial success for all gurating the conference which brands operating at The Centau- comes at a crucial juncture in the rus Mall. We are confident that quest for addressing the the shopping experience of our country’s energy challenges and the gas crisis. customers will be redefined. The annual event held in

Opening of Al Fatah Super Store on Feb 17

17.511 billion against Rs. 15.374 billion of the corresponding period last year. The local sales volume during the half year under review registered a growth of 5.5% that rose to 1.77 million tons as compared to 1.68 million tons of same period last year. The financing cost of the company for the period under review was also decreased by 61%. During the period under review, the combined sales revenue of Lucky Cement Limited increased by 13.9% which was attributed to 21.3% growth in domestic sales and 3.7% growth in exports. To enhance the quality of cement and for capturing new

Oil & Gas forum on Feb13

Shipping activity at PQ

KARACHI—Two ships carrying containers were allotted berth at Qasim International Containers Terminal during the last 24 hours, port sources said Monday. Two more ships scheduled to load/ offload containers and furnace oil also arrived at anchorage of Port Qasim during the last 24 hours. Berth occupancy was 35% at the Port on Monday where total number of four ships namely Cape Flores, Maersk Utah, Maritime Suzana and Feng Hai 32 are currently occupying berths to load/ offload containers, canola seed and edible oil respectively. A cargo volume of 41866 tonnes comprising 28363 tonnes imports and 13503 tonnes exports inclusive of containerised cargo carried in 1266 containers (Boxes) were handled at the Port during the last 24 hours.

Monsanto From Page 13 containment facility for risk assessment and field test that would provide critical information to fulfil the legal requirements. He termed the technology park an opportunity for academia, students and other stakeholders to see the developments made by Monsanto in this regard. Earlier, in his welcome address, Muhammad Asim, Regulatory Affairs leader, Monsanto Pakistan briefed about the trail, purpose, objective of the trail and the company at large. He said the Monsanto started the trails of Genetically Modified Corn and it was second generation trail of 120 days and simultaneously we submitted the case for commercialization.

Islamabad attracts a cross-section of senior officials from the government and regulatory bodies, key decision makers from the petroleum and natural resources industry, top management cadres of E&P companies, refineries and off-shore companies, professionals and experts in the sector, investor-groups, opinion formers and writers/observers in the oil and gas industry. Menin Rodrigues, Chairman, Shamrock Conferences International and Convener of the 5TH Pakistan Oil & Gas Forum 2013 opined at the announcement, “Pakistan is in the midst of a critical situation with key decisions in the offing that promise to solve some of the major energy issues.

export markets, Lucky Cement plans to replace its existing Chinese origin cement grinding mills located at the Karachi plant with renowned European vertical mills. This replacement will reduce cost of production due to more energy efficient operations. The company is also upgrading its packing machines at the Pezu plant with new European origin Ventomatic Packing Plants. Lucky Cement Limited also completed the acquisition of ICI Pakistan Limited along with its group consortium. Lucky Cement now has a shareholding of 56.86% of ICI Pakistan Limited through its subsidiary, Lucky Holdings Limited.

Expedite work at IP gas project: MCCI STAFF CORRESPONDENT MULTAN—Business commu-

nity and industrialists of Southern Punjab has hailed the announcement of Petroleum Advisor Dr Asim Hussain regarding the provision of gas supply to the industries in Punjab from February 1, 2013 describing it a good decision. President of Multan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MCCI) Muhammad Khan Saddozai has said that industry particularly textile mills were badly hit due to suspension of gas supply and long duration of power loadshedding in Punjab. Government had made commitment for uninterrupted supply of gas and electricity to industry many time but never fulfilled it’s commitment. Saddozai said that government should expedite the pace of work on Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas pipeline project without accepting any foreign pressure and LNG be imported on top priority basis. He further said that the problems of domestic consumers must be resolve at the end of winter season. He hailed the decision of All Pakistan Textile Mills Association (APTMA) to postpone their protests as the government assured provision of gas supply to the industries in Punjab from February 1. The gas supply to industries in Punjab remained suspended Bank Al Habib’s Managing Director and Chief Executive from December last year, he Abbas D Habib, CNS Pakistan Navy, Admiral A Sandila along said. with Akbar Raza Khan giving prize money of Rs 305,800 to the winner of Rashid D Habib Golf Tournament, Muhammad Nazir. From Page 13 forward to using our collective resources and experience to provide further convenience to the Pakistani consumer.” As we enter 2013, Bank ment had marched forward in STAFF REPORTER this direction and a number of Alfalah continues to operate LAHORE—An 18-member del- Turkish companies were work- through a network of 471 egation of Turkish businessmen ing on various projects in the branches across 163 cities in led by Sadi Yildarier, Chief Ex- province. The Chief Minister Pakistan in order to provide conecutive of Pak Turkish Busi- said that Turk businessmen and sumers, corporations, institunessmen Association, called on investors were well-wishers of tions and governments with a the Punjab Chief Minister, Pakistan that was why they broad spectrum of financial Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif and were providing best service to products and services, including offered condolence on the death the people through various corporate and investment banking, consumer banking and project. of his brother, Abbas Sharif. Members of the delegation credit, securities brokerage, Talking to the delegation, Shahbaz Sharif said that expressing their views on this commercial, agricultural, Ispeople of Pakistan and Turkey occasion said that vast opportu- lamic and asset financing. As an organization entering were tied with love, brother- nities of investment exist in Pahood and religious relations. kistan, particularly Punjab, and its 8th year of operations, Warid “Pakistan is the second home they were willing to work with Telecom prides itself on being Turkish people whereas Tur- Punjab government in livestock, contemporary, approachable and key is the second home to Pa- parking, energy, housing and constantly innovating. With kistani people and people of other sectors. They said that they achievements ranging from havboth the countries have always have also inspected the modern ing one of the largest post-paid stood with each other in every slaughter house in the provincial bases, most loved youth and prehour of trial,” he added. He metropolis and will also enhance paid brands, international roamsaid that no practical steps bilateral cooperation in this sec- ing and nationwide coverage at were taken for enhancing trade tor. The delegation of Turk busi- over 7,000 destinations in Pakicooperation between the two nessmen included business per- stan, Warid Telecom’s selection countries during the last 65 sonalities associated with con- of value added services makes struction, parking, livestock and communication effective and years. enjoyable. He said Punjab Govern- other sectors.

Bank Alflah

Turkish businessmen condole Abbas Sharif demise


France fears Islamists rise in Syria

Refugees again, Palestinians flee Syria’s war

PARIS—France’s foreign minister said on Monday Syria risks falling into the hands of Islamist militant groups if supporters of the Syrian opposition do not do more to help it in a 22-month-old revolt against President Bashar al-Assad. Addressing the opening of a conference in Paris with senior members of the Syrian National Coalition, Laurent Fabius said the meeting must focus on making the opposition politically and militarily cohesive to encourage international assistance. “Facing the collapse of a state and society, it is Islamist groups that risk gaining ground if we do not act as we should,” he said. “We cannot let a revolution that started as a peaceful and democratic protest degenerate into a conflict of militias.” Western concern over the growing strength of jihadist militants fighting autonomously in the disorganised ranks of anti-Assad rebel forces is rising. This has hindered international aid to the moderate Syrian National Coalition opposition and may push it more into the arms of conservative Muslim backers, diplomatic sources say. The meeting, which brought together Western and Arab nations and the three vice-presidents of the coalition, aims to tackle the lack of cohesion that has led to broken promises of aid. Coalition vice-president Riad Seif said “time is not on our side” and that the opposition no longer wanted pledges of support that would not be followed through on. We need an interim or transitional government to provide assistance to millions of Syrians in liberated zones and to help bring the collapse of the (Assad) regime,” he said. —Reuters

LEBANON—When Syrian warplanes bombed a Palestinian refugee camp in Damascus last December, Umm Sami rounded up her three sons, shut the windows and locked the doors so they could neither hear nor heed the call to arms by rebels and pro-government gunmen fighting in the streets. Then she told her sons they were leaving their home in the Yarmouk refugee camp in the Syrian capital for neighboring Lebanon, where they would wait out Syria’s civil war. “There will be no more martyrs for Palestine in my family,” the 45-year-old widow said. “This war is a Syrian problem.” Now safe in Lebanon, Umm Sami and her family have joined thousands of other Palestinian refugees who have found shelter in the country since the uprising against Syrian President Bashar Assad erupted nearly two years ago. The conflict has left more than 2 million people Japan voters split on revising constitution internally displaced, and pushed TOKYO—Japanese voters are divided over 650,000 more to seek refuge Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s goal of revising the post-World War Two pacifist constitution to ease limits on the military, although nearly 90 percent of lower house lawmakers back the change, an opinion poll showed. Abe, who returned to the premiership after his conservative Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) won a huge election victory last month, has made clear he wants to loosen the constitutional limits on the military. The constitution has never been formally altered since it was drafted by U.S. Occupation forces in 1947. The survey by the Asahi newspaper and a University of Tokyo research team showed that 50 percent of voters were in favour of revising the constitution, up from 41 percent in 2009 but far below the 89 percent of members of parliament elected in December’s lower house election who want to alter the charter. Forty-five percent of voters were in favour of allowing Japan to exercise its right to collective selfdefence, or coming to the aid of an ally under attack. That was up from 37 percent in 2009, but well below the 79 percent of MPs who back the change in interpretation of the constitution. Poll questions were mailed to 3,000 voters last month, of whom 1,889 responded. The lawmakers were surveyed before December’s election. Japan has for decades been stretching the limits of the constitution’s pacifist Article Nine, which if strictly interpreted bans even the maintenance of a military. It has dispatched troops for international peace keeping operations and to Iraq on a noncombat reconstruction mission in 2004-2006.—Reuters

abroad. Umm Sami’s resolve to keep her sons out of the fight in Syria ties into a deep-rooted sentiment among a generation of Palestinian refugees who say they are fed up with being dragged into the region’s conflicts on a promise of getting their own state. The Palestinian exodus from Syria has also revived a decades-old debate over the refugees’ right of return to their homes that are now in Israel. That has added another layer of complexity to a conflict already loaded with sectarian and ethnic overtones that have spilled over into neighboring countries, raising fears of a regional war. Palestinians living in Arab countries including the half-million refugees in Syria are descendants of the hundreds of thousands who fled or were driven from their homes in the war that followed Israel’s creation in 1948. Having scattered across the Middle East since then, Palestinians consistently

have found themselves in the middle of the region’s conflicts. After the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq toppled Saddam Hussein, hundreds of Palestinians were killed as the Sunni and Shiite militias fought for dominance of the country. Iraq’s Shiite majority saw Saddam, who like most Palestinians was a Sunni Muslim, as a patron of the stateless Palestinians, granting them rights the dictator denied his own citizens because they were of the rival sect. About 1,000 Palestinians fled the 2004-07 sectarian bloodshed in Baghdad, living in a refugee camp near the Syrian border before being resettled in third countries. During Lebanon’s 1975-1990 civil war, Palestinians played a major role, fighting alongside Muslim militiamen against Christian forces. Umm Sami, who was born in a refugee camp in Lebanon before the war, was twice forced to flee the fighting, most notably in 1982 when her family escaped the Sabra and

Chatilla camps during the notorious massacre of Palestinians there by Christian militias. She would eventually bury her father, two brothers and her husband all fallen fighters before leaving for Syria and settling with her four sons in Yarmouk, one of nine Palestinian camps in Syria. Her youngest son died in a traffic accident while serving in the Palestinian unit of the Syrian army just weeks before the anti-Assad revolt started in March 2011. None of her other sons joined the revolution, she said, because “they don’t want to die.” Unlike in Lebanon, where Palestinians are cramped into notoriously lawless camps, banned from all but the most menial professions and barred from owning property, Palestinians in Syria are well integrated and enjoy full citizenship rights, except for the right to vote. But when the uprising against Assad erupted in the southern province of Daraa in March 2011, some Palestinians living in a camp

DHAKA—At least 50 people in- in 1947 but it broke away from

RETORIA—Public funds were not spent on

Berlusconi defends Mussolini R OME —Former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi triggered outrage from Italy’s political left on Sunday with comments defending fascist wartime leader Benito Mussolini at a ceremony commemorating victims of the Nazi Holocaust. Speaking at the margins of the event in Milan, Berlusconi said Mussolini had been wrong to follow Nazi Germany’s lead in passing anti-Jewish laws but that he had in other respects been a good leader. “It’s difficult now to put yourself in the shoes of people who were making decisions at that time,” said Berlusconi, who is campaigning for next month’s election at the head of a coalition that includes far-right politicians whose roots go back to Italy’s old fascist party. “Obviously the government of that time, out of fear that German power might lead to complete victory, preferred to ally itself with Hitler’s Germany rather than opposing it,” he said. “As part of this alliance, there were impositions, including combatting and exterminating Jews,” he told reporters. “The racial laws were the worst fault of Mussolini as a leader, who in so many other ways did well,” he said, referring to laws passed by Mussolini’s fascist government in 1938. Although Mussolini is known outside Italy mostly for the alliance with Nazi Germany, his government also paid for major infrastructure projects as well as welfare for supporters. Berlusconi’s comments overshadowed Sunday’s commemoration of thousands of Jews and others deported from Italy to the Nazi death camps of eastern Europe.—Reuters

UN SC envoys in Yemen SANAA—U.N. Security Council envoys flew to Yemen amid tight security on Sunday to show support for a U.S.-backed power transfer deal in danger of faltering and plunging the country back into chaos. Ending political turmoil in Yemen is an international priority it flanks oil producer Saudi Arabia and major shipping lanes and is struggling with multiple conflicts including an al Qaeda insurgency, a Shi’ite Muslim rebellion in the north and separatist forces in the south. Britain’s U.N. representative Mark Lyall Grant, speaking at a news conference in Sanaa after talks with President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, warned what he called a minority against spoiling reconciliation efforts in the Arab world’s poorest country. Witnesses said thousands of Yemeni troops backed by armoured vehicles and helicopters were deployed across Sanaa as the ambassadors arrived for the one-day trip. Grant said the visit was the first to Yemen by the Security Council and the first it had made for five years to the Middle East. “We have noticed that a minority are trying to obstruct the political process,” he said through a translator, adding that under U.N. Security Council Resolution 2014 the council had the power to take steps against those who blocked reconciliation. He did not name anyone, but the political reforms being pursued by Hadi include restructuring the armed forces to weaken the influence of the family of his predecessor Ali Abdullah Saleh.—Reuters

A minibus is set ablaze during a clash between Islamist activists and police in Dhaka.

Yemeni troops with tanks attack al Qaeda stronghold SANAA—Yemeni troops backed and transferred to the southern al- medical sources said. by tanks attacked an al Qaeda stronghold on Monday after talks to free three Western hostages collapsed, an official and residents said, leading to a retaliatory militant raid that killed three soldiers. Tackling lawlessness in the impoverished Arabian Peninsula state, which flanks the world’s biggest oil exporter Saudi Arabia, is an international priority. The United States views Yemen as a frontline in its struggle against al Qaeda. A Finnish couple and an Austrian man, who were studying Arabic in Yemen, were snatched last month by tribesmen in the capital Sanaa. They were later sold to members of al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP),

China concerned over Japan’s military boost BEIJING—China expressed concern on Monday after Japan unveiled plans to boost the number of its military personnel, as a bitter territorial dispute between the two countries drags on. Japan’s Defence Minister Itsunori Onodera said on Sunday the government would increase the number of personnel, now standing at about 225,000, by 287 in the next fiscal year starting in April, the biggest rise in two decades. The figure represents an expansion of about 0.1 percent. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei said Japan should pay greater attention to regional concerns, alluding to Japan’s at times brutal behavior during World War Two which China considers Japan has not done enough to atone for. “Due to historical reasons, Japan’s neighboring countries pay great attention to its military developments,” Hong told a daily news briefing. “We hope that Japan pursues a path of peaceful development, respects the concerns of countries in the region, take history as a mirror and does more to benefit regional peace and stability,” he added. Both sides sought to cool tension last week, with Chinese Communist Party chief Xi Jinping telling an envoy from Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe that he was committed to developing bilateral ties.—Reuers

are alive,” Umm Sami said in Ein el-Hilweh, Lebanon’s largest Palestinian refugee camp, near the southern port city of Sidon. She and her sons, who are all in their 20s and university graduates, fled Yarmouk with only the clothes on their backs, leaving behind a two-bedroom apartment and jobs that paid the bills. Now, they are jobless in Lebanon, officially barred from legal employment, and left to live off help from relatives and handouts from the camp’s mosques. Ein en-Hilweh normally houses 65,000 people, but since mid-December, when a flood of refugees from Yarmouk started arriving, the population has steadily grown by several hundred a day, putting a further strain on resources. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said he asked U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon last month to seek Israeli permission to bring Palestinians caught in Syria’s civil war to their homeland.—AP

Cops among 50 hurt in Bangladesh protests

Zuma home not built with public funds building South African President Jacob Zuma a house in his home village, state investigators said on Sunday in a report that sought to end one of the biggest scandals to hit Zuma before elections next year. The report did say the government had spent 206 million rand (14.5 million pounds) on security upgrades and related costs at the president’s private compound, and that this decision was based on an assessment of threats to Zuma. Opposition politicians and media have said Zuma used up to 250 million rand of state funds to upgrade his private residence in his home village of Nkandla, in KwaZulu-Natal province. Public Works Minister Thulas Nxesi, who led the so-called “Nkandlagate” inquiry, said there was no evidence that public money was spent on Zuma’s home or on any house belonging to him. However, the state paid 71 million rand for security upgrades at the complex and an additional 135 million rand was spent on “operational needs for state departments”, including support staff, medical facilities and accommodation, Nxesi said. The investigation by Nxesi’s department, which was in charge of the upgrades, including installing bullet proof windows and security fences, did find irregularities in awarding tenders. Nxesi told reporters that any officials at his department who were implicated would be investigated and held accountable.—Reuters

there joined in the peaceful protests. When the fighting spread to the northern city of Aleppo in last summer, some took up arms against the regime. In Damascus, most stayed on the sidelines, but as the civil war reached Yarmouk late last year, a densely populated residential area just 8 kilometers (5 miles) from the heart of the capital, most residents backed the rebels. Some groups, however, such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command, opted to fight alongside Assad’s troops. Palestinian officials say more than 700 Palestinians have been killed in the Yarmouk fighting. Most of the camp’s 150,000 inhabitants have fled, according to the U.N. agency for Palestinian refugees. Some of them have found safe haven in areas of Damascus and other Syrian cities, but most have escaped to camps in Lebanon. “We go from catastrophe to catastrophe, from refugee camp to refugee camp, but at least we

Bayda province, a Yemeni official told Reuters earlier this month. A separate government official said the army began its Monday offensive after AQAP rejected demands to release the hostages. Residents said they saw dozens of tanks and armoured vehicles moving at dawn towards al Qaeda’s al-Manaseh stronghold in al-Bayda. “A few hours later, army forces started shelling. We could hear explosions,” a man who gave his name only as Abdullah told Reuters by telephone. Militants retaliated by attacking a military checkpoint in Radda, a town near al-Manaseh. At least three soldiers were killed and 10 wounded in the attack,

The kidnapping of Westerners occurs sporadically in Yemen, mostly by tribesmen seeking bargaining clout in disputes with the authorities or by al Qaeda militants. Washington and other Western governments regard AQAP, which has planned attacks on international targets including airliners, as one of the most dangerous offshoots of the global militant network founded by Osama bin Laden. There have been dozens of killings of security and military officials by suspected al Qaeda gunmen in the past year, suggesting AQAP remains resilient despite increased U.S. drone strikes and an onslaught by government forces.—Reuters

Election year

German unions eye more robust wage gains BERLIN—After securing hefty wage hikes last year, German unions are pushing for more inflation-busting raises in 2013, confident politicians will back their demands in an election year even as the economy grinds to a virtual halt. Another healthy wage increase would help the government show it is doing its part to help struggling southern euro zone partners who are publicly pressing Germany to take steps to boost growth and help drag them out of recession. But the prospect is worrying some economists, who say Germany risks ceding the competitive advantage it has built up over a decade and stoking inflation further down the road. Wages of some 12.5 million workers are due for negotiation this year and economists reckon their paychecks will outpace inflation to rise between 2.5 and 4.0 percent. Negotiated wages climbed by an average 2.7 percent in 2012. “The overall climate should foster higher wage increases,” said Eckart Tuchtfeld, an economist at Commerzbank, pointing to the federal election in September and a simmering debate about income inequality in Germany. Years of wage restraint, combined with labour market reforms, has helped turn Germany - once described as the “sick man of Europe” - into

an economic success story. But German paychecks have begun to creep higher. In 2012 IG Metall, an industrial union which is negotiating for around 4.3 million industrial workers this year, clinched its biggest pay rise in 20 years - a 4.3 percent wage hike over 13 months. Last week, more than 1,000 IG Metall members dressed in red union t-shirts marched in the western city of Cologne, blowing whistles and brandishing placards which read “More income - we’ve earned it!”. They called for a 5 percent pay rise for nearly 200,000 workers in the wood and plastics industry. “At IG Metall we don’t see any grounds for saying wage restraint is necessary at the moment,” said Helga Schwitzer, an executive board member responsible for wage policy. “The issue of strengthening consumer demand is very important and we think growth is stable enough to be able to cope with a reasonable pay increase.” “Without compensation for inflation, we don’t have enough money for shopping. And I also don’t want to forego my share of productivity and profits,” said Klaus Soboll, chairman of the general works council at Huelsta, a furniture manufacturer close to the Dutch border..—Reuters

Monitors to ensure fair Kenya polls N AIROBI —An official says Kenya’s March elections will be closely monitored by the international community and local groups to help identify potential problems that may lead to tensions in the electoral process. Five years ago a flawed presidential vote sparked off protests and ethnic fighting that killed more than 1,000 people and drove 600,000 others from their homes. The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission said Monday more than 1,014 international observers and more than 10,000 local observers have been accredited, and more applications for observers were still being processed. Tabitha Mutemi, the commission’s communication director says the observers will enhance the transparency of the vote. The European Union and the U.S. are among the nations that announced that they will send observers to monitor the elections.—AP

French, Mali troops hunt fleeing rebels MALI—French-backed Malian troops searched through Timbuktu for Islamist rebel fighters on Monday after seizing the airport and surrounding the ancient Saharan trading town in a lightning offensive against al Qaeda-allied fighters in northern Mali. “We are in control of the airport in Timbuktu and forces are in the process of securing the town,” Mali’s Defence Ministry spokesman Lt. Col Diarran Kone told Reuters. In a commando operation similar to the one at the weekend that seized Gao, the other large northern Malian town occupied by Islamist insurgents since last year, French special forces backed by warplanes and helicopters swooped on Timbuktu airport to open the way for Malian and other African troops. The weekend gains made at Gao and Timbuktu by the French and Malian troops capped a twoweek whirlwind intervention by France in its former Sahel colony, which has driven al Qaeda-allied militant fighters northwards into the desert and mountains. “Little by little, Mali is being liberated,” French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius told France 2 television.—AP

cluding policemen were injured in Bangladesh on Monday as Islamist activists protested against the prosecution of their leaders on charges stemming from a war of independence 40 years ago, police and witnesses said. Protesters set off crude explosives and threw bricks at police who tried to disperse them with teargas, batons and some shots in the air, witnesses said. “The Islamists vandalized dozens of vehicles and set fire to two buses in Motijheel commercial area and other places in the city,” a police officer said. Islamist party spokesman were not available for comment. Police detained about 20 activists, reporters on the scene said, and the disturbances disrupted traffic on city-centre roads. Similar protests broke out in the northern town of Rajshahi, Chittagong in the southeast and several other towns across the country. Bangladesh became part of Pakistan at the end of British rule

Pakistan in 1971 after a war between Bangladeshi nationalists, who were backed by India, and Pakistani forces. Some factions in Bangladesh opposed the break with Pakistan. A Bangladeshi war crimes tribunal began work in mid-2011 to investigate some of the violence during the nine-month war when up to three million people were killed and thousands of women were raped. Last week, the tribunal reached its first verdict, sentencing a former member of the Jamaat-e-Islami party and a popular Islamic preacher, Abul Kalam Azad, to death in absentia. Azad has been missing since April last year but the government says it is trying to find him. Azad was charged with collaborating with Pakistani forces in the murder of Hindus, a minority in the majority-Muslim state. In one case, he was accused of killing at least 12 Hindus while shooting indiscriminately along with Pakistani soldiers.—Reuters

Iran denies uranium facility blast DUBAI—Iran has denied media cent level needed for nuclear enreports of a major explosion at one of its most sensitive uranium enrichment sites, describing them as Western propaganda designed to influence upcoming nuclear negotiations. Reuters has been unable to verify reports since Friday of an explosion early last week at the underground Fordow bunker, near the religious city of Qom, that some Israeli and Western media have said caused significant damage. “The false news of an explosion at Fordow is Western propaganda ahead of nuclear negotiations to influence their process and outcome,” state news agency IRNA quoted the deputy head of Iran’s Atomic Energy Organisation, Saeed Shamseddin Bar Broudi, as saying late on Sunday. Iran’s ISNA news agency quoted military commander Massoud Jazayeri as saying: “I deny an explosion at the Fordow site.” In late 2011 the plant at Fordow began producing uranium enriched to 20 percent fissile purity, compared with the 3.5 per-

ergy plants. Several U.N. Security Council resolutions have ordered Iran to suspend all uranium enrichment. Speculation of an explosion at Fordow followed an Iranian news agency report that global powers and Tehran could resume talks on Iran’s disputed nuclear program on Monday and Tuesday. The European Union, the lead negotiator on the nuclear talks, said there was no such agreement. Diplomats in Vienna, where the United Nations’ nuclear agency is based, said on Monday they had no knowledge of any incident at Fordow but were looking into the reports. One Western diplomat said he did not believe them to be correct. The U.N. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which regularly inspects Iranian nuclear sites including Fordow, had no immediate comment. Iran has accused Israel and the United States of trying to sabotage its nuclear program, which the West suspects hides an attempt to develop atom bomb capability. –Reuers

Putin fires head of Russia’s restive Dagestan region MOSCOW—President Vladimir Putin has dismissed the head of Russia’s southerly Dagestan province, the Kremlin said on Monday, signalling concern over mounting Islamist violence, corruption and political rivalries in the Caucasus. Putin appointed Magomedsalam Magomedov, 49, to a role in the presidential administration, the Kremlin statement said, removing him from a post that he had held since 2010. Ramzan Abdulatipov, 67, a veteran politician elected last year as deputy head of the ruling United Russia party in the lower house of parliament, was named acting head of Dagestan. The Kremlin did not specify any reason for the move. Throughout the 13 years since Putin rose to power and crushed a separatist revolt in Chechnya, Russia has battled a simmering insurgency across its mainly Muslim provinces strung along the northern flank of the Caucasus mountains. Dagestan is now the centre of militant violence

in the region, where suicide bombings, sniper attacks on officials and shootouts at road checkpoints are a near daily occurrence. In 2012, militants killed 211 law enforcement officers and 78 civilians in the North Caucasus, the head of the Interior Ministry’s operations in the region said last week. The impending 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, at the opposite, Western end of the Caucasus, is making control of the Islamist threat ever more urgent. “Dagestan is without question the most important security concern in the region and, with the Sochi Olympics approaching, the Kremlin needs to impose order,” said Akhmed Yarlikapov, an expert on Dagestan with the Russian Academy of Sciences. The province is due to hold elections in the autumn - although under a draft bill backed by Putin’s ruling party, the vote could be scrapped in favour of a system that would allow Putin to pick his preferred candidate.—Reuters


Sri Lanka cling on for last-ball M E L B O U R N E — T h i s a r a annoyed at the Sri Lankans, hand, the new target of 122 and even the handshakes involving players who weren’t on the field at the end became testy. It became that kind of night when rain interrupted Australia’s chase of 162 and despite the shower being short, the umpires did not allow play to restart for 45 minutes due to difficulties drying the outfield. When the rain arrived after 10 overs, Australia were 15 runs behind on the Duckworth-Lewis score at 2 for 60. By the time play resumed at 10.49pm Australia needed a further 62 runs from five overs. With Shaun Marsh and George Bailey well set and eight wickets in

from 15 overs gave Australia hope of pulling off victory. However, Perera and Nuwan Kulasekara proved especially difficult to score off and while Bailey and Marsh managed to find 16 runs from Lasith Malinga’s only remaining over, and 12 off an over from Ajantha Mendis, they were left needing 18 from the final over to be bowled by Perera. The loss of Bailey, caught at deep midwicket for 45 from 36 balls, left 16 required from four balls with the new batsman Maxwell at the crease. Perera briefly appeared to lose his nerve and sent down a no-ball above waist height that helped the Australians and Maxwell then struck a pair of fours Doherty ................ 4-0-30-1 through the off side to leave Sri Lanka: Dilshan b Faulkner .......... 6 Australia (target 122 runs four needed from one. Fortunately for Sri Lanka, Perera c Bailey from 15 overs) b Maxwell ....................... 15 A. Finch lbw A. Mendis . 7 Perera managed to deny him Chandimal c Bailey Warner b Kulasekara ...... 7 that boundary. Australia’s chase had b Laughlin ........................ 5 S. Marsh not out ........... 47 Jayawardene not out .... 61 G. Bailey b T. Perera ...... 45 started poorly with the loss Mendis c Faulkner G. Maxwell not out .......... 8 of David Warner for 7 in the b Doherty ....................... 25 Extras: (2lb, 1b, 1nb, 1w) 5 second over when he tried thump Kulasekara T. Perera not out ............ 35 Total: (3 wkts, 15 overs) 119 to Extras: (1b, 8lb, 5w) ....... 14 Fall of wickets: 1-10, 2-20, 3- through the leg side but succeeded only in sending a Total: (4 wkts) .............. 161 106 Fall of wickets: 1-15, 2-33, 3- Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W leading edge to mid-off. That Dilshan ................. 2-0-10-0 was followed by the depar39, 4-102 Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W Kulasekara ........... 3-0-18-1 ture of his opening partner Maxwell ................ 4-0-23-1 A. Mendis ............ 3-0-25-1 Aaron Finch for 7 in the fifth Starc ...................... 4-0-35-0 Malinga ................ 2-0-10-0 over, lbw to the first ball Faulkner ................ 4-0-24-1 Dananjaya ............ 1-0-12-0 Mendis bowled when he Laughlin ............... 4-0-40-1 T. Perera .................. 1-0-4-0 tried to sweep a straight delivery.—AFP

Perera was the difference with the bat and then held his nerve, although only barely, with the ball to seal a tworun victory off the final delivery of a rain-reduced chase. In a heated finale, Glenn Maxwell needed four runs from the last ball for victory and was frustrated by a long conference held by several Sri Lanka players before the delivery was bowled, and when Perera sent down the ball wide of off Maxwell missed and all the batsmen could manage was a bye. The Sri Lanka players were jubilant but there were tense scenes as the players walked off, Maxwell clearly

HITEC Taxila crush F-8/3 College, clinch volleyball title ISLAMABAD—The volleyball team of College for Men, Heavy Industries Taxila Education City (HITEC), Taxila Cantonment broke the 16year undefeated record of Federal Government Model Colleges, Islamabad by defeating the team of Federal Government Model School F-8/3 Islamabad in three out of four matches. Four volleyball games were played between the teams of Hitec College for Men Taxila Cantt and FG

Model School F-8/3 Islamabad. The team of HITEC College for Men defeated the team of F.G School by winning three out of four matches at its own (F.G School’s) home ground, ball, referee and spectators. The students of 9th and 10th classes of HITEC participated in the matches. The F.G Model School F-8/3 has been champion of volleyball at the federal level for last 16-years. Its Captain Fazlur Rehman led the HITEC team. The whole

team comprised of the students of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), who are receiving education at HITEC on scholarships. The team played the matches under the supervision of Hitec Sports Coordinator Mrs Sittara Jabeen. In the first, second, third and fourth half, the HITEC team scored 25, 23, 25 and 25 points respectively against the F.G School’s team which scored 21, 25, 20, 17 points respectively.—Agencies

GB lifts Saadia Khan Ski Cup 2013 N A LTA R (Gilgit)—Saadia Khan Ski Cup concluded at PAF Ski Resort, Naltar Monday. Begum Shehla Tahir was the Chief Guest on the occasion. President Ski Federation, Air Marshal Farhat Hussain Khan, Vice Chief of the Air Staff, Pakistan Air Force was also present on the occasion. Chief guest distributed trophies and awards among the winners.

Gilgit Baltistan team won the Cup this year. Besides Saadia Khan Cup, the competitions of children (Boys and girls) were also concluded. In children boys’ category PAF team won the trophy. In the children girls’ category PAF Skiers won the trophy. The ski competition continued for three days at PAF Ski Resort, Naltar. Skiers from various Ski associa-

tions of Pakistan including Sindh, KP, Balochistan, Islamabad, Northern Areas, Adventure Foundation, Alpine Club, Pakistan Army and Pakistan Air Force participated in the championship in temperatures below freezing point. A large number of spectators and Ski lovers from all over the country came to witness the championship.—Online

MELBOURNE: James Faulkner attempts to stop the ball off his own bowling during Australia-Sri Lanka, 2nd T20 on Monday.

Pak lead by 312 in warm up match SOUTH AFRICAN—Pakistan scored 240 runs at the loss of five wickets in its second inning on the day 3 of the fourday warm-up match against South African Invitation XI there by enjoying a led of 312 runs. Opener Mohammad Hafeez scored 83 runs while co-opener Nasir Jamshed and third-down captain Misbahul Haq scored 51 runs each in Pakistan’s second inning. He was still at the crease at the end of the third day along with Sarfraz Ahmed at 19 runs. Earlier on Sunday, South Africa Invitation XI replying to Pakistan’s first inning score of 329 runs allout was all out for 257 runs in the warm-up match at East London, South Africa.—AFP

Brazil delays WC event over fire tragedy BRASILIA —Brazil has postponed an event dubbed “500 Days until World Cup-2014” set for Monday in Brasilia after a deadly nightclub fire in the country’s south killed at least 233 people, officials said Sunday. “As a sign of mourning due to the tragedy in Santa Maria (in Rio Grande do Sul state), Federal District governor Agnelo Queiroz, who is deeply saddened, has decided to push back the event that had been scheduled for National Stadium” in the federal capital, his office said.—AFP

Tennis stars to face extra drug testing MELBOURNE—Novak Djokovic’s cheque for winning the Australian Open on Sunday was more than the entire annual budget for antidoping in tennis, a programme many feel is woefully inadequate. Djokovic and Andy Murray left Melbourne on Monday with a combined $3.8 million in their pockets for their efforts over the past fortnight. The total funding for the 2013 anti-doping programme stands at $2 million, paid for by the four grand slams, the International Tennis Federation (ITF) and ATP and WTA Tours. The cost includes $400,000 for the administration of the programme, paid for by the ITF. Many players, including Djokovic and Murray, have called for more blood tests to ensure there is no cheating. Of the 2,150 tests carried out by the ITF in 2011, the last set of figures available, 131 were blood tests and only 21 were out of competition. Blood tests accounted for between three and six percent of all tests in tennis in 2011, compared to 35 percent in cycling and 17.6 percent in athletics. “I would struggle to know if there is any other sport where their drug-testing programme has gone backwards in recent years,” said Darren Cahill, who coached Lleyton Hewitt and Andre Agassi to the world number one spot. Following Lance Armstrong’s confession that he took drugs in all seven of his Tour de France cycling wins, tennis has come in for greater scrutiny with regards

to doping. “You get blood tested at the slams, usually after you lose, but I’ve never been blood tested out of competition,” said American Mike Bryan, who won a record 13th grand slam title together with twin brother Bob Bryan in the men’s doubles on Saturday. Bryan told Reuters he is probably tested around 20 times a year, but out-of-competition, through the whereabouts programme, it has only ever been urine tests. Urine tests can detect many drugs, including EPO, one of several taken by Armstrong and other leading cyclists but only blood tests can detect HGH, human growth hormone. SLIPPING THROUGH

Jayasuriya named chairman of selectors

RAWALPINDI: Winners of National Badminton Championship at Shahbaz Sharif Sports Complex, Shamsabad.

COLOMBO—Sanath Jayasuriya has been appointed chairman of selectors by sports minister M a h i n d a n a n d a Aluthgamage, and the number of selectors increased to five, Sri Lanka’s sports ministry confirmed on Monday. Jayasuriya is a member of parliament for the ruling United People’s Freedom Alliance, of which Aluthgamage is also a member. He was a late addition to the list of nominees sent to the minister by Sri Lanka cricket, and will begin his tenure on February 1, 19 months after his last appearance for Sri Lanka. Former fast bowlers Pramodya Wickramasinghe and Eric Upashantha were also appointed to the panel, as well as former batsmen Chaminda Mendis and Hemantha Wickramaratne, who is the only selector to receive a second consecutive term, having also served NALTAR: Begum Shehla Tahir, President Pakistan Air Force Women Association awarding trophy to winner of in the last panel under Saadia Khan Cup at PAF Ski Resort. Ashantha de Mel.—AFP

John Fahey, the head of the World Anti-Doping Agency, said tennis has an “effective anti-doping programme” but that more should be done. “If there are insufficient blood samples being taken then athletes will become aware of that and make it the drug of their choice because they know the sport does not pay attention to blood testing,” Fahey told Reuters by telephone. “I would like to see a compulsory percentage of all tests being blood to make sure that some of these areas are not slipping through the loop. “There has been a propensity to draw back on blood testing across the board. I will be pushing to have that altered by way of mandatory

blood testing provisions in the amended code that will be signed off in November this year at our world conference. “Another worry is that sometimes when they take a urine sample they do not tell the laboratory to analyse it for everything. “EPO, which was the drug of choice, was not being tested for to keep the costs down. I believe that we need to change that.” Bryan said if players have any evidence their rivals are cheating, they have an obligation to tell the authorities. “You’d rat them out,” he told Reuters. “It’s like the honour code; you have to. You just don’t want to get caught up in a whole scandal like that.—Agencies

Playing with men’s team can improve my game : Sarah Taylor Family would support me men’s team BIPIN DANI OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT M UMBAI —England’s 24year-old top order right handed batswoman and the wickekeeper Sarah Taylor believes her playing with the men’s team can improve her game. Speaking exclusively in a one to one chat here, where she has come as a member of the Women’s World Cup team, she said, “Men obviously have more strength and speed but when it comes to my keeping it can only benefit my game”. Sarah Taylor is in talks to play men’s second XI

county cricket team this summer in what would be a groundbreaking move for women’s sport. “It was not my idea but Sussex 2XI coach approached Mark Lane about keepers and Mark (Lane) suggested my name”. Sarah Taylor is confident her family would support her playing with men team. “They would support me no matter what and are proud of me already but ultimately there is no game or anything arranged (yet) but if the opportunity presents itself they (family members) would help me through it”, she added. Sarah believes it would be a challenge to play with the men’s team.

“Techinically the game is same but in men’s cricket, the ball is (slightly) bigger and have to face quicker bowling”. Interestingly, Sarah has already played with boys’ team in her Brighton College team. “The experience is it was good for my cricket as a whole. Having Holly Colvin there made it more fun as we used to joke about girls surrounding the batsman when she was bowling and I was keeping the wickets”. “I take a lot of what I learnt then on to the field to-day”, she concluded. Her 24 year-old elder sister and 21-year-old younger brother have not been playing the game.


Car commuters gain more weight

P

EOPLE driving to work every day are packing on more pounds than their col leagues on trains, buses and bikes, according to a new study from Australia. “Even if you are efficiently active during leisure time, if you use a car for commuting daily then that has an impact on weight gain,” lead author Takemi Sugiyama of the Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute in Melbourne told Reuters Health. Among people in the study who got at least two and a half hours of weekly exercise, car commuters gained an average of four pounds over four years - one pound more than people who got to work another way or worked from home. Of 822 study participants, only those who got enough weekly exercise and never drove to work managed to stave off any weight gain over the course of the study. Participants who didn’t get enough weekly exercise also gained weight, but how much they gained wasn’t tied to their mode of getting to work, according to results published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. “Simply achieving the amount of moderate physical activity otherwise recommended won’t provide enough compensation to overcome the effect of commuting for a long period of time,” said Lawrence Frank of the School of Community and Regional Planning at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. But there are probably other factors at work that were not considered in the study, noted Frank, who was not involved

in the new research. “People who have longer commutes tend to purchase a lot of their food and run a lot of errands on their way to and from work,” which could influence weight gain, Frank told Reuters Health. And 80 percent of car trips are non-commuting, he points out. Previous studies that focused on total time spent in cars per day have also found a link to becoming overweight or obese. A 2004 study of adults in Atlanta, Georgia, found that each additional hour of time spent in a car each day was associated with a six percent increase in the chances of obesity. “Commuting is a truly important predictor of obesity,” Frank said. In Australia, about 80 percent of working adults take a car to work every day - similar to the 86 percent figure in the U.S. But many of those people don’t have another option, said Sugiyama, who researches health risks in daily life. “The message is, if possible try to avoid cars, but for many people that sort of choice isn’t available,” he said.That’s largely due to the layout of cities and suburban areas, according to Frank, a registered landscape architect. “Spreading growth out, and building cities to add cheaper housing at the outskirts is a problem,” he said. “It’s the responsibility of government to provide public transport to and from work, and design neighborhoods where short walks are accessible to people,” said Sugiyama. “But that’s a long term solution.”

KARACHI: Models walk down the ramp during a fashion show at Expo Centre.

PM attends wedding of MNA’s daughter K ARACHI — Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf here on Sunday attended the wedding ceremony of the daughter of MNA Abdul Ghani Talpur. Sindh Chief Minister, Syed Qaim Ali Shah, former prime minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani, Federal Minister for Religious Affairs, Syed Khursheed Ahmed Shah, Sindh Minister for Finance, Syed Murad Ali Shah and other notables also attended the ceremony. The Prime Minister remained there for sometime with MNA Abdul Ghani Talpur and greeted him on marriage of his daughter.—APP

PPP most popular political party in country: Chawla KARACHI—Sindh Minister for

KARACHI: Chief Minister Sindh Syed Qaim Ali Shah witnessing the MoU singing ceremony between BBSYDP & NCHD on Women Economic Development project at CM House.

KWSB sets up Implementation & Coordination Cell

Kidnapping of Pharma officials condemned

STAFF REPORTER

S TAFF R EPORTER

KARACHI—The Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KWSB) has set up an Implementation and Coordination Cell. An announcement on Monday said that the cell has been established on the instruction of the Managing Director of the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board, Misbahuddin Farid. It said that Tehsin Manzar has been appointed as the Director of this Cell set up at the secretariat of the Managing Director. The Cell would help improve the performance of the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board, the announcement added.

KARACHI—Trade and industrial associations have condemned the kidnapping of Karachi pharmaceutical company’s officials by unknown persons from outside a Lahore session court. Patron In-Chief Korangi Association of Trade and Industry (KATI) S M Muneer, Chairman Zubair Chhaya, President All Karachi Industrial Alliance (AKIA) and Chairman Pakistan Businessmen and Intellectuals Forum (PIBF), Mian Zahid Hussain and Vice Chairmen, Najmul Arfeen and Niaz Ahmed while expressing their sharp reaction over the kidnapping of the officials of Efroze Chemi-

cal Industry. They have termed the act as highhandedness and an act of bypassing the court. They said that according to media report as soon as they came out of court premises, four to six unknown persons kidnapped them at gunpoint. The local police have not registered an FIR even after 4 days, they added. The sessions court also assigned a bailiff. The bailiff has so far could not recover the officials. They earnestly demanded of the Chief Minister of Punjab Mian Shahbaz Sharif to intervene into the matter and order the local police to recover the kidnapped officials immediately.

Excise and Taxation, Mukesh Kumar Chawla said that the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) is the most popular political party in the country. n a statement here on Monday, he said that the NGOs’ surveys have no significance and that the next general elections would show as to which party is ahead in popularity. The Minister pointed out that PPP is the party of the masses with roots among the people and that there is no decline in its popularity graph. He was of the view that no other political party can match the PPP as far as the popularity is concerned. —APP

Child killed among six killed in fresh spate of Karachi violence STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—At least six persons were killed including a two year old child and a worker of Sunni Tehrik in the fresh wave of violence in the city on Monday. In the first incident, some unknown armed motorcyclist opened indiscriminate firing on three personals resultantly they sustained severe injuries. On receiving information, Police and rescue teams reached on the spot and shifted the injured persons to hospital for medical aid. Later on, the injured personals Farhan and Riaz succumbed to injuries while the injured Kamran under treatment in hospital. Police claimed that the dead were the residents of Golimar and were going to office when unknown motorcyclist target killing. In second incident, some unknown armed men opened fired on 24-year-old Khalid killing him on the spot in the area of new Karachi sector 11/J. He was the worker of Sunni Tehrik while two year old child Inshal sustained severe injuries due to gun fire. Later on, they were

shifted to Abbasi shaheed hospital where the child succumbed to injuries. Meanwhile, The former president of electronic market Muhammad Irfan who sustained severe injuries in firing three days back also died. The member of the Sunni Tehrik Sarwat Ijaz Qadri condemned the target-killing incident and called on emergency meeting in which the comprehensive security plan was chalked out. In other incident, Hasan who was 30 years old and earn his livelihood by driving truck while one more man shot dead in Gulistan Johar at samama shopping center. But the identification of both could not be ascertained yet. However, police registered the case and started thorough investigation At least five people have been killed as a result of target killing and other incidents of violence across the metropolis on Monday. Meanwhile, The Co-ordination Committee of Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) has demanded of the government to bring the killers of the former

president of Karachi Electronic Dealers Association (KEDA) to justice.Expressing grief and sorrow over the murder of Muhammad Irfan, who was killed in an armed attack, the committee called for urgent steps to give protection to the business community and citizens of Karachi, a statement issued here on Monday said. The Co-ordination Committee demanded of the high-ups to take serious notice of the killing of Muhammad Irfan. It said that the protection of business community and the general public should be ensured at all costs. The leader of Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) Altaf Hussain has expressed grief and sorrow over killing of the former president of Karachi Electronic Dealers Association Muhammad Irfan. In a condolence message, he expressed sympathies with the bereaved family and traders of the electronic market. Altaf Hussain demanded of Sindh Governor Dr. Ishrat-ulEbad Khan and Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah to take notice of the killing and bring the perpetrators to justice.

Governor grieved over killing of business leader KARACHI—Sindh Governor Dr Ishrat-ul- Ebad Khan on Monday expressed deep grief over the killing of business leader Muhammad Irfan. Expressing deep concern over the incident, the Governor has directed the concerned authorities to arrest the culprits immediately. He also expressed condolence with the bereaved family and prayed for eternal peace to the departed soul. It may be mentioned here that ex-president of Karachi Electronics and Small Traders Association, Muhammad Irfan was shot and succumbed to injures at a local hospital.—APP

Meeting reviews municipal utility charges recovery position

CNG stations to close for 24 hours

K ARACHI — Chief officer Karachi Municipal Corporation tions in Sindh will remain closed (KMC) ,Matanat Ali Khan has from 8 am on Wednesday (Janudirected the Municipality Utilary 30, 2013) till 8am on Thursity Charges Department to imday (January 31, 2013) for 24 prove the situation regarding hours only. According to Sui utility charges recovery with the Southern Gas Company (SSGC) announcement here Monday, KARACHI: Commuters face hardship due to illegal encroachments at Liaqatabad coordination of 178 union councils. Addressing a meeting on this step has been taken by the Super Market. utility charges recovery,the gas utility under its “Gas Load KMC Chief officer said that the Management” programme. union councils (UCs) with betSSGC regrets the inconvenience ter recovery position will be which may be caused to the awarded financial benefits, said CNG users during the above a statement on Monday. notified 24 hour shut down peMatanat Ali said we would riod, the company said.—APP have to employ all available resources to ensure provision of KARACHI—Sindh Chief Min- Officer, HESCO Abbasi, officer HESCO claimed to 8,500 num- municipal services to the bers with billing amount of Rs Karachiites and improve our efister, Syed Qaim Ali Shah, Mon- from SEPCO and others. A CM House statement said 9.75 billion remained unac- ficiency in this regard. day presided a joint high level meeting of federal and provin- that the meeting was informed counted for. He called for concentrated The meeting was further in- efforts by all UCs to enhance the cial governments at the CM that the Sindh Government has made utmost efforts towards formed that a high level meet- municipal utility recovery. House. The meeting was attended settlement of outstanding ing was presided by Federal Matanat also called upon the among others by Federal Minis- amount against electricity bill- Minister for Water and Power on officials concerned to improve KARACHI—The University of ter for Religious Affairs, Syed ing/claims pertaining to 29.4.2012 for settlement of is- their performance regarding proKarachi on Monday announced Khursheed Ahmed Shah, Federal HESCO and SEPCO, which is sue. vision of municipal facilities so It was decided that actual as to persuade the consumers to the result of LL.M Previous Finance Minister, Abdul Hafeez excessive as compared to other bills against 7,751 healthy con- pay their bills of utility services Annual Examination 2012. Ac- Shaikh, Sindh Finance Minister, provinces. It was informed that the nections would be paid for Rs charges. cording to statistics, 146 candi- Syed Murad Ali Shah, Sindh dates appeared in the examina- Minister for Local Government, claim of Rs 25.8 billion up to 1692.94 million. The payment Senior Director Municipal tion and of these 68 were de- Agha Siraj Durrani, Federal Sec- June 2010 is excessive/exagger- against 7,518 defective/ Utility Charges, Tahir Durrani, clared as successful with a pass retary Water and Power, Ms. ated, as such HESCO billing unmetered connections be made Assistant Director Local Govpercentage of 46.58. The marks Nargis Sethi, ACS (Finance) was settled at Rs 3.9 billion in on the basis of connected load ernment Qamar Sheikh, the Secsheets are being issued, the Arif Ahmed Khan, Secretary pursuance of agreement on and it was decided that Rs 2,180 retaries of the UCs and other ofKARACHI: A view of the burnt police vehicles after attack of angry persons on a police check Karachi University statement Energy Department, Sohail 11.04.2010, while the million will be paid through an ficials concerned were also post in Gadap Town after the killing of a man in firing by unknown assailants in Ayyub Goth. added.—APP Ahmed Rajput, Chief Executive unauthorised connections which agreement.—APP present on the occasion.—APP KARACHI—All the CNG sta-

KU announces LL.M Annual Examination 2012 result

CM Sindh chairs meeting on outstanding dues of electricity bills


Poor diet of shift workers an ‘occupational health hazard’

T

HE editors of a leading journal suggest that the poor diet of shift workers should be considered an occupational health hazard. They argue that working patterns should be treated as a specific risk factor for obesity and type 2 diabetes, which have reached epidemic proportions in the developed world, with the developing world not far behind. With reference to studies published in earlier issues of the journal, that show links between increased risk in type 2 diabetes and shift work patterns in American nurses, Dr Virginia Barbour, chief editor of the journal PLoS Medicine and her fellow editors make a case in this month’s edition for classing unhealthy eating as a new form of occupational hazard, especially in those workplaces that employ shift workers, whose easy access to junk food compared to healthier options just makes it harder to keep to a good diet. Shift work is common in both the developed and the developing world. About 15 to 20% of workers in Europe and the US work shifts, many of them in the health care industry.As the world moves more toward the 24/7 pattern of “open all hours”, shift work will become even more common than this, and if the data from studies cited in their editorial are to be taken at face value, then this pattern of work has the “potential to accelerate the progression of the global epidemic of obesity and diabetes,” write the PLoS editors.They refer to “compelling evidence” in a paper by An Pan and others published in PLoS Medicine earlier this year that found strong links

between rotating night shift work and risk of type 2 diabetes. In that paper, the researchers analyzed 18-20 years of follow up data from the long-running US Nurses Health Study (NHS).Pan and colleagues noted that there is now good evidence that proper screening and intervention are needed to prevent diabetes in rotating night shift workers. Although diet is only one of the risk factors for diabetes, it is an obvious target for intervention, being potentially easier to change than others such as the “metabolic consequences of a deranged circadian rhythm”, argue the editors. However, a move in this direction takes occupational health and safety even further away from its once traditional territory of environmental hazards towards something more “personal”: the diet of workers. Such a transition requires what the editors describe as a “change in thinking” that is, however, “not unthinkable”. Steps into this personal arena have already been taken, with attempts to “encourage” employers to help their workers eat more healthily. But the editors question the seriousness of those efforts and contrast them with the much more “prescriptive” approach that has been taken with reducing exposure to tobacco smoke.Workplaces that employ shift workers could lead the way in such a drive, and the editors offer the Cleveland Clinic, where incentives for healthy eating, along with exercise and smoking cessation, have led to measurable improvement in employee health.

Ch Shujaat cuts his birthday cake STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Pakistan Muslim League-Q (PML-Q) President Senator Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain cut his birthday cake at his residence here on Monday. PML Secretary General Mushahid Hussain Sayed and Ch Shafaat Hussain were also present on this occasion. According to the press release, Women MPAs Sameena Khawar Hayat, Amna Ulfat, Khadeeja Farooqui, Syeda Majida Zaidi and Dr Samia Amjad and party leaders Kanwal Naseem, Azeeza Saeed, Rehana Jamil, Samia Tariq, Tabussum Naaz, Takeen Aftab, Rukhsana Mehr, Nadira, Meh Jabin, Amna Hayat, Rabia Rehman, Shamim, Lubna Tariq, Fatima Malhi, Shagufta and Rehana Shaikh congratulated Ch Shujat Hussain and expressed their best wishes for his long healthy life LAHORE: A group photo of PML-Q President Senator Ch Shujat Hussain with his well wishers on the occasion of his birthday. and presented him bouquets.

Punjab young doctors’ strike enters 13th day STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Young doctors, un-

der the banner of Young Doctors Association (YDA) Punjab, continued their strike in Out Patients Departments (OPDs), which entered into 13th consecutive day on Monday. The YDA Punjab continued protest strike at all OPDs of hospitals of Punjab including Lahore to exert pressure on government to consider their demands regarding service structure, release of their colleagues and stoppage of victimisation. The sufferings of poor patients have multiplied manifolds with every passing day of strike. The young doctors, however, continued treatment of patients at makeshift OPD camps set up outside hospitals. The senior doctors, on the other hand, are busy in providing treatment to patients at OPD wards of their respective hospitals. The relatives of patients demanded the government to take strict action against all those doctors involved in this crime of denying fair and timely treatment to poor patients at OPDs. LAHORE: President PPP Punjab Mian Manzoor Ahmad Wattoo addressing a press The Punjab Health Departconference. ment has failed to initiate dialogue with young doctors to resolve the matter of strike and restore normal functioning of hospitals in the interest of patients.

US supports democratic system in Pakistan: Olson STAFF REPORTER

LAHORE—US Ambassador to Pakistan, Richard Olson said a strong democratic system is imperative for Pakistan and all the political parties want to keep the democracy intact in the country. He further said that the US does not support any specific individual or political party in Pakistan. He was talking to the media representatives after visiting Badshahi Mosque and the poet of East Allama Iqbal’s mausoleum here on Monday. Security was beefed up on this occasion as a heavy contingent of police and rangers was deployed on the adjacent areas to avert any untoward incident.

Action against traffic rules violators: CTO LAHORE—Chief Traffic Officer Capt (CTO) (retd) Sohail Chaudhry on Monday said that city traffic police have taken strict action against juvenile rickshaw drivers, overloading, overspeeding and risky driving. According to traffic police, the CTO said the city traffic have taken action against 487 juvenile rikshaw drivers, 353 vehicles for overloading, 173 drivers on driving dangerously and 358 vehicles for overspeed. He directed the traffic wardens to educate the drivers to drive their vehicles on extreme left side of the road.—APP

Khateeb of the mosque Moulana Abdul Khabeer Azad welcomed the ambassador and apprised him of the historical background of various places. Richard Olson said Washington values democratic system in Pakistan and wanted free and fair elections. He said his country would accept results of general elections as strengthening of democracy and the state institutions in Pakistan is the need of hour. He also said that the US does not support any particular political party but democracy and a peaceful end of the long march is encouraging. He added that it is the right of the people of Pakistan to decide for a better future and work in unison. He further said the US

wanted to strengthen the institutions in Pakistan and being an ambassador he did not meet any person on individual basis and he usually met with the heads of all the political parties without any discrimination. The US Ambassador said holding of meetings with politicians and businessmen is a routine matter. Appreciating the current political efforts in Pakistan to strengthen the democracy, he said it was a good sign that Pakistan was heading towards a better democratic country and Pakistan-US relationship based on strong ties. He said he liked the traditional breakfast of the city Lahore and whenever he visited Lahore he preferred to take Lahori breakfast.

Child vaccination made mandatory STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Punjab Health Department has decided that children who have not been vaccinated for measles, polio, hepatitis and TB will not be issued their birth certificates nor will they be allowed admission in schools. These decisions were taken in a meeting chaired by DCO Lahore following countless deaths due to measles, polio, hepatitis and TB. Schools across the city will also be informed that children without proper vaccinations should not be admitted under any circumstances. Over 1,000 cases of measles have been reported in

Lahore most of them in Lahore. Later talking to media representatives in Punjab Secretariat, the secretary health Punjab Capt (R) Arif Nadeem said all the teams of health workers were activated from Attock to Rahim Yar Khan to cope with the outbreak of measles in Punjab. He said all the required and essential medicines had been provided to all the hospitals and healthcare centers and lady health workers were directed to visit door to door to ensure the vaccination. He further said all the concerned Executive District Officers (Health) were directed to present daily basis reports to Punjab Secretariat.

Office bearers of Ju-jitsu elected LAHORE—Khalil Ahmed Khan and Waqar Ilyas Khan were reelected President and Secretary of Pakistan Ju-jitsu Federation at a general council of the body which cancelled the membership of one its affiliated unit for violating the constitution. “Election meeting was attended by all the affiliated members of the PJJF, barring Pakistan Air Force “, said a spokesman of PJJF here on Monday .Representatives of Pakistan Olympic Association and Pakistan Sports Board observed the election meeting. Following were elected, President, Khalil Ahmed Khan, Vice Presidents, Syed Abid Ali, Shabeena Saeed and one representative of Wapda, Secretary, Waqar Ilyas Khan, Associate Secretary, Col retd G.M.Chengezi, Treasurer, Dr Shahzad Imran,Director referee, Kazim Ali, Director Sports, Tariq Ali, Ameer Mukhtar, Liaqat Ali. Members of the executive committee,Tehseen Ullah, Irfan Bhatti, Hafiza Neelum Ishaq and Hafiza Arooj Fatmia. He said the Army’s membership was cancelled by the house as it did not submit its affiliation fee for the last two year which was in violation of the PJJF constitution. “Army’s affiliation was suspended in the last meeting but they did not pay attention to resolve the issue which led to the cancellation of their membership,” he said. Besides deliberating other issues the house also approved the amendments in the constitution of PJJF.—APP

Transparency hall mark of Punjab govt’s performance SALIM AHMED LAHORE—Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that welfare and revolutionary programmes, like Laptops, Aashiyana Scheme, Daanish Schools, Self-Employment Scheme, Internship Programme, Green Tractor Scheme, Yellow Cab Scheme and Ujala programme, only come forth when the leadership is imbued with honesty, sincerity and spirit of service. He said Punjab government has expeditiously and transparently implemented development programmes, which is unprecedented in the 65 years’ history of the Pakistan. He said every programme of Punjab government speaks of transparency and merit, due to which Pakistan Muslim League-N has become the most popular party in the country, upon which the people of Pakistan will express their vigorous confidence in the forthcoming general elections. He said international institutions have also lauded good governance, transparency and

merit policies of Punjab government of Pakistan Muslim League-N. He said survey report, showing tremendous popularity of Pakistan Muslim League-N, throughout the country, by a renowned international institution, reflects the vigorous confidence of 18 crore people of Pakistan, on the performance of the government of Pakistan Muslim League-N. He was talking to Members Assembly belonging to different districts at Model Town. Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that, during the last five years, the Punjab government has implemented many welfare projects, which have provided relief to the people. He said, after the survey report by an international institution, those who were raising hollow slogans of popularity, stand exposed. He said the people would strongly reject those elements who indulged in worst corruption, loot and plunder, through the power of their votes. He said that Punjab government has promoted merit and transparency throughout the

province. He said, if even a single penny of corruption is proved against him, he would be accountable before the people. He said serving the people is his mission, and he would continue to perform it, even at the cost of his life. The Chief Minister said that he considers himself answerable before Allah Almighty and the court of the people. He said the youth are the future hope, as the country can achieve progress and prosperity only through education. He said promotion of education in Punjab had been made top priority and many revolutionary steps had been taken in the education sector by the Punjab government. He said that, for the first time in the history, Punjab Educational Endowment Fund was established four years ago, and an amount of Rs. One billion is being spent every year on the education of such male and female students whose parents are facing financial constraints. Now this fund has risen to 10 billion rupees. He said IT Labs were estab-

lished in 4300 high schools of the province, two years ago, at a cost of Rs. 5 billion and lakhs of brilliant students are benefiting from these labs all over Punjab. He said Daanish Schools have been established at par with prestigious educational institutions like Lahore Grammar, LUMS and NUST in the downtrodden areas which are helping in eliminating tendencies of extremism, besides initiating a new era of development in the backward areas. He said laptops distribution programme is based on 100 percent merit as he himself cannot give even a single laptop to anyone. He said that laptops are being distributed, regardless of cast, color and creed, purely on the basis of merit, in order to empower the youth. He said that our intentions are sincere and we are taking steps in the right direction. He said that Aashiyana Housing Scheme had been initiated for those families who are with less financial resources, to enable them to live a dignified life, under their own roof.

‘PPP, coalition parties planning to rig elections LAHORE—Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and its coalition parties are planning to rig the upcoming general elections (GE); therefore people should also struggle along with the Election Commission and other political parties for free and fair elections. Head of Tehreek-e-Tahaffuz Pakistan, Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan said this while taking to Dr Danish Baloch and other leaders of the party on telephone the other day. He said that corruption and wrong policies of politicians LAHORE: PML-N leader Mariam Nawaz Sharif holds talks with the representatives of hollowed the foundations of Pakistan. He also said that he has PML-N Women Wing Sargodha and Faisalabad Division. no desire for any authority and was fighting just for the nation. Dr AQ Khan said that situation in Pakistan was rapidly proceeding towards destruction but the rulers were not paying heed to it but concentrating on saving their rule. The PPP and its MUZAFFAR ALI held on January, 30 and 31. were weak and needed special allies have set new records of Prof. of gynecologist Prof. attention for their medical treat- looting.—INP L AHORE—Principal Ameer- Dr. Muhammad Aslam, Prof. ment. ud-Din Medical College (AMC) Shahina Asif, Prof. Farrukh Principal PGMI said the and Postgraduate Medical Insti- Zaman, Prof. Nuzhat Khawaja, medical professionals also tute (PGMI) Prof Dr Anjum Prof. Shamsa Humayun and Dr. needed to create awareness to Habib Vohra said in order to Mamuna Ashraf also delivered face and resolve issues during save woman from cancer during lectures on the subject of child- newborn’s upbringing. He pregnancy, provision of all fa- mother health. PGMI faculty stressed that doctors should cilities for mother and child members, gynecologists and motivate mothers to breastfeed health at Basic Health Units other doctors were present on their newborn children because (BHUs) would have to be fo- the occasion. it would save them from many cused. Prof. Dr. Anjum Habib diseases. Now, there is a need to ap- Vohra said it was highly necesHe stressed the training point gynecology and child sary to focus on mother and workshop participants to serve health specialists at village level child health to develop a healthy their hometowns after getting so that healthcare facilities pro- society. He said thousands of specialized education so that vided by the government can be women and hundreds and thou- women in rural and remote arused for the welfare of masses. sands newborn children were eas should not become prey to He was addressing the par- dying on annual basis owing to different deadly diseases beticipants of genecology training the non-availability of cause of untrained dais and workshop at Lahore General healthcare facilities. He said semi-literate dispensers. In this Hospital in connection with 2 women and children were very connection, he said, women day Scientific Symposium to be important part of the society but doctors could play a major role.

BHUs to be upgraded to save women from cancer: Dr Vohra


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