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NRO implementation case

SC rejects Swiss letter revised draft ISLAMABAD—Objecting to case against the Prime Minister creed that if the deadline were the blue-pencilling of certain mandatory parts of the draft letter to be sent to Swiss authorities, the Supreme Court (SC) has ordered the government to rewrite the text strictly in the light of its guidelines. A five-member bench headed by Justice Asif Khosa heard the contempt of court

Mengal appears before SC today ISLAMABAD—The three member bench of the Supreme Court consisting of Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry, Justice Jawad S.Khawaja and Justice Khilji Arif Hussain will resume the hearing of Balochistan law and order situation and missing persons case today (Thursday). Earlier the Apex Court held several sittings in Quetta in the case. The Court has summoned Sardar Akhtar Mengal in the case and was given guarantee for his security in Pakistan and for going back. To appear before the court, former Balochistan Chief Minister and leader of Balochistan National Party Sardar Akhtar Mengal reached Islamabad last night from Dubai after staying in Dubai for eight years. A large number of party

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GSP official gunned down in Quetta QUETTA—Deputy Director of Geological Survey of Pakistan (GSP) Muhammad Hassan Kazim was gunned down by unknown miscreants here on Wednesday. According to details, armed motorcyclists sprayed bullets at vehicle of Muhammad Hassan Kazim near GSP while he was on his way to office. As a result of firing Deputy Director GSP was killed on the spot. The assailants managed to escape from the scene after the incident. The body was shifted to Civil Hospital Quetta for medico legal requirements. Heavy contingent of law enforcement agencies cordoned off the areas after the murder and started search operation.—INP

NEW YORK: President Asif Ali Zardari, President Hamid Karzai and the British Prime Minister David Cameron shaking hands before trilateral meeting on Wednesday.

Raja regime swindles Rs2.5b diesel consumers’ relief OGRA opposes ECC decision ALI SYED ISLAMABAD—The shrewd economic managers of the cash starved Raja regime has not only the deprived diesel consumers from the relief of Rs0.05-0.12 per liter (Rs 2.5 billion per annum), but has started siphoning of the whole respite from the diesel consumers across the country after deregulating the high speed diesel under the ECC’s ‘tricky’ decision. The Oil and Gas Regulatory

Authority (OGRA) had severely opposed the unjustified decision of the economic wizards of the federal government in the ECC meeting, a senior official of the regulator told Pakistan Observer. According to the wellplaced official sources, the government has clandestinely started receiving the revenues of Re0.05-0.12 per liter from diesel consumers across the country which is factually the relief for the consumers. Under the garb of deregulation of

high speed diesel, the government will make Rs 2.5 billion per annum. The Economic Coordination Committee (ECC) on September 4 deregulated the high speed diesel and linked the locally produced diesel with the diesel imported by Pakistan State Oil. And this price mechanism of HSD was implemented from September 17. With the change in pricing formula, the price of diesel pro-

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EC registers seven new parties MQM takes back ultimatum on Overseas Pakistanis will not Zardari’s assurance

be able to vote in elections STAFF REPORTER

Election Commission can stop the results and restart pollI SLAMABAD —The Election ing if any women is barred to cast Commission of Pakistan has de- vote in this regard. cided that 4 million overseas Strict action will be Pakistani’s will not be able to taken against such violators. exercise their right to vote from It must be mentioned that the their country of residence. final approval of the bill will be The reasons behind the de- given by Parliament. cision have been described as leElection Commission of Pagal hurdles and the unavailabil- kistan has registered seven new ity of an adequate voting mecha- political parties. nism, for the 4 million overseas The decision was taken at a voters spread across 106 coun- meeting of the Commission held tries, to be able to cast their vote. here Wednesday under the chairIf they wish to exercise their right manship of Chief Election Comto vote, they will have to come missioner retired Justice to Pakistan to cast their ballot. Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim. It was also decided during The parties whose documents the meeting, that voting will take were found in conformity with place again, at polling stations the provisions of the Political reserved for women, where voter Parties Order, 2002 are Pakistan turn out is less than 10 percent. Continued on Page 7

NEWS DESK ISLAMABAD—On President Asif Ali Zardari’s assurance Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) on Wednesday took back

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Nation utterly disappointed with rulers: Nawaz LAHORE—The Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party (PkMAP) chief Mehmood Khan Achakzai and Swedish Ambassador to Pakistan Lars-Hjalmar Wide called on the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) president Nawaz Sharif here Wednesday. Continued on Page 7

Cabinet approves national climate change policy I SLAMABAD — The Federal Cabinet today approved the National Climate Change Policy framed under the guidelines of the UN Framework Convention to tackle the challenges posed by climate change. The meeting was held in Islamabad Wednesday with Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf in the chair. The policy is aimed at pursuing sustained economic growth by appropriately addressing the challenges of climate change; integrating cli-

not met this time it would push the proceedings of contempt case against Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf. Earlier during the hearing, Justice Khosa told Law Minister Farooq H Naek that the court had asked for the Swiss letter draft, submitted in the

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Zardari, Karzai, Cameron to work for regional peace

Govt firm on achieving energy security: PM SHARAFAT KAZMI

Raja Pervez Ashraf for nonimplementation of the highest court’s NRO verdict. The judges took a strong exception to the revised draft of the letter submitted in the court as it did not mention the reopening of alleged cases of corruptions against President Asif Ali Zardari. The Supreme Court de-

mate change policy with other in- cusing on pro-poor gender senterrelated national policies; fo- sitive adaptation while also promoting mitigation to the extent possible in a cost effective manner and to ensure water security, food security and energy security. It is also aimed at promoting conservation of natural resources and I S L A M A B A D — T h e long term sustainability. In his opening remarks, the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) on Wednesday Prime Minister said that in the boycotted the meeting of very first meeting of the Cabinet federal cabinet convened by that the Government is making Prime Minister Raja Pervez sincere efforts to enhance capacity of Power Generation Plants Ashraf. The MQM has given a to overcome energy crisis. He directed that in order to Continued on Page 7 discuss the overall energy situa-

MQM boycotts cabinet meeting

tion, a special Cabinet meeting should be held next week to suggest measures to reduce load shedding. In this meeting Ministers for Finance, Water and Power and Petroleum and Natural Resources will brief the Cabinet. The Prime Minister also stated that Pakistan was the first country to register protest at national level against sacrilegious movie. The Prime Minister added that he was upset to see some miscreants destroying and damaging public and private property on the day of Yum-e-

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Taliban remove Bilour from hit list

President stresses Afghan-owned peace process NEW YORK—The leadership

of Pakistan, Afghanistan and United Kingdom Wednesday reaffirmed their commitment to to work for the goals P ESHAWAR —The Pakistani continue of regional peace, stability and Taliban say they are granting an development and for the elimi“amnesty” to Kyber nation of the scourge of terrorism from the region. Continued on Page 7

During the 2nd round of Trilateral summit of Pakistan, Afghanistan and the UK held here on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly session, President Asif Ali Zardari, President Hamid Karzai and Prime Minister David Cameron discussed the pressing issues in the fight

against terrorism. President Zardari, while highlighting the importance of durable peace and stability in Afghanistan, underscored the need for an Afghan-led and Afghan-owned peace process in Afghanistan. He said that Paki-

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Strong reaction to world on blasphemous video: Ranjha

‘Zardari forcefully projected Pak in UNGA’ I SLAMABAD /P ESHAWA R — Special Assistant to the prime minister and PML-Q secretaryfinance Imtiaz Ranjha on Wednesday lauded the bold and strong message sent to the world community by President Asif Ali Zardari reflecting sentiments of the nation over the anti-Islam movie. Talking to the APP, Ranjha said that the president’s address to the UNGA would help the western nations understand the feelings of the Muslims over the sacrilegious video and the demand of bringing the culprits involved in production of the film to justice was a brave move. “The people on streets are happy that the President strongly condemned the acts of incitement of hate against the faith of billions of Muslims and Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and urged the international community to punish the elements involved in desecration on the basis of religion,” he said. He said that the international community now must not become silent spectators and should criminalize such acts that destroy the peace of the world and endangered world secu-

rity by misusing `freedom of expression’. Ranjha said it was heartening to note that the president urged the international community to join hands to end poverty, to ensure equal rights to all peoples, to protect the weak who pursue justice and fairness for all people to ensure peaceful settlement of international disputes. Ranjha said that the president also asked the world to give an end to the “do more” mantra against Pakistan visa-vis war against terror and rather told the world leaders how much Pakistan had paid for the war against terrorism during past ten years. He said the bold and frank speech by the president reflected that Pakistan wanted to cooperate with the world community for resolving all regional and global problems and rather it was leading the onslaught against extremists and terrorists. He hoped that the address by the president would help the world leaders understand how much democratic order had been strengthened in Pakistan and the democratic government was suc-

cessful in resolving major issues regionally and globally. Meanwhile Khyber Pakthunkhwa Senior Minister, Rahimadad Khan said on Wednesday that President Asif Ali Zardari address to the United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) has reflected the wishes and aspirations of billions of muslims and Pakistani nation and termed it historic in the prevailing situation. Paying rich tributes to President Asif Ali Zardari for his historic and foresighted address before the comity of nations in the UNGA, the Senior Minister told APP that the President has won the hearts and minds of people by strongly condemning the acts of incitement of hate against the faith of billions of muslims and Holy Prophet Muhammad (SWA) and urged the international community to punish the elements involved in desecration on the basis of religion. The President has asked the international community not to be become silent observers and should criminalize such acts that destroy world peace and endan-

gered world security by misusing ‘freedom of expression.” Rahimad Khan said the anger of Muslims against anti-Islam movie is very natural and the President has boldly conveyed their feelings and concerns to the world community. The Minister said the third world countries were confronted with problems of poverty, delay in justice and illiteracy that need to be tackled. He said the President has urged the international community to join hands to end poverty, ensure equal rights to all people, and protect the weak and vulnerable and pursue justice and fairness for all people to ensure peaceful settlement of international disputes. The President has called upon the United Nations and especially those nations represented at UN who are ac- QUETTA: FC personnel stand outside Geological Survey of Pakistan office after Deputy Director of Geological Survey tively engaged in the region, of Pakistan Muhammad Hassan Kazim was gunned down by some unknown armed persons near his office. for international collective action to combat the menace of drug trade. He said the President address was appreciated by all and sundry and a guideline for ensuring peace, stability and progress OUR CORRESPONDENT I SLAMABAD —The Federal of the world.—APP Flood Commission (FFC) on cloudy weather for the meM INGORA —The arrange- I SLAMABAD —Pakistan MeWednesday said that all main Department tropolis during the next 24 rivers Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, ments for holding the first na- teorological hours. The maximum temtional two days conference on (PMD) on Wednesday foreRavi and Sutlej were flowing Poverty Alleviation through cast mainly dry weather for perature is expected to re- normal. The reservoir elevaSustainable Management most parts of the country. main in the range of 32 to 34 tions indicates that Tarbela Biodiversity in Swat has been However isolated rain/thun- degrees centigrade, the Dam has already attained its completed wherein over 100 derstorm is expected at weather forecast said. Maximum Conservation Level It said mainly dry weather of 1550.00 feet since Septemprofessors, doctors, Scholars Malakand, Hazara Divisions, is likely to prevail elsewhere this month. However, not all are likely to participate. The pro- Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan ber 12, 2012, whereas Mangla of these may require food fessors from across the prov- during next 24 hours. Dam is at elevation of 1206.40 According to the synoptic assistance, he said. ince would present their papers feet, which is 35.60 feet below A Multi-sector Initial in the conference, said a situation, a shallow westerly its Maximum Conservation Rapid Assessment has been spokesman for the University wave is affecting northern parts Level of 1242.00 feet. carried out in the affected ar- of Swat here on Wednesday. of the country and likely to perThe combined live storage eas and the results, expected The conference would sist for next 24 hours. The rainposition of Tarbela, Chashma shortly, will give a clearer in- begin on September 29, 2012 fall recorded during last 24 and Mangla reservoirs is 11.556 dication of the needs of those while the concluding session hours was Dir 14mm, Pattan 9, MAF as compared to last affected, he added. Many of would be held on September, Cherat 5, Muzaffarabad 4, year’s 11.959 MAF. According in the region. The local Met the districts affected, par- 30. The management of the Kamra 4, Kalam 2, Kohat 2, to Flood Forecasting Division ticularly in Sindh and Swat University has formed Malamjaba 2, Parachinar 2, office has forecast dry (FFD), Lahore, yesterday’s Balochistan, were already various committees to ensure Peshawar City 2, Kalam 2, Kakul weather for city and its sub- trough of Westerly Wave lies struggling to recover from the successful sailing of the 1, Peshawar A/P 1mm and urbs during the next 24 hours. over Western Afghanistan now floods of 2010 and 2011, with event. Vice chancellor Swat traces in Drosh, Gilgit, Hunza, The maximum and minimum lies over Northern parts of the temperature was recorded as country. Weak Seasonal Low communities particularly vul- University Dr. Muhammad Murree and Risalpur. The Met Office on 35.5 and 22.7 degree centi- lies nerable to the effects of this Jehanzeb Khan said the conover Northeastern latest shock.—APP ference would first of its kind. Wednesday forecast a partly grade respectively.—APP Balochistan—APP

WFP deploys 16 motorboats to reach worst flood-hit communities in Sindh I SLAMABAD —World Food up operations to reach the urgent donations of US$ 15 Programme (WFP) has deployed 16 motorboats to reach some of the worst affected communities in flood hit areas of Sindh province. The basic objective of arranging motorboats is to facilitate all affectees as in some areas road access is limited due to flood waters, Coordinator of WFP, Amjad Jamal said here on Wednesday. He said the WFP has begun food distributions to tens of thousands of people affected by monsoon floods in Sindh with plans to gear

most severely affected areas of Balochistan. Amjad said one-month food ration is being distributed to some 10,000 families in Jacobabad district of Sindh, where some areas are under 2.5 metres (8 feet) of water, drawing upon limited available stocks of food. He said WFP also plans to reach a further 10,000 families in Balochistan later this week. He said any assistance beyond the first phase will require additional funding from donors and WFP is seeking

million. The Coordinator said WFP food basket consists of dietary staples of fortified wheat flour, pulses, vegetable oil and iodized salt as well as High Energy Biscuits and specialized ready-to-use supplementary food for small children. He said National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has estimated that up to 4.5 million people have been affected by severe flooding in Sindh, Balochistan and Punjab, following heavy rains earlier

1st poverty reduction moot

Rain, thunderstorm likely at Malakand

Major rivers flow normal


Strategy to counter calamity Staff Reporter

ISLAMABAD—Federal Minister for National Regulations and Services Dr Firdous Ashiq Awan has called for a well devised strategy to counter the calamity caused by the disastrous rains in the country and termed the provision of medicines at flood hit areas as main challenge for the government to save lives of people. Talking to media men here today the minister, who recently visited flood hit areas, said provinces of Sindh and Balochistan were affected worst as few areas received around 500 mm rain which is a record in the history of the country. She said it is not possible for the government to handle the disaster alone and asked the civil society and other organizations to come forward and devise a plan for providing relief to the victims. She said it is third flood in the country but the disaster was beyond the expectations as there is no adequate equipment available to forecast intensity of rain well before time. Dr. Firdous said that Prime Minister has assigned the duty of monitoring medical assistance to flood hit areas to the Ministry of Regulations and Services and they had had met with all the stakeholders and allies to prepare a plan.

Sindh-wide wheel jam against Local Govt Ordinance NAZIR SIYAL L ARKANA /J AMSHORO —A province wide wheel-jam strike was observed against the SPLGO on call of Save Sindh Committee (Sindh Bachayo Committee) by the Nationalists and political parties here on Wednesday. Nationalists and political party’s workers blocked National Highway from Hyderabad via Sukkur and Indus Highway from Jamshoro tool-plaza via Dadu-Larkana and Jacobabad-Kashmore across Sindh since the morning. A long queue of vehicles and passenger coach’s as well

private buses and van was witnessed at various locations in Sindh. The traffic was suspended from Sindh and simultaneously Punjab, Balochistan entering into Sindh province on the occasion. The political parties including Pakistan Muslim League (N) and PML-F, Jamiat Ulma-e-Islam (JUI) along with Nationalists parties including Sindh United Party (SUP), Jeay Sindh Qaumi Mahaz (JSQM), Jeay Sindh Mutahida Mahaz (JSMM), SUP, SNP, Awami Tehreek (AT), Sindh Taraqi Passand Party (STPP) and others protested against the

Sindh Peoples Local Government Ordinance (SPLGO). The workers in Hyderabad, Sukkur, Larkana, Shikarpur, Jacobabad, KamberShahdadkot, Dadu, Mehar, K. N Shah, Ratodero, Sijawal, Naushehro Feroz, Khairpur, Sukkur, Ghotki, Moro, Naushehroferoze, Kandhkot, Kashmore, Sakrand, Kandiaro, Mirokhan, Naudero, Qubo Saeed Khan and other parts of Sindh took out rallies and chanted slogans against the government and condemned the ruling PPP and MQM for Sindh Peoples Local Government Ordinance (SPLGO) a dual system in Sindh.

In Larkana, various groups of Jeay Sindh and political parties among PMLN, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf, SUP and others led their protests and staged sit-in and blocked Indus Highway at Radio Pakistan Waggon road Larkana, resulted a heavy traffic jam from Hyderabad via Dadu and to the Jacobabad and Kashmore to the Punjab and Balochistan provinces. In Jamshoro and Hyderabad from both sides of Indus River National Highway and Indus Highway was blocked by a large number of Nationalist party leaders.

Lauds President Staff Reporter Minister for Finance, Engr. Muhammad Humayun Khan has lauded the address of President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari to UN General Assembly who strongly criticized the blasphemous film and incitement of hate against the Muslim Ummah and termed the address an historic one in which the UN was asked not to remain a silent spectator on such a provocation to hit the faith and sentiments of the Muslims world-over. In a statement issued here Wednesday, Engr. Humayun Khan said that the President has not only forcefully advocated the sentiments of Muslim population of Pakistan but of the whole world at such a high forum, for which he congratulated the President. He added that the President also reminded the sacrifices of Pakistani nation against the war on terror during which more than 42 thousand soldiers, police and civilians have been lost, adding that the social life in Pakistan has been paralyzed and economy destroyed by the terrorists and extremists. The Provincial Finance Minister said the President also asked to stop this refrain to do more as Pakistan has suffered a lot in this war against terrorism.

were murdered in different incidents over domestic issues in suburb of city during last 24 hours. According to police, Khalil Ahmed of Chak NO 62-RB was quarreled with his wife Naheed Bibi (30) over domestic issues. On Tuesday night, both exchanged hot words upon which Khalil axed to death his wife. Balochni police have shifted body to hospital for autopsy

STAFF REPORTER P ESHAWA R —The Khyber

F AISALABAD —Prime Minister has approved a new grid station for Jaranwala HYDERABAD: Activists of Sindh Bachayo Committee set on fire the tyres during a sit-in against Local Bodies in 570-GB. It would be completed with Ordinance 2012 Sindh at Bypass. an estimated cost of Rs.400 million and funds for this project would be released very soon. This was stated by MNA Nawab Sher Waseer Chairman Prime OUR CORRESPONDENT Minister Inspection Commission while talking to media persons after inauguW AH C ANTT —Saddar porating Waseer Industrial Feeder in 132lice held five fake police cops, KV Jaranwala grid station here Tueswho were involved in robing day. This feeder was completed with an estimated cost of word meaning highest point under a Rs 90 million segment here at Faisal Iqbal colony. M ULTAN —Hundreds of Rs.6.9 million and would help in reducing load shedding in this area. He said that Tehsil Jaranwala has only one 132- labourers carrying tools were of city), besides green sur- of the plan. It would also Police sources said, on a tip KV grid station which has long lines which creates volt- busy in excavating land and roundings at different levels have a five star restaurant, he off, a police party raided in age problems particularly for farmers and domestic con- filling ditches to level the that give the look of step gar- added. He added another Rs Faisal Iqbal colony and ar75 million were being spent rested five persons identified sumers of far flung areas. He said that new grid station grounds at the step gardens dens. Former PPP MPA who is on restoring the green land as Atif Hussain, Adil would also resolve this issue. He said that democratic gov- of Qasim Fort to revive its ernment of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) is making strenu- greener look as part of a mega supervising and monitoring scape inside Qasim fort. Sap- Hussain, Sadaqat Hussain, ous efforts to bridge the gap between demand and supply project for beautification of the projects under PM’s lings would be planted and Mohammad Usman and of electricity in Pakistan. On the occasion, Chief Executive city’s highest and historical South Punjab Development grass would be grown to Ahmed Usman wearing police uniform fleecing people Officer FESCO Engineer Iftikhar Ahmad told that indus- mound. Qasim fort can safely Package, said that a sum of beautify the place. Another Rs 90 million posing themselves as cops. trial Waseer feeder has 5.116 kilometer long lines. This be dubbed as a historical site around Rs 400 million had Police also recovered new feeder will give relief to the overloaded 11-KV Burala, for it supports the centuries been released for the beauti- would be spent on restoraBucheki and Theraj Shaheed feeders. He said that this old mausoleum of Hazrat fication plan of Qasim Bagh. tion of Qasim fort’s fortifica- three pistols and one dragZakariya He said Damdama was being tion wall and paper work has ger from their possession. It feeder will also ensure uninterrupted electricity to the in- Bahauddin dustry while new industrial and agriculture connections Multani, Hazrat Shah Rukn- reconstructed after demoli- begun for the purpose, he is pertinent to mention here that three arrested accused. e-Alam, Damdama ( A persian tion of historical structure added. —APP could also be issued.

Restoration of green Qasim Fort landscape begins

Nisar Khuhro was different from other VIPs dinner was sumptuous and in enormous quantity. Prominent among present were the German Consul General Dr Tilo Klinner and his Russian wife, the acting consul general of Japan Masashi Abe, Korean Consul General, Indoesian consul general Rossali, the French consul general, former governor Mamnoon Hussian, ex-senator Khawaja Qutbuddin, former federal minister Haleem Siddiqi, now running a roaring business at ports in Karachi. With merchant

5 fake cops held

Pakhtunkhwa Health Department has clarified a news item appeared in a prominent English daily regarding polio eradication program the other day and termed it baseless and concocted. According to Spokesman of the Health Department here, Polio Eradication has been declared national emergency by the Government of Pakistan and Augmented National Emergency Action Plan (A NEAP) has been devised to cope with this menace. The Governments of Pakistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are fully committed to the eradication of polio from the country and province, he said. The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has in recent months allocated Rs. 35.15 million for strengthening of the Union Council Polio Eradication Committees. The

Government is also in the process of approval of Rs.304 million to complement polio eradication activities in the Province in the year 2013, he added. The Chief Minister, Chief Secretary and the Secretary Health KP have chaired several meetings on polio in recent days. The Chief Minister KP, in a meeting with WHO officials from Geneva last week, has urged for more support and more polio campaigns in the province. Several polio campaigns are in the pipeline during the course of next few days across the Province before the National Immunization Days in October. The Spokesman said district Polio Control Rooms have been established in each district and the Provincial Government is in close contact with the District Governments in the Province over the polio eradication initiative.

IMO: One hundred years after the titanic

Saudi Arabian National Day

A

and arrested the accused. In another incident, a woman Salma Bibi was strangled by her brother Zeeshan over suspicion of illicit relations at Chak No 119 Rasoolpur in the jurisdiction of Chak Jhumra police. The victim was the mother of three children. Police have shifted the body to hospital and registered a case. Meanwhile A proclaimed offender (PO) was killed while his accomplice managed to escape from the scene after an encounter with CIA Factory Area police in the area of Mansoorabad police station.

KP Health Department clarifies news report

Our Correspondent

the national day of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia at a local hotel Monday night, the Sindh ass e m b l y speaker N i s a r K h u h r o looked distinctly different from others. While the Governor, the Chief Minister, ministers and others went straight to the VIP stage and even dined in a different room, Nisar, proved beyond any shadow of doubt that he hated VIP culture, and remained with the guests in the main hall of the hotel where this function was arranged. He mixed with people, friends, admirers and even those who loved to have a photo session with him. It was only during the official ceremonies, which comprised of playing of national anthem of Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, and the cake cutting by the consul general Falah Mohammad Al-Rohaili that he joined in pursuance of his protocol duties with the other VIPS. But then again when governor Dr Ishratul Ebad Khan, chief minister Qaim Ali Shah, Minister Rauf Siddiqi and others were escorted to a separate room, Nisar remained for quite sometime with his friends, and walked to the separate room for VIP dinner, after being repeatedly requested by the hosts. The function was a memorable evening. Mr

needed items from the local market for providing immediate relief to the flood victims and had so far distributed 16 500 food baskets and 700 tents. The team is operating in close coordination with the UAE Embassy here and the local authorities, said a press release of the embassy on Wednesday. UAE ambassador to Islamabad Essa Abdullah Abdullah Al Basha Al Noaimi said that the humanitarian assistance had been initiated by the UAE leadership to help Pakistan meet an emergency situation caused by flashflood. —APP

Two women murdered in separate incidents F AISALABAD —Two women

New grid station approved

Rohaili,, a soft spoken, with a delightful smile playing always on his lips, along with a number of senior officers of his consulate, greeted the guests with enormous respect, irrespective of their status, or the apparel, they were dressed in. For him, each one was a VIP, although they represented different classes, categories, religious leaders, diplomats, journalists, photographers, TV crew, each of them were well looked after. Normally, diplomatic par-

ISLAMABAD—Khalifa Foundation from the United Arab Emirates on Wednesday started relief operation in flood-hit areas by distributing food and tents to the affected families in different districts of Southern Punjab. The team which flew in here a few days back, soon after its arrival inspected the worst flood –hit areas in Rahim Yar Khan, Rajnbur ,Dera Ghazi Khan and Rojhan to know the extent of damage and requirements of the people. The team which came here on the directive of UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan purchased the

OUR CORRESPONDENT

PESHAWAR—The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

SALAHUDDIN HAIDER

Khalifa Foundation team starts relief operation in flood-hit areas

port of container services in Pakistan. That has tremendously helped the country’s trade, because of lack of this facility for a long time, diverted container ships to Dubai or Colombo, and Pakistan was deprived of enormous amount of foreign exchange. Haleem Siddiqi’s contribution is immense. Saudi Arabia being a sharia following country there were obviously after ladies guests. It was mainly male presence. But that is normal with Saudi

KARACHI: Saudi Consul General Falah Mohammad Al-Rohaili hosted a reception on the occasion of National Day of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia here on Monday. Picture shows host (C) at the cake-cutting ceremony with (L-R) Speaker Sindh Assembly Nisar Ahmed Khuhro, Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah, Governor Ishratul-Ebad Khan & CG UAE Suhail Bin Matar Al Ketbi.—PO Photo Javed Iqbal ties in Karachi, have spe- shipping background, he es- diplomats, and even ladies cially listed guests, but Sau- tablished his own firm of ste- and gentlemen were segredis, being the centre of Islam, vedoring, but now he has a gated in different rooms at never really believed in any multi million dollar project of such functions, held by the kind of discrimination. The latest gangtries to allow im- Saudi diplomatic missions.

T

HE International Mari time Organization (IMO) has since long explicitly recognized shipping to be “ perhaps the most international of all the world’s great industries and one of the most dangerous”. Ever since the advent of steamships around the middle of the nineteenth century, safety at sea has always been a prime concern. It is no wonder then that the IMO has decided to highlight this aspect during the World Maritime Day celebrations of 2012. The WMD 2012 theme is aptly titled “IMO: One Hundred Years after the Titanic”, in honour of the greatest peacetime disaster the world has ever witnessed at sea, which had resulted in the loss of over 1500 lives within a few hours on 14 April 1912. The World Maritime Day is not a recent phenomenon. It is being celebrated every year since 1978, the first time being on 17 March to mark the date of the IMO Convention’s entry into force in 1958. The IMOs membership has since steadily grown from 21 to 167 today, which includes virtually all the nations of the world with an interest in maritime affairs. May I add by way of introduction that the International Maritime Organization is a specialized agency of the UN which has been responsible for spearheading all major maritime legislation in the technical, training, environmental, safety and security fields. It is indeed no stranger to all those associated with the maritime sphere. As elaborated by the Secretary General IMO Mr Koji Sekimizu in his message on

the occasion, IMOs main task since it’s inception “ has been to develop and maintain a comprehensive regulatory framework for international shipping”. Anyway, the World Maritime Day is being celebrated this year on 27 September by the IMO, which has left it open to it’s individual member nations to do so on any day during the last week of September. The IMO will itself celebrate this day by hosting a traditional reception in it’s London Headquarters and by sponsoring a parallel event in Bahrain, a small member state which has been so honoured owing to it’s robust seafaring traditions and strong maritime credentials and follows on from the week-long national celebration of the WMD so successfully undertaken during the Bahrain Maritime Festival. The theme chosen each year reflects an area of maritime importance. Last year it was Piracy: Orchestrating the Response”, highlighting a global phenomenon that had cost many lives and placed many ships at risk. The year before that it was 2010: Year of the Seafarer, a fitting tribute to the world’s 1.5 million seafarers for their unique and perhaps largely unnoticed services for the benefit of the 6.5 billion individuals inhabiting this world. This year, it’s the long overdue safety-related issues stemming from the Titanic disaster, which was a monumental one by any standard Without commenting on the inevitability or otherwise of the disaster resulting from the SS Titanic’s collision with an iceberg during it’s maiden voyage across the Atlantic, it

can safely be said that the many lives lost had been sacrificed on the altar of human greed. By labeling the ship as unsinkable, the owners recklessly jeopardized it’s passenger’s safety by substantially reducing the number of lifeboats on board in order to increase it’s passenger-carrying and hence it’s revenue-generating capacity. As the Secretary General IMO again noted in his message, “ Many ships have sunk- too many - but few have had the lasting impact of the seemingly invulnerable Titanic”. This tragedy however generated a flurry of activity that culminated in the adoption, two years later, of the first International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (the SOLAS Convention). Incidentally, The International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS), on minimum security arrangements for ships, ports and government agencies, also happens to be a post9/11 amendment to the SOLAS Convention. The SOLAS Convention has since 1914 been superseded a number of times, the last time being in 1974, which though updated many times, is still in force today. While it is true that all steamship-plying countries had been worried about collisions and shipwrecks long before the Titanic disaster, the event did however hasten the development of an international consensus in the matter. Great Britain, which at the time was universally acknowledged as a colossus of the seas, led the way in unilateral rule-making. It’s signalling rules won worldwide appreciation from seamen because of their simplicity and effectiveness. France was the first to follow suit, with the two

countries signing numerous other agreements over the course of the next thirty years, covering areas like rules on maritime signals using flags, setting standards for navigation in fog, devising joint rules for routes at sea, lighting of fishing boats and special signals for telegraph cable-laying ships. As far as multi-lateral conventions are concerned, the first rules for preventing collisions at sea were agreed upon at an international convention on 1 Sep 1880, followed by a convention on health and safety for steam packet navigation less than an year later. The first rules on wireless telegraphy emerged out of the Berlin Convention of 3 Nov 1906. A major breakthrough occurred in 1972 when all the regulations for preventing collisions at sea were rationalized and consolidated in a single document known to all seafarers as ‘The Rules of the Road’, which is still being followed rigorously by all sea-going ships. While such regulations did lessen the probability of collisions, they couldn’t be eliminated altogether for the simple reason that a host of other factors like bad seamanship skills, watch-keeper fatigue and high stress levels are also at play. Ship groundings are another major danger area. Resort to modern technology like GPS and up-todate electronic charts help to curb suchlike accidents. Fire incidents on board, either through internal or external causes, also need to be guarded against through appropriate preventive measures and fire-fighting equipment and techniques.


UN echoes with concern over anti-Islam film

MEDIA WATCH

Obama’s defence of free speech

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N his address to the 67th session of the UN General Assembly, President Asif Ali Zardari raised a number of issues of interest to Pakistan including call to the international community to understand concerns of the country over provocative drone attacks and an end to the mantra of ‘do more’ in relation to the on-going war on terror. However, the main focus of the President was understandably the anti-Islam film that not only triggered violent reaction in Pakistan but the world over. He rightly emphasized the need to immediately address the alarming situation created by this blasphemous film, produced in the United States, so as to bridge the widening rift to enable the comity of nations to be one again. The offending video has badly damaged efforts that were being made by different Islamic countries to promote inter-faith harmony and raised the spectre of clash of civilizations with serious consequences for global peace and harmony. Apart from the President, who highlighted the issue and the need to tackle it urgently, President Obama also asked the humanity to reject the hate video that sparked outrage throughout the Muslim world but added that nothing justified the ‘death and destruction’ as witnessed in different countries. Several other leaders at the UN also addressed the issue of inflammatory film that mocks the Holy Prophet (PBUH). The UN is primarily for peace in the world and as the peace is gravely threatened by this lunatic action of some American individuals, it is but duty of the world body to tackle it seriously. But we would point out that mere raising of the issue and condemnation of both the film and the violent reaction would not do. Such things have been happening in the past and in the absence of any global law there is no guarantee that these would not recur. Therefore, the UN should require of the member states to come out with strong legislation that prohibits indulgence in such hated and nefarious actions in future. The UN and the world community is already seized with the issue of extremism and terrorism and we firmly believe this is also manifestation of extremism and terrorism and therefore, deserves to be addressed with same urgency as well because of its inherent threats to world peace.

Expansion of the Prophet’s Mosque C

USTODIAN of the two Holy Mosques King Abdullah laid the foundation stone for the largest expansion of the Prophet’s Mosque in Madina Munawara that will increase the capacity to more than two million worshippers. The King, who has been very keen in providing maximum facilities to the guests of Allah Almighty, ordered that work on the expansion project must be completed in less than two years. The Mosque building will cover an area of 614,800 square meters while the combined space of the Mosque and plazas will be 1,020, 500 square meters following the new expansion, the largest in history. The mosque will accommodate one million worshippers inside and 800,000 worshippers in the plaza. Once completed the mosque will have two big minarets besides smaller ones. The Central Zone surrounding the mosque will triple in size. The buildings surrounding the plazas will be built matching the urban development and in line with the rich Islamic cultural history of Madina. Massive development projects are undertaken in Makkah and Madina to facilitate the pilgrims coming from every nook and corner of the world and Khadim-e-Harmain Sharifain takes personal interest to ensure that the guests of God get maximum comfort during the performance of Hajj. Every year over four million Muslims perform Hajj, the world’s largest gathering and credit goes to the visionary leadership of King Abdullah and the Royal family that pilgrims never feel any problem while performing their religious rituals and there is never shortage of anything from food items to transport and residential accommodation. The services for Islam by the King and the Royal family are highly appreciated by the pilgrims visiting the Holy sites during Hajj and Umrah and they pray for the long life of the King, prosperity of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and its people.

Racists resurface in UK A

S demonstrations against the anti-Islam film are continuing across the globe, there are growing number of racial attacks against Muslims in different parts of the Europe. A Pakistani van driver died after he was stabbed in the neck in racist attack in North Yorkshire area of the United Kingdom. A few days back two Pakistanis were also stabbed in the racially motivated attacks in Greece while a third one escaped. The phenomenon of racism is nothing new to the Europe or the United States as blacks have been under constant attacks not just for decades but centuries at the hands of majority whites but of late it has assumed anti-Islam dimension as Muslims are frequently attacked in such incidents. The only plausible reason for this unfortunate trend is the official patronage of the campaign against Islam and its followers. Some European countries, led by the United States, are targeting Muslims and their religion in every conceivable manner from aggression in the shape of wars to cultural and psychological propaganda. Discrimination against Muslims is visible everywhere – during security checks at the airports, in shopping centres, in educational institutions, in buses, trains and at eateries. Countries like France are even not allowing Muslim women to wear Hijab, which is a religious necessity. Quite recently, the French Government, which also claims to be one of the champions of democracy and freedom of expression, introduced complete ban on demonstrations by Muslims against the blasphemous film despite the fact that these were well within the limits of decency and law. As for UK, it has introduced discriminatory visa rules for Muslims especially students coming from Islamic countries. Increase in racial attacks against Muslims is a clear manifestation of the fact that the world is moving in the wrong direction and sanity demands checking this trend by way of removal of discriminatory approaches, education and promoting awareness.

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New roadmaps for old! eye. Another report disclosed that the United States had for the first time taken Pakistan into confidence about its diaKhalid Saleem clandestine logue with the Email: binwakeel@yahoo.com Taliban. Apparently the United States took a belated decision to go public on its changing stance vis-à-vis the ust prior to the advent of the Taliban. The United Nations SecuUnited Nations General Assem rity Council decision aforemenbly session, Our Foreign Min- tioned also pointed towards this. The ister is reported, datelined Wash- question that presents itself is: where ington, to have averred that The US does this volta face leave entities like and Pakistan had agreed “to pur- Pakistan that have hitched their wagsue a roadmap of cooperation” in ons to the WOT for better or for an effort to “reinvigorate bilateral worse? Meanwhile, it may be pertiwork in key areas of interest”. This nent to mention that the United Nais all to the good. The new roadmap tions showed signs of becoming notwithstanding, the old question more and more responsive to the deremains: where does our belea- mands of the power(s)-that-be in the guered homeland go from here, if US’ War on Terror. What the US anywhere? (Remember the old wants, the UN appears to do! Conman in the tale offering ‘new lamps nection between this phenomenon for old’?) and the vote in the UN General AsA bit of retrospection never sembly to re-elect the Secretary Gendoes any one any harm. Last year eral for another term may have been an important development came a tad more than coincidental. from the United Nations in New The aforementioned developYork, wherein it was reported that ments represent something heavier the UN Security Council had ‘split’ than straws in the wind. One can only the international sanctions regime express the trust that our mandarins for the Taliban from that of Al- in the Foreign Office – and whoever Qaeda ostensibly ‘to encourage the else has a hand in fashioning what Taliban to join reconciliation efforts passes for our foreign policy - are in Afghanistan’. Reportedly the aware of the sudden change in wind powers that be wanted to highlight direction and the ominous clouds the ‘divide’ between Al-Qaeda’s looming over the international horiglobal ‘jihadist’ agenda and the zon. It may be recalled that the WOT Taliban’s focus on Afghanistan. The was launched a decade ago with the action by the UN Security Council express objective of eliminating the connotes much more than meets the entity named Al-Qaeda and, as a cor-

Friendly Fire

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ollary, to punish the Taliban for having provided the latter with refuge and succour. The goal posts were subsequently moved to equate the Taliban with Al-Qaeda. This may have been necessitated by the ‘desire’ to install the less than popular ‘Northern Alliance’ regime in control of Kabul. The resistance to this foreign-imposed regime turned out to be more intense than anticipated. Hence the decision to go after the Taliban in a big way! To the task was added the ‘elimination’ of the remnants of the Taliban resistance crossing over into Pakistan for sanctuary. The United States consequently opted to ‘outsource’ the daunting task to Pakistan and its armed forces. The Pakistan leadership appears to have grasped the assignment as a golden opportunity to curry favour with the American Administration. This epoch marked the beginning of the insurgency in Pakistan and the indigenous terrorist threat that continues to this day. Since then, this tormented country has had to face a virtual war situation on its frontier, retaliatory terror attacks and suicide bombings within its cities, not to talk of the horrid drone attacks that kill more civilians than so-called militants and all in defense of a cause that is not and was never its own. The country has lost thousands of its gallant soldiers as well as countless innocent civilians conveniently bunched together as ‘colateral damage’. All to what end? There are people who sincerely believe that our people sacrificed their lives in order to protect the soldiers of the NATO allies in Afghanistan from harm. And what about the innocent men, women and children who were cut down in the process? These are some of the factors that will

come back to haunt the nation in the years to come. Those who have been asserting from the housetops that the WOT is ‘our war’ had better be prepared for the day when the originators of this war will effortlessly extricate themselves from the maze, leaving Pakistan high and dry, holding the WOT baby. If history is any guide, there are several instances of big powers extricating themselves from sticky situations leaving their weaker allies to fend for themselves. Cambodia’s sorry state after the end of the Vietnam War is a case in point. We now find ourselves at a fork in the road. The choice is ours. A wrong choice can lead us to a dead end with its myriad deadly ramifications. Sooner or later, the United States and NATO are bound to reach an understanding with the Afghan resistance. The priority of the former will be to safeguard their economic and security interests and then withdraw the bulk of their combat forces. We need to act before that stage is reached. The present may well be the opportune time for our leadership to take a firm decision on when to say ‘enough is enough’, on when to cut our losses and lead the country onto the path of national conciliation and pacification. The ship of the state, regrettably, is fast approaching choppy and uncharted waters. The need is for all good men to come to the aid of the party. What is needed above all is national unity. And what are all men of substance in this blessed land engaged in? They are busy playing ducks and drakes with the destiny of the state. It is not too late for the people who matter to rise to the occasion and make amends.

NGOs role in engaging non-state armed groups M Nawaz Khan, Benish Altaf

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eeply entangled in civil so ciety, NGOs may play a non-traditional role in Afghanistan in helping pacific engagement of NSAGs and extending nation-building beyond government institutions to include a more robust engagement of marginalized civil society and conflicting militant factions, in addition to building a more diversified economy in post-9/11 paradigm. Dealing with the Afghan combatants has presented the aid community and NGOs with the challenge of engaging with the unlikeminded, who follow violent policies relating to terrorism, human rights, gender, international humanitarian law, drugs pursuit of a military solution etc. In Afghanistan, on the one hand, peace- and state-building activities have to be implemented against the vested interests of NSAGs in order to achieve positive results in the long-run. On the other hand, progress regarding a secure environment is often only possible if at least the most powerful of these actors can be involved in a political process, which grants them some kind of political influence or economic and financial privileges. With limited impacts in dealing with the Afghan NSAGs, various instruments have been used by donor governments, now it is indispensable to promote NGOs broadly-scoped endeavors towards Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) programs. While delivering aid and humanitarian relief to populations,

NGOs need to enter into dialogue with an armed group, thereby attempting to influence and change their coercive as well as terrorist behavior. For example, under an inclusive approach, in March 2000, the Swiss NGO Geneva Call (GC) got signed its pioneering initiative, called the Deed of Commitment (DoC) for Adherence to a Total Ban on Anti-Personnel Mines and for Co-operation in Mine Action. Geneva Call engages armed groups to persuade them to sign the DoC, which is essentially a public promise by the group in question that it will either stop or refrain from using landmines, and collaborate in different forms of mine removal activities. Though the DoC instrument is exclusive to Geneva Call, a similar NGO-sponsored widerranged tool can be devised for other issues concerning conflict-management in Afghanistan, such as to provide for a more systematic, conflictsensitive, context-specific and pragmatic engagement with NSAGs until they are effectively demobilized, disarmed, and reintegrated into normal society by implementing large relief projects. In engaging NSAGs there is a need to explore and determine the available modalities, approaches, parameters and scope of responsible engagement with NSAGs. There are multi-purpose soft instruments and measures for directly engaging NSAGs by dialogue, persuasion, direct contact, negotiation, capacitybuilding and education through mutually reinforced efforts of indigenous and international NGOs. NGOs are not bound by the same political restrictions as states, thus may employ dialogue and persuasion to engage armed groups. The multiplicity of interveners in the Afghan armed conflict requires

greater cooperation between the state and NGOs in the face of sensitivities of engagement processes, strictly ensuring that confidentiality does not result in contradictory efforts to engage with armed groups. Unlike official development actors, local and international NGOs have far more latitude and ample room for maneuver in developing forms of engagement with NSAGs. NGOs clearly have pragmatic options for reaching target groups with NSAGs involvement. In Afghanistan, the weak civil society, politically divided landscape, informal economic and justice systems are promoting strong opium trade and protecting terrorist networks. To truly pursue conflict-management and nation-building, Afghanistan needs engaging NSAGs by NGOs, to restructure the Afghan institutional outfits, social fabric and stabilize its four pillars of nationbuilding: promoting security, reforming judicial system, overhauling the poppy-nurtured economy, and forming democratic governance and institutions with citizen participation. International community should cautiously continue to support and aid NGOs as part of the long-term conflict-management and nation-building effort in Afghanistan. A blend of indigenous and international NGOs can best achieve conflict-management and peacebuilding goals in Afghanistan. Local NGOs are able to better identify specific community needs and communicate with local groups to restrict their recruitment by combatants. Credibly reputed big international NGOs may pour in massive resources for undertaking major tasks of negotiation, coordination, poverty eradication, and related duties.A precondition for stra-

tegic engagement with NSAGs until they are effectively demobilized is a more frank dialogue between affected parties, including affected states. Leaders of armed groups should be geared toward crisis-management and peacebuilding by making them more sensitive to IHL and human rights through broader sensitization programmes. Various external actors, in particular UN agencies, international civil society organizations (CSOs) and NGOs, have long been conducting such programmes, often in the form of information dissemination and educational campaigns. NGO-run engagement of the Afghan NSAGs may facilitate networking and training of peace activists, for rendering a forum where peace practitioners could share experiences on addressing armed groups in the context of post-conflict peacebuilding. The involvement of local communities is a key priority within the peace-building agenda. For initiating peace processes in Afghanistan, the cardinal principle is to capitalize on local leadership capacity in coordination with international ones for converting warlords into peace-lords. If peace is going to last, there is a clear need to talk to the bad guys or spoilers, who mainly cause and trigger violent conflicts, besides making it increasingly difficult to end wars and restore peace and stability. Giving more attention to transition after conflict necessarily involves engaging all armed constituencies, and may be seen as an incentive for indigenous Afghan leaders and community tiers to promote good behavior. —The writers work for Islamabad Policy Research Institute.

hen anti-American dem onstrations spread around the world this month, the Obama administration focused much of its public response on denouncing the anti-Muslim video that had provoked outrage and provided a pretext for extremists. President Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton rightly distanced the U.S. government from the video and stressed the American system of religious tolerance; more disturbingly, the White House asked Google to consider removing the offending video from its YouTube Web site. So it was heartening Tuesday to hear Mr. Obama, in his address to the UN General Assembly, deliver a vigorous defence of freedom of speech, including the right of individuals to “blasphemy against our most sacred beliefs.” “Americans have fought and died around the globe to protect the right of all people to express their views — even views that we disagree with,” the president said. Without such freedom, he said, individuals might be stopped from practicing their own faith; “efforts to restrict speech can become a tool to silence critics or oppress minorities.” He concluded: “Given the power of faith in our lives and the passion that religious differences can inflame, the strongest weapon against hateful speech is not repression, it is more speech.” Mr. Obama went on to denounce violence as a response to speech, and to insist that other leaders speak out against extremism — including “those who — even when not resorting to violence — use hatred of America, or the West, or Israel as a central principle of politics.” The anti-Muslim video — a vile but obscure piece of Internet flotsam — was seized on by militants in Egypt and Libya as a means for rallying support in Cairo and as a cover for staging an armed assault on US personnel in Benghazi. It is important for the president and his administration to try to make clear to the majority of Muslims — who do not participate in demonstrations but follow the controversy — that the United States does not sponsor or endorse religious slander. That fact, while obvious to Americans, is not widely understood in the Middle East. But it is just as important to send the message that American free speech will not be curbed to suit religious sensibilities and that violence will not be tolerated. “We will bring justice to those who harm our citizens and our friends,” Mr. Obama said. Delivering on those words will be another important piece of the administration’s response. — The Washington Post

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Suspending labour supply does not help

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he Philippine labour attache’s office has prepared a watch list detailing the track record of some 80 placement agencies that arrange jobs for housemaids in the UAE. As a result, these agencies in Dubai, Sharjah, Fujairah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain and Ras Al Khaimah will be able to place domestic workers only if those agencies have clean records. The move was prompted by a recent audit of the placement agencies that found 45 of them were lax in dealing with cases of runaway maids. While the number of runaway maids is not the sole criteria in ranking the placement agencies, it is assumed to be indicative of their track records. But let us be clear — the rights of all workers and sponsors are protected under UAE labour laws. That same legislative framework lays down working conditions and minimum wage structures. When placement agencies — or any employer or sponsor — fail to adhere to those standards, the matter should be referred to the Ministry of Labour through appropriate channels. Simply suspending the supply of workers impacts employers, sponsors and the workers. — Gulf News An American is either a jew, or an antiSemite, unless he is both at the same time. Jean Paul Sartre —French writer


ME cauldron & risk of nuclear war Voice of the People Shams-uz-Zaman Email:smszmn72@yahoo.com

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istorical and contemporary strategic importance of Middle East is indisputable. Not only it is known to the birth place of Abrahamic religions but its rich natural resource potentials make it an extremely attractive region for the global powers. Unfortunately, at the political level, Middle East carries a stigma of decades’ long dictatorships and autocratic rule which emanated from the yoke of colonial imperialism. These dictatorships not only suppressed the liberal voices but genuine pan-Islamic sentiments as well with a defecto endorsement from the Western governments. Consequently, the general masses who actually never approved of the dictatorships perceived these to be an extension of Western rule which were never in conformity with their religious and modern socio-cultural traditions. Arab Spring has changed that all and now West confronts with a new reality which it is finding diffi-

cult to comprehend. The initial thrust of the Arab Spring went well with the West which viewed it as a sweeping change towards a “Western” form of Modern Liberal Democracy, ignoring the reality that religion is deeply embedded within most of the liberal but Muslim minds. The western connotation of ‘liberal’ is profoundly different from that of Muslims’ understanding. Most liberals, if Muslims would not compromise on fundamental principles of religion even if they don’t show up for violent protests, which is not the case in West. Consequently, a false impression was created in the west, considering newly emerged governments a continuity of the older regimes. The level of rage displayed by the people especially in Libya, Sudan and Egypt as a reaction to a persistent abusive campaign against Muslims and comparatively mild reaction by the governments to use force therefore becomes comprehensible. Middle East is already on fire. Palestinian issue laid the foundations of the global terrorism, the sweeping change coined as “Arab Spring” has reached Syria with plausible scenario

of engulfing Amman and Riyadh in future, Iran-Israel nuclear confrontation is soaring by each passing day, the Shiite-Sunni schism has brawled Iran and Saudi Arabia into a bitter diplomatic row and worst of all, this blasphemy issue has adding fuel to the already raging fire. All these issues coupled with deliberate efforts to spread hate through the “freedom of abuse” hold strong prospects of situation slipping out of control or even exploding into a full scale war. Pakistanis could look into the glimpses what their own “spring” might look like once protesters attacked police and tore apart the barricades across the country. Jeffery Steinberg and Michel Chossudovsky have already warned that US hegemonic designs could trigger a chain of uncontrollable events resulting in a cataclysmic event or a nuclear war. This possibility although presently appears less probable but holds a possibility to come true. Responding to an Israeli strike, Iran might hit Dimona which would immediately acquire a nuclear dimension thus pulling major powers to jump in the fry. Under these dim scenarios, Mus-

lim rage appears to be reaching the threshold of the ‘Clash of Civilizations’. Ongoing protests in Muslim world as a reaction to the deliberate display of the “freedom of abuse” should come as a warning sign to all the peace loving humans. The hypocrisy of this freedom in the West becomes obvious once hijab, minarets and circumcisions are banned but tattoos and hats remains permissible, Muslim’s holy personality and book is being desecrated but debate on holocaust remains a cognizable offence. Amid this turmoil, the French magazine Charlie Hebdo provocatively added more fuel to the fire by repeating the act. Some sane minds like Sarah Chayes of Los Angeles Times have pointed out that ‘freedom of speech’ is just not about saying anything without considering its consequences. If the cost of freedom of speech is a nuclear war then abusers like Terry Jones, Nakoula Basseley, Stephane Charbonnier and Sam Bacile should be sent to Mars so that the rest of the world could live in peace. —The writer is an MPhil scholar at NDU.

Women and poverty Nida Sikander

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ajor part of the pie of the world population com prises of the people living in sheer poverty. However, except few activists and humanitarian organizations, no-one bothers about the people baying and yearning for food, clothes and shelter which is a basic human right of every human being born on this globe. Ironically enough, in developing countries and particularly male dominated societies, women are the adverse victims of poverty in all possible ways. Poverty is an issue which has a very strong hold, it needs to be addressed to improve women’s health. The impacts of poverty on women are far more grave then men. It is majorly because of women’s role as housekeepers and providing sustenance gets all the more difficult as a result of being poor. For the millions of women living in poverty, their lives are a litany of injustice, discrimination and obstacles that get in the way of achieving their basic needs of good

health, safe childbirth, education and employment. People living in lower socioeconomic status experience poor health conditions and die eventually due to unfavourable health and safety measures. Overcoming these inequalities and ensuring that women benefit from development requires that the needs and desires of women are not only taken into account, but be put front and center. Poverty is one of the most consistent predictors of depression in women, probably because it imposes considerable stress while attacking many potential sources of social support. Discrimination maintains inequalities, condemns women to live independent life in all terms. Socially speaking, women, for example, experience high risks of gender discrimination in the work place particularly women belonging to lower income groups. They regularly lack access to power, and to opportunities. They also experience higher risks of violence due to poor back ground — for example sexual violence, child sexual abuse and domestic violence. Poverty also impacts on household income distribution and

again female members come in the last. Social evils like profanity, prostitution and forced sexual workers are also pitfalls of poverty. For example, those involved in prostitution are considered to have put themselves at increased risk by choice. Various factors contribute to women’s vulnerability and their insisting position and being poor. Birth of a female child is also deemed to be a contributing factor in poverty of a family unit. They are likely to grow up in poverty till death. Divorce, separation or widowed are dark spots on women and usually close down all avenues for those women in all aspects.Single women and lone parents in particular, find themselves especially vulnerable when they are faced with periods of poverty. Poor health conditions are again linked up with poverty, as provided government facilities are not hidden from anyone. Similarly, women of colour belonging to particular racial category are ostracized and are given temporary or low paid jobs as they continue living as segregated members of the society. Rural and urban

women both suffer poverty in one way or another. The adequacy of a woman’s income plays a role in determining how healthy she is as an individual, which then impacts the health of her family, which then leads to the health of the community. Women’s biology is not the only factor determining their health; there are a lot of other societal issues responsible in making them vulnerable.Poor nutrition and lack of proper medical facilities. Drug addiction is another common outcome of poverty. Use of alcohol, drugs, steroids also cause serious health problems to women. Women bodies are more prone to disease due to their reproductive roles and the physical labour that they perform. Poverty affects women negatively in all possible manners. However, dilemma of our state is that no measure or even serious thought has been giving to the ever increasing poverty ratio. Poverty ridden societies cannot excel and particularly it eats away the huge potential of women affecting all levels of society from individual household to national level.

Views From Abroad

US unease over drone strikes Adam Entous

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bout once a month, the Cen tral Intelligence Agency (CIA) sends a fax to a general at Pakistan’s intelligence service outlining broad areas where the US intends to conduct strikes with drone aircraft, according to US officials. The Pakistanis, who in public oppose the programme, don’t respond. On this basis, plus the fact that Pakistan continues to clear airspace in the targeted areas, the US government concludes it has tacit consent to conduct strikes within the borders of a sovereign nation, according to officials familiar with the programme. Because there is little precedent for the classified US drone programme, international law doesn’t speak directly to how it might operate. That makes the question of securing consent all the more critical, legal specialists say. In private, some Pakistani officials say they don’t consider their actions equivalent to providing consent. They say Pakistan has considered shooting down a drone to reassert control over the country’s airspace but shelved the idea as needlessly

provocative. Pakistan also has considered challenging the legality of the program at the United Nations. It is possible Pakistan is playing both sides. Ashley Deeks, a former State Department assistant legal adviser under Mr. Koh who is now at the University of Virginia, said a lack of a Pakistani response to US notifications might be a way for Pakistan to meet seemingly contradictory goals—letting the CIA continue using its airspace but also distancing the government of Pakistan from the programme, which is deeply unpopular among Pakistanis. Benjamin Wittes, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, said the US drone approach in Pakistan is getting closer to the edge. “It doesn’t mean it is illegal, but you are at the margins of what can reasonably be construed as consent,” he said. Kenneth Anderson, a law professor at American University, defended the right to conduct drone operations without consent if a country refuses to address the threat. He added, however, that such a programme can’t be sustained by secret winks and nods. “Strategic ambiguity is a real bad long-term policy because it eventually blows up in your face,” Mr.

Anderson said. “It’s not stable.” Senior US officials worry about maintaining the support of an important ally—the UK—where officials have begun to express concerns privately about the extent of Pakistan’s consent. In the early days of the Afghan war, lists of specific individuals to be targeted on Pakistani soil by US drones were approved by both the US and Pakistan, in what was called a “dual-key” system. Starting about four years ago, the US began increasingly to go it alone. By last year, according to US officials, the system in place was that the CIA would send a regular monthly fax to Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence agency. The fax would outline the boundaries of the airspace the drones would use— large areas along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border referred to as flight “boxes” because they are shaped like three-dimensional rectangles in the sky. There was no mention of specific targets. Administration lawyers, including those with qualms such as Mr. Koh, believe the CIA’s campaign is legal. They believe they have consent, however tacit, primarily because the Pakistani military continues to clear airspace for

drones and doesn’t interfere physically with the unpiloted aircraft in flight, according to officials involved with the administration’s legal thinking. Still, for some US officials, including Mr. Koh, the lack of an ISI response to faxes was unnerving, leaving already-vague communications even more open to interpretation. Since retired Gen. David Petraeus became CIA director about a year ago, the agency has taken some steps to ease concerns about the drone program, according to officials. But the agency general counsels have drawn the line at revealing detailed criteria for picking targets or disclosing who makes the decisions. Officials say leaving these things ambiguous could help shield officials involved against possible court challenges and avoid providing information that militants could use to evade targeting. Courts in Europe have sought to put on trial some of the CIA officers and foreign partners alleged to be involved in detaining suspected militants in secret sites during the Bush administration. Courtesy: The Wall Street Journal

My best friend!

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ou are quite possessive you know, I said looking squarely at my best friend. “I have to be Bob, you’ve got too many friends I don’t approve off,” said my best friend with a smile. “You don’t approve of most of my friends,” I complained. “You don’t need them when you have me. That friend of yours you were trying to nurse yesterday.” “Ah you mean my friend the bottle of scotch?” “You don’t need friends like that Bob, or that other

friend of yours you were chatting up at that party.” “She was pretty wasn’t she?” “She was no doubt, but I didn’t like the lust in your eyes. You’re married you know, let somebody else feel that way about her. Not you.” “You are possessive you know,” I said to my best friend. “Is it a heavy price you have to pay for my friendship?” “Sometimes,” I said, “I feel it is. But you have been with me when all my other friends deserted me. You have stayed by my side..” “And carried you often Bob,” “Yes and carried me so often in your arms, when I was alone. You have walked with me when the whole world had left me abandoned. Talked with me when all had sent me to Coventry.” “They were lovely

conversations we had” “Yes, but can’t you be less possessive..?” My best friend smiled and looked at me. “Maybe Bob I love you so much that I can’t share you with the kind of companions you want to keep as friends. If you were to chose to be with them then I would have to leave you to them” “Why can’t you be like other friends..” “And share you with others....?” “Yes” “So chose others who I love too”, said my best friend. ”Chose those who love me, those who chose to call me also as their best friend. Chose those, who have felt my arms around them, those that walk with me.” “Can’t I have both kinds?”, I asked my best friend. “You want both, don’t you Bob? I watch you

keep the company of those that will only lead you deeper into wrong. Those who only want to see you slide deeper into decay and debauchery. Those who will give you pleasure but no joy. I watch and my eyes grow sad.” “You are too possessive” “Is it being possessive to think only the best for you?. Is it being possessive to guide you through paths of righteousness? Is it being possessive when I appeal to your mind through your conscience? Is it being possessive that I love you so much?” I looked up at my best friend, and I shook my head to see His pain. “No God”, I whispered. “Am so glad you are my best friend...!” —Email:bobsbanter@gmail.com

People hit hard again ASMAAR BILAL MUSHTAQ SHAIKH It is rather very deplorable that the people, across the board, have been hit very hard yet again by none else but their own elected govt. through further increase in petroleum products prices . Increase in petrol and CNG prices is on the higher side while very little one time relief has been through decrease in the prices of diesel, high speed diesel and kerosene oil, as reported in the media. It is a bitter fact that any increase in petroleum products prices has manifold adverse effect on the people including the motorists as prices of all daily use articles go up increasing thus burdening their domestic expenses. Why don’t our rulers realize he people’s miseries? —Lahore

CNG’s role & Islamabad OMAR AHMAD What I love about Islamabad is its natural beauty. Just take a walk on Park Road in the spring and you will understand what I mean. Islamabad is a well planned city and is proof of what good government thinking can produce. It is a city where your soul connects with God’s blessings. Beautiful birds chirp away among the bouquets nature fills every corner. A lot of this would have been lost due to pollution had not city officials ensured time and again to enforce limits on vehicular emissions and I applaud that effort. But all is not well. The city’s population increased by 43% (i.e. 4 lakh persons) in the period 1998~2011, which is significant for a small city, and this has certainly had its impact and will continue to do so. Thankfully, the atmospheric NO2 in the city is still at a safe level (vs. a city like Peshawar where NO2 is twice that of safe level), but there are signs that this will not remain so, and not just because of an increasing population! Fact is that a great deal of control has been maintained on the city’s air quality, simply because a major portion of traffic has been using CNG for more than a decade. CNG is an environmentally friendly fuel and this alone (apart from very solid economic reasons) was an excellent basis for the government to encourage significant investment by businesses and households in CNG infrastructure and conversion of vehicles. However, the current situation of suddenly discouraging & banning CNG is difficult to understand, when the measures to address the root cause are much different. Just to mention them, the relevant measures include utilizing stranded & abandoned natural gas fields, monetizing gas which is being flared unnecessarily for the past several decades, executing the Iran Pipeline project, importing LNG, eliminating gas transmission & storage losses and improving the efficiency of fuel consumption at households & industries across the country. So clearly, the solutions exist. They can be implemented relatively quickly and merely require honest execution. When vehicular consumption constitutes only 7% of the country’s total natural gas consumption, there really is no need for Islamabad’s vehicles to stop using inexpensive CNG and no reason for us to lose, what is certainly the highest standard of living of any city in Pakistan. —Via email

Sino-Japan tension KHAWAJA UMER FAROOQ At the time when world economy is passing through worse stage of its history tension is rising between two Asian economic giants China and Japan. Asian stocks fall sharply after growing China and Japan tension and add further worries in Europe. Tokyo stocks also closed lower for the first time in four trading. Japan has already closed several top brands and factories in China after growing tension. The owner ship of disputed islands is main cause of tension between the two nations for decades. The purchase of the Diaoyo island by the Japanese government from private owners raise the tension between two countries. Taiwan also claims ownership of disputed island. Only month ago China has lodged a strong protest with the Japanese government after activists landed on disputed island. Chinese protestors also staged an anti Japan rally outside the Japan Embassy in Beijing protests also took place across China after growing tension. According to media news China sent its first aircraft carrier and several

Demos devoid of Islam UMME RUBAB

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uite unfortunately, the day of ‘Youm-Ishq-e-Rasool’ (PBUM) witnessed widespread violence and destruction. It seemed that the government had given the license to smash and burn. The reckless and immoral behavior exhibited by many in the processions did no good; instead it damaged the intended noble cause. We need to do some self-assessment as to where we stand as a nation. Muslims in other countries also organised demonstrations, but hardly any protests turned violent. The purpose of this day was to register an international protest and convey the very meaning of Islam which is ‘Peace’. We saw no Islam in the actions of the crowd who came out on the streets to claim love for their Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). —Karachi boats towards disputed Island in a show of force. In presence of Japan Navy ships any small mistake can bring big disaster in the region. Despite growing tension UNO and world community is seeing everything with blind eyes which is very unfortunate. —Jeddah, KSA

An embarrassing response LUBNA HAMEED It appears that with the passage of each day and an increase in population, this earth is closing up on us all its resources and blessings while the rest of the world enjoys the delicious flavor of modernity. The reaction of some people on the youm-e-ishqRasool is also viewed in this background. Frustrated people turn into a mob to vent out their grievances and hatred nurtured by spells of injustices and deprivations. Ignorance increases with every passing day as knowledge and wisdom decreases, thus compelling the illiterate society to act out to stir up chaos. Surely political gameplaying can also not be totally ruled out, but the fact remains that we are approaching towards harboring extremist views. This calls out the need to analyze our condition and the path that we are treading with such dangerous speed. Where are our scholars and clerics? Why have they become weak and ineffective in contributing to society? This shows that we are in dire need of understanding the fundamental teachings of our beloved Prophet (PBUH) that tell us how we must behave in society. Instead of focusing just on science and maths, we must reserve a larger chunk of time for Islamic studies that needs to be taught comprehensively as a complete way of life, not merely as a burdensome extra subject that the students may go through to get passing marks. The best thing that we may extract from this upsetting episode is to start a process of self-examination that may lead to self-correction. —Rawalpindi

A militant stereotype DR SHAFIQUR REHMAN Apropos the article by Amir Rana “a militant stereotype” published on September 23, 2012“, usually a research work presents a credible data, but such a short sample as collected for this research may not produce accurate results. What could be the source of collecting this sample also raises questions about the research which might have been carried out in a fixed environment, thus affecting variables. It is hard to believe that recruiters of these militants did not exploit the socioeconomic deprivations but only played on religious sentiments. The phenomenon of militancy has more diverse reasons than explained in the article. According to Maslow’s theory of self actualization, the most basic and the most essential necessity in the hierarchy of needs is “the need for food”, followed by “the need for shelter”, proceeded by “the need for belongingness and affection”, followed by “self esteem needs”, and, finally, “the need for self actualization”. A recent survey done by a thinktank associated with deradaclization centre reveals that in insurgency hit areas more that 70% of the people belong to a very low SES i.e. *U.S $ 94 – 176 (U.S $3/day). And, when the most basic needs are not met with, it becomes very easy to get manipulated and exploited. The militants take advantage of this, and the basic incentive/ reinforcement that they give to the people is food and money. And, this phenomenon is not just exclusive to Pakistan, but, universal in all other parts of the world where there is militancy and terrorism, be it Africa or Asia. Secondly, again due to financial crisis, lack of job opportunities in backward areas, the breadwinners have to go beyond their dwellings; and often abroad too, in search of well paying jobs which are mostly just adequate to sustain food and shelter for their families back home. 65% of the times, fathers are not

present to look after and supervise their children, especially the males. Consequently, almost 54% of the children are abducted by militants. Social Research literature highlights that children reared without fathers are about seven times more likely to drop out of school, to become runaways, and commit violent crimes, consequently father-absent homes produce the most severe antisocial children. When there is no food, inadequate shelter, no education, absence of hygiene and health awareness programs and facilities, it’s easy to manipulate and exploit such children. Think tanks behind this entire militant and terrorist regime take advantage of exploiting people on the basis of survival needs rather than these innocent people pulling off suicide bombings because they hate all non-believers. The insurgency feeds on POVERTY and is about Politics and Power. It has little to do with religion. It also looks unnatural that most of the sample used for research were educated, normal people having love for sports and music and having political affiliation (The writer has shown affiliation with some political parties and excluded few). Thus assertions made by sample are also questionable. —Rawalpindi

National interest priority NAVEED AHMAD One of the reasons for the sorry state of affairs in our country is that there is hell of difference between our words and deeds. We say one thing and do another. Moral bankruptcy has reached at its pinnacle in us. We have become so materialistic that, we favor only those things which feather our nests. We have nothing to do with our national interest and prefer our personal interest, at its cost. We, as Muslims are lucky enough to be blessed with a religion of peace and harmony which preaches the same among its followers. Despite having this blessing It was unfortunate enough to see whatever was going on in our country on” LOVE PROPHET (PBUH) DAY” . It was totally against the norms and principles of our religion. At the same time more throbbing than all this was the taciturnity of our politicians and leaders of religious parties. None of them even bother to utter a word to condemn the fanaticism of unruly mob which was unswerving to tarnish the soft image of our country rather each of them took it a golden opportunity to use it a political mace against his rivals. I am not here to praise government; I also have lot of objections against it. But I will and I must praise here government for the sophisticated way which it adopted to record its protest. Celebration of ” LOVE PROPHET (PBUH) DAY” at national level, resolutions of denunciation from National Assembly and foreign office, calling of US ambassador into foreign office, Censure resolution from federal cabinet and above all speech of our PM are some of the right steps which clearly expressed the feelings of whole nation. PM in his speech boldly mentioned the Dual Standards and Holocaust of West. He also pledged to raise this issue at forums of OIC and UN. He not only differed between the freedom of speech and sedition of earth but also demanded legislation at international level. No one is against peaceful protest, it should be to force the government to raise this issue at all international forums. But keeping in view the critical situation of our country we can’t afford any new adventure in it. All of our politicians and religious leaders should come forward to make safe our national interest. —Via email

READERS are requested to type their letters legibly with double spacing and only on one side of the paper.

—Editor Email:editorial@pakobserver.net


Staunching Syria’s Wounds WALDEN BELLO & RICHARD JAVAD HEYDARIA

Since the start of the Syrian revolution 18 months ago, the “international community” has not been able to put forward a unified and lasting solution to the conflict. This Foreign Policy in Focus article discusses three sides of the crisis in Syria, each with its own special interests.

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IRST of all, there are countries, com prised of NATO allies and Sunni pow ers like Saudi Arabia, that want to see the Assad government fall and strike Iran.Secondly, there are those countries such as Russia, China and Iran who are supportive of Assad. The third group comprise of countries, such as India and Brazil, who are do not back Assad but are also critical of any military intervention. Almost 18 months after the onset of popular democratic protests, the Syrian revolution increasingly resembles a bloody marathon with no clear finish line on the horizon. Unlike the “lightning” revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt, where strongmen were overthrown in a matter of weeks, the Syrian uprising has instead entailed a slow-motion disintegration of the rich tapestry that has characterized Syrian society for centuries. There is no way to understate the depth of the unfolding tragedy: An estimated 20,000 civilians have been killed, some 2.5 million are internally displaced, and more than 250,000 have risked life and limb to flee the country just to arrive at cramped refugee camps in Turkey, Jordan, and Iraq. As the armed revolution enters the two large cities of Aleppo and Damascus, the humanitarian crisis is set to deepen unless all relevant parties—domestic and international—commit themselves to a peaceful and effective political solution. Thus, the first priority should be the imposition of a UN-administered ceasefire to end the bloodshed and

provide necessary space for a genuine political dialogue. There must also be an immediate end to the ongoing proxy war that is fueling an arms race inside the country, with Western and Arab powers (directly or indirectly) arming rebels and extremist elements to topple the regime through sheer violence and terror. What initially began as a non-violent demand for political liberalization and social justice has gradually morphed into a large-scale sectarian conflict, placing varying ethnic and religious groups on a collision course. Notwithstanding the almost universal demand for democracy among the Syrian population, what we are witnessing is the frightening possibility of a Sunni-dominated opposition—spearheaded by a less-than-moderate Muslim Brotherhood and buttressed by the inflow of armed extremists— waging an all-out war on not only the minority Alawite sect that has stood by President Assad and his regime, but also other minority groups, such as the Christians and Shiites, perceived to be invested in the Baath party. The Syrian uprisings similar to those in Egypt and Tunisia were largely founded upon secular principles of tolerance, justice, and democracy. Yet we are inching closer to the possible emergence of a post-Assad state in which reactionary and radical elements could implement an even less tolerant political system underpinned by undemocratic “majoritarian rule,” ultra-conservative values, and most ominously the purging of all remnants of the ancien regime. As Assad’s forces struggle to hold on to their traditional strongholds in Aleppo and Damascus, the Alawite community fearing a meltdown in the capital is already fortifying its positions in the northeastern mountainous regions as well as the coastal cities of Latakia and Tartus (incidentally, the site of numerous visits by Russian and Iranian naval forces). Ultimately, if the regime loses control over the capital, it might choose to withdraw to these areas and create a separate enclave defended by its massive stockpile of WMDs and advanced armaments. The Kurds, meanwhile, have chosen to stay out of the revolution and extend their networks of cooperation with their Kurdish brethren in Iraq (and possibly in Turkey too), while consolidating their de facto jurisdiction over the oil-rich northeastern regions bordering Turkey

and Iraq. The regime has already lost its political hegemony in much of the countryside, with self-governing revolutionary councils filling in the political vacuum. Meanwhile, rebel groups are expanding and strengthening their operations, denying the regime much-needed mobility and tactical space. They have already been busy blocking the highly strategic LatakiaAleppo highway to choke off Assad’s forces— forcing the regime to increasingly rely on its air force. Central cities such as Hama and Homs, traditional hotbeds of anti-Assad sentiment, are anything but under the control of the state, forcing the regime to occasionally resort to artillery shelling, helicopter gunship attacks, and carpet bombardments to exert a semblance of control. In essence, what one increasingly observes in much of the country are self-governing communities intermittently rocked by massacres and hit-and-run operations—by both the regime and the armed opposition. With both the opposition and the regime locked in a state of war, the only way to end the bloodshed is for the international community to come to its senses and forge a unified and effective response under the auspices of the UN. A Divided International Community But there is hardly an “international community” to speak of as far as Syria is concerned. There are basically three camps on this conflict. The first camp is composed of anti-Assad hawks, mainly NATO countries and Sunni powers like Saudi Arabia, which are determined to dislodge the regime in Damascus and checkmate their main regional adversary, Iran. The Assad regime is the strategic node that has allowed Iran to project its influence beyond the immediate Sunni-dominated Persian Gulf neighborhood, establishing the so-called “Shia Crescent” from eastern Afghanistan to the eastern Mediterranean—much to the dismay of Washington and the Sunni powers. Syria is simply their best chance to cripple the core of Iran’s regional network. Increasingly reducing the Syrian crisis to a simple Shia-Sunni divide, these powers have been among the most vociferous proponents of military intervention, ranging from the imposition of a no-fly zone to the creation of “humanitarian buffer zones” along the Turkish-Syr-

ian border, or even the implementation of a “nodrive zone” to neutralize Assad’s military maneuvering. Some, such as the Qataris, have even floated the idea of placing boots on the ground, with Arab soldiers—together with NATO operational support—implementing peace enforcement or regime change. So far, it seems that the consensus within this camp is to focus on arming the rebels and increasing sanctions and diplomatic pressure to cripple the regime. The second camp is composed of Eastern powers and Syrian allies such as Russia, China, and Iran. They have been the most vociferous opponents of any form of military intervention in Syria, emphasizing the need for a “managed political transition” without an explicit call for Assad to step down. Russia and Iran have actively supported the regime by providing it diplomatic, political, and financial space. While the Russians have continued to supply the regime with armaments (ostensibly based on prior contracts), the Iranians are said to have played an increasingly prominent role as a source of financial and logistical support. However, none of these powers has ruled out dialogue with the opposition, with each of them either hosting (or expressing an intent to meet with) elements of the opposition to mediate a prospective political compromise with the regime. The last camp, or the “third way,” is com-

posed of developing countries, from India to Brazil, that are deeply disturbed by the ongoing violence in Syria. They may have already lost their belief in the legitimacy of President Assad, but they are also equally critical of any form of military intervention to resolve the crisis. Their main priority is to kick-start a UN-sponsored political approach, which will combine humanitarian, political, and peacekeeping tools to put a lid on the ongoing violence in Syria and pave the way for a managed political transition. Toward a Diplomatic Resolution Among the most prominent in the third camp is Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, who has emphasized the need for a regional Syrian Contact Group composed of all relevant regional powers—including Iran, the external actor that wields the largest leverage over Assad—to build an effective framework for a political resolution of the crisis. The framework would be backed by a UN mediation led by the veteran Algerian diplomat Lakhdar Brahimi. This could serve as an institutional bedrock for a coordinated regional and international approach as proposed by Morsi. The key element here is the emphasis on political dialogue, compromise, and pressure on both sides of the conflict to end the ongoing cycle of violence.—GPF

World War II never ended in Asia Radical Islam inflicts acts of war on US CLYDE PRESTOWITZ

{The current battle overthe Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands between China and Japan is revealing a number of important truths about the state of the world that AsiaPacific leaders ought to take to heart and act upon.}

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IRST is the fact that its secu rity commitments to Japan are entangling the United States in the internal politics of both Japan and China over issues that are of secondary importance for Americans. Second is the fact that World War II is not yet over. Indeed, in both China and Japan, the embers of its dying fires are being fanned for domestic political gain by nationalist leaders hoping to capitalize on popular sentiment or to distract attention from other sensitive political issues. This is only possible because the grievances of the war have never been fully resolved either by serial Japanese apologies that have been widely perceived as qualified or by a willingness on the part of new generations of Asians to move on by absolving new generations of Japanese of blame. Third is the fact that by increasing China’s wealth, integration of its economy into the global system has also dramatically increased China’s power and given it the ability to use intimidation both as a tool for obtaining satisfaction of grievances and as a

safety valve to relieve domestic political pressure. This, of course, also means that contrary to expectations, globalization has not yet, turned China into a liberal, capitalist state run with a significant degree of transparency if not democracy. Despite having become the world’s second largest economy and its largest trading state, China is still capable of instant mobilization of mobs to attack foreign factories or surround the autos of foreign diplomats in the service of perceived domestic and foreign policy needs. In other words, the line between public and private policies and activities is fuzzy to non-existent. These facts suggest the need for a re-think of U.S. policy and deployment in the Asia-Pacific region. They also suggest a way out that could be a step toward changing some of these facts on the ground. With regard to U.S. Asia/Pacific policy, the recent adoption of the concept of the so called Pivot to Asia should be revisited. This pivot mainly entails more deployment of U.S. military forces in the region and a broadening and deepening of U.S. commitment to support the claims of its allies whether justified or not. It more or less inevitably means more U.S. involvement in disputes like that over the Senkakus and more U.S. unnecessary confrontation with China over things that matter very little to Americans. There is no payoff for America in this. Keeping the Senkakus firmly in Japanese hands will not further open the Japanese market by one dollar’s worth nor will it inhibit the various policies most Asian countries use to entice direct foreign investment and technology transfer nor will it inhibit

such countries from doing ever more business with China while doing less with America. Indeed, it may actually accelerate such activity by showing that America will insulate the rest of Asia from the possible negative consequences of becoming more dependent on China. Washington could push everything in a very different and more constructive direction by urging Japan voluntarily to request adjudication of the question of ownership of the islands by the International Court of Justice in the Hague. In the first place, Japan’s claim is more than a little questionable. As Han-yi Shaw, a research fellow at Taiwan’s National Chengchi University points out, various Japanese documents seem to indicate that the islands were seized as war booty by Japan when it also took control of Taiwan as a result of the Sino-Japanese War of 1895. Indeed, the Japanese group that leased the islands from the Japanese government at the time mention in letters and notes that the islands came into their possession as a result of the victory of the Japanese Imperial Army. A Japanese request coupled with willingness to transfer control of the islands would constitute the most powerful and genuine of apologies by Japan while it would also remove the Senkakus from the slate of domestic Japanese political issues. It would also put China in a potentially revealing position. Any refusal of arbitration would undermine the sincerity of China’s assertions as well as its attractiveness as an economic partner.— Courtesy – FP

ADM JAMES A LYONS

{The roots of the current turmoil in Muslim countries stretching from East Asia to North Africa go much deeper than the violent reaction to an amateurish 13minute YouTube video.}

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HESE are simply the latest manifestations of a 33-year record of failure to address Islamic fundamentalism’s multiple acts of war against the United States. President Obama’s approach to Muslim countries in the Middle East has only compounded the problem because appeasement is viewed as a sign of weakness. When you are no longer feared, you do not have street respect, which is key in the Middle East. The result is that you invite the Islamists to take control. This is what we are witnessing as the outcome of the “Arab Spring.” For years, the Islamists have used perceived affronts to Islam and their prophet to advance their agenda. This is what we witnessed recently in Cairo and Benghazi. The fact that this senseless violence occurred on our national day of mourning for the almost 3,000 innocent Americans murdered by the Arab hijackers on Sept. 11, 2001, is no coincidence. According to Mohamed Magariaf, president of Libya’s National Congress, these events were planned in advance. Peaceful protests

do not include rocket-propelled grenades and automatic weapons. The mob violence was no spontaneous protest. Supporting this contention is the fact that the video was released in July. The video’s voice track with insults to Islam and Muhammad were unprofessionally dubbed in. It took two months for Wesam Abdel-Wareth, the radical Salafi president of an Egyptian television channel in Cairo, to air the video, which brought widespread attention. That in itself should be instructive. His call for demonstrations by the inflamed mob should have put the U.S. Embassy and the Egyptian security forces assigned to protect the embassy on full alert. Regretfully, this was not the case. According to some reports, the Egyptian security presence assigned to protect the embassy was light and may have even backed off as the mob took control. Compounding the problem, it was reported that our U.S. Marines assigned to protect the embassy were not issued ammunition. Adding to the insult of a breached wall protecting the sovereign territory of our embassy was Egypt’s new Islamist Muslim Brotherhood president Mohamed Morsi’s initial failure to condemn the protesters and the attack on our embassy. In a Western-style democracy, Mr. Abdel-Wareth would be allowed to air the video. But in a Sept. 14 article in the Wall Street Journal, Husain Haqqani, former Pakistani ambassador to the United States, correctly points out that Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton made a key mistake by denouncing the video, playing into the hands of the radicals. Her statement also played

into the hands of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), which has been joined by the Department of State in an attempt to impose legal limits on all Americans’ freedom of speech by criminalizing criticism of Islam. This is embedded in Resolution 16/18, a declaration adopted by the United Nations Human Rights Council in April 2011. As pointed out in a Sept. 12 Web article by intelligence analyst Clare Lopez on Foreign Confidential, Resolution 16/ 18 calls on countries to combat “intolerance, negative stereotyping and stigmatization” based on religion, without criminalizing free speech — except in cases of “incitement to imminent violence.” But if a “test of consequences” is used to determine whether incitement to violence has occurred, whether or not the speaker intended to incite, then free speech will be gone. The clear intent of the OIC is to use this phrase to enforce Islamic law on slander. This is how submission (dhimmitude) to Islam is enforced. So much for our First Amendment. The main point not be overlooked is that breaching our embassy compound in Cairo (and elsewhere), the total destruction of our Benghazi Consulate and the killing of four Americans including the U.S. ambassador are acts of war. We cannot continue to ignore these challenges. There must be consequences. Our failure to respond to similar situations in the past such as the Iranian takeover of our Tehran embassy in November 1979 and holding of our diplomats hostage for 444 days has sent the message that we lack the political willpower to respond.—Courtesy - Washington Times.

If Israel bombed Iran, what would life in Tel Aviv be like? ANAT BERKO

{For months, Israel has threatened to strike Iran’s nuclear sites. The United States has urged restraint. If such an operation were launched, how might Tel Aviv react?}

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UR pilots,” Prime Minister Ben jamin Netanyahu proclaims on the Channel 2 TV news, “carried out their difficult and dangerous task for the sake of the state of Israel. They have struck several Iranian nuclear facilities and have returned safely.” For months, Israeli officials had been debating whether a strike would be worth the risk. I’m relieved they have finally acted, but I worry: What if the reactors and other nuclear facilities, which are scattered throughout Iran, some buried deep underground, aren’t entirely destroyed? Outside my house in Tel Aviv, the early-morning stillness has been pierced by the sound of explosions; sirens lag behind the shrieks of incoming missiles. Military vehicles, loudspeakers mounted on their roofs, roll through the streets, announcing passwords that call up reserve soldiers — Israeli men and women who’ve completed their mandatory military service — joined by some volunteers. The soldiers hurry out of their homes, buttoning their uniforms and scattering to bases and missions across the country. The massacres of Jews and the piles of ash left by the Nazis are part of our collective memory. So we take responsibility for our own defense — of a land that is both a haven and a self-imposed

ghetto for the Jewish people. My husband, a volunteer beyond the age of his mandatory reserve duty, is called up to defend the home front. In the past, the Israel Defense Forces’ preference for male over female reservists bothered me, but this time I am happy to stay home. After the Holocaust, we said “Never again,” and we meant it. The world must understand that when the Jewish people are threatened, it is the first sign of a threat to international order and world peace. I bring my mother, who lives nearby, over to the house so she won’t be alone. Her 72year-old face is lined from age and decades of worry and war. “They will never leave us alone,” she mutters. “Your father was in Iran

for two years when he fled Iraq on his way to Israel. It was different then; the Iranians loved us. Why did everything change?” Together, with my three children, we go to our safe room. Almost every house in Israel has a room like this: a bomb shelter with thick, concrete walls, stocked with food and water, a radio, TV, and Internet, sometimes in the basement, but often a spare room used as a bedroom. Analysts on the news repeat what we instinctively fear — that Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is probably hovering over a map of Israel in his headquarters, pointing at targets to hit. A TV announcer reports missiles falling on Tel Aviv, launched from the Gaza Strip by Hamas militants. The Iranianbacked Palestinian Islamic Jihad has hit civilian targets in the south in the Negev Desert. And Hezbollah, another Iran proxy, aims missiles from Lebanon toward the port city of Haifa in the north. The mood and events remind me of 1973, but I was a child back then and didn’t really grasp the gravity of the early days of the Yom Kippur War. In all of Israel’s many wars, the people have put aside the arguments that divided them politically and united to fight those who wished to destroy the Jewish state. Nothing is left from the disputes between politicians and former generals from the security forces; once the decision has been made, there is no argument about whether it was a good or bad move. Netanyahu, with Defense Minister Ehud Barak by his side, says he ordered this mission to protect the state of Israel. He echoes

comments he’d made earlier, saying that because the United States hadn’t set a “red line” for Iran’s uranium enrichment and larger nuclear program, Israel had to act. And despite the fact that Meir Dagan, a former chief of the Mossad, Israel’s intelligence agency, and Gabi Ashkenazi, a former chief of staff of the IDF, opposed such a strike, today they say Netanyahu and Barak made the right decision. Once again, when Israel is thrust into conflict, past political division melts into survivalminded solidarity. I try to think positively. After all, when Israel has destroyed nuclear reactors in the past — Iraq’s in 1981 and, according to foreign sources, Syria’s in 2007 — missiles have been launched at us in retaliation, and history has proved that we did the right thing. Of course, there is a world of difference between the single Iraqi reactor and the Iranian nuclear facilities dispersed throughout the country — and between the secular dictators Saddam Hussein and Bashar al-Assad and the mullahs who govern the Islamic republic of Iran. Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and Ahmadinejad have an apocalyptic religious vision: They are doing everything they can to hasten the arrival of the Mahdi, the Islamic messianic figure who will come to save the Muslim world just before Judgment Day. On that day, it is believed that the world’s natural order will reverse — the oceans will dry up, and the sun will rise in the west and set in the east. A nuclear Iran is not just Israel’s problem. The Sunni gulf monarchs have been trying to convince the Obama administration since 2009 that a nuclear Shiite Iran would be a mortal threat to their governments. And of course, equipped with weapons of mass destruction,

Iran would be able to ramp up its funding for and training of Islamic terrorists, presenting a grave danger to the region’s political stability — and its massive oil and natural gas reserves — and to the world at large. Syrian President Assad sees this new conflict as an opportunity to deflect attention from his country’s civil war. Following Jordan’s and Egypt’s lead, he moves what is left of his troops close to the Israeli border. Israeli Arabs prepare to flee, knowing that the missiles will not distinguish between Muslims and Jews. The media loop reports that some Israeli infrastructure and military facilities have been destroyed by missile attacks. Bodies are buried under the rubble, but there are no estimates of the number of dead and injured. Israel continues to strike back at Iran, targeting its proxies. I wonder: Will Israel use its ultimate weapons in response? Israel has clearly hindered Iran’s nuclear program, though the severity of the damage is uncertain. But Israelis know that, like the phoenix, Iran will try to rise again and rebuild its nuclear program. It will emerge more determined and vengeful than before. It will no longer be satisfied to have its proxies attack Israel; it will launch an all-out war, targeting the arrogant Sunni gulf states and the West in addition to the Jewish state. However, as the sun sets over Tel Aviv in the west and the water still laps at the shore, the Mahdi has not arrived. —Courtesy Washington Post. [Anat Berko, a visiting professor at George Washington University and a research fellow at the International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism in Israel, is the author of “The Smarter Bomb: Women and Children as Suicide Bombers].”


Raja regime swindles Rs2.5b diesel consumers’ relief

Taliban remove Bilour from hit list From Page 1 Pakhutankhaw a Cabinet minister who is offering a $100,000 reward to anyone who kills the maker of an anti-Islam film. The film has sparked violent protests across the Muslim world. Railways minister Ghulam Ahmad Bilour has already sought the Taliban’s and al-Qaida’s help in his “noble cause” of killing the filmmaker. Pakistani Taliban spokesman Ahsanullah Ahsan told The Associated Press by telephone on Wednesday that the minister’s views represent the true spirit of Islam. Consequently, the militants have removed him from their hit list. But Ahsan clarified that others in Bilour’s secular party — which has opposed the Taliban — won’t enjoy the reprieve. Pakistan’s government says Bilour’s bounty doesn’t represent official policy. Bilour could not be reached immediately for comment.— AP LAHORE: PML-N President Muhammad Nawaz Sharif holds talks with the President Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party Mehmood Khan Achakzai. Raja Zafar ul Haq, Iqbal Zafar Jhagra, Ahsan Iqbal and others are also present.

Zardari, Karzai, Cameron to work for regional peace

Overseas Pakistanis will not be able to vote in elections

Nation utterly disappointed with rulers: Nawaz

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stan supports an intra-Afghan dialogue. The President said education, economic opportunities for the people of affected areas, and socio-economic development were effective tools to transform the environment. President Asif Ali Zardari and President Karzai appreciated the constructive role being played by the United Kingdom. Prime Minister Cameron reiterated the commitment of the United Kingdom to support Afghanistan and Pakistan in working out solutions for peace and stability in the region and in their quest for socio- economic development of their people.—APP

SC rejects Swiss letter revised draft From Page 1 court a day earlier, to be revised adding that he hoped that those revisions had been made. To this Farooq H Naek made a plea that he may be heard in the Chamber for resolving the issue, but the court rejected his application. Justice Asif Saeed Khosa in his remarks said that it would not be possible for us to hear you in the chamber for discussing punctuation. Farooq Naek insisting said this was a sensitive matter, which could not be discussed open court. Government Counsel Wasim Sajjad would also accompany me in the Chamber, he said. However, Justice Asif Saeed Khosa told Farooq Naek that whatever you want to say, say it in the court to maintain the transparency. Later, Rarooq Naek submitted Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf’s authority letter delegating power to the law minister to draft the letter and revised if it necessary. Thereafter, the court declared a short break and the judges went to the Chamber for consultations. After consultation the bench called Federal Law Minister Farooq H Naek and the government counsel Wasim Sajjad in the judges’ chamber. During the hearing, Justice Khosa told Farooq H. Naek that the court had asked for revision in the Swiss revising in the letter draft, submitted in the court a day earlier. He hoped that those revisions had been made. The bench once again objected on the content of revised draft of the letter. Further, the bench remarked that if the government did not comply with the order of writing the letter to Swiss authorities by October 5, the court would be compelled to resume with contempt of court proceedings. The court adjourned the case hearing till October 5, when Naek made a request to the court to adjourn the hearing, adding that the issue would be resolved by then.—INP

Mengal appears before SC today From Page 1 workers from Khuzdar, Wadh, Hub, Noshki and Zehri areas, who had come to Islamabad warmly, received the BNP leader. —INP

Justice Party; Pakistan Muhammadi Party, Pakistan Muslim League-Humkhiyal, Public Forum, Pakistan Falah Party, Pakistan Hizbullah Party and All Pakistan Peoples Qaumi Movement. The Commission also allotted the election symbol of Charpai to Pakistan Rah-i-Haq Party; Wrist Watch to Sada-ePakistan Party and Ring to Tehreek Ehtahad-e-Adam. The details of intra-party elections of Awami Party (Pakistan) and All Pakistan Muslim League were found to be as per law. The Commission approved a draft bill suggesting re-poll on the polling station(s) where less than 10% of the women votes are polled. This is to ensure the

number of women participation in the electoral process is increased and to prevent such groups and parties entering into an agreement restraining women of a particular area or a polling station from exercising their right to vote. The draft was sent to the Law Ministry for legislation by the parliament. The issue of granting right of vote to the overseas Pakistanis would be taken up in the political parties consultative meeting tomorrow. The Election Commission of Pakistan has announced schedule for holding by-elections on seats falling vacant following the ineligibility of National and provincial assembly members.

According to the schedule, the by-polls will be organized on November 17, 2012. Following are important dates in this regard: Public Notice to be issued by the Returning Officers on 05.10.2012; Nomination papers to be filed with the Returning Officers by the candidates on 08.10.2012 and 09.10.2012; Papers to be scrutinized on 10.10.2012 and 11.10.2012; Filing of appeals against decisions of the Returning Officers rejecting/accepting the nomination papers by 15.10.2012; Decision on appeals by the Tribunals 18.10.2012; Withdrawal of candidature by19.10.2012; Publication of revised list of candidates 20.10.2012.

Altaf for getting rid of religious fanatics STAFF REPORTER LONDON—The Founder and Leader of Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM) Altaf Hussain has said that it was time for the moderate, progressive, liberal and enlightened people to break their criminal silence and come forward for saving Pakistan. They should make Pakistan a peaceful, civilized, educated and developed country by getting rid of the religious fanatics. He was addressing a seminar held at the Marriott Hotel in Karachi. He said unless the large majority of the liberal segment of the society came forward, the wave of extremism and violence by religious extremists would continue unabated in the country. He said that a peace march could be organized by the MQM for promoting religious harmony if people belonging to different schools of thought and followers of different faiths gave support. He said that he was the first to write condemnatory letters to the US president Barack Obama, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and the Secretary General of the United States stressing upon them to respect the religious sensibilities of over 1.5 billion Muslims throughout the world. He declared that the liberal, enlightened and moderate Muslims would have to decide if they would surrender abjectly in front of bloodthirsty and uneducated terrorists or wage a struggle against them for living a life of honour and dignity. Their silence would not free the country from the clutches of looters, plunderers and terrorists. Mr Hussain warned that if the people continued to behave in a servile manner in front of terrorists who had smeared the name of Islam and Pakistan in the world, a time may come when these terrorists would storm into their houses, abduct their women and slaughter them under the name of the prophet and Allah. He said that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was sent as a mercy for the entire world. What was the rationale behind killing our own people during protests against the sacrilegious film while the maker of the film was ensconced in comfort in the United States. He said that the terrorists who had vandalized properties, looted bank ATMs, burnt down cinema houses, petrol pumps, restaurants, police mobiles, cars and motorcycles had sent a highly negative image of Islam

throughout the world. He asked if there was any difference left between the maker of the blasphemous film and the violent protesters. He said that a Church was set ablaze by the terrorists on the pretext of expressing love for the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and said that this would entice non-Muslims to attack our places of worship. He said that the liberal, democratic, progressive and secular people would have to forget their differences for the larger interest of the country and for saving Pakistan. He particularly appealed to the younger generation and students to make Pakistan a developed and educated country. He said that he wanted to transform Pakistan according to the vision of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah who wanted Pakistan to be a secular, liberal and democratic country. He said that leadership of the country should be given in the

hands of educated and honest people belonging to the poor and middle classes. Mr Hussain said that the religious zealots could be effectively dealt with if the people came towards the MQM by rejecting fake leaders. He said that the genuine leadership would not descend from the heaven like angels. He asked the people to come forward and support Altaf Hussain for saving Pakistan. Mr Hussain said that the people living in Pakistan were citizens of equal status irrespective of their religious beliefs and thoughts. Everyone should be given equal rights and their places of worship should be protected. Mr Hussain praised the head of Tehreek-i-Minhaj-ul-Quran Dr Tahirul Qadri for holding peaceful rallies against the denigrating film. He said that the students who cleaned the streets after the violent protests were true lovers of the Holy Prophet (PBUH).

In the meeting with Mehmood Khan Achakzai, Nawaz Sharif said the country’s roots have been weakened by the inefficient rulers. He said rid of the present rulers and free and fair general elections were inevitable to save the country from some bigger mishap. He said not only the PPP, but all its allies were also responsible for the sorry state of affairs in the country. The PML-N chief said the nation was utterly disappointed with the rulers, who, instead of resolving the problems facing the people had increased them. Achakzai said the country was facing unprecedented problems due to inefficiency of the government. “A lot of problems of the people could have been resolved, if the intentions of the rulers were right,” he said. In the meeting with the Swedish envoy, Nawaz Sharif discussed with him the PakSweden relations. —INP

From Page 1 duced by local refineries has dwindled as in its price, ocean losses are not included. However, the diesel imported by PSO has higher price because of the ocean losses. As per the summary forwarded by Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources to ECC, the relief of decrease in the price of locally produced diesel in the wake of change in pricing formally was to deliver to the diesel consumer every week. The said relief of Rs0.050.12 per liter was to be extended to the consumers in the shape of adjustment in inland equalization

OGRA stressed the ministry to use its influence on ECC for reversal of the decision so that the relief could be ensured to diesel consumers. According to the OGRA letter of which copy is exclusively available with Pakistan Observer: “It is requested that cabinet division may be please approached for revision of with the view to reflect the decision taken in the ECC meeting i.e. OGRA will adjust the extra OMC’s margin on petroleum products, if any, through IFEM mechanism with the view to pass on the benefit of deregulation to the consumers”.

Govt firm on achieving energy security: PM From Page 1 Ishq-e-Rasool (PBUH). However, he was pleased to see the youth who were repairing the damage caused by unruly protesters in the country. Pakistan once again condemned the video and urged the United Nations to formulate strict laws for punishing those who try to damage sanctity of other religions. The President of Pakistan raised the issue at the UN General Assembly last night, the Prime Minister added. The Prime Minister also expressed his grief over the loss of lives in the worst ever industrial disaster in the country. He said that compensatory cheques of four hundred thousand each for the diseased and one hundred thousand each for the injured of

the fire incident were distributed by him. The Prime Minister appreciated the efforts of the Minister for Religious Affairs for making excellent Hajj arrangements during the last year and introducing a new and hi-tech tracking system for tracing elderly Pakistan hajjis during the forthcoming Hajj. He expressed the hope that this year too, the Hajj arrangements will also be excellent. He directed that the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting should highlight the excellent Hajj arrangements made by the Ministry of Religious Affairs. The Cabinet accorded approval to start negotiations with the Russian Federation for con-

clusion of agreement on mutual cooperation between the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Law and Justice of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. It also accorded approval to start negotiations and signing of MoU between Tunisian Institute of Agricultural Research and Higher Education (IRESA) and Pakistan Agricultural Research Council. The MoU aims to enhance scientific and technical cooperation in agriculture sector. The Cabinet accorded its approval to sign agreement on promotion and protection of investment with Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) Member States.

Dawood group poised From Back Page shareholding in HUBCO have not filed for nomination and supporting Dawood Group it is learnt. However, both Fauji Foundation and MCB Bank have filed nomination for one seat each on the BoD and both of them are likely to succeed in the meeting of the share holders. However National Bank of Pakistan (NBP), a public sector

MQM takes back MQM boycotts Cabinet ultimatum on meeting Zardari’s assurance From Page 1 From Page 1

three-day ultimatum to its coalition partner, Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) of fulfilling its ‘legitimate’ demands. President Zardari talked to MQM chief Altaf Hussain over telephone and assured him on fulfilling all valid demands of the government’s ally. MQM on Monday had given Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) a three-day ultimatum to fulfill their demands. The statement, issued by the Rabita Committee after its meeting held simultaneously in London and Karachi, had said that working in coalition with the PPP has become impossible as despite repeated assurances it has failed to meet their demands.

surcharges. However, after the decision of ECC, instead of extending the relief of Rs0.05-0.12 per liter to diesel consumers, the oil marketing companies will surrender their additional margin to the federal government. The OGRA while objecting to the decision of ECC has written a letter to Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources saying that the relief of Rs0.05-0.12 per liter was factually to be given to diesel consumers as per the summary forwarded to ECC, but the reversed decision was issued. In the letter to ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources,

three-day ultimatum to the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) government to meet its legitimate demands or it would part its ways within three days. The MQM did not formally announce a boycott of the meeting but the absence of its ministers was a clear indication that the Karachi-based party was still sticking to its demands with regard to Sindh People’s Local Government Ordinance (SPLGO). The special cabinet meeting was convened to discuss energy crisis gripping the country. A special committee was to brief the cabinet meeting regarding the measures to get rid of the energy crisis.—INP

bank with a large shareholding in Hubco, has not fielded any candidate. Interestingly, State Life Insurance Corporation, another public sector entity has nominated a candidate. On the back of this important development on HUBCO front there is a strong possibility of change in senior management ranks following a reconstitution of BoD however changes in man-

agement or sponsors in Hubco is unlikely to alter the terms of Power Purchase Agreement with the government. Under the long-term contract, Hubco will continue to act as O&M contractor for the1200 MW Hub plant as the current contract expires in 2017 while TNB of Malaysia will keep on operating and maintain Narowal plant of 213 MW.


SAARC approves resolution against blasphemous movie M ALE —Interior Ministers’ wards, Federal Interior Minister, address, Waheed Deen said that Conference held under the umbrella of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) has approved a resolution against the blasphemous American movie. Federal Interior Minister Rehman Malik presented the resolution at the fifth meeting of the SAARC Home/Interior Ministers, which was inaugurated by Maldives Vice President Mohamed Waheed Deen at Bandos Island Resort, denouncing the movie. In the resolution, Rehman Malik demanded of all the MusOutlaws held lim countries to frame laws for stopping blasphemy, as it harms PESHAWAR—Capital City the spirit of inter-faith harmony. Police claimed on WednesHe condemned the inflamday to have arrested 56 matory movie on behalf of the outlaws during raids conducted in various areas of DHAKA: Protesters chanting slogans at a rally against anti-Islam movie at Chawkbazar area. Police stopped an attempt whole Muslim Ummah demanding action against those committhe city. According to police, by protesters to besiege the US embassy. ting blasphemy. a series of raids was Talking to the governmentconducted in different areas run television channel afterof provincial metropolis and its outskirts under the supervision of SSP City. Police arrested 56 anti social STAFF REPORTER elements and seized eight pistols, two Kalashnikovs, ISLAMABAD—The All Parties 8.5 Kg hashish and 17 bottles Conference held in Islamabad NEW YORK—Foreign Minisof liquor from their posseson Wednesday to show love for ter Hina Rabbani Khar raised the sion. Police have registered Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) cases against outlaws and threatened to stop the Nato sup- LAHORE/ISLAMABAD— start its Waziristan march from cause there were new faces sit- issue of cross border infiltration and shelling in a meeting with started investigation. —APP ply to US troops in Afghanistan ting on the stage. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Oct 6, from Islamabad. if the Pakistan government fails Chairman Imran Khan on He said that a US university Shireen Mazari said that Afghan Foreign Minister Zalmay taking action against the anti- Wednesday said that some people has supported his view of drone when Imran Khan had estab- Rassoul on Tuesday on the sideBomb hoax panic inIslam lines of the United Nations Genfilm within three days. are leaving his party and would targeting civilians in Pakistan’s lished party in 1996 he visited her MULTAN—A bomb hoax In a statement, the confer- keep doing so in the near future tribal region and proving coun- residence and invited her to join eral Assembly (UNGA). created panic among According to a press release ence said that an OIC meeting as they were “opportunists” and terproductive. party, adding that She had asemployees of different issued by the Pakistan UN Misshould be called on the film and PTI’s old guards are wary of Meanwhile, Pakistan sured him to join party when she offices situated near Kalma delegations from religious and them. Speaking at a press con- Tehreek-e-Insaf’s (PTI) Central would enter electoral politics. sion, the two foreign ministers chowk here on Wednesday. political parties should be sent ference here, Imran Khan said Vice President Dr Shireen She said that when President reviewed progress on the AfAccording to Chehlic Police, to various Muslim countries. ghanistan-Pakistan Transit Trade that joining and leaving of indi- Mazari announced her decision Zardari removed her from Instilocal people informed police It noted that if the United viduals would not affect PTI as of resigning from the party on tute of Policy Studies, she went Agreement (APTTA) and exthat an unclaimed bag laied Nations Security Council fails in straight to Imran and joined PTI, pressed the commitment of their near State Bank Building, a making a law against blas- it would win election on ideologi- Wednesday. Refusing to give an explanaadding that she had not de- respective governments to fully hub of different departments phemy, then should leave the cal basis. He, however, said that implement the agreement. — including PCGA, Chamber of UN and form a separate ‘Mus- those who left his party had not tion over her statement, Mazari manded any party post. Agencies decided to quit the party – a deShe said that initially one joined any other party. “Our ideoCommerece and Industry, lim United Nations,’ the state- logical workers are not ready to cision which she announced at a and half year was very good, all APP office, Arts Council, ment added. tolerate ‘opportunists’ in the press conference at National the people had used to work colRescue 1122 and other Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI- party”, he added. Press Club, Islamabad. She said lectively and there might be difoffices. The police and F) chief Maulana Fazlur that after the Lahore gathering of ference of opinion but there was The PTI chief said that his teams from civil defence Rehman, while addressing the party was battling with two me- PTI there would have been no no problem, adding that after department rushed to the conference, said that hurting the dia cells of Punjab and federal need of so called electables, add- Lahore public gathering, the PTI site and cordoned off the sentiments of humanity in the governments. ing that the time of PTI had come has become hierarchy party. She areas and stopped movename of freedom of speech is He vowed that his party for winning polls. She said that said that the differences with Imran I SLAMABAD —The Supreme ment of vehicles. Team against human rights. would make Pakistan a welfare after the Lahore the gathering of started after the joining of landlords Court Wednesday ordered for checked the bag and found immediate re-instatement and state. He said that the PTI would Karachi was totally changed be- and opportunists.—SANA medicines in it. The civil posting in FIA of the suspended defence cleared the site. —APP police officer Hussain Asghar, who earlier was investigating into the Hajj corruption scandal. Modern education The three-member bench imperative headed by the Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry FAISALABAD—The promowas hearing the Hajj corruption tion of modern education is STAFF REPORTER scandal case. imperative for progress and L AHORE—A full bench of the petition. The fifth member of the nounced by the federal governFIA Director (legal) told the prosperity of the country, said ISLAMABAD—A consultative Lahore High Court would resume bench, Justice Syed Mansoor Ali ment to observe Youm-e-Ishq-emeeting of political leadership proceedings on contempt of court Shah, is on leave for the last two Rasool (PBUH). He requested court that former Gilgit Baltistan Chairman Pasban IT Group convened by the Election Com- petitions against President Ali hearings. Major (retd) Shahnawajul that as the case is of great impor- IG Hussain Asghar was susmission is being held today Zardari for not surrendering PPP Hassan.After distributing Munir Ahmad, the petitioner, tance, it should be heard in the pended and a departmental ac(Thursday) to devise a conduct co-chairmanship. books, uniforms and other through his counsel Muhammad coming week. The bench tion was underway against him, while a new Gilgit Baltistan IG of conduct and ensure holding items among students of A larger bench, comprising of Azhar Siddique submitted that the on September 5 issued a fresh has been posted.—INP of free and transparent elections. LHC Chief Justice Umar Ata hearing of contempt petition notice to President Zardari Government MC Girls High The meeting will be chaired Bandial, Justice Nasir Saeed against President Zardari had been through his principal secretary and School Peoples colony under by Chief Election Commis- Sheikh, Justice Sheikh Najamul fixed for September 21 but the sought a reply for not abiding the Pasban Welfare Society here sioner Rtd Justice Fakhruddin G Hassan and Justice Ijazul Ahsan larger bench could not take up the court order to relinquish his poon Wednesday, he said education was a basic right of Ibrahim and expected to be at- would hear the contempt of court case due to public holiday an- litical office. —SANA each child and every person tended by leaders of fifteen poof society should play his role litical parties. The parties invited to the in imparting education to meeting include PPP (Parliachildren. —APP mentarians), PML-N, Jamaate-Islami, ANP, PTI, Police BNP(Mengal), BNP(Awami), Jamhoori Wattan Party, performance JUI(F), MQM, National Party, I SLAMABAD —The Federal tax from these accounts. step was taken after PCB igATTOCK—Additional IG PML(F), PML(Q), Peoples Board of Revenue (FBR) on According to the FBR nored all tax notices. The acTraffic Police Punjab Syed Party(Sherpao) and Wednesday froze the accounts of sources, PCB had to pay with- counts will be restored after the Qalb-e-Abbas said on Pakhtoonkhwa Milli Awami deduction of withholding tax, Wednesday that all out Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) holding tax of Rs30 million. Party. The officials said that the the officials added.—INP efforts are being made to for the recovery of withholding improve the performance of traffic police to facilitate the people. Addressing a meeting of traffic police officials here, he said that police personnel were performing their duties vigilantly to enhance the credibility of the department. SP traffic Muhammad Shoaib, DSP Traffic Muhammad Riaz Hussain and DSP Raja Nisar Ahmadinejad said. N E W Y O R K —Scathing school kids throughout the attack. Ahmad also attended the “Any nation has the right He said the group hopes to America for its “bullying” world have understood that the meeting.IG said the children and “commanding” policy, United States government is and will indeed defend herself,” get government and the oppoof martyr police personnels Iranian President Mahmoud following an international Ahmadinejad said speaking on sition to sit across from each would be provided facilities Ahmadinejad said that a new policy of bullying. They com- CNN’s “Piers Morgan To- other. including education, health Activists say nearly 30,000 world order should emerge, mand from behind the micro- night.” and shelter. —APP “Why should the world be people have died in the Syrian putting end to “the system of phone. They command and impose their wills on how things managed in such a way that an uprising that began in the empires”. Deprived individual can allow himself to March 2011. Speaking in an interview should be done,” he said. Ahmadinejad pitched for a threaten a rich and deeply Earlier this month, Egypon the sidelines of the UN of cash General Assembly, new world order saying, “I do rooted historical, ancient coun- tian president Mohammed MULTAN—Three swindlers Morsi announced the formation Ahmadinejad touched upon believe the system of empires try such as Iran?” he said. deprived a man of cash near Speaking on Syria, he said of a four-member contact group various issues like solutions has reached the end of the road. here on Wednesday. According for Syria and Iran’s nuclear The world can no longer see an Iran was one of nearly a dozen with Iran, Turkey and Saudi to police, Muhammad Sajjad emperor commanding it”. countries forming a new con- Arabia. But Saudi Arabia so far programme. was on his way to General Bus “Bullying must come to an tact group to try to end the 18- has not participated. Lashing out at the United Stand when three swindlers, It was unclear how States, Ahmadinejad alleged end. Occupation must come to month-old civil war in the including Murtaza, Afzal and strife-ridden nation. Ahmadinejad’s contact group that America followed a an end,” he added. Iqbal, served him food. After He also dismissed doubts The group would include would combine with the earlier policy of commanding and it, he fell unconscious and the bullying and that it must come cast on Iranian nuclear ambi- ’10 or 11 countries in the effort by Morsi or mediating efaccused took away Rs 440,000 to an end. tions and said that Iran was able Middle East and elsewhere and forts of international envoy in cash. Police have registered “Now even elementary to defend itself in case of any meet in New York “very soon,” Lakhdar Brahimi.—Online a case. —APP

APC threatens to block Nato supply

PTI old guards not tolerating ‘opportunists’: Imran

Rehman Malik noted Pakistan is the only country that raised voice against the movie on the platform of United Nations. Meanwhile, Ways to combat terrorism, piracy and trafficking in narcotics today came up for discussion among Interior and Home Ministers of the eightmember SAARC grouping in their crucial meeting at a Maldivian resort. Cyber crimes, trafficking in women and children in South Asia and mutual assistance in criminal matters were other issues discussed at the fifth meeting of the SAARC Home/Interior Ministers, which was inaugurated by Maldives Vice President Mohamed Waheed Deen at Bandos Island Resort. Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde, who arrived here on Monday, represented India at the crucial meet. In his inaugural

SAARC was embarking on highlighting one of the most important issues that face all the nations of the world — its security. “Security today, internal and external, is most important, especially in the high seas. Security of each nation is extremely important for their independence and to remain as a sovereign state. T Therefore this meeting of Ministers of Interior and Home is very crucial at this moment, when the whole world is in turmoil,” he said. He also drew attention of the delegates to the “serious threats” faced by the Maldives like piracy, drug smuggling, human trafficking and terrorism and hoped that solutions would be found. Maldives had hosted the 17th SAARC summit in November last year. The Home Ministers’ meeting reviewed the progress in implementation of the decisions arrived at during their last meeting.—Online

HIna meets Afghan FM

Shireen Mazari quits party

SC orders reinstatement of Hussain Asghar

Political parties meet CEC today

LHC to resume contempt case against Zardari today

PCB’s bank accounts frozen over tax non-payment

American ‘bullying’ must give way to new world order: Ahmadinejad

Dawood group poised to takeover Hubco AMANULLAH KHAN KARACHI—Dawood Group, one of the top business houses in Pakistan, is well poised to become the major stake holder in Hub Co , 1200MW power plant when a high-profile Annual General Meeting (AGM) meets to elect new Board of Directors (BoD) here today . It will not be out of place to mention there that after the exit of two founding sponsors from Hubco during financial year 2012 which included Xenel Group and International Power, the election of BoD had assumed added importance. A total of 16 candidates have filed for nomination for 12 seats as per a company’s notice to

Karachi Stock Exchange. It is important to note that for one seat on BoD, 8.3% stake is required. Prominent among the candidates in the run for BOD, Dawood Group apparently is in a position to secure at least 50% of the seats and with the possible support from like-minded investors strong possibilities are there of obtaining its majority in BoD It may be mentioned that Dawood Group has filed for a total of 10 seats out of 12 available seats and 16 candidates. The group is poised to obtain majority on the board either on its own or with the support of friendly investors. It is interesting to note that some of the institutions with large

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Exercise protects heart from injury

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STUDY has found new evidence that the nitric oxide generated dur ing physical exercise protects the heart from injury. Researchers at Emory University School of Medicine have identified the ability of the heart to produce and store nitric oxide as an important way in which exercise protects the heart from injury. Nitric oxide, a shortlived gas generated within the body, turns on chemical pathways that relax blood vessels to increase blood flow and activate survival pathways. Both the chemical nitrite and nitrosothiols, where nitric oxide is attached to proteins via sulfur, appear to act as convertible reservoirs for nitric oxide in situations where the body needs it, such as a lack of blood flow or oxygen. The Emory team‘s study strengthens the case for nitrite and nitrosothiols as possible protectants from the damage of a heart attack. The authors are John Calvert, PhD., assistant professor of surgery at Emory University School of Medicine, and David Lefer, PhD, professor of surgery at Emory University School of Medicine and director of the Cardiothoracic Research Laboratory at Emory University Hospital Midtown. “Our study provides new evidence that nitric oxide generated during physical ex-

ercise is actually stored in the bloodstream and heart in the form of nitrite and nitrosothiols,” Lefer said. “These more stable nitric oxide intermediates appear to be critical for the cardioprotection against a subsequent heart attack,” he stated. The researchers found that voluntary exercise boosted levels of an enzyme that produces nitric oxide (eNOS, endothelial nitric oxide synthase). Moreover, the levels of eNOS in heart tissue, and nitrite and nitrosothiols in the blood as well as heart tissue, stayed high for a week after exercise ceased, unlike other heart enzymes stimulated by exercise. The protective effects of exercise did not extend beyond four weeks after the exercise period was over, however, when nitrite and nitrosothiols in the heart returned to baseline. Another molecule that appears to be important for the benefits of exercise is the beta-3-adrenergic receptor, which allows cells to respond to the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine. Additional animal studies are currently underway in Lefer‘s lab to determine the potential benefit of beta-3-adrenergic receptor activating drugs following a heart attack. The findings have been published online in the journal Circulation Research.

ISLAMABAD: CDA workers set on fire dry grass causing environmental pollution, in F-7/1.

China donates $50,000 for flood affectees I SLAMABAD —Chinese Ambassador, Liu Jian called on Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Nawabzada Malik Amad Khan here on Wednesday and sympathized on the recent devastation caused by the tragic floods in Pakistan. He handed over a cheque amounting to US $ 50,000, donated by the Red Crescent Society of China.—APP

RAWALPINDI: Dr Purnomo Yusgiantoro, Defence Minister of Indonesia calls on General Khalid Shameem Wynne, Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.

Indonesian Defence Minister calls on CJCSC R AWALPINDI —Dr Purnomo Chiefs of Staff Committee.

Later on Brigadier Jassim Yusgiantoro, Defence Minister of Indonesia called on Mohammad Al-Ansari, ComGeneral Khalid Shameem mander of Kuwait Naval Wynne, Chairman Joint Forces also called on General

Khalid Shameem Wynne, CJCSC. During the meetings matters related to mutual interests came under discussion.—Online

PAL announces ‘Kamal-e-Fun Award’ for Bano Qudsia I SLAMABAD —The Pakistan “Dil Je Daftar Maan”, Dr. Allama Muhamamd Iqbal Brahui on his book “Allah Academy of Letters here Wednesday announced Kamal-e-Fun Award for the year 2010 to Mrs. Bano Qudsia. Kamal-e-Fun Award is the highest literary award in the field of literature for recognition of lifetime’s achievement in creative and research work. In a Press Conference, Chairman Pakistan Academy of Letters, Abdul Hameed also announced National Literary Awards for the year 2009 & 2010. According to decision of panel of judges for National Literary Award 2009, Dr. Allama Muhamamd Iqbal Award for Urdu Poetry is given to Aftab Iqbal Shamim on his book “Main Nazm Likhta Hoon”, Baba-e-Urdu Molvi Abdul Haq Award for Urdu Prose is given to Mahmood Ahmad Qazi on his book “Saltant”, Syed Waris Shah Award for Punjabi Language is given to Farkhanda Lodhi on her book “Jand Da Angiar”, Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai Award for Sindhi Language is given to Qazi Khadim on his book

Khushhall Khan Khattak Award for Pashto Language is given to Ameenullah Daudzai on his book “Sa Ajaba Hadesa Da”, Mast Tawakli Award for Balochi Language is given to Munir Ahmad Badini on his book “Qarnani Qahreen Dukh”, Khwaja Ghulam Farid Award for Saraiki Language is given to Sabir Chishti on his book “Jeewan Utam Jog”, Taj Muhammad Tajal Award for Brahui language is given to Nadir Shahwarri on his book “Nazal”, Saeen Akhtar Ali Award for Hindko Language is given to Bashir Ahmad Soz on his book “Soch Munare”, Patras Bukhari Award for English Language is given to Shaila Abdullah on her book “Saffron Dreams”, Muh-amamd Hasan Askari Award for Best Translation work is given to Ameena Azfar on her book “Urdu Short Stories”. According to decision of panel of judges for National Literary Award 2010,

Award for Urdu Poetry is given to Faisal Ajmi on his book “Darwesh”, Baba-eUrdu Molvi Abdul Haq Award for Urdu Prose is given to Afzal Tauseef on her book “Kia Zamane They; Kia Log They”, Syed Waris Shah Award for Punjabi Language is given to Roy Muhammad Khan Nasir on his book “Hirkh”, Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai Award for Sindhi Language is given to Dr. Muhammad Ali Manjhi on his book “Sufi Shah Inayat Shaheed ain Sandas Silsley Ja Shair”, Khushhall Khan Khattak Award for Pashto Language is given to Saeed Gauhar on his book “Pa Obo Ke Tage”, Mast Tawakli Award for Balochi Language is given to Munir ahmad Badini on his book “Hazareen Pasani Shap”, Khwaja Ghulam Farid Award for Saraiki Language is given to Habib Mohana on his book “Allah Lahesee Moonjhan”,Taj Muhammad Tajal Award for Brahui language is given to Johar

Akbar”, Patras Bukhari Award for English Language is given to Ejaz Rahim on his book “Safwat Ghayoour And Other Poems”, and to Khaled Ahmad on his book “Word For Word”.—INP

Capoeira classes at Brazilian Embassy STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD —The Brazilian Embassy in Islamabad is offering free of charge capoeira classes taking place at the Embassy. Capoeira is a Brazilian art form which combines music, wrestling sport, dance, rhythm, song & movement in forming a community based martial art. This is one of the best preserved heritages of the African diasporas in Brazil. Classes will start October 2nd and take place on Tuesdays and Thursdays (from 5pm to 7pm) for adults and on Sundays for children (from 4 to 6 p.m.), all at the Embassy of Brazil (F-8/3, street 72, House 1).

National Day of Saudi Arabia

Pak-Saudi relations are based on bedrock of Islamic solidarity Unshakeable commitment to unity of Muslim Ummah; Kingdom to standby Pakistan through thick and thin: Abdul Aziz Al-Ghadeer; Grand gala exploded with friendship colours LIAQAT TOOR

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DAY of rejoicing of the closest friend and brother of Pakistan – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia landed in Islamabad on Tuesday with grand gala exploding with Pak-Saudi friendship colours. The evening transformed into day when the lawns in the compound of Saudi embassy glittered with festive lightings, photos and buntings, traditional music and cultural displays when the Saudi ambassador to Pakistan Abdul Aziz Ibrahim Saleh AlGhadeer hosted a grand reception to celebrate 82nd National Day of the Kingdom. The guests over one thousand hailing from different parts of Pakistan including Government Ministers, politicians from different shades of political opinion, members of diplomatic corps particular ambassadors and High Commissioners from Islamic countries, parliamentarians, scholars, educationists, businessmen, ex-army officers, retired civil servants and mediamen jam-packed the lush green lawns. Prime Minister Raja Parvez

Ashraf’s presence as Chief Guest on the occasion reflected the closeness of ties between both the countries. Federal Ministers Khursheed Shah, Firdous Ashiq Awan, Chief Minister

Punjab Shahbaz Sharif, Liaqat Baloch, Jehangir Badr and LT. Gen (Retd) Hamid Gul were among the eminent personalities who shared joys with the Saudi ambassador on the occasion.

The prolific ambassador Abdul Aziz Al-Ghadeer walked up to each and every guest and exchanged greetings with him. After arrival of the Chief Guest, national an-

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf, Ambassador of Saudi Arabia Dr Abdul Aziz Al Ghadeer, Federal Minister for Regulation Services Dr Firdous Ashiq Awan and Ambassador of Bahrain Mohamed Ebrahim Mohamed standing in respect of the national anthem during a ceremony to celebrate the National Day of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir

thems of both the countries were played. Ceremonial cake was cut by the ambassador who was joined by the Prime Minister and others amidst applause by the guests. Children belonging to both the countries attired in traditional dresses sang national songs joined by a group of Saudis holding words, a beautiful display of cultural values of the sacred land. A camp on the lawn with Saudis sitting inside with dates and other traditional food stuff was a site to watch. It reflected sweet culture of men of desert who sprang into action some fourteen hundred years ago and spread message of Islam in far flung areas. Traditional Pakistani and Saudi dishes were served to the guests along with dates on the occasion. The screens installed on the lawns beamed socioeconomic life of Saudi Arabia which has won eighth position in the ten highest growing economies of the world. Pak-Saudi ties in diverse fields are exemplary. Saudi commitments to Pakistan and Muslim Ummah are

unshakeable. Saudi ambassador in his message on the occasion has said the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Islamabad renews the commitment of the people and Government of the Kingdom to stand by their Pakistani b r e t h r e n through thick and thin. Since independence, the Saudi support to Pakistan, especially to the people in need is unforgettable. Even before independence, Saudi support to creation of Pakistan is known to everybody. The Custodian of Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz AlSaud and Crown Prince Salman Bin Abdul Aziz AlSaud have special love for Pakistan and its people. Geographical proximity and religious affinity have also transformed into strong economic and trade links between them. These links are progressing with each day passing. Both countries are trusted friends and their brotherly ties are model in the world.


COMSATS awarded medal

Zohr

05:20 01:30 05:00

Coop with ISESCO for science-led dev initiatives STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Marking its

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September 27 A MUSICAL evening would be held at Lok Virsa at 7:30 pm. Famous classical singer Rafaqat Ali Khan would perform. Federal Minister for National Heritage Samina Khalid Ghurki would be the chief guest on this musical ceremony. ***** ‘KALEIDOSCOPE by sunlight’ a solo show of paintings of a renowned Pakistani painter Ghulam Mustafa shall be opening at 5 pm at Gallery 6, F-8/3. The Ambassador of the Arab Republic of Egypt Said Hindam shall grave the occasion and cut the ribbon to inaugurate the exhibition. September 28

30th anniversary, the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) awarded the Commission on Science and Technology for Sustainable development in the South (COMSATS) the ‘ISESCO Medal’ on September 26, 2012. COMSATS has been awarded this Medal in recognition of cooperation with ISESCO for science-led development initiatives, since 2004. This collaboration includes scientific capacitybuilding events, information exchange and development of a web-portal, the Islamic World Science Net (www.iwsn.info). The Medal was awarded in a small ceremony held at COMSATS Secretariat, Islamabad. On behalf of ISESCO, the Deputy Direc-

***** PAKISTAN National Council of the Arts in collaboration with Asian Study Group has scheduled a multi media presentation Balochistan the other Side narrative of history, culture, costumes and travel by Naheed Jafri Azfar at 6:00pm at PNCA auditorium F-5/1. October 02 THE Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabad is organising a seminar on ‘Pakistan in the era of turbulent diplomacy,’ a book authored by Dr Samiullah Koreshi at 11:30 pm at its premises, F-5/2 October 6 THE report on Devolution and Social Development by Social Policy and Development Centre will be launched on Saturday 6 th October 2012, at 02:30 p.m at Marriot hotel Islamabad. The report looks into the various aspects of the implementation issues of the 18th constitutional amendment including the emerging issues.

Illegal constructions in slums of G-7 sector ISLAMABAD—Construction of illegal houses and huts in the slums (katchi abadis) of G-7 Sector of the federal capital is on the rise with alleged connivance of the Enforcement Division of the Capital Development Authority (CDA) officials. The residents of the neighboring areas showed their grave concerns over the issue as the increasing population of the slums is a great risk for their security. As there is no record of the new illegal constructions, anti-social elements could use these as their hiding places.Talking to INP, the citizens residing in G-7 said that some persons were constructing houses and hut at the CDA’s land in the sector with the involvement of the CDA staff.They demanded of Chairman CDA, Farkhand Iqbal to demolish the illegal huts and houses in the area and take strict action against the CDA employees involved in backing such constructions.—INP

under his able leadership. Accepting the award, Dr. Qureshi thanked ISESCO for its generous recognition of COMSATS’ efforts and noted that COMSATS has organized 15 scientific activities during the last five years in collaboration with ISESCO that benefited researchers and policy-makers belonging to 26 developing countries. He lauded the hard work and dedication of the small team of COMSATS Secretariat, to whom, he believed, the Medal really belongs. The Medal awarded to COMSATS has given a boost to the already thriving working relations of the two organizations. During 2012 alone, 3 collaborative events have been organized by the two organizations in Malaysia, Jordan ISLAMABAD: Deputy Director General ISESCO Dr Mukhtar Ahmed presenting medal to the Executive Director and Bangladesh, while 2 COMSATS Dr Imtinan Elahi Qureshi at a ceremony held at COMSATS Secretariat. more have been lined up for Tunisia and Malaysia.

Kuwait Naval Chief visits Naval Headquarters CITY REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Brig

Gen Jassim Mohammd Al-Ansari, Commander of Kuwait Naval Forces visits Naval Headquarters today on Wednesday. Upon arrival at Naval Headquarters, the Commander of Kuwait Naval Forces was received by Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral Mohammad Asif Sandila. A contingent of Pakistan Navy, clad in ceremonial dress, presented him the Guard of ***** A ROUNDTABLE seminar Honour. The visiting dignitary was then introduced to titled ‘Takaful: Evolution Principal Staff Officers (PSOs) and current status in Pakistan’ is being held at Institute of Policy Studies, 1 Street # 8, F-6/3, Islamabad at 3 pm. LITERARY organisation Imkan and Pakistan Academy of Letters have jointly organised the launching ceremony of DARYAB, the first poetry book of prominent poet Wafa Chishti at Pakistani Academy Hall at 3:30 pm. Iftikhar Arif will preside over the function while Sibtain Shahjahani will be the chief guest.

tor General ISESCO, Dr. Mukhtar Ahmed, presented the medal to the Executive Director COMSATS, Dr. Imtinan Elahi Qureshi. Apart from the senior officials of COMSATS Secretariat; the representatives of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of Pakistan; COMSATS Institute of Information Technology; COMSATS Internet Services; and media representatives attended the ceremony. Speaking on the occasion, Dr. Mukhtar and Dr. Qureshi appreciated the support of the Government of Pakistan and its Ministry of Science and Technology for supporting the two organizations. Awarding the gold medal to the Executive Director COMSATS, Dr. Mukhtar noted with great appreciation the scientific initiatives taken by COMSATS Secretariat

at Naval Headquarters. Later, Brig Gen Jassim, called on Chief of the Naval Staff in his office, where he held detailed discussion on professional matters with his counterpart. A comprehensive brief on PN Role in Regional Maritime Security Situation and Operational developments was also given to the visiting dignitary. The visiting dignitary is on a second leg of his tour and had earlier visited PN units and installations at Karachi. Brig Gen Jassim will also call on the Minister of Defence, Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, MD Bahria Foundation &

Commandant Pakistan Navy War College at Lahore. The Brig Gen Jassim Muhammad Al-Ansari joined Kuwait Naval Forces in 1977. Besides commanding the Kuwait Naval Forces, he has had the privilege to hold a number of Command and Staff appointments including Command of Kuwait Navy Patrol & Missiles Boats, Flotilla Commander, Squadron Commander, Naval Attaché Australia and Operations Director. The honorable dignitary Brig Gen Jassim Muhammad Al-Ansari is a graduate of Pakistan Naval Academy.

RBISE to announce HSSC results on Oct 1

R AWALPINDI —Like other boards of Punjab, Rawalpindi Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (RBISE) would announce the results of Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC) part -1 examination on October 1. According to the board sources, the result preparations have entered its final stage. 59,000 candidates applied for the examination this rear from the board and around 58,000 candidates appeared in the exams. It is relevant to mention here that, according to the board rules and regulations, no candidate is declared failed in the exams and all of them are promoted to part2.—INP

Metric Supple exams from Oct 3, Inter Nov 6

R AWALPINDI —The supplementary examination of Metric will start from October 3 while the examination of Intermediate will start from November 6, under The Intermediate and Secondary Education Board Rawalpindi. Spokesperson of the board Arsalan Ali Cheemah said that all the arrangements have been finalized for the annual examination of Matriculation. And date-sheets and roll numbers would be issued to the students this ISLAMABAD: Minister for Defence, Syed Naveed Qamar presenting a shield to Com- week, he added. mander Kuwait Naval Forces, Brigadier Jassim Mohammad Al-Ansari. He said that all the centers have been arranged for the Metric supply examination, while the enrolment for the annual examination of F.A is underway.—Online

Women empowerment

UNIDO, UN women sign letter of intent for increasing opportunities STAFF REPORTER I S L A M A B A D —The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) on Wednesday signed a Letter of Intent (LOI) to develop a common approach for better coordination and cooperation to work effectively on advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment in Pakistan. This initiative will support the Government of Pakistan in increasing women’s economic empowerment opportunities. This joint collaboration will work to strengthen women’s economic capacities wherever their rights are violated their opportunities are suppressed and their contributions to the economy are ignored, UN Women and UNIDO under this LOI, will also provide technical assistance to Federal and Provincial departments working for women development and will

ensure enhanced coordination with multi stakeholders including the UN system, Civil Society, microfinance institutions and the private sector to improve women’s access to economic opportunities. On this occasion, Ms. Alice Shackelford, Country Director, UN Women said, “both UNIDO and UN Women have been working on the issues of women’s economic empowerment to bring change in the lives of women and girls”. She emphasized that UN Women works for the elimination of discrimination against women and girls, the empowerment of women, and the achievement of equality between women and men as partners in development, human rights, humanitarian action and peace and security. Ms. Shadia Bakhait, UNIDO Representative shared that UNIDO has been working towards improving the quality of life of the world’s poor by drawing on its combined global resources and expertise. She

said that a “competitive and environmentally sustainable industry has a crucial role to play in accelerating economic growth, reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). She emphasized, that in doing so, UNIDO has been working on bringing gender parity in the industrial sector by making it more inclusive for women. In order to strengthen its mandate, UNIDO is joining hands with UN Women to augment future interventions and maximize outcomes. Both Heads of UN Agencies indicated combined efforts towards further enhancing advocacy initiatives for development of the women of Pakistan which includes safeguarding the rights of women, uplifting their status and amplifying gender related issues in policies and relevant programmes. This initiative will also be a step towards, working on capacity enhancement of women in commerce, trade and production.

Performance of students mesmerizes audience in RAC drama competition

R AWALPINDI —In inter col- the writer tried to deliver a tablishment of Pakistan to leges and universities drama competition in connection with Punjab Youth Festival, the performance of Government Degree College for Women B-Block, Rawalpindi and Sangum Art Academy mesmerized the audience here on Wednesday. The students of Government Degree College for Women B-Block, Rawalpindi staged their drama with the title of “Khawab Marte Nahin” which was written & directed by Irram Mumtaz. Education was chosen as subject of the drama in which

message that the education is the sole way to get progress. It was also shown that no hindrance comes if someone has passion to get education. The second drama, presented by Sangum Art Academy, Rawalpindi, “Kikar ke Kanton se Kahota Tak” was written by Iqbal Tabassum and directed by Ejaz Baig. The main theme of the drama was the struggle for the establishment of Pakistan that how Muslims faced hardships during struggle for independent country. The period from es-

attainting atomic power was shown beautifully by the artistes. Yar Muhammad, Basharat Jaffari and Salman Tahir Shah were the judges for drama competition. A large number of people from Rawalpindi, Islamabad watched the drama and applauded the efforts of Rawalpindi Arts Council for conducting mega event. They were of the view that festival is not only providing an opportunity to young talent for proving their abilities but also a good and informatics activity for general public.—INP

Operation against adulterated milk launched R AWALPINDI —In order to

ensure availability of hygienic edibles, District Coordination Officer (DCO) Saqib Zaffar has directed the health department officials to launch grand operation against trade of adulterated milk in the garrison city. DCO Saqib Zaffar directed EDO (Health) Dr Zaffar Iqbal Gondal to launch operation against those involved in the trade of adulterated milk. Acting upon directives, a team under the supervision of Dr Zaffar Iqbal, DHO Dr Ansar Ishaq along with food inspectors Tanveer Butt and Malik Usman paid surprise visits to milk sellers in Joharabad, Mohalla Muslim High School, National Market, B and EBlock including other adjacent areas. Dozens of samples were collected for examination during operation and shopkeepers were asked to maintain adequate cleanliness at their shops. DHO Dr Ansar said that trade of substandard and adulterated milk, cooking oil, beverages and other food items would not be tolerated at any cost and warned strict action against RAWALPINDI: Activists of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, Women Wing, protesting against those found involved in the malpractice.—INP anti-Islam film.

ISLAMABAD: Ameer Jamaat-e-Islami Syed Munawar Hasan, JUI-F Chief Maulana Fazlur-Rehman, Qazi Hussain Ahmad, Hafiz Saeed, Sheikh Rashid Ahmad and others sitting on the stage during Qaumi Majlis-e-Mushawarat on Hurmat-e-Rasool at a local hotel.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir

City admin fails to control encroachments

19 more people arrested

I SLAMABAD —The capital R AWALPINDI —Despite the shops have grabbed parts of police on Wednesday arhigh claims of the TMA Rawal Town, encroachments could not be removed from the alternative route for the Sixth Road flyover and Mareer Chowk railway tunnel projects, what to talk about the encroachments in rest of the city. Talking to INP, residents of the areas said that traffic mess was already creating nuisance for the transporters and residents on Benazir Bhutto Road (Murree Road) and now as the traffic has been diverted to the alternative routes, traffic mess due to lack of proper action against the encroachments added to their miseries. The mess worsens in the morning and when schools close, causing gridlocks at chowks, especially Farooq Azam Chowk, which wastes a lot of their time, they added. Besides, motorcycle work-

BB Road near Liaquat Bagh and Committee Chowk, they said, adding the encroachments on Cricket Stadium Road are also putting question mark on the performance of the city administration. Moreover, the shopkeepers in the bazaars of the city, including Raja Bazaar, Circular Road, Iqbal Road, Dhok Khabba Road and Kuri Road have also occupied footpaths in front of their shops and the TMA Rawal Town staff is allegedly backing it, the residents said. When contacted, Administrator Rawal Town, Saif Anwar Jeppa said that Benazir Bhutto Road would not be blocked to some time. Farooq-e-Azam and Transformer chowks were very congested and had too many educational institutions, that’s why traffic got struck in the chowks, creating inconvenience for the citizens.—INP

rested at least 19 more suspected persons in connection with rampaged in Islamabad on Youm-e-Ishq-e- Rasool (PBUH) on Friday. According to police spokesman, police of Tarnol police station have apprehended at least nine people and police of Sabzi Mandi police station have arrested at least 10 people who rampaged public and private property during protest on Youm-e-Ishq-e- Rasool. He said that all suspected people were arrested after identification through CC TV footages, adding that police had already arrested at least 60 people in this regard through CCTV footages. The spokesman said that the police were continuing search and investigation for hunting further people who were involved in violent incidents.—INP


Indian President urged to consider Guru’s mercy plea S RINAGAR — The independent legislator from Langate Sheikh Abdur Rashid has said he will sit on a silent protest during President Pranab Mukherjee’s visit to the Valley on Thursday to draw his attention towards the mercy plea of alleged Parliament attack convict Afzal Guru. “I will go for a peaceful sit-in, on September 27 to draw President Pranab Mukherjee’s attention to accept clemency petition of Afzal Guru and release of Kashmiri youth detained in various jails throughout India since decades,” Rashid said in a statement issued here. He claimed that he had voted for Mukherjee in the presidential election as he had assured him of sympathetic consideration to accept Guru’s mercy petition. “Now that he is visiting the state as President of India, we want to remind him of his assurance and also to communicate him the voice of hearts of millions of Kashmiris that Guru should be released,” he said. Rashid, who had last year moved a clemency resolution for Guru in the state Assembly, said while he supported the release of Sarabjit Singh from a Pakistani jail, he also wanted the government to release Afzal Guru.

Guru’s mother dies S RINAGAR — In occupied Kashmir, mother of the innocent Kashmiri de-tained youth, Mohammad Afzal Guru breathed her last at her residence at Doabgaw in Sopore on Tuesday. Afzal Guru is facing death sentence in a fake case of attack on Indian Parliament in 2001. According to Kashmir Media Service, hundreds of people attended Namaz-e-Jinazah of Aisha Begum. She was 75. Meanwhile, various political and social organizations have condoled the demise and prayed for the departed soul.—KMS

JI AJK President Turabi visits Kashmir Centre London

Shutdown in Kashmir on Indian president’s visit today Students to boycott classes, lawyers to courts SRINAGAR—In occupied Kashmir, complete shutdown will be observed, tomorrow, to convey to the visiting Indian President, Pranab Mukherjee that the people of Kashmir reject India’s ille-gal occupation of their homeland. According to Kashmir Media Service, call for the strike has been given by the veteran

Kash-miri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani, supported by senior APHC leader, Shabbir Ahmad Shah and the Bar Association. In a statement issued in Srinagar, Syed Ali Gilani said that the Indian President, Pranab Mukherjee was visiting at a time when the Indian armed forces were engaged in the worst kind of human

rights violations including enforced disappearances of the Kashmiris. He pointed out that Pranab Mukherjee as the president was the Supreme Commander of the Indian rogue army. Pranab Mukherjee arrived in Srinagar, today, on a three-day visit to the territory to attend the convocation of Kashmir Univer-

The students, who announced to boycott classes and ob-serve the days of Mukherjee’s stay as black days, wore black badges and demonstrated black flags, today. The authorities placed Syed Ali Gilani, Shabbir Ahmad Shah and Muhammad Ashraf Sehrai under house arrest to prevent them from leading anti-India processions.

Scores of students and a journalist were injured when Indian police resorted to brute force on a peaceful protest demonstration of students in Srinagar, today. Meanwhile, the High Court Bar Association of occupied Kashmir has decided to boycott courts today on the Indian President, Pranab Mukherjeei’s visit to the territory

ATIQ UL AMIN KHAN M IRPUR —“The much-demanded necessary amendments should immediately be made in the interim Act – 1974, the constitution of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, without further loss of time to pave the way for the empowerment of the AJK government in true perspective”. This was strongly demanded by former speaker of Azad Jammu & Kashmir Legislative Assembly and Central Secretary General PML (N) AJK Chapter Shah Ghulam Qadir, while talking to mediamen at Dadayal near here late Tuesday. The seasoned Kashmiri politician said that the AJK Council (upper house of the AJK parliament), was perform-

ing as unbridled elephant vis-àvis dealing with the AJK affairs. “The powers of AJK Council should immediately be curtailed through the early introduction of much-demanded necessary amendments in Act – 1974, the interim constitution of Azad Jammu & Kashmir – to pave the way for the empowerment of the government of Azad Jammu Kashmir. The opposition leader alleged that AJK Council was mercilessly digesting the income generated from AJK territory worth millions of rupees mere for the nourishment of few of the top slots and the ruling elite. Shah Ghulam Qadir pointed out that the Prime Minister of Pakistan-led AJK Council removed the Chairman of AJK

Accountability Bureau Justice Husssain Mazher Kaleem after later tried to nab the AJK Council-controlled Income Tax and Excise and Sales Tax Department in AJK for their alleged massive corruption, malpractices and irregularities. He maintained that the AJK Council use to save its skin by raising the bogy of one pretext or the other. In this connection Qadir referred to the recent fact that when former Chairman AJK Accountability Bureau Justice Hussain moved to nab the AJK Council’s-run local Income Tax and Sales Tax department for alleged bungling of over Rs. 100 million, it (AJK Council) started raising that the Council and its departments do not fall in the domain of the AJK Ehtesab BuMUZAFFARABAD: Activites of PML-N hold placards during a protest demonstration in favur of their demands. reau for accountability.

JKPM condemns youth arrest, demand urgent release

Inhuman treatment to jailed Masarrat, Mushtaq denounced

JAMMU—In occupied Kashmir, the Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Movement (JKPM), a constituent of the All Partied Hurriyet Conference (APHC), has strongly condemned the arbitrary arrests of the youth across the Kashmir valley and demanded their immediate release. According to Kashmir Media Service, APHC leader and the JKPM Chairman, Ghulam Ahmed Mir in a statement issued in Jammu said that occupation authorities were on their arrest spree and scores of boys were being rounded up. He said occupation authori-

SRINAGAR—The Jammu and

ties are committing worst kinds of oppression and suppression against the freedom loving people of Kashmir who are fighting illegal Indian occupation in Kashmir. He said frequent house arrests of the Hurriyet leaders are not only preventing them from their political activities but they are not allowed to even perform religious duties. The JKPM leader however said India would never succeed in crushing the ongoing freedom struggle in Kashmir by using the acts of oppression and suppression. He also demanded immediate release of hundreds of

innocent youth and pro freedom leaders who are languishing in Jails in Jammu and Kashmir and across India. Meanwhile, Jamaat-eIslami of occupied Kashmir in a statement issued in Srinagar de-nounced the arrest of youth from various parts of the Valley for staging peaceful protests against the blasphemous film. It said everybody has a fundamental right to protest peacefully against any action causing hurt to his faith or creed and using brute force against such a person to silence him is a gross violation of the cherished democratic right.—KMS

Kashmir Muslim League has expressed concern over inhuman treatment being meted out to all illegally detained Hurriyet leaders in-cluding Masarrat Aalam Butt and Mushtaq-ul-Islam in jails. According to Kashmir Media Service, the JKML leader, Muhammad Yousuf Mir in a statement in Srinagar said that Masarrat Aalam Butt was subjected to severe physical and mental tor-ture in Udhampur Jail. The JKML leader said that similar treatment was being meted out to another detained leader, Mushtaq-ul-Islam, which resulted in severe injuries to him. The detained leader was even de-nied access to medical treatment, he added. The JKML has appealed to all international human rights organisations to take cognisance of physical torture to illegally detained Hurriyet leaders in Indian jails and played their role in mitigation of their miseries at the earliest.—KMS

Chaudhry Majeed hails President’s UN address A.H.RAO

MIRPUR —AJK Prime Minister Chaudhry, Abdul Majeed Wednesday lauded the address of President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari to the United Nations General Assembly during his ongoing visit to the United States. Talking to media in Muzaffarabad late Wednesday, the AJK Premier said that the President forcefully advocated the right to self-determination of Kashmiris, which has boosted the morale of the people of Jammu and Kashmir. Majeed continued that President Zardari represented the Muslim Ummah at the highest forum

of United Nations regarding blasphemous film and recorded his strong protest against it. He said the President sent a message across the globe that Muslims could not compromise on blasphemous film against Islam. The Prime Minister also lauded the solidarity of the nation on the eve of Yaum-e-Ishq-eRasool (Peace Be Upon Him) last Friday. He however, denounced the loss of lives and damages to national properties by some unscrupulous elements in the country. Referring to Kashmir issue the AJK Prime Minister made it clear that establishment of ever lasting peace in South Asia is not possible without granting the people of Jammu & Kash-

mir their fundamental right to self-determination. Replying to a question he said that a Rs.60 million plant has been set up for the construction KuhalaMuzaffarabad express way . He also expressed thanks to President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf for releasing developmental funds to Azad Jammu & Kashmir. The Prime Minister announced on the occasion that 8th October, which is anniversary of earthquake, would be a Jammu & Kashmir to pay glorious tributes to the martyrs – the victims of the killer catastrophe.

Kashmir never been part of India: Yasmin Raja

She said that Kashmir had people. She said that amicable S RINAGAR — In occupied Kashmir, the All Parties never been integral part of In- settlement of Kashmir dispute Hurriyet Conference (APHC) dia but was a disputed territory was imperative for permanent leader and the Chairperson of rec-ognised by the international peace, progress and prosperity Muslim Khawateen Markaz community and the people of of the South Asian region. Yasmeen Raja also strongly Jammu and Kashmir, Yasmeen Kashmiris were yet to deterRaja has denounced the state- mine their future. She said that condemned the arrest of ment of Indian Defence Minis- India had adopted an unrealis- Dukhtaran-e-Milliat Chairperter, AK Antony that en-tire tic approach towards the Kash- son, Aasiya Andrabi and other mir dispute due to which per- Hurriyet activists for peaceful Kashmir was part of India. According to Kashmir Me- manent peace in the region had protest against the blasphemous film re-leased in the US and dia Service, Yasmeen Raja in a become a dream. The APHC leader urged In- demanded their immediate restatement issued in Srinagar said that the statement of AK dia to realise ground realities lease. She also denounced the SRINAGAR—Even as panches Antony revealed that all demo- and resolve the dispute over assault on illegally detained liband sarpanches have been re- cratic claims made by New Kashmir in accordance with the eration leader, Mushtaq-ul-Isaspirations of the Kashmiri lam in Udhampur Jail.—KMS signing en mass in panic, in the Delhi were baseless. wake of recent killings of the panchayat representatives, separatist leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani exhorted the panchayat heads to stop trusting the government and instead support the separatists in their movement. While on one side Chief Minister Omar Abdullah’s government has been grappling with the spate of murders of sarpanches, which has terrorised the valley, the Huriyat Conference (G) chairman looked to take advantage of the situation. “Our party has nothing to do with sarpanch killings. I would tell the panches and sarpanches that they should join those people who are working for freedom movement... Killing them is not the answer. They should rather be convinced to strengthen the hands of those working for the movement,” Geelani said. He was reacting to the kill- BARRIA: Work in progress on Neelum-Jhelum Hydel Power Project at Nausehri.

Join freedom movement: Geelani to Panchs

ATHMAQAM: Senior Vice President of National Bank of Pakistan, Shahid Iqbal Dar, SP Neelum Sardar Musa Khan and Neelum Bar President Mir Gohar Rehman on the occasion of opening of a new National Bank branch in the area.

Hazratbal dome damaged due to negligence of Waqf Board SRINAGAR—Large number of skirts of Srinagar City devel- their shutters as clashes spread. devotees staged protests against the Muslim Waqf Board for using substandard material in the renovation of the most revered shrine of Hazratbal. Clashes erupted between protesters and government forces after some of the marble tiles of the dome of revered Hazratbal Shrine came off while the worshipers were offering afternoon prayers. Eyewitnesses said that the under construction dome of the Hazratbal Shrine on the out-

oped cracks and some of the marble tiles that were recently fixed came off. “This happened when the afternoon was going on,” they said. worshipers left the prayers as the marble tiles felt very close to them. The devotees then protested against the Waqf board that manages the Shrine that hold the relic of Prophet Muhammad [PBUHS]. But they were stopped leading to stone pelting clashes. The shops around Hazratbal downed

The agitated people who included local residents raised slogans against the Wakf Board officials after a few marble slabs were found to have come out of the dome of the shrine located on the banks of Dal Lake, reports said. They said the residents alleged that the Wakf Board, which is responsible for the maintenance and management of the holy shrine, had used substandard material, which resulted in the marble slabs falling off the dome.—INP

When ‘enemies’ in Kashmir break bread rather than bones S R I N A G A R — Usually at of the series running since tional Conference.

daggers drawn, Kashmir’s pro-freedom leaders and pro-India leaders sat down to dine and discuss, courtesy Norway’s TV 2 which hosts representatives of opposing sides from the world’s conflicts in its “Dining With the Enemy” programme. The Kashmir episode

to register pro-test against the human rights violations. The Bar spokesman in a statement issued in Srinagar said, “The Indian President being the head of armed forces was under the moral and legal obligation to rein in the forces and stop the human rights violation in Kashmir.—KMS

Amendements to AJK 1974 Act demanded

L ONDON — The Jamaat-eIslami AJK President, Abdul Rashid Turabi vis-ited Kashmir Centre London where he was received by Chairman of the Centre Professor Nazir Ahmed Shawl, President Advisory Council Raja Mohammed Ayub, Chief Co–coordinator Sabir Hussain, Media Advisor Shioab Nazish and Raja Mohammed Eshaq Khan. Leaders of the Kashmiri Diaspora who were present on the occasion included, Advisor to AJK Prime Minister Chaudhry Mohammed Shabaan, Vice President All J&K Muslim Conference Jamil Tabassum, Vice President Tehrik-e-Kashmir, Chaudhry Mohammed Sharif, Laiq Ali Khan, Zahid Iqbal Chaudhry. Welcoming Turabi to Kashmir Centre London, Professor Shawl briefed him about the work the Centre has undertaken at the national and international levels. A nationwide signature campaign has been launched and more than 25,000 people have signed the petition to be presented to Parliament members in the constituencies in the first phase and in final phase the petition will be handed over to the speaker of the House of Commons. Shawl hailed the engagement between Pakistan and India to resolve the outstanding issues. He however ruled out any fruitful result without accepting the centrality of the Kashmir dis-pute, and association of the Kashmiri leadership with the process.—KMS

sity, tomorrow. On the other hand, security all across occupied Kashmir has been tightened on the occasion of the President’s visit. Sharp shooters have been posted around Kashmir University and posse of specially trained commandos and dozens of police and paramilitary troopers have been deployed inside the campus.

the beginning of the year was recorded atop a houseboat in Srinagar ’s famed Nigeen Lake, with the unbelievable sight of pro-freedom Kashmiri leaders Muhammad Yasin Malik and Nayeem Ahmad Khan breaking bread with member of parliament Dr. Mahboob Beig of the pro-India Na-

A picture of Yasin Malik along with Nayeem Khan dining with the Nation Conference Member on a houseboat deck went viral on social media networks with many attributing different motives to the unusual scene. Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front sources told Kashmir Observer that the discussion

between the two sides moderated by the Norwegian film crew was recorded. “As the title of the documentary suggests, the discussion was meant to take place while having dinner,” they said. “The crew has not only shot in Kashmir but they have recorded different versions from politicians with differ-

ent ideologies in Palestine, Egypt and other conflict-hit areas around the globe,” they said. “It is very unfortunate that some miscreants are spreading wrong information among the masses,” they added. While Beig advocated Autonomy during the discussion, the pro-indepen-

dence leaders put forward their point of view. “Leaders like the chairman of the Hurriyat (G), Syed Ali Geelani, were also invited to the discussion. However, being under house arrest he was not able to join,” sources said. Producer Fredrik Græsvik, who has worked in TV 2 Norway since 1994,

moderated the programme. He has worked as correspondent covering areas in war and conflict, and recently covered the Arab Spring in Egypt and Libya. Fredrik and chef Tom Victor Gausdal invites representatives from areas of conflict to dine together, ‘with amazing results’, the TV channel claims.—NNI

IHK minister ‘greeted’ with Azadi slogans SRINAGAR—In occupied Kashmir, “Hum kya chahte hain aazadi, Kaun karega tarjumani” were the slogans shouted by students during an official function at the Parihaspora SSM Engineering College in Pattan. According to KMS, dozens of students chanted pro-freedom slogans when puppet Minister, Agha Syed Ruhullah, who was the chief guest on the occasion, proceeded towards the stage.—KMS


Gas to Punjab industries stopped LAHORE—Industries across the Punjab have to suffer as Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL) Wednesday announced to halt the gas supply to the industrial sector due to technical fault in Qadirpur Gas Field. According to General Manager SNGPL, the decision to halt gas supply across the province was aimed at providing gas to CNG and domestic sector. “The gas field is suffering from the shortage of almost 400 million cubic feet,” he said. Cement and textile industries would suffer the most from the shutdown while the CNG sector could also be affected if the shutdown goes worst.—INP

Conversion rates

Bukhari stresses people-topeople links with S Arabia STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Acting President Syed Nayyer Hussain Bukhari Wednesday stressed the need for more people to people contacts with Saudi Arabia and further increase in bilateral Pak-Saudi trade relations. Talking to Tawfiq Bin Fawzan Al Rabeea, Minister for Commerce and Industry for Saudi Arabia and his delegation, who come to participate in the 9th session of PakistanSaudi joint Ministerial Commission, he said Pakistan has highest regards for Saudi Arabia as Saudis have always been supportive to Pakistan particularly in testing times. The acting president said that the meeting of joint ministerial commission will definitely produce good results for benefits of both sides and help strengthening bilateral trade and commerce relations.

KARACHI—The following rates will be applicable for conversion into rupees of Foreign Currency Deposits, Dollar Bearer Certificates, Foreign Currency Bearer Certificates, Special U.S. Dollar Bonds and profits thereon by all banks and for providing Forward Cover on Foreign Currency Deposits (excluding F.E.25 deposits) by the State Bank on September 27, 2012. The rates are U.S. Dollar Rs 94.6895, Japanese SALIM AHMED Yen Rs 1.2191, Pound Sterling Rs 153.3023 and Euro Rs LAHORE—The German Am121.9222.—APP bassador Dr. Cyrill Nunn has said that Pakistan will be able Apple sells 2m new in four weeks time to benefit from preferential trade arphones rangement that would allow NEW YORK—Apple Inc low-tariff exports to the Eubooked orders for over two ropean Union. The Ambasmillion iPhone 5 models in the sador was speaking at the first 24 hours, reflecting a Lahore Chamber of Comhigher-than-expected demand merce and Industry on for the consumer device Wednesday. LCCI President giant’s new smartphone and Irfan Qaiser Sheikh presetting it up for a strong holiday quarter. Apple shares rose in extended after-market trading to touch $700 per STAFF REPORTER share for the first time. They have gained nearly 22 percent in the past 3-1/2 months in the ISLAMABAD—Sixty four spebuild-up to the launch of the cialists of the Ministries of Agriculture from Khyber iPhone 5. Apple said that Pukhtunkhwa, Gilgit Baltistan, pre-orders outstripped Azad Jammu and Kashmir initial supply but it would (AJK), Sindh, and Balochistan deliver most phones as received ten-day training on planned, the first day of modern techniques for farm delivery.—Newswire business and irrigation systems sponsored by the United Banks facilitate States Government. The training course was organized by exchanging the U.S. Agency for InternaRs 500 note tional Development (USAID) ISLAMABAD—The State to help improve on-farm proBank of Pakistan (SBP) has ductivity and profitability, once again asked all banks product quality, and water operating in the country to management. issue necessary instructions “Pakistan holds lucrative to their branches to facilitate general public in exchanging Rs. 500 old design & bigger size banknote. The last date for exchanging this banknote from the field offices of SBP Banking Services Corporation (SBP BSC) and branches of all banks is October 1, 2012 (till banking hours), says a statement of the bank issued here today.—APP

Bukhari also invited Saudi Shura Council to visit Pakistan. Commerce Minister Makhdoom Amin Fahim said the doors of opportunities are open and now is the time to move forward for building trade and economic relations as they will define future relations between states as world is witnessing paradigm shift from geo politics to geo economics. Secretary Board Of Investment (BOI) said Pakistan and Suadi Arabia have already negotiated bilateral trade agreement which need to be reactivated in the interest of both countries. The acting President appreciated visit of Saudi Commerce Minister despite his personal tragedy as one of his sons have died recently. The acting President extended his thanks for a grant of US $ 100 million for the welfare of people of Pakistan an-

nounced immediately after visit of the PM to Saudi Arabia in July this year. He told the Saudi Delegation that Pakistan is facing flood situation in the areas of Sindh and Balochistan and certain areas of Punjab. Pakistan bilateral trade with Saudi Arabia has grown manifold and will get a further boost with an early conclusion of Pak-Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Free Trade Agreement as it will give Pakistan enhanced market access in Middle East. Pakistan can export its excessive wheat and fine quality rice and other products to Saudi Arabia and other Middle East Countries, he said. The Acting President appreciated the regular and substantial inflows of direct investment from Saudi Arabia and reassured that Pakistan will continue providing en- Tawfiq Bin Fawzan Al Rabeea, Minister for Commerce and Industry of Saudi Arabia called on Minister for Commerce abling environment to Saudi Makhdoom Amin Fahim. investors.

Pakistan to take benefit from trade arrangement sented address of welcome. First Economic Affairs Officer of German Embassy Sami Saadi, LCCI Executive Committee Member Nabila Intisar and Mian Zahid Javed were also present on the occasion. Dr. Cyrill Nunn said that Pakistan was all set to qualify for the GSP Plus status early next year that would pave way for duty free access to EU markets. The Ambassador said that a German business del-

egation would visit Pakistan in November to evaluate business opportunities in this part of the world. Dr. Cyrill Nunn said that Pakistani companies those in textile sector should benefit from the opportunities ensuing GSP status. The Ambassador said that German government is ready to provide all necessary help to the German investors for investment in Pakistan.

US help strengthens farming business

“Patience, persistence and perspiration make an unbeatable combination for success.” —Napoleon Hill,

farming opportunities if modern techniques are applied properly and efficiently. The U.S. Government is committed to helping Pakistan modernize its agriculture sector thus providing a boost to the country’s economy,” said USAID Country Director Jonathan Conly at the completion of the training course for AJK and Gilgit Baltistan specialists on September 26 in Islamabad. Training participants will use this new information to counsel farmers in their respective regions how to improve farm business, set up agriculture cooperation stores, improve storage and

on-farm processing, and develop market linkages. “Farming in the mountain areas has always been a challenge for agri. extension workers and researchers. I am glad that USAID has provided me skills to raise awareness regarding agri-business among AJK farmers and especially the female farmers who have a lead role in farm activities,” said Amina Rafi, one of the participants. Pakistan’s agricultural sector is a major employer of the country’s labor force. However, the sector lacks modern technologies and knowledge to make its products competitive.

Jonathan Conly, USAID Country Director with the participants of USAID funded agribusinesss training.

Progress on APTTA reviewed STAFF REPORTER

I SLAMABAD —Foreign Min-

SECP takes transparency steps

TARIQ KHATTAK ister Hina Rabbani Khar and her Afghan counterpart Zalmay Rassoul Wednesday ISLAMABAD—The Securities reviewed progress on the Af- and Exchange Commission ghanistan-Pakistan Transit of Pakistan (SECP) has impleTrade Agreement (APTTA) mented five manuals for and expressed commitment greater transparency and efof their respective govern- ficiency. They deal with inments to fully implement the spection, enquiry/investigation, adjudication, litigation agreement. A statement by the For- and offsite surveillance. eign Office said the meeting They will be used by the Seon the sidelines of the UN curity Market Division, General Assembly session at Company Law Division, and New York said they also dis- Specialized Companies Divicussed the issue of cross- sion. Muhammad Ali, the border infiltration and result- SECP chairman, on Wednesant shelling, and the impor- day described the developtance of working closely to ment as a great achievement. effectively address border ‘It is a life-changing event in the history of the SECP.’ management issue. Enforcement is the most Foreign Minister Khar underlined the importance of peace and stability in Afghanistan, and reiterated Pakistan’s full support for an Afghan-owned, Afghandriven, and Afghan-led reconciliation process, a press STAFF REPORTER release by the Foreign Office from New York said. KARACHI—The nation’s leading Energy Company, Pakistan State Oil (PSO) convened its 36th Annual General Meeting at a local hotel. The event was chaired by Mr. Sohail Wajahat Siddiqui, ChairmanBoard of Management (BoM) who congratulated the shareholders on being the proud STAFF REPORTER owners of the nation’s first P ESHAWAR —Leader of the trillion rupee company. SpeakBusinessman Forum, Senator ing on corporate governance Ilyas Ahmad Bilour here and oversight mechanisms in Wednesday demanded a place at PSO, the Chairman two-year extension in the stressed that the Board is an Prime Minister ’s financial extension of the shareholders package announced for and acts in a supervisory role Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. He to ensure maximum returns for said that chief minister Ameer the stakeholders. During his Haider Khan Hoti and former talk, the Chairman also federal minister for finance, thanked the employees for Shaukat Tarin have played their hard work and dedicamajor role in the approval of tion which has resulted in the package for the trading com- company attaining ever greater heights. munity of the province. At the occasion, Mr. Addressing an annual reception of Businessman Naeem Yahya Mir, CEO & Forum, he said that he had MD-PSO gave a brief overalways rendered sincere ser- view of the global oil market, vices for the business com- the PSO’s role in this market munity of Khyber and the company’s overall fiPakhtunkhwa and will con- nancial status. Moving furtinue all possible efforts for ther, the CEO & MD outlined the redressal of their griev- his plan for developing a secure energy supply chain for ances in future too.

important function of the SECP, he said. The standardization of this function across the board is a very important first step towards our aim of improving the standards of all our internal processes and procedures, added the SECP chairman. ‘In this way we will be introducing greater transparency and better defined allocation of responsibilities within the organization’. He was addressing the SECP officers on the occasion of a presentation that was organized to highlight the salient features of the manuals. The SECP employees in Karachi and Lahore attended the presentation via video link. The manuals are aimed at

PSO to develop secure energy supply chain

Bilour demands extension in PM’s package

reducing duplication of effort, introducing more efficiency and effective procedures, standardizing all processes and introducing adequate checks and balances. The SECP has established mechanisms to ensure that all officers fully comply with these manuals. The five manuals are entitled: Inspection Manual, Offsite Surveillance and Monitoring Manual, Enquiry and Investigation Manual, Adjudication Manual and Litigation Management Manual. The manuals have been drafted by Barrister Amber Darr, and reviewed and revised by a 15-member SECP committee.

LSE up by 1.94 points

LAHORE—Lahore Stock ExPakistan by transforming PSO change on Wednesday into an integrated oil company gained 1.94 points as the and establishing it amongst LSE-25 Index opened with 4021.78 and closed at 4023.72 points. The market’s overall situation also corresponded to an upward trend as it remained at 3.108 million shares to close against previous turnover of 2.812 million shares, showing an upward move of 295,200 shares. While, out of the total 95 active scrips, 29 moved up, 50 remained equal and 16 shed the league of international oil values. giants. Keeping this in view Treet Corporation Limhe highlighted various long ited, Pakistan National Shipterm projects which have been ping, and Oil and Gas Develinitiated by the company. opment Company Limited Prominent among these initia- were Major Gainer of the day tives’ is the upcoming estab- by recording increase in their lishment of a petroleum refin- per share value by Rs 3.52, ery in KPK and a joint ven- Re 0.85 and Re 0.70 respecture with an international oil tively. conglomerate for setting up Dawood Hercules Coran oil off-loading and storage poration, Fauji Fertilizer Bin facility at Hub, Balochistan. Qasim, and Askari Bank LimThe CEO & MD also gave ited lost their per share value brief details regarding an by Re 0.75, Re 0.50 and Re agreement with Pakistan Na- 0.25 respectively. The Voltional Shipping Corporation ume Leader of the day in(PNSC) to utilize their vessels cluded The Bank of Punjab for transporting imported Limited with 472,500 shares, POL products to Pakistan’s Lafarge Pakistan Cement shores resulting in substan- with 436,000 shares and Silk tial savings of foreign ex- Bank Limited (Saudi) 418,000 change. shares.—APP

Energy crisis, loadshedding causing businesses unrest AMANULLAH KHAN K ARACHI —Despite general perception of growth in turnover and profitability, as suggested by recent corporate results, business sentiment dipped by 9 percent over the past six months due to growing concerns related to energy shortages, worsening security and inflation. This was revealed in the 6th Wave Business Confidence Index (BCI) survey undertaken by the Overseas Investors Chamber of Commerce and Industry (OICCI) between

June and August 2012. The survey is largely attitudinal and carried out bi-annually to evaluate business sentiment. Compared to the 5th Wave BCI survey, recent results show a further decline from negative 25 to negative 34 percent. The sharp drop in business confidence is led mainly by poor sentiments of the retail sector where the BCI score went down from negative 29 to negative 48 percent and of the manufacturing sector which also declined significantly from negative 23 to negative 37 percent. This decline was

partially offset by the relatively positive outlook of the service sector where BCI improved by 7 percent from negative 24 to negative 17 percent. Apart from increase in negativity, the 6th wave also records a shift in opinion of respondents from positive to neutral zone, reflected in the decline of the overall business confidence score. Interpreting the feedback, it appears that business people have now lowered their expectations from the authorities. The survey reveals sen-

timents of respondents on various aspects related to business operations in Pakistan and their views on macroeconomic matters. According to survey, in the past six months, energy crisis/ load shedding has been cited as the main factor causing restlessness among the business community, followed by continuing deterioration in the law & order situation, high inflation, governance issues and high cost of doing business. The above factors have resulted in a decline in expectations of business expan-

sion from 34 percent in November 2011 to 19 percent in August 2012. However, in respect of plans for the next six months, 16 percent of respondents expect to expand business and have a positive outlook in increase in sales, profits and return on investment. Of these, the service sector has the highest positive outlook at 33 percent for business expansion, within which finance is the most optimistic sub-sector. In the manufacturing sub-sectors, the auto industry is the most optimistic.

A notable feature of the survey is that the perception on government policies has improved by 12 percent from the previous survey. Challenges for the next six months in order of importance are load Shedding (39 percent) high inflation (26 percent), followed by security issues (23 percent) and poor government policies (18 percent). The business community is of the opinion that overall global economic situation improved in the current survey period. However, this does not seem to be reflected in the response with respect

to business situation in Pakistan, where the BCI shows further negativity, both in the respondents’ specific industry as well as their own organization. Although the latest survey shows a decline in the number of respondents with positive outlook for the economy, there is significant variation in the opinion pattern between various cities. The reduction in positive outlook and increase in negativity is much more pronounced in Peshawar and Quetta, followed by Islamabad/ Rawalpindi and Faisalabad, as

compared to the declining sentiments in Karachi, Lahore and Multan. Leading challenges for business entities during the last six months were load shedding/ energy crisis (35 percent), followed by corruption (24 percent) and increase in inflation (20 percent). Decline has been noted in capital investment plans for the next six months, which has fallen from 69 percent in the previous survey to 55 percent in the current survey. The respondents have also indicated no plan to increase employment levels in their business during next six months.


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‘Pakistan land of opportunities’ STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —“Pakistan is a land of opportunities and the credit for this goes to the huge youth population and the rich pool of talent available in the country”, these sentiments were expressed by D. Shiva Kumar, Senior Vice President, All India Management Association & VP Nokia IMEA, during his recent visit to Pakistan. He was one of the key speakers from India at the two day management conference between the two countries in Lahore. During his presentation, he expressed the need to understand the potential in the emerging markets especially Pakistan where there is unique talent pool, high potential, right time to benefit from opportunities. In his views, this is a once in a life time opportunity and the time is ripe for both Pakistan and India to come together and work in the fields of Technology, Business Management, Brand Building and Education to make South Asia even more visible to the rest of the world.

China declares Pak a favoured destination for tourists STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Mir Shahjahan Khetran, Managing Director PTDC participated in VIP Sharing Forum of CCTV Programme “Preview & Presentation” held at Beijing (China). The Theme of the forum was “The Strategic Solution under the complicated economic situation in China”. “Through this forum, we are able to understand the dynamics of rapid development and growth of China in different sectors of the economy including inbound and outbound tourism. This forum offered golden opportunity to meet with the Chinese businessmen and investors, particularly from the tourism and hospitality sector, so as to convince them to invest in Pakistan’s tourism industry, directly as well as through public private partnership” MD PTDC said. China Central Television or Chinese Central Television

(CCTV), is the predominant state television broadcaster in mainland China. CCTV has a network of 22 channels broadcasting different programmes and is accessible to more than one billion viewers. Most of its programmes are a mixture of documentary, comedy, entertainment, and drama, the majority of which consists of Chinese soap operas and entertainment. CCTV in collaboration with PTDC has made a documentary film on Pakistan and Silk Route, which was telecasted in 4 episodes. The film also depicts the journey of famous Chinese tourist Mr. Hewun Sang, to Pakistan’s Gandhara heritage. During his visit to China, with the help of senior official from Pakistan Embassy in Beijing, Managing Director PTDC had a number of meetings with Chinese investors, business community, tourism professional and media personnel. He said that there are

a lot of tourist attractions in Pakistan for Chinese tourists which include Gandhara Heritage and Silk Route etc. In the year 2010, total 27887 Chinese tourists visited Pakistan, out of which maximum number was for official purpose or business meetings. We are trying hard to bring more Chinese tourists to come to Pakistan for tourism purpose. Pakistan is already providing visa-on-arrival facility to Chinese group tourists. China has declared Pakistan as most favoured destination for Chinese tourists. Since 2004, PTDC in collaboration with public and private sector organizations is regularly participating in Beijing International Tourism Expo and Tianjin Travel Exhibition. To promote Pakistan’s tourism products and create soft image of the country, PTDC participated in UNWTO Conference in World’s largest ITB Berlin Tourism Exhibition.

FPCCI holds President Zardari’s speech at UN STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —President, Federation of Pakistan of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FPCCI) Haji Fazal Kadir Khan Sherani on Wednesday fully supported President Asif Ali Zardari’s speech at United Nations’ General Assembly. President Zardari did very good job at the UN especially in pleading the Muslim Ummah case on blasphemy issue leading to religious disharmony and hatred among different religious communities in the world, he said in his comments on the speech. FPCCI President said that

the entire Muslim ummah has been extremely hurt on the blasphemous film and such kind of other material. He demanded that the Muslim ummah, and their Heads of States and the Governments should lodge a strong and very organised campaign to pressurise United Nations to make an effective law to ensure mutual respect and sanctity of all religions on the earth. There should be a strict legal punishment under the law so that no one can even think for disrespect / blasphemy of any religion, a holy prophet or a holy book. Being the President of

FPCCI, which is the apex trade body representative entire business community of the country, Haji Fazal Qadir Khan Sherani committed that his community would on the front to condemn the incident of blasphemy. “ We, the businessmen are ready to sacrifice our lives, wealth and even our children in resisting all kind of blasphemous acts,” he remarked. On this occasion, he expressed his concern over the loss of life and property in some cities of the country during the recent rallies meant to condemn the blasphemous acts in US and France.

M. M. ALAM K ARACHI —University of

KARACHI: Farrukh Amil, Ambassador designate to Japan receiving a plaque from Mian Abrar Ahmad President KCCI. Younus Mohammad Bashir is also seen in the picture.—PO photo by Javed Iqbal

Revival of production units K ARACHI —The Managing Director, Sindh Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority (STEVTA), Hafeezullah Abbasi, presided over a meeting of officials of STEVTA in connection with revival of Pak Swedish Woodworking Production, Garments and Printing Graphics Units. He highlighted the importance of production units and said that the Chief Minister Sindh has already approved these projects. Masroor Ahmed Shaikh, Ghulam Sarwar Joyo, Nazir Ahmed Channa, Manzoor Vistro, Abdul Sami Bhutto, Abdul Hafeez Abbasi, Ghulam Muhammad, Saeed Ahmed and Javed Ahmed attended the meeting. The Managing Director stressed that these projects shall be made operative on priority basis within stipulated time frame and as a pilot the furniture of STEVTA institutions, printing of stationery and uniforms of drivers / security guards will be made through Pak Swedish Institute. The formal inauguration of the units was decided to be performed in the month of December this year.—APP

LSE EOGM elects four directors

Coca-Cola collaborates with PDMA for urgent flood relief

SALIM AHMED L A H O R E —The

STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD —As part of its flood relief efforts, CocaCola Pakistan collaborated with Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) to provide immediate flood relief goods to flood affectees of Punjab. The company provided ration packages for 2,500 people; mineral water for 15,000 people; and Minute Maid high nutrition juices for 12,000 people. The ration packages constituted cooked and dry food items, rice, lentils and oil. While sharing his views on the occasion, Rizwan U. Khan, General Manager, Pakistan & Afghanistan, The Coca-Cola Export Corporation (TCCEC) said, “During this time of emergency and extreme hardship, we feel that there should be no limit to the support we offer to those suffering. Coca-Cola Pakistan’s response to these disasters is a token of our dedication to communities not only as a business, but as citizens committed to helping the communities we serve.”

KCCI signs MoU with KU

Mr.Yassar Sakhi Butt, President ICCI presenting souvenir to the Ambassador of Denmark Mr.Ole Moesby.

ICCI for enhancing trade with Denmark, European Union STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Ambassador of Denmark Mr.Ole Moesby visited Islamabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ICCI) and discussed the broad range of Pakistan-Denmark relations including bilateral trade, investment and development assistance. The Ambassador underlined the importance of exploring ways and means to further expand and diversify the mutually beneficial relations particularly enhancing trade and investment. The Ambassador said that Pakistan has enormous natural resources and having a lot of

economic potential in various sectors, thus, there was good space for increasing bilateral trade between Pakistan and Denmark. He said that Danish companies are interested to invest in different sectors of Pakistan like Pharmaceutical, renewable energy, education and health. In his welcome address, Yassar Sakhi Butt, President ICCI said that there is a greater need to accelerate mutual interactions at all levels in order to translate the existing friendly relationship into boosting trade and investment. He said that PakDenmark bilateral trade has improved from US$74.10 mil-

lion in 2002-03 to US$250.2 million in 2010-11, but it far below the true potential of both countries. He said that Pakistan wants to further enhance trade with Denmark and European Union. He said that we look forward that Denmark would continue to support Pakistan in its efforts for inclusion in GSP+ scheme so that Pakistani products could get easy access into European markets. ICCI President was of the view that the best way for both countries to promote trade and economic relations is to facilitate the enhanced exchange of trade delegations.

Lahore Stock Exchange Limited (LSE) in its extraordinary general meeting (EOGM) held here Wednesday elected four directors of the Exchange. The elections were held in term of Section 10(2) of the Stock Exchanges (Corporatization, Demutualization and Integration) Act, 2012 read with Article 76, 77, 78 and 81 of the Articles of Association of the Exchange, for a period of three years to replace the ‘first directors’ nominated by the Exchange as per Section 4(1)(e) of the Act. Six candidates had submitted their nomination papers for the four seats of member directors at LSE Board. Out of them before the start of EOGM Dr. Arslan Razaque and Syed Asim Zafar withdrew their nomination papers, therefore, remaining four candidates Ammar ul Haq, Asif Baig Mirza, Mirza Ejaz Ullah Baig and Omar Khalil Malik have been declared unopposed member directors of the Lahore Stock Exchange for three years term. It was the first election of member directors after demutualization of Lahore Stock Exchanges.

Power shortfalls surges to 4563MW ISLAMABAD—Surge in elec- that closure of Qadirpur Gas tricity loadshedding has made of lives of citizens miserable as power shortage fall has again mounted to 4563MW due to halt in supply of gas and fuel to power generation units owing to non payment of arrears. According to National Transmission & Dispatch Company (NTDC) Limited, Pakistan State Oil (PSO) due to delay in payment was supplying 10,000 tonnes of fuel to power plants instead of their need of 38,000 daily. The NTDC sources said

Karachi (KU) & Chamber of Commerce & Industry (KCCI) have signed a MoU under Chamber ’s Universities-Industries Linkage Programme to promote entrepreneurship & introduce new faculties as per the trade/industry requirements on-ground. Appreciating the vital role played by the Chamber, VC Prof. Dr. Muhammad Qaiser stated that he would recommend the Chancellor to nominate President KCCI as member in KU’s syndicate. He said that KU chartered by Provincial Government was committed to make valuable contribution through modern information & communication technologies to provide affordable world-class education. Anticipating that lectures delivered by prominent KCCI members at various KU departments would prove to be enlightening for the pupils, the VC asked the business community to support program initiated by KU Business School Alumni to establish an Endowment Fund, as KU - that mostly catered to middle & lower class - faced fund limitations.

field has also affected the gas supply to power plants which has reduced electricity generation to 11,940MW against the demand of 16,503. Due to gap of 4563MW in power generation and demand, urban areas have to face unscheduled loadshedding of 10 hours while rural areas were being provided electricity for only eight to 10 in 24-hour. Prolonged loadshedding has adversely affected the STAFF REPORTER routine life of citizens besides creating a halt in commercial ISLAMABAD—Chairman and activities.—INP CEO NetSol Technologies Ltd Salim Ghauri has said that purpose of inviting national leadership to NetSol Technologies is to promote the importance of Information Technology (IT) industry in farmers,limiting then reduc- Pakistan and its future role in up country’s ing the land area where to- shaping bacco can be grown, and economy. He was talking to having countries reduce to- media after the visit of Pakibacco production simulta- stan Tehrik-e-Insaf (PTI) chief Imran Khan the other day. neously. Salim said it is right time “Global bureaucrats with very limited knowledge of to apprise the national leadagriculture are attempting to ership of the advantages of impose an agenda on Paki- the IT industry for the ecostan that would devastate nomic growth of Pakistan. the livelihoods of farmers, We had invited Mr Nawaz farm workers and farming Sharif with the same purpose communities, said President in our mind, he added. He said India has regisAnjuman Kasht Karan and T o b a c c o , H a z a r a tered exponential growth in next door Division,Rustam Khan. “Our our leaders must go to Seoul and neighbourhood by relying protect Pakistan by oppos- upon the IT industry and its ing these absurd guide- exports have reached to $60 billion. It is simply because lines.” The “Save our farms” of the fact that the Indian campaign includes a leadership have realized the website saveourfarms.org importance of the IT indusas well as an online peti- try and extended required tion and a channel featur- support over the past many ing testimonials from real years. world famers.—APP

NetSol promoting IT industry

Tobacco farmers launch ‘Save’ campaign ISLAMABAD—Tobacco farmers, participating in the 3rd Asia Tobacco Forum in Manila, has launched “Save our farms”, a grassroots campaign to fight radical new guidelines that would devastate the livelihoods of millions of tobacco farmers in Asia. The campaign is calling on governments in the region to stand with tobacco farmers in opposition to these radical guidelines, said a fax message received here. The proposed guidelines have been developed in advance of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Conference of the Parties (CoP) which will be held in Seoul in November. The guidelines include mandating the seasons when tobacco can and cannot be grown,cutting off all government and private sector support for tobacco

Mobilink rapid flood-relief campaign SALIM AHMED L AHORE —Mobilink has reached out to nearly 12 thousand people in flood affected areas of Rajanpur, DG Khan and Rojhan, providing supplies of foodstuff and water.As part of the initial phase of its flood relief activity, Mobilink has taken the lead inreaching out to flood affected areas in Southern Punjab. Distribution was carried out by Mobilink Torchbearers from Multan and Lahore with the assistance of Pakistan Army Battalions, deputed for emergency relief in the area. Food items were handed out in relief camps and to those who have lost their livelihood but are still confined to their dwellings. With road networks dam-

aged by the rains and floods across a vast area, distribution in parts of Rajanpur was carried out with the assistance of Pakistan Army Aviation, whereby helicopters were used for air-drops. Bilal Munir Sheikh, Chief Commercial Officer, Mobilink shared, “Mobilink has always remained at the forefront of responding to Pakistan’s hour of need. Building on our learnings from the floods in the last two years, our CSR team had been ready with a flood response plan, which has helped us initiate our relief activity as soon as the need has arisen. As always, Mobilink Torchbearers have taken the lead in bringing the flood relief to the affected communities.”

WAPDA Chairman visits flood-hit areas OBSERVER REPORT LAHORE —On the directions of the Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf, the Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) has started preparing a master plan to control floods caused by the hill torrents in Balochistan, Sindh and Southern Punjab. WAPDA experts have already been mobilised to the sites for the purpose. WAPDA Chairman Raghib Shah stated this during his visit to the flood-hit areas in Qambar Shahdadkot and Larkana districts of Sindh as well as Osta Muhammad in Balochistan in order to personally assess and monitor the on-ground flood situation. He was accompanied by the General Manager (Projects) South and other WAPDA officers.

UNIDO, UNEGEEW ink deal to empower women STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) on Wednesday signed a Letter of Intent (LOI) to develop a common approach for better coordination and cooperation to work effectively on advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment in Pakistan. This initiative will support the Government of Pakistan in increasing women’s economic empowerment opportunities. This joint collaboration will work

to strengthen women’s economic capacities wherever their rights are violated their opportunities are suppressed and their contributions to the economy are ignored, UN Women and UNIDO under this LOI, will also provide technical assistance to Federal and Provincial departments working for women development and will ensure enhanced coordination with multi stakeholders including the UN system, Civil Society, microfinance institutions and the private sector to improve women’s access to economic opportunities. Ms. Shadia Bakhait, UNIDO Representative shared that UNIDO has been working towards improving

the quality of life of the world’s poor by drawing on its combined global resources and expertise. She said that a “competitive and environmentally sustainable industry has a crucial role to play in accelerating economic growth, reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). UNIDO’s Women Entrepreneurship Development Programme has been working to facilitate gender-sensitized initiatives that focus on the integration of women in highly non-traditional sectors. The Programme has been implementing innovative strategies to train and

connect women as producers and entrepreneurs with the value chain as productive members of the creative industry, said Bakhait. On this occasion, Ms. Alice Shackelford, Country Director, UN Women said, “both UNIDO and UN Women have been working on the issues of women’s economic empowerment to bring change in the lives of women and girls”. She emphasized that UN Women works for the elimination of discrimination against women and girls, the empowerment of women, and the achievement of equality between women and men as partners in development,

human rights, humanitarian action and peace and security. UN Women’s objective is to enhance national capacity and ownership to enable national partners to formulate gender responsive laws and policies and to scale up successful strategies to deliver on national commitments on gender equality. She said that “UN Women is envisaging a close partnership with UNIDO on its key thematic areas including women’s economic empowerment, women’s leadership in disaster risk reduction and humanitarian response and gender equality in planning, ISLAMABAD: Country heads of UNIDO and UN Women signing agreement to boost budgeting and statistics”. capacity and empower Pakistani women.


Turks want Gul next president: Poll ISTANBUL—Turks would prefer to see incumbent Abdullah Gul as their next president if they had to choose between him and Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan, a Turkish opinion poll showed on Wednesday. The results of the survey by Turkish pollster MetroPOLL suggest Erdogan could face some public resistance in achieving his goal of taking charge of a newly-constituted executive presidency in two years time. Gul’s seven-year term expires in 2014 and the survey of political attitudes showed nearly 60 percent of people thought he should be a candidate in the next election. Asked who they would vote for if they had to choose between Gul and Erdogan, 50.9 percent said Gul and 22.7 percent said Erdogan. Another 16.1 percent said they did not know and 10.3 percent did not give an answer. The gap between the two leaders narrowed sharply if respondents were given a free choice of presidential candidates. In that case, 20.5 percent chose Gul, 17.8 percent Erdogan and 2 percent the leader of the largest opposition CHP party. The MetroPOLL survey was conducted between September 14-19 in 27 provinces with 1,275 people. It had a margin of error of +/- 2.7 percent. The survey, which coincided with intensified conflict between the state and the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) militant group, also showed 67.1 percent of respondents would approve of the closure of the parliamentary pro-Kurdish Peace and Democracy Party (BDP). Many Turks regard the BDP as having close ties to the PKK, designated a terrorist group by Turkey, the United States and European Union. —Reuters

Syrian rebels kill dozens in army command attack B EIRUT —Syrian

rebels bombed a military complex in Damascus on Wednesday, striking at the heart of President Bashar al-Assad’s power and igniting a fire which gutted the army command headquarters. The Free Syrian Army, the main rebel force fighting to overthow Assad, claimed responsibility for the attack which it said killed dozens of people. But an armed forces statement said military leaders were unhurt and only a number of guards were wounded in the blasts, which shook the whole city at around 7 a.m. (0400 GMT) before regular working hours. It was the biggest attack in Damascus since July 18 when a blast killed several senior security officials, including Assad’s brother-inlaw, the defense and interior ministers. That attack paved the way for a rebel advance into the centre of the capital, although they have since

been pushed back to the outskirts. Internet footage of Wednesday’s fire at the General Staff Command Building in central Umayad Square showed flames engulfing its upper floors, indicating explosives were planted inside the building itself. The main gate was completely blackened from the fire while all the windows of the building were blown out. Shards of glass littered the nearby streets, Reuters television foootage showed. The blast gouged a deep crater, apparently where the explosive-laden car blew up. Residents reported that gunfire rattled out around the district for at least two hours after the explosions. Roads in the area were blocked off as ambulances rushed to the scene. “All our colleagues in the military leadership, the army staff command and the Defense Ministry are unhurt,” Information Minister Omran

Zoabi told Syrian Television. Security forces were chasing “armed terrorists” - a term the authorities use to refer to insurgents waging war to oust Assad. “It’s a terrorist act, close to an important site, that’s true. But as usual they failed to achieve their goal,” he said. Activist Sami alShami said the main explosions were caused by a suicide car bombing and second car loaded with explosives on the perimeter of the complex. “Then the fighters went inside and clashed with security inside, while some of the men started to torch the building”. “There must be several security forces dead, there’s no way the rebels could have made it in that far, fighting their way in, without killing any security forces,” he told Reuters. That appeared to tally with accounts from residents who heard gunfire and smaller blasts after the first explosions. “The explosions were very loud. They shook

the whole city and the windows of our house were shuddering,” one resident reached by telephone said. “Black smoke was rising from the area near the army staff building.” A reporter for al-Manar television, run by Assad’s Lebanese ally Hezbollah, said he was in the building after the explosion and saw the bodies of three “armed men”, suggesting clashes between security forces and rebels at the site. Another resident said: “I was woken up at four minutes to seven by the first loud explosion. Five or six minutes later there was a second.” “We’re used to the sound of artillery but these were very big - bigger than usual. I can hear gunfire still,” he said. He said he saw soldiers on the roof of the nearby Air Force Intelligence building, part of the same military complex which was hit. Syria’s conflict, once a peaceful protest movement, has evolved

SOUTH AFRICA—South African ANC

Abe emerges opposition leader TOKYO —Japan’s main opposition party picked former prime minister and security hawk Shinzo Abe as its new leader, giving him another shot at the premiership and possibly alarming Beijing and Seoul, both locked in territorial disputes with Tokyo. Opinion polls suggest that the conservative Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), ousted in 2009 after more half a century of almost non-stop rule, will come first in a lower house election expected within months. That would put Abe in position to become the next prime minister and he wasted no time in laying out his credo, promising to protect Japan’s borders and revive its economy. “Japan’s oceans and territory are being threatened and the economy has stagnated due to prolonged deflation and the strong yen,” he told a news conference after being chosen by party lawmakers. “It is my mission to overcome these difficulties and build a strong and prosperous Japan.” Five years ago Abe, 58, quit after a year in office, citing ill health and many commentators had doubted in his comeback. All LDP leadership contenders had struck hawkish tones as a row with China flared this month after Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda’s government bought some disputed islets in the East China Sea from their private Japanese owner. The islands, known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China, lie near potentially rich natural gas deposits and both countries stood their ground in the long-festering territorial row after their foreign ministers met on Wednesday.— Reuters

Chavez calls for crime fight CARACAS—Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez called for a new fight against crime on Tuesday, acknowledging an issue that voters say is their top concern ahead of an election in less than two weeks. Speaking at a graduation ceremony for more than 8,000 police officers, the socialist leader said the South American country still lacked the specialised forces it needed to solve problems that hit poor neighbourhoods the hardest. “We need preventative, scientific and communitybased police who can help resolve the conflicts in the barrios, between relatives and neighbours, and to fight against the crime that causes so much damage to society,” Chavez said. Armed robberies and murders are common in Venezuela, where more people have been killed during the last five years than have died in Mexico’s drug war. Many city dwellers are reluctant to venture out after dark, and both candidates ahead of the October 7 vote are promising safer streets if they win. Chavez’s rival, 40-year-old state Governor Henrique Capriles, says he has heard the same story of dayto-day problems - crime, unemployment, inefficient public services - on every campaign stop around the country of 29 million.—Reuters

Hasina wants global peace N EW Y ORK —Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has called upon the UN members to reaffirm their political and financial commitment towards building sustainable global peace and security. “I call upon all the members of the United Nations to reiterate our political and financial commitments towards peacebuilding for the sake of sustainable international peace and security,” she said. Hasina made the remarks while delivering her speech as the chair at a high-level meeting on ‘Peace Building: Peace Building- A way forward towards sustainable peace and security’ at the North Lawn Building of the UN Headquarters. UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon, Gambian President Michael Chilufya, Croatian Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic, Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard and Timur Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao spoke on the occasion.—Reuters

increasingly on attacks with homemade bombs, striving to level the playing field against an army using fighter jets, artillery and tanks. At the annual U.N. General Assembly in New York, French President Francois Hollande sought to shake up international inertia over the crisis by calling for U.N. protection of rebel-held areas. “The Syrian regime ... has no future among us,” Hollande said in a speech. “Without any delay, I call upon the United Nations to provide immediately to the Syrian people all the support it asks of us and to protect liberated zones.” Protection for “liberated” areas would require no-fly zones enforced by foreign aircraft, which could stop deadly air raids by Assad’s forces on populated areas. But there is little chance of securing a Security Council mandate for such action given the opposition of veto-wielding members Russia and China.—Reuters

WHO guides on new SARS-like virus

Money-laundering graft renegade Julius Malema was charged with money laundering on Wednesday in a high profile corruption case his supporters say is part of a political plot to silence President Jacob Zuma’s most vocal critic. The trial of Malema, who has backed wildcat miners’ strikes and has been pushing for nationalisation of the mines, is one of the biggest since apartheid ended and Nelson Mandela’s African National Congress (ANC) took power in 1994. Prosecutors at the provincial magistrates’ court in Polokwane, 350 km (220 miles) north of Johannesburg, said Malema had “improperly received” 4.2 million rand (317,635 pounds) in a conspiracy involving government tenders. Malema scoffed at the charges after being released on bail of 10,000 rand. “I’m unshaken... I’ll continue with the struggle for economic freedom,” he told supporters, adding he would visit a platinum mine run by Impala on Thursday to press for a wage strike there. Scores of police deployed razor wire to block more than 1,000 Malema supporters from approaching the court compound in Polokwane, the capital of the 31-yearold’s native Limpopo province. For his ten minute hearing, Malema ditched his trademark Che Guevara-style black beret and white t-shirt for a grey suit and white shirt. He emerged from the court smiling and waving and shook hands with his chanting supporters. Ousted as leader of the ANC Youth League in April for ill-discipline, Malema has returned from the political wilderness with a vengeance in the past several weeks.—Reuters

into a civil war that the U.N. special envoy to Syria, Lakhdar Brahimi, said was “extremely bad and getting worse.” Activists say more than 27,000 people have been killed in the 18-month-old uprising against Assad, and even Damascus has become a battleground. Pro-Assad gunmen killed at least 16 people in the city on Wednesday, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said. The Britishbased Observatory said three of those killed in the poor district of Barzeh, which is sympathetic to opposition fighters, were children and six were women. A correspondent for Iran’s English-language Press TV was shot dead by a rebel sniper and its Damascus bureau chief was wounded while they covered Wednesday’s explosions, Press TV said. With no foreseeable prospect of foreign intervention and diplomacy stuck, outgunned rebels have relied

GENEVA—The World Health travel to the kingdom and Organization on Wednesday urged health workers around the world to report any patient with acute respiratory infection who may have travelled to Saudi Arabia or Qatar and been exposed to a new SARS-like virus confirmed in two people so far. The United Nations agency put out a global alert on Sunday saying a new virus had infected a 49-year-old Qatari who had recently travelled to Saudi Arabia - where another man with an almost identical virus had died. The Qatari remained critically ill in hospital in Britain, according to the WHO’s latest information as of Tuesday. The WHO said on Wednesday no new case of South African former African National Congress (ANC) Youth League leader Julius Malema addresses his support- acute respiratory syndrome with renal failure due to the ers after his court appearance in Polokwane, 350 km (220 miles) north of Johannesburg. new virus had been reported but its investigations continued. “We’ve got things in place should things change, should the behaviour of the virus change,” spokesman Gregory Hartl said. The WHO said it was working closely with Saudi authorities regarding health L ONDON —Britain’s BBC cleric lost an appeal in the Eu- vate audience with the prime for the hajj pilgrimropean courts on Monday minister to discuss topical has apologised to Queen M ISRATA —One of the measures age to Mecca next month Elizabeth after a senior jour- and faces extradition from the issues. There have been 12 Libyan rebels who helped cap- when millions of Muslims nalist reported her private country to the United States. prime ministers since her ture Muammar Gaddafi in a views about one of the Washington accuses him of coronation in 1953, from Win- drain pipe was buried early on country’s best known ter- supporting al Qaeda, aiding ston Churchill to David Wednesday after his relatives rorism suspects, an embar- a kidnapping in Yemen and Cameron. said he had been shot and torRepublic, a group that tured in a rival town. he death rassing disclosure for a plotting to open a U.S. trainmonarch who avoids public ing camp for militants. Delays campaigns for the mona of Omran Shaban on Monday in arresting the cleric angered rchy’s abolition, accused the again highlighted the struggle political statements. BBC security corre- many in the country. News- royal family of a “cynical PR of Libya’s new leaders to rein BRASILIA—A Brazilian court spondent Frank Gardner papers campaigned for his ploy” designed to win popu- in armed groups and could on Tuesday banned an online movie that broadcast details of a pri- extradition, with the Sun us- lar support. The decision to further stoke tensions be- anti-Islam vate conversation with the ing the headline “Sling Your disclose this one conversa- tween The towns of Misrata spawned violent protests queen during which she Hook”, a reference to the tion while keeping all else and Bani Walid, which backed across the Muslim world and supposedly told him she metal hook he wore in place secret smacks of a deliberate opposing sides in the 2011 gave YouTube 10 days to pull the film’s trailer from its had complained to the last of a hand he lost in disputed PR stunt to put the queen on conflict. circumstances. the right side of public opingovernment about radical Shaban shot to fame when website. The decision by a The public broadcaster, ion,” the group’s head Gra- he was seen in pictures grab- state court in Sao Paulo, home Muslim cleric Abu Hamza almainly funded by a fee paid ham Smith said. Masri. bing Gaddafi on October 20. to a large Middle Eastern imAfter well-received cel- before the former Libyan leader migrant community, came The queen was said to by everyone under 75 who be upset that Britain had not owns a television, said the ebrations to mark the was killed in his home town of hours after Brazilian Presiarrested him after he meeting had taken place some queen’s 60 years on the Sirte. According to his rela- dent Dilma Rousseff criticized preached fiery anti-Western years ago. “The conversation throne this summer, the royal tives, Shaban was kidnapped “Islamophobia” in Western sermons outside a mosque should have remained private family has suffered two em- by armed men in July close to countries in a speech at the in London after the Septem- and the BBC and Frank deeply barrassing episodes in recent Bani Walid while on his way United Nations. The lawsuit against the ber 11, 2001 attacks in the regret this breach of confi- weeks. Naked pictures of back to Misrata after he had United States. That was dence. It was wholly inappro- Elizabeth’s grandson Prince been on government business controversial film was awkward for a head of state priate,” the BBC said. Harry at a Las Vegas hotel in western Libya to calm brought by a Brazilian Muswho has no political or ex- Buckingham Palace had no were published around the clashes there. Bani Walid, a lim group, the National Isworld, swiftly followed by former Gaddafi stronghold, lamic Union, against You ecutive role and is expected comment. A former banker, Gardner topless photos of Catherine, lies some 140 km (90 miles) Tube owner Google Inc for to stay neutral in public. The posting on the Internet a film queen has never given a has worked for the BBC since Duchess of Cambridge — the from Misrata. 1997. He was partly paralysed former Kate Middleton who media interview and typi“He was kidnapped on it said was offensive and a cally avoids controversial in 2004 after being shot on is the wife of Harry’s brother his way back by some crimi- violation of the constituassignment in Saudi Arabia. William, second in line to the nal group,” his brother Walid tional right to freedom of extopics in her speeches. The Egyptian-born Elizabeth holds a weekly pri- throne.—Reuters said. “The lower part of his pression. In his decision, body had gunshot wounds Judge Gilson Delgado and he was tortured.” Shaban Miranda said the case juxtawas freed earlier this month posed freedom of expression after mediation efforts by Mohammed Magarief, leader gram is entirely peaceful and “They are certainly conVIENNA—Iran appears to be making headway in building that the reactor will produce tinuing to make progress on of the ruling national cona research reactor that could isotopes for medical and agri- the reactor,” one Vienna- gress.—Reuters based diplomat said. “As long yield potential nuclear cultural use. “There is no reason to se- as we still don’t trust Iran’s weapon material, adding to LONDON—More than 100 milWestern concerns about riously doubt Iran’s resolve to nuclear intentions, even the Tehran’s atomic aims, experts complete this project on time elimination of its enrichment lion people will die and global and diplomats say. The and begin operating the reac- capability will not eliminate all economic growth will be cut West’s worries about Iran are tor,” said Mark Hibbs of the the danger.” Israel, believed to by 3.2 percent of gross domesfocused largely on under- Carnegie Endowment think- be the Middle East’s only tic product (GDP) by 2030 if ground uranium enrichment tank. Most of what is needed nuclear-armed state, sees the world fails to tackle climate plants at Natanz and Fordow, is “dual-use, off-the-shelf Iran’s nuclear program as a sechange, a report commisbut it is also pressing ahead equipment that Iran can buy rious threat and has ramped MOSCOW—Billionaire Krem- sioned by 20 governments with construction of a heavy- all over the world using the up threats of attacking its arch lin critic Alexander Lebedev said on Wednesday. As glowater reactor near the town procurement network it has set enemy. If it does, the nuclear was charged on Wednesday bal average temperatures rise of Arak, which analysts say up” for its nuclear program, he sites at Natanz, Fordow and with “hooliganism” over an due to greenhouse gas emisArak in central Iran are likely incident in which he threw a sions, the effects on the planet, could produce plutonium for said. punch at another Russian such as melting ice caps, exA U.N. report last month to be among the targets. nuclear arms if the spent fuel on Iran’s nuclear program, U.S. President Barack businessmen on a televised treme weather, drought and is reprocessed. Iran now plans to bring which made headlines be- Obama this week warned Iran talk show, and could face up rising sea levels, will threaten Arak on line in the third quar- cause it showed a doubling of he would do what it takes to to five years in jail. populations and livelihoods, Lebedev, a media mag- said the report conducted by ter of 2013, moving up its the uranium enrichment capa- prevent it from getting nuclear timetable from 2014, accord- bility at Fordow, suggested weapons. The European nate and banker, has said he humanitarian organisation ing to the latest U.N. infor- Tehran was also carrying out Union this month said it was believes he is being targeted Dara. mation, although there is un- new work at Arak. The report “deeply worried” Iran had not by President Vladimir Putin It calculated that five milpolitical reasons. lion deaths occur each year certainty whether it will be by the International Atomic suspended activity at the Arak for Russia’s Investigative Comable to meet that target date. Energy Agency (IAEA) said facility, which like other from air pollution, hunger and Iran, rejecting Western alle- cooling and moderator circuit nuclear sites is monitored by mittee said in a statement he disease as a result of climate gations it seeks to develop a piping was being installed U.N. inspectors to ensure had been presented with the change and carbon-intensive capability to assemble atomic when inspectors visited the there is no diversion of nuclear charges of hooliganism and economies, and that toll would battery.—Reuters arms, says its nuclear pro- Arak facility in early August. materials.—Reuters likely rise to six million a year

BBC apologises to Queen over cleric leak

Death to rebel who caught Gaddafi stokes tensions

then return to their home countries. Its clinical guidance to 194 member states said health care workers should be alert to anyone with acute respiratory syndrome that may include fever (above 38°C or 100.4°F) and cough, requiring hospita lisation, who had been in the area where the virus was found or in contact with a suspect or confirmed case within the previous 10 days. The virus, known as a coronavirus also related to the common cold, comes from the same family as SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) which emerged in China in 2002. SARS infected 8,000 people worldwide and killed 800 of them before being brought under control. The WHO said it was identifying a network of laboratories that could provide expertise on coronaviruses to countries. “Though it is a very different virus from SARS, given the severity of the two confirmed cases so far, WHO is engaged in further characterizing the novel coro navirus,” it said, referring to genetic sequencing. — Reuters

Brazil court shuts antiIslam film YouTube

Iran set to build nukes reactor

Billionaire Kremlin critic charged over talk show punch

and the need to protect individuals or groups of people from action that might incite religious discrimination. Miranda concluded that banning something illegal should not “offend” freedom of thought and expression, according to the ruling posted online by Estado de S Paulo newspaper. It wasn’t the only Brazilian court ruling against Google on Tuesday. Earlier, an elections court ordered the arrest of Google’s most senior executive in Brazil after the company failed to take down YouTube videos attacking a local mayoral candidate. The legal challenges underline broader questions about Google’s responsibility for content uploaded by third parties to its websites, such as the anti-Islam video, which mocked the Prophet Mohammad and sparked a wave of protests and violence in the Muslim world.—Reuters

100 m to die by 2030 if no action on climate: Report by 2030 if current patterns of fossil fuel use continue. More than 90 percent of those deaths will occur in developing countries, said the report that calculated the human and economic impact of climate change on 184 countries in 2010 and 2030. It was commissioned by the Climate Vulnerable Forum, a partnership of 20 developing countries threatened by climate change. “A combined climate-carbon crisis is estimated to claim 100 million lives between now and the end of the next decade,” the report said. It said the effects of climate change had lowered global output by 1.6 percent of world GDP, or by about $1.2 trillion a year, and losses could double to 3.2 percent of global GDP by 2030 if global temperatures are allowed to rise.—Reuters


Big guns set to boom in T20 semi-final race C OLOMBO —The

World Twenty20 shifts to a higher gear in Sri Lanka on Thursday when the hot favourites begin an intriguing race for the semi-finals in the Super Eights round. The preliminary league, which ended on Tuesday, separated the men from the boys as lesser teams like Bangladesh, Zimbabwe, Afghanistan and Ireland exited the competition. All eight seeded teams will contest the second round, divided into two groups with the top two from each half advancing to the semi-finals. The road to the Super Eights was bumpy for some and a smooth ride for others and with monsoon rains set to add to the uncertainty, the next round promises another roller coaster ride. Australia, South Africa, India and Pakistan, clubbed together for the Super Eights in the ‘group of death’, all came through unscathed by winning both their preliminary matches. But in the other half, defending champions England, New Zealand and hosts Sri Lanka moved up with just one win each, with

the West Indies going through without even winning a game. Darren Sammy’s Caribbean stars lost to Australia and then had their match against Ireland abandoned

gland will look to put their campaign back on track after suffering an embarrassing 90-run loss to India in Colombo on Sunday when they were bowled out for their lowest T20 total of 80.

due to rain, allowing them to scrape through with a superior run-rate over the Irish. England won the last edition in 2010 after a similar winless start in the preliminary round. The West Indies take on England in the second match of Thursday’s double-header in Pallekele, following the opener between Sri Lanka and New Zealand. Stuart Broad’s En-

The action will hot up with the group two doubleheader in Colombo on Friday when power-packed South Africa meet Pakistan, before India take on Australia later at night. “The pressure and tension are only going to rise as we get closer to that India match because it’s a huge game,” veteran Australian batsman Mike Hussey said on Wednesday.

The marquee fixture in the Super Eights will be Sunday’s clash between India and Pakistan in Colombo, the first T20 international between the arch-rivals since the inaugural World Twenty20 final in 2007. A well-balanced Pakistan, boosted by the presence of prolific spinner Saeed Ajmal in a versatile bowling unit, will look to break the jinx of never having beaten India in the 50-over World Cup or the World Twenty20. Indian captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni, whose young side defeated Pakistan in the 2007 final in Johannesburg, played down the hype over Sunday’s game. The competition will be intense as even two wins out of three in a Super Eights group may not guarantee a semi-final berth if one team loses every match and the other three beat each other. If teams are equal on points, run-rates will determine which one loses out. With bad weather forecast for the rest of the tournament, several twists and turns could be on the cards before the winner is crowned on October 7.—AFP

Today Match England vs West Indies

FBR freezes PCB account

Recovery of amount from PCB bank account an illegal act L AHORE —Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) and Federal Board of Revenue (FBR)’s row has once again intensified, as the latter has frozen the account of PCB over non-payment. Sources said that PCB has an outstanding amount of Rs30 million on account of withholding tax, while FBR taking action frozen their account for non-payment. Meanwhile, Pakistan Cricket Board said here on Wednesday that in the presence of the issued Stay Order from Appellate Tribunal Inland Revenues in favour of PCB the recovery of amount from PCB bank Account is an illegal act. A PCB spokesman said this in response to media reports about freezing of PCB bank account by FBR and recovery of withholding tax from the account. “FBR did not serve any GALLE: Merissa Aguillera and Deandra Dottin celebrate after reaching the winning target notice to PCB before recover- during New Zealand vs West Indies Women’s World Twenty20 2012, Group B match. ing money from PCB bank account and an opportunity of being heard was required before doing such act”, he said adding in presence of the issued Stay Order from Honorable Appellate Tribunal Inland Revenues in favour of PCB recovery of this amount from PCB bank Account is an illegal acts.—APP

Women’s World T20 2012

South Africa, West Indies score comfortable wins

Taufel to retire after World T20 C OLOMBO —The International Cricket Council announced on Wednesday that seasoned umpire Simon Taufel will step down from on-field duties next month to take up a new job as an umpires’ supervisor. Taufel, 41, will leave the elite panel of umpires at the conclusion of the World Twenty20 in Sri Lanka on October 7 and begin his new role as the ICC’s umpire performance and training manager. The Australian official, who was adjudged the umpire of the year for five consecutive years from 2004 to 2008, has stood in 74 Tests and 174 oneday internationals since his debut in 1999.—AFP

PALLEKELE: Andy Flower addresses a group of players during batting practice on Wednesday.

Sana Mir lone World T20 2012, Super Eights Pakistani in West Indies target ICC women’s rankings England spin problem KARACHI—Pakistan women P ALLEKELE —England will He claimed Tim Southee as cricket team’s skipper Sana Mir face another examination is the lone Pakistani player at against spin in their first eighth spot as a bowler in the World Twenty20 Super Eights tie against West Indies in Pallakele on Thursday. Destroyed by India’s Harbhajan Singh and Piyush Chawla at the group stage, they must now combat West Indies’ Sunil Narine and a potential unknown accomplice, Samuel Badree. Narine is West Indies’ “trump card” according to their captain, Darren Sammy, but perhaps it is possible to exaggerate the likely extent of the ordeal after England’s batting horrors against India. The most danger to England is more likely to emanate from the usual place: West Indies’ long list of destructive batselite top 20 list of the ICC men. Narine had a bowling avWomen’s T20 player rankings which were launched in Co- erage of 199 in England last lombo. The launching cer- summer in all competitions emony took place just two days his only wicket came when before the start of women’s he dismissed Jonathan Trott World Twenty20 in Galle on in an ODI at the Rose Bowl Wednesday. The top 20 list for and Trott is not even here. batters see no Pakistani woman. After his success in the IPL, However, Sana Mir is England played Narine rather placed at eighth spot with 607 well. If he is to prove a trump points in the list for bowlers card, it will have needed a while there is no Pakistani in change of suit since the sides the top-five all-rounders’ list. last met. As for Badree, he is a 31Pakistan have been placed in Group ‘A’ along with En- year-old legspinner from gland, Australia and India and Trinidad whose international they open their campaign exposure amounts to two against England in Galle on T20I matches against New Zealand in the United States. Thursday.—PPI

his only wicket and is the only international player who can fairly claim to be bigger in Florida than the rest of the cricketing world. There again, he is an unknown quantity and, in England’s current state, that is a good thing to be. It is not that the Pallakele pitch is expected to favour the spinners, not this early in the tournament anyway, just that West Indies have unsurprisingly taken a view. It was hard not to after the way England capitulated to India, bowled out for 80, their lowest Twenty20 score. But even if you add in the offspin of Chris Gayle and Marlon Samuels, who are both most notable for the expenditure of a minimal number of calories in delivery, England will be telling themselves that their fallibility against spin is in danger of being overplayed. England’s T20I captain, Stuart Broad, is doing his best to shrug it off. “We are ready for that,” he said. “It is not as if we have found out yesterday that people are going to bowl spin at us. Coming to Sri Lanka, we sort of knew that because those are the conditions we will face. It is important as individuals we try to counteract it.”—AFP

GALLE—West Indies opened over with captain Suzie Bates van Neikerk sharing two wicktheir World Twenty20 campaign with a notable victory against New Zealand in Galle as Deandra Dottin slammed a quick fifty, making short work of a decent total to complete a seven-wicket win. It was their first victory over New Zealand in either T20s or ODIs. Chasing 118, West Indies were pegged back by the dual loss of opener Tremayne Smartt and No. 3 Shanel Daley in the second over bowled by Erin Bermingham. But Dottin came together with Stafanie Taylor in a rapid 82-run stand that turned the game in West Indies’ favour. Dottin hit six fours and two sixes in her unbeaten 42-ball 58 as West Indies completed the chase with two overs to spare. New Zealand, put into bat, laid a strong platform as they reached 63 for 1 in the tenth

contributing 32 off 34 balls. But the fall of Sophie Devine triggered a collapse - New Zealand lost the next eight wickets for 47 - although the run-rate stayed around six an over. New Zealand’s 117 was the second highest total in Sri Lanka, but Dottin’s innings made the difference. West Indies leapfrogged South Africa in Group B points-table on account of a better net run-rate after both teams notched up a win on the opening day of the Women’s World T20. Earlier, South Africa produced a strong performance in the field to score a comfortable six-wicket win against Sri Lanka in the opening match of Women’s World T20 in Galle. After choosing to bowl, South Africa reduced the home side to 17 for 4 within the first eight overs - Susan Benade and Dane

ets apiece. Sri Lanka lost their fifth wicket when Marizanne Kapp effected a run out in the tenth over. Four more run outs followed and Sri Lanka were only able to manage 79. Captain Dilani Manodara top scored with 24 in an innings where nine batsmen failed to get into double figures. South Africa wicketkeeper Trisha Chetty, who was involved in six dismissals in the first innings - four run outs, one stumping and one catch - led the response with a 40-ball 33. Apart from a minor hiccup in the tenth over when Deepika Rasangika got the wicket of Benade caught behind and two balls later, Sri Lanka manged to run out South Africa captain Mignon du Preez, there was no pressure on the batsmen and South Africa cruised to the target in the 18th over.—AFP

It will be real challenge for Pakistan now Comments Salahuddin Haider

P

AKISTAN qualified for super-8 round of the World T-20 competition but needs to work harder for the real challenges that now lies ahead. From tomorrow(Sept 27), the eight teams qualifying for the tougher rounds, will play three matches each in their respective groups. Pakistan has been placed in the tougher of the two groups, and will face world champions, India, four-times world champions Australia, and the much improved South African team. India and Pakistan both have been T-20 champions. The third title holder, England is in second group with West Indies, Sri Lanka and Newzealand. Though England are the reigning champions, their performance is far from satisfactory, and not much hope is built around it. However in this shortest version of the game, which is more of entertainment and less of technique, nothing can be said with any amount of certainty. Although Pakistan has won both its initial round matches against Newzealand and Bangla Desh, it has to do lot of soul searching whether it is really equipped to humble such towering opponents as Australia, India and South Africa. Hafeez’s men sur-

vived narrowly against the Kiwis, having put on 177, they found it difficult to contain the rivals and managed to beat them just by 13 runs. Against Bangla Desh, the magic of its our bowling attack has almost vanished. Bnagla Desh is a much improved side than what it was until few years ago, and showed its batting prowess when it piled up 175 on Tuesday. While full credit is due to the BD for their fine performance, basically it was Hafeez’s captaincy that comes under review here. Umar Gul was asked to bowl faster. He complied with his skipper ’s orders, and was thrashed all over, conceding 29 runs in two overs. The result was obvious, he forgot his line and length, and when tried to use Yorker as weapon in which he specialises, he often bowled full tosses, and twice was sent out of the park. Sakibu Hasan, hammered a delightful 84 off 54 deliveries studded with 11 fours and two sixes. He looked set for giving his side a big score, but fell to a well judged catch by Umar Akmal near the fence off Yassir Arafat. The BD opening wicket stand of 47 also was a warning for Pakistan that Hafeez can not always be the opening bowler.The Pakistani captain was dispatched mercilessly to all over the ground in his very first over. Similar treatment was meted out to Sohail Tanveer, Umar

Gul,Yassir Arafat, and even Saeed Ajmal. The latter two nevertheless showed enormous nerves to seek sweet revenge in their last overs, both claiming two wickets each in their last of the four quota overs. Even Against Newzealand, Pakistan was lucky to see Mccallum getting out in most unfortunate fashion. He had hit out 32 off 37 deliveries with 4 fours and 2 sixes. He is a pinch hitter, and possess the power to treat any bowler with scant rsspect.An Umar Gul deliver,played by him, rolled over slowly to dislodge his bails. That came as a great relief to the fielding side.His slightly longer at the wicket, could have caused problems for Pakistan. However in three of the four pre-tournament and main competition matches in Sri Lanka, Pakistan batting has been a good augury. Hafeez and Imran Nazir, and then Nassir Jamshed, Umar Akmal and Kamran Akmal, all contributed immensely to Pakistan victories, whether it was the hot run chase against India in the warm-up match or the two fixtures against Newzealand and Bangla Desh. The side total of 184(against India in warm up match), 177 against Newzealand, and 178 for 2 against Bangla Desh builds enormous hope for the main competitions now. Pakistan

has beaten India.The latter will naturally be jittery against them in the super-8 rounds, scheduled for Sept 30 and against Australia on Oct 2.Even South Africa will be a tough side to beat. Some of their players are in tremendous form. Pakistan will have to be real technicians against all their three rivals. If for India, Guatam Gambhir, Sehwag,Virat Kohli, Rohit Sharma,Suresh Raina, Yuvraj and Dhoni himself, are capable of tearing any bowling attack of the world to shreds, It will be Warner,Watson, and Mike Hussey for Austrtalia who will have to be watched, and treated carefully. For South Africa, there are numerous batsmen capable of piling up runs. However, the way Pakistan chased the runs so far in Sri Lanka, hold enormous promise that first six of its batsmen can, with commitment and dedication, can win the day for their side. Hafeez has played two good innings in the main competition. Imran Nazir impressed with his career best 72 off 36 balls with 9 fours and 3 sixes, Kamran Akmal for his 22 in 20 balls with 4 fours, and Nasir Jamshed who hit up a classy 56 against Newzealand to help Pakistan register victory in their first match of the tournament, played well again against Bangla Desh.His 29

off 14 balls with 2 fours and equal number of 6s, were a real delight for his fans, team and the countrymen. He is a vastly improved player now and gets going from the start to upset the rivals bowlers line and length and also the field positions. Umar Akmal in a match against Australia had stole the victory that looked elusive.Simlarly, Kamran Akmal’s 92 not out against India in the warm up game, and again against Bangla Desh in the second of our competition match, raises genuine hope of their ability to overcome the mightiest of the sides in the world. Pakistan batting had been a weak link for many, many years, but in Sri Lanka, things seems to have changed for good. Pakistan bowling has declined in standard after the new coach came from Britain. Without him, our bowlers were much more assertive. Shahid Afridi needs to be more focus now. He has been lacking so far. His batting is almost forgotten, but his bowling and fielding kept him the side. The bowling is beginning to be questioned. Also why have we taken Razzak. He is being wasted. He may have some problems in the fielding, but his bowling and batting had always delivered. He should be given a chance.


Exercise protects heart from injury

A

STUDY has found new evidence that the nitric oxide generated during physical exercise protects the heart from injury. Researchers at Emory University School of Medicine have identified the ability of the heart to produce and store nitric oxide as an important way in which exercise protects the heart from injury. Nitric oxide, a shortlived gas generated within the body, turns on chemical pathways that relax blood vessels to increase blood flow and activate survival pathways. Both the chemical nitrite and nitrosothiols, where nitric oxide is attached to proteins via sulfur, appear to act as convertible reservoirs for nitric oxide in situations where the body needs it, such as a lack of blood flow or oxygen. The Emory team‘s study strengthens the case for nitrite and nitrosothiols as possible protectants from the damage of a heart attack. The authors are John Calvert, PhD., assistant professor of surgery at Emory University School of Medicine, and David Lefer, PhD, professor of surgery at Emory University School of Medicine and director of the Cardiothoracic Research Laboratory at Emory University Hospital Midtown. “Our study provides new evidence that nitric oxide generated during physical exer-

cise is actually stored in the bloodstream and heart in the form of nitrite and nitrosothiols,” Lefer said. “These more stable nitric oxide intermediates appear to be critical for the cardioprotection against a subsequent heart attack,” he stated. The researchers found that voluntary exercise boosted levels of an enzyme that produces nitric oxide (eNOS, endothelial nitric oxide synthase). Moreover, the levels of eNOS in heart tissue, and nitrite and nitrosothiols in the blood as well as heart tissue, stayed high for a week after exercise ceased, unlike other heart enzymes stimulated by exercise. The protective effects of exercise did not extend beyond four weeks after the exercise period was over, however, when nitrite and nitrosothiols in the heart returned to baseline. Another molecule that appears to be important for the benefits of exercise is the beta-3-adrenergic receptor, which allows cells to respond to the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine. Additional animal studies are currently underway in Lefer‘s lab to determine the potential benefit of beta-3-adrenergic receptor activating drugs following a heart attack. The findings have been published online in the journal Circulation Research.

56 KMC employees selected to perform Hajj KARACHI—A one-day training gram, Metropolitan Commis- we had been provided precious program was organized for the intending Hajj pilgrims of the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC), here in the City Institute of Image Management (CIIM), KMC old Building. Total 56 employees of the KMC had been selected through balloting to perform Hajj this year, said a statement issued by the KMC on Wednesday. Addressing the training pro-

sioner Matanat Ali Khan said the intending pilgrims are the ambassadors of the country. He called upon the intending pilgrims to pray for peace, brotherhood and prosperity in the country and especially in Karachi and this program was specially arranged for you to learn rituals of Hajj. The KMC employees expressing their feelings said that

information about performing Hajj through this program. Director CIIM Muhammad Shahid has said that it was first training program of current fiscal year 2012-13 and 56 employees of the KMC will perform Hajj this year. Later, the Metropolitan Commissioner distributed certificates among the participants of the training program.—APP

Mufti Munib hails Zardari’s UN address

Rural, urban techers to get equal allowance : Minister KARACHI—The teachers serv-

KARACHI—A prominent reli- ing in the urban and rural areas gious scholar and chairman of the Central Ruet-i-Hilal Committee, Mufti Munib ur Rehman, has hailed President Asif Ali Zardari’s address at the General Assembly session of the United Nations. He said here on Wednesday that President Zardari drew the attention of the international community towards the blasphemous film that has hurt the sentiments of the Muslims around the world. Mufti Munib said that by doing so President Zardari represented the sentiments of the people of Pakistan as well as the Muslims the world over. He further stated that there is a need for coming up with a strategy in consultation with the international community to address this problem. Mufti Munib also called for convening the meeting of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) on the issue.—APP

would be given equal allowance. This was stated by the Sindh Minister for Education, Pir Mazhar ul Haq. He was talking to a delegation of Government Secondary Teachers Association Sindh in his office here on Tuesday. The Minister said that the government is committed towards the betterment of the teachers.

He stated that on the pattern of college teachers, the school teachers in the province would also be given equal allowances. Pir Mazhar informed that 800 primary schools have been given the status of elementary schools. He was of the view that under the new education policy, the primary schools in the province would be converted into elementary schools. The Minister said that the

posts of primary, junior and high school teachers would be converted into two cadres- elementary teachers grade 16 and senior elementary teachers grade 17. He further pointed out that dollars 100 million to be received from the World Bank would be spent towards the recruitment of teachers, provision of free course books to students and rehabilitation of schools in the province.—APP

KARACHI—The youths are the asset of the country and the government is taking every step for their progress and betterment. This was stated by the Sindh Minister for Youth Affairs, Syed Faisal Ali Subzwari, while presiding over a meeting in his office here. The Minister said that the process of formation of the provincial youth policy is going ahead in a speedy manner.

‘Talks on with PPP differences’

He pointed out that for the consultation in this regard, workshops were also conducted in Karachi, Hyderabad, Mirpurkhas, Dadu, Sukkur, Kashmore, Mithi and Thatta. The Bargad Organization for Youth and the UNFPA were also contacted for ascertaining the problems of the youngsters, it was further stated. Faisal Subzwari said that in the formation of the youth

policy, importance is being given to the opinion and suggestions from the younger generations. He said that in the proposed youth policy attention would be paid towards education, technical and skill training, expertise in technology as well as empowering the youth economically as well. The Minister pointed out that steps would also be taken

rangements for the churches and the Christian localities be reviewed and strengthened further. This was directed by the Inspector General of Police (IGP), Sindh, Fayyaz Ahmed Leghari. A police statement here on Wednesday said that he issued the directives to this effect in a meeting with a delegation led by Bishop Sadiq Danial. Additional IG Karachi, Iqbal Mahmood, who was also present at the meeting informed that security is being provided at 428 churches in the metropolis. However, in the wake of the incident in Mardan, more police personnel are being deployed. The IGP said that the government gives special attention to the security to the minorities communities and their places of worship. He directed the police that the security arrangements should be made more effective. Leghari asked the zonal DIGs to nominate senior police officers as the focal persons for the resolution of the problems of the minorities in their respective areas.—APP

KARACHI: Students of Karachi University hold a demonstration against the blasphmous film.

Report on factory fire to be submitted tomorrow K ARACHI — The

tribunal formed to investigate the cause of fire which erupted in one of Karachi’s factory killing at least 258 people on Sept 11 would present its report to the Sindh government tomorrow. Two Medico-Legal Officers (MLO) on Wednesday recorded their statements to the tribunal which was headed by Justice (Retd) Zahid Qurban Alvi. The MLO of Jinnah hospital Dr Jagdeesh Kumar presented post-mortem reports of nine of the victims of the factory fire. He said that these people died because of intensity of the fire and excess inhaling of carbon-monoxide. Some people died because of fear, shock and ingestion of poisonous gases in stomach and

brain, he added. The MLO of the Civil Hospital Dr Abdul Haq presented post-mortem reports of the 15 people deceased in the incident. He said that a certain type of chemical test of the dead bodies could have ascertained the cause of the fire but there was no facility in the country to conduct those tests. The tribunal adjourned the hearing after recording statements. The tribunal said that it would submit the investigative report to the Sindh government by Sept 28. The statements of the owners, fire officer and other government officials have already been recorded by the tribunal. Earlier on Monday, the

owners of the factory, while recording their statement, said that despite many calls to the fire department, the fire fighters reached the factory after an hour of the incident. The owners had also claimed that during the firefighting and rescue operation by the fire department, the water in their reserves was finished and the rescue operation was halted for some time. At least 258 workers perished in the horrific fire that destroyed the garment factory named Ali Enterprises in Karachi on Sept 11, an unprecedented industrial tragedy that prompted calls for an overhaul of poor safety standards.—INP

Ishrat-ul-Ebad has said MQM would continue dialogue with PPP despite reservations. Talking to media in Karachi Ebad said discussion is underway between the MQM and the PPP to resolve the differences. He said that MQM chief Altaf Hussain always took decisions in the best interest of democracy. PPP and MQM delegations will hold meeting on Wednesday to discuss the differences.—NNI

the on going extremism in world, international community must review its opinion about Pakistan and Muslim World, as Pakistanis are loving and hospitable nation. There is dire need to have more research on medicinal plants as various fatal diseases can be avoided by developing effective drugs by plants.” These views were expressed by the national and international scientists on

4-day 13th International Symposium on Natural Product Chemistry, held at the International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), Karachi University (KU). The ceremony was addressed by English scientist Patrick G. Steel, Dr. Banasri Hazra of India, N. Waksman of Mexico, Christophe Wiart of Malaysia and Former Chairman Higher Education Commission Prof. Dr. Atta-ur-

Bilawal House flays Nawaz’s remarks against PPP KARACHI—The spokesman for Bilawal House, Aijaz Durrani, has flayed the remarks of the PML-N leader Mian Nawaz Sharif against the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and the Bhutto Family. In a statement here on Tuesday, Aijaz Durrani was of the view that Mian Nawaz Sharif was using the language of his ‘political mentor Zia ul Haq’. He said that by doing so Nawaz Sharif was ‘exposing his real face before the masses’.—APP

rested at least six suspects during search operation against extortionists and recovered arms and hand grenades from their possession here on early Wednesday morning. An abducted girl was also rescued. According to details, on a tip off the police launched search operation against criminals and extortionist in Dalmia area of the city. During the operation, the police checked the documents of the dwellers and took into custody six suspected extortionists after exchange of fire and recovered huge cache of weapons and hand grenades from their custody. A kidnapped girl was also recovered from their home, police said. A police cop also K ARACHI — Jmiat Ulma-ereceived injuries in exchange Islam , Karachi, Qari of fire who was shifted to hos- KARACHI: A two-member delegation led by Sadiq Daniel called on IGP Sindh Fayyaz Muhammad Usman on Ahmed Laghari at CPO. pital for treatment.—INP Wednesday welcomed President Asif Ali Zardari’s address to the United Nations’ General Assembly and said President Asif Ali Zardari rightly represented the Muslim Ummah especially the Rahman. Over 600 national and The foreign scientists said that ies of more medicinal plants will ICCBS Karachi University in Muslims of Pakistan on the the world of science. foreign scientists and research- it is an honour for Pakistan to boost up the pace of research in Talking to media, Prof. I. blasphemy issue. ers from 40 countries have par- organize such a useful science this region. The south countries In his comments to APP ticipated in the symposium, conference. They applauded the are required to use positively P. Gerothanassis of Greece said here , Qari Muhammad Usman that international community which is considered as one of efforts of the administration of their natural resources for oburged the Muslim community the most prestigious interna- ICCBS towards organizing taining the required growth and must review its opinion about to prove their unity in protectPakistan and Muslim World, as tional events in the field of natu- regularly these types of sympo- advancement,” they said. ing the sanctity of Islam that siums, seminars, conferences, Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman Pakistanis are devoted and hos- includes extreme respect for ral product sciences. The four days of vigorous workshops etc., and said that this pointed out that on the call of pitable nation. Meanwhile, Allah Almighty , all the holy scientific program included 10 effort would strengthen the co- ICCBS around 600 scientists Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman and Di- prophets and the holy books. plenary lectures, 23 invited pre- operation among the scientists from 40 countries of the world rector ICCBS Prof. Dr Iqbal Every Muslim on the earth sentations and some 60 session of the world. “The field of natu- gathered in the University de- Choudhary distributed the cer- must strongly resist any action lectures. Along with this over ral product chemistry needs spite of poor law and order situ- tificates among the participants or speech that amounts to dis100 posters have also been pre- more attention and progress in ation prevailing in the country; and position holders of the respect of any of the above, he sented by the young scholars. third world countries. Discover- this shows the credibility of the poster competition.—NNI emphasized. —APP

World must review opinion about Pakistan: Scientists

while speaking at KARACHI—Sindh Governor KARACHI—“Keeping in view Wednesday, the concluding ceremony of the

were killed and several others injured in fresh spate of target killing in different localities of the city on Wednesday. According to details, unknown armed men shot dead a man identified as Zaheer Abbas while he was returning after leaving his children at school in Gulberg area of the city. The body was shifted to Imam Bargah located in Ancholi Society. In Faqeer Colony near Shahjehan Chowk area of Orangi Town, Naeem, 27, was killed in firing of unknown miscreants.—INP

KARACHI—The security ar-

KARACHI — The police ar-

Provincial youth policy on the cards: Minister

KARACHI—At least two persons

IGP for tightening churches’ security

Abducted girl recovered

KARACHI: A large number of people travelling on rooftop of a passenger bus.

2 fall victim to target killing

JUI welcomes President’s address at UN


Vitamin D deficiency may up risk of heart disease

L

OW levels of vitamin D are associ ated with a markedly higher risk of heart attack and early death, according to a new research. The study involved more than 10,000 Danes and was conducted by the University of Copenhagen and Copenhagen University Hospital. Vitamin D deficiency has traditionally been linked with poor bone health. However, the results from several population studies indicate that a low level of this important vitamin may also be linked to a higher risk of ischemic heart disease, a designation that covers heart attack, coronary arteriosclerosis and angina. Other studies show that vitamin D deficiency may increase blood pressure, and it is well known that high blood pressure increases the risk of heart attack. “We have now examined the association between a low level of vitamin D and ischemic heart disease and death in the largest study to date. We observed that low levels of vitamin D compared to optimal levels are linked to 40 percent higher risk of ischemic heart disease, 64 percent higher risk of heart attack, 57 percent higher risk of early death, and to no less than 81 percent higher risk of death from heart disease,” said Dr. Peter Brondum-Jacobsen, Clinical Biochemical Department, Copenhagen University Hospital. T h e higher risks are visible, even after adjust-

ment for several factors that can influence the level of vitamin D and the risk of disease and death. This is one of the methods scientists use to avoid bias. The population study that forms the basis for this scientific investigation is the Copenhagen City Heart Study, where levels of vitamin D were measured in blood samples from 19811983. Participants were then followed in the nationwide Danish registries up to the present. “With this type of population study, we are unable to say anything definitive about a possible causal relationship. But we can ascertain that there is a strong statistical correlation between a low level of vitamin D and high risk of heart disease and early death,” said Borge Nordestgaard, clinical professor at the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen and senior physician at Copenhagen University Hospital.. The explanation may be that a low level of vitamin D directly leads to heart disease and death. However, it is also possible that vitamin deficiency is a marker for poor health generally,” he added. The scientists are now working to determine whether the connection between a low level of vitamin D and the risk of heart disease is a genuine causal relationship.

LAHORE: PML-N President Muhammad Nawaz Sharif holds talks with the President Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party Mehmood Khan Achakzai. Raja Zafar ul Haq, Iqbal Zafar Jhagra, Ahsan Iqbal and others are also present.

Punjab schools to have 5515 IT labs

President’s address in UN comprehensive: Governor

LAHORE—Provincial Minis- L AHORE—Punjab Governor as Pakistan nation in the war sue of Kashmir according to

ter for Education, Mian Mujtaba Shuja-ur-Rehman has said that IT labs have been set up in more than 5000 high schools and 515 middle schools. Talking to a delegation of journalists from Bagh, Azad Kashmir here on Wednesday, the minister said that modern science labs have been established at 1,000 high schools of the province at a cost of Rs 1 billion. Mujtaba said the government was providing modern education facilities to the children and 80,000 children have been admitted in Govt schools from private schools. He said that 180,000 schools are providing education to the children in the province and one teacher is available for 31 students whereas, after the new recruitment, one teacher will be LAHORE: Activists of APCA Union chanting slogans during a protest demonstration available for 29 students. against anti Islam American film outside Press Club. He further said that four billion will be spent for the provision of necessary facilities in primary and middle schools, whereas, Rs 5.2 million will be spent on the upgradation of girls middle schools in the province.—APP

LHC calls report from ministry in Hajj quota case L AHORE —Lahore

High Court Chief Justice Umar Ata Bandial Wednesday sought a report from Religiopus Affairs Ministry regarding process of allocation of Haj quota to new Haj group organisors (HGOs) by September 28. The chief justice passed orders on a petition filed by Ashfaq Ahmad Mirza and others against not allotting Haj quota to new HGOs despite court orders. Earlier, Religious Affairs Ministry’s counsel appeared before the court and submitted that 30 new short listed HGOs had submitted pay orders which were being verified.

Robbers gang busted LAHORE—The police busted five-member robbers gang during a raid and recovered arms and looted valuables from their possession here on Wednesday. According to details, the police on secret information conducted raid in Garden Town area of Lahore. The criminals present in the area resisted and tried to flee but police arrested all the five members of the robbers gang. The police claimed to have recover arms including Kalashnikovs, pistols, hundreds of rounds of different bores, mobile phones and other looted valuables from the possession of the detainees.—INP

He submitted that as soon as verification process complete, offer letters would be issued to them. He also pointed out that ministry would provide recognition letter and visa facilitation support to the new HGOs. The court after hearing the arguments adjourned matter till September 28 and sought a report about the process. The chief justice also temporarily hold proceedings on show cause notices earlier issued to the secretary, additional secretay and a section officer of the Religious Affairs Ministry on non-compliance of court or-

ders in the case. The petitioners, in their petition, submitted that the court ordered religious ministry to allot a quota of 5,000 pilgrims to new HGOs and complete the process by June 18.However, the respondents were delaying the matter to avoid allotment of quota to new HGOs, they added. They pleaded the court to initiate contempt proceedings against the respondents for disobeying court order. Earlier, the secretary Religious Affairs assured the court that a quota of 540 pilgrims would be allocated to new short listed HGOs who qualify as per Haj policy 2012.—APP

Shahbaz to open Thokar model Bazaar L A H O R E —DCO Noor-ulAmin Mengal has stated that Thokar Niaz Baig Sunday Bazaar would be a role model for other model bazaars of the city and Chief Minister Punjab Mian Shahbaz Sharif would inaugurate it on coming week. He expressed these views while paying visit to the Thokar Niaz Baig Model Sunday Bazaar to check its construction work. ADC (G) Musarat Jabeen, Assistant Commissioner Nadia Saqib, EDO Municipal Services, EDO Works & Services and others were present on the oc-

casion. DCO inspected stalls, toilets and waiting room and revealed that parking would also be given to this bazaar. He further stated that balloting for the allotment of 144 bazaars would be held on 29th September. Noor-ul-Amin Mengal also appreciated the construction work and better monitoring of AC Riawind Nadia Saqib. DCO, Lahore further directed TMO Iqbal Town to immediately fulfil the sewerage work in front of the bazaar so that people could not face any problem.—APP

2 arrested, weapons seized

Sardar Latif Khan Khosa has hailed the speech of President Asif Ali Zardari in the United Nation General assembly session and termed it comprehensive and voice of the Muslim Ummah. Talking to APP at Governor ’s House on Wednesday, he said the President had presented the case of 1.5 billion Muslims of the world in an effective manner. He said that blasphemous movies and caricatures hurt the religious feelings of the Muslims so the president had rightly demanded legislation on blasphemy. He said that President Zardari has represented the parliament and nation about terrorism by telling the international community that Pakistan had sacrificed 37,000 lives of civilians and 7000 lives of troops and there was not a single nation which had presented as much sacrifices

on terror. The Governor said the president asked then what about the question of ‘Do More’?, adding, so the president said that he had not come to answer as it was now turn of other nations to do more. The president presented the stance of the nation about drone attacks and asked the United States to stop Drone attacks as such attacks proved counter-productive and caused killings of innocent people. He said that killings of innocent children, women and elderly people caused hatred and frustration so drone attacks should be stopped as such attacks were also against the international law and violation of the sovereignty of the country. Khosa said the president had urged the international community to resolve the is-

the resolutions of the United Nations passed in 1949. “The president has also demanded Palestine should be given status of a nation in the UN,” he added. The Governor said the president proved himself as leader of the Muslim of the world and urged the UN to implement its resolutions and decisions as the dream of peace could not come true without strengthening the institution of the UN. Meanwhile, President’s Coordinator Naveed Chaudhry has hailed the speech of President Asif Ali Zardari in the UN general assembly in which he presented a clear and bold stance of Pakistan on various issues facing the country. Talking to APP here on Wednesday, he said that President in his speech stressed the need for world peace by adopting rational approach.—APP

PTI to launch ‘Save Pakistan Fund’ L A H O R E — P a k i s t a n sure from workers and lead- But the support would be

Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) has de- ers regarding giving tickets provided in terms of material like banners, pamphlets, The point, however, was transport and other logistic Fund” campaign to support its candidates for next elec- raised while considering resources instead of giving tions who have not sufficient fielding educated youth that hard cash. PTI insiders have also resources to run in the con- such people would lack financial resources to run election insisted that their party has test. made advancement in seatThe PTI spokesperson campaigns. To solve this obstacle, to-seat adjustment with posaid on Wednesday that the campaign would include Imran Khan and his close litical and religious party party chariman Imran Khan aides decided to run coun- Jamaat-e-Islami.—INP appealing for donations in trywide fundraising cambusiness centres and resi- paign once process of finalizing PTI candidates is comdential areas. It should be mentioned pleted. The money collected that as the general election through the campaign would is drawing nearer, chairman be used for candidates with PTI was under severe pres- weak financial background.

LAHORE—Lahore Police ar- cided to run “Save Pakistan to educated youth. rested two criminals and recovered weapons from their possession at Baghbanpura area on Wednesday. Police recovered weapons, including two klashinkov, one 7MM gun, six rifles, four pistols and hundreds of rounds and arrested the accused. The criminals were identified as Muhammad Amin and Munawwar Hussain. Police have registered a case against the accused.— APP

Three family members killed in roof collapse

L AHORE —A couple and an infant were killed when roof of their house collapsed at Rana Town, Hanjerwal area on Wednesday. Rescue 1122 spokesman said that Babar, his wife Musarat and one and a half years old Saif were present in their house when suddenly its roof caved in. As a result, all the three came under the debris and died on the spot. The volunteers of Rescue 1122 rushed to the spot and pulled out the bodies from the debris after hectic efforts and shifted them to Jinnah Hospital. On receiving information, DCO Lahore Noorul Amin reached the spot. He said that cause of incident might be the use of substanLAHORE: PTI Chairman Imran Khan addressing a Press conference flanked by ex- dard building material in the house.—APP MNA Mian Jalil Ahmed Sharaqpuri, who joined PTI.

Lawyers demonstration against profane movie Lawyers to stage a demonstration against profane movie

L AHORE —Lahore

High Court Bar Association and District Bar Association would hold a protest demonstration against the profane movie on Friday and boycott court proceedings. The lawyers would march to Islamabad to register their protest. Talking to APP, President Lahore High Court Bar Association Sheikh Ahsan ud Din condemned the film, terming it a conspiracy against the muslims and Islam. He said that no one would be allowed to defame Islam and its teaching. He said that we respect our beloved Prophet Peace be Upon Him (PBUH) and said that no one would be allowed to disrespect our prophet. He said that it is our collective responsibility to unite to tackle the issue and the Muslim Ummah should play its role in this regard.—APP

Unfit vehicles not to run on highways LAHORE—Unfit, altered and modified vehicles without an approval of competent authorities will not be allowed to travel on national highways. Addressing a seminar on “Road Safety” held by National Highways and Motorway Police N-5 Central Sector-I, Okara on Wednesday, SSP Mirza Faran Baig said most of vehicles on roads were not fit for driving and implementation of Vehicle Fitness System was necessary for road safety. He said overloading of HTVs was destroying our precious asset in the form of roads and NH&MP had launched special campaign to off load extra weight.—APP


E-paper September 27, 2012  

E-paper September 27, 2012

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