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ECP approves India model electoral reforms Commission to control govt machinery after polls schedule ISLAMABAD—The Election reforms, the entire government fers and postings of high rankCommission of Pakistan (ECP) approved on Thursday electoral reforms ahead of the upcoming general elections, empowering itself in a manner similar to their Indian counterparts. The decision was taken at a meeting of the commission held here on Thursday. According to the approved

Three cops killed in twin Karachi blasts STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Three police personnel including DSP Kamal Khan Mangan have been killed and several others were injured in two bomb blasts at Sher Pao Colony, Landhi on Thursday. According to media reports the first blast took place at a garbage dump. The second explosion took place when police and rescue officials reached the site. The second bomb which exploded was placed in a cement block and contained ball bearings. Three ambulances and a police van were destroyed in the attack.—Online

700 people being held without trial, SC told ISLAMABAD—Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry has said if Supreme Court (SC) decision comes in missing prisoners case, it will not be merely a piece of paper. He gave these remarks while presiding over a 3-member bench of SC Thursday during the course of hearing of missing prisoners of Adiala Jail case. the Chief Justice remarked ISI had given a written statement that there was no evidence against these prisoners. Secretary FATA, Continued on Page 7

Mobile networks to remain suspended

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Today’s issue of Pakistan Observer carries one Page Special Report on ‘National Day of Australia’ on Page 2.

The offices of Pakistan Observer will remain closed today (January 25) on account of Eid Milad-un-Nabi. Therefore, there will be no issue of Pakistan Observer on January 26.

ing officials including IGs, secretaries and chief secretaries. Sources said the motive behind these reforms is to ensure transparency of the upcoming general elections, which the Chief Election Commissioner had termed crucial. It is pertinent to mention

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‘NAB official’s death linked to RPPs case’ SC issues notices to Chairman NAB, officials STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The Supreme Court has issued notices to Chairman NAB, other senior officials of the bureau and Chairman PTA in the mysterious death case of Kamran Faisal. A two-member Bench of the apex court, headed by Justice Jawwad S Khwaja was hearing the case on Thursday. The SC sought the probe report from Islamabad police and database of telephone calls from PTA. The court also directed to submit CCTV footages of federal lodges, residence of Kamran

Faisal and an unofficial meeting ary 17. The apex court has also of NAB that took place on Janu- sought video of the dead body and a post-mortem report of deceased Kamran from MS Polyclinic. Kamran Faisal was found dead last Friday in a government hostel three days after the Supreme Court ordered the arrest of Prime Minister Raja Pervez ISLAMABAD—Auditor Gen- Ashraf over a long running scaneral of Pakistan Akhtar Buland dal into so-called Rental Power Rana has said that Public Ac- Plants (RPPs). The initial findcounts Committee does not ings of an autopsy said Faisal take action on mega scandals committed suicide, but his famin which high officials of gov- ily and some of his colleagues ernment are involved. believe he was murdered. Jus-

AGP blasts PAC over delay in RPPs report

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Pak needs radical changes to meet challenges: Thomson Governments fail to deliver to the people LIAQAT TOOR ISLAMABAD—Reiterating his government’s position on the recent developments in Pakistan with clear reference to Long March launched by Allama Tahir-ul -Qadri, the British High commissioner to Pakistan, Adam Thomson said Pakistan needs radical challenges to meet challenges. In an interaction with senior journalists on Thursday at the British High Commission here, Adam Thomson did not mince words to say federal government,

RAWALPINDI/KARACHI— Mobiles phone networks would be suspended in Rawalpindi, Karachi and Lahore today as a part of the security measures taken on the occasion of 12th Rabiul Awwal. The Rawalpindi and Lahore police have requested the Punjab government to suspend mobile networks from 8am to 8pm on Friday, Jan 25th, 2013 to avoid any untoward incident on the occasion of Eid Milad-un-Nabi. SP Security Ghulam Qaiserani sent a written request

machinery would come under the authority of the Election Commission once the election schedule is announced. Another clause in the reforms also empowers the commission with administrative powers. Moreover, the commission would be allowed to make trans-

provincial governments and also the successful governments in Pakistan failed to deliver. UK fully supports independent Election Commission, credible elections, impartial interim set up and timely elections under the Constitution of Pakistan. As a friend of Pakistan, UK opposes any extra-constitutional measure in Pakistan. Holding of election is not the only issue. Meeting high standards and delivery by the governments to address multi-facet problems being faced by the people are the concerns. UK does not support any

party or agenda but encourages structure which should be accountable meeting high standards. UK was troubled on the recent events where fiery rhetoric was feared to be turned into untoward scenes. It was encouraging achievement to see tens of thousands marchers on the Islamabad streets remained peaceful. He also praised the role of media for its balanced coverage. Rejecting conspiracy theories, circulating in Pakistan, the British HC said he did not meet

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NPC Seminar

ISLAMABAD: PM House decorated with lights on occasion of Jashn-e-Eid Milad-un-Nabi (PBUH).—PO photo by Sultan Bashir

Eid Milad-un-Nabi today ISLAMABAD—The nation is celebrating Eid Milad-un-Nabi (Peace Be Upon Him) today (Friday) with religious reverence and fervour renewing the pledge to follow true teachings of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). The day will begin with special prayers for development, safety, peace, unity and brotherhood amongst the followers of Holy Prophet (PBUH). It is a public holiday. Special security arrangements have been made to maintain law and order across the country on the occasion of 12th Rabi-ul-Awwal.

Illegal appointment of Tauqir Sadiq

SC orders NAB to file reference against Malik, Badar, PM Raja STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The Supreme

Court bench on Thursday ordered the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) to file reference within a week against Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf, Interior Minister Rehman Malik and Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Secretary General Jehangir Badar within a week, being responsible for the Continued on Page 7 appointment of Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority’s (Ogra) former chairman Tauqir Sadiq and later providing him protection from arrest. A two-member-bench of the apex court comprising of Justice Khilji Arif Hussain and Justice Jawwad S. Khwaja resumed ISLAMABAD—Information Min- hearing the case pertaining to the ister Qamar Zaman Kaira Thurs- implementation of the court’s day said that Prime Minister Raja order to arrest the former Ogra Pervez Ashraf has started consultations with the political leaders on the caretaker setup. Talking to the media in Islamabad Thursday‚ the Information Minister said though the dates of dissolution of Provincial STAFF REPORTER Assemblies vary but it will be their utmost desire to hold the elections on same day. He said it ISLAMABAD—An investigation is however the discretion of the being carried out by the UN into Provincial Governments to de- targeted killings will probe drone attacks in Afghanistan, Continued on Page 7 Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia, according to a report published in the British newspaper the Guardian. UN Special Rapporteur Ben Emmerson, a British lawyer, will reveal the full scope of his review including checks on military use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in UK operations in Afghanistan, US strikes in Pakistan, as well as in the Sahel region of Africa where tensions have recently escalated charter of human rights which in Mali. It will also take eviprovides all due rights to the dence on Israeli drone attacks in Palestinian territories. Continued on Page 7

PM consulting leaders on caretaker setup: Kaira

Sermon upholds universal human rights: Speakers provides eternal guidance to the equal human rights for all, irrewhole humanity as to how ensure spective of colour or creed. I S L A M A B A D — N a z r i y a human dignity on the basis of He said the sermon is the first Pakistan Council (NPC) arranged a seminar on ‘Last Hajj Sermon’ of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) - Charter of humanity’ at Aiwan-e-Quaid, Fatima Jinnah Park Thursday. STAFF REPORTER The seminar was part of Eid Zahid Malik, who is also Milad-un-Nabi celebrations. Chairman of Nazriya Pakistan Chairman NPC, Zahid Malik, I SLAMABAD —Mr. Zahid Council, Islamabad, (NPC), said Editor-in-Chief Pakistan Malik, Editor-in-Chief, Pakistan Observer presided over the Observer, has said that most of —describes Qadri’s seminar. the literature available in Pakilong march women The Speakers at the semi- stan and other countries on nar said, the last Hajj Sermon Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), as Ababils of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) Picture on Back Page presents the message of Islam STAFF REPORTER in nutshell. The sermon serves as insight into the objectives of the greatest benefactor of man- ISLAMABAD—Mr. Zahid Islam and also portrays the last kind, focuses more on promot- Malik, Editor-in-Chief, prophet (PBUH) as blessing for ing respect and love for the last Pakistan Observer, has the whole humanity for all Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) richly lauded the unparaltimes. than on his universal message Continued on Page 7 Addressing the seminar Dr and mission. Zia-ul-Haq said, the sermon

ence, adjourning the hearing until Jan 31. The apex court had ordered NAB to conduct an investigation in cases of corruption against Tauqir Sadiq after declaring his appointment as the chairman of Ogra as illegal on Nov 25, 2011. The Federal Ministry of Interior refuted the accusations of non-cooperation against Interior Minister Rehman Malik made by NAB as reported in a section of the press regarding case of Tauqeer Sadiq. The allegations about noncooperation of Minister for Interior, seen through tickers on different TV channels, are not based on facts. These allegation are to-tally baseless, motivated and a false propaganda, said the Spokesman of the ministry. He said minister for

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UN to probe legality of drone strikes in Pakistan

Last Hajj Sermon Charter of Humanity ASHRAF ANSARI

chief. During the hearing, NAB prosecutor informed the court that police had arrested Sadiq in the UAE but he was later released. The bench, expressing its outrage over the failure to arrest the former Ogra chief, ordered for a reference to be filed against all those who had helped Sadiq escape from the country. A NAB official informed the court that the names of Federal Interior Minister Rehman Malik and Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Secretary General Jehangir Badar were included in the list of people accused of helping Sadiq flee from the country. He added that a report for filing a reference was prepared and sent to Director General NAB for his signatures. The court granted NAB with one week to submit the refer-

Muslim scholars failed to project the universal message of last Prophet: Zahid Malik this in his presidential address at a seminar organized by the NPC in connection with Eidi-Milad-un-Nabi celebrations at the Aiwan-i-Quaid on Thursday. He said that Muhammad (PBUH) was the Last Prophet of Almighty Allah, who not only practised the teachings of Islam and guided the Muslims how to follow Islam, the last revealed religion, in letter and spirit, but also emerged as a torch-bearer of peace for the entire humanity. His message

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Pakistan to miss most economic targets: IMF ISLAMABAD—The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has indicated that Pakistan will not succeed to achieve GDP growth target of 4.5 percent for the current fiscal year as it will grow by 3.7 percent during the period. The IMF’s World Economic Outlook 2012 released on Thursday projected Pakistan’s GDP growth at 3.7 percent and even narrowed to 3.3 percent during next financial year. It also indicated that the GDP growth

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Around 20 to 30 strikes across the spectrum of countries will be studied to determine the level of civilians casualties, the

Stop using drones on our people, Zardari tells US ISLAMABAD —President Asif Ali Zardari has said that drone attacks are not only violation of Pakistan’s sovereignty but are counter productive and their legality is questionable. He expressed these concerns to US ambassador Richard Olson who called on him at Aiwan-e-Sadr, here on Thursday.

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identity of the targeted militants and the legality of the drone strikes, especially in countries which have not been declared conflicts zones by the UN. The inquiry will report to the UN general assembly in New York later this year. Depending on its findings, it may recommend further action. Emmerson has previously suggested that some drone attacks, particularly those known as “double tap” strikes where rescuers going to the aid of a first blast have become victims of a follow-up strike, could possibly constitute a “war crime”. The inquiry will be coordinated through the reporter’s UN office in Geneva, and is the

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Ready to vie India in any circumstances: Qamar STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Defence Minister Syed Naveed Qamar has said that the country is ready to compete with India under any circumstances but they want to reduce tension with the South Asian nation. Talking to media in Islamabad on Thursday, Qamar said that they had no problem if relations with India reached at their worst. “Pakistan is ready to compete with India in any situation.” The minister further said

that they did not want tension with India, adding that the country wanted to resolve all the issues with the neigbouring country through dialogue. “We are also asking India to take steps to decrease tension, we want to increase trade with India.” He said that Pakistan was facing internal threats and pointed out that our forces and the people have given huge sacrifices in war against terror. The armed forces would continue playing their role for the stability in the region, he said.


PAC meeting Staff Reporter

P ESHAWA R —Speaker,

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Assembly and chairman, Public Accounts Committee (PAC) has convened a meeting of the committee on January 28 in Assembly Secretariat. The meeting is likely to continue till February 6. All concerned departments have been informed in written in this regard. Facilities in hospitals: Deputy Speaker, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly, Khushdil Khan advocate has said provision of doctors, para-medical staff and surgical equipment to a hospital is must for providing better health facalities to masses. Talking to authorities concerned while inspecting different sections of Civil Hospital, Mathani, he regretted that though government constructed hospital’s building at the cost of millions of rupees, but due to lack of staff and other instruments, it failed to achieve the desired objectives. On this occasion, Special Secretary, Health, Akbar Khan, Director General, Sharif Gul, Sher Gul of (P&D, Superintendent Engineer (SE) C&W, Kabir Khan, EXN, Munir Hussein and SDO Mohammad Shah were also present. He said that protection to properties is the responsibility of the authorities concerned. The Deputy Speaker said that construction work worth Rs 95 million is underway in Civil Hospital, Mathani, but only two doctors are performing duties and available machinery either awaiting installation. He said that besides other doctors, the post of medical superintendent is also laying vacant since long. Khushdil Khan directed the authorities concerned to resolve problems for smooth functioning of the hospital. He also presented some necessary suggestions regarding under construction block and main drainage system in the hospital and also stressed provision of security in this regard.

Ban on timber smuggling from Afghanistan helps decrease attacks Militants hidden across border have support of Afghans, other states M HALEEM ASAD T IMERGARA —A complete and strict ban on timber smuggling from Afghanistan has helped security forces to seal the Pak-Afghan border for militants’ sneaking into Pakistan that has also decrease cross-border attacks. This was stated by Commandant, Dir Scouts, Col Muhammad Kamran Aslam while talking to media men at his office on Thursday. He said it was difficult for border security personnel to check dozens of trucks loaded with timber from Afghanistan via Chitral and Shahi Dir Lower. About timber ’s transportation, the commandant

said that Chitral had a push while Bajaur had great attraction for it. “Militants of Swat, Dir and Bajaur have taken shelter in the border area of Afghanistan which has been posing serious threat to Pakistani forces, its installations and people of the area,” he said, adding that after last year brutal attacks by militants in border areas, security had been tightened. He said militants hidden in Afghanistan had the support of Afghan government and some other states but the Pakistan army had the ability to thwart their bids. “We have strictly banned timber smuggling from Afghanistan and will never

compromise on it due to security situation,” Col Kamran said. He clarified that Pakistan army was not planning to collect small arms from local residents. He said a grand jirga comprising of local elders had reached the consensus to register all kinds of weapons with security forces. He said they would not collect weapon like pistol, gun or Kalashnikov from people of Dir Lower while heavy arms would be collected as per the jirga’s decision. The commandant appreciated holding of jirgas and ‘khuli kacheri’ by civil administration in parts of the district and said it was the collective responsibility of se-

curity forces, police, administration and local community to maintain peace in the region. He said that gun firing had been completely banned in the district because people had no right to fire against each other. “People should resolve their disputes on their own. They should quarrel with sticks and stones if it is necessary. We will not let anyone to take gun against each other,” the Commandant firmly said. People of the district, he said should cooperate with security forces in maintaining law and order and discipline in society. He said that in a disciplined society it became easy to identify outlaws and bad guys.

Empowerment youth KARACHI—Sindh Minister for Information, Sharjeel Memon on Thursday said the PPP government has provided training and stipends to 104,174 youth, with another 117,274 in process of being trained. In a statement issued on Thursday, he said PPP government, during its current tenure has carried out record development in the province with special focus on skill development of the youth, that also includes a sizable number of women. “There are 117,274 youth, with 31.5% of them comprising women, who are presently under training and would pass out in near future,” said the minister. Sharjeel Memon said the Sindh government has particularly focussed on Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Youth Development Programme to address the issue of unemployment through skill development among youth. He said the World Bank has given a soft grant of US $16 million for training of 45000 youth while Japan Social Development Fund has given a grant of US $ 3 million for training of 5000 youth. Balochistan youth to widely support PPP in general elections: Pakistan People’s Party would sweep the next general elections in the province as the youth from province QUETTA: A lady worker of polio team administering polio drops to a during anti-polio campaign. want change in the country and their trust in PPP is evident from their overwhelming support for the party PPP Zhob Division president Sarbuland Jogezai on Wednesday described the PPP in far better position in the province compared to the past and said the next provincial government would also be led by the party. He said the youth from the province want change in the country and their trust in PPP is evident from their overwhelming support for the party.—APP GUL HAMAAD FAROOQI

No shortage of wheat, flour in Gujranwala Division: Advisor

Relief to poor farmers

Mock bomb explosion exercise conducted

MULTAN—Provincial Minister for Irrigation and Agriculture Ahmad Ali Aulakh directed the agriculture department to provide relief to poor farmers. Presiding over a meeting at local circuit house on Thursday, he expressed dissatisfaction over the performance of the Irrigation and Agriculture departments and directed officials concerned to resolve problems of farmers. He directed that only approved varieties of standard wheat seeds should be provided to farmers so that agriculture targets could be achieved. Prominent political figure joins PPP: A prominent political personality and head of Spingand area, Alhaj Abdul Ghafoor Khan along with his family and supporters have joined PPP and expressed full confidence in the leadership of Provincial President Anwar Saifullah Khan. The announcement to this effect was made here at Takhti Khel area in the presence of Provincial President of PPP, Anwar Saifullah Khan, MNA Humayun Saifullah Khan, Divisional and district office bearers of the party and elders of the area. Addressing the joining ceremony, Anwar Saifullah Khan said that PPP would form the next government in the Province and welcomed the newly joined political personalities in the party fold. He said that Pakistan Peoples Party would address the issue of unemployment, loadshedding and other major issues on priority basis and added that development work would be initiated soon on Kurram Tangi Dam and Chashma Lift Canal that would irrigate 700,000 acres of area. Anwar Saifullah Khan said that Kurram Tangi Dam would generate 85 megawatt electricity that would help resolve the issues of electricity and irrigation in southern districts. Alhaj Muhammad Aslam Khan and other leaders also spoke on the occasion.—APP

Tolerance help resolve conflict F AISALABAD —Speakers at a seminar stressed the need for adopting tolerance, unequivocal commitment, pragmatic and balanced approach to resolve all issues facing the country. The seminar titled ‘Building Peace and Conflict Resolution’ organized by Office of Research, Innovation and Commercialization (ORIC) University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF) in collaboration with US Institute of Peace (USIP) here. The speakers said that history tells that out of one thousand years, human beings enjoyed only three hundred years in peace and tranquility while the rest of period of 700 years was spent in various conflicts between nations and communities. US expert on conflict resolution, Dr. Andrew Robertson said that the US congress in 1984, created the US Institute of Peace aiming at preventing the violent conflicts and to facilitate the parties to resolve conflicts through dialogue and in a peaceful manner. He said that besides congress and legislative houses, we do have a think-tank to advice the government on national and international affairs. He said that his institute used to work on partnering to build civil society in Pakistan, hosting radio shows on conflict resolution, closely working with communities to empower women and engage youth, and training teachers and students in conflict management. He revealed that in recent past, the USIP had made a significant contribution in capacity building of police personals at Sahala Police Training Academy regarding conflict resolution. MPA Rana Muhammad Afzal Khan and UAF Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Iqrar Ahmad Khan also spoke on the occasion.—APP

BASHIR AHMAD RAHMANI also debarred them to appear vision were being supplied

as advocates before any 34,500 bags of wheat daily for

HAFIZABAD—Brisk prepara- court of law and directed processing while five flour tions have been made to celebrate Eid Milad-un-Nabi (PBUH) in the district with usual religious reverence today. All bazaars and streets have being decorated with multi-colour flags and buntings. Most of the public and private buildings have been tastefully decorated and illuminated during the nights. Meanwhile, different religious organizations were taking out rallies daily to welcome this sacred month. ***** Punjab Bar Council Lahore has reiterated that in view of violation of its order of January 9, it has left with no other option except to suspend the licences of advocates Muhammad Farooq Khokhar, Ansar Mehmood Dhother, Malik Nasir Ayub Awan, Rana Adeel Maqbool, Shahzad Ahmad and Rana Zulifqar Ali. The PBC has

them to appear before the PBC on January 26. In its order dated January 9 the PBC had suspended the licences above advocates and issued them show cause notice to appear before it on January 19 but none of them appeared before it. The PBC further clarified that Rana Akbar Ali (President) and Afzal Ahmad Hanjra (General Secretary) and their other penal office-bearers were legally declared elected. ***** Mansha Ullah Butt, CM’s adviser for Food, has declared that there was no shortage of wheat or flour in the Gujranwala division and 144 flour mills in the division were grinding 1,40,000 bags of 20 kg each daily which were being sold to the consumers at Rs. 670 per bag. During his visit Deputy Director Food Syed Arif Raza Bukhari told him that flour mills in the Gujranwala di-

mills in Hafizabad were being supplied 448 bags and 392 bags of wheat were being supplied to Chiniot daily. ***** A mock bomb explosion exercise was successfully conducted in Hafizabad today. All concerned departments including Civil Defence, Rescue1122, police, health and other departments were informed about the mock explosion. However, personnel of all departments rushed to the spot promptly. ***** A rice dealer of Hafizabad Mirza Muhammad Mazhar was arrested by the city police on the charge of allegedly issuing cheque of Rs. 21,40,000 to a trader which was dishonoured by the bank. The accused filed an application for bail in the local court which was rejected, on which the police arrested him.

ANP leaders blame MMA for promoting terrorism M. HALEEM ASAD TIMERGARA—Leaders of the Awami National Party while paying rich tributes to late Bacha Khan and Khan Abdul Wali Khan said that they fought war of freedom without their tribe and nation and suffered hardships in jails. They were addressing a party gathering organized by the ANP, Dir Lower chapter, to mark the 25th death anniversary of Bacha Khan and 7th of Wali Khan here at the district council hall. The ANP district president Hussain Shah presided over the meeting. Provincial minister Haji Hidayatullah, ANP central vice president Zahir Shah Khan, provincial vice president Mian Syed Laeeq Bacha, Dir Lower president Hussain Shah Yousafzai, general secretary Muhammad Ayub Khan and others addressed the

gathering attended by hundreds of party workers. The speakers blamed the previous MMA-led government in the province, alleging they turned the region into a heap of bombs. They said the ANP had enforced real ‘Sharia law’ in Malakand division on people’s demand and implemented it. Another speaker Zahir Shah Khan said said the MMA did nothing for development of this province, filled pockets and promoted terrorism. He also announced that he would have no option other than to revolt against the party if leadership changed candidate of the ANP in PK-97 Adenzai. ***** Provincial coordinator of the Al-Khair Foundation Sadique Ahmad has urged the public and society to create respect for physically handicapped persons as

they deserved their help and support. He was addressing a wheel chair distribution ceremony held here at a local private school. Dozens of persons with disability (PWDs), social activists and notables of the area attended the ceremony. The Foundation distributed 200 wheel chairs in PWDs on this occasion. Sadique said that his organization had been working for uplift of PWDs in eight countries of the world in order to make them selfdependent. He said the society should respect physically handicapped persons as they needed it. He asked the participants not to call bad names to PWDs because calling them bad names was hurting them mentally. “They need our help and support,” he said and added it was their responsibility to assist the handicapped people.

NGOs playing vital role in Chitral development: DC

Crisis Management Cell set up at Wapda House STAFF REPORTER P ESHAWRA —On the directives of Chief Executive Pesco Tariq Saddozai, a Crisis Management Cell has been established at WAPDA House Peshawar with the special target to deal with any emergency on Eid-Milad-unNabi (PBUH). On this occasion it has been decided that in all District Head Quarters and Rural areas minimum load shedding will be observe on Eid-Milad-Ul Nabi. All necessary arrangement has been made to keep the power supply smooth on the occassion. Trolley Mounted Transformers and other necessary equipments have been provided to all PESCO sub Divisions to deal with emergency situation. Chief Executive PESCO Tariq Saddozai has issued special instructions to field formations to ensure continued power supply. In order to deal any untoward situation a crisis management cell has been

established at Wapda House Peshawar under the supervision of Chief Engineer Operation Abdul Latif Khan. Circle, Divisional and sub divisional complaints cells of Pesco will be operational to meet up any emergency. In case of any emergency customers are requested to contact their concerned local complaint offices for emergent attendance of their complaint and in case of delayed response please contact Crisis Management Cell at Telephone No.091-9212010, 0919212037. The following telephone Nos are published for the redressal of the complaints. 1. Crisis Management cell Wapda House Peshawar. 091-9212010 / 9212037 Local Complaint Offices 118. UAN 091- 111-000-128 2 Peshawar Circle. 091-9212523 3 Khyber Circle. 0919217576 4 Mardan Circle. 09379230288 /118 5 Swat Circle 0946-9240367 6 Hazara Circle. 0992-9310089 7 Bannu Circle. 0928-613173/ 611575.

Fire erupts in school kids injured STAFF REPORTER P ESHAWA R —The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has ordered probe into the fire eruption incident in which 13 students of Ali Model School sustained injuries, said an official statement of Home and Tribal Affairs Thursday. The Deputy Commissioner has been directed to initiate a formal inquiry into the incident, ferret out the causes, determine carelessness, negligence and submit a report to Home Department immediately for necessary action. A least 14 kids age 8 to 12 Thursday received burn injuries with three of them were in critical condition when fire as a result of shot-circuit erupted in a tower of a cellular company installed in a School premises. SHO Police Station Gulburg, Peshawar Saadar, Dost Muhammad said that

they received information about the fire that suddenly erupted due to short-circuit at tower installed inside a Ali public school building situated in the Gulbarg Police Station jurisdiction near Nodhia Railway crossing Cantonment area here. Police told reporters that the fire also engulfed the class rooms where children were attending their classes as a result of which 14 children, age between 8 to 14 received burn injuries. The officials of the fire brigade and Rescue 1122 also rushed to the spot and started relief operation. The children received burn injuries were shifted to Leady Ready Hospital (LRH). Doctor on duty also confirmed that they have received 14 children with burn injuries and among them three were in critical conditions. There were more than 100 children inside the school building, a rescue 1122 official confirmed.

CHITRAL—Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) play vital role in development of Chitral, said Deputy Commissioner of Chitral Rahmatullah Wazir during a briefing at Hasho foundation. He said that Chitral is a big district of KP by virtue of land which is onefifth of our province. It is not only difficult but sometimes impossible to overcome all problems of entire district being very scattered. Hence volunteers of civil societies reach every corner of Chitral and render meritorious services in health, education, household enterprises and infrastructure as well as in several developmental sectors. Sultan Mahmood RPM Hashoo Foundation briefed DC Chitral. He said 383 professional staff were hired in Pakistan by this organization. The foundation works in three sectors like economic development, education and skill and social welfare and emergency. Honey bee keeping and marble shining are main project of HF and best way to boost women folk and youth of Chitral. We also provide kids and equipments to women folk after basic training in honey bee keeping to PESHAWAR: Injured schoolchildren being shifted to Lady enable them for gaining their Reading Hospital after the fire erupted in a private school livelihood at their home. at Saddar area.

Residents call for end to gas-shedding S ARGODHA —Sui Northern forced to lodge a strong pro- action should be taken Gas Pipelines (SNGPL) Sargodha conducted a raid at Divisional Forest Office (DFO) and caught illegal gas supply to forest residential colony. According to a spokesperson for SNGPL, a team headed by Engineer Usman Habib raided DFO office where gas was being illegally provided to residential colony and the team removed illegal gas connections. Meanwhile, Sub-Divisional Forest Officer Malik Imdad Hussain said gas was only provided to the District Forest Office which was situated in the colony. QUETTA: People living in the Hana Orak area on Thursday said if the continuing gas loadshedding was not stopped they would be

test against Sui Southern Gas Company (SSGC). In a statement issued here, former Nazim Hana Orak valley, Dr Allah Dad Kakar, Malik Mohammad Azeem Sarangzai, Abdul Razaq, Yunus Khan, Deen Mohammad, Masoom Khan Kakar, Shoaib Baryalai demanded the authorities concerned to immediately resolve the issue, and warned that they would besiege the office of SSGC in case proper supply of gas was not ensured. “Since the onset of winter, we have been receiving only 6 hours gas supply a day only at night 11pm to 5 am,” they deplored. They said that bills of the gas are regularly paid by the dwellers, however they also suggested that stern

against gas theft. Former Nazim Hana Orak Dr Allah Dad lamented that people of the valley have been forced to use firewood and other fuels to prepare food owing to the absence of gas. He asked the officials of the SSGC for taking immediate steps for supply of full gas to Hana orak; otherwise they would be left with no other option but to agitate in front of the office of SSGC. Rahimyarkhan: Atleast 100 girls were effected out of which five fainted due to gas leakage in a school of Kot Samaba here Thursday. According to police sources, sui gas officials were checking a pipeline when gas leaked with high pressure.—APP


System should nab and reject the corrupt IN the backdrop of all round deterioration, a debate is going on whether individuals or system is to be blamed for the pathetic state of affairs. Minister for Information and Broadcasting Qamar Zaman Kaira believes, and rightly so, that the system cannot be blamed for personal wrongdoings of politicians. The system definitely matters much as in its absence or loopholes in the mechanism encourage wrongdoings and that is what we are witnessing these days. Where systems and mechanisms do exist, these are flouted by unscrupulous elements and they go scot free because of different sorts of lacunae that have either deliberately been left in the system or are being manipulated to their own advantage by those flouting rules, regulations, laws and even the Constitution. No system is bad if it is implemented in letter and spirit and without any discrimination but in our case we have been trying different systems for the last over six decades and debate is still continuing what suits best the country. This is mainly because those at the helm of affairs have been misusing the authority and the system for their personal, group, party or class interests. Until 1973, we could not agree on what type of governance we need in the country when towering personalities of the land decided through consensus on federal parliamentary system of governance. But greed for power and rule led to unwanted amendments in the Constitution and many crucial provisions were frequently deleted and reincorporated to suit interests of the rulers. It is also because of the lack of integrity on the part of majority of elected representatives that the system stands almost discredited for no fault of it. Same is the case in other spheres of life as we have been experimenting this and that type of local government and policing systems, economic policies, foreign policy and health and education policies, leaving everything halfway and turning the country into virtual guinea pig. Provisions and mechanisms were there to cleanse the system of the corrupt and inefficient and luckily now there is an agreement to enforce them in the forthcoming elections to ensure that only people with impeccable background made it to assemblies. Hopefully, all stakeholders would cooperate fully, leaving aside their personal and party interests, to make it a success for the good of the country.

Mystery thickens around Kamran’s death RESPONDING to the popular demand for an impartial inquiry into the mysterious death of investigation officer of National Accountability Bureau (NAB) Kamran Faisal, the Supreme Court took suo motu notice of the issue and constituted a bench to look into the circumstances, which led to his death. Death can come to any one, any time and any where but it is the peculiar circumstances that surround the death of Kamran that have raised doubts and apprehensions among different circles. Initially, people were made to believe that it was an incident of suicide but the very fact that the officer was investigating a very high profile case involving top brass of the Government created doubts about these claims, which were further deepened by statements of the family members of the victim who found marks of violence on his body and are insisting that there was no reason for him to commit suicide. His colleagues too have been on a pen down strike demanding an independent and neutral inquiry into the incident as they smelt something fishy. The resolution of the mystery whether it was a suicide or murder has become an absolute must as it is now a question of reputation of an organization dealing with accountability and the protection of life of those who are involved in unearthing different scams and irregularities. Hopefully, the SC would not only do it but with a speed to restore badly shattered trust in the rule of law.

Jamshoro coal based power project WHILE the government has not been able to overcome the energy crisis during its five year tenure, it is somewhat encouraging that some of the steps being taken give some hope that in the long run, perhaps the country might get out of the crunch which has affected every one from domestic to industrial consumer. The approval by the Council of Common Interests (CCI) for a new 600MW coal based power project at Jamshoro to use a mix of imported and Thar Coal is a step in the right direction. When completed, the plant would use 80% imported and 20% Thar Coal and increase the content of the local coal gradually. People have been hearing about the potential of Thar Coal reserves for the last over a decade but during all these years the progress has been discouraging. There is also a controversy about the actual potential of the reserves and generation of electricity through gasification. We strongly believe that a final decision on the Thar Coal is need of the hour and the government must hire the services of even foreign experts, if needed, and get a categorical report instead of wasting time and resources. In the meantime as summer season is approaching, the Ministry of Water and Power should recover the electricity arrears of Rs 426 billion from the provincial governments and other defaulters and cut down the size of circular debt by clearing the dues of the IPPs so that they could function at full capacity and reduce the sufferings of the masses. We expect from Minister Ch Ahmad Mukhtar and the tireless Secretary Nargis Sethi that they would not only move on the Jamshoro project on a fast track basis but also take the required steps to ensure maximum power supply during the summer.

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MEDIA WATCH

Britain’s continental vote

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The global caste system endures system as well, where a group of powers consider themselves to have the right to enjoy privileges denied to the rest. Within the United Nations, for example, the M D Nalapat five permanent members of the UN Security Council Email: mgnalapat@gmail.com dominate internal processes and procedures. Because three of the five belong to espite a millenia of rule by NATO, that organisation has secured outside forces, beginning a commanding position even in segwith the Mughals and end- ments of UN operations where it is ing with the British, the caste sys- least fitted to interfere in, such as tem has continued to endure in In- peacekeeping. NATO’s record (aldia, even though there is no genetic though largely unrecorded) of inflictfoundation to the division of the ing civilian casualties through acts of population into separate caste com- war such as bombings and sanctions partments. Over the millenia, there makes the organisation one of the has been so much intermingling of most significant human rights diverse populations that a fusion has violaters on the globe. Of course, taken place which has the potential because it in effect controls the interto create a genetic pool far more ver- national “human rights” mechanisms, satile than if there were not such the alliance has ensured zero accountmixing. Ultimately, efforts at sepa- ability to itself of actions which has rating people on a “vertical” basis, led to the loss of life or to human sufwith some seen as “higher” than fering on a significant scale. Rules others, will fail. Far better to accept are meant for others, and are not to that society is best analysed in “hori- be applied to those making them zontal” terms, where people are difThere is, transparently, a global ferent but essentially equal. Unfor- caste system that hews to the “vertitunately, the system of caste exists cal” logic of caste, and this is the same throughout the globe, where often grouping which dominates the United a group of people see themselves Nations. Rather than see itself in a as above the rest, and sometimes more universal and multiresort to the use of force to ensure civilisational way, the US has allowed that this is indeed the reality. In itself to become the spearpoint of the many countries, those following a drive by NATO member-states to specific faith or coming from a par- continue to have a privileged existticular region get preference over ence within the international commuthe rest, whereas justice mandates nity. Even in the 21st century, when that all should be given the same it is clear that the world of 1945 has chance at success. Indeed, the more vanished into the dust of history, the liberal the society, the greater the institutions set up after the 1939-45 probability that it will outshine more global war continue to be controlled conservative locations in intellectual by the powers which took control of advancement and material progress the UN then, the US, the UK, France, The “caste system”, in the sense Russia and China. The latter two have of a defined and mutually exclusive fallen behind, getting active only on hierarchy, does not relate just to in- occasion. Russia because of its weak dividuals. Globally, there is a caste economy and diminishing techno-

Geopolitical notes from India

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logical edge, and China because it clearly does not belong to the same “civilisational zone” as do France, the US and the UK. Of the three, France has been the beneficiary of Winston Churchill’s love of the country, in view of the fact that the contribution of Paris to the defeat of the Axis powers was minimal, far below that of India, which sent more than two million of its sons to fight in Europe and Africa on behalf of the Allies, and which became a major source of materiel for prosecuting the war. Of course, as India is seen as low down in the global caste ladder, this contribution has been ignored. Amusingly, in the celebrations in France which commemorated the Allied victory over the Axis, it wad as though Charles de Gaulle and his “radio warriors” were responsible for the recapture of France, rather than Allied armies assisted by Moscow’s comprehensive victory over Berlin. Indeed, the defeat of German troops by soldiers in the Red Army once again illustrated the fact that human society is “horizontal” ie separate but equal. The German forces believed in the myths they were fed by Hitler, that they were intrinsically superior to Russians. It was a mindset which led to appalling cruelty during the 1939-45 war, this time on countries in Europe rather than in other parts of the world, as had been the case during previous centuries. However, from the winter of 1941 and the throwing back of German forces from the gates of Moscow, it became clear that the Russians were, if anything, even better soldiers than the Germans. Much later, in Vietnam, the forces mobilised by Nguyen Ai Quoc, otherwise known as Ho Chi Minh, would demonstrate their resilience when confronted with the US military, which threw more bombloads on that small country than had been tossed into the Axis powers during the 1939-45 war. And yet, despite this

and other examples of the way in which human beings achieve superhuman feats if given the right leadership, some powers still seek to continue the system of privilege embodied in the global caste system, where NATO member-states are on top and others lower down. Because politicians in India have usually focused their attention on making money for themselves and their friends, decision-making has been left to the bureaucracy, which is usually hesitant in challenging the global caste system. Repeatedly, India has denied itself the benefits of technological up gradation made possible by vibrant sectors of scientific achievement. An example is the ASAT system, or the capability of shooting down satellites in space. This capability was demonstrated by China in 2005 and the scientific community in India wanted an ASAT test to be done by India, which would destroy a satellite in space. Because of fear of the reaction that such a bold move would generate within the NATO member-states, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Defense Minister A K Antony have been reluctant to order an ASAT test, preferring instead to rely on computer simulations, even though these are usually of limited value in perfecting a system. Not just in this, but in many other ways as well, successive governments in India have by their (lack of) action shown their obedience to an international caste hierarchy which puts India on a far lower level than some other states with far lower potential. The global caste system endures, but only because of the reluctance of its victims - India, Brazil, Indonesia (to name a few) to challenge it. —The writer is Vice-Chair, Manipal Advanced Research Group, UNESCO Peace Chair & Professor of Geopolitics, Manipal University, Haryana State, India.

Quetta: Victory of public sentiment Air Marshal Sharbat Ali Changezi, a veteran PAF Sultan M Hali fighter pilot of the 1965 and 1971 Pak-India wars; Saira Email: sm_hali@yahoo.com Batool, a Hazara woman was one of the first female pilots in Pakistan Air Force and numerakistan is passing through ous others who served meritoriously various trials and tribulations. in all three services of the Armed The war on terror has taken a Forces of Pakistan, earning glory for heavy toll of human lives and the themselves and Pakistan are but entire country has suffered. One some of the notable Hazaras. community that has been deliberUnfortunately, this peace-loving ately targeted is the Hazaras, a Per- but minority community has been tarsian-speaking people, who mainly geted for its faith and in the last five inhabit central Afghanistan, west- years, over one thousand Hazaras ern Pakistan and part of Iran. They have been mercilessly slain in cold are overwhelmingly Shiite Mus- blood. Their sad plight has been lims, and comprise the third larg- swept under the carpet, perhaps beest ethnic group of Afghanistan, cause most of the country is in the while more than 500,000 Hazaras grip of terrorist attacks. However, reside in Pakistan, mostly in Quetta, earlier this month, the devastating the capital of the strife-torn killing of over one hundred Hazaras Balochistan province. in Quetta as a result of multiple bomb The origins of the Hazaras point blasts, ultimately forced the commutowards Inner Asian descent – Mon- nity to seek justice. The bloodbath of golian and Turkic, which is evident the innocent Hazaras stirred the enfrom their physical attributes. Lit- tire nation and was widely reported eracy level among the Hazara com- in international media but unfortumunity in Pakistan is relatively high; nately the provincial as well as the they are an extremely hard working federal government remained unrace, which has integrated well into moved and oblivious to the carnage. the social dynamics of the local so- The provincial Government remained ciety. By dint of hard work, Hazaras totally indifferent as none of the minhave managed to reach enviable po- isters or prliamentarians visited the sitions. General Muhammad Musa, scene of tragic incident or paid conwho served as the Commander-in- dolence to the grieved families. Chief of Pakistan Army, followed by Balochistan’s Chief Minister was a tenure of Governor West Pakistan away on a private visit abroad and and later Governor of the province did not bother even to make a call to of Balochistan; Qazi Mohammad the administration or the grieved Esa, a prominent leader of Pakistan families. Shortly after the incident, Movement and close friend of the people of Hazara community Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali launched an unprecedented, peaceful Jinnah, his son Qazi Faez Esa the and non violent protest in the city. The first ever Hazara to serve as Chief protesters observed hunger strike, in Justice of Balochistan High Court ; an orderly manner, with eighty-six

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dead bodies awaiting burial, braving the extreme inclement bad weather. The protesting mourners included the heirs of the deceased comprising women, men and children besides large representation of non Hazaras as well. Their demands were the removal of the Provincial Government, apprehending the terrorists and handing over the control of the city to Army as the provincial Government had totally failed to maintain peace, law and order. They refused to bury the corpses until their justified demands were met. The protest continued under open sky in chilling rainy weather of Quetta in sub zero temperature for four days. The dead bodies kept waiting burial and tears of the protestors continued moving the entire world. The unique protest stimulated the sentiments of entire Pakistani society irrespective of sect, cast or ethnicity. The unique silent protest caught attention around the world and became headlines of national and international media. Resultantly, peaceful protests were launched throughout the country as well as in some international capitals in support of the Hazara Community. Interestingly these protests mostly in the shape of day and night sittings were carried out by non Shia segments of society. The protests were amply supported by all political parties and opinion makers of Pakistan. It was an impressive exhibition of national cohesion and resolve to combat the menace of terrorism. Ultimately, as a result of these peaceful and non violent protests, Federal Government came into action and the demands were accepted after the visit of Prime Minister of Pakistan. The sad incident came to a justified conclusion and left a message

that power of truth and public sentiments will always win over the forces of injustice and evil with perseverance and commitment. It also showed the determination and preservation of the bereaved and sad families which won them the honour and respect and moved the entire state machinery. Meeting of demands of the protestors was the victory of society and power of public sentiments. The entire episode has glaringly proved that if entire nation stands together, justice can be sought even without violent agitation. The role of society, media and the political leadership is the testimony of the fact that Pakistanis are a great nation and can stand together by tackling sectarian, provincial and ethnic divisions against national tragedies. Every peace loving citizen of Pakistan not only denounced the dastardly act of targeting the Shia community in particular and innocent Pakistanis in general. The sad epilogue to the whole incident, which brought out the best in Pakistani society, also exposed the dual-faced nature of the politicians. No sooner was the demand of the protesting Hazaras met and the provincial government of Balochistan was removed, placing the strife-torn province under Governor’s Rule, the same politicians, especially the Baloch provincial parliamentarians and their supporters in the center, who had callously and heartlessly remained oblivious of the Hazara’s predicament, now got together to protest against the sacking of their Chief Minister. —The author, a retired PAF Group Captain, served as Air & Naval attaché at Riyadh and is currently a columnist, analyst and TV talk show host.

avid Cameron has seized the moment to recast his Europe vision. In a speech, which was awaited for long, the British prime minister has promised a referendum on membership in the European Union — an announcement that will have farreaching implications on Britain and world politics. Cameron spelt out his agenda of reforms and conservatism a day after Barack Obama was sworn in for a second term, making it too momentous for the transatlantic allies who want an integrated and versatile Europe. The point is Cameron might have walked a trap and chosen a risky path, as he says he will go for the referendum only if his party wins the next general elections in 2015. With many a slip between the cup and the lip, before the vote is conducted in or before 2018, the longterm strategy that he had pronounced could come to give birth to xenophobic sentiments, as a silent majority is against proeurozone politics. The conservatives, meanwhile, have to make up a strong case for a pro-European Union vote if they really want to return to the House of Commons. What was lacking in Cameron’s speech was his personal tilt over the issue. Though he campaigns to stay within the Union, he wants the verdict to come from the people. As rightly stated by Labour leader Ed Miliband, the prime minister is on a weak premise and is driven by the party rather than national interest. The United Kingdom has been part of the continent’s politicoeconomic engagement for more than four decades and an exit vote would curtail not only its clout and power base, but also circumvent many of banking and trade concessions. Cameron may be right in soliciting public opinion on the future of European question in British politics, but none can be sure of what course the electorate will take five years down the line. Pressing economic challenges and the ongoing recession demand London to be more forthcoming in European affairs. A stalemate-loaded path could prove to be counterproductive.—Khaleej Times

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Netanyahu unlikely to change his spots

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sraeli election results are out and not surprisingly, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has won despite exit polls showing his party losing seats in the Knesset. Israel’s right-wing and centre-left blocs won an equal share of the parliament seats. It remains to be seen how this will impact Netanyahu’s policies as he will have to answer to different sections of the political spectrum. Nevertheless, it would be foolish to assume that this time around, the third-time prime minister will actually make peace talks with the Palestinians his top priority and put an end to his militarised Zionist policies. In fact, shortly after his win, Netanyahu said that preventing Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons is his government’s first challenge. This is bound to heighten tensions between Israel and its neighbours at a time when the international community is keen on keeping diplomacy pivotal in dealing with Iran’s nuclear programme. The past two years in the Middle East have witnessed uprisings in several Arab countries and the regional sentiments have grown stronger in the face of Israeli brutality and intransigence. Yet again, Israel is being presented with a chance to ‘do the right thing’ and put an end to its illegal policies against the Palestinians. This is, of course, very unlikely.Foreign governments must put pressure on Israel to finally work out with the Palestinians a negotiated two-state resolution of the Palestinian Israeli conflict. Moreover, the international community has a duty to act against Netanyahu’s expansionist policies which include building new illegal colonies on Palestinian land and expanding existing ones and his refusal to give Palestinians equal rights as Israelis. —Gulf News

Look before you leap. —Proverb


Rabi’ul-Awwal R

abi’ul-Awwal is the most sig nificant month in the Islamic history, because humanity has been blessed in this month by the birth of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. Before the birth of the Holy Prophet, SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam, not only the Arabian peninsula, but also the socalled civilized nations of Rome and Persia were drowned in the darkness of ignorance, superstitions, oppression and unrest. The Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, came with the eternal truth of Tawhid (Oneness of Allah), the only faith which provides a firm basis for the real concepts of knowledge, equity and peace. It was this faith which delivered humanity from ignorance and superstitions and spread the light of true knowledge all over the world.Thus the birth of the Holy Prophet, SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam, was the most significant and the most remarkable event in human history. Had there been room in Islamic teachings for the celebration of birthdays or anniversaries, the birthday of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, would have undoubtedly deserved it more than the birthday of any other person. But that is against the nature of Islamic teachings. That is why, unlike Judaism, Christianity, and Hinduism, there are very few festivals in Islam, which provides for only two Eids (Eidul-fitr and EidulAdha) during the whole year. The

dates of these two Eids do not corre- alayhi wa sallam, or his noble comspond to the birthday of any of the panions never observed the birthday outstanding persons of Islamic his- or anniversary of any of them. Even tory, nor can their orithe birthday of the gin be attributed to The Spirit Of Islam Holy Prophet, Sallany particular event Allahu alayhi wa of history that had sallam, which was the happened in these most happy day for dates. Both of these the whole mankind two Eids have been was never celebrated prescribed for paying by the Holy Prophet, gratitude to Allah on Sall-Allahu alayhi wa some happy events sallam, himself, nor that take place every by his blessed Comyear. The first event is panions. The reason for the completion of the abstinence from such fasts of Ramadan and is that the second event is Mufti Taqi Usmani celebrations they divert the attenthe completion of tion of people from Hajj, another form of worship regarded as one of the five the real teachings of Islam towards the observance of some formal activipillars of Islam. The manner prescribed for the ties only. Initially, these celebrations celebration of these two Eids (festi- may begin with utmost piety and with a bona fide intention to pay homage vals) is also different from non-Is- to a pious person. Yet, the experience lamic festivals. There are no formal shows that the celebration is ultiprocessions, illumination or other ac- mately mixed up with an element of tivities showing formal happiness. On merrymaking and rejoicing and is the contrary, there are congregational generally confused with secular fesprayers and informal mutual visits to tivals and the secular, and often sineach other, which can give real hap- ful, activities creep into it gradually. piness instead of its symbols only. The observance of the 12th of On the other hand, Islam has not Rabi’ul-Awwal as a religious feast is prescribed any festival for the birth- not warranted by any verse of the Holy day of any person, however great or Qur’an or by any teaching of the Holy significant he may be. The prophets Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. of Allah are the persons of the high- Had it been a part of the religion it est status amongst all human beings. would have been clearly ordered or But the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu practiced by the Holy Prophet, Sall-

Allahu alayhi wa sallam, and his blessed companions or, at least, by their immediate pupils. But no example of the celebration of the occasion can be traced out in the early centuries of the Islamic history. It was after many centuries [Albalagh Note: According to Maulana Yusuf Ludhinavi it was in the year 604 A.H.] that some monarchs started observing the 12th of Rabi’ul-Awwal as the birthday of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, without a sound religious basis, and the congregations in the name of Maulood or Milad were held where the history of the birth of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, used to be narrated. All this does not mean that the Seerah meetings should not be held in the month of Rabi’ul-Awwal. The point is only that they should not be restricted to it, nor should it be believed that the Shariah has laid any kind of emphasis on holding such meetings in this particular month. Another point that should always be kept in mind while holding such meetings is that they must be in complete conformity with the rules of Shariah. A Muslim is supposed to abide by the rules of Shariah in all his activities. But at least the meetings held in the memory of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, should be free from all the acts forbidden by the Shariah.

Qazi Hussain remains in our hearts M Ali Sheikh

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ormer Amir of Jammaat-eIslami (JI) Qazi Hussain Ahmed died of cardiac arrest on Sunday. Late Qazi Hussain Ahmed was a significant and prominent personality of the political scenario in Pakistan. Qazi Hussain Ahmed was born at Kaka Sahib, Nowshera District, in 1938. His father Maulana Qazi Mohammad Abdulrab was also a renowned Islamic scholar. Qazi Hussain was the youngest of his brothers and sisters. Qazi Hussain Ahmad was decendent of great Seljoki Sheikh Hazrat Akhun Adeen/Adyan,who was a teacher of Hazrat Kaka Sahib and contemporary of Khushal Khan Khattak, the shrine of Sheikh Akhund Adyan at Akora Khattak. The decendents of Sheikh Akhund Adyan Seljoki are titled as Qazi or Qazyan and mostly are living at Ziarat Kaka Sahib. Former JI Chief after taking his early education from his hometown school took admission in graduated from Islamia College Peshawar and got MSC degree in Geography from University of Peshawar. He also served as lecturer for three years in Jehanzeb College Saidu Sharif. Later he left the job and stated his own business at Suekarno Chowk Peshawar. The business is now administrated by his son Dr Anas Farhan Qazi. He joined politicial in his school age when he opted to become a member of Islami Jamiat-eTulba (IJT). He was impressed deeply by the personality of Maulana Maududi and had also met him in 1951. After remaining with IJT in his

school and college days he became a member of Jamaat-e-Islami in 1970. Soon Qazi Hussain Ahmed was elected as Amir Jamaat-e-Islami Peshawar Chapter and in 1978 he was as Secretary General of JI. In 1987 Qazi Hussain Ahmed took the reigns of Jamaat-e-Islami after being elected as Central Amir and remained on the post for 22 years. In 2008, he excused to be elected once more. Consequently, the members of Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan elected Syed Munawwar Hassan as the new President of the Party. He was the third Amir of Jamaat-e-Islami after Maulana Maududi and Mian Tufail Muhammad. The Jamaat members reposed confidence in his leadership and elected him as JI Amir for four consecutive times in 1992, 94, 99 and 2004. He also became the member of the Senate in 1985. In 1992, he was reelected as Member of Senate but resigned as Member Senate as a protest against government policies. Qazi Hussain Ahmed was elected as Member of National Assembly in 2002 from two constituencies. His popularity among the people could be judged by the fact that besides winning the elections from his hometown Nowshera by a margin of over 18 thousand votes beating PPP’s Naseer Ullah Babar; he had also won the elections from Lower Dir by winning the NA seat by a margin of over 20 thousand votes. The Mutahid Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) came into being with the constant efforts of Former JI Ameer Qazi and nominated the president of MMA, after the death of Maulana Shah Ahmed Noorani. He had also served as the Parliamentary Leader

of MMA in National Assembly. Qazi Hussain Ahmad traveled throughout the world to represent Jamaat at the international forums, leading goodwill missions as well as in his personal capacity to mediate in issues concerning Muslim Ummah. His services during Iran-Iraq and the Persian Gulf War, the Bulkan (Bosnia) crisis and the post-Soviet power struggle in Afghanistan, have been widely commended and appreciated. Even before the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan, Qazi Hussain Ahmed was in close contact with Afghan mujahideen and had personal terms with top Afghan leaders. He played pivotal role in introducing Afghan jehad to foreign world and gaining countrywide favor for the movement. In 1997 Qazi Hussain Ahmad announced nationwide membership campaign of Jamaat-e-Islami and because of his leadership qualities and attractive personality around 4.5 million new members joined JI. Qazi Hussain Ahmed was also patron of organizations like Pasban and Shabab-e-Milli, youth wings of the Jamaat-e-Islami. An eloquent orator and seasoned politician he was respected by politicians from his opposition parties as well. He was detained several times by the government over protest against the incursions of US on Afghanistan, for protest against anti-Islamic film and protests against the policies of the government but never budged an inch from his stance till the end. He was a strong critic of the counter-terrorism policy of the United States, and was widely known for his opposition against United States’ participation in civil war in the neighboring Afghani-

stan.[4] Ameer JI Qazi Hussain Ahmed was fluently speaking several languages including English, Persian, and Arabic. Qazi Hussain Ahmed has left two sons and two daughters. His wife and children all are Jamaat-eIslami members. He was a great admirer of the poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal and quotes from both his Urdu and Persian poetry, at will, in his speeches, conversations and writings. Although he finds practically no time for any literary or scholarly works, he is the author of several books. He also wrote column in Urdu dailies by the name Izhar-e-Khiyal. Even before his death he tried his best to bridge the gap between the religious parties and for the revival of Mutahida Majlis-e-Aml (MMA). He was also targetted by militants but escaped unhurt in attempt on his life. In November 2012, he had escaped unhurt from an assassination attempt when a female suicide bomber tried to kill him by blowing herself up. Three of his guards were injured in the attack near the Ghaiba Khwar area in the Haleemzai tehsil. Qazi Hussain Ahmed would remain in the hearts of the people of Pakistan in general and in people of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in particular. There are very less number of political figures in the country like Qazi Hussain Ahmed who had throughout his life had struggled for the just cause. He was one of those limited number of politicians in the country who never were surrounded by scandals rather every one had respected him as one of the best politicians.

Views From Abroad

Obama’s ‘pivot’ test Tom Plate

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OR the US and Asia, now is the time, if ever there was a time. As President Barack Obama moved officially into his second-term, presumably the historic “pivot” to Asia in US foreign policy will proceed briskly apace. That would be good. There is no time to dawdle. If Asia is not rising, as virtually every expert says, then the rest of us must be sinking. The statistics out of Asia are daunting. Here are a few. Before too long China will have the world’s largest economy. Perhaps even before that, India will have the largest population. Indonesia, oft neglected by the West, has a higher percapital income than India and — along with Turkey — far more clout in the Islamic world. Pakistan, a nuclear power as well as an Islamic nation, may be coming apart — as Obama well knows. Japan is still the world’s third largest economy and may have the second most modernised military (people forget this). And the Japanese are getting weary of playing nice with Beijing. From a mutually profitable commercial, trading and business relationship, the two East Asian powers seem to be on the verge converting their business into nothing more than pure geopolitical trouble. Then there is the US — sitting across the Pacific and trying to get

its mind off Europe and the Middle East, at least a little. We start at the headquarters of Camp Smith at Pearl Harbour (housing some of this country’s most cerebral military leaders) and continue onto the White House 3,000 miles away (hosting a wise president eager to avoid unnecessary wars). Across this span of geography, regional politics and time zones, the new American foreign policy is being recalibrated. If the recalibration is to be based almost entirely on an attempted isolation of China, this policy will flop. A resurgent (if, like us, problem-plagued) China is already out and about almost everywhere with commercial, diplomatic and — to some extent — military impact. The opportunity for isolation is past. What’s more, should the US prioritise cornering China every step of the way, China will fight back every step of the way. The downside cost to both will be enormous, unnecessary and tragic. It is true that a case can be made for an uptick in US and allied wariness and military readiness. In fact, that case has already been amply made by Beijing itself. All but abandoning its former charm offensive of “peaceful rising,” the government has embarked on muscle flexing in the region that is disturbing to neighbours. The far more clever Deng Xiaoping must be rolling over in his grave. But if the military and civilian command of the People’s Republic of China is so determined

to assist the American Pentagon in its effort to avoid further budget cuts, what can I conceivably say to convince it otherwise? Perhaps the just-installed administration of Xi Jinping, the new Chinese number one, will snap China out of its current in-your-face mode. One does understand that after centuries of exploitation and oppression, China finally feels it has amazing muscles to flex. Having had sand kicked in its face for so long, it is time to kick back. But President Xi needs to recalibrate his rising country’s “pivot against Asia.” Whatever its domestic benefits, the ploy isn’t working internationally; it only plays into the hands of those here in America who wish to portray the rising China as the second coming of the old Soviet Union. And it will permit Japan to re-militarise as a rational act of national security. China’s interests are broad and complex and no one interest group (such as the People’s Liberation Army) should be allowed to dominate its policy direction. For the US’s part, Obama must engage China with respect and nuance. He is said to worry that the prior Bush and Clinton administrations were too easy on China — whatever that might mean. In fact, apart from a few lapses, both administrations got the China relationship more right than wrong and will be so credited by history. What would be remarkably ironic is if the Presi-

dent, who is known to regard any war as the least acceptable option, fashions a policy that leads to conflict with China. That mistake would more than blemish his watch. It would be a blunder worse than President George W. Bush’s unnecessary invasion and occupation of Iraq. In this respect, US foreign-policy officials deserve immense credit for the alacrity with which they have recognised the tinderbox of the Senkaku (Diaoyu) tension. Tokyo is obviously a dangerous fuse just waiting to blow. The visit of Shinzo Abe, Japan’s Prime Minister, to Vietnam and Indonesia is not just about trade but about China’s apparent ambition to dominate in the region more or less overnight. China could reduce a lot of tension by reverting to the wise old China that is cunningly cautious, while understanding that no one is going to trample on it any more. And Obama could help by encouraging and respecting that change of course. He doesn’t have to run for reelection; no one is going to bother calling him weak, when, in fact, the real danger is that the US will adopt too strong-armed an Asia “pivot” and inadvertently risk undermining Asian stability. Plate is a journalist and university professor who has worked at Time magazine, the Los Angeles Times, Newsday and other media institutions.

Voice of the People Honest & ameen politicians COL RIAZ JAFRI (R)

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ustice (R) Fakharuddin G Ebrahim while talking to the news reporters on a private TV channel this evening said that if the coming elections were not free and fair that will be the end of Pakistan. The Free and Fair Elections are a must but more important than that is to have honest and ameen type of candidates to elect from. It is quite likely that most political parties shall nominate the same hereditary and professional ‘electables’ who are gifted with the skill to beat any election process how so ever Free and Fair it may be. And, if the same lot of the corrupt politicians is returned to power again then that would be God Forbid the end of Pakistan. The honourable justice must, therefore, ensure that only those who qualify under the Articles 62 and 63 of the constitution are allowed to contest the elections. Also, in order to force the political parties to elect the right kind of candidates a law should be enacted to debar the political party as a whole from taking part in the elections if the ECP finds the nomination papers of more than 25 percent of its candidates unacceptable. Only then the party chiefs will give the party tickets to the honest and ameen people instead of the professional electables. —Rawalpindi

Ch Nisar’s demands S R H HASHMI According to press reports, PML-N leader Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan has listed three demands as his party’s condition to accepting the demands made by Dr. Tahirul Qadri, as embodied in the agreement signed by him with government officials, including the Prime Minister, and which also had been approved on telephone by President Asif Ali Zardari. His first demand that the elections should not be held in July is quite fair considering the hot, sultry conditions prevailing then. However if PML-N dissolved Punjab Assembly just before March 16 alongwith other provincial assemblies which will complete their tenure then, the elections could be held within ninety days thereof, ending in the middle of June. The two major parties can themselves advance the election date even further by dissolving the assemblies a few weeks before March 16, which would not be much of a hardship for them because they would have ruled for nearly five years, and I am sure Dr. Qadri will not object to such an arrangement. However, his second demand asking for reduction in the time allocated for scrutiny of candidates for assemblies from the one month demanded by Dr. Tahirul Qadri, claiming that it is too long, is rather surprising, and casts doubts on the real intentions of his party. It is common knowledge that while interviewing candidates even for junior positions, employers take about a month sorting and tabulating applications, interviewing candidates, short listing them for subsequent interviews and checking references, etc. And here we have Chaudhry Nisar, representing a long-established, major party, asking for rushing through the process of scrutiny of candidates who will rule the nuclear-armed country of 180 million, for the next five years and that, too, at the most critical juncture in the country’s history. His last demand is for the caretaker setup to be nominated from Sindh and Balochistan on the grounds that the two provinces were ignored and overlooked in the past. I would think that since the caretaker team will be responsible for the all-important task of ensuring that candidates for the forthcoming elections are short-listed on the basis of merit and integrity, it is essential for caretaker team itself to be selected on merit rather than on sympathy basis. The best way to compensate the two overlooked provinces would be to perhaps initiate large, meaningful development schemes which would benefit the down-trodden people there, not that the people in other provinces are doing any better. —Karachi

Love for Navy NATALIA ISLAM Karachi: Thirty six years of bonding with the sea and navy has filled his life with adventures and excitement. His love for navy keeps increasing every day. The roars of the sea and the breeze have brought back many memories in Commodore Wasim Ahmed’s (R) mind. Commodore Wasim Ahmad (R) was born in March 1941 in a family with no military background. He earned his bachelor’s degree in physics and mathematics when he was only 17. Being physically frail in his earlier years he wasn’t much interested in the outdoor activities and hence never considered military as a career for himself. His dream was to serve the country as a civilofficer. He was an exceptional student who always made good grades “ I was amongst the brighter kids of the family and having jumped three grades in one year reached college at the tender age of 13. “He considers himself as one of those who are willing to take a calculated risk but are not gamblers. He says, When I sent my application for the joining the military services I was absolutely casual about it. Doing well in the exam was not necessary to just gain experience. But

somehow I did well all along and passed all stages of the tests and interviews and got selected.” His love with the sea and navy kept growing exponentially. He has been the leader of the first ever Pakistani expedition which was sent to Antarctica. He was awarded Sitar-e-Imtiaz for leading this expedition. 1965 War with India his other big experiences were about the submarine and the thrill and fear which he shared with his senior officers, “I had joined the submarine service a few months before the war. PNS Ghazi was the lone submarine Pakistani Navy possessed at that time. He and him colleagues spent the entire month of September 1965 patrolling enemy waters in search of Indian warships are finally did have an encounter with enemy ships and fire four torpedoes on Indian Navy Ship Brahmaputra. years. 1971 War He holds the honor of aiming and pressing the trigger of the torpedo that sank the KHUKRI. There was a glorious explosion and the Khukri went down in minutes allowing very little time to its crew to save their lives.” The naval bug did bite him but he served the navy for thirty six years. He has loved his service every single day of his life. After rendering thirty six years of service for Pakistan, he retired on 20th March 1995. —Via email

The suffering teachers HAIDER SAEED Almost two-and-a-half years ago, 5,000 male and female teachers were appointed under the Aghaz-eHaqooq-e-Balochistan Package. The teachers were adjusted in different colleges and schools in various districts of Balochistan. Some 700 appointees were posted as assistant lecturers in different colleges of the province while the remaining 4,300 were adjusted as high school and early school teachers. Undoubtedly, this was a great initiative on the part of the federal government as the province already lags behind in the education sector. However, what is a matter of great concern is that these teachers are being paid a meagre sum — below Rs 20,000 — which is barely adequate given the current inflation and the skyrocketing price of commodities. Additionally, their salary is not being paid on a fixed date like it is for other employees, which further adds to the misery of the teachers. Furthermore, after a lapse of more than two years, the future of these teachers still hangs in the balance. What is more vexing is the fact that no one is ready to own this flock of teachers. The provincial government terms it a federal subject while the federal passes the buck by saying that it has done its part and that now it is up to the provincial government to regularise the teachers. I would like to request the concerned authorities to consider this problem concerning the package teachers so that they are regularised as soon as possible. —Turbat

Shun hereditary rule SYED SADAQAT HUSSAIN Pakistan is not an ancestral land to be taken advantage of by any ruling party or any family. It is an independent, democratic state achieved after the huge sacrifices of Indian Muslims decades ago. It is ironic that the leaders of the two biggest political parties in Pakistan only think about seeing this land ruled by their sons and daughters in the future. They should be fully aware that Pakistan is not an empire estate. We are a Pakistani family and we rise or fall together, as one nation and as one people. This should be the ideology of our politicians in every adversity and misfortune suffered by the nation. They should stand with us through every trial and play a key role in resolving the nation’s problems. However, our elite political leaders never stand together to reduce the miseries of the people while the nation faces its worst ever inflation, scarcity of electricity and gas, unemployment and rampant terrorism. Recently, the PML-N called an ur-

gent meeting of some 10 opposition parties, in and outside parliament, to combat the situation that arose due to Dr Qadri’s long march and sit-in. They expressed their firm resolve to resist any unconstitutional move to derail democracy, and asked the government to immediately announce a schedule for holding the general elections in a free, fair and impartial manner after the formation of a neutral caretaker set-up. Why was this not ensured earlier? Today the Pakistani nation is well aware and free to decide about its future in the light of the past and what it has been taught by incapable rulers and their incompetent rule. I firmly believe that the people of Pakistan will reject outright our current lot of politicians. While it is true that we cannot stop every violent act, we can definitely try to prevent them. The people of this country and the economic situation will not allow the same rulers for the next term because we are tired of seeing the same people preparing the ground for their own family members as though governance here belongs to only dynasties. There is ethnic violence in Karachi, sectarian violence in Quetta and separatist strife in Balochistan — all this is beyond the control of the present government. Is Pakistan a banana republic? Similarly, the violation of the LoC from the Indian side and the threatening statements by the Indian army chief are totally being ignored. The nation has suffered too much pain; it is wounded and floundering. —Karachi

Urgency to check measles DANIAH SHAH The deadly measles virus that caused havoc in Sindh recently, ravaging infants and young children, has made its way to North Waziristan. According to reports, four children have died and another 20 have been infected by the virus in just a week’s time. This should serve as a cause for alarm because, in Sindh, measles reached epidemic proportions. If steps are not taken immediately, we might see a rehash of what happened in Sindh happen in the Agency. I am appalled that the health authorities are not taking bigger note of the issue and are not working on policies and a plan to effectively target the virus with speedy immunisation drives and public awareness campaigns. What needs to be done on a war footing is dealing with the many ailments that are inflicting people, especially children, across the length and breadth of the land. Just because the majority of the victims are poor and downtrodden does not make them any less important. This matter must be looked into urgently. —Lahore

Throwing out rotten eggs SAFDAR ALI This is with reference to Naeem Sadiq’s article titled ‘ECP: a case of acquired helplessness’ (January 21). What Pakistan needs today is an authoritative election commission. Without it no change is possible. If the ECP closely scrutinises contesting candidates before the election, it is likely that all the cheaters, tax-evaders, law-breakers and exploiters are exposed. If rotten eggs are thrown out in the initial stages, there will be space for good, honest and educated people. I endorse Sadiq’s views that cooperation of all state institutions is imperative to respond to the ECP’s requests about scrutiny and ratification of the nomination process of candidates. Only an independent and unbiased election commission can bring real democracy in Pakistan. And in real democracy alone lies the solution of all our problems. —Pakpatten

READERS are requested to type their letters legibly with double spacing and only on one side of the paper.

—Editor Email:editorial@pakobserver.net


All is Not Well in Northern Iraq’s Oilfields SAM BOLLIER

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IKE in many conflicts around the world, the presence of oil is raising the stakes and the tensions in Kirkuk, Iraq’s ethnic Kurdish region. Baghdad currently disputes the Kurdistan Regional Government’s (KRG) control over Iraq’s northern oil field. The Kurdish security forces are patrolling the loosely defined border, with strict orders from the KRG to block the entrance of Iraqi military forces. The KRG relies heavily on revenue from these oil fields to support its growing autonomy from Baghdad. Earlier this year, a Kurdish truck delivered crude oil to the Turkish port of Mursin, marking the first time the KRG has exported oil directly to world markets. This dispute was exacerbated by the US administration during the Iraq War, which pushed for an independent Kurdish State for the benefit of multinational oil companies. In northern Iraq, ethnic Kurdish security forces called peshmerga patrol the poorly defined border of the country’s Kurdish region, with clear orders to keep Iraqi army troops out. “Everyone here is on alert,” Al Jazeera’s Omar al-Saleh reported from near the internal border on January 17. With both sides fully armed, he said, “any mistake could lead to a violent conflict”. Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki claims the right to freely move soldiers anywhere in the country, but the country’s semi-autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) says this is unconstitutional. As in so many other conflicts around the world, the presence of oil is raising the stakes and the tensions. Iraq’s ethnic Kurdish region is so oil-rich that in some places, the stuff literally oozes out of the ground. The KRG is using this oil to flex its political muscle and its growing independence from Baghdad: Earlier this month, a truck laden with crude oil from Iraq’s Kurdish region delivered its wares to the Turkish port of Mersin, on the Mediterranean Sea - marking the first time that the KRG has exported oil directly to world markets. Going around Baghdad: “Big

Oil loves Iraqi Kurdistan - compared to Baghdad,” energy expert and journalist Pepe Escobar told Al Jazeera.The region’s oil bounty and a friendly investment climate have induced major oil companies such as ExxonMobil andChevron to circumvent Baghdad,

Baghdad’s permission are “not legal and not constitutional”. “The ministry considers any oil exported without the knowledge of the government and the ministry of oil to be smuggled,” he told Al Jazeera. Nor, said Jihad, does the ministry recognise contracts

An employee works at the Tawke oil fields in the semiautonomous Kurdish region in northern Iraq. An Iraqi Kurdish official says the country’s self-ruled northern Kurdish region has suspended oil exports over a payment row with the central government in Baghdad. inking deals instead with the KRG, which is based in Erbil, about 300km north of Baghdad. Disputed region flares tensions in Iraq: Iraq’s embattled central government, already harried by a mass Sunniled protest movement in the country’s west and centre, is now facing down the KRG’s waxing ambitions as well. According to Assem Jihad, a spokesman for Iraq’s ministry of oil, exports without

signed without the federal government’s agreement. For its part, the KRG doesn’t recognise contracts signed without its permission, either: On January 18, it promptlyrejected Baghdad’s preliminary plans for British oil giant BP to help develop an oilfield near Kirkuk, a city disputed by the KRG and the central government. Turkey’s Kurd connection: But as the KRG’s relations with Baghdad fray, it is growing

cerning development and security. China and the United States share the most important bilateral relationship in today’s world. A stable, predictable relationship is a common need of China and the United States, as well as most other countries in the Asia-Pacific. A growing China will inevitably become a competitor to the United States in various fields, but as long as their competition is positive, it won’t damage the reciprocal and

complete control over South China Sea waters. China must therefore make it clear to the United States that it will not OOPERATION and competi behave like Japan before and during tion should highlight China’s in World War II, to show that Washington’s telligent reaction to the U.S. suspicion is unjustified. It will be very ‘pivot to Asia’ China also needs dangerous if Washington creates real fricto carefully and smartly deal with issues tion based on an incorrect assumption. on the sea. The 18th National Congress Proper handling of the China-Japan relaof the Communist Party of China (CPC) tionship is a test China must pass to set a goal of building China into a marilaunch its marine strategy and become a time power. The goal, which conforms to mature power. The United States has been using its alliance with Japan as the cornerstone of its Asia-Pacific strategy since the end of World War II. China must make necessary gestures when dealing with Japan, so as to tell Washington two facts: China is in a position to shape the direction of the China-Japan relationship, and the relationship is at the center of Washington’s Asia-Pacific strategy. It is therefore impossible for Washington to pursue its Asia-Pacific agenda by keeping a balance between China and Japan. Japan should be a supporting point instead of a trouble spot in the interaction between China and the United States. Washington’s strategic adjustment, which combines its Pacific strategy and Indian Ocean strategy, entrusts India as another important figure. China is sure that the China-India strategic partnership will operate as smoothly as before. India, in SHIFTING FOCUS: U.S. President Barack Obama (second right) meets with the meantime, will not heed all of visiting Chinese Vice Premier Wang Qishan (second left) at the White House. Washington’s demands as it seeks to fulChina’s peaceful development path while win-win pattern between them; it may also fill its own dream of becoming a global serve as a motivator for promoting the power. Australia has been in an awkward rejecting maritime hegemony, calls for strengthened marine cooperation. Regard- healthy development of the whole Asia- position as it hedges on both China and the United States in recent years. InsistAustralia has been in an awkward position as it ing on the principles of mutual respect and China can positively develop hedges on both China and the United States in recent cooperation, its relationship with Australia and conyears. Insisting on the principles of mutual respect and vince it that a U.S. ally can also be a partof China. This has been proved cooperation, China can positively develop its relation- ner throughout the history of China-Australia ship with Australia and convince it that a U.S. ally can relations, and will continue to be so. China’s development depends on its also be a partner of China. own efforts, rather than what the United Pacific region. China and the United States has done. The U.S. Asia-Pacific ing its maritime disputes with neighborStates can make the most of their respec- strategic adjustment will definitely coning nations, China’s best choice should be peacefully solving these disputes tive advantages to support regional coop- tinue through Obama’s second term, but through consultations and negotiations. eration while helping other countries in it will not alter China’s path of developMaintaining the stable development of the region improve their development ca- ment. During a visit to the United States in February 2012 as Chinese vice presiChina-U.S. relations is necessary for pability. The two sides should minimize the dent, Xi Jinping, now General Secretary China to manage Washington’s Asia-Pacific strategic adjustment. Although the possibility of future direct collisions at of the CPC Central Committee and exsea, and continue deeper and more prag- pected to assume the presidency in March, United States isn’t as powerful as it once was, it is still too early to say that the matic communication to keep differences pointed out that the wide Pacific Ocean nation is on the decline from its zenith as under control and reduce misunderstand- has ample space to hold both the great ing. The excuse given by the United powers of China and the United States. the only superpower in the world. CurStates to get involved in South China Sea History will turn his prophecy into a realrently, the United States cannot shake the foundation of China’s development, but affairs is its concern about navigation ity. —Courtesy Beijing Review it can surely raise the cost. The United freedom and safety. This stems from Washington’s anxiety that China might [The author is an op-ed contributor to States is the main rival of China’s rise, Beijing Review] but it also is a major partner in fields con- conduct “area denial” if it were to have

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oil pipeline, a plan jointly announced by Turkey and the KRG last year. A pipeline already links Iraq’s Kurdish region with Turkey, but it’s controlled by Baghdad. Last month, the KRG stopped exporting oil through this line after a payment dispute with the central government. Necdet Pamir, the former deputy general manager of the Turkish Petroleum Corporation and an instructor at Bilkent University in Ankara, argues that the planned pipeline is a bad idea. Whether or not one likes the Iraqi government, he

There are already indications that this strategy is bearing fruition. The recent announcement that negotiations between Turkey and the leader of the separatist Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) would take place in Erbil, the KRG’s capital - and not in, say, Oslo, where previous talks were held.It remains to be seen how susceptible the Turkish Kurds would be to the advice of Iraqi Kurds,” he cautioned. “But nonetheless, it is an important factor in the equation.”

Rational Response to US Shift AN GANG

closer to neighbouring Turkey. The Turkish government has fought a low-intensity Kurdish insurgency for decades, and has sometimes launched raids into northern Iraq’s Kurdish areas. As a result, Turkey and Iraq’s Kurds haven’t always been on close terms: Turkey has historically been “very concerned about the growth of autonomy on the part of the Iraqi Kurds”, worrying that this could encourage its own Kurdish population to seek greater autonomy, said Bulent Aliriza, the director of

the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ Turkey Project. In recent years, though, Turkey has made what Aliriza describes as a “180-degree change” from its previous policy, during which time business between Turkey and Iraq - especially its Kurdish region - has blossomed. According to theWall Street Journal, the countries did $8.3bn worth of business together in 2011, and many of the companies operating in Iraq’s Kurdish region are Turkish-owned. Kifah Karim, a Kurdish writer and journalist from Mosul, claims more Turkish politicians are becoming aware that measures such as cross-border raids into Iraqi Kurdistan are “irrational”, in light of the “thousands of business contracts forged with Kurdish companies in the region”. “There are hundreds of big Turkish companies working in the region,” he told Al Jazeera, “securing billions of dollars for the Turkish government coffers”. The next step in the relationship could be a new

said, Turkey should respect Baghdad’s prerogative. And a new pipeline built without the cooperation of Baghdad, he believes, would be foolish given the prevailing circumstances. “If there is instability in a region, you cannot construct a pipeline … [and] even if you build it, it won’t operate,” he explained - noting the aftermath of the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, in which he said Turkey lost huge amounts of transit fees when oil ceased to flow through the Iraq-Turkey pipeline. Baghdad’s not happy: Iraq’s central government is not thrilled by the KRG’s growing autonomy, and sees Turkey as an enabler. Escobar describes the situation between Turkey and Iraq today as an “undeclared war”. Exacerbating the tension, he told Al Jazeera, are the countries’ differing stances on the Syrian civil war, with Turkey staunchly opposing Syrian leader Bashar AlAssad, and Iraq supporting him. —Courtesy Al Jazeera

The UN’s legacy in Timor Leste EDIO GUTERRES, IVO MATEUS GONCALVES

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HE euphoria of the Christmas and New Year period has settled in Timor Leste as the country enters a new era. Having celebrated different historical moments in its history throughout the year, Timor Leste bid farewell to 2012 and in doing so made history. The beginning of the New Year marked the end of a 13-year United Nations engagement to assist the construction of a new state. Timor Leste is now entering into a “new relationship” with the world body. The last UN mission, the United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor Leste (UNMIT) was established with UN Security Council Resolution 1704 in late August 2006 and was mandated, inter alia, to consolidate national stability, restore and maintain public security through the provision of support to the Timorese National Police force and complete investigations into outstanding cases of serious human rights violations in 1999. By the time peacekeeping operations ended in 2005, Timor Leste was hailed as a UN success story. When violence broke out in the nation’s capital, Dili, in 2006, the UN was eager for that success story not to be spoilt. The Security Council promptly established UNMIT and authorized the deployment of a UN Police (UNPOL) force, which at its peak numbered 1,600 personnel. Having probably heeded advice from long time New York resident and former president of Timor Leste Jose Ramos Horta, that an Asian food restaurant in downtown Manhattan would take years before it made a profit, the UN was now here for as long as it took, to deal with criticism leveled against it that its early departure was a contributing factor to the 2006 violence. Throughout the 13 years, the UN success story of Timor Leste has also been a darling of the international media. With the UN pull-out and major conflict escalations elsewhere, international media attention on the country now looks certain to fade. As the partnership takes a new shape, scrutiny will now focus on the work done and tasks that remain incomplete. While the UN peacekeeping mission departs, development agencies will stay behind to continue providing support in social and economic development. It was always certain that the UN would not stay forever. What was unclear, however, was where to draw the departure line. At the close of UNMIT, almost everyone involved in the process, Timorese

and internationals alike, were convinced that Timor Leste was now ready to stand alone. The peaceful and smooth conduct of three rounds of elections in 2012 with minimal UN support, and the prevalence of peace following the Feb. 11, 2008 assassination attempt on the then president Horta’s life are proof for this claim. The Supplementary Policing Agreement signed on Dec. 1, 2006 between the

deterring violence throughout the country. When UNMIT left at the end of 2012, it was hailed as another success, the credit for which goes to the Timorese people, their leaders and the international community alike. But was this a victorious departure? At the last commemoration of the renowned Santa Cruz Massacre of Nov. 12, before UNMIT’s departure in 2012, the National Alliance for an International Tri-

... Finn Reske-Nielsen, Head of the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste. Timor Leste government and the UN es- bunal called on the UN not to abandon its tablished that UNPOL was the holder of duty to bring justice to the victims of past executive policing authority in the coun- human rights violations. try, thus overseeing the National Police On the other hand, both Prime Minis-

Until Timor Leste and Indonesia muster enough power to confront and address their pasts, justice will, to quote the late, former Indonesian foreign minister Ali Alatas, continue to be a “pebble in the shoe” of the UN, Timor Leste and Indonesia. of Timor Leste (PNTL). However, the UNPOL-PNTL partnership was ambiguous. Despite the terms of the Supplementary Policing Agreement, the reality on the ground spoke of different facts. Up to the date of their withdrawal, UN police officers were barely deployed beyond the district centers on permanent basis. In the subdistricts and villages where the majority of Timorese live, PNTL officers were the sole security providers. Confusion arose within the community as well as the police force in regards to the dualism of command in the police force. In 2008 for instance, two consecutive orders of suspension by the UNPOL commissioner against the interim PNTL district commander of Baucau were overturned by PNTL’s national leadership. This confusion was attributed to a lack of socialization both on the side of UNMIT and the Timorese government. Nevertheless, the presence of a UNPOL force and its support for the PNTL has largely been effective in quelling and

ter Xanana Gusmao and former president Jose Ramos Horta have publicly and pragmatically asserted they will not call for an international tribunal on Timor Leste. They have also questioned why the UN did not do more to pursue justice when the organization held administrative power in the country during the years of transition. It is clear that to leave or even push the government of Timor Leste to take the responsibility for pursuing justice for past human rights violations is unfair, as it is an impossible task in the foreseeable future, given the geopolitical, economic and strategic interests at stake. What is also clear is the fact that calls for accountability for past human rights violations will continue to haunt the UN record in Timor Leste and bilateral relations with Indonesia. As democracy flourishes in both Timor Leste and Indonesia, voices demanding justice for past human rights violations look set to get louder in both countries. —Courtesy Jakarta Post

Global Food Crisis Will Worsen as Heatwaves Damage Crops, Research Finds DAMIAN CARRINGTON

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coming decades due to climate change. Extreme heat led to 2012 becoming the hottest year in the US on record and the worst corn crop in two decades. New research, which used corn growing in France

EVERE heat waves are having destruc tive effects on crop yields. Unless sig nificant steps to curb climate change are taken, global warming will deepen the food crisis. A recent study published in Nature Climate Change indicates that if we continue on this road, wheat and soybean harvests will fall by up to 30% by 2050. Modern agricultural advancements have caused an increase in crop yields over the past 50 years; however, agro-industrial methods have heavily contributed to the release of greenhouse gases. The study shows that if global carbon and greenhouse gas emissions are reduced, crop damage will improve. In light of this study, Ed Davey, the UK’s secretary of state for energy and climate change, said that it is “vital we stick with the UN climate change negotiations and secure a global legally binding deal by 2015”. The world’s food crisis, where 1 billion people Global food crisis will worsen as heatwaves damare already going hungry and a further 2 billion people age crops, research finds - ... will be affected by 2050, is set to worsen as increasas an example, predicts losses of up to 12% for maize ing heatwaves reverse the rising crop yields seen over yields in the next 20 years. A second, longer-term the last 50 years, according to new research. Severe study published on Sunday indicates that, without heatwaves, such as those currently seen in Australia, are expected to become many times more likely in action against climate change, wheat and soybean

harvests will fall by up to 30% by 2050 as the world warms. “Our research rings alarm bells for future food security,” said Ed Hawkins, at the University of Reading, who worked on the corn study. “Over the last 50 years, developments in agriculture, such as fertilisers and irrigation, have increased yields of the world’s staple foods, but we’re starting to see a slowdown in

crop in France, which is the UK’s biggest source of imported corn. Yields had quadrupled between 1960 and 2000 but barely improved in the last decade, while the number of hot days more than doubled. By the 2020s, hot days are expected to occur over large areas of France where previously they were uncommon and, unless farmers find ways to combat

of the University of Reading, who led the study, published in Nature Climate Change. One example showed global productivity of spring wheat could drop by 20% by the 2050s, but such a drop in yields is delayed until 2100 if firm action is taken to cut greenhouse gas emissions. River flooding was the impact which was most reduced if

“We can avoid many of the worst impacts of climate change if we work hard together to keep global emissions down. This research helps us quantify the benefits of limiting temperature rise to 2C and underlines why it’s vital we stick with the UN climate change negotiations and secure a global legally binding deal by 2015. yield increases.” He said increasing frequency of hot days across the world could explain some of this slowdown. “Current advances in agriculture are too slow to offset the expected damage to crops from heat stress in the future,” said Prof Andy Challinor, at the University of Leeds. “Feeding a growing population as climate changes is a major challenge, especially since the land available for agricultural expansion is limited. Supplies of the major food crops could be at risk unless we plan for future climates.” Hawkins, Challinor and colleagues examined how the number of days when the temperature rose above 32C affected the maize

the heat stress that damages seed formation, yields of French maize could fall by 12% compared to today. Hawkins said there will be some differences with other crops in different locations, but added: “Extreme heat is not good for crops.” The second study is the first global assessment of a range of climate change impacts, from increased flooding to rising demand for air conditioning, of how cutting carbon emissions could reduce these impacts, published in Nature Climate Change. “Our research clearly identifies the benefits of reducing greenhouse gas emissions – less severe impacts on crops and flooding are two areas of particular benefit,” said Prof Nigel Arnell

climate action is taken, the study found. Without action, even optimistic forecasts suggest the world will warm by 4C, which would expose about 330m people globally to greater flooding. But that number could be cut in half if emissions start to fall in the next few years. Flooding is the biggest climate threat to the UK, with over 8,000 homes submerged in 2012. Another dramatic impact was on the need for air conditioning as temperatures rise. The energy needed for cooling is set to soar but could be cut by 30% if the world acts to curb emissions, with the benefit being particularly high in Europe. —Courtesy Guardian


Muslim scholars

AGP blasts

From Page 1

From Page 1

was not limited to the Muslims only, he emphasized. He led a reform movement the fruits of which have benefited every soul. The Holy Quran repeatedly says that he was certainly sent to all humanity. “Muslim scholars have practically failed to make him accepted by everyone under the sky that his teachings were for the entire humanity,” he said. Mr. Malik particularly highlighted the superb divine futuristic wisdom of the Prophet demonstrated by the Last Prophet by his actions like signing of Meesaqi-Madinah, Sulah-e-Hudaibya, Fateh-i-Makkah and particularly his Last Sermon at Mount Arafat. He said all this reflected the real message for all concerned whether it was a government or an individual He said that the proposed International Seerat Centre to be established by the NPC in (L) Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt, Chief of the Air Staff, Pakistan Air Force sitting in an F-16 Fighting Falcon before leading a strike escort mission during PAF Exercise Saffron Bandit. Islamabad would take care of this (R) Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, General Khalid Shamim Wynne observing aerial warfare and employment of integrated air and ground combat elements while flying in an much needed task. He disclosed AEW&C Aircraft during PAF Exercise on Thursday. that he was giving final touches to the plan of the Centre for which a beginning has already been made.

ECP approves From Page 1 that the election commission in neighbouring India gets all administrative powers with the announcement of election schedule, a power that the Pakistani election commission never had before. In the same meeting, the ECP had finally resolved between two political parties when it allocated an election symbol of ‘balance’ (tarazoo) to Jamaat-iIslami (JI).—NNI

Eid Milad-unNabi today From Page 1 Newspapers and magazines will special supplements, while television channels and radio stations will be airing special ‘Naatia Mushairas’ and quiz programmes on Seerat-e-Mustafa (PBUH). All major government and private buildings, residential plazas, markets, mosques, roundabouts and even houses have been tastefully decorated. Arrangements have been finalized for Milad processions in different parts of the country, while faithful are actively participating in the programmes organised by different local, religious and social organizations. Na’at and the Holy Quran reciting competitions would be held throughout the day in almost every nook and corner of the country to revive the real spirit of Islam and offer respect to the Holy Prophet (PBUH). —INP

PM consulting leaders From Page 1

cide about their dissolution. The Information Minister termed the written agreement with Tahirul Qadri as legal and said we stand by it and will implement it. He said another meeting with Tahirul Qadri will be held on Sunday. The Minister said elections schedule has so far not been announced and the governments can go ahead with the legislation‚ development work and make appointments till the last day of the completion of their tenure. Qamar Zaman Kaira said the commission on creation of new provinces was established after consultations with the opposition parties. Earlier‚ addressing Seeratun- Nabi conference at Allama Iqbal Open University in Islamabad‚ the Information Minister said by following the teachings of Holy Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) we can confront all challenges. He said we can establish an ideal society only by following the teachings of the last prophet (PBUH). The minister regretted that some misguided are using the name of Islam to exploit the people. These misguided are against the education of girls and women which is totally contrary to the message of holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad [peace be upon him]. He called upon the religious scholars to highlight the true image of Islam which is a practical religion.—NNI

AUCTION NOTICE In the Court of Mr. Muhammad Tariq Wali Judge Banking Court-I , 13-A Qafla Road Tehkal Payan University town Peshawar Allied Bank Ltd Swabi branch VS Mohammad Ayaz s/o Shah Nawaz Khan proprietor Family Mart Bus Stand Swabi . Recovery of Decretal amount Rs. 326831Next Date of hearing 16-2-2013 Property under Auction—Property consisting of land and shops measuring 3 marlas and four SarsaiKhasra no 3454, 3453, 3409, 3408 old Nos 1991 5840/1992, Khata no 3459/4781-4782 4784 situated at Ittefaq Market hospital road mauzaMameraipayan Tehsil & District Swabi. Auction shall be held on 14-2-2013 at 8:00 a.m. till after noon. The property shall be sold to highest bidder, provided the auction is confirmed by the court. ¼ th of the highest bid shall be deposited on the spot with the auctioneer and the remaining ¾th shall be deposited with in 15 days of the auction with in the court. Any one who has any claim, whatsoever must inform the court 5efore the date of auction. Seal of the court Judge Banking Court-1 Peshawar

AUCTION NOTICE In the court of Mr. Salim Jan Khan Judge Banking Court 11 KPK Banglow no 1 Afzalabad old Bara Road, University town Peshawar UBL Rustam branch Mardan VS Syed Farman Ali Shah s/o Syed Fazal Mehmood r/o Baz Hujra PO Rustam Mardan. Recovery of Decretal amount Rs. 568967 Property under Auction—Land measuring 7 marlasKhasra no 1423 ,SalumKhata no 1084-1756-1767 situated at Baz Hujra PO Rustam Mardan. Auction shall be held on 12—2013 at 9:00 a.m. till after noon. The property shall be sold to highest bidder, provided the auction is confirmed by the court. ¼ th of the highest bid shall be deposited on the spot with the auctioneer and the remaining ¾th shall be deposited within 15 days of the auction with in the court. Anyone who has any claim, whatsoever must inform the court 5efore the date of auction. Seal of the court Judge Banking Court-11 Peshawar

AUCTION NOTICE In the Court of Mr. Muhammad Tariq Wali Judge Banking Court-I , 13-A Qafla Road Tehkal Payan University town Peshawar Allied Bank Ltd Said Abad branch VS Meer Iqbal Ayaz s/o Meer Azam proprietor Meer Trunk house shop no 5 Ramdaas Chowk Peshawar 2) Mrs Noor ul Ain w/o Meer Iqbal R/o 2313/ 14 MohallahSarbanan Peshawar. Recovery of Decretal amount Rs. 435960Next Date of hearing 14-2-2013 Property under Auction— Shop no 5 measuring 140 sq feet bounded as north shop Imtiaz , south house Mir Azam, east property Meer Asghar , west shop Meer Hazraat situated at Ramdaas Chowk Peshawar. Auction shall be held on 11-2-2013 at 8:00 a.m. till after noon. The property shall be sold to highest bidder, provided the auction is confirmed by the court. ¼ th of the highest bid shall be deposited on the spot with the auctioneer and the remaining ¾th shall be deposited with in 15 days of the auction with in the court. Any one who has any claim, whatsoever must inform the court 5efore the date of auction. Seal of the court Judge Banking Court-1Peshawar.

Mobile networks From Page 1

to the provincial government, asking to suspend the mobile networks in the city on Friday. Moreover, Section 144 of the Criminal Code was also imposed on the Eid Milad-un-Nabi procession’s route in Lahore, where pillion riding, one-wheeling, riding motorcycles without a silencer would be prohibited. Entry of heavy vehicles into the procession has also been banned. Section 144 was also imposed in Rawalpindi in order to

maintain security in the city during the 12th Rabiul Awwal celebrations. Under the Section 144, pillion riding, use and display of weapons and use of any kind of fireworks have been banned on Jan 25 and 26, 2013 in Rawalpindi. People have also been prohibited from standing on or going to the rooftops of the buildings along the route of the Eid Milad-un-Nabi procession in Rawalpindi, according to DCO Saqib Zafar.—Online

Armed Forces From Back Page the sister services draw strength from PAF’s commitment and motivation.” Earlier, CJCSC flew in an AEW&C Aircraft to observe the complexities of aerial warfare and the professional handling and employment of integrated air and ground combat elements by the aircrew. It was yet another historic event when Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt, Chief of the Air Staff, Pakistan Air Force himself participated in

the exercise and examined the war preparedness of PAF Combat Squadrons. While interacting with the participants after flying the mission, General Kahlid Shamim Wynne said, “The opportunity to interact with the skilled Air Warriors and to practically fly with them in Exercise Saffron Bandit has afforded me an insight into the high quality of training standards maintained by the PAF.

700 people being held From Page 1 Nasir Jamal said illegal arms and hand-grenades had been recovered from them. Tariq Asad, counsel for the accused persons, contended if the prisoners were under their custody then from where the arms came. Attorney General Irfan Qadir revealed that security agencies are holding at least 700 people without trial in connection with the “war on terror”. He said none of the suspects could be freed until the end of operations in the tribal belt, and declined to say how long they had been in custody. “There are about 700 people detained in the tribal areas and they cannot be released until the ongoing military operation in those regions concludes,” Qadir told the court. “The detained men can be handed over to authorities only after the operation is halted in the tribal regions.” He also said that the detainees would be tried under the Frontier Crimes Regu-

lation (FCR). The Chief Justice asked the attorney general as to how the case would be tried under the FCR and questioned him over the basis upon which the prisoners were detained. “These people cannot be kept in illegal custody for an indefinite period because it is against the constitution and basic fundamental rights,” said the CJ. “We don’t say you should release them. we want you to try them in accordance with the law,” he added. Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry, giving his remarks, said that the prisoners should be released on their own as there would be implications in case the court issued orders which prompted the Attorney General to request time to find a way out for the prisoners. Addressing the AG Irfan Qadir, the CJP remarked “ there is no evidence against these prisoners”.— Online

SC orders NAB to file reference From Page 1 Interior had earlier ordered inquiry into the fleeing of former chairman, Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA), Tauqeer Sadiq from Pakistan and director general, Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) was asked to submit a re-port in this regard. As per official record, the minis-ter had also ordered for placing his name on Exit Control List (ECL) on January 19, 2012 within 24 hours of submission of file to him. He said there is no non-cooperation, whatsoever, by the minister for Interior with the NAB in this matter. The Spokesman said there was no influence by Senator Jehangir Badar or anybody else on the minister.

He said the FIA inquiry revealed that Tauqeer Sadiq did not leave Pakistan through authorized routes. The FIA took the cognisance and tried to trace him in Dubai where he was arrested with help of Dubai authorities. Minister for Interior had also directed FIA to inquire through Interpol, Dubai as to why he (Tauqeer) was released when request for his deportation or extradition was made to United Arab Emirates (UAE) authorities. He said Minister for Interior fully cooperated with NAB and Tauqeer Sadiq is still on ECL. The Minister for Interior reserved the right to sue those involved in disinformation against him and FIA, he concluded.

Stop using drones From Page 1 According to the president’s spokesman, both discussed bilateral relations, especially Pakistan-US relations. The meeting also discussed the development projects in Pakistan being done under USAID. According to sources, President Zardari conveyed to the US ambassador concerns over drone attacks and said that such attacks are not only violation of Pakistan’s sovereignty but are counter pro-

ductive. He said that drone attacks have complicated the anti terror drive. He said that such attacks fuel anti US sentiments and are killing civilians. Sources said that President said that US new guidelines over drone attacks in Pakistan need to be reviewed. Stressin on enhanced intelligence sharing to combat militancy in tribal areas he said that our forces are well equipped and competent enough to handle terrorists.—Online

—describes Qadri’s long march women as Ababils From Page 1

leled deep commitment and exemplary conduct of the women participants in the four day Long March of Sheikh-ul-Islam Tahirul-qadri, Chief of Tehrik Minhaj-ul-quran, saying that was the most captivating scene which Pakistanis never witnessed before He said that under the open sky in chilly weather, icy winds and drenching rain nothing could deter the steadfastness of women participants of the Long March adding that was really a unique and highly inspiring event. he said that the entire scenario reminded of the Ababils as mentioned in the Holy Quran that they crushed the Army of Elephants, sent by Abraha, King of Yemen, to attack the city of Makkah, by dropping pebbles on them. “Qadri’s women marchers also shook the Government and all others concerned,” he added.

‘NAB official’s death From Page 1 tice Jawwad S. Khawaja ordered police, the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority and Faisal’s employer, anticorruption watchdog the National Accountability Bureau (NAB), to submit documents related to the case by Saturday. Among information demanded are phone records of senior NAB officials, and records and CCTV footage of all meetings and events at NAB since January 15 – the day that the Supreme Court ordered the prime minister’s arrest. Khawaja said it was important to determine whether there was any link between Faisal’s death and the order that Ashraf and 15 other officials be arrested. “And all indications and evidences show that this unnatural death has a link with the case we were hearing. This is not an ordinary case,” he said. “After the order dated January 15 in the Rental Power Plants (RPP) case, it also becomes important for the court to ascertain if there was an attempt to interfere into the proceedings of RPP case,” he added. Faisal’s brother-in-law Hamid Munir, who also works at NAB, appeared before the court to complain that police had not registered a case into his death.

Last Hajj Sermon From Page 1 women and less fortunate sections of society. He said it was the first charter in the annals of history which was announced after it had been implemented in all respects by Holy Prophet (PBUH). Prof Mohammad Tufail in his speech said, the last Hajj sermon marked completion of Islamic message. He pointed out that the sermon defines rights towards Allah, towards the prophet (PBUH) and towards the humans. Prof Ayub Sabir in his address said the last Hajj sermon of the Holy Prophet(PBUH) sets the sole standard of precedence over others which is peity not anything else, be it wordly status, race or colour. In his sermon the Holy Prophet(PBUH) declared that all humans beings are equal and entitled to same rights. Sahibzada Hassaan Habibur-Rehman and Ms Farrukh Khan recited naats in praise of the Holy Prophet(PBUH) A large number of people including the youths participated in the seminar.

UN to probe legality From Page 1

result of a request by several nations, including Pakistan and two permanent members of the UN security council. Pakistan’s government has continuously raised concerns, publicly, over drone strikes in its north-western tribal belt, citing a violation of sovereignty. The majority of attacks take place in North Waziristan. Staff in Geneva have already be-gun to examine details of individual drone strikes. Emmerson says that, when assembled, his dossier of evidence may not lead to direct “attribution of legal liability” but will enable him to seek a response from those states found to be responsible. Although many US officials justify drone strikes in Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia as acceptable as part of the ‘War on Terror’, others in the Washington administration have more re-

cently acknowledged a need to provide legal justification to the international community. Emmerson told the Guardian: “One of the questions we will be looking at is whether, given the local demography, aerial attacks carry too high a risk of a disproportionate number of civilian casualties.” Between June 2004 and September 2012, according to research by the Bureau of Investigative Journalism, drone strikes killed between 2,562 and 3,325 people in Pakistan, of whom between 474 and 881 were civilians, including 176 children. In 2012 alone, 46 drone strikes took place in the country, according to Washington think-tank, the New America Foundation. This “drone war” is officially classified, and the US does not provide any information on the strikes.

SBP pursuing From Back Page nancial market players to develop a long term vision for making the financial sector in Pakistan more inclusive,’ SBP Governor added. Mr. Anwar observed that the estimated microfinance market of 25-30 million clients may not necessarily just need credit services. ‘It is of utmost importance that the industry should aim to provide holistic and appropriate financial services, including deposit, credit, insurance and remittance services,’ he said, adding that the SBP is well aware of the fact that the industry is beset with a number of challenges in the way of achieving this high objective. ‘SBP is actively engaged

with all stakeholders to address the sector specific challenges in a sustainable manner,’ he said. He noted that the financial sector in Pakistan remains restricted in its outreach both in terms of its depth and breadth. According to the Access to Finance Study of 2008, hardly 12% of the population has access to formal banking services and another 32% is informally served whereas 56% of the adult population is totally excluded, he said adding that similarly in Pakistan, the estimated size of the microfinance market is in the range of 25-30 million clients which indicates that the current level of microfinance access at 2.4 million clients is only 10% of the potential market.—NNI

He was speaking in the meeting of Public Accounts Committee, which was held on Thursday in parliament house and chaired by Chairman Nadim Afzal Gondal. “We took up the case of rental power projects but PAC did not discuss it , later the Supreme Court took action on it and the recovery which was to be made through Auditor General’s Office, was made on the orders of SC”, he added. He said that Chairman PAC ensured Auditor General’s office to bring the cases of mega corruption scandals under discussion in February. He said that the reports of Auditor General in which the government is exposed are put under cover due to which the court takes suo motto action on them. He said that the reports on mega scandal would come on surface after the retirement of the involved persons, which has no use —Online

Pakistan to miss From Page 1 rate of the country will remain 3.5 percent per annum which is 0.2 percentages lower than projected growth rate for the current fiscal year. Pakistan government has set GDP growth target 4.5 percent for the current fiscal year but World Bank and IMF projected growth rate mere 3.8 and 3.7 respectively. The IMF projected that inflation will remain high in Pakistan and will surge to 11.3 percent during 2012 and 11.8percent in 2013. Pakistan government has set inflation target at 9.5 percent and it is trying to reduce it to single digit.—INP

Pak needs radical changes From Page 1 Qadri or ever visited Canada. UK does not take sides with any party but wants to see transfer of power from one civilian government to the other civilian government after the general elections under the Constitution. It is also encouraging to see that Election Commission of Pakistan is doing good job. To a question on recent escalated tension between Pakistan and India on the Line of Control, he said peace is in the interest of both the countries.UK favours de-escalation in tension. When asked on Afghanistan situation, he said Prime Minister of UK will host a trilateral conference in London on Feb 3 and 4 where President Asif Ali Zardari, Hina Rabbani Khar, Army Chief and DG ISI will attend from Pakistan. It is a continuation of the previous meetings aimed at restoring peace in Afghanistan, stability of the region and border management.


JUI, BNP-A stage walk-out from Senate Balochistan deprivation resounds in NA STAFF REPORTER

Gas leaks

100 students, teachers faint RAHIMYAR KHAN—Atleast more than 100 students and teachers fell unconscious due to gas leakage from a broken gas pipeline in girls school on Thursday. The incident occurred in the area of Rahimyar khan at court Samaba when repair works was being carried out in nearby school building. Due to repair work a gas pipeline broke as a result the classrooms were filled with gas and 100 students and teachers who were present in school fainted. On receiving information, police reached on the spot and shifted the unconscious students, teachers into Sheikh Zahid hospital for medical aid.—Online

I SLAMABAD —The Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam (JUI) and Balochistan National Party Awami (BNP-A) staged a walk out from the Senate on Thursday against the imposition of Governor’s rule in Balochistan province. The Senators, who had staged a walk out from the Senate session, demanded an end to the Governor’s rule in the province and the resumption of the elected government. Senator Raza Rabbani belonging to the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) also ISLAMABAD: Nazriya Pakistan Council arranged a seminar on Last Hajj Sermon of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) at staged a walk out from the Aiwan-e-Quaid. Chairman NPC Zahid Malik, Editor-in-Chief Pakistan Observer addresses the seminar. On the dais Senate over the transfer of (from left to right) are Kanwar Dilshad, Executive Secretary NPC, Prof. Ayub Sabir, Dr. Zia-ul-Haq, Sahibzada the officer investigating Hassaan Habib-ur-Rehman and Dr. Mohammad Tufail. —PO photo by Sultan Bashir Karachi’s Baldia fire tragedy. The Senate session was adjourned until 4 pm today. Meanwhile, resources constraint and lack of facili-

FO: Pakistan committed to granting India MFN status STAFF REPORTER

I SLAMABAD —Pakistan is

committed to its stance of granting the ‘Most Favoured Nation’ (MFN) status to India, a spokes-man for the foreign office said on Thursday. During a weekly briefing in Islamabad, Foreign Office Landslide blocks spokes-man Moazzam Ali Skardu river Khan said that Pakistan SKARDU—Baltistan Commis- hopes for better trade relasioner has said a massive land- tions with India and will conits efforts for slide that fell down into river tinue Baltoro changed course of water, inundating adjacent areas in Skardu. He said that a 300 x 800 mountain landslide resulted in submerging lower areas, adding that 20 feet deep water accumulated due to the land sliding in some areas. Yaseen Local administration said K ARACHI —Mr. Commissioner Baltistan Divi- Anwar, Governor, State Bank sion dispatched a team of of Pakistan has said that the Construction Department to SBP is pursuing a multipronged approach to tackle the affected area.—Online the challenge of high finanexclusion in the country. Quetta Imam shot cial ‘In particular, SBP is aiming to develop an efficient and dead Q UETTA —Unknown motor- sustainable market-based ficyclists shot dead a prayer nancial structure meeting the leader at Satellite Town in financial needs of the Quetta on Thursday. Police marginalized population of country including say the firing incident took the place near Kakar Colony, women and young people,’ Unknown gunmen riding a he said while addressing the bike targeted prayer leader Closure Ceremony of Term Mufti Rehmatullah as soon Finance (Sarmaya) Certificate of Tameer as he left his house for (TFC) mosque to lead afternoon Microfinance Bank here prayers. He died on the spot. Thursday. He said that the issuance Police and security forces cordoned off the area and of this TFC will go a long way shifted the dead body to Civil in diversifying funding for Hospital. According to Dr the microfinance sector. ‘I Jafar, the deceased was shot strongly encourage all the fi Continued on Page 7 twice in his neck.—Online

SBP pursuing multi-pronged strategy: Yaseen

normalisation of trade relations with the neighbouring country. Khan said that Pakistan wishes to resolve all issues with India through dialogue, and urged that both countries should opt for bi-lateral talks to remove any reservations. Speaking about statements by Indian government officials regarding Hindu terrorist organisations, the spokesman hoped that firm

steps would be taken in light of the statements. Moreover, Khan expressed the hope that India would soon complete its investigation of the Samjhauta Express tragedy, and that it would bring to book the perpetrators of the crime. The spokesman also reiterated Pakistan’s stance on US drone strikes on its territory, calling them unlawful and a breach of the country’s sovereignty.

Pak-Turkey to construct Fleet Tanker for Pakistan Navy ISLAMABAD—Pakistan and a source to meet the future Turkish firm have signed a contract for construction of Fleet Tanker (Logistic Support Ship) for Pakistan Navy. Under the contract, design of the ship along with Kit of Material (KoM) will be provided by Turkish firm M/s STM and the complete construction and assembly activities will be undertaken at Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works Ltd. Ship construction is a strategic industry, in fact no country has gained the status of a developed country without the development of the shipbuilding industry and trained manpower in this field. Therefore, construction Fleet Tanker at Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works Ltd will not only enhance ship construction capacity/ expertise but will also help in developing its human re-

challenges of warship design and construction. Local downstream industry, in the long run will also benefit from the ship construction in the form of procurement of construction consumable by Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works from the local market. According to officials sources, the Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works is already constructing ships/craft for Pakistan Navy, however, this is the first time in the history of the country that Karachi Shipyeard and Engineering Works will build a Fleet Tanker/Logistics Support Ship at its facilities. Construction of the Fleet Tanker is in line with Admiral Mohammad Asif Sandila, Chief of the Naval Staff’s vision of achieving self-reliance and indigenization of defence equipment.—APP

PML-N demands sacking of governors before polls SALIM AHMED

L AHORE —Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) Thursday called for the removal of all politically-appointed governors in the provinces before the upcoming general elections in the country. Opposition leader in National Assembly Chaudhary Nisar Ali Khan told reporters at Raiwind residence of PML-N leader Nawaz Sharif that the PMLN have no trust on all the four governors of the provinces and demands their removal prior to the forthcoming general elections so that no body could influence the polls. Nisar said the PML-N is of the considered view the governors of all the four provinces were appointed on ‘political basis’, adding that all of them should tender their resignations before the elections. He said that the governors of Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa belonged to MQM, PML-Q and PPP, respectively while the Punjab governor is of ‘all political parties.’

Govt reservations on ban on recruitments ISLAMABAD—Federal Minister Khursheed Shah‚ Farooq H. Naek and Manzoor Ahmad Wattoo held a meeting with Chief Election Commissioner‚ Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim in Islamabad. They apprised the CEC about reservations over ban on appointments.—NNI

ties in Balochistan once again resounded in National Assembly Thursday when an MNA from Balochistan Abdul Qadir Baloch regretted long intervals of power outage and gas shortage in the province. “We produce power and it is used by Sindh. We produce gas and it is used by whole country. Our people are living in darkness and in extreme cold and both the facilities are still a far cry for them,” he said on a point of order. Giving statistics to prove his stance, the member mentioned that total 2200 MW power is produced from two projects in his province; Hub and Uch power. Out of this production, 1600 MW power is provided to Sindh and we are given only 600 MW against our requirement of 1800 MW. “Why this step-

motherly treatment with our people. At least our right should be acknowledged on what we produce.” He also complained of lack of infrastructure in the province to supply power and mentioned to under construction power supply lines of 225 MW each, one from Dadu to Khuzdar and other from D G Khan to Loralai. “None of the projects could be completed during last two years despite repeated assurances. We are simply shedding crocodile tears but no practical steps are taken.” Qadir Baloch also mentioned illegal tube-well connections in the province that were ruthlessly sucking out the ground water posing serious threat to apple and pomegranate gardens. The water table has gone down to 1000 feet and this fruit basket of the country is ruining gradually.

against Baldia Budgetary deficit in 1st ‘Case factory owners not 6 months 2.8pc of GDP to be withdrawn’ I S L A M A B A D —Minister of State for Finance Saleem H. Mandviwala informed the National Assembly on Thursday that based on provisional figures, the budget deficit during the period of July to December 2012 were projected at 2.8 percent of GDP as against 4.7 percent GDP estimated for the financial year 201213. He said federal net revenue receipts amounted to Rs 759 billion against the target of Rs 1775 billion for the whole year. The Minister of State said federal expenditure during this period was 1497 billion rupees against the

budgetary allocation of Rs 2960 billion for the year 201213. He said provisional surplus of first half of current financial year amounted to Rs 87 billion. He said Pakistan has received 3.6 billion dollars in Coalition Support Fund during the last five years. Mr Mandviwala said a total amount of Rs 60.36 billion has been collected as Petroleum Levy charges as part of Federal Consolidated Fund. Regarding financing future gas infrastructure he said, the Parliament had already approved a Gas Infrastructure Development Cess on December 2011. —INP

Armed forces well-prepared to defend country: CJCSC OBSERVER REPORT ISLAMABAD—“Pakistan is a peace-loving nation. Nevertheless, I am confident that we as a Nation, the Armed Forces and specifically the Pakistan Air Force, are wellprepared to defend our sovereignty and territorial integrity.” It was stated by Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Kahlid Shamim Wynne, while visiting the ongoing Exercise Saffron Bandit 2012-13 held at an Operational Base of Pakistan Air Force today. He further said, “The pre-

vailing complex global geopolitical environment and regional threat situation are not only unique but also more challenging, since we face both internal and external threats. Therefore, readiness Pictures on Page-7 and war preparedness have attained enhanced significance. PAF is a potent and frontline element of National Security, and through the highest levels of professionalism; it will always measure up to the expectations of the nation. In fact, the nation and

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KARACHI—President Asif Ali Zardari has assured that a case against owners of firestruck Baldia factory would not be withdrawn by the government. The President held out this assurance to Governor Sindh Dr. Ishratul Ibad Khan who telephoned him following a report that Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf has ordered withdrawal of case, four months after the worst-ever industrial disaster in the history of Pakistan. More than 250 people were perished the fire at a garment factory in Karachi’s Baldia Town in October last year.—INP

Fazal offers to mediate talks with Taliban ISLAMABAD—Jamiat Ulema – i-Islam chief, Maulana Fazlur Rehman has offered his services to mediate talks with the Taliban. Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud via a video released to news outlets, had offered to open talks. Speaking to a private TV channel, Fazlur Rehman said that if the government gives him complete authority then he is ready to mediate talks with the Taliban. He said that the Taliban offer of talks should be considered seriously. He said that All Parties Conference of ANP is meaningless.—Online


Eating disorders effect vegetarian teens at a higher rate

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HE practice of vegetarianism involves eating a diet that excludes meat, fish, and poultry, while a variation of the vegetarian diet, known as the vegan diet, also excludes eggs, dairy products, and honey. Following a properly planned vegetarian diet can fulfill the nutritional needs of people of any age and can even significantly lower risks of cancer and heart disease, as well as other diseases. However, vegetarianism has become increasingly popular among teens for various reasons and may put them at greater risk for the development of serious eating disorders. A study published last year in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association revealed that while young adult vegetarians were less likely to be overweight than non-vegetarians, about 20 to 25 percent of current and former vegetarians demonstrated unhealthy behaviors for weight control. Among the harmful practices were the use of diet pills, and symptoms of eating disorders, such as regurgitation, the use of laxatives and diuretics, as well as binge eating. Lead researcher Ramona RobinsonO’Brien, assistant professor in the Nutrition Department at the College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University advised, “Clinicians and nutrition professionals providing guidance to young vegetarians might consider the potential benefits associated with a healthful vegetarian diet, [but also] recognize the possibility of increased risk of disordered eating behaviors.”

During the study, called Project EAT-II: Eating Among Teens, the researchers analyzed data collected on 2,516 participants including teens and young adults. Participants were grouped according to whether they were current, former, or non-vegetarians and each group was split into two subgroups: ages 15 to 18 and ages 19 to 23. The majority of the vegetarians in the study were female. The participants were questioned about whether or not they had experienced symptoms of eating disorders: bingeeating, loss of control of eating habits, or extreme weight-control behaviors. Approximately 21 percent of former vegetarian teens admitted to having used unhealthy weight-control behaviors, compared to only 10 percent of non-vegetarian teens. Among the young adults, extreme weight control measures had been used by 27 percent of former vegetarians, 16 percent of current vegetarians, and 15 percent of those never having been vegetarians. The study also showed that binge eating and loss of control over eating habits were reported by 21 percent of the teen vegetarians as well as 16 percent of former vegetarians, compared to only 4 percent non-vegetarians. For the young adults, 18 percent of vegetarians reported binge eating and loss of control compared to 9 percent of former vegetarians and only 5 percent of non-vegetarians. Robinson-O’Brien said that although teens may view vegetarianism as a healthy option, they could also be motivated by potential weight loss.

RAWALPINDI: People viewing replica of Holy Ka’aba in connection with Eid Milad celebrations.

Islamabad Police controlled crimes ISLAMABAD—Minister of State for Interior Imtiaz Safdar Warraich has said that better strategy of Islamabad Police has considerably controlled street crimes. Responding to a question, Minister of State for Interior Imtiaz Safdar Warraich told the House that the number of streets crimes in Islamabad has decreased over the past five years due to better strategy adopted by ICT police. He said some of the steps taken by the government to check crimes include patrolling, halting points, setting up of nakas, re-introduction of beat system, establishment of community policing center, survey of the Katchi abadies, display of arms and surveillance of previous convicts.— Online

ISLAMABAD: State Minister for Foreign Affairs Nawabzada Amad Ahmad Khan, Ambassador of Argentine Rodolfo Martin Saravia with Chief of Protocol Foreign Office Ghalib Iqbal during a reception hosted by the Argentine envoy.—PO photo

I SLAMABAD —Bidding farewell to Ghalib Iqbal, Pakistan’s ambassador-designate to France, the ambassadors and High Commissioners based in Islamabad said “we will miss you.” Rodolfo J Martin Saravia, Dean of Diplomatic Corps held a farewell reception at his residence on Wednesday evening where a large number of High Commissioners and ambassadors gathered to attend the ceremony. Malik Amad Khan, Minis-

ter of State for Foreign Affairs in his brief remarks said Ghalib Iqbal is one of the finest officers of the Ministry who earned high position through his hard work. Finding for his replacement was a problem in the Ministry. Malik hoped that he will contribute to build up close relations between Pakistan and France. Rodolfo J Martin, Who is also ambassador of Argentina to Pakistan in his brief remarks said Ghalib Iqbal was very cooperative and in his capacity as Chief of Protocol, he extended full cooperation to the

diplomatic community to overcome their problems. He took keen and personal interest in addressing the issues of diplomats. Ghalib Iqbal while thanking the community for their gestures said “I will also miss you as I have developed personal rapport with you.” I will leave for Paris on Feb. 15 to take up his new assignment which is very challenging. Later, Rodolfo J Martin presented souvenirs to him on behalf of the diplomatic community.

Special traffic plan for Eid Milad R AWALPINDI —City Traffic Police Rawalpindi have issued special traffic plan for Eid Milad-un-Nabi (Peace Be Upon Him) as strict ban would be on parking of any vehicle or handcart at the route of the Milad processions. A control room to monitor traffic position in the city has been set up at Race Course Traffic Headquarters while special squad has also been deputed at free helpline 1915. City Traffic Officer (CTO), Superintendent Police (SP) Syed Ishtiaq Hussain Shah said that there would be nearly 17 diversion points in the city to ensure the traffic flow. The CTO urged the citizens to use alternative routes including Airport Road, Rialto Chowk,

Tippu Road, Rawal Road and Murree Road ahead of Chandi Chowk to reach Islamabad. Ambulances, Fire Brigade and other emergency service vehicles would be checked properly besides special directives have also been issued to keep a vigilant eye on suspicious or tinted glass vehicles. As many as 474 traffic officials including Deputy Superintendents of Police, Inspectors, 400 Traffic Wardens and 50 Junior Wardens has been deployed to control traffic in the city. The CTO directed the officials to ensure parking at a distance from the route of the procession. He also directed the wardens to remove all kind of encroachments from the routes of processions besides keeping

a vigil on suspected persons and things. Strict disciplinary action will be taken against the delinquent officials, he added. The CTO informed that the main procession will be taken out from DAV College Chowk, Fowara Chowk, Raja Bazaar, Bansaa Wala Chowk and Banni Chowk would be barricaded and no vehicular traffic would be allowed to go ahead from these Chowks. All the traffic would be diverted on other routes. While, Murree road diversions would be at Rialto Chowk, Liaquat Bagh, Committee Chowk underpass, Naz Cinema Chowk, Rawal Road Turn, Double Road, Gungmandi near City police station and at other main Chowks of the city.—APP

I SLAMABAD—Eid Milad-unNabi (Peace Be Upon Him) would be observed on Friday with religious reverence and fervor renewing the pledge to follow true teachings of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). The day will begin with special prayers for development, safety, peace, unity and brotherhood amongst the followers of Holy Prophet (PBUH). It would be a public holiday. Special security arrangements would be made to maintain law and order across the country on the occasion of 12th Rabi-ulAwal. Newspapers and magazines would publish special supplements, while television channels and radio stations would arrange special ‘Naatia

Mushairas’ and quiz programmes on Seerat-eMustafa (PBUH). All major government and private buildings, residential plazas, markets, mosques, roundabouts and even houses have been tastefully decorated. Mahafil-e-Milad and public meetings would be held while faithful would actively participate in the programmes organised by different local, religious and social organizations. Na’at and the Holy Quran reciting competitions would be held throughout the day in almost every nook and corner of the country to revive the real spirit of Islam and offer respect to the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). There would be special se-

curity arrangements in the Federal Capital, Rawalpindi to avoid any untoward incident. Participants of Mahafil would be properly verified and checked by security personnel. Milad processions would be taken out from different areas of the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, reciting Na’ats and Darood o Salam for the Holy Prophet (PBUH). Major event of the day would be the annual National Seerat Conference in which prominent Ulema and scholars from across the country would participate. Selected Ulema and scholars would highlight various aspects of the life of the Holy Prophet (PBUH), stressing the

need to follow golden principles of Islam to achieve success in the world and hereafter. Besides, such conferences would be held at provincial headquarters, divisional and district levels to pay respect and homage to Allah Almighty’s Last Messenger. Congregations would be organized where the preachers and scholars would highlight the teachings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) besides delivering lectures on His way of life. For faithful, Eid Milad-unNabbi is a highly regarded religious festival when the faithful express gratitude and thanks to Allah Almighty for blessing the universe with His last messenger and Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH).—APP

Rescue 1122 on emergency alert during Eid Milad

Diplomatic community bids farewell to Ghalib Iqbal LIAQAT TOOR

Eid Milad to be observed with reverence

CITY REPORTER R AWALPINDI —The Punjab Emergency Service, Rescue 1122, Director General, Dr. Rizwan Naseer reviewed the emergency arrangements for providing emergency cover to the processions of Eid Miladun-Nabi in all districts of Punjab. The Emergency Service will be on high alert with trained paramedical rescue staff and fully equipped ve-

hicles to provide swift response in case of any untoward incident. Emergency vehicles shall be deputed at sensitive areas along with trained emergency staff to provide immediate pre-hospital emergency cover if needed. The leaves of the rescuers have been concealed and they have been assigned special emergency duties for effectively cover gathering of Eid Milad-un-Nabi and to provide the emergency medical,

rescue and firefighting Services to the citizen during the event. In Rawalpindi more than 350 rescuers will remain on special duties in District Control Room and Emergency Rescue Stations with 08 fully equipped ambulances, 12 fully equipped fire trucks, 3 rescue and recovery vehicles and 2 water bowzers. The 14 special mobile posts will also be established for effectively providing medi-

cal cover to the public processions. Rescue posts will be established at Committee Chowk, Banni Chowk, Raja Bazar and 22 No. Choungi. The Director General, Rescue 1122 said the rescuers will be performing their duties till the processions end and public is requested to immediately call at 1122 in case of any emergency or disaster, only timely call can ensure timely response of Emergency Service.

EU envoys share Europe’s success story with students CITY REPORTER ISLAMABAD—On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the French-German Friendship Treaty, the German Ambassador, Dr Cyrill Nunn, and his French counterpart, Ambassador Philippe Thiébaud, along with Prof. Dr. Muhammad Masoom Yasinzai Vice Chancellor of Qaid-i-Azam University shared their thoughts with students on the reconciliation process of those two European nations. The Seminar was also attended by Pierre Mayaudon, Deputy Head of the European Delegation. Prof. Dr. Yasinzaï reminded the audience that the Elysee treaty, signed in 1963, remains the cornerstone of French-German cooperation, which is the main engine of the European Union (the two countries represent 33% of the EU population, 36 % of the European Budget, 37 % of the EU GDP, 31 % of the voting rights…). Germany’s Ambassador Cyrill Nunn highlighted the

importance of leadership. General de Gaulle and Chancellor Adenauer had a clear vision for a united Europe and were able to convince the general public of the benefits of good and close relations between France and

Germany. Since then, the two countries have learned to compromise in order to achieve progress, in particular with regard to the strengthening of a united Europe. French Ambassador to Paki-

stan Philippe Thiebaud focused on the historical context and significance of this treaty which was signed in the wake of the Cold War tensions. In his view the treaty, which defined the organizing principles of the re-

ISLAMABAD: German Ambassador Dr Cyrill Nunn speaks on the 50 years France-Germany Friendship Elisyee Treaty at School of Political and International Relations. French Ambassador Philippe Thiebaud, Vice Chancellor Quaid-i-Azam University Dr Masoom Yasinzai and Director SPIR Dr Zafar Nawaz Jaspal are also seen in the picture.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir

lationship between two century old enemies, was the result of political will and courage on both sides. The treaty, he underlined, was revolutionary not only because it institutionalized regular meetings between State representatives but also because it recognized the importance of youth, and civil society in general, in building sustainable bridges between two populations. Since 1963, the common projects developed across the border, from a bi-national brigade in the defence sector to joint business success stories such as Airbus, have demonstrated working together was in the interest of all European states.Attending students had the opportunity to ask the many questions they had about the history of the relationship and its relevance to the South Asian context. Dr Jaspal, Director and Associate Professor School of Politics and International Relations, took this opportunity to advertise the opening of new study programs in his faculty.


Holy Prophet (PBUH), blessing for whole universe Juma

06:20 01:30 04:15 07:30

January 25 PRIME Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf will be chief guest at National Seerat Conference at Pak-China Friendship Centre at 10:30 am. February 01 THE Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabad is organizing a Public Talk on ‘Peacekeeping, Peace building and State4building in Afghanistan: Lessons from Liberia by Ms. Ellen Margrethe Loej, Chair of the International Board and Members of PLAN International and Former Special Representative of the UN, Secretary General for Liberia, at 1130 hrs at its premises. February 05 PRIME Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf to chair Kashmir Convention to mark the Kashmir Solidarity Day at the Auditorium Hall, Prime Minister Secretariat, Islamabad at 3:00 pm. Speakers include President AJK Sardar Muhammad Yaqub Khan, Prime Minister AJK Chaudhry Abdul Majeed and others.

RBISE matric exams from March 5 RAWALPINDI—Matriculation exams under the Rawalpindi Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education would start from 5th of March. According to the schedule prepared by the board, annual examination of Matric part two would start from 5th of March 2013 and the part one would start from 19th of March To this effect, 270 Examinations centers have been made in Rawalpindi. The use of Mobile Phones, Books, and scientific calculator during examinations have been strictly banned. According to date sheet of Part two, the first paper would be English on 5th of March, Chemistry on 7th, Biology on 9th, Math 11th, Physics on 13th, Urdu on 14th, Pak studies on 16th of March. The Education department also issued datasheet for class 9th and its first paper would also be English while Islamic studies on 21st of March and Biology on 22nd March.—Online

No new appointments being made from back dates

CITY REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Speaker, National Assembly, Dr. Fehmida Mirza has said that the Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) is emblem of tranquility, justice, modesty, peace, love and brotherhood. She said that Ummah should seek salvage from the difficulties by following and practicing the teachings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). She expressed these views in her message on the eve of “Eid Milad un Nabi” being commemorated throughout the Muslim World on Friday.

The Speaker said that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was a torch bearer and blessing for the entire universe. She said that it was the strength of the Holy Prophet’s (PBUH) character and preaching through self example and charms of personality that moulded the hearts and minds of the people and compelled the enemies to embrace Islam. “The Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) articulated a comprehensive code of conduct for interpersonal relations and formulating a healthy society through his personal conduct,” Fehmida

said. She said that the Prophet (PBUH) revolutionized the world in shortest time and changed every aspects of people’s life through his personal example and deeds. She stressed upon the Ummah to follow the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) which provided the guidance in every sphere of life. She said that Muslim Ummah was confronting the challenges of sectarianism and extremism and added that the best solution to all those problems lied in following the teachings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH).

MPs criticise Electoral Reforms Bill ISLAMABAD—Members of Na- (Q), Senator Mushahid Hussain Minister of Overseas Pakistanis

and Muttahida Qaumi Movement’s leader, Farooq Sattar observed that the common man should also participate in the elections as only a poor man can feel the pain of the deprived. ISLAMABAD: Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting Qamar Zaman Kaira addressing during Seerat-unOn the occasion, PPP leader Nabi Conference at Allama Iqbal Open University. and renowned legal expert, Senator Aitzaz Ahsan noted that the scrutiny done by the Election Commission has no usefulness, as election itself is scrutiny done by the people. About Eid-e-Milad-unR AWA L P I N D I —DCO Nabi, Senator Ahsan said that it Rawalpindi, Saqib Zafar has gives the message of love and sought suggestions from the peace to the Muslims.—Online masses to better the condition of I SLAMABAD —The Interior ing polio vaccination, Secretary graveyards situated in their reCITY REPORTER Ministry has termed the media Ministry of Inter Provincial Co- spective areas. reports about Interior Minister’s ISLAMABAD—Acting Federal ordination and heads of the conIn this context, Saqib Zafar non-cooperation with National Ombudsman Salman Faruqui, cerned Federal agencies besides has appealed to the citizens to Accountability Bureau as base- Thursday, started investigation experts. cooperate with the District Govless. ernment in order to rid the graveThe participants offered In a statement released by into possibility of maladminis- their assessment of the situation, yards of encroachments and land tration resulting in deaths of 413 the Federal Interior Ministry on pointed out weaknesses in the mafia. The administration of all children. Thursday, it has been said that Salman Faruqui chaired a system of procurement of vac- the Tehsils have been ordered to all such news is propaganda high level meeting in pursuance cines and gaps in implementa- conduct a survey of the graveagainst the Interior Minister, is to his cognizance of measles tion, especially in the post devo- yards such that the project of their totally false and the Minister restoration will be completed in lution scenario. holds the right of taking legal outbreak. The participants of the meet- supervision of DO Planning. The meeting, which lasted action against those spreading It merits mentioning here around three hours, was attended ing also briefed the Advisors disinformation about him. by World Health Organization Committee constituted by that CM Punjab Mian Shahbaz According to the statement, (WHO) Representative, Dr. Salman Faruqui comprising ex- Sharif has announced a fund of the Minister, ordering inquiry Guido Sabatinelli, Country Rep- chief Justice Muhammad Raza Rs 1 billion for the plan and against Tauqeer Sadiq’ runand former Federal Health Sec- Rs 46.5 million are being proaway, asked DG FIA to submit resentative, United Nations retaries Syed Anwar Mahmood vided to the District Children’s Fund (UNICEF), relevant report. Dan Rohrmann, Begum and Ejaz Raheem about their Rawalpindi for amending As per record of the Minis- Shahnaz Wazir Ali, MNA/ considered views regarding re- boundary walls, funeral yards, try, the Interior Minister had is- SAPM on Social Sector, Dr. sponsibility, if any, for the 413 drainage system and lights in sued order, on January 19, 2012 Azra Pehecho, who is monitor- deaths caused by measles. the graveyards.—Online to include Tauqeer Sadiq’s name in Exit Control List. In addition, there was no pressure on him from Jahangir Badar or any other important personality. As regards FIA’s inquiry reRAWALPINDI: Security officials checking the procession’s route for Eid Milad to avoid any port, Tauqeer Sadiq left Pakistan untoward incident. in accordance with formal pro- RAWALPINDI—Three to four ing taken to resolve the matter. chines are present in Holy Famcedure. FIA arrested Tauqeer premature babies, infants with The management of the Al- ily Hospital. No attention is paid Sadiq with the help of Dubai abnormally less weight or the lied Hospitals holds the stance for cleaning the available incuofficials. newborns victimised by a cer- that the situation aroused due to bators, which worsens the cirFurthermore, the Interior tain disease are being kept in a a shortage of such incubator cumstances. It merits mentionMinister has also directed FIA single incubator machine in the machines amid increase in the ing here that all the doctors are to seek reply from Interpol ask- Allied Hospitals of Rawalpindi. number of patients. informed during their houseRAWALPINDI—Sale of ailing ing it why Tauqeer Sadiq was It has been reported that 12 jobs that no more than one inDespite the situation poses cattle meat is continuing unreleased even when a request life-threat to the infants, the ad- incubators are available in the fant be placed in one incubator, checked in the area of Pir Wadhai. Most of the butchers are ISLAMABAD—Herds of stray when a group of five to six was made to the Dubai officials ministration is totally negligent nursery of Benazir Bhutto Gen- but the practice is contrary to the of the affairs and no step is be- eral Hospital while 10 such ma- principle.—Online selling meat of ailing, weak and dogs roaming freely during dogs attacked him, and added for nabbing him.—Online near to death animals in and night in streets of twin cities “Fortunately my uncle who around the areas of Pir Wadhai. of Islamabad and Rawalpindi was also going to mosque res“The meat is infected as its have made the lives of the citi- cued me”. “Dogs have made all the color is black and stench contin- zens miserable as incidents of ues to emit from it but it is sold to sharp increase of dog bites street impassable during night and morning hours,” he added. us by the butchers at costly rate. have been reported. “We feel frightened while RAWALPINDI—The City DisAn alarming in the number Two days back , my son started walking in the streets of trict Government Rawalpindi of stray dogs in twin cities is vomiting soon after eating the baked meat. He was taken to hos- creating problems for the Islamabad due to sharp in- (CDGR) has established four pital due to his critical condition people. Affected people said crease in number of stray relief camps for Eid Milad-uland where he was diagnosed to that herds of stray dogs could dogs,” said Umer Sharif a resi- Nabi at different location of the city.District Coordination Ofhave eaten toxic meat, said Sabira be seen in morning and nights dent of G-9. Muhammad Arif, a resi- ficer, Saqib Zaffar said that a Bibi, a house wife. This unhy- hours in various parts of twin gienic meat is sold to the vendors cities including sector G-6, G- dent of Ganjmandi, said that main control room has been esof hand driven carts at cheap rate 7, G-9, I-9, I-10 and Faizabad, stray dogs often become vio- tablished at Additional Collecwho sell it in the form of tikka and Raja Bazaar, Asghar Mall lent and attack pedestrians par- tor Office which would coordinate with four relief camps at kabab to the commuters coming Road, Dosehra Ground, Banni, ticularly at night. Ilyas Ahmed Khan, a resi- Committee Chowk, Fawara from and going to other cities at Bagh Sardaran, Dhoke Ratta, bus terminal. They are in hurry Dhoke Mangtal Khyaban-e- dent of Khyaban-e-Sir Syed, Chowk, Shah Nazar Pull and said that dogs are usually seen Jamia Masjid Road. and they cannot check the quality Sir-Syed and Ganjmandi. The camps will be manned Residents talking to INP around garbage heaps during of the meat, therefore, they are forced to purchase these takatak said that dog bite incidents are the day, while at night they by the officials of utility serfleshy food as they cannot afford on rise in the area of G-6 and freely roam on roads and in vices, town administration, health department and special the high priced food in the hotels. G-7 and surrounding residen- streets. The residents of the twin branch.—INP “If the unscrupulous butchers tial sectors due to lack of any ISLAMABAD: Prof Dr Masoom Yasinzai, Rector, International Islamic University presentare not brought under check by action against the stray dogs by cities have demanded concerted authorities to launch iming souvenir to Justice Kamal BA Dhan, Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Libya during the district administration a fatal the civic authorities. Kamran Khan, resident of mediate operation against the their visit to IIUI. epidemic may engulf the area of stray dogs before they turn Pir Wadhai and its vicinities, said sector G-6/1-3 said that he was a group of residents while record- going to the mosque to offer mad and play havoc with their Morning Prayers Thursday lives.—INP ing their protest.—Online tional Assembly and certain Senators have strongly criticised the approval of the document of Electoral Reforms Bill by Election Commission of Pakistan. They are of the view that the decision will hand over the country to looters. Talking to reporters outside the Parliament House on Thursday, Senator Haji Adeel of Awami National Party disapproved the decision made by the Election Commission, as it would be tantamount to doing injustice to the middle class. Leader of Muslim League

Syed said that the decision made by the Election Commission would monopolise politics for the benefit of the elite class. “We have to strengthen democracy in the real sense to materialise what the constitution says with reference to the elections,” he added. In addition, Pakistan People’s Party’s leader Jamshed Dasti refuted the Electoral Reforms Bill stating that the decision will not let the poor people go forward, and consequently, only plunderers will advance. Expressing concerns over the approval of the Bill, Federal

News about Interior Minister’s non-cooperation baseless: Ministry

Measles outbreak

Investigation launched into maladministration

Improving state of graveyards

Rawalpindi Allied Hospitals

Newborns being kept in single incubator

Sale of ailing cattles’ meat

Stray dogs rule streets during night

ISLAMABAD—Minister for Law Farooq H Naik dispelling impression that new appointments were being made on back dates has emphatically stated that any new appointments in the public sector will be made in accordance with the laid down procedure and law Talking to the media persons in Islamabad today along with Federal Minister Khurshid Shah after holding a meeting with Chief Election Commissioner Fakhruddin G Ibrahim said any illegal appointments will be rejected altogether. He also dispelled the impression that new appointments are being made in different ministries from back dates. He said we have held detailed meeting with the chief election commissioner about the notification that banned the appointment process. The chief election commissioner was informed that this process was started seven months ago after severe shortage of employees in different ministries. He reminded that we had imposed ban on the appointments in 2011 but had to allow some ministries to recruit new manpower in view of the short- ISLAMABAD: Policemen negotiating with the relatives of a man trying to take his body to age of staff.—Online protest outside Supreme Court after his murder in Saddar area.

CDGR sets up relief camps

Naval Chief briefs President about navy’s capabilities

ISLAMABAD—Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Muhammad Asif Sandila Thursday called on President Asif Ali Zardari at Aiwan-e-Sadr. Professional matters pertaining to Pakistan Navy were discussed during the meeting. The Naval Chief briefed the President about the projects being under taken by Pakistan Navy for strengthening its defence capability. He said Pakistan navy was fully capable to defend the sea frontiers of the motherland.—INP

Friday weekly bazaars to be closed ISLAMABAD—The Capital Development Authority (CDA) has announced that the weekly Friday Bazaars H-9 and Bara Kahu will remain close on 25th January 2013 on account of EidMilad-ul-Nabi.—Online

Ban on English Access Microscholarship programme pillion riding

RAWALPINDI—In order to enISLAMABAD—Learning a lan- program but only few of you man- sure tight security measures, guage that has an impact is indeed a great investment in one’s academic life and English language definitely has an impact, said Joelle Uzarski Director, Regional English Language Office, Public Affairs Section at US Embassy. She expressed these views while addressing the opening ceremony of the English Access Micrscholoarship Program which was attended by around a hundred students, their teachers and parents at National University of Modern Languages (NUML) on Thursday She said this program would continue for the next two years and besides studies in schools, it would bring a lot of work, activities, projects and assignments for the students. Moreover, she told the participants there are a great number of students who wanted to be the part of this scholarship

aged to qualify this difficult selection criterion. “Besides all this, the successful arrangement of this program at NUML shows the commitment and dedication of NUML’s administration towards better education, “she added. A student namely Arshia Fatima, while talking to scribe said that She wants to be a fashion designer and I know that English is the language of art, literature, music, technology and science. The more you are at ease with English language, the more are opportunities to grow in your professional life. Learning English language will help me to achieve my dreams”. The opening ceremony was attended by Mr Abdul Majeed, English Programs Manager at US Embassy, Directors, deans, Heads, and other staff of the university.—Online

District Coordination Officer Saqib Zafar has banned pillion riding and carrying arms during Eid Milad-ul-Nabi celebrations in Rawalpindi. However, elderly men, women, children and patients are exempted from ban on pillion riding.The City District Government has asked local police to make elaborate security arrangements for the Milad processions to avoid any untoward incident.DCO Saqib Zafar directed the traffic and city police not to allow traffic on the Eid Miladun Nabi route. He said three government run hospitals were put on red alert on the occasion of Eid Miladun Nabi and deputed doctors and paramedical staff to deal with any emergency. In addition, hospital administrations have also been directed to arrange extra bed in emergency department.—INP


Kashmiri leader snubs India for raising hoax of N-attack in IHK Terms Indian police warning as a farce an abortive attempt to malign Pakistan RAO ATIQ UL AMIN KHAN Liberation League, observed mitted, determined and dedi-

MUZAFFARABAD: AJK Prime Minister Ch Abdul Majeed administering oath of office to Akmal Sargala as advisor.

PM lays foundations of Rs 1655m city projects

Mirpur police drive against professional beggars, criminals

STAFF REPORTER

District to be made crimes-free, asserts SSP

M U Z A F FA R A B A D —Prime Minister AJ&K Chaudhry Abdul Majeed has laid foundation stone of several development projects under Muzaffarabad City Development Program (MCDP) here in capital city. The mega projects include Tariqabad bypass road phase 2 water treatment plant Muzaffarabad city and construction of main city road from Domail to Chehla, says an AJK PID press brief. An amount of Rs. 250 million have been allocated for Tariqabad bypass road phase 2, Rs 1155 million for water treatment plant whereas Rs 250 million would be spent to construct main city road. All these projects are to be completed by June 2014. With the completion of these projects under MCDP would provide basic necessities to the people of Muzaffarabad. Minister for works Chaudry Muhammad Rashid, Minister Forest Sardar Javeed Ayub, Minister for rehabilitation Majid Khan, Minister Aklas Faisal Mumtaz Rathor, Chairman Development Authority Muzaffarabad Asad Habib Awan, Administrator Municipal Corporation Sardar Mubarak Haidar, administrator district council Mir Mushtaq, Malik Ayaz, Shaukat Javed Mir and others were also present on the occasion.

Army vehicle crushes couple, trader arrested SRINAGAR—A speedy Indian army bus hit and killed a couple in Jammu district. A couple died on the spot when their motorbike was hit by an Indian Army bus near Dumi in Kanachak area of the district The deceased were identified as Nirmal Singh and his wife Neera Devi, a police spokesman said. Meanwhile, Indian police arrested a Kashmiri trader Farooq Ahmad Naikoo in Mumbai. The family while expressing serious concern over the fate of detained youth told media men that Farooq Ahmad was falsely arrested adding that he was doing business since several years in the Indian city.The Father of Farooq Ahmad Niakoo was killed in custody by Indian intelligence agencies in 1984.—KMS

OUR CORRESPONDENT MIRPUR—An extensive drive will be launched across Mirpur district to make the entire district including this fast-expanding city of expatriates - clean of all sorts of social evils including the professional beggars and other anti-social elements. This was resolved by the newly-inducted Mirpur Senior Superintendent of Police Ch. Muhammad Amin in his first formal chat to newsmen here today after assuming the charge of his office. The SSP continued that it had always been the sincere Endeavour of the police to overcome the crimes in Mirpur district. He said that the route causes of the crimes including anti-social elements would be wiped out in all circumstances. He said that due healthy suggestions and cooperation by the community and the media to discourage crimes and vanish anti-social elements would al-

ways be enterained. The district police chief fully agreed to the idea of gearing up the drive for registration of the non-local residents in Mirpur city and other parts of the district on the part of the District administration. He observed that if no any non-state subject person including the Afghan refugees residing in the local housing sectors voluntarily moved to the nearest police station for registration, yet it was enjoined upon the owners of the residential houses and other commercial buildings to get the tenants of their buildings registered with the concerned police station. He said that stringent measures would be taken to materialize the alreadyinked plan for registration of non-local residents (mostly unregistered Afghan nationals). He said that the drive of registration should be accelerated in order to fully maintain law and order and security in the area. The SSP said that police

have been put on alert to eliminate anti-social elements including criminals from their roots and to fully maintain peace and order in the district. Ch. Amin said that since police was the custodian to safeguard the lives and properties of the masses, no any negligence on the part of any COP during the course of their professional duties, will be tolerated at any cost. The SSP said that round-the-clock checking by police of the new entrants has also been intensified through the checking at all the routes leading to and from Mirpur district during the drive so that the criminals and suspicious person could not enter in the district. To a question, Ch. Amin said that the recently-established police check posts / beats in various residential localities of the city as well as other parts of the district would be made vibrant and effective to ensure their working and performance quite up to the satisfaction and expectations of the local population.

Security grid tightened across Kashmir for smooth R-Day functions SRINAGAR—Ahead of January 26, the security grid across Kashmir has been tightened to “thwart any untoward incident during the R-day celebrations.” Police, paramilitary forces have intensified patrolling in areas close to venues for January 26 celebrations. The frisking of vehicles and people has been intensified, with cops seen checking the identity cards of people. In Srinagar tight security arrangements have been made in and around Bakshi Stadium here, the main venue for R-day function. Police officers have been assigned the job of monitoring the movement in and outside the stadium round the clock. “We have made elaborate security arrangements for RDay function,” Deputy Inspector General of Police, central Kashmir, Syed Afad-ulMujtaba told Greater Kashmir. “We do not have any input regarding the presence of militants in Srinagar,” he added. Different layers of security marked by heavy contingents of police and Central Reserve Po-

lice Force (CRPF) have been deployed in and around the stadium. Joint contingents of police and CRPF were seen carrying searches in the adjoining localities of the stadium. Sources in police said sharp shooters would be deployed at high rise buildings around the stadium to meet any eventuality. Heavy presence of police and paramilitary forces were also witnessed in Lal Chowk, Budshah Chowk, Jehangir Chowk, Hari Singh High Street, Maisuma, Dalgate and other area of Srinagar to thwart any untoward incident. Reports also said that Police stopped light motor vehicles and bikers at many places in Srinagar and checked their identity cards and documents of vehicles. A top police official associated with security for RDay function said three-tier security arrangements have been put in place for the main function at Bakshi Stadium. He said that Sniffer dogs, Close Circuit Television Cameras (CCTVs), high-tech access control equipment and human surveillance is

being employed for security of the area. “We are monitoring movement of everybody closely,” he said and added that cops on ground have been asked not to harass the civilians. “Inconvenience to civilians would not be allowed,” he said and added that particularly forces have also been directed not check the vehicles carrying patients around Bakshi Stadium area and other places. Police and paramilitary forces have erected check points at various places in Srinagar. Armored vehicles of police and paramilitary forces were seen at many road junctions. Vehicles coming from other districts were being checked at Parimpora, Bemina, Soura and Pantha Chowk. Reports of beefing up of security were also received from north Kashmir areas of Sopore, Kupwara, Baramulla, Bandipora and Handwara. South Kashmir’s Pulwama, Shopian, Islamabad (Anantnag) and Kulgam districts also witnessed tight security arrangements.—NNI

MIRPUR—Commenting over the recent mass warning campaign by Indian police in Indian-held Jammu & Kashmir raising the hoax of the possible nuclear war in the region coupled with advise for adoption of the preventive measures to be saved from the threat, Justice (Retd) Abdul Majeed Mallick, former Chief Justice of AJK High Court said that it was one of the deliberate, calculated and nefarious attempt by India to create stir of fear of nuclear attack on the IHK population with ulterior motives to create hatred and enmity of the people of the state against Pakistan. Talking to newsmen here late Wednesday, Justice (Retd) Mallick, also Central President of the Jammu & Kashmir

Massive fire damages school in Baramulla town SRINAGAR—A Higher Secondary School was damaged after a fire broke out in Baramulla town early today. Fire broke out in the Government Boys Higher Secondary School at Diwan Bagh in the town, partially damaging the building, said a police spokesman. He said the rooftop and the second floor of the building was damaged in the fire which has been brought under control now. The cause of the fire is being ascertained, he said.—KMS

Non-Kashmiris managed enrolment in IHK electoral rolls SRINAGAR—In contravention to the Jammu and Kashmir State Subject laws, non-locals from neighbouring Indian state of Punjab have managed enrolment in the municipal electoral rolls of occupied Kashmir, tearing apart the special status of the territory. A Srinagar-based English daily, Greater Kashmir, says that it is in possession of clinching evidence, which reveals that two families—Singlas and Bansals—from Punjab have managed to incorporate their families’ names in the municipal electoral rolls during 2012. The families are also figuring in the electoral rolls of Punjab, the paper adds. The head of Singla family, Krishan Gopal Singla son of Prem Kumar of Gobindnagar, Punjab, has electoral registration number AZH0175158 in Punjab. He is also registered in occupied Kashmir under electoral rolls2013: State-S09- Jammu and Kashmir Assembly constituency 71, Gandhinagar, under the electoral No. LNK1582535, the newspaper says. Krishan Gopal’s father and mother are also residents of Punjab, registered in the electoral rolls there. Gopal’s wife Alka also figures in the electoral rolls of Punjab and J&K under AZH0175166 and LNK1582543 respectively. Likewise, Gopal’s sons Varun Singla and Tarun Singla have also dual electoral registration in J&K and Punjab. Varun is registered under AZH0175174 (Punjab) and LNK1582550 J&K.—KMS

that the raising of hoax of the possible nuclear attack on IHK on the part of the Indian police was in continuation of the statements of the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of India, made couple of days earlier. “ India was always after choosing special moments to suspend bilateral dialogue with Pakistan ”, Majeed Mallick observed and added that it had always been the part of the policy of India to sustain its illegal and forcible occupation of Jammu & Kashmir and to discourage the ongoing freedom movement launched by the people of the state. The Kashmiri leader further said that India invariably, forgets that the people of Jammu & Kashmir were com-

cated to the freedom of the state such like artificial and designed tactics can not discourage and defeat the freedom movement and the achievement of self determination by the people of the state. Justice (Retd) Mallick proposed that the Kashmir freedom movement may further be raised including raising of the Kashmir issue in the Security Court of United Nations by Pakistan . “Besides, the AJK government, which was established and assigned the objective of the State as a whole, may also be encouraged and advised to raise the importance of early settlement of the Kashmir issue directly at each relevant fora both at home and abroad”, he suggested.

Snubbing India for recently raising the demand of withdrawal of the United Nations Military Observers Groups (UNMOGIP) from both sides of the Line of Control in Jammu & Kashmir State , he said that this demand reflected negative approach of India for positive settlement of Kashmir issue on the basis of the right of self determination. He observed that the demand was derogatory to Shimla accord on the United Nations resolutions on Kashmir. “However, the UN Security Council should rightly turn down the aforesaid demand of India and maintain that the presence of UNMOGIP in Jammu & Kashmir State was necessary to observe development of peace till the Kashmir issues was finally settled.

Geelani reiterates Kupwara shutdown call

Criticizes forces for frisking, ‘harassing’ people ahead of Jan 26 SRINAGAR—Chairman Huriyat Conference Syed Ali Geelani while reiterating his appeal for shutdown in Handwara and Kupwara on 25th and 27th January has said that the people in district Kupwara have contributed a leading role during ongoing movement and presented unparalleled sacrifices. Refuting the conceptions of pro Indian politicians about the people of Kupwara, Syed Ali Geelani said “They are worst sufferers at the hands of Indian forces and its agencies have unleashed a reign of terror in said district and its adjoining areas”. In a press statement Geelani refuted the conception that people of Kupwara are disinterested and have disassociated themselves from freedom movement and said that their commitment and dedication stands a testimony in the history of Kashmir and they still stand at forefront .In his appeal to the people.Syed Ali Geelani said that it is the obligatory duty for the people associated with movement to safeguard these sacrifices and deny the claims of “pro India politicians”.

Recalling the gruesome incident, Syed Ali Geelani said that on 25thjan, 1990 and 27th Jan1994 Indian forces created mayhem and in brutal manner killed hundreds of innocent civilians in district Kupwara. Terming the incident a black day in the history of Kashmir, Syed Ali Geelani said “the people who laid their precious lives for glorification of Islam and freedom movement are not alone; instead their mission is being carried by their successors and close relatives”. Syed Ali Geelani urged people to exhibit their affiliation and reaffirm their faith with the movement and observe complete shutdown on 27th January and added that it will prove that spirits of people are still live and bargains for these sacrifices won’t be allowded.While stressing the people to pray for these martyrs. Stressing the people to reaffirm their faith with the movement and pledge to carry the ongoing freedom struggle to its logical end till the last Indian solider leaves the state. Syed Ali Geelani in his

appeal to business community, transporters, civil society and bar association and sought their support for the success of the said shutdown call.Syed Ali Geelani reiterated his appeal for shutdown on 26th January and said, “unless India restores the basic freedom right to the people of Jammu and Kashmir and allow to express their wish and decide their future and destiny as per their aspirations, India has no right to celebrate the republican day in disputed territory”. Criticizing frisking and alleged harassment by forces on eve of their republican day, Syed Ali Geelani said the common man is being subjected to disrespect and made hostage for no fault of their. Syed Ali Geelani expressed his concern and said that in far flung areas in valley, the frisking has become a common procedure for forces and the precious time of people is wasted. In an appeal for complete boycott of republic day calibrations, Syed Ali Geelani stressed the people to remain indoors and do not permit their children to participate in celebrations.—NNI

ISLAMABAD: AJK Senior Minister Ch Yaseen called on Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf at the PM House on Thursday.

Kashmiris await justice

The mass graves of Kashmir: Amnesty demands release of youth GARDINER HARRIS BONIYAR—After decades of war, Kashmir is blooming again. Hotels are bursting, roads are being fixed and offices rebuilt. But with the guns silenced, India must soon decide whether justice will be as welcome as the tourists. Mass murderers walk the streets openly, having killed thousands of people who are buried in unmarked graves in scores of secret cemeteries. This beautiful village has one such graveyard. Nine years after Indian police officers and troops deposited hundreds of bullet-ridden corpses, dirt mounds still rise above the shallow and unmarked plots as if the circumstances of the deaths left the earth above the

bodies unsettled. Atta Mohamad Raja Khan, the 70-year-old farmer who dug the graves, said one plot contained the remains of a 2year-old boy. Others held teenagers and dowagers. Mr. Khan’s graveyard quickly filled, so he buried only a fraction of the tens of thousands killed over more than 20 years of dirty warfare. Many of the buried were militants, including foreign mercenaries whose deaths and quick burials are often accepted as the wages of war. But myriad innocent bystanders were murdered in clumsy government plots. None of the suspected killers from the military has been arrested. Tensions still lie just below the surface. On June 25, a fire

in a revered Sufi Muslim shrine in Srinagar, Kashmir’s capital, set off clashes between the police and rock-throwing Muslim protesters. Six people were hurt after the police fired tear gas. But so far the fire has not led to wider unrest. Jumma Khan, 45, was one of the bystanders massacred. A blacksmith’s apprentice, he lived in a mud house on a mountainside in the Anantnag district with his wife and 11 children far from any road. At 2 a.m. on March 24, 2000, soldiers broke down his door and dragged Mr. Jumma Khan away. Just four days earlier, more than a dozen gunmen dressed in fatigues had systematically massacred 34 men and boys in a nearby district, and the military was under pressure to find the

killers. Mr. Jumma Khan’s oldest child, Abdul Rashid, said his father had been targeted because he was poor and had a beard, which made him look like a militant. “They told my mother, ‘Don’t worry, he’ll be back in a half-hour’,” Mr. Rashid recalled in an interview on the mountainside near his home. She nonetheless threw herself on her husband, and the soldiers beat her, he said. Later that morning, Mr. Rashid discovered that three other men in the area had been similarly taken. The next day and miles away, Zahoor Ahmad Dalal, 22, drove home after working all day in the family’s fabric shop. He had dinner at 6 p.m. and left

for his customary walk 30 minutes later. He did not return. The family fanned out to find him but never did. The military soon announced that it had found five foreign militants responsible for the recent massacre hiding in an Anantnag hut. During the battle, the hut was burned and the militants killed, the military said. The charred bodies were buried without autopsies. After the announcement, Mr. Rashid feared the worst, he said. His village organized a protest march to demand that they see those arrested, but the police shot and killed seven of the protesters – including Mr. Rashid’s younger brother. Local outrage grew. Facing a growing revolt, officials allowed families to unearth the

bodies of the alleged militants. Families recognized the dead immediately. In a bungled attempt to hide the victims’ identities, soldiers had forced each to don military fatigues but had neglected to remove the victims’ old clothing, still visible under the burned fatigues. Genetic tests eventually confirmed their identities. There were no foreign militants. An investigation by India’s elite Central Bureau of Investigation charged five soldiers with murder. The Supreme Court has ordered the army to decide whether to court-martial those involved or allow a civilian trial. Mr. Rashid said he was not optimistic that the perpetrators would ever be brought to justice. Twelve years have already

passed. “We are like worms to them,” he said. “We will be crushed under their shoes and die.” Rifat Andrabi said much the same thing. She and her husband, Jalil Andrabi, a prominent Kashmiri human rights lawyer, were driving through Srinagar in 1996 when they were stopped at a military roadblock. Instead of simply checking the Andrabis’ identity papers, Mrs. Andrabi said, Maj. Avtar Singh took Mr. Andrabi into custody. Mrs. Andrabi, also a lawyer and the mother of three young children, panicked. Unable to drive, she hired a motorized rickshaw to follow. But the rickshaw could not keep up, and she returned home. Mr. Andrabi’s mutilated body was found three weeks

later in a burlap bag on the banks of the Jhelum River. Mrs. Andrabi and her husband’s brother, Arshad Andrabi, have spent 16 years seeking justice against Mr. Singh and others. In the meantime, military and government authorities failed to carry out court orders to arrest Mr. Singh. When he was found to be in the United States, they declined to seek his extradition. On June 9, Mr. Singh shot and killed his wife and two of their children in their California home before apparently committing suicide. Mrs. Andrabi said that her three children – then 2, 3 and 6 – waited every afternoon for their father to return from work, unable to understand what his death meant.—KMS


USA

97.60

97.40

UK

154.56

154.24

EURO

130.00

129.73

Rs 60.36b petroleum levy charges revenue collected: NA told STAFF REPORTER

Canada

97.60

97.40

I SLAMABAD —The National

Switzerland

104.95

104.73

Australia

102.70

102.49

Sweden

14.97

14.94

Japan

1.0943

1.0921

Assembly was informed that a total amount of 60.36 billion rupees revenue have been collected as Petroleum Levy charges is a part of Federal Consolidated Fund. Minister of State for Finance Saleem H. Mandviwala told the House during question hour that from where all expenditures of the government are authorized by the National Assembly. He said regarding financing future gas infrastructure‚ the Parliament has already approved a Gas Infrastructure Development Cess on December 2011.

Norway

17.56

17.53

Singapore

79.55

79.38

Denmark

17.42

17.38

Omani Riyal

235.00

234.50

Saudi Arabia

26.03

25.97

Hong Kong

12.59

12.56

Kuwait

346.47

345.76

Malaysia

32.09

32.03

Newzeland

82.29

82.12

Qatar

26.81

26.52

UAE

26.57

26.52

KR WON

0.0915

0.0913

Thailand

3.272

3.265

Responding to a question‚ Minister of State for Interior Imtiaz Safdar Warraich told the House that the number of streets crimes in Islamabad has decreased over the past five years due to better strategy adopted by ICT police. He said some of the steps taken by the government to check crimes include patrolling‚ halting points‚ setting up of nakas‚ re-introduction of beat system‚ establishment of community policing center‚ survey of the Katchi abadies‚ display of arms and surveillance of previous convicts. He said surveys have been conducted in Katchi Abadis to

check and control crime in the city. To another question‚ Minister of State for Finance Saleem H. Mandviwala said that based on provisional figures‚ the budget deficit during the period of July to December 2012 is projected at 2.8 percent of GDP as against 4.7 percent GDP estimated of the financial year 2012-13. He said federal net revenue receipts amounted to 759 billion rupees against target of 1775 billion rupees for whole year. The Minister of State said federal expenditure were 1497 billion rupees against budgetary allocation of 2960 billion rupees for the year 2012-13. He said provincial surplus of first half of

Emirates SkyCargo recognises top cargo agents in Pakistan

current financial year amounted to 87 billion rupees. He said Pakistan has received 3.6 billion dollars in Coalition Support Fund during the last five years. Two reports were laid before the Lower House. The first report presented by Minister for Defence Syed Naveed Qamar relates to the establishment office of Wafaqi Mohtasib (Ombudsman) Order (Amendment) Ordinance‚ 2012. The second report was laid by Chairperson of the Standing Committee on Law and Justice Begum Nasim Akhtar Chaudhary titled “The Constitution (Twenty-third Amendment) Bill‚ 2012”.

Forex reserves slip to $13,705b STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Pakistan’s liquid

Gold Tezab Silver Tezabi

53785.00 968.57

Gold Tezabi (24-Ct) Gold 22 Ct SilverTezabi Silver Thobi

48000.00 43890.00 830.00 800.00

Seminar on public-private partnership STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—To foster publicprivate partnership for promoting economic and social development in the country, a national seminar on vocational training, titled “Public-Private Partnership in TVET”, was organized by Sindh Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority (STEVTA) and Punjab Vocational Training Council (PVTC) in collaboration with GIZ-TVET reform support programme. Sindh Technical Education Minister Sadiq Ali Memon was the chief guest at the event while Ahsan Ullah Khan who heads Workers and Employers Bilateral Council of Pakistan (WEBCOP), Dr Ute Hoffmann who coordinates TVET Reform Support Programme, Faisal Ijaz Khan who chairs PVTC and Khwaja Noman who heads Employers Federation of Pakistan were the guest speakers. Proceeding starts with the welcoming address of STEVTA Managing Director Jaffar Abbasi. He told the audiences about the initiatives of STEVTA for the betterment of the employers and their management with the employees.

foreign exchange reserves slipped to around $ 13,705 billion on January 18. According to a statement issued by State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) here Thursday, the foreign reserves held by the Central Bank amounted to $ 8,809 billion and the net foreign exchange reserves held by banks other than SBP were $ 4,896 billion. Emirates SkyCargo, recently held its annual award ceremony to honour and recognise the most productive cargo agents in Pakistan. Pictures shows Khalid Bardan, Emirates’ Vice President along with the winning cargo agents. year and contribution to Emir- cargo agents in the Pakistan and STAFF REPORTER ates’ business. congratulate those who have reThe cargo agents presented ceived awards this year”, said ISLAMABAD—Emirates SkyCargo, the Cargo Division with awards were: PK Logis- Mr. Khalid Bardan, Emirates’ of Emirates Airline, one of the tics Supply Chain Manage- Vice President, Pakistan. “We appreciate the relentworld’s fastest growing airlines, ment, Sky Cargo, International recently held its annual award Cargo Services, DHL Pakistan, less hard work and dedication of ceremony to honour and Inter Fret Consolidators, Uni- the winning companies who recognise the most productive versal Freight System Private have worked under pressure to cargo agents in Pakistan at a gala Limited, Eastern Cargo Centre, constantly deliver on time, evAir Cargo Services, Cargo Ex- ery time.” He continued “It is event in Karachi. The airline presented press and Agility Logistics thanks to the dedication of these agents and many other agents awards to the country’s top ten (Pvt.) Limited. “It has been a challenging around the world that Emirates cargo agents in recognition of their performance during 2011- yet rewarding year for Emirates SkyCargo was awarded the 12, in the Cargo Agents Awards SkyCargo, with strong levels of honour of being “Air Cargo CarCeremony 2012. The agents growth across several areas of rier of the Year 2012” for the 6th were awarded for their outstand- our business. We are grateful for time at recent the Global Freight ing performance throughout the the continued support of all our Awards”.

Merit, transparency for PIA employment undertaken AMANULLAH KHAN KARACHI—Managing Director

PIA, Muhammad Junaid Yunus and CEO –National Testing Services Dr. Haroon Rashid signed an agreement for assessment of the PIA employees’ professional standards for bringing in merit and transparency in the employment. After signing of the agreement all appointments and promotions in PIA will be done on merit on passing of the test conducted by National Testing Service. The NTS tests of the PIA employees would be computer based and a computer laboratory would be established by the NTS at the Head Office. The test would be for professional competence, Psychometric test of STAFF REPORTER the employees based on their job LAHORE—Warid Telecom description. For purposes of brings another fascinating service for its customers; Postpaid To Prepaid Balance Transfer. This service will allow Warid Telecom’s postpaid customers to share balance with Warid prepaid and STAFF REPORTER Glow customers. Warid Telecom has been leading the I SLAMABAD —FBR’s Legal way of innovation in Wing completed a 3-day, trainPakistan’s telecom industry ing activity on Litigation Manand Postpaid To Prepaid Bal- agement System (LMS) at Diance Transfer service is yet rectorate General of Training & another industry first by Research (DOT- IR), Islamabad Warid Telecom. to build the capacity of 40 ofThrough this service ficers and officials of FBR as Warid Telecom’s postpaid Master Trainers. customers can transfer Additional Commissioners, amounts up to Rs.50, in de- Deputy Commissioners, and nominations of Rs.10, with Assistant Commissioner of InWarid’s prepaid and Glow land Revenue from Islamabad, customers by sending Rawalpindi, Abbotabad, and “ B < s p a c e > R e c i p i e n t Peshawar participated in the Number<space>Transfer training. Amount” to 2424. This serMember Legal Mr. vice reflects Warid Muhammad Aqil Usman, Telecom’s commitment to- while inaugurating the trainwards providing best qualing, highlighted the impority services to its customers tance of the Litigation Manby introducing unique and agement Software (LMS) sysinnovative services in the in- tem. He emphasized the senior dustry. management of LTUs and Commenting on this new RTOs to get the system impleoffer, Warid Telecom’s Chief mented. Commercial Office, Mr. This system aims at streamYounas Iqbal Sheikh stated, lining data entry and its updation “There are so many occa- of information on Supreme sions where a parent or a Court and High Court cases businessman etc. needs to (References, Appeals, Writ Pesend balance to their children titions, CPLAs etc.) into the or business associates for an Litigation Management softurgent communication need. ware.

Warid brings ‘postpaid to prepaid balance transfer’ service

FBR holds training on litigation management software

merit and transparency these online test would be conducted on real time basis and the result would be announced immediately on finishing the test by each employee. Initially the test would check proficiency in job related knowledge, English language, general knowledge and intelligence quotient (IQ). Initially about 2500 employees of all categories would be put to test by NTS. Managing Director PIA while sharing his views on the occasion said that PIA’s financial position is improving and the airline is now in operating profit. He said that in November 2012 PIA earned operating profit of Rs. 738 million. Previous loans will be restructured and a comprehensive plan has been submitted to the Ministry of Finance. After taking charge of the

National Flag Carrier various initiatives have been taken for the betterment of the airline. With the induction of A320 aircraft in PIA fleet the airline will be saving around 54% in fuel costs. He said that each flight is being monitored and in December 2012 the airline managed to save 110 tons of fuel. With the induction of aircraft in PIA fleet the flight schedule of the airline will also improve. He added. Other initiatives taken include forensic audit, a Committee formed for the review of airline affairs and termination from service of employees with fake educational degrees. The signing of the agreement with National Testing Service is another step forward in implementing merit and transparency in employment and promotions in PIA.

Integrated river basin management report launched STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —World Wide Fund for Nature – Pakistan (WWF-Pakistan) has launched a critical report for the development of integrated river basin management for the Indus Basin, Pakistan’s largest freshwater resource. Nadeem Ul Haq (Deputy Chairman - Planning Commission of Pakistan) was the Chief

Guest at the occasion. He was joined by officials from WWF – Pakistan, officials from the concerned Federal Ministries authorities (climate change, water, FFC, IRSA, ICIMOD, WAPDA, MET) academics, multilateral donor organisations and embassy and consulates staff. The report, authored by Simi Kamal, Dr. Pervaiz Amir, and Khalid Mohtadullah, who are vet-

erans in the water sector, highlights the urgent need of conserving Pakistan’s water resources by Integrated Management of River Indus. Since water is necessary for all human activities, the report suggests a comprehensive programme to save and sustainably manage freshwater resources in Pakistan by sharing the benefits over land and water resources. The authors of the book

added, “The study has special focus on Indus Basin, scientifically assessing the causes that have increased the current water crisis along with determining the gaps in the overall administrative and response mechanisms that have contributed to the present situation besides the natural calamity.”

Engro Foods announces profit of Rs2,595m STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—The Board of Directors of Engro Foods Limited has announced an extraordinarily brilliant performance and a profit after tax of Rs.2,595 million for the year ended December 31, 2012 as compared to Rs 891 million in 2011. Engro Foods’ revenue for 2012 recorded another year with continuous stellar growth of 35% and stood at Rs. 40.17 billion as compared to Rs. 29.86 billion in the 2011. The Company also announced an EPS of Rs. 3.43 & Rs. 3.40 (basic & diluted respectively) for the year 2012, growth of 181% vs 2011. Focused investment and growth, diversification of the existing product portfolio and effective product mix management along with a strong emphasis on operational excellence through the various business segments remained the key elements in the achievements of our results in 2012. These results were backed by investments in infrastructure and product portfolio in order to meet consumer needs – a trend widely reflected in our bottom line profitability.

KSE climbs beyond historic 17000 points OBSERVER REPORT

The trading volumes were higher to climb to 271 million shares as against 218 million of the previous session. The trading value also rose to Rs 6.90 billion from Rs 5.49 billion on Wednesday. The market capital grew beyond Rs 4.263 trillion compared to Rs 4.22 trillion a day earlier. The free float KSE$-30 index also set in the green zone and gained 125 points to last at 13,931.66 points against 13,806.38 points of the previous trading session. The day marked mostly the second and third tier stocks leading the volumes with Fauji Cement, the volume leader, counting its traded shares as 60.334 million, gaining Re 32 paisas on each of its stakes that were priced at Rs 7.48 in the opening

and Rs 7.80 at closing. Turnover on the future market also headed northward to stand at 22.983 million shares compared to Wednesday’s 22.172 million. According to stocks analysts, the result announcement session had led other positives to help the index peak to the historic high. Muhammad Sohail, a broker and senior analyst at the KSE, said the announcement of “good” corporate results was the leading attributable factor for Thursday’s stocks market boost. “Good corporate results, foreign buying and a relative calm on local political front helped the equities to cross the 17000 mark,” Sohail, the Chief Executive Officer of Topline Securities, told Pakistan Today.

Huge microfinance market yet to be tapped in Pakistan

WAPDA starts construction of Waran canal system

K ARACHI —The benchmark KSE 100-share index at the Karachi Stocks Market (KSE) on Thursday crossed the historic 17,000 points level. The market analysts say the historic positive was because of the politico-economic factors taking place on the country’s internal and external front. The KSE 100-share index gained 148 points to close at 17,056.36 points compared to Wednesday’s 16,908.67 points. The intraday high and low the index hit on the day were respectively recorded at 17,067.58 and 16,908.67, the closing point of the previous day. Of the total 353 scrips traded, 205 gained, 123 lost and 25 saw no change in their price.

AMANULLAH KHAN KARACHI—A huge untapped market of microfinance to the size of over 30 million is yet to be tapped in Pakistan as at the moment only 10 percent of the market is covered so far. Yaseen Anwar, Governor, State Bank of Pakistan said that the SBP is pursuing a multipronged approach to tackle the challenge of high financial exclusion in the country. ‘In particular, SBP is aiming to develop an efficient and sustainable market-based financial structure meeting the financial needs of the marginalized population of the country including women and young people. Addressing the concluding ceremony of Term Finance (Sarmaya) Certificate (TFC) of Tameer Microfinance Bank here today he said that the issuance of this TFC will go a long way in diversifying funding for the microfinance sector. ‘I strongly encourage all the financial market players to develop a long term vision for making the financial sector in Pakistan more inclusive” The estimated microfinance market of 25-30 million clients may not necessarily just need credit services. ‘It is of utmost importance that the industry

should aim to provide holistic and appropriate financial services, including deposit, credit, insurance and remittance services,’ he said, adding that the SBP is well aware of the fact that the industry is beset with a number of challenges in the way of achieving this high objective. ‘SBP is actively engaged with all stakeholders to address the sector specific challenges in a sustainable manner,’ he said. Financial sector in Pakistan remains restricted in its outreach both in terms of its depth and breadth. According to the Access to Finance Study of 2008, hardly 12% of the population has access to formal banking services and another 32% is informally served whereas 56% of the adult population is totally excluded, he said adding that similarly in Pakistan, the estimated size of the microfinance market is in the range of 25-30 million clients which indicates that the current level of microfinance access at 2.4 million clients is only 10% of the potential market. Anwar said that the SBP with the help of UK’s DFID had launched the Microfinance Credit Guarantee Facility (MCGF) in 2008 to match the massive scarcity of funding to the majority of the microfinance market.

LAHORE—The Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) has initiated construction of Waran Canal System as an integral component of Gomal Zam Dam Project, located in Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, it was officially announced. WAPDA Chairman Syed Raghib Shah expressed these views in a meeting with the National Assembly Deputy Speaker Faisal Karim Kundi on Thursday, according to an official statement later released to media on Thursday. Speaking on the occasion, the Chairman said that the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is providing US $ 12 million for construction of Waran Canal System in addition to providing US $ 80 million to help complete main dam, powerhouse and irrigation system of Gomal Zam Dam Project. Dilating upon the additional benefits of Waran Canal System, he said that crop sowing in the area would increase from 26 percent to 87 percent.

12007.240m JS Bank hosts ICFJ Rsirrigation dept delegation scheme approved STAFF REPORTER based journalists from International Centre for Journalists (ICFJ) were hosted by Mr. Kalim ur Rahman - CEO, JS

keting, JS Bank spoke on the occasion to appreciate the efforts of the delegation to strengthen the existing ties between the countries. Kalim ur Rahman - CEO, JS Bank stated that this is a impor-

Bank at a local hotel. Their visit to Pakistan has been organized as part of the US - Pakistan Professional Partnership in Journalism Forum to enhance the exchange of views between the two nations and to help formulate a softer opinion of each other in the media of their respective countries. Welcoming the delegation, Mr. Imran Shaikh, Head of Mar-

tant milestone in the history between United States of America and Pakistan to pave the way to a better understanding of each other’s culture and complexities involved to improve the existing relationship. Pakistan has immense potential and there is a need to ensure that all the positive news should also be highlighted in the right circles around the world.

KARACHI—A delegation of US

Government support to real estate urged OBSERVER REPORT KARACHI—Government support, financing and leasing facility in real estate would strengthen the economy and bolster the banking, construction and allied industry, macro economics of the country would be in right direction if government formulates policies to help real estate industry, Tariq Rafi CEO of Siddiqsons Group and Triple Tree Associates disclosed this during a meeting with journalists. While negating a myth about vulnerability of banking loans to real estate sector he said that bank loans for construction industry have been proved the most secured as collaterals remain immovable and cant be siphoned off. Similarly he said, the investment of undocumented wealth or black money is also a myth as if only illegal money could boost the real estate then Pakistan would be the destination instead of Dubai. The investments made by investors in Pakistan real estate is still far better in terms of return and value as compared to mid east. He also added that investors, who sought the opportunity in Dubai’s real estate and invested around one billion dollar, now they have been swaying without residency or property and have nothing in pocket. If this was done in Pakistan at least they could reap some fruits and Pakistan would have had some remarkable real estate infrastructure. He added that compared with early 80s, Dubai has changed altogether, road infrastructure, hotels, railway, airports everything is like western world while in 80s there was only dust everywhere and no infrastructure.

STAFF REPORTER

STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—The Punjab Government on Thursday has approved the scheme of Irrigation Sector with an estimated cost of Rs. 12007.240 million for “Punjab Irrigation System Improvement Project (PISIP) PKP59 (2nd Revised)”. Eight other development schemes of various sectors of the economy were also approved worth Rs. 3551.129 million in the 29th meeting of Provincial Development working Party of current financial year 2012-13 presided over by the Punjab Planning and Development Board Chairman, Javaid Aslam. Secretary Planning & Development Punjab Arif Anwar Baloch, members of the Planning & Development Board and other senior representatives of the relevant Provincial Departments also participated in the meeting. The approved development schemes included: Construction of Sewerage Scheme Renala City, District Okara at the cost of Rs. 314.972 million, Punjab Water & Sanitation Academy, Lahore (Revised) at the cost of Rs. 421.885 million.

LCCI calls for proper branding of products to compete world marts SALIM AHMED LAHORE—Pakistani products enjoy quality-edge when they are compared with products of other countries but are falling short of getting a respectable place in the global market only because of lack of awareness about their branding and marketing. This was upshot of the speeches and presentations made at a seminar on Brand Power arranged by LCCI Standing Committee on Education here on Thursday. LCCI Senior Vice President Irfan Iqbal Sheikh was the Chief Guest while Vice President Mian Abuzar Shad, Convener Standing Committee on Education Abrar Ahmad, Deputy Registrar

of Copyrights Imtiaz Ali, CoConvener of the LCCI Standing Committee on Education Umer Saleem, Muneeb Dilshad, Beenish Pervaiz, Fauad Bajwa and Rana Sajjad also spoke on the occasion. The main objective of the seminar was to educate the participants about the importance of creating a unique brand identity for Pakistani products. The speakers threw light on various aspects of brand development. They were of the view that a little attention toward this area could do miracles as Pakistani merchandise are best of the best in world in quality terms. There was a consensus that a brand is essentially a promise of value to customers. Building

a strong brand leads to awareness, recognition and trust in the product or service provided, which in turn generates increased leads and sales. They said that branding is especially important in export business as it is the one consistent message every potential customer sees and having strong company and product branding can make all the difference between failure and success. Therefore, Pakistani entrepreneurs should concentrate on branding as it not only transforms an ordinary product into special one but also removes all the ambiguities from the minds of the buyers thus a huge amount of foreign exchange could be earned by focusing on branding of Pakistani products.


Malian army ill-equipped to fight Islamists

Koirala offers antidote to anarchy KATHMANDU—President of the Nepali Congress (NC) Sushil Koirala said anarchy in the educational sector will continue unless lasting peace, good governance, and democratic system were ensured in the nation. Taking to a delegation of Educational Journalists Group who had reached at NC President Koirala’s residence, at Maharajgunj, today, to receive commitment of the senior leaders regarding the School as Zone of Peace, he said unless there was peace in the overall sectors in the country, the education sector only would not experience peace. He blamed that Prime Minister Dr. Baburam Bhattarai has failed to meet the target for peace and constitution writing. NC President Koirala added that Dr. Bhattarai could not make environment for new elections as well. In a different context, he said Prime Minister Dr. Bhattarai was the main cause of clash in Dailekh on Wednesday, adding that Dr. Bhattarai provoked the opposition parties in the incident. During the meeting with the journalists, NC President Koirala, expressed his written commitment on the School as Zone of Peace and said that the students could struggle for their rights but can make no political interference and disruptions in studies. NC Spokesperson Dilendra Badu said the NC as a responsible democratic party of the nation has been committed for making school as zone of peace since the past. Former chairman of the Children as Zone of Peace National Campaign, Krishna Subedi, representative of the Save the Children, Goma Kshetri, and Group’s chairman Prakash Silwal, among others, were present on the occasion. —HT

Putin to pick leaders for regions

DIABALY—Explosions rang out pillaged in search of food and

Medical personnel wheel the body of a victim killed by a suicide bomber in Tuz Khurmato city,

MOSCOW—Russia’s parliament has given into a hospital in Kirkuk, 250 km north of Baghdad. preliminary backing to a bill that would enable the country’s 83 regions to scrap popular elections of their leaders in favour of a system that would let President Vladimir Putin choose candidates instead. Opponents said the bill, approved in a 403-10 vote late on Wednesday after the first of three readings in the lower house would be a step backwards for democracy in Putin’s new term. The lower house is dominated by Putin’s United Russia party. Putin scrapped popular elections of regional governors as part of a drive to tighten his grip on the political system in his initial 20002008 presidency. The elections were reintroduced last year amid a wave of opposition protests that drew tens of thousands of Russians tired of Putin’s dominance and eager for a stronger political voice. Critics of Putin say the rules favour United Russia as it is, and its candidates won all five governorships at stake in elections last October. The proposed law would allow each region to abandon direct elections and put in place a system under which Putin would name three candidates and the regional legislature would elect one of them as governor. Backers of the bill suggest it is mainly intended as a means to scrap popular elections in regions with ethnically mixed populations, such as the mostly Muslim provinces of the insurgencyplagued North Caucasus. The Kremlin is concerned that votes in those regions could involve candidates whose loyalty is in question or spark unrest. The financial daily Vedomosti reported on Thursday that Putin wants to use the legislation to choose the leaders of the North Caucasus provinces of Dagestan and Ingushetia, bordering war-scarred Chechnya, this autumn. —Reuters

Mexican court frees Frenchwoman MEXICO CITY—A Frenchwoman who had spent seven years in prison in Mexico on kidnapping charges was flying back to Paris on Thursday after Mexico’s Supreme Court ordered her freed because of flaws in her trial, bringing a close to a case that had strained relations between the countries. Florence Cassez’s arrest, trial and 60-year prison sentence made her a cause celebre in France, where two consecutive presidents called for her release. Anti-crime activists in Mexico vigorously opposed the Wednesday decision to free her. Cassez’s flight left Mexico City’s international airport at 9:25 p.m. local time (03:25 GMT) and was expected to arrive in Paris about 10 hours later. Relatives of kidnap victims angrily shouted “Killer!” as a police convoy with sirens flashing escorted a sports utility vehicle out of the Mexico City prison where Cassez had been held. The family and supporters of the 38-year-old Cassez, who was arrested in 2005 and convicted of helping her Mexican thenboyfriend run a kidnapping gang, celebrated the decision, saying she was innocent. “I’m crazy with happiness, I can’t say anything else,” her mother, Charlotte Cassez, said in France. “I’m still struggling to believe it.” Earlier on Wednesday, a Mexican Supreme Court panel voted 3-2 to release Cassez because of procedural and rights violations during her arrest, including police staging a recreation of her capture for the media. The justices pointedly did not rule on her guilt or innocence, but said the violations of due process, the right to consular assistance.—Reuters

Allen named NATO chief in Europe WASHINGTON—President Barack Obama will proceed with General John Allen’s nomination as NATO’s supreme allied commander in Europe after the Pentagon cleared him of professional misconduct over emails to a Florida socialite, the White House said on Wednesday. Allen, the outgoing commander of U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan, was ensnared in the scandal that prompted retired General David Petraeus to resign as CIA director last year after his affair with his biographer, Paula Broadwell, was exposed. The Pentagon announced on Tuesday that an investigation launched in November had cleared Allen of any wrongdoing after looking into email exchanges between him and Jill Kelley, one of the women at the centre of the Petraeus scandal. “General Allen’s nomination ... will proceed,” White House spokesman Jay Carney told reporters. “We hope the Senate will consider it in a timely manner. And, you know, we will press the Senate to do just that,” Carney added. Allen’s nomination for the U.S. military’s top job in Europe must be resubmitted to Congress because his original nomination expired at the end of the last congressional term, a Senate Armed Services Committee spokeswoman said. The inquiry by the Defence Department’s Inspector General centered on the emails between Allen and Kelley, a Tampa woman who knew Allen when he served as the No. 2 officer at the U.S. military’s Tampa-based Central Command from July 2008 to June 2011.—Reuters

NKorea warns of nuke test, more rockets SEOUL—North Korea’s top governing body warned Thursday that the regime will conduct its third nuclear test in defiance of U.N. punishment, and made clear that its long-range rockets are designed to carry not only satellites but also warheads aimed at striking the United States. The National Defense Commission, headed by the country’s young leader, Kim Jong Un, denounced Tuesday’s U.N. Security Council resolution condemning North Korea’s long-range rocket launch in December as a banned missile activity and expanding sanctions against the regime. The commission reaffirmed in its declaration that the launch was a peaceful bid to send a satellite into space, but also clearly indicated the country’s rocket launches have a military purpose: to strike and attack the United States. While experts say North Korea doesn’t have the capability to hit the U.S. with its missiles, recent tests and rhetoric indicate the country is feverishly working toward that goal. The commission pledged to keep launching satellites and rockets and to conduct a nuclear test as part of a “new phase” of combat with the United States, which it blames for leading the U.N. bid to punish Pyongyang.—Reuters

at 3 a.m. last week as the radical Islamists descended on the town of Diabaly, home to a Malian military camp. Residents cowering in their homes believed the Malian soldiers would protect them. Instead dozens of Malian troops fled in fear, ripping off their uniforms and taking off on foot into the dark. “We thought for sure the Malian army would hit back,” said local resident Gaoussou Kone of the Jan. 14 attack. “We were surprised to learn that our soldiers ran away. There is no African country that is strong enough to fight these people on their own. They are too well-armed.” Returning to the central town Monday, after the Islamist extremists retreated, the Malian soldiers found the entrance to their military camp littered with charred cars and weapons destroyed by the French air strikes. Inside, they found ransacked buildings which the Islamists had

weapons. Not even the cafeteria was spared, with pots and lids thrown about. One thing the Islamists didn’t take the gris-gris, or talismans, that members of the Malian military wore for protection, but the army will need more than charms to effectively fight the rebels. Security experts have long expressed concern about the weakness of Mali’s military and its inability to contribute forcefully in the international intervention against the Islamist extremists, who are well-armed and determined fighters. Residents say the Islamists fled the town later in the week. The Malian soldiers would not have been able to recapture the city without French help, according to many residents, including Modibo Sawadogo. “We are happy about the presence of (foreign) soldiers who can reassure us because without them our military wouldn’t be able to return,” he said. —Reuters

Suicide bomber kills 22 at Iraqi mosque BAGHDAD—A suicide bomber of the Martyrs, mosque in Tuz Mohammed, an Iraqi army disguised as a mourner killed at least 22 people inside an Iraqi Shi’ite Muslim mosque on Wednesday when he set off his explosives in the middle of a crowded funeral. The latest of four suicide attacks in a week came as Shi’ite Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki faces mounting pressure from mass Sunni protests that threaten to return Iraq to the scale of sectarian violence that killed thousands in 2006-2007. Dressed in a suit, the bomber mingled with mourners before detonating the blast at the Saif al Shuhada, Sword

Khurmato city at a ceremony for a Shi’ite ethnic Turkman, police and witnesses said. “I was sitting in the seats at the back when all of sudden I heard the sound of a huge explosion. Thank God I was behind because people in front of me saved me with their bodies,” said Abbas Qadir Mohammed, 35, one of the wounded. Panicked survivors packed the injured and dead wrapped in carpets into trucks and cars to rush them to hospital in the religiously and ethnically mixed city 170 km (105 miles) north of the capital Baghdad. Rigot

spokesman, said at least 22 people were killed and more than 50 wounded in the blast. No one claimed responsibility, but al Qaeda’s local wing, Islamic State of Iraq, often targets Shi’ite Muslim pilgrims and sites to try to trigger widespread Sunni-Shi’ite confrontation in Iraq a year after the last American troops withdrew. The Sunni militant group has pledged to win back ground lost during the war following the U.S.-led 2003 invasion and has been reinvigorated by Sunni Islamists fighting against President Bashar alAssad in neighbouring Syria.

China, Russia, US raise Mediterranean naval focus PORT SAID—Egypt has seen no United States signaling it too in- transfer military resources to the shortage of empires come and go, from its own ancient civilizations to those of Greece, Rome, Britain and France. Now, it is among the outposts of the latest Mediterranean power: China. Situated at the northern end of the Suez Canal, the Port Said Container Terminal is one of the busiest in the region, vital for shipments not only to Egypt but also much of Europe and the Middle East. Like several other key ports in the region - including Piraeus in Greece and Naples in Italy it is now partially owned by China. The state-owned Cosco Pacific holds 20 percent the terminal, helping make it one of the dominant - if not the dominant Mediterranean port operators. Cosco stresses that it is a purely commercial venture and many analysts agree. But few doubt that Beijing has made a wider geopolitical decision to become much more involved in the region. For the last two years, the People’s Liberation Army Navy has sent one or more warships through the Suez Canal to visit southern European ports, the furthest its fleet has ever operated from home. But China is not the only great power now increasing its involvement in the area. With Russia sending warships to positions off Syria and the

Azeri rioters burn cars, houses BAKU—Hundreds of protesters surrounded a regional governor’s residence in northwest Azerbaijan on Thursday to demand his resignation after a night of rioting in which cars and buildings were set ablaze. Police said several protesters and several police officers had been injured in the town of Ismaili, about 200 km (125 miles) northwest of the capital Baku, after the rioting began following an incident involving a car. The police said they had been forced to bring in reinforcements to help restore order after the protesters threw stones at them. It was not immediately clear whether the protesters had demands other than the governor’s resignation, or how bad the damage was from the rioting. Sandwiched in the Caucasus region between Russia, Iran and Turkey, Azerbaijan supplies Caspian oil and gas to Europe. Western governments and human right groups accuse President Ilham Aliyev, who succeeded his father in the former Soviet republic in 2003, of authoritarian rule and say he has clamped down on dissent.—Reuters

tends to take the region more seriously, the Mediterranean is clearly no longer seen as the strategic backwater many believed it had become. “The assumption that the Mediterranean would become a purely Western sphere of influence appears to have been premature,” says Nikolas Gvosdev, professor of national security studies at the United States Naval War College in Rhode Island. “The Chinese are showing their flag in an area far from their traditional area of operations in part to show that they are a global power. The renewed Russian deployments are part intended as a sign that Moscow has not gone away.” Other strategic shifts are also taking place in the region. The “Arab Spring” has unleashed a period of unrest and instability across North Africa and beyond while the euro zone crisis has left troubled southern European states struggling with debt and searching for ready investment. Meanwhile, the gas platforms beginning to dot the disputed waters of the eastern Mediterranean have unleashed a scramble for resources that has further exacerbated pre-existing tensions between Cyprus, Turkey and Israel. The U.S. had hoped it could pull back from the area, helping

Pacific and South China Sea as part of a pivot to Asia aimed heavily at containing a rising China. But last year’s Libya conflict provided stark warning that European states had distinctly limited capacity, and as the financial crisis bites defense budgets have been further cut. “I don’t see a conflict,” says Gvosdev at the Naval War College. “But... (it) does make it more difficult to do an Asia pivot on the cheap.” In 2011 Admiral Gary Roughead - at the time Chief of Naval Operations and the professional head of the U.S. Navy - told senior officers the U.S. needed to return to the Mediterranean. In the years since the end of the Cold War and Balkan conflicts that followed, the U.S. had quietly stopped maintaining a permanent aircraft carrier there as it focused on Iraq and Afghanistan and confrontation with Iran. Limited resources mean putting a permanent carrier back in the region is all but impossible. But other ships now look set to take up a much more permanent presence. Last year, the Pentagon announced it was deploying four state-of-the-art missile destroyers to the Spanish port of Rota, in part to counter any missile threat to Europe from Iran or elsewhere in the Middle East.—Reuters

Tribal lawmakers dominate Jordan parliament A M M A N —Pro-government tribal candidates strengthened their grip on Jordan’s parliament after Wednesday’s general election, boycotted as rigged by the Muslim Brotherhood-led opposition, according to preliminary results. State television on Thursday listed most of the 150 seats contested, saying they were won by independents, candidates with limited political agendas who rely on family and tribal allegiances rather than party backing. The Islamic Action Front, the Muslim Brotherhood’s political wing in Jordan and the country’s largest opposition party, shunned the election because it said the electoral law was designed to curb its influence. The front said last year it would boycott the polls after the tribal-dominated parliament passed a electoral law that magnified the clout of native Jordanian constituencies at the expense of cities, which are home to many citizens of Palestinian origin and which tend to be Islamist strongholds.

Turnout for Wednesday’s vote was 56 percent of the country’s 2.3 million registered voters. The Islamists say only a fraction of Jordan’s eligible voters cast their ballots and that another 2.4 million eligible voters did not register to vote on Wednesday, Jordan’s first parliamentary election since the Arab uprisings. Islamists draw more support in the densely populated cities, where most of the country’s 7 million population live, and voting is more along political and ideological lines. In the major cities, including the capital, all strongholds of the country’s most organized political grouping, turnout figures averaged around 40 percent. In sparsely populated rural and Bedouin areas it was more than 70 percent. Officials say the elections were a milestone in democratic reforms espoused by King Abdullah and that the opposition had misjudged the popular mood, saying many voters had shunned the opposition’s boycott call.—Reuters

Maliki is struggling to calm weeks of street protests by Sunni Muslims while his delicately balanced government, a coalition of Sunnis, ethnic Kurds and the Shi’ite majority, is deadlocked in a crisis over power sharing. The attack on Tuz Khurmato was the fourth suicide bombing in Iraq in a week. At least 55 people have been killed in the blasts, including a Sunni lawmaker visiting a town where protesters were gathering. Al Qaeda claimed responsibility for that bombing. Sunni unrest and renewed violence in Iraq are compounding fears the war in neighbouring

Suu Kyi accepts peace award YANGON—Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi is flying to Hawaii to accept a peace award. The lawmaker and Nobel Peace laureate will deliver an address at the Rotary Global Peace Forum meeting in Honolulu and accept an award lauding her commitment to nonviolent activism and human rights. The trip will be her first to the American island state. Rotary is a global humanitarian organization with more than 1.2 million members. Suu Kyi flew out of Myanmar’s main city of Yangon on Thursday. She is also due to visit South Korea to attend the opening ceremony of the 2013 Special Olympics. Suu Kyi spent most of the last two decades under house arrest in Myanmar but traveled abroad last year amid a wave of reforms that have opened the country.—Mizzima

BSF picks another Bangladeshi DHAKA—Indian Border Security Force (BSF) on Thursday picked up another Bangladeshi citizen from Moheshpur upazila of Jhenidah early Thursday. The detainee is Ziaur Rahman, 30, of Shympur village of the upazila, reports our Jhenidah correspondent quoting habildar Lokman Hossain, commander of Sreenathpur Camp of Border Guard Bangladesh. The BSF members of Fatepur camp in Nadia of India detained Ziaur as he along with some other Bangladeshis entered into Indian territory around 4:00am crossing barbed wire to buy cattle, Lokman added. A patrol team of BSF of Fatepur camp chased the group and held Ziaur while others managed to flee the scene, Lokman said quoting the victim’s family members.—Star

Damascus rebel-held suberbs bombed BEIRUT—Activists say Syrian warplanes have bombed rebelheld areas near Damascus as President Bashar Assad’s troops battle opposition fighters along the road that links the capital with the main airport. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says fighter jets carried out eight airstrikes on the suburb of Daraya, southwest of Syria’s capital, on Thursday. More than 60,000 people have been killed in the nearly two-year-long conflict, which began as peaceful protests against Assad’s rule but quickly morphed into a civil war.—AP

Syria - where Sunni rebels are battling to topple Assad, an ally of Shi’ite Iran - will upset Iraq’s own fragile sectarian and ethnic mix. The local al Qaeda affiliate’s position has been boosted by Sunni Islamist fighters, cash and arms flowing to the war in Syria. Sunni protests erupted in late December after authorities arrested the bodyguards of a Sunni finance minister on charges of terrorism. Sunni leaders said the arrests were part of a crackdown from the Shi’ite-led government on their sect. Since the fall of Sunni strongman Saddam Hussein in 2003 and the rise of the Shi’ite majority to power

through elections, many Iraqi Sunnis say they feel they have been marginalised over the decade since the U.S.-led invasion. Protesters want reforms to an anti-terrorism law and an easing of a campaign against members of Saddam’s former Baath party, two measures they say officials use unfairly to target the Sunni community. Maliki has appointed a top Shi’ite figure to investigate those conditions and authorities have freed nearly 1,000 detainees in a gesture to appease protests. But demonstrators are calling more and more for the Shi’ite premier to step down.—Reuters

Trial in India gang rape case begins NEW DELHI —The trial of five men charged with the gang rape and murder of a 23-year-old student on a New Delhi bus began in a closed courtroom Thursday with opening arguments by the prosecution lawyers in a special fast-track court set up just weeks ago to handle sexual assault cases. The brutal attack last month set off protests across India and opened a national debate about the epidemic of violence against women. A government committee established in the wake of the attack has called for a complete overhaul of the way the criminal justice system deals with rape, sexual assaults and crimes against women in general. The five men on trial who face a maximum sentence of death by hanging if convicted covered their faces with woolen caps as they walked into the courtroom Thursday surrounded by a phalanx of armed police. Two hours later, after proceedings were over, they were whisked away by the police. A sixth suspect in the case has claimed he is a juvenile and is expected to be tried in a juvenile court. Details of the day’s proceedings were not available. The courtroom was closed to the public and the media a routine move in Indian rape cases even though

defense lawyers had argued that since the victim is dead, the proceedings should be opened. There was also a gag order on the lawyers to not reveal what happened inside the court. Judge Yogesh Khanna turned down requests by journalists Thursday that they be briefed on the day’s proceedings and said the gag order would remain. Since Friday is a public holiday in India, the next hearing in the case was set for Monday, when the defense will present its opening arguments. After the hearing, M.L. Sharma, a defense lawyer for Mukesh Singh, one of the accused, said he had withdrawn from the case. V.K. Anand, who represents Mukesh’s brother Ram Singh, will now defend both brothers. The two lawyers had been arguing over who was Mukesh Singh’s real lawyer. Sharma said he left the case to save his client from being tortured to fire him. He has long maintained that the other defense lawyers were planted by the police to ensure guilty verdicts. Dozens of police were outside the sprawling court complex in south New Delhi where the trial is taking place. Inside the court, about 30 policemen blocked access to the room where Khanna heard the prosecution’s case.—AP

Azeri police use tear gas to break up protests BAKU—Azeri police used tear was parked nearby, witnesses gas and water cannon to disperse hundreds of protesters demanding a local leader’s resignation on Thursday after cars and a hotel were torched in a night of rioting. Mass protests are rare in the oil-producing former Soviet republic and the crowds’ complaints about wages, unemployment and oppressive government may send a worrying signal to autocratic President Ilham Aliyev in an election year. Reuters footage showed at least one building on fire and the burning carcasses of vehicles set ablaze by rioters on Wednesday night in the town of Ismaili, 200 km (125 miles) northwest of the capital Baku. Police said protesters and police were injured and reinforcements brought in from outside the town to help restore order. Azerbaijan’s Turan news agency quoted witnesses as saying the protests ended only after tear gas and water cannon were used. The rioting began after a hotel owner drove his car into an electricity pole and got into a fight with a driver whose vehicle

said. Dozens of other people were then sucked into the brawl and police intervention failed to cool tempers. About 3,000 went to the driver’s hotel, set fire to it and torched cars in the courtyard, before moving on to the home of regional governor Nizami Alekperov’s son, where a car and two motorcycles were set ablaze. Witnesses said the protesters surrounded the governor’s residence on Thursday and, shaking their fists, chanted: “Resignation! Resignation!” “We are annoyed with unemployment, poverty and an atmosphere of fear,” one resident, who declined to be identified, told Turan. Signs of public dissent are unusual in the mainly Muslim nation of nine million people on the Caspian Sea, and police usually move in swiftly to break up any protests. Police used force to disperse a protest last March in the town of Quba, 170 km (100 miles) north of Baku, when residents gathered in the central square to demand the resignation of the mayor, whom they accused of exceeding his authority.—AP


Incredible’ Djokovic destroys Ferrer to reach final

Li thumps Sharapova to reach Australian Open final M ELBOURNE —China’s Li Na stormed into the final of the Australian Open Thursday with a straight-sets upset win over Maria Sharapova, leaving her one victory away from her second major title. Li, 30, defeated the world number two 6-2, 6-2 in 1hr 33min and will now meet the winner of Thursday’s second semi-final between world number one Victoria Azarenka and American teenager Sloane Stephens. “Every time I’m back in Australia, I always feel something here,” said Li, the 2011 runner-up. “I always play well here. Everyone can be nervous in a final, so I have to enjoy it. I’m looking forward to the final.” Sharapova had lost only nine games in her march to the semi-finals, a tournament record, but Li was always going to provide a far sterner test despite trailing 4-8 in their head-to-head. And the Russian started disastrously with consecutive double faults as she was broken in the opening game. Four-time major-winer Sharapova could have returned to world number one if she had won her second Australian Open title, but

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Li’s ball-striking had her on the back foot from the beginning. Benefiting from her intense off-season fitness training under new coach Carlos Rodriguez, Li was untroubled by sweltering heat in Melbourne and broke for a second time to take a 4-1 lead. Her serving was steady, and her groundstrokes were probing. Two close video rulings went against Li, and Sharapova retrieved one of the service breaks, only to hand it straight back. China’s 2011 French Open champion closed out the opening set in 48 minutes. Li, 30, missed a sitter of a forehand in a worrying sign at the beginning of the second set. She held strong on her serve, however, and Sharapova stumbled in the fifth game. The fifth of Sharapova’s six double faults handed Li another chance to break and when the Russian went long with a backhand, Li led 3-2. She led 40-15 in the next game but Sharapova unloaded some ferocious winners to reach break point. Li recovered to move within sight of the finish line, break-

ing again for 5-2. Li lost her first match point by hooking wide a forehand, but she then polished off the upset victory as Sharapova finished with a ruinous 32 unforced errors. Meanwhile, defending champion Novak Djokovic produced one of the best performances of his career Thursday as he destroyed fourth seed David Ferrer in straight sets to reach the Australian Open final. The Serbian world number one was simply on a different level to the Spaniard, reeling off a staggering 6-2, 6-2, 6-1 victory in just 1hr 29min in front of a stunned Rod Laver Arena crowd. Djokovic will now be considered the raging favorite to win his fourth Australian title in Sunday’s decider against either Roger Federer or Andy Murray, who play their semifinal on Friday. Djokovic was in irresistible form, breaking the hapless Ferrer ’s serve seven times and hitting 30 winners with just 16 unforced errors in an awesome display. “I played incredible tennis and I felt very comfortable and very confident from the start,” Djokovic said. “I

Pak offers insurance to foreign cricketers K ARACHI —The head of of the Pakistan Cricket Board Pakistan’s cricket board Thurs- (PCB), said they were ready to

P ESHAWAR—Higher Educa- day offered foreign players in- offer insurance to any player tion Commission and Police secured victories as PAF and PTV played 1-1 draw in the ongoing 4th National Tray Hockey Championship being played here at Lala Ayub Hockey Stadium on Thursday. Vice President Pakistan Hockey Federation and former Inspector General of Police Muhammad Saeed Khan was the chief guest on this occasion and before the start of the after match between PAF and PTV the players were introduced to him. Organizing Secretary Syed Zahir Shah and large number of spectators were also present and witnessed the matches. So far Police was leading the groups with three matches and won three, PAF and PTV struggling at second. Three teams have to qualify for the upper grade out of the Tray Hockey Championship.—APP

surance worth $2 million and up to $100,000 tax free income in a bid to lure them to join the troubled country’s new Tw e n t y 2 0 league. The world professional cricketers’ union has warned players against taking part in the Pakistan Super League (PSL), due to start in March, because of the “unmanageable” security risk. Pakistan is struggling with a homegrown Islamist insurgency and suffers bombings and shootings on an almost daily basis. No international cricket has been played in the country since militants attacked the Sri Lankan team bus during a Test match in Lahore in 2009. Zaka Ashraf, the chairman

wishing to tour the country. “It’s extra security and optional for the players if they want to take it for the satisfaction of their families,” Ashraf told AFP. “It will be worth two million dollars and above all tax free income for all.” Ashraf said he was determined to revive home internationals, but the PCB faces a tough challenge. Twice in the past 12 months Bangladesh have agreed to a tour only to dash Pakistani hopes by changing their minds due to security fears. Players stand to earn between $25,000 and $100,000 for taking part in the two-week tournament under the wage structure the PCB announced on Wednesday.—AFP

wanted to be aggressive on the court but this is definitely one of the best performances I’ve ever had in my career.” The manner of Djokovic’s mauling of Ferrer, set to become the new world number four after Rafael Nadal’s injury absence, underlined the gulf between the ‘Big Four’ — Djokovic, Federer, Murray and Nadal — and the rest. “David is experiencing the best time in his career in the last few years, he won 11 titles last year, but tonight I just played incredible,” Djokovic said. “I don’t expect myself to play always this well, but I was free in my mind tonight and hopefully I can maintain that to the final.” It is Djokovic’s fourth Australian Open final in six years and he is looking to become the first man in the Open era to win three con- MELBOURNE: China’s Li Na serves to Maria Sharapova of Russia in their Semi-final secutive Australian titles. By reaching the semi-finals Djokovic is already guaranteed to hold on to the number one ranking when the new listing is released on Monday. It was 30-year-old Ferrer’s fifth loss in a Grand Slam semiHOBART (Australia)—Man- 74 in Brisbane. The tourists final and his defeat by of-the-match Phil Hughes hit had also looked favourites to Djokovic was only his second SPORTS REPORTER his second one-day interna- win the fourth leg before a in 14 matches this year.—AFP P ESHAWA R —The 17 day- tional century to pull Austra- rain wash-out in Sydney on long Inter-Agency Cricket lia level after the fifth and fi- Sunday. In Hobart, the Sri Lankan Tournament arranged by the nal match of the series attack tied up replacement security forces concluded against Sri Lanka. The diminutive left- captain George Bailey as the here on Thursday. A final ceremony in this hander cracked 138 off 154 overs went by. Hughes had a let-off with connection was held at Val- balls to help Australia post a ley Charmang of Nawagi winning total of 247 for five a mis-hit that rolled onto his stumps but failed to remove sub-division which was at- after being put in to bat. the bails. That seemed to Hughes, who became the tended by large number of first Australian to score a spark him into life and a spectators from the different WELLINGTON—New century on his ODI debut in steady 50 came up off 82. Zealand Women won com- parts of the agency, tribal el- the first game in Melbourne, Thisara Perera broke the fortably against Australia ders, and members of local nonetheless admitted he Hughes-Bailey partnership peace committees. Women to take the T20 inof 60 off 100 balls when he Senior officials of the ad- found the going hard. ternational series 2-1. “I know if you do get in caught and bowled the latter ministration and the security Australia were asked to it’s something I pride myself for 17 off 43 balls. bat, and they managed a forces including Assistant on, to get that three-figure Hughes was repaid handPolitical Agent Bajaur, Wing competitive score thanks to mark,” he said. “When I got somely for his gritty paCommander 34 Frontier Jess Cameron’s 48, off 34 to 50-60 I was finding it tough tience in the final overs, balls including four fours Force Regiment readers’ bat- to score, but I got a few at adding a towering six to his talion, Col Ahmad Ali were and two sixes. 13 fours. the back end.” There was support from also present on the occasion. David Hussey tried to Playing his last game as Twenty best team of the Lisa Sthalekar, who made an captain, Sri Lankan skipper stay with him but Perera ran agency were participated in unbeaten 24, and Australia Mahela Jayawardene sprung him out off his own bowling reached 134 for 5. The pick the tournament and the final some surprises in fine going for an invisible run. of the cricket tournament was of the bowlers for New All-rounder Glenn Maxweather at the Bellerive Oval. Zealand was Morna won by Sharif Khana Cricket He won the toss and put well threw the bat and was club after a close contest while Nielson, who conceded just Australia in to bat on what duly caught at extra cover off nine runs in her four overs. Lovi Johar Cricket association looked a good wicket and Lasith Malinga for 9. remained runner-up New Zealand’s successSri Lanka faced a required Addressing the closing threw off-spinner Tillakaratne ful chase was set up by a run rate of 4.94 an over but Dilshan the new ball. ceremony, Wing Commander century opening stand beIt was unorthodox but he tween Lucy Doolan and cap- 34 Frontier Force regiment read- was quickly rewarded with tain Suzie Bates, who struck ers battalion, Col Ahmad Ali three maidens and an early 10 fours in her 67, brought who was the chief guest wicket. off 44 balls. Though both fell stressed the importance of proDilshan found some un- Australia innings: in quick succession after viding healthy recreational fa- expected grip and stunned Wade lbw b Kulasekara 23 adding 101, the rest ensured cilities to the youth of the David Warner, who pushed DA Warner b Dilshan ... 10 the target was successfully agency to keep them positively an outside edge onto off- PJ Hughes not out ...... 138 achieved with 11 balls to engaged and reverse the trend stump with the score on 31. Bailey c & b Perera ....... 17 of militancy among them. spare.—Online Warner made 10 off 18 balls. Hussey run out ............. 34 There was little or no Maxwell c Thirimanne swing for Nuwan b Malinga ......................... 9 Kulasekara, who won the MC Henriques not out ... 9 player of the series award af- Extras: (lb 2, w 5) ............. 7 ter swinging the ball prodi- Total: (5 wickets) ......... 247 giously in Brisbane and Fall of wickets 1-31, 2-37, 3Sydney, but he had Matthew 97, 4-195, 5-218 -they are very good indeed, “Unknowns come Wade out lbw for 23 after Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W Dilshan ................. 7-3-22-1 so I put my money on South along and play well. But missing a straight one. Australia, missing skip- Kulasekara ......... 10-1-57-1 Africa,” former England the fact is, when you are Opener said. “I like Pakistan playing with the best per Michael Clarke who Mathews .............. 7-0-44-0 , I like the fact that whatever seam-bowling side in the failed a late fitness test on a SL Malinga ......... 10-1-49-1 trouble they have, whatever world, that’s going to be twisted ankle, looked in Herath ................. 10-2-34-0 happens, if they are fighting tough. Especially in their trouble again with two wick- Perera .................... 6-0-39-1 Sri Lanka innings: among themselves, or poli- own backyard. The ets down for 37. c Starc Sri Lanka had seized a 2- Jayawardene pitches here are a little bit b Doherty ....................... 38 1 lead in the series on Friday, quicker than in Pakistan.” c Wade b bowling out Australia for just Dilshan he asserted. “Remember, Pakistan pitches are a bit like Indian pitches. They don’t turn much in Pakistan. But in terms of the pace, or lack of pace, or the lower bounce, that’s what they have in Pakistan. It’s easier to play the seamers and the newness goes off the ball quicker.” most started” moving toBIPIN DANI he maintained. wards the pavillion and that However, he said the OBSERVER was the spirit shown by newness does not go off CORRESPONDENT him”. the ball so easily in South The 6"-7" Steven Finn’s M UMBAI —Suresh Raina’s Africa. And if you play in family says it was Suresh’s right knee colided with the Cape Town or bails at the time of delivery. day yesterday. Johannesburg, the ball “Luckily the umpire deSpeaking from his resiwhistles through. You’ve dence in Uttar Pradesh, clared him (Suresh) not out got a Test at Cape Town, Suresh Raina’s elder and we became happy”, he for sure. The ball carries, brother, Dinesh says, “we added. it carries higher, and it deUnder law 23 (4) (b) (vi) , were sad and disappointed tickmands better footwork, when Suresh’s catch was the ball was declared dead by ing, or what have you, particularly on the back held by captain Alastair the umpire. switching captains, there are foot, and this is what will “Our entire family saw the Cook at first slip when he always some young kids with test the Pakistan batsmen was on 42. Suresh had “al- match and happy to see talent who come along. more than ever”.—APP

Sharif Khana Cricket Club win FC Inter-Agency Cricket tournament

Bates leads New Zealand to win T20 Series

‘Pakistan’s batsmen could be decisive factor’ KARACHI—Pakistan’s bats- Steyn is the best bowler in few balls to hit. men holds the key in the three Test match series against South Africa, former England batting great Geoff Boycott said in a website report published on Thursday. “Can Pakistan’s batsmen hold back the seamers of South Africa? That’s where the crux is,” he said in his comments. “It’s not Pakistan’s bowlers against the South African batsmen. The South African batsmen are good there’s Kallis, Amla, Smith, there’s AB de Villiers, who is a fabulous player as well. But it is not that would worry me if I was in Pakistan,” he said. He was referring a question that can Pakistan’s bowlers, the likes of Junaid Khan and Saeed Ajmal, can hold back South Africa’s run machine of Amla, Kallis, and Smith. “Can Pakistan’s batsmen bat against the best seam-bowling attack in the world? They are definitely going to come at Pakistan really strong. They have also got reserves. Morne Morkel is bowling well, Dale

the world, and the guy who is injured at the moment picks up wickets every time he bowls,” he added. Commenting Vernon Philander, Geoff Boycott said: “Where the hell has he been

“Pakistan have got to get runs That’s the key - the South African seamers against the Pakistan batting, Not the other way around. South Africa’s bowling is the best in the world, by far.

at the Australian Open.

Australia beat Sri Lanka to square ODI series Jayawardene looked on song, driving two early boundaries. The tourists had cruised to 50 off 10 overs when the skipper, on 38, inexplicably chipped Xavier Doherty to Mitchell Starc at mid-on. A mini-collapse ensued as Lahiru Thirimanne lofted Doherty to a grateful David Hussey at long-on. The spinner then clean-bowled Dinesh Chandimal for six. Australia stifled the Sri Lankans for long periods and as the required run rate climbed, the tourists started to look desperate. Stand-in keeper Kushal Perera went trying to hit out as the required rate topped 10 an over. He was caught by Warner off Mitchell Johnson for 14. Potential future captain Angelo Mathews finally found some timing and the boundary, ably supported by Jeevan Mendis. But medium-pacer Moises Henriques bowled Mendis for 26 and dismissed Mathews for 67 with the score still on 187 and seven wickets down.—AFP

Henriques ....................... 19 Thirimanne c Hussey b Doherty ......................... 1 Chandimal b Doherty ..... 6 Mathews b Johnson ..... 67 Perera b Johnson .......... 14 Mendis b Henriques .... 26 Perera b Henriques ......... 7 Kulasekara not out ....... 14 Herath b McKay ............. 2 Malinga c Johnson b McKay .............................. 2 Extras: (lb 12, w 6, nb 1) 19 Total: (all out) .............. 215 Fall of wickets 1-57, 2-62, 371, 4-77, 5-108, 6-187, 7-187, 8-195, 9-200, 10-215 Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W CJ McKay ......... 9.3-0-51-2 MA Starc .............. 9-0-48-0 Johnson .............. 10-0-45-2 Doherty ................ 8-1-21-3 Henriques ........... 10-1-32-3 GJ Maxwell ............. 2-0-6-0

True spirit of the game was shown by Suresh Raina, says his family

all our lives? He just gets hold of the ball, it just goes a little bit out, a little bit in, it swings a little bit, he nips it around at pace, gives very

He believed that Philander would be a cracker-jack bowler in any era, any period, any team, let me tell you. The other two aren’t behind

Suresh winning the Man of the Match award on Wednesday. After a long time, he won this award”, he added. “Our victory was the entire team effort and we can’t forget the contribution made by Rohit Sharma in this match”, he added. Rainas’ father, Trilok Chand is a retired army officer and mother, Pravesh is a housewife. The eight yearelder brother Dinesh is a school teacher.


Eating disorders effect vegetarian teens at a higher rate

T

HE practice of vegetarianism involves eating a diet that excludes meat, fish, and poultry, while a variation of the vegetarian diet, known as the vegan diet, also excludes eggs, dairy products, and honey. Following a properly planned vegetarian diet can fulfill the nutritional needs of people of any age and can even significantly lower risks of cancer and heart disease, as well as other diseases. However, vegetarianism has become increasingly popular among teens for various reasons and may put them at greater risk for the development of serious eating disorders. A study published last year in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association revealed that while young adult vegetarians were less likely to be overweight than non-vegetarians, about 20 to 25 percent of current and former vegetarians demonstrated unhealthy behaviors for weight control. Among the harmful practices were the use of diet pills, and symptoms of eating disorders, such as regurgitation, the use of laxatives and diuretics, as well as binge eating. Lead researcher Ramona RobinsonO’Brien, assistant professor in the Nutrition Department at the College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University advised, “Clinicians and nutrition professionals providing guidance to young vegetarians might consider the potential benefits associated with a healthful vegetarian diet, [but also] recognize the possibility of increased risk of disordered eating behaviors.”

During the study, called Project EAT-II: Eating Among Teens, the researchers analyzed data collected on 2,516 participants including teens and young adults. Participants were grouped according to whether they were current, former, or non-vegetarians and each group was split into two subgroups: ages 15 to 18 and ages 19 to 23. The majority of the vegetarians in the study were female. The participants were questioned about whether or not they had experienced symptoms of eating disorders: binge-eating, loss of control of eating habits, or extreme weight-control behaviors. Approximately 21 percent of former vegetarian teens admitted to having used unhealthy weight-control behaviors, compared to only 10 percent of non-vegetarian teens. Among the young adults, extreme weight control measures had been used by 27 percent of former vegetarians, 16 percent of current vegetarians, and 15 percent of those never having been vegetarians. The study also showed that binge eating and loss of control over eating habits were reported by 21 percent of the teen vegetarians as well as 16 percent of former vegetarians, compared to only 4 percent non-vegetarians. For the young adults, 18 percent of vegetarians reported binge eating and loss of control compared to 9 percent of former vegetarians and only 5 percent of non-vegetarians. Robinson-O’Brien said that although teens may view vegetarianism as a healthy option, they could also be motivated by potential weight loss.

KARACHI: A beautifully view of the shrine of Bukhari Shah, decorated with lights in connection with Eid Milad-un-Nabi.

SHCBA, KBA delegation visits Khursheed Begum Secretariat

Holy Prophet (PBUH) teachings call to honour human beings STAFF REPORTER

KARACHI—A delegation of the K A

Sindh High Court Bar Association (SHCBA) and Karachi Bar Association (KBA) visited Khursheed Begum Secretariat and met members of the Co-ordination Committee of the MQM. According to a statement here on Thursday the delegation included SHCBA President Mustafa Lakhani, General Secretary Asghar Farooqi, newlyelected president of KBA Naeem Qureshi, vice-president Chaudhry Saeeduz Zaman and other members. The delegation thanked Altaf Hussain and the MQM for extending support in the elections for SHCBA and KBA. They said that the legal community supports the positive efforts being made by the MQM for promoting religious and sectarian harmony and progress of the country. Members of the Coordination Committee including KARACHI: Chief Justice of Libyan Supreme Court Kamal D A Dhaan called on Speaker Shahid Latif and Gulfaraz welcomed the delegation. Sindh Assembly Nisar Ahmad Khuhro on Thursday. They praised the services rendered by the legal community for making selfless efforts for the rule of law and promotion of democracy in the country.They assured their full co-operation in solving the problems of the legal community.—APP K ARACHI — Speaker Sindh the nomination of the Opposi- comprises the majority because tion has not been signed by the the Opposition’s total strength is Assembly Nisar Ahmed Khuhro on Thursday said that the ma- Parliamentary leaders of the re- 25. The nomination of any candidate for the leader of the Opjority of the opposition members spective party. Two applications have been position by the majority memis required for appointment of the Opposition leader in the As- received for appointment of the bers is awaited, he added Opposition leader in the SA, one He said the process to apsembly. He pointed out that there are from the PML-Q (Like-minded) point the leader of the Opposi24 members in the Opposition while other from Functional- tion has been defined in the KARACHI—Ustad Muhammad benches in the Provincial As- League, the Speaker SA said. Rules of Procedures of the Na- Jumman Music Gallery has been He said the PML-Q (Like- tional Assembly after passage of established at Sindh Museum sembly. 10 members of the Opposition has submitted the ap- minded) has moved the applica- the 18th Constitutional Amend- Hyderabad. A statement here on Thursplication from the PML-F to tion to appoint Dr. Arbab ment. The Rules of the business appoint the MPA Nusrat Seher Ghulam Rahim as the Opposi- in the Provincial Assembly of day said that the Gallery would Abbasi as the Opposition leader. tion leader whereas the House Sindh have yet not been updated be inaugurated on January 29. He added two of these 10 has de-seated Dr. Arbab Ghulam and now the Speaker is not Sindh Minister for Culture, Ms. members, one belongs of NPP Rahim and the matter is this re- bound to give any time frame for Sassui Palejo, will perform the appointment of the Opposition inauguration.Tributes would be and other one to ANP, who are gard is subjuidice. paid to Ustad Jumman by the Nisar Ahmed Khuhro said Leader in the SA, he added. not the Parliamentary leader of the application to appoint MPA The Speaker SA said that the speakers at the inaugural certheir respective parties. Talking to media at the Nusrat Seher Abbasi as the Sindh Law Ministry has already emony.—APP Sindh Assembly, Nisar Ahmed Leader of the Opposition has been asked to update The Rules Khuhro said the question about been inked by the 10 members of the business in the Provincial floor crossing can be arisen, if of the Opposition, who do not Assembly of Sindh.—NNI

Opposition has no majority to choose leader in assembly: Khuhro

Jumman Music Gallery to be opened on Jan 29

BISP certificate distribution ceremony

R A C H I — Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) formulated such a society which guarantees respect and honour of the human being and complete security to their lives and property. This was stated by Sindh Governor Dr. Ishrat-ul- Ebad Khan, in his message on Eid-eMilad-un-Nabi (PBUH) here on Thursday. He said that it is incumbent upon us to act on the teachings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and follow his foot-

prints to prove our love, submission and link to him.He said the teachings and living style of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) provide a complete code of life for the entire humanity. Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) is the blessing for the world and a great teacher for the mankind, he added. He said the revolution brought by the Prophet (PBUH) has remarkably reformed the human civilization and does not need any introduction. He said the religion intro-

duced by Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) basically gives the message of peace, tranquility and security to the entire humanity. He said we should spread the spirit tolerance and forbearance as shown by the Holy Prophet (PBUH).The Governor said that our Holy Prophet (PBUH) promoted natural equality instead of racial pride and discrimination.He said the message of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) is ever-lasting and is the most beneficial for reforming the society in all times.

Violence against women declines KARACHI —A 12 percent decrease has been registered in the cases of violence against women (VAW) in 2012, said Shireen Aijaz Khan of Aurat Foundation’s monitoring cell on Thursday. Sharing details of the cases with media and said a total of 7516 VAW cases were reported from all over the country in 2012 as compared to 8539 cases reported in 2011; 8000 in 2010; 8548 in 2009 and 7571 in 2008. “The statistics this year are

the lowest we have seen in the past five years,” she added. “This may, however, be due to a decrease in registration as well as reporting of such cases as the media was often overloaded with other news of violence and political instability seen particularly during 2012,” she elaborated. Shireen Aijaz also said Aurat Foundation (AF) has been monitoring the cases of violence against women in Pakistan since 2008 and as a part

of its continuous efforts to highlight the issue and its manifestations, it has also launched four reports on violence against women so far. She said in reply to a question,the 2012 annual report with a detailed analysis is due to be released in February 2013. Discussing the cases registered in 2012, Shireen said out of the total 7515 number of cases, 4753 were reported from Punjab.—APP

Minister says health facilities being strengthened STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Sindh Minister for

Health, Dr. Sagheer Ahmed has said that with the help of donor friends, steps are being taken to further strengthen the health facilities throughout the Province. This he said at the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signing ceremony of Jacobabad Institute of Medical Sciences (JIMS) between Sindh Government and USAID here on Thursday. The MoU was signed by Secretary Health Aftab Ahmed Khatri and Deputy Mission Director USAID Leon Waskin. Dr. Sagheer further said that USAID would provide US $ 10 million for the project which is expected to be completed in two years time. Sindh governemnt would also provide Rs. 478 million for residential complex for doctor, para-medical and other staff, he said adding that Sindh Government would also bear recurring cost of the hospital. Dr. Sagheer pointed out that a bill for JIMS would soon be tabled in Sindh Assembly to provide legal cover to the Institute. He lauded the service of USAID in provision of health care facilities to the masses of the provKARACHI: Members of Clean Clothes Campaign addressing a press conference regarding ince specially the health care of Baldia Town factory fire incident. mothers and children.

AKU teams serve measles affected districts K ARACHI— In the wake of trict Sukkur, the team observed ents should keep the affected this must be complimented by

KARACHI—Waseela-e-Rozgar measles outbreak, Sindh being that factors contributing to the child away from other chil- a high quality measles vacVocational & Technical Training Certificate ceremony was held at Arena Karachi on Thursday, where successful beneficiaries who have completed their trainings in different trades (Electrician, Boutique, Plumber, Computer operator etc) in all over the Sindh region under Benazir Income Support Programme certificates were given. Sadiq Memon , Minister STEVTA was the chief guest of the ceremony, Zafarullah Khan Soomro, DG BISP Sindh and other officials/officers of BISP, Ektaraa International Organization and principals , teachers of Vocational Training Institutes KARACHI: An Armoured Personnel Carrier vehicle standing outside a house in Manghopir of all over the Sindh particiarea after a hand grenade attack. One man was killed and two others injured in the incident. pated.—NNI

the hardest hit province, a four-member team from the Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University (AKU), was rushed to the measles affected areas in Sukkur, Ghotki and Khairpur districts, and assisted the local administration. The team led by the pediatrician, Dr. Ali Faisal Saleem, worked closely with local administrators, physicians, nurses and vaccinators to optimise management of children with measles at public hospitals and health centres. During their 10-day stay in the hard-hit areas, including Taluka Saleh Pat of Dis-

high death rates were included inadequate supplies of medicines, shortage of measles vaccine and medical staff, high prevalence of malnutrition, and frequent electricity failures. “During our interactions with families, we advised them to visit a doctor immediately if their child develops fever with rash or suspected measles,” said the doctor in a session with journalists on Thursday. Initial symptoms, which usually appear 10-12 days after infection, include high fever, runny nose, bloodshot eyes, and tiny white spots on the inside of the mouth. “Since measles is a highly contagious viral disease, par-

dren, especially those who are less than one year old,” said Dr. Saleem. He reiterated that the best prevention is two doses of measles vaccine, the first at 9 months and the second between 12 and 24 months. Commenting on the outbreak, Dr. Anita Zaidi, Chair, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, AKU, said it was shameful that in this day and age, children were dying of measles, a disease easily prevented by vaccines. Investing to improve routine immunisations with two doses of measles vaccine for every child, she said. Dr. Anita Zaidi said that

cine campaigns every two year with appropriate monitoring to prevent this disaster from ever happening again. According to WHO, there is no specific treatment for measles and most people had recovered within two-three weeks. However, particularly in malnourished children and people with reduced immunity, measles can cause serious complications, including blindness, encephalitis, severe diarrhoea, ear infection and pneumonia. The AKU team has emphasised the need for nutritional rehabilitation programmes at the hospitals in the affected areas.—APP


Jet device injects drugs without needles T HE prospect of less painful medicine shots without needles came a step closer this month, as US researchers revealed how they have developed a device that delivers a controlled, tiny, high-pressure jet into the skin without using a hypodermic needle.While there are already several jet-devices on the market, they tend to be of an “all or nothing” design that delivers the same amount of drug to the same depth each time. However the new jet-injection device that researchers at MIT have engineered can be programmed to deliver medicine into the skin in a range of doses to variable depths in a controlled manner. A statement released earlier this week gives details of the new technology, with comments from study leader Ian Hunter, the George N. Hatsopoulos Professor of Mechanical Engineering at MIT, and some members of his team. Earlier this year, the journal Medical Engineering & Physics also published a paper where they describe the progress of their development. One advantage is a reduction in needle-stick injuries. For instance, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are around 385,000 cases a year in the US of health workers in hospitals accidentally pricking themselves with needles. Another advantage of a needle-less device is it may help improve compliance, for instance among diabetes patients who are reluctant to use hypodermic needles to inject themselves

with insulin. Team member Catherine Hogan is a research scientist in MIT’s Department of Mechanical Engineering. She said: “If you are afraid of needles and have to frequently self-inject, compliance can be an issue.” “We think this kind of technology ... gets around some of the phobias that people may have about needles,” she added. Scientists have been working for some time to find alternatives to the hypodermic needle. For instance, nicotine patches are one example of how to release drugs through the skin. But there is a limit to the size of the molecule you can use in a patch: it has to be small enough to pass through the pores of the skin, which rules out larger protein-based drugs, for instance, which are increasing in use. A jet injector device delivers a high-velocity jet that penetrates the skin. But while these are commercially available, many have spring-loaded designs, they are all limited by the fact they deliver the same amount of drug each time to the same depth of skin. But thanks partly to a “custom high-stroke linear Lorentz-force motor that is feed-back controlled during the time-course of an injection”, the MIT jet injector can deliver a range of doses to variable depth in a highly controlled manner. The feed-back control aspect of it allows the device to react in “real time” and adjust itself accordingly to meet the programmed instruction.

Holy Prophet (PBUH) blessing for entire universe: Shahbaz SALIM AHMED L AHORE —Chief Minister

Punjab Shahbaz Sharif has said “Allah Almighty has sent the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) as a blessing for the entire universe.” “Teachings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) are a source of light and guidance for the whole mankind,” he said and adding that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) gave a just system to the humanity. In his message on the occasion of Mid Milad, Shahbaz Sharif said “We can achieve success in this world and the hereafter by following the golden principles of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) and transform our country into a real welfare society.” He said “Muslim Ummah can regain its lost glory by following the golden principles of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and play a leading role in the comity of nations.” Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that on the sacred occasion of the birth anniversary of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) there is a need to perform our own accountability in all seriousness. He said we would have to follow the golden principles of Holy Prophet (PBUH) and adopt service to humanity and sacrifice as our motto. He said we would have to play our leading role to unite Muslims, otherwise history would never forgive us. He called upon Ulema to play their vigorous role in eradication of sectarianism and bringing Pakistan out of difficulties. He was addressing Provincial Seerat Conference held under the auspices of Provincial Auqaf Department at Alhamra, here today which was also attended by Senior Advisor Sardar Zulfiqar Ali Khan Khosa, Secretary Auqaf, Chairman Ulema Board Pir Amin-ul-Hasnat, Maulana Raghib Naeemi, former Member British Parliament Ch. Muhammad Sarwar and Ulema and Mashaikh from all schools of thought. Speaking LAHORE: An illuminated view of decorated City Railways station building with colourful on the occasion, Muhammad lights on the eve of Eid Milad-un-Nabi (PBUH) celebrations. Shahbaz Sharif said that we have gathered here today to celebrate the birthday of the Holy Prophet (PBUH), for whom the whole universe came into being. He said every Muslim is prepared to lay down his life for Holy Prophet (PBUH). He said we can achieve success in this

60,000 cops to perform security duties on Eid Milad

LAHORE—About 60,000 secu- curity cover to more than ul-Nabi (PBUH). rity officials, including policemen and officials, from the Punjab Constabulary, and Qaumi Razakar will be deployed for security duties in the province on Eid Milad-ul-Nabi (PBUH). It was decided in a highlevel meeting presided over by Acting Inspector General of Police (IGP) Punjab Khan Baig at the Central Police Office here on Wednesday to review security arrangements on Eid Miladul-Nabi (PBUH). Police would provide se-

Ghaibana Namaze-Janaza offered L AHORE —Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) workers offered ‘ghaibana Namaz-eJanaza’ funeral prayers in absentia of PML-N leader Mian Taimur and his father Mian Arbab here in front of the Governor’s House on Thursday. Later, the PML-N workers held a protest demonstration and chanted slogans against the killers of PML-N leaders. The protest as well as the prayers were attended by PMLN leaders Pervez Malik, Khawaja Imran Nazir, Ramazan Siddiq Bhatti, Mohsin Latif and dozens of women workers. They demanded arrest of culprits involved in the double murder at the earliest. It may be mentioned that PML-N’s Mian Taimur and his father were shot in Karachi two days back by unidentified gunmen riding a motorcycle.—APP

1,469 processions and 1,249 Mahafil-e-Milad to be held all over the province. At least 18 additional platoons from the Punjab Constabulary would also be deployed on duties as per the requests made by different districts of the province. The IGP has also directed to all RPOs and DPOs to ensure proper security arrangements in their respective districts in the light of recommendations given by the CPO and the Home Department regarding Eid Milad-

On this occasion, the IGP underlined that all events and processions related to Eid Milad would not only be monitored but also participants should be scanned through the metal detectors at the entry and exit points. The IGP directed the RPOs and DPOs to evolve a special traffic plan in their respective districts to maintain smooth flow of traffic besides providing safe passage to the participants on routes of events and processions.—APP

CNG stations to remain opened on Eid Milad LAHORE—All CNG stations of

the province will remain opened on Eid Milad-un-Nabi (SAWW) (Friday) for 24 hours. According to a spokesman for Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL), gas supply to all CNG stations of Sheikhupura, Sahiwal, Multan, Gujranawala, Gujrat, Faisalabad, Sargodha, Rawalpindi and Bahawalpur regions will carry on for 24 hours from January 25 (6am) to January 26 (6am). Capt (retd) Shuja Anwer, All Pakistan CNG Association Punjab special events are arranged to pay Chapter president, lauded the dehomage to Holy Prophet Hazrat cision of the SNGPL to facilitate Mohammad (peace be upon him). people in the province.—APP She said that Muslims are facing numerous problems and challenges today that can only be resolved by following teachings of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him). “Teachings STAFF REPORTER and practices of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) hold significance for LAHORE—Pakistan Railways Muslims of every age. We as a (PR) has restored 16 passenger Muslims cannot succeed in this trains, including Karachi Exlife and life hereafter without fol- press. lowing the teachings of Holy These trains were suspended Prophet Hazrat Muhammad temporarily over lack of diesel. (peace be upon him). General Manager Railways, LCWU is focusing to educate Junaid Qureshi informed the and guide girls to be positive and media representatives that PR vibrant in every field of life and have purchased fuel from local empower themselves in the light market, therefore, the trains susof sayings of Hazrat Muhammad pended on Wednesday would be (peace be upon him) ” she added. restored from Thursday.

Mehfil-e-Milad at LCWU MUZAFFAR ALI LAHORE—Lahore College for Women University (LCWU) organized Mehfil-e-Milad and seminar on Seerat ul Nabi in connection with the holy month of Rabiul-Awal in the Auditorium on Thursday. Students Naat khwans of different departments paid homage to Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him). Vice Chancellor Dr. Sabiha Mansoor was the chief guest while Professor Dr. Mehmood ul Hasan and Junaid Ghaznvi participated as guest of honour. The Mehfil-e-Milad started with recitation of verses from Holy Qura’an. Speaking on the occasion, Vice Chancellor Dr. Sabiha Mansoor said the holy month of Rabi-ul-Awal holds special significance for Muslims and

16 passenger trains restored

LAHORE: Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif addressing Seerat-un-Nabi (SAW) Conference organized by Auqaf and Religious Affairs Department at Alhamra. world and the world hereafter by unity, we have come down to tacks are being made on end would be seen by the whole following the teachings of Holy such level, that Aghyaar look mosques, Imam Barghas and world. He said there is still time to save the country. He said if Prophet (PBUH). He said Holy upon us with hatred. He said we Khanqahs. Prophet (PBUH) gave us eter- have forgotten our dignity and He said Holy Prophet we believe in one religion, one nal message of sacrifice, good honour and have bowed our (PBUH) gave a global message Holy Prophet (PBUH) and one behaviour, tolerance, unity, love heads before Aghyaar. He said of love and sacrifice, but we are Book then why are we divided and brotherhood but it has been we do not agree to solve even cutting our own necks while in- into various sects. He said Paforgotten by Muslims. He said, those problems on which the nocent blood is being spilled in kistan can never be turned into if we follow Misaq-e-Madina, whole nation has consensus. Do streets. The Chief Minister ap- a country as was envisioned by followers of all religions can live we deserve to be called true fol- pealed to the Ulema to promote Qauid-e-Azam and Allama peacefully under the law. lowers of Holy Prophet (PBUH) unity among the Muslims and to Iqbal, without hard work, honHe said Pakistan, which was or real Pakistanis? He said in- play their effective role in bring- esty and continuous struggle. Provincial Minister for to become an Islamic welfare ternal and external elements are ing the country out of present state, is being subjected to kill- conspiring to dismember the crises by creating mutual broth- Auqaf Haji Ehsan-ud-Din Qureshi presented welcome adings, corruption and loot and country, and there is a great re- erhood and tolerance. plunder. He said the whole coun- sponsibility on Ulema and The Chief Minister said that dress and said that Eid Miladtry is in facing lawlessness, but Mashaikh to save the country. Holy Prophet (PBUH) gave un-Nabi enjoins Muslims to perunfortunately, the killers and the He said, if Ulema and Misaq-e-Madina which has been form accountability of their inkilled both are Muslims. He said Mashaikh did not play their collectively implemented only dividual and collective lives. few days ago, innocent persons leading role in saving the coun- by the West. He said every child Prizes for books written on of Hazara community were try, history would never forgive in the West gets milk, while ev- Seerat-un-Nabi and Naats were killed with such brutality which them. He appealed to Ulema to ery person there sleeps at night also given during the ceremony. was even beyond an enemy. Did play their due role in creating without any worry. He said, in they not believe in one God, one unity in Muslim Ummah and to the West, every person has free Holy Prophet (PBUH), one Re- end sectarianism otherwise we facility of education and mediligion and One Book? He said would not even be mentioned in cal care, besides employment, the fire in which Sindh, Karachi, the pages of history. He said but in Pakistan, education and Quetta and Khybar Paktunkhwa Pakistan came into being in the healthcare is only for the are now burning has shaken the name of Islam, therefore there wealthy, whereas poor persons foundations of the country. He is no justification for killing of die without any medical aid. He regretted that bloodbath is be- the innocent in the name of reli- said these are those questions STAFF REPORTER ing enacted in the country in the gion. He said it is our bad luck which have to be answered. name of Islam and Pakistan is that we are roaming in the world Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif LAHORE—As many as 65 stuburning in its own fire. with a begging bowl and the said if we follow the teachings dents hailing from 17 various He said Aghyaar do not people do not have basic ameni- of Holy Prophet (PBUH), we universities of the country along leave any opportunity to defame ties while members of aristoc- can solve our problems, and if with their bunch of teachers went Muslims because of our weak- racy have all the luxuries. He we remain divided on sectarian to India via Wagah border on nesses and because of our dis- said bomb blasts and suicide at- and religious lines, our horrible Thursday to participate in a convention organized by Indian National Architecture Association. Students from the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) are going to participate in this convention. The Pakistani delegation comprising male and female students belonging to architecturing departments were enthusiastic and fervent to visit India at a time when tension escalated on the borders of the both the countries. Talking to media representatives, they said students of the SAARC countries would discuss various themes including peace and harmony, nature and non-violence, environment and poverty. Female students were excited about their trip to India and that it would help the students of both countries to understand each other’s history and culture. The Pakistani delegation will LAHORE: Students travelling on a overloaded school van at GT Road near Baghanpura. also go to New Delhi, Agra and other cities on educational tour.

Students’ team leave for India

Scientific symposium from Jan 30 STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—A two day Scientific Symposium, organized by Post Graduate Medical Institute, is going to commence on January, 30 at Lahore General Hospital. Senior professors will deliver special lectures while experts of medical field will read their research papers during the symposium. A poster Exhibition would also be arranged on this occasion with an idea to sensitize public about various diseases. This was announced by Prof. Anjam Habib Vohra, Principal Post Graduate Medical In-

stitute & Lahore General Hospital while addressing an inaugural session of training workshop about basic surgical skills. Prof. Agha Shibir Ali, Prof. Muhammad Iqbal, Associate Prof. Dr. Muhammad Zahid, faculty members and young doctors were present on this occasion. Prof. Anjam Habib Vohra said that as many as 14 pre workshops would be conducted in all the departments before symposium in order to train and mind making of the young doctors. He said that the symposium would not only update the

knowledge of the doctors but also set new traditions of research to find out the solution of medical problems. He said that medical science has made significance advancement in modern era and a number of incurable diseases have been overcome to save mankind through research. He said that the thirst of knowledge should never be satisfied as it plays pivotal role in medical advancements. Prof. Dr Muhammad Iqbal said on this occasion that young doctors should focus on surgery as it is very delicate and complicated process.


e-Papaer Jan 25, 2013