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Thai military detain Yingluck, disperse protests B ANGKOK — Thailand’s military rulers detained former Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra on Friday, a senior officer said, after summoning her for talks a day after the army overthrew her caretaker government in a coup. As the army moved to consolidate its grip on the country, its chief, General Prayuth Chan-ocha, set out his plans for the country, saying reforms were needed before an election. But some Thais defied martial law to protest against the takeover. Prayuth launched his coup after rival factions refused to give ground in a struggle for power between the royalist establishment and

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Indian consulate in Afghanistan attacked

FO favours Nawaz visit to India

Four gunmen killed AaT seems behind attack

I SLAMABAD —The Foreign

K ABUL —Gunmen armed with machine betan Border Police at the consulate held

guns and rocket-propelled grenades at- off the assault tacked an Indian Consulate in western Afghanistan on Friday, though its diplomatic staff escaped unharmed, police said. At least four gunmen opened fire on the consulate from a nearby building in STAFF REPORTER Herat, provincial police chief I S L A M A B A D —Pakistan Abdul Sami Qatra said. condemned the attack on Qatra said police and solIndian consulate in diers killed four assailants in Afghanistan’s western a gunbattle that saw the HERAT: Afghan military personnel take position at the scene of an attack on the Indian building catch fire as aucity of Herat on Friday consulate.—AFP and reiterated its stance thorities evacuated against terrorism in all neighbours. Syed Akbaruddin, a Continued on Page 7 spokesman for India’s Ministry of External Affairs, said a deployment of the paramilitary Indo-Ti-

Pakistan condemns

until Afghan forces arrived. He said all the Indians at the consulate were safe. “Our consulate and our diplomatic presence in Afghanistan have been under threat,’’ Akbaruddin told TimesNow TV, without elaborating. However, a group called Ansar al-Tawhid (AaT) that appears to be based in Afghanistan posted a video online May 17 that threatened India, according to the SITE Intelligence Group, which monitors extremist websites. Foreign embassies and consulates remain a favorite

PM: Uplift projects will usher in an era of prosperity Major parts of NW under curfew Approves funds for Bhasha, Dasu dams, motorways OBSERVER REPORT

PM opts for peace with India I SLAMABAD—The Prime Minister, Nawaz ................................................ Sharif, has directed to begin work on Geo: Let law take its course Lahore-Karachi Motorway project. ................................................ A high-level meeting with Prime MinisAnother feather in Shahbaz’ ter Nawaz Sharif in the Picture on cap chair in Islamabad on Friday approved Public Sector Development See Page 04 Programmes for the next financial year. The prime minister was told that the work on Lahore-Karachi motorway project would be started by end of the current year.

Speaking on the occasion, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said projects to be initiated under PSDP will create millions of job opportunities. He said, “we have embarked upon the road to progress and projects initiated by our government will usher the country in to an era of Back Page prosperity. The meeting approved the allocation for Construction of Diamer Bhasha Dam having generation capacity of 4500 MW, Dasu

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Forces destroy a number of militants hideouts TARIQ SAEED P ESHAWA R —As the curfew remained clamped in major parts of the North Waziristan agency where the Pakistan Army led security forces have been conducting selected operation for the last three days to purge the region of the alleged terrorists, tense calm prevailed on Friday with the security forces destroying a number of militants’ hideouts.

The PAF jet planes and the gunship helicopters, it may be recalled, had gone for incessant bombings on the militants positions in parts of North Waziristan agency on Wednesday wee hours mowing down at least 60 trouble makers and wounding 30 others after which a bloody clash between the security forces and the militants in the outskirts of Tehsil Mir Ali of NWA ensued where around a dozen more

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STAFF REPORTER Office has recommended to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to accept the Indian invitation to attend the oath-taking ceremony of premierelect Narendra Modi on May 26. The government is, however, yet to take a final decision on the invitation received on Wednesday. Mr Modi has invited the leaders of member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (Saarc) to the ceremony. The invitation for Mr Sharif has sparked a debate in the country on whether or not it should be accepted, particularly in view of strains in bilateral ties and non-acceptance of Pakistani invitation by Indian Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh in the past. “The Foreign Office has made the recommendation and the decision will most likely be in favour,” a senior diplomat at the FO told Dawn on Thursday. Explaining the position taken by the FO on the invitation, the official said: “It will be a mistake to let this opportunity go. We need to see beyond today.” Prime Minister Sharif had phoned Mr Modi to congratulate him on his party’s election victory and invited him to visit Pakistan after assuming office.

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Religious Minister announces names of 53,814 successful Hajj applicants Due to limited number of seats, he said the applicants to submit their machine readable passISLAMABAD—Minister for Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony Sardar Muhammad Yousaf intending pilgrims, who had submitted applica- port through their respective bank by June 10 Friday announced the names of 53,814 success- tions by 10:09 am on April 21, have been de- for onward visa applying process. He said the first Hajj flight would leave for ful applicants of Government Hajj Scheme se- clared as successful. He asked the successful Saudia from August, 27 (first lected on first come first Ziaqad). serve basis. To a question, he said the apAddressing a press plications bearing signatures of conference, he said the intwo bank officers and the applitending pilgrims, who had cant with proper time has been submitted applications by considered on first come irst 10:09 am on April 21 have serve basis. Giving details of apbeen declared successful. plications received from various They would soon be districts he said, as many as 486 sent intimated through letapplicants of AJK have been deters. clared successful from out of The quota was com1,373 applied. pleted within the first hour A total of 9,045 applications and nine minutes on the were received from Balochistan first day on April 21, which out of which 3,102 declared sucshows immense conficessful. Likewise, 1,135 applicants dence of the people on of Fata have been declared sucGovernment Hajj cessful from out of 2,963. SimiScheme.The applicants larly, 558 applicants of Gilgitcan check the status of Baltistan have been declared their applications by vissuccessful out of 1,792. iting From out of 28,934 applied He said a total of from Khyber Pakhtunkhaw, 11,021 127,586 applicants had have been declared successful. been received in 6,500 As many as 55,953 applied from branches of six banks. The Punjab - out of which 24,613 deapplications had been reclared successful. A total of 11,214 ceived from all 141 districts including Gilgit-Baltistan ISLAMABAD: Federal Minister for Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony, Sardar applicants of Sindh have been deand federally Administered Muhammad Yousaf addressing a press conference on Friday. Minister of State for Reli- clared successful from out of a total of 24,827 applied for Hajj.—APP gious Affairs Sahibzada Amin-ul-Hasnaat is also present. Tribal Areas (Fata).

Alpuri-Besham road to be completed by Dec: Aftab

Govt to lay ample network of highways across country I S L A M A B A D —Chairman National Highway Authority (NHA) Shahid Ashraf Tarar Friday said that the present governemnt was determined to lay a comprehensive network of highways across the country so that the industry, trade, tourism and agriculture get a boost and the country witnesses real progress. He expressed these views while presiding over the meeting of NHA’s Executive Board here,said a press release issued here. The Chairman said that exclusive weekly meetings were held to ensure timely completion of all ongoing projects in accordance with international standards. “Progress of NHA and welfare of its employees is his foremost responsibility, and he is also aiming to remove the shortcomings prevailing in this organization”, the Chairman added. Throwing light on NHA’s performance and achievements he said that this years,(ETTM) E-tolling system would be introduced which would be run on BOT basis and for which four companies had submitted their proposals. The participants of the meeting lauded the efforts of the Chairman NHA who was working diligently to bring improvement and efficiency in the organization. The agenda item discussed in the meeting included: Revised PC-I of Kolpur Bypass Road Project (N65),Revised PC-I of Luwari Tunnel Project, Revised PC-I dualization of N-70, M-4 (Link Interchange Punjab

Nagshah Chowk) Multan Crossing N-70 from Multan to Shuja Abad,Revised PC-I for land acquisition property compensation and shifting utilities at FaisalabadKhanewal Motorway (M-4), Award of maintenance contract for Karakoram Highway from km 218 to km 350 to FWO from FY 2013-14 on terms and length based on p e r f o r m a n c e indicators,Policy decision regarding award of work to FWO on Single Tender Basis,exemption from income tax an performance guarantee. Federal Minister for Parliamentary Affairs Sheikh Aftab Ahmed Friday informed the Senate that 75 per cent work at Alpuri-Besham section of N-90 was completed while the remaining was expected to be completed by December 31, 2014. Responding to a question, the minister said the estimated cost of the project was Rs. 874.7 million with expected completion period of one year after commencement of work, however, after the floods of July-2010 the revised cost stood at Rs. 2.87 billion. He said an amount of Rs. 300 million was allocated for the said project during the fiscal year 2013-14, of which, Rs. 137 million were released. To another question, Sheikh Aftab said for construction of a portion of Karakoram Highway at Attabad on a new alignment, a contract agreement between China Road and Bridge Corporation and NHA was signed on December 18, 2010.

He said the length of the road was 24 Km including five tunnels and that the project would be completed with a cost of 275 million US dollar. To another question, he said for the improvement of N-95, NHA awarded two rehabilitation schemes amounting to Rs. 1.77 billion under Flood Emergency Rehabilitation Project funded by ADB. As part of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, National Highway Authority (NHA) would build 487 km Raikot-Islamabad Highway and presently work on its feasibility study was in full swing and would be completed by next month. An official of the NHA informed that this highway was also important because four new dams close to this highway namely; Thakot, Pattan, Dassu and Diamer Basha have also been planned. He said that these dams will help the country overcome its power shortage. Highlighting the significance of the said project, the official said that the present government was putting special emphasis on China-Pak Economic Corridor so that trade ties with China and Central States could be further strengthened and the region could witness rapid economic growth and prosperity. He said that Raikot-Islamabad Highway will start off from Pak-China border and will connect to the existing Karakoram Highway and reach Islamabad and will be further extended to Gwadar in the near future. The realignment of the 24 kilometers of the existing Karakoram Highway was also part of this project, and this highway will be 2lane from Khajrab to Mansehra, 4lane from Mansehra to Islamabad and 6-lane from Islamabad to Gwadar.—APP

Ikhtiar Beg honoured—great day for him SALAHUDDIN HAIDER


MINENT businessman, Dr Mirza Ikhtiar Beg was pinned a medal on his chest, last of the National Award of Yemen—“The Order of Yemen” by the Yemenis Ambassador Abdo Al;I Abdul Rehman Ata grand function here Thursday night. It was awarded to him the President of the Yemen Republic in recognition of Beg’s great services as Honorary Consul General of the Republic. Beg felt extremely elated with the decoration, saying it was a matter of immense joy for him and his family, as well as for people of Pakistan. He said that during his tenure as

honorary consul general, trade between the two countries doubled, which was a matter of satisfaction for him. The Ambassador appreciate d that too in his speech. Speaking next, Sindh’s senior and education minister Nisar Khuhro thought that the brief but impressive investiture ceremony was also a matter of pride for the people of Karachi. The Federal minister for Textile, senator Dr Abbad Afridi, the President of the Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce and Indus-

try Zakaria Usman, and a number of eminent persons, Beg’s brother Ishtiaq Beg, and family members were all present to celebrate the historic occasion, coinciding with the 24th National re-unification day of the Yemen Republic. National Anthems of the two countries were played, after which a cake was cut to mark the national day. German consul general Dr Tino Kilnner, and the number two at the British Deputy High Commission in Karachi Gill Atkinson, plus the Thai consul general, were also present. Ikthiar acknowledged that the it was a great and memorable event for him and his family and he will long remember it.

Chinese language institute to be established

Husband gets life term for killing wife KHAIRPUR—Additional district and sessions judge Naveed Hussain Kolachi sentenced Muhammad Saleh on Friday to undergo life imprisonment for killing his wife Mst Mehnz Chang. The court also fined Rs 50,000 in default whereof he would have to serve additional six months in jail. The accused had killed his wife three years back. Khanpur: A man killed his wife on seeking divorce from him and caused severe bullet injuries to his daughter. According to police, in mauza Darri Azeem Khan, accused Naem Akhter Siyal often fought with his wife over money matters due to impoverishment. Last night, after a bitter fight his wife Parveen Bibi sought divorce from him upon which he shot her dead. Sumera (15), daughter of Naeem tried to save her mother but she also received bullet wounds and was shifted to Sheikh Zayed hospital in critical condition. —APP

Pak travellers bound to produce polio vaccination certificates from June 1 ISLAMABAD —Provinces were taking action under coordination of the concerned ministry to follow the temporary recommendations relating to international travel to and from Pakistan. According to official sources, federal and provincial governments have taken concrete steps to mobilize available resources and ensure availability of polio vaccine, vaccination certificates and human resources. They said the Ministry of National Health Services, Regulation and Coordination has taken several measures to implement World Health Organization temporary recommendations due to spread of polio virus in collaboration with WHO, UNICEF and health development partners. They said Pakistan has taken its responsibilities seriously as a signatory to the international Health Regulations, 2005 (IHR) and is fully committed to their implementation in letter and spirit.The implementation process has been initiated and health facilities across Pakistan are now vaccinating prospective travelers and issuing the required vaccination certificate. From June 1st, 2014, all travelers from Pakistan will be required to produce a valid vaccination certificate. Meanwhile, it is reported that District Governor Rotary Club Haji Ifthikhar Ahmed said that Polio campaign is continuing successfully and appreciated the efforts of PML-N government for the eradication of Polio from the country. The governor assured that Rotary International would cooperate for a Polio free Pakistan. He was speaking at a seminar organized here on Friday. He said that some elements were propagating a wrong picture of the Polio campaign which was not justified. -APP

UoP, Korean women varsity ink MoU to provide exposure to girl students P ESHAWAR—In a step to provide interna-

tional exposure to the female students and elevate the standards of their education, the University of Peshawar and Sookmyung Women University South Korea signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) at a ceremony held in South Korea. The agreement was signed by Vice ChanF AISALABAD —China will cellor UoP Prof. Dr Muhammad Rasul Jan establish a Chinese lan- and President Sookmyung University guage institute at Sunhye Hwang, said a press release here. Faisalabad to serve as a strong bridge bringing the people of the two countries more closer to each other. “There are already two such institutes one at National University of Modern Languages (NUML), Islamabad and other in Karachi,” a senior official in Chinese Embassy said here. He said the decision to set up new institute has been taken keeping in view enthusiasm to learn Chinese among the Pakistani youth as it is an essential tool and a significant bridge for developing people to people contact.—APP

The agreement signed initially for three years would focus on the exchange of students of both the institutions in order to learn best practices in academics and research.The two institutions will also carry joint research projects of mutual interests. Addressing the MoU ceremony the Vice Chancellor University of Peshawar termed the agreement as a mild stone achievement for capacity building of the female folks of UoP .—APP

Fee Reimbursement Scheme to ensure human, social development I SLAMABAD —Chairperson, Prime suits in order to contribute substan- parts dwelling in the metropolis.” Minister’s Youth Programme (PMYP), Maryam Nawaz Sharif has said that launching of Prime Minister’s Fee Reimbursement Scheme in the underdeveloped areas would usher in a new era of human and social development in the country. This is the top priority of the present government, she stated while co-chairing a post-launch review meeting along with Minister for Finance Senator Mohammad Ishaq Dar here. While approving the next schedule of 100% fee reimbursements for the 30,000 students of Sindh, Punjab Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, FATA and Gilgit-Baltistan, Maryam Nawaz Sharif told the participants of the meeting that Prime Minister’s Fee Reimbursement Scheme for the less developed areas would encourage the students there. She said that it would also help them undertake higher academic purPESHAWAR: Advisor to the Prime Minister and leader of Muslim League-N Engr. Amir Muqam addressing the notables of FATA at his residence.

YDA strike continues in ATH

P E S H AWA R —Despite de-

CM’s attention sought for solution of doctors’ problems A BBOTTABAD —Strike of the young doctors in Ayub Teaching Hospital (ATH) Abbotabad entered in fourth day and they boycotted the OPDs, operation theaters and ward rounds along with three other teaching hospitals of the province, leaving the patients to suffer.The Young Doctors Association (YDA), body of young doctors comprising Trainees Medical officers and House officers have been united in all the four teaching hospitals of the province including ATH and observed strike and suspended the services. Their charter of demand includes Service structure and free medical cover for all the patients in public sector hospitals. Most of the senior doctors also remained absent from duties which increased the miseries of the patients. Dr Majid, President YDA Ayub Teaching Hospital told that the strike

would continue till accepting of their demands specially the provision of service structure. He further said that they were disappointed by the meeting with Minister Health & Secretary Health who claimed that Finance department denied to provide funds for implementation of service structure. He demanded the Chief Minister Pervez Khattak to implement the notification of service structure through an executive order. Peshawar: Pakistan Muslim League-N leader, Arbab Khzir Hayat Khan on Friday visited to the protest and hunger strike camp of Young Doctors Association (YDA) and demanded fulfillment of demands of young doctors in Khyber Pakthunkhwa. Regretting over the silence of Khyber Pakthunkhwa govt over the week long ongoing hunger and protest camp of Young Doctors Association

here. He said problems of young doctors should be immediately addressed and Chief Minister KP should personally intervened and address this issue on war footing basis in the larger interest of people and doctors community. He said neither basic facilitiess’ have been provided to people in education and health sectors nor have any solid plan to give it in future. He said one of the young doctors colleague was battling for life while KP Govt did not pay any head to the problems of doctors community.He said the people of Khyber Pakthunkhwa are with young doctors and would not leave them alone. He demanded fulfillment of the genuine demands of the doctors immediately. Khzir said PTI had failed to address problems of young doctors who are our future and need guidance instead compelling them on hunger and protest strikes.—APP

COMSATS’ Science & Tech centres strengthened STAFF REPORTER I S L A M A B A D —The Water Research and Technologies Centre of Borj-Cedria (CERTE), Tunisia, has become the 19th member of COMSATS’ Network of International S&T Centres of Excellence. According to a statement issued here on Friday, the decision to this effect was taken during the 17th two-day meeting of the Coordinating Council of the COMSATS held on May 19-20, 2014, in Tehran. The council meeting was hosted by COMSATS’ Centre of Excellence in Iran, the Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST), said the release. Apart from the senior officials of COMSATS Headquarters, the meeting was attended by council members or their representatives from 10 Centres of Excellence of COMSATS; BCSIRBangladesh, ICCES-China, CIF-Colombia, IROST-Iran, NMC-Nigeria, ICCBS-Pakistan, CIIT-Pakistan, UCADSenegal, ITI-Sri Lanka and TIRDO-Tanzania. Representatives of COMSATS’ partner organizations, ISESCO and UNESCO, as well as senior officials of CERTE were also present. The meeting was inaugurated by Dr Hussain Salar Amoli, Acting Minister for International Cooperation, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Iran. The meeting deliberated on a 13-point agenda, reviewing the activities of COMSATS Network and taking strategic decisions in connection with its international programmes and projects. One of the highlights of the meeting was discussion on the cooperation between UNESCO and COMSATS for technical cooperation and IROST’s proposal for establishing a Centre on ‘Human Resource Development in Advanced Science and Technology’.

MARDAN: Fire fighters struggling to extinguish fire that erupted in a wheat field on Friday.

NH&MP’s soft culture eulogised STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Number of causalities in road traffic accidents is increasing every year which needs to be curtailed. Road safety is not given the attention it deserves. Accidents are predictable and could be avoided if concerted efforts are made. These views were expressed by Inspector General, National Highways & Motorway Police, Zulfiqar Ahmad Cheema during his address to the students of Ayub Medical College (AMC). In his welcome address, the Principal of AMC, Prof. Dr. Shahid Sultan, eulogized the motorway Police for introducing the culture of soft policing in the country and extending help to commuters in distress. The Inspector General informed the participants that orderly traffic on roads reflected the level of discipline in a nation. He said that the use of seat belt increased the chances of survival by 60-70% in case of accident. The better image of Motorway Police is because of courtesy, integrity, and professionalism of its officers. The IGP highlighted that motorway Police has uprooted the VIP culture and every road user was treated equally and with dignity irrespective of his/her social status. He expressed his pride that Pakistani doctors were famous for their professionalism and expertise worldwide. He said that youth constituted 60% of Pakistani population which was a precious human resource. The I.G said that “Pakistan is blessed with lots of resource but unfortunately, these resources are not utilized properly. By the grace of Almighty Allah the future of our country is bright.” The address of IGP was followed by a quiz session, where questions related to road safety were asked from the participants and gift bags were distributed. A road safety stall was also set up at the venue. The seminar was attended by DPO Abottabad, Mr. Muhammad Ali, Assistant commissioner, Mr Osama Waraich, SSP Dr. Mian Saeed, faculty members of the college and other notables.

Number of drug addicts increasing in KP

Peshawar Central Jail overcrowded with prisoners P ESHAWAR —The capacity of prisoners has exceeded at Peshawar Central Jail where 1500 persons are incarcerated against the capacity of 850 prisoners. Acting Inspector General of Prisons Friday told Provincial Assembly’s Standing Committee on Home and Tribal Affairs that overcrowded Peshawar jail also lack media facilities for the prisoners. He said that there are 28 jails in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province including four central jails, 10 district and four judicial lock ups, while the jail staff consists of 2525 officials including IG himself and gardeners and other staffers. He said that already overcrowded prisons were having high profile inmates and some 67 prisoners of other provinces. The IG stressed upon capacity building of jail staff and strengthening of prisons in the context of prevailing situation. He informed the department gets Rs 1245 annually under the head of medical treatment of each prisoner; however, the posts of medical officers and technical staff are lying vacant.—APP

cades old efforts by official and non-governmental organizations against the curse of drug addiction, number of drug addicts are increasing alarmingly in the provincial metropolis and other parts of the province. Drug addicted people sitting in groups under the separate bridges of different places on road sides in the city busy in using different kinds of intoxicating drugs. When contacted Directorate of Social Welfare department Khyber Pakhtunkhwa the concerned official told APP that their department was working in this regard since 2004. He said that the number of drug addicted people was increasing due to presence of Afghan Refugees, poverty and unemployment. Social Welfare department was working in five districts of KP including Peshawar, Kohat, Swat, Dir Lower and Dera Ismail Khan, adding they have rehabilitated 1250 drug addicts only in Peshawar. He said that they have detoxification center in Peshawar with the capacity of only 30 beds and lack others facilities. He told that due to shortage of beds they discharge patients after providing them treatment for 45 days to two months. He informed that they need the assistance of big hospitals and meeting has been done with some hospitals to work with close coordination. He informed that they have formed committees including officials of police, anti narcotics, social societies, Khyber Teaching Hospital (KTH), Lady Reading Hospital (LRH), Alkhidmat Foundation, Dost Foundation and Caritas foundation.—APP

tially towards the progress and prosperity of their respective areas in particular, and the country in general. She further maintained that during the coming weeks students from other districts of the federation would also receive the fee reimbursement cheques. The Chairperson while apprising the Minister for Finance said “focus of this scheme is to chisel and brush up the latent talent of the youth of the country and also to provide equal opportunities for acquiring higher education to the students of underdeveloped areas vis-…-vis their counter-

She said that now financial constraints would not stop the students to earn higher degrees. Prime Minister’s Fee Reimbursement Scheme for the less developed areas was officially launched on Thursday (yesterday) at Quetta. The scheme would reimburse 100% educational expenses of the students enrolled in MA, MS, PhD, and M Phill from 59 less developed districts of Southern Punjab, Rural Sindh, Balochistan, KPK, GB and FATA. About 35,000 students would be catered to with the budget allocation of Rs 1.2 billion at an average of Rs 40,000 per student on annual basis. The meeting was attended by Advisor to Finance Minister, Secretary Finance and other senior officials of the PMYP.—APP

Hot, dry weather to prevail ISLAMABAD—Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) on Friday forecast mainly hot and dry weather for most parts of the country during next 24 hours. However, there were chances of rain thunderstorm at few places of Lahore, Gujranwala divisions and Kashmir during the next 24 hours. According to the synoptic situation, a trough of western disturbance was present over Kashmir and adjoining areas. The highest maximum temperatures recorded during the last 24 hours were Jaccobabad 48 C, Dadu, Sukkur, Moenjodaro 47 C and Rohri, Padidan and Larkana 46 C. The temperatures recorded in the other cities were Islamabad 35 C, Lahore 36 C, Karachi 36 C, Peshawar 39 C, Quetta 30 C, Skardu 23 C, Murree 22 C, Muzaffarabad 35 C, Gilgit 29 C, Faisalabad 38 C, Multan 40 C and Hyderabad 45 C. The rainfall recorded was Rawalakot 29 mm, Astore 13, Murree 08, Gujranwala 06, Balakot 05, Chillas, Muzaffarabad 03, Gilgit, Sialkot, Skardu 02 and Kakul 01 mm. Director, Meteorological Department, Muhammad Hanif has said that weather patterns in coastal areas of the country were changing due to rising temperatures. Talking to media, Director MET said that a number of climate changes including cyclones, monsoon flooding, rise in the sea level, extreme hot temperatures and droughts were currently affecting the 990- kilometre-long coastal belt of Pakistan. He said that scientists had predicted that by the year 2060, the average temperature of the area would increase from 1.4 to 3.7 degree Celsius. “This change in temperature could have a significant impact on wheat and rice crops, besides the water supply of the entire country”, he said.—APP

NAB approves regional HQs’ uplift projects ISLAMABAD—Chairman, National Accountability Bureau (NAB) Qamar Zaman Chaudhry on Friday approved four development projects for its Regional headquarters in all over the country. The development projects were approved in a meeting of Departmental Development Working Party (DDWP) held at National Accountability Bureau (NAB) Headquarters. These projects include Construction of Officers Mess and Bachelor Lodge in the premises of NAB Balochistan Complex at Shara-e-Gulistan, Quetta Cantt, said spokesman of NAB. This project is specifically meant to facilitate officers posted from other provinces to NAB, Balochistan. Another scheme of NAB Balochistan approved in the meeting is the construction of Eight Family Suites and Overhead Water Tank in the premises of NAB (B). The project is specifically meant for providing Residential Accommodation to married officers of NAB (B), who are posted at Quetta from other provinces. The DDWP meeting also approved re-construction of Block No. 35-B, Pakistan Secretariat A.M. Area Saddar, Karachi for NAB Sindh. The project aims to provide office accommodation facilities to the officers/officials of the Regional Bureau.—APP

Musharraf’s cronies want to destabilize system: Baloch I SLAMABAD —Minister for States and Frontier Region, Abdul Qadir Baloch Friday said the cronies of former dictator General; Pervaiz Musharraf wanted to destabilize the democratic system. Winding up debate on a motion regarding the latest political situation in Senate, he said no political party wanted derailment of democracy in the country. He urged all the political parties and media to play their role for national security and further strengthening of democracy in the country. It was responsibility of political parties to come forward and defend the democracy against those who enter the corridors of power through backdoors. Criticising Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf and Pakistan Awami Tehrik for their antidemocracy behaviors, he said all political parties including Pakistan People’s Party, Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz, Awami National Party and Jamiat Ulema Islam Fazl wanted election reforms. PTI should adopt legal course for introducing election reforms, he added. He said the government had the potential to amicably resolve the matter of media and security agencies adding that three judges of Supreme Court were probing the issue of attack on Anchor Hamid Mir. Government was waiting the report of the Supreme Court in this regard. Criticizing media, the Minister said media should avoid washing its dirty Lenin in public. He said from 7,000 to 8,000 soldiers had embarrassed shahadat due to wrong policies of former President Pervez Musharraf. Earlier the House resumed discussion on the political situation developed recently in the country due to certain reasons.—APP

MNS goes for mega projects


Thailand: Waiting for democracy


HOUGH the exact size of the Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP) for the next financial year is yet unclear but the official version of the meeting chaired by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Friday to finalize the programme indicates developmental priorities of the Government. The meeting approved allocations for much delayed but vitally important projects like Diamer-Bhasha Dam and Dassu Dam, Faisalabad-Khanewal Motorway and Rawalpindi Metro Bus projects. The Prime Minister, who is known for his passion for development, gave directions to expedite work on Lahore-Karachi Motorway, rail links from Islamabad to Muzaffarabad and Havelian to Pak-China border besides construction of new Gwadar airport and Quaid-i-Azam Solar Park Phase-II. Immediately after assuming power, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif chaired a series of meetings to work out a clear road map for development and as part of his vision for progress and prosperity a number of mega projects have been envisioned and launched. As some of the projects involved huge funding and efforts, some circles believed these would remain paper dream but credit goes to MNS for lining up necessary resources and now allocations are being made for them in the new budget, which shows firm determination of the Government to pursue and implement them on priority basis. This is what Pakistan needs as improvement and expansion of communication network and construction of huge water reservoirs would create not only enormous job opportunities but also give a push to industry and economic activities. We hope that the Prime Minister would see to it that feasibility study of some of the important projects is completed on fast track and these are translated into reality in the shortest possible time because of their possible impact on socio-economic development of different regions and the overall economy. Here we would also caution that it has been practice for the last one decade that initially handsome allocations are made for PSDP but it becomes the first casualty of so-called austerity drives and contingencies. We hope that it would not happen this time round and each and every penny meant for development would be actually spent for development. Similarly, the unholy practice of delaying execution of projects on different excuses should come to an end and sponsoring agencies should be penalized for non-completion of the project in the given timeframe.

Geo: Let law take its course I

T is a sad development that during the last few years an unfortunate culture of violence and taking law into one’s own hands has developed in the country. People having grievances of different sorts routinely vent their sentiments in violent manner and during the process public and private properties are damaged and even life remains under threat. This trend is also visible in the case of Geo-PEMRA issue and people from different walks of life have been agitating the issue somewhat violently. It is also regrettable that cable operators and hawkers too are behaving in extreme fashion sending wrong signals. Threats and pressure being faced by the media house and its staff was highlighted in a full-page ad, listing a number of such instances. We agree and admit the right to differ but things must remain within civilized means and there should not be any element of pressure or intimidation. We must keep in view the fact that freedom of the press is fundamental to safeguarding of rights of the people and that too in a rapidly growing and complex environment. Geo, The Jang and The News are part of the largest media house of the country and these entities as well as their staff should be treated with respect. We may warn the Government and the civil society that if the unfortunate trend of violence is allowed to continue then things may deteriorate further causing bigger harm to the very fabric of the society. Pakistan is already confronted with a number of challenges and difficulties and it cannot afford further polarization that could undermine our strength as a nation that so far has thwarted all conspiracies aimed at weakening our muscles. Geo issue is already under trial in the highest court of the land and we must wait for judgement of the case. There should also be no attempt to make the judges controversial on flimsy grounds.

Another feather in Shahbaz’ cap P

AKISTAN and China signed on Thursday a $1.6 billion agreement for a metro train project in Lahore, the Provincial capital of Punjab, the first of its kind in the country. To be financed by China, the Orange Line Metro Train Project will be completed within three years and Chinese companies will design, construct and monitor the project. Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif, who accompanied President Mamnoon Hussain during his China visit, signed the agreement aimed at affording the people modern travelling facilities. After successful completion of Metro Bus project in Lahore and launching of a similar venture in Rawalpindi-Islamabad, the new project of Metro Train is yet another feather in the cap of the Punjab Chief Minister. Both Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif have a passion for infrastructure development especially construction of motorways, highways, railway links, airports and ports. This is reflective of their clear vision for development as infrastructure is a pre-requisite to accelerate the pace of economic growth. Shahbaz Sharif has established his credentials as a good administrator and doer and a number of important projects completed by him in the shortest possible time speak volumes about his dedication and determination to change the fate of the people. It is because of his people-friendly policies and transparency that Shahbaz has carved out an enviable position of respect for him. The 1.6 billion dollar train project would surely help accelerate economic activities, create employment opportunities and provide people of Lahore the latest travelling facilities besides face-lifting of the city. It is all the more important that Punjab is initiating important projects including power plants from its own resources and we hope other Provinces would also follow its footsteps to ensure that fruits of development reach to each and every corner of the country.

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America’s belated realisation drop that health workers were not willing to go into those areas to administer polio drops to the children. On 1st March 2014, thirteen Mohammad Jamil soldiers and a child were killed and eight others inEmail: jured when two roadside bombs followed by gunfire targeted a polio vaccination HE US seems to have real team in tehsil Jamrud of restive ized, though belatedly, that Khyber Agency, in the latest attack through its vaccinations pro- on efforts to combat the crippling disgrams as cover for covert operations ease. Thus polio virus spread rapidly it has put the world at risk. Recently, in Pakistan. The Taliban militants’ the White House has promised to ban on polio vaccination in North and never let the CIA use fake vaccina- South Waziristan agencies has been tion campaigns or use community affecting not only the local children health workers in their clandestine but also those in Khyberoperations overseas. President Pakhtunkhwa and adjacent areas. Obama’s top counter-terrorism ad- However, if a sufficient number of viser Lisa Monaco said that “the children are fully immunized against Agency will not seek to obtain or polio, virus is unable to find suscepexploit DNA or other genetic mate- tible children to infect, and dies out. Unfortunately, Pakistan is one of rial acquired through such programs”. But this vow or promise is the three countries in the world that not enough, and the US should failed to stop transmission of polio; apologize to Pakistan for being re- the other two are Nigeria and Afsponsible for failure of polio vacci- ghanistan. Despite the progress nation campaign, which has resulted achieved since 1988 in the world, so in an increase in polio cases. In 2011, long as a single child remains infected while trying to capture Osama Bin with polio virus, children in all counLaden in Pakistan, CIA employed a tries are at risk of contracting the disruse in which vaccination teams ease. The polio virus can easily makes were sent to scout the compound its way into a polio-free country, and where Al-Qaeda leader was thought can spread rapidly amongst to be living. Dr Shakeel Afridi was unimmunized populations. Director hired by CIA to conduct fake Hepa- CDC, Dr. Frieden has stated: “If we fail to get over the finish line, we will titis vaccination campaign. When it was discovered how the need to continue expensive control vaccination teams were a key part measures for the indefinite future. of the operation that killed Osama More importantly, without eradicabin Laden, anger and mistrust tion, a resurgence of polio could paraamong Pakistanis. Militants stirred lyze more than 200,000 children widespread violence against legiti- worldwide every year within a demate health workers in Khyber- cade.” Most people infected with the Pakhtunkhwa and Fata. Scores of polio virus have no signs of illness health workers were killed by the and are never aware they have been militants; and it was in this back- infected. These symptomless people

News & Views


carry the virus in their intestines and can “silently” spread the infection to thousands of others before the first case of polio paralysis emerges. For this reason, WHO considers a single confirmed case of polio paralysis an evidence of epidemic. Though announcement by the US not to use vaccination programs as cover for covert operations is reassuring, the government will have to take measures to immunize all the children in all parts of Pakistan so that Pakistan becomes polio-free country. Last month, a meeting was held at the GHQ Rawalpindi after the government’s request for providing security to polio teams, which was also attended representatives from the World Health Organization (WHO), federal government and KhyberPakhtunkhwa government. A statement from the ISPR issued after the meeting said: “On the directives of the prime minister of Pakistan, Army has been asked to support National Polio Eradication Campaign particularly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.” Polio is a crippling and potentially fatal infectious disease. There is no cure for polio but it can be prevented by effective vaccines. And of course it can be eliminated through immunization program. Polio vaccine, given multiple times, can protect a child for life. The strategy to eradicate polio is, therefore, based on preventing infection by immunizing every child until transmission stops and the world is polio-free. Most people infected with the poliovirus have no signs of illness and are never aware they have been infected. In Pakistan, non-vaccination of children in the militancystricken Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata) could thwart the major anti-polio initiative in KhyberPakhtunkhwa. The government was concerned that children in Khyber

Pakhtunkhwa would remain at risk of polio despite immunization till the government makes arrangements to administer Oral Polio Vaccine (OPL) to children in North Waziristan and Khyber Agency. There were 83 polio cases in Pakistan in 2013, out of which Fata had 65 cases. And now during the last three months 41 cases have been recorded. The rapid increase in polio cases in 2014 poses a serious challenge to the health authorities and the UN agencies engaged in immunization campaigns. Earlier, polio teams were provided security by police and other law enforcing agencies, yet since July 2012 more than 45 polio workers and members of law enforcing agencies were killed in terror attacks. This is the reason that army has been instructed to provide security to the polio teams. Religious scholars must issue FATWA and regularly remind the people that administration of polio drops is very much in line with Islamic teachings, and that Taliban propaganda is totally baseless. The government must pass legislation that without polio certification no admissions in school, registration with NADRA, obtaining educational certificates and passports will be allowed. According to the relevant officials, the nationwide polio cases seen between January and April 2014 are more than those reported in the first four months of every year during the last decade. There is a possibility of 2014 being the ‘darkest year’ in the country’s anti-polio fight, as more and more cases are surfacing, especially from North Waziristan agency, which has recorded 40 cases until now this year. —The writer is a Lahore-based senior journalist.

A senseless tragedy: Clueless youth! entire professional career- it’s obvious of that these traits Mahwish Chowdhary course have been long missEmail: ing from our society; which is an ultimate reason behind our O you believe young people fractured economy and society. West should be encouraged – in did not progress because they had spired—motivated? Do you alien minds- they grew, and probelieve in resting your hopes on gressed because they utilized their youth? Do you believe these young resources. Youth is nothing else but minds can create and make the dif- a living resource- its capacity to ference-disperse superlative form of build, create and innovate is much a prevailing system by their energies stronger than people who surpassed and passions; and reshape into a cul- that age. Skimp work attitude partured, civilized society? Unfortu- ticularly in Public Sector, scantiness nately, this is not being observed in of a conducive environment seems Public Sector by any means- nor do to wound the young guns who are I foresee it happening in near future. willing to contribute- by the origiHowever, the duty of youth is to nality of their own ideas which is challenge corrupt minds and prac- essential to ones mental growth- yet tices Youth is believed to be an as- it does not please the bosses. set for any country. Societies have Ideas are meant to be heard not flourished, nourished and developed ignored- resources are meant to be because of ideas- an idea that is utilized not avoided. They should be original and pure. History is there protected, on contrary they are deto reveal those societies were stroyed- particularly in public secdoomed and were left with no traces tor. Youth is quick to hope so they who did not realize, recognize and are easily deceived- and are left capitalize on their resources. In Pa- shackles. Their role in society gets kistan, the youth’s ratio is about 63 confined, narrow to narrower; their % which is higher than most coun- ability to think and perform repress. tries i.e. developed or developing. Resultantly, society heading towards Throughout their lives, young- downwards- speedily! Whoever try sters were taught to think outside the highlighting- are thrown out, very box- to think beyond the parameters generously. We are split into cultural of boundaries, limitations and re- divisions, wealth discrimination, strictions. Civilizations grew and ex- class and status obsessive mentality, panded- because of their curiosity; gender bigotry while PR practice is and imagination. They were taught the road to success. There are two in schools, colleges and universities ways to deal with youth- either to about great personalities, and great build them for their futures, or build innovations made by people, in an- youth for your future. Any society cient and modern times. Yet in prac- is built by the young minds, young tice, the scenario is entirely differ- shoulders if given confidence, inent. It is without a head or feet, there tently trained and properly utilized. is neither thought nor compassion. I Neither of these is being carried out yet to witness any such traits in my in Public sector. I have seen bril-


liant minds with bright ideas going wasted away, astray because they were left with no energy- to perform and explain. This is my blunt and upright observation that I not only underwent but felt- deep down in my spirit. Some of them got politicized- because they had no option..Nowhere to go! It’s better to admit and let go; the other way is to stop making tall claims about contributing towards welfare of the society while you are not. Consequently, the ratio of brain drain has increased by multitude intensity from past decade. There was a time hearts and souls were filled with nationalism- At present, there is hardly a soul who is even willing to stay here..if given a chance, they will not spare a minute! They are ready to forgo, and live in a foreign land as a second class citizen, work as a laborer- mop the floors and do the washing but they are not willing to live here- in a society which is supposedly their own. Why? Ever thought? Ever bothered? Ever cared enough? The answer is simple- a missing platform where they can execute their minds into practice. Where they are not constantly targeted, not discouraged to speak their minds and not judged because of personal hostility – they’re willing to surrender everything, family, friends, their social circle- just about everything. Knowing exerting energies and mind will bear them fruits- their hard work will pay them off. Can they even imagine of such a thing here? Executing their mind, energy, time- with sincerity and devotion…result- Zero! You are found exactly the place where you began- you haven’t progressed at all, in fact moving backwards. Don’t you think such a thing will not hurt them? Don’t you believe this thought won’t

discourage them? Policies do change but principles don’t- our fundamental principle should be revitalization of our resources that are unfed, uncultivated and unutilized keeping aside the tussles. It must be followed, whether we like it or not. An ability to learn and re-learn shouldn’t diminish. Their minds shouldn’t be let vacant, energies shouldn’t be wasted or being used in negativityinstead for the prosperity of a nation. Imposing and enforcing ones thoughts/ideas never help- particularly if they do not carry any weight to defend the perceptions. It’s time we realize, train and cultivate our youth that are going to dumps. Constant bullying by the seniors doesn’t relieve- mirroring they understand, know better than them; which is already an established fact. In spite these insecurities of people, particularly in public sector- come forward and steal the show- dreams, aims and goals convert into demons, avoidance and dejection. Its time- people in authority realize their potential of grooming and training youngsters without a personal enmity- without getting insecure about their own self. How many more will we send our young guns to the foreign lands, let them serve and are being utilized by them but not our country, not our own peoplenot out own blood. It’ s not just the flow of money they go for- but to have the liberty of implementing their own minds, their hearts- which they feel is not given to them here. It’s a senseless tragedy! The instinct of their impulsive, the reactive blood let them go nowhere but an empty frustration – in the end, waste of another life, another demise- mental and an emotional decay. And yet it’s never realized! —The writer is an economist.

HAIS have been waiting for democracy since 1932, when the absolute monarchy was overthrown. They are still waiting. The imposition of military rule is only the latest in a series of rude interruptions of civilian government by the army, which has staged 18 coups since then, 11 of them successful. Civilian rule itself has been no democratic idyll, with some administrations managed from behind the scenes by the military, others chaotic coalitions, others still torn by clashes between wilful leaders of micro parties. The broad story of Thai politics over the years has been one in which the country’s establishment – the bureaucracy, the judiciary, the royal court, the army, and the Bangkok middle class – has used the political system, including its default mechanism of the military coup, to play out their own quarrels and rivalries. This changed when Thaksin Shinawatra, a former policeman who had become a highly successful businessman, arrived on the political scene. He abandoned the Bangkok merry-goround, instead challenging it by seeking and winning votes among the poorer classes, particularly in the north of the country, as well as among residents of the capital originally from the outer provinces. These were people whose attitude to those who had previously sought their support was summed up in the description of a politician as a baby bird. Each vote they gave him was like a feather; when he had enough feathers, he flew away, and they never saw him again. Thaksin was different. He delivered, changing lives with healthcare schemes, loan assistance and development funds. They voted for him gratefully and consistently, and when he went into exile, they voted for associates he nominated. When these were pushed out by various dirty tricks, they voted for his sister, recently also ousted on a legal technicality. There was much that was problematic about Thaksin and his family, but the fundamental fact was that the old establishment could not cope with the reversal of fortune which had taken place. They tried to change the verdict of the polls on the streets, paralysing the business of government by the threat of violence and provoking an answering violence from Thaksin supporters. The king was old and out of it, and there were no politicians with the seniority and moderation to mediate. That left the less than impartial army, whose sympathies lie with the establishment and which had intervened against Thaksin before, in 2006. It now has not much time to demonstrate its credentials as a referee. Thai coups in the past have usually been accepted with a shrug and a smile, but Thaksin’s supporters have signalled repeatedly that they will not take a coup lying down. There could be dangerous days ahead. —The Guardian


Tackle graft


IVEN the current situation in South Africa, President Jacob Zuma’s administrative and political credentials will be put to the test in his second term. Despite sweeping general elections, albeit by a smaller margin than before, Zuma will be hard-pressed to address issue of his perceived lack of integrity — thanks to a few allegedly self-serving actions that he may have indulged in while holding country’s highest office. The African National Congress’ win was a foregone conclusion. The people of South Africa yearn for change and even investors are circumspectly eyeing the first signs of reform, given the huge spurt in strikes and labour disputes in the recent past, before committing to business. The key to Zuma’s success lies in a simple formula: Stronger growth, employment for the masses and a shrinking of the fiscal and current-account deficits, which will ramp up South Africa’s credit worthiness. To ensure overall contentment at the grass roots level, Zuma will also have to look at tackling government corruption, administrative bungles and social instability. — Gulf News Each generation imagines itself to be more intelligent than the one that went before it, and wiser than the one that comes after it. George Orwell —British novelist

Thailand: Democracy in doldrums Voice of the People Gulshan Bibi


HAILAND, an economic hub of Southeast Asia and an inte gral part of the world economy, has been gripped by offand-on political turmoil. Political history of Thailand shows that military intervention is endemic there. Since the end of absolute monarchy in 1932, the country has seen 11 successful coups, 23 military governments and 9 military-dominated governments. Economically, it has been one of the great development success stories, with sustained strong growth and impressive poverty reduction. According to a report by World Trade Organization in March 2013, Thailand ranked second in the best quality of life among 10 countries of Association for Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). However, the fresh political turmoil will put a strain on Thailand’s economy. Most recently, it has been in constitutional crisis since the round of anti-government protests erupted in November 2013. On May 6, 2013 it plunged deeper into political chaos after the country’s highest court removed Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra on charges of abuse of power, nepotism and for her role as a puppet

leader for her brother. On May 20, 2014 the army in Thailand imposed martial law exacerbating ongoing political crisis. The country at this time, is tragically divided between two groups; the anti-government “yellow shirts” predominantly urban, middle class members of the royalist establishment, and the “red shirts”, government supporters, typically rural working class. The red shirts’ members support Yingluck, slamming her ousting as a judicial coup. Their major demand is the removal of the caretaker government. The army’s stance is that it has taken control to ensure law and order in a country split by deep political divisions. This stance has been repeated by military dictators all over the world and scholars are trying to understand the tipping point when a military takes over a democratically elected government. For instance, this coup in Thailand is immediately met by international condemnation and questions are being asked like; what makes Thailand such a volatile state and what sociopolitical conditions nurture the seedbed of dissent? Is there a visible pattern of events that could help predict when military coups are most likely to occur? And, most importantly, are there any measures that governments could take to mitigate this risk? The destabilizing factors

have been many and varied. Corey L., Brettschneideris, a professor of Political Science at Brown University, argues in his famous book, “Democratic Rights: The Substance of Self-Government” that democracy is not best understood as a system of voting. At its core, it is a moral ideal of free citizens participating equally in self-rule and governance. Voting is an integral means of expressing these values but so are rights to free speech, privacy, and basic material necessities. According to him, the core values reflect the status of a people as self-rulers. They, thus, justify the very right to participate upon which majoritarian procedures are based. So, an elected government that attacks the rights guaranteed by democratic values cannot be seen as democratically legitimate. One might see that Thailand’s military is playing a similar role, a non-elected institution moved to prevent the destruction of the rights that define democracy itself. There was no consultation with the acting government and it is perceived that the undemocratic removal of the country’s caretaker government cannot solve the country’s crisis and will plunge Thailand deeper into trouble. Moreover, there are serious questions about the courts-military analogy that stem from basic differences between the two institutions. Jurists are

steeped in legal and democratic theory, trained to respect rule of law. Soldiers and generals, by contrast, are experts in fighting and winning wars, not how to make judgments about rights and democracy. One of the main findings of political science work on coups is that internationally condemned coups tend to give way much faster than those that do not face international pressure. But in case of martial law in Thailand it is not clear what the army’s intentions are; whether it is going to call an election or appoint a new government. If they appoint a government it is a coup by another name and violence can be started from the red shirts, which will cause further chaos. So the need is that all parties should resolve their political differences through peaceful democratic processes. Democratic legitimacy in a transitional state requires that all actors respect elections and other procedures that take into account the basic disagreement about the character of the political system itself and channels it into democratically useful outlets. For this to happen the army needs to act like a neutral force and not be seen siding with the anti-government protesters. It needs to offer an election date and start a political reform process at the same time. —The writer works for Islamabad Policy Research Institute (IPRI).

A State pushed in disarray Sakhi Sarwar


SOCIAL scientist Thomas Hobbs expounded the theory that that the human beings originally led a very solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short life a state in which self-interest and the absence of rights and contracts prevented the ‘social life’ or ‘society’ — where everyone was free to wield authority without having a concept of sharing. Nobody was safe, secure and had to struggle single-handedly for survival. Then there came a realization, a ‘social contract’, to surrender some liberty, some ego and live in the mode of co-existence and to come under the umbrella of a joint social system of safety and protection. The law of the jungle was gradually replaced by a conscious code of social life and the concept of modern state evolved after centuries of experiments, experiences and hard work. However, it seems that we in Pakistan are reverting back to the pre-social contract age, having total disregard to the established rules of the peaceful co-existence among different shades of society, good governance and other characteristics of the state. We have disillusioned our social structure and state systems. We are bent upon destroying our state institutions for personal petty interests. The recent intrigues by a media group against state institutions; internal strife in institutions like PCB, PEMRA, HEC etc. and failure of the govern-

ment in taking sensible prompt decisions for creating an enabling atmosphere of good working relations among institutions and resorting to constitutionalism and rule of law. Unfortunately the government very peevishly has been engaging and involving itself in undermining and destroying the sanctity of Constitution, laws of the land and the state institutions, thus making the country a laughing stock for the world around. Our state institutions are being controversialized. The rule of law is non-existent; law of the jungle is in vogue. If an institution takes a decision, within its legal jurisdiction, it is challenged and even reversed by the other, thus giving way to lawlessness. If a court passes an order, it is sabotaged. There must be the rule of sanity; otherwise the beneficiaries will also have to bear the brunt of the collapse of the institutions. The most recent example is that of PEMRA, an independent statutory regulatory authority, which gave its decision to suspend the licences of a couple of TV channels owned by a powerful media house. The decision was taken under the provisions of the PEMRA laws. Somebody in a bid to favoring the accused, controversialised the very base of the Authority. Then government, allegedly one of the beneficiaries of the media house, stepped in to declare PEMRA order as void and then reversed it. The point is, is there any role of the government in this case? PEMRA is an independent organization created under a specific law and has also government representation in the Board (Authority); these official members

could give their (or government’s) point of view during the course of deliberations but if they were willingly absent, then they deliberately missed the opportunity to present their case.

If the Govt fails to deliver, then there will be not even this lame-duck democracy as we have today and are trying to foster it at the cost of the masses and to appease a group of opportunists known as politicians. Save the institutions, save the state; rulers will continue to occupy musical chairs but only then if they have a state to fleece. Save Pakistan, you will be safe and survive, otherwise, God forbid... The decision of PEMRA needs no ratification of the government. If somebody is aggrieved by the decision, he should file an appeal to the relevant forum, as provided in the law. It was height of indiscipline that the enforcement machinery of the Authority was motivated to disobey

the orders of the competent authority. If this tradition is nurtured, then there will be no constitutionalism, no law, no order and, God forbid, no system – only the law of the jungle – as in the pre-social contract period – hence putting the existence of the state at stake. The courts have already tasted a little bit of it, when their orders were flouted. The accused has to face the trial, but if the accused questions the validity of the court or its judgement and the society also endorses the reaction of the accused, then everything is finished. Another example is that of Pakistan Cricket Board which has become a laughing stock in the world. Let us honour and respect the decision of the competent authority even if it is against us, for the sake of saving the systems of the state. The government should also come out of the state of indecisions and rising, for a while, above political interests, fill in the vacant positions in our state institutions on established standards of merit and transparency, and then let them work and deliver under the relevant rules and procedures. If the government fails to deliver, then there will be not even this lame-duck democracy as we have today and are trying to foster it at the cost of the masses and to appease a group of opportunists known as politicians. Save the institutions, save the state; rulers will continue to occupy musical chairs but only then if they have a state to fleece. Save Pakistan, you will be safe and survive, otherwise, God forbid... —The writer is freelance columnist.

Views From Abroad

Climate change in Pakistan Anna Colom


HERE is nothing left here. We don’t have electricity, we don’t have gas, we have an acute shortage of water, so what is left for us?” This is how a woman in Lahore, Pakistan, expressed her frustration to researchers for Climate Asia, the largest study in Asia on people’s perceptions of changes in climate. Pakistan stood out from the other countries included in the study – India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Vietnam and China – because of this strong sense of despair. It was the only country of all seven in which more people thought life had become worse in the past five years, both in rural areas and big cities. Climate Asia, which surveyed more than 4,000 people across the country, found that lack of electricity, not having enough food and not having enough clean water were people’s biggest worries. High inflation was also mentioned as putting a lot of pressure on their lives. And these worries were aggravated by perceived changes in climate and the environment, namely rising temperatures, changes in rainfall patterns, shifts in seasons and saline water intrusion, which people said affected agricultural productivity and access to water. People in Pakistan were noticing these changes over the years despite only

a quarter of respondents saying they had heard the term “climate change” before, and despite 15% saying that they had heard the term but did not know what it meant. In more than any other country surveyed in the region, people in Pakistan thought these changes in weather and in availability of water, food, electricity and fuel, were currently having a high impact on their lives, their lifestyles and health. Pakistan also stood out for the low confidence people had in national, provincial and local governments taking the necessary actions to help them respond to changes in water, food, energy supply or extreme weather events. More than 70% of people surveyed said that they had little or no confidence in government to help them on these issues. People in Pakistan had more confidence in their neighbourhoods than in any institution. “The floods have taught us that we need to solve our own problems,” one community leader in Badin told us. Moreover, despite the feeling of despair, people in Pakistan who were responding in one way or another to these challenges were taking a broader range of actions than those surveyed in the other countries, from rotating crops and using renewable energy, to storm-proofing their homes. But cooperation is not always easy. We carried out community assessments which provided a useful insight on how people worked together to im-

prove their resilience. In the district of Rajanpur (Punjab), we observed three different responses to the challenges, some of which were more successful than others. One small farming settlement had decided to join forces to overcome the impact of recurrent floods and, despite low financial resources, helped each other in elevating homes to protect families and livestock. Another benefited from resources and training provided by a local non-governmental organisation, which helped them to organise themselves, speeding up post-flood recovery. This settlement displayed a strong sense of confidence in their ability to respond to emergencies such as recurring floods. However, unlike these two communities, a third group was struggling to work together and felt that power relations which allowed certain farmers to secure more water or favourable crop prices, coupled with increased lack of water and infrastructure, were eroding any sense of community. One of the most important findings – for Pakistan and the other six countries – was that when people are well informed, they are better able to cope with changing weather. We found that people were relying on others to learn and share information at the community level, and those who felt well informed were also more likely to be rotating and diversifying crops, saving water and mak-

ing adjustments to their houses – even those with little money. With high levels of TV viewership and rising mobile phone use in Pakistan, there are opportunities to provide people across the country with information on coping with resource shortages and seasonal changes on a much bigger scale. Communication and media can not only provide information at critical times such as SMS alerts during extreme weather, but also help people hold their institutions and leaders to account through discussion shows, and share examples of best practice using, for example, dramas or reality TV challenges. The Climate Asia findings for Pakistan are at once some of the most worrying and inspiring to emerge. In the absence of government support, some communities are innovating and working together to tackle the threats they face. These responses cover a wide range of actions, such as changing cropping patterns, creating emergency shelters and safe spaces for livestock and storing seeds, trying alternative sources of income or creating community citizen boards to manage publicly funded schemes. If those ideas could be shared on a wider scale, it could go a long way to support some of Asia’s most vulnerable communities. The writer works as a research manager at BBC Media Action. — Courtesy: The Guardian

News anchor vs ship anchor QURAT-UL-AIN SHAHZAD


n both terminologies the word “Anchor” has same pronunciation with same spelling but the defini tion of both anchors is contrary. When we talk about the “ship anchor” that all we know is the anchor is a device attached to a ship to prevents a ship from drifting away due to the water tide. The anchor when gets digged in the seabed, ensures that the ship is stable. If the ship or the boat is not anchored properly then the ship may get dragged. Dragging of the ship or boat can be very dangerous as it may hit the rocks and get damaged considerably. In short, anchor helps the ship to stay stable in the water and keep save from dragging. On the other hand when we talk about the “news anchor”, it is a person who is a symbol of authority of news programme and creates conspiracies, conflicts and also pumps up the situations instead of providing stability or confidence in an otherwise uncertain situation. Most of the news anchors come up with different current issues and start talking to the guest panel; initially the talking seems to be like talking and then converts into fighting and instead of stabilizing the situation, the anchor encourages the participants to just raise the tempo or rating of the programme. Both are the anchors but there is huge difference between both of them in their roles and perceptions – one brings stability to the ship, while the other tries to derail the system. —Lahore

Reforms in Pakistan TAHIR IQBAL JADOON Since my childhood I have been listening to this very traditional line ‘Pakistan is passing through critical situation’; one wonders when we will be able to coup up the situation and will come out of all the troubles surrounding us. We do not need herculean tasks to counter the challenges. Just sincerity and will is the need of the hour. We have hostile neighbours both on the eastern as well as on the western side. Moodi Sarkar is known as a fanatic and extremist, for killings of Muslims in Indian Gujarat in 2002. Despite all these ground realities, our PM is extending friendship before time and without a pause. We need to act sensibly and adopt wait and see policy vis-à-vis India. Similarly, the nation is facing an unknown enemy within and the government needs to take a decision because sometimes indecisiveness leads to failure. This time failure can derail the democracy in totality as the issues are pilling up and the line of the Government is not clear in case of clash between institutions and a media house. Blunt allegations of a free media house have led to extreme frustration in the Government institutions. Surprisingly things which were shady are now clear and some state pillars are supporting the media house while the others are opposed to it. It has very alarming dimensions for the state of Pakistan. Overhauling of the entire system is required on emergency basis. We need to reform the system before it is too late. We need to reform our Election Commission, PCB, PIA, RAILWAY, WAPDA, PEMRA, NEPRA, OGDCL, SNGPL, Media Houses (Print & Electronic), Judicial System particularly at District Level. Judicial Reforms are needed keeping in view the deteriorated law and order, terrorism and Karachi killings, which genuinely require strict punishments and elimination of pendency in court cases. Let the criminals meet their logical and judicious end or be put behind the bars. Qanoon-e-Shahdat be modernized so that no criminal escapes from the Law. Police Reforms must be initiated and let there be a workable relationship and coordination between judiciary and the Police DPOs. The present system evolved in the name of devolution process, has rendered the Police force isolated and to face the music single handedly without any ownership or patronage from judiciary or the district administration. The concept of joint responsibility will not only improve law and Order situation but at the same time delays in administration of justice will also be addressed. PML N should act prudently and let the issues be resolved well in time. Pinching statements of the Federal Ministers have created a gulf between the state institutions. Mian Nawaz Sherif a third timer Prime Minister must be well equipped with sufficient experience of the past and should know what happens when we renounce our state institutions. —Islamabad

Plight of OPF young scholars SALMAN FARSI Scenes of total chaos, confusion and mismanagement are witnessed at Gate No. 5 of the OPF College for Girls, located in a narrow street of Sector F-8/2 of the Federal Capital, when parents and drivers are clustered there to drop or receive their young wards. The situation worsens especially after 1.30 p.m. when the parents or drivers receive their small kids – both boys and girls –ushering in the scene in clumsy columns and lines escorted by their young docile teachers, after wading about half a kilometer journey in extreme weather – sizzling sun in the current scenario. The arrival in stages of these escorted budding flowers of mankind, remind one the Egyptian slave market where once upon

a time Joseph (Yousuf) was brought by the head of a caravan for sale and delivery to the highest bidder. The scene takes place daily at the remote back-door of the College campus, where there is no shelter for the kids, the teachers, what to talk of the convenience of the parents who pay thousands of rupees for the promise that their kids would be provided quality education in an enabling, peaceful, comfortable academic atmosphere. The hot pursuit in sizzling sun appears to be callous for the kids, humiliating for the teachers and agonising for the parents. There is a strong need to make an exit point adjacent to the Nursery, Prep and Primary Section and to build pre-fabricated shelters for the kids and the receiving parents and drivers. Will the OPF management and the concerned high-ups in the government take note of the situation, at least on humanitarian grounds, for the sake of young and docile kids? —Islamabad

What is toxicology? SAMIULLAH, ASAD & AYAZ Toxicology is the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living systems, whether they are human beings, animals, plants or other microbes. ‘Adverse effect’ can range from a life threatening injury to something that might be considered a minor annoyance. A mild irritant that causes watering of the eyes may not seem like a significant or real adverse effect, but for the person operating fine equipment, such effect can be not only deleterious, but potentially dangerous. Toxicology is an inter-disciplinary science that integrates the principles and methods of many fields: chemistry, biology, pharmacology, molecular biology, physiology and medicine. For example, by combining the study of the physiological effects of certain chemical structures and the molecular biological mechanisms that explain those effects, the toxicology can provide better understanding of the actions of a class of chemical substances, a finding of value to the chemists. In the practice of toxicology other disciplines are also frequently relied upon. Hyrdogeologists, environmental engineers and air modellers are often used to determine the route, concentration and migration of chemicals in water, soil and air, respectively. The scientific pursuit of toxicology is typically divided between observational studies - looking at what effects result from exposure to a particular substance - and mechanistic studies, which attempt to understand and explain the basis for such effects. These two activities form the basis of toxicology as an experimental science, that is, that which takes place in the lab or occasionally in the field, as one usually thinks of science. Risk assessment is another branch of toxicology which attempts to determine, probabilistically, outside the laboratory, the likelihood of an adverse effect based on a particular exposure scenario. This is conducted quantitatively, relying on mathematics and computer modelling, or qualitatively, relying more on experience and similar scenarios that have been previously looked at. Regulatory toxicology relies on risk assessment and experimental data to determine the risk and benefits, or the costs and benefits of exposure to certain chemicals. This field of toxicology probably has the greatest effect on our daily lives of all the different fields of toxicology. Another vital aspect of this discipline is the Clinical toxicology, which involves the application of toxicological principles within a diagnostic setting, usually to determine whether a presenting adverse effect or disease or injury is due to some type of chemical exposure. Forensic toxicology focuses on medical-legal aspects of chemical exposure and toxic injury. The concept of dose is a basic principle in toxicology. The phrase, ‘dose makes the poison’ does capture a fundamental principle of toxicology, but the actual study of toxicology is much more nuanced and complex than this simple statement suggests. Dose is the amount of chemical that comes into contact with the

body or gets inside the body. Even a low concentration of chemical for an extended period of time can produce the same dose as a high concentration for a short period of time; such effect will not be acidic (corrosive). The understanding of different factors and how they interact is the hallmark of the study of toxicology, which needs to be projected and promoted to save our earth, environment, life on earth and above all the health of our future generations and ourselves. —Islamabad

Havoc of lead for human health FARRUKH BAIG Human health has always been a priority for everyone, but nowadays environment is also considered as one of the most relevant concerns of the day. In fact it is also concerned, primarily with the health of living beings. Human life and environment are affected by a number of factors, the most intriguing being the toxic substances. Toxicology is the science concerned with nature, effects, detection and antidotes of toxins and toxicants. For centuries, lead an element, which is found everywhere, has always been a threat to both the human life and the environment. Lead is a heavy metal and air, dust, drinking water and food contaminated with lead are the main source of the lead exposure. The trades and professions that impose greater risk of lead poisoning are welding, iron foundries, glazing industry, ship breaking, vehicular emissions, paint industry, lead smelting and refining, pottery and ceramic ware production. The situation is alarming in Pakistan. A study undertaken at Agha Khan University Karachi showed that 80% of children aged 36 to 60 months have increased level of lead in blood. The study has also concluded that lead concentration in blood of policemen in Islamabad and Karachi are also high due to traffic emissions. A study has been carried out related to the lead (element) in which the patients suffering from myocardial infarction (a heart disease) were monitored and high lead concentration was found in samples, taken from hair of the patients. The impact of lead on human body ranges from cognitive impairment in children to peripheral neuropathy in adults. Children in country like Pakistan are at high risks of anaemia and malnutrition which intensifies absorption of lead. In adults, lead accumulation may cause high blood pressure, damage of kidney, nervous system and reproduction system. There is a need of the hour that the government should implement programmes for the control of exposure to lead poisoning in Pakistan. There are a number of strategies recommended by World Health Organization WHO), Centre for Disease Control (CDC), and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This can be done by increasing public awareness about sources and consequences of lead poisoning. The groups, which are at high risk should be monitored, such as children less than six years, workers in industries, traffic police and automobile workers. The recommendations for removing and reducing lead include eliminating lead additives in fuels and paints, banning lead use in food containers and controlling lead use in traditional medicines and cosmetics. Lead exposure can also be decreased by awareness programmes. The industrial workers should attend workshops, follow safe work practices and health monitoring programmes. —Via email

DISCLAIMER THE articles, columns and letters are published on these pages in good faith. However, the contents of these writings may not necessarily match the views of the newspaper.


Saudi Arab redefines its global status as ‘cradle of Islam’ RIYADH—Deputy Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Prince Salman has called for greater efforts to strengthen Saudi role in the 57-member Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Prince Salman made this comment while hosting Mohammed bin Ahmed Tayeb, the Kingdom’s permanent representative to the OIC and newly appointed Saudi ambassadors to Denmark, Mohammed bin Ibrahim AlOqail, and Venezuela, Jamal bin Ibrahim Nasif. Prince Salman also urged the ambassadors to strengthen Saudi Arabia’s relations with other countries and extend all possible services to Saudi citizens living in countries they work. Speaking with Arab News, Tayeb expressed his delight over Prince Salman’s direc- Bodies covered with blankets lie in a field near the village of Blahodatne, Eastern Ukraine. tives. “Prince Salman advised us to uphold Saudi Arabia’s special position in the world as the cradle of Islam.” Tayeb said the appointment of a permanent representative in addition to the Saudi secre“We destroyed a checkpoint of the fastary-general reflects the B LAHODATNE (Ukraine)—In the called for an urgent session of the U.N. government’s push for the OIC, deadliest raid yet on Ukrainian troops, Security Council and said Ukraine would cist Ukrainian army deployed on the land of the second largest organization pro-Russia insurgents attacked a mili- present evidence of Moscow’s involve- the Donetsk Republic,” said the commander, who wore a balaclava and insisted he be identary checkpoint Thursday, killing 16 ment. in the world after the UN. In the attack on the checkpoint, resi- tified by his nom de guerre, “Bes” — Rus“The OIC is the voice of soldiers, and the interim prime minis1.5 billion Muslims around the ter accused Moscow of trying to dis- dents said the rebels arrived in an armored sian for “demon.” He said one of his men world and it works for realiz- rupt the upcoming election for a new bank truck, which the unsuspecting Ukrai- also was killed. Pavel Gubarev, a representative of the ing their hopes and aspira- president to lead the divided country nian soldiers waved through. The rebels opened fire with automatic separatist Donetsk People’s Republic, deout of its crisis. tions,” the ambassador said. A rebel commander said one of weapons and rocket-propelled grenades, nied its men had carried out the attack, He was all praise for Secretary-General Iyad Madani his fighters also died in the raid in acting President Oleksandr Turchynov however. Gubarev, who does not appear to have much influence with the separatist being an experienced statesman eastern Ukraine, which left a grue- said. The Donetsk regional administration group, appeared on Russian TV and acand administrator. Madani has some scene of charred military veworked as the Kingdom’s min- hicles and scorched bodies near the and a Health Ministry official said 16 sol- cused Ukrainian nationalists from the ister of Haj and minister of cul- town of Volnovakha, 30 kilometers diers were killed. Associated Press jour- group Right Sector of firing on Ukrainian ture and information. “He is a (20 miles) south of the city of nalists saw 11 dead soldiers in the field soldiers because they had refused to attack near the village of Blahodatne, outside civilians. man of vision and I am sure he Donetsk. Many in the east resent the government Witnesses, including a medical Volnovakha. would take the OIC to new Ukraine’s Defense Ministry said the in Kiev, seeing it as led by nationalists bent heights of progress,” Tayeb worker, said more than 30 Ukrainian troops were wounded, with some in attackers hit an ammunition section in on repressing the Russian-speaking minorsaid.—AN grave condition. Fighting also raged in one of the military vehicles, which ex- ity. ploded in a fireball. Three blackened The interim government came to power at least two other villages. The armed uprising and the armored infantry vehicles, their turrets in February after months of street protests government’s offensive to put it down blown away, and several burned trucks chased pro-Russian President Viktor have cast a shadow over Sunday’s elec- stood at the site. Bodies apparently Yanukovych from power. But many in the rebellious regions tion, with Kiev acknowledging it will burned by the explosion and fire were also have grown increasingly exasperated be impossible to hold the vote in some scattered nearby. A leading rebel commander claimed with the insurgents, whom they blame for areas. In the eastern regions of Donetsk B EIRUT —A mortar shell and Luhansk, where separatists have responsibility for the raid. In the courtyard putting civilians in the crossfire. struck an election rally in declared independence and pledged to of the occupied police headquarters of the In the village of Semenovka on the outsouthern Syria for President derail the vote, election workers re- town of Horlivka, he displayed seized skirts of Slovyansk, shelling badly damaged Bashar Assad, killing a num- ported threats and interference from Ukrainian weapons and the passports of several houses. ber of people, state media and gunmen. what he said were two of the dead solZinaida Patskan had her roof torn opposition activists reported Interim Prime Minister Arseniy diers. He also provided coordinates about away by an explosion that also shattered Friday. Yatsenyuk accused Russia of escalat- the location of the attack shortly after it a wall. She said she hid under a kitchen Assad, rarely seen in pub- ing the conflict and trying to disrupt had occurred. There was no way to con- table with her cat, Timofey, in the shelllic since the start of Syria’s the election. In a post on Facebook, he firm his claim independently. ing.—AP 3-year-old conflict, did not attend the rally in the southern city of Daraa, where the uprising against his rule began. More than 160,000 people have been killed since in the fighting as the revolt MOSCOW—Russia’s top genmorphed into civil war that’s eral said on Friday that Mosalso sent millions fleeing for cow would retaliate against intheir lives and turned onceBoko Haram kidnapped more than 250 girls creased NATO activity near its prosperous cities in rubble- UNITED NATIONS—The U.N. Security Council UNSC committee on al Qaeda sanctions black- from a secondary school in Chibok in remote border as tensions with the strewn warzones. The state-run SANA listed Nigeria’s Islamist militant group Boko northeastern Nigeria on April 14 and has threat- western alliance over Ukraine news agency said the mortar Haram on Thursday after the insurgents kid- ened to sell them into slavery. Eight other girls escalate. Since Russia annexed strike Thursday killed an un- napped hundreds of schoolgirls, diplomats said. were taken from another village earlier this Nigeria, which until recently had been reluctant month. Boko Haram, which in the Hausa lan- Ukraine’s Crimea region, specific number of people. The Britain-based Syrian to seek international help to combat Boko Haram, guage means broadly “Western education is sin- NATO has moved to reassure Observatory for Human requested earlier this week the group be sanc- ful,” is loosely modeled on the Taliban move- its nervous eastern European allies. Ships and planes have Rights, which relies on activ- tioned. As a result, it is now subject to an interna- ment in Afghanistan. “Today, the Security Council took an im- been temporarily deployed to ists on the ground for its re- tional asset freeze, travel ban and arms embargo. “What will the practical impact of that be? portant step in support of the government of their countries and military exports, said the shelling killed 21 people, including 11 civil- Hard to say but it’s an essential step we had to Nigeria’s efforts to defeat Boko Haram and hold ercises in the region stepped up. take,” said Australian U.N. Ambassador Gary its murderous leadership accountable for atroci“NATO’s military groupians. There was no immediate Quinlan, al Qaeda sanctions committee chair, ties,” U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations ings in the Baltic states, Poland and Romania are being built claim of responsibility for the adding that the aim was to “dry up support” for Samantha Power said in a statement. “By adding Boko Haram to the U.N.’s 1267 up, as well as the military presattack. Rebels trying to over- the group. “We will work to try and make sure throw Assad frequently fire that anybody supplying any material assistance (al Qaeda) sanctions list, the Security Council ence of the bloc in the Baltic, mortars into Syria’s major cit- to Boko Haram - whether funding or arms - will has helped to close off important avenues of Mediterranean and Black Sea,” ies, including the capital, in fact be stopped, will be deterred by the fact funding, travel and weapons to Boko Haram, General Valery Gerasimov, the Damascus, from opposition- they too will be eligible for listing on the sanc- and shown global unity against their savage ac- chief of general staff of the tions,” she said.—Reuters. tions list,” he said. Russian armed forces, told a held suburbs.—AP

16 Ukraine troopers slain in raid

Scores killed as mortar hits Assad’s polls rally

UNSC committee blacklists Nigeria’s Boko Haram

International alarm mounts over Thai coup

Egypt’s Foregone Conclusion

HONG KONG—Allies and key


trading partners expressed disquiet over Thailand’s coup Friday, demanding a quick return to civilian rule as some warned against travel to the prime tourist destination. Japanese auto giants that have invested heavily in Thailand were forced to stop night operations at their factories to comply with a curfew imposed by the new junta, which seized power on Thursday in a move the United States said had “no justification”. Japan, by far Thailand’s biggest foreign investor overall, described the coup as “regrettable”.“Our country wants to call strongly for a prompt restoration of a democratic political system,” added Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga. Toyota, the world’s number one carmaker which produces 670,000 cars a year in Thailand, said the curfew had halted production at all three of its local assembly plants. Honda Motor also curtailed operations at its plant on Thursday, stopping four hours ahead of its original planned shutdown at midnight, a spokeswoman said. The Pentagon said it was reviewing military cooperation with America’s oldest Asian ally, while Secretary of State John Kerry warned of potential fallout. “While we value our long friendship with the Thai people, this act will have negative implications for the USThai relationship, especially for our relationship with the Thai military,” he said. In Beijing, foreign ministry spokesman Hong Lei told reporters: “China and Thailand are friendly neighbours. We hope to see normal social order to be restored as soon as possible in Thailand.” Australia meanwhile said it was “gravely concerned” at the army’s seizure of power. “It is a volatile situation. We are monitoring it closely but people need to pay close attention to their personal security and their travel plans,” Foreign Minister Julie Bishop told ABC radio. With Thailand drawing just over 26.7 million visitors last year, according to its tourism authority, foreign governments have largel—AFP

Russia will respond to increased NATO activity: Gen Valery defense conference in Moscow. “The intensity, the operational and combat readiness of the alliance’s troops is being increased near the Russian border. In these circumstances ... we have to take retaliatory measures.” Russia has long been wary of the expansion of the military bloc of 28 nations into eastern Europe, with President Vladimir Putin saying last month that his annexation of Crimea was partly influenced by NATO enlargement. The crisis in Ukraine which holds a presidential election on Sunday seen as crucial for its fragile democracy - has left ties between Russia and the Western alliance at their lowest ebb since the Cold War— Reuters

Obama’s coming midterm rebuke: Scandals portend a tarnished White House DONALD LAMBRO


resident Obama reluctantly went to the White House press room Wednesday to deal with yet another scandal that has hit his dysfunctional presidency. This one is as bad as scandals get: Our veterans were dying because they weren’t getting timely care at the Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals that would have saved their lives. There were leaked memos suggesting the long-delayed appointments were rewritten to make the wait time seem shorter. Making matters worse, the president took his sweet time to publicly address the life-ordeath issues that have been festering in the VA for a number of years. The White House chief of staff said last weekend that Mr. Obama was “madder than hell” about the reports. The president’s remarks Wednesday, though, were the first he’s made about the subject since the scandal came to light late last month that 40 veterans had died as they waited for care at their local VA facility in Phoenix. As I reported in my previous column, this scandal goes a lot deeper into a long-broken, underfunded, incompetent VA system that has been ignored at the White House as well as on Capitol Hill. This happened on Mr. Obama’s watch, and

it’s one more scandal on a growing pile of scandals over the course of his troubled presidency that is reaching critical mass in the midst of a game-changing midterm election year. All of them are going to be played out this summer and fall, when the Republicans are showing new strength in their party primaries that threatens to topple Democratic control of the Senate in Mr. Obama’s last two years in office. Here’s what the White House and the Democrats will be facing before the Nov. 4 elections: The Benghazi scandal: A Republican-led House select committee will be taking new testimony and digging deeper into the White House’s role in a concocted story that the deaths of our ambassador and three others at the U.S. Consulate in Libya were the result of a spontaneous protest that got out of hand over an Internet video. The attack, in fact, was carried out by trained al Qaeda terrorists, after pleas from Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens for increased security were denied by Hillary Clinton’s State Department. At the time, Mr. Obama was making the campaign claim that al Qaeda was “on the run” and that its forces and leadership had been “decimated.” There is now ample evidence those claims were not true. Al Qaeda and its allies have stepped up their deadly offensive in Afghanistan and Iraq, across North Africa and

throughout the Middle East. The investigation will also focus on the role Mrs. Clinton played in all of this, why pleas for security were turned down, and why her department initially mischaracterized the al Qaeda attacks. After criticizing the GOP’s select committee, House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi reluctantly decided that Democrats will participate in the investigation. Since then, Obamacare has been hit by one problem after another, raising new doubts about whether enough younger, healthier Americans will sign up for coverage to cover the costs of older enrollees who have more health care needs. It still isn’t precisely known how many of the 8 million sign-ups will pay their monthly premiums. As many as 15 percent to 20 percent usually don’t. That will raise the cost of insurance, and that could be what is happening now. A Kaiser Tracking poll last month found that four in 10 uninsured adults said they were not signing up for insurance because of its cost. About 45 percent of the uninsured told pollsters they intended to pay the Obamacare penalty this year rather than sign up for plans that, for them, were unaffordable. As in every government program, there is a substantial amount of waste and abuse. Obamacare’s troubles are just beginning. There

are reports the government may be needlessly paying much higher subsidies to hundreds of thousands of Americans who have signed up for Obamacare. There are many more revelations to come about the president’s unpopular health care program, which is why even some top Democrats are not embracing it. In Georgia, for example, Senate Democratic nominee Michelle Nunn refuses to say whether she would have voted for Obamacare or even whether she approves of the job he’s doing. “I’m not going to get into his job performance,” Miss Nunn told Politico this week. “My name is on the ballot; the president is not on the ballot this time.” Taken together, the unfolding investigations and scandal at the VA, the Benghazi cover-up hearings in the House, and the ticking time bomb that is Obamacare makes a very poisonous, election-year brew. However, there’s another, in many ways, more lethal issue that will be fiercely in play this year, especially in the key swing-state contests. And that is the struggling Obama economy, which Republicans will be campaigning on from Maine to California. The U.S. economy virtually stopped growing in the first three months of this year, and most economists don’t see it taking off anytime soon. —Courtesy: Washington Times.


gypt is a giant of the Middle East, so the country’s presi dential election has drawn global attention. The process, which began on March 31, followed through with nominations and registration by April 20. With the election scheduled for May 26 to 27, the final countdown is underway. Egypt’s Supreme Committee of Armed Forces (SCAF) issued a recommendation on January 27 for the presidential run of former army chief and Defense Minister Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. Sisi headed the military and toppled elected president and Muslim Brotherhood-backed Mohamed Morsi in July 2013, leaving Egypt under the control of a military-supported interim government ever since. The interim government has supported Sisi’s presidential campaign, implementing a series of favorable policies and carrying out well-aligned preparations. Egypt held a constitutional referendum on January 15, which was followed by interim President Adly Mansour’s announcement on January 26 that the presidential election would be held before parliamentary elections. The next day, Mansour issued a presidential decree to promote Sisi from general to field marshal—the highest military rank in Egypt. The move sought to raise Sisi’s power and influence enough to accumulate the political capital necessary to win the election. Political turmoil broke out again on February 24, once more, and the Egyptian cabinet was again reorganized. The Egyptian interim government presided by Prime Minister Hazem al-Beblawi declared a group resignation, and a new interim cabinet was sworn in on March 1. Egypt then issued the revised presidential election law on March 8, ensuring a smooth legislative road to the election. The interim government and the military thus made thorough plans for Sisi’s election. Assuming Sisi is successfully elected as president, the ruling power of Egypt will be returned to the military. The military’s strategy Recalling Egypt’s history over the past five decades, a military strongman being elected as the country’s president has become a tradition. Famous Egyptian presidents like Gamal Abdel Nasser, Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat and Mohamed Hosni Mubarak all came from the military. Mohamed Morsi was the only non-military president in modern Egypt’s history. Sisi’s presidential campaign reflects the influence of the military more than his own political standing. The country’s political battles have been fierce in recent years. When Morsi was elected president in 2012, the military was clearly dissatisfied, but had to deal with the result as Morsi earned 51.73 percent of the total votes. Thereafter, relations between the president and the military grew increasingly tense. The military began planning to overthrow Morsi as soon as he was elected, and the conflicts wouldn’t cease until he stepped down. Morsi’s fate demonstrated that a government without military support is doomed in Egypt. Egypt’s political games reached a boiling point when Morsi was overthrown on July 3, 2013. As soon as the outcome had been reached, rumors of Sisi’s presidential run started swirling. Although the Muslim Brotherhood accused the Egyptian military chief of inciting political disorder, Sisi was not affected. In fact, the military’s power grew following the crackdown on the Brotherhood. On February 27, the interim government president reorganized the SCAF and appointed Sisi as the chairman, handing even more influence to the military. And from a historical viewpoint, Egypt’s fate has always been under the military’s control. There are only two presidential candidates thus far: former military chief Sisi and left-wing leader Hamdeen Sabahi. On March 26, Sisi resigned from his positions of defense minister, vice prime minister and commander in chief of the armed forces, officially announcing his presidential election campaign. In accordance with the Egyptian constitution, a presidential candidate must run for the president as a citizen and as such active military officers are excluded from running. Sabahi, who came in third in the 2012 presidential election, —Courtesy: Beijing Review

Xi’s keynote speech at CICA summit receives high praises LIANG JUN YAN MENG


he fourth summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) concluded in Shanghai on Wednesday. Chinese President Xi Jinping’s keynote speech at the summit, which calls for a common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security strategy for Asia, has attracted worldwide attention. During the interview with the People’s Daily, some foreign experts and scholars said Xi’s speech addresses the need to innovate in the security concept, establish a new regional security cooperation architecture, and emphasizes the universality, equality and inclusiveness of security. It is conducive to maintain security throughout the region. Xi’s keynote speech at the summit is pragmatic and comprehensive, with strong guidance and operability, said Vadim Evseev, director with Russia’s social and political research center. Asian situation is complex and it faces diverse challenges. To achieve regional peace and stability, we must strengthen dialogue, trust and cooperation, Evseev told the People’s Daily. Xi emphasized the commonality and inclusiveness of security and it is conductive to maintaining security of the entire Asia, he added. Xi’s keynote speech at the CICA summit has systematically illustrated the meaning of Asian security concept and it is of significant importance for building a peaceful, prosperous and stable Asia, said Oh Ei Sun, senior fellow at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) at Nanyang Technological University. Oh Ei Sun said that President Xi’s keynote speech is very impressive. Firstly, President Xi noted that Asian affairs ultimately rely on Asian people, which is essential for building region security and peace in Asia today. Secondly, Asia needs to promote a sustainable security and development. Economic sustainable development is the premise of security and peace. Thirdly, President Xi stressed the maintenance of traditional and non-traditional security in his speech. A Kazakhstan expert on international issues believes that Xi’s keynote speech is of great importance and well-directed to Asian affairs. He said that President Xi advocates a security concept of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable Asia. It will help Asian countries to recognize the situation and challenges. It also has practical significance in promoting cooperation between countries and jointly dealing with security threats and maintaining peace and stability in Asia. European Policy Centre analyst Andrea Francois says Xi’s keynote speech is very constructive with consideration of the reality and history. Only with a clear understanding and analysis of the problems, can one give solutions. Maestro, a Spanish expert on China said the new Asian security concept President Xi proposed fully takes the diversity and practical development of Asia into consideration, suggesting a practical way for the strengthened security cooperation in Asia in the future. —Courtesy: Peoples Daily

Pakistan From Page 1 forms and manifestations. According to Indian officials, unidentified armed men attacked the Indian consulate from a house nearby. Clashes occurred between the attackers, and the Indian and Afghan security personnel. Afghan Presidential spokesperson Aimal Faizi said that Afghan President Hamid Karzai condemned the attack. She further added that the attack will not have a negative impact on the Afghan-India ties but will instead strengthen them.

FO favours Nawaz visit to India

Major parts of NW under curfew From Page 1 miscreants were gunned down though an Army major and the three soldiers also embraced martyrdom in the shootout. While the local sources claimed the PAF war birds also conducted strikes in Matchis a village close to NWA headquarters Miran Shah and reportedly killed a few more people on Friday, but the military sources outrightly refuted the claims saying no shelling or bombing was carried out on the third day of the operation. “Yes, the forces did go to the Matchis village but not a single plane flew on Friday; though the ground forces in an action against militants demolished as many as eight centers or hideouts of the trouble makers in the Matchis village”, highly placed military sources told Pakistan Observer. The local sources however, insisted the

Though the BJP’s victory in elections was cautiously received in Pakistan because of the party’s extremist views and hardline position on issues concerning Pakistan, the government’s official position has been that it will “comprehensively and meaningfully” engage with the Modi government.

PM stresses land acquisition From Back Page now postponed for another day. The National Economic Council (NEC)—a supreme economic body— headed by Prime Minister will meet on May 29 and will finalize the country’s consolidated development budget which is likely to be less than the Rs1100 billion total development budget of the whole country for ongoing financial. In energy sector, China wants to initiate energy related projects in Pakistan with huge credit line of $ 25 billion in Pakistan on long terms basis to generate over 21000 MW of electricity and in the next three to four years, Pakistan wants to inject additional 7000 MW in the system.

From Page 1

PAF air machines conducted strikes in the Matchis village with intervals on Friday and killed at least three people the identity of whom could not be established whether they were militants or the civilians. The locals said the security forces during the ongoing operation initiated since Wednesday mainly focused on the Matchis village and maximum number of deaths were also reported from the same area. The local when contacted, told this scribe that major parts of the North Waziristan agency remained under the umbrella of curfew on the third consecutive day and all the educational institutions, government offices as well as bazaars and business centers remained closed. The curfew is also reported to have led to the scarcity of food and edibles in the region.

30 spots in Karachi

Afghan army

From Back Page

end cross-line incursions. Pointing to the recent clashes between Afghan and Pakistani security force, Karimi said that differences over zero-point has created problems for both sides in restoring security along the Durand Line. “That is why, first of all the two countries shall compare the maps regarding the line with each other while taking the issue seriously,” the chief of army staff said. He further said that there are political issues behind clashes between security forces of the two countries”.—NNI

From Page 1 port city could be attacked by terrorists. In light of the warning, Sindh Home Department has issued directives to the authorities concerned for beefing up security measures of key government and military installations and strict monitoring of 30 areas of the port city that were pre-dominantly under the influence of banned extremist organisation. Among those 30 highly vulnerable areas in Karachi, include Sohrab Goth, Machar Colony, Bin

Qasim, Pehalwan Goth, Quarry Colony, Pakhtoonabad, Pathan Colony, Mawach Goth, Ittehad Town, Gulshan-e Buner in Landhi, Orangi Town, S.I.T.E and Metroville in S.I.T.E were on top. Terrorist groups might also target old and new fruit and vegetable markets and Sindh Home Department had issued stern directives to Police and Pakistan Rangers Sindh to search all vehicles entering the city from any route.

From Back Page

Twitter blocks ‘blasphemous’ tweets in Pakistan upon request N EW Y ORK — The micro- quests which called for the American porn star who blogging website, Twitter, has honoured five requests put forth by an official from the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) to block tweets that he regarded as blasphemous, a report published in the New York Times said. All five requests were made in the month of May by the PTA’s Abdul Batin who had asked Twitter to censor accounts, tweets or searches on the social network that he described as “blasphemous” or “unethical.” Twitter honoured all re-

blocking of content from drawings of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), photographs of burning copies of the Holy Quran and messages from a handful of antiIslam bloggers as well as an

PM: Uplift projects

now attends Duke University, the NYT report said. The blocking of these tweets in Pakistan is in line with Twitter’s country-specific censorship policy that it made public in 2012.—AP

Hydro Power Project of 2160 MW, Construction of Faisalabad-Khanewal M-4 Motorway and RawalpindiIslamabad Metro Bus project. The meeting also approved the initiatives of Feasibility Studies for construction of New Rail Link from Islamabad to Muzaffarabad via Murree, construction of New Rail Link from Havelian to Pak China Border and linking Gwadar with Karachi through rail. The meeting also approved approach roads to New Islamabad International Airport. It also approved new Gwadar International Airport project, jetty and infrastructure development at Gaddani, Gwadar Port Economic Free Zone project, Pak-China Technical and Vocational Institute at Gawadar and Quaid-eAzam Solar Park at Lal Sohnra Park Phase-II. Among others the meeting was attended by Minister Finance Ishaq Dar, Minister for Planning Ahsan Iqbal and senior officials of the concerned ministries.

Indian consulate From Page 1 target of insurgents in Afghanistan, but many are protected by high walls and multiple gates, as well as security forces. India has invested more than $2 billion in Afghan projects, including roads and power projects. Afghan President Hamid Karzai spoke to India’s Prime Minister-designate Narendra Modi after the assault and called it “an attack on Afghanistan, India and our shared interests,” according to a statement.—AFP

Judges detention case

ATC orders Musharraf to appear on June 13 STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD —While granting exemption from Friday’s hearing, an antiterrorism court (ATC) in Islamabad has summoned former president Pervez Musharraf on June 13 in the judges detention case. ATC Judge Atiqur Rehman had summoned Musharraf in hearing,

500 ghost doctors found in Sindh IRFAN ALIGI K ARACHI —Sindh Health Department has traced 500 ghost doctors that did not attend their place of duty but continued to draw salaries and other perks and privileges. According to details, Sindh Health Department during a process of scrutiny and strict vigilance on strength of medical physicians posted at different healthcare facilities in district Thatta, Mirpurkhas, Sajawal, Nawabshah and other parts of Sindh province found many doctors absent from duty for a longer period without formal intimation to the authorities concerned but their salaries and other perks and privileges were regularly disbursed to them. In this regard, Sindh Health Minister Dr Sagheer Ahmed Ansari had issued instructions for departmental action against such ghost and absentee doctors.

New polio case from FR Bannu STAFF REPORTER P E S H AWA R —A new case of polio emerged from FR Bannu on Friday bringing the total number of countrywide affected children to 67. The seven-year-old victim hadn’t been immunised against the disease. Of all the cases reported from the Federally Administered Tribal Areas

Roadmap for health sector OBSERVER REPORT LAHORE—Advisor to Chief Minister Punjab on Health Khwaja Salman Rafique has said that on the instructions of Chief Minister Punjab a roadmap has been evolved for the strengthening of primary healthcare system in the province under which Basic Health Units (BHU) and Rural Health Centres will be rehabilitated. He said that steps are being taken for overcoming the shortage of doctors by the end of current year. He said this while presiding over a meeting with the Roadmap Team for Health Sector Reforms, here on Friday.

this year, none of the children were administered the oral polio vaccine. Pakistan is one of the three countries where polio is still endemic. The World Health Organisation (WHO) recently slapped Pakistan with an embarrassing penalty, forcing would-be travellers from the country to obtain proof of inoculation against the disease.

however, his lawyer furnished an application with the judge seeking an exemption for his client from court appearance that was accepted by the judge. However, the judge ordered him to appear on June 13. Musharraf ’s lawyer has also filed an application for permanent exemption for his client. The defence counsel was of the view that the court had granted exemption after the indictment. On the other hand, the prosecutor has requested for more time to provide the relevant documents to Musharraf ’s defence lawyers in treason case. The court accepted the request and granted time till June 13 and adjourned the hearing. The lawyers of the former president had sought the list of witnesses and complete record of Federal Investigation Agency’s (FIA) inquiry in the treason case.

Thai military detains From Page 1 Yingluck’s populist government that had raised fears of serious violence and damaged the economy. “We have detained Yingluck, her sister and brother-in-law,” a senior military officer told Reuters. The two relatives have held top political posts. “We will do so for not more than week, that would be too long. We just need to organize matters in the country first,” said the officer who declined to be identified. He declined to say where Yingluck was being held, but media said she was at an army base in Saraburi province, north of Bangkok. Soldiers detained politicians from both sides on Thursday after Prayuth announced the military takeover, which drew swift international condemnation. In what appeared to be a coordinated operation to neutralize possible opposition to the coup, the military summoned the ousted Yingluck to a meeting and then banned her and 154 others, including politicians and activists, from leaving Thailand.—Reuter

30 spots in Circular debt mounts Karachi declared to Rs298b again vulnerable to terrorism Dar to hold meeting with IPPs IRFAN ALIGI

Fazl for code of conduct for media Observer Report QUETTA—Jamiat Ulema-eIslam-Fazl chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman has stated that the owners and journalist organizations should chalk out a code of conduct for media and freedom of expression. Speaking to media at Quetta airport, Fazl said media should consider the values of religion and culture, adding it should not be used as an instrument to vilify others.

Sanaullah predicts PTI’s flop show Staff Reporter LAHORE —Punjab Law Minister Rana Sanaullah said on Friday that PML-N would not accept any conspiracy against democracy Speaking to reporters here, Sanaullah said that PTI suffered a humiliating defeat in Narowal’s by-election. “Imran Khan is in love with rigging. He fails to see that the rigging he sees is actually Shahbaz Sharif’s performance in Punjab,” he claimed.

PHC orders shifting of Sufi cases to Peshawar Staff Reporter P ESHAWAR —The Peshawar High Court (PHC) has issued the orders of transferring the cases of Sufi Muhammad, chief of defunct Tehreek e Nifaz e Shariyat e Muhammadi (TNSM), from Swat to Peshawar. The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) had filed a petition, requesting the court to transfer the cases to Peshawar, in which it had taken the stance that escorting Sufi Muhammad to Swat for the hearing, can be dangerous, while his health is also not good to afford a long and tiresome journey.

I’m happy Modi accepted me as his wife AHMEDABAD — As Narendra Modi gets ready to take oath as Prime Minister, his wife Jashodaben said she is extremely happy over his ascent to the top post and that he accepted her for the first time as his spouse. “It is a matter of extreme happiness for me. I am so proud being his wife. I will pray to the God that he keeps surging ahead,” Jashodaben said in an interview to Gujarati tv channel `TV9', aired today.—PTI

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif presiding over a meeting to 2014-15.

K ARACHI —Threats of terrorist acts in reaction to ongoing operation against terrorists in North Waziristan Agency have escalated in Karachi. The intelligence agencies of the country have warned of such bids of terrorism. The authorities have declared as many as 30 points of the port city under most vulnerable areas where terrorists could wreak havoc. In this regard, one of agency on national security had despatched a warning letter to the National Crisis Management Cell and Sindh government mentioning that finalize PSDP allocations for terrorist groups in reaction to ongoing military operation against them in North Waziristan Agency could target key government and military installations. The letter also revealed cover the whole of Pakistan that airports, sea port, oil terand be the first national high minal installations and other precision Beidou naviga- sensitive buildings in the tion network abroad. —APP Continued on Page 7

Pak gets navigation network from China BEIJING—China’s domestically made Beidou navigation system has set up a network in Pakistan, the first in a foreign country, the company said. At the first phase, the network includes five base stations and one processing center, covering Karachi. It can provide positioning with a precision of 2 centimeters, while the precision can reach 5 millimeters after post pro-


cessing, and can help in urban planning, surveying and mapping, environmental supervision, disaster relief, traffic monitoring and other fields. Beidou was co-developed by China Great Wall Industry Corporation and the Beijing UniStrong Science& Technology Co., Ltd, reports Xinhua news agency Thursday. Pakistan was repre-

sented in the august gathering by Mr. Ahmad Bilal, Chairman SUPARCO. The first stage of Pakistan’s geographic positioning network has been finished, Shen Jun, chief scientist of UniStrong, said at the annual China Satellite Navigation Conference held in Nanjing, the capital city of China’s Jiangsu province. Shen Jun said the second stage of the network will

Church defaced in Israel ahead of Pope visit

JERUSALEM — Vandals de- as the location has not been ISLAMABAD —The meeting faced a church in southern hit by vandals before and the of Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) has been summoned on May 27. The decision to convene meeting was taken after legal opinion from ministry of law. The notification for attending the meeting has been dispatched to all members. The meeting will deliberate on the opinion sent by law ministry to information ministry over the case of Geo Television and Karachi Council of Complaints. The issue of showcause notice to three private members would also come under consideration during the meeting. Earlier PEMRA declared the re-positioning of Geo TV channels illegal and has summoned the administration of ARY News, Express News and Dunya News over the audiences complain for broadcasting the objectionable content repeatedly reported on Friday.

Israel in a suspected hate crime ahead of Pope Francis’ visit to the Holy Land, police said Friday. Police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld said a church was defaced with graffiti in the southern city of Beersheba. Police suspect it is the latest in a series of hate crimes blamed on Israeli radicals, he said. The attack was unusual

anti-Christian slurs were badly misspelled in Hebrew, Rosenfeld added. There has been a recent spate of hate crimes, mainly in the form of vandalism and graffiti, targeting churches, mosques, dovish Israeli groups and even Israeli military bases. The attacks have been condemned by Israeli leaders across the political spectrum.—AP

Afghan army chief finds differences with Pakistan K A B U L —Afghan

Army Chief Gen. Shir Mohammad Karimi has said that maps with Afghan and Pakistani officials differ about zeropoint of the Durand Line which has created tension between the two countries. Gen. Shir Mohammad Karimi in an interview with

Azadi Radio said that one of the challengeable issues between the two countries is differences in the maps regarding zero-point of the Durand Line. The political tension will remain till along the controversial line until Pakistani forces

Continued on Page 7

PM stresses land acquisition for Diamer-Bhasha dam by August ALI SYED I SLAMABAD —Prime Minister Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif has directed the relevant authorities to complete the process of land acquisition for Diamer-Bhasha dam by August this year so that work on the project could be started, a senior official of Planning Commission told Pakistan Observer. When asked from where the government will arrange the funding for this mega project given the fact that World Bank has already given cold shoulder to it saying it is being built in the disputed area and it can be ready to fund this project, but for this Pakistan needs to acquire the NoC (no objection certificate) from India, the official said that we are in the process of carving out a proposal to make the DiamerBhasha company which will be man-dated to generate funds.

The government can also impose a Bhasha dam surcharge on electricity consumers on the pattern of N-J (NeelumJhelum) surcharge which the consumers are currently paying Rs.10 per unit. This proposal will soon be fine-tuned and may be marketed in the meeting of annual plan coordination committee meeting which is going to finalise on May 24 (tomorrow) the federal development budget for 2014-15. The development budget outlay will be Rs 525 billion with main focus on energy sector projects, but the final outlay is yet to be finalized. In addition, those projects which have been completed by 70 percent would be ensured the reasonable allocation. “We have intimated the provinces and other stakeholders that APCC meeting which was scheduled on May 23 is

Continued on Page 7

AMANULLAH KHAN KARACHI—The chronic circular debt issue, which was addressed by the government last year, surfaced once again on the energy landscape mounting to Rs298 billion, informed sources told Pakistan Observer. However, to avoid further chaos in power sector, the Ministry of Water and Power has called a meeting regarding payment issues of Independent Power Producers (IPPs) on the 29h of this month, sources said. As per a notification the meeting will be held on May 29 at the Ministry which will be chaired by Khawaja Muhammad Asif, Minister of Water and Power. Meanwhile the Finance Minister Ishaq Dar is also likely to hold a meeting to discuss issues with the representatives of IPPs,’ said a source. It is worth adding here that the

government is in fix as the circular debt has touched the figure of around Rs 298 billion already as of May 1, 2014. The government has to pay Rs 141 billion to the IPPs operating under 1994 policy while the dues of the IPPs operating under 2002 power policy are Rs 59 billion. The total dues of Gencos, Chashma Power, and Hydel are Rs 98 billion. The matter of concern is that the dues of the 15 IPPs operating under 2002 policy have crossed Rs 59 billion figure which is almost the same amount at which these IPPs invoked the sovereign guarantee of the state during the tenure of the last regime. Despite not being paid, the IPPs contributed 57 percent of the total power produced in April 2014, generating on average 6168 MWs, which is their highest generation in last few years.

Athlete anxiety no excuse to skip heart test


FTER finding that student-athletes felt no more distress about heart screening with electrocardiograms, or ECGs, than they did with physical exams, a new study concludes that anxiety should not be considered a reason to avoid giving the test. An ECG measures the electrical activity of the heart and can detect disturbances that could predispose people to rare but dangerous cardiac arrests. Sudden cardiac death is the most common cause of death during exercise, researchers note. Italy and Israel mandate ECG screening as part of sports pre-participation examinations, while the debate over whether to require athletes to get the test has become increasingly contentious in the United States. One of the downsides of ECGs is that they sometimes suggest a heart problem that turns out to be a false alarm upon further testing. In the interim, athletes may fear for their health or their future in sports. “This is the first study to look at the psychological impact to athletes when they get screened,” lead author Dr. Irfan Asif told Reuters Health. “There’s nothing to indicate you shouldn’t get an ECG because of stress.” Asif, from the University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine in Knoxville, and his team studied 952 high school athletes who participated in a range of sports. The students all received a medical history and physical examination to screen for underlying heart problems. All but 150, who served as a comparison group,

also received an ECG. Of the 802 participants who were screened with ECG, 220 had an abnormal finding at some point during the screening process. Six of those represented serious heart conditions, and the rest were false positives. Reviews of a student’s medical history led to 127 of the false positives. An additional 50 false positives were a result of physical exams, 14 were from ECG readings and 29 were due to multiple indications. The researchers found no difference in students’ distress levels immediately after screening based on whether their testing had included an ECG. A 2007 American Heart Association statement on cardiovascular screening warns that false-positive results from ECGs could lead to unnecessary anxiety, the authors write in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. But the current investigation showed no differences in distress levels based on the reason for the false-positive evaluation - the vast majority of which resulted from a review of a student’s personal and family medical history. “The athletes we’ve interviewed are actually very grateful that someone’s tried to save their lives,” Asif said. “We’re not really seeing negative consequences. We’re seeing very positive benefits.” But pediatric cardiologist Dr. Peter Fischbach from Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta told Reuters Health the study protocol limited its generalizability. Fischbach, who is also affiliated with Emory University School of Medicine, was not involved with the new study.

Great potential exists to further promote Pak-African ties CITY REPORTER ISLAMABAD—There is great potential for further promoting and strengthening Pakistan’s relations with African countries especially in the field of trade and commerce. This was stated by Foreign Secretary, Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry while addressing a seminar organised by Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad to celebrate African Day. The seminar entitled “Pakistan-Africa Relations: Potential and Challenges” was attended by a large number of ambassador of African countries and scholars. The Foreign Secretary said the present government had adopted the foreign policy to have good relations in the region and at international level on the basis of mutual respect and honour. He said the main objective of the foreign policy was to promote foreign relations through economic diplomacy. Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry said despite challenges, there was a great potential for mutually beneficial relations with Director General ISSI Rasul Bux Rais, Ambassador of Algeria Dr Ahmad Benflis, Foreign Secretary Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhry, African counties. He said, “I am Ambassador Khalid Mahmood, former Foreign Secretary Akram Zaki and Dr Rukhsana Siddique during a seminar confident that in the years ahead organized by the Institute of Strategic Studies, to celebrate Africa Day.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir our relations with Africa will be further fortified particularly in the field of Commerce and Zaki speaking on the occasion said there was need to in all the fields and with the help of more people to people join hands with China for more participation in the eco- contacts, organizing seminars and exchange of delegaTrade.” He said African countries’ support to Pakistan had nomic activities in Africa by Pakistan. He said eco- tions. Director General ISSI, Dr. Rasul Bakshs Rais, in his been instrumental to its success at various international nomic potential present in African countries should be fora. Pakistan had been the second largest contributor to fully utilised by Pakistan with the help of its friends welcome remarks said that it was a moment of great pride and privilege for to celebrate Africa day at the institute. the UN Peacekeeping Operations in Africa, he added. The like China. The Director General ISSI Dr. Rasul Bakhsh Rais, Dr. Ahmed Beneflis, Ambassador of Algeria to PakiForeign Secretary said, “I understand that during 2013, out of the fifteen fastest growing economies in the world, Ambassador of Algeria Dr. Ahmad Benflis who is also stan and Dean of the Africa Group in Islamabad, gave eight were from Africa and some countries of Africa are Dean of African countries in Pakistan, Former Chairper- brief historical background of the emancipation struggle the largest producers of oil and gas. 20 companies in Af- son International Relations Department Quaid-e-Azam against the barbaric Colonial rule for over a century. He rica have revenues in excess of US$ 3 billion. 80% of University Dr. Rukhsana Siddiqui and Chairman ISSI also talked about the creation of the forum under the noPlatinum and Chromium reserves, 60% of diamond re- Ambassador Khalid Mahmood speaking on the occason menclature of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) highlighted the importance of Pak-African ties. They said in 1963 at Addis Ababa, which later reorganized as Afriserves and 40 % Gold reserves are in Africa.” Former Secretary General Foreign Office Akram there was great potential for further promoting these ties can Union (AU).

CDA removed illegal stalls from Sabzi Mandi

Security situation in capital reviewed CITY REPORTER

ISLAMABAD—Minister for Interior and ISLAMABAD—The Enforce- Narcotics Control Chaudhry Nisar Ali ment Directorate of Capital Development Authority (CDA), has leveled to ground more than 1000 stalls including kiosks within Sabzi Mandi, Sector I-11/4 premises. Sheds in front of many shops were also dismantled Ambassador of Japan Hiroshi Inomata presenting certificate to a participant of the during the operation and refive-day Japanese Woodblock Printing workshop which was held at the Nomad Art maining shops owners were given one day time to volunGallery.—PO photo tarily remove their illegal structures including sheds. Chairman Capital Development Authority Maroof Afzal, on request of Islamabad District Administration directed the Enforcement Directorate to launch an operation in Sabzi Mandi to remove illegal encroachment.—APP

Jouhara Al Areefi hands over Rs 0.5m cheque each to Islamic University, Thalassemia Society STAFF REPORTER

I S L A M A B A D —Jouhara Abdullah Al Areefi, the wife of Saudi ambassador on Friday donated cheque worth Rs 0.5 million each to International Islamic University (IIU) and Pakistan Thalassemia Welfare Society (PTWS). Jouhara Al Areefi handed over the cheque to President IIU, Dr Ahmed Yusuf Al Draviesh and Executive member PTWS, Dr Jamal Nasir at a ceremony held here at her residence at the Saudi embassy. The Saudi envoy’s wife, who has been keenly supporting the cause of education in Pakistan during last three-and-a-halfyear, called for advancing the mission for a better society.

Jouhara Al Areefi said education and health are the main areas that need special focus for the development of a country. She appreciated the performance of the International Islamic University for providing quality educational services to the students and said the donation was meant to support the institution. She urged the philanthropists to contribute towards the welfare activities for bringing a positive change in the country. She said the media can also play an important role in promotion of education and bring improvement in health sector by highlighting awareness about prevention of diseases. Jouhara Al-Areefi had announced the donation at an event of Pakistan Thalassemia Welfare Society here on International Thalassemia on May, 8.

Khan Friday chaired a high level meeting of Islamabad Administration and Police to review security situation in the Capital. The Minister took strong notice of the incident that took place at the Parliament House and directed for immediate suspension and charge-sheeting of one SP, three DSPs and three SHOs who were held responsible for the security lapse.

Summer holidays from June 7 STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Students of all the educational institutions working under the Federal Directorate of Education (FDE) will enjoy summer holidays from June 7 (Saturday). According to the notification issued by the Capital Administration and Development Division (CADD), the students would resume their educational activities from August, 11. CADD Joint Educational Adviser, Rafique Tahir said the secretary has approved vacations from June, 7 till August, 10. The initial proposal to announce summer vacations this year was from June, 9 to August, 18 but it was not approved by the authority due to the Independence Day functions on August, 14 in schools and colleges, he said.

‘The Pakistan Four’ mesmerizes audience in capital STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—A documentary film “The Pakistan Four” screened in capital captured the attention of the audience with its portrayal of a story of four Pakistani-American women embarking on a journey in pursuit of professional and personal goals. The documentary, entirely shot and produced in the United States by Shehzad while on the Fulbright Program, was screened at the United States Educational Foundation of Pakistan (USEFP). The documentary ‘The Pakistan Four’ explored the cultural and social challenges faced

by these women as they take on the roles ranging from an award winning chef to a standup comedian. Viewers were taken on a journey into the lives of four remarkable women; weight lifter Kulsoom Abdullah who campaigned and won the right for Muslim women to wear covered sports attire at U.S. national weight lifting competitions, Hareem Ahmad, an MIT graduate who left a career in Wall Street to become an award-winning professional saber fighter, Nadia Manzoor, a standup comedian and actor and award-winning Manhattan chef and winner of the reality cooking show Chopped, Fatima Ali. “I felt it was quintessential

that we as Pakistanis needed more brave examples for women who faced many barriers in different shapes and forms. Today, as we stand, I feel there is a dearth of heroes, especially for women. An ordinary girl in Pakistan has no clue who to look up to and say, `I can do it too,’ Hameed said. “There are many women working for change in Pakistan and I hope that this documentary inspires both women and men to do whatever they dream with confidence”, Hameed added. To a question about the inspiration behind this movie, he said media in Pakistan is most of the time presenting the negative happenings and I felt the need to highlight the positive

through this documentary. Talking to an audience comprised of Fulbright alumni, filmmakers, students and journalists, USEFP Executive Director Rita Akhtar said, “It is overwhelming to witness how Pakistani youth is contributing to various spheres of life and to witness how Shehzad has highlighted the achievements of accomplished Pakistani women in the US. Shehzad is a great example of the value of the Fulbright Program.” The Pakistan Four has received critical acclaim in the U.S. following its world premiere at New York University Film Festival in 2014. Exclusive screening of the film also took place at the Harvard

Kennedy School of Government and Georgia Institute of Technology. In addition to the premiere in Lahore, several more screening are planned for cities across Pakistan. A broadcast journalist and documentary film maker by profession, Shehzad, 29,launched his career as a reporter/producer with Pakistan’s first English language news channel, Dawn News TV in Karachi. Shehzad went on to graduate from New York University’s Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute in 2013 with a concentration in News and Documentary Filmmaking. He is a recipient of the Fulbright scholarship from 2012 to 2014.

He asked the IGP to inculcate a perception in the mind of every person in uniform that he should be as vigilant and responsible as if the entire security of the city depends on him. Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan said that Rapid Response Force for round the clock patrolling in the twin cities would consist of Islamabad and Rawalpindi police as well as Rangers. DC Islamabad and SSP Operations informed the Minister that district administration and police had allowed the Sikhs

under a negotiated understanding to hold a protest demonstration in front of the Islamabad Press Club. However, at the last moment, seeing the focus of Islamabad police on the PTI rally, the Sikh rally totally violated that understanding and started running towards the Parliament. Chairman NADRA informed the Minister that work on a Command Center under the Safe City Project would start next month and would be ready by end of September.

Biometric based SIM verification to help improve security situation Fajar Zohr Asr

04:30 01:30 05:30

Meghrab at Sunset Isha 09:00 Brothers in Islam establish regular prayers & charity

May 25 ON the occasion of the 68th anniversary of the Independence Day of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the Ambassador of Jordan and Mrs. Nawaf Saraireh will hold a reception on Sunday, May 25, 2014 from 19:00-21:00 hrs, at the Marquee Hall, Marriot. May 28 A seminar on “The Changing Nature of the Nuclear Non Proliferation Debate”, is to be held at Pakistan Institute for Parliamentary Services (PIPS) Attaturk Avenue (Service Road), F-5/2, on Wednesday, May 28, 2014 from 3:00-5:00 p.m. May 29 TO celebrate 204 th Anniversary of the First National Government the Ambassador of the Argentine Republic and Mrs. Rodolfo Martin Saravia have arranged a reception on Thursday, 29 th May 2014 from 7:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. at Marquee Hall Marriott Hall. June 6 TO celebrate the Republic Day and National Day of Nepal The Ambassador and Mrs. Bharat Raj Poudyal will hold a reception on Friday 6th June 2014 from 19:30 hrs to 21:30 hrs, at Sheesh Mahal Hall, Serena Hotel.

Polio campaign continuing successfully STAFF REPORTER RAWALPINDI—District Governor Rotary Club Haji Ifthikhar Ahmed said that Polio campaign is continuing successfully and appreciated the efforts of PML-N government for the eradication of Polio from the country. The governor assured that Rotary International would cooperate for a Polio free Pakistan. He was speaking at a seminar organized here on Friday. He said that some elements were propagating a wrong picture of the Polio campaign which was not justified. He paid tribute to the services of those working in the field despite threat to their lives. He added that Polio virus mainly affects children under 5 years of age. He urged the parents to vaccinate their children to avoid the crippling disease. He praised media’s role in creating awareness among the general public about the disease.

STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Minister for Interior and Narcotics Control Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan Friday said biometric based SIM verification will provide better technological support to law enforcement agencies thus improving security situation in the country. He said this during a presentation given to him by Chairman NADRA Imtiaz Tajwar prior to the signing of agreement on Biometric Based SIM issuance between NADRA and telecom operators here on Friday at

NADRA Headquarters. Chairman PTA, Dr Syed Ismail Shah also witnessed the signing ceremony. He said this is an area of high priority and high concern for the government. As per the new system, nobody will be able to buy a new SIM without going through biometric verification process, he added. The Minister asked NADRA and the cellular companies to devise a mechanism for clearing a heavy backing of unverified SIMs in the country. Chairman NADRA signed this agree-

ment with the CEOs of Ufone, Mobilink, Zong, Warid and Telenor. Earlier in his presentation, Chairman NADRA informed the Minister that NADRA, in consultation with all stakeholders, finalized the agreement through which issuance of mobile phone SIMS on fake identify would not be possible. The Minister was told that NADRA being the sole custodian of biometrics of over 96 per cent of total population of the country, has offered this biometric solution in the wake of Interior Ministry’s security concerns

over the use of cellular devices in terrorist and criminal activities. It is pertinent to mention here that NADRA in this regard has already demonstrated the new Biometric Verification Systems services and applications to Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) and telecom operators last year. NADRA floated the draft agreement among the telecom companies, for the solution. The representatives of the telecom companies and PTA took part in the verification of their biometric impression through the

proposed solution. The proposed solution conforms to the requirement of PTA directives. As per the requirement of Biometric Verification System each citizen has to go to retailer, franchisee or Customer Service Centers of particular Cellular Operators and provide his/her biometric for genuine authentication against CNIC data that is held with NADRA. After successful transaction the SIM will be activated. the complete operation will be online and take maximum 15 seconds to end.

‘It is good to take 5-6 smaller meals daily instead of three big ones’

All they want is to lose a couple of pounds! ZUBAIR QURESHI ISLAMABAD—On weekend, capital’s parks and playgrounds are crowded with weight conscious people particularly middle-aged bachelors, retired ageing bureaucrats, civil servants and women of all age groups. Fatima Jinnah Park or F-9 Park as it is commonly called is one such place where a large number of retired army officers, civil servants, their wives, boys, girls and even kids can be seen walking briskly. All they want is losing a few pounds and burning down as many fats as they can through brisk walk and exercise. Talking to Pakistan Observer Friday many brisk walkers and weight conscious paranoids told they had unfailing routine to come to the park at least on Friday, Saturday and Sunday in order to burn fats they stored in the previous five days. Walking under the trees planted alongside the jogging track, Amir Shahzad Durrani, an NGO employee said his job was computer-related and most of the time he keeps sitting in the office. “I have no physical activity and take my lunch and other intakes while sitting at my table. It is only on weekend, I have a chance to make up for that,” he said and disappeared quickly into the crowd of walkers. A retired civil servant Agha Sultan said he was a habitual visitor to the parks. “It is good luck that I have F-9 Park close by and have been coming to this park for last ten years and it has now become my second habit,” he said. Shehla Kiani who lives in Sector F-7, said she was a teacher in a private English public school. According to her she remained busy throughout the week and only Friday

evening, Saturday had the leisure to visit park. “On Saturday, I come to the park with my family and we enjoy ourselves a great deal,” she said walking along with her two kids. Ms Zainab who has been working with an NGO as nutritionist said people should understand that besides doing some physical exercise, they should also follow a diet chart to keep them fit and smart. According to her, lifestyle also matters. Do you spend majority of time behind a computer or at a desk? In your spare time, do you participate in physical activities or do you head for the television? These are very important questions but we seldom think of them, she said. “We should check our food intake and refrain from fatty foods, processed foods and junk food. It also matters whether we are a red meat eater or prefer fish and chicken,” she said. Usually, after doing exhaustive exercise, we drink juice that has large amount of sugar. It does us little good. Instead we should take fresh fruit juice and in our daily food make vegetables essential component of our diet. If you want to lose 10 pounds, you’ll have to adjust your meals from 3 large meals a day to 5-6 smaller meals a day. This will keep your body working to digest the food. In turn, it will cause you to lose weight, she said. Though she recommended dieting, yet she cautioned that before dieting, we must know how many calories we normally need in a day (3600 calories). If we are sedentary, we should multiply our weight (in pounds) by fifteen. If we are moderately active, by seventeen; and if we are active, by twenty. This formula will help us in finding out the average amount of calorie-intake we need a day, she said.

QAU awards Ph.D degrees S TAFF R EPORTER I SLAMABAD —Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU) has awarded 19 Ph.D degrees to research scholars in different disciplines of Natural, Biological and Social Sciences in its 290th monthly meeting of Advance Research and Studies Board (ASRB). The meeting was presided by Vice Chancellor Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Prof. Dr. Eatzaz Ahmed held here on Friday. After thoroughly examined the reports of foreign research experts from technologically advanced countries the Ph.D Degrees

Members of Sikh community hold a sit-in inside the building of Parliament House.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir

Sikh community leaves parliament premises after successful dialogue STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Sikh Community after the successful dialogue with Senator Syed Zafar Ali Shah agreed to leave the parliament premises. Sikh community on Friday entered into the premises of Parliament House protesting against the destruction of their Holy places in Sindh province. The protesters demanded of the government to make relevant law and do necessary measures to ensure the protection of their Holy places across the country. They also urged the government to take action against those involved in the destruction of their Holy places. Senator Zafar Ali Shah held successful dialogue with the Sikh protesters. The Sikh Community agreed to leave the parliament premises after assurance by the Senator that their demands would be taken up with the government.

Along with Senator Zafar Ali Shah, MNA Dr. Darshan from minority and PPP Senator Sardar Ali were also part of the negotiation team. Talking to media, Sikh representative Gopal Chowla sought apoloy from the nation and said their act was against the law of the land. Meanwhile, acting Speaker of the National Assembly Murtaza Javed Abbasi has taken a serious notice of the entry of participants of Sikh protest rally in the premises of the Parliament and asked the Ministry of Interior and Inspector General Police to submit a report immediately. The Acting speaker described the incident as inefficiency and failure of the police. He said this is the third incident of this nature but Islamabad police has failed to device a strategy to prevent such occurrences. He directed action against those responsible and also called for the reports of the previous incidents.

were awarded to Syed Mustansar Abbas in Chemistry, Ms. Rizwana Kousar and Ms. Sitwat Aman in Biochemistry, Muhammad Ishtiaq, Kifayat Ullah, Ghulam Mustafa and Sami Ullah Khan in Plant Sciences. Ms. Amna Rashid Tariq and Ms. Sobia Kanwal was awarded Ph.D degree in Animal Sciences, Nisar Ahmad in Biotechnology, Ms. Zainab Makhdum in Microbiology, Khalid Naseer and Alla Ditta Ulfat Jafri in Electronics, Iqtadar Hussain in Mathematics, Hanif-urRehman in History, Fazal Mehmud and Zufqar Ali in Asian Studies, Zia-ud-Din in Management Sciences and Ms. Nazia Iqbal in Psychology.

HEC allocates Rs 2.50b to universities for research S TAFF R EPORTER ISLAMABAD—State Minister for Education, Baligh-ur-Rehman Friday informed the Senate that the total funds allocated by the Higher Education Commission to Public Sector universities for research purpose during last five years were Rs 2.50 billion. He said the Higher Education Commission should be a federal subject to promote quality education at higher levels. Responding to a question during the question hour, Baligh-ur-Rehman said only the Sindh Assembly had passed an Act on

February, 6, 2013, to set up its own HEC at the provincial level. The minister said HEC was role model federal organization which empowers equal and full participation of all provinces and universities in higher education policy making for national development. He said the standard of higher education had improved significantly over the years due to innovative policies and reforms undertaken by the government. He said this year seven universities of Pakistan ranked amongst the top three hundred Asian universities against five universities last year.

A view of clash between PTI workers and police during protest against last year’s alleged vote rigging.

Protest against rigging: Police, PTI workers clash in capital STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD —Clash erupted between club-bearing policemen and workers of the Pakistan Te-hreek-e-Insaf (PTI) protesting against alleged rigging in the general elections in the federal capital on Friday.

The PTI protest rally led by party’s additional secretary general Saifullah Niazi and central spokesperson Shireen Mazari marched towards the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) headquarters located in the Red Zone. Situation was out of control when police used force against the charged mob.

Despite all the chaos, angry mob continued advancing towards the Election Commission building. The area turned into a battlefield between the police and PTI workers. Imran Khan led PTI has launched a protest campaign against alleged irregularities in general elections on May 11 last year.

CTP educate motorcyclists on safety measures A boy roasting corns for customers under the shade of a cloth to protect from direct sunlight and scorching hot weather.

RAWALPINDI—The City Traffic Police (CTP) in its ongoing weeklong awareness campaign have so far educated around 7,000 motorcyclists on safety measures to avoid accidents. Talking to APP, Chief Traffic Officer (CTO) Shoaib Khurram Janbaz said the campaign titled “Traffic Week”, started on May 21, was successfully continuing in all Tehsils of Rawalpindi includ-

ing the city. Under the drive, he said, motorcyclists were being educated to follow preventive measures like avoiding onewheeling, over-speeding and overloading, using proper signals while overtaking and taking turn, appropriate gear and brake usage besides wearing helmet for their own safety, a major cause of head injuries often resulting in death

or disability of the rider. “CTP is committed to protecting lives of road-users. Motorists must follow traffic rules as a minor mistake can prove fatal and cause irreparable loss,” he told APP. In civilized societies, he said, good habits were developed to protect rights of others by following prescribed rules.—APP

Gilani, Shabbir, Nayeem remain under house detention

World urged to take steps for Kashmir settlement SRINAGAR —The Chairman of All Parties Hurriyet Conference, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, has appealed to the international community to make serious efforts for the resolution of the Kashmir dispute to ensure permanent peace and stability in South Asia. The APHC Chairman addressing a gathering at Jamia Masjid in Srinagar, today, strongly condemned the curbs imposed on the political activities of resistance leaders and arrest of youth by the puppet authorities. He said that such tactics could not subdue the Kashmiris’ liberation sentiment and they would continue their liberation struggle till it reached its logical conclusion. Later, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq visited Nowpora area of Srinagar and expressed solidarity with the family of a boy, Faheem Asghar Lone, whose body was recovered from a river few days after he had disappeared in mysterious circumstances. He also went to SMHS hospital and inquired about the health of the youth, who were injured due to the use of pallet guns by Indian police on peaceful protesters during recent pro-freedom demonstrations. The occupation authorities continued to place Hurriyet leaders, Syed Ali Gilani, Shabbir Ahmed Shah and Nayeem Ahmed Khan, under house arrest. They were not even allowed to offer Juma prayers. Indian police rearrested senior liberation leader, Mushtaq-ul-Islam, im-

mediately after his release from Baramulla jail on court orders. APHC leaders including Agha Syed Hassan Al-Moosvi Al-Safvi, Mukhtar Ahmed Waza, Zafar Akbar Butt, Syed Bashir Andrabi and Syed Saleem Gilani addressing public gatherings and meetings urged the new Indian government to settle the Kashmir dispute, once and for all. Hurriyet leaders, Yasmeen Raja, Zamruda Habib and Farida Behenji in their statements strongly denounced the arrest of innocent youth by Indian forces after peoples’ boycott of the recently held socalled elections in the territory. People staged forceful demonstrations in Islamabad and Pulwama towns against arrest of youth. Meanwhile, complete shutdown was observed in Palhallan area of Pattan on the first martyrdom anniversary of a youth who was killed by Indian troops, last year. The authorities imposed curfew in Poonch town, today, following tension between two communities. The tension mounted after a girl of one community was allegedly beaten up by a rickshaw driver belonging to the other one. An Indian trooper committed suicide by shooting himself with his service rifle at Khrew in Pulwama. This incident raised the number of such deaths amongst Indian troops and police personnel to 317 since January 2007.—KMS

ISLAMABAD: AJK Prime Minister Chaudhry Abdul Majeed addressing a special meeting of All Parties Kashmir Coordination Council here on Friday.

Kashmiri leaders team to meet Pak PM soon

APCC endorses APC decisions on Kashmir I SLAMABAD —All Parties Coordination Council (APCC)Jammu Kashmir on Friday has endorsed the decisions made during All Parties Conference (APC) held here on May 22, 2014 to draw attention of the world to Kashmir dispute. The meeting of the representatives of all parties was convened here in Kashmir House with AJ&K Premier

Curfew clamped in Poonch town

Indian police rearrests Mushtaq

JAMMU—In occupied Kashmir, the authorities imposed curfew in Poonch town, today, following tension between two communities. The tension mounted after a girl of one community was allegedly beaten up by a boy belonging to other community. “Curfew was imposed this morning as a precautionary measure,” a senior police officer told mediamen. The authorities have deployed Indian troops and police personnel in strength in the town to keep the situation under control. On the other hand, people held protest demonstrations in Thanamandi against police for its failure to trace a missing villager, Junaid Ahmed. The people from Bharatpuri village in Thannamandi tehsil came out on the road and blocked the road for some time. The protesters said that Junaid Ahmed went missing few days back. “A report has been lodged with the police but it has failed to trace him so far. Police is showing no interest in tracing the missing youth,” they added.—Kms

Indian trooper commits suicide in Pulwama S RINAGAR — An Indian trooper has committed suicide by shooting himself in Pulwama district. The trooper identified as Bunty of 50-Rashtriya Rifles unit ended his life by shooting himself with his service rifle outside the company headquarters at Khrew in Pulwama, today. He died on spot, the police said. This incident raised the number of such deaths amongst Indian troops and police personnel to 317 since January 2007.—KMS

Chaudry Abdul Mujeed in chair, says a PID media note. The convener All Parties Coordination Council and Ameer Jamat-e_ Islami AJ&K chapter Abdul Rasheed Turabi, All Parties Hurriat Conference (AJ&K ) senior leaders Ghulam Muhammad Saffi, Syed Faiz Naqshbandi, Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front leader Rafiq Dar, All Jammu & Kashmir Muslim Conference leader Saghair Chugtai, Senior Minister of AJ&K cabinet Chaudry Muhammad Yasin and other ministers including Chaudry Latif Akbar, Matloob Inqalabi, Ali Shan Soni and other representa-

tives of parties attended the meeting. A “Task Committee” consisting of the representatives from all political parties has been constituted in the meeting to ensure the implementation of the decisions taken in last days forum. The Prime Minister also directed the authorities to establish office of All Parties Coordination Council in Kashmir House. He further directed finance minister of his cabinet to set up calendar activities for the next year and allocate the required budget in upcoming budget. He also asked his advisor to write a letter to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and fix meeting of the Kashmiri leadership with Pakistani

Premier. Ameer Jamat-e-Islami AJ&K Abdul Rasaheed Turabi ( also convener of APCC) was assigned the responsibility to establish better contacts with Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC). The Prime Minister on this occasion said that promotion of Kashmir issue has always been the top agenda of all the governments of AJ&K. He passed on good wishes to all political parties saying “political parties of AJ&K leave aside all difference on Kashmir issue and unite to formulate policies and devise strategies to project Kashmir dispute”.

Cong slams BJP for inviting Nawaz

the elected government to invite whosoS RINAGAR — Indian police NEW DELHI—Congress has attacked BJP of over sending an invitation to Pakistan pre- ever they want for their swearing-in cerrearrested senior liberation leader, Mushtaq-ul-Islam, immediately after his release on court orders. The police rearrested Mushtaq-ul-Islam from the premises of Baramulla jail soon after his release. The police lodged him again in the same jail on fake charges.—Kms

Prof Waheed paid tributes MUZAFFARABAD: AJK Speaker Assembly Sardar Ghulam Sadiq Khan addressing Molvi Sadiq Khan anniversary meeting here on Friday.

Hiz chief speaks

BJP manifesto aims to ‘recover’ AJK from Pakistan: Salahuddin SRINAGAR—Terming Prime Minister designate Narendra Modi’s invitation to Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to his swearingin ceremony on May 26 ‘a step taken under diplomatic compulsion’, United Jihad Council (UJC) Chief Syed Sallahuddin on Thursday said that if Narendra Modi wants to show statesmanship, he should accept Kashmir a disputed territory and work for its permanent resolution. In a telephonic statement to KNS, Sallahuddin said: “The invitation extended to SAARC heads is a symbolic message that India wants better relations with its neighbours. It has no relevance on ground unless Modi proves his ‘sincere’ intentions after assuming office.” The UJC chief said that before his swearing-in ceremony Nawaz Sharif the Pakistan Prime Minister had also wanted Manmohan Singh to attend that function in Pakistan. “So there is nothing new in this invitation. I don’t think too much hopes should be pinned on this invitation as BJP manifesto says that if it came to power it will ‘recover’ Azad Kashmir from Pakistan,” Sallahudin .

He said that if Modi wants to reduce tension in the region, he should cut his sky touching defense budget drastically. “ Modi should also accept Kashmir a dispute which is basis of contention between India and Pakistan, tension on LoC, and sky touching defense budgets. He should initiate meaningful talks which are aimed at resolution of Kashmir in view of United Nations resolutions and aspirations of people of Kashmir. Otherwise, talks and other engagements in past have proved a futile exercise,” he stressed. The UJC chief also rejected Prime Minister’s special envoy S K Lambah’s statement that there can be no redrawing of borders between India and Pakistan. Sallahudin said that people of Kashmir have been fighting for the permanent resolution of Kashmir and not the status quo. “The statement of Lambah is nothing but a manifestation of Indian leadership’s traditional and rigid approach on Kashmir. We have not offered precious lives and property for any status quo but for a permanent solution of Kashmir in terms of various resolutions passed by United Nations,” the UJC chief added.—KO

BARAMULLA—The Jammu and Kashmir National Front (JKNF) has paid rich tributes to noted intellectual, Professor Abdul Waheed, on his martyrdom anniversary. The JKNF organised a function at Chandilora in Baramulla in remembrance of Professor Abdul Waheed and other martyrs of the area. Many party office-bearers attended the function and paid homage to the martyrs. “Professor Abdul Waheed sacrificed his life to liberate his brethren from the slavery of New Delhi,” the speakers on the occasion said, adding that the martyrdom of the people like Waheed had proved that the freedom movement was nourished by well educated Kashmiris with their precious blood.They said that the martyrs were the torch-bearers of the movement and the journey of resistance would continue till the goal of freedom was achieved. Condemning the continued house arrest of JKNF Chairman, Nayeem Ahmad Khan, the speakers said that through such tactics Hurriyet leaders like Nayeem Khan, who had spent major part of their lives behind the bars, could not be compelled to change their just political stance about the Kashmir dispute—KMS

Kashmir struggle not against any individual or State: Mirwaiz

KRALPORA—Hurriyat Conference (M) chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq has said Kashmir struggle was not against any individual or State while another senior leader Bilal Gani Lone asserted that Kupwara people are freedom loving people and don’t need anybody’s certificate to prove their separatist credentials. “It was the responsibility of leaders to take forward the mission of martyrs to its logical conclusion,” Mirwaiz said while telephonically addressing a seminar titled “Kashmir issue and responsibility of leadership” organized by his conglomerate at Kralpora Kupwara to pay homage to late Mirwaiz Molvi Muhammad Farooq, Abdul Gani Lone and others martyrs. Maintaining that Hurriyat was engaged in a peaceful struggle for freedom, he said, “All nefarious designs to inflict harm on aspirations and emotions of Kashmiris would be resisted by tooth and nail”. “Permanent peace in south Asia was not possible till Kashmir issue is resolved,” Mirwaiz said adding Kashmiri struggle was not against an individual or a State, but for the right to self determi-

nation. Calling for start of serious efforts to solve the Kashmir dispute, he said, “India and Pakistan have a public mandated dispensation which has given them a unique opportunity to solve Kashmir issue”. Mirwaiz condemned the government for foiling May 21 programme. “All Hurriyat programmes were stopped by shear use of force while rallies and campaigns of pro-Indian parties were given full proof security. Authorities were not allowing Kashmiris to even pay tributes to their martyrs”. Senior Hurriyat Conference (M) leader Bilal Gani Lone while addressing the seminar said he is in separatist politics to carry forward his father late Abdul Ghani Lone’s mission and not by anybody’s compulsion. “I had taken decision in 2002 to join separatists politics consciously. I am in Hurriyat Conference because of my conviction and not of any compulsions. I am committed to the freedom movement,” he said. Stating that people of Kupwara do not need anybody’s certificate to prove their separatist cre-

dentials, Lone said, “People of Kupwara have offered immense sacrifices from time to time for the freedom struggle and they will continue to do so till Kashmir issue reaches to its logical conclusion”. Emphasising on need for introspection, he asked people to judge the separatist leadership on their own and not through the prism of anybody else. He also appealed Pakistan to use its good offices to get UN resolutions on Kashmir implemented. “Pakistan had been on the forefront of diplomatic support to Kashmir cause and the country should use its good offices to get the UN resolutions implemented on ground”. Referring to role of separatist leadership in Kashmir, Lone said Mirwaiz has emerged as a leader of the people and all constituents of Hurriyat (M) should support him in his political endeavor. “Mirwaiz is full of political aptitude, statesmanship, and visionary acumen. We should extend our full support to him”/ Former Hurriyat chairman Prof Abdul Gani Bhat and some other Huriryat (M) leaders also addressing the seminar.—K.O

mier Nawaz Sharif for the swearing-in ceremony of Prime Minister designate Narendra Modi, reminding the party of its earlier remarks that terror and talks cannot go hand in hand. “Throughout the election campaign, you saw a lot of anti- Pakistan rhetoric which was articulated by the BJP in a language which was extremely vociferous to say the least. And now you have this invitation to Prime Minister of Pakistan. So, therefore, it is for BJP to introspect as to whether terror and invitations can go hand in hand,” Congress leader Manish Tewari told reporters here. Noting that while it was the prerogative

emony, he said the BJP should not forget that Manmohan Singh had come under attack from them for carrying forward the process of normalising relations with the neighbour initiated by former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. He said Singh had come under lot of criticism from BJP during the talks with Pakistan in Havana, in New York and in Sharm el-Sheikh that “terror and talks cannot go hand in hand”. The Congress leader’s remark came against the backdrop of SAARC Heads of State and Government including Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif been invited to Modi’s swearing-in as Prime Minister on May 26.—RK

Yasin condemns Peer Nabi family harassment SRINAGAR— The Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) Chairman, Muhammad Yasin Malik, has strongly condemned the torture and harassment of family of Peer Ghulam Nabi of Batagund in Islamabad district and continued oppression by Indian police. Muhammad Yasin Malik in a statement issued in Srinagar said that a son of the poor Peer family, Farooq Ahmad, was martyred in 1990s, another son, Mohammad Ashraf was booked more than 10 times, another one, Firdous Ahmad was put in jail for two years and even his wife was arrested and tortured by Indian troops and now a 12-year-old boy of the family namely Bilal Ahmad was facing threats at

the hands of Indian forces. Yasin Mailk, while condemning the arrest of the President of Doctors Association Kashmir, Dr Nisar-ul-Hassan, termed it undemocratic act and frustration of the puppet authorities. He also paid rich tributes to martyred JKLF activists, Bashir Ahmad Dar alias Salim Malik, Mohammad Maqbool Dar, Maulana Abdul Ghani, Ghulam Mohammad and Abdul Aziz on their martyrdom anniversaries. Meanwhile, a delegation of JKLF on the directive of Yasin Malik went to Batagund and met with the oppressed family and expressed solidarity with them.—KMS

Zaffer Bhat condemns fresh detention of freed youth SRINAGAR—APHC leader and the Chairman polls in the territory. He said that by boyof Jammu and Kashmir Salvation Movement, Zafar Akbar Butt, has urged India to give up its intransigent approach on the Kashmir dispute and take steps to settle it in accordance with the Kashmiris’ aspirations. Zafar Akbar Butt addressing a party meeting in Srinagar thanked the Kashmiri people for rejecting the recently held sham

cotting the farcical elections the Kashmiris had once again sent a strong message to the world that they rejected India’s illegal occupation and would continue their struggle to secure their right to self-determination till complete success. The APHC leader castigated the puppet authorities for unleashing a reign of terror in the Kashmir Valley. —KMS

Indian troops impose curfew in Kashmir to prevent people from protests against the killing of a youth in Bandipora.

Conversion rates KARACHI—The following rates will be applicable for conversion into rupees of Foreign Currency Deposits, Dollar Bearer Certificates, Foreign Currency Bearer Certificates, Special U.S. Dollar Bonds and profits thereon by all banks and for providing Forward Cover on Foreign Currency Deposits (excluding F.E25 deposits) by the State Bank on May 26, 2014. The rates are U.S. Dollar Rs. 98.8395, Japanese Yen Rs. 0.9703, Pound Sterling Rs. 166.4951 and Euro Rs. 134.6589. —APP

SBP injects Rs 414b in market KARACHI—State Bank of Pakistan on Friday injected Rs 414 billion into market for seven days on 10.11 percent rate of return during its open market operation. The bids offered for this injection were of Rs 498,200 million , said SBP press release here on Friday.—APP

AMISP issues commodities rates LAHORE—Agriculture Marketing Information Service Punjab (AMISP) issued rates of different agriculture products as per 100 kg in local market on Friday. Rice (Super Karnal Basmati New) minimum Rs 11000 and maximum Rs 11500, white sugar minimum 5000 and maximum Rs 5000, white gram minimum Rs 5800 and maximum Rs 6200, Red Chili Whole (Dry) minimum Rs 23000 maximum Rs 23000. Potato Fresh minimum Rs 4200 and maximum Rs 4400, Onion minimum Rs 2300 and maximum Rs 2500, Tomato minimum Rs 1400 and maximum Rs 1500, Garlic (China) minimum Rs 9600 and maximum Rs 10000, Garlic (Local) minimum Rs 6800 and maximum Rs 7000, Peas minimum Rs 9000 and maximum Rs 9400, Cauliflower minimum Rs 4600 and maximum Rs 4800, Brinjal minimum Rs 1200 and maximum Rs 1300. Apple Kala Kulu (Mandi) minimum Rs 8200 and maximum Rs 8500, Dates (Aseel) minimum Rs 14500. —APP

FDI shows 6.1pc increase ISLAMABAD—The country has received Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) of US $ 670 million during first nine months of current fiscal year 2013-14 as compared to US$ 631 million during same period of previous year. This shows an increase of 6.1 per cent with the corresponding period (July-March 201213). According to Board of Investment, numerous steps were being taken to increase FDI in the country, which included offering of competitive incentives through investment policy to attract FDI. Moreover, Special Economic Zones (SEZ) Act, 2012 has been operationalized for industrial clusteralization in the country.—APP

Some people work hard in this business and become really popular, really big stars but they never receive an award from within the business. Somehow, when your colleagues and friends believe in you to the point of handing you an award it means so much more. —Sharon Stone

Dar assures to consider business community recommendations in next budget ISLAMABAD—Minister for Finance, Muhammad Ishaq Dar taxpayers and appropriate measures should be taken on here on Friday assured the business community that their recommendations will be considered seriously in the financial budget, 2014-15. The minister was chairing a meeting of the representatives of Overseas Chambers of Commerce and Industry, Pakistan Business Council, American Business Council and Pakistan German Business Council. Chairman Federal Board of Revenue, Tariq Bajwa briefed the minister about the discussion, he and other members of FBR had with the business representatives. He informed the meeting that the proposals presented by them will be considered in the budget. The trade representatives said that they would welcome documentation of the economy and the measures to encourage local manufacturing. They urged the Finance Minister to incentivize

the refunds issue which is increasing the cost of their businesses. Ishaq Dar said that the government had inherited the economy in shambles and no international multilateral institution was willing to deal with Pakistan. He said “we have been extremely tight on our expenditure and in the last budget we imposed rupees 135 billion expenditure cut”. He said that in a short span of time the country’s economic indicators have improved to a level where now we are able to be back in business with World Bank, Asian Development Bank and other financial institutions. He mentioned that now the county’s foreign exchange reserves are at a satisfactory level and “we expect to take our foreign exchange reserves to US $15 billion well before the target of September 30, 2014”. —APP

SBP endorses FICF positive results in agri finance STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —State Bank of Pakistan announced the results of Financial Innovation Challenge Fund (FICF) Round 2 on Promoting Innovative Rural & Agricultural Finance in Pakistan under the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) funded Financial Inclusion Program. The FICF was launched by Finance Minister Ishaq Dar on March 06, 2014, as a strategic intervention for adopting innovations for development of agricultural finance in the country. Governor SBP Mr. Ashraf Mahmood Wathra had also addressed the event, which was attended by British High Commissioner H.E. Philip Barton among others. The FICF Advisory Committee, which is chaired by Deputy Governor Mr. Saeed Ahmad draws its representation from SBP officials, Mr. Waqas ul Hasan from DFID Pakistan and private sector including Mr. Shamim Ahmad Khan, Ex-Chairman SECP, and Mr. Mahmood Nawaz Shah, a progressive farmer. The Committee held a series of meetings to evaluate 18 proposals received under the FICF Challenge Round

2. While evaluating these proposals based on well-defined criteria such as uniqueness of the proposed innovations, sustainability of the ideas and potential for financial inclusion to establish value for money, the Chairman appreciated response of the market and richness of innovations. The Committee approved 10 proposals for grant assistance under FICF, committing a total of PKR 240 million. The list of successful institutions includes HBL, Faysal Bank, Ace Global Depository Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd, First Microfinance Bank, Agrow Ltd, FINCA Microfinance Bank, NRSP Bank, Global Financial System (Pvt) Ltd, NRSP-MFI and the Bank of Khyber. Thesesuccessful institutions will implement their projects over the next 6 months testing innovations such as Agriculture Value Chain Financing, Warehouse Receipt Financing against agricultural commodities, use of third party service providers by the banks’ agri staff, green agricultural financing, Islamic microfinance, use of ICT solutions for agricultural finance and price information.

CEO Mr Frank Teng of Changhong Ruba and Director Changhong Ruba Mr Manzoor Khan sign an agreement manufacturing State-of-the-Art Refrigerator Manufacturing Project in Pakistan. Punjab Education Minister Rana Mashood and others witness the occasion.—PO photo By Maqsood Shah

Philip Morris challenges SRO 1086 (1) 2013 in SHC OBSERVER REPORT ISLAMABAD—Philip Morris Pakistan Limited (PMPKL) has announced that it has challenged SRO 1086 (1) 2013 recently issued by the Federal Ministry of Health Services, Regulation and Coordination, in Sindh High Court. The company in a statement issued here Friday said, “Philip Morris (Pa-

kistan) Limited (PMPKL) seeks to challenge the legality of the federal government’s SRO 1086 (1) 2013 (SRO) because the authority to regulate health matters lies with the Provinces, not the federal government”. “PMPKL will not seek any reverse in regulations on tobacco advertisement for “complete tobacco ad-

vertisement freedom” in Pakistan”. PMPKL will keep supporting reasonable advertising regulations. “PMPKL will also not challenge other existing restrictions on tobacco product advertisements. The SRO issued under question prohibits, many currently allowed but restricted, tobacco product advertisements in their entirety”.

Tax relief can boost tractor manufacturing M U LTA N —A veteran industrialist has prescribed reduction in sales tax to give boost to tractor manufacturing which has declined to only 18,376 units in 2013-14 from 71,000 in 2010-11 since the levy of sales tax in 2011-12. Multan Chamber of Commerce and Industry’s (MCCI) convener of sub committee on engineering, environment and energy, Mian Iqbal Hassan said on Friday the goal of modern and mechanized agriculture could only be achieved by reducing taxes on agriculture machinery and simplifying their purchase procedure. He said 80 per cent parts of tractors were manufactured locally and 71,000 units were manufactured in Pakistan in 201011, which not only had good quality but also carried the lowest price tag in the world. However, the manufacturing started reducing since 2011-12 with the levy of 16 per cent general sales tax and 49,745 units were produced in that year. It further reduced to 18,376 units in 2013-14, Mian Iqbal said adding that today the application of tractors per acre was 0.56 Horse Power in Pakistan that was far below the UN recommendations of 1.4 HP per acre. This ratio was 1.01 HP per acre in India, 1.37 HP per acre in China, and 2.83 HP per acre in Japan, he added. He said Pakistan’s agriculture production was much lower compared to its potential. Comparison with agriculture production of other countries shows that country was losing per annum sugar cane production by 40 per cent, wheat and cotton by 30 per cent, Basmati rice by 40 per cent and milk production by 70 per cent. He said that tractor industry was considered to be the mother industry of automobile sector and appealed to reduce sales tax on tractors to zero or at the most five per cent. He also requested to issue instructions to Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited to simplify procedures for purchase of tractors and allocate huge funding for the purpose. He also demanded an incentive package for export of tractors and its tools to earn foreign exchange.— APP

ISLAMABAD: Ms Lilianne Ploumen, Dutch Minister for Trade called on Engineer Khurram Dastgir Khan, Federal Minister for Commerce.

Netherlands keen to build economic ties with Pakistan I SLAMABAD —Building relations with emerging world economies like Pakistan, is a key to Dutch economic and trade policy which help to learn through the robust economic pursuits of the emerging markets as well as sharing the Dutch expertise and strategies with them. This was stated by Lilianne Ploumen, Dutch Minister for Trade who called on Commerce Minister, Engineer Khurram Dastgir Khan here on Friday. The Dutch Minister for Trade added that the Dutch companies working in Pakistan have a very positive view about the economic growth rate of Pakistan and they see more potential which can bring fruits for the nation in the years to come. Khurram Dastgir thanked and appreciated the support and efforts of the visiting Minister for commendable role of the Netherlands in securing GSP Plus and Autonomous Trade Preferences for Pakistan. Both the Ministers agreed that the existing level of bilateral trade of US$ 768 million does not reflect the true potential of trade available between the two countries. Talking to the visiting Minister, Engineer Khurram Dastgir Khan appreciated the role of the Netherlands Center for Promotion of Imports (CBI) in imparting technical expertise to many trade officials and businessmen over the years. The CBI had over the years conducted many capacity-building events both in the Netherlands and Pakistan helping small and medium size entrepreneurs to improve their ef-

ficiencies and output. The Dutch Minister for Trade appreciated the commitment of Government of Pakistan to effectively implement 27 United Nations Conventions pertaining to Human Rights, Labour Rights, Climate Change, Narcotics Control and Good Governance. The visiting Minister assured that Government of Netherlands would continue to assist Government of Pakistan in developing technical expertise. The Commerce Minister informed the Dutch Minister that a roundtable conference is being planned by Ministry of Commerce to be held in The Hague in the fall of 2014. Minister for Commerce will lead a delegation of prominent businessmen from Pakistan to meet their counterparts in the Netherlands. The conference will also aim to attract investment to Pakistan. The Dutch Minister informed that Government of Netherlands would be pleased to assist in making this roundtable a success in any manner. Dastgir said that there are challenges in doing business in Pakistan but the benefits outclass the challenges for the investors. He informed the Dutch minister that the world has started to look at Pakistan through the reality that facts provide instead of having preconceived notions about Pakistan. Resultantly, the investors from all over the world have shown keen interest to invest in Pakistan and explore the business potential in the numerous virgin markets, which would yield untold benefits for the pioneer investors, he added.—APP

EU consortium to invest $2.5b in energy sector AMANULLAH KHAN K ARACHI —Zakaria Usman, President FPCCI stated that the profitable friendly foreign investment policy of the government attracted the foreign investors in different sectors particularly in energy sector. The government has also initiated sincere efforts to resolve the issue of energy crises in Pakistan for which many projects have been started including coal energy project in Gadani, Thar etc. The President FPCCI further briefed that during their visit to Poland and Czech Republic with a high profile trade delegation under his leadership, they met a European Consortium led by a reputable Pakistan origin Czech entrepreneur in Czech Republic who showed interest to invest 2.5 $ billion in Thar coal project in Pakistan. The President FPCCI further stated that Pakistan and Czech Republic have trade and economic cooperation in various fields, which could be further strengthened to its true potential by improving investment and business relations between the two countries. In addition to the foreign investment in energy sector, the President FPCCI told that some local investors are also interested in energy sector for which government should devise a mechanism for the local power pro-

ducers and investors and allocate them specific area for distribution of electricity particularly in the rural areas. In this way huge amounts of subsidy on account of creating local healthy competition will diminish electricity price to the poor consumer and reduced prices will ultimately alleviate power crises and benefit the people. Khurram Sayeed; Vice President FPCCI who accompanied the President in the meeting with the EU entrepreneurs stated that earlier the same consortium had made offer for investment for the same purpose but due to no response and non-cooperation by the Pakistani officials; they refrained from doing the investment. Now; after presentation by the FPCCI; they have again agreed to visit Pakistan in June to seriously review the situation and sign the necessary MOU’s with relevant Government agencies. The President FPCCI further stated that over 60 years have passed and now the government and the private sector; together should sincerely come forward and exonerate all economic issues. He said that the government has to make the system and avoid adhocism so that corruption, misdeclaration and tax evasion should be removed and a healthy business environment can be developed by new industrialization and enhancement of bilateral trade.

‘Population influx to urban areas multiplying energy crisis’ AMANULLAH KHAN KARACHI—Energy crisis in Pakistan attributed to a number of factors including mismanagement, decline in new discoveries, lack of public awareness, slow recovery of dues and massive population shift to urban centers. This was the general perception of the panelists belonging to SSGC and Dawood University of Engineering and Technology (DUET) at a panel discussion organized by SSGC’s Corporate Communication Department, in collaboration with the engineering university. The discussion was held at the DUET Campus on May 23, 2014 and is part of SSGC’s ongoing drive to create awareness in educational institutions about energy related issues including the demand-supply shortfall and identifying solutions to resolve the crisis.

From SSGC’s side, panelists included Shoaib Warsi, SGM (Transmission) and Saeed Larik, DGM (Distribution). DUET was represented by its faculty members Salim Mughal, Bharat Kumar and Sikandar Abbasi. Dr. Faizullah Abbasi, Vice Chancellor DUET was the guest of honour. The panelists said that the primary causes of energy crisis can be attributed to changing government policies, shifting political environment, complex regulatory framework and law and order situation that have hampered related development work in many areas. One panelist emphasized on community-based solutions and said that organizations can adopt villages and turn them into self-sufficient communities involved in generating their own energy. SSGC’s Shoaib Warsi, SGM (Transmission) said that apart from the conventional resources,

the gas utility has been focusing on working towards importing LNG and setting up Synthetic Natural Gas plants in areas far away from the distribution grid. The panelists were of the view that the key to solving the current crisis lay in focusing not just on macro level energy projects but on smaller schemes to reach out to a wider network of customers affected by the crisis. They said that so far the focus has been on chasing conventional resources in mitigating the crisis. However the way forward should now be in exploring the vast potential offered by renewable energy such as wind and solar energy, especially since it is estimated that Pakistan has 43,000 MW of wind energy potential. In his keynote address, Dr. Faizullah Abbasi, Vice Chancellor, DUET appreciated the role of

SSGC in creating awareness about energy issues to its stakeholders including educational institutions through direct contact. He said that SSGC has recently collaborated with DUET in setting up a Centre for Innovation, Research, Creativity, Learning and Entrepreneurship (CIRCLE) for supporting the university’s strategic research directions and policies, promoting entrepreneurship and strengthening university-industry relationships. SSGC’s Shahbaz Islam, DGM (Corporate Communications) thanked the DUET organizers for collaborating with SSGC in holding this panel discussion. After the panel discussion, cash awards were given to the three DUET students who wrote articles on the topic entitled ‘My solutions for a brighter energy future’, an activity undertaken by SSGC to involve the students in its initiative.

Pre-budget seminar calls for equitable tax regime Currency




































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Port Qasim shipping activity K ARACHI —Five ships C.V Hugo Schulte, C.V New Delhi Express, M.T Ashada, M.V Salta and M.V Aelion Heritage carrying containers, 3,854 tonnes steel product, 68,257 tonnes furnace oil and 60,500 tonnes canola seeds were arranged berthing at Qasim International container Terminal, Multi Purpose Terminal and Grain & Fertilizer Terminal respectively at Port Qasim during last 24 hours. Meanwhile three more ships with containers and chemicals also arrived at outer anchorage of Port Qasim during the same period. Berth occupancy was maintained at the Port at 50% on Thursday where seven ships namely C.v Hugo Schulte, C.V Ne Delhi Express, M.V Ikan Sembak, M.V Salta, M.T Golden Gate Park, M.T Feng Hai-32 and M.T Ashada are currently occupying berths to load/ offload containers, cement, steel coil, steel pipes, chemicals, palm oil and furnace oil respectively during last 24 hours. A cargo volume of throughput during last 24 hours stood at 94,896 tonnes, comprises 77,671 tonnes imports and 17,225 tonnes exports inclusive containerized cargo carried in 1,496 containers (TEUs) (919 imports and 577 exports TEUs) were handled at the port. Container vessel Hugo Schulte’ sailed out to sea on Friday morning, ‘Golden Gate Park’ are expected to sail on same day afternoon. Three ships C.V Rio Bravo, m.T Atlantic Glory and M.T Chag An-1 carrying containers, chemicals and palm oil are expected to take berths at Container Terminal, Engro Terminal and Liquid Terminal respectively on Friday, while container ship ‘MSC Didem’ and edible oil carrier ‘Agrent Daisy’ are due to arrive at Port Qasim same day, and another containers ship ‘Kumasi’ is due to arrive on Saturday.—APP

Zong formally gets 3&4 G LTE license I SLAMABAD —Zong,

a China Mobile company ceremoniously became the first and only 3G and 4G telecom operator in the country, when Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif presented the mobile spectrum license to Dr. Fan YunJun, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Zong at a ceremony in Islamabad. The company had won the license at a bidding process held by Pakistan Telecommunications Authority (PTA) back in April. Zong has the fastest growth in subscriber base in the industry, which allowed the company to take over the third position; it also achieved another milestone by recently crossing a 26 Million-customer base. Zong is now geared to provide the benefits of Super 3G and 4G LTE connectivity across Pakistan and is now poised to make a greater difference in the industry as a leading telecom player.—PR

Tax-exemption SROs causing Rs 500b loss annually ZUBAIR QURESHI ISLAMABAD—At a time when Prime Minister’s office has acquired two BMWs exempting most of the duties on the import of these luxurious cars, financial experts have called for doing away with the culture of tax exemption. In Pakistan, annually, financial loss worth Rs500 billion is incurred on the national exchequer through Statutory Regulatory Orders (SROs) exempting the rich and the powerful from paying taxes. Last year alone, 80 SROs were issued despite the facts that tax imposition or exemption is the sole prerogative of the legislature (Parliament). This was said by internationally acclaimed tax consultant Dr Ikramul Haq at a policy dialogue titled “PreBudge Policy Dialogue: Equitable Tax Regime in Pakistan” jointly organized by TheNetwork for Consumer Protection. The event was organized with the support of Oxfam Novib. The pre-budget dialogue was also addressed by former Chairman and Secretary General Ministry of Finance Abdullah Yousuf, Chairman Sindh Revenue Board, Tashfeen K Niaz, Chairman Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE) Dr Asad Zaman and Programme Manager Essential Services Hague Netherlands, Ollariak Sawade. Legal consultants, representatives of civil society, government officials and students participated in the policy dialogue in large number. Sharing the findings of a recent study on the pro-rich regressive tax system of Pakistan and its devastating impact on the country’s economy Dr Ikram said Pakistan needed judicious and equitable tax system because the prevailing system is causing inequality in society and supporting those who manage to evade taxes in one way or the other. According to Dr Ikram SRO culture should come to an end as it does not exist even in India or other neighbouring countries. The SROs serve to exempt politicians, members of parliament, civil military bureaucracy from paying taxes which is unjust, unfair and discriminatory, said Dr Ikram. The money lost thus can otherwise be utilized on education, health and social sector. It is because of these SROs, FBR has never been able to meet its targets, he said. It is because of this discrepancy we have an increasing gap between the rich and the poor and the difference is rising with every passing day. “People who

are already in tax net are squeezed further. Dr Ikram however welcomed the present government’s recent statement that it would discourage SROs culture and withdraw Rs120 billion in this way. Dr Ikram advocated formation of National Tax Authority that could force all having taxable income to file tax returns according to their ability. Progressive taxation he said is envisaged in Article 3 of the Constitution of Pakistan and poverty is directly linked with inequitable distribution of income and wealth, reveals his study. Abdullah Yousuf was of the view the federal government was facing fiscal deficit and mounting trade deficit. Fiscal deficit is around Rs 1.9 trillion, debt servicing, lack of tax documentation and trade deficit, as our exports are relatively poor as compared to the quality of imports. The government should draw a clear line as who should pay and who should not pay. Like other participants, he also called for automation of current tax system. At present 77 percent of our total taxes are being paid by low-income groups and against an amount of Rs1.67 trillion only Rs2.25 trillion are collected in form of direct taxes, said Yousuf. He asked every one, individual and the institution to help the government and tax authorities and thus contribute in the larger interest of the country. Tashfeen K Niaz chief of Sindh Board of Revenue said provinces and the provincial tax authorities were doing much better than the FBR. Giving example of his own province, he said after the devolution of powers under the 18th amendment Sindh was empowered to collect taxes in different heads and last year it earned Rs333 million as compared to FBR’s Rs73 million the previous year. He said FBR lacked certain direction and kept changing policies, which ultimately took toll on the province’s revenue. As compared to tax and revenue generation before the launch of 18th Amendment, Sindh has made a monumental increase of 133 percent in last three years, he struck a positive note. He also called for capacity building and automation of the tax system. Dr Asad Zaman was of the view poverty was a much complicated issue and should be seen in a broader and larger perspective. He advocated different strategies to bring the wealthy in the tax net keeping in view the strength and level of resistance. Ollariak Sawade called for tax justice as it can have very fruitful and positive effect on Pakistan’s social and infrastructural development.

Pakistan-Philippines joint economic session after Ramadan STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Ambassador of the Philippines, Domingo d. Lucenario, JR has said that Pakistan-Philippines Joint Economic Interactive Session will be organized after the holy month of Ramadan in Islamabad, which will provide an opportunity to exchange ideas on how to further enhance trade relations between the two countries. Speaking at a meeting during his visit to Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI), the Filipino Ambassador said that his government also plans to host a Pakistani business delegation’s visit to Manila and other cities in Philippines in the month of September 2014 with a view to promote business-to-business interactions. In this regard, he invited KCCI members to become part of this delegation’s visit to Philippines. Vice Chairman Businessmen Group & Former President KCCI, Anjum Nisar, President KCCI, Abdullah Zaki, Senior Vice President KCCI, Muffasar A. Malik, Vice President KCCI, Muhammad Idrees, Former Vice President KCCI, Nasir Mehmood and other Managing Committee members attended the meeting whereas Honorary Consul of the Philippines, Vaqar Ahson, Commercial

KASB Bank declares Rs 237m operational profit

LAHORE: Federal Minister for National Food Security and Research Sikandar Bosan speaks during 3rd International Halal Conference and Expo 2014.

KARACHI: President of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Abdullah Zaki presenting Chamber’s crest to Ambassador of the Republic of Philippines, Domingo d Lucenario, JR during his visit to KCCI.

K ARACHI —The Board of

Directors of KASB Bank has announced its annual results for 2013. The operating profit was Rs.237 million. The bank has remained in a comfortable liquidity zone throughout the year. Current and Saving deposits (CASA) were 76% of total deposits as at 31st December 2013. The management plans to generate additional deposits without distorting its low cost deposit base. The Bank’s focus has remained on recoveries of its stuck up advances (NPLs). The good news is that the bleeding of NPLs is coming to an end. The net NPLs reduced to Rs 3.1 billion whereas the coverage ratio has increased to 72% from 52% last year. Furthermore, NPLs worth Rs 4 billion stand fully provided for. The future plans show significant recoveries from the stuck up portfolio of NPLs going forward. The management has successfully completed conversion of 20 branches into business branches. These branches have been separated from Branch Banking and have become part of Business unmatched services to our customers, and Group broken down into we are always working on strategic goals North and South.—PR that are customer-oriented. We are excited to be joining hands with the leading private sector insurance company of Pakistan. This partnership with Jubilee Life will help in providing additional value to our customers and strengthening our relationship with them.” Commenting on the occasion, Mr. Javed Ahmed, MD and CEO, Jubilee Life, said “Bancassurance has been an excellent stimulus to the insurance industry making products and services eas- ISLAMABAD —Ufone, an ily accessible to an extended customer base Etisalat Group of Company, and has contributed to the industry’s has taken the lead in the growth. Our alliance with Habib Metropoli- telecom sector by commertan Bank, which is one of the leading finan- cially launching its 3G sercial institutions in the country, will give us vices in Pakistan, starting a unique platform to provide Bancassurance off first in Lahore, products and services. We at Jubilee Life Islamabad, Rawalpindi, and always try to reach out to our customers Karachi promising users a through various distribution channels pro- hands-on experience of viding them with the best solutions accord- third generation mobile teing to their needs. We are hopeful that this lephony and its wonders. partnership will be very fruitful for both the The company with a track partners.” record of innovation and leading-edge technology expertise is poised to lead the advent of 3G in Pakistan. Speaking at the occasion, Mr. Taimur Cheema, GM Marketing Ufone, said, “today is a landmark day, not only for Ufone but also for at the Traditional Socrates Award Ceremony the cellular industry in Pakiin the framework of Business Leaders Sum- stan. Ufone will strive to provide excellent coverage to mit on July 2, 2014, at Stresa, Italy. The awards are being presented to meet customer expectations NESPAK in recognition of its excellent busi- and will be operating in comness reputation, effective management and pliance with the Information constant growth. The company was cho- Memorandum. The real bensen when ranked against the following cri- efits of 3G for users are only teria: investment attraction, high technolo- realized when good quality gies, quality and staff for professional and service is available across the modern management methods. The research coverage area. Ufone’s 3G was conducted by the analytical centres of service assures highest level the Europe Business Assembly (EBA, Ox- of speeds at affordable prices.”— PR ford, UK). Counselor, Embassy of the Philippines in New Delhi - India, John Paul B. INIGO, and Economic Officer & Attaché of Embassy of the Philippines, Helen R. Firme-Subido were also present on the occasion. The Ambassador, while commenting on existing trade volume of $114 million between Pakistan and Philippines, said that the modest trade volume can substantially be raised by enhancing exchange of trade delegations, exploring new opportunities and identifying hurdles in way of smooth trade. “Pakistanand Philippines have been enjoying cordial relations since past 65 years and both countries continue to support each other. Although good diplomatic and friendly relations exist between the two countries but efforts must be made to make these relations stronger”, he added. He said that Pakistan was the sixth largest country in terms of population, which makes it a big market whereas Philippines with a population 100 million also offers immense opportunities to Pakistani businessmen and industrialists. Underscoring the need to liberalize visa policy, the Ambassador informed that the Philippines was reviewing its visa policy, which will further be liberalized by June 2014 in order to facilitate the business community of Pakistan.

KARACHI: Javed Ahmed, MD & CEO, Jubilee Life and Mr. Sirajuddin Aziz, President, Habib Metropolitan Bank leading the bancassurance signing ceremony.

Jubilee Life, Habib Metropolitan Bank link for bancassurance OBSERVER REPORT KARACHI —Habib Metropolitan Bank will be introducing insurance and savings products designed by Jubilee Life to its customer base. Jubilee Life has been the pioneer in the industry to introduce the bancassurance distribution channel. Since then, it has achieved remarkable growth and is currently leading with over 50% share of new premiums written through its Bancassurance business. This arrangement was formalized in a recently organized signing ceremony where Mr. Sirajuddin Aziz, President Habib Metropolitan Bank and Mr. Javed Ahmed, Managing Director & CEO Jubilee Life, signed the agreement. S.M. Talib Rizvi, Group Head/Senior Executive Vice president, HMB was also present at the occasion. The ceremony took place on May 22, 2014. Speaking of this partnership, Mr. Sirajuddin Aziz said, “Habib Metropolitan Bank descends from a name that has a 160-year heritage of honesty, trust and respect. It is our ambition to always provide innovative products and

EBA nominates NESPAK for best manager of the year award MUZAFFAR ALI L AHORE —Winning laurels for the Company as well as Government of Pakistan at the international level, Amjad A. Khan, Managing Director NESPAK, has been nominated for the prestigious award of the Best Manager of the Year by the Europe Business Assembly (EBA). In the same spirit, National Engineering Services of Pakistan (Pvt) Limited (NESPAK) has been recognized as the Best Enterprise in quality and management spheres. MD NESPAK has been invited to receive this top honour

Ufone takes lead in commercially launching 3G

RAWALPINDI: Dr. Shumail Daud, President, Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Aftab Ahmad Khan, Chief Commissioner Regional Tax office with other members in group photo.

Daily opening & closing rates PMEX Index Total Volume (Lots): Traded Value (Rs):

3,036 9,436 2,349,080,068


Price Quotation ....................... Open $ Per Barrel ....................... 103.96 $ Per Ounce ....................... 19.578 $ Per Ounce ....................... 1,296.9 Rs Per 10 gms ....................... 41,600 Rs Per Tola ....................... 49,894 Rs Per Tola ....................... 49,894 Rs Per 100 kg ....................... 3,575 Rs Per Maund ....................... 4,492 Rs Per kg ....................... 45.35 US Cents per pound ..................... 89.66 Rs Per 100 kg ....................... 3,401

Close 103.86 19.437 1,292.4 41,482 49,719 49,719 3,575 4,491 45.34 87.56 3,400

The total value traded was reported at PKR 2,349m. Number of lots traded were registered at 9,436 and PMEX Commodity Index closed at 3,036. Major business was contributed by gold amounting to PKR 1,652m, followed by crude oil (PKR 550m) and silver (PKR 145m).

WAPDA stun PIA to set date with NBP in National Junior Hockey final K A R A C H I —Defending Champion WAPDA and NBP stormed into Saturday’s final of 33rd National Junior Hockey Championship after contrasting victories in the semi-finals at the Hockey Club of Pakistan Stadium on Friday. Last year’s runners-up NBP defeated Punjab Colors 4-1 thanks to a double strike by speedy winger Shan Irshad. After the barren first quarter, Wasim Akram put banker’s in front in 16th minutes with a smart field goal. Third quarter saw as many as three goals in 15 minutes. After Ammar Hussain par-term by netting in 31st minutes for Punjab Colors, Shan’s brilliant stick work and dribble gave NBP upper hand. Shan again put NBP ahead with a field effort in 38th minutes and added his second in 44th minutes as they secured 3-1 lead. Aqeel Latif deflected a long cross in the cage in 49th minutes as NBP increased their lead to 4-1. Earlier Forward Muhammad Bilal Mehmood scored seconds from the

hooter to guide WAPDA to 3-2 victory over favorites PIA in the first semi-finals. The match was locked 2-2 after intriguing 59-minute tussle. But Bilal’s freak goal 12 seconds before the close helped WAPDA to seize a victory. It was superb and great fight back by WAPDA as they came from two goal down to overpower national carrier. Two snaps goals by Abubakar and Aamir Ali gave PIA 2-0 lead in the first quarter. Abu Bakar put PIA in front in the 13th minute and just before the break Aamir converted a penalty corner to consolidate their position. In a remarkable comeback, two brilliant goals in a space of three minutes from Mudassar Ali helped WAPDA levelled the terms. Mudassar sounded the board in 21st minute and banged the second in 23rd minute. The final of the tournament will be played on Saturday at 3.30. Sindh Health Minister Dr.Sagheer Ahmed will be chief guest at the presentation ceremony.— APP

50 entries submitted for Karachi Commisioner sports awards K ARACHI —Around fifty names and en- basis of their performances at the natries were submitted by the members of the jury for Karachi Commissioner ’s Sports awards in senior and junior categories for their outstanding performances in the year-2013 for Karachi. Names of proposed athletes were presented during the fifth meeting of Awards Committee held at the Commissioner Office, here on Friday. The meeting was presided over by Vice President, Karachi Chambers of Commerce and Industry, Nasir Mehmood, who is also chairman of the jury. Ten awards in senior and junior categories in men, women, boys and girls will be given after completing the due process by the jury. Former Test left arm spinner and NBP Sports Chief, Iqbal Qasim suggested that players should be honoured in those games in which Pakistan achieved excellence at the international level. Now, some of the juries will shortlist the players for the awards on the

tional and provincial levels. Members of the jury which included former Pakistan hockey captain and chief selector, Islahuddin Siddiqui, Director Sindh Sports Board, Shahzad Pervez Bhatti, journalists Anwar Zuberi, Ehsan Qureshi, Shakeel Kanga and Syed Nasar Iqbal submitted the names for best players awards. Jury members which also included Director Sindh Sports Board, Shahzad Pervez Bhatti, Sports Organisers Syed Zahid Ali Rizvi and Khalid Rehmani. The meeting was also attended by Director, Local Government Sindh, Rubina Asif. Commissioner Karachi, Shoaib Ahmed Siddiqui constituted the committee and jury to encourage the talented sports persons by presenting awards for their performances in the field. Sindh Governor or Chief Minister will be invited to be the chief guest at the presentation ceremony of the awards in first or second week of August.—APP

Pugilists gearing-up for CW, Asian Games K A R A C H I —Pakistan boxing camps in build-up for this year ’s Commonwealth (CW) and Asian Games were in full swing here at Pakistan Sports Board Coaching Centre. “Our preparations are going well with 26 fist-fighters going throw rigorous training, coaching and sparring,” a spokesman of Pakistan Boxing Federation Ali Akbar Shah told APP on Friday. He said both these games are very important for Pakistan as they have won medals in both events in the past. However, he said it was bit disappointing that Pakistani boxers failed to win any medal in 2010 Guanzghou Asian Games. “But boys are really working in the training camp for bring some medals from Asian and Commonwealth Games,” Ali

Akbar, who is the Chairman of Pakistan Referee/Judge Commission said. He was hoping that a full-fledged 10member Pakistan boxing squad will be sent for Asian Games while 6-boxer are expected to take part in CW Games. He said out of the 32 camp trainees, six were allowed leave for appearing in the ongoing intermediate examinations. He said seven army boxers are not attending the camp as they are preparing for the World Military Games being held in Almaty from May 26 to June 4. He said besides Asian Games and CW Games, they are also preparing for 2015 World Boxing Championship which will also serve as the qualifying rounds of 2016 Olympics being staged in Brazil.—APP

Punjab win titles of int’l provincial girls events L AHORE—Punjab clinched the trophies in Inter-Provincial Girls U-16 Badminton and Table Tennis Championships while the Boys U14 Badminton trophy went to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) here on Friday. KPK and Azad Kashmir finished the Girls U-16 Badminton contest at second and third position respectively while in the Boys U14 Badminton event, the second and third spots went to Punjab and Fata respectively. Sindh and KP were placed second and third in the Girls U-16 Table Tennis Championship. Punjab’s Manaal Tariq, who defeated Arfa of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) in the title clash of Inter-Provincial U-16 Badminton Championship by the score of 21-19 and 21-18, was adjudged the best player of the event. The best players awards in Boys U-14 Badminton and Girls U-16 Table Tennis were clinched by KP’s Hamza and Punjab’s Fatima respectively. Director General Sports Board Punjab Usman Anwar distributed prizes among the winners at SBP Nishtar Park Sports Gymnasium Hall.—APP

Special children Badminton tournament concludes I S L A M A B A D —Badminton tournament for special children concluded on Friday here at National Special Education Centre for Hearing impaired children H-9. Two days badminton tournament was organized by Pakistan Badminton Foundation for Under-16 Boys and Girls of the Centre. In which 32 best selected boys and girls took part in one single game competition of 11 points where points were called by sign language and specially designed score board. Chairman, Pakistan badminton foundation Raziuddin Ahmad, international badminton coach said in his address that the passionate participation in badminton event of special children who are suffering from hearing and speaking disabilities was very impressive. He said Badminton Foundation will equip the badminton court of the Centre according to the international signs necessary for learning badminton for such disable players including technical score boards and also maintenance of the ground for outdoor activities will done on our part. According to the results, Haseeb Bashir won first and Shah Hussain got second position in boys, while Aneela Atta declared winner and Khais Bibi runner up among the girls event. Muhammad Shahbaz and Qamar Raza conducted the matches.—APP

KARACHI: Players trying to hold the ball during quarter-final football match between SZABIST and Humdard University.

Army beat PAF in Inter-Services Soccer

ISLAMABAD—Inter Club Foot P E S H AWA R —Spirited Pakistan Army most of the time the two teams were con- Ball Championship, in constunned Pakistan Air Force by 3-0 in a thrilling match of the ongoing Inter-Services Football Championship being played here at PAF Sports Complex ground on Friday. The Pakistan Army team took the lead in the very 5th minute through Naveed on the field attempt and he doubled the lead in the 20th minute through similar fashion. After taking 2-0 lead, Army did not give much chance to host PAF to strike back. Army deep defenders along with midfielders have vigilant eye on the PAF forwards like Mjahid, Aamir, Afal, Asif and Iqbal and did not allow any of the them to score. At halt-time Army was leading with 2-0. It was the second session in which

fined to mid-field and none of them could make any worthwhile move. The Army sides also adopted a defensive strategy by playing with man-to-man marking. PAF did some resistance to reduce the margin but first the attempt of Mujahid was nicely intercepted by Army goal-keeper and secondly the left foot attempt of Aamir went wide from the goal-post. Apart from the two last moment attacks, the Army team mostly dominated the proceedings, and did not allow PAF to play with free hands. It was the dying moments when Pakistan Army slammed in a beautiful goal to make the tally through Naveed. It was the second hat-trick scored by Navy for Army. Thus Army won the match by 30.—APP

nection with Margalla Sports Festival has been started in Islamabad, here on Friday. On The direction of Chairman Capital Development Authority (CDA), Maroof Afzal, the directorate of Sport and Culture has started the Margalla Sports Festival to provide the entertainment activities to citizen of Islamabad. Sixteen teams of federal capital are participating in the tournament, all teams are placed in four pool and each pool consist four teams.—APP

POF establishes National Junior Volleyball Camp SPORTS REPORTER W A H C ANTT —Chairman Pakistan Ordinance Factories (POF) Board Lt Gen Muhammad Ahsan Mahmood, established National Junior Volleyball Camp at POF Sports Complex. This training camp provide the international standard volleyball playing environment along with swimming and fitness center facilities. Col (R) Inamullah Khan, Vice President POF Sports Control Board is the camp commandant and Mr. Najam ul Hassan, Muhammad Akram and Fazal Rabi are the coaches and trainers. During this training camp best 12 players will be selected for National Junior Volleyball team, which will participate in Asian Junior Men’s Volleyball Championship, which will be held in Bahrain. Col (R) Inam Ullah Khan will lead the Pakistan Volleyball team. Before this championship PVF has arranged a 5 matches series at Bangkok, Thailand from 23rd to 30th May, 2014 for training purpose.

Pioneers Cricket league concludes at PU

ISLAMABAD: Members of Street Child Football team with the students of Muslim Hand School during the award giving ceremony at Awan-e-Quaid.

Inter Club Football C’ship starts in capital

L AHORE—Three days Pioneers Premier Cricket League concluded with the victory of Islamians of Sheikh Zayed Islamic Centre (SZIC) team, here Friday. As many as 105 teams of various university departments participated in the tournament organized by the Islami Jamiat Tulaba while National Cricket Team players Umar Akmal,Azhar Ali and Aezaz Cheema were the chief guests. Four teams qualified for semi finals while the final match was played between IBIT Rocks and Islamians of SZIC.After an interesting game, Islamians won the match.—APP

ISLAMABAD: Players in action during PSF, RISJA Squash Cup.

Saeed Ajmal asks for explanation from ECB K ARACHI —Pakistan ace spinner Saeed Ajmal is to ask for an explanation from the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) after Stuart Broad appeared to question the legality of the bowler’s action. Ajmal, who played a large part in Pakistan’s whitewash Test series victory over England in the UAE at the start of 2012, is currently playing for Worcestershire as an overseas player in the County Championship. He claimed 13 wickets in their recent victory over Essex, including a careerbest haul of 7 for 19 in the second innings. That led to Michael Vaughan, the former England captain, posting a still photograph of Ajmal bowling during the game on Twitter with the caption “You are allowed 15 degrees of flex in your delivery swing.... justsaying”, it was reported by leading cricket website on Friday. Broad then replied with the comment “This has to be a fake photo?” before a further tweet stated: “Bowlers can bowl very differently in a lab while being tested compared to needing wickets in the middle.” Saeed Ajmal has concluded that this implied that the action he uses in a match situation is not the same as that used in testing. He has also concluded that the comments insinuate that his action may not

be legitimate.He has instructed his agent to talk to the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) and ECB about the comments and seek an explanation. As a centrally contracted player, Broad is restricted in the comments he can make about fellow players and can be penalised if they are found to be derogatory. It has long been known that Ajmal bowls with a bend in his arm.That is not against the playing regulations for international cricket, though, and after exhaustive tests, the ICC concluded that his arm did not straighten by 15 degrees and therefore declared his action legitimate. As part of the ICC testing procedure, match footage is used alongside videos made “in a lab” and compared to ensure it is identical. Umpires are then able to copy TV footage of bowlers in action and super-impose them on the testing footage to check that a bowlers’ action has not subsequently deteriorated.It is understood by ‘ESPNcricinfo’ that the umpires involved in the Pakistan-England series in the UAE used this facility to check that Ajmal’s action was the same as when it was tested.They found it to be identical. Umpires in county cricket can report international bowlers to the ECB just as they would domestic bowlers should they have any doubts over their action.—APP

Jordan leads England to victory over Sri Lanka L O N D O N —Chris Jordan starred over Sri Lanka in a rain-marred one- Ravi Bopara under the Oval floodday international at The Oval on Thursday. The Sussex all-rounder’s belligerent 38 not out off just 13 balls propelled England to a total Dilshan b Jordan ............ 33 of 247 for six in Sangakkara b Gurney ....... 8 an innings reJayawardene c Morgan duced by rain to b Tredwell ....................... 35 39 overs. Mathews b Tredwell ........ 1 And, on Chandimal b Jordan ......... 8 his former SurKulasekara c Buttler rey home b Jordan ............................. 0 ground, the BarPerera c Root b Tredwell .. 2 bados-born JorSenanayake b Gurney .... 11 dan took three Malinga b Bopara ........... 10 wickets for 25 Lakmal not out .................. 4 runs, including Extras: (b 5, lb 2, three for three w 6, nb 2) ......................... 15 in 12 balls. Total: (all out) ................ 144 S r i Fall of wickets: 1-0, 2-19, 3- Lanka, chasing 63, 4-88, 5-108, 6-108, 7-114, a target of 226 in 8-118, 9-138, 10-144 32 overs after a Bowling: ............ O-M-R-W fresh downAnderson .............. 5-1-22-1 pour, never reGurney .................. 5-0-20-2 covered and finJordan ................... 6-0-25-3 ished on 144 in JE Root .................... 1-0-7-0 27.5 overs when Bopara ................ 4.5-0-25-1 Lasith Malinga Tredwell ................ 6-0-38-3 was bowled by

with both bat and ball as England set off on the road to next year ’s World Cup with a an 81-run win

England innings: Cook c Sangakkara b Kulasekara ...................... 11 Bell b Mathews .............. 50 Balance c Chandimal b Senanayake ................. 64 Morgan b Senanayake ..... 3 Root lbw b Kulasekara ... 45 Bopara lbw b Senanayake 3 Buttler not out ................ 26 Jordan not out ................ 38 Extras: (b 1, lb 1, w 5) ........ 7 Total: (6 wickets) .......... 247 Fall of wickets: 1-22, 2-101, 3104, 4-145, 5-152, 6-193 Bowling: ............ O-M-R-W Malinga ................. 8-0-71-0 Kulasekara ............ 8-1-60-2 Lakmal ................... 6-0-34-0 Perera .................... 3-0-25-0 Mathews ............... 6-0-25-1 Senanayake .......... 8-0-30-3 Sri Lanka innings: Thirimanne lbw b Anderson ...................... 0

Afridi may quit ODIs after 2015 World Cup

Japan upset China in Thomas Cup N E W D E L H I —Japan caused a sensa-

LAHORE—Pakistan allrounder Shahid Afridi says he might retire from one-day internationals after the World Cup next year and just concentrate on Twenty20s. Afridi quit test cricket four years ago but the hardhitting allrounder is a regular member of the limited-overs teams. He has played in three World Cups, and captained the team to the 2011 semifinals. Afridi says the 2015 World Cup in Australia and New Zealand is “important for two, three senior members of the team. I may retire (after the World Cup) and continue playing Twenty20 cricket.” The Pakistan Cricket Board has organized a onemonth fitness camp in Lahore before announcing the central contracts, and Afridi says while he has attended lots of camps during his 18-year career, “no doubt this camp is very tough.”—AP

Nofil bags U-18 tennis title I SLAMABAD —Syed Nofil Kaleem clinched the boys under 18 title by beating top seed Mudasir in the final of 1st AJ Mirza Pharma SeniorJunior National Ranking Tennis Championship played here at PTF Tennis Complex. An amount of Rs 75000 was distributed as prize money amongst the participants. All the outstation players were provided accommodation as well as paid daily allowance. No entry fee charges from players. This tournament was sponsored by A.J. Mirza Pharma and organized by Pakistan Seniors Tennis Association and in collaboration with Pakistan Tennis Federation. Major General, Haroon Sikandar Pasha (Retd) grace the occasion as chief guest and distributed the prized amongst the winners and runner ups. Following are the results of the matches. Boys Under 18 final match: Syed Nofil Kaleem beat Muhammad Mudasir 36,6-2,6-4. Boys Under 14 final match: Barkatullah beat Saqib Umer 6-2,6-2. Senior 35 Singles final: Hamid ul Haq beat Mehmood Khan 6-3,6-3 Junior Doubles final: M. Mudasir / M. Muzamil beat Syed Nofil Kaleem / Arham Atiq 6-3,60.—APP

lights. “I came in to try to score with a flurry and I’m glad it came off,” manof-the-match Jordan told BBC Radio after England took a 1-0 lead in this five-match series. “We wanted as many runs as we could because Sri Lanka bat really deep and we were wary of that.” England captain Alastair Cook added: “Everyone played well and it was an impressive batting display. “Those 30 runs at the end of the innings really made the difference.” Disappointed Sri Lanka captain Angelo Mathews did not hold back in criticising his team. “ W e wanted as many runs as we could because Sri Lanka bat really deep and we were wary of that.” “A pretty poor performance by our whole team, starting off with our bowlers..but the English batsmen did well. “We need to keep our heads held high and come back strongly.” England, in their first match in the format against a Test nation since Peter Moores returned as head coach quickly reduced Sri Lanka to 19 for two.—AFP

NEW DELHI: China’s Chai Biao and Hong Wei compete during the men’s doubles match against Japan’s Hayakawa Kenichi and Endo Hiroyuki in the semifinal of Thomas Cup badminton championship.

tional upset in the men’s Thomas Cup on Friday, knocking out overwhelming favourites and defending champions China 3-0 in the semi-final in New Delhi. China, seeking a record sixth consecutive title in the team championships, held every two years, never recovered after Chen Long lost to Kenichi Tago in the opening singles. World number two Chen lasted just 43 minutes against the aggressive fourth-ranked Tago to go down 21-13, 21-11. Japan made it 2-0 through the doubles pair of Kenichi Hayakawa and Hiroyuki Endo, who beat Chai Biao and Hong Wei 22-20, 21-19. The 15th-ranked Kento Momoto sealed the tie for the 2012 semi-finalists by coming from behind to upset world number six Du Pengyu 23-25, 21-18, 2114 after an hour and 25 minutes. World champion Lin Dan, who was due to play the fifth match, was left stranded as the Japanese celebrated a famous win at the Siri Fort stadium in the Indian capital. Japan await the winners of the second semi-final between Indonesia and Malaysia in Sunday’s final.—AFP

Pakistan to participate in Asian Cycling Championship L AHORE —Ten-member Pakistan cycling clists, and five cyclists in the under 23 catcontingent left here Friday for Kazakhstan to feature in the Asian cycling championship, being held in Astana from May 28 to June 1. “Our team is a blend of youth as all the players are U23 and we have pinned high hopes from them “, said President, Pakistan Cycling Federation, Munawar Baseer at a news conference here along with Secretary, PCF, Syed Azhar Ali Shah. Following is the team, (Junior Category): Ghulam Hussain, Sindh, Faisal Zaheer, Sindh. Under 23 categories:- Muhammad Sajid, Pak Army, Zeeshan ali, SSGC, Abid Tariq, SSGC,Najeebullah, Balochistan, Hafiz Tahir Mahmood, HEC. Pakistan will participate only in road events of the championship. The Pakistan team consists of two under 18 junior cy-

egory. Syed Azhar Ali Shah, Secretary General PCF, informed that for the first time in the history of Pakistan cycling the PCF selection committee selected cyclists in under 23 and junior categories owing to the fact the under 23 timing was better than the existing elite and senior cyclists of the country. “We hope that our cyclists will rise to the occasion by producing good results “,he added. He stated the selection was made on the basis of the performance of cyclists in a series of road events held in past eight months including the recently held national cycling championship at Lahore. The cycling training camp commenced from March 26 last in Lahore, and was supported by Pakistan Sports Board (PSB).

LONDON: Chris Jordan celebrates the wicket of Dinesh Chandimal during England vs Sri Lanka 1st ODI at The Oval.

Chelsea’s Schwarzer wins elite Australian award

Williams sisters set for early tie in French Open

PARIS—Serena Williams is set S YDNEY —Chelsea goal- for a third round clash with siskeeper Mark Schwarzer won the Alex Tobin Medal recognised as the Australian players’ highest honour on

Friday. Schwarzer, 41, who has retired from international level but still plays for Chelsea in the English Premier League, is the sixth recipient of the medal. He joins elite company from Australia’s national team—the Socceroos— past and present, including the late Johnny Warren, Joe Marston, Craig Johnston, Mark Viduka and Frank Farina, who are all Tobin medallists. The medal, presented to Schwarzer on Friday in Sydney by the Professional Footballers Australia (PFA), is awarded to a player who has demonstrated leadership, achievement as a player, commitment to one’s fellow professionals, and service and dedication to the game. Schwarzer, who is Australia’s most capped international player, said it was a great honour to receive the award. “I feel extremely privileged to have joined some of the truly outstanding players,” said Schwarzer, who made 109 appearances for his country and played in two World Cups.—AFP

ter Venus following Friday’s draw for the French Open. The defending champion and top seed will open her 13th campaign at Roland Garros with a match against young French wildcard Alize Lim, while Venus, who has never won in Paris and went out in the first round last year, starts against Belinda Bencic of Switzerland. If she makes it through to the last eight, The American’s opponent could be seventh seed Maria Sharapova who she beat in last year’s final. The Russian was the French Open champion the previous year and is seeded seventh this year. Potential semi-final opponents include third seed Agnieszka Radwanska of Poland, who took Serena to three sets in the 2012 Wimbledon final or big-hitting German Angelique Kerber. The bottom half of the draw sees second seed and 2011 French Open champion Li Na of China get things underway with a tie against France’s Kristina Mladenovic, the junior champion at Roland Garros in 2009. Rafael Nadal will open his quest for a ninth French Open crown with a tie against US veteran wildcard Robby Ginepri following Friday’s draw. The 27-year-old Spaniard has a 59-1 win record at Roland Garros since he first appeared in Paris in 2005, his only loss being to Robin Soderling of Sweden in a 2009 fourth round match.

Century on debut is more important than being oldest Indian Test player BIPIN DANI OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT MUMBAI—Confusion prevailed over the identity of the oldest living Indian crick-

Croatia defender Strinic out of World Cup ZAGREB —Croatia defender

ZAGREB: Croatia defender Ivan Strinic will miss the World Cup with a leg injury.

Ivan Strinic will miss the World Cup with a leg injury, national team coach Niko Kovac said. “Unfortunately the situation with Strinic is not good,” Kovac told reporters in Zagreb, a day before the squad was set to depart for Austria for a preWorld Cup training camp. “That’s why we have decided that he will not go with us for the preparations in Austria, nor to the World Cup. He would be out of training for at least ten days. The 26year-old Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk left-back had been struggling with a muscle problem in his left leg for the past three weeks.—AFP

But Nadal’s uncustomary struggles on clay in the buildup to Roland Garros means that he is not the outstanding favourite he usually is, with world number two Novak Djokovic also fancied to win what would be his first French Open title. Nadal is facing a quarter-final tie against fellow Spaniard David Ferrer, who notched up a rare win against him recently, with either Australian Open champion Stan Wawrinka or Britain’s Andy Murray waiting in the semi-finals.—AFP

eter after the demise of Madhav Mantri who at the age of 92 died due to heartattack in Mumbai on Friday morning. Few statisticians say that Pananmal Punjabi, who played five Test for India is the next oldest living Indian cricketer at the age of 92 years 245 days. However, the cricketers of old generations insist the former opener died a few years ago. Punjabi’s death was confirmed by two former prominent Indian players, Madhav Apte and Nari Contractor. “He definitely died at least 2-3 years ago, I very well remember”, Nari Contactor said. “He also played for Gujarat along with

me and was staying in Cuffe Parade area in Mumbai. I am sure about his death”. “I did read about P.H.Punjabi’s death in the news papers some years ago”, Madhav Apte added. Interestingly, the officials at BCCI were unaware about P.H.Puinjabi’s demise. “He was a member of our Radio Club and our records suggest he died in the year 2011”, the official (Irfan) at Radio Club said exclusively. This leaves Deepak Shodhan at the current age of 85 years-217 days as the oldest Indian living Test cricketer. Shodhan played three Tests for India and had registered the test hundred on debut. “I give more important of my hundred at debut than being the oldest Indian cricketer”, he said over telephone from Ahmedabad. This is because my century came nearly 20 years after Lala Amarnath’s ton. And that too when I came into batting at no. 8. My Test average of 60 was there for so many years and I feel proud about it”, he further added. “Overall I am keeping good health, though having pace-maker and age-related illness”, he added. “I have enjoyed my life fully and will have no regrets if have to fol,low Mantri, he signed off.

Athlete anxiety no excuse to skip heart test


FTER finding that student-athletes felt no more distress about heart screening with electrocardiograms, or ECGs, than they did with physical exams, a new study concludes that anxiety should not be considered a reason to avoid giving the test. An ECG measures the electrical activity of the heart and can detect disturbances that could predispose people to rare but dangerous cardiac arrests. Sudden cardiac death is the most common cause of death during exercise, researchers note. Italy and Israel mandate ECG screening as part of sports pre-participation examinations, while the debate over whether to require athletes to get the test has become increasingly contentious in the United States. One of the downsides of ECGs is that they sometimes suggest a heart problem that turns out to be a false alarm upon further testing. In the interim, athletes may fear for their health or their future in sports. “This is the first study to look at the psychological impact to athletes when they get screened,” lead author Dr. Irfan Asif told Reuters Health. “There’s nothing to indicate you shouldn’t get an ECG because of stress.” Asif, from the University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine in Knoxville, and his team studied 952 high school athletes who participated in a range of sports. The students all received a medical history and physical examination to screen for underlying heart problems. All but 150, who served as a comparison group, also

received an ECG. Of the 802 participants who were screened with ECG, 220 had an abnormal finding at some point during the screening process. Six of those represented serious heart conditions, and the rest were false positives. Reviews of a student’s medical history led to 127 of the false positives. An additional 50 false positives were a result of physical exams, 14 were from ECG readings and 29 were due to multiple indications. The researchers found no difference in students’ distress levels immediately after screening based on whether their testing had included an ECG. A 2007 American Heart Association statement on cardiovascular screening warns that falsepositive results from ECGs could lead to unnecessary anxiety, the authors write in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. But the current investigation showed no differences in distress levels based on the reason for the false-positive evaluation - the vast majority of which resulted from a review of a student’s personal and family medical history. “The athletes we’ve interviewed are actually very grateful that someone’s tried to save their lives,” Asif said. “We’re not really seeing negative consequences. We’re seeing very positive benefits.” But pediatric cardiologist Dr. Peter Fischbach from Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta told Reuters Health the study protocol limited its generalizability. Fischbach, who is also affiliated with Emory University School of Medicine, was not involved with the new study.

Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah at a meeting with DG Rangers Maj Gen Rizwan Akhtar at CM House.

New extortionist gang, Lashari group, in Lyari STAFF REPORTER

Children are enjoying bath in river during hot day in the Provincial Capital on Friday.

Senator Nasreen Jalil expresses sorrow over attacks on gurdwaras STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Muttahida Qaumi Movement Senator Nasreen Jalil has expressed sorrow over the arson attacks on gurdwaras in interior of Sindh. She expressed this view while talking to Sardar Ramesh Singh Caretaker Pakistan Sikh Council at the arson attack on gurdwara in District Shikarpur. She said that MQM expressed condemnation of arson attacks on places of worship of Sikhs and burning of their religious books. She added that MQM expressed sympathies with the Sikh Community. “Islam is the religion of peace and it teaches its followers to respect other religions.

KARACHI—A new gang of extortionist had emerged in Lyari amid already various factions of criminal and militant gangs. Gangster Lashari in association with Adnan Doy had despatched written demands to all local traders of wood and timber in Karachi’s largest Tim-ber Market for paying Rs 500, 000 each in extortion. The said new gang of extortionist had also kidnapped a local trader for ransom and had de-manded Rs 1 million for his release. Following that kidnapping for ransom of the local trader, Special Investigation team of Karachi Police of district South Deputy Superintendent of Po-lice Zahid had along with a heavy contingent of Police cordoned off the entire area to recover trader. Lashari and his aides had opened indiscriminate fire on Police Posse and also used grenade. However, he managed to flee from cordoned off area leaving trader behind, who was recovered by Police.

Islam is against extremism. MQM’s leader Hussain has always preached people to respect one an-other and minorities in Pakistan, “Senator Jalil said. Sardar Ramesh thanked Hussain and MQM for their support to the community. He assured MQM of the community’s cooperation. Senator Jalil demanded that the federal and Sindh governments should take notice of the ar-son attacks and burning of religious books of Sikh community and arrest the extremists re-sponsible for the brutal act in Shikarpur and take measures to stop this kind of attacks in fu-ture. She also demanded to provide protection to minorities in Pakistan.

Ghulam Qadir Thebo takes charge as Karachi Police Chief STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —The Deputy Inspector General of Traffic Police Karachi Ghulam Qadir Thebo, who was given additional charge of Karachi Police Chief after former Karachi Police Chief Shahid Hayat was removed from his post on orders of Supreme Court of Pakistan took charge of his new assignment as Karachi Police Chief Friday. Thebo in his opening message stated that in past, Karachi Police had performed well and sac-rificed lives in the line of duty and that Karachi Po-

Campaign against unregistered vehicles STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Over the directives of Minister Excise Taxation and Narcotics Mukesh Kumar Chawla, road checking and campaign against unregistered vehicles have been launched throughout Sindh province from May 19th by the Motor Registration Wing of Excise & Taxation Department. The Spokesman of Excise Department has informed that 2467 vehicles have been checked in Karachi by the team headed by Deputy Director Motor Registration Wing Riaz Khoso. He further informed that 628 documents of vehicles have been seized which were found without documents and recovered an amount of Rs.315,291 along with penalties.

Senator Malik smells something bad for democracy IRFAN ALIGI KARACHI—Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Overseas Affairs President and Senator Abdul Rehman Malik said that the political climate in Islamabad was predicting some drastic changes due to which premonitions were high. However, the question had risen as what could the political government of Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz could do to stop or deal with the fast emerging changes in the political frame of the country at especially with context to the ongoing war among the institutions of national security and the federal government. He was talking to the newsmen at Jinnah International Airport on his arrival at the city from Islamabad Friday. As far as Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) was concerned, the party was pre-determined that it would not allow derailment of democracy in the country and would not support any extra-constitutional adventure, said Malik. Her said that PPP would con-

tinue to adhere to the Charter of Democracy, which the major political parties of Pakistan had signed at London a few years ago. He said that Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM founder and leader Altaf Husain had the constitutional right to get a computerised national identity card and a passport. While showing concern on tense situation in countries capital, the PPP leader said that the political situation in the country was being deteriorated at a speed of a rocket but the democratic forces should not be part of any adventure against democracy that might do harm to the sovereignty of the country. The sacrifices of Pakistan Army and other armed forces of the country were countless and could never be set aside or ignored. However, the ongoing escalated tension between media and institutions of national integrity was not in country’s favour, he commented. Senator Malik said that Prime Minister Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif had stated earlier that neither he would play the game nor would let any

other to stay in the game but the PPP would, however, defend democracy and would stand beside the government for saving democracy. He said that amid ongoing tense situation, the political climate was getting warmer and it was not a good sign for the government. In reply to question, he said that once the rampant killings in Karachi was saliently declined and it was good to see that all the political parties wanted peace and tranquillity should prevail in the city. Circumstances continue to keep changing but the action against mafias should not be stopped. The PPP leader was of the opinion that there was nothing wrong in keeping assets in foreign countries but the politicians were being placed under a move of defamation on that pretext. He said that Modi’s policy statement after he would swear in as Prime Minister of India would be of pivotal importance. However, bilateral relations between India and Pakistan should improve as it was in the interest of both the countries.

lice personnel of all ranks must continue working with the same zeal and zest, utmost discipline, honesty and professionalism. He told SHOs to pay full attention to their job as he would not tolerate influence in the ap-pointments on various posts and would take action against those, who would try to use wrong means in this regards. He made it clear that the restoration of law and order in the area must be the top priority, in-teract with citizen in order to gain their support and trust and take action against criminal without any discrimination, fear or

greed. He asked seniors SDPO and SHO that they must look after the juniors and maintain turnout and make sure that things were going in the right direction. The Karachi Police Chief said that rules must be followed in later and spirit and juniors must be trained and provided with guidance regularly and try to improve the standards to higher levels. He hoped that the whole Karachi Police would cooperate and would do their best. He said that he would support them in every right matter at all forums.

Athlete anxiety no excuse to skip heart test


FTER finding that student-athletes felt no more distress about heart screening with electrocardiograms, or ECGs, than they did with physical exams, a new study concludes that anxiety should not be considered a reason to avoid giving the test. An ECG measures the electrical activity of the heart and can detect disturbances that could predispose people to rare but dangerous cardiac arrests. Sudden cardiac death is the most common cause of death during exercise, researchers note. Italy and Israel mandate ECG screening as part of sports pre-participation examinations, while the debate over whether to require athletes to get the test has become increasingly contentious in the United States. One of the downsides of ECGs is that they sometimes suggest a heart problem that turns out to be a false alarm upon further testing. In the interim, athletes may fear for their health or their future in sports. “This is the first study to look at the psychological impact to athletes when they get screened,” lead author Dr. Irfan Asif told Reuters Health. “There’s nothing to indicate you shouldn’t get an ECG because of stress.” Asif, from the University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine in Knoxville, and his team studied 952 high school athletes who participated in a range of sports. The students all received a medical history and physical examination to screen for underlying heart problems. All but 150, who served as a comparison group, also

received an ECG. Of the 802 participants who were screened with ECG, 220 had an abnormal finding at some point during the screening process. Six of those represented serious heart conditions, and the rest were false positives. Reviews of a student’s medical history led to 127 of the false positives. An additional 50 false positives were a result of physical exams, 14 were from ECG readings and 29 were due to multiple indications. The researchers found no difference in students’ distress levels immediately after screening based on whether their testing had included an ECG. A 2007 American Heart Association statement on cardiovascular screening warns that falsepositive results from ECGs could lead to unnecessary anxiety, the authors write in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. But the current investigation showed no differences in distress levels based on the reason for the false-positive evaluation - the vast majority of which resulted from a review of a student’s personal and family medical history. “The athletes we’ve interviewed are actually very grateful that someone’s tried to save their lives,” Asif said. “We’re not really seeing negative consequences. We’re seeing very positive benefits.” But pediatric cardiologist Dr. Peter Fischbach from Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta told Reuters Health the study protocol limited its generalizability. Fischbach, who is also affiliated with Emory University School of Medicine, was not involved with the new study.

Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif stands in respect of national anthem during the 5th Al-Hamra International Conference on the theme: ‘Beetay hoye din yaad aatay hein’ under the auspices of Lahore Arts Council at Al-Hamra on Friday.

Exhibition on students’ work OBSERVER REPORT LAHORE—An exhibition on

Visitors taking keen interest in the posters at an exhibition on psychologists’ contribution at township campus, University of Education.

Roadmap for health sector reforms prepared OBSERVER REPORT LAHORE—Advisor to Chief Minister Punjab on Health Khwaja Salman Rafique has said that on the instructions of Chief Minister Punjab a roadmap has been evolved for the strengthening of primary healthcare system in the province under which Basic Health Units (BHU) and Rural Health Centres will be rehabilitated. He said that steps are being taken for overcoming the shortage of doctors by the end of current year.He said this while presiding over a meeting with the Roadmap Team for Health Sector Reforms, here on Friday. Besides, Secretary Health Dr Ijaz Munir, Roadmap Team of DFID headed by Phenton, Dr. Emma, Aizaz Akhtar from Chief Minister’s Secretariat, Director General Health Dr. Zahid

Psychologists’ contribution in the assessment and evaluation was conducted under the supervision of Dr Sadia Shaukat at Township Campus, University of Education. Students enrolled in Masters’ in Education displayed around fifty posters based on the work of different Psychologist. Students presented colourful posters with the description of famous Psychologist’ contribution regarding assessment techniques used to measure students’ performance. Visitors showed their positive response while glary walk and appreciated the efforts of students. Dr Sadia also reflected her views regarding the importance of Psychology as a subject to understand the metal level of students to get their readiness towards study.

Pervaiz, Director Health EPI Dr. Munir Ahmed, Director Health MNCH Programme Dr. Zafar Ikram, Additional Director General IMNCH Dr. Tanvir Hussain, Director Health Sector Reforms Programme Dr. Akhtar Rasheed Malik and other officers attended the meeting. The meeting discussed posting of doctors and paramedical staff at Basic Health Units and Rural Health Centres as well as provision of medicines and missing facilities. Khwaja Salman Rafique said that government is considering fir providing special incentives to doctors posted in far-flung and remote areas. The meeting decided to provide labour room facility at all BHUs for controlling maternal mortality rate and attendance of Lady Health Visitors, Skilled Birth Attendants and other concerned staff will be ensured.

Shahbaz for provision of better services to masses SALIM AHMED L AHORE —Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that government departments and institutions will have to play an active role for the provision of better services to the masses. He said that basic reforms are being introduced in government departments and institutions through information technology to ensure best facilities to the citizens. He said that an effective and vibrant system is essential for providing better services to the people and all departments will evolve a target plan for the

Italian diplomat felicitates CM on Metro train STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Italian Ambassador to Pakistan Adriano Chiodi Cianfarani met Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif, here on Friday. Matters of mutual interest, cooperation in energy sector and bilateral relations were discussed in the meeting. The Italian Ambassador congratulated Chief Minister Punjab on the agreement for metro train project and said that Shahbaz Sharif has given the gift of a modern transport system to the masses in the form of metro train.

Mujtaba for checking population growth SALIM AHMED LAHORE—Minister for Excise & Taxation, Finance Mujtaba Shuja ur Rehman has said that social development is necessary for economic progress and it is not possible without proper control of population growth whereas, poverty and ignorance are main hurdles to control population growth. He said that there is significant increase in our population while 300-400 mothers loose their lives during their pregnancy. He said that the Government is implementing a 3-tier strategy of sensitizing population planning in the province through proactive advocacy campaigns, enhancement and improvement in the operational efficiency of service delivery outlets and active community participation in the population programmes. He said that population welfare programmes aim at improving mother and neonatal’s health as well as reducing population growth rate from 1.92% to 1.59 %. Likewise, non-programme outlets including active participation of NGOs, Ulema, media-men and other community leaders has been ensured to

realize the benefits of small family to the people at large. He asked the public representatives and ulema to come forward and to create awareness among general public against the menace of fatal diseases and brief the people regarding proactive measures of critical diseases as well as proactive vaccination of childhood diseases in their Khutbaas and in their individuals communication. While talking to delegations of community leaders, doctors and paramedics, Mujtaba Shuja ur Rehman said if population growth rate remain unchecked, it would be dangerous for socio-economic progress of the country. He said that effective results could be achieved by incorporating medical practitioners in to the population welfare programmes whereas, awareness seminars & gatherings could help to create awareness among the people about the consequences of rapid population growth. He said that assistance would be given to those medical practitioners who would help the government to control population growth rate as the rapid

increase in population has become the most important issue in the country. He said that if we want to save the coming generations from serious socio-economic problems we should all try at our level best to control the rapid increase in population and special attention would be given on education of women especially in the remote areas as they played a critical role in every society. Mujtaba Shuja ur Rehman said that government is implementing a comprehensive plan for the provision of better healthcare facilities to the people of the province for this purpose all available resources are being utilized and cooperation of international donor agencies i.e UNICEF/WHO is receiving in this regard. The government is providing maximum funds for prevention and treatment of cancer and other fatal diseases, to achieve the targets all out cooperation and grants would be provided to the research oriented agencies, he added. He said that billions of rupees are being spent on social sector development programme and for the provision of modern and standardized educational and healthcare facilities.

next four years. He was presiding over a meeting regarding public sector management reforms here today. Provincial Ministers Rana Mashhood Ahmed, Tanvir Aslam Malik, Member Provincial Assembly Dr. Ayesha Ghaus Pasha, Special Assistant Azm-ul-Haq, Chief Secretary, Chairman Planning & Development, concerned secretaries and experts attended the meeting. The meeting considered various proposals for improving performance of government institutions. Shahbaz Sharif said that provision of best services to the people is the responsibility of the government and Punjab government will

spare no effort in this regard. He said that capacity-building of departments is the need of the hour. He said that devolution of power to the lower level with check and balance will result in better services to the citizens. Shahbaz Sharif said that accountability system is essential for transparency and provision of best services to the citizens and devising of an effective strategy is necessary for this purpose. Commissioner Lahore Division and Director General LDA gave a briefing to the meeting on public sector management reforms and improvement of performance of government institutions.