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PPP to win elections in all provinces: PM PPP, opponents to appear soon before court of masses S ANGHAR —Prime Minister the PPP would go among the the PPP was the only federal

TTP names Ihsanullah Ihsan for peace talks P ESHAWAR —Banned Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan has nominated its spokesman Ihsanullah Ihsan for negotiating peace with PML-N President Mian Nawaz Sharif, JUI-F chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman and Jamaat-e-Islami Amir Syed Munawar Hasan. Speaking to media outlets from an undisclosed location, TTP spokesman said that te decision was made in the meeting of Commanders in the outskirts of North Waziristan. He said the TTP shura had given mandate to contact these leaders and hold negotiations with them at any appropriate time and place.—INP

South Punjab province bill in Senate before March 16: Wattoo STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Pakistan People’s Party Punjab president Mian Manzoor Ahmed Wattoo on Saturday said that the bill for the creation of south Punjab province will be presented in the Senate before March 16 and will also be approved by the National Assembly. “Those who oppose the creation of south Punjab province will face massive defeat in elections,” he said while addressing a press conference at the PPP

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Nawaz seeks action against terrorists SALIM AHMED L AHORE —President Pakistan Muslim League-N, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif and Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif today visited the house of late Prof. Dr. Ali Haider, renowned eye specialist in Gulberg and condoled with the members of his family over the tragic killing of Prof. Dr. Ali Haider and his son. They expressed their heartfelt sympathies with the members of the bereaved family, offered fateha and prayed that Allah Almighty may rest the departed souls in eternal peace. Talking on the occasion,

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LAHORE: Amir Jamaat-e-Islami Syed Munawar Hassan and JUI-F chief Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman addressing a press conference on Saturday.

Conspiracy to postpone polls fails; JI to attend JUI-F APC

President, PM not answerable to any court: AG

Country peace linked with FATA: Fazl

LAHORE —Attorney General

MUZAFFAR ALI L AHORE —Jamiat Ulema e Islam-Fazl (JUI-F) Chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman Saturday met Ameer Jamat-eIslami (JI) Syed Munawar Hassan in Mansoora and agreed to work together in an effort to revive peace in the country. Jointly addressing a press conference with Munawar Hassan, Maulna Fazlur Rehman said that all the political leaders are invited on February 28 and Saturday meeting was also held in this regard. Maulana Fazlur Rehman

Pentagon grounds F-35 fighter fleet after finding crack in engine blade

said a conspiracy to get elections postponed has failed. He said that all possible steps are being taken to restore peace in the country. He said tribes in FATA have also constituted a jirga which required endorsement of political parties. The JUI-F chief sought support of political leadership, saying that peace in the country is linked with FATA. On the occasion, Syed Munawar Hassan said the provincial government is responsible for ensuring smooth law and order situation, however he added that he wanted to play his role for

the restoration of peace in the country. The Jamaat e Islami will participate in the All Parties Conference being hosted by the Jamiat e Ulema e Islam (F) on February 28, at Islamabad to discuss the FATA situation and search out the ways and means for restoring peace. Syed Munawar Hasan said that the prevailing situation called for a decisive dialogue with the Taliban for restoration of peace. He said the government attitude ignoring the Taliban’s offer and taking it as a sign of weak-

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IHC CJ Iqbal Hameedur Rehman elevated to SC

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Deadline for degrees’ verification not expired: ECP

I SLAMABAD —The Election of Pakistan has ISLAMABAD—President Asif Hameedur Rehman from the Commission stated that the deadline for Ali Zardari, on the advice of Judicial Commission of Paki-

W ASHINGTON — The Pen- the prime minister, has ap- stan, tagon on Friday grounded its fleet of F-35 fighter jets after discovering a cracked engine blade in one plane. The problem was discovered during what the Pentagon called a routine inspection at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., of an F-35A, the Air Force version of the sleek new plane. The Navy and the

Irfan Qadir has said president and prime minister are not answerable to any court. Talking to media men here Saturday, the AG said that President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf had not filed any joint report in the court in connection with Quetta tragedy. The media reports in this regard are incorrect, he added. He went on to say that report was presented in the court on behalf of federation of Pakistan under article 174 of the constitution. He held that president and prime minister are the top

pointed Justice Iqbal Hameedur Rehman, Chief Justice Islamabad High Court, as Judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. Spokesperson for the President, Senator Farhatullah Babar said the Parliamentary Committee on Judges Appointment in the Superior Courts, after receiving the nomination of Justice Iqbal

had unanimously agreed with the nomination and requested the prime minister to advise the president for the said appointment. Accordingly, acting upon the advice of the prime minister, the president has approved the appointment of Justice Iqbal Hameedur Rehman as the judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.—INP

verification of degrees of parliamentarians has not ended as yet. Talking to media, additional secretary Muhammad Afzal Khan said that the lawmakers were directed to submit their degrees within fifteen days after receiving the letter, adding that the parliamentarians can still submit their degrees after verifying

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Water and Power Ministry charge withdrawn from Nargis Sethi Refuses to oblige powerful ministers ISLAMABAD—Federal Sec- other Rs2 billion for the pay- annoyed with Nargis Sethi. eas. retary for Cabinet Division and Water and Power Nargis Sethi, considered to be the most powerful bureaucrat and firm believer in Rules of Business, had to pay the price as she was removed from Water and Power Ministry on the pressure of some ministers and other influential people. Reports revealed that she refused to release subsidy of Rs40 billion and an-

ment of projects not approved under prescribed rules and procedures just 23 days ahead of completion of tenure of the present government. Highly reliable sources said on Saturday that not only the Minister for Water and Power Ch Ahmad Mukhtar and Minister for Kashmir Affairs Mian Manzoor Wattoo but some other important people were

The sources said that Nargis Sethi herself requested the prime minister that she be relieved of the additional charge of Water and Power Ministry. She after being given the additional charge of Water and Power took immediate steps to stop corrupt practices in NTDC and other institutions, to reduce load shedding and to bring parity in load shedding between rural and urban ar-

The secretary was instrumental in recovery drive of the arrears from the influential and she refused recommendations of ministers and parliamentarians for transfer of XENs and SDOs. Another report said that the minister had recommended to Nargis Sethi to appoint Mehboob Alam, Acting Chief Executive Officer of Gujranwala Distribution Company as

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Raja Pervez Ashraf Saturday said future belonged to the PPP, which would triumph in general elections in all the provinces with the support of people. The Prime Minister was addressing a public gathering after inaugurating various development schemes in his native village of Chak 11 near here. He said the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) had undertaken record development schemes worth billion of rupees throughout the country, which was unprecedented in the last 65 years. He said the next general elections would be free, fair and transparent as a powerful Election Commission was freely working in the country and all bogus votes had been removed from electoral lists. No one can rig the polls in the presence of an autonomous Election Commission, free judiciary and vibrant media, he said and added that

people on basis of its performance. Recalling the challenges faced by Pakistan at the time of assuming power by his party, the Prime Minister said the PPP government had dealt with terrorism, financial crunch and scarcity of food in the country. Our government has gathered strong national support against terrorism and extremism, raised the morale of Pakistan Army and now the national flag is flying in Swat, he added. He said the country was made food secure after fixing higher prices of agricultural commodities and wheat was now being exported after consecutive bumper crops. He said following the policy of reconciliation, the PPP invited every parliamentary party to join the coalition government and serve the nation, which was first time in the country’s history. Raja Pervaiz Ashraf said

party, which had roots in every federating unit and represented every part of the country. Prime Minister Ashraf said Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto initiated the politics of common people in Pakistan while Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto sacrificed her life for the cause. Today every peasant, labourer, student and middle class of the country supported the PPP for its peoplefriendly policies. President Asif Ali Zardari is working for the same cause and steering the country out of crises with his sagacity and wisdom, he added. He said the PPP considered serving the people as its core responsibility. Recalling his childhood memories in Chak 11 and Sanghar area, Raja Pervez Ashraf said that it went to the credit of PPP that a common worker, who was born in a far

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Malik threatens to take direct action against LeJ in Punjab Maulvi Faqir wanted in different cases in Pakistan ISLAMABAD—Interior Minister Rehman Malik has said that the federal government will have to take action if Punjab government fails to launch operation against the terrorist groups in the province. Talking to the media persons after the 25th passing out parade of police recruits at Police Lines in Islamabad Saturday, Malik said the top leadership of Lashkar-eJhanjvi (LeJ) is based in Punjab, adding that the detainment of LeJ leader Malik Ishaq by Punjab government was an appreciable step but more was required including the launch of criminal cases against him. Responding to a ques-

LK Advani blames Pakistan for Hyderabad blasts M UMBAI —BJP leader LK Advani on Saturday blamed Pakistan squarely for Thursday’s blasts in Hyderabad, saying it is involved in a proxy war against India. “The neighbouring country has not been successful in waging a war against India in the last few decades, so it has resorted to proxy war,” Advani told reporters here. “The neighbouring country has taken recourse to terrorism to trouble India,” he said, adding, “there is no doubt that there is the hand of the neighbouring country in Hyderabad blasts.” Pakistan should abide by the commitment made during the meeting between Vajpayee and Musharraf, whereby Pakistan undertook Continued on Page 7

tion over the matter of Maulvi Faqir, Malik said Pakistan will demand handing over of Taliban leader from Afghanistan through the Interpol. Malik said Maulvi Faqir Muhammad, arrested by the Afghan authorities, was wanted in different cases and we want his deportation to Pakistan so that action could be initiated against him according to law of the land. Referring to the dialogue offer of the Taliban‚ Malik said that the Taliban will have to demonstrate seriousness for talks. They first have to surrender their weapons before the start of negotiations. However, the Afghan Foreign Ministry spokesman

had refused to hand over the captured Taliban leader to Pakistan, saying there is no bilateral agreement for exchange of prisoners. After Kabul’s refusal, now Pakistan Interior Minister says that his government will approach the Interpol to seek Faqir’s extradition. He said Maulvi Faqir Muhammad arrested by the Afghan authorities is wanted in different cases in Pakistan. “We want his deportation to Pakistan so that action could be initiated against him according to the law of the land,” Malik said. Faqir, who had been chief of Taliban in Bajaur tribal region, had fled to Afghanistan

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Three miscreants among four killed in bloody clash TARIQ SAEED P ESHAWAR —Bloody clash between a Police party and the alleged terrorists at Motorway near Sher Khan Interchange Noshehra on Saturday morning resulted in killing of four people including three miscreants. A man in uniform embraced Shahadat in the skirmish while another cop sustained serious injuries. Reports reaching here said unknown militants attacked a police mobile van near Sher Khan Interchange in Noshehra district and hurled a hand grenade on the police party and then resorted to firing on the law enforcers that led to the martyrdom of a cop. This led to a shootout between the police and the trouble makers resulting in killing of three assaulters.

According to Police Control, the mobile van of Akora police was on routine patrol at Karnal Sher Khan Interchange when three motorcyclists appeared on the scene and opened indiscriminate fire at police before hurling a hand grenade. A policeman, identified as Abdul Nasir died in the attack while the driver of the mobile van sustained bullet injuries. The other policemen immediately retaliated the fire and killed two of the terrorist’s on-the-spot while the third one also succumbed to his bullet wounds later. Bodies of all the three terrorists were shifted to police lines for asserting their identification while the injured policeman was taken to hospital in Akora “The attackers hurled a

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Joint meeting of PPP, ANP commitees held

‘SPLGA rescinded in deference to people’s wishes’ H YDERABAD —Federal De- Naveed Qamar said the in the past too,” he said refer- paper while those in others town,” he said. fence Minister Syed Naveed Qamar has said the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) has abrogated the Sindh Peoples Local Government Act, 2012, as per the wishes of the people of Sindh. “We have restored the commissioner ate system of 1979 in view of the wishes of the people,” he said while talking to newsmen in Tando Muhammad Khan on Friday evening. The minister criticised the nationalist leaders for making an alliance with the political parties, which had historically been a supporter of the Kalabagh dam. QUETTA: Shops were closed on call of Ahl-e-Sunnat-wal-Jamaat against FC Operation Replying to a question, in Nawan Kali.

Teachers advised to improve edu standard

We will change destiny of Chitral: Muqam RAHMATULLAH KHAN PESHAWAR—Ex Federal Min-

M ZAFAR ANSARI K AMALIA —Deputy District Education Officer, Kamalia, Tahir Mansoor, has advised the school administrations of government and private schools to try their best to improve the education standard. Tahir Mansoor expressed these views during his inspection of different schools, which included both government and private ones. First he inspected Govt Islamiya School, Mohallah Raaj Bibi, Govt M.C School Mohallah Bagaiwala, Govt M.C school Mohallah Islam Pura, and a number of private schools and judged the performance of teachers. He also inspected the maintenance of the building and lauded the school administrations’ efforts to improve sanitation system. It may be mentioned here that earlier Tahir Mansoor during his inspection to these schools had asked the administrations to improve the condition of sanitation and maintenance of school buildings. Later, Talking to Daily Pakistan Observer, he said that department would take strict action against those teachers whose performance would not be satisfactory and that Education Department will continue its cooperation with the high quality schools.

Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) had parted ways with the PPP in view of the upcoming elections. He said the PPP government was successfully completing five years in office under the leadership of President Asif Ali Zardari. “It is a defeat of the anti-democracy elements, who have always installed dictatorships,” he commented. Regarding the Pakistan-Iran gas pipeline project, the Defence Minister said the government had always taken decisions in the national interest. “The US warnings are not new. They have been given

ister for Water and Power Engineer Amir Muqam has lauded the reign of his mentor former military dictator Gen Pervez Musharraf for 70 percent construction work on Lawari Tunnel and slammed the PPP for failure to complete the project in its tenure of five years. “We will change destiny of Chitral, include completion of lawari tunnel and link to Tajikistan through the district,” pledged he while address a seminar organized by Monthly Shandoor, titled, “Issues of Chitral and Role of

Media” on Saturday. Those spoke in the seminar including Abd-u;-Lateef of Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf (PTI) president Chitral, Shazada Sirajuddin, Saddiq Ameen, Editor of the monthly Shandoor Muhammad Shareef Shakeib, Muhammad Kosar, Dr Habib-ur-Rahman, Vice President of Peshawar Press Club (PPC) Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah Chitrali, Sartaj Ahmad Khan and others. Ameer Muqam, who is also central Senior Vice President of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), said credit of the lawari tunnel goes to himself and Gen

Pervez Musharraf, who he added despite opposing the project by National High Authority (NHA) they allocated funds and inaugurated it. He assured the Chitralis to resolve all the issues of the district and also Wah Khan Border, would also be connected with Tajikistan in order to enhance trade with the country. Earlier, Abd-ulLateef criticized the incumbent government for considering the landlocked district of the province Chitral as backward, “Both the provincial and federal governments are dealing with the masses of the district as step moth-

erly behavior, despite they merged into Pakistan unconditionally,” he recalled. Sadiq Ameen, Kasar and Dr Habib alleged that international forces in Afghanistan did not want the wah Khan border link road to Tajikistan via Chital, they, therefore, appealed the government to make the road to the country so that trade could be developed through the district. They said there were potential of 4000 megawatt hydle generation power in Chitral and they regretted that the masses of the district were mostly deprived of electricity.

ring to the US opposition to the gas pipeline project. Qamar referred to the gas and energy shortfall problem in the country, which had necessitated deals with other countries to overcome them. “The gas crisis existed before the PPP government assumed power in 2008,” he said and added that the government was taking long-term measures to address the issue. The Defence Minister termed the news report that Pakistan had lost its case against India in the International Court of Justice (ICJ) over the water dispute, wrong. The news was published by only one news-

Hazaras say no intention to leave country I SLAMABAD —Leaders

of Hazara community Sardar Saadat Ali Hazara and Qayyum Changezi have said Australia has offered to give asylum to 2500 Hazara families but they have no intention to leave the country. In a media interview‚ Sardar Saadat said according to newspaper reports the offer is for families affected by terrorist incidents. He said they cannot think of leaving Pakistan but it is becoming increasingly difficult to pursue their educational career or job due to target killings. He said the Government has made some appreciable moves during the last one month as a number of terrorists have reportedly been arrested. He‚ however‚ said there is need to bring them to justice. Chairman of Hazara Qaumi Jirga Qayyum Changezi said Hazaras are living here for over a century and their future generations would also live here. He said Hazaras have contributed immensely in the development of Pakistan and in the defence of the country and the Government should take effective steps to ensure safety of their lives and properties.—NNI

J AHANIYAN —Federal Interior Minister Rehman Malik will pay a visit to Southern Punjab today (Sunday). Leader of Pakistan People’s Party and MNA, Chaudhary Iftikhar Nazeer told the journalists on Saturday that in Multan, Malik would have a meeting with journalists, inaugurate Passport Offices in Jahaniyan, and will also address a ceremony organised on the occasion. Former City Nazim of Jahaniyan, Haji Atta-urRehman further informed that after Multan, Jahaniyan is the first city where a Passport Office is going to be established. The Passport Office in Jahaniyan will facilitate millions of people of District Khanewal, Vehari and Lodhran, he added.—Online

Karachi: A joint meeting of the special committee of Pakistan Peoples Party and Awami National Party was held at the Chief Minister House here. The meeting was attended among others by Agha Siraj Durrani, Muhammad Ayaz Soomro, Zahid Hussain Bhurgari, and Rashid Rabbani from PPP and Rana Gul Afridi, Ameer Nawab and Younis Buneri from ANP. ANP team expressed gratitude to the provincial government for revival of the Sindh Local Government system 1979 by replacing the SPLGA 2012.—APP

Met office forecasts rain I SLAMABAD —Meteorologi- ture down. In Sindh, hailcal Chief Hanif Khan has forcasted more rains in next 24 hours in most parts of the country including Lahore, and Karachi. According to the Meteorological Department, Murree, Galyaat, Malakand, Hazara, Gilgit Baltistan and other areas may receive snowfall in the next 24 hours. A new weather system entered the country few days ago causing intermittent showers in most areas of Sindh and Balochistan. According to media reports, several areas of Sindh that experienced overnight downpour, included Sukkur, Larkana, Nawabshah, Khairpur and Jacobabad. The rain drastically lowered the temperatures and people once more pulled out their warm clothes to fight the chilly weather. Meanwhile, people in most rain-washed areas were facing problems due to power outages. Cold wave gripped Quetta and adjacent areas after snowfall following sporadic rain. Youths enjoyed rain and snowfall while the weather conditions also caused power outages. Lahore and other parts of Punjab also received showers, which brought tempera-

storm was reported in Umarkot while parts of Karachi also received drizzle. The minimum temperature will remain in the range of 17 to 19 degrees celsius. A Met official said the province will get a widespread rain fall and Karachi will get rain spell late Friday or early Saturday. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, rain-thunderstorm with snowfall over the hills is also

expected at scattered places of the province during next 12 to 18 hours while in Sindh mostly partly cloudy weather expected with chance of rainthunderstorm at isolated places of Upper/Central Sindh tonight. Met office further reported that cold and dry weather is expected in most parts of the province from Saturday. In Balochistan, scattered rain-thunderstorm is expected in Northeast Balochistan Friday night while cold.—APP

Toughest contest in NA-61 expected SHAFFAAT MALIK

Rehman Malik to visit southern Punjab today

were different, he said and added that Pakistan won the case. Talking about development projects in the higher education sector in Tando Muhammad Khan, the minister said the establishment of Shahbaz Qalandar Arts and Science University had been approved. He added that the district administration had been directed to find suitable land for setting up of the varsity. “We will also build a medical college in the city to ensure that the district’s youth received a broad range of higher education in their own home-

T ALAGANG —The NA-61, HYDERABAD: Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf during an interaction with students and faculty members of Government College, as the PM had also student in this college in 1971.

12 killed, several injured in various incidents F AISALABAD —Four people were killed while three others injured in separate incidents during the last 24 hours. According to police, Shahid Iqbal of Chak No 630GB suspected the character of his sister Abida (19). He killed her and threw her body into a drain. Lundianwala police registered a case and started investigation. In another incident, 15year-old Bilal of Chak No 261RB was killed while Sohaib, Rasheed and Javaid were shifted to hospital after an armed clash between two groups in Dijkot police limits. In yet another incident, 10year-old Ayesha of Mamon Kanjan was playing with her one-year-old brother Anwar when he fell on the ground and died on the spot. A donkey cart

hit 8-year-old Alisha to death who was playing outside her house in Naimat Colony. Bannu: Three persons including father, son and nephew were killed while two others sustained injuries in dispute over cutting of tree between rival groups here at Shamozai area of the district. According to Township police station, two groups started firing at each other on dispute over cutting of tree killing Sultan Ameer, Imran and Zaman on the spot. Asmat and Sameenullah sustained serious wounds in the incident. Police have registered FIR and started investigations. Sargodha: A man was killed while two others were injured in a road accident on the Jhang-Sargodha road on

Saturday. Zafar Iqbal of Chak 56 NB along with relatives Gul Nawaz and Shehzad was riding a car when the vehicle collided with a tree near village Bagga Balochan, tehsil Sahiwal. Resultantly, Zafar Iqbal died on the spot. The body and the injured were shifted to DHQ hospital. Nowshera: A policeman was martyred when three terrorists attacked police mobile with hand grenade and automatic weapons at Karnal Sher Khah Inter-change near Peshawar-Islamabad motorway on Saturday morning. In response police shot killed all the three terrorists. According to Police Control, the mobile van of Akora police was on routine patrol at Karnal Sher Khan Inter-change when three motorcyclists appeared

on the scene and opened indiscriminate fire at police before hurling a hand grenade. Quetta: At least seven persons were injured Saturday in firing on a rally of Ahle Sunnat Wa Al Jamat here at Liaquat Baazar, downtown area of the provincial capital, police sources said. They said that unknown motorcyclists opened indiscriminate firing at the rally when it was passing through Liaqat Bazaar. The injured were shifted to Civil Hospital.—APP

PP-23 and PP-22 has more than 0.4 million votes and total number of votes in these three constituency are 4,38,624. The Election Commission has to set up 370 polling stations while 1053 polling booths will be there to facilitate people to cast their votes. NA-61 consists of 33 union councils, 23 UCs in Tehsil Talagang, 8 in Tehsil Chakwal and two in Tehsil Kalar Kahar, while PP-22 and PP-23 consists of 16 and 17 UCs respectively. All major political parties havve the stakeholders in these three constituencies. PML-Q won both provincial seats in 2008 and PML-N won the National Assembly constituency. Sitting MNA and MPAs will face tough contest this time because new political groups,

and PTI are present in the area. Ruling party have internal differences and is not on the same boat. All political parties are using wait and see tactics and local political leaders are doing the same. Yet political parties haven’t decided their tickets and support for candidates and it is believed that they will do this on eleventh hour. In NA-61 most likely candidates are, Sardar Mumtaz Khan Tamman (Sitting MNA) PML-N, Sardar Ghulam Abbas (ex-provincial Minister, District Nazim) Sardar Mansoor Hayat Tamman (exMNA), Sardar Faiz Tamman (ex-MNA) PTI, Chaudhry Pervaiz Ellahi (ex-CM Punjab) of PML Q. This National Assembly constituency will be one of the toughest seats to contest, as there are so many big candidates. The PP-23 is not that much

crowded with candidates, Malik Zahoor Anwar Awan (Sitting MPA) of PML-N, Col (r) Sultan Surkhro Awan (exMPA) of PTI, Amjad Ilyas of PML-Q, Sardar Maqsood Hayat Tamman (ex-Chairman District Council) are the most likely candidates. The PP-22, a constituency that consists of whole town of Talagang and some UCs of Tehsil Chakwal, is also difficult seat to win. Malik Saleem Iqbal (exprovincial minister) of PML N, Sardar Zulfiqar Dhula of PML N, Pir Syed Nisar Qasim of PML-Q, Syed Taqleed Raza Shah (ex-MPA) of PMLQ, Fouzia Bahram (ex-MPA) of PPP are likely candidates. It is really hard to judge that who will win the contest and it is still a million dollar question. High profile candidates and expensive elections are making it hard for commoners to contest.

Laptops for Matric, Inter position holders: Shaukatullah No rigging in polls KARACHI—The Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) has prevented any possibility for anyone come to power through backdoors. This was stated by Sindh Minister for Information, Sharjeel Inam Memon. In a statement here on Saturday, Sharjeel who is also the Central Deputy Information Secretary of (PPP), further stated that all the avenues of riggings in the polls have been blocked. He further stated that those who wish come to power through backdoors should leave politics. Sharjeel also flayed the policies of Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N). He was of the view that Nawaz Sharif should return what he termed as the IJI’s money or else he may be disqualified under the articles 62 and 63. Sindh Information Minister Sharjeel Inam Memon has said Sindh Peoples Local Government Act (SPLGA) 2012 has been repealed with the consensus of provincial assembly members of the PPP and its workers. Talking to the media after the Sindh Assembly session earlier, he said SPLGA has been withdrawn keeping in view the concerns of PPP workers and the perception it had created. Sharjeel Memon said the Governor Sindh will sign the bill repealing SPLGA within 10 days. The Provincial Minister said, “Our allies remained with us for 4 years and 11 months, but we did not criticise anyone because the PPP believes in reconciliation and democracy.” He said the PPP comes into power through public’s votes, therefore, it repealed SPLGA as the people of Sindh wanted it to be withdrawn. Sharjeel Memon said PPP’s doors are open for all the political parties. He said SPLGA is not repealed after succumbing to any pressure and agitation.—APP

Educated women national assets: Saira Bashir Ahmad Rahmani

H AFIZABAD —Educated Women were asset of the nation and they would soon materalise the dream of bettering socio-economic uplift of women in the society, said MNA Saira Afzal Tarar here on Saturday. Addressing 123 postgraduate women selected in the Internship Progamme of the Chief Minister of the Punjab, she said that they were selected purely on merit and they would be paid Rs. 10000 per month. She exhorted them to perform their duties honestly and commitment for national reconstruction. Later, EDO Education Dr. Iqbal Naeem said that out of 500 online applications for internship, 123 post-graduate women have been selected while solar penal would be distributed among the students under the Ujala Programme of the Punjab Chief Minister. Women Internees were today given Pay ATM Cards by the EDO. Meanwhile in pursuance of the Punjab Government order the police in the Hafizabad district has launched crackdown on the workers of defunct religious parties and have so far arrested Malik Muhammad Akthar District President defunct SSP and Ghulam Safdar of Kaseesay of defunct Lashker-e-Jhangvi and sent to the jail. They were detained under the Public Maintenance Order for two months. Police were raiding different places to arrest other activists who went underground. Meanwhile the activists of Sunni Tehrik took out a rally to protest against target killing and terrorism in the country particularly in Karachi and called upon the government to launch army operation against the terrorists in Karachi, Quetta.

Gwadar deal to strengthen Pak-China ties S A R G O D H A —Minister of State for Water and Power Tasneem Ahmad Qureshi said that formally handover of the Gawdar port project to China was a great achievement of the democratic government of the PPP and the President Asif Ali Zardari, it would bring economic prosperity. Talking to a party delegation, led by district president Rana Hakim Khan at People Secretariat on Saturday, the state minister said the PPP government had foiled all conspiracies against the democratic process and institutions. Qureshi said that the President Asif Ali Zardari had already announced his commitment to holding free and fair elections in the country, those who were claiming that elections would not be held on time, were not sincere with the country, he added. He said foreign elements were involved in unrest in the country, especially in Karachi and Balochistan and added the law and order situation in the country would improve soon. PPP city president Shaikh Muhammad Afzal, Amjad Shaheen, Mian Amjad Javed, Malik Nawaz Awan and Mian Muhammad Ajmal were also present. Earlier, addressing the distribution of ‘Dowry Grant’ cheques ceremony at PSM CBA office he said that stable and profitable Pakistan Steel Mills was the agenda of the present Government. He said that as per Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s vision Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) has always given priority to solving workers’ problems. “Although, Pakistan Steel is facing a tough time, however we believed that soon it will be a profitable organisation,” he added. On the occasion, CEO of Pakistan Steel, Major-General Muhammad Javed (Retd), said that Pakistan Steel’s production was gradually improving with the help of bailout package, however some of the insider and outsider were trying to shutdown this national asset.—APP

Dengue awareness walk F A I S A L A B A D — An awareness walk against dengue will be held under the aegis of Faisalabad Arts Council on February 24. FAC Resident Director Tariq Chaudhry will lead the walkwhich would start at 11:30am from the arts council. The participants after marching on various roads will reach Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad. Lahore: Anti-Dengue Day would be observed in the province on February 24 (today) to create awareness against dengue because of the change in weather, Special Assistant to Chief Minster on Health Khawaja Salman Rafique said. He said Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif had personally ordered the arrangements for the day. Rafique was presiding over a meeting to review the steps and readiness of the government departments for the eradication of dengue. MPAs, Additional Chief Secretary Khizar Hayat Gondal, Health Secretary Arif Nadeem, secretaries of other government departments, officers of police, special branch and Cantonment Board attended the meeting. Chief Minister’s Dengue Research Cell In charge Dr Wasim Akram said that due to low temperature, the breading of dengue larvae had not started but if the temperature were to rise after the recent rains, the possibility of dengue larvae growing could increase. Rafique said that all departments should start their activities according to already formulated SOPs and start larvae surveillance and larvaeciding on time. Karachi: President Pakistan Medical Association (PMA) Idrees Adhi on Wednesday said that 24th PMA ‘Karachi City Marathon and Health Walk’ will be held on Sunday, February 24. Addressing a press briefing at PMA house, he said PMA.—APP

2,600 addl teachers’ posts being created for FATA STAFF REPORTER P E S H AWA R —Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor, Engr Shaukatullah has announced lap top computers for all three top position holders of the recent matric and higher secondary examinations from each tribal agency. He was addressing a big tribal jirga from Kurram Agency at Governor ’s House, Peshawar on Saturday, the Governor further stated that 2600 additional

posts of teachers have been created for the entire FATA and out of which, the Kurram Agency will also get its due share. The Governor remarked, with this the problems of deficiencies in educational institutions will be covered some extent. The jirga comprising tribal elders, traders, farmers, labourers and students congratulated Engineer Shaukatullah for being governor and invited him to visit the agency at his earli-

est convenience. The people of FATA, he added, should also be conscious towards their positive contribution in this respect and make possible that the facilities being offered by the government are fully utilized. Responding to various points raised on this occasion, the Governor said, indeed the people of FATA have gone through extremely difficult circumstances. The people of Kurram, he added, have indeed comparatively

more suffered because of the situation prevailed over the past. Now, the Governor said, there is a need to maintain unity and ensure sustenance of peace and normalcy. There is need to give ample opportunities to the traditional tribal jirga at the local level to resolve problems and ensure amicable situation for the respective people he added. As far as electricity load management is concerned, the Governor said, though

it is the problem from which we as the whole nation have been suffering wherein the current season carries lowest voltage. Talking on another point, the Governor said, he also fully realizes the importance of vast natural wealth in shape of mineral resources in various parts of Kurram Agency and he has already taken steps to make their efficient utilization to the desired level. The governor also noted

complaints with regard to un-necessary parking and creation of hurdles at certain check posts situated along Para Chinnar to Tchapri road in Kurram Agency and assured the delegation that the matter will be seriously looked into to resolve their grievances. For this purpose, he added, not only the working of the existing system will be fully up-dated but the deficiencies of the levy force will also be removed at the earliest.

Lawyers continue protest for Faisalabad HC bench FAISALABAD—Lawyers con- express solidarity with lawtinued their protest on the 13th consecutive day on Saturday to press their demand of establishment of a Lahore High Court bench at Faisalabad. After the protest, judicial activities in Faisalabad remained suspended and litigants faced a great deal of difficulties. The lawyers also staged a sit-in at Katchery Bazaar Chowk and Zila Council Chowk. They chanted slogans for their demand and vowed to continue their struggle till the acceptance of their demand. They also warned to besiege the Chief Minister ’s Secretariat in Lahore from Monday if their demand was not accepted. FCCI stages rally for LHC bench: The Faisalabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FCCI) staged a rally on Saturday to

yers who are pressing for establishment of a Lahore High Court (LHC) divisional bench at Faisalabad. The rally was lead by FCCI Mian Zahid Aslam, Mian Muhammad Idrees, former President FCCI, and Chaudhary Muhammad Boota, Vice President FCCI, in which FCCI members, business leaders and office-bearers of various trade organisations participated. Addressing the participants, the FCCI president said establishment of an LHC bench at Faisalabad was inevitable and all procedural impediments should be removed on priority. He said that easy access to justice and immediate relief was the constitutional right of every citizen. He said that Faisalabad was the third LARKANA: Chairperson Oversight Committee, MNA Azra Peachuho presiding a meeting of Polio Review Programme largest industrial city.—APP with Sukkur and Larkana Divisional Officers.

MPs not hopeful of implementing EC code

ITNE to hold Court for 3 days from Feb 25

M ULTAN —The Implementation Tribunal for Newspaper T IMERGARA —Sitting lawEmployees (ITNE) will hold court in city for three days makers of the Khyber from Feb 25. According to triPakhtunkhwa Assembly on bunal registrar Mazhar Hanif Saturday expressed little that Chairman Nasir Hussain hope on implementation of Haideri will take up all cases the Election Commission of for the non implementation of Pakistan’s code of conduct wage board award on three for politicians and political days at the court room of Disparties. Talking to this retrict Officer Revenue, Multan. porter after attending a fu**** neral prayer at Munda First female MS of MPAs Dr Iqbal Pana and Fatimah Jinnah Women hosMalik Hayat Khan said that pital: The Punjab government the ECP had no powers of has deputed first female mediimplementation. cal superintendent of Fatima Both the lawmakers afJinnah Women Hospital on filiated with the Jamaat-iSaturday. Islami were elected as According to health MPAs from PK-39 and PKsources on Saturday, Dr 93 respectively in 2008 elecGhazala Safdar was transtions violating the JI boyferred and deputed as MS of Fatima Jinnah Women Hospital. Earlier, she was serving in Nishtar Medical Institute Multan. Fatima Jinnah Women Hospital is the only female hospital across the south Punjab. **** Clerks elections held on March 9: The District Clerks Bar Association elections will be held on March 9. According to a schedule issued by the bar,the last date for submission of nomination papers is March 4 while scrutiny of papers and final list of selected candidates will be displayed at the same day. **** Arrest warrants for two police officials: Anti-corruption special court issued arrest warrants for two police officials over not appearing in the court here on Saturday. According to anti-corHASSANABDAL: Minister of State for Defence Sardar Salim Haider Khan receiving ruption establishment applications from people during an open kutcheri. sources.—APP M HALEEM ASAD

cott decision. They said problems of masses could be solved if free, fair and transparent elections were held on time. The ECP code of conduct, they said was always violated by the contesting candidates and parties in the past. “I don’t see this time again it will be strictly implemented,” Malik Hayat said, adding that expenses limit for candidates had been increased from Rs 1.5 million to 3 million. Both the lawmakers viewed the next elections would be contested on money as majority of the candidates thought it as investment. They said that in future poor and genuine workers would be unable to con-

test election on the basis of ideologies. About militancy in KP, Sindh and Balochistan, they said it was due to its geographical location. They said the Punjab province had no such border issue that was why there had been no security problems. ****** The civil judge Timergara III Tila Muhammad on Saturday ordered release of 22 prisoners involved in minor cases, sources in the district jail Timergara told. The sources said the civil judge Tila Muhammad on directives of district and sessions judge visited the Timergara jail and released 22 prisoners who were charged under 107/151 and 54 CrPC.

Recovery of cash, household items demanded

PPP-MQM political rift only part of deal: Imtiaz IRFAN ALIGI KARACHI—Pakistan Muslim League (Functional) General Secretary Imtiaz Shaikh has said that the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) was advised time and again to do the politics for the people of Sindh so that it could not be isolated politically. The PML-F had suggested to the MQM that it should accept three demands of the PML-F to prove they were in opposition without any concealed deal with the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP). The demands, he said, were that MQM should support PML-F lawmaker in the Sindh Assembly Nusrat Sahar Abbasi for the position of opposition leader, the MQM should ask the Sindh Governor Dr Ishrat Ul Ebad Khan to tender his resignation and to support the opposition parties of the province for the unity through revocation of Sindh Local Government Act, which was meant to destroy the people of the province. He announced on behalf of Pir Sahab Pagara to observe ‘Thanksgiving Day’ on Monday because the anti-Sindh local government act was repealed and conspiracies for dividing Sindh had died down. He said the PPP had destroyed the country especially the province where law and order situation was extremely poor. Lives and businesses of the people of the province were left at the mercy of the criminals, remarked Shaikh. He said that the Commissioner Karachi, who held three key posts was given the additional charge of Karachi Metropolitan Administrator, which was also part of the

secret deal. The PPP had ruined the country especially the province and had imposed the local government act, which was a planned conspiracy to divide Sindh but due to the mounting pressure of the people of Sindh, the PPP had to revoke the antiSindh local government act. This was also part of government’s plan to rig the polls prior to casting of votes. PMLF would shortly release a ‘White Paper’ on corruption by the PPP and it would also carry the details of those Bureaucrats whom the government had favoured most while the others were forced to sit idle at homes, he announced. He had on behalf of PMLF Chief Pir Sahab Pagara felicitated people of Sindh for seeking the antiSindh local government act revoked. He offered special thanks to the Sindh Bacaho Committee for a historical struggle to save the unity and integrity of Sindh. PPP could not deceive the people of Sindh and the coming elections would prove that the PPP and its allies had no room in the politics of the province. The PPP and the MQM had under a planned deal created the drama of sitting on the opposition benches so that they could once again dupe the people of Sindh and win the elections but they would not succeed in their plans, he said adding that it was not possible for the PMLF to engage in political dialogues with those that had already created the drama of opposition and it was also not possible to hold free and fair elections in the presence of Sindh Governor Dr Ishrat Ul Ebad Khan.

Burglary victims call for arrest of culprits OUR CORRESPONDENT TIMERGARA—The residents of Walai Talash village have demanded of the district administration and police high ups to help them recover their cash, gold, household items and arrest all of the accused involved in their expulsion from their house. Speaking at a news conference here Noor Muhammad alias Kachy, his son Wazir along with other relatives said that on Feb 17 some armed accused including Gul Dawat, son of Sher and Muhammad Rasul, son of Syed Ahmad Khan of Mata Talash along with men from Maidan entered their house during daylight and forced them to vacate the house.

They said on resistance the accused attacked not only them but also women of the family and forcefully expuled the inmates on gun point. They said the accused also took away Rs 3,60,000 cash, eight tola gold ornaments, two mobile sets and other valuables of the hpouse along with them. They said that despite reporting to the Talash police nothing had been done for recovery of those valuables and arrest of the accused. They said that police arrested two accused but the FIR registered by police was not satisfactory. They said that a land dispute had been under trial in the court but their rivals wanted to get pos-

session of our property. They said that the situation could worsen if not taken seriously by police and administration. ***** The former drug inspector Malakand Yousaf Khan has asked pharmacy ‘C’ category candidates to adopt the profession for serving the humanity and not as a business. He was addressing a certificate distribution ceremony at a private medical institution here on Saturday wherein 80 candidates from the Bajaur Agency were awarded course completion certificate of Pharmacy ‘C’. The Para Medics, Dir district, general secretary Ahmad Shah, Rahat Khan and others also addressed

the certificate distribution ceremony. Yousaf Khan asked the participants to sell always warranteed and standard medicines as the market was full of fake and low quality drugs. He said pharmacy was a sacred profession and it should not be converted into business. He said prescription of wrong medicines led to murder of the patient for which doctors and pharmacist would be questioned in the world hereafter. Later talking to journalists he said that due to lawlessness and uncertain situation in Bajaur the course was conducted at Timergara. He said the certificate holders had become eligible for getting pharmacy HAFIZABAD: Doctor Iqbal Naeem, District Education OfC diploma examination. ficer awarding ATM Card to an internship teacher.

NATO: Pakistan must charge due transit fee


Cost of BBC’s failures


report appearing in this newspaper has highlighted the issues relating to NATO supply route through Pakistan and the need to charge a reasonable fee for the purpose. As first convoy has moved through the Pakistani route as part of the trial for withdrawal of equipment by NATO and the United States, questions are now being raised whether this would be free for all arrangement as was done earlier by our rulers or Pakistan would be adequately compensated. It is highly unfortunate that the Government of Pakistan is addressing the issue in a hush hush manner despite the fact that it has economic and strategic consequences for the country. During seven months when Pakistan blocked NATO supplies over Salala aggression by the US forces, there was popular demand that Pakistan should charge enough transit fee to take care of the wear and tear of its road network and security arrangements it is making to ensure safe passage of NATO traffic. However, this aspect was not addressed adequately and the final arrangement that was worked out with the United States on the plea that Pakistan has blocked the route on a principle basis and not for the sake of transit fee. This strange logic has not satisfied the nation like the shameful surrender by the then Government when it failed to negotiate any substantial package with the United States when it started its operation in Afghanistan and sought Pakistan’s cooperation in logistic and other matters. Though NATO has theoretically another route through Central Asian Republics yet during suspension of Pakistani route it became crystal clear not only to the United States and NATO but the entire world that the western route was neither affordable nor dependable. But whenever the USled West wants to pressurize Pakistan it leaks information about possibility of discarding Pakistani route and using the Western one as has been done by leaking out information to Times newspaper last week. Pakistan must not be misled by such propaganda tactics and insist on proper transit fee and also explore the possibility of handing over of some of the needed equipment by the US to Pakistan.

ECP is firm on fake degree issue D

ESPITE reports and analyses on the contrary, the Election Com mission of Pakistan (ECP) on Friday categorically stated that it was determined to implement the judgement of the Supreme Court in letter and in spirit and the process of verification of degrees would be completed so as to achieve the objective of Article-62 and 63 of the Constitution. The clarification came following publication of reports that the ECP has compromised on verification of degrees issue due to strong protest by leader of the opposition Ch Nisar Ali Khan, who had objected to writing of letter by the Commission to parliamentarians who did not care to submit their verified educational documents. Reports about ECP’s retreat have perturbed and shocked people of Pakistan who have pinned great hopes on the Commission vis-à-vis purging of the system of the corrupt. The issue of electoral reforms is high on the agenda of the people as corruption is one of the topmost factors for the all round decline in the country. It was highlighted by Dr Qadri and now people have necessary awareness and apart from their expectations from the Commission to implement relevant provisions of the law and the Constitution, they are also fully resolved to make good choices in the coming elections, which are being considered by analysts as mother of all elections. ECP should pay no attention to those who want to hide behind different excuses and are not willing to fulfil legal obligations. Action must be taken against all violators irrespective of their party affiliation or stature as everyone is equal before the law.

Unwarranted US warning on IP gas deal P

AKISTAN has been facing acute shortage of energy and the crisis aggravated in the last five years as industries and domestic consumers had to face long hours of load shedding. After lengthy negotiations Pakistan entered into an agreement with Iran for the supply of gas to meet its increasing needs yet the US has come out with repeated warnings that the implementation of the project would invite sanctions. These unwarranted warnings, one may say reflect the typical imperialistic mindset. Instead of helping Pakistan, which is a front line State in the US war on terror, Washington is giving lectures that there are other options for Pakistan for long-term solution of the energy crisis. The State Department officials are particularly referring to the 900MW of power that will be added to the grid by this year with US assistance but that will not resolve the problem as the shortage at the present time is more than 6000MW. If the US is so upset about Pakistan’s transaction with Iran, why does it not come forward and help Pakistan with a civil nuclear energy programme for generating electricity. The fact is that US is refusing the civilian nuclear energy to Pakistan while it has entered into an agreement for the same with India. The energy crisis is already taking its toll on the common man and the industrial units that are lying dormant, resulting in huge losses to the national exchequer. Under these trying and gloomy conditions the IP and TAPI pipelines are ray of hope that will help meet the ever increasing energy demands of Pakistan. Being a sovereign State, it is our right to transact with whomsoever we consider in our national interest and we hope the Government will stick to its principled position and complete the project.

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Economic fallacies? had and developing world generally had disastrous conin economic or Dr Zafar Altaf sequences and social polices. In politics undefined words have a special power. Fair is one such word and there are t was sometime ago that I had so many pro poor policies that Pawritten on agriculture fallacies. kistan during the course of the years Why do these fallacies persist? followed that we should by now be Of late I have observed that new a country where milk and honey words and fashionable ideas stated should be flowing for every one. from sources of world economic The word engages people’s emopowers are unnecessarily latched tions and the vista that these words on by the international institutes as open is different from the one that sources of future prosperity. Mil- normal non emotive words convey. lennium development goals was We are fair to the people of this one such buzz concept that was country when we build concrete passed on by a guilty western sys- heaven for the rich and the powertem to developing countries and all ful. The political advantage that aid was considered to be filtered powerful people engage in as a rethrough that system if the develop- sult creates more misery for the ing countries adapted this system. poor. When the mighty were movThe fallacy of millennium ing to Chak Shahzad the shops of goals became government polices the poor were dismantled as these all over the developing world. It were seen to be ugly by the powerseemed a good idea at that time is ful that had developed an interest what the world leaders kept on in the land there. I have photosaying. Well it never was a good graphs of the dismal behavior of the idea simply because it was too local council doing the act. Such hazy. Money is never the driving words are a great asset to the powforce in any policy that is consid- erful and the poor suffer from the ered world wide to lead to devel- intricacies of the meanings that the opment. It is a convenient source powerful place on them. If one were to give examples to hide behind. That is what happened at the UN conference where of the development crimes that bloated egos promised and never CDA has committed there would delivered. The UN was mighty be a litany that would be ever inhappy. The One world concept creasing. The last CDA chief was was again such a word and our so ruthless that he got promoted to own Shaukat Aziz was part of that ever powerful jobs, not one but concommittee and there were lowing currently held two or more posts reports of the wonders that would and now he is cooling his heals in emerge from the concept. Well London refusing to come back for where is that good idea now? No- fear of a judicial back lash. While where. What were the unintended here he was up to everything that consequences of these two good was unacceptable. Why take politiideas and such other ideas that cal advantage of and from the poor? come floating down to us is un- It is easy because they have no known. But these have put us back voice. The consequences of auca number of years simply because tioned plots are that the periphery the actual did not happen. We have of Islamabad has now become a


slum area. The people living in those slum areas are more than those living in Islamabad. Can any one be against fairness? Similar words as social justice and equality. These words mean different things to different levels of intellect. There will always be people that will support such actionable

There are too many fallacies to list them all. The advisors and the economists have to accept responsibility for there actions. That is what will make the world a better place for the poor Pakistani. The intellects of those that have had better opportunities because of Pakistan have a duty of care and responsibility to handle these and other issues; so some of us have to get involved in policy issues. words as these are considered sacrosanct by them. Public servants or public representatives do not like to admit that they were wrong. That is suicidal to there way of thinking because each in his own right is the last word in everything under the sun. The cost of not admitting anything that is wrong is too high to be ignored. The recent devolution is a case in point. While the world thinks that

devolution has taken place not a single project under the agriculture umbrella has gone to the provinces. The devolution was not under the 18th amendment but as a result of the decision taken in the Council of Common Interest. Talking of food inflation and food security there were policy makers that were keen not to have support price on any commodity any more. Yet the wheat support price increased and the ministry of food and agriculture kept on taking credit for increasing the incomes of the farmers. What they did not realize was that only seven percent farmers traded wheat and all these were large farmers. The smaller farmers eventually towards the end of the year purchased what they had produced at all time high prices. That support price lead to inflation no one of the mighty economists brought before the Cabinet. The difference between sound and fallacious economic policies by a government can affect the living of millions of Pakistanis forget the quality which is already at an all time low for the majority. The study of government policies is different from economics and some one needs to over see the decisions that are taken in the realm of many facets that the government is involved in. Third rate thoughts from the west are or should be debated and if found cumbersome eliminated from polices. There are too many fallacies to list them all. The advisors and the economists have to accept responsibility for there actions. That is what will make the world a better place for the poor Pakistani. The intellects of those that have had better opportunities because of Pakistan have a duty of care and responsibility to handle these and other issues; so some of us have to get involved in policy issues.

US machinations before withdrawal? wards disaster because it kills many unrelated civiland creates more hatred Ali Ashraf Khan ians and resistance than peace. Recent announcements of the US to their NATO partners made it clear that the he forthcoming with situation is even more alarming drawal of US and NATO than thought by NATO: the US forces from Afghanistan is want to leave only about ten thouthrowing its shadows upon the sand troops in Afghanistan half of region and Pakistan in particular. which will be used to secure The announcement by President American embassy and other inObama of a substantial troop re- stallations and for specialized atduction by the beginning of next tacks on Taliban and al Qaida reyear will be creating a volatile se- lated targets. That leaves only curity situation in our neighbor- about five thousand US soldiers ing country. Everybody knows for the training mission of the Afthat the Afghan army, police and ghan army and police. The NATO other security related institutions partners are quite worried about are far from ready to take over these numbers because they will the task of securing the lives and be liable to provide the shortfall properties of the Afghan popu- of numbers so as to sustain the lation. Let’s be honest, even the training mission. US and Nato were not able (or Now the US must be aware of bothered) to do that. Therefore this situation and is trying to find after their withdrawal a surge a solution for it. Countries like Afin Taliban related activities is ghanistan can obviously not be expected and it will take not controlled from a computer-run long before the coalition of military center somewhere far off warlords that is in government the spot where the drones are hittoday will fall apart with each ting. In this scheme of things the warlord trying to secure his US is looking for a solution for piece of the cake. their problems meaning that they While Obama in his speech are trying to involve India and the has announced that he will con- Indian army to take over at least tinue to fight against militancy some of the positions they have without boots on the ground been holding so far. India with its meaning more drone attacks to own vested interests in Afghaniroot out their own creation the stan might be inclined to listen to Jihadis on both side of border the US proposals that will probunder a well thought plan for fu- ably include a handsome remuture control of this region. Expe- neration also. A large number of rience of the previous years has Indian troops in Afghanistan will shown that increase in use of give India a second frontline bedrone attacks, is a sure way to- hind the enemy lines that is Paki-


stan. Pakistan will be confronted at its eastern and western border at the same time by the same enemy. This solution that is now unfolding will naturally be resented by the Pakistan army. American efforts to make India and Pakistan mend their conflicts and problems through opening of trade and cricket diplomacy first by compromising Kashmir is an effort to get this plan of theirs accepted by Pakistan. Right now a trilateral meeting between US, India and Afghanistan is going on in Delhi where the details of the US withdrawal and the time after it are discussed. This meeting is coinciding with the visit of British Prime Minister David Cameron to India, who played host to an earlier trilateral meeting in London. While few details are available it is said that the trilateral meeting of the US, India and Afghanistan has discussed a ‘host of issues relating to political, security and economic transition in Afghanistan besides specific cooperation projects’. Well, specific cooperation projects might be exactly what they are talking about in India now. One wonders why Pakistan has been ignored and not been invited for the negotiations when we are the direct victim of US adventure in which Pakistan suffered a net economic loss of more then $ 100 Billion in last ten years. Pakistan and its military must be on high alert about the outcome of these negotiations, and should not get bogged down due to hype created on electoral laws and urgency of caretaker setups gimmick to foil the design to get

stabbed in our back again. The US Assistant Secretary for South and Central Asian Affairs Robert Blake flew to Pakistan from India on Wednesday ostensibly in a desperate bid to take Islamabad on board about outcome of the trilateral meeting of India, US and Afghanistan held in New Delhi on Tuesday. The idea is of course to sell this to Pakistan. The very fact that Pakistan was not invited to the talks and is only informed about the fait acompli is a vivid illustration of the uneasiness of all three partners with Pakistan notwithstanding all pronouncements to the contrary. Pakistan is quite aware of the fact that there is no solution to the Afghan problem without taking us on board. To show this to the US Pakistan quite recently has taken two very good but controversial, from the US point of view, decisions now though it is late and should have been decided much earlier that are in our national interest: it has handed over the management of Gwadar port to the Chinese and it has entered into an agreement with an Iranian company to build its side of pipe line to materialize its plan to import gas for which the US is now threatening to impose sanctions on Pakistan. From this scenario it can be easily seen that while the decisions regarding Gwadar and the Iranian gas import are well in the national interest Pakistan’s relationship with the US is not; on the contrary, it is hampering our national and security interests in Afghanistan and economic relations with our neighbors.

he conclusions of Nick Pollard’s initial inquiry into the BBC’s handling of the Jimmy Savile scandal were damning enough. This was, he said, a body where “leadership and organisation seemed to be in short supply”, whose upper echelons “proved completely incapable of dealing” with the consequences of the decision to axe an investigation into the presenter’s activities. Yet reading the evidence published by his team yesterday provided a deeper, and even more worrying, understanding of the extent to which the BBC is not a broadcaster, but an unwieldy collection of feuding baronies, in which managers are most concerned not with serving the public, but with preserving their own status and reputation. Take the corporation’s clumsy decision to redact any testimony remotely critical of particular individuals – or its deletion of online comments from ordinary viewers, which told truths about Savile that executives did not want to hear. It is not hard to imagine what the BBC itself would say about any other organisation that behaved in this manner, particularly one that had promised to be entirely open. Such behaviour reflects a culture in which the tail wags the dog – a corporation run for the benefit of its own managers. In a telling phrase, Jeremy Paxman told Pollard that presenters and journalists such as himself were “below the salt”, excluded from the meeting rooms and email chains in which key decisions were made. Helen Boaden, the head of news at the time, admitted that editors had increasingly been turned into managers – and described how Peter Rippon, the hapless Newsnight chief, was appointed not because of his journalistic skills, but because he was a reliable subaltern who could rein in this rebellious province of her empire. What is most alarming, however, is the extent to which this culture has survived largely unbowed. Tim Davie, the acting director-general, practically glowed with satisfaction as he commended how “open and transparent” the corporation has been in its handling of the Pollard report. “It is important,” he concluded, “that the BBC now moves forward with the lessons learned and continues to regain the public’s trust.” But what lessons are those? To make people responsible for their actions? Apart from the former director-general, George Entwistle, senior executives have largely been shuffled sideways rather than shown the door. Or to restrain the vast salaries and payoffs that distance managers from reality or responsibility? Roly Keating, who recently left to run the British Library, picked up £375,000 as a parting gift. To focus on content rather than politicking? The new director-general, Lord Hall of Birkenhead, has already hired James Purnell, the former Labour culture secretary, as “director, strategy and digital”, on a salary of almost £300,000. Mr Purnell’s insights may be invaluable – but he is also perfectly suited to the cosy, corporatist, Left-wing consensus that dominates the BBC. In the business world, the construction of an opulent new headquarters is often seen as a warning sign that an organisation has lost its soul. Surveying the BBC’s gleaming palaces – Media City in Salford, Television Centre and Broadcasting House in London – it is hard to disagree. Some degree of bureaucracy is, of course, inevitable in an organisation of such size. Yet the BBC’s has grown like Topsy, unrestrained by a Trust torn between acting as governing body and watchdog. Secure in its guaranteed stream of public money, it takes the opportunity to park its tanks squarely on others’ lawns, with not a thought for the impact on the wider media ecosystem. For newspapers, for example, the existence of the sprawling BBC website grotesquely distorts the market – a problem that will only grow as separate media converge. The Savile farrago exposed deeper fault lines in the BBC’s structure than anyone could have imagined. Yet it came about, ultimately, because the corporation had forgotten its most basic function: to serve the viewers, rather than the managers. What is needed is to dismantle the bloated bureaucracy and create an organisation humbler both in spirit and in ambition — The Telegraph Successful investing is anticipating the ancitipations of others. John M Keynes

Pakistan: Darkness renewed Mahboob A Khwaja Email:


olitics has become a bloody business to maintain power and be affluent. Daily killings of innocent citizens are no news to the Pakistani politics. Within a month, twice innocent citizens were targeted in Quetta - bloodbath that bears religious insanity and troubling signs of continued disintegration of the Muslim nation. Those responsible for these cold blooded massacres of the civilians have no relationship to Islam. It is insanity at work. All citizens of Pakistan must have security and protection. Ironically, the civilian administration and the Generals cannot provide security to the beleaguered nation. But they are active in military engagements sponsored by the Foreign Master (USA) to kill the people labeled as “extremists” and “terrorists.”. Why the citizens cannot get security from their own security forces? Why is it that no killers are found or brought to justice? If there is an effective civilian government, why can’t they arrest the perpetrators of sadistic gangesterism? Most likely, the investigation will lead to few political monsters running the administration. Global community sees Pakistan drowning fast in

its own search for survival. If the security forces cannot protect the citizens, what else are they good for? Master has free hand to use the same blueprint of operations as is the case in Iraq and Afghanistan - invest in sectarianism and help the people to become helpless and start killing each other and they will be dismantled on their own without firing a single bullet from outside. More than a decade ago, the strategic plan was worked out in concert with General Musharaf to keep him in power. Under the guise of bogus War on Terror led by the US and its allies in Afghanistan and Iraq and continuing its spill-over into Pakistan. Politics means self-interests and self grooming. Pakistan enjoys a junk history of so called leaders over half of a century - time and opportunities for change and reformation stolen by the few Generals and their accomplice politicians. What the Pakistani nation wants and deserves is never part of their thinking and agenda. These thugs turned monsters rulers follow their own ambitions to enforce lawlessness, killings and destructions of the social , economic and political infrastructures. After half of a century of the military rule, martial laws, broken dreams of democracy and freedom, dismantled public institutions and continued disconnected governance by people like Zardari and his gangsters, how should the world view

the Pakistani nation - its moral norms, political culture and integrity? What tragic picture comes out of the daily massacres of innocent civilians and corrupt social and political imagery of the Muslim nation? Andrew Gavin Marshall (“Imperial Eye on Pakistan- Pakistan in Pieces, Part 1, Global Research: 5/ 30/2011) offers a candid context to the prevalent problem: “America has, in recent years, altered its strategy in Pakistan in the direction of destabilization. In short, Pakistan is an American target. The reason: Pakistan’s growing military and strategic ties to China, America’s primary global strategic rival. In the ‘Great Game’ for global hegemony, any country that impedes America’s world primacy – even one as historically significant to America as Pakistan – may be sacrificed upon the altar of war………. Pakistan will very likely continue to be destabilized and ultimately collapse. What is not mentioned in these assessments, however, is the role of the military and intelligence communities in making this a reality; a veritable self-fulfilling prophecy.” The intensification of drone attacks inside Pakistan has devastated the civilian lives in the border region. The corrupt Pakistani regime under Zardari has allowed the US forces to invade and kill its own people. One of the major aims of the US policy (as pointed out by the NY Times), is

to “disrupt the whole enterprise in Pakistan, including the civilian government”. Political opponents of the existing government would be “screaming for blood”, and the military would feel that it had to act against the government. The global news media and the New York Time (05/19/2007) made it known that “Pakistani Generals are paid to do the job.” These assignments included killings of their own people and destruction of the institutions and infrastructure to seek insane justification that US friends are doing the job in return for cash payments. The bogus set-up of the National Assembly and Senate and federal governance is disconnected joint of Pakistani politics. They reflect a burden on people’s conscience and morality. There is no honorable role for Bhuttos, Zardaris, military Generals and Sharifs to be part of Pakistan’s future. They are all dead entries with no relevance to the prevalent realities of the Muslim nation. Are there no intelligent and honest people left in politics to think of Pakistan and its future? Pakistani nation must look for change and new and politically responsible leadership and the answer rests with the vision and honest commitment of the new educated generation to serve the people of Pakistan and safeguard its future from further bloodshed and disintegration.

Strange vagaries of politics M Tahir Iqbal Email:


trange are the vagaries of poli tics. Those who were arch-foes till yesterday are endeared cohorts today, and may take up another route in the time to come. The inclusion of eight MPA’s plus a former secretary general Punjab hailing from Pakistan People’s Party into the fold of n-league can by no means be a move urged by ideological motives. Ideology has long been strangulated by our most politicians, nay leaders. Truth, veracity and loyalty for weal of the people – that is what the politicians are generally meant for – are going extinct on the Machiavellian theatre of politics in Pakistan. The present members are the ones whose tongues had never spared even the positivity of the PML-N. Since elections seems looming over, and the soughing winds in Punjab are favouring Muslim League-N, so better to join the

cadres of Sharif’s. Not long ago, you might have watched Uzma Bukhari spitting bullets against n-league, but now comfortably ensconced with her erstwhile foes. Kudos to those too who embrace such a lot. Doesn’t your sanity give in when you recall the picture of Miss Bukhari coming to the assembly with pots (lotas) in her hands so as to ridicule and humiliate the group led by Ata Manika in the Punjab assembly? Now how can she defend this act? Really are the vagaries of politics strange! Raja Riaz and Shaukat Basra seem much heartbroken and annoyed at the betrayal of this coterie of PPP diehards. Both of them contacted ECP’s provincial office and prayed that this group of nine turncoats ought to be debarred from contesting the next general elections; for they had taken the oath of loyalty to the PPP, but by joining PML-N they were no more “Sadiq” and “Ameen” under Articles 62 and 63 of the constitution. But the turncoats legally put it so that the PPP members had not violated the defection law, as they first

quitted the assembly membership and then joined PML-N which was their right. Are Raja Riaz and Mr. Basra innocently oblivious of what former MNA and Senator Raja Muhammad Afzal Khan belonging to Jhelum and hailing from PML-N did in January? The elder Raja along with his two sons – Raja Muhammad Asad Khan and Raja Muhammad Safdar Khan, sitting MNA’s of the PML-N – has been warmly welcomed in PPP. Also Significant is the fact that the duo has not got warm reception by the local politicians in the constituency of PP-137. Rana Iqbal is the sitting MPA from the region; and Sami jumped into arena on the condition of contesting the coming election on the ticket of PML-N from the same constituency, thereby tainting upon the chances for Rana Iqbal. But the hard reality stands in the feet of Samiullah Khan – he would have to face the young Yasir Gilnai in the constituency of PP-137. Yasir Gilani is the pioneer member of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf. Albeit still a young blood, he has proved to be

a mature politician in the area. He has developed wholesome relations at almost every level of society in his terrain. Different surveys in the constituency exhibits engineer Yasir Gilani to be in much stronger position than other candidates from other political parties. Just lately, he has also filed his nomination papers for vice-president Lahore chapter of PTI. The stark reality remains for sure that PPP has almost lost popular public adherence to the party in most parts of Punjab. This is what is forcing PPP electables or old workers to shun the cliché of ideological fidelity, and either to tilt for PML-N or PTI so as to achieve some more worth after winning the coming general elections. That is the reasoning which is pushing PPP and PML-Q members to quit their parties and join the parties that have reasonable standing among populace. This is what we name the politics far away from the regions of utopian meanderings of fake ideologies.

Views From Abroad

India’s ‘untouchables’ Shaikh Azizur Rahman


indus believe a dip in the waters where the Ganges, Yamuna, and mythical Saraswati rivers meet during India’s Kumbh Mela Hindu religious festival cleanses them of their past sins, giving them a clean slate and helping them attain salvation. When a group of about 100 women from lowest rank of society, dalits – formerly known as “untouchables” or “manual scavengers” – took a bath at the sacred site, of itself an extremely rare if not unheard of event for members of their community, they came out of the water proclaiming that their low status as “untouchable” had been dissolved. Dalits are known as one of the most discriminated against people in India, generally prohibited from even touching members of higher castes. They are not generally allowed to perform most Hindu rituals, including the Kumbh dip. Yet, when the group emerged from their holy bath at the festival earlier this month, Hindu priests who belong to the highest Hindu caste, welcomed them to

mainstream society by blowing conchs, chanting hymns, smearing holy ash on their forehead, and declaring that the women were no longer “untouchables.” It’s the biggest sign yet of changing attitudes about India’s outdated caste system, say experts. “This Kumbh ceremony should be viewed as a bold and successful step toward the egalitarian inclusion of the downtrodden in the religio-social world of the Hindus,” says retired sociology professor Hetukar Jha pointing out the historical importance of the high caste Brahmins supporting the women. The Kumbh ceremony has had an overwhelming affect on the women from the scavenger community who, shunned by the high caste Hindus, are still marginalized. “Although 300 of us in (Rajsasthan’s) Alwar district left scavenging 10 years ago, most high caste Hindus around us view us as untouchables. They usually avoid all social interactions with us,” says former scavenger Laxmi Nanda who took the Kumbh cleansing dip. “So, apart from announcing that we were no more untouchables, when the high caste Hindu leaders shared meals with

us at the ceremony, to me it was an incredible experience,” says Ms. Nanda. “I felt I was re-born that day.” The caste system is the ancient Hindu system of social hierarchy defining a person’s value and code of conduct based on social status inherited at birth. Originally divided into four separate categories, with priests at the top and servants at the very bottom, the system has morphed throughout the past 2,000 years to include numerous sub-castes, each with its own traditions and levels of worth. While dalits are considered the lowest of the low, manual scavengers are considered the lowest subcategory among all dalits. The Kumbh cleansing ceremony for the former manual scavengers was organized by Sulabh International, an Indian social organization that – among other things – fights for elimination of manual scavenging in India. The organization developed an eco-friendly inexpensive toilet system that converts waste into dry fertilizers and bio-fuels, and is known as the “Sulabh toilet,” named for the group. However, not everyone believes that rituals like the Kumbh dip can help upgrade the

social status of the former manual scavengers in their day-to-day lives. Social activist S. R. Darapuri called the Kumbh dip a “meaningless ritual.” “The high caste-dominated aggressively caste-ist society would continue to view them as untouchables even after those Kumbh rituals. The mindset of the mainstream society would not change in favour of the former scavengers that soon,” Mr. Darapuri says. “So, this Kumbh dip was nothing but a gimmick by the organizers.” Activist and writer Madhu Kishwar agrees that it will take much more than the Kumbh dip to change perceptions across the country of 1.2 billion people, but applauded the organization’s efforts to remove manual scavenging. “The stigma attached to manual scavenging vanishes fast when society creates proper sanitation systems and provides dignified working conditions along with good remuneration. There is no stigma attached to being a vacuum cleaner at a swanky airport,” says Ms. Kishwar, a fellow at New Delhi’s Centre for the Study of Developing Societies. — Courtesy: The Christian Science Monitor

No statue for me..!


he chief minister of a state somewhere in the country looked up from his newspaper at the artist painting his portrait with dismay, “How could they do this to me?” he moaned, “Now how will people remember me, if there is no statue I can put up?”“You could put it in the compound of your ministerial bungalow,” said the artist simply.“And have it pulled down by the next chief minister?” asked the CM. “The roads were the only

place that belonged to the statues, and now that’s gone! How ever will I be remembered? How?” “If you have a good PR agent he could see that your name keeps cropping up every once in a while,” said the artist.“That would be a drain on my finances,” said the chief minister. “But a statue would be quite expensive too?” asked the artist. “A statue is made by private people using public money,” said the CM, “I don’t have to dip into my own kitty. The public clamour for a statue of me and I sanction it!” “The public?” “Yes, yes, I will have to arrange a truckload or two from the villages, but then again it’s public money, so I don’t suffer, now I have to suffer!” “Why would you suffer sir with

no statue?” “Can you imagine walking down a road ten years from now, and nothing on the road looking down at me? Imagine how Gandhi would feel if that happened to him?” “Gandhi sir?” asked the artist putting down his brush. “Yes Gandhi, the father of the nation, our mahatma, can you imagine his hurt if there was no statue, no painting, no shrine for him?” “I have not imagined something like that sir!” “He would walk down the road, a half naked man, with those round spectacles, and nobody would recognize him. Why? Because there won’t be any statue to tell people how he looked!” “Is that important sir?” asked the artist looking at the pot bellied ugly

chief minister, “Is it so important that people remember how you looked?” “What else is there?” asked the puzzled CM. “Don’t you think that what you did is more important than how you looked?” “What I did?” “That you are remembered, like Gandhi for bringing freedom to the country, for his many peace making missions, his philosophy of ahimsa? Isn’t that why he is remembered? What have you done sir, that you will be remembered, a year from today, five years, ten years?” “Nothing!” said the Chief Minister, “Now I will never be remembered, because there is no statue for me..!” —

Voice of the People Pointing fingers at Pakistan ALI ASHRAF KHAN The twin bomb blasts in HyderabadDeccan have upset Indian Parliament and people. Home Minister Shinde and police have been admitting that terrorist attacks had been announced for Hyderabad and two other places well before hand and that the administrative negligence can be seen from the fact that CCTV cameras covering the area remained out of order for reason unknown. Around sixteen dead and hundred and seventeen injured are the victims of this ghastly attack and though nobody has claimed responsibility so far, but for political point scoring many fingers have been raised towards Pakistan. Pakistan among many others has expressed its condolence and its rejection of terrorist attacks to its neighbor. Still, the traditional understanding of Pakistan as the main enemy seems to be overwhelmingly present among the Indian public who have been indoctrinated for decades on this type of victimization. This is so despite the fact that there are plenty of reasons for Indians to be masters of these attacks. One possible reason could be the recent hanging of the Kashmiri freedom fighter Afzal Guru that has led to unrest and violence in Indianheld Kashmir – a reaction that had been anticipated by those who took the decision of hanging. But who says that a Kashmir reaction or retaliation would be limited to Kashmir only? Another very potent possibility are the Hindu militants of BJP and RSS trained in those camps which the Indian Home minister was mentioning some time back publicly; those who were responsible for the Samjhota Express attack and whose involvement in the Gujarat killings has never been investigated. Indian rulers have failed to resolve and satisfy its domestic warring factions instead Congress is eager to assume policeman’s role on US behalf in Afghanistan the consequence of which they can learn from Pakistani experience being a US coalition partner. A third possibility can be the Naxalites, who are fighting the Indian government for the last many decades and who are said to control upto one third of Indian territory today. So that is showing that there are many more and better options than the Pakistani one. Pakistan being under severe pressure from the US to mend their relations with India has gone out of its way to please its American sahibs. Pointing fingers at Pakistan is, therefore, the easiest and most popular but the least credible solution to any thinking observes. —Karachi

**** FAROOQ WAQAS The bomb blast in Indian Hyderabad is a very tragic incident on two counts. First, it has caused the loss of some 20 lives and scores more have been injured, which is a heinous thing to occur anywhere in the world. Both India and Pakistan have reached a stage of composite dialogue that has been very difficult to come by. With such attacks taking place and India’s natural suspicion of Pakistan, these talks have been thrown into jeopardy once again. I hope good sense prevails on both sides and that talks and dialogue are allowed to mature, no matter what sinister elements plan. —Lahore

The difference M RAFIQUE ZAKARIA


was watching the footages of a bomb blast on TV that happened in Indian city of Hyderabad Deccan. The policemen and members of bomb disposal squad collecting the evidence from the blast site were fully equipped with latest equipment and all of them were picking the pieces of evidence with gloves on. Bomb blasts in Pakistan are the order of the day. It is very disturbing and disappointing to see personnel of bomb disposal squad and police diffusing bomb and picking evidence without appropriate equipment and bare hands. Why can’t our government provide effective tools to personnel of relevant department who risks their lives to save ours. Our government announces millions of rupees as compensation to families of the victims but never provide funds to equip our bomb disposal squads and police. —Karachi result the loss of the studies of children and dismiss of the FIR after a “deal” between Police department and the admin of the school. The government should shape a set of laws to check the commercial and school buildings periodically and get them sealed if any flaws are found regarding the security and protection issues. These buildings should be ensured to reassure a check on their condition. The administration must also take some serious and considerable measures to reduce the risk of such dangerous events which are a serious threat to lives of innocent children. The teachers, other staff and the kids should get basic training for steps to avoid such events and to cope with the emergency conditions. Moreover, the politicians and officials, including DCO of the city should consider the options to make the situations better in buildings like schools, factories etc, so that people may feel secure sending their kids to the schools or the near ones to the workplaces. —Lahore

People are confused AMYN If one has to stage a sit-in then why is one not held where the people who are supposed to do something about law and order reside and preside? Why are all the people standing in empty fields and junctions when they should be calling out to the nation and putting the fear of God in those who are simply supposed to do their jobs? After all, these people are paid through our taxes and by the levies that are enforced upon us, so why not hold them accountable? We say nothing when they award themselves plots of land and fabulous trips to destinations unknown with a goof troupe that will bring ‘change’. Now the pressure is beyond control and the pressure cooker, the awam (people). arenot whistling loudly. The are screaming in agony. Why are these people barking up the wrong tree when it is empty? It is time to hold all those people accountable who have taken the responsibility of providing our citizens with security. It is time we all made their lives a bit uncomfortable. Before vigilante justice takes over, and there is total and complete anarchy, we need to have an organised approach in dealing with these people who have not done their job. I am not blaming the government as I believe strongly in democracy; rather I am blaming those who voted with ulterior motives and did not bring in the people who would actually secure them. It is time to move and, as a nation, take the reins of this wild runaway horse into our own hands. If we do not and continue to scream and shout where no one is listening then we ourselves are to blame if nothing happens. —Via e-mail

cause Fire: Preventive A common M E measures In 1987, after dispatching 40,000 exAHMOOD


This refers to the recent sad incident of the fire explosion in a private school building in Lahore. Children and a young teacher got burn injuries and the kids with a third degree burn injury admitted to the hospital. It is stated in the news that Police has registered the case under so many acts, one of them being 285 (negligent conduct with respect to fire and combustible material) and the officials visited the site have assured that they will soon present a private school bill in Punjab assembly. This incident reminds me of the Karachi fire blasts in the garments factory. The same criminal negligence was observed there too, which caused a number of casualties and the people grieved on the death of their dear ones. All such incidents pose a serious question mark on the responsibilities of the government as well as the administration. Government should play its role in providing security measures instead of just registering a case against the administration and closing the school, which will only


tra troops in addition to 80,000 already deployed in Afghanistan, then Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev told the central committee of the Soviet Communist Party: “Comrades, stereotyped minds are like caged birds unwilling to spread their wings and take to the sky even when the cage is left open.” He was referring to their reluctance to send extra troops to Afghanistan and help the Afghan authorities restore order. His idea was to secure the cities of Kabul and Kandahar so that a local administration could operate, leading to eventual restoration of normal life. However, Mr Gorbachev failed to realise that the strategic environment under which the Soviet forces were operating had not changed. The mujahideen were still carrying out hit and run attacks, using Pakistan’s tribal areas as their staging posts, and the US was continuing to supply them with lethal weapons in its proxy war against its Cold War rival. The only way the Soviet forces could stop the mujahideen from carrying out attacks was to dismantle their bases inside Pakistan, but this would have triggered a wider conflict involving Pakistan.

Moreover, exhausted by a decade-long bloody war, the Soviet forces started suffering from what can be called ‘terminal combat fatigue syndrome’ — the reluctance to shed more Russian blood in a country that could not be tamed. Hence, Russian troops were obliged to withdraw after suffering heavy casualties. However, they did not leave behind a well-trained Afghan army, and the pro-Soviet Najibullah regime could not withstand a mujahideen offensive and collapsed. Similarly, by taking up combat, the US might have replicated the failed Soviet Afghan mission. Like the anti-Soviet mujahideen, the anti-US Taliban are carrying out attacks using Pakistan’s tribal areas as their staging posts with Pakistan providing them sanctuary in its proxy war. Exhausted by two bloody wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, the US is also suffering from terminal combat fatigue syndrome and is retreating. Like the Soviets, the Americans did not train and equip an Afghan army from the outset. The ill-equipped and ill-paid Afghan army may not withstand a determined Taliban attack. The only hope lies in Afghanistan and Pakistan making common cause against the Taliban. With the Pakistani Taliban — an offshoot of the Afghan Taliban — slaughtering ordinary Pakistanis in the name of their brand of Islam, it is in Pakistan’s interest to join hands with Afghanistan to fight the Taliban in both countries. Let us hope that this time they will learn from history. —Ottawa, Canada

Career counselling HASNAIN ALI BANANI Student life is full of charm and enjoy and everyone who is in practical life always seem to miss his/her student life. But the student life also has challenges and problems of its own. The students of developing countries like Pakistan have lots of problems, such as financial problems, poor transportation system, language barrier, incompetent teachers and many more. One of the problems faced by students is that usually they are not free to choose study programmes of their own choice. Parents normally impose upon them a field of study which may not be suitable for the child or which he doesn’t feel comfortable with to study. This is a very common problem of our society. A student may want to be a journalist or a photographer but his parents may select engineering for him. So when he gets admission to the engineering college, he does not perform well. He then starts to feel that he is not fit for the field. Parents should think about it and stop imposing study programmes on their children. They should only inform them about the scope and problems of every field, and let them choose a study programme. Students, after passing their matriculation examination, face too much confusion about the selection of their further studies. They don’t know which study area is best for them. Most of the students don’t even know different fields of studies other than engineering and medical due to lack of study and career counselling. They get admission to these programmes and then don’t get good marks. That’s when they can’t get admission to medical or engineering colleges, and become upset thinking about their career. We don’t have career counsellors in Pakistan other than a few institutions which hire career counsellors to guide their students. Students should have some basic knowledge about any profession before deciding to take it as their future profession. Students should be able to consult their teachers, parents and friends in this regard, particularly the persons that are already attached with the profession they are interested in. —Karachi

READERS are requested to type their letters legibly with double spacing and only on one side of the paper.


Iran Sanctions: The Cat and Mouse Game Continues BEHZAD YAGHMAIAN

and exchange. Meanwhile, Iran’s nuclear activities actually escalated. Iran’s eclectic sys-

ropean Union. Sanctions have been a boost to China, the main economic rival of the


EW U.S. sanctions against Iran went into effect in early February. The measures aim at severely limiting Iran’s ability to repatriate earnings from oil exports. However, the Iranian government has largely bypassed earlier sanctions by using innovative trade and payment practices. In fact, these sanctions have benefited China and other economic rivals of the United States, argues Behzad Yaghmaian. Nine years into the sanctions regime, mounting economic pressures seem to have failed to halt or slowdown Iran’s nuclear activities. These sanctions first targeted trade related to Iran’s nuclear program. As the pressure failed to produce results, they expanded to other sectors of the Iranian economy. The Iranian government has managed to utilize ancient trading practices to bypass very modern and sophisticated financial and trade systems. By 2011, Iran’s petrochemical and oil and gas sectors, along with the country’s entire financial sector, including its central bank, were under sanctions. Those particular sanctions were more effective. They nearly paralyzed the Iranian economy and impaired the livelihood of ordinary Iranians through soaring prices, business closures, joblessness, nonpayment of wages and salaries and an array of social problems. The Iranian government, for its part, used creative measures to minimize the effect of the sanctions by going around them. It used pre-modern and outdated methods of trade and money exchange to sustain, albeit at a much lower level, its participation in international trade

Iran’s sanctions: Cat and Mouse............. tem of trade and money exchange has one foot in the past and the other in the present. Iran has managed to utilize ancient trading practices to bypass very modern and sophisticated financial and trade systems. Its success would not have been possible without the new economics of globalization and competition between the dominant global economic blocs. Particularly, Iran tapped into China’s recent economic ascendance and its rivalry with the United States and the Eu-

United States. Barred from the SWIFT system, Iranians have been engaged in barter trade with China, India, Russia and Pakistan. In return for exporting oil to China and India, Iran has been receiving metal cans, cardboard, wheat, soybean meal and other consumer products. Six years into the sanctions regime, mounting economic pressures seem to have failed to halt or slowdown Iran’s nuclear activities. For many years now, the Chinese have

The limits of military growth


HEN the Cold War ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States drew on its big lead in wealth, resources and technology to achieve an unprecedented level of global military dominance. That “unipolar moment” appears to have been fleeting. Today the U.S. may be on the verge of a military decline that could have major repercussions for stability and the balance of power in the AsiaPacific region. Since 1999, America has put a high priority on being able to wage two major wars at the same time, in Asia and the Persian Gulf. In the very near future, it may no longer be able to do so. America’s economy is laboring under accumulated debt. A partisan system of government in Washington seems far from agreement on a package of reduced spending and higher taxes. Agreement is needed — before a March 1 deadline set by Congress — to prevent further hefty and indiscriminate cuts in the armed forces’ budget over the next decade. Top U.S. defense officials and ser-

Limits to Growth Author Dennis….. vice chiefs are deeply worried about the consequences of continued political deadlock. They have warned of a “readiness crisis” in the U.S. armed forces, as training and operations suffer from cumulative decline, undermining America’s ability to deter and respond to the threat or use of force in Asia and other parts of the world. “We’ll have inadequate surge capacity at the appropriate readiness to be there when it matters, where it matters,” U.S. Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Jonathan Greenert told a congres-

denominated in yuan. The yuan payments for Iran’s oil exports are deposited into Chinese bank accounts. In return, Iran uses the money to buy washing machines, refrigerators, electronic goods, toys, clothes, cosmetics, toiletries and other consumer goods that dominate the Iranian market. New and tougher sanctions will only strengthen China’s position. This is a showcase for yuan’s future possibilities as an international currency. Iranians made similar deals with India, selling oil in return for rupees. Iran receives 45% of its oil sale to India in rupees deposited in India’s state-run UCO Bank. The rest is settled through Indian accounts at the Turkish Halkbank where funds are transferred from Indian to Iranian-owned accounts. Iranian businesses have also been increasingly relying on an unconventional payment mechanism, using the ancient practice of hawala (an Arabic word for money transfer) through pri-



of Iranian enriched uranium gas for foreign-produced metallic fuel plates. Indeed, if Iran received sufficient assistance with this exchange it would end up quickly retreating from the various artificial weaponization “red lines.” Another error Netanyahu makes in his flawed time line is assuming that Iran

It says far more than merely that there is no evidence now for any nuclear weapons development work in Iran. It says there is actual concrete highquality evidence that Iran is not making nuclear weapons, and that the leaders in Tehran have not even made a decision to embark on such a program. Natanz. Installing and starting up 3,000 or so of the new second-generation (IR-2) machines will take months. It is akin to setting up a whole new facility. The latest IAEA report on Iran indicates they have installed – but not yet hooked-up - just 180 of the IR-2 machines. It is not clear that they will be connected in the foreseeable future or even if they will work. A host of engineering teethingproblems are sure to ensue in starting up new centrifuge cascades; it is inconceivable that the cascades would immediately be run at full speed. Theoretically, the IR-2s work about three times faster than the IR-1s but it could take months or even years to realize

Conflictual hairsplitting

OMMENTATORS often question the legitimacy of international law by citing its inconsistency, ambigu ity, and selective application. Some have argued that international law does not really exist because it is little more than a reflection of the behavior and values of the most powerful states. Powerful actors exert disproportionate influence over the composition of international law and are simultaneously able to ignore it when it becomes inconvenient. Legal scholar Nanjala Nyabola recognizes the validity of these critiques, but argues against

International Law Isn’t ‘Real’ is law? Pseudo-consensus We take it for granted that there is general consensus on this question. But this pseudo-consensus is nothing more than a function of the passivity of those who learn and teach the law. It represents our reluctance to engage with those deep and elaborate questions that the great minds of Western philosophy at least, dedicated their

Such ideas may not matter when we are considering an appropriate punishment for a killer given the unspoken agreement that arbitrarily taking a life is incompatible with a functional society. But it matters a great deal where the proscribed action clashes with underlying cultural values, like when animal cruelty laws prevent people from slaughtering goats dur-

International law may not matter much to self-absorbed ideologues considering its limits at the university. But it matters a great deal to refugees fleeing wars, or to victims of drone strikes, or in countries where governments turn cancerous and parasitic against their own people. The onus is on law schools and practitioners to think creatively about how elite consensus on this issue can be created. Ultimately, it comes down to two things: either change the minds of the elite, or change the elite. the notion that this renders international law less real than domestic law. Since domestic law is also shaped by inequalities in social power and often applied arbitrarily and inconsistently, Nyabola argues against the temptation to dismiss international law as inconsequential. It’s one of the most common refrains you hear, especially in an American law school, as to why the US has no reason to abide by or participate in international conventions or nascent legal institutions like the international criminal court. The unspoken philosophical implications are: that there is

comfort of ascribed “realness”, we should be able to extend this comfort to the other. “Real” law is the necessary fiction that consequences must flow from the actions of one against each other, and that the Law as defined by those in power or with money, determines both the infraction and its consequences; yet another tool that those in power have to employ against the powerless. They are able to do this, because even at the most prestigious centres for legal learning and thought, few grapple the meta-question that underpins the entire exercise: namely, what

lives to unpacking. Plato urges us to unpack and reconsider what is “real”. Augustine rolls up his sleeves and contemplates the nature of justice. The modern lawyers spending their time drawing up contracts or negotiating settlements will never read a philosophical text and spend their time moving around money, while the most pressing questions that determine the parameters of the profession - What makes one thing legal and the other illegal? When do laws change and why? - are left to philosophers with little connection to the day-to-day life of those affected.

the full potential of the second-generation centrifuges. The IR-2s would be a small step up for Iran. They are not some kind of quantum breakthrough. Even the new IR-2 machines are very old 1970-80s technology by Western standards. And by installing any additional enrichment capacity,

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad gestures to photographers after meeting with Indonesian counterpart Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in Nusa Dua, Bali. could instantaneously install, debug Iran is not doing anything that vioand run thousands of centrifuges at lates its legal right to develop nuclear full capacity. This is highly unlikely. technology. Russian Foreign Minister There are almost 12,700 first-genera- Sergey Lavrov has been insisting on tion (IR-1) centrifuges spinning at this.


such a thing as “real” law, and that domestic law has somehow achieved that gold standard. After almost two years of grasping the essence of this “realness”, swimming upstream against the glib acceptance that Law is, I find myself concluding that there is no such thing as “real” law. Domestic law is no more real than international law and if we allow one, the empty

other. Iranian expatriates have been sending large sums of money home through the same unregulated payment networks. New and tougher sanctions on Iran will only strengthen China’s position. This is a showcase for yuan’s future possibilities as an international currency. And when all means of payment fail, gold always rises to the top as the universally accepted instrument of settling accounts. Iran has been purchasing large amounts of gold from Turkey in return for petroleum exports. Turkey makes Turkish lira deposits into accounts owned by NIOC (The Iranian National Oil Company) at Halkbank. Iranians then use the lira to purchase gold. Physical couriers carrying up to 50 kilograms (110 pounds) of gold in their suitcases take Iran’s gold out of Turkey and into Dubai. The gold is then shipped to Iran from Dubai. —Courtesy: Globalist

How close is Iran to nuclear weapons?

SRAELI Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu claimed last week that gress have already agreed to reduce the new second-generation centri Pentagon’s budget by nearly $487 bilfuges, which Iran plans to start lion over the next decade. Sequestration is set to trigger another $500 billion up at its Natanz uranium enrichment in across-the-board cuts over the same facility, could cut by a third the time needed to create a nuclear bomb – unperiod. derlining his deadline of this summer “It will degrade our ability to defend our allies, to take military action against Iran. deter aggression, and promote and protect American Netanyahu’s prediction, however, appears to be based on some unsubeconomic interests,” they said. “It will erode the cred- stantiated assumptions regarding Iraibility of our treaty commitments abroad.” Until now, nian intentions and capabilities. Yet it can provide ammunition to the hawks the Obama administration has sought to maintain a in Washington and Jerusalem, who could rush us into another needless global U.S. military presence that emphasized the and counterproductive war in the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East, while main- Middle East. Netanyahu’s assertions do not stand up to technical scrutiny. taining defense commitments to Europe. Critically, he does not mention that makers failed to forestall the so-called Carter says that compounding the Iran has been converting part of its uranium sequestration cuts, U.S. allies and rivals impact of sequestration is the continu- 20-percent-enriched could conclude that the U.S. lacked re- ing resolution now funding the govern- hexafluoride gaseous stockpile into solve and was not serious in implement- ment, instead of a budget. Because an metallic form, for use as fuel for the ing the Obama administration’s new de- appropriations bill was not signed last Tehran Research Reactor. This confense strategy. This includes a rebal- year, some accounts for the military are version essentially freezes the enrichancing of forces to the Asia-Pacific re- underfunded while others have a sur- ment level and subtracts from the gion, which Washington has identified plus. “There’s enough money in the “enrichable” gaseous stockpile used as a key area for future economic growth, continuing resolution,” he explained. in centrifuges. It is not something that trade and investment. “Our friends and But “it’s in the wrong accounts.” As a a nation hell-bent on weaponization our enemies are watching us,” Carter result, there is a cash shortage in the would do. Neglecting this fact in commilitary operations and maintenance ing up with a hypothetical “time line to a bomb” is like balancing your bank accounts. The Pentagon has rushed through account by registering just your inplans for operating the armed forces come – but failing to subtract the under sequestration. In the short term, amounts of the checks you’ve writthis would mean subtracting $46 billion ten. Basically, whatever amount is confrom the funds it planned to have available for the rest of this fiscal year, which verted to metal oxide form is not easends in October. Here is a summary of ily available for further enrichment to the U.S. military curtailments announced weapons-grade uranium, even if Iran so far: The navy has indefinitely de- decided to launch a weaponization layed the deployment of an aircraft car- effort in the future. Reconversion back rier strike group to the Persian Gulf, the to gaseous form is difficult and timesource of much of the imported oil and consuming and a major roadblock if a some of the imported natural gas that country intends to “race to the bomb.” Asia relies on to power its economic In addition, it is known that the Iranigrowth. Since 2010, two carriers and ans are experiencing technical probtheir surface warship and submarine lems in converting their gaseous 20said. From 1999 to 2011, annual U.S. de- escorts have been deployed to the Per- percent-enriched uranium hexafluofense spending rose from $360 billion sian Gulf-Arabian Sea zone for most of ride stockpile into metal fuel plates. If to $537 billion, not including an extra the year, an operational tempo that has the world powers and the Internacumulative $1.3 trillion spent on opera- strained the fleet. The navy has also tional Atomic Energy Agency are contions in Afghanistan and Iraq. Total U.S. delayed the overhaul of a second car- cerned and want to secure Iran’s enmilitary spending in 2011 amounted to rier that is in service and delayed con- riched uranium stockpile, one way just over $739 billion, substantially ex- struction of one of the two being built. would be to offer Iran technical assisceeding the combined defense budgets The U.S. has 10 operational carri- tance with this conversion. This sort of the next nine top spenders: China, ers, all nuclear-powered. They, and the of technical help is a normal part of Britain, France, Japan, Russia, Saudi 75 warplanes each carries, are the main the IAEA’s official duties in member Arabia, Germany, India and Brazil. So, weapon system America uses in pro- nations. Alternatively, the world powers there may be plenty of fat to cut. But it jecting long-range power to deter agnegotiating with Iran could agree to needs to be done in a carefully planned gression and fight in a conflict. way. President Barack Obama and Con—Courtesy Japan Iimes implement a simultaneous exchange sional committee Feb. 13. “We will not be able to respond in the way the nation has expected and depended (on us to act).” A day later, U.S. Deputy Defense Secretary Ashton Carter said that if law-


vate exchange houses in other countries. Typically, an Iranian importer would pay a hawaladar (broker) in Dubai in dollars or dirhams. The broker would call a trusted contact in the exporting country, and the contact would pay the exporter in the local currency. The brokers would later settle debts to each

Iran’s success in partially bypassing sanctions reveals the complexity of controlling international trade and finance, despite the application of sophisticated and modern monitoring methods. Responding to the most recent U.S. sanctions, the Iranian government announced the creation of a special commission to promote further expansion of barter trade. There are many willing actors in the world markets that will help Iran achieve that goal.

Locking global horns MICHAEL RICHARDSON

been trying to elevate the global standing of its currency, the yuan, and break the monopoly of the U.S. dollar as the currency of choice in settling international accounts. Using sanctions to its benefit, the Chinese helped Iran bypass the banking embargo and concluded billions of dollars of trade deals

ing religious festivals. It matters where those in power create the very circumstances that the marginalised will be penalised for, like when a government or school administration is unable to keep students safe in public schools but punishes parents and students for truancy. It matters where the consequence of the law is a permanent and powerful alteration of the rights framework, such as when 29 percent of the male African-American population in Florida is unable to vote because of a law on permanent disenfranchisement. I posit that what is “legal” represents elite

“We were told by the IAEA,” Lavrov recently said in Moscow, “that they [the Iranians] will install next-generation centrifuges.” He added, “However, [Iran] is doing everything in line with their commitments under the Safeguards Agreement.” The issue that the world powers have with Iran is a political one, not a legal one. “The IAEA will be there and will supervise this,” Lavrov said, “but I’d like to repeat that this is a legal aspect of the matter, while the political aspect is that we, along with the other Security Council members, have called on Iran to freeze enrichment operations during the negotiations.” —Courtesy Reuters

consensus on the standards of behaviour that are acceptable, especially where the misbehaviour by the proletariat threatens elite interests. The evangelical Christian pastor, TD Jakes, put it most eloquently in one of his recorded sermons: “They throw you in jail when you rob a liquor store, but when you rob Enron, they don’t know what to do with you.” The Western elite was previously united under the banner of religion, but the decline of the latter has left a lot of its ideas intact, while robbing them of their logic. Today, law is tautological; law is not because God says so, but because it is. This isn’t a call to anarchy; elite compromise is perhaps the most consistent characteristic of Western polity, from the white men of Athenian democracy to the Ivy League/ Oxbridge public policy of the US and the UK. It is a necessary fiction like many others that allow society to function, but that doesn’t make it any less of a fiction. Elite consensus So, if we allow and indulge this fiction in domestic law, why shouldn’t we allow it in international law, especially where the positive consequences are apparent in domestic law? Namely, getting the powerless to buy into the fiction creates the kind of social change that the elites want in the first place. The demonisation of crack-cocaine led to lowered rates of consumption: the decriminalisation of marijuana has broadened its social acceptance and even pushed presidents to admit that they’ve used it. —Courtesy: Al Jazeera


Malik threatens

From Page 1 Punjab Secretariat. He said the PPP alliance with the Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid PML-Q was moving positively forward. He claimed the two ruling coalition parties were prepared to field strong candidates for the upcoming general elections.“The PPP and the PML-Q will field suitable candidates to win seats. Good panels will be formed for MNA and MPA elections,” he added. Wattoo said central Punjab would be a battlefield, and claimed that the PPP had always won in a triangular fight. Wattoo accused the Pakistan Muslim League –Nawaz (PML-N) of using different tactics to weaken the democratic system. Speaking about former PPP members who had crossed over to the PML-N, he said defectors could not avert disqualification. He also accused the Punjab government of being involved in pre-poll rigging and lodging fake cases against rivals by using the government machinery. He said that accountability of such people was not far. Speaking about the recent developments in the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline project, he said the government was taking all steps in the larger interest of the country. “If we can benefit from Iranian gas, we should utilize it,” he added.

LK Advani blames Pakistan for Hyderabad blasts From Page 1 not to allow its soil to be used for terror acts against India, Advani said. The neighbouring country cannot wash its hands of the Hyderabad blasts, he said. The death toll in the blasts in Hyderabad now stands at 16 with the number of injured being put at 117.— INP

Deadline for degrees’ verification From Page 1 them from Higher Education Commission (HEC). He further said that most of the lawmakers have only submitted their graduation degree. However, the ECP had also asked for matric and intermediate degrees.He termed the formation of parliamentary committee for holding talks with ECP as good omen.—NNI

From Page 1 after the 2008-2009 military operation in his area, Pakistani officials say. He was suspected to be behind attacks on Pakistan forces in Bajaur and attacks on Pakistani border posts from Afghan soil. The Taliban leadership had removed him as deputy of the group after reports that he was involved in unauthorized talks with the government. Afghanistan says that Pakistan has also refused to hand over the Afghan Taliban prisoners to the country when Afghan authorities asked for their return at a London summit this month. Responding to a ques-

tion about the dialogue offer of the Pakistani Taliban Rehman Malik said that the Taliban will have to demonstrate seriousness for talks. “They first have to surrender their weapons before the negotiations,” he said. Taliban have rejected calls for laying down arms and their spokesman, Ehsanullah Ehsan, said that ceasefire could be on the agenda if the talks are started. Earlier addressing the participants of passing out parade the Interior Minister said Pakistan is passing through a critical phase and facing challenges of extremism and terrorism. He said the

PPP government soon after assuming power decided to enhance the capacity and capability of law enforcement agencies. He said the nation knows that the elements plotting to destabilize Pakistan by conducting terrorism in Karachi‚ Peshawar and Quetta have failed. He said the nation will overcome the terrorism with the help of law enforcing agencies. He said Pakistan lies at the crossroads of Central and South Asia and due to its geo-strategic importance and nuclear status‚ it has become a target of foreign interests that want to harm it.—NNI

Nawaz seeks action against terrorists From Page 1

LAHORE: Girls taking interest in photos during World Press Photo Exhibition in connection with Literary Festival at Alhamra Art Centre.

Pentagon grounds F-35 fighter fleet From Page 1 Marine Corps are buying other versions of the F-35, which is intended to replace older fighters like the Air Force F-16 and the Navy F/A-18. All versions — a total of 51 planes — were grounded Friday pending a more indepth evaluation of the problem discovered at Edwards. None of the planes have been fielded for combat operations; all are undergoing testing. In a brief written statement, the Pentagon said it is too early to know the full impact of the newly discovered

problem.A watchdog group, the Project on Government Oversight, said the grounding is not likely to mean a significant delay in the effort to field the stealthy aircraft. “The F-35 is a huge problem because of its growing, already unaffordable, cost and its gigantically disappointing performance,” the group’s Winslow Wheeler said. “That performance would be unacceptable even if the aircraft met its far-too-modest requirements, but it is not.”The F-35 is the Pentagon’s most expen-

sive weapons program at a total estimated cost of nearly $400 billion. The Pentagon envisions buying more than 2,400 F-35s, but some members of Congress are balking at the price tag.Friday’s suspension of flight operations will remain in effect until an investigation of the problem’s root cause is determined.The Pentagon said the engine in which the problem was discovered is being shipped to a Pratt & Whitney facility in Connecticut for more thorough evaluation.

Battle for Syria’s Aleppo airport intensifies B E I R U T —The battle for Observatory for Human volved ground-to-ground Syria’s second-largest airport intensified on Saturday as government troops tried to reverse recent strategic gains the rebels have made in the northeast in their quest to topple President Bashar Assad. Assad’s troops have been locked in a stalemate with rebels in Aleppo since July when the city, the largest in Syria, became a major battlefield in the 2-yearold conflict the United Nations says has killed at least 70,000 people. Rebels have been trying to capture the international airport for months. Rami Abdul-Rahman, director of the Britainbased activist group Syrian

Three miscreants From Page 1 hand grenade before opening fire on police mobile van at Islamabad –Peshawar Motor way as a result of which one policeman was killed. The police party also returned fire and in turn killed all the three attackers”. Claimed the District Police officer (DPO) Noshehra Mohammad Hussein.

AUCTION NOTICE In the court of Mr. Salim Jan Khan Judge Banking Court 11 KPK Banglow no 1 Afzalabad old Bara Road, University town Peshawar ZTBL Chhota Lahore branch Swabi VS Late Amir Mohammad through heirs Rs/o Gidarkalley P/O Yaqoobi Swabi. 1/1 RoohAfzaWd/o Late Amir Mohammad, ½ Khan Mohammad 1/3 Shad Mohammad ¼ Sultan Ss/o Amir Mohammmad 1/5 Mst. Noor Jehan 1/6 Mst. Gul Taj Begum 1/ 7 Muslim Taj 1/8 Zasrsheda Ds/o Amir Mohammad. Recovery of Decretal amount Rs. 176847 Property under Auction= Land measuring 10 kanal 14 marlas pass book no 63138 Khasra no 2364-2374-1766-1867-1825-1781-2373-2353-2367/ 1 etc Auction shall be held on 9.3.2013 at 9:00 a.m. till after noon. The property shall be sold to highest bidder, provided the auction is confirmed by the court. ¼ th of the highest bid shall be deposited on the spot with the auctioneer and the remaining ¾th shall be deposited with in 15 days of the auction with in the court. Anyone who has any claim, whatsoever must inform the court 5efore the date of auction Seal of the court Judge Banking court 11 Peshawar

AUCTION NOTICE In the court of Mr. Salim Jan Khan Judge Banking Court 11 KPK Banglow no 1 Afzalabad old Bara Road, University town Peshawar HBFC Peshawar VS Siraj Khan s/o Faraz Khan r/o Quaid Abad colony no 2 Mardan Road Charsadda. Recovery of Decretal amount Rs. 503889 Property under Auction= House measuring 241 square yards , Khasra no 1921/923-924-931-928/2/2. Situated at Quaid Abad Mardan Road Charsadda. Auction shall be held on 18.3.2013 at 9:00 a.m. till after noon. The property shall be sold to highest bidder, provided the auction is confirmed by the court. ¼ th of the highest bid shall be deposited on the spot with the auctioneer and the remaining ¾th shall be deposited with in 15 days of the auction with in the court. Anyone who has any claim, whatsoever must inform the court 5efore the date of auction Seal of the court Judge Banking court 11 Peshawar

Rights, said the current fighting was focused on a section of a highway linking airport with Aleppo, the commercial hub of the nation. The rebels have cut off the highway, which the army has been using to transport troops and supplies to a military base within the airport complex. Rebels have made other advances in the battle for the complex in recent weeks, including capturing two army bases along the road to the airport. The rebels also control large swaths of land outside Aleppo and whole neighborhoods inside the city, which is divided between areas controlled by the regime and others held by rebels. On Saturday, the army launched an offensive on opposition strongholds outside Damascus in an effort to dislodge rebels from areas around the capital that they have been trying to storm for weeks. On Friday, regime forces fired three missiles into a rebel-held area in eastern Aleppo, hitting several buildings and killing 29 people, according to the Observatory. The group initially reported 14 casualties in the strike that apparently in-

missiles. Some bodies were recovered from the rubble of damaged buildings. Recent rebel advances in the Damascus suburbs, combined with the bombings and three straight days of mortar attacks earlier this week marked the most sustained challenge to the heart of the capital, the seat of Assad’s power. A suicide car bombing on Thursday near the ruling Baath Party headquarters in the heart of Damascus killed 53 civilians and wounded more than 200, according to state media. Anti-regime activists put the death toll at 61, which would make it the deadliest bombing of the revolt in the capital. The different tolls could not be reconciled. Nobody claimed responsibility for the attack. Car bombs and suicide attacks have been a hallmark of Jabhat al-Nusra, an Islamic militant group fighting among the rebels. Nusra fighters, the most effective group on the battlefield, have led assaults on military installations and control swaths of territory in the north, including parts of Aleppo neighborhoods.—AP

AG From Page 1 most figures of the country and certain responsibilities rested with them under the constitution. They hold the mandate to ensure that all the institutions of the country function within constitutional parameters, he observed.—Online

Nargis Sethi From Page 1 Managing Director NTDC and in his place Javed Azad, Superintendent Engineer be appointed CEO Gujranwala but she refused to accept the recommendation on the plea that Mehboob Alam was junior officer and cannot be posted at such a senior position. Two weeks back, during a meeting of a four-member committee comprising Minister for Defence, Minister for Kashmir Affairs, Secretary Finance and Secretary Water and Power , Mian Manzoor Wattoo pressed for giving flat rate subsidy of Rs40 billion for the tube wells which the finance and water and power secretary strongly opposed. However, the committee approved the flat rate subsidy proposal for tube wells which would be got approved from the new Water and Power Secretary Rai Sikandar. Rai Sikandar is Grade 21 officer who has been given the charge of the ministry and he is junior to Special Secretary Water and Power Himayatullah Khan and Additional Secretary Arshad Mirza.—INP

Conspiracy to postpone polls From Page 1 ness was the worst example of indifference. He said that primarily, law and order was the responsibility of the government. However, the federal as well as the provincial government had failed to discharge their duty on this score. Therefore, the national leadership should step forward for restoration of peace in the country. The JI Ameer said that the country was facing terrorism and lawlessness. He said the Taliban were being blamed for terrorism. The whole nation, he said, wanted to get rid of terrorism at the earliest. The menace of terrorism had also given rise to the problems of price hike, energy crisis, unemployment, etc. The situation called for positive and concrete steps towards peace. He appreciated Maulana Fazlur Rahman’s peace efforts and accepted the invitation to the Islamabad moot. To a question, he said that the JI had recommended the name of Justice (Retd) Nasir Aslam Zahid, as care taker Prime Minister, adding that now it was for the Leader of the Opposition, Ch. Nisar Ali Khan to meet the Prime Minister and ensure the formation of the care taker set up. Speaking on the occasion, Maulana Fazlur Rahman said that the FATA tribes had formed a Grand Jirga for restoration of peace, and the Jirga had expressed the desire to meet national leaders for putting forth their proposals. He said that he was visiting Mansoora to invite the JI leadership at the APC. He said law and order was the biggest issue in the country and the FATA was on fire. The houses of the people were being razed and innocent people were being killed in drone attacks.

Muhammad Nawaz Sharif said that he was deeply saddened over the brutal murder of Dr. Ali Haider and his son, and he shares the grief of the members of the bereaved family. He said the services of Dr. Ali Haider and his family for the country are highly valuable. Nawaz Sharif said Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif is taking personal interest in the case, while the police have been directed to arrest the culprits, without delay. He said doctors are serving the people and attacks on them of such kind are highly condemnable. Chief Minister Punjab Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that culprits, involved in the mercilessly killing of Dr. Ali Haider and his son, will never escape from punishment as they would definitely be brought under the grip of law at all cost. The Chief Minister said this highly tragic incident is a test case for the police, which have been directed to investigate all aspects of the

murder case. Shahbaz Sharif informed that he is personally monitoring the investigation of the case, in order to ensure that the culprits would soon be brought to book. Later, talking to the media about situation in the country, President Pakistan Muslim League-N Muhammad Nawaz Sharif said that there is rule of constitution and law in Punjab, and situation of law and order in Punjab is better than other provinces. He said innocent Muslims were martyred in Quetta and had federal government taken timely action over the tragic incident at Almdar Road, Hazara Town tragic incident would not have happened. He said the culprits involved in terrorist activities must be brought to book. He questioned as to why no early notice of hundreds of killings in Quetta had been taken? Answering a question by a journalist, Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that op-

ponents turn a project of Rs. 30 billion as a project of Rs. 90 billion, but focusing on accusations of opponents is just waste of time. He said Rehman Malik should inform the nation as to what action he has taken over the brutal murder of hundreds of innocent Muslims in Balochistan. He said law and order situation in Punjab is much better as compared to other provinces. He said there is a lawful and constitutional government in Punjab, which is amicably discharging its constitutional responsibilities. He said the culprits involved in tragic murder of Dr. Ali Haider and his son would soon be brought before the court of law to face deterrent legal action. Talking on the occasion, father of late Dr. Ali Haider thanked Muhammad Nawaz Sharif and Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif for their condolence and expressed satisfaction that Punjab government is performing its duty to ensure proper investigation into murder case.

PPP to win elections in all provinces: PM flung village and got education from a government school, was chosen for the highest executive office. He said that it was a great achievement of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto that the common people had got a voice in state affairs by his “one citizen one vote policy”. Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto and President Asif Ali Zardari pursued the same policy which enhanced the self-respect of the common men, he added. Prime Minister Ashraf said the Sanghar District suffered huge losses due to floods and unprecedented rains. The government has left no stone unturned to alleviate the sufferings of affected people and will continue its efforts, he added. He said the district despite having rich resources was under-developed as it was neglected by previous governments and elected representatives of the area. He also announced a grant of Rs 200 million for the district on the request of Member National Assembly Roshan Din Junejo. Earlier Sindh Chief Minister Sindh Syed Qaim Ali Shah, addressing the meeting, said the PPP and President Asif Ali Zardari were fully committed to serve the people and resolve their problems at the earliest. He said the present government had initiated development schemes in every area without any discrimination, which on completion

Q-League alliance helped govt complete tenure GUJRAT—Deputy Prime Minister and Pakistan Muslim League-Q leader Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi has claimed that his party’s joining of the incumbent government helped it complete its five-year term. “We joined the government to save it from blackmailing,” Pervaiz Elahi said while addressing ‘corner meeting’ here on Saturday. He said the constituency of NA-105 is his ancestral seat and that he himself would contest election from there. Elahi said his party would get into a seat-adjustment deal with Pakistan People’s Party in the upcoming elections.—Agencies

From Page 1 would benefit the common people at large. Earlier Prime Minister Ashraf innaugurated three schemes of telecommunication under Universal Service Fund along with development projects of education, health and infrastructure worth more than Rs 71 million. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf has said that PPP and its opponents would appear before the court of public in the coming few weeks in the forthcoming general elections. Addressing a ceremony at Government College Hyderabad‚ the prime minister said the PPP is ready to appear before the court of people to answer about its performance in the last five years. He claimed that the PPP had done more in five years which no other could do in the last sixty five years. He said problems like terrorism and price hike could be dealt with through democracy and strong parliament. He said a dictator changed the constitution which was brought to its original condition by the PPP. He said credit goes to the PPP government which made the country self sufficient in wheat. The Prime Minister conceded that there is employment but said to overcome the situation, there is need for setting many things in order including educational institutions. He said credit goes to the

PPP for giving provincial autonomy and resources to the provinces through the NFC Award. Raja Pervez Ashraf said the whole nation should stand united to confront the challenges of terrorism‚ extremism‚ law and order and the energy crisis.He appealed the students to reject hatred and promote the message of peace and brotherhood for progress and prosperity of the country. Ashraf said it is for the first time that a democratic government is completing its five-year term. It is a big achievement for the people of Pakistan.—INP

Patriots in Turkey send clear warning to Syria: Germany KAHRAMANMARAS, Turkey— sent Patriots, which are capable rebels. Violence has sometimes Germany’s defense minister inspected Patriot missile batteries close to the Syria-Turkey border on Saturday and said they delivered a “clear warning” to Damascus that NATO would not tolerate missiles being fired into Turkey. Thomas de Maiziere and his Dutch counterpart Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert travelled to the Turkish cities of Adana and Kahramanmaras to inspect the batteries provided by their countries at Turkey’s request. German Chancellor Angela Merkel was scheduled to visit the same area on Sunday when she begins a two-day visit to Turkey. The United States has also

Reconciliation policy praised Staff Reporter LAHORE—The University of Health Sciences (UHS) has declared the result of Third Professional BDS annual exami- KAHRAMANMARAS: Germany’s Minister of Defense Thomas de Maiziere (L) and his Turkish counter-part Ismet Yilmaz, nation 2012.A total of 431 can- with the Patriot system in the background, are seen during their visit to NATO German patriot troops at a Turkish military base. didates from 10 affiliated dental colleges appeared in the exam out of which 294 passed and 121 failed. Result of 16 candidates was put on RL list. T EHRAN — Iran’s powerful Revolutionary Guard says it has captured a foreign unmanned 3 trucks with aircraft during a military exerexplosives seized cise in southern Iran. The official IRNA news W ANA —Security forces on agency on Saturday quoted Gen. Saturday foiled a major terror bid by seizing three explosives ger. South Korea’s erratic be- believes in non- proliferation. Hamid Sarkheili as saying that LIAQAT TOOR loaded trucks from Sadgai check havior could herald its final de- Pakistan has also stakes in the Guard’s electronic warfare post of South Waziristan I SLAMABAD —Terming the struction.” Korean region as thousands of unit spotted signals indicating Agency. According to security latest threat of Pyongyang to Strongly criticising the Pakistanis are working in that foreign drones were trying forces, three trucks were carry- South Korea of “final destruc- language used in the speech, South Korea besides $1.5 bil- to enter Iranian airspace. Sarkheili, a spokesman for the ing explosive materials to South tion” as un-diplomatic and vio- the diplomat said it is abso- lion trade volume, he said. Waziristan Agency. The security lation of UN charter, a South lutely against diplomatic Seoul is peace a loving military exercise, says Guard forces stopped them at the check Korean diplomat here said it norms and the threat is viola- country and it believes in ad- experts took control of one post for searching and upon will not only destabilise Ko- tions of UN charter. dressing issues through dia- drone and brought it down near the city of Sirjan where the exsearch, the security personnel rean peninsula but also affect Cho Koo-rae especially logue. recovered explosive material. A Pakistan. welcomed the statement isIt is ready to open dia- ercise is being held.—AP driver was arrested while two In an informal chat with sued by Government of Paki- logue with North Korea. others managed to flee the mediamen on Saturday, Cho stan expressing its regret over However, he said Seoul has scene.—INP Koo-rae, Deputy Head of Mis- the test and described it as zero tolerance towards sion of embassy of Republic of defiance of UN directives. nuclear tests of North Korea Korea here said North Korea Pakistan acted very responsi- as its will threaten not only is facing international isolation bly, he said. Musharraf calls the entire region but also the more than seventy countries Being a UNSC member whole world. meeting in Dubai as of the world have condemned and having diplomatic relaHe said it is high time for Staff Reporter the nuclear test. tions with North Korea, Paki- international community inLAHORE—Former President North Korean envoy Jon stan is in a position to use its cluding Pakistan to pursue and Chief of All Pakistan Mus- Yong Ryong while speaking at good offices in Pyongyang to Pyongyang to abide by interlim League Rtd General the session of UN Conference change its policies. national laws for the sake of Pervez Musharraf has con- on Disarmament in Geneva on He said Pakistan is sup- world peace and to refrain vened an important meeting of Tuesday said, “a newborn portive of nuclear- free Ko- from using undiplomatic lanparty’s Central Executive puppy knows no fear of a ti- rean peninsula and strongly guage against South Korea. Committee in Dubai on 28th February. Sources said the meeting will take a final decision about the return of Pervez Musharraf to Pakistan as well as inviting applications from candidates for contesting elections. The sources indicated IRFAN ALIGI that Pervez Musharraf would announce his decision about QUETTA—The Hazara Demo- fied that his party had never return home on first of March KARACHI—Muttahida Qaumi cratic Party (HDP) has de- made an appeal for deployMovement (MQM) Co-Ordina- manded of the federal govern- ment of armed forces in at a press conference. tion Committee has demanded ment to convene joint session Quetta; rather, it has always of the government to immedi- of the parliament to discuss the demanded a targeted operation ately accept resignations of killings of ethnic Shia Hazaras in the city. “There must be a Firing on ASWJ Ministers and issue a no- in Quetta. quick targeted operation in rally injures seven MQM tification for declaring the leader Quetta,” Hazara said. Addressing a press conferStaff Reporter of the opposition in Sindh pro- ence on Saturday, HDP CenHe said that, despite QUETTA—At least seven per- vincial assembly. tral Chairman Abdul Khaliq carrying funerals every day, The Co-Ordination Com- Hazara said that Prime Minis- the HDP has never given up sons were injured Saturday when gunmen opened fire on a rally of mittee said that the MQM had ter Raja Pervez Ashraf should the democratic path. the Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat already announced to sit on the summon the intelligence agenThe Hazara nationalist (ASWJ) here at Liaquat Baazar, opposition benches in the prov- cies to brief all political forces downtown area of the provincial ince and in centre and in the on what he called “the geno- leader lashed out at religious extremists and said his party capital, police said. Deputy In- Senate and its Ministers had ten- cide of Hazaras in Quetta”. would not allow them to gain spector General Police Opera- dered their resignations. “We have buried more than political ground over the killThe MQM had also submit- 1,200 people during last few tions Fayyaz Sumbal said unknown motorcyclists opened fire ted an application to the Speaker years,” Hazara told reporters. ings of Hazaras in Quetta. He called upon all demoat a crowd in the bazaar, injuring of Sindh Assembly for the al- He claimed that the victims of seven people, including a child. lotment of opposition benches. targeted killings and suicide cratic forces of the country However, the Speaker attacks also included a large and civil society to break their Sumbal said the injured were silence and stop the killings rushed to hospitals for medical had not yet proceeded on such women and children. of innocent Hazaras. treatment. He added that the as- application. The HDP chairman clarisailants had managed to escape from the site of the incident.

Pyongyang threat to South Korea is against UN charter: Diplomat Destabilisation in Korean peninsula to affect Pakistan also

MQM demands of govt to accept Ministers resignations

Polling for LHCBA election held L AHORE —The polling for Lahore High Court Bar Association (LHCBA) annual elections for term 2013-14 concluded here peacefully on Saturday. A large number of lawyers caste their votes to elect the new LHCBA cabinet despite rain.The voting continued from 8am to 5pm, with an interval from 1pm to 2pm for lunch.Four candidates were vying for the slot of the LHCBA president. Abid Saqi is supported by Independent Lawyers’ Group led by Asma Jehangir, People’s Lawyers Forum, Pakistan Muslim League (N) Lawyers Forum, Awami National Party Lawyers Forum and a large number of young lawyers besides many lawyers’ groups and clans. Syed Muhammad Shah is the candidate of Hamid Khan-led Professional Group while Shafqat Mahmood Chohan and Sajjad Husain Bhatti are also vying for the top slot as independent candidates. —APP

Hazaras demand joint session over Quetta killings

UN: Congo again slides on brink, peacekeepers need to combat rebels UNITED NATIONS—Demo- force in serious combat situa- plied, well provisioned, and well cratic Republic of Congo’s resource-rich east is again on the brink of a major conflict, a senior U.N. official warned on Friday as he urged the U.N. Security Council to urgently approve plans for a peace enforcement unit to combat armed rebel groups. Roger Meece, head of the U.N. mission in Congo known as MONUSCO, told the Security Council that the creation of a peace enforcement unit within the peacekeeping force - which would be a new move for the United Nations - was “an urgently needed and important response to the existing situation on the ground.” Peace enforcement missions allow the use of lethal

tions, while peacekeeping operations are intended to support and monitor an already existing ceasefire, diplomats and U.N. officials say. The Congolese government has reached an uneasy truce in eastern Congo with M23 rebels and Uganda is now hosting peace talks, but Meece warned of “increased fears and rumors in the area of an imminent resumption of large-scale military actions.” “The overall situation is volatile and precarious, and could break down at any time into large-scale conflict without much, if any, prior warning,” Meece said. “Our forces and resources are stretched very thin over a broad area.” “The M23 forces maintain an appearance of being well sup-

armed,” said Meece, adding that the rebels continued to recruit “new combatants, including through the use of force and widespread recruitment of minors.”M23 began taking parts of eastern Congo early last year, accusing the government of failing to honor a 2009 peace deal. That deal ended a previous rebellion and led to the rebels’ integration into the army. They have since deserted the army. The U.N. Security Council’s Group of Experts, which monitors compliance with sanctions and an arms embargo on Congo, said in a report last year that Rwanda’s defense minister was commanding the M23 revolt and Rwanda was arming the rebels and sending troops.—Reuters

Iran captures ‘enemy drone’

of shooting down hostile missiles in mid-air. “Our presence here serves to make sure that Syria doesn’t turn its capabilities into action,” de Maiziere said, while also saying that the risk of attack was “minimal”. “We can see from here that Syria is using rockets - often several times a day.” Syria is believed to have more than 1,000 rockets with a range of up to 700 km, and around 1,000 tons of chemical weapons material. Turkey is a staunch supporter of the nearly two-year uprising against President Bashar al-Assad and has harbored both Syrian refugees and

No cut in forces till 2018: Mohammadi

spilled over the border. Tensions increased in recent weeks after NATO said it had detected launches of shortrange ballistic missiles inside Syria, several of which have landed close to the Turkish border. Turkey has scrambled war planes along the frontier, fanning fears the war could spread and further destabilize the region. “The Patriot system is strictly for defense, and placing them on our soil within the NATO framework was to protect our people and our soil against possible attack,” said Turkish Defence Minister Ismet Yilmaz, travelling with his Dutch and German counterparts.—Reuters

Pir Pagara concerned over country’s situation STAFF REPORTER Karachi—Pakistan Muslim

BRUSSELS—Fifty NATO and after 2015 in view of declining League-F chief Pir Sahab Pagara ISAF nations have promised to continue supporting the Afghanistan National Security Forces (ANSF) well beyond the 2014 withdrawal of foreign troops, the Afghan defence minister said. At the end of a two-day meeting of NATO/ISAF defence ministers, Gen. Bismillah Mohammadi told reporters here that his country was grateful to the global fraternity for continued assistance to ANSF, calling the pledge a golden chance. He said the participants had agreed to keep the Afghan forces at their peak strength of 352,000 until 2018 security. The nascent forces were earlier planned to be slashed by a third

defence budgets of NATO states. With three phases of security transition completed successfully, the Afghan National Army (ANA) had emerged as a force to be reckoned with, remarked Mohammadi, who hastened to add the defence secretor continued to face challenges. The absence of a fullfledged air force, limited intelligence resources and casualties from roadside bombings are the areas where Afghanistan needs foreign assistance, according to him. Mohammadi said the meeting discussed the post2014 foreign troop levels in Afghanistan but could not reach a consensus. —NNI

has said that the country was passing through a difficult time and the overall situation in the country was unsatisfactory. He was addressing a press conference at the residence of Sardar Zulfiqar Serki, who joined the PMLF Saturday. The law enforcement agencies and intelligence agencies had complete list along with addresses of the terrorists but the government was not serious on law and order situation in the port city, he said. PML-F Sindh General Secretary Imtiaz Shaikh, Sardar Ghaus Bux Maher, Pirzada Yasir Sain, Karim Bux Maher, Advocate Muhammad Yousuf, Mir Muhammad Khokhar, Kamran Tesori and Pesomal were present on the occasion.

Alzheimer’s caregivers: Patience, sympathy are key


ORE than 5 million Americans cur rently have the degenerative brain condition, there’s no sure way to prevent it and current treatment options don’t work for everyone. Even more millions are tasked with the sometimes difficult and frustrating daily care of those stricken with the memory-robbing disease, often with little experience or training. But as the number of Americans with Alzheimer’s has risen in the past few decades and continues to spiral upward, anecdotal and research evidence has accumulated on ways to make everyday life more bearable for those with the disease and to help those caring for them. It includes expanded knowledge of what works and what doesn’t in areas of medication, living situations, everyday contact and more, and ranges from complex to simple solutions. “There are times that it can be difficult to handle someone with Alzheimer’s, but you have to have patience, and you have to put yourself in their shoes,” said Teresa Dinau, a caregiver for Home Care Assistance, based in Palo Alto, Calif. “It’s important to try to understand what they’re going through.” Dr. Jacobo Mintzer, chairman of the Medical and Scientific Advisory Board for the Alzheimer’s Foundation of America, said that the biggest initial problem for caregivers is often that “they’re trying to preserve the person they knew as long as possible.”

“That’s usually where they get themselves into trouble,” he said. “Because of this desperate need to try to preserve the person, caregivers will put themselves in dangerous situations, like letting the person with Alzheimer’s drive because it has always been important to them.” Not pushing someone with Alzheimer’s to be who they used to be makes some caregivers feel like they’ve given up on their loved one, added Mintzer, who’s also a physician at the Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center in Charleston, S.C. But he said that’s not the case and that there are plenty of safe ways to keep a connection. If someone with Alzheimer’s used to like to swing dance, for instance, and you put on music and swing dance with them, it will often be calming, he said. Or, people with Alzheimer’s usually enjoy looking at photos from the past, according to the Alzheimer’s Association. Mintzer said there are no treatments currently available to alter the course of the disease. However, two types of medications have been approved in the United States to help with memory loss: a group of drugs called cholinesterase inhibitors (brand names include Aricept, Exelon, Razadyne and Cognex) and memantine (brand name Namenda). However, the Alzheimer’s Association reports that these medications don’t work for everyone and, on average, delay worsening of symptoms only by about six to 12 months.

ISLAMABAD: Students participating in the Roots Millennium Olympiad 2013.

Roots Millennium Olympiad concludes with awe aspiring performances STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The Millennium Olympiad 2013 has concluded at I-9/3 Campus with an awe aspiring performance by RDB – Sahara UK. The two-day mega event commenced on Friday 22nd February 2013 with an opening ceremony, presided over by His Excellency Javier M Carbajosa, Ambassador of Spain and Chaudhry Faisal Mushtaq-TI, Chief Executive Roots Millennium Schools. he ceremony included words of encouragement

by His Excellency Javier M Carbajosa as well as Chaudhry Faisal Mushtaq and other Guest of Honors, who emphasized on the need student engagement in extracurricular activities as a means of holistic development of students into educated and intellectually developed individuals and professionals. The ceremony was followed by a myriad of competitions out of which Live Art, Debating, Chess, Ludo, Table Tennis, Law Moot Court, Gaming, Creative writing, Fashion, Dance and Singing proved to be

highly engaging for the participants. Each competition had over 30 contestants, and among the most popular were Fashion, Gaming, Ludo, Creative Writing, Chess and Table Tennis which not only drew crowd of over 60 contestants but also attracted a large number of onlookers. The spirit of competition among the participants gave the event a highly charged atmosphere. The competitions were followed by an evening of entertainment and music for the participants.

ISLAMABAD: Leaves changing their colours to mark spring season in Federal Capital.

WWF nature carnival today ISLAMABAD—A travelling nature carnival will be held here at Fatima Jinnah (F-9) Park under the auspices of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF-Pakistan) on Sunday. The carnival is being arranged for the second consecutive year in collaboration with the Indus Motor Company (IMC) Toyota. More than 100 schools, five colleges and 10 leading universities from the private and public sectors will participate in 3D model making competition describing various environmental themes. The event is aimed at serving as a mega environment awareness campaign through participation of teachers, students, parents, families and individuals from the corporate sector. This year’s themes include ‘Solid Waste Management: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle’, ‘Marine Conservation’, ‘Save Forests... Save Water’, ‘Converting Waste to Energy’, ‘Reducing Water, Energy and Carbon Footprint’, ‘Water & Sanitation’ and ‘Green Economy’. Several other interactive and educational activities have also been planned for the occasion for individuals of all ages. These will include environment-oriented games, puppet shows, musical performances and various other competitions including art and quiz competitions. School students have prepared 3D models for defined environment themes, on which they will give presentations to the judges, guests and visitors at the Carnival. Winning students will be awarded WWF branded shields, trophies and certificates at the awards distribution ceremony. The carnival will start at 9am and continue till 4pm.—APP

Margalla Hills have nearly 460 species of birds: Expert CITY REPORTER ISLAMABAD—An environment expert Safan Shahab Ahmed has said that there are nearly 460 different species of birds in Margalla Hills adjacent to federal capital. In an interview, he said birds play an important role in the beauty of the nature but birds, like Chief Pheasant, Monal, and Alexandrine Parakeet are facing severe threats in the country. He stressed to take steps for preserving the species of these birds. Safan Ahmed

called for planting more fruit bearing trees for nourshing these birds. He said that laws should be implemented strictly to stop the hunting of these birds. Replying to a question about the Pheasant, he said Pheasant and monal are key birds, for whose protection there should be more parks and trees and ban on cutting of trees to preserve their nests. He said that one fourth of the birds come from other regions of the world including Siberia, who like to stay near dams in Pakistan and eat those

plants that have germs. These germs are very harmful for the health of human beings. In this way, he added, these birds play vital role for human being. He said birds also play key role to attract tourists and promote tourism in the country. He urged the citizens, civil society and the government to make joint efforts for the protection of environment. He said campaigns and workshops should be conducted to promote awareness about the protection of birds and environment.

Operation against illegal vehicle bazaar CITY REPORTER RAWALPINDI—Police launched

operation against vehicles weekly bazaar being set up illegally at 6th road Murree road since long despite imposition of ban by the government on this activity. The operation was launched jointly by Sadiq Abad police, New Town and Traffic police under the supervision of CPO Azhar Hamid Khokar. During the operation scores of tampered vehicles put to sale were impounded and locked in the police station New town. The drive was conducted in the wake of persistent public complaints that this weekly bazaar leads to severe traffic jams on Murree road making it hard for the motorists to cross Murree road even in hours. The police asked the owners of the vehicles to leave the site immediately and ISLAMABAD: Police personnel presenting suspect of killer of 11-year-old girl who was most of them took their vehicles gang-raped and burnt to death before court at District Courts. back to homes.

52nd National Day, and 22nd Anniversary of Liberation Day of State of Kuwait

Message of Ambassador His Excellency Nawaf Abdulaziz Alenezi


T the outset, I would like to extend my ex cessive happiness and my pride to address the Muslim people of the friendly Pakistan on the occasion of the National celebrations of the 52nd National Day and 22nd Liberation Day of the State of Kuwait. On the occasions of these two precious occasions, my dear brothers and sisters I avail this opportunity in extending my sincere felicitation and benediction to His Highness the Amir of the State of Kuwait God bless and protect him, and to his Highness the Crown Prince God bless him, and to the Government and the people of Kuwait, praying to

Allah Almighty to bless my country with beneficence of the peace and stability. My Dear brothers and sisters, people of friendly Pakistan: The existing relations between Kuwait and Pakistan are exemplar honourable and model of mutual relations among the countries, based on cemented and sincere historical ground and on common interest and mutual respect and firm cooperation in all fields and grounds. Whereas, the visit of His Highness the Amir of Kuwait during 2006, and the visit of His Excellency the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari to Kuwait for the participation in its national and occasional anniversaries,

and the visit paid recently by his Excellency the Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf to Kuwait, as well as the exchanged and continued visits among the delegations of the two countries on various levels are of more pleasant reflection in order to pushing forward the relations which exist between the two countries affirming the joint wishes of the two sides to enhance these relations for the wider horizon. With congregation of our National Day celebrations we do want to refer to the Pakistani stand in favour of the right of Kuwait and in opposing the occupation of my peaceful country from the claws of Iraqi extinct army regime in sending Pakistan army reflect their contri-

bution and support to join the allied forces for the liberation of the State of Kuwait. The State of Kuwait contributed its assistance in order to address the difficult situation and to reduce their sufferance faced by the Pakistani people from the devastated 2010 summer floods resulting in the destruction of huge Pakistani territories. Whereas, His Highness the Amir of the State of Kuwait God bless and protect him has ordered to extend immediate assistance and to build airlift between Kuwait and Islamabad for the supply of relief goods for the needy people in the devastated areas, and in this regard the private Kuwaiti charitable organiza-

tions played a significant role for the awareness of the people on the State official electronic media in order to participate in the campaign where all the residence Kuwaitis and Foreigners, males and females, younger and older rushed for the motivation of their human being and Islamic sentiments all in their capacities to extend their support to the Pakistani people in the time of their ordeal. We reassure the support of the State of Kuwait to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in its efforts to fight the terrorism and extremism elements, with our best wishes for the stability and peace in all over the lovely Pakistan. The State of Kuwait extends

its keen importance in its foreign policy to the field of Economic; therefore in this regard Kuwait has adopted a practice known as Economic Diplomacy as a base and procession of its relations with most of the countries. The Government has adopted a development plan for the next four years of a total capacity amounting around 115 billion dollars in its investments aiming in developing and improving the level of the services extended to the people and the residents of the State of Kuwait in particular, and moreover to divert the State of Kuwait to a Financial Centre in the region in order to execute the lofty instructions of his Highness the

Amir of the State of Kuwait God bless and protect him. I would like to refer to the strengthen of Kuwaiti-Pakistani relations where Kuwait host over 160 thousand of Pakistani manpower extending their services in different fields actively and constructively for the development of Kuwait and its advancement living in precious way side to side of their Kuwaiti brothers and the residence of other nationals, moreover, since the last year Kuwait has hired the services of tenths of Pakistani doctors to join their duties in different hospitals of the State of Kuwait, while the borrowing process is continued in this regard. Therefore, the State of Kuwait is motivating its aim and its

sincere interest for the growth and the development particularly in the fields of Economic, Trade, and Investment relations with the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, which reflects strength of the relations and aspire of the two friendly countries and their people. At the conclusion I extend my thanks for facilitating me this great opportunity, as well as I renew my thanks to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and its people for their graceful and kind hospitality. God bless Kuwait, Pakistan and their friendly people from any evil. Wa Alsalam-o-Alekum Wa Rahmtullah Wa Brakatho.

Masses urged to donate body organs for saving lives 05:20 01:30 04:30 07:45

February 23 ANNUAL Alumni Reunion of the CB College for Women, Kashmir Road, at the Multi-Purpose Hall, Islamabad Club, 4 pm. February 27 LITERARY Conference in connection with 31st death anniversary Josh Malihabadi, organized by the Josh Literary Foundation, at the Pakistan Academy of Letters, Pitras Bokhari Road, Sector H-8/ 1, Islamabad, 2:30 pm.

APP employees block Faisal Avenue


Saeed Akhtar, Director of Transplant Surgery, Shifa International Hospital (SIH) and Chief Executive Officer, Pakistan Kidney Institute (PKI), has urged the masses to come forward and leave a will to donate body organs after death to save precious lives. He was speaking at a conference organized by PKI in collaboration with Shifa International Hospital (SIH), Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology (AFIC), Human Organs Transplantation Authority (HOTA), Transplantation Society of Pakistan (TSP) and Pakistan Association of Urological Surgeons (PAUS). Besides Dr. Akhtar, Commandant AFIC Rawalpindi Prof.

Maj. Gen. Shahab Naqvi spoke on Islamic perspective of transplantation and heart transplantation in Pakistan, Senior Director HOTA Dr. Badar-us-Saliheen discussed the role of HOTA and the government in transplantation in Pakistan. Liver Transplant Surgeon SIH Dr. Faisal Saud Dar gave his presentation on liver transplant and Multi-organ Transplant Surgeon SIH Dr. Muhammad Shoaib Ikram shared his views on pancreas transplant in Pakistan. Recipients of a kidney from a deceased donor Mrs. Uzma Kamran also shared her experience. The speakers said that besides bone marrow, the organs that can be transplanted now include kidneys, heart, liver, pancreas, intestine, lungs and corneas. The source of organs can

be donation from a living family member. One kidney, one lung or part of liver can be taken from a living donor. However, a deceased donation can give a new life to ten people as a person can donate two kidneys, two lungs, two corneas, one heart, one liver, one pancreas and one intestine, Dr. Akhtar remarked. “Solitary organs like heart and pancreas can only be taken from deceased donor,” he said. In developed countries, more than 50 percent of kidneys, 80 percent of livers and all the hearts are transplanted from deceased donors. Dr. Akhtar said that over the period of time, development in healthcare system has led to real success of organs transplantation, saving lives of hundreds of thousands of people across the globe. —INP

Encroachments around weekly bazaars irks customers STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Due to the slackness of Capital Development Authority (CDA), encroachers continue to carryout their trade on the footpaths outside Abapara and Peshawar Mor weekly bazaars causing inconvenience to the shoppers and motorists. It is observed during a visit to Aabpara and Peshawar Mor weekly bazaars on Sunday that encroachers were selling their goods on the footpaths blocking the passage for pedestrians. Citizens talking to APP said that lack of proper car parking

plazas in these bazaars particularly Aabpara Bazaar was a major problem for them and shoppers move to and fro to find parking slot for their vehicles. A visitor to Aabpara weekly bazaar, Rabia Aslam said that the encroachment on footpaths and outside have reached alarming level but authorities have turned a blind eye towards the situation. “There is an equal weekly bazaar on footpaths outside the specified weekly bazaars in Islamabad,” Rashid Jameel said, and added that encroachments outside the bazaar should be

eliminated to facilitate the visiting shoppers. “Weekly bazaars are of no use to the people because of lack of parking places. We are forced to purchase weekly shopping from open markets on higher prices because most of the costumers do not get parking slot owing to encroachers occupying footpaths,” Tanveer Sial, a shopper at Abpara Market said. When contacted the spokesman of Capital Development Authority (CDA), he said that operations against encroachments are being conducted regularly.

ISLAMABAD—The employees of the Associated Press of Pakistan (APP) on Thursday held a demonstration and sit-in on Faisal Avenue, Zero Point against the severe financial crisis in the organization. The protesting workers were agitating against non-release of approved grants by the Finance Ministry, thus aggravating problems of workers. The workers were displaying placards urging for immediate release of the outstanding and already approved grants by the Finance Ministry for the APP worth Rs 152 millions and Rs 91 millions for payment to newly regularized employees and arrears of increase in salaries. President APP Employees Union Aftab Zahoor addressing the workers said it was painful that the Finance Ministry had not released these two grants and also withheld Rs 300 million announced in July 2012 for the organization by Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf. President, National Press Club, Farooq Faisal Khan, Waqar Satti, President RIUJ, Qurban Satti, President APNEC and Senior Journalist Ikram Bukhari while speaking on the occasion, assured their support to the de- RAWALPINDI: Lawyers casting their votes during election of High Court Bar Association. mands of the APP workers and urged the government to address the financial problems being faced the national news agency. —APP

26/11 case

Body of man found from sector G-13 STAFF REPORTER

Pak judicial panel’s visit to India may be delayed STAFF REPORTER

ISLAMABAD —The Pakistani ISLAMABAD—A body of middle Judicial Commission’s visit to age man was recovered from the area of Golra. In the area of Golra Police station, a dead body of 50 years old man who was clad in shalwar Qameez and height 5 feet 7 inch, colour wheatish and light beard on his face was recovered from sector G-13. Upon receiving information, police reached on the spot and shifted the dead body into Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) hospital for autopsy.

PML-N files call attention notice on AGPR employees problems ISLAMABAD—PML-N has filed calling attention notice in National Assembly (NA) secretariat stressing the government to sort out problems of employees of Auditor General of Pakistan (AGPR). Through this notice the attention of government has been diverted to the matter if the salary related issue of AGPR employees is not addressed then federal government employees and ministers will not be able to receive their salaries from March, 1 onwards. The signatories of this notice include Hanif Abbasi, Muhammad Hanif Awan, Seema Jameeli, Barjis Tahir, Nelson Bhone Das, Zahid Hamid, Justice (Retd) Iftikhar Cheema and Ayyaz Sadiq. —Online

India in connection with the Mumbai attacks case is likely to be delayed as an anti-terrorism court on Saturday sought an assurance that members of the panel will be allowed to cross-examine key Indian witnesses. Prosecutors informed the court conducting the trial of seven suspects charged with involvement in the Mumbai attack that they would provide an undertaking from the Indian government that the panel will have the power of cross-examination. Chief prosecutor Chaudhry

Zulifqar Ali told Judge Chaudhry Habib-ur-Rehman that Pakistani authorities were awaiting India’s formal response on the issue. The Pakistani commission is set to make a second visit to Mumbai to record the statements of four witnesses because the anti-terrorism court rejected a report submitted after its first visit on the ground that the panel was not allowed to conduct any cross-examination. Zulfiqar Ali argued during Saturday’s hearing that the Indian government had stated it would allow the cross-examination of witnesses. He further said a previous agreement that barred cross-ex-

amination would not have any bearing on the judicial commission’s second visit. Khwaja Haris Ahmed, the counsel for Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi, insisted that a “written document” from the Indian government about the cross-examination should be presented in court. Ali said he would submit a “written assurance” from the Indian side at the next hearing. Judge Habib-ur-Rehman, who is conducting the trial behind closed doors at Adiala Jail in Rawalpindi, adjourned the case till March 2 and directed the prosecution to submit the Indian government’s written assurance.

ISLAMABAD: Dr Saeed Akhtar, Director Transplant Surgery speaks during media briefing at Shifa International Hospital on Saturday.

Rawalpindi Police arrest seven outlaws RAWALPINDI—Rawalpindi Police on Saturday arrested seven lawbreakers besides seizing 260 grams charras, 25 bottles of liquor and two pistols 30 bore with five rounds from the arrested accused. According to police spokesman, New Town Police held Afzal for having 145 grams Charras while Air Port police sent behind the bars Hadayat on recovery of 115 grams charras. Westridge police arrested Khurram and recovered 10 bottles of liquor. Nasirabad Police netted Kashif with one 30 bore pistol and two rounds while Basharat was held for having one 30 bore pistol with three rounds. Other accused were arrested for having drugs and illegal weapons.—APP

BISP to help achieve objective of welfare State in Pak: Farzana ISLAMABAD—BISP Chairperson Farzana Raja has said that the BISP will help the democratic government to achieve the objective of a model welfare state in Pakistan. In an interview, Farzana said that many foreign countries and organizations had not only shown confidence in the BISP but also acknowledged it as a model for themselves. She said the Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) had started Waseela-eHaq programme, health insurance, basic education support and vocational training programme for empowering women, providing access to health facilities to the poor

people, imparting technical education to the youth and basic education to the children. Farzana Raja said the BISP was an important initiative for poverty alleviation as it created self-employment opportunities by imparting vocational training to the youth in conflict zones. Replying to question, she said that no state could achieve its economic, educational and other goals unless it launched initiatives for the downtrodden to come out of poverty. Farzana said the BISP had a transparent accountability mechanism, due to which it had got financial assistance from foreign donors like World

Bank, Asian Development Bank (ADB) and countries like the United Kingdom, China, Turkey and Iran. Replying to another question, she said that the BISP had conducted poverty census and survey in the country, which would be helpful in taking initiatives for improving health and education sector in future. Farzana appreciated President Asif Ali Zardari for his guidance and full support for the noble cause. Answering another question, she said the BISP was supporting some 4.7 million families across the country in different forms.—APP

IHC’s 7 Benches to hear over 300 cases next week

Rodents play havoc in magistrate colony

ISLAMABAD—Chief Justice of


Islamabad High Court (IHC), Iqbal Hameed-ur-Rehman has constituted five single and two division benches to hear over 300 cases during next week starting from Monday (Feb 25). Five single benches include, Chief Justice, Justice Riaz Ahmed Khan,Justice Muhammad Anwar Khan Kasi, Justice Noorul Haq N Qureshi and Justice Shaukat Aziz Sidqui. The first division bench (DB) comprises Chief Justice and Justice Shaukat Aziz Sidqui while the second bench include Justice Riaz Ahmed Khan and Justice Noorul Haq N Qureshi.—APP

RAWALPINDI—Lack of campaign against the rodents by the concerned department has put the residents of Magistrate colony at risk of outbreak of fatal epidemic. This colony is located in posh area of Satellite town and is manned by the government employees but it has now turned into safe home for rodents and unsafe home for the inmates. The growing rodents bite incidents have gripped the inmates

in horror. The cat-sized mice continue to go on biting spree unchecked and the children are their easy victims. Every day is their field day, as round the clock hunting by these brutes has become a routine day phenomenon for the hapless families residing in the colony. Four or five rodents bite incidents are reported daily and these mice like hardened criminals launch their deadly offensive in broad daylight. They bite the children even when they are ly-

ing or sitting on the cot in sight of their parents. The heaps of garbage lying in every corner of the colony and in front of every home are the breeding grounds for these deadly mice. The rodents’ threat has grown so aggravated that they lay ambush even in the daytime and whenever they see a single person passing through any street they target him. The residents have demanded immediate campaign for cleansing the colony from menace of rodents.

Workshops at Govt Degree College for Women

RAWALPINDI—City Traffic Police (CTP), on the special instruction of City Traffic Officer (CTO) Syed Ishtiaq Hussain Shah held one-day workshop at Government Degree College for Women, Dhoke Matkial here to spread awareness among the students about traffic rules and road safety. According to CTP Spokesman, Education Wing Incharge Abdur Rehman and other team members delivered lectures in this connection. ISLAMABAD: Interior Minister Rehman Malik awarding trophy to a Police jawan during The instructors addressing passing out parade at Police Line Headquarters. the students said, “We must be aware of driving principles and drive vehicles according to the rule of law. We will be the best driver, only if we follow the traffic discipline”. The students were also informed about the traffic rules and road safety measures, he added.—APP particularly from Bhera Syyedan CITY REPORTER to Hafiz Jhalli, Uthal Chowk to ISLAMABAD—Road accidents mainbazaar Jillani stop in conhave shot up to alarming propor- nivance with corrupt elements of RAWALPINDI—The questioning tion due to illegal construction respective departments. of two witnesses was concluded Owing to these construc- during Saturday’s hearing of the of plazas alongside Kashmir tions, people park their cars and Benazir Bhutto murder case. highway in Baharkahu. RAWALPINDI—Rawalpindi Arts As per building bylaws, vehicles and block Kashmir Justice Chaudhry Habibur Council will observe Dengue construction in any form is con- highway . The long queues of Rehman heard the case at Day on Sunday and hold an sidered illegal within the area of parked vehicles block the traf- Rawalpindi’s Anti-Terrorism awareness walk at 11am. 220 meters alongside highways. fic on main Murree road. Pedes- Court (ATC) today. The people from different National Highway Authority has trians go sandwitched between During the hearing, the lawwalks of life will take part in the erected signboards duly in- the vehicles and they have to yers completed their examination walk to be held from Rawalpindi scribed with instructions against wait for hours to cross the road. of Incharge Rescue 1122 Dr Arts Council to Murree Road. such construction to create In the uncertain situation they Abdul Rehman and Fire Brigade Pamphlets containing informa- awareness among the people. are overtaken by vehicles and officer Ghulam Muhammad Naz. tion about awareness regarding Land mafia is all out to make lose their lives. The court then summoned The citizens have demanded four more witnesses, including dengue fever will also be distrib- mockery of the respective by uted on the occasion. laws and the encroachers have immediate operation against the Dr Mussadaq Khan, who had The weekly holiday of the built plazas, petrol pumps, CNG illegally constructed plazas and conducted Benazir’s postmorISLAMABAD: Shopkeepers are sitting on their demolished kiosks after an operation by staff of Rawalpindi Arts Council stations, marriage halls and res- other illegal constructions tem, along with records for the has also been cancelled.—Online taurants on Kashmir high way alongside Kashmir highway. case’s hearing on Feb 25.—NNI CDA staff against encroachments in front of PIMS Hospital.—PO photo Sultan Bashir

Illegal construction of plazas poses road accidents

RAC to observe Dengue Day today

Benazir murder case: Two witnesses questioned

Mindset murdering Gandhi causes Guru hanging Yasin Malik eyes serious regional commotion OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT

on the overall situation in the region. Malik has clearly said the SRINAGAR—”I have made it mindset that killed Indian leader clear to GOI that the hanging of Gandhi has led to the hanging of Afzal Guru would have serious Muhammad Afzal Guru “When implication in the region. Only Shiv Sena, Bajrang Dal and RSS were demanding Guru to be hanged. I Will Return to Kashmir soon, not Afraid Of Jail’. The chairman of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front, Muhammad Yasin Malik currently on a visit to Pakistan, made these assertions during an interview with a Srinagar based daily news paper said that in 2006 he had apprised the Indian leadership of the repercussions Supreme Court of India anof the court verdict against nounced death sentence for Mohammad Afzal Guru and Mohammad Afzal Guru, Kashmade it clear that the hanging mir witnessed large scale prowould have serious implication tests against the decision which

Parliament has nothing to do with return of Afzal’s body: Tarigami SRINAGAR—Reacting to the Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh’s statement that let the Parliament decide on return of Afzal Guru’s body from Tihar jail to his family, the CPI (M) State Secretary Muhammad Yousuf Tarigami has said the Parliament has nothing to do with such a decision and the government of India must not delay the return of Guru’s body. In a statement issued here, Tarigami said the decision on return of body is purely executive and does not need any debate, discussion or voting in Parliament. “I think it is purely discretion of government of India to consider the demand of return of Guru’s body in order to correct one of its wrongs committed in the whole episode,” the CPI (M) leader added.—NNI

were organized by almost all pro-freedom parties.” “We organised a day-long Dharna at Jantar Mantar New Delhi which was attended by Indian Parliament members and representatives of civil society including the wife and son of Mohammad Afzal Guru. I sent a communiqué to the Prime Minister of India through one of my journalist friends wherein I apprised him of the repercussions of the court verdict and urged him not to push Kashmiris to another bloodbath.” Regarding the Indian PM’s response, Malik said, “The response from the Prime Minister of India, which my journalist friend told me, was positive but at the same time he was apprehensive that there are oppo-

sition parties who have different stand on this issue.” Malik said he met general secretaries of both the communist parties of India, A B Bardhan and Prakash Karat in this regard. “I telephoned Atal Bihari Vajpayee, he was not well at that time and I talked to his adviser Brijesh Mishra on phone and communicated him the same message.” The JKLF chief said he met almost all leading journalists and editors of both print and electronic media in Delhi. He said that all of them supported his view and realized the fact that Guru’s hanging will have far reaching consequences. “I have a question for Indian conscience, the people who believe in democracy and justice, and particularly to the

After Hurriyat (G) shutdown, JKLF strike paralyses Kashmir SRINAGAR— A woman was injured allegedly by a teargas shell during a protest demonstration in south Kashmir’s Kulgam district. Elsewhere in held valley, people took out protest demonstrations at several places to press for return of the body of Muhammad Afzal Guru amid separatist sponsored shutdown and government imposed restrictions. KLF had called for complete shutdown from Friday morning while Hurriyat Conference (G) called for protests after Friday prayers to demand the body of Muhammad Afzal Guru who was hanged in Tihar Jail on February 9. At least three people were injured, including a woman who is stated to be critical, when violent clashes broke out between protesters and government forces in Khudwani area of Kulgam district.

Reports said that as soon as Friday congregational prayers concluded, people in large numbers took to streets and organized protest demonstration in Howura, Mishpora, Redwani and adjoining villages of Khudwani in Kulgam. Amid pro-freedom slogans, the protesters were demanding the mortal remains of the Afzal Guru. The protestors marched forward and clashed with the police and paramilitary CRPF personnel at Khudwani. “Police and CRPF men quelled the protesters by resorting to baton charge, tear gas shelling and aerial firing. The protesters reiterated by pelting stones,” witnesses said. Three people including a lady were injured when hit by tear gas canisters. The lady has been identified as Rafeeqa Bano wife of Abdul Hamid, a resident of Howura Mishpora village.

She was immediately rushed to district hospital Islamabad (Anantnag) where doctors referred her to Srinagar for specialized treatment. “A tear gas shell has hit Rafeeqa on head injuring her grievously,” said a doctor posted at district hospital Islamabad. Two other youth were also shifted to sub-district hospital Kaimoh for treatment. Meanwhile, a strict curfew was clamped in major towns in all four districts of South Kashmir. In Islamabad town, police and CRPF men erected concertina wires at various entry and exits points to thwart any protests. “Police and CRPF men wearing riot gears and armed with sophisticated weapons were deployed in strength in the lanes and by lanes of the town and people were not allowed to venture out of their houses,” locals said.—NNI

Scores of youth, pro-freedom activists detained S RINAGAR – Apprehending trouble, police has reportedly launched fresh crackdown on youth and pro-freedom workers across the valley to “prevent” protest rallies or disruption of peace. Though the police was tight-lipped over the issue, sources said scores of youth and freedom-loving activists were rounded up during raids and detained under “preventive custody.” Reports said some youth and separatist workers were also called to police stations and detained subsequently. Some of the detained persons are alleged to be involved in stone-throwing and disruption of peace during 2008 and 2010. Sources said that most of the youth and separatist workers have been arrested from Srinagar, Baramulla, Pulwama, Budgam and Anantnag districts. Residents of the old Srinagar said that the arrests have created panic and scores of youth have either gone into hiding or shifted to relative’s houses to evade arrest. In Baramulla district of north Kashmir, protest demonstrations erupted after police arrested a youth from Tangmarg area. Reports of arrest of several separatist workers, particularly from Hurriyat (G) are pouring in from several parts of valley. Pertinently, soon after the hanging of Muhammad Afzal Guru, police rounded up scores of youth from across the valley. Director General of Police, Ashok Prasad said that he has no information about the arrests. “I will have to check,” he told Greater Kashmir.—NNI

Prime Minister of India who claims to represent the ideology of Gandhi. Only Shiv Sena, Bajrang Dal and RSS demanded that Guru should be hanged. Was the decision of sending Guru to the gallows taken to satisfy the conscience of these extremists?” Malik asked. “This is the same ideology and same people who killed Gandhi,” he added. “Shall we make an opinion that India as a whole has been virtually taken over by the killers of Gandhi?” he asked, adding that they were the people who have not spared thinkers and writers in India. “They were brute with MF Hussain who died in exile, they did not spare the lawyers community, they attacked senior Supreme Court lawyer Prashant Bushan in his office and beat him ruthlessly,” he said.

Maqbool Butt’s album released SRINAGAR —Roushan Illahi Aka MC Kash, released a sixsong Extended Play (EP) of his debut album “Rebel RepubliK” as a tribute to the prominent Kashmiri leader, Mohammad Maqbool Butt.The EP, which opens with the song ‘Birthright’ followed by ‘Bring Him Home, Freedom Fighter, Heart of a Rebel, My People and Liberation”, was scheduled for release on February 11 but due to the hanging of Mohammad Afzal Guru on February 9, and the curfew that followed it, the EP release got delayed, Illahi said. Roushan Illahi, a 23-yearold management student from Srinagar, who shot to fame during the peak of 2010 summer agitation in Kashmir with the song ‘I protest (remembrance)’, had earlier released his debut album ‘Rebel Republik’ last year. “These are very testing times that Kashmir is passing through, and this the time we have to remember our martyrs, maintain hope and strengthen our collective resolve towards the dream of Kashmir’s liberation,” Illahi said. e has also produced scores of hit singles like ‘Beneath the Sky’, ‘Valley of Saints’, ‘Take it in Blood’, ‘The Bridge of no Return’ and other songs.—NNI

Deadly pepper gas takes heavy toll on infants

MUZAFFARABAD: Secretary Red Crescent Society Azad Kashmir Gulzar Fatima inaugurating Funfair and Food Festival at Islamabad Public School.

Hanging Afzal part of India’s war on Kashmir: university students Name University area as Afzal Guru square S RINAGAR — Kashmir Uni- the last 65 years and continue coward Indian nation is not a versity Students Union (KUSU) vehemently condemns the hanging of Shaheed Mohammad Afzal Guru by the Indian occupational state. KUSU honours and salutes the martyrdom of Shaheed Afzal Guru and the unflinching spirit of Kashmiris. The hanging of Shaheed Afzal Guru is not an isolated event but rather part of India’s war on Kashmir and its people. All institutions of India’s so-called democracy, from its judiciary to military, from polity to media have unleashed a ruthless war on Kashmiris over

to do so.India has proved itself as a terrorist nation on every front- militarily, politically, culturally. And the hanging of Shaheed Mohammad Afzal Guru is its latest act of terror albeit a judicial one; a judicial murder. The hanging of Shaheed Mohammad Afzal Guru and before him Shaheed Maqbool Bhat and the innumerable massacres of Kashmiris exposes the inherently heinous and beastly nature of the fascistHindu Indian nation. However, the hanging of Shaheed Afzal Guru by the

setback for Kashmir but yet another nail in the coffin of Indian occupation. Indian occupational state has even over showed the fascist Nazi Germany in its inhumane and repressive policies which was duly highlighted by the brutal crackdown on pro-freedom leadership, activists and the youth in the aftermath of the hanging of Shaheed Mohammad Afzal Guru.In the In the process of satisfying the amusing “collective conscience of Indian nation”, India has viciously trampled upon Kashmiri dignity and honour. —NNI

SRINAGAR—In a major health concern, Kashmir’s lone children specialty GB Pant on an average daily receives 8 to 12 infants suffering from respiratory disorders caused by use of pepper gas by police and paramilitary forces. Doctors at the Children hospital told Greater Kashmir that they have been receiving infants with respiratory and cardiac problems after use of pepper gas to quell protests which erupted after hanging of Muhammad Afzal Guru. “Initially we thought that it the infants are suffering from normal cough and cold. But the symptoms caused by pepper gas are totally different. In normal cough and cold, there is running nose and fever. But due to pepper gas, a patient has typically irritating (persistent) type of cough. They feel burning sensation but there is no rise in body temperature,” said a group of doctors attending patients at Casualty ward of the Children hospital. “Capsicum element present in pepper gas causes burning sensation of throat, wheezing, dry cough, shortness of breath, gagging, gasping, inability to breathe or speak due to laryngospasm or laryngeal paralysis and rarely cyanosis, apnea, and respiratory arrest,” they explained. —NNI

SRINAGAR: Complete shutdown in IHK to protest against hanging of Afzal Guru.

Panel soon to probe complaints against cops in Held Kashmir JAMMU—Jammu and Kashmir government will set up a State Police Complaints Authority to inquire into misconduct accusations against police personnel in the state. “The government shall within six months of the coming into force of this Act (J&K Police Act), establish a State Police Complaints Authority (SPCA) to examine and inquire into complaints of misconduct against police personnel,” says the draft J&K Police Bill, 2013. J&K Police Bill, 2013, is likely to tabled in the forthcoming Budget session of Assembly starting from February 28. Under the Act, District Police Complaints Authorities

would also be set up under the monitoring of the SPCA. The Authority will inquire into allegations of misconduct against police personnel on complaints received from victims, or any person on his or her behalf on sworn affidavit. SPCA would also probe the complaints received from National Human Rights Commission and State Human Rights Commission, besides District Police Complaints Authorities, the draft Bill states. The authority will deal with the complaints of human rights violations, custodial killings and other grave crimes committed by the police, the draft Bill says. SPCA would be headed by a re-

tired judge of high court who will be chairperson of authority and appointed by the state government in consultation with Chief Justice of High Court of J&K. The authority in matter of conducting inquiries would have all the powers of Civil Court trying a suit under code of Civil Procedure 1977. The authority will have powers of summoning and enforcing the attendance of persons and requiring the discovery and production of any document, receiving evidence on affidavit and any other matter as may be prescribed. It would submit a report annually to the state government which will be tabled in Assembly.—NNI

The difficulty of being a domestic help SRINAGAR—She heads off to male,” Hanifa says. “It is a very govern us, indifferent attitude, work at eight in the morning, makes breakfast for her morning employer, readies her children for school and juggles many other roles. She works 10 hours a day with one hour lunch break. She supports her two children and puts aside whatever money she could to put a roof on her house that she has been building over the past two years. Hanifa (name withheld) is a 50-yearold mother of two children, a grownup boy and a girl. Hanifa’s husband is mentally challenged, so a burden on the family. Hanifa is one among many women who work part time as domestic help to earn a livelihood for her family. Working as a domestic help for the last 25 years, she decries the day when she set out on this path. Oblivious of its trials and tribulations, she never knew that it would be such a thankless job. She is dreaming of the day when her son would take the responsibility of running the family on his shoulders and let her retire peacefully. “It is not easy to make bosses please every time, especially if one happens to be a fe-

tough job and you often get to hear abuse. What is most frustrating is sometimes couples take out their personal frustration on maids, which drives me mad,” she laments. Working with housewives of varying temperaments can be emotionally and physically draining. Some crib about the cleanliness while other are fixated with how their children are cared for. The irony of this kind of work is that there are no set rules. Majority of their employers think that maids have it easy and make a quick buck. They rarely feel the pain that a maid goes through while upholding the small and often crazy whims of their bosses. Domestic work is typified by the non-recognition, low wages, excessive working hours, lack of social benefits and social security, besides unfair termination or employment, harassment and lack of organization. Unlike other employees who enjoy all these benefits, she has nowhere to register her complaint or grievance. “The prime reason for our plight is lack of proper labour laws that

and want of a proper forum that can take up our causes. The laws that are there merely exist on paper,” Hanifa adds. It is not mere work that causes her immense mental agony; her personal life is not smooth either. Every day after returning home she has to attend to her husband to check whether he has taken his daily dose of medicines, which is a considerable drain on her income of Rs 1800 per month. Hanifa grieves over the day when she got married to a mentally unstable person who was unable to support the family. He barely had any idea what matrimony meant or how the emotional needs of a women are cared for. Having come from a poor family, she had no choice but to accept what fate had thrown her way. “I was devastated when I saw him after marriage, but knowing that my family would not take me back if I turn my back on him, I chose to give it a try and make it work,” she says. “I have been carrying on since then and God knows for how long I can continue like this.”—Newswire

MIRPUR: AJK PML-N President Raja Farooq Haider Ghazi meeting with ex-minister Arshad Mehmood Ghazi.

Afzal, the symbol of resistance: Indian duplocracy stands naked A BDUL M AJID Z ARGAR


HE handling of Kashmir problem by India is marked by colonial approach, Military mind-set and political arro gance. All these ingredients were evident in abundance when Afzal Guroo was hanged on 9th February in a most surreptitious way. A major sign of mental bankruptcy is that a Country or a person does the same thing over and over again while each time expecting different results. The political leaderships at the Centre & J&K, in tag-along mode, seem to be mired in such an illusion with respect to their endeavors in Kashmir. Neither did Maqbool Bhat’s hanging in 1984 extinguish the “Settle-Kashmir” sentiment nor is Guroo’s hanging going to achieve the said purpose.

The whole process which culminated in hanging of Afzal Guroo clearly demonstrates how the judicial process was subverted at each stage. The refusal of lawyers to represent him at the trial stage was first such step followed by his Junior Counsel becoming an amicus curie of Court. That in effect was a verdict delivered even before the trial started. At other stage his lawyer lied to the Court that Afzal wants to die by getting a lethal injection instead of hanging. And when he was hanged, Ram Jethmalani, touted as one of the best criminal lawyers of India, tells us that had Afzal sworn by Quran to remain loyal to India, he would have saved his life? The burly lawyer has reduced himself to a clumsy pigmy in the process. And what to speak of judges who promised him a full hearing at the end but wound up the proceedings without giv-

ing him an opportunity of being heard. All of them have ill served their own cause- the delivery of justice and brought shame to their profession. Post hanging, India is suddenly looking very small after its various arms the executive, media & judiciary collaborated in tandem to send Afzal to gallows only to satisfy the collective conscience of its people and what those people fail to see (and that is a contagion which has spread to the auxiliary media establishment now) is that Kashmir is a human tragedy played out through myriad acts ,both overt & covert, the latest being the spurious act of Afzal Guroo’s hanging in a yet –to-be properly investigated Parliament attack case. India is suddenly looking a deep State after its Home Minster communicates the State Chief Minster the impending news of hang-

ing Afzal Guroo in these words “Who jo Bat Ek Mihaney pehley ho gayi thi-Woh kal Amal mein layee Jaye Ghee”. (What we had informed you a month earlier is going to take place tomorrow) And when the same Chief Minster says that was neither informed nor consulted, he looks treacherous . His lie stands nailed when a day before the hanging he put all the resistance leaders in prison to make the event smooth. He knew precisely what is going to happen the next day. And Kashmir is suddenly looking great when one of its sons marches to gallows in a composed & dignified way. If you care to look at the letter written by Afzal minutes before he was hanged you will notice no fear, no horror, no revulsion no remorse but only the name of Allah in heart & lips. He has singularly changed the narrative of this nation from hapless to hopeful

people.We are proud of you Afzal-May Allah accept your martyrdom! India is at the crossroads of a major contradiction in the character of its development - at one end it boasts of democracy & secularism and at the other end there is barbarity, repression and revival of communalism. Political hangings to reap electoral dividends will be now another word added to existing anomalies. It’s hard to muster strength to express thanks while suffering or to feel appreciative while mourning but we as a nation must express our gratitude to those Indians who have stood by us in this hour of national grief . We may not know as to how we can repay the loads of debt to the likes of Arundhati Roys & Gautam Navlakhas but the best of ways will be to carry their message that When Injustice becomes law, resistance becomes a duty. Courtesy:—Kashmir Watch

Serious problems Staff Reporter KARACHI—Unabated export of young goats is resulting in national loss as well as damaging the most important sector of Pakistan’s agro economy. It is going to have very serious repercussions in the long-run and there will be acute shortage of goats in the country, said Pakistan Tanners Association (PTA) Chairman Agha Saiddain. Fresh goat meat being exported from Pakistan is becoming very popular in UAE, Saudi Arabia and other Middle Eastern countries. This is due to its tenderness and odorless nature as compared to sheep meat and the meat of younger animal is more tender and tasty. He suggested to the government to discourage export of smaller goats especially female goats and timely appropriate measures should be taken to address this issue. The skins of these smaller animals are also of no use and carry very little value. The bigger and healthier animal would fetch a high price per goat as well as its byproducts such as skin, casings and other things. The bigger skin can fetch more foreign exchange for the country as our tanning industry is producing one of the best leathers at global level.

Cut fines rate-fixing

Sindh is full of investment opportunities: Khuhru AMANULLAH KHAN KARACHI—Acting governor Sindh and speaker Sindh Assembly Nisar Ahmed Khuhru has said that Sindh has a lot potential in agro-based sectors and it is the need of the hour that local and foreign investors should be invited to invest in these sectors because seventy per cent of the population of Sindh belongs to agriculture sector. This he said while addressing as chief guest in the Livestock, Dairy, Fisheries, Poultry, Agriculture and culture Exhibition (LDFA-2013) at expo center Karachi here on Saturday. On this occasion a cheque Rs. 300 million was

given to Dy. Governor State Bank for Balance Modernization and restructuring scheme for Rice Husking Mills in Sindh. The farmers of the province can borrow soft loans from National Bank of Pakistan, Sindh Bank, Allied Bank Lim-

Picture on Page 14 ited, HBL, UBL and MCB bank. He said that we should try to find out international markets for these agro-based products to earn foreign exchange, we could not find international markets due to low quality products. Our country has been bestowed with the countless resources by the nature, but we

have wasted last 12 years and we could not make the most of the coal reservoirs we have in Sindh. While addressing the occasion chairman Sindh Board of Investment Muhammad Zubair Motiwala said that rural areas of Sindh have immense potential for investments and utilizing these opportunities not only in flux to cities could be stopped but the there could also be generated employment opportunities. He stressed upon using modern technology in agriculture sector and urged private sector to tape the potential of Sindh. He said, having overcome the dearth of

Continued on Page 14

European refinery faces closures L ONDON —Europe’s hard- with US Gulf Coast refiners all margins hit $12.43 a barpressed refining industry faces more closures as its competition in the United States enjoys the double bonus of growing domestic shale oil supply and cheaper electricity bills from shale gas. Traditionally, Europe’s refiners have exported surplus gasoline to the United States and emerging markets and served their home markets with as much diesel as they can produce. But the US shale boom is changing the dynamic, with American refiners now enjoying profitable advantages. The United States is now a net refined product exporter of more than one million barrels per day (bpd),

NEW YORK—The European Commission wants to conclude its investigation into the fixing of lending benchmarks Euribor and Libor this year and has offered several banks under suspicion the possibility of a settlement to reduce hefty fines, sources said. If the banks were to agree to such a settlement, it would allow the EU’s antitrust chief Joaquin Almunia to wrap up his investigation as soon as this year and before his term as antitrust commissioner draws to a close in late 2014. “Almunia wants decisions on the cases by the end of the year,” said one of the sources familiar with the investigation. The offer comes STAFF REPORTER almost 18 months after the Commission raided a number KARACHI—The Software and of banks suspected of Euribor Services (SoS) has announced rate rigging.—Agencies the signing of a new strategic partnership with United Bank (UBL), as part of the PQ shipping activity Limited bank’s move to implement a KARACHI—One ship arrived more effective and improved enterprise risk management sysat the Port to load/ offload chemical, at EVTL on Friday, tem. A press release said that the Port sources said here alliance complements the ongoSaturday. Berth occupancy was maintained at 36% at the ing positive changes being witPort on Saturday where a total nessed across Pakistan’s banking industry, like the introducof five ships namely M.V tion of internet, mobile banking KPS-I Alican Beyand ATMs. UBL will utilize Powership, M.V Michaels, M.V Julian, M.T Akaki, M.T SAS Credit Risk Management for Banking, Market Risk & STX Eastern are currently occupying berths to load/ offload containers, furnace oil, chemical, iron ore. Cargo handling operations were carried out smoothly at the Port where a cargo volume 48154 tonnes comprising 43833 tonnes import, 4321 STAFF REPORTER tonnes export and (253) TUEs was handled. M.V Michaels LAHORE—All Pakistan Paper sailed on Friday afternoon, Merchants Association M.T STX Eastern sailed on (APPMA) has urged the governSaturday morning. M.V MSC ment to allow trade and exAyala, M.V Cape Flores at change of delegations through QICT, and M.T Al Salam-II at Kasur Ganda Singh border as FOTCO arrive on February happening through Wagha Bor23, the sources said.—APP der. Leader of APPMA Businessmen Group Khamis Saeed Butt and Vice President Khawaja Nadeem Saeed Wayeen said that Indian cities Ferozepur and New Delhi are “Practice does not just 9 and 360 km far from the make perfect. Perfect Kasur Ganda Singh border practice makes while Amritsar and New Delhi perfect.” are at the distance of 40 km and 447 km respectively from the — Vince Lombardi Jr Wagha border Lahore.

competing with European refiners for markets in Latin America. “Given the poor state of refinery margins in Europe where the industry is disadvantaged by high feedstock costs relative to the United States and structurally declining fuel demand, we would not be surprised to see further closures,” said Soozhana Choi, an energy analyst at Deutsche Bank. Last year European refineries benefited from better-thanexpected gasoline, gasoil and fuel oil profit margins due to unexpected outages such as Venezuela’s Amuay, closures like the UK’s Coryton and prolonged maintenance. In September 2012 over-

rel with gasoline margins at five-year highs of $22 a barrel and gasoil cracks at a one-year high of $21.50 a barrel. But margins are fading as some of last year’s lost capacity in Europe returns under new ownership and extra capacity comes onstream at Motiva’s Port Arthur, Texas refinery and Total’s Jubail plant in Saudi Arabia. “European refineries will see another wave of pressure as they will be squeezed between the increased US product export capacity and the growing refining capacity East of the Suez,” said Olivier Jakob, an oil analyst at Petromatrix.

UBL signs partnership with SAS

APPMA wants trade through Kasur Ganda Singh border

Operational Risk to establish a high performance risk framework that can help to adapt best banking friendly practices, it added. The partnership also improves banking operation to enhance ratings, reduce finance costs and create a faster way to generate feedback from loan applications. UBL bank is planning to equip with SAS’ cutting edge analytics, sophisticated data management and reporting capabilities that have been deemed essential for daily banking operations. The release said despite from maintaining a compliance with BASEL II regulations,

UBL has strived for key ways to achieve business benefits within a comprehensive risk management strategy. Use of SAS can enhance UBL’s application scoring, customer behaviour analytics while also effectively managing data for better decision making. Through the partnership, UBL will be able to use SAS Credit Risk Management for Banking, Market Risk & Operational Risk to develop custom scorecards and credit risk models rapidly; investigate existing portfolio and analyze new applicants; accurately model capital requirements; optimize UBL’s

Continued on Page 14

PSM CEO thanks FM, NBP president for cooperation STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Chief Executive Officer Pakistan Steel Mills Major General Mohammad Javed (retd) HI-M thanked newly appointed Federal Finance Minister Salim Mandviwalla and President National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) Asif Brohi for their commitment, contribution and cooperation with the country’s largest steel producing unit. CEO praised that NBP always played a positive role in provision of funds to PSM. He added that prosperity of Pakistan Steel being national asset is basically our country’s prosperity for which the mutual understanding and cooperation between state owned organizations is commendable.

On the directive of ECC Rs. 3 billion facility for PSM through NBP in a calendar year is being awarded as from 2009. On the end of last calendar year December 31, 2012 the facility ended and as per procedure and PS processing it for renewal for one year again. PSM cleared all the reservations of NBP and assured a better and profitable future plan to NBP. In this regard a special meeting with Finance Minister Saleem Mandviwalla, President NBPAsif Brohi and CEO Pakistan Steel Major General Mohammad Javed (retd) HI-M was held on February 21, where NBP has agreed to restore the facility of Rs. 3 billion LC credit facility to PS. PS management specially thanked Finance

Continued on Page 14

Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf unveiling the plaque to inaugurate the Universal Services Fund project in Sindh.

Oil tanker contractors exempted from paying tax STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The Federal

FBR for broadening of tax base STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Federal Board of Revenue has suggested the government to impose tax on agricultural and real estate sectors and wealth tax in order to broaden the tax base of the country, as Pakistan’s tax-to-GDP ratio is lower than other Asian countries. Pakistan has lower tax-to-GDP ratio compared to other Asian countries. Sri Lanka’s tax-to-GDP ratio is 13 per cent, India 16 per cent, Indonesia 15 per cent, Malaysia 14 per cent, Thailand 17 per cent and South Korea’s 16 per cent. This weakness has put Pakistan in deep quagmire of debt trap. This trap by nature is intriguing, cyclical and suffocative. The trade starting with a stagnant tax to GDP ratio, entails cut in public development expenditure, hampered growth momentum, squeezed tax

Board of Revenue (FBR) has exempted oil tanker contractors from payment of 3.5 percent income tax under clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 153 retrospectively from July 1, 2008, according to a notification. This is subject to the condition that the contractors pay tax at 2.5 percent on amount earned from rendering or providing of carriage services w.e.f. tax year 2012. The FBR has amended the Second Schedule of the Income Tax Ordinance 2001 through an SRO 126(I)/2013. According to the notification, a new clause (43D) has been inserted in Part-IV of First Schedule of the Income Tax Ordinance 2001, as provisions of clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 153 shall not apply in case of an oil tanker contractor with effect from July 1, 2008, provided that such contractor pays tax at 2.5 percent on the amount earned STAFF REPORTER from rendering or providing carriage services w.e.f. tax KARACHI—Pakistan’s onion year 2012. export has reached 170,000 metric tones (MT) mark and is anticipated to reach 200,000 MT mark by the end of March 2013. The national exchequer will fetch around $50 million as currently Pakistani onion is fetching $250 per MT in the internaSTAFF REPORTER tional market. Every year onion export seaKARACHI—The Karachi Cot- son kicks off from November ton Exchange (KCE) increased and it continues for next 5 its spot price by Rs50 per maund months. Previous year spelled (37.324 kilogram) to Rs6,400 gloomy prospects for growers per maund after the and farmers alike mainly owing commodity’s price managed to to devastation of onion crop in maintain the price ceiling at Sindh by the heavy wide spread Rs6,600 per maund in the open rain in Sindh ruining huge crops markets, a dealer said. spread over large areas of the “The KCE increased cotton province. spot rate after the local markets Waheed Ahmad Chairman sustained the commodity’s price ceiling to Rs6,600 per maund in recent times,” a broker at KCE said. “Increased demand for STAFF REPORT high-quality cotton to deliver better quality cotton yarn to Chinese textile makers will risk KARACHI—General Tyre and the commodity’s price this Rubber (GTR) has invested Rs 500 million in motorcycle tyre year.” Meanwhile, the KCE main- production and plant enhancetained its cotton spot price at ment, which will also create job Rs6,350 per maund for the last opportunities in the period of three consecutive working days. economic slowdown. Chief Executive GTR Shahid Mian Chano traded 200 bales at Rs6,600 per maund, Hussain announced this investwhile Khairpur witnessed the ment on the launching ceremony highest trade of 2,000 bales at of motorcycle tyres on Friday. He said recently GTR Rs6,450 per maund, KCE relaunched Compressed Natural ported.

potential, forced public borrowing, unemployment, poverty, burgeoning inflation, suppressed aggregate demand and supply. According to Annual Report 2011-2012 of Directorate General of Internal Audit (Inland Revenue), Federal Board of Revenue, Pakistan has narrow base of taxpayers vis-à-vis total population, as in total population of 170 million only 2.7 million are registered as taxpayers. The source of revenue collection is mostly salaried class and huge tax gap exits in actual revenue collection and revenue receipts. In Pakistan, we have still been able to collect tax from business class and on services from only 0.9 million taxpayers. The report further stated that there is dire need to bring informal economy into the tax net in order to broaden the tax base of the country, as informal economy constitutes more

than half of an economy. It includes all black money underground economy, smuggling, drug business etc. thus depressing over the tax to GDP ratio. There are certain hurdles in broadening tax base like distrust of people in use of tax money, negative attitude of tax collectors etc. The report stated that political will would be required to implement the policy in broadening of tax base of the country. The report suggested tax on agricultural income in order to broaden the tax base, as this sector contributes 20 per cent to overall GDP whereas its share in tax is only 1.2 percent. The report also suggested bringing real estate into the tax base. Similarly, there should be cooperation of different government and private agencies in collecting information regarding non-taxpayers e.g. NADRA and banks.

Onion export reaches 170,000MT

Cotton spot rate increased to Rs6,400

All Pakistan Fruit and Vegetable Exporters and Importers Association informed previous year domestic requirements were fulfilled through imports from India, Iran and Afghanistan as a consequence price of imported onion remained very high posing financial hardship to consumers of the vegetable. However this year the situation remained normal as the bumper Sindh crop helped boost country’s export to UAE, Middle East, Bahrain, Muscat, Kuwait, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore and Mauritius. The bumper crop of the onion is 1.1 million MT has brought financial relief to the growers and farmers, which have already suffered massive losses during previous year. He said India was major

exporter of onion for majority of the countries of the region as it caters to their requirement round the year while export of Pakistani commodity was limited for a period of 3 to 4 months. One of the major reasons of high yield of Indian onion is huge incentives and storing facilities to the growers and farmers resulting in high export of the commodity without any interruption. Pakistani onion is facing major challenge from Indian ones as quality wise it has no competition. Unless we do not improve variety of our yield by pursuing research and development goals, which would vastly help improve existing variety, Indian yield would remain dominant in global markets.

GTR invests Rs 500ml in tyre production Gas rickshaw tyres which have become popular with the drivers. We are sure our first class quality 6 ply motorcycle tyres will meet the expectations of the motorcycle users. We have phased this project in two parts. The first phase will help us get into the big motorcycle replacement market and in the next phase we will approach selected top assembly plants to be one of their reliable suppliers, he added. GTR has two versions of the tyres, one is the standard version

and the other is the exotic version. ‘This exotic version is solely aimed at the youngsters who will go for its stylish tread patterns and quality. We have ensured grip, style and fuel economy is built into each tyre as our survey revealed that grip was the most important factor motorcyclists’ care about. Our tyres have low rolling resistance which means more kilometers per litre, provided of course other parameters have been taken care of, he added.

by another ten branches in the remainder of 2013. BoP is earnestly looking forward to serve the growing demand of its existing as well as prospective customers who have a preference for Islamic banking. In doing so, its IBD will adopt the best business practices and make itself a robust business unit with a premium on abiding compliance of Shariah guidelines. The bank is confident it will catch up with its peers in

the not too distant future and become the bank of choice for Shariah conscious customers. Equally significantly, with BoPs outreach in rural areas coupled with its Agri set up, the bank’s IBD is also well placed to play a pioneering role in Shariah compliant financing for the underserved Agricultural sector— an objective being long pursued by the State Bank of Pakistan.

BoP to launch Islamic Banking STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —The Bank of Punjab is set to achieve another milestone when it launches Islamic banking in its operations. Apart from shoring up tangible support for the bank in the last four years, the Chief Minister also engendered an environment in the bank that ensured zero tolerance for corruption and eliminated government interference

in the bank’s affairs. The Chief Minister Punjab has thus been principally responsible for restoring bank’s trust and goodwill amongst its customers. In such an environment, backed by prudent financial management through a team of committed professionals the bank has grown from strength to strength during this time leading to , Growth in deposits from Rs.164billion to Rs.266 billion, Growth in branch network to

306 branches across Pakistan, Handling home remittances of Rs.176 billion (USD2billion), Lead arrangement for wheat procurement worth Rs.248 billion, New relationships numbering 545,598 in this period, Largest portfolio of Vehicle financing, now in excess of 20,000 vehicles and Apart from allround growth in numbers, the bank has also invested in quality in its human resource in terms of both hiring and train-

ing. Also, branches have undergone major refurbishment, with renovations of older facilities and introduction of modern, new branches — all with a view to enhancing the end-to-end experience of its customers with the bank. Today, BoP, as an institution, is large in size, modern in outlook, vibrant in character, prudent internally and customercentric externally, but most importantly, remains rooted in the

core values of integrity beyond reproach and professionalism without compromise. Having successfully accomplished the turnaround in the bank after four years of unrelenting commitment to achieve it, the bank is now poised to take further new initiatives. One such significant initiative is adding a new business stream by entering the Islamic banking sector. In response to its request, the State Bank of Pakistan has

granted approval to adopt the institutional model of providing Islamic banking products and services through standalone Islamic branches. This business is to be managed by a separate Islamic Banking Division (IBD) in BoP. State Bank of Pakistan has already granted approval for conversion of five branches into Islamic branches by June 30, 2013 and the Bank intends to expand its network of Islamic branches

Wapda asked to promote Firstwebe-commerce portal launched hydel, coal power generation













MULTAN—Wapda should have













to stop import of luxuries and accepting the foreign dictations, and it should promote hydle and coal-fired power generation schemes to generate electricity at the rate of Re one to 6 per unit and alleviating the miseries of the Pakistani nation, said Khurshid Ahmed Khan, Secretary General of Pakistan Wapda Hydro Electric Central Labour Union (PWHECLU) while addressing the workers. He said that they would not let the rulers to privatise the Wapda










Omani Riyal



Saudi Arabia



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FAISALABAD—Australian Sec51857.00 934.28

Gold Tezabi (24-Ct) Gold 22 Ct SilverTezabi Silver Thobi

53,850.00 48,600.00 970.00 895.00

Role of women in economic activities STAFF REPORTER FAISALABAD —The solutions to all challenges confronting the country lie in quality education that must be ensured at the educational institutes to cater the demand of 21st century, said GC University Faisalabad Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Zakir Hussain. He made a visit to the Emerging Science Block and Office of the Controller of Examination and met the students and faculty members. The students are the future builders of the country, he said, adding that they need to adopt qualities including hard working, research work, and character building to prove their mettle in their field. He stressed the need to enhance role of the women in economic and social activities of the country by equipping them with the modern education to face up to the various challenges. He urged the students to make all out efforts to prove themselves that will pave a way for the development of the country in the form of trained and skilled manpower. The world is changing in the current era therefore it is the need of the hour to gear up efforts to compete other countries.

FBR union hails Mandviwala’s appointment STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —The Federal Revenue Alliance Employees Union of the FBR has welcomed the appointment of Saleem Mandviwala as new finance minister and said that he has in depth awareness of the financial constraints faced by Pakistan and understands the issues of the country’s working class. FBR Union Central President Mian Abdul Qayyum, in a statement congratulated Mandviwalla on his new portfolio. He said that Mandviwalla brings a rich background of experience with him, having served as chairman of the Board of Investment (BOI) and the minister of state for finance. He said that the FBR Union has great hopes from the new finance minister because of his excellent performance as chairman of the BOI.

distribution of 12.50 percent shares among the workers and payment of outstanding dues. The meeting was also addressed by Ch. Ghulam Rasul Gujjar, Malik Saeed Ahmed, Ghulam Dastgir Maitla, Ch. Muhammad Khalid, Sajjad Baloch, Hamayun Gujjar, Sheikh Imran, Mehboob Alam Naqvi, Shakil Baloch, Ikram Alvi, Mukhtar Bukhari, Khushi Muhammad, Izhar Ahmed Khan, Intizar Mehdi Shah, Fayyaz Ahmed Khan Mehmood Bhatti, Malik Ghulam Asghar, Saleem Gilani, Sheikh Jahangir, and Mushtaq Jatt.

Australia, UAF agree to push quality citrus STAFF CORRESPONDENT

Gold Tezab Silver Tezabi

and leaving 170 million consumers at the mercy of capitalists. He said that developing countries like Pakistan cannot afford the oil-fired thermal power generation system. He said that PWHECLU was endeavouring for safeguarding the rights/interests of 160,000 Wapda employees since long but Wapda Paigham Union entered through backdoor inspite of meeting crushing defeat in four referendums. Now it was employing delaying tactics to stay in power. He reiterated his demand for upgradation of pay scales, providing jobs to the children of the employees,

tor Linkages Programme, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council and other agricultural institutions have agreed to promote the diseasefree Citrus plants developed under container based system as per pattern of the modern world. Although Pakistan is the 13th world biggest producer of citrus but high demand of seedless citrus across the globe is hampering to get full advantage from it, stated Agri Scientists. In a meeting, which was

presided over by Prof. Dr. Iqrar Ahmad Khan, Vice Chancellor, University of Agriculture, PARC Chairman Dr Iftikhar Ahmad, Australian Ext Development Officer Steven Falivene and ASLP Project Director Tahir Khurshid stressed the need to produce the plants which will give fruit in the minimised time on the fast track. Prof. Dr. Iqrar Ahmad Khan said that citrus greening disease is playing havoc with the production of the said fruit. He said that it was the need of the hour to avert the impact of citrus greening otherwise the country will be left with no citrus plant

after some decades. Dr. Iftikhar Ahmad called for increasing the steps by giving awareness to the farmers about the promotion of seedless citrus production. He suggested reworking citrus plants to make it more compatible to the demand of the international market. Steven Falivene said that the demonstration is the best tool to convince the farming community to move their plants towards the seedless plants. He formed a committee to enhance the efforts for giving information to the farming community with the help of extension workers at the farmers’ community schools.

LCCI opposes SRO 98(I) STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) has urged the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) to withdraw SRO 98(I) 2013 as it would affect the businesses adversely. LCCI President Farooq Iftikhar has said that the SRO 98(I) 2013 would not only increase the financial cost of the businesses but it would also be hitting their cash flows hard. The SRO 98(I) 2013 says that all companies as defined in Income Tax Ordinance 2001 as are registered for sales tax, FED or Income Tax, shall be subjected to Withholding Tax at one-fifth (l/5th) of the applicable rate of sales tax on all purchases. Furthermore, persons registered as exporters are also now to be subjected to withholding tax of one-fifth (l/5th) of the applicable rate of sales tax on

all purchases from registered persons. The LCCI chief said the said SRO would also come in the way of documentation of the economy because either the manufacturers or importers would start making supplies to unregistered persons or to such registered persons who are not withholding agents. On the other hand, he said, the withholding agents would also be facing great difficulties in getting raw material from registered persons. And theses withholding agents would, therefore, change their status from companies to AOPs or to Sole Proprietorship. He said the SRO would be a blow to the economic activities that were facing an inertialike situation because of unavailability of gas, electricity and law and order situation in parts of the country.

“We need business-friendly policies to boost our businesses but it is unfortunate the authorities on the helm of affairs are creating more irritants to retard the economy.” He said those changes would not add revenue to the government exchequer rather they would create hardship for smooth running of businesses that were already suffering from liquidity crunch. He said FBR should concentrate on expansion of tax base by bringing the undocumented sectors into the tax net rather than squeezing the sectors which were already documented. He said it was very unfortunate that the SRO was issued without any prior notice or consultation with business community. The role of the FBR should not be only to collect taxes but to ensure enabling business environment in the country.

ISLAMABAD—Pakistan Gems and Jewellery Development Company (PGJDC) has launched first e-commerce web portal at its head office. Development of the e-commerce portal is in continuation of various effective marketing and branding initiatives, which the company has taken to facilitate the gems and jewellery industry of the country. According to official sources, the charter of Pakistan Gems and Jewellery Development Company is to enhance the value chain productivity of gems and jewellery industry from mine to market. KARACHI: Sindh Acting Governor Nisar Ahmad Khuhru visiting the stalls during LDFA “PGJDC aims at increasing Exhibition at Expo Centre. (Story on Page 13) export through facilitation, technology upgradation, skill development and marketing initiatives”.

Wireless show expected to draw crowds to Barcelona BARCELONA—When the top executives of the world’s wireless industry gather this week in Barcelona for their annual trade show, cellphones will take a back seat to talk of cars, electric meters and insulin monitors. That idea of empowering new devices with wireless connections has been percolating for years. General Motors cars have had wireless OnStar connections for more than a decade. But the push is intensifying now that most people have cellphones -and the wireless industry’s future growth depends on it. That means the GSM Mobile World Congress, the telecommunications industry’s largest annual trade show, will be abuzz with discussion of devices like “smart” meters that report a home’s usage of electricity, natural gas or water back to the utility, and to your phone. “You’ll see more things that are ‘today’ things versus ‘tomorrow’ things at the show,” said Glenn Lurie, AT&T’s president of “emerging devices.” AT&T’s CEO Randall Stephenson will speak at the show, which runs Monday through Thursday. He’ll be rubbing shoulders with the CEOs of Deutsche Telekom AG, parent of T-Mobile USA” Nokia Corp and Vodafone Group PLC, the British company that owns 45 percent of Verizon Wireless. Another big theme at the show will be Near-Field Communications, or NFC. Cellphones are great at communicating with distant people and websites, but not at connecting to things in their immediate surroundings.—Agencies

Netherlands for enhanced Eurozone to From Page 13 economic coop with Pak shrink again mix of customers in its portfoUBL

lio and maintain a complete audit trail. The SAS spokesperson said our partnership with UBL reflects our drive to solve customer business problems and our commitment to a successful business future. UBL requires a world-class solution that is scalable to their expansion. SAS has been proven a solution expertise in more than 3,100 financial institutions around the worldwide and having such reputation of working closely with customers, creating requirements’ understanding and providing a highly effective customized solutions. The BASEL II framework is a tool to create an international standard for banking regulators to control how much capital banks need to put aside to safeguard against the types of financial and operational risks. Aiming to maintain a continuous compliance with BASEL II standards, UBL will also integrate SAS for Enterprise Risk Management into its risk management procedures, which was previously separated from the bank’s main business operations.


LAHORE—Netherlands is focusing on economic cooperation with Pakistan aimed at achieving an equal partnership. This was stated by Robert Dresen, Head of Economic Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, at a consultative workshop on opportunities for Dutch Companies for doing business in the water supply and sanitation sector of Pakistan. Saaf Consult BV and Cleaner Production Institute (CPI) conducted the workshop which was moderated by Ele Jan Saaf, CEO of Saaf Consult, and Azhar Uddin Khan, CEO of CPI. Robert Dresen shared that the Netherlands is amongst the top 20 economies of the world in terms of GDP, which makes it four times the size of Pakistan with a population roughly the size of Karachi. Netherlands has had bilateral ties with Pakistan for over 50 years with current bilateral trade at approximately $800 million annually. Azher Uddin Khan spoke at length on the opportunities in the water and sanitation sector for both countries.

He said that for Pakistan, safe, clean water to avoid water related disease burden is essential. This is a country where every child goes through 4 episodes of diarrhoea in the first year of life. The Netherlands government helped finance a combined effluent treatment plant at Korangi which reduced the water usage of certain leather tanneries to half. Saaf and Khan went on to a role play where they played out the various concerns of the Pakistani businessmen and Dutch companies ranging from financing modalities, pricing and the perceptions of insecurity and cultural differences. There was consensus among participants that companies from the Netherlands should try to secure their share of the Pakistani market and for this they need to increase their market outreach. The experts of various sectors concerned stressed the need to work on Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETPs) in Punjab, which is a neglected area in the province. They recommended that the CETP is a potential area for both Dutch and Pakistani businessmen to work in.

in 2013

D UBAI —The euro-area economy will shrink in back-toback years for the first time, driving unemployment higher as governments, consumers and companies curb spending, the European Commission said. Gross domestic product in the 17-nation region will fall 0.3 per cent this year, compared with a November prediction of 0.1 per cent growth, the Brussels-based commission forecast on Friday. Unemployment will climb to 12.2 per cent, up from the previous estimate of 11.8 per cent and 11.4 per cent last year. Economic and Monetary Affairs Commissioner Olli Rehn said authorities must press on with reforms to end the region’s debt crisis and help the recovery. While “hard data” has been disappointing, there also has been more encouraging “soft data” that points to better times, he told reporters on Friday. A strengthening of the euro economy later this year may be led by Germany, where investor confidence rose in February to a 10-month high.—Agencies


MULTAN—Government should make policy parameters clear and there should be no ambiguity in the interpretation of laws to ensure benefit to the taxpayers in the larger interest of the business community and government initiatives to overcome energy crisis lauded: Commenting on the granting of one year extension in Upfront Tariff to the Wind Projects located in the province of Sindh for a further period of one year, Multan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MCCI) President Muhmmad Khan Saddozai lauded the decision and earnest efforts of the government to overcome acute energy crises prevailing in the country. He lauded the FBR decision whereby it declared that the

present system of selection of computerised balloting will be changed in the wake of Lahore High Court ruling. He stressed that the LHC ruling should be implemented on urgent basis. He welcomed the decision to involve members from the chambers of commerce and industries concerned in the balloting process. The tax payers, particularly that of South Punjab are not against paying tax but the method adopted by the Federal Board of Revenue (FDR) is totally illogical. The FBR should initiate the process of audit afresh in the light of the guidelines and comply with the mandate given under the Income Tax Ordinance 2001, Sales Tax Act 1990 and the Federal Excise Act 2005 and the officials of FBR should not wrongly interpret the laws to their own liking and choice, he added.

He appealed to the government for speed up construction of hydal power project at Nandipur and extend support to different initiatives of the chamber to explore possibilities of producing electricity to meet the pressing energy demands of Multan. Talking to commerce reporters, he also maintained that renewable energy options like wind, solar, municipal waste, etc. should be initiated in South Punjab as per national energy policy with the help of multilateral agencies, like World Bank and Asian Development Bank. The MCCI president also appealed to the Board of Investment (BoI) for suitable matchmaking with international investors to attract Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) with the collaboration of the MCCI to produce electricity in Multan.

Seminar on Swedish Greentech Solutions for Pak energy crisis tomorrow SALIM AHMED LAHORE—The Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) in collaboration with Punjab Board of Investment and Trade (PBIT) and Chamber Trade Sweden (CTS) and Swedish Embassy in Pakistan is holding a seminar on “Swedish Greentech Solutions for Pakistan’s Energy Crisis and Environmental Challenges” at the LCCI premises on Monday, February 25, at 11 am. The initiative is taken to

help government overcome energy and environmental challenges through innovative techniques available in the modern world. LCCI President Farooq Iftikhar, CEO Punjab Board of Investment and Trade Javed Akbar Bhatti, Swedish Ambassador to Pakistan Lars-Hjlmar Wide, CEO Chamber Trade Sweden Ms Charlotte Kalin, Swedish Environment expert Jonas Rottorp, Provincial Secretary Energy Jehanzeb Khan and Yawar Mian from Capital Business Sweden would be

SPI inflation increases S TAFF R EPORTER ISLAMABAD —The Sensitive Price Indicator (SPI) for the week ended on February 21, for the lowest income group up to Rs.8,000, registered increase of 0.12 per cent as compared to the previous week. The SPI for the week under review in the above mentioned group was recorded at 185.70 points against 185.48 points registered in the previous week, according to provisional figures of PBS. The weekly SPI has been computed with base 2007-2008=100, covering 17 urban centers and 53 essential items for all income groups and combined. The SPI for the combined group also increased by 0.15 per cent as it went up from 190.73 points in the previous week to 191.01 points in the week under review. As compared to the corresponding week of last year, the SPI for the combined group in the week under review witnessed increase of 6.97 percent. As compared to the last week, the SPI for the income groups from Rs.800112,000, 12,001-18,000 and

18001-35,000 increased by 0.13 percent, 0.14 percent and 0.15 respectively while the SPI for the income group above Rs.35,000 increased by 0.16 percent. During the week under review, average prices of 11 items registered decrease, while that of 14 items increase with the remaining 28 items’ prices unchanged. The items which registered decrease in their prices during the week under review included lPG, gram pulse (washed), gur, mash pulse (washed), chicken live (farm), sugar, masoor pulse (washed), vegetable ghee (loose), moong pulse (washed), wheat flour and wheat. The weekly SPI has been computed with base 2007-2008=100, covering 17 urban centers and 53 essential items for all income groups and combined. The items which recorded increase in their average prices included onion, bananas, egg hen (farm), tomatoes, potatoes, shirting, mustard oil, cooked beef plate, garlic, mutton, georgette, washing soap, rice basmati (broken) and red chillies powder (loose).

among the speakers. The areas to be covered in the seminar are: small and largescale on and off grid solar energy solutions for power generation, small scale wind energy solutions for power generation, waste management and converting waste to energy, waste water treatment, water purification, cleaner production solutions for industries (including steel, pharmaceutical, oil & gas industries), manufacturing process waste reduction for pharmaceutical and oil industry and sustainable housing.

Sindh is full From Page 13 water, improving infrastructure, creating awareness we could enhance our growth rate in livestock, dairy, fisheries, agriculture and other agrobased sectors. He said Government offers huge opportunities to investors to attract them in these sectors and SBI provides financial and technical assistance as well. Zubair Motiwala, expected that the current exhibition and seminar LDFA-2013 would generate at least one billion rupees of business contracts. On this occasion Minister of Livestock Agha Taimoor said that it was a matter of pleasure that Sindh was being brought investment and proper progress was not possible without export. Addressing to the seminar ex Secretary SBI Younus Dhaga highlighted the achievements of SBI during four years. He said that it is the need of the hour that project financing was much needed in untraditional sectors and lack of understanding must be removed in these agro-based sectors. Director General SBI Riaz-uddin, while briefing about the objectives of the seminar, said that Sindh vibrant economy has come of age and needs to be promoted and to provide solutions to the investors.

New Zealand focusing on Asia for trade AMANULLAH KHAN


KARACHI—High Commis-

From Page 13 Minister and NBP management for their business cooperation. On the other hand the payments of PS previous loans and markups to NBP are going on smoothly as per planned bailout instalments. This credit facility will helps PSM to import of about 150,000 tons of iron ore & coal from various countries and also PS able to ensure a constant supply of iron ore, enabling to increase PS production and strengthen on financial grounds.

sioner-designate to New Zealand Zehra Akbari has said that Like, EU countries, the New Zealand is also focusing towards Asia in respect of trade, she apprised. The present population of New Zealand is around 4.4 million. She said that economic ties with two countries can further strengthened particularly in the areas of dairy, agriculture, food and education Speaking during her visit to Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industgry (KCCI) she said that Pakistani, textiles,

apparel, carpets, mangoes can be exported to New Zealand, two way trade exceeded to $150 Million in the past, however, the last year’s trade figures were around $109 Million out of which Pakistan’s share is about $40 Million. She informed that Pakistan’s High Commission was opened in Wellington particularly to facilitate the 8000 members of Pakistani community. He stated that Pakistani community was proactive in New Zealand and one Pakistani was also elected as the member of parliament. Currently 142 scholars from Pakistan are completing their Ph.D in New Zealand, she in-

formed. She stated that New Zealand’s embassies worldwide are limited. She appreciated the vital role of KCCI in the socioeconomic development of Pakistan and to promote trade and industry in Karachi and elsewhere. She proposed that KCCI may compose a high-level business delegation to New Zealand to explore new trade prospects. President KCCI Muhammad Haroon Agar however stressed upon the need to augment Pakistan-New Zealand bilateral economic and commercial cooperation. Pakistan should benefit from the New Zealand’s expertise in agriculture, food processing,

dairy, technical-level education in food processing, animal health, post-harvesting techniques, and renewable energy sources. Exchanging views with Pakistan’s High Commissioner-designate to New Zealand H.E. Zehra Akbari during her visit to KCCI, he stated that to enhance reciprocal trade, KCCI can sign MoU with Wellington Chamber of Commerce for mutual cooperation. There is a dire need to enhance people to people contact, exchange of business delegation. He said that presently an Honorary Consulate of New Zealand is operating in Pakistan, the High Commissioner of

New Zealand to Pakistan is stationed in Tehran and visas are issued from Dubai. Therefore, he was of view, opening of New Zealand’s Embassy and Commercial Office in Pakistan is important to enhance bilateral trade and relations. He said that New Zealand’s trade with Pakistan is only around $100 Million as is in favour of New Zealand. Pakistan’s main exports to New Zealand are textiles, linen, cereals, apparels, carpets, handicrafts, sports goods etc. whereas main imports are pumps, dairy products, wool products, other animal products etc. Pakistan & New Zealand signed a trade

agreement in 1990. The meeting of Joint Trade Committee was delayed for 22 years and was held in 2012 wherebyPakistan’s Commerce Secretary also gave the expression of interest to start negotiations on FTA. He underscored on the frequent sessions of Joint Trade Committee. New Zealand’s Minister Trade Phil Goff during his visit to Pakistan in 2007 also visited KCCI and met the then President KCCI to exchange views on bilateral trade. Phil Goff also launched pilot project “Waster of Energy” in Landhi Karachi to convert animal waste into fuel and fertilizer. He said that

serious efforts are required from both the governments and business communities level to enhance bilateral trade and to double the trade volume between two friendly countries. He also requested the High Commissioner to invite exhibitors to participate in the Karachi Chamber ’s MyKarachi Oasis of Harmony Exhibition scheduled to be organized in July 2013. Senior Vice President KCCI Shamim Firpo, Vice President Nasir Mehmood and Managing Committee Members also participated in the meeting also participated and exchanged views.

Iran finds new uranium deposits

Egypt opposition raps Mursi for election call

DUBAI—Iran said it has found significant C AIRO—Egypt’s opposition the Coptic community but an held in four stages around the were scattered protests in Alex- have other priorities such as way out of the crisis. The

new deposits of raw uranium to feed its nuclear programme and has identified sites for 16 more nuclear power stations, just days before talks with Western powers over its disputed atomic programme. The Iran Atomic Energy Organisation report cited by state news agency IRNA on Saturday said the deposits were found in “southern coastal areas” and had trebled the amount outlined in previous estimates. Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad speaks during a news conference in Tehran. There was no independent confirmation but with few uranium mines of its own, Western experts had previously thought that Iran may be close to exhausting its supply of raw uranium. Diplomats say the United States and its allies - the so called P5+1 - are set to offer Iran some relief from their sanctions at the talks in Kazakhstan on Tuesday if it agrees to curb its production of higher grade enriched uranium. The West says the production demonstrates Tehran’s intent to develop a nuclear weapons capability, an allegation the Islamic republic denies. The enriched uranium required for use in nuclear reactors or weapons is produced in centrifuges that spin uranium hexafluoride gas (UF6) at high speeds. The UF6 is derived in a reaction from yellow cake, a concentrate from uranium ore discovered in mines. Iran’s stock of reserves of raw uranium stood at around 4,400 tonnes taking into account discoveries over the past 18 months, IRNA quoted the report as saying. In another announcement that is likely to concern the West, the report also said 16 sites had been identified for the construction of nuclear power stations. It did not specify the exact locations but said they included coastal areas of the Gulf, Sea of Oman, Khuzestan province and in coastal areas of the Caspian Sea —Reuters

attacked President Mohammed Mursi on Saturday for calling elections during a national crisis, but face a test of unity in challenging Islamists who have won every poll since the 2011 revolution. No sooner had Mursi called the parliamentary polls on Thursday than liberals and leftists accused him of deepening divisions between Islamists and their opponents. Some threatened to boycott voting which starts on April 27th and finishes in late June. Voting is held in stages due to a shortage of election monitors and Mursi’s choice of dates upset the Christian minority, which makes up about 10 percent of the population. AlKalema, a Christian Coptic group, criticized the presidency for setting the first round to fall on the community’s Easter religious holiday. “This is total negligence of

intentional move to exclude them from political life,” AlKalema said in a statement. Egyptian tycoon Naguib Sawiris made similar statements criticizing the vote timing. Egypt’s state TV Channel One and Nile TV said later in separate scrolling news headlines that the presidency would change the date of the parliamentary vote because it falls on Coptic Easter holidays, in an effort to appease the Coptic minority. But no official statement was issued by the presidency to that effect. Islamists, including the Muslim Brotherhood which backs Mursi, dominated the old lower house, which was dissolved last year by court order. The new parliament will face tough decisions as Egypt is seeking an IMF loan deal which would ease its financial crisis but demand unpopular austerity. Mursi called the elections, to be

country, hoping they can conclude Egypt’s turbulent transition to democracy which began with the overthrow of autocrat Hosni Mubarak by popular protests. Islamists hailed elections as the only way out of Egypt’s political and economic crisis. However, liberal politician Mohamed ElBaradei said holding polls without reaching a national consensus would further “inflame the situation”. “The insistence on polarization, exclusion and oppression along with ... the deteriorating economic and security situation will lead us to the abyss,” ElBaradei, a former United Nations agency chief, said on his Twitter feed. Egypt is split between the Islamists, who want national life to observe religion more closely, and opposition groups which hold a wide variety of visions for the future. Across Egypt there

andria and Port Said, while a demonstration in Cairo’s Tahrir Square was muted as a sandstorm enveloped the capital. Like the fractious opposition, the demonstrators had widely varying demands. Some called on Mursi to step down while others pressed for the military, which long backed Mubarak and his predecessors, to step back in to run Egypt. The National Salvation Front (NSF), which groups a number of parties opposed to the Islamists, said it would hammer out its stand on the elections. “We will meet early next week to decide on whether we will boycott or go ahead with elections. But as you can see, the opposition overall is upset over this unilateral decision on part of the presidency. This was a rushed decision,” said NSF spokesman Khaled Dawood. Dawood said Egypt should

changing the controversial new constitution produced last year by an assembly dominated by Islamists. “Solve these issues first then talk about elections,” added Dawood. While the opposition can agree on attacking Mursi, previous boycott threats have fizzled out. It remains fractured and disorganized, unlike the well-financed and efficient Islamist election machines which have triumphed in votes for the presidency and parliament. “We face a difficult political decision and time is running out. The opposition faces a test of its ability to remain united,” said Amr Hamzawy, a professor of politics at Cairo University and former liberal lawmaker. Islamist parties and groups welcomed the new elections and dismissed the boycott threat. “Elections are the only

people must be able to choose those they see fit. The majority of political forces will not boycott the elections,” said Tarek al-Zumor of the Building and Development Party. Essam Erian, member of the Muslim Brotherhood’s ruling Freedom and Justice Party, said parliament would unite Egypt’s political life. “The coming parliament will hold a variety of national voices: Islamist, conservative, liberal and leftist. Everyone realizes the importance of the coming period and withholding one’s vote is a big mistake,” Erian said on his Facebook page. Islamists are likely to form coalitions and dominate the new parliament as they did in the previous short-lived lower house, which was dissolved after the Constitutional Court struck down the law used to elect it.—Reuters

Ten injured in Yemen govt, rebels clash

No escalation with China: Abe WASHINGTON—Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe told Americans on Saturday “I am back and so is Japan” and vowed to get the world’s third biggest economy growing again and to do more to bolster security and the rule of law in an Asia roiled by territorial disputes. Abe had firm words for China in a policy speech to a top Washington thinktank, but also tempered his remarks by saying he had no desire to escalate a row over islets in the East China Sea that Tokyo controls and Beijing claims. “No nation should make any miscalculation about firmness of our resolve. No one should ever doubt the robustness of the Japan-U.S. alliance,” he told the Center for Strategic and International Studies. “At the same time, I have absolutely no intention to climb up the escalation ladder,” Abe said in a speech in English. After meeting U.S. President Barack Obama on his first trip to Washington since taking office in December in a rare comeback to Japan’s top job, he said he told Obama that Tokyo would handle the islands issue “in a calm manner.” “We will continue to do so and we have always done so,” he said through a translator, while sitting next to Obama in the White House Oval Office. Tension surged in 2012, raising fears of an unintended military incident near the islands, known as the Senkaku in Japan and the Diaoyu in China. Washington says the islets fall under a U.S.-Japan security pact, but it is ea- Fighters from the Free Syrian Army’s Tahrir al Sham brigade fire back at the Syrian army during heavy fighting in Mleha ger to avoid a clash in the region. Abe said he and Obama “agreed suburb of Damascus. that we have to work together to maintain the freedom of the seas and also that we would have to create a region which is governed based not on force but based on an international law.” Abe, whose troubled first term ended after just one year when he abruptly quit in 2007, has vowed to revive Japan’s economy with a mix of hyper-easy monetary policy, big spending, and structural reform. The hawkish leader is also boosting Japan’s defence spending for the first time in 11 years.—Reuters KIRKUK—Iraqi President Jalal COLOMBO —Myanmar boat had to do that ... as we fear for “Then we (had) no food, no ra- Talabani is now able to talk, his Castro hints at possible retirement survivors rescued by Sri Lanka’s our lives, no jobs, and big fight- tions ... no water. We drank only said, adding he was hopeHAVANA—Cuban President Raul Castro, navy last week say they floated ing,” one of the survivors, sea water,” he said, adding the doctor ful the Kurdish statesman would who is expected to begin a second five-year for 25 days at sea and 97 people Shofiulla, told The Associated bodies of the 97 who died over soon be fit to return to Iraq from term on Sunday, jokingly told reporters on died of starvation after Press. the next 25 days were put into the Germany, where he has been reSaturday that he was planning his retirement Thailand’s navy intercepted Sectarian violence in western sea. ceiving medical treatment for a but left open just when he would step down. them and forcibly removed their Myanmar has killed hundreds of Col. Thanathip stroke. “I’m going to retire,” said a grinning Castro boat’s engine. The Thai navy has people and displaced 100,000 Sawangsaeng, a Thailand DeA peace-maker who often in the company of visiting Russian Prime denied the allegation. Thirty-two more since June. The United fense Ministry spokesman, de- mediated among Iraq’s Shi’ite, Minister Dmitry Medvedev. Castro urged re- men and a boy now detained at Nations estimates the Rohingya nied the allegations. “This is ab- Sunni and Kurdish factions, 79porters to pay close attention to the National an immigration detention center population in Myanmar at solutely not true. The Thai Navy year-old Talabani was flown Assembly meeting this weekend, when a near Sri Lanka’s capital, Co- 800,000, but the Myanmar gov- officers would have not done abroad in December in critical Council of State and president will be elected. lombo, were rescued last Satur- ernment does not recognize them that,” he said, adding that simi- condition. “I am in continuous “I’m going to turn 82, I have a right to retire already,” Castro said. day when their dilapidated as one of the country’s 135 eth- lar accusations have arisen in the contact with the German team “You don’t believe me? Why are you so incredulous?” he added in wooden vessel began sinking nic groups. Most are denied citi- past, including claims that the treating President Talabani,” said an exchange with reporters as he visited a monument to fallen So- while making a perilous journey zenship and have no passports, Thai Navy had abused the refu- Najmaldin Karim, who is also viet soldiers. “It will be an interesting speech. Pay attention,” Castro to Malaysia. though many of their families gees. “The Royal Thai Navy governor of the city of Kirkuk. said before leaving with Medvedev. Castro, who replaced his ailAll are Rohingya Muslims, have lived in the country for gen- commander has previously made “He can talk now with the ing brother Fidel in 2008 and turns 82 in June, has in recent years but they do not want to return to erations. Shofiulla, 24, said 130 it clear that the Thai officers have people around him and started to repeatedly stated that Communist Party and government leaders Myanmar. The survivors were people were on the boat when the treated the boat people according think in a good way. I and the should be held to two, five-year terms in office. Castro would be- suffering from serious dehydra- journey to Malaysia started on to humanitarian principles.” German team are optimistic that gin his second term on Sunday, which would theoretically leave tion when they were rescued Jan. 10. Each had paid $ 465. “There are two approaches in he will get much better and can him free to retire in 2018, aged 86. During his first term, Castro about 250 miles off Sri Lanka’s After 10 days’ travel, he said the handling the Rohingya: Giving return back to Iraq soon.” During has presided over a reform process that included the gradual loos- east coast. The Sri Lanka navy boat reached the Thai border them food and help before letting Talabani’s absence, Iraq’s politiening of restrictions on travel and personal property while moving said they were alerted to the sink- when two boats from the Thai them carry on their sea journey cal crisis has intensified, with the economy in a more market-friendly direction. He has said it is ing vessel by a fisherman. “The navy intercepted them. Shofiulla or prosecute them for illegal en- thousands of Sunni Muslims takthe responsibility of those who built the 54-year-old revolution to journey was dangerous, but we said the sailors took their engine. try,” he said.—AP ing to the streets in protest against see the reforms through and leave Cuba in better condition for a the Shi’ite-led government new generation of leaders. Castro, despite his age, appears fit and The veteran politician often lucid and is widely expected by foreign experts, diplomats and worked to ease tensions in the Cubans to serve a second term. “Whether it happens now or after a country’s fragile power-sharing second term, there’s no shame in putting the limits of Raul Castro’s government and negotiated bepresidential tenure on the table,” said Julia Sweig, director of Latin tween Baghdad and the autonoAmerica studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, a U.S. think mous Kurdistan region, which are tank. “I see this as very consistent with his style - but I would be locked in feud over land and oil surprised if this Sunday’s speech would indicate he won’t stand BUDAPEST—Hungary’s Prime ULAANBATAAR—Mongolia will of clean energy regionally,” he rights.—Reuters for a second term,” Sweig said.—Reuters Minister Viktor Orban set out his host this year’s World Environ- said. Observance of World Envistall for elections in 2014 on Fri- ment Day (WED) celebration on ronment Day began in 1972 as a Protest against re-elected president day, pledging to get the economy 5 June, which will focus on reduc- way to raise awareness of the enYEREVAN—Thousands of people protested back on track, make Hungary fi- ing food waste and loss, the vironment and encourage politiin Armenia’s capital Yerevan on Saturday nancially independent and help United Nations announced. The cal attention and action. This against the re-election of President Serzh households clear their foreign Asian nation was chosen for its year’s theme for the Day is Sarksyan, asserting that an opposition party currency debts. With a success- efforts to shift towards a green “Think.Eat.Save. Reduce Your leader was the real winner. International moni- ful dollar bond sale earlier this economy in its major economic Foodprint,” which builds on a glotors said Monday’s vote was an improvement month, the country’s first inter- sectors such as mining and for bal campaign of the same name on recent elections in Armenia but there was national issue since 2011, Orban promoting environmental aware- launched earlier this year by little competition as some of Sarksyan’s most has already demonstrated his ness among youth, the UN Envi- UNEP, the Food and Agriculture P ARIS —French President prominent rivals did not run, saying the re- ability to secure financing after ronment Programme (UNEP) said Organization (FAO) and other Francois Hollande called for compartners to reduce food and waste pulsory labeling and traceability sult was likely to be skewed to deliver him the International Monetary Fund in a news release. of meat used in processed foods “Mongolia is facing enor- loss. victory. The rally in Yerevan’s Freedom refused it a credit line after long in Europe to prevent a repeat of The announcement was made mous challenges, including growmonths of talks. Square was peaceful and there were no protests in other cities in Hungary has been helped in ing pressure on food security, tra- during UNEP’s Governing Coun- the horsemeat scandal. French and the ex-Soviet republic. But analysts are concerned about instability in a region that is a key transit route for Caspian gas and oil its battle for financial indepen- ditional nomadic herding and wa- cil session in Nairobi, Kenya, German agriculture ministers said deliveries to Europe. Backers of Sarksyan’s second-placed rival dence by investors’ global hunt ter supplies as a result of the im- where hundreds of environment on Friday they agreed on the need Raffi Hovannisian chanted “Raffi! Raffi!” and “Armenia! Arme- for riskier high-yielding assets pacts of climate change,” said ministers and civil society repre- for origin labeling and would try nia” at the rally, alleging that the vote was rigged in favour of the such as Hungary’s junk-rated UNEP Executive Director Achim sentatives met to discuss some of to find a deal on meat traceability the most pressing environmental at a meeting of European farm Sarksyan. “We should carry on our fight calmly and according to bonds. Orban, who has clashed Steiner. ministers in Brussels on Monday. “Indeed it is estimated that issues. the constitution. Our democratic movement will not stop and we with the European Union over “There needs to be traceabil“I am sure that as the global annual mean temperature has inpolicies that included big windwill achieve victory,” Hovannisian told the crowd, raising a clenched fist over his head. “Welcome Armenia! You are the people, you fall taxes on banks and selected creased by over 2°C during the last host of WED, Mongolia will dem- ity, that is what I want from talks have chosen your servant,” U.S.-born Hovannisian, accompanied business sectors, drew the battle 70 years and precipitation has de- onstrate to the world that a transi- on a European level,” Hollande by his wife and son, said to the protesters, who were waving Ar- lines with the opposition Social- creased in most regions, except the tion to a green economy is pos- said on Saturday. “We need commenian flags. Hovannisian told protesters that the president, at a ists, who have been narrowing western part of the country, indi- sible, even within some of the pulsory labeling on meats that will meeting on Thursday, rejected his demand for a rerun of the vote. the gap on his centre-right Fidesz cating that Mongolia is among the most traditionally challenging in- be used in processed foods,” Official results showed Sarksyan winning 58.6 percent of the votes, party in opinion polls since the most vulnerable nations in the dustrial sectors, when leadership, Hollande said at the start of the vision, smart policies and politi- annual agriculture fair in Paris. world to global warming. compared to nearly 37 percent for Hovannisian. Hovannisian said last election in 2010. He added that while waiting cal will are translated into action “Yet its Government is also “They are figures from the he would start touring cities and villages where he polled ahead of Sarksyan in the election, before staging another protest rally in the past. We know them well, and determined to meet these chal- on the ground,” Mr. Steiner said. for European legislation, France During the Council session, would encourage voluntary inisame square on Sunday. “There is a ‘tradition’ in post-Soviet coun- we know what they are prepar- lenges and seize the opportunities Mr. Steiner also announced that a tiatives to improve labeling. The of a less-polluting and more-sustries that those who scored second or third positions always ques- ing for ... They would lift the tax tion results of elections, no matter what,” said analyst Sergei on banks and would tax the tainable future – from a morato- UNEP mission to Mongolia was EU wants to put regulation in Minasyan. “I think Raffi Hovannisian is aiming for a long march people instead again,” Orban rium on new mining pending im- scheduled to depart in April to place to avoid a repeat of a scanthat would somehow unite the opposition to keep up the pressure said. Orban said the recession- proved environmental regulations assist the country in its transition dal that burst after horsemeat was and maybe benefit from it in the approaching elections for local hit economy would start picking to plans to become a renewable to a green economy in areas such found instead of beef in products energy power-house and exporter as energy, land and water.—UNN. around the bloc.—Reuters up this year.—Reuters governments, including for the Yerevan mayor.”—Reuters

Myanmar survivors floated at sea for 25 days, 97 dead

Hungary PM sets up stall for 2014 vote

Talabani improving, can now talk: doctor

Mongolia hosting World Environment Day 2013

Hollande orders compulsory labeling amid horsemeat scandal

A DEN —Ten people were wounded, one critically, in clashes between Yemeni security forces and southern separatists in Aden on Saturday, medical sources said, days after six were shot dead during protests. The separatists want political autonomy or a new state in south Yemen. It is one of three insurgencies in the strategically vital Arabian Peninsula state where Washington fears political chaos is giving al Qaeda space to operate. North and south Yemen were unified in 1990 after the Communist-led southern government collapsed. Northern forces won a brief civil war four years later after the south tried to secede from the union. The secessionist movement gained strength during mass, nationwide street protests against former president Ali Abdullah Saleh in 2011, which forced the veteran strongman

from office a year ago. On Thursday, security forces shot at dozens of secessionists in Aden as they staged a rally against Saleh’s successor, President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, a northerner. There were also armed clashes in another southern town, al-Dalea. Medical sources and witnesses said at least six people had been killed during the two clashes. Southern Yemenis complain of discrimination by the government in the north. The impoverished state also faces a rebellion by the Shi’ite Muslim Houthi movement in the north and an insurgency in some southern areas by Islamist militants allied to al Qaeda. Tackling lawlessness in the country, which lies near oil shipment routes and flanks the world’s top oil exporter, Saudi Arabia, is seen as important by Western and Gulf countries.—Reuters

China admits existence of ‘cancer villages’ BEIJING—China’s environment stories about so-called cancer vilministry appears to have acknowledged the existence of socalled “cancer villages” after years of public speculation about the impact of pollution in certain areas. For years campaigners have said cancer rates in some villages near factories and polluted waterways have shot up. But the term “cancer village” has no technical definition and the ministry’s report did not elaborate on it. There have been many calls for China to be more transparent on pollution. The latest report from the environment ministry is entitled “Guard against and control risks presented by chemicals to the environment during the 12th FiveYear period (2011-2015)”. It says that the widespread production and consumption of harmful chemicals forbidden in many developed nations are still found in China. “The toxic chemicals have caused many environmental emergencies linked to water and air pollution,” it said. The report goes on to acknowledge that such chemicals could pose a long-term risk to human health, making a direct link to the so-called “cancer villages”. “There are even some serious cases of health and social problems like the emergence of cancer villages in individual regions,” it said. The BBC’s Martin Patience in Beijing says that as China has experienced rapid development,

lages have become more frequent. And China has witnessed growing public anger over air pollution and industrial waste caused by industrial development. Media coverage of conditions in these so-called “cancer villages” has been widespread. In 2009, one Chinese journalist published a map identifying dozens of apparently affected villages. In 2007 the BBC visited the small hamlet of Shangba in southern China where one scientist was studying the cause and effects of pollution on the village. He found high levels of poisonous heavy metals in the water and believed there was a direct connection between incidences of cancer and mining in the area. Until now, there has been little comment from the government on such allegations. Environmental lawyer Wang Canfa, who runs a pollution aid centre in Beijing, told the AFP news agency that it was the first time the “cancer village” phrase had appeared in a ministry document. Last month - Beijing - and several other cities - were blanketed in smog that soared past levels considered hazardous by the World Health Organisation. The choking pollution provoked a public outcry and led to a highly charged debate about the costs of the country’s rapid economic development, our correspondent says.—BBC

Over 23,000 sued over Friday mayhem DHAKA—Police filed 16 cases against over 23,000 people including the activists of Jamaate-Islami and its allies in connection with Friday’s violence in Dhaka and three other districts. Eleven cases were filed in Dhaka, two each in Chittagong and Chandpur and one in Bogra on charges of arson and vandalism and attacking police and preventing them from discharging their duties. At least 4,000 people were sued in 11 cases filed between Friday midnight to 9:00am Saturday. Of the total, four cases were filed each in Shahbagh and Paltan police stations and one each in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Wari and Ramna police stations, said Gazi Rabiul Islam, assistant commissioner (Media and Community Service) of Dhaka Metropolitan Police. The plaintiffs mentioned the names of 58 ac-

cused in the 11 cases, the AC said. They have been made accused of attacking police, vandalising and setting fire to their vehicles and creating panic among the people by using explosive substances. Kotwali police filed two separate cases against 3,500 people by mentioning the names of 25 activists of Jamaat, Shibir and other Islamist organisations early Saturday, said Abdullah Hel Baki, deputy commissioner of Chittagong Metropolitan Police (South). A few thousand supporters of radical Islamist organisations vandalised structures and the Gonojagoron Mancha site in front of the press club on Jamal Khan Road during Friday’s protest against Shahbagh movement. At least four policemen were injured, one with bullet, in

South Africa vs Pakistan 3rd Test

Debutant Abbott destroys Pakistan C ENTURION —It’s been a ile Pakistan batting failed to solidly, keeping out every-

In the morning session as well, the batsmen resisted for a while before four wickets went down fairly quickly. AB de Villiers completed his 16th Test century, and Philander went on to his career-best score of 74 as they stretched their seventh wicket partnership to 129. The breakthrough finally came for Pakistan more than an hour into the day’s play when Philander nicked a low catch to Hafeez at first slip. Rahat Ali hadn’t earned too many admirers after his lacklustre debut in Johannesburg earlier this month, and his shelling of an absolute sitter off de Villiers made him a laughing stock, but he silenced the doubters with a six-for that ended South Africa’s first innings at 409. With debutant Ehsan Adil struggling with a leg injury, Saeed Ajmal understandably not at his most dangerous this early in the Test, and Mohammad Irfan tiring to- AUCKLAND: The victorious England team with the series trophy after beating New Zealand in 3rd ODI on Saturday. wards the end of the innings, Rahat was the most successful in an inexperienced Pakistan attack. Despite Rahat’s strikes, though, South Africa would have been satisified with their total after choosing to bat on a track which had plenty of uneven AUCKLAND—If occasionally Powerplay. A regular fall of Anderson at deep midwicket bounce.—Agencies knocking over the bowler’s wickets stymied the recovery to be last man out, New W A S H I N G T O N — S e e k i n g end bails can be deemed a and Brendon McCullum’s 79 Zealand had wasted seven “tens of millions of dol- weakness, it is the only blem- in 68 balls was a lone hand. overs of their innings and England could have were looking down the barpaid to Lance ish against Steven Finn at S Africa Women innings: Bismah Maroof b Ismail 4 lars” asked for no better after rel of defeat. the moment. His new, Y Potgieter b Qanita Jalil 20 Nain Abidi lbw b Benade 2 Chasing such a small tarshorter, run up is designed Alastair Cook decided to Mir c Chetty T Chetty b Asmavia ........ 4 Sana to address that issue and it bowl. On a tiny ground - get against an attack with few Preez lbw b Asmavia ....... 0 b Kapp .............................. 1 has taken none of the pace boundaries so short the threats, England encounM Kapp not out .......... 102 Nida Dar lbw b Kapp ...... 7 and aggression away from venue would not be ratified tered few problems. New Khan lbw C Brits b Qanita Jalil ....... 0 Javeria him, qualities which were too by the ICC if it were a new Zealand’s seamers are at least b Letsoalo ........................ 1 SM Benade run out ...... 11 good for New Zealand as ground - it was a remarkable five-miles-an-hour slower Iqbal D van Niekerk not out .. 55 Asmavia England comfortably won performance with the ball. than England’s and provided Extras:(b 1, lb 1, w 13) ... 15 b Loubser ....................... 14 Finn and Anderson produced none of the control that saw the deciding ODI. Total : (5 wickets) ........ 207 Batool Fatima lbw b Kapp4 The win secured their another opening 10 overs the first innings so stifled. Fall of wickets: 1-5, 2-9, 3- Sadia Yousuf not out .... 10 first ODI series in New where New Zealand went England went at five an over Extras: (lb 1, w 8, nb 1) .. 10 55, 4-55, 5-79 Zealand since 1992 and was nowhere and the mood re- in the Powerplay. They al(all out; Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W Total: the result of a fine bowling mained throughout the in- lowed the chase to descend Qanita Jalil .......... 10-2-30-2 29.4 overs) ...................... 81 from overwhelming to workdisplay led by Finn. His ex- nings. Fall of wickets: 1-6, 2-14, 3Asmavia Iqbal ..... 6-0-31-2 Only when McCullum manlike with some lazy cellence included three wickSana Mir ............. 10-1-39-0 23, 4-31, 5-44, 6-44, 7-47, 8ets that laid a platform for opened up in the second strokes - Cook and Jonathan Sadia Yousuf ...... 10-1-28-0 57, 9-70, 10-81 England to dominate in the Powerplay did New Zealand Trott both caught behind Bismah Maroof .. 10-1-42-0 Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W field. He and James Ander- ever look like making the driving outside off - but it Nida Dar ............... 4-0-35-0 S Ismail ................. 8-3-18-2 son conceded just 18 in the progress demanded of them was beneficial that Eoin MorPakistan Women innings: SM Benade .......... 7-1-27-2 opening 10 overs and New to be competitive. But when gan was able to enjoy time at Armstrong for “years of broRabiya Shah lbw b Ismail . 1 MM Letsoalo ....... 7-2-17-2 ken promises,” the US gov- Zealand never recovered, he was superbly taken by the crease.—AFP M Kapp ................ 7-2-18-3 Qanita Jalil b Benade .... 12 CENTURION: Kyle Abbott of South Africa took seven wickSidra Ameen b Letsoalo 15 S Loubser ............ 0.4-0-0-1 ernment joined a lawsuit al- being bowled out for a total ets on debut against Pakistan in 3rd Test on Saturday. leging the doping cyclist de- nowhere near competitive on frauded former sponsor US a dry, hard, flat surface. SCJ Broad ............. 9-0-38-2 England should have New Zealand innings: Postal Service. “Lance Armstrong and completed a rout but stut- Watling c Swann b Finn . 1 GP Swann .......... 8.5-0-49-2 his cycling team took more tered slightly towards the HD c Buttler b Finn ......... 2 England innings: than $30 million from the US end of the chase. For the most Williamson b Anderson . 7 Cook b Southee ............. 46 Postal Service based on their part they played with the flu- Taylor c Buttler b Broad 28 IR Bell b Ellis .................. 24 contractual promise to play ency expected on an excel- Elliott run out ................. 24 IJL Trott b Southee ....... 38 fair and abide by the rules — lent drop-in pitch. Brendon McCullum c Anderson . 79 JE Root not out ............. 28 TOKYO—Japan international W A S H I N G T O N — L a m o n t including the rules against McCullum also did justice to Franklin c & b Swann ... 13 Morgan c Mills b Ellis .. 39 striker Hisato Sato fired home Peterson, showing no rust doping,” said Ronald the conditions with another McCullum c Cook b Finn 4 JC Buttler b Southee ....... 3 the sole goal to give Sanfrecce after a 14-month layoff, Machen, US Attorney for the fine captain’s innings, his Ellis c Woakes b Broad .. 9 CR Woakes not out ........ 3 Hiroshima a 1-0 win over stopped Kendall Holt in the third consecutive half-cen- Mills lbw b Woakes ........ 2 Extras (lb 1, w 4) .............. 5 District of Columbia.—AFP Kashiwa Reysol to claim their eighth round on Friday to tury, but the rest of New TG Southee not out ........ 5 Total (5 wickets) .......... 186 second Super Cup victory on retain the International BoxZealand’s batsman were un- Extras (lb 3, w 8) ............ 11 Fall of wickets 1-42, 2-109, Saturday. Toshihiro Aoyama ing Federation light-welterdone by England’s danger- Total (all out) ............... 185 3-112, 4-168, 5-171 sent a cross from the left to the weight crown. ous, disciplined attack, the Fall of wickets 1-2, 2-11, 3- Bowling ............ O-M-R-W centre, where defender Hiroki Peterson, once a home11, 4-64, 5-67, 6-99, 7-109, 8- KD Mills ............ 7.3-0-34-0 best of whom was Finn. Mizumoto headed to set up less child on the streets of TG Southee ........ 10-1-48-3 The wicket was tailor- 146, 9-150, 10-185 Sato’s volley shot in the 29th the US capital where he demade for him and he was of- Bowling ............ O-M-R-W AM Ellis ............... 8-0-35-2 minute. “I knew that Mizumoto fended his title, improved to ten unplayable. His opening JM Anderson ....... 8-1-34-1 NL McCullum ...... 7-0-39-0 would give me the ball after 31-1-1 with his 16th stoppage spell went for just five and ST Finn ................. 9-3-27-3 KS Williamson ....... 1-0-9-0 Aoyama’s cross. Mizumoto inside the distance when refcreated a crawl through the CR Woakes .......... 9-0-34-1 JEC Franklin ......... 4-0-20-0 also knew I was his right side. eree Tony Weeks stopped L AHORE —Pakistan hockey But it was too good to score the fight after 1:42 of the team named for Azlan Shah like that,” said Sato. Cup has four new faces and eighth. “We will also have the AFC the team management is Holt fell to 28-6 with his Champions League and it fourth loss in seven fights hopeful to get decent rewill be a tough season for us. when Peterson stunned him sults in the event being I really want to share the joy with a right to the head and played from March 9-17in with others once again,” he finished him off against the Ipoh, Malaysia. The fresh added. Sato, the top scorer ropes with a flurry of unan- Lamont Peterson works Kendall Holt against the ropes in legs included in the 18the eighth round. in the Club World Cup in De- swered member squad are half line punches that ing and straightening of the (Ashwin) will turn out to be BIPIN DANI cember, missed another goal prompted Weeks to jump be- said. “I let him have every- testosterone that scrapped a players Amir Shahzad, arm”. “Ashwin has been us- a key bowler”, he added. OBSERVER opportunity when a spec- tween the fighters. thing and I knew I had him.” planned fight with England’s Tasawar Abbas and forward ing both short and long “No, I didn’t become tacular overhead shot was C ORRESPONDENT Irfan Junior and Peterson, 29, ended a 14Amir Khan last May. Holt, 31, “That last time I caught sleeves shirts (in the ongounhappy when he could not finely saved by Kashiwa him against the ropes, I just month layoff following a posi- ended an 11-month layoff af- Mohammad Imran Jr, said keeper Takanori Sugeno in let my hands go,” Peterson tive doping test for synthetic ter right shoulder surgery. Akhtar Rasool Chaduahry, M UMBAI —India’s former ing Test, he was seen in a get all ten wickets in the first the 57th minute.—AFP Peterson, who blamed chief manager and coach of leg-break bowler B. S. half-sleeved shirt). His bowl- innings. As long as team his positive test on treat- the team at a news confer- Chandrasekhar, like few ing action is clean and I don’t wins, individual milestone ments for low testosterone, ence here on Saturday at others, used to wear full- doubt actions of any Indian is not counted”, he added. was stripped of the World national hockey stadium. sleeves shirt while bowling. bowlers, but I don’t see great Sunil Subramanium had Boxing Association title, Coaches, Hanif Khan and Perhaps this was to hide his merit in a bowler’s action be- never been one to hide his one of two he took from Ajmal Lohdi were also right arm which was af- ing corrected in a laboratory. feelings or to mince words. fected due to polio-attack The bowler will be alert when Interestingly, in the midKhan in a controversial vic- present. The team chief coach in his childhood. However, his action is being captured nineties, when he not setory at Washington in Delected in the South Zone said the two senior players Sunil Subramanium, the in camera”, he said. cember of 2011. Interestingly, Harbhajan team for the Duleep Trophy, coach of India’s first day But the IBF, after hiring Shakeel Abbasi and former its own medical expert and captain Wasim Ahmed have hero of the ongoing Singh, who wears full-sleeves he went straight to the conducting more tests that been given rest in order to Chennai Test against Aus- shirt while bowling in Tests, TNCA secretary’s room and found no performance ad- test the abilities of new play- tralia, R. Ashwin, believes had doubtful bowling action questioned him on his nonvantage, kept Peterson as ers. Rizwan Sr, and that all bowlers should in the past and his bowling selection, armed with facts champion, giving him the Mohammad Rashid who wear half-sleeves shirts action was tested in the labo- and figures. He found it ratory. Ashwin dedicated his hard to swallow that he was chance to defend his title and preferred playing league while bowling in spells. first day’s performance (six not considered good Speaking from Chennai abroad rather joining the reputation. wickets in a row) to this 46enough to command a place on Saturday morning, he The bout brought only national camp were not $37,500 for Peterson and considered and the team said, “the ICC should make year-old coach. “Obvioously, in the list of probables when $12,500 for Holt, but could management have sent a it mandatory for all bowlers who would not be happy for in his view, he was still good offer Peterson a possible compliant against them to to operate wearing short his performance ? There are enough to play for the state. RAWALPINDI: Zamurd Khan, Chairman Baitulmal cutting the ribbon to inaugurate big-money unification the Pakistan hockey federa- sleeves. It will not enable few more Tests to be played “That’s a past history bowlers to hide the bend- in this series and I am sure he now”, he signed off. Annual Sports Day of AI Growing Years High School at Pasban Sports Club. tion.—APP showdown.—AFP

heady couple of days for Kyle Abbott. On Friday, he got the exhilarating news that he would make his Test debut, after Jacques Kallis was ruled out with a calf injury. On Saturday, he grabbed that chance in the most spectacular manner, ripping through Pakistan’s brittle line-up to end with 7 for 29, the best figures by a South African in a debut innings. He’s still only South Africa’s sixth-choice fast bowler, but at Centurion he was the one proudly leading the team off the field after Pakistan were bundled out for 156. Dale Steyn, the premier quick bowler in the world, walked across and gave Abbott the innings ball to treasure. A familiar tale repeated itself at Centurion as the frag-

Hiroshima beat Kashiwa to win Super Cup

cope with South Africa’s fourpronged pace attack on a twopaced pitch. South Africa took four wickets, including two for debutant Kyle Abbott, in the second session to extend the advantage handed by their resistant lower order, and leave Pakistan looking to avoid the follow-on. The visitors will draw some encouragement from the performance of the two batsmen in the middle, Younis Khan and Asad Shafiq, in Newlands where they both hit centuries after the top order had crumbled. Pakistan’s openers have had a torrid time all series, and their highest partnership in four innings was 10. This time, with Imran Farhat taking the place of the struggling Nasir Jamshed, they began far more

thing South Africa threw at them for over an hour. Farhat has had his share of doubters in a stop-start career, but began fluently with a drive through cover first ball and following it up with a crisp glide behind point. Mohammad Hafeez was more watchful, managing to survive some jaffas early on. South Africa’s bowlers, yet again, showed their ability to turn the game around in a jiffy. From a steady 46 for 0, Pakistan slipped to 56 for 3 in the space of 13 deliveries. Vernon Philander started the slide, by getting Farhat lbw with a full delivery. Abbott then became the second debutant in the game to get a wicket in his first over as Hafeez slapped the ball to gully where Dean Elgar scooped up a low catch. Azhar Ali followed next ball, as a Philander delivery stayed low and Ali’s limp attempt at defence ended in an inside-edge onto the stumps. Pakistan’s two senior batsmen, Misbah-ul-Haq and Younis, were in the middle, but were soon separated as Abbott got the ball swerve away after pitching on off stump, prompting an edge to the slips.

Cycling: US seeks ‘tens of millions’ from Armstrong

England thrash New Zealand, win ODI series

Peterson stops Holt to keep light-welterweight title

Pak hockey team named for Azlan Shah Cup includes four new players

Make half-sleeves shirt for bowlers mandatory:Ashwin’s coach

Alzheimer’s caregivers: Patience, sympathy are key


ORE than 5 million Americans cur rently have the degenerative brain condition, there’s no sure way to prevent it and current treatment options don’t work for everyone. Even more millions are tasked with the sometimes difficult and frustrating daily care of those stricken with the memoryrobbing disease, often with little experience or training. But as the number of Americans with Alzheimer’s has risen in the past few decades and continues to spiral upward, anecdotal and research evidence has accumulated on ways to make everyday life more bearable for those with the disease and to help those caring for them. It includes expanded knowledge of what works and what doesn’t in areas of medication, living situations, everyday contact and more, and ranges from complex to simple solutions. “There are times that it can be difficult to handle someone with Alzheimer’s, but you have to have patience, and you have to put yourself in their shoes,” said Teresa Dinau, a caregiver for Home Care Assistance, based in Palo Alto, Calif. “It’s important to try to understand what they’re going through.” Dr. Jacobo Mintzer, chairman of the Medical and Scientific Advisory Board for the Alzheimer’s Foundation of America, said that the biggest initial problem for caregivers is often that “they’re trying to preserve the person they knew as long as possible.” “That’s usually where they get them-

selves into trouble,” he said. “Because of this desperate need to try to preserve the person, caregivers will put themselves in dangerous situations, like letting the person with Alzheimer’s drive because it has always been important to them.” Not pushing someone with Alzheimer’s to be who they used to be makes some caregivers feel like they’ve given up on their loved one, added Mintzer, who’s also a physician at the Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center in Charleston, S.C. But he said that’s not the case and that there are plenty of safe ways to keep a connection. If someone with Alzheimer’s used to like to swing dance, for instance, and you put on music and swing dance with them, it will often be calming, he said. Or, people with Alzheimer’s usually enjoy looking at photos from the past, according to the Alzheimer’s Association. Mintzer said there are no treatments currently available to alter the course of the disease. However, two types of medications have been approved in the United States to help with memory loss: a group of drugs called cholinesterase inhibitors (brand names include Aricept, Exelon, Razadyne and Cognex) and memantine (brand name Namenda). However, the Alzheimer’s Association reports that these medications don’t work for everyone and, on average, delay worsening of symptoms only by about six to 12 months.

KARACHI: Activists of Baloch Human Rights Organization holding a demonstration to demand recovery of allegedly missing persons.

Sharjeel says chances of rigging shut K ARACHI — The Pakistan People Party (PPP) has prevented any possibility for anyone come to power through backdoors. This was stated by Sindh Minister for Information, Sharjeel Inam Memon. In a statement here on Saturday, Sharjeel who is also the Central Deputy Information Secretary of (PPP),further stated that all the avenues of riggings in the polls have been blocked. He further stated that those who wish come to power through backdoors should leave politics. Sharjeel also flayed the policies of Pakistan Muslim League- Nawaz (PML-N). He was of the view that Nawaz Sharif should return what he termed as the IJI’s money or else he may be disqualified under the articles 62 and 63.—APP

KARACHI: Pir Pagara addressing a press conference at his residence.—PO photo by Sultan Chaki

Qari Amin of ASWJ gunned down STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—An activist of Ahle-Sunnat Wal Jamaat and Pesh Imam of Bilal Mosque in Korangi, Qari Muhammad Ameen was gunned down in Korangi Crossing area on Sun-day. Soon after the fatal incident, unidentified armed men resorted to aerial firing due to which the road was blocked which resulted in heavy traffic gridlock. According to Police, citizens had caught one alleged killer from

the scene and handed him to Police. Police have recovered a 9mm pistol from the possession of the arrested. Later Rangers arrived at the area and dispersed the protestors peacefully. In Frontier Colony area, unidenti-fied armed men had injured Pakhtun Student Federation Sindh chapter General secretary Homeopathic Dr Painda Khan Yousufzai. He was shot five times and was shifted to hospital. However, he succumbed to his injuries. Four others were injured in the

IRFAN A LIGI KARACHI—The acting Sindh Governor and Speaker of Sindh provincial Assembly Nisar Ahmed Khuhro has said that there was a negative perception across the province regarding the Sindh people’s Local Government Act-2012 that it was against the interests of the people of the province. Therefore, the government had repealed it and restored the Local government Ordinance of 1979 so that the wrong perception could also be repealed. Nisar Ahmed Khuhro said that it was the constitutional right of the elected assembly to make necessary legislations

Peoples Party (PPP) from District Ghotki, Sardar Ali Gohar Khan Mahar called on Sindh Chief Minister, Syed Qaim Ali Shah, at the CM House here on Friday. A CM House statement said that former district nazim of Sukkur, Syed Nasir Hussain Shah, was also present on the occasion. It said that in the meeting the political situation of upper Sindh especially of District Ghotki was discussed and that there was a detailed discussion regarding the coming general elections. Chief Minister said that the present government has completed various projects for the welfare and betterment of the people.—APP

and revoke any. He said that resignations of Muttahida Qaumi Movement Ministers were not accepted due to public holiday. The political alliance between the Muttahida Qaumi Movement and Pakistan People’s Party was the need of the hour, which should go ahead in future. Political parties had differences but it did not mean that the political parties should closes doors for dialogue and reconciliation and it was also no harmful to form a government with allies. Nisar Ahmed Khuhro said that it was a false allegation against the elected govern-

ment that it had failed to hold local body polls in the province. It was also wrong to claim that the Military dictator had held local body polls in 1987 because it was not the Military rule in 1987 but was a democratic regime. He said that it would soon be disclosed in coming general elections as who was the actual beneficiary of the local government ordinance 0f 1979. Pakistan People Party had never left the field without contesting and would also never leave it for any because the Pakistan People Party would clean sweep the coming general elections in the country.

Diabetes affects large segment of society

Sardar Ali Gohar calls on Qaim

KARACHI—A leader of Pakistan

incident. Police arrested an outlaw after an encounter from the Soldier Ba-zaar Area. The suspect had at-tempted to rob a goldsmith Adil, who had arrived at his shop with gold. Police that was on patrol in the area had intercepted the suspect. However, the suspect tried to es-cape but was arrested after an en-counter. Police recovered the snatched gold, mobile phones and two mo-torcycles. The accomplices of the suspect had managed to escape from the scene.

PPP-MQM alliance need of the hour: Khuhro

STAFF REPORTER KARACHI —Medical experts have said that the diabetes Mellitus and hyperthyroidism were two diseases that peaked in Pakistan and were common. The two diseases might have affected at least 5% to 10% of the whole population of the country. The thyroid disease was equally affecting men and women alike. They were addressing a seminar held the National Institute of Diabetes & Endocrinology (NIDE), Dow University of Health Sciences (DUHS) today at its Ojha Campus Saturday on the topic Awareness on Thyroid and Obesity. They said that several de-

partments had been established to provide cost effective treatment to the needy patients at Dow University. Prof. Dr Umer Farooq, Pro Vice Chancellor, DUHS speaking as the Chief Guest on the occasion said that it is a disease which should be diagnosed at early stage. It can be treated through medicine and surgeries but early diagnosis is very important to save from many complications in future. DUHS besides teaching is also providing community healthcare services. In this respect, several departments have been established to provide cost effective treatment to the needy patients. NIDE Director Prof. Dr

Zaman Shaikh speaking on Thyroid disease informed that thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck, is the master gland of metabolism. He said that when the thyroid of a person doesn’t function, it affects every aspect of health and in particular weight, depression and energy levels. Since undiagnosed thyroid problems can dramatically increase your risk of obesity, heart disease, depression, anxiety, hair loss, sexual dysfunction, infertility and a host of other symptoms and health problems, it’s important that you don’t go undiagnosed. Dow International Medical College Principal Prof. M. Masroor, Dr Madiha also addressed the seminar.

17th Convocation

Hamdard University awards degrees to 1,330 graduates STAFF REPORTER KARACHI— Hamdard University (HU) had awarded the graduating students with degrees of different faculties. The HU had also conferred higher ranking degrees to the qualifying students for their successful completion of Ph.D and M.Phil. The degree awarding was witnessed in an august ceremony of the 17th convocation of the HU at the Madinat Ul Hikmat on Saturday. There were 1330 degrees, 785 presence and 445 in absentia including Ph.D and M.Phil degrees were allotted to students of all 7 faculties of Hamdard University and Hamdard University Gold Medals and Shaheed

Hakim Said Gold Medals were also given to 30 and 07 promising students respectively, who secured first position though out their academic careers. All degrees and Gold Medals were given away to passing graduates by the Chief Guest, Dr. Javed Leghari, Dr. M.D. Shami and Mrs. Sadia Rashid, Chancellor, Hamdard University. Speaking on the occasion, the Chief Guest Dr. Javed Leghari said that Hamdard University was a well known university and generally known by its commitments to quality education and the goals, set by its visionary and charismatic founder, Shaheed Hakim Mohammed Said. He said that Higher Edu- KARACHI: Dr Javed Leghari awarding medals to the position holder students during 17th cation Commission (HEC) convocation of Hamdard University.

was formed to improve and enhance the quality and enrolments of higher education and the HEC had made remarkable success to achieve this goal. It promote the Information Technology, established digital library, arranged video library as a result 45,000 international generals and books on different subjects of science were available on its website. HEC made 7,000 publications last years, he added. While submitting report of Hamdard University’s last year performance the Vice Chancellor, Hamdard University Prof. Dr. Hakim Abdul Hanan said that the university was running by its own resources. Only Hamdard Foundation Pakistan generously gave grants to the uni-

versity. Even then the university gave scholarships about Rs. 30 million per annum, he added. Mrs. Sadia Rashid, Chancellor, Hamdard University while congratulating in her speech to the passing graduates said that today was the day for a call for stock taking and thanks giving day for the graduates Hamdard University. May Allah guide you all and help you reach to all the success, she prayed. Vote of thanks was offered by Ms. Fatema Munir Ahmed, Vice President, Madinat al-Hikmah, Beside Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan, foreign diplomats, elite of the city, parents and students in a large number attended the Convocation.

Representatives of bar associations to meet ANP leaders STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI – The representatives of Sindh High Court Bar Association, Sindh Bar Council, Supreme Court Bar Association, Pakistan Bar Council, Karachi Bar Association and Malir Bar Association would visit Mardan House on Sunday (today) where the delegation would meet Awami National Party Sindh chapter leaders to invite them to participate in the Peace Rally on Feb 27 and Karachi Peace Conference on March 2 and 3. According to a statement issued here yesterday, ANP Think Tank meeting has been summoned to review the changing political scenario in Sindh and attacks on ANP leaders and office-bearers. The ANP Think Tank meeting would be held at 3pm Sunday (today).

Baldia factory fire: 18 unidentified bodies to be buried KARACHI—The bodies of 18 unidentified people, who died during a deadly fire at a factory in Baldia Town area of Karachi, last year, would be buried today (Sunday). The Sindh High Court (SHC) on February 20, 2013 ordered authorities to make arrangements for burials of 18 unidentifiable victims of Baldia Town factory fire, awaiting DNA test in the morgue of Edhi center near Sohrab Goth. According to Deputy Commissioner of the city, the bodies would be buried at Karachi Municipal Corporation (KMC) graveyard in the city. He further said that all arrangements have been made and the burial would definitely take place on scheduled time. Garment factories in Karachi caught fire on 11 September 2012. The fires occurred in a textile factory in the western part of Karachi. The fires are considered to be the most deadly and worst industrial factory fires in Pakistan’s history, killing 315 people and seriously injuring more than 250 others.—Online

Fish oil may help protect brain after stroke


RIGLYCERIDE lipid emulsions rich in an omega-3 fatty acid injected within a few hours of an ischemic stroke can decrease the amount of damaged brain tissue by 50 percent or more in mice, according to a new study. The results obtained by researchers at Columbia University Medical Centre suggest that the emulsions may be able to reduce some of the longterm neurological and behavioral problems seen in human survivors of neonatal stroke and possibly of adult stroke, as well. Currently, clot-busting tPA (recombinant tissuetype plasminogen activator) is the only treatment shown to improve recovery from ischemic stroke. If administered soon after stroke onset, the drug can restore blood flow to the brain but may not prevent injured, but potentially salvageable, neurons from dying. Drugs with neuroprotective qualities that can prevent the death of brain cells damaged by stroke are needed, but even after 30 years of research and more than 1000 agents tested in animals, no neuroprotectant has been found effective in people. Omega-3 fatty acids, commonly found in marine and plant oils, may have more potential as neuroprotectants because they affect multiple biochemical processes in the brain that are disturbed

by stroke, said the study‘s senior author, Richard Deckelbaum, MD, director of the Institute of Human Nutrition at Columbia‘s College of Physicians and Surgeons. “The findings also may be applicable to other causes of ischemic brain injury in newborns and adults,” added co-investigator Vadim S. Ten, MD, PhD, an associate professor of pediatrics from the Department of Pediatrics at Columbia. The effects of the omega-3 fatty acids include increasing the production of natural neuroprotectants in the brain, reducing inflammation and cell death, and activating genes that may protect brain cells. Omega3 fatty acids also markedly reduce the release of harmful oxidants into the brain after stroke. “In most clinical trials in the past, the compounds tested affected only one pathway. Omega-3 fatty acids, in contrast, are very bioactive molecules that target multiple mechanisms involved in brain death after stroke,” Dr. Deckelbaum said. The study revealed that an emulsion containing only DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), but not EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid), in a triglyceride molecule reduced the area of dead brain tissue by about 50 percent or more even when administered up to two hours after the stroke.

No desire to be caretaker PM: Asma MUZAFFAR ALI LAHORE —Former president of the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) Asma Jahangir on Saturday said she had no desire to become the caretaker prime minister. Speaking to media representatives in Lahore, Jahangir said certain people come into power in the name of the people and then refuse to party with it. She expressed apprehensions that certain forces were trying to create chaos in the country but added that elections would happen on time. Jahangir moreover said the country’s current situation was a result of the actions taken by regimes of the past, adding that democracy should continue to flourish in Pakistan. She further said it would LAHORE: Chief Minister Punjab Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif chairing a high level meeting regarding good goverbe better if retired judges did nance of Punjab Government. President PML-N Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Opposition leader Ch Nisar Ali Khan and not join the caretaker set-up. others are also present. Earlier in January, Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf (PTI) chairman Imran Khan had said his party would oppose the nomination of Jahangir for caretaker prime minister. “The PML-N has endorsed the name of rights activist Asma Jahangir for caretaker prime minister.

Anti-dengue Day

UHS declares BDS result STAFF REPORTER

LAHORE: Girls taking interest in photos during World Press Photo Exhibition in connection with Literary Festival at Alhamra Art Centre.

Judges urged to deliver judgements on merit SALIM AHMED L AHORE —Mr.

Justice Khawaja Imtiaz Ahmad, Senior Judge of Lahore High Court has said that our country is passing through a crucial stage as price hike, lawlessness and terrorism activities have made the lives of the people miserable. In this scenario, it is duty of the judges to deliver judgments without fear or favor on merit so that miseries of the people could be curtailed. He was addressing a concluding ceremony of a Capacity Building Course designed for Judicial Magistrates at Punjab Judicial Academy. Officers of LHC and Judges of District Judiciary also attended the ceremony. Justice Khawaja said that in order to eliminate sense of insecurity and uncertainty judiciary have to play its due

role by providing inexpensive and speedy justice at the door step of the masses. He said in this era of social and economic injustices, the duty of judiciary becomes more important. Law and order situation in the society can only be ensured by establishing a quick and just dispensation system of justice. Justice Khawaja said that in such a deteriorating law and order situation it becomes imperative for judges to come up to the expectations of the people and Almighty Allah will also reward them. He said that profession of law has a vast scope and it needs strenuous efforts to have a grip on the complexities of law and the judges should study carefully again and again Constitution so that they could decide the disputes amongst the people easily and expeditiously. Director General Punjab

Judicial Academy, Mr. Justice (R) Tanvir Ahmad Khan and representative of trainee Judicial Magistrates, Mr. Nasar Mehmood Gondal also spoke on the occasion. Hon’ble Judge also gave away certificates to the participants including Ms. Sadaf Liaqat, Ms. Nibza, Nazia Rashid, Uzma Ahsan, Mehr-un-Nisa, Shazia Mehboob, Kashif Rasheed Khan Bangash, Nauman Arshad Khan, Altaf Ahmad Shahzad, Muhammad Umer Farooq, Malik Muhammad Shakeel, Nasar Mehmood Gondal, Muhammad Ajmal Khan, Mubarik Ali, Muhammad Tayyab Ishaq, Adnan Anjum Gondal, Faiz Ullah, Mohsin Ali, Muhammad Tariq Khan, Farooq Ahmad, Zulfiqar Ahmad, Sajid Mehmood, Muhammad Masood Asghar, Adnan Bakhtiar and Ahmad Hayat.

PPP leader praises BB’s reconciliation policy SALIM AHMED L AHORE—Special Assistant to the Prime Minister and vice-president PPP Punjab, Mr. Aslam Gill has said credit goes to the policy of reconciliation as given by the Shaheed Muhtarma Benazir Bhutto for the completion of five year term of the democratic governments both at the federal and provincial levels. He was commenting on a statement of the Punjab

Chief Minster in which he alleged that the PPP leadership was not sincere with the policy of reconciliation. He said that it was due to adherence to the policy of reconciliation by the PPP leadership that the Punjab Government led by the PML (N) was in power in the province for the last five years. He said that tolerance, appreciation of opponents’ point of view and accommodation constituted the demo-

cratic culture and Punjab Chief Minister had little appreciation of these best democratic practices. He further that it was due to the same policy that the PML (N) leadership returned to Pakistan from exile to take active part in the country’s politics. He said that the policy of reconciliation would undoubtedly accrue immense dividends which would strengthen democracy in the country.

Struggle to continue for eradication of dengue

SALIM A HMED L A H O R E —Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that war against dengue has not yet completely finished, while the struggle would continue till its complete eradication. He said we should not afraid of dengue, but fight against it. He said we would ensure complete elimination of dengue virus with the effective steps of Punjab government and vigorous support of the people. He said February 24 is being observed as anti-dengue day with a determination that all segments of the society would again step forward against dengue virus and ensure protection of human lives by utilizing

LAHORE—The University of Health Sciences (UHS) has declared the result of Third Professional BDS annual examination 2012. A total of 431 candidates from 10 affiliated dental colleges appeared in the exam out of which 294 passed and 121 failed. Result of 16 candidates was put on RL list. The pass percentage remained 70.84. EEsha Najam D/O Najam Saeed of Institute of Dentistry, CMH Lahore Medical College, Lahore got first position securing 753/ 900 marks. Fizza Tahir D/O Tahir Hussain Alvi of Institute of Dentistry, CMH Lahore Medical College, Lahore and Nayha Enver D/O Tariq Enver of de’Montmorency College of Dentistry, Lahore got second and third positions securing 748/900 and 739/900 marks respectively. The failed candidates can submit their admission forms S TAFF REPORTER on or before March 25, 2013. Supplementary examination L A H O R E —National Instiwill commence with effect tute of Design and Analyfrom April 09, 2013. sis (NIDA), has been authorized to conduct specialized vocational courses for females in employable trades of Fashion and Textile Design, Apparel Making and Domestic Tailoring. These courses include Multimedia Graphics, ArSTAFF REPORTER chitecture Design, Basic CAD and Basic ComLAHORE—University of Vet- Auto puter Skills, a spokespererinary and Animal Science son of TUSDEC said here (UVAS) Vice-Chancellor Prof on Saturday. Dr Talat Naseer Pasha has said National Institute of that training workshops have Design and Analysis is a always been helpful in updat- subsidiary of Technology ing knowledge and skills of Upgradation and Skill Deprofessionals. He was speak- velopment Company ing at the concluding session (TUSDEC) has been regisof a three-day training work- tered with Trade Testing shop on “Canine Radiographic Anatomy” organised by the UVAS’s Department of Anatomy and Histology in collaboration with the Centre for Educational Policy & Administration (CEPA). The workshop was aimed at providing an overview of applied and topographic anatomy of canine followed by a detailed orientation of the normal radiographic anatomy of the skeleton system and viscera of the dog. The ViceChancellor said learning was a lifelong process and key to perfection in practical life. He urged the training participants to apply the knowledge and skills which learnt during their training. Later, the Vice-Chancellor distributed certificates among the training participants. Dean Faculty of Biosciences Prof Dr Muhammad Ashraf and senior faculty LAHORE: Lawyers casting members were also present. Association.

all possible resources. In his message on the occasion of Anti-Dengue Day, Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that living nations learn from their past, to chalk out their future. He said Punjab government had saved thousands of human lives by taking timely steps during last year in 2012. He said all segments of the society would have to play their effective role against dengue virus to defeat it through collective efforts. He said we would have to change our social habits for prevention against dengue, while lethargy and careless attitude towards protection of human lives can never be imagined.

He said a vigorous campaign, based on preventive measures against dengue, is being launched, while it is the need of the hour that elected representatives and government machinery should further strengthen anti-dengue campaign with a missionary zeal, which can only be ensured by active participation of the common man. The Chief Minister said government machinery has a leading role to play in anti-dengue campaign, while government officers should participate in it with a passion to serve the people. He said seminars, walks and workshops have been arranged throughout Punjab, including Lahore, to raise awareness regard-

NIDA to conduct specialized courses for females

Workshop on ‘Canine Radiographic Anatomy’

Board (TTB) for the CAD/ CAM enabled vocational courses. The spokesperson further said that the courses are open for enrolment where each course is signified with an extensive and operable curricula particularly contrived by NIDA experts contemplating the market demand for the trades. All the courses will be imparted at the state-of-the art lab facilities of NIDA Centre. After the successful completion of courses the candidates will be certified by TTB (Trade Testing Body). NIDA being a recognized institution in technical and vocational trainings has collaborated with TTB to optimize its

efforts for quality education in the spokesperson added. NIDA centre is particularly focusing to launch female vocational training courses so that an adept and proficient female manpower could be cultivated. The centre has launched digitally equipped trainings in various conventional trades like jewellery design and lawn printing enabling many women to earn out a decent living. The courses offered by NIDA under TTB certification will enable the candidates to seek better job prospects considering the aggregated market credence of TTB and NIDA in advanced technical education.

their votes during the election of Lahore High Court Bar

ing anti-dengue steps. He said rate of dengue victims has been greatly reduced due to effective steps of the government and preventive measures taken by the people, as a result of which only few hundred persons became victim of dengue virus last years, out of which, with the grace of Allah, no one died. He said anti-dengue campaign would continue with a missionary and patriotic zeal, during the current year as well. The Chief Minister appealed to all segments of the society to join hands to combat dengue virus, and vigorously support the governmental steps taken in this regard.

Polling for LHCBA election concluded L AHORE —The polling for Lahore High Court Bar Association (LHCBA) annual elections for term 2013-14 concluded here peacefully on Saturday. A large number of lawyers casted their votes to elect the new LHCBA cabinet despite rain.The voting continued from 8am to 5pm, with an interval from 1pm to 2pm for lunch. Four candidates were vying for the slot of the LHCBA president. Abid Saqi is supported by Independent Lawyers’ Group led by Asma Jehangir, People’s Lawyers Forum, Pakistan Muslim League (N) Lawyers Forum, Awami National Party Lawyers Forum and a large number of young lawyers besides many lawyers’ groups and clans. Syed Muhammad Shah is the candidate of Hamid Khan-led Professional Group while Shafqat Mahmood Chohan and Sajjad Husain Bhatti are also vying for the top slot as independent candidates. —APP

e-Paper Feb 24, 2013  

e-Paper Feb 24, 2013

e-Paper Feb 24, 2013  

e-Paper Feb 24, 2013