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TTP men likely to launch attacks during Ramzan

Modi extends olive branch to Nawaz Invites Pak PM to swearing-in ceremony NEW

D ELHI —Indian prime minister-designate

AAMIR MAJEED KARACHI —Just like last year, terrorists associated with the banned Tehreeke-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) are likely to launch an attack on the security forces that would be deployed outside mosques during the holy month of Ramzan, The Pakistan Observer has reliably

Narendra Wednesday

Modi invited

on the

leaders of Pakistan and other neighbours to his inauguration next week in an unprecedented move. India, the regional heavyweight, has long had difficult ties with its neighbors, most notably Pakistan, but also smaller nations, such as Nepal and Bangladesh, over trade, immigration and river sharing issues. But in reaching out to members of the South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation at the very start of his administration, Modi

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Today’s issue of Pakistan Observer carries one Page Special Report on World Telecommunication & Information Society Day 2014 on Page 11 and another Special Report on Award Ceremony of 3G/4G Licenses on Page 14 & 15.

Security forces mow down 60 militants in NWA Army major, 3 soldiers martyred

Of those whose assets are abroad

TARIQ SAEED

................................................ P E S H A W A R — S e c u r i t y More Chinese could be kidnapped ................................................ Libya becomes more soft

See Page 04

forces strikes against the suspected terrorists in the North Waziristan agency followed by bloody clashes between the forces and the terrorists on Wednesday left at least seventy miscreants including important commanders dead. Four men in uniform including a

Major of the Pakistan Army embraced Shahadat. Reports reaching here as confirmed by the military sources said, the Security forces in response to the militants continued aggression struck hard on the trouble makers as the PAF war birds went for incessant bombings on their positions in the North

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may also be seeking to address concerns that long-

time rival China is making

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Youm-eTakbir to be celebrated in grand way on May 28 LIAQAT TOOR I SLAMABAD —The PML-N government has decided to

celebrate Youm-e-Takbir in a grand way on May 28 to

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Govt announces cut in legal fee for Fard at ‘Arazi Record Centre’

CM determined to complete land records’ computerization SALIM AHMED L AHORE —Senior Member Board of Revenue (SMBR) Nadeem Ashraf has said that, in order to relieve the land owners from the problems, faced by them in getting the record of their land/ ownership and to facilitate them in this regard, Chief Minister Punjab is determined to complete the project of computerization of land records on fast track. SMBR, Nadeem Ashraf said that, for Project Management Unit Board of Revenue, Punjab, computerized land record services are being provided to

PBC dropped no regional bulletin

the public in 114 tehsils through Arazi Record Centers. In order to maintain the highest standards of service delivery, the staff and center operations are monitored by the Project Management Unit at one hand; and at the other the feedback of beneficiaries is acquired on behalf of Chief Minister Punjab. He stated that over 99% beneficiaries have not only expressed their satisfaction but their gratitude towards Government for providing them such facility. However few of them had expressed their reservations over the legal fee for Fard be-

ing high in the cases when a piece of land falls within large number of khatoonis. Senior Member Board of Revenue further said that, keeping in view the beneficiaries and incompliance of directions by the Chief Minister Project management Unit Board of Revenue Punjab has made the process of getting fard easily and the legal fee of Fard has been reduced to Rupees 150 for brief extracts. The directions have been conveyed to the District Administrations all over Punjab vide notification no 786-2014/270-LR-II dated 13-052014.

Junior clerks get appointments letters

Pakistan hosting 1.6m registered Afghan refugees

and Secondary Education, Muhammad Atif on Wednesday distributed appointment letters among 44 newly appointed junior clerks here at archives hall and hoped that the successful candidates would work honestly. He said the KP government was seriously endeavoring to uphold merit in appointments. He said injustice was the basic reason of all problems confronted by country as well as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.He said the PTI led government under the dynamic leadership of Imran Khan was giving employment to people on merit for establishing a good society and a prosperous Pakistan. He said this step would ensure eradication of injustice and sense of deprivation among the people. Muhammad Atif said the appointment of junior clerks on merit was need of the hour adding that the 44 junior clerks had been appointed out on merit out of 5000 candidates. He said that Imran Khan had instructed the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government to uphold merit in employing people to reform the system. He directed all government departments to ensure merit and transparency while making appointments in their respective departments and do not give heed to recommendations of MPAs and MNAs and other officials.—APP

still hosting over 1.6 million registered Afghan refugees, the largest and most protracted refugee population in the world. Since March 2002, the United Nationas High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) has facilitated the return of almost 3.8 million registered Afghan refugees from the country. According to an UNHCR document, in all, there are 2.6 million Afghan refugees worldwide, the majority hosted in Pakistan. UNHCR’s operation in Pakistan is complex and faces serious resource mobilization challenges in a context of frequent emergencies related to both conflicts and natural disasters.—APP

OBSERVER REPORT ISLAMABAD—A spokesman PESHAWAR—Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister for Elementary I SLAMABAD —Pakistan is of Radio Pakistan described CHITRAL: Women dancing during the ‘Joshi Chilim Josht’ spring festival at Kalash Valley on Wednesday.

UoP, China Shandong varsity ink MoU for PhD split programme

KP Governor lauds lawyers’ role in independence of judiciary

PESHAWAR—Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Gover- examples to be imbued to follow for socioP ESHAWAR —University of nor Sardar Mahtab Ahmad Khan Wednes- economic uplift of the country. Peshawar (UoP) and Shandong University has inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for starting of PhD Split Programme and Establishment of Chinese language Centre at UoP. In a step to implement the vision 2020 for internalization of higher education institutions in Pakistan, the UoP and Shandong University of Science and Technology have reached an agreement for starting of PhD split programme, said a press release of UoP on Wednesday. The agreement which would remain effective for three years was signed by Vice Chancellor, UoP, Prof Dr Muhammad Rasul Jan and President Shagdong University, Prof Dr Ren Tingqi in a ceremony held in Shangdong China ( Monday).—APP

day paid rich tribute to lawyers’ community for the role and sacrifices rendered for institutional development, independence of judiciary and promotion of democratic norms. He said lawyers played an important role in strengthening of social values on judicious grounds and freedom of expression of the people. Addressing the District Bar, Charsadda after administering oath of the office to its newly elected office bearers, the Governor highlighted in detail the prevailing state of circumstances both social and economic points of views in the country. He said the lawyer community should have to struggle to restore the positive customs, cultural values and congenial environment which have been damaged because of certain difficult circumstances of past. The Governor also appreciated spirit of professional commitment, courage and patriotism of common policemen who performed their duties despite having clear realization of threats to life. He said all this which the policemen have been rendering are meant to protect the lives of citizens and also are the golden

Referring to Federally Adminiterated Tribal Areas (FATA), he said immediate measures are required to make arrangements and tailor necessary policies about its uplift. Referring to the certain points raised by the newly elected President of the bar, Muhammad Altaf Khan Advocate, the Governor promised to take necessary steps for construction of lawyers chambers in the under construction new district judicial complex. He also announced a grant of Rs.1 million to enable the bar in meeting its immediate needs of strengthening library and renovation. Commissioner, Peshawar, Munir Azam Khan and the other senior government officials were also present on the occasion, besides the office bearers of the Peshawar High Court Bar Association and lawyer community of the district and all the Tehsil bar councils of Charsadda and Tangi. Earlier, the Governor administered the oath of the office to Muhammad Altaf Khan Advocate, Inamullah Jan Advocate and Saifullah Khan Advocate as President, Vice President and General Secretary respectively.—APP

Army’s Morale A letter from a veteran soldier, now in UK Dear Editor, I KEEP myself abreast with the news from Pakistan, but of late I feel very disappointed watching the ‘Talk Shows’ on most Pakistani TV channels and as a retired soldier the recent issue in which the ISI is being dragged has been particularly frustrating for me. Pakistan today is at the cross roads of internal and external war and our leaders particularly the selfColonel (Retd) proclaimed champiShushil Kumar ons of ‘Democracy’ Tressler need to understand the much needed ‘Spirit and Support’ on which the Army depends to undertake its obligations in war. The British Prime Minister Winston Churchill emphasised this need in no uncertain terms through a letter written on the eve of ‘Battle of Britain’ the name given to the Second World War air campaign waged by the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) against the United kingdom during the summer and autumn of 1940. This reiterates the above contention, and Winston Churchill directs that those who indulge in expressions of loose and ill-digested opinion in their circles and are found consciously exercising a disturbing or depressing influence and whose talk is calculated to spread alarm and despondency must be reported and if necessary removed. Our politicians must learn to respect the sensitivities of the soldiers and one of the most important aspect in the cohesion of the Army is known as Morale. It is a spirit that becomes dominant in the individual and also in the group. Whether the soldier has physical comforts or suffers physical hardships may be a factor but is seldom the determining factor in making or unmaking his morale. A cause

known and believed in; the individual’s confidence and pride in himself, his comrades (past or present), his leaders; are brought to life by ‘Esprit de corps’ meaning literally “Spirit of Corps” or “Spirit of Body” in English language. It denotes a strong shared team spirit, mutual solidarity and fellowship, sense of duty, and devotion to a cause among the members of a group. It is a phrase that sits alongside the core values Honour, Courage, and Commitment as a living, breathing, entity that is not only the fighting spirit but the pride for the unit, service branch, and country, and the devotion and loyalty to the other members of the unit they serve with and this mutual respect and co-operation, combine to weld a seasoned fighting force capable of defending the nation. I pray that this message be conveyed to our Prime Minister through the columns of your Newspaper so

that he like Winston Churchill can also direct concerned quarters to re-

as unfounded, concocted and against the facts, a report appearing in a section of the press that Radio Pakistan management has decided to drop its day time bulletins in regional languages including Punjabi, Seraiki, Sindhi, Pushto, Balochi, Kashmiri, Balti and Shina. In a statement in Islamabad, the spokesman clarified that Radio Pakistan management is well aware of its mandate of dissemination of information to the people. However, some elements are busy in circulating such speculative reports so as to malign the organization and create unrest among the employees.The spokesman regretted that the concerned reporter did not bother to know facts or the stand of radio administration on this issue. The claim that this decision will render the contractual employees jobless also reveals ignorance of the reporter. It is further clarified that Radio Pakistan already airs no bulletin in Balochi, Kashmir and Balti languages in day hours. Instead, all the regional bulletins put on air in peak hours in the morning and evening, and their popularity can be well gauged from the feedback from the listeners.

One dies , 2 injured in road mishap K HANEWAL —A youth was killed while two others sustained serious injuries in a road accident near Pul Ranghu here on Wednesday. According to police, Farrukh (20), Imran (25) and an unknown (24) were riding a motorcycle when a rashly driven truck hit their two- HYDERABAD: Members of Sindh Arts Council holding a demonstration against the wheeler near Pul Ranghu in kidnapping of Nasreen Niaz. precincts of Sadar Kabirwala police station.—APP

Another milestone move by Akhuwat KHALID BUTT

T

frain from indulgence in such matters. With kind regards, Colonel (Retd) Shushil Kumar Tressler

HE leading Shariah-compliant ‘No Interest’ Microfinance non governmental organisation in the world, Akhuwat reached another milestone by launching its latest initiative, “Akhuwat Cloth Bank” that will further its objective of connecting the haves of the society with the havenots. The launch ceremony of Akhuwat Cloth Bank was held here on at Akhuwat’s head office in Township. In this manner Akhuwat solidified its promise of helping alleviate poverty in Pakistan. Through this initiative decent clothing and accessories will be provided to poverty stricken households after collection of donations, and putting them through a process that includes sorting, matching, mending, drycleaning and ironing so that the recipients’ needs are fulfilled in a dignified manner. The entire process from postcollection to delivery involves KhawajaSiras, providing these discards of society gainful employment. From concept to initiation with the launch at Lahore—to be followed by towns and cities big and small across the country—the project has taken all of four months and a half.

This reflects the inventiveness and efficiency of Akhuwat staff and volunteers in translating an idea into a workable model. The ceremony was presided by the Vice Chancellor of Punjab University, Dr. Mujahid Kamran and attended by a large number of prominent philanthropists, social sector NGO representatives and a sizable

number of print and electronic media. Dr. Muhammad Amjad Saqib, the visionary founder of Akhuwat, reiterated the values that drive the organization, and have in a short span of 13 years turned it into a force to reckon with. Recounting Akhuwat’s contribution not merely in Interest-Free Microfinance that has transformed the fortunes of half a million families so far, but also in a diverse

range of social sector initiatives, including health and education among many others, Dr Amjad Saqib said, he was confident that drawing on the goodwill of a very large section of society, Akhuwat Cloth Bank shall also be a major success. “Akhuwat looks forward to continue its mission of societal change and transformation by finding solutions to our problems from within, by sensitizing and energizing the affluent sections of the society to feel for their less well-endowed brethren,” said Dr Amjad Saqib. Dr Mujahid Kamran appreciated the initiative: “Just a look at it, and I am positive that this project has the potential to grow by leaps and bounds, and fulfill the needs of those who otherwise are at the mercy of the vagaries of weather. The beauty of the idea is in its simplicity and combined with Akhuwat’s by now well recorded efficiency while implementing its projects, this looks like a winner. I am already feeling the surge of happiness in people whom this programme is likely to serve”. Dr. Mujahd Kamran, Dr. Amjad Saqib, Prof. Humayun Ihsan, Heera Sahib, Abubakar Siddique, and other notable guests at launch of “Akhuwat Cloth Bank” in Lahore.


Rs15031.201m Punjab developmental schemes approved SALIM AHMED LAHORE—The Punjab government on Wednesday has approved 10 development schemes of different development Sectors with an estimated cost of Rs: 15031.201 million. These schemes were approved in the 43rd meeting of Provincial Development Working Party of current fiscal year 2013-14 presided over by the Punjab Planning and Development Board Chairman, Muhammad Irfan Elahi, says P&D Spokesman. Provincial Secretary P&D Arif Anwar Baloch, members of the Planning & Development Board, Provincial Secretaries concerned and other senior representatives of the relevant Provincial Departments also attended the meeting. According to Spokesman P&D, the approved development schemes PESHAWAR: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Chief Minister Pervez Khattak chairing meeting on Agriculture Development on Wednesday.

KP faces budget deficit of Rs22b: Siraj

Youth conference for physical therapy held

included: Upgradation of DHQ Hospital Sahiwal (Provision of Missing Specialties) as A Teaching Hospital, Sahiwal at the cost of Rs. 3638.910 million, Engagement of Consultant for Islamic Development Bank’s (IDB) Assistance for Government of Punjab Interest Free Self Employment Scheme (PC-II) at the cost of Rs. 4.500 million, Feasibility Study of A Pilot Project for Inland Waterways Transport (IWT) in Punjab for the Pilot Reach between Daudkhel to Attock (PC-II) at the cost of Rs. 60.000 million, Lining of Bucherkahana Disty RD 66+500 to 225+475 Tail, Lahore at the cost of Rs. 557.59 million, Lahore Ring Road (Package-07) Construction of Interchange at Airport Access Road at the cost of Rs. 2985.675 million, Construction of Flyover on G.T. Road in Gujranwala at the cost of Rs.

3938.464 million, Construction of road on Empress Bund from National Highway N-5 (km No.844) near Highway Bridge Over River Sutlej towards Lashkar Di Goth in Km No. 6 of Jhangiwala Road in District Bahawalpur (length:9.30 km) District Bahawalpur (Revised) at the cost of Rs. 643.753 million, Widening / Improvement of road from Hasilpur to Bahawalnagar (length:80.00 Km) District Bahawalpur / Bahawalngar at the cost of Rs. 1986.441 million, Widening / Improvement / Construction of road from 18-Hazari to Fatehpur, Length 94.00 km in District Jhang / Layyah (Revised) at the cost of Rs. 993.079 million and Widening / Improvement of road from Mianwal Ranjha to Saida via Qadirabad length=17.00 kms District Mandi Bahauddin at the cost of Rs. 222.789 million.

Isolated rain likely at few places

H Y D E R A B A D —The Insti- ISLAMABAD—Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD

Result of recounting of PS-27 votes announced

of Physiotherapy and on Wednesday forecast mainly hot and dry weather across N AWA B S H A H —The final PESHAWAR—Senior Minis- Siraj-ul-Haq has said that total federal divisible pool of under the formula of NFC, tute Rehabilitation Sciences, the country during the next 24 hours with chances of iso- result of re-counting of redue to unilateral variation in resources the already bud- the share of the provinces ter Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,

get starved province is facing a deficit of Rs.22 billion. Addressing a press conference here in the Cabinet Room of Civil Secretariat on Wednesday, he said that in the beginning of the financial year, the Federal Finance Ministry have estimated the total volume of divisible receipts at Rs.2475 billion under which the province was due to receive a share of about Rs.222.093 billion. Siraj-ul-Haq, who also holds the portfolio of finance in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa cabinet said that budget was also prepared on the basis of the same estimates. However, he said payments during the current financial year remained below the target. Similarly, he said federal government from time to time also cut down the target of total divisible receipts several times without taking provinces into confidence. He said that some time it was unilaterally fixed at Rs.2345 billion, Rs.2270 billion and at last at Rs.2229 billion. The provincial finance minister said that the matter was also taken up in the meeting of National Finance Commission (NFC) held in Islamabad with Federal Minister for Finance, Ishaq Dar in the chair and stressed for immediate resolution of the matter. It was brought in the notice of participants that

in total divisible pool is 57.5 per cent and population basis the share of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is 14.62 per cent while in head of war on terror its share in total divisible receipts is 1 per cent, which is 1.8 per cent of the total share of the province is still outstanding. Similarly, he said the total share of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in federal divisible pool is 8.97 per cent of the receipts. He said that federal finance minister has assured to take into consideration severe problems faced by the province. However, as the financial year is near conclusion. Therefore, further progress on the request of the province would be difficult. Siraj-ul-Haq said that the provincial government under Finance Act 2013 have decided the imposition of Infrastructure Development Cess and for its implementation have finalized all legal and administrative measures. But, due to objections raised by federal government it could not be implemented. In the recent meeting, he said federal government has assured that all outstanding matters would be resolved soon and all hurdles in the levy of Cess would also be removed with immediate effect, which he said help generate maximum receipts for the province.—APP

Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences (LUMHS) Jamshoro arranged a youth conference for Physical Therapy Awareness with the theme Movement for Life here on Wednesday. Addressing participants the Pro-Vice Chancellor LUMHS Prof. Muneer Ahmad Junejo said that Physiotherapists manage and prevent many physical problems caused by illness, disease, sport and work related injury, aging, and long periods of inactivity. He said that Physiotherapy is a health care profession which assists people to restore, maintain and maximize their strength, function, movement, and overall well-being. He further said that the physiotherapists have indepth knowledge of how the body works and specialized hands-on clinical skills to assess, diagnose, and treat symptoms of illness, injury and disability. Physiotherapists often work in teams with other health professionals to help meet an individual’s health care needs. Students from PUMHS Nawabshah, Isra University , Baqai Medical University , Ziauddin University , Dow University , Indus Medical College and JPMC participated in the conference.—APP

lated rain thunderstorm at few places. According to the synoptic situation, a shallow low was lying over north Balochistan and adjoining areas. A shallow westerly trough was also prevailing over northern most parts of the country. Isolated rain thunderstorm is likely at Malakand, Hazara, Rawalpindi divisions, Islamabad, Kashmir, Gilgit Baltistan during the next 24 hours. The highest maximum temperatures recorded during the last 24 hours were Turbat 42 C, Sukkur, Jaccobabad 45 C and Shaheed Benazirabad 45 C. The maximum temperatures recorded in the other cities were Skardu 22 C, Rawalpindi 35 C, Quetta 30 C, Peshawar 36 C, Muzaffarabad 35 C, Murree 21 C, Multan 39 C, Lahore 37 C, Karachi 37 C, Islamabad 34 C, Gilgit 29 C, Faisalabad 39 C and Hyderabad 44 C.—APP

Police foil suicide bid MULTAN—The local police foiled a suicide bid by a woman at the high court Chowk here on Tuesday. A cantonment police officer said that Saeed Mai r/o Dunyapur had reached high court Chowk in Multan along with her relatives and attempted to set fire to herself by using petrol. Police deployed there, however, acted swiftly and snatched petrol and match box from the woman before she could use them. The woman informed the police that a Lumberdar Yousuf and Patwari Saleem wanted to illegally occupy her 10-marla plot and got false cases registered against her. Police then took the woman to CPO office from where she was guided to the office of Anti Corruption Establishment for filing of her complaint.—APP

jected votes of PS-27 Taluka Sakrand was announced Wednesday according to which Syed Zain Shah of Sindh United Party received ten votes while PPP MPA Ghulam Qadir Chandio received 7 votes. The recounting of rejected votes was ordered by Election Tribunal Sukkur on the application of Syed Zain Shah. In his application, Shah prayed that his votes were intentionally wasted during general elections held on May 11, 2013. The hearing on behalf of Election Tribunal was heard by Returning Officer and First Additional Sessions Judge where 3,419 rejected votes of 127 polling stations were re-verified. During re-verification 17 votes were found correct out of which 10 votes went to applicant Syed Zain Shah and seven votes went to Ghulam Qadir Chandio. In close contest during general elections Ghulam Qadir Chandio was polled 41,458 votes while Syed Zain Shah had received 32,120 votes.—APP

Unhygienic cold drinks spreading diseases HYDERABAD —The sale of fictitious cold drinks being prepared in poor hygienic conditions is one of the major causes for seasonal diseases among children during summer. One can find numerous stalls of such drinks in streets, outside schools and colleges, hospitals as well as bus terminals, bazaars, shopping centres, other public places and most of the poor get attracted towards these drinks due to their low prices. Eminent paediatrician Dr Salma Shaikh talking to APP on Wednesday said that the situation aggravates in summer as hot weather forces people to take drinks. She warned that fictitious and substandard drinks may cause diseases like typhoid, hepatitis, diarrhea different kinds of infections and tonsillitis. She claimed that the ratio of these diseases increased to around 60 per cent in

summer because of unhygienic food and drinks. She suggested that the government immediately impose ban on the sale of unhygienic cold drinks outside schools. She also advised people to avoid taking these spurious drinks from roadside stalls and suggested that they use only boiled filtered or mineral water. Meanwhile, a survey revealed the fact that many vendors are selling juices of stale oranges at low prices particularly near railway stations and bus stands. MANSEHRA: Inspector General of Police Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Nasir Durrani adMajority of the juice vendors do not dressing police personnel at Police Lines during his visit. observe any safety standards. Moreover, drinks are sometimes sold in re-used bottles. The residents of Hyderabad City, Qasimabad and Latifabad have appealed to the authorities concerned to take stern action against people who are playing with the health of poor people.—APP

MULTAN: PTI workers celebrating PEMRA decision cancelling the licence of Geo TV channel on Wednesday.


Of those whose assets are abroad

MEDIA WATCH

Another coup in Thailand

I

N a case that is pending for the last 18 years, the Lahore High Court on Tuesday directed its registrar office to serve notices on 26 top politicians of the country through proclamation in newspapers requiring them to appear before the court to submit their point of views on their alleged assets abroad. Interestingly, the list includes prominent names like Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, Shahbaz Sharif, former Presidents Asif Ali Zardari and Pervez Musharraf and Chaudharys of Gujrat. ` The issue has two aspects — one that these 26 politicians have assets abroad and second they are not bothered to even appear before the court to clarify their position. This raises serious questions about rule of the law and respect for the judiciary. One has to wait and see the outcome of this petition on the issue but one thing is certain that these and similar other issues lead to erosion of confidence in and respect for politicians and the leadership. The issue of assets and wealth abroad is hammered out after regular intervals but those who are named in the process remain unmoved irrespective of the plight of the country or their own image in the eyes of the people. In our view, first of all it should be ensured that there is a conducive environment in Pakistan obviating the need for transferring assets abroad. If the security situation is improved in terms of law and order and there are fair and ample opportunities for investment within the country then surely there would be less incentive for dumping your wealth abroad. That the ruling class too has its assets abroad is highly intriguing and unfortunate as they are responsible for rectifying the situation but by transferring their assets abroad they are conveying the impression that the country is not safe for keeping or investing their money. Then there is also question of ill-gotten money, which is deposited in banks abroad especially Swiss financial institutions. It is also worth mentioning that off and on the issue of assets abroad is highlighted by media and courts take notice, prompting general public to think that something concrete was going to happen but latter the issue is swept under the carpet. We would, therefore, urge courts to take all such cases to their logical conclusion to ensure deterrent effect.

More Chinese could be kidnapped P

RIME Minister Nawaz Sharif on Tuesday directed authorities concerned to take measures for recovery of a Chinese tourist from Dera Ismail Khan. This time, TTP has claimed responsibility for the dastardly act saying the Chinese national was in their ‘safe custody’ and is meant for swapping of their prisoners. By kidnapping national of a country that always stood by Pakistan, Taliban have done harm to no one but themselves as no Pakistani can entertain or approve the idea of meting out such treatment to any Chinese national. Security situation in Pakistan is volatile and that is why tourists rarely venture to undertake tour of any part of the country especially KPK and in this backdrop we salute Chinese tourists for their courage and it is duty of both the government and people of Pakistan to provide necessary security to them. It is, however, to be pointed out that this is not the only incident of its kind as in the past as well Chinese nationals especially engineers and technicians working on important developmental projects were kidnapped and even killed. These incidents were linked to attempts by forces inimical to growing Pak-China friendship as they wanted to create misunderstanding between the two countries. There are reasons to believe that some powers were not happy over rapidly increase Chinese influence in Pakistan and in other parts of the world and they conspire to create hurdles in the way of magnanimous Chinese diplomacy and world vision. We would, therefore, urge the authorities concerned to evolve a foolproof mechanism to ensure safety of Chinese nationals so that they could continue their developmental activities with complete peace of mind. Chinese have the capacity and tolerance to absorb such shocks and with this in view we hope that the Chinese government would read things in their real perspective frustrating designs of those who want to spoil bilateral relations between Pakistan and China.

Libya becomes more soft W

HAT is happening in Libya is understandable as the country has been in a state of turmoil since the intervention of foreign forces. Armed groups across Libya have been compounding the problems of a government struggling to acquire legitimacy and impose its authority; the planned new Constitution is yet in the embryonic state and the country has had three Prime Ministers since March. This is the result of foreign intervention to dislodge a government for the attainment of certain objectives but creating insurmountable problems for the ordinary Libyans. Now loose alliances of former fighters in Libya are lining up against each other. Forces loyal to a renegade General Khalifa Haftar, reportedly having links to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and claiming to have a mission to save Libya, have carried out attacks on militias in Benghazi and stormed the Parliament building in the capital Tripoli. Haftar says he wants to rid the country of extremist groups and the terrorist scourge. Haftar was once an ally of former leader Muammar Gaddafi but turned against him and supported the revolution. Libya’s fragile government faces a spreading armed rebellion as an Air Force base in the east of the country joined up with the renegade former general. In view of the prevailing situation the United States has moved four more aircrafts from Spain to Sicily along with marines so as to evacuate US embassy staff if needed. Washington has viewed the growing power of Islamists in Libya with alarm, especially the kidnapping of the Jordanian ambassador by gunmen in Tripoli and his release in return for Jordan freeing a Libyan in jail on terrorism charges. Saudi Arabia said it was closing its embassy and Tunisia and Algeria announced they were sending reinforcements to their borders with Libya. So there is total chaos, the country has become soft and divisive forces are stronger. One can say that after the assassination of Col Kadhafi, leaving aside the question whether he was a builder or destroyer, the polarization has gone to the extent that clouds of uncertainty are thickening. Therefore, we would stress that foreign interventions, in any part of the world, have proved disastrous and should come to an end and self correcting mechanism be allowed to take its course.

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Afghanistan’s strategic backyard would not bring the muchsought peace to the country the region. A recent reLaura Schuurmans and port by The International CriEmail:schuurmans.laura@gmail.com sis Group states that the Uzbek and Tajiks, who are in control of provincial governHE US and NATO have in ments, have not reached out to the dicated that they will com impoverished Pashtuns who lack bapletely withdraw their sic infrastructure, potable water, and forces in 2014 if they do not sign electricity. Ethnic rivalry among the a bilateral security agreement ethnic tribes has created obstacles to (BSA) with the former and a sta- the peace process, and different factus of forces agreement with the tions within the Taliban are fighting latter. The final presidential can- against each other. Lastly, rampant didates of Afghanistan have corruption, opium growth and a lack pledged that they would sign a of overall development have reBSA and SOFA necessary for pro- mained of serious concern. viding legal cover to the U.S. and Peace in Afghanistan does go NATO for their future military through the Valleys of Kashmir. presence on Afghan soil. However, This is one important factor that has we have a serious problem if Af- been overlooked like other threats ghanistan is left to its own designs to the war torn country. In recent and at the mercy of Taliban, al years the U.S. has enjoyed increasQaeda, their affiliates and their ing trade, security, and nuclear coother criminals who use their brand operation with India. The U.S. has names. While more than a decade been mending its relations with ago western forces thought they Pakistan after long pointing a fincould impose a sophisticated style ger at Pakistan for not doing enough of democracy on a country with a and having to do more in the “war population that is known for its an- on terror”. After Osama Bin Laden cient old tribal traditions, the Af- and his allies crossed Tora Bora into ghan tribal society has now been Waziristan, tens of thousands of divided more than ever. troops have since been stationed on Firstly, alienation and Pakistan’s western border to conmarginalization of the Pashtuns tain the terrorist threat and fight will have grave consequences. Al- against the Afghan insurgency in though the Pashtuns form the larg- order to bring back stability to the est ethnic group at 55% of the world’s most volatile region. In population, they have been gradu- their brave struggle against the ally sidelined through a well-or- growing instability threat, hundreds chestrated design that includes of Pakistani soldiers have lost their fudging of census data to make lives in America’s war. other ethnic minorities like Tajiks Thousands of innocent Pakiappear as their equals. Pashtuns stani civilians, including the young, should have due representation in beautiful, and charismatic Malala the political future of Afghanistan. Yousafzai from Swat region, have They have ruled Afghanistan for become targeted victims of the concenturies and their dissatisfaction flict. WhileMalala survived and has

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been rewarded with international recognition for her deeds, the fate of many others has been bad, and many young women have been buried in silence. The international community has often blamed Pakistan for supporting the Taliban, militant groups, and other affiliated organizations. However,a vast majority in Pakistan upholds and adheres to the values of secularism, as outlined by Pakistan’s founding father Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The core problem of some militant organizations has been rooted in the dispute between India and Pakistan over Jammu and Kashmir to which, after more than six decades of conflict, no sign of a resolution has been in sight. Afghanistan is being used as their strategic backyard.After the U.S. withdrawal, the competition between India and Pakistan over influence in Afghanistan would exacerbate.India appears to be interested in using Afghanistan as another front against Pakistan. However, Islamabad is interested in having a peaceful Afghanistan that does not increase the challenges of fighting militancy and extremism. This can be achieved through economic cooperation, capacity building of their military, and development aid to lift the Afghan people from poverty. Peace cannot be achieved in Afghanistan unless all warring factions do not seek it. After all, the questions remains – and that nobody is talking about - as to why India had to open twelve Consulates along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border. No other country has such a presence close to the border. Pakistan will never allow itself to be encircled by India from Afghanistan. Pakistan, in fact, has claimed that those Indian Consulates have

been used as a hub to destabilize Pakistan, of which the repercussions are yet to be seen after U.S. withdrawal in 2014. While any sort of development assistance could theoretically contribute to regional peace and security, ongoing competition of Indian and Pakistani forces in Afghanistan will be counterproductive in the on-going peace efforts. The international think tanks like the International Crisis Group churn out numerous papers regarding the problems in Afghanistan but have no recommendation or reference regarding the Kashmir conflict, which is the mother of all problems in the region. After fighting for more than a decade in Afghanistan, international coalition forces, politicians, and strategic planners appear to have been oblivious of the underlying issue of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region that has been the root cause of the antagonistic relations between India and Pakistan. Peace in Afghanistan, however, does go through the Valleys of Kashmir, and as long as the world remains oblivious of this fact, Afghanistan will remain a serious threat to regional peace and security. The U.S. may wish to continue to court India for its vested business interests, and India may be of geopolitical and geostrategic importance as the U.S. has diverted its focuses to the Asia-Pacific region, one step forward towards a Kashmiri resolution will be one major step ahead in the regional peace process from which the entire globe will benefit. —The writer, a Jakarta-based research analyst, writes exclusively for Pakistan Observer.

Mr Khan! Let’s have a candid talk case. It may be asked why in the first instance Dr Khalil Ahmad these cases were taken up, and how they fitted Emal:khalilkf@gmail.com in with your total political outlook and the PTI’s political philosor Khan now be serious! phy, if any. In the same vein, it may be Somehow the circum stances have made you a asked why the PTI and you have political leader. Now you lead a gone for a tirade against a mediapolitical party, which has a con- house. What political gain will it siderable following; no matter bring to the PTI is not clear? Conwhich class or classes it consists trary to it, it tells about the of. The followers of your party, untrustworthiness of your political they are all Pakistanis, and enjoy acumen. As a matter of political the same political choices as the grounding, every politician keeps followers of other political parties his / her eyes focused on the indo. It was just non-serious and out tended and unintended conseof sync when recently you spoke quences of his statements as well in Islamabad, and said, ‘I was bor- as his / her actions; he / she knows ing; New Pakistan was not any- if he / she says “Yes” to something, where on the scene coming into at the same time he / she means being. Then I thought something “No” to something. So by targethad to be done.’ Regarding this, ing a media house, you have exyou need to ask yourself: Is it po- posed your siding with the seculitical? Is there in politics anything rity agencies. That’s the politics of like boring, and that it exhorts you the moment which even a novice to do something, such as organiz- politician knows well. Mr. Khan, ing rallies and doing “political you know your recent outbursts, fun.” regardless of the fact whether it It’s quite a pertinent question has been caused by some personal that must be put to you and you injury to you or it’s a matter of must answer it clearly; no hanky- PTI’s policy, have earned you and panky, please! What you and your your party a negative rating, even party, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, in the eyes of those who voted for stand for. As it may not be a dif- your party. Mr. Khan, have a moficult task to see what other par- ment of reflection and calculate ties stand for. But, mind it, it’s what your party is gaining out of next to impossible to decipher it. So, be it known to you that what you and your party stand for. What’s the unique message you whatever you say and do is politihave set up a new political party cal and has political implications; to deliver? Here are two issues i.e. it will earn you some voters you and your party took up just and at the same time lose some for nothing, and, it appears, then voters. So be so gracious to yourleft them as they were, just for self and to your party so as to make nothing. Raymond Davis case; an estimate of political loss and and the Nato-supply blockade gain before you go for anything.

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Let’s come back to the point: what is it the PTI stand for. Ah, you might retort, ‘we stand for a welfare state!’ Fine, that’s a good answer. But you see all other parties want Pakistan to be a welfare state. How your party is different from them? Or, you see that your party is not a notch different from other political entities! So, is your party belong to the same ilk? Or if different, kindly prove that by your actions: this is how in thinking and in practice you are not like the lot of the politicians the citizens of Pakistan are having and tolerating! Do something that brings credibility to your views and actions, and makes you stand out of the crowd. Mr. Khan, try to reflect why you so often change your positions. Or if you change your position, try to make others understand why you changed it! That will make you credible! Also, Mr. Khan, political positions once taken should not be altered on whimsical grounds. Your followers and others are rational beings; they have every right to question you on your changing of your stances regularly. But, then again, the question is what political position you or PTI has taken that you both stand for over a long term perspective. That aims at trying to understand what unique identity PTI possesses and you enjoy as its lone leader. And that means what political contribution you and your party is capable of making to the polity of Pakistan. And that amounts to asking also how you and the PTI may be able to partake in the political evolution of Pakistan. Yes, Mr. Khan! that implies a negative judgment too. In case, you and your PTI has no program which may

push forward the political and constitutional evolution of Pakistan, what else you and your party is in the political arena for then. Let it be clarified here that political and constitutional evolution is what nations and countries strive for and they strive for it so that the citizens are free to enjoy fruits of their talent and efforts, their lives and their freedoms. Or would you mind enlightening the electorate, what else is there you and your party has in store for the hapless people of this country! Mr. Khan, be positive and try to give the electorate something they may be proud of, such as dignity of their persons and selfrespect, which other political parties do not have on their agenda; and mind that for this to achieve one do not need to be a prime minister, or in the government. For this to achieve, you and your party needs to do politics with responsibility by espousing and following certain principles. For instance, while in opposition in the center you and the PTI may opt for exposing the merciless day-to-day exploitation of the ordinary citizens by the machinery of the state of Pakistan, which you are so eager to be chief executive of. And you and the PTI, while in power in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhawa, should exemplify this is how the provincial machinery facilitate the citizens with due respect instead of degrading and exploiting them. But, for this to achieve, you and the PTI need to get your act together; try to do it. Best of luck, Mr Khan! —The writer is Lahore-based political analyst and author of several books.

ENERAL Prayuth Chanocha, chief of the Thai army, is at pains to explain he did not stage a coup at 3 a.m. Tuesday morning. The imposition of martial law, he says, is merely an intervention to restore order and break the deadlock between the elected government and royalist protesters. Acting Prime Minister Niwatthamrong Boonsongphaisan remains officially in charge. That’s laughable, as Gen. Prayuth showed when reporters asked about the status of the government. “And where is this government?” he joked. It’s a telling quip. Mr. Niwatthamrong has not held true power since the Constitutional Court removed Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra and nine of her ministers earlier this month. Now the army has given itself unlimited powers for an indefinite period. Sure sounds like a coup. Moreover, there is no public safety justification for the generals’ action. Thailand may be wracked by political conflict, but it remains largely peaceful. Even when protesters derailed a general election in February, the troops stayed in their barracks. If there is a political vacuum in Bangkok, the army and other elite-controlled institutions created it. So why did Gen. Prayuth act now? One clue is the way Mr. Niwatthamrong has gone on calling for new elections later this year. The military and the aristocracy need to close off that possibility. Once elections are on hold, Thai elites, represented by the anti-democratic Democrat Party, can engage the elected Puea Thai party in talks to force it to accept “reforms” that will further neuter the power of future governments. If that fails, they can appoint a caretaker government to write a new constitution, as they did after the last coup in 2006. In other words, the protest movement led by former Deputy Prime Minister Suthep Thaugsuban over the last six months has succeeded. It demanded that the elected government be removed from power and institutional changes be carried out before new elections were held. The 2007 constitution was already bad enough. It created a partially appointed Senate and empowered non-democratic institutions controlled by the aristocracy to threaten the elected government. But after Ms. Yingluck was elected in 2011, she proved it was possible for a populist government to sidestep these controls, at least for several years. With time she might have succeeded in neutralizing them. A series of missteps last year created an opening for Mr. Suthep’s street movement. Thailand’s elites realize their stranglehold on the country’s resources is slipping away, so they want to impose more restrictions on an already rigged democracy. This will provoke a backlash from the government’s “red shirt” supporters in the north, which would be disastrous for the country. In 2010, supporters of Ms. Yingluck’s brother, former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, occupied the centre of Bangkok for months. Army snipers killed almost 100 unarmed protesters. Some of the red shirts say this time they are prepared for civil war. That danger scares everybody, but especially investors. First quarter GDP figures show the economy contracted by 0.6% year on year, largely because billions of dollars sit on the sidelines waiting to see if the impasse can be resolved. The only way forward for Thailand is to go back to the voters for a new mandate. Sooner or later the army and aristocracy will have to accept that the populist forces unleashed by the Shinawatra family are here to stay. If they persist in rigging the political system, the anger may become uncontrollable. Extremists on both sides have gained momentum, and closing down their television stations won’t stop them. Statesmen are needed to find a compromise and prevent Thailand from sinking into mob rule. — The Wall Street Journal It is difficult to love mankind unless one has a reasonable private income and when one has a reasonable private income one has better things to do than loving mankind. Hugh Kingsmill —British writer


Internal conflicts & Sangh polity in India Voice of the People Ehsan Mahmud Khan Email:ehsanmkhan@yahoo.com

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ESIDES the largest-in-theworld array of external con flicts, India is also home to the maximum-in-the-world internal conflicts. Ethno-religious fault lines play a predominant role in making a case for homegrown violence in India. The internal conflicts include separatist insurgencies plaguing the country since 1947. An estimated 30 armed insurgencies sweep across India, reflecting an acute sense of alienation of the people involved and sustained mainly by failure to attend to their grievances and human rights violations by the government. There are over 200 armed irregular guerrilla groups of which 68 are major terror outfits. A maximum of 34 armed groups are active in the state of Manipur. Most of the Indian armed groups are homegrown Hindu terrorist organizations. It is another matter that India often propagates against the freedom struggle in the Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK) but mostly sweeps under the carpet the structure and activities of Hindu terror organizations based on the reglio-political motivation. India has proscribed some 36 armed groups. According to the Jamestown Organization (June 4, 2010), there are 100 more terrorist

groups worth proscription. India considered such a case but subsequently deferred it due to the fear of being named a terror ground zero. Instead, it issued a ban list on 100 terror outfits from across the globe, which had no base in India itself. Separatism or independence from India is the key motivation for internal conflicts in most of the cases. The seven north-eastern states, also referred to as the Seven Sisters, to include Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura and Mizoram have the powerful separatist movements spearheaded by some of the most violent armed groups, guided by sub-nationalist political organizations. Some of them also have governments in exile. The freedom struggle in Kashmir is alive since 1947. A number of Sikh organizations are keeping the case of independent Khalistan alive both at home and abroad. Separatist and autonomist movements exist in several other Indian states, too. The most powerful and fiercest is the 47 years old Maoist-Naxilite insurgency. Taking root in 1967 in the Naxalbari village of West Bengal, it spread across India. According to Global Research, a Centre for Research on Globalization (December 20, 2013), “Since then, the insurgency has spread like wildfire over 40% of India’s land area, encompassing 20 of the

country’s 28 states, including 223 districts (up from 55 in 2003) out of a total of 640. The Maoists wield about 20,000 armed fighters and another 50,000 supporters. The Indian government complains that the insurgency has crippled economic activity in Central and Eastern India.” The Naxilite guerrillas are running a shadow government and courts in the areas under their control. Even the corporate groups and companies of national and international repute are paying taxes levied on them by the Naxilites in these areas. The outgoing Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh termed the Naxilite insurgency as “the single biggest internal security challenge ever faced by India.” It is of note that Sangh Parivar is chiefly responsible for Hindu extremism in addition to violence against the non-Hindu communities in India. No wonders, driven by the ideology of Hindutva, the Sangh Parivar has to have a clear predisposition. That the Parivar is back to the throne of Delhi as a result of 2014-election victory is neither a coincidence nor a political swap over. It bears evidence of a complete politico-ideological metamorphosis of the Indian society thereby pointing to the death of secularism. The Parivar cannot change itself or its dogmas. All that it can do is to transform India and its polity along theocratic lines. This squarely points

to more conflict rather than peace. To quote Dorothy Thompson, a US Journalist (1893 – 1961), “Peace is not the absence of conflict but the presence of creative alternatives for responding to conflict — alternatives to passive or aggressive responses, alternatives to violence.” It remains to be seen whether the Parivar, with simple majority in the 16th Lok Sabha is able to pitch some workable alternatives to violence or be instrumental in breeding more violence. The track record shows the opposite. Frankly, pro-Hindutva means anti-Muslim. Juhapura with a population of 400,000, located in the New West Zone of Ahmedabad in Gujarat, received the brunt in 2002, when over 2,000 Muslims were killed under the chief ministership of Narendra Modi, is reported to be in a state of shock. The followers of Hindutva mockingly call Juhapura the “Little Pakistan.” Alongside Muslims of Gujarat and other states of India, the Scheduled Castes (SCs), the Scheduled Tribes (STs), the marginalized Christine communities of the northeast and the Muslims of the Indian Occupied Kashmir are feared to endure added wrath of the Hindutva forces, and thus the internal conflicts would continue to burden in the Sangh polity. —The writer is a PhD scholar and author of several books.

Modi’s was a poor man’s victory Salahuddin Haider Email:salluhaider@gmail.com

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WO very clearly audible ar guments were heard in Paki stan. Nirender Modi’s election was described more of his own wave, rather than a BJP swing. In effect and looking at the hard life, the incoming Indian prime minister spent for 22 years, selling tea at stalls, washing cars on streets, accepting clerical jobs, he knew poor men’s miseries, and finally galvanized them behind him to reach to the coveted position. It was actually poor man’s victory. The bitter memories that he carries of being away for 22 years from his hometown of Gandhinagar, and of a loiter, has now been rewarded, but will it also lead to something more positive is a crucial question, needing answer. Call it enigmatic or complex, the brute fact re-

mains, that India during its latest elections, saw a new kind of revolution, a revolution, which if persevered with, may change the course of history. Such opportunities were witnessed in Pakistan twice—in 1970 when stalwarts fell to compete against labour leaders, and ordinary peasants, both in the then West Pakistan and Its eastern wing. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Sheikh Mujeebur Rehman both swept the polls, though their victory margins had a yawning gap. Mujeeb’s Awami League’s performance was nothing short of a miracle. He just left two seats for his opponents—of chakma tribe chief, Tridev Rai, and elderly leader Noorul Amin, sweeping the rest of 166 like a tidal wave. Bhutto’s story was different in the Western wing, where bagged 80 plus seats of the total 130 allotted for a house of 300-strong National Assembly. The second revolution rose from hutments in Karachi, and the rest of Sindh’s urban areas in the 1987 mu-

nicipal elections and the subsequent parliamentary polls a year later where Altaf Hussain’s young but brave comrades in an unknown MQM re-wrote history with their courage and conviction. India, like-wise stands on the threshold for new era of its 67-year independent existence. The Modi wave, reflected poor man’s desire to liberate himself from the yoke of corruption that is firmly entrenched, and wanted a change, which has now overtaken the rest of the world. Minuses(or weaknesses) of a teaseller’s son may be numerous, and would indisputably remain on record for long, long years to come. His inability to control the Gujrat riots, in which 1,000 people, mostly Muslims were killed, and then the Thar Express incident, which roasted alive over 300 Muslim travelers to Sindh, plus his well-known hatred for Pakistan, his tough stance on Kashmir, and his desire to amend the no-firstuse of nuclear device, are all a matter

of serious concern for Pakistan, the region, and the world. But all these will have to be treated as past history, or at least kept behind for the time being. Nirender Modi has worked wonders for his Western Indian State of Gujrat, but will now have to face new challenges in rebuilding India’s crashing economy. Since he is dead against corruption, everything will depend on his resolve, and unshaken determination to change the face of his country. He will have to be watched now as to how he fares in coming days, weeks and months. With the help of the teeming millions, 50 percent of which are below poverty line, he obviously seems loaded with enormous challenges. But with the poor on his side, he may well have a date with destiny. The only precondition is that he has to change himself, and present him and his government in an entirely new mould.

Views From Abroad

Pakistan’s misuse of blasphemy laws Ali Sethi

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used to feel my life was too straight, too linear.” The speaker was Junaid Hafeez, a young poet and Fulbright scholar from the south of Pakistan, telling a radio show host in 2011 why he had given up studying medicine for a life in literature. Today, he is in jail on a blasphemy charge that carries the death penalty, and is mourning the lawyer who was murdered earlier this month for defending him. Before his arrest, Hafeez was teaching in the English Department at Bahauddin Zakariya University in Multan, a city in Punjab Province close to where he grew up. His personal charisma and views had won him a following among students, as well as the envious attention of faculty members. One day in 2013, a student affiliated with Islami Jamiat Talaba, a wing of the hard-line Jamaat-iIslami party, accused Hafeez of insulting the Holy Prophet (PBUH) on Facebook. The student had no evidence, but no evidence was needed. Hard-line students soon held a protest crying out for Hafeez’s execu-

tion. University administrators backed away. The police registered a case for blasphemy against Hafeez. They did not ask cybercrime specialists to investigate the accusation, relying instead on a fatwa issued by a seminary. For months Hafeez’s father tried to find a lawyer. Finally he petitioned Rashid Rehman, the 53-year-old special coordinator for the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan in Multan. A legal expert with 20 years of activism, Rehman was known as a go-to lawyer for hopeless causes. Despite the danger, he agreed to take Hafeez’s case. Defending a man accused of blasphemy, Rehman told a reporter in April, was like “walking into the jaws of death.” Those jaws have been open wide since the 1980s, when the military dictator Gen. Muhammad Zia ulHaq updated a set of colonial laws that criminalized “insulting the religion of any class of persons.” General Zia died in an air crash in 1988, but his legacy remains. The blasphemy laws are part of this package. For decades they had been rarely used, with only a handful of cases before the mid-1980s. But General Zia’s amendments opened

the floodgates: More than a thousand cases have been reported since then, according to the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan. Just last week the Punjabi police, prompted by a Sunni extremist, brought blasphemy charges against 68 lawyers. The blasphemy laws can serve just about anyone with a dark design — an angry relative, an envious colleague, a neighbour with his eye on your property. But the greatest beneficiary has been the professional Islamists, who specialize in their application to encroach on both state and society. Pakistan’s Islamist groups have little incentive to reform the blasphemy laws. They have even expanded the understanding of blasphemy so that it now includes any criticism of the laws themselves. This has been achieved by targeting highprofile dissenters, like Salmaan Taseer, a governor of Punjab province, and Shahbaz Bhatti, a federal minister for minorities, who were both assassinated in 2011. And then, just two weeks ago, there was the murder of Rashid Rehman. They closed in on him as mafias do, from all sides. First there were encoded warnings in Urdu

newspapers, describing a lawyer who was out to “hurt himself.” Then there was a press conference in Multan at which a group of sternfaced clerics accused Rehman of trying to make an international issue of the Hafeez case. In April, during Hafeez’s trial, three lawyers for the prosecution told Rehman in front of the judge that by the next hearing he “would not exist.” Rehman’s colleagues at the human rights commission urged the government to provide him with security. They got no help. The ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz party has a history of placating extremist groups, like the Pakistani Taliban, to gain political mileage. On the night of May 7, two young men walked into Rehman’s office near the district courts in Multan, shot him dead in front of his colleagues, and fled into the night. The next morning, almost every newspaper in Pakistan described them as “unidentified individuals.” But what killed Rehman can be identified: It was violent zealotry, aided and abetted by the state. The writer is author of a novel ‘The Wish Maker’. — Courtesy: The New York Times

Hiding his feelings..!

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LUE to a pooch’s love for you lies in its wagging tail!” said an March issue of Current Biology. I stared at my sleeping dog, who woke with a jerk and glared at me, “I felt somebody staring at me,” he growled. “I was,” I said. “You out of work or something?” “Me out of work?” “Yeah that’s the only time you stare vacantly at me with that helpless pleading look!” “I think that’s a very unkind thing to say,” I said.

“So why were you staring at me?” “This article here says a lot about dogs and why they wag their tales!” I said. “Oh horror! Horror!” “Horror?” I asked puzzled. “I’ve got to go out and inform the other dogs,” said my dog rushing to the door, which was locked, “Open the door massa!” “No,” I said. “But I’ve got work to do! I’ve got to tell my friends that finally humans are learning our language, that soon all our actions, our woofs and bow wows will be analyzed and understood!” “When dogs feel positive,” I said reading from the book, “they wag their tail to the right side of their rumps!” “This is terrible!” howled my dog, “we’ve hidden

this for thousands of years!” “And when you have negative feelings.” “We wag to the left,” continued my dog, his tail wagging vigorously to the left. “This is the end of our world!” I stared at my weeping dog, “Why?” I asked are you so upset?” “For thousands of years,” growled my dog, “we could read you humans like a book! We knew your happy moods, your depressions, sulks and melancholic swings, times you wanted to be alone, and times when you needed us to nuzzle you. We learnt about you massa and kept you happy.” “So now we are willing to learn about you,” I said. “When one human studies another, “ said my dog sadly, “its to make more use of the

other! You look for weaknesses, so you can bully! Inadequacies to feel more powerful!” cried my dog and tried desperately to stop his tail wagging to the left. “What are you planning to tell your friends?” “To stop wagging left when unhappy, right when we’re glad, tail straight when we are tense and ears perked up when we love somebody!” “And?’ I asked. “To change,” said my dog sorrowfully, “to learn to hide our feelings; not to be spontaneous! To learn deceit! Otherwise it will be a dog’s life for us!” I watched as my dog went into a corner and tried to wag its tail to the right and not to the left as its mind wanted to. —Email:bobsbanter@gmail.com

Polythene bags harming our society TAHIRA NASEEM

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olythene bags are one of the most basic and essential necessity of people these days. But we are unaware of the havocs being played to the human beings, earth life and environment by these polythene bags. The number of plastic bags used worldwide has been estimated to be around one trillion annually. The use of plastic bags differs dramatically across countries. While the average consumer in China uses only 2 or 3 plastic bags a year, the numbers are much higher in other countries. Thin plastic bags, especially dry cleaning bags, have the potential for causing suffocation. About 25 children in the United States suffocate each year due to plastic bags. It is also harmful for aquatic animals. The plastic bags, which escape the garbage collection process, often end up in streams, which then lead them to end up in the open ocean. Because they float, and resemble a jellyfish, plastic bags pose significant dangers to marine mammals when they enter their digestive tract. Since, the plastic bags cause damage to marine life, litter city streets and contribute to carbon emissions in their manufacturing and shipping, some towns in the United States have begun to ban or restrict the use of plastic bags and alternately they use paper bags. Paper bags don’t harm like polythene bags. In fact they are easy to carry and are harmful neither for children nor for aquatic life. We should, therefore, step up not only for ourselves but also for our beloved country. Our Pakistani government should also ban these polythene bags. —Via email

Smart moves, really? SRH HASHMI Speaking to the media at Lahore Railways Headquarters, the Federal Railways Minister proudly claimed that the financial deficit in the railway sector is declining. He also said that his sector has generated more than Rs 5.27 billion of revenue compared to last year. We know that he lowered the railway fares substantially and the lower fares would have tempted far more people to travel, necessitating increase in trains frequency. So, while quoting revenue, he should also have given the figure of relevant expenditure to enable people to determine whether the increased traffic did leave railways with a net profit or it proved to be just a social service. In these times of steeply-escalating costs all around, even holding fares at their former level would have been a big favour and reducing fares could be a questionable move. And I think what the Railways should really plan for, should not be so much a cutprice journey but a decent, comfortable and, above all, secure travelling, which would cost money. And then he blasted PTI Chairman Imran Khan, saying his job was to stage sit-ins. The Federal Railways Minister sure talks too much and does so incessantly. And he takes up just about any subject, even if it was not even remotely connected with his Ministry. Considering the state that the railway is in, I think he would hardly have time to waste in getting involved in issues not even remotely connected with his Ministry. And Khawaja Saad Rafiq is not the only one indulging in such extra-curricular activities and irrelevant utterances. So, looking around, we find ourselves in quite a disgusting state, and what makes it worse is that we do not even realize the depth of degradation to which we have sunk, with our top leaders treating such disgraceful conduct as ‘smart’ moves. —Karachi

Dummy 5th province of Pakistan PONUM HUMZA Gilgit Baltistan is situated in the northern region of Pakistan. It is highly mountainous. It is the hometown of scenic beauty, house of various cultures and numerous languages. Gilgit region has been given many names like Jewel of Pakistan, Asia’s wonderland and Roof of the world, whereas it is considered to be the paradise when it comes to explaining the beauty of this region. On 1st November 1948, the Republic of Gilgit-Baltistan emerged on the map of the world and survived only for a couple of weeks. The people of the region fought their own war against the tyrannical regime of Dogra Raj and won their freedom. Because of the political circumstances that included a lack of resources, governance skills and political leadership, the victorious freedom fighters opted to accede to Pakistan unconditionally. The people of Gilgit-Baltistan have always been unequivocal in defending their association with Pakistan. Although the region is not a constitutional part of the country, it has never lagged behind any other Province in terms of sacrifices for the sovereignty of the state. The people of Gilgit-Baltistan have never complained about their miseries despite having no right to cast votes, no representation in the National Assembly or senate, and strong sense of deprivation in many other fields whereas other Provinces enjoy Constitutional rights. The people of Gilgit Baltistan are very loyal to Pakistan like in the four wars that Pakistan has fought with India, some of the best soldiers in Pakistan Army were from GilgitBaltistan. They fought for the country despite knowing their Constitutional status. The Kargil War is also an evidence of the love of the people of the region with Pakistan. In 1999,

hundreds of soldiers of the Northern Light Infantry sacrificed their lives and fought in extreme conditions to capture Kargil, Lalak Jan, who fought with extraordinary valour in Kargil and was awarded Pakistan’s highest military honour Nishan-e-Haider, was from Gilgit-Baltistan. Gilgit play a significant role in the economy of Pakistan through tourism (due to its beauty, K2 the second highest mountain), minerals, precious stones and exports of fresh and dry fruit as well as the trade route between Pakistan and China. It is unfortunate that 80% of Pakistanis do not even know the status of Gilgit-Baltistan, although they always speak for the rights of the people of Indian-administered Kashmir and no one talks about Gilgit which is neglected for 65 years. There was no university till 2000 and uptil now no medical college has been found even it have nine districts, has a population around one million and area of approximately 28000 miles. The budget announced for Gilgit is always pea-nuts as compared to other Provinces. While administratively controlled by Pakistan since the first Kashmir war, Gilgit– Baltistan has never been formally integrated into the Pakistani state and does not participate in Pakistan’s constitutional political affairs. On August 29, 2009, the Gilgit–Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order 2009, was passed by the Pakistani cabinet and later signed by the President of Pakistan. The order granted self-rule to the people of Gilgit–Baltistan, by creating, among other things, an elected GilgitBaltistan Legislative Assembly and Gilgit-Baltistan Council. Gilgit– Baltistan thus gained de facto Province-like status, without constitutionally becoming part of Pakistan. Officially, Pakistan has rejected Gilgit– Baltistani calls for integration with Pakistan on the grounds that it would prejudice its international obligations with regard to the Kashmir dispute. Considering the sacrifices and loyalty of the people of GilgitBaltistan and considering the strategic important of the region, it should be given the status of Pakistan’s fifth Province. It is essential that the legislators and policy makers in Pakistan resolve this issue on a priority basis, before there is a sense of deprivation in the region similar to the former East Pakistan. —Islamabad

Impact of toxic substances on women UMAIR, QURATULAIN, MADIHA Having a healthy pregnancy does not only revolve around eating healthy and giving out a good parental care, the environment around is also needed to be safe for both the mother and the baby. Harmful substances and impurities coming along the toxic fumes emanating from vehicular exhausts, can get into the pregnant mother’s body through the nose and mouth and eventually end up damaging a woman’s foetus, thus affecting even the development and birth of the baby. Now the question which pops into everyone’s minds is that how exactly can a woman be affected through air pollution. A research carried out in United States suggests that women who are out in areas with air pollution, such as car exhausts, eventually end up giving a premature birth to their babies. That is why the pregnant women are advised to stay indoors if the area around is unhygienic and unclean. Another study carried out in Krakow, Poland, suggests that a baby’s intelligence is directly affected through these toxic metals which are emitted by cars. The study claims that even when the kids are in their mothers’ womb, their brains are damaged through these toxins, which pregnant women inhale through their nose. However, the pollutants do not only enter the foetus through the nose; in fact, they somehow find a way into the developing foetus and leave out measurable consequences for later life. It is further noted that women who are somehow exposed to these toxic metals eventually end up giving birth to children who have a low birth weight. This research was conducted in Lancet Respiratory Medi-

cine, where they were able to monitor more than 74000 pregnant women. This low weight birth can later become the cause for death and lack of survival in the babies. Even the ones who survive can actually suffer with fatal conditions such as diabetes and heart diseases. As many as 163 chemicals studied are known to be transferred to the foetus and have been linked to poor health outcomes, placing them at risk for birth defects or chronic illnesses later in life. Some of the chemicals detected, such as PCBs, have been banned for over 30 years. Some of these chemicals are also found in breast milk. This means that a baby’s first food is contaminated with industrial chemicals, but breast milk still remains the best form of nutrition for infants. It is also likely for women to have problems with fertility and reproduction later in their life. The exposures of the cells, that form sperm and eggs, to chemicals, during the gestation period can permanently alter these structures and result in infertility that isn’t manifest until several decades later. —Via email

Foreign content on our TV channels SYEDA MEHROZ ZAHRA Media in any country has a significant role to play in the country’s success. It influences on people’s attitude and behaviour. However, the role of Pakistani media has always been debatable. After the decline of our film industry and later the standard of our own TV drama, the Pakistani viewers have to rely on foreign films which are far better than Pakistani films. But these movies impose their culture and traditions on us. This is a kind of slow poisoning of the minds of our younger generations. Similarly, the dark period in our drama industry gave way to Indian drama serials which captured Pakistani viewership with their glamorous dramas. The situation worsened when Turkish dramas started airing on Pakistani channels. Our younger generation especially the women of all ages have become so accustomed to these channels that they rarely miss an episode of drama serials. On the other side our TV channels have failed to fight against the foreign propaganda. Our TV channels were supposed to promote our Islamic traditions and Pakistani culture but unfortunately they started following foreign media content. Although this problem was effectively highlighted by social media but collective efforts are required to stop the cultural invasion. PEMRA should take action to regularize the stream of foreign and dubbed content on national private TV channels. The Government rightly emphasized on self-regulation but this is nowhere to be seen and now even common people are acknowledging that the media must operate within a reasonable framework and under the Code of Conduct which is there as a part of the PEMRA laws and is also a part of the Licence document. PEMRA law and rules are very clear so far as the content regulation of these channels. If, at all, it is necessary to show the foreign content it should be passed through some filters, as provided for in the PEMRA law. It is directly affecting our culture as well as local TV production industry. Nowhere in the world, media is allowed to be used for only sensationalism and glamour that we witness on some of our channels. Pakistan is rich in culture as well as talent. There is just a need to utilize it in the best possible ways to support our industry and sustain it at the best level. —Via email

DISCLAIMER THE articles, columns and letters are published on these pages in good faith. However, the contents of these writings may not necessarily match the views of the newspaper.

—Editor Email:editorial@pakobserver.net


Top Libyan air force official backs rebel general T RIPOLI (Libya)—The top commander of Libya’s air force has announced he backs a renegade general’s offensive against Islamist lawmakers and extremist militias, further building support from the country’s fragmented military for a campaign the government describes as a coup. Col. Gomaa al-Abbani, the chief commander of Libya’s air force, gave a televised address Tuesday night in which he said his forces would back Gen. Khalifa Hifter. Al-Abbani pledged to make a “new Libya a vital player in combating terrorism and violence,” while calling upon all people to support the military. Military units and commanders have made a series of loyalty pledges to Hifter’s “Libyan National Army” and his offensive Friday against Islamist militias in the eastern city of Benghazi. Militias apparently allied to Hifter launched an attack Sunday against Libya’s parliament as his group declared the lawmaking body suspended. Two days later, lawmakers tried to hold a session in an undisclosed location but came under attack by rocket fire. Hours after al-Abbani’s announcement, witnesses said rockets targeted military camps in the capital, Tripoli. The bombings rattled residents but there was no word on casualties. Hifter’s campaign comes as parliament, which saw its mandate expire in February, finds itself split between Islamist and non-Islamist lawmakers. Late Tuesday, non-Islamist lawmakers and voting bloc called the National Forces Alliance issued a statement apparently supporting Hifter, saying Libyans have found themselves “drowning in swamp of terrorism, darkness, killing and destruction.” On Tuesday, Libya’s election commission announced parliamentary elections will be held June 25, a top demand among most Libyans. Since toppling Libya’s dictator Moammar Gadhafi in 2011, successive governments relied heavily on myriad of militias, the heavily armed groups formed around ethnic identity, hometowns and religion that grew out of the rebel factions that toppled Gadhafi. Bringing them under control has been one of the greatest challenges and one they largely failed at as militias have seized oil terminals and even kidnapped a former prime minister seemingly at will. Hifter served as Gadhafi’s military chief of staff, but found himself captured by Chadian forces in the late 1980s. Authorities in Chad later released him and Hifter joined the National Front for the Salvation of Libya, the main Libyan opposition group at the time. Hifter later moved to Virginia and, in interviews with Arab media in the 1990s, described himself as building an armed force with U.S. assistance to “eliminate” Gadhafi and his associates. He returned to Libya and briefly served as a commander of its fledging national army after Gadhafi’s death. In February, he remerged in Libya via a video in which he addressed the nation while wearing his military uniform and standing in front of the country’s flag and a map, proclaiming he intended to “rescue” the nation. Authorities described the video as a coup attempt, though he apparently was never arrested.—AP.

Prince Charles ‘compares Putin to Hitler’

China pivot fuels Eurasian century

LONDON—Prince Charles was

PEPE ESCOBAR

mired in controversy on Wednesday after he reportedly compared the actions of Russian President Vladimir Putin in Ukraine to those of Adolf Hitler. The heir to the throne made the apparently unguarded comment during a trip to a museum in Canada, in conversation with a Polishborn woman who had fled the Nazis as a child. “I had finished showing him the exhibit and talked with him about my own family background and how I came to Canada,” Marienne Ferguson told Britain’s Daily Mail newspaper. “The prince then said: ‘And now Putin is doing just about the same as Hitler’.” Ferguson, now 78, moved President Xi Jinping has warned some Asian nations on Wednesday about strengthening military alliances to counter to Canada with her Jewish family when she was 13. She China, saying this would not benefit regional security. lost relatives in the Holocaust. “I must say that I agree with him and am sure a lot of people do,” she told the newspaper. But she added: “I was very surprised that he made the comment as I know they (the royal family) aren’t meant to say these things, but was very heartfelt and honB E I J I N G —Chinese President Xi Vietnam and the Philippines over maritime in the early 1990s, to try to build clout itest.” boundaries in the South China Sea. in the region and beyond. Russian Jinping appeared to warn some Asian The remark made headBeijing and Tokyo are also at logger- President Vladimir Putin and President nations on Wednesday about strengthening military alliances to counter heads over disputed islands in the East Hassan Rouhani of Iran both attended. lines around the world, and State broadcaster China Central Russian media said it threatChina, saying this would not benefit China Sea. Anti-Chinese violence flared in Viet- Television aired live the arrival of vari- ened to further “complicate” regional security. But he also pledged to peacefully re- nam last week after Chinese state oil com- ous leaders for the meeting, but under- relations between Britain and solve China’s disputes over territory, which pany CNOOC deployed an oil rig 240 km scoring the sensitivity of China’s terri- Moscow. The future king and Putin have intensified in recent years, especially (150 miles) off the coast of Vietnam in torial disputes it cut away from images are both attending commemowaters also claimed by Hanoi. The rig was of Xi shaking hands with the represenin the South and East China Seas. “To beef up military alliances targeted towed there just days after Obama left the tatives from Vietnam, the Philippines rations marking the 70th anniversary of D-Day on June 6th, and Japan. at a third party is not conducive to main- region. although royal aides said no The move was the latest in a series of Xi said a zero-sum, “Cold War” containing common security in the region,” Xi said in a speech, following a period confrontations between China and some cept of security where one country gains formal meeting was scheduled. The prince’s office would when some Asian countries have sought of its neighbors over the potentially oil- at the expense of others would not work. not confirm his remarks but “We cannot just have the security of one to reaffirm their security ties with Wash- and-gas rich South China Sea. Washington has responded with sharp- or some countries while leaving the rest said he would not have inington. During a visit to Asia last month, U.S. ened rhetoric toward Beijing, describing insecure,” Xi said, adding that one should tended to make a political statePresident Barack Obama also sought to a pattern of “provocative” actions by not “seek the so-called absolute security ment. “We do not comment on of itself at the expense of the security of reassure allies such as Japan and the Phil- China. private conversations. But Xi sought to play down concerns about others”. ippines that his long-promised strategic “No country should attempt to domi- we would like to stress that shift towards Asia and the Pacific, widely China’s intentions. China stays commitseen as aimed at countering China’s rising ted to seeking peaceful settlement of dis- nate regional security affairs,” he said. the Prince of Wales would putes with other countries over territorial Metallurgical Corp of China Ltd (MCC) not seek to make a public poinfluence, was real. Xi made his remarks at a regional con- sovereignty and maritime rights and inter- said on Wednesday that four of its em- litical statement during a priployees working on a construction vate conversation,” it said. ference in Shanghai in front of Vietnam- ests,” he said. His speech was given at a meeting of project in Vietnam were killed and 126 - ‘Seen and not heard’ ese Vice President Nguyen Thi Doan, as Ferguson met the prince as he well as representatives from the Philip- the little-known Conference on Interaction injured during the anti-China protests and his wife Camilla conducted a and Confidence Building Measures in last week. pines, Japan and more than 40 other countour of the Canadian Museum of Asia, or CICA. The Chinese and Vietnamese gov- Immigration in Halifax, Nova tries and organizations. China has seized upon its hosting ernments had put the death toll at two Scotia, as part of a four-day trip He did not mention the United States. to Canada.—AFP China is embroiled in bitter disputes with of the forum, launched by Kazakhstan with 100 or more injured.—Reuters

China issues veiled warning to Asia over military alliances

Beirut seeks Saudi help to tackle refugee crisis RIYADH—Lebanese Prime Minister Tammam nese Consul General Ziad Atallah. Mohammed Salam sought Saudi Arabia’s help to deal with the influx of Syrian refugees into his country during his meeting with Crown Prince Salman, deputy premier and minister of defense. “We have discussed crises faced by the Lebanese government, including the influx of Syrian refugees and the impact of the ongoing Syrian war on domestic issues,” he told reporters. “We need regional support to help us endure these huge factors.” Salam commended the Kingdom’s support for Lebanon. “Saudi Arabia is a big supporter of Lebanon’s stability and can play a vital role in ensuring security ahead of the upcoming elections.” He said the repeatedly delayed election of a leader to replace President Michel Suleiman, whose mandate expires on May 25, is an “internal Lebanese affair” while urging Lebanese politicians to resolve the issue without further delay. The Lebanese Parliament’s latest attempt on Thursday to meet to vote on a new president failed for the fourth time, after the Hezbollahled bloc boycotted the session leaving it without a quorum. Salam discussed regional developments with Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah and Crown Prince Salman, stressing that political instability will have no negative impact on tourism. “We are all set to host tourists this summer.” The prime minister also met with businessmen and high-ranking officials and diplomats from various countries at the residence of Leba-

Tayeb, director general of the Foreign Ministry’s branch office in the Makkah region Sheikh Saleh Kamel, president of Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry, and Saudi Ambassador Ali Aseeri were present. The meeting with Salam was also attended by the consuls general of the US, France, the UAE, Jordan, Kuwait, Tunis, Algeria and other countries. During his press conference in Jeddah, Salam highlighted the historic relations between Saudi Arabia and Lebanon. He urged Lebanese businessmen and community members to support the Kingdom’s development.“You are ambassadors of Lebanon in the Kingdom and your support to Saudi business partners will no doubt strengthen our historical ties,” he said.“Saudi Arabia supports Lebanon through its times of crises and helps to ensure security in the region,” Salam said. The Lebanese community is working hard to attract more Saudi visitors, he said. “There is a special place for Saudi businessmen in our hearts,” said Salam. “A forum is being organized in Beirut next month to discuss economic developments.”Ambassador Aseeri said Saudi Arabia has been one of Lebanon’s most important export markets. “Saudi tourists form about 20 percent of Arab tourists to the country and Saudi investments constitute more than 40 percent of the total volume of foreign investment, while Lebanese investment in the Kingdom is estimated at $2.5 billion.—AN

Over 3,000 Afghan election staff accused of polls fraud K A B U L — A f g h a n i s t a n ’s election commission said on Wednesday it had fired more than 3,000 staff accused of fraud in the first round of the country’s presidential election, as it sought to quell fears that it might fail to deliver a legitimate outcome. Afghans voted on April 5 in the first round of the election to pick a successor to President Hamid Karzai, who is barred by the constitution from standing for a third term after more than a decade in power. The winner will take charge at a crucial time, with most foreign troops due to withdraw by the end of the year, The Taliban insurgency still raging and a pact with Washington permitting some U.S. forces to stay hanging in the balance. Spokesman Noor Mohammad Noor said the Independent Election Commission had blacklisted the fired staff, so that they would not be hired in the second round.

“Some fraud was reported from those polling stations,” he added, referring to the sites where the fired staff had worked. Independent election monitors say many complaints were ignored in the effort to meet deadlines and the decision making process lacked transparency. “The Complaints Commission must ensure to look into all the complaints so that the results are acceptable to all sides,” said Jandad Spingar, director of the Free and Fair Election Foundation of Afghanistan. The run-off will be held on June 14 and the results will be announced on July 22. Both frontrunners, former opposition leader Abdullah Abdullah and exWorld Bank economist Ashraf Ghani, complain that widespread fraud undermined the first round, reinforcing concern that the loser on June 14 may reject the run-off result.—AFP

Good governance is good economics CESAR V. PURISIMA

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s policymakers and business leaders gather in Manila this week for the World Economic Forum on East Asia, the talk will inevitably turn to growth. Sustaining economic growth has become harder for Asian policymakers as interest rates in the developed world rise on signs of recovery. After years of easy credit, emerging markets will have to compete for funds to fuel development, and woo investors with fundamentals and structural reforms. Reforms have the power to alter a country’s economic destiny. This is why they inspire confidence from markets, businesses and citizens. To see how reforms can change perception and reality, one may look at the Philippines. Since assuming office in 2010, President

Aquino has turned around a country from being “the sick man of Asia” to an economic comeback story. He undertook reforms that economists have been urging and politicians shirking (from). These include the Sin Tax Law that raised the levy on alcohol and tobacco products, and spurred the revamp of commonplace procedures. Rating upgrade: Gross domestic product grew by 7.2 percent in 2013, the fastest in the Asean (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) region, notwithstanding natural calamities, including Super Typhoon Yolanda (international name: Haiyan) that is said to be one of the strongest ever recorded. Moreover, the Philippines received investment grades from Fitch, Standard & Poor’s and Moody’s in 2013, lowering the country’s borrowing costs and allowing us to redirect funds for social services and infrastructure. The Phil-

ippines earned another rating upgrade this month from S&P, which showed the reforms will endure beyond President Aquino’s term. A powerful force: Our efforts have boosted the country’s ranks in global surveys. Its rank jumped 26 places in the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Index since 2010, and 30 places in the International Finance Corp.’s Doing Business Index in 2013. Despite our gains, much remains to be done both at the national and Asean levels. In the remaining years of our term, the Aquino administration will intensify efforts at reform by opening up more sectors to foreign investments, rationalizing tax incentives and institutionalizing transparency. Those who doubt our commitment should take note of the unpopular enactment of the reproductive health bill and the amendment of the Sin Tax Law.

Across Asean, we must integrate our economies in a way that simplifies rules and lowers the cost of doing business. With our young populations and growing economies, we have the potential to become a powerful force for liberalization. However, we need reforms. Without those, growth is fleeting. For too long, many politicians have avoided unpopular reforms. But our citizens deserve better. Reward for telling truth: The Aquino administration’s electoral success and approval ratings are proof that voters listen to, and reward, politicians who tell the truth. This is as true in the rest of the Asean as it is in the Philippines. The good news is that reforms are not rocket science. We are well-aware what needs to be done. Good governance is good economics. Just look at the Philippines. —Courtesy: Daily Inquirer.

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SPECTER is haunting Washington, an unnerving vision of a Sino-Russian alliance wedded to an expansive sym biosis of trade and commerce across much of the Eurasian land mass - at the expense of the United States. And no wonder Washington is anxious. That alliance is already a done deal in a variety of ways: through the BRICS group of emerging powers (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa); at the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Asian counterweight to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; inside the Group of 20; and via the 120-member-nation Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). Trade and commerce are just part of the future bargain. Synergies in the development of new military technologies beckon as well. After Russia’s Star Wars-style, ultra-sophisticated S-500 air defense anti-missile system comes online in 2018, Beijing is sure to want a version of it. Meanwhile, Russia is about to sell dozens of state-of-the-art Sukhoi Su-35 jet fighters to the Chinese as Beijing and Moscow move to seal an aviation-industrial partnership. This week should provide the first real fireworks in the celebration of a new Eurasian century-in-the-making when Russian President Vladimir Putin drops in on Chinese President Xi Jinping in Beijing. You remember “Pipelineistan,” all those crucial oil and gas pipelines crisscrossing Eurasia that make up the true circulatory system for the life of the region. Now, it looks like the ultimate Pipelineistan deal, worth US$1 trillion and 10 years in the making, will be signed off on as well. In it, the giant, state-controlled Russian energy giant Gazprom will agree to supply the giant statecontrolled China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) with 3.75 billion cubic feet of liquefied natural gas a day for no less than 30 years, starting in 2018. That’s the equivalent of a quarter of Russia’s gas exports to all of Europe. China’s present daily gas demand is around 16 billion cubic feet a day, and imports account for 31.6% of total consumption. Gazprom may still collect the bulk of its profits from Europe, but Asia could turn out to be its Everest. The company will use this mega-deal to boost investment in Eastern Siberia and the whole region will be reconfigured as a privileged gas hub for Japan and South Korea as well. If you want to know why no key country in Asia has been willing to “isolate” Russia in the midst of the Ukrainian crisis - and in defiance of the Obama administration - look no further than Pipelineistan. Exit the Petrodollar, enter the Gas-o-Yuan And then, talking about anxiety in Washington, there’s the fate of the petrodollar to consider, or rather the “thermonuclear” possibility that Moscow and Beijing will agree on payment for the Gazprom-CNPC deal not in petrodollars but in Chinese yuan. One can hardly imagine a more tectonic shift, with Pipelineistan intersecting with a growing Sino-Russian political-economic-energy partnership. Along with it goes the future possibility of a push, led again by China and Russia, toward a new international reserve currency - actually a basket of currencies - that would supersede the dollar (at least in the optimistic dreams of BRICS members). Right after the potentially game-changing Sino-Russian summit comes a BRICS summit in Brazil in July. That’s when a $100 billion BRICS development bank, announced in 2012, will officially be born as a potential alternative to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank as a source of project financing for the developing world. —Courtesy: Asia Time Online

Charting a course between principle and pragmatism BEN S. CARSON

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WAS asked recently how I could possibly endorse the U.S. Senate candidacy of Monica Wehby, who is running as a Re publican from Oregon. She is pro-choice, which in the opinion of many makes her unacceptable as a conservative. I called her to query her about her stance on this issue. She stated that personally, she is very pro-life, but she feels the government has no business interfering with the relationship between the mother, the baby, the doctor and God. I feel differently, because if abolitionists had taken a similar hands-off approach, I might not have been free to write this column. As someone who has spent a lifetime trying to save the lives of children, even with intrauterine surgery, it is probably not difficult to imagine why I am extremely oriented toward efforts to preserve human life, especially innocent human life that has yet to experience the extrauterine world. Given this pro-life propensity, one might ask, how could I endorse someone who is pro-choice? The answer is this: I’m not an ideologue who determines a person’s worthiness with a litmus test. I have known Dr. Wehby as a friend and colleague for many years, and she is extremely intelligent and knows how to make decisions based on evidence versus ideology. Also, in a state like Oregon, which is left-leaning, she would not be a viable candidate if she maintained a pro-life stance. If conservatives are going to win in 2014 and 2016 and preserve the environment of freedom to which we have grown accustomed, it will be necessary to learn how to prioritize issues. I am not saying that social issues are not important, but if the executive branch remains in the hands of those with “secular progressive” ideas in 2016, and two or three more Supreme Court justices with similar leanings are appointed, conservative social ideas will become anathema to the prevailing powers, who will use every tool available to them to silence such opposition. The extreme intolerance of the left for opinions that vary from their own has been amply demonstrated in recent years on university campuses, in the mainstream media and in the public square. Boycotting those with whom they disagree is insufficient for them, as demonstrated by their attempts to put their political adversaries out of business or to assassinate their character. Sometimes it is not possible to go from a position of extreme weakness to one of great power in one fell swoop. We must realize that getting people into office who agree with us 90 percent of the time is far superior to ending up with someone who opposes you at every opportunity at the behest of their party leaders. With patience and good leadership, the 90 percenters can be moved in the right direction and will be great allies in redirecting our country toward common-sense solutions for our multitude of problems. The soul of America is at stake, and the future of our children and their children is threatened by unsustainable growing debt. Those who just listen to propaganda and refuse to read history or familiarize themselves with basic financial knowledge are easily fooled by those claiming that we are safe because our debt is rising slower. Those who go off the financial cliff die whether they fall one mile or 10 miles. The point is this: If the country is destroyed, many other issues become irrelevant. We need to stabilize the country first and then address the other serious problems. Although there now exists several variations on the best way to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), in the past there was much confusion. In the early 1960s, a mnemonic device called the ABCs of CPR was popularized and eliminated much of the confusion. The proper order of the procedure was easy to recall by remembering what each letter stood for. “A” was for “airway,” which can be quickly optimized. “B” was for “breathing” to remind the rescuer of the importance of oxygenation, and “C” was for “circulation,” which could be re-established by chest compression. —Courtesy: Washington Times


Developing Economies through Innovation and Growth in ICTs

QUETTA: Federal Minister for Finance, Ishaq Dar addressing to the launching ceremony of Prime Minister Fee Reimbursement Scheme on Wednesday.—APP photo

Pemra has full power From Back Page work. Speaking to media representatives here, Pervaiz Rashid said Pemra was an independent body and the government did not want to interfere in its matters. The minister ’s statement came in the midst of the media crisis that has been gripping the nation for a month and that took a turn for the worse on Tuesday evening when a meeting held by a few Pemra members announced the suspension of three licences — Geo News, Geo Entertainment and Geo Tez — of Geo network. The law ministry has approached the information ministry for its recommendations on the issue, Rashid told reporters on Wednesday.

Dar launches PM’s Fee Reimbursement Scheme for youth Q UETTA —Federal

Finance Minister Mohammad Ishaq Dar here on Wednesday launched Prime Minister’s Fee Reimbursement Scheme for youth of the less developed areas of the country. Ishaq Dar, who was the chief guest of the inaugural ceremony held at Governor House, said “Realizing youth as an asset of the country, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif led Pakistan Muslim League government launched six programs for youth, the fee reimbursement is one of them. The ceremony was attended by Governor Balochistan Mohammad Khan Achakzai, Chief Minister Balochistan Dr Abdul Malik Baloch, Federal Minister for SAFRON, Gen. (retd) Abdul Qadir Baloch, Minister for State for Higher Education, Engr. Balighur Rehman, Chairman Higher Education Commission, Prof Dr Mokhtar Ahmed, Senior Balochistan Minister, Nawab Sanaullah Zehri, provincial ministers, MPAs, senior officials and a large number of university students. Ishaq Dar said to improve quality education, government has planned to bear the

expenses of the students in less developed areas studying MA/MSC, M Phil and PHD programmes. The Minister noted that Rs 1.20 billion has been earmarked for Fee Reimbursement Scheme and as many as 33,440 students of 59 districts of the country would be the beneficiaries including 5,948 students from 32 districts of Balochistan. Dar said that federal government was extending all-out support to the Balochistan government in its effort to overcome the economic crises and poor law and order situation. “We endorse the process of negotiations and want to bring the disgruntled Baloch into main stream”, he said and lauded the endeavors of the Chief Minister Balochistan for creating conducive political environment in the province. Terming the progress of Balochistan as one of the top most priorities of Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, the Finance Minister said that incumbent government had launched various uplift schemes to bring prosperity in the province.—APP

TTP men likely to launch attacks during Ramzan learnt. The Crime Investigation Department (CID) has arrested two terrorists of a TTP group who revealed during interrogation that the group’s chief, Maulvi Khalid, had tasked them to

From Page 1 kill the security personnel deployed outside mosques in last Ramzan. The arrested men claimed that they got huge reward money from group chief for killing security personnel.

On May 19, the CID arrested Saif-ur Rehman and Ubaidullah, two terrorists of TTP Maulvi Khalid group, after a brief encounter in jurisdiction of SITE-B police station. The police recovered two 9mm pistols and a hand grenade from their possession. The arrested accuseds were later handed over to investigation unit for further interrogation. However, the CID Investigation Wing In-charge Mazhar Mashwani soon after the arrests revealed that Saif-ur Rehman was involved in the killing of two cops who were deputed at Sir Syed and Jamshaid Quarters police stations during

Ramzan in 2013. “During interrogation, Saif-ur Rehman revealed that his group’s chief Maulvi Khalid had assigned him to carry out attacks on security personnel deployed outside mosques during Ramzan,” CID Investigation Wing In-charge Mazhar Mashwani said. “He (Siaf-ur Rehman) during interrogation confessed killing of two policemen who were deployed outside the mosques for security during Ramzan last year,” Mashwani added. Replying to a question, Mashwani said, “it is difficult to ascertain the targets of banned outfits as they change their positions with time.”

Najam Sethi back From Back Page of the Ministry under Article 185(3) of the Constitution for leave to appeal against the IHC judgment. The petitioner made Arbab Altaf Hussain, member Scrutiny Committee PCB, and Brig (R) Sajjad Hameed, Director HR and Administration, as respondents. Asma questioned how the single bench of IHC “illegally” assumed jurisdiction as neither the respondent

No1 Arbab Altaf Hussain was a resident of Islamabad nor were the honorary services of Arbab hired or terminated in Islamabad. She said even the principal office of PCB is not in Islamabad, adding of the 25 petitions heard by IHC, none of petitioner lived in Islamabad but they were from Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhawa and Punjab. —NNI

under the National Grassroots ICT Research Initiative, are thepotential future leaders of Pakistan. Under this initiative 690 final years projects worth up to rupees 47 million have been funded to encourage the students to create prototypes and working models for their projects. All the HEC recognized Public and Private Sector Universities are entitled to avail funding under the program. Telecom is not only linking our individual lives but also providing access to government to reach the people in underdeveloped areas of the country. Balochistan is one such province that has been historically neglected. The current government’s developmental initiatives strongly focus on the people of Balochistan. Prime Minister ’s Balochistan Scholarship Program for the young students (VIII to Class XII) of Balochistan offers

inroads in the region. Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was on the guest list of leaders from the eight-member regional grouping invited to attend Modi’s swearing next Monday, government and members of his Bharatiya Janata Party said. “India’s Foreign Secretary Sujatha Singh writes to SAARC counterparts inviting their leaders to attend swearing-in ceremony on 26th May,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Syed Akbaruddin wrote on social media website Twitter. If the Pakistani prime minister were to attend the planned ceremony in the forecourt of the presidential mansion, the

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OBSERVER REPORT L AHORE —The contributions of Dr. Umar Saif could be recognized by the fact that he has been awarded with one of the world’s best and prestigious awards in the field of Science and Technology. His radical and innovative projects of e-governance and mobile governance were appreciated by World Bank and international media like CNN, BBC, New York Times, His contributions as Chairman

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Teacher

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525 billion. However, Annual Plan Coordination Committee (APCC) that is to meet on May 23 will decide as to how much the development budget should be. The National Economic Council (NEC) that may likely to meet on May 30 or May 31 with Prime Minister in the chair will finalize the consolidated development budget of the whole country. The NEC is likely to approve the consolidated development budget at less than Rs 1100 billion.

in-law and three other relatives were killed in the shooting following which the gunmen fled the scene. The incident occurred in the early hours of Wednesday in the Dasht area of Turbat district. A joint investigation into the attack is being conducted by the Levies forces and eyewitnesses have been asked to come forward. Wednesday’s incident comes in the wake of threatening letters sent to private schools by a shadowy militant organisation.

due to various terrorists’ acts of IED blasts and suicide attacks in FATA, KPK and Karachi. Intelligence reports and other investigations confirmed the linkage of these terrorists’ acts with terrorists targeted on Wednesday who were hiding in North, the military sources added. However, in the late afternoon on Wednesday a bloody encounter between the terrorists and the security forces ensued in the outskirts of Tehsil Mir Ali in North Waziristan agency where around dozen miscreants were mowed down by the forces. The shoot out as the military sources confirmed to Pakistan Observer, also resulted in the martyrdom of four soldiers including a major of the Pakistan army. “An encounter between the security forces and the terrorists took place around Mir Ali in NWA on Wednesday afternoon.”

Dr Umar’s vision helps achieve objectives of various departments

Forces

Public debt

event would be a first in the history of the nuclear-armed rivals, who have fought three wars since independence in 1947.— Reuters APP adds: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Wednesday received invitation from the Indian government to attend the oath taking ceremony of its new prime minister Narendra Modi, being held on May 26. Foreign office Spokesperson has confirmed that Pakistan has received the invitation through the Indian High Commission. The spokesperson said no decision about attending the oath taking ceremony of Indian Prime Minister by Pakistani Prime Minister has been made yet.

Security forces mow down 60 militants Waziristan agency in wee hours on Wednesday leaving at least sixty terrorists dead. The military sources said those killed in the Wednesday blitz also include a number of key militant commanders. The military sources said that confirmed intelligence reports, air strikes were carried out on terrorists hideouts in parts of North Waziristan Agency, Wednesday around 4 in the morning. “As many as 60 hardcore terrorists including some of the important commanders and foreigners were killed in the strikes and around 30 were injured”. Military sources said huge cache of arms and ammunition including IED making explosive material has also been destroyed in the strikes. It may be mentioned here that since last few weeks large number of civilians and security forces personnel embraced shahadat

of Indian tanks and armoured vehicles. It also has the honour of receiving six Sitara-e-Jurat. In 1990, the squadron was equipped with Chinese F-7P interceptor aircrafts and was converted into an Operational Conversion Unit in July 1991. Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt has also commanded the Squadron with the onerous responsibility of setting up the new conversion unit.

PITBare indeed commendable, soon after joining his charge, he eradicated corruption from the board and PITB is now playing an instrumental role in assisting the Government to improve public sector performance. Dr. Saif’s vision of instant, speedy and thriving admin-

Youm-e-Takbir From Page 1

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From Back Page to be the eternal message. While approving the appointment of the ViceChancellor, the BoG resolved to undertake initial planning for the establishment of the University on fast track.

been offered permanent positions in their respective organizations. When it comes to availability of ICTs, no one should be excluded. The goal of the present government is to offer infrastructure to all Pakistanis across the board. By optimum utilizing the connectivity and information sharing tools Pakistan can surely become a powerful and modern country of the world. The World Telecom and Information Society Day is a reminder that all stakeholders of the telecom and IT industry can work together and support each other for a better tomorrow. National ICT R&D Fund isvibrantly celebrating the World Telecom and Information Society Day by adopting creative strategies to pace up with the dynamics of ICT sector. We are surely committed towards making a technologically advanced and a progressive Pakistan. •

Modi extends olive branch to Nawaz

Dr. Aziz Ahmad Khan Last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) at various levels. The Centre also plans to project the message of the Last Prophet which was meant for the whole humanity and would continue

From Page 11 opportunity to both male and female students from each district of Balochistan to study at the top institutions of Pakistan. The initiative aims to bring these students to the main stream of the country so that they can play effective role in the development of their respective communities. National ICT Internship Program is preparing the telecom professionals of tomorrow. The real time experience of working with telecom and IT companies is bridging the gap between graduating students and IT industry. The students who are equipped with upto-date knowledge are lending a productive hand to their employers. Employers on the other hand are creating sizable permanent positions for the fresh graduates. In 2014 only, 320 interns have been placed in 60 IT companies. Out of these interns, 100 have already

istration was materialized successfully by deploying Smartphone-based early epidemic warning system that played a vital role in the fight against Dengue epidemic in Punjab. The said system was used by more than twenty government departments in all districts across Punjab.

commemorate detonation of six nuclear devices in response to five of India on May 28, 1998. This time, it was a pleasant co-incidence as sixteen years back on the same day, PML-N leader Nawaz Sharif was Prime Minister of Pakistan who made Pakistan a nuclear capable country. Nawaz Sharif will address the nation on the occasion. A grand function is expected to be held at Convention Centre, Islamabad to be addressed by him. He will speak on his nuclear vision. During the last stint of Nawaz Sharif, Pakistan testfired its first ballistic missile ‘Ghauri’ on April 6, 1998 and during this tenure, a highly sophisticated nuclear capable, multi- tube tactical short-range ballistic missile ‘Nasr’ was test-fired giving an edge over adversaries. Another function to celebrate the day will be held at Aiwan-e-Quaid here under the auspices of Nazriya Pakistan Council (Trust). Dr. Abdul Qadeer, Father of Pakistan’s nuclear programme will be chief guest.

Blast at Rangers HQ From Back Page A few passer by including Muhammad Khan, Ghulam, Akram, Muhammad Irfan and Nadeem Abbas sustained injuries. The injured were immediately shifted to Abbasi Shaheed Hospital. The blast caused damage to residential apartments. 4 motorcycles that were parked in close vicinity were badly damaged. According to sources in law enforcement agencies, the terrorist wanted to hit the Rangers vans on patrol but those vans had passed away a few minutes prior to the blast and thus Rangers escaped a big tragedy.


Forces to counteract any foreign aggression: Raheel SARGODHA—Chief of Army fighter jets. The army chief ron shifted to Peshawar.

Shahbaz: China has confidence in Pak leadership Observer Report

SHANGHAI—Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that the existing warmth in the economic cooperation of China with Pakistan reflects the confidence of China in Pakistani leadership.

Election tribunal accepts Tareen plea Our correspondent M ULTAN — The election tribunal in Multan accepted Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI) General Secretary Jehangir Tareen’s request for thumb print verification of the votes cast in the NA-154 constituency during the May 11 general elections last year.

Egypt’s Mubarak convicted of graft; gets 3 years, fine CAIRO—An Egyptian court on Wednesday sentenced ousted president Hosni Mubarak to three years in prison on charges of stealing public funds. “The court orders Mohamed Hosni Mubarak to be sent to jail for three years,” said judge Osama Shaheen —Reuters

Imran leading plan to destabilize govt: Rana LAHORE — Law Minister Punjab Rana Sanaullah said that conspiracy is being hatched to destabilize the government. Talking to media here on Wednesday, the minister said that Chairman PTI Imran Khan is leading the conspiracy team. “Changing tactics daily is PTI’s habit”, he added. —NNI

Kejriwal sent to judicial custody N E W D E L H I — In-

dian authorities took former Delhi chief minister Arvind Kejriwal into custody on Wednesday after he refused to pay bail in connection with a defamation case against him.

congratulated the PAF over its acquisition of modern fighter jets and said the move had increased the fighting capability of the air force. “Pakistan army would extend full cooperation to PAF whenever needed” Gen Raheel Sharif said while speaking on the occasion, adding that despite the challenges faced any foreign aggression would be counteracted. Squadron No. 19, “Sherdils”, was raised in 1958 at PAF Base Mauripur with 12 American origin F86F Sabre aircraft. In October, 1964 the squad-

The squadron valiantly participated in 1965 war, in which it had flown 730 hours in 571 sorties without losing a single aircraft or a pilot. During the war, Squadron Number 19 had the unrivaled distinction of carrying out the first successful close air support mission at Wagah, and famous air strike at Pathankot airfield. The squadron flew over 630 operational missions and destroyed 15 Indian Air Force (IAF) aircraft on the ground. Among the PAF squadrons, Number 19 also destroyed the highest number

Hafiz Gul Bahadur group reviews peace treaty with govt

Pakistan among ‘most corrupt’ countries

Staff General Raheel Sharif said on Wednesday that the country was prepared for any possible foreign aggression during the induction ceremony of a batch of F-16 fighter jets into the Pakistan Air Force Squadron No. 19 held in the ‘City of Eagles’. Chief of the Army Staff, General Raheel Sharif was the chief guest of the induction ceremony and was greeted upon his arrival at the ceremony by Chief of the Air Staff Pakistan Air Force, SARGODHA: Chief of the Air Staff Pakistan Air Force, Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt presenting a model of Air Chief Marshal Tahir F-16 aircraft to Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif during a ceremony of 19 Squadron re-equipped with F-16 Rafique Butt. aircraft from Royal Jordanian Air Force. The inducted aircraft were purchased at a minimal price from Royal Jordanian Air Force after series of negotiations were held between ministries and concerted efforts were made by Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt. the Ministry of Inter-ProIHC suspended the manageISLAMABAD—The Supreme STAFF REPORTER A contingent of Squadron Court has suspended ver- vincial Coordination had ment committee appointed No. 19 presented the general dict of the Islamabad High challenged the IHC decision by the Prime Minister, be- Q UETTA —Six people, in- salute to the chief guest folin Supreme Court on Tuesing the Patron-in-Chief of Court (IHC) with regard to cluding a government lowed by the parade. the PCB, and reinstated school dismissal of Najam Sethi as teacher, were Gen Raheel Sharif transZaka Ashraf as the chairman gunned down on Wednes- ferred the Squadron flag to chairman Pakistan Cricket of the cricket board. On May day at a house in new commander and as per Board (PCB). 19, Zaka Ashraf took charge Balochistan The court has also orprovince’s tradition of Pakistan Air of the PCB for the second Turbat region. dered to restore the adminForce. time and vowed to review all istrating committee of the The six were killed when Newly inducted F-16s of the decisions made under unidentified gunmen en- Squadron No. 19 also prePCB. A three-member bench Sethi. Prime Minister Nawaz tered the residence of a sented a fly past. headed by Justice Anwar Sharif on February 10 this school teacher locally Zaheer Jamali issued interim Following the guard of year sacked Ashraf and ap- known as Master Hameed honour, the chief guest was order on a plea filed by the pointed a committee chaired and opened fire. Hameed, given a briefing over the new Ministry of Inter-provincial by Najam Sethi to oversee his two brothers Coordination seeking reinthe cricketing matters. statement of Najam Sethi as Continued on Page 7 Asma Jehangir, former cricket board’s chairman. It president of Supreme Court may be mentioned here that Bar Association (SCBA), the IHC had reinstated Ashraf Zaka as PCB chair- day. On May 17, Justice filed the petition on behalf Continued on Page 7 man on May 17 after which Noorul Haq Qureshi of the

Najam Sethi back as PCB chief SC suspends IHC verdict

Blast at Rangers HQ, convoy escapes big tragedy

Dr. Aziz Ahmad Khan appointed VC of proposed International Seerat University

IRFAN ALIGI

STAFF REPORTER

KARACHI—Ten people were injured in a planted bomb blast at the Pakistan Rangers Sindh Sachal headquarters located in close vicinity of Taimooriya Bakery in North Nazimabad No 3 Wednesday morning. The blast of high intensity was heard from a far distance. According to Rangers spokesperson, the bomb was planted in a motorcycle owned by a resident of Shalamar Centre in North Nazimabad.

I SLAMABAD —Brig (Retd)

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Prof. Dr. Aziz Ahmad Khan, former founding Rector of the National University of Modern Languages (NUML), Islamabad, has been appointed Vice-Chancellor of the proposed International Seerat University. Being an eminent educationist, Dr. Aziz has the distinction of hav-

ing received Awards of Excellence in education from China, France and other countries. The appointment was made by the Board of Governors of the International Seerat Centre at its meeting held on Tuesday, under the chairmanship of Mr. Zahid Malik. The International Seerat Centre, the formal launching of which was made by the President of Pakistan, Mr. Mamnoon Hussain, plans to undertake a number of initiatives to prioritize Seerat studies and research on the

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Federal Budget for 2014-15

Public debt surges to whopping level Tax to GDP ratio lowest in region ALI SYED I S L A M A B A D — P a k i s t a n ’s public debt will surge to whopping Rs16.086 trillion by 2016-17 and swell to Rs16.875 trillion in next financial year 2014-15, says the medium term budgetary paper for 2014-16 to 201617 prepared by the finance ministry. This has exposed the country to current mammoth debt servicing of Rs 1.194 trillion which will increase to Rs1.347 trillion in next budgetary year.

Pakistan’s current debt stands at Rs15.468 trillion what has been hiked from Rs 14.370 trillion debt dur-

ing the 11-month rule of Nawaz government. Every kid who is born as of today has debt of Rs 84000. The budgetary paper presented in the joint committee of national assembly and senate held here on Tuesday also unveils that Pakistan has current domestic debt of Rs10.581 trillion in current fiscal which will swell in next month to 11.708 trillion and is feared to increase to Rs14.096 trillion by 2016-17. Likewise, foreign debt that stands at Rs 4.887 trillion is expected to rise to Rs 5.166 trillion. And this will further go up to Rs 5.990 trillion debt till 2016-17.

In the meeting Finance minister Ishaq Dar, according to one of the participants, told the meeting that outlay of federal budget for 2014-15 will be at Rs 3.8 trillion with fiscal deficit of 4.8 percent out of which mammoth amount of Rs 1.3 trillion will be spent on debt servicing and Rs 700 billion for defense. The amount of Rs 215 billion will be spent on pension in next budget 201415, Rs 285 billion on government employees’ salaries. The Federal development budget will be at Rs

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Teacher among six gunned down in Turbat

Pemra has full power to resolve Geo issues : PR OBSERVER REPORT

ISLAMABAD—Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting Pervaiz Rashid on We d n e s day said that the Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority had full authority to resolve issues relating to Geo net

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P E S H AWA R — F o l l o w i n g massive airstrikes by jet fighters in North Waziristan on Wednesday night, Taliban militants met at an undisclosed location on Wednesday to reconsider a non-aggression treaty with the government. A spokesman for Taliban commander Hafiz Gul Bahadur, who leads hundreds of fighters in the area, condemned the airstrikes that, according to Pakistani military officials, killed at least 60 militants and injured 30 others.

Ahmadullah Ahmadi said the group “cannot remain silent over bombardment on people,” calling it a clear atrocity on the civilians. He said that the Shura (council) has convened this important meeting to assess the situation and hinted that the peace accord with the government might get revoked. The spokesman warned that the government would be responsible for any destruction in case it did not stop the military offensive.

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KATMANDU—South Asia is the most corrupt region of the world and governments must strengthen their anti-graft agencies to prevent political interference and protect whistleblowers, Transparency International has said. The watchdog found problems with anti-corruption efforts in BD, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. “South Asia now is the worst region in the world when it comes to corruption based on our studies,” said Srirak Plipat, the group’s regional director for Asia Pacific.—AP


E-cigarettes boost quitting success among smokers, study finds

S

MOKERS trying to quit are 60 percent more likely to report success if they switch to e-cigarettes than if they use nicotine products like patches or gum, or just willpower, scientists said. Presenting findings from a study of almost 6,000 smokers over five years, the researchers said the results suggest e-cigarettes could play an important role in reducing smoking rates and hence cutting tobacco-related deaths and illnesses. As well as causing lung cancer and other chronic respiratory diseases, tobacco smoking is also a major contributor to cardiovascular diseases, the world’s number one killer. “E-cigarettes could substantially improve public health because of their widespread appeal and the huge health gains associated with stopping smoking,” said Robert West of University College London’s epidemiology and public health department, who led the study. Mainly funded by the charity Cancer Research UK and published in the journal Addiction, West’s study surveyed 5,863 smokers between 2009 and 2014 who had tried to quit without using prescription medicines or professional help. The results were adjusted for a range of factors that might influence success at quitting, West said - including age, nicotine dependence, previous attempts to give up smoking, and whether quitting was gradual or abrupt. They showed that 20 percent of people trying to quit with the aid of e-cigarettes reported

having stopped smoking conventional cigarettes. That compared with just 10.1 percent of those using over-the-counter aids such as nicotine replacement patches or gum. Of those using willpower alone, 15.4 percent had managed to stop. E-cigarettes contain nicotine - a stimulant not thought to be particularly harmful, although it is addictive delivering it in a water vapour rather than in smoke from burning tobacco. A relatively new product, they have become highly controversial, with public health opinion split over whether they might be a powerful tool in helping those hooked on cigarettes to finally give up, or whether they simply replace one bad habit with another. Because switching to ecigarettes from tobacco ones does not entail kicking the addiction to nicotine, some specialists say they could spell the end of smoking which the World Health Organisation (WHO) calls “one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced”.But critics point to a lack of long-term scientific evidence to support the safety and effectiveness of e-cigarettes, and warn they may also re-normalise smoking, enticing children or other non-smokers to take it up. West agreed that evidence about long-term use is e-cigarettes is scant, but stressed the balance of risks had to be weighed against the very strong evidence of tobacco’s harms. “It’s not clear whether long-term use of e-cigarettes carries health risks, but from what is known about the contents of the vapour these will be much less than from smoking,” he said.

IP3 ceremony to award certificates

Senate has played a larger role in strengthening democracy STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The second group of 35 Young Parliamentary Associations (YPAs) selected and trained as part of the European Union funding Improving Parliamentary Performance in Pakistan (IP3) project, received their certificates at the end of three-week long training on Wednesday. Acting Chairman Senate Sabir Ali Baloch was the chief guest at the ceremony. Senator Mushahid Hussain Sayed, MNA Marriyum Aurangzeb, MNA Asiya Nasir, Ambassador of European Union to Pakistan and Team Leader IP3 Ms. Niamh O’Connor also attended the event. Addressing the ceremony Acting Chairman Senate Sabir Ali Baloch said that the IP3 project has been instrumental in strengthening the Acting Chairman Senate, Senator Sabir Ali Baloch addressing on the occasion of certificate distribution ceremony of the relationship between the EU Young Parliamentary Associates. and the Parliament. new ideas and approaches to the parliament and he looks preciated by both the National Assembly and Senate He emphasized the need for greater collaboration forward to further institutional collaboration between as a significant resource, adding to the Parliament’s between the EU and the parliament. He said that the the EU and the Parliament. MNA Marriyum Aurangzeb analytical, research and legislative drafting capacity. YPAs are assisting the parliament and also having said that the young professional are helping to fill the He said that some of these young professionals may significant exposure to the parliamentary process. He gaps in the parliament secretariat. She said that the re- go on to hold more permanent positions in the Secresaid that in the recent years the Senate has played a cruitment process has been improved and it is in line tariat of the Parliament or who knows, may even one larger role in strengthening democracy. with the strategic framework devised by the parliament. day enter politics themselves. The certificates were He also said that a strategic plan has been develMr. Lars-Gunnar Wigemark EU Ambassador also presented by Deputy Chairman Senate Sabir Ali oped and with the assistance of the EU the strategy can addressed the gathering saying “it is good to hear that Baloch and Lars-Gunnar Wigemark, Ambassador of be further refined. He hoped that the YPAs will bring these young and talented Pakistani graduates are ap- the European Union to Pakistan.

Visiting Chinese artists conduct painting workshop for youth STAFF REPORTER

An educated mother can guide her child in better way CITY REPORTER

ISLAMABAD—Quaid-i-Azam University, I SLAMABAD —The visiting Vice Chancellor, Dr. Eatazaz Ahmad on

Alvi Gold Medal was conferred to Ms. Nighat Shaheen, who stood first in her class in the Punjab University Exams in the year 2012. The Azra Raza Excellence Award, which carries a cash award of Rs 50,000, was awarded to Ms. Sidra Pervaiz, a graduate of the year 2012. Three Assistant Professors and two non-teaching members of the college were awarded shields on comple-

tion of their services of 25 years for the college. At the occasion, IMCG Principal said their college is the only one in Punjab (except the Punjab University) to have a full fledge Mass Communication Department with state of the art facilities. “Our college is the only one in Pakistan that has been granted license by PEMRA,” she said.

Chinese artists who’s work is Wednesday said Islam does not prohibit girls’ on display at the National Art from education as an educated mother can Gallery these days conducted guide her child in a better way. He said this a water colour painting work- while addressing a convocation and prize disshop on Wednesday. tribution ceremony held here at Islamabad The artists imparted train- Model College for Girls ing to the Pakistani counter- (IMCG)- Post Graduate on parts and showed the tech- Wednesday. niques of Chinese style and On the occasion, he appreway of painting in two ses- ciated the college faculty saysions. ing education not only grooms The participants were in- the personality of a person but Chinese artists presenting his art piece during water colour painting workshop at National formed that Chinese traditional also gives them a sense of proArt Gallery. water colour painting starts tection. with marking dots and drawing He motivated the graduated lines. The Chinese artists used girls to serve the nation in future brushes like chop sticks and saying students are the builders handmade rice paper in the and decision makers of future. workshop. The participants He also announced a scholexercised the method on spot arship in the name of Musarat paintings and created beautiful Almas (his sister) for the IMCG art pieces. (PG), F-7/4. IMCG Principal, Chinese artists appreciated Ms. Firdaus Fatima presented a Pakistani art and the interest, shield and college insignia to the Regarding Sector G-14, he directed all STAFF REPORTER potential and expressions of the chief guest. concerned to get the issue of award of BUPs participants. At the convocation, degrees ISLAMABAD—Secretary Ministry of Housing and resolved it at the earliest. He also directed young PNCA also arranged a were awarded to 323 graduate the law wing to follow up vigorously on the and Works (MoH&W) Mohammad Younus colourful cultural show in and postgraduate students for the Dagha has directed the Director General Fed- pending litigation of Bhara Kahu Housing honour of the visiting Chi- session 2010-2012. Rolls of scheme so that the allottees were not made to eral Government Employees Housing Founnese artists. Honors were received by 23 dation (FGEHF) for early completion of hous- wait for long. DG, FGEHF further briefed the graduate and 15 postgraduate ing projects in G-13, G-14, G-15 and Bhara Secretary that all encroachments on precious students for their outstanding Vice Chancellor Quaid-e-Azam University Dr Aitzaz Ahmad awarding degrees to the stuurban land situated in Sector 24-B, Gulzare-eKahu. DG FGEHF Waqas Ali Mahmood performance in different univer- dents during the 29th Convocation of Islamabad Model College for Girls (Post Graduate) briefed the secretary over status of ongoing and Hijari, Scheme 33, Karachi, had been removed sity examinations. The Hameed F-7/4. Principal Firdaus Fatima is also seen in the picture.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir prospective projects and infrastructure devel- in the recent anti-encroachment operation, with the help of Karachi administration. opment in Sector G-13 in detail. He appreciated the efforts made by the Secretary Younus Dagha directed the FGEHF to complete drainage and sewerage Commissioner and Project Director Karachi, systems in close coordination with CDA to Director Law and Director Coordination address legitimate grievances of allottees of FGEHF in this regard and directed that conthe sector. He directed that the road infrastruc- struction of compound wall be started at the ture of the said sector be substantially improved earliest to preempt the local land mafia. He also directed all concerned to expedite within shortest possible time, using all means the process of computerization of Estate Wing, necessary. The project “Life Style Residency” in G- in order to substantially improve service de13 also came under discussion while the Sec- livery for the end user. Later he left the country. against him was not withdrawn. The accused ZUBAIR QURESHI The Secretary directed the DG to develop retary was informed that construction of 14It may be mentioned here that the Chief also threatened that he would kill her (the story apartments of 2885 flats were planned. a GIS solution for special mapping of sectors ISLAMABAD—Islamabad High Court (IHC) Justice of Lahore High Court (LHC) taking girl) said the distraught mother of the girl. Secretary Housing directed that all requi- G-13, G-14, G-15 as well as Bhara Kahu and on Wednesday summoned a Deputy Director suo motu notice of the incident had consti- Through his telephone calls, the Federal Insite formalities be completed at the earliest for expressed satisfaction over the pace of comof the Federal Investigation Agency/Repre- tuted a committee to probe the matter. Po- vestigation Agency (FIA) traced location of puterization efforts by FGEHF. formal inauguration of the project. sentative of Interpol for today (Thursday) on lice later arrested the accomplice of Mehmood and discovered he was taking refa petition filed for the arrest of a Fateh Jang Mehmood, Abdul Hameed Butt. Butt applied uge in Malaysia, the petitioner mother added. senior lawyer who fled from the country after post-arrest bail but it was rejected by Addi- She requested the court when the National raping his real niece. According to the FIR tional District and Sessions Judge of Accountability Bureau (NAB) could have arregistered with the New Town police, Rawalpindi. However, according to the pe- rested former chairman Ogra Tauqeer Sadiq Rawalpindi, Tariq Mehmood, Vice President, tition filed in the IHC, the lawyer Mehmood with the help of Interpol and brought him Fateh Jang Bar Association on September 30, obtained protective bail from the Peshawar back in Pakistan to face the trial, why a simi2013 forcedly raped his niece Maryam High Court (PHC) and then escaped from lar arrangement was not possible in the granted bail to them against Rs Agency (FIA) law officer said said that it was discriminatory Jehangir, a student of MBBS final year, along the country. After the escape, the local court present case. ZUBAIR QURESHI 0.5 million surety bonds each. that the agency had no objec- attitude if one is spared and the with an accomplice Abdul Hameed Butt and of Rawalpindi where the trial in this matter The petitioner stated that the lives of the I SLAMABAD —Islamabad Malik Mushtaq was granted tion to the grant of bail to Malik rest were allowed to lag be- fled the country. was pending, declared Mehmood an ab- members of the victim family were in danger High Court (IHC) on pre-arrest bail while Dr Abdul Mushtaq provided he cooper- hind the bars. IHC judge then The FIR alleged that both the accused also sconder and issued his red warrants. Mean- and since the victim girl was doing house job Wednesday accepted bail ap- Jabbar and Shehzad Nawaz ated with the agency during granted bails to all three. made video footage of the incident so that they while, Advocate Shazia Samad, wife of the in a hospital therefore it was necessary to arPemra officials have been could blackmail her in case she sought some alleged rapist, also filed a suit in the family rest the “all powerful” lawyer. She also replications of three former Cheema were granted post-ar- investigation. The court then granted pre-arrest bail to the under investigation for alleg- succor from law. According to details, court of Rawalpindi for dissolution of mar- quested the court to direct the representative chairmen of Pakistan Elec- rest bails. Legal counsel for Malik petitioner. edly making illegal appoint- Maryam who is from Gujranwala was resid- riage and the court passed a decree in her of the Interpol a Deputy Director of the FIA tronic Media Regulatory AuWith regard to two other ments in the regulatory author- ing in the house of her aunt Shazia Samad favour. thority (Pemra): former Mushtaq, Malik Qamar Afzal to arrest the accused with the help of Interpol chairman Malik Mushtaq and advocate assured the court that officials Dr Abdul Jabbar and ity. According to FIA officials, Advocate, spouse of the accused. Ms Shazia Before the IHC Justice Siddiqui, on Malaysia and bring him back to the country two former acting chairmen, his client would cooperate with Shehzad Nawaz Cheema, who these officials raised number Samad was in England when her husband Wednesday, mother of the victim girl con- to face justice. Justice Siddiqui after prelimiDr Abdul Jabbar and the federal investigation were already in custody of the of posts in Pemra and ap- Mehmood allegedly committed the heinous tended that Mehmood was harassing and nary hearing of the matter directed the FIA’s agency (FIA) whenever they FIA, the agency’s counsel op- pointed more persons than the act. According to the FIR Mehmood also took pressurizing the family. He was threatening Deputy Director to appear in person on ThursShehzad Nawaz Cheema. IHC judge Justice required his presence. To this posed the grant of bail to the approval thus causing heavy 20 tolas gold ornaments and 2,200 pounds her (victim girl) by telephonic calls and had day (today) and respond to the query. The Noorul Haq N Qureshi the Federal Investigation two. Upon this Justice Qureshi loss to the national exchequer. before leaving the house after the incident. warned to face severe consequences if case judge then adjourned the hearing till today.

FGEHF directed for early completion of ongoing projects

Lawyer who allegedly raped real niece taking refuge in Malaysia

Mother of victim moves IHC to get accused arrested through Interpol

IHC grants bail to 3 former Pemra chiefs


Quality education to bring about socio-economic change

World Day for Cultural Diversity CITY REPORTER

Fajar Zohr Asr

04:30 01:30 05:30

Meghrab at Sunset Isha 09:00 Brothers in Islam establish regular prayers & charity

May 28 A seminar on “The Changing Nature of the Nuclear Non Proliferation Debate”, is to be held at Pakistan Institute for Parliamentary Services (PIPS) Attaturk Avenue (Service Road), F-5/2, on Wednesday, May 28, 2014 from 3:00-5:00 p.m.

May 28 last date for ninth class registration CITY REPORTER RAWALPINDI—In order to facilitate the students, Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education Rawalpindi (BISER) has extended registration and admission date for ninth class regular candidates (session 2014-16), till May 28. According to BISER Spokesman Arslan Cheema, website of the board woul remain open till May 28 and June 5 would be the last date to submit the registration return and fee challan in the board office while Rs. 500 late fee would be charged from May 29 to June 11 and to submit registration return with late fee on June 18 . He informed that in case of late announcement of middle exam result, 10 days would be given to the candidates to submit registration forms.

Metro Bus Project to be completed on time STAFF REPORTER R AWA L P I N D I —Chairman Metro Bus Project Rawalpindi/ Islamabad and PML-N leader Muhammad Hanif Abbasi on Wednesday visited under construction Metro Bus Project at Murree Road, Rawalpindi. Project Manager, Package three of Metro Bus Project Muhammad Saleem Bhatti on this occasion briefed about the progress being made to meet the targets of project. He said that work on the project is in full swing and efforts would be made to complete the project according to time lines fixed for the purpose. Muhammad Hanif Abbasi on this occasion said that it is vision of Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif to upgrade the road transport network in accordance with international standard and in the light of his directions the Metro Bus Project would be made state of the art with regard to unique engineering structure. He also expressed satisfaction over the uninterrupted flow of traffic on Murree Road and issued instructions for removal of debris from both sides of Murree Road.

ISLAMABAD—Lok Virsa held a cultural event to commemorate “World Day for Cultural Diversity” here on Wednesday for highlighting different cultural aspects of all the provinces and their traditional norms. Member National Assembly (MNA) Arifa Khalid Pervez, addressing the moot as chief guest stated that Lok Virsa Culture rendering tremendous services to present our soft image and real cultural face of the country to the outer world. She said culture is the only tool to promote the real cultural face to the outer world. The theme of the event was “One nations many cultures”, organized by Silk Road Centre in collaboration with Lok Virsa. Sharing her remarks MNA Arifa Khalid said artists and performers are undoubtedly our national asset and they act as ambassadors when they perform in the foreign countries. She lauded the efforts of Ministry of National Heritage and Integration as well as Lok Virsa for chalking out a comprehensive programme to highlight importance of the day. She commented that it is time that they should not only focused on provincial harmony and national integration but also highlight contributions of our people in building future of the country. Executive Director, silk road centre, Dr. Ijlal Hussain on the occasion said the country needs to be united as a nation rich in heritage, blessed with harmony accommodating different cultures, creeds and colours.

S TAFF R EPORTER I SLAMABAD —Minister for Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony Sardar Muhammad Yousaf Wednesday said that only quality education can bring socioeconomic changes in the country. Addressing the inauguration ceremony of Website of Islamabad Model College for Girls, F-7/4, federal minister said the website will help bringing closer the teachers and parents and also keep update the activities of the college. A large number of students, faculty members of the college, members of Parents Teachers Association (PTA) and official of Federal Education Directorate attended the event. The minister said government has put the country on the path of development by launching 3G and 4G services through a transparent process which will enhance the pace of communication in the country. The minister suggested that PTAs of all the educational institutions should form one association to cater the needs of the education sector and settle their issues. The minister said a huge void and social dichotomy in the younger generation is being created due to lack of unified education system and urged for measures to eliminate dual education system throughout the country.

RAWALPINDI—Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) has devised a plan for preventing flood in Nullah Leh and other nullahs of the town. The citizens particularly living in low-lying areas of the city and near nullahs have been urged not to throw garbage and solid waste in nullahs and drains as they create blockage in the way of flood water. Managing Director (MD) WASA, Raja Shoukat Mahmood talking to media persons said that the dredging work of Nullah Leh has been started which will be completed till June 20 at an estimated cost of six million rupees. Other Nullahs and drains of the town, which flow into Nullah Leh, would also be cleared. He appealed to the citizens to cooperate with sanitation department and refrain from littering garbage.

I SLAMABAD —Birth rate of female infants is 2.5 % higher than of their male counterparts in the Capital City Islamabad, INP has learnt. According to the data, from January 2013 to May 2014, 47.5 % male infants were registered with the Department of Municipal Administration (DMA) of Capital Development Au-thority (CDA) while the registration rate of female infants stood at 52.5 %. A total of 24,600 infants were regis-tered with the DMA which made the CDA to earn Rs 2.8 million. The DMA registers on average 60 new born babies every day from rural and urban areas of Islamabad Capital Territory. The data says that in the previous year 16,200 infants were registered while 8,500 births were registered till 20th May, 2014.—INP

Senator Muzaffar elected chairperson STAFF REPORTER

Federal Minister for Religious Affairs and interfaith Harmony, Sardar Muhammad Yousaf inaugurating Web-Site of IMCG F-7/4.

Dredging work of Nullah Leh started STAFF REPORTER

Female infant birth rate higher than male in capital

He said the citizens should come forward and play their role to make the efforts of the sanitation department regarding cleanliness of nullahs a success. Filth and solid waste should only be deposited at specific points from where it could easily be removed, he added. He said Nullah Leh mainly in low lying areas would be cleared of silt and solid waste adding the nullah would further be widened and deepened to save the city from the flood devastations. Shoukat said that Nullah Leh at Katrian Pull, Pirwadhai, City Saddar area, Moti Mahal, Aamar Chowk, High Court areas will especially be cleared and the work would be completed before the start of monsoon rains. He said a huge amount is required to eliminate the flood danger completely from the city but, WASA is making all out efforts with limited resources to save the citizens from the looming flood threat.

ISLAMABAD—Parliamentary committee on Appointment of Chairperson, here on Wednesday declared Senator Syed Muzaffar Hussain Shah as chairperson National Commission for Human Rights (NCHR) unanimously and unopposed. In a meeting, Senator Kamil Ali Agha proposed the name of Senator Syed Muzaffar Hussain Shah as the Chairperson of the Parliamentary body and Member National Assembly Dr Nafeesa Shah seconded the proposal.

5 criminal gangs busted; valuables recovered I S L A M A B A D —Crime Investigation Agency (CIA) of Islamabad Police has arrested 20 criminals of five various gangs and recovered gold ornaments, lap top, cameras , six motorcycles, car, weapons and 354 wine bottles from their possession, a police spokesman said. Special teams constituted by SP (Investigation) Jameel Ahmed Hashmi busted five gangs and arrested its 20 gangsters

who were found involved in dacoity, autotheft incidents, bootlegging and other criminal acts. These arrested culprits were identified as Musa, Raja Muddasar,Aamir,Tariq Mehmood, Adil, Ali, Nazir, Rizwan, Haseeb Mehmood, Sufyan Waris, Ali Raza, Zulifqar Ali, Shakil Anjum, Shar Javed, Ilyas, Asif, Abdul Waheed , Atta ur Rehman, Hasnain and Sufyan.

SP (Investigation) said police have recovered six stolen motorcycles, eight pistols, gold ornaments, car, mobiles phone, cameras, laptops, 354 bottles wine from their possession. Hashmi told that nabbed persons have confessed their involvement in several dacoity and auto-theft cases in various areas of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Further, investigation is underway, he added.—APP

CTP launch traffic week to raise awareness on road safety S TAFF R EPORTER R AWALPINDI —City Traffic Police (CTP) Rawalpindi Wednesday launched Traffic Week aimed at raising awareness about traffic rules and road safety particularly among motorcyclists. According to City Traffic Officer (CTO) Rawalpindi Senior Superintendent Police (SSP) Shoaib Khurram Janbaz, awareness pamphlets are being distributed among the motorcyclists. Mobile Education Unit of CTP would arrange special briefing sessions on road safety at different educational institutions and other public places in the city during traffic week, he added. In order to make the campaign more effective and meaningful traffic wardens and officers have been issued special instructions, he said adding, Education Wing of Traffic police has been making efforts to spread awareness so that the road journey could be made safe and sound.

special efforts are made to educate the citizens regarding traffic rules and road safety. The CTO urged the people to cooperate with traffic wardens as they are on the roads to facilitate them. A special squad is available to help and facilitate the citizens on Helpline 1915. He said that all traffic issues can be resolved by observing traffic rules which are for the safety and protection of the road users. He said civilized nations always observe traffic rules. The citizens should have knowledge about road safety and traffic rules that must be observed on roads. Traffic signals should not be violated as such violation with negligent driving may lead to a fatal accidents. He said that the traffic police was also disseminating information on various roads and traffic signals in order to educate citizens about traffic rules, signals and the damages caused by traffic violations.

CIA police presenting the arrested gangsters before media.

AAUR, UN-Habitat work for development of compost facility STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid

Daily Wage labourers taking nap under the shadow of tree while waiting for job at G-9, on Wednesday.

Agriculture University Rawalpindi (PMAS-AAUR) and UN-Habitat will work together for the development of composting facility with an aim to reuse waste materials and to minimize waste production in resulting to protect environment. This was decided in a meeting between AAUR, Vice Chancellor, Prof Dr Rai Niaz Ahmad and UN-Habitat, Country Programme Manager, Miss Bella Evidente here on Wednesday, said a press release. Touqeer Ahmad team leader of UNHabitat, Dr Arshad Nawaz, Director Advanced Studies of AAUR, Dean, Directors and senior official of the university were also present. In the meeting, participants discussed the technical and practical aspects of composting waste using simple technologies. Both the institutes agreed to provide technical support to the farmers for the set-up of compost heaps using their farm waster to reduce the overuse of chemical fertilizers. They agreed to conduct compost production courses to create awareness of organic fertilizer to the people and

farmers of the region. Both institutes agreed to update people on the development of innovative composting technologies to enhance the effectiveness, aesthetics and applicability of the composted material to increase acceptability among smallholder farmers. They agreed to increase participants’ knowledge on proper handling of composted organic fertilizer to eliminate any risks associated with their use and identify policy options for promoting innovative composting alternatives use in an integrated soil fertility management approach. The collaboration will also be helpful to enable the community people to acquire the knowledge and skills on household’s waste management through composting and recycling techniques for organic materials by processing organic waste/household’s waste to compost. Prof Dr Rai Niaz Ahmad on the occasion said that agriculture is the primary source of livelihood for the majority of rural communities in Pakistan and it is not easy to end the use of chemical fertilizers as this directly impacts their output. However, encouraging the use of organic fertilizer, made from composting farm waster like groundnut stock, rice

straw and corn husk is a mean to reducing the dependence on chemical fertilizer, he added. He said it can prevent the heaping of solid waste piles in our living environment, thus avoiding groundwater pollution, land contamination, greenhouse gas emission, and many other environmental problems. In addition, it can be practiced in so many ways that are applicable either at the household or community level. Miss Bella Evidente presented the establishment of first Integrated Resource Recovery Center (IRRC) located at G-15, Islamabad. She said that in modern era composting is so useful and much cheaper for us. It not only helps to protect the environment but also no longer need to buy chemical fertilizer. She was of the view that there is an abundance of such farm waste after every harvest. However many farmers either did not know or have forgotten the usefulness of this freely available resource, she added. Earlier, Dr. Arshad Nawaz Chaudhry presented the collaboration aspects for product optimization, compost development and its quality through periodic testing for the development of composting facility.


Pak economic growth encouraging foreign investors: Dr Ebad

Port Qasim shipping activity KARACHI—Three ships carrying containers and steel coil were berthed at Qasim International Containers Terminal and Multi Purpose Terminal respectively. Meanwhile four more ships carrying containers and edible oil also arrived at outer anchorage of Port Qasim during last 24 hours. Berth occupancy was 45% at the Port on Wednesday where five ships namely Al Rain, CGM Moliere, Ikan Sembak, Star Masaya and Global Vika are currently occupying berths to load/offload containers, cement/coil, steel coil and edible oil respectively during last 24 hours. A cargo volume of 42165 tonnes comprising 26475 tonnes imports and 15690 tonnes exports inclusive of containerized cargo carried in 1414 containers (TEUs) were handled at the Port during last 24 hours.—APP

Conversion rates KARACHI—The following rates will be applicable for conversion into rupees of Foreign Currency Deposits, Dollar Bearer Certificates, Foreign Currency Bearer Certificates, Special U.S. Dollar Bonds and profits thereon by all banks and for providing Forward Cover on Foreign Currency Deposits (excluding F.E25 deposits) by the State Bank on May 22, 2014. The rates are U.S. Dollar Rs. 98.8809, Japanese Yen Rs. 0.9788, Pound Sterling Rs. 167.0495 and Euro Rs. 135.5658.—APP

Huawei 3G HONOR 3C LAHORE—Huawei

Electronics is to launch the 3G enabled handset “HONOR 3C” in Pakistan. The latest phone will be available with Zong deals from27th May at Huawei’s retail outlets and CMPak customer service centers across the country. The new sleek and stylish phone, designed as the perfect combination of fast speed, great signal strength and extreme battery life, is the latest addition of valuable products the company has launched in Pakistan.—PR

Don’t solicit feedback on your product, idea or your business just for validation purposes. You want to tell the people who can help move your idea forward, but if you’re just looking to your friend, coworker, husband or wife for validation, be careful. It can stop a lot of multimillion-dollar ideas in their tracks in the beginning. —Sara Blakely

KARACHI—Governor Sindh Dr Ishratul Ebad his country to invest in Pakistan, particu-

LAHORE: Members of Swedish Parliamentary Delegation led by Per Westerberg posing for a group photo during their visit to LCCI.

Govt releases Rs 750m for food security under PSDP I SLAMABAD —The government has so far ing the agriculture sector in the country. To released Rs. 750 million for various developmental projects of Ministry of National Food Security and Research under its public Sector Development Programme (PSDP) for the financial year 2013-14. According the latest data of Ministry of Planning Development and Reforms, Rs. 750 million was allocated in PSDP 2013-14 for different projects of the ministry. Out of the total allocation, Rs. 230 million was released for Research for Agriculture Development Programme and Rs.120 million was provided to National Institute of Genomic and Advanced BioTechnology. In compliance with WTO-Establishment of an Integrated National Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (NAPHIS), the government has released Rs. 72 million for Special Program for Strengthening of SPS Facilities and Quality Inspection Services. A sum of Rs. 65 million has been released for the project Pak China Cooperation for Agricultural Research and Development share the agri-research for promot-

promote the agri-sector in costal area of Balochistan, the government has provided Rs. 15 million for Strengthening of Coastal Agriculture Research Station Bhawani Balochistan. Under PSDP 2013-14, the government has provided Rs. 45 million for the project of Monitoring of Crops through Satellite Technology, which will help the farmers to keep them updated about weather and spray of different pesticides in the fields. To promote the livestock sector in Balochistan Province government has also released Rs. 12.684 million for the project of Establishment of Animal Quarantine Station, Gwadar. Where as Rs. 15 million was provided for Establishment of Horticulture Research Institute, Khuzdar Balochistan with an aim to promote the horticulture sector and enhancing farm income. Rs. 8 million has been released for Establishment of Horticulture Unit for Nursery Fruit Plant and Vegetable Seed Certification System across the country to provide certified seed for farmers to enhance per acre crop output in the country.—APP

International exhibition on energy to attract 25 countries in Pakistan AMANULLAH KHAN KARACHI—Since energy sector is the most lucrative area of investment over 200 companies from over 25 countries will be participating in the 12th International Exhibition for the Energy Industry-POGEE-2014 scheduled from May 28 to May 30, 2014. The participating companies in the show including with a majority from China, Germany, Iran, India, Italy, Japan, Pakistan, U.A.E., U.K, U.S.A, Ukraine, Malaysia, Egypt, Australia, Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Netherlands, Saudia, Switzerland, Thailand and Turkey. Being held at Expo Centre, Lahore, the exhibition is geared up for an extensive display of technological advancement and innovative services and is attracting a good number of visitors from cities like Faisalabad, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Rawalpindi, Muzzafargarh, Shaikhupura, Multan, Lahore and Karachi. The exhibition provides an opportunity to bring together the international business professionals and the leading local industry players to exchange their technical and business expertise to acquaint the local industry with the latest developments in the energy sector. POGEE- 2014 will also be featuring a highly focused Conference program that is aimed at bringing South Asia’s Energy Industry into the limelight. The POGEE Conference offers an excellent platform for exchange of views & information to the highly targeted audience from Oil, Gas and Energy Industry. 10th International Conference will commence on 29th May 2014, and will be

based on the theme “Empowering Pakistan’s Energy Future: Innovation and Investment”. Mrs. Saniya Awais, Managing Director, Punjab Power Development Board (PPDB) will grace the POGEE Conference as the special guest. The first session of the Conference will have participation of eminent speakers from Board of Investment (BOI), Private Power & Infrastructure Board (PPIB), Oil & Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA), GE and NSR Group China. Adding further value to the conference, an Exclusive Panel Discussion on “Exploring Prospects for Coal Based Power Generation” will be conducted by Dr. Muhammad Bilal Khan, National University of Science and Technology (NUST). The panelists include Mr. Shamasudin Shaikh, CEO, Sindh Engro Coal Mining Company, Mr. Zubair Shafi Ghauri, Chief Marketing Manager, Pakistan Railways, Dr. M. Ashraf Moten, Chief Chemist, Coal and Energy Development Department, Underground Coal Gasification Project, and Prof. Dr. Shahid Munir, Director, Centre for Coal Technology, University of Punjab. POGEE will be an ideal platform to display the latest in technology, equipment and machinery as well as allied services, while providing investors with a definite outlook of the regional energy industry and an opportunity to meet their prospective counterparts and business partners. This globally recognized platform anticipates that participation of each individual brings benefit and success in their businesses and enables the country to move a step forward towards its economic growth.

Khushhalibank introduces Sehat Khushhali Plus I S L A M A B A D —Khushhali Bank has introduced Sehat Khushhali Plus, an innovative micro health insurance product to its clients in collaboration with Micro Ensure Pakistan and Jubilee Life Insurance Company. A statement issued by the bank here Wednesday said that Sehat Khushhali Plus is an innovative micro heath plan providing valuable financial protection of an insured member’s hospitalization due to any reason. Research has shown that micro-finance clients, especially those living in far flung rural areas, want freedom when it comes to the choice of hospital so that they could approach the nearest facility if inpatient treatment is required.—APP

Finance ministry releases Rs 4.2b to PSM STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Ministry of Finance has released the sum of Rs.4.2 billion to Pakistan Steel Mills. The amount is the first tranche of the approved restructuring package of Rs.18.5 billion from the Government of Pakistan. Pay slips for two months salaries (February 2014 and March 2014) of all the employees have been issued. Moreover, two L/C’s for procurement of Coking Coal each of 55,000 Metric Tonnes amounting to Rs.1.5 billion have been opened. The remaining amount will be utilized for payment of utility bills, capital repairs and disbursement of payment to suppliers. As the news for the payment of salaries was floated a wave of happiness ran among all the employees of PSM. We are hopeful that the recent approved package by Government of Pakistan will help PSM to bounce back into the market. Pakistan Steel management is confident that with the release of the first tranche of the approved package, production of the mill would start improving to achieve the targets set by Government of Pakistan.

Khan has said the image of Pakistan is being wrongly portrayed in some sections of the media quite contrary to the ground realities. He was talking to the Ambassador of Finland to Pakistan Rauli Suikkanen who called on him here on Wednesday. The Honorary Ambassador of Finland was also present on the occasion. This negative impression given by the media makes the investors shy to invest here but the foreign multi national companies, which had invested in Pakistan, were continuously expanding their business which bears the proof of conducive business environment in the country, the Governor said. Pakistan’s economy is on the path of progress. This is the right time for the investors to invest in the country, he observed. The Governor apprised the ambassador of the Finnish that mobile company Nokia has been leading the Pakistani market for a long period, which is an honour for the company and Finland. He invited the Finnish diplomat to encourage more companies of

larly in Sindh province, assuring that the government would offer complete support to the investors in that regard. The federal and provincial governments have clearly set their priorities for establishing peace in the province he said and assured the ambassador of the positive outcome of these efforts. The Governor said the European Union recently granted the GSP Plus status to Pakistan, which shows the quality of Pakistani products and their demand in the EU. The ambassador Suikkanen said Sindh particularly Karachi was ideal for investment and many sectors offer opportunity for cooperation. He pointed out mining, energy, and education as the specific sectors of importance for the Finnish investors. The Ambassador informed the Governor that the incumbent president of Finland had acquired his college education from Swedish Technical College in Karachi.—APP

PM to award 3G, 4G mobile licenses to successful bidders ISLAMABAD—Prime Minister Mohammad 132 million mobile phone subscribers and Nawaz Sharif will award 3G and 4G Mobile Spectrum Licenses to the successful mobile operating bidders here on Thursday. In a very transparent auction held by Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) in April 2014, the government raised $902.82 million in the first auction for 3G mobile phone networks and $210 million for the 4G spectrum. Winning mobile operators for 3G License include Mobilink, Telenor and Ufone, while Zong was declared successful for both 3G and 4G Licenses. Pakistan has more than

has now provided the latest mobile communication technology to its users. Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif had directed Ministry of Information Technology to speed up the introduction process of both 3G and 4G technologies in Pakistan and to catch up with the rest of the world. The award of these licenses will contribute Rs 260 billion additional revenue to the exchequer and at the same time open up thousands of employment opportunities in the country.—APP

Italian trade delegation holds interaction with Pakistani counterparts STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—The Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority (SMEDA), through Investment Promotion Unit (IPU), opened a series of business- to- business meetings between Italian and Pakistani entrepreneurs at Pakistan-Italian Trade & Investment Business Forum held on Wednesday in SMEDA head office with a keynote by Mr. Alamgir Chaudhry, Acting Chief Executive Officer, SMEDA. Mr Dino Fortunato, from UNIDO ITPO, Rome, Mr. Brian Portelli, from UNIDO Head Office Vienna, Austria and Mr Imran Chaudhry, National Project Coordinator, IPU were also present on this occasion. The Acting CEO SMEDA, while welcoming the members of Italian Trade Delegation, appreciated United Nations Industrial Organization (UNIDO) for activating the IPU with Italian Investment. He also applauded the Italian government for allocating funds to promote

bilateral trade and joint ventures between business communities of Pakistan and Italy. He assured of the fullest cooperation on behalf of SMEDA in facilitating the business match making of the two nations through IPU. Mr. Imran Chaudhry, National Project Coordinator, IPU while highlighting the mandate and role of IPU in SME development of Pakistan informed that the Italian trade delegation’s current visit is a part of the IPU’s endeavors for promoting Italian investments in Pakistan under umbrella of SMEDA. The Italian delegation was comprising representatives of renowned Italian companies including “Bellelli Engineering SPA”, “Faresin Building Division S.P.A” and “Ddway srl gruppo Dedagroup”,which are looking for the local partners dealing in elevator shafts, scaffolding, large earthmoving equipment and management software for retail and fashion industry.

ISLAMABAD: Federal Minister for Commerce, Khurram Dastagir Khan addressing a Press conference.

Sweden keen to enhance bilateral trade relations with Pakistan SALIM AHMED L AHORE —Speaker of the Swedish Parliament Per Westerberg has said that Sweden is keen to enhance relations with Pakistan in the fields of trade, tourism, health and technical education. Per Westerberg was speaking at the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry on Wednesday. LCCI President Engineer Sohail Lashari threw light on bilateral relations between the two countries while Swedish Ambassador in Pakistan Tomas Rosander and LCCI Vice President Kashif Anwar also spoke on the occasion. The Swedish Speaker, who was heading a large high-powered trade and Parliamentary delegation, said that their first ever visit to Pakistan was enough to make the point that Sweden attaches great importance to this country. Per Westerberg said that Sweden considers Pakistan its closest friend and economic partner. He said that Swedish business community was aware of the huge economic

potential that exists in Pakistan and has expressed its keenness for utilising that untapped potential. He said that his country was ready to extend cooperation in the field of Hydro electricity as Sweden was producing more than 60 per cent its electricity through hydro means. He said that the Sweden believes that Pakistan’s economy was heading in right direction under the present democratic set up but it would have to go further to attract more foreign investment. The Speaker highlighted the need of regular parliamentary and trade exchanges between Pakistan and Swedish in order to enhance bilateral relations therefore a special attention should be given towards this particular area. Speaking on the occasion, the LCCI president Engineer Sohail Lashari thanked the Swedish government for supporting Pakistan on GSP Plus status. This has enhanced exports of Pakistan to the European Union and will definitely uplift the economy of Pakistan through a number of ways including creation of

new job opportunities. He said that Pak-Swedish relations have immense potential to grow and the enhancement of trade, business, education exchange programs, medical research and tourism can further augment out already friendly ties. There should be exchange of students on regular basis as well as that of medical scholars. We request the Swedish government to allocate a certain quota of scholarships for the Pakistani students in order to uplift the education standard in our country. The potential areas of cooperation and investment for Sweden in Pakistan are Health Care and Life Sciences, Energy and Environmental Technology, Information and Communication Technologies, Business Infrastructure and Services and Manufacturing & Materials Technology. He said that Sweden and Pakistan should have tourism packages for each other as both countries have places, which are heaven for tourists. Our northern areas have spots, which are famous world wide for

their beautiful locations. Mountaineering, paragliding and polo are sports, which are widely played in those areas. The culture and civilization is worth witnessing. In fact we have here in Pakistan the world’s oldest civilization. Harappa and Moenjodaro are places, which have earned world fame for being the oldest civilizations in the world, and are a striking tourist attraction. Major Swedish export sectors are paper and pulp, telecommunication equipment, machinery, trucks, chemicals, metals and defense equipment. Swedish multinational companies such as Ericsson, Saab, Tetrapak, Volvo, ABB, Atlas Copco, Oriflame and Alfa Laval dominate the Swedish exports. Pakistan exports to Sweden consist mainly of textile, garments, leather and sports goods. Swedish delegation included members of Swedish parliament Lars Johansson, Gunner Axen, Wiwi-Anne Johansson and Karlin Nilsson.


Perera sets up Sri Lanka win over England LONDON—Thisara Perera starred with England in the group stage in March. too much for Ravi Bopara, who finThat match saw Alex Hales become the first England batsman to score a Twenty20 international hundred. But this time around his 66, albeit off 41 balls with seven fours and two sixes, was not enough to take England to victory. England saw opener Michael Carberry, making his Twenty20 international debut, Ian Bell, playing his first match at this level for three years, Joe Root and Morgan all fall cheaply as Hales looked on from the other end. The bigh i t t i n g Nottinghamshire opener kept going until he was England Innings: clean bowled by Carberry b Mathews ..... 7 Sri Lanka captain Hales b Malinga .......... 66 Lasith Malinga, Bell c K Perera b Malinga13 hitting across the Root b Lakmal ................ 5 England Morgan c Lakmal line, were then 139 for b T Perera ....................... 5 Buttler c Dilshan six in the 17th over. b Kulasekara ................ 26 Malinga, R. Bopara not out ........ 28 widely regarded C. Jordan b Malinga ..... 5 as the world’s C. Woakes not out ........ 2 leading Twenty20 Extras: (b1, lb5, w11) ... 17 bowler, proved Total: (7 wkts, 20 overs)174 Fall of wickets: 1-9, 2-45, 3- tough to get away 58, 4-85, 5-124, 6-139, 7-158 in taking three for 28 with his disBowling: ......... O-M-R-W tinctive ‘slingKulasekara ......... 4-0-39-1 shot’ deliveries. Mathews .............. 2-0-7-1 And a tarLakmal ................. 4-0-44-1 get of 24 off the Senanayake ........ 3-0-26-0 last over, bowled Malinga .............. 4-0-28-3 by Suranga T Perera .............. 3-0-24-1 Lakmal, proved

both bat and ball as Sri Lanka gained revenge for their World Twenty20 defeat by England with a nine-run win at The Oval on Tuesday. Man-of-the-match Perera made a rapid 49 in World Twenty20 champions Sri Lanka’s 183 for seven and then captured the important wicket of England captain Eoin Morgan under the floodlights in this day/night clash. On their way to winning this year’s World Twenty20 in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka suffered a six-wicket loss to

Sri Lanka Innings: Perera c Bopara b Jordan10 T. Dilshan b Gurney .... 14 Vithanage c Carberry b Woakes ..................... 38 Thirimanne c Hales b Gurn e y ................................ 40 Chandimal b Root ......... 7 Mathews c Root b Tredwell ..................... 13 T. Perera run out .......... 49 N. Kulasekara not out .. 9 Extras: (lb2, w1) ............. 3 Total: (7 wkts, 20 overs)183 Fall of wickets: 1-24, 2-24, 378, 4-85, 5-122, 6-141, 7-183 Bowling: ......... O-M-R-W Root .................... 2-0-16-1 Woakes ............... 4-0-31-1 Gurney ................ 4-0-26-2 Jordan ................. 4-0-43-1 Tredwell .............. 4-0-41-1 Bopara ................ 2-0-24-0

Ribery says this is his last World Cup P ARIS—France star Franck Ribery declared on Wednesday that the 2014 World Cup finals would be his last but the Bayern Munich forward left the door open to compete at Euro 2016. Ribery, 31, who burst on to the international scene at the 2006 World Cup in Germany, told broadcaster RTL: “This will be my final World Cup.” Assessing his chances of leaving the World Cup stage on a high in Brazil the

ished on 28 not out. Sri Lanka, after losing the toss in overcast conditions, saw both openers depart with the score on 24. Nottinghamshire left-arm paceman Harry Gurney needed just four balls of his Twenty20 international debut to take a wicket. Gurney bowled Tillakaratne Dilshan (14) with a fine delivery that clipped the top of off-stump and went on to lead the attack with impressive figures of two for 26 from four overs. Dilshan’s fellow opener Kusal Perera (10) exited when he clipped Chris Jordan straight to Bopara at short fine leg. Left-handers Kithuruwan Vithanage (38) and Lahiru Thirimanne (40) repaired the damage with a thirdwicket stand of 54. Vithanage in particular got Sri Lanka going again with three fours, all behind square on the offside, in as many balls off medium-pacer Bopara. Both of Sri Lanka’s leading batsmen in the innings were reprieved courtesy of dropped catches. Thisara Perera was put down on 20 by Carberry as Morgan also converged on a skyer. Thirimanne had made just 14 when he was missed at point by Jordan, although it was a sharp chance. He eventually fell when he struck a full toss from Gurney to mid-wicket. Thisara Perera’s reprieve proved particularly costly for seamer Jordan, who saw the big-hitting left-hander smash his final four deliveries for 22 runs.—AFP

ICC doing everything to fight corruption: Richardson ISLAMABAD —ICC Chief Executive David to confirm that, by assisting with the Richardson on Wednesday said the AntiCorruption and Security Unit (ACSU) has zero tolerence against corrruption and was doing everything to curb it. Richardson spoke in response to recent media coverage of investigations being carried out by the ACSU, and also provided an insight into the review of the structures for combating corruption at international and domestic level within the sport, says a press release issued here. Richardson said we are taking all steps available to urgently investigate how certain information in the form of statements has come to find its way into the media, so that we can provide reassurances to the stakeholders within the sport so that they can continue to place their trust in the hands of the ACSU and the anticorruption units of the respective Member Boards in protecting the integrity of the sport. Richardson said we wish to emphasize that New Zealand player Brendon McCullum is not under investigation in this matter. “We have offered our full support to Brendon, we do so now publicly not only

ACSU’s enquiries, he has acted quite properly in accordance with his responsibilities as a professional cricketer, but also correct any misperception that he is somehow under suspicion. He is to be commended for his actions and we deeply regret that aspects of his statement are now in the public domain,” he said. Responding a question on Lou Vincent, who provided evidence to ASCU regarding corruption including of a former Pakistan cricketer, Richardson said Lou Vincent has cooperated fully with the ASCU’s investigators, so it would not be appropriate for the ICC to comment on his position at this stage. “Nor is the ICC in a position to identify any other individuals that may or may not have been interviewed as part of this, or any other investigation,” he said. Richardson said ACSU has also developed strong links to local law enforcement and investigating agencies in the ICC’s key territories. “ACSU has available all the experience and resources necessary to enable it to properly carry out its functions,” he said.—APP

European footballer of the Year said: “We have to go there to achieve something, to try to win the World Cup, quite simply.”—AFP

LONDON: C Jordan was bowled by Malinga during England vs Sri Lanka, T20 at The Oval.

Chile lose Fernandez for World Cup SANTIAGO—Fiorentina midfielder Matias Fernandez withdrew from Chile’s World Cup squad on Wednesday with an ankle injury that is more serious than he initially suspected. Fernandez, 28, was retained in coach Jorge Sampaoli’s 27-man squad, reduced from 30 at the weekend. He had only just arrived in the Chilean capital Santiago when he discovered that a partial rupture of ankle ligaments, which had been bothering him for several weeks, would require an operation. “It is very sad but it would be irresponsible of me to go to the World Cup,” Fernandez, formerly of Villarreal and Sporting Lisbon and who played for Chile at the 2010 World Cup, told a press conference. “I never thought it was so serious.” Sampaoli must reduce his squad to a final 23-man list by June 2 and also has concerns over Juventus midfielder Arturo Vidal, who arrived in Santiago while still recovering from a knee operation.—AFP

Jedinak named Australia captain for WC

LONDON —England captain Alastair Cook judged on as an England captain. will be under pressure as never before when he tries to return the team to winning ways this season, according to former skipper Michael Vaughan. Despite leading the side in their 5-0 Ashes rout by Australia and enduring a loss of form as well, Essex opener Cook has retained his position as Test and one-day captain. But the fall-out from a wretched tour programme has seen Andy Flower step down as coach and be replaced by Peter Moores, now in his second spell in the job. Significantly, Cook was also involved in the decisions to end the international career of Kevin Pietersen, England’s all-time leading run-scorer, and ditch his Essex mentor Graham Gooch as the team’s batting coach. In the circumstances, Vaughan believes Cook will be desperate for a successful series against Sri Lanka and India, England’s opponents in their home international programme this season. “The pressure is on him. Any failure, any disappointment will be jumped on by a lot of people,” Vaughan, who led England in 51 Tests from 2003 until 2008, told BBC Sport. “Even though he’s won an Ashes and won in India, Cook will probably feel like this is a fresh start, what he’s going to be

“He has made some tough calls. He has got rid of his best pal—batting coach Graham Gooch—although I believe it was a management decision and a Peter Moores coaching decision as much as Alastair Cook’s. “He has got rid of the man who has scored more runs for England than anyone else in Kevin Pietersen so, although the public will be behind him, there will also be more pressure on the England side.” Cook is set to lead England in the first one-day international against Sri Lanka at The Oval on Thursday and former off-spinner Graeme Swann, who dramatically retired during the Ashes, said an early win would do wonders for the morale of both players and fans alike. “Alastair Cook will be desperate for a couple of new heroes to emerge and really stamp their names on proceedings for the summer and become the new faces of English cricket,” Swann told BBC Radio Five. “We need to play in front of full houses, we need to play exciting cricket, but most importantly we just need to win. “Three or four wins at the start of this summer and all will be forgotten.”—AFP

McIlroy breaks off engagement to Wozniacki

S YDNEY —Midfielder Mile L ONDON —Rory McIlroy on Wednesday plained through a statement issued by his Jedinak was named Socceroos captain for the World Cup finals on Wednesday, confirming his succession to long-term skipper and leader of

Bulls injure three matadors, halting Madrid bullfight

announced he had broken off his engagement to Danish tennis player Caroline Wozniacki only days after sending out the wedding invitations. The 24-year-old Northern Irishman and two-time major champion said the issuing of the invitations had made him aware that he was not ready for marriage. “There is no right way to end a relationship that has been so important to two people,” the two-time major champion ex-

Dublin-based communications consultants. “The problem is mine,” McIlroy said. “The wedding invitations issued at the weekend made me realise that I wasn’t ready for all that marriage entails. “I wish Caroline all the happiness she deserves and thank her for the great times we’ve had. I will not be saying anything more about our relationship in any setting.”—AFP

Arif Abbasi refuses to take PCB’s charge as chief consultant BIPIN DANI OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT

MADRID—Half-tonne fighting bulls skewered or trampled all three matadors in an extraordinary upset at Madrid’s prestigious Las Ventas bullring, forcing the entire spectacle to be cancelled. For the first time in 35 years, the San Isidro festival, which opens the bullfighting season in Spain, had to be suspended on Tuesday evening because all the matadors had been injured. “Drama in Las Ventas” ran the front page headline of conservative daily ABC over a full-page photograph of a huge bull plunging its right horn into the side of the most seriously injured matador, David Mora, before he fell to the ground.—AFP

Cook under pressure as never before: Vaughan

M UMBAI —Apparently, Arif Ali Khan

Spanish bullfighter Antonio Nazare is tossed by a Los Chospes ranch fighting bull during a bullfight at Las Ventas bullring in Madrid.

Australia’s ‘golden generation’ Lucas Neill. Jedinak was handed the armband for Australia’s last friendly against Ecuador and will now retain it for the Brazil campaign, where the Socceroos have been grouped with world champions Spain, the Netherlands and Chile for the opening round. “It is a privileged position and an accolade he richly deserves after the incredible job he has done at Crystal Palace in the toughest club competition in world football the English Premier League,”— APP

Abbasi’s appointment as Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) new chief consultant was shortest ever. On Tuesday, the PCB chairman Zaka Ashraf had appointed him as the Chief Consultant. However, less than 24 hours of this announcement, Arif Abbasi has refused to take charge. “I don’t want to work under Najam Sethi”, he said over telephone from Pakistan. On Wednesday Supreme Court has ordered a stay against Zaka Ashraf discharging the duty as PCB chairman till both parties are heard on 27th May and reinstated Najam Sethi. “I shall resume my duty only if Zaka Ashraf is back on chair. Will wait for the order on 27th and if he is not back, will not back Najam Sethi”, he added.

Interestingly, on Wednesday, my designation was to be renamed either as Managing Director or the Chief Executive of the PCB and not the Chief Consultant”, he added. “It is a musical game between the two and I can’t work under this situation. I accepted Zaka Ashraf’s offer only for the betterment of the game in this country”, he added. “My desire is to bring the credibility of the PCB”, he added. During his first tenure with the PCB as its CEO, the contribution made by Arif Ali Khan Abbasi was enormous. The idea of having neutral umpires and match-referees was first mooted by him. The formation of the Asian Cricket Council (ACC) was during his time as the PCB official. The proposal of awarding Test status to Sri Lanka was mooted by the PCB under his tenure. His last proposal to have the Test World Cup is yet to be approved by the ICC.


E-cigarettes boost quitting success among smokers

S

MOKERS trying to quit are 60 percent more likely to report success if they switch to e-cigarettes than if they use nicotine products like patches or gum, or just willpower, scientists said. Presenting findings from a study of almost 6,000 smokers over five years, the researchers said the results suggest ecigarettes could play an important role in reducing smoking rates and hence cutting tobacco-related deaths and illnesses. As well as causing lung cancer and other chronic respiratory diseases, tobacco smoking is also a major contributor to cardiovascular diseases, the world’s number one killer. “E-cigarettes could substantially improve public health because of their widespread appeal and the huge health gains associated with stopping smoking,” said Robert West of University College London’s epidemiology and public health department, who led the study. Mainly funded by the charity Cancer Research UK and published in the journal Addiction, West’s study surveyed 5,863 smokers between 2009 and 2014 who had tried to quit without using prescription medicines or professional help. The results were adjusted for a range of factors that might influence success at quitting, West said - including age, nicotine dependence, previous attempts to give up smoking, and whether quitting was gradual or abrupt. They showed that 20 percent of people trying to quit with the aid of e-cigarettes reported

having stopped smoking conventional cigarettes. That compared with just 10.1 percent of those using over-the-counter aids such as nicotine replacement patches or gum. Of those using willpower alone, 15.4 percent had managed to stop. E-cigarettes contain nicotine - a stimulant not thought to be particularly harmful, although it is addictive - delivering it in a water vapour rather than in smoke from burning tobacco. A relatively new product, they have become highly controversial, with public health opinion split over whether they might be a powerful tool in helping those hooked on cigarettes to finally give up, or whether they simply replace one bad habit with another. Because switching to ecigarettes from tobacco ones does not entail kicking the addiction to nicotine, some specialists say they could spell the end of smoking - which the World Health Organisation (WHO) calls “one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced”.But critics point to a lack of long-term scientific evidence to support the safety and effectiveness of e-cigarettes, and warn they may also re-normalise smoking, enticing children or other non-smokers to take it up. West agreed that evidence about longterm use is e-cigarettes is scant, but stressed the balance of risks had to be weighed against the very strong evidence of tobacco’s harms. “It’s not clear whether long-term use of e-cigarettes carries health risks, but from what is known about the contents of the vapour these will be much less than from smoking,” he said.

Rangers on alert after bomb blast at Rangers Headquarters, Nazimabad.—PO photo Sultan Chaki

Qaim for effective utilisation of funds in education sector STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah has directed the finance department to allocate additional funds in maintenance and repair (M&R) head of the education department in forthcoming fiscal year 201415 and establishment of Sindh Education Fund for effective utilization of foreign funds for the uplift and pro-

Revalidation of arms licences extended STAFF REPORTER Urdu poet Anwar Shaoor presents fourth compilation of his poetry ‘Dil ka kiya rang karun’ to Dr Muhammad Younus at launching ceremony organized by the Karachi Arts Council’s Literary Committee. Faisal Sabzwari, Dr Fatima Hasan and others are also seen in the picture.—PO photo

MQM demands safety of school owners, marble traders STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Muttahida Qaumi Movement’s (MQM) Coordination Committee has strongly condemned reports of harassment of owners of schools and marble traders in SITE, Metro Ville and Manghopir areas. They are receiving extortion slips demanding money. In a statement they deplored that extortionists have now turned to schools owners

and teachers. Recently, they brutally killed a school principal and his son. It is deplorable no action was taken against the killers, said the committee. Two days ago they killed a marble trader in Manghopir when he refused to pay them extortion money. Traders and schools are receiving extortion slips. People who refuse to pay them are being killed. The situation has forced teachers and school owners along with traders to stage protest demonstrations, it said.

KARACHI—Home Department Government of Sindh has extended revalidation of manual arms licences for six months from May 1, 2014 to Oct 31, 2014. According to notification issued by Home department, the initial extension for three month will be without any penalty on the prescribed fee of Rs 1000 and subsequently the next three month i.e. from Aug 1, 2014 to Oct 31, 2014 with penalty of Rs 500/ to be deposited into Sindh government account.

Non-release of development funds STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Sheerazi Brethren belonging to Thatta had Wednesday filed a petition in Sindh High Court in which they had complained about discriminatory behaviour of Sindh government regarding allocating and releasing

motion education sector. This he directed while presiding over high level meeting of education and finance department here on Wednesday. The CM said that PPP’s provincial government is endeavoring hard for improving the education sector for have qualitative education facilities to the people for which various initiatives have been taken by the Sindh Government. He directed the Education de-

partment officers to ensure all required facilities in Schools of the province specially furniture, fixture and learning items to facilitate the student and teachers. The meeting also agreed with proposal to shift execution of funds utilization under M&R head from works and services department to the authorities of education department and it was decided that final decision in this regard would be taken in joint

meeting of works and services, education and finance department. Senior Minister for Education and literacy Nisar Ahmed Khuhro said that our focus is to upgrade the existing primary secondary and higher secondary schools ensure all missing facilities increase enrolment specially of girls students and ensure qualitative education through Administrative and institutional reforms.

CS approves promotion of five Superintendents of jails STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Sindh Government has assured promotion orders of 5 Superintendents of Jail to the post of Senior Superintendent of Jail from BPS-18 to BPS-19. Those promoted to the rank of Senior Superintendents of Jail in BPS-19 include Younus Masih, Aijaz Hyder, Qazi Nazeer Ahmed, Nasir Khan and Shahid Hussain Chajro. The PSB-II met in the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary Sindh Sajjad Saleem Hotiana, in C.S. House on Wednesday morning. Senior Minister/ Minister for Jails Manzoor Hussain Wassan also attended the meeting, who expressed congratulation to the newly promoted officer. Secretary Services Shafiq Ahmed Mahisar, Secretary Home Niaz Ali Abbasi, Special Secretary for Prisons Dr. Nawaz Shaikh and Inspector General Prisons Nusrat Mangan were also present. Moreover, the Chief Secretary Sindh Sajjad Saleem

Hotiana, also approved promotion of 20 Additional Private Secretaries (BPS-16) to the post of Private Secretaries (BPS17), which included Noman Waheed, Abdul Razzak, Shaukat Ali, Muhammad Farooq, Muhammad Ramzan, Abdul Waheed, Muhammad Panjal, Syed Salman Ali, Mukhtiar Hussain, Faisal Hussain, Naeem Latif Mangrio, Basheer Ahmed, Mumtaz Ali, Sarang Abdul Sattar, Muhammad Kamran and Ghulam Murtaza. Meanwhile, promotions of 17 personal Assistant (PAs) have also been approved to the post of Additional Private Secretary (BS-16), namely Shahzad Alam, Hafeezullah, Mashooq Ali Loond, Mukesh Kumar, Amjad Hussain, Muhammad Afzal, Shafiq Ujjan, Faiz Ahmed Pitafi, Hizbullah Mangi, Inayatullah Abbasi, Maqsood Ahmed, Muhammad Shahid, Aijaz Ali, Ghulam Mustafa, Muhammad Ashraf, Asif Ali Dahari, Zahid Ali Sahto, Syed Noor Muhammad, Ishfaque Baloch and Ghulam Mujtaba.

Asad warns of protest over hike in power tariff IRFAN ALIGI K ARACHI —Federal Government would once again hike the electricity tariff in July this year and if the tariff would be hiked then the Federal Government should also stay ready to experience severe public agitation as the

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) would lead the masses in their protest against the federal government and would also stage severe protest in the Parliament. Pakistan was the only country in South Asia where power tariff was higher than the rest of the countries in the region. PTI Central leader Asad Umer said

this in a press conference Wednesday at the central media cell of the party in DHA. Umer said that it would be a folly to expect the federal government would offer any sort of relief to the masses that had already been pinned to wall with the ever-escalating prices of essential commodities and poverty.

funds for developments in their electoral constituencies. They had in their petition mentioned that Sindh government had purposely withheld funds for development in favour of them because they had their political affiliations with the ruling party in Centre, Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz.

One cop for security of 1500 civilians IRFAN ALIGI KARACHI—There should be one cop at least in Karachi over 450 citizens as was laid in Police Rules chapter 2 but presently, just a cop is for 1500 citizens while the population of the metropolis had already crossed 20 million and the heavy influx of population from other provinces especially Khyber Pakhtoonkhawa and Punjab was still not checked. This situation had caused severe problems pertaining to civic and law and order to emerge while the water and sewerage infrastructure was under unprecedented heavy stress. According to details, there were a total of 26847 officers and cops in Police department for the mega port city of

Karachi of which 8541 officers and cops were deployed for VVIP security duties. The approved strength of Police force for the city was 31000 and thus 4000 officers and cops were needed to make the approved strength available. In London, 48500 cops were on duty for 7.4 million persons while in New Delhi, 58500 cops were on duty for 10.5 million people. Conversely, 35500 cops were available for 80.2 million people in New York but for over 20 million people in Karachi, the strength of Police force was 26847 and it did not even complete the approved strength of 31000 and more than the half of the total strength was off the constitutionally defined duty of protecting the populous and the influential were enjoying the joys of personal

security at the cost of tax-payers money. The strength of Police less than those on VVIP duty was also like an alien to the people of the city owing to tyrant police culture inside Police stations and inflicting atrocities on the civilians on streets on the pretext of snap checking, which was a major tool of minting money from the people especially the bikers. On the other hand, there was no check and balance system in Police department and the public complaints were rarely addressed for fear of lack of worst repercussions from the “Peti Bund Bhai” system in Police department. The alienation of cops in Karachi was continued to widen and people hardly think of visiting Police station for lodging their complaints because of open demand for bribe.

Prof Dr Mohammad Iqbal Choudhry, eminent scientist and Director, Centre for Chemical & Biological Sciences addressing the Hamdard Naunehal Assembly.—PO photo


E-cigarettes boost quitting success among smokers

S

MOKERS trying to quit are 60 percent more likely to report success if they switch to e-cigarettes than if they use nicotine products like patches or gum, or just willpower, scientists said. Presenting findings from a study of almost 6,000 smokers over five years, the researchers said the results suggest ecigarettes could play an important role in reducing smoking rates and hence cutting tobacco-related deaths and illnesses. As well as causing lung cancer and other chronic respiratory diseases, tobacco smoking is also a major contributor to cardiovascular diseases, the world’s number one killer. “E-cigarettes could substantially improve public health because of their widespread appeal and the huge health gains associated with stopping smoking,” said Robert West of University College London’s epidemiology and public health department, who led the study. Mainly funded by the charity Cancer Research UK and published in the journal Addiction, West’s study surveyed 5,863 smokers between 2009 and 2014 who had tried to quit without using prescription medicines or professional help. The results were adjusted for a range of factors that might influence success at quitting, West said - including age, nicotine dependence, previous attempts to give up smoking, and whether quitting was gradual or abrupt. They showed that 20 percent of people trying to quit with the aid of e-cigarettes reported having stopped smoking conventional ciga-

rettes. That compared with just 10.1 percent of those using over-the-counter aids such as nicotine replacement patches or gum. Of those using willpower alone, 15.4 percent had managed to stop. E-cigarettes contain nicotine - a stimulant not thought to be particularly harmful, although it is addictive - delivering it in a water vapour rather than in smoke from burning tobacco. A relatively new product, they have become highly controversial, with public health opinion split over whether they might be a powerful tool in helping those hooked on cigarettes to finally give up, or whether they simply replace one bad habit with another. Because switching to ecigarettes from tobacco ones does not entail kicking the addiction to nicotine, some specialists say they could spell the end of smoking - which the World Health Organisation (WHO) calls “one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced”.But critics point to a lack of long-term scientific evidence to support the safety and effectiveness of e-cigarettes, and warn they may also re-normalise smoking, enticing children or other non-smokers to take it up. West agreed that evidence about longterm use is e-cigarettes is scant, but stressed the balance of risks had to be weighed against the very strong evidence of tobacco’s harms. “It’s not clear whether long-term use of e-cigarettes carries health risks, but from what is known about the contents of the vapour these will be much less than from smoking,” he said.

Hamza Shahbaz MNA presenting painting of Lahore Fort as a gift to Speaker of the Swedish Parliament Per Westerberg on Wednesday.

New political party ‘Pasbane-Pakistan’ launched STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Pasban a citizens’

Eminent industrialist & Old Ravian T M Sheikh hands over a cheque of Rs one million to GCU Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Khaleeq-ur-Rehman regarding fee concession of deserving students.

Govt determined to protect women’s rights OBSERVER REPORT LAHORE—Punjab Minister for Excise & Taxation, Finance Mujtaba Shuja-ur-Rehman has said that government will ensure to protect women rights and women folk will be empowered in all sections of society. He said that opportunities of employment will be provided to them in government, semigovernment and private organizations so that they can play their due role in the development of the country. He said that the revolutionary programme of provision of interest-free loans under Chief Minister Self- Employment Scheme is continuing successfully and loans worth five billion rupees have been provided under this programme and more than two lakh 90 thousand poor families have benefitted. He said that interest-free loans have been distributed among the people purely on merit and in a transparent manner while the rate of

repayment of loans is 99.8 percent. He said that government at federal and provincial levels would fulfill the agenda regarding empowerment of women folk because no society can develop without the participation of the women in economic, social and political fields. While taking to a delegation of PML-N Women Wing, Mujtaba Shuja-ur-Rehman told that focus of the Provincial Government is upon Primary and Protective Health Care so that to achieve the millennium development goals (MDGs) and women health is being protected under various programmes. He said that at present under five mortality rate present is 94/1000 and it will be reduced 45 till 2015(MDGs Target), new born mortality rate is 54/1000 and it would be reduced upto 25 by year 2015, whereas, infant mortality rate is 77/1000 which would be reduced 40 uptill 2015.

rights organization announced to enter the political arena with the name of Pasban-e-Pakistan (P-e-P), and its newly elected president Altaf Shakoor announced that P-e-P would struggle for the basic rights of people including giving them food, shelter, clothing, education, healthcare, jobs, electricity and gas and strive to end corruption and bring polls reforms through proportionate electorate. He said load shedding of power and gas is a major issue haunting Pakistani and his party would rid people from the menace. Addressing a press conference at Lahore Press Club, he said mid-term election is not solution to problems faced by people. He said it needs a revolutionary change in the prevailing political system for which the P-e-P would play its due role, by providing the nation a brave and patriotic leadership. He said they would not allow the monopoly of a few elite families on the national politics.

Daily use items at cheaper rates during Ramazan SALIM AHMED L AHORE —Provincial Minister for Food & Price Control Committee, Bilal Yasin has said that Punjab government has announced to provide daily use items at cheaper rates during the month of Ramazan. He said that dates, potato, sugar, cooking oil, ghee, atta and gram pulse will be provided on subsidized rates through fair price shops. He said that chicken and eggs will be available in Ramazan bazaars Rs.15 less than the open market whereas a subsidy of Rs.10 will be provided on ghee and cooking oil. He said that two thousand Madni Dastarkhawans will be set up during sehri and aftari throughout the province for providing the facility of free sehri and aftari to the people. He expressed

this while presiding over a meeting of Cabinet Committee on Price Control in Civil Secretariat. The meeting reviewed Ramazan Package in detail for providing quality essential items at cheaper rates to the people in abundance during the month of Ramazan ul Mubarak. Concerned secretaries and MPAs attended the meeting. The Provincial Minister said that Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has announced Ramazan Package of Rs.5 billion for providing daily use items on affordable rates to the people in abundance through which atta bag will be available in Ramazan Bazaars and open market on subsidized rates. He said that 360 Ramazan Bazaars and 334 Fair Price Shops will be set up throughout Punjab for providing edible

items at cheaper rates. Bilal Yasin said that an effective monitoring of Ramazan Bazaars will be carried out for the provision of daily use items at cheaper rates in abundance. He said that no compromise will be made on the quality of vegetables, fruit and essential items. He said that a survey of cold storage is being conducted and details of articles are being collected. He said that role of Cabinet Committee for the provision of ghee, sugar, gram flour, pulses, dates as well as other essential items at cheaper rates in abundance is of great importance, therefore, Cabinet Committee should evolve an effective mechanism in this regard. The meeting also considered installing of CCTV cameras for monitoring Ramazan Bazaars and evolving an integrated mechanism for this purpose.

Swedish parliamentary delegation visits Lahore Museum SALIM AHMED LAHORE—A 20-member parliamentary and trade delegation of Sweden headed by the Speaker Riksdag, the Swedish Parliament, Per Westerberg currently on a goodwill tour to Pakistan, Wednesday visited Lahore Museum and witnessed the exhibition of ancient art work, replica of the Harrapan pottery and artifacts having worldwide historic importance. The delegation also included the Swedish Ambassador in Pakistan Tomas Rosandar and the wife of Swedish Speaker Parliament. Minister for Education, Tourism & Archaeology Punjab Rana Mashhood Ahmed Khan and Provincial Secretary Information & Culture Momin Agha warmly received the Swedish delegation on its arrival at Lahore Museum. The delegation witnessed the artifacts placed in the pre-historic and

Indus Gallery, Hindu, Buddhist & Jain Gallery and the collection displayed there which takes the visitors as far back as the pre and proto-historic cultures of Pakistan. The delegation was astonished to witness the proto-historic and Chalcolithic objects of 3rdmillennium B.C. and later which include coins, terra-cotta animals like Humped bull, figurines of high turbaned mother goddess, bowls with lids, goblets and beakers, storage jars, bronze lances and arrow heads. Besides, bangles and necklaces of segmented beads like those found in Egypt. The Swedish Speaker Parliament acknowledged the fact that the artifacts and intaglio steatite seals with figures of animals along with pictographic-cum-ideographic script are of

great attraction for whole the world as treasure of historic heritage of mankind. The delegation was informed that Lahore Museum is one of the top ten museums in the world which was inaugurated in 1894 by Prince Albert Victor, the grandson of Queen Victoria. Provincial Minister Archaeology Rana Mashhood Ahmed Khan took the delegation to the Islamic Arts Gallery of Lahore Museum to witness the beautiful model of Badshahi Masjid. The head of the delegation termed this model a fascinating master piece to watch. The Minister informed the delegation that Pakistan is the custodian of five thousand years ancient civilization. We realize our historic richness and want to open the doors of our historic heritage places to people at large and particularly to the anthropologists from all over the world.

Regional offices of Ombudsman fully functional STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Regional Offices of Ombudsman Punjab at district level have been made fully functional for speedy redressal of grievances and give relief to the people at their door steps. All the Advisors, posted at Regional Offices, have been directed not to compromise while give relief to the public. This was stated by the Ombudsman Punjab, Javed Mahmood during his visit to the Regional Office, Mandi Baha ud Din. DCO Mandi Baha ud Din Imtiaz Ahmad Khan and Advisor to Ombudsman Punjab for Regional Office Mandi

Baha ud Din, Muhammad Shafiq were also present at occasion. Ombudsman Punjab while addressing to complainant said there was no need to visit to Lahore now just to lodge a complaint against govt agencies as Advisor to Ombudsman was present in every district for their easy approach and people should give them a chance to serve them. Majority number of issue of the public relates to district administration which ultimately settles at local level but they had to face the hazards of journey and expense from their own pocket to proceed for Lahore. Huge amount of millions of rupees incurred on TA/

DA of the government employees who were visiting Ombudsman Office Lahore to submit reports on the complaints, the same will be saved and concerned employees would also be available in their offices to the public for service delivery. It will also help the government to achieve the goal of good governance at their district offices, told the Ombudsman Punjab. During his visit to the Regional Office Mandi Baha ud Din, Ombudsman Punjab, Javed Mahmood received the complaints from the public and issued directions to provide relief as early as possible.

Famous artist Masood Akhtar with President Cosmo Club Rana Zahid Sajjad Hassami, expressing his views during a programme organised by Cosmopolitan Club in his honour.


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