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Pak circular debt touches Rs872b mark Trend likely to lead to socio-economic crisis ALI SYED ISLAMABAD —The circular debt at the end of financial year (FY) 2012 stood at Rs872 billion representing approximately 4% of the national nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and if continued

unabated, will precipitate socioeconomic chaos in the country as it will prevent effective operation of, and new investment in, the power sector, reveals the USAID report on ‘Pakistan’s power sector and circular debt: The cause and impact of circular debt.’ The USAID report of which

the copy is available with Pakistan Observer also stressed the government to eliminate the uniform tariff and gradually implement the differential tariffs based on true costs. “The regulator (Nepra) also needs to enhance tariffs with targeted performancebased tariff to all DISCOs and

Death of Kamran Faisal Obama issues inaugural call for unity WASHINGTON—President Barack Obama issued an impassioned call for national unity and equality on Monday, warning political “absolutism” must not thwart change and renewal, as he was inaugurated for a second term. Obama was publicly sworn in for another four White House years before a crowd of hundreds of thousands on Washington’s National Mall, and delivered an inaugural

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Moody keeps Pak credit rating at negative ‘Caa1’ ISLAMABAD—The Moody’s kept Pakistan’s credit rating at negative “Caa1” due to prevailing political instability which is distracting the formulation of economic policy and deters investors in the country. According to the Moody’s report, the order of Supreme Court of Pakistan to arrest the Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf and 15 others on charges of corruption comes in an environment of simmering Continued on Page 7

NAB officers on strike, want probe by SC judge STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Employees of the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) have rejected the commission formed by the federal government to probe Kamran Faisal’s death and demanded that a commission headed by a Supreme Court judge be formed. Employees of NAB Punjab protested the mysterious death of Kamran who was part of the team investigating the Rental Power Projects (RPPs) scam case. The protesters wore black arm bands to show solidarity with their de-

LAHORE—Pakistan intellignec agencies arrested five Indian spies during an action in the area in Lahore near the Indian border. The alleged spies included two Indian nationals and three Pakistanis who have been shifted to undisclosed location for further investigation. Maps and other important documents were recovered from the possession of the alleged spies. According to details, security agencies in an operation in Burki and Jora Pul areas near Wagah border arrested five suspected

PM withdraws review petition I SLAMABAD —The Supreme Court of Pakistan on Monday rejected a plea to halt hearing of case pertaining to implementation of court’s order in mega rental power corruption case. A three-member bench, headed by Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Choudhry, is hearing the case. During the hearing,

spies. According to sources the law enforcement agencies took the action on a tip about the presence of Indian spies in a school in Barki area. They said the spies working in connection with recent rise in tension along the Line of Control and were allegedly involved in collecting information by establishing contacts with army and rangers personnel. Sources also said that during the initial investigation the accuseds disclosed that they get close to the Pakistani soldiers, make themselves aware of their sentiments and transmitted the information across the border about their next strategy.

2 FC soldiers die, several injured in terrorist blast TARIQ SAEED PESHAWAR—As the security has been further beefed up in troubled Bara, where curfew is clamped, with two thousands additional troops deployed on various routes leading to provincial metropolis from Khyber agency, a remote controlled explosion in Mohmand agency has resulted in martyrdom of two FC soldiers and serious injuries to nine others including members of the peace Lashker. In the wake of killings of 18 people allegedly by the security forces in Bara that has led to a series of violent protest demonstrations in Peshawar and other

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SC rejects plea to stop hearing RPPs case

5 Indian spies arrested near border MUZAFFAR ALI

Kamran Faisal

ceased colleague. According to employees, Kamran was under severe stress due to the ongoing RPPs case investigation and his alleged suicide had raised grave concerns for them. The protesting employees also demanded that investigation of high profile cases should be carried out by permanent NAB officers. Another demand put forward was that no action should be taken against the protesting employees. Employees of NAB also called for provision of security

parts of the country even demanding resignations KP governor and high FC officials, reports reaching hers said, the security forces have beefed up surveillance and security in number of routs leading to Peshawar to “ check the entry of the inhabitants of Bara”. Security officials said adding the Suband , Sheikhan and Mathra check posts have been reinforced to stop entry of the trouble makers and the militants from Tehsil Bara and Jamrod to Peshawar through Hayat Abad and Sakhi Pul areas. Containers have been placed on almost all routes leading to Peshawar and its outskirts from

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Dr Pervez Hasan – the counsel for Nau Dero and Piragab projects, filed a application seeking to stop further hearing of the case. While rejecting the application, Justice Choudhry said that the implementation case is being heard to review the progress made so far against those who

were responsible for the massive corruption. He said that at this point of time no application from the government for a review is before the court, adding if the NAB gave a ‘clean chit’ in the case then the court will examine it. Justice Choudhry said that the court has to be satisfied that all

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remove to current cross subsidy between the efficient and inefficient distribution companies.” It mentioned that the primary tasks before the government of Pakistan are to remove the current overhang of circu-

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JUI-F allies with PML-F for general elections OBSERVER REPORT

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf shaking hands with Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly Ch Nisar Ali Khan at Parliament House.

KARACHI—The JUI (F) and the PML(F) Monday decided to form an electoral alliance during the forthcoming general election in view of the worst law and order situation the country was currently facing. This was decided at a meeting held here between a delegation of JUI (F) headed by Khalid Mehmood Soomro, Secretary General PML(F) Imtiaz Sheikh at the latter’s residence Monday. I SLAMABAD —The Election Both the leaders discussed issues Commission of Pakistan (ECP) Continued on Page 7 has imposed ban on the recruitment in the government departments and the discretionary use of the developmental funds. Election Commission has taken notice of the transfer of dis-

ECP bans recruitment in govt departments Development fund use halted

Govt fails to ensure Karachi peace: Nawaz STAFF REPORTER

L AHORE —Pakistan Muslim League-N Chief Nawaz Sharif has said that the government has failed in restoration of peace in Karachi as several people fall prey to violence on daily basis. While meeting with Chief of Sunni Tehrik (ST) Sarwat Aijaz Qadri, Sharif said that there would be peace in Karachi if the orders of the Supreme Court (SC) were implemented. Both leaders discussed the overall situation of the country.

cretionary funds in the electoral constituency of the prime minister. The EC has imposed ban on the recruitment in public jobs at the federation and in the provinces before the elections. According to EC this would not apply to Fed-

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Nisar opposes amendment in defence doctrine ISLAMABAD—Leader of the Opposition in National Assembly Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan has opposed the amendment in the defence doctrine of the country. He said that no one has the authority to make any amendment individually in the settled defence strategy, adding that the mechanism is there for this purpose and debate is held on the government level in this regard.

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Taliban storm Kabul Traffic Police HQ, killing 3 cops

Missing prisoners: SC gives govt one day to resolve issue

KABUL—Taliban militants targeted the headquarters of Kabul Traffic Police on Monday morning, killing at least three police and injuring 16 others and thus causing panic among the warweary residents. The offensive which triggered counter-attack by security forces, according to a police officer, have so far left one police dead and 16 others injured.

I SLAMABAD —The Supreme

“It was 05:50 a.m. local time when a blast rocked Dehmazang area where Traffic Police headquarters located and the blast followed by gun shots. Three police was killed and 16 others sustained injuries,” the police officer told Xinhua but declined to be identified, saying authorized officials would brief the media after investigation. Mean-

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Court on Monday gave the government until Tuesday to resolve the issue of Adiyala jail’s ‘missing’ prisoners. A three-judge bench of the apex court, headed by Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, heard the case pertaining to the missing prisoners. During the hearing, the chief justice

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4 Afghan arrested by security forces RAFIULLAH MANDOKHAIL Z HOB —Security forces arrested four Afghan nationals without having legal travel documents, sources said. The Frontier Corps personnel arrested four Afghan nationals on Monday, when they were traveling in a car AYR-927 from Quetta to Dera Ismail Khan via Zhob on Radio Pakistan check post. Sources said none of the arrested Afghans had their valid travel documents and they were arrested under foreign act. The Afghan nationals were later handed over to police for further investigation.

PPP plays leading active role for improving GB people’s lives Raja Pervez Ashraf Monday said that Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) played leading role in improving the lives of

the trust people have shown in the leadership of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP). During the meeting, Syed Razi-ud-

had created awareness among the people of Pakistan. Pakistan, he said, would prosper during the PPP government.

WAQAS ASHRAF KASUR —Robbers shot dead

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf meeting members of the delegation its Governor Pir Syed Karam Ali Shah and Chief Minister Syed Mehdi Shah at the PM people of Gilgit Baltistan (GB) by giving administrative and financial autonomy to the region. The Prime Minister expressed these views while talking to a delegation of Gilgit Baltistan which called on him at the Prime Minister House. The delegation was jointly led by Governor and Chief Minister Gilgit Baltistan, Pir Syed Karam Ali Shah and Syed Mehdi Shah respectively. The Prime Minister ex-

Din Rizvi, Member Gilgit Baltistan Legislative Assembly, announced to join Pakistan Peoples Party. Speaking on the occasion, Syed Raziud-Din said that he was in active politics for the past 15 years and was elected to the Council on an independent seat. He said that his decision to join Pakistan Peoples Party was based on the policies of the party for the people of Gilgit Baltistan. Shaheed

Talking about the Chief Minister Gilgit Baltistan, he said, he was the first Chief Minister who got elected unopposed. Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf while welcoming Syed Razi-ud-Din’s decision to join the party said that this is a testimony of the love and trust people have in the party. Only yesterday two members of the National Assembly belonging to PML (N) joined the PPP, he added. Prime Minister Ashraf said

Bhutto had a special place for the financial, administrative the people of Gilgit Baltistan. and other issues pertaining This government, he said, to Gilgit Baltistan. had empowered the people of The Prime Minister directed Federal Minister Mian Manzoor Ahmed Wattoo to arrange a meeting of the delegation with Finance Ministry so that they can work out mechanism to resolve the financial woes of Gilgit Baltistan and put it on a selfsustaining path. The Prime Minister also issued directions for immediate release of Rs. 1.8 billion, approved by him earlier during his visit to Gilgit Baltistan so that they can tide over their financial problems. The delegation comprised of Prof. Ghulam Hussein Saleem, Advisor to Prime Minister, Moulana Attaullah Shahab, Advisor to Prime Minister, Muhammad Ali Akhtar, Minister for Finance GB, Muhammad Jaffar, Senior Minister for Food GB, Wazir Shakil, Minister for from Gilgit-Baltistan led by Law, Naseer Khan, Minister for Excise & Taxation and House. Members of Gilgit Baltistan Gilgit Baltistan which had its Council.—APP own elected assembly as well as government. “I have always maintained that all historic decisions are taken during the PPP’s rule in the country”, said the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister also exSAMAR GUL MARWAT pressed his satisfaction over the way the law and order situation had been tackled in L AKKI M A RWAT —Police Gilgit Baltistan and appreci- have claimed to have killed a ated the GB leadership on this gangster of Pula group incount. The delegation ap- volved in kidnapping for ransom, dacoity and theft in the area of across Kurram on Monday. According to police sources, Dadiwala police raided a den near Bairgi ary the RHC authorities Hakeem Khan Village on tip handed over the dead body of off. Police encircled the den the deceased to his hiers after but the outlaws started firing autopsy. On 17th January on on them. Police also retaliated the call of Anjuman Tajran with firing and sought for hundreds of people gathered further police detachments. Sources further said that in front of Luddan Police Station and later rushed to RHC DPO Muhammad Idrees and severely tortured the medi- Khan, police from Naurang cal and para medical staff. and Lakki Marwat police staAgainst ths lawlessness the tions also reached the spot. P.M.A. observed strike and The firing between the law district administration agreed enforcement personnel and to register case against only outlaws, usually called “Pulla” six nominated and fifteen un- group, continued for one hour and as a result an outlaw and known attackers. Accoding to the R.H.C. absconder Niamtaullah Khan staff police has registered bo- of Bairgi Hakeem Khan, who gus case against the attackers had killed a youngman. and proper sections had not been imposed against them. The protestors were also of the view that the nominated accuseds were away from hundred feet from P.S. Luddan but Police had not been arresting due to political pressure. The doctors and eleven injured members of paramedical BASHIR AHMAD RAHMANI staff of Luddan RHC have H A F I Z A B A D —The Chief demended the CM to look into the matter and got register their Minister of the Punjab has approved a sum of Rs. 10.8 case according to law. million for the improvement of different graveyards in the district. According to official source, the CM has directed the DCO to complete survey of graveyards at Tehsil level and ensure Karachi on Friday. The show implementation of this kicked off with the multi-tal- project within shortest time ented French musician possible. The DCO has also Abaji’s performance. He is been directed to get conno stranger to Pakistani au- struction of boundary walls diences. He in his trademark around the graveyards, restyle appeared on stage, put move encroachments, if any. an anklet on his thigh and The CM has further dipicked up a clarinet. rected the DCO to ensure ceHe tapped his feet to mented floors, sheds for create rhythm and played a ‘Janazgah’, provide drainage composition which had an and proper arrangements for element of mirth in it. He complemented the sound of the instrument with his loud chants and tried to engage the audience in his effort and succeeded to a reasonable degree. Abaji’s next act was with an instrument called the oud. This time he produced the beat while M HALEEM ASAD drumming the body of the instrument with his hands T IMERGARA —Civil society and by tying the anklets to of the Dir Lower on Monday his feet. demanded of the Chief ElecHe turned out a short tion Commissioner to inand sweet tune. After that crease number of separate he chose to play the polling stations for women in bouzouki and told the audi- the district in order to ensure ence that it represented him their full participation in elecbest because he was born toral process during the comin Lebanon but was not ing general elections. The Lebanese, his parents were demand was made during a born in Turkey but were not news conference at the Turkish. His performance on Timergara press club. The the bouzouki was masterful executive director of a local as he ran his fingers on its NGO Strengthening Humanineck with great alacrity with- tarian Aid & Rehabilitation out compromising on the Programme (SHARP) Khalid melody. His last two items Mansoor, Akbar Khan, were on a small violin and a Shakirullah, Qasim Hasrat Turkish instrument called and others spoke on the octhe saz. casion. Several leaders of difThe writer is an educa- ferent political parties were tionist, analyst and a also present on the occasion. freelance journalist, can be Akbar Khan said that banreached at ning women of their right to muttahir_khan@hotmail.com vote was not the tradition of

Thousands protest police attitude in Vehari OUR CORRESPONDENT

mention here that on 15th January two traders, namely V EHARI —Thousands of Abdul Sattar and Abdul protestors staged demonstra- Ghafoor, received bullet in-

10 minutes late who after reaching theRHC reffered the injured persons to DHQ, Vehari.

Six-day workshop begins at UAF FAISALABAD—The fourth 6day workshop on “Strengthening Extension Skills of Young Professionals in Afghanistan and Pakistan” began at University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF) here on Monday. The trilateral workshop of USA, Afghanistan and Pakistan is an outcome of understanding between the leadership of three countries to make the agriculture a way forward and an instrumental key to give an impetus to socio-economic development of both the neighboring countries.—APP

tion in Luddan against police for not arresting the culprits of Rural Health center attack on Monday. It is pertinent to

juries during a raod robbery One injured Abdul Sattar attempt. They were shifted to during hisshifting to Nishtar R.H.C. Luddan where alleg- Hospital Multan succumbed edly the doctor on duty came to his injuries. On 16th Janu-

MUTTAHIR AHMED KHAN fices and other destinations. gious fervour. All major author, Manto aided by

T

Pula Group gangster killed in police firing

cable network saying that it would disturb peaceful environment of the area. Addressing a news conference Qari Inamullah and others representing religious leaders and elite of the area turned down statement and allegations of cable network operators and termed it baseless. They said that Drosh was a peaceful area and majority of people did not want cable network because it spreads obscenity in the conservative area. They said that cable operators alleged in their press conference that people of the area have damaged their cable worth 250,000 and local police were silent spectators when this cable was being damaged which is wrong. They said that some unknown people provoked local people against lady shopping centers, Children Park Chitral and public schools at Drosh with pasting different posters in the area with fake signatures. And after a few

days a lady shopping center was burnt by unknown people at Drosh. They said that Qari Fazal Haq was allegedly involved in FIR but his name was deleted by these people after a few days. They said that majority of Drosh people are against of cable Net work and PEMRA should not issue any license at such tense area. They said that cable operators blamed Qari Jamal Nasir who is a government servant and blame that he was spreading insurgency in the area is totally wrong because Qari Jamal Nasir is a peaceful citizen of the area and was never involved in any terrorism activity. They hailed district administration for imposing section 144 and stopped cable network in Drosh. They urged the Deputy Commissioner Chitral for inquiry in this regard and take steps to stop any tense situation in the area. They appealed to Chief justice Peshawar High court for cancelling PEMRA license of cable operators for Drosh area because residents of the area would not accept it.

Very cold, dry weather likely across country I SLAMABAD —Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) on Monday forecast mainly very cold and dry weather for most parts of the country during next 24 hours. Shallow foggy conditions are likely to prevail over Northeast Punjab during morning hours. According to the synoptic situation, continental air is prevailing over most parts of the country. Mainly cold and dry weather is expected in most parts of Punjab and Islamabad during the next 24 hours. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, mainly cold and dry weather is expected in most parts during the next 24 hours. In Sindh, mainly cold and dry/ partly cloudy weather is expected in most parts during the next 24 hours. Mainly Cold to very cold & dry weather is expected in most parts of Balochistan during the next 24 hrs. In Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan, very cold/ partly cloudy weather is expected in most parts of Kashmir during the next 24 hours.

The lowest minimum temperatures recorded during the last 24 hours were Astore -17 C, Skardu 13 C, Kalam -12 C, Parachinar -10 C, Gupis and Hunza -09 C, Kalat -8 C, Quetta, Gilgit and Malamjabba -6 C, Dir, Drosh

and Rawalakot -5 C, Zhob and Chitral -3 C. The Peshawr Met Office here Monday forecast light rain with snowfalls over the hills at isolated places of Malakand, Hazara, Rawalpindi Divisions, Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan during Tuesday and Wednesday night in next 48 hours. According to a Spokesman of Met Office here, continental air is prevailing over most parts of the country and the temperature will likely to remain down during night.—APP

CM approves Rs 10.8 m for graveyards improvement

The oscillating city pulse HE city, again, re mained in the grip of terrorism and the resultant t e n s e socioe c o nomic situation, on the one hand, and, to some extent, managed to sustain its literary and cultural activities, on the other. The Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) MPASyed Manzar Imam and three others were shot dead in Orangi Town by unknown armed riders on Thursday when the town was emerging out of the previous strikes and protests, in connection to Quetta carnage, and the resultant shutdowns. The MQM observed three-day mourning over the killing of its MPA and his security guards, with a request to its workers to maintain peace and wear black armbands to protest the killing of the lawmaker. The city remained deserted on the Friday and all the major business centres, educational institutions and even government office and banks remained closed in connection to mourning. The absence of transport created inconvenience for the common man who could not get to of-

GUL HAMAAD FAROOQI .

C HITRAL —Residents of ISLAMABAD—Prime Minister pressed his satisfaction over Zulifqar Ali Bhutto, he said, that Shaheed Zulifqar Ali prised the Prime Minister of Drosh on Monday opposed

Robbers loot, shoot dead milkman a milkman on resistence at Burj Mahalam road in Pattoki on Monday. Reportedly, a milkman Muhammad Ilyas was on his was when six robbers intercepted him and snatched cash and other valuables from him. They shot him dead when he showed some resistance during mobile snatching. Later, the heirs of the deceased protested and blocked the road for two hours by putting dead body in the middle of the road. They protested against Kasur police for failing to control the law and order situation in the district. DSP Pattoki Sabir Bhutta reached the spot and assured the protesters for the arrest of the accused. ***** The murder case of the boy who was killed by aerial firing in Khudian had been registered against Abdul Shakoor and his two accomplices. Arshad Ali, the father of the deceased Masab Ali has told police that his uncle had contracted love marriage with the sister of Abdul Shakoor and over this old enmity he shot dead his son. The police has registered a case and started investigation.

Drosh people oppose cable network

The preparations to celebrate Eid Miladun Nabi (SAWW) are in full swing in the City as roads and buildings are being decorated with green flags, colourful buntings, banners and fancy lights. A large number of banners and gigantic billboards have also been displayed to celebrate the birth anniversary of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) across the City. Educational institutions are organising Seerat Conferences and speech and Naat competitions to observe the

day with religious passion. Moreover, Mosques, homes and plazas are being decorated with colourful lights. The Eid Miladun Nabi processions would be taken out from different areas on 12th Rabiul Awwal while Milad committees are also busy holding Mahafil-eNaat in the City. Special programmes are being prepared for paying tributes and to highlight different aspects of the life of the Holy (SAWW). Different religious, social’ cultural and educational institutions and organisations have finalised their programmes to celebrate Eid Miladun Nabi (SAWW) with reli-

commercial shopping centres, bazaars, government and private buildings are being illuminated. Models of Khana-e-Kaaba and Masjid-e-Nabvi have been exhibited on major squares of the city. To grab the attention of the people, small green coloured ponds of different sorts have been made and put at various prominent places of the city. It has been observed that the children commemorate the event with more zeal and zest and participate in all the related activities in

their schools and residential communities. The epoch-making short story-writers Saadat Hasan Manto was remembered on his death anniversary on Friday and different sessions and literary meetings were held in the city, in this regard. Saadat Hasan Manto, a great short story writer of South Asia in Urdu, was born on May 11, 1916. Upon Abdul Bari Alig’s motivation Manto attempted Urdu translation of The Last Days of Condemned. Manto completed the translation and sold it to the Urdu Book Stall, Lahore, under the title Sarguzasht-e-Aseer. Having now become a published

Hasan Abbas soon attempted a translation of Oscar Wilde’s Vera, which was published in 1934. Manto also continued to try his hand at original short stories in Urdu, including “Inqlab Pasand”. Later his, story ‘Tamasha” and several others were put together into Manto’s first collection of original short stories in Urdu, ‘Atish Pare’, published in 1936. He came to Lahore and joined newspaper Paras. In late 1936, he accepted an invitation to edit the weekly Musawwir and justified Lahore for Bombay. In 1941, he came to Delhi and accepted the job of writing for Urdu Service of All India Radio. Soon four of his collection of radio plays was published. The controversial short story collection Dhuan came out. His first collection of topical essays, Manto ke Mazamin, also appeared during this time. He died on January 18, 1955 at the age of 39 years. Another remarkable event in the city, in connection to creative arts, was an evening of lilting melodies and thumping beats as music buffs enjoyed a delightful couple of hours of fusion music organised by Tehzeeb Foundation, Alliance Francaise and the Goethe Institute Karachi to mark the 50th anniversary of the treaty of friendship (Elysee) between France and Germany at the Alliance Francaise

lighting and water for ablution. **** A case has been registered at Jalalpur Bhattian police station against five doctors, ex-SHOs Jalalpur Bhattian, ex-DSP Pindi Bhattian and Chief Chemical Examiner Punjab and others on the charge of preparing fake medical reports and concealing facts and turning murder case of a teen-ager of Pindi Bhattian into incidental death. On the specific orders of the Chief Minister the Anti-Corruption Establishment has been deputed to investigate the case afresh. According to FIR, a 15year-old boy, Muhammad Ikram of Jalalpur Bhattian was allegedly sodomised and

murdered by one Waqas and his accomplices in a Rice Mill Jalalpur Bhattian about a year back but the police and doctors declared his death as incidental. Thereupon the parents of the deceased called on the Chief Minister and complained that an influential MPA of the area was patronising the accused and the police was also siding with the accused party. The then DPO sent behind the bar Mirza Ali Akbar, investigating officer, for his unlawful and biased investigation. However, the main accused Waqas left for abroad and none of the accused were arrest. The Chief Minister and IG Punjab constituted a special committee to investigate the case afresh.

EC urged to increase separate women polling stations Dir. He said women of the area had taken part in 1970 and 1977 general elections. He also criticized the local election commission office for setting up only six separate polling stations for women and said it proved that the government was not sincere in women participation in political process. Khalid Mansoor demanded of the government to give a constitutional cover to 10 per cent participation of women in each constituency. “The Election Commission should not announce result of the constituency where women participation was less than 10 per cent,” he suggested. He also urged women law makers to come forward and play their active role in ensuring women votes in all rural areas of the country. The civil society asked women parliamentarians to bring particular bills for amendment of the

existing election laws. They said that a man whose family’s women are not registered as voters should not be allowed to submit his nomination papers. They said candidates opposing women participation should be not allowed to contest election. They also urged political parties to take women in their ranks in confidence before making preparations for elections so that their participation in decision making should be ensured. “The constitution of Pakistan gives the right of vote to women. It is state responsibility to ensure their right,” Mr Khalid said, adding the civil society would bring leaders of different political parties together to devise a strategy for women participation. He said a protest campaign would be launched if their demands were not met.


AJK people enjoy Pak citizenship ISLAMABAD—Minister for Kashmir Affairs and Gilgit Baltistan Mian Manzoor Ahmad Wattoo Monday apprised the National Assembly that no Pakistani could purchase land in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). It was prohibited under Article 4 of AJK Alienation of Land Act, 1995 Bik (1898 AD), he added. Replying to various questions during Question Hour, the minister said that Kashmir was a disputed territory and Pakistan wanted its durable solution according to the wishes of Kashmiri people. He said that citizen of AJK enjoyed the citizenship of Pakistan also under section 14-B of Pakistan Citizenship Act, 1951 adding that they were entitled to purchase property in Pakistan. The minister said that Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto had also the credit to make AJK Interim Constitution 1974. Under the Constitution, AJK legislative Assembly and AJK Council could make legislation according to their jurisdiction, he added. To a supplementary question, Wattoo said that the Council collected tax and transfered 80 per cent collection to AJK government. Earlier, he said that PPP has always respected the mandate of different national institutions but it had to face the vengeance for following the constitution and democratic norms. He said that PPP Founder Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was hanged, party chairperson Mohtarama Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in Rawalpindi, Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani was removed from premiership and now Raja Pervaiz Ashraf was target. The President PPP Punjab questioned that why his party leadership was being victimised only when leaders of various political parties were accountable in different cases.—APP

517 students get engineering degrees H YDERABAD —As many as 517 students of Mehran University of Engineering and Technology (MUET), Jamshoro, were awarded academic degrees and diploma at the University’s 15th annual convocation on Monday. The graduates included 7 PhDs, 44 Masters of Science, 347 Bachelors of Engineering, 27 Bachelors in Architecture, 30 Business Technology pass and 26 honours, 14 BSIT, 22 Arts and Designing and 5 BCRP. The 7 best graduates included Muhammad Asif Langah, Ali Raza, Saleem Raza Baloch, S.Anam Arshia Chandio, Anam Ali Memon, Abdul Rahim Ansari and Sabir Ahmed Khan while the faculty toppers included Anam Ali Memon, Sara Qadeer and Sanjay Kumar. The best graduates and top position holders were awarded 10 gold medals and 25 silver medals while 7 PhD degrees were also awarded on the occasion. Addressing the convocation, Chairman of Higher Education Commission (HEC) Dr. Javed R Laghari congratulated the students on the successful completion of their degree. “In the US the word commencement is used instead of convocation to denote this event. This is because commencement here means beginning of the professional career,” he said in his remarks. Dr. Laghari, who is an alumni of the MUET, dwelt at length on how the production of new knowledge had grown manifold thanks to the research initiatives taken by the global univerisities. “The world’s biggest library in the US has a collection of 33 million books. However, this colossal collection of knowlege is 66 times smaller than what the educational institutions around the world are going to produce in the year 2013,” he said. In another reference to the fast spreading contours of knowledge, he said a regular reader of The New York Times could amass knowledge which was equal to the one garnered by the humans in their lifetime in the 18th century.—APP

PPP to thwart all conspiracies Staff Reporter

PESHAWAR—Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister for Labour Sher Azam Wazir said on Monday that Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) has emerged as the most popular political party of southern districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and will win maximum seats on the basis of performance during upcoming election. Talking to media persons after his successful visit to Bannu district, the minister said that the PPP will get overwhelming victory in southern districts of KP on the basis of record developmental works by the PPP leaders and ministers. He said that the political opponents have been outclassed from Bannu district and the large number of participation of people in the public meeting held at Ghuri Wala Bannu the other day was a testimony towards this fact. He said people from every walk of life are joining PPP as it is the only party that has the ability to take the country out of every difficult situation and provide relief to masses. The PPP leader said they would gave very pleasant surprise to the opponents in next general elections. The upcoming polls would be free, fair and transparent that will further strengthened democratic system in the country. He said that the PPP would foil all conspiracies against democracy. Ex-Nazim, others join PPP: Former nazim, Union Council, Lahori Gate, Peshawar City, Haji Mohammad Irshad, Haji Masood and Mohammad Zakriya along with their families and hundreds of supporters had quit ANP and announced joining PPP.

Korean Hannam Varsity, UoP ink MoU STAFF REPORTER P ESHAWAR —The Hannam University, Republic of Korea and University of Peshawar have inked Memorandum of Understanding to cooperate in undergraduate programs offered at either institution, which would be, deemed feasible in term of the promotion and development of goodwill, between the two countries. The MoU to remain effective for five years was signed by Dean of Student and Human Resource Development Affairs of Hannam University IL- Gyu Jeong and Vice Chancellor UoP Prof. Dr. Qibla Ayaz on Monday at University of Peshawar. Under the agreement the two institutions would exchange students, faculty members, academic materials and besides arranging short term academic and cultural programs. The institutions

17 most wanted arrested by police JAVED MOAVIA N ANKANA S AHIB —Police have arrested the 17 most wanted fugitives including one woman from different cities of the punjab on the directive of District Police Officer Ghulam Mubashar Maken. According to details police station Sadar, Nankana Sahib, arrested Malik Shahzad from Lahore, police station Sadar ShahKot arrested Muhammad Imran, Ronaq Ali, Muhammad Shareef, Zahoor Ahmad, Allah Rakha, Intzar Hussain and Allah Rakha from different cities of Punjab. Police Station City Shakot arrested Muhmmad Riaz, Arif Hussain and Muhammad Yousaf and Police Station Warbartn arrested a women fugitive Pathani Bibi from Faisalabad.

have agreed to exchange full time students for one year, said IL Gyu Jeong on the occasion. He added the host institution will accept the students selected by the other partner, the record of which would be maintained by the designated liaisons officers of the MoU. Established in the year 1956, Hannam University South Korea is one of the oldest institutions and has played a great role in the economic development of the country, said the visiting Dean. He added his University is giving more focused on exchange of students and expertise between faculty members of the Pharmacy Department and Institute of Chemical Sciences University of Peshawar. Strong academia industry linkages proved the main catalyst for the development of South Korea, said Vice Chancellor PESHAWAR: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor Barrister Masood Kausar giving away gold medal to a graduate during 9th Convocation of Sarhad University of Science and Information Technology. UoP Prof. Dr. Qibla Ayaz.

Sarhad University of Science and Information Technology Convocation

Kausar invites private sector role for education uplift STAFF REPORTER P ESHAWAR —The

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor, Barrister Masood Kausar here Monday asked the private sector educational institutions to actively share the responsibilities of the government in promoting higher educational facilities in FATA. It will help to educate the youth to make them an asset not only for the respective area but also for the country as well. The present government is committed to provide maximum possible facilities of quality higher education to our youth. However, he added, the society should develop educational institutions and the well-to-do, the

philanthropists and the missionaries should come forward to help the government. Only then we could bridge the gap between the educated and uneducated youth of the country, he remarked. He was addressing as the chief guest at the 9th Convocation of the Sarhad University of Science and Information Technology here on Monday morning. In all 18 graduates got gold medals for achieving distinctive positions from amongst the graduating students who were awarded PhD, M.S., leading M.Phil, masters and bachelors degrees. Besides parents of the graduating students, the ceremony was also attended by education-

ists, senior government officials and elites of the city. Barrister Masood further pointed out that the teachers of educational institutions also have a special responsibility of educating their students in a befitting manner as the students, who shine in their careers in practical life, are a source of pride and happiness for them as well. Advising the graduating students that the Governor said, the completion of their studies is an important phase in their lives and their institution has equipped them with the required knowledge and expertise. “It is now for you to apply these assets in your respective professions in the practical life

and remember that no nation can change its destiny without the conscious and sincere endeavours of its youth to bring about a revolutionary change in the socio-economic conditions of the people”, he said. There is no short-cut to progress and prosperity of a country and this can be achieved only through sustained efforts of every citizen, he added. Prof. Dr. Salim, vice chancellor earlier presenting the annual report of the university welcomed the Governor and the guests and said that the university with two campuses and 250 faculty members offers state of the art academic and research facilities and half of its teaching

staff is either M.Phil or PhD qualified. The university, he added, is also offering distanced educational facilities across the province. In the recent categorization process of the Higher Education Commission, the vice chancellor said, the university has been placed at 53rd position at the national level and 9th amongst 25 general universities. Earlier the Governor gave away medals and degrees to the graduating students and amongst the gold medalists were Muhammad Muzzamil, Tariq Mahmood, Muhammad Arif, Akhtarullah, Syed Abdul Razzaq, Muhammad Danish Qureshi, Anwarullah, Safiullah, Sajidullah.

Call to restore MohenJo-Daro in original shape NAZIR SIYAL LARKANA—A five thousand years ancient and world renowned Indus Valley of Mohen-Jo-Daro walls at VS area could fall, after the collapse of main DK area wall if that is not protected, told Deputy Director MPRCT project here on Monday. According to Master Plan for Rehabilitation and Cultural & Tourism (MPR& CT) Deputy Director Abdul Haque Banbhro supervising the present project after completion in June 2012, restarted its conservation and structural work at the site of VS area of Mohen-Jo-Daro. He denied violation after

work during the winter season and properly could not satify about his version, that the work was started with a cost of Rs. 3.5 million and the objective was to preserve the site walls and protect them with roof bricks without water or chemicals in winter season, he claimed. To a question, about the Mohenjo-Daro “Manual Conservation Work” during the winter season was prohibited by the experts, he told that the walls are to collapse, so that it is better to protect them with bricks and others material, he said. He said that Rs. 3.5 million were released through installments to continue conservation work on Mohen-Jo-Daro,

which was delyed and could not be completed in June 2012, and a report for more money has been submitted to the Ministry/Department concerned. According to the experts, work cannot be carried out at the sites of Mohen-JoDaro due to winter season below 30 degree Celsius as briefed in manual conservation work of MPRCT project; despite of this work was continued at the Mohen-jo-Daro site by the Deputy Director Abdul Haque Banbhro. He said that according to experts in Archaeology and Manual Conservation Work, MULTAN: Activists of Multna Jamat-e-Islami demanding the Chief Justice of Pakistan all kinds of work has been to take suo motu notice of death of Kamran Faisal. prohibited on the sites during September to March.

Teachers urge implementation Murree TMA of 4-tier promotion formula employees Provident Fund into GP fund demand salary S R and pension gratuity. TAFF

CAA urged to pay compensation for runway land

EPORTER

P ESHAWA R —All Khyber Pakhtukhwa Subject Specialists Association (AKSSA) Monday demanded of the provincial government to ensure immediate implementation of four-tier promotion formula as approved by the Chief Minister Amir Haider Khan Hoti last year. In its Provincial Coordination Committee (PCC) and general body meeting held here under the chairmanship of Provincial President Salar Islam Tariq, expressed gratitude to KP government for converting Contributory

They thanked the KP government for accepting their 2 decades old demand and urged the government to ensure the implementation of four-tier promotion formula from January 1, 2012. Salar Islam Tariq said that due to certain reasons the implementation of the formula has delayed. He emphasized upon the officials concerned to immediately summon the meeting of provincial selection board and ensure implementation of the formula so that the Principals, Subject Specialists.

SOBAN ABBASI

GUL HAMAAD FAROOQI

C HITRAL —Residents of M URREE —The Tehsil Mu- Balach has urged the Civil

nicipal Authority, Murree, employees on Monday demonstrated against DCO Rawalpindi at GPO Chowk Mall road, as they had not been paid salaries for the last two months due to non availability of funds. They were chanting slogans against the District Coordinating Officer. They also warned the DCO that if they were not paid their salaries they would cut the water supply of the city. The members of union of TMA shut their offices on Monday and started protest at Mall Road. The demonstration was led by the union leader Naveed Abbasi. Addressing the protesters he said that for the last four months divisional office had been putting hurdles in payment of their salary. He said for last two months employees had not received their salaries. The protesters also staged a sitin and demanded their right of pay. In the end of protest Naveed Abbasi, Muhammad Ali and other leaders of the union said in their speeches that this was a peaceful demonstration but if DCO would not take notice of our demands then all TMA offices will be shut DIR: Commandant Scout, Col Muhammad Kamran Aslam and people would face so presenting trophy to a recruit during passing out parade. many problems.

Aviation Authority (CAA) high ups to compensate them for their land if they were not allowed construction of houses. A meeting was held at Balach under the chair of ACO (Retd) Miftahuddin which was attended by a large number of owners of land near runway of Chitral Airport. Fazal Rahim Advocate of PML-N, Muhammad Hakeem Advocate, General Secretary of PPP Azmat Esa advocate, retired public prosecutor and other said that there was no CAA Act until 1997-98. They said that CAA did not allow any body to

make any construction upto 750 feet from middle of runway at that time. But they have issued No Objection Certificate (NOC) to government grain godown (warehouse), vocational institute within the same distance but it is not allowing local people to construct their houses. They alleged that CAA was not following uniform policy because some building have been constructed but it has stopped some people to construct houses. They said that population area is more protected than a barren land because in populated area nobody can dare any terrorism activity. There is acute shortage of plain land in Chitral but

CAA was not allowing local people to construct houses not they were ready to purchase this land on market rate. They said that CAA should acquire this land and keep it for extension of airport in future. It is worth to mention here that CAA Act was extended to Chitral on March 25, 1998, but after implementation of that Act (law) in Chitral some government buildings were constructed in runway area. Local people say that a court issued decree in favour of owner of land conditionally that CAA should pay them according to market rate with 15% compensation of construction within one year but CAA kept silent.

Criminals pose serious threat to citizens SHAFFAAT MALIK TALAGANG—Millions of Afghan refugees have been lliving in Pakistan for the last more than thirty years and no one can really tell the exact number of refugees. Estimates range from half a million to over 10 million. It is a fact that Aghans have suffered due Russian and American attacks on their country. The Aghan refugees have suffered untold miseries due to their forced migration to Pakistan and Iran, both the neighbouring countries of Afghanistan but the local population in Pakistan has been suffering more because

of problems they are facing due influx of Afghans. One of the major problems is manifold increase in crimes. Recent bank robbery in Talagang has raised many questions on the illegal stay of Afghan immigrants in Talagang Tehsil. Car lifting, kidnapping for ransom and dacoities are increasing day by day. People are feeling themselves unsafe as far as security of lives and property is considered. They have demanded of the government to take serious action against Afghans illegally staying in the country. ***** Vehicles and pedestrians

are forced to travel on main road in the town most carefully avoiding manholes in Talagang, otherwise, a minor carelessness can cost them dearly. Main road and most of the streets of Talagang are presenting the same picture as on many places people have put stones and branches of trees to avoid accidents which is creating problems for motorists and may cause of any serious accident especially during night. On Talagang-Chakwal road a number of manholes are broken and a couple of manholes are designed in a funny way, almost 6 inches above the ground.


Perhaps time for major surgery has come in Balochistan

MEDIA WATCH

An appalling waste of food

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HE reaction to imposition of Governor’s rule in Balochistan by members of the provincial assembly seems to be nothing except an attempt to camouflage the wrongdoing of the past about five years. This is evident from two reports that appeared in national media on Monday about initiation of NAB inquiry against five more former provincial ministers on charges of corruption and news conference of CCPO Quetta revealing that even officers of SP and DSP level were involved in incidents of kidnapping for ransom. This is just tip of the iceberg as there have been consistent reports about massive corruption by the former Chief Minister and members of his cabinet, who were supposed to protect life, property and honour of the citizens. One can imagine plight of the people of the province when the Government and the most relevant government departments themselves are involved in looting and fleecing the general public. There have also been reports that despite manifold increase in provincial revenues after announcement of the 7th NFC Award, no worthwhile developmental activity has been initiated in Balochistan and no one knows where billions of rupees have gone. Add to this the law and order situation in the province that has consistently been witnessing a nosedive since long as the Government in power was indifferent to the situation. Both local elements and foreign agents are involved in target killings resulting into exodus of settlers that would badly affect the socio-economic progress of the province as doctors, engineers and professors are also targeted. All this led to proclamation of Governor’s rule in Balochistan yet it is regrettable that instead of accepting the decision in the interest of the province, the former ruling clique is politising the issue despite the fact that Governor’s rule was imposed in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Constitution. In fact, there are complaints and rightly so that the authorities concerned lost precious time in arriving at the conclusion that there was no option left but to impose Governor’s rule. But what has been done is not enough as the province is on the verge of total collapse and therefore, the President and the Governor should consult all stakeholders and launch a major surgery to ensure rule of law and security of life and property besides weeding out the menace of corruption.

After IMF, WB too concerned about Pak economy T

HERE was time when the multilateral financial institutions and do nors were all praise about economic performance of Pakistan that was considered to be among the top performers in Asia. However, the neglect shown by the present Government has played havoc with the economy resulting into compounding of problems of the common man. The IMF had recently warned about sorry state of the economy and now the World Bank has come out with its observation that Pakistan’s economic growth would remain lowest in the region as it is expected to grow at just 3.8% during the current fiscal year, much lower than not only India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh but Nepal as well. It has identified weak investment climate, infrastructure gaps, sovereign credit worthiness concerns and large fiscal deficit as major obstacles to a sustained improvement in investment activity and economic performance. These problems have been there since day one of the present Government but unfortunately it did not pay any heed to them. No doubt, investors shy away due to deteriorating security environment but it is also a fact that the policies of the Government like its failure to ensure adequate supply of gas and electricity, jacking up of prices of utilities every now and then and corruption are the real issues. The Government makes tall claims about its economic performance but the plight of the ordinary citizen has worsened during its tenure which speaks volumes about its success on this front. It is because of this that we have been urging political parties to evolve consensus on fundamental economic policies.

Hindu terror may spill over in neighbouring countries I

NDIAN Home Minister has done well and in the greater interest of India itself by frankly admitting that extremist parties like RSS and BJP were promoting Hindu terrorism. The admission by Mr Shinde reflects how deep the cancer has gone in the blood veins of Indian society and its manifestation is seen every day. In the past, India blamed Pakistan for every act of terrorism on its soil but later investigations revealed that the real culprits in such incidents were Hindu extremists. Mr Shinde had to concede that RSS was behind Samjhauta express tragedy, Mecca Masjid and Malegaon blasts to name a few. In our opinion the virus of rapes taking place every day in India is one dimension of terrorism. In 2002 more than 3000 Muslims were hacked, beaten or burned to death in a couple of days and what was appalling was that Narendra Modi, BJP Chief Minister of the State was widely believed to be behind the massacre. He is now aspiring to become Prime Minister of India and one fears what would be the fate of the self proclaimed secular and biggest democracy, if he is elected. In Occupied Kashmir, agencies are being used for state terrorism where women are molested and youths taken away without formal registration of cases and later their dead bodies are handed over to the families. As India claims to be regional leader and looking beyond its borders, there is a danger that Hindu terror may spill over in neighbouring countries as well. Therefore we would urge in the interest of peace in the region that India instead of raising accusing finger at Pakistan and other countries day in and day out, must look at its own backyard to prevent the rising tide of Hindu terrorism.

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Lal Masjid-like tragedy averted plan to disperse the gathering by using the water cannon and tear gas, which could have resulted in a number of casualties Mohammad Jamil large during the course of stamEmail: mjamil1938@hotmail.com pede. That way, it was a happy ending. But, the commentariat, analysts and efore Dr Tahirul Qadri media men continue tossing around started had his long march, conspiracy theories. Earlier they bea few political leaders, lieved that military and judiciary had anchorpersons, analysts and panel- joined hands to evolve Bangladeshi ists saw hidden hands behind it; model in Pakistan. They insinuated some pointing their fingers to the military establishment despite the fact West while others towards military that many a time present military and intelligence agencies. Tens of leadership expressed its resolve to act thousands of his followers — men, as per dictates of constitution. Since women and children — traveled the federal and provincial governfrom Lahore and other districts of ments have failed to deliver during Punjab to stage a sit-in at D-Square the last 5 years, they are worried that at Islamabad. There was a looming they may meet the wrath of the threat of confrontation between the people, and also suffer from military long marchers and police, especially establishment phobia. after Dr Qadri gave final ultimatum During the last five years, there for acceptance of his demands. were many instances when an advenHowever, better sense prevailed, turer could have been tempted to inperhaps on the cue from certain tervene and send the assemblies packquarters the government formed a ing; but that was not to be under high-powered negotiating team; and present military leadership. One of agreement was reached whereby such occasions was long march by three of Dr Qadri’s four demands the PML-N during movement of reswere accepted. The salient feature toration of judiciary when conflict beis that Election Commission now tween the ruling and opposition parwill have 30 days to scrutinize the ties seemed to be heading towards nominations papers instead of final- chaos and anarchy. izing the nomination papers of the It is now an open secret that the candidates of national and provin- military leadership had played a posicial assemblies tive role by suggesting the governIt is immaterial as to who ment to understand the gravity of the played the role in bringing Dr situation and restore the judiciary, Tahirul Qadri and the government which averted the head-on collision. on the negotiating table, as it averted Last year, when Pakistan Tehreek-ea disaster and the participants of Insaf held a huge public meeting in long march safely went back to their Iqbal Park where people came in abodes. According to reports, the droves, they pointed their fingers tointerior ministry had contrived a wards military and the ISI. Last

News & Views

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month, when Dr Tahirul Qadri was able to mobilize the people and put up an impressive show at Minar-ePakistan, they suspected military establishment and the ISI behind it. The fact remains that the country does stand in dire need of drastic electoral reforms, and its political system too must change for an honest, sincere and real leadership to emerge. But for electing such a leadership, the electorate must necessarily be the master of its own will and vote. But the bulk of it is practically a disenfranchised citizenry, living in the thralldom of landed aristocracy and feudal lords, with no right even to their life. Just listen to the street; it is the public shrieks of frustration and disappointment because the people are being crushed by a juggernaut of poverty, want, disease, joblessness, inflation and lawlessness. But there are no listeners either in the ruling hierarchies or the opposition tribes, as they are preoccupied with turf wars and politics of power and pelf. It goes without saying that no democrat would support Martial Law, but when the situation becomes anarchic; when the people at large are fed up with the deceit and deception of the politicians, and it becomes difficult to keep their body and soul together, they start looking for a messiah. For controversial statements and his shifting stances, one would not hold brief for Dr Tahirul Qadri, but the fact remains that he challenged the status quo forces, highlighted their corruption, loot and plunder. However, the government accepted three of his four demands for electoral reforms to check corrupt practices. Even if a fraction of the reforms are implemented, it will be a great achievement. Dr Qadri had pointed out some serious flaws in the elec-

tion laws which allowed the CECP to let a man with fake degree contest elections for National Assembly or Provincial Assemblies’ seat. Tax evaders, loan defaulters and those having committed other serious crimes are invariably not screened out during scrutiny of their papers. Exiting laws should be implemented in letter and spirit and a few laws will have to be changed to plug the loopholes. Whether Dr Qadri stays in Pakistan or goes back to Canada is immaterial now, as he has played his part in exposing the system, which is rotten to the core. It is true that the commission does not have the authority to remove and replace any government official trying to play foul in the election on the behest of some political party or parties. Tahirul Qadri’s demand that the laws be changed and the ECP be given at least one month to investigate the information given by the candidates when they file their papers for elections sounds just. Currently, the ECP finalizes the papers of candidates within a few hours. Having that said, Dr Qadri has achieved a lot in substance, and the nation stands to benefit as well. Agreement between Dr Qadri and the government states: “The National Assembly shall be dissolved at any time before March 16, 2013, (due date), so that the elections may take place within the 90 days. One month will be given for scrutiny of nomination papers for the purpose of preclearance of the candidates under article 62 and 63 of the constitution so that the eligibility of the candidates is determined by the Elections Commission of Pakistan (ECP)”. —The writer is Lahore-based senior journalist.

Pakistan at the crossroads again? finding, the agreements were signed ‘in haste‘ and without Ali Ashraf Khan examining in detail the contracEmail:balti@super.net.pk tual obligations which these entailed for the government. The agreements were later changed he Supreme Court of Paki by the Private Power and Infrastrucstan, irrecked with National ture Board (PPIB) in favour of RPPs. Accountability Bureau perfor- Most of the agreements contained mance on implementing its verdict serious flaws and included even proannounced in March 2012 on Tues- visions that if a contractor gives up day ordered the arrest of 16 accused the work after signing the agreement, in Rental Power case including the the government would still have to then Minister for Water and Power pay for the capacity charges. The reRaja Pervez Ashraf who happens to port also points out the 14 per cent be the sitting Prime Minister today. mobilization charges paid to the 14 The Supreme Court had in its judg- RPPs, and did not take into account ment declared all rental power con- the tariff calculations. Only nine of the RPPs then were tracts “illegal”, directing NAB to take action against the delinquents. allowed to function after this damnSince no action was taken by NAB ing Asian Development Bank report. for a considerable while therefore, Subsequently, six of those nine RPPs the Supreme Court in December were discontinued as well. Despite 2012 directed NAB to present its the fact that the rental power case was final report on 15th January 2013. pending that had brought the nickOn Tuesday when NAB re- name of Raja rental to the former ported that investigation against all Minister of Water and Power, his the nominated persons in this case party the ruling PPP headed by Asif has been completed Supreme Court Ali Zardari made the Raja Pervez has finally asked Chairman NAB to Ashraf the Prime Minster after Yusuf finalize charge sheets, arrest them Raza Gilani, who had to step down and produce them before the rel- after disobeying another order of the evant court. The then Minister for Supreme Court in the NRO case to Water and Power during whose ten- write letter to Swiss Court to re-open ure the Rental Power Projects were the case. This shows that the ruling approved or set up, were assisted by PPP and its leaders are least conthe then Minister of Finance Shaukat cerned about good governance and Tareen and the Finance Secretary are solely interested in keeping themholding charge when the down pay- selves in power. Now this court deciment for Rental Power Projects was sion might bring their government increased from 7% to 14%. After down. The reason for this is the cointhe19 RPP contracts had been signed ciding of this arrest warrant with the on a second thought Finance Minis- much-touted long march of imported ter Shaukat Tareen obtained cabinet Dr. Tahirul Qadri that is right now approval that the entire project of taking place putting the capital of Paengaging the RPPs, its pros and kistan under siege. Though much cons, the benefits and flaws, to be fewer people joined the march than thoroughly examined by the Asian expected by Dr. Qadri and his followDevelopment Bank, so that the gov- ers, the fact is that those who have ernment would be fully aware of the joined are there for the real reasons: correct situation at the time of award they are the poor and deprived of this of contracts. According to ADB‘s country and society, deprived of elec-

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tricity, healthcare, education, jobs and many other things that make human life respectable and they have found a ray of hope in this long march call. The news about the arrest warrant in the rental power case comes together with another news item that is connected to an earlier mega corruption scandal. Just a couple of days ago the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) was informed that over 82.53 billion rupees were paid to IPPs by WAPDA under the head of fine and late payment during the last five years. This news is related to another fraud that had been committed years ago by another member of the Bhutto clan Benazir during her 2nd tenure. Present rulers were not satisfied with the damaging effects brought by IPP’s to our economic health that they further devised a novel corruption formula to ‘compensate’ independent power producers (IPPs), according to which they will be paid Rs600 million per month for operating below capacity due to financial crunch with the pledge to end load shedding by 31st December 2011. The new formula was floated with a tag to resolve cash flow problems of IPP’s that will eventually help to a great extent in overcoming the on-going energy crisis. KESC happens to be a privatized entity but over Rs100 billion have been doled out as stimulus package from the taxpayer’s money. All this shows that fraud and corruption from top to the bottom of society is the main problem of this country. By now power is in the hands of people who sell postings, jobs, licenses and degrees and it is almost impossible for the common man not to get corrupted. This has been going on for the last many decades with the result that by now the Pakistani state and most of its institutions have lost creditability in the eyes of the people, law starting from the traffic rules and ending with the first law of the country, the constitution is disregarded and

not worth the paper on which it is written. As a result the economy is failing and poverty is reaching new heights. In the face of such a desperate situation with the government weak and may be falling as responsible citizens we have to ask ourselves what can be done and where should relief come from. As we have been repeating several times we think that democracy doesn’t suit the structure of Pakistan’s society. For democracy to work you need democratically minded people who hold firm opinion on issues confronting the nation. In our country even the educated lot is not democratically minded, meaning that they would accept the democratic rules of equality and give adequate access to power to the poor who are the majority in the country. They want to rule themselves and use the people as voting cattle which those haplessly allow them to do. If not, elections are manipulated by pre-poll rigging, false electoral roles, theft or filling ballot boxes with fake votes and many others tricks. No election in Pakistan has ever been fair, not even the 1970’s one. Our bad experience with charter of democracy in last 5 years is before all of that has forced the nation to stage sit-ins when their voice and problems are not noticed by the rulers. Therefore, in order to solve our main two problems that is corruption and poverty we don’t need democracy, a benevolent dictator would do. This statement is supported by examples of countries that have gained economic progress without democracy such as China, Singapore and others. Of course China does have a due amount of corruption. But in any case Pakistan can not go the Chinese way, the Korean way or anybody else’s way; we will have to find the Pakistani way to solve our problems. God bless Pakistan.

n alarming new report esti mates that between 30 and 50 percent of all the food produced in the world is lost and wasted. This is a shocking finding given the scale of malnourishment and hunger on our planet. While it is tempting to blame governments for this appalling state of affairs, the truth is that almost all of us contribute to this problem. While governments must do the lion’s share of the work, individual citizens can also help to reduce loss, waste and hunger. The new report is by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, a British-based independent organization. The two-year study concluded that about half of the 4.4 billion tons of food that is produced worldwide annually is never eaten. Those findings track with a study by the Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology, conducted for the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization and released in 2011, which concluded that about one-third of all food produced — 1.3 billion tons — was wasted annually, in equal measure by developed and developing nations. With 870 million people already suffering from chronic malnutrition, the world population exceeding 7 billion and climbing, and climate change altering agricultural production, there is no room for such practices. The causes are many: Some food is left in the fields, more is wasted because of poor storage and transportation. Still more is wasted by markets and consumers. Ultimately, the scale of waste is large enough to prevent the world from “sustainably meeting our future food demands,” especially when it is estimated that food production must double by 2050. There are many steps that can and should be taken to remedy this absurd situation. In hot climates, postharvest wastage of fruit and vegetables ranges between 35 and 50 per cent. Ghana lost 50 percent of its stored corn in 2008 because of poor storage facilities. Better storage in Pakistan could reduce food losses by 16 percent. Better roads will speed up the time it takes for crops to reach markets, and better information about demand — relayed by cellphone for example — could help ensure that farmers get their goods to the right markets. In the developed world, much of the food loss occurs on the corporate end because the food does not meet aesthetic standards. Incredibly, as much as 30 percent of the British vegetable crop is not harvested because it does not meet marketing standards for size and appearance. The Japanese should understand that problem, as consumers here are some of the most finicky in the world, demanding products that are “perfect, pristine and pretty.” Food scandals of recent years have also encouraged consumers — and supermarkets — to keep a close eye on sell-by dates. Food retailers all over the world adhere strictly to such warnings, resulting in severe losses. Obviously, we need to pay more attention to shopping and eating habits. It is not uncommon for shoppers in the developed world to throw away as much as half the food they buy. The tendency to indulge is driven by marketing schemes that offer “buy one, get one free,” even if we really do not need that second item. It is hard to say no to a bargain. We need to learn to say “no” more effectively. Indeed, consumers need to be more discerning throughout their shopping experience and be vocal in words and deeds. The study of shopping habits is extremely advanced and corporations live and die by their data. If consumers make conscious effort to change their habits, retailers will notice. Consumers can also make better use of food banks and other resources that help the hungry and less fortunate. On the individual level, they need to be conscious of the less fortunate before they throw good food out. And, they too should be encouraging the organizations they work for and the places they shop to be equally solicitous of the needy. Education should emphasize the need to avoid wasting food. Again, it is all about sending signals. It is unrealistic to expect to eliminate all waste in food. But the idea that one-half of food production is wasted — and that much of it is because of aesthetic reasons — is intolerable. — The Japan Times

I always like to associate with a lot of priests because it makes me understand anticlerical things so well. Hilaire Belloc —British poet


NAB’s credibility at stake! anti-corruption body, but its lack of progress in the case speak volChairman NAB statement Rizwan Ghani umes. that the reference was faulty and Email:sadcat44@hotmail.com there was no loss to national exchequer has cast questions about the credibility of NAB. The hard he Rental Power Case judg facts of the case are already public. ment is apolitical. The arrest SC has called NAB report contrary order of the PM by the Apex to the facts. NAB Chairman stateCourt was based on evidence. The ment of working under NAB ordijudgment has given hope to the pub- nance not Supreme Court is unfortulic that no one is above the law. Re- nate. NAB is an independent anti-corportedly, the case involves mega cor- ruption setup under the Constitutions ruption of Rs. 600bn. The fury on tim- in which judiciary is superior due to ing of the judgment and indifference its powers of judicial review and inof the opposition shows disdain for terpret law. NAB therefore is answerrule of law. The Supreme Court had able to the judiciary. The delaying tactics of NAB to order fortnightly progress on the case due to lack of progress since the Chairman merit to be investigated. case judgment given in March 2012. The mysterious death of RP case The case was registered in Septem- NAB investigator has raised serious ber 2009 and chief executive was not questions about the use of delaying PM at that time. The arrest orders of tactics by the NAB Chairman in the 16 accused including PM are normal court. There was deliberate delay in in such cases and in accordance to production of record, questioning of Supreme Court authority and demand global jurisprudence. The failures of National Account- for written orders for production of ability Bureau in the RP case are dis- the record. It is important to investiappointing. NAB is an independent gate and rule out his role in the delay

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which forced the court to forward the hearing to Jan. 23 despite initial remarks of the Chief Justice in which he said that the court would deliberate until 10pm to reach a decision on Jan 14. This delay resulted in mysterious murder of the IO and his missing laptop. These developments cannot be ignored in a high profile case involving powerful people and billions of rupees of corruption. NAB Chairman merits to be removed and brought to book. NAB is also dragging its feet on implementing SC orders on OGRA Case. The accused are at large despite repeated orders of the court. The deliberate failure of all concerned to arrest the accused is obstruction of justice. It is a serious crime. The court observations of record showing wanted accused travelling in NAB vehicle reveal that NAB has failed to discharge its duties under its charter. to It is a common knowledge that NAB has been politicized and is unable to oppose pressure from the powerful forces in the country including political leadership. The inefficacy of NAB in high profile cases has clearly

shown that NAB chairman is obstructing justice instead of upholding it. He has lost moral and legal credibility to head the premier anticorruption institution. He has become a threat to safety of NAB employees and judiciary’s efforts against corruption at a time when country is losing Rs. 10bn daily to corruption. He should be removed and punished for undermining law and judiciary. There should be high level judicial inquiry to determine the cause of death of NAB IO. The media reports have shown signs of struggle on victim’s body. The father of the victim has also appealed for independent inquiry. Independent inquiry is also necessary to rule out any foul play under the doctrine of fair justice. All those people who visited crime scene before the police secured it should be dealt with in accordance to the law for violating it. It is important to hold inquiry to provide justice so that there is sense of security and protection to the staff who fight against corruption.

Democracy without democrats is said to be a democracy, its media are hardly free or able Shaukat M Zafar to play a genuine watchdog role. Our private media that Email: smzafar101@gmail.com lack the vision, skills and platforms to report effectively on the serious challenges any Pakistanis now realize faced by the nation and the country that their “sovereign” demo – corruption, poverty, poor govercratic government is nei- nance, loss of public institutions, ther sovereign nor democratic and shutting industry, flying capital, is in the pocket of unaccountable worst ever law and order situation, elite having financial interests degrading or non-existent infrastrucabroad. Under the sitting so call ture and so on…, to name but a few, democrats, the things are worsening is engaged only to protect their all over Pakistan day by day. Poli- financer politicians and to hide their tics has become the business of rich corruption in the name of protectin Pakistan. The present parliamen- ing “democracy”, simultaneously tary system suits the feudal political weakening the national institutions elite only, they hold reign of power on their behest. through this system. Present form of Let us give a big hand to our democracy has allowed “thieves” to “free” media for achieving this sorry plunder the country. state. Let us thank them for learning It has little to do with genuine the word democracy and before redemocratic representation but rather ally knowing its essence, trying to more closely resembles a revolving do the nation a favor by making vilfascist dictatorship beholden to the lains look like heroes and heroes, interests of a wealthy elite and big villains. I think, during the last five businesses. Fake democrats surely years almost whole system has been produce a fake democracy as is in corrupted. The advocates of democPakistan. Our ruling elite have not racy need to understand that merely done any service to their country, de- holding elections is not the solution. mocracy or the people of Pakistan. Democracy ensures that people This is what our self-styled ‘liber- are governed no better than they deals’, civil society and our media serve. Instead of empowering the don’t understand. Although Pakistan people in real sense, our so called

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leaders have reduced democracy into a situation where a voter can auction his vote to the highest bidder against the spirit of the democracy, which truly allows people to replace one set of rulers by another of similar nature. Many voters in Pakistan do not exercise their right to choose properly. Their vote is based on factors such as caste, creed and color. As a result, they end up sending crooks and criminals to parliament. Empowerment requires the rule of law. People feel empowered only when they know that they have rights and that the institutions of government exist, first and foremost, to enforce them. Our leadership should make education its top priority, set a goal of raising literacy rate to the maximum in order to empower the people. What kind of democracy is this where the vast majority of people are destitute? Is right to vote the essence of democracy? No, it is not! To call Pakistan a democracy now is a joke. Go through the list of criminals occupying high places and the notion is not lost. Money, religion and caste get votes, not democracy. Until this is sorted out democracy in Pakistan is overplayed! This is a bitter truth that our national political parties have lost their capability to run the government due

to lack of democracy within and running the parties like dictators. A Parliament filled with feudal lords —this is no democracy. Monarchy of one family & dynasty of one party, the name is Pakistani democracy. While truly “free and fair” elections are important, many kinds of election fraud have been outlawed in electoral legislation in Pakistan. Result is that ddemocracy or dictatorship now matter little to the economically marginalized masses of Pakistan. For them mere survival is now the most pressing issue at hand. The current government is not enjoying the popularity even which the Musharraf regime used to enjoy in its initial phase. Now masses are of the opinion that the military dictatorship era provided them with better living opportunities and they were at ease than the present civilian dictators. The political instability in Pakistan, though frequently attributed by the politicians and their paid media to the frequent military takeovers, but the military only come once politicians fail miserably. The people always welcome the change. Every time during the political crisis the parliament fails to deliver.

Views From Abroad

Torture on rise in Afghan jails: UN Emma G Harrison

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he use of torture has risen in Afghan police jails over the past year, and there are “credible reports” the country’s intelligence service has created secret prisons and sometimes hides detainees from international observers, a damning UN survey has found. Just over half of prisoners held in connection with Afghanistan’s long-running war endured torture or ill-treatment while in custody between October 2011 and October 2012, with 14 different methods recorded, including electric shocks, twisting of genitals, beatings with cables and rifle butts and suspension from the wrists or feet. In southern Kandahar city, which appears to have the most extensive and deep-rooted problems with torture, dozens of men have also “disappeared” while in police custody, according to the 123-page report by the UN’s human rights office in Afghanistan, which includes a detailed, 20-page response from the Afghan government. Torture is unlikely to diminish unless ministers and top security commanders are willing to

prosecute and fire officials connected with mistreatment, and stop using confessions obtained through torture in court cases, the top UN human rights official in Afghanistan warned. “Torture cannot be addressed by training, inspections and directives alone, but requires sound accountability measures to stop and prevent its use,” said Georgette Gagnon. “Without deterrents … Afghan officials have no incentive to stop torture.” The report is worrying reading for foreign governments supporting Afghanistan’s police and army, both with troops on the ground and financially. There are legal restrictions on handing over prisoners if they will face a substantial risk of torture, and even though transfers have been restricted, voters may be unhappy about funding security forces implicated in torture. The Afghan government admitted there might be occasional lapses in a system it was still strengthening, but denied “severe cases of inhuman treatment”, dismissed the findings of systematic torture as “exaggerated”, and said insurgents were trained to allege torture if captured. The National Directorate of Security (NDS) also denied hiding prisoners or run-

ning secret jails. The UN, which surveyed 635 prisoners, said it used high standards of proof and had dismissed 51 claims that were not credible. The survey also found the nature of abuse reported differed from jail to jail, but within individual detention centres was often consistent across months and prisoners from different insurgent groups. The UN team, which visited 89 detention centres and was denied access to just one intelligence service jail, found “multiple credible and reliable incidents of torture and ill-treatment had occurred particularly in 34 facilities”.The torture was systematic in seven police jails and two intelligence detention centres, all but one of them in Kandahar, birthplace of the Taliban and long a stronghold of the insurgency. Torture by police and intelligence officials “was most prevalent” in Kandahar, the UN said. It is also the only place where “disappearances” in police custody were reported. Ten other intelligence service prisons and 15 other police jails across Afghanistan had multiple reports of torture, but the only other place where systematic use of torture was reported was the intelligence service’s counter-terrorism centre in

Kabul. “The use of torture … resumed in most of the facilities after Isaf had certified them, restarted transfers and reduced its monitoring,” the report said. Just over a third of detainees experienced torture in security service prisons, down 12% from the previous year. But there are concerns that because of the scrutiny of conflict-related prisoners, the NDS may have tried to hide prisoners or channelled them into police custody, where torture was up 8%. Of the prisoners interviewed, 105 were children under international law, and a large majority of these juvenile prisoners had been tortured. Only a very small portion of prisoners had been in Afghan army or Afghan local police custody, but they also reported torture by those forces. Despite the training and inspections, no one has been fired or prosecuted for torture by the police or intelligence services since the first UN report on torture in jails was published in October 2011, and the UN described a culture where torture is often considered a useful, legitimate tool. — Courtesy: The Guardian

A dangerous path..!

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ven as I join others in griev ing the death of Jacintha Saldanha, the nurse who committed suicide over the prank of finding out whether Kate was pregnant or not, even as I feel sorry for the two young children she has left behind and also her husband, I till wonder whether we are traversing a dangerous path. Like it or not, it was suicide. Like it or not, two young children are without a mother, and without financial support in an adopted

country. Whether we like it or not, a husband, who really doesn’t have a steady job, is now left not just to fend for himself, but to care for two kids and their terrible loss. And whether we like it or not, it was not a great secret she let out, not something that saw the eventual loss of thousands of lives or that put the country to risk, but just Kate’s morning sickness hidden from the public for some reason we’ll never know. And whether we like it or not, it was a prank. Was there a need to die? As I see the reaction of our Indian press, I wonder whether deep down in our minds, we think suicide something heroic? And if so we don’t need far to go to find the root of such thought; after all it took a law to prevent our wives jumping into the fire to join a

dead husband, leaving behind children at the mercy of relatives. Without being too insensitive, I write this piece today because it disturbs me, that there are many in our country, many in despair, and desperation, who instead of realizing that they need to fight and win, many who instead of looking inward for strength and resilience may now take the easier path of a rope round their necks! Maybe immense pressure gives one thoughts of suicide, but such stress has to be fought, problems have to be thrashed out, challenges to be accepted and won over. That is what life is all about. There will always be people who stand in our way, who have to be won over, there will always be jokes that make us feel small and humiliated,

but it is for us to get up and walk, not stay down and throw ourselves away. There are many ways to commit suicide, not always instant death; alcohol, that drowns our failures, then kills our relationships and finally rots our liver, drugs, and even a constant state of depression. What do we tell her two children, who have to face the rest of their childhood without their mother? That two Australian jockeys killed her? What do we tell our children as they face challenges, criticism and critical circumstances everyday? Do we tell them to give up or do we show them the path of winning? Today, we tread a dangerous path..! —Email: bobsbanter@gmail.com

Voice of the People The menace of rape ASIM IQBAL

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ape, the worst form of violence against women, is increasing day by day in Pakistan. In 2011,(827) rape cases were reported while in 2012 the number of cases crossed the figure 2700. The situation is so bad that even minor and early teen age girls are not safe only last month three girls 6 to 14 years of age were raped but the culprits were not arrested. The rape incidents have become so common in Pakistan that society hardly take any notice of brutalities with women. The reason of rape may be many because the rape dose not occurs only for lust. Some times it is used as weapon to humiliate the rival groups and families. Some times it occurs to take revenge of personal dispute how ever the reason for increasing this menace is one which is ineffectiveness of our law system. There is no fear of punishment among the people who commit sexual crimes because there are many flaws in our system which help the offenders in legal battle and justice is not served to the victim. When a woman is raped and she goes to police station to get the case registered police does not cooperate and first refuses to file the complaint. If the case is registered and the culprits are arrested they are released due to insufficient investigation report. If we want to protect women and eliminate this heinous crime we will have to show zero tolerance against sexual abuse with this there is a need to set up speedy trial courts, comprising on women judges, for the hearing of rape cases because only woman can understand the sufferings of victims. —Via email

Abductions in Balochistan IQBAL HADI ZAIDI Yesterday late evening it was breaking news on television channels that in Quetta 5 police officers including SP were arrested from a police station. It further said that a person abducted from Dalbandeen was detained at police station and the police had demanded handsome ransom money to release him. The raiding party not only found the person so abducted but also recovered ransom money which police officials were to share in between. It is alleged that these law enforcers and protectors were themselves involved in kidnapping and pocketing ransom money which runs into minimum 6 digits if not 7 so one can very well imagine as to how lucrative is the business for the police to mint and not get extra money over and above what the government pays to them. Now once it is established as to who abducts and who pockets money by committing such heinous crime. These persons must be punished severely and publicly so that all those who work in police dare not indulge in such criminality. Incidentally our police are known for being contrary so it is not something new rather on the contra it is the confirmation of the impression our police carries. However, relying on the past bitter experiences I think, eventually these officers arrested could be acquitted honorably! —Kuwait

Long march declaration S R H HASHMI We all feel relieved that Dr. Tahirul Qadri’s long march ended without any untoward incident either in Islamabad or on the way to, or back from Islamabad. What is even better is that he managed to achieve the main objectives and hopefully, a better crop of parliamentarians will emerge after the forthcoming elections. We must give credit to Dr. Qadri for securing an agreement signed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan, which promises adequate powers and time to the Election Commission to stop undesirable elements from sneaking into the parliament again, and ensures dissolution of the assemblies before the end of their tenure, thus ruling out their extension for another year or so, while the talks for further electoral reforms will continue. These are spectacular achievements for a person who has been away from Pakistan for some years. Dr. Qadri has done the difficult task of securing the agreement and I am sure his followers, and political parties, the Mutahidda Qaumi Movement, Pakistan Tahreek-eInsaf and others will complete the relatively simpler task of ensuring that the agreement is implemented in full, thus giving us a capable team of parliamentarians which will run the government solely for the benefit of the country and the people. We are really greateful to Dr. Qadri and his followers for doing this great favour to the us, at their own cost and suffering personal hardship, travelling nearly 300 kilometres to Islamabad and staying there in extremely cold weather, with amenities which could hardly be described as five-star. We will not let their sacrifices go in vain and I am sure we will see a better government emerging after forthcoming elections. —Karachi

***** FARHAN ABBASI It is a fantasy based story of today’s politics of Pakistan. Today, it does seem that this government will complete its tenure of five years but on the tickets of Long Marches. Our democracy’s sudden fantasy story is crystal clear that if any democratic government wants to accomplish the five years tenure of their rule then

the leading hit ingredient is to include long marches and some mini marches in between their running tenure. No doubt this is a fishy and tested tip. This government has witnessed two long marches (the first was of lawyers faculty long march of the year 2008 and the other was of Nawaz Sharif’s long march of 2009 though both were for the restoration of judiciary) and now this government setup is going to end-up with the one long march (Qadri March). But one thing is sure that this time democratic set-up is not going to have any army interval of ten years for democracy, and why not after all as by the media reports; the Interior ministry has wasted 20 carore rupees on the security and management of Qadri march. It is obvious that all Pakistani do not want to waste their precious taxes on these hypaethral foreigners but still it happened, and hopefully it is not a coincidence ticket to long march. —Via email

**** DR IRFAN ZAFAR If history serves us right, Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) sacrificed his life instead of entering into an agreement with Yazeed. —Islamabad

YouTube COL RIAZ JAFRI (R) What was that that access to the YouTube was restored by the Interior Minister but was clamped down after only a few hours by the PM on a reportedly telephone call from a journalist?! Could the IM and the PM be not on the same page before the order and the counter order? In any case for how long more do they intend to keep the YouTube out of the reach of the millions in Pakistan and deny them an immensely huge source of all kinds of academic and general knowledge badly needed by from an ordinary high school student to a post doctorate research scholar?! As far as the availability of some objectionable material on the YouTube is concerned, it has been there from the day one YouTube was aired and shall remain there till the last day of its presence on the net. It is for the individuals themselves to access such a material or not and any right thinking Muslim would simply not do so. I would, therefore, earnestly request the govt. to lift the ban on YouTube and trust the nation for its mature conduct rather than yield to the extremists who find Islam being endangered even by a male doctor treating a female dying patient. —Rawalpindi

Another declaration SANOBAR NADIR BUTT Finally after the fives days long March came to an end. Will it be the end of people’s sufferings too? We can just hope so, because we do not have any other choice. Well, undoubtedly long march comprised of people from almost every walk of life and every part of country and that they stood these in such chilly and blood freezing weather is really commendable. This for sure proves that our nation is not sleeping or dead they can stand for their rights, Its better that every government should understand that, they have almost all the authorities of the state but one thing can not be denied that, the power lies within the people. It is the people who appoint them to their respective positions so, if they have the power to bring them in ruling position they also posses the courage to challenge and oppose their wrong practices. Though long march peacefully came to an end and a declaration has also been signed which is named as long march declaration but it surely leaves one question in mind that whether the points which are mentioned in this declaration will be followed and implemented or it will be consider merely a “piece of a paper”. Keeping my fingers crossed, I hope that government will stand to their words and follow the points which are mentioned in Long March

declaration, because before this declaration many other declarations had also been signed but they were just limited to papers and hardly any practical work could be seen on those declarations. But if this declaration was just a move by the government to disperse the march then people will not pardon them. Since, in earlier declaration there was no involvement by public but here the situation is entirely different, here public is directly involved and they have faced almost every kind of hardship to achieve their demands. At least now government should not back down from their words and without any kind of hesitation government should fulfill their pledge. —Karachi

Deaf dialogue on Kashmir A J MALIK India has once again turned down our foreign minister’s invitation to hold talks on the lingering Kashmir issue. Frustrated at prolonged non-resolution of the dispute between two nuclear-capable neighbours, Mirwaiz (head priest) of Kashmir has appealed for finding a solution even beyond the circumference of the UN resolutions (Hindustan Times January 19, 2013). The Mirwaiz said, “If Kashmiris are happy with arrangements other than the UN resolutions, we can look at other options as well, provided they address the aspirations and sentiments of people”. He appreciated ‘Musharraf’s formula’ which could not fructify as the Pak government and its Kashmir policy changed. Aware that Kashmir was a ticking bomb which could mushroom into another war with India, former president Musharraf made some outof-box personal proposals to resolve the dispute. These proposals were his personal views, not official policy of the Pak government. So it is not correct for the Mirwaiz to say that Kashmir policy changed with change of government in Pakistan. Musharraf’s formula inter alia suggests demilitarization coupled with 10-year-long self-rule and joint control by India and Pakistan. Though touted as an innovative solution, it was actually a prelude to facilitating the real solution that is plebiscite. Musharraf clipped the ‘solution’ from Indian foreign secretary, Jagat S. Mehta’s article and re-marketed it with his own nametag. Talks between India and Pakistan have always been a zero-sum game. India goes into each dialogue with an ‘oyster shell’ mindset. Indian officials keep repeating the same old blinkered perspective (atoot ang). India backed out of the plebiscite commitment through a perverted interpretation of the principle clasula rebus sic stantibus (a fundamental change of circumstances). In order for the talks to be successful, both countries need to spell out their reservations and inhibitions. The dialogue, even if resumed, is likely to end up in zero sum unless India leaves its blinker-eyed position. —Via email

Comments on tsunami IQBAL HADI ZAIDI English dictionary has a word called Tsumani which is more bigger and destructive than flood so from that point of view Imran Khan has swept over others so far as expression is concerned. Gen Pervez Musharraf has proved as general though not MA in English as far as I know when he used Earthquake which is nearing if not equal to tsunami. Academically now T faces E Please do enlighten me with your candid opinion. Who takes initiative and where? —Kuwait

READERS are requested to type their letters legibly with double spacing and only on one side of the paper.

—Editor Email:editorial@pakobserver.net


ZACHARY KARABELL

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ARLIER this week the Bureau of La bor Statistics released its monthly infla tion report. The numbers came in at 1.7 percent a year for all items. Excluding the ever-volatile food and energy, it was 1.9 percent. That’s about as low as inflation has been in the last 50 years. Only 1986 (1.1 percent), 1998 and 2001 (1.6 percent), 2008 (0.1 percent) and 2010 (1.5 percent) have come in lower, and a few years in the mid-2000s registered the same. The disappearance of inflation over the past 20 years, however, has barely dented the pervasive belief that inflation remains one of the greatest threats to economic stability. These convictions persist in spite of all evidence to the contrary: Inflation is nowhere visible. For many, that is just proof that we are living in a lull a phony war soon to be disrupted when that age-old enemy reappears and wreaks havoc. At the Federal Reserve legally mandated guardian of price stability and responsible for monitoring and containing inflation – the president of the Richmond Fed, Jeffrey Lacker, has been warning that the current policy of very low interest rates and expansion of the balance sheet is almost certain to spark inflation in the near future. In Europe, those views are even more deeply held. The German Bundesbank still seared by memories of hyperinflation in the 1920s and the collapse of political order that gave rise to the Nazis – remains ever vigilant. Its president, Jens Weidman, is strongly opposed to many of the recent sovereign bailouts to preserve the euro on the grounds that good money chasing bad will spark inflation. These officials tend to be firm yet measured in their concern - something that cannot be said of populist politicians and analysis. The Tea Party is fueled not just by debt animus but by a deep-seated belief that “real” inflation is much higher than what the government reports, and it insists that the spending habits of the government will end in the collapse of the dollar, hyperinflation and the government’s de facto stealing from hard-working Americans’ money. That is the fear of gold bugs, and added to the mix are the views of former Representative Ron Paul and his son, Senator Rand Paul (R-Ky.), that the Fed is putting the United States in inflation peril. Many professional investors and economists are similarly convinced that the current policies of zero interest rates and deficit spending are setting the stage for mas-

Fighting inflation. But where is it? sive inflation. How to explain the inverse relationship between inflation concerns and inflation realities? Yes, low

Japanese. Given that perceptions of economic wellbeing are ultimately tied to disposable income, these forces have largely canceled each other out. In addi-

Instead of fighting inflation, UPA partners Congress and NCP are fighting ... inflation in recent years has been juxtaposed with

tion, people tend to be acutely aware of the volatility

If inflation is not a dire threat, then we need not be so concerned about government spending or central bank policy. We should instead focus on the ability of our national economies and the global economic system to generate sustainable living standards for billions of people. Right now, so many are so fixated on inflation that these other challenges receive short shrift. If inflation revives, that fixation may be justified. If not, we will have squandered our time chasing echoes instead of meeting our present with eyes wide open to the possibilities of the future. modest economic growth and wage stagnation for most Americans - as well as for most Europeans and

of energy and food prices, which have spiked – and then receded – many times in past years. One of the

The west has let negligence in the Sahel turn into a nightmare PAUL COLLIER

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HE international community is in no position to condemn Alge ria, writes Paul Collier Mali’s tragedy is the result of a misalignment in the stars. Unusual geopolitical circumstances triggered a shock; a further coincidence prevented a timely response. The repercussions are now being felt in Algeria and beyond. Until the Libyan revolution culminating in October 2011, Mali was not a fragile state. In June that year, the International Monetary Fund listed 48 such states. Mali was not one of them. By the standards of low-income countries, it was secure. Admittedly, it was neither inclusive nor effective: the Tuareg minority was beyond the pale; patronage and corruption were common. This kind of combination leaves many democracies more prone to political

appetite for the ground operation necessary to secure the stockpile. The urgent task, therefore, was to protect neighbouring regimes. In Mali, this meant turning an army starved of equipment and led by the less

able children of the elite into a fighting force. The need to provide equipment was recognised, but the coincidence of the US and French electoral cycles made it too sensitive to do much about it. Instead, the

government received money for arms. But, as no attention was paid to the risk of corruption, it was looted. This left the army ill matched against the experienced, moti-

Meanwhile, the resumption of financial flows could gradually restore more inclusive governance: African military regimes have gone out of fashion. The lesson from Mali is the need to nip fragile situations in the bud. But it also carries a deeper message – the task of building effective states in Africa has far to go. stockpiled in his country were seized by gangs bent on mischief. A parallel served as a warning: the conflicts triggered by arms looted during Albania’s 1997 meltdown. However, there was no international

tiny from the ranks that escalated into seizure of power. I can only assume that governments then sat down and pondered how to make a nightmare resulting from negligence

The western approach in Somalia of surreptitiously paying ransoms turns rats into tigers. What now? Mali needs life support. The Islamic gangs are well equipped, with a dribble of terrorist support, but they have no government to keep them supplied. The regional powers, Algeria and Nigeria, face the same threat and so have an interest in success.

The death toll for Western hostages ... violence than the dictatorships they replaced. The fall of Libya’s Muammer Gaddafi inflicted an avoidable military threat on the region. Many of the weapons

strongest arguments for vigilance against inflation comes from economists following the dicta of Milton Friedman that “inflation is always and everywhere a monetary phenomenon.” In that view, the actions of governments and central bankers are the determining factor, and the experience of the 20th century was that inflation often followed government policies, especially promiscuous government spending. Since that is what happened in the past, many are firmly convinced that it will, perforce, happen in the future. Yet even with food and fuel, inflation perceptions can be deceptive. Many people are aware that the price of a loaf of bread has risen from less than 40 cents in the 1970s to an average of more than $2 today. Food prices have also risen periodically over the past few years in the face of global demand and droughts. That cements a perception of inflation. Yet over the past few decades, food as an overall percent of income has gone down, down and down. In 1972, Americans spent 15 percent of their disposable income on food; today, that figure is 11 percent. The only shift has been in eating out - people spend more on restaurants and much less on food at home. And that has happened even as incomes have stagnated. Gasoline, which has fluctuated widely, has maintained a steady share of disposable income for decades, at about 3.5 percent, which is now decreasing because of production from shale oil deposits and ever-moreefficient vehicles. One of the strongest arguments for vigilance against inflation comes from economists following the dicta of Milton Friedman that “inflation is always and everywhere a monetary phenomenon.” In that view, the actions of governments and central bankers are the determining factor, and the

vated, superbly equipped gangs – including Malian mercenaries returning from Libya with their weapons – that descended on it. The unsurprising result was the slaughter of its soldiers, provoking a mu-

worse by action. By cutting off finance to the new regime, it ensured both further military debacle and the meltdown of the political process. Meanwhile, global and regional actors were supposedly coordinating an African force to retake northern Mali but the deadlock surrounding 2012 African Union leadership elections may have impaired co-operation. The enemy pre-empted this leisurely process by seizing the rest of the country: how else were they likely to respond? Victory for the Islamists was within reach and would have turned Mali into a second Somalia. Realising this, Paris pressed the panic button and sent in troops. Beggaring belief, the US has still not authorised military support, so the French are on their own. This makes their intervention fraught – as Libya showed, Europe lacks the military depth to mount the sophisticated intelligence and logistics required. Yet France had little choice. Had Mali become a second Somalia, the political and economic costs would have been horrendous. Even in narrowly economic terms, Somali piracy costs the global economy about $2bn a year – 30 times the total ransoms paid. For Mali, as the raid in Algeria shows, the Sahara is the Indian Ocean, and the oil and gas facilities are the tankers – the costs could be higher. The west has blundered so badly that it is in no position to condemn Algeria for taking tough action against kidnappers. The western approach in Somalia of surreptitiously paying ransoms turns rats into tigers. What now? Mali needs life support. The Islamic gangs are well equipped, with a dribble of terrorist support, but they have no government to keep them supplied. —Courtesy Financial Times

experience of the 20th century was that inflation often followed government policies, especially promis-

cuous government spending. Since that is what happened in the past, many are firmly convinced that it will, perforce, happen in the future. One pernicious cliché is that history repeats itself. It doesn’t. Historians repeat each other - and economists then pile on with theorems based on a limited amount of history that then constitute “laws” of economics. Unquestionably, inflation was a systemic threat not just in the 20th century but for centuries before. Thus the absence of inflation today is explained as an anomaly soon to end; an artificial state of affairs generated by easy-money policies of governments and central banks around the world; or a false statement in that inflation is underreported by governments interested in pretending it doesn’t exist. The virtue of these arguments is that they are not falsifiable. You can’t prove there isn’t a government conspiracy about “real” inflation, and you can’t prove that something isn’t about to happen. The consequences of planning for a war that never happens can be just as deleterious as fighting that war unprepared. If inflation is not the proximate risk of today’s economy, then we are radically misjudging our problems and missing solutions. If inflation is not a dire threat, then we need not be so concerned about government spending or central bank policy. We should instead focus on the ability of our national economies and the global economic system to generate sustainable living standards for billions of people. If you argue that there has been a systemic shift – that, say, technology and globalization have combined to send manufactured goods ever lower (with food as much a manufactured good as a computer) – you can easily be dismissed for foolishly contending that “this time it’s different.” What, then, is the statute of limitations for inflation? How long must there be low, low inflation before the risk of it is judged as de minimus? Yes, it might rear up in future. Yes, past patterns may prove correct. It would be foolish not to be on guard about the possibility and the risk - just as it would be foolish not to forget that we still live in a world suffused with nuclear weapons. Yet it would be equally foolish to ignore the weight of evidence about low inflation everywhere around the globe, not just for the past few years but over the past few decades. The consequences of planning for a war that never happens can be just as deleterious as fighting that war unprepared. —Courtesy Reuters

Nationalists or Islamists PETER RUTLAND

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RANCE has intervened in Mali with the stated intention of gain ing control over the chaos cur rently afflicting the country. While the justifications for this intervention have focused on Islamist fighters, Wesleyan University Professor Peter Rutland argues that the Malian crisis primarily revolves around a nationalist rebellion of the Tuareg people that has not been adequately addressed. Rutland argues that by supporting the Malian government’s repression of ethnic minorities, western powers have exacerbated the causes of the crisis they are now scrambling to contain. Without adequate recognition of the true nature of this conflict, it seems likely that the French intervention will struggle to establish its stated goal of political stability in Mali. Western powers were taken by surprise by the sudden emergence of an Islamist regime in northern Mali, and are scrambling to understand what has transpired there. Increasingly, the narrative is one of militant Islam. But the core of the conflict is the nationalist secession movement of the Tuareg people — one that in recent months has been hijacked by Islamist radicals. In the Cold War, the West had a hard time separating out communism from nationalism. That failure led to a string of disastrous interventions, from Cuba to Vietnam. It was easier to see leaders such as Fidel Castro and Ho Chi Minh as tools of Moscow than try to deal with their legitimate nationalist demands. The same mistake is now being made in the “war on terror.” For many years the international community largely ignored the demands for self-determination by the Tuaregs who inhabit the northern half of Mali, known as Azawad. The Tuaregs are nomadic pastoralists who number about 1.5 million and speak Tamashek, one of the Berber languages. They are ethnically distinct from Arabs, who make up the nations to the north, and the Africans who inhabit southern Mali and control the national government. Across Africa and the Middle East, Western powers supported the post-colonial state with economic and military aid, which more often than not was used to crush self-determination movements by ethnic minorities. Some of these were well-known, such as the Kurds; others were more or less invisible to Western eyes, such as the Berbers and Tuaregs in North Africa. Mali achieved independence from France in 1960, and the first Tuareg uprising broke out in 1962. A second rebellion in 1990 resulted in the 1991 Tamanrasset Accords promising the

Tuaregs self-government, which were abandoned by the Malian authorities. After 2001 the United States stepped up its military aid to the Malian government in the name of the war on terror, though this assistance could have been just as easily used to crush Tuareg rebels as against Islamist radicals.

achieved in a few weeks the goal that had eluded them for decades — the expulsion of the Malian Army from northern Mali. The humiliation of the Malian armed forces led to a coup in March that brought down the democratically elected president, Amadou Toumani Touré. The independence of Azawad was declared on April 6,

The third Tuareg rebellion, which broke out in 2006, was complicated by the rise of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Magreb

2012. However, Ansar Dine and some smaller jihadist groups turned on the

They imposed harsh Shariah rule on the towns under their control, causing at least 400,000 residents to flee. It was their continued advance south to spread Islamist rule, not to secure independence for the Tuaregs that triggered French military action this past weekend after months of efforts by the African Union had failed to organize a military intervention to deal with the problem. (AQIM), meaning that there was now a three-way struggle among Islamists, Tuareg nationalists and the Malian state. At first the Tuaregs and Malians formed an alliance against the Islamists, but in 2011 the Tuaregs switched sides and aligned with the Islamists. A new Islamist movement emerged, Ansar Dine, led by Iyad Ag Ghali, who had been one of the leaders of the 1990 and 2006 Tuareg revolts. October 2011 saw an influx of Tuareg fighters and Islamist radicals from Libya following the defeat of the Qaddafi regime. A new unified National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) was formed, and it started an all-out war against the Malian government in January 2012. After a string of military victories, they

MNLA a contest in which they had the advantage of economic and military support from the transnational Islamist network. They imposed harsh Shariah rule on the towns under their control, causing at least 400,000 residents to flee. It was their continued advance south to spread Islamist rule, not to secure independence for the Tuaregs that triggered French military action this past weekend after months of efforts by the African Union had failed to organize a military intervention to deal with the problem. The position of the U.S. government (and the African Union) is still to ignore the Tuareg independence movement and instead call for democracy and reconciliation within a unified Mali. —Courtesy New York Times

In Mali’s Shadow: A Short History of French Military Mishaps in Africa ISHAAN THAROOR

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HE French are not cheese-eating surren der monkeys. That’s an old canard you know, a French word sealed by unfor tunate performances in the World Wars. But, as France’s robust recent intervention into Mali shows, there’s plenty of esprit de corps in Paris, particularly when it comes to Africa. More than any of the other lapsed European empires, the French retained a domineering role in former colonies there, safeguarding their own extensive economic interests in the region with hard power and frequently sending in troops to back one client regime or the other in periods of civil strife and insurgent crisis. The French have intervened in Africa 50 times since 1960. The latest French foray into Mali aimed at unseating alQaeda-linked Islamist militias encamped in the country’s vast north has already summoned the specter of Afghanistan over the Sahel. The French may be able to scatter their foe with a sustained air and ground offensive, but stabilizing Mali is a far greater challenge: the government in Bamako, hobbled by a

March coup, is seen as weak and dysfunctional; the enemy militants may well be able to reorganize and intensify what’s fast turning into a regional conflagration. How this ends is a question both French and Malian citizens desperately want answered. And looking to history offers mixed results: in the 19th cen-

Mamluk overlords at the famous Battle of the Pyramids and briefly set up shop in Cairo. Accompanying Napoleon was an army not just of soldiers, but of scholars and scientists, who set out in arch-imperial fashion to make sense of and catalog all the wonders of this subjugated corner of the Orient. Napoleon’s grip, though, would not last long defeats at the hands

pean settlers streaming in from the other side of the Mediterranean, the territory would be declared an “integral” part of France. But the capture of Algeria would not come without setbacks and great brutality. It was a painstaking process of first wresting control of key port cities like Algiers from the Ottomans and then “pacifying” the hinterlands.

The horrific 1994 genocide of Tutsis by Hutus in Rwanda was a black mark for France, which had intervened in an earlier conflict. France was perceived to have armed and helped train the soldiers of the regime that carried out the slaughter of nearly a million people. When the killings began, French forces did little to halt the massacres, mostly securing their own nationals. tury, the French were oft ruthless and devastating in their conquest of large tracts of Africa, but were at times made to suffer for their hubris. Here are a few episodes the French will prefer to forget. Napoleon’s invasion of Egypt: The diminutive Corsican bungled in Russia, but a precedent was set by his ambitious Egyptian misadventure. In a bid to undermine the British position in India, the French under Napoleon Bonaparte landed in Egypt in 1798, defeated its

of combined British and Ottoman forces, particularly at sea, compelled the French to return home by 1801 with little to show for their efforts. Egypt fell back under Ottoman rule, Britain’s hand in the region was strengthened and the French even lost one of their greatest archaeological discoveries the Rosetta Stone. The Wars for Algeria: The French entered their most extensive imperial project in 1830: the conquest of Algeria. By 1848, with tens of thousands of Euro-

Resistance came most famously in the form of the Sufi mystic and Berber warlord Abd-el-Kader, who harried the French in a sustained guerrilla campaign. In 1835, at Macta, his forces ambushed a detachment of French regular troops and legionnaires and slaughtered hundreds. It would take more than a decade and a harsh scorched earth policy for the French to isolate and capture Abd-el-Kader and pack him off to exile in Syria. But the warrior’s legend

endured, making him one of Algeria’s folkloric national heroes and a figure of inspiration for a later generation of 20th century revolutionaries. Withstanding a brutal counter-insurgency of torture, mass arrests and napalm bombing, the rebel fighters threw the French and over a million European settlers out of Algeria in 1962. Fashoda Incident: This was one of the more illustrative episodes of Europe’s colonial scramble for Africa. With most of Africa’s coastal territories already swallowed by one western empire or the other, European capitals eyed the continent’s interior covetously. Both France and Britain had dreams of transcontinental empires for the British, a north-south dominion from Cape Town to Cairo; for the French, west-to-east supremacy from Dakar, Senegal to Djibouti on the Red Sea. These competing visions crossed paths in 1898 when a British expeditionary force confronted a French one at Fashoda, now in South Sudan. Outgunned and thousands of miles away from bases of support, the French retreated with no resistance. —Courtesy FT


Taliban storm From Page 1 time, General Mohammad Zahir of the Criminal Investigation Department of Kabul police in talks with media at the site confirmed killing two attackers, saying both were probably killed in their blast near the entrance gate of Traffic police headquarters. However, the security forces have yet to control the situation as some of the attackers are still inside the compound and resisting over the past six hours. Nevertheless, Zahir asserted that full details will be released whenever the conflict is over. Taliban outfit, however, claimed responsibility for the blatant attack.—NNI

JUI-F allies with PML-F From Page 1 regarding the electoral alliance. The two leaders agreed that it was the need of the time to provide alternate leadership to the masses of Pakistan. The National People’s Party (NPP), PML(N), Awami Tehrik and other parties of Sindh Bachao Committee (SBC) are already part of the grand alliance. The two leaders said the government of ruling PPP would be regarded as a black era in the history of Pakistan. Another meeting would soon be held to finalize modalities for the formation of a grand electoral alliance under the chairmanship of Pir Pagara.

2 FC soldiers From Page 1 Khyber agency with a view to immediately block those exit points in case of emergency. Likewise people on all exit and entry points are being subjected to strict checking. The official sources said additional contingents have been deployed at the border areas from Khyber agency to Peshawar at Badhber and Matni where 12 more security check posts have been set up. “All these measures are aimed at checking the entry of terrorists and other trouble makers to the provincial capital Peshawar in the disguise of residents”. FC officials told Pakistan Observer. In the meanwhile at least two FC personnel were killed and nine others including peace Lashker volunteers sustained serious injuries in remote controlled bomb blast in Mohmand Agency on Monday morning. Reports from agency headquarters Ghalanai said the militants targeted a vehicle of the security forces in Dawezai area of Mohmand Agency with remote controlled improvised explosive device (IED).

Pak circular debt touches From Page 1 lar debt on the power sector, and to prevent its recurrence. The current level of debt prevents sector entities from obtaining funding to support improvement in management and system operations and from attracting investment needed to support sector expansion and improved services. Sector reform is needed to prevent its recurrence. The report recommended the government to remove the circular debt from the books of energy sector entities (DISCOs, CPPA) and take responsibility for the mismanagement of the power sector reform process. It also asked the government to move the circular debt amount to the government’s debt or place a tax on the consumer to recovery over time. The USAID report stressed to undertake specific policies and programs to improve the governance and performance of energy sector entities to increase cash flow and ensure the financial integrity of the sector. It suggested the government of Pakistan to redefine its role in the power sector from primarily acting as owner/operator, to policy formation and sector oversight. “A comprehensive reform program needs to be instituted to remove the causes of circular debt.” “The GOP needs to support a more competitive market structure and assist NEPRA to be independent and strengthen the professional and technical requirements for members and staff; and develop a comprehensive capacity building and training effort initiated. It also highlighted that tariff and subsidy disputes between the provincial governments and CPPA and the DISCOs, need to be resolved, either by negotiation or arbitration. “Legislation declaring electricity theft a punishable crime with penalties ranging from fines to imprisonment needs to be implemented with specialized courts established for the purpose,” The selection criteria and methodology for appointment of DISCOs’ BODs needs to be improved. Members of the BODs need to have high professional and technical capabilities; be independent of political influence; have full authority for decisionmaking at the DISCO; and receive training to effectively monitor performance and enforce accountability of DISCO management and staff.” The report recommends: “Eliminate the uniform tariff and gradually move toward the regulator’s differential tariffs

COURT NOTICE In the honorable Aqsa Hanif Janjua Civil Judge Chakwal Suit for Mandatory Injection Civil Appeal Title Noor Khan vs Mohammad Ehsan etc Memo Ghulam Shabeer s/o Reesham Khan cast Awan Village Rinsial, Tehsil Kallar Kahar, and District Chakwal Whereas serving of summon to the respondent in the case as titled above is not parable, the respondent is hereby in formed through this ad in this newspapers that the respondent has been announced to appear in this court in person on be represented by a lawyer in this court on 26-012013. In case of non-compliance, ex-party proceeding shall take place. Given under my hand and seal of the Court Sd/- Civil Judge Chakwal

over payment between the DISCOs and provincial governments. It mentions that the federal government also has been lax in passing appropriate legislation to curb electricity thefts, promote energy conservation, increase commercial transparency, strengthen regulatory entities, and promote an open and competitive energy market. The government also appoints the Board of Directors (BOD) of the DISCOs; political and bureaucratic influences continue to limit the BOD’s independence and technical and management competency. At the corporate level, the Boards’ authority and efficacy in monitoring and enforcing the performance of DISCO management is limited or nonexistent. It suggests that the National Electric Power Regulatory Authority’s (NEPRA) role also needs to be revised and its operations improved. The annual determination of tariffs for the DISCOs and subsequent adjustments for fuel cost are lengthy and ineffective, resulting in revenue shortfalls and cash flow problems and obscuring the true cost of electricity to consumers. NEPRA also needs to improve its enforcement powers over the DISCOs with regard to cases of consumer overbilling and requires additional authority to move ahead with implementation. There are several secondary causes to circular debt, including the need to improve the thermal efficiency of the GENCOs and for NEPRA to set tariffs based on actual vs. estimated heat rates; inadequate budgeting of the TDS, which delays payment and increases financing costs; unfavourable generation mix of the GENCOs, due largely to the GOP’s fuel allocation policy that diverts natural gas to other uses; non-commercial/nonprofessional approach to load shedding; improvement in terms and conditions of tariff; impact of court decisions that have delayed payments to the DISCOs; late payment surcharges paid by CPPA to the IPPs resulting from the inability of the DISCOs to fully pay CPPA; the GOP’s neglect in promoting demand-side management, energy efficiency and renewable energy resources; the need to settle payment arrears (both disputed and undisputed) in a comprehensive manner; and the need for expanded authority of CPPA to collect payments from the DISCOs through formal and enforceable power purchase agreements.

NAB officers on strike From Page 1

COURT NOTICE In the honorable Aqsa Hanif Janjua Civil Judge Chakwal Suit for Recovery of Maintenance & Recovery of Dowery Article Civil Appeal Title Fakhra Yasmeen etc vs Shahid Mehmood Memo Shahid Mehmood s/o Muhammad Shareef Village Mohallah Eid Gah Chak Beeli Khan, Tehsil & District Rawalpindi Whereas serving of summon to the respondent in the case as titled above is not parable, the respondent is hereby in formed through this ad in this newspapers that the respondent has been announced to appear in this court in person on be represented by a lawyer in this court on 26-012013. In case of non-compliance, ex-party proceeding shall take place. Given under my hand and seal of the Court Sd/- Civil Judge Chakwal

based on true costs. The regulator (Nepra) also needs to enhance tariffs with targeted performancebased tariff to all DISCOs and remove to current cross subsidy between the efficient and inefficient distribution companies. Improve the fuel allocation policy in the short-term to allocate fuel to the highest value uses (e.g., assign a high priority to power sector in the allocation of natural gas), and in the long term eliminate fuel allocation so that fuel use is based on competitive market forces”. The USAID report emphasized to formulate policies and plans to promote hydro power and other domestic sources of energy that will assist in balancing the electricity supply portfolio. It used the government to implement a strong program of energy conservation and demand side management. The report pinpoints that the primary causes of circular debt include poor governance; delays in tariff determination by an inadequately empowered regulator compounded by interference and delay in notification by the Government of Pakistan (GOP); a fuel price methodology that delays infusion of cash to the power sector; poor revenue collection by the DISCOs; delayed and incomplete payment by the Ministry of Finance on Tariff Differential Subsidy (TDS) and Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC) contract payments; prolonged stays on fuel price adjustments granted by the courts; plus transmission & distribution (T&D) loss improvements that cannot be achieved based on the regulator’s targets in the tariff. The federal government retains the authority for approving customer tariffs, but is influenced by a legacy system that supported a single postage stamp rate for all consumers and a single generation cost for all power producers. The GOP has not allowed the regulator to set the tariff by DISCO territory, which often overshadows commercial decision-making. This results in conditions that contribute to circular debt, including a reluctance to pass on the full cost of electricity to customers; uniform tariffs do not take into consideration the actual cost of service. Establishment of a TDS that is often not paid on time or in full and is allocated primarily on the basis of “just-in-time” response to the power sector, overstaffing and compromised decision making at the DISCOs, and the subsidies provided to tubewell customers often result in lengthy disputes

to them and compensation worth Rs 20 million be paid to the family of Kamran Faisal. Meanwhile NAB Chairman Fasih Bokhari has agreed that an investigator from the bureau will be part of the team investigating the death of Kamran Faisal. According to a NAB statement, officers from the Rawalpindi Branch of the bureau met Bokhari and informed him about their reservations regarding the investigation. Kamran Faisal’s body was found hanging from the ceiling fan of a room of his residence in the Federal Lodges on January 18. NAB officers observed pen down strike to stress fair enquiry on Monday to voice pro-

Asfandyar calls for joint From Back Page adding no country could make progress until lasting peace was established there. We are ready to hold talks with even militants for the elimination of terrorism from the country but the nation has got to be united to achieve this target”. He maintained adding this gesture of ANP leadership, however, should not be construed as our weakness. ANP) president said that was the reason his party has decided to convene All Parties Conference (APC) on terrorism as it is a national problem which needed to be addressed collectively by the political parties. He said the ANP would not budge an inch from its stance of protecting the country from the menace of terrorism and pledged his party-men would continue to fight against terrorism till the last drop of their blood. He, however, said ANP never leave the path of non-violence taught to us by the Khudai Khidmatgaar Bacha Khan. Referring to the Karachi problem, Asfandyar Wali Khan opined that all the parties were unanimous on one point that people from all over the country live in Karachi for their economic enhancement hence the issue did not belong to a particular political force.

test against the mysterious death of Kamran Faisal, an investigation officer into Rental Power case and demanded transparent inquiry into the incident. The officers voiced protest and observed strike wearing black bands around their arms in NAB offices at Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi and Peshawar Monday. They demanded that atmosphere of pressure prevailing in NAB be brought to end and safety of officers be ensured. Arbitrary powers being exercised by contract officers of NAB be eliminated to ensure impartial investigations into the cases, they added. The protest continue for next two days. The officers displayed faith in the command of

the Chairman and assured him of their support. Chairman gave approval to include an investigator of NAB as member of the team inquiring into the case of Kamran Faisal. The mysterious death of Kamran Faisal, NAB investigation officer in rental power case has triggered panic among the FIA officers and most of the officers have applied for long leave. As per private TV channel, FIA officers are considering Kamran Faisal tragedy as warning for them and death of Kamran Faisal has gripped them in wave of terror and shock, therefore, they have been forced to seek leave to come out of psychological pressure.

Moody keeps Pak From Page 1 political tensions, with parliamentary elections due between March and May. This event is credit negative for Pakistan (Caa1) because it distracts from the formulation of economic policy and deters investors. “This is another instance where the three-way battle between the executive, judiciary and military arms of government undermines Pakistan’s ability to formulate policies to address the country’s pressing domestic economic challenges, bolster investor confidence and attract external financial support from official creditors and donors. Under such conditions, the possibility of gaining a timely renewal in financial support from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) appears dim”, Moody’s said. The 15 January judicial order, coupled with recent anticorruption protests by Doctor Tahirul Qadri and tensions on the India-Pakistan border, all pose immediate threats to Pakistan’s political stability. An arrest of Mr. Ashraf could well delay the smooth appointment of a neutral caretaker government to oversee the upcoming election. “The factious political situ-

ation adds further strain to the external situation as well. Investors’ growing concerns have been evident in losses in both the currency and capital markets. Five-year credit default swap spreads have widened to 828 basis points, following a spike to 935 earlier this month, from 783 at the start of this year” said Moody’s. The Moody’s said that the outlook for external financing is another trouble spot. With debt repayment obligations to the tune of $3 billion coming due at the end of June, and foreign reserves having already fallen to $8.8 billion in January from $12.5 billion last year, Pakistan’s external situation is already strained.23 Pakistan would benefit from a renewed agreement with the IMF, particularly given that a Stand-By Loan Arrangement agreed upon in November 2008 went off track before it was fully disbursed and ultimately expired in September 2011. Following a recent IMF visit, there may have been a possibility of Pakistan inking a new agreement upon completion of the electoral process. Now, any delays on this front would only add to external pressures, it said.—INP

Obama issues From Page 1 address steeped in poetic power and broad hints of his new agenda. The 44th president repeatedly used the “We the People” preamble to the US Constitution to suggest how to reconcile America’s founding truths and the current discord and dysfunction of its embittered political system.—Agencies

ECP bans recruitment From Page 1 eral and Provincial Public Service Commissions. The ECP also said that development funds for a project could not be diverted to any other project and if any such fund is diverted it would be considered frozen. It is also worth mentioning here that the election commission has already imposed ban on the participation of president, prime minister, chief ministers, federal and provincial ministers and public office holders to take part in the election campaigns of the candidates. —SANA

Missing prisoners SC gives govt one day From Page 1

SC rejects plea to stop hearing From Page 1 rules and regulations were followed while awarding rental power projects. Khawaja Tariq Rahim, the counsel for the ministry of water and power – informed the court that the government has abandoned rental power projects. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf on Monday withdrew his review petition in the Rental Power Projects (RPPs) case. A three-member bench of the apex court, headed by Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, heard the petitions filed by power companies and the federal government. The petitions have sought review of the court’s verdict of March 30, 2012 which had held the RPP contracts non-transparent and had ordered that they be rescinded. During the hearing, the prime minister’s counsel, Wasim Sajjad, informed the bench that his client wished to withdraw his petition. The bench accepted the request and the petition now stands withdrawn. Also during the hearing, four counsels representing different parties had requested the apex court to adjourn the hear-

Nisar opposes amendment in defence doctrine From Page 1

Hearing of Gun, Country

Speaking in the National Assembly on Monday he said that he wanted the House to pass a unanimous resolution sending loud and clear message to India. He pointed out that India has launched an intensive propaganda campaign following incidents at the Line of Control but government of Pakistan has adopted apologetic attitude. Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan lauded the efforts of the Pakistan Army in defending the borders. He said that the whole nation is behind our Army for protecting every nook and corner of the country. He also said that the head of our soldier that was beheaded at the border must be returned. He further said that the government should take notice of the incident and the honour of the country should be safe guarded. Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan demanded of the Pakistan Army to present its new ideology for tackling the internal and external threats. He was also of the view that President Zardari did not have the authority to constitute a committee relating to the new provinces. Nisar Ali Khan said that PML-N was supportive of the demand for creation of Bahawalpur and South Punjab provinces as envisaged in unanimously passed resolutions on the subject by the provincial assembly. —SANA

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JI in touch with

Baig took up the case for hearing Monday. Earlier a 3-member bench of SC led by the Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry was to pronounce decision of the case on Monday but the CJP had distanced himself from the case being member of this club. Giving brief ruling he had said that he did not want to hear this case being member of the club therefore, he was going to distance himself from the case and a bench comprising Justice Gulzar Ahmad and Justice Sheikh Azmat Baig will re-hear the case. Munir Paracha appeared on behalf of CDA and Raja Irshad represented Club in the court during the course of hearing . CDA counsel prayed the court to adjourn the hearing of the case. The court also directed all the concerned officers of CDA and country club to ensure their presence before it on the next date of hearing so that their stance could be heard.—Online

From Back Page including seat adjustments with other political forces. Agenda of JI is close to PTI and election alliance with it is possible, he replied to a question. Sounding pessimism, he said he is not much hopeful to see any big change after the elections. Munawar Hassan was of the view that undue importance was given to Dr. Tahir- ul- Qadri. “ It is a general impression some foreign forces are behind his agenda.” Opposing the policy to boycott elections, he said in the past no political party could gain after following this policy. By this way, gaps are filled by other parties, he said. Criticising the US for use of force in Afghanistan and other countries, he said after facing tough time in those countries, the US is trying to destabilise Pakistan to control Pakistan’s atomic assets.

ing until a decision was reached on the RPPs implementation case. Pervez Hasan, counsel for the Pakistan Power Resources (PPR), requested the court to hear the review petition after it had concluded hearing the RPP implementation case. Responding to which, Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry said action still had to be taken on the corruption pertaining to the rental power projects. Hasan told the bench

that the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) had applied pressure on the companies and had managed to recover the funds. The chief justice said the review case may remain adjourned, adding that the court would continue hearing the RPPs implementation case. Four counsels, representing the parties, had requested the bench to adjourn the review hearing. The hearing was later adjourned to February 18.—INP


Kashmiris along LoC girdle up for more clashes C HAKOTHI —Villagers in near the makeshift border splitting (yards) from the line. Some vil- let local residents cross the line to Tensions, however, rose on Jan. 6 from both capitals also intensified. kers in their villages to protect Kashmir are building bunkers as they brace for more clashes along the fragile line of control that divides Pakistan and India after the recent killings of soldiers on both sides in one of the worst flare-ups in violence in the disputed Himalayan region in a decade. In the past two weeks, three Pakistani and two Indian troops have died in clashes on the heavily-militarized border, drawing harsh words from both Islamabad and New Delhi. Caught in the middle are villagers who have lived for years

the region. There has been lowlevel shooting and shelling across the 750-kilometer (460-mile) line since a cease-fire was signed in 2003. Civilians and livestock have died in the skirmishes, but now soldiers are being killed and many people in this village of 5,000 worry that simmering tension could boil over. “We are perplexed and scared about recent incidents of shooting on the line of control,” said Muhammed Shabbir, a shopkeeper in Chakothi who is building a bunker near his house in the village, surrounded by snowcapped peaks, just 500 meters

lagers built bunkers a decade ago during heavy violence in the area, but many were destroyed during a 7.6 magnitude earthquake in 2005. Worried about the recent clashes, some villagers are trying to rebuild the shelters. “We are not certain about our future after these shootings,” said Shabbir, whose wife was killed in shelling in May 2003, about six months before the cease-fire took effect. He added that many residents who used to freely graze their livestock near the line of control are now avoiding the area. Since 2005, both countries have

visit relatives. But Shabbir said that last Monday — the travel day for local residents — none of the villagers from the Pakistani side went to the Indian-held side because they were worried about escalating tensions. Both countries claim the Muslim-dominated Kashmir region in its entirety, and two of the three major wars the two nuclear-armed nations have fought have been over the mountainous Himalayan region. Multilayered barbed wire fences separate the two sides, and Indian and Pakistani troops man guard towers, eyeing each other’s territory.

Staff Reporter ISLAMABAD —Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA) has sent a summary for the revision of prices of petroleum products to the ministry of petroleum & natural resources (MP&NR). Sources said that new POL prices would be effective from January 22. The price of petrol likely to go up by Rs1.03 and that of diesel to be reduced by Rs0.75 per litre, sources further said. Besides kerosene oil price will increase by Rs00.65, while light is diesel price will remain unchanged, according to OGRA proposals.

LIAQAT TOOR ISLAMABAD—Holding free and fair elections is the only way forward to steer the country out of present mess and Jamaat-e-Islami will vehemently oppose any attempt to derail democracy and postponement of elections. In an interaction with editors and senior journalists here on Monday afternoon, Syed Munawar Hassan, Amir of Jamaat-e-Islami while explaining his party’s policy on the current political developments said his party in touch with all political parties for possible election alliance. No single party is in a position to form government without the support of other political forces, he said. Advocating strongly to implementing all clauses of the Constitution including 62 and 63 to field spotless candidates,

Ex-Ogra chief Tauqir’s passports cancelled ISLAMABAD—The interior ministry on Monday cancelled two passports possessed by former chairman of OGRA Tauqir Sadiq. According to sources, JAKARTA: A family crossing flood water with the help of self-made boat. the interior ministry has cancelled Sadiq’s two passports on the request of National Accountability Bureau (NAB). It was also learnt that a team of NAB officials is currently in Abu Dhabi to take him into custody and bring back to Pakistan, and currently legal procedures are underway to achieve the purpose.—INP “We have shown our commit- past. The foreign minister inSTAFF REPORTER ment not to escalate any situation formed the National Assembly 5 more children ISLAMABAD—Foreign Minister like this between India and Paki- session that the option to conduct Hina Rabbani Khar said Monday stan. We are committed to an investigation into LoC violadie of measles that Pakistan wanted to continue normalising relations.” Khar tions by a third party had already M OHMAND A GENCY —At the peace process with India. added that Pakistan could not been presented.Khar further least 10 children have died in Speaking on the floor of the Na- adopt the irresponsible behaviour said that one Pakistani soldier Balochistan while measles tional Assembly, the foreign min- shown by the Indian Army Chief was martyred during Indian claimed five lives in Mohmand ister added that instead of in- and other representatives regard- violation along the LoC on Agency. The death toll has creasing tension, options to stop ing the LoC violations. Accord- January 6 and the Indian High mounted to 459 across the coun- violations along the Line of Con- ing to Khar no benefit had come Commissioner had been sumtry while 429 children died in trol (LoC) were being explored. from hurling accusations in the moned to lodge a protest. Sindh only. According to reports gathered from different parts of Sindh, two children died in Kandhkot during the last 24 hours, rising the overall toll of the district to 157. Among the mostaffected cities, 84 in Sukkur, 55 in Shikarpur, 50 in Khairpur, 33 in Ghotki, 14 in Thul, 8 in Larkana while four children died of measles in Hyderabad. In ture generation and it is a high time Wali said his party has rendered Punjab, 15 children have died of TARIQ SAEED that we should sit together to find unprecedented sacrifices in the measles since the outbreak gripped the province. Four chil- PESHAWAR—Veteran politician a lasting solution to this chronic history of the country in fighting dren died in Dera Ghazi Khan and president Awami National issue, eating the very fiber of our the terrorism in the country adding his party was ready for talks while measles claimed seven Party (ANP) Asfandyar Wali society, before it is too late. In fact elimination of terror- with the Taliban militants which lives in Rajanpur, Ahmedpur, Khan on Monday called upon all Sharqia, Liaqatpur, Taxila, Hujra the political forces of the country ism and extremism is not the prob- is now on the priority list of his Shah Muqeem. Meanwhile, 10 to sit together and find out a per- lem of ANP alone as it has caused party adding they believed in diachildren have died in Balochistan manent solution to the menace of huge damages to the entire coun- logues and would not mind holdwhile measles claimed five lives terrorism adding ANP was even try”. Observed ANP chief while ings parleys with anybody to enin Mohmand Agency.—Online willing to initiate dialogues with addressing the huge gathering to sure peace on our homeland. the Taliban to achieve this goal. mark the 25th death anniversary The ANP Chief stressed that “We have got to ensure a of Bacha Khan and 7th death an- peace was vital for the progress, peaceful and conducive environ- niversary of Abdul Wali Khan 2 soldiers ment for our children and the fu- here at the Nishtar hall. Asfandyar Continued on Page 7 martyred

Pak wants continuation of peace process with India: Hina Exploring options to stop LoC violations

Asfandyar calls for joint strategy against terrorism Hoti lauds struggle of Bacha Khan, Wali, for peace

Olson reaffirms US commitment to Pak security ISLAMABAD—Ambassador Richard Olson reaffirmed the importance of a strong U.S.-Pakistan security relationship during an exchange of ideas with Chief of Air Staff , Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt here on Monday. Both sides affirmed their mutual commitment to a strong defence relationship which they agreed should focus on achieving common objectives. Ambassador Olson and the Air Chief Marshal reviewed the Pakistani F-16 program and visited the home of Pakistan’s F-16s at PAF Base Shahbaz. “This visit, and the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) F-16 program itself, represent concrete examples of U.S.-Pakistan cooperation to support our shared security goals and to promote peace and stability in the region,” said Ambassador Olson. Chief of Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt welcomed Ambassador Olson and said, “Ambassador Olson’s visit is important because it focuses on achieving common objectives and it shows the U.S. and Pakistan working together to strengthen cooperation to support each country’s security interests.” The PAF has been flying F16s since the early 1980s. In 2008, the PAF bought the advanced Block 52 model using their national funds, which provides allweather day/night precision targeting capability. —INP

in mine blast army jawans were martyred and nine others were injured on Monday when their vehicle hit a landmine in Mohmand Agency. According to official sources, a vehicle of the security forces hit a landmine in Dwezai area of the Mohmand Agency in the restive tribal region. Two jawans were martyred while nine were injured.—INP

3 of family killed in mishap Our Correspondent MURREE— Three members of a family were killed when their car, they were travelling in, fell into a ravine near here on Monday night. The car was going from Kohala to Khankhala and when it reached near Dhakhani it fell in a ravine killing three members of the family including Gul Khatab, who was driving the car; his son Umar Khatab and his mother-in-law, wife of Taj. A child was injured.

Pakistan’s foreign minister accused India of “warmongering” while India’s army chief urged his troops to be “aggressive and offensive” when dealing with gunfire from Pakistan. In the latest verbal barrage, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said Sunday that India was reviewing its future ties with Pakistan in light of the “inhuman killing” of its soldiers. About 30 people from at least seven villages in Indian-held Kashmir met last Monday with government officials in the town of Uri, demanding that the government build bun-

them from shelling. Almost everyone there remembers what it was like before the 2003 ceasefire. “I was born and raised amid firing and shelling,” said 28-yearold Nadeem Abbassi, speaking by telephone from his village of Gwalta. “We don’t want to live like before. Honestly, we don’t have any energy left in us to face such a situation again.” Many people expressed frustration that the deaths of the Indian soldiers had sparked a loud response while there had been little public outcry when civilians have died on both sides.—AP

JI in touch with all political parties for possible alliance: Munawar

Petrol goes costly by Rs1.03

G HALLANAI —Two

when Pakistan accused Indian forces of crossing the line and killing a Pakistani soldier and wounding another in a raid. India denied raiding the post. It said its troops fired across the border in response to Pakistani shelling that destroyed a home on the Indian side.Two days later, India claimed Pakistani troops had crossed into Indian territory and killed two of its soldiers, beheading one. Pakistan denied the allegations. Then, on Jan. 10, Pakistan claimed Indian troops fired across the border, killing another Pakistani soldier. Political rhetoric

he said political parties have also responsibility to issue tickets to upright persons. He agreed to a proposal to introduce system of proportionate representative as black mailing of ‘electables’ will come to an

end by this way. After the announcement of election dates, he said JI will move forward on forming alliances

Continued on Page 7

Saeed urges world to declare India terrorist country MUZAFFAR ALI L AHORE —Jamaat ud Dawa Chief Hafiz Saeed on Monday sought to exploit Indian Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde’s allegation against RSS and BJP saying Indian “propaganda” against Pakistani organizations of spreading terror now stood “exposed” and he asked the government to take steps to get India declared “a terrorist state” by the UN Security Council. A day after Shinde accused BJP and RSS of running terror camps and indulging in Hindu terror, Hafiz Saeed said that Indian organizations were “involved in all kinds of terrorism in Pakistan”. Addressing a press conference held here, Hafiz Saeed said India always resorted to propa-

ganda against Pakistani organizations but it now stood “exposed”. He threatened to hold a protest along the members of those families burnt alive on Samjhuta Express and would register an FIR against the alleged masterminds involved in this heinous tragedy. He said it was proved that an Indian colonel was architecture of this plan and the government of Pakistan should take steps to declare Indian government a sponsor of terrorism in sub-continent. “The ugly face of Indian secularism exposed before the world and it was the habit of the Indian government to put allegation against Pakistan for spreading terrorism but in fact it was India who always encouraged terrorism,” adding he said Indian propaganda was also exposed to the

world against Jammat ud Dawa for committing crime against Indian soldiers on the Line of Control. He said now it is the responsibility of peace-loving countries to impose sanctions against the India and declare RSS and BJP terrorists after Shinde’s statement. Hafiz Saeed carry out said America strike drone attacks in India against the terrorists’ organizations on the same ground it allegedly attacked Afghanistan and other countries. He alleged that NATO forces were involved in killing spree against Muslims and these infidel forces were waging wars against Islam. He claimed: “India tried to involve us in the Mumbai attacks but after a passage of five years, nothing has been established against us in the courts”.

Hearing of Gun and Balochistan Assembly session Country Club case held despite quorum lack adjourned to Jan 23 prorogued an assembly session STAFF REPORTER

ISLAMABAD—Supreme Court Q UETTA —A session of the on Jan 17 after only one sitting that saw harsh criticism of (SC) has adjourned hearing of Balochistan Assembly was held on Monday, led by Speaker Matiullah Agha despite a lack of quorum. Only 14 members were present in the Assembly against 17 as required by the rules to the quorum. Continued on Page 7 maintain Balochistan’s Governor Nawab Zulfiqar Ali Magsi had

Gun and Country Club suo motu notice case till January, 23 besides summoning all the record of club land. A two members bench of SC comprising Justice Gulzar Ahmad and Justice Sheikh Azmat

governor’s rule. A requisition was made on Jan 19 by a bloc comprising members from parties, which have dismissed the proclamation of governor’s rule as an attempt by the establishment to impose its writ on the province after removing what it saw as a “recalcitrant government” of Chief Minister Aslam Raisani.

Indian girl drugged, gangraped, filmed, thrown out of moving car Azad gets death penalty BHATINDA—Another incident Chandigarh, when a man ap- India’s Supreme Court Monday even if the Supreme Court orders said Delhi-based lawyer Samar of gangrape came to light in north India when a 24-year-old girl was thrown out of a moving car after being forced upon for two days in Punjab. Two man and two women kidnapped the victim, who had gone to Chandigarh for a job interview, on Friday (January 18) on the pretext of asking directions, after which she was drugged and raped at a deserted location.The accused then drugged the woman, who hails from Moga district, again and threw her out of a moving car near Bathinda on Sunday (January 20), where she was found and taken to a local hospital. The traumatized victim recounted the horror she had faced, alleging that two women had helped the rapists. “I had just got off at the bus stand in Sector-43,

proached me asking for help with an address. As I started telling him, two women dragged me into their car and gave me an injection after which I lost consciousness. I do not know where they took me, but the next day I was raped and they made a video of it,” she said. Bathinda’s Superintendent of Police, Dharamveer Singh, said that the victim’s statement had been recorded and a probe has been initiated. “A man named Rohitash found her on the roadside near Bathinda. She said that she had gone for an interview on January 18, and had been kidnapped and kept in captivity for two days, after which she had been thrown from a car. She has been admitted to the hospital and her statement has been recorded. She has alleged rape and the doctors are examining her,” Singh said.

accepted a plea from one of the six accused in the horrific Delhi gangrape case to move the trial to a location outside the national capital. A bench headed by Chief Justice Altamas Kabir agreed to hear the petition Tuesday after the defense counsel for the accused Mukesh Singh pleaded with the apex court for an urgent hearing on the ground that free and fair hearing would not be possible in the special court recently set up in the Indian capital due to strong public sentiments against him. “The sentiment has gone into the root of each home in Delhi by which even the judicial officers and the state are not spared and in these circumstances, he cannot get justice in Delhi at all,” the accused said in his petition filed by his defense counsel M.L. Sharma. Legal experts and police say

shifting of the trial venue, as such it would not be of any benefit to the five of the six accused who have been slapped with rape and murder charges which carry a maximum punishment of death penalty. The sixth accused is likely to be tried in a juvenile court if proved to be a minor, below 18 years of age. “The defense counsel is first trying to diffuse the public sentiments by seeking a change of venue of the trial. Next he could try to prove that his client was not present on the bus on which the 23-yearold medical student was gangraped by the six accused on December 16. He will try to use the loopholes in the legal system to help his client. Ultimately it may not help,”

Verma.However, the experts say though the case has been assigned to the fast track court where the proceedings would be held on a day- to-day basis, the case may not be fully open and shut as shoddy forensic practice is one of the main reasons for a relatively low conviction rate in rape trials. This, they said, despite the Delhi Police gathering DNA samples from bloodstains on clothes of all five accused, curtains and seats on the bus and linking them with the victim who died earlier this year at a hospital in Singapore, after being shifted from a government hospital in the Indian capital. The experts say the government prosecutor will have to fight hard for fast conviction in this case. “The forensic practices in this country are very shoddy. —NNI

for BD war crimes

DHAKA—Bangladesh’s contro- now heave a sigh of relief since versial war crimes court Monday sentenced a top Islamic televangelist to death by hanging for alleged genocide and other atrocities during the country’s 1971 liberation struggle against Pakistan. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, who has been on the run for about a year, is the first person to be convicted by the International Crimes Tribunal (ICT) created by the country’s government to try suspected war criminals. Azad was found guilty of seven out of eight charges including genocide, murder and rape, judge Obaidul Hasan told a crowded court amid huge security. “It’s a historic day for the country. It’s victory for humanity. Bangladeshi people can

1971,” attorney general Mahbubey Alam told reporters outside court. The ICT, which is a domestic tribunal with no international oversight, has been tainted by allegations of political influence after the entire leadership of an opposition Islamic party was put on trial. New York-based Human Rights Watch has complained about flaws in the process including the disappearance of a defense witness outside the courthouse gates. Other top leaders of Jamaat-eIslami also face prosecution. Jamaat-e-Islami, a partner in opposition leader Khaleda former government, says the charges are politically motivated. Authorities deny the claim. —INP


Smoke-free laws linked to drop in child asthma attacks

I

NTRODUCING laws banning smoking in enclosed public places can lead to swift and dramatic falls in the number of children admitted to hospital suffering asthma attacks, according to a study in England published on Monday. Researchers at Imperial College London found there was a 12.3 percent fall in hospital admissions for childhood asthma in the first year after laws against smoking in enclosed public places and workplaces came into effect in July 2007. Similar anti-smoking legislation has been introduced in many other countries, including in the United States where it has also been linked to a reduction in childhood asthma emergencies. “The findings are good news ... and they should encourage countries where public smoking is permitted to consider introducing similar legislation,” said Christopher Millett from Imperial’s school of public health, who led the study. Asthma affects more than 300 million people worldwide and is the world’s most common children’s chronic illness. Symptoms include wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing and chest tightness. In Britain, it affects one in every 11 children. Before the ban on smoking in enclosed public spaces was implemented in England, hospital admissions for children

suffering a severe asthma attacks were increasing by 2.2 percent a year, peaking at 26,969 in 2006/2007, the researchers found. That trend reversed immediately after the law came into effect, with lower admission rates among boys and girls of all ages. There were similar reductions among children in wealthy and poor neighborhoods, both in cities and in rural areas. The effect was equivalent to 6,802 fewer hospital admissions in the first three years after the law came into effect, the team wrote in a study in the journal Pediatrics. “There is already evidence that eliminating smoking from public places has resulted in substantial population health benefits ... and this study shows that those benefits extend to ... childhood asthma,” Millett said in a statement. A study published in 2009 also found the ban on smoking in public places in England led to a swift and significant drop in the number of heart attacks, saving the national health service 8.4 million pounds ($13.3 million) in the first year. “Previous studies have also suggested that the smoke-free law changed people’s attitudes about exposing others to second-hand smoke and led more people to abstain from smoking voluntarily at home and in cars,” Millett said.

ISLAMABAD: A view of Aiwan-i-Quaid in F-9 Park to share festivity organized by Nazriya-i-Pakistan Council, to celebrate sacred occasion of Eidi-Milad un Nabi (PBUH).

RBISE Inter supplementary result today RAWALPINDI—The Rawalpindi Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education RBISE would announce Supplementary Examination result of Intermediate 2012 today (Tuesday). According to spokesperson of Rawalpindi Board, Arsalan Cheema RBISE has prepared all results of intermediate supplementary Examination and would declare result today at 10 am. He also claimed that the result can also be obtained on CDs.—Online

CDA starts plantation drive STAFF REPORTER

ISLAMABAD: US Ambassador Richard Olson called on Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt, Chief of the Air Staff, Pakistan Air Force at Air Headquarters.

Dual national MPs names sent to SC ISLAMABAD—Former Member of National Assembly Begum Shehnaz Sheikh submitted a list of dual national lawmakers in an open letter written to the Supreme Court’s Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry alleging that all dual nationality cases were not equally dealt with. Belonging to PMQ-Q Sheikh’s membership was suspended by the Supreme Court in October 2012 for holding Australian nationality while being a Pakistani national and a Member of the National Assembly. In her letter, Sheikh requested the court to put the procedure - aimed at reimbursing benefits enjoyed by dual national MNAs - on hold until the case’s final verdict is out. The letter listed the names of 20 ‘dual national’ lawmakers adding that a few of those continued to remain at their posts. The list included names of

Asim Hussain, Raza Haroon, Shahbeen Rizvi, Tayib Hussain, Fauzia Ejaz and Jameel Ashraf. The former PML-Q lawmaker alleged that she was not justly dealt with despite her resignation. Shehnaz Sheikh pointed all dual national lawmakers were not equally treated adding that all dual nationality holding lawmakers were not asked to return monetary benefits drawn by then during the period they occupied at the public office and other emoluments from the

public exchequer, including monthly remunerations, TA/ DA and facilities of accommodation, along with other perks. The suspended lawmaker requested the court to stop all proceeding of reimbursement of monetary benefits granted to suspended lawmakers until a decision was reached on review appeal file against against the supreme court’s judgment of disqualifying 11 members of Parliament and provincial assemblies for holding dual nationality.—Online

I S L A M A B A D —The Capital Development Authority (CDA) has commenced plantation drive during which saplings would be planted in green belts, and recreational places of the federal capital. Over 2000 workers of the Environment Directorate of CDA have been taking part in the plantation drive. Director Environment CDA, Khalid Malik said that to give Islamabad, a green look, sapling of flowers would be planted in the parks, recreational places and green belts, and added, “We will plant saplings in different parts of the city with a view to protecting green image of Islamabad”. “We are striving hard to make Islamabad green and beautiful. After the plantation of sapling, in few days there will flowers everywhere on green belts and parks,” he added.

Laboratory for restoration of damaged art works STAFF REPORTER Art Gallery of Pakistan National Council of the Arts (PNCA) has established a fully furnished laboratory for restoration of damaged paintings and art works. According to an official at PNCA, the project got allocation of Rs 6.402 million for in annual budget 2012-13, therefore the council planned to established a laboratory to restore that works which was damaged due to extreme weather condition, transportation, natural disaster or mishandling. The National Art Gallery

has got an extremely valuable treasure of masterpieces of artwork collected over a period of time. These are regularly displayed for public viewing and require time to time maintenance. The team of experts was working on these projects from last 2 years and the amount of grant gave the encouragement to continue their work for maintaining the visual arts record. “It is a nationwide project that will engage all the artists for documenting and preserving their art for future generations while all art collections will get favorable conditions,” he said.

Pakistan Post to provide motorcycles to its employees

Residents annoyed over derelict condition of graveyards

I SLAMABAD —The National

STAFF REPORTER

STAFF REPORTER

R AWALPINDI —Graveyards I SLAMABAD —Pakistan Post in Rawalpindi are in shambles will provide motorcycles to its postmen to ensure timely delivery of mails and important parcels. In this regard a Memorandum of Understating (MoU) has signed between Pakistan Post and Bank of Khyber (BK). Through the scheme, the employees of the Post have an option to choose each and any brand of motorcycle available in market as per their choice. Director General, Pakistan Post, Syed Ghulam Panjtan Rizvi said that the organization has earlier provided motorcycles to its staff officials to ensure provision of quality services and it will provide more motorcycles to its postmen”, he said.

due to indifference of the concerned authorities and encroachments by the land mafia who constructed shops, workshops and houses in graveyards’ land. Residents of different areas said that now they could not find place to burry dead bodies of their loved ones and have to use some influential person’s reference to get pace in graveyards. They said that the city administration had announced to hold a survey of the graveyards to determine their boundaries so that encroachments could be ended but no survey has been conducted yet. The residents said that Auqaf Department and district administration were not

The grant allocated for this project would ultimately benefit the promotion of culture in the country and encourage the people related to this field, he added. In this regard, the National Art Gallery has been frequently organizing workshops to train stakeholders from all over Pakistan to train young aspirants and others interested in from national and local experts. In the past experts from Italy, Japan, France and Germany were also invited to conduct workshops in paintings on canvas, paper, board, sculpture.

paying heed to the maintenance of the graveyard, resulting in increase in the incidents of insolence of the graves. Graveyards in Committee Chowk, Dhok Khabba, Pir Wadhai and Jadeed graveyard, among others are in very derelict condition. Meanwhile, the residents lauded the allocation of Rs1 billion for the maintenance of graveyards in the province by Chief Minister (CM) of Punjab Mian Shahbaz Sharif and demanded of the CM to make the district administration responsible for the supervision of the project instead of divisional administration. They further demanded that survey of graveyards in Rawalpindi be conducted as soon as possible and graveyard lands should be vacated from land mafia.

First Lady launches ‘Bait-ullah Par Dastak’ SANA JAMAL ISLAMABAD—The first lady of Pakistan Nusrat Pervez Ashraf called the newly published book “Bait-ullah Par Dastak” as a spiritual experience. Praising the efforts of the author, Ms. Shahida Latif, the first lady cherished the author’s contribution in promoting image of Pakistan in the world. Speaking at the launching ceremony of the book here on Monday, she also urged unity among Pakistanis in the wake of terrorism threat to the nation. Known literary figure Iftikhar Arif, presided over the book launching ceremony that was attended by renowned scholars, poets, journalists and writers including prominent poets Naseem Sehar, Bashir Aseer Zaidi, and Farkhanda

Shamim. The introduction of the book was organized by Aaina, a literary and cultural organization, headed by Malik Fida ur Rehman who also appreciated the efforts of author. Expressing their views about the book, most speakers collectively considered it as a spiritual phenomenon inspired by firm faith and closeness to the House of God. Basheer Zaidi felt that the book is an inspiration towards the religion and faith. Iftikhar Arif termed the book as a grand contribution to Urdu travelogues. Shahida Latif in her latest book “Bait-ullah Per Dastak” shares her strong devotion and emotional attachment towards God and ISLAMABAD: First Lady Begum Nusrat Pervez, Iftikhar Arif, Shahida Latif and oth- the Holy Places. The book is ers at the launching ceremony of a book “Baitullah Par Dastak” by Shahida Latif at a a poetic travelogue of her local hotel.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir experiences in the Holy Land

(House of God) during Pilgrimage to Makkah. The author’s latest travelogue is a precious addition to her previous works (two travelogues): “Burf ki Shahzadi” and “Uf Yeh Bartania”. Ms. Latif has so far penned four poetry books “Moejza”, “Mein Pakistani hun”, “Marka-e-Kashmir” and “Mohabbat Ho Na Jaye” as well as current affairs books “Pakistan Mein Fauj Ka Kirdar,” “America, Islam aur Almi Amn” that have received great appreciation. Her novel “Saat Qadeem Ishq” and research translation “Dunya Kay Satter Ajubay” are also considered great contribution to Urdu literature. Short stories and one act Plays, written by Shahida Latif, have also included in text books to deepen the understanding of students of literature.

Aiwan-i-Quaid decorated STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —A large number of people from all walks of life and age groups is visiting the artistically decorated building of Aiwan-iQuaid, in the F-9 Park to share the festivity arranged by the Nazriya-i-Pakistan Council to celebrate the sacred occasion of Eid-i-Milad un Nabi (PBUH). The illuminations would continue to display every night till 13th Rabi ul Awal. Apart from decorating the Aiwan-i-Quaid, the NPC is holding a special seminar on “Khutba-i-Hajjatul Wida - Manshoor-e-Insaniat” on 11th Rabi ul Awal, 24th January, 2013 (Thursday) at 3pm wherein renowned religious scholars Dr. S. M. Zaman, Khanam Tayyaba Bukhari, Dr. Zia ul Haq, Dr. Muhammad Ayub Sabir and Dr. Tuffail Muhammad will speak. Zahid Malik, Chairman NPC will preside over the function. Prominent poets of twin cities will participate in the Natia Mushaira on 16 Rabi ul Awal (29 January, 2013) at 3:30 pm at the Aiwan-i-Quaid.

Signboards on Rawalpindi Cantt squares impede smooth traffic flow R AWALPINDI —Signboards installed on different squares of Rawalpindi Cantt are creating hurdles in the smooth flow of traffic, as they hide traffic signals at many points. A private company taking permission from the Cantt Board authorities few months ago installed sign boards around traffic signal poles in many squares, not only covering view of the signals from the motorists but also causing traffic hazardous. A survey conducted on the complaints of the residents revealed that a huge advertisement board has been installed on the merger of the Bank Road and Kashmir in Saddar, called Bank sqaure, which almost hide the signal and was creating hindrances in the smooth flow of traffic towards Ghakkhar Plaza and other commercial centers. Residents of the area and traders complained that the situation at the Bank square has caused many accidents so far. When approached traffic police officials deployed on Bank square said that they had informed their high-up about the problem being faced by the motorists due to sign boards and assured an appropriate action would be taken in this regard soon.—INP


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06:20 01:30 04:15 07:15

January 22 THE Society for Conservation and Protection of Environment Pakistan will hold a Media capacity building workshop on “Land Rights, Agrarian Reforms and Food security”. The two-day workshop will be held at local Hotel.

2-day anti-polio drive starts R AWALPINDI —The district administration on Monday launched a special two-day anti polio drive in selected areas of the city aimed at covering those children who could not be administered polio vaccine in the recently concluded campaign. The drive has been initiated in ten union councils of Rawalpindi especially where pakhtoons population is in majority, official sources in the District Coordination Officer (DCO) office told APP. “Polio teams are visiting union council number one to ten particularly focusing on Pakhtoon population as some children in selected areas remained unattended during the last round”,they said. Around 700 police personnel are performing security duty along with polio teams in different localities.—APP

Three gangs busted, 12 criminals held ISLAMABAD—Islamabad police The criminal involved identified on Monday busted three groups and arrested 12 criminals involved in theft, selling drugs and recovered various looted items worth millions of rupees, mobile phones, cash and weapons used in unlawful activities. According to a spokesman of Islamabad police here, on the directives of Inspector General Bani Amin Khan, SSP Islamabad Yasin Farooq had given a task to SHOs to arrest elements involved in criminal activities in the city. On the instructions, Islamabad police initiated action against the unlawful activities and arrested 12 criminals. Police Station Bara Kho had arrested a group of three accused involved in robberies.

as Hadir Shah, Hassan Mir and Fazan residence of Bara Kho and New Abadi. They have been arrested from Kohisar town and recovered two three bore pistols, one 12 bore gun and ammunition from them. The case had been registered against them. CIA police Sub inspector Muhammad Ali and ASI Naseem Ahmed had arrested five accused of two groups of criminals involved in gun point snatching and robberies. The criminals identified as Shan Meshi, Rastim Meshi, Babar Hussain, Javid Iqbal Abbasi. The culprits had admitted the criminals’ activities in Abpara, Tarnol, Koral, Shahzad town, industrial areas Margalla, Shalimar police stations.

The police had also recovered snatched mobiles and cash from them and started the investigation of the cases. Ramna police station inspector Abdur Raziq arrested accused Nawaz Khan and recovered 80 gm chars while Banigala police station ASI Nadar Ali arrested accused Bilal and recovered 3 bottles of wine. SI Muhammad Hanif of Shhazad town police station arrested Shahoor Rahmid Meshi and recovered 12 bottles of wine while Shalimar police station had arrested accused Haleem involved in theft. Inspector General Islamabad Police Bani Amin Khan and SSP Yasin Farooq lauded the efficient performance of police personnel and announced certificates for them.—APP

Libyan delegation calls on CJP ISLAMABAD —A delegation Court, Islamabad. headed by Mr. Justice Kamal B. A. Dhan, Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Libya and comprising Mr. Justice Saleh A. S. Abouzid, Mr. Justice Ramadan F. F. Beleil, Mr. Justice Nouredeen A. Alakrmi, Judges, Supreme Court of Libya and Mr. Fuad Muhamad Salem, Registrar, Supreme Court of Libya accompanied by Mr. Justice Agha Rafiq Ahmed Khan, Chief Justice, Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan called on Chief Justice of Pakistan Mr. Justice. Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry Monday in Supreme

While welcoming the delegation, Chief Justice of Pakistan said, “you are our valued friends and it is an honour to receive such a high level judicial delegation in Supreme Court today. Such Exchange of visits of delegations is a good tradition which enables us to share the experiences of each other and to understand the judicial system of both countries.” The Chief Justice of Libya told the Chief Justice of Pakistan that there are similarities between both the countries,

therefore, we can take advantage by sharing the experiences and knowledge. It will enhance the cooperation between the judiciaries of both countries. The litigation system is same in Libya as in Pakistan. He further explained the judicial system of Libya to Chief Justice of Pakistan that there are three types of courts; Court of First Instance; Appellant Court and Supreme Court. He further explained that judiciary in Libya is working independently and impartially before and after revolution.—INP

ISLAMABAD—National

Two girls kidnapped from Children Park R AWALPINDI —Two

Malik believes in inter-faith harmony ISLAMABAD—Interior Minister Rehman Malik said he believes in inter-faith harmony and respects the Christian community. In a statement, the Minister said he has not given any statement which could hurt the feelings of any one. He regretted that if some ones sentiments are harmed due to misreporting. It merits mentioning that Interior Minister Rehman Malik getting overwhelmed in criticism of the chief of Tehrik Minhajul Quran, Allama Dr Tahirul Qadri launched a scathing tirade on his personality and went on to say that he looks more like ‘Pope’ and a ‘Padree’ then an ‘Allama’.—Online

IHC dismisses plea against re-appointment of Naqvi as HEC ED

NAYS to initiate health awareness campaign Academy of Young Scientists (NAYS) is initiating awareness campaign regarding health issues and hygiene practices so that lost of precious lives could be ensured,especially in rural areas. It was decided during a meeting of NAYS Public Health Services (PHS) members and officials,held here today. The main objective of the meeting was to make NAYS PHS project, more meaningful and successful at national level. Giving details, NAYS President Aftab Ahmad said during the meeting it was emphasized to establish a network of members for PHS project from all over the country. Infrastructure development for basic medical testing facility and issues related to funds and funds raising to provide free medicine and basic test facilities were also discussed in the meeting. President NAYS, Chief Coordinator NAYS, Media coordinator NAYS and PHS coordinator of NAYS as well as team members of the project were also present on the occasion.—APP

RAWALPINDI: A view of massive traffic jam on Benazir Bhutto Road.

ISLAMABAD: Justice Kamal B.A. Dhan, Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Libya, called on Chief Justice of Pakistan Mr. Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry in Supreme Court.

Prize distribution of Punjab Sports Festival I S L A M A B A D —Rawalpindi Arts Council (RAC) Monday distributed prizes worth Rs.6,96,700 among 580 winners of Punjab Sports Festival 2012. They were winners of 18 different events including cricket, football, wali ball, Qiraat and Naat Khawani. The co-organizers of event were RAC and Sports Department. Member Punjab Assembly Raja Muhammad Hanif Advocate, was the guest of honor while Resident Director RAC, Waqar Ahmed and Coordinator Syed Amir Hassan Shah were also present on the occasion. Raja Muhammad Hanif addressing on the occasion said that Punjab Festival 2012 provided opportunity to youth to show their inner abilities without any discrimination. Speakers appreciated the efforts of RAC for encouraging youth and said the council has set an example to promote youth at every level.—APP

5,62,557 challan slips issued on traffic rules violation RAWALPINDI—Rawalpindi City Traffic Police (CTP) issued 5,62,557 challan tickets with fines amounting to over Rs 185 million imposed on traffic rules violators in 2012. Chief Traffic Officer (CTO) Superintendent Police (SP) Syed Ishtiaq Shah informed that city traffic police in its efforts for the smooth flow of traffic on city roads impounded 5669 vehicles and 9836 motorcycles in various police stations against severe traffic rules violations while a number of drivers were also arrested during the period. He said that 71 driving licenses were also suspended while the CTP forwarded recommendations for cancellation of 28 route permits. CTO said that action in accordance with the law was taken against 14784 drivers on use of mobile phone while driving. 6981 vehicles were challaned for having tinted glasses and the black papers were removed on the spot. Action was also taken against 714 smoke emitting vehicles. Special drive was launched

to discourage under age driving and more than 2851 under age drivers were fined. 9422 vehicles issued challan slips on wrong parking. Thousands two-wheelers who were driving without helmet were issued challan slips during the period. 11430 vehicles on violation of route permits, he added. 12595 drivers without driving licenses were challaned while 2705 drivers of vehicles and motorcycles on negligent and dangerous driving were imposed fines. City Traffic Officer informed that special campaigns were also run in 2012 where the citizens were educated about traffic rules and road safety. Education Wing of Traffic Police is making efforts to spread awareness so that the road journey could be made safe and sound, he added. The CTO urged the people to cooperate with traffic wardens as they are on the roads to facilitate them. A special squad is available to help and facilitate the citizens on Helpline 1915, he added.—APP

girls were abducted from the children park of Commercial Market here the other day in the jurisdiction of New Town police station. The kidnapping of girls from the park created panic and fear in the area. Police said that the residents of Muslim Abad located at Pirwadhai Azhar Shahzad told that his daughter who is 13 years old student of 8th class went with her friend and the friend’s brother to the park. The brother, dropping the girls off to the park, went to Murree Road for some work when he came the two girls had disappeared. The police have registered the case and started ISLAMABAD: President Rotary Club Islamabad Cosmopolitan, Rashid Ibrahim prethorough investigation.— senting a memento of RCIC to Ambassador of Spain to Pakistan Janier M. Carbajosa after a meeting of the club at a local hotel.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir Online

ISLAMABAD—The Islamabad High Court on Monday dismissed a petition of two directors general of Higher Education Commission (HEC) against the possible reappointment of Dr Sohail Naqvi as executive director of the commission. A singlemember bench of IHC comprising Justice Muhammad Anwar Khan Kasi resumed the hearing of the petition, seeking direction to stop the expected re-appointment of Dr Sohail Naqvi as ED HEC. During the course of hearing, Chaudhry Mushtaq, counsel for directors General of HEC, informed the court that their clients desired to withdraw the plea against Sohail Naqvi, cliaming that a new HEC executive director had been appointed by the commission. The bench accepted the request and dismissed the petition as withdrawn. It may be mentioned here that on last date of hearing, IHC had summoned the chairman of the Higher Education Commission (HEC) Dr Javaid Leghari, to appear before the court with all relevant record on January 21 (Monday). Chuadhry Mushtaq had adopted before the court that the appointment process was likely to be finalized on Saturday and Sunday.—APP

PSF confers Z A Hashmi award to Dr Shahina Fayyaz I SLAMABAD —Pakistan Science Foundation (PSF) Monday awarded Dr. Z A Hashmi gold medal to Dr. Shahina Fayyaz in recognition of her outstanding research activities. The Gold Medal is awarded each year on competitive basis to Principal Investigators of PSF supported research projects on the basis of results achieved and published during last ten years. Talking to APP, Spokesperson PSF Rehana Batool said Z.A. Hashmi Gold Medal has been instituted in the memory of PSF Founding Chairman, late Dr. Z. A. Hashmi to acknowledge his efforts and services for the development of Science and Technology in the country”.—APP

Barber shops hygienic care go unchecked I S L A M A B A D —Unhygienic daily visit barber shops for have fixed high prices for hair condition of barber shops go unchecked in twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi due to lukewarm attitude of the authorities concerned. Barbers use old and dirty tools for cutting hair and the condition of the scissors, manual clippers, straight razors and brushes are really deplorable which they use for years but do not bother to change them after a certain time which is necessary for keeping the bacteria and germs from spreading. A large number of people

hair cutting, shaves and beard trimming. There is a mushroom growth of these barber shops even at roadside in various localities such as Aabpara market, sector G/7, G/8 and G/11. A barber shop visitor at Aabpara market claimed that most of the barbers use same blade and towel after attending a client, adding a number of barbers do not have a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the authority concerned. Another resident Akbar Cheema said that barbers

cuttings, shaves etc, adding their is no check on the rates placed by them. He said that barbers demand 60 rupees to offer a shave and 120 for hair cutting. A senior medical practitioner of Islamabad Dr Amir Abbas said “barber shops in the twin cities have become hubs of germs. Re-used of same blade and towel might caused fatal diseases including Hepatitis and skin infections”. He said “there is a need to create awareness among the people about health care”.—APP

New PAP executive council pledges to ease devolution process STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The new executive council members of population association of Pakistan (PAP), elected here on Monday, pledged to facilitate the provinces in ensuring successful devolved governments. The new Executive Council members comprising of population and social sector specialists took over office on Monday with Begum Shahnaz Wazir Ali, Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on the Social Sector, elected as the new President. Speaking at the occasion, the new president appreciated the efforts made by the Population Association of Pakistan to highlight the population issue in Pakistan by generat-

ing and sharing research evidence that establishes the impact of rapid population growth on all development indicators. Begum Shahnaz Wazir Ali also called for a greater engagement between policy makers and the research community. The new committee feels that the association must ensure that policy makers are fully cognizant of the importance of the “Demographic Dividend” by making it a top priority. Pakistan’s transit towards a major demographic re-structuring presents additional issues for provinces to deal with; an increasingly youthful population, with 15 to 29 year-olds representing almost 40% of the nation’s adults, will require a robust health, education and em-

ployment system. Harnessing opportunties at the right time will help Pakistan and its people achieve their full potential, the committee outlined. The Population Association of Pakistan is a nonprofit, non-political, scientific, and professional association established in early 2000 for the individuals and organizations interested in population and development in the Pakistani context. The objective of the Association is to promote and strengthen the disciplines of population by providing forum to subject experts, facilitating their professional development, sharing scientific knowledge in population, and sharing experiences in the different disciplines of population.

ISLAMABAD: Begum Shehnaz Wazir Ali with newly elected members of executive council of Population Association of Pakistan.

LHWs’regularization to have good impact on medicare outreach STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Regularization of services of Lady Health Workers (LHWs) will have a strategic impact on the outreach programme of health care in the country with specific emphasis on child and mother care. According to health experts, LHWs have important role in the health care delivery system particularly in rural areas which will further improve with their regularization. “After job regularization now LHWs will do their responsibilities in more organized manner that will defiantly help reducing maternal and neonatal mortality rate in

the country,” said Dr Sharif Astori from Federal Government Polyclinic (FGPC) while commenting on government decision of regularization of services of LHWs. He said that LHWs have already an important role in country’s health care system. Their performance have been appreciated at many international forum and now they have become regular component of this health care system. He said that LHWs are playing an important role in far-flung areas of the country and suggested to further expand their responsibilities to ensure provision of better medical care to people. Representatives of para medical employees’ organiza-

tions have also hailed the decision of PPP led coalition government to regularize the services of Lady Health Workers. They expressed the hope that the government will provide secure working environment for other contractual employees working in medical field and utilize their abilities for the welfare of the people of the country. Representatives of LHWs and supporting staff also thanked the government for fulfilling their demand and assured that they will do their work with more commitment and dedication. They said Lady Health Workers Programme was conceived and initiated by Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto.


Yasin leads brisk procession in Srinagar Glowing tributes paid to Gaw Kadal martyrs SRINAGAR—The Jammu and that the Kashmiris were being the Kashmiri martyrs’ sacri- Court Bar Association comKashmir Liberation Front Chairman, Muhammad Yasin Malik, led a big procession in Srinagar, today, on the occasion of the martyrdom anniversary of over 50 innocent Kashmiris who were killed by Indian troops at Gaw Kadal in Srinagar on this day in 1990. Raising forceful anti-India and pro-liberation slogans, people marched from Maisuma to Basant Bagh. Addressing the demonstrators, Muhammad Yasin Malik paid glowing tributes to the Gaw Kadal martyrs and said that their mission would be accomplished at all costs. He said

Police accused of ‘torture, molestation K ULGAM — A family in Larnoo village of this south Kashmir district accused police of torture and molestation of two young girls of the household. The incident triggered massive protests and complete shutdown in the area. Police, however, refuted the allegations, describing the family as ‘rogue and wanted in several cases.’ Scores of villagers assembled at Laroo early morning and protested the incident. Raising slogans against the J&K Police for “torturing the family and molesting its women”, the protesters blocked the LarnooKulgam road. They demanded strict action against the erring cops. “Police raided our house on Saturday night at around 11 PM. They beat me up severely. They also beat up my two young daughters aged 17 and 18. They thrashed my 14-year-old son and my wife. The cops ripped apart the clothes of my daughters, molested them, gagged their mouth and then took them along,” Abdul Hamid Sheikh, head of the family, alleged. Sheikh’s clothes and shoes were soaked with blood while his body bore injury marks. —NNI

massacred in an effort to suppress their liberation struggle. He urged the people to observe civil curfew on 26th January, the Indian Republic Day. Meanwhile, complete shutdown was observed in Gaw Kadal, Maisuma, Budshah Chowk and Basant Bagh areas of Srinagar in remembrance of the Gaw Kadal martyrs. Call for the shutdown was given by the veteran Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani. APHC leaders, Mukhtar Ahmed Waza, addressing a meeting of his party in Islamabad town and Zafar Akbar Butt in Srinagar said that

fices, which had centre-staged the Kashmir dispute at the global level, would not be allowed to go waste. The Chairman of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation FrontR, Farooq Ahmed Dar, and the Chairman of Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Political Movement, Firdous Ahmed Shah, addressing their party meetings in Srinagar said that the ongoing liberation movement would be taken to its logical conclusion at all costs. On the other hand, Indian police attacked and smashed the windowpanes of the vehicle of a team of the High

prising General Secretary, Muhammad Ashraf Butt, Aijaz Bedar, Bilal Wani and Hamid Shafi at Qazigund when it was returning from its visit of Jammu jails. The Bar members staged a sit-in at Qazigund against the attack. The occupation authorities have shifted senior liberation leader, Mushtaq-ul-Islam, from Udhampur jail to a cell at Kot Bhalwal jail. A court in Srinagar had recently ordered the Indian police to lodge Mushtaq-ul-Islam in a nearby jail so that he could appear before the court during hearing of his cases.—KMS

Mirwaiz convenes Seerat conference SRINAGAR —In view of the solution to his problems. He he warned, there is no other efsacred month of Rabbi-ul-Awal and Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi (SAW), Chairman of Hurriyat Conference (M) Mirwaiz Umar Farooq convened a Seerat conference at party headquarters of Jammu Kashmir Awami Majlise-Amal at Mirwaiz Manzil, here. The conference was attended by prominent ulema, Islamic scholars, pro-freedom leadership and a large number of youth. Participants threw light on the life of Prophet Mohammad (SAW) and delivered their views on the importance of this month in Islam. In his inaugural address, Mirwaiz said it was only by following the teachings of Islam that one could find the

said it also helps one to earn blessing for his worldly as for his eternal life from Allah. Terming Prophet Muhammad (SAW) as a role model for the Muslims, Mirwaiz said it was only by following his teachings and beliefs in Islam that one can become a true human being and would bring reforms in the society by eradicating social ills and immoral activities. Expressing concern over the deteriorating social values, Mirwaiz said that it becomes incumbent on parents to play their role by inculcating in their sons and daughters Islamic teachings to bring positive reforms in the society. Otherwise,

fective way to address the issue plaguing the society. He further said that Muslims should continue to learn and implement teaching of prophet Muhammad (SAW) so as to reform the society and make it a better living place. On the occasion, leaders and Islamic scholars including Agha Syed Hassan Al Moosvi, Mufti Nazir Qasmi, Moulana Abbas Ansari, Showkat Hussein Keing, and Moulana Shams-ur-Rehman and others also delivered their speeches and enlightened people about the significance of this month of Islamic calendar and about the teachings of prophet Muhammad (SAW).—NNI

Snow causes damage to many residential houses BARAMULLA—Five residential houses were completely damaged while 103 suffered partial damage due to the recent snowfall in this north Kashmir district. About 143 non-residential houses are also reported to have suffered damage. According to reports, three residential houses in Tangmarg area and two at Limber Boniyar were completely damaged due to the heavy snowfall, leaving the families homeless. Tangmarg and Kunzar areas have been the worst-hit in the wake of at least 3-ft snow. In block Kunzar and Tangmarg together, reports said 86 residential houses and 102 non-residential structures in its 61 villages were damaged due to snowfall. Talking to Greater Kashmir, Tehsildar Tangmarg Ghulam Ahmad said: “Our field staff has confirmed that around 188 structures have been partially damaged during the heavy snowfall in Tangmarg and Kunzar block.” In Pattan Block, reports said about 43 structures have suffered partial damage. These include seven residential houses and 36 non-residential structures. In Baramulla, 12 residential houses and 13 non- residential structures are reported to have suffered partial damage in areas including Sadipora, Nandihal, Kanispora, Kalantra, Wagoora and Heewan.—NNI

MIRPUR: President Azad Kashmir Sardar Yaqub Khan and Chief Secretary Arbab Shahezad with President Anjaman-iTajran President Ch Mohammad Naeem.

MUZAFFARABAD: Former Prime Minister of Azad Khasmir PML-N leader Raja Farooq Haider leads a rally to mark joining of PPP leader Imtiaz Awan in PML-N.

23 years passed since Neelam lost her father S RINAGAR — Twenty three people took to the streets in the was a driver in the Cable Car years have passed since Neelam lost her father in a carnage carried out by the Indian Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) in Srinagar. She continues to pen down new poems every year to remember her martyred father. On the intervening night of January 20 and 21, 1990, the paramilitary troopers during house-to-house searches in Chota Bazar area of Srinagar dragged out people from their homes, arrested hundreds and molested several women. The incident took place immediately after Jagmohan Malhotra took over as governor of the occupied territory on 19th January, 1990, and announced to deal sternly with those who would demand freedom from India. As the word about the molestation of the women spread in the morning, thousands of

city to protest against the brutal action of the troops. The occupation forces resorted to indiscriminate firing on the protesters in Gaw Kadal area of the city, killing over 50 people and injuring hundreds of others. Neelam was only threeyear-old when her father, Farooq Ahmad Sheikh, was killed while saving people during the indiscriminate firing on protesters by the CRPF at Gaw Kadal. “I have been feeling a strange pain inside me every time, though I don’t know much about you. They say you have gone to a special place and they console me not to cry. But I don’t care what they say, Papa it is between you and me!” Neelam, who has now completed her graduation, writes in one of her poems. Farooq, then 28-year-old,

Corporation (CCC). “He (Farooq) ran towards a CRPF man who was spraying bullets on the protesters with the intention to stop him from firing. But he in turn received bullets in his chest,” said Farooq’s wife, Dilshada, in an interview. A liberation leader, Javed Ahmad Mir, said that the procession was completely peaceful when the troops opened fire. “I saw people around me falling down on the ground as the troops fired a volley of bullets,” he added. According to political analysts, the Gaw Kadal massacre is one of the worst massacres in the history of Kashmir. Pertinently, the Human Rights Commission of the territory has recently ordered fresh inquiry by its investigation wing into the Gaw Kadal massacre.—Online

Geelani welcomes Indo-Pak truce SRINAGAR—Welcoming the truce between India and Pakistan over the recent LoC row, Hurriyat Conference (G) Chairman Syed Ali Geelani said the long-lasting peace in the region would prevail only if both the countries resolve Kashmir issue as per the aspirations of the people of the State. In a statement issued here, Geelani warned of a war between the two neighbours unless the ‘core’ issue of Kashmir was resolved. “If Kashmir issue is not resolved, the possibility of war between the two cannot be ruled out,” he said. The octogenarian leader said the statements coming from Indian politicians over LoC issue were irresponsible and praised the role played by Pakistani administration during this crisis situation. “Indian media also indulged in war mongering while ignoring hundreds of incidents of massacres at the hands of troops in Jammu and Kashmir,” he said. “Many soldiers have died in clashes along the LoC, however, highlighting the killings of two Indian troopers was aimed to create panic and deteriorate the already tense situation.” He blamed Indian media of being “most irresponsible media” in the world.—NNI

Kashmiris resolve to continue struggle

JK’s unification prerequisite for plebiscite: Kamaal S RINAGAR — Firebrand NC rize territories under them and of the matter is that State has to additional general secretary Sheikh Mustafa Kamaal said the promise of holding referendum in Jammu and Kashmir made by the tallest leader of India late Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru was applicable to erstwhile J&K for which unification of two divided parts was a “prerequisite”. Talking to reporters on the sidelines of a function at NC headquarters, Nawa-e-Subah complex here, Kamaal said NC General Secretary Sheikh Nazir has rightly made a statement that the promise made by Nehru in 1948 at Lal Chowk, Srinagar should be fulfilled. “The promise was made eight years before J&K’s constitution was enacted in 1956. So the option of holding referendum was very much relevant,” said Kamaal. “The first condition for holding plebiscite in J&K is to restore the state to pre-1947 status. For that, India and Pakistan have to demilita-

allow the unification of two divided parts. The move should later be followed by the announcement of plebiscite.” He said as per the UN resolutions both, Pakistan and India have to demilitarize the parts of Kashmir under their control. He said senior PDP leader Muzaffar Hussain Beig was technically right to say that NC leader’s demand for plebiscite was against the constitution of J&K. “But that doesn’t mean the option was no more alive. The constitution was enacted in 1956 only to run the state of affairs. The main question of division of State remained there and continues to be same at present,” Kamaal said. Later talking to Greater Kashmir, Kamaal said let the unification of two Kashmirs take place on trial basis. “Let it be for 20 years. If it doesn’t go well, then other options can be explored,” he said. “But the fact

come to its original position as it existed on August 14, 1947.” Earlier, addressing NC workers at Nawa-e-Subah, Kamaal said the unmarked graves are the result of “genocide” committed by PDP patron Mufti Muhammad Sayeed and the then Governor of JK, Jagmohan. “They massacred the people in 1990,” he said. Kamaal said it was good to see Hurriyat (M) chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq demanding DNA testing of those buried in unmarked graves. “There has to be some mechanism to find-out who are buried in these graves,” the NC leader said. He urged the party workers to make party strong so that better results could be achieved in 2014. “Many forces are working in Kashmir to dismantle NC. Your job is to give befitting reply to them in 2014 elections. It is time to shun the differences and work as a single unit,” Kamaal said.—NNI

Beg slams extensive use of PSA SRINAGAR—Admitting that 2010 agitation was a “peaceful movement”, senior NC leader and Member Parliament, Dr Mehboob Beg said the policy of slapping Public Safety Acts (PSA) on the Kashmiri youth needs to be revisited to bridge the disconnect between people and the party. He also said the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) should be constituted on the lines of South Africa to find answers to the issues of disappearance of youth and unmarked graves.

Addressing the party function at NC headquarters, Nawa-e-Subah complex, Dr Beg said 2010 agitation in Kashmir was a peaceful one but booking of the youth under PSA was a wrong decision of the government. “The government needs to revisit the youth-related policies. An impression is being created among the youth that NC was responsible for massive political mistakes in the past, which is not true,” Dr Beg said. “We need to bridge disconnect between NC and the youth.”

He said Samajwadi Party MPs stated in the Parliament (in 2010) that stone-pelters in Kashmir were being paid Rs 500 a day. “I strongly objected to this statement in the Parliament. I told the Parliament that no mother in the world would prefer to see her son die for just Rs 500,” Dr Beg. He said there is a dire need of setting up TRC to address the issues like enforced disappearances of youth and the unmarked graves. “TRC has to be the replica of what we saw in South Africa after Apartheid,” Dr Beg said.—NNI

SRINAGAR–The Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front Chairman, Muhammad Yasin Malik, has reaffirmed the Kashmiris’ resolve to continue the ongoing liberation movement till it reaches its logical conclusion. Yasin Malik led a big procession from Maisuma to Basant Bagh in Srinagar, to mark the martyrdom anniversary of over 50 innocent Kashmiris who were massacred by Indian troops at Gaw Kadal in Srinagar on this day in 1990. People on the occasion raised forceful anti-India and pro-liberation slogans. Addressing the demonstrators, the JKLF Chairman while paying rich tributes to the Gaw Kadal martyrs said that their mission would be accomplished at all costs. He deplored that the Kashmiris were being killed in an effort to suppress their liberation struggle. Yasin Malik called upon the people of the occupied territory to observe civil curfew on 26th January, the Indian Republic Day, to convey to New Delhi that they reject its illegal occupation on their Kashmiri government employees shout slogans during a protest in Srinagar. homeland.—KMS

Back Channel Diplomacy

Pakistan, India discuss Kashmir issue, other problems OBSERVER REPORT I SLAMABAD —Delhi Dialogue comprising 30 participants from India and Pakistan deliberated on a variety of bilateral issues from 20 – 21 January, 2013. The key areas of discussion entailed review of bilateral relations, trade, extremism and terrorism, higher education and Jammu & Kashmir dispute, say a reporter recevied from New Dehli. The group consisted of retired diplomats, academicians, civil society activists, media personnel from both sides. This dialogue series initiate din 2011 holds that in-

creased people to people contact generates the momentum for policy change and allows key stakeholders on both sides to devise strategies for peace and regional cooperation. Participants unanimously agreed to the following statement: A joint declaration ws issued at the end of the deliberations. Following is the text: Joint Resolution We appreciate that 2012 was a year of progress in IndoPak relations during which the robustness of India-Pakistan dialogue was tested and despite challenges to the process, considerable headway was made on issues of trade and visa liberalization;

The political question of Jammu and Kashmir remains unresolved. We urge that India and Pakistan remain engaged and the four point formula devised in 2006-7 should be used a basis for further dialogue; We urge that media be given unfettered access on both sides. The governments must allow the circulation of newspapers, distribution of television signals and increase in the number of accredited journalists in both countries; We recommend that visas for journalists and their spouses should be facilitated without unnecessary delays; We urge both governments

to engage on the regional implications of the NATO pull out from Afghanistan in 2014 through dialogue on regional cooperation; We recommend that previously agreed proposals to resolve long standing issues such as Siachen and Sir Creek should be accepted immediately so that both countries can move forward in focusing on the core issues between the two countries; We note that recent incidents on the Line of Control (LoC) underline the need to reinforce the 2003 ceasefire agreement and recommend that new mechanisms be devised such as increased demilitarized zones. There is an urgent need

to reduce the eyeball-to-eyeball confrontation on the LoC; We recommend that roaming cellular facilities should be provided to the people of both the countries; We recommend that culture, sports and humanitarian concerns should be prioritized by both countries in the bilateral parleys; We recommend that the governments of India and Pakistan should evolve a result-oriented and monitorable mechanism of dialogue. This mechanism should include representation from both sides of the LoC aimed at a mutually acceptable resolution of the Kashmir issue; We demand the resumption of the suspended bus service

and cross-LoC trade on Poonch-Rawlakot route; the stranded passengers must be allowed to return from the same route; We suggest an urgent review of the performance and structural feasibility of crossLoC trade by addressing two bottle necks: a. Decentralization of the LoC trade and travel by creating a single independent authority on the Indian side; b. Converting the existing barter trade to routine cross-border trade with sufficient checks; c. Opening up of the old Jammu-Sialkot and KargilSkardu trade routes; and d. Introducing smart card service

issued on the basis of State Subjects Certificate to overcome the cumbersome procedures for cross-LoC travel; We recommend that both governments should constitute a study group tasked to explore the potential for generating energy on both sides of the LOC, with a particular focus on exploiting the substantial hydro-electric potential of the region. This will benefit all parties involved and provide a much needed economic impetus in Jammu and Kashmir. We recommend that the agreed Investment Protocol of 2012 needs to be operationalized through the fol-

lowing measures: a.The BOI and FIPB should ensure speedy approvals of projects; b. The liberal visa regime should be a prerequisite for the investment protocol. In particular, work visa category should be added to the new visa regime, including visas for technical experts and trainers. These should be one year multiple entry visas that allow up to ten cities, with exemption from police reporting. In September 2012, the Joint Statement of the Commerce Secretaries had taken certain decisions which require full implementation. In particular, progress needs to accelerated in the following areas


Japanese calendar exhibition 2013 Staff Reporter KARACHI—As many as 123 calendars depicting the Japanese culture and lifestyle have been put on display at Japanese calendar exhibition. The exhibition commenced here on Monday at Japan Information and Culture Center of the Consulate General of Japan. It is being held in collaboration with Pakistan Japan Cultural Association (PJCA) Sindh and Pakistan Japan Business Forum (PJBF). Ms. Beo Rana Zafar, was the chief guest at the event which will be opened to public from January 22 to 25. In his inaugural address, Consul General of Japan in Karachi, Akira Ouchi, stated that Japanese calendars were good messengers to introduce the huge variety of the aspect of Japanese culture and that visitors could also enjoy sophisticated printing technology of Japan crystallised in the calendars.

PQ shipping activity KARACHI—Shipping activity

12pc hike in agri credit disbursement AMANULLAH KHAN KARACHI—Agricultural credit disbursement by banks surged by 12 percent on year-on-year basis to Rs 140.32 billion in the first half (July-December, 2012) of the current fiscal year (201213). In absolute terms, disbursement of credit to the agriculture sector increased by over Rs 15.11 billion in July-December, 2012 when compared with the total disbursement of Rs 125.21 billion in the same period of the last fiscal year. Overall credit disbursement by five major commercial banks including Allied Bank Limited, Habib Bank Limited, MCB Bank Limited, National Bank of Pakistan and United Bank Limited stood at Rs 76.04 billion in

July-December, 2012 as compared with Rs 70.56 billion disbursed in July-December, 2011 depicting an increase of Rs 5.47 billion or 7.76 percent. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited (ZTBL), the largest specialized bank, disbursed a total of Rs 19.28 billion in July-December, 2012, down by 8.39 percent when compared with Rs 21.04 billion disbursed in the same period of the last fiscal year. Punjab Provincial Co-operative Bank Limited (PPCBL) disbursed Rs 3.59 billion in July-December, 2012 down by 7.02 percent when compared with Rs 3.87 billion disbursed in the same period of the last fiscal year. Fourteen domestic private banks also loaned a combined amount of Rs 33.16 billion in

July-December, 2012 up by 36.84 percent as compared with Rs 24.23 billion disbursed in the same period of the last fiscal year. Five Microfinance Banks including Khushhali Bank Ltd., NRSP Microfinance Bank Ltd., The First Microfinance Bank Ltd., Pak Oman Microfinance Bank Ltd. and Tameer Microfinance Bank Ltd. disbursed agri. loans amounting to Rs 8.25 billion during July-December, 2012 as compared to Rs 5.50 billion disbursed in the same period of the last fiscal year. It may be pointed out that the State Bank has provisionally set an indicative agricultural credit disbursement target of Rs 315 billion to banks for the cur- ISLAMABAD: Secretary Azad Kashmir Small Industries Corporation Saleem Bismil and Dr Shujat Ali, Secretary Punjab Small Industries Corporation signing MoU. rent fiscal year.

KESC to partner DHA in energy conservation AMANULLAH KHAN

remained active at Port Qasim during the last 24 hours where KARACHI—Karachi Electric three ships carrying containers Supply Company (KESC) has and chemical were allotted proposed to the Defence Housberth at Qasim International ing Authority (DHA), to insert Containers Terminal and Engro the energy conservation guideVopak Terminal. Meanwhile lines as a mandatory clause for two more ships scheduled to load/ offload cement and canola adherence in its bylaws. The core objective behind this sugseeds also arrived at the outer gestion is to transform all deanchorage of Port Qasim veloping / under construction during the last 24 hours. Berth residential projects in DHA into occupancy was 45% at the Port “green houses”, especially in the on Monday where a total upcoming areas of DHA Phase number of five ships namely Lantau Arrow, Maersk Georgia, 8 and 9 KESC recently conveyed Harsanadi, Star Eracle and the proposal to the DHA auLiberty N are currently thorities for their consideration occupying berths to load/ and the proposed clause if inoffload containers, chemicals, serted, would also envisage infertiliser and LPG Mix respectively. A cargo volume of 38304 tonnes comprising 27741 tonnes imports and 10563 tonnes exports inclusive STAFF REPORTER of containerised cargo carried in 1107 containers (Boxes) K A R A C H I — Ta m e e r were handled at the Port during Microfinance Bank Limited the last 24 hours.—APP (TMFB) announced the successful listing of its Term Finance CerRates for conversion tificate (TFC) by the name of “Tameer Sarmaya Certificate KARACHI—The following (TSC)” on the Karachi Stock Exrates will be applicable for change. Tameer Sarmaya Certificonversion into rupees of cate is the first of its kind retail Foreign Currency Deposits, Micro Finance TFC to be launched Dollar Bearer Certificates, in the Pakistan Market with a miniForeign Currency Bearer mum investment ticket of PKR Certificates, Special U.S. 5,000/- (Rupees Five Thousand Dollar Bonds and profits only), with purchase of certificate thereon by all banks and for in Multiples of PKR 5,000/- (Ruproviding Forward Cover on pees Five Thousand) thereof. Foreign Currency Deposits The TFC has been offered for (excluding F.E.25 deposits) by the State Bank on January 22. The rates are U.S. Dollar Rs 97.7212, Japanese Yen Rs 1.920 Pound Sterling Rs 155.2496 and Euro Rs 130.1646.—APP

stallation of LED lighting technology at the time of construction of new homes, aimed to save upto 70 per cent of electricity (lighting) load in any household on a sustainable basis. In addition it is also proposed that the architects would be required to design structures keeping in mind the provision of adequate light and air, helping to reduce the cost of cooling and lighting KESC shared with the DHA authorities that as a first measure to lead by example, it has already transformed its own head office situated in DHA, into LED lighting thereby making it the first ever, green building in the country. The power utility further stated that it has also achieved

tremendous success at other sites with respect to the conversion of conventional lighting into energy efficient technology, with the prime example of LED conversion success being the Quaid’s Mazar. In order to assist the heavy power consumers to optimize their energy consumption, KESC has also conducted energy audits, with the recent example being in the healthcare sector where these optimization audits were undertaken at the Civil Hospital, Indus Hospital, SIUT and LRBT. KESC said that it looks forward to the DHA joining hands with KESC in furthering this noble cause of energy conservation.

Tameer Bank strikes Gong at KSE a period of 1 Year (13 Months) at a rate of 12% and 2 years (24 Months) at a rate of 12.50%, with a monthly profit payment mechanism. The TFC aimed to raise PKR 1 billion (Rupees one Billion) and has been partially secured through the Microfinance Credit Guarantee Facility provided by the State Bank of Pakistan. TFC 1 (1 Year) and TFC 2 (2 Years), has an issue of PKR 500 Million (Rupees Five Hundred Million) each respectively and has been assigned a Rating of “‘A”’ by JCR-VIS, which denotes very high credit quality. The Subscription of the fund was available through Bankers lead

Dr Baig off to US STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Dr Mirza Ikhtiar Baig, Federal Advisor on Textile Govt. of Pakistan & Dean Hon. Consular Corps Sindh Pakistan left for US and Jamaica to attend BOD meeting of World Federation of Consuls from 23rd to 27th Jan ‘13 in Kingston followed by meetings in USA. Dr Baig will be meeting Pakistan business community and media representatives at an interactive session and dinner on 28th Jan hosted by Mr. Aqil Nadeem Consul General of Pakistan in Houston. He will also be meeting prominent US businessmen of Pak Chamber of Commerce – USA and will give presentation on investment in Energy sector and Textile City Project in Pakistan on 29th Jan and also schedule to meet Mayor of Houston Council for International Trade and the Greater Houston Partnership, the main chamber of commerce of greater Houston for a talk on Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) between Pakistan and US. Dr Baig will also be discussing with Mr Rick, Senior Advisor to the Deputy Secretary of Energy Office USA, for their assistance in the energy sector in Pakistan.

by SCB. Due to the overwhelming response from the market, the subscription for the fund has been closed within a record five days. Speaking on the occasion, after striking the Gong at KSE, Mr Nadeem Hussain, CEO, President and Founder, Tameer Micro Finance Bank said: “We are extremely pleased at this ground breaking achievement, the first of its kind in the Pakistani Market. This will help pave the way for other’s to offer such products. On this occasion, I would like to thank our Bankers to the Issue, retail investors, our partners and the STAFF REPORTER Tameer Team who made this possible and helped create history.” K ARACHI—The Sindh government has set up a judicial commission to ascertain and report facts relating to the public lands allotted, leased and kept in record by the Sindh Board of Revenue (SBR) since December 27, 2007 when the PPP chairperson Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in Rawalpindi. The Sindh home department formed the one-member Inquiry Commission and appointed JusToo many people think tice (Rtd) Zahid Kurban Alavi only of their own profit. as its member to probe and furBut business opportunish a detailed report within next nity seldom knocks on 30 days. the door of selfThe Commission would cantered people. No be investigating into the allotcustomer ever goes to ment of land by the SBR dura store merely to ing the last five years, the please the storekeeper. Chairman PIA, Lt General (Retd) Asif Yasin Malik presiding over the 346th PIA Board of conversion of 30 years lease Directors meeting. Managing Director PIA, Muhammad Junaid Yunus also present at the into 99 years during the last — Kazuo Inamori five years. meeting.

Sindh starts judicial probe into SBR’s land record

PMEX introduces Urdu dictionary on future trading STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Pakistan Mercantile Exchange published the first of its kind Urdu Dictionary on Futures Trading in Pakistan. Raeda Latif, PMEX Head of Marketing, explained the concept behind the project, “We feel that the commodity markets are still in the development stage and a large population is ignorant of the concept of futures trading. For this purpose, the project of a comprehensive guide on trading in Futures was undertaken.” The dictionary is authored by Shayan Ali, a financial technical analyst, financial terminologist, writer and founder of Bullion Research Center. His Urdu report for gold

technical and fundamental analysis is well appreciated among local traders and PMEX traders. Expressing his views on the dictionary, Shayan said: “I have explained over hundred financial terminologies from the basic to the most advance level for the benefit of not only the new traders but also experienced analysts.” PMEX is the only legal platform in Pakistan for commodity futures trading that recently boasted a record trading volume of Rs385.5 billion in the first quarter of fiscal 2012-13, which was up by 40.7% compared to the preceding quarter. With the rise in commodity trading on the exchange, more and more investors are viewing commodity futures as an alternative source of

investment. However, derivatives are regarded as highly complex financial products and, therefore, investors are quite wary of trading in them. The need for building trust and imparting knowledge has increased manifold for the purpose of developing a commodity market. Publishing the Urdu dictionary is a significant step in the direction of establishing a strong relationship between the investors and derivatives instruments. The dictionary is unique in the sense that it is specifically targeted towards the masses of investors and traders who are mostly conversant in the local language, and find it difficult to understand the complex terminology of futures trading in English.

FFC’s EPS likely to reduce to Rs16.2 per share STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—The earning per share (EPS) of Fauji Fertilizer Company (FFC) this year is expected to decline by 9 percent to Rs 16.2 compared to last year, believe the market observers. Expected to post a final dividend of Rs 5 per share, the FFC is like to post in 2012 an earning per share of Rs 16.2, down 9 percent versus last year. The analysts at Topline believe that the FFC, whose board meeting is due on January 23, was expected to provide a total return of more than 20%, inclusive of dividend in 2013. “Though net sales are expected to increase by 32%, we expect FFC to post earnings de-

cline of 9% in 2012. This is primarily due to lower gross margins and lower dividend from FFBL,” said Zeeshan Afzal of Topline Research. Expected higher rupee sales is primarily due to improved urea prices (up by an average 32%). On the flip side, decline in gross margin is primarily due to the imposition of GIDC (Gas Infrastructure Development Cess) by the government on various sectors including fertilizer on feed and fuel stock gas prices. This resulted into increase in cost of production. Thus, compared to gross margin of 62% in 2011, we expect gross margin to reach at 48% in 2012, down 14pps. Besides, lower dividend in-

come from FFBL amid decline in DAP margins and lower urea sales has also led to decline in FFC’s earnings. “We expect FFC to post EPS of Rs5.4 in 4Q2012 as against Rs2.72 in 3Q2012. Expected increase in earnings is primarily attributed to higher urea off-take (up 64%) and dividend income from FFBL,” he said. However, despite higher volumetric sales in 4Q2012, earnings are expected to remain lower than the 4QCY11 EPS of Rs6.84 primarily because of hike in gas prices. Available at attractive 2013 dividend yield of 14%, we maintain ‘Buy’ stance on FFC at current levels.

KSE 100-Index gains 39.04 points STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —Profit

taking clipped gains in scrips prices of leading scrips as KSE 100 Index recorded a rise of 39.04 points to close at 1,6640.81 points on Monday, dealers said. Trading volume was restricted to 128.251 million shares as 156 scrips advanced while 146 sustained losses and

32 remained unchanged. The market capitalization improved by Rs 10.3 billion to Rs 4.155 trillion. Maple Leaf Cement was the volume leader with 16.118 million shares followed by Fauji Cement 13.585 million shares, Byco Pakistan 8.716 million shares, Jahangir Siddiqui 8.601 million shares and JS Growth Fund 7.005 million shares.

Engro Foods closed at 99.23, NBP 48.82, Byco Pak 13.90, Attock Refinery 164.53 and Maple Leaf Cement 15.92. Bata Pak recorded the highest gain of Rs 20 to close at Rs 1250 followed by Mitchells Fruit which surged by Rs 15 to Rs 395 while Rafhan Maize dipped by Rs 185 to Rs 3515 and Uniliver Food plunged by Rs 178 to Rs 4000.

100 mmcfd to be injected in SSGC system next year KESC and Steel Mills owe Rs52b to SSGC AMANULLAH KHAN KARACHI—The gas supply in Sindh would be enhanced with the additional supply of about 100 mmcfd gas by next year, this was stated by Managing Director Sui Southern Gas Company (SSGC) Zuhair Siddiqui. Addressing to the members and office bearers of Korangi Association of Trade and Industry (KATI) , SSGC chief said that through new gas fields supply of 50 to 60 mmcfd is expected by early next year while another 50 mmcfd LPG air mix gas

through LPG plant under completion at Port Qasim is expected. He however said that due to this plant would become a little higher. He further said that with the improvement of gas supply the demand of gas too will grow with the same ratio and to overcome this grim situation all sectors of gas consumers would have to sacrifice whether they are domestic consumers, industrial, commercial or CNG sector. He said that SSGC has sought permission from the Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA) to allow SSGC to charge for gas on account of theft by non-registered

consumers. Siddiqui said OGRA is not allowing SSGC volumes on account of pilferage by non-consumers despite a directive of the federal cabinet, which was followed by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources’ advice to allow the same. He said that KESC owes a huge amount of over Rs42 to SSGC and another big amount of Rs12 billion remained outstanding against Pakistan Steel due to which SSGC is facing financial crunch and the company is compelled to get bank financing in order to run its day to day affairs. He further informed that

KESC has now refused to pay late payment surcharge as well. He said that both the major defaulters have been put on notice. Siddiqui says that SSGC supplies 100 mmcfd to the CNG sector. “Although we suspend CNG supplies for three days a week, pumps still manage to sell nearly as much gas in the remaining four days as they would in a week without any CNG closure. But still, it helps us control pressure for other sectors on CNG suspension days,” he said. He said all car owners belonged to the top 5% income bracket, which should be enough for the government to ban CNG in pri-

vate cars. “The days of cheap gas are over. CNG should be restricted to public transport only. We’re the 27th largest producer of gas globally, but we’re number one in terms of CNG consumption,” Zuhair said. He informed that recovery from industrial sector is excellent. On query by the Chairman KATI Mohammad Zubair Chhaya regarding launching awareness campaign about gas conservation, he said that SSGC has initiated advisory service for the industrial sector and any industrialist can obtain advisory service free of charge. He said that a significant amount of 110

mmcfd gas could be saved through adopting conservation methods and installation of right types of gadgets. Regarding exempting the industry from load-shedding on Sundays he said that it would be done as soon SSGC gets the additional supply. He said that even domestic consumers in many gas deficient countries have been shifted to LPG. Heagreed with the point that that industry should be given priority on all consumers as it provides employment to the general masses. Earlier, Zubair Chhaya said that Karachi’s industrial sector, which is major bread-earner for

the nation, is suffering badly due to utilities crisis and law and order situation. He said that gas load-shedding on Sundays is causing immense problems industry and SSGC should discontinue this practice. He said that many industries are facing acute problem of low pressure of gas and their productivity is being affected badly. President All Karachi Industrial Alliance, Mian Zahid Hussain said that we have to determine that which sector of gas consumers should be given priority. He said that gas heaters and water geysers should not have priority at all and government should come up with a policy of solar geysers and heat-

ers. He demanded of the SSGC chief to supply gas to the industry on Sundays in lieu of shut downs and days of strike in the city as sometimes city remains closed due to unrest. Senator Abdul Haseeb Khan said that we have to evolve comprehensive policies at national level setting up our priorities in order to overcome ongoing energy crisis. Former Chairmen KATI Masood Naqi, Farhanur Rehman, Johar Ali Qandhari and Chairman SSGC Standing Committee Ehtesham Uddin and leading industrialists also spoke on the occasion.


Level playing field demanded for Pakistani kinnow in Indonesia

USA

97.60

97.40

UK

154.88

154.56

EURO

130.04

129.78

ISLAMABAD—Indonesia has

Canada

98.46

98.46

Switzerland

104.42

104.20

Australia

102.62

102.41

Sweden

14.98

14.95

Japan

1.0880

1.0858

enjoyed free access to the Pakistan market for many items, including palm oil, for the past six years and part of the Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) signed by two countries recently, We expect the same unhindered market access for kinnow export, said Chief Executive Officer Harvest Tradings, Ahmad Jawad. However, he said, as of last month, Indonesian importers are being issued with monthly quotas to control volumes of Pakistani kinnow shipments that can be brought into the country which is not accepted at all. Pakistani Fresh produce industry also concerns over the barring of entry of our products to the Port of Jakarta. The closure of the port to fresh produce shipments was hotly debated last

Norway

17.41

17.38

Singapore

79.40

79.24

Denmark

17.42

17.39

Omani Riyal

242.00

241.75

Saudi Arabia

26.02

25.97

Hong Kong

12.59

12.56

Kuwait

346.48

345.77

Malaysia

32.29

32.22

Newzeland

81.57

81.40

Qatar

26.81

26.75

UAE

26.57

26.52

KR WON

0.0921

0.0919

Thailand

3.287

3.281

STAFF REPORTER

year when it was announced that all exports would have to enter via other ports. Negotiations have since taken place and this port is opened again to Australia and US oranges, but not for Pakistan. This means that all Pakistani produce exports to the country must instead go via Surabaya City, Indonesia from where it is shipped over land at an additional cost of $2500; said Jawad. On the other hand issue regarding General Rate Increase (GRI) $ 1500 on perishable shipments from the shipping lines is not solved in our country. Shipping experts mentioned that there was no plausible reason for an increase as there was neither any congestion at the Karachi Port and Port Qasim nor there was any choking of containers. Ahmad Jawad said that few

shipping lines are reluctant to impose this new levy on the business community in the light of current trade scenario of the country which is appreciated and we are thankful to them. Unfortunately, some big names in shipping industry support GRI, just to stable their financial viability. Needless to mention that Pakistani kinnow is already expensive on the international market due to high input and with this effect cost may increased up to Rs 150,000. Current year’s production is 20 percent less at 1.8 million tones compared to previous year’s yield of two million tones. In spite of this downward slide, in 2010-11/12 Pakistan’s fruit export market grew by 8.1 percent and in vegetables, country fetched 180.6 million dollars by exporting edible vegetables in the respective fiscal year.

PGJDC establishes training centre in Gilgit STAFF REPORTER Gold Tezab Silver Tezabi

53914.00 972.85

Gold Tezabi (24-Ct) Gold 22 Ct SilverTezabi Silver Thobi

53150.00 48600.00 975.00 900.00

LCCI for macroeconomic reforms, policy changes SALIM AHMED L AHORE —The Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) Monday called for macroeconomic reforms and policy changes in consultation with stakeholders for a sustainable economic recovery. After IMF decision that it will not write-off or reschedule Pakistan’s loan, the LCCI President Farooq Iftikhar, Senior Vice President Irfan Iqbal Sheikh and Vice President Mian Abuzar Shad said here Monday that the government would have to reorganize the power sector, restructure public sector businesses and reduce trade deficit to overcome economic woes. The LCCI office-bearers also stressed the need for a mechanism to ensure in letter and spirit implementation of economic policy decisions in the larger interests of the stakeholders. “Since gas and electricity shortage is mother of all economic ills, therefore, a focused attention to stop pilferage and allocate more revenues to overcome circular debt issue is needed. The power sector infrastructure should be upgraded as without doing so there will be little improvement even if major new generation facilities are built. The governmentowned power generation companies should be technologically refurbished as it could close the demandsupply gap by 1500 MW.” On restructuring of public sector businesses, the LCCI office-bearers said that the public sector entities including Pakistan Railways and PIA are incurring a loss of over Rs 600 billion annually, therefore, they should be privatized. The LCCI office-bearers also suggested to the government to announce incentives for the private sector to give boost to exports and control fast widening trade deficit. “Pakistan’s exports are confined to a few destinations while a major chunk comprises textiles only. Measures are direly needed to enhance export base by including more items and new export destinations.” In 60s the collective exports of a number of Far Eastern Countries were much smaller than Pakistan but today each country has bigger export than Pakistan and they achieved this milestone by giving proper consideration to the proposals of their respective business community. At a time when the global trade is poised for faster than expected upward growth and climbing out of this painful economic recession by putting people back to work, the situation in Pakistan is heading to point of no return.

ISLAMABAD—Pakistan Gems and Jewellery Development Company (PGJDC) has established a Gems and Jewellery Training and Manufacturing Center (GJTMC) in Gilgit city which has vastly abundant resources of colored gemstone treasures. Most important of these are ruby, topaz, aquamarine, tourmaline and quartz. According to official sources, this centre is established to acquire the true economic potential of the region. “Center is successfully providing training and common facility centre services to the

masses”. In an advent of expansion of these facilities across the region of Azad Kashmir, PGJDC also intends to open a Gems and Jewellery Training and Manufacturing Center in Azad Kashmir in near future, official said. He said training courses offer an insight into the gemstones, their formation, their identification methods and how they can be excavated intact to their natural shape. Course participants are lectured on daily basis and they are trained on different real, synthetic and artificial stones using latest gemological microscopes and other equipments. Official said course helps a lot to the gem dealers and other interested people who want to

excel in gemstone business in future. Duration of these courses range from 2 weeks (Short Course) to 8 weeks (Long Course), he said. Besides, Lapidary (Gems Cutting, Faceting & Carving) course is also offered in which value addition is done to the loose crystals so that they can be used in jewellery making that result in more income to the seller and satisfaction to the buyer. Official said, through these rigorous practical courses, highly skilled and trained professionals are produced having sound knowledge on modern day cutting, faceting & carving techniques along with operating expertise on latest Japanese & German Lapidary Machines.

Directors training programme launched by ICAP STAFF REPORTER KARACHI —The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan (ICAP) launched Directors’ Training Programme duly approved by Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) on January 21, 2013. 33 participants of listed companies are attending the Programme. Abdul Rahim Suriya, Chairman CPD said in 1998, a conference was organized by ICAP on the subject of Good Corporate Governance. Later in 2002, SECP adopted almost all of these recommendations. He put forward three comments. Code of Corporate Governance does not specifically require what to be covered for corporate reporting. Therefore in order to further strengthen

transparency and accountability, SECP may include the corporate reporting criteria developed by the Joint Committee of ICAP and ICMAP as a part of CCG. CCG requires directors to annex the statements with the Directors’ Report and Financial Statements are as per IFRS and System of Internal Control is sound etc. CCG requires that 2/3 directors should be non executive. In this circumstance it is not logical to bound Non Executive directors to certify and take so much exposure and responsibility. In few countries these confirmations are expected from CEO and CFO under a separate statement called “Responsibility Statement”iii. The CCG also requires, wherever necessary few information to be annexed to the Directors’ Reports, for

example: key operating and financial summarized data of last six years; He suggested SECP to make these as a part of the annual report instead of making it as a part of Directors’ Report so that the responsibility remains with the Operational Management, CFOs and & CEOs. Director, SECP, Akif Saeed congratulated ICAP for conducting DTP. He said that what is written in code should be implemented in later and sprit.E-Voting, E-IPP, E-Dividered are being considered by SECP. Ahmed Saeed, President ICAP said that Shareholders role is to appoint Director’s & Auditors. ICAP appreciates efforts of SECP in promoting Corporate Governance and providing adequate grounds for Directors Training.

ISLAMABAD: Group photo on the occasion of International Seminar on “Innovations in Irrigation Water Management for Sustainable Food Security” organized by National Productivity Organization (NPO), Ministry of Industries, collaboration with APO, USDA, FAO, Ministry of Food Security and WNPO.

Afghan cement factories to return to tender KABUL—The management of three cement factories in Afghanistan will be put out to tender by the end of March, the Ministry of Mines said. Included in the three is the Herat Cement Factory which was previously contracted with an Iranian company but was terminated by the ministry because of the company’s failure to fulfill their commitments in due time, ministry officials said. “The Iranian company could not address the articles in the contract and its commitments in due time. Following review and discussions, the Ministry of Mines terminated the contract with this company,” MoM spokesman Ahmad Tamim Asi said. “(The factory) will be put up for international bidding in Hamal 1392 (March-April 2013) to increase the capacity of cement production in Afghanistan,” he added. The Herat factory has the capacity to produce 3,000 tonnes of cement per day, however the company has failed to meet this in 27 months because it does not have the essential technical and financial facilities to excavate the raw materials needed to produce the cement. The ministry also said that in the next Persian year of 1392 (Mar 2013-Mar 2014), the cement factories of Jabul Saraj in Parwan province and Ghori in Baghlan province will also be put up for bidding in order for the factories to produce more and meet domestic cement demand.—DNA

Samsung introduces mini smartphone STAFF REPORTER

LAHORE—Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd, a global leader in digital media and digital convergence technologies, has introduced its latest smartphone – the GALAXY SIII Mini. It is a compact version of Samsung’s flagship smartphone GALAXY S III. The intelligent device combines high performance with intuitive ease-of-use and a natureinspired design. It runs on a robust 1 GHz Dual Core Processor with 1 GB RAM and offers a 4.0 inch WVGA Super AMOLED display screen, with a 5 Mega Pixel camera with LED flash and a VGA front camera. The Android 4.1 Jelly Bean Operating System has fast and fluid graphics. It features “Google Now” - to bring you the right information, before you even ask. This compact smartphone understands your gestures for KARACHI: Ahmed Saeed, President ICAP, Abdul Rahim Suriya, Chairman CPD, Akif easier usage. The “Smart Stay” Saeed, Director, SECP, Arif Saeed, Director Service Industries and others at the launching function tracks your eyes and ceremony of Directors’ Training Programme by ICAP. keeps the screen lit as long as you are looking at it. “Direct Call” enables you to automatically dial a specified call.

Boeing to cut Pakwala hails reconciliation 40pc jobs Positive image efforts of Zardari of Pakistan N Y —Boeing Co (BA) economic activities in the counS R EW

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said it will cut a little more than 40 percent of jobs, or 160 positions, at its El Paso plant as it looks to reduce the impact of planned U.S. defense budget cuts. The company said it will reduce occupied square footage 50 percent at the plant by moving from three buildings to one. The plant in Texas manufactures electronics for a variety of Boeing products. The reductions will be completed by the end of 2014, the company said. Boeing announced a major restructuring of its defense division in November that would cut 30 percent of management jobs from 2010 levels, close facilities and consolidate several business units.

TAFF

EPORTER

try as evident from the fact that

K ARACHI —Iqbal Dawood Stock Exchange market index,

Pakwala, Acting President of Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FPCCI) in a press statement has lauded the reconciliation efforts put in by Mr. Asif Ali Zardari, President of Pakistan resulting in peaceful conclusion of long march after 4 days by signing an agreement with Dr. Tahirul Qadri, Chief of the Tehrik-iMinhajul Quran. The FPCCI Acting Chief added that the agreement reflects the wisdom and positive intention of the Pakistan’s President to keep great harmony among all cross sections of the country and to find peaceful political solutions of all the disputes through dialogue. Iqbal Dawood Pakwala said The company’s shares that the settlement would help closed at $77.09 on the New further improve image of deYork Stock Exchange.— mocracy and democratic process in Pakistan and resumption of Newswire

with an increase of 311 points reached to the tune of 16,602 point within one day on January 18, 2013. He was of the view that political stability is a prerequisite for economic growth and development of the country in the prevailing global scenario to offset the future fiscal challenges. He also hailed the Government delegation which was led by Ch Shujat Hussain, President of PML (Q) for having a constructive negotiation with Tehrik-i-Minhajul Quran Chief which led to end of the long march with amicable atmosphere and reconciliatory spirit. He also stressed the Government to proactively deal with the ongoing power and gas crisis and other issues to avert industrial closures and resultant economic downturn.

STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—A team of Pakistan American Expo and Festival led by Shahab Qarni, President/CEO Bankers Resource Group USA visited Islamabad Chamber of Commerce & Industry (ICCI) for discussing the purpose of organizing Pakistan America Trade Expo in Washington D.C, USA from September 13 to 16, 2013. Shahab Qarni informed the meeting that exhibition will have representation of the leading business and commerce sectors of Pakistan and will provide a grand and unique opportunity for the businessman from both countries to meet, discuss and create new avenue. He said that the event would also provide a platform for Pakistanis and their foreign counterparts to do business.

SECP seeks to cut fees for late filing of returns, accounts STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan has proposed certain amendments to the 2003 Companies (Registration Offices) Regulations, whereby a substantial reduction in the additional fees for late submission of statutory returns, annual accounts and other documents filed by the companies has been proposed. As per current regulations, on late filing of documents, heavy additional fee is being charged which might be a reason for non-compliance and low rate of filing of overdue statutory returns by companies. Through this amendment,

SECP has proposed to reduce the burden of additional fee to be paid by companies. This is likely to increase compliance rate. Additional fees which are required to be paid as one time additional fee for a delay of not more than 15 days, two times for a delay of not more than 45 days and three times for delay of more than 45 days, shall now be paid as one fourth times for a delay not more than one month, one half times for a delay not more than six months, equal to usual fee for a delay not more than one year, one and half times for a delay not more than two years, two times for a delay not more than three years, two and half times for a delay not more than

four years and three times for a delay of more than four years. The SECP has thus proposed that the additional filing fee may be revised by spreading the period of filing of delayed statutory returns over a period of four years in seven steps, instead of just 45 days as contained in the existing regulations. The draft amendments have been published in the official gazette vide S.R.O. No. 23 (I)/ 2013 for information of all persons likely to be affected thereby. Any objections or suggestions received within 14 days shall be considered by the Commission. The S.R.O. No. 23 (I)/2013 has also placed at the SECP website.

Gerry’s International, EPZA, FIEDMC Barclays Bank sign deal sign MoU OBSERVER REPORT K ARACHI —A meeting was

Gerry’s International Group Director Arshad Wali Muhammad and Barclays CEO Shazad Dada at the signing ceremony. providing customers with an STAFF REPORTER exclusive contemporary space, KARACHI—Gerry’s Interna- the partnership will meet the tional, GSA of Virgin Atlantic, changing needs and expectaPakistan and Barclays Bank Pa- tions of both business and leikistan has joined forces to offer sure travelers and better intecustomers a wider range of ex- grate the ground and air travel periences of lavish traveling. experience. The partnership The unique partnership will pro- with Gerry’s International, GSA vide passengers exclusive travel of Virgin Atlantic will allow us to reach a truly global audience offers and solutions. Signing ceremony was held every day.” Gerry’s International Group recently at Barclays Bank’s Head office in Karachi. Gerrys Director, Mr. Arshad Wali International Group Director Muhammad shared his thoughts Mr. Arshad Wali Muhammad with the team and said, “We are and BBP CEO, Mr. Shazad delighted to be partnering with Dada were present at the cer- a brand like Barclays, enabling emony along with their respec- us to cater the right clientele. Providing various solutions to tive teams. Speaking at the occasion, our traveler, we will set benchShazad Dada said, “Apart from mark for the industry to follow”.

held between Mr. M Saadat S. Cheema, Chairman Export Processing Zones Authority (EPZA) and Mr. Khawaja Asim Khurshid, Chairman Faisalabad Industrial Estate Development and Management Company (FIEDMC). FIEDMC Chairman welcomed the Chairman EPZA and his team on arrival at FIEDMC corporate office while Chief Operating Officer (COO) gave comprehensive presentation on FIEDMC projects to Chairman EPZA. During the meeting EPZA and FIEDMC agreed to sign an MoU between both the organizations to boost export oriented industrialization in the region. It will generate thousands of employment opportunities for local inhabitants and earning of foreign exchange for the country. During the meeting FIEDMC agreed to provide some reasonable space for establishment of EPZA Liaison office at corporate office of FIEDMC. Chairman EPZA also visited FIEDMC M3 Industrial City and on this occasion briefing was given by Chief Operating Officer (COO) of FIEDMC on the master plan of M3 Industrial City. As a goodwill gesture Chairman EPZA also planted the first plant of M3 Industrial City.

Acumen Fund, JS launches Pakistan fellows programme STAFF REPORTER

Twenty individuals have been selected out of over 500 candidates to participate in this year-long training, while simultaneously continuing to pursue their social impact initiatives. Fellows’ initiatives range from creating an interest-free microfinance institution, to a disaster relief project, to a teaching training program. In addition to a presentation given by the newly selected Pakistan Fellows, the launch event featured remarks by Jacqueline Novogratz, Founder & CEO of Acumen Fund, and Firoz Ladak, Executive Director, Edmond de

Rothschild Foundations. “Pakistan today faces many challenges, and we need new KARACHI—Acumen Fund, a leaders who are dedicated to crepioneering nonprofit global venating a better future for this ture firm addressing poverty country,” said Farrukh Khan, across Africa and in South Asia, Country Director, Acumen Fund hosted an event yesterday to inPakistan. “It is exciting to help troduce the first class of Acumen develop a community of leaders Pakistan Fellows. In partnership with the financial skills, operawith JS Bank, the Mahvash & tional excellence and moral Jahangir Siddiqui Foundation imagination to address pressing and the Edmond de Rothschild social issues and we’re humbled Foundations, Acumen is workby the support and interest ing to develop the next generawe’ve received from our parttion of social change leaders ners and local community.” who are building innovative “The depth and breadth of talbusinesses and strong instituent in the applicant pool size is tions across Pakistan. evidence that the people of this nation want to seek ways to improve the prevailing conditions and challenge the existing status quo,” stated Ali J. Siddiqui, CEO, Mahvash & Jahangir Siddiqui Foundation. “With this inaugural class of bright and ambitious individuals, we are creating a brighter future of this country by providing the tools and the knowledge required to develop a new generation of Pakistani leaders.” The Pakistan Fellows program is just one part of Acumen’s investment in leadership and community of the Acumen Fund alumni network. The ISLAMABAD: Shahab Qarni, President and CEO Bankers East Africa Regional Fellows Resource Group USA sharing views about organizing Pak- Program is in its second year and US Expo and Festival. just selected its fellows for 2013.


Al Qaeda claims assassination of Sunni lawmaker in Iraq Bitter setback for Merkel

The ISI also claimed respon- without giving details. On other bombings in northern Iraq BAGHDAD—Al-Qaeda’s Iraqi mujahideen in his current state, to SITE Intelligence Group quoted BERLIN—In an extremely tight German affiliate said it had carried out a be an example and a lesson for ISI as saying in a statement on sibility for other attacks in Anbar Wednesday more than 35 people and Baghdad.

state election that seemed to produce few clearcut winners, there was no argument over who the biggest loser was - Chancellor Angela Merkel. Her Christian Democrats (CDU), led in Lower Saxony by rising star David McAllister, had convinced themselves over the past week that they were on the verge of a stunning come-from-behind victory in the northwestern state, a major agricultural and industrial region that is Germany’s closest approximation to a U.S.-style swing state. But on Sunday, they came up agonisingly short, losing power to the centre-left Social Democrats (SPD) and Greens, who together managed to win one more seat in the state assembly than the centre-right. It is a bitter defeat for the 58-year-old chancellor, even if she remains a strong favourite to win a third term in a federal election eight months from now. “It is a setback. I won’t pretend it isn’t, and it hurts all the more because it was so close,” Hermann Groehe, a close Merkel ally and general secretary of the CDU, told German radio. In one fell swoop, the result gives the centre-left a majority in the Bundesrat upper house of parliament, meaning the opposition can block major legislation from Merkel’s government and initiate laws themselves. That will not change after the national election in September, even if Merkel’s centre-right coalition with the liberal Free Democrats (FDP) manages to hold onto power. In the run-up to the federal vote, Merkel’s room for manoeuvre will be limited, and the notoriously risk-averse German leader may take a more cautious stance on a range of policy issues, including her management of the euro zone debt crisis. —Reuters

Israel dismantles Palestinian protest tents RAMALLAH—Israeli forces removed Palestinian protest tents from land adjoining a Jewish settlement in the occupied West Bank on Monday, the second such camp to be torn down in a week. Palestinian activists had pitched tents near the village of Beit Iksa, northwest of Jerusalem, where residents face difficulty building homes due to Israeli restrictions and may be surrounded by a separation barrier Israel plans for the area. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, widely predicted to win a third term in an election on Tuesday, has pledged to pursue settlement building in the West Bank and in East Jerusalem, occupied land that Israel has annexed in a move not recognised internationally. “Israeli border police evacuated the structures, removing some 20 people who were there and confiscating the tents and equipment,” an Israeli security source told Reuters. Activists from the camp, which they dubbed Bab al-Karama, “the Gateway of Dignity”, vowed to continue pitching tents on areas they say are threatened by Israeli settlement expansion. “The demolition of Bab al-Karama does not mean the end of our stand. Activists will again occupy the site on which the village was built and they will rebuild their tents when the opportunity arises,” activist Nabil Hababa said. Last week, many of the same protesters were evicted by Israeli forces from a protest camp in an area outside Jerusalem known as E1, earmarked by Israel for new settlements that Palestinians say will split the West Bank in two. The Israeli Haaretz newspaper reported on Monday that Israel’s Defence Ministry planned to change the proposed route of its separation barrier to prevent Palestinian access to the E1 area.—Reuters

Italy ‘Radical reforms’ ROME—Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti launched his campaign for a second term on Sunday with a speech calling for deep-rooted reforms to kick start economic growth, four weeks ahead of a parliamentary election. “Italy needs radical reforms. Radical reforms for those who are outside protected interest groups, and for young people who cannot find work because others are over-protected,” the economist said at the launch of his campaign for the February 24-25 vote. In an interview with the premier on Sunday, daily Corriere della Sera said Monti planned to try to modify a labour reform that was watered down during a lengthy passage through parliament last year. Monti said only that nothing had been decided. In his speech Monti said he would push for a “drastic reduction” of the number of parliamentarians and a rearrangement of the Italian state to make it “less onerous”. Such reforms have long had broad cross-party support, but have stalled in parliament. The head of a technocrat government appointed in November 2011 to rescue Italy from a Greekstyle meltdown with austerity and reforms, Monti said he would stick to cutting the country’s debt burden but that Italians could look forward to a gradual reduction in taxes. The promise came after a week in which support for the centre-right party of rival Silvio Berlusconi rose two points to 17.7 percent according to a Friday poll by SWG. Berlusconi repeatedly promised to abolish a much-hated property tax introduced by Monti to mend Italian public finances.—Reuters

Franco-German unity event BERLIN—Germany and France will put on a show of total unity this week to mark the 50th anniversary of the Elysee Treaty that cemented their post-war reconciliation. But beneath the public display of friendship, the Franco-German motor that has long driven Europe is sputtering and unlikely to offer new policy breakthroughs this year to help speed the euro zone fully out of its crisis. French President Francois Hollande will travel to Berlin for a joint cabinet meeting and session of parliament due on Tuesday. He will also join German Chancellor Angela Merkel in giving speeches in the Reichstag building where Adolf Hitler once presided. Hollande has been overwhelmed by domestic problems since taking over from conservative Nicolas Sarkozy eight months ago, and finds himself hemmed in by a growing euro-wariness within his Socialist Party and among the wider French public. Officials in Berlin are watching his early attempts to overhaul the struggling French economy, worrying that if there is not more progress soon, the euro’s crisis could flare up again, enveloping France, and Germany with it. The 1963 signing of the Elysee Treaty by France’s President Charles de Gaulle and German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer aimed to foster deep ties between the nations less than two decades after the Nazi occupation of France. Over the years the treaty has spawned separate agreements in education, culture and defence that have sent millions of young French and Germans on languagelearning exchange trips, created a joint TV channel and Europe’s first cross-border army brigade.—Reuters

China rebukes US for disputed remark BEIJING—China rebuked U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on Monday for her public backing of Japan’s administration over a string of uninhabited islands in the East China Sea which are at the centre of a messy dispute between China and Japan. Clinton, speaking after meeting Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida, repeated the long-standing U.S. position that Washington acknowledged the islands were under Japan’s administration, raising China’s ire. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei said on Monday that Clinton’s remarks were a distortion of the facts. “The relevant comments by the U.S. side neglects the facts and confuses right with wrong. China is extremely dissatisfied and resolutely opposed to this,” he told a daily news briefing. “We urge the U.S. side to take a responsible attitude towards dealing with the Diaoyu Islands, be cautious in what they say and do and take concrete steps to maintain regional stability and overall picture of Sino-U.S. ties to gain the trust of the Chinese people.”—AP

province and across the country, died in a suicide bomb attack and suicide bomb attack that killed a those after him,” the U.S.-based Sunday. Sunni Muslim lawmaker last week as he toured a construction site in the westerly Anbar province, where Sunnis have been protesting against the government for three weeks. Members of the Sunni minority accuse the Shi’ite-led government of marginalising them, and the wave of protests has raised fears that the OPEC country could again slide into widespread sectarian conflict. The Islamic State of Iraq (ISI), an umbrella group for al Qaeda-linked Sunni insurgents, said it was responsible for the assassination of Efan al-Esawi, describing him as the “dog of the Americans” and the “tail of the Shi’ites”. Esawi was one of the architects of the Sahwa tribal resistance that helped to subdue al Qaeda-linked insurgents battling U.S. troops in the Sunni heartland of Anbar at the height of the conflict of the last decade. Posing as a worker, the attacker hugged Efan al-Esawi before detonating an explosive vest, killing them both on the spot. “He insisted on his disbelief, treachery and war against Muslims ... until he died at the hands of the Residents carry the coffin of Efan al-Esawi, a member of the Sunni-backed Iraqiya bloc, in Falluja, 50 km

Prisoners still tortured in Afghan custody: UN KABUL—Afghan authorities are tric shocks, twist their genitals and ern province of Farah told the still torturing prisoners, such as hanging them by their wrists and beating them with cables, the United Nations said, a year after it first documented the abuse and won government promises of detention reform. The latest report shows little progress in curbing abuse in Afghan prisons despite efforts by the U.N. and international military forces in Afghanistan. The report released Sunday also cites instances where Afghan authorities have tried to hide mistreatment from U.N. monitors. The slow progress on prison reform has prompted NATO forces to once again stop many transfers of detainees to Afghan authorities out of concern that they would be tortured. In multiple detention centers, Afghan authorities leave detainees hanging from the ceiling by their wrists, beat them with cables and wooden sticks, administer elec-

threaten to shove bottles up their anuses or to kill them, the report said. In a letter responding to the latest report, the Afghan government said that its internal monitoring committee found that “the allegations of torture of detainees were untrue and thus disproved.” The Afghan government said that it would not completely rule out the possibility of torture at its detention facilities, but that it was nowhere near the levels described in the report and that it was checking on reports of abuse. The findings, however, highlight the type of human rights abuses that many activists worry could become more prevalent in Afghanistan as international forces draw down and the country’s Western allies become less watchful over a government that so far has taken few concrete actions to reform the system. As one detainee in the west-

U.N. team: “They laid me on the ground. One of them sat on my feet and another one sat on my head, and the third one took a pipe and started beating me with it. They were beating me for some time like one hour and were frequently telling me that, ‘You are with Taliban and this is what you deserve.’” More than half of the 635 detainees interviewed had been tortured, according to the report titled Treatment of Conflict-Related Detainees in Afghan Custody: One Year On. That is about the same ratio the U.N. found in its first report in 2011. It’s a troubling finding given the amount of international attention and pledges of reform that came after the first report. At that time, the NATO military alliance temporarily stopped transferring Afghans it had picked up to national authorities until they could set up a system free of abuse.

Mexico five murders puzzle police ALBUQUERQUE—A 15-yearold boy remained in custody Sunday night as detectives tried to piece together what led to the shooting of his parents and three of their children who were found dead in a New Mexico home. The teenager was arrested on murder and other charges in connection with the shootings, which happened Saturday night at the home in a rural area southwest of downtown Albuquerque, said Lt. Sid Covington, a Bernalillo County sheriff ’s spokesman. Authorities identified the victims late Sunday as Greg Griego, 51, his wife Sara Griego, 40, and three of their children: a 9-year-old boy, Zephania Griego, and daughters Jael Griego, 5, and Angelina Griego, 2. Word of the shootings travelled quickly through the law enforcement community, and officials began offering their condolences for Greg Griego, a spiritual leader known for his work with firefighters and the 13 years he spent as a volunteer chaplain at the county jail.

“Chaplin Griego was a dedicated professional that passionately served his fellow man and the firefighters of this community,” Fire Chief James Breen said in a statement. “His calming spirit and gentle nature will be greatly missed.” Jail Chief Ramon Rustin said Griego was instrumental in the creation of the Metropolitan Detention Center’s chaplain program and worked to get inmates integrated back into the community. Griego also was a former member of the pastoral staff at Calvary, a Christian church in Albuquerque. As part of his work there, he oversaw the Straight Street program for jail inmates. Authorities said each victim suffered more than one gunshot wound, and several guns were found at the home, one of which was a semi-automatic militarystyle rifle. Investigators were trying to determine who owned the guns. “Right now we’re to the meticulous points of processing the scene and collecting physical evidence, and this is a vast scene

with a lot of physical evidence,” Covington said. Authorities declined to release details of any conversation that the 15-year-old had with investigators, but they said he was the Griegos’ son. The sheriff’s office said he is charged with two counts of murder and three counts of child abuse resulting in death. The Associated Press is withholding the suspect’s name during the initial investigation because he is a juvenile. The sheriff’s office said it wouldn’t release any further information about the case until Sheriff Dan Houston holds a news conference Tuesday morning. On Sunday, a police roadblock cut off public access to the narrow dirt road that leads to the home, which is surrounded by trees and an agricultural field on one side. Neighbours said they saw the first police cars and ambulances arrive at the home Saturday night. The road was blocked and word of the shootings began to make its way through the neighbourhood.—Reuters

‘Quadruple helix’ DNA seen in human cells LONDON—Cambridge University scientists say they have seen four-stranded DNA at work in human cells for the first time. The famous “molecule of life”, which carries our genetic code, is more familiar to us as a double helix. But researchers tell the journal Nature Chemistry hat the “quadruple helix” is also present in our cells, and in ways that might possibly relate to cancer. They suggest that control of the structures could provide novel ways to fight the disease. “The existence of these structures may be loaded when the cell has a certain genotype or a certain dysfunctional state,” said Prof Shankar Balasubramanian from Cambridge’s department of chemistry. “We need to prove that; but if that is the case, targeting them with synthetic molecules could be an interesting way of selectively targeting those cells that have this dysfunction,” he told BBC News.

It will be exactly 60 years ago in February that James Watson and Francis Crick famously burst into the pub next to their Cambridge laboratory to announce the discovery of the “secret of life”. What they had actually done was describe the way in which two long chemical chains wound up around each other to encode the information cells need to build and maintain our bodies. Today, the pair’s modern counterparts in the university city continue to work on DNA’s complexities. Balasubramanian’s group has been pursuing a fourstranded version of the molecule that scientists have produced in the test tube now for a number of years. It is called the Gquadruplex. The “G” refers to guanine, one of the four chemical groups, or “bases”, that hold DNA together and which encode our genetic information (the others being adenine, cytosine, and thymine).

The G-quadruplex seems to form in DNA where guanine exists in substantial quantities.And although ciliates, relatively simple microscopic organisms, have displayed evidence for the incidence of such DNA, the new research is said to be the first to firmly pinpoint the quadruple helix in human cells. The team, led by Giulia Biffi, a researcher in Balasubramaninan’s lab, produced antibody proteins that were designed specifically to track down and bind to regions of human DNA that were rich in the quadruplex structure. The antibodies were tagged with a fluorescence marker so that the time and place of the structures’ emergence in the cell cycle could be noted and imaged. This revealed the four-stranded DNA arose most frequently during the so-called “s-phase” when a cell copies its DNA just prior to dividing.—Reuters

Pirates seize oil tanker ABIDJAN—Ivory Coast’s government says armed men have hijacked an oil tanker in the country’s commercial capital. Authorities first reported the hijacking of the Panamanianflagged vessel, ITRI, on Monday. It began Wednesday as the tanker was preparing to deposit 5,000 tons of oil at the port of Abidjan. A government statement said officials located the vessel off neighboring Ghana. It was not immediately clear how many crew members were on board, or whether the hijackers had given up control of the tanker. Authorities were mobilized over the issue. Most hijackings in the region occur near oil-rich Nigeria. The first recorded vessel hijacking off Ivory Coast was in October when 14 men armed with knives and AK-47s boarded a tanker carrying 30,000 tons of gasoline. The crew was later released unharmed.—AP

West launches currency war: Iran TEHRAN—Iran’s Intelligence Ministry says the West has launched a “currency war” against Tehran to destabilize the Islamic Republic. The director of the ministry’s economy department, who was unnamed in the Monday report from the semiofficial Fars agency, says that expanding domestic production can help counter Western sanctions imposed on Iran over its nuclear program. Sanctions include an oil embargo and banking restrictions that make it difficult for Iran’s Asian customers to pay. Iran’s national currency lost nearly 40 percent of its value in 2012 alone. It now fluctuates between 30,000 rials to 34,000 rials in the open market, compared to 10,000 rials as recently as early 2011. The U.S. and its allies fear Iran is trying to develop a nuclear weapon, a charge Tehran denies.—AP

Petrol pumps owners’ strike enters 2nd day DHAKA—Vehicle owners and commuters have been going through a tough time as petrol pump owners and tank-lorry workers are continuing their nationwide indefinite strike for the second consecutive day on Monday. Bangladesh Petrol Pump Owners and Tank-Lorry OwnersWorkers Unity Council enforced the strike on Sunday to press home their nine-point demands, including a hike in commission on sales of fuel. The power and energy ministry will hold talks with petrol pump owners at 3:00pm Monday to talk them out of the strike, said a ministry spokesperson on Sunday. The demands include a 3.4 percent increase in commission on sales of diesel and 4 percent on sales of petrol and octane following price hike of fuel. Other demands of the pump owners include a rise in tank-lorry fare and necessary steps against adulteration of fuel. Around 4,500 petrol pumps remained closed and 30,000 tank-lorries stayed off the streets across the country since 6:00am Sunday. —Star

Al Qaeda’s Iraqi branch also voiced support for the Sunni protests and said it was fighting to “cut off the vein that is extending the life of the criminal Nusayri regime to kill your brothers in the Levant”. In neighbouring Syria, mainly Sunni rebels are fighting President Bashar al-Assad, most of whose ruling establishment are members of the Shi’ite-derived Alawite or Nusayri sect, adding to the strain on Iraq’s own delicate sectarian and ethnic balance. Sunni anti-government protests erupted in Iraq in late December after state officials arrested members of a Sunni finance minister’s security team on terrorism charges. Authorities denied the arrests were political, but Sunni leaders saw them as a crackdown. Since the fall of Sunni strongman Saddam Hussein after the U.S.led invasion, many Sunnis feel they have been marginalised by the Shi’ite leadership. Violence in Iraq is well down since the height of sectarian bloodletting in 2006-2007. But last year saw a rise in violent deaths for the first time in three years, with more than 4,400 people killed.—Reuters

Obama speech sets off policy wranglings W A S H I N G TO N —President tackle comprehensive immigraBarack Obama has prepared a second inaugural address that broadly lays out his vision for the country’s future, setting the stage for looming debates over taxes, guns, immigration and other issues while leaving the details for another day. The speech, slated right after Obama takes an oath to “faithfully execute the office of the President of the United States” Monday on the Capitol’s west front, includes no new policy, aides say. Rather, the president plans to use the moment as it traditionally has been in most of the 56 previous inaugurations — to talk about founding American values and their importance to the country’s success today. But his words come on the precipice of a second term with no shortage of tough battles. Obama may in some way reference the Connecticut elementary school shooting that pushed gun control to the top of his agenda. He may also speak of a need to

tion reform, another secondterm priority, and a need to bring U.S. troops home from Afghanistan. White House advisers see the inaugural speech as the opening opportunity for the president to discuss his secondterm agenda, but in broad terms. The next major opportunity will be at the State of the Union address Feb. 12, when aides say Obama will discuss specific policy proposals. Inaugural addresses are not typically partisan, and White House aides say Obama doesn’t intend to call out his political opponents. But they say he will stand up for his values and vision that were supported by the majority of voters in the November election. Obama’s prepared text notes that spirited debate is a hallmark of a vibrant democracy, aides say, but that the country’s leaders can’t let disagreement prevent them from finding common ground to move the country forward. —AP

Algeria hostage death toll over 80 ALGIERS—The death toll from lim brothers the necessity to stay the terrorist siege at a natural gas plant in the Sahara climbed past 80 on Sunday as Algerian forces searching the refinery for explosives found dozens more bodies, many so badly disfigured it was unclear whether they were hostages or militants, a security official said. Algerian special forces stormed the plant on Saturday to end the four-day siege, moving in to thwart what government officials said was a plot by the Islamic extremists to blow up the complex and kill all their captives with mines sown throughout the site. In a statement, the Masked Brigade, the group that claimed to have masterminded the takeover, warned of more such attacks against any country backing France’s military intervention in neighbouring Mali, where the French are trying to stop an advance by Islamic extremists. “We stress to our Mus-

away from all the Western companies and complexes for their own safety, and especially the French ones,” the statement said. Algeria said after Saturday’s assault by government forces that at least 32 extremists and 23 hostages were killed. On Sunday, Algerian bomb squads sent in to blow up or defuse the explosives found 25 more bodies, said the security official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the situation. “These bodies are difficult to identify. They could be the bodies of foreign hostages or Algerians or terrorists,” the official said. Three Britons were killed and another three were feared dead. The dead hostages were also known to include at least one American as well as Filipino and French workers. Nearly two dozen foreigners by some estimates were unaccounted for. —AP

Syrian opposition fails to form transitional govt ISTANBUL—Syrian opposition leaders said on Monday they had failed to agree on a transitional government to run rebel-held areas, dealing a fresh blow to their efforts to present a credible alternative to President Bashar alAssad’s rule. The Syrian National Coalition (SNC) said in a statement that a five-member committee would put forward proposals on forming a government within 10 days, after talks in an Istanbul hotel broke up without agreement on an interim prime minister. Formation of a government is seen as a threat to some members of the SNC, especially the Muslim Brotherhood, which would lose influence if a smaller executive body were elected. The Istanbul talks, the opposition’s second bid to form a government, have only highlighted divisions in the coalition and risk undermining support for the umbrella grouping, formed two months ago in Qatar with Western and Gulf

backing. Power struggles within the 70-member coalition have undermined efforts to agree on a transitional government, even as Syria slides further into sectarian conflict between the Sunni Muslim majority and Assad’s minority Alawite sect. “This is a big blow for the revolution against Bashar al-Assad,” said one Syrian opposition leader who attended the meeting but who did not want to be named because he operates underground in Syria. He said that half of the SNC opposed the idea of a transitional government altogether, even after the group abandoned a previous stipulation that coalition members would not be allowed to serve in the government. Sources at the negotiations said on Sunday that SNC President Moaz Alkhatib had flown to Qatar to secure promises of financial aid for a transitional government in rebel-held areas.—AP


Pakistan Ski team win Gold Medal in Korea SPORTS REPORTER ISLAMABAD —After a thrilling finish, Pakistan ski contingent comprising Master Noor Muhammad and Master Shah Hussain of Naltar Ski School clinched two top positions by winning Gold and Silver medals in ‘Dream Programme -2013’ held in Gangwon Province, the Republic of Korea. Vice Chief of the Air Staff, Air Marshal Farhat Hussain Khan, who is also the President Ski Federation of Pakistan, congratulated the athletes who called on him in his office today. Air Marshal Farhat Hussain Khan lauded their achievements for winning Gold as well as Silver Medals and hoped that their flying coloured success would significantly boost the SFP’s ventures in National and International ski events. He said, “It shows that we have made huge progress since our joining the Dream training Programme only 02 years ago in 2011”. He also acknowledged the contributions and efforts of Embassy of Korea in Pakistan, especially the Ambassador, His Excellency Mr Choong-joo Choi for extending his full support and cooperation in materializing these ski training sessions in Korea. Later, these promising skiers met with His Excellency

CDGL to promote sports in Lahore: DCO MUZAFFAR ALI

KOREA: Air Marshal Farhat Hussain Khan, President Ski Federation of Pakistan with the winning Pakistan Ski team of ‘Dream Program-2013’ held at the Republic of Korea. Mr Choong-joo Choi at the embassy of Republic of Korea. The ambassador appreciated the outstanding performance of these budding players in Dream Programme – 2013. ‘Dream Programme’ was commenced by Gangwon Province, Korea, the host of

Pyeong Chang 2018 Winter Olympics. The purpose of the Programme is to fulfil the promise with International Sports World to expand the base of winter sports. Since 2004, the Province is inviting young people from countries, where winter sports facilities are not fully developed.

Du Plessis replaces banned De Villiers as captain C APE

endeavours to provide systematic and specialized training of winter sports for which ‘Winter Sports Academy’ has been established under the guidance of Korean Olympic medallists and national team level athletes for training opportunity to promising young athletes.

BJP protests against Pakistan’s matches

B HUBANESWAR —Activists T O W N —Francois Gary Kirsten took over as against New Zealand, Du of the opposition BJP and

coach two years ago. Du Plessis made slower African one-day interna- progress, making his onetional team Sunday after AB day international debut two de Villiers was suspended for seasons ago. a slow over rate in the first match against New Zealand. It was another twist in a tale of two cricketers who were schoolboy team-mates at the Afrikaans Boys High school in Pretoria. Back then it was Du Plessis who was the captain of the first XI, although De Villiers was always the more obvious future star, playing for South African Schools in his last two years at school, while Du Plessis missed selection. But Du Plessis earned a place on a South African under-19 tour of England in 2003 and was made vice-captain to But he quickly earned Imraan Khan, who played in one Test for South Africa in recognition as one of the leaders in a team environment the 2008/09 season. De Villiers was playing — a reputation which soared international cricket barely when he made a match-savtwo years after leaving ing century on his Test deschool and was named cap- but against Australia in tain of South Africa’s one- Adelaide this season. When De Villiers sought day international and Twenty20 teams soon after a rest ahead of a Test series

du Plessis was handed L AHORE —District Coordi- ‘Faf’ the captaincy of the South nation Officer (DCO) Lahore Noor-ul-Amin Mengal said that City District Government Lahore (CDGL) had been utilizing all its resources for the promotion of sports in Lahore City as games are important for healthy body and sound mind. He revealed that CDGL has been organizing a Sports Galla at Town, College and School levels from 29th January 2013. He expressed these views while chairing a meeting of District Sports Galla at Nadir Hall on Monday. The meeting was attended by MPA Kh. Imran Nazir, Mohsin Rasheed convener of CM Punjab for Wrestling, EDO (Education) Dr. Pervaiz, EDO (Finance & Planning) Moazam Iqbal Sipra, District Sports Officer Lahore Malik Waqar and others. Mengal also revealed that citizen could register their free registration in DO sports office.

Pakistan, however, joined the Programme in 2011. This year about 150 participants from 40 different countries participated in the training after which the athletes were divided into groups and competitions were held among them. The Programme

Plessis captained the South African Twenty20 team in three matches during December, and now he will be in charge for the remaining two one-day internationals against the Kiwis, in Kimberley Tuesday and Potchefstroom Friday. Left-handed batsman David Miller was added to the squad to fill the gap in personnel left by De Villiers. In addition to De Villiers being suspended, the South African players, already stung by a surprise onewicket defeat against the Black Caps in Paarl on Saturday, will lose their entire match fee after it was found the home side were six overs short of their target even after time allowances were taken into account. De Villiers admitted he had failed to ensure an acceptable over rate for the match, which finished more than half an hour late. Match referee David Boon imposed the suspension after De Villiers pleaded guilty to the offence.—AFP

Ronaldo nets two as Madrid beat Valencia 5-0 BARCELONA—Cristiano Ronaldo netted two goals and set up another to power Real Madrid’s blistering attack to a 5-0 demolition of Valencia in the Spanish league on Sunday, while Atletico Madrid chipped into Barcelona’s lead by maintaining its perfect record at home. Madrid decided the match by halftime with doubles by Ronaldo and Angel Di Maria after Gonzalo Higuain had opened the scoring. Atletico, meanwhile, eased to a 2-0 win over Levante despite losing striker Radamel Falcao to injury for its 11th win in 11 home games this season, breathing an inkling of life into the title chase. Atletico took advantage of Barcelona’s first league defeat of the season the day before to reduce the gap to the pacesetters to eight first half played by any team league campaign left Jose points. Madrid’s best perfor- in Spain this season, of its Mourinho’s team in third trouble-filled place 15 points adrift of mance, and arguably the best otherwise

Barcelona. Madrid finally resembled the side that strolled through the league last season en route to the championship with a record haul of points (100) and goals (121). ”We made the game easy by pressuring them hard from the start,” said Di Maria, whose season had been subdued until Sunday’s match. ”We played a great game. On a personal level, I played well and shut a few mouths.” Madrid had already beaten Valencia 2-0 just five days before in the first leg of their Copa del Rey quarterfinal. The two teams will meet for a third time in nine days on Wednesday in the return leg. Valencia’s collapse was complete. Its attack was toothless, its midfield sloppy with the ball, and its defense uncoordinated and repeatedly undone with the simplest of through passes into wide open spaces behind its back line.—AP

members of rightwing groups such as the Bajrang Dal on Monday protested outside the office of the Odisha Cricket Association in Cuttack against the plan to host World Cup matches of the Pakistan women’s team. Hundreds of Bharatiya Janata Party workers and those of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) as well as the Bajrang Dal demonstrated at the Odisha Cricket Association in Cutttack, about 25 km from here. They also blocked the national highway. “Pakistan players would not be allowed to play in India till the army of that country behaves in accordance with international conventions,” Ashok Sahu, state vice president, told IANS. He was referring to the alleged killing of two Indian soldiers, one of whom was allegedly beheaded and his head taken away, along the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.—INP

Australia unveil revamped T20 squad S YDNEY —Top-order batsman Shaun Marsh was recalled to Australia’s Twenty20 side Monday, joining others who impressed in the domestic Big Bash League to take on Sri Lanka later this month. Chief selector John Inverarity said Marsh was among six players in the squad who did not feature in last year ’s ICC World Twenty20 event in Sri Lanka, where Australia were beaten by the West Indies in the semi-finals. Marsh was the BBL’s highest run-scorer, finishing with 412 runs, while Finch was player of the tournament. Laughlin was the leading wicket-taker on 14, closely followed by Cutting, with 13 wickets. Australia T20 squad: George Bailey (capt), Ben Cutting, Xavier Doherty, James Faulkner, Aaron Finch, Ben Laughlin, Shaun Marsh, Glenn Maxwell, Mitchell Starc, Adam Voges, Matthew Wade, David Warner.—AFP

Safe to play Tests in Pakistan: Misbah J OHANNESBURG —Pakistan should be allowed to stage international cricket again, captain Misbah-ul-Haq said Monday as his team prepared to face top-ranked South Africa in a three-Test series. No Test series has been staged in Pakistan since armed militants attacked a bus carrying the Sri Lankan team in Lahore four years ago, killing eight locals and wounding six visiting players. “Pakistan is such a big cricketing nation and the world has to think about bringing international cricket back to the country,” the 38year-old right-hand batsman said. “A Twenty20 tournament in Pakistan saw full stadiums for every game and there were no security concerns. The people should have in-

ternational cricket,” he told a media conference. Team manager Naveed Akram Cheema backed the views of Misbah, stressing that the security situation in the country was much safer than the outside world realised. “There is a difference between perception and reality. Other teams do not come to Pakistan on the pretext of security concerns, but it is as safe as any other country in the world,” he said. Misbah said having to play ‘home’ Tests abroad — often in the United Arab Emirates cities of Dubai and Abu Dhabi — was affecting the competiveness of the team. “It is very difficult when you are not playing a format on a regular basis — you really have to work hard. You could say it is a limitation for us, but we are professionals

and have to do well. “We play only about five or six Tests a year while other countries play 15 or 16 a year. This really does affect our team,” he said ahead of the first Test from February 1 at the Wanderers in Johannesburg. Pakistan will also play Tests in Cape Town and Centurion, two Twenty 20 internationals and five oneday internationals during a tour that stretches to late March.—AFP

Defending champion Azarenka into Open quarters M E L B O U R N E —Defending champion Victoria Azarenka breezed into the Australian Open quarter-finals on Monday with an easy straightsets defeat of unseeded Russian Elena Vesnina. The top-seeded Belarusian prevailed 6-1, 6-1 on Rod Laver Arena and will meet another Russian, twotime Grand Slam winner Svetlana Kuznetsova, for a place in the last four. The world number one, who was pushed to three sets in a tough third round clash with American Jamie Hampton, was in red-hot form off the baseline, but seven double-faults blotted her performance.

“The top battles are starting now,” she said, looking ahead to her next match. “I’m really excited to be so far in the tournament again.” Vesnina, who won the Hobart International warmup tournament, has never beaten a world number one and she did not look like improving her record on Monday. Azarenka immediately broke the 47th-ranked Russian in her opening service game to pile the early pressure on. The Belarusian comfortably held before breaking Vesnina to love for a 3-0 lead with the Russian overawed and not getting in the game,

having no answers to the sizzling Azarenka forehand. She finally held serve to get a game on the board before the top seed wrapped up the set in 33 minutes. While Azarenka’s ground strokes were near faultless, her serve was wayward and this gave Vesnina a glimmer of hope, but she failed to capitalise and Azarenka broke for a 3-1 lead. There was no stopping Azarenka, who needs to defend her title to have any chance of remaining world number one with Serena Williams and Maria Sharapova breathing down her neck, as she raced to victory in less than an hour.—AFP

MELBOURNE: Victoria Azarenka of Belarus reacting following her fourth round victory over Russia’s Elena Vesnina at the Australian Open Tennis Championship.

Only contracted foreign players to benefit PSL: Sohail K A R A C H I — V a r i o u s pate in the Pakistan Super national Cricket Council cricket playing nations have launched their own brands of T20 leagues to earn money as well as to provide local players with a chance to exhibit their talent. However, Pakistan’s case is unique in this regard because along with the two mentioned facts, the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) has to confront with another daunting task of somewhat negating country’s negative impression. In Pakistan the initiative was widely appreciated however former Pakistan Captain Amir Sohail feels that the ultimate objective would only be achieved only if a reasonable number of current international players partici-

League. “The objective of the PCB is to rope in foreign players to build a strong case for the international cricket revival to Pakistan. This goal will only be achieved if contracted current players from major cricket playing countries come and play in Pakistan.”, said Amir Sohail while talking a private TV channel. “If active foreign players show up [for PSL] then the case of those reluctant to visit Pakistan would get weaker and Pakistan’s case get stronger subsequently”, adds Amir Sohail The Pakistan Cricket Board has recently announced to launch Pakistan Super T20 league, which is scheduled to commence from March 26th. Haroon Lorgat, the former CEO of the Inter-

(ICC) has been hired as the consultant for the league by the PCB. The former left-handed opener also questioned the wisdom behind the appointment of Haroon Lorgat for the PSL, adding that the non-involvement of the Federation of International Cricketers’ Association (FICA) might turnout as hindrance for the PSL. “Instead of Lorgat, the PCB should have started off by engaging the FICA in the first place. Tim May [FIFA, CEO] could play a part in the future, I am afraid”, said Amir Sohail. “Anyway now Lorgat is appointed, so let’s see how he works. I wish him all the best”, concludes Amir Sohail.—NNI


Smoke-free laws linked to drop in child asthma attacks

I

ntroducing laws banning smoking in en suffering a severe asthma attacks were closed public places can lead to swift and increasing by 2.2 percent a year, peakdramatic falls in the number of children ing at 26,969 in 2006/2007, the research-

admitted to hospital suffering asthma attacks, ers found.

according to a study in England published on Monday. Researchers at Imperial College London found there was a 12.3 percent fall in hospital admissions for childhood asthma in the first year after laws against smoking in enclosed public places and workplaces came into effect in July 2007. Similar anti-smoking legislation has been introduced in many other countries, including in the United States where it has also been linked to a reduction in childhood asthma emergencies. “The findings are good news ... and they should encourage countries where public smoking is permitted to consider introducing similar legislation,” said Christopher Millett from Imperial’s school of public health, who led the study. Asthma affects more than 300 million people worldwide and is the world’s most common children’s chronic illness. Symptoms include wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing and chest tightness. In Britain, it affects one in every 11 children. Before the ban on smoking in enclosed public spaces was implemented in England, hospital admissions for children

That trend reversed immediately after the law came into effect, with lower admission rates among boys and girls of all ages. There were similar reductions among children in wealthy and poor neighborhoods, both in cities and in rural areas. The effect was equivalent to 6,802 fewer hospital admissions in the first three years after the law came into effect, the team wrote in a study in the journal Pediatrics. “There is already evidence that eliminating smoking from public places has resulted in substantial population health benefits ... and this study shows that those benefits extend to ... childhood asthma,” Millett said in a statement. A study published in 2009 also found the ban on smoking in public places in England led to a swift and significant drop in the number of heart attacks, saving the national health service 8.4 million pounds ($13.3 million) in the first year. “Previous studies have also suggested that the smoke-free law changed people’s attitudes about exposing others to secondhand smoke and led more people to abstain from smoking voluntarily at home and in cars,” Millett said.

Senator Abdul Haseeb Khan addressing at a function, to celebrate the 93rd anniversary of Shaheed Hakim Mohammed Said was held at Bait al-Hikmah Auditorium, Madinat al-Hikmah.

Birth anniversary of Hakim Said celebrated STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—The 93rd birth anniversary of Shaheed Hakim Mohammed Said was celebrated at Bait al-Hikmah Auditorium, Madinat al-Hikmah, Speaking on the occasion, senator Abdul Haseeb Khan said that Quaid-iAzam Mohammed Ali Jinnah wanted to see Pakistan a strong and stable country and Shaheed Hakim Mohammed Said did right job in right direction to support this cause by working on education and health, because a healthy and educated nation could make its country strong and invincible. ‘Alllah Almighty says in Holy Quran that those who do work for welfare of the people will go in paradise. Hakim Said

Training for social media managers STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Marketing expert Asif Iqbal will conduct ‘Certified Social Media Manager’ here next month, starting from 4 February. Keeping in view the widespread popularity of social media, particularly among the young generation, and mushroom growth of digital advertising agencies in Pakistan in last a few years, there is an emerging demand of qualified social media experts and managers, but none of university or college in Pakistan offering professional degree in the social media or internet marketing currently. This programme has been adeptly designed in view of the increasing demand of qualified and trained workforce in both public and private business sectors of the country.

followed the ordain of Allah and did a lot of philanthropic work and dedicated every moment of his life to the service of the people and new generation in particular. So that he is hopeful that the new generation would take the country out of the prevailing circumstances’, he said adding that the people sitting in parliament were of low caliber and statesmanship and would not be able to deliver good to the nation. Sadia Rashid, President, Hamdard Foundation Pakistan while addressing the function said that after the rights of Allah then came the rights of His creature, including all living souls and the greatness of a human being was bound to the services he/she rendered to the humanity. The whole world gave respect to all

those, irrespective of their caste, race and creed, who worked for the betterment and welfare of humanity, she added. She said that Shaheed Hakim Mohammed Said always emphasized on service to humanity in his sayings. An introduction of “Young Roots Social Society”, formed by the students of Hamdard College of Science and Commerce, for the help of poor students of other schools and a report on its performance was submitted by its office bearers on the occasion. Child speakers Angabin Mushtaque, Ubaidur Rehman, Mohammed Ghufran, Umema Shahid, Nashrah Ahmed, Maryam Akbar and Alina Begg also spoke. Besides, teachers and students in alarge number attended the function.

Calendars good messengers of Japanese culture: CG OBSERVER REPORT KARACHI—The Japanese calendars were good messengers to introduce the huge variety of the aspect of Japanese culture. This was stated by Akira Ouchi, the Consul General of Japan in Karachi, on Monday. Akira mad the statement here at the Japan Information and Culture Center of the Consulate General of Japan. The Japan Information and Culture Center organized an inauguration ceremony of the Japanese Calendar Exhibition 2013 in collaboration with Pakistan Japan Cultural Association, Sindh (PJCA) and Pakistan Japan Business Forum (PJBF). The event saw Pakistani celebrity Beo Rana Zafar attending the ceremony as a chief

guest. In his inaugural address, Akira, the consul general of Japan in Karachi, said the Japanese calendars were good messengers to introduce the huge variety of the aspect of Japanese culture. He said that the visitors could also enjoy sophisticated printing technology of Japan crystallized in the calendars. At the exhibition, about 100 Japanese calendars were displayed. The calendars were categorized as art, landscape, ikebana, kimono, architecture, beauty of four seasons and so on. They portrayed Japan’s richness of traditional arts, advanced technology and natural beauty. The exhibition would be open from 21st to 25th January at the Japan Information and Culture Center.

KARACHI: MNAs, MPAs and office-bearers of PPP from Kambar-Shahdadkot district called on PPP Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari at Bilawal House.

Elected reps, PPP office-bearers brief Bilawal on uplift activities K

Mehnaz Begum laid to rest in Karachi ARACHI—Pakistan’s

promi- of genres but specialized in ing Zohar Prayer today (Mon-

KARACHI—Elected represen- nent female singer Mehnaz ghazal, thumri, dadra, khayal, day). He last resting place will tatives and office bearers of Pakistan Peoples Party from four districts of Sindh called on Chairman PPP Bilawal Bhutto Zardari separately and briefed him about the develop-ment activities in their respective areas. These districts included Qambar-Shahdadkot, Badin, Ma-tiari and Tharparker. The PPP leaders informed the PPP Chair-man about the pace of develop-ment schemes and impact of the social sector programmes in each district. They also apprised the Chairman about the political situation of each district. PPP Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari directed them to keep close con-tact with the masses and start preparations for the next general elections. He stressed that masses should be apprised about the propaganda of opponents against the party and its government. He said that PPP has provided de-velopment schemes and jobs on merit to every district and so far implemented a large portion of its election manifesto despite economic constraints and inher-ent law and order problem. PPP government delivers and fulfills its promises “, he added.—APP

Shahrukh Jatoi undergoes medical tests for age confirmation K ARACHI — The family of

Begum, who died in Bahrain on Saturday, was laid to rest here on Monday. Her funeral prayer offered after Zohar in Khairul Amal Masjid at Ancholi area. She was buried in Wadi-eHussain graveyard near Karachi Super Highway. The well-known playback singer breathed her last on Saturday after a protracted illness. She was being shifted to the United States from Bahrain for treatment when her condition worsened. Earlier she remained hospitalized in Karachi for two weeks. Born in 1958 in Karachi, Mehnaz Begum sung a variety

drupad and reciting salam, noha and marsiya. She was the daughter of celebrated sub-continental singer Kajjan Begum Legendary songstress Mehnaz Begum’s body arrived on Monday who had passed away in Bahrain on Saturday while on her way to United States for medical treatment arrived in Karachi two days after her death. A chronic patient of diabetes and asthma, Mehnaz was travelling to the US for advanced medical care, but death cut her journey short. According to sources her funeral prayer will be offered at Imam Bargah Ancholi follow-

be in Wadi-e-Hussain graveyard in Sohrab Goth, they added. Reportedly she collapsed after her condition worsened while she was waiting for her flight to US in the boarding lounge at Bahrain airport. Mehnaz, 55, was rushed to a healthcare facility in the gulf state where she breathed her last. Doctors pronounced her dead soon after. Mehnaz was the daughter of celebrated sub-continental singer Kajjan Begum.She sang over 2,500 songs for radio, television, and films in a variety of genres like ghazal, thumri, dadra, khayal, and drupad.—Online

Altaf condemns killing of two MQM workers STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—The Founder and Leader of Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM) Mr Altaf Hussain has strongly condemned the killing of Muhammad Adnan and Amir Iqbal, workers of Unit 142 of the New Karachi Sector of the MQM. He expressed his sincere sympathies to the grieving family members and said that the

sacrifices given by elected representatives and workers of the MQM would not go in vain. He said that the brutal killers would meet their deserved end one day. He prayed for Allah to bless the departed souls and give courage and patience to the family members to bear the irreparable loss. Condemning the brutal murder, the Co-ordination

Committee of the MQM called it a continuation of the evil conspiracy to undermine peace and order in Karachi. It said that certain elements were targeting elected representatives and workers of the MQM, leaders of other political parties and religious scholars in order to destabilize the country by creating a law and order situation in Karachi.

Govt believes in empowerment of women KARACHI—Senior Minister for the women and trying to provide eight feet boundary wall around Education and Literacy Pir Mazhar ul Haq has said that Sindh Education Department is bringing a law that transfers of the teachers will be done only in vacations. The purpose of this is not to disturb education of the students. This he said as chief guest here at Government Degree Girls College Metroville SITE Karachi in launching ceremony of Magazine Koonj on Monday. He said that government believed in empowerment of

transport to female teachers and students in remote areas as well as in cities.He announced that the shortage of teachers, furniture and necessary equipment would also be provided to overcome the difficulties. Provincial Minister for Education directed Director General Colleges to provide four computers to government Degree Girls College SITE Karachi. He also directed engineer education works to built

the college in order to provide safety to girls students and staff members. He said that interference in certain matters in education department had affected the performance of the department. He said illiteracy breeds ignorance while education creates peace and it is very essential that women should be empowered and community ownership should be developed in promoting education.—DNA

Shahrukh Jatoi, the prime accused of Shahzeb Khan murder case, Monday claimed that their son is under 18-year, the authorities on Monday took an x-ray and other tests of the accused to confirm his age. A police surgeon shifted Shahrukh Jatoi to civil hospital for the x-ray under strict security. Sources said that the report of the x-ray would be represented before the local anti-terror court today (Tuesday). Meanwhile investigators probing the Shahzeb Khan murder case have nominated Shahrukh Jatoi’s cousins Salman Jatoi and Asif Lund as suspects The decision was taken in light of the statements provided by eye-witnesses. Shahzeb, the young son of a police officer, was shot dead in the upscale Defence neighbourhood of Karachi on December 25 over a petty dispute. Prime suspect Shahrukh, who had slipped away from the country to evade arrest after the murder, was brought back by the police after he was deported from Dubai. He was identified as the alleged killer by the witnesses during an identification pa- KARACHI: Relatives of a man who was allegedly killed by torture of police, stage a demonstration against his death outside Mangopir Police Station. rade.—Online

PML-F to boycott next month by-polls OBSERVER REPORT KARACHI—The Pakistan Muslim-League-Functional (PMLF) has decided to boycott the bye-polls due to be held next month in the province. This was announced here by the spiritual leader of “Hur” Movement and PML-F chief Sibghatullah Shah Rashidi, best known as Pir Pagara, while addressing a briefing here at his residence called Raja House Monday. The bye-elections are scheduled to be held on the 18th of February on six seats. He said our workers and leaders do not have any black money. Pir Pgara urged all the workers to prepare for general elections. He said very soon a grand alliance would be formed comprising all parties and this alliance would actively participate in the general election. Speaking on the occasion, Secretary General PML(F) Imtiaz Ahmed Sheikh said his side was in contact with all parties and very soon seat adjustment and electoral alliance with these parties would be announced. He expressed his no confidence over the verification of electoral rolls being carried out in Karachi without the supervision of Army. Sheikh demanded that the Election Commission of Pakistan review the bye-election process in Sindh.

Administrators of Cooperative Society appointed STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—The provincial cooperative department has appointed Munawar Sultan as administrator of M/s Saudagran Cooperative Housing Society, with immediate effect. Further, Saeed Ahmed Siddiqui has taken the helm of M/s Shamsi Cooperative Housing Society as an administrator with immediate effect. The two officials would perform the duties of the managing committees of their respective societies, subject to the condition imposed by the department.


Fewer children admitted to hospital for drowning incidents

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ROWNING is one of the leading causes of child mortality nearly 1,100 deaths per year of children aged 1 to 19 years in the United States. For that reason, it has been a target of local and state governments for some time. Public information campaigns and drives for fencing around private swimming pools, use of proper life vests as well as other provisions, such as “safe” swim areas in beaches and parks that are patrolled and monitored by life guards, have been part of their efforts. Florida, Hawaii and Alaska have the highest rates of drowning incidents, and 2009 figures cite Florida with a shocking fatality rate of 8 deaths per 100,000 in the age 1 to 4 category. It is good news then that figures published in Pediatrics, The Official Journal of the American Academy of Perdiatrics, show a large decline in hospital admissions for drowning incidents over the last sixteen years. Around half the number of children were hospitalized in 2008 compared to 1993. The figures show nearly 3,700 admissions of children 19 and under in 1993 versus fewer than 1800 in 2008. By comparison to Florida’s numbers, this means a drop from 4.2 per 100,000 children, down to 2.4 per 100,000 in more recent years. The south and western states appear to be the ones deserving credit, with their figures de-

clining rapidly, although still having more incidents than the Northeast and Midwest states. Comparisons are not entirely fair though, since those living in sunnier, warmer climates like southern California and Florida are likely to be in and around the water year round, whilst cold winters and chillier summers, especially in the northeast, mean children find other activities in certain states. Stephen Bowman, from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, who led the study said : “I think there have been some very good efforts...to try to educate parents on the importance of helping to prevent drowning at all points in childhood development.” Along with education and public awareness, technology and safety standards have improved since 1993 and parents are more likely to find full life vests for their children in their local supermarket, than they might have been ten, twenty years ago. It’s also becoming less common to find children that never learned to swim and parents that are ignorant of drowning risks, which could in part be attributed to the Internet and the information age that we now live in. Researchers estimated that the number of kids who died after being hospitalized dropped from approximately 359 in 1993 to 207 in 2008.

YDA strike continues STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Patients continued to suffer as Young Doctors Association’s (YDA) strike on Monday entered sixth day across Punjab. The doctors boycotted outdoor patient departments (OPDs) and established camps outside hospitals to attend the patients. According to Punjab government, YDA president is involved in torture of Gujranwala hospital’s MS, therefore, legal action would be taken against him. The protesting doctors have demanded of the government to free the arrested doctors and withdraw transfer orders. The Punjab government’s action against striking doctors continued and suspension orders were issued against three doctors. Moreover, the provincial government has also LAHORE: Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif inspecting Metro Bus Project during his visit. authorised hospital administrations to take action against doctors causing obstruction to daily routine operations. The Health Department warned that protesting doctors who were attending the patients in the camps would be considered absent from their duties.

PML-N fulfilling dream of homes to poor in Punjab: Shahbaz

2 LDA officials dismissed L AHORE —Director General Lahore Development Authority Ahad Khan Cheema has dismissed two officials on account of their involvement in preparation of bogus property file of Mustafa Town, forged exemption and illegal transfer of plot in the scheme. According to LDA officials, the dismissed officials include Muhammad Anwar, Staff Officer and Khalid Iqbal, Senior Accountant. They had been proceeded against under Punjab Employees Efficiency, Discipline and Accountability Act 2006 and they failed to submit their reply to the show cause notice.—APP

LAHORE: PU VC Prof Mujahid Kamran with newly elected body and members of Lahore Education Reporters Association after lunch hosted in their honour.

‘Govt taking effective measures to stop spread of measles’ L AHORE—Special Assistant to Chief Minister Punjab for Health Khawaja Salman Rafique has said that with regard to measles outbreak, the situation in Punjab is not like that prevailing in the Sindh province. He expressed these views while talking to media representatives after a high level meeting to reviewing measles situation prevailing in the province. The meeting was attended by Secretary Health Punjab Arif Nadeem, Director General Health Punjab Dr. Nisar Ahmed Cheema, Director EPI Dr. Tanvir Hussain, Additional Director General Health Vector Born Disease, Dr. Jaffar Ilyas, Dr. Babar Alam of WHO, Mushtaq Rana of UNICEF, Prof. Tahir Masood of Dean Institute of Child Health/Children Hospital, Prof. Dr. Ashraf Sultan professor of Pediatrics of King

Sahibzada Sialvi meets Shahbaz

Edward University, Prof. Tariq Bhutta, Dr. Akhtar Rashid Malik Provincial Coordinator of Lady Health Worker Programme as well as concerned officers of Health Department. However, the Special Assistant pointed out that Punjab government has taken all necessary effective steps to ensure medical care of patients and to stop further spread of the disease. He said mop up campaign in the affected areas, in accordance with the guideline of World Health Organization (WHO) is continuing in the areas from where measles cases are being reported. He said that under this campaign, preventive vaccination is being carried out for children belonging to age groups of six months to ten years. Khawaja Salman Rafique informed that it has been decided to launched an effective

social mobilization campaign through media in order apprise parents about the importance of preventive vaccination against measles for their children. He said at the district level, DCOs are being given the responsibility of surveillance of measles disease, preventive vaccination of children and monitoring of case reporting, and, in this connation, Secretary Health Arif Nadeem is approaching the Chief Secretary Punjab. Khawaja Salman Rafique further informed that routine immunization is being made more effective to ensure the eradication of measles virus among the children. He said that as many as 1476 measles cases have been reported during the current year in Punjab, whereas seven suspected deaths have occurred, one each at Gujranwala and Kasur, while five have been reported at Rajanpur.—Online

VC PU stresses preservation of calligraphy STAFF REPORTER

LAHORE—The Lahore High

L AHORE —Sajjada Nasheen Sial Sharif Sahibzada Hameedud-Din Sialvi, Members Assembly Ghulam Bibi Bharwana, Ghulam Nazim-udDin Sialvi and Iftikhar Khan Baloach met Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif at Model Town today. They offered condolences to the Chief Minister on the death of his younger brother Abbas Sharif and offered fateha for the departed soul.

Court on Monday extended ban on the sale of Tyno cough syrup and adjourned the hearing till February 4 after federal and provincial law officers sought time to file reply. Justice Sh Najam ul Hasan passed the orders on petitions filed by Judicial Activism Panel, a public interest litigation firm, and others seeking directions for judicial inquiry into deaths caused by Tyno cough syrup.

The petitioner, in his petition, submitted that the facts regarding deaths caused by Tyno syrup in November could not be brought forth and government also failed to take appropriate measures. He mentioned that recently more than 30 persons expired in Gujranawala due to use of toxic cough syrups and their was every possibility of more deaths. He submitted that if sale of medicine was not stopped, it would lead to deaths on a massive scale..—APP

L AHORE —Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that the Pakistan Muslim LeagueN government is fulfilling the dream of the poor of having their own house, by giving proprietary rights to the dwellers of Katchi Abadies throughout the province. He said Punjab government has taken a historic and revolutionary step by granting proprietary rights to the residents of Katchi Abadies. He informed that the process of distribution of proprietary certificates would soon be initiated among the residents of Katchi Abadies. He said proprietary rights of more than three lakhs residential units in urban and rural Katchi Abadies are being awarded in the province and over 22 lakh persons would benefit from this revolutionary step taken by Punjab government. He said, under the new policy of the provincial government, husband and wife, both, would have collective proprietary rights and, for the first time

in the history, women have been made equal partner in ownership. He was presiding over a high level meeting which reviewed in detail the process of distribution of certificates of proprietary rights among the residents of Katchi Abadies at Model Town, here Monday. Deputy Speaker Punjab Assembly Rana Mashhood Ahmad Khan, Members Assembly, Rana Muhammad Afzal Khan, Hafiz Mian Muhammad Nauman, Khawaja Imran Nazir, Mukhtar Ahmad Bharth, Atif Mazari, Allah Rakha, Chairman Planning & Development, Senior Member Board of Revenue, Secretaries of Housing, Finance, Law, Commissioner Lahore Division, District Coordination Officer Lahore, Director General Katchi Abadies and other officers were present. Addressing the meeting, Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that no fee is being charged from widows and orphans for the proprietary rights in Katchi Abadies, while from the rest, just a nominal fee of Rs.172 per

Marla is being charged. He said it is for the first time in the history that proprietary rights are being granted to the residents of rural Katchi Abadies along with the urban ones. He said Punjab government has diverted national resources towards the betterment of highly downtrodden segment of the society, which is a step in the right direction, thus fulfilling the dream of the residents of Katchi Abadies of having their own house. He said the government of PML-N has always taken effective steps for progress and prosperity of low-income people and distribution of proprietary rights to the dwellers of Katchi Abadies, throughout the province, is a part of that policy. The Chief Minister said that the survey of all districts of the province with regard to granting of proprietary rights has been completed whereas this scheme would be applicable to all those Katchi Abadies, which were established before 31st December 2011. He said, under this

L AHORE —Punjab University Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Mujahid Kamran has stressed the need to preserve art of calligraphy and urged the authorities concerned to take steps for promotion of the traditional art. He was addressing the certificate distribution ceremony at Senate Hall, Old Campus where certificates were distributed among the organizers of PU’s first-ever calligraphy conference “Sarire-Khama: the Art of Pen” held in December. PUCAD Principal Prof Dr Rahat Naveed Masood, General Secretary Pakistan Calligraphy Association Irfan Qureshi, faculty members, employees and a large number of students were present on the occasion. Admiring the services LAHORE: A large number of mourners attending the Chup Tazia procession at Islam of the college principal, Dr Pura. Kamran said that the college was being ignored since 40 years but its current leadership had taken it to new heights by taking initiatives and organizing creative and healthy activities. “Wi-Fi” to facilitate re- brary in Pakistan with STAFF REPORTER searchers, teachers and 550,000 rare books and L AHORE —More than hun- s t u d e n t s . special collections. They further informed He said that it had now dreds students of Balochistan and Peshawar that on the special directive become a real centre of Universities including girl of VC PU Prof Dr.Mujahid learning for teachers, stuL AHORE —Lahore Arts students along with their Karman, entire data of dents, researchers and Council will arrange a Naatia teachers on Monday vis- books had been uploaded scholars. Mushaira in connection with ited the main electronic li- on its website He said that all latest Eid Milad un Nabi (PBUH) brary of the Punjab Univer- “ w w w. p u l i b r a r y. e d u . p k ” facilities of IT, Internet and here on January 28 during its sity, the largest in the coun- for users worldwide. He website were available to Alhamra Adbi Baithak. try with a collection of over said that all researchers users without any discrimiProminent poet Mashkoor 550,000 books. could use their personal nation. Hussain Yaad will preside Chief Librarian said, Jointly briefing the visi- laptops and varsity laptops over the event while Najeeb tors, PU Chief Librarian by using the free latest “We have rare collection Ahmad, Ajmal Niazi, Ali Chaudhry Muhammad technology of Wi-Fi sys- and volumes of books and Asghar Abbas, Dr Sugra Hanif and Haseeb Ahmad, tem on the library premises scripts which have been Sadaf, Sofia Baidar, Rahat Deputy Chief Librarian told which, they added, is a saved”. Zahid, Islam Uzmi, Shaheen them the centrally air-con- good addition and special He said reference Abbas, Shazia Noreen and ditioned library has now facility to researchers. books were also available others will present their po- been equipped with the latHe said that it was also on all subjects for indoor etry on the occasion.—APP est information technology the largest electronic li- s t u d y.

Naatia mushaira LHC extends ban on on Jan 28 sale of Tyno cough syrup

STAFF REPORTER

SALIM AHMED

Balochistan, Peshawar universities students visit PU

scheme, proprietary rights, worth over 35 thousand acre land, would be awarded to the deserving persons. He said the poor would get their due rights under this process, who will not only be given proprietary right but development works would also be undertaken in order to provide them best civic amenities. The Chief Minister directed Commissioners and DCOs to take strict action against those submitting fake documents regarding Katchi Abadies. The Chief Minister constituted a committee, under the chairmanship of Deputy Speaker Punjab Assembly Rana Mashhood Ahmad Khan, for awarding of proprietary rights, which would submit its report within three days. He further directed that the process of distribution of proprietary right certificates among the residents of Kutchi Abadies should be initiated without any delay. Senior Member Board of Revenue and DG Katchi Abadies gave a detailed briefing to the Chief Minister.

Punjab govt sets up free Youth Helpline STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Punjab government has set up a ‘Youth Helpline’ with the aim to provide career counselling as well as authentic solution to problems faced by younger people with regards their career, health, psychological issues etc faced in day to day life. The facilitation can be availed by dialling toll free number0800-12145 as the service would be available from 9 am to 5 pm daily, seven days a week. According to a hand out issued here Monday, this initiative has the joint work by Punjab youth affairs, sports department, department of archaeology and museums and NGO Plan international.


ep-jan 22, 2013  

ep-jan 22, 2013

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