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Six militants die in Khyber Agency shelling BARA—At least six militants

Malik fears terror attacks

were killed and five others injured in security forces shelling on suspected hideouts of extremists here on Sunday. According to details, the security forces targeted the suspected hideouts of militants in Tirah Valley of Khyber Agency with jet planes. One hideout of the militants was destroyed in the shelling resulting in death of six militants STAFF REPORTER and five others left injured.— INP ISLAMABAD—Mobile services in the country can be shutdown at any point unexpectedly on the occasion of Eidul Fitr, Interior Minister Rehman Malik stated on Sunday. NAWABSHAH—Former Member Punjab Assembly (MPA) Rahim Bux Jamali narrowly escaped in attempt on life on Sunday. According to details, unknown armed men sitting in LAHORE: Designs with Hina are being carved on the hand of a girl on Chand Raat. ambush attacked Rahim Bux Jamali as soon as he entered the mosque of Nawabshah Housing Society. However, he survived in the attack with serious wounds and was rushed to nearby hospital. Police said that the attack seems to be outcome of personal PESHAWAR/ABBOTTABAD— of the provincial administration number of the people including enmity as he was in dispute over Federal Minister for Railways land ownership with the peasEid-ul-Fitr was officially cel- were present in the prayer. The Governor, Barrister and ANP leader Haji Ghulam ants of the area.—INP ebrated in major parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa including provin- Masud Kausar would celebrate Ahmed Bilour. Special prayer cial capital Peshawar, all the Eidul Fitr today (Monday) was offered for integrity and seven tribal agencies and six alongwith the federal govern- solidarity of the country on the frontier regions on Sunday as the ment. People in Hazara have occasion. In Peshawar, Eid-ul-Fitr unofficial Zonal Ruet e Hilal also decided to celebrate Eidul Committee Saturday night after Fitr on Monday as per decision prayer was offered in over 200 M IRANSHAH —At least five receiving 20 evidences about of the Ruet-i-Hilal Committee, mosques. Except the cantonQUETTA—A major tragedy persons were killed and three completely ignoring the decision ment areas, the Eid was celsighting of Shawwal moons, was averted on Sunday as announced observance of Eid- of the Provincial government. ebrated in every nook and cor- ROSTOV-ON-DON (Russia)— reported injured when a US unexplosive materials were The central Eid congrega- ner of the provincial capital. Investigators say a suicide manned drone fired missiles on recovered near Kolpur railway ul-Fitr. tion was held at Eidgah where Reports from other parts of bomber blew himself up at the two vehicles here on early SunChief Minister Ameer station in the district Bolan of Haider Khan Hoti offered Eid Provincial Khateeb Maulana the province said Eid was cel- funeral for a policeman in south- day morning, the second in as Balochistan. Roohullah Madni led the prayer. ebrated in Mardan, Charsadda, ern Russia, killing at least seven many days. Bomb disposal squad was prayer at CM Secretariat in Eid prayer was attended by large According to details, a piother policemen and badly Peshawar. High ranking officials Continued on Page 7 immediately called for defusing lotless US drone targeted two wounding 12 others. the explosives. The funeral was being held vehicles stated to be carrying at the home of an officer who miscreants in village Garbaz, Continued on Page 7 had been shot dead the night tehsil Shawal of Miranshah, before by militants in the tribal headquarters of Ingushetia, one of the predominantly Muslim republics in The offices of Pakistan Russia’s restive North Caucasus Observer will remain closed today and tomorrow (August NEW DELHI/ISLAMABAD— technical and intelligence-re- of rumours of imminent attacks region. The attack took place Sun20 and 21) on account of Eid- Pakistan on Sunday rejected In- lated evidence with it that sug- on northeastern people for the day morning as Muslims in Rusul-Fitr. Therefore, there will be dian charges that morphed pic- gests that a new media “hate killings of Muslims in Assam sia and around the world preno issue of Pakistan Observer tures of Assam and Myanmar campaign” was launched from originated in Pakistan. pared for the feast that celebrates on August 21 and 22. Responding to Indian alle- the end of the holy month of violence which sparked an exo- Pakistan this past week that led dus of northeastern citizens from to people of northeast origin liv- gations Foreign Office spokes- Ramadan.—Agencies other states originated in Paki- ing in different parts of India to man Moazzam Khan said New stan and asked New Delhi to act flee back to various northeast- Delhi needed to prove that 17.0 ern states. people from Pakistan were reresponsibly. Home Secretary RK Singh sponsible for fanning the exoIndian Government has reportedly said that it has enough said on Saturday that the bulk Continued on Page 7

Mobile services can be shutdown

Two brothers of Kamra suicider arrested

Ex-MPA escapes attempt on life

While speaking to the media in Islamabad, Malik said that there exist terror threats during these Eid holidays due to which mobile services could be closed down. He said that it cannot be determined at what specific time this could happen at, but

apologised to the people for any inconvenience this could cause. He said that these threats exist in certain areas of Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan and the law enforcement agencies have been notified. He said that no lapse of

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Eid being celebrated today: Partly celebrated in KP, Fata

Suicide bomber kills 7 Russian policemen

Explosives recovered

India’s northeast exodus charges

Pak tells India to act responsibly

Karzai, Panetta discuss ‘insider strikes’

Zardari takes notice of arrest of minor Christian girl

ISLAMABAD—President Asif WASHINGTON—US Defense ference call between the two Ali Zardari has taken serious Secretary Leon Panetta called President Hamid Karzai and discussed with him the progress in war against terrorism and the security transition from international forces to their Afghan counterparts “Secretary Panetta and President Karzai talked by to discuss the war in Afghanistan. The Secretary highlighted the significant progress that has been made by American and Afghan forces as the transition process moves forward,” the Pentagon Press Secretary, George Little, said after the con-

leaders. Panetta and Karzai also discussed the challenge of insider attacks against coalition and Afghan forces. The Defense Secretary thanked the Afghan leader for his recent statements condemning such attacks. “They shared concern over this issue and agreed that American and Afghan officials should work even more closely to minimise the potential for insider attacks in the future,” he said. “Secretary Panetta encouraged President Karzai to

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note of the report of the arrest of a minor Christian girl in Islamabad on the charges of blasphemy and called for a report from the Interior Ministry. According to reports a minor Christian girl named Ramsha, 11, resident of Hameeraabad in Sector G-8, was arrested and sent to jail allegedly for desecrating pages from the Quran. Some reports, however, also said that the girl was burning used papers collected from the garbage for cooking when some-

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Muslim unity driving force for global peace: King Abdullah MAKKAH—Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz AlSaud and Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud deputy premier and minister of defence, have called upon the Muslim nation to stand united to strengthen global peace and stability. In their joint Eid-ul-Fitr message, the king and crown

prince also urged Muslims to show mercy toward the poor and weak and engage in righteous activities, taking inspiration from the holy month of Ramazan. “Allah has made it easy for the leaders of Muslim countries to hold their solidarity summit to protect the Ummah’s unity, prevent its division and avoid further bloodbath,” the message

said about the emergency Islamic summit that was held in Makkah on Aug. 14-15. “We pray to the Almighty that He may protect the Muslim nation’s security and stability, guide its leaders to work for the betterment of their societies and fulfill their trust,” said the message that was read out on Saudi Television by

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for Five killed in NWA Musharraf polls under drone attack armed forces North Waziristan Agency (NWA). As a result of missile attack both the vehicles were destroyed killing five persons on the spot while three were left injured. Drones continued low level flights in the area creating panic and sense of fright among the dwellers. It should be mentioned that it was second US drone attack on second consecutive day taking the total death toll seventeen.—INP

DUBAI—Former President of Pakistan, General (Retd.) Pervez Musharraf has asked the Chief Election Commissioner to conduct next general elections in the supervision of the armed forces. Addressing Iftar dinner from Catholic Club to Dubai via video link, Pervez Musharraf was of the view that fair and Continued on Page 7


Zardari, Raja stress nation to remember poor, needy on Eid ISLAMABAD —President Asif Ali Zardari has felicitated the nation on the occasion of Eidul Fitr. In his message to the nation, the President said: “Thanks to Allah Almighty, Who granted with us an opportunity to celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr. I extend my heartiest greetings to the entire nation on this festive occasion. Eid-ul-Fitr is a day that concludes the blessed month of Ramazan, marking it with a note of thankfulness. To express gratitude before Allah Almighty, we need to spend our lives in line with His true, glowing and balanced teachings. This is the righteous way that leads to attainment of success in the life here and hereafter, and makes one’s self get closer to Allah Almighty.

Dear countrymen, we can feel the real happiness of Eid only when we join our poor relatives, neighbours and needy brothers and sisters on this occasion. This is only possible by shaping our lives in accordance with the golden principles of Islam and shun hatred, animosity, greed and malice. Moreover, we need to promote in our ranks love and affinity, tolerance, generosity and endurance. By following these ethical standards, a society can be reformed which is truly in line with the aspirations of Islam. “We should keep in mind that incidents of sectarianism and violence like the recent attack on the passenger buses in Lulusar (Gilgit Baltistan) are completely against the teachings of Is-

lam. Similarly the terrorist attempts in Kamra which were foiled by the courage and valour of our armed forces, clearly violate the spirit of Islam. We have to reject the negative propaganda of misguided forces by promoting the great Islamic teachings. A society developed on these lines will be helpful in resolving our problems. I pray that may Allah Almighty bless us with real pleasure and bliss of Eid. Amen,” the message said. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf has congratulated the nation on the eve of Eid-ul-Fitr. “On the blessed occasion of Eid-ulFitr, I extend my heartiest felicitations to the people of Pakistan, Muslim world, and overseas Pakistanis. We

should thank Allah Almighty setting aside their internal He said Eid enjoins ber the less privileged, desti- society and share our joys for blessing us with an oppor- differences, the PM added. teaches upon us to remem- tute and poor segments of with them.—NNI tunity to fast in this holy month of Ramadan,” the Prime Minister said in his message. The Prime Minister said, Eid-ul-Fitr is a reward bestowed by Allah Almighty on the Muslims for fasting during the holy month of Ramadan. Muslims fast to win favour of Allah and express their gratitude and happiness on Eid-ul-Fitr on the successful fulfilment of this religious duty. Eid-ul-Fitr is a manifestation of the sublime values of Islam, which foster piety, selflessness, sacrifice, brotherhood and empathy among the Muslims. On this day, the Muslims reiterate their pledge to strengthen their relationship of brotherhood, love and tolerance by

QUETTA: Women busy in Eid-ul-Fitr shopping at a local market.

All main rivers flowing normal ISLAMABAD—All main rivers including Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej are flowing normal. According to Federal Flood Commission here on Sunday, Tarbela and Mangla Dams are at elevations of 1439.68 feet and 1169.05 feet respectively, which are 60.32 feet and 72.95 feet below their respective Maximum Conservation Levels of 1550.00 feet and 1242.00 feet. Today’s combined live storage position of Tarbela, Chashma and Mangla reservoirs is 6.312 MAF as compared to last year’s 10.592 MAF. According to Floor Fore-

casting Division (FFD), Lahore, Yesterday’s Monsoon Low over Northwestern Bay of Bengal today lies over Eastern Chattisgarh (India). Seasonal Low lies over Northwestern Balochistan. Yesterday’s Westerly Wave over Northwestern Iran today lies over Northern Iran. Monsoon current is penetrating into Kashmir and adjoining areas upto 4000 feet. The weather system is being closely monitored by the Pakistan Meteorological Department. As predicated by the Flood Forecasting Division (FFD), Lahore, scattered

thunderstorm/rain with isolated heavy falls is expected over Kashmir, Northern and Northeastern Punjab (Rawalpindi, Gujranwala and Lahore Division) and upper catchments of Rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej during the next 24 hours, isolated thunderstorm/ rain may also occur over Sargodha Division during the same period. No significant rainfall event has been reported by FFD, Lahore during the past 24 hours. All concerned are being kept informed by the Flood Warning Centre, lahore on round the clock basis.—APP

Security plan for Eid-ul-Fitr devised Larkana: Special security OUR CORRESPONDENTS people. In this connection, volunteers organizations arrangements have been F AISALABAD \L ARKANA — have also been requested to made for Eid prayers in District police have issued security plan to beef up security in order to avert any untoward incident on Eid-ul-Fitr. A spokesman of the police department told that police employees would be deputed at all Eid congregation sites at least 3 hours before Eid prayers while a separate parking site would also be set up for vehicle at appropriate distance from the Eid gathering. He told that special arrangements would also be made around the worship places in addition to installing walkthrough gates for the proper checking of

help and a vigilant eye would also be kept on all suspect persons and vehicles. He told that bomb disposal squad would also remain alert to check the suspect items while security persons would also perform duties at the rooftops of the buildings situated nearer the sensitive Eid congregation sites. He told that Close Circuit Television (CCTV) Cameras have also been arranged around the important Eid congregations while security plan remain active till the complete culmination and dispersion of people.

Larkana, KamberShahdadkot, Shikarpur, Jacobabad and Kashmore Kandhkot districts of Larkana division. An official spokesman told that more than 40 mosques, Eid gahs and Imam Bargahs had been pinpointed as “sensitive” places in these towns, and extra security personnel will be deployed their during Eid prayers. He informed that SSPs of these districts had already canceled the leaves of police personnel and directed them to join duries at their respective police stations.

Isolated shower, thundershower likely: Met office I SLAMABAD —Isolated rain and thundershower is likely in Rawalpindi, Lahore, Gujranwala, Hazara divisions, Kashmir and its adjoining hilly areas on Sunday

evening and night. Monsoon currents are penetrating in upper and central parts of the country, Met office said, adding, according to synoptic situation, seasonal low lies engulfed Balochistan with its trough extending eastwards. Weather will remain cloudy with chances of rain or thundershower during evening and night in upper parts of the country. However, mainly hot and humid weather is expected in most parts of the country during next 24 hours.—APP

Bid to blow up Jaffar Express foiled OUR CORRESPONDENT

QUETTA —Law enforcement agencies foiled a bid to blow up Rawalpindi bound train Jaffar Express on Sunday. Police said after leaving Quetta, Jaffar Express was on its way when the driver of the locomotive saw a suspected item rigged to the railway track near Kolpur. “The driver stopped the train and informed the Pakistan Railway officials,” police said adding that a team of bomb disposal squad reached the site. After examination, it was revealed that the suspicious item was Improvised Explosive Devise fitted with the railway track to carry out a blast when train pass by the area. The bomb disposal squad defused it. The law enforcement agencies have cordoned off the entire area to trace out the suspects. Police said the saboteurs wanted to perpetrate massive destruction one day before Eid celebrations. Further probe was unHYDERABAD:A police official investigating a suspected woman at Eid Bazaar at Latifabad. der process.


Humanitarian Day observed

Failure Nazir Siyal

L A R K A N A —Chairperson Pakistan Peoples Party PPP (Shaheed Bhutto) Ghinwa Bhutto has said that present government over four years proved a corrupt and failed to address the common men but only threats to the minorities leaving Pakistan. This she said while addressing the public Iftar gathering at Al-Murtaza House Larkana. Ghinwa Bhutto said there is public resistance is vital due to the failure of government, which led to the destrucdtion of every institution, added that increasing poverty, unemployment, laodshedding, lawlessness and criminal activities are on rise in country she said. She said we need new faces now to fight for the change of system in country, a new sincere leadership come ahead to take step for a revolution by election process, because elected representatives became a criminals, they have loot and plunders of the wealth of country she said. She stressed the country men and party to stand for the rights of downtrodden people, added that the cooutry passing through a critical stage and numberious challenges of shortage of electricity, Gas, and other issues. She said their party will fight against unrest and they will protect all the sections of society when succeeded in election she told. She said their prime objective to protect the Hindus, Sikh, Christians and other sections of the society.

Inaugurates Our Correspondent

NAWABSHAH—MNA Faryal Talpur inaugurated the dualization of Nawabshah-Qazi Ahmed Road connecting Nawabshah with Motorway, constructed at a cost of Rs.20 million. Addressing on the occasion Faryal Talpur said that the mission of Shaheed Benazir Bhutto would continue in its true spirit. She said that PPP government has spread net of development works through out the District Benazir Abad. She said that opponent should wait as the elections would be held at scheduled time. She was optimistic that PPP would against sweep in the coming general election. Faryal Talpur said that Hindu community would not be set alone and they would be provided every possible protection, adding that President Asif Ali Zaradri has taken serious notice of the issue and a high level committee is working to resolve the issues related to Hindu community. Our correspondent from Larkana earlier reported that mega projects among drainage scheme and roads have been ruined due to heavy severage water accumulate all around at residence of Speaker Sindh Assembly, DC, DIG and SSP Offices and Shahnawaz Bhutto Laibrary for couple of days. Siminlarly, the residentinal and commercial areas of Rehmat Pur, Nazar Muhalla and Railway station colonies are inundated due to the severage water pipeline burst at different locations of Larkana city.

Enquires Our Correspondent

S IALKOT —Federal Minister for National Regulation and Services Dr Firdous Ashiq Awan enquired after people who were injured in unprovoked firing by Indian Border Security Force on villages situated along the Sialkot Working Boundary. According to Press Information Department, the minister presented bouquets to the injured while visiting the CMH here and prayed for early recovery of the victims. Dr Firdous condemned the Indian aggression and said India was violating international agreements after heavy shelling on innocent civilians along the Sialkot Working Boundary. She said it was a conspiracy against the sovereignty and independence of Pakistan. India must offer an apology on the firing incidents, she added. The minister said Chenab Rangers and the Pakistan Army were fully alert to save life and property of people living along the border, adding the security forces of Pakistan with the support of people would foil Indian nefarious designs. Dr Firdous said the PPP-led government was taking all possible measures to provide basic facilities of life to people living along the Sialkot Working Boundary. Earlier, Dr Firdous Awan also visited the village affected by firing of Indian force. The serious breach of the ceasefire agreed by the two countries in 2003 is really enigmatic as violations take place at a time when efforts for détente are being made. The two countries have resumed dialogue and several rounds on different subjects have already been held in a bid to normalize bilateral relations. It is also important to note that there appears to be a change of heart in Pakistan as more and more people are supporting the process of dialogue.

STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —World Humanitarian Day 2012 was observed on Sunday (August 19) across the globe including Pakistan with the theme ‘I Was Here.’ It is a time to recognize those who face danger and adversity in order to help others and aiming for people to spread a message of support and to increase public awareness about humanitarian assistance activities worldwide and the importance of international cooperation. The day was designated by the General Assembly to coincide with the Anniversary of the 2003 bombing of the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad‚ Iraq‚ which killed 22 UN staff. Every day humanitarian aid workers help millions of people around the world‚ re-

gardless of who they are and where they are. World Humanitarian Day is a global celebration of people helping people. Many communities and organizations try to increase the importance of humanitarians by distributing publicity and information material. The total number of people affected by natural disasters has risen over the past decade‚ and about 211 million people are directly affected each year. Women and children are especially affected because of their ongoing struggles with poverty‚ insecurity‚ hunger‚ poor health and environmental decline. The day was designated by the General Assembly to coincide with the anniversary of the 2003 bombing of the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq, which killed 22 UN staff. ATTOCK: People travelling toward their native cities to celebrate Eid with their loved ones.

Int’l forces eyeing US$ 500b 3 shoot dead over enmity, three die in road accident Rekodeq reserves: Hashmi OUR CORRESPONDENTS

OUR CORRESPONDENT Q UETTA —World

forces have been eyeing on gold and copper reserves of Rekodeq worth over US$ 500 billion and due to their greed, they have been damaging the peace of Balochistan. This was said by Pakistan Muslim League-Q leader Salma Hashmi while talking to media persons here on Sunday. “Keeping in view geopolitical position of Balochistan in the region and its gold and copper reserves, some international forces are interfering into its matters indirectly,” she said and added that the role of external forces in deteriorating law and order situation of Balochistan could not be ignored. She said on one hand Balochistan had borders

with Iran and Afghanistan besides lying on Arabian sea where world traffic pass by and on the other it was rich in natural resources, including gold, silver, copper, oil, gas, chromites, iron, coal, precious gems and many others. Ms. Hashmi was of the view that some external forces were behind the unrest and poor peace situation of Balochistan. She urged the external elements to avoid interfering into the affairs of Balochistan. She underlined the need to resolve the Balochistan issue through dialogue. She, however, urged the federal government to take the Pakistan Army on board in talks with the Baloch nationalists. Referring to enthusiasm of the youth during the recent Independence Day celebrations, she said, “It was first

time after few years gap, that thousands of youths came out of their houses and thronged the city roads and streets to express their happiness and enjoyment on August 14.” She said the people of all nationalities living in Balochistan, including Baloch, Pashtoon, Hazara, Sindhi and Seraiki, were loyal to Pakistan like those of other provinces. She, however, lamented that some hidden hands were hatching conspiracies to spread sectarian hatred among the people in order to damage peace of the province. She urged the Federal Cabinet’s Parliamentary Committee on Balochistan to take on board leaders of all nationalities of Balochistan instead only holding meetings with government officials. She reiterated that being

a significant and important stakeholder, the Pakistan Army must be included in the dialogue process and other measures being taken to secure peace in Balochistan. She appreciated the incumbent government for providing record funds to Balochistan with increase in its share in 7th National Finance Commission (NFC) Award, gas surcharge, 50 percent share in income from all natural resources, including gas and oil and giving control of Gwadar deep sear port and Rekodeq gold and copper project to the provincial government. She said now the ball was in the court of the provincial government to remove sense of deprivation among the people of Balochistan, besides resolving their legitimate problems at their doorsteps.

against Ruet-e-Hilal system Case electrician needs rectification: Fazl killers registered B K TAHIR

DERA ISMAIL KHAN—JUI- tee of Dera Ismail Khan also be celebrated on Monday, B AHAWALPUR —Police StaF Chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman has said that the system of Ruet-e-Hilal was not satisfactory and needed to be rectified. Talking to a private television channel after offering Eid prayers at native village Abdul Khel in Dera Ismail Khan, Maulana said the whole system of Ruet-e-Hilal should be changed for which legislation was required, adding that the committee should be strengthened so that the system was highly organized. It is added that Eidul Fitr was celebrated in most parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa including Peshawar, the adjacent tribal areas and a few districts of Balochistan on Sunday. Ruet-e-Hilal commit-

changed its decision after being pressed by administration and announced to celebrate Eid on Sunday. Maulana Fazlur Rehman offered Eid prayer in Dera Ismail Khan. In Balochistan, Eid was celebrated in parts of Chaman, Zhob, Qila Abdullah, Gulistan. The Zonal Moon Sighting Committee of KPK proposed the provincial government for announcement of celebrating Eid-ul-Fitr on Sunday (today) after rejecting Central Ruate-Hilal Committee’s announcement. The Central Ruat-e-Hilal Committee announced last night that Shawwal moon was not seen anywhere so Eid-ul-Fitr will

August 20. The provincial government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa approved proposal of the Zonal Moon Sighting Committee and announced to celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr on Sunday (today) across the province. Most parts of the KPK province are celebrating Eid-ul-Fitr today but Hazara Division is not celebrating it, following announcement of Hazara Sooba Tehrik chief Baba Haider Zaman that they will celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr on Monday, according to the declaration of Central Ruat-e-Hilal Committee. Eid-ul-Fitr is being celebrated in most parts of the KPK including Peshawar, Kohat, Bannu, Kark.—NNI

tion Kotwali, Bahawalpur registered a murder case against Sheikh Muhammad Abbas, local PTI leader and former president chamber of commerce and industries, his brother Dr. Muhammad Aslam Sheikh and Abdul Waheed, ASI Kotwali Police Station. According to details Dr. Muhammad Aslam Sheikh and company provides money on ten percent profit. The deceased electrician, Khawar, also borrow money at interest. When Shoukat, electrician, failed to return money Dr. Muhammad Aslam recovered electric material amounting to Rs. 15,000,00/(fifteen lacs) from his shop and submitted an application to Abdul Waheed.

HAFIZABAD\TANDOALLAYAR— Armed men gunned down three people including a couple and their son over old rivalry here on Sunday. According to details, armed assailants barged into a house located in village Wangy of Hafizabad and opened indiscriminate fire at the residents sleeping in the house. As a result of firing three persons including a couple and their son were killed on the spot. The miscreants fled the scene after committing triple murder. Police said that the incident is outcome of old enmity, a case has been registered against killers and a hunt for the assasins was underway. Tando Allayar: At least

three persons were killed and 15 others including women and children were injured when a passenger coaster turned turtle here on Sunday. According to details, a Tando Allayar bound passenger coaster coming from Hyderabad overturned near Kairiyashakh area of due to over speeding and reckless driving. Three persons were killed on the spot while 15 others including women and children sustained wounds. The police and rescue persons shifted the injured to nearby hospital where condition of some injured persons was serious. Most of the passenger included the labourers and private employees who were going to their native towns to celebrate Eid. —INP

Vigilance teams formed OUR CORRESPONDENT HYDERABAD—Deputy Commissioner Hyderabad Agha Shahnawaz Babar has formed six vigilance teams to conduct surprise raids at bus terminals and transport routes for checking transporters over-charging fares on Eid days. The Additional Deputy Commissioner-I Aijazul Hassan informed here wile presiding over meeting of the officers of Revenue, Sindh Police and District Transport Authority Hyderabad. The representative of the transporter also attended the meeting. Aijazul Hassan informed that two committees headed by assistant commissioners along with the officers of Regional Transport Authority and Sindh Police as members have been assigned to pay surprise visits at the bus terminals of Hyderabad city. While the other committees will conduct surprise checking in other talukas of the district and ensure the travelling on prescribed rates in-

stead of high fare. He said that directives have been issued to the management of the bus terminals to display fare list of the routes at prominent places and avoid over-charging the commuters. He said that the transporters have been warned that in case of violation, their route permits will be cancelled besides imposition of fine upon them. He said that the Station House Officers of police stations concerned have also been directed to ensure that there should be no over-charging in their jurisdiction. Responding to the problems of bus owners association raised by Meer Afzal Khan, the Additional Commissioner-I informed that approval has been given for construction of RCC Road form Subzi Mandi Road to Badin Bus Stop and asphalt road from Badin Bus Stop to Autobahn Road. He also assured that cleanliness will also be maintained at bus terminals and in this direction, a meeting has been already scheduled on August 28, 2012.


Can’t we address Moon sighting issue?

MEDIA WATCH

A sombre Eid

India needs clear policies

T

HE Holy month of Ramazan which provides an opportunity to the Muslims to fast and pray collectively has in a sense be come a divisive month in several ways as the followers of Hanafi and Jafria sects follow different timings for Sehr and Iftar in Pakistan.This gives a clear impression of disunity among the nation while in religious matters we must all stand together because Islam gives the message of unity and oneness in the Ummah. The observance of the sacred month of Ramadan, is a time of keen introspection, to begin refocusing our lives on the teachings of Islam. In this month we sense that there is a possibility for unity, because we all fast together, we all worship Allah together, and we offer Salatul‘Eid together. Therefore we sense that the unity of Muslims is possible to be seen as a single body, but this will only be achieved when obedience is only to Allah and His Messenger. The religious sects and scholars need to set aside their personal differences. Also the month of Ramazan becomes divisive in the case of sighting of moon and this matter is very surprising for many keen observers in our faith including the members of the diplomatic community as we observe Eid on different days. Due to technological advancement, the sighting of moon can be predicted even a year before. However in Pakistan not only two but three Eids have been celebrated this year which gives the clear message of disunity among religious leaders. North Waziristan celebrated the Eid on Saturday, KPK on Sunday and in the rest of the country it being celebrated today. Though it is a fact that 90% of the population is celebrating Eid today and they strictly follow the Ruet-i-Hilal Committee decision, but those violating it must be punished under the law. We strongly believe that Ramazan is a very important month for Muslims and as citizens of a State which emerged on the world scene in the name of Islam, we must show complete unity in religious matters. Therefore on the eve of every Eid, the government should launch a campaign to urge the countrymen to follow the decision of the Ruet-i-Hilal Committee so that the divisive issue is settled once for all.

Allen attempts to snub Mullah Omer I

SAF top commander in Afghanistan General John Allen has stated that Taliban leader Mullah Omer’s message ahead of Eidul Fitr is a message of death. The statement by General Allen thus amounts to snubbing Mullah Omer who in the message claimed victory on the battlefield over NATO led troops in the country. General Allan has every right to interpret the statement of Mullah Omer but the ground reality is what the Taliban Leader has stated. The United States and other western countries in ISAF must realize that the issue of terrorism cannot be addressed unless and until the root causes are given due attention. No nation can be forced to submit for an indefinite period to a super power and there is always violent reaction to illegal occupation and use of force. This is what is happening in Afghanistan and the fighting would continue till the withdrawal of occupation forces because historically the Afghans had never accepted presence of foreign forces on their soil. It would have been more prudent that when the elections are approaching in the United States, the administration in Washington should have focussed on domestic issues like rising unemployment which is astonishing and highly disturbing for the policy makers. According to a report, unemployment in 40 states of the US has increased in July. Similarly there are host of other issues of far greater importance to the world’s only super power than staying in Afghanistan, an impoverished country, for long. After invading Afghanistan, the US has suffered immensely with loss of lives of its citizens as well in terms of finances. The Defence budget went up and now the Congress is forcing a massive cut in it because it is not sustainable. Therefore we would urge General Allen and his bosses in Capitol Hills to give up the attitude of insulting and snubbing the oppressed and instead listen them and address their problems as that would well serve the interest of Washington and peace and tranquillity in the world.

Fertilizer units may stand on their legs T

HE government has taken a far-reaching decision of allowing fertil izer plants in SNGPL franchise areas to buy gas directly from wellhead to make things easy both for the fertilizer industry as well as the utility. The decision has been welcomed by the Fertilizer Manufacturers Advisory Council saying it would ensure dedicated gas supply for fertilizer plants on SNGPL network. Fertilizer sector was facing complete closure as out of first seven months of this year, the plants received gas for two months only. According to reports four fertilizer units went out of production creating shortage of the commodity, unemployment for the labour force as well as spending of foreign exchange on import of fertilizer. What was worst was that the Engro Urea had a sovereign guarantee of the government of Pakistan for supply of gas, which was not being honoured. The decision that the fertilizer units can purchase gas directly will give a new lease of life and enable them to stand on their legs. According to experts there are several low BTU gas fields which are not in use and can be dedicated for the fertilizer plants which would not only reduce the burden from SNGPL network but would also save billions of rupees of subsidy government has to offer on imported urea. The decision reached to the satisfaction of the Fertilizer manufacturers is a proof that when there is a will there are ways to solve a crisis. We would urge the government to take similar steps to address the problems of other industrial units as that would be a win win situation for everyone.

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Pak- US intelligence summit ist presence in the region that threatens both US and PakiAir Cdre Khalid Iqbal (R) stani national security.” ApEmail:khalid3408@gmail.com parently, the raison d’être seems logical; US drawdown is in the makilateral relations between Pa ing and Pakistan is poised to play a kistan and America have critical role. Therefore, it is pragunique peculiarities. Before matic for the militaries to sort out each major event competing narra- the routines. However, in reality, tives start floating: obscuring real- Pak-US relations have further ity and reinforcing mystery. End of slipped down a couple of rungs; that the event joint statements are rather is from transactional to outright sketchy leaving the impression of blackmail. Now, the blackmail is undeclared understandings and ar- blatant: Americans will eliminate rangements. It suits Americans to TTP terror sanctuaries on Afghan keep the things as informal as pos- soil in exchange for crack-down on sible to make convenient reinterpre- the Haqqani group inside Pakistan. During his meetings with tations, on as required basis, to suit emergent situations and avoid ac- American officials, DG ISI clearly countability. For Pakistani side, conveyed the Pakistani concern on governments fearing public back- two counts. Firstly, ISAF and Aflash tend to keep even genuinely ghan forces do not act against the beneficial arrangements away from safe heavens of Pakistani Taliban the public eye. Void is filled by the (TTP) and that, these militants have media. And media in both the coun- the backing of host forces deployed tries is quite speculative and polar- along the Pak-Afghan border once ized. American media triggers re- they attack Pakistani military posiaction through its Pakistani coun- tions. Secondly, drone attacks on any terpart. Thus half facts and half fic- part of Pakistan are unacceptable. tion reaches the people generating Pakistan demanded of the US to give frenzy public debate (read outrage) drone technology to Pakistan and depicting the outcome over the en- share intelligence about the hardtire range from ‘Holdout to Sold- core terrorists; and Pakistan will act out’. Recent intelligence summit against them. As per the Reuters, on drone attacks, “Pakistan remained was no exception. According to American US firm on its stance” that, there will sources, “all concerning issues were be “no compromise,” on the soverdiscussed...the discussions between eignty of Pakistan. Speculative media reports, both General Zaheer and Director Petraeus were substantive, profes- in Pakistan and abroad had wrongly sional, and productive. Both lead- portrayed that Pakistan and America ers reaffirmed their commitment to have agreed to undertake a Joint Opwork together to counter the terror- eration codenamed “Tight Screw”

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on either side of Pak-Afghan border, involving the US boots on Pakistani territory. DG ISI clearly told the American side that, “Pakistan will not allow American boots on its soil for any operation and whenever an offensive is launched, it will be done by us.” Nevertheless, reports indicate some “understanding” on the Haqqani network, with Pakistan willing to initiate a scaled down operation, provided the US assures it of sealing the border on the Afghan side. According to US Defence Secretary Leon Panetta, General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani has already discussed the operation recently with the top US commander in Afghanistan, General John Allen. Panetta has further said that Pakistan was prepared to launch combat operations against Taliban militants in North Waziristan Agency, which also serves as a haven for the al Qaeda-affiliated Haqqani network. He said he understands it will be in the “near future,” and that the main target will be the Pakistani Taliban, rather than the Haqqani network. “They’ve talked about it for a long time. Frankly, I’d lost hope that they were going to do anything about it. But it does appear that they in fact are going to take that step.” Panetta added. In this murky backdrop, words from General Kayani in his ‘Independence Day Message’ are encouraging. He has indicated that Pakistan is determined to go after militants with all the force it can muster and to end insurgency in the country. He said, “We realise that the most difficult task for any army is to fight against its own people. But this happens as a last resort. Our real objective is to restore peace in these areas so that people can lead normal lives...No state can afford a parallel

system or a militant force... law-enforcement is made more difficult by the weakness of the civilian administration in parts of the country and by the lack of legislation designed to address a new age of militancy. Though Americans keep pointing towards Haqqanis as the single largest source of instability in Afghanistan, the network accounts only for about ten percent of the attacks on the US/NATO/ ISAF forces; more than 90 percent of all resistance to the occupation forces comes from within Afghanistan. It indeed points towards collapse of the American political enterprise in Afghanistan. Nevertheless, Pakistan’s relationship with the US will be determined by American perception of its cooperation on Afghanistan. Pressures emanating from electoral politics of both the countries rule out a realistic narrowing down of conflicting narratives. However, there is substantial space for low profile professional level engagements to harmonize technical irritants and bandage the bruised working relationship. Pakistan and the US have been close friends for many years; it has been the two militaries and their affiliated intelligence outfits that have been underwriting this partnership. Hence, it not surprising that militaries and intelligence establishments have quickly resumed their formal contacts following the formal jump start at the political level. In this context intelligence sharing would be an important factor. Hopefully, gains of the ‘intelligence summit’ would soon be translated into an intelligence sharing plan of action to demystify Pak-US relations. —The writer is Consultant, Policy & Strategic Response, IPRI.

Kamra assault foiled to their courage and spirit of sacrifice. The fearlessness of the Air Force percould be Sajjad Shaukat sonnel judged from the fact Email: sajjad_logic@yahoo.com that the Base Commander Air Commodore Azam Khan, who led the operation from the resent different war between front, also sustained bullet injuries. Although Pakistan Air force solPakistan’s security forces and the militants is simply a ‘clash diers were already on the state of high of wills’ between two entities. In alert after receiving the related-inforhis book, “Fighting Power: German mation, but the coward insurgents and U.S. Army Performance, 1939- tried to attack in the wee hours of the 1945”, Creveld identifies the ele- night. The security arrangements, ments of moral force, whom he calls consisting of four tiers have been “fighting power, the willingness to able, not only to stop the terrorists on fight and the readiness, if necessary, the 2nd tier and also killed them. to die.” The greater these elements, Notably, terrorists mostly succeed in the less vulnerable an armed force their attempts as past experience inwill be to demoralisation. In these dicates in Pakistan and other volatile terms, when nine militants dis- countries. Let us take the example of guised in security forces’ uniform, Afghanistan where in more than ten equipped with latest guns, and years, well-trained NATO forces, rocket launchers attacked Pakistan equipped with latest weaponry have Air Force Base at Kamra on Au- failed in stopping sudden terror atgust 16, the valiant personnel of Pa- tacks on their bases and military inkistan Air Force and Special Ser- stallations. In fact, they have been vice Group (SSG) of Commandoes demoralised as they lack the passion of Pak Army foiled the assault by of sacrificing their own lives and killing all the terrorists. Only one fighting spirit. Besides, militants are at advansoldier was martyred. According to PAF sources, tage in this new style war because fierce gun-battle took place between of their surprise and sudden strikes. the security forces and blasts were And it is a war in which offence also heard. It shows that both the knows its target, but defence does warring parties were well-equipped not know. Despite all of this, vigiwith arms and weapons. While, on lance and preparedness of the PAF the one side, terrorists were also forces-ready to act is praiseworthy mentally prepared to die in order to as they successfully foiled the milicomplete their mission, on the other tants’ sudden and surprise assault on side, besides their professional the Kamra Base. It is notable that training, Air force soldiers were also the Kamra Airbase is the home to ready to die so as to castigate the the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex terror-assault. In this situation, PAF that assembles Mirage and with Chisoldiers defeated the militants due nese support, JF-17 fighter jets. Nor-

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mally, about thirty aircraft remain parked at the airbase. In this respect, when the militants tried to enter the base, Air Force personnel present on the spot immediately responded and resisted the terrorists who seek to approach the aircraft. The intrusion was followed by a gun-battle between security forces and assailants which started at 2:00 AM and continued till 6:00 AM. It was owing to the quick action that the terrorists who wanted to destroy all the aircraft and to kill the security forces there, failed in their sinister designs. Although, like the recent subversive activities in other cities of Pakistan, Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) has claimed the responsibility for the attack at Kamra Base, yet this terror attempt cannot be seen in isolation. There is no doubt that that secret agencies like American CIA, Indian RAW and Israeli Mossad which have established their collective network in Afghanistan are in collusion, and have been supporting bomb blasts, suicide attacks, abductions, target killings, ethnic and sectarian violence in various cities of Pakistan through their affiliated militant groups in order to fulfill their secret strategic designs against Pakistan. Particularly, RAW has hired the services of many Indian Muslims. Posing themselves as militants, they have joined the ranks and files of TTP and other insurgent outfits. In this context, intermittent drone attacks and cross-border terrorism in Pakistan from Afghanistan’s side is also part of the anti-Pakistan scheme. Pakistan’s Federal Interior Minister Rehman Malik and some high civil and military officials have repeatedly stated that training camps are presence in Afghanistan, and supply of arms and ammunition to the Pakistani Taliban

continue by the external elements as part of a plot against Pakistan. It is of particular attention that terror attack at Kamra Base has coincided with the statement of US Defence Secretary Leon Panetta who said on August 16, “There is a danger of nuclear weapons of Pakistan, falling into hands of terrorists.” Panetta’s misperception was also shared by a baseless report, published in the New York Times on the same day, which said that suspected militants attacked a major Pakistani Air Force base where some of the country s nuclear weapons were considered to be stored in the early hours of the militants’ attack. Moreover, US top officials have intensified their pressure on Islamabad to launch joint military operations against the Haqqani network, based in North Waziriran. Meanwhile, a recent report of The Telegraph, quoting Leon Panetta indicated that “Pakistan military is planning to start an operation against militants in North Waziristan.” Undoubtedly, our ‘nukes’ are in safe hands. Taking note of various rumours, after his recent meeting with Gen. James N. Mattis, Commander US CENTCOM, on August 17, Chief of Army Staff Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani categorically dispelled the speculative reporting in foreign media, regarding joint operations in North Waziristan. He reiterated, “We might, if necessary, undertake operations in NWA, in the timeframe of our choosing. It will never be a result of any outside pressure. Nevertheless, there is a co-relationship of all these anti-Pakistan developments. Nonetheless, valiant security forces of Pakistan which have totally foiled the Kamra- terror assault in a short span of time, has proved their alertness and heroic act.

ELEAGUERED Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, heading an increasingly unstable coalition, is feeling the heat from the series of corruption scams that have rocked his government and which are now almost searing him. The spate of recent scandals, which included the 2G telecom spectrum case, the Commonwealth Games fiasco and a few others rattled his government and led to the arrests of some ministers and leading politicians, but left Singh largely unscathed. He may not be so lucky this time though. The latest scam to hit the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government is the one relating to the allocation of coal blocks to private companies, when Singh was handling the portfolio. Opposition parties led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) demanded Singh’s resignation as soon as the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) on the allocation of coal blocks – along with two other reports relating to the lease of land for the private operator running Delhi airport and a scheme to enhance India’s power generation capacity – was tabled in Parliament. The CAG is supposed to be a watchdog, auditing the government’s accounts, but has in recent months been behaving more like an opposition party, fiercely taking on the government, leaking incomplete reports and trying to sensationalise issues. It has often over-stepped its remit, questioning government policies and extrapolating worst-case scenarios, instead of sticking to its limited role of an auditor. Allocation of scarce natural resources in a developing economy like India – which is still transitioning from a dirigiste state to one where market forces have a dominant role to play – has always generated controversies, thanks to rent-seeking politicians and bureaucrats. Not surprisingly, most of the recent scams in India have centred around the allocation – or misuse – of natural resources including telecommunication spectrum, iron ore, land, coal and natural gas. Singh and the UPA government might very well survive the latest crisis triggered by the CAG reports, but the Indian parliament will have to seriously debate the issue of allocation of limited natural resources and how best to allocate them to private and international players or to the state sector, if that be the consensus by coming out with a clear-cut and firm policy. Any delay in formulating such a policy will only see the economy sink into its pre-reforms phase of low growth. — Khlaeej Times

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UK must respect Vienna Convention

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ESPITE Tony Blair and George Bush both being out of office, the UK under David Cameron continues to be the ‘poodle’ of the US. And, if obedience training was an Olympic event, Britain would have another gold medal. The UK is refusing to give WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange safe passage to Ecuador from its London embassy, after the country granted him diplomatic asylum. Assange is wanted in Sweden for questioning in regard to allegations of rape and sexual assault. He has been fighting to stay out of Sweden, as he fears the country will hand him over to US authorities, who want him for releasing secret diplomatic cables, among other documents. The merits of the Swedish case against Assange aside, it is hard not to believe that Sweden and the UK are pandering to US interests in their pursuit of charges against him. Besides denying Assange safe passage, the UK has reportedly also threatened to revoke the diplomatic status of the embassy. The UK must respect the accepted practices of the international diplomatic community, as enshrined in the Vienna Convention. It is no longer a bulldog that can growl and bite to get its way. The UK is a part of the international diplomatic community which is a home to many nations and its government must behave as if it is house-broken. — Gulf News The manner of giving is worth more than the gift. — Pierre Corneille French dramatist


Shawwal: What to do on Eid night Voice of the People Unfair to KESC S

hawwal is the first of the three months named as “Ashhur alHajj” (i.e. the months of Hajj). Although the major acts of Hajj are normally performed in the first ten days of Zulhijjah, yet the whole period starting from the first of Shawwal up to the 10th of Zulhijjah is held to be the period of Hajj because some acts of Hajj can be performed any time during this period. The second meritorious aspect of Shawwal is that it has been chosen by Allah Almighty for the celebration of “Eid-ul-Fitr”, one of the only two annual festivals recognized by the Shari’ah. This happy day is designed by the Shari’ah as a sign of gratefulness by the Muslims on the accomplishment of Ramadan, and as an immediate reward by Allah for those who spent the month of Ramadan in fasting and performing other forms of ‘ibadah. Instead of commemorating an event from the past, the Shari’ah has prescribed the first of Shawwal as an annual festival for the Muslims at an occasion when they themselves

accomplish a great ‘ibadah. This In this way, they are supposed to approach reminds the Muslims that present themselves before their Crethey should not rely only on the ac- ator and offer two rak’ats of this specomplishments of cial type of Salah, their ancestors, The Spirit Of Islam which makes them rather, they should receive blessings themselves perform from Allah and start meritorious acts to their celebration by please their Creator. these divine blessIslam has preings. scribed a simple yet After the Salah graceful way to obalso, they are supserve the happy day. posed to rejoice the First of all, it is manday in a responsible datory on all the wellmanner, without viooff Muslims to start lating the limits pretheir day by paying scribed for them and “Sadaqat-ul-fitr” to never indulging in Mufti Taqi the poor of their sothe acts prohibited Usmani ciety, so that they, by Allah. too, may enjoy the It had been the day along with others, and may not practice of the Holy Prophet be worried for earning their liveli- (PBUH), that he would not sleep in hood at least on that day of happi- the night preceding the day of Eidness. ul-Fitr. This night has been named After paying the “Sadaqat-ul- in a Hadith as the Night of Reward fitr”, the Muslims are required to (Lailatul Jaiza). Almighty bestows proceed to an open place where they his rewards on those who have spent can offer the Eid prayer collectively. the month of Ramadan abiding by

the dictates of Shari’ah, and all their prayers in this night are accepted. Therefore, it is desirable to perform nafl prayers in this night. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) is reported to have said: Whoever stands up (in worship) in the nights preceding the two Eids expecting rewards from his Lord, his heart will not die when the other hearts will die. (Ibn Majah) To benefit from this opportunity, one should perform as much worship in this night as he can, and should pray for all his needs and desires. The following acts are prescribed as Sunnah at the beginning of the day of ‘Eid-ul-Fitr before proceeding to the Eid prayer: (1) To clean one’s teeth and take a bath. (2) To put on one’s best available clothes and use perfume. (3) To eat a sweet food, preferably dates, before the Eid prayer and recite the following Takbir in the low voice while going to the ‘Eid prayer: Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar La Ilaha Ila Allah Wa Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Wa Lillahi Alhamd.

Misrule, masses and migration In Sindh today we have Kleptocarcy- indeed, Kleptocracy, is a form of political and Hashim Abro government corrupEmail:hashimabro@hotmail.com tion where the government exists to increase the personal wealth and political power of its officials and the ruling class at nly the other day, one of my the expense of the wider population, students of political science often without pretense of honest sercame up with three political vice. This type of government corterms including “ineptocracy”, ruption is often achieved by the emkleptocracy”, “ oligarchy” and bezzlement of state funds. Furtherasked me to explain him all these more, in Sindh today we have oliterms in the Pakistani context. To garchy- indeed, a despotic form of this I replied: both these terms have Marxist government in which all become synonymous with province power is vested in a few thieving Sindh where corruption, misman- nepotists of a dominant Communist agement, high taxes, rampant infla- class or clique that operates a primition, runaway government expendi- tive and corrupt economy and is tures, and misrule has brought Sindh most often a puppet government of to its knees and all this is because of a major power ; Corrupt misrule by “ ineptocarcy” and “ klepotcracy.” the few. In Sindh today we have ineptocracyIn many cases the least compe, indeed, a system of government tent, least smart people are prowhere the least capable to lead are moted, simply because they’re the elected by the least capable of pro- ones you don’t want doing actual ducing, and where the members of work. Indeed, the people of Sindh society least likely to sustain them- are miffed by misrule. Decades of selves or succeed, are rewarded with misrule have made the natives, both, goods and services paid for by the the Muslim and non-Muslims inconfiscated wealth of a diminishing cluding the Hindus, Parsis, Chrisnumber of producers. tians vulnerable. History is witness

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to the fact the that the Sindhi people has always been bustling with energy, dynamism and entrepreneurship. Decades of reckless misrule and total government dysfunction have corroded the fabric of Sindhi character and society. Of course, when trapped in such a mess or maze, it is difficult to see the way out. In most ways Sindh epitomizes the collapse of authority where: Kidnapers control the highways and roads in the upper and lower Sindh districts where only natives, be they the Muslims or the Hindus, are kidnapped for ransom, where terrorists, mafias and extortionist control the big cities markets including those of Karachi, Hyderabad and Sukkur, the provincial government is powerless. With every passing day the people of province with rich –resources are falling in the trap of extreme poverty. Shockingly millions of people are living on less than $ I day in the upper and lower Sindh regions. Indigent districts such as Kashmor/ Kandh Kot, Jacobabad are racked by chaos and anarchy. Doubtlessly, Sindh is richly endowed with some of the most valuable natural resources such as oil, gas coal etc.. Its potential for economic growth is enviable, yet it has the lowest standard of living in the world.

Malnutrition and even starvation are widespread in the province. Sindh today ranks lowest in all measures of economic well-being, such as the proportion of population below poverty, infant mortality, life expectancy, and caloric intake. It is a shame that the performance of present government is abysmal, and it is being chastised for not showing remorse despite its failure to address the chronic issues of the people such as deterioration of education, environment, health, infant and child mortality; water, sewage, and garbage; agriculture, mining, and industry; and sustainable development, lawlessness, poverty, migration of sons of soil, the Hindus, from different districts of the province. During the last three decades hundreds of thousands of terrorized Hindus have migrated from Sindh to India and other countries of the world but our thick-skinned rulers have not anything to address this issue seriously. Like the past rulers, the present rulers are not responsive to the wishes and aspirations of the masses. The present rulers must renew their commitments to good governance, accountability and democracy, if they really want to be back again in the corridors of power and politics.

Views From Abroad

Middle East on the boil Jim Hoagland

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yria’s civil war is the decisive event in the remaking of the Middle East that began with the self-immolation of a Tunisian fruit vendor 21 months ago. The battle for Damascus has become the fulcrum of a now fully visible SunniShiite struggle over the creation and control of an Islamic political order throughout the region. The Pax Americana that has prevailed in the region since 1973 — the last time a major Arab-Israeli war erupted — is rapidly eroding. American power, friendship or enmity will no longer be decisive for Egyptians, Syrians or even Saudis in the ways they have been for nearly four decades. The Sunnis of Saudi Arabia and other gulf nations are putting all their chips on the effort to bring down Bashar al-Assad’s regime in Damascus and inflict a strategic defeat on Assad’s Shiite allies in Tehran. The crumbling of Assad’s rule will

soon force the Iranians to go all in as well — or accept the humiliation of their surrogate’s downfall. An Iranian decision to escalate to save Assad, perhaps by retaliating against the gulf Arabs, would push the burden back on the Obama administration — in the middle of a heated presidential campaign — to define and protect US regional interests more clearly and decisively. President Obama’s country-bycountry, tactical responses to this unfolding Arab revolt have, until now, served the United States fairly well. But the strategic struggle between the gulf Arabs and Iran in Syria unhorses that narrow, reactive approach. Several large caveats must be acknowledged in this analysis: There has, of course, been turmoil aplenty in the strategic crossroads of Asia and Africa since Henry Kissinger committed US power to brokering the 1973 ArabIsraeli truce that grew into an Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. But the subsequent wars in Lebanon, Yemen, Iraqi Kurdistan, Kuwait, and even between Iran and Iraq

were contained within the contours of a US-supported equilibrium. Pax imperfect, yes, but pax at a regional level nonetheless. By focusing on democracy, territorial integrity and human rights as US goals to be achieved one country at a time, the Obama administration has deliberately minimized the religious roots and regional nature of the broader Sunni-Shiite conflict. But for its protagonists, the war turns on the Sunni majority’s right to rule in Syria and on weakening Shiite power in Tehran and Baghdad. The objectives sought by the United States and the gulf Arabs are thus misaligned. As long as that is the case, direct US military intervention in Syria to help the rebels win will continue to be a matter of last resort. This does not mean accepting or supporting the inhumane status quo. Turmoil on this scale can produce territorial break-ups that relieve pressures instead of intensifying them. US policy should be nimble enough to facilitate border changes that would provide more protection

for ethnic or religious minorities in Syria, Iraq or elsewhere. Another conceptual change will involve the loss of US influence in Egypt, which can no longer serve as the linchpin of US regional policy. American interests are centred as never before in the gulf Arab nations. US policy must follow that shift. Egypt provides a good example of how to begin this shifting of gears. Freeing important sectors of the Egyptian economy from the monopolistic control of the military the national instrument the US has relied on most heavily to exert influence there could spark a much-needed economic rebound. US experts, business people and generals could help in a transition that would have the added benefit of the Egyptian military, and US security assistance, being downsized. Crisis of this magnitude always creates the need for new thinking. Only imaginative, aware minds can create the thinking itself. — Courtesy: The Washington Post

Precious women..!

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ERY often in my mailbox are jokes about women and I admit I spend a few minutes having a laugh as I did today reading stuff like the ones below: When we are born, our mother’s get the compliments and the flowers. When we are married, our brides get the presents and the publicity. When we die, our widows get the life insurance. What do women want to be liberated from? I smiled, nodded and continued reading: A man was walking down a street when he heard a voice from behind, “If you take one more step, a brick will fall down on your head and kill you.”

The man stopped and a big brick fell right in front of him. The man was astonished. He went on, and after a while he was going to cross the road. Once again the voice shouted, “Stop! Stand still! If you take one more step a car will run over you, and you will die.” The man did as he was instructed, just as a car came careening around the corner, barely missing him. The man asked. “Who are you?” I am your guardian angel,” the voice answered. “Oh, yeah?” the man asked “And where the hell were you when I got married?” I was really grinning from ear to ear when my eyes fell on something my daughter had sent me and as I read it my grin vanished and tears rolled my cheeks as I realized what humbugs we men are: Read on: Mum and Dad were watching TV when Mum said, “I’m tired, I think I’ll go to bed.” She went to the kitchen to make sandwiches

for the next day’s lunches, rinsed out the popcorn bowls, checked the cereal box levels, filled the sugar container, put spoons and bowls on the table and started the coffee pot for brewing the next morning. She then put some wet clothes in the dryer, a load of clothes into the washer, ironed a shirt and secured a loose button. She picked up game pieces left on the table, put the phone back on the charger and telephone book into the drawer. Watered the plants, emptied a wastebasket, hung a towel, yawned and stretched and headed for the bedroom. She stopped by the desk, wrote a note to the teacher, counted out some cash for the excursion and pulled a text book out from hiding under the chair. She signed a birthday card for a friend, addressed, stamped the envelope and wrote a quick note for the grocery store. She put both near her bag. Mum then

washed her face and filed her nails. Dad called out, “I thought you were going to bed.” “I’m on my way,” she said. She put some water into the dog’s dish, put the cat outside, made sure the doors were locked and the outside light on. She looked in on each of the kids, turned out their bedside lamps and radios, hung up a shirt, threw some dirty socks into the hamper, had a brief conversation with the one up still doing homework. In her own room, she set the alarm; laid out clothing for the next day, straightened up the shoe rack. She added three things to her 6 most important things to do list, said her prayers, visualized the accomplishment of the day and waited for her man who about that time, turned off the TV and announced to no one in particular. “I’m going to bed.” And he did...without another thought..! —Email:bobsbanter@gmail.com

SYED OVAIS AKHTAR

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t was quite shocking to find a news report that some organization called the SDPI has included KESC among the power utilities in the country where conditions are ‘chaotic’. This may be true for power producers in other cities but, as a resident of Karachi, I must commend the KESC for having greatly improved the power situation compared to the past years. As strange as it may sound, I am but grateful to KESC when I hear about the power riots and electricity woes across the country and masses in other cities suffering terribly from long hours of load shed. I think KESC’s performance in terms of improving services is way ahead of other cities and the power supply setups there have a thing or two to learn from KESC. The service response of KESC has shown marked improvement over recent times and now complaints are attended to much more promptly and efficiently. The utility had traditionally suffered from defaulters who did not pay their electricity bills for long periods. These included political notables, high government functionaries and even government departments. KESC keeps cracking down on all these defaulters without discrimination and has disconnected power supply of important government buildings. Credit must be given where due and if a public utility is making visible efforts to improve its services, these must be duly appreciated. One hopes that the SDPI does not malign institutions on the path to success, only to serve some agendas. —Karachi

Malnutrition of children DR FARUKH BHANBHRO This is with reference to shocking story published in “State of Mothers 2012” by save the children international. The Nutrition expert in Pakistan firmly believe that there are No Laws for breastfeeding and Child nutrition in Sindh, while attending the two days workshop in Avare hotel Karachi on “ Multisecotral approach to integrate nutrition with other sectors’. I agree with worst situation stated in detailed report of this Magazine that only 50 percent mothers begin early initiation of breastfeeding and first 1000 days are not taken seriously for child care in Sindh that is one of major reason of high prevalence of malnutrition among children in Sindh. Despite constitutional development, world health assembly act and Pakistan breastfeeding ordinance October 2002 still the milk industry is advertising and encouraging formula milk at early birth of child which is contrary to law and flagrant violation of child rights. There is no substitute for mother milk in the world, it is best one for health of child. The milk industry is undermining exclusive breastfeeding and weaning practices in Pakistan. The Sindh has 17.5 GAM rate (global acute malnutrition) while 44 percent population is stunt (low height for age). Similarly, other health indicators are very poor in Sindh as low rate of Vitamin A supplementation, no Iodized salt is used, no iron fortification is done which cause iron deficiency anemia in large sections of society. Infact, people living in abject poverty or having scarcity of foods are ranked as risk groups for malnutrition. So better economic position can play pivotal role against malnutrition in rural population. The government can cope this critical malnutrition situation with multi-sectoral approach by involving education department, agriculture and food, social security, Public health and health department. I appreciate the concerted efforts taken by UNICEF, save the children, WFP, Concern world wide and planning commission of Pakistan’s for Pakistan integrated nutrition strategy (PINS) that is a roadmap to end malnutrition from Pakistan at grass root level. —Khairpur Mirs, Sindh.

Syria’s struggle SAYYED BILAL IMAM Recap of massacre in Bosnia, genocide of more than 20,000 people, innocent civilians forced to death, starvation and regular torture; Syrian revolution is the most prolonged uprising in Arab World. The responsible of inhumanity “Ba’ath Party” has been loyal to U.S interests in the region, for instance it supported America in strangling Iraq and established torture cells for Afghan combatants. Contrary to other Arab countries where pre-revolution regimes are still intact with a mere change of faces, Syria has stood firm for its demand since March 2011. Noticing that Bashar Al Assad has failed to crush the protestors by force, U.S is buying more time for replacing old horses with new one through various summits and pseudo ultimatums. Geneva conference and Kofi Annan’s six points entailing the formation of “transition government” with Syrian National Council (seated in Turkey) and others are traps for maintaining the status quo in Syria. However, SNC has no leadership among masses and so the possible option is Yemeni model as an alternate. On the other hand the uprising in Syria is purely a “people’s revolution”. Several videos of public protests have displayed that masses have rejected solutions from UN or USA. Persistence for more than a year in calling for Caliphate as alternate shows the deep rooted vision of nation. Similarly, this steadfastness appreciated man in the ranks of army to join the revolution “af-

terwards” leading to formation of Free Syrian Army. Passing final verdict about FSA is pre-mature. It may fall prey and shake hands with imperialist or not. By shaking hands FSA will lose its acceptance and detach itself from the body of revolution, which is still not the case. The shrinkage of Assad’s inner circle in blast on 18th July and then America considering it that “Syria is getting out of control” shows that it was stable with Assad’s loyalists alive and the blast wasn’t backed by CIA but was a blow to America’s interest. As analysis of defected Prime Minister, Assad now holds only 30% of Syria. The pillars of Syrian regime are falling and US is trying to infiltrate the FSA’s ranks, following the proverb “if you can’t fight then join them”. At this juncture a furor for revival of Caliphate is simmering in Syria’s streets. Its geo-political influence has a natural impact on Arab World specially Israel and Lebanon. If an alternate system rises in Syria. can West stop its expansion? A new ideological challenge is waiting. —Karachi

(SWT) bestowed upon them to fulfill the obligations of fasting and to perform good deeds during Ramadhan. This glorious day of Eid is a gift from the All-Mighty, a gift that should be received with deep humility and gratitude. The real significance of this occasion lies in service and is not simply about wearing our prettiest clothes, savoring the tasty homemade Eid delights and giving presents to family members. Some of us have the privilege to fully enjoy the blessings of this day but never forget hundreds and thousands of our Muslim brothers who are simply not that lucky. Needy who have nothing to wear, eat and even deprived of basic living standards and the blessings of this special day. Eid is about making people feel special and loved so it is imperative to include them in our celebrations by giving zakat, helping them with little presents and feeding the homeless in our communities. Eid joys can be multi folded by promoting such virtues of charity, association and humanity in our society. Only then will our ‘Eid Mubarak’ have any meaning, it will add colors to our lives, placate our despair spirits, open doors of Allah’s countless DR IRFAN ZAFAR blessings and only then have we As Olympics 2012 reached its finale, truly given Thanks—the true eswe remember with tears our men’s sence of this holy day. hockey teams performance suffering —Islamabad a humiliating 7-0 defeat against Australia. The final whistle by the referee came as a relief for our boys, else the Australians would have run havoc on the field. Ms Rabia Ashiq finished last in the 800m race causHIRA TARIQ ing a lot of embarrassment to our country for the next planned event Sometimes the only cure for somewas delayed considerably as the one suffering and dying is to receive Olympic management officials a new organ. Hearts, livers, lungs, waited helplessly for her to cross the skin and other organs are harvested line. Do we really have to participate from those who have just passed in the event in future thus become a away. Those vital organs are put into laughing stock in the eyes of the the bodies of the living. If someone donates his full body it is usually used world. Time to let go. by medical students to practice sur—Islamabad gical techniques. The “pros” here are that the young doctors need to become as proficient as possible in the techniques used to save other’s lives. It is possible to donate blood while you are alive. More organs MOHAMMAD KHAN SIAL may only be donated after death (that Shaikh Rashid, former Federal Infor- is, kidneys, heart, lungs, pancreas, mation Minister and head of his own heart valves, eyes, etc.)which allow tiny party Awami Muslim League in the other person go on to live healthy a public meeting held at Rawalpindi lives. It is possible, however, to regrecently used highly objectionable ister for completely humanitarian and abusive language against his po- reasons and give organs to a stranger. litical opponents, in the presence of Some illegal organ trafficking does Imran Khan chief of PTI. This is not occur, the World Health Organizafirst time, Shaikh Rashid had done tion estimates that one-fifth of kidthis. In the past also, in a public ney donations may not be legitimeeting held in Lahore, he also used mately acquired. abusive language against Begum If you want to donate your organs Nusarat Bhutto and Shaheed Benazir and make them available for transBhutto as reported by an English plantation after your death, the easidaily at that time. est way is by telling your family or Shaikh Rashid who openly next-of-kin that you wish to donate claims having links with GHQ, fre- your organs after your death. Your quently appears in TV discussions family or next-of-kin can inform a programmes but mostly, what I gath- doctor or another healthcare profesered, he seems busy to create chaos sional in a hospital if they are asked in the country by instigating some about your wishes regarding organ groups. I wonder why some TV an- donation. Neither children nor menchors, frequently invite him in their tally incapacitated adults may give programmes whereas he heads a tiny consent to body or organ donation. party. It is my unbiased view, people Organ donation in reality is an like Shaikh Rashid needs to learn issue that has a lot of issues related manners before attending public to it so it requires us to specify the meetings and appearing on TV issue more clearly.It is worth reshows. membering that Islam, being as it —Karachi is primarily a religion of mercy, ennobles all charitable acts to every breathing soul or being. Islam believes in the principle of saving human lives. The Islamic Fiqh council in Makkah has passed a resoluAYMEN IJAZ tion that one may donate his body parts with some conditions. One of Eid-ul-Fitr, translated as the Festival those conditions is that one may doof fast breaking, is truly a time of nate only with his own will prothanksgiving for the true believers, a vided he is mature and has given time when sleepy bazaars come alive, permission before he died. So it is when the sweet sounds of laughter not permissible for a Muslim to fill the air, when women fret about have an organ removed from his finding that perfect sandal to com- body while he is alive. plete their outfit and young girls beau- —Via email tify their delicate hands with henna, when love, brotherhood, joy, charity and benevolence take over and grace EADERS enters our hearts and all what we see are requested to type around is the divine spiritual zest and their letters legibly with beauty within our souls and in the atmosphere. double spacing and only on These bounties, colors and peaceone side of the paper. ful celebrations are a reward to the —Editor Muslim Ummah for their sacrifice Email:editorial@pakobserver.net and service, piety and patience, forgiveness and forbearance Allah

Olympics 2012

Organs and body donation

Shaikh Rashid’s language

Making Eid ‘Mubarak’

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Are drones any more immoral than other weapons of war? KIRSTY WIGGLESWORTH

brought by a Pakistani student demanding to know whether this country has provided intelligence for a suspected US HREE years ago, I came across the victims of a drone drone strike that killed his father.Despite genuine concerns strike about an hour after it occurred. It was in Gaza over drone warfare, much of what has been written on both – although the location for the purposes of this sides of the debate on the surrounding moral and legal piece does not matter; only the fact of the weapons system. The drone had fired a missile at a militant commander. Standing close by at that moment was a group of children waiting for a lift to school, three of whom were wounded. All injury and death is horrible, that suffered by innocents doubly so. Having seen so much of the human consequences of war, I tend not to distinguish which weapon has been responsible but try to see the intent behind the attack that caused the injury and death. In conflict, within the existing framework of international humanitarian law, whether an attack is justifiable and legal is defined both by the nature of the target and proper consideration of whether there will be civilian casualties and whether they are avoidable.For this reason, I find the notion of drone warfare no more horrible than a Tomahawk cruise missile fired from a distant ship or a bomb dropped indiscriminately on a village by a high-flying F22 or MiG. What did bother me about that drone strike three years ago – about all drone strikes that cause civilian injuries and death – was the knowledge that, unlike a jet pilot or artilleryman firing a shell on to co-ordinates where he cannot see who is nearby, this aircraft’s remote pilot must have been able to see the children who would be injured. The use of drones to conduct lethal strikes, particularly by the US and often causing civilian casualties, has come to be one of the most deeply controversial moral issues in the development of modern conflict, driven by the fourfold escalation in the use of drones by President Barack Obama in the global “war on terror” from Pakistan issues has been ill-informed and confused. In part, this is and Afghanistan to Yemen and Somalia. The most recent because for some the issue has become conflated with incident occurred yesterday in northern Pakistan – the broader geopolitical concerns, not least a critique of US first in over a month – when five alleged militants were military power. While how we understand the use of military power by killed in a drone strike on the compound of a local warlord. So controversial indeed is the subject that last month a state should serve as an important context, it does not Congress indicated it was seeking the internal White assist in understanding whether the use of drones is House memos used to authorise drone strikes where US legitimate.For many, the nature of drone warfare itself has become central. The operators’ very remoteness, it is citizens fighting with militants had been killed. The UK, too, has been drawn in through a court case claimed, leads to desensitisation. But throughout the his-

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tory of weapons, designers have always sought to maximise lethality while reducing the vulnerability of those using the weapons. And while it has long been accepted that there is a relationship between increased distance from a target and the ability to kill with reduced feelings of guilt, recent anecdotal evidence suggests that some drone operators, because they spend so long intimately observing their targets, experience the same emotional damage as those who kill at close quarters.What then of the issue of international legality? As Joshua Foust and Ashley Boyle argue in a new paper, The Strategic Context of Lethal Drones for the American Security Project, this, too, is more complex than some have assumed. The use of force against countries in peacetime, as they point out, is governed by Article 51 of the UN Charter. This permits “the right of individual or collective defence” across borders in peacetime if either one of two requirements is satisfied: that the group or individuals being targeted poses a threat or if the country, where the strike takes place, “consents”. While Pakistan has complained that drone strikes “infringe its sovereignty”, strong evidence exists that suggests it is heavily involved in providing the intelligence and other participation for strikes.A case can be made too that drones might be “more ethical” than other older systems because they can be more discriminate, lingering over their target for hours or returning for days to the location, giving those authorising the operations the opportunity to minimise

noncombatant casualties. Paradoxically, it is precisely because of this potential for discrimination, in the context of the execution of the US drone war, that their use has become more morally problematic because it brings us back to the subject of intent, not least in the way in which the US has drawn up its “kill lists” and in its definition of when civilian casualties are acceptable and how those casualties are counted. When Thomas Aquinas condoned killing in self-defence, he defined the moral “doctrine of double effect”, a key concept in Just War theory from Francisco de Vitoria in the 16th century to Michael Walzer in the modern era.In this context, it sets the killing of civilians, or the risk of killing them, as “a bad effect” against what might be viewed as moral within the bounds of self-defence. For while there are very few who would try to deny that a militant threat exists in areas where strikes take place, the central issue comes down to how those combatants are identified and what efforts are being made to protect civilians. One of the most shocking disclosures about the details of Obama’s decision-making process is the use of the definition “militant” for all males of military age within a drone strike zone, regardless of whether they are combatants or not. This definition is a deliberate evasion of the moral responsibility supposed to be built into the targeting process. Add to that the often wild vagaries of the US intelligence that nominates the list of those who pose an alleged threat, failures of which I witnessed on many occasions in Iraq, and it seems certain that there have been strikes, perhaps many, which have been unjustifiable in their civilian death toll. If there is a final compelling question to be asked over the future of drone warfare, it is the one posed by Foust and Boyle who demanded whether, as a military tool, drone warfare is actually effective; whether its use is justified when set against the political fallout that the drone campaign has produced and whether drones have actually reduced the threat posed by militants.Without clarity on these issues – that the drone campaign is operated within a real, clear and publicly defensible moral framework and serves a quantifiable defence purpose – the questions about drones will only get louder and more insistent. Courtesy —The Guardian.

The time is right for ‘rules of the road’ in the cosmos Korea-Japan diplomatic war MICHAEL KREPONV CHINA is at the cusp of its “SALT moment” with the United States. Moscow and Washington were at a similar juncture in 1969, when the strategic arms limitation talks got underway. President Richard Nixon and General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev decided to try to stabilize a competition in which both superpowers were poised to multiply their strategic offensive forces. The United States was on the verge of deploying national ballistic-missile defenses as well.The odds of success were limited, since neither country had a history of substantive engagement on these issues or of coordinating government positions for complex negotiations of this kind. When the talks began, SALT critics accused U.S. diplomats of negotiating against the Pentagon and with the Kremlin, while military members of the Soviet delegation warned U.S. officials against revealing “secrets” to Russian diplomats.Nevertheless, in less than three years, Washington and Moscow managed to reach an interim agreement on offensive forces and conclude the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. The former was deeply flawed and the latter quickly lost Republican support. Yet these agreements helped keep the Cold War from becoming hot and, in due course, provided the foundation for much deeper and more stabilizing nuclear arms reductions. China’s SALT moment with the United States will not involve nuclear arms control and reduction treaties. U.S. and Chinese nuclear arsenals are too dissimilar in size for negotiations, and Beijing is too sensitive about transparency to negotiate verifiable nuclear re-

straints, let alone arms reductions. Instead, it will focus on space, where the competition is heating up and the stakes are high. What happens in space will heavily influence whether relations between China and the United States become more dangerous or more cooperative.The space and nuclear domains cannot be separated, one reason the SALT accords and subsequent treaties between Washington and Moscow contained provisions protective of monitoring satellites. When superpower space programs took worrisome turns — such as the Soviet testing of anti-satellite weapons in the 1970s or the Reagan administration’s Strategic Defense Initiative in the 1980s — nuclear negotiations either were badly impaired or ground to a halt. When the two governments accepted tacit restraints in space, they were able to reach agreements limiting and reducing nuclear arsenals.China and the United States are becoming more dependent on satellites for national and economic security, and both have demonstrated the ability to destroy them. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) used a missile to destroy an aging Chinese satellite in 2007; the Pentagon demonstrated this capability against a failed U.S. intelligence satellite the following year. China’s anti-satellite test, labeled as an “experiment,” created a debris field that will endanger satellites and manned space flight for decades. Washington characterized its test, which did not create a hazardous debris field, as a public safety measure.Space is becoming crowded with satellites and debris. All major space-faring nations can use ballistic missiles, missile defense interceptors, lasers and jammers to interfere with or destroy satellites.

These capabilities provide the basis for mutual deterrence — or for the nullification of the benefits offered by this global commons.The absence of rules of the road in space jeopardizes international, national and economic security. Three sets of rules are particularly important — norms that support debris mitigation, those that support space-traffic management and those that bar purposeful, harmful interference of objects in space. The need for these rules was further highlighted in February 2009, when a dead Russian satellite collided with a functioning U.S. communication satellite. Norms against reckless behavior exist on highways, the high seas and in the air — but not in space.A major space treaty is not in the cards because “space weapons” can’t be properly defined and verified: Too many multipurpose technologies and military capabilities can be redirected against satellites. Calling for wide-ranging, unverifiable treaties addressing space is like championing agreements for “General and Complete Disarmament,” just like leaders in Moscow and Washington used to do before they were ready to engage in serious negotiations like SALT.The Obama administration, the European Union, Japan, Australia and other countries are ready to agree on a code of conduct for responsible space-faring nations. China is calling for an unverifiable treaty banning the use of military capabilities in space — capabilities that the PLA is hard at work developing. Moscow has aligned itself with Beijing but is now hinting at a more pragmatic approach. A window of opportunity is opening around a code of conduct if China’s leaders can bring the PLA on board, and if Republican leaders can see the wisdom of this initiative. Courtesy.— The Washington Post.

TONG KIM HE two geographically close neigh bors ¯ South Korea and Japan ¯ are about to embark on a diplomatic warfare that could be a disturbing development to Washington’s Asia policy. It all began with President Lee Myung-bak’s visit to the Dokdo Islets on Aug. 10, to which the Japanese government waged a strong protest, threatening to take the territorial issue to the International Court of Justice. There is an assumption in international relations theory that foreign policy often reflects the pressure of domestic politics. The latest eruption of a renewed territorial dispute over the sovereignty of Dokdo appears to support such an assumption. Both governments in Seoul and Tokyo are facing plenty of public discontent from respective sources of political trouble. Based on strong historic evidence and international law, Korea treats Dokdo as part of its territory and effectively occupies them with security guards. However, Japan also claims its territorial rights over the islets, calling them “Takeshima.” In defiance of Seoul’s protest, Japan has printed its claims to the islets in government documents and textbooks. Even if Japan takes the issue to the international court, it would not be docketed unless South Korea agrees. Seoul has al-

ing Korea. Lee also said he would not go to Japan on a state visit, as he would not be able to freely speak what is on his mind before the Japanese parliament. Japanese leaders called Lee statement “lacking in courtesy.” The Korean President also said, “Japan no longer has influence as it used to in the international community.” This was an unnecessary, improper statement. It is one thing that he talks about the positive aspects of Korea’s growing stature and increasing influence in the international arena. However, it does not accomplish anything to speak of Japan’s influence, with whom Korea will have to cooperate more closely for its own interest. Perhaps belatedly, Lee seemed to deescalate tensions by avoiding mentioning the Dokdo issue in his Aug. 15 speech, which celebrated Korean liberation from Japan and the establishment of the Republic of Korea. Instead, he criticized Japan for lacking an interest in resolving the issue of sex slavery which used to be called “the issue of comfort women” until U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton rephrased the term. Japan should have no defense against Lee’s charges that Japan’s practice of sex slavery was “an issue of women’s rights in a time of war and an act in violation of the universal value of humans and against the

ready made it clear it will not respond to Tokyo’s moves pertaining to the international court whose arbitration would have no binding effect. Korea’s position has been consistent whenever Japan has raised the issue. At home, Lee’s visit to the Dokdo Islets was hailed by the ruling Saenuri Party as a legitimate exercise of presidential duty to protect Korea’s sovereignty over the Dokdo Islets. His approval rate went up to 66 percent after his trip. He also made tough statements on other unsettled issues like Japan’s practice of sex slavery during World War II. The same visit was criticized by the opposition Democratic United Party as “an abrupt political show by the President who revealed the limits of his diplomatic leadership.” Only in June, the Lee administration was pushing for an ROK-Japan agreement on intelligence sharing, which was blocked by the results of clumsy handling and antiJapanese sentiment arising from issues like Dokdo and sex slavery. Lee said he planned the Dokdo visit two or three years ago, while he was still pursuing a quiet, pragmatic policy toward Japan. While the trip itself is justified and it was generally supported by the public in Korea, some of his statements afterwards were considered unwise. For example, he said, “The Japanese emperor must apologize to Korean independence fighters before he visits Korea.” It is true that the Japanese emperor, as the figurehead of Japan, has never made a clear apology for his nation’s misdeeds during its colonial rule over Korea. However, there has been no recent discussion of him visit-

evolution of history.” The President previously pointed out Japanese reluctance to the resolution of these issues was largely because of its domestic politics. There were 234 victims of sex slavery who registered with the authorities, but only 61 of them, now in their 80s, are still alive. Supporters of these victims erected a statute of a girl as a symbol of victimization in front of the Japanese Embassy in Seoul. This became an irritant that in a bilateral summit meeting, the Japanese prime minister demanded its removal. A private group of Japanese women came to Korea to apologize to the victims on behalf of their government. On the Dokdo issue, a poll reported only 20 percent of Japanese high school students thought Takeshima was their territory while 60 percent of them had no interest in the issue. Unfortunately, these issues are still hot potatoes for Japanese politics among adults. In domestic calculations, President Lee may have recovered leverage in demonstrating his urgent economic policy for the remainder of his term. On a diplomatic front, his government has isolated itself with a series of policy failures on North Korea, China and now Japan. Washington stands neutral on the sensitive territorial issue between Seoul and Tokyo. In diplomatic calculation, neither South Korea nor Japan can afford a diplomatic warfare from which neither side can gain in the long term. The two should seek a constructive exit strategy from this nagging trap, maybe with Washington’s intermediation. What’s your take? Courtesy.—Korean Times.

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Politics of violence MUHAMMAD NURUL HUDA

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ISMAL thoughts would surely occupy the minds of sane Bangladeshis when they venture to think of the deadly destruction and carnage of August 21, 2004. It was on that day the nation witnessed an unprecedented diabolic attempt to wipe out the leaders of a political party. Our double jeopardy was that a most unfortunate and condemnable criminal incident was followed by a callous and slipshod investigation that only enraged the discerning public. The criminal case in question has been further investigated and important points need to be clarified. There is allegation of establishment complicity in the gory killing and maiming. Top enforcement officials who have been booked in the case have to prove that they did not have any criminal intention in their alleged failings. The important question, however, is that whether the dastardly offence was politically designed and executed through foot soldiers. We will have to wait for the conclusion of the trial to find answers to many unanswered queries. What, however, should cause concern is the deadly contour of our confrontational politics. We may have to admit extreme actions leading to the annihilation of the political adversary, though reprehensible, continues to be a sad reality in our society. The brutal murder in broad daylight of an elected local body chief in the recent past has shocked citizens who would like to see an effective end to the deadly confrontationist politics. The question is, how and why have we reached a stage when criminal elements become sufficiently emboldened to indulge in dastardly attacks in full view of the public? To recollect, the multiple grenade assault of August 21, 2004 was clearly a manifest attempt to wipe out the entire leadership of the mainstream political party. The damage already caused with its far-reaching ramifications cannot be brushed aside. The double figure deaths and crippling injuries of hundreds should make us wonder if the state organs investigating the incident and the then political authority realised the enormity of the dastardly attack. We may also recollect that the investigation of the above incident was not taken in right earnest that it deserved and the first indication of that was the unpardonable failure to protect and preserve the scene of occurrence. There was al-

legation that physical evidence was tampered with and destroyed. The field units did not act with desired speed and circumspection. The question is, did this happen because of a so-called instruction from above? The culpability of all concerned, high and low, needs to be established. Violent incidents that include murder of politicians are outcomes in a society marked by deep polarisation, weak institutions and chronic poverty. The quantity and quality of violence characterising Bangladeshi society at all levels today has an irreducibly political context. Overt and visible violence co-exists with invisible violence that destroys the identity of human beings. The visible violence, being situational and physical, can be dealt with through law and order solutions. The invisible violence being structural and requiring radical solutions, however, flows into and determines physical violence in a bipolar interaction. Bangladesh today is witnessing the politics of violence, which means resorting to physical violence to promote a political objective, as well as the violence of politics built into the institutionalised structure of politics. Unfortunately, there has been no serious policy discussion on the phenomenon of violence in Bangladeshi society, though there has been plenty of retail discussion in media. Politics did enter into a situation in which hired thugs who perpetrated violence were assured of protection from prosecution. Very few felt ashamed as politics in our parlance acquired a pejorative connotation by the fact of its manifest association with conflict and violence. The civil society has been undermined by the stimulation of politics based on division and acrimony. Cynical observers of our social scene are of the distressing view that there is a functional utility of violence for politicians. Such opinions point an accusing finger towards the suspected state complicity in the perpetration of organised acts of violence and the inordinate delays in securing justice for the victims. This delay is alarming as it sends a clear message to potential delinquents that no harm will come to them in the event of repeated performances of criminal activities. In Bangladesh we need to seriously acknowledge the significance of authoritative approval or condoning of violence because such action is construed as social approval. The so-called political circumstances have often obstructed accountability of the culpable individuals. There is good reason to doubt that

considerable number of officials abnegated their responsibility to protect all citizens regardless of their identity. The disturbing reality in Bangladesh is that with the change of political regime the faces of the criminals and their sources of patronage change. At times the same criminals who had terrorised the community under the patronage of the outgoing ruling party continued their depredations with a renewed mandate from the incumbent ruling party. Quite often, the disconcerting socio-political reality is that the source of deterioration in crime and order situations originated in the continuing patronage of criminals and bullies by the incumbent ruling party. Practically, what the people see is the end result of cumulative process of patronised crime, practiced over successive regimes. The premonition is that if criminals continue to enjoy immunity from law enforcement over successive administrations then we have a systemic crisis at hand, and a serious one at that. The manifestation of that crisis relates to the allegation of selective law enforcement scenario wherein state functionaries hesitate to enforce the law, suo moto. The suspicion is that the systemic deficiency is located within the political parties and machinery of law enforcement. The desired corrective actions cannot be unilaterally taken by the ruling party and quite distinctly calls for a bipartisan approach with active involvement of the civil society. Demobilisation of criminal elements by the ruling party demands a reciprocal response from the political opponents. The remedy lies in cleaning our politics through its decriminalisation, backed by the de-politicisation of law enforcement as well as the administration. Courtesy - Daily Star. The writer is a columnist of The Daily Star. he time is right for ‘rules of the road’ in the cosmosBy Michael KreponChina is at the cusp of its “SALT moment” with the United States. Moscow and Washington were at a similar juncture in 1969, when the strategic arms limitation talks got underway. President Richard Nixon and General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev decided to try to stabilize a competition in which both superpowers were poised to multiply their strategic offensive forces. The United States was on the verge of deploying national ballistic-missile defenses as well.The odds of success were limited, since neither country had a history of substantive engagement on these issues or of coordinating government positions for complex negotiations of this kind. leaders can see the wisdom of this initiative. Courtesy.—Daily Stare


Obama: Ryan plan means lower taxes for Romney

Eid being celebrated today From Page 1 Swabi, Nowshera, Kohat, Hangu, Bannu, Lakki Marwat and Tank districts and in some pockets of Malakand agency, Swat, Dir Upper and Dir Lower, DI Khan. While Hazara Division comprising Abbotabad, Haripur, Mansehra, Bartagram and Kohistan districts was fasting on Sunday. Chitral also observed 30th fasting days, like rest of the country. Federal Minister for Railways in a brief chat after Eid prayer told media that Central Ruet e Hilal Committee did not accept the evidences provided by the people of KP. Those who celebrated Eid are also respected and those observed fasting are also respected for us, he explained. Bilour said Eid is a religious festival and should not be politicized. To make his presence known and voice heart, Chief of Tehreek-e-Sooba Hazara, Baba Haider Zaman has said that people of Hazara division would celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr on Monday as per the decision of Central Ruet-e-Hilal Committee. Meanwhile, Eid-ul-Fitr will be observed today (Monday) with religious zeal and fervor. Big Eid congregations will be held at open places‚ mosques and Eidgahs in all major cities and towns. The Ulema in their sermons will highlight the significance and philosophy of Eid-ul-Fitr. Special prayers will be offered for the progress and prosperity of the country and welfare of the Muslim Ummah. Prayers will also be offered for early liberation of occupied Muslim territories including Kashmir and Palestine. In the Federal capital the main Eid congregation will be held at the Faisal Mosque where parliamentarians‚ envoys of Muslim countries and top government officials will offer Eid prayers along with hundreds of people. Security has been beefed up in different parts of the country including the federal capital to avoid any untoward incident on the auspicious occasion.— Agencies

Musharraf for polls under armed forces From Page 1 transparent general elections will bring change in the country. He said he would announce his coming back to Pakistan prior to the next general elections. Pervez Musharraf termed terrorism as a curse and stressed that this menace should be shackled. He noted sectarianism is destroying the country. He said he has no knowledge about who is involved in the Karachi unrest.—Online

Karzai, Panetta discuss ‘insider strikes’ From Page 1 continue working closely with ISAF Commander General John Allen to further strengthen ISAF-Afghan cooperation to counter the insider attack threat, including augmented counterintelligence measures, even more rigorous vetting of Afghan recruits, and stepped up engagement with village elders, who often play a key role by vouching for Afghan security personnel,” Little said.—NNI

Muslim unity driving force From Page 1 Culture and Information Minister Dr. Abdul Aziz Khoja. King Abdullah and Prince Salman emphasized the importance of Islamic faith, saying “There is no honour greater than the honour being affiliated to Islam and serving the nation and its people.” King Abdullah, meanwhile, received telephone calls from Bahrain’s King Hamad and Jordan’s King Abdallah, who congratulated him on the occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr. Also, Prince Sultan bin Salman, chairman of Saudi Commission for Tourism and Antiquities, congratulated the king and crown prince as well as Saudi people and Muslims all over the world on the occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr. He said the SCTA has made arrangements for Eid celebrations all over the country in coordination with regional governorates. The commission organized 21 tourism festivals during this summer, attracting more than 10.6 million visitors.—NNI

W INDHAM , NH—President Republican’s plan would raise capital gains and implements Obama today ratcheted up attacks on Mitt Romney over his personal tax rate, accusing the presumptive GOP nominee of choosing a running mate whose budget plan would reduce his tax burden to less than 1 percent each year. “His new running mate, Congressman [Paul] Ryan, put forward a plan that would let Governor Romney pay less than 1 percent in taxes each year,” Obama said on the stump in Windham, N.H. “Here’s the kicker: he expects you to pick up the tab. Governor Romney’s tax plan would actually raise taxes on middle-class families with children by an average of $2,000. Not to reduce the deficit, or grow jobs, or invest in education -but to give another tax cut to people like him,” Obama said. The charge is based on an analysis by Roll Call earlier this month of Ryan’s “Roadmap for MADINA MUNAWWARA: President PML-N offering Eid-ul-Fitre prayer in Masjid-e-Nabwi on Sunday. Senator Ishaq America’s Future” 2010 budget, Dar and Syed Ghous Ali Shah are also present. which would eliminate taxes on capital gains, dividends and interest - the primary sources of Romney’s income. A separate From Page 1 study by the nonpartisan Tax dus, and that the Indian authori- Policy Center, disputed by the ties should act responsibly on Romney campaign, found the issues of a sensitive nature. Talking from Bumborate on injured badly but he survived CHITRAL—Afghan extremists Meanwhile sources in the after crossing borders from Telephone former Naib Nazim miraculously. Pakistan high commission council Ayun Khurshid alleged that quoted by IANS said such reNooristan province infiltrated Union into Kalash valley of Pakistan, Muhammad Khurshid de- mostly Border police deployed marks only widen the trust defikidnapped 660 goats after kill- manded of from district admin- at rest house and other easy cit between the two countries. ing one shepherd Ibaduddin istration to deploy border police places they should to be sent on The Pakistani sources said Kalash who was looking after (border security forces) at Pak- forward posts near Afghanistan these were “cooked up” charges.” TOKYO—Seven people, most Afghan border area instead of border to protect borders of the Instead of indulging in mud- of them elderly women, died these cattles. District police officer Chitral town and rest houses. country for which they have slinging and blame game, it’s after eating pickles contamiHe said that Afghan miscre- been recruited. It is worth to time for India to address its in- nated with E. coli in northern Chitral said that some miscreants entered into Pakistani ter- ants entered in Pastrik area near mention here that Afghan Mili- ternal issues,” the source told Japan, officials said Sunday, in ritory from Nooristan province border area and kidnapped tants often enter into Pakistani IANS. the country’s deadliest mass of Afghanistan who kidnapped Ibaduddin son of Garzi Khan territory and kidnap cattle as “Such comments only food poisoning in 10 years. 660 goats and killed Shepherd Kalash and killed him later one well as people from Pakistan widen the trust deficit. A total of 103 others have while another shepherded was side.—INP Ibaduddin Kalash. Singh had said India will been made ill after eating the take up the issue with Pakistan. same lightly pickled Chinese “I am certain they will deny our cabbage produced in late July by information but our technical a company in the city of team is very certain of the in- Sapporo, according to health formation it has gathered,” he bulletins issued by the local government. said.—Online Of the dead, six were elderly women who ate the pickles Later, a 5.9 magnitude Nugroho, spokesman for JAKARTA—A magnitude 6.6 at nursing homes in Sapporo and earthquake struck 35 miles Indonesia’s National Disaster quake struck 150 miles northeast of Ternate, in the southeast of Palu on the Indo- Mitigation Agency. “Initial information we re- Moluccas islands off Indonenesian island of Sulawesi, injurFrom Page 1 ing a child and damaging at least ceived is the access to Kulawi sia, at a depth of 29 miles, the Sources said that Jaffar ExUSGS said. (central Sulawesi) is cut and cars 48 houses just as residents were The Sulawesi quake had no press on way to Rawalpindi breaking the Ramadan fast, au- could not get through because TAJAMMUL GURMANI there was a landslide. About 40 tsunami potential, said from Quetta was about to reach thorities said. Kolpur station, when the driver Subagiyo, an earthquake centre houses were damaged and a The quake was originally reported by the U.S. Geological child was injured because the official in the capital Jakarta. of the train having seen some LONDON—The Muslim comThe U.S. Pacific Tsunami suspected material on the rail- munity in United Kingdom Survey said as having a magni- house’s wall fell on him,” he told Warning Center said a destruc- way line informed the officials, (UK) celebrated Eidul Fitr on tude of 6.5. The depth was re- Reuters by telephone. He added that eight houses tive tsunami was not generated while on search presence of ex- Sunday when clerics of differported at 12.5 miles. “The quake was felt were “severely damaged” in a by the earthquake and that the plosives was confirmed and ent school of thoughts have strongly for 15 seconds in Palu nearby area and said that in Japan Meteorological Agency bomb disposal squad was called agreed to moon sighting of Islamic month of Shawwal and as people were breaking the Indonesia’s Aceh province four may issue additional informa- for defusing it. —INP they announced one eid. During tion on the quake.—SANA fast,” said Sutopo Purwo people died in a flash flood. the last eight years, it was first time when Muslims have celebrated single eid in UK and Europe. From Page 1 According to details Britain one entered her house accusing Muslim clerics had divided in the family of burning pages of two groups when holy month of the Quran. This provoked people Ramadan started but interestFrom Back Page of the katchi abadi who gathered ingly, on Saturday evening, all and beat the mother and sister of religious clerics belonged to Hijab was the highest-level 190 Syrians were killed on Sat- by the conflict next door. Ramsha and also burned some Deobndi, Ahle Hadith and Aahle Syrian official to desert the gov- urday, 62 of them in Damascus Brahimi will have a new houses of the Christians. Sunnat school of thoughts have ernment so far. Reports on Sat- and the surrounding countryside title, Joint Special RepresentaWhile the Christian popula- announced that Eidul Fitr would urday that Shara, also a Sunni, as a result of bombardment by tive for Syria. Diplomats said tion is reported to have fled the be celebrated on Sunday, August had tried to bolt to Jordan drew government forces. The figure this was to distance him from area, the police arrested the 19 after moon sighting of a denial from the government. could not be independently veri- Annan, who complained that his mother and sister of Ramsha Shawwal. Shara had “never thought fied. peaceful transition plan was sending the latter to Adiala It was stated here that clerfor a moment about leaving the The Observatory added that crippled by splits between West- prison. President Zardari said ics and followers of Deobndi, country”, according to a state- protesters took to the streets in ern powers - who want Assad that blasphemy by anyone can- Ahle Hadith schools of thoughts ment from his office broadcast and around Damascus and in out - and Russia - his weightiest not be condoned but no one will in Britain always celebrated on state television. Shara, whose Idlib province in the northwest ally - and China in the U.N. Se- be allowed to misuse the blas- Ramadan, Eid and other relicousin - an intelligence officer - to demand an end to Assad’s rule curity Council. phemy law for settling personal announced his own defection on following Sunday’s Eid rites. Describing the situation in scores.—APP Thursday, comes from Deraa Aleppo has been the theatre Syria as “absolutely terrible”, province where the revolt began for some of the heaviest recent Brahimi told Reuters he urgently From Back Page against Assad. fighting. Rebels hold several needed to clarify what support The same intelligence buildThe 73-year-old ex-foreign districts in the country’s largest the United Nations can give him ing had come under attack in minister kept a low profile as the city and have tried to push back and said it was too soon to say 2010 by al-Qaida. Saturday’s revolt mushroomed but surfaced an army counter-offensive. whether Assad should step down attack, which took nearly 45 in public last month at a state In the town of Tel, north of - in contrast to Annan who said minutes, carries the fingerprints funeral for three of the slain of- Damascus, local activists said it was clear the Syrian leader ficials: the fourth died later of the bodies of 40 people killed by “must leave office”. CLAYTON, NJ—Authorities say of the group, a security official his wounds. bombardment were gathered toThe last U.N. observers who a 15-year-old New Jersey girl has said. Officials and the witnesses, The statement said he had gether for a joint burial. A pic- deployed in Syria four months been charged with arson and atworked since the start of the ture showed what appeared to be ago to monitor Annan’s failed tempted murder, accused of set- who are government employees, uprising to find a peaceful, po- several corpses wrapped in col- ceasefire planned to leave after ting her family’s house on fire spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not autholitical solution and welcomed orful blankets on a street. midnight on Sunday, when their and trying to kill them. the appointment of Algerian Syrian state television re- mandate expires. The girl faces two counts of rized to talk to the press. The diplomat Lakhdar Brahimi as a ported that government forces They will leave a “liaison aggravated arson and six counts United States considers al-Qaida new international mediator for had thwarted several attempts by office” open in Damascus after of attempted murder in the early in The Arabian Peninsula as the Syria. armed groups to infiltrate Syria their departure, though its size Saturday morning fire in terror network’s most dangerous Brahimi, who hesitated for from neighboring Lebanon, a and role have not been finalized, Clayton. She is to appear in offshoot, held responsible for days before accepting a job that country whose own fragile sta- a U.N. spokeswoman said.— Family Court Monday in several failed attacks on U.S. territory.—Agencies France’s U.N. envoy Gerard bility has been put under strain Agencies Woodbury..—Agencies Araud called an “impossible mission”, will replace former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan, who is leaving at the end of the month. routes of Metro Bus Project, family. He directed that the for removing flaws. He directed SALIM AHMED Annan’s six-point plan to here Sunday. Senator Pervaiz routes of metro bus service authorities concerned to display stop the violence and advance towards negotiations was based LAHORE—Punjab Chief Min- Rasheed, Assembly Members should be made safe through no laxity or negligence regardon an April ceasefire agreement ister, Muhammad Shahbaz Mehr Ishtiaq, Hafiz Muhammad evolving a comprehensive strat- ing the safety arrangements on which never took hold. The con- Sharif has issued instructions for Nauman, Managing Director egy for checking such incidents. the routes of metro bus project flict has deepened since then. making foolproof safety ar- Metro Bus Project, Commis- He said that an awareness cam- as no compromise can be made Assad’s forces have resorted rangements on the routes of sioner Lahore Division, acting paign should also be launched on the safety of human lives. He directed traffic police increasingly to air power to hold metro bus project and directed Inspector General Punjab Po- regarding the safety arrangeback lightly armed insurgents in authorities concerned to take all lice, DIG Operations, DG LDA ments as well as the utility of that a recorded message should Damascus and Aleppo, Syria’s out protective measures within and other concerned officers metro bus project. He directed be played on the routes of metro largest city and business hub. available resources to ensure were present. The Chief Minis- to ensure the presence of police bus project again and again so More than 18,000 people have safety of human lives. He said ter announced financial assis- and the staff of the departments that people could be apprised of died in Syria’s bloodshed and that special measures should be tance of Rs. 5 lakh for the fam- concerned on the routes of metro the nature of work and the about 170,000 have fled the taken for this purpose during Eid ily of a woman Farzana who lost bus project and said that a com- timeframe. He said that special arrangeher life when she fell into a ditch prehensive framework of encountry, according to the United holidays. He was presiding over a recently and said that it was a forcement should be devised ments should be made for trafNations. The Syrian Observatory for high level meeting to review tragic incident and everyone and the monitoring process fic management during Eid holiHuman Rights said more than safety arrangements on the shares the grief of the bereaved should be made more effective days so that citizens should not

660 cattle kidnapped, shepherd killed by infiltrator

Pak tells India

rates on lower-income earners. “Ask Governor Romney and his running mate when they’re here in New Hampshire on Monday - they’re going to be coming here on Monday - ask them if they think that’s fair. Ask them how it’ll grow the economy, or strengthen the middle-class. They have tried to sell us this trickle-down snake oil before. It didn’t work then and it won’t work now,” he said. The Romney-Ryan campaign says Obama distorts the facts with his charge. Romney has said he opposes eliminating the capital gains tax for upperincome earners; elimination of the capital gains tax was also not in Ryan’s most recent budget proposal from 2012. “Following news that 44 out of 50 states saw their unemployment rates rise, it is not surprising the President is launching yet another false attack,” Romney campaign spokesman Ryan Williams said. “The fact is President Obama wants to raise taxes on private investment and job creators, which will lead to higher unemployment and fewer jobs. The Romney-Ryan Plan eliminates taxes for the middle class on interest, dividends and

pro-growth policies to deliver more jobs and more take-home pay for middle-class families.” The president also swiped at his rivals for their Medicare plan and pushed back against recent attacks that he has undermined the program. “You think they’d avoid talking about Medicare, given the fact that both of them have proposed to voucherize the Medicare system,” Obama said. “That doesn’t strengthen Medicare; that undoes the very guarantee of Medicare. That’s the core of the plan reached by Congressman Ryan and endorsed by Governor Romney,” the president said, echoing his remarks in Iowa earlier this week. Meanwhile, Ryan was in Florida at the nation’s largest retirement community, The Villages, to make the case before hundreds of seniors that Obama has already ended Medicare as it is known, cutting $700 billion in spending on the program to help pay for the Affordable Care Act. Ryan also accused Obama of not putting forward a plan to address the entitlement’s longterm financial solvency.— Agencies

Contaminated pickles Malik fears kill seven in Japan

Quake strikes Indonesia, child injured, houses damaged

Syria’s Assad makes rare appearance for Eid prayers

Explosives recovered

in another city on Hokkaido island. A four-year-old girl died on August 11 in Sapporo. In the city of Ebetsu, a woman centenarian died early Sunday from multiple-organ failure, nine days after she was hospitalised, a Hokkaido regional health official said. “She ate the pickles served at breakfast at her nursing home on August 1,” the official, Narihiko Kawamura, told AFP by telephone. The Sapporo girl died five days after developing symptoms of E. coli poisoning, according to an official at the city’s public health centre.—AFP

security will be tolerated. Meanwhile, a suicide bomber, who exploded himself in Kamra Airbase attack, has been identified as Faisal Shahzad resident of Taxila, a private news television reported on Sunday. The report said that police had arrested 16 people including two brothers of Shahzad and a retired Pakistan Air Force (PAF) servant during raided in different parts of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa province after the identification of the suicide bomber. Investigation agencies have found key evidences and information from the cell phones which were recovered from near the body of the bomber,” sources said.

Muslims celebrate one Eid in Britain

Zardari takes notice of arrest

NJ girl accused of fire attempt to kill family

From Page 1

Militants attack

Shahbaz for ensuring safety of human lives

gious festivals according to Saudi Arabia announcements but Ahle Sunnat school of thought in UK believed on moon sighting. Earlier Deobndi and Ahle Hadith followers had started fast on July 20, while Aahle Sunnat had started fast on next day, July 21this year. Due to joint eid festival the Aahle Sunnat followers have completed 29 fasts but Deobndi, Ahle Hadith followers completed 30 fasts in this year. On Saturday Markazi Jammat Ahle Sunnat has made an announcement over Shawwal moon and said that “We are pleased to announce that all countries around the world should celebrate Eid Al Fitr 2012 / Aid El Fitr 2012 [start Shawwal 2012] on Sunday, 19th August 2012. Ramadan fasting should be ended on Saturday, 18th August 2012 on the same day across the world”. The Muslim in Britain celebrated eid festival with simplicity but religious enthusiasm. There were hundred Muslims were be-

ing seen in mosques, Islamic and community centre halls. The mosques administrations have arranged four to five eid prayers between 7.30 am to 11.00 am to facilitate the worshipers. There were also sweet stalls were being set up at outside of mosques and Muslims were embracing and greeting to each others on eid occasion. Most of Muslim families and children celebrated eid festival at their homes and they arranged special parties on eid day. The Muslim community leaders including Ch. Muhammad Shafiq, General Secretary Shafiqur Rehman, Trustee Muhammad Rashid of Islamic Mosque and Cultural Centre Hounslow, Abdul Razzaq Sajid, Chairman Al Mustafa Welfare Trust, Ikhlaq Hussain Sahi, Sufi Muhammad Afzal Chairman Slough Islamic Trust, Hafiz Fazal Ahmad Qadri, Mulana Barkat Chisti and others have congratulated the Muslims community in Britain on eid occasion.


India, Russia to sign biggest-ever defence deal

Shot dead HAFIZABAD—Armed men gunned down three people including a couple and their son over old rivalry here on Sunday. According to details, armed assailants barged into a house located in village Wangy of Hafizabad and opened indiscriminate fire at the residents sleeping in the house. As a result of firing three persons including a couple and their son were killed on the spot. The miscreants fled the scene after committing triple murder. Police said that the incident is outcome of old enmity, a case has been registered against killers and a hunt for the assasins was underway.—INP

Clash KHUZDAR—Clash between two tribes in the Nach area of Khuzdar, claimed three lives, injuring three persons. According details, two tribes opened fire on each other, amid old rivalry, as a result of which three persons including Muhammad Yusuf were killed and another three including Taj Muhammad got injured. The dead and the injured were shifted to the hospital. The incident feared population of the area while the authorities concerned are investigating the matter.—Online

SYRIA: A rare moment of contemplation for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad as he attends Eid prayers at a Damascus mosque.

Syria’s Assad makes rare appearance for Eid prayers B EIRUT —Syrian President Bashar al-Assad performed Eid prayers in a Damascus mosque on Sunday, state television showed, his first appearance in public since a stunning July bombing in the capital that killed four of his top security officials. Assad, battling a 17-monthold uprising against 42 years of rule by his family, was accompanied by his prime minister and foreign minister but not his vice president, Farouq al-Shara, whose reported defection was denied the previous day.

Bashir Ahmad Rahmani HAFIZABAD—After a week’s “concession” the WAPDA here has reverted to “old habit” by manoeuvring prolonged and unscheduled loadshedding thus making the lives of citizens absolutely miserable during this muggy weather. Since Friday WAPDA has resorted to 18 to 29 hours loadshedding but on Saturday and Sunday it played hide and seek throughout two days. It surpassed all previous records as it “conferred” power supply here for only an hour during the last night which made the lives of children, patients and old-aged very difficult as the passed sleepless night.

Model village Staff Reporter HAFIZABAD—The CM Punjab Mian Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has also ordered for conversion of village Mian Raheema (village of BA topper Mohsin) to a Model Village and provides all sorts of facilities of a model village such as potable water, sewerage system and pavement of streets. He said that he was proud of such talented & poor youth who got highest distinction by his sheer hard work. The CM has already ordered up gradation of high school in the village to higher secondary school and appointment of doctors in the Basic Health Unit (BHU). The villagers have too much pleased on the announcement of the CM.

sions between world powers and inter-Arab rivalries, Syria faces an unabating conflict that threatens to destabilize the Middle East with its sectarian reverberations, pitting a mainly Sunni Muslim opposition against the Alawite minority to which Assad belongs. In the footage broadcast on Sunday, Assad sat cross-legged during a sermon in which Syria was described as the victim of terrorism and a conspiracy hatched by the United States, Israel, the West and Arab states but which would not “defeat our

Foreign soldiers in Afghanistan to be armed at all times WASHINGTON—ISAF Com- within Afghan security forces

mander General John Allen has Killed ordered soldiers in Afghanistan Bashir Ahmad Rahmani to be armed at all times to protect themselves from green on HAFIZABAD—Three of a family including a middle-aged blue attacks, US Fox News rewoman were shot at and killed ported. As many as 39 foreign sollast night in most infamous diers were killed by their Afghan village Wingay, due to an year counterparts since January 2012. long rivalry between the A Pentagon spokesman said that deceased and accused parties, over “honour”. The sadar police only 11 percent of such attacks have registered a case U/S 302/ have been caused by enemy in148/149 PPC against Nasr Iqbal filtration. The Sunday Telegraph also and his fifteen accomplices, five reported that “nearly 300 NATO of them have been arrested. intelligence officials deployed According to police source, Faiza daughter of deceased Yousaf had married a Youngman Nasr Iqbal of the same village about a year back against the wishes of her parents.

Loadshedding

His administration shaken by the July 18 attack and defections including that of his last prime minister, Assad’s recent appearances had been restricted to state television footage of him during official business. Most recently, he was shown swearing in the new prime minister a week ago. Syria’s civil war has intensified since the audacious attack that killed members of Assad’s long inaccessible inner circle including his defense minister and brotherin-law. With diplomatic efforts to end the war hampered by divi-

and the commander of ANA has order a background check for all 150,000 soldiers through biometric machines.” US defence secretary Leon Panetta announced on Tuesday that the United States also is expanding the number of counterintelligence personnel in Afghanistan after the recent jump in insider attacks. Mr. Panetta said he was deeply concerned by the killings “because of the lives lost and because of the potential damage to our partnership efforts.”

General Martin Dempsey, Chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, added the US military is boosting counterintelligence expertise at battalion level and above in Afghanistan Insider attacks have risen sharply this year to 29, up from 11 in 2011, according to the Associated Press. It is too early to tell what is behind this increase in attacks, ISAF says. However, likely explanations are Taliban infiltration of Afghan security forces, or a breakdown in relations between Afghan and US troops.—NNI

Militants attack Yemen intelligence HQ, 20 killed

SANAA—The death toll of an al- of southern towns near Aden. Qaida suspected attack on a Yemeni intelligence headquarters rose to 20 on Saturday, in the worst such attack in a year that highlights the challenges faced by the country’s new leadership as it struggles to bring security and reconcile a military with split loyalties. The attack, in the heart of the port city of Aden, underscored al-Qaida’s ability to launch deadly strikes despite a two-month Yemeni military offensive backed by the U.S. that earlier this year dislodged militants who had taken over a string

In a coordinated attack, two groups of masked militants stormed the intelligence building from two sides, firing automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenades, according to intelligence officials in the city and witnesses from the adjacent state TV and radio building. While one group clashed with guards of the intelligence building’s main gate, a second threw a bomb at a small mosque, killing soldiers who were resting and sleeping inside, officials said. The gunmen then sprayed their victims with bullets before

detonating a car bomb in front of the intelligence building, collapsing its facade. Witnesses said they saw gunmen open fire on three soldiers at a front gate, killing them on the spot, before launching rocket-propelled grenades at the building and mistakenly hitting the television offices. Two female reporters were critically wounded, witnesses said. By the end of the day, 20 were dead. All were military and security men except for one civilian, while six other civilians were injured aside from the reporters.

Continued on Page 7

Islam, our ideology and our determination in Syria”. Eid prayers mark the end of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan. Assad, dressed in a suit and tie, smiled as he greeted officials including senior members of his Baath Party. In attendance were Foreign Minister Walid al-Moualem and Prime Minister Wael al-Halki. He is the replacement for Riyad Hijab, a Sunni who has joined the opposition to Assad since his defection was announced on August 6.

NEW DELHI—Arms obsessive India’s quest for a futuristic stealth fifth-generation fighter, which will see the country spend around $35 billion over the next 20 years in its biggest-ever defence project, has zoomed into the decisive phase now, Indian media reported on Sunday. India and Russia are getting all set to ink the full and final design or R&D phase contract for the 5th Gen fighter by this year-end or early-2013, say sources. It will again underline India’s firm rejection of the US offer of its Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) or the F-35 ‘Lightning-II’. Ahead of the R&D contract, under which India wants to induct over 200 stealth fighters from 2022 onwards, a senior team of Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) engineers and IAF experts is going to Russia within a fortnight to ensure that the “full documentation and other work” of the earlier preliminary design contract (PDC) has been completed. During his visit to Moscow

last week, IAF chief Air Chief Marshal N A K Browne reviewed the performance of the 5th Gen fighter, called Sukhoi T-50. While the Indian fighter will primarily be based on the T-50, it will be tweaked to IAF requirements. India had inked the $295 million PDC with Russia in December, 2010. The R&D contract on the anvil is pegged at $11 billion, with India and Russia chipping in with $5.5 billion each. “The three Russian T-50 prototypes have flown around 180 sorties till now. HAL’s Ozar facility at Nashik will get three prototypes in 2014, 2017 and 2019...they will be flown by IAF test pilots,” said a source. “Russia has already given the draft R&D contract to us. It will include the cost of designing, infrastructure build-up at Ozar, prototype development and flight testing. So, India will have scientists and test pilots based both in Russia and Ozar during the R&D phase up to

Four killed, 6 injured in AJK road mishap

M UZAFFARABAD —At least four persons were killed and six others injured when a passenger bus rammed into a shot after it got out of control of driver here late Saturday night. According to details, a passenger bus with 25 people on board was on its way to Bagh district of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) from Rawalpindi Continued on Page 7 when it hit a shot in Mirzapur, Kotli Sattiyan due to reckless driving and overspeeding..—INP

Indian Muslims to celebrate Eid today

NEW DELHI—Barring Kerala and few other cities in South, Indian Muslims across the country will celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr on Monday. The decision was taken by various Moon sighting committees after they failed to receive any confirmed report of Moon sighting on Saturday. “We will be fasting on Sunday and it will be the last day of Ramadan - the holy month of fasting. Eid-ul-Fitr will be celebrated on Monday”, Ahmed Bukhari, Imam of Delhi’s Jama Masjid, announced late in the evening on Saturday. Mufti Mukarram, Imam of the Fatehpuri Masjid, Delhi also announced that since moon was not sighted on Saturday, they would be fasting on Sunday and the first day of Eid-ul-Fitr would be on Monday. In Patna and Kolkata, the cities in India where sunset time is earlier than other parts of the country, new moon could not be seen on Saturday. “We have not received any confirmed report of moon sighting from any place till now”, Imtiyaz Rehmani of Khanqahe-Rehmania told ummid.comon phone at around 07:50 pm. Speaking to ummid.com on phone from Bangalore, Dr Hamiduddin said, “The city had a rain this evening and the sky is currently completely cloudy. Hence there is no question of sighting of the new moon.” Reports from Hyderabad also said that there was no report of moon sighting from any part of the city and neighbouring areas.—Agencies

Haidri slams central Reut-e-Hilal Committee OKARA—Jammiat Ulema-e-Is- Haidri said that as per Islamic differences among the provlam (JUI-F) central general secretary Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Haidri has said that Reut-e-Hilal Committee completely ignored 22 evidences of renowned Ulema of Khyber Pakhtunkhawa regarding sighting of Shaawal moon which is against Islamic norms. In a telephonic chat with members of Okara Press Club here on Sunday, Abdul Ghafoor

law two reliable witnesses were enough but Ruet-e-Hilal Committee on the basis of differences rejected 22 renowned Ulemas’ witnesses. He said that Ruet-e-Hilal committee has become controversial therefore it should be restructured and re-organized making the body unbiased and above of sectarian considerations and bringing to an end

Pak, India to work together for peace, Rehman tells Shinde ISLAMABAD—Pakistan and India agreed to work together for peace and prosperity in the greater interest of the people of the region. This was said in a telephonic conversation between Federal Minister for Interior, Rehman Malik and Indian Home Minister, Sunil Kumar Shinde on Sunday . Both the ministers decided to handle the issues with mutual cooperation and keep a close interaction between the two ministers. They also reiterated their resolve to bring the culprits of Mumbai Attack to justice with mutual assistance to each other. Pakistan will extend full coop-

eration to root out terrorism from this region., Malik assured Indian Minister. The Minister for Interior, Rehman Malik extended invitation to Home Minister India, Sunil Kumar Shinde to visit Pakistan to finalize visa agreement which had already been agreed during the meeting of Home Secretaries of both sides. The Home Minister, India thanked and offered Eid Greetings to Senator Rehman Malik, Federal Minister for Interior and the people of Pakistan while Rehman Malik congratulated Shinde on his elevation as Home Minister and wished him best of luck.—Online

Feasts and fireworks as Muslims in Asia mark Eid JAKARTA—Millions of Mus- world’s largest Muslim-major- Turkic speaking minority, has top local musicians and dancers hands painted with henna. lims across Asia began celebrating the Eid-ul-Fitr holiday on Sunday, with a month of fasting giving way to feasting, family re-unions and raucous festivities. Vast crowds gathered at mosques, fireworks lit up the night sky and tens of millions headed home to villages to see their relatives and mark the end of the holy month of Ramazan. In the Indonesian capital Jakarta, dozens of drummers accompanied a chanting crowd and fire-works shot up from backyards, while mosques played loud music to usher in weeklong festivities in the

ity nation. Dian, who like many Indonesians goes by one name, took his family to a mosque in the capital for an early morning sermon with thousands of Muslims, including sleeping children who had stayed up all night. “We are very happy today, after 30 days of devoting our life to God,” he said. In China, Muslims in the restive western region of Xinjiang visited the tombs of dead relatives and left offerings of food after morning prayers, state news agency Xinhua reported. Xinjiang, home to around nine million Muslim Uighurs, a

been rocked by repeated outbreaks of ethnic violence, with many accusing China’s leaders of religious and political persecution. But Ramadan had “passed peace-fully”, said Liu Zhenqiang, director of the regional ethnic affairs committee, according to Xinhua. In Malaysia, Prime Minister Na-jib Razak opened his official residence in Kuala Lumpur to the public for the start of festivities, with tens of thousands of people attending, among them foreign dignitaries and tourists. Guests were entertained by

2019. HAL will subsequently begin manufacturing the fighters,” he added. Interestingly, after first specifying the requirement for at least 166 single-seat and 48 twin-seat of these 5th Gen fighters, India is veering around to the view that it will go in for only single-cockpit jets now. “Both F-35 and T-50 are single-seaters. A second cockpit will compromise the stealth capabilities by at least 15% apart from adding to the weight and reducing fuel capacity. Moreover, R&D costs could go up by another $2 billion for the twinseater,” he said. IAF is confident the swingrole fighter will meet its future operational needs. As a critical interim measure and confronted with a declining number of fighter squadrons, IAF also wants the almost $20 billion MMRCA (medium multi-role combat aircraft) project to acquire 126 French Rafale fighters to be sealed within this fiscal.—Online

and were treated to a huge feast of traditional Malay food. Muslims in the southern Indian state of Kerala also began Eid on Sunday, a day earlier than Muslims across the rest of the country, with the faithful praying in mosques and charities handing out gifts to the needy. Festivities were set to start across most parts of Pakistan on Mon-day, but people were already winding down and getting into the holiday spirit, with markets crowded across the country, in-cluding in the capital Islamabad. Women flocked to stalls to buy jewellery and have their

Millions in Bangladesh continued their exodus from major cities to countryside villages before Eid on Monday. Despite government efforts to stop overcrowding on public transport, millions crammed onto buses, trains and ferries, balancing on rooftops and dangling out of windows. In war-torn Afghanistan, Eid began with an early morning bomb explosion in a cemetery in the Helmand provincial capital of Lashkar Gah that killed two people and wounded seven others, officials said. “Women and children were among the victims and they

were from one family,” Helmand police spokesman Farid Ahmad Farhang told AFP. Many Afghan families visit the graves of relatives during Eid. There was no immediate claim of responsibility, but homemade bombs are a favourite weapon of Taliban Islamists fighting to overthrow the Western-backed government of President Hamid Karzai. In an Eid message, Karzai said: “Even in the holy month of Ramadan, the enemies of Islam and Muslims under the name of Taliban continued to oppress the Afghan nation.”—AFP

inces over celebration of eid which has become every day feature. The JUI-F Secretary General said though accepting the central Ruet-e-Hilal committee decision he was observing fast and will celebrate eid on Monday (today) but he has grave reservations over the committee’s decision regarding Shawala moon sighting.—INP

Sudan plane crash kills all 32 on board KHARTOUM—The office of the Sudanese president says all 32 people on board died when a plane carrying a government delegation crashed in the country’s south. The crash in the early hours of Sunday killed the country’s minister of endowment, Ghazi al-Sadeq, and a leading member of Sudan’s Peace and Justice Party, Makki Balayela. They were en route to the volatile South Kordofan state, to attend prayers for a Muslim holiday. Earlier reports from Sudan’s state news agency SUNA said the plane crashed “due to harsh weather conditions” in a mountainous area near Talodi, a small town about 650 kilometers, or 406 miles, southwest of the capital, Khartoum.—Agencies

Chinese politician’s wife due to hear verdict HEFEI (CHINA)—A fallen Chi-

nese politician’s wife who confessed to killing a British businessman is due to hear the verdict Monday in her murder trial, but Communist Party leaders may already have decided against a death penalty for fear it could incite public sympathy for her. The conclusion of Gu Kailai’s trial will be a step toward closing a scandal that has rocked the Chinese leadership at a sensitive time when it is preparing to hand over power to younger leaders..—Agencies


New drug aids gout patients not helped by standard treatments

I

NJECTIONS of pegloticase, a modified porcine enzyme, can produce signifi cant and sustained clinical improvements in 2 out of 5 patients with chronic gout that is resistant to conventional therapies, researchers report in JAMA. In two controlled clinical trials, pegloticase rapidly lowered high levels of uric acid, the biochemical abnormality in gout, and kept it in the normal range for six months or more in 42 percent of patients receiving the drug every two weeks. Forty percent of patients had complete resolution of at least one of the painful swollen joint nodules, known as tophi, a hallmark of severe gout. Injections of pegloticase, a modified porcine enzyme, can produce significant and sustained clinical improvements in 2 out of 5 patients with chronic gout that is resistant to conventional therapies, researchers report in the August 17, 2011, issue of JAMA. In two controlled clinical trials, pegloticase rapidly lowered high levels of uric acid, the biochemical abnormality in gout, and kept it in the normal range for six months or more in 42 percent of patients receiving the drug every two weeks. Forty percent of patients had complete resolution of at least one of the painful swollen joint nodules, known as tophi, a hallmark of severe gout. “This represents the first effective therapy for a group of patients who previously had no options at all,” said the study’s sen-ior author, Michael A. Becker,

MD, professor of medicine at the University of Chicago. “This is for patients with severe gout, in-cluding major disabilities and high levels of pain. Many of these people had dramatic responses within months, some with com-plete resolution of tophi, as well as reduced levels of pain and disability. The rapidity of these outcomes is unheard of.” “People are dramatically helped by the drug,” said rheumatologist John S. Sundy, MD, PhD, director of the Duke Clinical Re-search Unit and lead author of the study. The drug’s response among patients who have failed common therapies is typically an “all-or-nothing result,” he added, “providing marked relief for those who benefit.” Becker cautioned that “it’s not curative, but it resets the clock, moving the hands back on a patient’s struggle with a progres-sive disease.” Once associated with European royal families, gout is increasingly a middleclass American disease, with connections to obesity, hypertension, diabetes, heart disease and alcohol abuse. An estimated 6 million people, about 2 percent of the U.S. adult popula-tion, have gout, a number that has increased by about 50 percent since 1990. The disease is caused by a gradual accumulation of uric acid. When levels exceed the saturation point, uric acid forms tiny urate crystals, like thousands of little needles, that deposit in the lining of joints and other tissues.

ISLAMABAD: Ladies busy in shopping in preparation of Eid-ul-Fitr.

Islamabad depicts a deserted look on Eid-ul-Fitr CITY REPORTER I S L A M A B A D —Islamabad, called as the most beautiful city in the country, gave totally a deserted look on Sunday as overwhelming majority of its residents left for their native homes after the announcement of three Eid holidays and two weekly holidays preceding them. Most of the population of Islamabad consist of people from different parts of the country, who come here in search of jobs, businesses and education and leave the city for their villages for Eid

celebrations. The main markets, public places and major markets including the blue area were totally closed on Sunday as people working there left for their homes. Contrary to the huge crowd of the past few days at the bus stands, railways station there were very few people seen waiting for the transport that was also thin. It is not new that the Capital is giving deserted look before Eid, it happens so on both Eids every year. As a result some of the left over people who mostly do petty jobs like

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf giving gift and Eidi to a little girl at Children Ward of Federal Government Services hospital.

Mendhi, bangles stalls attract female customers RAWALPINDI—The stalls of Mendhi and bangles, the most demanded items of Eid-ul-Fitr, attracted female customers on Sunday, the last day of Ramazan. A great rush was witnessed on the stalls set up everywhere in the city, particularly in busy markets and bazaars. The stalls of beautifully designed colorful bangles, jewellery and Mendhi in the markets of Rawalpindi were set up which were attracting particularly female customers. Women started preparing for Eid-ul-Fit many days before and commenced shopping in Ramadan, especially buying bangles, Mehndi, jewellery, cosmetic materials and other items as it is an old tradition that women and girls wear bangles to express their joy and happiness. In Rawalpindi city, a large number of such stalls were set up, particularly in busy markets including Tench Bhatta, Peoples Colony, Saddar Bazaar, Chota Bazaar, Moti Bazaar, Commercial Market, Buni Market and several others markets.—APP

guard and similar duties are finding it difficult to get eatables because all the eateries have been closed. The public transport plying between the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi was seen very limited as many people have hired the vehicles to leave for their native towns and other places and there were less people coming to Islamabad for their jobs like those working in essential services i.e. PTV, Radio Pakistan, President and PM Secretariat, intelligence agencies, police, security institutions and Newspapers and news agencies.—INP

Death anniversary of Shaukat Rizvi observed STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Death anniversary of Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi‚ a pioneer of Pakistani film industry‚ was observed on Sunday (August 19). Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi (1914-1999) was a pioneer of the Pakistani film industry. He was a film director‚ producer‚ and editor‚ and a supporting actor. Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi was born into a reputed Syed family‚ in the city of Azamgarh‚ Uttar Pradesh in 1914. His first visit to Madan Theatres was courtesy of a close relative when he was only a teenager. He began his career as an assistant projec-

tionist in Calcutta in the early 1930s and gradually learnt enough during this period to earn a job in the editing department of Madan Theatres. Following the independence of Pakistan in 1947‚ Rizvi and his wife‚ Noor Jehan moved to Lahore‚ Punjab‚ Pakistan with their three children. In Pakistan‚ Shaukat Hussain bought the property where the vandalised remains of the former Shorey Studios lay‚ and established Shahnoor Studios‚ in its place‚ on Multan Road in Lahore. He made it the most wellequipped film studio in Pakistan and began the production of his first Punjabi venture‚ Chanwey (1951) which Rizvi produced and co-directed‚ since Punjabi was a

language which he did not understand and he wasn’t credited as the director‚ Noor Jehan was. The film became a huge super hit‚ however‚ he wasn’t able to keep his Shahnoor Studios in the best condition due to his plummeting career. Imtiaz Ali Taj‚ an erstwhile intellectual‚ directed the film Gulnar for Rizvi‚ who produced the film. After the success of Gulnar‚ Rizvi divorced Noor Jehan due to personal disputes and problems. After his divorce with Madam Noor Jehan‚ he managed to make only three Urdu films‚ Jan-e-Bahar (1958)‚ Aashiq‚ and Dulhan Rani. Rizvi retired from film business and settled down with his second wife and two

sons. After his retirement‚ his four sons took over the running of his film studio‚ however‚ today‚ the studio is a vast‚ decaying premises and only 30% of it is used for filmmaking. On August 19 1999‚ Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi died in Lahore at about 85 years of age. In one of his books‚ Saadat Hassan Manto described the appearance of Rizvi when they first met in 1940. He said‚ He was a tall and dashing young man‚ fair with pink cheeks‚ a fine John Gilbert-style moustache‚ curly hair‚ extremely well-dressed in his spotless‚ well-ironed trousers and a jacket set against a jauntily knotted tie. He even walked stylishly.

Surprise visit hospital

PM directs medics to ensure care of children ISLAMABAD—Prime Minister Shaukat Kiyani to replace the Raja Pervez Ashraf on Sunday desired the best possible care for the children admitted in hospitals, particularly during the Eid-ul-Fitr holidays. Following a surprise visit of the children’s ward of the Federal Poly Clinic Hospital on the eve of Eid, the Prime Minister said that healthcare was high on the priorities of his government and all efforts were being made to extend quality care for the people in every nook and corner of the country. The Prime Minister, along with Interior Minister Rehman Malik, shared happy moments on the eve of Eid with the young children, who have been confined to their beds due to different ailments. He went to all children and gave them flowers, eidee and sweets, bringing a smile on their sad faces. The Prime Minister during the visit noticed lack of air- conditioning and saw the children and their parents sweating profusely due to the high humidity. He directed Executive Director Dr

faulty Acs for the patients immediately and said the Prime Minister House would foot the bill. He also directed the Capital Development Authority to immediately hand over possession of the over 2.5 acres land for the expansion of the hospital, that caters to the needs of thousands of people of Islamabad and adjoining areas. The Prime Minister ’s visit proved to be a big surprise for the children and their parents at the Polyclinic Hospital. For seven and a half year old Amna Maskan, suffering from gastro-enteritis, the Eid this year would be exciting as she got the eidee from none other than but the Prime Minister. Prime Minister Ashraf also noticed the beautiful mehndi pattern on the hands and arms of the two-year old Ayesha, who has been suffering from pneumonia. Her mother told the Prime Minister that Ayesha had insisted that her mother put on mehndi for the Eid.

The young children also got a small box of sweets and could barely wait for the Prime Minister to move on, before asking their mothers to open the box for a quick bite. The Prime Minister enquired from the mothers about the condition of their children and prayed to Allah Almighty for their early recovery. He also exchanged greetings. The parents appreciated his gesture of visiting the hospital and to share with them the joyous occasion. Dr Shahzad, head of the Children’s ward, said that the hospital was catering to 32 children, including a few in the intensive care, but they were facing problems because of poor airconditioning system. The hospital authorities said the airconditioners could not be replaced because of a government ban, however they hoped that Prime Minister’s directive for replacement in the patient’s wards would be a big help for providing a better environment for the sick.—APP

Cleanliness campaign in progress R AWALPINDI —District Officer Solid Waste Management Dr Mazhar Azeem said on Saturday that cleanliness campaign is in progress on the auspicious occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr. Earlier, a meeting was headed by District Officer Solid Waste Management in which the cleanliness of graveyards and Eidgah was reviewed. Among other, Chief Sanitary Inspectors, Lari Inspectors and the staff attended the meeting. The District Officer directed to keep the city neat and clean and for deploying the necessary staff to perform their duties on Eid. A control room has been opened at the office of District Officer which would look after all the matters pertaining to the cleanliness arrangements. On the other hand, some localities of the city, including Waris Khan, Dhoke Khaba, Mokha Singh State, Umer Road, Dhoke Elahi Baksh, Nadeem Colony, Arya Mohallah and Javed Colony are giving dity look because of heaps of garbage. Arif, a resident of Dhoke Elahi Baksh, said that there were heaps of garbage in the locality. Many complaints have been lodged with the authorities, but no action had been taken.—APP


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Govt officials inspect sanitary condition RAWALPINDI—EDO Municipal Services Imtiaz Ahmed Malik along with DEO Solid Waste Management, Dr Mazhar Azeem conducted visit to Eid Gahs situated in city area of Rawalpindi. The visit of the two officials were aimed at reviewing the sanitary situation on the occasion of Eid ul Fitr. DEO Solid Waste Dr Mazhar Azeem briefed on the occasion that the cleanliness of Eid Gahs of Satellite Town Circle, Sadiqabad Circle, City Circles and other Circles was ensured. As a result of negligence in the performance of duties, two sanitary Inspectors and eight sanitary workers were issued warning notices while four sanitary workers were given show cause notices. MNA Muhammad Hanif Abbasi, accompanied with MPA, Raja Hanif, visited Eid Gah and hailed the performance of officials of Solid Waste Management Department. —Online

Security intensified on occasion of Eid

Govt committed to give vote right to Pak expats ISLAMABAD—Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf has said that Pakistan Peoples Party believes that expatriate Pakistanis should not only have right to vote but they should also be made eligible for membership of the Parliament. He was talking to a delegation of expatriate Pakistanis based in London which led by Chaudhry Javed Iqbal called on him in Islamabad. The Prime Minister said the government is striving to bring about a consensus so that the Constitution can be amended and expatriate Pakistanis can be given

right to contest elections. Prime Minister Pervez Ashraf said Pakistanis abroad send their hard earned money to Pakistan because of love for their country of origin. He said remittances being sent by expatriates are on the rise. This is very helpful in stabilizing the economy. The Prime Minister said‚ we have braced many challenges in the last four and half years and are now completing our tenure and getting ready for the next elections. He said Pakistan Peoples Party and its coalition part-

ners are committed to a transparent‚ free and impartial election in the country. Talking of inflation in the country‚ the Prime Minister said increase in prices of oil in the international market is one of the main reasons of rising prices in the country. He said in past four and half years‚ Pakistan had faced floods‚ terrorism and economic crunch because of slow down in the global economy. The members of the delegation thanked the Prime Minister for sparing time to meet them and assured him of their cooperation.—NNI

PPP HR cell expresses concerns

Burney demands release of Christian girl

R AWALPINDI —A coach on journey from Rawalpindi to district Bagh, Azad Kashmir met an accident in Kotli Sattiyan near Mirzapur. The accident claimed lives of four passengers injuring six on board. The accident occurred when the coach got out of control of the driver and entered a shop. —Online

Four bootleggers arrested with 650 bottles of liquor

Search operations: 17 suspects netted

ISLAMABAD—The Chairman bage after putting it in a plastic by misusing the country’s I SLAMABAD —A bag. Rimsha Masih belonged blasphemy laws. “Additionof Ansar Burney Trust International, Ansar Burney has demanded for an immediate release of 11 year old mentally ill Christian girl Rimsha Masih, allegedly arrested on blasphemy charges and illegally arrested by Islamabad Police for allegedly burning pages of a Noorani Qaida. He said the complaint against an innocent girl was filed by Maulana Alsyed Muhammad Ummad. Ansar Burney has said with pain and sorrow that the Ramna Police Station at Islamabad arrested an innocent girl, named Rifta Masih, alias Rimsha, a Down syndrome girl on false charges of burning a Noorani Qaeyda on August 16 and threw it in gar-

to the rural area of Mehrabadi, which is near G-11 sector at Islamabad. He said that soon after such report, the area people had gathered to lodge their protest. The protesters also beat up the mentally ill girl and her mother, while the rest of the girl’s family managed to escape. The girl has been sent to a juvenile jail on judicial remand. Burney said that Rimsha alias Rifta has Down syndrome and was falsely accused of burning 10 pages of the Noorani Qaeyda. He said that the scores of Pakistanis have been harassed and implicated in such false cases instituted

ally, allegations of blasphemy have led to assassinations, extrajudicial killings and threats to life and property.” He added. Meanwhile, the PPP Human Rights Cell has expressed concern on the detention of a juvenile Rifta Masih suffering form Down’s Syndrome and has called upon the capital administration immediately take measures to resolve this problem. “This case is a glaring example of how the blasphemy laws can be misused,” said the Central Coordinator Dr Nafisa Shah, added that the administration should have first enquired the matter before detaining the girl child.—Agencies

ISLAMABAD—Islamabad Police has organised a special security plan on the occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr. Security cameras have been installed in all big malls of the city and police help lines have also been established. According to officials of Islamabad Police, the security plan has been constituted after the interior ministry asked the law-enforcing agencies to remain on high alert. More than 2000 police personnel will be on duty at different sensitive places of the city. Walk-through gates will also be installed at entrance of mosques and venues of Eid congregations. The security of all impor- ISLAMABAD: Children of a family from Sindh showing their Hina (Mehndi). The tant buildings, and that of family demands for justice and protesting outside the National Press Club. Red Zone, Prime Minister House and Presidency will be intensified. —Online

Accident claims four lives, injures six

RAWALPINDI: Garlands are being displayed attractively at a roadside set up on the eve of Eid-ul-Fitr.

Interior Minister briefs Prime Minister on security situation

ISLAMABAD—Interior Minis- a delegation of overseas Pa- ports in Bradford within two ter Rehman Malik called on Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf at Prime Minister House Saturday evening and briefed him about the security situation in the country. He also briefed him on the measures taken recently by the Interior Ministry for the improvement of the situation. The Prime Minister directed the Interior Minister to arrange dispatch of three buses from Islamabad to Gilgit so that the people in the area can come back to their hometowns to celebrate Eid with their loved ones. The Interior Minister assured the Prime Minister that these buses will be provided with proper security and escorted en-route. The Prime Minister who had earlier met

kistanis from UK was told by them that the fee for new passports was being increased. The Prime Minister directed the Minister of Interior to freeze the charges as before. The Interior Minister assured the Prime Minister that overseas Pakistanis will be charged the same as before and no increase will be affected. The Prime Minister also took up the matter of absence of provision of issuance of Machine Readable Passports and NICORP Cards to Pakistanis in Bradford which was creating hardships for them. He directed the Interior Minister to facilitate the issuance of machine readable pass-

weeks. The Interior Minister assured the Prime Minister that his directions will be complied with and the Interior Ministry will ensure that these facilities were made available to them in Bradford within two weeks. While talking to the Interior Minister, Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf revealed that he had urged the overseas Pakistanis to make investments in the country and send their remittances through legal channels. Also, the Prime Minister had instructed the State Bank of Pakistan to ensure that transactions involving remittances were completed in the minimum possible time.—APP

massive search operation carried out by Bani-Gala police has netted 17 suspects for the law enforcers. The search operation carried out in the environs of Jaykot. Kari, Sewra and other environs, checked 55 homes and 300 persons. Those arrested failed to provide any credibility regarding their identities, while 15 sheds were also checked. —Online

20 profiteers fined Rs7,000 ISLAMABAD—District admin-

NA Speaker, Acting Speaker felicitates nation on Eid CITY REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Dr. Fehmida Mirza, Speaker National Assembly has extended her warm greetings to the Muslim Parliamentarians and fellow countrymen on the auspicious occasion of Eid-ulFitr falling on 20th August, 2012. In her message, Speaker National Assembly said that she felicitates her elders, brothers, sisters and children on the joyous occasion of Eid. “We are thankful to Allah Almighty who gave us the opportunity to keep fasts, offer prayers and help our needy brothers and sisters during the month of Ramzan” the Speaker said. Dr. Fehmida Mirza said that the Eid day brings happiness for us; however the true joy relates with taking

istration has fined Rs.7000 to 20 profiteers over over-pricing of commodities. Deputy Commissioner Aamir Ali Ahmad checked an overall of 43 shops, with 20 fined over failure to install price lists at their shop, located in F-6’s Farooqia market, Rawat Bazaar, Bhara Kahu, F-7’s Faisal Market, and Lohi Bher areas. The DC informed that the action would be enforced till the last day of Ramadan, while after Eid; weekly bazaars I SLAMABAD —Ms Samreen would be constantly Saleem, a Pakistani PhD checked. —Online scholar presently associated with the University of Hawaii, United States under the HEC scholarship programme, International Research Support Initiative Programme (IRSIP), is successfully studies, giving recognition to her own counRAWALPINDI—The web site try. Sharing her experience, of Rawalpindi educational Board is causing severe Ms Samreen informed APP problems due to frequent that she found Hawaii as the most beautiful place and Hajamming. The problem occurring waiian people as the most culamid the process of registra- tured/mannered and cooperation of supplementary ma- tive people, she has ever met. She said that there was triculation exams is said to be causing consternation very conducive environment among students and parents for studies and research in alike on Fridays and Satur- Hawaii and she was learning a days, when all head to sub- lot from there. mit their applications for registration in exams. Various excuses are given which include problems in uploading data, frequent black-outs and opening of website. —Online

care of the needs of our poor brothers and sisters and to include them in our pleasures. Our acts should help smoothen the social irregularities and promote the spirit of sacrifice, mutual harmony and fraternity. Only then we can provide strong foundation for the establishment of a welfare Islamic society, she said. She said that on this day let us renew our pledge and pray for the prosperity and development of entire Muslim Ummah. She prayed to Allah Almighty to guide all the Muslims to us chose right path and help them follow the true spirit of Islam and protect them from every evil. “May Allah help and protect us all. Amen”, she added. The Madam Speaker called upon the nation to

stand united on every issue of national importance and support the democratically elected government so that it can prove before the world that we are alive nation with determination, unity and will power. Faisal Karim Kundi, Acting Speaker National Assembly has also extended eid mubarak to his fellow parliamentarians and the nation on Eid-ul-Fitr. He said that he felt very much honored in extending his warm felicitations to the entire nation and his fellow parliamentarians. He termed Eid-ul-Fitr a day to express gratitude before Allah Almighty for his blessings at the end of Ramazan-ul-Mubarak. He called for sharing the joys of Eid with the needy and marginalized segments of the society.—NNI

Pakistani PhD scholar successfully continues studies

Edu Board website causing registration problems

Sharing her research work experience at the labs of University of Hawaii, she found very interesting results over cancer disease, a dangerous disease affecting the lives of millions of people throughout the world, through indepth research which she intended to share and apply in Pakistan as well. She thanked to Government of Pakistan and the Higher Education Commission (HEC) for providing opportunity to the Pakistani scholars to learn from the experiences and the research facilities of the higher education institutions from academically advanced countries. “I met a lot of people here from different parts of the

world and no one has higher education system like we have, not even in the US. People are surprised when I tell them that I am on a scholarship here from the HEC, Pakistan. I am trying to tell the people about the soft side of Pakistan. I am more confident and proud as a Pakistani. I have found myself as best among the students of other nations here.” Everyone says “Oh you are too fast and strong (learner)” because unfortunately the media is not projecting Pakistani women honestly, she added. She also said that some of her colleague Pakistani scholars, who are in Australia, share the same experience and feelings.—APP

Twin cities’ hospitals to remain on medical alert ISLAMABAD—All official hospitals of the Twin cities of Islamabad-Rawalpindi will remain on medical alert on Eid day. Full preparedness to tackle any possible emergency, have been assured while all emergency units have been advised to stock important RAWALPINDI: A person removing grass from the grave of his relative under the scorchmedicines as well.—Online ing sun on occasion of Eid.

I SLAMABAD —Nilore police on Sunday arrested four bootleggers and recovered a total of 650 bottles of liquor as well as weapons from their possession. According to a police spokesman, a Nilore police team conducted combing in its respective areas and arrested Fida, resident of Bhagwal, for R AWALPINDI —Rawalpindi having 150 bottles of liquor, City is all set to hold 3000 Eid 27 cans of beer and one reprayers’ congregations on peater from him. Eid-ul-Fitr. Meanwhile, two other The local police and disbootleggers identified as trict administration has enArshad and Zafaran alias Fani, sured implementation of foolresidents of Charaha, were arproof arrangements for all rested for having 250 bottles Eidgahs staging the prayers, of liquor. Similarly, another perwhile leaves of all police offison identified as Saparas alias cials have been cancelled. ExKodu was arrested and 250 tra police contingents from rebottles of liquor were recovserves, Punjab constabulary, ered from him. and special branch have been Nilore police also consummoned for security purducted search operation in its poses, while close-circuit camrespective jurisdiction and eras have been installed in checked several houses and ISLAMABAD: A large number of passengers seen at Faizabad bus terminal as people mosques, Eidgahs and traffic 100 persons.—APP signals.—Online return to their native cities to celebrate Eid.

Heavy security for 3000 City Eidgahs

Moosavi urges for observing Eid with simplicity ISLAMABAD —The Quaid-iMillat Jafariya Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi has appealed the countrymen to observe the Eidul Fitr with simplicity to express devotion to the sons of the soil who fell victim to Babusar bus firing incident, Shuhada-e-Gilgit and Baltistan, Kamra incidents and acts of terrorism in Karachi, Quetta, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and to express solidarity with their bereaved families and they should also pray for high status of Shuhada and for an end to terrorism.

The job of the rulers is not only to inform about the dangers rather to save the nation from the same but unfortunately our rulers feel their duty is fulfilled after giving a warning of the dangers. The rulers should arrest the culprits of all incidents including that of Babusar and Kamra incidents and give them exemplary punishment. The real Eid of Ahle Islam and Pakistan would come on the day when the oppressed will meet their fate and rights of the oppressed the world over including Kashmir, Palestine, Iraq, Bahrain are

realized and the flag of Islam will flutter high through the world after the durable peace is restored. These views were expressed by him in a special message on the occasion of Eidul Fitr. Agha Moosavi said there is a saying of Hazrat Ali Ibne Abi Talib that (A.S.) goes: Eid is only for the one whose fasts have been accepted by Allah and his Nimaz is recognition and every that day on which Ma’asiat of Allah is not committed is the day of Eid (Nehjul Balaghah).—NNI


Eid is universal day of peace and harmony: Farooq ISLAMABAD—The Chairman Qur’an caused change in the other’s throats and said that solid steps in favour of the of Jammu and Kashmir People’s Freedom League (JKPFL), Muhammad Farooq Rehmani, has congratulated the peoples of Pakistan and Jammu and Kashmir on the eve of Eidul-Fitr. Muhammad Farooq Rehmani in a statement issued in Islamabad said, Eid is a universal day of peace and harmony, and despite of trial and tribulation of the Muslims, it brings prosperity and happiness to humanity across the world, as we observe it to commemorate the revelation of Qur’an on the planet of Earth. “Qur’an brought grace and glory in the sphere of humanity, changed attitude of man towards God, universe and his fellow human beings, especially women who were looked down upon in the society as with contempt and shame. Revelation of every verse of

18 students injured as bus turns turtle ISLAMABAD—Eighteen students were injured, two of them critically, when a school bus they were travelling in turned turtle at Mattan area here. The district administration has initiated a probe into the incident. Reports said a school bus belonging to St. Peters Convent School, Islamabad, which was ferrying students to their respective destinations after the school time was over, turned turtle and fell into a gorge at Ranipora area of Mattan here. 10 students sustained injuries in the mishap and were immediately rushed to District Hospital, Islamabad (Anantnag) where from two of the critically injured students Ovais Ahmad and Zakir Ahmad Dar were referred to SKIMS, Srinagar. “Ovais sustained head injury while Zakir had head and leg injury. Both of them were referred to SKIMS for treatment,” Medical Superintendent, DH Anantnag, Fazil Kochak told Greater Kashmir. He said the remaining injured students are being treated and their condition is stable. All the injured are students of Primary wing of the school. The conductor of the school bus was also injured in the accident. ‘The driver of the vehicle was travelling with a high speed as a result of which it lost control and turned turtle,” parents of the students alleged. Later the parents protested against the school authorities and the education department for failing to ensure quality transport facilities to their wards. They alleged that despite charging huge amount from the students the school buses often remain overcrowded.—GK

Grand Mufti: Why Kashmir can’t have Ruet-e-Hilal Panel S R I N A G A R —The Grand Mufti Saturday expressed his inability to set up a Ruet-e-Hilal Committee in Kashmir as required under the Shariah. Asked why such a committee had not been constituted in the valley which could have been done by the Grand Mufti himself, he said it needed the support of government and would require some infrastructure and equipment. On the suggestion he could have sought the support of the Muslim Waqf Board to provide for various facilities needed for the purpose, officially recognized Grand Mufti, Mufti Muhammad Basheerudin Ahmad, alleged the body (Board) was being mismanaged by “a bunch of buffoons.” —GK

mindset of human beings and accomplished prophet hood.”Muhammad Farooq Rehmani said that as long as Muslims acted upon the teachings of Qur’an and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and loved knowledge and research, they were the leaders of mankind, but as soon as they abandoned the glorious teachings of Qur’an and Sunnah, they lost the right to lead the world, and were subdued by other nations. He said that there was message in this plight of Muslims for every Muslim and Muslim State, and here the Kashmiris should take a leaf from the history of Islam. They should study causes of rise and fall, and thereby adopt ways and means to gain their lost glory and struggle for freedom, he added. He expressed sorrow over Muslims cutting each

there were vested interests in occupied Kashmir working overtly and covertly for India and its spying system in the territory. he JKPFL Chairman said that India had no moral or political ground to remain in Jammu and Kashmir and it was there by its military and military laws. “India spent each day of a year in brutalizing, torturing and humiliating Kashmiris in their own land to the extent of killing and imprisoning the people in every Ramadan as well; and the current Ramadan had no different episode to share with others.”Rehmani observed that the Kashmiris, the Palestinians, the Burmese and Assamese were being massacred and the inaction of the OIC had encouraged ruthless rulers to cut throats of thousands in Burma and Assam and Middle East. Had OIC ventured to take united and

oppressed Muslims, the situation would have been different and the UN would have been forced to intervene in the troubled human spots, he remarked. The JKPFL Chairman expressed deep anguish over lack of support to the Kashmiris struggling to achieve freedom from Indian bondage. He urged the Kashmiris to try their own ways and means to take their liberation movement to its logical end. “The new generation of the Kashmiris should struggle peacefully to gain support of the world; and never ignore those thousands of families who were destroyed or were forced to migrate during the last 22 years, imprisoned and persecuted by an illegal and oppressive regime. Allah is Great and He loves and helps deserving people,” he added.—KMS

Civil society sounds alarm over Amarnath construction plans S RINAGAR —A day after Kashmir ’s chief cleric Mirwaiz Umar Farooq talked about the Supreme Court directions to the J&K Government over conversation of Amarnath yatra tracks into a full-fledged road, the Valleybased civil society groups voiced concern over such construction plans, warning the state and central government that “any politicization of pilgrimage could be fraught with dangerous consequences.” Following a joint meeting of civil society

groups of Kashmir, members’ strongly-worded resolution expressed “serious concern over the recent Supreme Court directions to the J&K government for undertaking civil engineering works leading to construction of roads and other infrastructure in the environmentally fragile Himalayan habitat around the Amarnath cave shrine in the valley of Kashmir.” “This move comes even as the committee formed by the Hon’ble court for recommending ways and means to

promote safe journey of pilgrims to the cave shrine is yet to submit its report,” read a press-released issued by the civil society groups. The resolutions aid while “we fully share governmental concern to ensure good health and well-being of the intending pilgrims, we believe that the yatra must be conducted in accordance with the National Environment Policy, the State Forest Policy and also the Nitish Sengupta Committee recommendations.”—GK

MUZAFFARABAD: AJK PP Media advisor Mr Shaukat Mir giving interview to a TV Channel.

Kashmir catches online shopping fever S RINAGAR —With online shopping becoming popular round the globe, Kashmir is fast catching with this new trend. According to market observers, a fair percentage of young Kashmiris is nowa-days purchasing via internet. Pertinently, there are a number of websites offering long range of products to its customers. Gowhar Ahmad, a consumer said: “These days I do most of my shopping via internet as it is time saving exercise and also provides you plenty of choice to choose from.” Experts believe that in near future the trend of online shopping will increase. “You will find many people today who prefer

shop while sitting at their homes. This number is going to increase in the coming days,” they said. According to observes among the Online shoppers, most are students. “The students prefer to buy books via online as the portals provide books at cheap rates,” they said. “I prefer to buy books through Flipkart portal. This type of shopping saves the time of the consumer, besides enables them to get some discount,” Abid Hafiz, a Kashmir University student said. Pertinently, according to a survey by Research Firm Ipsos, 57 per cent of Indian respondents using the internet prefer to use online services and other financial services

due to hassle-free easy access and time saving feature of online banking. Even some big companies like Liberty have started their online stores to expand their market base. However, there is a caveat. Experts suggest that the consumers while buying Online should be extra careful and cautious. “One need to be careful while doing online shopping. In some cases fraudulent withdrawals have been made from customers account by hackers,” experts said. They said that customers also need to check on delivery whether they are getting the product they have ordered for via online lest they should get a product they have not ordered. —NNI

SRINAGAR: A Kashmiri vendor selling cloths displays his items over his body to attract customers at a market ahead of Eid-al-Fitr festival.

Eid-ul-Fitr today SRINAGAR—Eid-ul-Fitr, the Muslim festival which marks the culmination of the holy month of Ramadhan (fasting), would be observed across Jammu and Kashmir on Monday. As the shawal moon was not sighted on Sunday, the festival would be now observed on Monday with religious fevour and gaiety. The biggest prayer congregations are expected to be held at the famed Hazratbal shrine, housing the holy relic of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) on the Srinagar outskirts and central mosque (Jamia Masjid) here, where tens of thousands of devotees are expected to participate in Eid prayers.

‘Congress Targeting NC Cadre’ JAMMU —Senior leader and additional general-secretary of National Conference, Dr Mustafa Kamaal accused the coalition partner, Congress, of targeting NC cadre to weaken the party. “Congress is deliberately targeting National Conference cadre to weaken our party and steal a march in the coming election. This attitude will be counterproductive and boomerang on Congress,” he said at a public meeting at Mera Madrian in Akhnoor organised to felicitate former minister, Pandit Govind Ram Sharma. “Our party is committed to friendship and peace between India and Pakistan, restoration of pre1953 autonomy including complete and immediate revocation of AFSPA. There is no substitute for peace which is basic requirement for progress and prosperity,” he said. He asked the Congress party not to leave bitter or adverse memories for future which can give chance to the new government to adopt a ‘pay back attitude.’ Termed Govind Ram as an old guard of National Conference, Kamaal said the selfless service rendered to the party by Ram endeared him to the masses.Observer News Service Add this page to your favorite Social Bookmarking websites Reddit! Del.icio.us! Mixx! Free and Open Source Software News Google! Live! Facebook! StumbleUpon! Yahoo! Free Joomla PHP extensions, software, information and tutorials.—GK

Geelani placed under house arrest ahead of Eid I SLAMABAD —Puppet au- stricting his movement, re- shrine on Eid in 2010. thorities have placed the veteran Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Geelani, under house arrest in Srinagar ahead of Eid-ul-Fitr. The action has been taken to thwart the programme of Syed Ali Geelani to visit Dargah Hazratbal and offer Eid prayers. The authorities have deployed a heavy contingent of Indian police at his Hyderpora residence re-

ported Kashmir Media Service. Syed Ali Geelani was taken into custody on Friday when he left his home to offer Juma prayers and was lodged at Humhama police station. Later, he was placed under house arrest. The veteran leader is scheduled to visit the Dargah Hazratbal for prayers on Eid. This is his second such programme after he was barred from visiting the

Syed Ali Geelani has been often under house arrest with the police strictly disallowing his political and religious activities. Of late, he was not allowed to participate in Friday congregations on most occasions even during the holy month of Ramazn. Recently, the police even kept him away from the Iftar party he had hosted at a hotel in Srinagar. —APP

Ahead of Eid, shoppers swarm Valley markets SRINAGAR —Ahead of Eidul-Fitr, various markets in Srinagar wore a festive look despite shoppers complaining of ‘increase in prices of essential commodities’. The Directorate of Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution Department, however, claimed that their checking squads “conducted market inspections to curb inflating rates of commodities.” On Saturday different markets across the valley were flooded with shoppers. The busy markets of Residency Road, MA Road, Jamia Market and other small and big markets in Srinagar witnessed a huge rush of customers. In most of the markets, people were seen busy buying bakery, confectionary, dress material, kids wear and grocery. But the soaring prices of commodities left many customers high and dry. Many shoppers, who

spoke to Greater Kashmir¸ complained that prices of vegetables, fruits, mutton and other items have been ‘arbitrarily increased’ manifold by traders in view of Eid. “The CAPD Department is doing nothing to curb this problem. The claims of having constituted market checking squads seem to have fallen flat because the traders have increased prices of commodities arbitrarily,” said Mushtaq Ahmad, a customer at Lal Chowk. Mutton is being sold at Rs 300 per kilogram against the prescribed rate of 280 per kg. “Few days ago mutton dealers were selling meat at Rs 280 a kg. But today the same is being sold at Rs 300. And there is nobody to check this arbitrariness,” said Ghulam Muhammad, a resident of Ellahi Bagh. Similar is the case with prices of chicken and vegetables. “Government has fixed price of chicken per kg at

Rs 92. But in market chickens are either not available or are sold at high rates,” Ghulam Muhammad said. When contacted the Deputy Director CAPD, Shafqat Iqbal, told Greater Kashmir that they deputed three checking squad to Srinagar markets today and recovered a fine of Rs 21,000 from erring traders for violating rate lists. “I urge the people that if they find any trader or shopkeeper selling commodities at higher prices, they should contact us. We will take action against them,” he said. “It is very sad that we hardly receive any complaints when we conduct market checks. That time nobody complains about soaring prices.” Meanwhile reports from various markets at district and tehsil level said people swarmed in large numbers to buy bakery, confectionary and other goods.—GK

K Bank ATMs dole out Rs 225 crore in 6 days SRINAGAR—Ahead of Eid-ulFitr, automatic transactions through Jammu and Kashmir Bank have doled out at least Rs 225 crores in Jammu and Kashmir alone in the past six days beginning Monday. The bank ATMs dispensed Rs 166.74 crores in Kashmir and Rs 57.26 crore in Jammu. A senior Bank official said that amount withdrawal recorded all over India through ATM transactions stands at Rs 235 crores in the past six days, including Rs 225 crores dispensed in the state. On Saturday, the Bank ATMs disbursed an amount of Rs 41 crores throughout India and Rs 30.3 crores and

Rs 10.4 crore in Kashmir and Jammu respectively. On Friday, the bank’s ATM transactions stood at Rs 41 crore all over India with 1.16 lakh hits. In Kashmir Rs 30 crores were dispensed with 85,000 hits and Rs 10 crores with 26,000 transactions recorded in Jammu. On Thursday, Rs 40. 04 crores were disbursed through its ATM booths throughout country with 1.13 lakh transactions. In Kashmir Rs 30 crores were dispensed with 75,000 transactions recorded while Rs 10 crore were disbursed in Jammu with 43, 300 hits on the day. On Wednesday (August 15), only Rs 20 .40 crores were

disbursed throughout the country in view of the holiday. “On that day Rs 11.23 crores were disbursed in Kashmir and Rs 7.90 crore in Jammu,” the Bank official revealed. On Tuesday, an aggregate sum of Rs 47.88 crore were disbursed all over India. “Out of which Rs 32.14 crore in Kashmir with 98,000 transactions and Rs 13.24 crore in Jammu with 38, 320 hits,” the Bank official said. On Monday, the bank ATMs disbursed over all Rs 44.5 crores all over India with 1.36 lakh transactions recorded out of which Rs 28.20 crores were dispensed in Kashmir only with 89 thousand.—GK

Amnesty reiterates its call for repeal of IHK black laws T

HE international hu man rights watchdog, Amnesty International reiterates its call to repeal black laws, Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) and Public Safety Act (PSA) from occupied Kashmir. A two-member Amnesty International team comprising Saptarshi Mandal and Sahana Basavapatna in a media interview in Srinagar on April 21 said, “Our idea to come here was to build on the work that Amnesty International had already done in 2010. Our focus was on the PSA and the amend-

ments to the Act and the implications that it would have in the state.”Observing that legal process is ‘very slow’ in Jammu and Kashmir, the Amnesty team said that there was a problem with the legal system in the occupied territory. “Not only are there delays in registering FIRs, but the investigations show no sign of ending once started. During our interactions with cross-section of people, we found that the legal process where people really took up the legal process and went to courts, is very slow. In many cases, lodging of the FIRs had taken a lot of time.

Investigations have not been completed despite cases been filed 10 years back or much earlier,” the Amnesty team members said. The team undertook a 12day visit on 11th April to the Valley to get first-hand account of the latest developments regarding the human rights situation in occupied Kashmir with special ‘focus’ on Public Safety Act and Armed Forces Special Powers Act. “Our position on the AFSPA remains unchanged,” the Amnesty officials said, adding, “And we

are also pressing for amendments to the Public Safety Act.” “Our idea to come here was to build on the work that Amnesty had already done in 2010 and when it released the report in 2011 on ‘lawless law’. Our focus was on PSA and the amendments to the Act and its implications on the state,” they said. Referring to AFSPA, the Amnesty team said, “There are no conclusions that we can share with anybody as yet but there will certainly be an outcome. It will come in due course of time when research paper is complete.”

Asked about the Amnesty’s call to repeal PSA and AFSPA, the members said, “We stand by what Amnesty International has said about the abrogation of PSA and AFSPA.” Regarding their engagements in the Valley during their visit, they said that they met cross-section of people including pro-liberation leaders, human rights activists and lawyers besides the families of killed youth and illegally detained Hurriyet leaders and activists. The two-member team, which was on a fact-finding mission over the issues of M

enforced disappearances and unmarked graves, said, “We are also studying the impact of laws like the AFSPA, and surveying progress of various kinds of cases.” The team said that the affected families were the primary focus of their current visit. “We have met 25 such families over the past 10 days, including those of Wamiq Farooq and Zahid Farooq,” they said. The team expressed serious concern over the discovery of unmarked graves in the occupied territory. The team members also said that several recommen-

dations made by the Human Rights Commission of the territory in cases of custodial killings had not been implemented, and many families approaching the government for compensation and relief had not been entertained, though some had been provided compensation and government jobs. They added that the Commission had been doing some good work, but it had itself complained that many of its recommendations were not being implemented. (Compiled by Raies Mir)


Demutualization profit oriented status of stock exchanges will make them more efficient: Muhammad Rashid Zahir Performance of the stock market will become truly sustainable when national economy is on even keel and the corporate sector achieves healthy results on a broader scale, Our primary market presents a depressing picture, A large number of listed companies has illiquid stocks, have no defined dividend policy and are good for only inside share holders

An exclusive interview with MUHAMMAD RASHID ZAHIR, Chairman ISE ASHRAF ANSARI PO: What is your view on the current behavior of the stock market generally? MRZ: Behavior of the stock market is considered to be positively inclined when the investors interest is alive and the trading activity is kicking. In the last year (2011), the Pakistan stock market won the distinction of being one of the best performing markets in the world. Its growth was driven basically by some favorable measures adopted by the regulatory authorities and the promising financial results of the blue chips of the corporate sector. Performance of the market will become truly sustainable when the national economy is on even keel and the corporate sector is able to achieve healthy results on a broader scale. PO: How crucial is the role of the stock market in capital formation? MRZ: Capital market facilitates mobilization of corporate and household savings in the form of equity and debt, which contributes to spur industrial growth. Market can play an extremely useful role in reducing dependence of the

corporate sector on bank borrowings. In the past it was easy for all types of borrowers to raise borrowings from banks and development finance institutions. Therefore, alternative source of funds through market was ignored. Nevertheless, for corporates, which boast sound track record, market is a superior source of funds, which can compete favorably with the banks and DFIs on account of cost and availability of funds to meet their increased demand to pursue expansion or diversification plans. PO: In your view, what is impeding the sustained growth of capital market in the country? MRZ: Main players in the market are investors, corporate sector, stock exchanges and the regulator apart from banks and insurers. Investors want that their savings are properly utilized and earn adequate return commensurate with risk. Corporates require peaceful conditions and congenial business environment to achieve better operating and financial performance. However, in the recent years, high interest rate, poor law and order and

massive energy shortages have dampened the industrial and business activity. Saving and investment have shown declining trend. Besides internal challenges, our economy has to cope with the effects of global economic conditions. United State has not yet recovered from 2008 financial crises. Euro zone is engulfed in economic and banking problems. The countries like Greece, Italy and Spain are imposing austerity measures and their banks being highly leveraged are looking for financial bail out from ECB. PO: Will you tell us about the important reforms undertaken in the stock exchanges? MRZ: Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) has contributed immensely to improve the infrastructure and operations of stock exchanges with a view to protecting the rights of minority share holders and promoting transparency and accountability in the market. Towards achieving these objectives, SECP has introduced several measures besides monitoring undesirable practices like manipulation of information or in-

sider trading etc. Most remarkable steps initiated by SECP in the recent past are in the fields of Demutualization of Stock Exchanges and the revision of code of corporate Governance. These are giant steps, which will have far reaching favorable impact on the working of stock exchanges. PO: How will demutualization impact the

market? MRZ: Under the present setup, assets of the stock exchanges are owned and liabilities guaranteed by the members/brokers. Demutualization on the other hand, envisages separation of ownership and trading rights. While conHE Islamabad Stock prise twin 22 storey towers Islamabad at Jinnah Avenue trol of the exchange will Exchange (ISE) was with unique and inspiring (Blue Area) which is the hub vest in a strategic investor, incorporated as a amenities, offer futuristically of all business and commercial ac- the trading rights will be guarantee limited tivities available to persons on Company on 25th i n merit. Profit oriented status October, 1989 in Islama- will make the exchanges Islamabad Capital b a d . most efficient and open up territory of Pakistan T h e new opportunities for with the main object building growth and international of setting up of a is facing cooperation. Stock Extrading and settle400 feet changes will devote more ment infrastructure, w i d e attention to the primary information system, J i n n a h market and make a more skilled resources, Avenue productive contribution in accessibility and a on one development fair and orderly marof the side and economy. ket place that ranks has an- PO: SECP has revised the with the best in the o t h e r code of corporate goverworld. The purpose e n - nance. What are salient feafor establishment of t r a n c e tures of the new code and the stock exchange in Islamabad was to cater and aesthetically designed of- from 100 feet wide how will they impact the to the needs of less devel- fices with panoramic views, is Nazimuddin Road, besides market? oped areas of the northern being constructed over a piece breathtaking scenic view of part of Pakistan. of land measuring 5600 square the Margalla Hills and the MRZ: The code of corporate governance was origiThe ISE Towers com- yards in the heart of city from the building. nally introduced in Pakistan in 2002 and later, made part of listing requirements of Investors are the backbone mately assist in developing nation of information to the the stock exchanges. The purpose was to make the of the stock market. The a profitable portfolio. general public. prime function of the The ISE has taken the fol- . Arranging seminars capital market mechanism Islamabad Stock Exchange lowing initiatives towards the with speakers of great pro- more transparent and fair. (ISE) is to safeguard the in- investors’ education. file in the corporate. It marked a good beginning terest of the investing pub- . Revamping of website by . Publishing the research and led to create an awarelic. The ISE is fully aware of adding further informative papers about the capital ness of the need for honest the importance of investors’ material on the stock market market. education and believes that has been launched. Arrange- . Exchange’s Officials’ dealings and responsible by educating the public ment of presentations/brief- visit to different institutions conduct by those in posiabout stock market invest- ings to the general public for delivering lectures and tions of authority at the level ments, further prosperity about the working and func- briefings on stock invest- of the Board and the day to day management. can be brought in the soci- tioning of the stock markets. ments. ety. The object of the inves- . Special sessions of pre- . Facilitating regular in- The significant change intor education is to enable a sentations/briefings to the ternships to business corporated in the revised person with little or abso- educational institutions on graduates.Participations in code pertains to mandatory lutely no knowledge of the nature of stock markets. different events on every induction of one indepenstock exchange to efficiently . Opening of Investors In- level for the promotion of dent director on the board, trade securities and ulti- formation Centre for dissemi- the stock investments. precise definition of inde-

Islamabad Stock Exchange (Profile)

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Investor Education

pendent director, chairman of Audit committee to be an independent director, number of executive directors not to exceed 1/3rd of elected directors, significant issues to be placed before the Audit Committee and the Board, removal of Head of internal audit by the board only on recommendation of Chairman Audit Committee and introduction of the Boards Hu-

in their annual reports. However, there may still be some room for improvement in the monitoring mechanism which should be made tougher and more effective at the company level. Family owned and controlled companies will have to quickly rid themselves of their traditional style of management and adopt this code in true spirit. PO: What is your view

pact in our market has been more significant. PO: Are our investors disillusioned with IPO’s? MRZ: I do not think so. It depends primarily on the timing of IPO and the quality of the underlying security. However there have been instances where investors paid heavily for their indulgence in IPOs. A company that launches an IPO is

uid, have no defined dividend policy and are good only for inside shareholders. PO: In your view, what the future holds for the investor? MRZ: The role of Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) and the stock exchanges is very important in making the market more efficient in resource

PROFILE Muhammad Rashid Zahir possesses extensive executive/board level experience in development, investment and commercial banking. He served as Chief Executive officer of Saudi Pak Industrial and Agricultural Investment Company Limited, a development finance institution (DFI) for almost twenty years (1991-2011), the longest term served by any CEO of a bank or DFI in Pakistan and during this stint, Saudi Pak acquired a commercial bank and a leasing company and set up an insurance company and a real estate development company. In 2004, he served as a member of Experts Advisory Committee on Demutualization and Integration of Stock Exchanges in Pakistan, appointed by Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP). he was elected for a two year term in 2004 as has Chairman of Association of Development Finance Institutions in Member Countries of Islamic Development Bank (ADFIMI), which is based at Istanbul, Turkey and has fifty four members in twenty muslim countries. Rashid Zahir graduated from Government College University Lahore and passed MBA from IBA Karachi. He started his career from Investment Corporation of Pakistan and later to advance his career moved to State Life Insurance of Pakistan and Bankers Equity Limited. He was Chairman of Saudi Pak Commercial Bank Limited during the period 2001-2008. He has also served on the boards of more than a dozen public limited companies in a fiduciary capacity. Currently he is Chairman of the Board of Directors, of Islamabad Stock Exchange and Advisor, JCR-VIS Credit Rating Companies.

man Resources and Remuneration Committee. The revised code will be helpful in improving the standards of transparency and accountability system. The induction of independent director(s) will ensure more open and orderly decision making in important matters and protection of the rights of majority shareholders. PO: In your opinion, what is the status of implementations of the code of governance by the corporate sector? MRZ: The regulator (SECP) is focused on the enforcement of the code. The corporate sector is apparently compliant because key requirements of the code are certified by the companies

on the primary market for equity issues in Pakistan? MRZ: Our primary market presents a depressing picture. Investors interest in new issues is less than enthusiastic. In 2011, four public issues were floated. Against capital of Rs 1.819 billion offered for subscription, Rs 1.361 billion were actually received. Two issues were undersubscribed. In 2010, five public offerings were made. Against capital of Rs 2.637 billion offered, Rs 3.245 billion were received in subscription. One issue was heavily undersubscribed. Primary market for equities has been adversely affected in other countries after the financial crisis of 2008 but the im-

normally expected to perform in accordance with the business plan and prospects highlighted in the prospectus. It is not uncommon that a company after achieving resounding success at IPO box office would start moving southward in performance after the IPO. This is an area where the quality of underwriting and the role of underwriter are called into question. A cursory look at the IPOs floated in 2010 would reveal that stocks of three companies out of five companies are currently quoted at a significant discount over par value. Besides there is a large number of listed companies which are illiq-

mobilization and more transparent in trading operations. SECP has formulated comprehensive strategic plans to enhance investor awareness about the securities market with the cooperation of stock exchanges, uplift the governance standards by further strengthening the monitoring mechanism and improving transparency by continuous upgrading regulations for trading. Let us hope that the economic and business conditions will improve and the SECP and stock exchanges will succeed in winning the trust of the investors with the cooperation of corporate sector which will behave responsibly.


Energy crisis causes irreparable loss to national economy: Shahbaz SALIM AHMED L AHORE —Punjab

Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that the serious energy crisis being faced by Pakistan has caused irreparable loss to the national economy. He stressed the need for taking steps on emergent basis for overcoming shortage of electricity. He said that Punjab government is working on the projects of generating energy through alternate sources. The Chief Minister said that solid steps have been taken for promotion of bio-gas technology. He disclosed that Punjab China Bio-Gas Institute would be set up with the cooperation of Chinese company BIOMAK which will be completely autonomous and an agreement will be made with BIOMAK company for this purpose. While constituting a steering committee headed by Chairman Plan-

Apple fires closing shots at Samsung in patents battle

ning and Development, the Chief Minister directed that this committee should settle all matters with regard to setting up of institute, cooperation in Bio-Gas technology and making an agreement with Chinese company. He was talking to a delegation led by Mr. Ren Xiaobin of Chinese Company BIOMAK. Matters relating to cooperation in bio technology and setting up of bio-gas institute were discussed during the meeting. Provincial Minister for Agriculture Malik Ahmad Ali Aulakh, Members Provincial Assembly Rana Afzal Khan, Chaudhry M Asad Ullah, Chairman Planning and Development, Secretaries of Finance, Energy and Agriculture Departments, Vice Chancellor of Agriculture University Faisalabad and experts were present on the occasion. Talking to the Chinese delegation, Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that set-

World stocks up on US data, Merkel A MSTERDAM—Mildly positive news about the US economy and reassuring words from German Chancellor Angela Merkel about the euro were enough to push global financial markets higher by midday trading in Europe Friday. European stocks rose in early trading. Britain’s FTSE 100 gained 0.2 percent to 5,846 while Germany’s DAX was 0.2 percent higher at 7,012.51 and France’s CAC40 added 0.1 percent to 3,484.80. The US government reported Thursday that building permits jumped to their highest level since August 2008, a hint of stronger construction in the coming months. Meanwhile, networking equipment giant Cisco reported earnings that beat expectations.—Agencies

nese brethren. Head of Chinese delegation Mr. Ren Xiaobin informing about the research in biogas by Chinese Company BIOMAK and training matters told that his company has expertise in bio-gas technology and done a lot of research work in bio-gas. He disclosed that BIOMAK Company is conducting 50 national training courses throughout the world and we will extend cooperation in setting up of research institute, provision of infrastructure, preparation of master trainers and transfer of biogas technology to Punjab. He said that deep friendly relations exist between Pakistan and China which are further strengthening with the passage of time. Vice Chancellor of Agriculture University Faisalabad informed about the cooperation between BIOMAK Company and Agriculture University in bio-gas technology.

Afghan trade team to import Pak-made diesel engine STAFF REPORTER

SAN J OSE —Samsung Elec- LAHORE—A high level pritronics Co Ltd abused its “monopoly power” and demanded an unreasonable royalty from Apple Inc for the use of wireless patents in the iPhone, hurting the device’s commercial prospects, Apple experts testified. Richard Donaldson, a former lead patents attorney for Texas Instruments Inc, told the court on Friday a 2.4 percent royalty Samsung wanted on the price of the iPhone was discriminatory because the patents in question enabled just a fraction of the smartphone’s features. Later, New York University professor Janusz Ordover likened that rate equivalent to $14 per $600 iPhone - to a “holdup.” “Samsung’s conduct distorted the decision making process” in setting standards, said Ordover, a former deputy assistant attorney general for the Justice Department’s antitrust division.—Agencies

ting up of bio-gas institute for promotion of bio-gas technology is of great importance, therefore, work on this project should be initiated speedily. He said that Chinese company BIOMAK has expertise in bio-gas sector and full benefit will be taken from its technology and experiences. He said that there is a need of technical cooperation of Chinese Company BIOMAK in designing of the institute, training, preparation of master trainers and other matters. He said that Pakistan and China are tied with everlasting relationship and the friendship of both the countries is higher than the Himalaya, deeper than sea and sweeter than honey. He said that Pak-China friendship has stood the test of time and cooperation of China in development of various sectors is commendable. He said that we always feel pleasure to welcome our Chi-

vate sector trade delegation from Afghanistan will visit the provincial metropolis after Eidul Fitr to import Pakistan made diesel engines for agricultural purposes. Chief executive officer KAM Engineering, Khalid Saeed Khan told media Sunday that the Pakistan made KAM diesel engines have

become very popular in Afghanistan, compared to all brands of those made in India, and are being successfully used for agricultural purposes. He said that the Afghan team would visit the plant and see the engine assembly process, using indigenous technical know-how and expertise, which has helped control the price of the product with minimum overhead ex-

penses. In their war-torn country, Afghans are now inclined to bring maximum area under cultivation to meet the ever increasing need of foodgrains. For this purpose, they need quality agri inputs and implements and Pakistan made products offer the guarantee to compete in terms of quality and price, said the firm’s Director Marketing, Sh Muhammad Amin.

ECB mulls caps on borrowing costs B ERLIN —The

European Central Bank is considering buying the bonds of crisiswracked eurozone countries to ensure borrowing costs do not rise beyond a pre-determined level, German newsweekly Der Spiegel said Sunday. The bank will define an upper limit for borrowing costs in countries such as Spain and Italy and intervene in the markets to ensure it is not breached, Spiegel said, without citing its sources. Spain and Italy have seen

their borrowing costs shoot up during the eurozone crisis to levels that forced Greece, Portugal and Ireland to seek a bailout. At the end of trade on Friday, Spain was paying 6.39 percent to borrow for 10 years and Italy 5.76 percent. In contrast, Germany was paying 1.49 percent, as investors trust Europe’s top economy to repay them. The so-called spread, or difference, between benchmark German bonds and the debt-wracked countries would be decisive for the pro-

posed rate cap, Spiegel said. ECB President Mario Draghi announced earlier in August that his institution “may” buy bonds of struggling countries if they first apply for EU bailout funds and accept tough conditions in return. He said the details would be worked out before the next meeting of the ECB, scheduled for September 6. Spiegel said that ECB governors would decide then whether to implement the proposed borrowing cost cap.—AFP

China’s currency under pressure as growth slows B EIJING —China’s currency worst since the 2008-2009 glois facing strong downward pressure this year as the country’s once surging growth rates slow amid a stalling global economy and signs of capital flight after years of inflows. It is a new development for the yuan, once on a steady upward trajectory on the back of expectations that China’s impressive economic strength made the currency a one-way bet. The economy, though, has slowed for six straight quarters and the 7.6 percent year-onyear expansion in gross domestic product for the three months ended June 30 was the

bal financial crisis. The yuan has dropped just one percent this year, but the fall has come after years of gains amid foreign pressure by China’s trading partners, especially the United States, who claimed it was undervalued. The China Securities Journal, a state newspaper, carried a front-page commentary this month saying markets have now accepted that the currency is on a weakening track, calling that a potential boon for the economy. A weaker yuan could spur positive effects such as boosting exports, it added.

Broader trends are also pressuring the yuan as the dollar has started to strengthen this year against other Asian currencies, said Bill Belchere, chief emerging markets economist at Mirae Asset Securities in Hong Kong. Analysts say that the decline so far in the yuan, also known as the renminbi, would be far larger if authorities were not providing a floor by selling some of China’s trove of $3 trillion in foreign reserves. “If it were freely traded today the RMB would be 10 percent below where it is,” said Shanghai-based independent economist Andy Xie.—Agencies

FPCCI offers support to Tabriz quake victims M M ALAM K ARACHI —Tariq

Saeed Chairman Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FPCCI) Pak-Iran Business Council led a delegation that called on Consul General of the Islamic Republic of Iran Abbas Ali Abdollahi to express their grief on the recent earthquake that struck Tabriz killing over three hundred people. The team comprising of Sultan A. Chawla (former President FPCCI), Zubair Tufail (former Vice President), Waheed Shah Vice Chairman Pakistan-Iran Business Council & Nasir Abbas Director General (International Relations), offered Business Community’s moral & material support to the Iranian people in overcoming the calamity. The Consul General thanked for the solidarity & generosity manifested by the Pakistani business community.

JetBlue hedged 27pc of fuel N EW Y ORK —JetBlue Airways hedged 27 per cent of its fuel needs for the third and fourth quarters. The carrier expects fuel needs, including the impact of hedges and taxes, to average $3.13 a gallon in the third quarter and $3.18 for the full year, New York-based JetBlue said in a July 25 statement. JetBlue said that it used crude call options, jet fuel swaps and collars, a protective options strategy to help prevent massive losses, to lock in its fuel requirements and that the cost projections were based on the curve as of July 20. Delta Air Lines said in a July 25 statement that it expected fuel to average $3.09 a gallon and $3.05 in the fourth.—Agencies

Dubai firm boosts Kerala T RIVANDRUM —The Kerala government’s efforts to attract investments from nonresident Indians, or NRIs, have received a big boost with Dubai-based Pravasi Investment Consortium & Equity Holding, or Prince Holding, coming forward to invest Rs20 billion in the sunrise knowledge sector in the state. NRIs will be leveraging their combined experience, expertise and resources to set up a series of IT/ITESenabled business parks and life space projects at the booming port city of Cochin, which has already attracted substantial foreign direct investment, or FDI, not only from Dubai NRIs but as well as from the Dubai government. The consortium has floated a society called Global Advanced Technology Enabled Society, or Gates, to collectively pool the resources of the individual members of the Consortium to create infrastructure for promoting technologybased firms.—Agencies

Pak parliamentarians and traders delegations to visit India on Aug 22 STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—A high-level 18member Pak parliamentarians and traders delegation will leave for India on a fourday visit via Wagha border on Aug 22 for the promotion of durable peace, harmony and expedite the flow of trade among SAARC member countries. Iftikhar Ali Malik, Vice President SAARC Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Pak chapter, who will represent Pakistan’s private sector while talking to media on Sunday, said that the delegation was visiting India at the invitation of President SAARC Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Vikramjit Singh Sahney.

He said that no policy could be successful if stakeholders were not taken into confidence and without streamlining trade barriers for trade promotion and accelerate the economic activities among SAARC member countries especially IndoPak as both the countries were key players in whole of the South Asian region. He said that the Pak delegation, apart from having series of meetings with their counterparts, would also participate in the 4th round of India-Pakistan parliamentarians dialogue. He stressed said it was the urgent need of the hour that SAARC members must address their mutual disputes for exploiting eco-

nomic potential of the region mired in poverty as no country can live in isolation in the prevailing global scenario. He said that visa relaxation, frequent exchange of delegations in agriculture, health, education, engineering and other allied sectors, besides transfer of technology and expertise could help improve socio-economic condition of poor strata of the region. He said efforts would also be made to remove fears and apprehensions of Indian traders with the sole objective of rapid industrialisation in both the countries without damanging their respective industries. Iftikhar Ali Malik said that scope of joint ventures with Indian investors would also be explored besides turning time

consuming irregular trade into regular trade between the both countries which he added would save billions of dollar. He said that the Indian government, SAARC CCI and World Punjab Organisation are host and have arranged grand receptions at New Delhi and Patna for the Pak delegation during their stay. He said SAARC could be turned into a vibrant forum for the benefit and socio economic prosperity of the region if they get together to solve their problems. “The bilateral disputes of the SAARC countries particularly between India and Pakistan have been hindering the success of the South Asia Free Trade Area

(SAFTA) however, the recent developments between the two countries was very much encouraging,” said Iftikhar Ali Malik. Member of the delegation include leader of the House in Senate Jehangir Badar,Deputy Chairman Senate,Sabir Ali Baloch,Mrs.Saeeda Iqbal,Mushahid Hussain Syed,Haji Muhammad Adeel,Deputy Speaker National Assembly,Faisal Karim Khundi,Mian Abdus Sattar,Nadeem Afzal Gondal,Nafisa Shah,Shazia Marri,Remesh Lal,Syed Ghulam Mustafa Shah,Mir Amer Ali Khan Magsi,Anusha Rehman Khan and engineer Khurram Dastagir Khan.

LCCI for more dams to meet power needs STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —The

Lahore Chamber of Commerce & Industry has stressed the need for immediate construction of water reservoirs and dams to meet increasing power shortage. LCCI Senior Vice President Meher Kashif Younis, talking to a delegation of economists here on Sunday, said that the country was currently facing the power and gas crisis and added that uninterrupted supply of power was a pre-requisite for the country’s economic growth and development. He said due to interrupted power supply, industrial and agricultural productions and industrial growth was being affected badly and

issues like fulfilling international trade export commitments would arise. He said industry and agriculture were vital national sectors requiring smooth electric and gas supply for development. “In view of the power situation confronting the country today, construction of water reservoirs and dams is absolutely necessary to meet water-power shortage,” he said, adding that consensus regarding the construction of dams should be obtained at the earliest for the survival of the economy. The SVP said that international experts and studies conducted here by international bodies such World Bank, after detailed research

American Airlines a calm, in-control company

have identified certain sites feasible for Kalabagh Dam from technical point of view. Meher Kashif Younis said new dams were inevitable to meet the ever increasing demand for inexpensive energy sources, and would also help bring down the cost of everything, including essential commodities. Acute water shortage facing the country, which he feared if not checked, would render Pakistan as a water deficit country in the world. “Big water reservoirs and dams are vital for the country’s industrial progress and prosperity, as well as for a green revolution,” he said, adding,”We can get rid of power loadshedding and outages only if new dams are built on war footing”.

Bonds climb on global growth concerns

NEW YORK—Horton, chief outsize baggage of their NEW YORK—U.S. Treasury over-generous pension executive of AMR, American Airlines’ parent, has spent his entire time as chief executive negotiating with courts, creditors and staff over how to reduce the debt and cost burdens on the company, which sought bankruptcy protection last November, on the day he was moved into the job. Yet, visiting London last week, Horton had far more the air of a confident business class passenger, sailing through the airport on the way to a well-appointed lounge. It would have been easy, as he boasted of his company’s “much improved” financial performance and industry-leading revenue growth, to forget that many of the company’s management decisions currently have to be cleared with a bankruptcy court judge. He portrayed the company’s entry into Chapter 11 as a positive decision, made to bring American into line with competitors that several years ago shed the

terms and excessive staffing levels. Horton recalled how he explained to his staff on the day of the announcement their two objectives for the coming year. “The first is to run a first-rate airline, and the second is to execute a successful restructuring,” he said. “We’re going to do it right and we’re going to do it once.” The “first-rate airline” objective, he said, had been achieved, with measures such as on-time arrival, accuracy of baggage handling and passenger satisfaction higher than they had been “for years”. The company had also achieved “most” of the $800 million saving in annual non-labour costs that it had been seeking through renegotiating debt, aircraft leasing and other similar costs, he said. “I think we’re moving down that track very quickly - much more quickly than those who have gone before us,” Horton said.— Agencies

debt prices climbed on Friday, taking back a portion of the week’s losses as investors turned to safe-haven assets after below-forecast Chinese trade data fueled worries about a slowdown in global economic growth. Investors also bought U.S. government debt in the wake of auctions of $72 billion of coupon-bearing securities this week that made up the Treasury’s quarterly refunding. “It seems to be another risk-off type of move — the big component was the weak data out of China which exacerbated fears of a global slowdown,” said Kim Rupert, managing director of global fixed income analysis at Action Economics in San Francisco. China’s exports grew 1.0 percent year-on-year in July, well below market expectations of an 8.6 percent rise, while imports grew 4.7 percent, against a 7.2 percent forecast. Benchmark 10-year Treasury notes were trading 17/32 higher in price to yield 1.64 percent.—Agencies

Key aspects of proposed overhaul of Nigerian oil industry L AGOS —Nigeria

has launched a fresh bid to overhaul Africa’s largest oil industry, with President Goodluck Jonathan forwarding new legislation to parliament. The following are key aspects of the 223-page bill: Current situation: Profits from onshore oil production are currently taxed at a rate of 85 percent, while offshore production, generally more cost-intensive, draws a 50percent rate. Proposed changes: Under the new legislation, profits would be taxed at 50 percent for onshore and 25 percent for offshore production, but

Nigeria’s 30 percent corporate income tax would also apply. Current situation: Royalties on offshore production are based on a sliding scale according to water depth, while onshore is 20 percent. Proposed changes: Royalty rates are not included in the legislation—which could give the oil minister the power to alter them when necessary—but they are to be based on production and oil price rather than depth. Companies are to pay 10 percent of their net profit into a “Petroleum Host Community Fund,” which is intended to benefit areas where oil and

gas production occurs. The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation would be unbundled: A National Petroleum Assets Management Company will house interests in joint ventures between the NNPC and international oil firms. A National Oil Company and National Gas Company would also be created. The NOC would divest up to 30 percent of its shares within six years for offer on the Nigerian Stock Exchange. The NGC would divest up to 49 percent of its shares within six years for offer on the stock exchange.—AFP

Ex-Barclays chief executive hits back over Libor attacks L ONDON —Former Barclays chief executive Bob Diamond on Saturday hit back strongly at claims by British lawmakers that he gave “highly selective” evidence over the Libor rate-rigging scandal. The cross-party Treasury Select Committee issued a report Saturday in which lawmakers accused US national Diamond of holding back information while it grilled him last month over the Libor affair. The committee also said British regulators had shown serious shortcomings in their failure to stop Barclays manipulating the key Libor interest rate, and said the Bank of England was naive to think banks would not behave dishonestly. Unhappy with the criticism against him, Diamond said in a statement: “I strongly challenge certain assertions about my testimony.” “I answered every question that was put to me to me truthfully, candidly and based on information available to me. I categorically refute any suggestion to the

contrary.” Diamond resigned last month over Libor along with the Barclays’ chairman and chief operating officer. Libor, or London Interbank Offered Rate, is a flagship London instrument used as an interest rate benchmark throughout the world. The rate affects what banks, businesses and individuals pay to borrow money, while the scandal risks engulfing banks across the world. British and US regulators fined Barclays #290 million ($453 million, 369 million euros) in June after the bank admitted that it attempted to manipulate the Libor and the related European Euribor rates between 2005 and 2009. The fallout risks becoming much wider, however, with analysts claiming that the lender could face massive lawsuits, since mortgage rates passed onto customers were influenced by Libor rates. Banks across the world are meanwhile being investigated to see if they too were guilty of manipulating rates. Earlier Saturday, Andrew

Tyrie, the lawmaker who chaired the Treasury select committee inquiry which produced the Libor report, said: “Mr Diamond’s evidence, at times highly selective, fell well short of the standard that parliament expects, particularly from such an experienced and senior witness.” In the report, entitled “Fixing Libor: some preliminary findings,” lawmakers called for “urgent improvements” in the way British banks were run and regulated. “Public trust in banks is at an all time low,” Tyrie said. “Urgent improvements, both to the way banks are run, and the way they are regulated, is needed if public and market confidence is to be restored.” These included “higher fines for firms that fail to cooperate with regulators, the need to examine gaps in the criminal law, and a much stronger governance framework at the Bank of England,” Tyrie added. The report concluded that “there was something deeply wrong with the culture of Barclays.—AFP


Iraq helping Iran skirt sanctions

Feared dead M A N I L A —Helicopters and divers were searching Sunday for one of the most powerful Philippine ministers who was missing and feared dead after a light aircraft he was travelling in crashed into the sea. President Benigno Aquino took the lead in the search for Interior Secretary Jesse Robredo, a day after his plane went down near the central island of Masbate. Aquino flew to Masbate where military divers and helicopters were scouring the area for the minister, who is missing along with two pilots. Transport Secretary Mar Roxas, who accompanied Aquino, said special sonar equipment had also been flown to Masbate to help in the search operation after some debris, including one wing of the missing plane, was recovered. “We just want to do everything we can to save him (Robredo),” Roxas said in a message on Twitter. Four people were on the private plane. Robredo’s aide, Jun Abrazado, was the only rescued survivor and Aquino said he was conscious and had sustained only a few injuries. The government also called a prayer vigil at a Roman Catholic chapel in Manila for the 54-year-old cabinet member, a father of three daughters and a former city mayor. He is considered to be one of the most influential Philippine politicians and a close presidential aide. As interior secretary, Robredo was in control of the country’s 143,000-strong national police force which has long been dogged by accusations of corruption and abuse. In recent months, he had ordered investigations into alleged financial irregularities over the construction of police stations and purchase of helicopters and rescue boats.—AFP

Mmission ends A L E P P O —UN observers wind up their mission in Syria Sunday, after Damascus denied opposition claims that top regime official Vice President Faruq al-Shara had defected as its armed forces pounded rebels in several key flashpoints across the country. The United Nations won support from the West as well as Russia and China for its new envoy for Syria, veteran Algerian diplomat Lakhdar Brahimi who was named on Friday to replace Kofi Annan at the end of the month. In Damascus, state television issued a statement from Shara’s office after opposition and media reports that he had fled, saying: “Mr Shara has never thought about leaving the country or going anywhere”. Shara, 73, is the most powerful Sunni Muslim figure in the minority Alawite-led regime of President Bashar al-Assad and has served in top posts for almost 30 years. Adding to the mystery, a former deputy oil minister who defected in March said Shara was actually under house arrest and that other top officials were being kept under surveillance. “He has been trying to leave Syria,” Abdo Hussameddin told Al-Arabiya television. “But there are a series of circumstances that prevent him from leaving, especially the fact that he has been under house arrest for some time.” Assad’s regime has already been hard hit by a series of defections since the anti-regime revolt erupted in March 2011, including former prime minister Riad Hijab and high profile general Manaf Tlass—a childhood friend of Assad. “Initial reports show that there was an attempted defection, but that it failed,” the rebel Free Syrian Army (FSA) said. The conflicting reports came as UN chief observer General Babacar Gaye accused both sides in the 17-month conflict of failing to protect civilians who have borne the brunt of the increasingly brutal violence. —AFP

Asylum policy S YDNEY —Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard on Sunday defended her decision to send asylum-seekers arriving by boat to Pacific islands, saying it was a “tough” policy but could save lives. Canberra’s plans to reopen shuttered camps on Papua New Guinea’s remote Manus Island and on Nauru have prompted criticism from rights advocates who have described it as a backward step. It also represents an about-face by the Labor Party which abandoned the policy after winning power in 2007, after complaints people had languished for years on the islands before being resettled under the previous government. “Yes, this is tough policy. And I understand for many people that it’s hard for them, that it’s emotionally hard for them—I’ve seen that written on the faces of some of my Labor colleagues,” Gillard told Sky News. “With respect, the feelings of me or any Labor member are a second order issue, indeed a hundredth order issue, compared with saving lives at sea.” Gillard could not say how long people would wait on Nauru or Manus before being resettled, but admitted it could be for an “extended period of time”.Australia has struggled to cope with a record influx of boatpeople this year, many originally from Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Iran and Iraq who make their way to Australia via Asia. The government hopes the prospect of years in detention on remote Pacific islands will deter asylum-seekers from attempting the dangerous sea voyage which has cost hundreds of lives over the past decade. But it admits that current facilities at Manus and Nauru, which can cater to 600 and 1,500 people respectively, are so run down they are not yet suitable for use. Rights activists have expressed alarm at the policy, saying it appears discriminatory because asylum-seekers arriving by boat will be processed offshore but those who come by plane will be processed in Australia.— AFP

Obama’s Eid greetings W A S H I N G T O N —President Barack Obama wished Muslims well on Saturday for the feast of Eid al-Fitr marking the end of the holy month of Ramadan. n the United States, Saturday was considered the 30th and final day of the dawn-to-dusk month of fasting this year, and Sunday will mark the start of the feast. Michelle and I extend our warmest wishes to Muslim communities in the United States and around the world as they celebrate Eid alFitr,” Obama said in a statement released by the White House. For Muslims, Ramadan has been a time of fasting, prayer and spiritual renewal. These past four weeks have also been a time to serve the less fortunate—a reminder of the obligations that people of all faiths have to each other.” ishing Muslims across the United States and around the world “Eid mubarak” (happy holiday), Obama said the celebrations in America speak to “the truth that communities of faith—including Muslim Americans—enrich our national life, strengthen our democracy and uphold our freedoms, including the freedom of religion.” That is why we stand with people of all faiths, in the United States and around the world, in protecting and advancing this universal human right,” he added. —FP

BAGHDAD —Iraq is helping controls Iraq’s central bank

Violent storms kill 12 as heatwave sweeps eastern United States.

Morsi to visit Iran, a first in decades CAIRO — Egypt’s President Mohammed Morsi will attend a summit in Iran later this month, a presidential official said, the first such trip for an Egyptian leader since relations with Tehran deteriorated decades ago. The visit could mark a thaw between the two countries after years of enmity, especially since Egypt signed its 1979 peace treaty with Israel and Iran underwent its Islamic revolution. Under Morsi’s predecessor Hosni Mubarak, Egypt, predominantly Sunni Muslim, sided with Saudi Arabia and other Sunni-dominated Arab states in trying to isolate Shiite-led Iran. Until now, contacts have been channeled through interest sections, a low-level form of diplomatic representation. In May last year, Egypt, which was ruled by an interim military council, expelled a junior Iranian dip-

lomat on suspicion he tried to set up spy rings in Egypt and the Gulf countries. It’s too early to assess the implications of the visit or to what extent the Arab world’s most populous country may normalize relations with Tehran, but analysts believe it will bring Egypt back to the regional political stage. The visit is in line with popular sentiment since Mubarak’s ouster in an uprising last year for Cairo to craft a foreign policy independent of Western or oil Gulf countries’ agendas. “This really signals the first response to a popular demand and a way to increase the margin of maneuver for Egyptian foreign policy in the region,” said political scientist Mustafa Kamel el-Sayyed. “Morsi’s visits ... show that Egypt’s foreign policy is active again in the region.” “This is a way also to tell Gulf countries that

Egypt is not going to simply abide by their wishes and accept an inferior position,” he added. The official said that Morsi will visit Tehran on Aug. 30 on his way back from China to attend the Non-Aligned Movement Summit, where Egypt will transfer the movement’s rotating leadership to Iran. He spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not yet authorized to make the announcement. The trip is no surprise — it came days after Morsi included Iran, a strong ally of Syrian Bashar Assad, in a proposal for a contact group to mediate an end to Syria’s escalating civil war. The proposal for the group, which includes Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Turkey, was made at the Organization of Islamic Cooperation summit in Saudi Arabia’s holy city of Mecca. During the summit, Morsi

Assange to make statement on diplomatic row LONDON –Julian Assange is expected to make a public statement later on the diplomatic row that has engulfed him since being granted asylum by Ecuador. The Wikileaks founder reportedly plans to speak outside the Ecuadorean embassy in London where he has taken refuge. He faces extradition to Sweden over sexual assault claims, which he denies. Ecuador ’s president has suggested Assange could co-operate with Sweden if assurances are given that there would be no extradition to a third country. Australian Assange, 41 - whose Wikileaks website has published a mass of leaked diplomatic cables embarrassing countries including the US - first walked into the embassy in Knightsbridge, asking for protection, two months ago. Assange entered the embassy after the UK’s Supreme Court dismissed his bid to reopen his appeal against extradition and gave him a two-week grace period before extradition proceedings could start. It is established international protocol that local police and security forces are not permitted to enter an

embassy, unless they have the express permission of the ambassador. Reuters/ BBC. But Assange has been warned by the British authorities that he will be arrested when he leaves the embassy. Although Wikileaks’ Twitter feed revealed his plan to make a statement at the front of the embassy, it is not clear precisely how this will happen. The Sunday Times quotes sources close to Assange who say he would be prepared to leave the embassy if guarantees are given by Sweden that he will not be extradited to the US. His supporters claim he could face persecution and even the death penalty. Alba group On Friday, Ecuador’s President Rafael Correa used his weekly national address to say that the South American country had never said Assange should not “answer to the Swedish justice system”. “What we have always asked for is a guarantee that there won’t be a second extradition to a third country as that would put at risk Assange’s life and freedom.” Correa said a letter from the British government

that drew attention to the Diplomatic and Consular Premises Act 1987 was “intolerable” and an “explicit threat”. The act could allow the UK to potentially lift the embassy’s diplomatic status to allow police to enter the building to arrest Assange for breaching his bail terms. Meanwhile, the Alba group of leftist Latin American nations founded by Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez - has warned the UK government “it will face grave consequences around the world if it directly breaches the territorial integrity” of the embassy. The UK Foreign Office has said the letter had been sent to clarify “all aspects of British law that Ecuador should be aware of”. It has also said it would follow its obligations, under the Extradition Act, to arrest Assange if he leaves the embassy. Sweden, meanwhile, has said it is “unacceptable that Ecuador would want to halt the Swedish judicial process”. It wants to question Assange over allegations that he sexually assaulted two female ex-Wikileaks volunteers while he was in Stockholm to give a lecture in 2010.—APP

exchanged handshakes and kisses with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, in their first meeting since Morsi assumed his post as Egypt’s first elected president. The idea was welcomed by Iran’s state-run Press TV, and a leading member of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood said that Tehran’s acceptance of the proposal was a sign Egypt was beginning to regain some of the diplomatic and strategic clout it once held in the region. After the fall of Egypt’s longtime strongman Hosni Mubarak in last year’s popular revolt, officials have expressed no desire to maintain Mubarak’s staunch anti-Iranian stance. Last July, former Egyptian foreign minister Nabil Elaraby, who also heads the Arab League, delivered a conciliatory message to the Islamic Republic, saying “Iran is not an enemy.” — AP

Masked gunmen wound eight in Russian mosque: ministry M OSCOW — Masked gunmen burst into a mosque in the troubled Russian Caucasus region of Dagestan, wounding eight, the regional interior ministry said in a statement Saturday. “The number of wounded in the shooting at the mosque in the town of Khasavyurt has risen to eight,” the interior ministry said after two unidentified gunmen shot at worshippers in the Shiite mosque on Saturday evening as Muslims celebrate the end of Ramadan. —AFP

Twin blasts kill two in Libya capital: security official T RIPOLI —Twin blasts near security force buildings in the Libyan capital early on Sunday killed two people and wounded several more as Mulims marked the start of the Eid al-Fitr holiday, a security official said. “Two explosions struck at dawn, the first near the military academy on Omar alMokhtar Avenue, the second near the interior ministry. —APP

Ecuador allies warn Britain of ‘grave consequences’ L ONDON —Ecuador has re- ministers ceived powerful backing from regional allies as they warned Britain of “grave consequences” if it breaches diplomatic security at Ecuador’s embassy in London, where WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange is holed up. The warning capped two days of a tense diplomatic standoff between Britain and the South American nation, which on Thursday granted asylum to Assange, whose website enraged the United States by publishing a vast cache of confidential government files. Britain has responded by vowing not to grant him safe passage out of the country. But Ecuador called on its allies from the Venezuela-led so-called Bolivarian Alliance for the People of Our America (ALBA), whose foreign

flew to the Ecuadoran economic capital and displayed late Saturday full dip-lomatic support. “We warn the government of the United Kingdom that it will face grave consequences around the world if it di-rectly breaches the territorial integrity of the Embassy of the Republic of Ecuador in London,” said a statement issued at the end of the ALBA meeting. The statement, read by Ecuadoran Foreign Minister Nicolas Maduro, also rejected Britain’s “threats vis-avis our territorial integrity and sovereignty.” The regional group, which also includes Bolivia, Cuba, Nicaragua as well as a number of smaller Caribbean na-tions, expressed its “categorical support for Ecuador’s sovereign right” to grant asylum to

Assange and urged other world nations to reject what it called “Britain’s attempts to impose its will by force.” ALBA nations also called on the United Nations to discuss the issue of inviolability of diplomatic installations around the world. Britain has angered Ecuador by suggesting it could invoke the Diplomatic and Consular Premises Act of 1987, which it says allows it to revoke the diplomatic immunity of an embassy on British soil and go in to arrest As-sange. Assange, whose website caused a stir in the diplomatic world when it published a trove of diplomatic cables and military logs from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, took refuge in the embassy on June 19 to

evade extradition to Sweden, where he is wanted for questioning over alleged sexual misconduct. ssange, 41, is set to face the world’s media on Sunday from the safe haven of London’s Ecuadoran embassy but risks arrest if he takes even one step out of the building. With police officers primed to detain him, Assange must find a way of speaking publicly without setting foot out-side, raising the possibility of him being forced to speak from a balcony or lean out of a window. WikiLeaks was tightlipped about the logistics of Assange’s planned appearance at 1300 GMT, with spokesman Kristinn Hrafnsson telling AFP what little he knew could not be discussed for “security reasons.”—AP

its neighbor Iran skirt international sanctions by smuggling oil and letting Tehran secretly move large amounts of cash through bank auctions, The New York Times reported Sunday. Last month, US President Barack Obama singled out the Elaf Islamic Bank in Iraq, saying it had arranged transactions worth tens of millions of dollars with Iranian banks already under sanctions because of alleged links to Tehran’s nuclear program. But the Times said the bank was only part of a network of financial institutions and oil-smuggling operations that have helped funnel cash to the Islamic republic as sanctions choke its economy. David Cohen, the Treasury Department’s under secretary for terrorism and financial intelligence, said the United States is “actively pursuing efforts to prevent Iran from evading US or international financial sanctions, in Iraq or anywhere else.” Iraqi government officials are turning a blind eye to the large money transfers, smuggling and other trade with Iran and some are making a direct profit from the activities, the Times said, citing current and former US and Iraqi officials, as well as banking and oil experts. Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki effectively

and is “right in the middle of this,” a former US intelligence official told the newspaper. It said that Iranian groups all but control at least four Iraqi commercial banks through Iraqi intermediaries, giving Tehran direct access to the international financial system from which it was supposed to have been shut out through the sanctions. Trade between Iran and Iraq has rapidly increased since the 2003 US-led invasion that overthrew Saddam Hussein, reaching an estimated $11 billion a year, according to the Times. Iraqi government spokesman Ali al-Dabbagh insisted that Iraq “is not intending to break any rules.” However, he added: “we also have good relations with Iran that we do not want to break.” The Times said that large-scale smuggling of oil and oil products is on the rise, with Baghdad doing little to stop the “highly organized” effort. Iraqi fuel oil obtained at very low prices through government subsidies is being smuggled from Iraq to Iran through Kurdistan, according to the newspaper. Some of the cheap fuel is then smuggled again to Afghanistan to be sold at a significant profit. And the Times said that some Iranian oil is shipped to Iraqi ports for sale. —AFP

Ten Japanese land on disputed islands T OKYO —At least 10 Japa- rocks, emulating the pronese nationalist activists have landed on a group of disputed islands, amid an escalating territorial row with China. The activists swam ashore after a flotilla carrying about 150 people reached Japan’s controlled Senkaku islands, called Diaoyu in China. Japan’s coast guard is now questioning the activists, who had earlier been denied permission to visit the islands. The move triggered protests in a number of cities across China. More than 100 people gathered near the Japanese consulate in China’s southern city of Guanghzou, demanding the Japanese to leave the islands, the state-run Xinhua news agency said. Anti-Japanese rallies were also held in Shenzhen, Qingdao and Harbin, the agency reported. The islands in the East China Sea lie on a vital shipping lane, and are surrounded by deposits of gas. The Japanese launched their flotilla on Saturday, saying they wanted to commemorate the Japanese who died near the islands in World War II. They raised the Japanese flag when the landed on the

China activists who had made the same gesture during their trip. A journalist from the French AFP news agency, who is aboard one of the boats, said the flotilla had arrived off the main island, Uotsuri, at sunrise. One of the politicians on the flotilla, Kenichi Kojima, told AFP: “I want to show the international community that these islands are ours. It is Japan’s future at stake.” China has warned that the expedition would undermine its territorial sovereignty. “Any unilateral action taken by Japan on the Diaoyu Islands is illegal and invalid,” said Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Qin Gan. Earlier this week, pro-Chinese activists sailed to the disputed island chain from Hong Kong in a protest aimed at promoting Chinese sovereignty. Some of the activists were deported by Japan, and others sailed away from the islands. In a separate development, Japanese newspaper Yomiuri Shimbun is reporting that Tokyo is planning to replace its ambassador to China.—AP

Syria rebels aided by British intelligence: report L ONDON —British intelli- strategic location near the gence on Syrian troop movements is helping rebels launch successful attacks on regime forces, a Sunday newspaper reported, quoting an opposition official. The Sunday Times weekly said the disclosure by the official was the first indication that British intelligence was playing a covert role in the anti-regime revolt which first erupted in March 2011. The newspaper quoted the official as saying British authorities “know about and approve 100%” intelligence from their Cyprus military bases being passed through Turkey to the rebel troops of the Free Syrian Army (FSA). “British intelligence is observing things closely from Cyprus. It’s very useful because they find out a great deal,” the official told the newspaper. “The British are giving the information to the Turks and the Americans and we are getting it from the Turks.” According to the official, the most valuable intelligence so far has been about the movements of troops loyal to President Bashar al-Assad towards the flashpoint commercial hub of Aleppo, which is partly controlled by rebels. The stricken second city has become the focus of the conflict, partly because of its

Turkish border. “The British monitor communications about movements of the government army and we got information about reinforcements being on their way to Aleppo,” the official told The Sunday Times. “We hit at the government troops in Idlib and Saraqib [southwest of Aleppo], with success.” The report said that early in August, FSA fighters had reported two large columns of government troops heading towards Aleppo. One was from Latakia on the Mediterranean coast and the other from Damascus, the capital. The fighters did not reveal the source of their intelligence at the time. “We ambushed troops and a column of more than 40 tanks in a valley near Saraqib,” the official told The Sunday Times. “We cut them off and destroyed many of them with repeat attacks with rocketpropelled grenades.” Britain has two sovereign military bases in Cyprus, one at Dhekelia and one at Akrotiri. They draw intelligence from the airwaves for GCHQ, Britain’s national electronic surveillance centre in Cheltenham, western England, the report said.—AP


England vs South Africa, 3rd Investec Test

Amla keeps South Africa moving towards No. 1 L ORD ’ S —South

Africa moved inexorably towards the stats of the world’s No. 1 Test nation as England managed to remove only the nightwatchman Dale Steyn on the fourth morning of the third and final Test at Lord’s. Hashim Amla, missed on 2 down the leg side by Matt Prior the previous day, his first drop standing back for two years, made England suffer for the let-off. He was 94 not out at lunch and his consummate response to all that England’s offspinner, Graeme Swann, could throw at him, was a major indication of South Africa’s authority. England were desperate for inroads with the second new ball which at lunch was only 20 deliveries away. Temperatures around 30C made it the hottest day of the summer, but England’s frustration grew as a thundery shower, not forecast, caused the morning session to be suspended three minutes early. South Africa led by 210 runs at lunch after a morning in which they added only 65 runs in 26.4 overs, a largely featureless session in which they again displayed the sort of batting durability to which England have had few answers. Amla did not hit a boundary all morning - one mistimed lofted drive against Swann dropped close - but his understated progress was hurting England badly. England made their task of recovering the series at the last more difficult with another blemish in the field. James Anderson’s fumble, diving forward to intercept a simple catch at short

still largely true, surface. Steyn was treated to a barrage of short balls. He had been struck on the top hand (his left) the previous evening and the physio was trotting out with the pain-relief spray within minutes of the resumption as Finn hit him again. As Finn is in the habit of remarking at every interview, he was certainly hitting the right areas. Steyn clung on gamely for nearly nine overs until Stuart Broad produced a rearing delivery which he could only lob gently to James Taylor at short leg. Anderson’s over use of the short ball also led him to receive an official warning from the umpire, Simon Taufel, to go alongside the warning he had received from the other umpire, Kumar Dharmasena, the previous day for running on the pitch.—Agencies

LORD’S: Hashim Amla of South Africa continued to defy England during 3rd Investec Test on Sunday. midwicket off Swann left the England began eagerly batsman, AB de Villiers, look- with Steven Finn summoning ing on in wonder. De Villiers, a concerted, hostile spell for on 8, was 24 by lunch. the first time in the series. But

Amla survived some early play-and-misses and played the rest of England’s attack in comfort on a sedate, and

Olinga, 16, becomes La Liga’s youngest scorer M ADRID —Sixteen-year-old tional message, young play-

Malaga played at half pace all evening, with one eye perhaps on the club’s first ever Champions League match at home to Panathinaikos on Wednesday that will be key to qualification to the group stages of the competition. Francisco Alarcon ‘Isco’ was their best player and he saw a thunderous drive hit the crossbar on 77 minutes before the teenage Olinga should have finished the rebound from close range, clumsily hitting his shot wide. That setback did not deter him however and with seven minutes remaining he broke through the home defence and hit a shot onto the post. Malaga retained possession and the ball broke to another substitute Diego Buonanotte who twisted and turned on the left side of the area before producing a

cross that Olinga turned home with his knee to make La Liga history. Federico Fazio and Alvaro Negredo grabbed first-half goals for Sevilla in a 2-1 home win over Getafe. Ex-Sevilla defender Alexis Ruano pulled one back for the club from the outskirts of Madrid but the hosts were stronger and deserved the points on a baking hot night in the southern city. Spain international Jesus Navas had the first chance of the game for the home side sliding on to a cross amidst a sleepy defence on four minutes only to see his effort go narrowly wide. Miku had a shot saved by Diego Lopez at the other end but the home side were in control and it was no surprise when they went ahead on 34 minutes. Centre-half Fazio gratefully headed home an Ivan Rakitic cross that Getafe keeper Carlos Moya was slow to deal with and four minutes later that lead was doubled. Controversy, however, surrounded the goal when it appeared that ex-Arsenal winger Jose Antonio Reyes had dived to earn the penalty that Negredo converted. Getafe came out with more purpose in the second half and Alexis halved the deficit, heading home a corner on 50 minutes. In the late game, kicking off at an unprecedented 11pm local time, Israeli forward Tomer Hemed scored twice to help Mallorca beat Espanyol 2-1. Hemed swivelled in the area before shooting the home side into a two-minute lead, before Ghanaian midfielder Wakaso Mubarak’s equally brilliant equaliser for Espanyol four minutes later. The game never reached those heights again until the 85th minute when Michael Pereira crashed a shot onto the VIGO: Malaga CF’s forward Fabrice Olinga (C) celebrates with teammates after scoring bar and Hemed drove home the a goal against Celta during a Spanish first league football match at the Balaidos stadium. rebound for the winner.—AFP Fabrice Olinga made history on Saturday when he became the youngest ever player to score in La Liga, grabbing the only goal as Malaga clinched a 1-0 victory at promoted Celta Vigo. The Cameroon-born forward came on as a 58thminute substitute to make his league debut and got the 84th-minute winner as the new season got under way. At only 16 years and 98 days, Olinga is 191 days younger than current Athletic Bilbao player Iker Muniain who had held the previous record for youngest scorer. Malaga coach Manuel Pellegrini denied that the teenager’s debut was a message to the club’s owners who have been criticised for selling some of their best players over the summer. “The debut was no inten-

ers like him and Portillo and Juanmi have to get experience and in no way does it prove we are lacking resources in the squad,” said Pellegrini. Celta, back in La Liga after five seasons away, were the better side for much of the game with ex-Chelsea player Quique de Lucas looking particularly dangerous. The veteran de Lucas had the best chance of the first half hooking a Roberto Lagos cross just over the crossbar. After the interval he went close on three ocassions in quick succession. Willy Caballero, excellent all evening in goal for Malaga, blocked two shots in two minutes before the striker unluckily struck the left hand post after being played through by the industrious Iago Aspas.

S Africa 1st Innings: 3 0 9 England 1st Innings: 3 1 5 South Africa 2nd Innings: Petersen lbw b Broad ... 24 Smith lbw b Swann ....... 23 Amla not out ................ 108 Kallis lbw b Finn ........... 31 Steyn c Taylor b Broad .. 9 de Villiers not out .......... 31 Extras: (2nb 4b 5lb) ....... 11 Total: (for 4) ................. 237 Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W Anderson ........ 18.0-2-55-0 Broad ............... 16.0-1-61-2 Swann .............. 30.0-7-64-1 Finn .................. 16.0-2-37-1 Trott ................... 4.0-0-11-0 Fall of wicket: 1-46, 2-50, 3131, 4-164

U-19 World Cup: Australia to face South Africa in semi-final T O W N S V I L L E —Australia will lock horns with South Africa in the first semi-final of the under-19 World Cup to be held on Tuesday here,

Geo News reported. In the first quarter-final, Australia defeated Bangladesh by 5 wickets, while South Africa overpowering England in one-sided fight won by 103 runs. The third quarter-final between Pakistan and India and the second quarter-final between New Zealand and West Indies will be played tomorrow.—AFP

Pietersen set for England talks L ONDON —Dropped star batsman Kevin Pietersen is facing showdown talks with England skipper Andrew Strauss next week as he tries to rescue his international career. The two men are to meet after the conclusion of the third Test against South Africa at Lord’s to discuss whether Pietersen has a future in the squad after he was discarded for sending text messages to members of the South African team during the second Test at Headingley, Britain’s Press Association reported. The looming talks came amid further reports that some of South African-born Pietersen’s texts were offensive to Strauss and allegedly offered advice to the touists on how to dismiss him—AFP

Li beats Venus to reach second final in a row CINCINNATI (Ohio)—China’s Li Na, seeking her first WTA title since winning the 2011 French Open, defeated Venus Williams 7-5, 3-6, 6-1 to reach the final of the ATP and WTA Cincinnati Masters. Ninth seed Li, who reached the Montreal final last week, will play Sunday’s final against fifth seed Angelique Kerber of Germany, who defeated Czech fourth seed Petra Kvitova, the 2011 Wimbledon winner, by 6-1, 2-6, 6-4. Left-hander Kerber, who ousted Serena Williams in the quarter-finals, seeks her third title of the year but took her only victory in five career meetings with Li in March at the Indian Wells quarterfinals. Kerber, who has lost only one three-set match this year, played steadily in the face of more than 50 unforced errors from Kvitova. Li captured the first set and broke Williams’ first service game of the second set for a 2-0 edge when the American, nagged by back pain, called for the trainer, receiving a back rub and returning to the court. The treatment made all the difference to former World No. 1 Williams, who won the next five games on her way to forcing a third set that Li dominated, improving to 3-0 all-time against Williams with her 33rd victory of the season. Williams produced two of her eight double-faults on break points to lose games. Li, beaten by Kvitova last weekend for the Montreal title, has lost three finals in

MASON, OHIO: Li Na of China returns a shot to Venus Williams during the semifinals of the Western & Southern Open at the Lindner Family Tennis Centre. all this year. But Li, 30, is playing her first event with new coach Carlos Rodriguez, a former mentor to seven-time grand slam winner Justine Henin who currently coaches at an

academy in Beijing. Rodriguez got the call only days ago from Li’s agent after the player decided to cut loose her husband as her coach and go with a professional.—AFP

Squash: David claims second Australian Open crown C A N B E R R A — M a l a y s i a ’s Nicol David won her second Australian Open crown when she beat England’s Laura Massaro in straight games Sunday, saying it was “heartbreaking” that squash was not in the Olympics. The 28-year-old world number one saved six game points in a crucial opening game before overwhelming Massaro 17-15, 11-2, 11-6 in an enthralling women’s final. Playing in front of legendary champion Heather McKay, the defending champion showed why she is considered the greatest player of the past decade, absorbing everything the Englishwoman threw at her before taking control. Massaro played almost perfect squash in the first game, slowing the pace and keeping David pinned to the back of the court, but her inability to convert the game points cost her dearly. David came out firing in the second and although Massaro battled hard, the result was never in any doubt once the Malaysian had taken a two-love lead. “It was hard to get Laura off my back. I had to really

CANBERRA: Malaysia’s Nicol David celebrates winning the women’s singles squash final. get stuck in there, it was excluded from the Olympics. mentally and physically “I was in London for the tough,” David said. Olympics and it was just “I just knew I wasn’t let- heartbreaking to watch all the ting that first game go, it was other sports knowing squash close. I’m just so glad to win isn’t part of it,” she said. it three-love.” “Squash players are David said it was a shame some of the best athletes in that a physically demanding the world. It’s a sport truly sport such as squash was for all-rounders.—APP

We celebrate Hindu festivals also, say Yusuf and Irfan Pathan BIPIN DANI OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT M UMBAI —Like any other Muslim family, the Pathan family, which has given two brothers- Yusuf and Irfanto Indian cricket, was getting ready to celebrate Eid in Vadodara. “The celebration is not going to be unusal. We all family members will celebrate together”, Yusuf and Irfan Pathan said from their home. Pathans grew up in a mosque in Vadodara, in an impoverished family. Their father served as the muezzin. Although their parents wished them to become Is-

lamic scholars, the elder Yusuf and his brother, Irfan took an interest in cricket. Their games on the grounds off and inside the mosque often necessitated apologies from their father to Muslim worshippers who visited it. “My father, Mehmood Khan has been serving in the mosque since he was 14”, Yusuf said. “The entire family (including sister, Shagufa, and mother Samimbanu) has been observing Roza (Fasting) in this holy month. When on tour, we miss fastings on match days but observe them on practice days. We, however, cover up the missed rozas”, Yusuf said. “We get wishes from friends and team mates on

Eid days”. “It is not only we celebrate the Eid festivals. We have many Hindu friends and reciprocate our wishes on Hindu festivals like Raksha Bandhan, Janmasthami and Diwali. We fire crackers on Diwalis too”, he said. “The month of Shravan in Hindu is as holy as Ramadhan in our community and both come together almost every year, indicating Hindus and Muslims are brothers”, Pathan brothers said. The Pathan brothers have not been chosen to play against New Zealand but they hope to play the homse series against Pakistan later this year.


New drug aids gout patients not helped by standard treatments

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NJECTIONS of pegloticase, a modified porcine enzyme, can produce signifi cant and sustained clinical improvements in 2 out of 5 patients with chronic gout that is resistant to conventional therapies, researchers report in JAMA. In two controlled clinical trials, pegloticase rapidly lowered high levels of uric acid, the biochemical abnormality in gout, and kept it in the normal range for six months or more in 42 percent of patients receiving the drug every two weeks. Forty percent of patients had complete resolution of at least one of the painful swollen joint nodules, known as tophi, a hallmark of severe gout. Injections of pegloticase, a modified porcine enzyme, can produce significant and sustained clinical improvements in 2 out of 5 patients with chronic gout that is resistant to conventional therapies, researchers report in the August 17, 2011, issue of JAMA. In two controlled clinical trials, pegloticase rapidly lowered high levels of uric acid, the biochemical abnormality in gout, and kept it in the normal range for six months or more in 42 percent of patients receiving the drug every two weeks. Forty percent of patients had complete resolution of at least one of the painful swollen joint nodules, known as tophi, a hallmark of severe gout. “This represents the first effective therapy for a group of patients who previ-

ously had no options at all,” said the study’s sen-ior author, Michael A. Becker, MD, professor of medicine at the University of Chicago. “This is for patients with severe gout, in-cluding major disabilities and high levels of pain. Many of these people had dramatic responses within months, some with complete resolution of tophi, as well as reduced levels of pain and disability. The rapidity of these outcomes is unheard of.” “People are dramatically helped by the drug,” said rheumatologist John S. Sundy, MD, PhD, director of the Duke Clinical Research Unit and lead author of the study. The drug’s response among patients who have failed common therapies is typically an “all-or-nothing result,” he added, “providing marked relief for those who benefit.” Becker cautioned that “it’s not curative, but it resets the clock, moving the hands back on a patient’s struggle with a progres-sive disease.” Once associated with European royal families, gout is increasingly a middleclass American disease, with connections to obesity, hypertension, diabetes, heart disease and alcohol abuse. An estimated 6 million people, about 2 percent of the U.S. adult popula-tion, have gout, a number that has increased by about 50 percent since 1990. The disease is caused by a gradual accumulation of uric acid.

KARACHI: Women buying jewellery for Eid-ul-Fitr at Tariq Road.

MQM calls for promoting unity, harmony K ARACHI —The coordina-

tion committee of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) has strongly condemned the incidents of sectarian violence in Karachi, and termed it a conspiracy to destabilise the country. In a statement, the coordination committee said murder of people belonging to different schools of thought is an attempt to instigate violence. The coordination committee appealed to public, particularly Ulema to be vigilant against any conspiracy to instigate sectarian violence and remain peaceful. They called for promoting unity and harKARACHI: Police is deployed and containers are placed to block road which leads to mony.—APP Governor House, due to security concerns on Eid-ul-Fitr.

4 killed in Karachi violence, security beefed up for Eid K ARACHI —At least four citizens held and thrashed persons were killed and several others injured in fresh spate of target killings in different areas of the city on Sunday.According to details, two persons whose identity could not be ascertained were killed in separate firing incidents in Nazimabad and Lyari areas.The police recovered dead body of a person from a house located in Frontier Colony of SITE Area. The deceased was gunned down after torture. Bullet riddled and tortured body of an unidentified man was found in graveyard situated in Paracha Chowk locality of Pirabad. The body was shifted to Abbasi Shaheed Hospital for postmortem.Meanwhile the

three accused busy in looting in local route passenger bus at Mauripur Road in Old City area. The accused were later handed over to police. Arms, looted valuables and cash was recovered from the possession of detainees. City police as a part of precautionary measures for assuring fool proof security has sealed all the routes heading towards red zone by putting containers and deploying heavy contingent of police. The police have also started snap checking of suspected persons and vehicles. Security personnel in civil dress would also continue patrolling in public places and markets on the occasion of Eid ul Fitr.—INP

Sindh govt declares Thar a disaster hit area KARACHI —The Sindh government has declared the drought and disease-affected district of Thar a calamity-hit area. According to Sindh Information Minister Sharjeel Memon, the chief minister has officially declared the district a disaster area. He said that the decision was taken after drought and different diseases which killed hundreds of birds and animals in the district.Memon said that the district was facing shortage of drinking water, foods and other basic needs. He added that the government was taking all the measures to help the people of the area and to save the animals in the region.—DNA

Karachiites prepared to celebrate Eid with religious fervour KARACHI—Karachiites seem erty of the citizens. The po- hours, he will met senior ofto be fully prepared to celebrate Eidul Fitr on Monday with religious zeal and fervour.All important public and private buildings, including shopping centres, have been decorated and illuminated. The roads and streets of the city especially those approaching eidgahs, mosques and Imambargahs have been washed and cleaned. According to the police, fool-proof security arrangements have been made to ensure safety of life and prop-

SHC takes notice of pillion riding arrests

K ARACHI —Sindh

High Court (SHC) Chief Justice Mushir Alam on Sunday took notice of the arrests of pillion riders on the eve of Eidul-Fitr, the religious festival, in Karachi and directed the authorities to release all the detained persons before tonight. The CJ also directed the magistrates to visit the police stations to monitor the situation. Justice Alam directed the police to release the pillion riders on easy terms and condition. The Chief Justice also ordered that no accused

could spend night in police stations. He directed magistrates to issue released orders on easy conditions, adding that release the accused on the basis of CNIC if needed. On Saturday, the Sindh government, keeping in view worsening law and order situation in the city, once again imposed a ban on pillion riding of motorcycle for three days. According to the notification, old citizens, women, children and journalists would be exempted from the ban.—DNA

PAEC endorses EGO Pakistan Exhibition & Conference

K A R A C H I —PAEC has endorsed International Energy, Gas, Oil & Power Exhibition & Conference (EGO Pakistan 2012) as destined to fly high with Pakistan’s participation. Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), which has endorsed the event and will be featuring at EGO Pakistan 2012. PAEC is the government’s leading energy organization working on the generation of electric power. PAEC subsidiary Al Technique Corporation of Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd would also be participating at the EGO Conference, and is sure to prove to be a great forum for sharing new ideas and information needed to “Energize Pakistan”. EGO Pakistan 2012-InterKARACHI: A vendor displays toy sheep to attract customers on main road of Rizvi national Energy, Gas, Oil & Power Exhibition & ConferSociety in Nazimabad.

ence scheduled from 18th to 20th September at the Expo Centre Lahore, is organized by FAKT Exhibitions (Pvt.) Ltd. Aimed to provide a platform gathering all the energy resources under one roof, the event is going to be the benchmark event in the energy and power sector, which would bring the resources and decision makers on one platform. Apart from the conventional sources of energy generation, the exhibition would capitalize on the non-conventional renewable energy sources that are abundantly available in Pakistan like wind, solar, biomass and coal. The exhibition showcasing latest technologies in energy conservation and alternative energy is expected to bring massive foreign participation in energy and power sector.—Online

lice and Rangers will also be deployed at mosques, Imambargahs and eidgahs. Eid prayers will be held in many mosques, Eidgahs and Imambargahs of the city. The government functionaries , politicians and elite of the city will perform prayers in their respective residential areas. Sindh Governor Dr Ishratul Ebad Khan will perform Eidul Fitr at Gulshan-e-Jinnah (Old Polo Ground) near the Governor House. After Eid prayers, from 0900 to 0930

ficers of armed forces. From 0930 to 1130 hours, he will meet general public, civil and military officers and prominent citizens and exchange Eid greetings with them. Wife of the Governor Ms Shahina Ebad Khan will meet women at the Governor House from 0930 to 1130. Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah will celebrate the Eid in his native town Khairpur Mirs’. There, he will meet the general public , politicians an elite of the area, and exchange eid greetings.—APP

Drizzle expected in city KARACHI—Partly cloudy or cloudy weather with chances of light rain or drizzle is expected in the city over next 24 hours.—APP


Honey may ease nighttime coughing in kids

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SPOONFUL of honey before bed may help little kids with a cough and their parents - sleep through the night, a new study suggests. Parents also reported that after giving honey to kids, their coughing was less frequent and less severe. Coughs are one of the most common reasons kids go to the doctor, said Dr. Ian Paul, a pediatrician from Pennsylvania State University in Hershey. But, he said, “The theries for cough and cold symptoms... have problems in that they’re not very effective, or not effective at all, and they have the potential for side effects.” Many over-thecounter cough and cold products have a “do not use” warning for kids under four. One of the concerns with the medications is parents accidentally giving kids too much, or kids getting into the drugs themselves. “As opposed to many of the other things we give - medications and medicines that do have side effects - honey over age one is almost completely safe,” Paul, who wasn’t involved in the new study, told Health. Researchers from Israel randomly assigned 300 kids, aged one to five, to one of four different nighttime cough treatments. Half an hour before bedtime, parents gave their children 10 grams of one of three types of honey - including eucalyptus and cit-

rus-based honey - or syrup made from dates that was also sweet but honey-free. In written and telephone surveys, parents reported their kids’ cough symptoms and how well both they and their kids slept the night youngsters took a spoonful of honey or date extract as well as how well they had slept the night before. Parents rated each of the symptoms on a 7-point scale. On average, parents initially gave their kids’ cough frequency and severity and sleep problems a rating of between 3 and 4. That improved in all groups the night after the sweet treatment was given - but to a larger extent in kids who took honey. Cough symptoms and sleep scores fell by 2 points, on average, in kids who ate honey, compared to a 1point drop after a spoonful of date extract. Parents also slept better the night after their kids’ honey treatment, Dr. Herman Avner Cohen of Tel Aviv University and his colleagues reported Monday in Pediatrics. Their study was cofunded by the Honey Board of Israel. According to Paul, there are a couple of different explanations for why honey might help ease kids’ cough. “Honey is very rich in antioxidants, so that may have some role in fighting whatever infection is causing the cold symptoms,” he suggested.

Shortage of composition in trains irks passengers LAHORE—Shortage of composition in hardly available passenger trains for branch lines irked passengers who were going to their hometowns to celebrate Eid festival with their families. A passenger Khalid told APP here on Sunday morning at Lahore Railway station that only two trains are available for Narowal section in the evening and he had to wait for several hours as no other means of transport available to his area. He said earlier 20 trains come and go daily but the present administration had shutdown several trains one by one on the basis of many issues but, he added that those trains were not restored after removal of the issue. Sajid, another passenger intended to travel with his family said delay of trains for hours is also a major problem, adding that he would have to wait for the train for more than seven hours as it was late from Karachi. He said shortage of passenger coaches during the Eid days would also be a problem, adding that women and children had to travel without seats and sometimes in the doors of the train which could be resulted into any accident.—APP

Bid to smuggle cigarettes foiled L AHORE —Pak

Rangers foiled an attempt to smuggle cigarettes and other items to India and succeeded in arresting a smuggler after an exchange of fire at Wahga Border here on Sunday. Rangers sources said four smugglers were trying to smuggle cigarettes and other items to India. During operation, an exchange of firing between the smugglers and rangers personnel took place. After a shootout, the rangers succeeded in arresting a smuggler with injuries while his three accomplices managed to escape. The injured were rushed to the Services Hospital. FurLAHORE: Girls show designs of Mehdi applied on hands on the occasion of Eidul Fitr. ther investigation is underway.—APP

Rescue 1122 on high alert LAHORE—The Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been put on high alert to cope with any emergency in the province during Eid holidays. According to a Rescue 1122 spokesman, the provincial monitoring cell at headquarters would remain operational round the clock to ensure effective implementation of district emergency plans. District control rooms will also be functional round the clock for the provision of effective emergency services to the public and leave of rescuers officials have been restricted. In Lahore, Rescue 1122 staff would remain on special duties in district control room, emergency rescue stations, 24 equipped emergency ambulances, 13 fire vehicles, four rescue vehicles and a disaster rescue team.—APP

Minister for active role of students for community awareness L AHORE —Punjab Minister role for community aware- while inspecting the protecfor Education,Mian Mujtaba Shuja-ur-Rehman has directed city’s Shalimar town administration to take action against owners of old tyre shops for ignoring directions of entomologists on dengue prevention. He said violators’ shops will be sealed and action will be taken according to law. The minister directed removal of waste from UCs located in town areas. He expressed these views while inspecting arrangements against dengue in Shalimar town areas. The Minister distributed pamphlets bearing information on dengue virus. Mian Mujtaba said that students could play a vital

ness by highlighting precautionary measures against dengue. He said the government was extending all out cooperation to students and institutions for organising seminars/walks to raise public awareness. Meanwhile, Education Minister Punjab Mujtaba Shuja ur Rehman has directed the Shalimar town administration to take action against owners of old tyre shops for not following the suggestion of entomologists. He said violators’ shops would be sealed besides taking action against them as per law. He expressed these views

tive measures against dengue in the Shalimar town areas. The Minister also distributed pamphlets regarding instructions about dengue virus among the general public. He said students could inform the society about precautionary measures against dengue virus in a better way, adding participation of students in the campaign against dengue fever last season had produced encouraging results. He urged the students to apprise people of precautionary measures against dengue, adding government was extending every possible corporation in this regard.—APP

Eid to be celebrated with renewed pledge LAHORE—Eid-ul-Fitr will be Punjab Governor Sardar Latif integrity and sovereignty of celebrated on Monday across the country with religious fervour and reverence coupled with renewed pledge to forge unity in the entire Muslim Ummah and further strengthen the national cohesion and solidarity. Hundreds of thousands of believers will throng mosques and Eidgahs to offer Eid prayers at over 700 places in different parts of the provincial metropolis. As usual, the biggest Eid congregation in the city will be held at the historic Badshahi mosque where

Khosa will offer prayers. Eid prayers will also be held at Data Darbar, Masjid Shuhada, Masjid Wazir Khan, Jamia Mosque, Tehrik Minhaj ul Quran and Baghe-Jinnah, Lawrence Road. Eid prayers will also be offered at Karbala Gamey Shah and Islampura mosque. Special prayers for the liberation of all occupied Muslim territories, including held Jammu and Kashmir, will be offered. The prayers for strengthening the national solidarity,

Pakistan would also be offered. Ulema and Khateebs from different schools of thought will deliver special sermons and lectures to highlight the significance of the day and call upon the Muslims to follow the teachings of Islam. All centres of Pakistan Television Corporation, Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation and several other channels have chalked out special programmes for the auspicious occasion. The news-

LAHORE: Workers cleaning vast courtyard of Badshahi Mosque as part of preparation for Eid-ul-Fitr prayers.

Shahbaz for controlling possible outbreak of dengue virus SALIM AHMED L AHORE —Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that controlling the possible outbreak of dengue virus for protection of human lives is more important than the Eid happinesses. He said that Eid’s delights can be increased by serving the masses. He said that the staff of all concerned departments will also perform duties during Eid holidays, whereas elected representatives will monitor the anti-dengue arrangements personally during the Eid days. He was presiding over a meeting of Cabinet Committee for eradication of dengue, here today. Education Minister Mian Mujtaba Shuja-urRehman, Advisor Salman Rafique, Members National and Provincial Assembly, Additional Chief Secretary, secretaries of various departments, Commissioner Lahore Division, DCO Lahore, DG LDA, experts and other senior officers attended the meeting. Addressing the meeting, Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that arrangements for coping with the possible outbreak of dengue have been given final shape in the provincial metropolis during Eid holidays. He said that Emergency Response Committees have been fully activated in nine towns. The Chief Minister directed that the attendance of the staff working under Emergency Response Committees should be ensured at all cost and strict action should be taken against those who remain absent. He said that effective eradication of dengue

PEF distributes Eid gifts L AHORE—The Punjab Education Foundation has distributed Eid gifts among girl students and their mothers of a school partnered with the PEF under its New School Programme (NSP) in Ghang Sharif Village near Kahna on Ferozpur Road. Addressing the ceremony, PEF Deputy Director (Communication) Ms. Aruj Salman said the foundation was earnestly working to encourage the low strata to send their children to PEF partner schools for having an easy access to education. She said, “Eid gifts are a small gesture to give the message of love and affection to the students that PEF is equally sharing the joys and happiness of its students’ community and their families.” PEF Deputy Director (NSP) Hassan Javed said that more than 55,000 students were getting free education under NSP in 36 districts through 419 partner schools in Punjab.—APP

mosquito is possible through elimination of its larvae, therefore, in case of finding dengue larvae, the concerned sensitive place should be protected by adopting preventive measures. He directed that there should be no negligence in carrying out the process of spray and fogging on sensitive places. The Chief Minister ordered immediate suspension of TMO Gulberg Town and other staff responsible for showing negligence in checking of under-construction plazas. He said that keeping in view the experience of previous year, there is no scope of any mistake this time. He directed that cleanliness arrangements be ensured in private schools and those private schools which have failed to take anti-dengue steps should be sealed. The Chief Minister said that there are threats of existing of dengue larvae at industrial units. He directed Secretary Industries to en-

sure anti-dengue arrangements in the factories throughout the province, including Lahore. He said that cooperation of the people for overcoming dengue is of utmost importance, therefore an awareness campaign among the citizens should be launched in this regard. Shahbaz Sharif said that publicity campaign for eradication of dengue through billboards, banners and flexes on prominent places be launched. He directed that immediate disposal of rainwater standing at low-lying areas be ensured and proper treatment with chemical be arranged so that larvae could not breed in water. The Chief Minister said that keeping in view of the report of the presence of larvae at Railway Colony Lahore, special attention should be paid to the elimination of larvae there. While issuing orders for immediately drying up of water at all decorative fountains, the Chief Minister said that swim-

ming pools should be made dengue-free through use of chemicals. He said that the fish should be released for elimination of dengue larvae where rainwater is standing in large quantity. He said that warehouses would be constructed for storing anti-dengue equipments in big cities within two months. He directed that the process of imparting training to volunteers for controlling the likely outbreak of dengue virus should be accelerated. Medical Expert Dr. Faisal Masood informed the meeting that at present dengue situation is far better than the previous year. He said that last year, hundreds of people were affected due to dengue during the same period, whereas due to best preventive arrangements, now the situation is under control. Secretaries of concerned departments gave detailed briefings to the Chief Minister about the steps taken for eradication of dengue.


E-Paper August 20th 2012