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Self-right denial to Palestinians, Kashmiris threatens peace: Zardari Abbas demands dismantling of illegal Israeli settlements

8 militants killed in Orakzai blitz TARIQ SAEED PESHAWAR—Coming hard on the militants positions in the Aurakzai agency the PAF jets on Sunday mowed down at least eight miscreants in the hilly terrain besides destroying a number of hideouts of the alleged terrorists. As the operation against the trouble makers challenging the writ of the government in Aurakzai agencies continued, the PAF war machines heavily bombed the militants positions in parts of troubled upper Aurakzai agency. The incessant bombing left at least eight people dead and many others injured. “The Pakistan Air force planes carried out operation in

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Eight Arabs detained in Timbuktu TIMBUKTU—Eight Arab men have been detained by the military in Timbuktu, raising fears of further reprisals against the region’s Arab minority, whose members are accused of having supported the al-Qaida-linked fighters who had ruled northern Mali for most of the past year. Witnesses late Saturday confirmed the Feb. 14 arrests. Ibrahim Ould Ali said his 70-year-old father Ali Ould Mohamed Kalbali was taken from his shop. Mariam Mint Elbakaye, a merchant’s wife, said her husband Mohamed Ould Mohamed Lamine was grabbed by soldiers while in the street. A neighbor said two brothers were taken by the army from their home and another resident said four truck

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Pakistan lose second Test by four wickets CAPE TOWN— Pakistan lost the threeTest series after South Africa recorded their second consecutive win by four wickets here at the New Lands on Sunday. Chasing 182, South Africa completed their victory before the end of the fourth day, losing six wickets. For South Africa, Hashim Amla was the top scorer with 58 while AB de Villiers made 36 and captain Graeme Smith scored 36. Off-break bowler Saeed Ajmal bagged four wickets for 51 runs finishing the match figures of ten for 147. This was his third ten-wicket haul in Test cricket. However, South African Robin Peterson was adjudged the Man-of-the-Match for his allround performance.—AP Details on Page 16

Quetta protesters seek army deployment ‘No’ to bury victims till arrest of culprits; Nationwide rallies against tragedy

He said “we would continue that Palestine has achieved non- full member of the UN.” state‚ he said it is a sad state of ISLAMABAD—President Asif Expressing dismay at the affairs that Israeli is mocking the Ali Zardari has reaffirmed to voice our support for the member observer state status at UN and violating international Pakistan’s unwavering support laws with impunity. to the Palestinians in their just Strongly condemning the struggle for the establishment of STAFF REPORTER building of illegal settlements in an independent state with Althe occupied territories‚ PresiQuds Al-Sharif as its capital. dent Zardari called upon the in- Q UETTA —After Saturday’s He was speaking at a lunternational community to stop bloodshed in Quetta, the cheon hosted in honor of the visIsrael from building new settle- Hazara Democratic Party (HDP) iting Palestinian President ments. These settlements‚ he on Sunday gave a 48 hour ultiMahmoud Abbas at Aiwan-esaid‚ would be a death blow to matum to Balochistan governSadr in Islamabad Sunday. the two-nation state solution. ment to kick off a ‘targeted opIsrael’s complete disregard for eration’ and hunt down the culinternational law is a slap on the prits behind Kirani road blast. Addressing a news conferface of the entire international ence, Vice Chairman HDP called community. The President said contin- upon Governor Balochistan to ued denial of inalienable right order an operation “otherwise of self determination to the protest will be held outside the people of Occupied Kashmir Balochistan High Court on ISLAMABAD—Pakistan and and Palestine carries the risk of daily basis.” Palestine Sunday agreed to “People of Hazara are beinstability of the Middle East constitute a joint commission ing eliminated through a welland South Asian region. He said comprising of Foreign Mindespite global consensus on the planned target killing and if this isters of the two countries to resolution of these two disputes‚ didn’t stop we will be justified expand the existing political these goals remain elusive with in taking any step,” he said. cooperation into other areas no engagement and practical “This terror incident in Quetta including economy, agriculsteps taken towards their would not have taken place had ture, banking and education the government unmasked culachievement. and social and cultural secPresident Zardari said Paki- prits of last month’s killings.” tors. Reports said the death toll stan and Palestine have a close‚ The Joint Commission strong and historical relation- from bombing in Quetta climbed will be formally setup and begin its work soon, said ISLAMABAD: President Asif Ali Zardari in a meeting with President of the State of Pales- ship‚ founded on the aspirations to 83. The figure could rise beand heartfelt sentiments of our cause 20 people were critically President Asif Zardari during tine Mahmoud Abbas on Sunday. peoples. He said we share the wounded in the attack in a main talks with Palestinian Presibazaar at Hazara Town. cause of Palestinians at every the United Nations and we will negative reaction of Israel to the Continued on Page 7 In a statement on Sunday, international forum. We rejoice fully support its admission as a recognition of Palestine as a Continued on Page 7 Azizullah Hazara said that the

Pak, Palestine joint commission to expand coop

MQM ministers, special assistants quit IRFAN ALIGI KARACHI—After parting ways from PPP in the province and Centre, Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) submitted 11 resignations to Sindh Governor Dr Ishrat Ul Ebad Khan on Sunday. Member provincial assembly MPA Khawaja Izhar Ul Hassan, who had recently taken oath as the provincial Minister and was awaiting to have a port-

folio called on Sindh Governor with MPA Khalid Bin Wilayat to officially hand over resignations of lawmakers from MQM. On the other hand, those from MQM that were appointed as advisors and special assistant to Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah, submitted their resignations to the CM. Sources in MQM had told Pakistan Observer that soon after the governor would accept their resignations, would also

tender his resignation. As far as the resignations of MQM Ministers, member national assembly were concerned, those were being prepared late Sunday after press conference of the Coordination committee of MQM at Khursheed Begum Secretariat. Dr Farooq Sattar, Deputy Convener of the Coordination committee of MQM had in that press conference said that MQM

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ECC likely to approve Shale Gas Framework for 3 pilot projects Pak shale gas reserves 51 trillion cubic feet ALI SYED I SLAMABAD —The Economic Coordination Committee (ECC) that is to meet here on Tuesday (tomorrow) is likely to approve the Shale Gas Framework in a bid to cope with the increasing energy crisis as according to the

US Energy Information Administration the country is estimated to have reserves of 51 trillion cubic feet (tcf) shale gas. A summary of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources seeking approval of Shale Gas Framework has been sent to ECC for approval of

which the copy is exclusively available with Pakistan Observer. Pakistan is estimated to have reserves of shale gas of 51 tcf and the estimated reserves of Low BTU gas is 2 tcf and tight gas of 40 tcf. Currently no shale

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ISLAMABAD—Finance ministry spokesman Sunday denied rumours about resignation of Finance Minister Dr Abdul Hafeez Shaikh , saying that he would continue to discharge his duties as per schedule. He would also chair the high-level meeting of Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) on Monday(today), the spokesman added. Earlier, sources said that Dr Abdul Hafeez Shaikh tendered his resignation from the post of federal finance minister.

Doctors call off hunger strike SALIM AHMED L AHORE —A representative delegation of Young Doctors Association (YDA) met Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif at Model Town Sunday and announced to call off its hunger strike. The delegation also assured the Chief Min-

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QUETTA: Shiite Muslims raise their hands during a protest to condemn Saturday’s bomb blast in a busy market in Hazara Town.

Elections on May 5 LIAQAT TOOR ISLAMABAD—General elections are expected to be held on May 5, Presidential sources privy to the developments told this scribe. After meeting of Shujaat-led

Government delegation with Minhajul Quran Chief Tahir-ulQadri on Saturday, Information Minister Qamar Zaman Kaira had announced the national and provincial assemblies will be dissolved on March 16 and the general election will be held

Pakistan’s survival, strength depend on intrinsic Nazriya Pakistan has come to stay for bigger role in world Zahid Malik inaugurates new chapter HARIPUR—In the green valleys and plains of Haripur, where people are imbued with spirit of Islam, Pakistan and its Nazriya, Nazriya Pakistan Council (Trust) Islamabad opened its new chapter on Saturday afternoon to provide a platform to them to renew their pledge towards this noble mission of Pakistan. Zahid Malik, Editor-inChief and Chairman of NPC inaugurated the new chapter along with his team including Executive members of the

Council in a gathering of elites Speaking on the occasion, nent educationist and Principal of the area in a local private edu- Abdul Wahid Mir Siraj, an emi- of Modernage Public School and cational institution. Educationists, businessmen, eminent social personalities and students participated in the function. Muhammed Saleem Khan, an educationist and President of

NPC to bring one lakh children to schools this year: Zahid Malik

Picture on Back Page Private Education Network (PEN) was appointed as Convener of the new chapter who will spearhead the campaign for spreading message and mission of NPC in Haripur area along with his dedicated team.

Pakistan taking new turns

the current year STAFF REPORTER This was stated by Mr. HARIPUR—The Nazriya Pa- Zahid Malik, Editor-in-Chief, kistan Council is about to launch a country-wide campaign to bring one lakh school-less children in educational institutions during

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Hafeez Shaikh’s resignation report denied

NPC opens Haripur chapter


community would also stage protest in Europe, Australia and outside the United Nations. The HDP leader demanded the government to make arrangement to shift the injured of the blast to Karachi and outside the country for better treatment. “We are demanding the city be handed over to the army so that the killing of Hazara Shiites can be stopped,” protesters said. They said, we are not going to bury the blast victims till the culprits are arrested. Most of the dead and wounded were Hazaras, an ethnic group that migrated from Afghanistan over a century ago. Shiite Muslims, including Hazaras, have often been targeted by Sunni extremists in the province of Balochistan. At the blast site, members of the Hazara community helped authorities dig through rubble to find the dead or survivors. Most of their efforts were focused on a two-story building that was completely destroyed. More than 20 shops nearby were also demolished.

Pakistan Observer, while inaugurating the Haripur Chapter of Nazriya Pakistan

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College, Abbottabad, who especially travelled from Abbottabad to participate in the function said the new generation has a very strong point of reference for their identity in the shape of Nazriya Pakistan. It lifts a person from animal existence to human existence. Terming it “co-ordinates” Wahid Siraj said following Uswa-e-Husna, teachings of the Holy Quran and Nazriya Pakistan can strengthen character of youngsters to convert them into very dynamic personalities to serve the nation. Professor, Dr. Ayub Sabir, an expert in Iqbaliat said vision-

ary Iqbal had dreamed of a separate homeland for Muslims in South Asia which will play important role in the affairs of the world. The Convener of the new chapter Muhammed Saleem Khan said Nazriya will be rooted deep in this soil. Survival and strength of Pakistan depends on intrinsic Nazriya. Welcoming the opening of new chapter, another educationist and Principal of local public sector school Abdul Quddus Azad said Nazriya Pakistan

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within 60 days. Election Commission of Pakistan has already geared up its preparations to conduct fair and free elections, ensuring that no person with shady character and involved in corrupt practices sneaks into the Parliament. For screening those persons, a fool proof system with the coordination of State Bank, FBR, NAB, service providers and FIA has been evolved. This system is being strengthened.

Nation’s future hinges on elections: CEC AMANULLAH KHAN K ARACHI —Justice (Retd) Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim, Chief Election Commissioner while talking about forthcoming general elections has said: “There will be no future if elections are not held on time, we have made mistakes in the past but now we are working 18 hours a day for free and fair elections.” Speaking at the inaugural ceremony of Exhibition Labyrinth of Reflections, The Art of

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Writers asked to spread message of peace, tolerance STAFF REPORTER P ESHAWA R —The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Min-ister for Culture and Information, Mian Iftikhar Hussain has called upon the poets and writes to give due place to the sufferings of the people in their writings adding that message of peace, tolerance and mutual harmony of our hereof the yore days should be transmitted to the younger gen-eration. Hamza Baba was one of the few literati who had a clear vision for Pashtuns as he was well aware of their social, economic and politi-cal problems. He expressed these views as the chief guest on the occa-sion of the 18th death anniversary of Babae- Pashto ghazal Amir Hamza Khan Shinwari here Sunday at Peshawar Press Club. The min-ister said that writers and poets were the harbingers of peace, humil-ity and goodwill; it was their responsibility to guide their people on the right track and make them of their history. The event was organized jointly under auspices of the Peshawar Press Club Culture Committee and Hamza Baba Adabi Society, Peshawar while members of the Hamza Baba Adabi Jirga Khyber Agency were also in attendance. “I unlocked the doors of Nishtar hall that had been lying dysfunctional to everyone especially to artistes; writers and intellectuals to carry out their positive ac-tivities, grand theatrical plays on Rahman Baba and Khushhal Khan Khattak were also staged watched by hundreds of people with great interest.

FESCO shutdown

Large-scale killing in Quetta condemned BASHIR AHMAD RAHMANI and black flags chanting slo- complete failure to stop the Fawara Chowk blocking the nor Blochistan and Federal Farooq Ahmad Khokhar gans against the rulers for massacre. They also staged traffic for about half an hour Government to ensure that Election Commissioner said

H A F I Z A B A D —Large-scale their apathetic attitude and a sit-in demonstration in and called upon the Gover- such incidents would not re- here. killing of Muslims of a particular sect in Quetta was mourned by all segments of society particularly by Shia Community in Hafizabad, Pindi Bhattian, Sukheke Mandi and other towns of the district on Sunday. A large number of people gathered in Markazi Imam Bargah in Fawara Chowk here on the call of Hussaini Alliance, Shia Ulema Council and TNFJ where the speakers strongly condemned the mayhem in Quetta in which more than 80 persons were martyred and over two hundred innocent men, women and children killed. Later, they took out a rally which was led by Chairman District Hussaini Alliance Syed Hussain Ali Shah, Liaquat Zawar Khanno, Malik Intikhab Haider and QUETTA: A view of national flag flying at half mast at Balochistan Assembly building as Syed Shabi Ul Hassan Kazmi governments of Sindh and Balochistan observed a day of mourning over the killing of 80 holding banners, placards people in Quetta on Saturday.

Commissioner for accelerating anti-dengue campaign STAFF REPORTER R AWA L P I N D I — C o m m i s sioner Rawalpindi Imdad Ullah Bosal has directed the DCOs and EDOs Health to accelerate the surveillance campaign of dengue and those areas should be focused the dengue larva is identified. The awareness campaign should also be launched to make the public well aware about the preventive measures of Dengue as well as the seminars and walks at each tehsil headquarters be convened from time to time. He issued these direc-

tions while presiding over a meeting held in his office to review the progress of Dengue Surveillance Campaign. The DCOs Rawalpindi, Chakwal, Attock and Jhelum Saqib Zafar, Ahmed Aziz Tarar, Ch. Muhammad Usman, Mirza Mehmood ul Hasan, EDOs Rawalpindi, Chakwal, Attock and Jhelum Dr. Zafar Iqbal Gondal, Dr. Muhammad Nasir, Dr. Musarrat Hussain, DO Health Rawalpindi Dr. Khalid Randhawa and Additional Commissioner Ch. Habib Ullah also attended the meeting. The Commissioner also

directed that information counters for the dengue patients and their attendants be set up in every District Headquarters Hospital of every district. The banners should be placed in the cities having the instructions of preventive measures should be taken by the public. He also directed that a complete inspection of junkyards, patrol pumps, CNG station and under construction buildings be carried out and in case of presence of larva in there, the fire fighting equipments or buckets hanging over there be challaned.

FAISALABAD—The Faisalabad Electric Supply Company (FESCO) has issued a shutdown notice for repair, maintenance and expansion of electricity lines. According to the notice issued by the company, power supply from Johal and Habib Aslam feeders emanating from 132-KV Bandala grid station will remain suspended from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. whereas Kala Bagh, Munda Khail and Mahabat Khail feeders originating from 66-KV Kala Bagh grid station will observe shutdown from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. on Monday (February 18). Similarly, electricity supply from Rafhan Mill, Susan Road, Rasool Park, Saeed Colony, Jubilee, Tariq Abad and New Madina town feeders emanating from 132-KV OTP grid station will remain suspended from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m. while Jahanian Shah feeder originating from 66KV Jahanian Shah grid station will observe load shedding from 9 a.m. to 12 noon on February 18. Meanwhile, power supply from New Iqbal Colony, Sammundri Road, Miani, Korian Road, Dasoha, GIC, Mujahid Abad, Muhammad Ali Street, Nawabanwala, Muzaffar Colony, AlMasoom, Roshan Wala, AlFaisal, Shadi Pura, Chenab Garden, College Road, Barkat Pura, Waris Pura, Nisar Colony, Ahmad Nagar, Aminabad, Samanabad, MGM, Pepsi, Sohail Abad, DType Colony, Malik Ghee Mill and Gulshan-e-Iqbal Colony feeders emanating from 132-KV Sammundri Road Faisalabad grid station will also remain suspended from 8 a.m. to 10 a.m. on Monday (February 18, 2013).—APP



NDEED it was, the jewel of an evening at the Acton House, official residence of the British Deputy H i g h Commissioner Saturday night. There was an aroma of romance, the purity of poetry and a fragrance, spread in the air all over. The dinner in honour of the Karachi Literary Festival participants, had brought together luminaries from their respective fields—novelists, poets, story writers—illustrious, award winning figures— for a chat, exchange of notes, for sharing jokes or having a

Light rain, snowfall likely at Kashmir, GB

recovered from the custody of Pir Jo Goth police on the directives of Sindh High Court Sukkur Bench on Sunday. According to details, a police party headed by DSP Pir Jo Goth raided the house of Meer Chano near the PS and recovered two kids, three-year-old Asif and his sister 18-months old Rani, from the house. The two kids were handed over to their mother Mst Koonj Chana. Mst Koonj Chana had filed a petition before the Court that her children were detained by one Meer Chana and are not being handed over to her. Tne Court directed Pir Jo Goth Police to recover the children and hand them over to their mother Koonj Chana within 24 hours.—APP

on Sunday forecast mainly cold and dry weather for most parts of the country during next 24 hours. However partly cloudy weather with chances of light rain and snowfall over the hills is likely at one or two places of Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan during next 24 hours. According to the synoptic situation, continental air is prevailing over most part of the country whereas a shallow trough of westerly wave is also prevailing over northern areas of the country. Mainly cold and dry weather is expected in most parts of Punjab, Islamabad, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and Sindh during next 24 hours. The lowest minimum temperatures recorded during the last 24 hours were Parachinar 9C, Kalam -8C, Gupis -5C,

ISLAMABAD—Pakistan Meteo- Malamjabba -4C, Astore, Kalat KHAIRPUR —Two kids were rological Department (PMD) and Hunza -3C.

N AWA B S H A H — S e v e r a l

CM urged to fill 90 vacant posts in DHQ hospital OUR CORRESPONDENT HAFIZABAD—Local citizens have expressed their grave concern over the attitude of provincial health department for not filling the vacant post of 90 doctors in the DHQ Hospital, Hafizabad, and have called upon the Chief Minister to order for immediate posting of the doctors particularly Specialists for ensuring better health care to the patients in the district. Scores of local NGOs and President District Awami Mahaz Rana Khalid Mehmood said that there were only 24 doctors including MS as against 114 sanctioned posts in the hospital

which was catering for 1.5 million population of the district. He further said that due to lack of Specialists and physicians in the hospital most of the serious and complicated patients were being referred to Lahore and Faisalabad and most of them die on the way. He demanded immediate posting of more doctors in the hospital. ***** Chief of Sunni Tehrik Sarwat Ejaz Qadri has declared that no negotiation should be made with the Taliban unless and until they surrender their firearms adding that Americans, NATO

forces and Taliban could not be relied upon. Talking to office-bearers of Rabita Committee and office-bearers of the ST, Hafizabad, he referred to the demand of the Taliban for guarantee of Nawaz Sharif and others and questioned the Taliban that who would be guarantor for the protection of 180 million Pakistanis? He condemned the killing in Quetta and incidents of target killing and terrorism in different places in the country and called upon the rulers to take action against the terrorists, extortionists and extremists to ensure peace in the country.

He said that for the slot of District President Ch. Aman Ullah Sandhu Advocate and Ch. Ahmad Bukhash Tarar Advocate have filed their nomination papers, while for two seats of Vice Chairman, Muhammad Irshad Tarar of Baleke, Shoaib Aslam Hanjra Advocate and Afzaal have filed their nomination papers. Mian Muhammad Akhtar Bhatti Advocate and Malik Ali Abbas Awan have filed their nomination papers for the office of General Secretary. Similarly for Tehsil Hafizabad Naveed Ahmad Langah and Syed Afzaal Hussain Shirazi have filed their nomination papers for the office of president while Qazi Imran and Afzaal Ahmad Hanjra have filed their nomination papers for the slot of General Secretary.

Two kids handed to their mother

Events mark 100th year of Nawabshah

ISLAMABAD: Leader of Tehreek Soba Hazara, Baba Haider Zaman, being carried by his supporters before his addressto a public gathering.

cur. ***** Mother of PPP MPA Malik Fayyaz Ahmad Awan (widow of Malik Fazal Hussain Awan MNA) died here after protracted illness. She was 80. She was maternal grandmother of local PPP leader Malik Gul Nawaz Phool Khan Awan and Malik Babar Awan. She was laid to rest in the ancestral graveyard in Garhi Awan, Hafizabad. The funeral was attended by large number of political and social workers, elected representatives, officers, landlords, traders and journalists of the district Sunday afternoon. ***** Election of different office-bearers of PTI of district and tehsil level would be held on February 26, in which 371 electorates would use their right of franchise,

events were held throughout the ditrict on the occasion of centenary celebrations of Nawabshah District. A traditional Sindhi wrestling (Malakhra) contest was held at Bilawal Sports Stadium, which was participated by a large number of wrestlers. Those who won prizes include Khan Muhammad, Saleem Jamali, Karim Bux and others. Deputy Commissioner Rasheed Ahmed Zardari distributed cash prizes among the wrestlers. A Sufiana Mehfil was organised at Jamsahib, the Saints’ town. Sufi singers presented poetry of saint-poets. A Literary Conference organised at Sakrand was participated by Sindhi poets and writers. A book “From Nawabshah to Benazirabad” written by Khadim Hussain Chandio was launched at the Literary Conference. Delivering his presidential address well known writer and poet Taj Joyo said that the district always remained a pivotal point of literature and it produced world famous writers and poets like Gobin Ram Malhi, Muhammad Bux and Hamal Faqir. Other programmes organised to celebrate the centenary of the district included a cricket match, Sindhi- Urdu Mushaira, a marathon race, flower show, a mega musical show and fireworks demonstration.—APP

The rainfall recorded during last 24 hours was Mandi Bahauddin 22 mm, Lahore 19, Gujranwala 11, Sialkot 9, Garidupatta 7, Okara 5, Jehlum 4, Faisalabad and Muzaffarabad 3, Bahawalnagar 2, Murree, Mangla, Bahawalpur, Kotli 1 mm. Dry weather with cool night is expected in the Karachi metropolis during the next 24 hours. The weather forecast on Sunday said that the minimum temperature is expected to remain in the range of 14 to 16 degree celsius.—APP

of invitees were playwright Haseena Moin, satirical poet Anwar Masood with his inseparable colleague Amjad Islam Amjad, The winner of the Costa First Novel Award Kishwar Desai, whose two books “Witness the Night”, and “Origin of Love” are famous productions. She came from Delhi with her mother, who was keen to see her ancestoral home in Lahore,Both Kishwar and her mother were happy to be in Pakistan, though this was not the first time, the Inidan novelist was here. Two other celebrities from Russia, Dr Sergey N Kamenev, director of the centre of Pakistan Studies, Institute of Oriental Studies, and Russian Academy of Sci-

ences, and his co-countryman, Prof Vyacheslav Ya.Belokenitsky, a university professor, serving at the Institute of Oriental Studies and the Russian Academy of Sciences as Deputy Director,, plus the head of the Centre for Study of Near and Middle Eastern countries. Both are highly important scholars, and that fact they are involved in research in on Pakistan, oriental studies, and in near and the middle east, show Russia’s keen interest in the region. Discussions with them was enlightening, for they looked eager to know more about Pakistan, which is of paramount interest to us. The better we keep them informed about us, the easier

for them will be to contribute to bring people of Russia and Pakistan together, and this indirectly contribute to peace in the area and through the globe. A remarkable figure, and perhaps the principal centre of attraction was former US Ambassador to Pakistan Cameron Munter, with his wife. Both were here for sometime, and preferred to visit Karachi moreoften, despite their highly delicate nature of job and tight schedule of duties in Islamabad. Munter resigned his post while being in Pakistan, and almost simultaneously his counterpart in Iraq, Ryan Croker quit his post too. Munter was an altogether different kind of diplomat.


Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry has been urged to take suo motu notice of the Quetta massacre in which more than 80 innocent citizens have lost their lives and two hundered have been injured. Quetta must be forthwith given under the control of army to ensure safety of the innocent Hazara community. This was demanded by the participants of a protest rally taken out by Majlis Wahdat ul Muslimeen . The rally was led by Khadim Hussain Karbalai, Syed maqbool Hussain, Syed Ejaz Hussain Bokhari and others. The participants were shouting slogans against the present govt which failed to provide security to the hazara community .They were holding banners and placards condemning the Quetta blood shed ,demanding security for Hazara community ,bringing the culprits of banned or ganisation to book and were also demanding the handing over of Quetta to army. They said as per the constitution provision of security to every citizen is the duty of the government. The participants also demanded that the banned organisation which claimed the responsibility be brought to book . The rally latter dispersed peacefully at Fawara Chowk. meanwhile a special meeting of Anjuman Jan Nisaran Hussain was presided by Chairman Syed Raza Haider Naqvi. The meeting was attended by Senior Vice President Syed Athar Hussain Kazmi,Syed Zafar Zaidi and others. They condemned the killing of innocent people in Quetta and demanded that Quetta be handed over to army. They demanded that Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry should take notice of this bloodshed and ensure justice.

Talagang land of martyrs, soldiers: Elahi SHAFFAAT MALIK T ALAGANG —Deputy Prime Minister Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi on Sunday said that Punjab government has become defaulter due to failed schemes. He said this while addressing a big public gathering at Talagang. Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi said that he had always been following politics of principles. The Deputy Prime Minister also said that his government had spent more than

Rs 22 billion in Chakwal District during his tenure in total and in Talagang he had spent more than 10 billion rupees on different development projects. He said that he always considered Talagang as his second home and would built his home here in future as well. He said that his government had built a state-of-the-art hospital in Talagang with the cost of Rs. 350 million but recent Punjab Government has shifted all the equipment to somewhere

else which was a huge loss for the people of Talagang. He said that his government had made 9 dams in the area and has provided free tractors in UCs to facilitate farmers. Present regime has spent 70 billion on a project which covers only 55 kilometers, this project is full of corruption and wastage of taxpayers money, he added. He said that he owns this area and will continue to serve the people of Talagang which is the land of martyrs and soldiers.

CHOLISTAN: A folk singer performing at the inaugural ceremony of 8th Cholistan Jeep Rally organized by TDCP at Qila Derawar.

Acton House was the jewel of an evening dig at each other after hard day’s of professional work. In short, it was sheer joy and anyone present there must have considered him or herself lucky in that memorable company. Francis Campbell is a polished diplomat, but more than that, he is a loveable human being, humourous, witty and charming, a disarming smile playing on his face all the time. Welsh, Scotts and now the Northern Ireland people, are by nature and because of their sublime weather, are invariably pleasant and lovely hosts. So has been Francis, bringing with him glorious heritage, these three areas in UK are famous for. Among the large number

CJ urged to take suo motu of Quetta killings

He had his own philosophy and way of working. He wanted to elevate the US-Pakistan relationship from purely government-to-government level to people-to-people level. This was also a major policy pillar for former secretary of State Hillary Clinton. But sordid events like that of Raymond Davis, the US attack on Pakistani military post near Afghan border, plus the killing of Osama Bin Laden, took place in such quick succession, that the whole process got entangled into a turmoil that strained the Pak-US ties. Munter found his mission failing, and though it fit to bid goodbye to an astonishing career. He still thinks that Karachi is like Los Angeles and should never be under-rated or treated as unim-

portant. As for Crocker, he resigned on health grounds, and has not been keeping well. Munter was over ecstatic to be back in Karachi, and among his friends. He is a visiting professor for international relations at Pomono University in his home State of Califfornia. It was lovely to talk to him, and he recalled his fond memories during assignment in Pakistan. There were three ambassadors from Islamabad who had come to Karachi for the Literary Festival. They were the French ambassador Philippe THEEBAUD, a pleasing personality, the German Envoy Cyril Nunn. The Italian ambassador had come here from

Islamabad too. The occasion provided me an opportunity to know two beautiful and highly articulate ladies from the British High Commission in Islamabad, Susan Hayland, the political counselor, and Helen Chorlton, the Press affairs officer. Both were gracious and were delighted to be in Karachi. This was a week filled with hectic activity in diplomatic circles. The German ambassador had a heavy schedule at hand, meeting German firm representatives in Karachi, and those Pakistanis involved in joint venture with Germany. He met them at the dinner hosted by the President of the Pak-German Business Forum, Qazi Sajid Ali at his resident. Qazi saheb is the CEO of one of the biggest German companies BASF. It was a lovely party at his house at the week end.

3 kidnapped, shot dead in Chaman Who quits PPP dies politically FAISALABAD—Secretary General Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) Senator Jahangir Badar said that Lahori rulers have started politicians trading but whoever left the PPP died politically. Addressing a public gathering in Chak No.204, the area of PP-62, he said that PPP believes in the promotion of democracy, adding that it always faced anti democratic forces. He said the PPP never ever indulged in electricity stealing in the history of Pakistan. The electricity was stolen always by them who want to increase their wealth by running their mills, he added. Badar said that a political pundit was trying to convince the public by reciting the poetry of Habib Jalib. But he don’t know that Habib Jalib wrote this poetry to highlight the miseries of the poor not for encouraging the power pilferers, he added. Former provincial minister Badar-ud-Din Chaudhary, Nayyar Hasan Dar member central executive committee PPP, Noor-un-Nisa Malik, Kamran Nayyar Dar, Manzooran Naz, Chaudhary Ejaz Advocate, Rukhsana Qamar and Sakina Chaudhary also spoke on the occasion whle a large number of people including PPP workers, activists and local office bearers were also present on the occasion. It was reported earlier that 9 PPP MPAs join PML-N on Friday. The MPAs, four of them from south Punjab, announced their decision to join the opposition party after a meeting with Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif. They included Nishat Ahmed Daha, Syed Jamil Shah, Rana Babar Hussain and Abbas Zafar Hiraj from Khanewal district, Rana Munawwar Hussain and Sardar Kamil Gujjar (Sargodha), Javed Alauddin (Okara), Qaiser Sindhu (Gujranwala) and Uzma Zahid Bukhari, an MPA elected on a seat reserved for women.—APP

Rs 1m to each blast family announced Q UETTA —Governor Magsi strongly condemned the Karani road bomb blast and expressed his deep sorrow and grief over the deaths of innocent people and injuring of other people. He said that no religion or civilized society allow to kill innocent people. He directed FC and Police to take stern action against the terrorists. He further said, “Governor Magsi has ordered to immediately release compensation of Rs one million to each family of them loved one killed in the bomb explosion. He added that Nawab Magsi has also directed the injured in critical condition should be shifted to hospital in Karachi. He said that the provincial government has announced Rs 10 million prize for the person who would tell whereabouts of the perpetrators of the Karani road blast. The Chief Executive Governor Nawab Zulfiqar Ali Magsi led Balochistan government announced Sunday as observing day of mourning on Karani road bomb blast that claimed 63 lives and leaving 180 others injured. A spokesman for the Balochistan government said on Saturday night that Governor Nawab Zulfiqar Ali Magsi has asked to observe day of mourning on Sunday as 63 innocent people including women and children have been killed and 180 others injured in the bomb blast took place on Karani road. Governor Balochistan Nawab Zulfiqar Ali Magsi visited the Combined Military Hospital (CMH) hospital to inquire after the health of Kirani Road blast victims. Chief Secretary Balochistan Babar Yaqoob Fateh Mohammad, CCPO Quetta Mir Zubair Mehmood and Commandant CMH accompanied with Governor. —APP

Six killed, 15 injured in road accidents P ESHAWA R —At least four persons died and 12 others injured including women and children during a deadly collision between a flyingcoach and truck on Indus Highway in Kohat district on Sunday afternoon. According to Kohat police, the accident occurred near old Toll Plaza where the driver of a speedy coach with 19 persons on board, rammed his vehicle with a truck coming from opposite direction, killing four passengers on the spot and 12 sustained wounds. The ill fated flying coach was coming to Peshawar from Kohat. The condition of five victims are stated to be critical, who were rushed to Kohat District Hospital.

Burewala: An infant was killed while other of the same family injured here. According to details, a speeding tractor torally collided with motorcycle when he was going to Arifwala with his family, as a result, a minor Muhammad Adeel was died on the spot while Mustafa and his wife were sustained injuries. Chaman: Unknown armed men kidnapped and shot dead three Afghanistan nationals and dumped their bodies near railway station here on Sunday. According to Levies sources, armed assailants kidnapped three people in Kachlok area while they were leaving for Afghanistan through Chaman border at BAJAUR AGENCY: Governor Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Engineer Shaukatullah Khan offering Dua after laying floral International Highway. wreath at Martyred Monument of Levies Force.

Govt fails to protect lives, FATA people’s sacrifices for property of people: Sherpao Pak security are a living history

BUNER—Qaumi Watan Party country’s economy was on


Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor, Engineer Shaukatullah Sunday said the time has come for the people of FATA to re-coup their energies; ensure unity and cohesion in their ranks and work for development of their respective areas as well as for security, stability and prosperity of the country. “Sacrifices of the people of FATA for the country are the living history and the recent past has once again has proved this fact and I expressed the confidence that they would spare no effort for betterment of the country too and to ensure better future for them as well,” he maintained.

Addressing a grand tribal jirga at Ghalanai; the agency headquarter of Momand on Sunday, the Governor said, that being one of them it will always be his earnest effort to take all the people of FATA along and ensure stability and peace not only in FATA but also in the best interests of the country. MNA from Momand Agency, Bilal-ur-Rehman was also present on the occasion while a tribal elder, Haji Muhammad Ali presenting the address of welcome warmly welcomed the governor and also thanked him for visiting the area. While highlighting the salient features of the problems, he particularly requested for

ensuring efficient working of educational and health care facilities; construction of Ambar Road; establishment of cadet college, launching of construction of offices and residential colonies meant for the Munda Dam Hydel Project within the jurisdiction of Momand agency. The Governor was also accompanied by Additional Chief Secretary, FATA, Dr. Tashfin Khan and other senior officials of the FATA Secretariat. Engineer Shaukatullah said, peace and stability will always the top most priority and while keeping every feasible option for making this possible, the security and integrity of the country will be kept at the highest esteem and

PCC district councils dissolved in Sindh OUR CORRESPONDENT LARKANA—The members of

SA Speaker for tech education L ARKANA —Speaker Sindh Assembly Nisar Ahmed Khuhro has called for promoting quality education in the country, saying that academic excellence, knowledge and character building indispensable for developing any nation. Addressing as a chief guest at the 21st Annual Parents Day at Cadet College Larkana (CCL) near moen-jo-dero, some 26km from here, he said goal-oriented education is the only barometer to gauge any nation’s progress. He said real power of any nation is the power of knowledge and our institutions must impart it to the youth to make them responsible and useful members of the society. The Speaker appreciated the contribution of Cadet College Larkana to quality education and character building of the youth, who he hoped would emerge as role models. He said quality education can help uproot terrorism. Earlier, Principal and Project Director of Cadet College Larkana (CCL) Prof Muhammad Yusuf Shaikh presented welcome address. Later, the Speaker also took round of the College Library and archives and inaugurated a science, arts and crafts exhibition at the campus. Ex-ambassador to UAE Abdul Razzak Soomro, members of the BoGs of the college, elected representatives and civil and army officers were present. It is also reported that Sindh Education Minister Pir Mazharul Haq, under the supplementary order of the day, introduced the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Bill 2013, which was unanimously passed into the law. The bill is for providing free and compulsory education to all children of age five to sixteen on state expense in the province. Members belonging to treasury and opposition benches spoke on the bill and termed it a landmark legislation of the incumbent assembly. Pir Mazharul Haq said under the bill, private schools will be bound to provide free education to 20 per cent students of the class strength. —APP

APC joint declaration P ESHAWA R —Khyber Pakthunkhwa Minister for Environment and Forests Wajid Ali Khan Sunday said the joint declaration of the All Parties Conference adopted during the recently held Awami National Party (ANP) moot, has reflected the vision and aspirations of people besides providing a road-map to upcoming government to tackle scourge of militancy and terrorism on permanent basis. Talking to APP, the Minister said the declaration would greatly help to carry peace efforts’ forwad as it enjoys the support of people and all the mainstream political and religious parties. He said the Conference has agreed for giving priority to dialogue for addressing the menace of militancy and establishment of durable peace in the society. The ANP leader said we has always given priority to dialogue for solution of all problems whether it was a law and order or militancy issues and held negotiations on several occasions with militants for establishment of durable peace in Swat. The Minister said the Conference laid emphasis that peace needs to be restored in the country so that loss of valuable lives can be stopped and the country could be put on the right track for economic and social developments. Wajid Khan said all the political and religious parties have appreciated the efforts of the Awami National Party for organizing such important moot that would go long way to make the peace process forward. He said the All Parties Conference has endorsed the principal stance of our party that militancy and violence is not only one party’s, one province’s or one area’s problem but that it was an issue of entire country that could be tackled with national unity and cohesion.—APP

its enemies will be taken to task at the cost of every sacrifice. The Governor realized the jirga to maintain their belief in democratic norms and the extension of political parties order to FATA has offered them the opportunity to elect their future elected representatives from the forums of political parties which indeed will be a first experience in their life from the ensuing general elections. “Every political party will be free to participate in electioneering process and therefore it is also in the fitness of the things that the people of FATA should also get them fully up-dated about the reforms introduced in this respect up till now,” he said.

HYDERABAD: Activists of Jamat-e-Islami holding a demonstration against hanging of Kashmiri freedom fighter Afzal Guru by India.

3-day anti-polio drive starts STAFF REPORTER LARKANA—All-out arrangements have been finalised for the National Immunisation Campaign against Polio. More than 307203 children of Larkana district upto five years’ age would be administered Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) during the three-day national polio campaign to be held from February 18 to 20. This was stated by Executive District Officer (Health Services) Larkana Dr. Abdul Fateh Bughio here on Sunday. He said 720 mobile teams

have been constituted which would visit all the areas including the remote and farflung areas of the district to accomplish the task. The EDO Executive District Officer Health Larkana Dr. Abdul Fateh Bughio said Larkana district has been declared as a “Polio Free District” and to maintain its status an estimated number of 283540 children, aged 5 years, must be covered. He further said that children upto 2 years’ age will also be immunised against various other diseases and

pregnant women will also be immunised of various diseases during the three day polio campaign. Dr. Abdul Fateh Bughio exhorted the parents to be cooperative with the visiting mobile polio teams to make the national anti-polio campaign a complete success. He also urged the religious scholars, elected representatives, NGOs and the local community to make this campaign successful so that the children of whole district could be immunised against the fatal disease.

40 kg hair recovered, two criminals arrested

Contractor stops repairing Indus River embankment NAZIR SIYAL L ARKANA —Police

has busted an inter-provincial gang including two criminals belongs to Punjab and recovered 40 kg hair from their possession but two others managed to escape from the scene. These people were reportedly involved in selling human hair and bones of dead bodies, police told newsmen here. According to details, the SHO Taluka Police Station Larkana, Mian Khan Durrani, on an information raided graveyard near Village Khedkar and apprehended Maqbool and Muhammad Sajad in the graveyard, while their two accomplices fled away. The police said the arrested men were the residents

of Multan, allegedly selling the human hair. Police also recovered 40 kg hair from their possession, as they used to collect human hair and bones from the dead bodies at various graveyards. The Police has registered an FIR against them and started investigation into the matter. SHO Mian Khan Durrani told media that arrested men were members of an inter-provincial gang involved in selling the human hair. He said that arrested men have confessed that they had collected 40 kg hair from dead bodies in different graveyards of Kamber-Shahdadkot district and Larkana. ***** The ongoing development/repairing work with a cost Rs. 411 million on the Right Bank of Sukkur-Larkana embankment

Central Executive Council of Pakistan Christian Congress in a meeting here has expressed concern on silence of democratic institutions and mainstream political parties on minorities’ demand of Elections under Dual Voting Rights (DVR) instead of selection. The PCC Central Council discussed political situation of country relating to the dual voting rights to the christian community and decided to dissolve all provincial and district councils of Pakistan Christian Congress of Sindh. It also announced formation of an organizing committee comprising of Morris Sadiq, Secretary General of Pakistan Christian Congress, Arshad Bahadur, Chief Organizer of Sindh PCC and Saleem Baloch, special advisor to Nazir S Bhatti, President of Pakistan Christian Congress. The PCC organizing committee will nominate new PCC Sindh Council and PCC district Councils on March 15, 2013, in a gathering of PCC delegates. The Central Executive Council of PCC also decided to postpone “All Christian Colonies of Karachi Convention on February 23, 2013” due to worsening law and order situation in Karachi . While, a meeting paid homage to Feroz Masih, who had received bullet injuries by police firing on February 13, 1997, in front of Sindh Governor House, Karachi, during an attack on protest procession in a Christian village Shanti Nagar in Punjab.

(QWP) Chairman Aftab Ahmad Khan Sherpao on Sunday said the government had failed to restore peace and provide protection to the people. Addressing a public gathering here to mark the 38th death anniversary of Shaheed Hayat Mohammad Khan Sherpao, he said the federal and the provincial governments couldn’t adopt a comprehensive strategy to address the issues confronting the Pakhtuns. QWP provincial Chairman Sikandar Hayat Khan Sherpao, General Secretary Bakht Baidar Khan, Saleem Advocate, Masood Jabbar, QWP district president Prof Hameedur Rahman, general secretary Maumbar Bacha and Bakhtiar Ali were also present on the occasion. Aftab Sherpao said those doing politics in the name of the Pakhtuns had abandoned them and had done nothing to mitigate their sufferings. He maintained that his party had raised voice for the cause of the Pakhtuns at all platforms and would continue making efforts to secure their rights. He said that no concrete step had been taken to revive the damaged infrastructure in Malakand division where law and order situation was also unsatisfactory. The QWP leader the

the verge of collage due to the ill-conceived policies of the present set of rulers, who were only serving their own vested interests. He said that power consumers were facing prolonged and unscheduled power cuts despite the fact that the price of electricity had been increased manifold. He said the government had given no relief to the masses in the face of backbreaking inflation and the price of daily use items had increased, crippling the purchasing power of the poor segments of the society. Aftab Sherpao said the QWP would resist any move to either postpone or delay the upcoming general elections. He said the government should take steps for creating an environment conducive to holding the polls in a free, fair and transparent manner. He said his party was the real representative of the Pakhtuns and no effort would be spared to serve them. He said his party had the ability to steer the country out of the prevailing crises and put it on the path to progress and development. He paid glowing tributes to Hayat Mohammad Khan for rendering services for furthering the cause of the Pakhtuns.—Online

Arrangements for PS-84 by-election finalised T H AT TA — A r r a n g e m e n t s have been finalised for byeelection to PS-84 (Thatta-1) to be held on February 18. Deputy Commissioner Thatta Muhammad Nawaz Sooho has declared Monday a public holiday in Taluka Thatta on account of bye election to this constituency. Election campaign has reached its climax here. This seat fell vacant after the resignation of Sindh Minister and MPA Sadiq Memon. There are four active candidates in the field after withdrawals and retirement of other candidates. They are former PPP MPA Sadiq Memon, Manzoor Khushik, Hasan Jakharo and Abdul Wahid Brohi. However, the main contest appears to be between PPP candidate Sadiq Memon and an independent Hasan Jakharo. There are total 150052 registered voters that include 80568 male and 69484 female voters. There are 156 polling stations

with 399 polling booths that include 22 for male and 171 for female voters. Out of these polling stations, 26 have been declared sensitive. The administration has taken all measures to ensure free and fair polling under strict security. SSP Waqar Malhan told newsmen that 600 police personnel have been deployed at the polling stations. He said that rangers have also been alerted to be on call in case of any emergency. Meanwhile polling staff, ballot papers and other election materials were being despatched to respective polling stations under strict security by the office of the Returning Officer and District Election Officer Syed Akram Tariq. Additional Deputy Commissioner Anwar Ali Panhwar said that strict security measures have been adopted by the administration to ensure free and fair election in a peaceful atmosphere on the day.—APP

at River Indus near Naudero has been suspended by the contractors and moved all their heavy machinery and staff from the site due unknown reasons, sources told. According to the information, under the Asian Development Bank (ADB) scheme with an amount Rs. 411 million were issued to the unknown contractors to complete their work up to December 31, 2012, but due to unknown reasons it has stopped the work. The inhabitants of several villages near Indus River have expressed concern over the stoppage of work at damaged protective embankment/Bund and demanded of high ups to complete all repairing and development work before the arrival of sea- FAISALABAD: Rescue workers seen busy in finding the bodies of men who drowned at Abdullahpur underpass due to breach in embankment of a canal. sonal irrigation water.

Undeclared war against Pakistan


G-20’s yen gamble


ET another tragedy hit Quetta on Saturday when a massive ex plosion devastated a residential area of the city killing around eighty people including women and children. The blast was of such a high intensity that it shook the Provincial Capital and bodies were littered all around. Such tragic incidents are taking place almost on daily basis in one part of the country or the other but Balochistan is being targeted specifically. The enemies of the country once again made Hazara community their target as the blast took place in Hazara town when people were busy in their routine shopping. This reminds one of the massacre of 10th January, 2013 that forced the Hazaras to stage a sit in, refusing to bury their dear ones and demanding security. Though a banned militant organisation has claimed responsibility of the Saturday blast but it is now an established fact that the blasts and attacks in Balochistan are neither the handiwork of so-called handful of separatists nor the result of a sectarian wave of violence. It is a sheer undeclared war against Pakistan by the enemy. In our view this war is more dangerous as the enemy is invisible, weakening the country and to divert the attention of the security agencies, responsibility of the gory incidents is shifted on one or the other banned organisation. There is no doubt that it is the enemy, which the government functionaries blame off and on for dastardly acts as was done by the former Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani indirectly by drawing the attention of Dr Manmohan Singh and the Indian Prime Minister had only to say that he would look into it. We would stress that time has now come that Pakistan government should expose the hand behind acts of terrorism leaving aside the sheepish policy for the sake of dialogue process. In our view enough is enough and the government should for God’s sake make public the hands behind such acts at the international level and take concrete measures because Balochistan is bleeding which would have disastrous consequences for the Federation.

Govt should take PML-N along I

NFORMATION Minister Qamar Zaman Kaira has said an agreement has been reached to dissolve assemblies on March 16 and a fourteen day period for the scrutiny of nomination papers of contesting candidates. He made the remarks after a government delegation led by Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain held talks with Dr Tahirul Qadri in Lahore. At the same time another Minister Syed Khursheed Shah hinted that the name of the caretaker Prime Minister would be finalized in a week. These statements from two senior government functionaries will clear the foggy sky and bring an end to the ongoing rumours about elections. However we would emphasise that Dr Qadri is not the only stake holder. In fact the biggest stake holder is PML-N, which is one of the two major political parties and all indicators show that it would gain more popularity among the masses before elections and it must have been taken on board in line with democratic traditions. By not consulting the PML-N, the government would not gain anything politically, rather invite more troubles for itself. In fact all the political parties inside and outside the Parliament must have been consulted to ensure political harmony ahead of the general elections. While it would be upto the masses to decide about the future government but for the sake of a congenial atmosphere, misunderstandings must be avoided and all the stakeholders be consulted about the arrangements being made for the elections. We believe that there is still enough time and the government must seek the opinion of the PML-N and other parties about the steps it wants to take as that would promote democratic culture and prevent acrimony and heart burning.

The tallest building to show Pak potential A

N agreement has been signed by Pakistani real estate tycoon Malik Riaz with Abu Dhabi group to build world’s tallest building in Karachi. The fabulous venture is the first of its kind in Pakistan that would involve an investment of $ 45 billion and provide employment to 2.5 million people. Malik Riaz, who gave a big boost and new vision to the construction sector in Pakistan deserves appreciation from all concerned for conceiving a fairy tale project, which no other could even imagine as it involves such a massive investment at a time when businessmen are shy of doing business due to law and order and other issues. The agreement involves the largest single foreign investment any where in the world and would give boost to more than 55 local industries, particularly cement, iron and glass manufacturing. This is a great service to Pakistan and the initiative would be a symbol of potential of Pakistan and visionary people in the country. Out of the total amount, about $35 billion worth of investments will be made in Sind, while $10 billion will be invested in Islamabad and Lahore. We are confident that keeping in view the track record of Malik Riaz as well as Abu Dhabi group, the project would be launched soon and completed in the minimum possible time. The tallest building will be a manifestation that there are people who love to work sincerely for the development and prosperity of the country and well being of its people. We hope and pray that other billionaires in Pakistan would learn a lesson from the precedence set by Malik Riaz, bring back their savings being kept in foreign banks and invest in their country as that would earn them more profit and give them a sense of satisfaction for doing something for the country.

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Resignation of Pope Hinting at the link between the incidence of 9/11 Dr Ghayur Ayub and the Knights of Malta, Seymour Hersh once wrote “how eight or nine neoconservatives, radicals if you will, overthrew the published an article titled ‘The missing Wikileak?’ in Decem American government.” He further ber 2010 in which I wrote, “..To wrote “They see themselves as the the best of my recollection, it was protectors of the Christians. They’re Sky News which caught my eye. protecting them from the Muslims The breaking news referred to a [as in] the 13th century. And this is planned Israeli nuclear attack on two their function.” Some believe that American cities, which were to be against this background Pope linked to Pakistan.” You might ask Benedict has resigned. It is reported that after retirement what has that news got to do with he will be ‘tucked away in the leafy resignation of Pope? I will come to that later, but first south-west corner of the Vatican City, let me say a few words as to why in a small monastery where he will Pope decided to resign. According spend the rest of his days in quiet to reports Pope Benedict is known prayers and contemplation. The to be the most learned pontiff in the building had housed a group of nuns history and is stubbornly orthodox for the last eight years which has been in his beliefs. Having a stubborn vacated for him. He will be moved Pope in post 9/11 world can create in with the title of Bishop of Rome’. problems for the policies of Judeo- In a press briefing Father Lombardi Christian Zionists in Israel and said ‘the Benedict will spend his fiAmerica. Those Zionists are alleg- nal years, praying, studying and writedly linked to the important secret ing having no administrative or offisocieties such as ‘Freemasons’ and cial duties’ In plain words he will live ‘the Order of Knights of Malta’ that like a monk and kept away from the surround the papacy. For example, reach of the public as if he is under people like Gen. Stanley virtual house arrest. The last Pope who resigned 600 McChrystal, and Vice Admiral William McRaven of Iraq-Afghan war years go was Celestine V known also fame are known to be members of as the ‘hermit Pope’. He lived in a ‘Order of Knights of Malta’. We cave after retirement. The present should remember that the Knights Pope is neither a hermit nor will he of Malta are one of the most intrigu- be living in a cave. So what haping and fearsome secret societies. pened that made him resign? It canIt played crucial role in War of the not be medical reason as he was inCrusade back in 13th century AD. serted a new pace maker only a


month ago and was given a clean bill of health. And, there is no retirement age for the Pope. There are conspiracy theories circulating in media. Three take precedence. According to journalist Roberto Quaglia: Pope Benedict was made to resign in order to make room for a new Pope who will sanction homosexual marriage, non-celibate priests, and projects aimed at sexualizing and de-sacralizing the Church. According to him, the judeo-freemasonic secret societies have been pushing Benedict to allow gay marriage and a sex-lovin’ priesthood to which he remained as a stumbling block. So he had to go. According to Professor Ben Isa: the Gospel of Barnabas, currently under armed guard in a special room of the Turkish capitol in Ankara, has been carbon-dated and certified as the oldest surviving Gospel. This copy appears to be identical – word for word – with the other copies, which Western scholars have tried to dismiss as Muslim forgeries. Barnabas’s Gospel reveals that early Christianity was much closer to today’s Islam than to today’s Christianity. Like the Qur’an, it is Unitarian and that Jesus was not actually crucified. Also, it predicts the coming of the Prophet Muhammad. The knowledge about the Gospel came to light in the ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’ which were recovered in the caves of Qumran in 1947. There is fear that the Turkish government will make the Gospel public with enormous consequence to Christianity challenging its basic Tenet of Trinity.

According to this theory the Pope resigned in order to avoid having to captain the sinking ship of Christianity after it hits the iceberg named Barnabas. According Dr. Robert Moynihan, editor of Inside the Vatican magazine, the Pope was due to attend the funeral Mass of Cardinal Giovanni Cheli in St. Peter’s Basilica but at the very last minute, he cancelled his attendance. Early that morning he spent several hours with the Knights of Malta following which he decided to resign instead of attending the Mass. Questions are asked as to what did the Knights of Malta tell the Pope that caused His Holiness to take the “unprecedented” step of stepping down? We will never know. What we can guess is that for a long time they have been putting pressure on the Pope to resign or at least caused him so much worry that he felt he had to vacate the Vatican rather than shoulder responsibility. That’s where my article comes in picture. It is feared that the Knights of Malta and their Israeli friends are about to ramp up the clash of civilizations. For that they might nuke an American city and blame it on Iran. (according to ‘the missing Wikileak’ Pakistan was to get the blame). The Pope could not stomach such or similar dastardly plan so he resigned. What ever the real reason for his resignation it cannot be the failing health or advancing age which the Vatican spokesperson has been projecting.

NPT: A far cry! dered their fissile materials as well. Air Cdre Khalid Iqbal (R) Approach of switching over of health, engineering, agricultural facilities and onderland of nuclear power reactors from usage of Highly non-proliferation has a Enriched Uranium (HEU) to Low treacherous history; it is Enriched Uranium (LEU) is also a full of fantasies, rhetoric, dilem- welcome step; it would certainly remas, deceit and duplicity. Third duce the demand of weapon grade nuclear test by North Korea, an in- material. teresting statement by the Speaker Nuclear arms control and disarof Iranian Majlis about the status mament areas have always been preof his country’s nuclear mised on two parallel tracks. Of programme, and recent imposition these, arms control regimes are purof fresh American sanctions on sued by the nuclear haves, possessfour Chinese and two Belarusian ing piles of nuclear warheads. Arms entities for their alleged violation control instruments play around with of Missile Technology Control numbers without slashing the capaRegime indicates that the nuclear bility. Disarmament approach is politics continues to revolve looked up-to by the nuclear havearound selective application of dis- nots; it calls for retirement and decriminatory laws. Nuclear scenario struction of nuclear weapons aimed at the global level really has to at qualitative down gradation of cover a lot of distance to attain nuclear capability. Both approaches maturity; it is yet an emerging sce- have exclusive proponents. nario, going through the pangs of Unfortunately, laws pertaining evolution. to nuclear transactions are porous From Global perspective, we and their application is politically are living in an environment of and ideologically motivated, and nuclear apartheid, perpetuated by hence selective. Attitude of the counnumerous legal regimes and in- ties having access to advanced struments starting with the NPT. nuclear technologies is not Persistent state of denial to grant favourably poised toward the coundejure status to de’facto nuclear tries striving to have access to civilweapon states casts shadow on the ian application of nuclear technolprospects of continued viability of ogy even in benign fields like health, NPT regime in its current form. agriculture, power generation etc. North Korea has set a precedence Terms and conditions of the US of walking away from the NPT, Agreements 123 signed with India and going ahead with its bold and UAE present two extremes, a nuclear pursuits to address its per- non-NPT state has been allowed to ceived national security con- pile up mounts of weapon grade cerns— for each state has the sov- material; and an NPT member has ereign right to determine threat to been denied all opportunities to its security and muster a match- have an enrichment option. Ongoing response. ing efforts to have a FMCT regime At the same time, there have negotiated for across the board been positive developments as stoppage of fissile material producwell. A number of countries have tion without accounting for the exgiven up their nuclear arsenal when isting stockpiles of bomb making they felt that threat to their national material also aims at freezing yet security had receded and they no another asymmetry. longer needed these dreadful weapHandling of nuclear related ons. Some countries have surren- knowledge, doctrines, machines,


materials, expertise and trade have all along been fussy domains. IAEA is the only UN organ having legal authority to handle proliferation matters. However latest trend indicates that though lip service is paid to its central role, ways and means are continuously being sought for, to settle the nuclear issues by circumventing the IAEA frame-work. Notwithstanding the fact that heavy menu of existing treaties, conventions, UNSC resolutions and structures is unable to work with requisite synergy, emphasis continues to be on creating new structures, protocols and treaties. Forum of “Nuclear Security Summit” has also been mobilized to serve this purpose. While bypassing the principle of global consensus, a number of multilateral understandings, pledges and treaties have evolved during the two summits, to handle the nuclear security issues piecemeal. This has resulted in a wheels-within-wheels sort of working pattern. In the post 9/11 setting, bogey of nuclear terrorism has been overplayed for shaping the nuclear narratives that suit the nuclear haves; and make a case to attack some of the nascent nuclear programmes and even pursue the ambition of disarming some nuclear states. Setting up of missile shields is another emerging trend. This indeed weakens the deterrence in regional contexts and has the potential of triggering arms race in various conflict prone regions. In the global context, some of the mind boggling quires are: could the nuclear arms race ever be stopped?; is the concept ‘Nuclear Energy for all and Nuclear Weapons for None’, suggested in the conference held in Iran in 2010, an achievable objective, and is it synonymous with Obama’s concept of Global Zero?; is the nuclear weapon free World likely to emerge? Or is it an utopian rhetoric?; will the setting up of LEU fuel bank reduce the chances of nuclear terrorism or stop further nuclearization of states?; how would the US and Indian mis-

sile defense shields impact the arsenals of other countries? At regional level, asking Pakistan and India to sign NPT as nonnuclear wepon state is untenable; none would give up its capability. However, there is ample space for a solution through proactive diplomacy and concerted effort for an ‘Additional Protocol’ to the NPT that would recognize these two nations as nuclear weapon state parties. By blocking this approach, NPT, is being undermined by its proponents. Point further carried forth, asking Pakistan to do anything that India is not asked to do, in the nuclear regime, is certainly a nonstarter. Likewise, asking Iran to give up its nuclear programme while doing nothing concrete for establishing a nuclear weapon free zone in the Middle East in unsustainable. Pakistan has successfully neutralized India’s Cold Start Doctrine by testing tactical nuclear missile, ‘Naser’. Development of ‘Naser’ missile with 60 KM range was a necessary and a well-timed move. It demonstrates that Pakistan has acquired requisite technology and capability to counter India’s ‘cold start’ and ‘second strike’ capabilities. ‘Naser’ is not a battlefield weapon and hence, does not signal Pakistan’s shift from deterrence towards war mode. Development of cruise missiles by Pakistan was also a compulsion in view of India’s development of missile defense capability. Pakistan continues to follow its doctrine of “minimum credible deterrence” and “strategic restraint”. It continues to act responsibly, cautiously and wisely. This approach has paid off. However unless a sincere effort is made to establish a universal across the board nuclear disarmament regime on the pattern of Chemical Weapons Convention and Biological Weapons Convention, the objective of non-proliferation is likely to continue haunting the comity of nations. —Writer is Consultant, Policy & Strategic Response, IPRI.

HE G-20 bigwigs are back to work, and this time around to persuade Japan to do some introspection as far as its currency pegging is concerned. But the point is that the capitalist league is not going to single out Tokyo and tolerate its new measures of further deflating the yen for obvious reasons. The somersaults in the geopolitical horizon had apparently prevented the US and its European allies to go soft on Japan, and not to criticise it for weakening its tender. A leaked draft communiqué indicates that member states meeting in Moscow would try to take a holistic picture of international financial markets, and tend to ignore the recent steps taken by the newly elected Japanese PM Shinzo Abe pushing the Bank of Japan to double its inflation target. Surprisingly, the G-7, which also includes Japan, is unlikely to set targets for the exchange rates of their respective currencies as they hobnob in Russia. They belief that putting Japan on the spot would not serve any purpose — irrespective of the fact that recent measures had sent the yen sharply lower, falling 1.5% against the dollar. The interesting aspect is that South Korea and China, rival-exporting nations of Japan, are keeping mum over the initiative for reasons of complicity. Nonetheless, it remains to be seen what would be Washington’s posture as far as dealing with the Chinese currency, yuan, is concerned, as historically there had been pressure to re-peg it as per international standards so that the unfair advantage that Chinese exporters retain is taken off. As US President Barack Obama receives Shinzo Abe at the White House next week, he will have to do some balancing act in recasting an equation that comes to deal fairly with both the under-inflated currencies of Southeast Asia — namely the yen and yuan. The greenback, though not in its prime since the Wall Street debacle, is the leading international fiat, and the Americans would have to ensure its sensitivity and potential in the basket of currencies. The US will have to closely look into the Japanese decision of not intervening directly in the currency markets in order to influence the yen’s value. At the moment, the yen has fallen from alltime highs against the dollar and other major currencies helping overcome some relief to the country’s crisis-ridden exporters. But what impact it has had on European exporters and the US is anybody’s guess, as the widening trade imbalance will sooner than later come to foment the new currency war worldwide. — Khaleej Times


Currency war


HE value of a currency is a reflection of market confi dence in a country: the strength of its economic fundamentals, its potential for growth and its social and political stability, among others. Unfortunately, rather than let free markets determine the value of their currencies, national and monetary authorities frequently try to manage them in an effort to boost their economies. Weak currencies make goods and services cheaper on global markets, boosting national exports and economic growth. However, this can lead to a race to the bottom as the authorities try to keep their currencies cheaper than the competition. This disrupts fair trade, breeds protectionism and encourages speculation and market volatility. Japan and the US are devaluing their currencies by stealth, by making cheap money available as a means of economic stimulus; France would like the euro to be weaker, despite German opposition; while the Swiss have set a cap on their Franc. And while China has slowly been allowing the market to influence the strength of the yuan, that it has kept artificially low, other emerging economies are frustrated that US monetary policy has made their currencies less competitive. The Group of Seven advanced economies have stated that they are not devaluing their currencies, but are simply trying to boost their economies. But in the global economy, domestic policies have international consequences. They must be wary of the unforeseen consequences of their monetary policies. — Gulf News Waste not, want not. — Proverb

Economic stability in perspective Voice of the People Tariq Saeed Khan


he economic stability of any country depends on the integ rity, credibility and character of the people who are at the helm of affairs of the state. If the people who are meant to safeguard the very existence of the economic development of any nation are playing a negative role, no guarantee can be given to make the economy of that country in progress. Unfortunately in Pakistan we are facing the same dilemma. Degeneration of economy due to these factors in Pakistan has two perspectives; firstly at the level of law enforcement and secondly the observance of law. As far as the law enforcement is concerned many the people of society are given extra ordinary and profligate relaxation in payment of taxes. Tax is a tower of strength for any country’s economy. While in Pakistan Tax laws are enforced with discrimination and this financial bigotry increases when the target of tax laws are powerful and effective part of the society. These people consider law a spoke in their wheel. The major role played in this phenomenon is by parliamentarians themselves. First and foremost it is the duty of the Parliamentarians to formulate such laws and policies

which may ensure maximum tax collection. But besides other factors one of the major factor which plays key role in the Deterioration of tax collection process is the role of parliamentarians. Their dastardly performance not only degenerates the pace of economy of the country but it also results into bad governance. The facts show that all this state of affairs is not a supposition. This narration appears as a fact to us when we determine the real reasons of the crippling economy of the country. The ratio of taxes in GDP in many developing countries is more than that of Pakistan. In India it is 15%, in Sri Lanka, 13% and in Indonesia it is 14% while in Pakistan this ratio is much low than these countries. This ratio has been from 8.5 to 9 percent through last years. According to the quarterly review of FBR which was published in September 2012, this ratio was 9.2% during 2011-12 and 8.6% during 2010-11. Due to low ratio of taxes in GDP our national budget has been facing deficit and crises like foreign loans due to which the state has neither performed nor delivered. There is another tragedy in this respect that political parties who are supposed to play a key role of reformation are safe houses for such elements now. President of Tehreek-eInsaf Makhdoom Javed Hashmi has

said with his observations that Muslim League N is a safe house for the tax evaders, drug mafia and other corrupt politicians. He said this when he was addressing a public gathering in London. A review of the nomination papers of national and provincial assembly members, which was given in 2010 shows that 61% of the parliament members did not pay any tax during the year when they were contesting election. The more tragic aspect of this phenomenon is that Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gillani and his 25 cabinet members have not paid even one penny in these years. Finance Minister Mr. Hafeez Sheikh was also one of them who did not pay any tax. Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gillani applied for NTN during July 2010 i.e. after two years he took the charge of his office. According to record of FBR the most worsening situation regarding the tax payment comes to us from amongst the parliamentarians. Among 104 Senators only 49 senators paid tax during 2011. Newly elected 11 senators are also included in it who did not submitted their tax returns. In these circumstances it was necessary for Pakistani government to tailor the situation wisely to meet the challenges. But their reaction was a turn up for the books. Instead taking some effective measures member

of the parliament criticized all this harshly. It was more reactionary when the chairman NAB pointed out the level of the corruption in the country. This was not taken seriously by the parliamentarians. Presidential Spokesman and senator of PPP Farahatullah Babar said that the report of chairman NAB was against the contrary to the facts and lamentable. Fulminating it, he declared the statement of the chairman contradictory when that the volume of daily corruption in Pakistan is 7 billion rupees. He said that due to such reports the institution of NAB and the chairman were disappointing. They were expecting from the chairman NAB some concrete proposals to eradicate the corruption from the society. If we want to safe our economy from decimating, we must not ignore these facts but keep in view our responsibilities. We must go for transparency without which it will be pie in the sky for us. The primary and pivotal factor will be those who are sitting in parliament because they had to make the process of legislation and law enforcement honest and transparent and this is the key for solution of this entire dilemma. —The writer is Secretary General Institute of Research & Development

Consumer discipline Aurangzeb Tanvir


onsumer is the king’. This credo has brought a consid erable paradigm shift in the contemporary business world regarding manufacturing of products and provision of services. With this, the concept of Consumerism has grown up fast about which most historians point to 1880 as the start of the American consumerist movement. Industrial centers supported agricultural regions; agricultural regions fed industrial centers. People in both consume what the other produce. Service industries sprang up around both. And in the middle, rapid communication and transportation linked the two. The shift form a producer-oriented culture to consumerism in the nineteenth century was gradual. With the marked exception of the depression and World War II, consumerism in the twentieth century became a way of life for Americans. Organized-efforts by individuals, groups, and governments to help protect consumers from policies and practices that infringe consumer rights to fair business practices. As per Britannica Concise Encyclopedia: The movement seeking to protect and inform consumers by

requiring such practices as honest packaging and advertising, product guarantees, and improved safety standards. Public concern over the rights of consumers, the quality of consumer goods, and the honesty of advertising. The ideology came into full focus in the 1960s after President John F. Kennedy introduced the consumer bill of rights, which stated the consuming public has a right to be safe, to be informed, to choose, and to be heard. Anti-consumerism is the socio-political movement against consumerism. In Pakistan, consumerism has got a considerable recognition and a lot of work is being done in this regard. Many organizations and legislatives are in place in Pakistan too, like natural gas regulatory authority, Pakistan telecommunication Authority. National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, Wafaqi Mohtasib (Ombudsman) Order- 19831, Pakistan Standards And Quality control Authority Act, 1996, West Pakistan Pure Food Ordinance-1960, Cantonments Pure Food Act – 1966, Pakistan Hotels And Restaurants Act- 1976, Pakistan Penal Code- 1860, Drugs Act1940, Drugs Act- 1976, Pakistan Penal code- 1860, Islamabad Consumer Protection Act-1995, North West Frontier Province and consumer Protection Act- 1997. consumer Rights

commission of Pakistan , established in 1998, is an independent, nonprofit, non-political and nongovernmental organization, which is also working for consumer’s rights and awareness. Establishment and active role of consumer courts has also facilitated the process of providing relief to consumers. Various consumer advocacy groups are playing an active role in the society. Many positive business responses have emerged as a result of consumerism such as concern about total quality management, voluntary industry codes of conduct, establishment of consumer affairs departments and encouragement of product recalls. All the organizations in Pakistan are now relatively more conscious about the concept of customer satisfaction and are serious in formulating. Consumer friendly policies. One of these organizations is PEPCO, which is providing electricity supply to total 18674114 consumers all over Pakistan except Karachi, where this responsibility is rested on the shoulders of KESCO. PEPCO, having a huge consumer base, is also customer-oriented company, which has the philosophy of facilitating consumers. Electricity theft is one of the rise and PEPCO has to suffer heavy losses in this regard. Practices of kunda system, meter tempering, Use

of electrical switches are rampant and due to this misuse and theft of such a precious resource of electricity is casting a daunting effect. Huge number of mega watts of electricity is wasted and goes unaccounted. Maximum electricity theft is committed by domestic and commercial consumers, for which PEPCO has launched a massive campaign against electricity thieves. Normally a consumer hesitate to report electricity theft. PEPCO has declared the passing year as “year of electricity theft prevention” and established a theft reporting centre, along with constituting a special task force. Although gov t, at the federal and provincial levels is making all possible efforts to maximize electricity generation, how ever without consumer discipline nothing can make these efforts more use full. In the absence of consumer’s responsible behavior, the gap between demand and supply will keep on widening, in spite of abundant resources, with quality deterioration. Consumerism must also ensure consumer education and discipline along with protecting their rights and providing them relief. A professional and competitive business scenario can only prevail if the producer and the customer play their active and responsible roles.

Views From Abroad

Keep drones out of courts James Robertson


n the wake of the recent confir mation hearing on John Brennan ’s nomination as CIA director, and the probably related “ leak ” of a Justice Department white paper on targeted killings, some politicians, pundits and professors have suggested that “kill lists,” drone strikes and targeting protocols be submitted for “independent judicial review” — essentially, that federal judges ought to be assigned the task of monitoring, mediating and approving the killer instincts of our government. This is a very bad idea. U.S. judges have been hardwired against rendering “advisory opinions” since 1793, when the first chief justice, John Jay, declined to answer George Washington’s legal questions about the status of a Brit-

ish ship that had been captured by the French and brought to an American port. To answer the president’s questions, Jay wrote, would violate “the lines of separation drawn by the Constitution between the three departments of the government.” Jay’s letter referred to Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution, which provides that the president “may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices” — a provision, Jay wrote, that “seems to have been purposely as well as expressly united to the executive departments.” From that letter — itself an advisory opinion — has grown a complex but well-established and understood set of constraints on the federal courts: They are to decide only “cases” or “controversies” that are

“justiciable” and “ripe” for decision. Federal courts rule on specific disputes between adversary parties. They do not make or approve policy; that job is reserved to Congress and the executive. Nor do federal courts act ex parte — hearing one side only — or sit in a Star Chamber, like the co-opted judges of 16th-century England. The targets of a drone strike make no appearance before a judge; they have no notice of the charges against them; no lawyer; no chance to call witnesses or confront the evidence against them; no due process rights. Their case is necessarily considered in absentia and in secret. An American judge cannot do American justice in such a case. If he did, his independence would be severely compromised. But — say the politicians, pundits and professors — courts routinely rule on government requests for

search warrants and, in the national security context, on requests for foreign intelligence surveillance. Why not requests for drone strikes? The answer is simple: A search warrant is not a death warrant. If the US judiciary is asked to pre approve a targeted killing, its answer should be the answer that John Jay gave to George Washington: “We exceedingly regret every event that may cause embarrassment to your administration; but we derive consolation from the reflection that your judgment will discern what is right, and that your usual prudence, decision, and firmness will surmount every obstacle to the preservation of the rights, peace, and dignity of the United States.” The writer, a retired federal judge, served on the US District Court for the District of Columbia from 1994 to 2010. — Courtesy: The Washington Post


t was a week after the funeral. She had buried her hard work ing accountant husband, who had painstakingly worked from morn till sundown, risen from clerk to bank manager, sent two children to college and jobs abroad with the income, and given her a comfortable life style. It was a week after the funeral, as she rummaged in his cupboard, looking for documents and files he had meticulously kept, and it was then that she saw the secret compartment. She opened it trembling, she did not want to know

holiday that comes after that!”She wept as she felt the crisp paper. She wept as the kites spoke a dream of a dead man, who’d wanted the simple pleasure of flying them, up in the sky.Her sons came home the next day. They saw the kites fixed on the sitting room wall, “Ma,” they protested, “This is not the time to celebrate, this is a time of mourning!” “Yes,” she said, “I know it is, and that is why I’ve put them there!” They felt the paper, they stared at the lovely designs and they listened to their mother as she told them where she’d found them. They had tears in their eyes, as they thought of their dad, and the kites he’d never flown. “Ma, I’d like to take one home!” said her eldest. “And I want one for my home too,” exclaimed the second. She gave the kites to them, and her



ere denunciation for the Quetta bomb blast by all political segments of society in which eighty people had been assassinated is not sufficient. It has become a custom or an official state practice in Pakistan to give a condemnation message as a fulfillment of responsibility. Similarly the silence of government for two persons that were thrashed on Thursday night in Islamabad by a car belonging to US embassy is not required, people want serious actions. Additionally we must not undermine the Bara massacre as well which is at present in the state of national ignorance which is quite unfair. Pakistan is such in a state of turmoil for more than of a decade that it was never before. Therefore we need to think that Governor Raj in Baluchistan was no solution, neither a new demand for military takeover is! As proved in the case of Swat military operation. We must think analytically that what is the point of inflection for such chaos in Pakistan’s geo-political timeline? Such chaos never accused in Pakistan before the American War. American political and military manifestation in the region is the biggest threat to Pakistan’s stability. Since American presence encourages Indian supremacy in the region which can be only accomplished by weakening Pakistan through internal chaos & engagements within. —Via email

Drug mafia in Karachi MUHAMMAD SHADMAN Through the columns of your esteemed paper, I wish to draw attention of the authorities and the public to the evils of Drugs Mafia. In Karachi, some 2 million youth and children are at the risk of drug addiction, as prevalence of drug addiction is very high in this mega city. A Karachi-based NGO working on the issues of street children and youth reported to a reputable news agency that in Karachi over two million youth are addicted, and rest of the youth and children are also at a high risk of drug addiction, as drug trafficking is prevailing in every part of the city. The main addiction is of hashish, because this drug is easily available at every nook and corner of the city. The main trafficking areas of hashish are Sohrab Goth, Banaras, Pahar Ganj, Azam Basti, Frontier Colony, QaidaBad, Chanessar Goth, Dhobi Ghat and Massan near Keamaari, Umer Farooq Colony, Mango Per, SITE, Muzafarbad Colony, Bilal Colony, Pehlwan Goth, Nata Khan Goth and Bhitai Colony. Drug mafia also seems to be operating with a political backing and law enforcement agencies have failed to stop the rapid growth of the drug trafficking in city. Drug mafia also has taken the ethnic cover and under the ethnic cover their drug business is flourishing with the backing of some personals of law enforcement agency and some prominent political figures. —Karachi

Stop burdening students MUHAMMAD SHADMAN Dear Editor allow me to express my views on Students, who are the builders of a nation, should be provided extremely positive and helpful guidance, the kind that can play a vital role in strengthening their confidence, encouraging them to compete in any field. However, currently they are not taught and motivated the way they really deserve. A student enters an educational institute with big expectations and many hopes but he/ she just gains 30 to 35 percent knowledge from his/her teacher; the remaining 65 to 70 percent of the burden is on the student’s shoulders, which gradually only ends up in confusing the student and making him/her uninterested in the study subjects. If a student, who has only one brain, has to deal with so many unnecessary facets of the local learning process then the degree he/ she gets does nothing to educate him/her. To have a love for books is considered to be the ladder towards prosperity for any nation. This can only be achieved through proper guidance and a standardised education system for the student. —Karachi

Hurt & ignored Sindhis HASHIM ABRO

Go fly a kite..! any secret about her husband, she did not want to find anything that would disturb memories of the solid, dependable, hardworking man he’d been. But she opened the compartment. She felt something light and papery to the touch, then slowly, carefully pulled out, not one, not two but a dozen kites. They were fresh as if just bought from the kite shop down the road, and she wept as she saw them. “One day,” he’d told her, “I’ll have time to fly kites on the terrace!”“You seem to have flown them before?” she’d said. “I loved them when little,” he’d said, “I loved the feel of the kite in the heavens rising up and reigning like a king!” “Why don’t you do so this Sunday?” she’d asked. “Overtime!” he’d said, “But maybe next Sunday or the

Stop rhetorics & act

heart gladdened as they called her the next week, “We’re picking you up mother, we’re going to spend the weekend camping!” “Camping?” she asked, “I’ve never camped before!” “Nor have we, but that’s the kite we want to fly mother. Come along!” She smiled as they drove down the mountain track, she looked at the car of her second son behind, and as she looked out of the window, she felt she could see her husband, laughing as he flew a kite, higher and higher into the wind, reigning like a king. His sad kites in the cupboard had made his son’s fly theirs. What about you my friend, are your kites going to be found in your cupboard, or do they fly in the sky? Go fly a kite..! —Email:

Indeed, some people hurt by words and some by actions but the biggest hurt I believe is that of someone ignoring you when you value more than anything else. Sadly, all this has happened and is still happening with simple and straightforward Sindhi voters in Sindh province. Provincial rules have done every wrong with the people who valued them and voted them. It is really very simple to understand the state of affairs in Sindh. People are hungry, they are dying. The present rulers have never helped Sindhi voters to repair their future but they have done everything to subjugate and suppress them. There has been no productive and pragmatic legislation in the Sindh Assembly but fun and frolic and pandemonium. Is democracy only for election, for politics, for politicking and reconciliation in and over crime?

Time goes by fast, and people go in and out of our life so quicklyas our rulers are only about for a month or so- they have missed the opportunity to tell the Sindhi voters how much they mean to them and also they have missed a golden opportunity to deliver to the Sindhi voters. That’s why, the present provincial rulers are hated by many, loved by few and known by all and sundry because of their people –allergic attitude and education enemy role. The ruling elite in Sindh and the PPP top leadership must bear in mind, noble words of Anatole France, who once said: “ It is by acts and not by ideas that people live.” So spare Sindhis of your politics and tell me what you have done for their welfare and development? – instead of non-stop advertisements. —Islamabad

India and Pakistan is no answer to the fluid situation. Fluff and mythomania of Indian media vitiates the atmosphere of cordiality. Who will chasten it? Is Salman Khursheed, the foreign minister of India, really serious when he says, “It is not advisable that the two nuclear powers, India and Pakistan, bequeath the legacy of wars to coming generations as shabby bequest”? A pertinent question haunts the mind of every pacifist. Who will solve the Kashmir problem which has already bedeviled and embittered the relations of the two neighbouring countries of South Asia? Indian and Pakistani rulers, while trying to understand the dynamics of resistance in Kashmir, Palestine and Afghanistan with meticulous care and objectivity, should develop, through chemistry of sustained interaction and discourse, a viable system of compulsive political codependency. That is how trends of war can be checkmated and thwarted. And that is a way to fortify mutual trust and understanding which is indispensably paramount as AQEELA ASIF SHAHMADI prerequisite for peaceful settlement Collaboration is defined as a coor- of Kashmir issue. dinated and well demarcated activ- — Via email ity that is the result of a continued effort to paradigm and maintains a shared conception of a problem. There are many forms of collaboration that support communities, countries, and regions in exposure of deM FAZAL ELAHI velopment. Among these are collaborative initiatives associated with Corruption is a menace that has been higher education and industry. devouring Pakistan’s ability to stand COMSATS Institute of Information on its own feet and deprive its people Technology (CIIT) will organize 2nd the opportunity to relish the fruits Pak-China Business Forum, from of progress and prosperity that they March 23-26, 2013. so genuinely deserve. This menace The event will comprise project has burgeoned into the roots of alexhibition, seminars, workshops and most every strata of our society like industrial academic exhibition of cancer. If immediate and stringent different products of different sec- measures are not taken to uproot it tors. Major Chinese and Pakistani from every level of the Pakistani companies, small and medium en- society it might put the very existterprises, entrepreneurs, universities, ence of the country at stake. and research & development orgaIt is an undeniable fact that hunnizations will attend the forum ac- dreds of billions of dollars have tivities. The forum will provide an come into the country as grant-inopportunity for commercialization aid since the past over six and a half of products and processes of the par- decades. It is also true that equally ticipating organizations and it will large amounts were taken as loans enhance universities research activi- (at exorbitant interest rates) from the ties in education sector and collabo- developed world by successive govration in industrial sector. ernments during this period. Had this COMSATS Institute of Informa- money been honestly and judition Technology (CIIT) had intro- ciously utilized for the purpose it duced an academia driven model of was taken, Pakistan and the PakiBusiness cooperation by conducting stani nation would, perhaps, have Pak-China Business Forum from stood out conspicuously in the map April 15-18, last year. The forums’ of the developed societies of the main objective included to promote world. It would also have enjoyed academia-industry collaboration in the fruits of progress and prosperity business and economic sectors for which the developed societies of the mutual benefit of Pakistan and world are enjoying today. Since this China. Major Chinese and Pakistani has not happened, the situation tocompanies, small and medium en- day is contrary to what it actually terprises, entrepreneurs, universities, should have been. and research & development orgaUndoubtedly, steering Pakistan nizations attended the forum activi- out of the deep morass that it is in ties. The forum provided an open- today should be a top priority ing for commercialization of re- agenda for every concerned citizen search based products and processes of this country. That corruption of the participating organizations. should be impudently eliminated —Via email from every segment of the society is the burning desire of this nation. That this country should become the bastion of progress and prosperity is a dream that the masses of Pakistan have been dreaming since AZAM INQILABI its very creation. Will their aspirations to see their Devotional affinity, proclivity and propensity for a cause - personal, so- country prosper ever be fulfilled? cial or political -forms the corner- Will they ever be able to enjoy the stone of all the factors which moti- benefits of prosperity that they have vate and inspire a man to scramble been longing for since the creation for the accomplishment of a cher- of this country? No, not until the ished objective with enthusiasm and menace of corruption is completely fervour. So devout adherent of a rooted out from this society. The cause is, in fact, a repository of an most effective way to deal with the indwelt intuitional urge to remain menace of corruption is to immediwedded and committed to his sac- ately table and pass legislation rosanct objective with unshakeable against corruption in the parliament and ensure its stringent implemenresolve and determination. In a situation when political es- tation by the rejuvenated Judiciary capades, reveries and eccentricities of Pakistan. This may seem to be a of hawks in Indian system are stok- far cry, but indisputably this is what ing the flames of belligerency, ani- the salvation of this country and this mosity and antagonism between In- nation strongly depends on. dia and Pakistan, Delhi rulers can- —Via email not disavow and disclaim the onus of accountability in the comity of nations. And culpability becomes an EADERS issue here. Remember that nuclear are requested to type weapons and missiles of India and Pakistan cannot intimidate, browtheir letters legibly with beat and cow down the freedom lovdouble spacing and only on ing people of Kashmir. And ultras one side of the paper. would want to add to the vulnerabil—Editor ity of India and Pakistan. Indolence, ineptitude, dereliction, imprudence, vapidity and passivity of rulers of

2nd Pak-China Business Forum

Corruption & progress

Kashmiri resistance


Iraq at the Brink: A Decade after the Invasion RAMZY BAROUD


decade after the US-led invasion of Iraq, Iraqi citizens struggle to find a uniting vi sion. A violent war-legacy, Western inter ests, regional power plays and bitter sectarianism continue to divide Iraq. Sectarian strife has flared once again, with the ruling Shi’ites and Kurds accused of carrying out attacks against Sunnis. In return, the Sunni population is staging mass protests and strikes against political inequality, and demanding the end of Sunni disfranchisement under the new political system. Furthermore, business elites are taking advantage of the country’s divisions. Disputes between the Iraqi and Kurdish government grow over the control of oil fields. Both governments have amassed troops around the oil rich Kurdish region. Tensions are exacerbated by multinationals, such as Exxon, which has bypassed the central government in Baghdad to make lucrative oil and gas deals. Soon after the joint US-British bombing campaign ‘Operation Desert Fox’ devastated parts of Iraq in Dec 1998, I was complaining to a friend in the lobby of the Palestine Hotel in Baghdad. I was disappointed with the fact that our busy schedule in Iraq – mostly visiting hospitals packed with injured or Depleted Uranium Victims - left me no time to purchase a few Arabic books for my little daughter back in the states. As I got ready to embark on the long bus journey back to Jordan, an Iraqi man with a thick moustache and a carefully designed beard approached me. “This is for your daughter,” he said with a smile as he handed me a plastic bag. The bag included over a dozen books with colorful images of traditional Iraqi children stories. I had never met that man before, nor did we ever meet again. He was a guest at the hotel and somehow he learned of my dilemma. As I profusely, but hurriedly thanked him before taking my seat on the bus, he insisted that no such words were needed. “We are brothers and your daughter is like my own,” he said. I was not exactly surprised by this. Generosity of action and spirit is a distinct Iraqi characteristic and Arabs know that too well. Other Iraqi qualities include pride and perseverance, the former attributed to the fact that Mesopotamia – encompassing most of modern day Iraq – is the ‘cradle of civiliza-

hazard reshaping of a country to perfectly fit the colonial needs and economic interests of London. One could argue that the early and unequalled mess created by the British invaders continued to wreak

overwhelming human toll, they were placed within a horrid political strategy aimed at exploiting the country’s existing sectarian and other fault lines therefore triggering civil wars and sectarian hatred

Over the years, most people outside Iraq – as in other conflicts where protracted violence yields regular death counts – simply became desensitized to the death toll. It is as if the more people die, the

UK-based Iraqi writer Hussein Al-alak wrote on the upcoming tenth anniversary of the Iraq invasion with a tribute to the country’s ‘silent victims,’ the children. According to Iraqi Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, he reported, there is an estimated 4.5 million children who are now orphans, with a “shocking 70 percent” of them having lost their parents since the 2003 invasion. havoc, manifesting itself in various ways – spanning sectarianism, political violence and border feuds between Iraq and its neighbors – until this very day. But of course, the US now deserves most of the credit of reversing whatever has been achieved by the Iraqi people to acquire their ever-elusive sov-

from which Iraq is unlikely to cover for many years. For the Americans, it was a mere strategy aimed at lessening the pressure placed on its and other ally soldiers as they faced stiff resistance the moment they stepped foot in Iraq. For the Iraqis however, it was a petrifying nightmare that can neither be ex-

Iraq ponders future of U.S. troops 8 year….. ereignty. It was US Secretary of State James Baker, who reportedly threatened Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz in a Geneva meeting in 1991 by saying that the US would destroy Iraq and “bring it back to

pressed by words or numbers. But numbers are of course barely lacking. According to UN estimations cited by the BBC, between May and June 2006 “an average of more than 100 civilians per day (were)

less worthy their lives become. The fact remains, however that the US and Britain had jointly destroyed modern Iraq and no amount of remorse or apology – not that any was offered to begin with – will alter this fact. Iraq’s former colonial masters and its new ones lacked any legal or moral ground for invading the sanctions-devastated country. They also lacked any sense of mercy as they destroyed a generation and set the stage for a future conflict that promises to be as bloody as the past. When the last US combat brigade had reportedly left Iraq in Dec 2011, this was meant to be an end of an era. Historians know well that conflicts don’t end with a presidential decree or troop deployments. Iraq merely entered a new phase of conflict and the US, Britain and others, remain integral parties of that conflict. One post-invasion and war reality is that Iraq was divided into areas of influence based on purely sectarian and ethnic lines. In western media’s classification of winners and losers, Sunnis, blamed for being favored by former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, emerged as the biggest loser. While Iraq’s new political elites were divided between Shi’ite and Kurdish politicians (each party with its own private army, some gathered in Baghdad and others in the autonomous Kurdistan region), the Shi’ite population was held by various militant groups responsible for Sunni unfortunates. On Feb 8, five car bombs blew up in what was quickly recognized as “Shi’ite areas”, killing 34 people. A few days earlier, on Feb 4, 22 people were also killed in a similar fashion. The sectarian strife in Iraq which is responsible for the death of tens of thousands, is making a comeback. Iraqi Sunnis, including major tribes and political parties are demanding equality and the end of their disfranchisement in the relatively new, skewed Iraqi political system under

Massive protests and ongoing strikes have been organized with a unified and clear political message. However, numerous other parties are exploiting the polarization in every way imaginable: to settle old scores, to push the country back to the brink of civil war, to amplify the mayhem underway in various Arab countries, most notably Syria, and in some instances to adjust sectarian boundaries in ways that could create good business opportunities. tion’ and later due to the untold hardship experienced by Iraqis in their modern history. It was Britain that triggered Iraq’s modern tragedy, starting with its seizure of Baghdad in 1917 and the hap-

the stone age.” The US war which extended from 1990 to 2011, included a devastating blockade and ended with a brutal invasion. These wars were as unscrupulous as they were violent. Aside from their

killed in violence in Iraq.” The UN reserved estimates also placed the death toll of civilians during 2006 at 34,000. That was the year that the US strategy of divide and conquer proved most successful.

The China-Japan dispute over the Diaoyu Islands is a global concern KERRY BROWN


T is said that “good fences make good neighbors.” One of the longstanding political traits of hu man behavior is to create territorial certainty, especially since the decline of nomadic societies. However, disputes over territories are still the main cause of serious conflicts, some of which lead to violence between communities and countries. We may be living in a world where trade, capital and migration flows are unrestrained by such boundaries. Our environmental and energy problems, as one recent book stated, don’t carry passports. Nevertheless, border disputes can be the trickiest for parties to resolve. Legal and

the South China Sea, which has been simmering over the last two years, seems hard to understand. The islands themselves are uninhabited and remote. Despite this, they

of these areas—legal and historical claims. Most outside observers have little real understanding of either. All they would be able to do is listen to the argu-

If this is slowed down, then it will go from being a regional problem to a global one. General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China Xi Jinping has stated that China won’t compromise on its core values diplomatically in a speech from Beijing in late January.

Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. Massive protests and ongoing strikes have been organized with a unified and clear political message. However, numerous other parties are exploiting the polarization in

every way imaginable: to settle old scores, to push the country back to the brink of civil war, to amplify the mayhem underway in various Arab countries, most notably Syria, and in some instances to adjust sectarian boundaries in ways that could create good business opportunities. Yes, sectarian division and business in today’s Iraq go hand in hand. Reuters reported that Exxon Mobil hired Jeffrey James, a former US ambassador to Iraq (from 2010-12) as a ‘consultant.’ Sure, it is an example of how post-war diplomacy and business are natural allies, but there is more to the story. Taking advantage of the autonomy of the Kurdistan region, the giant multinational oil and gas corporation had struck lucrative deals that are independent from the central government in Baghdad. The latter has been amassing its troops near the disputed oil-rich region starting late last year. The Kurdish government has done the same. Unable to determine which party has the upper hand in the brewing conflict, thus future control over oil resources, Exxon Mobile is torn: to honor its contracts with the Kurds, or to seek perhaps more lucrative contracts in the south. James might have good ideas, especially when he uses his political leverage acquired during his term as US ambassador. The future of Iraq is currently being determined by various forces and almost none of them are composed of Iraqi nationals with a uniting vision. Caught between bitter sectarianism, extremism, the powerhungry, wealth amassing elites, regional power players, western interests and a very violent war legacy, the Iraqi people are suffering beyond the ability of sheer political analyses or statistics to capture their anguish. The proud nation of impressive human potential and remarkable economic prospects has been torn to shreds. UK-based Iraqi writer Hussein Al-alak wrote on the upcoming tenth anniversary of the Iraq invasion with a tribute to the country’s ‘silent victims,’ the children. According to Iraqi Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, he reported, there is an estimated 4.5 million children who are now orphans, with a “shocking 70 percent” of them having lost their parents since the 2003 invasion. “From that total number, around 600,000 children are living on the streets, without either shelter or food to survive,” Al-alak wrote. Those living in the few state-run orphanages “are currently lacking in their most essential needs.” I still think of the kindly Iraqi man who gifted my daughter a collection of Iraqi stories. I also think of his children. One of the books he purchased was of Sindbad, presented in the book as a brave, handsome child who loved adventure as much as he loved his country. No matter how cruel his fate had been, Sinbad always returned to Iraq and began anew, as if nothing had ever happened. —Courtesy: GPF

ASEAN and EU regional identity building: What went wrong? MARIO MASAYA


HE European Union (EU) re ceived the 2012 Nobel Peace prize for its contribution to re gional and global peace. On the other side of the world, another very important regional organization that works to brings peace to its region is the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). Although the two are different in many ways, they share the same difficulties in building regional identities. On the eurozone crisis and the South China Sea issue, they try to stay together, integrated and face problems. Both opt to use the notion of identity as an integrating factor. However, the outcomes have not been so satisfying. According to the pollster Eurobarometer77, the feeling of attachment of Europeans toward the EU stood at only 46 percent in 2012. While 52 percent of European citizens surveyed do not feel any connection with the EU, 15 percent felt no attachment at all. There are few reliable surveys on the attachment of ASEAN’s citizens to the region, although one survey conducted by Thompson and Thianthai in 2008 revealed that even among elite university students, only 60.7 percent of respondents were familiar with ASEAN. So what went wrong? There are two explanations for this question: the empirical-practical and the fundamental-conceptual. The first reason argues that the EU is still seen by European citizens as an elite club. Political support for the EU is very limited. The main reason for this, according to Neil Fligstein, is that the integration has resulted in uneven outcomes for individuals. It has only benefited a small group of people among European elites who have had the opportunity to travel, speak other languages and communicate with other Europeans. Moreover, according to Yeo Lay Hwee, the development of the EU has been top-down and elite driven. The push toward market integration was seen as an elite effort to achieve economic efficiency in a way that disregarded the public discourse on political and social impact. In other words, the fast development of the EU as an institution was not followed by the Europeanization of the citizens. An example of this gap between the institution and the Europeanization of the citizens is the enlargement of the EU from 15 to 25 member states in 2004, which was seen as “advancement” by EU elites. However, the enlargement did not get significant support from the citizens of the first 15 member countries. Eurobarometer data in 2004 said that only 42 percent of EU citizens agreed to the enlargement,

directly touch upon the citizens of ASEAN, except the 30-day free visa. There is no single passport, like in the EU, nor is there as much freedom of movement as the European Schengen provides. The second explanation considers a fundamental reason rather than an empirical policy basis. We are still living under the Westphalia model of world order where nation-states are the main international actors. Citizens in regional organization always feel a greater sense of “national-

Too nationalistic an approach will shape their culture, character, and hence their national identity somewhat underlines the importance of their regional identity. As a result, the sense of belonging to Europe or Southeast Asia will be overshadowed. Only the willingness of the government and the citizens can save the day.

ments by each contesting side and hope to be convinced they can find a course for future compromise or resolution. So far, it seems Japan and China are arguing in different ways and using a different framework toward each other. That looks set to lead to deadlock. These particular disputes also draw in a series of other issues. The first is the issue of China-Japan relations during the ity” rather than “regionality”. early part of the 20th century, which led In a way, the concept of the nationto one of the bloodiest and most violent state in the current world order hinders wars in human history and which still the establishment of regional identity, as casts an immense shadow across Norththe identity of a nation will always overeast Asia. The Diaoyu Islands would be shadow the identity of a regional commuhard enough to discuss without this hisnity. In the global world community such tory. But with the immense memory as in the United Nations, all nation-states stains the Sino-Japanese war has left, it represent themselves. All votes are all only intensifies the sentiments of anger based on nationality. Development of a and frustration with China, all of which regional identity, therefore, has been uncan be easily inflamed by a maritime dermined. border dispute. It may be history, but it is still very much in people’s minds. The United States should broaden its approach to the Diaoyu Islands The second issue is the role of nationalism in forBITTER MEMORIES: Former Japanese Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama mourns eign relations. These apply to all counChinese victims on January 17 during a visit to China at the Memorial Hall of the tries. In A Cultural Theory of InternaVictims in the Nanjing Massacre, in which Japanese forces killed an estimated tional Relations by Richard Ned Lebow, 300,000 Chinese people following their December 1937 takeover of Nanjing, then he argues elegantly that countries capital of China. throughout history have been more motivated by issues of national dignity, pride historical claims: Arguments over territoally fell as the mutual anger grew hotter and honor than by rational calculations ries between countries stretch across the last year. This seems extraordinary. On- of self-interest. Wars and conflicts have world. Conflicts persist over the post-imlookers are either bemused that they cause often been waged at enormous cost perialist world order as between the UK throughout history not because of any logical plan about how they assist in What the United States, the EU and pretty much achieving specific objectives but because everyone else in the region wouldn’t want is for major of offended national sentiments or issues economies with enormous amounts of investment and of pride. Disputes over borders, whether at sea or on land, strike at this sense of economic integration like that of Japan and China to be in pride and legitimacy, and thus create strong responses. conflict with each other. And the third is the role of emotions so much fuss or offer easy but impracti- generally in human behavior and action. and Argentina over the Falkland Islands cal advice about how to resolve it. The Japanese and Chinese public re(referred to as the Malvinas Islands by ArASEAN begins accepting rule of law … The islands and the maritime disputes sponses over the last few months to the gentina), while countries like Pakistan and The national government thus creates in general are tough to fully understand dispute, with anger, demonstrations and India have profound disagreements over a national notion of everything within its because they involve two largely differ- proclamations online, have been strong the Jammu and Kashmir area. territory, such as national language, naent specialist fields of knowledge. On the and persistent. To outsiders, they show a The People’s Republic of China, tional history books, national education one hand, there is the issue of international highly emotional and sometimes nationsince its establishment in 1949, has inlaw. If there is a dispute, usually one tries alistic dimension to public opinion in herited a number of historical issues over to negotiate, and if that fails, then seeks both countries. As Dominique Moisi These examples show that if a nation-state eduits land and sea borders. A scholar of the adjudication through a neutral party ac- wrote in The Geopolitics of Emotion, country’s diplomatic development from cates the people in its territory too narrowly about the cording to law. But with international law, “One cannot fully understand the world this period, M. Taylor Fravel, wrote in a there is the problem of it being an evolvin which we live without trying to inte2009 book titled Strong Borders, Secure history of their nation, say Indonesia or Cambodia, at ing area with few precedents, as well as a grate and understand its emotions.” The Nation that China managed to resolve all the expense of the history of Southeast Asia, it will be large number of issues not fully decided dispute between China and Japan makes but two of the land disputes over the enbetween supporting parties. On the other no sense unless one looks at the emosuing six decades—currently only those very difficult to build a common identity. hand, there are the historical claims. These tional dimension to foreign policy. Rawith India are outstanding. Its maritime system, etc. These national characteristics relate back to the ownership of territories, tional solution: But like it or not, we must while 39 percent were against. disputes, however, have proved far more sometimes many decades or centuries ago. be rational actors. ASEAN does not have a different are the main factors that help to create the complex to deal with. For outside observThe Diaoyu Islands dispute draws in both —Courtesy: Beijing Review story. There are not as many policies that identity of a national citizen. A common ers, the issue over the Diaoyu Islands in have been at the center of intensifying anger between the world’s second and third largest economies to such an extent that bilateral trade between the two actu-

national language is considered a strong foundation in creating a community’s identity. An attempt to have a common language in ASEAN is not there yet and might never be there. English has commonly been used in ASEAN and in the EU in their interactions, but its use has been limited to elite groups only. As long as the approach of an organization that governs a particular area is still based on nationality, it will be difficult to have a strong sense of regionality. So does

the government wholeheartedly promote regionalism or still stick to nationality? In a seminar held by the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies in December, Joseph Maila said that French identity is more important than the identity of any other group. In the case of ASEAN, the finding of Farish A. Noor’s research in 2012 about the history of Indonesia shows a very nationalistic perspective and very few stories about ASEAN. Sadly, the most frequent mention of another ASEAN

member nation was the case of konfrontasi with the Federation of Malaysia in 19631965. These examples show that if a nationstate educates the people in its territory too narrowly about the history of their nation, say Indonesia or Cambodia, at the expense of the history of Southeast Asia, it will be very difficult to build a common identity. Changing too nationalistic approaches with a more regional approach may be the answer, bringing ASEAN to the grass roots. It should start from now as the clock is ticking. The ASEAN Community 2015 is only two years away. —Courtesy: Jakarta Times

Self-right denial to Palestinians, Kashmiris threatens peace: Zardari

NPC to bring one lakh children to schools this year From Page 1 Council on Saturday. Explaining the objectives of the ideology-related programmes of the Council, Malik, who is also Chairman of the Council stated that the Council would be focusing during the current year on its two landmark projects namely the establishment of an International Seerat Centre, the initial paperwork of which had already been completed and the Taleem Network of Pakistan (TNP) programme under which a country-wide inspirational campaign was about to be launched bringing children, particularly the needy one, within the boundaries of schools. “I shudder to imagine what would be the state of Pakistan if the thirty million school-less children, roaming all around on streets and roads, grow without education. Many of them would become suicide bombers and hardened criminals,” he said in a sad tone. Malik said the International Seerat Centre aims to put the message of the last prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in right perspective. The Centre, a unique project, will proliferate the message of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) as per needs of the 21st Century. He said the last prophet was an embodiment of the Holy Quran, therefore, with a view to projecting Islam and the message of Almighty Allah, the last prophet had to be projected as a role model. He informed the audience a team of dedicated scholars is engaged in working out the modalities for the mission to be undertaken by the International Seerat Centre. Malik gave, as usual, a message of hope to the audience expressing his confidence in Pakistan being a vibrant State in the days to come. Pakistan is taking new turns. He expressed the view that the NPC was a non-political organization but he personally believed that as the people of Hazara region had distinct culture steeped in their history and influenced by geography, therefore their demand for a separate province was genuine. He specially lauded the dedication of people of Hazara towards Islam, Pakistan and education.

Nation’s future hinges From Page 1 Rashid Rana 1992-2012 at Mohatta Palance Museum Sunday, he said in a firm tone that the change is imminent “Don’t see which party is represented by whom just vote for good people. Ask you candidate whether he has paid taxes. What are his sources of income”. He told people of Pakistan not to lose hope, learn from mistakes.” He said the city of Karachi is passing through difficult times while this exhibition will be a cool breeze which will provide the citizens relief from their tensions. Such events help in appreciating the fine arts and bringing a positive change in social behaviours of the masses. The exhibition was curated by Hameed Haroon, Nasreen Askari and Naazish Ataullah.

Eight Arabs From Page 1 drivers were taken from the Abaradjou neighborhood. Islamic extremists had fled Timbuktu before French and Malian forces arrived at the end of January.—AP

From Page 1

ISLAMABAD: Former prime minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani and Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf seen together during a Walima ceremony of son of PM’s Principal Secretary Ayub Qazi at a local hotel on Sunday.—Online photo

Pak, Palestine joint commission 8 militants killed From Page 1

dent Mahmoud Abbas, at Awane-Sadr, on Sunday when the latter stated that the existing political cooperation needed to be expanded into other areas as well. Spokesperson to the President Senator Farhatullah Babar said that President also offered a grant of one million dollars for construction of Palestine Embassy in Islamabad to give fillip to the proposed multi-dimensional cooperation between the two. He said that two rounds to talks were held; a one on one meeting and a delegation level talks. Farhatullah Babar said that the talks at the two rounds covered a wide range of issues ranging from the status of the on going struggle of Palestinians for statehood to bilateral issues and from the situation in the Middle East to the stalled peace process. Issues in Palestine-Israel relations with focus on continued construction of settlements by Israel and reconciliation within Palestine also figured in the talks. President Mahmoud Abbas briefed President Zardari how Israel had used the split between the West Bank and the Gaza strip to renege on the peace process and the antics resorted to by Tel Aviv after Palestinian leadership undertook efforts for achieving national reconciliation.

From Page 1 He said that Palestine had accepted the two-state solution since 1988 as a basis for ending the Palestine-Israel conflict and that they will continue to work to realize this goal through negotiations. However, the two-state solution was becoming increasingly unattainable because of the Israeli unacceptable settlement policies, he said. President Mahmoud Abbas also briefed President Zardari about the Arab Peace Initiative that, he said, also addressed Israeli concerns but had been ignored by Israel. The Arab Peace Initiative revolves around an Arab and Islamic recognition of Israel on the basis of 1967 borders, a just and agreed upon solution of the refugees issue and a collective regional security framework to safeguard the agreement in the future. President Zardari while welcoming the Palestinian President on his visit to Pakistan said that Pakistan believed in right of self determination as inalienable right of the Palestinian people as well as the people of Jammu and Kashmir. The President said that Pakistan had supported all efforts aimed at resolving the Palestinian dispute in accordance with the relevant UN Security Council Resolutions for lasting peace in the region.

The President said that Pakistan called for total withdrawal of Israel from all occupied Arab territories including Jerusalem, end t the settlements, restitution of the inalienable rights to Palestine, and establishment of an independent homeland for Palestinians with Al-Quds Al-sharif as capital. The Pakistan side in the talks included Ms. Hina Rabbani Khar Foreign Minister, Senator rehman malik Interior Minister, Makhdoom Shahabuddin, Minister for Textile and Industry, Mr. M. Salman Faruqui, Secretary General to the President, Senator Farhatullah Babar, Spokesperson to the President, Mr. Jalil Abbas Jilani, Foreign Secretary, Lt. Gen, (Retd) Ahsan Azhar Hayat Ambassador Designate to Palestine and other senior officials. Chairman PPP Bilawal Bhutto Zardari was also present in the meeting. The Plestinian side included, besides President Mahmoud Abbas, Mr. Riad N.A Malki, Foreign Minister, Mr. Majdi A.M. Khalidi, Ambassador in the Presidency (Ramallah) Mr. Nabil G.O Aburubainah, President Advisor and Mr. Walid A. M. Abu Ali, Ambassador of Palestine in Pakistan. The President also presented a portrait of Palestinian President to Mr. Mahmoud Abbas.—INP

Quetta protesters seek army deployment From Page 1 Hazaras, lashed out at the people who perpetrated the violence. “Who are these people who made us Hazara so grim and sad? Why are they after us?” they asked. “Not one month or week passes here without the killing of a member of the Hazara community ... Why is the government — both central and provincial — so lethargic in protecting Shiites?” Near the rubble, a group of more than 50 women were wailing and beating their heads in mourning. On the road to the neighborhood where the attack occurred, Hazara youth burned tires and chanted for the arrests of the killers. A number of Shiite

groups also staged a sit-in and were demanding the immediate removal of the chief secretary of Baluchistan and the top police official, said Rahim Jaffery, who heads a Shiite organization called the Council for the Protection of Mourning. Jaffery said a mass funeral for the victims had been planned for Sunday afternoon but all Shiite groups were meeting to decide whether to stage a protest similar to one in January when they refused to bury their dead for four days. That protest led the prime minister to sack the chief minister of the province and his cabinet and put Governor Zulfiqar Magsi directly in

charge of the region — a move that many Shiites thought would help protect their community. But the governor’s comments revealed his frustration at a job growing ever more difficult. Magsi said the blast was the result of a failure of the security and intelligence agencies in the province. “Officials and personnel of these institutions are scared (of the terrorists). Therefore they don’t take action against them,” he said in comments that were broadcast on local television. A militant group called Lashkar-e-Jhangvi called one local television station to claim responsibility for the attack.— Agencies

ECC likely to approve Shale Gas Framework for 3 pilot projects From Page 1 gas is being produced by Pakistan and significant work is required to kick start this high potential energy source whereas the conventional gas reserves of the country have been estimated at 58 tcf. The summary advocates that a specific policy is required to facilitate shale gas exploration and production. Due to limited information currently available about the potential of shale gas in Pakistan , it is considered prudent to start three pilot projects of shale gas with certain special incentives to attract investors through an interim framework. Under the framework, shale gas price will be set through bidding. The lowest price quote with at least commitment of minimum work program and expenditure requirement defined in framework will get the area to explore the shale gas. In case of discovery of shale gas, the lease life shall be of 20 years with 20 years renewal possible. Each bidder shall be required to submit with a bid a bank guarantee

equivalent to 25 percent of pahse-1 minimum expenditure commitment or a parent company guarantee or any other guarantee as provided in the petroleum policy 2012 and the companies where government of Pakistan has a majority share holding will not be required to submit the guarantee. As per summary, in order to expedite the exploitation of shale gas and keeping in view the current licensing regime, it is suggested that the competent authority may invite bids from exploration and production companies to grant special concessions for exploration and production of shale gas. The DGPC (director general petroleum concessions) will notify the area for bids from the interested parties. The interested parties pioneering work on shale gas may apply for grant of rights in any Lease Area. Shale gas is extracted directly from shale (a sedimentary source rock). Since this has low permeability as compared to conventional reservoirs, therefore, it does not release gas easily.

And to overcome this difficulty, the rock is stimulated to yield commercial volume of gas. Hence to produce gas at a level to make shale gas production economically viable, exponentially large numbers of wells are required as compared to conventional reservoir. The gas shale projects are capital intensive and require high level technical expertise to explore and develop shale gas field. The technical knowhow is mostly available with international E&P companies who have done some research and development work to understand the complexities involved in such projects. And in order to encourage pilot projects of shale gas in Pakistan and to make such discoveries commercially viable and in turn to have them exploited it is imperative that high standards are maintained in selection of exploration and production companies which have required technological and financial capabilities to make such shale gas pilot projects successful.

Mamozai, Arghanjo and Lando Qamar areas of the Upper Orakzai agency leaving at least eight militants dead and many others wounded”, official sources said adding three of the militant’s hideouts were also destroyed. While scores of security forces officials have been martyred in clashes between the militants and the forces in upper and lower Aurakzai agencies during the last few years, the ground and air offensives of the security forces have also resulted in killing of hundreds of trouble makers in the two agencies where though the forces have managed to flush out the miscreants from the region yet the insurgents continue to keep their hold intact on the hilltops from where they act against the security forces off and on. On the other hand as many as four security personnel were seriously injured in a remote control bomb on Razmak Road in North Waziristan agency here on Sunday. According to locals and the official sources the blast took place when the security forces were on the routine patrolling of the area. The explosion believed to be carried out through Improvised Explosive Device (IED) resulted in serious wounds to at least four troops”. Officials said. The wounded personnel were rushed to the CMH Bannu where two are said to be in critical condition. The security forces are also said to have kicked off search operation in the area after the blast.

Pakistan’s survival, strength depend on intrinsic Nazriya From Page 1 gives a clear direction to the nation. Ummat was created to provide a leadership to the world, he said. Nasir Taj, a young educationist and general secretary of PEN said he was placed a second class citizen while he stayed in other country. He preferred to live in Pakistan as an honorable citizen of this great country. Rashid Saleem who was stage secretary during the function said Pakistan is our identity which can not be snatched by any adventurist. Representing the student community, Ifra Khan and Zubairia Qureshi also delivered their speeches on Pakistan and its Nazriya.

MQM ministers, special assistants quit From Page 1 would not return to treasury benches and the same was reiterated by MQM lawmakers that MQM-PPP alliance would also be impossible in future. MQM lawmakers had also started relinquishing perks and facilities such as conveyance. However, it would a great challenge for MQM to ensure safety of its lawmakers amid open threats by Tehreek-e Taliban Pakistan. It is pertinent to mention that MQM lawmakers had already limited their activities in the city.

pain and anxiety of our Palestinian brethren and expressed the confidence that the Palestinians will one day succeed in realizing their dream. He said one hundred and eighty million Pakistanis stand with their Palestinian brothers in their courgeous fight against illegal occupation of their homeland. He said we will continue to extend all out support to Palestinians for their right to self determination. Speaking on the occasion‚ Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said Palestinians people value the support and sincere commitment extended by Pakistan at every international forum for the just cause of Palestine. He thanked Pakistan for supporting Palestine’s non member observer state status at the United Nations General Assembly. Mahmoud Abbas reiterated commitment to continue struggle for the freedom of Palestine. He said our freedom struggle is unshakeable and we will continue our efforts to address the plight of Palestinian refugees. We remain committed to the release of thousands of prisoners in Israeli jails. Our commitment goes to ending the siege imposed on the Gaza strip by oc-

cupying Israel which wants to change the character of holy city and alter its composition. He called upon Israel to stop building illegal settlements and end occupation of Palestinian land for peace and security of the region. He said we keep our hands extended to peace and ready to work with our friends to achieve the two state solution. He said Palestinians people cherish their brotherly relations with Pakistan and looking forward to further strengthen the bilateral relations. He thanked Pakistan for allowing the establishment of Palestinian embassy in Islamabad and hoped work on it will soon be started. This gesture‚ he said‚ underlines the strength of our relationship. Earlier‚ the two sides held threadbare discussions on bilateral relations and regional and international issues of mutual interests. Delegation level talks between Pakistan and Palestine to make more stronger the existing ties between the two countries were held in Islamabad. The Pakistani delegation was led by President Asif Ali Zardari and the Palestinian delegation by President Mehmood Abbas. Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar‚ Interior Minister

Rehman Malik‚ Finance Minister Dr. Abdul Hafeez Sheikh and Textile Minister Makhdoom Shahabuddin assisted President Asif Ali Zardari in the talks. Later President Asif Ali Zardari arranged a luncheon in honour of the visiting Palestinian President and his delegation. Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf and PPP Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari‚ Senate Chairman Syed Nayyar Hussain Bukhari‚ President AJK Sardar Muhammad Yaqoob Khan‚ Federal Ministers‚ parliamentarians and ambassadors also attended the luncheon. Earlier‚ a formal welcome ceremony was held at the Aiwan-e Sadr in honor of the visiting dignitary. A smartly turned out contingent of armed forces presented guard of honor to the visiting dignitary. He was warmly welcomed by President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf. On his arrival‚ national anthems of both countries were played and a smartly turned out contingent of the Armed Forces presented guard of honour. PPP Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari was also present on the occasion. Cabinet members were introduced to the visiting President Mahmood Abbas.—NNI

Doctors call off hunger strike ister of not going on strike again as well as apologized for its past conduct. Welcoming the announcement of doctors of ending their strike, the Chief Minister described it as a good omen for the health sector and said that going on strike does not behove the doctors as they belong to a noble profession and can earn success in this world and the world hereafter by serving the ailing humanity. Senator Pervaiz Rashid, Special Assistant Khawaja Salman Rafique, Secretary Health, Vice Chancellor King Edward Medical College University Prof. Dr. Faisal Masood, Director General Health Punjab, concerned authorities besides representatives of YDA including Dr. Nasir Abbas, Dr. Hamid Butt, Dr. Usman Dar, Dr. Rai Ahmed and others were also present on the occasion. Talking to the delegation of YDA Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that doctors are associated with a sacred profession and have deep respect in the society as they are considered messiah of humanity. He said that the word of strike should not be in the dictionary of doctors and they should earn the blessings of the people by serving the ailing humanity. He said that the promises made by the Punjab government for the welfare of the doctors will be honored. He said that the target of the government as well as the medical community is to improve the system of health and both of them will have to move together towards this end. He said that he will fully support the doctors in the development of health sector. The chief minister while constituting a committee headed by Senator Pervaiz Rasheed and comprising representatives of doctors and government said that the committee will consider issues like free provision of medicines in the hospitals, repair of machinery, improvement of healthcare system and solution of problems of the doctors and submit its recommendations on February 25. He said that government is committed to the service of humanity and has spent billions of rupees on the provision of treatment facilities to the people during the last four and a half years. He said that an additional burden of nine billion rupees is being borne by the government due to increase in the salaries of doctors, paramedical staff and nurses. He said that the raise given by Punjab government in the salaries of doctors is unprecedented and despite this the highest rate of strikes of doctors in Punjab is incomprehensible. He said that present government revived the dialysis facility for the poor patients which was withdrawn in the tenure of dictator Musharraf and his cronies and imported by air the machinery required for this purpose. He said that billions of rupees were provided by him from his discretionary fund for the liver and kidney transplant of poor and deserving patients. He said that air-conditions were installed for the benefit of poor patients in hospitals at a cost of Rs. two billion. He said that there is a need to remove the disparity between the rich and the poor in

From Page 1 the provision of medical facilities and it is possible only if the government and doctors made joint and sincere efforts to improve healthcare system. He said that a country where free treatment is available to president, prime minister, chief ministers, ministers, generals, judges, and politicians while the poor are denied even basic health facilities cannot be called an Islamic welfare state. He said that doctors, paramedical staff and nurses worked round the clock during the outbreak of dengue and brought this menace under control through tireless efforts. He said that it is time to sink the bitterness of the past and make collective efforts for the development of healthcare system and make Pakistan an Islamic welfare state in the real sense. He said that the sad incident at Gujranwala tarnished the image of health sector and the demands of justice will be fulfilled. He said that the state plays the role of a mother and the government have good intentions and has taken effective and sincere steps for the uplift of health sector. He said that the salaries of doctors, paramedical staff and nurses have been increased and reforms have been introduced in their service structure. He said that young doctors are shining stars of health sector and provision of the best treatment facilities to the patients is their prime responsibility. He said that the problems of the doctors will be resolved so that they could serve the ailing humanity with peace of mind. Referring to the steps taken by Punjab government for the promotion of simplicity, he said that an austerity committee has been established for this purpose. He said that no new vehicle has been purchased for chief minister’s Secretariat and when his helicopter was out of order he instead of spending money on the new helicopter, utilized these funds for extending facilities to the masses while Balochistan and federal government purchased helicopters and aeroplanes with an amount of billions of rupees. He said that Punjab government has spent funds for the service of the people considering national resources as a sacred trust. He said that no doubt mistakes have been committed but it is time to learn from them and move ahead for the improvement of healthcare system. The Chief Minister further said that the class discrimination will have to be eliminated for making Pakistan an Islamic welfare state in letter and spirit and to make sincere and collective efforts for this purpose. He said that cooperation of doctors is essential for the development of healthcare system and to deal with the new challenges in this sector. Senator Pervaiz Rashid while speaking on the occasion, said that Shahbaz Sharif has taken unprecedented measures for the betterment of young doctors. He said that contract doctors have been regularized, their salaries have been increased while the issue of their service structure has been resolved. He said that the salaries of doctors

in Punjab are higher compared to that of other provinces. He said that despite all these sincere efforts, the conduct and attitude of doctors was not proper. He said that doctors pushed themselves into a blind alley by their own behavior and Shahbaz Sharif has helped bring them out of this difficult situation through his kindness. He said that every citizen of Pakistan is subservient to law and the doctors will also have to display this spirit. He said that Pakistan Muslim League-N as a political party as well as Muhammad Nawaz Sharif and Shahbaz Sharif have made many sacrifices for the supremacy of law. He said that it is time to learn from the past and plan for the future. Special Assistant Khawaja Salman Rafique said that young doctors can play a leading role in the improvement of healthcare system and joint efforts are needed for this purpose. Office-bearers of Young Doctors Association paid tributes to Shahbaz Sharif on his efforts for the uplift of health sector and betterment of doctors’ community. Dr. Nasir Abbas of YDA said that Shahbaz Sharif has been more like a fatherly figure to them and the measures taken by Punjab government during the last four and a half years for the benefit of young doctors are unprecedented. He said that the sad incident at Gujranwala has brought a bad name to medical community and young doctors apologize for it once again. Dr. Hamid Butt said that the efforts made by Punjab government for the welfare of doctors are unmatched. Dr. Usman Dar said that Chief Minister Punjab is kind to everyone and has adopted effective policies for the development of health sector. Young doctors invited the Chief Minister to participate in doctors’ convention to pay tributes to him which he accepted. Young doctors also presented bouquets to Chief Minister. Shahbaz Sharif brought an end to the doctor’s strike by offering them juice.

600 accused arrested in crackdown LAHORE—Liaquatabad police arrested 600 accused of dacoity, robbery and other crimes during a drive. Talking to APP here Sunday, SHO Liquatabad police station Peerzada Idrees Qureshi said police under the supervision of SP Model Town Owais Malik had launched the drive on the directions of DIG Operations Rai Tahir Hussain and CCPO Amjad Javed Saleemi. He said 16 robbers of four gangs were nabbed and 30 monocycles, five cars, three rickshaws, 50 cell phones, gold ornaments, cash and other valuables were seized. Police arrested 66 drug pushers and seized 1,460kg hashish, 1,195 bottles of liquor and other items, he added. About 33 pistols and 163 rounds were recovered from 33 accused in the crackdown while 113 gamblers were arrested.—APP

UN envoy backs Syrian opposition’s call for talks

Anti-polio drive postponed QUETTA—Following the Kirani road blast which took the lives of dozens an anti-polio campaign in Quetta city of Balochistan province has been postponed, officials said on Sunday. According to the provincial health department, the campaign, which was scheduled to kickoff from Monday, has been postponed for seven days. However, the department said that the campaign would begin in Nasirabad and Jafarabad as per schedule on Monday.—Online

NA, Senate sessions today ISLAMABAD—President Asif Ali Zardari Sunday called the sessions of Senate and National Assembly in Islamabad at Monday. President’s spokesman Farhatullah Babar said that President Zardari has summoned the Senate and NA sessions separately. The sessions will begin at 4pm. It will be the last session of the current assembly following which the installation of a caretaker set-up is expected to be announced. The President has summoned the National Assembly Session in exercise of powers conferred by clause (1) of Article 54 of the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. This session will be the 50th session of the 5th Parliamentary year of the incumbent National Assembly.—NNI

20 foreigners held at Taftan

HARIPUR—Editor-in-Chief Pakistan Observer and Chairman Nazriya Pakistan Council (Trust) Zahid Malik addressing the launching ceremony of NPC (Trust) Hazara Chapter, in Haripur. Shaukat Mahmood, Rashid Saleem Khan, Saleem Khan, Abdul Quddus Azad and Nasir Taj are also seen in the picture.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir

US immigration bill sets 8-year period for residency W ASHINGTON —The White House is circulating a draft immigration bill that would create a new visa for illegal immigrants living in the United States and allow them to become legal permanent residents within eight years, according to a report published online Saturday by USA Today. President Barack Obama’s bill would create a “Lawful Prospective Immigrant” visa for the estimated 11 million illegal immigrants living in the United States. The bill includes more security funding and requires business owners to adopt a system for verifying the immigration status of new hires within four years, the newspaper said. USA Today reported that the bill would require that immigrants pass a criminal background check, submit biometric information and pay fees to qualify for the new visa. Immigrants who served

more than a year in prison for a criminal conviction or were convicted of three or more crimes and were sentenced to a total of 90 days in jail would not be eligible. Crimes committed in other countries that would bar immigrants from legally entering the country would also be ineligible. Those immigrants facing deportation would be eligible to apply for the visa, the newspaper reported. Immigrants would be eligible to apply for a green card within eight years, if they learn English and U.S. history and government, and they would later be eligible to become U.S. citizens. Last month a bipartisan group of senators announced they had agreed on the general outline of an immigration plan. For his part, Obama has said he would not submit his own legislation to Congress so long as law makers acted “in a timely manner.” If they

failed, he said, “I will send up a bill based on my proposal and insist that they vote on it right away.” Clark Stevens, a White House spokesman, said Saturday that Obama still supports a bipartisan effort to craft a comprehensive immigration bill. “While the president has made clear he will move forward if Congress fails to act, progress continues to be made and the administration has not prepared a final bill to submit,” he said in a statement. Sen. Marco Rubio, the Florida Republican who has been crafting immigration legislation, derided the draft bill as described by the newspaper as “half-baked and seriously flawed” and said it was disappointing because it repeats what he called failures of past legislation. He also said the White House had erred in not seeking input from Republican lawmakers.”—Reuters

Gunmen kidnap seven foreigners in Nigeria

BAUCHI, NIGERIA—Gunmen Bauchi Police Chief prison yard also repelled the atQUETTA—Lavies on Sunday kidnapped seven foreigners and Mohammed Ladan said the gun- tack, but they burnt two vehicles arrested twenty foreign nationals from a passenger bus in Taftan under the foreigners Act.. According to Levies sources, those arrested included Afghan and Uzbek nationals. They were later handed to officials of FIA.—INP

Earthquake jolts NW Pakistan PESHAWAR—A 5.5 magnitude earthquake struck the northern areas of Pakistan, including the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata), early on Sunday. The tremors caused panic among the people in the affected areas as people rushed out of their houses and shops to avoid any building collapse. The earthquake measured 5.5 on the Richter scale. According to the report released by Pakistan Meteorological Department, the earthquake jolted northwestern region of the country, including the parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. The epicenter, with a depth of 81Km, was declared in Afghanistan-Tajikistan Border Region. The areas where the jolts were felt included Nowshera, Peshawar, Malakand, Shangla, various areas of Gilgit and Baltistan, Lower Dir and Khyber tribal regions border Afghanistan. —NNI

Muslims urged to promote peace Staff Reporter LAHORE—Muslims all over the world must work for promotion of fraternity and brotherhood to live with dignity and peace. These views were expressed by Nazim-e-Aala Jamia Naeemia, Maulana Raghib Hussain Naeemi after returning from Lebanon on Sunday. Red Crescent had arranged the 15-day visit during which he delivered lectures, held meetings with international personalities and attended important gatherings.

killed a security guard when they stormed the compound of Lebanese construction company Setraco in northern Nigeria’s Bauchi state early on Sunday, police said. Those abducted were a Briton, an Italian, a Greek and four Lebanese workers, including two women, police and local government officials said. This was the worst case of foreigners being kidnapped in the mostly-Muslim north of Africa’s most populous country since an insurgency by Islamist militants intensified nearly two years ago. No one took responsibility for the raid but northern Nigeria is plagued by attacks and kidnappings by Islamist groups. Al Qaeda-aligned group Ansaru, which rose to prominence only in recent months, claimed the kidnap in December of a French national who is still missing.

Karachi Literature Festival concludes KARACHI—The 4th Karachi Literature Festival aimed at promoting educational and cultural activities concluded on Sunday. On Sunday, puppet shows, dramas and plays, discussions on the literary journals and a paintings exhibition marked conclusion of the festival British Member Parliament George Galloway was the chief guest at the closing ceremony of the 3-day festival. Fifty-two events on the various topics to mark the conclusion were held. The topics were: dynamics politics, history and contemporary issues, dynamics of Karachi, story telling, Kashmir, Urdu poetry, Indo-Pak discourse, Pakistan in foreign eyes, Pak-US relations and Tanz-oMizah. A book entitled Half of Two Paisa, the Extraordinary Mission of Abdul Sattar Edhi and Bilqui Edhi was launched on the occasion. —Online

men attacked a police station and a prison overnight before storming the construction firm’s compound in the town of Jama’are.We repelled the attack on the police station and the security men at the

in Jama’are police station,” Ladan said.“ They then attacked Setraco construction, killed a local security guard and they succeeded in kidnapping people.”—AP

Qadri again declares EC unconstitutional FAISALABAD—Chief of Tehrik-eMinhajul Quran, Dr. Tahirul Qadri has once again declared the present Election Commission (EC) as unconstitutional and said that he would oppose elections if it became barrier in the way of revolution. Addressing a public gathering on Sunday, Qadri said he wanted to restore the system in the country that was the dream of the founder of the country. He said that during his sitin in Islamabad he has signed a declaration with the government that will bring positive changes in the country. Qadri said the country has been thrown into dark and he would bring light of revolution with the power of the people.—Online

Iran to establish navy base near Pakistan border TEHRAN—Iranian navy plans to establish a new base near Pakistan’s border in the Sea of Oman. According to Iranian news agency, the plans are part of plans to exert country’s naval power outside the Persian Gulf, including sending warships to the Mediterranean and claiming it might someday have ships in the Atlantic.—AP

AMMAN— A Syrian opposition leader’s call for dialogue is a test for the intentions of President Bashar Assad, the international envoy to Syria said Sunday, as fighting raged between rebels and government forces in at least three Syrian provinces. Lakhdar Brahimi, the joint U.N.-Arab League envoy to Syria, said the proposal by Mouaz al-Khatib, the president of the opposition coalition, “has opened the door and challenges the Syrian government to fulfill its often-repeated assertion that it is ready for dialogue and a peaceful settlement.” “This initiative is on the table and will be on the table,” Brahimi told reporters in Cairo following talks with Arab league chief Nabil Elaraby. “We believe that if a dialogue begins in one of the U.N. headquarters, at least initially, between the opposition and an acceptable delegation from the Syrian government, it will be a start for getting out of the dark tunnel in which Syria is placed,” Brahimi added. But in a statement Friday, the opposition’s main umbrella group, the Syrian National Coalition, said it would not allow President Bashar Assad or members of his security services to participate in talks to end the crisis. It did not rule out, however, dialogue with some members of his ruling Baath party, saying it welcomed talks with “honorable people” from all parts of society who “have not been embroiled in the crimes against the

Syrian people.” Still, neither side has proposed a concrete plan for the talks. Technically, al-Khatib’s offer no longer stands. Although he did not rescind it officially, he warned he would revoke it by last Sunday, if the regime didn’t release tens of prisoners — which it didn’t. Meanwhile, Syrian Parliament Speaker Jihad Laham told fellow lawmakers in a session Sunday that dialogue is the path that must be pursued under a political agenda Assad proposed in January to end the nation’s 23month-old conflict. “All Syrians must work within the framework of this program to resolve the crisis in the country,” Laham said, pleading to “all Syrians, from all sects and orientation, to confront ter-

MQM will not be consulted over caretaker setup: Nisar STAFF REPORTER I S L A M A B A D —Opposition leader in the National Assembly Chuadhry Nisar Ali Khan said Sunday that the MQM would not be consulted over the caretaker setup and their “topi drama” would not be successful. Speaking to the media here, Nisar said, if attempts were made to appoint a member of the MQM as the opposition leader, it would be a deviation from the constitution and a violation of the 20th amendment. “I will travel to Sindh with Nawaz Sharif soon and stop this topi drama.” Nisar further said that ac-

cording to his information the MQM would sit on the opposition benches and he would oppose them. He also accused the MQM of conspiring with the government over the formation of the caretaker setup. The opposition leader also said the Election Commission had asked him for his matric and inter certificates, while he had given his O’ levels in 1968 and A’ levels in 1970. He said this in response to a list which had his name as a fake degree holder. Nisar said that fake degree holders came into power during the tenure of Musharraf and were still active today.

rorism facing us.” Addressing the same session, Syrian Prime Minister Wael al-Halqi admitted that sanctions and rebel attacks “are beyond the capacity and the ability of any country to bear.” He said the economic blockade imposed by the European Union, the United States and some Arab states has had a “negative impact” on the health sector, although he did not elaborate. Rebel attacks, he added, have damaged 2,500 high schools and caused serious power outages, reducing electricity distribution by up to 60 percent nationwide. He also blamed a shrinking oil supply — which he said now meets around 40 percent of the country’s needs — on rebel attacks on oil refineries. —AP

Cameron ‘disturbed’ over forced mosque plan halt LONDON—British Prime Minister David Cameron has said he is ‘disturbed’ that Muslims were forced to abandon plans for a mosque in his constituency because racists threatened to burn it down. But the shop’s landlord, George Wissinter, received threats within hours of the council granting planning permission. According to the paper, he was told by an anonymous caller that his shop would be burnt down if the mosque went ahead. Cameron said that he was “greatly disturbed to learn of threats being made in Chipping Norton following the District Council’s decision to grant permission for a prayer room for the Muslim community.”—INP

Sugar may be bad, but this sweetener is far more deadly


2009 study from University of Cali fornia, Davis takes its place in a grow ing lineup of scientific studies demonstrating that consuming high-fructose corn syrup is the fastest way to trash your health. It is now known without a doubt that sugar in your food, in all it’s myriad of forms, is taking a devastating toll. And fructose in any form — including highfructose corn syrup (HFCS) and crystalline fructose — is the worst of the worst! Fructose, a cheap sweetener usually derived from corn, is used in thousands of food products and soft drinks. Excessive fructose consumption can cause metabolic damage and triggers the early stages of diabetes and heart disease, which is what the Davis study showed. Dr. Richard Johnson also does a fabulous job of comprehensively reviewing this important topic in his new book The Fat Switch. In the study, over the course of 10 weeks, 16 volunteers on a controlled diet including high levels of fructose produced new fat cells around their heart, liver and other digestive organs. They also showed signs of food-processing abnormalities linked to diabetes and heart disease12. Another group of volunteers on the same diet, but with glucose sugar replacing fructose, did not have these problems. Fructose is a major contributor to: If you received your fructose only from vegetables and fruits (where it originates) as most people did a century ago, you’d con-

sume about 15 grams per day — a far cry from the 73 grams per day the typical adolescent gets from sweetened drinks. In vegetables and fruits, it’s mixed in with fiber, vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and beneficial phytonutrients, all which moderate any negative metabolic effects. It isn’t that fructose itself is bad — it is the MASSIVE DOSES you’re exposed to that make it dangerous. There are two reasons fructose is so damaging: Your body metabolizes fructose in a much different way than glucose. The entire burden of metabolizing fructose falls on your liver. People are consuming fructose in enormous quantities, which has made the negative effects much more profound. Today, 55 percent of sweeteners used in food and beverage manufacturing are made from corn, and the number one source of calories in America is soda, in the form of HFCS. Food and beverage manufacturers began switching their sweeteners from sucrose (table sugar) to corn syrup in the 1970s when they discovered that HFCS was not only far cheaper to make, it’s about 20% sweeter than table sugar. HFCS is either 42% or 55% fructose, and sucrose is 50% fructose, so it’s really a wash in terms of sweetness. Without getting into the very complex biochemistry of carbohydrate metabolism, it is important to understand some differences about how your body handles glucose versus fructose.

SZABIST Career Fair 2013 draws eminent employers ISLAMABAD—Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST) held 2-day Career Fair attended by a large number of people. Resumes were collected by the companies and a number of applicants were shortlisted for further processing. SZABIST graduates and final year students attended this Career Fair and proved their drive for a successful future. Applicants were from Computing, Social Sciences, Media Sciences, Law, Mechatronics, Bio Sciences and predominantly from the Management Sciences program. A number of such applicants were offered jobs in domains other than business administration, such as digital media/communication, banking, supply chain, community development and research. The Career Fair reflected annual efforts by the Executive Development Center SZABIST and witnessed a rising trend of employers desirous of participation in the Fair and recruitment from SZABIST. Around 30 companies reviewed resumes, offered career advice, and initiated connections leading to job offers down the line.—APP

Expansion of Kashmir Highway by year’s end ISLAMABAD—The Capital De-

velopment Authority (CDA) will complete the expansion work of Kashmir Highway by December this year. Talking to APP, the CDA spokesperson said the Kashmir Highway would be widened to five-lanes from existing two lanes on both sides. He said the project was estimated to cost Rs 4.8 billion and the expansion work was started in February 2012 adding that concrete work on the project ISLAMABAD: President of the State of Palestine Mahmoud Abbas watering sapling of Olive planted by him during his would start by next month. He said the construction visit to Shakarparian on Sunday. work on New Islamabad Airport would complete by next year. With operation of this new airport, expansion of residential sectors/housing societies, traffic from Peshawar and Islamabad ISLAMABAD—‘Josh Literary Motorway increased traffic volFoundation’ will arrange “Josh umes will be generated on the Literary Conference” on FebruISLAMABAD: Relatives weeping during a demonstration while standing along the body of Kashmir Highway. Keeping in ary 22 to pay homage to the sera minor girl who was kidnapped from Bara Kahu killed and burnt and was found from I-9. view the above, the CDA has vices of great revolutionary poet started the work on construction Josh Malihabadi on his 31st of widening of the Kashmir death anniversary. Highway, he added.—APP The conference will be arranged in collaboration with ISLAMABAD—Owners of dif- for these eateries. They were people were suffering from food Pakistan Academy of Letters senior officers are also present laid foundation stone of Em- (PAL). CITY REPORTER ferent canteens and eateries at also dissatisfied with the poor poisoning and other related dison the occasion. bassy of the State of Palestine various hospitals and bus stands service of the food outlets work- eases. Prominent poets and scholChairman CDA Syed in the diplomatic enclave ars like Agha Nasir, Syed I S L A M A B A D —Palestinian There were many small were selling substandard eat- ers. President Mahmoud Abbas has Tahir Shahbaz and Member Islamabad Sunday. While number of govern- food stalls and roadside hotels ables as well as overcharging Mansoor Aqil, Dr Shaheen The site for the proposed Mufti, Abida Taqi, Dr Ravish planted an Olive plant at Memo- Environment Dr. Kazim Niaz from the consumers, who were ment and private hospitals in seen in public parks, hospitals rial Garden Shakarparian‚ Sun- briefed the visiting dignity embassy building was allocated Nadeem and Dr Yahya Ahmad forced to buy stale and unhy- capital is over a dozen. The food and recreation resorts, where day afternoon as a memorial to about the making of Capital by former Prime Minister Khan will read the papers on the gienic food from these food out- being sold in these canteens and low quality food was sold which Islamabad in this region and Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto life and work of Josh his visit to Islamabad. out side stalls of hospitals is too was hazardous to the health of lets in federal capital. The Palestinian president is tradition of planting trees at Shaheed. During a visit to different shoddy and substandard, and is people. Malihabadi. Pakistan will provide 50 the first leader of the Palestine this memorial garden of A traveller Qasim Mukhtar hospitals of capital, APP found causing many health problems. Senator Jehangir Badar will and 117th world dignitary plant- Shakarparian where the Fed- percent of the 2 million dollars preside over the function while It was learnt that all such at General Bus Stand said that that a large number of consumeral Cabinet met to approve construction cost. ing tree at this historic place. ers complained that the canteens public places in the city were he did not like to eat from the Dr. Farooq Sattar, Federal MinIt is the first Embassy of the ister for Overseas Pakistanis will Federal Minister for Textile the plan of the Federal Capiand restaurants had no proper offering substandard food due to restaurants at the bus stand, but State of Palestine in any coun- be the chief guest. Grandson of Industry Makhdoom Shahab-ud- tal‚ Islamabad. sitting arrangements while the no checking by the responsible he had no other option. Meanwhile, President Asif try after it has got observer sta- Josh Malihabadi, Farrukh Jamal Din‚ Chairman CDA Syed Tahir He said that quality of food kitchenware they used was not authorities. Shahbaz‚ Member Environment Ali Zardari and his Palestinian tus in the United Nations.— Malihabadi will be also present Due to lack of any food in- items available there was unsatwashed well, adding that there CDA Dr. Kazim Niaz and other counterpart Mahmoud Abbas NNI was no price control mechanism spection system in the capital, isfactory. —APP on the occasion.—APP

Mahmoud Abbas plants Olive sapling

Canteens selling substandard food

Foundation stone of Embassy laid

Heritage Museum projects country’s living culture STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Pakistan National Museum of Ethnology, popularly known as Heritage Museum, at Shakarparian nicely projects country’s living culture at the national and international level, as it is not only frequented by Pakistani nationals but also by the foreign delegates and diplomats. The ethnicity and indigenous culture of each province and region, even the remotest parts of the country has been artistically designed and presented in the museum through three-dimensional creative dioramas and visual presentations. Talking to media, Lok Virsa’s Executive Director

Khalid Javaid said, the museum has been conceptualized, conceived and created by Lok Virsa (National Institute of Folk and Traditional Heritage), a specialized organization dealing with documentation and preservation of Pakistan’s cultural heritage. “Most of the museums in Pakistan are archaeological which are a throwback from colonial times. The National Heritage Museum is the first state museum of ethnology which presents the history and living traditions of the people of Pakistan both from the mainstream and the remotest regions of the country. A large majority of people of Pakistan live in the villages. Their life is tradition-bound Customs, rituals, ceremonies, beliefs, folk songs and dances form the

matrix of their day-to-day sentiments. All this has been tremendously presented in the Heritage Museum, the location of this landmark achievement at Islamabad enriches the federal capital and adds to its attractions, he added. Responding a question, ED Lok Virsa informed that the primary purpose of the museum is to educate and aware present and future generations of Pakistan and to create a treasure house for the nation more valuable than the vault of any bank in the world. “This is a museum for the people of Pakistan, who are the real bearers of our cultural traditions, which make Pakistan truly great”, he maintained. The museum has a covered area of 60,000 square feet featuring exhibit halls,

Josh’s literary conference

making it the largest museum in Pakistan. The main display halls include antiquity and continuity, ethnic tribes, thematic exhibitions & artisansat-work, ballads and romances, Sufis and shrines, musical heritage, textile and embroidery, jewellery and metal work, architecture and wood work. The museum also presents “link passages” depicting similarities and affinities of Pakistan’s cultural traditions with neighbouring and friendly countries including Iran, China, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan. The museum is regularly visited by VVIP, VIP delegates, dignitaries and state guests apart from students, researchers, scholars and general public.

In order to inculcate awareness among youth about their indigenous folk culture showcased in the museum, “Friday” has been declared as “student day” where students are allowed free access to the museum facilities which include creative displays, heritage library housing rare materials and manuscripts on Pakistan’s culture, museum conservation laboratory, etc. Explaining details about the history of Pakistani culture, Khalid Javaid who is also a renowned folklorist and museum expert, said “Pakistan is a developing country and not highly modernized or industrialized Curiously, under-development has its blessings. One great advantage of being under-developed is that Pakistan’s folk culture is still a living tradition practiced by

a dominant majority of its people. Pakistanis therefore do not have to go looking for folklore, it is all over. In fact, it is a common place that an average rural Pakistani may have no awareness whatsoever of his folkloric culture and the richness of his folk heritage, just like the fish in water.” Pakistan’s traditional culture has evolved over great length of times. Though living, it has great antiquity. It links back to the ancient Mehergarh civilization flourished from the Baluchistan province more than 9000 years ago. Indus valley civilization of Moenjodaro and Harappa of 5000 years ago and the Gandhara (250 BC) are all acquainted with. Our traditional culture is therefore deeply rooted and extends over many centuries.

Art and Design Exhibition at FUI ISLAMABAD—A three-day art and design exhibition, displaying creative work of the students of Foundation University Islamabad (FUI), concludes here Sunday. The exhibition was inaugurated by Maj. Gen. Gul Muhammad HI(M) (Retd), Rector FUI at the Rawalpindi Campus of the University on Thursday. He was accompanied by Prof. Dr. Aftab Ahmad, Director Foundation University Rawalpindi Campus. Various eminent artists, faculty members and art lovers from the twin cities visited the exhibition and praised the artistic work of the FUI students. The exhibition comprises the work of students in graphic design, interior design, photography and drawing. Appreciating innovative work of the youngsters, Rector FUI admired the faculty mem-

bers for encouraging talented young artists and providing them an opportunity to portray their skills. He said, the humanities and arts furnish the dreams for the future shape of our world and thereby are the force behind the progress and growth of any society. Maj. Gen. Gul Muhammad HI(M) (Retd) said that the department of humanities and arts at FUI has the excellent faculty whose initiative knows no bounds and whose dedication is comparable to the very best. He said the University students have necessary curiosity, enthusiasm and desire to learn and talent for creative work par excellence. The FUI is willing to go all out to support fine and liberal arts, he added. Prof Dr. Aftab Ahmad said that the department of Humanities and Liberal arts houses one of the most culturally and socially vital programs of the campus, Masters of Fine Arts..—APP

Parliamentary year

06:20 01:30 04:30 07:45

February 20 NATIONAL Inter-faith and Inter-cultural Conference will be held on Living Together with Diversity Interfaith and Inter Cultural Dialogue at Serena Hotel, Islamabad on Wednesday at 09:00 a.m. February 22 LITERARY conference in connection with 31st Death anniversary Josh Malihabbadi, organised by the Josh Literary Foundation, at the Pakistan Academy of Letters, Pitras Bokhari Road, Sector H-8/ 1, Islamabad, 2:30 pm. February 23 ANNUAL Alumni Reunion of the CB College for Women, Kashmir Road, at the Multi-Purpose Hall, Islamabad Club, 4 pm.

Senate enacts swift legislation STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The Senate has expedited legislation as the parliamentary year comes to close on 12 March 2013 and the upper house has adopted seven bills from January 22 to February 6 this year. Earlier, on the other hand the Senate had passed seven bills including one private member bill during the period from July to December, 2012. The running parliamentary year of Senate has started since 12th March, 2012; the upperhouse passed a total of 13 government bills until now. However, only single private member bill was passed i.e. The Right to Free and Compulsory Education Bill, 2012 on 9th July, 2012. With start of the parliamentary year the Senate has firstly received the Finance Bill, 2012 and made 145 recommendations on the Bill. Then the Medical and Dental Council (Amendment) Bill, 2012 was passed on 9th May, 2012, and then the Contempt of Court Bill, 2012 was passed on 11th of July, 2012. After that the Drug Regular-

ity Authority of Pakistan Bill, 2012 was passed with a gap of three months on October 17th, 2012; as a long debate was held on the Bill by the members of Mutahidda Qaumi Movement (MQM) and Awami National Party (ANP). Next month the Intellectual Property Organization of Pakistan Bill, 2012 was passed on November 13th, 2012. With emergence of 2013 four more government bills were passed by the upper house from January 22 to 31, 2013. These bills included the Pakistan Academy of Letters Bill, 2012 passed on January 22, the Maritime Security Agency (Amendment) Bill, 2012 passed after two days on January 24. Besides, the Provincial Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2012 and the Pakistan Coinage (Amendment) Bill, 2012 were passed on the same date on January 31st 2013. During February 2013 three other government bills including the Investigation of Free Trial Bill, 2012 was passed on 1st of the month. While the Trade Organizations Bill, 2012 and the Trade Development Authority of Pakistan Bill, 2012 were passed

on February 06, 2013. However, Senator Malik Rafique Rajwana of PML (N) said on this situation that the government was sleeping in the past. He added that legislation was the responsibility of the government, whereas, the bill should be introduced as per routine. On the other hand Senator Col (R) Tahir Hussain Mashhadi of Mutahidda Qaumi Movement (MQM) looks the fast legislation as a global parliamentary custom whenever tenure of lower house comes near to end. “The tenure of National Assembly (NA) is going to be end and the government want to pass the pending bills from the upper house, “he added. To a question he said that this is a normal practice across the world. He further said that all the parties have developed consensus on these passed bills in the standing committees concerned. When asked about another government and five private member bills which have been received to the Senate, Senator Tahir opined that MQM would express reservations on the few bills; they can not be passed until satisfaction of our members.

21 outlaws arrested ISLAMABAD—Islamabad Police have arrested 21 outlaws from various areas of the city and recovered tampered vehicle, car, weapons and other valuables from them, a police spokesman said on sunday. According to details, on the special direction of SSP Islamabad CIA police team heded by DSP Zubair Ahmad Shaik, Shams Akbar Sub- Inspector, AltafHussain, Dira Khan along with police team arrested 04 four accused involved in docity namely Nazar Hussain , Shabbir and Sulman and Nazim and recovered 02 pistols along with 09 cartridges from their possession. Muhammar Ali Sub- Inspector from CIA arrested 02 accused namely Adnan and Munwar and recovered stolen propriety amounting to rupees 65,000 from their possession. Meanwhile Bhara kau police team Headed by SDPO Sectt circle , Station house officer Inspector Mehboob Ahmad, Mansoor Ahmad SubInspector, Amir Sajjad ASi along with police team arrested 04 accused Imaran, Abbas , Mustfa and Khalid and recovered 02 pistols 30 bore along with 11 cartridges from their possession. ASI Fakhar Abbas from margalla Police arrested 03 accused namely Arfan, Nadeem and Abdul Rehman involved in illegal slander filling. ASI Faiz Ahmad from PS Ramna arrested on accused and recovered one wine bottle from him. ASI Ghulam Murtza from PS Golra arrested 02 accused Amjid and Yaseen and recovered fake currency amounting to ruppes two lac. ASIs Tanveer Hussain and Ghulam Murtza from Golra police station arrested two accused Raziat and Anwar and recovred stolen propriety amounting to rupees 47 thousand and one pistol 30 bore from their possession.ASI Umer Hayat from PS Nilor arrested one accuse Hafiez and recovered 20 wine bottles from him.ASI Sarfraz from ACLC recovered tempered vehicle bering registration No WAG-249 from accused Abid.—Online

RAWALPINDI: Supporters of Shia Ulema Council protesting to condemn bomb targeting Shiite Muslims in a busy market of Hazara Town Quetta on Saturday.

Absence of operators of bombdisposing vehicle R AWALPINDI —The vehicle owned by Rawalpindi district administration, that was used for bomb disposal has been deprived of all the three technicians who operated it. Three persons were trained to operate the vehicle, out of whom one resigned, the other was transferred and still another went on a long vacation. The European Union had gifted the bomb-disposing vehicle to the Rawalpindi district and is worth Rs 60 million. The situation has aroused concerns because if there arises a need to dispose of a bomb, the administration of Rawalpindi district has got no arrangement to serve the purpose.—Online

Rawal Town in utter darkness RAWALPINDI—The streetlights

ISLAMABAD: Vehicles waiting for their turn to get some KGs of gas on Sunday.

2nd dialogue between Pak-UK women MPs

Training in ‘Emergency Medicine’ inevitable

I SLAMABAD —It is required hospitals rely on their subI SLAMABAD —The 2nd dia- to train general physicians and specialties to provide the logue between Women MPs of Pakistan and UK will be held in Islamabad from 18-20 February in Pakistan Institute of Parliamentary Services. Lord Speaker Baroness D’ Souza, Lord Speaker of House of Lords will lead the British Women MPs, says a press statement issued here Sunday. The 2nd Dialogue is being held following the success of the trialogue between Women MPs of Pakistan, UK and Afghanistan organized by UK Commonwealth in mid 2012. The Women MPs of both the countries will discuss different aspect of women’s economic participation and empowerment, issues and challenges, thereof and suggest ways and means to address those issues. The British Women MPs while their stay in Islamabad would meet Dr. Fehmida Mirza, Speaker National Assembly, Syed Nayyar Hussain Bokhari, Chairman Senate and other Pakistani political figures.—NNI

doctors to effectively handle medical emergencies, said Dr Abdus Salam Khan, Director Emergency Department and Emergency Medicine Program at Shifa International Hospital (SIH). Addressing to a one-day workshop “Master Class in Emergency Medicine” organized by Shifa International Hospital on Sunday, Dr. Khan, who is also the supervisor for postgraduate education in Emergency Medicine by College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (CPSP), highlighted that there is a dire need of trained and experienced emergency physicians and nurses in Pakistan. Dr. Khan further said that all the general practitioners are also emergency care providers for small scale care. The other hospitals and institutions have defined emergency rooms, but the care is provided by untrained staff, he remarked. “Tertiary care

emergency care,” Dr. Khan said. Including 70 members of Rescue 1122 rescue workers, more than 500 general physicians and medical trainees from different parts of the country attended this very important workshop that was the first of its kind in entire region. The speakers urged upon the government to form a competent body with leading role to be at the forefront of creating evidence, suggesting treatment protocol and develop monitoring tools for the care. They said that governmental level support should be ensured to emergency medicine. It merits mentioning here that there are only two centres, Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad and Agha Khan University Hospital, Karachi, that offer postgraduate training in Emergency Medicine in Pakistan.— Online

Checking tube wells on internet R AWALPINDI —Rawalpindi Cantonment Broad (RCB) has introduced a new electronic system to check operation of tube wells through internet. Moreover, RCB has successfully undertaken a pilot project on tube well No.12 on Saddar Road. Officials claimed that new electronic system was introduced for the first time in the country and the system is being installed on all other tube wells in premises of RCB. The system would enable concerned officials and consumers to check the fault of tube well via internet on their comput- ISLAMABAD: Students purchasing books from a stall during one-day workshop on ‘Master Class in Emergency Medicine’ organized by Shifa International Hospital. ers.—INP

installed in Rawal Town area have become dysfunctional and creating inconvenience for the residents. The residents of union council 35, 34, 33, 37 and 16 complained that the out of order streetlights poses problem for them while the incidents of street crimes have also increased in their areas. Residents said with advent of evening the whole area sink into darkness and cause inconvenience for transporters and residents. The residents have demanded of the TMA to repair the out of order streetlights on priority. They demanded of the concerning authorities to put the streetlights system in order.— Online

Presence of foreign forces

Major threat to Afghan stability ISLAMABAD—Deputy Secretary General of Jamaat-e-Islami, Dr Farid Ahmad Paracha Sunday said that presence of foreign forces in Afghanistan is a major threat to the stability of the region. He said that there is no moral or political justification of presence of foreign forces in Afghanistan. “Their presence is a challenge for the regional states,” he said. He expressed deep concern over the loss of precious human lives in Afghanistan. The Jamaat-e-Islami leader went on to say that foreign troops are stationing in Afghanistan as part of an international conspiracy to destabilize the Muslim world. Dr Farid Ahmad Paracha expressing his views said that Iran holds a major position in the world. He said that Iran is maintaining balance of power in the region. He told IRNA in an interview that that Iran is an important country of the world and maintaining balance of power in the region. Religious leader said that Iran is fully aware of its responsibilities towards the Islamic world and is playing a vital role for resolving the issues of Muslim Ummah. He said that Iran is belessed with enormous recourses and is always ready to

help the oppressed countries of the world. The politician said the unity of Muslim world is the need of hour. He said Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan should further enhance their cooperation and work closely for the stability and security of the region. Dr Farid Ahmad Paracha was of the view that Iran and Pakistan have been enjoying cordial relations for past many years. “They share same culture and religion,” he said. Jamaat-e-Islami leader added that Iran and Pakistan should work together so that no country of the world could create differences between the two brotherly states. Religious leader answering to a question about Iran’s peaceful nuclear capability said that 5+1 group must respect Iran’s nuclear right. He said that nuclear technology is knowledge and every country has the right to attain this knowledge. Dr Farid Ahmad Paracha said that there is no justification of western curbs on Iran’s peaceful nuclear program. He said that western states must stop following the policy of double standards. “How can you stop Iran from developing peaceful nuclear program when you are making nuclear weapons?” he asked the West.—NNI

Contemptuous behaviour leads to death of NT ISLAMABAD—Prime Minister’s Adviser for Human Rights, Mustafa Nawaz Khokhar has taken notice of the death of Naib Tehsildar (NT) of Shah Jamal, Shafqat Bashir. The death was caused by contemptuous attitude of DCO Muzaffargarh, Abrar Mirza, and subsequent rupture of a nerve in Bashir’s brain. PM’s adviser for Human Rights, Mustafa Khokhar has termed the incident as inhumane. In addition, the staff has staged a protest against the tragic death. —Online

Slow pace of Marreer Bridge construction R AWALPINDI —Construction work at Marreer Bridge is going on at a snail’s pace, which is causing problems for the commuters. The rush of vehicles here seems uncontrollable due to the ongoing developmental work on Marreer Chowk. Especially during the peak hours, traffic jam is a common sight. The citizens have demanded of the authorities concerned to expedite the work at Marreer Chowk so that the commuters might be relieved of the mess.— Online

Billboards atop buildings dangerous RAWALPINDI—Massive billboards neon signs, towers fixed atop multi-storied buildings of Rawalpindi pose severe life hazards for unsuspecting citizens. These billboards and neon signs, on such dense localities of TMA Rawal Town, include Murree Road, Raja Bazaar, Iqbal Town etc have been fixed there illegally and any scrutiny, monitoring of the situation remains ISLAMABAD: A view of garbage at the bank of Rawal Dam which needs attention of conlimited to mere paper work. The most frightening aspect cerned authorities. of it all is that many of the building hosting these massive instruments of hazard are also in quite a dilapidated condition.— Online

CDA foils encroachment efforts by lawyers I SLAMABAD —CDA’s sports and culture department has submitted an application in Margalla Thana against illegal efforts of lawyers’ fraternity to encroach football grounds of sector F-8. Earlier illegal efforts by lawyers to set up their legal kiosks were foiled by traders, who expressed their immediate reservations and concerns to CDA officials. CDA officials have made it clear that no illegal encroachments by any elements would ever be tolerated, including kiosks of legal fraternity.— Online

Sale of water-filled meat in Pindi

R AWALPINDI—Butchers are prices without any fear. playing havoc with people’s health, as the City District Government Rawalpindi (CDGR) has failed to stop the sale of substandard and water-filled meat. People belonging to different walks of life talking to INP expressed concern over the sale of substandard meat in the city, and added there was no check on the sale of unhygienic meat. Unhygienic meat is being sold at Raja Bazaar, Dhoke Ratta, Pirwadhai, Dhoke Syedan, Girga Road, Tench Bhata, Adiala Road, Ganjmandi, Pindora, Dhoke Chaudhrian, Tipu Road, Sadiqabad, Muslim Town, Bagh Sardaran, Chur, Pakki Gali and several other localities. Moreover, butchers are selling meat in the city at higher

Najeeb Ullah, resident of the Pindora, said that the concerned authorities have completely failed to ensure provision of quality meat, adding that there were many meat shops in the city, but there was no check on the quality of meat. Asif Rehman Shami, a resident of Tench Bhatta, said that butchers are playing havoc with people’s health by selling unhealthy and unhygienic meat and the practice is going on unchecked as the concerned officials hardly take any action against them. To increase weight of meat, most butchers fill water into the slaughtered animals and consumption of such meat could outbreak hepatitis and other fatal diseases among people.—INP

Rawalpindi girl made goodwill ambassador

RAWALPINDI—A student of a girls’ college in Lalazaar Rawalpindi, Maryam Qasim, has been made international goodwill ambassador by the governor of Arkansas, the United States of America. Maryam Qasim went to Arkansas in August 2012 on scholarship under youth Exchange and Study Programme. She belongs to a poor family of district Kotli, Azad Kashmir and was recently living in Rawalpindi. Maryam met the governor Arkansas the other day and discussed the problems faced by Pakistani students in the field of education. She emphasised upon need of more funds and scholarships for Pakistani students.—INP

Complete shutdown observed in IHK on 8th running day India urged to hand over body of Guru to his family SRINAGAR—Complete shut- authorities continued to place the mains of Guru to his family for harassment of his family mem-

SRINAGAR: A complete shutter down was observed on 8th running day on Sunday.

SAR Geelani leads Kashmiri students in Delhi protest

Omar repeated history by facilitating Afzal hanging: HCBA

down was observed for the eighth consecutive day, today, against the hanging of Kashmiri youth, Muhammad Afzal Guru, by India. Call for the shutdown had been given by the veteran Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani and it was also aimed at protesting against the killing of innocent protesters by Indian police and troops following the execution of Afzal Guru. On the other hand, undeclared curfew remained in force at Nowhatta, Safa Kadal, Rajouri Kadal, Kawdara, Bahori Kadal, Zaina Kadal, Nawa Kadal and Noor Bagh in Srinagar to prevent people from holding protests against Guru’s execution.Indian

APHC Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, and Syed Ali Gilani under house arrest in New Delhi and senior APHC leader, Agha Syed Hassan Al-Moosvi Al-Safvi in Badgam. Hurriyet leaders and activists including Shabbir Ahmad Shah, Nayeem Ahmad Khan, Showkat Ahmed Bakhshi, Farooq Ahmed Dar, Muhammad Rafiq Ganai, Muhammad Shafi Reshi and Muhammad Yousuf Nadeem remained lodged at different police stations of occupied Kashmir. The APHC, the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front and the Kashmir High Court Bar Association in their separate meetings in Srinagar demanded of India to hand over the mortal re-

If in power, won’t have allowed execution: PDP

Hurriyat to announce ‘clear political strategy’ on Mirwaiz’s return

would not have allowed execution of Parliament attack convict Muhammad Afzal Guru ‘if it was in power’, the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) said Omar Abdullah cannot run away from sharing responsibility for the hanging as his party is part of the UPA government at the centre. “We strongly demand return of mortal remains of Afzal. Had we been in power we would definitely not have allowed the execution”, PDP Spokesperson Nayeem Akther told a local news agency KNS. Asked whether the CM had sufficient time to convince the centre as the decision to hang Afzal was conveyed to him just 12 hours ahead of it, he said, “He is not a Sarpanch. It has become very clear through media reports that he (CM) had been consulted on every stage. If he claims that he was not consulted, it is a very sad commentary on his performance”. He said that Omar Abdullah government is not a separate entity but part and parcel of UPA Government and cannot run away from his responsibilities. Asked whether any PDP member had visited the family of Afzal to express solidarity with them, he replied in negative. “Not yet, entire Kashmir was under siege and north Kashmir has been put under strict curfew. But I don’t know if in coming days any team or member of the party will visit them”, he replied.–KMS

ence (M) has said the prevailing situation in the valley warranted a clear and joint political strategy and the same would be announced after Mirwaiz Umer Farooq returns home from New Delhi. Keeping in view the current situation and public aspirations, the APHC favors formulation of a solid political strategy so that Kashmiri people have a united voice and deal with the current serious situation persisting in Kashmir”, a spokesman said adding a meeting of Hurriyat executive discussed the situation at a meeting here. The participants said that the APHC would formally announce

decent burial. A resolution passed at a meeting of members of civil society, lawyers, writers, journalists and retired judges, in Srinagar said that civil society activists of Kashmir, India and other countries would start an indefinite sit-in and hunger strike in front of Indian Parliament if mortal remains of Afzal Guru were not given to his family within two weeks. The meeting was chaired by noted Kashmiri human rights activist, Muhammad Ahsan Untoo. The APHC spokesman in a statement strongly denounced the raids on the house of a mujahid commander, Mushtaq Ahmed Zargar, in Srinagar and

bers. An APHC delegation comprising Musaddiq Aadil, Ghulam Nabi Zaki and Farooq Ahmed Tauheedi visited Doabgah area of Sopore and expressed solidarity with the family of Afzal Guru. Prominent Indian social activist, Swami Agnivesh, in a media interview to a Srinagar-based news agency termed Afzal Guru’s hanging as a big blot on Indian democracy. Human right activists from various districts across Indian Punjab staged a protest in Ludhiana against the hanging of Afzal Guru. The Station House Officer of Police Station Qalaamabaad in Handwara committed suicide by shooting himself in the head in his residential quarter.—KMS

SRINAGAR—Stating that the February 1984 in the hanging of the series of meeting Omar had Maqbool Bhat.” with the leadership on his return SRINAGAR—Claiming that it SRINAGAR—Hurriyat Confer- a clear political strategy to deal people to torture, wanton arrests, N E W D ELHI — Scores of immediate clampdown after the Shaheed Bhat issued the statement from Delhi to Srinagar…” execution of Afzal Guru to pre-

Kashmiri students studying in Delhi staged a protest against hanging of Afzal Guru in Tihar Jail. The protest demonstration was led by S A R Geelani, who was of the accused in Parliament attack case and acquitted by Supreme Court after remaining in jail for five years. Carrying banners and placards, the Kashmiri students led by SAR Geelani assembled at Eidgah, Batla House. They staged a sit-in there and protest against Guru’s hanging. “Guru was not given a fair trial. Even his family members were not informed about his hanging. It is the worst kind of human rights violations,” said a Kashmiri student, who wished not to be identified. While addressing the protestors SAR Geelani said, “By hanging Afzal Guru, India has declared war on people of Kashmir. The peace-loving people across the world were shocked by Afzal’s hanging”. He said Guru was an innocent. “He was hanged without being given a fair trial. His sacrifice has rejuvenated the struggle in Kashmir and inspired youth to continue their peaceful struggle”.—NNI

Kashmir resolution vital to peace in South Asia: DFP SRINAGAR—The Jammu and

vent law and order in Kashmir ‘was a part of collaborative role’ of Chief Minister Omar Abdullah, the High Court Bar Association (HCBA) has said the National Conference ‘cannot clean its hands by issuing ridiculous statements and shedding crocodile tears.’ In a statement here, advocate Mohammad Ashraf Bhat, general secretary HCBA has said: “…Omar Abdullah has repeated the history in facilitating the hanging of Mohammad Afzal Guru in the month of February the way his father Farooq Abdullah did the same thing in

after Bar convened a meeting of its executive committee at Sadder court to discuss the situation of ‘political assassination of Afzal Guru’. “In the meeting it was unanimously reiterated Omar Abdullah has without an iota of doubt collaborative role in the political assassination of Mohammad Afzal Guru who in meetings with the central leadership including the Union Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinday has undertaken to take control of the political, law and order situation in Jammu and Kashmir on the eve of hanging of Guru which is evident from

Bhat has added that Omar immediately ‘imposed curfew across the valley and imprisoned the people and in practical terms gagged the press and deprived the people from media reports’. “The claim of the state government that it has not gagged the press is ridiculous and absurd as not only the print media but social network services were suspended across the state which absolutely clears the collaborative role of Omar Abdullah in hanging of the Mohammad Afzal Guru in gross violation to legal norms and international conventions. —NNI

GoI hanged Afzal to hide weaknesses, Kamaal hits out at Congress SRINAGAR—While rubbishing the upcoming Parliament Ses- Omar Abdullah should resign reports that Chief Minister Omar Abdullah was taken into confidence by the Govt of India before hanging Muhammad Afzal Guru, National Conference Additional General Secretary, Dr Mustafa Kamal said the central government took the step in an effort to cover up for its own weaknesses. The NC leader said the hanging Afzal was part of a political game being played by the Congress party. “They wanted to counter the BJP and other saffron parties, as their main aim is to stay in power in Delhi with an eye on 2014 elections,” Kamal told a local news agency KNS. “Home Minister Shinde was under severe attack from the BJP and Sangh Parivar, who had decided to boycott him in

sion for his statement on Hindu terror. They are doing all this to cover up for their own misdeeds”, he said. “They could have given Afzal 20 days time as is warranted under law to allow him to file a review petition before the Supreme Court as was done in the case of Rajeev Gandhi’s killers”, he added . Kamaal said the Congress party lacked sincerity and good intensions in hanging Guru, “Which are bound to boomerang on them. They are not sincere towards Kashmir. They have 2014 elections in mind and are not worried about Omar Abdullah, even if he becomes weak”, he added. He dismissed the idea that the NC president Dr Farooq Abdullah and Chief Minister

from their respective position. “This is narrow mindedness. One lakh people have died in Kashmir which includes Mirwaiz Muhammad Farooq, Mirwaiz South Kashmir, Abdul Gani Lone and Dr Abul Ahad Guru. Right now the situation needs to be handled and kept under control. Govt has to assuage people during the troubled times. It cannot run away and leave people to the mercy of killers”, Kamaal added. He said many lacunae have been pointed out in the trial and execution of Muhammad Afzal Guru, who would have been alive but for those lacunae. However, he said those raising hue and cry over the issue, did nothing to help Guru during last 12 years.—NNI

Kashmir Democratic Freedom Party (DFP), a constituent of the All Parties Hurriyet Conference, has said that resolution of the Kashmir dispute is imperative for ensuring permanent peace and stability in South Asia. The DFP spokesman in a statement issued in Srinagar appealed to the United Nations Secretary General, Ban-kiMoon, to take effective steps for resolving the lingering dispute in accordance with the Kashmiris’ aspirations. “Kashmir is not only the main cause of confrontation between India and Pakistan, but the root cause of miseries of the people of Jammu and Kashmir,” the spokesman said. “It is the illegal control of New Delhi on Jammu Kashmir that resulted in the hanging of Muhammad Afzal Guru and martyrdom of the lacs of people since 1947,” he added. Meanwhile, liberation leader, Javed Ahmad Mir, in a statement said that execution of Muhammad Afzal Guru had once again revealed the real face MUZAFFARABAD: AJK Information Secretary Shoukat Majid Malik exchanging views with AKNS General Secretary Zaheer Jagwal, Vice president Agha Safeer Hussain Kazmi and others. of Indian democracy. —INP

Cop Commits Suicide with service pistol SRINAGAR—A police sub-inspector allegedly committed suicide by shooting himself with his service pistol in north Kashmir’s Kupwara district today. Sub-Inspector Ghulam Nabi Sheikh, who was posted asStation House Officer at Kalamabad Police station, was found dead inside his room in the police station premises this morning, a police spokesman said. 55-year-old Sheikh, a native of Zaloora in Kupwara district, shot himself in the temple with his service pistol, police said. It was not immediately known why the Sub-Inspector took the extreme step, the spokesman said, adding police have registered a case and started investigations.—Online

with the situation once the conglomerates Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq is released from Delhi. “APHC demands that the steps should be taken to bring back the mortals of martyr Afzal Guru. The participants expressed shock over the fact that the so called largest democracy did not intimated the family members about the unwarranted hanging of Afzal Guru. Hence they said his brothers, wife and children even could not see their dear Guru for one last time”, the statement read. “The conglomerate while taking into consideration the sensitivities’ and running anger of people said that after subjecting

life time imprisonments, and now hanging of innocent Kashmiris should be seen through the prism of the ongoing serious situation prevailing in Kashmir. It has also clearly reflected what has been in store for the Kashmiri people in the coming days”, the party spokesman said in a statement issued here. According to the statement the participants said that those people who were always claiming that normalcy has returned to Kashmir, “now have accepted the fact that there has been no peace in Kashmir and it continues to be cause of worry for the Kashmiris people, India and Pakistan.—NNI

RAWALPINDI: Former president of AJK Sardar Sikandar Hayat meeting President Sardar Muhammad Yaqub Khan.

National Youth Summit urges govt to announce youth emergency in Pakistan MUZAFFARABAD—The National Youth Summit concluded here Sunday has demanded government to announce youth emergency in Pakistan to ensure employment opportunities in public and private sector and to provide equal access to education and opportunities. The resolution adopted at the concluding ceremony of three-day NYS 2013 also urged federal and provincial governments to reflect plans in their Annual Development plans for providing frequent opportunities of exchange to youth of all provinces, FATA, Gilgit Baltistan (GB) and AJK to reduce the gaps, cultural integration and develop harmony. The three day National Youth Summit 2013, was an endeavor of ACT International with its partner organizations

and Valley Trackers, aims to enhance leadership capacity, build confidence, introducing youth to the social challenges, ensure intercultural and interfaith harmony and provide an opportunity to network with the youth around the country. Hundreds of students aged 18 to 24 from across Pakistan participated in the event that inaugurated by the President of AJK Sardar Yaqoob Khan. The Summit encompassed twelve multi-dimensional sessions, addressed by leaders from various segments and professions, including political figures, youth leaders, and journalists, leaders from business community and mentors from leading corporations. President AJK Sardar Yaqoob Khan, President Muslim Conference Sardar Atique, Deputy Speaker of AJK

Assembly Shaheen Kauser , Minister for Rehabilitation AJK Abdul Majid Khan, Minister for Industries and Commerce Chaudhry Akbar Ibrahim, and Shireen Fatima, Member Legislative Assembly Gilgit Baltistan also addressed the Summit. It was highlighted that in Pakistan, around 63% of the population is concentrated below the age of 25 years while a significant portion of 55.53 (33.9%) of 186.76 million population is concentrated in the age range of 10-24 years old. It said that the youth can be an asset for the country if they are converted into human resources and engine for economic development of Pakistan; however, they can be a liability if their skills and knowledge are not developed.—NNI

Hanging of Afzal Guru, curfew display India’s heartless retributive justice MIRZA WAHEED


curfew is like a collective strangulation. You proscribe movement, talk, commu nication and assembly. You cut off the very sustenance of life: food, milk, medicine. You choke a people, because you fear, no, dread, what the curfewed other might say to the world. Indian-controlled Kashmir has been under curfew for the last five days; everything is shut down, locked up, besieged. Newspapers have been seized, editors verbally instructed by police officials not to print, TV channels, except of course the government-run ones, have been blocked. People are not allowed to travel except if you have a bullet in your body and are still breathing inside an ambulance. This latest imposition – Kashmir’s modern history is bookmarked by chapter after chapter of sieges and martial-law like curfews – came soon after Mohammad Afzal Guru was hanged by India for his involvement in the attack on India’s parliament in 2001 in which nine people

were killed. In a case widely criticised for its dodgy investigation, the absence of a fair trial and most crucially, the lack of evidence beyond reasonable doubt, the supreme court of India, upholding sentences of lower courts, sentenced Afzal Guru to a double death sentence in 2005. There was only circumstantial evidence against him, the court admitted, but the “collective conscience of society” could only be soothed with this execution. As soon as what many call a miscarriage of justice was performed in Delhi’s Tihar Jail, the Indian government effectively shut off the Valley from the world. It was almost automatic, a reflex, and why wouldn’t it be, for the powerful and increasingly militaristic Indian state is well rehearsed in dealing with the oppressed and weak of Kashmir. So the run of play in this heartless display of retributive justice was this: you hang a Kashmiri in Delhi and then, to complete the picture, to make the performance full, immediately put Kashmir under a military siege. A country that

needs to impose a curfew every time it fears what it calls “unrest” in a region that it claims as an integral part should by now have learned that it is not an integral part. It never was. It was not just the hanging but also the manner of it – executed while the world slept, in secret and in great haste, as thieves do when they embark on their dark deeds – that makes this execution a symbol of the deep moral rot at the heart of the Indian state. Indian authorities chose not to inform Afzal Guru’s family prior to the hanging and quietly buried him in prison. His brother has said they learned of his execution on TV. A letter sent by the government of India to Afzal Guru’s wife reached her two days after the execution. Even the public prosecutor responsible for Afzal Guru’s trial has admitted that it was a violation of his rights as well as of India’s prison manuals that state a person on death row must be allowed family visits. What kind of state makes sure that the wife and young son of a man it is about to execute, do not see him, touch him or hear him talk, one last time? Kashmiris, in mourning and in fury, erected

a tombstone over an empty grave in the main martyrs’ graveyard in the Kashmiri capital, Srinagar. The text of the epitaph was the same as that of another epitaph, erected in memory of Maqbool Bhat, the founder of Kashmir’s main pro-independence militant group turned political formation the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front, who was hanged in the same jail 29 years ago. The epitaph reads, “The martyr of the nation, Mohammad Afzal Guru, Date of Martyrdom: 9th February 2013 Saturday, whose mortal remains are lying in the custody of the Government of India. The nation is awaiting its return.” On the morning of 13 February, Kashmiri news websites reported that the police had removed and destroyed the tombstone and then, after the news spread via Twitter and Facebook, a replacement tombstone mysteriously reappeared. The Kashmiri phrases, Qabr Chhoor and Kafan Chhoor, titles for those who rob graves or shrouds are deployed to describe the basest of thieves. The swiftness of the execution, and the macabre theatre that followed, which included

an offer by the Indian government that Afzal’s family will be allowed to pray once by his grave in prison that the family promptly turned down, is disturbingly reminiscent of Franco’s Spain. I learned of the execution in London and struggled to make sense of it. I still do. It was, for reasons moral and legal – judicial review is available to even people denied a presidential pardon – somehow unbelievable, although by no means unexpected. Does the world’s so-called largest democracy really want to be seen as a nation revelling in a retrograde, made-for-TV bloodlust? I began to think of Ghalib, Afzal Guru’s 14year-old son, who, accompanied by his mother a few years ago, went to the head of the Indian state with a mercy petition, begging the president to pardon his father’s life. Clearly, the president wasn’t listening. He had to, as the judge had decreed in the supreme court of India’s verdict, satisfy the “collective conscience of the society,” which will “only be satisfied if capital punishment is awarded to the offender”.Courtesy—Kashmir Watch


































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Pak traders ask India to cut customs duty LUDHIANA—Traders from Pa- business visa.” kistan who visit the industrial city don’t really feel out of place here but want reduction in customs duty and increase in the number of visits permitted on business visa. At present, Pakistani traders can visit India on business visa three times. According to Malik Ahmed Nawaz, a trader from Multan, “At present, we have to a shell out stall fees of 2,200 dollars. We also have to pay very high ISLAMABAD: Senior Director, South Asia Sustainable Development Department (SASSD) of the World Bank, John N customs duty, which makes the Stein called on Federal Minister for Finance, Dr Abdul Hafeez Shaikh. articles expensive. We want a cut in customs duty. Governments of the two countries should ease norms for visits on

EArly completion of Bhalwal industrial estate urged STAFF REPORTER


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DED stays robust in ’12 DUBAI —Strong licencing activity in Dubai reflects stability and growth across key economic sectors as the emirate recorded a significant 16 per cent year-on-year growth in licences issued during 2012, mainly in the tourism sector. The Department of Economic Development, or DED, on Saturday announced that the department issued 16,688 business licences in 2012, compared to 14,430 licences issued in 2011. The tourism sector, at 56 per cent, accounted for the major share of licences in 2012 followed by the professional (21 per cent) commercial (14 per cent) and industrial (13 per cent) sectors compared to 2011. “Confidence in Dubai is rising with the emirate emphasising on overall competitiveness and sustained investment in infrastructure producing rich returns. New project pipelines and growing links to new markets are attracting more investors who are leveraging the various business set up and growth options in Dubai,” DED director-general Sami Al Qamzi said in a statement to Khaleej Times. Abu Dhabi issues 7,762 new commercial licences in 2012. The Abu Dhabi Department of Economic Development, or Added, issued 7,762 new commercial licences in 2012, bringing the total number of active business licences registered in the emirate to 87,329. According to the annual statistical report on commercial activities that was released by the Added, the total number of commercial licences transactions processed last year was 181,106. Abu Dhabi accounted for 123,838 of these, followed by Al Ain (13,763) and the Western Region (43,505). Mohammed Munif Al Mansouri, acting executive director of the Commercial Affairs Sector, said that through its strategy and future plans, the Added was able to develop commercial and business activity in various vital sectors, stating that the continuous increase in commercial licencing was indicative of the steady progress and growth of the Abu Dhabi economy. He emphasised that the Added is determined to strengthen the emirate’s business environment by encouraging commercial activities to achieve the desired economic diversification and enhance the emirate’s competitiveness as an attractive haven for investments. Mohammed Shaal Al Saadi, chief executive officer of the Business Registration and Licencing sector at the DED, added: “The business registration and licencing activity in 2012 mirrored an increasingly positive investor sentiment and expectations.—Agencies

Tradings Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Ahmad Jawad has urged the Punjab Industrial Estate Development and Management Company (PIE) to speed up the process of Industrial estate at Tehsil Bhalwal which was demanded from the last many years as till now remarkable progress has been seen on the project. Talking to media here on Sunday, Ahmed Jawad said that after completion the project will make a strong push for the export of kinnow process as Bhalwal is known as the hub of kinnows, supplying over half of the country’s exports. However it was a matter of great concern that Pakistan which is 13th largest kinnow producing country in the world, annually produces 2 million tons yield has minimum in the rank-

ing to export of this fruit. There is capacity to increase this amount. At present, there is little or no government intervention and assistance, only private sector doing their own which is the reflection to assert provincial government to think for industrial estate. Jawad told credit for this goes to the sheer determination of the farmers and entrepreneurs who have worked hard to set up more than 200 wax plants and have explored international markets for this product. Harvest CEO also stressed the need for making continuous improvement in the farm infrastructure and seed design to maximize per acre yield and to produce pest immune fruit. As a result trial and error is the order of the day. Farmers themselves try to improve the produce but since they don’t have proper knowledge and awareness, the results are not as

great. Similarly wastage of crop is another worrying factor. Presently around 20% produce is wasted during plucking and another 10% during processing. Research on new and improved ways of plucking and alternative usage of the wasted fruit can greatly decrease this loss. For now, kinnow farming and its related industry requires immediate steps before it’s too late. He suggested PHDEC and PARC jointly need to get the exporters, factory owners and most importantly, the farmers on board to address the situation of this potent source. Jawad briefed that Pakistan can earn $200 million foreign exchange from kinnow export, subject to formulate proper policy and recognize this sector as industry on the lines of Florida & Australian oranges.

LSE to launch niche market with less stringent listings LONDON—The London Stock Exchange is to launch a new niche market next month featuring less stringent listing terms for fast-growing companies wanting to raise funds on Britain’s stock market. The LSE’s High Growth Segment market will allow medium-sized growth companies to go public with as little as 10 per cent of their shares put on the market, unlike the LSE’s main market where the normal minimum free float requirement is 25 per cent. Billed as a “stepping stone”

Oil falls hard amid concern of sluggish US economy NEW YORK—Oil prices sank on Friday and Brent futures finished their first negative week since mid-January after an unexpected dip in US industrial production spurred concerns about lagging economic activity. Industrial production dipped 0.1 per cent last month after a revised 0.4 per cent gain in December. Economists had been expecting a modest increase in industrial output in January. US crude prices also fell hard as traders sold positions ahead of the US holiday weekend. Brent futures for April delivery tumbled to a low of $116.28 per barrel, down $1.72, before recovering to settle off 34 cents at $117.66. The contract ended the week down $1.24 or 1 per cent, its first loss since the week ending January 13. US crude shed $1.45 to settle at $95.86 per barrel. For the week, US crude managed a small gain of 14 cent a barrel. Wednesday saw a record in open interest for West Texas Intermediate futures, as CME Group Inc said on Thursday it had reached 1,665,014 contracts.—Agencies

to a premium listing, it fills the gap between the LSE’s main market and its junior Alternative Investment Market (AIM) for small, growing companies which has no minimum requirement on how much of the company must be floated. The High Growth Segment was developed in consultation with the British government, which has been considering easing listing rules for technology companies in particular since September to stem the flow of highgrowth companies heading across the Atlantic in search of capital.

Companies keen to list must have achieved an annual revenue growth rate of at least 20 per cent over a three-year period, be incorporated according to European Economic Area (EEA) regulations, publish an approved prospectus and offer a minimum of 10 per cent of its shares in free float provided these shares are worth over £30 million ($47 million). To list on the main market, companies must make at least 25 per cent of their shares freely available, unless a waiver is granted by the UK Listing Authority (UKLA).—Agencies

KARACHI—Two ships arrived at the Port to load/ offload containers at QICT, palm oil at LCT on February 16, port sources said here Sunday. Berth occupancy was maintained at 50% at the Port on Saturday where a total of seven ships namely M.V KPS-I Alican Bey-Powership, M.V Aurora Sb, M.V Lantau Arrow, M.T Bunga Angelica, M.T Atlantic Glory, M.T Genie, M.T Chem Road Fuji, are currently occupying berths to load/ offload containers, cement, palm oil, meg, furnace oil paraxylne, steel coil. Cargo handling operations were carried out smoothly at the Port where a cargo volume 22918 tonnes comprising 18860 tonnes import 4058 tones export and (632) Tues was handled during the last 24 hours. M.T Chem Road Fuji, M.T Atlantic Glory, M.T Genie, sailed on Saturday afternoon. M.V Lantau Arrow, M.V Aurora Sb, sailed on Sunday morning. M.V MSC Sierra II, M.V Maersk Wyoming at QICT and M.V Blue Balance at FAP arrive on February 17.—APP

Abu Dhabi’s Etihad needs to revise Jet Airways deal

ABU DHABI—Etihad Airways needs to revise its deal to buy a stake in India’s Jet Airways and it is too soon to say when a final agreement will be struck, the Abu Dhabi airline’s chairman told Reuters on Sunday. Sheikh Hamed bin Zayed alNahayan, speaking on the sidelines of a defence exhibition in the UAE capital, said officials would meet with Indian Trade Minister Anand Sharma to discuss the matter. When asked if a Jet deal would be signed by March or April, Sheikh Hamed said: “I don’t know we need to revise it.” The terms of the possible deal have not been disclosed, but a government source said earlier this month Etihad was in talks At current share prices, the to pick up a 24-percent stake in L ONDON—Britain’s finance ministry insisted Saturday it taxpayers’ stake is worth 31 bil- Jet for up to $330 million.— would dispose of its majority lion. A senior government Agencies

the two sides of the border were bound to be similar owing to the shared heritage. Romana Ahmed, a business woman from Multan and president of the south Punjab Women’s Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SPWCCI), said, “I never felt there is any difference between people in the two countries. Our country originated from India so it is quite obvious that the two countries will have a lot of similarities. There maybe differences between the governments but I am sure no such differences exist between the people. We always want friendship”.—Online

25,000 business enterprises related to gems operates in Punjab STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Lahore has become the 2nd largest jewellery production hub after Karachi, as more than 25000 business enterprises related to gems and jewellery are operating in Punjab, providing employment to more than 20,0000 individuals. Traditionally Lahore has been a land of finesse artisans and this tradition has transcended in the jewellery industry as well. Continuing its progress on the mandate of development of

gems and jewellery industry, Pakistan Gems and Jewellery Development Company (PGJDC) has established a Gems and Jewellery Training and Manufacturing Center (GJTMC) at Lahore. The center is successfully providing training and common facility services to the gems and jewellery industry of Punjab. Talking to media, an official said the training center is not only for the jewellers but for everybody who wants to learn to design jewellery. “With its new approach in jewellery making, GJTMC will

help refine artistic abilities to making jewellery while working in a creative and rewarding jewellery profession”. Official said GJTMC Lahore possesses a highly qualified, experienced and dedicated faculty which brings forth students creativity and convert dream ideas into beautiful jewellery pieces. In an effort to support the growing industrialization of the province, PGJDC intends to open a GJTMC in thriving gems and jewellery industry of Sargodha in near future as well.

Former Azizi Bank Director bids for New Kabul Bank KABUL—Only one company filed an offer for New Kabul Bank, the Ministry of Finance said, despite claiming earlier in the week that as many as eight companies were interested in the sale. The bidding company, MTZ, is owned by three partners including former Azizi Bank vice-chairman Ali Akbar Zhowandai. The Finance Ministry had said that five Afghan and three foreign companies were interested in the bid, but only MTZ submitted a letter of bid with a suggested business plan for the bank. In a phone interview with

TOLOnews, Zhowandai said he no longer has any ties to Azizi Bank where he was vice-chairman until two years ago. “I don’t even have an Azizi bank account,” he said. MTZs business is primarily in oil and petroleum and most of the trade is done with US-based companies, he added. Head of Treasury Department Mohammad Aqa Kohestani said that MTZs offer will be examined by a number of officials from the Ministry of Finance, the central bank Da Afghanistan Bank, the Ministry of Justice, New Kabul Bank officials, and a banking

expert. He added that final negotiations will be conducted March 13 and, following government approval, the sale will be announced April 7. “Today, we see which companies have handed over their offers to us. Five companies were ready and the deadline for them is 3:00 pm today,” Kohestani said at a press conference, adding that they have forfeited the chance to bid by not submitting an offer. Afghanistan International Bank (AIB) was among the other four, officials said.— NNI

Britain to dispose of RBS shares

LGT opens office at DIFC ABU DHABI—LGT Group, the

stake in the Royal Bank of Scotland “at the appropriate moment” amid reports ministers were considering a share giveaway. RBS could be ready to return to the private sector later this year, but at present prices that would represent a huge loss to British taxpayers. They own 81 percent of the Edinburgh-based bank after it was bailed out to the tune of 45.5 billion ($70.5 billion, 52.8 billion euros) at the height of the global financial crisis in 2008.

source was quoted by The Independent newspaper as saying of giving away shares: “This is something which is being looked at very seriously and officials have been asked to come up with a range of options for us to consider. “There is a realisation that there is no prospect of RBS’s share price rising to the level at which we bailed the bank out and it’s not good for the bank or the government to hold on to our stake indefinitely.—Agencies

Indian court settles Sanofi tax dispute M UMBAI —An Indian court Sanofi has maintained that the treaty between India and France, ruled on Friday that French drugmaker Sanofi SA is not liable to pay local capital gains tax for its 30 billion rupee ($556.64 million) acquisition of Indian vaccine maker Shantha Biotechnics, a lawyer for Sanofi said. Sanofi bought Hyderabadbased Shantha Biotechnics in 2009 through its acquisition of French firm ShanH, which owned a majority stake in the Indian drugmaker. Indian tax officials had demanded more than $185 million in capital gains tax on the acquisition from Sanofi India .

Shipping activity at PQ

Another trader, Waseem Barlas from Faisalabad in Pakistan said, “I am into the handicrafts and furniture business and have travelled to India many times. But due to the high customs duty and stall fee, there is not much profit in doing business with India. I am sure more traders from Pakistan will come here for business but the government must reduce customs duty.” Meanwhile, Pakistani traders feel that Ludhiana is very much like the cities in Pakistan, which engenders a sense of belonging in them. A businesswoman in Pakistan said life on

acquisition was subject to tax in France, and challenged the demand in the Andhra Pradesh High Court. In a similar case, India’s Supreme Court last year rejected a $2.2 billion tax demand on British telecoms firm Vodafone over its acquisition of Hutchison Whampoa Ltd’s Indian cellular business in 2007. India is again seeking to tax Vodafone after a law change enabled it to tax already-concluded deals, which Vodafone is disputing. “The court has maintained that, according to a business

this transaction can be taxed only in France,” said Rohan Shah, managing partner of Economic Laws Practice in Mumbai, who represented Sanofi. The ruling could not immediately be independently verified by Reuters. In a statement on Friday, Sanofi said it was reviewing the contents of the judgment announced by the high court. Shares in Sanofi India rose 3.7 percent to 2,323.10 rupees on Friday, outperforming the wider Mumbai market, which fell 0.15 percent.—Agencies

international private banking and asset management group, on Saturday announced the opening of its first office in Dubai following the successful award of regulatory approvals. Located at the Dubai International Financial Centre, or DIFC, the LGT Group will offer a unique set of advisory and execution services to private banking clients across the GCC, East Mediterranean, Turkey, Africa and South Asia. The office was opened by Prince Max von und zu Liechtenstein, chief executive of the LGT Group. “The Middle East represents one of the most significant growth markets for our services, globally. Our objective, through the establishment of LGT Middle East, is to create a strong presence within the region with the Dubai office a central hub for family-focused private banking services,” Prince Max said. The LGT Group has established a subsidiary, LGT (Middle East) Limited, which will serve clients from its offices in Dubai, Bahrain, Geneva and Zurich. Headquartered at the DIFC, LGT Middle East has now received regulatory approval from the Dubai Financial Services Authority to commence operations in Dubai, providing private banking services to clients. “Advising families is at the heart of the LGT ethos. This is what distinguishes LGT. It is the largest private banking and asset management group in Europe that is whollyowned by an entrepreneurial family, the Princely Family of Liechtenstein.—Agencies

PESHAWAR: President of Khyber Paktunkhawa Chamber of Commerce Dr Yousuf Sarwar addressing during oath taking ceremony of Anjumn-e-Tajiraan Kochi Bazaar.

Air Arabia’s 2012 net profit surges 55pc to $115.8m

Emaar chairman receives Abana Annual Achievement Award

In the fourth quarter, net DUBAI—Sharjah-based budget carrier Air Arabia said Saturday profit came in at $22.6 million, its 2012 net profit soared 55 per- six percent up from the corre- D UBAI —Mohamed Alabbar, cent on an annual basis to $115.8 sponding period in 2011. chairman of Emaar Properties, “The year 2012 saw Air has received the prestigious million, as it expanded its netArab Bankers Association of North America (Abana) Achievement Award 2012 at a special ceremony in New York recently for his outstanding achievements and pioneering contributions to business. A premier recognition by the leading group of New Yorkbased financial professionals, the Abana Achievement Award is presented annually to individuals or groups who have made compelling contributions to the business sector. In his acceptance speech, Alabbar underlined the strategic position of Dubai as a key link work and passenger numbers Arabia expand its global net- in the New Silk Road of trade work by entering new markets, and commerce that connects rose. Revenues for the Middle taking more aircraft deliveries,” America and the emerging marEast’s first and largest low-cost chairman Sheikh Abdullah bin kets in Asia. airline stood at 2.9 billion Mohammad al-Thani said in the He said that America will dirhams ($790 million), an in- statement. need fast-growing consumer Air Arabia, which began op- markets in the Middle East, Afcrease of 21 percent compared with 2011, it said in a state- erations from the emirate of rica and Asia markets to drive Sharjah in 2003, now has two its exports sector and sustain the ment. Passenger numbers grew other hubs in Egypt and Mo- growth momentum. 13 percent to 5.3 million in rocco. It operates a fleet of 33 “America’s biggest oppor2012, with a seat load factor narrow-body Airbus A320 that tunity is the Middle East region, of 82 percent for the whole serves 83 destinations, nine of where it has established strong which added in 2012.—Agencies partnerships.—Agencies year.

26 killed in serial Baghdad blasts

Brahimi wants Syria, opposition talks CAIRO—International mediator Lakhdar Brahimi called on Sunday for talks between the Syrian opposition and an “acceptable delegation” from the Damascus government on a political solution to the country’s 23month-old civil war. After a meeting at Arab League headquarters in Cairo, Brahimi said negotiations could begin on United Nations premises. He gave no specific location. Opposition Syrian National Coalition leader Moaz Alkhatib has offered to hold talks with President Bashar al-Assad’s ceremonial deputy, Farouq al-Shara, on a political transition in which Assad would be given safe passage to go into exile. Alkhatib’s initiative, widened by the SNC leadership to an offer to talk to any Syrian representative not directly involved in repression, “has opened the door and challenged the Syrian government to live up to what it has been continuously saying, that it is ready for dialogue and a peaceful solution”, Brahimi said. “We believe that if a dialogue begins at the offices of the United Nations, at least at the start, between the opposition and an acceptable delegation from the Syrian government, we think this will be a start to get out of the dark tunnel.” It was unclear whether he had received any indication of Syria’s willingness to enter into talks with Alkhatib and the SNC. An estimated 70,000 people have been killed since an uprising against Assad began in March 2011 after the overthrow of veteran authoritarian rulers in Tunisia and Egypt. Arab League chief Nabil Elaraby said he will travel to Russia, one of Assad’s main foreign allies, on Tuesday for talks with envoys of four Arab states. Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Moualem is also due to visit Moscow later this month. Brahimi confirmed that Alkhatib would Residents gather at the site of a car bomb attack in the Ameen district in Baghdad on Sunday. himself visit Moscow next month, adding that he had discussed that trip with Elaraby.—Reuters

Armenian president set to win election Y EREVAN —Armenian President Serzh Sarksyan is likely to win a new five-year term on Monday after an election campaign marred by an assassination attempt on one of his rivals and a hunger strike by another. Opinion polls suggest Sarksyan’s victory is all but certain. He is on target to win more than 60 percent of the votes in the small, landlocked country in the South Caucasus, with the next of the other six candidates barely in double figures. Sarksyan’s supporters say an election free of the violence and fraud that tainted the last presidential election in 2008, when 10 people were killed in clashes, would show the former Soviet republic is on the road to political stability and help sustain its economic recovery after years of war and upheaval. “People expect from the president that he will be able to provide security and sustainability for our country,” Prime Minister Tigran Sarksyan told Reuters in an interview in Yerevan, the capital of the country of 3.2 million people. “Based on that, all social-economic problems, and first of all unemployment, can be solved. But there are still questions about stability in a country that is locked in a dispute with neighbouring Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, the tiny region over which a war was fought in the 1990s between Armenians and Azeris. Tensions over the mountainous enclave still pose a threat to peace in a region where pipelines take Caspian oil and natural gas to Europe. These concerns were underlined in an attempt to kill Paruyr Hayrikyan, 63, an outsider in the election. He was shot in the shoulder on January 31 in an incident which for a while threatened to force the vote to be delayed for two weeks. Another outsider in the race, Andrias Ghukasyan, has been on a hunger strike since the start of the campaign to press demands for Sarksyan’s candidacy to be annulled and for international observers to boycott the vote. A third candidate, Arman Melikyan, says he will not vote on Monday because he believes the election will be slanted in the president’s favour.—Reuters

Cyprus presidential polls NICOSIA—Cypriots went to the polls on Sunday to elect a president who must negotiate a financial rescue to save the island country from a bankruptcy that would reignite the euro zone debt crisis. The eastern Mediterranean nation’s worst economic crisis in four decades eclipsed its almost four-decade-old partition as the main issue in this year’s election, which conservative leader Nicos Anastasiades was tipped to win. Polls showed Anastasiades, the most probailout figure among the main presidential contenders, with a 15-point lead over his closest leftist rival, Stavros Malas that might even secure the outright majority needed to avoid a run-off a week later. An air of despondency about the country’s grim economic prospects hung over Greek Cypriots as they trickled to the polls. Results from over half a million votes expected to be cast were due by 1830 GMT. Election officials reported a low morning turnout in mild late-winter sunshine. Most early voters were elderly, dressed in their Sunday best and heading to church mass. “We don’t want to sign a bailout immediately without looking at the terms and conditions; we want something tolerable,” said Kyriakos Georgiou, a 73-year-old retired pharmacist. “We have an economic crisis but they can’t be grabbing us by the throat.” Investors are keen to see Anastasiades, 66, a lawyer who has led the Democratic Rally party since 1997, clinch victory and get working on a bailout deal with lenders immediately. He has pledged a quick agreement with the European Union and International Monetary Fund on a rescue, which investors want thrashed out before the island’s woes derail progress made in shoring up the rest of the euro zone’s periphery. “It is the survival of our country which is at stake,” Anastasiades said after voting in the port town of Limassol, accompanied by his three grandchildren. Nailing down a deal has proven tricky because almost any way of solving the crisis - from restructuring debt to slapping losses on banks - could set a precedent for other troubled states and damage sentiment just as confidence slowly returns to the euro zone.—Reuters

Congo peace pact on Feb 24

Pope blesses thousands at St Peter’s Square

V ATICAN C ITY —Pope Benedict XVI blessed the faithful from his window overlooking St. Peter’s Square for the first time since announcing his resignation, cheered by an emotional crowd of tens of thousands of well-wishers from around the world. Smiling broadly, Benedict raised his arms outstretched to the massive crowd in his second-to-last Angelus blessing before leaving the papacy. A huge banner in the square read: “We love you.” The Sunday noon appointment is one of the most cherished traditions of the Catholic Church, and this moment is one of Benedict’s last opportunities to connect with the Catholic masses. The pope’s voice was strong and clear as he looked into hazy sunshine over the square packed with at least 50,000 pilgrims, whom he ad-

dressed in Italian, English, French, German, Polish and Spanish. Benedict made no direct reference to his stunning decision to step down on Feb. 28. But in his comments to Spanish-speaking pilgrims he asked the faithful to “continue praying for me and for the next pope.” And he thanked the faithful for their “affection and spiritual closeness.” The crowd broke out into cheers and wild applause. The pope gave particular thanks to the “beloved inhabitants of the city of Rome,” a possible hint at the title he will take after retirement. The Vatican has suggested he may be called “emeritus bishop of Rome.” The traditional noon appointment normally attracts a few thousand pilgrims and tourists, but city officials prepared for a crush of people seeking to witness a moment of history.

“We wanted to wish him well,” said Amy Champion, a tourist from Wales. “It takes a lot of guts to take the job and even more guts ... to quit.” From Sunday evening, the pope will be out of the public eye for an entire week: A meditation service at the Vatican marks the beginning of the traditional Lenten period of reflection and prayer. Rome threw on extra buses and subway trains to help deal with the crowds, and offered free shuttle vans for the elderly and disabled. While cardinals elect his successor next month in a secrecy-steeped conclave in the Sistine Chapel, the 85-yearold Benedict, the first pontiff to resign in 600 years, will be in retreat at the Holy See’s summer estate in the hills southeast of Rome. After several weeks, he is expected to move into a monas-

Nato endorses Karzai’s civic sites bombing ban K ABUL —NATO will work Dunford said he would work out of Army Staff General Sher with the country’s defence leadership to implement a ban by President Hamid Karzai on Afghan forces using NATO air strikes in residential areas, the new NATO commander in Afghanistan, U.S. General Joseph Dunford, said on Sunday. Karzai announced on Saturday that he would issue a decree banning Afghan security forces from requesting NATO air strikes on “Afghan homes or villages”, following the deaths of 10 civilians in the eastern province of Kunar last Wednesday. The NATO air strike had been requested by Afghanistan’s intelligence agency, Karzai said on Saturday. In his first meeting with reporters since assuming command of NATO’s International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) a week ago, General

the details of how to implement Karzai’s order. “We got the broad guidance from the President, and we will work out the details in the coming days,” he said at the heavily guarded ISAF headquarters, several hundred meters from Karzai’s palace Karzai’s decree was expected to be issued on Sunday and paralleled a “tactical directive” issued by ISAF in June last year, which forbade international troops from using air strikes against insurgents “within civilian dwellings”, Dunford said. That directive was issued days after 18 civilians were killed during a NATO air strike in eastern Logar province. A meeting was planned between Dunford, Afghan Defence Minister Bismillah Khan Mohammadi and Afghan Chief

Mohammad Karimi later on Sunday to discuss the ban’s “technical aspects”, he said. NATO air strikes that cause civilian casualties have become a significant stress point in relations between Karzai and his international backers as the United States and Afghanistan enter negotiations about the size of the American presence once most international troops depart by the end of next year. The limiting of air strikes will place further pressure on the 352,000strong Afghan security forces as they assume security control from international forces. Foreign air power is crucial for Afghan forces in areas near Pakistan’s border, like Kunar and Nuristan, which are covered with forests and rough terrain, making ground operations difficult.—Reuters

Iran seizes Buddha statues from market

Masked intruders raid Greek gold mining company

flammable liquid to set alight UNITED NATIONS—A delayed U.N.-medi- T EHRAN —Buddha statues T HESSALONIKI —About 40 and ated peace deal aimed at ending two decades have joined Barbie dolls and masked attackers raided the facili- machinery, vehicles and contain-

of conflict in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is due to be signed in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on February 24, the United Nations said on Saturday. African leaders failed to sign the deal last month due to the concerns of some countries over who would command a new regional force that would deploy in eastern Congo and take on armed groups operating in the conflict-torn region. The socalled intervention brigade would be contained within the existing U.N. peacekeeping force in Congo, known as MONUSCO. U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon sent out invitations on Friday for the February 24 signing ceremony and intended to travel to Ethiopia for the event, his spokesman, Martin Nesirky, said. “All the invited presidents have committed to either be there or delegate power to sign,” Nesirky said. Rwandan Deputy U.N. AmbassadorThe so-called intervention brigade would be contained within the existing U.N. peacekeeping force in Congo, known as MONUSCO. U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon sent out invitations on Friday Olivier Nduhungirehe posted on Twitter that the “African Union, the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region, Southern African Development Community Chairs, as well as 10 Heads of States of the region will attend the signing ceremony.” Envoys have said that one of the main reasons the deal was not signed in January was that three countries in the 15-member Southern African Development Community regional bloc - South Africa, Tanzania and Mozambique - felt they did not have enough information on the enforcement brigade. The creation of an enforcement brigade within a U.N. peacekeeping mission is new for the United Nations, according to officials in the world body. Peace enforcement missions allow the use of lethal force in serious combat situations, while peacekeeping operations are intended to support and monitor an already existing ceasefire, diplomats and U.N. officials say.—Reuters

characters from “The Simpsons” TV cartoon as banned items in the conservative Muslim nation. Authorities are confiscating Buddha statues from shops in the Iranian capital, Tehran, to stop the promotion of Buddhism in the country, according to a report Sunday in the independent Arman daily. Iran has long fought against items, such as Barbie toys, to defuse Western influence, but this appears to be the first time that Iranian authorities are showing an opposition to symbols from the East. The newspaper quoted Saeed Jaberi Ansari, an official for the protection of Iran’s cultural heritage, as calling the Buddha statues symbols of “cultural invasion.” He said authorities will not permit a specific belief to be promoted through such items. Ansari did not say how many Buddhas had been seized, but that the “cleansing” would continue. Some Iranians buy Buddha’s statues to decorate their homes and cars.—AP

ties of a prospective gold mine in northern Greece overnight Sunday, setting machinery and offices alight, authorities said. There has long been vehement opposition to the prospect of a gold mine and processing plant being built at Skouries in the Halkidiki peninsula, with residents objecting to what they say will be the destruction of the environment and of pristine forest in the area, leading to the loss of tourism and other local activities such as farming, the rearing of livestock and fishing. The mining company, Hellas Gold, is 95 percent owned by Canadian mining company Eldorado Gold Inc. The Greek government has been eager for the foreign investment as it struggles through a deep financial crisis. But the dispute has led to frequent protests in the area, with tear gas and firebombs used and residents trading accusations with the company about heavy-handed reactions and the use of violence. In Sunday’s attack, firefighters and police said the intruders raided the facility after midnight, using gasoline bombs

ers used as offices, causing extensive damage. Police detained 27 people for questioning in a local police station early Sunday morning, they said. No arrests were immediately made. Authorities said one security guard employed by the company to guard the facilities sought treatment at a hospital after being kicked. The Skouries project is the latest in a complex of mining facilities in the area. Hellas Gold 95 percent owned by Eldorado Gold and the remaining 5 percent by Greek construction company Aktor holds mining licenses for an area covering 317 square kilometers (122 square miles) with proven and probable reserves of lead, zinc, silver, gold and copper. Many see the foreign investment as vital to helping Greece emerge from what is essentially a depression, with a quarter of the workforce unemployed and the economy heading into a sixth year of recession. Opponents also argue that unlike many other countries, the Greek state gets no royalties from mine concessions, so stands to gain only taxes and jobs.—Reuters

tery being refurbished for him behind Vatican City’s walls and lead a largely cloistered life. The Vatican hasn’t announced the date of the start of the conclave, but said on Saturday that it might start sooner than March 15, the earliest date it can be launched under current rules. Benedict would have to sign off on any earlier date, an act that would be one of the last of his nearly eight-year papacy. Meanwhile, the first cardinals started arriving in Rome to begin a period of intense politicking among the “princes of the church” to decide who are the leading candidates to be the next pope. Guinea-born Archbishop Robert Sarah, a cardinal who leads the Vatican’s charity office, told reporters when he arrived Sunday at Rome’s airport that the churchmen should select their new leader with “serenity and trust.”—Reuters

Israeli premier defends forces in prisoner scandal J ERUSALEM —Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is defending the actions of Israel’s security forces following a public uproar over the mysterious death of a man who apparently hanged himself while being held secretly in a maximum-security prison. Israel has said little about the case. But Australian media have said the man, identified as Ben Zygier, was an Australian immigrant to Israel who served in the Mossad spy agency at the time of his death two years ago. Zygier reportedly was imprisoned for unspecified security offenses. In his first comments on the affair, Netanyahu said he “completely trusts” Israel’s security forces and legal system.—AP

Bangladesh amends war crimes law, mulls banning Islamists DHAKA—Bangladesh’s parliament, meeting the demands of protesters thronging the capital, amended a law on Sunday allowing the state to appeal any verdict in war crimes trials it deems inadequate and out of step with public opinion. Tens of thousands of demonstrators jamming central Shahbag Square for the 13th day burst into cheers amid driving rain as the assembly approved the changes. The protesters have been demanding the death penalty for war crimes after a tribunal this month sentenced a prominent Islamist to life in prison in connection with Bangladesh’s 1971 war of independence from Pakistan. The life sentence pronounced on Abdul Quader Mollah, assistant Secretary General of the Jamaat-e-Islami party, for murder, rape and torture had stunned many Bangaldeshis. The amendment will “empower the tribunals to try and punish any organizations, including Jamaat-e-Islami, for committing crimes during country’s liberation war in 1971", Law Minister Shafique Ahmed said after the change was approved. Lawyers said the amendment sets a timetable for the government to appeal against Mollah’s sentence and secure a retrial.—Reuters

BAGHDAD—Several car bombs lined and unfairly targeted by exploded in Shi’ite Muslim neighborhoods across Iraq’s capital Baghdad on Sunday morning, killing at least 26 people in blasts that tore into shops, restaurants and busy commercial streets. No-one claimed responsibility for the attacks but Sunni Muslim insurgents have stepped up their operations since the beginning of the year in a bid to undermine the Shi’ite-led government and trigger deeper intercommunal fighting. One blast tore off shop fronts in Qaiyara district while another left the remains of a car and its twisted engine littered across a high street in the busy, commercial Karrada district packed with restaurants and shops. “I was buying an air conditioner and suddenly there was an explosion. I threw myself on the ground. Minutes later I saw many people around, some of them dead, others wounded,” said Habibiya district salesman Jumaa Kareem, his jacket spattered with blood. Sunday’s blasts followed the assassination of a senior Iraqi army intelligence officer on Saturday, the latest in a wave of suicide bombings since January. No one claimed responsibility for that attack. Many Iraq Sunnis feel they have been side-

security forces since the fall of Saddam Hussein and the rise of the country’s Shi’ite majority through the ballot box. Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki’s fragile power-sharing government, made up of Shi’ite, Sunni and ethnic Kurds, has been paralyzed by political infighting since American troops, who invaded the OPEC country to oust Saddam in 2003, withdrew more than a year ago. Violence is still far from the mass sectarian bloodletting that killed tens of thousands in 20062007, though insurgents have carried out at least one big attack a month since the last U.S. troops left. More than 10 suicide attackers have struck security forces, Shi’ite targets and a Sunni lawmaker since the start of January. In the most recent attacks, a suicide bomber killed the head of the army’s intelligence school on Saturday after storming his home in a northern town. Another suicide bomber killed 26 at a Shi’ite funeral at the start of the month. There are fears the war in neighboring Syria where Sunni rebels are fighting to oust President Bashar alAssad, an ally of Shi’ite Iran could further destabilize Iraq’s delicate sectarian and ethnic balance.—Reuters

Three Dagestan militants shot dead MOSCOW—Security officers shot dead three militants on Sunday in Russia’s volatile North Caucasus republic of Dagestan, the epicenter of an Islamist insurgency, local media reported. Russia has tightened security in the surrounding region less than a year ahead of the 2014 Winter Olympics, which it is planning to host on the western side of the Caucasus mountains, 1,000 km (620 miles) from Dagestan. RIa news agency said the militants were hiding in a wood and opened fire on security officers searching the area in the early hours of Sunday morning. “Three militants are killed. There are no injured among the law enforcement officials,” another agency, Interfax quoted the regional arm of Russia’s top

criminal investigative agency as saying. Moscow is struggling to quell the persistent Islamist insurgency more than a decade after it fought two separatist wars in the adjacent republic of Chechnya. Rights groups say the revolt is driven by a volatile mix of religion, corruption and grievances against the strong-arm tactics of some local leaders against suspected militants and their families. President Vladimir Putin, who rose to prominence by crushing the Chechen rebellion, has ordered Russian security forces to be on high alert to secure the 2014 Winter Olympics, due to be held in the Black Sea resort of Sochi in Krasnodar region, separated from the North Caucasus by three small states.—Reuters

Bomb kills 2 in Thai city, devices defused B ANGKOK — A bomb killed a police officer in Pattani told two people in southern Thailand on Sunday and police said they had defused other devices, apparently placed by Muslim separatists showing their capacity to strike despite a failed attack on a marine base last week. The insurgency in Thailand’s south by ethnic Malay separatists flared up in 2004 and more than 5,300 people have since been killed in the provinces of Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat. On Wednesday, in the deadliest incident in the area in nine years, up to 60 insurgents attacked a marine base in Narathiwat. However, the authorities had been tipped off and marines killed 16 of the assailants, with no loss of life among the military. That was seen as a setback for the rebels, although some analysts had warned it would make them more determined, and retaliation came quickly. “The bomb was hidden in a fruit basket placed by a clock tower in the city of Pattani. It killed two defense volunteers and injured a policeman. Another 10 people were slightly wounded,”

Reuters. The insurgents tried to set off bombs or start fires in nine other places in the city from early on Sunday, but the authorities thwarted those attempts “There was a tip-off from villagers that male insurgents disguised as Muslim women, with covered faces, had tried to put bombs in several places,” another police officer said. Wednesday’s death toll was the highest since security forces stormed the Krue Se mosque in 2004, killing 32 Muslims in a raid that intensified the insurgency. About 94 percent of the 1.7 million people in the three southernmost provinces are Muslim, the main religion in neighboring Malaysia. About 80 percent of them speak a Malay dialect, according to a 2010 survey by the Asia Foundation. The three provinces were part of an independent Malay sultanate until annexed by Thailand in 1909. Muslims in the rubber-rich area mostly oppose the presence of tens of thousands of soldiers backed by armed Buddhist guards.—Reuters

Gunmen shoot Sri Lanka investigative journalist COLOMBO—Unidentified gun- sination” of a journalist workmen shot and seriously wounded a Sri Lankan investigative journalist, colleagues and officials said on Saturday, prompting condemnation from the United Nations’ top human rights official. Three unidentified gunmen entered a guest house where Faraz Shaukatally, who works at the Sunday Leader, was staying, broke into his room and opened fire, police said. The journalist was on the telephone discussing a story to appear in this week’s edition when he was shot, Sunday Leader Editor Sakunthala Perera said. The attack occurred on Friday, the paper said in its online edition. U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay said she was deeply disturbed at the “attempted assas-

ing on a paper critical of the government. Britain also expressed serious concern at the shooting of the journalist, who holds joint British citizenship. Pillay, who called on Sri Lankan authorities this week to allow international experts to help resolve issues of alleged wartime crimes, said she would report her concern about extrajudicial killings, abductions and the suppression of freedom of expression to the Human Rights Council. “I’m deeply disturbed by this particular shooting because it’s a journalist and he’s attached to a newspaper which is known to be critical of the government, particularly on accountability and injustice issues,” she told Britain’s Channel 4 News.—Reuters

Azarenka takes perfect record into Qatar Open final D OHA —Victoria Azarenka, the only leading player in the world who remains unbeaten this year, impressively achieved her 13th successive win of 2013 to carry her defence of the Qatar Open title into the final. The top-seeded Belarussian did that with a 63, 6-3 win over Agnieszka Radwanska of Poland, a thumping result against the fourth best player in the world and one which could lead to back-to-back defence of titles. Azarenka successfully defended the Australian Open last month. It also indicated how much Azarenka has improved since winning that first Grand Slam title just over a year ago. On this evidence she is the world’s best player right now, even though she will lose the world number one ranking to Serena Williams on Monday. The American, due to play Maria Sharapova in the other semi-final, has been suffering from back and ankle injuries and a cold. Azarenka’s bombarding

CHOLISTAN: A view of Cholistan Jeep Rally organized by TDCP at Qila Derawar.

South Africa vs Pakistan 2nd Test

Pakistan beaten again after giving tough fight to Proteas CAPE TOWN—Pakistan lost the three-Test series after South Africa recorded their second consecutive win by four wickets here at the New Lands on Sunday. Chasing 182, South Africa completed their victory before the end of the fourth day, losing six wickets. For South Africa, Hashim Amla was the top scorer with 58 while off-break bowler Saeed Ajmal bagged four wickets for Pakistan. South Africa lead the series 2-0 with the third Test to be played at Centurion from February 22. Earliear, South Africa lost two second innings wickets but were on target for a series-clinching win after a dramatic Pakistan collapse on the fourth day of the second Test at Newlands here on Sunday. South Africa, set 182 to win, were 66 for two at tea. Pakistan were bowled out for 169 after starting the day on a relatively comfortable 100 for three. They lost their last six wickets for 22 runs on either side of lunch. At one stage four wickets fell in 13 balls, including three off successive deliveries. The collapse was engineered by left-arm spinner Robin Peterson and opening bowler Vernon Philander, who took three wickets each before Dale Steyn finished off the Pakistan innings. Peterson finished with three for 73 and Philander took four for 40. South Africa lost Alviro Petersen ten runs into their chase, when he was leg before wicket to Umar Gul for

Pakistan 1st innings:3 3 8 S Africa 1st innings: 3 2 6 Pakistan 2nd innings: Hafeez lbw b Steyn ......... 0 Jamshed lbw b Philander 0 Azhar Ali b Philander ... 65 Younis Khan b Steyn ... 14 Misbah c Smith b Peterson ...................... 44 Asad Shafiq b Philander19 Sarfraz b Peterson ........... 5 Tanvir not out ................ 10 Umar Gul c Petersen b Philander ....................... 0 Saeed Ajmal b Peterson . 4 Irfan c Petersen b Steyn . 2 Extras: (lb 2, w 4) ............. 6 Total: (all out) .............. 169 Fall of wickets 1-0, 2-7, 3-45, 4-114, 5-147, 6-152, 7-152, 8152, 9-158, 10-169 Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W Steyn ................ 18.3-5-38-3

one. Captain Graeme Smith and Hashim Amla put on 53 for the second wicket before Smith was leg before to Saeed Ajmal for 29 shortly before tea. Pakistan made slow but solid progress at the start of the day, seeing off the threat of fast bowlers Philander and

Dale Steyn. But they had only added 14 runs in 8.2 overs to their overnight total of 100 for three when captain Misbahul-Haq top-edged a sweep against left-arm spinner Peterson and was caught by Smith at short fine leg for 44. Azhar Ali and Asad Shafiq added 33 for the fifth

Tanvir Ahmed and Saeed Ajmal lasted until lunch, which was taken at 157 for eight. Ajmal was bowled by Peterson, attempting a sweep, before Mohammad Irfan fended a short ball from Steyn to gully. South Africa were without fast bowler Morne Morkel, who left the field

PTV clinch Shahid Shaheed hockey tourney I SLAMABAD —PTV Hockey team won 21st Shahid Shaheed All Pakistan Hockey tournament by beating Gojra Club in the final 2-1 at Shorkot. According to a press release issued here, Waqas Butt of PTV scored the first goal on plenty corner and Muhammad Manzoor doubled the lead by scoring excellent a goal on the pass of left out. Tariq Aziz Olympian scored the only goal from Gojra Club. Managing Director PTV Yousaf Baig Mirza, President PTV Sports Cell Asad Ahmed Jaspal, Head of Sports Channel, Ali Waheed Kazam and Sports Officer Arif Qureshi congratulated the team management on winning the national tournament.—APP

PAF lifts National Ski Championship SPORTS REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The Pakistan Air

CAPE TOWN: Hashim Amla plays an attacking stroke during South Africa vs Pakistan in 2nd Test on Sunday. wicket before Shafiq was un- with a hamstring injury on lucky to see a defensive Saturday, but Peterson stroke against Philander bowled accurately for all but Philander ............ 19-6-40-4 bounce up and then back on two overs from the Kelvin Grove end, enabling Smith to Morkel ................. 3.1-0-8-0 to his stumps. Peterson ............. 29-8-73-3 The wicket fell five overs use Philander and Steyn in Kallis .................... 5.5-2-8-0 after the umpires called for a short bursts. Philander, who took five South Africa 2nd innings: replacement ball after the Petersen lbw b Umar Gul 1 original ball went out of for 59 in the first innings, had match figures of nine for 99. Smith lbw b Saeed Ajmal29 shape. The tall Irfan was given Amla b Saeed Ajmal ...... 58 Peterson bowled Sarfraz Kallis lbw b Saeed .......... 21 Ahmed, who padded up to a the new ball by Pakistan and AB de Villiers b Tanvir . 36 ball pitched outside leg gave Petersen a torrid time. He unsuccessfully F du Plessis lbw b Saeed 15 stump, with the last ball of D Elgar not out .............. 11 the next over. Philander then sought a review after umpire RJ Peterson not out ........ 1 took wickets with the first two Steve Davis turned down a Extras: (b 5, nb 5) ........... 10 balls of the following over. leg before wicket appeal. The Total: (6 wickets) ......... 182 A long vigil by Azhar Ali replays showed the ball Fall of wickets: 1-10, 2-63, 3- ended when he edged an pitched on and was striking 88, 4-150, 5-168, 6-180 outswinger to wicketkeeper the outside of leg stump in Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W AB de Villiers. Ali made 65 off the ‘umpire’s call’ area. Irfan ..................... 10-1-35-0 193 balls with seven fours. There was more frustration Umar Gul ............... 8-0-46-1 Umar Gul edged the next ball for Irfan when Petersen was Saeed Ajmal .... 18.1-2-51-4 and Alviro Petersen flung caught at mid-on, only for the Hafeez ................... 2-1-11-0 himself to his left at third slip bowler to be no-balled after Tanvir Ahmed ...... 5-0-34-1 to take a spectacular catch. a television replay.—AFP

ground strokes have more angles and more variety than they did, she is more willing to come to the net and more effective there, and mentally she is more solid.

Azarenka broke Radwanska in the opening game, and although she lost the advantage she made the second, more crucial break soon afterwards.—AFP

New Zealand vs England 1st ODI

McCullum, injured Guptill seal thrilling New Zealand win H A M I LT O N —Captain Brendon McCullum led New Zealand to a dramatic threewicket win over England with heroic support from an injured Martin Guptill in the one-day international in Hamilton on Sunday. The game seemed beyond New Zealand’s grasp when they were reduced to 218 for seven as they chased England’s 258 all out. With two players injured, they needed 41 runs off the last 25 balls with effectively one wicket in hand. But Guptill, who had earlier retired with a hamstring strain when he had three runs to his name, hobbled out of the tunnel to provide a vital boost. With limited mobility, he stood his ground and clouted four fours and a six while McCullum continued to blaze away at the other end to get New Zealand home with seven balls to spare. Guptill finished on 27 with 24 of his runs coming from the 10 deliveries he faced on his return to the crease. McCullum, who pulled New Zealand into contention after they slipped well behind the required run rate in the early stages of their innings, was unbeaten on 69 from 61 deliveries. But he played down his performance and directed praise to Guptill. “He was obviously incredibly disappointed to pull up lame with that injury, and we’ll assess him tomorrow to see where he’s at. “But his striking ability at the end certainly helped us and he showed some real fighting characteristics as well, and I was reallly pleased

for him that he was able to hit the winning runs.” England captain Alastair Cook said his side needed a score of 280-290 to be competitive. “I think we lost eight wickets in the last 15 or 16 overs and you can’t really do that if you’re going to build a real big score,” he said. “But credit to the way Brendon (McCullum) played at the end. It was even stevens until the last six or seven overs and he took the game away from us.”The win was New Zealand’s fifth consecutive ODI victory over England and put them 1-0 up in the three-match series. England, sent into bat first, produced a carefully crafted start to their innings and were poised for a final onslaught when they reached

220 for four in the 44th over. But when the big hitting was required, England lost their last six wickets for 38 runs in the space of 37 deliveries. Ian Bell, Jonathan Trott and Joe Root, who all missed the recently concluded Twenty20 series won by England 2-1, were the chief architects of the solid start to the innings. After the early departure of Cook, Bell and Trott put on 84 for the second wicket in their first innings of the tour before Bell was out for 64 when he edged James Franklin to wicketkeeper McCullum. Trott recovered from a slow start to reach 68 before he was bowled by Kyle Mills after adding 89 with Root for the third wicket. Root went on to make 56.—AFP

England innings: Cook b McClenaghan .... 4 Bell c McCullum b Franklin64 J. Trott b Mills ............... 68 J. Root b Franklin .......... 56 Morgan c Guptill b Mills 1 Buttler b McClenaghan 21 Woakes b Ellis ............... 17 Broad b McClenaghan ... 1 Swann b Franklin .......... 16 Finn b McClenaghan ...... 0 Anderson not out ........... 0 Extras: (lb 4, w 5, nb 1) .. 10 Total: (all out) .............. 258 Fall of wickets: 1-11, 2-95, 3184, 4-190, 5-220, 6-222, 7229, 8-247, 9-248, 10-258 Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W Mills .................... 10-2-32-2 McClenaghan ... 9.4-0-56-4 Ellis ...................... 10-0-67-1 N. McCullum ...... 10-0-42-0 Franklin .............. 6.3-0-38-3

Williamson ........ 2.2-0-12-0 Elliott ....................... 1-0-7-0 New Zealand innings: B. Watling b Anderson .. 2 M. Guptill not out ......... 27 Williamson run out ....... 74 Taylor c Finn b Woakes 22 Elliott b Woakes ............ 22 B. McCullum not out .... 69 Franklin c Buttler b Finn 3 N. McCullum lbw Swann14 A. Ellis c Finn b Broad . 13 Extras: (lb 7, w 6) ........... 13 Total: (7 wickets) ......... 259 Fall of wickets: 1-2, 2-75, 3124, 4-142, 5-155, 6-186, 7218 Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W Anderson ............. 9-1-36-1 Finn ..................... 10-0-54-1 Broad ................. 9.5-0-56-1 Woakes ............... 10-0-52-2 Swann ................. 10-0-54-1

Force defeated Pak Army in the National Ski Championship and Shah Khan Ski Cup was lifted by Gilgit-Baltistan Scouts. The Chief of the Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt was the Chief Guest on concluding ceremony of 21st National Ski Championship and distributed prizes among the winners. More than 50 athletes, representing 09 Ski associations from all over the country contested for awards in this exhilarating extreme sport for three days. The chief guest in his speech, after the ceremony, commended the efforts of Ski Federation of Pakistan for arranging this exciting sport for young Pakistani enthusiasts. At the same time, he advised the winners of the competitions to uphold the momentum of their winning spree and should not rest on their laurels. He further said that demonstrating such an excellent standard of skiing in the country without appropriate ski infrastructure and facilities depicts that there is no dearth of talent in Pakistan. It is pertinent to mention that two new events i. e. Inter-Services Ski Championship and Chief of the Air Staff Open Championship have been added in the Ski Calendar for the first time in Winter Season-2013. The Air Chief, who is also the Patron-in-Chief SFP, assured that PAF and Ski Federation would provide budding skiers with all possible training and infrastructure fa- NALTAR: Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt, Chief of the Air Staff awarding 21st National Ski Championship Trophy to PAF Ski team. cilities within means.

Sugar may be bad, but this sweetener is far more deadly


2009 study from University of Cali fornia, Davis takes its place in a grow ing lineup of scientific studies demonstrating that consuming high-fructose corn syrup is the fastest way to trash your health. It is now known without a doubt that sugar in your food, in all it’s myriad of forms, is taking a devastating toll. And fructose in any form — including high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) and crystalline fructose — is the worst of the worst! Fructose, a cheap sweetener usually derived from corn, is used in thousands of food products and soft drinks. Excessive fructose consumption can cause metabolic damage and triggers the early stages of diabetes and heart disease, which is what the Davis study showed. Dr. Richard Johnson also does a fabulous job of comprehensively reviewing this important topic in his new book The Fat Switch. In the study, over the course of 10 weeks, 16 volunteers on a controlled diet including high levels of fructose produced new fat cells around their heart, liver and other digestive organs. They also showed signs of food-processing abnormalities linked to diabetes and heart disease12. Another group of volunteers on the same diet, but with glucose sugar replacing fructose, did not have these problems. Fructose is a major contributor to: If you received your fructose only from vegetables and fruits (where it originates) as most people did a century ago, you’d consume

about 15 grams per day — a far cry from the 73 grams per day the typical adolescent gets from sweetened drinks. In vegetables and fruits, it’s mixed in with fiber, vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and beneficial phytonutrients, all which moderate any negative metabolic effects. It isn’t that fructose itself is bad — it is the MASSIVE DOSES you’re exposed to that make it dangerous. There are two reasons fructose is so damaging: Your body metabolizes fructose in a much different way than glucose. The entire burden of metabolizing fructose falls on your liver. People are consuming fructose in enormous quantities, which has made the negative effects much more profound. Today, 55 percent of sweeteners used in food and beverage manufacturing are made from corn, and the number one source of calories in America is soda, in the form of HFCS. Food and beverage manufacturers began switching their sweeteners from sucrose (table sugar) to corn syrup in the 1970s when they discovered that HFCS was not only far cheaper to make, it’s about 20% sweeter than table sugar. HFCS is either 42% or 55% fructose, and sucrose is 50% fructose, so it’s really a wash in terms of sweetness. Without getting into the very complex biochemistry of carbohydrate metabolism, it is important to understand some differences about how your body handles glucose versus fructose.

KARACHI: Chief Election Commissioner Justice (R) Fakhruddin G. Ibrahim taking keen interest in paintings of Rashid Rana at Mohatta Palace.

Justice (R) Fakhruddin inaugurates exhibition of Rashid’s work K ARACHI — Justice (Retd.) this exhibition will be a cool What are his sources of income. Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim inaugurated exhibition Labyrinth of Reflections The Art of Rashid Rana 1992 – 2012 on Sunday at Mohatta Palace Museum. While inaugurating the exhibition Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim said this exhibition would be a significant event in the evolution of contemporary art in Pakistan. The present position of Rashid Rana in the world art is the testimony of his talent, throughout his career as a visual artist Rana has been engaged with ideas that are relevant to reality. Justice (R) Fakhruddin said that the city of Karachi is passing through difficult times while

breeze which will provide the citizens relief from their tensions. Such events help in appreciating the fine arts and bringing a positive change in social behaviours of the masses. While talking about forthcoming elections he said, there will be no future if elections are not held on time, we have made mistakes in the past but now we are working 18 hours a day for free and fair elections. The change is eminent, he said adding “Don’t see which party is represented by whom just vote for good people. Ask you candidate whether he has paid taxes.

What the old MPs did previously. I tell the Pakistanis don’t lose hope let’s learn from our mistakes.” The exhibition was curated by Hameed Haroon, Nasreen Askari and Naazish Ata-ullah. This much awaited exhibition of contemporary art is the first retrospective survey of Rashid Rana’s artistic career in Pakistan. Rashid Rana is an artist of the new millennium, a new age artist in every sense, who traverses the media of painting, photography and video installations to make innovative and evocative imagery. —NNI

KARACHI: Activists of Majlis Wahdat-e-Muslimeen protesting against Quetta blast which killed 84 persons.

Altaf for action against terrorists STAFF REPOETER KARACHI—The founder and leader of Muttahida Qaumi Movement Altaf Hussain has demanded the government to arrest the terrorists responsible for the devastating blast on the Kirani road in Quetta. He regretted that no action was taken against the terrorists and demanded an end to the organized killings of the people of the Hazara community. Altaf said that no action was taken against the terrorists who had carried out the deadly blast on the Alamdar Road in Quetta despite all the assurances gives by the government. More than 80 innocent people, including women and children, perished in the massive blast on the Kirani road and over 200 are fighting for their lives in hospitals. He said it was highly unfortunate that no action was so far taken against the terrorists who had created devastation on such a large scale.

Reception for foreign delegates

Quetta blast protesters torch 2 vehicles

Closure of US Consulate in Balochistan demanded IRFAN ALIGI KARACHI—Majlis-e-Wahdate-Muslimeen’s general secretary Maulana Sadiq Raza Taqvi while addressing the participants of the protest rally demanded government to shut the American consulate in Balochistan down as American consulate is involved in terrorism. Earlier, Jafaria Alliance Pakistan’s chief Allama Abbas Kumaili at a press conference held at his residence said that the government and law enforcement agencies have completely been failed to control the terrorism, adding that Millat-e-Jafaria will now approach United Nations to curb terrorism, however, he insisted for the military de-

ployment and operation in Quetta. Protestors here in the city had torched vehicles Sunday and life was partially paralysed in certain areas of the city. Numaish area, which was the junction of the city remained disturbed. The disturbance at Numaish Chowrangi caused traffic gridlocks in different parts of the city due to heavy tidal flow of vehicles that were divereted. Other areas that were also badly disturbed were Ancholi, Rizvia Society area, Malir and Abbas Town. The protestors had torched two vehicles near Guru Mandir Chowrangi and another at Malir The protests also attacked people in their private cars and in buses. They

Investment, Pakistan and Oxford University Press hosted a reception at the British Deputy High Commission Sunday, in honour of the international authors and other delegates that are visiting Karachi to attend the 4th Karachi Literature Festival. The annual Karachi Literature Festival is the first of its kind in Pakistan, it brings together and celebrates Pakistani and international authors writings in diverse languages. It features creative writing workshops, debates, discussions, lectures, mushairah, a book fair, book launches, readings, signings, and more. The 4th Karachi Literature Festival, held at Beach Luxury hotel, Karachi from, February A Children’s Literature Festival.

STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Pakistan Muslim League (F) was the real political party in opposition in the Sindh Assembly. Now Muttahidda Qaumi Movement (MQM) had a day earlier announced to also sit on opposition benches in the provincial assembly. However, it would be hard to understand that MQM had in actual become the opposition party in the assembly and if they wanted the PML-F to believe they have indeed decided to sit on opposition benches then they had to accept PML-F lawmaker in the provincial assembly Nusrat Saher Abbasi as the leader of opposition and should ask Sindh Governor Dr Ishrat ul Ebad Khan, who is from MQM to tender his

resignation. Then the PML-F would also respond to MQM and would endorse their position as the political party on opposition benches in the provincial assembly. PML-F leader Imtiaz Shaikh said this while addressing a press conference at his residence Sunday eveining. He said that the Governors of four provinces that were from political parties had to resign prior to holding of coming general elections in the country because the elections amid their presence would never be free, fair and transparent. It was now MQM’s turn to prove that their stance was clear from all ambiguities as regards to their claims for being an opposition party in real. PML-F lawmaker Nusrar

Pythons smuggled from US shifted to Karachi Zoo STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Twenty-nine pythons that were confiscated by Pakistan Customs were shifted to Karachi Zoological Garden from Karachi International Airport Sunday morning. The Pythons were imported from the United States of America and were being declared as endangered species. The largest Python was 17-feet long and one was 12 feet while the rest were rather young and smaller. Pakistan Customs Additional Collector Muhammad Yaqoob Mako handed the Pythons to the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) Administrator Muhammad

Hussain Syed. The KMC Administartor while talking to the media persons at the Airpor said that the Pythons shifted to Karachi Zoological garden were listed among those reptiles that were facing fast elimination and were thus declared endangered species. Henceforth, the KMC had taken special steps for the protection and care of those Pythons and for that purpose, a veterinary had been deputed at the Zoo, who woppuld look after those Pythons with regard to their health, feeding needs and routine medical examinations. He said that the KMC would construct special reptile cages for keeping the Pythons in them. He

Qaim announces mourning over Quetta killings

MQM should prove to be a real opposition party: Imtiaz Shaikh


also fired straight at the vehicles to stop them to enter in the protests and rallies’ sites. A heavy contingent of Police and Rangers was deployed in different areas of the city including the affected areas but Police and rangers could not protect the vehicles from getting set ablaze and nuisance die to traffic gridlocks. Four people including a traffic police constable, Nazeer, were injured when unidentified persons resorted indiscriminate firing near Liaquatabad No. 10 during the funeral procession of a young shia man, Hassan Naqvi, 23, son of Ibne Safdar who was shot dead by armed men in Paposh Nagar area on KARACHI—Sindh Chief MinSaturday night. ister Syed Qaim Ali Shah has strongly condemned the bomb blast in Quetta and announced a day of mourning across the Sindh province on Sunday. In a statement, he expressed deep grief and sorrow over the lossof life in the terrorist incident. He said terrorists cannot demoralise the nation. Saher Abbasi had the right to He expressed condolences perform as the leader of oppo- with the heirs of the victims and sition in the provincial assem- ordered immediate steps for the bly and MQM had to endorse treatment of the injured. her position,if they are in opSindh Information Minister position, said Shaikh adding Sharjeel Inam Memon, and that the PML-F had already CM’s Special Assistants Rashid moved court on the issue and Rabbani and Waqar Mehdi also the court had directed the condemned the Quetta blast and Speaker Sindh Assembly to expressed sorrow over the loss announce name of the leader of of life in the incident.—NNI opposition in ten days, which were nearing the deadline but the Speaker had deliberately making delay in the matter. MQM had a big challenge ahead to dispel the idea of friendly opposition as they had to manifest their stance prag- KARACHI— An exhilarating matically and in that regard three-day Indo-Pak Fusion Exthey only had one choice that hibition concluded in Karachi they should accept Abbasi as the other day. Leading internathe leader of Opposition, com- tional designers Ayesha Hashim mented Shaikh. khan, Sam Seid and Bubble Sabarwal used the occasion to launch their brand “V Collections.” V Collections brings together fashion designers from both Pakistan and India. The colourful event was hosted at the Wah Villa House. visitors had witnessed the Py- The initiative was meant to celthons at the Zoo, which was ebrate great talent and craft from rather an exaggerated figure just both countries and provide opin a day and was in contrast to portunities for fashion de-signers of Pakistan and India for colthe capacity of the Zoo. It is pertinent to mention laboration in international marthat the USA had already im- kets. The designer duo of Sam posed ban on trade of the Pythons, being endangered spe- Seid and Bubble Sabarwal have cies. However, some local conducted various exhibitions in traders had smuggled them to India, Dubai, Dhaka, SwitzerPakistan and Pakistan Cus- land, and the USA. Considered toms had confiscated them on pioneers of block printing, their failure to produce legal docu- design philosophy is: Style is a ments for the import opf the Woman’s Soul. Indo-Pak Fusion Pythons by the traders. Later, is supported by VII Gates Ark Pakistan Customs that had no Foundation, an Islamabad-based facility to keep the Pythons NGO, which has been working had decided to deliver them to for the cause of humanity in arthe KMC for keeping them in eas of women and youth empowerment, social uplift and sustaincaptivity at the Zoo. able development.— NNI

was on the opinion that the import of animals and reptiles of endangered species had added to the glory of the Zoo and the visitors would get amusements to be closer to them. He said that the KMC would ensure full implementation of existing wild life laws as regards to keeping the animals and reptile at the zoo in captivity. The KMC Administrator said that there was no special arrangement required for keeping the Pythons in captivity at the Zoo and it was less important to tell about the price of the Pythons but it was more important to save them from being evanesced. The KMC Administrator claimed that more than 30, 000

Pakistan, India exhibition concludes


Women with eating disorders draw a different picture of themselves than women without


OMEN suffering from anorexia or bulimia draw themselves with prominently different characteristics than women who do not have eating disorders and who are considered of nor-

mal weight. This has been revealed in a new joint study from the University of Haifa, Soroka University Medical Center and Achva Academic College, Israel, published in The Arts in Psychotherapy. “The results of this study show that women suffering or prone to developing eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia, can be diagnosed with a simple and non-intrusive self-figure drawing assessment,” explained Prof. Rachel Lev-Wiesel, Head of the Graduate School of Creative Art Therapies at the university of Haifa and a co-author of the study. The research, conducted by Prof. Lev-Wiesel alongside Dr. Jonathan Guez, Shimrit Valetsky, Dr. Diego Kruszewski Sztul and Dr. Bat-Sheva Pener, examined 76 women, 36 of whom had been diagnosed as anorexic or bulimic; 20 had no eating disorders but were overweight, and 20 had no eating disorders and were considered normal weight. Each of the participants completed two standardized questionnaires for screening eating disorders and were then asked to draw themselves. Besides being asked to draw themselves, no guidelines or limitations were set for the draw-

ing. The research team then evaluated the drawings and found various differences between the groups in four aspects: The neck: women suffering from anorexia or bulimia tended to draw a larger neck, a disconnected neck or no neck at all; The mouth: this feature was more emphasized in drawings by women suffering from anorexia or bulimia; The thighs: women with eating disorders drew wider thighs than the other groups in the study; The feet: women with eating disorders tended to draw pictures without feet or with disconnected feet. The study also revealed that self-figure drawings can differentiate between anorexic and bulimic women: those with anorexia tended to omit breasts from their drawings, drew less defined body lines and smaller figures relative to the page size. In order to assess the reliability of the drawing test, the more pronounced results were compared with the two standardized eating disorders screening tests, and a very strong correlation was found between all the tests. “Women suffering from eating disorders usually tend to hide their condition, even from their professional therapists. They often find it difficult to talk about their problem, so a nonverbal and non-intrusive tool such as a simple request for a self-figure drawing can become an important tool in creative art therapy,” explained Prof. Lev-Wiesel.

YDA team pay tributes to Shahbaz STAFF REPORTER L A H O R E —The delegation of Young Doctors Association (YDA) during a meeting with Punjab Chief Minister, Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif paid rich tributes to him over his efforts and steps taken for the welfare of doctors, nurses, paramedical staff and uplift of health sector. Dr. Nasir Abbas of YDA expressing his views said that we are sitting before a kind father who is angry over our wrong attitude and we apologize for it. Punjab government has taken unprecedented steps for the welfare of young doctors. He said that we wanted to shower flower petals on Shahbaz Sharif and seek his apology and we had this opportunity today. He said that Shahbaz Sharif is a kind hearted man and we will do whatever he will ask for the service to the ailing humanity. Dr. Hamid Butt said that the attitude of Shahbaz Sharif is more than that of a kind father, which we have realized. He said that they are not strike mongers and do not want to go on strike. He said that they want to get prayers of the people by serving the ailing humanity. Dr. Usman Dar said that Shahbaz Sharif is a very kind person and has taken historic steps for the welfare of the poor people. He said that the policies of the Chief Minister for the development of health sector were based on sincerity. He said that we will work jointly with Punjab government sincerely for providing best medical facilities to the people and improvement of health system and reiterated that they will not go on strike in future.

600 accused arrested in crackdown

LAHORE: Activists of Majlis Wahdat-e-Muslimeen chanting slogans during a demonstration against Quetta blast of Saturday outside Punjab Governor House.

Govt fully conscious of prioritizing health, education sectors: Shahbaz SALIM AHMED

L AHORE —Punjab Chief Minister, Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that Punjab government has utilized billions of rupees during the last four and half years for the development of health sector and provision of modern treatment facilities to the patients. He said that the salaries of young doctors have been increased substantially while reforms have been introduced in the service structure of doctors. He said that new hospitals and medical colleges have been set up and now it is the responsibility of doctors to serve the ailing humanity with commitment and dedication. He expressed these views while addressing a high level meeting at Model Town. Senator Pervaiz Rasheed,

Special Assistant Khawaja Salman Rafique, Dr. Saeed Elahi, Secretary Health, Vice Chancellors of medical universities, principals of various teaching hospitals, medical superintendents, senior professors and physicians were present. Improvement of healthcare system was discussed in detail during the meeting. The chief minister said that Punjab government has made tireless efforts for the uplift of education and health sectors as well as improvement of law and order and solid measures have been taken for this purpose so that modern educational and health facilities could be available to the masses. He said that doctors belong to a sacred profession as they served the ailing humanity. He said that Punjab government has provided free

medicines to the poor and deserving patients in government hospitals. He said that air-conditioners have been installed in general wards for the benefit of poor patients at a cost of two billion rupees. He said that a 410-bed hospital is in the final stages of completion in Bahawalpur while cardiac surgery has been started in Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology. He said that this state-of-the-art hospital is even better than Punjab Institute of Cardiology. He said that new hospitals are being constructed in Sargodha and Lodhran while a kidney centre is being built in Multan. He said that the efforts being made by Punjab government for the provision of health facilities to the people are not a favour to them but it is their right. He stressed upon senior doctors

L AHORE —Liaquatabad po-

LAHORE: Students buying bar-be-cue items during the annual funfair of Queen Marry College.

Muslims urged to promote peace STAFF REPORTER L AHORE—Muslims all over the world must work for promotion of fraternity and brotherhood to live with dignity and peace. These views were expressed by Nazim-e-Aala Jamia Naeemia, Maulana Raghib Hussain Naeemi after returning from Lebanon on Sunday. Red Crescent had arranged the 15-day visit during which he delivered lectures, held meetings with international personalities and attended important gather-

ings. Maulana Naeemi further said that Islam means peace and it teaches peace and said that all of its followers are brothers. He said Muslims should ignore all types of differences among them like colour, creed, race and sect and work to restore the glory of Islam in the world. He said the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) must be strengthened and urged all Muslim countries to play their role for this purpose. He said that anti-Islam

elements would keep on killing Muslims by using sectarianism and other negative techniques until Muslims shun their differences and get united. Raghib also condemned killings in Balochistan and other parts of the country. He demanded strict action against people involved in killing innocent people. Meanwhile, Pakistan Sunni Forum urged all religious parties and groups in the country to forge unity among their ranks to restore peace in Quetta and other parts of the country.

lice arrested 600 accused of dacoity, robbery and other crimes during a drive. Talking to APP here Sunday, SHO Liquatabad police station Peerzada Idrees Qureshi said police under the supervision of SP Model Town Owais Malik had launched the drive on the directions of DIG Operations Rai Tahir Hussain and CCPO Amjad Javed Saleemi. He said 16 robbers of four gangs were nabbed and 30 monocycles, five cars, three rickshaws, 50 cell phones, gold ornaments, cash and other valuables were seized. Police arrested 66 drug pushers and seized 1,460kg hashish, 1,195 bottles of liquor and other items, he LAHORE: A large number of passengers lined up to board recently started Metro Bus added. About 33 pistols on the last day of its free service for public on Sunday. and 163 rounds were recovered from 33 accused in the crackdown while 113 gamblers were arrested.—APP

‘Resource Room’ for special students soon STAFF REPORTER LAHORE —The state of the art “Resource Room” for blind, deaf, dumb and physically disabled students will be set up a main library of the Punjab University. It was announced here Sunday by Vice Chancellor Punjab University Prof Dr Mujahid Karam while speaking at a luncheon hosted by him for special students at Executive Club. He said that he always attached great importance to the quick welfare and betterment of all students especially special students. He urged them to keep themselves engrossed in studies and contribute their

shares towards nation building. He said that all varsity resources are at the disposal of special students and all deans, chairmen, directors and principals of affiliated constituent colleges have been directed to extend whole hearted co-operation with them for pursuing higher studies. Regarding construction of bath rooms and toilets for special students at hostels and faculties, he said that he had already directed Resident Officer to conduct survey and prepare feasibility report on top priority for approval. VC also directed the Chief Librarian PU

Chaudhary Muhammad Hanif who was also present on the occasion to make arrangements for setting up of resource room fully equipped with modern IT network where special students could take full benefit of the latest books and other relevant material for higher studies. Sarfraz Ahmad Khan, a M.Phill student of Special Education Department PU in his vote of thanks, highly appreciated the historic services being rendered by the VC for provision of free education to all special students upto PhD besides free hostel and transport facilities in addition to grant of needy scholarships.

Director, Institute of Education Research, Dr Mumtaz Akhtar, patron-inchief special students PU Dr Waqar Chaudhary, chairperson, Special Education Department Humara Asif Bano also present on the occasion. Muhammad Nadeem Malik,a blind student of Urdu Department and Madiha Arshad of Zoology Department jointly announced that a musical evening will be held in the second week of next month followed by a dinner where only regular special students will perform while Chief Librarian PU Chaudhary Hanif announce to bear all the expenses.

849 convicts weaving carpets in jail factory

L AHORE —A total of 849 convicts undergoing various terms of sentences are weaving carpets and manufacturing “Niwar” in Central Jail,Kotlakhpat factory. Superintendent Central Jail, Ishtiq Gill told APP here Sunday that a total of 3559 prisoners are housed in jail against sanctioned strength of only 1053 of which 849 convicts work daily in different sections of the factory. He said that 307 skilled convicts are engaged in carpet manufacturing and 45 in roll making while 130 are learning the art of carpet weaving. He said that 116 convicts are involved in “Niwar” manufacturing and 8 in cone making process. He said that those working in various sections of the jail factory are entitled to five days remission in a month and those working even on Sunday get six days. The

convicts who perform duty at roti plant secured seven days remission. Ishtiaq Gill said that one whole time Deputy Superintendent Jail, Assistant Superintendent of Jail and one Chief Head Warder along with other force have been deployed in factory. He said that output of each and every convict is monitored daily and any inmate showing zero performance is not entitled to remission. He said that an educated convict who teaches other convicts and under trial prisoners in jail during his confinement gets 8 days special remission in a month. He said according to jail manual, only highly qualified convicts showing better behaviour and exhibiting excellent discipline are engaged for imparting basic teaching to illiterate convicts and under trial prisoners. He said that 65 prisoners

teachers are also contributing towards education of convicts. The 18 convicts undergoing various terms of sentences are memorizing the Holy Quran by heart under the supervision of highly qualified religious teachers and will be awarded two years special remission on its successful completion. Ishtiaq Gill said that on the special directive of Inspector General of Prisons Punjab, Mian Farooq Nazeer, the services of the highly qualified religious teachers have been acquired who teach convicts daily and impart religious education to other participants in Dars-e-Nizami and Quran Nazra classes. He said on the special directive of prisons chief, healthy cow and chickens are slaughtered in jail premises under the supervision of jail doctor and on duty Assistant Superintendent Jail.

to spare no effort in the service of ailing humanity and ensure provision of free medicines on priority basis to poor and deserving patients. He directed that maintenance of discipline and performance of duties in a professional manner should be ensured in hospitals and senior doctors will have to discharge their responsibilities in a more active manner for this purpose. Senior doctors presented various proposals for the improvement of healthcare system.

POA pays rich tributes to Prof Z.K. Kazi L AHORE—Pakistan Orthopaedic Association Sunday paid rich tributes to late Prof Z.K. Kazi for rendering excellent services for imparting modern teaching skills and operation techniques to orthopaedic surgeons in the country. Addressing a condolence reference held at Medical Tower here, President POA Dr. Abubakar and Secretary General, Dr. Mazhar Iqbal Chaudhary said that Prof Kazi who died recently at Karachi at the age of 90 was the pioneer in the orthopaedic surgery in Pakistan and was considered authority in the subject as he produced thousands of medical teachers who are further imparting their rich knowledge to future generation in almost of 127 medical colleges and thousands of teaching hospitals across the country. Dr. Mazhar Iqbal Chaudhary said that the meritorious services of late Dr. Kazi would be remembered for ever in the history of all of medical colleges. He said that his contributions towards promotion of modern operation procedure were not only widely lauded in Pakistan but also in entire south asia. The vacuum created after his sad demise, can not be filled. The office bearers of POA and other participants offered fateha for the departed soul and prayed to Allah Almighty to rest the departed soul in eternal peace and grant courage to the members of bereaved family to bear this irreparable loss with fortitude and equanimity.—APP

e-Paper Feb 18, 2013