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PM, CMs agree to hold elections same day STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —At proposal of the Prime Minister, the four Chief Ministers have agreed, in principle, that the elections of national and provincial assemblies will be held in the country on the same day for logistical, administrative, and financial reasons, which would also promote political harmony in the country. The understanding came

when Chief Minister Punjab and possibility of dissolution Shahbaz Sharif; Chief Minister of assemblies on a single day Sindh Syed Qaim Ali Shah; Chief Minister Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Amir Haider Hoti; Chief Minister Balochistan Nawab Muhammad Aslam Raisani and SALIM AHMED Governor Balochistan Nawab Zulfiqar Magsi, met Prime Min- L AHORE —Punjab Chief ister Raja Pervez Ashraf in Minister Muhammad Islamabad on Saturday. Shahbaz Sharif Saturday They discussed matters said that no agreement has relating to forthcoming genContinued on Page 7 eral elections in the country

Shahbaz says no agreement yet

PM stresses peaceful, fair elections

as well as questions relating to the caretaker set-up. The meeting was held in a cordial environment. The meeting expressed the confidence that all matters relating to the appointment of caretaker set-ups at the federal and Provincial levels would be resolved amicably. The Prime Minister said that Saturday’s gathering was a good omen for promoting democratic values in the country. He expressed the

NA completing tenure dissolved STAFF REPORTER

I SLAMABAD —Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs has issued formal notification about dissoRaja Pervez Ashraf said dom of media and cooper- lution of the National Assembly on completion of its full five year term. According to the notification, the house will stand dissolved at midnight tonight as per article-52 of the Constitution. This is for the first time that a democratically elected National Assembly has completed its full term. Neutral observers have expressed satisfaction over parliamentary performance of Assembly in terms of legislation and setting up healthy

Defends govt against criticism SHARAFAT KAZMI

Spain soon to end Afghan mission M ADRID —Spanish defense officials have announced to end Afghan mission and withdraw troops from Qalai-Naw to the main base in Herat province with the moving of equipment, vehicles and personnel. Spain’s Defence General Staff said, “Bringing forward the date originally planned, the Spanish contingent in Afghanistan, has begun moving materiel to the base maintained by

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ECP, political parties March 18 meeting cancelled

I SLAMABAD —The Prime Minister appealed to political parties, national institutions, civil society and media to play their role to ensure completion of the electoral exercise in a fair, peaceful and cordial atmosphere. He said leaders and workers should demonstrate to the world that we are peaceful, responsible and democratic nation. Addressing the nation, he pointed out that going by the fact that the present government remained victim of negative propaganda and concocted allegations, completion of term by the government was an extraordinary and historic event. He said democratic process went through various difficulties, challenges and trials in its journey.

Blast near MQM headquarters IRFAN ALIGI

K ARACHI —The city was panicked Saturday evening after 7 people were injured in bomb blast at Mukka Chowk, a few yards away from the STAFF REPORTER headquarter of Muttahida ISLAMABAD—A meeting Qaumi Movement (MQM). between political parties and Election Commission of Not only the masses, traders were gripped in panic but Pakistan which was Police was also upset over scheduled to be held on the occurrence of the inciMarch 18 has been candent. The incident took place celled, sources said. According to law ministry, at about 5:35 PM. Nature of it has written a letter to the blast was not clear. The place of incident was ECP, telling the commission Continued on Page 7 that Farooq H Naek would not be a law minister on March 18 following the completion of 5-year term of the government.It is pertinent to mention here that the ECP had given time to the political parties on March 18 to discuss issues B EIJING —China’s parliarelating nomination papers. ment on Saturday announced Wang Yi, a former ambassador to Japan and currently in charge of Taiwan affairs, had been nominated as the country’s new foreign minister. Wang replaces Yang W ASHINGTON—The United Jiechi, who has served since States on Friday said it looks forward to timely, free 2007. Yang was nominated to the State Council, accordand fair elections in ing to an announcement by Pakistan, as the country’s the National People’s Conparliament successfully completes its five year term. gress, China’s rubberstamp parliament. “The Pakistani parliaThe changes are part of ment is planning to a broad revamp of personcomplete its term on nel as China concludes a Saturday. We look forward once-a-decade leadership to timely, free and fair transition that saw Commuelections that will result in the first civilian democratic nist party chief Xi Jinping elected the president on Continued on Page 7

Continued on Page 7

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf addressing the nation.

Morsi due tomorrow

the government faced bitter ated with it so that media I S L A M A B A D — E g y p t i a n President Dr. Mohammad criticism during the last five Continued on Page 7 Morsi is arriving in Islamabad years but it upheld the freetomorrow (Monday) on state visit to Pakistan. Foreign Office spokesman said here said that during talks with President Asif Ali Zardari‚ the two sides will

Body to probe ‘outside interference’ in NAB STAFF REPORTER

I SLAMABAD —Less than an hour before it completed its full five-year term, the government formed a commission Saturday to probe allegations of “persistent interference by outside institutions” into the workings of the National Accountability Bureau (NAB). According to a notification issued late Saturday by the Law and Justice Division,

signed by senior joint secretary Sohail Qadeer Siddiqui, a two-member commission comprising former Supreme Court judges Mukhtar Junejo and Nawaz Abbasi has been formed to look into the matter and submit a report in the next few weeks. The commission will start its probe from within one week of the issuance of the notification, and will submit discuss bilateral relations as well as regional and interna-

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Continued on Page 7

Wang Yi named China’s foreign minister

US for free, fair polls in Pakistan

a time of heightened tenThursday. The change at the top of sions with Japan over uninthe foreign ministry comes at habited islands in the East China Sea, claimed by both countries. Wang, 59, served as ambassador to Japan from 2004 to 2007 and was also a diplomat in China’s embassy in Tokyo from 1989 to 1994. He I S L A M A B A D —President reportedly speaks Japanese. He has been in charge of Asif Ali Zardari, Saturday afternoon, telephoned Chi- Taiwan affairs on the State nese President Xi Jinping Council since 2008. China also appointed its to felicitate him on his formal election as President two new top diplomats on by the National People’s Saturday, positions which had already been flagged in Congress. While felicitating Presi- advance as part of the new dent Xi Jingping on his government of President Xi election to the high office, Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang. Continued on Page 7 Outgoing foreign minis-

Zardari felicitates President Xi

ter Yang Jiechi, ambassador to Washington from 20012005 and a polished English speaker, was promoted to state councilor with responsibility for foreign policy. China has only five such councillors and the post is senior to that of foreign minister. Chang Wanquan, who has overseen China’s ambitious space programme, was chosen as defense minister. From a humble background, he has advocated the military’s modernization, something which has jangled regional nerves, and was the frontrunner for the job.

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confidence that all issues relating to appointment of caretaker set-ups would be resolved amicably. The Chief Ministers congratulated the Prime Minister on the completion of constitutional tenure.The Prime Minister reciprocated the gesture and commended them on completion of tenures by all the provincial assemblies. Meanwhile according to media reports though Chief

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Consensus developing on Ishrat Hussain LIAQAT TOOR

It is learnt. PML (N) has

ISLAMABAD—As the government and the opposition have expressed reservations on many candidates proposed by them for the key post of caretaker Prime Minister, but sources close to the developments said consensus is developing on the name of Dr. Ishrat Hussain which was proposed by the ruling party. No party has raised any serious question on the nomina- also started showing flexibilContinued on Page 7 tion of Ishrat Hussain.

Colonel among 25 soldiers die in tragic road mishap TARIQ SAEED P ESHAWAR —A lieutenant colonel is among the 25 army men who embraced Shahadat in a tragic road accident on Karakoram Highway in Kohistan district on Saturday wee hours. Six security personnel sustained serious injuries in the incident. Reports reaching here said a passenger coach carrying more than thirty army men from Rawalpindi to Gilgit, plunged into a deep ravine near Samarnallah in Kohistan district early morning when the driver of the coach most probably lost control over the vehicle. Some reports say the passenger bus was over speeding resulting in its rolling down

into a deep nullah with at least 30 servicemen on board. The wounded persons were shifted to the nearby hospital for treatment. “The Army bus slipped into nullah some fifty five kilometers from the headquarters of Kohistan”, eye witnesses and the law enforcers said. According to District Police Officer Kohistan‚ the vehicle was on its way to Gilgit from Rawalpindi with 30 troops aboard with some reports saying the driver of the speeding bus lost control over the bus that slipped into the deep ravine on Karakoram Highway near Samar Nullah. “The bus started rolling down the steep side of the gorge and finally came to a

stop at the rocky bottom of the hill several hundred feet down “, eyewitness said. Another account said the accident occurred after the driver suddenly lost control over the bus and all his efforts to stay on the road failed. Hospital sources and the Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR) officials confirmed death of 24 soldiers along with driver and conductor of the illfated coach. Those embraced martyrdom include lieutenant colonel Ikram ul Haq of The Pakistan Army. The martyred Army men, the ISPR statement said, belonged to the Northern Light Infantry battalion and they were going to spend holidays at their native towns in Gilgit through Swat.

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Minister lays Journalists Colony foundation stone

Death anniversary of SP Kalam observed

Chakdara Timergara GT road repair urged

S UKKUR —Federal Minister good works done during the

M HALEEM ASAD TIMERGARA—The first death anniversary of the martyred Superintendent of Police Abdul Kalam Khan was observed at Kumbar Maidan the other day. The SP Kalam Khan, a resident of Kumbar Maidan in Dir Lower was killed in a suicide attack in Pishtakhara Peshawar on March, 15, 2012. Five other people had injured in the blast. The Station House Officer Lal Qilla, Haidar Zaman, along with other officials visited the tomb of late Kalam Khan on the directives of police high ups, hoisted national flag on his grave and held Quran khawani. Students and elders of the area also participated in Quran khawani and prayed for the departed soul. Meanwhile, addressing the gathering SHO Haidar Zaman paid rich tributes to late Kalam Khan and said that he was a brave, honest and devoted police officer who sacrificed his life for a great cause. He said the space created with his departure would not be filled. He announced that police department would observe his death anniversary every year on March 15 so that people could remember him. Family members of Kalam Khan were also present on the occasion. Mr Khan was serving as SP for the rural areas in Peshawar and had taken part in many operations against militants of the adjacent tribal areas. His vehicle had been targeted by a suicide bomber when he was on routine checking. ***** Residents of Adenzai and Talash have demanded of the NHA authorities to immediately resume repair work on Chakdara-Timergara GT road. Talking to journalists at Chakdara on Saturday they said that smooth traffic was not possible on ChakdaraTimergara road. The recent rains and negligence of authorities had turned the Gt road into ruins, said Ahmad Khan, a resident of Chakdara. He said that motorists had been reluctant to drive on the road as it was full of pitches. Sher Muhammad of Talash expressed grave concern on deteriorating condition of the ChakdaraTimergara road and said that dozens of high officers, ministers and lawmakers had been travelling on the road on daily basis but no one was taking notice of it. He appealed to district and sessions judge, Dir Lower, to take suo motu notice of the dilapidated road and summon the authorities. During rains, he said water flowed on the road turning it into a pond of water. The road posed serious threat to motorists because they kept trying to escape pitches in the road.

LARKANA: Patients admitted in Chandka Civil Hospital lying unattended, helpless due to strike of Para-Medical Staff Union.

PPP leaders, worker warm up for polls

Chandio: Caretaker PM selection with consultation paganda against the democratic institutions to de-stabilize democracy in Pakistan. Replying to another question, he said that PPP has respect for all the institutions, including election commission and every institution should work in their constitutional boundaries. Chandio said that continuity of democratic system and strong institutions has the only solution of all the challenges faced by country today. Hyderabad: The local leaders and workers of Pakistan People’s Party have started preparation for contesting the general elections on three seats of National Assembly and six seats of Sindh Assembly from Hyderabad district. According to sources of PPP Hyderabad District, the process of submitting applications for obtaining party ticket has been started and a numbers of leaders and work-

ets to contest the general elections on the National Assembly and Provincial Assembly seats belonging to Hyderabad. Those who applied for party tickets include Ali Ahmed Sehto, Amanullah Sial and Mirza Ashique Hussain for NA-219, Saghir Qureshi and Amanullah Sial for NA-220, Syed Ameer Ali Shah Jamote, Qazi Asad Abid and Mirza Ashique Hussain for NA-221, Pasha Qazi and Babu Abdullah for PS-45, Amanullah Sial and Azhar Sial for PS-46, Zahid Ali Bhurgari, Syed Fayyaz Shah, Mir Fateh Talpur, Jam Khan Shoro, Mehboob Abro, Iqbal Soomro and Yameen Soomro for PS-47, Abrar Qureshi and Rajab Khaskheli for PS-48, Abdul Jabbar Khan and Ali Ahmed Sehto for PS-49, Pir Amjad Shah Jilani, Mir Sher Muhammad Talpur and Khawand Bux Jahejo for PS-50 Hyderabad district.—APP



that he would try his best to resolve all the problems faced by the farmers in Kamalia. Talking to Pakistan Observer here in his office he said that doors of his office would always remain open for the farmers and no complainant would return home frustrated and without resolution of his problem adding that people would not have to wait for long for their problems solution. To a question about delay in payment of sugarcane to farmers by sugar mills, he said that he had called a meeting of sugar mills administrations on Monday. Tehsildar Sanaullah, who has been recently transferred from Gojra, said that he would ask the millers the reasons for delay in payment of dues. It may added here that sugarcane farmers have not been paid their money for the last two years. He said that he would make it sure that farmers get their dues by the sugarcane mills on time.

Normal internet use can avoid depression I S L A M A B A D —Researchers have found that excessive use of internet could lead to depression. “Internet addicts who devote much of their lives to browsing the Web are more likely to show signs of depression”, revealed a study published in the University of Leads, UK. Some people develop a compulsive Internet habit, socializing online through social-networking sites and PESHAWAR: Students during award distribution and Magazine launching ceremony of chat rooms instead of meeting people in person. —APP Gandhara Magazine at Gandhara University.

Legendary FE Chaudhry leaves a monumental legacy


T was purely a sudden impulse that took me to call on the grand old man of Pakistani journalism and oldest surviving colleague of the Pakistan Times, F.E. Chaudhry on Wednesday evening. Popularly known as Chacha, by all his ex-colleagues, friends, admirers and legion of those, whose life he touched, he was a true celebrity and perhaps one of the best known Lahore figures of the post-independence era. He was so happy to see me when he was brought in a wheel-chair by his eldest son Cyril, who had refired as an executive from Bata Shoe Co, few years ago. But it was so remarkable that Chacha, despite his advanced age and other physical complications had retained his sharp memory, eyesight and appeared in good cheer like before. We talked about good old days of the Pakistan Times, and about old colleagues like Khalid Hasan, Safiruddin Barlas, and others who had passed away and he particularly enquired about Shamim Rizvi, and Maqsud Shah, who are respectively located in Islamabad and Karachi. He was also looking forward to a small gathering being arranged in his honour by another old colleague, Ziaul-Haq at the Cosmopolitan

Club, on Friday which marked his 104th Birthday. I was also looking forward to be part of this special occasion, having missed out on his last birthday. I also recalled my earliest meetings with FEC, when I was starting out in journalism as a stringer in the P.T, way back in 1953, at Montgomery (now called Sahiwal). A year later, I had gone to Lahore, to receive the large Indian Contingent at Wagah Border,being also a member of the Organizing Committee of 4th Pakistan National

teacher, who had taught him at the prestigious Sf. Anthony School in Lahore. Besides his teaching profession for few years he also freelanced as a photographer for the Statesman, Illustrated Weekly of India and other leading newspapers prior to independence before being invited by Mian Iftikharuddin and Faiz Sahib to join the Pakistan Times on its inception in 1947. He spent a life time in that elite newspaper and made a name for himself both as a true professional and

Games, being held at Montgomery. F.E. Chardhry also accompanied the reception committee along with some mediamen. However, when the Indian contingent crossed the border, its leader, Mr. Ashwani Kumar, a senior Indian Police Officer, spotting Chacha rushed forward to touch his feet as a token of respect for a former

a guide to all aspiring youngsters. For his meritorious services he was awarded by the Pakistan Govt with several awards including Sitara-eImtiaz. He also emerged as a noted and repected leader of journalists trade union like PUJ and PFUJ as well as being founder of the Lahore Press Club.

It was these thought and feelings that. I was looking forward to meeting Chacha Chaudhary on Friday afternoon at the Cosmopolitan Club, where selected few old friends, colleagues as well as family members of Chaudhry Sahib had been invited. On my way to the office, I got a phone call from Cyril Chaudhry breaking the surprising and unexpected news that his father, who had woken up in normal and cheerful condition earlier in the morning of 15th March,being his 104th birthday had suddenly passed away. Cyril requested me to inform Zia-ul-Haq, I.A. Rehman and others who were invited to this special and memorable event later in the day. His memorial service is due to take place on Sunday at the main Cathedral, Lawerence Road next to St. Anthony School, where he had embarked on his earlier educational career. In the words of one of his senior colleagues, a sentiment equally shared by others, he is described as “A great photographer, he ranked higher than the awards he received (Pride of Performance, Tamgha-i-Khidmat and Sitarae-Imiaz), but he soared much higher as a human being. A devout Catholic, F.E. had imbibed the finest values of his faith – truthfulness, forbearance, love

last five years, he added. Federal Minister also praised journalists for their commitment to balanced reporting in all developing issues adding that Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) believed in freedom of expression and independence of media as democracy and media freedom were inter-linked. He said that the government was doing its best to facilitate media persons so that they could perform duty according to their professional ethos. Replying to a question, the Federal Minister said that upcoming general elections would be free and fair. To another question, he said that the democratic government of PPP has set a unique tradition of convocational democracy which has worked in developing consensus on major issues of Pakistan.—APP

Farmers problems Light rain likely resolution I —Pakistan Me- tal air is prevailing over most teorological Department on parts of the country with soon: Hinjra Friday forecast light rain with strong prediction of dry fore-

K A M A L I A — Te h s i l d a r ISLAMABAD—Federal Minister cratic forces are spreading pro- ers have applied for party tick- Sanaullah Hinjra has said for Political Affairs Maula Bakhsh Chandio has said that caretaker Prime Minister would be nominated in consultation with all stekeholders. Talking to a private television channel, he said that Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) had followed the policy of reconciliation to evolve consensus on critical national issues with opposition parties. The Minister said that all political parties agreed on the continuity of democratic process in the country. He said that democratic government is fully committed to ensure free, fair and transparent election for strong democratic institutions in the country. Chandio said that election commissioner, Fakhraddin G Ibrahim was selected with the consensus of all political stakeholders to ensure transparency in coming general election. He said that anti-demo-

for Religious Affairs, Syed Khursheed Ahmed Shah on Saturday has laid the foundation stone of the muchawaited Journalists Colony for local media persons here at Sukkur. Later talking to media persons, Syed Khursheed Shah said that the PPP-led government had promoted politics of reconciliation in the country. He said that during the tenure of PPP government the democratic norms had taken roots while in the past democratic culture could not be promoted. He said that the PPP-led government had put the country forward on democratic journey. Appreciating the performance of official media, Shah said that it had done well in difficult circumstances. The democratic government has the right to take credit for the

of the fellow being, and a boundless capacity to bear suffering. His friends were amazed at his fortitude when at the age of 100 plus he stoically watched the body of his famous son, Cecil Chaudhary, being taken for burial. He was secular to a fault – people belonging to all faiths had a place under his large canopy of peace and affection. At the same time he demanded full citizenship rights for himself and whole of his Christian community. Quite often he would tell his Muslim friends that but for the not-Muslim members of the Punjab Assembly Pakistan could not have been achieved. And he offered all his three sons for service in the Pakistan Air Force (and two of them did join it). Communal/sectarian violence always upset him. He did not like lawlessness, especially the collapse of social and moral values, and he would often cry out in despair, “Is this what we had created Pakistan for?“ May God bless the illustrious and remarkable Chacha Chaudhry and my deep condolences to his both daughters, son Cyril and other member of family including his grandchildren as F.E. Chaudhary lived a full and meaningful life and he has left a monomental legacy behind.

thunderstorm at isolated places of Kashmir, GilgitBaltistan and adjoining hilly areas during next 24 hours. According to met office, Synoptic Situation/Outlook, Continental air is prevailing over most parts of the country. However, mainly dry weather is expected in most parts Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh and Balochistan during next 24 hours. The Met Office here Friday predicted light rain at isolated places of Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan and dry weather for Khyber Pakthunkhwa during next 24 hours. According to Spokesman of Met Office here, continen-

cast. However, light rain-thun-

derstorm may occur at isolated places of Kashmir, GilgitBaltistan and adjoining hilly areas during next 24 hours. The weather of Peshawar, Parachainar and Abbottabad will remain partly cloudy/dry in this period.However, mainly dry weather is expected in most parts of the country in last 48 hours.—APP

Thalassaemia spreading alarmingly STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Thalassaemia is an inherited blood disorder and can be simply stated as the inability of the body to produce adequate amount of Hemoglobin in the red blood cells. Haemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. People with Thalassaemia make less Hemoglobin and fewer circulating red blood cells than normal, which results in severe anaemia. Thalassaemia can cause significant complications, including, iron overload, bone deformities, endocrine problems, liver cirrhosis and cardiovascular illness. The two major types of Thalassaemia are áThalassaemia and âThalassaemia. Beta form of Thalassaemia is the most prevalent genetically transmitted blood disorder in Pakistan with a carrier rate of 5-8%. This translates that with the population of over 180 Million, there are over 10 Million Thalassaemia carriers in Pakistan. And more than 5000 children are diagnosed with Thalassaemia Major every year. Children suffering from this blood disorder require blood transfusion every month of their lives, in addition to treatment for iron overload due to the multiple transfusions. In Pakistan blood is in short supply and blood banking facilities are primitive although developing gradually. Due to social and economical reasons patients are generally not able to maintain an ideal Hb level of 9-10.5 g/dl. Therefore mostly Thalassaemia children are under transfused as per international standards and their pre-transfusion Hb is around 6-7 gm/dl.

Action against less weight roti sellers urged SHER GONDAL MANDI BAHAUDDIN—Bread with less weight than that authorised weight is being sold at hotels and tanurs in various areas of Mandi Bahauddin city, labourers and outsiders who come to Mandi Bahauddin have complained. The fixed rate of roti is Rs 5 but it is sold at rate of Rs 6.5 per bread. AC Shahid Marth when contacted told that he had launched a drive against those who were selling bread with less weight and anyone found indulging in this activity would be pun-

ished. ***** NADRA staff has stopped issuing National Identity Cards and B Forms on normal fee. People were being forced to get NIC and B Form on payment of urgent fee amounting to Rs 1500. The same practice is continuing at Malikwal NADRA office. People have urged higher authorities to direct NADRA to stop this practice. ***** Despite ban, kite flying continues in Mandi Bahauddin and use of chemical string is common. Citizens have urged local administration to take action against the violators before any tragic

incident takes place. ***** Mandi Bahauddin lawyers on the call of Punjab Bar Council observed full day strike to mark restoration of Chief Justice Day. They did not attend the courts and litigants’ public went back after they were given next dates by courts staff. ***** Principal Government Vocational Training Institute distributed Solar Panels among hundred students. Addressing the ceremony, the principal said Punjab government schemes to reward hardworking students would go a long way to promote education in the country.

Govt empowers ECP SLAMABAD —Member National Assembly of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), Nafeesa Shah has said that the present government has empowered Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) to hold free and fair elections. Talking to a private television channel, she said that all-out efforts should be made to continue democratic system in the country. She said that the ECP is going to conduct free, fair and transparent elections in the country. The MNA said that ECP will look into the matter regarding qualification of candidates preparing for next general elections. Nafeesa said that election process should continue to achieving progress and prosperity for the people of the country. The MNA said that there are challenges which should be tackled with collective efforts of all parties and stakeholders. Replying to a question, she said that present government wanted to transfer the powers after the election process. She said that consensus for caretaker set-up should be made with all the political parties and stakeholders for continuity of democratic system in the country. Nafeesa urged all the political parties to work for smooth functioning of democracy in the country. PPP wants to strengthen democracy: Deputy Chairman Senate Sabir Baloch has said that Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) wanted to strengthen democracy in the country because all the problems can be resolved through democratic way. Talking to Pakistan Television (PTV), he said that the PPP-led government had achieved success in every field on the basis of its people-friendly policies. —APP

GCUF to provide best education F AISALABAD —Professor Dr. Zakir Husain Vice Chancellor (VC) Government College University Faisalabad (GCUF) said the university was striving hard to provide modern education as well as best sports facilities to its students. Addressing on the prize distribution ceremony of GCUF 11th Annual Athletics and Sport Gala, he said the event was aimed to promoting traditional sports in the young generation. He said it also provides a platform to students to exhibit their skills in front of large gathering. Less forest net responsible for climate challenges: Forest net in Pakistan is less than 5 percent which is very low as compared to international standard of 25 percent becoming responsible for increase in climate challenges. This was stated by Prof Dr Iqrar Ahmad Khan Vice Chancellor (VC) University of Agriculture Faisalabad while addressing a prize distribution ceremony of Lyallpur Literature Festival at New Senate Hall UAF here on Friday, while Senior Tutor Prof Dr Aslam Pervez and Principal Officer Students Affairs Prof Dr Muhammad Younis also spoke.—APP

Sports Stadium Ouch inaugurated C HAKDARA —State Minister for Inter Provincial Coordination Malik Azmat Khan has formally inaugurated the Sports Stadium Ouch here on Saturday and held it a gift of the PPP Government for the youth of the area. Former PPP Nazim and Naib Nazim, DSP Adezai Ali Rahman and SHO Ouch were present on the occasion. He said the stadium has been constructed for the promotion of extra-curricular activities among the youngsters of the area so that healthy activities could be given a boost. He said that this stadium which has been named after late MNA Malik Muzzaffar Khan was the second biggest stadium of the province The minister maintained that provision of healthy activities was a must for mental nourishment and reduction of social ills in the society. He said that heavy transformers for Chakdara grid station and Talash Grid station have been arranged to end the problem of low voltage in the area. He told the people that 80,000 poor people were getting Rs.1000 monthly under BISP scheme in the district lower dir adding this amount would be raised to Rs.5000 per month if voted to power in coming elections. The Minister said that the PPP Government during last five courageously faced the challenges emerges from time to time in the region. —APP

PML-N strategy capable of resolving all challenges P E S H AWA R — P r o v i n c i a l president, PML-N, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pir Sabir Shah has said that their party under the leadership of Mian Nawaz Sharif is fully capable of bringing the country out of the prevailing situation. Addressing a high-level party meeting here Saturday in Provincial Secretariat he urged the nation to elect capable leadership, which will be not only capable to restore the confidence of the nation, but also bring the nation and country out of the prevailing problems. Those who attended the meeting were included central secretary Iqbal Zafar Jhagra, central senior vice president, Amir Muqam, Khawaja Mohammad Khan Hoti, Farid Toofan and Rehmat Salam Khattak. The PML-N leader said that Nawaz Sharif a patriotic and brave politician and has a programme for making Pakistan a completely sovereign and self-reliant state.

He urged the party workers for making devoted efforts for the success of PML-N candidates in the polls and dissemination of the message of Mian Nawaz Sharif in every mohallah and street of the country. Stu-

dents of PEAD Foundation vow to be responsible citizens: While expressing confidence in their bright future, young students from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Fata vowed to be responsible citizens of the country

and to strive for the betterment of the country. This was the pledge that the young students undertook at the Youth Voices Reunion held at Islamabad Hotel, on Thursday. We shall be our own leaders and shall not wait for good things to happen, but will make them happen. We shall respect all genders, religions and treat them as equal fellow beings, these words were expressed by the students at the reunion organized by Peace Education and Development (PEAD) Foundation in collaboration with the Canadian High Commission for the sensitization and capacity building of young individuals of KP and Fata. A platform youth of PEAD Foundation has successfully trained 112 undergraduate students from various educational institutions of KP and FATA at personal capacity building and democratic development having 71 males and 41 female.—APP

Musharraf’s return presages change in country: Aasia IRFAN ALIGI KARACHI—All Pakistan Muslim League (APML) Central Information Secretary Aasia Ishaque said that the rulers had during last five years out the sovereignty of the state on state while they had continued to focus on attaining the personal vested interest at the cost of the country. The poor had been left at the mercy of the gangsters, target killers, kidnappers for ransom due to which the masses had entered a state of sheer despondency and despair. They wanted to see the change in the country so as to seek riddance from the corrupt government. The time for the desired changes had however arrived and the masses should bring the change they had longed for five years of tyranny. This she said while addressing to a delegation of APML activists and officebearers from district Mirpur

Khas Saturday. She informed that the APML Chief Pervez Musharraf was bound to arrive at the port city from UAE with a programme for liberating the oppressed masses from the chains of tyranny of the corrupt elite of the dynasty politics. She said that the corrupt rulers and politicians that had looted the country’s wealth for five years were absolutely afraid of the return of Musharraf because they knew that it was only Musharraf who had the courage to recover the looted wealth from the corrupt political junta and take them to task. Therefore, the frightened corrupt elite of the dynasty politics had been trumpeting the drum of fake cases against the former President and APML Chief Pervez Musharraf. However, Musharraf was a man of his words and courage so he could not be intimidated. If he had any fear, he would have

not announced for his return to the country. She said that the masses had the sole opportunity ahead that they should only elect only the plain, patriotic and honest leadership especially the APML because of its leader Pervez Musharraf, whose tenure was a remarkable one for the poor and the youth. It was Musharraf that had introduced the idea of enlightened democracy, a civil society free from extremism and corruption and empowerment of women. It was Musharraf that had opened tremendous venues of jobs and entrepreneurships in the country for the educated and skilled youth. She said that the women, the youth, the labourer, the intellectuals and the entire civil society had vowed to join Musharraf for the change in the country, which was to be initiated immediately after his return to the country.

HYDERABAD: Activists of PML-N presenting sweets to each other during ‘Youm-eNijat’ (Day of Deliverance) rally.

Cardiovascular forum on 20th M ULTAN —First cardiovascular GP symposium will be held on March 20 at the auditorium of Chaudhry Pervez Elahi Institute of Cardiology (CPEIC). A press release said Prof Dr Ijaz Ahmad, chief of cardiology, Prof Dr Haider Zaman, chief of cardiac surgery, and Dr Kashif Ali Hasmi will organize the moot. *** Provincial Minister for Agriculture Ahmed Ali Aulakh has said the Punjab government provided subsidy of Rs. 27 billion on agriculture sector during its five years tenure. Addressing a delegation of farmers’ representatives, he said that subsidy worth Rs. 15 billion was offered in South Punjab. He said that billions of rupees were also being spent on improving irrigation system in the province. He informed that special focus was paid on the promotion of Pakistani mango and improving supply chain in Eurpeon markets. He claimed that PML-N would introduce more agricultural policies after wining upcoming elections. *** Bahauddin Zakariya University Teachers Association (BZUTA) announced panel of its candidates for syndicate elections to be held on March 20.—APP

World Water Day on March 22 H YDERABAD —The United

SIALKOT: Pakistan Wapda Employees Pagham Union holding a protest for acceptance of their demands.

NA-139 voters disappointed by mainstream parties WAQAS ASHRAF KASUR—The people of NA139, Kasur, have been disappointed by PML (N) and PPP candidates and after getting rid of from the caste system, want a third better option. Public voice of this constituency is mere a tirade set between two major parties and their representatives, Ch Manzoor Ahmed of PPP and Sheikh Waseem Akhter of PML (N). CH Manzoor of PPP won the 2002 elections but failed to do something for the well being of the people and giving excuse to be in opposition. In 2008 election, he himself lost the election but his party came into power. This was the second opportunity to serve the people of Kasur but he could only provide gas connections to some areas of his constituency and established a passport office in Kasur. He prefers to spend his time in President House rather in public of his constituency from where he had to contest election. On the other hand, PML

(N) MNA Sheikh Waseem Akhter also reflected the same attitude. Throughout his tenure, he put a deaf ear to the problems of his area. He had been enjoying the status of public representative of Kasur in different tenures but could not start any major project in his area. No doubt the shape of Kasur city has been changed but people give its credit to former chief secretary Punjab Javed Mehmood Khan who appointed a dutiful DCO Abdul Jabbar Shaheen for the completion of development works in Kasur. People of the area blame MNA Sheikh Waseem Akhter for the transfer of DCO Abdul Jabbar Shaheen who had opposed Sheikh Waseem’s alleged land grabbing. This DCO worked a lot on the direction of former chief secretary Javed Mehmood Khan to change the scenario of the Kasur district. The credit of Two-way Ferozpur Road from Lahor to Ganda singh border goes to Khurshid Mehmood Kasuri whe got the approval of the project during the Pervez

Musharraf tenure. The independent and other political parties candidates are not in a leading position. They did not have vote bank. Ex-Tehsil Nazim, Naveed Hasham Rizvi, is also determined to contest elections form this constituency. He has claimed to be a joint candidate of PML(N) and Likeminded group but could not clarify his current status. Former President Pervez Musharraf have also announced to contest election from this constituency. PTI leaders Khurshid Mehmood Kasuri and Sardar Assef Ahmed Ali are not ready to take risk to contest from NA-139. Former Foreign Minister Khurshid Mehmood Kausri was defeated by Ch Manzoor of PPP in 2002 elections and now both Assef and Kasuri were determined to contest from NA-140. Talking to Pakistan Observer, a political observer Jamil Nasir said that now people have become mature by the blessing of independent media and would vote to candidate on the basis of their performance.

Nations’ World Water Day will be observed on March 22. Events are organised on or around this day to increase people’s awareness about water’s importance in environment, agriculture, health. The theme of world water day 2013 is “Water Cooperation.” Various government and n o n - g o v e r n m e n t organisations including political community and educators will organise different programmes on the occasion. APP reports from Karachi: The 20th anniversary of the World Water Day would fall on March 22. This was stated by the Co-Founder of FoodTank, Danielle Nierenberg.—APP

FC foils terror bid Q UETTA —Frontier Corps foiling the terror attempt seized explosives in two different raids carried out in Balochistan. Besides, 14 suspects were also arrested. FC Spokesman said that paramilitary troops on a tip off conducted raids in Roshan Colony near Sui and recovered five kg of explosives and one time bomb device. However no arrest was made. In a separate raid carried out in the Lalazar area of Hub, FC recovered about 100 kg of explosives besides other raw material meant for sabotage act. As many as 14 suspects were also taken into custody. The seized items included detonating cord six role, safety fuze 130 meter, chemical suspected to be used in IED 1500 kg, detonators 58 pieces and shotguns two pieces. The apprehended men and items recovered were later handed over to police for further investigation. Forms submission date for MA/MSC classes extended: University of

Balochistan (UoB) on Saturday announced to extend the forms submission date for the classes of MA/MSC, 2013. A handout issued by the UoB has read that aspiring students could submit admission forms till March 20, however test and interviews would be conducted on the date earlier announced. One dies, three injured in road mishap: A man was killed and three others sustained injuries when a speedy vehicle overturned in Barkhan district. According to Levies force, the victims were on the way to home riding in a vehicle when it turned turtle due to over speeding. Resultantly, Barah Khan died on the spot while Kohra Khan, Jamal Khan and Baloch Khan received wounds. The body and the injured were evacuated to nearby hospital. Later, the body of the deceased was handed over to the heirs after legal formalities. Levies force has registered a case.—APP

Culture Dept preserves Sindh heritage HYDERABAD—Sindh Minis- said that though her departter for Culture Ms Sassui Palijo has said that marvellous and exemplary works were performed by her Ministry to preserve and protect the archaeological sites of Sindh and promote literature, art and culture during the last five years of PPP government. She termed the steps taken by PPP government for decentralisation of archaeological sites as a great achievement and added that in this way it has not only contributed to protect the history but also cultural assets of each province. The Minister was addressing the ceremonies arranged to inaugurate the Culture Centres at Mithi and Bhalwa, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Cultural Complex, Mithi and inauguration of Amar Jagdesh Kumar Mallani auditorium at Mithi. Sassui Palijo said that her department has also patronised the writers, poets, artists, vocalists and also established an endowment fund for their welfare. She

ment has done a marvellous job for the promotion of literature still there is a vast space to work as Sindh was

very rich in this regard. She said that the purpose of her politics was to fight for the rights of people and without it the politics was meaningless. She said that ideal portraits of great character of Sindh “Marvi” and great poets of Sindh like Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai would be decorated at Marvi Culture Centre at Bhalwa.—APP

Let the spirit of CoD to continue


Pakistan’s silver lining


HE completion of five-year tenure of Assemblies and democratic governments at the centre and in the provinces was a landmark achievement of political parties and they deserve all the credit. During last five years it looked that they have learnt lesson from the past mistakes, never tried to dislodge the elected government midway through by machinations and worked in spirit of reconciliation, which is hallmark of democracy. One had wished that last hurdle about nomination of the caretaker Prime Minister would have been resolved through mutual understanding to set a precedence for the future yet it appears that the government and the opposition are going for point scoring. We strongly believe that two major parties should continue to work in a spirit of reconciliation, as they did in the past despite all odds and fragility of the system. The caretaker Prime Minister would not only be duty bound to facilitate holding of free and fair elections but in the interim period there would be many challenges before him including energy crisis and poor state of economy. In this scenario there is dire need that the person selected for the Chief Executive job should not only be acceptable to all and sundry but he must have necessary capabilities to deal with the challenges and put the economy and poor financial position on sound footing. If the Prime Minister and the leader of the opposition did not agree on a candidate, the Election Commission of Pakistan would ultimately decide the matter but it would be more appropriate if the two agree on a consensus candidate. At the fag end, the two major political parties – the PPP and the PML(N)- need to allow spirit of Charter of Democracy(CoD) to continue to prevail and the matter be resolved amicably rather than sticking to their positions.

UN may listen to its drone investigators A

S the United States is paying no heed to sentiments of people of Pakistan over unilateral drone attacks, the UN special rapporteur on human rights and counter-terrorism has concluded that US drone strikes violate Pakistan’s sovereignty and called for their immediate cessation. Ben Emmerson said in a report after conclusion of his unannounced visit to Pakistan from March 11 to 13 that Islamabad needed to be given an opportunity to establish peace in the country. What Emmerson has said is nothing new but assumes significance because he has been mandated by the world body to investigate these provocative attacks and his findings should be given the importance they deserve. Pakistan has been agitating that the attacks constitute grave violation of its sovereignty and the UN investigators have shared this point of view. Similarly, contrary to what the US officials have been leaking to the media off and on, the UN official has also categorically stated that drones do not have consent of the Pakistan Government. This should leave no doubt in minds of the international public opinion that drones are nothing but an act of aggression against a sovereign country. He has also rejected the US claim that it was entitled to take direct action inside a sovereign country because of inability of the country to tackle terrorist threat. The world has so far not listened to Pakistan the way it should have over crucial question of drone strikes but after clear findings of the UN investigators, it should understand the issue in right perspective and convince the world’s only super power to discard the policy that not only impinges upon sovereignty of a UN member state but also causes collateral damage that has become yet another source of increase in extremism and terrorism.

India further distances from dialogue process D

ESPITE optimism expressed by outgoing Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar during her last media interaction about future of Pakistan-India relations, signals emanating from across the Eastern border are quite disturbing as they convey continuation of deep-rooted anti-Pakistan posture in policy and decision-making circles in New Delhi. Latest is a resolution adopted by Lok Sabha that has termed resolution by Pakistan National Assembly condemning hanging of Afzal Guru, as so-called interference in India’s internal affairs, forgetting that Kashmir is, in no way, its internal problem as there are three parties to the conflict. Afzal Guru’s hanging is justifiably being viewed by Kashmiris as judicial and political murder. Pakistan cannot remain indifferent to such murders that are aimed at suppressing the voice of Kashmiris who are demanding nothing but their right of self-determination. Indian Lok Sabha’s resolution was not the only anti-Pakistan move, as there have been a series of measures aimed at complicating a relationship that Pakistan wanted to improve. As Pakistan is taking measures to grant MFN status to India, New Delhi is leveling baseless charges and accusation against Pakistan vitiating the environment. After LoC incidents, India also raised the ante by pointing accusing fingers towards Pakistan over attack of a Mujahideen group on Indian occupation forces in Srinagar recently. It also called off planned visit of Pakistani hockey team to that country and the Indian Foreign Minister’s remarks that Pakistan would get the message expose Indian intentions and designs. All this is nothing but yet another excuse by New Delhi to thwart the dialogue process. In fact, India is not sincere in holding dialogue with Pakistan and whatever semblance of talks we have had in the past was because of extraordinary flexibility shown by Islamabad on different issues including Kashmir. But enough is enough and Pakistan must not insist on resumption of a dialogue that has so far served no purpose except grant of concessions to India.

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Ramifications of Chinese economy? has China done to change the model of the west to the wisof the east? China refuses Dr Zafar Altaf dom to accept anything from the west as given. It then assumed the power of reason to take matter to the farmers. Unlike have had the considerable good Pakistan China has honored its agriluck to visit China with national cultural heroes not sham ones but real and international organizations ones. One of the important factors one but the valuable insight in to China learnt in China was that no one took that one gained on official visits with credit for anything positive but those the Pakistani delegation provided an that failed in the discharge of their exponential experience in to their duties were taken to task. The visits economic working, their agriculture to China were entirely in the rural foresight and their political system. areas. It was an experience that is difPresident Ho Chin Thou was then ficult to state. Simply stated the Gobi at the helm of affairs. desert is no longer available and it s Western technologists are al- now a rice and cotton growing area. ways varying of China and one You will be right in challenging the found that the propaganda machine statement but rice in the Gobi desert always sought to denigrate the Chi- is now on drip irrigation. nese Development model. What one How did they help Pakistan simsaw was totally different from what ply by working in tandem with Pakione read and heard from western stanis? It is surprising that we have personal and print and electronic me- about 100 odd MOUs with china and dia. One such occasion was when yet only, barring those with the milithe then Finance Minister Sartaj tary, six with the PARC were impleAziz hosted a dinner for Dr.Norman mented. After the change in leaderBorlaug accredited with the green ship that was also called off. During revolution and the use of Chemicals that period they came in to help with in agriculture. Ironically his own coarse rice but we are what we are. country USA is now moving to- The snooty personal from Sindh wards organic agriculture for a va- wanted none of it. Despite this they riety of reasons. That evening was worked in Sindh research station. memorable in the sense that a very They faced in the process a lot of diflively debate took place as to ficulties. whether China will survive or will While we were still toiling with it suffer famine. this break through they went in to a Dr. Borlaug was of the opinion doubling this productivity of 15 tons that China will suffer the conse- per hectare. In cotton they worked quences of its actions and would not with our technologists and developed be able to feed its populations. Some hybrids that are now working in the of us at the dinner took the opposite system. Cotton was successfully view. China has not suffered fam- tested in Pothwar region, Malakand, ine and has been able to feed its DI Khan and Swabi. The boll weight populations and in fact what I saw was double that of the cotton grown was completely different model in Seraiki belt and Sind. I have grown from the ones that the west utilized it in Pothwar at Rawat. One of the in its development process. What farmer has grown it in the Simly dam


area-village Begowal to be precise. The features were that the cotton was of 110 days, was thermostat free [neutral to temperatures] and can be grown at any time and anywhere. A western MNC was at the same time toting cotton BT which was an eleven month crop, and was supposed to free one of the seven pests that could attack the crop. What good was that? Our not bounded agriculture was such that we used a different approach. For sucking pests we had a particular flower for deterrence. For white fly we had a particular color plant to act as deterrent. The agronomic practices were changed and instead of having 45000 plants to an acre it was suggested that the farmer plant 100,000 plants to an acre. The results were fantastic with yields over 100 maunds to an acre. In the meantime with the change in leadership at the official research station thanks to the bigotry of some, the Chinese refused to work with the official research station and instead worked for a private NGO. They were astounded in Pakistan to see that the sugar cane crop was given water eighteen times. The yield was on average 3 tons per hectare [roughly 2.5 acres to a hectare]. The concept they had was to give no water to the sugar cane and let it live on natures moisture. Well that was done. The sucrose content when checked was 17% [as the Chinese had predicted]. The yield could not be checked because the recalcitrant Pakistani did not go in for that mush area. The little that was sown proves the Chinese right. They also provided us with a gene material that was tolerant to saline water. That gene was sent to the salt range where it is doing well. Charged with this success they came back and they are now growing Cotton, Maize, Millet and sugar cane. Howzzat for tech-

nology. The sugar research station that the Pakistani delegation visited was in a three story building. The surprising part that the Chinese had captured was the art of moving from the particular to the general and vice versa. Similarly when I wanted to se a plant nursery they took me to an eleven story building which was the nursery as well as the market with thousands of shops. China in its own unique way had developed a competitive system so germane to the capitalist form of economics. The west will be steam rolled by China. It is the second largest economy after USA and the first amongst the trading countries of the world. It is only a matter of time. On one occasion they were questioned as to how they were growing prawns in the coldest parts of China? They showed me how. I have been trying to pass this to the leaders but leaders are generally blind in the ears and deaf in the eyes, according to a well known priest. The human intellect has been made moronic by the west. Under the garb of helping they really place a knife in your back. They want you where you are- living a life of perpetual hunger and strife. It suits them better. Our leaders are petty when it comes to understanding what is happening and what the future of our country would be like. The elite live well, better than the best in the west. So why upset the apple cart? Elections or no elections the end result would be the same. Ever heard of narcissism in politics? It can be seen here and the self patting would go on till they are at each others throat. Photo sessions and what not? TV is full of it. Please go gracefully if you have to. My ears are suffering as a result of hearing five years. What more? China can teach. So try and learn.

Are accountants accountable? the classical question: are accountants accountable? This brings to mind the episodes in the USA a few years ago when accountants Khalid Saleem were very much in the news, regrettably for all the wrong Email: reasons. Major corporate giants like Enron, WorldCom and Xerox were being pas one looks over the shoul raded for public ignominy with dizder, the Public Accounts zying regularity all apparently beCommittee of the National cause of the antics of their accounAssembly created a lot of ripples. tants. It would appear that accounThe Committee was oft reported to tants had been given so much freehave called to account several senior dom with the accounts under their bureaucrats connected with divers charge that they freely resorted to departments. Some bureaucrats taking all sorts of liberties with figwriggled out of the tight situation ures they were supposed to nurture. with their well-known penchant for What appears to have occurred is eel-like behavior, when all else fails. that, once left in the company - and Others took advantage of technical with the sole custody - of figures, loopholes of which there are plenty the accountants in question considin our scheme of things. The fact is ered it their prerogative to maniputhat all rules in place are drafted by late them as they wished! So, they one set of bureaucrats for the ben- went about it with gay abandon, efit of another set of bureaucrats. thereby ensuring for their corporaApart from the several slippery tions added sheen, and for themslopes expressly designed to derail selves and their favorite executives potential auditors, there are loop- hefty bonuses. The shareholders, holes aplenty. All in all, the basic meanwhile, reveled in the sunshine question of who is accountable and of cooked-up figures and everyone to whom has yet to be satisfactorily had a rollickingly good time until the answered. bubble burst. Ours is one of those societies The big cataclysm is that, in a where accountants are invariably re- world that is more and more prone to garded with an awe of sorts. It would specialization, the hapless man-inappear that, other than add and sub- the-street remains ever on the receivtract figures that should be their ing end of things. What then is he suprightful task, our accountants are posed to do? Having been bitten left, apparently also in the business of right and center, the wretched indiminting the money they deal in so vidual considered the accountant to wantonly. Given the salaries they be his last line of defense. After the command and the callous manner in latest letdown, who is he to trust now which they treat finances, the afore- with whatever is left of his nest egg? said is probably true. And when you A wise man once said, “War is mix an accountant with a bureaucrat too serious a business to be left to the resulting concoction is just too generals alone”. Logihot to handle. And this brings one to cally, should one not fall back on the

Friendly Fire


same principle and acclaim that, “Accounting is too serious a business to be left to accountants alone”? Talking of figures takes one naturally to the subject of statistics. The latter art (?) has historically been

The common man has always had this queasy feeling that he is being shortchanged by the powers that be in the finance world. So long as decisions on high finance are made by shadowy individuals fiddling with figures in the backrooms of finance houses the nest egg of the common man will continue to remain at risk. prone to massive manipulation by one and all. Statistics, it has been said, can be used to prove anything. But one had always been inclined to make a distinction between statistics and accounts. Given the present state of affairs, is one to obliterate that distinction and lump the two together now? To let accounting go the way of statistics, so to speak! The proverbial man-in-the-street is perennially on the receiving end – and prone to be hit where it hurts most. He has already learnt to his disadvantage that he cannot bank on his bank any more, the banks having started to believe that the depositor’s

money is fair game. The stockbroker was, in any case, well beyond his reach or ken. Now the accountant has been relegated to the same jolly heap! The common man has always had this queasy feeling that he is being shortchanged by the powers that be in the finance world. In having this feeling he can hardly be faulted. So long as decisions on high finance are made by shadowy individuals fiddling with figures in the backrooms of finance houses (or whatever they are called), the nest egg of the common man will continue to remain at risk. Part of the blame, of course, can be passed on to the march of new technology. When accountants were obliged to juggle figures with pen and ink, there was a kinship of sorts between them. Playing fast and loose with figures in those days brought with it a certain sense of subjective remorse. The introduction of the impersonal computer has had the effect of setting the accountant free from such mundane considerations. One little tap on the key and he is well on the way to alter the very fate of the balance sheet entrusted to him. It is as simple as that. One feels a bit of nostalgia for the good old days of ‘cash-books’ and ‘double-entry book-keeping’. Figures had sanctity of sorts about them then. An accountant would think twice before juggling with a set of figures, because each overwriting had to be justified and accounted for. In the case of computerized accounting in vogue today, it would appear obvious that nothing need be justified any more. On the contrary, sitting in front of an anonymous screen with figures of all genres at his fingertips, the accountant can, and often does, fiddle around with figures to his/her heart’s content. There must be a moral in this tale somewhere!

HERE’S a great deal that is wrong with Pakistan right now. The economy is in shambles, the country’s economic centre, Karachi, is a hub of target killings and ethnic conflict and militant groups are waging a deadly war against the country’s minorities — the list goes on. Amid such dismal circumstances, the country’s vibrant media and vociferous civil society often refuse to see any sign of optimism. Yet there is a silver lining to this situation: for the first time in Pakistan’s history, a civilian government has managed to complete it tenure. While the current Pakistan People’s Party (PPP)-led government was inept in handling the country’s myriad crises and had veered on the verge of collapse several times during the last five years, unlike its predecessors, it didn’t suffer the fate of an unceremoniously ouster. Now after five years of uninterrupted civilian government — nothing less than a miracle in Pakistani politics — preparations are underway for the 2013 elections. The PPP and the leading opposition party, Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz group) have both filed in their nominations for the caretaker prime minister. Moreover, the country’s election commission, which has been long tainted for serving interests of those in power, is asserting its independence by deciding to go ahead with printing the revised nomination papers, without the president’s approval. The forthcoming elections are being speculated as a potential game changer. With Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaaf expected to upset the traditional twoparty dominance, analysts are expecting a political overhaul in how the coalition government will be formed at the centre. While the new government is also most likely going to traverse a rutted course, every passing year of civilian rule in Pakistan signifies a consolidation of democratic processes. In fact, if elected governments are given the opportunity to rule without any interruption, political stability will no longer seem like such a distant dream for the country. — Khaleej Times


Keep harmful microbes away


HE salad bowl instantly lost its attraction last Monday when news broke that research by the American University of Sharjah (AUS) found locally grown salad greens, particularly jarjeer or rocca leaves, to be heavily contaminated with the dreaded E. coli and salmonella strains of bacteria. The dismay among consumers is understandable given the importance of salad greens in nutrition. Apart from being nature’s vitamin, mineral and weight-loss pills and a staple food in many cultures, locally grown salad greens are affordable and promote local farming. Fortunately, municipality officials have come forward to reassure everyone that locally grown salads greens are totally safe to eat. E.coli infections have not been on the rise as should have been the case if contamination were to be rife. The authorities are also speaking to the AUS to determine exactly what strain of E.coli has been found, and whether it is a pathogen. The UAE’s stringent quality checks for food products, and good agricultural practices for local farmers, ensure consumer confidence remains high, as in the recent horsemeat issue. With this issue too, the sooner we can reach for the salad bowl with certainty again, the better. — Gulf News One must never lose time in vainly regretting the past nor in complaining about the changes which cause us discomfort, for change is the very essence of life. — Anatole France French writer

National security & anarchy these countries. Now take another exRana Athar Javed ample, whereas the Iraqi and Afghan governments are parEmail: tially in charge and the American/NATO militaries oversee civilian and military, o a degree, the popular deci still the anarchy rules - the next gension-making in the US has erations of American and war afbeen source of anarchy in fected countries virtually have no other parts of the world. The inabil- established dialogue to address the ity to forge a consensus over broad nature of their social contacts. Hatenational security issues, and it’s ful policy implications have become negative implications on the next political reasons to sometime target American generations demonstrates legitimate development programs. the partisan side of democratic sys- This is also an indirect cause of antem. This assessment does not auto- archy in the war zones - without bematically discounts that democracy ing understood that often not fully as a political concept precludes con- apprised political leadership would sensus between civilian and military never challenge the limited utility of establishments. overlapping assessments and posiIt however raises an important tion papers. question about the way public opinThis argument should be adion is framed as a contributing fac- dressed both in terms of national tor to continue the “the anarchy security making in the US and the project” in other countries. One sig- loss of decades long good will that nificant factor address the future of American once enjoyed. Should the people-to-people contact between national security experts worry on different nations of the world. Take such occurrence, sure and yes!. Althe example of Afghanistan and Iraq, though the US/NATO are facing trethe American national security ex- mendous challenges in almost every perts at length and in-depth managed war zones of the world, “unintended to politicize the overall nature of war. consequences” of anarchy however This policy planning may not have would cause sociopolitical obstacles impacted the political problems at for the American dream. In other home, but it has now become the words, serious deliberations to curgrowing crisis of governability in tail the size of present conflict is re-


quired and it would be hardly surprising if leadership style of America do not gives statutory standing to it’s modern war technology. The size of the so-called Arab Spring and different forums of peace building appears to be losing by majority, just because the popular masses seek “nothing but the truth” from the national security team of the US. Ranging from faulty to wrong intelligence assessment on war in Iraq to design Wikileaks to undermines state to people relations in respective countries. The ostensible solution to problem of leaking select documents (in millions) cannot be negotiated through insistence on dealing with handful of people in the war zones. Secrecy and grandstanding still needs a credible system of assessment, mainly due to military issues, but also addressing the matter of competency in a democratic system. What kind of criteria is required to create a link between the two conceptual frameworks? One answer is that the US must improve it’s image, especially about the role of its intelligence community in the underdeveloped countries including Afghanistan and Pakistan. The argument that the US national security objectives also include micromanaging details of dubious and controversial issues in friendly countries typically represents au-

thority of a superpower. Whereas the true flow of national security decision-making should encapsulate the necessity of political harmony, no opposition is required to reduce the burden of war, the objective thus remains to prevent anarchy spreading outside the actual war zone. The personal policy preferences is too a cause of Inciting further anarchy because supporting largely violent groups blurs the national security objectives. In the presence of partisan politics, it is rather impossible for the US to permanently change the course of wide military designs. Nonetheless, it has become clear that a combination of partisan politics and strategic military objectives have promoted the idea of creating long-term miseries for the general masses. The conclusion is that if partisan politics creates domestic political drama, the national security policy based on faulty/wrong intelligence may well become a cause to undermine long-term objectives of the US. In reality, no country or nation can be forced to to temporarily suspend it’s social harmony and allow anarchy to take over the forces of peace. —The author is a Denmark-based National Security Expert and Defence Analyst.

Call for UK apology Nasim Yousaf


ast month, British Prime Min ister David Cameron became first serving Head of the Government of United Kingdom to “pay his respects at the scene of one of the bloodiest massacres in British history…The prime minister laid a wreath at the Jallianwala Bagh memorial [Amritsar, India], bowing his head and standing in silence” (BBC February 20, 2013).This news was encouraging to read and I appreciated the positive gesture by the Prime Minister.Seventy-three years ago(on March 19, 1940), there was another tragedy in India that underscored the brutality of the British Raj: hundreds of members of the Khaksar Movement (KhaksarTehrik) were brutally attacked by police in British India. Allama Mashriqi founded the Khaksar Movement in 1930 to bring freedom to India. The Movement was established on the principles of noncommunalism and non-sectarianism . On February 28, 1940, the Punjab Government (headed by the Governor, Sir Henry Duffield Craik)announced in a Gazette Ex-

traordinary that the activities of certain organizations were banned. The Hindustan Times(Feb. 29, 1940) wrote, “It is understood that the Punjab Government’s orders are directed against the Khaksar organization.” Mashriqi and the Khaksars felt that the ban on their organization was completely unjustified. On March 19, 1940, in protest against Government’s order, 313uniformed Khaksars began a peaceful and nonviolent march in Lahore. The authorities were unaccustomed to any resistance or objections from citizens and were determined to stop the march. The Deputy Inspector General of Police (Wace), Senior Superintendent of Police (D. Gainsford), and the District Magistrate (F.C.Bourne)all arrived at the scene(The Indian Express [Ind.Ex.], Apr. 13, 1940),and Gains ford ordered the Khaksars to halt the march. But the Khaksars kept moving towards Badshahi Mosque (Lahore), where they were to offer prayers. To stop the Khaksar march, Gainsford immediately“…ran to the Tibbi police station to make adequate police arrangements and also

to summon armed police…”(Ind. Ex., Apr. 13, 1940) He also phoned the Superintendent of Police P.R.J. Morgan (Ind. Ex., Apr. 19, 1940) for help. Seasoned journalist Muhammad Saeed wrote in his book entitled Lahore: A Memoir(p. 153)that Gainsford (upon his return)“slapped Inayat Shah [a Khaksar] in the face.” Gainsford’s haughty attitude is not surprising, given the way the rulers at the time were accustomed to treating the natives.Meanwhile, 355 additional armed and lathi policemen –200 (Ind. Ex., Apr. 13, 1940)with Superintendent of Police P.R.J. Morgan and 155 (Ind. Ex., Apr. 19, 1940)with Deputy Superintendent P.C.D. Beaty and Inspector R.A. Disney -arrived at the site. Beaty ordered the policemen to open “fire” (Ind. Ex., Apr. 13, 1940)(“Maro, fire karo” per another newspaper [Ind. Ex., Apr. 19, 1940])and a scene of sheer brutality unfolded.The armed police indiscriminately opened fire on the unarmed Khaksars killing at least 200. Khaksar bodies began falling every where and the area was spattered with blood. The policemen who were mounted on horses tried to run over

the fallen Khaksars, inflicting additional injuries or killing them. In an attempt to save the lives of his fellow Khaksars, the Khaksar leader ordered them to disperse immediately. The Khaksars (who were trained to obey orders) submitted and went in to nearby streets or houses in the neighborhood. There are some steps the British Govt can take today to help right these wrongs. First, the Govt of UK should publish the inquiry commission’s report and extend a formal apology to the people of the Indian subcontinent. Additionally, the UK Govt should sponsor two monuments, one at Karol Bagh (Delhi) where Allama Mashriqi was arrested and the second in Lahore, where Mashriqi’s innocent son died and the Khaksar massacre took place. PM David Cameron’s gesture at Jallianwala Bagh was commendable. Surely the aforementioned steps would go a long way towards mending old wounds remaining from the British Govt’s brutal treatment of Mashriqi and the Khaksars, which was no less than the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy. —The writer, a scholar and historian, is a grandson of Allama Mashriqi.

Views From Abroad

Can Obama, Netanyahu work it out? Aaron David Miller


hen President Obama sits down next week with Ben jamin Netanyahu during his trip to Israel, they’ll bring a lot more baggage to the meeting than their briefing books. And it’s been clear from the beginning that Obama and Netanyahu were doomed to dysfunction. Netanyahu is preternaturally suspicious of America’s role in the peace process, and particularly of someone like Obama, who aspires to do big things. And Obama’s naive push for a settlement freeze and apparent lack of an emotional connection to Israel have contributed to the tension. One presidential visit won’t forge a reconciliation. But increasing pressures to manage the Iranian nuclear issue, the peace process and Netanyahu’s need to remain relevant in his new government just might. This odd couple’s ties are the most tenuous we’ve seen between the White House and Jerusalem. From the beginning, the Obama administration has prompted a batten-down-the-hatches mentality in Netanyahu’s circle — much the same way tough anti-settle-

ment talk from President George H.W. Bush and Secretary of State James Baker worried Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir. Netanyahu has played a big part in creating the tension, too — embarrassing a very pro-Israel Vice President Biden with the announcement of new housing construction in east Jerusalem during Biden’s trip to Israel in 2010, lecturing Obama during a news conference while visiting Washington in 2011 and sending signals in 2012 that he would prefer to work with Mitt Romney as president. Sure, settlements are bad — they humiliate Palestinians, erode the chances for a two-state solution and pre-judge the borders of such an agreement. But unless Obama was prepared to pressure or punish Netanyahu if he didn’t stop expanding the settlements — something no Israeli prime minister, no matter how dovish, would do — pushing this issue was a key to an empty room. By making a settlement freeze the centrepiece of his approach to negotiations, Obama lost credibility with Israel and then with the Palestinians and Arabs when he backed down. Trying to bribe the Israelis with military hardware in 2010 if they would agree to a freeze made Obama

look even worse. Add to the president’s missteps the fact that Netanyahu trusts no one, certainly not Arabs and Americans who think they know his region better than he does. Netanyahu once told me that I should never forget that I lived in Chevy Chase, Md., not in his tough neighbourhood. During his first incarnation as prime minister, from 1996 to 1999, he even annoyed and distrusted Bill Clinton, a man who understood Netanyahu and cut him more than a few breaks. What is required, though, is respect, understanding and reciprocity that create trust, or at least the ability to work together on things that are important to both countries. And despite the dysfunction at the top, the institutional relationship between the United States and Israel is probably closer than ever, through security cooperation, intelligence-sharing and joint military exercises. There isn’t likely to be a dramatic transformation in Obama and Netanyahu’s relationship, and certainly not on this visit. Any amelioration will come if and when the two countries find common ground on dealing with the Palestinians and on keeping Iran from developing nuclear weapons.

Obama isn’t looking for a fight right now. He is already a historic president; he wants to be a great one, too. And that means taking his biggest risks on a domestic agenda, not a foreign one. (He has acknowledged that the chances for Mideast peace are bleak.) His domestic legacy requires working with Republicans or taking the House back in 2014. So he’ll want to avoid fights with Israel that will stir up Republicans and make Democrats nervous. If Netanyahu wants to be remembered as more than a do-nothing prime minister, and if Obama wants to avoid being the American president on whose watch Iran gets the bomb and the two-state solution expires, they’ll have to cooperate. As leaders, their time is running out. I’m betting they make the effort to work together. But if not, they can always go back to the alternative. They certainly have had plenty of practice. The writer is a vice president and distinguished scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Centre. He served as a Middle East analyst, adviser and negotiator for Republican and Democratic secretaries of state from 1980 to 2003. — Courtesy: The Washington Post

Buying insurance..!


hough I see more and more people trying to become suc cessful insurance agents, I do know that selling insurance isn’t one of the easiest sales jobs; it’s tough, because the last thing people want to be reminded about is their death, or them having an accident. “Sir, I am from the insurance company, may I make an appointment with you?” “No!” “But sir, you may regret

it later!” “I won’t, because I’ll be dead by then!” But I’ve noticed that flying insurance is easier to sell, and a great percentage of people when booking air travel online also pay the extra for insurance. Why is that? I guess it’s apparent, flying does have its share of risks and it makes sense to insure yourself so that somebody will benefit with your death. In other words you are trying to remove a little bit of their sorrow in case your plane crashes. “My husband’s plane crashed!” “Oh I’m so sorry for you!” “But he got himself insured before taking the flight!” “Oh you lucky woman!” But what about death insurance of a different kind: We all

know our years on this earth are three score years and ten, maybe a decade or two thrown in for good measure. What happens afterwards? Not to those left behind, but you yourself? Have you got insurance? As I hear the various scams taking place in our country and the millions and billions that are being siphoned off, I wonder what these people expect when they finally face life beyond. “So Air Marshall, it’s three hundred and sixty crores bribe is it?” “Yes my Lord!” “Did you bring any with you?” “No my Lord!” “What have you brought with you? You have brought a soul that is corrupt, a heart full of deceit, a cheating spirit.

Begone there is no place for you here!” We have only a few decades on this earth, and an eternity afterwards, what insurance do you have that you will spend that eternity with God? Maybe it’s time you started looking at your insurance policy. Maybe it’s time our nation, corrupt, crooked and criminal looks at its insurance policy too, a close, long look before we boast about our economy and financial ability twenty years hence and our country overtaking the rest of the world. Take a hard long look at your soul: Start buying insurance..! —

Voice of the People Emerging political culture? ALI ASHRAF KHAN


atching a video clip telecast on many Pakistani TV channels showing Choudhry Shujat Hussain, Mushahid Hussain and PML (Q) elite including party women watching a ‘cultural’ performance was pathetic. What was displayed there as ‘culture’ was a female dancer in revealing dress dancing in a sexually provocative and seductive way waving her hair and gesturing towards the men watching her artistic skills? Female party members with their head covered so as to make an appearance of decency were also attending the show with enthusiasm. Is that the part of culture and tradition that should be perpetuated in Pakistan? There is no doubt that Punjabi culture has this tradition of mujras but do we have to keep all culture alive? At least such things should not be shown on TV during prime time. Yesterday’s video reminds me of a dance clip on U-Tube showing the then ruler and mentor of Q-League party dance on famous tune “Sanno Neher Waley Pulltey Bullakey” one of another episode called Pakistani ‘culture’ was; some time ago women were buried alive somewhere in Balochistan, and when an outcry was heard in the country one of the Senate members from Balochistan defended the burial by saying ‘this is our culture’. Are we so uncritical towards our cultural tradition? —Karachi

Double parking fee MUHAMMAD UBAIR KHAN At different location in Karachi, Karachiites are being charged double the parking fees be government institutes. KMC charges the most in Karachi, where the set fees is Rs. 10 per car and Rs 5 per motorcycle, but the citizen are being charged at double the rate. And now there are places where there is no parking fee, but the citizens are being forcibly looted. For a while now charged parking at Tariq Road for a car is Rs 20 but the interesting thing is that the receipt given is of Rs 10 and amount recovered is Rs 20. Citizens have several times informed the concerned departments but to no avail. At the Sunday Bazaar on University Road opposite to Safari Park, citizens are forcibly charged Rs 20 for parking. Dispute and conflict between the citizens and the parking staff has become a norm. At the shopping malls at the corner of Rashid Minahs Road and Dalmia Road, Millennium Mall and Saima Center, citizens pay Rs 30 for parking. Charged parking other than that of KMC’s are also charging extra. It is requested to the authorities to get rid of this harassment. —Karachi

A job well done REHAN ALI Karachi Police have arrested six Taliban militants responsible for the Abbas Town bombing in which more than fifty people lost their lives. The police also recovered two pistols and hundred kilos of explosives from the possession of the terrorists. This is remarkable work by the Karachi Police and this shows if the police works with a lot of diligence and enthusiasm, it can do wonders. Hats off to the Karachi Police for a job well done. —Islamabad

ment needs to take some more positive steps for the betterment of the youth. In this regard, it is important to tell that at present most of the internships were awarded to the graduate students of Punjab, and they were sent to different institutions of Punjab in order to carry on their internship. For example at present many students are doing their internships in different primary and high schools, and majority of them are playing a vital role in sharing their knowledge at different levels. Most of the students are demanding that as they are having good educational background, and are updated with the latest knowledge of the world, so they are in a good position to be appointed permanently as teachers in these schools. This is a valid point from their side, as by doing so there are positive aspects that the education on the grass root level will be improved. Moreover If Punjab government provides them certain trainings regarding teaching and teaching techniques, and then they will be in a position to deliver their best to this institution. It is the need of the hour that the government and civil society should join hands together to invest in positive youth development activities so that the vision of a brighter and progressive Pakistan can twirl out to be reality in the near future. —Mianwali

Why Raisani again? DANISH ALI

Why is the government of Nawab Aslam Raisani back in Balochistan? Was he not removed because of his utter incompetency as the leader of a province? Was his government not made to step down after massive Shia protests demanding the installation of governor rule? Was this minority community not vocal enough when they said they had had enough of the corrupt Raisani government and wanted a change that would help protect them and their rights? I do not care much about leMUHAMMAD UZAIR NIAZI gal and constitutional jargon — I only pray that people like Raisani do not Diogenes Laertius a biographer of get a shot to lead any sort of governthe Greek philosophers once said ment after the upcoming elections. that “The foundation of every state —Lahore is the education of its youth”. Youth holds a great importance for any nation, and has the ability to take ATIF M MAJOKA their nation to a climax. The factor of youth holds a great importance in this globalized world, where na- Debate on Pakistani culture has been tions are mounting up by an interesting topic ever since the mainstreaming their youth in a creation of the country. It is even proper direction. On the other hand more intriguing that some of the if the youth of any state, is not leading media anchors, who otherguided properly, then there are ex- wise are more like reporters or potreme chances that they will tilt to- litical analysts with a certain wards a different path in which both mindset, have often been seen as the society and their personal lives battling and struggling with the question of Pakistani culture in talk will be at a stake. Pakistan is blessed with a good shows. There is no dearth of experts ratio of youth, and this youth has in Pakistan but, as we all know, the the ability to uplift Pakistan to new ratings driven electronic media is heights. The point to ponder is that, more concerned about its own comwhat ways should be adopted so mercial interests than educating the that the youth in Pakistan can be masses on sensitive issues like culproperly streamlined. The present ture. Such talk shows often start with security situation of the country is ‘vulgar’ scenes from Pakistani or worsening day, and other hand due brother Islamic countries television to less foreign investment the job plays and then right-wing custodiopportunities for the youth are de- ans of our ‘morals’ flog the so-called pleting very rapidly. Young and liberals for disillusioning commoneducated boys and girls are not hav- ers on sacred cultural issues. Pakistan is a culturally diverse ing good opportunities to have new jobs, and as a result the frustration country with almost no dominant among the youth is mounting very culture except the state boosted sorapidly. They are not navigating in called Islamic culture, which actuthe proper direction, and the main ally emerged under the regime of reason for this is that the govern- General Ziaul Haq. The country held ment has failed to deliver good edu- its first games in 1948 and the cation and employment opportuni- founder of Pakistan and head of the ties to its people. A trend that has largest Muslim state of the time acmounted up in few past years is the cepted a salute from the athletes, concept of brain drain, where most which included female athletes clad of the talented students of Pakistan in shorts, yet no moral or cultural are going to abroad for studies. On questions were raised. Jinnah could the other hand those students with not speak the Urdu language, which a strong background are also go- was not spoken natively anywhere in Pakistan and is often taken as the ing to other countries. At present the Punjab govern- biggest symbol of so-called Pakiment has given internships to the stani culture. Shalwar kameez, as the graduate students of Punjab. This Pakistani cultural symbol, was inis a good step in improving the troduced in the 1970s as the national overall segment of the youth as this dress. If one watches Pakistani telewill give them new experiences, vision plays up until the late 1970s, and will make them capable to both male and female actors wore share their knowledge in a proper western dresses. Pakistan is a multicultural counway. But still the Punjab govern-

Youth is future

Diverse culture

try. Faiz Ahmed Faiz and people like Hanif Ramay, for the first time, dared to counter the religion based establishment’s narrative in the early 1970s and endeavoured to find a solid culture based identity for the country. Lok Virsa is one example of their work but the narrative did not suit the Pakistani establishment. In reaction, the establishment fired back with a lot more vigour and the idea of religious nationalism was imposed through instruments of Islamic culture the consequence of which is our widely spread exhibitionist religiosity. Culture is nothing stagnant; it is something that is always in a state of change. Most Pakistanis today do not dress like their grandfathers nor do they speak their language. Culture evolves under scientific and social influences. It cannot be frozen in a particular moment in time. Pakistani culture is what Pakistanis do at any point in time. If we observe keenly we may notice that the same media anchor who otherwise sound nostalgic culturally always uses the word ‘break’ instead of the Urdu word for it. —Melbourne, Australia

**** MARYAM IFTIKHAR The ‘Arabisation’ of Pakistan is taking on very quick, very clever proportions. From women sporting those big, puffy, back-combed hijabs to the ‘Al Bakistan’ number plates one can see on cars in affluent areas of the city, there seems to be no stopping of the Pakistani fascination with the Arab culture, language and traditions. Why is this? Do we not have a strong enough heritage of our own? Do we not feel pride in our national language and ways of dressing? Is our nationalism so flimsy that anything even slightly Arab in nature will make us leave our own ways behind? I am no fan of this new culture that is seeping into our heartland and I hope people will wake up to their patriotism soon. —Lahore

Judicial accountability MAZHAR BUTT Having been pushed into unending litigation for many years, it makes me think about why there is no accountability for judges who pass illegal orders. Why is a judge, who acts illegally in imparting justice, allowed to simply walk away unpunished? To clear my point, let me first explain what an illegal order is. It is an order illegally passed by a judge against whom the aggrieved files a review, revision or appeal as a last chance for getting justice and is an order that is remanded by the appellate court on the grounds of being illegal, null and void. Needless to say, a judge will only pass an illegal order if he is incompetent, callous or has some unknown reasons for taking such liberty with the law. If anyone wants to count the number of illegal cases reverted and retried he can look them up in law digests or ask any senior lawyer. It is definitely not desirable that any judge pass illegal orders or judgments for any reason and my prayer is that, if he does, he ought to be held accountable and appropriate action, such as suspending him, be taken by the higher ups. Unless judges too are made accountable it may not be possible to serve justice as the law itself tends to act as a tool of destruction in incompetent hands. If accountability is desired it should be desired for all without exception. It may be requested that the Judicial Council look into this matter as well. —Karachi

READERS are requested to type their letters legibly with double spacing and only on one side of the paper.



Civilians become targets


OR the United States and its allies, the tribes across the Muslim world remain a mystery. Because they were outside the realm of globalization, they were easy to see as natural allies of al Qaeda. Without an understanding of these tribes’ social and religious val- such denigration of minorities has been heard be- national army attacks, suicide bombers and tribal ues, writes Akbar Ahmed, the U.S.-led war on ter- fore, and as recent history teaches, it never ends warfare. This has forced millions to flee their homes ror will not end in any kind of recognizable vic- well for the abused people. to seek shelter elsewhere and live in destitute contory. By 2012, the United States, in a move typical for its propensity to opt for excess in any matter of security, had commissioned just under 20,000 drones. About half of these are in use. The United States has failed to understand the nature of tribal society. Ignoring the moral debate, drone operators are equally infatuated with the weapon and the sense of power it gives them. It leaves them “electrified” and “adrenalized.” Flying a drone is said to be “almost like playing the computer game Civilization,” a “sci-fi” experience. A U.S. drone operator in New Mexico revealed the extent to which individuals across the world can be observed in their most private moments. “We watch people for months,” he said. “We see them playing with their dogs or doing their laundry. We know their patterns, like we know our neighbors’ patterns. We even go to their funerals.” Another drone operator spoke of watching people having sex at night through infrared cameras. The last statement, in particular, has to be read keeping in mind the importance Muslim tribal peoples give to notions of modesty and privacy. The victims of all drone attacks are, in effect, treated like insects. That description is not my invention, but a reflection of the military slang for a The aftermath of a US drone strike in Yemen in September. The US claimed the attack killed six successful strike. The victim that is blown apart on Islamist militants but the Yemeni government said the target was missed and 13 civilians were killed. the screen in a display of blood and gore is called Still, the fact of the matter is that several tribal ditions as hapless refugees. “Every day,” say Mus“bug splat.” Muslim tribesmen were reduced to societies the Pukhtun, Yemenis and Somalis have lim tribesmen, “is like 9/11 for us.” These societies bugs or, as David Ignatius put it in a Washington become embroiled, in their own different ways, in live in areas administered by central governments Post op-ed, cobras to be killed at will. Any com- America’s war on terror. They are the main targets whose ability to bomb, kidnap, humiliate and rape promise with the Taliban in the Tribal Areas of of American drone attacks, and there are reports of tribal members at will has been enhanced by U.S.

How U.S. Drones Miss Their Target would do well to remember that, with their ancient practices, these tribal communities represent the very foundations of human history. In the most profound sense, they allow all societies a glimpse of their origins. The disruption of these fragile societies is a high-stakes gamble for civilization. Unless urgent and radical steps are taken to prevent this process and ensure a modicum of stability, the future for these communities looks grim. It would be wholly illusory for Americans to consider this a triumph of their interdiction strategy or to take it lightly. There is no doubt that the tribal societies’ codes of honor and revenge will lead to escalating global violence. In the end, this may well bring about the destruction of one of the oldest forms of human society. Cowboys and aliens Just as the drone is an appropriate metaphor for the current age of globalization, the thistle captures the essence of tribal societies. Without this understanding, the war on terror will not end in any kind of recognizable victory. One of the hardiest, most self-reliant of flowers, the thistle has a beauty all its own, despite its lack of sparklingly bright colors, soft petals or fragrance. Some find its cactus-like air of defiance, clearly a warning to passersby, rather appealing. The tribal Scots were impressed enough to make it their national symbol. In it they saw something of their own character as a proud, hardy and martial people ready to protect their independence with grit and determination. Indeed, the Scottish clans are frequently compared with other thistle-like tribes such as the Pukhtun, Somali, Kurd and Bedouin. Love of freedom, egalitarianism, a tribal lineage system defined by common ancestors and clans, a martial tradition and a highly developed code of

It is in the interest of the United States to understand, in all the tribal societies with which it is engaged, the people, their leadership, history, culture, their relationship with the center, their social structures and the role Islam plays in their lives. Without this understanding, the war on terror will not end in any kind of recognizable victory as current military actions and policies are only exacerbating the conflict. Pakistan, officially designated as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), is “like playing with a cobra,” he wrote. And do we “compromise” with cobras? Ignatius rhetorically asked. “No, you kill a cobra.” Bugs, snakes, cockroaches, rats

similar strikes against the Kurds. As a result, Americans have never been clear as to where al Qaeda ends and where the tribe begins and why they resort to violence. hese various populations have been traumatized not only by American missiles, but also by

financial and military backing in the war on terror. For the tribes, this has been the worst of fates, leaving them emasculated and helpless. Every moral boundary they know has been crossed, every social structure attacked. Amidst all these calamities, we

honor and revenge these are the thistle-like characteristics of all of these tribal societies. Moreover, as with the thistle, there is a clear correlation between their prickliness, or toughness, and the level of force used by those who wish to subdue these societies,

as the Americans discovered after 9/11. For all that these thistle-like tribes knew, the Americans who arrived in their midst could have been from Mars. Their reaction is not unlike that captured by the 2011 Hollywood film Cowboys and Aliens, set in the Old West of the 19th century. In the opening scene, some Americans are attacked without provocation by aliens who use an unknown technology to capture humans and fly them away for torture and interrogation. To the tribesmen, the Americans who came from nowhere in flying machines no one had seen before and abruptly disappeared with their catch were seen as aliens, with their abnormally large frames covered in strange padding, protruding wires, protective helmets and peculiar weapons. Current military actions and policies as pursued by the United States are only exacerbating the conflict. hese invaders could see at night through their glasses, speak into those wires and command deadly airstrikes while resting on the ground. They appeared to have few social skills and neither offered nor received hospitality. As the aliens in the movie, Americans were loud, rude and violent and expressed no interest in the land or its people. The tribes thought the reasons the Americans gave for invading their regions were incomprehensible. For example, 92% of the people surveyed in the Pukhtun-dominated areas of Kandahar and Helmand a decade after the war began in Afghanistan had never heard of 9/11 and therefore had no idea of its significance for Americans. The Americans, even the few who stopped to remember their own Native American tribes, considered the Muslim tribes they encountered after 9/11 a remnant of the past and did not quite know what to make of them. In their dusty settlements outside Kandahar, for instance the Americans saw them as primitive characters living in God-forsaken regions, some families still inhabiting caves or mud huts. Their unsmiling men wore turbans and had long beards. The women were covered from head to toe and restricted to domestic chores. Donkeys and camels were the main means of transport and their code of behavior demanded savage forms of revenge. Stories circulating of the brutal slaughter of enemies or “honor killings” of women weighed heavy on many American minds. Most worrying of all, every one of these tribesmen was regarded as a potential al Qaeda sympathizer and therefore a terror suspect. —Courtesy: Global Security

Popular democracy

Leaving world stage

Giving Communities a Voice in Resilience

Venezuelans flood streets for another Chavez coffin parade



HE way international aid agen cies design disaster intervention programs is criticized for largely ignoring the most valuable source of expertise-affected rural communities.

shocks learn to adapt, using their own resources and knowledge. Yet many international aid programmes have outside “experts” craft interventions without the involvement of those they seek to help. And many development projects do not actually promote adaptability, said Simon Levine of

Contrary to popular belief, most rural communities facing recurrent climate shocks learn to adapt, using their own resources and knowledge. Yet many international aid programmes have outside “experts” craft interventions without the involvement of those they seek to help. Since interventions are often ad-hoc and in- the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), formation dissemination to isolated commu- in a 2012 Oxfam blog post. “The vast majority of these interventions, and the people nities is poor, communities are unable to designing and running them, never talked plan for the long term. The Partners for Reabout ‘change’ or ‘the future’ at all… If you silience coalition, however, works specifically with local stakeholders to create a set want to help people be able to deal with of minimal standards for disaster risk re- change, then you have to start by thinking

As a result, the communities were better able to prepare for the poor rains. Since they had already developed a positive relationship with their local governments, they were able to effectively communicate their needs, which included water points, planting trees and improved seeds. duction, enabling them to forge relationships with meteorological agencies, interpret early warning signals and communicate needs with their local governments. Meanwhile, the “ACCRA” partnership works to strengthen knowledge dissemination on climate forecasts and related shocks like food prices and population growth to local communities. These NGOs act as a model for more needs-based adaptation programs and community empowerment in future adaptation efforts. Contrary to popular belief, most rural communities facing recurrent climate

about them as people who have their own minds and preferences and plans, and the right to choose, and the right to be able to make an informed choice. They don’t need skills that are right for today half as much as they need to know where they can find the skills they may need tomorrow.” But a handful of NGOs is asking communities what they need to better adapt to changing environmental and climatic conditions. Such initiatives seek practical ways to implement resilience while taking into account the strengths, coping mechanisms and ideas of the people they intend to assist.

Minimum standards: One such initiative is Partners for Resilience (PfR), a collaboration of CARE Netherlands, Cordaid, the Netherlands Red Cross, the Red Cross/ Red Crescent Climate Centre, Wetlands International and 30 civil society partners in the global South. Established in 2011, PfR works in nine countries in Africa, Asia and Central America. Based on its interactions with local communities, local and national government representatives, and other partners, the initiative has drawn up a list of minimum standards to help local actors reduce climate-related disaster risks. The list “does not aim for impossibly idealized solutions but for practical approaches that are achievable by communities with relatively limited support”, explained Maarten van Aalst, head of the Red Cross/Red Crescent Climate Centre. At the very least, the minimum standards say, a community must: be aware that future climate risks will be different from today’s; be able to interpret early warnings about possible climatic shocks and use them in local adaptation; be able to conduct and update risk assessments; and identify ways to adapt or change existing livelihoods. The community should also have relationships with meteorological agencies, and be able communicate their needs to government and climate changerelated officials. Boosting adaptability: In 2009, another group of NGOs - including Oxfam, Care International, Save the Children, World Vision International and ODI - formed the Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance (ACCRA) to explore how development interventions could improve people’s adaptive capacity. ACCRA works to understand communities’ mindsets before determining interventions. It studies how they cope with shocks, their local institutional arrangements and their power relations, and it explores the social networks they rely on for support. ACCRA also tries to engage communities on issues beyond just climate change-related shocks and disasters, considering long-term trends like rising food prices, increasing temperatures and population growth - issues that require flexible and forward-looking decision-making. For example, ACCRA has partnered with the Red Cross/Red Crescent Climate Centre, the firm Abaci and Antidote Games to develop a game to encourage locals to make flexible and forward-looking decisions in response to real-world climate-change scenarios. The game is being used in research workshops in Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda. —Courtesy: IRIN



by Chavez as his preferred successor. He is running in an April 14 vote. “Chavez, I promise you, my vote is for Maduro,” read the headbands, repeating a slogan at progovernment rallies.

UNDREDS of thousands of Venezuelans were on the streets again on Friday at a funeral pa rade for Hugo Chavez amid opposition protests that the government was exploiting his death to win the election. Chavez’s remains were transported for about 12 miles (20 km) through Caracas from an army academy to a military museum on a hillside where the former soldier launched his political career with a failed coup in 1992. The events were the culmination of 10 days of official mourning in the South American OPEC nation led by the flamboyant socialist president for 14 years until his death from cancer. A state funeral was held a week ago. “You are a giant,” his daughter Maria Gabriela said in an emotional religious service before the procession began. “Fly freely and breathe deep with the winds of the hurricane. We will care for your fatherland and defend your legacy. You will never leave, your flame is in our hands.” Though his remains will for now be placed Guards run next to the hearse holding the body of Venezuela’s late President Hugo in the museum on the edge of the populous Chavez during his funeral parade in Caracas. January 23 neighbourhood - arguably the “I’ve got 500 and I’m going to sell them powerful and wealthy elite and the U.S. most militantly pro-Chavez zone in the counall easily. Chavez left Maduro in charge and government. The deification of Chavez in try - there was still doubt over his final resting place. The government wanted to em- he will be president,” said Miguel Angel, death has taken surreal turns. Maduro sugbalm Chavez “for eternity” in the style of 43, selling the headbands. The opposition, gested that in heaven Chavez helped persuade Christ to choose a Latin American Soviet leaders Vladimir Lenin and Joseph whose presidential candidate Henrique Stalin and China’s Mao Zedong. But em- Capriles faces a tough battle to beat Maduro pope. And the state oil company PDVSA has been distributing a flyer titled “Chavez barrassingly, officials said the process should amid so much emotion over Chavez, says have started earlier and confirmed on FriAt stake in the upcoming election is not only the day that it had been ruled out. A Russian future of Chavez’s leftist revolution but also the medical team told the government the body would have to be taken to Russia for seven continuation of Venezuelan oil subsidies and other to eight months to carry out the procedure, aid crucial to the economies of leftist allies around Venezuela’s information minister said. Parliament had been due to debate a Latin America, from Cuba to Bolivia motion this week to amend the constitution the government is mawkishly protracting Crucified” amplifying the government’s so that Chavez’s body could be buried in the National Pantheon, close to the remains of the mourning and exploiting his coffin as a accusation that he may have been infected his idol and South American independence campaign prop. Capriles, a 40-year-old state with cancer by his enemies. “Chavez is a hero Simon Bolivar. The constitution states governor who views Brazil as his political Christ, he suffered for his people, he extinguished himself in their service, he suffered that honour can only be accorded to leaders and economic model, plans to begin camhis own C Calvary, he was assassinated by 25 years after their death. But the debate was paigning around the country over the weekdelayed amid talk Chavez’s corpse might end. “We urge those indiscriminately using imperialists, he died young ... and he perinstead be taken to his hometown Sabaneta, the president’s name for the capture of votes formed miracles in life,” it said. That level in the Venezuelan “llanos,” or plains, to ful- to halt this perverse method of electoral of eulogy is drawing scorn in some circles for a man who, though loved by millions of fil his oft-stated wish to lie alongside the proselytism,” an opposition communiqu é said. Venezuela’s poor for his welfare policies and grandmother who raised him in a mud-floor “Let’s have a decent campaign, with- down-to-earth style, was also hated as an home. Crowds of red-shirted “Chavistas” authoritarian bully by large segments of lined the streets for Friday’s parade. Some out unfair advantages or abuses of power.” wore headbands with the name of acting That, many analysts say, looks unlikely society. —Courtesy Reuters President Nicolas Maduro, who was picked given the government’s vastly superior fi-


Waiting verdict

HIS month marks the 10th anniversary of the controversial US-led invasion of Iraq. What has that decision wrought over the last decade? More important, was the decision to invade rightly made? On the positive side, analysts point to the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, the creation of an elected government, and an economy growing at nearly 9 percent per year, with oil exports surpassing their pre-war level. Some, such as Nadim Shehadi of Chatham House, go further, arguing that, while “the US certainly bit off more than it could chew in Iraq”, the US’ intervention “may have shaken the region out of (a) stagnation that has dominated the lives of at least two generations”. Skeptics reply that it would be wrong to link the Iraq War to the “Arab Spring”, because events in Tunisia and Egypt in 2011 had their own origins, while US President George W. Bush’s actions and rhetoric discredited, rather than advanced, the cause of democracy in the region. Removing Saddam was important, but Iraq is now a violent place governed by a sectarian group, with one corruption index ranking it 169th out of 174 countries. Whatever the benefits of the war, skeptics ar-

History will judge Bush on Iraq War


gue, they are too meager to justify the costs: more than 150,000 Iraqis and 4,488 US service members

another country. As former secretary of defense Robert Gates put it shortly before stepping down,

consequences of the Iraq War, it is not too soon to judge the process by which the Bush administra-

Bush lacks comparable successes to compensate for his mismanagement of Iraq. History tends to be unkind to the unlucky, but historians also judge leaders in terms of the causes of their luck. Good coaches analyze their game and their opponent’s game, so that they can capitalize on errors and benefit from “good luck”. By contrast, reckless reality testing and unnecessary risk-taking are often part of “bad luck”. Future historians are likely to fault Bush for these shortcomings. killed, and an estimated cost of nearly $1 trillion (not including long-term health and disability costs for some 32,000 wounded US soldiers). Perhaps this balance sheet will look different a decade from now, but at this point most Americans have concluded that the skeptics are right, and that thinking has influenced current US foreign policy. In the next decade, it is very unlikely that the US will try another prolonged occupation and transformation of

nancial resources and pro-government supporters’ dominance of state institutions. Fighting back against that impression, however, the government says Capriles is a well-financed puppet of both Venezuela’s

any adviser recommending such action “should have his head examined”. Some call this isolationism, but it might better be called prudence or pragmatism. After all, Dwight D. Eisenhower refused to send US troops to save the French at Dien Bien Phu in 1954 because he feared that they would be “swallowed up by the divisions” in Vietnam. And Ike was hardly an isolationist. While a decade may be too soon to render a definitive verdict on the long-term

tion made its decisions. Bush and his officials used three main arguments to justify invading Iraq. The first tied Saddam to al-Qaida. Public-opinion polls show that many Americans accepted the administration’s word on the connection, but the evidence has not sustained it. Indeed, the evidence that was presented publicly was thin and exaggerated. The second argument was that replacing Saddam with a democratic regime was a way to transform Middle

East politics. A number of neoconservative members of the administration had urged regime change in Iraq well before taking office, but were unable to turn it into policy during the first eight months of the administration. After Sept 11, 2001, they quickly moved their policy through the window of opportunity that the terrorist attacks had opened. Bush spoke often of regime change and a “freedom agenda”, with supporters citing the role of US military occupation in the democratization of Germany and Japan after World War II. But the Bush administration was careless in its use of historical analogies and reckless in its inadequate preparation for an effective occupation. The third argument focused on preventing Saddam from possessing weapons of mass destruction. Countries which followed the US agreed that Saddam had defied United Nations Security Council resolutions for a dozen years. Moreover, Resolution 1441 unanimously put the burden of proof on Saddam. Bush was later faulted when inspectors failed to find WMDs. He has said that history will redeem him, and compares himself to President Harry S. Truman, who left office with low poll ratings because of the Korean War, yet is well regarded today. Will history really be so kind to Bush? —Courtesy: China Daily

Spain soon to end

Zardari felicitates President Xi

From Page 1

the President also expressed the hope that the time tested Pak- China relations will grow from strength to strength during the presidency of Xi Jinping and that the drive for passing on this relationship to the new generations will gain further momentum. Spokesperson Senator Farhatullah Babar said that bilateral relations and regional situation also came up during the telephonic conversation. Expressing satisfaction over the recent transfer of operation and maintenance of Gawadar Port to China President Zardari expressed the hope that the project would not only open up new opportunities for the peoples of the two countries particu-

Spain in Herat, in order to be repatriated.”Around 45 Spanish members of the military are ready to return to Spain on Tuesday following the recent closure of combat bases in Ludina and Moqur. According to reports Spanish troops from the other units, who have already been deactivated, are also in Herat waiting to take a flight back to Spain. Spain’s presence will be limited only to western Herat province of Afghanistan with the withdrawal from Qala-i-Naw, originally planned for the next northern autumn.Spain had deployed around 1,400 troops under the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force mission in Afghanistan with the US-led invasion in 2001 to topple the Taliban regime.Around 100 Spanish military personnel have been killed since the mission in Afghanistan started, most of them in air accidents.—INP

From Page 1

US for free, fair From Page 1 transition in Pakistan’s history,” State Department spokesperson Victoria Nuland told reporters at her daily news conference. Responding to questions, Nuland said the US supports direct dialogue between India and Pakistan to improve their relationships. “We have been strongly supporting, both on the Indian side and the Pakistani side, direct dialogue between them, an improvement in their relationship. They’ve already made some good strides on the economic side, on the visa side,” she said. “We want that to continue. We want it to be expanded to some of these security concerns that they have with each other,” Nuland said. Nuland said the US has a very strong and continuing human rights dialogue with Pakistan as part of larger bilateral relationship.—INP

tion and expressed the hope that Pak-China friendship and multi-faceted mutual cooperation would further strengthen in the times to come. He also extended invitation to President Zardari to visit China. President Asif Ali Zardari said that he had visited China nine times since he assumed the office of President and that he looked forward to visit the country yet again on dates to be worked out by the foreign offices of the two countries, the Spokesperson said.Spokesperson said that President Zardari is the first Head of State to telephone President Xi Jinping to felicitate him on his elections as the President of the People’s Republic of China.—Online

Wang Yi named China’s

PM, CMs agree Punjab Minister Shahbaz Sharif termed the meeting positive and said there was no deadlock over the issue, he was reported to have told the meeting that he would make any decision to dissolve the Punjab Assembly only after consultation with his elder brother and Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz Chief Nawaz Sharif. Shahbaz also requested Ashraf to replace governors, inspector generals of police and chief secretaries of Sindh, Punjab, Balochistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa provinces. On the other hand Balochistan Chief Minister Nawab Aslam Raisani has also threatened that he would not be sending advice for assembly’s dissolution on March 19.Sources said that he was angry, as he could not get assurance to address certain issues.Earlier on Friday, Balochistan Chief Minister Nawab Aslam Raisani had agreed to the dissolution of assembly along with three other provincial assemblies. It was moreover reported that Punjab, Sindh and KP had agreed to the dissolution of their assemblies on March 19.

From Page 1 larly for the people of Balochistan, but also open a new chapter in regional connectivity and trade. He said that Pakistan was eager to promote regional connectivity and trade for the socio-economic benefit of the people and for finding regional solutions t regional issues.The President said that China is a source of inspiration for Pakistan and the people of Pakistan rejoiced in China’s remarkable progress and were proud of their friendship with China. The President also invited President Xi Jinping to visit Pakistan on the date of his convenience. President Xi Jinping thanked the President for his call and felicita-

LAHORE: Students participating in flowers arrangement to celebrate Jashn-e-Baharan at Bagh-e-Jinnah.

PM stresses peaceful, fair elections

Colonel among 25

From Page 1

Since the incident took place at a remote hilly terrain, the rescuers faced difficulty in shifting the dead bodies and the injured persons to the hospital with some reports saying Army helicopters were called to help in the rescue operation. “The site of the accident is at three hours distance from the district headquarters of Kohistan which led to great difficulties in shifting of the bodies. The local people helped in the rescue operation”, sources said.

could play its role in the development of the democratic traditions. Referring to the situation of the country in 2008 when the present government took over, he said the state was facing dreaded crisis and the country was almost isolated at the international level. Economy was in bad shape, there was energy crisis, foreign exchange reserves had depleted to dangerous levels, country was facing food shortages and its survival was threatened by terrorism. He said in order to salvage the country, the government promoted national harmony, improved performance of institutions, laid foundations of an independent foreign policy and national flag was hoisted once again in Swat. The Prime Minister acknowledged that the government could not do enough during the last five years but added that it lessened the problems in inherited and strnegthening roots of the democracy so that no one could ambush it in future. Recounting five year achievements of the government, he said pursuing vision of reconciliation of Shaheed Benazir Bhutto, President Asif Ali Zardari initiated the policy of consensus and reconciliation and as a consequence country’s first woman speaker was unanimously elected beside unanimous election of the Prime Minister. 1973 constitution was restored in its original form through unanimous 18th, 19th and 20th amendments while almost all legislation was done through consensus. He said the government approved seventh NFC award devolving more financial resources to provinces and fulfilling longstanding demand for provincial autonomy. The Prime Minister said it was for the first in the his-

tory of the country that President Zardari voluntarily handed over his powers to the Parliament. It was also for the first time in the history of the country that the government presented it for accountability by appointing leader of the Opposition as Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee. The Prime Minister said it was because of farmer friendly policies of the government that the country is today self-sufficient in food stuff specially wheat and sugar and over one thousand billion rupees were injected in the rural economy because of revolutionary measures in the agricultural sector. He said despite challenges there was improvement in stock exchange due to successful policies of the government, exports crossed 25 billion dollars, home remittances crossed thirteen billion dollars and rate of inflation came down from 25 percent in 2008 to eight percent last year. He said the government allocated record funds for developmental activites, provided electricity to fifftythree thousand villages, 3.4 million new electricity connections were given and over 1.8 million gas connections were provided besides improving basic infrastructure in the country. The Prime Minister said the government restored image of the country in the comity of nations through an effective foreign policy and focused on the region. The foreign policy was restructured from aid to trade. The government promoted friendly relations with

China and Russia, historic agreement for handing over management of Gwadar Port to China was concluded and work on Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline was launched. He said credit also goes to the present government to pursue a foreign policy devised by the Parliament. About Balochistan, Raja Pervez Ashraf said the government launched AghazHaqooq-e-Balochistan and provided more financial resources to the provinces to address its sense of deprivation. The Prime Minister said the government inherited energy crisis and added four thousand megawatts to the system. Raja Pervez Ashraf said the government launched Benazir Income Support Programme for financial support of poor women and the programme is currently supporting seven million families. The Prime Minister said the PPP is committed to transparent, impartial and fair elections. The Prime Minister said we introduced a new kind of politics in the country through tolerance and discarding the tendency of victimisation. Referring to Saturday’s meeting with the Chief Ministers, the Prime Minister said he proposed to them holding of elections to the national and provincial assemblies on the same day in view of the ground realities. He said the participants of the meeting agreed to his proposal in principle. He said it is his endeavour to arrive at consensus on caretaker setups.

Body to probe From Page 1 its report in four weeks. The terms of reference of the commission, listed in the notification, are to examine “whether any outside institution or any individual in such institution other than NAB can act as investigator directly or indirectly in cases under the NAB ordinance, 1999”, whether it/he can “override provisions of the NAB ordinance…by assuming/arrogating powers of the Chairman”, or whether it/he “has overstepped their jurisdiction in violation of clause (2) of Article 175” of the Con-

stitution. Although the notification, a copy of which is available with, does not name any government institution, it is believed the commission will be investigating allegations against the Supreme Court contained in a letter written by Bokhari. In a hard-hitting letter addressed to his appointing authority, the president, Admiral (retd) Bokhari had cast serious doubts over the role of the apex court which he said “could be seen as prepoll rigging”.

Morsi due tomorrow From Page 1 tional issues. The two countries will also sign several agreements to promote cooperation in various fields. Mohamed Morsi is the first civilian and democratically elected President of Egypt to visit Pakistan. President Morsi’s visit to Islamabad is being seen as a watershed and a landmark in the traditional and friendly relations between the two large and important Muslim countries. President Morsyi’s decision to choose Pakistan as the first South Asian country for a bilateral visit manifests Egypt’s desire to add a new chapter to its bilateral ties with Pakistan. The engagements of the Egyptian President would

include one-on-one meeting with the President‚ followed by delegation level talks and banquet hosted by the President. The two leaders are expected to hold extensive discussions on all areas of bilateral relations including regional and international issues of mutual interest. They would also be signing a number of agreements. President Morsy’s visit is expected to impart dynamism to the bilateral ties and to expand‚ diversify and strengthen relations between the two countries in all spheres.On arrival at Noor Khan Airbase‚ President Morsy would be welcomed by a 21 Gun Salute and at the Aiwan-e-Sadr by a Guard of Honour.—NNI

From Page 1

Shahbaz says no agreement yet From Page 1 so far reached regarding dissolution of the provincial assemblies on the same day. However, he said the PML-N had no objection over holding of elections of national and provincial assemblies on the same day. Talking to media here at the PML-N central secretariat at Model Town on return from Islamabad after meeting Prime Minister Raja Parvez Ashraf and chief ministers of Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber Puktunkhwa, Shahbaz said that he had conveyed his party’s viewpoint that impartial persons must be appointed as caretakers in center and provinces during the meeting with the Prime Minister. “All political parties must be taken on board before finalization of caretaker set up in the center as well as provinces,” he added. He said that people with good reputation should be appointed as caretaker prime minister and chief ministers. Shahbaz through that upcoming elections would be “make or break for Pakistan. Shahbaz further said that he also congratulated Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Chief Minister for consent on the name of caretaker Chief Minister. He demanded that able and man of character should be picked as interim chief ministers of remaining provinces. He was of the view that real opposition in Sindh is PML-Functional and caretaker Chief Minister on agreement regarding name after consultation with real opposition parties in Sindh. Answering another question regarding caretaker set up in Balochistan, he said due consultation is needed for caretaker set up there with nationalist parties and others. “ The nationalists must not be annoyed,” he said.

While he sits on the powerful Central Military Commission, headed by President Xi, he is not one of its vice chairmen. The defense minister is more of a figurehead who will be the Chinese military establishment’s face to the outside world. Defense and foreign policy are both guided by the party’s inner circle, the seven-member Politburo Standing Committee, rather than by their respective ministers. Still, all three men face challenging jobs. China has looked warily at the U.S. strategic “pivot” to Asia, fearing it is part of efforts to contain China’s rising power, and both countries have fundamental disagreements about everything from human rights to

From Page 1 trade. China and Japan, the world’s second-and thirdlargest economies respectively, have always had problematic ties due to Japan’s occupation of parts of China until the end of World War Two. But the relationship deteriorated dramatically last year as a spat flared over ownership of a group of uninhabited islets in the East China Sea. Despite the rhetoric and fears of a military escalation, China and Japan have been trying to set ties back on track, in an acknowledgement of how crucial economic and investment links are. Japanese-speaking Wang should be able to help in this regard. The urbane Wang, 59,

won plaudits for helping improve relations with Taiwan, the self-ruled island China claims as its own, as minister of China’s Taiwan Affairs Office. The two sides have signed a series of economic agreements under his watch since 2008. The other turbulent area Wang has dealt with close up is North Korea, as China’s representative from 2007 to 2008 to six-party talks involving the two Koreas, the United States, Japan and Russia aimed at curbing Pyongyang’s nuclear ambitions. North Korea conducted a third nuclear test on February 12 and is ready to go ahead with a fourth and possibly fifth test. China is the isolated state’s only major ally.—AFP/Reuters

Blast near MQM headquarters From Page 1 a sensitive area and was heavily protected through walk-through gates, special deployment of activists of the MQM, police and City Wardens of Karachi Metropolitan Corporation. However, it was said that some unidentified terrorists had hurled a grenade on to the people that stood at a Pan Shop. The terrorists had easily managed to flee from the scene. Soon after the blast had occurred, heavy contingent of Police, Rangers and Bomb Disposal Squad had arrived at the scene. The en-

tire area was cordoned off from all four sides, which created massive traffic jams in the vicinity of the Mukka Chowk. Earlier, Pakistan Rangers Sindh had in a targeted operation against the terrorists had arrested 13 alleged terrorists from Teesar Town. A heavy cache of explosive, Tennis-bombs, grenade fabricating system, light machine gun, pistols, repeater guns, bullets and detonators were recovered from the possession of the arrested criminals. Rangers had cordoned off

the Teesar Town area before dawn and started the targeted operation.On the other hand, two persons were injured in Baldia Town and Garden East areas. Both were attacked by unidentified armed men, who had opened fire on them. None was arrested. The injured were shifted to hospitals.One person was gunned down in Sangu Lane area of Liyari while one Nadeem alias Mota was killed in New Karachi Sector 5-J area. Police recovered dead body of a young man, who had been strangulated to death.

Consensus developing on Ishrat Hussain ity on his candidature, sources said. In view of economic melt- down, Dr. Ishrat Hussain, an economist and banker is believed to be acceptable to all stakeholders as he has potential to put a stop on economic slide down. He is a technocrat and non- controversial figure. He is a right person to play a role of a neutral referee in the general elections, sources in both the parties said. His services to the nation as Governor State Bank of Pakistan and Chairman of Pay and Pension Committee are laudable. His recommendations to remove anomalies in the pay structure of public service employees and administrative reforms were welcomed by all segments of society. Meanwhile, the federal government has voiced reservations on the name of Justice (Retd) Nasir Aslam Zahid and Rasool Bux Palejo nominated by PML-N for the post of caretaker prime minister. Talking to media persons

From Page 1 here, Information Minister Qamar Zaman Kaira said that Nasir Aslam Zahid has an antiPPP background. “President Asif Ali Zardari was implicated in the murder of Justice Nizam, brother-in-law of Justice Nasir Aslam Zahid, during his jail term,” he said. He also rejected Rasool Bux Palejo’s nomination, saying Palejo’s son Latif Palejo was contesting and making alliance against the PPPP in Sindh. Kaira again termed the PML-N’s decision to propose names of Justice Nasir Aslam Zahid and Rasool Bux Palejo as a joke. He said the PPP was astonished that opposition leader in National Assembly Chaudhry Nisar had made reservations over two names given by the PPP led government for caretaker prime minister.The outgoing information minister said that PPP would not withdraw name of Dr Ishrat and more names for caretaker PM could be proposed.

Kaira further said if there was no consensus on the given names of the nominees, then new names could also be considered. He said the Election Commission of Pakistan should scrutinise the relationships of both nominees with the PPP before reaching any decision. Kaira said there was no ‘deadlock’ regarding caretaker premier and assured that the matter would be resolved according to constitutional provisions.The opposition has already rejected the government’s suggestions for caretaker premier, warning that the consultation process “can only move forward if the government withdraws all its nominees”.The government had picked Dr Ishrat Hussain , Justice (Retd) Mir Hazar Khan Khoso and Dr Abdul Hafeez Shaikh as its nominees for caretaker prime minister. Kaira said Dr Hafeez Sheikh was still in the race as contender for interim prime minister.

NA completing From Page 1 democratic trends. The outgoing house passed 134 bills as against previous assembly which passed only 51 bills. It was also during tenure of the present Assembly that 1973 Constitution was restored in its original form. President Asif Ali Zardari voluntarily handed over his powers to the Parliament and there was historic devolution of power, resources and authority from Federation to the provinces. According to a report by Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN) the 13th National Assembly stands out for prowomen legislation, passing treasury and private members’ bills against domestic violence, harassment at work and public places, anti-women practices and elevating the status of the LAHORE: Residents of Mohallah Sheikhabad demanding arrest of culprits of Josoph Colony tragedy commission on women.

Tribals want urgent truce between militant groups STAFF REPORTER

1 killed, 2 injured C H A K WA L —A young man was murdered while his two companions were seriously injured when two unidentified persons opened pistol shots at them at village Warala in the area of Kallar Kahar police station. Zaffar Iqbal told the police that they were going toward home when two unidentified armed opened fire on them. As a result, one, Asad Iqbal, was killed on the sport while two others were injured. Police after having the autopsy of dead body from DHQ hospital Chakwal registered a case of murder and an attempt of murder against the accused and started searching them.—NNI

5 injured in bomb blast MIRANSHAH—At least five security personals sustained severe injuries in remote control bomb explosion in the area of North Waziristan at Miranshah on Saturday. In the area of Miranshah, security personals vehicles were on routine patrolling when some unidentified terrorist exploded with remote control device. As a result the vehicles of the security personals destroyed fully and five persons wounded in this sad demise. Upon receiving information, Police reached on the site and shifted the injured persons to hospital for medical aid.—Online

Security facilities withdrawn ISLAMABAD—Security facilities would be withdrawn from all ministers from midnight tonight with the exception of Interior Minister Rehman Malik and Petroleum Minister Dr Asim Hussain. A notification in this regard has been issued. According to media reports, after the ending of term of the government a notification issued by the Interior Ministry says that all security personnel deputed with ministers with the exception of Interior Minister and Petroleum Minister should report back to their divisions and police line today (Sunday).—/Online

German CG visits Nine Zero Irfan Aligi KARACHI —The Consul General of Germany Tilo Klinner Saturday visited Muttahida Qaumi Movement headquarters, Nine Zero and met with MQM Deputy Conveners Dr Farooq Sattar and Nasreen Jalil. MQM Co-Ordination Committee members Raza Haroon and Kunwar Khalid Younus were also present. The German CG was warmly welcomed at the Nine Zero. The MQM team and the German CG had discussed about the political, economic and industrial situations.

2 killed, 2 injured in road mishaps D ERA M URAD J AMALI — Atleast two persons killed while two injured in two different road accidents here on Sunday. According to police sources, a speeding bus ran over a motorcycle on National-Highway, as a result Ghulam Mustafa 10 died on the spot, while his father Gulabi Khan and mother Taj Bakhat sustained critical injuries. The body and injured were shifted to Civil Hospital. Meanwhile, in another incident Khuda Bux Mengal was hit by a speeding jeep, as a result he succumbed to his injuries on the spot. Police took the jeep in custody. The Police have registered separate cases. —APP

A Swiss woman, centre, who, according to police, was gang-raped by a group of eight men is escorted by policewomen for a medical examination at a hospital in Gwalior on Saturday.

Swiss tourist gang-raped in India: police B HOPAL —A Swiss woman Mahal monument, in northern mission is in contact with local tourist was gang-raped in rural central India, police said on Saturday, the latest victim of sexual violence against women in the South Asian nation. The woman was on a cycling trip with her husband in impoverished Madhya Pradesh state, when seven to eight men attacked the couple on Friday night, sexually assaulting the woman and robbing the pair, police said. The attackers “tied up the man and raped the woman in his presence”, local police official S.M. Afzal told AFP, adding that they stole 10,000 rupees ($185) and a mobile phone from the woman. The attack comes just months after thousands took to the streets to protest against India’s treatment of women following the fatal gang-rape of a 23-year-old student on a bus in New Delhi in December. The couple were on their way to the tourist destination of Agra, home to the iconic Taj

Balochistan Assembly to be dissolved on March 19: Raisani STAFF REPORTER I S L A M A B A D —Balochistan Chief Minister Nawab Aslam Raisani has said that the Balochistan Assembly would be dissolved on March 19. Talking to Geo News on Saturday, he said that he would forward a summary to the governor on March 19 for the dissolution of the assembly. The chief minister said he still stood by his statement that his government was removed due to Reko Dik issue. Raisani said that during a meeting with Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf it was agreed that elections would be held in four provinces on the same date. He said that three chief ministers were agreed to dissolve assemblies on March 19 but Shahbaz Sharif sought time for consultation with his party.

India when they stopped to camp for the night in a village. “The victims, who belong to Switzerland, put up a tent to stay overnight” when the attack occurred, Afzal said. Indian media reports said the men were wielding sticks when they attacked the couple. After the attack, the rape victim, aged about 40, was admitted to hospital in Gwalior city, 342 kilometres from state capital Bhopal, local police official M.S. Dhodee said. The victim was conscious on Saturday and speaking to authorities, police said. No other details of her condition were known. Dhodee told AFP that police were still investigating the case but added that “a rape case has been registered against seven unidentified people”. The Swiss foreign ministry in Geneva released a statement saying they were aware of the case, but declined to provide any details, citing concerns about confidentiality. “Our Swiss

authorities,” the statement said. Reacting to the attack, the state’s opposition leader Ajay Singh said it “had brought a bad name to Madhya Pradesh at the international level”. In 2003 a 36year-old woman Swiss diplomat was abducted in the car park of a popular New Delhi auditorium, driven away by two men and raped. She was freed later nearby. No one has been convicted for that attack. Concern remains high in India over the safety and status of women and girls in the country of 1.2 billion. Rape is one aspect of a wide range of violence, including domestic assaults, against women in India that claims many thousands of lives each year, according to rights workers. The national Congress-led government has been under heavy pressure to step up legal protection for India’s women following the December attack on the student who died from internal injuries after being savagely assaulted by six men.—AP

Iran-China ties acquire new strategic depths HAMEED SHAHEEN ISLAMABAD The more US focus on Asia grows as its future policies ‘pivot’ the regional countries are forging together their normal formal diplomatic relations into responsive strategic paradigm. Iran’s veteran diplomat to Beijing Mehdi Safari is reported to have described media that “Tehran-Beijing ties are strategic”, which are to activate higher as already till March 2013 ,”100 Iranian and Chinese high-ranking delegations have been exchanged, giving more depths to cultural, economic, politics and parliamentary bilateral ties.

Mr Safari is quoted by IRNA saying that bilateral relations between Iran and new China govt, get further new boost. Despite grudging pressures both Pakistan and Iran have broken the gas pipeline project ground, said to complete in 15 months. Its cost is over $7 billion, with major contribution by Tehran. Iran’s global importance can be seen through the first meeting among President Roosevely, Joseph Stalin and British War-time premier Mr Churchill held in 1943, with an unripe idea to establish UN HQs in Tehran replacing UN League.

Bizenjo for non-partisan setup in Balochistan STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Balochistan National Party (BNP) central vicepresident, Mir Hasil Bizenjo Saturday said that the caretaker set up in Balochistan should be non-political and non-partisan and cautioned that if political and partisan setup was brought in, then the situation in the province would further deteriorate. Talking to media here, Mir Hasil Bizenjo said that bringing a caretaker CM from any political party was being talked about, if this happens, then he would be unacceptable for us and this would make the upcoming general elections controversial. He further said that the party caretaker Chief Minister would naturally favour his own party and, therefore, political caretaker setup would be strongly opposed.

Rs 500b released by Fed Gov in three weeks

PESHAWAR—Expressing grave concern over escalating violence between pro-government tribal outfit Ansraul Islam and a local militant group in Tirah valley of Khyber Agency, the residents of the area have called for immediate effective action by the government in the troubled valley. Addressing a press conference a noted lawyer of Peshawar High Court, and resident of Turak Khel, Khyber Agency along with locals, Latif Afridi Advocate, said the infighting between the banned Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan and Ansarul Islam in the Tirah Valley, has compelled a large number of people to fled their

UNITED NATIONS—Conserva- she said to loud applause. “Yes, meeting’s chair. Instead, the final tive Muslim and Roman Catholic countries and liberal Western nations approved a U.N. blueprint to combat violence against women and girls, ignoring strong objections from Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood that it clashed with Islamic principles and sought to destroy the family. After two weeks of tough and often contentious negotiations, 131 countries joined consensus Friday night on a compromise 17-page document that Michelle Bachelet, the head of the U.N. women’s agency, called historic because it sets global standards for action to prevent and end “one of the gravest violations of human rights in the world, the violence that is committed against women and girls.” “People worldwide expected action, and we didn’t fail them,”

vanced radar to Japan. Hagel said the Pentagon was conducting environmental impact studies to clear the way for a possible additional American site for a ground-based missile interceptor, but no location had been chosen. Tokyo-based international defense analyst Hisao Iwashima said: “The US move may draw another escalation by the North, which may take countermeasures against the latest US move.” Hideshi Takesada, a Japanese defence expert and former professor at South Korea’s Yonsei University, said the US move showed its “seriousness about its countermeasures against the North’s missile threat.” He added: “With the planned radar (in Japan), the US early warning system will be

text urges all countries “to strongly condemn all forms of violence against women and girls and to refrain from invoking any custom, tradition and religious consideration to avoid their obligations with respect to its elimination.” When countries were polled on their views on the final draft, there was fear among the declaration’s supporters that Egypt would oppose it, which would block the consensus required for adoption. The head of Egypt’s delegation, politician and diplomat Mervat Tallawy, surprised and delighted the overwhelming majority of delegates and onlookers in the crowded U.N. conference room when she ignored the Brotherhood and announced that Egypt would join consensus.—AP

ISLAMABAD—Opponents and ter for Special Education Shaikh Mehmood Bajwa, Rizwan Gul,

voters challenged academic credentials of 19 more legislatures in Higher Education Commission (HEC) on Saturday. According to the details, the legislatures included 7 members of the National Assembly and 12 I SLAMABAD —The Govern- members of the Provincial Assemment released a massive amount blies. Degrees of Federal Minisof Rs 500 billion during its last three weeks in office. According to reports, the former Finance Minister Hafeez Sheikh and former Finance Secretary had implemented strict restrictions on the release of funds which led to massive I SLAMABAD —The Election backlog in the clearance of dues. Commission of Pakistan has As a result there was huge pres- lifted ban on diversion of funds sure on the new Finance Minis- for development projects and alter Saleem Mandviwala from lowed competent forums to carry out their functions of granting apthe Prime Minister. During the period from proval to development schemes. 22nd February to 8th March, This development came on the four meetings of the ECC were same day when Federal Finance held and under the decisions Minister Salim H. Mandviwalla taken included Rs 400 billion had met CEC Justice (R) back from circulation, tax ex- Fakharuddin G Ebrahim and asemption from the machinery of sured the ECP that the funds Karachi circular railways, eco- would soon be provided to the nomic relief package for FATA ECP enabling it to hold the genand KPK and introduction of eral elections smoothly. After the Tax amnesty scheme of Rs 16 meeting, CEC Justice (R) billion for smuggled vehicles. Fakharuddin G Ebrahim had said, Also NTN conditionality was “The meeting with Mandviwalla withdrawn on the purchase of was fruitful and he has assured that the funds will be released soon”. new vehicles.—INP

ECP lifts ban on diversion of funds for development projects

rean peninsula entirely.” Baek Seung-Joo of the Korea Institute for Defense Analyses in Seoul told AFP the challenge for South Korea was different due to its proximity to the North. “It is extremely difficult for South Korea to intercept missiles from the North because its geographical depth is too short. Instead, South Korea is focusing on building up its ability to destroy the North’s missile launching facilities.” The US missile defense program has been plagued by technical problems but Hagel gave assurances that the “interceptors are effective” and the goal is to deploy the new ones by 2017. North Korea confirmed Wednesday it had shredded the 60-year-old armistice ending the 1950-53 Korean War and warned that the next step was an act of “merciless” military re-

we did it!” On Wednesday, the Brotherhood, which has emerged as the most powerful political faction in Egypt since the 2011 uprising, lashed out at the anticipated document for advocating sexual freedoms for women and the right to abortion “under the guise of sexual and reproductive rights.” It called the title, on eliminating and preventing all forms of violence against women and girls, “deceitful.” Last week, Egypt proposed an amendment to the text saying that each country is sovereign and can implement the document in accordance with its own laws and customs, a provision strongly opposed by many countries in Europe, Latin America and Asia. It was dropped in the final compromise drafted by the

Degrees of 19 more MPs challenged in HEC

WASHINGTON—The United previously oversaw a live-fire plans to deploy a second ad- complete and can cover the Ko- taliation against its enemies. drill near the disputed Yellow Sea border with the South. Hagel said the defense upgrade was designed to “stay ahead of the threat” from the North Korean regime, which claims to possess missiles capable of carrying a nuclear warhead to the continental United States. “The United States has missile defense systems in place to protect us from limited ICBM (intercontinental ballistic missile) attacks,” Hagel said. “But North Korea in particular has recently made advances in its capabilities and is engaged in a series of irresponsible and reckless provocations.” Apart from mobilizing the additional interceptors at Fort Greely, Alaska, Hagel also confirmed an announcement made last year that the United States

“Otherwise, 1.5million population of area would migrate from their hometown.” Mr Afridi said. He demanded of the security forces to analyse the gravity of the situation, and take prompt action against militants in Tirah valley. Spokesman of Ansarul Islam, Sadaat Afridi, addressing a separate press conference, told reporters said that they had taken control of most area in Tirah valley Flanked by commander Abu-Darda, and Mohammad Shafiq, said more than 175 people were killed, and nearly 375 injured in the conflict during last one and half month. He said that there was no need for action by the security forces

UN adopts plan to combat violence against women

US boosting missile defences States said it would bolster defenses against a possible North Korean missile strike a week after Pyongyang threatened a “pre-emptive” nuclear attack against its arch-foe. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said 14 more interceptors would be stationed in Alaska, increasing by almost half the 30 already deployed along the California and Alaska coastlines. The aim is to have them in place by 2017. North Korea has threatened to unleash a second Korean War — backed by nuclear weapons — in response to UN sanctions imposed after its third atomic test in February and joint South Korea-US military manoeuvres. As tensions spiral, the North fired short-range missiles into the East Sea (Sea of Japan) Friday, Yonhap news agency said, after leader Kim Jong-Un

hometown. “There were casualties on large scale.” Militants set on fire more than 20 houses, and killing dozens of people, including women, children and aged, by bombardment of residential areas. He said Ansarul Islam had repulsed TTP militants’ attacks in the Tirah Valley. He, however, said the situation was continuously escalating in the valley, spreading to Malik-Din Khel and other parts of the Agency. He expressed fear that if timely ac-tion was not taken against the militant group, it could affect security of surrounding areas, in proximity of Peshawar. Mr Afridi said it was time to take prompt action by security forces against the TTP militants, to immediate.

A lengthy statement by the North’s armed forces ministry added to the tide of dire threats flowing from Pyongyang that have raised military tensions on the Korean peninsula to their highest level for years. Although the North’s dire threats have been mostly viewed as bluster, the United States and its allies are worried Pyongyang is poised to stage some form of military provocation. Because the Korean War was concluded with an armistice rather than a peace treaty, the two Koreas have remained technically at war. The United States retains a major military presence in the region, with naval ships equipped with anti-missile weaponry, 28,000 troops in South Korea and roughly 47,000 on the ground in Japan.—AP

Waqas Akram and Senior Minister of KP Rahim Dad Khan were also challenged. The MNAs whose degrees are challenged included Jameel Malik, Liaquat Bhatti, Rana Zahid, Akhter Khadim, Yaqoob Bizenjo and Jawad Hussain while the MPAs included Tariq

Rana Mubashir, Yasir Raza Malik, Jam Akramullah, Rana Abdul Rauf, Jam Saifullah, Syed Hassan Murtaza, Farooq Yousaf Gurki, Munawar Hussain Manj and Arshad Ahmed Khan.Meanwhile, HEC sources said that it may take some time in verifying the credentials of the legislatures.

Spanking kids can cause long-term harm


PANKING children can cause long-term developmental damage and may even lower a child’s IQ, according to a new Canadian analysis that seeks to shift the ethical debate over corporal punishment into the medical sphere. The study, published this week in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, reached its conclusion after examining 20 years of published research on the issue, CNN Reported. The authors say the medical finding have been largely overlooked and overshadowed by concerns that parents should have the right to determine how their children are disciplined. While spanking is not as widespread as it was 20 years ago, many still cling to the practice and see prohibiting spanking as limiting the rights of parents. That point of view highlights the difficulty in changing hearts and minds on the issue, despite a mountain of accumulated evidence showing the damage physical punishment can have on a child, says Joan Durant, a professor at University of Manitoba and one of the authors of the study. “We’re really past the point of calling this a controversy. That’s a word that’s used and I don’t know why, because in the research there really is no controversy,” she said in an interview. “If we had this level of consistency in findings in any other area of health, we would be acting on it. We’d be pulling out all the stops to work on the issue.” Durant and coauthor Ron Ensom, with the Children’s Hos-

pital of Eastern Ontario in Ottawa, cite research showing that physical punishment makes children more aggressive and antisocial, and can cause cognitive impairment and developmental difficulties. Recent studies suggest it may reduce the brain’s grey matter in areas relevant to intelligence testing. “What people have realized is that physical punishment doesn’t only predict aggression consistently, it also predicts internalizing kinds of difficulties,like depression and substance use,” said Durant. “There are no studies that show any long-term positive outcomes from physical punishment.” While banned in 32 countries, corporal punishment of children retains at least partial social acceptance in much of the world. Debates on the issue typically revolve around the ethics of using violence to enforce discipline. With the study, Durant hopes parents will start to look at the issue from a medical perspective. “What we’re hoping is that physicians will take that message and do more to counsel parents around this and to help them understand that physical punishment isn’t getting them where they want to go,” she said. She also hopes that countries that allow the practice—including Canada -will take another look at their child protection laws. Canada is one of more than 190 countries to have ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, a 1989 treaty that sets out protections for children.

ISLAMABAD: Army personnel seen deployed to avert any untoward incident near Parliament House on last day of Parliament.

Security help centre at Railway Station CITY REPORTER

ISLAMABAD: Students performing during annual event of a private local school.

RAWALPINDI—An up-to-date security help centre equipped with modern security facilities has been formally inaugurated at Rawalpindi Railway Station. Chairman Railway Arif Azeem and Attorney General of Pakistan Irfan Qadir formally inaugurated the security help centre at the station the other day. On the occasion, Railway superintendent, Syed Munawar Shah gave briefing about the help centre. He said the establishment of help centre will ensure strict surveillance as monitoring of the station is upgraded after installation of six CCTV cameras donated by the United States. He said six other CCTV cameras would be installed at boundary wall and added that PC-1 of damaged portions of boundary wall has been prepared and the project would cost Rs20 million. He claimed that current year is the year of rehabilitation of Railways.

UNESCO to help PMNH in stuffing, Shark Whale

Security guard gunned down

donated by the UNESCO to PMNH. PSF Chairman Prof. Dr. Manzoor H. Soomro, PMNH Director General Mr. Hasan Waseem Afzal, senior officers from Ministry of Science and Technology, UNESCO officials and a good number of scientists and students were present on this occasion. Dr. Nagata said UNESCO’s support to the Museum is based on its concept to promote science and education according to its mandate. She said PMNH is unique in terms of its collection, especially of fossils that reveal natu-

curity guard of a private Bus terminal in the jurisdiction of Pirwadhai police station here. In the precincts of Pirwadhai police station, one security guard Shahid S/o Liaqat was gunned down by some unknown criminals and threw away the dead body in deserted place. Upon receiving information, police reached the scene and took the dead body into custody. SHO Pirwadhai Khan Shabir claimed that the deceased was living in Mehar Abad at rented house and hailing from Faisalabad.—Online

RAWALPINDI—Some unidentiISLAMABAD—UNESCO will ment, a facility for the visitors, ral history of millions years past. fied armed persons shot dead sehelp Pakistan Museum of Natural History (PMNH) in documentary on Shark Whale specimen’s stuffing and exhibition process as well as digitization of the Museum collection. UNESCO will also help PMNH in developing its online virtual tour so that the entire world people, especially the researchers and students could benefit from its facilities, said UNESCO Country Director Dr. Kozue Kay Nagata, here on Saturday. She was speaking as Chief Guest at the launching ceremony of Audio Commentary Equip-

Dr. Nagata said though the donation of commentary equipment is a small contribution but it will help visitors a lot in understanding the exhibits during their visit to the Museum. The equipment will make museum more scientific and dynamic, she said, adding, launching the commentary equipment at PMNH is a pilot project and later this facility will also be replicated in other museums of Pakistan. She also spoke on UNESCO and PSF collaboration, which is going on since long for promotion of science.—APP

Celebration of youth creativity SANA JAMAL RAWALPINDI—The purpose of academic institutions might be offering guidance to youngsters to help shape their future, but it is equally imperative to unlock the creativity of young people in and out of formal education. Tapping into the creative potential of students and bringing out the best in them was the sole objective of the recent Women’s Week festival at Fatima Jinnah Women University (FJWU). The creative extravaganza that concluded here on Saturday was a celebration of creative work by the students of FJWU as well other reputed institutes of the country. Short film and documentary contest, photography and painting Competition, Naat and Qirat Competition, poetic and singing contest, bilingual debate competition and theatre performance were few highlights of the event. The theme for the festival was ‘Motivation & Commitment - Better Pakistan’ and the students expressed their thoughts and emotions about the theme in dif-

uador, Ethiopia, Italy, Iraq, Iran, Indonesia, Lebanon, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Nepal, Peru, Pakistan, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Swaziland, Thailand, and United Kingdom participated in the workshop. While addressing, Minister of State for National Food Security and Research Muhammad Moazzam Ali Khan Jatoi said that “Food and water security are one of the foremost challenges that we face today. Whereas we have achieved a level of economic development but somehow we have overlooked the most important issue

of sustainable food and water security.” He further added that “progress in enhancing food security has been slow and seriously undermined by the drastic rise in world food prices from 2007 to mid-2008 and the global financial crunch which unfolded in the second half of 2008. “Pakistan has embarked on an ambitious plan to achieve selfreliance in space technology and its applications through cooperation and collaboration with other space-faring nations”. While addressing,Chairman SUPARCO Mr. Ahmed Bilal said that space technology con-

tinues to inspire human minds through innovative ideas and creative inventions. “Food security, being a complex topic, stands at the intersection of many disciplines. At play are various direct and indirect contributing factors like hydrology, climate change, genetic engineering applications, fertilizer availability, loss of biodiversity, price setting and trading of the food as other internationally traded commodities.” On the role of space technology and SUPARCO, the Chairman said “SUPARCO has placed major emphasis on devel-

were the chief guest at the event of Mushira in which the first prize was bagged by University of Peshawar; second prize went to Peshawar University while International Islamic University secured third position. In Ghazal category competition first prize was awarded to Islamic University, while second and third were awarded to Sarghoda University and Punjab University respectively. Singing competition was divided into two categories: Ghazal and Geet. Hunarkada University was awarded first position in the Geet category while Punjab University won the second prize. In his brief remarks on the occasion chief guest, Ustad Raeees Ahmed Khan profoundly appreciated the singing prowess of the participating students. Women’s Week is an annual feature of the Fatima Jinnah Women University where the students themselves that create specific festival atmosphere year after year, with certain attractions to exhibit their creative energies, and immense talent through their work.

Muhammad Ali to be remembered on March 19

ISLAMABAD—Legendary Actor of Pakistan’s silver screen Muhammed Ali will be remembered on his 7th death anniversary on Tuesday. Mohammad Ali was born to a religious family in Rampur of British India on November 10, 1938. Muhammad Ali began his professional career from Radio Pakistan Hyderabad and his debut film was “Charagh Jalta Raha” (1962). “Shararat” (1964) was another popular film by him. Muhammad Ali performed an unforgettable role in “Aag Ka Darya.” He acted in over 300 movies including some Punjabi films and worked with Zeba, Shamim Ara and other prominent actors and actresses of the time. He was a versatile actor and played negative as well as character actor roles successfully. He married Zeba, a prominent film heroine of her time. Ali was a cardiac patient and underwent two surgeries. He is widely considered to RAWALPINDI: Iftikhar Arif, Sarfraz Shahid and Wasi Shah giving away awards to win- be the foremost dramatic perners of contest on concluding day of Women’s Week festival at Fatima Jinnah Women former that the Pakistani film inUniversity on Saturday. dustry has ever had and was conferred with Pride of Performance in 1984 in recognition of his lifelong services to the entertainment industry of Pakistan and subsequently became the only actor who was awarded with Tamghae-Imtiaz. Mohammad Ali died oping a sizable user base for satellite applications in the coun- ISLAMABAD—Citizens stressed promotion, printing of pictorial on March 19, 2006 due to a heart try by way of undertaking nu- the need for efficacious imple- health warnings on packets and attack in Lahore.—APP merous projects of national in- mentation of tobacco control availability of duty-evaded and terest in collaboration with sev- laws across the country and for attractive looking smuggled eral different federal and provin- curtailing sale of smuggled, brands in the market are still cial ministries and departments. duty-non-paid, and non-compli- widespread. These include issuance ant tobacco products. Most of these packs do not of agricultural bulletins, waThey also asked the authori- even carry the Urdu health warnter course management, land ties concerned to make proper ing while the regulations prohib- I SLAMABAD —Pakistan Nadigitization and environmen- strategies in preventing sale of iting consumer promotions are tional Council of the Arts tal audit”. also being blatantly violated, they (PNCA), Ministry of National tobacco to minors. Speaking at the ceremony, Heritage and Integration here on Expressing dismay over fla- added. the Executive Director ISNET, grant disregard of anti-tobacco An official of Tobacco Con- Sunday would organize a musiMr. Arshad H. Siraj said that, laws, citizens said that effective trol Cell said, in line with the cal evening with Tradition Bear“Almost all countries in the on-ground implementation of the spirit of Framework Convention ers of various areas. Near East and North Africa suf- regulations will only serve the on Tobacco Control, the governThese traditional bearers fer from acute water scarcity. ment has already enacted vari- comprised renowned artists of purpose of tobacco control. Despite the region’s diverThey said that sincere ef- ous tobacco control measures Afghanistan, Chitral, Hunza and sity of landscapes and climates, forts are needed to prevent the through the Prohibition of Peshawar in collaboration with most of these countries are un- spread of tobacco use as smok- Smoking and Protection of Non- Aga Khan Cultural Service Paable to meet even the current ing at indoor public places, to- Smokers Health Ordinance kistan will perform at PNCA water demand.—APP auditorium at 5pm.—APP bacco product advertising and 2002.—APP

Integrated use of space technologies for food, water security

ISLAMABAD—International Workshop on Integrated Use of Space Technologies for Food and Water Security organized by Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO),concluded here Saturday. The workshop was organized in collaboration with United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) and Inter Islamic Network on Space Sciences & Technology (ISNET) at COMSTECH. Experts from UN-OOSA, World Wild Life Federation (WWF), International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, (ICIMOD) and over 30 countries including Azerbaijan, Canada, Chile, Ec-

ferent art forms: art, music, drama and film. One of the major attractions of the event was the Artisan Mela where young artists and students had set up vibrant stalls decorated with handmade items such as handicrafts, woodwork, rugs, clothing, jewelry ornaments, accessories, interior décors and marvelous designs besides stalls of delicious cuisine. The Vice Chancellor, Professor Dr. Samina Amin Qadir said that the core objective of the women week was to provide healthy enjoyment and environment of amusement to the students. The documentaries were presented under an appealing topic: “Promise is promise-Promote tolerance”, in which first prize was awarded to Iqra University where as in documentary category Punjab University secured the first position. Ms. Nargis Hashmi, a TV personality, appreciated the efforts of the students in highlightinf the sensitive issue in a very impressive way. Iftikhar Arif, Mr. Sarfraz Shahid and Syed Wasi Shah

Implementation of tobacco control laws

Musical evening at PNCA

NH&MP committed to provide security to road users 05:50 01:30 05:00 08:00

March 18 THE Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabad is organizing a Public Talk on ‘Impact of the Arab Spring on South and East Asia’ at 1130 hrs at its premises. Speakers will be Prof Dr Claudia Derichs, University of Marburg, Germany”. Continues THE Japanese Embassy and the Rawalpindi Arts Council have arranged an exhibition of photo panels titled “Contemporary Japan caught by Lens” at 3pm on Thursday at Rawalpindi Arts Council, Stadium, Road, Rawalpindi. The exhibition will remain open till March 29 from 9am to 4pm daily except holidays.

AIOU to hold ‘grand competition’ for first prizes winners

ISLAMABAD—Inspector Gen- years, who also constructed and NH&MP patrolling vehicles eral National Highways and Motorway Police Zafar Abbas Lak has said that NH&MP was committed to provide safety and security to the road users and Sher Shah Soori Help Centers would play a key role in safer traveling on G.T Road (N-5). This he said during his address while inaugurating first help centers on GT road at Gujar Khan. He said that these Help Centers were being constructed at every 50 kilometre from Peshawar to Karachi at the cost of Rs 700 million. Zafar Abbas Lak said that these Help Centers have been dedicated to the great leader of Indo-Pakistan Sher Shah Soori who built 5500 Km GT Road from Kabul to Sona village of Benngal in his reign of 5 and half

‘saraes’ after every 40 KM for the safety, security of people and postal services. He added that these Help Centers were unique concept of safety and security in South Asia. He said these help centers would facilitate the road users by the way of short rest in a peaceful manner, prayer, ambulance service, workshop, and Tuck shop etc. The IG NH&MP also said that these help centers would help in curbing crime and timely help to road users in distress on highway.He further added that they are also introducing a scheme of providing helmets on cheapest rates to the people on highways, which would be available for Motorcyclist on these help centers, NH&MP offices

on National Highway. He said that on highway motorcyclist are not wearing helmets which resulted severe injuries in case of accidents and this resulted in loss of precious lives in most cases and by this scheme, motorway Police would some or less successful in reducing the accident rates of two vehicles. He further said that motorway police was also establishing about 150 driving schools on public private partnership at district level around the country which would provide safe driving training to the people. The IG, NH&MP unveiled the plaque by inaugurating the first help center at Gujar Khan and the people of the area appreciated the efforts of NH&MP.—APP

Overhead bridges turned into business galleries CITY REPORTER RAWALPINDI—The overhead bridges over many busy roads at many points in the city were constructed to facilitate the pedestrians in crossing the roads but small vendors have set up their stalls on them, constricting the way. Overhead bridges at Faizabad, Pirwadhai, Benazir Bhutto Hospital stop, Committee Chowk and other points are occupied by the small vendors, turning them into business galleries. The stall holders have displayed their goods on cloth sheets in a row to attract the customers and blocked more than half of the way. The vendors sell new and old shoes, plastic toys, dry fruit and

cheap items of daily use, while ear cleaners, nonqualified dentists and palmists can also be seen offering their services to the pedestrians on the bridges. Some persons have placed weighing machines on the way to attract weight conscious people. Pedestrians in front of Benazir Bhutto Hospital, talking to INP said that sometimes they had to rush to the other side of the road but they could not find way as the overhead bridge there was completed occupies by small merchants. They said that the prevailing situation was because of the slackness of the concerned authorities as they were not taking any effective step to stop the occupation of the bridges. Moreover, they said, drug addicts and beggars also take ref-

uge on the overhead bridges often. Drug pushers spend nights on the bridges as no one disturbs them there, while beggars harass every passer-by, both male and female, to extract some money from them. They said that these small vendors, beggars and drug pushers can be a threat to the security of the pedestrians as no one bothers to check their identity and robbers can still be there in guise of vendor or beggar. The passerby persons are more vulnerable to fall prey to the miscreants at night time, they added. The citizens appealed to the higher officials of government, district administration and police to purge the overhead bridges in the city of the stall holders, beggars and drug addicts.

I SLAMABAD —Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) is holding a grand competition amongst the students of the University who won first prize in each category in the competitions held in their respective region/cities. Director, Directorate of Students Advisory and Counselling Services, AIOU, Syed Zia-ulHasnain, announced that the competition will be a three-day program which would be commenced from March 19 to 21, said a news release issued here on Saturday. Vice-Chancellor, AIOU Prof. Dr. Nazir Ahmed Sangi will preside over the opening session on March 19 at 09:00 a.m. at Begum Nusrat Bhutto Auditorium of the University. The competitions included essay (English and Urdu), Qira’t, Naa’t, Cultural Show, flower exhibition has been scheduled for March 19, while Milli Naghma, Speech (English and Urdu), Flower Exhibition and stalls has been arranged to be held on March 20. Prize distribution ceremony ISLAMABAD: Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry presiding over a meeting of will be held on March, 21 at Judicial Commission in Supreme Court. 10:00 a.m.—APP

PMI to start training course

13,000 saplings to be planted

RAWALPINDI—Rawalpindi and

Lack of medical facilities in dispensaries

Chaklala cantonment boards

ISLAMABAD—A five-day train- have decided to plant 13,000 sap- ISLAMABAD—Residents of twin even a single bed on which a pa-

ing course on “Staffing the Organization” being organized by the Pakistan Manpower Institute (PMI), will start tomorrow. The objective of the course is to deal with the development of an integrated approach to human resource development planning and it will cover its components in detail, especially employment, manpower, educational planning and labor market analysis. Thirty officers from public and private sector organizations will participate in the course. Eminent speakers from academic institutions will deliver lectures. The course will be inaugurated by Director General, Pakistan Manpower Institute Owais Nauman Kundi, on Monday at 09.30 a.m. at the PMI here.—APP

lings in different areas in the plantation campaign of current spring season going to be started on March 20. The cantonment boards have directed the field staff to start planting the samplings from March 20 and the campaign would last till April 5. Total 9,000 plants will be planted in different areas of Rawalpindi Cantonment areas including Chohr Chowk, Westridge, Peshawar Road, Army Graveyard, Race Course, MH Hospital and Range Road area, rest of 4,000 saplings will be planted in various areas of Chaklala Cantonment including Sarwar Road, mall Road, Mushtaq Baig Road, Jhelum Road and Adiala Road—INP

cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi have expressed concern over the lack of proper medical facilities at dispensaries to meet the basic medical needs of the poor patients. The non-availability of medicines at dispensaries hampers the efforts to provide these free of cost to the patients visiting primary healthcare facilities. More than half of the monitored dispensaries lacked arrangements for providing clean drinking water for patients. The poor condition and operational capacity of many dispensaries, coupled with the fact that a lot of work is required to be done by concern authority. Resident, Bilal Ahmad, at F/ 6-1, while talking to APP, said that the dispensary does not have

tient could rest, leave alone administering saline or post accidental treatment. Another resident, Bushra Erum at Shams bad, said that the dispensary did not have basic medicines for the needy patients. Although, the staff had processed the file for procuring the medicines, the funds had not been sanctioned by the authorities. These facilities are absent in the dispensary. No fresh staff has been appointed at the dispensary and a major chunk of employees have retired. Residents appealed to the higher authorities to take notice of the issue.They also appealed that authority should be upgraded and doctors should be appointed on these vacant posts as soon as possible.—APP

180 Pakistanis deported ISLAMABAD—Government of Bahrain has deported 180 Pakistanis serving in Bahrain Defence Forces (BDF) on disciplinary grounds. Bahrain authorities and Pakistan authorities at Islamabad told the media that 180 Pakistanis serving in BDG were sacked and deported to Pakistan for violating the disciplinary norms. One Pakistani officer said this was not a political matter but was rather an administrative matter. This incident was first of its nature that Pakistanis in such large number were deported from Bahrain. BDF comprises army, navy and air force and royal guards units. Public Security Forces (PSF) and Coast Guards RAWALPINDI: Students of Bahria International Academy presenting their poetry during are not part of BDF. —Online Comedy Mushaira on Annual Day.

ISLAMABAD: Interior Minister Rehman Malik offering fateha for martyred security officials during his address to troops at Liquat Gymnasium.

Managing Director PBM resigns ISLAMABAD—Managing Director Pakistan Bait-ul-Mal Zamurrad Khan Saturday tendered his resignation after serving four years and eight months. Addressing a press conference, he said that he has tendered resignation and hoped that the Prime Minister would accept his resignation as he wants to contest elections on PPPP’s ticket from Rawalpindi cantt. He said he was leaving the PBM as a satisfied man. He tried his best to serve the organisation. He would continue serving Pakistan Sweet Home as its Patron-in-Chief.—APP

IHC’s six benches to hear over 300 cases next week ISLAMABAD—Chief Justice of Islamabad High Court (IHC) Muhammad Anwar Khan Kasi has constituted four single and two division benches to hear over 300 cases during next week starting from tomorrow. Four single benches included the Chief Justice, Justice Riaz Ahmed Khan, Justice Noorul Haq N Qureshi and Justice Shaukat Aziz Sidqui. The first division bench comprises the Chief Justice and Justice Shaukat Aziz Sidqui while the second one includes Justice Riaz Ahmed Khan and Justice Noorul Haq N Qureshi.—APP

Serious Mumbai attacks case trial irregularities in adjourned till March 30 roll number R AWALPINDI —The trial of seven Pakistani suspects, including Lashkar-e-Taiba commander Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi, charged with involvement in the Mumbai attacks was Saturday adjourned for two weeks as the judge was away to attend a training course. The trial was adjourned till March 30 as anti-terrorism court Judge Chaudhry Habib-urRehman was expected to return to duty on Monday, sources told PTI. There were no proceedings today. In a separate development, chief prosecutor Chaudhry Zulifqar Ali told PTI that Indian authorities had not yet responded to a request for a written assurance that a Pakistani judicial commission would be allowed to cross-examine four key witnesses during a planned visit to Mumbai. “India talks about a delay in the case but now it is causing a delay by not sending its reply,” Ali said. He said it should have taken Indian authorities more than a day to respond.

“We had written to the Indian government on February 12 and we’re still awaiting its response,” he said. Ali said defence lawyers had also not submitted their travel documents for the planned visit. The Pakistani judicial commission’s visit to India has already been delayed by several weeks over the issue of the assurance that members of the panel will be allowed to crossexamine witnesses. The commission is set to make a second visit to Mumbai to record the statements of four witnesses because the anti-terrorism court rejected a report submitted after its first visit on the ground that the panel was not allowed to conduct cross-examination The trial of the seven suspects has progressed at a snail’s pace due to repeated adjournments and various technical delays. They have been charged with planning, financing and executing the attacks that killed 166 people in November 2008—Online

slips protested CITY REPORTER

RAWALPINDI—Students appearing in Matric Part-1 examination (9th class) have protested over serious irregularities in roll number slips including change of photographs. All the preparations in respect of 9th class examination which is going to commence from March, 18 under Intermediate and secondary education board Rawalpindi have been completed. On the other hand serious lapses have been found in the roll number slips issued by the education board to the candidates. The glaring lapse is found with regard to change of photographs on these slips. In certain cases photograph of a female candidate has been pasted on the roll number slip of male and vice versa. Like wise date sheets of science students have been sent to the candidates of arts group.

92 street criminals, 22 gamblers arrested ISLAMABAD—Islamabad Police have arrested 92 persons involved in street crimes during the current year and recovered 40 mobile phones and looted cash from their possession, a police spokesman said. On the directions of IGP ISLAMABAD: Dr Johria Azhar Saadat of Oral Pathology Department, AIMC Pakistan Islamabad Bani Amin Khan, all addressing a seminar on Innovative Dentistry at Pak-China Friendship Centre.—PO photo police officials and Station Sultan Bashir House Offices (SHOs) launched aggressive campaign against those involved in street crime. During this drive, he said that Capital police also obtained the record of those persons who had ever remained involved in street crimes and arrested a total of 92 such criminals. During this year, Islamabad Police also arrested 22 gamblers during various raids in the city and recovered stake money and other items worth hundreds of thousands of rupees from them.—APP

Balloting for Hajj scheme ISLAMABAD—Four employees of Pakistan Bait-ul- Mal would perform Hajj this year, four orphan children of Pakistan Sweet Home performed the balloting ceremony on behalf of Managing Director Pakistan Bait-ulMal Zamurrad. The names for the selected persons through ballots were announced by Managing Director PBM in a press conference. He said Muhammad Anwar, a peon serving in PBM Quetta, Muhammad Latif, another peon, serving in PBM Narowal, Sabtain Fazal Ali, an accountant serving in Baluchistan and Muhammad Deedar Ali Shah, District officer, Gazir (GilgitBaltistan) would perform the sacred religious ceremony this year.—APP

Kashmiris will never surrender before India: Geelani Invoking PSA against Shabbir Shah denounced S RINAGAR —T he veteran ing the Kashmiris for demand- of his party and other pro-free- curbs on Hurriyet Chairman, Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani, has said that the Kashmiris will never surrender before India’s use of force and they will continue their struggle till they achieve their inalienable right to self-determination. The veteran leader, who is under house arrest in Srinagar, in a statement, today, said that the first Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, had promised that the Kashmiri people would be given an opportunity to decide their fate by themselves. However, he deplored that the Indian rulers had been carrying MUZAFFARABAD: Anti-India rally is being led by Speaker AJK Assesmbly Sardar Ghulam Sadiq, Transport Minister on with the policy of victimizTahir Khokhar and opposition leader Raja Farooq Haider Khan.

Kashmiris face shortage of essential commodities due to curfew

Geelani, Mirwaiz, Malik condemn 70-year-old killing continuity

SRINAGAR—Hurriyat ConferSRINAGAR—Amid the curfew, ence leaders have condemned

people complained about the shortage of essential commodities in their respective areas. Residents of Srinagar city both old city and civil lines areas said they are facing shortage of milk, bread and vegetables due to the curfew imposed by the authorities. Locals of Rainawari said the authorities did not allow the vehicles carrying milk to pass through the area and supply the milk to the local shopkeepers. “Every day five to six vehicles carrying milk move into the area and distribute milk to the local shopkeepers to meet the demand of the people. But neither any vehicle was allowed to this area, nor the shopkeepers permitted to open the shop. It seems that the government is not bothering about us,” said Ubaid Ahmad, a resident of Rainawari. Some people could not talk to their relatives due to non availability of recharge facility for mobile phones. “I used to call everyday to my home in south Kashmir but due to non availability of recharge I could not talk to my mother,” said a research scholar living in the scholar’s hostel of Kashmir University.—NNI

the killing of a 70-year-old Ghulam Ahmad Chopan who was hit by a CRPF vehicle. Hurriyat Conference (G) Chairman Syed Ali Geelani said that authorities were killing people on the ‘directions of their masters in New Delhi’ while Mirwaiz Umar Farooq said CRPF were on a path of “revenge”. Geelani said the authorities were pushing people of the Valley to take extreme steps by resorting to oppression. “The authorities have unleashed a reign of terror in the entire Valley. People are being killed without any reason. We

are yet to bury one body while another is awaiting us,” Geelani said referring to the killings in the aftermath of Afzal Guru’s hanging. He said troops were pushing people to take the extreme steps. “The puppet government in the Valley is killing their own people for the sake of power and to please their masters in New Delhi. They can go to any extent disregarding the basic values of humanity for their petty benefits. They are killing people on the directions of their masters,” he said. Geelani said people should take courage and declare unanimously that that slavery is not acceptable to them. Hurriyat Conference (M) Chairman

Mirwaiz Umar Farooq said that the authorities had taken a ‘revengeful approach’ after an attack on CRPF men. He said “armed forces are on a trail of repression and retribution”. “People are facing extreme insecurity. They are hitting people on the roads without accountability. People should take care as the State is at war with the people,” Mirwaiz told Rising Kashmir. He said Omar Abdullah led government had completely failed in providing security to the people of the Valley. “The government has no control over the situation and the State has been completely changed into a police state.—NNI

PIL seeks ban on use of pepper gas in IHK SRINAGAR—Underscoring its has recently introduced a new this dreadful gas is lachrymatory

deleterious impact on humans, two lawyers filed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in Jammu and Kashmir High Court seeking ban on the use of pepper gas by police while dealing with protests in Kashmir. Seeking directions to Union of India through Ministry of Home Affairs, Chief Secretary, Financial Commissioner Home Department, Director General of Police, Inspector General of Police, Kashmir, advocates Mian Tufail and Nasir Qadri filed the PIL stating that pepper gas affects vital organs of human body. J AMMU — The Opposition “The Government of J&K Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and National Panthers Party (NPP) members were marshaled out of the Upper House after they created uproar over the killing of a civilian in Saidpora area of Srinagar, while demanding discussion on the matter. SRINAGAR—Police has shifted As the House met for rou- senior Hurriyat leader Shabir tine proceedings this morning, Shah to Kot-Bhalwal Jail Jammu PDP and NPP members de- from Central Jail Srinagar. He has manded discussion on the kill- been booked under Public Safety ing of the civilian by paramili- Act. Shah was arrested from his tary forces. The ruling National house on the day of the hanging Conference members also of Afzal Guru on February 9 and raised the same demand. was lodged in central jail As Chairman Amrit Srinagar. Malhotra asked the members to Meanwhile, Democratic raise the issue after Question Freedom Party while expressing Hour, the lone member of NPP, serious concern over the deterioRafiq Shah, stormed in the Well rating health condition of Party and insisted upon the Chair to Chairman Shabir Ahmad Shah decide over the demand of dis- has demanded that Shah be cussion before starting the pro- shifted to hospital. ceedings. He was supported by In a statement issued here the PDP member Ashraf Mir, who DFP said that the chairman was also joined him in the Well and arrested from his house on the day demanded adjournment of the of the hanging of Afzal Guru and proceedings to discuss the kill- has been lodged in central jail ing.—NNI Srinagar. “On seeing the ill heath

Killing of civilians echoes in upper house

weapon- Pepper Gun- to control mobs which contains dreadful chemical and is very harmful and dangerous to human body, and can even cause death of a person,” states the PIL. Pointing out the harmful effects of the pepper gas used by police and other security forces, the petitioners have stated that the gun is specially designed to cause blindness or infectious diseases or death. “The pepper gas mostly affects the patients already suffering from various diseases and can cause several problems to persons with chest diseases. Moreover,

agent which can cause blindness,” reads the PIL. The PIL says: “In case a weapon falls in the category of those weapons which causes superfluous injury or unnecessary sufferings in this connection, international organizations also encourage the States to consider the effect of weapon on health and to weigh these against other factors such as military necessity.” “The Pepper Gun was first used by United States Forest Authorities in self defense against dogs and bears and its spray contains a deadly chemical, which is harmful to human body.—NNI

Shabbir shifted to Kot Bhalwal; DFP concerned over deteriorating health



XISTENTIALISM is a philosophical con cept invariably seeking and stressing the assertion of subjectivity and egoistic indi vidualism of a man in life. So subjectivity is the essence of existentialism. Subjectivity, if subservient to the Absolute Ego of God Almighty, is synonymous with ‘khudi’. Intuitionalism, the underlying principle of mysticism and sufism, is quintessentially a part of existentialism. So existentialism, the doctrine determining the dynamics of a mystic or a political movement, should be construed as a fountainhead of consciousness, which entails recognition of freedom and responsibility as indispensable part of subjective assertion. Thus existentialism, as a vibrant doctrine of life, forms the cornerstone of the resistance movement in Kashmir. Existentialism, as a driving canon and lustrous lemma, will always remain juxtaposed to our resistance manoeuvre. And subjectivity in self-assertion and objectivity in appraisal and analysis will be concomitant. Necessitarian quietism helps in attaining perfection in mystic introspection and meditation. However, in resistance politics, it turns out to be a quietus which benumbs the revolutionary ideas and emotions and paralyses the resolve to resist anything undesirable.

of Shah the officials have arranged some medical facility inside the hospital but that was not sufficient. With the passage of time his health condition deteriorated,” DFP spokesman said. DFP Chairman is not suffering from a single but different ailments, heart problem, blood pressure, ear, eye, back pain which can only be treated at SKIMS or SMHS, he added. “It is very unfortunate that one month has passed but Shah Sahib has not been shifted to hospital. He has already spent 27 years of his life in jail. During the last two years he has been put under house arrest or in detention for more than nine months,” he said. DFP while criticizing the statement of Union Minister of India Sushil Kumar Shinde refus-

ing to return the mortal remains of Afzal Guru, has appealed UN Secretary General Ban-ki-Moon to impress upon the Government of India to hand over the mortal remains of Guru to his family members. DFP is supportive of the people’s demand of returning the mortal remains of Guru and will support every programme that is aimed at demanding the mortal remains of Guru, the spokesman added. “Shinde’s refusal to hand over the remains is injustice and undemocratic and against the basic principles of humanity”, he said. DFP has also condemned the arrest of the leaders and other people to suppress the demand of the people of the valley and said that people will not stop till their demands are accepted.—NNI

India steps up brutalities in tense Kashmir

SRINAGAR—India clamped a curfew in parts of occupied Kashmir as tensions cranked up after militants killed five paramilitary police personnel and the bedevilled police murdered an innocent Kashmiri youth and an elderly civilian. Held-Kashmir’s inspector general of police (IGP) Abdul Gani Mir said a round-the-clock curfew order had been imposed in capital Srinagar while there were similar restrictions in other towns and villages in the Kashmir Valley. “It is an indefinite curfew,” Mir told in Srinagar where major roads were blocked with steel barricades and coils of razor wire. Schools and government offices were closed while the University of Kashmir postponed all examinations which had been scheduled for Thursday and Friday. Hizbul Mujahideen, an indigenous mujahideen organisation fighting for Kashmir’s independence from Indian occupation, has claimed responsibility for an attack when two separatist militants killed five members of the Indian Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) before being shot dead themselves. A baffled Interior Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde took to traditional Indian response of pointing figure at Pakistan when he lawmakers that the attackers “appeared” to be of Pakistani origin. “The authenticity of the claim (by Hizbul Mujahideen) is being verified,” he said.—NNI

Opening cases against Khan act of Nazism S RINAGAR — Terming the opening of dead cases against its chairman and senior separatist leader Nayeem Khan as an ‘act of Nazism’, National Front said the aim of such act was to curb the ‘ongoing movement’. National Front said such acts would not effect the resistance movement. “India that calls itself the world’s largest democracy has declared a war against Kashmiri people. It is scared even with the bodies of our martyrs. “To manage attacks by the hooligan elements on the leadership has also become order of the day but the long history of the movement is witness that such tactics have failed in future too and will not bear any fruit for India in future as well,” he said. The spokesman said opening of old cases against Nayeem Khan and not producing him before the court on March 13 for the second consecutive time proved that India having made a considerable.—NNI

ing the fulfillment of the same pledge. Syed Ali Gilani demanded immediate release of illegally detained Kashmiri youth. He termed the invoking of draconian law, Public Safety Act, against senior APHC leader, Shabbir Ahmed Shah, and his shifting from Srinagar central jail to Kot Bhalwal jail, Jammu, as political vendetta. The Chairman of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front, Muhammad Yasin Malik, who is also under house arrest in Srinagar, in his statement said that the crackdown by Indian police on leaders and activists

dom organizations was admission of defeat by India in Kashmir. He described the shifting of Shabbir Ahmad Shah to Kot Bhalwal jail under the PSA as frustration of the puppet administration. The Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom Party General Secretary, Muhammad Abdullah Tari, in a statement said that the puppet regime could not break the resolve of the party Chairman, Shabbir Ahmed Shah, by putting him behind the bars. The APHC spokesman in his statement denounced in strong terms the

Hurriyat leaders may skip Pak Day function due to detentions, prevailing situation SRINAGAR — Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi has invited several pro-freedom Kashmiri leaders to participate in Pakistan Day function on March 23 at Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi. However, the leaders are unlikely to participate as all the leaders have been put under house arrest or are detained. The pro-freedom leaders said that the hostile situation in the Valley that has risen in the aftermath of Afzal Guru’s hanging and the subsequent killing of the civilians also stops them. Confirming the invitation, Hurriyat Conference Chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq said they

would not be able to go this time due to the prevailing situation in the Valley. “We would have attended the function but this time situation demands we remain here. We cannot afford to leave. Moreover, all the leaders have been put under house arrest,” Mirwaiz said. Syed Ali Geelani and Yasin Malik said that they were yet to receive the invitation. One of the Hurriyat members said most Hurriyat leaders had received the invitation but they won’t be able to participate in the Pakistan Day function at Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi. “We cannot afford to leave at this juncture as troops are killing our people. We have to re-

endogenous guerrilla warfare in Kashmir. So it was paradigm shift in the conventional mode of peaceful democratic resistance. Adversaries who could not comprehend his philosophy of armed resistance would jeer, sneer and scoff at his militant demeanour. Escapism and defeatist mindset of his adversaries could not deter him from darting into Kashmir in June 1966 along with his equally resolute companions maj. Amanullah and Aurangzeb (alias Tahir). At Nadihal, Baramullah, there was an encounter with Indian security personnel; Aurangzeb died as a martyr and Maqbool was arrested and lodged in Srinagar central jail where ‘special court’, on Aug. 17-1968, passed a death sentence against him. However, his militant dexterity and adroitness facilitated his escape from the prison on Dec. 91968; and, after traversing the inhospitable mountains for 16 days, he along with his two colleagues reached Muzaffarabad on Dec. 25, 1968 to embark on a hazardous task to emphasize his style of struggle with added resolve. Shimla agreement of 1972 which debarred Pakistan from providing any material help to free-

main here. We cannot afford to celebrate Pakistan Day and let our people face the brutality of troops,” he said. Pakistan every year invites separatist leaders, Bar Association, traders and journalistic fraternity from the Valley to celebrate Pakistan Day. Pakistan Day or Pakistan Republic Day is a national holiday in Pakistan to commemorate the Lahore Resolution of 1940 and the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan during the transition of the dominion of Pakistan to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on 23 March 1956 making Pakistan the world’s first Islamic republic.—NNI

PALLANDARI: Party workers welcoming ex-Prime Minister Barrister Sultan Mehmood Chaudhry here on Saturday.

Resolution on Afzal’s body to test National Conference SRINAGAR—In absence of the submitted by PDP members will balloting process, likely a week main opposition Peoples Democratic Party, the National Conference is set to face an acid test in the Legislative Assembly on March 30 if the resolution seeking mortal remains of Muhammad Afzal Guru is selected through balloting process. Interestingly, the ruling party would have to manage the possible precarious situation alone as PDP has boycotted the session and Congress is likely to oppose the resolution. The government has made some changes in the Assembly business calendar and fixed March 30 for taking up resolutions. “There are nearly 70 resolutions by various members that will go through ballot,” a source said. They said the resolutions

not be entertained thereby making the chances of selection of Guru resolution possible. The resolution seeking Guru’s mortal remains back from Tihar Jail has been submitted by Independent legislator from Langate, Engineer Abdur Rashid. “I have submitted four resolutions but I will prefer the one favoring return of Guru’s body,” he said. “It would have been better if Chief Minister Omar Abdullah would have used his powers and selected my resolution without balloting,” Rashid said. Secretary Legislative Assembly Muhammad Ramzan said, “The resolutions will be taken up for discussion and debate on March 30 instead of March 26.” There would be an open

Existentialism and resistance The doctrine of existentialism will continue to invigorate the resistance movement of Kashmir. In resistance politics it is the indefatigable will and resolve of an ideologue which perpetually revitalizes his sentiments and emotions and imbues and inspires him with hope and confidence to march towards the cherished goal of Azadi. Doctrinist Maqbool Butt, the resistance icon, was a proficient journalist and political genius overwhelmed by exuberant and ebullient love for resistance struggle. Maqbool, as an adept and ideal militant strategist, could, through emphasis on the doctrine of existentialism, instil self-confidence and optimism into the hearts of his compatriots. His leadership charisma, flair and finesse taught him to adopt all the viable modes of political manoeuvre and guerrilla tack and knack to facilitate rejuvenation, reinvigoration and reanimation of freedom aspirations and emotions of Kashmiris. Failure of Operation Gibraltar and subsequent inconclusive Indo-Pak Sept. 1965 war proved an eye-opener for Maqbool Butt, who, as highly indoctrinated freedom ideologue, propounded the theory of a sustained indigenous and

Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and slapping of PSA on Shabbir Shah. Hurriyet leaders, Ghulam Ahmad Mir and Farida Behenji, in their statements deplored that New Delhi had stepped up its state terrorism in the territory after the judicial murder of Muhammad Afzal Guru. In Geneva, the International Council for Human RightsKashmir Project dedicated the Kashmir UN Week outside the headquarters of the United Nations to the victims of rape in occupied Kashmir and the recent execution of Muhammad Afzal Guru.—KMS

dom zealots of Kashmir and also the IndiraAbdullah accord of 1974 which symbolized Sheikh Abdullah’s cynicism and abject capitulation forced Maqbool Butt to re-assert with his existential militant doctrine. Thus Maqbool’s doctrine of existentialism and propensity for patriotic initiative made him feel restless. So he, while rejecting these ignominious agreements reentered Kashmir valley in May 1976 to reorganize the revolutionary cadres here for a sustained armed struggle. He was again arrested and lodged in Tihar jail where he, after having faced every sort of ordeal, for long eight years, had to face gallows on Feb. 11, 1984 to become the proud protomartyr of Kashmir. The dictatorial and peremptory fixation of Delhi imperialists facilitated politically-motivated custodial killing of Maqbool Butt. This brash authoritarian and totalitarian tyrannical act invited the wrath and reprisal of Kashmiri youth who launched armed insurgency on July 31-1988 just to requite for the heinous act of murder. Afzal Guru’s hanging on Feb. 9-2013 is one more instance of custodial killing, which aggravated the

before March 30 to select resolutions. “Since opposition PDP members are on boycott, there are 50 per cent chances that Guru resolution may be selected,” a source said. The MLA Langate said he will remain present during the balloting process, which according to him, is scheduled for either March 24 or 25. “I am sure that my resolution will be selected. It will test everybody, especially National Conference that claims to be supportive of the demand that Guru’s body be returned to his family,” said Rashid. National Conference Additional General Secretary Sheikh Mustafa Kamaal said Rashid’s resolution is a “futile exercise” given the fact that New Delhi has made it clear that they won’t return Guru’s body.—Online

situation in Kashmir. Delhi chauvinists who are inured to anti-Kashmir policy and programme did not bother to evaluate the judicious and sound opinion of those who asked them to be circumspect, discreet and nonchalant while dealing with Guru’s case. The present topsy-turvy situation here is a making of these arrogant Delhi hawks. Guru’s custodial killing sentimentalized Kashmir politics. Kashmir—due to political cataclysm and upheaval, was teetering on the brink when on March 12-2013 the news of Delhi’s refusal to transfer Afzal Guru’s corpse to Kashmir got splattered over the front pages of daily papers. And on March 13-2013 police chief blustered, sputtered and spluttered against the resistance leaders using frenzied verbiage and domineering jargon in the Srinagar dailies. It was the sabre-rattling of obtruding police chief which literally precipitated the fluid situation into a doom at Bemina at 11 a.m., i.e. barely four hours after the release of dailies of March 13 – 2013. Remember that reckless courage is often self-defeating. It is true that Syed Salah-ud-deen’s patriotic doctrine of existentialism did create a flutter on March 13 – 2013; however, it is equally true that independent guerrilla initiative of a Kashmiri doctrinist will always add to the vulnerability of South Asia.Courtesy:—Kashmir Watch

Telecoms market YANGON—Google Inc Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt, who visited North Korea in January, will become the first high-profile tech company executive to visit Myanmar in the wake of reforms that prompted Western nations to ease sanctions following decades of military dictatorship. The visit next week to Myanmar, where Schmidt will speak at a technology and communications park and meet with government officials, is just one stop in a multi-country Asian tour to promote Internet access, according to Google. Since Myanmar’s military stepped aside and a quasi-civilian government was installed in 2011, setting off a wave of political and economic reforms, the country has enjoyed a surge of interest from overseas businesses. The former Burma is the last virgin territory for businesses in Asia, with untapped markets including the telecoms sector: mobile penetration in the country of 60 million is estimated to be a meagre 510 percent.—APP

Bilateral trade Observer Report FAISALABAD—Romanian Ambassador, Mr. Emilian Ion has hoped that its consulate in textile capital of Pakistan will play a major role in enhancing bilateral trade between the two counties. He was addressing a formal function after inaugurating its consulate here. He congratulated Faiq Javed honorary consulate of Romania and said that he will work for cementing friendly relations in addition to helping Pakistan in resolving its energy crisis. The Romanian Ambassador said that it was probably the first foreign consulate in Faisalabad which would help local business community to get its due share in global markets. He said that Romanian Consulate in Faisalabad will also help in promoting cultural economic and educational relationship between the two countries. Earlier, Mr.Emilian Ion along with Faiq Javed unfurled Romanian flag and sang its anthem. The Romanian Ambassador also unveiled a special plaque of Romanian consulate at Faisalabad. The function was attended by leading businessmen including, Shaiq Javed Chairman Faisalabad Development Trust (FDT), Khawaja Asim Khursheed Chairman Faisalabad Industrial Estate Development and Management Company (FIEDMC), Asghar Ali chairman Pakistan Textile Exporters Association (PTEA) and Mian Javed Anwar.

Pak-Iran gas project to boost economy STAFF CORRESPONDENT M U LTA N —Khawaja Muhammad Younus, Chairman All Pakistan Bedsheets and Upholstery Manufacturer’s Association (APBUMA) said that execution of Pak-Iran Gas line has been breath of fresh year for the industrial sector of Pakistan. He said that energy crises from last few years has greatly undermined the production of industrial sector of Pakistan and reached its peak during the current winter. Chairman APBUMA hoped that the project will be completed by 2014 and there will be enough gas in our sys-

tem to meet our domestic demand. He showed optimism that work on 781 km pipeline at our side will soon be started at war bases. He said that this project will boost economy and value-added sector due to generation of 4000 megawatt electricity as well. He said that the textile sector of Punjab had its nightmare during December-2012 to Feb2013 where the gas remained suspended for more than two months. He said that after experiencing worst ever energy shortage industrial sector was desperately looking for the relief in the future. He was of the view that en-

tire industrial sector was looking towards the Pak-Iran gas line project as there was no other feasible project in sight. He said that the said project was delayed time and again owing to international pressures and need political will to be settled. Younus praised the President showing the political will for negating all the international pressure in the greatest interest of nation. He said that the nation will remember the Pak-Iran pipeline of symbol of courage and vision of President Asif Ali Zardari and a gift for people from Pakistan People’s Party regime.

Wapda initiates water logging control project STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—The Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (Wapda) has initiated Muzaffar Garh Canal Lining Project to control water logging in Muzaffar Garh District of Punjab province. Lining of Muzaffar Garh Canal and other remedial measures are scheduled to be completed in two years with an estimated cost of Rs.8.66 billion. Ground-breaking of the project was jointly performed by the former Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani and Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar. WAPDA Chairman Syed Raghib Shah was also present on the occasion. In her address the Foreign Minister said that the project will

significantly contribute towards socio-economic uplift of the people by boosting agriculture and reducing poverty in the area. Counting the advantages, she said that annual benefits of the project have been estimated at Rs.1.68 billion. It is pertinent to mention that the twin menace of water logging and salinity has been on the rise in Muzaffar Garh district due to excessive seepage from Muzaffar Garh and TaunsaPanjnad Link canals since completion of Taunsa Barrage in 1958, depriving the people of their cultivable land. Earlier, WAPDA Chairman briefed that the project is of immense importance for agriculture development in the country, as it will help reclaim about 400,000 acres of land for cultivation in Kot Addu and

Muzaffar Garh. Dilating upon the salient features, he said that the project comprises of concrete lining of 63-kilometer long Muzaffar Garh Canal, construction of 110-kilometer long new drains, rehabilitation of allied structures as well as construction of 50 new bridges. The project has been bifurcated in six contracts, so as to complete it in the shortest possible time by carrying out work on all the contracts simultaneously, he added. The Chairman said that the project will also be instrumental in bringing additional land under cultivation, as more water will be made available for irrigation due to control of seepage from the two canals.

PCDMA opposes controversial SRO STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Pakistan Chemicals and Dyes Merchants Association (PCDMA) has opposed SRO 212(I)/2013, which will charge one percent withholding tax on imports made by five leading export sectors and three percent tax on imports of commercial importers as per SRO 1125(I)/2011. In a communication to FBR Chairman Ali Arshad Hakim, Salim Vali Mohammad informed the Board that through SRO 212(I)/2013 dated March 14, amendments have been made in the Second Schedule to the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. Tax under section 148 shall be collected at the rate of one percent

in case of manufacturers and three percent in case of commercial importers covered under Notification SRO No 1125(I)/ 2011 dated December 31, 2011. Despite assurance given by Finance Minister, FBR issued another discriminatory SRO 212(I)/2013, which entirely negates the recommendations of Tax Reform Coordination Group (TRCG) to levy taxes uniformly without any discrimination between industrial and commercial importers to stop fraudulent practices. The SRO shall lead to increased activity of fraudulent elements, who shall import goods, in the disguise of industrial importers depriving national exchequer of revenue and hurting businesses of honest tax paying com-

mercial importers and their customer viz textile and tanning industries in SME sector, he said. The FBR has provided amnesty to such fraudulent elements under 179(I)/2013 by allowing them to pay just two percent sales tax instead of five percent as leviable under SRO 1125. The members of PCDMA from an essential part of the supply chain of the zerorated export sectors and thus are major stakeholder. In fact PCDMA members and industrial segments are inter-dependant and if problems are created for one segment, the other is bound to be disturbed. Salim Vali Mohammad added that the FBR should consider proposals and address their concerns to remove hardships of genuine taxpayers.

Inflation pressures BRUSSELS—Inflation pressures in the Eurozone are easing, data showed, giving governments and central bankers a touch more leeway for stimulus as the region’s leaders seek to shift their focus to reviving economic growth. Modest wage growth and a cooling of food price pressures drove annual Eurozone inflation down to 1.8 per cent in February, its lowest level since mid-2010, the EU’s statistics office said. The figure, which confirmed Eurostat’s flash estimate from March 1 and was as expected by economists polled by Reuters, is around the European Central Bank’s target of below but close to two per cent. Combined with only very modest wage increases in the fourth quarter of 2012, the data highlights the weakness of the Eurozone economy and will fuel expectations in some quarters that the ECB could cut interest rates this year.—Agencies

KARACHI: The Furniture Show 2013 being inaugurated by Sindh Information Minister Sharjeel Inam Memon. Turhan Baig Mohammad, Founder Chairman APFEA & Chairman Exhibition Committee; Humayun Laiq, Chairman APFEA, Uzma Faraz of Virsa, Nasir uddin Sheikh, Chairman FPCCI SC on Fairs & Exhibitions, Nauman K Dar, President & CEO HBL, S T Mustafa, Secretary NIC are also accompanying the Chief Guest.

Gas supply to industry from 20th OBSERVER REPORTER FAISALABAD—Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL) has announced that the gas supply to the industry of Faisalabad, Sargodha, Bahawalpur, Gujranwala, Multan and Rawalpindi will be restored for 72 hours from March 18. A spokesman for SNGPL said on Saturday that a notification had also been issued under which the gas supply would be restored at 6 a.m. on Monday and continue up to 6 a.m. on Thursday (March 21). He said the next week, three-day gas supply would be restored to industries of Lahore, Sahiwala and Sheikhupura regions.

Pak names 15 members for JBC with India STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The Pakistan government has nominated 15 members for the Pakistan-India Joint Business Council (JBC) following a decision by the two countries to create the body to boost commerce and economic ties. Bashir Ali Muhammad, the chairman of Gul Ahmed Textiles, Lucky Cement CEO Muhammad Ali Tabba, Habib Bank President and CEO Nauman Dar, Iftikhar Ali Malik, the owner of the Guard Group of Companies, Farmers Associates president

Muhammad Tariq Bucha and Pakistan-India Business Council chairman Noor Muhammad Kasuri are among the nominated members. A notification regarding the nominated members has been issued by the Commerce Ministry here in line with a decision made by the Commerce Ministers of India and Pakistan in April last year to set up the Joint Business Council, officials said. The Commerce Ministry will facilitate the first meeting of the Joint Business Council and the Foreign Ministry has been asked to arrange dates for the meet.

NBP open branch at Union Council Contrilla Gujar Khan OUR CORRESPONDENT G U J J A R K H A N —The National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) has opened its new functional branch at Union Council Contrilla Gujar Khan. In this connection, NBP Regional Office Rawalpindi arranged an impressive ceremony for inauguration of the branch. Raja Javed Ashraf a well known political figure of PPP of Tehsil Gujar Khan and younger brother of Prime Minister Pakistan Raja Pervez Ashraf formally opened Contrilla Branch. In his address, he extended his gratitude to the Bank Management for opening of NBP Branch at the shortest possible time. Local people especially the old aged pensioners offered special thanks to the Prime Minister of Pakistan for meeting 35-year public demand. Besides other local notables, Mr. Khalid Mehmood EVP/Group Chief, Operations, Head Office Karachi, Mr. Shah Jehan Khan, EVP, Regional Head, Rawalpindi, Mr. Shahid Iqbal Qureshi SVP and Members of Regional Management Committee namely Mr. Basharat Ali, GM Operations, Mr. Zahid Iqbal GM Business, Mr. Muhammad Riaz Asim GM Credit, Mr. Muhammad Iftikhar GM HR also participated in the function. Mr. Khalid Mehmood EVP/Group Chief during his remarks said that NBP with its 1300 Branches is rendering services at far flung areas of the country.

KARACHI: Yaseen Anwar Governor State Bank of Pakistan delivering speech in a 6th International Mobile Commerce Conference.—PO photo sultan Chaki

Tax defaulter unable to contest elections STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Candidates contesting upcoming elections who come in the category of tax defaulters include; non-National Tax Number (NTN) holders liable to file income tax returns, NTN-holders not filing returns, return filers not filing wealth statements and cases where tax demand is recoverable under Income Tax Ordinance 2001. The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) could disqualify the election contestants on the basis of tax defaults, which would be communicated by the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) to the ECP. There are different dimensions of tax defaults under Section 114 and Section 116 of the Income Tax Ordinance 2001. If any of the contesting candidates fall in this category, he either does not exist on the FBRs NTN Master Index or he is not filing income tax returns. Non-

filers of income tax return/ wealth statements automatically fall in the category of defaulters. Therefore, contesting candidates for upcoming elections would be considered tax defaulters if they are non-NTN holders, but liable to file returns or non-filers of income tax returns and wealth statements and where tax demand is recoverable against the contesting candidates. There is no need to determine whether a contesting candidate is a tax defaulter or not, as Sections 114 and 116 of the 2001 Ordinance are clear on the issue. Under Section 114, different categories of persons are required to file returns, including NTN holders. Thus, it is mandatory for persons specified in Section 114 of the Ordinance 2001 to file returns. The non-filing of returns is a default. Similarly, non-filing of wealth statements under Section 116 is also a default.

PTCL’s OSS opens in Sukkur OBSERVER REPORT KARACHI—Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL) has recently inaugurated a revamped One Stop Shop (OSS) in Sukkur. As part of its Customer First initiative, the company is facilitating its customers through its nationwide One Stop Shops offering a widerange of PTCL landline and broadband services. The One Stop Shop was inaugurated by Kamran Malik, PTCL Executive Vice President (EVP), Customer Care. Abdul Karim Danver, PTCL Regional General Manager (RGM), Sukkur; Naeem Siddiqui, PTCL General Manager, Customer Care and other senior officials of the company were also present at the occasion. PTCL One Stop Shops are strategically placed nationwide, which serve and facilitate the company’s customers by offering one-window operations including billing adjustments and payments, fault rectification, new service requests, duplicate bills and many other telecom services all under one roof. The company has recently inaugurated its revamped One Stop Shops in all major cities across Pakistan.

Iraq to spend $173b on energy infrastructure BASRA—Iraq plans to invest $173 billion in its energy infrastructure over the next five years in order to dramatically ramp up crude output, Oil Minister Abdelkarim Al Luaybi said on Saturday. The investment in upstream activities, refineries and to increase natural gas production will boost oil production to 9.0 million barrels of oil per day and bring in revenues of $600 billion, Luaybi told a conference in the southern port city of Basra. “This plan will achieve revenues that will reach about $600 billion in the coming five years,” Luaybi said. Iraq currently produces around 3.15 million bpd, according to oil ministry spokesman Assem Jihad, of which around 2.5 million bpd is exported. The country has proven reserves of 143.1 billion barrels, among the highest figures in the world. It has sought in recent years to sign contracts with international energy firms in order to boost output sharply and cement its role as a key global oil supplier.—Agencies

Large scale manufacturing growing in a big way STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—The Large Scale

Success is when ... you do more than you need to do before you’re asked to do it, not because you’re asked to do it — but because you want to do it.

KARACHI: Senator Makhdoom Amin Fahim, CEO TDAP Abid Javed Akbar, Chairman APGMJA Saeed Mazhar and others on the occasion of stone laying foundation ceremony of Dazzle Park.—PO Photo

Manufacturing (LSM) sector showed a gradual growth of nearly 3 percent during the July-January period of the current fiscal year against the same period of the last fiscal year. Economists said that the on-going energy crisis and the rising cost of doing business were hampering the growth of large-scale manufacturing.

Although, LSM growth is gradually improving, but the country can achieve a better growth, if the government properly addresses issues such as energy shortages, development of (inadequate) infrastructure and (worsening) law and order (situation), they said. Urging the government to take serious steps to resolve these issues, they said that a healthy growth in the LSM sector was required to create new job opportunities, besides

achieving real GDP growth. According to Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) Quantum Index Numbers, Large Scale Manufacturing (LSM) Industries posted a cumulative growth of 2.73 percent Year-onYear (YoY) growth during the first seven months of the current fiscal year. With the current surge, the Quantum Index Numbers of LSM industries surged to 111.69 points in July-January period of the fiscal year 2013 against

108.72 points in the corresponding period of the past fiscal year (2012). The Provisional QIM was computed on the basis of latest production data of 112 items received from sources, including the Oil Companies Advisory Committee (OCAC), Ministry of Industries and Production and Provincial Bureaus of Statistics. OCAC supplied the data of 11 items, Ministry of Industries & Production supplied the data of 36 items and Provincial Bureaus

of Statistics (BoS) provided data for 65 items. All three production indices depicted a similar trend during the period under review. However, provincial BoS index was the main driver of the current growth in the LSM sector. A detailed analysis showed that the provincial BoS index achieved a growth of 1.51 percent, rising to 131.83 points during July-January period of FY13. OCAC posted a growth of 0.65 percent, increasing to

89.71 points and the ministry of industries index surged to 107.85 points, up by 0.57 percent. The monthly LSM index posted a robust growth of 4.62 percent in January 2013. The Ministry of Industries index posted an increase of 2.01 percent, whereas Provincial BoS index stepped up by 1.85 percent and the OCAC index recorded an increase of 0.76 percent In January 2013 against January of last year.

Leading sectors such as textiles, food, beverages and tobacco, paper and board, pharmaceuticals, iron and steel products, coke and petroleum products, chemical and rubber products posted a growth during the first seven months of the current fiscal year, while on the other hand production of automobile, fertilizers, wood products, electronics, leather products and engineering products remained depressed.

Pakistan possesses marvelous growth potential: Abdullah Yousaf USA









LAHORE—Pakistan has a mar-
















velous growth potential that could not be tapped so far because of inconsistency in policies, distortion in tax system, cumbersome taxation procedures and absence of businessfriendly policies. Former FBR Chairman Abdullah Yousaf said this while speaking at the threehour long brain-storming session at the Lahore Chamber of Commerce & Industry on Saturday. LCCI office-bearers including LCCI President Farooq Iftikhar, Senior Vice President Irfan Iqbal Sheikh, Vice President Mian Abuzar Shad, former Presidents and Executive Committee members spoke on various challenges being faced by LAHORE: Punjab Chief Minister Mian Shahbaz Sharif and President of Bank of Punjab Naeemuddin Khan at the inau- the economy. guration ceremony of BoP’s first Islamic banking branch.










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Beekeeping workshop OBSERVER REPORT L AHORE —The five-day workshop on National Beekeeping Training has concluded here on Friday. PU Acting Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Liaqat Ali, Chairman Zoology Department Prof Dr Muhammad Akhter, Dr Nasreen Muzaffar, officials from provincials and federal departments, Army officers, faculty members, researchers from all the provinces and a large number of students participated in the ceremony. Addressing the ceremony, Dr Liaqat Ali said that it was the matter of pride and pleasure that the participant had learnt theoretical and practical knowledge through this workshop on honey-bee farming. Highlighted the importance of bees flora and wildlife, the researchers said that bees farming should be promoted in the country.

Oil prices rise N EW Y ORK —Oil prices rose on Friday amid renewed concerns about the oil-rich Middle East ahead of US President Barack Obama’s visit to Israel next week and a fall in a key US consumer confidence reading. New York’s main contract, West Texas Intermediate for April, closed at $93.45 a barrel, up 42 cents from Thursday. Brent North Sea crude for delivery in May climbed 86 cents to settle at $109.82 a barrel in London trade. An unexpected fall in the University of Michigan’s consumer sentiment survey “was a factor that kept the WTI from doing further gains,” said Michael Lynch of Strategic Energy and Economic Research. Obama’s upcoming visit to Israel next week, expected to highlight tensions over Iran’s suspected nuclear weapons program, was putting the market on edge, said James Williams of WTRG Economics. Obama is due to arrive in Israel on March 20 for a threeday visit, his first since being elected president in 2008. The trip will also take him to the Palestinian territories. “There will be a lot of noise about that,” he said. “Nothing he will say will make prices go down.” On Thursday, Obama warned Tehran was close to getting a nuclear bomb and the US military option remained on the table. In an interview with Israel’s Channel 2 television, Obama laid out a clear timeline for Iran to acquire a military nuclear capacity, and said that Washington would not wait until the last minute to take action to stop it. “We think that it would take over a year or so for Iran to actually develop a nuclear weapon, but obviously, we don’t want to cut it too close,” he said. Iran insists its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes.—APP

kistan Study Centre Sichuan University Chengdu, China, Dr Chen Jidong said that the China is willing to extend every possible financial and technical support in the construction of a regional railway hub in Pakistan. Dr Chen further said the active promotion of construction of the railway project will connect Pakistan with Xinjiang region in China and will enhance the capacity of transportation between the two countries not only by land but also to a new outbound transportation line for western China. The project will have the greatest advantage for Pakistan; and will build trade and transport corridors by connecting South Asia, West Asia, Central Asia and Western China owing to the countries geo-

graphical advantages, he added. This, he said while speaking at a seminar organised by the Department of International Relations University of Peshawar in collaboration with Institute of Policy Studies Islamabad. Chen said that Pakistan has a railway network not younger than the year 1861, aging by the day and needs arduous upgrading. The project if pursued will transform Pakistan internal railway system and bring economic revival in the country. Certain external powers are creating serious law-and-order situation in the province of Balochistan, with the evil design to halt the expected development of the area through Gwadar port operations, said the Chinese strategic analyst Prof. Zhon Rong. He added the taking over of operations of Gwadar Port by a Chinese Com-

pany in the recent past to go with the railway project, can transform Pakistan into economic giant of the 21st Century. Let me tell the Pakistani people that Gwadar Port is first for the development of Pakistan and then any other country. The American withdrawal by end of 2014 would start the beginning of golden period for Balochistan, he added. Responding to a question of IR student, he said let us not dispute something for the sake of personal disagreement, let’s do work more than making noise, said Prof. Zhon Rong. Gwadar port will always belong to Pakistan. The Pakistani government has handed it over to Chinese Company because the Singapore Company who was in charge of the port operations in 2007 could not deliver the desired results, he added.

Protest held against controversial SROs STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Members and chairmen of five zero rated textile and export sectors associations have stage a demo before Site Association of Industry (SAI) to protest against the recently issued SRO 154(i)/2013 dated 28-02-2013; SRO 140(i)/2013 dated 26-022013 by Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) and demanded its withdrawal without delay. The demonstrators were holding black flags and banners demanding withdrawal of SROs. They also charted slogans against FBR. The

demonstrators expressed that the SRO will benefit unregistered people and said that the government was giving too much importance to the unregistered sector instead of registered sector which earn huge foreign exchange for the country. They said that the government penalized registered sector by imposing tax. Imposing sales tax and later refunding the same is clearly a tool for opening doors of corruption, they claimed. The demonstrators alleged that FBR has deliberately took only those persons on board who

are selling their goods to the unregistered persons while preparing SROs. They further said that not a single person from registered sector was taken on board while the SRO was under dis-cussion for preparing and issuing. The demonstrators alleged that FBR giving punishment of registering to registered sector. They pointed out that all over the world governments facilitate and provide VIP treatment to its registered sector whereas in Pakistan the government treating registered in other way and this sector is look like orphans.

Research associations playing important role

ISLAMABAD: Dr Iftikhar Ahmed, Chairman PARC administered oath to newly elected Pakistan Agricultural Research Scientists Association officials.

STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Research associations have been playing an important role in promoting scientific research and development activities to help bring social and economic prosperity in a society. This was stated by the Chairman Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) Dr. Iftikhar Ahmad while addressing the oath taking ceremony of Pakistan Agriculture Research Scientists Association (PARSA). The PARC Chairman

called upon the agri scientist to prepare a work plan based on long, medium and short-term strategies to move forward for the agricultural development in the country. He stressed the need for ensuring collection of quality information for conducting research and influencing the polices to promote livestock and agri-sector in the country. He appreciated the role of outgoing association for creating and enabling environment for conducting the research activities in the

KARACHI—Siemens held an information session at N.E.D. University Karachi as part of a series of university visits across Pakistan to challenge the region’s brightest young minds to develop real-world solutions to real-world challenges as part of its Student Award 2013 competition. The event was attended by a large number of students and faculty member. Mr.

Guenter Zwickl MD and CEO Siemens Pakistan., Prof Dr.Muzaffar Mehmood Pro Vice Chancellor N.E.D. and Mr. M.N. Arslan Head of HR at Siemens addressed the students This year’s award was announced by Peter Loescher, President and Chief Executive Officer of Siemens AG, during the World Future Energy Summit in Abu Dhabi on Jan. 15. The award tasks students with selecting one of four assignments and developing a

AMISP issues rates of commodities

Vegetables seminars held

LAHORE—Agriculture Market-

STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Pakistan Horticulture Development and Export Company (PHDEC) launched a series of workshops and seminars for capacity building of vegetables, dates and other horticulture products growers and prospective exporters. The Company arranged two highprofile capacity building workshops for vegetable and dates growers recently to apprise the participants about economic benefits and advantages of tunnel farming. The workshop to inform audience about the benefits of vegetable tunnel farming was arranged in Chiniot, where several growers and other stakeholders attended the workshop. The stakeholders showed great enthusiasm for production of vegetables by adopting tunnelfarming techniques. General Manager (North and Central) Jamal Ali Hasnie gave an exhaustive presentation on the working of PHDEC and tunnel farming. He furthered that growers and exporters should contact PHDEC for facilitation.

KCCL nominates Aziz as chief of PCLC STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—The Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI) has nominated Hafeez Aziz as Chief of Police Chamber Liaison Committee (PCLC) for the year of 2012-2013. This was announced by an official of the KCCI on Saturday.

PQ shipping activity KARACHI—Five ships arrived at the Port to load/ offload MEG at MW-2, palm oil at LCT, furnace oil at FOTCO, Ethylene at EVTL, iron ore at IOCB on Friday, port sources said here Saturday. Berth occupancy was maintained at 79% at the Port on Friday where a total of eleven ships namely M.V KPS-I Alican BeyPowership, M.V Global Peace, M.T Atlantic Glory, M.V SEA Gulld, M.V Mighty Ocean, M.V Kerstin S, M.V MSC Didem, M.T Lahore, M.T GAS Chem Antarctic, M.T Bunga Melatidua, M.V Smart Jessica are currently occupying berths to load/ offload cement, Meg, containers, iron ore, palm oil, furnace oil, ethyelne. Cargo handling operatiions were carried out smoothly at the Port where a cargo volume of 86643 tonnes comprising 59883 tonnes import, 26760 tonnes export and (2765) TUEs was handled during the last 24 hours. M.V Kerstin S sailed on Saturday night. M.V Lantau Arrow at Qict arrived on Saturday, as per arrival schedule.—APP

heavy government borrowing and currency devaluation could be blamed for huge debt that increases by more than Rs.63 billion when the dollar gains Rs.1. He said that out of total Rs.2 trillion government revenues, 58% goes to provinces under NFC award while out of remaining 42%, Rs. 1 trillion is utilized for debt servicing, Rs.600 billion for defence and Rs.500 billion are spent on public sector enterprises including Railways, PIA, Pakistan Steel Mills and WAPDA etc. He suggested resource mobilization and privatization of public sector enterprises to ensure economic recovery. He said that the right taxation policies coupled with good tax administration would help ensure resource mobilization.

Siddhartha Shah (ADB), Qaiser Javed (FWE), Lt Gen Muhammad Zaki (FFBQL), Lt Gen Muhammad Mustafa Khan (FF), Irtiza Kazmi (EVP, Head of Corporate Banking Division (South), NBP, Akbar Bilgrami (BF), Rehmat Ali Hasnie (SVP, Head of Investment Banking Wing, NBP), and Iain Elder (S&S).

NBP receives award STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) received an award “Middle East Renewable Deal of the Year 2012” from Project Finance Magazine (a publication of Euromoney PLC) for its role in Pakistan’s first first ever 100% Islamic Finance Renewable Power Projects: namely Foundation Wind Energy 1 and 2. Upon completion, the projects will contribute 100MW of electricity to Pakistan’s power grid. The transactions are valued at approximately US$250 million and are sponsored by the Fauji Foundation, Fauji Fertilizer Bin Qasim, Tapal Group

and Islamic Infrastructure Fund (operated by CapAsia Private Equity (Malaysia)). In addition to the equity contribution of the sponsors, the financing is being provided by a foreign group of multilateral development banks (Asian Development Bank and Islamic Development Bank) lending to the Projects under a USD denominated Ijara facilities in addition to Rupee denominated syndicated Musharaka facilities. By virtue of combination of local and foreign sponsors and lenders, these projects have attracted a total of US$ 152 million in the form of equity investment and long term foreign Islamic financing.

ing Information Service Punjab (AMISP) issued rates of agriculture products in local market on Saturday. As per details, following are the per 100 kg rates of different agriculture products in Lahore market: Maize minimum Rs 2700 and maximum 2875, Rice Super Basmati (New) minimum Rs 10000 and maximum Rs 11000, Rice Basmati (old) minimum Rs 11500 and maximum Rs 13000, white sugar minimum Rs 4920 and maximum Rs 4920, white gram (local) minimum Rs 9500 and maximum Rs 9500, Red Chili Whole (Dry) minimum Rs 12250 maximum Rs 13750, Cauliflower minimum Rs 800 and maximum Rs 1000.—APP

Nishat Hotel, shopping mall inaugurated STAFF REPORTER L AHORE—Chairman Nishat

Group Mian Muhammad Mansha has performed ground breaking of Nishat Hotel & Shopping Mall, a project on around 15 Acres (around 120 Kanals) by Nishat Hotels & Properties Limited, a Nishat Group company, in Lahore. The project consists of a high quality state of the art hotel and shopping mall of international standard as well as large banquet hall catering to the needs of the surrounding areas. Located near Expo Center (Trade and Finance Center), M.A. Johar Town, the project will be completed within the next 2 to 3 years. The proposed building has a covered areas of 2.75 million square feet comprising of 11 levels (i.e. eight floors plus ground plus three basements with adequate parking bays)housing 4 Star 100 beds hotel, banquet LAHORE: Chairman Nishat Group Mian Muhammad halls, shopping malls and stores Mansha performing groundbreaking of Nishat Hotel and with food courts, cineplex, Shopping Mall. health and leisure zones etc.

Insecurity, energy crisis top hurdle in economic growth STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Terming insecurity and energy crisis as top constraints in economic growth during last five-year tenure of the PPP-led coalition government, the All Pakistan Business Forum has asked all leading political parties to spell out their priorities before going for general elections. “After taking the responsibilities, the new government will have to concentrate on energy – the mother of all economic ills .”While drafting their election manifesto all political parties should prepare viable proposals in collaboration with energy experts and leading businessmen to be

implemented by the government after coming into power, suggested APBF chairman. The chairman, Syed Nabeel Hashmi, reviewing the five years period of the present government, observed that the overall business contracted primarily due to energy crisis coupled with law and order issues. Taking a strong exception to severe energy crisis, he suggested the government to hand over power distribution as well as management system to provinces which is the best possible solution to rid the country of prevailing energy crisis. Mr. Hashmi said that under the present government, the power sector is at the top of the list of

hurdles crippling industries. He warned that the economy is in serious trouble, as it experienced the lowest growth period in country’s history. He said inflation remained in double digits during past five years; while deficit remained at unbearable 6-7 per cent of the GDP. He said that APBF would not play the role of silent spectator on the issue of massive gas and electricity load shedding for the Punjab industry. APBF chairman said that the country spends 7.5 per cent of GDP on buying fuel due to soaring energy crisis while power cuts have shaved three to four per cent of GDP, with industry bearing the brunt.

institution. The newly elected president of PARSA, Dr Tariq Hassan assured that the association will continue its efforts to promote the scientific research and disseminate knowledge at the door steps of farmers. He also urged for implementing the decisions of the board of governors in which the research scientists were promoted but it was still waiting for implementation. Dr. Altaf Sher, Mr. Falak Naz and Mr. Anwar (Secretary General) LONDON—HSBC is expected also addressed on the occasion. to announce a near $23 billion annual profit, with cost-cutting and restructuring ahead of schedule as Europe’s biggest bank seeks to consign its U.S. practical and creative solution to troubles to the past. it. The assignments, which are dePretax profit for 2012 is fined by Siemens experts, address forecast at $22.7 billion, accordreal-life challenges in the Middle ing to the average of 28 analysts East and Pakistan that will need to polled, up 4 percent from $21.9 be tackled to support sustainable billion in 2011. The range of development in the region. estimates is wide, however. “Through this initiative, we HSBC’s Chief Executive aim to engage the brightest stu- Stuart Gulliver has sold or exited dents in Pakistan and provide 47 businesses since taking over at them with an outlet for their cre- the start of 2011, including the ative ideas,” said Gunter Zwickl, recent profitable sales of its stake CEO and Managing Director of in Chinese insurer Ping An and ISLAMABAD: President Pak Gulf Construction Sardar Tanvir Ilyas Khan inaugurating Siemens Pakistan. its Panama business.—Newswire Habib Bank The Centaurus Mall branch.

Siemens holds awareness session STAFF REPORTER

Abdullah Yousaf said that Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) which was $ 8.5billion in 2006 has now come down to $500 million that is an indication of poor health of our economy. He said that although there are a number of factors that could be blamed for this unlikely situation but frequent changes at policy level, regional instability and bureaucratic hurdles are the major reasons of this decline. He said that we would have to look into these issues to attract much needed foreign investment. He called for increase in tax to GDP ratio to overcome the issue of fiscal deficit. He said that the phenomenal increase in country’s overall debts from Rs.6 trillion in 2008 to Rs.14 trillion in 2013 has also affected the economic activities to much extent. He said that the

HSBC set for $23b profit

Resilience keeps spirits alive Monti to stay till new govt formed R OME —Italian President Giorgio Napolitano told Prime Minister Mario Monti on Saturday he would need to stay on as long as political parties fail to reach an accord that would allow a new government to be established after a deadlocked election. Italy’s outgoing Prime Minister and leader of a coalition of centre parties Mario Monti speaks during a news conference in Rome. Italy has been mired in political stalemate since the February vote that saw the centre-left alliance of Pier Luigi Bersani secure a majority in the lower house but fail to win the numbers to control the Senate as well and form a government. “It is important that in Europe, and in the exercise of whatever initiatives are possible and needed especially for the economy and jobs, the government remains under the authoritative leadership of Mario Monti until a new government is formed,” Napolitano said in a statement. With memories still fresh of the financial crisis that brought Monti to power in 2011, the impasse has aroused fears that bond markets could take fright, reigniting the turmoil and endangering the government’s ability to manage Italy’s 2-trillion-euro public debt pile. Parliament sat for the first time on Saturday and was expected to complete the elaborate process of electing new speakers on Saturday. But the parties have remained far apart, with no sign of any readiness to work together and strike a deal. Napolitano said he would begin consultations with party leaders on Wednesday to see if there is any chance that any of them can muster enough support to form a workable majority in parliament. Saturday’s statement, which followed a meeting with Monti on Saturday evening, ends speculation that the former European Commissioner could leave government and take over the influential position as speaker of the Senate as part of a wider deal with the centre-left.—Reuters

EU cautions on Syria arms lifting BRUSSELS—The European Union’s foreign policy chief urged caution on Saturday about a Franco-British drive to lift an EU arms embargo to help rebels in Syria, questioning the impact such a step might have on attempts to reach a political settlement there. EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton holds a news conference at the end of a European Union foreign ministers meeting in Brussels. Other EU governments rebuffed efforts by Paris and London at an EU summit on Saturday to lift the Syrian arms embargo to help opponents of President Bashar al-Assad, although they asked foreign ministers to discuss it again next week. EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said the EU needed to think “very carefully” about French and British arguments that lifting the embargo would encourage Assad to negotiate. The EU should also consult U.N. mediator Lakhdar Brahimi and and Moaz al-Khatib, head of the opposition Syrian National Coalition, about what impact lifting the embargo might have on their efforts to start talks to end the Syria crisis, she said. “What we’ve got to make sure of is anything we do does not make that (work) harder,” she said, speaking at a conference organised by the German Marshall Fund of the United States, a group committed to strengthening transatlantic cooperation. Germany led opposition to the Franco-British move to lift the embargo to help the rebels after two years of civil war that have killed 70,000 people, according to U.N. estimates. Opponents argue that arming the rebels could encourage Assad’s backers, Russia and Iran, to step up weapons deliveries to the government, fuelling an arms race, and they also fear that weapons could fall into the wrong hands, such as Islamist militants in the rebel ranks. Ashton said she had told EU leaders at Saturday’s summit that they must think through very carefully the implications of lifting the arms embargo.—Reuters

Kenya’s Odinga delays legal action NAIROBI—Kenya’s defeated presidential contender Raila Odinga has delayed his legal challenge to last week’s election result, his allies said on Saturday, extending a period of uncertainty over the outcome of the disputed poll. Raila Odinga addresses a news conference after Uhuru Kenyatta was declared winner of Kenya’s presidential election in the capital Nairobi. Odinga refuses to accept the slim first-round win by Kenya’s richest man, Uhuru Kenyatta, and his allies had said he would present a petition to the Supreme Court on Saturday alleging collusion between the president-elect and the electoral commission. But officials from Odinga’s CORD coalition told reporters the papers would now go to the court on Saturday - the deadline for complaints - to prevent their challenge getting “mixed up” with other election-related cases. “The reason for the postponement is merely strategic and has nothing to do with the content of the petition and other accompanying documents,” senior CORD member James Orengo said. So far there, has been none of the fatal tribal violence that erupted after the disputed 2007 presidential election, but hundreds of students protested on Saturday at a Nairobi university after discovering voting material on campus. Kenyatta, son of the country’s first president, faces charges of crimes against humanity at the International Criminal Court alleging he incited the 2007 violence. He denies the charges. Those clashes sent the region’s biggest economy into a tailspin and threatened the country’s image as a safe place for tourists and investors. Odinga has called for calm while he takes his case to court and has said he will accept the final ruling. SHowever, the students at Kenyatta University - named after the president-elect’s father - stormed the campus grounds on Saturday evening after discovering unattended boxes containing voting slips from the March 4 election, Kenyan media reported.—Reuters

Bulgaria not blacklist Hezbollah SOFIA—Bulgaria’s new interim prime minister said on Saturday he would not initiate any move to impose EU sanctions on the Islamist group Hezbollah, even though the country had implicated the Islamist movement in a bombing at a Black Sea resort. Bulgaria’s interim Prime Minister Marin Raikov speaks during an official ceremony in Sofia. Marin Raikov did not give a reason for his decision - but it will likely be seen as a concession to Bulgarian opposition groups, who have argued the country could open itself up to more attacks if it takes the lead in blacklisting Hezbollah. Raikov, a career diplomat, took over at the head of a technocrat administration on Wednesday after mass protests against poverty and corruption by opposition groups and other activists brought down Bulgaria’s centre-right government. He was appointed by the president to maintain market confidence and placate protesters before an election on May 12. Opposition leaders had also used the protests to denounce what they saw as irresponsible government accusations that Hezbollah was behind last year’s bombing that killed five Israelis in the Black Sea resort of Burgas. “Bulgaria will not initiate a procedure (for listing Hezbollah as a ‘terrorist organization’),” Raikov told the state BNR radio station. “We will only present the objective facts and circumstances and let our European partners decide.” Last month, then-interior minister Tsvetan Tsvetanov said three people were involved in the bombing and an investigation suggested they had links to Hezbollah, a powerful Lebanese Shi’ite Muslim movement. Last week, the European Commission said the EU would consider imposing sanctions on Hezbollah but did not yet have sufficient evidence of its activities in Europe to make a decision. No one was immediately available in Brussels to comment on what impact Raikov’s comments would have on the bloc’s broader stance. All 27 member states would have to agree to any sanctions to come into force. Israel also has stepped up lobbying in Brussels and Paris, calling on European governments to follow the United States in listing Hezbollah as a “terrorist organisation” and impose financial sanctions on it.—Reuters

Born in war, poverty, youth don’t leave Iraq BAGHDAD—The 21-year-old Iraqi teenagers and young adults 15 to 19 are married, according 90 percent believe women must together. Everything that works females enrolled. college student in Baghdad lost her father during the Iraq War to gunmen from a rival Muslim sect. Now she dreams of an Iraq where all people can “enjoy stable life and security.” The young bus driver from a former al-Qaida stronghold had to drop out of school to help support his family. He struggles to make ends meet but longs to resume his education. The teenager from the northern Kurdish region works in his father’s barber shop when he’s not in class. He looks forward to making a lot of money in Iraq — but only if the government can capitalize on its oil trade and foreign investments. As part of Iraq’s growing youth population — which accounts for about 60 percent of the nation’s people — all three say they are impatient at best about where their country is headed. The U.S.-led invasion of March 20, 2003, promised better lives for Iraqis after three decades of war, dictatorship and sanctions. Ten years later, the county is mired in widespread instability and political corruption. Nevertheless, interviews and discussions across the country with more than a dozen

reveal a resiliency and refusal to abandon hope. Deadly violence is common, jobs are scarce and education is a luxury, but they say they are unwilling to give up on Iraq. Moreover, a government survey shows that 80 percent of young Iraqis don’t want to move to another country. I want my country to be better, and I want my people to enjoy stable life and security, and for Iraq to be like a Western country,” said Shahad Abdul-Amir Abbas, whose father was killed in 2005 in the widespread sectarian fighting that brought Iraq to the brink of civil war. bbas, a Shiite who attends college in Baghdad, wants to find a good-paying job and to marry, but thinks “my personal ambitions will not come true unless my country gets rid of all the security, political and economic problems.” An estimated 18 million people of Iraq’s population of 30 million are younger than 25, according to data provided by the CIA and the United Nations. By comparison, Americans of that same age group make up about one-third of the U.S. population. Contraceptives are limited in Iraq, and an estimated 20 percent of girls ages

to the U.N. The fate of Iraq’s youth is a top concern for the U.N. envoy in Baghdad, especially as there are few if any obvious successors to the nation’s aging political leaders. As the upcoming generation looks to the future, the decisions they make today pursuing education, finding jobs, whether or whom to marry, and even to stay or leave the country will help determine whether and how quickly Iraq is able to achieve peace and prosperity. A 2009 study by the Iraqi Ministry of Youth and Sport reveals a decidedly traditional worldview among the nation’s young people. The survey of 6,492 households across Iraq, focusing in large part on 15,087 people ages 10 to 30, concluded that 60 percent of the country’s youth are generally optimistic about the future, especially teenage girls. The study was the first of its kind in Iraq, according to the U.N. However, the study also found that nearly 40 percent refuse to talk to people deemed different than them. Slightly more than half 52 percent do not have friends from different religions or sects. And more than

have the approval of their husbands or families before they are allowed to work outside the home. he survey has not been updated since 2009. It is currently being used to develop a national youth strategy, Iraqi government officials said. U.N. envoy Martin Kobler said teenage and young Iraqi adults generally remain isolated from other religious sects. But a group of several dozen Iraqi youths he recently took on a series of field trips to different mosques and shrines indicated a curiosity and willingness to learn. “They asked all kinds of questions they just do not know about the other denominations,” Kobler said in an interview Thursday. “And on one occasion, they interrupted the sheik, saying they don’t want to hear about sectarian attitudes. They said, ‘We want to hear about jobs, and about our future in Iraq not sectarianism.’” “The young people who have tolerance today will be adults with tolerance tomorrow,” Kobler said. “But young people with limited views and sectarianism today will have those views tomorrow. It’s very important that this country stays

to separate the country along sectarian lines is not conducive to an atmosphere where everybody is an Iraqi.” AbdulWadoud Fawzi, a 25-year-old Sunni, struggles to be optimistic. He is a native of Fallujah, the former al-Qaida stronghold in Iraq’s west that has been a recent hotspot of anti-government protests. Each weekday morning, Fawzi drives a minibus of students to Anbar University in the city of Ramadi, about 45 minutes away. He had to drop out of school to help support his family, earning $300 a month as a driver. “Studying might provide me with a better life and future,” he said. “My hopes are similar to the hopes of all Iraqis to live a peaceful and dignified life away from violence and war miseries. The country is getting worse, as long as justice is absent in Iraq, and it will not get better until we get rid of the unjust government.” The ministry study says nearly all youth 92 percent receive some formal schooling but that there’s a high drop-out rate. In 2009, the study estimated that fewer than half of Iraqis between the ages of 15 and 24 were still in school, with more males than

Government officials have tried to help young people mostly by creating sports clubs, offering computer training and opening fine arts centers. The Youth and Sport ministry has an annual $840 million budget but no authority to create jobs. Unemployment remains high among young Iraqis. Only 46 percent of people aged 25 to 30 had jobs in 2009, the government study showed. That’s compared to 81 percent of working Americans of the same age last year, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Some of the best jobs in Iraq are with the government, where a midlevel worker makes about $600 a month. Those jobs aren’t easy to get. In the southern port city of Basra, Akram Hashim, 25, is earning pocket change at a photography store even though he’s been trained in computer science. He says he does not have the political connections necessary to be given public work. “A stable government job to help my family is what is needed,” said Hashim, a Shiite who lives with his wife and daughter in his parents’ home with six other relatives.—AP

3 US astronauts return to earth MOSCOW—A Soyuz space capsule carrying an American astronaut and two Russian cosmonauts landed Saturday morning on the foggy steppes of Kazakhstan, safely returning the three men to Earth after a 144day mission to the International Space Station. NASA’s Kevin Ford and Russians Oleg Novitsky and Yevgeny Tarelkin had been scheduled to return on Friday, but the landing was postponed by a day because of bad weather. Live footage on NASA TV showed all three men smiling as they were helped out of the capsule and into reclining chairs to begin their acclimatization to Earth’s gravity after nearly five months in space. A NASA TV commentator said only two of 12 search and rescue helicopters were allowed to land at the touchdown site beA Syrian boy waves the Syrian revolutionary flag during a celebration to commemorate the second anniversary of the cause of heavy clouds and fog. So instead of being placed in an Syrian revolution, in Amman. inflatable medical tent for checks, the astronauts were taken fairly quickly to one of the helicopters. The temperature at the time was

Congolese rebels surrender, flee after defeat by rivals

KINSHASA—Hundreds of Con- tegic points,” Kazarama said. “It them out in the front yard of a golese rebels loyal to warlord Bosco Ntaganda have fled into neighbouring Rwanda or surrendered to United Nations peacekeepers after being routed by a rival faction, rebel and U.N. sources said on Saturday. Ntaganda’s apparent defeat comes after weeks of infighting within the M23 insurgency and could open the way for rival rebel leader Sultani Makenga to sign a peace deal with Kinshasa, bringing an end to a year-long rebellion in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Rebel spokesman Vianney Kazarama said Makenga’s fighters seized control of the town of Kibumba, 30 km (19 miles) north of Goma, capital of the mineralrich North Kivu province, early on Saturday. Ntaganda and an estimated 200 fighters fled into the forest while hundreds of others crossed the border into Rwanda, Kazarama said. At least seven fighters were killed. “We’re sweeping the area and placing our soldiers at stra-

is finished.” Ntaganda is wanted by the International Criminal Court on charges of killing civilians during a previous rebellion. His links to M23 have been a stumbling block to peace talks with Kinshasa - the Congolese government has repeatedly said it wants him brought to justice. “We’re following the situation very closely. The only thing we want is for Ntaganda to be arrested,” government spokesman Lambert Mende said. Ntaganda’s whereabouts could not be confirmed independently and members of his faction were not reachable by telephone on Saturday. About 300 uniformed M23 rebels loyal to Ntaganda sat in a clearing littered with empty beer bottles in a small Rwandan village in Rubavu District near the frontier, as locals in tattered clothes looked on. Rwandan soldiers, who walked around nearby, had collected heaps of the rebels’ weapons - AK-47 rifles, 60 mm mortar rounds and grenades - and laid

house. “They were fighting us on all sides so we were forced to come to Rwanda. We know we have international rights here,” said Prince Andema Makamo, who told Reuters he was a member of the M23 faction’s political unit. Ambulances ferried the wounded to a nearby medical clinic. A Rwandan military official said more than 700 rebel fighters arrived in several Rwandan frontier villages through the night and into the morning, and more than 150 of them were being treated for wounds sustained in the fighting. Rwanda officials also said M23’s former political head Jean-Marie Runiga, a Ntaganda loyalist who was ousted from the rebel hierarchy last month, was in the country, though his exact whereabouts were unknown. Dozens of other M23 fighters, including senior officers, had handed themselves over to U.N. peacekeepers in recent days, according to a U.N. source, who asked not to be named. —Reuters

Syria expands use of cluster bombs BEIRUT—The Syrian regime is York-based Human Rights authorized to make official stateexpanding its use of widely banned cluster bombs, an international human rights group said Saturday as the deadlocked conflict entered its third year. In new violence, rebels detonated a powerful car bomb outside a high-rise building in the eastern city of Deir el-Zour, setting off clashes with regime troops, state TV and activists said. The blast came a day after Syrians marked the second anniversary of their uprising against President Bashar Assad. The rebellion had begun with largely peaceful protests but in response to a regime crackdown turned into an insurgency and then a civil war. In recent months, the regime has escalated airstrikes and artillery attacks on rebel-held areas in the north and east of the country, rights groups have said. On Saturday, the New

Watch said Syrian forces have dropped at least 156 cluster bombs in 119 locations across the country in the past six months, causing mounting civilian casualties. Two strikes in the past two weeks killed 11 civilians, including two women and five children, the report said. The group said it based its findings on field investigations and analysis of more than 450 amateur videos. Cluster bombs open in flight, scattering smaller bomblets. They pose a threat to civilians long afterwards since many don’t explode immediately. Most countries have banned their use. A senior Syrian government official denied Saturday that regime forces use cluster bombs and said, “Many amateur videos are doubtful.” He spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not

ments to the media. The fighting in Syria has killed some 70,000 people and displaced 4 million of the country’s 22 million people, according to U.N. estimates. The conflict remains deadlocked, despite some recent military gains by the rebels. On Saturday, rebels in Deir el-Zour detonated a car rigged with more than two tons of explosives next to the tallest building in the city, known as the Insurance Building, state TV said. The TV said rebels entered the building after the blast but were pushed out by government forces. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, an activist group, also reported clashes between rebels and regime troops following the explosion. Regime forces also shelled several areas of the city, the group said.—Reuters

Iran authorises commanders to respond enemy attacks

TEHRAN—The spokesman for Iran’s armed forces says military commanders have been given the authority to respond immediately to enemy attacks. Gen. Masoud Jazayeri also says Iran keeps “all options are on the table”, language similar to that used by U.S. President Barack Obama to leave open the possibility of military action against Iran’s nuclear program.—Reuters

13 killed, 154 hurt in truck explosion TLAXCALA—At least 13 people

well below freezing. The crew was then flown to Kostanai, the staging site in Kazakhstan, where they posed for more photographs. Ford put on a traditional felt Kazakh hat and draped a matching coat over his flight suit, while holding up a matryoshka nesting doll of himself all souvenirs of the mission that began and ended in the Central Asian country. The three men blasted off on Oct. 23 from the Baikonur cosmodrome, which Russia leases from Kazakhstan. Vladimir Popovkin, the head of the Russian space agency, described the crew as “giving off good vibes, that they are a united and friendly team,” the Interfax news agency reported. Space officials said Ford would be flown to Houston, Texas, while the Russians would return to the space training facility outside Moscow. Their return voyage to Earth began with the Russian-made capsule undocking from the space station at 5:43 a.m. local time (1143gmt Friday) and beginning its slow drift away. —AP

Clipping presidential powers Zimbabweans polls ploicy HARARE—Zimbabweans were expected to vote for a new constitution on Saturday that would clip presidential powers and pave the way for an election to decide whether Robert Mugabe extends his three-decade rule. Mugabe, Africa’s oldest president at 89, has ruled the former British colony since independence in 1980 and has been accused of carrying out harsh crackdowns on the opposition and weakening state institutions like the cabinet and parliament. The new constitution would set a maximum two five-year terms for the president, starting with the next election, expected in the second half of this year. But the limit will not apply retroactively, so Mugabe could rule for another two terms. Presidential decrees will also require majority backing in the cabinet and declarations of emergency rule or dissolutions of parliament will need the approval of two thirds of lawmakers.

were killed and 154 others injured on Saturday when a truck containing fireworks exploded in a freak accident in the central Mexican state of Tlaxcala, casting a pall over a Catholic procession in honor of a local patron saint. The explosion was ignited when a stray firework fell into a truck carrying other fireworks, said Jose Mateo Morales, director of emergency services for Tlaxcala state. The fireworks were set to be used in a ceremony honoring Jesus Tepactepec, patron saint of a vil- O STRAVA —The Czech lage named after him in the mu- Republic’s likely next prime minnicipality of Nativitas.— Reuters ister says he plans to increase taxes on big firms and banks and put new emphasis on creating jobs to pull the economy out of a “deadly spiral”. Bohuslav Sobotka, re-elected AMMAN—Jordan says a bus on Friday as chairman of the opcarrying Palestinian pilgrims has position Social Democrats, also overturned and crashed into a reaffirmed his openness to a deal trailer on a highway near the Is- with the mostly unreformed Comraeli border, killing 15 people. munists, a once unthinkable apA Civil Defense statement proach in the former Soviet bloc says 14 pilgrims and the driver country. were killed in the Saturday acThe Social Democrats enjoy cident, while 32 Palestinians a commanding lead in opinion were injured. The statement says polls and are on target to win a the pilgrims were passing parliamentary election in midthrough Jordan on their way 2014. That would extend a recent back to the West Bank from trend in former communist CenMuslim holy shrines in the cit- tral and Eastern Europe, where ies of Mecca and Medina in frustration with austerity has neighboring Saudi Arabia.—AP pushed several governments from

“This constitution is a symbol of transformation and is a loud announcement of the advent of a new dispensation. I will vote yes,” Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai said in a statement on the eve of the referendum. Former opposition chief Tsvangirai went into government with Mugabe after a violent and disputed vote in 2008. He made the referendum on the new constitution a condition of the power-sharing deal and said there would be no point in holding new elections without it. Both parties back the constitution, making Saturday’s vote almost a rubber stamp exercise. Turnout is expected to be low. In Mbare, the oldest township in the capital that has witnessed clashes between supporters of Mugabe’s ZANU-PF and Tsvangirai’s Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in the past, more than 100 people filed patiently into a polling station. —Reuters

Czech left’s leader urges end to ‘deadly cuts spiral’

15 killed in Palestine bus crash

power. Sobotka said that with unemployment at a record high above 10 percent, according to analysts’ estimates, creating jobs was just as important as controlling the budget deficit. “The deficit is not an idol; a government must also take care of employment and living standards,” he told a two-day party congress ending on Saturday. But it has lost popular support because of a series of sales and income tax hikes, and is limping into its final year of rule with its once-record parliamentary majority now transformed into a minority after a junior coalition party broke up. The economy probably started 2013 with a seventh straight quarter of either contraction or stagnation, according to independent analysts. —Reuters

Irfan, Misbah guide Pak to series-levelling win C ENTURION —Pakistan fast derstorm struck the ground tional half-century.

Robin Peterson made 44 and helped Behardien put on 67 for the seventh wicket before Behardien was caught on the midwicket boundary one ball before the stoppage. “It was a very disappointing performance,” said South Africa captain AB de Villiers. “Pakistan took the initiative early on and although there was a good fightback, we (batsmen) put our bowlers under pressure.”Irfan, the tallest player in international cricket, gained steep bounce as he ripped through the South African top order. He dismissed Hashim Amla and Colin Ingram off successive balls in the fifth over and followed up with the wickets of de Villiers and Faf du Plessis. After Irfan had made his inroads, slow bowlers Saeed Ajmal, Mohammad Hafeez and Shahid Afridi kept the pressure on. Ajmal took two for 23 and Hafeez two for 35, while Afridi conceded only 24 runs in eight overs. Pakistan had a brief wobble when they slipped to 69 for three in the 15th over, with Hafeez and Kamran Akmal falling in successive overs. But Misbah and Younis Khan, the side’s most experienced players, steadied the innings with a fourth wicket partnership of 46 off 67 balls. Shoaib Malik joined Misbah and they added an unbeaten 77 off 82 deliveries, with Malik contributing an aggressive 35 not out off 75 balls. Misbah’s 57 runs were CENTURION: Misbah-ul-Haq goes for the big hit during made off 75 balls with three fours and three sixes.—AFP his half-century against South Africa in 2nd ODI.

bowler Mohammad Irfan took four wickets in a devastating opening spell to set up a six-wicket win in the second one-day international against South Africa on Friday. Tall left-armer Irfan took a career-best four for 33 in seven overs as South Africa were bowled out for 191 in a match reduced to 44 overs a

side. Pakistan achieved victory with 4.4 overs to spare, captain Misbah-ul-Haq anchoring his side’s chase, making 57 not out. The win levelled the fivematch series at 1-1 after South Africa had cruised to a 125-run win in Bloemfontein last weekend with the third game to be played in Johannesburg on Sunday. Misbah said Irfan’s bowling had been the key to the win on a pitch with some damp spots which caused uneven pace and bounce. “We really needed this win. The batsmen are getting their confidence back,”said Misbah. South Africa crashed to 62 for five under Irfan’s onslaught but recovered to reach 177 for seven after 38.4 overs when a violent thun-

and caused a stoppage of almost two-and-a-half hours. South Africa failed to see out the revised quota of 44 overs, losing their last three wickets for 12 runs to be bowled out with four balls to spare. Farhaan Behardien led the South African fightback, making a measured 58 off 82 balls for his maiden interna-

Pakistan has threatened to pull out of the FIH Junior World Cup to be held in India later this year, a day after the Indian government has cancelled the proposed bilateral series between the two nations. “We may pull out of the Junior WC to be held in India in December. Enough is enough and we can’t take this anymore,” Pakistan Hockey Federation general secretary Asif Bajwa said. “This is happening again and again. First they send our players back without event giving them a chance to play in a single match in the Hockey India League and now this,” he told PTI Bhasha from Lahore. The FIH Junior World Cup will be held here at the Major Dhyan Chand Stadium from December 6-15 this year. Bajwa’s comments

Pakistan to face India for fifth spot after Korea draw

Jalal elected Taekwondo Association Patron

I POH —Three-time Azlan ner in the 16th minute but in a cross from the left in the RAWALPINDI—Chief of Army Shah Cup winners Pakistan Nam Hyun Woo also failed 47th minute.


Gen Kayani inaugurates annual sports day for war wounded soldiers

Staff (COAS), General Ashfaq Parvez Kiyani on Saturday visited Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine (AFIRM) Rawalpindi and inaugurated the 3rd Annual Sports Day organized for officers and soldiers wounded in operations, at a specially designed sports centre here within the institution. Amidst moving scenes during the conduct of various sports events for these war wounded heroes, he appreciated their courage and determination which has helped them integrate in the society as useful citizens once again. There can’t be a sacrifice for the motherland more than losing one’s life or precious limbs, said an ISPR press release. During his visit to AFIRM, the COAS also appreciated the standard of facilities and care Junaid Khan ......... 6-0-29-2 extended to the inmates by a South Africa innings: Amla c Kamran b Irfan . 17 Saeed Ajmal ...... 8.2-0-23-2 team of dedicated doctors and Smith c Kamran Akmal Umar Gul ............... 5-0-37-0 paramedical staff of AFIRM and b Junaid Khan ............... 10 Shahid Afridi ........ 8-0-24-0 praised their efforts in helping Ingram c Kamran Akmal Hafeez ................... 9-0-35-2 all military personnel wounded b Irfan ............................... 0 Pakistan innings: in various operations rehabiliVilliers c Younis Khan Nasir Jamshed c Smith b tate. b Irfan ............................... 4 McLaren ......................... 10 With a concerted efforts at Plessis c & b Irfan ......... 17 Hafeez c Abbott b Steyn31 the Army level, AFIRM has Akmal transformed into a premier reF Behardien c Shoaib Kamran Malik b Hafeez ............... 58 b Peterson ...................... 18 habilitative medicine institute R McLaren lbw b Hafeez17 Younis Khan c Amla with all sub specialities availRJ Peterson c Jamshed b b Peterson ...................... 32 able under one roof. Saeed .............................. 44 Misbah not out ............. 57 KJ Abbott c Shahid Afridi b Shoaib Malik not out .... 35 Saeed Ajmal ..................... 5 Extras: (lb 3, w 6) ............. 9 DW Steyn b Junaid Khan0 Total: (4 wickets) ......... 192 Tsotsobe not out ............ 0 Fall of wickets: 1-29, 2-63, 3Extras: (lb 10, w 9) ......... 19 69, 4-115 Total: (all out) .............. 191 Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W Fall of wickets 1-26, 2-26, 3- DW Steyn ............ 9-1-29-1 WELLINGTON—A six-wicket 35, 4-43, 5-62, 6-106, 7-173, LL Tsotsobe ......... 6-1-37-0 haul by England paceman Abbott ............... 8.2-0-31-0 Stuart Broad left New Zealand 8-179, 9-191, 10-191 Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W R McLaren ........... 8-0-40-1 fighting for survival as they Irfan ....................... 7-0-33-4 RJ Peterson .......... 8-0-52-2 were forced to follow on in the second Test at Wellington’s Basin Reserve on Saturday. At stumps, with two days remaining, New Zealand were 77 for one in their second innings, requiring a further 134 runs to make England bat again as they struggle to keep the series all square. After the early loss of Hamish Rutherford, Peter Fulton (41 not out) and Kane came after the simmering Afzal Guru’s execution Williamson (16 not out) nepolitical tensions between and the recent ‘fidayeen’ gotiated the rest of the final India and Pakistan has attack on a CRPF camp in session. Earlier, Broad deprompted the Indian gov- Srinagar that left 5 CRPF stroyed New Zealand’s first ernment to call off the up- personnel dead. innings with six for 51, his coming bilateral hockey Bajwa also said that seventh five-wicket haul in 54 Pakistan will no longer Tests, as New Zealand coltake any initiative for the lapsed to 254 all out in reply resumption of Indo-Pak to England’s first innings 465. hockey ties after the reThe home side started the cent episode. “Whatever we could do we have already done. We have done enough England 1st innings: 4 6 5 for the resumption of New Zealand 1st innings: hockey between the two Fulton b Anderson ......... 1 nations. Rutherford c Cook Now India will have b Broad ........................... 23 to take the initiative,” he Williamson c & b Broad 42 said. Asked about the fuTaylor b Broad ................. 0 series between the two ture of this much-anticiBrownlie lbw b Anderson18 countries. pated series, Bajwa said, McCullum c Trott b Finn 69 Pakistan was scheduled “It is upto India now. We Watling c Prior b Broad 60 to tour India in mid-April were ready to send our Southee c Broad b Finn . 3 for five hockey Tests, fol- team first but now if such Martin not out ............... 21 lowed by a return visit by bilateral series takes N Wagner c Prior b Broad 0 India. place in future, the Indian Boult c Prior b Broad ...... 2 But the Ministry of Ex- team will have to visit PaExtras: (lb 10, w 2, nb 3) 15 ternal Affairs has refused kistan first. “It was a Total: (all out) .............. 254 to give the green signal to golden chance to reduce Fall of wickets 1-6, 2-48, 3the planned series, after tensions between the two 48, 4-85, 5-89, 6-189, 7-197, the Pakistan Parliament countries but India has 8-239, 9-252, 10-254 passed a resolution against closed the doors.”—INP Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W

Angry Pakistan threatens to pull out Junior Hockey WC N E W D E L H I —A miffed

RAWALPINDI: General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, Chief of Army Staff with war wounded officers and soldiers who participated in different events of 3rd Annual Sports Day held at Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicines.

ended their campaign in Malaysia with a 2-2 draw against Korea, a result which meant that they missed out on the bronze medal playoff on goal difference. Pakistan and Korea were tied on 4 points each before the match started and a win for either side would have assured them of a place in the 3/4th placing playoff. The point thus puts Korea in fourth position. The Greenshirts, who put on much-improved performances in their last two games after being hammered by Australia and India, were once again in control of the match for a big part of the game but sloppy defending and poor finishing once again allowed their opposition to comeback. Both teams started cautiously but as the match progressed Pakistan held majority of the possession and controlled the ball, threatening the Korean goal repeatedly. Pakistan forced a penalty corner in the 10th minute but Mohammad Imran’s attempt hit a defenders foot. From the ensuing penalty corner, Mohammad Irfan sent his attempt wide. Korea won a penalty cor-

to get his shot on target. From the counter attack Pakistan finally struck to take the lead in the 17th minute through Salman Hussain who was set up by Abdul Haseem Khan who broke through the left and sent in a teasing reverse stick cross that eluded the entire Korean defence. In response, Korea started the second half strongly and forced two penalty corners, in the 37th and 39th minutes. Off the second penalty corner, Hyun Hye Sung sent in a drag flick into the roof of the net, giving Pakistani keeper Imran Butt no chance at all and Korea were on level terms. Pakistan remained undeterred and hit back through Haseem Khan, who deflected

An own goal by Mohammad Irfan in the 53rd minute levelled the game but Pakistan had the opportunity to finish on top. Shafqat Rasool, however, made a mess of an easy chance in the 59th minute. “It has been a humiliating campaign for Pakistan,” former Olympian S h a h n a z Sheikh told PPI. “Pakistan were been defeated by lowly-ranked India and the Greenshirts will now have to fight for a fifth place in spite of the fact that it went into the tournament seeded number two. Pakistan should have qualified for the final.” Shahnaz added that the team’s performance in the tournament brought into limelight all the wrong policies the federation had been following.—AFP

I SLAMABAD —Elections of the Islamabad Taekwondo Association were held on Saturday. A committee formed by Pakistan Taekwondo Federation conducted the elections which comprised Mr Hanif, Mr Talha and Mr Ilyas khan Affridi. Elected office bearers were Patron Jalal Hyder Khan, President Princess Malika Aziz, Senior Vice President Iftikhar Butt, Finance Secretary Shahid Ayub, Associate Secretary Waseem Raza and Sarfaraz Ahmed, Associate secretary Female Nimra Jalal, Media Coordination Kamran Siddiqui, joint secretary Irfan Majeed, Vice presidents Beenish, Qasim, Naqash Babar, Mian Asghar, PRO Muneer Hussain Butt and Executive committee members are Farooq Aslam, wajid Zeb , Yaya Khan, Atif Sadozai, Syed Saleem Haider, Nasir, M Azeem, Ahmed Raza, Ibrar Hussain and Sonia. Sohail Tipu has been appointed as Legal advisor of Islamabad Taekwondo Association.

New Zealand follow on after Broad’s six

third day precariously poised at 66-3 and after overnight batsmen Kane Williamson (42) and Dean Brownlie (18) departed Brendon McCullum and BJ Watling put on 100 for the sixth wicket. As the last recognised batsmen, New Zealand needed the pair to remain in the middle as long as possible IPOH: Pakistan’s young forward Abdul Haseem Khan had a great game against Korea, but both foundered in the 60s, providing one assist and scoring a crucial goal in the 47th minute. opening up the tail. The only other sign of resistance for the Black Caps came from Bruce Martin, in only his second Test, who finished unbeaten on 21 after producing figures of 4-130 in England’s first innings. McCullum was able to keep Broad out but was undone by Steven Finn, edging the ball to the slips where Jonathan Trott made no mistake after earlier dropping here”, the father added. keep him under the watchBIPIN DANI Watling.—AFP “We are all happy with ful eyes of coaches like OBSERVER his performance today. It is Tariq Sinha and Madan CORRESPONDENT a special momemts for all of Sharma at Sonnet Clun and MUMBAI—No members of us. Not only because of his he registered first century at Anderson ........... 25-6-68-2 Shikhar Dhawan family were Test appearance ton but the age of 12. He won Man ST Finn ............... 20-2-72-2 present at Punjab Cricket Team India’s strong position of the Series in Under-19 Broad ............... 17.2-2-51-6 Association Stadium in after my son’s very aggres- World Cup in Dhaka and Panesar ............. 26-11-47-0 Mohali on Saturday to wit- sive batting. I am aware he since then we were sure Root ........................ 1-0-6-0 ness his dream-debut Test would have been out with- about him playing in the out fascing the ball in this national team”. New Zealand 2nd innings against Australia. “We are thankful to In(following on) “It was his first Test match, but after all, he is a PG Fulton not out ......... 41 match and we didn’t want lucky to survive. We want dia captain Mahendra HD Rutherford c Bell him to play under pressure”, him to score not only a Singh Dhoni and selectors b Panesar ........................ 15 his father Mahendra Pal double hundred on Sunday, for giving him a chance and Williamson not out ....... 16 Dhawan said exclusively but also India to win the Test he has proved them right”, Extras: (w 5) ...................... 5 from his Delhi residence match with big margin and the happy father added. Shikhar’s two sisters-elder Total: (1 wicket) ............. 77 minutes after the first day’s thus series”. Shikhar Dhawan’s father Shreshtha (married) and Fall of wickets: 1-25 play. Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W “Shikhar’s wife and two deals in plastic manufactur- younger (Sisity, now studyJM Anderson ....... 5-1-15-0 children are in Australia. ing items. “My son had no ing in USA) and mother, SCJ Broad ............. 7-3-14-0 (Shikhar married to a di- interest in family business. Sunayna are certain to be ST Finn ................. 7-1-30-0 vorced Aesha Mukherjee in He wanted to be the cricketer. proud of Shikhar’s perforMS Panesar ........ 12-8-13-1 last October). We all Former India umpire Ram mance. All are hoping for his Trott ........................ 2-0-5-0 watched the match on TV Babu Gupta suggested us to double ton tomorrow.

Shikhar Dhawan misses wife and parents on his dream-day appearance in debut Test

Spanking kids can cause long-term harm


PANKING children can cause long-term developmental damage and may even lower a child’s IQ, according to a new Canadian analysis that seeks to shift the ethical debate over corporal punishment into the medical sphere. The study, published this week in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, reached its conclusion after examining 20 years of published research on the issue, CNN Reported. The authors say the medical finding have been largely overlooked and overshadowed by concerns that parents should have the right to determine how their children are disciplined. While spanking is not as widespread as it was 20 years ago, many still cling to the practice and see prohibiting spanking as limiting the rights of parents. That point of view highlights the difficulty in changing hearts and minds on the issue, despite a mountain of accumulated evidence showing the damage physical punishment can have on a child, says Joan Durant, a professor at University of Manitoba and one of the authors of the study. “We’re really past the point of calling this a controversy. That’s a word that’s used and I don’t know why, because in the research there really is no controversy,” she said in an interview. “If we had this level of consistency in findings in any other area of health, we would be acting on it. We’d be pulling out all the stops to work on the issue.” Durant and co-author Ron Ensom, with the

Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario in Ottawa, cite research showing that physical punishment makes children more aggressive and antisocial, and can cause cognitive impairment and developmental difficulties. Recent studies suggest it may reduce the brain’s grey matter in areas relevant to intelligence testing. “What people have realized is that physical punishment doesn’t only predict aggression consistently, it also predicts internalizing kinds of difficulties,like depression and substance use,” said Durant. “There are no studies that show any long-term positive outcomes from physical punishment.” While banned in 32 countries, corporal punishment of children retains at least partial social acceptance in much of the world. Debates on the issue typically revolve around the ethics of using violence to enforce discipline. With the study, Durant hopes parents will start to look at the issue from a medical perspective. “What we’re hoping is that physicians will take that message and do more to counsel parents around this and to help them understand that physical punishment isn’t getting them where they want to go,” she said. She also hopes that countries that allow the practice—including Canada -will take another look at their child protection laws. Canada is one of more than 190 countries to have ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, a 1989 treaty that sets out protections for children.

KARACHI: Security officials cordon off the area during targeted operation at Tesser Town.

ATC stops new prosecutor from working in Shahzeb murder case K ARACHI — Anti-Terrorism

Court (ATC) on Saturday stopped the new prosecutor from representing in the Shahzeb murder case. During case proceeding, special public prosecutor submitted a written explanation over his removal and informed court that Law Department’s Manzoor Gopang had stopped him from representing the case. Plaintiff’s lawyer Faisal Siddiqui objected to the change of prosecutor, saying that the case has entered into a crucial stage where it could prove to be harmful. Later, the case hearing was adjourned till Monday after plaintiff s lawyer expressed reservations over new prosecutor. Earlier, the government had replaced the special public prosecutor with a man who belonged to the native town of the main accused’s father, Sikander Jatoi. Special Public Prosecutor Shahid Arain was asked to leave the charge forthwith. Mr Arain KARACHI: A view of fire in cotton godown in Korangi Industrial Area.—PO photo had been directed to hand over by Sultan Chaki all files and records to the newly appointed prosecutor Muzaffar Solangi. The IO said that prosecutor’s link to the accused and his access to sensitive record could undermine the trial.—INP

Civil society expresses solidarity with OPP team STAFF REPORTER

KARACHI — The representatives of leading civil society organisations of Karachi on Saturday visited the Orangi Pilot Project (OPP) office in Qasba Colony area to express solidarity with the staff and management team on the assassination of their senior colleague Ms. Parveen Rehman on Thursday. Prominent among them included Karamat Ali, Executive Director of Pakistan Institute of Labour Education and Research (PILER); Dr Kaiser Bengali, senior economist; Justice (Retd.) Majida Rizvi, Chairperson of Panah Trust; Anis Haroon of Women Action

Forum; Zahid Farooque of Urban Resource Centre; Mir Zulfiqar Ali of NOW Communities; Advocate Rubina Jumani of Aurat Foundation; Prof. Dr Riaz of Karachi University. In his remarks, Anwar Rashid OPP Director expressed thanks to the civil society of Karachi for their support and said today a joint meeting of the OPP staff was held and it has been decided that we would work with a great zeal to fulfill all the unfinished agenda of late Parveen Rahman. “This is the way of our protest that we would work four times more than we were doing in her life,” he added. He said OPP

has been serving for oppressed and downtrodden people of Karachi as well other parts of the country. The civil organisations’ representatives offered their full support to the entire team of OPP and it was decided to hold a big condolence reference in the premises of OPP office and community people would also be invited. The civil society representatives also visited various sections of OPP and a senior member Abdul Waheed Khan briefed them about various functions of the organisation. The visitors also imprinted their sentiments in the impressions book placed at the entrance of the OPP office.

Doctors not paid salary for five months

Privileges bill last nail in rulers coffin: Rahu IRFAN ALIGI KARACHI—Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PMLN) Sindh chapter media coordinator said that the government had failed to deliver to the masses. The poor was deprived of necessities of life and was compelled to sell out his children and body organs. Hundreds of citizens had committed suicide due to hunger. However, the government had passed a ‘Historical’ Bill that allowed the lawmakers to make hay while the Sun shines. He said that the corruption had been beyond limits during the tenure of the government and despite dual public holidays (Saturday-Sunday), banks were

asked to remain open so that the lawmakers, Ministers and advisors could draw cash from banks before the termination of tenure of the government. He said that the elected assembly could not pass a Bill for ‘Roti-Kapra aur Makaan’ for the jobless and homeless poor but the train of Ministers and members of the provincial assembly were awarded with extra high financial benefits, which were a slam on the face of the democracy because the democracy was for the service to the poor. He was talking to workers of PMLN Sindh at his residence Saturday. Ali Ahmed, Muhammad Hussain, Arbaz Khan, Jan Muhammad, Allah

Dino, Makhdoom Mustafa, Ayaz Muheri, Zulfiqar Ali Sanghi, Imdad Jatoi and Dilawar Khan were present. He said that the elected assembly had passed 7 Bills in a day of which the opposition bench had only opposed all Bills except one that pertained to perks and privileges of the Ministers, advisors, special assistants and MPAs, Speaker, Deputy Speaker and Chief Minister. He said that the passing of the Bill for perks and privileges would prove a last nail in the coffin of the political parties that ruled the country as coalition partners for five years because the masses would not vote for them in upcoming elections.

Governor for immediate shifting of truck stand to Northern By-pass STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Sindh Governor Dr Ishrat Ul Ebad Khan had asked to shift the truck stand from Hawks Bay to out of the city as the government had already allotted land for the truck stand on Northern By-pass. The Governor said this while talking to an 11-member delegation of United Goods

Transporters that called on the Governor at Sindh Governor House Saturday. Ghulam Yaseen Khan led the delegation. Principal Secretary to the Governor Prof. Naushad Shaikh, Karachi Commissioner Syed Hashim Raza Zaidi and other high-ranked officials were present. The Governor while directing the officials concerned for

the shifting of the truck stand said that the security measures along with modern communication network, digital video surveillance system and establishment of Rangers and Police Kiosks should be ensured. The Governor said that the recommendations already submitted by the transporters were approved and should be implemented in letter and spirit.


paramedical staff of Jinnah hospital not received salaries for the last five months. President Karachi, Pakistan Islamic Medical Association (PIMA) Dr. Salman Ghouri has demanded immediate release of salaries to the doctors, HOs, and GPs of Jinnah Hospital, as they have not been paid their salaries for the last five months. Yet the doctors are working tirelessly for the sake of poor patients. He also urged the government to take notice of shortage of medicines at the hospital which culminated by dint of the stay order taken by the director of Jinnah Hospital. While chairing a meeting of PIMA, Dr. Salman Ghouri said Jinnah Hospital is a main source of healthcare to poor patients who come here from across the country, so any disturbance including shortage of medicines and frozen salaries of the doctors would ultimately affect the treatment to patients. He urged the government to take notice and resolve the issue of salaries on immediate basis so that relief could be provided to doctors as well as patients. He said doctors are also part of the society and salary is their economic right, so any action to violate their right is not in the KARACHI: Rangers vanmet an accident with truck at Maripur Road.–PO photo by favor of patients as well Jinnah Sultan Chaki Hospital.

Joint Services Mock Anti-Terror exercise held STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—In continuation of the Joint Counter Terrorism exercises, another Joint Services Mock Anti Terror exercise was held at Shahra-e Faisal Saturday. Troops from Army, Navy, Pakistan Air Force and Rangers participated; they were aided by Sindh Police, Karachi Metropolitan Corporation Fire Brigade and Ambulance Service. These exercises are aimed at checking the readiness and joint coordination mechanism devised to thwart any threat posed by the menace of terror. Highly trained Army Troops of Army Light Commando Battalion, Navy Marines and PAF security personnel showed exceptional agility and swift response to take on the simulated threat while troops from Rangers and Police secured the area. Helicopters were also used to airlift the causalities and hostages in this mock up drill. Fire tenders also assisted in containing the simulated damage. The exercise was observed by senior military officials from all services involved.

Two women among five killed in city KARACHI: Madame & Consul General of France Christian Ramage, I.G. Prisons Nusrat Mangan & President Alliance Française snapped at an exposition of paintings & drawings by the Central Jail Inmates at French Cultural Center.—PO Photo Sultan Chaki

Global Compact Network Pakistan seminar on March 21 KARACHI—The Global Com- President pact Network Pakistan in collaboration with Employers’ Federation of Pakistan is organizing a Private Sector/ Stakeholders Consultation meeting on Post -2015 Development Agenda on March 21 at 4:30 p.m. at local hotel, Karachi. Pervez Ghias, CEO Indus Motor Company, Ghazi Salahuddin, Media Icon, Sohail P. Ahmed, Vice Chairman House of Habib, Dr. Abdul Wahab, President MAJU, Dr. Mustaghisur Rehman of SZABIST, Ahsanullah Khan,

GCNP, K.M. Nauman, President EFP, Shouket Ali, President APTUC, Nazar Ali, Director Manpower Sindh and Mirza Raza Ali, Council Chairman, Lions Clubs International will be among the prominent speakers on the occasion. Pakistan has been on target on 8, off track on 25 targets and no progress on the remaining 8, according to the information submitted to the Special Committee of the National Assembly in February 2013. As a stakeholder, the

UNGC is holding a Private Sector Leader’s Round Table for developing Post 2015 Developing Agenda and input has been sought from the Private Sector in Pakistan for consideration in this Round Table. The purpose of this event is to consult the private sector stakeholders particularly the UNGC member organizations for their input on Post 2015 Development Agenda in terms of Pakistan’s perspective and prepare our recommendation for the forthcoming Round Table.—NNI

KARACHI—At least five persons were killed and several others injured in a road accident and violent incidents in different localities of the metropolis on Saturday. According to police, unknown armed motorcyclists gunned down a man in Saeedabad area of Baldia Town and fled the scene. The body was shifted to hospital for postmortem. Near Garden Zoo, a man was shot at and killed on the spot by unidentified miscreants. In Shershah area three people including two women died and four children injured in collision between a double cabin jeep and truck. The deceased and injured belonged to same family. Meanwhile, firing incidents were reported from different areas of Karachi during which eight persons were injured. The injured were shifted to various hospitals of concerned areas.—INP

Artificial pancreas - FDA provides options for designs and studies


DRAFT guidance to help artificial pancreas researchers and makers as they create and submit their devices for FDA approval has been issued by the Agency. Artificial pancreases are currently being designed and created for the treatment of diabetes type 1. The draft guidance provides flexible recommendations for the design and testing of devices so that they can still meet regulatory requirements for efficacy and safety. An example is a flexible choice of study endpoints, how many patients can be involved in the study, and how long the clinical trial can be. Jeffrey Shuren, M.D., director of the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health, said: “The FDA is focused on improving the process for the study and approval of artificial pancreas systems, and developed this guidance to provide maximum flexibility to manufacturers seeking to bring this device to U.S. patients. We understand how this device could change the lives of millions of Americans with diabetes, and we want our safety and effectiveness review to give patients the confidence that the device works.” Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease - the patient’s body has attacked and destroyed his/her own beta cells in the pancreas (beta cells produce insulin). An individual with diabetes type 1 cannot produce insulin. This type of diabetes starts when the patient is young, under the age of 40 years. 15% of all diabetes cases of are this type, the rest are type two.

A person with type 1 diabetes cannot survive without regularly taking exogenous insulin. In some cases, a pancreas transplant can restore their own insulin production. Type 1 diabetes is not preventable; it is not the result of lifestyle, which is usually the case with type 2 diabetes. You cannot reverse diabetes type 1 with a change in lifestyle. Diabetes type 1 patients have to monitor their blood sugar levels throughout the day using a glucose meter. They have to calculate how much insulin they need each time in order to bring their blood glucose levels down to normal. The insulin is administered using a syringe or insulin pump into subcutaneous tissue.The two devices work together. They monitor the patient’s glucose levels and automatically pump just the right doses of insulin, which is calculated by a computer algorithm. An artificial pancreas is not a cure for diabetes type 1. However, it can significantly reduce the incidence and severity or high or low blood sugar levels, leading to a better quality of life and a much lower risk of diabetes-related complications. In order to get a clinical study moving as quickly as possible to an outpatient setting, the guidance recommends a 3-phase human trial progression. The guidance also offers suggestions on how sponsors could “leverage existing safety and effectiveness data for components that may make up an artificial pancreas system, as well as data gathered from clinical studies conducted outside of the U.S.”

3-day Photo Exhibition OBSERVER REPORT L AHORE —A

three day Photo Exhibition on Agriculture, organized by the Lahore Photo Journalists Association in collaboration with the National Fertilizers Corporation (NFC), started at the Alhamra Art Gallery here today. NFC Chairman Rizwan Mumtaz Ali inaugurated the exhibition and took a round with Photo Journalists Association President Iqbal Chaudhry, Islamia College for Women Cooper Road Principal, large number of students and photo journalists. NFC Chairman Rizwan Mumtaz Ali while talking to media afterwards appreciated the efforts of the Photo Journalists Association for organizing the exhibition on important topic of Agriculture. He said every photo on display in the exhibition is speaking its own language as just one photo conveys a message which cannot be conveyed even by one thousand written words. He said after successfully holding the photo exhibition in Lahore, he would ask the organizers to arrange similar photo exhibitions on Agriculture in South Punjab as well as in entire Pakistan. He facilitated the participating photo journalists and said that he himself is a journalist also and fully realizes how much difficulties the journalists are facing in performing their professional duties. He said that as the NCF Chairman he would like that such exhibitions should continue to be organized quite frequently and the NFC will be ready to extend all possible cooperation in this regard.

Kidnap for ransom cases solved, four held

LAHORE: Chairman NDMA Major General Saeed Aleem during his professional visit to Emergency Services Academy.

Hamza: Islam stresses tolerance forbearance, respect to all STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Member National Assembly, Hamza Shahbaz Sharif has said that the houses of affectees of Badami Bagh incident will be reconstructed but we will also have to share their vows and besides rehabilitating Joseph Colony, the hearts of Christian community will also have to be revitalized as Allah Almighty and His Prophet (PBUH) has given the lesson of tolerance, forbearance, love and mutual respect. He said that there is a dire need to act upon this fundamental message of Islam. Hamza Shahbaz Sharif expressed these views while addressing a gathering in connection with “tolerance

day” at Badshahi Mosque. Ulema belonging to different schools of thought and leaders attended the gathering. Bishop Azad Marshal, Head Garanthi Gurdwara Janam Asthan Sardar Janam Singh, Khateeb Badshahi Mosque Maulana Abdul Khabeer Azad and Maulana Tahir Asharfi addressed on the occasion. Mian Marghoob MNA was also present. A large number of people belonging to various religions attended the gathering. Hamza Shahbaz Sharif said that Islam gives us lesson of love and brotherhood among human beings and respect to each others’ religions. He said that Islam prohibits the killing of innocent people on the basis of sect

and religion. He said that we should follow this basic lesson of our religion that killing of a person is like killing of the entire humanity. Hamza Shahbaz Sharif said that those played the heinous role at Badami Bagh tragedy will be taken to task and the grievances of Christian community will be redressed. He said that PML-N will restore the confidence of the Christian brethren by making their financial loss good particularly compensating those affectees whose daughters’ dowry has lost. He said that the atmosphere of tolerance, forbearance, peace and brotherhood will be promoted throughout the country including Lahore.

Tributes paid to Shahbaz Sharif STAFF REPORTER L AHORE—On behalf of the bureaucracy of the province, Chief Secretary Punjab Nasir Mahmood Khosa paid rich tributes to Chief Minister Punjab Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif on his vision for development, steps taken for welfare of the public and programs of progress and prosperity of the masses. The Chief Secretary said that under the leadership of Punjab Chief Minister, great successes have been achieved in the province and the Chief Minister has set example of hard work, commitment and honesty. He said that

the Chief Secretary, members of the cabinet and heads of the departments appreciated the services of Chief Minister by clapping. Later, the Chief Minister gave away cash prizes and commendatory certificates to the officers showing outstanding performance. Senior Advisor Sirdar Zufliqar Ali Khan Khosa presented resolution for paying rich tributes to the excellent services of the Chief Minister. Provincial Law Minister Rana Sanaullah Khan seconded the resolution after that the entire cabinet adopted resolution unanimously.

Badami Bagh tragedy

Shahbaz himself reviews rehabilitation pace SALIM AHMED LAHORE—Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that rehabilitation work of affected families of Joseph Colony Badami Bagh tragedy is continuing expeditiously on priority basis. He said construction work on fifty damaged houses have already been completed in the colony, while reconstruction of remaining houses would also be completed within 7 days. He said those elements who were involved in this tragedy would be strongly dealt with, along with ensuring relief and rehabilitation activities of the affectees, for which all concerned departments have been fully activated. The Chief Minister was presiding over a high-level meeting to review pace of rehabilitation work of the affectees of Badami Bagh incident at Model Town Satur-

day. Senator Pervaiz Rashid, Senator Kamran Michael, Provincial Minister for Law Rana Sanaullah Khan, Advocate General Punjab, Members Assembly, Chief Secretary, Secretaries Home, Works & Communication and Prosecution, Inspector General Police Punjab, CCPO Lahore, DIG Investigation Lahore and other concerned authorities were present on the occasion. During the meeting, a detailed briefing was given regarding case of Badami Bagh incident and rehabilitation of affectees. Addressing the meeting, Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said Punjab government is fully cognizant of difficulties being faced by the affectees, therefore, the rehabilitation work is being completed on war-footing. He said restoration work of two churches of the colony has been completed, where beautiful tiles have also been installed. He said protection of

minorities is foremost duty of the government, which will be fulfilled at all cost. He said Punjab government is amicably and responsibly discharging its duties with regard to Badami Bagh tragedy. The Chief Minister said that those involved in this inhuman act would soon be arrested and no culprit would be spared, while all requirements of justice would be met. He warned that culprits involved in the tragedy would never escape from the grip of law, no matter how influential they are, and they would be awarded a deterrent punishment. Meanwhile, Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that, by declaring three big projects of Punjab government worth over Rs. 36 billion, as corruption free, the Transparency International Pakistan has given seal of approval to the transparent policy of Punjab government.

He said Transparency International Pakistan is an international institution, which has acknowledged transparency of three big projects of Punjab government, including metro bus project, Ujala programme and laptop scheme, which proves that these mega projects of Punjab government were hundred percent free from any corruption. He said all allegations by opponents were just their propaganda, but now they have become silent, as they have nothing further to say. He said declaration by Transparency International Pakistan that three big projects of Punjab government are completely transparent, is an honour, not for Punjab government alone, but for the people of Pakistan as well. He said it was a unique step in the history of the country when Punjab government itself invited the Transparency International to ascertain transparency of various projects by an international institution.

L AHORE —CIA Police have solved two kidnap for ransom cases and arrested four accused and recovered ransom amount Rs 2.5 million. Two accused kidnapped a student, Sher Khan of Gujranwala, from Chung and demanded Rs 5 million for his release. DIG Investigation constituted special police team under the supervision of SPCIA and In charge kidnap for ransom cell which started investigation. The accused killed the student Sher even after getting Rs 500,000 from his parents. L AHORE —Capital City PoSumaira was kidnapped lice Officer Muhammad by two other accused when Amlish on Saturday vowed she went to market with her that Lahore police would parents to purchase some have to work bravely and medicine at Ghari Shahue. courageously to eliminate They demanded Rs 400 terrorism and crimes from million to release her but, society. later, they decided to leave In a statement issued her after getting Rs 8 milhere, the CCPO urged citilion. They released her in zens to play its vital role in Baghbanpura area after remaking Lahore crime free city. ceiving ransom. During preliminary inter- LAHORE: Residents of Mohallah Sheikhabad holding a demonstration in support of He said that constable were our real power and every rogation, the accused con- their demands. possible steps would be fessed that they had used taken for their welfare. website for communication He said repairing and purpose. construction of police staThe accused were identitions would be completed on fied as Haseeb, Bilal Fateh a priority. Muhammad and Tajamal He appealed to citizens to Nawaz.—APP get registration their motorcycles and vehicles to avoid enabling to complete the con- harmonious relationship be- any difficulty.—APP STAFF REPORTER stitutional term of five years. tween the federation and the LAHORE—Former Prime Min- ‘PPP has paved the way for federating units. He said that the PPP demoister and Senior Vice President democratic transition through PPP, Syed Yosuf Raza Gilani, the forthcoming elections’, he cratic government gave idenL AHORE —Additional In- has said that PPP government’s added. He said that it was the tity to Khyber Pakhtoonkha spector General Punjab, landmark achievements of res- President Asef Ali Zardari who which had not only addressed Highway Patrol Malik Khuda toration of 1973 constitution, at- handed over his powers to the the political deprivation but Bakhsh Awan distributed re- tainment of Food Security and Parliament , strengthening the also buried the Pakhtoonistan wards among 12 police offi- provision of social security to continuity of democracy in the issue for all times to come. cials on their good perfor- the crores of people through country. ‘PPP has brought the He said that the governmance. Benazir Income Support political system in harmony ment under his watch gave He gave away awards in Programme have won the with the constitution and ide- Aghaz-iHaqooq-ia ceremony held here at Cen- hearts of the people which they ology of Pakistan which was Balochistan to mitigate the feeltral Police office on Satur- will pay back by bringing the mutilated by the successive ings of economic and political day. alienation of the Baloch people PPP into power once again. ‘It dictators’. He also briefed about will be a manifestation of He said that the National . ‘As a result of implementation over all performance of dis- people’s allegiance to PPP in- Finance Award was a singular of the package to the extent of trict Lahore, Bahawalpur and deed’. achievement of the PPP gov- 90%, major political parties are Rajanpur by their respective He said that it was due to ernment, increasing substan- willing to take part in the mainDSP’s Shazadi Gulfam, the reconciliation policy of the tially financial resources of the stream politics of the country, Mazhar Watto and Sohail PPP which enabled all political provinces from the ‘Divisive which is good for the province Mateen.—APP parties to share power thus Pool’. This Award will promote and the country.

Police officials Shahbaz Sharif has promoted tion of the province is very rewarded the culture of merit and trans- stable. During the speech of parency and did not target any political opponent rather action was taken against corrupt persons and corruption. He said that the Chief Minister through his best efforts won the war against flood and dengue. He said that the Chief Minister has restored the self respect of poor and metro bus project is its practical proof which has helped in bridging the gap between elite and poor. He said that Punjab has made exemplary development under the leadership of Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif and now the financial posi-

LAHORE: Students participating in flowers arrangement to celebrate Jashn-e-Baharan at Bagh-e-Jinnah.

Amlish vows to make Lahore crime free city

Gilani recounts achievements of PPP govt

e-Paper March 17, 2013  

e-Paper March 17, 2013