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PM chairs meeting, attended

by Kayani and ISI chief

Prevailing security situation reviewed STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif on Tuesday chaired a high-level meeting on the security situation prevailing in the country. The meeting reviewed the overall security situation in the country, says a statement issued

Images of Peshawar Church bombers prepared

Ashfaq Parvez Kayani and Director General of Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) Lt Gen Zaheerul Islam also attended the meeting. Sources say the prime minister’s upcoming trip to the United States and the process of peace talks with militants were also discussed during the highlevel session.

Mosque blast kills Afghan governor

PESHAWAR—The authorities concerned have prepared images of both the suicide bombers of Kohati Gate CEBU CITY: A resident walks past a building that collapsed in a 7.1 richter scale earthquake on Tuesday. Church attack in Peshawar. The images were prepared after surgery of the faces of both the attackers. Sources added the suicide bombers were foreigners QUETTA—Balochistan governincluding an Uzbek nament has given police power for tional.—Online CEBU—A powerful earthquake famed for its rolling “Chocolate worst-hit areas of Bohol where Continued on Page 7 killed at least 93 people on Tues- Hills”, while one other person roads were impassable and day as it tore down modern died on nearby Siquijor, which power was cut. Nevertheless, they exbuildings, destroyed historic attracts tourists with its pristine pressed relief the earthquake churches and triggered terrified white sands. “I was thrown to the ground occurred on a public holiday, stampedes across popular tourby the strength of the quake. meaning there were fewer ist islands in the Philippines. Fifteen of the confirmed fa- Broken glass rained on me,” people than normal in many of talities were in Cebu, the Elmo Alinsunorin, a guard for a the major buildings that suffered country’s second most important government tax office in Cebu, damage. The quake struck at 08:12 city and a gateway to some of told AFP. RIYADH—Millions of “I thought I was going to (0012 GMT) near Balilihan, a its most beautiful beaches, the Muslims in Saudi Arabia, town of about 18,000 people on national disaster agency re- die.” Europe and US celebrated Eid- ported. Authorities said the death Bohol, at a depth of 20 ul-Azha on Tuesday. The 7.1-magnitude quake toll could still climb, with au- kilometres (12 miles), the USGS Over 1,500 Eid prayers killed another 57 people in the thorities struggling to assess the reported. congregations were held in neighbouring island of Bohol, extent of the damage in the Continued on Page 7 Britain. The faithful also sacrificed animals after Eid Prayers. Eid-ul-Azha was also celebrated in Syria Tuesday. Syrians rushed to market to buy clothes as well as to ISLAMABAD—Eid ul Azha is bundle up for winter amid being be celebrated with solemContinued on Page 7 nity and religious fervor through ISLAMABAD—Prime Minister Najam Sethi and Chief Operat- out the country. The day would dawn with Muhammad Nawaz Sharif was ing Officer Subhan Ahmad will Fisherman killing made Patron-in-chief of Paki- be going to London for the ICC special Eid sermons where meeting and Amir issue is on the Ulema would stress for unity of stan Cricket Board. A five-member Adhoc com- top of their list of priorities.”. Muslim Ummah and prayers Sethi had also brought up would be held for the prospermittee has been constituted to elect new Chairman of the the Amir issue at the last ICC ity and well being of the counBoard. Najam Sethi‚ Haroonur board meeting after which the try. The largest Eid CongregaNEW DELHI—India sumRashid‚ Shehryar Khan‚ Naveed world body formed a special tion in the federal capital would moned Pakistan’s deputy Akram Cheema and Zaheer committee headed by Giles be held at Faisal Mosque. envoy and lodged a strong Clarke to look into the matter. In Rawalpindi, main biggest protest against the killing of an Abbas are members of the comEid Congregation to be held at mittee. Indian fisherman by Pakistani Continued on Page 7 Liaqat Bagh while in Lahore, PCB’s caretaker chairman marine troops, the Foreign biggest Eid Congregation be Ministry said on Tuesday. held at Badshahi Mosque. The Indian External Eid congregations would Affairs Ministry called also be held at Data Darbar, Pakistani Deputy High Masjid Shaudha, Masjid Wazir Commissioner Mansoor Khan and Bagh Jinnah. Ahmad Khan in the national Special prayers would be capital and conveyed to him offered for the independence of representing the devil. Continued on Page 7 MINA—Hundreds of thousands Palestine and Kashmir and susAlthough reduced in num- tainable peace in the region. of Muslims converged on the bers by half from last year’s 3.2 Mina valley in Saudi Arabia Ulema and khateebs from Tuesday to participate in a sym- million, the faithful transformed different schools of thought bolic stoning of the devil, the the Mina valley, just outside the The offices of Pakistan final stage of the Hajj pilgrim- Holy city of Makkah, into a vast would deliver special sermons and lectures to highlight the sigObserver will remain closed age. sea of tents. nificance of the day. today and tomorrow (October Some of the 1.5 million pilAs Muslims around the To celebrate Eid-ul-Azha, 16 and 17) on account of Eid- world celebrated the first day of grims performing this year’s ul Azha. Therefore, there will Eid al-Azha, the pilgrims, Hajj — 1.38 million of them Muslims sacrifice animals inbe no issue of Pakistan Ob- dressed in the Ihram, angrily arriving from 188 countries — cluding cow, goat, sheep and server on October 17 and 18. hurled stones at concrete pillars Continued on Page 7 Continued on Page 7

93 dead as quake hits Philippines tourist islands

Eidul Azha celebrated in Saudi Arabia, US, Europe

Eidul Azha today

Nawaz becomes PCB Chief Patron

Adhoc committee to elect new chairman

India summons Pak Dy envoy

Hajis stone devil in final ritual

Senate leaders nearing US debt deal, raise debt limit NASA paralysed by US shutdown WASHINGTON—Senate lead- agencies through mid-January, slice another $20 billion out of receive federal subsidies to ers said late Monday that they were closing in on a deal to raise the federal debt limit and end the two-week-old government shutdown, just days before the Treasury Department exhausts its ability to borrow. The emerging agreement would extend the Treasury Department’s borrowing authority until Feb. 7, reopen the government and fund federal

by the prime minister’s office, . The meeting was attended by Federal Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan, prime minister’s Adviser on National Security and Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz, and Special Assistant to prime minister Tariq Fatemi. Chief of Army Staff Gen

according to aides and lawmakers familiar with the negotiations. In the meantime, policymakers would launch a new round of talks over broader budget issues in hopes of developing a plan to replace deep automatic spending cuts known as the sequester before Jan. 15. That is when the next round of sequester cuts is scheduled to

agency budgets, primarily from the Pentagon. The framework under consideration includes only minor changes to President Obama’s signature health-care law, falling well short of defunding it or delaying major provisions as conservative Republicans initially sought. Instead, Republicans would get only new safeguards to ensure that people who

purchase health insurance under the law are eligible to receive them. But talks were hung up over another provision, aides and lawmakers said: a demand by Democrats to delay the law’s “belly button tax,” a levy on existing policies that is set to add $63 per covered person — including spouses and de-

Continued on Page 7

FC gets police powers

PUL-I-ALAM—The provincial when Jamal was delivering spokesman Din Mohammad governor of eastern Afghan province of Logar, Arsala Jamal, was killed and at least 18 other civilians were wounded Tuesday morning in a bomb attack in a provincial capital mosque on the first day of Eid-ul-Azha, officials said. The bomb placed inside the microphone was detonated

speech to the people after performing Eid-ul-Adha prayer. “Governor Arsala Jamal was reading out a message to the locals following the Eid al-Adah prayers. At that moment, an improvised explosive device (IED) planted under the tribune was detonated, killing Jamal at the scene,” provincial government

Darwish said. Eighteen people were injured in the incident which took place at around 8:45 a.m. local time in Pul-e-Alam, some 60 km south of national capital Kabul, he noted. The injured were shifted to a hospital where five of them

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45,840 tents distributed among Balochistan earthquake victims I SLAMABAD —As many as 45,840 tents have so far been distributed among the people of earthquake hit areas of Balochistan by various relief providing agencies, says the latest data released by National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). The organizations, which have distributed relief items, include PDMAs, NDMA, Army, Navy and civil society organisations (CSOs). As many as 27,935 blankets, 19,540 plastic mats, 23,200 mosquito nets, 41,690 mineral water bottles and 2008 miscellaneous items in-

cluding jerry cans, water tanks, water filtration plants and generators have so far been distributed among the quake hit people of Balochistan and Sindh. Meanwhile, the Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) have so far donated 3,500 tents, 12,286 ration packs, 15,530 mineral water bottles, 553 water tanks, 20 water filters, 85 pot sheets, 50 tons high energy biscuit cartons, 40 plastic sheets, 2,012 mosquito nets, 5,000 blankets, 65 biscuit cartons, 150 quilts, 10 water plastic sheet cartons, 50 CGI sheets, 1,000 jerry cans, 450 water coolers and 15 tons

milk. Some 12.079 ton medicine has been donated by China. Upto Sunday evening, a total of 15,899 patients have been treated in Awaran and 1709 in UC Dandar. A team of 28 doctors, 53 paramedics equipped with 34 ambulances is providing treatment to the quake hit people of Awaran. So far essential life saving drugs worth Rs 4,500,000, a Trauma Kit and eight tons medicines have been provided to the needy. In Masjkal, 18 doctors, 10 paramedics and 4 ambulances are engaged in providing medical treatment facilities to the deserving people.

In Dandar, six doctors, eight paramedics and four ambulances are providing quality medical services to the quake hit people. Meanwhile Director General, Provincial Disaster Management Authority, Commander (retd) Syed Sulaiman Shah has said that the people of Sindh are wholeheartedly supporting the earthquake victims of Balochistan, particularly those belonging to Awaran. Talking to journalist Tuesday after despatching relief goods donated by private Korean companies, he said the people of Sindh were not only making donations

for their brethren in Balochistan, but were also facilitating other donors in this regard. He said as per directives of Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah, PDMA was continuously engaged in relief work for the Awaran victims. Replying to a question, the PDMA DG said the relief goods donated by foreigners were handed over to the Deputy Commissioner Awaraan. Donations by Korean companies included 325 ration bags, 100 blankets,120,000 packets of bis- ATTOCK: A lady Motorway police officer distributing informative pamphlets among the cuits and other items of gen- motorists on Motorway Toll Plaza. eral use.—APP

Cleanliness on Eid ordered OUR CORRESPONDENT

Restoration of Dilip Kumar’s home hailed STAFF REPORTER

MANDI BAHAUDDIN—DCO Mandi Bahauddin Imtiaz Niazi has directed tehsil municipal administrations to ensure adequate cleanliness and security arrangements on the occasion of Eid ul Azha. Chairing a meeting at his office the other day he asked police and district administration officers to make coordinated action plan for security. He urged that all law enforcement agencies should work as a team to provide security to the people during celebration of Eid ul Azha. The meeting was attended by DPO, TMOs and ACs of Mandi, Phalia and Malikwal.

Bid to kill woman, man CHINIOT: A view of cattle market on the eve of Eid-ul-Azah.

Afghan refugees Lawyers celebrate bail granted to Musharraf in KP observes nal cases lying pending with He said according to meS G different courts were false and dia reports; Bugti was a rebel Eid-ul-Azha M B —The filed just to defame the former who was operating from a tunHER


P ESHAWAR —Afghan refugees in tribal areas and several districts of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa including parts of the provincial capital city here on Tuesday observed Eidu-ul-Azha. The Afghan refugees offered Eid-ul-Azha prayers at five open places in the city here and specially prayed for the security and safety of the country on this occasion. While Eid-ul-Azha prayers were also offered in Abbottabad, Mardan, Bannu and other districts of KPK besides Mohmand Agency, Khyber Agency.—INP



lawyers of Mandi Bahauddin celebrated the grant of bail to former president Gen (Retd Pervez Musharraf, at the district bar-room. Sweets were distributed to lawyers and litigants present on the courts premises. Speaking on the occasion, Independent Lawyers Group President Syed Munawwar Abid said truth could not be suppressed for a long time. The cases were registered against Mr Musharraf as part of political victimisation and keeping him away from the general elections. He said that all the crimi-

president. “In Lal Masjid case, religious clerics Aziz and Gazi Rasheed had challenged the writ of the state. They were fully armed with modern weapons and had started killing and kidnapping people. Police and judiciary were helpless to initiate any proceeding against them. The clerics used female students as shield against the law-enforcing agencies when they went for action,” he added. The lawyers’ leader said that also in Akbar Bhugti case, Gen (r) Musharraf could not be accused of playing any role.

nel where he died due to his own act. He said that the involvement of the retired general in the judges’ detention case was also based on mala fide intention. He said that the criminal cases were based on falsehood and hoped that Musharraf would be acquitted honorably. He appreciated the order of the superior judiciary for granting bail after thorough consideration of the facts. Talking about opinion of the general public, he said now the people had fed up with the present rulers for their cruel and anti-people policies.

P ESHAWAR —Pakistani cultural activists have supported the announcement made recently by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government that the birthplace of the cinema legend Dilip Kumar would be conserved soon and turned into a museum. Expressing satisfaction at the announcement, the writers and cultural activists, including Salahuddin, Mohammad Ibrahim Zia, Ali Awais and others said Peshawar had produced legends who excelled in respective fields. They said Peshawarites were proud of Dilip Kumar as he is the greatest thespian Peshawar has ever produced, a media report said. They hoped the provincial government, led by the Pa-

kistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, would go beyond announcements and take practical steps to conserve the birthplace of the acting legend without wasting any time. Arif Yusaf, a legislator of Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf and the provincial parliamentary secretary for culture, visited the Indian actor ’s home at Mohallah Khudadad in the historic old quarters of Peshawar last week. The visit was arranged by the Cultural Heritage Council (CHC), a heritage organisation that has been pushing for the preservation of the homes of Bollywood stars in Peshawar. Yusaf sought technical proposals from CHC with ways and means to preserve the building. He

also sought CHC’s help to identify ways to give the building the status of a “protected national monument” under relevant laws. The lawmaker said he had made the visit to see for himself the state of the building. He said he felt reassured because the building was intact from a structural engineering point of view. With minor conservation work, it could be restored and turned into a living museum dedicated to all cinema artistes who originally belonged to Peshawar, Yusaf said. He acknowledged Dilip Kumar was a son of the soil and Peshawar was proud of the hero. The homes of Raj Kapoor and Dilip Kumar in the city deserve to be conserved, he added.

LARKANA —Police on Tuesday foiled an attempt of Karo Kari to kill a couple on charge of illicit relations in the limit of Moan Jodro police station. According to police sources, some people of village Binry Saria held a jarga convicting Rabian, mother of four children and a man Ihsan for adultery, announced death sentence for them. The jarga decided to kill both the accused following the jirga decision, however police got the information of the incident and reached the spot, rescued both of them. The people of jirga managed to flee from the scene on seeing the police. Talking to media persons the accused woman denied the charges and said that her husband was working in Saudi Arab and her husband’s brother has leveled baseless HYDERABAD: Workers of CMO, Qasimabad removing the encroachments from the allegation on her.—INP premises of Central Eidgah, as preparations for Eid-ul-Azah prayer, are underway.

Equal educational opportunities for women needed Dr Sadia Shaukat analyses situation Interview



R Sadia Shaukat teaches at University of Education, Township Lahore. She has earned best teacher award by HEC. She was awarded Anita Ghulam Ali award in the recognition of her service for environmental awareness and education. She says gender inequality inhibits women’s access to opportunities to improve their life style and enhance basic capabilities such as education, health and skills. In an exclusive interview with Pakistan Observer (PO), Dr Sadia Shaukat (SS) said that gender discrimination was a common phenomenon. “It prevails all over the world. It is a cultural issue, we cannot say it only exists here. In fact it can be seen everywhere. Following are Questions and Answers:PO: What is the reason of gender discrimination at higher education level? SS: We are living in a male dominant society where females are preferred to stay at

home and take care the domestic responsibilities. Males are assumed to run families and productive source of family. This issue is more prominent in higher education; Female inequality in Pakistani higher education is a consequence of persistent discrimination prevailing through the education system from an early age. PO: Do you think about missing females’ role in higher leadership? SS: There is a need to provide equal opportunities to women for employment and professional development, females should be encouraged to take part in decision making which is more male oriented element. But this situation is getting change and now we can see females in social activities although their ratio is low but this is an encouraging step. PO: Females are considered less competent than males? SS: No, I do not believe that females are less competent. Females have their status in our society: they have respect and regard. But we

are in a conflict, we are riding in two boats, we want to accept change and we do not want to leave our values as well. Females want to move forward but social restrictions tie them, so a conflict situation is arising. Abrupt

Dr Sadia Shaukat change is coming, we can see more ratio of females in every discipline of life rather than males, I have seen this situation while visiting many universities for identifying gender discrimination issues. PO: Do you face gender discrimination at your workplace?

SS: My opinions and ideas are encouraged at my work place. But I noticed females’ ideas are not encouraged, It does not mean they do not have credibility, in fact it is due to the distrust factor. Males do not like to see females moving ahead of them. Males are more privileged in our society even when they are not as competent in some cases, but they are still favoured PO: Females face gender discrimination in job related tasks? SS: Yes, females face gender discrimination, especially at their workplace. If the head of department is male, he never likes to provide some opportunities to females. He thinks females cannot do work like males; they are bound for household tasks so they do not have much ability to cope up with official matters. Usually females are not encouraged for decision-making tasks that’ why we see more males as heads of the department and mostly academic committees consist on males. This situation gets change at higher

level, females have leading roles and performing better at administrative positions. PO: What do you think how much locale is accounted in gender discrimination? SS: Yes, rural and urban areas have variation in gender issues. Pakistan gender discrimination is actually discrimination with women because of male dominating society, where women do not have decision making power to take steps for their rights except some women in urban areas. In urban areas, females are more aware about their rights and they have consciousness about equal rights and they can raise their voice against discrimination to some extent. This situation varies in rural areas females are not encouraged to raise their voice against their equal rights and they face more gender discrimination. PO: What type of challenges female’s faces in professional life? SS: There are some challenges the average Pakistani female has to contend with in the workplace such as late

working hours,, in private organizations where ‘late sittings’ are the norm, women, especially working mothers, are discriminated against because of their inability to conform. Leaving ‘early’ is even misconstrued as a lack of ambition in women. Females sometimes do not feel comfortable while interacting with males due to their unwanted remarks. Sexual harassment and lack of work recognition and incentives are the significant issues as well. PO: What is the solution of gender discrimination? SS: If females have controlled attitudes then they easily overcome their gender discrimination. The job is concerned with talent, competence and capabilities. If a female has these factors then she can survive well. Today, females are getting awareness from education and are competing well with males. PO: Are there possibilities of reducing gender discrimination? SS: There are various ways to reduce gender discrimination against females

and they can be provided equal chances at the work place and in the society. Fortunately, Pakistani constitution promises equal rights to all its citizens and so many laws security equal chances of employment to both sexes; but neither government nor private organizations are acting upon those laws. Civil Society and Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) should be constituted to review and explore the matters of gender discrimination in work force. Another way through media Government can create consciousness on gender discrimination regarding employment through awareness campaigns. Exclusively the female employees must be cognizant about their rights and privileges. Secondly research should be conducted to highlight the cases of gender discrimination and help and support the victimized female employees in getting justice. Another way is Government should give instructions to work on gender disparities and preparation of reports

and manuals on human resource development. Research reports will highlight the exact figure of how many male and female employees were employed in the last year, what is the percentage of male and female employees in their total employment and government can take steps to recruit females in those organizations where female ratio is less to meet the global needs. My last emphasis is on education; Government should invest a huge amount on females’ education as they are lagging behind in education. There should be scholarships schemes to help the deserving females who do not get enter in higher education due to financial crisis. Females should be given leading roles and get them involve in decision-making activities at work place. Females should be given awareness about their rights in society and harassment bill, which a powerful weapon for their confirmed empowerment in society.

62nd death anniversary of Khan Liaquat Ali Khan today Treatment of Cholecystitis


HYDERABAD—The surgery is the only treatment for Acute Cholecystitis (Gallbladder problem) to remove the gallbladder (Cholecystectomy). Often this surgery can be done through small incisions in the abdomen (laparoscopic Cholecystectomy), but sometimes it requires a more extensive operation, said eminent surgeon and Associate Professor of Surgery, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences (LUMHS) Jamshoro Dr. Faisal Ghani Siddiqui while talking to this scribe here. He informed that Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder, a small organ near the liver that plays a major part in digesting food. Normally, he informed that fluid called bile, passes out of the gallbladder on its way to the small intestine. If the flow of bile is blocked, it builds up inside the gallbladder, causing swelling, pain, and possible infection, he added. Dr. Faisal Ghani informed about the causes of Cholecystitis, as a stone stuck in the cystic duct, a tube that carries bile from the gallbladder, is most often the cause of sudden (acute) cholecystitis. The gallstone blocks fluid from passing out of the gallbladder, he said and added that this results in an irritated and swollen gallbladder. Infection or trauma, such as an injury from a car accident, can also cause Cholecystitis, he added. He said that Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis, though rare, is most often seen in critically ill people in hospital’s intensive care units. In these cases, there are no gallstones, he said and added that complica- FAISALABAD: People boarding the train to travel to their native cities to celebrate Eid with their loved ones. tions from another severe illness, such as HIV or diabetes, cause the swelling.—APP

7,000 policemen to provide security to Eid congregations

FAISALABAD—As many as places, parks, playgrounds various points throughout Azha. Responding to a the district including 21 pickets at entry and exit points of the city. He said that 10 teams of elite force have also been deputed for patrolling in sensitive areas of the district to avert any untoward incident. All SHOs and incharges investigation have been directed to ensure patrolling in their respective areas on the eve of Eidul

question, the police spokesman said that special security will be provided to the Eid congregations of Ahle Tashi and Qadiyanis whereas all the security staff have been directed to reach at duty points well before an hour of the congregtions. The bomb disposal squads have also been put on alert to cope with any emergency, he added.—APP

Overseas Pakistanis great asset of country

1 killed in accident

I SLAMABAD —Sardar Ayaz Sadiq urges Pakistanis living abroad to play active role in making the country economically self-reliant. Speaker National Assembly Sardar Ayaz Sadiq has urged the Overseas Pakistanis to play active

R AJANPUR —A person was killed when he was hit by a passenger van on Choti Road in the limits of Sadar police Jaampur Tuesday. According to police, Abdul Aziz Laskani, resident of Jaampur, was walking along the road when the speeding van knocked him down.—APP

7,000 police personnel will perform duty to provide security cover to the participants of Eidul Azha congregations in the district on Wednesday. A spokesman of the police department said here on Tuesday that 1030 Eid congregations would be held in the district, including 780 congregations in mosques and 250 at open

etc. As many as 4578 police officials, including 5 SPs, 14 DSPs, 31 inspectors, 108 SIs, 222 ASIs, 171 head constables, 2997 constables and 1030 national volunteers will be deputed around Eid congregations. He further said that on the special directions of City Police Officer (CPO) Dr. Haidar Ashraf, 143 police pickets have been set up at

role in making the country economically self-reliant, says a massage received here on Tuesday. Addressing Pakistani community in British town of Birmingham, he said the Overseas Pakistanis are the great asset of the country and the

government will address their issues on priority basis. The Speaker urged the Pakistanis living abroad to use only legal channels for sending the money home. He called upon Overseas Pakistani to assist earthquake affected people in Balochistan.—INP

Hand grenade explosions leave 14 injured QUETTA—As many as 14 per- Mehmood Ahmad Notezai sons were injured in two hand grenade explosions here in the outskirts of provincial capital on Tuesday. According to police, unidentified motorcyclists lobbed a hand grenade at a Balochitan Constabulary (BC) van near Sariab Road, leaving at least 10 passersby injured. The injured identified as Amir Hamza, Allah Nazar, Allaudin, Muhammad Naseem, Munir Ahmed, Muhammad Ali, Khair Baksh, Ehsanullah, Riaz Ahmed and Qudratullah were rushed to the Civil Hospital. All of the injured were stated be out of danger. Earlier, unidentified men hurled a hand-grenade at a flower nursery in Baloch Colony of Hazara Town area. The explosion left four persons Mohammad Arshad, Abdul Majeed, Lakhmir Khan and Zaheer Ahmad injured. They were sitting in the nursery as the explosion took place and were rushed to Bolan Medical Complex. Perpetrators of both the blasts managed to escape. Meanwhile, SuperintenHYDERABAD: A resident of Qasimabad, Nighat Naz, talking to media during a protest against husband’s torture. dent of Police Saddar Circle

told APP that joint teams of police and Balochistan Frontier Corps raided Kharoatabad, Eastern Bypass.—APP

62nd death anniversary of Pakistan’s first Prime Minister Khan Liaquat Ali Khan will be observed today (Wednesday). Born and hail from Karnal, East Punjab, Khan Ali Khan was educated at the Aligarh Muslim University in India, and then the Oxford University in the United Kingdom. Well educated, he was an Islamic democracy political theorist who promoted the parliamentarism in India. After being invited by the Congress Party, he opted for the Muslim League led by influential Mohammad Ali Jinnah who was advocating and determining to eradicate the injustices and ill treatment meted out to the Indian Muslims by the British government. He pushed his role in the independence movements of India and Pakistan, while serving as the first Finance minister in the interim government of British Indian Empire, prior to partition. Ali Khan assisted Muhammad Ali Jinnah in campaigning for the creation of a separate state for Indian Muslims. Khan Liaquat Ali Khan

was assassinated on 16 October 1951, during a public meeting of the Muslim City League at Company Bagh (later named Liaquat Bagh af-

ter him) in Rawalpindi. Upon his death, he was given the title of “Shaheed-e-Millat”, or “Martyr of the Nation”. He is buried at Mazar-e-Quaid compound in Karachi. To mark the day, seminars and references will be held across the country where speakers will pay rich tributes to Khan Liaquat Ali Khan who struggled with Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah to get a separate homeland for Muslims of sub-continent and later served as first prime minister at critical juncture.—Online

Dry weather predicted I SLAMABAD —The Pakistan song of the extended sumMeteorological Department (PMD) on Tuesday forecast mainly dry weather in most parts of the country during next 24 hours. Light rain with thunderstorm is expected at one or two places in Gilgit-Baltistan during nthe same period. According to met office, mainly dry weather is anticipated in Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, Balochistan and Kashmir. Meanwhile farmers of cotton crop areas are advised to prepare their field for incoming Rabi crops and complete sowing process before December 15. After this time the yield of wheat crop decreases gradually. Farmers are advised to cultivate winter vegetables in time so that present soil moisture may fully be utilized. The prolonged heat spell was broken and the mercury dipped as widespread rains have been reported from different parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the last 24 hours. The thundershowers received on Sunday night seemed to be the Sawn’s

mers as mercury declined from 32 degree centigrade in the provincial capital to 29 degree centigrade. Taking to APP here official of the provincial met office informed that there was hardly any chance of rain during Eidul Azha in the provincial capi-

tal. He said that partly cloudy weather would persist in Peshawar and adjoining districts in the next two to three days. However, he went on to add that showers were expected in Hazara and Malakand Divisions in upper parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in next 24 hours. Giving breakup details of rain during the last 24 hours, he said that 3 mm rain was recorded in Peshawar, 20 mm in Parachinar, 6 mm in Malamjabba and 10 mm in Taimargara.—APP

LOWER DIR: People busying sweet on the occasion of Eid-ul-Azha.

World food day to be observed today

Investment in nutrition key to unlocking a better future: WFP I SLAMABAD —The

UN World Food Programme (WFP) is marking World Food Day today (Wednesday) by highlighting the power of nutrition to transform individuals, societies and economies, and the need to make it central to all development efforts. On the occasion, the United Nations Secretary-General Message “Every day, more than 840 million people go hungry in a world of plenty. This fact alone should be cause for moral outrage and concerted action. Yet the challenge extends far deeper. Two billion people suffer from the “hidden hunger” of malnutrition. Poor nutrition also means some 1.4 billion people are overweight, with about one-third obese and

at risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes or other health problems. The key to better nutrition, and ultimately to ensuring each person’s right to food, lies in better food systems – smarter approaches, policies and investments encompassing the environment, people, institutions and processes by which agricultural products are produced, processed and brought to consumers in a sustainable manner. I am pleased that many countries around the world have joined our Zero Hunger Challenge and pledged to work together for sustainable food systems. Together, we can help make sure that everyone has enough nutritious food each and every day. On this World Food Day, let us aim for achieving zero hunger in

our lifetimes for one and all.” “Undernourished girls and boys face barriers in health, in school performance and later, in the workplace, which limit their human potential and their capacity to contribute to the societies in which they live,” said WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin. “Prioritising nutrition today is an investment in our collective global future. The investment must involve food, agriculture, health and education systems,” she said. Today some 842 million people - more than one in eight people in the world suffer from chronic hunger. Yet even more – around two billion people - lack the vitamins and minerals needed to live healthy lives. If the global community invested US$1.2 billion per year for five years

on reducing micronutrient deficiencies, the benefits in better health, fewer child deaths and increased future earnings would generate gains worth US$15.3 billion. The theme of this year’s World Food Day is “Sustainable Food Systems for Food Security and Nutrition.” Providing food assistance to 97 million people worldwide, here are some of the ways WFP focuses on nutrition: Rapidly increasing the number of children and new mothers who receive new nutritionally enhanced food products. Focusing on the crucial 1,000 day window from the womb to two years of age – where getting sufficient nutrients and calories is crucial for full growth. Stepping up assistance through cash and vouchers when

food is available in markets, so consumers can buy more fresh and varied local foods. Emphasising dietary diversity and fresh foods in its school feeding programmes, by working with local communities and farmers. Working with private partners and research institutes to assess the nutritional impact of providing fortified foods. Supporting the creation of a solid evidence base to guide countries in their nutrition policies and strategies. “Here in Pakistan, WFP works closely with the government as well as FAO, IFAD and other UN agencies to address food and nutrition security. WFP has been working on supporting the Salt Iodization programme and a national strategy for wheat flour fortification to

address micronutrient deficiencies while building up local capacity to mill and fortify 150,000 metric tons of wheat donated to WFP by the Government of Pakistan in 2013. We have developed partnerships with the public and private sectors for local production of specialized nutritious foods which has become a model for other countries and plays an important role in decreasing child undernutrition throughout the region,“ said WFP Pakistan Country Director, Lola Castro. WFP celebrates World Food Day with its sister UN food agencies, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).—INP

World may listen to Grand Mufti


The unraveler of colonialism


S usual, the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, Sheikh Abdul Aziz utilized the unique gathering of the Muslims on the occasion of annual Hajj to spread true spirit and message of Islam. Delivering sermon from Masjid-e-Nimra, situated in Arafat, he addressed both Muslims and non-Muslims in different but most relevant contexts in a bid to promote inter-faith harmony and global peace. About two to three million Muslims, from every nook and corner of the world, gather at Arafat every year, who take the message back to their respective countries but more importantly the sermon is also broadcast/telecast live with translation in different languages and therefore, creates the desired impact. Mindful of this reality, the Grand Mufti touched the most sensitive and delicate issue of terrorism and extremism that is not only a buzzword these days across the globe but also is central to the Muslim Ummah, which is bearing the brunt of the propaganda as well as misperceptions of different sorts in this context. Out-rightly rejecting the approach of those who are indulging in terrorism in the garb of Islam, Sheikh Abdul Aziz made it clear that there was no room for this phenomenon in Islam and that hell is final abode for those spilling blood of innocent beings. This is also a message to those who lose no opportunity of lashing Muslims and are trying to portray them as sponsors of terrorism and extremism. Muslims should also listen to his warning that they are being targeted by their enemy – who wants to spread chaos among them and that it was time to confront this phenomenon in clear terms. We can surely foil designs of the enemy if we forge unity among our ranks and follow the Islamic teachings, in their true spirit, in our personal and collective lives. Poverty and backwardness are also common in majority of the Muslim countries and it was, perhaps, this in view that the Grand Mufti urged Muslim world to invest its precious resources on welfare of its people. This is quite relevant as thousands of billions of dollars of some of the resourcerich Muslim countries are stacked in the Western world and are contributing to their economies at the cost of hunger, disease and ignorance in their own people. We are sure that if the true message of Islam, as enunciated by Grand Mufti, is carried forward by Muslims, then not only misperceptions about Islam would vanish but the Ummah would also progress and prosper in every field.

Federal & Provincial govts as defaulters T

HOUGH it is no secret but the latest report of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has magnified the problem of default of electricity bills by pointing out that the Federal and Provincial governments are the largest defaulters in this respect. According to the report, Government departments and influential people own hefty 300 billion rupees to power companies. The issue of electricity bills default has off and on been highlighted both by the Government and other stakeholders and even NAB was reportedly assigned the task of recovering huge amounts but the situation remains as it is mainly due to lack of commitment on the part of the authorities concerned. It is a strange phenomenon that on the one hand power supply of ordinary domestic consumers is cut if anyone defaults for two months but Federal and Provincial Governments, some organizations and well connected people are not bothering to clear their dues running into hundreds of billions of rupees. You are also raising tariff mercilessly and doing away with subsidies which clearly means that ordinary consumers are being forced to pay for defaults of the Government departments as well as electricity theft running into billions. Otherwise too, how the Government can ask consumers to pay bills when it itself has failed to act as a role model. Such things lead to demoralization and erosion of faith in the system and therefore, electricity dues to departments, agencies and Provincial governments must be deducted at source as once suggested by veteran politician Ch Shujaat Hussain.

Obama’s fear of US default W

ORLD over, people are watching the shutdown in the United States for the past two weeks and President Obama warned on Monday that if his Republican rivals did not raise America’s debt ceiling by Thursday, the country stands a good chance of defaulting on its $ 16.8 trillion debt. By the 17th of October, the US government will run out of legal options to meet its financial obligations due to shut down forced by the Republican dominated House of Representatives. Heads of International financial institutions and Governors of central banks of major economies are of the opinion that a still-fragile global recovery is being put at risk by Washington’s squabbling politicians. President of World Bank observed that a US debt default will have greater impact for the developing world as it would result in interest rates rising, confidence falling and growth slowing. IMF Chief has also endorsed these views by stating that if the US defaults, the entire global economy could be hit. However, the German Bundesbank’s President was more optimistic and ruled out the possibility of a default hoping that as in the past the political opponents will manage to unite on a solution. There have been other showdowns between Republican lawmakers and President Obama that went to the last minute in 2011. But the real possibility that as of Thursday the government would not be able to meet its obligations prompted grim warnings of an economic catastrophe that could ripple through stock markets, foreign capitals, corporate boardrooms, state budget offices and the bank accounts of everyday investors. The shutdown is a clear reflection that even in US the personal animosities and ideological divisions are too deep that are eroding democratic values and traditions. But there is hope of reaching a bipartisan deal to raise the debt ceiling and end the government shutdown as Senate leaders who met on Monday appeared confident that they had developed a framework that could win the approval of Congress and save the country from a first-ever default on the national debt.

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US-Afghan SOFA: Impediments & prospects Iqbal Khan Email:tweets@wonderous101


ERRY-Karzai marathon talks on Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA), also known as Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), fizzled out after raising high hopes a day earlier. Americans want to extract maximum concessions from the outgoing Afghan president. Afghanistan side is careful, and thus is in no hurry. “I believe Karzai wants the BSA, but he doesn’t want to take responsibility for it,” says Shah Mahmood Miakhel, Afghanistan country director for the ‘US Institute of Peace’, a Washington think tank. “Karzai would like to protect himself both ways.” The US wants the security deal signed by October 31 to enable the NATO military coalition to plan its withdrawal of 87,000 combat troops from Afghanistan by December 2014. In the meanwhile Mullah Omar has rejected the proposed pact and said Afghans will not accept it. His statement came a day after Messrs Karzai and Kerry agreed on some parts of the BSA. “The invaders and their allies should understand that the strategic agreement will be accompanied by grave consequences for them,” said Omar on Sunday. “Their decisions are not acceptable. The invaders should know that their limited bases will never be accepted. The current armed Jihad will continue against them with more momentum...The Afghan people can’t be enticed by the (current) conspiracy of misleading people under the name of elections in the shade of the occupation in the

country...Therefore, the Islamic Emirate rejects these elections and urge the people to avoid participation in them,” the Taliban Supremo said. A credible election to choose Karzai’s successor next year is seen as the key test of Afghan stability as NATO troops withdraw, and Kerry stressed US would support a free and fair vote. Karzai is certainly between the devil and the deep blue sea. The bilateral security agreement between Kabul and Washington is threatened by disputes between Afghan and US officials, and there are fears that the agreement will be derailed if the issues are not resolved. The US Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel described the pact as critically important. “I hope we’ll have that agreement by the end of October, because we just can’t move without it,” Hagel said. However, Karzai is not rushing into signing the pact, and it may not be finalised until after his successor is chosen in April elections. If signed by the current president, he will be definitely held accountable in history of Afghanistan. The collapse of a similar pact with Iraq in 2011 led to US pulling all its troops out of country. Such replication cannot be ruled out in case of Afghanistan as well. While addressing the US troops in South Korea during his 30 September visit, Hagel highlighted few key points about Afghan conflict: the United States will not commit troops to a follow-on operation in Afghanistan without a security agreement; decisions on force levels to remain in the theatre would be made after that pact; US officials are working towards securing a SOFA with the Afghan government by the end of October that could shape the size and construct of NATO’s post-2014 mis-

sion in Afghanistan; and the US president would make a decision on size and role/task of residual garrison after signing of SOFA. The US has set the end of this month as its artificial deadline for signing a SOFA with Afghanistan. The driving force behind this push is to have the SOFA in place, far ahead of the end of next year to prevent a repeat of embarrassment that the US suffered when it was unable to get the terms it wanted–specifically, full criminal immunity for US troops–in Iraq and wound up withdrawing all troops instead of leaving a force behind after the stated end of military operations. The news out of Afghanistan does not bode well for the US to meet its deadline. Issue of criminal immunity is just as big a barrier in Afghanistan as it was in Iraq. Karzai has long opposed unilateral operations in Afghanistan by US special operations forces and the CIA, particularly when they run the risk of causing civilian casualties. Afghan side strongly relates it their sovereignty. They consider it something that will definitely undermine the sovereignty if they allow the US forces to have the right to conduct unilateral military operations. In February 2013, Karzai got frustrated with the death squad activities in Wardak province and called for the expulsion of US Special Forces from there. Reference to special operations forces and the CIA actually means the death squads that the US organizes in Afghanistan, sometimes under the guise of Afghan police. These squads carry out brutal night raids described as “counter-terrorism” operations. The second sticking point is also fairly interesting. It appears that in this case, the US is actually showing restraint, and rightly

so, since they don’t want to give Afghanistan wide latitude in determining what constitutes an attack on Afghanistan that could trigger the US response in defence of Afghanistan. Cross-border skirmishes between various factions in Afghanistan and Pakistan is a frequent activity. Recently there was a suicide bombing at the Chaman border crossing that killed at least eight people. Attacker appeared to have come from the Afghan side of the border; the US wishes to avoid being forced to carry out attacks inside Pakistan under the guise of the SOFA when a suicide attack originates from inside Pakistan. While there is already a long term strategic partnership agreement in place governing US Afghan relationships from 2014 to 2024, the role and number of troops to remain in Afghanistan was left to be negotiated separately. The US demands that the residual troops be immune from Afghan law. Karzai so far has not agreed to that and has said that he will leave the matter to a loya jirga which may be quite unwilling to grant such immunity. It’s unlikely that either side will give up any portion of their position; hence the “deadline” is likely to be extended. There is a discussion that the new Afghan president taking office after the April elections will be tasked with finalizing the agreement since both sides seem unable to come to agreement. Pakistan needs to carefully monitor the terms of reference and raise its voice, well in advance, if any thing appears cooking up that could impinge upon Pakistan’s security. —The writer is a Consultant Policy & Strategic Response at IPRI.

Cult status for Malala! promotes materialism based on a capitalist exploitative order, individualAli Ashraf Khan economic ism, exceptionalism and ism based on the destruction of traditional communities like family, baradari (clans), HE Pakistani media are full tribe and religious community; it is with comments and articles also based on the denial of any other reporting the praise that is source of truth than human mind meted out to Malala by the West and only. In Western worldview man is joining them in praising her for the the highest being, he is the lord of alleged wonders and braveries she the world and able and entitled to has done. Pakistan’s media and do what he wants. This worldview Prime Minister are not sparing any and these ideas are taught and prochance to win their foreign master’s moted by western learning and their goodwill. So much so that one gets textbooks - may be not straight forpimples when just reading the name ward but in a subtle way. of the girl, because the great cause Malala says she wants girls’ eduof educating the girls in Swat and cation. Fine, but keeping in mind the the rest of Pakistan might be a prob- state of the educational system in lem since Pakistan unfortunately Pakistan we need education – qualadopted the proxy war of US ity education - based on a world view against the so-called terrorism that compatible with our society-for boys created the Taliban in Pakistan and as well. There is nothing wrong with controversy around girl’s education. the demand of girls’ education as such We should be clear that the West and if the conservative mullahs and has its own agenda in praising her: any section of Taliban have brought Malala –whether she understands a bad name to Islam by denying eduthat or not- is singing the song of cation to girls then this has to be western ideas and values and thus changed. Muslims know that our promotes the agenda of the West. Holy Book “Quran” told us ‘read in What does that mean? How is edu- the name of God’ to the prophet and cation or the promotion of education through him to all people that want a promotion of Western values? The to follow God’s commandments – answer to this important question male and female. And education was that we don’t pose to ourselves of- the basis for the golden age of Islam ten enough is that education is not when Europeans used to go to equal to education. madrassahs for learning. Education is not the transfer of The problem is not so much girls knowledge or facts starting with or boys education as such but what learning how to read and write but type of education. The wrong type of the way how and why these facts are education is damaging boys and men interpreted and put together to form as much as girls and women by dethe worldview of the student. West- stroying our traditions blindly and ern-type education based on their denouncing God and the Truth. This worldview is materialistic and secu- should be the discussion in our melar meaning devoid of the acceptance dia: what kind of education we need? and appreciation of God in this Is this Western Enlightenment type world. Western type of education of education that is sponsored by


Western NGOs and Pakistani liberals good or not; and are USAID advertised programmes suitable for our society or not? It is such a bad marketing trick to use a young girl who doesn’t know much about the world and develop her into an instrument to sell western education in the tribal society. She was first chosen to write

More so, daily bravery of those girls and their families who despite security issues or even grave danger make sure that their girls go to school is diminished by this Malalaitis. Those who resist timid ideas and interpretations of Islam here and now on a daily basis are the real heroes of our society. weekly dairy for BBC Urdu service under the name of Gul Makai when she was not more than 10 years of age. The questions arises how she was chosen? Well, her father, himself owner of a school, has been that person interested in getting popularity for his school. The princely state of Swat that I had known from my school days was a place where the local ruler (Wali) made sure that educational institutions were much more and better developed than in many other places of Pakistan, where teachers used to take students for sight seeing tours, and

we used to be amazed to see Primary Schools run by the government for girls and boys in every village and small children in uniform going and coming in remote touristic towns and villages, when many areas in settled areas of Pakistan had no school. It is on record that in a Cabinet meeting of then Punjab/ West Pakistan the Education Minister Mr. Abdul Hameed Dasti had refused to allocate funds for education children on the pretext that “government cannot afford this luxury” because they wanted to protect and promote feudal system of politics in Pakistan. The senseless cheering of our so-called liberals of Malala and their insistence that ‘the whole of Pakistan’ was united in doing so is another lie. While surely people welcome Malala’s recovery the kind of cult that is created around her has been rejected from day one even in her own home town when girls in Swat rejected their school being named after her. The more ‘democratic’ media like twitter and face book and numerous blogs are full with critical comments warning what damage can be done to the child by such undeserved praise. More so, the daily bravery of those girls and their families who despite security issues or even grave danger make sure that their girls go to school is diminished by this Malalaitis. Those who resist timid ideas and interpretations of Islam here and now on a daily basis are the real heroes of our society. Let’s not get carried away with western propaganda started through media as a kind of psychological weapon of mass destruction. GOD Bless our beloved country and the People of Pakistan. —The writer is Karachi-based senior columnist.

IETNAMESE Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap, one of the leading military figures in contemporary Asian history, died Oct. 4 at the age of 102. Mr. Giap was instrumental in the defeats of France and the United States during the decades-long war to unite Vietnam. Those victories are a reminder of the critical importance of spirit and its ability to balance raw power. A country that is fighting for its survival and its sovereignty is a formidable opponent. That energy, properly directed as Mr. Giap managed to do, can prove insurmountable. Born to a family of rice farmers, Mr. Giap was steeped in a fervent nationalism that yearned for Vietnamese independence from the French. He earned degrees in law and political economics, then taught at a private institution for elite Vietnamese. He is said to have been especially vocal on the subject of the French Revolution. Mr. Giap had no formal military training when he was chosen by Ho Chi Minh, founder of the Vietnamese Communist Party, to lead the Viet Minh, the military wing of the Vietnam Independence League. An avid student of Mao Zedong, Mr. Giap absorbed a few important lessons from the master of revolution: First, he grasped the need to combine political and military strategy to prevail in struggle. A leader had to always stay focused on the larger objectives, not just the battle that he was fighting at the moment. Second, this demanded political indoctrination of the troops so that they appreciated what they were fighting for. Mr. Giap’s magnetism was legendary and he demanded and received great loyalty and sacrifice from his troops. Third, he understood that the gross mismatch in power between Vietnam and its opponents demanded novel guerrilla strategies. Hearts and minds had to be won, but on occasion terror, too, could prove to be an effective tool. While controversy surrounds Mr. Giap’s legacy — the human cost of his fighting was extraordinary — the results are clear. His army defeated far superior French and US forces to unite Vietnam under a single government in Hanoi. He is considered by many to be one of the finest military strategists of the 20th century. Yet for him, a simple logic was at work. As he explained nearly a decade ago, a nation that can unite will always defeat a foreign invader. “When people have the spirit to reach for independent sovereignty … and show solidarity, it means the people can defeat the enemy,” Mr. Giap said. To put it more simply, “nothing is more important than freedom.” Two battles mark his career. The first was the 55-day siege of French forces at Dien Bien Phu, in the northwestern region of Vietnam. First, Mr. Giap lured some 13,000 French troops, some of them from its elite Foreign Legion, into the area. He then had trenches dug to isolate and starve the French forces. The area was overrun by his own troops after eight weeks. The final defeat came as negotiators were meeting in Geneva to discuss a settlement, a move that prompted the French to withdraw from Vietnam and split the country into two parts, a communist north and noncommunist south. For many historians, Dien Bien Phu was a turning point in modern history. The first victory of a colonized people against the West unleashed restive forces that eventually unravelled the imperial order. After reunification, Mr. Giap waged one last fight. After being eased out of the Politburo as Vietnam made its first tentative steps toward opening and reform, he became a ecowarrior concerned about the impact of economic modernization on traditional ways of life in Vietnam and the prospect of subordination to Chinese economic interests. In his twilight years, he wrote open letters to the government protesting bauxite mining and its social and environmental effects. Mr. Giap remained a fervent defender of Vietnam until his death.— The Japan Times Democracy is only an experiment in government, and it has the obvious disadvantage of merely counting votes instead of weighing them. — Dean Inge British churchman

Sacrifice: Philosophy and rules T

HE Urdu and Persian word Qurbani (Sacrificial slaughter) is derived from the Arabic word Qurban. Lexically, it means an act performed to seek Allah’s pleasure. Originally, the word Qurban included all acts of charity because the purpose of charity is nothing but to seek Allah’s pleasure. But, in precise religious terminology, the word was later confined to the sacrifice of an animal slaughtered for sake of Allah. The sacrifice of an animal has always been treated as a recognized form of worship in all religious orders originating from a divine book. Even in pagan societies, the sacrifice of an animal is recognized as a form of worship, but it is done in the name of some idols and not in the name of Allah, a practice totally rejected by Islam. In the Shari’ah of our beloved Holy Prophet (PBUH), the sacrifice of an animal has been recognized as a form of worship only during three days of Zulhijjah, namely, the 10th, 1lth and 12th of the month. This is to commemorate the unparalleled sacrifice offered by the Prophet Sayyidna Ibrahim (PBUH), when he, in pursuance to a command of Allah conveyed to him in a dream, prepared himself to slaughter his beloved son, Sayyidna Isma’il (PBUH), and actually did so but, Allah Almighty, after testing his submission, sent down a sheep and saved his son from the logical fate of slaughter. It is from that time onwards that the sacrifice of an animal became an obligatory duty to be performed by every well to do Muslim. Qurbani is a demonstration of total submission to Allah and a proof of complete obedience to Allah’s will or command. When a Muslim offers a Qurbani, this is exactly what he intends to prove. Thus, the Qurbani offered by a Muslim signifies that he is a slave of Allah at his best and that he would not hesitate even for a moment, once he receives an absolute command from his Creator, to surrender before it, to obey it willingly, even if it be at the price of his life and possessions.

When a true and perfect Muslim receives a command from Allah, he does not make his obedience dependent upon the command’s reasonability’ as perceived through his limited understanding. He knows that Allah is All-knowing, All-Wise and that his own reason cannot encompass the knowledge and wisdom underlying the divine command. He, therefore, submits to the divine command, even if he cannot grasp the reason or wisdom behind it. This is exactly what the Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) did. Apparently, there was no reason why a father should slaughter his innocent son. But, when came the command from Allah, he never asked about the reason for that command, nor did he hesitate to follow it. Even his minor son when asked by his father about the dream he had seen, never questioned the legitimacy of the command, nor did he pine or whine about it, nor did he ask for one good reason why he was being slaughtered. The one and only response he made was: ‘Father, do what you have been ordered to do. You shall find me, God willing, among the patient”. The present-day Qurbani is offered in memory of this great model of submission set before us by the great father and the great son. So Qurbani must be offered in our time emulating the same ideal and attitude of submission. This, then, is the true philosophy of Qurbani. With this in mind, one can easily unveil the fallacy of those who raise objections against Qurbani on the basis of economic calculations and depict it to be a wastage of money, resources and livestock. Unable to see beyond mundane benefits, they cannot understand the spirit Islam wants to plant and nourish among its followers, the spirit of total submission to Allah’s will which equips man with most superior qualities so necessary to keep humanity in a state of lasting peace and welfare. Qurbani is nothing but a powerful symbol of the required human conduct vis-à-vis the divine

commands, however “irrational” or them has its own importance and “uneconomic” they may seem to be none of them can stand for the other. in their appearance. Thus, the distrust- It is not permissible for a Muslim to perform salah instead of fasting in Ramadan, nor is it permissible for The Spirit Of Islam him to give some charity instead of observing the obligatory Salah. Similarly, Qurbani is an independent form of worship and this obligation cannot be discharged by spending money in charity. However, if somebody, out of his ignorance or negligence, could not offer Qurbani on the three prescribed days (10th, 1lth and 12th Zulhijjah) then, in that case only, he can give the price of a Qurbani as sadaqah to those entitled receive Zakah. But during the Mufti Taqi Usmani to days of Qurbani no Sadaqah can discharge the obligation. ful quest for mundane economic benNo doubt, there are in every efits behind Qurbani is, in fact, the form of worship ordained by Allah, negation of its real philosophy and certain worldly benefits too, but they the very spirit underlying it. are not the main purpose of these Every adult Muslim, male or fe- prescribed duties, nor should they be male, who owns 613.35 grams of sil- treated as a pre-condition to submisver or its equivalent in money, per- sion and obedience. All acts of worsonal ornaments, stock-in-trade or ship, including Qurbani, must be any other form of wealth which is carried out with a spirit of total subsurplus to his basic needs, is under mission to Allah, irrespective of their an obligation to offer a Qurbani. Each economic, social or political benadult member of a family who owns efits. This is what Ibrahim (PBUH), the above mentioned amount must did, and this is what every true Musperform his own Qurbani separately. lim is required to do, Qurbani can If the adult children live with their only be performed during the three parents, Qurbani is obligatory on each days of Eid, namely the 10th, Ilth one of them possessing the prescribed and 12th of Zulhijjah. It is only in amount. The Qurbani offered by a these days that slaughtering of an husband for himself does not fulfil animal is recognized as an act of the obligation of his wife, nor can the worship. No Qurbani can be perQurbani offered by a father discharge formed in any other days of the year. his son or daughter from their obli- Although Qurbani is permissible on gation. Each one of them should care each of the three aforesaid days, yet for his own. it is preferable to perform it on the However, if a husband or a fa- first day i.e. the 10th of Zulhijjah. ther, apart from offering his own No Qurbani is allowed before Qurbani, gives another Qurbani on the Eid prayer is over. However, in behalf of his wife or his son, he can small villages where the Eid prayer do so with their permission. Some is not to be performed, Qurbani can people think that instead of offering be offered’ any time after the break a Qurbani they should give its amount of dawn on the 10th of Zulhijjah. to some poor people as charity. This Qurbani can also be performed in the attitude is totally wrong. Actually, two nights following the Eid day, but there are different forms of worship it is more advisable to perform it obligatory on Muslims. Each one of during daytime.

Views From Abroad

Conflicting axes in the Middle East Wadah Khanfar


N the Middle East, long-estab lished alliances are shifting dra matically. As one political leader in the region said to me recently: “The ground is shaking under our feet and we must keep all our options open.” Three major events over the past three months have destabilised the old order: a military coup against Mohamed Morsi’s government in Egypt; the Russian-American agreement to destroy Syria’s chemical weapons; and a phone call between Obama and the new Iranian president Hassan Rouhani. But first: what did the old order look like? Before Hosni Mubarak’s regime was overthrown in Egypt, the Middle East was split into two main axes. The so-called axis of moderation – Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, UAE and Kuwait – was aligned with the west, supported the Palestinian National Authority and encouraged a political settlement with Israel. The axis of resistance – Iran, Syria and the political movements of Hamas and Hezbollah – had a strained relationship with the west and considered a political settlement with Israel as a surrender. Qatar and Turkey stood close to this axis, maintaining good relations with the axis of moderation. The fall of Mubarak’s regime in January 2011 removed Egypt from the axis of moderation and triggered the current regional turmoil. The Syrian uprising against the Bashar al-Assad regime drove the Hamas leadership out of Syria, and out of the axis of resistance. Turkey and Qatar also moved further away

after both expressing public support for the Syrian rebels. In this way, the axis of resistance was transformed into an axis of Iranian-Shia power, extending from Tehran to Nourial-Maliki’s government in Iraq and Hezbollah in Lebanon – a resilient axis united by support for the Assad regime. After Morsi’s election, Turkey and Qatar lent Egypt financial and political support, forming a new strategic alliance. Thus the coup that overthrew Morsi in July was a strategic earthquake. But it was welcomed by what was left of the axis of moderation: Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, and Jordan. The Saudi king congratulated the interim president of Egypt and, with Kuwait and the UAE, offered him a package of aid exceeding $12bn, and King Abdullah II of Jordan was the first Arab leader to visit Cairo after the coup. However, Qatar and Turkey condemned the coup. Iran, though not sorry to see Morsi go given his support for the Syrian revolution, was concerned to see Egypt strongly aligned once more with Iran’s enemies. The aftershocks of the coup continue to affect the region. The countries supporting it had hoped the military would enforce its rule in a matter of weeks, but they miscalculated: three months on the Egyptian scene hasn’t settled down. There are still constant marches and protests, as well as an imposed evening curfew. Military and security measures have been taken against the Sinai and several cities and villages opposing the coup, and are driving the country into a state of economic paralysis. On a regional level, there were other miscalculations, too. The new axis of modera-

tion tried to topple the Islamist movements in Tunisia and Libya, while the Egyptian army began destroying the tunnels linking Gaza and Sinai as well as launching an extensive campaign against Hamas with the hope of ending its control of the Gaza Strip. At the same time, the new axis of moderation also strained its relationship with Turkey, one of the most strategically important countries in the region. However, the greatest miscalculation the new axis made was its evaluation of the Russian and American position on Syria. This axis hoped Basher alAssad’s regime would be quickly eliminated and replaced with a regime aligned with the axis of moderation, while also excluding jihadists from the scene. Saudi and UAE diplomacy supported an American military strike against Assad. They communicated with Russia to give assurances and incentives to ensure thzat the Russians would refrain from effective rejection of any strikes. However, the Russian-American deal to disarm Syria’s chemical weapons was a surprise. This was then followed by the developing closeness between Iran and both the US and Britain, which further complicated the situation and derailed the aims of the axis of moderation. The restructuring of regional alliances is still ongoing. The two countries that would benefit most from being politically close would be Turkey and Iran. Iran, burdened by an economic blockade and on the verge of talks with the west, has an interest in the Iraqi and Syrian crises being resolved in a manner that would guarantee the preservation of its power

while bringing stability to the region. Meanwhile, Turkey also has an interest in putting an end to the bloodshed in Syria and Iraq because of the detrimental impact the conflicts are having on Turkey’s own stability and economic development. In addition, Turkey’s relationship with the axis of moderation has deteriorated since the coup in Egypt, and it needs to make diplomatic moves to revive its regional influence. However, the transformations in the region are expected not only to affect the position of countries, but that of the Islamist movements as well. In particular it will be interesting to see how Hamas re-evaluates its regional relations and whether the targeting of the movement in Gaza will drive it to restore close relations with Iran. The region as a whole has suffered from conflict between the two axes for years, and this has led to civil wars and sectarian conflict. It is now clear that the struggle in Syria has reached a critical point for both sides, and there will be no solution unless Iranians, Turks and Arabs can work together. As for Iraq, its legislative elections will be held in a few months. Sectarian polarisation in the country is claiming hundreds of lives on a monthly basis. Without reconciling Sunnis, Shias and Kurds, Iraq too is heading for more violence. Conflicting axes cannot achieve stability in the region; only co-operative efforts of all the parties and countries involved can hope to do that. Today this all seems a distant hope, and the region may have to experience more turmoil and chaos before this fact is accepted. — Courtesy: The Guardian

It’s time for a repair job..!


EY Bob, he says. “You haven’t showed us round your house you know!” “Come along,” I tell him with pleasure, “for a grand tour of Bob’s Castle. It’s not a kings palace nor a royal chateau, but its my…” I stop short at my wife’s angry glare. “Come along,’ I says again, “for a grand tour of Bob’s castle, its not a kings…” This time she pulls me into the bedroom next door. “You want them to see this?” she asks. “You want them to see that?” Her fingers point to once spotless ceiling on which tell

tale stain of last monsoon fury says sorry story. “Or this?” she says as open bathroom door reveals broken wooden window. “Maybe,” she says as I follow now meekly to kitchen, “they would love to see this?” Kitchen cabinet doors hang from old rusty hinges, treacherously allowing her precious plates balance with gay abandon, from shelves of warped wood. “Come,’ says my wife, “maybe children’s room will give them comic relief.” The children gaze at ceiling and then look horror stricken at me. “What you looking at?” I ask. They stare wide eyed at tell tale crack above that glares wide eyed back at them. “When?” I ask my wife, later after puzzled guests who are not shown around the house have left. “did all this happen?” “The stain on the ceiling,” says she, reading from dog eared diary, “ last year, when you swept

leaves, clothes line and clothes into drainage pipe: you were eyeing pretty neighbour instead of terrace floor. The kitchen cabinet doors, well its been a long time since you paid that room a visit, and broken bathroom windows, even I didn’t know till I realised yesterday, there must be some other way for good neighbour to say hi then when I was having a bath!” With hammer and spanner and new screw driver I start setting my home right. I bang on the shelves and marvel at sheer will power that till now held my china intact. My wife holds the nails and even kisses hurt finger, as I go about putting my home back in shape. T’is a few days later as I sit in my castle after painting the tell tale stain in the ceiling away, that I hear someone knock, somewhere near. “Who’s it?” I shout and look all

around. The knock becomes louder and I hear God speak, “Hey it’s me Bob, you haven’t shown me around for some time you know.” It’s dirty inside me, but as I look I see Him, wading through muck and the filth and setting things right. I watch as the darkness, all inside of me, starts to glow with a light that comes all from God. I watch astonished as the whole of my heart becomes white with a radiance that’s brighter than snow. The Lord wades through the dirt and throws rubbish out, and without hammer or chisel, with no spanner, no screwdriver, He straightens things inside till they’re twisted no more. Then with dirt on His hands and blood on himself, He stands next to me proudly and says, “Anyone else for a good repair job?” —

Voice of the People Patriotism among the youth TAYYABA PARACHA


ONE are the days when the essence of patriotism was felt in the streets as it flowed in the blood of people. Quarrels were started when some other country was preferred against Pakistan and the spirit to die for nation streamed in the hearts of youngsters. This, however, can’t be seen here anymore, thanks to the foreign media and youth magazines that are fully determined towards promoting foreign culture and mocking our own moral and cultural values in the best possible manner. Our local channels have hired Indian TV serials and above that now every channel is airing at least one Turkish drama. These dramas represent completely different culture and ethical standards which is confusing our youth into following the society or liberalism shown in the serials. Open use of liquor by heroes, half naked heroines and public love affairs are now idealized by youth. And when such liberties are not seen here they end up getting sick of social standards and old trends. This negative mind-set is taking away the sense of oneness, unity and belonging of youth from their true culture and social values. If this notion continues, it will not only affect our culture but also completely put an end to the concepts of loyalty and devotion the country and mutual social relations among our future generations. It is therefore, the need of time to educate our youth with the real concept of nation building and unity. Our new generation must be aware of their national identity, their glorious past, the national heroes, the genius minds of the times amongst them and the unique contributions they made. Learning about our legacy and the basis of our identity will help developing a sense of association with the motherland. It is the time to review the curriculum at the primary and teenage level for the young students, inculcate in them a national fervour through media anf fine arts and make them believe tat the Islamic teachings and Pakistani culture are supreme and that there is no reason to be apologetic about our heritage, heroes, language and social ethos. Moreover, providing the youth with a platform to speak for them and taking their ideas for a better future will further assure their interest in taking the country forward. —Via email

Institutions destroyed MUHAMMAD KAREEM The reinstatement with back-benefits of 8,000 political appointees in the government departments by the previous regime can not be pardoned by the nation. These people were political appointees and were inducted purely on the basis of nepotism. These people are a burden on the national exchequer; these reinstated employees have also been given their back-dated arrears. It is correct that due to these reinstated employees, purely on the basis of nepotism and party affiliations, a fresh wave of corruption, mismanagement and inefficiencies reached dead level in public sector corporations. It is worth noting as how were these employees useful after a 12-year gap? These political appointees were recruited in a certain department back in 1994-96. For example, 2542 were reinstated in Sui Southern Gas Company Limited (SSGCL), and now the Company is suffering from over-staffing and mismanagement. These reinstated workers were neither professionally prepared nor were they in a position to perform their duties effectively. In total over three dozen government departments were affected by these reinstated employees. I have a suggestion for the government; it should remove all 8,000 political appointees in one go, get rid of the political appointees of the public sector corporations and you will not be required to privatize these entities. —Jacobabad

Smile and be happy! SARWAT AMIN RATTANI It is a common notion in our society that the events happening around us affect our lives, moods and emotions greatly. Thus a tension filled society will lead to our doom inevitably. While this might be correct to some point, there remains a loophole in the nature. In psychology we call it ‘Facial Feedback Hypothesis’ which explores the effect of facial expressions on our moods. To explain in layman’s terms, keep a smile for 10 seconds and you will feel refreshed and happy on the other hand frowning will only make you feel crappy. So if you want to feel upbeat and keep your body healthy only a little of ‘facial-effort’ needs to be made! The events happening around us might not be in our power at times but our moods, emotions and thus our future is. Do take full fledge advantage of it and keep smiling to be happy! —Karachi

Nawaz Sharif’s austerity drive S KHALID HUSAIN This refers to media reports which say that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif will travel in passenger planes. Does this mean an upgrading of the Prime Minister’s travel mode, from cargo planes to passenger planes? It cannot possibly be. It has to be a downgrading from luxury private planes to now fly with the common herd, in passenger planes. For the Sharifs, this will be same as changing from bulletproof SUV to a public bus, fortunately for them not a Karachi bus. This would save them from riding on roof of the bus. President Obama has chosen not to travel at all in the face of the financial crisis his country is faced with. Obama’s travel schedule to Far East has been cancelled. Nawaz Sharif’s travels cannot be cancelled

as he is on ‘higher’ mission than Obama. A minimum cost travel mode has been developed for Obama by a ‘university’ of no known location, but from which many of our Parliamentarians, Ministers, and others obtained their ‘degrees’ and ‘doctorates’. It is a ‘weight - based’ plan. It involves Obama being checked in at the DHL or other selected courier’s collection centre, where he is weighed, stamped on the forehead, tag tied to left ear, and dispatched to point of collection or delivery at designated address, anywhere in the world. The cost of couriering Obama will be very substantially below the cost of using private planes, and quite a bit below cost of using passenger planes. There is a problem though with the plan in Pakistan. It is strictly a weight-based plan, and the Obama/ Sharif weight disparity can make the plan not as cost-effective for Pakistan. On balance maybe the plan is best left where it is. —Karachi

Our energy crisis is manageable FAWAD FAROOQ ASHRAF Pakistan is facing some of the most serious socio-economic and national security challenges since its birth. Energy crisis is the biggest of all. It is multi-dimensional; both from inside and from outside. Inside, it is messed up with mismanagement, inaction and loyalty with hidden hands and the outside interference aims at giving Pakistan final blow. The problem starts from mismanagement of water. Our rivers are getting dried up because India has on its side built more than 25 big and small dams. We have not built dams to store the already available water in rivers. Kalabagh Dam is the biggest example which has been made controversial through self-created misperceptions. The successive governments are playing in the hands of the agents of the anti-Pakistan forces and hence we have failed to build reservoirs. It is sheer wastage of water resource which flows down in Arian Sea after causing havocs of floods in the country. We have one of the largest coal deposits in the world in Tharparkar Desert, but world powers are not letting the stooge governments to start work on this project. Imagine, how deep is the root of anti-Pakistan conspiracy. We have gas reserves which are fast depleting because of imprudent and undisciplined use. Our efforts to make agreements with neighbouring countries to import gas have always ended in smoke, under a well planned anti-Pakistan strategy. Similar is the case with power generation portfolios. The famous IPP projects, and neglect of the cheaper hydel power generation options, is a case of criminal maneuvering, rather a case high treason against Pakistan; but who bothers? Everyone is the victims of the shortage of energy. The nation is experiencing worst kind of load shedding. Causes of current energy crisis are enumerated as (a) aging of the equipment; (b) lack of high standard maintenance; (c) no replacement with latest generating system; (d) wastage of energy with lesser conservation steps; (e) high cost of fuel. IPPs are costing high. Corruption is rampant in Wapda & KESC. No serious work is done to explore the coal; No progress in renewable energy generation, which can be met from hydro and wind power sector; Inaction on part of government in investment, installing generating units, importing hi-tech equipment. The oil and gas reserves will be depleted in the second half of this current century. There are 929bn tons coal reserves available in the world whose 40% is used to produce the electricity. The third biggest coal reserve of 185bn ton exists in Pakistan which is equivalent to 400bn

barrels of oil, which are equivalent to Saudi Arabia and Iran’s combined oil reserves. As per research, $50 per barrel price gives the value of our coal reserve as high as $30trillion which goes to 187 times high as compared to current GDP of Pakistan. Our natural gas reserves are finishing rapidly so it is necessary that electricity should be produced by alternate means. —Via email

Interesting data of rapes by Indian troops ALYA ALVI The Indian-held J&K Home Ministry, the other day informed the state legislature that there were more cases of rapes and molestations of women registered against the security forces and the police than ordinary criminals or allegedly insurgents. The trend is exhibited by the statistics offered for both the Provinces of Kashmir & Jammu. The state government said it had registered 5,125 cases of rapes – 2,601 in Kashmir and 2,524 in Jammu, between 1989 and 2003. In the same period, 14,953 cases of molestations were registered in these Provinces. While the Indian security forces have 70 rape and 55 cases of molestations. Police has been found involved in 59 rape and 34 molestation cases. Conviction has taken place in only 579 cases. This is a big question mark for the authorities and the social scientists in India and a food for thought too. —Rawalpindi

Taxation ABDUL JABBAR The government employees are underpaid and taxed throughout their service and then receive a meager pension that does not support their living. Yet now their commutation and provident funds, which they invest in pensioners’ benefit schemes, have been brought under taxation through income support levy. This constitutes double taxation because income tax was deducted from them as it was being deducted at source during active service from the salary of the employees. Not only is such double taxation disallowed in most countries of the world but it is also an act of cruelty to the senile pensioners. As one of the writers has already pointed out in these columns, our present rulers, having stayed in the luxury of Saudi palaces for nine years, seem to have lost touch with harsh economic realities of the people of their homeland and thus no more possess the social welfare sense they once did. They have upgraded the taxation system to the level of advanced countries while our personal incomes match those of the poorest countries of the world. There is a dire need to take steps to drastically reduce government’s wasteful expenditures especially on the powerful but superfluous civil and security bureaucracies and Ministries through radical revision of the internal and external policies, instead of impoverishing the already down to bedrock population through usurious taxation. I appeal to the Government of Pakistan to withdraw all taxes from pension income and old age benefit schemes. —Muzaffargarh

DISCLAIMER THE articles, columns and letters are published on these pages in good faith. However, the contents of these writings may not necessarily match the views of the newspaper.


Iran resumes nuclear talks with six world powers G ENEVA —Iran resumed ne- for the first time, said a se- declared civilian atomic en- tents in today’s meeting be- changes. Diplomats said sce- jected U.N. Security Coungotiations with six world powers on Tuesday after a six-month hiatus, under pressure to propose scaling back its disputed nuclear program to win relief from crippling sanctions. The two-day meeting, the first since relative moderate Hassan Rouhani was elected Iran’s president on a platform to ease its international isolation, is seen as the best chance in years to defuse a long stand-off over Iran’s nuclear ambitions that has heightened the risk of a new Middle East war. In a possible sign of the Islamic Republic’s determination to engage meaningfully, the talks in Geneva were expected to be held in English

nior U.S. State Department official, who asked not to be named. On the eve of the talks, Washington held out the prospect of quick sanctions relief if Tehran moves swiftly to allay concerns about its nuclear program, although both countries said any deal would be complex and take time. Western diplomats said it remained unclear whether proposals for ending the dispute that Iran promised to put forward in the meeting would be sufficient to enable headway to be made. Western powers suspect Iran is trying to develop the means to make nuclear weapons behind the screen of a

ergy program. Tehran denies this but its refusal to curb sensitive nuclear activity or permit unfettered U.N. inspections has drawn tough international sanctions. “We definitely hope that the new momentum will translate into some concrete step forward,” a senior Western diplomat said ahead of the talks. But Iranian atomic energy chief Ali Akbar Salehi suggested this week’s talks may not get that specific. Asked whether Iran’s Fordow underground uranium enrichment site, which the big powers want shut, would be discussed, Salehi was quoted as saying by the Fars News Agency: “We do not expect to get into con-

cause the discussion will be on the generalities and I believe that the principles, timing and initiating the process will be considered.” The U.S. administration official said any potential sanctions relief would be “targeted, proportional to what Iran puts on the table”. “No one should expect a breakthrough overnight,” the official said on Monday, speaking on condition of anonymity. In a hint that Western powers are seriously considering relaxing sanctions in response to any Iranian concessions, leading U.S. and EU sanctions experts came to Geneva to offer help in weighing any potential

narios for potential relief had been drawn up ahead of the talks. Israel, widely assumed to be the Middle East’s only nuclear power, has warned the West not to scale back sanctions before Tehran has addressed concerns about its nuclear aspirations. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s security cabinet on Tuesday urged the powers to demand a full rollback of Iran’s atomic program. But the cabinet, whose deliberations are usually secret, did not repeat past veiled threats to attack Iran as a last resort to stop it developing a nuclear bomb. Since 2006, Iran has re-

cil demands that it halt uranium enrichment and has continued to expand its nuclear fuel program, leading to increasingly harsh sanctions. Hopes of a negotiated settlement of the dispute were raised last month when President Barack Obama and Rouhani spoke by telephone, the highest level U.S.-Iranian contact since Iran’s Islamic Revolution in 1979. Washington and Tehran have had no diplomatic relations since 1980. Rouhani said in New York last month he wanted a deal with the six world powers - the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany - within three to six months.—Reuters

Relations with Portugal ‘not well’: Dos L UANDA —Angola’s President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos said on Tuesday his country’s relationship with Portugal, its former colonial

ruler and one of its main trading partners, was “not well” and not conducive to the creation of a planned strategic partnership. Portugal is Angola’s main source of imports and Portuguese companies play a large role in banking and construction in the African country, while Angolan investors have snapped up large stakes in top Lisbon-listed

companies.“Only with Portugal, regrettably, are things not well,” Dos Santos told parliament. “There have appeared contradictions at the level of the leadership and the current political climate in the relationship does not advise the construction of the strategic partnership,” Dos Santos said. Tensions became apparent last month after Portugal’s foreign minister apologized for legal probes by Lisbon into business deals involving senior Angolan officials. Portuguese opposition parties have called for the minister to resign. Dos Santos also said his government had cut its economic growth estimate for 2013 to 5.1 percent from 7.1 percent due to a long drought, lower-than-ex- Syrian President Bashar Assad, centre, greets his supporters after he attended prayers on the first day of Eid alpected growth in the oil sec- Adha. tor, “bad management” of public debt and a weak global economy. Angola is Africa’s second-largest oil producer after Nigeria. Its economy grew 7.4 percent in 2012.—Reuters

Putin extends greetings to Muslims

Bomb at Myanmar hotel wounds American tourist YANGON —It was just before midnight when the crude timebomb exploded in the ninthfloor guest room in the luxurious Traders Hotel in Myanmar’s biggest city, badly wounding an American tourist and showering the streets below with glass. A police source told Reuters the explosion late on Monday was part of a coordinated series of bomb attacks across Myanmar by an “organized group”, targeting tourist haunts, a Buddhist temple and other public places. It was the seventh blast since Friday and was followed by two more explosions early on Tuesday. Soon after the bomb went off at the Traders in Yangon, another device exploded in the parking lot of the Shwe Pyitsone Hotel in Sagaing region and another at a pagoda, Sagaing police and a government official said. There were no casualties. The bomb attacks are the latest violence in a year that has seen the euphoria over democratic reforms give way to sectarian attacks that have spread across Myanmar, also known as Burma. Anti-Muslim unrest simmered under the military junta that ran the Buddhist-dominated country for nearly half a century. But the worst has occurred since the quasi-civilian government took power in March 2011. Police and diplomatic

sources, however, said it was not clear if the blasts were connected to religious unrest. “I think these blasts and aborted attempts were carried out by a systematically organized group,” said a police official in Yangon who declined to be identified because he is not authorized to speak to the media. “By the look of the devices they used, and the way they carried it out, they must have been trained in terrorist acts systematically.” He said devices found in Mandalay and Yangon recently were made in the same way, with hand-grenades. Police are already investigating the series of bombings that began on Friday, when an explosion killed two people in a guesthouse in the town of Taungoo, about 55 km (35 miles) from the capital, Naypyitaw.There are few hotels with as much symbolic significance in Yangon as the 22storey, 334-room Traders, owned by billionaire Robert Kuok’s Shangri-La Asia Ltd. It is a hive of activity; businessmen, journalists, tourists and aid workers mingle in its lobby. Until this year, several U.N. agencies had offices there. According to a Reuters witness and police, the bomb in the Traders appeared to go off in the bathroom in a room overlooking Sule Pagoda road, a main thoroughfare.—Reuters


life of Russia’s Muslim community is actively developing, enriched with new and important initiatives in the field of culture,

education and nurturing of the rising generation, President Vladimir Putin said in a message of congratulation marking the great Muslim holiday of Kurban Bayram - the Feast of Sacrifice - on Tuesday. “This festival, marking the end of pilgrimage to Islamic holy shrines, is an integral part of our multinational state’s rich religious heritage and has a deep moral significance edifying people’s faith and spirit,” the president’s message said. “The feast reminds us that Islamic traditions are based on timeless values like kindness and justice, mercy and beneficence.” Increasing attention was being directed at strengthening co-operation with the state and enhancing dialogue between those of the Islamic faith and followers of other traditional Russian religions, Putin said in greeting the four days of Kurban Bayram, one of the two main religious—Itartass

Syria fighting rages despite major Muslim holiday

B EIRUT —Syrian warplanes bombed several rebel-held areas Tuesday and opposition fighters fired mortar rounds and homemade rockets at Damascus at the start of a major Muslim holiday, activists said. The fighting during Eid al-Adha, or the Feast of Sacrifice, showed how entrenched both sides have become in Syria’s civil war, now in its third year. Previously, combatants occasionally attempted to observe holiday cease-fires. The Syrian conflict, which began as a largely peaceful uprising against President Bashar Assad in March 2011, has claimed more than 100,000 lives and displaced millions of Syrians. The land is now a patchwork of rebel- and re-

gime-controlled areas, with front-lines crisscrossing the country. On Monday, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said the Syrian regime and the exile-based political opposition must try to meet a midNovember target date for launching talks on a political transition. However, there is no clear path toward such negotiations, and the main Western-backed opposition group hasn’t decided whether to attend. In Tuesday’s fighting, rebels fired mortar rounds and homemade rockets at three Damascus neighborhoods, said the Britainbased Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which gathers information from activists on the ground.

would be made later Tuesday. That decision will follow meetings earlier in the day with the Greens, another possible coalition partner. After all talks are completed, the Conservatives, led by Chancellor Merkel, will decide which party to work with in a bid to form a coalition. That decision is expected by the end of the week. View gallery.”German Chancellor Angela Merkel, CDU (2nd R), gestures … German Chancellor Angela Merkel, CDU (2nd R), gestures

The threat of nuclear war? North Korea or the United States MICHEL CHOSSUDOVSKY


HILE the Western media portrays North Korea’s nuclear weapons program as a threat to Global Security, it fails to acknowledge that the US has being threatening North Korea with a nuclear attack for more than half a century. On July 27, 2013, Armistice Day, Koreans in the North and the South will be commemorating the end of the Korean war (1950-53). Unknown to the broader public, the US had envisaged the use of

nuclear weapons against North Korea at the very outset of the Korean War in 1950. In the immediate wake of the war, the US deployed nuclear weapons in South Korea for use on a preemptive basis against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) in violation of the July 1953 Armistice Agreement. The Hiroshima doctrine applied to North Korea US nuclear doctrine pertaining to Korea was established following the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, which were largely directed against civilians. The strategic objective

of a nuclear attack under the “Hiroshima doctrine” was to trigger a “massive casualty producing event” resulting in tens of thousands of deaths. The objective was to terrorize an entire nation, as a means of military conquest. Military targets were not the main objective: the notion of “collateral damage” was used as a justification for the mass killing of civilians, under the official pretence that Hiroshima was “a military base” and that civilians were not the target. “We have discovered the most terrible bomb in the history of the world. ...

This weapon is to be used against Japan … [We] will use it so that military objectives and soldiers and sailors are the target and not women and children. Even if the Japs are savages, ruthless, merciless and fanatic, we as the leader of the world for the common welfare cannot drop that terrible bomb on the old capital or the new. … The target will be a purely military one… It seems to be the most terrible thing ever discovered, but it can be made the most useful.” (President Harry S. Truman, Diary, July 25, 1945) “The World will note that the first atomic bomb

was dropped on Hiroshima a military base. That was because we wished in this first attack to avoid, insofar as possible, the killing of civilians..” (President Harry S. Truman in a radio speech to the Nation, August 9, 1945). Note: the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945; the Second on Nagasaki, on August 9, on the same day as Truman’s radio speech to the Nation. Nobody within the upper echelons of the US government and military believed that Hiroshima was a military base, Truman was lying to himself and to the



UST as the Horn of Africa is witnessing the slow resto ration of one collapsed state - after more than two de cades of anarchic conditions in Somalia - it may be facing the collapse of another. The small country of Eritrea, only 20 years after gaining independence from Ethiopia, has emerged as one of the largest sources of refugees in Africa - as well as one of the most militarised societies in the world. It is increasingly displaying signs of withering state structures and an unsustainable humanitarian situation. Although Eritrea is sometimes referred to as the North Korea of Africa, a more appropriate point of comparison may be Somalia and its descent into civil war. The already fragile security conditions in Eritrea’s neighbouring states means that its collapse could have major implications for regional stability. The Eritrean state has, since a 1998 border war with Ethiopia, been caught in a negative spiral of autocracy and deteriorating conditions. President Isaias Afewerki the only leader this young nation has known - used the threat posed by Ethiopia as a pretext to eliminate all domestic opposition and indefinitely defer implementing the constitution and holding elections. Meanwhile, Eritrean society has been almost totally militarised. An indefinite, compulsory and universal military conscription policy applies to most of Eritrea’s adult population. Its army is now one of the largest on the continent, and has the highest number of military personnel per capita in the world next to North Korea. In 2011, Afewerki took the additional step of arming a large section of the civilian population believed to be loyal to his party, the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice. Although huge amounts of resources have been devoted to Eritrea’s military, the institution appears to be split by personal and group rivalries, both within the leadership and between the rank-and-file and the leadership. Political power is very much personalised in contemporary Eritrea, and remains largely in the hands of the president and a handful of military generals, who are rivalling and contesting each other over power, influence and control over financial resources. The increasing number of political and military defections is another symptom of what looks to be Eritrea’s crumbling state apparatus. This includes former Information Minister Ali Abdu, believed to be the president’s righthand man; tens of thousands of soldiers who have sought political asylum in neighbouring Sudan and Ethiopia; and the very embarrassing case of two military pilots who defected to Saudi Arabia with the president’s private jet, who were also later followed by a third pilot in April 2013, sent by the government to retrieve the plane. Other defectors include members of Eritrea’s Olympics team at the London Games in 2012, 13 players on an Eritrean football team, and artist Michael Adonai. The growing frustration among army officers manifested itself this January with a revolt led by a colonel and members of his brigade. Their desperate actions - they occupied the Information Ministry and forced the director of the national TV station to read their demands for political reform on air - further demonstrated the emerging cracks within Afewerki’s regime. Reliable data on the size of Eritrea’s population is hard to come by, but estimates range between 3 and 4 million people. Of these, several hundred thousand have fled over the last decade, and the United Nations’ Special Rapporteur on Eritrea reported earlier this year that the number of people fleeing every month has now reached 4,000. While the regime is in denial of the deteriorating conditions, Eritreans are voting en masse with their feet. The vast majority of the refugees are young males, and hence a significant portion of Eritrea’s productive workforce have either fled the country or find themselves indefinitely conscripted in the military. Many of the refugees are trafficked out of the country through Egypt’s Sinai desert, where they can be kidnapped, tortured, and their families in the West extorted for ransom money by regional criminal networks. —Courtesy Aljazeera

An amateur video distributed by the group shows three rockets being fired, trailed by smoke, and the narrator saying the target is Damascus. Rebels routinely fire mortar shells at governmentheld areas of the Syrian capital. On Monday evening, a motorcycle packed with explosives blew up in the government-controlled Damascus area of al-Mazzeh, wounding 10 people. It said the blast damaged several cars. Also Tuesday, regime warplanes bombed RAMZY BAROUD targets in the village of Latamneh in the northern ENS of thousands of Yemenis took to the streets of Hama province, the ObserEden in the south of the country, mostly demanding vatory said. Three children secession from the north. The date is significant, for were killed and several people were wounded, the it marks the 1967 independence of South Yemen, ending several decades of British colonialism. But for nearly five group said.—Sana decades since then, Yemen is yet to find political stability, a semblance of economic prosperity, and, most importantly, settle the question of its national identity. It has been two years and nine months since a large protest has occurred in the Yemeni capital. Sanaa initiated what was quickly named the Yemeni revolution and ignited media frenzy that Yemen had officially joined the so-called Arab Spring. Seeing Yemen as a member of the “Arab Spring” during a meeting with Social club, as opposed to appreciating the Arab country’s own Democratic Party. If, as ap- unique historical and political circumstances, was a media pears most likely, the CDU shortcut that failed to explain the vast majority of events chooses the Social Democrats that followed the Yemeni youth early protests on Jan. 27, as their preferred partner the 2011. latter will decide at a meeting One of the most significant dates of the massive proof some 200 delegates on Sun- tests against the 33-year rule of now deposed President Ali day whether to accept the of- Abdullah Saleh and his family’s strong hold over state fer of coalition negotiations. A institutions was Feb. 3. It was then that both Sanaa and recent poll showed two-thirds Eden stood united under one banner. It was a momentous of Germans would favour a day because both cities once served as capitals of two left-right ‘grand coalition’ be- warring countries. The youth of Yemen were able to fleettween the two big parties, ingly bridge a gap that neither politicians nor army generMerkel’s conservatives and als managed to close despite several agreements and years the centre-left Social Demo- of bloody conflicts. But that collective triumph of the crats.—AFP Yemeni people was only felt on the streets of the country, overwhelmed by poverty and destitution, but also compelled by hope. That sentiment was never truly translated to a clear political victory, even after Saleh was deposed in February 2012. Since then a National Dialogue Conference (NDC) was convened with representations from various political parAmerican public. To this day the use of ties, major tribes, youth movements and delegates reprenuclear weapons against senting south and north. Its job was to usher in the proJapan is justified as a nec- cess of drafting a constitution by organizing a referendum essary cost for bringing and general elections. Sept. 18, 2013 was recognized as a the war to an end and ulti- deadline for these major tasks to be accomplished, but that date slipped away. Even worse, deep divisions began showmately “saving lives”. US nuclear weapons ing between all parties involved. Initially, the dialogue atstockpiled and deployed tempted to explore commonalities between delegates repin South Korea Barely a resenting the ruling General People’s Congress (GPC) and few years after the end of the Joint Meeting Parties (JMP), representing the opposithe Korean War, the US tion. However, conflict soon ensued between members of initiated its deployment of the JMP themselves. JMP is made of several opposition parties, including nuclear warheads in South the conservative Yemeni Congregation for Reform (Islah) Korea. This deployment in whose core supporters are based in the north, and the Uijongbu and Anyang-Ni secularist Yemeni Socialist Party (YSP), based in the south. had been envisaged as These two parties hail from entirely different ideological schools of thought, and were not always united by their early as 1956. wish to defeat Saleh’s ruling GPC. There was a time in which Courtesy Russia To- the Islah, seen as Yemen’s branch of the Muslim Brotherhood, allied with Saleh to defeat socialists. day —Courtesy Arabnews

Merkel set for third round of talks with Social Democrats BERLIN—German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Conservatives announced that they plan to hold a third round of talks with the Social Democrats (SPD) on Thursday about the possibility of forming a coalition government. After eight hours of closed-door discussions in Berlin between representatives of Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the SPD, CDU secretary general Hermann Groehe said a formal decision on more talks

Is the Horn of Africa facing another collapsing state?

Yemen teeters between hope and division


PM Cameron, other British leaders send Eid greeting

Adhoc committee to elect new chairman


Amir was banned for five years for spot-fixing by the anticorruption tribunal of the ICC in early 2011 and later also served a jail sentence in the United Kingdom after being found guilty by a crown court. His team-mates Salman Butt and Mohammad Asif were also given minimum five year bans by the ICC for spot-fixing in the fourth Test against England at Lord’s in 2010. A source in the board said the PTI that the PCB was hopeful that it would be able to convince the ICC to allow the young left-armer to resume training at the National Cricket Academy in Lahore under the supervision of the national coaches. “The PCB has hired a law firm in London to look into Amir’s case and prepare a report which has now been sent to the ICC for consideration and discussion at the board meeting,” the source said.—Online

I SLAMABAD —The Brtitish Prime Minister David Cameron, Foreeign Secretary William Haque and Senior Foreign Office Minister Baroness Warsi have sent Eid greetings to the Muslims. In message the British prime minister said: “I commend Britain’s near three million Muslims for their charity, their self-sacrifice and their devotion to God. I believe that our country is a much stronger one because we have people of faith and belief. Britain’s Muslims, Christians, Jews, Sikhs and Hindus; their institutions and their values help give us that strength. The British Foreign Secretary in his message said: “I would like to express my best wishes to Muslims across the world as they and their families gather to celebrate Eid al-Adha. This celebration marks the completion of the Hajj pilgrimage to Makkah, one of the pillars of the Muslim faith. It is a cause of celebration for Muslims here in the UK, and indeed in every part of the world.” Baroness Warsi said: “During this holy time we can all relate to the values of peace, compassion and giving – values that are common to us all, regardless of faith or background and which can serve to unite our communities.”

Eidul Azha prayer held at Pak embassy’s mosque in Beijing BEIJING —A big Eidul Azha congregation was held at the Pakistan Embassy mosque in Beijing, China on Tuesday. A large number of members of the Pakistani community including students, businessmen, officials, bankers as well as diplomats from various Islamic countries also offered Eid prayer. On the occasion, special prayers were offered for economic development, progress, integrity and solidarity of Pakistan. Millions of Muslims across China also celebrated Eidul Azha. Early on Tuesday morning, Muslims from northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Regions and other areas wore festive outfits and attended mosques, reports Xinhua news agency. The Festival features family gatherings with lamb as the main dish. The local governments of Ningxia and Xinjiang have extended the holiday and exempted vehicles with fewer than seven seats from expressway toll fares to allow Muslims more time to attend religious rituals and visit relatives. Geng Yulan, who made pilgrimage to Mecca in 2006, said her family have made good use of the five day break. “Our children are usually trapped by work, but they can always make time to visit during the Eid Azha Festival,” Geng said.—Online

Shaukat Aziz, others made respondents From Back Page Ghazi Abdul Rashid and his mother even one and a half month after registration of case against him and used dilatory tactics deliberately. Pervez Musharraf was arrested in murder case of Ghazi Abdul Rashid but federal policed was trying its best to facilitate former president to flee from the country. Perhaps federal government may have sent directives to the federal police that Pervez Musharraf has to be saved at every cost. Chief minister Punjab Shahbaz Sharif has settled the matters with Saudi ambassador to give safe passage to Pervez Musharraf. As per directives of SP Jamil Hashmi we along with Haroon ur Rashid Ghazi reached Aabpara police station to record our statement On October, 14, 2013 against Pervez Musharraf in Lal Masjid operation case, the police man deployed on main gate of police station did not allow us to enter therein. SHO Aabpara moved out of the police station instead of recording out statement, he said. —Online

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PESHAWAR: Afghan refugees and tribesmen exchanging Eid greetings after Eidul Azha prayers at Kacha Garhi on Tuesday.

Senate leaders nearing US debt deal, raise debt limit pendents — to the cost of health insurance next year. Republicans derided the proposal as a special favor to organized labor. Meanwhile, Democrats were resisting a GOP demand to deny Treasury Secretary Jack Lew the use of special measures to extend his borrowing power past Feb. 7. That would give Congress a firm deadline for the next debt-limit increase, with no wiggle room for Treasury Department accountants. Despite those points of contention, Senate Majority Leader Harry M. Reid (D-Nev.) and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) appeared confident that they had developed a framework that could win the approval of Congress and spare the country from a first-ever default on the national debt.

From Page 1 Meanwhile, the partial shutdown of the US government has forced the furlough of more than 800,000 federal workers, including 97 percent of NASA staff, but two space agency employees are finding ways to keep busy in their orbital office. NASA astronauts Mike Hopkins and Karen Nyberg remain in orbit aboard the International Space Station. With NASA’s website inactive due to the shutdown, which began Oct 1, the pair have been keeping in touch with the world via Twitter. “Have you ever watched the clouds go by and let your imagination see different shapes? It works from space as well,” Hopkins tweeted. The millions worldwide who passionately follow space

exploration have found a way to break through NASA’s silence: a Twitter feed and Facebook are carrying news updates gathered from different sources. Bill Dunford, a Salt Lake City resident who works at a software company, created the hashtag Major telescopes in New Mexico and West Virginia suspended their activities Oct 4, while the administration of the giant radiotelescope in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, made plans to furlough all employees in mid-October if the shutdown persists. NASA temporarily postponed preparations for the launch of the Mars probe Maven, and if the delay extends past mid-December, it will miss the current liftoff window and will have to wait until 2016 for a favourable alignment of the planets.—Agencies

93 dead as quake hits Philippines tourist islands The town lies across a strait about 60 kilometres from Cebu. Cebu, with a population of 2.5 million people, is the political, economic, educational and cultural centre of the central Philippines. It hosts the country’s busiest port and the largest airport outside of the capital Manila. It also has a major ship building industry. A university, a school and two shopping malls, public markets and many small buildings sustained damage in the quake. Three of the people who died in Cebu were crushed to death in a stampede at a sports complex, where poor people had gathered to collect regular government cash handouts, according to the provincial disaster council chief, Neil Sanchez. “There was panic when the quake happened and there was a rush toward the exit,” Sanchez told AFP. He said two other people were killed when part of a school collapsed on a car they had parked in, while four others died at a fish market that crumbled. The Philippines’ oldest

From Page 1 church, Cebu’s Basilica Minore del Santo Nino, was badly damaged, according to Balido, the civil defence spokesman. It was first built in the 1500s by Spanish colonisers, although its current stone structure dates back to the 1700s. A church on Bohol that was first built in the early 1600s also collapsed, according to Robert Michael Poole, a British tourist who was visiting the area. “It’s absolutely devastated... the entire front of the church has collapsed onto the street,” Poole told AFP by telephone. However he said there was nobody in the church at the time of the quake. Aside from its beaches, Bohol is famous for its more than 1,000 small limestone “Chocolate Hills” that turn brown during the dry season. One of the main tourist venues there, the Chocolate Hills Complex, was severely damaged and may be beyond repair, according to Delapan Ingleterra, head of a local tourist police unit. “There are huge cracks in the hotel and there was a col-

lapse of the view deck on the second floor,” Ingleterra told AFP, adding that no-one was injured at the complex. There were no reports of foreign tourists being killed anywhere in the disaster zone. Tuesday’s quake was followed by at least four aftershocks measuring more than 5.0 in magnitude. The epicentre was 629 kilometres from Manila. The Philippines lies on the so-called Ring of Fire, a vast Pacific Ocean region where many of Earth’s earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur. More than 100 people were left dead or missing in February last year after an earthquake struck on Negros island, about 100 kilometres from the epicentre of Tuesday’s quake. The deadliest recorded natural disaster in the Philippines occurred in 1976, when a tsunami triggered by a magnitude 7.9 earthquake devastated the Moro Gulf on the southern island of Mindanao. Between 5,000 and 8,000 people were killed, according to official estimates.—AFP

Mosque blast kills Afghan governor From Page 1 remained in critical conditions. Security was beefed up across the country as the warweary Afghans celebrates the biggest Islamic festival of the Eid al-Adah with four day holidays since Monday. Sixteen injured, some of them in critical condition, were brought to the hospital, a doctor on duty at the civil hospital, Samiullah said. One of the prayers said on condition of anonymity that, Mauvli Siddique, the spokesman of provincial peace council, was also killed in the detonation. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack but the Taliban insurgent group was likely behind such attacks. Logar police say the same mosque had been swept on Tuesday and two Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were found and disabled. The assassination comes just a week after Latifullah

Mehsud, a close aide of Hakeemullah Mehsud, the leader of Pakistani Taliban was arrested by U.S. forces in Mohammad Agha district of Logar. Mehsud was accused of involvement in a number of terrorist attacks in Pakistan and Afghanistan, but also the bombing plot targeting Times Square in New York City in 2010. Logar is considered one of the more restive provinces in Afghanistan, being a focal point of Taliban operations and clashes between insurgents and Afghan security forces recently. The opening of a number of the province’s voter registration centers for next spring’s Presidential and Provincial elections was delayed on account of security concerns over the summer. Tuesday morning’s incident bears startling resemblance to the 2010 Taliban assassination of Kunduz Governor

Mohammad Omar, the last time a provincial governor was killed in Afghanistan, which also occured in the month of October when a bomb was detonated inside of a mosque. The Taliban, who ruled the country before they were ousted by a U.S.-led invasion in late 2001, renewed armed insurgency, staging ambush and suicide attacks, killing combatants as well as civilians. Recently, Afghan officials and pro-government figures have been repeatedly targeted by the Taliban. Over a dozen Afghan officials had been killed since Sept. 1 this year in targeted killings in the war-hit country. The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan recently reported that over 1,310 Afghan civilians were killed and more than 2,500 wounded in acts of terrorism and violence in the first half of the year, a 23 percent rise in overall civilian casualties compared with last year.—NNI

Eidul Azha From Page 1 complaints of exorbitant prices that had forced many to return home empty-handed. Customers move from one shop to another in search of a cheaper price as the prices of cloths are fourfold this season owing to sharp depreciation of the Syrian pound in this war-torn country. Eid-ul-Azha will be celebrated in Pakistan on Wednesday. However, Eid-ul-Azha was celebrated Tuesday in some parts of tribal areas.—NNI

Eidul Azha today From Page 1 camel according to their purchasing power on any of the three days of Eid. People this year have suffered a lot due to the mounting prices of the sacrificial animals. Special security arrangements have been put in place all over the country including Islamabad to avert any untoward incident. Security has been beefed up in all mosques, Imambargahs, sensitive sites and highways while aerial surveillance will be conducted in different areas. The interior ministry has set up monitoring cell to monitor security situation and deal with emergency situation. This cell will remain in constant contact wit the provinces. On the other side 8 cities of Punjab including Dera Ghazi Khan are likely to face terror threat on the eve of Eid ul Azha. Certain cities including Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multan, Bahawalpur, Bhakkar and DG Khan have been declared highly sensitive areas in the wake of growing incidents of terrorism. Directives have been issued to RPOs and DPOs of these districts to ensure fool proof security arrangements in their respective districts. Security has been tightened throughout Sindh including Karachi. Orders have also been issued for making fool proof security arrangements in different districts of Balochistan. Security has been stepped up in all the districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. In the tribal areas of the country Eid was celebrated on Tuesday while Afghan nationals also offered Eid prayers on Tuesday and sacrificed animals.—Online

India summons From Page 1 that “India condemns the incident of indiscriminately firing on unarmed Indian fishermen by a vessel of the Pakistan Maritime Security Agency near Indo- Pakistan international maritime boundary line on Oct. 11, 2013,” a ministry statement said. The firing led to the death of Indian fisherman, the statement said. The ministry added: “The Pakistani deputy high commissioner was informed that it was matter of great concern that an incident of this nature had taken place amidst the stated desire by Pakistan for peaceful, friendly and cooperative ties with India. We have asked Pakistan that the incident be thoroughly investigated and its results be shared at an early date.” The Indian fisherman hailing from the western state of Gujarat, Naran Bhai Sosa, was killed in the shooting incident while 30 others were allegedly kidnapped by the Pakistan Maritime Security Agency off Jakhau coast.—NNI

Hajis stone devil in final ritual From Page 1 began the ritual early in the morning but the number quickly swelled as the day progressed. The stoning rituals continue until Friday but pilgrims in a hurry can complete it a day early. The ritual is an emulation of Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) stoning of the devil at three spots where he is said to have appeared trying to dissuade the biblical patriarch from obeying God’s order to sacrifice his son, Hazrat Ishmael (A.S). After flocking to Mount Arafat on Monday for prayers and reflection, pilgrims travelled on to nearby Muzdalifa to collect stones and to stay the night. Early Tuesday they continued to Mina in groups, with leaders carrying their countries’ flags and banners. The stoning of the devil used to mark the most dangerous phase of Hajj for Saudi authorities as it was marred by deadly stampedes in the past as well as fires in tent camps. In past years, however, tents

have been fire-proofed while gas canisters and cooking are banned in the camps. The stoning area has been expanded to avoid overcrowding. Saudi Arabia this year slashed the numbers of pilgrims from abroad by 21 percent and reduced the number of permits for domestic pilgrims by more than half. The kingdom cut the quotas over fears of infections from the MERS respiratory virus and because of massive projects to expand the capacity of the Grand Mosque in Makkah.—Online

FC gets police powers From Page 1 one month to Frontier Corps. Sources said the police powers have been granted to FC owing to deteriorating law and order in the province. According to the notification issued here, the FC will enjoy police power till November 16.—INP

President‚ world leaders discuss challenges confronting Muslim Ummah MAKKAH—President Mamnoon Hussain has had a meeting with world leaders during Hajj in Saudi Arabia. He met with President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbaye‚ Jordanian Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour‚ and Governor Tabook Prince Fahad bin Sultan and discussed matters of bilateral interests. The challenges confronting the Muslim countries were also discussed.—NNI

Afghan refugees celebrate Eid Observer Report PESHAWAR—Afghan refugees in tribal areas and several districts of Khyber Pukhtunkhaw including parts of the provincial capital city here observed Eidu-ulAzha on Tuesday. Sources said that the Afghan refugees offered Eid-ul-Azha prayers at five open places in the city here and specially prayed for the security and safety of the country on this occasion. While Eid-ul-Azha prayers were also offered in Abbotabad, Mardan, Bannu and other districts of KP besides Mohmand Agency, Khyber Agency and other tribal areas, where in observance of the Sunnat-e-Ibrahimi Afghan refugees slaughtered sacrificial animals.

HRCP: 2,000 men missing ISLAMABAD—The independent Human Rights Commission of Pakistan says some 2,000 men from the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region are missing after military operations there. The Pakistani rights organization made the statement on Tuesday, a day after women in Swat held a protest demanding to know the fate of nearly 6,000 men from their area who they say have been missing since a military operation in 2009, according to RFE/ RL’s Radio Mashaal. The women blamed the military for the disappearance of the men and called on authorities to provide them with more information. Pakistani military officials have admitted that some men are missing in Swat but said the figures cited by the protesters are too high.—Online

LEAs arrest killer of MLO Qatar Hospital KARACHI—Personnel of police and the rangers conducted a joint sting operation in the metropolis area of Pirabad and arrested an alleged target killer involved in the killings of over 12 people including medico-legal officer of Qatar Hospital on Tuesday. SSP West Irfan Baloch said the assassin Shakeel Haddi belongs to a political party, adding the miscreant confessed to having killed over 12 people including Irfan Qureshi, MLO of Qatar Hospital during interrogations.The police officials revealed Qureshi was murdered at the behest of a security guard, who has been arrested. It should be mentioned here that the doctor was assassinated in a gun attack at his private clinic located in Orangi Town-1.—Online

Mild quake hits Karachi K ARACHI —Earth quake of mild intensity was felt in Karachi and several other adjoining areas between and Monday and Tuesday night. According to Meteorological Department, the jolts were measured 4.6 at Richter scale. The epicenter was located 39 kilometers to the north of Karachi at the depth of ten kilometers, added the met office.—INP

NAB Special Committee seeks details of high profile cases ISLAMABAD—Special committee of National Accountability Bureau (NAB) has sought the details of all cases filed against former senior officers and others. Chairman NAB Qamar Zaman Chaudhry constituted this special committee under deputy chairman to early dispose off the delayed high profile cases and now committee has started its work. Sources said, committee will view these cases in terms and after that will present its recommendations to chairman NAB.As per spokesperson NAB, special committee is comprised Additional Prosecutor General, Director General (DG) Operations and two other DGs. Committee will set out the cases, which have been delayed for last 3 years. Gs of regional directorate have been also directed to conclude the cases early.—Online

Sri Lanka detains 37 Indian fishermen COLOMBO—The Sri Lankan navy arrested 37 Indian fishermen for poaching in Sri Lankan waters, a navy spokesman said on Tuesday. Navy spokesman Kosala Warnakulasuriya has said that the fishermen had been arrested overnight after they crossed the international maritime boundary line in the northern seas. A group of 22 fishermen were arrested and their boats seized off Thalaimannar in the north while another group of 15 Indian fishermen were arrested off the Delft Islands, also in the north. The navy spokesman said the fishermen will be brought shore and handed over to the police for further investigations. The issue of fishermen from both countries crossing the maritime boundary line illegally has been a contentious problem for India and Sri Lanka.Indian fishermen often accuse the Sri Lankan navy of attacking them when they enter Sri Lankan waters, a charge the Sri Lankan navy denies.—NNI

Shaukat Aziz, others made respondents Lal Masjid operation case ISLAMABAD—Shuhada Foundation (SF) has announced to make former Prime Minister (PM) Shaukat Aziz, former interior minister Aftab Ahmad Khan Sherpao, former defence minister and secretaries respondents in the case registered against Pervez Musharraf with reference to Lal Masjid operation. SF spokesman Hafiz Ehtesham Ahmad has said in a statement that Haroon ur Rashid son of Abdul Rashid Ghazi will nominate these persons as accused in his statement and the SF has also given an application to IG Police Islamabad for preventing former president from proceeding abroad and non cooperation on the part of police. Talking to Online Hafiz Ehtesham voiced apprehension that police was working in favor of Pervez Musharraf and it will provide former president a full fledged opportunity in connection with acceptance of his bail plea. Police is not ready to ascertain any evidence from us, he added. Bloody operation was launched against Lal Masjid and the largest religious Madrissah of girls students in the world, Jamia Hafsa on July 3-10 during 2007

under the orders of Pervez Musharraf. Hundreds of students of the seminary, Abdul Rashid Ghazi and his elderly mother were martyred in the operation. Dead bodies of hundreds of girls students were defiled as phosphorous bombs were dropped on them and faces of the martyrs were charred by throwing acid on them. Bodies of hundreds of girl students and mother of Abdul Rashid Ghazi were taken away from the site Over 40000 copies of the Holy Quran and Hadith were torched in the operation and later they were thrown in the nullah. Justice Noor ul Haq Qureshi of Islamabad High Court in clear terms gave order for registration of case against Pervez Musharraf on July, 12, 2013 on the application filed by Haroon ur Rashid Ghazi but no case was registered till 50 days. SHO Aabpara police registered case against Pervez Musharraf under section 302 and 109 due to filing of contempt of court application by Haroon ur Rashid Ghazi against the police. Federal police did not initiate investigation against Pervez Musharraf in murder case of

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Three bombs found near mosque OUR CORRESPONDENT KARACHI—Three bombs were found near Jamia mosque in Ahsanabad on Tuesday. The grenade bombs recovered could be fired from a gun or thrown by hand. The Bomb Disposal Squad (BDS) took the bombs to a nearby police station where they were diffused. One of the bombs was around six inches long while one

of the others was 12 inches in length. Two of the bombs were around 1.5-2 inches thick. The bombs were hidden in bushes a few streets away from the mosque. A trash collector spotted them and alerted authorities, after which the BDS was called.Rangers arrived at the scene after the BDS had taken the bombs to the police station, but no search operation was carried out.

India claims to arrest 2 Pakistanis crossing border S RINAGAR —Army troops guarding the Line of Control in Tangdhar sector on Tuesday claimed to have arrested two armed Pakistani terrorists, who were trying to cross the fence. According to the Army sources, the two men were infiltrating into the Indian Occupied Territory in the Tangdhar sector on the evening of October 12 when they were Apprehended.. “One pistol, two magazines, ammunition and identity cards issued by Pakistan occupied Kashmir were among the various items recovered from the terrorists.

The arrested militants were handed over to local police,” PRO Defence in Srinagar told Mirror. A fresh incident of ceasefire violation by Pakistani troops has been claimed by India, in the Bhimber Gali sector in Jammu and Kashmir’s Rajouri district. According to the Army sources, unprovoked firing by Pakistan army using small arms started early morning Tuesday and was continuing intermittently. The Indian Army has returned the fire. No casualties are reported so far.—INP

Turkey angers US by offering helicopters to Pakistan ANKARA—Turkey is aggressively lobbying to give T-129 attack helicopters to Pakistan to replace its aging AH-1F fleet and is prepared to agree to generous terms with cash-strapped Pakistan to do so, according to Turkish media reports The T-129 attack helicopter is a coproduction of the Turkish aerospace industries and a European consortium. However, the U.S. could sink the deal and make a counteroffer of helicopter gunships to Pakistan that could be too good to refuse. According to Defense News, Turkey made its latest push during Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s Sept. 16-18 visit to Turkey for the Third High Level Cooperation Council meeting. Sharif was given a demonstration of the T-

129’s capabilities and a potential deal was discussed. Turkish officials confirmed talks have “matured to a certain extent,” and Turkey remains committed to any possible deal, not only for financial benefits but also potential strategic gains. “We see that both countries are keen to cooperate,” said one senior procurement official in Ankara. “We have a longer-term vision over any deal. We do not aim to win just one foreign contract but also view spillover benefits for the local industry. The Pakistani market may win international recognition for the T129 and pave the way for future contracts.” A U.S. industry source in Ankara said a U.S. export license for the T-129’s engine would be critical. “This may require complex deliberations in

Washington, involving many industrial and political parameters,” he said. Nevertheless, Turkey hopes the T-129 will be an export success. In remarks carried by Turkish daily Today’s Zaman, Turkey’s procurement chief, Murad Bayar, said Sept. 23 that the T-129 attack helicopter “had strong export potential.” The T-129 has been going through acceptance tests before deliveries for the Turkish military. Officials expect the first delivery to be made within the next few weeks. “We may complete the delivery of the first nine helicopters by the end of the year,” Bayar said. “After these helicopters make their way into the Turkish inventory, I believe they will have strong chances for export.”—Online

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif chairing a high level meeting on Tuesday.

India books 35 on US registered ship NEW DELHI—Indian authorities said Tuesday they have booked some 35 people, including several foreign nationals, on board a U.S.-registered ship which was detained at a port in the southern state of Tamil Nadu three days back.“A case under the Arms Act has been registered against the 35 people.—NNI

China to give Pakistan two more nuclear reactors, India protests NEW DELHI—China is well on track to firm up the sale of two more nuclear reactors to Pakistan, raising serious concern in India which has conveyed its objections at both the political and official levels in China, as well as the Nuclear Suppliers Group in the last few months.

The deal in question will constitute the first foreign sale of China’s indigenous 1,100 MW nuclear reactor series called ACP 1000 which is set to be a major technological advance for Beijing, according to The Financial Express.The project, which is to be located off Karachi

(KANNUP 2 and 3), is valued at about $9.6 billion. Although there has been talk of this in the past year, concern levels rose in new Delhi after reports that the China National Nuclear Corporation Ltd had signed some initial commercial contracts with Pakistani authorities.—Online

Honey memory boost too sweet to be true?


DAILY spoonful of Malaysian honey may boost postmenopausal women‘s memory, researchers say in a new report that aims to provide an “alternative therapy” for hormone-related intellectual decline. In the study, 102 healthy women were randomly assigned to eat 20 grams of honey a day, take hormonereplacement therapy containing estrogen and progesterone or do nothing. After four months, those who took honey or hormone pills recalled about one extra word out of 15 presented on a short-term memory test. “The immediate memory improvement in the honey group is probably best explained by improvement in concentration and overall well-being after honey supplement,” Dr. Zahiruddin Othman and colleagues from Universiti Sains Malaysia in Kubang Kerian write in the journal Menopause. The new work is part of a slew of studies from the researchers, who say the honey — from the tropical tualang tree — has beneficial effects on anything from scars, to bones, to female reproductive organs and even cancer cells. And now memory has been added to the list. But women shouldn‘t get excited just yet, warn U.S. experts, who shot down the new results. “This is not a scientifically rigorous study,” said Dr. Natalie L. Rasgon of the

Stanford School of Medicine, who has led government-funded studies on estrogen and cognitive decline in women. One criticism, she told Reuters Health, is that the study was small and didn‘t last long. What‘s more, she worried that any effect of honey might simply be a question of increasing blood sugar levels. “Assuming potential efficacy of the honey, there is no preexisting knowledge of a mechanism,” Rasgon said. “I can`t understand how they can compare honey to estrogen. Honey is not even a supplement.” She also explained that estrogen and progesterone have very different effects on the brain, and scientists are still divided on the question of how hormones influence memory. For example, one large government study known as the Women‘s Health Initiative found that taking estrogen and progesterone actually increased dementia rates in women over 65. That study also showed hormone replacement therapy carries other health risks, such as blood clots and breast and colon cancer.Another Stanford researcher, Dr. Victor Henderson, added that the Malaysian study wasn‘t blinded, meaning that both participants and researchers knew what treatment each woman got.That opens the results to any bias the investigators might harbor about the effects of honey as well as the powerful placebo effect that could in principle account for the treatment effects.

Islamabad roads presented a deserted look on Tuesday as most of the residents have left for their home towns to celebrate Eid.

Fire erupts in PIMS, lecture hall gutted ISLAMABAD—Fire erupted in

Spill ways of Rawal Dam were opened after water reached maximum level in the dam.

CDA requests not to throw waste material openly I S L A M A B A D —To preserve Islamabad environment, the citizens have been requested to cooperate with Capital Development Authority staff and not to throw offal and other waste material of sacrificial animals in the green areas during Eid Days. The Capital Development Authority (CDA) has chalked out a plan to ensure provision of quality services and collection and disposal of entrails, offal and waste material of sacrificial animals in the Federal Capital on Eid days. The citizens are requested to keep the offal and waste of sacrificial animals in front of

their houses so that sanitation workers could easily pick and dispose them of properly. The city has been divided into four zones for effective implementation of the action plan. Chief Sanitary Inspectors of Sanitation Directorate will monitor each zone in the city. Zone-I includes F-5, F-6, G-5, G-6, Blue Area, Saidpur Village and Bari Imam. ZoneII includes Faisal Masjid, sector E-7, F-8, F-7, G-7 and G8. Similarly, Zone-III consists of F-10, F-11, Golra Sharif, G-9, G-10, G-11, G-13, while Zone-IV includes H-8, H-9, H-10, H-11, I-8, I-9, I-10, I-

11, Highway, Model Village Humak, Shahzad Town, Rawal Town and Margalla Town. Additional machinery and assistance to the Directorate of Sanitation for this mega operation has been provided on the directives of Chairman Capital Development Authority. Senior officers of Environment Wing, Civic Management and Sanitation Directorate have been monitoring the sanitation operation. Sanitation Directorate staff of Capital Development Authority has already been directed to work round the clock in three shifts and leaves of entire staff of sanitation have been cancelled. Twenty-nine deep ditches have been dug out at 17 different locations in entire city for proper disposal of offal and other wastes. Two emergency cells have also been established at Sanitation Directorate and at Transport Cell of Sanitation Directorate in Fire Headquarters, which would be functional round the clock. Around twenty-five hundred workers of Sanitation Directorate including cleaners, supervisory staff, contractors and officers have actively been participating in the operation. The residents of Islamabad can register their complaints for collection and disposal of wastes at Sanitation Directorate Help Line number 1334 or telephone numbers 051-9213908, 0519203216 and 051-9211555.— Online

the Pakistan Institute of Medical Science (PIMS), on Tuesday entirely gutting its lecture hall and smoke emitting from blaze caused trouble for the medical staff, patients and attendants. The inferno swept through the lecture hall, adjacent to the ward 6 of the PIMS in the afternoon. The hall was gutted entirely. And the smoke engulfed the adjoining wards and galleries which caused difficulty in inhalation to the patients, medical staff and patients and their attendants. On getting information the fire brigade reached there and overpowered the blaze, however the lecture hall was gutted burnt completely with in no time. A staffer of the PIMS hospital on condition of anonymity told that the fire broke out just after a person identified as Nazeer sneaked into the hall. When INP approached Nazeer seeking his reaction to the allegation, denied saying the hall has been closed for the last two days and there was no question of any one to move in.—INP

Over 500 animals to be slaughtered RAWALPINDI—Over 500 animals will be slaughtered at Jamia Rizvia Zia-ul-Aloom Satellite Town Rawalpindi on Eidul Azha this year, said Naib Nazim Sahibzada Syed Habib-ul-Haq Shah Ziai Tuesday. In a statement, he said the arrangements had been made for slaughtering the animals and the whole operation would be completed in two days. Zia-ul-Aloom arranges the biggest collective sacrifice in twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad and the meat will be distributed among the needy and deserving people of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, he added.—APP

Eid to be celebrated with fervour CITY REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Eid-ul-Azha will be celebrated today with religious devotion and enthusiasm. Hundreds of thousands of believers will throng mosques and open grounds to offer mass prayers across the country, following which animals will be sacrificed following the Sunnat-e-Ibrahimi. Special prayers will be offered for the liberation of all occupied Muslim territories, including Indian held Jammu and Kashmir and Palestine. Prayers will also be offered for peace, progress and prosperity of Pakistan as well as the welfare and affluence of the nation. Religious scholars from different schools of thought will deliver special sermons and lectures to highlight the significance of the day, and call upon

the Muslims to follow the teachings of Islam in letter and spirit. All public and private TV and radio channels have chalked out special programmes for the auspicious occasion. The newspapers will also take out special supplements, highlighting the distinctive features of the sacred day. Eid-ul-Azha is a festival that is celebrated on the 10th of Zil-Hajj, marking the close of the annual Hajj Pilgrimage to the holy Ka’aba. Muslims all over the world slaughter animals on this day and draw inspiration from the unique example of sacrifice set by Hazrat Ibrahim (AS), who offered to sacrifice his son Hazrat Ismail (AS) in the fulfillment of the divine order and he was replaced by a lamb on divine or-

Nine-member dacoits gang busted RAWALPINDI—Rawalpindi police have busted an inter-district dacoit gang and arrested its nine members and recovered two stolen vehicles and a motorcycle, besides illegal weapons. During preliminary interrogation, the arrested gangsters confessed to committing several robberies, dacoities, snatching of vehicles and motorcycles and other crimes in Kalar Syedan, Masrial Road and other areas in the jurisdiction of Naseerabad, Sadiqabad, and Civil Line police stations. According to Superintendent Police (SP) Rawal Division Syed Jamiat Ali Shah, on the directive of City Police Officer (CPO) Rawalpindi Bilal Saddique Kamyana, a police team comprising Deputy Superintendent Police (DSP) New Town Circle Taimoor Khan, SHO Sadiqabad Malik Al-

lah Yar and others was constituted to nab the dacoits. The police team managed to arrest nine dacoaits namely Fazal ur Rehman resident of Tarnol, Rehan resident of Mohra Chaudharian Gujar Khan, Zafran resident of Mohra Chaudharian Gujar Khan, Rashid resident of Sangal Kalar Syedan, Adeel resident of Kalar Syedan, Iftikhar resident of Tham Mira Sangal Kalar Syedan, Bin Yameen resident of Tham Mira, Sangal Kalar Syedan, Zain ul Abideen resident of Guf Sangal Kalar Syedan and Muhammad Wali resident of Ghosia Kalar Syedan. The police recovered snatched vehicles XLI bearing registration number LEC-4218, Suzuki Mehran RI-647 and a motorcycle Honda CD-70 and illegal weapons from the possession of the accused.—APP

ders. Four days of official Eidul-Azha holidays, from October 15 to 18, followed by two weekly holidays, will provide people ample time to celebrate the festival with their relatives and dear ones. Meanwhile, strict security arrangements have been made across the country for celebrations. Law enforcement agencies have beefed up security at public places, mosques and Eidgahs and important buildings to thwart any untoward incident. Policemen in plain clothes as well as in uniform will perform duties at Eid congregations for the security of the faithful. Several NGOs and charity organizations have made special arrangements to collect animal hides.

3-day strategy for sanitation RAWALPINDI—A 3-day sanitation program for Rawalpindi has been jointly evolved for Eid-ul-Azha, by Municipal services and solid waste management, to ensure cleanliness of sacrificial leftovers in the City. Special instructions were passed by District Coordination Officer, Rawalpindi who personally visited various mosques, graveyards, to supervise sprays and others chemicals for the approaching occasion. Attention was also paid to cleanliness of various mullahs and water passages, with strict directives to ensure no quarter for any negligence and lapse of services, while management of solid waste management authority also issued strict orders for immediate and effective collections of leftovers of sacrificial animals.—Online

Vehicles having bogus plates impounded I S L A M A B A D —Cops of Islamabad police deployed on pickets and performing patrolling duties continuously checking vehicles registration through mobile verification system. According to spokesman of police, police impounded around eight vehicles having bogus number plates during the verification process in last two days. The vehicles impounded by the police include Car No, NR13, ZC-241, UR-13, RB-183, ZX-484, FB-024, ZX-975 and A-017 with fake number plate, impounded for having bogus number plates. According to details, Islamabad Police have created a customized database with three components that include registration data of vehicles, data of stolen vehicles and crime record of proclaimed offenders, court absconders, military deserters, challaned and convicted persons. In order to check record of any vehicle or suspect, the data can be accessed by picket incharges and patrol officers through intelligent mobile verification system. IGP Islamabad Sikandar Hayat has said that use of the new technology is underway to ensure effectively policing and give better output.—Online

IGP directs tight security in Capital STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Inspector General of Police (IGP) Islamabad Sikandar Hayat Tuesday directed the police officials to remain high alert and tighten patrolling on entry and exit points of the city to avert any untoward situation during Eid days. According to a press release, he directed the law enforcers to remain vigilant and take strict action against beggars.No laxity would be

tolerated. Senior Superintendent of Police Islamabad Muhammad Rizwan has directed for effective security measures in the city on the festive occasion. Strict vigilance of the city areas should be ensured and private security guards must be made alert to tackle any situation. Station House Officers (SHOs) of Police Stations have been directed to prepare duty rosters for effective vigilance of various sectors of the capital.

The policemen will also patrol in various sectors and police in charges of circles will ensure proper security at the Eid congregations in various locations. Special police deployment will be made at Faisal Mosque on Eid day and walkthrough gates as well as scanners will be installed as a part of security measures. The mobile officers and police guard posted at mosques, Imambargahs, public/ picnic places will take notice of the beggars hovering around the premises and will take legal ac-

tion against them. Special focus is to ensure safety to properties and stop incidents of theft and car lifting during Eid holidays. The mobile patrols and squads of Islamabad Traffic Police would also remain present in markets, shopping plazas and also at prominent points during Eid congregations. Bomb disposal squad will remain available at short notice and all public places, parks, play grounds will be kept under strict vigilance and security

cover. Islamabad Traffic Police (ITP) on special directions of Acting SSP (Traffic) Asmat Ulah Junejo has made a special deployment plan and markets as well as shopping areas will be manned by traffic officials to regulate the traffic and ensure planned parking. Traffic police deployment in shopping areas, markets will be augmented while the patrol cars and pairs will patrol in their respective areas to facilitate the general public.

Citizens call for protection

IESCO sets up emergency centers

R AWALPINDI —Police have unleashed loot and plunder spree at the police barriers set up in different areas of Rawalpindi and Islamabad in the name of security. Police personnel have stepped up the Eidi collection campaign with committing robbery on the pockets of citizens in the guise of security checking. The motor cyclists particularly employees of private companies and government employees are the worst victims of these police officers deployed on barriers. The police has fixed rate ranging between Rs 100 to Rs 200 for giving clean chit to the motorcyclists in terms of security and this way it is pocketing thousands of rupees daily in the name of Eidi. The police personnel intercept the motor cyclists and vehicles and grab money from the citizens on various pretexts including incomplete documents. The police barriers established in Sadiq Abad, Commercial market, Sadar, Raja Bazaar and other areas have turned into paradise in terms of collection of Eidi by the police personnel being the congested areas.—Online



05:30 01:30 04:30 07:30

Brothers in Islam establish regular prayers and charity

October 16 EID-ul-Azha Prayer will be offered at Faisal Mosque here on October 16 (Wednesday) at 08:00 am. Senior Prof. Dr. Tahir Hakeem of Faculty of Shariah and Law, International Islamic University, Islamabad will deliver Eidul-Azha sermon and lead the prayer. Continuing PAINTING exhibition by Iranian artist Mohsen Keiany, at the Tanzara Gallery, House No.14, Street 12, Sector F-7/2, Islamabad, continuing up to October 18. EXHIBITION of paintings titled ‘Halluginations’, by Omar Farid, at the gallery 6, House 19, Street 10, F8/3, Islamabad, continue till October 20 daily (except for Eid holidays) from 11 am to 7 pm.

World Food Day today I SLAMABAD —World Food

I S L A M A B A D —IESCO has set up emergency centers in all its sub divisions to ensure smooth supply of electricity to the consumers during Eid ul Azha holidays. These centers will remain open for 24 hours to address the complaints of consumers on the occasion of Eid ul Azha. IESCO officers and staff members will perform special duties in Distribution Control Center Islamabad. In any emergency during the Eid, the IESCO officers and staff members can be contacted in the complaint offices of respective areas, Distribution Control center at Telephone Number 0519250240-41, chief executive complaint and monitoring cell toll free Number 080025250 and other telephone Numbers including 0519253207-08 and 0519252933-36 in 24 hours. A view of cattle market in Islamabad showing a large number of people bargaining to buy sacrificial animals.

Eid prayer timings of twin cities mosques I SLAMABAD —The Eid-ul- will lead the Eid prayers. Qari Adha prayers would be offered in most mosques of twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad early in the morning on Wednesday. Eid prayers to be offered at 7:15 am: Mufti Abdul Malik Attari will lead Eid prayers in Jamia Mosque Quba, Misrayal Road. Mufti Muhammad Safeer Ziai will lead Eid prayers at Jamia Mosque Madni, Dhoke Munshi Khan, Chaklala and Allama Zafeer Ahmed Saifi would lead Eid prayers at Markazai Jamia Mosque, Noorani, Qaziabad at 7:15 am. Eid prayers to be offered at 7:30 am: Allama Ghafran Sialvi will lead Eid prayers in Jamia Mosque Talli Mori. In Mosque Sabri, Rahim Town, Allama Tahir Iqbal Chishti will lead the prayers at 7:30 am. Mufti Muhammad Sarfraz Chishti would lead Eid prayers at Jamia Mosque Madni Minar Wali, Aliabad. In Jamia Mosque Abdullah, Harley Street Qari Muhammad Fiyyaz Sultani

Muhammad Bilal Qadri will lead Eid prayers at Jamia Mosque Muhammadi, Rehmatabad. Hafiz Ghulam Shabbir Qadri will lead Eid prayers at Jamia Mosque Noor, Tench Bhata. Qari Muhammad Rafaqat Awan will lead Eid prayers in Jamia Mosque Zarina, Zahoor Range Road. In Jamia Mosque Syedana Bilal, Kausar Colony Railway Scheme Hafiz Sirajuddin Siddique will lead Eid prayers. Qari Abdul Latif Tayyeb will lead Eid prayers at Jamia Mosque Jalil, Chakri Road, Lakhan. Allama Tanveer Hussain Qadri will lead Eid prayers at Jamia Mosque Haji Muhammad Shafi Kamran Colony. The prayers timings has been fixed at 7:30 am. Eid prayers scheduled at 7:45 am in various mosques: Allama Ashfaq Ahmed Sabri would lead Eid prayers at Mosque Mumtaz Qadri Ghouri VIP. Mufti Abdul Qayyum Sialvi will lead Eid prayers in mosque Ajmeri Peoples Colony.

Allama Abdul Hafeez Rizvi will lead Eid prayers in Markaz Ahl-e- Sunnah Tarnol. Allama Abdul Waseem Abbasi will lead the special prayers at Jamia Mosque Quba, Ghousia Malpur. Qari Muhammad Kabeer Harooni will lead Eid prayers at Jamia Mosque Allah Wali, Tahli Mohri Chowk. The Eid prayers are scheduled at 7:45 am. Qari Ghulam Muhammad Chishti is scheduled to lead the Eid prayers at Jamia Mosque Farooqui, Kamalabad. Professor Muhammad Tayyeb Raza will lead the Eid prayers at Jamia Mosque Riaz al Junnah, New Lalazar. Mufti Naseeruddin Naseer will lead Eid prayers at Markazi Eidgah, Lalkurti. Allama Muhammad Sharif Chishti will lead Eid prayers at Jamia Mosque Shuhadda, Harley Street. The prayers would be offered at 7:45 am. Qari Abdul Razzaq Tabbassum will lead Eid prayers at Jamia Mosque Noor-e-Mustafa Madina Town.—APP

REDO sets up camps to collect hides R AWALPINDI —Rawalpindi Eye Donors Organization (REDO) which provide free medical facilities to the needy patients, has set up camps here to collect hides of sacrificial animals. REDO has appealed to the citizens to donate the hides to the organization so that enhanced number of deserving patients could be provided free medical treatment and medicines. The REDO can also be contacted at 051-5503233 and 051-5505917 to donate hides of sacrificial animals. The REDO provides free medical facilities to the eye patients besides free dialysis facility to the needy patients. REDO spokesman said the REDO has provided free medical treatment and medicines to thousands patients. He informed, REDO is working on extension of its hospital and modernizing its treatment facilities.— APP

Hard bargaining key to buying sacrificial animals CITY REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Buying sacrificial animals has become job of an specialist armed with techniques of striking a favourable deal, particularly in the current high inflation phase. Herdsmen bring their animals from far flung areas to the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad for the awaited opportunity for profitable transactions. But the price they demand at first approach virtually shocks interested customer. And then ensues intense bargaining, with the outcome depending much on the skills of the purchaser. “People do not take the

trouble to bargain hard and they end up paying more than the right price,” said Zaheer Ahmed, as he hassled with sellers at the cattle markets in Bagh Sardaran, Rawalpindi and in H-11 sector near Pirwadhai in Islamabad. Zaheer, who claims to be an expert buyer, said he saw extraordinary difference in prices of sacrificial animals now compared to the rates a year before. He said he offered Rs. 55,000 for a pair of goats against 70,000 demanded by the seller. “The pair of ‘desi’(local) goats is beautiful and each of these weighs 35 to 40 KG. Besides, its speciality is

‘Dondahs’ two big teeth), which shows one year age of goat,” he added. “I will finally clinch the deal for rupees 58,000,” said a confident Zaheer amid his heated debate with the owner. At the Bagh Sardaran cattle market a cow weighing about 150 kilograms was available for Rs. 70,000 to 80,000 on Tuesday. Buyers also look for herdsmen who manage to sneak into downtown areas from the sites designated for sale of animals for Eid, offering a better bargain to buyers who this way also avoid the trouble of purchasing at the market and transporting the animal to their homes.

Day will be observed on October 16 across the world including Pakistan with the aims at reinforcing awareness about good eating habits and necessary efforts on the part of single states to improve nutritional policies. “Sustainable Food Systems for Food Security and Nutrition” is the focus of World Food Day in 2013. According to latest data on malnourishment, in fact, (i) 1 child out of four under 5 years of age are suffering from rickets and 842 million people are still suffering from chronic hunger. (ii) 2 billion people lack vitamins and minerals; (iii)) 1,4 billion people are overweight. Of these, 1/3 are obese and at risk of obesity-related diseases. The aim of this year is directing people attention I SLAMABAD — CDA Directo sustainable food systems. torate of Sanitation staff Today almost 870 million will perform the night duty people worldwide are chroniin addition to day duty on cally undernourished. Unsusthe occasion of Eid ul tainable models of developAzha. ment are degrading the natuThe night duty has ral environment, threatening been assigned to the staff ecosystems and biodiversity for the first time under the Dauda Danladi, Nigerian Ambassador to Pakistan presenting souvenir to High Comthat will be needed for our fudirectives of CDA chairman missioner of Ghana Alhaji Bawah Gibert Ayembillah in Federal Capital. Honorary Conture food supply. Calls for sul General of Ghana Shahid Rasheed Butt also present on the occasion. Nadim Hassan Asif. profound changes in our agCDA Sanitation Direcriculture and food systems are torate has decided to set up becoming more frequent and mobile camps ahead of Eid more insistent. The official in key commercial centers World Food Day theme - anof Islamabad including Sunounced at the start of every per Market, Jinnah Super year by the Food and AgriMarket and Blue Area. I SLAMABAD —Weekly baculture Organization of the Sanitation staff will per- zaars of Capital Development United Nations (FAO) gives form day and night duty Authority (CDA) will remain I SLAMABAD —International ciety organisations to play focus to World Food Day obtheir role in raising awareness therein. servances and helps increase close on October 18 due to White Cane Safety Day was observed on Tuesday, Octo- about white cane. CDA on experimental Eid-ul-Azha celebrations. understanding of problems “I also call upon the and solutions in the drive to Vendors displaying rose petals and flowers at their stalls for the people who shower basis will provide plastic Details said, CDA weekly ber 15. In a message on the oc- people and relevant governbags to the residents of 6 bazaars located in H-9 and end hunger.—APP them on the graves of their dear ones. sectors of federal capital Bara Kahu will remain close casion, President Mamnoon ment agencies to reflect on including G-6, G-7,G-8,G- on Friday Oct 18, while last Hussain has called upon the the problems of visually 9,G-10 and I-10 so that they bazaar before Eid will be held government departments, handicapped person and civil society and media to think about what needs to be could hand over the offal on Tuesday Oct 15. and waste of sacrificial aniOn Sunday prices of enhance their efforts to ad- done to achieve the same mals to the sanitation staff most eatables will also remain dress issues of visually im- standards in caring for the disabled as exists in other R AWALPINDI —Rawalpindi R AWA L P I N D I —A total of ment of anti-social ele- entry and exist points of the in safe way.—Online paired persons. stable in Bazaar.—Online city.—APP Transport Authority (RTA) 4000 policemen would be ments. He said the day is an oc- civilized nations and to work On the special instruchas initiated the operation deployed here under a comcasion to renew our commit- towards achieving those against transporters collect- prehensive security plan tions of City Police Officer ment towards fulfilling our standards,” he said. In his message to the naing extra fare from passen- chalked out for peaceful ob- (CPO) Bilal Saddique social, moral and religious Kamyana, a comprehensive servance of Eid ul Azha. gers. responsibilities to enable the tion on the occasion of InAccording to security plan was formuDetails said, secretary blind people to lead better ternational White Cane RTA Awias Tarar conducted Rawalpindi Police spokes- lated for Eid ul Azha. Polife.Speaker National Assem- Safety Day, he said, that in operation on different bus man, 652 mosques of the licemen would also patrol bly Sardar Ayaz Sadiq on Pakistan, white cane is not terminals of the city and district, 73 eid congrega- in various sectors and poMonday urged media, opin- only a symbol of the visually fined the transporters in- tions and 67 Imambargahs lice officers of respective ion leaders, religious schol- impaired but also a tool for would ensure would be given proper se- circles volved in overcharging. ars, intellectuals, human their independent mobility.— While teams of secretary curity cover during Eid proper security at the Eid rights activists and civil so- Online congregations to be held at RTA office challaned more prayers. Elite Force, Mohafiz various locations of the than 300 vehicles on overloading and overcharging in Squad, Special Branch per- city. Walkthrough gates and the areas of Peshawar road, sonnel along with ladies police and police national scanners would also be inI SLAMABAD—Rate of purse manages easily to escape from Sawan and Peer Wadhai. Secretary RTA said, if any volunteers would also per- stalled at main Eid congresnatching incidents from the scene. Trades of the martransporter is taking extra form duties during Eid gations for the safety of the women has been horribly in- kets said that crime rate has incitizens. Police in-charges charges from any passenger d a y s . creased in the markets of fed- creased as the occasion of Eid As per plan, women po- of all circles would ensure he can register his complaint eral capital, while police have has arrived nearer. There is no against transporter in the licemen and police cops in proper security arrangebecome silent spectator in this special security arrangement in complaint cell established in plain clothes in different ments at the Eid congregasituation. Details said, in most markets to ensure the safety of RTA office from 7:am to 10 bazaars were also de- tions. Special directives of the incidents motorbike rid- customers and trades. have also been passed on ployed. They have demanded pm. ers are involved in purse Close circuit cameras to all the officers concerned He said RTA has made snatching from women who from high authorities to despecial arrangements to fa- were also installed at im- for the effective security came for shopping in markets, ploy the extra force of police cilitate the passengers on the portant places and loca- measures. Special pickets and due to less patrolling of in the markets to prevent such tions to check the move- have been set up at all the Customers buying fodder for their sacrificial animals from a road side vendor. occasion of Eid.—Online police mobiles these accused incidents.—Online

Sanitation staff to perform night duty

No weekly Bazaars on Friday

Operation against overcharging

Int’l White Cane Safety Day observed

4000 cops to guard city on Eid

Increase in crime rate

Geelani, Mirwaiz, Salahuddin urge people to celebrate Eid with simplicity S RINAGAR —Chairmen of mitment with the mission and care for orphans, widows, the mission of truth.” both factions of Hurriyat Conference and United Jihad Council have extended heartfelt greetings to Muslim Ummah and particularly the people of Jammu and Kashmir urging them not to forget the underprivileged section of the society on this joyous occasion. In a statement, Chairman Hurriyat Conference (G) Syed Ali Geelani has felicitated Muslim Umah in general and people of Jammu and Kashmir in particular on the eve of Eid-ul-Azha, urging people to celebrate the auspicious occasion with simplicity. “It is my sincere appeal that while celebrating Eid, we should take into account the guidelines and principles laid by Islam and the requirements of ongoing movement. We should avoid such practices as are against our national dignity and symbols of Islam,” said Geelani. “Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) stood against the falsehood and the arrogant rule of Namrood. It was his determination, persistence and com-

Overseas Kashmiris to enjoy right of vote soon: CEC AJK MIRPUR—The Kashmiri expatriates settled in various foreign countries will soon be given their due right of vote in the elections to Azad Jammu & Kashmir Legislative Assembly, AJK Chief Election Commissioner, Justice Muhammad Munir Chaudhry said here Monday. In an interview, he said it has been principally decided to make a necessary amendment in the concerned law in the near future to facilitate the overseas Kashmiris of AJK and refugees of occupied areas in this regard. “The formal Presidential ordinance by the AJK President to this direction will be issued soon”, the CEC added while responding to a question. The 49-member AJK Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the Azad jammu & Kashmir Parliament, which is elected for five-year constitutitonal term through use of direct right of vote on adult franchise basis by the AJK citizens as well as the Pakistan-based Jammu & Kashmir refugees in the elections. The CEC said the overseas Kashmiris would be registered in their respective ancestral electoral constituencies in AJK as well as in various areas of Pakistan where they had been settled in the past before moving to abroad, he added.— APP

Protest held against arrest of youth in Gandarbal SRINAGAR—Protest demonstration was held in Ganderbal against the arrest of a youth under draconian law, Public Safety Act (PSA) in the district. Scores of people were injured when Indian police resorted to brute force protesters at Khurhama on SrinagarLeh highway against detention of the youth, Tariq Ahmad Butt under the black law. The youth has been shifted to Kupwara jail. Witnesses said the people were demanding Tariq’s release before Eid. A senior police officer among four cops was injured in the clashes between protesters and government forces.

neither the indifference of people nor the state repression could demoralize or deter him from pursuing his obligations,” he said. “We are facing the same situation but excesses should not deter us from giving up the sacred cause. This Eid reminds us of Mohammad Afzal Guroo and those killed by forces in Markundal, Gool and Shopian,” he added while paying rich tributes to Guroo. “Guroo achieved the great honor, status and excellence; though we would be celebrating the festival with our children, his innocent son Ghalib would miss him. Eid would also remind us the last words of Towseef Ahmad of Shopian wherein he uttered his last wish asking her mother for water. Islam teaches its followers the simplicity and the prevailing grim situation demands that we should follow these principles in letter and spirit and avoid evil practices and extravagance,” Hurriyat (G) chairman said. Geelani stressed for extra

destitute, needy, elderly and those martyred during ongoing movement. He reiterated his long-standing desire for formation of Bait-ul-Mal committees at local levels, saying that it is imperative for freedom struggle. “We need to explore the ways and means to generate resources for achieving the self-sufficiency and to meet the requirements of the affected families,” he added. Meanwhile, the Hurriyat Conference (M) chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, while felicitating the Umah in general and the Muslims of Kashmir in particular on the eve of Eid-ul-Azha, appealed to the people not to forget the victims of repression and suppression, widows, orphans, needy and destitute while celebrating this auspicious occasion. In his message, Mirwaiz said: “Eid-ud-Azha teaches us the lesson of firm faith in and obedience to Allah, sacrifice and altruism for seeking the pleasure of Allah and steadfastness while pursuing

He said currently thousands of families are waiting for their dear ones who have been subjected to the enforced disappearance and hundreds of pro-freedom people are languishing in jails. Thousands of widows and orphans today do need our special attention. The chairman of United Jihad Council Syed Sallahuddin, while extending Eid greetings to Muslim Ummah and the people of Jammu and Kashmir, urged the philanthropists and donors not to forget the needy and destitute ones on the auspicious occasion of Eidul-Azha. In his message, the UJC chief expressed the optimism that the day was not far when Muslim Ummah would retrieve its lost glory. “Freedom loving people around the globe particularly in Jammu and Kashmir have been observing Eid under the dark shades of oppression and suppression where everyday is Karbala and every night is Sham-e-Gareeban,” he said.— NNI

Indian army to buy 49 mini UAVs for monitoring Pakistani border J AMMU —Army’s Northern tric and Mechanical Engineers stani troops violated border Command has issued a global tender for procuring latest miniature unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for gathering intelligence and carry out reconnaissance of areas along Line of Control (LoC) with Pakistan and Sino-India border. In the wake of alleged frequent ceasefire violations along the Line of Control (LoC), General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GoC-in-C) Northern Command has issued Request for Proposal (RFP) tender recently for procurement of 49 NK MiniUAVs for the Army units deployed in Northern Command theatre in J&K. , according to Outlook India. The bids are invited from Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) of Defence Procurement Manual 2009 or Permanent Registered Authorised Distributors of OEM, a senior officer of Elec-

IHK Bar team visits inmates in Central Jail Srinagar S RINAGAR —HCBA visited Central Jail Srinagar and interacted with inmates and jail Authorities a day before Eidul-Azha to get first hand knowledge of their plight. The team comprising HCBA President Mian Abdul Qayoom and General Secretary Mohammad Ashraf Butt noted that the inmates were provided with substandard food and had no access to the medical facilities.The team learnt that since 1990 there had been no amendment to the ordinance, which allows the expenditure of only Rs 17 per an inmate. The team was apprised that there were no dental, physical or medical facilities in the jail due to absence of medical staff and adequately equipped hospital in the Central Jail Srinagar. The team while appreciating the courage, spirit, dedicatio. and commitment of these prisoners of conscience, appealed the International Human Rights Organisation to take notice of the miseries and sufferings of these prisoners languishing in different jails for years—KMS

(EMA) Branch at Northern Command Headquarter, said. Mini UAVs, which will serve as an electronic eyes to Army troops in most sensitive Northern theatre, for gathering intelligence and carrying out reconnaissance of areas along LoC with Pakistan and Sino-India border in Lakdah besides some specialised counter terrorist operations in J&K. The procurement of MiniUAVs have become all the more important in view of the fact that Jammu and Kashmir’s LoC and International Border (IB) has become ‘hot and active’ with Pakistani troops’ ceasefire violation due to firing, infiltration bids, BAT attacks on forward posts and sniping incidents on Indian forward posts on regular basis since August this year. This year has witnessed several fold increase in the ceasefire violations as Paki-

truce more than 130 times along LoC in J&K -highest in past eight years. As per its requirements, Army has specified that the mini UAVs should be complete in all aspects of electronics sensors, propulsion system, on-board camera, control mechanism, trans-receivers, re-chargeable batteries and packing case. In the tender, Army has specified that the UAV should have the capability to take-off and land without needing any kind of runway besides it should have an auto pilot on board with mission pre programming capability to undertake autonomous operation and return on base on its own. The UAV would be less than 10 kg in weight and able to fly at the altitude of up to 1,000 metre from hand launch and safe landing without landing strip.—Online

Inflation affects Kashmir business community S RINAGAR —This Eid-ulAdha may not bring much joy to the valley which has witnessed over 30 percent decline in general business on Eid. Members from business fraternity said besides other factors, inflation has given a blow to business on Eid. Nazir Ahmad, former president Kashmir Chamber of Commerce and Industry told Kashmir Times that there has been a decline in overall business across Kashmir this Eid. “Over 30 percent decline has been seen. The major reason is inflation. Cost of living is getting high while purchasing power has not changed,” Nazir said. He added that since tourism and horticulture also remained affected this year, it had a direct bearing on over all business. “Besides, there have been come violent incidents this year which also made an impact.” He said the income of employees and businessmen has more or less remained same while prices have shot up. “It is becoming

difficult for people to spend money.”Mushtaq Ahmad, a shopkeeper selling ready made garments in Lal Chowk said his sales declined by 20 percent this Eid. “People hardly came to shop for clothes. They preferred buying essentials like food items.” He said the hiking prices of commodities have forced people to choose carefully before spending money. Another shopkeeper, Mohammad Ramzaan, added that usually business would pick up weeks ahead of Eid. “But this time we saw people shopping just twothree days before Eid. They are spending judiciously.” Meanwhile, hustle and bustle could be seen in the markets with Eid just a day away. The markets were abuzz with customers who could mostly be seen shopping from road side venders. Colorful clothes, variety of bakery, sweets and other items have filled the markets. Beeline of people could be seen on bakery shops from early morning.— NNI

Angry youth fight pitched battles with police and CRPF men in Srinagar.

‘Who is threat to peace; legislators on army payrolls or stone pelters’

Dr Gulzar Mufti traces 150 years of history in Kashmir

SRINAGAR—President Awami Ittihaad Party (AIP) and MLA Langate, Er Rashid has strongly condemned the slapping of PSA on Mushtaq Ahmad Sheikh of Nowhatta for his alleged involvement in stone pelting. In a statement Rashid said Mushtaq is lone bread earner of his family and government has not taken into consideration the sufferings of his family. Rashid visited the family of Mushtaq and expressed sympathy and solidarity with the family. While interacting with the family members of Mushtaq Ahmad, he said: “Chief Minister Omar Abdullah that he must ask his conscience whether his cabinet colleagues allegedly taking huge money from army and other agencies are the real threat to peace or those stone pelters who often react and resort to stone pelting as the lost option against the atrocities of various security agencies.” Rashid said, “Booking Kashmiri youth without proper evidences under PSA and making hue and cry over the allegations of its ministers in the state assembly has exposed the government’s double standards, whose mantris and babus treat the state as their personal property and do all what they often call immoral and illogic, when it comes to others.” He further said, “It is not a big job to slap PSA on Kashmiri youth whose voice goes unheard from their Mohalla streets to New Delhi but if the state government would have been really keen and sincere it would have arrested those in uniform and involved in Markudal, Shopian, Gool and Kishtwar killings.”—NNI

S R I N A G A R —Well-known aspects of the story, the au- formed this land into real Kashmir born UK based surgeon Gulzar Mufti in his new book titled ‘Kashmir in Sickness and in Health’ has comprehensively examined 150 years of Kashmir ’s history.A statement said the book is scheduled to be released on October 22, and has been published by Partridge India. “Mufti has pulled off the task of juxtaposing the last 150 years of Kashmir’s turbulent history with its medical, educational and social development, from the start of Dogra rule in the mid-nineteenth century until the present time. “ To illuminate specific

thor cleverly interweaves the narrative with his own experiences of growing up in downtown Srinagar. Well-researched and powerfully insightful, ‘Kashmir in Sickness and in Health’ skillfully dissects the roles of various individuals from within and outside the Valley who shaped the destiny of this land and steered its social and intellectual de. “Sultan Zain-ul-Aabidin, popularly known as Budshah, ruled Kashmir from 1420 to 1470AD. He inspired Kashmiriyat – the code of Kashmiri consciousness – and trans-

paradise. Even today when labourers pull or push at heavy goods with full force, they recite loudly the words Budshah, Padshah (Budshah, the Master King). He is probably the only ruler who arouses a feeling of respect and reverence in a Kashmiri mind, because his period was known for freedom of thought, justice and good governance. Perhaps Kashmir Valley is waiting for another Budshah to restore it to health,” reads an excerpt from the book summing up the author ’s feelings about the need for a change in the status quo. —NNI

Kashmir moot to begin in Brussels from Nov 11 RAO ATIQ UL AMIN KHAN international community for tation of the CBMs reached so the early peaceful settlement far between India and Pakistan M IRPUR —The Kashmir of Kashmir conflict. through making easier and

Council, European Union is hosting a week-long International Kashmir Conferencecum-exhibition, with the coordination of the European Union, in Belgium’s capital city of Brussels from November 11, (next month) to attract and muster the world’s support for early peaceful settlement of Kashmir issue. This was disclosed here Tuesday by Chairman of the Kashmir Council (EU) Ali Raza Syed while addressing a news conference here. Syed is currently on visit to Pakistan and AJK to have inter-action with the AJK leaders and the elders from diverse segments of the civil society to exchange ideas for attracting maximum support of the

He said that the conference-cum-exhibition will not only raise the importance of early settlement of Kashmir issue but would also be a strong source of knowledge and information to be acquainted of the centuries old heritage and culture of the erstwhile Jammu & Kashmir state, famously known as paradise on earth, he added.Ali Raza Sayed said that leading Kashmiri politicians from both sides of the line of control including leadership of APHC and the heads of leading political parties of AJK have been invited in the conference besides the seasoned writers and analysts from either side of the LoC. To a question, Ali Raza Sayed stressed for implemen-

liberalising the ongoing transLoC trade and travel between both sides of the line of control to facilitate the people of Jammu & Kashmir to visit either side of the LoC freely and to boost the trade. He said that though these CBMs are not solution to Kashmir conflict, but could prove to be a strong step forward to reach to the settlement of Kashmir problem in line with the wishes of all the stake holders including Pakistan, India and Jammu & Kashmir, he observed.For collection of signatures, launched by Kashmir Centre London, was a good step and it would not affect ‘One Million Signature Campaign’ of Kashmir Council EU which is already continued in Europe.

Police constable commits suicide in Jammu S RINAGAR —A police constable committed suicide in Jammu district. The police constable, Rajinder Singh Charak committed suicide by shooting himself with his service rifle at Bhatindi area of the district, police said. These incidents raised the number of such deaths among Indian troops, police personnel and VDCs members to 287 since Janu- MUZAFFARABAD: Acting President of Pakistan Nayyer Hussain Bukhari, Presidential Advisor Raja Sajid Hussain and ancestral caretaker of Kala Baba Shrine offering dua. ary 2007.

Silence on rapes in Kashmir ABDUL MAJID ZARGAR


N the backdrop of recent incident of gang-rape of a girl in Delhi, Mr. Wajahat Habibullah, Chairman National Minorities Commission and former Chief Information Commissioner of India has admitted that there have been numerous and widespread allegations of rape against Indian Army in Kashmir which have largely remained uninvestigated with the result that culprits have gone unpunished. But regrettably it has taken nearly ten thousand rapes of Kashmiri women (Figure provided by a reputed news portal – Kashmir Media Service) for his conscience to arouse and speak truth.

Mr. Habibullah has worked in various top positions in Kashmir and is privy to many dirty things and covert operations having been committed in Kashmir. One such covert operation hatched by the then Director General of Police that Killed Dr. Abdul Ahad Guroo in 1993 was revealed through his book “My Kashmir Conflict and the Prospects of Enduring Peace” (page 81-82). But one wonders whether he has fully come out of deep slumber or is it like a lucid interval for an insane person as in a recent TV programme it was shocking to hear his bizarre explanation of unidentified mass graves being unmarked because of persons of Wahabi sect buried

therein which does not permit the names of dead to be inscribed on graves. All tyranny and barbarism needs to gain a foothold is for people of good conscience to remain silent. This is what Kashmir is witnessing today. The long struggle of Kashmiris against occupational violence is an everyday reality in the Valley. Violence has served as a tool to affirm power and increasingly, women have become a medium through which the armed forces assert their authority and inflict human rights abuses. Rape in Kashmir is not merely a matter of chance nor is it a question of sex. It is also not a casual act by some erring soldier. It is rather a question of power and

control, which is ‘structured by male soldiers’ notion of their masculine privilege. Being cheaper, more destructive and easier to get away with than other methods of warfare, it has assumed an instrument of State policy to punish, intimidate, coerce, humiliate and degrade the local population with the sole purpose of forcing them into submission. Dr Maiti, a professor of political science at Burdwan University, West Bengal, explains, “Rape continues to be a major instrument of Indian oppression against the Kashmiri people while the majority of victims are civilians.” This concept stands fortified by a report of International Committee of Red Cross

(ICRC) dated March 6, 2001, which mentions that women are raped in order to humiliate, frighten and defeat the enemy ‘group’ to which they belong. While addressing a seminar at the UN in Geneva, entitled, “Defending the Democratic Processes”, British parliamentarian, George Galloway, has also confirmed that India is using rape as a weapon of occupation in Kashmir. A study done by “Doctors without Borders” reveals that Kashmiri women are among the worst sufferers of sexual violence in the world. It further mentions that since the beginning of the armed struggle in Kashmir in 1989, sexual violence has been routinely perpetrated on Kashmiri women.

With victims numbering around ten thousand, Kashmir has surpassed the figures of Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka and Chechnya. A media portal of UK maintains that non-governmental organizations hardly took interest in documenting the plight of these silent sufferers of Jammu and Kashmir. This serves as a telling comment on the plight of women and on the indifferent attitude of the state towards addressing the issue. This has even been admitted by the UN Special Representative Margot Wallstrom when she said recently, “It has become such a way of life in some conflict zones like Kashmir that many victims are simply too afraid to report it and you can

understand that.” And even in those cases, where the victims manage to transcend these fears and report the matter to police, they achieve little or no justice because of the legal immunity provided to the erring soldiers. With no remedy available at the national level, the rapes in Kashmir become eligible for an appropriate response at the international level. The state has to be held accountable for breach of its obligations under various relevant treaties and customary international law. The prosecution of individuals alleged to have committed rape should be done by the international criminal tribunal on the precedent of Nuremberg as the domestic

courts and military courtmartials have failed to deliver justice in these matters and are motivated by a state-centric approach. The focus of the tribunal should be to punish the wrongdoers and not on providing compensation and support to the victim. If the international community remains a mute spectator to the war crimes in Kashmir, the people will loose trust in international law because of the strong developing perception that it applies only to the poor and weak and not to the strong and powerful? If you want global security, there are a lot of things to do, but the first thing is to have values or standards that are equal and fair.—KMS

Alcatel-Lucent chief warns company may collapse PARIS—The chief executive of Alcatel-Lucent SA is warning that the telecommunications equipment maker could go under if it doesn’t slash costs — and jobs. Michel Combes spoke on Europe-1 radio Tuesday ahead of a protest by workers in Paris over 10,000 job cuts planned at the company. It has lost money nearly every year since US-based Lucent Technologies merged with France’s Alcatel in 2006. It’s among a string of once-successful cellphone makers that has struggled to keep up with fast-changing competition and technological shifts. Combes said, “yes, this company could disappear,” stressing that a restructuring plan he announced last week is aimed at saving Alcatel-Lucent from that fate. The plan involves slashing •1 billion ($1.36 billion, Dh4.98 billion) in costs by 2015 and focusing research investment on nextgeneration technology.— Agencies

Rio Tinto boosts forecast copper output SYDNEY—Global miner Rio Tinto boosted its forecast copper output for 2013 after a better-than-expected recovery at its landslide-hit US Kennecott mine, and posted record iron ore and coal output in the third quarter. Copper production was also buoyed by a ramp-up at the Oyu Tolgoi mine in Mongolia, while Rio said in its third-quarter production report it was on track to beat a target of cutting $750 million in exploration spending this year. Mining companies worldwide are under pressure to reduce costs and drive existing assets harder as demand for raw materials levels off after years of high growth, particularly from China. “Copper’s come in well ahead of most people’s expectations, and there’s a pretty chunky production guidance upgrade there,” said Chris Drew, an analyst at RBC Capital Markets. Shares in Rio extended gains after the report, rising 2.5 per cent in Australian trade to a near three-week high and outperforming the broader index. In Australia, Rio Tinto said productivity improvements led to record quarterly iron ore and thermal coal production and shipments in the third quarter. Rio Tinto counts on iron ore for more than twothirds of its revenue. Iron ore shipments, which rose 11 percent from the previous quarter, were boosted by a planned expansion to take annualised output to 290 million tonnes. The work was on track to be completed by the end of the first half of 2014, ahead of time and under budget.—Agencies

‘Constrained bilateral relations behind low Indo, Pak trade’ STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Vikramgit Singh Sahney, President SAARC Chamber of Commerce and Industry, an apex body of chambers in the region, on Tuesday said that constrained bilateral relations were behind low trade between Pakistan and India. He expressed these views while discussing the present state of affairs by telephone with Vice President SAARC Chamber of Commerce and Industry Pak chapter and veteran trade leader Iftikhar Ali Malik. He said: “We have abundant resources, both human and natural, possess enriched and fertile land tracts but people of either countries suffered due to failure to fully utilize indigenous resources optimally.” Vikramgit said that it was in the vital interest of people of the

ISLAMABAD—Pakistan is expected to produce 65 million tons of sugarcane crop this year thus producing around 5.2 million tons sugar out of it that as per the official data of per year demand of sugar, will exceed the demand by around 6-7 lakh tons. It has been learnt that the overall demand of sugar in the country stands at 4.6 to 4.7 million tons and in the present situation of sugarcane crop there seems not any possibility to face the shortage of the product across the country. The country already have a carry forward stock of around 700,000 tons of sugar and soon the crushing season will start that will start adding production to the already available stock. At one side the situation is good in terms of production of the crop but on the other side they are concerned about the expected prices offered to

subcontinent and their governments to fully ensure lasting peace in the region through promotion of trade besides addressing their core issues. He said there was a vast scope of close cooperation between the two countries in the fields of agriculture, health, education, engineering, transfer of technological expertise, use of cheaper raw material to help boost industrial competitiveness with a special focus on alleviating poverty in the region. He said that currently official trade was about $2 billion per year which could be increased by 5 to 10 times directly

through the bilaterally legalised procedure instead of a third country. About barriers, he said that there were constraints of economic integration with included high tariff rates and non-tariff barriers, and inadequate infrastructure for trade. He said that constraints on visa and cumbersome procedures of payments and customs clearance further limited the scope of trade. Iftikhar Ali Malik suggested that both the countries should take initiatives to improve relations and promote bilateral

them against their produce. It is very common that whenever there is better production of any crop, the rate automatically comes down in the market. Experts believe that the government should export the carry forward stock available with it to maintain the prices of sugarcane for the farmers. The government last year set the price of sugarcane at Rs 170 per 40 kg to be paid to the growers by the sugar millers. It has not changed the price this year as well but the farmers on the other side claim that due to increase in cost of production of the crop, the govt must increase the support price of their produce to save them from the expected loss if they were left on the disposal of sugar millers to exploit them taking the benefit of demand and supply formula. It is worth mentioning here that fertilizer prices have increased a lot in the market, moreover the increase

in diesel price has increased the water expenses of the crops as in many areas the farmers use diesel engines to run the tube wells. A representative of the farmers association said that the sugarcane price should be set at least Rs 300 per 40 kg in the given situation. The government on the contrary has to see its impact on the urban population that will have to suffer a lot if the price of sugarcane is lifted that much. The situation becomes more complicated because in case the farmers have to suffer from loss in selling their produce that will discourage them to cultivate the crop again thus decreasing its production in the future. The government is needed to take a wise decision in the given scenario that should safe the farmers from loss and also the urban population from the much inflated prices of sugar.

APTMA to attend conference in Germany STAFF REPORTER

ance, environmental protection, and investment opportunities, corporate social responsibility, market access for Pakistani

LAHORE—A 12-member del-

egation of All Pakistan Textile Mills Association (APTMA) will attend a two-day conference in Germany, to be organised by Pakistan Embassy in Germany on the platform of Pakistan German Business Forum. The Association’s Chair(Punjab) S.M. Tanveer Invest in real estate man said that conference was aimed loans at match-making between Pakistani businessmen and proOSLO —Norway’s $790 spective German investors in billion (Dh2.9 trillion) future. Dr Cyril Nunn, Pakisovereign wealth fund and stan Ambassador to Germany, AXA Real Estate have would be the co-host of the formed a joint venture to invest in up to •600 million conference, while the German Parliament had already ap($815 million, Dh2.99 billion) of real estate loans, proved the bill relating to German investment in Pakistan, he primarily in France, added. Germany and Britain, the He said the APTMA was alinvestors said on Tuesday. AXA Real Estate, a unit of ready working with GIZ, a German organization since 2008, and French insurer AXA, will had set up a Sustainability Promanage the portfolio on duction Centre recently, and this behalf of the fund, comCentre had taken a number of monly known as the oil fund, and the 50/50 venture initiatives including Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency plans to invest mostly in project, water management primary issuances of commercial real estate loans. project, social standard compli“The joint venture will allow Norges Bank Investment Management to achieve two main objectives: invest in commercial real estate debt.—Agencies


Country to produce 5.2m tonnes sugar S TAFF R EPORTER

Agri sustains its growing population

besides training workshops, in near future for industrial technical staff from time to time. S.M. Tanveer said that upcoming conference would also go long in future and expedite Pakistan’s economic growth. He said the APTMA delegation would participate in panel discussions on a number of topics including political, legal and administrative framework, investment climate in Pakistan, energizing Pakistan, Pakistani products, markets

products to European Union (Generalized System of Preferences Plus (GSP Plus), textiles, agriculture sector, fisheries, certification, energy and infrastructure, mechanical engineering, pharmaceutical and chemicals, financial solutions, logistics and supply chain and trade fairs. The APTMA (Punjab) Chairman hoped that this investment would open up new opportunities and vistas of German investment in Pakistan.

trade. For a level playing field and a win-win situation, a bilateral investment treaty should be finalised to fully facilitate a twoway flow of foreign direct investment between the two countries, he added. He emphasised that the media should also play a positive role in restoring mutual trust and confidence at the grassroots level which was a key to mutual growth and economic prosperity for the overall betterment of people of the region. Iftikhar Ali Malik said: “We are also working on the same lines, which is the manifesto of SAARC CCI and an all-out effort is being made to boost economic ties among all SAARC member countries, especially between India and Pakistan.”

Re-verification of unverified SIMs to be completed on Oct 30 ISLAMABAD—The re-verification of the unverified mobile SIMs would be completed by 30th of this month. This was stated by representatives of the cellular mobile companies during their meeting with Minister of State for IT and Telecommunication Anusha Rahman in Islamabad Tuesday. The Minister of State reiterated the stance of the government to continue providing investment friendly environment and restore the confidence of the investors in the IT sector‚ without making any compromise on national security. The representatives of the companies said 133 billion rupees had been contributed in national exchequer by telecom sector during the financial year 2011-12. This is in addition to the billions of rupees paid as other fees and levies to the federal and provincial governments and related authorities. The CMOs discussed matters of mutual cooperation with her. Representatives of Ministry of Interior, and representatives of FIA and PTA were also present. The meeting was briefed by CMOs of their major and transformational contribution in economic development of Pakistan. The cellular mobile companies have invested over $10 billion till todate and created over 1.4 million direct and indirect jobs in the country, cellular mobile operators (CMOs) informed State Minister for IT. The CMOs are cognizant of the security situation in the country and are more than willing to work with the government in deployment of biometrics SIM verification mechanism across the country. The meeting was briefed by PTA Chairman, Dr Ismail Shah. The reverification of the unverified SIMs would be completed by October 30. The CMOs lauded the role of Minister of State for Information Technology and Telecommunications Ms. Anusha Rehman for addressing key industry issues in a timely manner and for facilitating the meeting at a short notice.—NNI

Mamnoon Hussain has expressed his strong belief that Pak agriculture has the strength to sustain its fast growing population.” Expressing his concerns over crisis, challenge faced by world community regarding food security for a rapidly growing population, on the occasion of observance of World Food Day each year on 16th October, he stressed Pakistan scientists to learn from these scientific breakthroughs and improvise them to introduce innovation and knowledge best suited to our circumstances. In his message for the occasion, whence the theme for this year’s World Food Day, “Sustainable Food Systems for Food Security and Nutrition” highlights the critical role of sustainable food systems towards ensuring food security, President Mamnoon expressed his confidence that this realization would reinforce the need for necessary policy interventions, action plans and promotion of international cooperation to strengthen all the processes and infrastructure that are involved in ensuring sustainable food systems.

Cellular companies have invested $10b S TAFF R EPORTER I SLAMABAD —The cellular mobile companies have invested over $10 billion till todate and created over 1.4 million direct and indirect jobs in the country, cellular mobile operators (CMOs) informed State Minister for IT, Anusha Rehman. In a meeting with the minister the CMOs discussed matters of mutual cooperation with her. Representatives of Ministry of Interior, and representatives of FIA and PTA were also present. The meeting was briefed by CMOs of their major and transformational contribution in economic development of Pakistan. The representatives of CMOs told that the mobile telecommunication is the largest tax collecting and paying sector. A sum of Rs 133 billion had been contributed in national exchequer by telecom sector during the financial year 2011-12. This is in addition to the billions of rupees paid as other fees and levies to the

federal and provincial governments and related authorities. The CMOs are cognizant of the security situation in the country and are more than willing to work with the government in deployment of biometrics SIM verification mechanism across the country. The meeting was briefed by PTA Chairman, Dr Ismail Shah. The reverification of the unverified SIMs would be completed by October 30. The CMOs lauded the role of Minister of State for Information Technology and Telecommunications Ms. Anusha Rehman for addressing key industry issues in a timely manner and for facilitating the meeting at a short notice. The CMOs also expressed some concerns over recent adverse statements appearing in the press. The Minister of State reiterated the stance of the government to continue providing investment friendly environment and restore the confidence of the investors in the IT sector, without making any compromise on national security.

Govt switching three power plants to coal to save two-third cost STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The federal government is switching three power plant units through working on a proposal to convert the existing furnace oil based steam power plants including Muzaffargarh, Jamshoro and Guddu which are being converted to coal firing to save two-third cost. The 1350 megawatts thermal power station (TPS) Muzaffargarh (Unit1-6), 850 megawatts TPS JamshoroUnits(1-4),640 megawatts TPS Guddu is now being converted on coal with multilateral financial assistance. According to a ‘Concept Paper’ which was developed by Planning Commission of Pakistan - Conversion of Existing Thermal Power Stations on Cheaper Fuels - for example, had estimated in 2011 that conversion of 12 steam power plants fired by furnace oil on imported coal could save more than $8 billion or almost four per cent of gross domestic product annually. The savings estimate is

based on the prices of furnace under the 2002 power policy oil and coal and exchange rate during a recent briefing on

at that time. The paper was developed by Planning Commission of Pakistan. The project will help save two-third cost of the ongoing power generation through the conversion to coal medium, the paper said. “The generation proposed to be converted on coal constitutes almost a quarter of the country’s total derated, dependable capacity. It, therefore, can substantially cut the overall electricity production costs, bringing relief to both the domestic and industrial consumers,” argues a senior executive of a gas fired independent power producer (IPP) put up

power sector. “Another substantial amount of $1.5-1.6 billion a year on fuel can be saved by providing gas and oil to the power producers according to their position on the order of merit based on their fuel efficiency,” contends the executive who does not want to give his name. If his argument is accepted, then the government should prefer eight IPPs with a cumulative generation capacity of 1,700 megawatts set up under the 2002 policy in the supply of gas and oil for generation.

Dwindling rupee lifts textile profitability STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —The depreciating rupee value against greenback has boosted the profits of largest textile industry of the country, as the listed textile firms profit have jumped by 150 per cent to Rs30.6 billion in fiscal year 2013. Industry sources said that the fall of rupee has been seen as a positive sign for exports of Pakistan, as the local currency has fallen 8 per cent since the beginning of 2013. Moreover, it depreciated faster in the last two months, as it went down by a sharp 4pc against the greenback. With a share of over 50pc in the country’s total exports, the textile industry has emerged stronger in fiscal 2013-14. Industry sources believed

that Pakistan’s textile exports are going to benefit from two major reasons, as China is focusing more on the technology sector instead of textile, but yarn demand from China is growing. Moreover, Bangladesh which is the second biggest textile exporter in the world after China, is not getting the same number of export orders as it was getting a year ago. The country is facing major challenges in safety concerns of textile workers. Recent fire incidents in factories of Bangladesh, where hundreds of workers had died, attracted negative international media coverage. Favoring fortunes resulted into improved overall textile output in FY13 which can be gauged from 5.9pc (14.7pc) growth in textiles exports to

$13.1 billion (Rs1.3trn) The same is reflected from listed textile companies’ profits which increased by Rs18.3 billion (150pc) to Rs30.6 billion in FY13 compared to Rs12.3 billion last year. The listed companies, which cover 85pc of textile sector market capitalisation, are very small compared to total Pakistan textile industry. So the actual profits of the textile industry would be much more than Rs30.6 billion. They believe, upward trajectory of profits is mainly attributed to higher volumetric sales and improved margins. Strong cotton yarn and grey cloth demand from China and its neighboring countries has contributed to higher units sales

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Protection of traditional knowledge thru intellectual property laws urged OBSERVER REPORT

Web users ultimately want to get at data quickly and easily. They don’t care as much about attractive sites and pretty design. — Tim Berners-Lee

KARACHI—Pakistan should protect its traditional knowledge, genetic resources and traditional cultural expressions through intellectual property laws to earn respect in the comity of nations. “Otherwise as per the international laws, the country will be deprived of ownership of our precious traditional

knowledge and resources in various areas,” he added. The human resource, expertise and intellect are unable to play their due part in the development and prosperity of Pakistan. “One of the major reasons for this drawback is the lack of awareness of the global intellectual property laws and their importance for the future business activities,” he said. India is at least 20 years ahead of

Pakistan in protecting economic stability, traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expression, Imran A Riyaz, chairman of the Brands Foundation. According to the observation report, the members of Brands Foundation said that those countries, which were markedly lagging behind Pakistan in economics and commerce, are most active to protect their rights – notable in the

region were Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Afghanistan. Officials of Pakistan mission there were not competent enough to participate in the discussion or to elaborate the viewpoint of Pakistan IPO. If public and private sector institutions of Pakistan does not opt for a joint integrated effort and does not use their expertise to protect the IP capital of Pakistan in accordance with the glo-

bal IP laws on war footings and does prioritise their efforts on this subject then God forbid, Pakistan may be deprived of ownership of its traditional knowledge, cultural expressions and inventions as per the global IP laws like the country had already lost the IP rights of basmati, haldi, certain herbal preparations and specific cultural expressions to India. Brands Foundation has been

observing the present situation to its minutest extent and is ready to conclude that the country is on the verge of losing this international battle for IP rights. The members suggested that the country should establish a national institution with the name of “National IP Council” that should be headed by the prime minister of Pakistan and for his representation must include a real technocrat either

from the public or private sectors with good competence in the international laws. Brands Foundation requested the government and Higher Education Commission for immediate steps to include the IP education of international competence in the syllabus in all degree and certificate courses and this subject should be made compulsory for every student of the higher education.


Selling Buying













LCCI to play role for Pak-China free trade STAFF REPORTER




LAHORE—Lahore Chamber of
















Commerce & Industry would play its role for early revival of Pak-China Free Trade Agreement. The LCCI President Engineer Sohail Lashari, SVP Mian Tariq Misbah and VP Kashif Anwar were talking to a delegation of All Pakistan Paper Merchants Association (APPMA) at the LCCI. The 19-member APPMA delegation was led by Khamis Saeed Butt, consisted of the APPMA President Mian Amjad Hussain, SVP Malik Ahad Amin, Honorary SVP Khawaja Nadeem Saeed Wayeen, Samiullah Butt, former APPMA




Omani Riyal



Saudi Arabia



Hong Kong
























Bullion Rates KARACHI—Following were the bullion rates in major cities yesterday. RS PER 10 GRAMS KARACHI: Gold Tezab Silver Tezabi

47142.00 788.75

MULTAN: Gold Tezabi (24-Ct) Gold 22 Ct SilverTezabi Silver Thobi

46030.00 42090.00 789.00 760.00

Unilever’s Lifebuoy celebrates 6th Global handwashing day STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Unilever’s soap Lifebuoy has called for hygiene to be recognized as a key intervention to reducing child mortality, both in the last 900 days before the Millennium Development Goal deadline and in the post-2015 development agenda. The initiative is part of the celebrations of the 6th Global Handwashing Day (GHD) – a day co-founded by Unilever’s health soap brand Lifebuoy to raise awareness of handwashing with soap as a simple, but lifesaving habit. This day is celebrated in over a 100 countries every year and Lifebuoy, a global Unilever brand, is leading the charge for it in most countries. In Pakistan Lifebuoy has been working relentlessly to inculcate the habit of handwashing in children for the last 4 years. Over 1 million children across Pakistan have been influenced directly through Lifebuoy’s programme, in collaboration with ITA. With little over three years to go until the deadline for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) including MDG 4 - to help reduce the mortality of children under five by two-thirds - Lifebuoy along with Idarae-Taleem-o-Aagahi (ITA) and The Citizen’s Foundation (TCF) are visiting schools and communities across Pakistan to create awareness on handwashing with soap as an intervention that can help save millions more lives. Reema Khan, filmstar and Lifebuoy Brand Ambassador recently unveiled a special comic book imparting the message of handwashing with soap for visually impaired children at a unique and emotionally inspiring event in Karachi. The comic which brings to life Lifebuoy’s popular characters to the visually impaired children, was unveiled at the Ida Rieu Welfare Association (for Blind and Deaf). Speaking to the media at the occasion Reema shared, “Handwashing with soap is one of the most effective and low cost ways to prevent diseases like pneumonia and diarrhoea. Research shows that handwashing with soap at key occasions can reduce the risk of diarrhoea by up to approximately 45%.” Ali Shabbar, Project Manager STEP, “According to the World Health Organization report for Pakistan in 2012, 41% of persons with disability die due to diarrhoea. In my 17 years of work I have never seen any inclusive material developed targeting health and hygiene for the visually impaired.” Shehryar Khurshid, Marketing Manager, Unilever Pakistan shared, “Lifebuoy’s Mission Healthy Pakistan is for all Pakistanis. That is why we have developed these materials to ensure that visually impaired children can also benefit from hygiene messages.

President Qayyum Raza and others. Lashari said that LCCI would soon be writing letters to Ministry of Commerce and Federal Board of Revenue for renewal of Free Trade Agreement with China. He said the LCCI would also provide details of the products, which were not manufactured in Pakistan so that they could be included in the new FTA. Over the issues of Sales Tax, Income Tax and Wealth Tax, the LCCI President said that Punjab Chief Minister had already constituted two committees with Lahore Chamber to look into business community’s problems. One committee had been constituted with Commissioner

Lahore that would be looking into the general issues, while the other had been made with Punjab Excise and Taxation Department to take up all tax related issues. Lashari invited the APPMA members to participate in LCCI plans to produce electricity on self-generation basis and also sought practical proposal from them for construction of parking plaza in Urdu Bazar and Gunpat Road. While, the LCCI Senior Vice President Mian Tariq Misbah said that electricity shortage and deteriorating law and order situation in some parts of the country had pushed the economy to wall at a time when the country

Proposed rates of property tax to be imposed after consultation OBSERVER REPORT FAISALABAD—Secretary Excise and Taxation Punjab Shahid Ashraf Tarrar said that proposed rates of property tax, valuation tables are under consultative process and will be finally imposed after due consultation with the business community. Addressing a meeting at Faisalabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FCCI) here, he categorically assured that the proposed property taxation and valuation tables were in draft form and nothing was finalized. He said that property tax survey becomes due after every

three to five years and revised rates are imposed based on the fresh survey. He invited nomination of some members from FCCI to include in the committee being constituted to finalize the rate of property tax and valuation tables. He said that properties in five large cities of Punjab were being computerized which would provide readily access to the property holders for tax evaluation and a measure to erode corruption in taxation. He said that in addition to Lahore, other cities as Faisalabad, Rawalpindi and

Multan had been included first time in the ‘A’ Category of property taxation. Earlier in his welcome address, president Faisalabad Chamber of Commerce & Industry (FCCI) Engineer Suhail Bin Rashid said that Faisalabad was the third industrial hub and second largest revenue generating city in the country. Vote of thanks was presented by Ch. Muhammad Asghar, Vice President FCCI. Additional Director Excise and Taxation Ashraf Akram Gondal and Director Faisalabad Syed Ashiq Hussain, were also present in the meeting.

FBR fails to verify tax details, assets of politicians STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The field formations of the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) have failed to take effective action for taxation of the income and assets of the parliamentarians declared in the nomination papers filed by them when they contested last elections. The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) had implemented a full-fledged strategy at national level for verification of tax details declared in the nomination papers filed by the contesting candidates in the last elections. After successful completion of the exercise, these details were forwarded to the FBR field formations for further verification and initiation of legal action in cases of glaring discrepancies. In a number of cases, the FBR itself noted glaring discrepancies and asked the field formations to take legal action in such cases. However, despite the lapse of more than five months, the field formations have failed to report even a single case where notable action has been

India cyclone not to hit rice exports, local supplies NEW DELHI —A severe cyclone that hit India’s eastern state of Odisha will not hit exports and local supplies of rice, Food Minister K. V. Thomas said on Monday. “How can it be? Our production is so high. We have ample stocks and that shows India’s strength,” Thomas said responding to a query whether damage caused by cyclone Phailin would cut rice production in the areas it hit and impact supplies. India’s summer rice crop is expected to be about 92 million tonnes this year, on a par with last year. Stocks in the country, one of the world’s largest producers and exporters, were about 21 million tonnes on Sept. 1.—Agencies

taken or taxes recovered. The inaction by the FBR field formations is nullifying the whole exercise of verification and proper taxation of the parliamentarians. Apart from the bulk details of the income declared by the

contesting candidates of Elections 2013, the field formations have also been provided detailed reports about glaring instances of tax evasion in a number of cases. However, the FBR field formations have been dragging feet on all this information and no practical steps have been taken for swift finalisation of these cases. One of the main reasons for the extremely low tax to GDP ratio and disparagingly narrow tax base in Pakistan is the wide spread belief that those who

have the capacity to pay taxes mainly avoid them due to their political leverage. In particular, politicians have either remained outside the tax net, or their tax contribution has been ridiculously low as compared to their perks and privileges and their colossal assets. During the Elections-2013, the FBR compiled data related to the income declared and tax paid by the contesting candidates for the last three years. This data is available on the website of the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP). An interesting feature of the details available on the ECP website is the fact that majority of the contesting candidates (including a former Chief Minister and a number of the leaders of the political parties) have declared annual income less than Rs 500,000. The declaration of such an income is laughable if compared with the assets declared in the nomination papers and money spent on election campaign, not to speak of the lavish life styles of the parliamentarians, sources said.

Rs1.23b approved for PWWB STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—On the recommendations of Provincial Minister for Labour and Human Resources Raja Ashfaq Sarwar, to provide funds for the completion of welfare oriented programmes for labour class, the Federal Minister Finance Ishaq Dar has approved to issue an amount of Rs 1.23 billion to Punjab Workers Welfare Board (PWWB). According to the details, the Provincial Minister had written a letter to Federal Minister Finance earlier, mentioning the issues regarding lack of funds in completion of welfare programs for the betterment of labourers and their family members. The Provincial Minister had also requested the Federal Minister to provide funds to the Punjab

Government in context of the decision of 18th amendment. The Minister Finance, in accordance with the recommendations of the contents of Raja Ashfaq Sarwar’s letter, approved an amount of Rs.1.23 billion to PWWB from the funds of Federal Workers Welfare Board. Out of this amount, Rs.107.5 million will be spent as scholarships grant, Rs 276 million as marriage grant, Rs 337 million as death grant, Rs 144 million for promotion of educational activities in workers welfare schools and Rs.300 million will be spent for the completion of developmental schemes meant for improving the living standards of laborers, factory workers and their family members.

S Arabia to join US as shale gas producer RIYADH—Opec heavyweight various types in the next few a phosphate project which is part Saudi Arabia is preparing to be among the first countries outside North America to use shale gas for power generation and thereby save more of its crude oil for lucrative exports. Inspired by a shale gas boom in the United States, which has transformed the country from the world’s largest gas importer to a budding exporter, Riyadh plans to take its first steps to commercialise its own large unconventional deposits. “We are ready to start producing our own shale gas and unconventional resources in

years and deliver them to consumers,” Saudi Aramco chief executive Khalid Al Falih said on Monday at the World Energy Congress in South Korea. “Only two years after launching our own unconventional gas programme, in the northern region of Saudi Arabia, we are ready to commit gas for the development of a 1,000 megawatt power plant which will feed a massive phosphate mining and manufacturing sector,” said Falih. The Saudi Arabian Mining Co (Maaden) plans to invest in

of a new industrial city called Waad al Shimal City for Mining Industries, with production expected to start by the end of 2016. By unlocking its gas reserves, the world’s top oil exporter could use the fuel to power its domestic economy and allow more room for oil sales to world markets. Saudi Oil Minister Ali Al Naimi has given an estimate of over 600 trillion cubic feet of unconventional gas reserves, more than double its proven conventional reserves.—Agencies

was in dire need of an accelerated growth. He said that in these circumstances, the role of Chambers of Commerce and Industry in the country and other sector-specific trade organizations like APPMA became more important and relevant. The Chamber’s Vice President Kashif Anwar urged the APPMA office-bearers to continue to guide their members about the happenings at international economic front so the people attached with paper industry could be able to do their business with peace of mind. He assured the visiting delegation that Lahore Chamber would continue to support them.

EU finance ministers meet amid US debt default warnings LUXEMBOURG—EU finance ministers were warned Monday of the “dramatic consequences” a US debt default could have as they discussed how to prevent failing banks from ever again collapsing their own economies. With US President Barack Obama holding yet another round of talks to head off a first US debt default on Thursday, EU Economic Affairs Commissioner Olli Rehn said it was vital a solution was found. “Otherwise it could have potentially dramatic consequences on the world economy and on the still nascent recovery in Europe,” Rehn said. Jeroen Dijsselbloem, who heads the Eurogroup of the 17 eurozone nations, said finance ministers had reviewed positively the situation in Spain, whose overextended banks had to be bailed out, and in rescued Ireland. “In both, the economic and budgetary outlook has improved,” Dijsselbloem said, with Dublin and Madrid set to complete their programmes by year-end. Whether they would need “accompanying measures” to get them through the transition would be discussed in November, he added. Dijsselbloem said that in Portugal, whose bailout programme ends next year, “reforms are beginning to bear fruit but a number of longstanding challenges remain. “The pace of reform and fiscal consolidation must be maintained,” he said. There has been much speculation that twice bailedout Greece could need more help and Dijsselbloem was cautious in reply to questions at the close of the Eurogroup meeting. Greece should have a primary fiscal surplus by the end of this year — that is, a budget surplus excluding interest payments — and the country was making progress, he said. However, there was “no doubt the reform process has a long way to go,” he added, saying more would be known once the troika of Greece’s creditors — the EU, European Central Bank and International Monetary Fund — report back on their latest review mission. With that likely in December, Dijsselbloem insisted it was too early to talk about specifics but stressed there could be no prospect of another cut in debt for Athens. Earlier, ECB executive board member Joerg Asmussen said Greece faced a fiscal gap next year which it had to meet — implying yet more austerity despite Athens warning it could handle no more. There was also a funding gap in its bailout programme next year of some 5.0-6.0 billion euros, Asmussen said, shooting down any idea this could be covered by a bond rollover.—Agencies

Dwindling rupee From Page 13 while margins increased due to stable cotton prices and 8pc Pak rupee depreciation against US dollar. To recall, textile makers’ margins got a severe hit in FY12 due to sharp volatility in cotton prices. In FY13, local cotton prices remained stable at an average of Rs6,540 per 40kg whereas in FY12 price range was Rs5,252-9,003 per 40kg which depicts high volatility. Leading textile industrialists insist that the rise in gas tariff for captive power plants by 17.4pc and electricity rates for industrial units by 57pc in recent months are going to hit the profitability of the sector in the ongoing fiscal 2014.

Rising onion costs send India inflation to 7-month high

Samsung, Sindh Tevta sign MoU

MUMBAI—A four-fold surge in


the cost of onions helped push Indian inflation to a sevenmonth-high in September, data showed Monday, fuelling expectations of another interest rate hike as authorities struggle to get the economy back on track. The Wholesale Price Index hit 6.46 percent last month, from 6.10 percent in August — and much higher than analyst forecasts of 6.0 percent — driven by surging vegetable and fuel prices. “Rising input costs have pushed up core inflation,” said Rupa Rege Nitsure, economist with state-run Bank of Baroda. The scandal-tainted Congress-led government of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is anxious to tame inflation and revive the economy as it seeks a third term in office with elections due by May 2014. The main driver of the surge in inflation was vegetable prices, which rose 18.40 percent yearon-year while the cost of onions, regarded as cooking essential, increased 322 percent owing to a supply shortage. India’s new central bank governor Raghuram Rajan surprised markets last month by hiking interest rates as inflation began to creep up.—Agencies

Muhammad Abbas Baloch Chairman Sindh TEVTA. LAHORE—Samsung ElectronMr. Saad-ul-Hassan, Head ics Co. Ltd., a global market leader and award-winning innovator, has signed an MOU (Memorandum of Understanding) with Sindh TEVTA (Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority) to establish training labs in Karachi. This ‘hands-on’ lab training will enable students to gain the necessary experience and technical skill to seek employment opporof Corporate Marketing said, tunities. According to the MOU, “We are pleased to partner Samsung Pakistan will provide with the Sindh Tevta and beelectronic products to Sindh lieve that technical education TEVTA exclusively for educa- & vocational trainings are tional and training purposes. The pivotal to revive our economy. students at Sindh TEVTA will country’s be deemed competent to use Samsung will continue its these products by the TEVTA work for uplifting the society, faculty. Samsung Pakistan will particularly investing in the also from time to time provide education sector.” Chairman Sindh Tevta, further assistance by teaching and training the faculty at Muhammad Abbas Baloch has TEVTA by conducting special- shown his personal interest in ized workshops and seminars. this project and has requested to Further to this, detailed techni- expand these projects to rural cal training manuals shall also areas as well, he further said” be provided to the staff to en- Sindh TEVTA’s objectives are focused on establishing a prorich the teaching experience. Present at the signing cer- ductive workforce by developemony were Mr. Saad ul Hasan ing standardized technical eduHead of Corporate Marketing cation and vocational training to Samsung Pakistan and be at par with globally competitive workforces.

ISO, ITU employing time-tested benefits of standardization OBSERVER REPORT F AISALABAD —International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and International Telecommunication Union (ITU) are employing the timetested benefits of standardization to broker global consensus on the best approaches to contemporary social, economic and environmental challenges. This was stated by Muhammad Idrees Warraich, President Pakistan Consumer Protection Voice while addressing a seminar on “Less Waste, Better Results: Standards Increase Efficiency” arranged by Faisalabad Citizen Forum in order to mark World Standards Day. He said that in today’s highly competitive and complex world, the issue of sustainability,

viewed from an economic, environmental and societal perspective means that businesses must be more efficient across a wide range of measures and issues. He said the principles underlying international standardization are today more relevant than ever as standards continue to ensure positive change by removing barriers to communication and cooperation, and the work of IEC, ISO and ITU remains central to the development of standards that share knowledge among all the world’s countries and so provide building blocks for global prosperity. He said these benefits are ultimately all passed on to the consumer in the form of greater choice, increased quality and

Rs30.57b funds approved for uplift projects in 1Q STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—The Punjab Government has accorded approval for releasing an amount of Rs 30.57 billion for uplift projects in the Province during the first quarter from July to September 2013. According to quarterly report issued by Planning & Development Department, the total volume of development projects in the Provincial budget 2013-14 is Rs 240 billion. The Punjab government divided its core development budget into six parts which called Social Sector, Infrastructure Development, Production Sector, Services Sector, Miscellaneous and Special Programs/Initiatives. Over Rs 11.02 billion have been spent on uplift schemes during the first quarter from July to September 2013, showing 36.05 percent spending of funds on development projects, said P&D Spokesman. According to sources, over Rs 10.98 billion out of over Rs 90.80 billion were approved for uplift projects of social sector. A sum of over Rs 1.82 billion has been spent on uplift projects

showing 16.60 percent spending of funds. The P&D Board approved over Rs. 14.53 billion out of the total Rs 90.71 billion allocated for Infrastructure Development sector during the same period while over Rs 5.92 billion have been spent on the projects registering 40.73 percent spending of funds. For Production Sector, Rs 1.51 billion were approved, out of over Rs 11.09 billion while over Rs 0.36 billion were spent on development schemes with 23.94 percent spending of funds. Over Rs 0.56 billion, out of total allocated amount of over Rs 13.56 billion were approved for Services Sector during the first quarter and over Rs 0.03 billion were spent showing 5.57 percent spending of funds. For miscellaneous sector, over Rs 0.13 billion were approved, out of total Rs 9.01 billion and Rs 0.02 billion were spent on projects. For Special Programs/Initiatives, over Rs 2.87 billion were approved, out of total Rs 24.84 billion and Rs 2.87 billion were spent on projects from July to September 2013, the sources added.

Two-day Eid Bazaar opened at WBDC Peshawar STAFF REPORTER PESHAWAR—A two-day Eid Bazaar started under the auspices of the Women Business Development Centre (WBDC) Peshawar at its display centre here. The special bazaar would continue on October 15. President, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Chamber of Commerce & Industry (KPCCI), Zahidullah Shinwari had inaugurated the event. Women entrepreneurs from all over Peshawar are participating actively in the exhibition. Their products range from a variety of unstitched and stitched clothes, shoes, jewelry, hand bags and other accessories for the festivities of Eidul Azha. Products from Lasoona, a Swat based non-governmental organi-

zation are also on display. President, KPCCI, Zahidullah Shinwari appreciated the performance and endeavours of WBDC for the promotion of women entrepreneurship in the province. He said that the holding of such kind of activities will go long way in the promotion of women entrepreneurship, and also help generate employment opportunities. He on behalf of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Chamber offered full cooperation to WBDC in the promotion of such activities. On this occasion, Provincial Chief Smeda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Javed Iqbal Khattak and Project Director, WBDC, Peshawar, Ms. Nabeela Farman delivered briefing on the project in general and the purpose of the event in particular.

lower prices. Sajjad Bhatti, Assistant Director Punjab Consumer Protection Council and Registrar Consumer Court Faisalabad said that International standards bodies such as IEC, ISO, and ITU provide cohesion to a myriad of national and regional standards; thereby harmonizing global best practices, eliminating technical barriers to trade, and fostering shared socio-economic advance. He said in Faisalabad Consumer Protection Court is working for creation of a standard business infrastructure to safeguard the buyers of different commodities because standards are also applied as tools to help reduce climate change by improving energy efficiency and decreasing waste and greenhouse gas emissions.

Parties bicker over urea import ISLAMABAD—The Punjab government has reportedly complained that National Fertilizer Marketing Company (NFML) is fuelling the black market and encouraging the hoarding of urea by not sharing details of transportation with the province, it was learnt. Sources said the issue was raised by the representatives of Punjab government during a meeting focused on reviewing demand and supply situation for Rabi crop. The NFML was directed to provide details of urea transportation from port to bulk stores or dealers with all provinces under intimation to the Ministry of Industries and Production. Sources said the representatives of fertilizer industry reportedly opposed the import of urea, arguing that sufficient urea was available in the country. According to them, there is 3.15 million tons of urea in the country against a demand of 2.9 million tons. The National Fertilizer Development Corporation (NFDC) reportedly supported urea imports by pointing out that, at present, the price of urea in the international market was at its lowest level and therefore, it was the best time to import it. They further argued that if the imported urea was not utilized in Rabi season then it could be utilized in the forthcoming Kharif season. The four provincial governments’ total urea requirements for Rabi 2013-14 was 3.21 million tons and not 2.9 million tons as stated by the fertilizer industry. The province-wise demand laid out during the meeting by the provinces was as follows: Punjab province would require 2.13 million tons urea for the Rabi season, Sindh province 0.667 million tons, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 0.254 million tons and Balochistan province 0.15 million tons. Ministry of National Food Security & Research underlined the need for minimizing the price differential between local and imported urea because it was only benefiting the middleman.—Agencies

First big wall climbing expedition

Trango Braak scaled by two Pakistanis I S L A M A B A D —Two Paki- country.” stani rock climbers, Imran Junaidi and Usman Tariq, have succeeded in the country’s first Big Wall Climbing Expedition and scaled Trango Braak situated at Central Karakoram National Park, Baltistan. The expedition was a joint effort of Pakistan Alpine Institute and Ibex Climbing Club, working under the umbrella of Islamabad Sport Climbing Association and Islamabad Olympic Association. Imran Junaidi and Usman Tariq, while sharing their success story with this news agency on Monday, said, “They are extremely happy to have taken on this challenge. The climb was no doubt quite challenging at times but our four years training made it possible to achieve the honour for the

They said that the expedition was executed under the guidelines of Pakistan’s legend mountaineer Hassan Satpara, who is the only Pakistani to climb six mountains higher than 8000 meters from sea level. Imran Junaidi said that big wall climbing is a unique concept of rock climbing where climbers ascend a long-pitch route, normally requiring more than a single day to complete the climb. Big wall routes require the climbing team to live on the route often using Portaledge and hauling equipment. While, Portaledge is a deployable hanging tent system designed for rock climbers who spend multiple days and nights on a big wall. The team departed from

Islamabad with plans to climb the Trango Towers and to scale a virgin line at Trango Braak. Trango is the series of world’s most famous rock climbing playgrounds. It reached at the Trango base camp after the struggle of five days. Later on, camp 1 was established at the height of 4800 meters from sea level. Converse to the forecast, weather changed with heavy snowfall. Although, camp 2 was established at the height of 5200 meters, but unfavorable weather became the worst hurdle to summit the tower and compelled the team to descend to the height of 4000 meters. The team elected a virgin line at Trango Braak which was climbed with three-day efforts with Portaledge.—APP ABU DHABI: A fan resplendent in Pakistan colours, during 2nd day of Pakistan v South Africa on Tuesday.

Malek slams political pressure Karachi to boycott match with Israeli Commissioner D UBAI —The brother and the tournament in Tashkent, toral campaign, and everyone manager of Tunisian tennis star Malek Jaziri slammed as “shocking” the political pressure to boycott a match with Israel’s Amir Weintraub from the authorities back home. This decision is “shocking, because it brings politics into sport... We are totally against that. And Malek is the first victim, because tennis is his career, his bread-winner,” Amir Jaziri told AFP. “To be clear, Malek pulled out for sporting reasons, because he was injured. He did his warm up, something was wrong and the doctor found that his knee was swollen,” he said. When Jaziri withdrew from Friday’s match against Weintraub, in the quarter-final of the Challenger tournament in Tashkent, he also cited knee problems. “But at the political level, we received an order not to play. It was an email from the Tunisian Tennis Federation, via the national technical director,” Amir continued, detailing the contents of the email. “‘After the meeting at the ministry of youth and sports with Riadh Azaiez, I regret to inform you that you cannot play,’” he said, quoting the email, and referring to the director of the country’s sporting elite at the ministry. Both Jaziri, who is currently ranked world number 169, and Weintraub are members of the same top-flight tennis club in France - Sarcelles Tennis - north of Paris and have known each other for years through their sport. Contacted by AFP, the club’s president Jonathan Chaouat said Jaziri was in fact the reason for Weintraub’s recruitment by the club. The 29-year-old Tunisian, who has declined to talk to the press since withdrawing from

could have risen to 135th had he won. The ministry insisted that it had nothing to do with the order instructing him not to play, stressing that the decision came rom the tennis federation. Amir said he didn’t know whether his brother would have played the match if he hadn’t been suffering from a knee injury. But he said he failed to understand how such an order could be given after Malek had already played Weintraub and “Tunisia has played Israel in the 2009 Fed Cup.” “Tennis doesn’t normally get much media coverage in Tunisia. What happened was only done as part of an elec-

profits (electorally) from this,” Amir Jaziri charged. The country has been locked in a political crisis since the summer due to deadlocked negotiations between the ruling Islamist party and the opposition. But parliamentary and presidential elections are expected to take place in the coming months, if the rival factions manage to reach an accord on an interim government. Tunisia has historically supported the Palestinians in their struggle with Israel, hosting Yasser Arafat’s Palestine Liberation Organisation between 1982 and 1994 after it was expelled from Lebanon—AFP

Lawyers team leave for India to feature in Lawyers Cricket World Cup I S L A M A B A D —An elevenmember Pakistan Lawyers Cricket Team departed from Wagha Border for India on Sunday to feature in the 4th Lawyers Cricket World Cup that starts in Delhi from M o n d a y. According to Pakistan Lawyers’ team spokesman and senior player Wasif Zaman six more players would proceed to India on Tuesday after getting their visas from Indian High Commission in Islamabad. Besides Pakistan and hosts India teams from Sri Lanka, England, Australia and West Indies will participate in the World Cup, which is expected to be the one of the greatest cricketing events in the world of legal professionals and judges.

It is anticipated that the tournament would be highly competitive and keenly contested. The previous World Cups were held in Hyderabad, India (2007), Cambridge, England (2209) and the Barbados islands in the Caribbean (2011). Squad: Sardar Jamal Sukhera(captain), Wasif Zaman, Mian Safdar Ali, Zia-us-Saboor Khan, Adnan Naeem, Arshad Nazeer, M. Fazil, Kashif Sohail, Rafiq Anees, Arshad Naveed and Abdulha Butt. Wasif said six players Salman Huda, Abdullha Lakhani, Tariq Mehmood, Asif Hussain Shah, Anees Shahzad, Abdullha Bilal along with Coach Abdul Majeed leave for India on Tuesday.—APP

felicitates Asif Azeem

K A R A C H I —Commissioner of Karachi Shoaib Ahmad Siddiqui has felicitated Asif Azeem, information secretary for Sindh Olympics Association, for assuming responsibilities as Media Advisor to Pakistan Olympics Association. In a message on Tuesday, he hoped that contribution of Asif in promotion of sports activities in the province would help him make his mark at the national and international levels too. The Commissioner said promotion of sports activities in the country was the need of hour and it was equally important to encourage youth towards healthy recreation with sports on the top of list.—APP

Khalid, Salman excel as Malir Gymkhana lift Essa Jaffar T20 Trophy K A R A C H I —International Khalid Latif banged half century and Muhammad Salman captured three wickets as Malir Gymkhana clinched the inaugural Essa Jaffar Memorial T20 Inter Club Cricket Tournament with an impressive 40-run victory over Eaton Cricket Club under lights in the final at Arabian Sea Country Club Ground on Monday night. Khalid smashed three boundaries and hoisted three sixes in his run a ball 54 and Yasir Mushtaq banged brace of sixes and one four in his 8ball cameo of 21 as batting first, Malir Gymkhana raised a competitive total of 139 for the loss of seven wickets.

Eaton CC in reply was restricted to 99 for the loss of nine wickets. Muhammad Salman claimed three wickets for 13 runs. Former Pakistan captain Rashid Latif, who was the chief guest on the occasion presented the winning trophy and cash purse of Rs.25, 000 to Malir Gymkhana captain Ariz Kamal while Eaton CC captain Fahad Anjum collected the runners-up trophy and purse of Rs.15, 000. Fahad Anjum was named player of the tournament and got Rs.10, 000. Arif Ali Khan Abbasi, Former Chief Executive Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) and Chief executive

ASCC, sponsor Nadeem Omar of Omar Associates and former International Hasan Jamil and other officials were also present on the occasion. Match was supervised by umpire Riazuddin and Khalid Mahmood while Junaid Ghafoor was the TV Umpire and Akbar Alam match referee. Kamran Zaheer was scorer. Summarized scores: Malir Gymkhana 139-7 in 20 overs (Khalid Latif 54, Yasir Mushtaq 21, Imran Haider 17, Kashif Habib 2-19) Eaton CC 99-9 in 20 overs (Ali Jawad 28, Bilal Parvez 20, Khalil-urRehman 18, M.Salman 3-13, Ariz Kamal 2-16).—APP

Multan sports gymnasium near completion

National Women Judo C’ship in next month: Masood PESHAWAR—The 6th edition of the Women National Judo Championship will commence in the last week of November at Lahore, Secretary Pakistan Judo Federation Masood Ahmad told APP here on Saturday. He said the women judokas would compete in the following weight categories in the Championship like 40Kg, -44Kg, -48Kg, -52Kg, 57Kg, -63Kg, 70Kg and Open weight. In this event, besides the four provinces, Islamabad, FATA, AJK (For the First time) along Fourteen (14) major Units of Pakistan including Pakistan Army, Pakistan Wapda, Pakistan Navy, Pakistan Police, and HEC will take part. All the National and International Female players of Pakistan will also participate and they will strive for the best to win top positions in the Championship. Pakistan Army will try its best to defend its overall trophy, Masood said. Masood Ahmed said that they are fully committed to develop judo all over the country. He said PJF wants to encourage women sports. He also lauded President Pakistan Judo Federation Col (Retd) Rana Shujah for extending all out support to him.—APP

M U LTA N —District sports officer Chaudhry Sadique said the Multan sports gymnasium was in its final stages of completion. Talking to APP, he said the district sports department had arranged many events to promote local talent. He said that every game was dealt by the district sports department excluding cricket which was managed by associations. He said that work on conM ADRID —World Player of struction of the football comthe Year Lionel Messi returned plex was under process but to full training with his it was delayed for shortage of funds. RAWALPINDI: DSP City Raja Taifour and other members inaugurating Karimboard Barcelona teammates on Monday for the first time since He said the marathon race final organized by Crime and Court Reporters Association suffering a thigh injury two weeks ago. The Argentine was forced off with the problem in the 2-0 win over Almeria on September 29 after scoring his 11th goal in just nine appearances this season to give his side the lead in that game. Messi stayed in Barcelona K ARACHI —Pakistan starts one Test or better, thereby points and leads Pakistan by to continue his recuperation its campaign in the two-Test pushing Australia into fifth 38 ratings points. This gap means Graeme process rather than travelling series against number-one place and West Indies into ranked South Africa from sixth rank, said an ICC state- Smith’s side is favorites to to represent his country with win the two-Test series. As Alejandro Sabella’s men set to Monday at Sheikh Zayad ment issued on Sunday. In case of a 1-0 series win, such, because the rankings take on Copa America chamStadium in Abu Dhabi, with an opportunity to reclaim its Misbah-ul-Haq’s side will are weighted to reflect this pions Uruguay in Montevideo number-four position on the gain nine ratings points to difference, if South Africa on Tuesday. And it is expected that end at 106. win both the Tests, then it ICC Test ranking. Pakistan can gain up to will gain just one rating the 26-year-old will be fit Pakistan is currently ranked sixth with 97 ratings 11 ratings points if it wins point but will lose as many enough to start Barca’s match points, just two ratings both the Tests and jump to as four ratings points if the away to Osasuna on Saturday points behind fifth-ranked fourth place with 108, thereby series ends in a draw, eight ahead of a big week for the West Indies on 99 and four gaining seven ratings points points in case of a 0-1 de- Spanish champions as they behind fourth-ranked Aus- lead over Australia and nine feat and 10 points if Paki- travel to AC Milan in the tralia on 101. Now, Pakistan ratings lead over West Indies. stan wins both the Tests Champions League before has an opportunity to regain South Africa heads the ICC ICC Test Team Rankings hosting Real Madrid on October 26.—AFP the fourth place if it wins by Test ranking with 135 ratings table.—APP

Messi returns to Barcelona training

Opportunity for Pakistan to return to top four

Vermaelen may consider leaving Arsenal

ISLAMABAD: Youngsters playing cricket during Eid holiday.

L ONDON —Central defender Thomas Vermaelen is mulling the prospect of leaving Arsenal in January to boost his chances of playing for Belgium in the World Cup finals. Vermaelen has struggled to regain his place in the Arsenal side after returning from a back problem and appears to have slipped down the pecking order for his country, who have qualified

for their first World Cup since 2002. He was an unused substitute in Arsenal’s last three matches and also failed to start in Belgium’s decisive win over Croatia on Friday even with Vincent Kompany out injured. “Yes, I have to think about that when it’s necessary,” Vermaelen was quoted in British newspapers about his future at the north Lon-

don club. “Of course, never playing will not be the ideal situation for me to go to the World Cup, that’s for sure.” Vermaelen, who joined Arsenal from Ajax Amsterdam in 2009, was club captain last year and has made nearly 100 appearances for the club but manager Arsene Wenger has stuck with the combination of Per Mertesacker and Laurent

Koscielny since Vermaelen returned to fitness. “People ask me if I am concerned, but I don’t panic,” Vermaelen, who has spoken to Wenger about his situation, said. “It’s just a matter of injuries or suspensions to play again. Those things can happen in a split second and change my situation. That can happen tomorrow or next weekend.—AFP

Rare century partnership spurs Pakistan reply

Manzoor ton breaks top-order drought A BU D HABI—A solid part- ery of the current No. 1 side nership between Manzoor and Masood negotiated the South African attack to put Pakistan in a strong position. Usually, a couple of hours into a Pakistan Test innings, Younis Khan is in the middle trying to rescue the team after the top order has floundered. In Abu Dhabi, he was relaxing in the pavilion, fiddling around with a camera while chatting with Junaid Khan. He could afford to joke around as Pakistan’s new opening pair, Khurram Manzoor and Shan Masood, put on 135 runs, Pakistan’s first century stand for the first wicket since January 2012, back when they were making a mockery of England’s No. 1 ranking. It is much too soon to talk of the making a mock-

in the world, but their sixth different opening combination in seven Tests has at least provided them the base for a healthy first-innings side. Debutant Masood outside-edged his first ball in international cricket past the slips, survived a half chance to Jacques Kallis at second slip and had several plays-and-misses but he didn’t look out of his depth in Test cricket. He pounced on the many legstump deliveries offered in the morning session and kept up a brisk scoring rate, and also eased the pressure with several quick singles. He looked particularly strong on the leg side, confidently pulling Vernon Philander and using his wrists when Dale Steyn overpitched.

His partner Manzoor isn’t very experienced either, playing only his 10th Test spread over more than four years. He is fresh off twin half-centuries in his previous Test, and though he too had a few nervy moments early on, he too didn’t throw away his wicket. He was generally watchful against the quicks, wearing a blow on his ribs from Jacques Kallis, and only opened out just before lunch when the spinners came on, taking three boundaries in two overs. The runs didn’t come as quickly in the second session for Manzoor, but you could see how much he wanted to make a big score. When he was beaten outside off by a lifter from Steyn at the end of the 31st over, he repeatedly admon-

‘Pakistani batsmen capable of extraordinarily stupid things’ L ONDON —Former England nated the five-day format and good. batsman Geoff Boycott says that despite possessing a formidable arsenal of spinners, Pakistan must focus on putting runs on the board against South Africa because its batsmen had “the ability to do some extraordinarily stupid things.” “The problems with the Pakistani batsmen barring Younis Khan and Misbah-ulHaq aren’t technical issues. It’s more to do with what’s between their ears. With some of them, there is nothing between the ears!” Boycott told in a interview. ‘Hosts’ Pakistan are expected to roll out slow, spinfriendly tracks when they take on Graeme Smith’s team in a two-Test series starting from Monday in Abu Dhabi. Smith’s Proteas have domi-

are unbeaten in a Test series (away from home) since losing to Sri Lanka in 2006. But the potentially placid tracks are expected to ask a few questions of the number-one ranked side. But Boycott says rather than being fixated with the quality of their spin-attack the Pakistanis should worry about their batting line up. “The problem with the Pakistan batsmen is that they will suddenly explode and do something daft and get themselves out by playing irresponsible shots. That’s more due to the playing conditions back home in Pakistan, where they get away with playing sloppy shots but you don’t get away with such shots so easily when the opposition is of a higher quality and the bowling is very

“Batting is not only about footwork and technique but also about thinking - cricket thinking. The Pakistani batsmen have the ability to do some extraordinarily stupid things. If you tie them down, stop them scoring for a while then suddenly they get nervous and tense and feel they have to ‘beat the ball’ instead of playing their way out of a difficult situation,” Boycott added. “Pakistan’s game plan should be to stay level with or close to the South Africans for the first three days and then [Saeed] Ajmal and [Abdur] Rehman can come into their own. The key for the Pakistani batting line up is stay as close as possible to South Africa’s L O N D O N —Table-propping first innings totals.”—AFP Austrian side Admira Wacker ’s chaotic season took another turn when they were deducted eight points for breaching licensing regulations, the club the country, and its fans, will said in a statement. The Austrian end any time soon. It’s a formula that works well — as Bundesliga’s decision has seven titles in total suggest. left Admira, previously bot“What I’m impressed the tom of the 10-team table most with is the appreciation with eight points and althat they have in really being ready on to their third able to come every single day coach of the season, with in front of the hotel, morning no points from their 11 and evening, and wait for you, games. Admira were “fully unwish you luck, welcome you,” he said. “For me that’s unusual prepared” for the decision because I don’t get to experi- and would appeal, the club ence that in the other tourna- said on their website ments. I really respect that a ( w w w. a d m i r a w a c k e r. a t ) . lot and I feel that love, and try They blamed the move on a long-running and comto return that as well.” Also on the agenda for plex dispute over where Djokovic is his impending mar- they should be paying their riage to his fiancee, swimwear local taxes. Admira appointed model Jelena Ristic, who can often be seen courtside at his former Austria forward Toni Polster, the country’s matches. record scorer at international level, as coach before the start of the season but fired him after three games. Polster was followed by his assistant Oliver Lederer, who was in charge for a month but had to step aside because he lacked an official coaching license. He was officially replaced in September by Walter Knaller, although the club says that the pair are joint coaches. Admira Wacker are the product of a number of fusions over the years, typical of the often bewildering changes in Austrian football. The most recent merger was in 1997 when Admira Wacker joined forces with VfB Moedling, which was founded in 1911. Admira Wacker had been created in 1971 by the a merger of Wacker Vienna “I will leave most of the and Admira Vienna, who organisation for the wedding themselves had been one to my fiancee. I’m sure she’s of Austria’s most successgoing to handle it better than I ful clubs until that point do,” admitted the 26-year- with eight league and six Cup titles.—AFP old.— AFP

Djoker’s reply to rankings fall SHANGHAI —Shanghai Masters champion Novak Djokovic said he still has unfinished business this season after delivering the perfect response to being knocked off the men’s top ranking. The soon-to-be-married Serb ceded the world number one spot to Rafael Nadal, but his reaction has been emphatic with an unbeaten run in China adding two titles to his collection. Immediately after Nadal returned to number one by reaching the China Open final, Djokovic proved he was not about to go away by defending his title from the Spaniard in straight sets. He then swept all before him in Shanghai to retain a trophy for the second time in two weeks, outlasting Juan Martin del Potro in Sunday’s thrilling final to win his 20th consecutive match in China. Djokovic said he had not yet contemplated next year’s Grand Slams and was still focused on 2013, with the Paris Masters, World Tour Finals and Davis Cup final still to come. “Well, I’m still in this year. It hasn’t finished,” said the world number two, after his 61, 3-6, 7-6 (7/3) win over del Potro on Sunday. “I really will try to do my best till the end of the season, then I’m going to start thinking about what my goals are for next year.” Nadal has unquestionably been the stand-out player this season after making a phenomenal return from injury to claim 10 titles including the French Open and the US Open. But Djokovic has been no slouch, retaining his Australian Open crown, narrowly losing to Nadal in the semi-finals at Roland Garros and again in the final at Flushing Meadows. He was beaten by Andy Murray in the Wimbledon final. Djokovic’s chances of finishing ahead of Nadal as year-

end number one are slim as the Spaniard, who was out injured this time last year, has no points to defend in the rolling rankings. “I put myself in a better position right now with back-to-back wins,” Djokovic said of his hopes of returning to the top spot. “But the fact that if I would win, I would put myself in a better position, did not affect my motivation. My motivation is there always, especially when I’m playing finals of such a big event. “I wanted this title as much as my opponent. That’s what’s going to stay forever.” The six-time Grand Slam winner has won five titles this year. He will now defend his title at the World Tour finals

and attempt to win the Davis Cup for a second time in next month’s decider against the Czech Republic. The Serb leaves China showing no signs that his love affair with

ished himself for playing at the delivery, giving a couple of punches to his helmet to remind himself to be more disciplined. Steyn had a rare off day with the new ball, leaking 31 in five overs and didn’t pose a threat consistently enough. Philander, playing his first Test in Asia, maintained the tight line he is renowned for but pitched a touch too short on a surface which is slower than the ones he is accustomed to. Morne Morkel was the best of the bowlers, probing away around off and getting the ball to rear at the batsmen. The slow pitch wasn’t giving the quicks anything though, and South Africa’s most glaring weakness their spin department - was asked to deliver. Robin Peterson didn’t show the accuracy necessary for a lead spinner, and it was JP Duminy who finally provided the breakthrough, getting Masood lbw with tea approaching. The wickets came early for Pakistan in the morning, needing only 19 balls to claim the remaining two South Africa wickets and wrap up the innings on 249. Pakistan have had two nearly perfect sessions, giving the larger-thanusual holiday crowd plenty to cheer, but they still have plenty of hard work ahead of them against Graeme Smith’s resilient team.— AFP

Austrian table-proppers Admira lose eight points in tax row

ABU DHABI: Khurram Manzoor cuts one square, during 2nd day of Pakistan v South Africa on Tuesday.

BCCI to grant England seek to polish off Sachin’s ‘home ground’ wish World Cup attempt LONDON—England conclude ond-place Ukraine’s result visiting their World Cup qualification campaign against Poland on Tuesday, needing a victory to reserve a berth in Brazil and avoid another night of Wembley Stadium infamy. Wembley was the setting when the Poles denied England a place at the World Cup in 1973 and it was also the backdrop for a 3-2 loss to Croatia on a rain-sodden night in 2007 that prevented England reaching Euro 2008. Alf Ramsey, architect of England’s 1966 World Cup triumph, and Steve McClaren paid for those failures with their jobs, but current manager Roy Hodgson approaches the game buoyed by a 4-1 success against Montenegro. A point clear at the top of European qualifying Group H, England need only match sec-

away to San Marino, but with the Ukrainians almost certain to win in Serravalle, Hodgson’s side will not be making calculations. Poland’s 1-0 loss in Ukraine on Friday means that Waldemar Fornalik’s side can no longer qualify, but with 18,000 Polish supporters expected at Wembley, Hodgson does not anticipate a straightforward evening. “They will want to come here and get another good result just like Poland did in 1973. We are going to be preparing for the very best Poland can be. “If we are lucky and they decide not to turn up and allow us to stroll through them, so be it. But I am not expecting it.” It may be Fornalik’s last game in charge of Poland but

captain Jakub Blaszczykowski says that he and his team-mates are determined to end the campaign on a positive note. “There are sure to be many Polish fans there. We want to thank them with a good game and the right result,” said the Borussia Dortmund winger.Both teams will be without important players in the full-back positions. Poland right-back Lukasz Piszczek is out and England have left-back Ashley Cole injured and right-back Kyle Walker suspended. Leighton Baines, who impressed against Montenegro, will once again deputise for Cole, while Hodgson must choose between Manchester United duo Phil Jones and Chris Smalling as Walker’s replacement.—AFP

M UMBAI —The BCCI today decided to grant Sachin Tendulkar’s wish to play his 200th Test at the Wankhede Stadium. The cricket board said that the second match of the two-Test series against West Indies in November will be played between November 14 to 18. The first Test would be held from November 6- 10 in Kolkata. Both Tests are expected to be the most viewed of all time. Sachin’s mother Rajni would also be present to see his son play for India for the final time during the milestone game. “Tendulkar requested his 200th Test be held in Mumbai so his mother can watch it, keeping the sentiment in mind, the request was

Century and hat-trick in the same Test is as remarkable as two hat-tricks in one Test, says BD team coach BIPIN DANI OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT M UMBAI —The performance of scoring a century and grabbing the hat-trick in the same Test by bowling all-rounder Sohag Gazi in the last Test against New Zealand is hard to compare with Australia’s Jimmy Mathews, who took two hat-tricks in the same Test (against South Africa, triangular series in England in 1912), according to Bangladesh’s Australian coach Shane Jurgensen. Speaking exclusively over telephone from Dhaka, he says, “I think both performances are remarkable but I will probably lean to-

wards the two hat-tricks being a former bowler myself”. The 37-year-old Jurgensen claims to have taken two hat-tricks in an innings in a junior match once but it was certainly not the game at the highest level. “Gazi’s performance however was outstanding and a significant reason along with the other performers for the team to create the result from this Test Match. And it gives us confidence going into the 2nd Test and a possible series win”, he added. “It was also great to see the team come together at the time of the hat-trick. It was a fantastic catch from Shakib and well celebrated by the boys”.“The pitch was not offering a lot of turn for the spin-

ners but he bowled three very good deliveries to achieve it. That makes Gazi’s hat-trick an even more fantastic effort”, he further added. Interestingly, Gazi’s first ball in the Test cricket was sensational as it was hit for a six by Windies’ Chris Gayle. “Gazi hit world cricket with a bang last year against the West Indies with his first test wicket of Chris Gayle in his 2nd over. He had a great series against them, then took the confidence into domestic cricket and then on to our away your to SL”. “However recently he had a quiet tour to Zimbabwe in seam friendly conditions and he had some tough times on the recent A tour of the UK”, Jurgensen added.

“He has however recently learnt a lot about bowling in overseas conditions and also about himself and the physical and mental demands of international cricket. Just before this series he has been working hard off the field in all areas to support his contribution on the field. So it’s nice to see the reward for his hard work”. “There has been a significant culture shift within the team in this area and Gazi is a good example. Special mention also must go to Mominul Haque. I think it has been underestimated about how good of an innings it was for the team and the result of the Test”, he signed off.

Hard to compare hype over Sachin’s retirement news with Bradman OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT MUMBAI—Sachin Tendulkar’s retirement will be the biggest news in cricket for some time, according to Rina Hore, the Executive Director at Bradman Foundation and Bradman Museum. Asked to compare the hype of Sachin Tendulkar’s retirement news with Bradman’s, she exclusively says from Sydney, “as for the ‘more hype in the media’ regarding Sachin Tendulkar’s retirement it’s very hard to measure the difference across a gap of

over 60 years but no doubt it is the biggest news in cricket for some time”. “Sachin is without doubt the greatest Test cricketer since Sir Donald Bradman, however as Sachin has played over 400 one day games in addition to Test matches and has consistently travelled the world, played on a multitude of grounds with varying conditions in many more countries than Sir Donald (Bradman)”. “History will show that Sachin’s entire career has set an amazing high level of achievement. It will be the standard by which contemporary players will be mea-

sured and compared for decades to come”. Bradman had announced his retirement-plan six months ahead of his last Test match, compared to Sachin Tendulkar’ who is set to say goodbye to Test cricket some 44 days from now. “Don Bradman had said on the announcement of the Australian squad to tour England on 11 Feb 1948. Bradman’s last Test match (v Eng at The Oval) finished on August 18", she added. Bradman’s words. “I recognise that any tour at my age will be a heavy responsibility – one which I feel reluctant to accept – but if

required to do so, I feel this would be my final opportunity to serve the game which has played such a big part of my life’. Sir Donald Bradman – A Biography by Irving Rosenwater, London 1978, page 330". Bradman’s retirement news can also be found here : ndp/del/article/75580473 “The Bradman Museum congratulates Sachin on his outstanding career and also the manner in which he has consistently shown such a deep respect for the game”, she signed off.

Honey memory boost too sweet to be true?


DAILY spoonful of Malaysian honey may boost postmenopausal women‘s memory, researchers say in a new report that aims to provide an “alternative therapy” for hormone-related intellectual decline. In the study, 102 healthy women were randomly assigned to eat 20 grams of honey a day, take hormone-replacement therapy containing estrogen and progesterone or do nothing. After four months, those who took honey or hormone pills recalled about one extra word out of 15 presented on a short-term memory test. “The immediate memory improvement in the honey group is probably best explained by improvement in concentration and overall well-being after honey supplement,” Dr. Zahiruddin Othman and colleagues from Universiti Sains Malaysia in Kubang Kerian write in the journal Menopause. The new work is part of a slew of studies from the researchers, who say the honey — from the tropical tualang tree — has beneficial effects on anything from scars, to bones, to female reproductive organs and even cancer cells. And now memory has been added to the list. But women shouldn‘t get excited just yet, warn U.S. experts, who shot down the new results. “This is not a scientifically rigorous study,” said Dr. Natalie L. Rasgon of the Stanford School of Medicine, who has led governmentfunded studies on estrogen and cognitive decline in women. One criticism, she told Reuters Health, is that the study was small and didn‘t last long. What‘s more, she worried that any

effect of honey might simply be a question of increasing blood sugar levels. “Assuming potential efficacy of the honey, there is no preexisting knowledge of a mechanism,” Rasgon said. “I can`t understand how they can compare honey to estrogen. Honey is not even a supplement.” She also explained that estrogen and progesterone have very different effects on the brain, and scientists are still divided on the question of how hormones influence memory. For example, one large government study known as the Women‘s Health Initiative found that taking estrogen and progesterone actually increased dementia rates in women over 65. That study also showed hormone replacement therapy carries other health risks, such as blood clots and breast and colon cancer. Another Stanford researcher, Dr. Victor Henderson, added that the Malaysian study wasn‘t blinded, meaning that both participants and researchers knew what treatment each woman got. That opens the results to any bias the investigators might harbor about the effects of honey as well as the powerful placebo effect that could in principle account for the treatment effects. Both Rasgon and Henderson have received funding or consulting fees from drugmakers selling hormone-replacement therapy. Yet they said that for most menopausal women, real mental decline isn‘t a problem. “Memory changes as people get older and for women it`s difficult to separate the effects of aging from the effects of menopause,” said Henderson.

Passengers going to their hometowns on Eid are perturbed due to delay in departure of train from Cantt Railway Station.

CM directs Rangers to beef up security KARACHI—Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah has directed the Inspector General of Police and DG Rangers to ensure foolproof security arrangements for all sites of Eid prayers across the province. He also directed all DIGs and SSPs to personally supervise district and division level security of mosques, Imambargahs located in their respective jurisdiction. While keeping strict vigil on terrorists and criminal elements attention must be paid towards protection of public life and property, he added. Syed Qaim Ali Shah ordered that code of conduct formulated for hide collectors must be strictly complied with and district administration should ensure prompt disposal of offal and all categories of waste during the three-day festival.—APP

People buying refrigerators from electronics market Saddar as their demand has increased for preserving sacrificial meat.

Citizens urged to dispose of animal waste properly KARACHI—Commissioner of Karachi, Shoaib Ahmad Siddiqui has urged the citizens not to wipe away the blood and waste of animals sacrificed by them during Eid ul Azha into the main sewage lines. The commissioner, in a statement, appealed to the Karachiites to cooperate with the administration for an “inconvenience free” Eidul Azha. He also requested them also not to dispose of leftover fodder into the sewerage system as this may choke the main system causing nuisance to the people in general. Chairing a briefing session organized by

Deputy Commissioner of Karachi Central, Dr. Syed Saif ur Rehman, the commissioner said all relevant civic facilities must be ensured through a foolproof delivery system. “Prompt removal of offal and waste from streets, roads and lanes of the city followed by proper fumigation and sprinkle of lime powder will also be ensured across the board by the departments concerned,” he said. On the occasion, Deputy Commissioner, Central, informed Karachi Commissioner, Additional Commissioner (one) Tariq Khoso, Additional Com-

missioner (two) Haji Ahmad and other senior officials that Eid holidays of all municipal officials and staff associated with district central had been cancelled. He said provision for hygiene and cleanliness has been accorded top priority, under the district central’s contingency plan, particularly during a period when faithful would be actively engaged in performing the ritual of “qurbani.” Assistant Commissioners of the district under DC West would ensure coordination among all stakeholder and also would be responsible for any pubic inconvenience.—APP

Qaim urges masses to inculcate spirit of tolerance KARACHI—Sindh Chief Minis- no provision for extremism and with them in actual letter and ter Syed Qaim Ali Shah has urged the masses to inculcate the spirit of sacrifice and tolerance as a mark to celebrate the festival of Eidul Azha in its truest spirit. The Chief Minister, in his message on eve of Eidul Azha, said it was not mere a festival but an opportunity for introspection and reflection of willingness to submit before the will of Allah Almighty and His authority. Islam is a religion of peace with

terrorism hence people must help the government to counter the menace destroying the fabric of society, he added. He prayed to Allah to grant Muslims the ability and capacity to comprehend His philosophy of sacrifice and spiritual relevance of worship in all forms. “In a nutshell particularly during the Eidul Azha we the Muslims need to take into stock the plight of people of little resources and share the festival

85% cases of dengue reported from 10 localities

KARACHI—Eighty five percent of all dengue cases reported this year from Karachi pertain to North Nazimabad, SITE area, Clifton Cantonment Board, Saddar, F.B.Area Gulistan e Jauhar, Jamshed Road, Liaqutabad, Malir, Landhi and Korangi. In the given situation the provincial government as well as KARACHI —A delegation of district administration has enPakistan People’s Party (PPP) sured provision for adequate led by General Secretary PPP stock of platelet, anti-body kits Karachi Division Najmi Alam on Monday visited Idara-e-Noor Haq and congratulated Hafiz Naeem-ur-Rehman on his selection as JI Karachi Chief. K ARACHI —Karachi police During the meeting, the would ensure optimum complileaders of both the parties held ance of Contingency Plan for Eid detailed deliberations on upcom- ul Azha 2013 with provision for ing local bodies elections. foolproof security of 3987 Speaking at the occasion, JI mosques, around 315 imamKarachi Chief Hafiz Naeem-ur- bargahs, more than 330 eid-gahs, Rehman said that the JI always and some 270 open spaces where played its positive role towards eid prayers could be offered. the restoration of peace. It is keen Inspector General of Sindh to work jointly with the positive Police, Shahid Nadeem Baloch was forces of the city for the restora- informed in a meeting to review a tion of peace, he added —APP

PPP delegation meets JI Karachi chief

and blood bags to all major public sectors hospitals in the city, a senior health department official told APP here the other day. “Emphasis is not only being paid towards intervention but also on prevention,” he said. As per directive of city commissioner, Shoaib Ahmad Siddiqui fumigation, focussed on double spray basis, has also been initiated in two shifts in the city. For the very purpose 24 more vehicles have been added

contingency cum security plan prepared for Karachi by Additional I.G. Police at his office on Tuesday. The meeting that extensively reviewed by name deployment of cops under the Eid ul Azha Contingency cum Security Plan expressed its satisfaction that an efficient strategy has also been evolved by police department for security around 37 identified worship sites of Qadianis, Ismailis

KARACHI —Jail Chowrangi fly-over looked as if it was a dream that would never come true because of much delay and dead slow pace of construct work. However, Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) present Administrator Saquib Soomro had while following the footsteps of the previous Administrators continued with claims that the fly-over would be open for general public use in a month time. However the facts were in absolute contrast to their claims and contrary to Soomro’s claim for opening the fly-over next month did not match the actual

for the completion of the entire project. The PC-I cost of the project was Rs 1.33 billion. The project was halted from being completed because the side loop opening toward the Old Sabzi Mandi, which completion required immediate shift of residential quarters of cops deployed inside the prison. The planners of the Jail Chowrangi fly-over had failed to foresee the impediments to the fly-over from residential quarters of cops deployed inside the prison and after the half of the bridge had completed, shift of residential quarters of cops deployed inside the prison and their rehabilitation was discussed and approved. However, Sindh provincial government had not ap-

proved additional funds for the emerging situation. The residential quarters of cops deployed inside the prison were demolished and prior to the demolition, 96 apartments were constructed for the residential quarters of cops deployed inside the prison with a cost of Rs 200 million and that sum of money was from the allocated PC-I cost of the bridge, Rs 1.33 billion. Earlier, after the PC-I of the bridge was approved, the then authorities and the designers had thought the entire project would fail to address the issues for which the bridge was being constructed and then they decided to construct an underpass, Shahra-e Quaideen Underpass, which was completed with a

and other communities. As per the contingency plan 19,400 cops would undertake the security responsibility for worshippers visiting the place to offer eid prayers. Moreover, arrangements are also being made for deployment of police men, in plain clothes, around as well as inside all mosques, imam-bargahs and other relevant sites during Eid ul Azha.—APP

No Eid holidays for STA officials

Construction of major side projects delays completion ground reality. Soomro had admitted there was an unwanted delay toward the completion of the project on time due to security reasons around the Karachi Central Prison as the fly-over was constructed alongside the prison starting from the main gate of the prison toward Old Sabzi Mandi with ramps on either sides. The security reasons that caused delay in the completion of the fly-over were those recently emerged and hence the arguments were contrary to other realistic reasons for the delay, which the Administrator did not discuss. The Jail Chowrangi fly-over project was approved in 2009 with a deadline of half and a year

to the existent fleet of 36 fumigation vehicles of KMC while 178 small fumigation machines are also being utilized by district councils to address the challenge of dengue fever as well as malaria. Cantonment boards operational in the city are also being actively engaged to help protect people against a serious health condition that evolved consequent to rampant change in global climatic conditions.—APP

Security cover at 4000 prayer sites

Jail Chowrangi fly-over IRFAN ALIGI

spirit,” he added. He also urged his cabinet members and elected representatives of public to meet people of their respective constituencies and acquire first hand information about the problems faced by them. The Chief Minister directed the cabinet members and his party workers to pay equal attention towards addressing the problems communicated to them by the masses in general.—APP

cost of Rs 280 million and that sum of money was too spent from the approved PC-I cost of the bridge, Rs 1.33 billion. In addition to above extra constructions and expenditures, office of the Inspector general of police, Prison section was also built and again the money used was from allocated for bridge. Despite those impediments, the provincial government did not release necessary funds required for the of the flyover on time for 3 years and the project was halted for 3 years. It was not than year since when the terrorist had issued threats for attacking jails and in a recent case, extra high security measures were adopted at night of Monday, Oct 14, 2013 as the

information was received of a possible attack on Central Prison Karachi. A well-placed officer in KMC Works and Services Department told Pakistan Observer that the workers being employed by the contractor of the bridge had left for home towns to celebrate Eid holidays and would return to work after Oct 22 and if the security threats were not there, then the construction work on the would be restarted. He said that it would not be possible to complete the construction of the bridge in coming couple of months and it would be sometime in 2014 to see the fly-over opened for the general public use.

KARACHI—Sindh Secretary for Transport Taha Ahmad Farooqui has cancelled Eid holidays of Secretary, Sindh Transport Authority and all district and regional secretaries of authority. The decision is to ensure continuation of the ongoing crackdown against the transporters overcharging commuters on intra and inter- city routes across the province. Provincial Secretary for Transported has also directed Additional Secretary Abdul Wahab Memon and Deputy Secretary Safdar Hussain Rizvi to keep strict vigil on transporters ensuring that they may not violate the officially approved transport fare lists. These fare lists were finalized, consequent to unanimous approval of all stakeholders, that is the representatives of transporters, citizens and the government, he said.—APP

No land for graveyard in Provincial Capital IRFAN ALIGI KARACHI—Karachi’s population was being increased continuously due to heavy influx from other provinces and the situation had also created a serious problem for of the dead. The death toll in the city had in recent years increased hundredfold due to killings in the city on ethnic, political and sectarian grounds and those between gangs of land mafia were extra. There were just 471 graveyards in the city that the authorities concerned had many years ago closed officially. In order to address the situation, Sindh Board of revenue, the sole authority for controlling public land, had some 7 years ago allotted a 200-acre land in Gadap Town, a 50-acre plot in the vicinity of the Hub Dam and a 100-acre plot on the National Highway. However, different tribes had converted those lands into their family graveyards and no other was allowed to bury his dead there. Major graveyards in the city including PECHS, Sakhi Hassan, Mewa Shah, Paposh Nagar, Hassan Square, Essa Nagri, Bhangoriya Goth, Colony Gate, Korangi No 6 and Khokhrapar Graveyards had been officially closed. The Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) had administrative control of 70 graveyards the rest were controlled by different authorities including religious communities that did not allow burial of dead. Seventeen different agencies that controlled the city including cantonment boards, Karachi Port Trust, Civil Aviation Authority, Pakistan International Airlines, Defence Officers Housing Authority, Pakistan Railways and others lack graveyards facility within their jurisdictions. All burials are done at closed graveyards of the city. Sindh BoR had in 2006-07 allocated the KMC a 580-acre land on the Super Highway near the new vegetable market, which status was not yet defined as the land was not used for graveyard. Similarly, the KMC In 2006 received 400 acres in Deh Choarh; 29 acres in Deh Mull, Malir Town; 45 acres in Rehri; 29 acres in Sector 5, Scheme 33; and 75 acres in Deh Doozan in Sector 44, Scheme 33.

Honey memory boost too sweet to be true?


DAILY spoonful of Malaysian honey may boost postmenopausal women‘s memory, researchers say in a new report that aims to provide an “alternative therapy” for hormone-related intellectual decline. In the study, 102 healthy women were randomly assigned to eat 20 grams of honey a day, take hormone-replacement therapy containing estrogen and progesterone or do nothing. After four months, those who took honey or hormone pills recalled about one extra word out of 15 presented on a short-term memory test. “The immediate memory improvement in the honey group is probably best explained by improvement in concentration and overall well-being after honey supplement,” Dr. Zahiruddin Othman and colleagues from Universiti Sains Malaysia in Kubang Kerian write in the journal Menopause. The new work is part of a slew of studies from the researchers, who say the honey — from the tropical tualang tree — has beneficial effects on anything from scars, to bones, to female reproductive organs and even cancer cells. And now memory has been added to the list. But women shouldn‘t get excited just yet, warn U.S. experts, who shot down the new results. “This is not a scientifically rigorous study,” said Dr. Natalie L. Rasgon of the Stanford School of Medicine, who has led governmentfunded studies on estrogen and cognitive decline in women. One criticism, she told Reuters Health, is that the study was small and didn‘t last long. What‘s more, she worried that any

effect of honey might simply be a question of increasing blood sugar levels. “Assuming potential efficacy of the honey, there is no preexisting knowledge of a mechanism,” Rasgon said. “I can`t understand how they can compare honey to estrogen. Honey is not even a supplement.” She also explained that estrogen and progesterone have very different effects on the brain, and scientists are still divided on the question of how hormones influence memory. For example, one large government study known as the Women‘s Health Initiative found that taking estrogen and progesterone actually increased dementia rates in women over 65. That study also showed hormone replacement therapy carries other health risks, such as blood clots and breast and colon cancer. Another Stanford researcher, Dr. Victor Henderson, added that the Malaysian study wasn‘t blinded, meaning that both participants and researchers knew what treatment each woman got. That opens the results to any bias the investigators might harbor about the effects of honey as well as the powerful placebo effect that could in principle account for the treatment effects. Both Rasgon and Henderson have received funding or consulting fees from drugmakers selling hormone-replacement therapy. Yet they said that for most menopausal women, real mental decline isn‘t a problem. “Memory changes as people get older and for women it`s difficult to separate the effects of aging from the effects of menopause,” said Henderson.

Ladies decorating their hands with Hina in preparation of Eidul Azha, at a local market.

Eidul Azha to be celebrated with religious fervour LAHORE—Eidul Azha will be celebrated in the country with religious fervour on Wednesday to commemorate the Sunnah of Prophet Ibrahim (AS). Hundreds of thousands of believers will throng the mosques and Eidgahs for offering Eid prayers at over 600 places in different parts of the provincial metropolis. The biggest Eid congregation, as usual, in the city will be held at the historic Badshahi mosque where the Punjab Governor will offer prayer. Other big Eid congregations will be held at Data Darbar, Masjid Shuhada, Masjid Wazir Khan, Minhajul Quran and Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lawrence Road.

Eid prayers will also be offered at Karbala Gamey Shah and Islampura Mosque. Special prayers will be offered for the liberation of occupied Muslim territories, including Indian Held Jammu and Kashmir and Palestine and durable peace in the region. Ulema and scholars will deliver special sermons and lectures to highlight the significance of the day. All centres of Pakistan Television Corporation, Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation and private channels have chalked out special programmes to mark the auspicious occasion. Newspapers will also take out special editions to highlight the distinctive fea-

tures of the sacred day. Meanwhile, acting IG Prisons Punjab Mian Salik Jalal told APP that special arrangements had been made for Eid prayers in all jails across the province. The DIGs and superintendents, will offer prayers with inmates in their respective prisons. Lahore Zoo Director Naeem Bhatti told APP that special arrangements had been made for a variety of programmes to attract visitors during Eid holidays. Meanwhile, Capital City Police Officer Muhammad Shafiq said that city police had made foolproof security arrangements to avoid any untoward incident on the occasion.—APP

Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif chairing a meeting regarding youth festival 2013.

Another underage girl becomes victim of rape LAHORE—The reports of alleged molestation of underage girls continue to pour in across the country with the latest being of another teenager who became the victim of sexual assault here on Monday night. Reportedly, a 14-year old girl was found unconscious near Expo Center near Jauhar Town where she was apparently left there by her alleged molesters. The rescuers ambulanced her to Jinnah Hospital’s emergency room where an initial examination confirmed she was raped. According to hospital sources, at the moment, the girl was too traumatized to record her statement. “The police have kicked off an investigation and are waiting for the girl to speak so that they can take further action” the sources added. According to the Rescue sources, a report was received that a young girl is lying in unconscious state on a deserted road in Jauhar Town near Expo Center. The Rescue officials said the girl seemed to have been sexually assaulted. —INP

Special programmes for zoo visitors LAHORE—The Lahore Zoo has chalked out special programmes, including puppet shows, variety shows, and other entertainments to attract visitors especially the children during Eidul Azha holidays. Director of Lahore Zoological Gardens Muhammad Naeem Bhatti told APP on Tuesday that wildlife guides would be deployed at various important points, especially near tiger and bear cages, to provide information to visitors about them, their natural habitat, habits, average life span and food.—APP

Lack of progress on mineral exploration STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has taken strict notice of lack of progress in exploration of mineral resources and iron ore reserves in Rajua and Chiniot and expressed strong reservations over the poor performance of Mines & Minerals Department and Punjab Mineral Company. He has ordered immediate action against the officers guilty of extraordinary delay in these projects and dereliction of duty. The Chief Minister ordered that proceedings be initiated under the law against all former and serving officers concerned

who showed negligence, inefficiency and laxity towards both these projects. He lamented that in spite of clear instructions, no progress has been made towards these projects and criminal negligence has been displayed by creating hurdles for foreign companies which had shown interest in these projects. The Chief Minister described this attitude as a cruel joke with the nation. He said that the entire blame for this state of affairs rests on the officers of Mines & Minerals Department as it is due to their lack of interest and inefficiency that no progress has been made towards exploration of mineral resources and iron ore reserves at Rajua

and Chiniot. He said that negligence towards official duties and responsibilities cannot be tolerated and the officers of Mines & Minerals Department who occupy key posts have no right to stay if they were not competent enough to execute these projects. The Chief Minister directed that for the purpose of speedy progress on these important projects of national interest, renowned scientist Dr Samar Mubarik Mand be consulted and services of competent, hardworking and dedicated officers be acquired for the key posts of Mines & Minerals Department and Punjab Mineral Company. He also directed that

Director General Anti-Corruption should hold an inquiry regarding the causes of delay as well as fix responsibility for negligence towards these important projects and submit a report. Meanwhile, the Chief Minister presided over a high-level meeting regarding exploration of mineral resources and iron ore reserves especially at Rajua and Chiniot. Provincial Energy Minister Sher Ali Khan, Chief Secretary, Secretary Minerals and officers concerned were present. Prominent scientist Dr. Samar Mubarik Mand also participated in the meeting on the special request of Chief Minister Punjab.

CM gives go ahead for Youth Festival SALIM AHMED LAHORE—Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has given approval to holding of Youth Festival-2013 which will start from the first week of December. Giving approval to holding of the Horse and Cattle Show, the Chief Minister directed to set up Youth Commission to polish the talent of youth. He said that international matches of hockey, cricket and other sports should also be arranged during youth festival and renowned wrestlers associated with World Wrestling Entertainment be invited. He was presiding over a meeting regarding holding of Youth Festival 2013, here today. Provincial Minister for Education and Sports Rana Mashhood Ahmad Khan, Member National Assembly Hamza Shahbaz Sharif, Secretary Sports, DG Sports Board Punjab and concerned officers were present in the meeting. Addressing the meeting, Shahbaz Sharif said that Punjab government is implementing a comprehensive programme for the promotion of healthy activi-

ties in the province under which not only youth festival but other competitions were also held. He said that a network of playgrounds is being laid all over the province. He said that promotion of healthy activities is of vital importance in the present age of mental stress. The Chief Minister said that Pakistani youth are talented and new talent can be explored by promoting such sports activities. He said that youth festival not only helps in promoting healthy sports activities but also discourages the trend of extremism. He said that youth festival is a revolutionary programme to polish the talent of youth and this event last year also yielded glorious results while a number of international records were also set. Shahbaz Sharif said that maximum opportunities should be provided to the youth for participating in the festival and not only hockey, cricket and international events of other sports be arranged but prominent wrestlers of WWE should also be invited to make this event attractive. He said that paragliding champion-

ship should also be arranged during the festival. The Chief Minister said that Horse and Cattle Show has been a cultural tradition of Punjab, which, besides healthy activities also promotes trade and industrial activities. Therefore, it has been decided to revive this event, he added. Shahbaz Sahrif also appreciated the services of Provincial Minister for Education and Sports Rana Mashhood Ahmad Khan and Secretary Sports for holding youth festival and other competitions last year. Provincial Minister for Education and Sports Rana Mashhood Ahmad Khan gave briefing to the meeting. He said that competitions of various sports would be held at school, union council, tehsil, district, division, province and international level. He said that Guinness Book of World Records as well as other international institutions like Believe It Or Not will also review the world record to be set in the youth festival. The soft image of Pakistan would be further be strengthened through setting new world records in the youth festival, he added.

Shahbaz for foolproof security arrangements

LAHORE—Punjab Police have been put on high alert to cope with any untoward incident during the Eid holidays, besides strengthening round the clock patrolling. Official sources told APP here Tuesday that all police officers have been directed to beef up security and intensify round the clock patrolling by armed contingents of police to ensure a peaceful atmosphere during Eidul Azha holidays. The security plan included additional deployment of police force at all sensitive areas and mosques and Eidgahs, especially at important shopping plazas and commercial markets to avert any untoward incident. Capital Police Officers, Regional Police Officers, City Police Officers and District Police Officers have also been directed to personally monitor the performance of their subordinates, otherwise, SDPO and SHO concerned would be responsible for any negligence.—APP

agencies should ensure implementation of the security plan LAHORE—Punjab Chief Minisevolved for this purpose at any cost. The Chief Minister said ter Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif that intelligence sharing syshas ordered foolproof security tem should be further imarrangements in the province on proved. the occasion of Eid-ul-Azha. The Chief Minister further Issuing instructions to Indirected that besides additional spector General Police and police force, Elite Force be Provincial Home Secretary, the also deputed at all important Chief Minister directed that evplaces and senior officers ery effort be made for the proSTAFF REPORTER should remain present in the tection of life and property of field and maintain a watchful citizens and maintenance of eye on suspects. law and order on Eid. He said LAHORE—Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan Amir Syed Munawar Hasan has strongly condemned US-India collusion to obstruct the funding of the Haqqani net work and the Lashkar e Taiba, saying that the step was totally unjustified especially after the statements by an Indian general and a senior Foreign Ministry official that no foreign hand was involved in major terrorist attacks ,including those at the Indian parliament and the Mumbai attacks. Talking to JI workers at Mansoora, he said that in spite of the confession by high Indian officials that the Indian government had set up a special force for carrying out terrorist activities in Pakistan and that no Pakistani was involved in terrorism in India, the US was patronizing India. He said there was dozens of terrorist outfits in India whose hands were soaked with the blood Models walk down the ramp during a fashion show at a local hotel. of the Indian Muslims.


that law-enforcement agencies should remain fully alert and maintain a close coordination. The Chief Minister directed that special attention be paid to the security of Eid congregations, mosques and Imam Barghas. He said that senior police officers should remain in the field to check security arrangements and take all necessary measures for ensuring a peaceful atmosphere. He directed that law-enforcement

Police put on high alert on Eid days

JI leader slams US-India collusion