Page 1

NWA operation can delay elections „Emergency imposition feared JAVED MAHMOOD

Malala arrives in UK for treatment


old Malala Yousufzai’s specially equipped air ambulance from the United Arab Emirates touched down Birmingham, United Kingdom on Monday for continuity of care at the Queen Elizabeth hospital. A hospital spokesman in a statement said Malala would be provided with best available treatment. Earlier, the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) released a statement in Rawalpindi saying Pakistan had arranged for specialist medical

Continued on Page 7

US fines PIA for stranding passengers WASHINGTON—The

Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) has been slapped with a fine of USD 150,000 by US authorities for keeping passengers aboard a plane during an extended ground delay last year. This is the first fine for an international flight for violation of the new consumer protection rule of the Department of Transportation, which took effect in August 2011,

Continued on Page 7

ISLAMABAD—The upcoming military operation in the North Waziristan Agency (NWA) may lead to the imposition of emergency and postponement of elections for one year in the country, sources told Pakistan Observer. Sources said that the government would have to declare emergency for one year under the Clause-6 of the article 232 of the constitution in case military operation is launched in the NWA that would, no doubt, lead to unprecedented bloodshed and political chaos in the country. After the tragic incident of mur-

derous attempt on the life of Malala Yusufzai in Swat last week, Pakistan government and Army are under immense pressure from the United States and other world powers to launch operation in the NWA, said sources. The US President Barrack Obama, the Secretary General of the United Nations Ban Ki Mon and foreign media have created a hype for operation against Taliban in NWA after attack on Malala Yusufzai. Pakistan’s Army and the government have already announced their statements of carrying out an operation against militants in the North Waziristan

Agency. Sources said that the NWA operation may become 9/ 11 for Pakistan that would further destabilize the economy of the country that had already sustained over $80 billion losses because of war on terror while more than 40,000 countrymen, including over 5,000 army personnel have also lost their lives in this proxy war. Political analysts are arguing that the NATO countries are going to disengage their forces gradually from Afghanistan from 2014, but the world powers are throwing Pakistan deeper into the war on terror because of their ulterior motives. Instead

Continued on Page 7

HYDERABAD: A large number of PPP workers gathered during Pakistan People’s Party pro-Local Government System rally.

ECP SP among 6 cops killed in suspends PPP leaders come 154 Matanai check post attack parliamentarians hard on Sindh nationalists STAFF REPORTER

PESHAWAR—At least six police-

men including a Superintendent of Police (SSP) laid down their lives in the line of duty after militants attacked a check post in Matanai area here on Sunday night. According to sources, a number of heavily armed men

opened fire at the police and retaliatory fire hurled an incendiary at the check post setting it on fire. SP Rural, Khurshid Khan and five other junior police officers were martyred in the attack. At least 12 cops were reported to have been injured, who were shifted to the hospital.

According to details, more than 300 militants stormed a police check post located in Ghaziabad area of Matni near Peshawar late on Sunday. Around 35 security officials present inside the police check post retaliated the attack and the exchange of firing continued for

I SLAMABAD —The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has suspended membership of 154 parliamentarians for failing to submit details of their assets. Thirty-one MNA’s and 8 Senators are among those who Continued on Page 7 have been suspended. At the provincial level, membership of 82 parliamentarians from Punjab, 16 from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 3 from Balochistan and 14 from Sindh was suspended. Prominent parliamentarians whose membership has been suspended included Interior Minister Rehman Malik, Abdul Qadir Gilani, Musa Gilani, Kashmala Tariq, Awais Leghari, Senator Waqar Ahmed Khan, Lashkari Raisani, Saifullah Khan Bangash, Ahmed Hasan, Malik Azmat, Manzoor Watto, Abdul Qayyum Jatoi, Kamran Khan, Rana Nazir and Abid Sher Ali. The ECP directed Speakers NA, Provincial Assemblies KUWAIT CITY: Prime Minister of Kuwait Sheikh Jaber Al- and Senate Chairman to stop Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah receiving Prime Minister Raja suspended members from Pervez Ashraf at the Emiri Terminal on his arrival on Monday. working.

Raja in Kuwait to attend ACD summit KUWAIT CITY—Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf arrived in Kuwait on a 3-day visit on Monday. He was received by Kuwait’s Prime Minister Jaber AlMubarak Al-Hamad Al Sabah at the airport and introduced him with the Kuwaiti cabinet members and other high officials. He will meet with the Amir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah AlAhmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah at a formal ceremony. During his visit‚ the Prime Minister will attend first summit of Asian Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) on the invitation of the Kuwait government. The Prime Minister’s participation will proContinued on Page 7


President Zardari assured of trust H Y D E R A B A D — P a k i s t a n Nisar Khoro and other PPP lead- Shaheed Zulfiqar Bhutto and People’s Party leaders in a large public gathering here on Monday came hard on Sindhi nationalists, saying that a massive turnout has proved that people of Sindh have confidence in the party. The gathering was addressed by former Prime Minister Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani, Syed Qaim Ali Shah, Qamar Zaman Qaira, Moula Baksh Chandio, Sharjeel Memon, Agha Siraj Durrani,

Shaheed Benazir Bhutto cannot be eliminated and it is remained alive in the hearts of the people. The gathering has been organized in support of the new local govSee also Page 2 ernment system in Sindh. Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani said alist parties want to dominate in those who think of division of Sindh on gunpoint. He said that Sindh in presence of PPP are livPPP believes in democracy and ing in fool’s paradise. He said the PPP is a party of federation and politics of reconciliation. Gilani said philosophy of Continued on Page 7 ers. Addressing the gathering, former Prime Minister and PPP Senior Vice Chairman Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani said nation-

Ex-ISI chief’s funds disbursement illegal: CJ

New religious alliance in making to counter MMA

ISLAMABAD— Some religious I SLAMABAD —The Supreme petition filed by Asghar Khan political parties have decided to Court Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry Monday said that the president being symbol of the federation if forms any political group, then it would be a misfortune. A three-member bench of the apex court headed by Chief Justice was hearing the 1996

who had accused the ISI of financing politicians in the 1990 elections by dishing out Rs140 million to create the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI) and prevent Benazir Bhutto’s PPP from winning the polls. During the hearing, President Asif Ali

Continued on Page 7

form an alliance to counter Mutahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) formed by Fazlur Rehman, Dr Abdul Khair Zubair, Sajid Mir, Sajid Naqvi and Pir Abdul Rahim Naqashbandi minus Jamaat-e-Islami. The new alliance would consist of Jamaat-

Continued on Page 7

Huge PPP meeting humbles opposition

PPP can’t be destabilised, enjoys masses’ support OUR CORRESPONDENT HYDERABAD—Federal Min-

ister Senator Moula Bux Chandio has said that Pakistan Peoples Party is the only political party of the country which enjoys full support of the masses and those who tried to destabilize it could not succeed in their nefarious designs. Addressing the mammoth public meeting of PPP Hyderabad here on Monday, the minister termed all those anti-democratic forces, which launched negative propaganda against PPP, are the followers of dictator Zia-ul-Haq who always tried to break the party but failed.

He said that despite Shahadat of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto, the people remained united under the dynamic leadership of the President Asif Ali Zardari as they are fully aware of the fact that only PPP has the ability to address their issues. The minister was critical of those who are claiming the leadership of Sindh adding that these so called nationalists have joined the hands of those who always supported the construction of Kala Bagh Dam and worked against the interests of Sindh. He said that those who raised no voice against the

District Nazim System of dictator General Pervaiz Musharraf are now united against PPP which introduced a new Local Government System for the interest of the people of the province. “We are the followers of Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto and never support any move which could be against the interest of the country particularly Sindh”, he said. The party leaders and workers have the tradition of sacrificing their live for the rights of the people and restoration of democracy and remained united under the dynamic leadership of Presi-

dent Asif Ali Zardari. Senator Moula Bux Chandio thanked the former Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani and Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting Qamar-Zaman Kaira for attending the historic public meeting which proved that the party remained popular among the masses. Meanwhile Sindh Information Minister Sharjeel Inam Memon has said that historic participation of the people in the public meeting of Pakistan Peoples Party has proved the popularity of the party among them and it also exposed the claims of those who are claiming that party

has lost mandate of the masses. He was talking to media persons during his visit to the venue of the public meeting, arranged by PPP Hyderabad here near Deeplai Memon Society on Monday. He said that mammoth participation of the people from all segments of life has clearly indicated that PPP is the only political party which enjoying full support of the masses. He termed the participation of the people in the public meeting a referendum for those who launched a negative propaganda that the party has lost the masses support adding that the people fully aware that who are sincere with them.

Robbers loot Rs3m from bank three guards and looted Rs 3 million from a bank at Chungi No 9 on Monday. Police said five to six accused, carrying pistols in a shopping bag, reached Meezan Bank at around 1530 hours by a car and snatched weapons from guards, Abdus Sattar, Bashir and Tayyab. They also injured them with pistol butts. Then, they entered the bank and tortured a customer. They snatched cash from bank staff and fled, DSP Chaudhry Maqbool said. A police team led by CPO Amir Zulfiqar, SSP Gohar Nafees and SP Rana Mansoor reached the spot, collected evidence and interviewed bank staff. Bank officials said they were still gathering information about the looted cash but added it could be over Rs 3 million. Police on Monday claimed to have arrested 45 accused including proclaimed offend- LOWER DIR: A doctor examining a patient in a free medical camp organized by Pakistan Army. ers.—APP

Zardari stresses MNFSR for robust food security STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD —President Asif Ali Zardari has called upon the Ministry of National Food Security and Research (MNFSR) to urgently chalk out a comprehensive national food security policy to further promote and develop the agricultural sector and to create a conducive environment for the facilitation of the farmers and their associations. In his message on the occasion of World Food Day being observed in Pakistan and through out the world on October 16, the President said the right to food for the people of Pakistan is also en-

UAF invites scholarship applications OUR CORRESPONDENT FAISALABAD—University of

Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF) has invited applications for Dr. Riaz Ahmad Riaz Memorial Scholarship. A spokesman of UAF said here on Monday that the scholarship will be awarded to the talented and deserving students having minimum CGPA 3.50. He said that applications forms are available at Directorate of Financial Assistance & University Advancement UAF and the candidates should submit their applications along with requisite documents by October 25, 2012, positively.

shrined in the constitution and the government feels duty bound to honour this fundamental right. The President said, “I am confident that we will rise to the challenges of food security not only in Pakistan but also in other food deficit countries in the region so as to achieve the goal of Food Security for All”. He said on this World Food Day, there is need to reiterate the commitment to create greater awareness about the importance of developing agriculture to ensure food security for a rapidly growing population. Referring to the theme of the day “Agricultural coopera-

tives - key to feeding the world” the President said it rightly pointed out the important role agricultural cooperatives and small farmers can play in improving food security and eradicating hunger and under nourishment. He said agriculture in Pakistan is beset with many challenges; these include stagnancy in produce, water shortage, adverse impacts of erratic climatic changes, natural disasters land degradation. “We need to minimize post-harvest losses, increase value addition and search for new markets so that the food is not wasted and the growers are benefited,” said the President.

He said there is a great need for employing state-ofthe-art technologies and reducing input costs. The President said facilitation of the farming community, especially the medium and small farmers and the promotion of agricultural cooperatives is another area that needs urgent attention. He said the government has accorded highest priority to agriculture and facilitating the farmer community. The President said from the supply of seeds and provision of easy loans to significantly increasing the procurement prices of agricultural products.

Six dead in road accident OUR CORRESPONDENT K ASUR —Six persons were crushed to death and another 17 injured in a head on collision between a passenger bus and a truck here on Monday. Police said the incident took place when a speedy truck collided with a passenger bus near Phoolnagar by-pass. The incident was so strong that the passenger bus overturned and its front was completely destroyed. After the accident, locals gathered in large number and helped in taking out the dead and injured from the bus. Rescue 1122 team and police also arrived at the scene and shifted the dead bodies and

injured to District Headquarters Hospital Kasur. Hospital sources said that the condition of five injured was critical and there was fear of increase in death toll. Earlier one person was killed while four others sustained injuries in an firing incident by unidentified armed assailants here at Abdul Sattar Road, adjacent to main Liaqat Bazaar. The SHO city police station said unidentified armed men riding on a motorbike opened fire at a Suzuki van and killed one person on the spot while four others were injured critically. The deceased person was identified as Ishaque while injured persons were also identified as Ismail,

Hanan, Ishaq and Naseem belonging to Hazara community. Assailants managed to escape after comitting crime from the scene. Police rushed to the site and evacuated the bodies and injured to Combined Military Hospital (CMH). Meanwhile it is reported from Faisalabad that additional Sessions Judge Jaranwala Samar Hayat Gondal awarded death sentence to an accused involved in a murder case of Jaranwala police station. According to the prosecution, Ramzan along with his accomplices Mukhtar and Haneef had killed Imdad Ali of Chak No.54-RB over an old enmity two years ago. After observing witnesses.

Sialkot, Heidelberg being declared Twin Cities OUR CORRESPONDENT S IALKOT —Pakistan’s Ambassador to Germany Abdul Basit held a meeting with the Mayor of Heidelberg, Dr. Joachim Gerner and discussed with him possibilities of declaring Heidelberg and Sialkot as twin cities. It was agreed in the meeting that the city governments of both Sialkot and Heidelberg would initiate a process to declare both the cities as “Twin Cities” says a message received here from Heidelberg. Abdul Basit, while placing the proposal, said that Sialkot was a birth place of national poet and thinker Allama Mohammad Iqbal who spent some time in Heidelberg back in 1907 and studied the German language. The cultural bondage, therefore, between the two countries already existed and they had to further strengthen it by promoting inter-city relationship, he added. The Mayor appreciated the proposal and assured that the city government of Heidelberg would take steps to accelerate the process, as well also involve the University of Heidelberg for establishing active relationship between the two cities.

Boys, girls get jobs under BISP umbrella M ULTAN —Around a dozen

boys and girls from poor families have started earning their livelihood with dignity after completion of their training under the revolutionary Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) in Multan, officials said on Monday. These boys and girls are sons and daughters of women registered with Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) as aid recipients and are now earning Rs 9,000 to Rs 12,000 a month to support their families, just days after completing their courses on Oct 10, said Director Coordination College of Tourism and Hotel Management (Cothm) Muhammad Naveed Rehmat. The courses included chef, hotel management, front office, house keeping, food and beverages and fashion designing. The qualification of these students was either matric, middle, or fifth KOHAT: The sale of sacrificial animal has gained momentum, as traders have started to baring animals in a large number to cities. standard.—APP


Bahawalpur after attacking the rally of the PPP MNA. He said two accomplices of Azizullah were immediately arrested while on a tip off a police party of Khairpur raided the hideout of Azizullah in Bahawalpur and arrested him alive. The SSP said a Kalashnikov and around 100 rounds were also recovered from the possession of the arrested culprit. He said the Sindh government had announced a reward of Rs2.5 million for the arrest of Azizullah, which will be given to the police party that successfully arrested him. He said raids were continuing for the arrest of accomplices of Azizullah.

Sindh Minister for Fisheries Zahid Ali Bhrgari, who is also the President PPP Hyderabad termed the PPP public meeting a historic gathering in Hyderabad adding that it was the effort of the party leadership for their rights that the people from all over Sindh arrived in Hyderabad to participate in the public meeting and communicate a clear message to opponent that PPP is the only political party which has deep roots among them. Zahid Ali Bhurgari who is also the host of the historic public meeting said that the propaganda of the opponents has taken last breath after the mammoth public meeting of the party.

KHAIRPUR—Police on Mon-

Blach Day observed

‘CM creating hurdles in BB Hospital project’


M U LTA N —Dacoits injured

Mastermind of attack on Khairpur rally held

LARKANA/SUKKUR—A province-wide “Black Day” observed and hunger strikes, protest demos held all the day by Nationalists, political parties, Lawyers, intellectuals, writers and journalists against the SPLGO, while cracker blasts in different districts, the police crackdown against Nationalists in different districts and arrested about 250 workers and leaders. After the announcement of a big congregation in Hyderabad by the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) Sindh chapter, the caravans of Party from all corners of districts thronged at the destination; on the other hand nationalists and other groups held protests, stakes and blocked highways at various locations. Police started crackdown at various parts of Sindh since the last night and arrested a large number of leaders and activists of Nationalists sources reported. On the call of SBC-Sindh Bachayo Committee (Save Sindh Committee) was also announced a black day on Monday October 15th, 2012. The black arm bands wearied by the Nationalists, political parties, civil society, intellectuals, writers and Journalists across the province and condemned the PPP and MQM for local government ordinance an anti-Sindh attitude and violation of rights of millions of Sindhi people. A shutter down strike was observed in Mirpurkhas, Tando Mohammed Khan, Tangwani, Bado and other cities, while the cracker blasts at different districts and cities among Randhan, Dadu and other parts of Sindh. Nationalists and civil society representatives wearing black bands on the arms held protest demonstrations and token hunger strikes.

day arrested the mastermind of firing incident on the rally of Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) MNA Nafeesa Shah, from Bahawalpur district. Six people, including a journalist, were killed in the firing incident on the rally of Nafeesa Shah, PPP MNA and daughter of Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah, in Sadoro Janwari area of Khairpur. SSP Khairpur, Irfan Baloch told media persons at his office that Azizullah Janwari, the suspected masterminded of the incident, along with his accomplices had fled to


for Water and Power, Tasneem Ahmad Qureshi has alleged that Chief Minister Punjab was creating hindrances in releasing PC-1 for the construction of Benazir Shaheed hospital at divisional headquarters. Addressing Sui Gas opening ceremony at Sultan Colony on Monday, he said the former prime minister Yusaf Raza Gilani had approved Rs 7 billion for the construction of 700-bed Benazir Shaheed hospital but CM Punjab was creating hurdle for not releasing PC-1. He warned that PPP would stage protest against the chief minister Punjab, if he did not release PC-1 for the

construction of hospital within 30 days. Earlier, State Minister for Water and Power Tasneem Ahmed Qureshi said that Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) believed in reconciliation policy and resolving all the issues adopting it. Talking to a private tv news channel, he said PPP is budy in providing relief to poor people of the country. He said the current government has started many development projects to facilitate the poor masses. Replying to a question, the minister said that it was the duty of the provinces to aware the people about the disasters. He said the federal governmentwas taking many measures to overcome the natural disasters in the country.

Country-wide rain predicted ISLAMABAD—Scattered

thunderstorm, rain is expected over Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Gilgit Baltistan,Kashmir alongwith north and northeast Punjab,while isolated thunderstorm/rain is expected over south Punjab. According to Met report received here on Monday, a trough of westerly wave over north Afghanistan now lies over northern parts of the country. The Karachi Met Office has forecast dry weather with hazy/misty morning in the city during the next 24 hour, said a weather report issued on Monday. According to the weather report, maximum temperature in the port city would remain in the range of 32 to 34 degree centigrade and minimum in the range of 23 to 25 degree centigrade during the next 24 hours.

It added that mainly hot and dry weather is likely to prevail elsewhere in the region. However, rain/thunderstorm may occur at one or two places in Zhob division

of Balochistan. The Quetta Met Office has forecast a dry weather for the city on Tuesday with the maximum temperature expected to range between 27 degrees Centigrade and 29 degrees Centigrade. Dry weather has been forecast for the rest of the region. On Monday, the highest temperature of 37 C was recorded at Turbat.—APP

MULTAN: Students of Muhammad Bin Qasim Blind Welfare Complex participating in a rally at Chowk Kumharanwala in connection with International White Cane Day.

WFP ensures one-month ration for 1.2m flood affectees STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —World Food Programme (WFP) is in process of initiating second phase of its response, launched to provide a onemonth ration for 1.2 million flood affectees, followed by two one-month rations for 700,000 of the most severely food insecure. Soon after the flood, the WFP, at the behest of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) started distributions of onemonth ration to some 140,000 people in Sindh and Balochistan in the first phase, WFP Coordinator, Amjad Jamal said here on Monday.

He said the food basket consists of dietary staples of fortified wheat flour, pulses, vegetable oil and iodized salt, as well as High Energy Biscuits. A major concern of WFP is that while fewer districts were affected by flooding this year than in 2011, those that were affected were hit in a particularly dramatic fashion. The fact that one month after the rains, the waters are still so deep and covering such a large area (see map) indicates that the suffering of the flood victims is likely to continue for many weeks to come. Amjad said in addition to assistance allocated to crisis

by the federal authorities, the provincial governments of Balochistan and Sindh have shown their concern by responding to people’s needs through WFP, the former committing to an in-kind donation of 11,460 metric tons of wheat and the latter pledging up to 23,186 metric tons. He said WFP has built up its emergency response capacity with all the necessary logistical and communications support. But it still needs contributions from international donors, with a total requirement of US$ 29 million, including US$ 6.5 million for the associated costs of milling, fortifying, transporting.

SP Khurshid adds glorious chapter to chivalry in KP police Mashaikh can help end terror Our Correspondent

B UREWALA —Chairman Ruet-e-Hilal

Committee and President Tanzeem-ulMadaris Pakistan, Mufti Muneeb-urRehman has said that the nation has always sacrificed for the Mashaikh in the country and it is now the duty of Mashaikh to stand up and play important role to end terrorism and extremism from the society. He was addressing Tahafuz Haqooq Ahl-e-Sunnat Conference at Quaid-i-Azam Stadium Burewala here on Saturday night. Mufti Muneeb-ur-Rehman said that Gillanis, Qureshis and Makhdooms have done nothing to unite the nation and even in their regime the holy places of the preachers of the Islam were attacked and Maulana Hamid Saeed Kazmi was made victim by such elements and faced imprisonment of the wrongdoings of others. The seminar was organised by the South Asian Free Media Association (Safma). Leaders of various political parties including the Pakistan People’s Party, the Muttahida Qaumi Movement, the Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz, the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, the Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid, the Pakistan Muslim League-Functional, the Jamaat-e-Islami and the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Fazl as well as media personnel and civil society activists participated in the event. They unequivocally condemned the attack on 14-year-old activist Malala Yousafzai and the two other girls who were accompanying her, Kainaat and Shazia, pointing out that it was a manifestation of the rising extremism in the country. “Without any hesitation, the government should take immediate actions against the terrorists who are not only involved in such heinous attacks, but also claim responsibility,” they demanded in the resolution. They felt that though there was a national consensus that extremism was a threat to a peaceful and prosperous Pakistan, there should be a national policy.

Over 2.2m to be vaccinated Our Correspondent

Q UETTA —Over 2.2 million children

would be administered anti-polio drops during a three-day anti-polio campaign that has kicked off in Balochistan here on Monday. Talking to reporters, Chief Secretary Balochistan Babar Yaqoob Fateh Mohammad, during the launching ceremony here at the Pakistan Red Crescent Society office, said the concerted strategy devised by the provincial government, has helped tangible decline in the polio cases across the province as during the prevailing year only three cases were reported in Balochistan. Giving details about the campaign against crippling disease, he said about 2,234,425 children below the age of five, would be vaccinated anti-polio drops during the drive launched in the 30 districts of the province, for which the government has formed 6,095 teams comprising health workers and volunteers to ensure cent percent coverage. The CS noted that since last year, as many as 198 polio cases had been reported in Pakistan and 58 from Balochistan alone, but this year” only three cases have surfaced in the provincial capital which indicates that we are moving towards the polo free Balochistan”. He added that in addition to Balochistan Health Department, teams of WHO, EPI and UNICEF would also monitor the campaign to make it success, adding government in collaboration with these organizations were striving hard to eradicate the disease from the province. The CS urged that teachers, notables, and religious scholars to sensitise the parents about the crippling disease.

Fazal Kareem backs anti-terror operation

MULTAN—Sunni Ittehad Council leader Sahibzada Fazal Kareem said on Monday that conspiracies were being hatched against Islam at international level and the whole world was watching as a silent spectator. Addressing a big gathering at railway station as a Tahaffaze-Namoos Rasalat (PBUH) train march reached Multan, Haji Fazal Kareem said that they had strongly condemned the attack on Malala Yousufzai and maintained that drone attacks were against national soveriegnity and were killing innocent people. Sahibzada Fazal Kareem said the government should highlight issues in the upcoming meeting of OIC, to be held in Islamabad in future. He also expressed concern over law and order in Balochistan, corruption, nepotism and other social issues in the country. He demanded the government take up the profane film issue at international forums so that no one could dare repeat the act in future. He said Sunni Ittehad Council would actively participate in the upcoming elections. Earlier, the train march was welcomed by President Mashaikh Council Syed Ali Shah, Allama Tahir Saeed Kazmi, Dr Siddique Qadri, and hundreds of other workers of Sunni Ittehad Council. Earlier, addressing heads of the armed forces and the ISI, Altaf asked them to move ahead and crush the Taliban, saying the 180 million people of the country would be standing behind them. He said MQM workers were with the armed forces to eliminate extremist elements from the country. He said the MQM had always condemned drone strikes and killings of innocent people in these attacks. He categorically stated the MQM could not support drones in the country. He also urged the students to continue going to schools to eliminate ignorance.—APP

Water Sports Regatta concludes Our Correspondent

K HANPUR —The fourth edition of the Khanpur Water Sports Retta concluded amidst fun and joys with hundreds and thousands of local as well as foreign tourists, picnickers’ families and children turned-up. Provincial Minister for Sports, Tourism, Youth Affairs and Archives Syed Aqil Shah, Secretary Sports and Tourism who is also Managing Director Tourism Corporation Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Syed Jamal Uddin Shah, DCO Haripur, ACO Haripur, elders of the areas and large numbers of spectators were also present. The three day Water Sports Extravaganza featuring a variety of air and water borne sports especially for families at beautiful blue green Khanpur Lake in KP. The dam is located on Taxila bypass road at an hour ’s distance from Islamabad and Rawalpindi and is about 2 hours drive from Peshawar. The Water Sports Regatta is also an attempt to provide healthy entertainment and to appease peoples craving for outdoor life TCKP had decided to introduce new venue to thousands of families as a tourist spot and thus arranged the biggest water sports event in Pakistan. We feel enjoy to visit here, one Lubna, a mother of one told APP. Flanked by her husband Younis Tareen, a businessmen in Islamabad, she is lauded the efforts being put in behind the whole event. People were pressed to the wall, having no entertainment but such like events are vital to take some relief.We are coming since 2009, soon after our marriage as really as a new couple we had enjoyed a lot and now having a son Naveed we are here so we have lot of great and great memories,” Lubna added. Last year we have my inlaws but this time they were there for the Hajj so we also missed them here.

Attacks can’t weaken govt fight against terrorists: Hoti STAFF REPORTER

their nefarious designs. He licemen He said elimination of and Frontier Mathani area on late Sunsaid SP Khurshid Khan was a Constabulary’s personnel has day night said such like terrorism was vital for P ESHAWA R —The Khyber great asset of the country and added a new chapter of gal- cowardice terrorists at- progress and prosperity of Pakthunkhwa Chief Minis- his sacrifice had added an- lantry in the history of Khyber tacks could not shaken and people and we should all ter, Ameer Haider Khan Hoti said on Monday that cowardly terrorists attacks on Police and Malala Yousafzai could not shaken the resolve of Government in the fight against terrorism and militancy and a handful of elements would not be allowed to impose their own agenda on majority. Talking to media after attending the funeral prayer of Shaheed SP Rural Khurshid Khan and his fellow who lost their lives while fighting against militants in Mathani area, the Chief Minister said terrorists would not be allowed to regroup and disturb peace of the Peshawar and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa at large. He said peace in Afghanistan and FATA is imperative for establishment of durable peace in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. In fact, the Chief Minister was of the view that peace in Afghanistan, FATA and KP are interlinked. The Chief Minister said peoples’ consis- PESHAWAR: Ameer Haider Khan Hoti, Chief Minister Khyber Pakhtunkwa place wreath before Nimaz-e-Jinaza of tent support is must to up- six police officials martyred when militants attacked a police check post in Ghaziabad area of Matni. root the scourge of terrorism and militancy vital for other chapter of chivalry in Pakhtunkhwa Police and their down the moral of Police stand united for uprooting progress and prosperity of the history of Khyber sacrifices would not go waste. Force. He said the slain SP this menace. The funeral Pakthunkhwa police. Talking to reporters af- was the real asset of KP prayer of seven cops inour future generation. Meanwhile, Provincial ter attending the funeral Police Force and we are cluding SP Rural Khurshid The Chief Minister highly lauded the bravely Minister for Information and prayer of SP Khurshid proud of him. He said Khan, who were martyred and gallantry of Shaheed Public Relations, Mian Iftikhar Khan and his co-police strong and decisive action during a deadly ambush who embraced should be taken against with militants at Ghaziabad Khurshid Khan and his fel- Hussain said Monday that SP cops Khurshid Khan Shahadat while fighting terrorists where ever Check most in the limits of low who stood like a rock in Rural Mathani police station here militants in found. way of militants by foiling Shaheed and his fellows po- against

late Sunday night, was offered at Central Police line. The Funeral Prayer of Khurshid and other slain cops were attended besides others Khyber Pakthunkhwa Governor Barrister Masood Kausar, Chief Minister Ameer Haider Khan Hoti, Senior Ministers Bashir Ahmed Bilour, Rahimdad Khan, Information Minister Mian Iftikhar Hussain, IGP Akbar Khan Hoti, provincial ministers, MPAs and elites of the area besides residents of the City and police officials in large number. A smartly contingent of KP Police presented salute to the coffin of the deceased. Later, the body of the slain SP was shifted to Dhagi Charsadda for burial. Tight security arrangements were made on this occasion. According to Police, the valiant SP Rural Khurshid Khan and six others cops had laid down their lives with boots on when number of heavily armed militants attacked the Ghaziabad check post in Mathani area and opened indiscriminate fire at the police. The exchange of firing continued for several hours. The dead include three policemen including SP Rural and four personnel of Frontier Constabulary. There are reports that several militants were also killed in the firing whose bodies were taken away by their escaping accomplices.

3-day Int’l Chemistry Conference

Chemistry helps sustain development processes STAFF REPORTER P ESHAWAR —Participants of three-day international chemistry conference Monday expressed the resolve to study and use Chemistry for sustainable development of the country. The moot is being organized at University of Peshawar by National Centre of Excellence in Physical Chemistry in collaboration with Higher Education Commission, Pakistan Science Foundation and Chemistry CHITRAL: Students of a local college showing their art during Science and Technology Society of Pakistan. The chief guest of the incompetition. augural ceremony was Vice Chancellor University of Peshawar Prof. Dr. Qibla Ayaz while President Chemistry Society of Pakistan Dr. Din Muhammad and Director NCE in Physical Chemistry

College bus demand

Student threatens sit-in outside Presidency STAFF REPORTER

P ESHAWAR —The People’s Students Federation (PSF) President women wing Chitral Bibi Jan has threatened to stage a sit-in outside the President House in Islamabad if the government failed to provide transport bus for the Government Girls Degree College in the District. Speaking at a news conference here on Monday, she said that the PPP provincial president PPP women wing Asma Alamgir during her visit to Chitral had announced provision of transport bus for their college and Rs 10 million for the construction of vocational centers and for the welfare of the women but they were still waiting for the implementation of the announcement. Bibi Jan complained that

she also visited the residence of Asma Alamgir twice but the government could not provide them the announced bus and amount for the welfare of the backward areas in Chitral. She asked the central and provincial leadership of the PPP to provide fund to them in this regard so that the commitment of Asma could be honored. She said the girls students always taunted her and ridicule her party for making hollow slogans instead of taking practical steps for the people and women. She said the other political parties were making offers to her to join their party but we would pressurise our own leadership to solve their problems. She recalled that the PPP leaders including ZA Bhutto, Nusrat Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto had been paying visits to Chitral.

Girl’s exam slip issued with boy’s photo

MULTAN—Saria Jamal Labar,

a student appearing in the matriculation exam under the auspices of Allama Iqbal Open University was shocked when she received her roll number slip with a photograph of a boy on Monday. Saria Jamal Labar, is daughter of PPP secretary general women wing Multan city, Saeeda Jamal Labar, who received the roll number slip on October 15 (Monday), while her first paper was also scheduled for the same day. She rushed to the examination centre wherein she staff did not allow her to sit in the eaxam, her father Jamal Abdul Nasir Labar told APP. He contacted regional director Arif Saleem Arif who permitted her to take exams. When contacted, regional director AIOU Arif Saleem Arif said the complainant’s behaviour was indecent, however, he had addressed the issue.—APP

Prof. Dr. Hassan Mehmood were also present on the occasion. Addressing the inaugural ceremony Dr. Ayaz said the new era of globalization has posed many challenges to the scientists and it is their responsibility to develop a road map in order to pool ideas and researches for best use of the general public. Earlier the chief organizer of the conference Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ilyas said National Centre for Excellence in Physical Chemistry has organized the 11th International and 23rd National Conference with the new spirit of working hard for the economic revival of the country. He added the centre has so forth produced 78 Ph.Ds and 169 M.Phil which is a hall mark achievement. President Chemistry Soci-

ety of Pakistan Dr. Din Muhammad said, the number of scientists is ever increasing but unfortunately the quality of our researchers is going down. The reason behind is we leave most of the analysis work to the technicians who are probably not fully equipped to do the job. Dr. Din Muhammad said it is high time to link researches with the industry and build a strong academia industry relationship. This would only be achieved if the scientists and policy makers work jointly for socio economic revival of the country. Around 300 delegates and scientists from across Pakistan and foreign countries including Turkey, China are participating in the conference, said Director NCEPC Dr. Hassan.

CE, NEC reject RAB to save private edu sector STAFF REPORTER

P ESHAWAR —The Chamber of Education (CE) and National Education Council (NEC) of Pakistan has rejected the Regulatory Authority Bill (RAB) approved by the provincial cabinet and urged the government to withdraw the decision to save the private education sector from destruction. Speaking at a news conference here at Press Club on Monday, the chairman CE and NEC, Nazar Hussain and regional chairman Fazal Hussain said that the government had not taken the private sector into confidence before approving the

bill. They said the existing law education code 1935 cover all aspects regarding the education and there was no need of any new bill. Nazar Hussain said that the government could bring changes in the law only regarding the salaries and facilities according to the changing situation. The education code, he said carry all comprehensive conditions regarding the approval of the educational institutions, inspections, procedures for the admission and expulsions of the students, maintaining records and accounts in the institutions. Similarly, he said the law also covered the procedures for maintaining discipline, ob-

servance of holidays, concessions in the fees etc. Nazar Hussain and Fazal Hussain said that the government had already destroyed all its institutions due to the existing politics, corruption, favoritism and nepotism but they wanted to ruin the private institutions through such laws. They said the private sector was playing better role in educating the nation, which they proved. The CE and NEC leaders recalled that the Peshawar High Court’s verdict that it had already declared the Education Code 1935 as one of the comprehensive law for the government and private sector educational institutions.

Rebuilding flood-hit drainage plan on cards STAFF REPORTER P ESHAWA R —The Khyber Pakthunkhwa government has planned construction of flood hit sewerage/drainage system in Charsadda district with an estimated cost of Rs.80 million to provide congenial atmosphere to residents. Official sources told reporters that this scheme has been included in Annual Development Programme ADP 2012-13 with allocation of Rs.40million for current financial year. The drainage system of Charsadda has badly been affected by floods and torrential rains

and needed immediate repair, he maintained. The drainage system of villages directly located on bank of River Kabul, River Swat and River Khayali also require immediate repair/maintenance work. The drainage system of Nisata, Prang, Rajar, Utmankhel, Badargah, Harichand and Umarzai also require maintenance. The government would spend Rs. 190 million on construction of left over district secretariat Swat with allocation of Rs.80 million for Current financial year. He said area development projects play a significant role in enhancing the agriculture

producing, natural resource management and development and its goal is to contribute to poverty reduction in the target areas through increased income and access to productive assets. The mega projects in regional sector include Torghar and Kohistan Area Development Project (TKDP), Bacha Khan Poverty Alleviation Programme (BPAP) and Refugees Affected and Hosting Area Project (RAHAP), which execute multiple interventions pertaining to rural roads, provision of potable water, natural resources management, PESHAWAR: Members of Class-IV Association of Education Department shout slogans micro-finance services. during a protest at hunger camp in front of EDO office.


We beg to differ with Altaf Bhai

HE cat is now out of the bag. The way the issue of attack on Malala Yousafzai, which has rightly been condemned by all with one voice, is being blown out of proportion sent alarm bells about the very motives of those behind the campaign and signals emanating from different directions confirm apprehensions of some segments of the society in this regard. It now becomes increasingly evident that the issue is being used rather misused to carry out military operation in North Waziristan for which the United States has long been pressing and Pakistan resisting for its obvious repercussions. MQM Chief Altaf Hussain had made banner headlines by forcefully demanding an all out operation against Taliban during his address to a mammoth rally organized in Karachi on Sunday to deliver policy speech on the issue. He not only extended his party’s support to Pakistan Army for the purpose but, in a taunting way, also added that his party men can be hired if there was shortage of personnel in the Army to fight this war. The statement of Altaf Bhai has not sprung any surprise as it is definitely part of the orchestrated and deep-rooted campaign to justify Pakistan Army’s full-fledged operation in North Waziristan. If one joins all pieces together, it does not require much wisdom or intelligence to gather that the hype being created over attack on Malala smacks of a sinister design to entrap Pakistan and ultimately weaken it. What interest Obama, Hillary Clinton, Australian Prime Minister and Ban ki Moon have got in repeatedly condemning and highlighting the attack on Malala yet keeping mum over dozens of people including women and children killed during drone attacks? Interior Minister Rehman Malik too spoke Western language describing NWA as hub of terrorists and hinting at the possibility of launching an operation there. Some NGOs, who are known to be receiving hefty grants from some Western countries, are also in the forefront of the campaign. Maulana Fazlur Rehman and Qazi Hussain Ahmad are being lashed out by these NGOs for exposing the plan and questioning the very notion that a fourteen-year-girl could emerge as a beacon of light for peace and education without any organized support. Operation in North Waziristan would be a suicide and might cause further dent to the already fragile law and order situation. The MQM leader is justifying the operation in the name of saving Pakistan but we believe that the operation would seriously undermine security interests of Pakistan for decades to come. Therefore, we would urge Altaf Hussain to revisit his statement and pledge to extend support to an operation that is destined to cause a severe blow to Pakistan.


Huge leakages in national wealth

report appearing in this newspaper has revealed that gas worth $2 billion gets stolen and leaked from the systems of SNGPL and SSGPL every year. And what is more shocking is another report that the Federal Cabinet secretly approved a summary to pass on the burden of Rs 9 billion worth of stolen gas to poor consumers. Both the reports are reflective of the callousness of the extreme sort on the part of gas companies as well as those at the helm of affairs, who, being elected representatives, are supposed to safeguard the interests of the people. It is an open secret that besides leakages, gas is stolen through direct connections or tempering of meters and that too by influential people and even businessmen yet no action is taken to rectify the situation. This is not confined to gas sector, as everyone knows about the quantum of theft in power sector with almost entire FATA and some parts of KPK paying nothing for the last many decades, existence of similar pockets in Balochistan and infamous Kunda system in Karachi and Hyderabad. It is a pity that instead of making all those to pay for what they consume, the burden is always passed on to those who honestly use gas and electricity and pay their bills. There would be no need to spread begging bowl before others if we address theft and corrupt practices in our system.

Pakistan to facilitate India-Afghan trade?


AKISTAN has agreed to allow Afghan trucks carrying fresh and dry fruits up to Wahga border for export to India on temporary basis. The decision reached after two days of talks between senior officials of the two countries in Islamabad would certainly raise serious concerns particularly among the business community, transporters and security agencies. Earlier the Afghan trucks with goods for India were not allowed beyond Peshawar and Chaman and the consignments were carried by Pakistani transporters. There are talks that it is the beginning of allowing regular transit trade between Afghanistan and India that would seriously dent our own trade and security interests. Of late there had been demands from Afghanistan for this facility and the government gave in without giving due consideration to negative fallouts. How India is going to benefit from that is another matter especially because of the tariff concessions allowed by our government. But what cannot be ignored is the concern that Afghan trucks going into India and ostensibly bringing back trade goods might be used to funnel drugs and weaponry into Pakistan. Already the transit facility has been misused as a means of smuggling. This has badly hurt Pakistan’s economy and affected local industry, whose products are ignored in front of cheap smuggled items. It is a known fact that many items imported by Afghans disappear midway and reach Pakistani markets causing huge losses to national exchequer in customs and other taxes and at the same time to local industry. The latest decision is a testimony that Pakistani officials least bother about the negative affects to country’s economy and security. While strongly opposing the facility extended by Pakistan for Afghan-India trade, we are confident that trade bodies and security establishment would also look into this ill advised move and raise their voice against making it a regular practice.

Hurmat Group Zahid Malik President & Editor-in-Chief Faisal Zahid Malik Editor Ph: 021-32211777, 32631102

Gauhar Zahid Malik Executive Editor Ph: 051-2852027-8

Islamabad Ph Exchange: 051-2852027, 2852028 Reporting Desk: 051-2262254, News Desk: 051-2252480 Marketing: 051-2262254, Fax: 051-2262258 Email: Internet:



Faisal Zahid Malik

Nadeem Syed

Editor Ph: 021-32211777, 32631102 Fax: 021-32626902 Email:

Quetta Ghulam Tahir Resident Editor Ph: 081-2829238-40 Fax: 081-2829072 Mobile: 0333-7944760

Resident Editor Ph: 042-37593341, 37566702 Fax: 042-36300043 Email:

Peshawar Resident Editor Ph: 091-5252157 Fax: 2591705

Muzaffarabad Abdul Hameed Shaheen Resident Editor Ph: 051-2852027-8 Email:


Aiding Myanmar’s reforms


What is the way forward? tary to become heads of the state often criticized military more than others. Anyhow, no political party could boast about its demoMohammad Jamil cratic credentials Email: or impeccable character of its leaders. Even judiciary had provided legitimacy to the military ur political parties and lead dictators and granted permission to ers have been accusing each dictators to amend the constitution, other of corruption and for which right it itself did not have. supporting the military dictators in During the last 65 years, Pakistan has the past. The fact remains that con- faced multi-faceted crisis, and once flict between the political parties, suffered the trauma of disintegration. intolerance and deep-rooted hatred Today, Pakistan is again at the crossamong politicians in the past pro- roads; it is facing multifaceted crivided opportunity to the Generals sis, and there is threat to its internal to intervene. In 1977, it was con- and external security. Indeed, there glomeration of political parties that is need for unity among the political had started agitation against Bhutto parties and organs of the state; but government on the plea that it had how to bring the disparate elements rigged elections. Reportedly, a on one focal point i.e. strengthening leader of the Pakistan National Al- the federation? It could be done by establishing liance had written a letter to the army chief to topple the govern- truth and reconciliation commission ment. Before October 1958 Martial where all politicos and organs of the Law also, political parties were at state should acknowledge the aberloggerheads; a deputy speaker in the rations and flawed decisions in the former East Pakistan Assembly was past, and then forgive and forget to seriously injured in a free for all on make a fresh start. Though the conthe floor of the house and later suc- ditions were different, in South Afcumbed to his injuries. As regards rica Truth and Reconciliation Comformer General Pervez Musharraf’s missions was formed whereby both military dispensation, the Grand sides had forgiven and forgotten the Democratic Alliance comprising excesses of the past. In Pakistan also, more than a dozen political parties all the pillars and organs of the state was united on one-point i.e. to get should accept their wrongdoings of the past, and apologize to the nation rid of Nawaz government. Almost all political and reli- for their flawed decisions. And poligious parties and their leaders have ticians should stop blaming each at one time or another aided and other, and also abandon the habit of abetted military dictators and joined denigrating the institutions like jutheir bandwagons. Those leaders diciary and armed forces. The South who were propped up by the mili- African Truth and Reconciliation

News & Views


Commission (TRC) was set up by the Government of National Unity to help deal with what happened under apartheid. The conflict during this period had resulted in violence and human rights abuses from all sides. No section of society escaped these abuses. The TRC was based on the Promotion of National Unity and Reconciliation Act, No 34 of 1995, and implemented its mandate through 3 committees: the Amnesty Committee, Reparation and Rehabilitation Committee and Human Rights Violations Committee. The Register of Reconciliation gave members of the public a chance to express their regret at failing to prevent human rights violations and to demonstrate their commitment to reconciliation. The TRC was a court-like body assembled in South Africa after the end of Apartheid. Anybody who felt they had been a victim of violence could come forward and be heard at the TRC. Perpetrators of violence could also give testimony and request amnesty from prosecution. It is worth mentioning that following his release from prison on 11 February 1990 after 27 years incarceration, Mandela’s switch from a policy of confrontation to a policy of reconciliation and negotiation helped lead the transition to multiracial democracy in South Africa. In Pakistan, politicians who do not have moral high authority because of their dubious past criticize the military. In media the analysts and panelists resort to scathing criticism knowing full well that present military leadership is committed to support the democratic set up. It has to be mentioned that people of Pakistan have suffered in equal measure during elected governments and dictatorships, as our inept leadership has all along been clueless, directionless and even ignorant of how the public feels about it for its indifference to

their sufferings. Instead of mitigating the sufferings of the people and ridding them of inflation and unemployment, partisans and pillars of the state even today are at loggerheads. Those who project themselves as self-righteous persons should not forget that the nation is aware of the fact that they are no statesmen and visionaries but pigmies that are out to grind their own axe. Politocos should reform themselves and democratize their parties so that new leadership could emerge to face the challenges confronted by the nation. The conduct of COAS Ashfaq Parvez Kayani before, during and after February 2008 is admirable. Judiciary’s mindset also seems to have changed and Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry is reforming the judiciary. Political leaders have to understand that exercise of their right to criticize the government should not smack of hatred towards the ruling party or ‘opposition for the sake of opposition’. In democracies, there could be difference of opinion over methodologies of achieving the targets and timeframe, but the basic objectives of all the political parties with regard to welfare of the masses and stability and security of the country should remain common. Both major political parties, the PPP and the PML-N, should remember that politics of obduracy has not paid in the past and would not pay in future, as in democratic societies the contradictions and controversial issues are resolved through dialogue. Both sides should abandon rigidity and sense of false egos and display flexibility. In other words they should be prepared for ‘give and take’, as nobody has the right to dictate his terms or impose his decisions irrespective of his position or status. —The writer is Lahore-based senior journalist.

Malala after Salala tween conservative forces in Pakistani society and especially in the tribal belt against Ali Ashraf Khan a sweeping change in age-old traditions and values which is being pushed into Pakistan through the media, internet and globalization as such. While here is a public frenzy going life in the tribal areas hasn’t changed on in Pakistan about the for centuries now change is being shooting of 14 year old thrust overnight creating the fear of Malala Yusufzai by Swat Taliban losing cultural roots and religion and and after the issue has been taken resentment against the ‘other’. up and widely publicized by CNN This resentment is natural and it and BBC to gain political mileage. has been seen in remote areas all over The girl is reported to have been the world when change had come too shot for her engagement in favor of fast. That it took a violent turn though girl’s education in Pakistan and in in the shape of the Taliban and armed the tribal areas in particular. But if militancy is an outcome of growing we take a closer look at the hap- militarization in Pakistan during the pening it turns out that together with Russian occupation of Afghanistan her avocation of unspecified ‘edu- when US weapons were transported cation’ for girls with some NGO through our country and much of it support, the Taliban have been ac- remained here and the jihadi ideolcusing her for speaking in favor of ogy was spread through textbooks education that is promoting west- printed in Oregon/US. There were no ern lifestyle and values in a conser- Taliban before the Afghan war in vative tribal society, where cable Afghanistan and there were no TV, internet link through face book Taliban in Pakistan before the US war & twitter is unacceptable and sms in Afghanistan. It surfaced for the first through cell phones is root cause of time when US Ambassador in Pakiall ills & curses that are threat to stan Mr. Okelay and General Retired our social values and norms of life Naseerullah Babar the then Interior in an Islamic country’s. Still killing Minister made united efforts in this a young girl is not to be justified by regard. Saudi Arabia, UAE & Pakiany means. stan established diplomatic ties imBecause whatsoever she did or mediately. Taliban & Al-Qaeda if that said she did and said in good faith bad then who is financing and assistperhaps with the support of her fam- ing them to topple Syrian government ily and father who would be respon- after toppling Ghaddafi in Libya, sible in the first place if they at all which is reported to have backfired understand the gimmick of social in recent attack on US diplomats in networking among teenagers. But Libya. CNN and BBC and their supthis incident also shows that there porters in Pakistan are now blowing is a continuing struggle going on be- the Malala issue out of proportion


they close their eyes on their own responsibility in the matter. Apart from Malala Pakistani women, men and children are the victims of this ongoing American proxy war and the resulting Talibanization which brought militancy and religious strife in every walk of our life. What about the wives and daughters of the 24 soldiers that died in Salala? What about the wives and mothers of those boys who were killed by the CIA spy in Lahore? What about the Christian girls who are blamed of blasphemy while the pesh imam was manipulating the evidence? What about the thousands of women and children who had to leave their homes because of the drone attacks and army operations in their home towns and villages? And where were all the protesters when the newly wed wife of Baitullah Masud was killed together with him in a drone attack or when all the torn bodies of the unknown civilian victims of the drones were buried? In there frenzy of achieving millennium goals they are thrusting Western culture and opinion against Pakistan & Islam, that is worth reading, some facts published in New York Times by Nicholas D. Kristof who writes “ The day Malala was shot, far away in Indonesia, another 14 year old girl seeking education suffered another kind of misogyny, sex traffickers had reached out to this girl through Face book, detained and raped for a week, when her private school got wind of what happened, school not only told her that she had tarnished school image and publicly expelled her from school. When in US it is easy to dismiss such incidents as distant barbarities, but we have a blind spot for our own injustices-like

sex trafficking across America, teenaged girls are trafficked by pimps on websites like and then these girls are also treated by police as criminals rather then victims. These girls are not just expelled from schools; they are arrested by police in US. Jerry Sandusky’s sex abuse of boys provoked outrage. But similar abuse is routine for trafficked girls across America, and local authorities often shrug with indifference in the same way some people at Penn State evidently did.” He also writes that Malala wrote in her recent e-mail to one of his Times colleague, Adam Ellick that “I want an access to the world of knowledge” While no fingers are ever raised against the feudal dominated ruling elite who are the main cause of continued illiteracy in Pakistan for last many decades. While Islam lays a lot of stress on education of male and female alike-an authentic Hadith is: “Talibul Elum Farizatun, Kuley Muslimeen o Muslimaat.” And Holy Prophet himself declared Mosque as school when West was in dark ages of its history. But today this kind of Islam seems to have been lost in the fight between secularized enlightenment and Islamic insistence of its own right to decide what is good. This is not denying the fact that there are problems in our society regarding how to adjust modernity with tradition, how to integrate a country and its people who are vastly different in their lifestyle, values and living conditions, but this has to be our own task, we have to do it our way and outside pressure or interference has to be rejected. Writing all this is not approving of this heinous crime.

n an Oct 11 meeting in Tokyo held at the initiative of Japan, 26 countries and five international organizations including the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank agreed to work together to help Myanmar with its reform efforts. The problem of Myanmar’s overdue debts — the biggest obstacle to the country’s full return to the international community — is likely to be solved. It is hoped that the fruit of the meeting will give impetus to Myanmar’s democratisation and economic reform efforts so that it can quickly end its isolation in the international community. Japan, Myanmar’s largest creditor, announced that it will forgive some ¥300 billion of Myanmar’s roughly ¥500 billion overdue debts to it, convert the remaining some ¥200 billion debts into new low-interest loans and resume yen-denominated concessional loans at the earliest time possible next year. The ADB and the World Bank also expressed their intentions to clear Myanmar’s overdue debts to them in January 2013. Myanmar owes about $500 million to the ADB and about $400 million to the World Bank. Japan plans to help the two banks’ debt clearance efforts by offering bridge loans from the Japan Bank for International Cooperation to Myanmar so it can return the debts by utilizing the JBIC loans, with a view to the ADB & WB resuming loans to Myanmar. The results of the meeting show that the ADB and the World Bank have a positive view of Myanmar’s reform efforts. The Southeast Asian country is getting attention from the international community in part because it is rich in natural resources and with a population of 50 million, it has an inexpensive but excellent labour force. Japanese Finance Minister Koriki Jojima said that Japan’s yen-denominated concessional loans can be used for development of power sources, improvement of roads and ports, and development of agricultural villages. The US is also paying attention to Myanmar’s democratisation efforts. US State Secretary Hillary Clinton told visiting Myanmar President Thein Sein that the United States will completely lift its economic sanctions against Myanmar. But some of the countries that are Myanmar’s creditors are cautious about giving financial assistance to Myanmar because its democratisation efforts have just started. Although Mr. Thein Sein acquiesced to Ms. Suu Kyi’s entry into national politics, released political prisoners and relaxed the control of speech, the constitution gives the military one-fourth of the parliamentary seats and conservatives within the military are not positive about democratisation efforts. Conflicts with Muslim minorities are serious and truce with armed organizations of ethnic minorities has yet to come. Japan must carefully consider what concrete assistance it can offer Myanmar to help further its democratisation and reconstruction. — The Japan Times


Healthy living


he Health Authority Abu Dhabi’s prediction that there will be a high demand for medical facilities to tackle critical illnesses shows that there is a possibility that lifestyle diseases could play havoc if not kept in check. It also shows that both the public and private sector in the medical field need to join hands in providing the best facilities possible and also to meet rising demand. Statistics show that waiting periods have reduced across specialities, but a critical capacity gap is still prevalent in intensive and critical care medicine. At the same time, it is heartening to note that hospitals across the country are focusing on medical facilities to provide care for diabetes, heart disease and cancer. Although the demand for facilities outstrips supply, the focus has once again turned to healthy living. An increasing awareness of the need to live stress-free lives and maintain a healthy diet, combined with regular exercise, is needed to keep many lifestyle diseases at bay. The UAE has been in the forefront of providing the best medical facilities possible. It is now the responsibility of the residents to combine this with playing an active role in staying fit. — Gulf News I am dying with the help of too many physicians. —Alexander the Great

A worthy successor to Quaid M A Mughal


awabzada Liaquat Ali Khan was born into Punjabi Mus lim Nawab family in Karnal, East Punjab on October 1 1895. He was educated at the Aligarh Muslim University in India, and the Oxford University in the United Kingdom. Prior to his return to India, Liaquat Ali Khan rose to prominence and was also the influential member of the Muslim League. He was a trusted lieutenant of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, advocating and determining to eradicate the injustices and ill treatment meted out to the Indian Muslims by the British government. He rose as an influential member of Muslim League and later was one of the principle Founding Fathers of Pakistan. Liaquat Ali Khan was invited first to join the Congress Party, but allied himself with the Muslim League, playing a vital role in the independence of India and Pakistan,

while served as the Finance minister in the interim government of British Indian Empire, prior to partition. Liaquat Ali Khan and his wife are credited with persuading Jinnah to return to India— an event which marked the beginning of the Muslim League’s ascendancy and paved the way for the Pakistan movement— following the passage of the Pakistan Resolution in 1940. Liaquat Ali Khan assisted Jinnah in campaigning for the creation of a separate state for Indian Muslims. His influential role led the British Indian Empire to disintegrate into modernday state of India and Pakistan. Considered the confident of Jinnah, Liaquat Ali Khan was appointed first Prime minister, but his government faced eminent challenges and endless regional conflict with India, forcing him to approach to his counterpart Jawaharlal Nehru to reach a settlement to Kashmir issue, but Nehru pushed for the referral of the problem to the United Nations. Liaquat Ali Khan’s foreign policy sided with the United States and the West, although Ali Khan was

determined to be a part of the NonAligned Movement. Envisaged to establish the parliamentary democracy in the country, he faced internal political unrest and also survived coup led by the Leftists and Com-

Liaquat Ali Khan munists. His influence further grew after the death of Quaid-i-Azam, and he worked tirelessly to bring peace and stability in the country. On 16 October 1951, Liaquat Ali Khan was

shot twice in the chest during a public meeting of the Muslim League at Company Bagh, Rawalpindi. The police immediately shot the assassin who was later identified as Saad Akbar Babrak. He was rushed to a hospital and given a blood transfusion, but succumbed to his injuries. The exact motive behind the assassination has never been fully revealed. Saad Akbar Babrak was an Afghan national and a professional assassin from Hazara and was known to the police prior to the assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan. The assassination is still a very big question mark because it was never investigated properly. Upon his death, Khan was given the honorific title of “Shaheed-e-Millat”, or “Martyr of the Nation”. He is buried at Mazare-Quaid in Karachi. The Municipal Park, where he was assassinated, was renamed Liaquat Bagh in his honour. It is the same location where ex-Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in 2007.

Why a 14-year-old girl is important? Mazhar Iqbal


alala, 14, is the new face of Pakistan- a country that has persistently been pushed as the hotbed of militant Islam. She is not only the latest victim of an extremely criticised brand of Muslim faith that supports the totalitarian interpretation of Islamic law, but also a new hope for a whole generation of moderate and tolerant Pakistanis. A segment of local Pakistani and international media has reported that this teenage blogger was attacked for being vocal on women education in a primitive society that does not support women’s equal role in society as compared to men. Yet, the Taliban, who attacked Malala has clearly stated that she was targeted because of her pioneer role in preaching secularism and moderation in Muslim society. They have also mentioned that whosoever will commit so in the future he will be targeted . The latest media reports say they have

threated the injured girl’s parents to kill them. The Taliban were described as eliminated from this area after the massive clean-up operation by Pakistani security agencies. But, this incident has proved that they were still operating in heavily guarded zone and Pakistan’s security apparatus was not fully aware of the situation on the ground. Over the years, it has been the favourite issue for global media that the Taliban has a popular support among local masses, particularly in Northern Pakistan. Now, some of the media pandits claim that this attack seems to be launched to check the popularity of the Taliban movement in these areas. In fact, if they were hoping for more populist division in Pakistan with the attack on an innocent girl, they appear to have underestimated. During last two days, world has witnessed a large-scale protest and anger by all Pakistanis including political parties, civil society and media that shows a different story. Even those who have been vocal and deeply involved in creating confusion about extremely debated blasphemy laws

have denounced this appalling incident. Such a popular and collective sympathy for Malala has slapped on the faces of those who were sceptical about this country’s existence as a tolerant society. Now, Pakistan people are confident to ask questions about totalitarian approach in defining political and ambitious aspects of Muslim faith. They are wondering whether it is enough to change deepseated and orthodox sentiments about the role religion must play in running the affairs of a modern state. Some of the political faces on the helm of affairs in Pakistan are still endorsing the views that banning women from education, publicly executing those who do not practice Islam in their daily life and killing innocents have something inherent to Islam.It’s so encouraging that mainstream media in Pakistan has applauded Malala’s side of the story. It has also been reported that some of the media houses have been put on hit-lists of the Taliban for exceedingly advocating the Malala cause. It is now clear that why the Taliban attempted to silence the voice of 14-year-girl. It was fear, not faith, which drove them

to attack this gallant girl. After all, she was writing a blog for BBC about her life under the Taliban and was the recipient of the national peace prize in 2011. Some of the critics of media have raised objection on not highlighting the critical and sad plight of other girls who were injured with Malala. Yes, they need to be given the best possible care and treatment from the state and they also rightly deserve the prayers and well wishes of millions of Pakistanis as they keep for Malala. They could be as important as Malala. It is not Malala who climbed heights of national pride and international applaud after a cowardly attack on her life; it is her message that is gaining popularity and showing the accurate face of Pakistan. They all are on streets, on TV screens, newspaper pages and everywhere; all saying Malala, you are not alone. Millions of voices of fellow Pakistanis are with you. They have a shared stance that in the war against terrorism they are not with the Taliban. —The writer is associated with Press for Peace.

Views From Abroad

Egypt waits for change doned and ignored. The narrow street is decorated with posters for Morsi and the other candidates who ran to reDavid Ignatius place him as president. What was once known as the Mubarak Bridge across a big Nile canal has now been renamed after one of the ou can see what the Egyptian revolution’s martyrs. But the deeper revolution has achieved, 20 changes that Menoufia needs are only months on, by visiting this beginning. The Nile canals are filthy rural area of the Nile Delta that was with trash, and the water is undrinkthe birthplace of the deposed dicta- able. The local economy is backward, tor, Hosni Mubarak: Everything is still dependent on a moribund state different outwardly, but beneath the bureaucracy. The Muslim Brothersurface, almost nothing has changed hood leader here says all the right yet. The revolution’s impact is most things about reform, but so far there’s obvious in the fact that the Muslim almost nothing to show for it. Brotherhood won the parliamentary Sitting on the banks of a broad elections here, even in this former canal, I talked politics with a group regime stronghold. And people seem of young residents. So many came free to say what they think, includ- along to join in that we had to move ing sharp criticism of the new presi- into a local clubhouse. Mohammed dent, Mohamed Morsi, in a way that Said, a 32-year-old leather merchant, would have been unthinkable before. credits the new president for firing The chaos has eased, too. Secu- the top army generals and creating rity is better than it was in the months Egypt’s first real civilian government. after the revolution. The police are But otherwise, he says, “the changes back in the streets, directing traffic. on the ground are superficial. . . . The A long strike has ended at the local people are still poor, the kids are on textile plant, and people are back at the street, the water is dirty.” Around work on farms and in rural factories. us, indeed, is a timeless scene: A fan Mubarak’s old family house is aban- spins lazily overhead; outside, the


waters move slowly downstream, clogged with trash. Women by the bank wash their clothes in the canal, despite its filth. Some people are sharply critical: “The Muslim Brotherhood will lose the next election,” insists Ayman Abdul Aziz, 26, who describes himself as a video cameraman. He thinks the Brotherhood has “manipulated” the piety of poor Muslims to get power but won’t deliver. Like most of the young people who met me, he’s a member of a secular leftist group called the April 6 Movement that helped start the revolution but then lost out to the better organized Brotherhood. In a tidy office nearby, I meet a local leader of the Brotherhood named Badr el-Falah. He’s an engineer by trade, now a member of parliament, and he shows the Brotherhood’s best face: neat, wellspoken, serious about fighting corruption and creating jobs. He spent time in prison in 2010 under Mubarak, and his forehead is calloused from frequent prayer. When I ask Falah about the Brotherhood’s slogan, “Allah is the answer,” he says it has been part of his life since he joined the organization at 17. Yet in our conversation, he focuses not on religion but on economic development. He understands that the people of Menoufia are in a

“huge rush” to see change, but he says it won’t happen overnight; the problems are too serious. How to judge the Brotherhood’s success in this patch of Egypt? Falah answers that in a year I will see more paved roads, cleaner water, less trash. In two or three years, I’ll see new industries, a new highway connecting the city with Cairo, a free-trade zone, a less corrupt local bureaucracy and a program to recycle waste. Back in Cairo, I ask a leading technology investor named Ahmed el-Alfi, who’s running a new “incubator” for entrepreneurs called Flat6Labs, what he thinks of the Brotherhood leadership nationally. He explains why he’s optimistic: “Morsi is meeting with a broader representation of business people than Mubarak ever did. He knows that the status quo is a dead end and that he has to make economic progress quickly.” The human capital exists to change Egypt, Alfi insists: His labs launched 18 tech businesses over the past year. Ten have already found investors. Will Morsi and the Brotherhood be the change agents Egypt needs? The honest answer is that we need to come back to places like Menoufia in a year or two and find out. — Courtesy: The Washington Post

Jubilation over more noise..!


ow that the noise deadline’s been extended by the Mumbai government, so that loudspeakers can be put on till well past midnight, many people are quite excited. My ground floor neighbour a ninety year old retired government officer who had just returned from hospital after his fourth bypass was trembling with joy and his daughter had a tough time trying to control his excitement, “these last few months have been too peaceful,” he whispered, “my blood pressure has come down, my diabetes has nearly

disappeared, all because there is no noise in the night. I have been wondering whether I will ever be able to die and join my beloved wife and mother and father, but now with the deadline lifted, my blood pressure will shoot up, my rheumatism will be back and I am sure my wife is already waiting for me in the skies!” Fat Mrs Padmaben Shah who lives in the pent house right on top of my building, whose husband is a millionaire and is rumoured to have done business together with billionaires, when he started his trading career was being helped down the steps to the waiting car which would take her to the celebrations in the colony compound: “Our mother is so happy that the ban on timing has been lifted,” gushed her pretty elder daughter as she helped her stout mother down, “she did not want to go on diet and stop

eating her rassagulas and gulabjamun, now that she can keep awake, she knows she will lose the extra kilos. She is sending a box of her favourite sweets to the Maharashtra government for being so considerate to her!” A bus driver and conductor who were sitting in a tea shop nearby had a look of relief on their faces, “our buses will again be empty,” said the conductor, “with the timing ban lifted people will be awake the full night and not go for work the next day. A psychiatrist who didn’t want to be named was over whelmed with joy, “many of my patients are going to benefit with this noise ban going,” he said, “they have been finding it very difficult to adjust from a very noisy, rackety, noise deafening day to absolute silence in the night. It has been very, very traumatic for them to make this kind of adjustment. Now

they will surely benefit and my many thanks to the government for thinking of my patients!” A travel agent was dancing with joy, “people coming to India from abroad for the last few months say that the peace and calm in the nights is very like their own countries, and have asked me for refunds. Now with the noise ban lifted they will once again know it is India!” My dog who sleeps through the night but pretends he is up guarding the house was jubilant, “I’m glad the government came to my help,” he growled, “now with my ear drums blown out every night, you can’t blame me if I don’t hear a thief or burglar breaking into the house..!’ Like I said, there is a lot of jubilation in Mumbai, to celebrate the noise..! —Email:

Voice of the People Preventing cyber war KHAWAJA UMER FAROOQ


ew wave of cyber attacks around the world on sensitive installations prove that cyber threat has become reality in these days. Despite growing cyber attacks world community is doing nothing to prevent this threat. It seems true that big powers are preparing for possible cyber war, hiring hackers and enhancing their cyber capabilities. After increasing cyber attacks battle of words is still going on between US, China, Russia and Iran everyone accuses each other of cyber attacks but no one want to face realties. After popularity of social media extremist organizations are widely using internet these days to enhance their agenda. They also launched several cyber attacks against their rivals and threat is growing. Financial and economic effects are more disastrous and Cyber war is more harmful than normal war and we can easily imagine its harmful effects. Although some countries have introduced tough laws against cyber crimes but at the time when poverty is growing in third world countries and Europe is facing worse financial crises most of countries are not able to allocate extra funds to prevent cyber threats. Only tough laws against cyber crimes and interest of big powers can improve further deterioration in the situation. —Jeddah, KSA

KU’s student’s week SHUJA HAIDER

I want to draw your attention towards the ineffective role played by the office of student affairs of Karachi University during the ” Student’s week “ of session 2012. Student advisory office did not give guide line to the organizer of different events on department level or university level. Only they issued a notification, in which they told the students that the office of Student Affair cannot provide funds for the event in Student’s week due to University’s financial crunch. They did not guide the students about what kinds of programs they should organized. Due to this no literary or constructive activity was organized during Student’s week. These types of activities encourage students to show their creative work, their ability to think, write and present their ideas with others. The office of Student’s affair asked the students to take permission for their respective department before organizing any event. But due to the shortage of funds, the department were also unable to help students in organizing any unprofitable events ( debate competition, speech and writing competition) except some departments. So, departments also encourage their student to organized cost effective and profitable events, with stalls and music that are attractive for people. It’s my request to the higher authorities of Karachi University, to take notice of the absence of Office of Student’s Affair during the resent Student’s week. —Via email

The end loser SAMI UR REHMAN

This is with reference to the letter to the editor titled ‘Consumer the end loser’ by Mr. Alamgir Khan that appeared in your newspaper recently. I totally sympathise with the writer as I am in the same spot. I had also recently bought an imported 660 cc used car called Mira. A couple of weeks back I met an accident in which one of the headlights of my car was broken and the radiator was badly damaged. After searching in the market and in Shershah car junkyard, I found that the radiator in not available anywhere in Pakistan. On asking about other options, I was informed that the radiator could be imported from Dubai but it would cost me Rs. 30,000. I am new junior executive in a company and was barely able to buy this reconditioned car. To have my car running again, I will either have to import the radiator from Dubai which I cannot afford or dump my car at a junkyard and lose my precious investment. —Islamabad

Leaving Presidency DR IRFAN ZAFAR

Former Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani has said that he left the Presidency when things became intolerable for him. To start with, the Exconvicted PM should be ashamed of living in the presidency at the expense of taxpayers money despite being disgracefully removed as the Prime Minister of the Country. Looking at the PPP’s record of using & dispensing away of it’s office bearers when their objectives are achieved, the exit of Mr Gilani is understandable. Honourable Mr Gilani, ever heard the word “Tissue Paper”? —Islamabad

Flyover in Karachi

MUBASHIR MAHMOOD It is very good to see that fly over construction has started at Water Pump, Ayesha Manzil and Liaquatabad Dakhana in Karachi. These three flyovers will now ensure hassle free flow of traffic. Because of traffic jam at Ayesha Manzil and Liaquatabad Dakhana, there

were many case of mobile snatching. Mobile snatchers were very much active in these areas and police have failed to maintain law and order in these areas. During the inauguration ceremony Sindh Governor Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan said that work on these fly over, will be done 24/7 and within six months construction of fly overs will be completed. —Karachi

Tribute to Malala CHANGEZI SANDHU

Malala Yousafzai is an ambassador of peace and daughter of Pakistan from Swat. She had fought against Talban and such kind of other terrorist groups who had tried to destroy peace and education system of Swat. In the consequence of her unbelievable struggle for the education of girls, she has been injured in Talban’s attack. She has achieved a lot of awards like National Peace Award and Tamgha.i.Shujaat etc. After receiving the award she says, “I am not fighting for any award, neigther have I struggled to be be a part of any competition to get nominations in any list. For me my cause to fight for the education of girls and children’s rights is of supreme importance. And this, I will continue to the end’’. Unfortunately, we are living in a society where we cannot express our internal expressions openly due to threats and such kind of other horrible problems. I am unable to find appropriate words to condemn it. I deeply regret to say that we are pulling Pakistan into the world of oppression due to our self and political interests. I request the present government to investigate and bring out ins and outs of this inhumane and immoral incident. Government must eradicate Talban and such kind of other terrorist groups who are trying to destabilize our country. —Islamabad

Future of personal libraries JAWED AHMED KHURSHEED

The future of personal libraries in Pakistan is uncertain. Libraries and institutions are not capable of preserving personal libraries due to insufficient resources and devoid of scientific trend to preserve a personal collection. Many libraries are holding the personal collections of the noted personalities particularly scholars. Many literaties have donated their personal collections to some of the known institutions of Pakistan. The University of Karachi, the University of the Punjab and the Hamdard University are those universities where many known writers have donated their personal collections. Among those who donated their personal collections to the University of Karachi were Ahsan Marahravi, Molvi Bashiruddin Ahmed and Abulais Siddiqui. Dr. Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Mirza Ali Azhar Barlas, Hameedudin Shahid, Dr. Sohail Bukhari, Dr. Shokat Sabzwari and Dr. Riazul Hassan. Prof. Dr. Moinuddin Aqeel said in his booklet, titled, “Mera Kutab Khana: its specialty, uniqueness… and its future” that he had seen some of the rare manuscripts and books collected by Muhammed Amin Zubairy, a known biographer, in the British library, England, which it purchased in seventies. He lamented that he saw books of his elders’ personal collections being sold at footpaths. In the booklet, Dr. Aqeel has shared to its readers what has compelled to him to ship recently his rare personal collection to Koyoto University, Graduate School of Asia and Africa Area Studies, Japan where the university has planned to name a section of its library as Aqeel Collection. There are many personal collections waiting to be preserved for the generations to come. Dr. Jamil Jalibi and Dr. Farman Fateh Puri have also their significant personal collections. Dr. Aslam Farukhi, Prof. Dr. Zafar Iqbal, Prof. Sahar Ansari, Dr. Tahseen Firaqi, Ikram Chughtai, Afzal Haq Qureshi, Muhammed Alam Mukhtare- Haq and Iqbal Mujadadi are few scholars of high stature whose personal collections deserve to be preserved. I request the President of Pakistan and Chief Justice of Pakistan to look into the matter and reserve a

place in Pakistan where personal collections can be preserved and efforts to upload such rare collection on line are also requested. —Karachi

Pak multifarious problems M FAZAL ELAHI

Pakistan’s problems are multifarious and innumerable. Institutions are decaying rapidly, businesses are either shrinking or winding up, the economy is declining sharply, declining foreign investment, energy crisis is deteriorating with every passing day, the law and order situation is worsening quickly, clashes between state organs are acquiring horrifying dimensions, terrorism and extremism are taking a heavy toll on innocent souls; one could go on and on and on. The situation undoubtedly presents a ‘doomsday’ scenario. The ADB-EDRC report maintains that the major impediments to FDI in Pakistan are urban violence, inconsistent economic policies, and government bureaucracy. Remedial policy actions are essential. Another major problem is the concentration of FDI on the power sector, a domestic-oriented sector, which results in large foreign exchange costs and remittances. This has serious balance of payments implications. Lessons learned from the Pakistan experience, the report says, are: developing economies should attach short-term priority to attracting FDI to the foreign exchange earning sector, or, at least, both the foreign exchange earning sector and other sectors simultaneously. Multilateral development organizations, including the Asian Development Bank, should also take this into account in their private sector operations, particularly the build-own-transfer type, to develop economic infrastructures in developing economies. All said and done, what remains to be seen is would the incumbent government and the government-inwaiting wake up to the alarming situation in the area of foreign direct investment in Pakistan? Would they take serious and tangible measures to improve the political, economic and law and order situation in the country to ensure creation of an atmosphere that is conducive for attracting foreign investment? —Islamabad

People’s priorities changed ZOHAIB AHMAD QURESHI

Since the Federal Government has started reviewing the POL products prices in the international market on weekly instead of monthly or fortnightly basis to make adjustments in these prices locally, the priorities of the people in general and the motorists in particular have changed rather sharply. Previously, they waited for the weekend for some outings here and there with or without family members. Now they keep their fingers crossed as the weekend approaches praying that the POL products prices are not revised upward as their prices are already much beyond the reach of most of the motorists with limited or modest resources. Though the priorities have been changed, as per force, but still the motorists have to do travelling within the cities and on highways and motorways on business, professional or personal engagements and commitments. The motorists cannot force the Federal Government not to revise POL products prices upward but they can certainly adopt some fuel saving measures to keep the fuel expenses under check and control to the maximum extent possible to undertake necessary travelling daily. —Lahore

READERS are requested to type their letters legibly with double spacing and only on one side of the paper.


If Israel Strikes Iran, What About Hezbollah?



S the day approaches when Israel may decide to launch a preemptive strike against Iran in order to cripple its nuclear infrastructure, Israeli policymakers and their allies abroad would carefully assess how the Lebanese-based group Hezbollah would react. Although Israel is unlikely to launch an attack on Iran prior to the U.S. Presidential election in November, the government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is said to be running out of patience and is becoming more vocal in warning that Iran’s nuclear program could cross Israel’s so-called “red line” by next spring or summer at the latest. Other factors, including the outcome of the U.S. elections, the outcome of the P5+1- Iran talks that are expected to follow the U.S. Presidential Election, growing instability in neighboring Syria, and the outcome of the early elections that Netanyahu has just called, will all factor into Israel’s decision on whether to use force against Tehran, and if so, when. But perhaps no single factor, besides Iran’s nuclear program itself, will be as important in influencing Israel’s strategic assessment as the realization that attacking Iran risks sparking a war on several fronts; that is, one that not only invites retaliation from Iran, but very likely from its regional ally and sometimes proxy, Hezbollah. With the debacle of the 2006 war against the Lebanese group still fresh in Israeli minds, the possibility that the Shi’a organization would renew hostilities against the Jewish state through cross-border raids, terrorism, or rocket attacks against its cities, will have to be part of Israel’s calculations for any “day after” scenario. Besides helping create the “Party of God” on the anvil of the Lebanese civil war and the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) invasion of Southern Lebanon in 1982, Iran’s support for Hezbollah has become multifaceted over the years, and now includes: military training, arms transfers, intelligence and, perhaps most crucially, financial support. Although a fair share of the funding provided by Tehran has gone towards building schools and hospitals, as well as the provision of social services in poor Shi’ite neighborhoods in Lebanon, the aid has also helped the organization’s militant wing. Moreover, Hezbollah fighters are known to have received

extensive training from, and to be working closely with, the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). While Hezbollah is now a political party competing in elections and an impor-

made SA-8 tactical air-defense systems. Hezbollah is also suspected of possessing a number of Chinese systems that were reverseengineered by Iran or Syria, including the Raad

Hezbollah, through direct strikes or terrorism, could complicate Israel’s decision to attack Iran and spark an even greater regional crisis. tant social force in long-neglected parts of Lebanon, and while it has for the most part ceased serving as an extension of the Islamic Republic, its armed wing’s ability to inflict pain on Israel remains a powerful bargaining chip, if not an adequate deterrent against an Israeli attack on Iran. As journalist Nicholas Blanford wrote in a recent book on the organization: “the billions of dollars Iran has spent on Hezbollah since 2000 was not an altruistic gift to help Lebanon defend itself against the possibility of future Israeli aggression … through Hezbollah, Iran has established a bridgehead on Israel’s northern border, enhancing its deterrence posture and expanding its retaliatory options in the event of an attack on the Islamic Republic.” Indeed, Hezbollah packs a formidable punch. According to IDF Deputy Chief of Staff Yair Naveh, Hezbollah today has at least 60,000 rockets and missiles in its arsenal, or about ten times the number it had during the 34-day war in 2006. While the organization had few rockets that were capable of hitting Tel Aviv during that

anti-ship missile, the Misagh-2 MANPAD, and the B302 rocket, a Syrian version of the Chinese WS-1 multiple-launch rocket system (MLRS). Other rockets in Hezbollah’s arsenal include the Iranian Fajr-3 (42km), Fajr-5 (~70km), and the Zalzel I/II(125/210km). In recent years, Hezbollah has placed medium- and long-range rockets deeper inside Lebanon and further away from the border with Israel. According to Daniel Byman of the Brookings Institution, many of those are concealed in homes. Such an arsenal, added to geographical proximity, has led some Israeli security officials to argue that an attack by Hezbollah would be more dangerous than Iranian retaliation following a preemptive strike against Tehran’s nuclear facilities. So far, Hezbollah Secretary General Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah has revealed little of his organization’s intentions vis-à-vis Israel should Iran be attacked, though he told Lebanese media in September that Iran would lash out not only at Israel proper, but also against U.S. military bases across the region. On the other hand, a senior

Consequently, while placating the Islamic Republic by attacking Israeli interest, Hezbollah would mitigate the risks of overwhelming retaliation against its positions within Lebanon. The group’s military wing, the Islamic Resistance, may have lost its terror master, Imad Mugniyeh, in a 2008 car bombing (presumably the work of Israeli intelligence), but there is little doubt it retains the ability to orchestrate devastating attacks worldwide, such as the bombing of the Buenos Aires Jewish community’s AMIA building in July 1994, in which 85 people were killed and more than 300 injured. conflict, today it is said to have several thousands in its arsenal capable of doing so. In addition to the short- and medium-range rockets, Western intelligence assesses that Hezbollah has acquired a Syrian version of the Iranian Fateh-110 surface-to-surface missile, with a range of 200-300km, and may have received Russian-

military advisor to Iran’s Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, recently said that Israeli leaders are placing their constituents “a step away from the grave” because “Hezbollah, will easily respond” if Iran is attacked. While we can only guess which account is most accurate, and though it may be tempting to imagine that

Hezbollah would instantly spring into action if Iran was attacked, the group faces constraints of its own that could limit its options. For one, both the Hezbollah leadership and the Iranian government would have to consider that an all-out attack by Hezbollah against Israel would have deadly consequences for the organization and Lebanese state. In other words, if its militants were to unleash thousands of rockets and missiles against Israel, the IDF would conceivably respond with overwhelming force, triggering a war from which the Shi’a organization might not be able to recuperate. The Israeli military learned several valuable lessons from its misadventure in 2006, and we can expect that IDF forces will be far better prepared in the next war than they were last time. For its part, even if the 2006 war bolstered its credentials as a resistance force across the greater Middle East, Hezbollah suffered a serious credibility blow at home for the systematic damage the war caused to Lebanon’s infrastructure. Nasrallah himself subsequently admitted his organization had miscalculated and that had he known of the IDF’s response beforehand, he likely would have called off the cross-border raids that sparked the war. In other words, Israel’s deterrent credibility this time around, added to Hezbollah’s need to act responsibly to ensure the welfare of ordinary Lebanese (what Blanford terms Hezbollah’s increasingly “Lebanocentric attitudes”), could persuade it against launching an all-out retaliation against Israel. This underscores the central dilemma Hezbollah has faced in recent times: namely, its need to honor its commitments to the Islamic Republic without jeopardizing the crucial support it enjoys among its coalition partners and constituents in Lebanon. In the context of responding to an Israeli attack on Iran, this dilemma could push Nasrallah towards the option that comports an element of deniability: terrorism. Rather than launch military strikes against Israel proper, Hezbollah, acting on its own or in cooperation with the IRGC, could decide to launch attacks against Israeli or American interests abroad, such as embassies, cul-

tural centers, and so on. While the point of origin of a rocket can easily be traced, the intelligence work that is required to identify the

individuals or organizations behind a terror attack can take months and will often times yield inconclusive results, thus making it more difficult politically for Israel to retaliate. Some analysts have also speculated that Hezbollah could ramp up its militant activities outside Lebanon to destabilize the region and thereby complicate Israel’s plans to derail the Iranian nuclear program — a sort of preemptive move by Iran to nix Israel’s own preemptive attack. The ongoing uprising against Bashar alAssad’s regime in Syria, an ally of Iran and Hezbollah, is proving both a threat and opportunity for the organization. A longtime backer of Hezbollah, Syria’s al-Assad regime has served as an arms conduit to the organization and propped it up politically within Lebanon, even after Syrian troops were forced to withdraw from Lebanon in 2005 amid political backlash from Lebanese citizens and demands from the UN following the assassination of Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in February of that year. Because it is drawn largely from the Alawite sect, al-Assad’s regime, like Iran and Hezbollah, believes it is threatened by Sunni Muslims, including the rebel groups that are seeking to overthrow it. The war in Syria is quickly becoming internationalized, with Damascus and Tehran claiming that Israel, the U.S., Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey are actively aiding the rebels.—Courtesy - The Diplomat.

Saudi Arabia, Syrian revolution saga Afghanis fear U.S. abandonment



T is clear that Saudi Arabia has dis sociated itself and washed its hands of the current leadership of the Syr ian regime. It is also clear that such dissociation is irreversible and that Riyadh is not addressing this matter in a manner that is commensurate with its position and power. With all the talk about Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey supporting the Syrian opposition by providing arms, the continuing superiority of the Syrian regime on the ground and in the air indicates that most of what is being said is simply an exaggeration by the regime and its allies. In fact, Saudi Arabia’s position on the Syrian issue is not different from that of Egypt. The most prominent difference between the position of Riyadh and Cairo as well as Ankara is that the Kingdom considers Iran to be a major factor of the problem in Syria, while Egypt and Turkey share the opposite view. Who would remain in this regime, and who would be likely to leave? On what basis will this be done? What is the position of the opposition on this, and where would they be positioned in such a regime? If such would play out, how would the regional alliances be affected? How would the relationship between Syria and Lebanon be affected by such a resolution? What about Hezbollah and its huge arsenal of weapons? How would Russia and Iran respond to such a proposal? Lastly, what about the opinions of Turkey and Egypt on this matter, which cannot be ignored? If is often said that the change in the position of Saudi Arabia on the Syrian regime occurred because they failed to put an end to the Syrian alliance with Iran. This view contradicts the experience that defined Saudi-Syrian relations; rather, the idea of this alliance is not solely the root of the problem that caused relations to slip. Historically, the first to develop the foundations of the Syrian-Iranian alliance was President Hafez Assad, but his relationship with Riyadh remained steady and strong over 30 years. This relationship passed big and tough tests: Sadat’s visit to Jerusalem, the Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel, and the Iran-Iraq war, during which Saudi


Arabia sided with Iraq and Syria sided with Iran. Then came the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in the summer of 1982, and the tanker war in the Gulf. Add to that the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and Desert Storm, followed by

the peace process in Madrid in 1991, with all its pitfalls. With all these momentous and significant events, SaudiSyrian relations remained intact, even leading to the Saudi-Syrian coordina-

dicate that relations between Damascus and Tehran did not become a stumbling block to Saudi relations with Syria throughout the era of Assad, the father — especially between the start of the Iranian revolution in 1979 and the death of Hafez Assad in 2000. Technically, this means that it could have been possible for Assad Jr. to keep the same relationship with Iran after he inherited power from his father without his relationship with Saudi Arabia being affected. However, this did not actually occur; rather, the opposite occurred, as relations began to deteriorate gradually after Bashar Assad came to power. So what has changed in Damascus after Hafez Assad? Is Assad Jr. more reluctant to the resistance than his father? How did his relations with Riyadh worsen? Many forget, or pretend to forget, that during the Riyadh summit in 1976, Saudi Arabia covered the Syrian troops in

The most prominent example of serious differences in the position of both countries was during the Iran-Iraq war, during which Saudi Arabia and Syria were on opposite sides. In Arab politics at the time, such a difference in position could have resulted in a blow to the relations between the two countries; however, despite Saudi Arabia and Syria being on difference sides, the relations between two countries were able to endure. tion and cooperation in Lebanon to be strongly established. We cannot say that there were no differences between Riyadh and Damascus in their approach to these momentous events. There were differences in both visions and interests, and it is not unexpected that such different visions and contradicting interests could and would amount to a clash. This indicates that the leadership of the two countries at that point considered the relationship between both countries to be of strategic importance, and thus, required maintenance for the sake of each country’s strategic goals. This is exactly what seems to be different in recent years, and as a result, a shift in the relationship between Riyadh and Damascus has occurred. All the mentioned momentous events also in-


NDIAN Air Force (IAF) chief N.A.K. Browne has made the astounding claim that use of “offensive airpower” would have averted India’s humiliating defeat in the 1962 China War. The government however restricted the IAF to provide transportation support to the Indian Army in the belief that use of airpower would provoke China into bombing Indian cities. This speculation is based on “what-if” questions, or what social scientists call counterfactuals. It’s hard to prove or disprove counterfactuals. But one can assess their plausibility by considering their context and the then-known facts. Using these criteria, it appears implausible that airpower would have greatly changed the India-China military balance. China’s airpower was, or believed to have been, far superior to India’s, with a 3:1 asymmetry in the total number of planes, and 5:1 in fighters. Offensive airpower would have invited bombing of Indian cities, with high civilian casualties. Besides, no amount of airpower could have helped Indian soldiers overcome their fun-

their movement to enter Lebanon. Along with King Khaled bin Abdulaziz, this summit included the participation of President Anwar Sadat, Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad, President Hafiz Assad, President Elias Sharkis and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat — all figures who have departed from this world. Of course, we should not forget King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz, who was then crown prince and who played an active role before and after the summit in support of King Khaled. After the Iranian revolution, Saudi Arabia and Syria engaged in the Taif agreement in 1989, an agreement that brought to an end the civil war. The requirement to reach that agreement was the disarming of the war militias, with the exception of Hezbollah’s weapons.—Courtesy - Arab News.


ghan Local Police, which was established in August 2010 by a presidential decree. E are reminded by the More than 16,000 Afghan Local commander of the Spe Police officers, operating under the aucial Operations unit with thority of Afghanistan’s Interior Minwhom we are living not to istry, are the first line of protection for broadcast names or faces of Afghan the Afghan people. Deployed in 137 security force personnel. The local disrural village stability operations trict governor is speaking through an interpreter. He Ask troops not to leave as you left Iraq throughout the country, ALP detachments, mentored by 60 Spedoesn’t pull any punches: “You cial Operations teams from 23 nations, must not abandon us again. You helped personnel will remain to advise, train are proving to be the most cost-effecus expel the Soviets — then left us to and assist” their police and military to tive measure yet taken in denying the the Taliban and al Qaeda. Look what ensure stability. Everyone knows that Taliban safe haven and transit. happened to you. will depend on decisions made in WashCandidates for the ALP program When you came back, we put our ington and Kabul. Therein is the greatare selected by their local village and lives and our families at risk because est source of angst for all who have district leaders. After being vetted for you told us you would help us rebuild sacrificed so much blood and treasure reliability and commitment — and our country. But now you are leaving in the shadows of the Hindu Kush. trained for 21 days by U.S., coalition before the job is done. We have enThe precipitous withdrawal of U.S. and Afghan professionals in how to emies to our east and west. They are troops from Iraq raises questions about “move, shoot, communicate and reyour enemies as well. But your dead- whether a second Obama administraspect the civil rights of their neighbors” line means we are dead.” It’s a familiar tion would vigorously pursue a status— they become full-fledged refrain throughout this trip to members of their “hometown Afghanistan. Over the past two civil defense force.” o-called weeks, we have heard similar “green on blue,” or “insider” messages from Afghan officials attacks in which Afghans and police chiefs in Kandahar, wearing military or police uniKabul, Helmand, Zabul and forms have turned their guns Wardak provinces. At every loon their U.S. or NATO mencation, the story is basically the tors have captured the attensame: “The Americans left Iraq. tion of the mainstream media. Now they are leaving AfghaniJust three such events have stan.” occurred in two years of the For people here, evidence of ALP program. Intelligence rethe just-completed drawdown is ports indicate that Taliban ubiquitous. When the “fighting commanders are offering season” began in spring, more “bounties” for targeting ALP than 100,000 U.S. military personofficers. On Oct. 2, while we were emnel were deployed on bases around the of-forces agreement with Kabul. Abbedded with a U.S. Navy SEAL team, country. The withdrawal of 33,000 U.S. sent such an accord, it is highly untwo ALP officers were wounded by an surge troops — leaving fewer than likely that American military personnel improvised explosive device one of 68,000 American soldiers, sailors, airmen and Marines on the ground — “If you leave here like you left Iraq, I am a dead man,” means scores of those outposts are manned by Afghan forces or simply says the blunt-speaking district governor. His district chief of abandoned. But it’s the Obama police, a newly appointed civil judge and the chief of the administration’s well-publicized “exit strategy” that causes the greatest ap- Afghan Local Police detachment all nod their heads in asprehension among Afghan officials and sent. None of them is smiling. civilians. This week at a conference in them seriously enough to be evacuBrussels, NATO leaders reaffirmed the will remain here long enough to help ated. After the helicopter took off, a Obama plan to end all coalition combat their Afghan counterparts build the SEAL veteran of six tours said, “That operations next year and withdraw the capacity to protect the country from could have been me. But he wanted to U.S.-led International Security Assis- internal and external threats. Unfortuwalk point to protect me. He’s a brave tance Force in 2014. nately, this uncertainty comes at a time man. Hope he comes back soon.” RealIn neighboring Pakistan and Iran, when Afghan National Security Forces izing the hope that a brave ALP officer anti-American propaganda mills and are experiencing an extraordinary imwill return to the fight may well depend radical Islamists are exploiting the anxi- provement in capability, competence on American credibility. If he fears we ety about the future. Taliban, al Qaeda and skill. won’t keep our commitments, he won’t and Haqqani network “information minNo organization here typifies this fight. —Courtesy - Washington Times. istries” routinely churn out claims that change better than the ALP — the Af-


they are “driving out the infidel occupiers” while issuing threats to kill the “puppets who cooperate with them.” Here on the ground, U.S. and allied commanders express hopes that after coalition combat troops complete the handover of security to the Afghan government, “a sufficient number of our

Time for reconciliation damental disadvantages. They were under-pre- cated the posts which they could have contin- returning them! pared for mountain battle — ill-clad and ill-shod, ued to occupy. They didn’t take prisoners of This doesn’t argue that the Chinese are anpoorly armed, and for the most part, poorly led. war although they could have easily done so. gels, but only that the primary purpose of their It’s only in Chushul in Ladakh and 1962 operation was to repulse Similar views were expressed in the past by mili- India’s ill-conceived “forward in Walong in the Northeast that Indian units put up resistance. ButIndia’s great tary leaders including Lt-Gen B.M. Kaul, the 1962 policy,” of evicting them from dishope, the 12,000-strong 4th Division, disputed areas without seriously neintegrated under attack. Gen. Kaul igno- army commander in today’s Arunachal Pradesh. The gotiating the border issue. Many miniously fled the field. Within days, vic- assumption is that the asymmetry between the Indian Indians deluded themselves that tory in hand, China declared a unilateral they could inflict a military defeat ceasefire. It’s hard to see how the IAF, and Chinese air forces was small, and IAF deployment on China. Gen. Kaul declared that which didn’t then have a command/base would have reduced the overwhelming superiority of “a few rounds fired at the Chinese close to Arunachal Pradesh, could have would cause them to run away.” altered the overall strategic balance and China’s land forces. The then home minister Lal the war’s outcome. It was later revealed Bahadur Shastri threatened to that with mounting Sino-Soviet tensions, the They could have marched all the way to Kolkata, evict the Chinese just as easily as India had USSR refused to supply spares for Chinese but stopped well short of the border. The Chithrown Portugal out of Goa. warplanes, thus grounding most of them. But nese treated captured Indian officers courteAs India’s rout became imminent, Jawaharlal this wasn’t known in 1962 to Indian leaders, ously and flew down some of the unfit ones to Nehru panicked and begged the US for military who depended primarily on the CIA for intelli- the border. Chinese soldiers even oiled and pol- help — in the fight for “the survival of freedom gence. At any rate, the Chinese voluntarily vaished firearms seized from Indian troops before and independence in this sub-continent and …

Asia.” He wrote two desperate letters to President Kennedy on November 19, which were suppressed in India, and remained classified in the US until recently. The letters testify to Nehru’s abysmally low morale. Confirming the IAF’s weakness, Nehru wrote that India couldn’t use the IAF because “in the present state of our air and radar equipment we have no defence against retaliatory action…” To attack China, Nehru wanted “two squadrons” of B-47 bombers, for which Indian pilots and technicians would be trained in the US. Arms poured in from the US, Britain and Israel. US ambassador JK Galbraith also recommended that “elements of the Seventh Fleet be sent into the Bay of Bengal.” Aircraft carrier Enterprise duly arrived. This manoeuvre was repeated during the Bangladesh war, when it was seen as menacing. As the Indian National Congress recognised in the 1930s, British policy was more about “holding Indiain subjection than … rotecting her borders,” and “India as a self-governing country can have nothing to fear from her neighbouring states...” However, independent India’s rulers—Courtesy - Daily Star

New religious alliance in making From Page 1 e-Islami, JUI(S), Jamaat-e-Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat, Pakistan Muslim League(Awami), Muslim League (Zia)JUI(Nazriyati) and other smaller religious and political parties. Sources aware of the emerging alliance said once the new six parties alliance was formed, it would enter into negotiations with PTI for seat adjustments in the next elections. The alliance is expected to take a formal shape after Eidul Azha. —INP

PPP leaders come hard on Sindh nationalists From Page 1

have roots in all the province‚ Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan. He said we gave jobs to lakhs of people and reinstated a number of employees terminated by previous governments. He said PPP under the leadership of President Asif Ali Zardari strengthened the federation by giving provincial autonomy. He said the government has restored the 1973 constitution in its original shape. He said the PPP government has give a big Benazir Income From Page 1 Support Programme for financial setting a four-hour limit for help of the poor segment of the tarmac delays on international society. He said we are democflights. racy loving people and want no The Department of Trans- other system. Sindh Chief Minportation (DOT) said PIA flight 711, traveling from England’s Manchester Airport to New York’s JFK Airport, was scheduled to arrive at JFK on October 29, 2011, but diverted to Washington Dulles Airport due Zardari’s secretary, Malik Asif to interruptions in JFK’s Instru- Hayat appeared before the ment Landing System equip- bench. Hayat said the case was old and a response would be ment. After landing at Dulles, the filed over it as soon as the plane remained on the tarmac records were recovered. Justice Jawwad S Khawaja for four hours and forty-seven minutes. Although the captain inquired from the president’s and first officer were able to secretary as to whether a politisafely deplane the aircraft by air cal cell was currently operating stairs in order to conduct exter- in the President House. To this Hayat said to the best nal safety inspections of the aircraft, airline officials believed of his knowledge there is no that deplaning passengers by air political cell in the President stairs may have been unsuitable House now. In the past President due to the inclement weather, House was in Rawalpindi also as well as the number of pas- and something about the existsengers requiring wheelchairs ence of such cell in the past and the number of small chil- could only be said after checking the records. Former bureaudren on board.—INP

US fines PIA

ister Syed Qaim Ali Shai in his speech said Sindh Peoples Local Government Ordinance will help resolve the problems of the people. He said PPP served the poor and Haris. He said nationalists have no programme for the welfare of the poor. He said Nawaz Sharif returned from Sindh disappointed as he failed to gather support in the province. Minister for Information and Broadcasting Qamar Zamar Kaira said winning of by-elections and winning elections in Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan is demonstrative that the PPP has adopted right policies which have the support of the people. He said no power can

separate PPP from public. He said we are running the government successfully with one hundred and twenty-seven members in the National Assembly. He highlighted achievefments of the government during the last four and a half years. He said we gave provincial autonomy. He said it will strengthen Pakistan. He said we gave NFC Award and restore 1973 constitution in its original shape. He said when we took over‚ there was shortage of wheat and due to government’s prudent policies‚ now the country has surplus thirty lakh tons of wheat. He said the government is committed to root out terrorism from the country. —NNI

Ex-ISI chief’s funds disbursement From Page 1 crat Roedad Khan submitted his written response before the bench. Roedad Khan, in his response, asked why his name was being dragged into an old case, adding that he had no idea whether or not a political cell was operating in the President House. The former bureaucrat further said that he was ready to go to Adiyala prison if it was proven that he was aware of any political activity in the President House. Justice Khawaja said it is yet to be determined what relation the political cell had with the President House and the facts about it would be beneficial for the country. “A political cell was

SP among 6 cops killed From Page 1 more than three hours. The bodies and wounded police officials were shifted to Lady Reading Hospital (LRH) Peshawar where condition of the two injured cops stated to be critical. Heavy contingent of police and FC reached the scene after the attack and started search operation. Later the funeral prayer of all the security men was offered in police lines on Monday morning. Chief Minister Amir Haider Khan Hoti and senior police officials also attended the prayer. Meanwhile, Interior Minister Rehman Malik announced Sitara-e-Shujaat for martyred SP Khursheed Khan. Talking to media persons Rehman Malik strongly condemned militants attack on police check post and sought report about the incident from IG Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. He also praised the courage of FC and police officials who offered resistance during militants attack. The minister said the conspiracy to attack Malala Yousufzai was hatched by militant groups operating at Pak-Afghan border. He also ruled out any possibility of military operation in North Waziristan agency. “For the time being there is no plan for military operation in North Waziristan. But if needed, the decision would be taken by political and military leadership of the country in harmony,” he said.

set up in ISI and we are looking for its root,” he said. Roedad Khan told the court that Durrani’s statements were not based on facts, adding that, he (Roedad) had never met Aslam Beg. Durrani told the bench that Ghulam Ishaq Khan had ordered the distribution in the greater national interest. To this, the chief justice asked as to what was meant by the term “national interest”, adding that, the idea of national interest must not be abused. He further remarked as to how could the manipulation of an election to enFrom Page 1 sure the defeat of a certain political party be in the greater na- care for the young peace tional interest. —INP activist in England. Malala was accompanied by an intensive care specialist of the Army on her flight. All expenses including Malala’s transportation and treatment abroad will be borne by the government of Pakistan. The arrangements were made after a panel of doctors recommended that Malala be shifted abroad to a UK-based medical centre which has the capability to provide integrated care to children who have sustained severe injury. According to ISPR spokesperson, the medical team treating Malala had been reviewing her progress at regular intervals and had been consulting with international experts. He said the acute phase was managed in accordance with international standards and the medical team is pleased with her present condition, which has been described as optimal. It is expected that in due course of time she will need repair/replacement of damaged bones of the skull and long term rehabilitation including intensive neuro-rehabilitation. Malala’s family was consulted and their wishes were also taken into consideration.

Malala arrives in UK for treatment

COURT NOTICE In the Court of Syed Imam Ali Shah, Judge Banking Court No-II Gujranwala Suit No.581/2012 ABL Branch Zia Plaza Gujranwala —Plaintiff Versus M/S Asim Filling Station etc —Defendant Summons U/S 9 (5) of the Financial Institutions (Recovery of Finances) Ordinance; 2001 (Ordinance No.XLVI of 2001) Summons to: (1) M/S Asim Filling Station Eminabad Sialkot Road Noinkeg Tehsil & Distt, Gujranwala through its Prop, Mr. Asim Mehmood (2) Mr. Asim Mehmood (3) Mr. Muhammad Shafqat (4) Mr. Azmat Ali (5) Mr. Muhammad Nasir (6) Mr. Muhammad Tariq Sons of Abdul Latif Caste Hanjra R/ O Noinkey Tehsil Distt, Gujranwala. WHEREAS the aforesaid plaintiff has instituted a suit against you and other for the recovery of Rs=499,625/30along with mark up/interest and cost etc, claimed to be payable by you A Summons u/s 9(5) Ordinance XIVI of 2001 referred to above is hereby issued requiring you to make within 30 days of the service of the Summon, an application for leave to defend the suit in the form of written statement U/S 10 of the said ordinance. Take notice that on your failure to file such application within time specified above, the Banking Court shall pass a decree as prayed for in the plaint, in the favour of the plaintiff Banking Company. Next date for further proceedings, in the case has been fixed on 23.11.2012. Given under my hand and the seal of the court, this 15.10.2012 Seal of the Court Banking Court II Gujranwala

Obama is now anti-India W ASHINGTON —Citing US President Barack Obama’s stance on outsourcing of jobs to India and work visas for IT firms, a leading Indian American Republican has said that Mitt Romney, not the incumbent, is the best bet for strong and enduring Indo-US relations. Dr Sampat Shivangi, who was one of the three Indian American delegates to the Republican National Convention and a major fund raiser in Mississippi state, said the Democrats’ India-friendly image is but just a myth. Shivangi, the President of Indian American Forum for Political Education (IAFPE), said that with Obama openly and unhesitatingly criticising outsourcing to India, the future of ties between the two nations will be in safe hands only if a Republican occupies the White House. He claimed that though majority of Indian-Americans do

support the Democratic Party and Obama in particular, the trend was changing among second and third generation Indians. “They no longer carry the Socialist and Nehruvian baggage from India like some of us in the age group of 60 to 70 do. “President Obama is very critical of outsourcing jobs to India and work visa from India for IT companies are being gradually dispensed with. It’s only a myth that Democrats are India-friendly,” said Shivangi. “President Obama’s tirade against India on outsourcing has really changed his image in majority of the Indian-Americans. His television advertisements day in day out have taken warpath to disgrace India as the problem for joblessness in US which is untrue,” Shivangi said. Shivangi helped raise $1.7 million for Republican contender Romney in Mississippi, the highest collected in the State

so far topping $1.2 million collected for the then President George Bush, again with the help of Shivangi. “President Obama is increasingly becoming anti-India,” says Shivangi who has attended Republican conventions as a delegate for 12 years in a row, a record of sorts especially for any Asian-American. He pointed out that Romney had publicly declared at the Republican National Convention last month that India is the strategic ally of the US, indicating the importance Republicans attach to India. “It was President George Bush who initiated Indo-US civil nuclear deal and pushed hard for it in the Congress. Democrats like Hillary Clinton hesitated till the last minute even to support the Bill in the Congress,” he said. He pointed out that Romney had promised to bring out a White Paper on India soon.—INP

NWA operation can delay elections From Page 1 of straightening guns towards Taliban in the NWA, Pakistan government should hold dialogues with them to persuade them to give up militancy just like the United States officials who are also holding talks with Al-Qaeda and Taliban in Afghanistan for the past few months to find a way out of this bloody war, said sources. If the United States can hold dialogues with the militants, Pakistan government can also follow this path to save the country from bloodshed and anarchy, they said. Sources further claimed that after the imposition of emergency, President Asif Ali Zardari can get a good chance to get himself re-elected as President for the second term from the same assemblies that would prove another shield for him against the opening of pending cases against him in the Switzerland. Sources also strongly criticized the statement of MQM chief Altaf Hussain in which he supported the army operation in NWA and said that his party was ready to offer MQM men for crusade against militants during operation. They said that the political leaders must understand the fact that the NWA operation would further undermine the stability,

harmony and it would lead to an unforeseen anarchy and bloodshed in the country. Pakistani’s constitution has provision for imposing emergency The Article 232 Clause 6 of the Constitutions explains _ Proclamation of emergency on account of war, internal disturbance, etc. (1) If the President is satisfied that a grave emergency exists in which the security of Pakistan, or any part thereof, is threatened by war or external aggression, or by internal disturbance beyond the power of a Provincial Government to control, he may issue a Proclamation of Emergency Provided that for imposition of emergency due to internal disturbances beyond the powers of a Provincial Government to control, a Resolution from the Provincial Assembly of that Province shall be required: Provided further that if the President acts on his own, the Proclamation of Emergency shall be placed before both Houses of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) for approval by each House within ten days. (2) Notwithstanding anything in the Constitution, while a Proclamation of Emergency is in force, (a) Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) shall have power to make laws for a Province, or any part thereof, with respect to any mat-

ter not enumerated in the Federal Legislative List or the Concurrent Legislative List; (b) the executive authority of the Federation shall extend to the giving of directions to a Province; as to the manner in which the executive authority of the Province is to be exercised, and (c) the Federal Government may by Order assume to itself, or direct the Governor of a Province to assume on behalf of the Federal Government, all or any of the functions of the Government of the Province, and all or any of the powers vested in, or exercisable by, any body or authority in the Province other than the Provincial Assembly, and make such incidental and consequential provisions as appear to the Federal Government to be necessary or desirable for giving effect to the objects of the Proclamation, including provisions for suspending, in whole or in part, the operation of any provisions of the Constitution relating to any body or authority in the province: Provided that nothing in paragraph (c) shall authorize the Federal Government to assume to itself, or direct the Governor of the Province to assume on its behalf, any of the powers vested in or exercisable by a High Court, or to suspend either in whole or in part the operation of any provisions of the Constitution relating to High Courts.

Raja in Kuwait to attend ACD summit From Page 1 vide an important opportunity to interact with Kuwaiti leadership and discuss ways to further strengthen political‚ cultural‚ economic‚ business and trade relations. Talking to the media persons before departure at Chaklala airbase, the Prime Minister said that Asian Cooperation Dialogue formed in 2002 is an important

IHC seeks Chairman Pemra’s report STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The Islamabad High Court (IHC) on Monday sought report from Chairman Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (Pemra) by October 19 as to what action has been taken so far against the people who were allegedly trying to defame the judiciary. “Judges are unable to defend themselves at public forums as they are bound to explain their position in the Supreme Judicial Council,” Justice Shaukat Aziz remarked while hearing a plea seeking direction to media that they must not broadcast any interview or press conference that may contain defamatory material or statement against any member of the superior judiciary. During the course of hearing, Secretary, Ministry of Information, Chaudhry Rasheed Ahmed and Chairman Pemra Dr Abdul Jabbar appeared before the bench “Under which authority would Pemra take action against TV channels, if any defamatory content was aired against any institution or person,” he questioned.

platform providing opportunity for regional partnership and cooperation in different spheres. He said it is the first heads of government level Summit in Kuwait in which cooperation in different sectors including energy, infrastructure and environment will be discussed. He said thirty one member countries will

attend the Summit and on the sidelines of it, he will hold talks with the leaders of those countries on bilateral relations and matters of mutual interests. He said the entire world including people belonging to every religion and sect has condemned the terror attack on Malala Yousafzai.—INP

Dual Nationality Bill

Senate body to consult parliamentarians

Liaquat Ali Khan death anniversary today

LAHORE—Death anniversary of first prime minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan will be observed today (Tuesday). Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan was born on October 1, 1896 in Karnal, India. He graduated from Anglo Oriental College in 1918. He refused to join Indian Civil Service and left for England for higher education. He returned to country in 1923 after completing his studies. Soon after his return, he decided to join politics. He joined the Pakistan Muslim League despite the fact that he was invited by Congress.—INP

25 labourers kidnapped

BANNU—Some unidentified miscreants on Monday kidnapped 25 labourers from Mandan gate area in Bannu. According to sources, some unknown people offered the labourers to work on daily wages of Rs1,000 per day which they accepted and they accompanied the unknown people for working. The labourers were later kidnapped by the unknown people on gunpoint. The government has confirmed the kidnapping of 25 labourers.—INP

Malik allowed Kuwait visit


minister Rehman Malik to proceed to Kuwait on visit. A two member bench of SC headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry took up hearing of the case of contempt of court against interior minister Rehman Malik. At the inception of hearing Rehman Malik appeared in the court and told he was to move abroad on two days visit. If court directs he can wait for this case, he added.—Online

Imran returns from Turkey LAHORE—Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf Chairman Imran Khan has returned back to home after a three-day visit to Turkey on the special invitation of Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. During his stay in Turkey the PTI Chairman held in depth meetings with the Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan and discussed bilateral issues.—Online

H.E. Mr. Bharat Raj Paudyal, Ambassador of Nepal called on Mr. Zahid Malik, Editor-in-Chief, Pakistan Observer on Monday and discussed matters of mutual interest. —PO photo by Sultan Bashir

Partial shutter-down strike in Sindh K ARACHI —Partial shutter

down strike against People’s Local Government Act-2012 was observed in Sindh on the call of nationalists on Monday. Shops were closed in some of the towns of the province including Tando Muhammad Khan, Jamshoro, Matiari and Hala while traffic on the roads remained thin. Examination papers of MA, MBA, BSc scheduled for Monday were postponed in Matiari. The Government arrested over 70 workers of anti-PPP parties.—NNI

Shahbaz takes notice of torture on bakery employee STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Punjab Chief Min-

ister, Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has taken notice of the torture on a bakery employee in Defence. He said that this incident took place on October 07 during his visit abroad and brought to his notice this morning. On the orders of Chief Minister Punjab, two police officials involved in this incident have been arrested immediately after registration of a case at a local police station. The police officials are accused of torturing an employee of bakery for not opening the bakery in Defence.

RPP accused placed on ECL ISLAMABAD—Interior Ministry

on Monday placed all 32 accused in Rental Power Project (RPP) scam on Exit Control List (ECL) with immediate effect. According to well-placed sources, the Ministry has moved as per the recommendations of the National Accountability Bureau (NAB). NAB is currently investigating RPP scam. The sources said that NAB summoned and interrogated five out of the accused at NAB Headquarters on Monday.—Online

Arsalan Iftikhar case

Suddle submits interim report to SC STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The Shoaib

Saddle Commission submitted an interim report to the court pertaining to the Arsenal Iftikhar case and requested for an additional 30 days here on Monday. The Supreme Court issued notices to Dr Arsalan Iftikhar and his counsel to appear on Tuesday after counsel for Malik Riaz, a property tycoon, refused to appear before one-man commission mandated by the Court to probe alleged millions monetary gains by Arsalan Iftikhar. A two-Judge bench comprising Justice Jawwad S. Khawaja and Justice Khilji Arif Hussain issued notices after Zahid Bukhari, counsel for Malik Riaz, contended that they would not appear before the apex Court mandated one-man commission of Dr

Shoaib Suddle till disposal of their review petition by the bench. The bench deferred further proceedings till Tuesday after issuance of notices. Earlier, the Supreme Court (SC) had replaced a National Accountability Bureau (NAB) team investigating the Arsalan Iftikhar case and appointed Shoaib Suddle as the oneman commission to investigate the case.Suddle was appointed as the one-man commission by the apex court after granting a review appeal filed by Arsalan Iftikhar, son of Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry. The granting of the appeal overturned the SC’s own earlier ruling. This was followed by another appeal filed by Malik Riaz who was also embroiled in a legal battle with Arsalan Iftikhar, accusing each other of financial wrongdoing. Riaz requested a review of a

ruling, which had already come under review on a petition earlier moved by his adversary, Arsalan Iftikhar. Riaz’s petition contended that the court could also not delegate its power to the commission, which performed only ministerial function, the extent and scope of which was limited, narrow and clearly defined in the Supreme Court Rules. The court had appointed the commission without finding any illegality in its earlier order of giving direction to the attorney general. Instead the court decided to change the investigation and appoint an investigator on a review petition, which amounted to changing the law of review, the petition said.The apex court rejected the plea to stop the RiazArsalan case probe and maintained that Shoaib Suddle will continue to investigate the case.

9/11 mastermind Hina for strengthening intra-regional economic coop G back in court BAKU—Foreign Minister Hina meet the hopes and aspirations of Rabbani Khar arrived in Baku, Azerbaijan to attend the 20th ECO Council Of Ministers meeting. The Council of Ministers will review the implementation of passed decisions and consider new initiatives such as Pakistan’s proposal for the establishment of the ECO Parliamentary Association and the operationalization of the ECO Trade Agreement (ECOTA) by 1st January 2013. The Council will also approve the agenda and the Baku Declaration of the 12th ECO Summit scheduled to take place tomorrow 16th October 2012 in Baku. In her statement to the Council of Ministers, Foreign Minister Khar stressed on the need to strengthen intra-regional economic cooperation primarily in the important areas of commerce and trade, infrastructure connectivity and energy. She emphasized that this was essential for the Organization to

the people of the region. She emphasized the need to develop synergies between ECO specialized agencies and institutions including the ECO Development Bank in order to realize the full potential of the Organization. She further said that the ECO Trade Agreement and the Transit Transport Framework Agreement should be translated into effective vehicles for regional economic integration. Infact, as ECOTA progresses, ECO will become more and more relevant. She added that, with the establishment of the ECO Parliamentary Association, the Organization would acquire public ownership. On the sidelines of the meeting of the Council of Foreign Ministers, Foreign Minister Khar held bilateral meetings with the Foreign Ministers of Afghanistan Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkey. —NNI

UANTANAMO—Hearings for the self-proclaimed September 11 mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammad and his co-defendants got under way on Monday at Guantanamo Bay ahead of their trial. It was a second appearance for him at the special tribunal known as military commissions on the US naval base. Mohammad and four alleged co-plotters face the death penalty if convicted for the attacks on the United States 11 years ago that left 2,976 people dead. With prosecutors refusing to reveal information deemed classified and holding parts of the debates behind closed doors, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) rights group and 14 media groups have urged complete transparency.At issue are the torture and abuse the five men said they suffered at the hands of US authorities.—AP

ISLAMABAD—Senate Standing Committee on Law and Justice has deferred consideration of bill about dual nationality of arliamentarians and decided to consult leader of the opposition and other political parties in the Parliament. Meeting of the committee was held here on Monday under the chairmanship of Senator Kazim Khan which was attended by Federal Law Minister Farooq H Naek and members of the committee. The committee reviewed the bill presented by Law Minister about allowing dual nationality holders to contest the elections. Talking part in the discussions, PML-N’s Senator Raja Zafarul Haq said, the bill about dual nationality is an important matter and will give birth to new disputes and a decision will have to be taken in the light of the 1973 constitution. He said under the constitution, dual nationality holder cannot become President, Prime Minister, Minister and member of the Parliament. He suggested that the government should not show any haste and hold consultations with the opposition and instead of creating division among the people, a middle way be found. He said the PML-N supports right to vote for overseas Pakistanis. Senator Kalsoom

Parveen said they would oppose the bill that has been introduced to provide protection to few people. She said it was not correct to amend the constitution for the sake of some people close to the high ups. Saifullah Magsi opposed the bill in its present form and demanded ban on dual nationality holders in the Armed forces, judiciary and bureaucrats. He however, argued that overseas Pakistanis be given the right of vote. Senator Farogh Naseem said the loyalty of overseas Pakistanis cannot be doubted. There are seven to eight million overseas Pakistanis who are

LAHORE—Ameer Jamaat-eIslami Syed Munawar Hasan has said that a positive change in the country required to oust feudal lords, vaderas and capitalists who were loyal to the West, from the corridors of power. . Addressing the concluding session of a four day JI central workshop at Mansoora on Monday, he said that change did not mean replacement of the PPP by some other party which maintained the present corrupt sys-

tem. He said that feudal lords and capitalists had kept their hold on the country’s politics which had now become hereditary under the garb of democracy. He said that if the same story was repeated in the next elections, it would be a great misfortune. Stressing that change was possible only through the ballot, the JI Amer urged the JI workers and leaders to carry out the JI manifesto to every door and convince the electorate that if

playing an important role in the development of the country and they cannot be denied the right to vote. In addition Pakistani citizens Act allows dual nationality. PPP’s Senator Ahmad Hasan said the overseas Pakistanis are patriotic and the issue needs to be resolved by taking opposition into confidence. Senator Syed Zafar Ali Shah said that amendments in the constitution would not be allowed just to provide protection to a few. At this the Law Minister said there should be a process of consultation on dual nationality which is real democracy. —INP

Popular change needs ouster of feudals, capitalists: JI they voted corrupt politicians, it would further inrease the corruption, price spiral and lawlessness. The JI Ameer said that the issue of the blasphemy of the Holy Prophet would not be allowed to die out. He said that in fact, having been defeated in Afghanistan, the US and the entire west had resorted to such dirty tactics to give went to its venom. However, he said that the conduct of the Muslim rulers on the issue had been disappointing.—SANA

2nd Pak Marines Battalion induction historic milestone: Naval Chief M M ALAM

KARACHI—In a bid to further strengthen vital PN installations, the defence of Karachi Port and Port Bin Qasim and to enhance the ground based air defence set up, a significant milestone has been achieved in the history of Pakistan Navy by commissioning of “2nd Pak Marines Battalion”, and induction of radar controlled guns and low level air defence radar. The induction and commissioning ceremony was held at Pak Marines Headquarters, PNS Qasim. Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Muhammad Asif Sandila was the chief guest on the occasion.Congratulating the officers and sailors of 2nd Marines and

21st Air Defence Battalions, the Naval Chief said that these sophisticated radars and guns have proved their worth in the recently conducted exercise Seaspark – 12 and their performance has lived up to our expectations. He reiterated that defence of our motherland is a responsibility shared by all of us and a sacred undertaking that comes second to none. Where our perseverance and resilience remains to be the driving force behind our commitment to the protection of our frontiers, requisite wherewithal for undertaking this daunting challenge remains a vital ingredient as well.Underlining the need to ensure protection of vital assets and areas, the Naval Chief urged upon officers and men of this indepen-

dent Marines Battalion to stand fast and thwart aggression with zeal and courage. He emphasized all to continue with hard work, dedication and steadfastness so as to bring good name to the service. Earlier, Commander Coastal Command briefed that 2nd Marines Battalion will be entrusted with the responsibility of safeguarding vital PN installations, infrastructure, and seaward security of Karachi Port and Port Bin Qasim. He added that Pak Marines, since their inception in 1990, have come a long way and apart from safeguarding external threats have proven their mettle through active participation and internal security, floods and cyclone relief operations.

Cambodia’s former King Norodom Sihanouk dies at 89 P HNOM P ENH —He was of 18, Sihanouk saw his South- Rouge killing field to what it re- their prisoner and lost five of his many things to the Cambodia he helped navigate through half a century of war and genocide — revered independence hero, ruthless monarch and prime minister, communist collaborator, eccentric playboy, avid filmmaker. Most of all, perhaps, Cambodia’s former King Norodom Sihanouk was a cunning political survivor who reinvented himself repeatedly throughout his often flamboyant life. On Monday, aged 89, Sihanouk died of a heart attack in Beijing, where he had been receiving medical treatment since January for a variety of ailments. First crowned king by the French in 1941 at the age

east Asian nation transformed from colony to kingdom, from U.S.-backed regime to U.S. bombing zone, from Khmer

mains today — a fragile experiment in democracy. He ruled as a feudal-style absolute monarch, but called himself a democrat. He was a man who sang love songs at elaborate state dinners, brought his French poodle to peace talks, and charmed foreign dignitaries such as Jacqueline Kennedy. He also painted, fielded a palace soccer team, composed music and led his own jazz band. His appetite extended to fast cars, food and women. He married at least five times — some say six — and fathered 14 children. When the murderous Khmer Rouge seized power in the 1970s, he was reviled as their collaborator. Yet he himself ended up as

children to the regime. Later, in the 1990s — after a U.N.brokered deal to end Cambodia’s long civil war — he recast himself as a peacemaker and constitutional monarch.In the twilight of his life, Sihanouk suffered colon cancer, diabetes and hypertension. Prince Sisowath Thomico, a royal family member who also was Sihanouk’s assistant and nephew, said the former king passed away before dawn Monday.“His death was a great loss to Cambodia,” Thomico said, adding that Sihanouk had dedicated his life “for the sake of his entire nation, country and for the Cambodian people.”—AP

KARACHI: A view of the commissioning ceremony of second Marines Battalion and induction of PN Air Defence Assets.

Can a few cherries a day keep gout away?


HERRIES may no longer be just for topping off ice-cream sundaes - a U.S. study of people with gout linked eating the fruit with a 35 percent to 75 percent lower risk of having an attack. Doctors have reported that some patients recommend cherries to prevent gout attacks, but the connection has only been studied a few times before, said lead researcher Yuqing Zhang, a professor at the Boston University School of Medicine.“These findings suggest that cherry intake is associated with a lower risk of gout attacks,” Zhang and colleagues wrote in the journal Arthritis & Rheumatism.But Zhang warned that the study does not prove that cherries alone prevent gout attacks, and that patients should stick with their present gout medications.“They can go out and eat the cherries, but they shouldn’t abandon their medical treatment at all,” Zhang added. Gout arises with uric acid crystals build up in the joints. The body produces uric acid when it breaks down purines - substances found naturally in the body but also in certain foods, like organ meats, anchovies, mushrooms and some seafoods. For the study, Zhang and his colleagues recruited patients over the Internet to take online surveys about their attacks. All the 633 participants had had a gout attack in the last 12 months, had been diagnosed with gout by a doctor, lived in the United States and were at least 18 years old. They also had to release their medical

records to the researchers.For the next year, the patients filled out surveys every time they had an attack. The survey asked about symptoms, the drugs used in treatment and about certain risk factors, including what they had eaten. The patients also took similar surveys at the beginning of the study, and every three months when it was underway. Of the 633 patients, 224 said they had eaten fresh cherries during the year, 15 said they had consumed cherry extract and 33 had both.During the year, the researchers collected information on 1,247 gout attacks, which works out to about two per patient. Overall, the researchers found that eating cherries over a given two-day period was linked to a 35 percent decrease in the risk of having a gout attack during that period, compared to not eating cherries.Consuming cherry extract was tied to a 45 percent risk reduction, and eating both fresh cherries and extract was tied to a 37 percent lower risk.The biggest reduction, though, came with eating fresh cherries while taking the anti-gout medication allpurinol (Lopurin, Zyloprim.) That combination was linked to a 75 percent reduction in risk. Researchers say there are a few possible reasons. One is that vitamin C, which is found in cherries, can influence the amount of uric acid in a person’s blood, according to Allan Gelber, who co-wrote an editorial accompanying the study.

ISLAMABAD: Models looking at the dresses displayed during an exhibition of Sana Safinaz Silk Collection organized by Melange Boutique at a local hotel.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir

Awareness about specialized subjects more important: Justice Khilj STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Judge Supreme Court of Pakistan, Justice Khilji Arif Hussain has opined that awareness about the specialized subjects such as Intellectual property Rights laws become more important for all of us including the judges. He expressed these views in the inaugural ceremony of one - week training course entitled “ Case and Court Management and Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights ( IPRS) Laws in Pakistan” for Civil Judges hailing from all over Pakistan including Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan here at the Federal Judicial Academy (FJA), Islamabad, on Monday. Defining the term Intellectual Property, Judge of the Apex Court said, “ Intellectual Property is divided into two categories. These include: Industrial property and Copy

Right. Industrial Property includes inventions -patents-, trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic indications of source; and Copyright, which includes literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works. Rights related to copyright include those of performing artists in their performances. Appreciating the content of the course, he said,” I really appreciate it, especially, the subjects such as ADR, case and court management”. He also illuminated the young judicial officers about the hazards of piracy and its effects on the local economy of any country. About management of court and cases, he said, “ As for as the management of cases and that the court is concerned for the Civil Judges, they must know the cases which come before them, before giving full control to the

Pak Professor wins ISESCO prize ISLAMABAD —Investment in & Technology Laureates”. higher education in Pakistan continues to reap dividends. The Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ISESCO has decided to award “ISESCO Prize in Science and Technology 2012” to Pakistani academician, Prof. Dr Tasawar Hayat. This award is being awarded in recognition of his outstanding contributions in the field of mathematics. His name has also been included in the list of “ISESCO Science

The ISESCO prize would be consisted of an award of US$ 5,000 and a certificate on which major contributions of the prize winner are mentioned. The prize would be presented at a special ceremony during the 6th Session of the Islamic Conference of ministers of higher education and scientific research scheduled to be held on 20-21st November 2012 in Khartoum, Sudan.—NNI

advocates or the litigants for unnecessary adjournments, it is up to the judges”. Regarding the concept of the Alternate Dispute Resolution Mechanisms, he opined, “ This concept of Alternate Dispute Resolution Mechanisms ( ADRMs) was not new in the religion of Islam”.

ISLAMABAD: A beautiful view of the clouds hovering over the sky after the first rain of the winter season in the capital on Monday.—PO photo

NWA operation not on the cards: Malik ISLAMABAD—Interior Minis-

ter Rehman Malik on Monday “categorically” dispelled any plans of launching a military offensive in North Waziristan Agency and that no such proposal was “under consideration at the moment.” He said that attack on Malala had no link with the military operation in North Waziristan, adding that Malala was receiving threats after winning the peace prize. Speaking to the media outside the Supreme Court of Pakistan, Malik said that whenever an operation is planned in North Waziristan, the military and civil leadership will take the decision together. “What matters the most is the opinion of the military commanders on ground. Without their opinion, no such operation will take place.” He added that if a decision in this regard is taken then it will be made public, saying that the “charm of democracy is that every decision that the government takes comes before the public.” “Hakimullah Mehsud should disclose whether he’s injured, ill or has escaped” he said. Responding to a question regarding exposing the militants behind an attack on child activist Malala Yousufzai, Malik said that it was already revealed that the conspiracy to attack her was hatched by the Taliban stationed at the Pak-Afghan border.—SANA

Cattle markets

DCO orders TMOs to set up camps to check Congo virus STAFF REPORTER RAWALPINDI—District Coordination Officer (DCO) Rawalpindi Saqib Zafar has directed Tehsil Municipal Officers (TMOs) and officials of Livestock and Health department to establish special camps at all eight cattle markets and other seven sale points of sacrificial animals for prevention of Congo virus. He said all possible precautionary measures in this regard should be taken before Oct 17. Solid steps for the treatment of animals suffering from any disease including Congo virus should also be taken so that the citizens could be protected from any threat. Besides all the sale points and cattle markets be sprayed, he added.

The staff of the departments concerned should be deployed and duty roasters must be sent to DCO office immediately, he said adding, this exercise should be continued without any break till Eid ul Azha. He issued these directives while presiding over a meeting held here in his office which was also attended by EDO Agriculture Ghulam Muhammad Gill, EDO MS Imtiaz Ahmed Malik, EDO Health Dr. Zafar Iqbal Gondal, DO Health Dr. Khalid Randhawa, DO Livestock Qurban Hussain, TMO Potohar Town Malik Mumtaz Raja, TMO Gujar Khan Malik Wajid Ali and other TMOs of all districts. DCO also directed the authorities concerned that

zero tolerance in this connection should be shown and the duties of the staff concerned should be checked strictly. He warned that no negligence would be tolerated in this regard and strict action in accordance with the law would be taken against the officials found involved in any sort of negligence. He further directed that special TMA squads in this regard be formed and deployed to check and prevent any sort of sale of sacrificial animals on the city roads. He said the violators of the orders should be dealt with iron hands and their animals should also be confiscated so that the spread of Congo virus could be controlled in the city and rural areas.

Illegal expansion of market irks residents R AWALPINDI —Illegal con- Market, established in struction has been on the rise in connivance with corrupt officials concerned in Tench Bhatta, once known as longest bazaar in Asia. The residents of the locality talking to INP complained that illegal expansion of shops in Meherban

1977, located in Abadi No.1, Tench Bhatta causing immense problems to them. They said that the construction would not only reduce the size of adjacent street but affect the flow of traffic there.

The dwellers of the area demanded station commander and chief executive officer Rawalpindi Cantonment Board to take notice of the situation and immediately stop illegal construction being done in Meherban Market.—INP

Kazmi takes over as CDA’s member Planning & Design ISLAMABAD—Syed Mustafain Kazmi has assumed the charge of Member Planning & Design in the Capital Development Authority (CDA). Syed Mustafain Kazmi is the senior most officer of the Capital Development Authority cadre who served as Joint Secretary in the Federal Government. Prior to this, Syed Mustafain Kazmi has served as Member Administration, Capital Development Authority and Joint Secretary in Ministry of Capital Administration and Development Division (CADD), Joint Secretary, Ministry of Labour and Manpower.—INP

March to educate public on disability issues SANA JAMAL ISLAMABAD—Holding

unusual white sticks in hands, young and elderly both walked down the streets of Islamabad on Monday morning to celebrate the ‘White Cane Safety Day,’ in order to raise awareness about the significance of the tool of empowerment for the visually impaired, the white cane. The typical elongated cylindrical stick is used by many people who are blind or visually impaired as a mobility tool and as a courtesy to others. “Using the white cane, I am able to move independently with the society. It helps me by letting others know that I am visually impaired but not in need of assistance” said Tohaid Ali Raza talking to Pakistan Observer. With the help of white cane, Tohaid, a visually impaired person, is able to travel all the way from

Abbottabad to Islamabad, where he works as a teacher, and back daily. “We want an inclusive society with parks, buildings, roads, transportation, education, housing, medical facilities for every person alike” demanded the participants. The day also focuses on laws that helps make the streets safer for the visually impaired. “We need recognition” by society as well as by the government, demanded most of the participants. “There are no proper ordinances on white cane safety law, accessibility and that excludes us of the rights and recognition. Without legal recognition, and documentation, we are like citizens without identity cards” commented Saqib Javed, an Advocate. The White Cane Safety Day awareness recognizes the achievements of the blind and visually impaired, and their indepen-

dence. In Pakistan, the day of the disabled people that a whole. Persons with Dis- ture and other people’s was celebrated to educate are overlooked by the au- abilities are disabled more pessimistic attitudes than the people about the rights thorities and the society as by inaccessible infrastruc- they are by their own physical situation. “Laws cannot help alone, what we need is a change of mind”, commented Zulqurnain Asghar, first visually impaired psychologist of South Asia. While interacting with people with disabilities, we should keep in mind that they are just like all people, but a little different, he said. Recognition of their rights, Separate Ministry for the Disabled population, increment in job quota from 2% to 10% and inclusion of disabled persons at policy level were the major demands of the participants: “Nothing about us without us,” added Zulqurnain. It is unfortunate to note that while the population of disabled people in Pakistan is around 10 ISLAMABAD: Blind people and activists of different walks of life, taking part in an percent of the total popuawareness walk on the eve of World White Cane Day, organized by Pakistan Qaumi lation, the job quota alloYakjehti Council.—PO photo cated is mere 2 percent.

President renews commitment to make Pak polio free Zohr

05:40 01:30 04:45 07:30

October 16 THE Nazriya-i-Pakistan Council Islamabad has arranged a special function at the eve of the death anniversary of the first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawabzada Khan Liaquat Ali Khan on 16th October at 10 am, at the Aiwan-i-Quaid Auditorium, F-9 Park. Renowned scholars Kanwar Muhammad Dilshad, Naiz A. Irfan, Mohammad Arshad and Anjum Khaleeq will speak on the occasion to pay homage to Shaheed-i-Millat and highlight his services rendered during the Pakistan Movement and in rehabilitation of Mahajreen in very difficult circumstances after the independence. ***** PRESENTATION of Relief Cheque ceremony to Minister of Science and Technology by NUST Social Community Club will be held at 12:30 pm at NUST Main Campus on Tuesday, 16th October 2012. October 18 OPENING of Exhibition titled ‘Eid and Autumn Designer Collection 2012’, organised by the fashion designer ‘Zehra V’, chief guest: Islamabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry President Zafar Bakhtawari, at the ‘Zehra V’ Fashion Studio, House No. 528, Margallah Road, F-10/2, Islamabad, 10:30 a.m.-7 p.m. October 19 EXHIBITION titled ‘Eid and Autumn Designer Collection 2012’, organised by the fashion designer ‘Zehra V’, at the ‘Zehra V’, Fashion Studio, House No. 528, Margalla Road, F-10/2, Islamabad 11a.m.-7 p.m. November 8 ALUMNI Association National Institute of Psychology (AA-NIP) will hold Annual Alumni Dinner, 2012 on 8th November, 4:30 P.M to 10:00 P.M at Geo Physics Auditorium, QAU. For Registration please contact Irum Naqvi. 0519 0 6 4 4 0 4 7 ,


paign but still it could not be made polio free. He said, “We should ensure that the future generation should not blame for ignoring about their health.” The President said, “We are responsible for protecting the health and education needs of every child living any where in the country and we should fulfil our duty with the provision of these basic needs of life to every child.” The President called for the need to produce polio vaccines within the country. He said that Pakistan and China have signed an MoU on cooperation in manufacturing vaccines and expressed the hope that the cooperation will also be extended to manufacturing polio vaccines in Pakistan for nation wide anti polio programs. The President said that the Government was mindful of the challenges being faced in the polio campaign but added that no challenge was too big to stop from saving the children from polio. He said, “We cannot be

the last country to eradicate polio as even our neighbours ISLAMABAD—President Asif have eradicate their country Ali Zardari Monday reiteratfrom polio.” ing Government’s commitThe President who adment to eradicate polio from ministered polio drops to Pakistan emphasized the some of the children here at need for coordinated efforts Aiwan-e-Sadr, said some exby all the segements of socitremists have opposed polio ety to reach every child for eradication plans, but “In the immunizations to make PakiPakistan of the Quaid-i-Azam stan a polio free country. and Quaid-i-Awam we canAddressing the launchnot allow extremists to stop ing ceremony for three-day us from carrying forward the country wide anti-polio camwelfare agenda”. paign here at Aiwan-e-Sadr, He said with democracy the President said Pakistan taking roots, these forces are has come a long way from bound to fail. 1994, when the former Prime He said the Government Minister Benazir Bhutto was aware of the recent challaunched for the first time lenges in North and South polio eradication campaign Waziristan where certain formally. He said since then groups imposed a ban on pothe polio cases have come lio campaign. He said, “We ISLAMABAD: President Asif Ali Zardari administrating polio drops to children on the launching ceremony of down significantly. were meeting the challenge Nationwide Polio Campaign at Aiwan-e-Sadr. He said, “We are not yet with locally appropriate solucompletely polio free and our tions and in accordance with aim is to make Pakistan comlocal traditions and norms”. pletely polio free and we aim The President said that that no child lives in the fear the Government was also of being crippled for life.” mindful of the recent inciThe President said aldents of violence that took though Pakistan was one of place in Karachi including ISLAMABAD—Crime Investi- under his supervision in- registered against these perthe first countries to launch attacks on World Health Orgation Agency (CIA) of cluding In-Charge CIA Bashir sons at Sabzi Mandi, the polio eradication camganization workers. Islamabad Police has ar- Ahmed Noon, Sub-Inspec- Ramana, Margallah, Shehzad STAFF REPORTER rested 21 outlaws besides tors Muhammad Asghar town, Koral, Tarnol and SecZulfiqar Ahmed, retariat police stations for inI SLAMABAD —The Capital busting a gang involved in Bhatti, Saleem Ullah, Muhammad volvement in blind murder, Development Authority blind murder as well as Ali, ASI Tariq Rauf, Zafar dacoities, theft, drug push(CDA) has successfully con- dacoities and recovered Assistant Commissioner ducted the auction of sacrifi- seven pistols, stolen valu- Iqbal, Haider Shah, Shahid ing and possessing illegal I S L A M A B A D — I s l a m a b a d in the last two days, imposed weapons. Capital Territory (ICT) Ad- heavy fines amounting Rs. (City) Muhammad Ali im- cial animal market (Bakra ables and 4.225 kilogram Muneer and others. Police also recovered CIA police succeeded to ministration has started anti- 52,450 on 52 profiteers for not posed fine of Rs. 27,600 on Mandi) for the upcoming Eid- hashish from their possesseven pistols, mobile arrest 21 persons identified the profiteers during checkdisplaying the rate list of sion, a police spokesman said profiteering drive in ul-Adha. The highest bid for as Jaffer Khan, Ghulam phones, stolen valuables, ing in city markets. Assistant the auction was Rs 5.260 mil- on Monday. Islamabad in order to ensure fruits and vegetables. According to details, Commissioner (Secretariat), lion. According to details, IGP Murtaza, Kamran, Naveed 4.225 kilogram hashish from the availability of food items Akhtar, Arshad Khan, their possession and further Commissioner Nauman Yousaf imposed fines at the control rates, said ICT Assistant Market for the sacrificial Islamabad Bani Amin Khan Iftikhar Ali, Tasawur Hussain, investigation is underway (Rural) Maryam Mumtaz, amounting Rs. 7800 on the animals would be established and SSP Islamabad Yaseen spokesman on Monday. Assistant Commission- during price checking in the profiteers. Assistant Commis- in Sector I-11/4 from 1st Zil Farooq assigned the task to Shehbaz Yaqub, Abbass Ali, from them. IGP Islamabad (Investigation) Afzal, Ramzan, Jameel, Javed, Bani Amin Khan has appreers and Magistrates during rural area imposed fine of Rs. sioner (Shalimar) Shazia Kazi Hajj till 13th Zil Hajj, while all SP surprise price checking in 4500 on the profiteers for over imposed fines worth Rs. 11,350 arrangements in this regard Mustansar Feeroz to trace Salah Uddin, Akhtar Zaman, ciated this overall perforNabeel, Asad Abbass, mance and directed to conon the profiteers.—APP their respective jurisdictions, charging the food items. have been finalized. Basic the gangs involved in mur- Nawab Shah, Naeem Ahmed, tinue efforts to curb activifacilities including parking der, dacoities and theft inci- Taj Muhammad and Nadir ties of anti-social elements.— lot, lights, sanitation and fire dents. SP (Investigation) Hussain. Cases have been APP brigade would be available in constituted special teams Bakra Mandi. Chairman CDA, Syed Tahir Shahbaz has said that CDA will facilitate the residents of the federal capital to purchase the sacrificial ani- I S L A M A B A D —Concluding They demanded impleSTAFF REPORTER mals from Bakra Mandi with- the two-day function at Lok mentation of women right to out any hassle. He has di- Virsa to mark International inheritance law, passage of I SLAMABAD —Allama Iqbal rected Directorate of En- Rural Women Day, the speak- domestic violence bill and Open University will hold its forcement not to allow the ers urged the political parties terming of child and women entry test for COL-Executive sale of sacrificial animals in to include maximum facilities trafficking as crime. The MBA/MPA programme on the city and keep vigilant eye for rural women in their implementation of women re- October 22. The test will be on the movement of sacrifi- manifesto.They urged the lated laws must be ensured held in Jinnah Hall at the main cial animal traders and take government for ensuring pro- along with improving the campus of the university. action against violators. The entry test would be vision of CNIC to the rural working of Police Department women after 18 years of age in rural areas.For the welfare held simultaneously in Peshawar, and include their names in the of rural women, there must be Abbottabad, Gujranwala, voter lists to ensure their par- separate budget allocation of Faisalabad, ticipation in election process. every district, they added. Lahore, Sahiwal, Sargodha, They called for ensuring Multan and Karachi. They recommended to The university has sent increase women representa- protection of those who are tion at both the houses of working for the women and the call letters to all eligible parliament upto 50 percent or human rights, giving one to students for participation in ISLAMABAD: Abdul Aziz Ibrahim Saleh Al-Ghadeer, Ambassador of Saudi Arabia to I SLAMABAD —The prices of atleast 33 percent. four acre free land to the the entry test. All those who Pakistan calls on Interior Minister Rehman Malik. most of the fruits and vegThey also suggested to women cultivators and in- have not received the call letetable is decreased in the increase 33 percent women volving the women farmers ter are also advised to reach weekly bazaars of Islamabad, representation on general in agricultural development on due time for participation however tomato price has seats. projects.—APP in entry test.—APP registered increase. According to rate list issued by Capital Development Authority Directorate of I SLAMABAD —UNICEF cel- were designed to instill and prevented if children wash Municipal Administration, ebrated Global Handwashing reinforce in everyone’s their hands with soap, and if the prices of vegetable, toDay across the country on minds that the very simple act their caregivers do so, too. mato prices have been inUNICEF arranged Global creased. The current price of Monday by providing of handwashing with soap 250,000 children with can save hundreds of thou- Handwashing Day events in tomato is Rs 55 per kg, pohandwashing soap as well as sands of children from sick- Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore tato is being sold at Rs 80 to and Quetta.The events Rs 164 per five kg, onion Rs lessons to nearly half a mil- ness and death. Handwashing informa- brought together children, 204 per five kg, lemon Rs 200 lion children on the benefits tion and practice activities policy makers and civil soci- per kg, lady finger Rs 44 per of handwashing. Awareness and informa- were particularly emphasized ety partners (including the kg, brinjal Rs 14 per kg, caulition activities on this day among children and their fami- Pakistan Institute for Environ- flower Rs 30 per kg, cabbage lies in areas affected by flood- ment-Development Action Rs 20 per kg, green pepper ing in Sindh, Punjab and Research), to mark the fifth Rs 92 per kg, green chilli Rs Balochistan.In Pakistan, an commemoration of the event. 70 per kg, black eye beans Rs average of eight children die Children presented their 40 per kg, turnip Rs 35 per every hour due to infections innovative ideas and skills kg, spinach Rs 16 per kg, cufrom diarrhea. on promotion of cumber Rs46 per kg, peas Rs As a cost-effective life- handwashing through 150 per kg, bitter gourd Rs 40 per kg, radish Rs 20 per kg saving intervention, songs, drawing and skits. handwashing with soap can The proper method of and carrot available at Rs 26. According to rate list, reduce the incidence of diar- handwashing was also demapples being available at Rs 40 rhea among children under onstrated at the event. five by almost 50 percent, and “Islam teaches us that to 80 per kg, banana Rs 25 to respiratory infections by cleanliness is half of godli- Rs 50 per dozen, guavas are nearly 25 percent. ness,” said Secretary, Minis- available at Rs 50, grapes Rs. These illnesses and fu- try of Climate Change,Mr 100 to 180 per kg and dates Rs. 100 to 200 per kg.—APP ture health problems can be Mehmood Alam.—APP

CDA auctions sacrificial animal market for Rs 5.26m

Gang involved in blind murder arrested

52 profiteers fined

Political parties manifesto AIOU entry lack facilities for rural women test on Oct 22

Prices of fruits, vegetables fall

250,000 children provided with soap cakes on Handwashing Day

ISLAMABAD: UNICEF representative briefs the students about hand washing during a programme to mark the Global Handwashing Day at IMHC organized by Ministry of Climate Change in collaboration with UNICEF and PIEDAR.

Waza urges UN to implement its Kashmir resolutions S RINAGAR — APHC leader and the Chairman of Jammu and Kashmir People’s League, Mukhtar Ahmad Waza has said that Kashmir is an internationally recognised dispute, which needs to be resolved as per relevant resolutions of the United Nations. Mukhtar Ahmad Waza addressing a party function in Srinagar over telephone from Islamabad town said that India had occupied the territory in violation of the international law and against this forcible occupation the United Nations had passed its first resolution on 13th August in 1948. The resolution advocates settlement of the dispute, he added. The APHC leader appealed to the UN to implement its resolutions on Kashmir and take cognisance of human rights violations by Indian troops and police personnel in the territory. He said that the Indian forces had, so far, killed thousands of innocent people in fake encounters in occupied Kashmir. Mukhtar Waza and other participants of the meeting reiterated that the unparalleled sacrifices offered by the Kashmiri people for the Kashmir cause would not be allowed to go waste and the ongoing liberation movement would be taken to its logical end.—APP

Kashmiris are masters of own destiny JAMMU— APHC leader and

the Chairman of Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Movement, Ghulam Ahmed Mir has said that Kashmir belongs to Kashmiris and only they will decide about its future. Ghulam Ahmed Mir addressing a meeting of notables in Surankote said that India had been maintaining its illegal hold on Jammu and Kashmir at the dint of its military might. He rejected the claims of Indian leaders that Jammu and Kashmir was an integral part of India. The APHC leader maintained that Kashmir was an internationally recognised dispute, which could be resolved by giving the Kashmiris their inalienable right to self-determination. He deplored that the UN had passed several resolutions for settlement of the conflict over Kashmir but it had failed to fulfil its responsi-bilities in this regard, despite the passage of several decades.—APP

Strike calls the only option with people: Hurriyat SRINAGAR—Agreeing that the strikes affected the common man, Hurriyat Conference led by Syed Ali Geelani has said they didn’t have any other option to articulate their grievances against India. On the other hand, the ruling National Conference termed strikes as “senseless” and “meaningless” form of protest. Talking to Kashmir Observer, Hurriyat Conference (G) spokesman, Ayyaz Akbar, said strikes were the only option the government had left with the people. “We don’t have any other option to show our resentment against India,” he said, adding “we know people are affected.” He termed the bandh against the president of India, Pranab Mukeerjee’s visit to Kashmir, as a “referendum” to India indicating that people were against its “occupation”.—NNI


India’s new mily strategy to counter Sino-Pak coop SRINAGAR—Indian Chief of Siachen Glacier especially India and would never leave it here that the house of Syed Sehrai, Syed Imtiaz Haider, extended a hand of friendship to support for Sudan, Somalia, Army Staff, General Bikram Singh has spelled out Indian military strategy for the next decade. It is based on New Delhi’s earlier concern over growing Pak-Chinese strategic and tactical cooperation in the field of defence and security. Ironically, Indian Intelligence agencies are totally blind in making an honest assessment of Chinese involvement in development projects in Pakistan. Indian Chief of Army Chief has expressed his concern over Chinese presence in Pakistan, especially in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan province. It is being claimed that India will continue military in held Jammu and Kashmir,

Saltoro Ridge. India is trying to negotiate with Pakistani authorities to come to an agreement on proper authentic demarcation so that forces of both the countries withdraw from Glacier area and disengagement takes place. As per the statement of DCIO Jammu, New Delhi has no plan of withdrawal from any part and after the demarcation of Glacier area, says a news analysis published in Kashmir Watch. He claimed that Indian military would pressurize Islamabad to ensure that Chinese do not visit Pakistani areas; otherwise Indian forces would not leave the area. The DCIO added that New Delhi considers held Jammu and Kashmir state as integral part of

unoccupied for Pakistani military to occupy and add to its territories. In another development, Pakistanis and Kashmiris are looking forward to give a very warm welcome to top Kashmiri leadership, which is scheduled to visit Pakistan in near future. The invitation to Syed Geelani was extended early this year by Pakistani High Commissioner in New Delhi, Shahid Malik but Syed Geelani is still under house arrest. Geelani in his special massage to Pakistani brothers and sisters asked to exert diplomatic and moral pressure on India to desist from human rights violations. It is pertinent to mention

Geelani is under siege round the clock and anyone visiting him is not only thoroughly searched but subjected to surveillance for many days. It is irony the Kashmiris are not only prisoners of conscience for the last 65 years but are subjected to torture and detention. Any leader who speaks against Indian brutalities in Indian held Jammu and Kashnir is imprisoned or subjected to extrajudicial killings. Syed Geelani in a recent statement has requested the international community to help Kashmiris in getting freedom from illegal detentions. Those who are still detained include Muhammad Rafiq Ghanai, Muhammad Ashraf

Abdul Aziz Dar, Mir Hafizullah, Raja Mirajuddin, Shakeel Ahmad Thokur, Shakeel Ahmad Yatoo and others. These prisoners have developed various ailments due to lack of proper medical and food facilities in the jails. It has been reported that 908 political prisoners including Masrat Alam Bhat, Dr Qasim, Mir Hafizullah, Mushtaq-ul-Islam, Ghulam Mohammad Bhat, Ghulam Qadir Bhat, Dr Shafi Shariati, Mohammad Ayub Dar, Mohammad Yasin Yatoo and other were behind bars but despite protests New Delhi is not moved. Pakistani former Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani misjudged Indian mentality when he

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and issued a statement, “The era of wars has ended. We are ready to sit and resolve all core issues at the negotiating table; whether it is Kashmir, Sir Creek, Siachen, water or terrorism.” There should be no doubt in anybody’s mind after the recent statement by New Delhi, in which India has strongly reacted to the communique issued at the conclusion of 4th Extraordinary Summit of Organization of Islamic Conference held in Makkah on 14-15 August 2012. The communique under the heading of Solidarity With Other Member States, said, “The Summit affirms its solidarity and full

Afghanistan and J&K, Iraq, Yemen, Ivory Coast, the Union of Comoros and the Republic of Turkish-Cyprus in addressing the challenges facing these countries.” In an official statement on 17 August 2012, spokesperson from Indian Ministry of External Affairs termed OIC Communique as “erroneous and factually incorrect” and said, “We note that there is an erroneous and factually incorrect mention about an integral part of India by the OIC in its communique issued at its Fourth Extraordinary Summit held in Makkah… This is wrong, unacceptable and we reject it.’’— NNI

Kashmir poses greater threat to world peace: Mirwaiz

SRINAGAR—Hurriyat Confer- New Delhi from 1947 to make the UN General Assembly that

ence (M) chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq said different countries in the west apart from the Muslim nations consider Kashmir a disputed territory. He said the foreign countries acknowledge that permanent peace cannot return to the region unless the dispute is resolved. Mirwaiz expressed satisfaction over the interactions with different world leaders during his visit to different countries. “Kashmir dispute is a hot topic in forums the world over and people acknowledge that a lasting solution to the issue cannot be reached without the participation of Kashmiris in such a process”, he said adding wherever he went, people condemned the human rights violations in Kashmir and the international rights organisation was actively taking up the isMUZAFFARABAD: Representatives of Jammu Kashmir People’s Conference coming to attend Kashmir conference. sued at different forums all over the world. Mirwaiz Umar Farooq has termed the LPG crisis in Kashmir as “New Delhi’s policy to give an impression of depenKashmiris.” S RINAGAR — All Parties dence“Ittohas been the policy of Hurriyet Conference (G) Syed Ali SRINAGAR — Islami Dawah upon the ideals and values of the Muhammad (SAW) while writ- Geelani has demanded immediCentre (IDC) Chattabal, media professionals”. “Journal- ing a draft for a news story,” ate release of Hurriyet leaders and activists including Masarrat Srinagar organised a function ism has three categories of Con- Qasmi said. Speakers exhorted journal- Aalam Butt, Mushtaq-ul-Islam titled “Dynamics of World Me- structive Journalism, Entertaindia and the Islamic Code of ment Journalism and Yellow ists to write objective and al- and Muhammad Yousuf Falahi. Syed Ali Geelani in a stateConduct”. Head Mufti Darul Journalism, and all of these play ways side with the truth. “ConAloom Raheemiya Maulana different roles in our lives,” he structive journalism is as good ment in Srinagar said that the conNazir Ahmad Qasmi spoke on said while categorizing the me- as Ibadat. A man praying the tinued incarceration of liberation dia. Qasmi further said that flow whole night does it for himself leaders was against the interna- SRINAGAR—Stating that most the topic at length. Maulana Qasmi said media of information is from west to but a right thinking journalist tional law and recognised norms of the diseases in Jammu and Kashmir are manmade, Minisis the fourth estate of state, and east. “The big media houses of also burns the midnight oil for of justice. Earlier, Geelani paid glowing ter for Health Sham Lal Sharma its importance cannot be ne- the world are controlled by the the betterment of the entire sotributes to prominent liberation has said the government is takgated by the role it plays in the western powers which has cre- ciety,” Qasmi said. ated unnecessary wants in us,” Senior faculty member activist, Sheikh Abdur Rasheed ing steps to provide healthcare society in present times. “The power of media can he added. “Today’s journalism MERC, Kashmir University alias Ibraheem, who breathed his to patients suffering from canbe measured by the fact that it is nothing but propaganda to- Nasir Mirza and Ghulam last in Srinagar on Sunday. cer and other life-threatening has power to topple govern- wards a particular society; we Hassan Kaloo, Chief Editor, APHC leaders Shabbir Ahmad diseases within the state. The government is taking ments and even make some dis- should at least think that we are Mirror of Kashmir also spoke Shah and Zafar Akbar Butt vispensations stand,” he said. Muslim Media Professionals on the occasion and threw light ited the residence of Sheikh steps to help provide care to Qasmi stressed that journalists’ and we should show reverence on the diverse role media plays Abdur Rasheed and offered their patients suffering from cancer aim should be to shape the so- to the Prophets of Islam and the in the society in general and in condolences with the bereaved and other life-threatening diseases within the state. Here in of Prophet our lives in particular.—NNI family.—SANA ciety, “but that too depends followers Kashmir people eat spicy food

Constructive journalism as sacred as ibadat: Mufti Qasim

Inmates apprise bar team of their ordeal

SRINAGAR—A team consti- jail. The detainees at Udhampur the possession of each intimate tuted by the High Court Bar Association visited the Central jail Udhampur after obtaining prior permission from the High Court recently. The Bar team comprised Aijaz Bedar, Vice President, Mohammad Ashraf Bhat, General Secretary, Shabir Ahmad Butt Joint Secretary and members Arshad Andrabi and Rafiq Ahmad Joo. The Bar will be releasing a complete report with regard to the jail visits after few days, a statement issued by the High Court Bar Association in Srinagar said. The team met the intimates at Udhampur Jail including Musarrat Aalam Butt and Mushtaq-ul-Islam in presence of the Superintendent Jail and also the intimates at Kotebalwal

N the nearly 20 years, since the All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC) was set up, it has made no tangible contribution to the peace process on Kashmir. It was born with two major fault lines and never outgrew them. Militancy in Kashmir erupted in 1988. Moves to form the APHC began on Oct 27, 1992; it was an offspring of militancy but had no control over the gun and could not declare a ceasefire. This gravely undermined its capacity to negotiate to establish peace. Secondly, its constitution contained seeds of a major rift. The objectives clause (2) spoke of a solution in accordance with the UN resolutions; “however the exercise of the right of self-determination shall also include the right to independence”. That is not recognised in the UN’s resolutions. India and Pakistan excluded it. It goes on to accept “an alternative negotiated settlement” amongst the three parties, the two states and Kashmiris. An “Explanation” excludes “any settlement within the framework of the Constitution of India”. What if India and Pakistan agree to an interim “non-territorial solution” which goes beyond the status quo, does not legally abrogate the LoC but renders it so irrelevant as to reunify Kashmir de facto with agreed quantum of self-

told the team that the Superintendent did not allow them to offer congregational prayers and were being forced to raise the slogans like Jai Mata Di, Vande matarum, Bharat Mata ki Ji etc. Any intimate who doesn’t follow his instructions is punished severely. The copies of Holy Quran from the detainees have been snatched and the Jainimaz has been removed. The intimates who are booked under the PSA are compelled to share barracks with the accused persons/convicts facing trial under heinous offences. The Superintendent jail before whom these allegations were narrated by the intimated, replied that the Quran and Jainimaz were removed from

by the orders of the District Judge and SSP Udhampur. Even intimates who are not medically fit are being made to go for daily drill particularly inmates who are booked under the PSA. Finally on persuasion of the committee of the Bar Association Mushtaq-ul-Islam was called and he had a meeting with the committee of the Bar Association in presence of the Superintendent Jail Udhampur. Mushtaq-ul-Islam narrated that on 15.09.2012 the Superintendent jail came to his barrack and asked him to come from his barrack for drill he refused to come out by saying that he as a Muslim is made to adhere to some practice which is against his faith of Islam.—KMS

Geelani for release of Hurriyet leaders

us appear dependable. They want us to beg for peanuts,” Mirwaiz said. “People are deliberately made to face shortage of essential commodities, be it water, electricity or anything else. Now people are made to suffer on account of LPG.” Mirwaiz said they would always protest against hardships. “We cannot tolerate sufferings of people. Government should understand that Kashmir is a cold region and extra LPG and electricity is a necessity and not a luxury.” Accusing Government of selling power generated from Kashmir to other places, Mirwaiz said: “We have been bestowed with water resources but the government is selling the power generated in Kashmir to other states. They cannot hide behind the lame excuses of subsidy cap and quota system.” Mirwaiz said they will support all protest programmes of Kashmir Traders and Manufacturers Federation on shortage of LPG. On the Foreign Minister S M Krishna’s recent statement at

Healthcare for cancer-like diseases assured

Kashmir leather sector collapses

which is not good for health due to which every family is affected,” Sharma said. The minister was speaking during a function held to observe World Palliative Care Day. Palliative care is a specialized care offered to the patients suffering from diseases like cancer.. Sharma said he was determined to take important decisions in the field of health care, such as Drug Policy, Nursing Act and Nursing Home Act, among others.

The awareness programme “Death is inevitable, pain is not- living till the end pain free” was organized by Hakim Sanaullah Specialist Hospital & Cancer Centre Sopore and Dr. Shad Salim’s Oncology Clinic. Talking about the programme, noted oncologist, Dr Salim said, “To aware common masses about the palliative care is of urgent need. The programme aims to introduce the concept of palliative care

SRINAGAR — In the rapidly

changing global economic environment, the burden of heavy tax, and lack of an industrial sector in this Indian administered Kashmir has led to declines in the leather industry. An average of 14 lakh sheep are imported to Kashmir annually for consumption purposes, as people here eat 3 times more meat than the national averag. Howeve,the animal skin left over worth crores for leather business are still being exported as raw material to other states of India.According to official figures, an average worth 400 crores of imported meat is consumed in Kashmir annually, in addition to the home produced consumption of sheep and MUZAFFARABAD: AJK Information Minister Syed Bazal Naqvi offering Dua offer laygoat.—NNI ing Chaddar on the grave of Sain Sahilee Sarkar.

Kashmiri input is missing rule for East and West Kashmir? That is what the consensus called the ‘four points’ would establish. If the Hurriyat leaders reject it, has any of them an alternative which they can get both countries to accept? All we have been treated to are slogans, extreme demands, and a form of struggle which makes no allowance for the hardships imposed on the people. The APHC has suffered multiple fractures because its aims are unreal, its leaders’ egos monumental. The ceasefire declared by the Hizbul Mujahideen on July 24, 2000 ought to have injected realism if not humility. The Hizb parleyed with Indian officials bypassing the Hurriyat, then a united body on the verge of a split. Abdul Ghani Bhat’s election as chairman defeating Abdul Ghani Lone, by three votes to two, was a portent. Bhat said that the APHC as the only body of Kashmiris that was recognised could not be marginalised, drawing a sharp rebuke from the Hizb. “If our elders believe that only an armed struggle will liberate Kashmir from the occupation and an honourable solution is possible through militancy, then they should come in the forefront

Kashmir is an “integral part of India”, Mirwaiz said the “disputed nature of Kashmir has been accepted by all the world forums- United Nations (UN), European Union (EU) and Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC).” “Kashmir is considered as one of the major disputes of the world along with Syria and Palestine by all the world forums. It is encouraging that Kashmir is being considered as nuclear flashpoint which, if remains unsolved, will pose a greater threat to world peace,” Mirwaiz said, adding, “The international community fully endorses the view of the Kashmiris that elections are no substitute to Kashmir issue resolution. They accepted that Kashmir is a political issue and it has to be solved according to United Nations resolutions or tri-party talks between India, Pakistan and Kashmiri leadership.” Mirwaiz said the international political and rights groups have taken strong cognizance of human rights violations in Kashmir.– NNI

and command the struggle. If not they should at least send their wards to join militancy… These leaders changed their stance thrice, during the twoweek long ceasefire … the people of Jammu and Kashmir have the right to ask these leaders to muster courage and keep off from the leadership of the movement”. Hizbul Mujahideen chief Syed Salahuddin said on Sept 11, 2000 that “the APHC has not done much for the movement”. This remains true a decade later though the splits have reduced the outfits to a one-man show. Two stand out. First, Syed Ali Shah Geelani; next Mirwaiz Umar Farooq. What Dr B. R. Ambedkar said on Jan 18, 1943 in a lecture on ‘Ranade, Gandhi & Jinnah’ holds good for all in the field: “In political negotiations the rule must be what is possible. …You must not refuse what is offered when you know that your sanctions are inadequate to compel your opponent to concede more”. Also, an “ideal must be such that it must carry the assurance that it is practicable”. The accords on Aceh in Indonesia and the one on Oct 7, 2012 between the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front on Mindanao

were possible for three reasons. The leaders controlled the rebels; the rebels wielded the gun; and the leaders accepted self-rule short of independence. The Mirwaiz told an Indian daily on Oct 10, 2002 that “an autonomous region with the other side (i.e. Pakistan) being party to it could address the issue” and satisfy all sides. To his credit he supported the four points when they were propounded. Last June he said “we must devise novel ways of keeping the people involved and interested” — a tacit admission that the interest is dwindling. He spoke of “actively participating in people’s lives in a way we have not done thus far”. Neither the UN’s Human Rights Council, nor the OIC nor foreign diplomats will be of much help. Leaders draw strength from the people and the people are sick of hartals and closures. In this context, Syed Ali Shah Geelani’s concrete moves are helpful. First came his famous five points on Aug 31, 2010 proposing concrete interim measures. On June 3, 2011 he urged “welcome and respect” for the tourists; warned against “stone-throwing” on

July 7; criticised the bogus Sharia court in Srinagar which had “expelled” four Christian priests on Jan 28, 2012; and he denounced the killing of elected members of panchayats last month. These add up to a strong voice for moderation. The Hurriyat leaders lose nothing but gain a lot by exerting themselves for redressing people’s grievances concerning the everyday needs of their lives, civic amenities, bureaucratic delays and the like. These are less glamorous than the clamour to be made a party to India-Pakistan parleys and the censure of those parleys on the ground that they ignored Kashmir (read: ‘us’). Not one Kashmiri leader has made the slightest attempt to inject a Kashmiri input into the APHC framework. Mr Yousuf Raza Gilani said “hum chahte thay ke kuch vahan ki leadership ko bhi involve kiya jaye”. He meant well but did not realise that their involvement would be destructive. If they meet at the same table, the Tower of Babel will lose its historic significance as a noisy and chaotic forum. They can make common cause with all, including the PDP (People’s Democratic Party), on the issues of freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and a speedy India-Pakistan accord on the basis of the four points. Only then will New Delhi listen.—Kashmir Watch


Staff Reporter ISLAMABAD —Trade Development Authority of Pakistan (TDAP) is organizing Women Entrepreneurs Products Exhibition and Seminar at a local hotel in Aashiana Mansehra form 20 to 22 October The exhibition is being held in collaboration with Rural Community Council (RCC) Mansehra, according to a press release received here Monday. Women Entrepreneurs from Hazara Division, Peshawar, Dera Ismail Khan, Sawat, Faisalabad and Karachi will display and exhibit their products under one roof in the event. Efforts are being made to attract prominent exporters and business community to develop their trade and business links with the Women entrepreneurs of the area, it added.

PQ activity

K ARACHI —Three ships carrying containers and chemical were allotted berth at Qasim International Containers Terminal and Engro Vopak Terminal respectively during last 24 hours. Meanwhile one more ship scheduled to load/offload containers also arrived at outer anchorage of Port Qasim during last 24 hours. Berth occupancy was 45% at the Port on Monday where total number of five ships namely Maersk Georgia, MSC Lana, As Olivia MV, Ana Dorothea and Vermilion Energy are currently occupying berths to load/offload containers, urea, chemical and furnace oil respectively during last 24 hours 3250 containers (Boxes) were handle at the Port. A cargo volume of 114048 tonnes comprising 81456 tonnes imports and 32592 tonnes exports inclusive of containerized cargo carried In 3250 containers (Boxes) were handle at the Port during last 24 hours.—APP

Energy Road Show in Istanbul to help resolve issue: Shahbaz STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Punjab

Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that energy road show to be held in Istanbul on 17 October is an important development in the wake of his recent visit to Turkey, and will go a long way in solving energy crisis in Punjab province. He said that conduct of energy road show is a success of Punjab government and an acknowledgment of the fact that Turkish leadership gives great importance to its friendship with the Punjab government. The Chief Minister expressed these views during

in energy road show to give a comprehensive briefing to the Turkish energy companies on the possibilities of investment in Punjab, especially negotiations should be held to make joint investment in energy projects relating to coal and hydle power. He said that Punjab government would extend all out facilities and incentives to the Turkish investors in the province. Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif informed that leading energy companies of Turkey are participating in energy road show for Punjab, which would be inaugurated by Turkish Minister for Energy TOKYO: Federal Minister for Finance Dr Abdul Hafeez Shaikh meeting with his Saudi counterpart Al-Assaf at the and Natural Resources. margins of 2012 annual meeting of IMF and World Bank.

Concerns over edible oil tankers’ strike STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Managing

Committee of Bin Qasim Association of Trade & Industry (BQATI) expressed their concern over deteriorating law and order situation of Bin Qasim Industrial Zone. Bin Qasim Association of Trade & Industry, BQATI is deeply concerned over blatant lawlessness in the country’s largest Industrial port area of Port Qasim, that a new menace that has come up recently since last week which is a source of great concern and anxiety to the industries and the foreigners working at Port Qasim Industrial area, caused by the violent strike of edible

oil tanker drivers, says a press release. Since last week, the corner of National Highway and Port Qasim, which is the main entrance to the country’s only industrial port has been occupied by a crowd of hundreds of edible oil tanker union members and their tankers, who are at loggerheads with ghee mills over upcountry freight rates. This is the second strike in recent months. The strike has crippled industrial activity in the area as the protest has turned extremely violent on a number of occasions, resulting in riots, shooting and burning and damaging cargo-carrying tankers worth millions of rupees.

On October 06, 2012, oil tankers carrying edible oil from Port Qasim to up country were forcibly stopped and beaten up on the National Highway, they also moved to the oil industries situate at NWIZ enquiring and giving threat if there were any oil supply, also one of our member industry who have invited Malaysian delegation for foreign investment had to leave the area in a very critical situation. On the morning of October 10, 2012, main road leading to Port Qasim and Industrial Zone was blocked by these people due to which staff working in the zone had to suffer lot.

SBP warns of fraudulent prize schemes AMANULLAH KHAN K ARACHI —Beware of the

fraudulent schemes offering fabulous cash prizes to hoodwink the individuals either on phones, websites, emails and through SMS etc. Taking notice of the Rates for conversion situation, the State Bank of K ARACHI —The following Pakistan (SBP) has warned rates will be applicable for the general publicnot to be conversion into rupees of misled by fraudulent activiForeign Currency Depos- ties/schemes launched by its, Dollar Bearer Certifisome unscrupulous elecates, Foreign Currency ments informing it about the Bearer Certificates, Special winning of heavy cash U.S. Dollar Bonds and prizes in foreign currency. profits thereon by all It has come to the notice banks and for providing of the State Bank that the Forward Cover on Foreign members of the general pubCurrency Deposits lic are being approached (excluding F.E.25 deposits) by the State Bank on October 16, 2012. The rates are U.S. Dollar Rs 95.4043, Japanese Yen Rs 1.2113, Pound Sterling Rs 153.2384 and Euro Rs 123.6630.—APP

Most of the important things in the world have been accomplished by people who have kept on trying when there seemed to be no hope at all.

a briefing with regard to energy road show for Punjab in Istanbul, here today. The meeting was attended by Provincial Minister Ch. Abdul Ghafoor, Member National Assembly Ahsan Iqbal, Secretaries of Finance, Mines and Energy and officers concerned attended the meeting. Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that Punjab has large coal and hydle reserves to generate electricity and Punjab government is making strenuous efforts to solve energy crisis through its own resources. The Chief Minister directed the members of the delegation who will take part

through telephone calls/web mail service/SMS/Surface mail informing them that they have won heavy cash prizes in foreign currency. The fraudulent groups are providing fabricated application form of Foreign Exchange Department, State Bank of Pakistan to carry out remittance facility on behalf of prospective beneficiaries. They also demand some initial clearance dues from the targeted persons which, they falsely claim, are to be deposited to the Ministry of Finance in terms of cost of Fund Registration Charges Fee. They are also fraudulently using names of the Foreign Missions/Diplomats,

Corporates, Foreign Exchange Department, SBP and fake email addresses to portray their genuineness. Neither any such application form has been devised by SBP nor it has any connection with such schemes. SBP has once again advised the members of the general public to be careful and do not pay any heed to such fraudulent schemes. For further clarification in respect of the above fraudulent schemes, if any, the general public is advised to contact the Exchange Policy Department, State Bank of Pakistan, I.I. Chundrigar Road, Karachi at phone number 021-99212459 & Fax number 021-99212527.

Senate recommends inductions in FBR on provincial basis ISLAMABAD—Senate Special

Committee has recommended that appointment process in Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) be brought under control of provinces to ensure implementation of provincial quota. Committee met here Monday in Parliament House under its chairman Jahangir Badar to deliberate over the matter of appointments in FBR. Member Admn FBR Hasnain Ahmad told the committee there were 14 RTOs and 3 LTOs working in FBR. The appointments are made on regional quota basis, he pointed out. The committee recommended that inductions be made in FBR on the basis of provincial quota rather than regional quota basis so that implementation of provincial quota could be ensured.— Online

Traders demand simplification of credit line scheme STAFF REPORTER PESHAWAR—Small traders of

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have demanded simplification of the procedure for obtaining soft loan under SME Credit Line Scheme of the provincial government. Talking to media several small shopkeepers complained that the conditionality of the recommendation of Sarhad Chamber of Commerce & Industry (SCCI) is creating hurdle in obtaining of loans under the scheme. The SME Credit Line scheme for supporting small traders was first introduced during the interim set up headed by Engineer Shams-ul-Mulk. The scheme remained dormant

for a period of three years. However, the present provincial government reactivated and included its annual development program through allocating a fund of Rs.200 million for it. Like other employment promotion schemes of Bacha Khan Khpal Rozgar Scheme and Hunarmand Rozgar Scheme, the SME credit line scheme was another revolutionary measure of the provincial government. But, as compare to Bacha Khan Khpal Rozgar and Hunarmond Rozgar schemes under which thousands of people had submitted applications, not a single application has been filed for the SME credit line scheme and the fund had remained unutilized.

Under the scheme on the recommendation of chamber, SMEs working in services sector is entitled for obtaining a soft loan from Rs.0.5 million to Rs.1 million in head of machinery up gradation. The SMEs of the province are demanding that like Bacha Khan and Hunarmand Rozgar schemes the SMEs credit line scheme should also be opened to enable the terrorism and militancy affected SMEs of the province to take benefit of it and prevent the lapsing of the fund. The removal of the conditionalties and release of credit under the scheme will help to promote business activities and improvement in the economically stagnant situation.

SECP’s microinsurance roundtable today STAFF REPORTER

I S L A M A B A D —The Securi-

ties and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) is organizing a Business Policy Roundtable on Microinsurance to highlight the importance of microinsurance for low-income people, farmers, and small businesses. The event is scheduled for October 16,2012 at a local Hotel in Karachi. The roundtable would discuss the ways to use microinsurance as risk mitigating mechanisms to safeguard the small businesses and farmers from external shocks, says a statement issued by the Commission here today. The introduction and awareness about micro insurance facilities is become vital following the devastating floods of 2010 and 2011 that caused huge losses to small farmers. Moreover, the micro-insurance can also be an effective complement to existing social protection programmes of the governUSAID officials led by Melissa Knight, Energy Office Director meeting with board ment. members and senior management of Quetta Electric Supply Company.

Secretary Board of Investment Anjum Bashir talking to Canadian business delegation.

Conference on alternative, renewable energy concludes ISLAMABAD—Conference on Alternative and Renewable Energy (ARE) on 13 & 15 October titled “Towards an Energy Secure Pakistan” held at Jinnah Convention Centre concluded here on Monday. The conference was arranged under the auspices of Renewable Energy Association of Pakistan (REAP), Tawanai program of Institute of Policy Studies (IPS), and Alterative Energy Development Board (AEDB). Conference has given

recommendations for the governments, financial institutions, business and industry as well as common man, to achieve the objective of energy security particularly vis-à-vis AREs and conservation. The two session of the conference on Monday, themed ‘Energy Conservation & Efficiency: Small Steps, Big Impacts’ and ‘Mainstreaming Policies and Actions’ were chaired by Masud Daher, former federal secretary and chairman of

the National Tariffs Commission and Mirza Hamid Hassan former secretary water and power and chairman IPS Tawanai Program, respectively, and were addressed by Asif Jah, president REAP (Islamabad), Dr Rania Ahsan, DG, Board of Investment (BoI), Khalid Rahman, DG-IPS, Dr Asghari Bano, dean faculty of biological sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University and a number of ARE experts and representatives of the industry and academia.—SANA

LCCI- TDAP educate businesses on EU trade concessions SALIM AHMED LAHORE —Pakistan’s trade

with European countries under EU Autonomous Trade Preference Scheme is going top be started from November 1, 2012 and an EU Notification to this regard is expected by 28th of this month. This was stated by Head of WTO Cell of TDAP Mujeeb Ahmed Khan while speaking at a seminar on ‘Implementation of EU Autonomous Trade Preference Scheme’ jointly organized by Lahore Chamber of Commerce & Industry and Trade

Development Authority of Pakistan (TDAP). The LCCI President Farooq Iftikhar presented address of welcome while Vice President Mian Abuzar Shad also spoke on the occasion. Mujeeb Ahmed Khan said that the Trade Development Authority of Pakistan (TDAP) was all set to issue online Certificates from November 1 to the potential businessmen interested in doing business with European Union under EU Autonomous Trade Preference (ATP) scheme. He, however, made it clear that for the re-

maining two months of the year(from November 1 to December 31) only 25 per cent the annual quota would be made available for duty-free access while it would be hundred per cent from January 1. 2013. Mujeeb Khan informed the participants that all chambers of commerce in the country would be issued guidelines for issuance of country-origin certificates within a week. He said that the businessmen doing business under EU Autonomous Trade Preference scheme would have to mention the particulars of their buyers in

European Union. He said that it was a big success that Pakistan got this opportunity despite opposition by Portugal, Greece and Spain that are not only Pakistan’s competitors in Europe but also members of the EU. The Head of WTO Cell of TDAP said that the quota management would be done entirely by the European Commission. The basic role of Pakistani authorities related to confirming that the exported products were of Pakistani origin so that they could qualify for ATP concessions.

Speaking on the occasion, the LCCI President Farooq Iftikhar said that the TDAP initiative was very crucial to set the priority right and to get business community ready to fully exploit the benefits GSP Plus status being granted to Pakistan in January 2014. The LCCI President said that EU Autonomous Trade Preference scheme would certainly allow the businessmen to reach out to new buyers as well therefore the private sector must prove that Pakistan is fully capable of producing quality goods as per international standards.

Farooq Iftikhar, however, urged the TDAP to take on board the private sector representative bodies like chambers of commerce while finalizing any scheme or agreement on trade. He said that the Engineering products should also be made part of this scheme as Pakistan has expertise in it and presently exporting tractors and tractor spareparts to many European countries. He said that Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry would extend full support to all Trade Development Authority initiatives aimed at facilitating the exporters. He said that the businesses could

never become more agile and fast in delivering products and services without having a well tailored strategy and market intelligence. He said that there was a need for businesses to optimise their operations by deploying right infrastructure. The LCCI Vice President Mian Abuzar Shad said that the government would have to spend all its energies to enhance export volume. It would have to invest in innovation, education, and infrastructure for achieving a prosperous future. He said that a strategy is need of the hour to promote country’s economic growth and pre-

pare it for the challenges. The LCCI Vice President said that Pakistani businesses, manufacturers, and service providers are among the most competitive in the world. Every company, factory, and partnership need to be thinking about exporting their goods and services to new international markets. Similarly, the Federal Government must constantly look for ways to promote exports, enforce trade agreements, and work to ensure that businesses are able to compete on the world stage, consistent with global trading rules.

ISE index witnesses bearish trend STAFF REPORTER

Malaysia sees potential in Pak textile, halal sectors STAFF REPORTER

I S L A M A B A D — I s l a m a b a d ISLAMABAD—Malay ChamStock Exchange witnessed bearish trend here on Monday as the ISE-10 index was down by 5.13 points to close at 3,107.57 points in today’s trading. A total of 125,500 shares were traded, which were up by 103,900 shares when compared with previous day’s trading of 21,600 shares. Out of 147 companies, share prices of 83 companies recorded increase, share prices of 64 companies registered decrease while that of zero company remained stable. The share prices of Unilever Pakistan increased by Rs 404.99 per share, while the share prices of Siemens Pakistan Engineering decreased by Rs 30.49 per share. Fauji Cement, Laferge Pakistan Cement and Maple Leaf cement remained the top trading companies in Monday’s trading with 50,000, 50,000 and 22,000 shares respectively.

ber of Commerce Malaysia (DPMM) has urged the Malaysian entrepreneurs and businessmen to explore what it sees as “vast investment opportunities” in the surgical instruments, textile and leather sectors in Pakistan. “The Chamber foresees a huge investment potential in Pakistan for Malaysian entrepreneurs to be explored in some sectors such as textiles, surgical instruments and halal leather goods”, said DPMM Deputy President Datuk Mohammad Alayuddin Hassan in an interview with a Malaysian newspaper `Berita Harian’ after his return from Karachi where he attended the Expo Pakistan 2012 as part of a 57-member Malaysian delegation of businessmen and entrepreneurs.

Datuk Mohamad Alayuddin said Pakistani textile products seemed like a very relevant item to be brought into the Malaysian Market as they were of high quality and offered at a much lower price as compared to other textile-producing countries. “It is not just limited to one type of textile, but it also includes all other products including those for home use, hotel use and can also be bought in bulk”, he said. He suggested that Malaysian entrepreneurs take this opportunity to become agents for the sale of surgical instruments manufactured in Pakistan. “The manufactured equipment are of first class quality and are comparable to German products”, he said adding Pakistani companies had also agreed to establish a consortium which would soon appoint

representatives in Malaysia to supply surgical instruments manufactured in Pakistan to the rest of Southeast Asia. He said the Malay Chamber of Commerce Malaysia welcomed the selection of Malaysia as a hub for the surgical goods from Pakistan to be exported further eastward and the Chamber was looking forward to assisting and managing the related entrepreneurs in Malaysia. To a question, Datuk Mohammad Alayudding said the Pakistani leather goods industry also had good prospects to be brought into Malaysia as it was a value-added product and in terms of price, it was very cheap and of high quality but attention should be paid to the final outcome of each product.

Unilever celebrates handwashing in 100 countries AMANULLAH KHAN K ARACHI —Uniliver cel-

ebrated This year marks the fifth birthday of Global Handwashing Day in 100 countries today. The day cofounded by Unilever’s health soap brand Lifebuoy to raise awareness of handwashing with soap as a simple, but lifesaving habit. With little over three years to go until the deadline for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) including MDG 4 - to help reduce the mortality of children under five by two-thirds - Lifebuoy along with Idarae-Taleem-o-Aagahi (ITA) and The Citizen’s Foundation (TCF) are visiting schools and communities across Pakistan to create awareness on and focus on handwashing with soap as an intervention that can help save millions more lives. Over the past two years, Lifebuoy has successfully changed the handwashing behaviour of 48 million people globally – edging towards its goal to reach one billion people by 2015. With the support of Unilever, Lifebuoy aims to bring Global Handwashing Day to a wider audience and influence government policy, to make hygiene behaviour change education part of every school curricula. Lifebuoy Pakistan has been working relentlessly to inculcate the habit of handwashing in children for the last 3 years. Over 1 million children have been influenced directly through Lifebuoy’s programme, in collaboration with ITA. The program has been running in 11 Districts including cities like Karachi , Lahore , Islamabad , Rawalpindi , Peshawar , Quetta , Charsadda, Mardan, Swat, Muzaffargarh, Hyderabad and Shikarpur. “Everyone, even the public has a role to play in helping spread the habit of handwashing with soap. Lifebuoy is asking the people of Pakistan to support the cause by pledging to ‘help a child reach their fifth birthday’.

Labels, Barclays sign deal STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —LABELS Garments & Accessories (Pvt.) Ltd [“Labels”] and Barclays Bank Pakistan [“BBP”] have joined forces to promote the Pakistan retail fashion industry following the launch of Labels e-store. The partnership will make Pakistani fashion products more accessible to local and foreign customers. Barclays will provide electronic payment solutions to Labels, enabling clients to make purchases online, along with joint marketing programs and events. Signing ceremony was held on Monday, 8 October 2012 at Barclays Bank’s Head office in Karachi. Labels CEO Mr. Zahir Rahimtoola and Barclays CEO, Mr. Shazad Dada were present at the ceremony along with their respective teams. Speaking at the occasion, Shazad Dada said, “Consumers no longer shop from one channel. It is important that retailers respond by implementing an effective multichannel strategy, and by creating differentiated, customer-centric experiences. This joint marketing alliance with Labels demonstrates Barclays commitment to those who are niche enough to offer something different, unique and compelling to meet the ever changing customer behavior.”

ICAP holds CA graduation ceremony STAFF REPORTER

Mobilink, UNICEF celebrate ‘Global Handwashing Day 2012’ STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Mobilink

and UNICEF have joined hands to launch Global Handwashing Day across Pakistan. The initiative was launched at a local school, with participation by representatives of the Federal Ministry for Climate Change, UNICEF and Mobilink Torchbearers. Global Handwashing Day is a broad-based initiative to spreadhand wash hygiene-awareness, educate children on the proper technique of handwashing as well as reaffirm a commitment to proper hygiene.UNICEF is celebrating Global Handwashing Day 2012

across Pakistan by providing 250,000 children with handwashing soap as well as lessons to nearly half a million children on the benefits of handwashing. Mobilink will be sending out informational messages to its subscriber base to raise awareness. Mobilink Torchbearers will also participate in the school based activities to help spread awareness. This initiative is particularly important in light of the devastating floods in Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan, where many thousands of children remain susceptible to water-borne diseases in areas where water has still not receded.

Mehmood Alam, Secretary, Ministry of Climate Change highlighted, “Islam teaches us that cleanliness is half of Godliness. We can build good hygiene practices and habits on the solid rock of our basic values.” Omar Manzur, Head of Corporate Communications, Mobilink added, “Mobilink believes in nurturing healthy habits in the community as a part of our broader commitment to improve health care across Pakistan. We can make a significant difference by simply ensuring cleanliness and hygiene among the masses, with special emphasis on our children.”

Growers urged to pick clean cotton M ULTAN —Agriculture experts have advised cotton growers to move ahead with the cotton picking process carefully to ensure production of contamination-free and quality lint. The field is ready for picking when over 50 per cent bolls attain the shape of cotton flower and the process should start after 10 am after dew drops dry up and do not affect the colour of lint, says a release issued by the media liaison unit of Punjab agriculture department here

Monday. Cotton pickers should start picking Phutti from the bottom of the plant and move up gradually. The cotton (Phutti) be put on a clean and dry cotton cloth and be kept at a high and dry place packed in cotton cloth which are stitched with cotton thread only, it added. Duration between two cotton pickings should be fifteen to twenty days because a shorter duration can yield low quality lint. All kinds of contamination like

leaf, bolls and others should be removed to get clean cotton. Avoid making big heaps of Phutti. Phutti obtained from last picking should be kept separately because of its comparatively low quality, the release said. Growers should follow instructions to obtain clean cotton that can fetch a premium price to them and also ensure much wanted foreign exchange earnings through exports, it added.—APP

NHA discusses technical issues of ADB aided projects

STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —At an impres- ISLAMABAD—Chairman NaISLAMABAD: Chairman IPO Pakistan Hameed Ullah Jan Afridi talking to media at sive and colorful ceremony Energy Expo.

Trade relations with SAARC countries to be enhanced STAFF REPORTER RAWALPINDI—The Secretary

Ministry of Commerce Munir Qureshi has said that trade relations with SAARC countries will be enhanced on priority basis and solid measures will also be taken to endorse the trade relations with neighbouring countries. He said that Ministry appreciates Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (RCCI) for organizing 10 Single Country Exhibitions in a calendar year in SAARC Countries. “Government will facilitate RCCI for promoting local products in the world trade markets and business community will be taken on board in the policy making process in future”, he added. He was exchanging these

views with the President of Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (RCCI) Manzar Khurshid Sheikh at his office here on Monday. Senior Vice President Pervaiz Ahmed Warriach, Vice President Ch. Nadeem Rauf, members of executive committee Dr. Shimail Daud and Younas Dar were also present on the occasion. Munir Qureshi said that government appreciates the role of RCCI in strengthening the national economy and vowed that RCCI will be facilitated for promotion of business activities. He said that Ministry is making all out efforts to enhance trading activities with other countries of the world and private sector will also be cherished in this regard.

Speaking on the occasion President RCCI Manzar Khurshid Sheikh said that government must bring consistency in the policies and private sector should be taken on board in the policy making process. He said that RCCI is striving hard to endorse the local products in the international trade markets. “Government must facilitate the Chambers to improve the national economy of the country,” he added. He demanded of the government to facilitate the private sector and play its due role for the promotion of business activities within the country and outside. He said that government must support Chambers to organize Expos across the globe.

organized by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan at Pearl Continental Hotel, Examination Certificates were awarded to those students who had passed CA Final Examination held in summer 2012. Gold Medals and Certificate of Merits were also distributed to those students who had performed outstandingly in the Final & Foundation / Intermediate Examinations of Summer 2012. In his welcome address, Mr. Ahmad Saeed FCA, President ICAP, felicitated the newly qualified CAs and advised newly qualified CAs to be optimistic, positive and innovative in the changing and challenging corporate world. While addressing the gathering, Mr. Saad Amanullah Khan, Chief Executive Officer, Gillette Pakistan Ltd. underscored the need for adoption of a goal in life without which, he said, young CAs cannot achieve acme in their lives.

LSE up by 0.26 points STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Lahore Stock Ex-

change on Monday slightly up by gaining 0.26 points as the LSE-25 Index opened with 3949.07 and closed at 3,949.33 points. The market’s overall situation, however, did not correspond to an upward trend as it remained at 1.610 million shares to close against previous turnover of 2.681 million shares, showing a downward slide of 1.071 million shares. While, out of the total 113 active scrips, 29 moved up, LAHORE: Shell Pakistan Chairman and MD Omer Yaqoob Sheikh hosts dinner for 21 shed values and 63 remained equal. B2B customers at a local hotel.

tional Highway Authority Muhammad Javaid Iqbal Awan presided over a high level meeting in which national highway projects being undertaken with the cooperation of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) were reviewed. ADB Mission was led by transport specialist Dong Soo Pyo. Detailed discussions were made on technical issues of ADB Aided Projects. The meeting also discussed ways and means to solve such issues for earlier completion of the schemes. On this occasion, Muhammad Javaid Iqbal Awan commended the services of the ADB, for provid-

Chairman NHA Muhammad Javaid Iqbal Awan presiding over meeting with ADB mission headed by Dong Soo Pyo, Transport Specialist. ing financial assistance in that the ADB has approved national highway schemes. $170 million for National He desired to overcome the Trade Corridor Highway Inissues through mutual con- vestment Program Project -1 sultation so that projects under which 58km could be realized as per Faisalabad-Gojra section is schedule. being realised and $ 39 milThe meeting was told lion have been disbursed.

Agri Cooperatives role to be highlighted on ‘World Food Day’ STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—As in the other parts of the globe, the 34th World Food Day will be observed in Pakistan on Tuesday as the foundation day of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. This year the theme of the World Food Day is “Agricultural Cooperatives: key to feeding the world” in recognition of cooperatives’ role for improving food security and contributing to the eradication of hunger. The Day is observed to create awareness about latest research and technology for enhanced food production to combat hunger across the world. Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) Ministry of National Food Security and Research, in collaboration with Food and Agriculture Organization

(FAO) of the United Nations would celebrate the day at National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC) Islamabad. The Federal Minister for National Food Security and Research will be the Chief Guest on the occasion while among others the event would be participated by ambassadors, diplomats, representatives of donor agencies, dignitaries and government high officials Agriculture and food cooperatives are a major tool against poverty and hunger, but they could do much more, said PARC message on the eve of the day. Cooperatives are present in all countries and all sectors, including agriculture, food, finance, health care, marketing, insurance and credit, it added It is estimated that one billion individuals are members of cooperatives world-

wide, generating more than 100 million jobs around the world. In agriculture, forestry, fishing and livestock, members participate in production, profit-sharing, cost-saving, risk-sharing and income-generating activities, that lead to better bargaining power for members as buyers and sellers in the market place. It is time to strengthen these organizations and facilitate their expansion while creating a favourble business, legal, policy and social climate in which they can thrive, it added. In both developed and developing countries, there are examples of innovative producer organizations and cooperatives that have proven successful in helping small producers overcome different constraints. However, they too often remain limited in scale and scope.

US exports to rise one-third despite sanctions W ASHINGTON —U.S. ex- getting paid by Iranian im- producing medical isotopes. cases. ports to Iran rose by nearly a third this year, chiefly because of grain sales, according to U.S. data released last week, despite the tightening of U.S. financial sanctions. The jump to $199.5 million in the first eight months of 2012 from $150.8 million a year earlier, according to Census Bureau data, is surprising given Western efforts to isolate Iran economically because of its suspected pursuit of nuclear arms. The increase masks a drop in the export of some humanitarian goods such as medicines, a decline U.S. exporters blame largely on the difficulty of

porters because of new U.S. financial sanctions. But it also shows that goods such as milk products and medical equipment whose sale to Iran is allowed with a Treasury Department export license - continue to flow despite the sanctions and the payments difficulties. The United States, its European allies and other nations have imposed the sanctions to force Iran to halt its uranium enrichment program and address questions about its nuclear programs. Iran denies it is seeking nuclear arms and says its atomic program is solely for peaceful purposes such as generating electricity and

The economic penalties are one side of a twopronged policy that also includes talks to seek a diplomatic solution. But that has been somewhat overshadowed this year by the possibility of Israeli or U.S. military strikes on Iran’s nuclear facilities. The largest category of U.S. exports to Iran through August, 2012 was $89.2 million in sales of wheat and other grains. During the same 2011 period, the United States exported no wheat or such grains to Iran, though it sold $21 million of maize. Without the wheat sales, U.S. exports to Iran would have declined through August overall, sharply in some

Medicinal and pharmaceutical products, including those sold in bulk and those for animals, fell to $14.9 million from $26.7 million. Pulp and waste paper, a category that includes the raw material for diapers, sank to $17.4 million from $40.9 million. However, exports rose in several other categories. Sales of milk products including cream, butter and other fats and oils derived from dairy more than doubled to $20.3 million from $7.8 million. Medical, dental, surgical and other “electro-diagnostic apparatus” rose to $8 million from $4.7 million. Although Iran can still import such goods, U.S. companies have complained

for months that it is harder and harder to get paid because Iran’s big banks have been blacklisted by the U.S. Treasury for alleged support for terrorism or involvement in the its alleged weapons of mass destruction programs. While some Iranian banks are not blacklisted, these tend to be smaller institutions with limited access to foreign exchange. The possibility one of these might obtain hard currency from a blacklisted Iranian institution has spooked foreign banks, who fear that they might be accused of having “indirectly” dealt with a designated Iranian bank, sanctions lawyers say. As a result, groups ranging from religious-affiliated

non-profits to liberal members of Congress to the U.S. Dairy Export Council have argued for ensuring that the banking sanctions do not choke off humanitarian trade. “The Administration’s sanctions against Iran have created a de-facto humanitarian banking blockade,” said Kate Gould, legislative associate for Middle East policy at the Friends Committee on National Legislation. “The U.S. Treasury Department’s licenses for life-saving cancer treatment would be of no value to an Iranian patient who cannot access the licensed medication due to U.S. sanctions against financial institutions,” she added. Shawna Morris, vice

president for trade policy at the National Milk Producers Federation & U.S. Dairy Export Council, said her group has long supported a humanitarian exemption. “For the goals of that humanitarian exemption to be fulfilled, it must be clearly applied to not only the permission to sell the agricultural products covered by that exemption but also the related banking transactions needed to actually carry out the sale,” she said in an emailed response to questions about her group’s policy regarding humanitarian sales to Iran. A Western diplomat said U.S. policy is to target the Iranian government rather than the people with sanctions,

though he acknowledged that it is getting harder to make this case as the sanctions grow tighter. The diplomat said the West did not want to find itself faced with a situation like that of Iraq under Saddam Hussein, who publicized the scarcity of medicines as a result of sanctions to score propaganda victories against Western nations. “Iraq is not a good memory,” said the diplomat, who spoke on condition of anonymity. “Since we have these vivid memories of how Saddam Hussein used it, we are being very careful not to give them (the Iranians) this weapon to use against us”.—Reuters

Buddhist monks oppose Islamic office plan Historic Aleppo mosque burnt

BEIRUT—Syrian President Bashar Assad

ordered on Monday immediate repairs to a historic mosque in the city of Aleppo after fierce fighting between rebels and regime forces set parts of the compound on fire over the weekend. Government troops had been holed up inside the 13th century Umayyad mosque, a UNESCO World Heritage site, in downtown Aleppo for several months before rebels fighting to topple Assad launched a push to liberate it this week. Activist Mohammad al-Hassan said the army had been using the mosque as a base because of its strategic location in the center of the old city of Aleppo. Rebels and activists have complained that soldiers and progovernment militiamen wrote offensive graffiti on its walls and drank alcohol inside. But the regime and the rebels are now trading accusations over who is responsible for the fire at the mosque compound adjacent to Aleppo’s medieval citadel. Videos posted by activists online show a large fire and black smoke raging inside the mosque on Saturday, and later, its blackened, pockmarked walls. Debris is strewn on the floors where worshippers once prayed on green and gold carpeting. “Assad’s thugs set the mosque on fire as a punishment for being defeated by the Free Syrian Army,” the caption on the video read, referring to the rebels fighting to topple Assad. The government on Monday said it pushed back the rebels from the mosque after the weekend fighting, though activists are giving conflicting reports on who controls it. In another video, a rebel inside the mosque holds up a torn copy of the Muslim holy book, or Quran, saying: “These are our Qurans, this is our religion, our history.”—AP

Y ANGON —Thousands of tests or had been planned in nized as citizens by Myanmar. strongly rejected. Buddhist monks marched in Myanmar’s two biggest cities on Monday to protest against efforts by the world’s biggest Islamic body to help Rohingya Muslims involved in deadly communal clashes four months ago. The monks, a potent political force in the predominantly Buddhist country, denounced plans by the 57-member Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to set up a liaison office in northwest Rakhine state, where violence erupted in June between ethnic Buddhist Rakhines and Rohingyas. Just hours after the monks dispersed, President Thein Sein’s office announced it would not permit an OIC representation in Myanmar. It was not immediately clear if the announcement was linked to the pro-

advance. “The government will not allow the opening of an OIC office as it is not in accordance with the desire of people,” said a statement posted on its website. The monks were joined by ordinary citizens in Yangon and Mandalay. Some carried placards with the words “get out OIC”, and “no OIC” and said they would hold demonstrations until the government agreed to their demands. Despite being one of Asia’s most ethnically diverse countries, there is entrenched ill-feeling in Myanmar towards the estimated 800,000 Rohingyas, most of whom live in abject conditions. Accused of being illegal immigrants and usually referred to as Bengalis because of their South Asian origin, the Rohingyas are not recog-

“The OIC is only for Bengalis, not for us,” said monk Pyin Nyar Nanda at one of the rallies. Anger and fear still smoulder between Rohingyas and ethnic Rakhine Buddhists after the spree of arson and machete attacks that killed at least 77 people and displaced tens of thousands. A delegation from the OIC visited Rakhine state last month after several Muslim countries voiced concern about the welfare of the Rohingyas, whom the United Nations has described as “virtually friendless”. In a report in August, the New Yorkbased Human Rights Watch said it had found evidence of “state-sponsored persecution and discrimination” against the Rohingyas in the weeks after the violence, claims that the government

While all sides of the political spectrum have called for calm, the issue has become a hot political issue for Nobel laureate and lawmaker Aung San Suu Kyi. She has faced international criticism for failing to speak out in defense of the Rohingyas, who are denied the same rights as Burmese. During the trouble, many Rohingyas tried to flee in rickety boats to neighboring Bangladesh, which also refuses to recognize them. Most were turned back by security forces. The government had earlier indicated it would consider allowing the OIC to open a temporary office in the Rakhine capital, Sittwe, where aid groups and journalists say the two communities remain deeply divided.—Reuters

Portuguese PM defiant

L ISBON —Bracing for street protests

around the Lisbon parliament that will greet a tax-grabbing 2013 budget, Portugal’s prime minister vowed on Monday to stay the course of austerity despite political damage it is doing to his party. After his Socialist opponents swept a regional election at the weekend, conservative Pedro Passos Coelho said he would not flinch from a strategy that is hailed as exemplary by EU leaders who bailed Portugal out last year but has strained the patience of voters who took to the streets in frustration last month. “Despite the bad moments the party is going through in national terms, regional elections will certainly not compromise the national strategy,” Passos Coelho said after his Social Democrats trailed badly in Sunday’s voting in the Azores. A large protest is expected outside parliament around that time as many Portuguese demonstrate that their stoic acceptance of austerity, once much admired abroad, has turned to anger. With the country suffering its worst recession since the 1970s, the 2013 budget is set to introduce sharp income tax hikes, which could amount to up to two or three months’ wages for middle-income workers, to ensure the country meets its budget goals under the bailout. Gaspar has described the tax increases as “enormous”. Some economists say that the measures, which will also include pension cuts, a financial transaction tax and higher property taxes, could push Portugal into a recessive spiral like Greece, further undermining Europe’s German-inspired austerity drive for the euro’s highly indebted countries.—Reuters

Merkel defends cabinet ally

B ERLIN —Chancellor Angela Merkel

gave guarded support on Monday to a close cabinet ally facing calls to resign over allegations of plagiarism, charges that are similar to accusations that brought down her defence minister and heir-apparent last year. Merkel said she had confidence in Education Minister Annette Schavan after Der Spiegel magazine reported that a University of Duesseldorf examination of her 1980 doctoral thesis concluded parts were plagiarised and recommended taking away her PhD. Schavan, a member of Merkel’s conservative Christian Democrats (CDU), has denied the charges. She was among the first to condemn then-Defence Minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg for plagiarising his PhD thesis, calling it “shameful”. He later resigned in disgrace, a mid-term setback to Merkel’s government. The charges against Schavan, 57, are more troublesome for Merkel in part because they come one year before the next election and also because, as education minister, Schavan’s credibility is directly on the line with the now-hot button issue of plagiarism. “I have full confidence in the minister,” Merkel told a news conference, using language sounding less robust than she used to defend Guttenberg. “She has said she’ll have a statement for the university. The university will then have to decide what to do.”—Reuters.

Putin foes facing polls snags

MOSCOW—Russian regional elections

have tightened Vladimir Putin’s grip on power and underlined opposition failure to build street protest into an effective challenge at the start of the president’s six-year term. Ten months ago, suspicions that fraud propelled Putin’s ruling United Russia party to victory in a parliamentary election brought tens of thousands of people into the streets of Moscow for the biggest protests of his 12 years in power. As United Russia celebrated victory on Monday in local and regional elections that its foes alleged were just as dirty as the December vote, one opposition leader tweeted that nationwide protests were imminent. “The authorities leave the people no choice!” opposition lawmaker and protest leader Dmitry Gudkov wrote on Twitter. The tweet sounded more like a plea than a prediction. There was no sign of such a spontaneous outburst. “There is clearly no potential for any repetition of what happened in December, when people went into the streets saying they didn’t believe the election results,” said political analyst Pavel Salin. “This is out of the question now.” The opposition’s limited reach was underlined by the elections on Sunday, which protest leaders had held out just a few months ago as a key step in eroding Putin’s hold on power. United Russia won all five governorships at stake in the first elections of regional leaders since Putin scrapped them in favor of appointees during his initial 2000-2008 presidency.—Reuters

Cameron signs Scottish vote deal

EDINBURGH—Britain’s Prime Minister

David Cameron signed a deal Monday with the leader of Scotland’s separatist administration on a referendum that could break up the United Kingdom. Officials from London and Edinburgh have been meeting for weeks to hammer out details of a vote on Scottish independence. Sticking points included the date and the wording of the question. Cameron met Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond in Edinburgh to approve the deal, calling for a referendum before the end of 2014. Cameron and other pro-union politicians had pressed f r the vote to be held earlier than 2014, because opinion polls show that only between a quarter and a third of Scots currently favor leaving the union. Both sides claim they are confident of victory in the vote that will decide the constitutional future of the United Kingdom.—Reuters

2 Americans win Nobel economics prize S T O C K H O L M —Americans has generated a flourishing Alvin Roth and Lloyd Shapley were awarded the Nobel economics prize on Monday for research that helps explain the market processes at work when doctors are assigned to hospitals, students to schools and human organs for transplant to recipients. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences cited the two economists for “the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design.” Roth, 60, is a professor at Harvard University in Boston. Shapley, 89, is a professor emeritus at University of California Los Angeles. “This year’s prize concerns a central economic problem: how to match different agents as well as possible,” the academy said. Shapley made early theoretical contributions to the field of study, and Roth took it further by applying it to the market for U.S. doctors. “Even though these two researchers worked independently of one another, the combination of Shapley’s basic theory and Roth’s empirical investigations, experiments and practical design

field of research and improved the performance of many markets,” the academy said. The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences was the last of the 2012 Nobel awards to be announced. It’s not technically a Nobel Prize, because unlike the five other awards it wasn’t established in the will of Alfred Nobel, a Swedish industrialist also known for inventing dynamite. The economics prize was created by the Swedish central bank in Nobel’s memory in 1968, and has been handed out with the other prizes ever since. Each award is worth 8 million Swedish kronor, or about $1.2 million. Last year ’s economics prize went to U.S. economists Thomas Sargent and Christopher Sims for describing the cause-and-effect relationship between the economy and government policy. The 2012 Nobel Prizes in medicine, physics chemistry and literature and the Nobel Peace Prize were announced last week. All awards will be handed out on Dec. 10, the anniversary of Nobel’s death in 1896.—AP

Moon rocks, chunks of Mars auctioned in NY

A taxi drives past a damaged building in al Katerji Tariq district in Aleppo city in northern Syria

Turkey closes airspace to Syrian planes B EIRUT —Turkey

has banned all Syrian aircraft from its air space as it takes an increasingly firm stance against President Bashar al-Assad, while Syrian rebels said on Sunday they had made more gains in a key province near the Turkish border. Human Rights Watch said Syrian government forces had dropped Russian-made cluster bombs over civilian areas in the past week as they battled to reverse rebel advances, an act which rights groups say can constitute a war crime. Nato-member Turkey has increasingly taken on a leadership role in the international coalition ranked against Assad. Turkish confrontation with Syria increased in the past two weeks because of cross-border shelling and escalated on October 10 when Ankara forced down a Syrian airliner en route from Moscow,

accusing it of carrying Russian munitions for Assad’s military. Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said on Sunday Turkish air space had been closed to Syrian planes. Syria banned Turkish planes from flying over its territory on Saturday. We made a new decision yesterday and informed Syria. We closed our air space to civilian Syrian flights as well as military flights,” Davutoglu said. Russia has said there were no weapons on the ground plane and that it was carrying a legal cargo of radar. But it moved to cool friction with Ankara - Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said the incident would not hurt “solid” relations. The bloodshed inside Syria has worsened markedly in the past two months although neither side has been able to gain a distinct

advantage. Combat has been reported nationwide but the crucial strategic battles are being fought in an arc through western Syria, where most of the population lives. Rebels surrounded an army garrison on Sunday near a northwestern town, in the latest push to seize more territory near the border with Turkey, opposition activists said. Rebels also posted video on the Internet purportedly showing a fighter jet they had shot down in the area the previous day. Several hundred soldiers were trapped in the siege of a base in Urum al-Sughra, on the main road between the contested city of Aleppo, Syria’s commercial and industrial hub, and Turkey. “Rebels attacked an armored column sent from Aleppo to rescue the 46th Regiment at Urum al-Sughra and stopped it in its tracks,” Firas Fuleifel.—Reuters

200 Muslim rebels reach Manila to sign peace pact M ANILA —Worn down by Aquino, Malaysian Prime lic in past years. Aquino met decades of fighting and failed peace agreements, Muslim rebel leaders were euphoric but cautious Monday before they sign a preliminary peace pact with the Philippine government aimed at ending one of Asia’s longest-running insurgencies. The agreement is the first major step toward a final settlement that grants minority Muslims in the southern Philippines broad autonomy in exchange for ending the violence that has killed tens of thousands of people and crippled development. Many of the rebel leaders interviewed said a lot of work lies ahead in convincing Filipino Muslims to accept a new administrative region. A product of 15 years of negotiations facilitated by neighbouring Malaysia, which wants stability on its doorstep, the agreement sets in motion a roadmap to a final document that the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and Philippine President Benigno Aquino III’s government plan to clinch before his sixyear terms ends in 2016. The signing will be witnessed by

Minister Najib Razak and rebel chairman Al Haj Murad Ebrahim, who will set foot for the first time in Manila’s Malacanang presidential palace, where officials prepared a red-carpet welcome. “That first step alone signifies a giant leap in the relations between the two sides,” said the presidential adviser for the peace process, Teresita Deles. Michael Mastura, a member of the rebel negotiating team, likened Monday’s agreement to a takeoff. “But then we have to fly, reach a plateau, and move on.” Sonny Davao, deputy chief of the rebel army, said guerrilla commanders were ready to shift from armed struggle to helping build a new Muslim-administered region. “We have to transform ourselves because we have responsibilities and obligations to our people and to Islam,” said Davao, who shed his camouflage uniform for a dark coat with tie for the signing ceremony. “We are one in supporting the decision of our entire leadership.” Murad has seldom appeared in pub-

Murad secretly in Tokyo for the first time last year to underscore their commitment to settle the rebellion. About 300 Muslims from Manila and southern provinces held a noisy rally outside the palace on Sunday in support of the preliminary accord, yelling “Allahu Akbar,” or “God is great.” They called for more development in the resourcerich but impoverished southern Mindanao region, the homeland of minority Muslims in the predominantly Roman Catholic nation. Security has been tightened in the capital, although no disruptions were expected. The agreement is to be signed by government negotiator Marvic Leonen and his rebel counterpart, Mohagher Iqbal. It outlines general agreements on major issues, including the extent of power, revenues and territory of a new Muslim autonomous region to be called Bangsa moro. It calls for the establishment of a 15-member Transition Commission to draft a law creating the new Muslim-administered region.—Reuters

Sudan army, rebels clash in oil border state KHARTOUM—Clashes

erupted between Sudan’s army and rebels in the oil-producing state of South Kord ofan, both sides said on Monday, a week after the insurgents shelled the state capital near the border with South Sudan. The fighting, which has been rumbling since June last year, has forced more than half a million people to flee and stoked tensions between Sudan and South Sudan, former enemies in a civil war that was fuelled by oil, ethnicity and religion. Khartoum accuses South Sudan of backing the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLMNorth), charges dismissed by the South’s government. Sudanese army spokesman Al-Sawarmi Khalid said the army had killed 15 rebels near South Kordofan’s main city Kadugli on Sunday. “Many rebels were also wounded,” he said. The army also repelled an SLPM-North attack near the villages of Annagarko and Hgerjawad villages on Friday, he added. SPLM-North confirmed fighting took place near Annagarko and Hgerjawad and said 20 soldiers were wounded. The rebel force also said it clashed with the army further along the border in Surkum in Blue Nile state on Monday, but the army denied the report. The armies of Sudan and South Sudan have also clashed across the border since the South declared independence in July last year, under the terms of the 2005 peace deal that ended their civil war. The two countries agreed to set up a buffer zone along the border last month after coming under international pressure to end the violence. But there has been scant progress in parallel indirect talks between Khartoum and SPLM-North, which fought as part of the southern rebel army during the civil war. SPLM-North, which accuses the government of marginalising large parts of South Kordofan and other border areas, has formed an alliance with other rebel groups to try and topple the country’s veteran President Omar Hassan al-Bashir.—Reuters

N EW Y ORK —Meteorites from Mars and the biggest piece of the Moon ever offered for sale went on the block in New York in what organisers billed as history’s largest meteorite auction, which brought in over $1 million. More than 125 meteorites were offered in the private sale, from gray pockmarked lumps of iron to highly polished slabs glittering with extraterrestrial gems. But many of the big-ticket items, estimated to sell for $50,000 or more, did not find buyers. The most expensive items on offer were four pounds (1.8 kg) of Moon rock that were once embedded on the dark side of the Moon before an asteroid sent them hurling into space. They sold for $330,000 after the auction’s end. The rocks went for $10,000 less than the low-end, pre-sale estimate, organisers said. The most hotly contested lot was a slice of the Seymchan meteorite, pieces of which were found in Siberia in the 1960s. The 9-inchtall (23-cm-tall) slice, embedded with olivine crystals, went for $43,750, about 12 times its estimated sale price. Items that failed to sell included a large fragment of

the Tissint meteorite of Martian origin that fell in Morocco last year, and an iron meteorite resembling a howling face that was found in the Kalahari Desert in southern Africa. It was valued at $175,000 to $225,000. Meteorites are priced for their size, rarity, beauty and provenance. Some items sold for as little as a few hundred dollars. “We wanted to make certain there’s something for everyone. We want to be egalitarian when we’re offering outer space,” said Darryl Pitt, the meteorite consultant for Heritage Auctions, which conducted the sale. Buyers are typically willing to pay more for bits of rock or iron known to have originated on the Moon or Mars. Lunar meteorites are particularly rare, he said, with only about 135 pounds (61.2 kg) of the rock known to exist on Earth. “It is the oldest material mankind can touch, the raw ingredients of the planets,” Pitt said in describing the appeal of collecting meteorites. One buyer, who asked not to be named, spent tens of thousands of dollars in several successful bids, including one for a Martian meteorite.—Reuters

Egypt probes military rulers for protest deaths CAIRO—Egypt is launching

a civilian investigation of the country’s former military rulers for their alleged role in the killing of protesters during their 18 months in power, a court official and the state news agency reported Monday. International and local rights groups have pressed Egypt’s newly elected president and other authorities to probe the council of military officers who ruled the country from the February 2011 overthrow of Hosni Mubarak to this summer. At least 120 protesters died in clashes with security forces and soldiers during this time. It is unprecedented for civilians to probe officers, normally protected from oversight by anyone outside the military. Rights groups say that this has given the army a sense of impunity. The court official said that an investigative judge, Tharwat Hamad, was assigned to look into accusations against Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi and other members of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to reporters. Lawyers say that Hamad had also presided over the investigation into the killing of 26 Coptic Christian protesters and a soldier in October 2011. It is not clear how far the investigative judge will be able to press the probe, or summon the generals for questioning. SCAF passed a law before giving up power that protects them from civilian investigation even after they are out of service.

Lawyers say the investigator might be able to find a legal way around the ban — for example, summoning the generals in their capacity as political leaders at the time — or might refer the case to a military prosecutor. Egyptians have filed over 100 complaints with the country’s prosecutors against the military rulers, including Tantawi, his No.2 Lt. Gen. Sami Anan, and other military generals, who were sitting on the military council in charge of running the country since February 2011. The generals handed over power to the country’s first elected civilian president at the end of June. But the transitional period was marred by violent clashes with protesters who accused the generals of mismanaging the country, or doubted their intent to step down. Council members did not address accusations of killing protesters, while military officials frequently accused protesters of attacking troops. It was not immediately possible to contact any of the now-retired generals. Newly elected President Mohammed Morsi after taking office quickly moved to cement his authority over the generals, cancelling a SCAF decree that granted the military powers that undercut his own. He has promised the protesters’ families that he would mete out justice against those responsible for the killings. Weeks after he took office, he retired Tantawi and Anan from active military service, replacing them with a new defense minister.—Reuters

Boxing: Donaire stops Nishioka, Rios rocks Alvarado C ARSON (Calif)—Nonito Donaire knew he had nearly an impossible act to follow. Right before he took the ring, Brandon Rios and Mike Alvarado brawled through arguably the most sensational fight of the year. Donaire did his best to provide his own thrills, and he eventually finished off another tough opponent on an impressive list. Donaire stopped Toshiaki Nishioka at 1:54 of the ninth round Sunday night, defending his WBO 122-pound title with a dominant performance in his 29th straight victory. But fans at the sold-out Home Depot Center booed much of the champion’s win because of what happened right before it. Rios stopped Alvarado in the seventh round of a sensational 140-pound bout in the co-main event. Both previously unbeaten fighters absorbed enormous punishment and rallied tenaciously in a fight compared to AliFrazier, Hagler-Hearns and Corrales-Castillo by promoter Bob Arum. ‘’This really exceeded what I thought,’’ Arum said. ‘’These two guys stood in the center of the ring. They didn’t clinch once. They

threw every punch they had at each other, and until one guy went down and the referee stopped the fight, you didn’t know who was going to win. That was a really classic, great fight.’’ Donaire (30-1, 19 KOs) was less thrilling but more dominant, patiently waiting for openings against Nishioka (39-5-3) before knocking down the Japanese veteran in the sixth despite hurting his left hand during the bout, opening a huge cut on his knuckle. Donaire, the Filipinoborn champion raised in California’s Bay Area, then put him down again with a vicious right hand in the ninth, and referee Raul Caiz stopped it after Donaire landed an uppercut moments later. Nishioka had won 16 straight fights since March 2004 including a win over Rafael Marquez last year, but couldn’t keep up with Donaire’s combination of power and tactical skill. ‘’I was just playing possum to see what he’ll do,’’ Donaire said. ‘’I wanted to open him up and time the jab, and that’s exactly what happened.’’ Nishioka threw just eight punches in the first round. Donaire attempted to force the action with little success

until the sixth, when he landed a left uppercut, followed by a right hand and another uppercut that put Nishioka on the canvas. ‘’When you do engage, you open up yourself,’’ Donaire said. ‘’Nonito is a surgeon. I can pick them apart, and then the demolition comes later.’’ Donaire, who also held the IBF version of the 122pound title before vacating it this week, was upstaged by Rios and Alvarado in a fight that thoroughly lived up to its hype. Rios (31-0-1, 22 KOs) and Alvarado put on a show for the packed arena, trading hundreds of big shots and largely ignoring defense. Both fighters are known as heavy-handed brawlers, and both stayed on their feet during 6 1/2 rounds of bombardment, starting with a frenetic first round in which both fighters landed numerous devastating blows. The left side of Alvarado’s face began to swell, and Rios took damage all over his face. Rios, the Kansas-raised former lightweight champion, ate dozens of powerful shots from the Denver-based Alvarado (33-1) in the fifth and sixth rounds. Alvarado threw 147

Watson ends Britain’s WTA title wait in Osaka

T OKYO —Heather Watson cently,” added Watson, in- that.” became the first Briton to win a WTA singles title in 24 years after she fought back from match point down to beat Taiwan’s Chang Kaichen 7-5 5-7 7-6 in the final of the Japan Open. The British number two succeeded where Laura Robson had failed in Guangzhou last month to become the country’s first winner on the women’s tour since Sara Gomer in 1988. “It’s just starting to sink in,” Watson told reporters after a thrilling final in Osaka. “I’ve worked so hard for this moment. That’s why I practiced so hard, ran all those miles, lifted all those weights - for moments like this. “Britain has been breaking quite a few records re-

spired by Andy Murray’s U.S. Open victory last month that ended a 76-year wait for a British grand slam men’s singles winner. “I’m happy I could break another one today. I’m proud to do this for my country.” The Bollettieri-trained Watson did it the hard way, surviving four match points at 5-4 down in the third set. Watson, ranked 71 in the world, came through a nervy tiebreak 7-4 to finally see off her 134th-ranked opponent in a tense end to the final of the $220,000 hardcourt event. “I was already thinking how I was going to cry in the locker room,” said Watson on facing those match points. “I’m really proud of myself for getting through

Before Robson and Watson the last Briton to reach a WTA final was Jo Durie at Newport in 1990 before either player was born. Watson had demonstrated her potential by pushing French Open champion Maria Sharapova to three sets in Tokyo last month, the Russian tipping her to be a future winner. The 20-year-old from Guernsey, the 2009 U.S. Open girls’ champion, had never previously gone beyond the quarter-finals of a WTA event. Chang, bidding to become the third player from Taiwan to capture a WTA title, had stunned top seed and former U.S. Open champion Sam Stosur in the Osaka semi-finals.—AFP

punches in the fifth round alone - but Rios abruptly landed a devastating overhand right that rendered his opponent defenseless in the seventh. Alvarado took several additional shots before referee Pat Russell stepped in with Alvarado backed against the ropes. ‘’It was a really tough fight, but I could have gone a little longer,’’ Rios said. ‘’He tested my chin, and I handled it. I am a warrior. He didn’t hurt me. He got me a little stunned, but I was ready to go on.’’ Alvarado threw 238 more punches than Rios, but the winner connected with a much larger percentage of total blows. Rios landed 33 percent of his 440 power punches, while Alvarado connected with 31 percent. Alvarado thought Russell had stopped the fight too early, but complimented Rios’ toughness. ‘’He shook me up a little bit, but I could have kept fighting,’’ Alvarado said. Arum had said the winner of this bout would be considered as Manny Pacquiao’s next opponent, but both Rios and Alvarado said they were open to a rematch.—AP

Risalpur advance in Rab Nawaz Shaheed Memorial Soccer P ESHAWAR —Risalpur club Nowshera advanced to next round after defeating Haji club Peshawar by 6-5 on penalty shootout battle in the ongoing Rab Nawaz Shaheed Memorial Football Tournament being played at historical Tehmas Khan Football Stadium on Monday. Both Risalpur club Nowshera and Haji club Peshawar played a goal-less first-half despite they have many goal scoring chances. After the first session both played a good second-half by making some fine moves as a result it was Risalpur opened their account through Haris Shah on the field attempt. After taking lead, Risalpur club Nowshera put in more pressure to double the lead but they were failed. After conceding a goal, Haji club Peshawar managed their position and made attacking moves. It was 66th minute when Haji club Peshawar found the equalizer through Luqman Khan on the field attempt.

Two matches decided in T-20 Veteran cricket tournament L AHORE —Two

matches were decided in Amar Cables T-20 Veteran Cricket Tournament here on Monday at two different venues. In the first match, SPM Stags beat Khayaban-eAmeen by 5 wickets at Ali Garh cricket ground. Summarized scores, Khayaban-e-Ameen batted first 138/8 in 20 overs. Faisal Peerzada 29, Ashfaq Heera 23, Sajid Anwar 19, Ameer Ali 18 runs & Fayyaz Butt 13 runs not out. SPM Stags bowling Imtiaz Tarar 4/20, Rehan Rouf 2/34 & Khawaja Naseer-ud-din 1/11 wickets. In reply SPM Stags answered with139/5 in 18.1 overs. Shakeel Malik 44 runs not out, Imtiaz Tarar 38 & Zahoor Ilahi 14 runs. Khayaban-e-Ameen bowling Bilal Rana 2/27, Faisal Mehmood 1/18, Ameer Ali 1/ 19 & Hafiz Bilal 1/24 wickets. Rana Sohail Manzoor and Sagheer Ahmad were umOSAKA: Heather Watson of Britain celebrates after winning women’s final match pires & Syed Najam-ul-syed was the scorer.—APP against Chang Kai-Chen of Taiwan at Japan Women’s Open tennis tournament.

CALIFORNIA: Nonito Donaire of Philippines punches Toshioka Nishioka of Japan during the WBO Super Bantamweight Title fight at The Home Depot Centre in Carson.

Kamran Akmal to lead Pakistan in Super Sixes L AHORE —Pakistan on Monday named wicketkeeper-batsman Kamran Akmal to lead the side’s defence of the Hong Kong Super Sixes title later this month. Pakistan face arch-rivals India, Sri Lanka and the Netherlands in Pool B of the eight-team tournament, with Australia, England, South Africa and Hong Kong in Pool A. Pakistan beat England in last year’s final to secure their fifth title in the tournament, first staged in 1992. The event will be held on October 27 and 28. The teams consist of six players with one player as substitute. Squad: Kamran Akmal (captain), Umar Akmal, Owais Zia, Hammad Azam, Yasir Shah, Junaid Khan, Tanveer Ahmed.—APP

Razzaq submits reply to show cause notice of PCB L AHORE —All

rounder Abdul Razzaq has submitted his written reply to the show cause notice served to him by the Pakistan Cricket Board for his outburst against Pakistan captain Mohammad Hafeez after the T-20 World Cup. Razzaq, who was not selected in Pak team for its most important match of the event , the semi final in Lanka recently , blamed Hafeez for his ouster from the side by saying, it was his (Hafeez’s) own decision to side line me and no other was involved in it as the skipper did not want him in the side for the semi final. Razzaq in his reply saide that what ever he said did not mean to focus any one special nor to hurt some ones feelings. “I respect Hafeez as a captain and as a friend and what I said was in the heat of the moment as my team failed to qualify for the semi final,”

said the all rounder in his reply. Razzaq broke PCB’s players code of conduct by speaking to the media without getting Board’s permis-

sion. PCB is showing zero tolerance against such incidents in which players are going to media without prior permission from the Board.

“I did not mean to hurt some one and it was really a bad feeling to see my side losing from outside (not being part of the team),” said the all rounder who in his reply has assured the PCB regarding not happening of an such an act on his part in future. He said he played only one game of the Cup which was also a frustration for him and he could not control his emotions after his team’s defeat in the semi final and criticized the captain on his return. He also wrote in the reply that Pak team was capable of winning the Cup and the semi final. The reply submitted by Razzaq clearly shows that it has been drafted by the legal experts as in the end (reply) he has said that his aim was not to create a controversy . “I assure the PCB that I will be very careful in future and will not be involved any such matter. “—APP

Champions League T20

Watson ordered home to prepare for Tests S YDNEY —Shane Watson’s special case status has been underlined by Cricket Australia’s decision to unilaterally withdraw him from the latter stages of the Champions League Twenty20 in South Africa. Nonetheless, Australia’s Test captain Michael Clarke has reminded Watson that he is not indispensable by bluntly pointing out that last summer’s 4-0 defeat of India was achieved without him. The conflicting demands of the 21st century game were writ large across CA’s season launch in Sydney on Monday, as Test match notables including Watson, Ben Hilfenhaus, Pat Cummins and Mitchell Starc were conspicuous by their absence due to the CLT20 in South Africa. Watson’s early return from the event in order to prepare for the home Tests against South Africa had been whispered about for some days, before being confirmed amid a flurry of conversations around the launch. Having taken part in the Sydney Sixers’ opening victory over Chennai Super Kings in Johannesburg, Watson will play two more matches against Yorkshire and Lions before flying home ahead of the Sixers’ final group game against Mumbai. He will then spend time resting and then training with the game’s longest form in mind, with possible warm-up matches in the Futures League and Sydney grade competition in late October. Watson will likely have one first-class fixture before

the first Test. There is an Australia A tour match against the South Africans from November 2-4 in Sydney, and a Sheffield Shield game for New South Wales in Brisbane from November 2-5, though that fixture may be moved forward

tells us is that we need to monitor him and manage him very carefully and we are. “I don’t know the specifics but the priority will be for him to get himself right as possible. That’s one, to give him a little bit of a break,

depending on the Sixers’ fortunes in the CLT20. “We are reviewing his load and circumstance very closely ... I think it’s reasonably well known that it’s likely he won’t see the tournament out,” CA chief executive James Sutherland said. “We’re concerned about Shane. His injury record is unfortunate and what that

then give him a little bit of therapy and whatever else he needs. But then also to really focus on getting him right to play Test cricket which he hasn’t played for a long time - which most of our players haven’t played for a long time ... give him the opportunity to play a Shield game and at least play with the red ball.”

Watson broke down with a hamstring injury in November last year during a Test tour of South Africa, and his subsequent recovery took so long - setback by a calf complaint - that he did not play in any of the home Tests against New Zealand and India. Clarke said that while he wanted to avoid a repeat scenario this summer, he said Watson had to be performing strongly to keep his spot in the Test team, irrespective of his feats during the World Twenty20 in Sri Lanka. “Watto didn’t play one Test last summer, so we don’t want that to happen again, we want to manage him as well as we can, but in saying that Watto’s no different to any other player, he’s got to be performing to be picked in that team,” Clarke said. “We beat India 4-0 without him last summer, he is a big player for Australian cricket, but he needs to be performing.” Stuart Clark, the Sixers’ general manager, expressed his frustration at the decision. ‘’We’re disappointed by it all. They want Shane to prepare for Test cricket. I understand those reasons I just wish someone had told me this 15 months ago,’’ Clark told The Sydney Morning Herald. ‘’Cricket Australia made it very evident when we said what are the value in Australian players [to us]? They said they can play cricket in the Champions League. That was obviously not conveyed to the high-performance team who don’t give two hoots about the Champions League.’’—AP

Can a few cherries a day keep gout away?


HERRIES may no longer be just for topping off ice-cream sundaes - a U.S. study of people with gout linked eat ing the fruit with a 35 percent to 75 percent lower risk of having an attack. Doctors have reported that some patients recommend cherries to prevent gout attacks, but the connection has only been studied a few times before, said lead researcher Yuqing Zhang, a professor at the Boston University School of Medicine. “These findings suggest that cherry intake is associated with a lower risk of gout attacks,” Zhang and colleagues wrote in the journal Arthritis & Rheumatism. But Zhang warned that the study does not prove that cherries alone prevent gout attacks, and that patients should stick with their present gout medications. “They can go out and eat the cherries, but they shouldn’t abandon their medical treatment at all,” Zhang added. Gout arises with uric acid crystals build up in the joints. The body produces uric acid when it breaks down purines - substances found naturally in the body but also in certain foods, like organ meats, anchovies, mushrooms and some seafoods. For the study, Zhang and his colleagues recruited patients over the Internet to take online surveys about their attacks. All the 633 participants had had a gout attack in the last 12 months, had been diagnosed with gout by a doctor, lived in the United States and were at least 18 years old. They also had to release their medical records to the research-

ers. For the next year, the patients filled out surveys every time they had an attack. The survey asked about symptoms, the drugs used in treatment and about certain risk factors, including what they had eaten. The patients also took similar surveys at the beginning of the study, and every three months when it was underway. Of the 633 patients, 224 said they had eaten fresh cherries during the year, 15 said they had consumed cherry extract and 33 had both. During the year, the researchers collected information on 1,247 gout attacks, which works out to about two per patient. Overall, the researchers found that eating cherries over a given two-day period was linked to a 35 percent decrease in the risk of having a gout attack during that period, compared to not eating cherries. Consuming cherry extract was tied to a 45 percent risk reduction, and eating both fresh cherries and extract was tied to a 37 percent lower risk. The biggest reduction, though, came with eating fresh cherries while taking the anti-gout medication allpurinol (Lopurin, Zyloprim.) That combination was linked to a 75 percent reduction in risk. Researchers say there are a few possible reasons. One is that vitamin C, which is found in cherries, can influence the amount of uric acid in a person’s blood, according to Allan Gelber, who co-wrote an editorial accompanying the study.

KARACHI: Security personnel standing alert outside the office of DHA after reports of presence of a bomb, which later proved to be a hoax.

Nationalists observe mourning day against LB system, 70 arrested KARACHI—Sindh nationalist

party on Monday observed mourning day against the local government act 2012. Partial shutter down strike against People’s Local Government Act-2012 was observed in Sindh on the call of nationalist party as business centers, markets and shops remained closed in some of the towns of the province. Tando Muhammad Khan and some other towns across the province had observed day of mourning by keeping the shops closed, while the traffic on the roads were also seen thin. Examination papers of MA, MBA, BSc scheduled for Monday were also postponed in Matiari due to strike. Meanwhile, the government arrested over 70 workers during crackdown while chief of Sindh Tehreek Safdar Sarki has been kept under house arrest.—INP

KARACHI: Students of Sindh Madrassah Science College demonstrating against the shifting of college building.

Tributes paid to Shabbir Ahmed Qureshi on retirement

K ARACHI — Dr Muhammad staffer,he/she spends longest runs NED University in the age AH Shaikh, Vice Chancellor of Sindh Madressatul Islam University (SMIU), has said that Shabbir Ahmed Qureshi honestly and dedicatedly served Sindh Madressatul Islam as the best teacher for 35 years. Speaking at the farewell party organized by SMIU in the honour of Shabbir Ahmed Qureshi, who retired from service on Monday, while serving on the post of the Principal of SMI Model School (Boys), Dr. Mohammad Ali Shaikh said it is a unique aspect of SMI that if a person once enters in its corridors as its

Labour department to promote gender equality

period of life over here. Citing an example in this respect he said Thomas Henry Vince, a European, joined SMI as its principal in 1903 by leaving Aligarh College, then he served it for 19 years. Similarly Shabbir Ahmed Qureshi rendered his services at SMI for a longest period of 35 years. Dr Shaikh said nations of the world extend more respect and regard toward their teachers. He was of the view that a teacher never retires from his/ her teaching service. The Vice chancellor maintained that Engineer Abul Kalam successfully

K ARACHI — Ashraf

Ali Jumani, Assistant Executive Engineer (Mechanical) (BPS17), Irrigation Department, has assumed the charge as Secretary, Provincial Transport Authority, Karachi, in the Transport Department. This was stated in a notification issued by the Services, General Administration and Coordination Department Sindh.—APP

Pay, pension on October 22 KARACHI—The Government

KARACHI—Twenty thousand

vaccinators embarked upon the

tion Days campaign in Karachi on Monday to vaccinate no less than 650,000 under five children against polio. Commissioner of Karachi, Syed Hashim Raza Zaidi has appealed to the parents of all under five children in the metropolis not to deprive their kids of the vaccine that can protect them against crippling disease. Chairing a meeting in his office he also urged the deputy commissioners and other officials assigned administrative responsibilities to see that parents of children, pertaining to the targeted age group, are facilitated to get their kids immunized. The meeting among others was attended by Additional

Robbers loot Rs 10m from bank, murder guard AMANULLAH KHAN KARACHI —At least 11 per-

sons including a security guard were killed apparently by the target killers and in a bank robbery while seven persons sustained multiple injuries when extortionist mafia hurled a hand grenade apparently on the refusal of the shop keeper to succumb to the demands of Bhutta collection mafia. The worst kind of law and order situation continued to shatter confidence of the citizens in the system as the target killing, kidnapping, extortion and rising street crime claim precious lives of the innocent citizens endlessly in Karachi. Besides other street crimes, the robbers managed to flee with booty of over Rs10 million from a private sector in

Gulistan Jauhar, one security guard who tried to put up resistance was shot dead by the dacoits. According to details four people were killed when armed bandits opened indiscriminate fire on the victims on Abul Hassan Ispahani road in the jurisdiction of Mubeena Town police station. The spokesman of the Ahle Sunnat has claimed that the four people killed in the Mubina Town incident were its workers, adding that these people were killed when the unknown persons opened firing on the shop of a worker of Ahle Sunnat. Police have said that the incident is of target killing. The dead body of one person was recovered from the Darakhshn Sea view. One person named Usman

alias Lala was killed in New Karachi . The deceased is said to be the worker of a political party. In Kharadar, one person was gunned down by unknown assailants. Another person was gunned down and two others injured in Landhi when unknown gunmen opened fire on them; whereas two people were killed in a road accident in the city’s Site area. Meanwhile in yet another incident some criminals threw a hand grenade at a shop in Napier road area. The attackers, it is reported were riding on a motorbike and easily managed to flee away after committing the crime. The injured were removed to nearby civil hospital where two of the injured were in a critical condition.

Sattar, Nisar to distribute Global HR Excellence Awards

K ARACHI — Dr Muhammad Farooq Sattar, Federal Minister for Overseas Pakistanis, Nisaar Khuhroo, Speaker Sindh Assembly and Muhammad Moazzam Ali Khan Jatoi, Minister of State for National Food Security and Research will distribute 3rd Global HR Excellence Awards 2012 among 35 leading corporate organizations on October 18 at Marriott Hotel Karachi. Chairmen, CEOs, Management heads and senior executives of numerous renowned companies will be conferred 3rd Global HR Excellence Awards-2012 at a splendid award ceremony. The Global Media Links, Better Pakistan Forum and Business Milestones have joined hands for the third consecutive year, for successfully organizing the 3rd Global HR Excellence Awards. The award ceremony is expected to be at-

tended by the glitterati of renowned names of public and private sectors. Organizers of the award ceremony say that so far they have received nominations of over 58 companies to participate in the meritorious award competition. The award winning companies were selected by an independent jury of experts of the field who would decide on the basis of a stringently defined merit based criteria for judging performance of HR practitioners and firms in the field of human resource development and growth. The HR Excellence Awards’ jury would work in the most confidential manner. It should be mentioned here that the awards have been instituted to honour and recognize services of companies and individuals who performed extraordinary work and excelled

in the field of Human Resource management especially during one last year. In his message on the occasion Chief Executive Officer of Global Media Links, the event organizer, Mr. Mussadiq Aziz said that all the relevant stakeholders related to the HR sector should play a pro-active role in bridging the demand-supply gap existing between business, industrial institutions and relevant skills of graduates of universities and institutes of higher education of the country. Also on the occasion, Mr. Aziz announced institution of Global Intellectual Property Rights Excellence Awards from the platform of GML and with the support of government of Pakistan. He said the forthcoming IPR Excellence Awards would be held on the international scale.—NNI

of Sindh, Finance Department, has decided that the full pay/allowances/pension for the month of October, 2012, will be paid in advance on Oct 22 instead of Nov 1 to all the Muslim employees/pensioners of provincial government on account of Eidul-Azha. An announcement to this effect was made in a hand Deputy Commissioner, Kamran out issued on Monday.— APP Shamshad, Deputy Commissioner (central) Dr. Saifur Rehman, Deputy Commissioner (east), Samiuddin Siddiqui, Deputy Commissioner (south), Mustafa Jamal Kazi, Deputy Commissioner Ganhwar Ali KARACHI—The 195th birth anLaghari and Deputy Commis- niversary of great educationist and sioner Mir Qazi Jan reformer Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Mohammad. will be marked on October 17 unHashim said that parents in der the auspices of Aligarh Musparticular and people in general lim University Old Boys Associamust be sensitized that the chil- tion (AMUOBA). dren are also not deprived of An announcement on the orvaccination course offered un- ganization said here on Monday der routine immunization that in this regard a grand Sir Syed programme. He said a culture of Day function will be held at demand for mandatory immuni- AMUOBA’s Headquarter at M.R. zation of children has to be pro- Kiyani Road here at 7 p.m. moted at every level that may It said that the gathering would ultimately lead to eradication of be addressed by renowned scholwide range of diseases and guar- ars and old Aligarhians who will antee of healthy and safe life for shed light on the life and achievechildren.—APP ments of the great reformer.—APP KARACHI: Workers are busy in laying a sewerage line on Shahrah-e-Quaideen.

3-day vaccination campaign begins

KARACHI—Sindh Labour De- three day National Immuniza-

partment has signed a memorandum with ILO with the motive to promote Gender Equality through establishment of gender units within the department, said an official on Monday. The department under the scheme would not only focus on strengthening of labour administration and inspection machinery but will make conscious efforts for affirmative action budgets. The budgets of the department, under each and almost every head, will be looked at through a gender lens making them more responsive to address the needs and realities of aspirations of workers. Due attention would be paid at the needs and endeavors of women, men, girls and boys, he elaborated.—APP

of 90 years. Likewise, when our professors and teachers retire from their services in the age of 60 years, private educational institutions hire their services, where they too serve with same enthusiasm and vigour. Therefore, the government should review its retirement policy specially, which is for teachers. Dr. Mohammad Ali Shaikh said he worked with Shabbir Ahmed Qureshi for about 12 years and found him most responsible, honest and dedicated teacher as well as a good administrator..—APP

Ashraf assumes charge as Secretary Transport

Target killing claims 11 more lives including six political workers

Sir Syed Day tomorrow

Fumigation campaign launched KARACHI—Fumigation cam-

paign against malaria and dengue has been launched in the seven union councils of the Shah Faisal Town here. Chief Officer Shah Faisal Town, Kamal Mustafa inaugurated the fumigation drive which would be performed with the help of 21 machines, said a statement issued on Monday. Earlier, Kamal Mustafa along with the officials concerned also inspected the cleaning arrangements.—APP

Ruet-e-Hilal to meet on Wednesday KARACHI, Oct 15 (INP): The meeting of Central Ruete-Hilal Committee for sighting of the Zilhajj (Eidul Azha) moon will be held here on Wednesday, 17th October in the building of PMD, Main University road. Mufti Muneebur Rehman will be chairing the meeting. Meetings of Zonal/District Ruet-e-Hilal Committees will be held at their respective places on the same date and time. Likewise the zonal Ruet-e-Hilal Committee, Islamabad capital territory will be held in the building of Ministry of Religious Affairs, Islamabad.—INP

Policeman shot dead in Baldia Town KARACHI—Violence continued in Karachi on Monday as one more policeman gunned down in a drive-by attack. Shamim, a police constable, was targeted by armed men riding two motorbikes in Gulshan-eRavi area in city’s Baldia Town. The attackers managed to flee from the scene. Police contingents arrived at the scene and collected evidences from the murder site. Meanwhile, three people were injured in overnight firing incidents in Lyari and Mauripur areas as CID Police arrested a target killer from Tariq Road.—NNI

Shahbaz to activate women Swimming lowered blood pressure in sedentary over 50s participation in national development


LDER adults who don’t do much ex ercise, and whose blood pressure is getting to the point where they may need treatment, should perhaps consider swimming as a way to help bring it back down, at least that is what a small US study of sedentary over-50-year-olds might suggest. The study was published early online in The American Journal of Cardiology earlier this month. Swimming is an ideal form of exercise for older, sedentary people because it puts little weight-bearing stress on the body and is not likely to lead to overheating. However, despite this, we know little about the effect this form of exercise has on the arteries and blood pressure, write the authors, from the University of Texas (UT) at Austin. They found that 12 weeks of swimming significantly lowered blood pressure and improved the function of arteries in a group of sedentary, unmedicated over-50s whose blood pressure was on the verge of “unhealthy” (prehypertension) or in stage 1 of hypertension. For their study, Dr Nantinee Nualnim, of UT’s Cardiovascular Aging Research Laboratory, and colleagues, recruited 43 sedentary people aged over 50 (average age of 60) who also had

prehypertension or stage 1 hypertension but were not on any medication. They randomly assigned them either to do 12 weeks of swimming or 12 weeks of gentle relaxation exercises (the controls). The researchers also took a number of measurements before, during, and at then end the 12 weeks, including measures of height, body weight, body fat, blood pressure, vascular function, blood glucose and cholesterol. Before the 12 weeks, there were no significant differences between the swimmers and the controls. Body mass, body fat (adiposity) and blood levels of glucose and cholesterol did not change in either group throughout the 12 weeks. However, they found that blood pressure (casual systolic) fell from 131 to 122 mm Hg in the swimming group (note that 120 is the “ideal” for a healthy heart, as in 120/80). There were also significant changes to vascular function, such as the “stiffness” of arteries, in the swimming group. The authors note: “Swimming exercise produced a 21% increase in carotid artery compliance. Flow-mediated dilation and cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity improved after the swim training program.”


ister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that no society can progress without an active participation of women. He said it is a good omen that Pakistani women are playing a highly dynamic role in all sectors of life. He said that Punjab government is vigorously following a number of development programmes aimed at welfare, uplift and well being of women. He said that Punjab government has announced a comprehensive package for empowerment of women alongwith the objective of protecting their social, economic and legal rights. He called upon NGOs to step forward in order to eradicate extremist tendency. The Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif was talking to a representative delegation of various NGOs, here Monday. Advisor Zakiya Shahnawaz, Member Provincial Assembly Arifa Khalid, Secretaries of Social Welfare, Law and Women Development, Commissioner Lahore Division and other concerned officers were also present on the occasion. Talking to the delegation, Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that the role of women in the society is highly significant as a large segment of Pakistan’s population consist of women therefore it is essential for women to play their dynamic role in ensuring progress and

Int’l White Cane Safety Day observed LAHORE—Like other parts of

the world, International White Cane Safety Day was observed in the provincial capital on Monday. The day aims at highlighting visually-impaired people’s achievements and remind people how white cane can play a significant role in helping these people. Prof Shamsuz Zia while talking to APP on Monday said that the most befitting manner LAHORE: PML (N) leader Hamza Shahbaz speaking during a ceremony on World to observe the day was to White Cane Day at Al-Hamra Hall. spread awareness about rights and needs of the visuallyhandicapped and sensitise society at large about their problems. Different organisations and educational institutes organised pro-grammes to mark the day.—APP

Rescue 1122 service emerges as role model


Chief Minister Punjab Senator Sardar Zulfiqar Ali Khan Khosa has said that the offices of Punjab Emergency Services Rescue 1122 have been established in all districts of the province, while, keeping its utility in view its scope is being extended upto tehsil level. He said that in the first phase these offices are being set up in tehsils of 12 big districts of the province. He said that, due to the performance of Punjab Emergency Service, technical assistance is being provided to other provinces for establishment of this service including KPK, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit, Baltistan and Karachi so that every individual can be provided relief through rescue service in

time of emergency. He stated this while addressing a ceremony held in connection with completion of eight years of Rescue 1122 service here today. Renowned columnist and analyst Mujeeb-ur-Rehman Shami, Director General Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue-1122) Dr. Rizwan Naseer and other officers were also present on the occasion. Senator Sardar Zulfiqar Ali Khan Khosa said that, after the general elections of 2008, when Punjab government of PML-N took charge, rescue service was limited to 12 districts of the province only, however, Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has now increased its areas throughout the province. Senator Sardar Zulfiqar Ali Khan Khosa said that the role of Punjab Emer-

gency Service during accidents and natural calamities is exemplary and unprecedented in SAARC countries. He said that after Army, Rescue -1122 has become second biggest institution to combat difficult situations. He assured that Punjab government would continue its all out assistance in order to further strengthen the institution aimed at public welfare and service. In his eight years’ performance report, Rescue 1122, Director General informed that so far Punjab Emergency Service Rescue 1122 has extended help to more than 1.5 million people in the time of emergency. Later, DG informed Senator Sardar Zulfiqar Ali Khan Khosa about the utility of emergency service and showed him the instruments being used in case of any emergency.

PPP, allies responsible for lawlessness, anarchy: PML-N STAFF REPORTER L AHORE—Senior leader of PML-N, Senator Pervaiz Rashid has said that due to inefficiency and wrong policies of present federal government, such organizations have been formed in the country whose persons have gun in one hand and the flag of religion in other hand and are making target of the people of their brutality. He said

that such situation in the society is called fascism. He said that the people have now forgotten the cruelties of dictators as the dictators had put the persons behind the bar by prohibiting the freedom of expression and speech but today the people having fascism mentality are not only cutting the tongue of innocent people and political opponents but

the process of kidnapping for ransom and dead bodies in sacks is continuing. Pervaiz Rashid said that by realizing such situation the leadership of PML-N had extended cooperation to PPP through Charter of Democracy but unfortunately, present federal government is engaged in satisfying the souls of dictators by defaming the democracy.

Solo Expo LAHORE—A solo Exhibition by artist Asad Faruki will open here for public viewing on October 22. Ejaz Art gallery, a well known art point in the metropolis, would host the exhibition. The inaugural ceremony would be led by veteran artist Prof. Saeed Akhter. Asad, NCA graduate with almost 20 years teaching experience, has widely shown his artistic work in the country and abroad. The display of paintings would continue till November 5.—APP

LAHORE: Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif and Advisor Zakiya Shahnawaz with the representatives of different NGOs. prosperity of the country. He Shahbaz Sharif said that Paki- for Women, the Punjab govobserved that alongwith cities, stan today is facing extrem- ernment announced a historic women are also playing a highly ism and terrorism and NGOs development package for important role in the rural areas must step forward to effec- women, which is unprecof the country. tively combat this menace. edented in Pakistan’s history. He said that NGOs, in col- Talking about various meaHe said that under that laboration with government, sures taken by Punjab gov- historic package, a 15 percent are active in implementation ernment for progress and quota has been earmarked for of various development prosperity of women, the Chief women in government serprogrammes, which is highly Minister said that, on the oc- vice, while 33 percent quota laudable. Muhammad casion of International Day for women has been made

World Food Day

Growing food scarcity needs to be addressed: HRCP STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—The Human Rights

Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) has expressed alarm over rising food scarcity in Pakistan and its impact on the people, especially those below the poverty line. In a statement issued on the eve of World Food Day on Tuesday, HRCP said: “There is unmistakable evidence of growing food scarcity in Pakistan and the consequent rise in prices has gravely affected access to food and nutrition not just for the poor but also for the large middle-income segment of the population. The lack of attention to this critical issue is no less dangerous and frighten-

ing than the food scarcity itself. The problems associated with food scarcity in Pakistan have not come about overnight; they are structural and have links with issues of land holdings, tenants’ rights, shortages of essential inputs, especially water, and the technical, educational and financial capacity of the farming community. Successive governments have been exceptionally unimaginative in addressing food scarcity in Pakistan. The usual response to shortage of edibles has been to import the same. The increase in support price for the main crops has led to a rise in the price of commodities and taken them farther away from the reach of the

poor. The steep rise in the cost of food is forcing even middle income families to divert the sums they earlier spent on health and education to put food on the table. HRCP urges the government to take up this issue on priority. Pakistan cannot get out of this tangle without making policy changes across a wide range. World Food Day is an occasion for all to reflect on what has undermined people’s access to adequately nutritious food and resulted in the geographic and demographic incidence of food scarcity. It should also be an occasion to make a meaningful commitment to helping those struggling with hunger and malnutrition.”

Pre-Eid weight competition of sacrificial animals on 22nd

of sacrificial animals would be held at Sagian Bridge, Shahpur Kanjran, Multan Road, LDA LAHORE—The Livestock and Avenue-I while on October 23 Dairy Development Department at Quaid-e-Azam Interchange and District Government are GT Road, Barki Road Class holding a weight competition Marri, near Green City and of sacrificial animals, on the China Scheme. University of occasion of Eid-ul-Azha, at six Veterinary and Animal Sciences sales-points, set up at various Lahore has extended special locations at Lahore. The cattle cooperation to the Livestock owners can get their free comand Dairy Development Department and the District Government for this purpose. Prizes worth Rs. 24 thousand would be distributed separately for the winning sacrificial animals in all cattle markets. The owners of cattle wining first, second and third positions would be awarded a cash prize of Rs. 5 thousand, Rs. 4 thousand and Rs.3 thousand respectively. Secretary Livestock Muhammad Irfan Elahi and Vice Chancellor Veterinary University Professor Dr. Talat Naseer Pasha would distribute cash prizes and commendatory certificates among the owners of winning animals. In this connection, Secretary Livestock Irfan Elahi said that such competitions would provide an opportunity to the cattle breeders to look after their sacLAHORE: Girls taking interest in the jewellery displayed during an exhibition at a rificial animals and to keep them healthy. local hotel.


petition registration, till 22 October 2012, at 09:00 am. In this connection, free-ofcost registration would be done at veterinary camps established at cattle markets, while, according to rules and regulations, sacrificial animals, with weight of over 70 kg can take part in the competitions. On October 22, 2012, weight competitions

mandatory for all other government institutions, committees and taskforces. He said that the plots to be allotted by the Punjab government under Jinnah Abadi scheme would also be jointly owned by husband and the wife. He pointed out that Information Technology Park has been named after a brilliant daughter Arfa Karim who made the name of Pakistan prominent all over the world in IT sector at a very young age. He said that Malalah Yousafzai is a symbol of resistance against extremism in society and has acquired the position of a role model for all women at such a young age. Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that Punjab government has named Attock Daanish School after Malalah Yousafzai in recognition of her national services and educational activities would commence in the school next year. He said that Punjab Educational Endowment Fund (PEEF) is a revolutionary programme worth rupees over ten billion, which is benefiting more than 35 thousand girl and boy students. He said that laptops distribution scheme among talented girl and boy students is being appreciated at national as well as international level. Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif noted that only those countries achieve progress, prosperity and development where women work with men shoulder to shoulder.

Global Hand Washing Day observed STAFF REPORTER L A H O R E —Parliamentary

Secretary Health Punjab Dr. Saeed Elahi said that by fostering culture of hand washing with soap, diseases can be controlled and by washing hands before and after eating meal, the washing of hands save the persons especially children deadly diseases of diarrhea, dysentery, cough, sneezing, cholera and hepatitis. He expressed these views on the occasion of Global Hand Washing Day in a ceremony held at Govt. Pilot Secondary school, Wahdat Colony, here today. He said that Islam lays a great emphasis on cleanliness and by terming cleanliness as half portion of faith, it has eternalized the importance of cleanliness for ever. Dr. Saeed Elahi said that it is highly essential to impart children and the grown ups the right method of hand washing and called upon teachers to give lectures to the children on cleanliness in zero period. He said that by not washing hand before eating, after eating or after going to wash room dozens of diseases get generated. He said that prevention is better than cure principle must be adopted so that billions of rupees of treatment expenditure can be saved. Dr. Saeed Elahi said that due to diseases, children’s resistance power gets weakened, therefore promoting of hand washing is highly essential.

E-Paper October 16, 2012  

E-Paper October 16, 2012