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Armed Forces finally launch NW operation

PR appeals to nation to Enemies of state to be denied space anywhere in Pakistan: DG ISPR 105 terrorists killed rally behind in air strikes Masterminds of Karachi airport attack al-Maani and Wilayet killed 9 militant Armed Forces hideouts bombed 5 security personnel injured in roadside blast ISLAMABAD —Federal

Minister for Information and Broadcasting Senator Pervaiz Rashid on Sunday appealed to all politicians and nation to stand united behind the government and the Armed Forces in the war against terror. In his statement after the launch of military operation in North

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TTP ready for talks: Shahidullah OBSERVER REPORT

LIAQAT TOOR/ TARIQ SAEED RAWALPINDI / P ESHAWAR—After four years of wait, at last, Armed Forces of Pakistan on Sunday launched comprehensive operation in North Waziristan to eliminate terrorists and their sanctuaries. Director General ISPR Major General Asim Saleem Bajwa on Sunday said on the directions of the Government, the forces have been given task to eliminate foreign and local terrorists who are hiding in sanctuaries in North Waziristan Agency. The operation has been named Zarb-e-Azb. The using North Waziristan as a base, these terrorists had waged a war

against the state of Pakistan and had been disrupting our national life in all its dimensions, stunting our economic growth and causing enormous loss of life and property. They had also paralyzed life within the agency and had perpetually terrorized the entire peace loving and patriotic local population. Our valiant armed forces have been tasked to eliminate these terrorists regardless of hue and color, along with their sanctuaries. With the support of the entire nation, and in coordination with other state institutions and Law Enforcement Agencies, these enemies of the state will be denied space anywhere across the country. As always, armed forces of Pakistan will not hesi-

tate in rendering any sacrifice for the motherland.

IDPs registration, militants surrender points made STAFF REPORTER R AWALPINDI —North

Waziristan Agency has been isolated by deploying troops along its border with neighboring agencies and Federally Admin-

strikes intensified in North Waziristan, the Tehreek-eTaliban Pakistan have offered an olive branch to the government, saying they are still open to ‘meaningful’ peace talks. “The government has constantly adopted a nonserious approach. This forced us to end [the] ceasefire and launch counter-attacks, which

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ESTADIO N ACIONAL, Brazil—Switzerland secured a dramatic 2-1 victory over Ecuador in the latest turnaround of the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™, with Haris Seferovic scoring in stoppage-time after Enner Valencia and Admir

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Can’t MNS become Mandela in Musharraf case?

................................................ Tragic killing of a minority MPA ................................................ India further gears up naval war machinery

See Page 04

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Terrorist bases cordoned off

ISLAMABAD—As army air

Dramatic victory for Switzerland

In the beginning of this year, the litical forces had decided to initiate peace government with the support of all po-

ISLAMABAD: President Mamnoon Hussain during meeting with Dr Ahmad Mohamed Ali Al Madani, President Islamic Development Bank, at Aiwan-e-Sadr.

President reiterates commitment of govt to eliminate polio

Asif: Operation to continue till logical end

ISLAMABAD—Defence ISLAMABAD—President Mamnoon Hussain Ayesha Raza Farooq, Prime Minister’s Fo- Minister, Khwaja Asif has has reiterated unflinching commitment of cal Person on Polio Eradication, Dr. Waqar the present government to protect our chil- Masood khan, Secretary Finance and other dren and children of the world from polio senior officials. He said, despite immense and eventually eradicating the crippling disease from all Another story on Back Page security challenges especially in restive tribal areas, parts of the country and the world indeed, saying that the Government Pakistan remains firmly committed to the has declared polio eradication a health emer- eradication of polio and all possible steps at all levels are being taken to stamp out gency. The President said this during his meet- the menace of Polio from the country. The President said the government has ing with Dr. Ahmad Mohamed Ali Al Madani, President, Islamic Development already engaged local populace especially Bank (IDB) at the Aiwan-e-Sadr on Sun- the influential people including Khateebs and Ulema, religious scholars and the tribal day. Those present at the meeting included elders in the fight against polio to play their among others Sardar Ayaz Sadiq, Speaker role in persuading the people to allow anti National Assembly, Senator Ishaq Dar, Fed- polio vaccination to the children in their eral Minister for Finance, Mrs. Saira Afzal respective areas. Briefing media about the meeting, Press Tarar, Minister of States for National Health Services Regulations & Coordination, Ms. Continued on Page 7

said that launch of a full scale military operation ‘Zarb-e-Azb’ against the terrorists in North Waziristan Agency is a well-thoughtout decision of the government. Following the formal announcement of the operation on Sunday, Khwaja Asif said the decision was taken after the failure of peace negotiations with Taliban militants. It was a decision of the entire nation as the people of Pakistan had unanimous decided that terrorists should be neutralized once and for all.

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istered Tribal Areas to block any movement of terrorists in and out of the Agency, said an ISPR statement issued on Sunday night. “Within the Agency, troops have

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91% Pakistanis support operation AKHTAR JAMAL ISLAMABAD—Within hours of launching Zarb-e-Azb by Pakistani armed forces in North Waziristan more than 91 percent Pakistanis voted in favour of the Operation and social media was

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Railways launches service improvement benchmark I SLAMABAD —Ministry of Railway has Partnership (PPP), Pakistan Railways has

NOWSHEHRA: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Chief Minister Pervez Khattak addressing Ramazan package distribution ceremony Children Academy.

at Ummah

Khattak to protest non-inclusion of provincial projects in federal ADB STAFF REPORTER P E S H AWA R —KP Chief Minister Pervez Khattak has said that his provincial govt is going to lodge protest in forthcoming meeting of CCI for inclusion of none of mega projects from our province in the federal ADP or other development program. He reiterated the pledge that he will never be satisfied until given proper guarantees of provincial rights including payment of hydel net profit under AGN Qazi accord. He said his PTI led coalition govt was honouring each and every election promise in letter and spirit. He said a balanced budget was being given to the masses aimed at ameliorating lot of the poor and creating job opportunities through industrialization in the province. “PTI is voted into power for the agenda of change and with the grace of Allah Almighty it is begum and rather everywhere is acknowledged by the people who are the real judges for us in this regard”, he added. He expressed these views while addressing public meetings and talking to people from cross section of life during his visit of remote areas of PK-13 and 14 including Mankisharif, Peetao, Doranmillikhel, Masamkhel, Manai, Guldheri, Umaray Killi and Ziarat Kaka Sahib. He also visited Ummah Children Academy at Suriakhel and addressed function there. The rallies were also addressed by Provincial Minister for Excise and Taxation Mian Jamsheduddin Kakakhel, MNA Dr Imran Khattak, MPA Idrees Khattak, Country Director of Ummah Children Academy InayatUllah, GM Sahibzada Imran and Haji Fazal Rehman who lauded revolutionary and undaunted steps of CM Pervez Khattak for eliminating corruption, reforming the officialdom and improving efficiency of public institutions. The local elite and people in general expressed full

People to spend summer vacations on hilly areas I SLAMABAD —During summer, educational institutions have provided an opportunity to the students, to move along with their families on hilly areas to enjoy their summer vocations in pleasant weather. There is an unprecedented rush of people in the mountainous areas of Murree, Nathiagali, Ayubia, Naran and Kaghan where families have rented houses and booked hotel rooms not just for spending a weekend but the whole month. This has also triggered a sudden surge in the prices of accommodations, particularly in Murree, Naran and Kaghan.In Naran,Kaghan local tourists have plan to return homes at the end of Ramazan. “This season, the rush of visitors is huge. Majority of the guests reserve rooms for weeks in order to spend Ramazan month here. This is very encouraging situation for our business during summer season,” said Asim Waqas,a hotel manager in Muree.Ayan Ali, a student while talking to APP, said that the people feel comfort in hilly to enjoy with their families and I also want to enjoy my all vacations here.—APP

confidence in his dynamic leadership saying they are proud of him being son of the soil. Former MPA Liaquat Khattak, Ishaq Khattak and a number of PTI activists also accompanied him on this occasion. Pervez Khattak regretted that his govt offered so many projects and investment areas in KP including hydel power stations but the federal govt simply ignored this province that is sheer injustice to this province and people who rendered matchless sacrifices against terror and dignity of the homeland. He further deplored that PM Nawaz Sharif is pooling up all the resources of the entire country in mega projects in particular areas of Punjab to benefit Shahbaz Sharif and his rich elite elite class. He said nothing is done for the poor in federal budget though only poor took pain to cast vote and empower us. He asked for equal treatment with all provinces and especially ensuring justice with KP. He said his govt is working round the clock to ensure supremacy of law, merit and justice in the province and provide maximum succor to the masses. The chief minister said the basic aim of the provincial government of PTI was not to make tall claims like rulers of the past but practically deliver to the masses and the people themselves acknowledge the good impacts of the steps taken by it for changing the rusted system. Pervez Khattak expressed the hope that the people of his constituency will continue fully supporting him and will strengthen the hands of the provincial government in rooting out corruption and bringing fair, transparent and judicious system in KP as per expectations of the poor masses. He said PTI is the party of

World Father’s Day observed

started some trains between Lahore and Karachi to cater needs of business community and general public. Moreover, they said Real Estate Development & Marketing Company (REDMCO) has been established and registered with Security and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) with the aim to exploit potential of railway land while a comprehensive policy for disposal of surplus scrap has been introduced to improve financials through an open, fair and transparent process. Similarly, another step is investment planning through a system approach is being pursued rather than functioning in isolation. Under this approach, investment in all the components of railways system including infrastructure development, rolling stock availability, business development and governance is being made. The strategy is expected to bring significant improvement in near future. With regard to achievements during this fiscal year, the sources said so far 63 kms of track was rehabilitated besides doubling of 57 kms track. The project for procurement and assembling of 202 passenger coaches is in advance stage while 56 new passenger coaches have been added and material for 146 coaches has been received, out of which 111 passenger coaches have been assembled till April 2014. They said at present more than 300 locomotives are out of service and added different initiatives are under way for rehabilitation of held up locomotives.—APP

All institutions working to up system: Afzal

I SLAMABAD —Today marks poor and during its tenure t h e p o o r w i l l also g e t justice like t h e rich. H e s a i d t h e govt i s initi-

ating unified educational system in the province under which the children of poor will get the same education, which was the prerogative for the children of rich only. The new system, he said, will abolish the British introduced class-based education system and prevailing difference between rich and poor would also go for good in the society.

Punjab govt donates Rs1m, house to family of martyred soldier M ULTAN —The Punjab government pro- the martyred official, Islamuddin, at Pul vided Rs one million and an allotment letter of a house in Ashiana Housing Scheme to a security official who embraced martyrdom in terrorists attack at the Karachi Airport. Provincial Minister for Prisons Chaudhary Abdul Waheed Aaraen, DCO Zahid Saleem Gondal, RPO Amjid Saleemi and MPA Ehsanuddin visited the home of

launched performance benchmarking and development of Key Performance Indicators (KPI) to help management target right areas for improving service delivery, business processes and financials. The step has been adopted following new initiatives to improve performance of the department and achieve tangible results. Sources at Ministry of Railways on Sunday said revival of Railway Board is being actively pursued as part of overall reform agenda while tariff is being regularly rationalized based on the market dynamics mainly to improve occupancy and increase revenue of Pakistan Railways. The other new initiatives are right mix of passenger and freight services as passenger service has been kept, for time being, at 96 trains a day and most of the resources are being allocated to freight sector, which has produced encouraging results. The improvement in availability of locomotives through special repair of existing locomotives and procurement of new locomotives is another initiative. From 8 to 25 locomotives per day only for freight, thereby, resulting in increase of daily freight train from almost nil to three trains ex-Karachi port. The sources said the authorities have also substantially enhanced HSD Oil reserve from two to 12 days to streamline the train operation and also introduced automation system for pension payment as a pilot project in Lahore and will be expanded to the entire railway system. The sources said under Public Private

Shawala here on Sunday.On behalf of Chief Minister Punjab Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif, the minister handed over a cheque of Rs one million and an allotment letter of a house in Ashiana Housing Scheme for the family. He said the Punjab government would also bear educational expenses of children of the martyred soldier.—APP

HYDERABAD: Growers of tail of Naseer Branch of Rohri Canal district Badin hold a protest against non-supply of irrigation water for cultivation of their lands.

Malakand Board announces matric results C H A K D A R R A —Malakand Board of Higher and Secondary Education here on Sunday announced results of matriculation examination mentioning overall success rate of 75.56 percent. According to details, a total of 23505 students appeared in Science Group among which 20082 cleared the examination with overall passing percentage of 85.44 percent. 10651 students appeared in Arts Group and 7188 were declared successful with the success rate of 67.49 percent. Abdul Wahab of Alfalah Public School Sadiqabad Bajur grabbed fist position in Science Group by obtaining 1016 numbers while Atia Fidda of Zafar Iqbal Shaheed Public School Dargai stood second with 1010 marks. Gulalai of Malakand Public School Dargai and Sara Misshi Khan of Oxford Education Academy Batkhela were declared third by securing 1001 marks. In Arts Group, Bushara Bibi of Government Girls High School Badam Baghicha stood first by grabbing 874 marks. Shahzad Ahmad secured second position by obtaining 859 marks while Noor Kainat of Government Girls High School Khar grabbed third position with 848 marks.—APP

the world Father’s day 2014 across the globe including Pakistan with full enthusiam and devotion with tributes were paid to their unforgetable role played in our daily routine life. Everyday we watch super man, batman , spiderman, iron man and many more and get thrilled and crazy by their super powers and become their admirers as how they save the day. But in our so busy lives and backbreaking routines we forget the importance of our ultimate super heroes who not only save a day but save our whole life, reported a private news channel. So, there comes the day to make them know what big stars they are in our lives and thats ‘Father ’s Day’celebrated allover on the third Sunday of June. This year Father’s Day is being celebrated on June, 15 . A father, usually called as daddy, abba jaan, abu, papa, dad, abi and baba is a God’s angel in human disguise send down to earth to make our lives heavenly and blissful. He is not only a father but a protector, a friend, an ideal,an authority, a support, a shelter and much more. The roles of a father are immeasurable.He is a dignified soul who never gets tired of his job and works all his life at all hours without a second of sigh. Life becomes incomplete and meaningless if we imagine it without the blessing of a dad. On this Sunday, lets tell our fathers how much we respect them. Lets make this day special for them and thank them for their everlasting selfless love and guidance and for being an example of strength, honor, sacrifice, and responsibility.—APP

ISLAMABAD —Parliamentary Secretary on Finance, Rana Muhammad Afzal has said that all the institutions are working to bring improvement in the system. Talking to a private TV channel, he said the government was making all out efforts to improve the economy with better management and system. He said the government had launched several power projects to produce energy, adding that solar, wind, coal, gas and hydel resources are being utilized to meet the demand of energy in the country. He said the PML-N government has formulated trade policy for attracting investors in different sectors. Rana Afzal said that China and other countries are taking keen interest in different sectors of Pakistan. China is investing a huge amount in energy sector, he added. He said that motorways, road networks and infrastructure would also be completed with the help of China. He appreciated the government steps for empowering the youth through PM Business Youth Loan Scheme, adding that measures are being taken to alleviate poverty and create business opportunities for loan beneficiaries.—APP

Minor girl drowns in pond QUETTA—A seven-year old girl drowned in a pond of water in Goth Mir Hassan area of Nasirabad district on Sunday. According to police, the victim was playing near the pond as she fell into a water pond which caused her death. Her body was handed over to the heirs after legal formalities.Police have registered a case.—APP

Rs 269b to be spent on South Punjab: Minister MULTAN—Provincial Minister for Prisons, Abdul Waheed Aaraen Sunday said the Punjab government would complete development projects of Rs 269 billion in South Punjab. Speaking at a press conference here, he said 36 percent budget was given to 31 percent population of the region. He said Metro Bus route would be constructed with a cost of Rs 30 billion in the city which would be completed in a transparent manner. The minister said projects included completion of Shiekh Zaid Medical Complex, establishment of a medical college in Bahalnagar, Thalassaemia Unit and Bone Marrow Transplant in Bahawalpur Victoria Hospital and Heart Surgery units, upgradation of DHQ Hospitals in Multan, Vehari, DG Khan, and Muzaffargarh and others. He said Rangers had already been deputed at sensitive jails, however, jail security officials had been equipped with special training also.—APP

PM’s Youth Program hallmark of one year govt performance ISLAMABAD—The hallmark of the one year cated. The scheme focused on unemployed performance of Pakistan Muslim League(N) government is the Prime Minister’s Youth Programme which benefitted hundreds of thousands of students, especially from less developed areas. Under the program, six customized schemes were launched to fulfill the employment and entrepreneurial needs of youth. Empowerment of youth has been one of the top priorities of Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif-led government in year 2013-14. PM’s youth program shows the same commitment and priority, which the leadership attaches to this crucial segment of the Pakistani society. According to a document released by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Rs 18.5 billion were spent on these schemes in the financial year 2013-14. First of all Government introduced PM’s interest free Loans Scheme with a grant of Rs 3.5 billion. The microfinance facility aimed at helping giving access to loans to five million people in next five years. Secondly, PML-N led government introduced PM’s Youth Business Loans Scheme for which Rs five billion were alloJAMSHORO: Minister of State for Education, Trainings and Standards in Higher Education & Interior, Engr. Muhammad Baligh-ur-Rehman awarding certificates regarding Prime Minister’s Fee Reimbursement Scheme for Less Developed Areas at University of Sindh.

KP govt to improve health, education sectors on emergency basis: Haq PESHAWAR—With education and health sectors getting big shares in the latest Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) budget, Senior Minister for Finance Sirajul Haq on Sunday said the government intends to use most of the funds for the benefit of the people. Haq was addressing a post-budget press conference a day after he had unveiled a Rs404.805 billion provincial budget in the K-P assembly. While briefing the journalists about the chal-

lenges faced by the province, Haq pointed out that K-P is a disaster and terrorism-hit province and that it is the most affected region of the country. “The situation in K-P has not improved because of the wrong policies of the federal government,” he lamented, calling all the national and international stakeholders to understand the negative effects the war has left on the province. “Dangerous weapons used in the region

have harmed our environment and the effects will remain with us for the next 300 years,” he said. The minister added that the province can’t allow or tolerate such policies any more. Speaking about the budget plan, Haq said the funds are divided into three categories - administrative, welfare and development. He stated that the government will be working to improve the health and education sectors on emergency basis.—INP

Anti-polio campaign begins in 9 districts of KPK P ESHAWAR —A three-day anti-polio campaign began in nine districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa on Sunday amidst tight security for the vaccinators. The campaign in Peshawar, Charsadda, Swabi, Mardan, Nowshehra, Bannu, Kohat, Tank and Dera Ismail Khan has been launched

with the financial assistance of Saudi Arabia. Children of IDPs from North Waziristan are also being administered anti-polio vaccine. During the anti-polio campaign in which some 2,400 teams are participating, almost 700,000 children are expected to be given polio drops. Law-enforcement agencies have

been directed to tighten security in the nine districts and particularly in Peshawar and D I Khan where in the past polio workers and policemen escorting them were targeted and killed. Entry and exit points for both Peshawar and DI Khan have been sealed and a restriction on riding motorcycles has also been imposed.—INP

12 Ramzan bazars, 105 fair price shops being set up B AHAWALPUR —As many as 12 Ramzan Bazaars and 105 Fair Price Shops will be set up in district for provision of essential commodity items on lowere prices. According to District Coordination Officer (DCO) Bahawalpur Imran Sikandar Baloch, three of these Bazaars will be set up in Bahawalpur City, one in Bahawalpur Sadar, two in Yazman, three in Ahmadpur East, one in Khairpur Tamewali and two in Hasilpur. Provision of water, sanitation, lights and sound system will be ensured at Ramzan Bazaars.Madani Dastarkhwan will also be set up for providing Iftaari and Sehri.—APP

QUETTA: Dadshah Qambrani, BNP district organizer Awaran, addressing a press conference on Sunday.

Gas loadshedding irks citizens M U LTA N —Citizens expressed concern over gas loadshedding in different areas of city and demanded of government to take notice of the situation. The gas outage was being observed in areas including Hafiz Jamal road, Manzoorabad, Chungi No14, Delhi gate, Ahmed Abad, MDA Chowk, Shadab Colony, Shah Ruknuddin Aalam and dozens of other residential areas of the city. Citizens Saad Qureshi, Haider Hassan, Sikandar Hayat and Muhammad Shahid from MDA Chowk talking to APP informed that they had to rush to hotels three times in a day, for purchasing eatables for their families. They added that they were facing gas loadshedding from last three months. Earlier, they were told by department officials, that construction work was in progress in different areas which was main cause behind gas loadshedding or low gas pressure. They added that gas loadshedding had become common phenomenon.—APP

Humanitarian response facilities being set up at eight strategic locations in Pakistan I SLAMABAD —To enhance the emergency and disaster response capacity of the government of Pakistan and the humanitarian community, World Food Programme (WFP) is developing a network of Humanitarian Response Facilities (HRFs) at eight strategic locations across Pakistan. Out of total eight HRFs, two have already been constructed at Rakh Khanpur village in Muzaffargarh and Chashmai Achokzai,Quetta at a cost of US$ 3.3 million and US$ 4 million respectively, WFP Pakistan Country Director Ms.Lola Castro told APP here on Sunday. These two facilities, actually warehouses to store different food items and medicines, have already been handed over to Provincial Disaster Management Authorities (PDMAs) in Punjab and Balochistan provinces, she added. She said that these facilities are part of a network of eight such compounds being developed by the WFP as a joint endeavour with the Pakistan government in all provinces at the most disaster-prone strategic locations. The Country Director informed that the facility in Muzaffargarh - a warehouse constructed on seven-acre land has a capacity of storing 3,000 metric tons of general food items while the warehouse in Quettai has an overall storage capacity of 4,000 metric tons and is in a 15-acre site provided by the Government of Balochistan. The locations for all the facilities were selected on

the basis of damage done by previous natural disasters, population centres and to enhance emergency preparedness,she added. Castro expressed the confidence that these warehouse compounds will augment federal and provincial governments’ capacity to pre-position non-food and food items for emergency response and relief She said that HRF construction is currently being undertaken in three parts , in the very first part the construction of facilities in Muzaffargarh and Quetta where the warehouse have been handed over to Pakistani authorities, secondly covers Lahore, whilst, foresees construction in Peshawar and Hyderabad in the third part. She said that warehouse in Lahore is expected to be completed this year, while, warehouses in Peshawar and Hyderabad are scheduled to be finished in early next year. The construction of Humanitarians Response Facilities at phase 4 which includes Sukkur and Phase 5 which includes Gilgit and Muzafarabad will be carried out using already purchased pre-fabricated steel structures. The projects are being implemented in collaboration with several stakeholders: donors, international NGOs and national and provincial disaster management authorities. Generous funds for the projects have been provided by the governments of Japan, Austra-

lia, Canada, Denmark, the Netherlands and the US for construction of HRF Quetta for which I’m extremely grateful to them,” she said. Castro went on to say that she hoped these facilities would be put to the best use as these facilities are more than just structures. They are centers for coordination that will be useful for even future generations for disaster preparedness, response and management,” she added. WFP Pakistan, she said, is working in close collaboration with NDMA and the PDMAs to ensure compliance with functional and legislative requirements. “Strengthening disaster preparedness and response capacity is a priority for WFP”, Castro added. By establishing these humanitarian response facilities, WFP and partners aim to form a humanitarian warehousing network in the country. This will contribute to an effective and reliable logistics response mechanism at district level and, together with the Government of Pakistan, protect and empower communities most at risk. The facilities include permanent and pre-fabricated office space, storage facilities as well as a climate-controlled area for temperature-sensitive relief items. The structure is earthquake resistant and its construction also takes into account other environmental hazards.—APP

youth and especially educated youth looking for establishing or extending enterprises. The government also introduced PM’s Youth Training Scheme with Rs four billion giving youth training through internship in private and public sector offices. The Prime Minister also launched Youth Skills Development Scheme with Rs 800 million to train unemployed youth of Pakistan so that they could acquire productive skills for gainful employment. Another scheme was Prime Minister’s Scheme for provision of Laptops worth Rs four billion. The scheme was aimed at spreading the use of computers amongst the colleges and universities level students, boosting awareness of technology among the youth. Another initiative was Prime Minister’s scheme for reimbursement of fee for students from the less developed areas of Interior Sindh, Southern Punjab divisions of Multan, Bahawalpur and DG Khan, Balochistan, less developed areas of Kyber Pakhtunkhwa including Malakand, Kohistan and DI Khan areas, Gilgit Baltistan and FATA. Rs 1.2 billion were allocated for the reimbursement of fees to students.—APP

First pre-monsoon showers during next 48 hours

2 children drown in Ashriat River

I SLAMABAD —Pakistan Meteorological Department has forecast that most parts of the country including Islamabad, Hazara, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Lahore, Faisalabad, Sargodha division and Kashmir will receive first pre-monsoon showers during the next 48 hours. Pre-monsoon rain accompanied by dust-storms is likely in Islamabad, upper Punjab, upper Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Kashmir on Monday and Tuesday. The highest temperatures recorded during the last 24 hours were Bhakkar 48 C, Nokundi and Dadu 47 C, Dalbandin and Risalpur 46 C, Mianwali, Dera Ismail Khan, Peshawar and Sibbi 45 C. The maximum temperatures recorded in the other cities were Islamabad 42 C, Lahore 42 C, Karachi 37 C, Peshawar 45 C, Quetta 38 C, Skardu 33 C, Murree 30 C, Muzaffarabad 43 C, Gilgit 41 C, Faisalabad 42 C, Multan 41 C and Hyderabad 40 C.Meanwhile, Quetta Met Office has forecast a hot and dry weather for the provincial capital on Monday. The maximum temperature is likely from 36 to 40 Centigrade and the lowest from 14 to 20 Centigrade. Hot and dry weather is forecast for rest of the region.—APP

C HITRAL —Two children were drowned in Ashriat river here on Sunday. According to Ashriat Police, two real brothers and their sister were using a wooden piece which is used as bridge to cross the river. When they reached in the middle of this temporary bridge they lost the balance, fell down in the gushing water and were swept away. Samiuddin, 3, and 6-year-old Saweera Bibi were children of Muhammad Akram of Ashriat valley. Dead body of Samiuddin was recovered from the water by local volunteers but Saweerra is still missing. Parents of the deceased children have appealed to the government to help them in searching the dead body of Saweera Bibi.—INP

Minister for implementation of laws regarding environmental protection STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Provincial Minister for Environment, Col. (Retd) Shuja Khanzada has said that chemicals used for tanning of hides are a source of environmental pollution therefore environmental friendly water based chemicals should be utilized for this purpose. He said that industrial institutions should implement the instructions of Environment Department and ensure 100 percent implementation of laws regarding environmental protection. He expressed these views while addressing as chief guest a seminar held regarding Sustainability for the Leather Industry and Stahl at a local hotel. Advisor to Chief Minister Punjab Muhammad Mansha Ullah Butt, Secretary Environment Muhammad Anwar Rasheed, Director Stahl Mike Tomkin, Managing Director Stahl India Tuncay Deriner, Managing Director Stahl Pakistan Anwar Iqbal and a large number of persons associated with leather industry were present on the occasion. The Minister said that like other countries of the world, we will also have to adopt environment-friendly techniques by focusing on healthy and safe environment regarding leather industry. He said that modern techniques have been evolved for disposal of industrial waste throughout the world and the environment can be made clean and pollution free by implementing these methods.

Col. Retd. Shuja Khanzada said that government is proud of leather industry as it is playing an important role in strengthening national economy through export of leather products. He said that Punjab government is making all out efforts for controlling energy crisis. The Minister also appreciated the efforts of Stahl for overcoming environmental pollution and promotion of public awareness in this regard. The Minister said that Environment Protection Department is soon implementing the project of grading all industries and only those industries will be able to operate as would dispose of their industrial waste in a proper manner. He said that industries causing environmental pollution will not be allowed to function as they are not sincere to their workers as well as common citizens. He said that leather industry as well as others will have to adopt modern principles for disposal of their waste material. He said that protection of human health through provision of a healthy atmosphere is the priority of the government. Later, Provincial Advisor Muhammad Mansha Ullah Butt, Secretary Environment Muhammad Anwar Rasheed, Director Stahl Mike Tomkin, Managing Director Stahl India Tuncay Deriner, Managing Director Stahl Pakistan Anwar Iqbal also spoke on the occasion and highlighted the modern methods of disposal of industrial waste and introduction of environment friendly chemicals.

LOWER DIR: People bathing in river to get relief from hot weather.

Can’t MNS become Mandela in Musharraf case?


Can an Islamic caliphate survive in today’s Middle East?


S expected the Federal Government has gone to the Supreme Court against the verdict of the Sindh High Court that former President Pervez Musharraf should be restrained from going abroad. The federation prayed to the apex court to set aside the SHC judgment of June 12, 2014 that ordered to struck down the name of Pervez Musharraf from the ECL. In the meantime some of the emotional Advisors of the government have started churning out statements to the affect that in no way Musharraf would be permitted to leave Pakistan. We wish that the government under the pretext of SHC judgement should have not stood in the way of removing his name from the ECL. We may mention here that we do not hold any brief for General Musharraf yet our concern is in line with the vital interests of the government and the ongoing democratic process in Pakistan. The thrice elected Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif is rightly perceived as business friendly and it is heartening that his government has taken some major initiatives for Mega projects, which when completed, would help promote country’s economy and overcome the present day shortcomings including the energy crisis. Our concern is that the Prime Minister should in any case be focussed and continues to follow the one point agenda i.e to turn the tattering economy into a fast track economy. Diversion of attention from this path to minor or non issues would not be in the interest of the country and democracy. General Musharraf’s case or for that matter any other case of the same nature and magnitude should not stand in the way of march to progress as with hard work and visionary approach the government has been able to put the wheel of economy on the move. Certain so called die hard supporters of Mian Nawaz Sharif or those who want to settle their own scores and some who would be interested to create uncertainty for political gains, would argue and press for trying Musharraf and keeping him in the country but we are confident that the Prime Minister, known for dealing the critical issues with farsightedness, would not listen to these voices. Therefore we would recommend that the Prime Minister and the government should display large heartedness and rise above so that Pakistan moves forward. To achieve this, Mian Nawaz Sharif should act as Pakistani Mandela.

Tragic killing of a minority MPA P

AKISTAN is in the midst of a war against terrorism, where life is not safe and only last week there was a heinous act of terrorism in Karachi which shook the security apparatus and the country at large. But the tragic killing of a minority Member of the Balochistan Assembly Handery Masieh was even more shocking and it is in this context that the President, the Prime Minister and other leaders from across the political divide have strongly condemned the heinous crime and expressed solidarity with the bereaved family. It would take time to unfold the reasons behind the killing of the MPA by the hand picked stone hearted security guard in the broad day light. The incident is an indication that even one cannot rely on security guards who are supposed to ensure protection of an individual and are paid for it. They could become agents of the enemies for various reasons including temptation of huge financial benefits or by threats to their lives and their families. In the case of the death of Handery Masieh, the Guard was serving the MPA for the last fifteen years and only his arrest and interrogation would reveal what made him to take this extreme step. It is the hallmark of Pakistan that minorities enjoy more rights and they are shown tolerance in the society though there are occasional incidents where minorities are involved but this also happens with members of the majority community as well. In this perspective we would urge the authorities that the culprit be apprehended and thoroughly investigated so that the facts are brought to the knowledge of every one. In the meantime we would caution that some people, foreign funded NGOs and a section of the media could exploit such issues by twisting the event to bring bad name to the country. We would appeal to them that the gory incident should be seen in wider context and ground realities in Pakistan in general and the law & order in Balochistan in particular where miscreants are targeting people to create uncertainty among the masses.

India further gears up naval war machinery I

NDIAN Prime Minister Narendra Modi inducted the largest and most expensive warship, aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya in the naval fleet on Saturday which further adds to war potential of the country. The $2.33 billion Russian-made aircraft carrier, formerly known as Admiral Gorshkov, was commissioned into the navy last November at Severodvinsk in Russia. It is not the navy that is getting attention of the Indian defence establishment to make it a blue water force. India is spending $ 80 billion during 2010-2015 in defence acquisitions. According to the confederation of India report on “Prospects of Global Defence Export Industry in Indian Defence Market”, India is spending extravagantly on all three services. The Army is spending 42.4 Billion, the Air force 24.8 billion and the Navy 12.8 billion US dollars for their respective acquisitions. The question arises why this is being done as the largest country of the region, India faces no threat from any of its neighbours. A more comprehensive review of India’s military doctrine yields India’s military expansion plans. India is refashioning its armed forces to attain global reach. The litmus test for imperialistic designs include, a desire for international military bases, naval expansion, the acquisition of air to air refueling tankers, etc. Though Prime Minister Modi on the occasion made a conciliatory statement that India would engage all nations as equals, and would neither threaten nor be intimidated by any power but one will have to keep a close watch on the gearing up of the armed forces which cannot be without any specific purpose. In this perspective we would urge the Pakistani authorities that though with limited resources, Pakistan cannot match the Indian acquisitions but Pakistan navy should have at least minimum deterrence capabilities to ward off threats to its maritime security and economic interests.

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Political pre-emptive strikes their shallow self interests. Workonly to maxiMuhammad Ali Ehsan ing mize their ability Email: to sustain and then execute power that they EMOCRACY is under acquired through illegitimate and ilthreat’ says the leader of legal means they could hardly work Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami or deliver for public good. These Party, Mahmood Khan Achakzai. battlefield strategists and our iconic Delivering a speech in the National military leaders turned ‘artificial Assembly on June 12 he touched politicians’ were trained only on the hearts of many ‘democracy lov- ‘how to defeat the enemy’. ‘Comers’. The most who loved it were promise’ was not the word that they the ones who thumped their desks were ever taught in PMA. So they the hardest in the legislative assem- messed the politics in this country bly to pay a loud tribute to a leader and laid the seeds of a lingering powho naturally was speaking their litical chaos. mind. After all if the system is acMr Achakzai and his likes (politually ‘wrapped up’ as feared by Mr ticians) represent that ‘mind set’ Achakzai these elected representa- which developed and ensued durtives are the ones who are likely to ing the period of this political lose and suffer the most. chaos. The democratic system that Mr Achakzai will not be the he vouches to defend by rallying only one in the family who would around the ‘human characters’ has be deprived the privilege of repre- been tried in the past. The actual senting ‘the people’ in Parliament- recipe for health and continuity of his brother may also have to let go sustained democracy in this counthe governorship of Balochistan. So try is the ‘human institutions’. it goes for all the rich and powerThe legislative assemblies that ful elite of this country who feel he and ‘his likes’ represent are unno remorse in representing the fortunately in a state of political country that is in a sad state de- deadlock. The ‘few families’ that cline. These families of the rich wear the crown of political leaderbrothers and sisters, sons and ship has gifted this country a ‘podaughters, son in laws, mother and litical stalemate’. They have surfather in laws – they never fall out rounded themselves with the ‘legisof favor to get elected and re- lators’ who have passed the tests of elected to rule us. How we got to ‘political subordination’ and who where we are now is of course not can and will execute only their will. entirely the fault of these ‘few fami- Unchallenged from within these lies’ whose members keep return- ‘power maximizers’ only want to ing to the assemblies to rule us. ensure no damage comes to the sysThe military and its leadership tem from without. To do this they also hold a fair share of the blame. launch ‘pre-emptive strikes’ in the The generals when they were also direction of the threat. Mr in power could hardly see beyond Achakzai’s speech is one such pre-


emptive strike. The beauty about politics is that it starts where fulfillment ends. Would there be any politics if the politicians had everything they wanted? It’s ‘the want for more’ and not the development of ‘political ideas and concepts for the betterment of public’ that is central to their political activities. What the ‘powerful heads of the families’ forget is that they only rule by the con-

Reasserting in any form or method to lay the blame on a ‘perceived threat’ will not bolster democracy. Serving the people will.If today there is a threat to democracy in this country it is not from where it is being perceived. It is from the very people who constituted it in a hope that it will deliver. sent of the people. It is the people who granted them the right to rule and it is they who are entitled to take back that privilege. So if there is any threat to the democracy in Pakistan – it is from the very people that these democrats represent. Thomas Jefferson was the author of “American Declaration of Independence”. Some say it is arguably the most famous text written in

English language. Many phrases that the eventual third President of USA used in this founding document belonged to the political ideas that political scholar and thinker John Locke documented. John Locke almost four centuries earlier described a range of scenarios in which people can revolt and take back the power they have given to the government. These include – ‘if elected representatives of people are prevented from assembly, foreign powers are bestowed with authority over the people, election system or procedures are changed without public consent, the rule of law is not upheld and finally when the government seeks to deprive people of their rights. What the politicians and the generals who ruled us failed to do was to re-shape and change the life of the poor people. There was no limit to the ability of ‘people benefiting political actions’ that they could have taken but were never undertaken. Reasserting in any form or method to lay the blame on a ‘perceived threat’ will not bolster democracy. Serving the people will.If today there is a threat to democracy in this country it is not from where it is being perceived. It is from the very people who constituted it in a hope that it will deliver. The faster that hope fades away the quicker the chances of an Arab like spring in Pakistan. Watch out - when the law is prevented from ruling, it is people who take it in their own hands and become their own rulers. — The writer is a Research Scholar pursuing PhD in International Relations from Karachi University.

Rape as weapon of repression in India Dr Muhammad Khan Email:


URING her visit to Xavier Institute of Social Science (XISS) in Ranchi, Jharkhand on November 20, 2013, the former US Ambassador to India, Nancy Powel was questioned by students of institute, as to “why aren’t American students coming to India for studies?” The lady Ambassador replied that, “The concern for personal security and perceived increased danger to women as a result of the rape cases was perhaps a factor in US students’ decision regarding study in India.” Nancy Powell left India a few days back, but her statement means a lot for the world’s biggest democracy and so-called secularism. While tracing the track-record of rapes in India, one would learn that, millions of Indian women have been raped or sexually assaulted by influential people in this South Asian democracy ever since its independence in 1947. There have been thousands of cases where the foreign women, particularly the tourists have been ganged raped too. Just to quote very recent examples, on January 16, 2014, a 51 years old Danish tourist was gang-raped by a group of Indians youth in the heart of capital, New Delhi. The attackers also stole away her iPad and cash. Besides gang raping, they severely tortured her, before fleeing away. Earlier a taxi driver raped a Polish woman (a tourist) on January 3, 2014 near main railway station, New Delhi. Earlier in July 2013, a US tourist was gang-raped in the tourist town of Manali in the state of Himachal Pradesh. In yet another incident, according to NDTV, “an 18-

year-old German charity worker was raped in southern India.” She was serving the poor Indians and travelling by train from Mangalore to Chennai where she was a volunteer with a local charity. According to Official Portal of National News Agency of Malaysia, on June 7, 2014, a 30 years Malaysian business consultant woman was gang-raped in Jaipur. She came to India on May 31, and was visiting various cities in connection with some business with Indian firms. Though, following the December 2012, gang-rape of a paramedic student in a bus in New Delhi, India revised some of its laws on sex attacks, but there have been no let-up in the frequency of rapes in various parts of India. There have been thousands of cases of rapes and sexual assaults on women, particularly against Dalits, a scheduled cast. Very recently, two Indian teen agers (14 and 15 years) of lower cast from Budaun village of Uttar Pradesh were raped and later their bodies were found hanging from a tree in the village. The investigations are still underway, but it is likely that some police officers are also suspected to be part of this gang rape. Indeed, these tragic incidents of rape, uncover the reality of class society, where lower or scheduled casts are oppressed and rape is one of the weapon, being used to humiliate the community as a whole. According to a recent report of India’s National Crime Records Bureau, every day, “four Dalit women are raped, two Dalits are murdered, and two Dalit homes are torched.”According to some statistics, “A rape takes place every 22 minutes in India, but under reporting of attacks means that the frequency is likely much higher.” Nevertheless, a part from unreported cases of rapes in India, officially,

“about 25,000 rapes are committed every year in India.” Dalit’s case is different. A Dalit women interviewed by ‘Daily Beast-Women in the World’ said that, in a lethal Indian system, “We live in caste apartheid with separate villages, places of worship, and even schools.” According to this Daily, around 200 million Dalits are struggling against the unjust Indian caste system. Dalits believe that, “We are not a small

Indeed, Indian caste culture is a culture of rape. The incidents of repeated rapes and sexual violence in this era of information technology and awareness have exposed the Indian secularism and its bogus race and high ambitions for becoming a major global power and permanent member of UN. fringe group, we are a critical mass. We reject this heinous system and call ourselves Dalits.” According to this oppressed class, “Dalit meaning broken by oppression, but defined by struggle.”A recent study by the National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights reveals that, “over 67% of Dalit women have faced some form of sexual violence.” There is a big question mark on Indian domestic system and internal

dynamics of India. Indeed, Indian caste culture is a culture of rape. The incidents of repeated rapes and sexual violence in this era of information technology and awareness have exposed the Indian secularism and its bogus race and high ambitions for becoming a major global power and permanent member of UN. I am much perturbed over the role of international humanitarian organizations and human rights activists’. Their mysterious silence over the rapes and sexual violence in India has raised many questions about their hidden agendas. Indian occupied Kashmir is one such example, where Indian forces have sexually assaulted over 10,000 women ever since 1990. The founding fathers of Pakistan perhaps envisioned this Indian culture much earlier and earned for us this God gifted state of Pakistan, under the idea of “Two Nations Theory”. Today, those people who are talking against this basic ideology of Pakistan must understand the importance of Pakistan for the Muslims of South Asia. Indian Muslims, forming about 15% of Indian population are suffering the same fate as Indian Dalits. Had, there been united India, the people of today’s Pakistan could have been no exception. In Bangladesh, through blessings of Premier Hasina Wajid, India is launching an anti-Islam propaganda. We in Pakistan must understand the Indian designs and defeat any effort that amounts to undermine our basic ideology anyhow. Efforts should be made to trounce the forces either of evil (anti-state) which may appear in the form of terrorists like TTP or through soft means, foreign cultural invasion like Aman ki Aasha. — The writer is Islamabad-based analyst of International Relations.

RAQ’S second largest city fell to a powerful militant group Tuesday, a stunning development that could quickly lead to the creation of a strict Islamic state in the heart of the Middle East. This army of Muslim warriors, known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS), has already taken hundreds of square miles in both Iraq and Syria, and now threatens Baghdad. As the group consolidates its rule and starts to govern millions of Muslims, it could come close to finally restoring the medieval-era caliphate that was once envisioned by the late Al Qaeda leader, Osama bin Laden. The region has recently seen other Islam-defined regimes, such as in Iran, Egypt, Turkey, and Gaza. But this emerging state would be very different. Its fighters are multiethnic, recruited from many countries to fight in Syria’s civil war. Now they are united by a religious fervor to also take over Iraq and break the colonial-era boundaries of the Middle East’s current states. And they show no interest in allowing even limited democracy, as in Iran. The leader of ISIS, who calls himself Abu Bakr alBaghdadi, is little known. But his military success over the past year indicates he is a shadowy, savvy, and savage ruler. His brutality even caused the current Al Qaeda leader, Ayman al-Zawahiri, to break with the group. By taking the Iraqi city of Mosul – in only a four-day battle – the group may have won the capital for its anticipated caliphate. It so far faces weak military resistance from the Iraqi regime of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, who has alienated the country’s Sunni minority with his Shiite-dominated and authoritarian rule. While the world may be alarmed at the possibility of an almost borderless Islamic theocracy, especially one that might export terrorists, such a concern must be tempered by the possibility that such a regime would be inherently flawed and create the seeds for its own collapse. Up to now, ISIS has relied on extortion rackets and oil smuggling to raise money. Such corruption erodes its legitimacy as a pious ruler. While little is known of its social demands on those it now rules, chances are they will offend moderate Muslims. An estimated 500,000 people fled Mosul as the group advanced on the city. Its implementation of strict Islamic law and cultural purity will not sit well with a region that is growing accustomed to constitutional order under secular rule of law and feeling the influence of the Internet. The group also largely defines itself by what it opposes – Shiites, Israel, the West, and nonreligious Arab leaders. Such hate is no basis for creating any cohesion among the people it governs. And its record of killing innocent people through terrorist acts violates an understanding of the Quran adopted by almost every Muslim. In other words, the world must be cautious rather than fearful as it orchestrates a response to this unusual Middle East threat. Patience and wisdom, rather than war, may help bring the downfall of a group whose ideas are devoid of substance. — The Christian Science Monitor

The sublime and ridiculous are often so nearly related that it is difficult to class them separately. One step above the sublime makes the ridiculous; and one step above the ridiculous makes the sublime again. — Thomas Paine British writer

Of the gift of the gab! speech but also faithfully convey the mood and intonation of the delegate taking the floor. This ensures that the atmospherics are not lost in Khalid Saleem translation. The year was 1977 and the Email: occasion the annual meeting of the United Nations Human Rights Commission. (As HIS blessed planet of ours is Pakistan’s alternate delegate, I had in a state of sixes and sevens. been elected the Rapporteur of that As one looks at images of the session). The United States’ represendevastated landscape of the once hus- tative had managed to ruffle the feathtling, bustling lands that are flashed ers of the Soviet delegate by playing across the TV screens, the one up the sensitive issue of the detenthought that comes readily to mind tion of some dissidents in the USSR. is that the United Nations has not The Soviet Union’s representative exactly covered itself with glory. The happened to be one of the last of the Nobel Peace Prize notwithstanding, great breed of diplomats of the era, the United Nations and its former Valerian Zorin. Mr. Zorin took the Secretary General were in the news floor and in a classical display of fimore for acts of omission than for any ery oratory carried all before him. He constructive initiatives aimed at pre- spoke in Russian, of course, but the interpreter matched his oratory - not serving or promoting peace. Subsequently, given the may- just the language but also the flair, hem let loose by the War on Terror, the flow of rhetoric and the atmoone hardly ever hears mention of spherics. One was left with the eerie the World Body in the discussions feeling that one was listening to his of the sages. Lest the aforesaid lead intervention in original. Such is the the reader to the conclusion that this power of a good interpreter. There is, of course, the other side is another one of those self-righteous pieces, one would hasten to of the coin. For every orator, there clarify that this is not so and that are a hundred others who are so fond one’s intentions are strictly of listening to their own voices that they drone on and on and on in rehonourable. To be fair, with all its faults, the petitive monotone. The interpreters, United Nations is not entirely devoid in such cases, make no attempt at all of good points. Let us take one as- to improve upon the original renderpect. Those of us who have had the ing. Needless to add, all these privilege of sitting through one of speeches inspire is a procession of those tense confrontations, that erupt delegates heading towards the coffee every now and then in the United lounge. Those bound to their seats Nation’s ancillary bodies, cannot but either by force of habit or through have come away with anything but strict adherence to their briefs can be praise for the dedicated band of in- seen nodding away, barely awake. But to revert to the theme at hand, terpreters that service the World Body. The best of these interpreters it is an accepted fact that some indiwill not only translate the text of the viduals talk more than others. The

Friendly Fire


same is true of communities; some are talkative by nature, others are not. Even among the talkative ones, there exist distinct sub-categories. Some talk sparingly; others talk at leisure; still others talk with a purpose. Call it what you will, it is the urge to talk - or the absence thereof - that sets communities apart. The Japanese Ambassador, a close friend, disclosed once that two or more Japanese could spend hours together without uttering a word, unless there was something worthwhile to talk about. Idle gossip, it would appear, is not the forte of the Japanese. Some of Japan’s neighboring nations, though, have no such qualms about small talk. So, one can hardly pin it down on regional or climatic culture. In the olden days, for instance, the English race had a reputation for aloofness. So much so that it was reputed that two Englishmen (or women) would not exchange a word unless and until they had been properly introduced. In other words, presence of a third party was a prerequisite to get a conversation going. Not any third party, mind you, but one well acquainted with both the parties of the first order. Across the channel, there were no such inhibitions! There are several countries in South and West Asia, the inhabitants of which enjoy long sessions of small talk. Such occasions are relished not for any serious purpose but merely because they afford opportunities to get things off one’s chest. The ‘qat’ sessions in Yemen are a case in point. People in these regions would be horrified if they were expected to spend extended periods without exchanging a word simply because there was nothing ‘worthwhile’ to talk about! A cursory glance at the idiosyncrasies peculiar to divers nations may be relevant at this stage. Some

peoples are mild and soft-spoken; others are rough and gruff. Still others (like the French) convey as much through their hand gestures as their tongues. Different peoples express the same things in entirely different fashions. There are those, particularly in the Far East, for instance, who would go to ridiculous lengths to avoid having to saying ‘no’; even when they mean it. This leads to embarrassing and, at times, to amusing situations. Here is the true story of a Pakistani officials’ delegation that visited Japan in the 1950s to negotiate an economic accord. The delegation would call at the concerned Japanese office day after day, each time returning with the impression that the matter was under sympathetic consideration. After five days of this charade, Pakistan’s Ambassador in Tokyo was urgently summoned to the Japanese Foreign Office. The Japanese wished to be informed as to why the Pakistani delegation insisted on calling again and again when the Japanese side had made it clear in the second session that no progress was possible. It turned out that the Japanese side (true to their national characteristic) had not found it expedient to say ‘no’ directly, since ‘they did not wish to hurt the sensitivities of their guests’. What they did instead was to drop broad polite hints to this effect. The guest delegates simply failed to decipher the message. The rest is history. The aforementioned all goes to prove that international communication is not as simple as one would be led to believe. The mere services of an interpreter, however good, still may not suffice. Gives one food for thought that; does it not? — The writer is a former Ambassador of Pakistan.

Views From Abroad

Middle East under threat - not our fault Tony Blair


HE civil war in Syria with its attendant disintegration is hav ing its predictable and malign effect. Iraq is now in mortal danger. The whole of the Middle East is under threat. We will have to rethink our strategy towards Syria; support the Iraqi Government in beating back the insurgency; whilst making it clear that Iraq’s politics will have to change for any resolution of the current crisis to be sustained. Then we need a comprehensive plan for the Middle East that correctly learns the lessons of the past decade. In doing so, we should listen to and work closely with our allies across the region, whose understanding of these issues is crucial and who are prepared to work with us in fighting the root causes of this extremism which goes far beyond the crisis in Iraq or Syria. It is inevitable that events in Mosul have led to a rerun of the arguments over the decision to remove Saddam Hussein in 2003. The key question obviously is what to do now. But because some of the commentary has gone immediately to claim that but for that decision, Iraq would not be facing this challenge; or even more extraordinary, implying that but for the decision, the Middle East would be at peace right now; it is necessary that certain points are made forcefully before putting forward a solution to what is happening now. 3/4 years ago al Qaeda in Iraq was a beaten force. The country had massive challenges but had a prospect, at least, of overcoming them. It did not pose a threat to its neighbours. Indeed, since the removal of Saddam, and despite the bloodshed, Iraq had contained its own instability mostly within its own borders. Though the challenge of terrorism was and is very real, the sectarianism of the Maliki Government snuffed out what was a genuine op-

portunity to build a cohesive Iraq. This, combined with the failure to use the oil money to rebuild the country, and the inadequacy of the Iraqi forces have led to the alienation of the Sunni community and the inability of the Iraqi army to repulse the attack on Mosul and the earlier loss of Fallujah. And there will be debate about whether the withdrawal of US forces happened too soon. So it is a bizarre reading of the cauldron that is the Middle East today, to claim that but for the removal of Saddam, we would not have a crisis. And it is here that if we want the right policy for the future, we have to learn properly the lessons not just of Iraq in 2003 but of the Arab uprisings from 2011 onwards. The reality is that the whole of the Middle East and beyond is going through a huge, agonising and protracted transition. We have to liberate ourselves from the notion that ‘we’ have caused this. We haven’t. We can argue as to whether our policies at points have helped or not; and whether action or inaction is the best policy and there is a lot to be said on both sides. But the fundamental cause of the crisis lies within the region not outside it. The problems of the Middle East are the product of bad systems of politics mixed with a bad abuse of religion going back over a long time. Poor governance, weak institutions, oppressive rule and a failure within parts of Islam to work out a sensible relationship between religion and Government have combined to create countries which are simply unprepared for the modern world. Put into that mix, young populations with no effective job opportunities and education systems that do not correspond to the requirements of the future economy, and you have a toxic, inherently unstable matrix of factors that was always – repeat always – going to lead to a revolution. But because of the way these factors interrelate, the revolution was never going to be straightforward.

This is the true lesson of Iraq. But it is also the lesson from the whole of the so-called Arab Spring. The fact is that as a result of the way these societies have developed and because Islamism of various descriptions became the focal point of opposition to oppression, the removal of the dictatorship is only the beginning not the end of the challenge. Once the regime changes, then out come pouring all the tensions – tribal, ethnic and of course above all religious; and the rebuilding of the country, with functioning institutions and systems of Government, becomes incredibly hard. The extremism destabilises the country, hinders the attempts at development, the sectarian divisions become even more acute and the result is the mess we see all over the region. And beyond it. Look at Pakistan or Afghanistan and the same elements are present. Repressive systems of Government have played their part in the breeding of the extremism. A return to the past for the Middle East is neither right nor feasible. On the contrary there has to be change and there will be. However, we have to have a more graduated approach, which tries to help change happen without the chaos. We were naive about the Arab uprisings which began in 2011. Evolution is preferable to revolution. I said this at the time, precisely because of what we learnt from Iraq and Afghanistan. Sometimes evolution is not possible. But where we can, we should be helping countries make steady progress towards change. We should be actively trying to encourage and help the reform process and using the full weight of the international community to do so. Where there has been revolution, we have to be clear we will not support systems or Governments based on sectarian religious politics. Where the extremists are fighting, they have to be countered hard, with force. This does not mean Western troops as in Iraq. There are masses

of responses we can make short of that. But they need to know that wherever they’re engaged in terror, we will be hitting them. Longer term, we have to make a concerted effort to reform the education systems, formal and informal which are giving rise to the extremism. It should be part of our dialogue and partnership with all nations that we expect education to be openminded and respectful of difference whether of faith culture or race. We should make sure our systems reflect these values; they should do the same. This is the very reason why, after I left office I established a Foundation now active in the education systems of over 20 different countries, including in the Middle East, promoting a programme of religious and cultural coexistence. We should make this a focal point of cooperation between East and West. China, Russia, Europe and the USA all have the same challenge of extremism. For the avoidance of doubt, I am neither minimising our differences especially over issues like Ukraine, nor suggesting a weakening of our position there; simply that on this issue of extremism, we can and should work together. We should acknowledge that the challenge goes far further afield than the Middle East. Africa faces it as the ghastly events in Nigeria show. The Far East faces it. Central Asia too. The point is that we won’t win the fight until we accept the nature of it. Iraq is part of a much bigger picture. By all means argue about the wisdom of earlier decisions. But it is the decisions now that will matter. The choices are all pretty ugly, it is true. But for 3 years we have watched Syria descend into the abyss and as it is going down, it is slowly but surely wrapping its cords around us pulling us down with it. We have to put aside the differences of the past and act now to save the future. The writer is former prime minister of UK. — Courtesy: The Telegraph


T was an open grave I passed on my way out of the cem etery: Quite often gravediggers dig graves beforehand and keep them open and ready for the next body to come. But as I passed the grave, I heard a chuckle and shuddered, “I could be open for you!” said the open grave sending shivers down my spine. “I still have many years left,” I said and tried to walk away, but something held me back to the talking, open grave. “There’s none yet who died, who didn’t think he

you!” chuckled the open grave, its dark insides staring gloomily at me. “No” I said, “I have many years to live!” “I’m a bit of a crotchety type,” said the open grave, “Once you’re dead, you’re dead. I don’t want you squirming and turning inside me, all wide awake, when you should be resting and still!” “Why ever would I do that?” I asked, “See what it says on all you graves, ‘RIP, Rest In Peace!’ The sound of laughter that came from all over the cemetery was startling, “Rest In Peace!” chortled all the graves, the guffawing rising to alarming proportions, “All that happens when you get shoved here is guilt!” “And shame!” “Moaning!” “Crying!” “Tossing” “And turning!” “You know something,” said the Open grave, “I like

Kitchen gardening ISRAR SALEEM In order to promote ‘kitchen gardening’ in the Province, the Punjab Agriculture Department (PAD) has initiated supply of packets of different vegetables’ seeds to the people. To me it is a positive initiative by the Provincial government as this is the area in which we lack most. According to medical research, the daily use of 280 grams of vegetables per head can help maintain good human health. Unfortunately in Pakistan use of vegetable is below the internationally required standards. This was also witnessed in a recently held workshop in which Vegetables Development Project Director, Muhammad Asif Khan said that promotion of kitchen gardening is essential to resolve the issues of public health and improving the lives of the masses. In developed countries, he said, it is taken as industry. Head of Institute of Vegetable Research Faisalabad, Dr Shahid Niaz Nazim claimed that his institute was working hard to create awareness amongst the masses about kitchen gardening and its production technology. As a botanist and student of agriculture, I believe the initiative will go a long way in changing our traditional concept of kitchen gardening and the Punjab Government must be credited for this. —Rawalpindi

Business communication SALMAN AHMED The importance of communication in business cannot be overlooked. Business communication consists of two aspects, internal and external communications. Internal communications take place when people within the same company communicate and interact with each other. Big companies, with larger work force, make this an essential aspect of running their business, and this involves decision making, issuance of orders and guidelines, reporting of results, reporting of complaints, discussion of new ideas, examination of client needs, determining of marketing strategies, production of the goods and communications for the motivation of employees. All of these aspects are crucial for smooth running of a business, and embracing new technology in the modern world for these purposes will be nothing but helpful. The other form of communication that is necessary is external communication, and this involves interacting with vendors, clients, customers, press representatives and legal representatives and a comprehensive mechanism for monitoring of the market forces vis-a-vis their products and collection of the feedback. All of these channels require great tact and showmanship, and no company can survive without following the proper lines of communication. The needs of the clients need to be understood, the progress needs to be regularly conveyed to them, the procurement of raw materials needs to be carried out, the synergy and partnership with other companies needs to be nurtured, and the customers need to be targeted properly. All of these tasks require a concentrated effort from all departments of the organization, and this can only be achieved through proper means of business communication. The importance of business communication in modern day scenarios must not be underestimated by any means, since this is the life blood of any company. Embracing new technology for this purpose is also essential, and all successful companies know this. —Via emil

Unhygienic food AYAZ ASLAM


he younger generation of 21st century believes in living to eat instead of eating to live. The fast food items look so tempting, tasty and delicious but if we look deep inside from a hygienic view, it is destroying our metabolism and health. This unhygienic food has become an addiction for our new generation which is growing up rapidly day by day. Not knowing the fact that this fast food is the most destructive and dangerous for our precious health, today’s youngsters are getting attracted towards it by its tempting and appealing texture and its aroma and take it as their regular meal. Instead of going for this kind of unhygienic food why don’t we have something that is natural, simple, healthy and hygienic? —Via email unaware are the parents of today that despite being educated they fail to reach to the root cause of their child’s problems, instead use stringent methods which later trigger life long conflicts between them. In contrary, the whole idea of speaking to the teenagers (aged 13-15) present at that situation was very pleasing. Firstly, the host spoke to a mother who was miffed with her 15 year old daughter for being in love with her classmate. The mother came to the show with her daughter sitting right next to her, to seek help to resolve this matter. Therefore, when she narrated the whole scenario to the host and the guest speakers, they instead of talking bias and making her daughter understand, started pin-pointing the mother for holding such a wrong approach she had towards solving the whole matter. The hostess also used harsh taunting words for the mother, which in my opinion laid a wrong impact on her 15 year-old daughter, who was already thinking negative about her mother. Moreover, certain parts of the show were very unethical and were halting personal point of views. Although the topic was worth it but not in front of the children themselves, where their parents were directly told that they are adopting a wrong approach in upbringing their children. In my opinion our cultural and religious norms should be kept under consideration before broadcasting shows on media so that right approaches and norms are not hampered. —Karachi

Agricultural problems AYAZ ASLAM

Agriculture is a major sector and occupies a very important place in the economy of Pakistan. It provides not only food for our growing population but is also a source of raw materials for our principal industries as well as a source of foreign exchange for our government. About 75% of our people are engaged directly or directly with this profession. The farmers of our country are mostly uneducated and lack technical knowledge. They are unable to understand the modern scientific methods of agriculture and often remain ignorant of good means to protect and increase their yield. Their production is therefore low. Due to excessive use of canal water, most of our cultivated lands have become victims of dangerous diseases. Every year, salinity alone, is turning about 1,00,000 acres of arable land into marches and salt lands. Water-logging is no less injurious. The marketing facilities for agricultural products in Pakistan are still far from satisfactory level. Our cultivators cannot get fair prices for their produce due to defective marketing organization. Due to lack of agricultural education and methods of modern research, our farmers, cannot control various diseases of the crops and attacks of pests and insects. The result is low yield. The yield per acre of various crops in our country is comparatively low than many of the other countries. We have to make policies for the agricultural development and promote awareness among the illiterate farmers. Besides, marketing facilities should be provided to the cultivators. Feudalism should be abolished; different agricultural zones should be introduced and more dams need to be MOOMAL ZAFAR SIDDIQUI constructed. If we solve these problems, Inshallah, our agricultural problems will be resolved and our counI am writing to express my opin- try will become an economically ion on the kind of content that was powerful nation. aired on one of the strikingly —Via email watched morning shows “Utho Jaago Pakistan” on 23rd April 2014. The topic of the discussion was “Love and infatuation in teenagers”. No doubt it was a worth discussing topic for educating the HASAN FAROOQ parents by recommending them how to tackle with the situation when their child feels infatuated in The problem with smaller investhis/her teenage through expert ad- ments is that you cannot opt for somevice. Although the discussion thing like mutual funds, annuity, colstarted smoothly and the points lective investment schemes, insurraised by expert speakers were un- ance or any such investment channel doubtedly valid on how our dramas that requires high recurring payment and films are manipulating the over a number of years. This considminds of the youngsters and divert- erably shortens the list of your poing them towards the darker side tential investment channels. Thus you of life on a bigger picture and how are left with quite a few of them,

Be careful in counselling teens

The open grave..! could live a little more,” chuckled the grave, “See the one next to me!” “It’s just a mound of mud packed together,” I said, “Couldn’t they have built a tombstone at least?” “You should have seen his funeral,” chuckled the open grave, “They scrambled on all the surrounding graves, and I hurt for days with the scratches made by fancy boots and ladies heels! But once he was buried, no one comes to visit, not even the undertaker to lay a stone!” “Once they die, they’re forgotten,” said a grave behind me startling me with it’s baritone voice, “In me lies the best singer in the city, his voice was the toast of the town, but when he was laid here and his voice heard no more, he’s forgotten!” “That’s sad!” I said. “I could be open for

Voice of the People

your size, I think you would be a good fit!” “No,” I shuddered, “Not yet!” “But when you do come, brought here by those pallbearers, please see you have made peace with your family and friends!” “Forgiven you enemies!” “And are a child of God!” “We don’t want you folk, turning and tossing, and spoiling our siestas,” said all the graves together. “Make your peace!” whispered the open grave, “I like your size..!” A funeral came down the path, towards the open grave, and I swear I saw the body toss a wee bit, and do a turn, as I heard the open grave mutter to himself, “There goes my rest. Can’t they make their peace before they get here?” —Email:

Smaller investments

namely, currency, gold, silver, shares and stocks, etc. You can use the aforementioned formula to ascertain profitability in such investments, as lets face it, the result is definitely unpredictable. Which reminds me, the disclaimer: any investment mentioned below is unpredictable and proper analysis of the investment channel is advisable, before you actually make the investment. —Via email

Importance of religion ARSLAN DAYO The communist movement in Pakistan is weak because some pseudo type communist thinks that to be a communist, one must don’t believe in religion and so they un-necessarily discuss religion in public. The peoples generally consider religion more supreme than anything else. So don’t waste your energies in saying anything against any religion. If you are a true communist, just talk of issues which people of Pakistan are facing and do issue oriented politics and educate masses about ‘Socialism’ and don’t indulge in religious discussions, as the followers of all religions exist everywhere in the world. CPP believes that any person who supports or believes in the principles of communism is a communist even without joining Communist Party of Pakistan. Whereas communism is an economic and social system envisioned by the 19th century German scholar Karl Marx. In theory, under communism, all means of production are owned by State, rather than by individuals. —Karachi

A positive step S M KHAN Sindh government has taken a positive step by advertising vacancies in media for the posts of Registrars, Controller of Examinations and Director Finance for 20 educational institutions including Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Lyari University, Karachi. The last date for submission of applications is June 16, 2014. It is heartening to note that maximum age for applying for the said posts, has been fixed 60 years as previously retirees (above 60) were working against various key posts on contract basis. I hope no further relaxation in age would be granted in any case by Sindh government as rehiring after retirement on contract basis is flagrant violation of the directives of the Supreme Court of Pakistan and also Sindh High Court. It is sad to note that some officers who are presently working on contract basis even after their retirement in government educational institutes in Sindh are compelling teachers of the concerned Universities/ Institutes to boycott the classes in order to pressurize Sindh government to cancel or amend the said advertisement so that such officers may be retained despite such practice is totally wrong, illegal and unacceptable. Still in various organizations of Sindh government, the employees of above 60 years are working as chairmen like in BBSYDP that is also an open violation of the orders of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. I, once again appeal to the Sindh government to strictly implement the terms and conditions stated in the said advertisement and no relaxation including age may be given to any one, in order to ensure transparency and also those who were rehired on contract basis after their retirement against directive of the Supreme Court, may be removed immediately. —Karachi

DISCLAIMER THE articles, columns and letters are published on these pages in good faith. However, the contents of these writings may not necessarily match the views of the newspaper.


Ukraine minister under fire for swearing about Putin

China summons Japan defense attache over jets dispute BEIJING—China summoned Japan’s defense attache on Friday to lodge a protest after the two countries traded accusations over the conduct of military jets above disputed waters, the Defence Ministry said. Tensions flared between Asia’s two largest economies last week, when each country accused the other of flying military aircraft too close to its own jets. “The Japanese side ignores reality and has flipped right and wrong, making groundless accusations,” China’s Defence Ministry said in a statement on its website. “The Japanese side ignores reality and has flipped right and wrong, making groundless accusations,” China’s Defence Ministry said in a statement on its website. Tokyo has “persistently taken it upon itself to stir up trouble, often irresponsibly inciting deception and making malicious attacks on the Chinese side,” the statement added, calling on Tokyo to “immediately correct the error”. Tokyo lodged a protest on Wednesday, when Japan said Chinese fighter jets flew “abnormally close” to Japanese military aircraft over the East China Sea, a charge Beijing rejected. On Thursday, China said two Japanese F-15 planes followed a Chinese Tu-154 aircraft, coming as close as 30 meters, “seriously affecting China’s flight safety”. It posted a video allegedly showing the incident on the defense ministry website, but Japanese officials said China’s assertion was not true. The tit-for-tat accusations and denials are part of a long-running territorial dispute between the two countries. They follow a similar incident on May 24, when Japan said Chinese aircraft came within a few dozen meters of its warplanes. Both sides claim a string of Japanese-administered islets in the East China Sea, known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China. Beijing declared an air defense zone covering most of the East China Sea last year, sparking protests from Japan and the United States—Reuters.

Gunmen kill seven Yemen army medics SA’NA—The official said the militants opened fire on the bus about 15 km north of Aden while it was en route to the nearby Basaheeb military hospital. A woman was among the dead and 11 people were wounded, the official said. “I haven’t seen anything scarier than this. The gunmen came out suddenly and opened fire,” said Mohammed Saleh, a civilian witness at the scene. Attacks against Yemen’s security forces have increased since the army launched an unprecedented campaign beginning in late April to dislodge al Qaeda militants from strongholds in southern Yemen. The impoverished Arab country which borders oil giant Saudi Arabia is home to al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, one of the global Islamist militant group’s most active wings.—Reuters.

Novohannivka (Ukraine)—Ukraine’s new president declared Sunday a day of mourning and vowed to punish those responsible after pro-Russia separatists shot down a Ukrainian military transport plane, killing all 49 crew and troops aboard. It was a bitter setback for the Ukrainian forces — the deadliest single incident yet in their escalating battle against an armed insurgency that the government, backed by the U.S., insists is supported by Russia. Acting Foreign Minister Andriy Deshchytsia tried to persuade protesters not to use violence at the rally on Saturday evening, during which the Russian flag was ripped up, vehicles overturned and stones and eggs thrown at the embassy. “We must fulfill our international obligations, including defending the right of Russia to have an embassy in Ukraine,” he told the protesters, angered by pro-Rus-

sian separatists shooting down a military cargo plane in east Ukraine, killing 49 people. But challenged by the protesters, he added: “Did I say that I am against you protesting? I am for you protesting. I am ready to be here with you and say ‘Russia, get out of Ukraine’.” “Yes, Putin is a dickhead, yes,” he went on to say and the protesters responded by chanting the phrase. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, in a telephone call with his french counterpart on Sunday, “expressed outrage over the inaction of the Kiev authorities who allowed the rioting outside the Russian embassy,” the ministry said in a statement. Lavrov has protested to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe about the violent rally at the embassy and the United States and the European Union have condemned it.

Saudis strongly favor female Cabinet ministers

Alexei Pushkov, head of the Russian lower house of parliament’s international affairs committee, said Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko should dismiss Deshchytsia. “Poroshenko should change his foreign minister. He doesn’t control himself very well,” Pushkov said on Twitter, and went on to suggest in televised comments that Moscow should halt all dialogue with Kiev and cut off gas supplies to Ukraine. Leonid Kalashnikov, Pushkov’s deputy on the same committee, told Ekho Moskvy radio station in Moscow that Deshchystia came from the protest movement that toppled Ukraine’s previous, Moscow-leaning president and did not know his “craft”. “I can’t really imagine how anyone, especially a Russian representative, can sit down at the negotiating table with him after such an outburst,” Kalashnikov said.— Reuters.

Syria army recaptures strategic town of Kassab in Latakia Province.

JEDDAH—Calls are mounting for the appointment of women to the Cabinet to further strengthen government’s efforts led by Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah for women empowerment.

Fifty-four percent of people who participated in a survey conducted by Khadija bint Khuwailed Center at the Jeddah Chamber of Commerce & Industry backed appointment of women as ministers to expand their role in nation-building endeavors. Speaking with Arab News over the issue, Maha Akeel, director of information department at the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, expressed optimism. “We have seen so many initiatives by King Abdullah in recent years for empowerment of women, including their appointment to the Shoura Council and creating more job opportunities for women in different sectors,” she said. “The survey result is a positive indication as more than half of the participants support appointment of women as ministers and I am sure it will happen eventually and will not take very long,” Akeel said. Asked whether women ministers would make life of Saudi women better, she said: “Women ministers will serve the whole society as the appointment will be made on the basis of merit and not gender.” She emphasized the need for providing equal opportunities for both men and women. Basma Omair, executive director of Khadija center, said the survey result reflected a major change in the attitude of people toward women.—AP

Israel accuses Hamas militants Manning accuses US of lying about Iraq behind abduction of three teens

NEW YORK—The detained coverage of its long involve-

JERUSALEM—Israel said on Sunday Hamas militants had abducted three Israeli teenagers in the occupied West Bank, warning of “serious consequences” as it pressed on with a search and detained dozens of Palestinians. The two 16-year-olds and a third man aged 19 disappeared on Thursday night in the West Bank, where they were seminary students in a Jewish settlement. “These teenagers were kidnapped and the kidnapping was carried out by Hamas members,” Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told reporters in English, referring to the Palestinian Islamist group that controls the Gaza Strip. There has been no public claim of responsibility. Asked about Netanyahu’s allegations, Sami Abu Zuhri, a Hamas spokesman in the Gaza Strip, stopped short of a clear denial or confirmation that it was involved. Since the three went missing, apparently while hitchhiking, the Israeli army has carried out house-to-house searches, round-ups and interrogations in the Palestinian city of Hebron and outlying villages. In a statement, the military said as part of the “effort to return the three abducted Israeli teenagers approximately 80 Palestinian suspects were detained in a widespread overnight operation”. Palestinian officials

put the number of people taken into custody so far by Israeli authorities at more than 100 and said they included at least seven Hamas members of the Palestinian parliament and several prisoners recently released by Israel. Israel identified the seminary students as Eyal Yifrach, Gil-ad Sha’er and Naftali Frankel, who also holds U.S. citizenship. “Naftali, your dad and mom and siblings love you endlessly, and you should know that the people of Israel are turning the world upside down to bring you home,” Frankel’s mother, Rachel, said in a televised statement outside the family home. The incident tests ties between the Israeli government and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, which were frayed by his power-sharing deal in April with Hamas, a group that advocates Israel’s destruction. In broadcast remarks at a cabinet session in Tel Aviv, Netanyahu said Israel was focusing all its efforts on bringing the teenagers home. “This will have serious consequences,” said Netanyahu, who has been overseeing security efforts at the main military headquarters in the Mediterranean city. Later, in his English-language remarks, he pledged that “Israel will act against the kidnappers and their terrorist sponsors and comrades.—AP

US soldier convicted of leaking a trove of secret documents to WikiLeaks made a rare foray into public life to warn Americans they were being lied to about Iraq once more. Chelsea Manning is serving a 35-year prison sentence on espionage charges and other offenses for passing along 700,000 secret documents, including diplomatic cables and military intelligence files, to anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks in the largest-scale leak in US history. “I understand that my actions violated the law. However, the concerns that motivated me have not been resolved,” the soldier formerly known as Bradley Manning wrote in a New York Times editorial. “As Iraq erupts in civil war and America again contemplates intervention, that unfinished business should give new urgency to the question of how the United States military controlled the media

ment there and in Afghanistan.” President Barack Obama said this week he was “looking at all the options” to halt the offensive that has brought militants within 50 miles (80 kilometers) of Baghdad’s city limits, but ruled out any return of US combat troops. Obama has been under mounting fire from Republican critics over the swift collapse of Iraq’s security forces, which Washington spent billions of dollars training and equipping before pulling out its own troops in 2011. U.S. Military Positioning Itself For Possibl Acti … Play Video U.S. Military Positioning Itself For Possible Action … While the US military was upbeat in its public outlook on the 2010 Iraqi parliamentary elections, suggesting it had helped bring stability and democracy to the country, “those of us stationed there were acutely aware of a more complicated reality—AP

US stuck between dispensability and decline EHSAN M AHRARI


N his second inaugural address in January 1997, president Bill Clinton stated, “America stands alone as the world’s indispensable nation.” [1] Since then, that phrase has been used on a frequent basis. America as an indispensable nation underscores its dominance since the end of World War II in resolving conflicts, its role as a major enabler of global economic stability and prosperity in Western Europe and Japan, and, most important of all, its containment of the former Soviet Union and crucial role in bringing about its eventual implosion. However, since 2008, in the aftermath of the global economic meltdown and enormous damage stemming from the wars of Afghanistan, Iraq, and then back to Afghanistan, the United States’ capability to act as an indispensable nation has been palpably diminished. One of the propositions that is now frequently proffered by some specialists on America’s foreign policy is that the US appears to be transforming into a “dispensable” nation. Vali Nasr is one such specialist. The focus of inquiry in his book, Dispensable Nation [2], is President Barack Obama’s policies toward Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq and the rest of the Arab world. If one were to consider the proposition that America is becoming a dispensable nation, the logical question is which country is likely to replace it by becoming an “indispensable” nation. The People’s Republic of China (PRC) emerges as a highly likely inheritor of that moniker in the next two decades. One of the chief reasons for America’s emergence as a dispensable nation is the socalled pragmatic/reluctant style of President Barack Obama toward regional conflicts. View-

ing one way, that role is refreshing and a radical departure from the highly interventionist style of his predecessor, George W Bush. Examining that role from another angle, however, America’s lowered global style might negatively affect its global reputation as a proactive hegemon which had been more than ready to restructure regional order for the enhancement of regional (and eventually global) stability. By playing the leadership role, the United States improved its global standing and image. A continually reluctant and a declining superpower provides an excellent rationale for the PRC to escalate its own global presence and its attendant influence. Vali Nasr’s book is a harsh but a superb critique of the policies of Obama in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, and the rest of the Arab World. He saves one of the most significant topics of contemporary global politics, the US-China rivalry, for his concluding chapter. Barack Obama came to the presidency by promising to conduct his own “good war” in Afghanistan. (p13) That was his explicit reproof that his predecessor, George W Bush, was fighting the wrong war in Iraq. Maybe so; however, Bush was doing one thing right in the realm of his so-called “global war on terrorism”. He made sure that Pakistan was supportive of the US war in Afghanistan. Of course, one can argue ad infinitum whether Pakistan under General Pervez Musharraf was really supporting the United States. And that is a valid point, given the fact that Musharraf remained duplicitous with the Bush administration from 2001 through his ouster from power in 2008. Even in that capacity, Pakistan was doing very little to sabotage the US fight in Afghanistan. On his part, President Obama will be

known for his sustained alienation of Pakistan from his strategic endeavors to win in Afghanistan. As much as Obama has been touted by the domestic and global media as a highly intelligent and a well-read president, he never demonstrated that he read much about the complicated history of Pakistan-Afghanistan ties, and Pakistan’s ostensibly obsessive quest for “strategic depth” in Afghanistan. An extremely crucial aspect of that quest has been minimizing, if not eliminating, the presence and influence of India in Afghanistan. Since South Asia - in reality Pakistan and Afghanistan - was such an important aspect of Obama’s foreign policy after he entered the White House, he appointed Richard Holbrooke as a Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan. However, he never even met with Holbrooke on a one-to-one basis to hear Holbrooke’s strategic perspectives and his deep understanding of those countries, and most importantly, about how to get out of the Afghan imbroglio. Even though Obama needed that crucial strategic understanding of the dynamics of the Afghan crisis, the fact that his White House staff took full control of the Pakistan-Afghanistan policy became the chief reason for his palpable failure in at least coming close to resolving that conflict. The rivalry between the Department of State and the White House resulted in the lack of effectiveness of Holbrooke to serve Obama. The dysfunctionality of that rivalry set America on the road to ultimate failure in Afghanistan. Regarding Pakistan’s perspective on the Taliban of Afghanistan, Nasr writes, they were “viewed as a strategic asset that could keep India out of Afghanistan and under Pakistan’s control” (p16), while the United States was fighting to eliminate them as a strategic chal-

lenge to the security and stability of Afghanistan. Even when General Musharraf was helping George Bush in Afghanistan, the author observes, “Pakistan had made a merely tactical withdrawal from Afghanistan and was only waiting for the right time to go back. Afghanistan was simply too important to Pakistan’s sense of its own security and to its strategic ambitions for it to stop meddling in its neighbors’ affairs on America’s say so”. While appearing to be staying in Afghanistan long enough to defeat the Taliban, Obama acted as if he knew that he was not likely to win in that country and wanted to get out “honorably”, to use a phrase that was popular in the context of the discussions of America’s exit from South Vietnam in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Thus, an alternative strategy was to develop an Afghan army, which, along the lines of a similar hope for the Iraqi army, was expected to replace the American forces in fighting domestic insurgents and terrorists. Pakistan immediately became palpably nervous about the US training of the Afghan force. In fact, Chief of Army Staff General Ashfaq Pervez Kayani was quite explicit in advising the US delegation not to train the Afghan army and then leave that country. Since the US Congress will not continue to pay billions of dollars in maintaining such an army after the US departure from Afghanistan, Kayani stated that the “half-trained army will break into militias that will be a problem for Pakistan”. (p11) The bottom-line advice of the Pakistani general was: “If you want to leave, just leave we didn’t believe you were going to stay anyway - but don’t do any more damage on your way out.” (p12) Needless to say, America did not take his advice. —Courtesy: Asia Times.

Beijing to play more active role in Iran talks WU JIANG


RAN is starting a new round of dialogues on its nuclear issue with the US, Russia, the UK, France, Germany and China Monday. The international community has been expecting that all parties involved will conclude a reliable and comprehensive agreement on Iran’s nuclear program before July 20. And the international community has in particular expected China to play a significant role in this process. In recent years, the Western world has been groundlessly accusing China of supporting Iran’s development of nuclear weapons and helping the country shirk sanctions imposed by the international community. It is indubitable, however, that China is playing an increasingly positive and critical role in resolving Iran’s nuclear conundrum. Growing national strength and diplomatic confidence enable China to play a more ambitious role on the world stage. Furthermore, Beijing has important interests in Iran. China needs to import an enormous amount of oil from this Middle Eastern country. As Iran has the third largest proven oil deposits and the largest natural gas reserves, cooperation and trade between Beijing and Tehran in the energy arena will be of great significance to China. The two countries inked a pact in May, according to which Iran would begin exporting 400,000 barrels of oil a day to China. And adhering to the principle of nuclear non-proliferation on the premise of peaceful utilization of nuclear power is of vital importance to Beijing. China is fully aware that any country with the potential to develop nuclear weapons can pose a severe threat to regional and international security. In addition, Iran has been bogged down in simmering tensions with Arab countries over security and religion. China needs to maintain friendship with the vast Arab world including Saudi Arabia, and so it should strike a balance in its ties with Iran and Arab countries in a bid to avoid being interpreted as siding with Tehran. Guaranteeing economy security and stability in the Middle East is in Beijing’s essential interests too. Regarding Iran’s nuclear issue, China has spared no effort in prompting the stakeholders involved to negotiate and communicate with each other. While preventing the US and some other countries from imposing more aggressive measures, Beijing is wielding limited pressure on Tehran and engaging in appropriate coordination with relevant states and international organizations. China has achieved all the above-stated goals in a relatively low-key manner. Beijing chose to adopt the Iran policy out of deliberate concerns. On the one hand, despite its energy dependence on the Middle East and in particular Iran, it is unnecessary for Beijing to involve itself in complicated knots including the US-Iran conflict and religious contradictions. On the other hand, China must, out of its own interests, participate in and follow closely the ongoing process of Iran’s nuclear issue and pertinent resolutions. In the light of the complexity of the relationship between China and Iran, China and the US, as well as the US and Iran, China should play a cautious and meanwhile constructive role in the Iran nuclear issue on the world stage. As a power exerting growing influence on the international community, China is presenting a responsible image while safeguarding its own interests. The Iran nuclear talks also offer a rare opportunity for Beijing to demonstrate its diplomatic confidence as the Western world, on guard against China, will develop more trust in an emerging China. Beijing, thereby, should actively expound its position and suggestion to gain more discourse power in the stipulation and interpretation of relevant international principles. Courtesy: Global Times. [The author is a commentator of political affairs based in Beijing.]

Putin’s Saber-Rattling Goes Quiet on Ukraine GEORGY BOVT


LTRA-patriotic Russian politicians are already asking: “Hasn’t Moscow betrayed the militias of Donetsk, Slovyansk and Luhansk?” Indeed, many people are confused by the contrast between Russia’s actions in Crimea and its almost total inaction — at least on an official level — in eastern and southern Ukraine. The entire Crimean operation concluded without gunshots or bloodshed. But in the east and south of Ukraine, rivers of blood are flowing, civilians are dying, chilling footage of the carnage circulates on social networks and, unfortunately, residential areas have come under shellfire. The first refugees from the war zone have already crossed into Russia. Putin has dropped the ultra-patriotic hyperbole that justified Crimea’s annexation when speaking about eastern Ukraine, but Russian are unlikely to call him on his inconsistency, writes columnist Georgy Bovt. What is a patriot to think when, after watching Donetsk separatist leader Igor Strelkov and his compatriots hold the superior forces of the so-called “Kiev junta” at bay, he sees Russian President Vladimir Putin shake hands with French President Francois Hollande, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and even that “agent of the U.S. State Department,” Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko? How is that possible? Why isn’t Putin sending in troops to defend our Russian brothers? Could Putin really fear Western sanctions? Let’s try to understand the situation without hysterics. First, although Putin made the decision not to send troops into Ukraine some time ago, he may still have seriously considered that option. What’s more, he might yet give that order — and not only because some members of other ruling elite favor it, but also because the situation in Ukraine might yet produce more surprises. There is no advantage to sending in the army now. Better to wait. My guess is that Moscow leaders are coldly calculating the equation in Ukraine’s east and south. For now, the separatists’ weak political organization and low level of popular support, in combination with the tenacious Ukrainian army, may hold off direct Russian intervention. Despite gaining reinforcements and weapons from “out of nowhere,” the separatists have only limited fighting capabilities. They are only able to withstand the Ukrainian army through guerilla warfare. But that is their role. Both the self-proclaimed People’s Republic of Donetsk, or DNR, and the People’s Republic of Luhansk, or LNR, never managed to create a full-fledged and official governing structure paralleling the one that already exists and that is capable of attracting at least some members of Russia’s bureaucratic elite — and, even more importantly, siloviki — over to their side. The pro-Russian militias have no control over large parts of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions. Although the local security forces can be induced to disarm through violence, on the whole they do not want to join the ranks of the armed DNR and LNR defenders. In fact, most of the local population does not support the DNR and LNR leaders. The mood on the street is by no means like that in Crimea, and Moscow was apparently unimpressed by the results of the hastily arranged referendums staged in the two regions. At the same time, it would have been impossible to provoke an uprising “from scratch” in Ukraine’s south and east: Putin’s desire to see it happen was not enough to make it a reality.Courtesy: Moscow Times. [Georgy Bovt is a political analyst].

Armed Forces finally launch NW operation From Page 1 talks with warring TTP. The talks proved futile due to unjustified demands by TTP, continuous terror attacks on people of Pakistan, men in uniform and sensitive installations despite announcement of cessation of hostility. The talks between committees of the Government and TTP continued for almost two months in the month of March and April which failed to reach any conclusion. During the period, top brass of civil and military huddled several times to discuss the developments. But finally severe blow was inflicted to these parleys with the deadly attack on Karachi airport a few days back. Meanwhile, the federal government in coordination with provincial authorities has beefed up security in the cities and sensitive installations to counter any back-lash. Defence Minister Khawaja Asif while commenting on the offensive, said it will be shortened, affective and meaningful. Reports quoting civil and intelligence

Operation From Page 1 “The whole nation was standing by the armed forces, which are fully capable of annihilating these elements”, the defence minister said. He said the Pak Army has been directed to crush the terrorists completely and armed forces will not spare any sacrifice for the defence and security of the country. Khwaja Asif said, “This time the operation will continue until its logical conclusion.” He said all the political parties have thrown their weight behind Pak Army in the operation against terrorists. The Defence Minister said that a major military operation was the need of the hour but stopped short of giving details of the operation, saying the details cannot be made public at this stage. —INP

PR appeals From Page 1 Waziristan to flush out the terrorists, the Minister said that as a democratic government, they have exercised the option of dialogue with the terrorists but contrary to the peace overtures they continued killing our people. “But now either they will have to surrender or face the defeat,” he added. The Federal Minister stressed upon the nation to stand united behind the men and women in uniforms. “Pakistani nation has decided that those who want to disrupt their life will be taken to task,” he added. The Federal Minister said this terror network would now meet its fate with the ultimate might of the state, adding “They know that people of Pakistan are peace-loving and will defend their way of life.” —APP

TTP ready From Page 1 was our right and [an] obligation under Sharia,” said TTP spokesperson Shahidullah Shahid. However, the spokesman said the Taliban are still ready for meaningful talks. He said statements from a senior member of the government’s negotiation team, Maj (retd) Aamir, have exposed the government’s real intentions. “Changes of the government’s team and their internal rifts have also had a negative impact on the process,” he said. The government did not release a single non-combatant prisoner and also avoided producing Taliban prisoners before the court, Shahid said. “The TTP was trapped under the pretext of dialogue. A secret operation codenamed ‘root out’ was launched against the Mujahideen and their sympathisers across the country, and over 500 innocent people including some Taliban members were arrested,” the TTP spokesperson alleged. Shahid also dismissed the army’s claims of casualties caused by air strikes in North Waziristan. He said the fighter jets have once again “targeted innocent people” in North Waziristan, and have killed and injured hundreds of people in overnight air strikes. “We will launch revenge attacks,” Shahid said Sunday, hours after fighter jets rained bombs on what the army claimed were “hideouts of terrorists” in the Datta Khel area.

sources in FATA area said on the night of Saturday and Sunday, a bombing run in NW destroyed nine hideouts and killed more than 150 terrorists mostly belonging to terror organization of Islamic Movement of Uzbek which was responsible for the attack on Karachi Airport. In one of the biggest actions against the Taliban militants, the Pakistan Air Force jets during mid-night strikes on the hideouts of the alleged terrorists in North Waziristan agency Sunday mowed down around 105 people mostly fugitives forcing the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) to call for revival of the suspended peace negotiation saying “despite bombings on the NWA TTP is still serious and sincere for continuation of the process of talks. While those killed in fresh bombings reportedly include large number of Uzbek militants, Security-sources confirmed that terrorist commanders belonging to the socalled East Turkistan Islamic Movement, Abu Abdul Rehman Almani and Wilayet

bin Hashim were among the dead. The PAF air machines struck hard on the militants’ positions in Degan area of Datta Khel Tehsil in NWA on the night between Saturday and Sunday inflicting heavy losses on the terrorists. While nine hide outs of the militants and an ammunition dump were reportedly destroyed during the midnight bombings, around hundred trouble makers were mowed down in the action. The Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR) communiqué released to press said “ Sunday at about 0130 hours a number of Terrorists hideouts in Degan, Datta Khel in NWA were targeted by jet aircrafts. There were confirmed reports of presence of foreign and local terrorists in these hideouts who were linked to planning of Karachi airport attack. “Two terrorist commanders belonging to the East Turkistan Islamic Movement, Abu Abdul Rehman Almani and Wilayet bin Hashim were among 105 other terrorists killed in the air strikes conducted wee

hours on Sunday”. A Security official told Observer. Some reports said the militants had gathered in Degan area of Tehsil Datta Khel to discuss future line of action in the wake of government warning to militants asking them leave the area, when the PAF jets struck on them on credible information. Using North Waziristan as a base, these terrorists had waged a war against the state of Pakistan and had been disrupting our national life in all its dimensions, stunting our economic growth and causing enormous loss of life and property. They had also paralyzed life within the agency and had perpetually terrorized the entire peace loving and patriotic local population. The mountainous Dehgan area, some 25 kilometres west of the main town of Miranshah in North Waziristan, is a stronghold for Taliban and Al-Qaeda-linked militants on the border with Afghanistan. Another security official said that “the number of the killed people was even more

Syrian army crushes rebel push near Turkish border BEIRUT— Government forces flushed wooden staircase. Soldiers in camou- and equipment across the frontier. opposition fighters from their last redoubts in northwestern Syria near the Turkish frontier on Sunday, capturing two villages and restoring government control over the border crossing, activists and state media said. The military’s advances fully reversed the gains rebels had made during their three-month campaign in Latakia province, the rugged coastal region that is the ancestral heartland of President Bashar Assad. The counteroffensive’s success is the latest blow to the rebels, who have suffered a string of bitter recent setbacks in Syria’s more than three-year-old civil war. Islamic rebel factions launched their surprise assault in Latakia in March, pushing south from the Turkish border to seize a string of villages in the lush, mountainous terrain. The military, nervous about an incursion in a bastion of government support, dispatched reinforcements to blunt the rebel advance and eventually turn the tide. On Sunday, after months of bloody clashes, army troops backed by fighters from the Lebanese Shiite military group Hezbollah seized the seaside hamlet of Samra before also taking the village of Kassab and its adjacent border crossing, said Rami Abdurrahman, the director of the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. He said there were minor clashes still taking place west of Kassab, a predominantly Armenian Christian village whose residents fled after the rebels seized control. The Syrian army command issued a statement saying that it “restored security and stability to Kassab.” It also said the operation “smashes the illusions” of the rebels securing a sea port in Samra or a buffer zone along the border to use as “a base for launching terrorist acts against the Syrian people.” The government refers to those trying to topple Assad as “terrorists.” Lebanon-based Al-Mayadeen TV, which has a reporter embedded with Syrian troops, broadcast live footage from Kassab that showed a blown-out stone building with a smoldering

flage uniforms milled in the streets, and the rocky hills typical of the area could be seen in the background. Engineering units were clearing mines and dismantling booby traps in Kassab, Syria’s pro-government AlIkhbariya TV said. The government made dislodging rebels from Latakia a priority for strategic as well as symbolic areas. The coastal province is a stronghold of Assad’s minority Alawite sect, which is an offshoot of Shiite Islam, and losing control of even a portion of it was an embarrassment to the government. Now in its fourth year, Syria’s conflict has spilled far beyond the country’s borders to shake the foundations of the Middle East. Last week, an al-Qaida breakaway group known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, which holds much of northern and eastern Syria, overran huge swaths of neighboring Iraq and captured the country’s second-largest city. In the wake of its onslaught, the jihadi group has pillaged Iraqi military bases, carting off Humvees, ammunition and other weapons. The militants have transferred some of that materiel to Syria to bolster their forces there. The Syrian air force has not targeted Islamic State territory with the same ferocity as it has other rebel factions. But on Saturday and Sunday, government aircraft bombed facilities belonging to the extremist group in Hassakeh province bordering Iraq and in the groups’ stronghold of Raqqa province, the Observatory said. Abdurrahman said the Syrian military appeared to be wary of the Islamic State’s possessing high-grade military equipment. Among the places targeted by the airstrikes was Shaddadi, a town just across the Syrian border from Iraq that activists say is a hub for the movement of men

Also Sunday, the state news agency said that some 230 prisoners were freed under a general amnesty declared by President Bashar Assad following his re-election in Syria’s June 3 vote. SANA said the priso n e r s were released f r o m lockups in the central cities of Homs and Hama, as well as the northeastern province of Hassakeh. The Observatory confirmed that detainees were released Sunday, although it could not provide exact numbers. The group said that more than 1,500 people — a mix of anti-government activists and common criminals — have been freed under the presidential amnesty since it was announced on June 9. International rights groups s a y there a r e t e n s o f thousands o f

anti-government activists, protesters, opposition supporters imprisoned in the country. It is not clear how many of them will be covered by the pardon.—AP

US aircraft carrier welcomes PLA aboard, seeks return invite ABOARD USS GEORGE WASHINGTON military relations have “moderately im- carrier, the Liaoning. (Hong Kong)—The US Navy on Sunday welcomed four members of China’s military aboard one of its aircraft carriers — and said it hoped to receive a return invite someday. The four People’s Liberation Army members were among guests flown by a C-2 Greyhound aircraft to the USS George Washington for a “VIP visit” before it berths Monday off Hong Kong on a routine call. Tensions are high in the South China Sea and East China Sea as Beijing asserts its sovereignty over reefs and islands also claimed by US allies such as Japan and the Philippines. But Rear Admiral Mark C. Montgomery, commander of the task force headed by the carrier, said US-Chinese

proved” in the past six months. China last week confirmed it would take part for the first time in a major US-organised naval drill, the Rim of the Pacific multinational exercise, later this month. In May China’s military chief toured American warships in the United States despite the heightened tensions in Southeast Asia. Hong Kong also has continued to host visits by US warships despite reverting to Chinese sovereignty in 1997. A general from the PLA’s Hong Kong garrison was among those visiting the George Washington Sunday as it sailed 200 miles south of the city. Montgomery said it might now be appropriate for Beijing to return the favour by offering a visit to its sole

“I think that in an effort towards increased transparency in a broad bilateral partnership, I think a US visit would be appropriate,” he told AFP and other media visiting the ship. Guests were treated to a display of take-offs and landings by some of the carrier’s F/A-18 Super Hornet fighter aircraft. But Montgomery declined comment on the US decision to send another aircraft carrier to the Gulf as the situation in Iraq worsens. And he called for a diplomatic solution to the territorial issues in the South China Sea. “Principally the role of the United States Navy is to serve as a stabilising force and demonstrate US commitment to the region overall,” he said.—AFP

Punjab budget people, business-friendly: Governor LAHORE—Punjab Governor Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar said on Sunday that Punjab budget for fiscal year 2014-15 was people and business-friendly, pro-industry and relief-oriented. Talking to APP here, the governor said greater focus on sectors of energy, infrastructure, education, health and women and youth development would definitely bring prosperity in the province. The governor said the balancedbudget would certainly pave way for progress and alleviate poverty in Punjab as the budget 2014-15 was unprecedented because no new tax had been imposed while allocations for develop-

ment projects, poverty reduction, education and health would go a long way in giving required boost to the province. Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar said the projects of energy generation through various resources, including hydel, wind, solar, thermal, bio-mass, bio-gas and coal by ensuring huge allocations in this regard would revive the industry and other sector of economy. He termed it a proof of Shahbaz Sharif-led provincial government’s sagacity to allocate huge funds for energy projects to bridge the power demand and supply gap and it also showed the government’s seriousness towards giv-

ing an end to energy crisis. The availability of required electricity to the industry would help the country to get optimum benefit form the GSP-Plus (Generalised System of Preferences) status given by European Union, he said, citing that particularly, the textile industry would be one of the major beneficiaries having an increased volume of exports to Europe under the GSP-Plus status. The governor appreciated various initiatives announced in the Punjab Budget to give relief to masses, and huge funds for irrigation, livestock and agriculture sector would help bring green revolution in the province.—APP

than 150”. However, the military statement said “an ammunition dump had also been destroyed during the strikes and that further details would follow”, suggesting the death toll could rise. Both the Pakistani Taliban and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan - an AlQaeda affiliate mainly based in Pakistan’s tribal belt - said Uzbek fighters took part in the Karachi airport assault. Meanwhile, five security personnel were injured in an explosion in North Waziristan on Sunday which was aimed at targetting a security forces convoy. According to initial reports, a remotecontrolled bomb — planted on the side of a road in Karam Kot – exploded when the vehicle passed by. The attack comes after Pakistan Air Force jets bombed hideouts of suspected militants in Dattakhel area of North Waziristan, killing over 50 terrorists. The air force also carried out shelling in the Mirali earlier on Sunday morning.

91% Pakistanis From Page 1 full of support for armed forces of Pakistan. According to opinion polls carried by a national newspaper on Sunday by 9.30 pm more than 91.1 percent voters had endorsed the operation while only 6.65 percent Pakistanis disapproved it. The vast majority’s support was seen as an encouragement and morale boosting for the security forces of Pakistan who suffered thousands of casualties during the past 14 years of terrorist attacks and actions inside Pakistan. Meanwhile social media was full of praise and support for armed forces of Pakistan and hundreds of Pakistanis were offering active support when needed for the safety and security of the nation.

Terrorist bases cordoned off From Page 1 moved and cordoned off all terrorists bases, including in the town of Mirali and Miranshah.” Briefing the media regarding “precise and targeted air strikes overnight,” it said that eight terrorist hideouts were destroyed in North Waziristan killing 105 terrorists, most of them Uzbek foreigners. “Announcements will be made for local population to approach designated areas for their orderly and dignified evacuation out of the Agency,” said the ISPR statement. Necessary Logistics and administrative arrangements for Internally Displaced People have been made by Political Administration and Disaster Management Agency, it said. “Registration points and IDP camps have been made, as being announced by Civil Administration. Surrender points have also been made for those militants who chose to quit violence and give up their arms.” Meanwhile, aerial surveillance of the area is being carried out by own aerial surveillance platforms, it added. The Pakistan Army also said that Afghan security forces including Afghan National Army and Afghan Border Police have also been requested to seal the border on their side to facilitate elimination

of terrorists who attempt to escape across the border. They have also been requested to initiate immediate measures to eliminate Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan terrorists and their sanctuaries in Kunar, Nuristan and other areas of Afghanistan. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is expected to take Parliament into confidence on Monday about the government’s decision to launch a military operation in North Waziristan. Information Minister Pervez Rashid has appealed to all political parties to stand by the army during the operation. He went on to add that the militants will either drop their weapons or face defeat. A military official in the main North Waziristan town of Miramshah told AFP that the coordinated operation — involving airforce, artillery, tanks and ground troops — has already started. After the announcement of the fullscale operation in the North Waziristan area, a security official on ground said that thousands of troops have been moved for action. “Thousands of troops will participate in this action. You can roughly say 25,000 to 30,000 troops will be involved in the operation,” the official said on the condition of anonymity because he is not allowed to speak to media.

President reiterates commitment From Page 1 Secretary to the President, Ms Saba Mohsin Raza said that the President appreciated the support and assistance of the IDB in the eradication of Polio from Pakistan and lauded the recent initiative of the IDB for organizing the International Ulema Conference in Islamabad to enhance dialogue and to mobilize opinion for Polio Eradication Programme in Pakistan. Highlighting Government efforts for economic stability, the President said that the present Government has prioritized economic revival as a key policy objective and intends to pursue it in consultation with development partners and stakeholders. The President appreciated the financial facility extended by the IBD. He expressed hope that the Group Member Country Partnership Strategy of IDB for Pakistan (2012-2015), with a resource indication of US$ 3 billion will be very help-

ful in development initiatives in Pakistan. The President thanked the President IDB for cooperation in the energy sector and appreciated the support provided by IDB for Neelum-Jhelum Hydropower Project and various private sector projects including Uch-II Power Project (Balochistan), Patrind Hydropower Project (AJK) and Foundation Wind Projects (Sindh). President, Islamic Development Bank (IDB), Dr. Ahmad Mohamed Ali Al Madani thanked the President for meeting and appreciated the various steps being taken for polio eradication, meeting energy shortages and economic stability in Pakistan. He assured all possible support and cooperation of the Islamic Development Bank towards socio- economic development of Pakistan. The President later hosted lunch for Dr. Ahmad Mohamed Ali Al Madani.—INP

Revolutionary measures being taken for modernizing transport CITY REPORTER L A H O R E —Punjab

Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that modern transport system is the hallmark of a civilized society. He said that an efficient and reliable transport system is essential for providing quality traveling facilities to the masses as well as accelerating economic and trade activities. He said that Punjab government has taken revolutionary measures for modernizing transport system in the province which are leaving a positive impact on transport sector. He said that after the thumping success of public welfare metro bus system, the first metro train project of the country is also being started which will revolutionize transport system. He was talking to a delegation of Assembly Members and workers of Pakistan Muslim League-N at Raiwind, today. The Chief Minister said that PML-N is implementing its public welfare agenda in the light of its manifesto. He said that billions of rupees are being spent on education, health, water supply and communication sectors. He said that national resources are a trust of the nation and Punjab government is spending every penny of public money in a transparent manner for the provision of basic amenities to the masses. He said that a project has been evolved to operate metro train on a 27-km long route in Lahore with the investment of China which will give a new identity to Lahore while modern transport facility will also become available to the citizen.

He said that orange line metro train is a glorious project for resolving traffic problems and provision of modern transport facilities to the citizens. He said that the project will be completed in a record period of 27 months while speed, transparency and highest standard of construction work will also be ensured. He said that initially more than 2.5 lakh citizens will benefit from orange line metro train project while their number will increase gradually. He said that around 1.75 lakh people are also benefiting from metro bus service. The Chief Minister further said that after Lahore, Rawalpindi-Islamabad metro bus project is also being implemented speedily and it will be completed in a record period of ten months. He said that completion of this project will result in provision of speedy, economical and modern transport facilities to the residents of the twin cities. He said that metro bus project will also be started in Multan and Faisalabad in the new financial year. Shahbaz Sharif said that service to the people and raising their living standard is the manifesto of PML-N and a network of development projects is being laid for this purpose throughout the province. He said that development schemes are being executed on priority basis in south Punjab and less developed areas. He said that modern transport system helps in fuel conservation as well as saving the precious time of the citizens who are also rid of traffic jams. Keeping in view this fact, he said, Punjab government is spending billions of rupees for modernizing transport sector.

Iraq insurgent advance spreads to northwest B AGHDAD—The insurgent offensive that has threatened to dismember Iraq spread to the northwest of the country on Sunday, when Sunni militants launched a dawn raid on a town close to the Syrian border, clashing with police and government forces. As the rapid advance south by the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) towards

Baghdad appeared to slow over the weekend, fierce fighting erupted in the town of Tal Afar 60 km west of Mosul near the Syrian border, security sources and a local official said. ISIL fighters and other Sunni Muslim armed groups have stormed several towns on the road to Baghdad after seizing Mosul nearly a week ago - an offensive which only stalled as it approached the

mainly Shi’ite capital. The advance alarmed both Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki’s Shi’ite supporters in Iran and officials in the United States, which helped bring him to power after its 2003 invasion that toppled Sunni dictator Saddam Hussein. U.S. President Barack Obama said on Friday he was reviewing military options, short of send-

ing troops, to combat the insurgency, and Iran held out the prospect of working with its longtime U.S. arch-enemy to help restore security in Iraq. Maliki’s security forces and allied militias regained some territory on Saturday, easing part of the pressure on his Shi’ite-led government, and officials said they were regaining the initiative. Maliki has vowed to rout the insurgents.

Pakistan to work closely with IDB for all development initiatives: Dar IDB ready to help Pak eradicate polio; promote exports to Islamic world, African countries: Madani ISLAMABAD—President Islamic Devel- but unfortunately due to lack of proper

PPP to remain part of democratic alliance: Khurshid Staff Reporter KARACHI—Leader of opposition in the national assembly, Khurshid Shah Sunday said that the federal and Sindh governments should provide security to the installations instead of bickering over and added that the institutions would have to get forward meeting the dangers. Talking to media on the sidelines of Family Expo function at the Expo centre here, Khurshid Shah said that Pakistan People’s Party would not become a party to any undemocratic move and would continue remaining part of the democratic alliance. He said that the Karachi airport attack was quite shocking, but there was no two-opinion about it that the responsibility of the airport security rested with the federal government.

opment Bank Dr. Ahmad Mohamed Ali Al Madani met with the Finance Minister Senator Ishaq Dar, at the Finance Ministry Sunday, to discuss ways and means to further enhance cooperation between IDB and Pakistan. The Finance Minister informed the President of IDB that the economic policies pursued during the last one year by the Government of Pakistan have started producing positive impact on the overall economy of the Country. He said that with the successful launch of Eurobond in the international market, auction of 3 G/ 4 G Spectrum, WB support to Pakistan for IDA 16 including Dasu hydro power project, ADB assistance for Jamshoro power project and successful divestment of UBL shares, the confidence of international investors in Pakistan is overwhelming. He further informed that Pakistan has credible reserves of oil and natural gas

planning and vision, the country remained under explored where only 44% area is explored whereas the success rate is much higher as compared to other regions. He said that in Pakistan exploration well success ratio is 1:3 which is highest in the world. He mentioned that during the last one year, due to prudent policies of the Government, over 30,000 barrels per day of petroleum products have been added to the system from 68,000 bpd in July 2013 to over 100,000 bpd as of today. He added that there is huge potential in Oil and Hydrocarbon exploration in Pakistan and foreign companies can benefit from these opportunities. Moreover the Finance Minister mentioned about the special incentives announced in the budget for the exporters, agriculture sector, textile and IT industry to harness the full potential of the country.

He added that our policies will ensure growth in agriculture and value added exports. He said that the Government of Pakistan has prioritized economic revival as a key policy objective and that it intends to pursue it in consultation with development partners and stakeholders. President IDB appreciated Pakistan’s plans for the development projects initiated by the present government. He informed that the International Ulema Conference is a great initiative and he was happy with the attendance in the Conference. He said that our hearts beat with Pakistan and we will play our due role in polio eradication from the country with the help of the government and the religious community. He emphasized that IDB is ready to play its role to help Pakistan in enhancing its relations with the Islamic world and the African countries. He in

Ceasefire violations must end: Jaitley SRINAGAR —Stating that the only motive behind his visit to Jammu and Kashmir was to assess the security situation there and wish for a peaceful atmosphere in the Indian held state, Indian Defense Minister Arun Jaitley on Sunday said that there was no political reason for his visit as elections were over. Accompanied by Indian Army Chief General Bikram Singh, Jaitley arrived in Srinagar Saturday on a two-day trip to assess the security situation. The Indian defence minister also chaired a unified headquarters meeting with the top brass of Indian police, army, paramilitary forces, and intelligence agencies in attendance. IHK Chief Minister Omar Abdullah also attended the meeting, which was held to take stock of the security situation, the LoC and the Amarnath Yatra which is to begin soon. Speaking about the alleged ceasefire violations along the Line of Control, Jaitley

said that the firing from across the border must stop as the ceasefire is in itself “a Confidence Building Measure”. Ruling out any political motive behind his trip, Jaitley said, that he “came here to review security, I am quite optimistic about the situation here”, he told reporters at a press conference held after he visited the LoC. “I wish that peace prevails here... I am going back with the sense of reasonable satisfaction,” said Jaitley. Answering a question whether or not the new government was in favour of holding talks with the separatists, Jaitley said that the government would talk with “anyone who respects the constitution and India’s sovereignty”. “Amarnath yatra will begin soon and I hope it will be as peaceful as the elections”, said the defense minister adding that the centre “will give whatever assistance is required for development of Jammu & Kashmir”. —INP

Continued on Page 7

Infighting leaves seven militants dead STAFF REPORTER P ESHAWAR —Fresh clashes between rival militant groups left seven dead on Sunday in the Shawal Tehsil of North Waziristan Agency. Two people were also injured in the militant infighting. Officials and tribals confirmed in earlier reports that the clashes erupted between Sheryar Mehsud and Khan Said alias Sajna. Over the last two months, the infighting within Tehreek-iTaliban Pakistan factions has left over 100 dead and many injured.

But Sunday’s fighting in Tal Afar, a majority Turkomen town which is home to both Shi’ites and Sunnis, showed how volatile the deepening sectarian divisions have become. Residents in Sunni districts accused Shi’ite police and army forces of launching mortar fire at their neighbourhoods, prompting ISIL forces stationed outside the town to move in.—Reuters

Slain minority MPA laid to rest OBSERVER REPORT Q UETTA —Slain minority lawmaker, Handry Masieh was laid to rest in Mastung area on Sunday. Masieh was shot dead by his own guard in Nawan Killi area of Quetta on Saturday evening. Police arrested the accused Ghulam Mohyuddin after a series of raids in the suburbs of Quetta. The accused guard was produced before a local court in Quetta, where Judicial Magistrate 12, Atif Jameel awarded six days remand of the accused to Zarghoonabad Police Station. Chief Minister Balochistan, Dr Malik Baloch, provincial ministers, lawmakers and members of the Christian community attended the funeral. A large number of tribesmen from Mastung also turned out to attend the funeral prayer. “We will not spare the murderer of Handry Masieh” Chief Minister Baloch said. He added that his government was determined to ensure the protection of lives and properties of minorities living in the province. Masieh had launched his political career from the platform of Baloch Students Organization (BSO) from Balochistan University. His political career dates back to early 1990s. He was an active leader of National Party, a Baloch nationalist group currently ruling in Balochistan. For the first time, Hendry was elected as a member of Balochistan Assembly on minority seat on the ticket of National Party.

India draws ‘red line’ on Russia-Pakistan ties N EW D ELHI —When Rus- counter-terrorism equipment sian Deputy PM Dmitry Rogozin visits next week, he will be informed that Russia would breach a red line in its relationship with India if it went through with the reported deal to sell Mi-35 attack helicopters to Pakistan. The Russian Deputy Prime Minister will be informed that Russia’s plans to sell lethal military equipment to Pakistan amounts to the crossing of a “red line” in relations between New Delhi and Moscow, according to a report published in British newspaper Mail Today. Russia, which was displaced last year by the US as India’s biggest arms supplier, is reportedly negotiating with Pakistan the sale of the Mi-35 Hind gunship (heavily armed helicopters). The move has not gone down well with the Indian government. “There are red lines in all relationships. We have no problems if the Russians sell non-lethal equipment like Mi-17 helicopters to Pakistan. They can even sell

but the Mi-35s are not nonlethal equipment,” a source in the government told Mail Today. The sale of lethal gear like Mi-35 attack helicopters by Moscow to Islamabad will be tantamount to “crossing a red line” and this will be conveyed to Rogozin by his Indian interlocutors when he arrives in the Indian capital on June 18. Indian officials believe the proposed deal for Mi-35 helicopters is unlikely to go through any time soon but India’s views on it will nonetheless be conveyed to Rogozin. The officials acknowledged Russia’s decision to engage Pakistan ahead of the drawdown of foreign forces in Afghanistan but said this should not affect the strategic balance in the region. Rogozin, who cochairs the India-Russia Intergovernmental Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific, Technological and Cultural Cooperation, will be the first Russian leader to visit Delhi since the new BJP government assumed office. —INP

Testing your amino acid levels


MINO acids are foundational molecules that play a very key role in human and animal physiology. When one is deficient in a certain amino acid due to dietary restriction or metabolic problems, it can lead to very serious health issues. Getting the proper amino acid testing can reveal the underlying cause for various health problems and provide natural treatment solutions to get well. Amino acids have a unique structure and contain at least one amino group (NH2) and a carboxyl group (-COOH). The only exceptions are glycine and taurine. Taurine carries a sulfonic group instead of the carboxyl group and is technically not an amino acid in the purest sense. Glycine is the smallest amino acid with a single hydrogen as its side chain. Amino acids are given a configuration of “L” or “D” based on which side the amino group is attached too. In natural protein, all amino acid residues are in the L configuration. The D configuration may be formed synthetically or by tissue catabolism and bacterial metabolism. The D form is unable to produce peptides and proteins and may even inhibit enzymes. In total, there are 22 different amino acids in protein structures. The body itself produces 12 different amino acids, while those that are unable to be produced in the body are called essential amino acids. These must be obtained through the diet. The eight essential amino acids include isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, valine, phenylalanine, threonine and tryptophan. Some other amino acids are characterized as semi-essential, as the body is unable to pro-

duce enough of them for physiological needs. These include arginine, histidine (essential for infants but not adults), cysteine and taurine. There are also amino acids that are hydroxylated after they are incorporated into a protein structure. This includes lysine becoming hydroxylysine and proline becoming hydroxyproline. An amino acid analysis employs stateof-the-art high-performance liquid chromatography that performs the most comprehensive and sensitive assay available for urine. This test analyzes 40 different amino acids and looks at key biomarkers for vitamin, mineral and inflammatory levels. The analytes are measured on a report in functional categories for amino acids to assess for nutritional cofactors and disorders related to possible imbalances. The 24-hour urine test is the best and most common way for assessing amino acid levels. This test gives a good analysis of what is high and what is low over a 24-hour period. This reveals patterns related to problems in enzymatic activity and nutrient cofactor support. Due to the variation in urine excretion throughout the day, the 24-hour testing period is able to spot major excesses or deficiencies that are taking place. The plasma test is an analysis of circulating amino acids at one period of time. This gives more of a limitation in the testing. The plasma test is preferred when age, toilet training or patient cooperation will not allow for the urine test. Other reasons why the plasma test may be preferred would be due to hematuria (blood in urine) conditions, urinary tract infections, kidney failure, rheumatoid arthritis and anorexia.

Performance of police officers to be judged on merit: SSP CITY REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Senior Superintendent of Police Islamabad Muhammad Ali Nekokara has said that efficient police officers would be deputed in police stations and performance of working cops will be judged to ensure effective policing. He said that six-month performance of police officials working in police stations would be judged and they would be replaced with capable police employees in case their performance is not satisfactory. The SSP said that grading would be made keeping in view performance of police officials and good performers would be assigned further task while sluggish cops to be replaced by capable ones. He stated this while chairing a meeting here also attended by SP (Saddar) Muhammad Ilyas, SP (City) Mustansar Feeroz, SP (Investigation) Jameel Ahmed Hashmi, SP (Rural) Zubair Ahmed Sheikh, SP(Security) Rizwan Umar Gondal, all SDPOs and SHOs of police stations. The SSP asked all SDPOs and SHOs to maintain continuous contact with the complainants and take every possible step for immediate relief to them.

It is the prime responsibility of police to help citizens and all out efforts should be made to bridge the gap between police and pubic, he added. Nekokara said that the police would tighten its hold around hardened criminals. He also said that citizens would be given direct access to the officers so that their grievances could be redressed. He directed to make field officers more responsible to nab criminals involved in dacoites, street crimes and other crimes of heinous nature. SSP said that an effective strategy is vital to reduce crime and also ordered to adopt professional as well as responsible attitude to mitigate the sufferings of the people. SSP Islamabad directed to focus on resolving the public complaints, and take every possible step to provide maximum relief to citizens. He stressed for speedy disposal of cases, investigation purely on merit and earliest arrest of criminals involved in various crime cases. He also emphasized the need to adopt zero tolerance against petty crime. Nekokara further said that transparency and merit would be ensured in the department. The professional and honest officers would be rewarded for their achievements while officers found involved in malpractice would be taken to task.

Afro-Asian writers’ conference

Syndrome of globalization engulfing civilizations of world ZUBAIR QURESHI ISLAMABAD—The powerful tide of globalization is sweeping civilizations of the world in general and the social values of the small regions of in particular and the writers and men (of course women) of letters should join hands to put on hold its onslaught. These were the conclusive findings of the first day (Sunday) proceedings of 3-day International Writers Conference of the Afro-Asian Writers Union (AAWU) Pakistan Chapter that is or-

ganized in collaboration with Strengthening Participatory Organizations (SPO). The first day session was attended by national and internationally famous writers, scholars and intellectuals. On the second day (Monday) Dr Helmi Al Hadidi (Egypt), President of the Afro Asian Peoples Solidarity Organization (AAPSO) will formally inaugurate the conference at 10:00 am at a local hotel. The African Asian Writers Union was established in 1956 and our iconic

Time for religious scholars to clear doubts about polio ZUBAIR QURESHI ISLAMABAD—Time has come for the religious scholars belonging to various sects and schools of thought to take a unanimous stand on polio eradication. Without their guidance and cooperation polio drops cannot be administered in far and wide of the country, especially the tribal areas and people’s doubts about it cannot be removed. This was the crux of discussions, presentations and speeches delivered on the first day of two-day Ulema Conference started here on Sunday. Minister of State for National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination Saira Afzal Tarar chaired the opening session. In her inaugural address she called upon the Ulema and international religious scholars to guide masses for eradication of polio and clear various taboos and doubts attached to its eradication. First session of the conference was largely attended by foreign scholars, clerics academia of foreign Institutions, officials of Ministry of Health, Islamic Development Bank and Ulema of different regions of Pakistan. Director Implementation, M/o NHSRC, Mazhar Nisar moderated the opening session. Saira Afza Tarar while welcoming the participants hoped that the conference would prove a milestone for eradication of polio from the country. She regretted that the disease (polio) is causing disability in only three Muslim countries i.e. Nigeria, Afghanistan and Pakistan while it has been wiped out from the rest of the world. The participants in the opening session discussed in detail the role of Ulema in reaching children in

Minister of State for National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination, Saira Afzal Tarar addressing International Ulema Conference on polio Eradication. the inaccessible areas with focus on North and South Waziristan. They also discussed the root-causes of the barrier between vaccinators and children with focus on Karachi besides discussion on current situation of polio eradication and why and where children are unreached. The participants also discussed how to eliminate the concerns of Ulema and ensure them that polio vaccine is not harmful for health and no element of harram is in its ingredient. The conference also discussed guidance on strategies that can effectively overcome current situation and political challenges to polio eradication in Pakistan. The second session of conference titled “Current situation and Challenges” was chaired by focal person of Prime Minister’s Polio Eradication Cell, Ayesha Raza Farooq along with Dr Babekar, Sec-

CDA takes preventive measures to overcome dengue ISLAMABAD—Capital Development Authority (CDA), Health Services Directorate has taken preventive measures to overcome dengue virus in the federal Capital. In this regard, Islamabad has been divided into five zones. F-Series sectors falls in Zone-1, G-Series sectors in Zone 2, I-Series sectors in Zone-3, while areas included

would be taken against them without any discrimination under the Municipal Bylaws so that the residents of the capital city could be protected from the deadly virus. Amir Ali Ahmed said our aim in not only the elimination of dengue mosquito but to eradicate its growth completely at larva stage. He said that our priority is to control the deadly virus at initial stage, adding that focus is being given to those areas of

the city where the breeding and growth of dengue virus is high. According to Health Services Directorate, high growth areas of dengue virus are Sector G-6, G-7, I-9, I-10 and I11, therefore, the process of fumigation and other preventive measures by the special teams of DHS would be ensured in these areas. The Member Administration was informed that teams of DHS are taking all out efforts to overcome the dengue

Imam-e-Kaaba could not attend the conference STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Imam-e-Kaaba, Sheikh Kahlid Bin Ali Al-Ghamdi who was scheduled to attend the conference could not reach Pakistan due to pressing engagements at home. Imam-e-Kaaba strongly advocated anti-polio campaign in Pakistan and declared it according to spirit of Islam. the session Dr Tariq Iqbal Bhutta (Member NIAG) gave detailed presentation to

Ulema about “Current situation of polio eradication: Why and Where are children unreached.” Maulana Hanif Tayyab highlighted root causes of the barrier between vaccinators and children with focus on children. During two-day conference, an in depth discussion will be held with focus on specific issues to eradication and immunization of polio from Central, KhyberPakhtunkhwa, FATA and some areas of Karachi and Quetta. A joint statement will be prepared at the end of the conference today (Monday). Those who attended the opening session including Maulana Hanif Jalandhari and Allama Tahir Ashrafi, President Islamic Development Bank, representatives of Islamic Fiqh Academy, Al Azhar, World Health Organization (WHO) and Focal Person of Prime Minister’s Polio Eradication Cell Ayesha Raza Farooq also attended the opening session.

Unusual security at Benazir Bhutto airport the formal launch of operation in North Waziristan by the Pakistani security forces, stringent security measures were observed in and around the Benazir Bhutto International Airport on Sunday. The move was taken obviously to counter any terrorist attack from the extremists as reaction to the government’s launch of North Waziristan operation. Talking to Pakistan Observer, an Airport Security Force (ASF) official said security

MNA and Chief Executive of Murree Brewery Isphanyar M. Bhandara giving a book on the life of his father late M. P. Bhandara, a former MNA, to Advisor to the Prime Minister on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz at a reference in the memory of his father.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir

retary General IIFA. This session was moderated by Maulana Tahir Ashrafi. In

Operation in North Waziristan

RAWALPINDI—In the wake of

in Zone-4 and 5 are green belts, parks, nullahs and major avenues particularly the I.J Principal Road, says a press release issued here. Member Administration CDA, Amir Ali Ahmed has directed Health Services Directorate to overcome breeding of the dengue virus and asked the owners of shops, bakeries, restaurants, tyre shops to take all preventive measures against the dengue virus otherwise stern action

of the AAWU adders the Conference. Prominent writers, poets and intellectuals from Egypt, India, Russia, Vietnam, Nepal, China and Pakistan besides local writers also attend the conference. In First Session Dr. Anwaar Ahmed, Dr. Ali Javed, President AfroAsian Writers Union, Mohammad Salmawi read there papers. Book Launch of “Folk Heritage and Problems of Culture” (Faiz Ahmed Faiz), Compiled by Ahmed Salim & Dr. Humaira Ashfa.

Ulema Conference on polio eradication kicks off



poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz was one of its Founding Members along-with the Nobel Laureate Chilean writer Pablo Neruda and other luminaries. Faiz Ahmad Faiz was also the Founding Editor of the Union’s premier publication ‘Lotus’ and remained at the position till his return to Pakistan from Beirut, Lebanon. Dr. Helmi Al Hadidi (Egypt), President of the Afro Asian Peoples Solidarity Organization (AAPSO) while Dr. Ali Javed (India), Chairman and Mr. Mohammad Salmawy (Egypt), Secretary General

virus. In this regard teams of DHS conducting fumigation and spray in katchi abadies, nullahs, parks and other high growth areas of dengue virus in the supervision of Director Health Services on daily basis. On this occasion Member Administration, Amir Ali Ahmed directed DHS to submit daily progress report, which would be further submitted to Chairman CDA.

forces took over the airport late Sunday and combed the entire building banning all kind of movement in and out the premises. However, he said the security was high alert since last Sunday when Karachi airport was attacked. However, we have beefed it further, he said. “Scanners were put outside every entrance point and it took us more than three hours to complete the search operation. Not only the lounges but also the adjacent buildings and cargo offices were scanned,” he further said. Security was also beefed up at the bay where airplanes land or depart, he said. ASF personnel stood on guard and only the passengers were allowed

entrance on the airport premises which gave a look of cantonment area. A number of domestic and international passengers while talking to this scribe criticized the unusual security measures saying it caused them inconvenience. There were a total 33 departure flights and 30 arrivals at the airport and the extraordinary security was a matter of concern for the passengers as well as their relatives and friends. “We don’t object to security measures but at the same time, we expect them to behave politely with us,” said Omar, a Karachi bound passenger. A Kashmiri family on its way to London, however, said

we should support Pakistan government in its fight against terrorists who are threatening even the superpowers like the US and Russia. A security official on anonymity said the ASF has stopped issuing ‘temporary pass’ and even the staff members were asked to produce their original identity cards besides the office cards. “Yes, there are unusual security measures and we have been directed to observe them in letter and spirit,” he said. To a question, he said the security would remain high alert since the government has formally announced operation against terrorists. We have taken all the preparations to counter any reactive act of sabotage, said he.

Orientation session at Millennium Campus STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Roots College International, Flagship Millennium Campus I-9/3, Islamabad held an interactive O Level/IGCSE and AS/A Level Orientation Session on National Career Counseling aimed at facilitating college students who wished to study at RCI Millennium Campus I-9/3 and aspired to go abroad for academic and career prospective. The Session comprising of subject choices, university placement and scholarships provided

individuals with career, personal, social and educational counseling. Keeping with Roots Millennium Schools’ tradition of providing quality education for over 26 years; the session was aimed at facilitating students to evaluate their abilities, talents and personalities to develop realistic academic and career goals. The award winning National Guidance Counselor and Chief Executive Roots Millennium Schools, Chaudhry Faisal Mushtaq TI has been working effectively to develop and implement strategies to help students succeed.

Govt departments performance to control dengue reviewed Fajar Zohr Asr

04:30 01:30 05:30

Meghrab at Sunset Isha 09:15 Brothers in Islam establish regular prayers & charity

Three inspectors made DSPs

STAFF REPORTER RAWALPINDI—The performance of various Provincial and Federal Government Departments and Organizations was reviewed in detail relating to vector surveillance in focal points of Rawalpindi as identified after both indoor and outdoor larva detection by the health authorities. In this connection anti-dengue measures review meeting was held at Commissioner Office here. The meeting was presided over

Jhagra sent to London for treatment ISLAMABAD—Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) senior leader, Iqbal Zafar Jhagra was on Sunday sent to London for further treatment of the injuries that he had suffered in a traffic accident few months ago. Family sources said that Iqbal Zafar Jhagra was sent to London in an air ambulance on the directive of the prime minister. It may be recalled that Iqbal Zafar Jhagra a few month ago was on his way back after attending a wedding ceremony in Multan, when his car rammed into a stationary trolley on the road near Doli Shaheed, leaving him and three others on board the car injured.—INP

larva was still being found in different localities. It was informed by the District Officer, Health Rawalpindi Dr. Khalid Randhawa that larva was found in Rata Amral, Hazara Colony, Dhoke Mangtal, Fouji Colony, Bangash Colony and Dhoke Naju areas which are located around General Bus Stand Pirwadhay and densly populated localities. Larva was found during indoor surveillance, he said adding threat is still there and people should adopt all precautionary mea-

sures to prevent themselves from becoming the victims of dengue mosquito. Raja Ashfaq Sarwar said that larviciding awareness is imperative to educate the people who have not been habitual to keep vigil eye at the potential places of larva at their residences and outskirts. He appreciated the spirit of close coordination of all the related departments to eradicate larva. Various Departments representatives elaborated their contributions relating to larva control.

Assistant Commissioner, Taxila highlighted the activities of public and private sector organizations in larva prevention. Commissioner Rawalpindi Zahid Saeed said that all open and covered drains must be cleared before the start of monsoon season. He also asked the authorities concerned to excavate silt accumulated beneath the footpath drains along Murree Road. DCO, Sajid Zafar Dall also talked about the anti-dengue activities being carried out in sub divisions of Rawalpindi District.

NHA has earned confidence of the public

RAWALPINDI—Three inspectors from Rawalpindi district under the recommendation of the Departmental Promotion Committee of Punjab Police have been made Deputy Superintendent Police (DSP). According to Rawalpindi Police Spokesman, Inspector Mirza Zaman Raza, Regional Investigation Branch (RIB) Rawalpindi, Inspector Sajid Mahmood Gondal, Station House Officer (SHO), Gujar Khan and Inspector Chaudhary Safdar, Special Branch Rawalpindi has been made DSPs.—APP

by Punjab Minister for Labour and Manpower Raja Ashfaq Sarwar. District Coordination Officer (DCO), Rawalpindi, Sajid Zafar Dall, Ms. Zaib-un-Nisa Awan, Sobia Anwar Satti, General Secretary PML-N Rawalpindi District, Shaukat Janjua, Officers of Government Departments and organizations attended the meeting. The Provincial Minister asked the officers to continue their efforts with regard to creating awareness on dengue and its prevention because despite hot weather,

S TAFF R EPORTER I S L A M A B A D —National Highways & Motorway Police has earned more trust and confidence of the public as compared to other public sector organizations. This respect and goodwill, is the result of honest, courteous and courageous behaviour of our field officers. Inspector General, National Highways & Motorway Police expressed these views while addressing Patrolling Officers at Sukkhar. Speaking on the occasion, Inspector General praised the bravery and commitment of the officers, who arrested robbers during a robbery in the bus at highways near Khanpur. He highly appreciated the heroism of the

officers who took part in this episode and awarded them cash prizes and commendation certificates. He said “these officers proved themselves true protectors and we are proud of such brave and dutiful officers”. While addressing the officers, the Inspector General emphasized to be courteous but firm while enforcing the law. He directed stern action against habitual lawbreakers and to cancel driving license of such offenders. The Inspector General, reached at Sukkhar via national highway from Rahim Yar Khan. He inspected different beat camps during the way and passed suitable directions. SSP Faisal Abdulla, SSP Hassan Asad Alvi and other senior officers were also present on the occasion.

Commandos deployed for security duty at Adiala Jail

A delegation of CPDI led by Programme Manager Syed Kausar Abbas called on Governor Punjab Chaudhry Muhammad

RAWALPINDI—As many as 30 Commandos Malik Mushtaq the commandos were de- Sarwar in Rawalpindi. have been deployed to guard Adiala Jail here on Sunday amid security threat after Karachi Airport attack. As many as 30 commandos deployed at Adiala Jail have been instructed to help police and rangers personnel on security duty. The commandos are performing joint-duty along with 50 rangers. According to Superintendent Adiala Jail,

ployed to avoid any untoward incident. The commandos will also patrol around the jail. He said that the security situation is also being monitored with the help of closedcircuit television (CCTV) cameras. Mushtaq said that the army commandos will help police and rangers for jail’s external security. Adiala Jail also has prisoners belonging to the banned terrorist outfits.—APP

Raja expresses satisfaction over pace of Metro Bus work Project disrupts rescue 1122 helpline RAWALPINDI—Provincial Minister for would be started very soon after the ting several help seeker in distress. Labour and Manpower Raja Ashfaq Sarwar expressed satisfaction over pace of work on Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metro Bus Project and appreciated keen interest and involvement of all public and private sector organizations which had been given tasks to complete this mega project within stipulated period. He said this during a briefing held here, the Commissioner Rawalpindi who is also Project Director of Metro Bus updated the Provincial Minister for Labour and other participants of the meeting about the physical progress and utilization of funds allocated for the purpose. Raja Ashafq Sarwar expressed the hope that Metro Bus Project will be completed within the fixed time lines as indicated by the Chief Minister Punjab, Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif who himself is monitoring the project. Commissioner Rawalpindi said that payments to all the effectees of this project

completion of legal formalities. He also highlighted the salient features of the project which were progressing rapidly and said that different committees had been constituted to take immediate measures for removal of encroachments, keeping sidelines and alternative routes operational and ensuring necessary safety measures for workers as well as commuters. Zahid Saeed informed that sprinkling water boozers had been engaged on regular basis at Murree Road to control dust. He said a seven story building would be constructed at Falashman point for command and control offices of Metro and establishment of Central Control Room. Four stories of this building will be reserved for parking to facilitate the passengers of Metro Bus,he added. Meanwhile, the helpline for the emergency rescue service 1122 was damaged during the construction work for the metro bus project here on Sunday at 9 AM, put-

As an alternate, a wireless phone line was provided to the rescue department, which also collapsed after some time. At least 65 to 70 phone calls were made by the help seekers, within 24 hour period, but due to the disruption of communication, only few of the calls were actually received by the emergency service, Dr. Abdul Rehman, the district emergency officer told APP. He said that after the collapse of the five landlines, they were provided with PTCL wireless phone lines, but only one of three lines was active, causing great problems. However, it is still unclear when the phone line for the emergency service will fully be restored. The lack of the safety measures at the construction site had not only cause problems for the emergency service, but they have also been causing problems for the residents of the neighbourhood. —APP

Traditional ‘Faluda’ attracts customers Activists of Muslim, Masihi Itihad protesting against killing of Balochistan Assembly’s minority member Handery Masieh outside the National Press Club.

Role of civil society stressed to address malnutrition OBSERVER REPORT ISLAMABAD—To address malnutrition, the role of civil society organizations was discussed during a national consultation on establishment of Scaling Up NutritionCivil Society Alliance(SUN-CSA) organized by development partners including Save the Children Pakistan Program and Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund. Delivering inaugural remarks, Muhammad Aslam Shaheen, Chief of Nutrition, Planning and Development Division said that the government has agreed with donors and development partners to develop federal and provincial nutrition plans of action and sees nutrition as a key

ingredient for overall development. Dr. Irshad Danish, Advocacy and Campaigns Specialist, Save the Children, said that the national consultation is a major step towards establishing SUN-CSA in Pakistan which will monitor the overall situation of nutrition in the country and advocate for policy and legislative reforms as well as adequate budgetary allocations to address malnutrition in the country. Sharing overall situation of malnutrition in Pakistan, Mr. Shujaat H. Zaidi, Senior Social Scientist from Aga Khan University said that the country is facing a silent crisis of malnutrition that is amongst the worst in the world and has not improved for decades. “It’s a simple

fact that nearly half of all children in Pakistan are malnourished, and this undermines their own mental and physical growth, as well as the country’s prospects,” he added. Pakistan’s leaders must urgently recognize and respond to this challenge, and must prioritize the evidence-based policies and programs which can address this crisis, emphasized Zaidi. Highlighting the importance of multi sectoral approach for addressing malnutrition, Dr Tauseef Janjua, Country Director Micronutrient Initiatives (MI) said that although nutrition has drawn attention of policy makers, political attention has not materialized into concrete action.

ISLAMABAD—Vendors these days are displaying the traditional food stuff (Faluda) to attract the customers at their roadside setup in twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. In the summer season, people selling chilly items especially “Faluda” are seen swarming various places including educational institutions and offering temporal delight to heat-stricken public. “Faluda” is one such treat which is made of fresh milk coupled with sugar and other necessary items. A vendor of faluda near G-7 told that the sale of this dish gains momentum in mid May and people come and enjoy to eat “Faluda”.

A customer Kaiser Bhatti while, talking to reporter said that the best thing for “faluda” lover’s is that it is within reach for the impoverished as well. The smaller bowl is available at just Rs 50, more the spices are added,price reaches up to Rs 160-200. It is basically adaptation of the Persian dessert “Falooda” and was brought to the Indian subcontinent during the Mughal era. According to health experts, delicious rose flavoured milk (served with Ice cream) can be a refreshing drink or a unique dessert idea. It also ensures a great digestion after a heavy meal. “Faluda” is a popular and traditional

cold dessert or beverage in South Asia,made primarily by mixing sweet syrup with vermicelli and tapioca pearls along with either milk or water. Basil seeds (sabza/takmaria), tuti fruity, sugar, and ice cream may be added. However, it is not the same as the faluda made in Iran and Afghanistan. Falooda avaliable throughout Iran, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, and the Middle East also. A variant is “Falooda Kulfi”, where “Falooda” and Kulfi are served together with a syrup. A famous type of “Falooda”, named the “Andrea”, involves mixing various different rose syrups with creamy milk and premature tapioca pearls.—APP

PTDC offers lucrative package for Ramazan ISLAMABAD—The Pakistan Tourism Development Cooperation (PTDC) has announced a lucrative package for tourists offering 50 per cent discount for staying in its motels and hotels during the holy month of Ramazan. PTDC’s General Manager Motels Sheikh Fayyaz Ahmed told APP Sunday that the offer was valid for its facilities in Ayubia, Naran, Saidu Sharif, Miandam,Chitral, Bamburet (Kalash Valley), Mastuj, Phandar, Gupis, Gilgit, Hunza, Sost (Pak-China border), Rama Lake, Skardu, Khaplu and Besham resorts.

“Tourist traffic to Murree, Galiyat, Ayubia, Kaghan and Swat Valley was considerably increased in 2011 and 2012, now destinations like Gilgit, Hunza,Fairy Meadows, Rama Lake, Chitral, Kalash and Shandur valleys are also being frequested,” he added. He said, “The corporation has started a bus service for Naran to facilitate the people, who want to enjoy summer vacation there.”The daily air-conditioned bus service for Naran was available at Rawalpindi, he added. “Miandam, Bahrain and Kalam are also the favourite destinations for tourists

visiting Swat Valley,” Fayyaz added. Hill areas of Murree, Bhurban, Patriata, Ayubia and Nathiagali provided delightful summer treat to the visitors, he addd. The PTDC Genaral Manager said Pakistan was already providing visa-on-arrival facility to the tourist groups from 24 countries. “The PTDC is providing tourism services for foreign and local tourists through its information centres, publicity and promotion department,hotels, motels and tours and transport subsidiaries,” he added.—APP

Workers are busy in repairing traditional Lahori coolers as they are in high demand during the summer season.

Al Qaeda threatens India, calls Afghanistan Jihadists to liberate Kashmir N EW D ELHI —In a threatening message to India ,AL Qaeda has called on Afghanistan jihadists to liberate Kashmir, reported Sahara Samay an Indian news site Sunday. Al Qaeda’s new video in Urdu called on Muslims in the Kashmir region to follow in the footsteps of their “brothers” in Iraq and Syria and launch a violent jihad against Indian authorities. Video Titled ‘The war should continue: A message for Kashmir’s Muslims’, the video features a statement by Maulana Asim Umar, a senior leader of al-Qaida’s Pakistan cell. Umar also called upon Muslims living in India and Pakistan as well as in Kashmir and POK in this video, sayMuhammad Yasin Malik, re-elected as the Chairman of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front, announces to launch Quit Kashmir Campaign from 23rd June.

Malik re-elected JKLF chief, calls for strike on June 23

IHK police rearrests Masrat

ing they should join the global jihadi movement seeking to re-establish an Islamic caliphate “From the land of Afghanistan, a caravan is heading toward India. Not on the basis of someone’s directive. Not on the basis of some governmental policy. But simply on the basis of abiding by God’s command,” Umar says. The video promises a “caravan of jihadists coming from Afghanistan to liberate Kashmir”. The video features images of demonstrations in Jammu and Kashmir and the silhouette of an armed man against a purported photo of the Dal Lake. Umar claims “the flag of Islam” will fly above the Red Fort in Delhi and ser-

mons in the city’s main mosque will be read in the caliph’s name. He further claims the Pakistan government reneged on its “promises” to liberate Kashmir. Umar says: “The Former Pakistani president Pervez Musharraf imposed restrictions and the rulers of the time declared jihad impermissible.” The Pakistani establishment “sold out the Kashmiris” and made Kashmir “an old memorial” rather than an active battlefront, he says. Western countries previously expressed concern that the recent election victory of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party may lead to intensified militant activity in the region.—KW

India can’t prolong Kashmir occupation: DPM

Kashmir picnic school bus turns turtle, 34 kids hurt

B UDGAM (IHK )—At least OLD CITY—The fire-brand SRINAGAR—The Chairman of Jammu and 34 children were hurt when a pro-freedom leader and the Kashmir Democratic Political Movement, not succeed in its implementation. They bus ferrying them met with said that the World Body should put pres-

man believed to be behind Firdous Ahmad Shah and General Secreon India to settle the lingering Kash- an accident in Central SRINAGAR—Mohammad Yasin Malik was the supreme head of the party till he is 2010 civil protest in Kash- tary, Advocate Mohammad Shafee Reshi sure mir dispute in accordance with its own reso- Kashmir’s Budgam district, on Saturday re-elected as the chairman alive. After being elected as the chair- mir, Masarat Alam Bhat, was have said that India can no more prolong lutions. They said that settlement of Kash- an official said here on Sunof Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF). The party held a convention at Maqbool Manzil where Malik was elected by a ‘unanimous’ vote of the electoral college comprising 61 members participating from UK, USA, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Pakistan, Pakistan Administered Kashmir, Gilgit Baltistan and Jammu and Kashmir, a spokesman of the amalgam said. The voting from outside Jammu and Kashmir took place through video conferencing. JKLF’s 61 members including 31 from Jammu and Kashmir comprising party’s supreme council participated in the election process. Malik also proposed the name of Amanullah Khan as

man, Malik addressed party delegates saying that the party has decided to launch Quit Kashmir movement on June 23 as the RSS and BJP observes this day for complete integration of Kashmir with Indian dominion. Malik said BJP wants to change the demography of Jammu and Kashmir and settling the refugees in Jammu and other parts of the state. Malik stressed on the intellectuals, columnists, writers, and the Kashmiri think thank to forge an alliance and fight the ‘nefarious designs’ of the BJP. Malik also extended a strike call on June 23 pleading for a complete shutdown and appealed people to march towards Lal Chowk.—KD

Kashmir demography change opposed K UPWARA —The Chairman of All Parties tion at Maisuma in Srinagar after being reHurriyet Conference, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq has said that Jammu and Kashmir has always been a Muslim majority area and any plan to change its demography would be opposed tooth and nail. Mirwaiz Umar Farooq was addressing a function, which was organized by Maulana Anwar Shah Kashmiri Memorial Trust at Lolab in Kupwara. He said that the people of Kashmir were offering great sacrifices for freedom from Indian bondage. The APHC Chairman said that India was wrong to think that it could weaken the Kashmiris’ passion for freedom through subjecting them to different tactics of oppression and suppression. He reiterated the Kashmiris’ pledge to continue the liberation struggle till it reached its logical conclusion.The Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front Chairman, Muhammad Yasin Malik addressing a func-

elected as party chairman for the next three years said that the JKLF’s Quit Kashmir Movement would be commenced by holding a march towards Lal Chowk on 23rd June. The JKLF Chairman called for a united front against the Indian occupation and the plan to change the demography of the territory. Hurriyet leaders, Muhammad Yousuf Naqash, Firdous Ahmad Shah and Advocate Muhammad Shafi Reshi addressing meetings in Srinagar and Gandarbal demanded withdrawal of Indian troops from occupied Kashmir to pave the way for settlement of the Kashmir dispute. Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Freedom League at a meeting, which was presided over by its General Secretary, Ghulam Ahmad Parray in Srinagar paid glowing tributes to Mujahid commander, Nazir Ahmad Shah on his 20th martyrdom anniversary.—KMS

SRINAGAR: Firdous Ahmad Shah and Advocate Mohammad Shafee Reshi addressing a party meeting at Kajar in Gandarbal saying that Kashmir had been declared a disputed territory since 1947 and Pakistan and India had signed the resolution but India was dishonouring its promises.

JKPFL pays tributes to martyred Nazir Ahmed Shah S RINAGAR — The Jammu and Kashmir Peoples’ Freedom League in its extraordinary meeting presided over by the General Secretary of the Party Ghulam Ahmad Paray has paid glowing tributes to pioneer of the resistance movement, Chief commander of Jihad Force Nazir Ahmad Shah on his 20th martyrdom anniversary in Srinagar. Ghulam Ahmad Paray said that Nazir Ahmad Shah Shaheed’s was torch bearer of freedom fighters struggle of the new generation of Kashmir. Kashmiri people should learn from his life and struggle. In 1975, Nazir Ahmad Shah appeared first time in publicly when Chief Minister Sheikh Abdullah was speaking before a large crowd in Bandipora, he questioned him about Indra-Abdullah accord, Sheikh Abdullah had no answer but he quickly ordered police to put him in prison. Nazir Ahmad Shah who joined Peoples’ League as a brave youth in early 70’s led by Muhammad Farooq

Rehmani worked hard for Kashmir freedom struggle and gave unforgettable sacrifices. He led several agitations in Kashmir against Indian aggression and also popular wave closing of wine shops in Kashmir. In 1989 he crossed other side of Kashmir and after his return from Muzaffarabad he was arrested and sent to five years of imprisonment along with his four associate martyrs Jemal Afghani, Bashir Ahmad Sheikh others. In 1993 after Jemal Afghani martyrdom he became Jihad Force chief after six months 15, June 1994 he was martyred by SOG police in their custody after brutal torcher visibly seen on his body in Srinagar. Sunday leaders and workers of PFL and people of Bandipora offer fateh at his graveyard in Bandipora. The workers paid rich tributes to martyrs of Kashmir and pledged to fight Kashmir struggle until its logical end.—NNI

released on Saturday but was re-arrested hour after he reached his house, his family and witnesses said. Tehsildar Srinagar released Bhat, who is Muslim League chairman, which is a constituent of Hurriyat Conference headed by Syed Ali Geelani on Saturday afternoon in an open court, his party associates said. A Muslim League leader said the party had moved a bail application in the court and as soon as he was produced before it, the court issued his release orders and he straight away went to his house at Zainadar Mahle in Old City. “Masarat reached his house at around 1: 45 pm. There was jubilation as he was released after a gap of four years,” his uncle, Farooq Ahmad, said. “After hearing about his release from prison, people including neighbours, relatives, friends and other people started to arrive to greet him,” he said, adding: ”But, hardly after an hour of his release, police and its Special Operation Group arrived and started searching for him and ultimately re-arrested him.” He said Bhat was shifted to Shaheed Gunj police station, which is around a kilometer from his residence. “Police searched many houses. They thought Masarat went underground. They were eager to arrest him,” a family member of the Bhat, who wished not to be named, said. “Police turned our happiness into mourning. Our son was released after four years. There was happiness in our house. His handicapped sister, who otherwise sits silently, also was very jubilant. But these people snatched our happiness,” his uncle said. When Bhat reached his house, he thanked Allah by saying ‘Alhamdullilah’, his cousin said. “He was also happy,” he added. Farooq, who after Bhat’s re-arrest went to Shaheed Gunj police station, said that it seems he would not be released. “There was huge contingent of police in the police station. And, I think they won’t release him,” he said. The Muslim League leaders, who were at the house of Bhat, expressed anguish over his re-arrest. “It is a police state. They don’t even follow orders of their courts,” they said. Bhat is believed to be the man behind 2010 mass uprising or ‘Quit Kashmir Movement’ which rocked Kashmir for more than four months and during which 128 people mostly teenagers lost their lives in forces firing. Initially, a five-lakh bounty was keeping t on his head and according to reports, it was doubled later. During 2010 uprising, Aalam gave sleepless nights to police and administration and finally he was arrested on 18 October from Srinagar city outskirts. His arrest broke the bone of the stir and finally authorities managed to crush it by arresting hundreds of youth and pro-freedom activists. “We have taken him under preventive custody,” Senior Superintendent of Police Srinagar Amit Kumar said. In a press statement, Geelani cautioned that this ‘hooliganism’ of the government will have serious results and it will increase the anger of the people.—KD

its illegal occupation over Kashmir through military might.Firdous Ahmad Shah and Advocate Mohammad Shafee Reshi addressing a party meeting at Kajar in Gandarbal said that Kashmir had been declared a disputed territory since 1947 and Pakistan and India had signed the resolution but India was dishonouring its promises. They said that the United Nations had passed 18 resolutions on Kashmir but could

mir dispute was imperative for lasting peace in the region. Firdous Ahmad Shah and Advocate Mohammad Shafee Reshi said that Kashmir had never remained part of India but was a disputed territory and yet to be resolved. They said that the people of Kashmir would not accept any readymade solution of Kashmir dispute except right to selfdetermination which was birthright of the Kashmiri people.—KMS

Nayeem to UN: Press Indian withdrawal from IHK GENEVA—Nayeem Ahmed Khan, Chairman Skype. The two Kashmiri leaders were adof Jammu Kashmir National Front (JKNF) has appealed to the international community to compel the Indian Government to change its attitude towards Kashmir and withdraw its army from Kashmir as a first gesture. Nayeem Ahmad Khan addressed United Nations side event in Geneva, telling diplomats and activists that he came with a message “on behalf of 13 million Kashmiris occupied by 700,000 Indian troops.” Nayeem Ahmed Khan took the center stage during a panel discussion, joining the delegates via Skype from Srinagar, Indian-occupied Kashmir. Another Kashmiri intellectual, Abdul Majeed Zargar, a retired professor at Srinagar University, addressed the audience from Srinagar via

dressing an event on the sidelines of the 26th session of UN Human Rights Council. He joined a panel discussion via Skype from Srinagar. “I appeal to the international community to compel the Indian Government to change its attitude towards Kashmir and withdraw its army from Kashmir as a first gesture,” Khan told the UN event. He said Kashmiris used peaceful protest since 2008 to convey their demands and yet New Delhi responded with brutality. From 2008 there has been a momentous shift from armed to peaceful struggle against the Indian -occupation and people took to streets in huge numbers to demand right to self-determination. But, it made no difference to the Indian state.—KMS

day. He said school bus which was ferrying children for an excursion turned turtle in Tangnar in Khansaeb. 34 children from Markazi Fallahi Khawateen (Nari Niketan) who were on way back from Doodh Pathri to Kupwor were injured. All the injured were shifted to Sub District Hospital Khansaeb. “Two among the injured were shifted to Bone and Joints Hospital and five to SMHS Hospital, Srinagar,” he said. Police have registered a case.—KD

Fire damages 8 houses S RINAGAR —At least eight house were damaged in a fire incident in Jammu and Kashmir’s summer capital Srinagar, an official said on Sunday. The official said fire broke out in the house of Abdul Rehman Shah in Qamarwor locality due to leakage of gas. The flames engulfed adjacent seven houses, resulting in complete damage to the four houses and partial damage to three houses. He said fire was brought under control by police and fire tenders.—KD


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Venezuela seeks to consolidate exchange rates C ARACAS —Venezuela is seeking to consolidate its three-tiered exchange rate system and refinance debt to improve maturity profiles, the economy vice president said in a statement on Saturday, underlining efforts to shore up the country’s troubled finances. Exchange rate unification is seen as a crucial step in easing economic distortions including nagging product shortages and soaring consumer prices that have set the country’s economy on a course for stagflation. Rafael Ramirez, economy vice president and oil minister, told investors at a meeting in London that unifying the exchange rates was a primary component of the government’s plan to improve growth. “We are going to continue holding these meetings, as per President Nicolas Maduro’s instructions to reestablish communication with financial markets,” Ramirez said. The 11-year-old currency controls, created by late socialist leader Hugo Chavez, now disburse dollars for 6.3 bolivars for priority goods, at around 10 bolivars through the Sicad auction system, and at around 50 bolivars through the Sicad 2 market. Maduro acknowledged this week that Sicad 2 was not working as hoped, and promised an improvement in the coming months. Opposition critics say unification of the exchange rates is a euphemism for a devaluation that will worsen inflation, which hit an annualized rate of 60.9 percent in May. “The devaluation is only useful as part of a broader toolkit of other policies to rebalance the economy,” said Alberto Ramos, a Latin America analyst at Goldman Sachs. Ramirez added that Venezuela will move money currently held in obscure staterun funds, including the $100 billion Fonden development fund, into international reserves. That will be welcome news to investors who have complained about lack of transparency in Venezuela’s management of its assets. Ramirez said Venezuela also wants to “reprofile” its debt, which includes nearly $30 billion in maturities due by 2017. “Just kicking the can down the road by pushing debt service into the future is hardly a sign of pragmatism,” added Ramos. “It is more a sign of growing financial pressure.” State oil company PDVSA, which Ramirez also runs, has obtained a bank loan to pay off $3 billion in bonds due in 2014, a finance industry source who asked not to be identified told Reuters. PDVSA was unavailable to comment on the issue. More than a decade of currency controls has stifled the country’s economy, left businesses struggling to obtain machine parts and raw materials and allowed shell companies to steal billions of dollars through fraudulent imports. Shortages and high inflation are major gripes and fueled anti-government protests earlier this year that left 42 dead.—Agencies

Trade expansion to help Pak-US ties; Trade Expo initiative lauded WASHINGTON—Pakistan’s ambassador to the United States Jalil Abbas Jilani has said expansion of trade between Pakistan and U.S. will help invigorate the relationship between the two countries and reinforce foundations for strongterm ties. He was speaking to a delegation of the Pakistani-American entrepreneurs, who called on him to brief about the upcoming 2014 Trade Expo in Washington area. The delegation comprised Mirza Muhammad Nasimuddin, chairman and head of Nazu Group International America Ltd., Hasan Jalil, Chief Executive Officer of Invision Media Dr. Nisar Chaudhry, eminent scholar, senior analyst and Executive Director Pakistan American Trade Expo.

Ambassador Jilani appreciated the idea of holding the Expo in Washington metro area, saying it will afford an opportunity to Pakistani and American entrepreneurs to explore and advance trade and investment cooperation, a news release said. Such endeavors, the ambassador said, serve the key purpose to highlight Pakistan’s potential for exports as well as inform the American investors of the tremendous business opportunities the country offers. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s government, the envoy said, attaches a high priority to expanding trade relations and wants to have greater access for Pakistani products to the robust U.S. market. Islamabad is also working to facilitate foreign investment into a host of promising

economic areas. Ambassador Jilani expressed the hope that the event would turn out to be a step in line with the Pakistani government’s efforts to boost international trade as part of the policy to advance bilateral relations as well as spur economic growth momentum. Mirza Nasimuddin, the head of Nazu Group International America Ltd., apprised the ambassador of the progress towards successful holding of the Expo and expressed appreciation for Ambassador Jilani’s keen interest, continuing support and encouragement. He praised the ambassador’s efforts and leadership in strengthening the important Pakistan-U.S. economic ties and the overall relationship.—APP

LCCI business delegation leaves for Germany, Belgium and Bosnia LAHORE—A 22-member LCCI delega- the four leading countries, the LCCI del- visit Chamber of Commerce & Industry tion has left for 16-day visit to France, Germany, Belgium, Bosnia & Herzegovina. The LCCI President Engineer Sohail Lashari is leading the delegation while other members include the LCCI former President Mian Misbah-ur-Rehman, Sheikh Muhammad Tariq, Chaudhry Iftikhar Bashir, Talha Tayyab Butt, Muhammad Aslam Chaudhry, Muhammad Asif Ibrahim, Iqbal Nazir, Tariq Mahmood, Khalid Mehmood, Khizar Hayat, Khurram Iftikhar Ali Qureshi, Chaudhry Muhammad Shafique, Zeeshan Sultan and Rizwan Sadiq. Talking to media men here, Lashari hoped that visit of delegation would not only bring the Pakistani, French, German, Belgian and Bosnian businessmen closer but would also open new avenues for joint ventures. He said, during 16-day long visit to

egation would have high-profile meetings, not only with the French, German, Belgian and Bosnian counterparts but with the government officials. The delegation would also have B-2-B meetings with the businessmen of respective countries. Lashari said that he would inform the foreign investors about various investment opportunities available in various sectors of Pakistan including energy and tourism. The delegation would have meeting with representatives of M/s. Citrus Asia, M/s. Royal Media Network, Allied Oils & Energy and The Fuelers. H.E. Ambassador of Pakistan in France Ghalib Iqbal would host a dinner in honour of the LCCI delegation, he added. Director of Paris Chamber of Commerce & Industry Alain Bui would give a presentation to the LCCI delegation at Embassy of Pakistan in France and they would

Offenbach. The LCCI delegation, he said, would have a meeting with Pakistani Consul General in Frankfurt Imtiaz H. Qazi and also attend a dinner. The LCCI President said that he would meet President of Amusement Park Rides Manufacturers Association Mr. Schwarzkopf, while delegates would have B2B (business to business) meetings with their counterparts arranged by Pakistani Commercial Counsellor, Frankfurt. The delegation, he said, would attend a dinner hosted by the Embassy of Pakistan in Brussels; have meetings with European Commission DG ENTR Services; visit Erochamber and Foreign Trade Chamber of Commerce & Industry of Bosnia. The delegates would also meet Foreign Investment Promotion Agency and have plenary session at Ban of Bosnia. APP

SCCI calls for flexible regime for Pak-Indo trade relations

Average annual broadband growth rate still above 100pc

L AHORE—The SAARC Chamber of Com- the two largest economies of the region,has I S L A M A B A D —Broadband merce and Industry, an apex body in the re- been low. He said that for instance, total trade gion, Sunday unanimously demanded flexible regime to augment Pak-Indo relations for remarkable improvement in economic cooperation between the two major economies. According to a message received here from New Delhi, it was stated by leader of Pak delegation Iftikhar Ali Malik Vice President SCCI currently on 5-day visit to India. Addressing the maiden leaders meeting of all Vice Presidents of SAARC member countries chaired by SCCI Chief Ismail Asif from Maldives said that free movement of business community will not only help improve the business environment but also positively affect the entire region of South Asia. He said that Pakistan and India, with the support of their private sector and respective elected governments, have taken historic steps for bilateral trade relations. South Asia is the fastest growing region in the world but also one of the least integrated while the region’s trade with the rest of the world is growing rapidly, intra-regional trade is merely 5 per cent of its total trade. Iftikhar Ali Malik said that despite being natural trade and investment partners, the volume of trade between Pakistan and India,

between Brazil and Argentina amount to US$33 billion in 2010, almost 15 time more than the current Pak-Indo trade of little over US$2 billion. He said that bilateral trade between PakIndo a couple of years ago stood at an estimated US$1.83 billion. India accounts for nearly 1.2 per cent of Pakistan,s global exports, while Pakistan accounts for less than 0.9 percent of India’s global exports. Iftikhar Ali Malik said that the private sector and respective governments of either country has to play a key role in the prevailing scenario for viable and sustainable better Pak-Indo trade relations for welfare of the people of the region. He stressed the urgent need for holding a series of dialogue between Pak-Indo private sector to thrash out modalities prior to finalize trade promotion agreements without affecting the industry of either country. Senior Vice President Suraj Vaidya from Nepal,Vice Presidents Mohammad Younass Mohmand from Afghanistan, Monowara Hakim Ali from Bangladesh, Karma Lotay from Bhuttan, Ramesh Kumar from India, Muhammad Rashid from Maldives, Tissa Jayarweera from Sri Lanka also addressed.— APP

All institutions working for improvement in system: Afzal ISLAMABAD—Parliamentary Secretary on Fi- in different sectors. nance, Rana Muhammad Afzal has said that all the institutions are working to bring improvement in the system. Talking to media, he said the government was making all out efforts to improve the economy with better management and system. He said the government had launched several power projects to produce energy, adding that solar, wind, coal, gas and hydel resources are being utilized to meet the demand of energy in the country. He said the PML-N government has formulated trade policy for attracting investors

Rana Afzal said that China and other countries are taking keen interest in different sectors of Pakistan. China is investing a huge amount in energy sector, he added. He said that motorways, road networks and infrastructure would also be completed with the help of China. He appreciated the government steps for empowering the youth through PM Business Youth Loan Scheme, adding that measures are being taken to alleviate poverty and create business opportunities for loan beneficiaries.—APP

PR to lay new Karachi, Gawadar track STAFF R EPORTER LAHORE—Pakistan Railways (PR) is planning to lay a track to link Karcahi with Gawadar seaport to promote trade. The Railways sources told media on Sunday that the new track would fulfil the needs of transportation of goods to Gawadar in future. Moreover, the PR was in liaison with China for preparing studies about construction of Khuzdar, Baseemah, Jacobabad and Dera Ghazi Khan main line (ML-2) and China would finalise this studies till the end of December 2015. It is important to mention that China would bear all expenditures of the study about laying the new railway line. The Pakistan Railways is focusing on

speeding up revenue generating activities under the direction of PR minister Khwaja Saad Rafique. The PR is also working on restoration of ECO train for Turkey via Tuftan and Zahdan. This train would make possible for traders to transport their goods through train among Turkey, Iran, India and Pakistan. The department is also planning to construct a dryport for container-holding at Havelian near Abbotabad for facilitating those traders in future who import or export goods from or to China. After construction of the port about two million tons of goods could be transported between Khunjrab and Havelian. The Railways minister hoped the railways would soon be able to over-come its deficit due to positive and visionary economic friendly policies.

subscribers base has reached 3.4 million at end of February this year as around 717,835 new users joined the platform during last eight months. An average annual growth rate of broadband is still above 100 per cent in the sector. An official at Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) on Sunday said one subscription can cater broadband needs of a number of people in a house/business facility,therefore, broadband users are in larger numbers than the subscription. He said taking an average family size of four people, the broadband users,based on number of broadband subscriptions of 3.4 million are around 13 million. The official said this number is reasonably be higher than this as corporate subscription of broadband is also used by multiple users. He said with the introduction of 3G/4G mobile services, the mobile broadband penetration in the country would substantially increased in coming years.— APP

Analyst hopes to control price hike, create job opportunities I SLAMABAD —Analyst CR Shamsi hoped that the federal government should control price hike and create jobs opportunities for development work in the country. Talking to Radio Pakistan , he said that the government has also increased funds for provinces under 18th amendment. He said that Punjab and Sindh have followed federation in their provincial budgets with 10 % increase in the salaries of government employees. He added for the development, both Sindh and Punjab should first focus on their backward areas. He went on to say that unfortunately we could control our population which is affecting our development negatively. To a question, he said that Sindh plays very vital role in the economy of Pakistan. He said we have been ignoring our agricultural sector therefore; attention should be given to this sector as 75 percent people are linked with it.—Agencies

PESHAWAR: Chairman Pakistan Flour Mills Association KP, Anis Ashraf addressing the executive body of the association.

Govt’s prudent policies put economy back on right track: ICCI STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—President, Islamabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Shaban Khalid said on Sunday that prudent policies and farsightedness of the incumbent government has put back the economy of country on right track. Talking to media Shaban Khalid expressed his satisfaction over the deliberations made by the government and said that this is the first time that all the stake holders including Chambers, industry representatives and trade associations have been consulted prior to budget preparation and their genuine concerns have been taken care of in the budget document, well in advance. Shaban Khalid said that economic policies of the current government are good that will yield positive result in long term. He urged that the government should broaden the number of tax payers’ list instead of squeezing the same tax payers. He hailed the announcement of Finance Minister, Ishaq Dar in which he predicted an increase of foreign reserve to the tune of 15 billion dollars by July this year. Shaban said that it was a positive development as Pakistan’s foreign reserves remained low during the last few years however, now an increase in the reserves has been witnessed. He said that government’s measures for the

promotion of 3G and 4G technologies are really appreciable that will generate considerable employment opportunities in the country. ICCI president observed that in the budget government has included special schemes for the youth and to help the poor . He said that we have proposed measures to promote a culture of filing tax returns in the country to bring into net rich people who are not paying their due taxes. He added that PMLN led government has also tried to remove the distortions and exemptions under the SROs regime and provided a level playing field to the industry. He further, mentioned about the special incentives that have been given to the exporters, agriculture sector, textile and IT industry to harness the full potential of the Country. The government’s policies will ensure growth in agriculture and value added exports, he added. “If the government will continue to squeeze the already existing tax base then those who pay taxes will get discouraged and will try to evade tax payment,” Shaban said . Shaban Khalid said, the government should broaden the number of tax payers’ list instead of squeezing the same tax payers. He said the government under leadership of Prime Minister, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif has put the country on road to progress and prosperity.

Iran to pump gas to Iraq by March 2015: Official ISLAMABAD—The construction work of IranIraq gas pipeline will be completed by next Iranian calendar year (starting March 21, 2015), announced a senior energy official here on Sunday. The Managing Director of Iran Gas Engineering and Development Company Alireza Gharibi added that Iran, from then, will start daily exporting of seven million cubic meters of natural gas to Iraq, IRNA reports. Gharibi stressed that the figure could be increased after completion of Iran’s sixth gas pipeline to Iraq. Tehran and Baghdad have recently agreed on export of 40 million cubic meters of Iranian gas to the neighboring Iraq, he said. Meanwhile, Deputy Oil Minister for International Affairs and Trade Ali Majedi said that Iran will start export of natural gas to Iraq next Iranian calendar year. Majedi stressed that Tehran and Baghdad have reached an agreement

on export of 25 million cubic meters of Iranian gas to Iraq. ‘Gas exports to Iraq will start early next Iranian year after completion of the pipeline,” Majedi said. He noted that the construction work of the gas pipeline shows a 80-percent progress. Iran-Iraq gas pipeline originating from Assaluyeh, near the massive offshore South Pars Gas Field in Southern Iran, will continue into Iraq to feed three power plants in the Southern Iraqi province of Basra. The pipeline is designed in such a way that it will be able to deliver gas to other Muslim countries like Jordan, Syria and Lebanon in the future. Iran, which sits on the world’s second largest natural gas reserves after Russia, is making efforts to raise its gas output by more foreign and domestic investments, especially in the Southern Pars gas field.—APP

Readymade garments exports fetch $1430.43m STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The first three quarters of this year have witnessed a reasonable boost in export of readymade garments which touched US$ 1430.43 million mark, showing an increase of 9.36 percent as compared to same period last year. The readymade garments area fetched US $ 1308.002 million in July-March 2012-13 while the exports also increased to 21.806 million dozens in various types of readymade garments this year from 19.971 million dozens last year. Textile Ministry sources on Sunday said readymade garment industry has emerged as one of the important small scale industries in the country as its products have large demand both

at home and abroad. The local requirements of readymade garments are almost met by this industry, they said and added garment industry is also a good source of providing employment opportunities to a large number of people at a very low capital investment. The sources said it mainly uses locally produced raw materials. Most of the manufacturing machines used by this industry are imported or locally made and assembled. They said production of garments by units depends on export orders directly or indirectly. These orders have somewhat risen in terms of value, but have been fluctuated widely in terms of quantity.

China makes strategic investment in LatAm SANTA CRUZ DE LA SIERRA—China, whose has experienced more than six percent growth presence in Latin America until now was largely based on an appetite for raw materials, is diversifying investments by financing much needed development projects, analysts say. At a summit, opening Saturday in Santa Cruz, the G77 + China group of developing nations meets on its 50th anniversary to promote economic development. Delegations from 133 countries and some three dozen heads of state will be in attendance. “China now acts in a different way with South American countries,” said Gabriel Dabdoub, president of the chamber of commerce of the Santa Cruz region, Bolivia’s economic engine. The Asian powerhouse “no longer aims at only at buying raw materials, it wants to get into investing in industrialization,” Dabdoub told AFP. Bolivia, Latin America’s poorest country,

in recent years and has plans for major infrastructure work. “China is particularly attracted by industrialization projects that the country needs over the next 10 years and which cost an estimated $42 billion,” Dabdoub said. Chinese companies have expressed interest most notably in building a railway from Bolivia to Brazil, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, as well as in road and river connection projects. In Brasilia, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi recently announced his country’s interest in increasing its investments and relationship with Latin America and the Caribbean. And although Chinese President Xi Jinping will be notably absent from the Santa Cruz summit, he plans to participate mid-July in Brazil in a BRICS meeting of emerging economic powers Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.—Agencies

1st Investec Test: Eranga treble sparks England slump L O N D O N —Sri

Ian Bell. Left-arm spinner Rangana Herath followed up by removing Joe Root, whose unbeaten 200 had been the cornerstone of England’s first innings 575 for nine declared, and debutant Moeen Ali. Gary Ballance was 25 not out and Matt Prior 13 not out. A docile pitch had so far largely frustrated both atBowling: ............ O-M-R-W tacks in the first Anderson ............ 31-7-93-3 match of this Broad ................... 29-8-67-1 two-Test series. B u t Jordan ............. 27.4-4-102-3 Plunkett ............. 32-2-116-2 Eranga defied sluggish Ali ......................... 16-2-56-1 the Root ......................... 3-1-7-0 surface with a dynamic spell of ENGLAND 2nd innings: Robson b Eranga .......... 19 three wickets for Cook b Eranga ................ 28 three runs in 21 Balance not out .............. 49 balls after lunch. Cook was Bell b Eranga ..................... 9 Root lbw b Herath .......... 15 caught behind Ali b Herath ...................... 4 for 28 before Prior b Kulasekara .......... 16 A u s t r a l i a - b o r n comJordan not out ................ 25 Robson Extras: (b 1, lb 3, w 2, nb 2) . 8 pleted an unsucTotal: (6 wickets) .......... 173 cessful England Fall of wickets: 1-46, 2-51, 3- debut on his Middlesex home 69, 4-98, 5-102, 6-121 Bowling: ............ O-M-R-W ground by being Kulasekara .......... 14-2-62-1 bowled off the inPradeep .................. 8-3-21-0 side edge for 19. T h a t Eranga ............... 14.5-6-42-3 Herath .................. 15-2-44-2 gave Robson a total of 20 runs

Lanka seamer Shaminda Eranga took three wickets in quick succession as England collapsed on the fourth day of the first Test at Lord’s on Sunday. England were 117 for five in their second innings at tea, a lead of 239, after Eranga had dismissed Sam Robson, skipper Alastair Cook and

SCOREBOARD England 1st Innings 575-9 dec Sri Lanka 1st Innings (overnight: 415-7) Karunaratne c Prior b Jordan ........................... 38 Silva c Prior b Anderson 63 Sangakkara c Prior b Ali 147 Jayawardene lbw b Broad ............................ 55 Thirimanne c Robson b Anderson ....................... 2 Mathews lbw b Plunkett 102 Jayawardene c Bell b Plunkett .......................... 6 N. Kulasekara c Prior b Jordan ............................. 9 Herath b Anderson .......... 2 S. Eranga not out ............. 5 Pradeep hit wkt b Jordan 4 Extras: (b7, lb5, w6, nb2) 20 Total: (all out, 138) ....... 453 Fall of wickets: 1-54, 2-151, 3-277, 4-289, 5-385, 6-400, 7413, 8-430, 9-442, 10-453

Boxing: Algieri wins split decision over Provodnikov

for the match after his first-innings one. Bell struck one classic coverdrive for four before he fell in similar fashion to Robson, bowled off the inside edge by Eranga on the drive. England were now 69 for three as Root, in at 74 for three in the first innings, walked out. But he was undone by a fine piece of bowling from Herath on Sunday, defeated by a change of pace, angle and flight that saw the ball skid on and hit him on the back leg. Earlier, Sri Lanka captain Angelo Mathews scored a coveted century as the tourists’ tail defied England for over an hour on the fourth day of the first Test at Lord’s on Sunday. At lunch, England were 27 without loss in their second innings, a lead of 149 runs. Australia-born opener Sam Robson, out for one in his debut innings, was 10 not out and England captain Alastair Cook 15 not out. Sri Lanka resumed on their overnight 415 for seven, 160 runs behind England’s first innings 575 for nine declared, but having avoided the follow-on after Kumar Sangakkara had made 147 on Saturday. Play started Sunday in overcast conditions with Mathews 79 not out and Rangana Herath yet to score. So far both bowling attacks had struggled on a docile pitch in the first of this two-Test series.—AFP

Pakistan Blind Cricket team needs attention: Razzaq ISLAMABAD —Pakistan Blind cricket team 45 kanals of land at Ferozepur, Lahore but

has been a consistent triumphant in doesn’t have anybody to help them build a NEW YORK—Chris Algieri which the game more than our national cricket team stadium and hostel for these cricketers.

survived two first-round knockdowns to claim a surprise split decision late Saturday over Ruslan Provodnikov and take the Russian’s World Boxing Organization light welterweight title. Algieri improved to 20-0 with eight wins inside the distance. He couldn’t match Provodnikov’s power, but even with his right eye swelling shut in the later rounds he put on a display of precision boxing that gave him the nod by scores of 114-112 from two judges, while the third judge saw it 117-109 for Provodnikov. Provodnikov, who fell to 23-2, landed a crushing left hook to Algieri’s eye in the first round and it began to swell immediately. Later in the round Algieri had to take a knee after another punch, but again rose to continue. “The shots I was getting hit with the first four rounds, they were few and far between,” said Algieri, a native New Yorker who was fighting in front of home fans at Brooklyn’s Barclays Center. Although his right eye was a bruised and swollen mess, Algieri said he could still see out of it through the eighth round, although by the 12th, he said, “I was blind.” On the undercard, Demetrius Andrade retained his WBO light middleweight title with a seventh-round technical knockout of England’s Brian Rose.—AFP

still gets nothing to pay more than a total of Rs 12,000 to its A category players making it difficult for the blind cricketers to play-for. Pakistan team have numerous records in their kitty in the World of Blind Cricket including the record to reach in the final of all the three editions of Blind Cricket World Cups (One Day Cricket) and winning two in 2002 and 2006. Moreover, in the very first Test match, the Pakistan team scored 721 runs against South Africa in 2000 and recently Pakistani manufactured plastic balls are set to be used for the first time in the 4th Blind Cricket World Cup scheduled to be held in South Africa in November this year. Recently, the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) announced pay hikes in the players’ central contracts but the Pakistan Blind Cricket Council (PBCC) which acquires its annual budget from the board don’t get enough to increase its players’ central contracts. Our national blind cricket team has no permanent ground to prepare for this year’s World Cup, even though the PBCC has got

Talking to APP, Former Pakistan Blind Cricket Team Captain Abdul Razzaq said at least the blind cricketers should be provided central contracts equivalent to the women cricketers which is up to Rs 50,000. “As a cricket team we have achievements more than the other teams which should be seen,” he said. Razzaq said our players perform with all their might in the game but when they think about how to run their homes from the money they get, it makes them depressed and disappointed. “The money, central contracts or match fees etc should be given accordingly on performance basis,” he said adding if not to all then at least handsome money based central contracts should be provided to those 30 players who perform best in the game. Current Captain, Zeeshan Abbasi said the blind cricketers’ need jobs and a way to earn a living. “We have been showing a blasting performance in the game but there is no recognition for us,” he said.—APP

Wise decisions needed for Pakistan cricket: Miandad I SLAMABAD —Legendary batsman Javed in the FIFA World Cup at home. “I turned 57 Miandad believes wise decisions are needed from the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) in all aspects for the betterment of the game saying solid game plans are required prior to the next year’s Cricket World Cup. Talking to APP, Miandad said there were times when national team was feared by other team but now it’s not the case. However, Miandad said it is too early to predict the national team’s chances in the 2015 World Cup as cricket is a game of chance and anything can happen. “Consistent performance in the game is the only thing needed” he said. Speaking of the most popular game of the world football, Miandad said he loves to watch the game of football and has high hopes for his favorite team Brazil to triumph

on June 12 which was also the opening date for the mega event and I specially prayed and gave my best wishes for the Brazilian team,” he said. The 2014 FIFA World Cup is the 20th FIFA World Cup and is taking place in Brazil from June 12 to July 13 and the team of Brazil is place in Group A alongside Croatia, Mexico and Cameroon. Miandad said as the FIFA WC started it was difficult for him to take off his eyes from the television as it been four years waiting to watch the World Cup. Talking about his favorite footballers, Miandad said he loves the game of Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo.”I have postponed all my work just to watch the mega event,” he added.—APP

ENGLAND: Moeen Ali was beaten through the gate and was bowled during England vs Sri Lanka, 1st Investec Test at Lord’s.

Pakistan retain its Team Squash title I SLAMABAD —Pakistan retained its title in the 17th Asian Senior Team Squash Championship by beating Malaysia in the finals on Sunday at Hong Kong. In the event Pakistan team was comprised on Nasir Iqbal and Farhan Mehboob, says a press release issued here. Score of the Finals include Mohammad Nafizwan Adnan (Malaysia) beat Farhan Zaman (Pakistan) by 12/10, 3/11, 11/9, 6/11, 8/11(2-3). Nasir Iqbal (Pakistan) beat Ong Beng Hee (Malaysia) by 8/11, 11/8, 11/5, 11/7 (3-1). Farhan Mehboob (Pakistan) beat Ivan Yuen Chee (Malaysia) by 11/7, 11/ 5, 11/6 (3-0).—APP

Federer takes Halle title for seventh timne H ALLE

PESHAWAR—JS Academy clinched the trophy by securing 54 points in the Peshawar District Inter-Club Athletic Championship played here at Qayyum Sports Complex on Sunday. Former National football team skipper Basit Kamal was the chief guest on this occasion. International athletic coach Syed Jaffar Shah, officials including Sana Ullah, Rehmat Ullah, Aamir, Zafraz Khan were also present. A total of 80 players from various athletic academies took part in the event. JS Academy got first position with 54 points, followed by MS Academy with 34 points and Karam Academy got 25 points. In the individual events 100m Mehtab of JS academy won gold medal, followed by Jawad of MS Academy while Nouman got third position. In the 200m Mehtab got gold medal, followed by Khalid and Nouman with silver and bronze medals. In the 800m

Junaid got gold medal, followed by Paras Ahmad with silver medal and Munib took bronze medal, in 1500m Faraz of JS Academy won gold medal, followed by Junaid Khan of the same and Munib of Karam Academy. In the discuss throw Zuhaib of JS Academy won gold medal with a distance of 27.8m, followed by Muhammad Irfan with 25.35m and Shahrukh got third position with 24.23m, in the shot put Zohaib got first position, followed by Irfan Afridi and Shahrukh Khan got third position, in the javelin throw Irfan got first position, followed by Shahab and Paras Ahmad while in the 4X100m MS Academy won gold medal, followed by JS Academy team and Karam Academy took third position. At the end, the chief guest gave away trophies and cash prizes to the position holders.—APP


(Allemagne)—Roger Federer of Switerland won the Halle grasscourt tournament for the seventh time on Sunday with a 7-6 (7/2), 7-6 (7/3) victory over Colombia’s Alejandro Falla in the final. Federer, 32, the defending champion and world number four, was too powerful for the world number 69 on his way to his second success of the season following victory in Dubai in February as he continues his warm-up for Wimbledon in two weeks’ time.—AFP

Marquez wins seventh straight MotoGP MONTMELO (Spain)—Spaniard Marc Marquez won his seventh straight race on Sunday as he took the honours in a thrilling Catalunya MotoGP ahead of Italian Valentno Rossi and Honda teammate and compatriot Dani Pedrosa. The runaway championship leader and defending champion survived a furious onslaught from Pedrosa over the final two laps after seizing the lead from Rossi who led for much of the middle part of the race. He extends his points tally to a perfect 175 while Rossi stays second on 117 after going past Pedrosa on the final lap when the Spaniard touched wheels with Marquez. The final laps of the race were run under thunder and lightening although race officials declined to halt the race.—AFP

India beat Bangladesh in first ODI

LAHORE: Youngsters attending the football coaching classes at Children Library Complex during the Summer Camp.

JS Academy win Inter-Club Athletic Championship

D HAKA —India defeated Bangladesh by seven wickets in a rain-curtailed oneday international at the Shere-Bangla stadium in Dhaka on Sunday. India reached the revised target of 150 runs off 26 overs with seven balls to spare after heavy downpours stopped play for more than two hours in the daynight clash. Bangladesh, batting first, made 272-9 off 50 overs.—AFP

PESHAWAR: Chief guest giving away trophy to the position holders.

First GB mountaineering expedition to K2 send off SPORTS REPORTER SKARDU—The first eight mountaineers of the Gilgit-Batistan received overwhelming reception from the local authorities, tourist organizations and the foreign mountaineers at the send off ceremony of the first ever Pakistani expedition to summit the K2 peak. The ceremony was arranged by the Central Karakoram National Park (CKNP) and the Gilgit-baltistan Tourism department with the support of the Ev-K2-CNR here at a local hotel on Friday evening. Minister Shaikh Nisar Hussain Sarbaaz was the chief guest on the occasion while the speakers included Italian mountaineering expert Murizio Gallo, Deputy Commissioner Raja Faisal KHaliq, Director CKNP Raja Abid Ali, Mountaineer Hassan Sadpara, Mountaineering trainer and President Baltistan Association of Tour Operators Muhammad Iqbal, President Pakistan Association of Tour Operators Amjad Ayub, Pakistan K2 Expedition team Leader Muhammad Taqi, and Expedition focal person Munir Ahmed and Arif Hussain. Minister Shaikh Nisar Hussain Sarbaaz said our mountains are the best for adventure tourism and mountaineering, the region is very peace and hospitable for the domestic and foreign guests, only a few try to disrupt the peaceful environment for the vested interest of the external elements. Murizio Gallo mentioned that the team is competent to scale the K2 peak if something harsh would not happened. all the mountaineers are very enthusiast and well aware of the harsh behavior of the mountains, Gallo believed they have requisite skills and techniques to handle the untoward situations. Two Italian mountaineering Ambassador Michele Cucchi, alpine guide and Simone Origone world cham-

pion speed skiing (251,40 km/h), would be available to the Pakistan expedition for technical support and assistance in the hour of need. The Director CKNP Raja Abid Ali said we have several opportunities in of tourism in park that is being developed with the support of Italian government. This expedition would mainstream CKNP and Pakistan on national and international level.Bato President Muhammad Iqbal was very happy to I S L A M A B A D — N a t i o n a l see the por- Women Squash Championters becom- ship, carrying top 16 playing the ers, will be commencing m o u n t a i n - from June 19-21, 2014 at eers. “I Jansher Khan Squash Comtrained them plex Abbottabad. According to a press reas porters and to climb ini- lease which issued here tially, now the Sunday, Laiba Ijaz of PAF Italian moun- Academy and Khyber taineering ex- Pakhtukhwa No. 1, Fozia perts have Khan, Laila Akbar and Saba e q u i p p e d Ahmad were included in the them with main round by Pakistan skills and Squash Federation. Noor Fatima of Punjab, techniques to of Khyber climb the Noorjat Bareera, h a r s h e s t Pakhtunkhwa, mountain – Naima Khan and Komal of K2, I believe Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have in their skills been listed as reserve playand with the ers. All arrangements in this mercy of God they would be connection have been finalsuccessful”. ized.—APP

National Women Squash C’ship from 19th

Ivory Coast comeback leaves Japan stunned in World Cup R ECIFE —Two goals in two second-half Alberto Zaccheroni.

MANAUS, Brazil: Italy’s Mario Balotelli celebrates after getting the ball past England’s goalkeeper Joe Hart and Gary Cahill to score his side’s second goal during the group D World Cup soccer match between England and Italy.

No plan to stop Hazard, say Algeria SOROCABA (Brazil)—Algeria Sunday said they had no plan to stop Belgium dangerman Eden Hazard ahead of their World Cup opener against one of the most talent-laden teams in the tournament. Assistant coach Nourredine Kourichi said Belgium had too many other threats, including powerful striker Romelu Lukaku, to allow them to focus on the explosive Chelsea midfielder. “If we focus on Eden Hazard, we could have some nasty surprises. We know his qualities but also his weak points, but we can’t focus especially on him, there are others, like Lukaku,” he said. “We don’t have a special plan against Hazard. We can mark and stop an opposing player with our own strategy,” added the former Algerian international. Algeria are contesting their fourth World Cup but it is not since 1986, and the 1-1 draw with Northern Ireland, that they last scored in the tournament after going goalless at South Africa 2010. But they remain mindful of their seismic 2-1 upset of Germany on their tournament debut in 1982 as they approach a team also blessed with Vincent Kompany, Marouane Fellaini and Adnan Januzaj.—AFP

Balotelli downs England as Italy win 2-1 in World Cup MANAUS (Brazil)—Mario Balotelli’s second- against Uruguay earlier in the day—in Recife. half header earned Italy a 2-1 victory over an enterprising England side in an engaging World Cup Group D opener in Manaus on Saturday. Amid muggy conditions in the Amazon rainforest city, Claudio Marchisio drilled Italy in front in the 35th minute, only for Daniel

Sturridge to equalise two minutes later after a sweeping England counter-attack. With 19-year-old Liverpool winger Raheem Sterling to the fore, England displayed plenty of endeavour, but they were ultimately undone by former Manchester City striker Balotelli’s goal shortly after half-time. His header prevented England from avenging their defeat on penalties by Italy in the quarter-finals of Euro 2012 and left Cesare Prandelli’s side well placed ahead of Friday’s meeting with Costa Rica—shock 3-1 victors

England manager Roy Hodgson will have drawn encouragement from his youthful side’s attacking vigour, but victory against a hurting Uruguay will now be imperative when the teams collide in Sao Paulo on Thursday. While Salvatore Sirigu deputised for the injured Gianluigi Buffon in goal for Italy, Hodgson sprang something of a surprise by fielding Sterling as a number 10, which obliged Wayne Rooney to play on the left. Sterling was quick to catch the eye at the Amazonia Arena, lashing a 30-yard shot into the side netting, and his example encouraged Jordan Henderson to test Sirigu at his near post with a powerful strike. As England continued to press, Sterling drilled a cross across goal, before Italy centre-back Andrea Barzagli toed a centre from Danny Welbeck across the face of his own goal and wide. England seemed to be building up a head of steam, but perhaps emboldened by their fortune, Italy went ahead. Meanwhile, Italy coach Cesare Prandelli said his side’s midfield domination secured the crucial 2-1 World Cup win against England on Saturday. “I am clearly satisfied with this victory as this match against England was very difficult, they are a very good team,” Prandelli said after the Group D win.—AFP

MANAUS, Brazil: Italian fans cheering after Italy beat England in the World Cup Group D opener.

minutes saw the Ivory Coast come from behind and beat Japan 2-1 in a dramatic World Cup Group C encounter late on Saturday. A fine Keisuke Honda strike after 16 minutes had put Japan in front at the Pernambuco Arena in Recife, but the Ivorians introduced Didier Drogba from the bench just after the hour mark before going on to turn the game on its head. Within five minutes of the veteran striker’s arrival on the rain-soaked surface, the Elephants scored twice, both times from Serge Aurier crosses. The equaliser came when the rightback’s curling delivery was headed home by Wilfried Bony, before Gervinho connected with another Aurier centre to stun the Japanese contingent inside the stadium. The result sees the Ivory Coast join Colombia — who beat Greece 3-0 earlier in the day — on three points atop Group C, and Sabri Lamouchi’s side must face the South Americans next in Brasilia on Thursday. “We didn’t start the match very well and we switched off at the goal but then we started to create chances. For us it was so important to start this World Cup positively,” said Lamouchi. Meanwhile, Japan face Greece in Natal next knowing that they cannot afford another setback. “The Ivory Coast stepped up the intensity as the game went on. Physically they are so strong, more than we are capable of being,” admitted Japan coach

“They are stronger than us in the penalty box so we needed to prevent the crosses from coming in. I thought we could win the game but now our backs are against the wall.” The Elephants are desperate to finally progress beyond the group stage at a World Cup after failing in 2006 and 2010, and they were boosted in Recife by the presence in their starting line-up of Yaya Toure, who shrugged off a hamstring problem in time to captain the side. Drogba was on the bench at kick-off, with Swansea City’s Bony preferred in attack, but the Ivorians still maintained a considerable physical advantage over the Asian champions. However, what Japan lack in muscle they make up for in technical ability, and Honda displayed his class to put the Blue Samurai ahead. Following a throw-in from the left flank, the ball arrived at the feet of AC Milan playmaker Honda at the edge of the box, and he took a touch before letting fly with a powerful, rising left-foot strike that gave Boubacar Barry Copa in goal no chance. Honda also scored Japan’s first goal at the 2010 World Cup, in a 1-0 victory against Cameroon in South Africa, before the Asian giants eventually bowed out in the last 16. This time, his goal gave Japan a platform which right-back Atsuto Uchida almost built on, as he broke into the box and turned inside Serey Die only to see his shot beaten away by the goalkeeper.—AP

Costa Rica stun Uruguay as Suarez looks on F O RTALEZA —Costa Rica came from a goal down to beat Uruguay 3-1 in a huge World Cup upset Saturday as the Copa America champions suffered for the absence of star striker Luis Suarez. After Edinson Cavani gave the South Americans the lead from the penalty spot in the first half, Costa Rica roared back with two goals in three minutes from Joel Campbell and Oscar Duarte. With Liverpool star Suarez confined to the bench recovering from a knee injury, Costa Rica grabbed a third through substitute Marcos Urena to throw Group D, which also features England and Italy, wide open. Uruguay´s Maxi Pereira was red-carded in injury time to compound his team´s misery. Uruguay had the ball in the net after 15 minutes but Diego Godin´s effort was rightly ruled out for offside. German referee Felix Brych called it right again in the 22nd minute when defender Junior Diaz was penalised for hauling down Uruguay skipper Diego Lugano in the box. Up stepped Paris Saint-Germain striker Cavani to calmly bury the penalty to the right of Costa Rica goalkeeper Keylor Navas. It was Cavani´s 22nd goal in 63 internationals. Uruguay went close to a second goal in the closing moments of the first half when veteran striker Diego Forlan´s shot took a huge deflection which forced a back-pedalling Navas into a dramatic tip over. In the 54th minute, Costa Rica were level with 21-year-old Campbell, who spent last season on loan at Olympiakos from Arsenal, firing in a superbly controlled drive from Cristian Gamboa´s cross. It got better three minutes later when Duarte dived bravely at the feet of Christian Stuanito to head in a free-kick for a 21 lead. Substitute Urena latched on to a fine pass by the influential Campbell in the 84th minute to make it 3-1 before Pereira became the first player sent off at these finals for a wild lunge on Campbell.—AFP

RECIFE: Japan’s Eiji Kawashima saves the ball during the 2014 World Cup Group C soccer match against Ivory Coast at the Pernambuco arena.

Argentina upbeat as Messi enters World Cup RIO DE JANEIRO—Four-time Ballon d’Or winner Lionel Messi enters the World Cup fray on Sunday, hoping he can at last add a

major team title to all the individual honours he has accrued over the years. Messi spearheads a formidable Argentine side which is being talked about as the biggest threat to host nation Brazil’s hopes of winning a sixth title. After disappointing in South Africa four years ago, Messi has a point to prove in Sunday’s Group F game against Bosnia at the Maracana Stadium.

France also set out on what is a voyage of redemption, to erase the shameful memory of the 2010 finals, as they face a tough physical battle against minnows Honduras. But Argentina and France will have taken note that, despite being clear favourites for their respective matches, the tournament so far has seen little respect for reputations. The Dutch team’s 5-1 dismantling of title holders Spain on Friday was followed by Costa Rica’s extraordinary comeback to defeat Copa America champions and two-time world Cup winners Uruguay 3-1 on Saturday. England will also be licking their wounds and trying to rebuild morale after a 2-1 defeat to Italy on Saturday ahead of Thursday’s match with Uruguay, where defeat for either side would all but consign them to an early flight home. Japan, too, face an uphill task to get their campaign back on an even keel after defeat to Ivory Coast with coach Alberto Zaccheroni admitting that they have their “backs against the wall.” But all eyes on Sunday will feature on Messi, playing in his third World Cup and finally producing his Barcelona form for Argentina under coach Alejandro Sabella. Argentina have not reached the semifinals since 1990. But with an attack force made up of Messi, Gonzalo Higuain, Sergio Aguero and Angel di Maria, they are the tournament favourites in the eyes of many.—AFP

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The Consul General of the Russian Federationi Oleg N. Avedeev, hosted a reception on the Occasion of the National Day at a Local hotel. Picture shows Speaker Sindh Assembly Agha Siraj Durrrani, and Minister for Works Mir Hazar Kan Bijarani, presenting bouquet to the host.

Russia looks forward to expand ties with Pakistan City Reporter KARACHI—Russia has great respect for Pakistan and looks forward to cooperate with this important country of Asia on various planes. This was said by Oleg N. Avdeev, Consul General of the Russian Federation in Karachi, at a reception hosted by him to celebrate the Day of Russia. He said both Russia and Pakistan are striving to contribute towards a just world order and share the same views on many issues. He added that this growing of close relations can be gauged from the fact that two Russian navy ships had visited Karachi port after more than 50 years. The Russian envoy said that he would like to see further enhanced cooperation between Russia and Pakistan as the

present volume of two-way trade does not reflect the actual potential that can be realised. Sindh Minister for Works and Communication Mir Hazar Khan Bijarani in his brief address said Russia can assist Pakistan in the expansion of Pakistan Steel Mills. He added that he was keen to see Pakistan Russia ties become closer. Senior Sindh Minister Mr Nisar Khuhro said the people of Pakistan cherish the fact that the Russian people are striving for a better future and wish them well. He said he wanted Pakistan Russia ties should improve further and this was best served by enhancing economic relations. Sindh Assembly Speaker Agha Siraj Durrani in his brief address thanked the Russian diplomat for his warm sentiments toward Pakistan and its people.

Three-day anti-polio campaign starts

Chief Minister Syed Qiam Ali Shah presiding over a meeting to review the progress of relief and rehabilitation work due to high sea tide which affected people of Thatta and Karachi, on Sunday.

PML (N) leader injured in firing incident K ARACHI —Vice President PML (N) District Malir Shahid Aarain was injured when unknown motorcyclists opened fire at him. Shahid was proceeding from his home in Malir to the city when two men riding a motorcycle fired on his car in Landhi area as a result he sustained injuries. Police further said that he was rushed to a private hospital for treatment. They said that Shahid received two bullets one on his face and the other on his hand. His statement has not been recorded as yet, they said. In the meantime Secretary Information PML (N) Sindh Ali Akbar Gujjar condemning the attack called it a cowardice act. He rushed to the hospital along with other party workers to inquire after the condition of Shahid Aarain. He demanded of the government to arrest the culprits and bring them to book.—APP

Over dozen Uzbeks arrested K ARACHI —Following an intense terrorist attack at Karachi airport last Sunday, different security agencies conducted raids in various areas of the metropolis and rounded up at least a dozen Uzbek nationals on Saturday night. According to sources, police, the rangers and intelligence agencies undertook raids in different areas of the mega city including Gadap, Manghopir, Sohrab Goth and Kunwari Colony and nailed over dozen Uzbeks. It should be mentioned here that the law-enforcement agencies were ordered from the top command to speed up the action against the conspirators in Karachi airport attack. —INP

PPP to remain part of democratic alliance: Khursheed City Reporter KARACHI —Leader of Opposition in the National Assembly Syed Khursheed Shah Sunday said that the federal and Sindh governments should provide security to the installations instead of bickering over and added that the institutions would have to get forward meeting the dangers. Talking to media on the sidelines

of Family Expo function at the Expo centre here, Khursheed Shah said that Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) would not become a party to any undemocratic move and would remain part of the democratic alliance. He said that the Karachi airport attack was quite shocking, but there was no two-opinion about it that the responsibility of the airport security rested with the federal government. The opposition leader said the

government should not commit a mistake of arresting Dr. Tahirul Qadri. The PPP leader said there is no gain if Article-6 of the Constitution is not linked with Oct 12, 1999 move [of the then government], he added. It may be noted here that reports are making rounds that the government might order arrest of Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT) chief Dr. Tahirul Qadri along with MNA Sheikh Rasheed Ahmed.

Altaf says, it is time to wipe out terrorists KARACHI—Muttahida Qaumi Move- foundation day here, MQM Quaid said loving Pakistanis within the country and ment (MQM) Quaid, Altaf Hussain Sunday said that it was time to wipe out the terrorists eating away the very vitality of the country and added that the terrorist and Pakistan could not go together. Altaf Hussain said that the terrorism and Pakistan were not compatible, if Pakistan has to exist, then terrorists must be wiped out. Addressing telephonically a gathering on the occasion of APMSO 36th

that his party was opposed to all sorts of terrorism, violence and wanted peace not only in Pakistan, but the entire world. He said that the terrorists from all over the world taking refuge in tribal areas and our big cities were eating away the very vitality of our country and added if (God forbid) these terrorists occupy the country, then men would be slained and women would be shut in their houses all around the country. Altaf Hussain appealed to all peace

abroad to realize their duty to the nation at this critical juncture and join hands to save Pakistan. He said MQM was not opposed to any religion, faith or sect, but it was certainly against religious fanaticism and murder of the innocent people all in the name of religion declaring the victims infidels. All the peace loving people of the country irrespective of their religion, sect and faith would have to stand united against the religious fanaticism, he reiterated.—INP

Two BDS men wounded in blast K ARACHI —Two personnel of the Bomb Disposal Squad (BDS) were wounded while defusing explosives planted on a railway track on Sunday.

According to sources, Railway Police recovered explosives planted on a railway track. The BDS officials arrived after a two hour delay whereas Khushaal

Khan Khattak Express was stopped during the search. The explosives went off during defusing process due to which two BDS officials were wounded.—INP

K ARACHI —A three day anti-polio cam- Shafiq is also active in the anti-polio campaign has kicked off in Karachi in which 35 lac children will be immunized from the virus and nine other diseases. According to polio officials, more than 50 lac children have been immunized from polio. Renowned Pakistani batsman Asad

paign. He said that he was personally interested in the drive and every member of the society has to play their role in eradicating the disease. On the other hand, polio officials at Ghurbi district have gone on vacation .—Agencies

Urs of Hazrat Lal Shahbaz KARACHI—Thousands of devotees from all around the country have gathered in Sehwan Sharif to attend three-day Urs celebrations of Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar that began on Sunday.

Walkthrough gates and CCTV cameras have been installed for the safety of the devotees while heavy contingent of police has been deployed to maintain law and order during Urs celebrations.—INP

Muhammad Sher Ahmed Khan, producer and director programme along with Muhammad Sharif, chief organizer, on the occasion of comedy and musical event organized by Pakistan Arts Council Karachi.

Testing your amino acid levels


mino acids are foundational mol ecules that play a very key role in human and animal physiology. When one is deficient in a certain amino acid due to dietary restriction or metabolic problems, it can lead to very serious health issues. Getting the proper amino acid testing can reveal the underlying cause for various health problems and provide natural treatment solutions to get well. Amino acids have a unique structure and contain at least one amino group (-NH2) and a carboxyl group (COOH). The only exceptions are glycine and taurine. Taurine carries a sulfonic group instead of the carboxyl group and is technically not an amino acid in the purest sense. Glycine is the smallest amino acid with a single hydrogen as its side chain. Amino acids are given a configuration of “L” or “D” based on which side the amino group is attached too. In natural protein, all amino acid residues are in the L configuration. The D configuration may be formed synthetically or by tissue catabolism and bacterial metabolism. The D form is unable to produce peptides and proteins and may even inhibit enzymes. In total, there are 22 different amino acids in protein structures. The body itself produces 12 different amino acids,

while those that are unable to be produced in the body are called essential amino acids. These must be obtained through the diet. The eight essential amino acids include isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, valine, phenylalanine, threonine and tryptophan. Some other amino acids are characterized as semiessential, as the body is unable to produce enough of them for physiological needs. These include arginine, histidine (essential for infants but not adults), cysteine and taurine. There are also amino acids that are hydroxylated after they are incorporated into a protein structure. This includes lysine becoming hydroxylysine and proline becoming hydroxyproline. An amino acid analysis employs state-of-the-art high-performance liquid chromatography that performs the most comprehensive and sensitive assay available for urine. This test analyzes 40 different amino acids and looks at key biomarkers for vitamin, mineral and inflammatory levels. The analytes are measured on a report in functional categories for amino acids to assess for nutritional cofactors and disorders related to possible imbalances. The 24-hour urine test is the best and most common way for assessing amino acid levels. This test gives a good analysis of what is high and what is low over a 24-hour period.

Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif exchanges views with Governor Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar during a meeting.

Revolutionary measures being taken for modernizing transport CITY REPORTER L AHORE—Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that modern transport system is the hallmark of a civilized society. He said that an efficient and reliable transport system is essential for providing quality traveling facilities to the masses as well as accelerating economic and trade activities. He said that Punjab government has taken revolutionary measures for modernizing transport system in the province which are leaving a positive impact on transport sector. He said that after the thumping success of public welfare metro bus system, the first metro train project of the country is also being started which will revolutionize transport system. He was talking to a delegation of Assembly Members and workers of Pakistan Muslim League-N at Raiwind, today. The Chief Min-

A disabled person holding the rear side of motorcycle while travelling on his tri-cycle which may cause a serious accident

Constable kills wife, mother-in-law LAHORE—A constable killed his wife and mother-in-law over a domestic issue in Shari Shahu area on Sunday. Police said constable, Altaf had married Faiza two months ago and his wife went to her parents home after having some differences over some disputes.

The accused went to the house of his inlaws where he opened firing on his wife and mother-in-law when she refused to go with him. As a result, both died on the spot while the accused fled. On information, SP Civil Lines Umer Hayat reached the spot and constituted a team to arrest him.—APP

Distribution of laptops to madaris suggested LAHORE—The government should provide in an analytic report based on Project Evalualaptops to teachers and scholars of Madaris as distributed in public sector institutes to promote harmony between formal and non-formal systems of education. This was observed in a report prepared by Directorate General Monitoring and Evaluation (DGM&E), of Planning and Development department of Punjab

tion and Rating Index (PERI), a senior official of DGM&E told APP here on Sunday. The report said:” By catering the need of the hour to modify Madaris education system and to educate their students by using modern technology would also be very helpful in eradicating poverty, extremism and ignorance.—APP

26 culprits arrested in one week L AHORE —Punjab Highway Patrol have arrested 22 culprits, including a proclaimed offender, besides recovering an abductee. PHP sources said on Sunday the officials of Kalashah Kako apprehended a proclaim offender, Amanullah of Gujranwala, who was wanted to PS Shahdara Town Lahore. PHP officials of Maddo Kahlwan received information about kidnapping of a man in a van and officials intercepted the vehicle besides recovering the abductee Kashif. Police apprehended seven accusedNadeem, Saim Ali, Ghulam Abbas, Asalat, Qaisar,Tauseef Ashraf and Aleem. PHP officials have arrested 13 culprits

having illegal weapons and recovered three pistols, one klashnikove, a rifle, hashish and 120 liter liquor from them. PHP officials have also arrested five dacoits- Dilawar Hussain, Imran,Abid, Ashiq Hussain and Nawaz- and recovered stolen batteries worth Rs 800,000, 120 litter liquor, a bike and illicit arms from a van. The officials also recovered four missing children,including Manisha,Muhammad Arshad of Chishtiyan, Shahroz and Adnan, to their families. The officials provided help to 1,797 travellers on highways, the sources added.— APP

ister said that PML-N is implementing its public welfare agenda in the light of its manifesto. He said that billions of rupees are being spent on education, health, water supply and communication sectors. He said that national resources are a trust of the nation and Punjab government is spending every penny of public money in a transparent manner for the provision of basic amenities to the masses. He said that a project has been evolved to operate metro train on a 27-km long route in Lahore with the investment of China which will give a new identity to Lahore while modern transport facility will also become available to the citizen. He said that orange line metro train is a glorious project for resolving traffic problems and provision of modern transport facilities to the citizens. He said that the project will be completed in a record period of 27 months while speed, transpar-

ency and highest standard of construction work will also be ensured. He said that initially more than 2.5 lakh citizens will benefit from orange line metro train project while their number will increase gradually. He said that around 1.75 lakh people are also benefiting from metro bus service. The Chief Minister further said that after Lahore, RawalpindiIslamabad metro bus project is also being implemented speedily and it will be completed in a record period of ten months. He said that completion of this project will result in provision of speedy, economical and modern transport facilities to the residents of the twin cities. He said that metro bus project will also be started in Multan and Faisalabad in the new financial year. Shahbaz Sharif said that service to the people and raising their living standard is the manifesto of PML-N and a network of development projects is being laid for this pur-

pose throughout the province. He said that development schemes are being executed on priority basis in south Punjab and less developed areas. He said that modern transport system helps in fuel conservation as well as saving the precious time of the citizens who are also rid of traffic jams. Keeping in view this fact, he said, Punjab government is spending billions of rupees for modernizing transport sector. The Assembly Members and workers of PML-N congratulated Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif over presenting a balanced, poor- friendly and welfare-oriented budget and said that his efforts for the improvement of transport system are yielding positive results. They said that Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif is serving the people round the clock and his style of work is being appreciated at international level.

Punjab budget people, business-friendly: Governor L AHORE —Punjab Governor Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar said on Sunday that Punjab budget for fiscal year 2014-15 was people and business-friendly, pro-industry and relieforiented. Talking to APP here, the governor said greater focus on sectors of energy, infrastructure, education, health and women and youth development would definitely bring prosperity in the province. The governor said the balancedbudget would certainly pave way for progress and alleviate poverty in Punjab as the budget 2014-15 was unprecedented because no new tax had been imposed while allocations for development projects, poverty re-

duction, education and health would go a long way in giving required boost to the province. Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar said the projects of energy generation through various resources, including hydel, wind, solar, thermal, bio-mass, bio-gas and coal by ensuring huge allocations in this regard would revive the industry and other sector of economy. He termed it a proof of Shahbaz Sharif-led provincial government’s sagacity to allocate huge funds for energy projects to bridge the power demand and supply gap and it also showed the government’s seriousness towards giving an end to energy crisis. The availability of required

electricity to the industry would help the country to get optimum benefit form the GSP-Plus (Generalised System of Preferences) status given by European Union, he said, citing that particularly, the textile industry would be one of the major beneficiaries having an increased volume of exports to Europe under the GSP-Plus status. The governor appreciated various initiatives announced in the Punjab Budget to give relief to masses, and huge funds for irrigation, livestock and agriculture sector would help bring green revolution in the province. He said that allocation of sufficient funds for maintenance of law and order was enough to prove Punjab government was serious in ensuring

security to the life and property of the masses. Hefty budgetary allocations for promotion of education at all levels, Danish School system, provision of missing facilities in schools and colleges, enrolment of out of school children, encouraging the brilliant students, labtop and IT projects for youth and skill development was step in the right direction to put the economy not only back on track but also ensure its speedy revival, he maintained. Ch.Sarwar lauded the Punjab government for issuing Health Insurance cards for the low-income class, provision of modern and improved health facilities in public sector hospital.—APP

CM takes notice CITY REPORTER L AHORE —Punjab

Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has taken notice of the gang rape and murder of a girl of Sheikhupura in Dera Ghazi Khan and sought a report from RPO Dera Ghazi Khan. The Chief Minister also ordered stern action against the persons involved in the tragic incident.

A large number of people visit Lahore canal to beat the heat and get some relief during a hot day in provincial Capital.